Carlavirus: A genus of RNA plant viruses in the family FLEXIVIRIDAE, containing slightly flexuous filaments, often transmitted by aphids in a non-persistent manner. Carnation latent virus is the type species.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Maize streak virus: The type species of genus Mastrevirus, family GEMINIVIRIDAE.Genome, Viral: The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.Plant Viruses: Viruses parasitic on plants higher than bacteria.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Abelmoschus: A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE, order Malvales, subclass Dilleniidae best known for okra.ArchivesTrifolium: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE.Mosaic Viruses: Viruses which produce a mottled appearance of the leaves of plants.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Nucleic Acids: High molecular weight polymers containing a mixture of purine and pyrimidine nucleotides chained together by ribose or deoxyribose linkages.Nucleic Acid Hybridization: Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)Illusions: The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.DNA Probes: Species- or subspecies-specific DNA (including COMPLEMENTARY DNA; conserved genes, whole chromosomes, or whole genomes) used in hybridization studies in order to identify microorganisms, to measure DNA-DNA homologies, to group subspecies, etc. The DNA probe hybridizes with a specific mRNA, if present. Conventional techniques used for testing for the hybridization product include dot blot assays, Southern blot assays, and DNA:RNA hybrid-specific antibody tests. Conventional labels for the DNA probe include the radioisotope labels 32P and 125I and the chemical label biotin. The use of DNA probes provides a specific, sensitive, rapid, and inexpensive replacement for cell culture techniques for diagnosing infections.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Oligonucleotide Probes: Synthetic or natural oligonucleotides used in hybridization studies in order to identify and study specific nucleic acid fragments, e.g., DNA segments near or within a specific gene locus or gene. The probe hybridizes with a specific mRNA, if present. Conventional techniques used for testing for the hybridization product include dot blot assays, Southern blot assays, and DNA:RNA hybrid-specific antibody tests. Conventional labels for the probe include the radioisotope labels 32P and 125I and the chemical label biotin.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.GermanyRed Cross: International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.Classification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Indigo Carmine: Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.BooksVanilla: A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).Paeonia: A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.Potexvirus: A genus of plant viruses in the family FLEXIVIRIDAE, that cause mosaic and ringspot symptoms. Transmission occurs mechanically. Potato virus X is the type species.Solanum tuberosum: A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The starchy roots are used as food. SOLANINE is found in green parts.Potyvirus: A large genus of plant viruses of the family POTYVIRIDAE which infect mainly plants of the Solanaceae. Transmission is primarily by aphids in a non-persistent manner. The type species is potato virus Y.Tobacco: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.Bunyaviridae: A family of viruses, mainly arboviruses, consisting of a single strand of RNA. Virions are enveloped particles 90-120 nm diameter. The complete family contains over 300 members arranged in five genera: ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS; HANTAVIRUS; NAIROVIRUS; PHLEBOVIRUS; and TOSPOVIRUS.Lipothrixviridae: Family of enveloped, lipid-containing, filamentous DNA viruses that infect ARCHAEA.Acidianus: A genus of facultatively anaerobic coccoid ARCHAEA, in the family SULFOLOBACEAE. Cells are highly irregular in shape and thermoacidophilic. Lithotrophic growth occurs aerobically via sulfur oxidation in some species. Distribution includes solfataric springs and fields, mudholes, and geothermically heated acidic marine environments.Capsid: The outer protein protective shell of a virus, which protects the viral nucleic acid.RNA, Viral: Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.Beer: An alcoholic beverage usually made from malted cereal grain (as barley), flavored with hops, and brewed by slow fermentation.Portraits as Topic: Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)Nobel PrizeBrazilMedicine in ArtHong Kong: The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.Solidago: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE known for allergenic pollen (ALLERGENS).Tasmania: An island south of Australia and the smallest state of the Commonwealth. Its capital is Hobart. It was discovered and named Van Diemen's Island in 1642 by Abel Tasman, a Dutch navigator, in honor of the Dutch governor-general of the Dutch East Indian colonies. It was renamed for the discoverer in 1853. In 1803 it was taken over by Great Britain and was used as a penal colony. It was granted government in 1856 and federated as a state in 1901. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1190 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, p535)Mustelidae: A family of terrestrial carnivores with long, slender bodies, long tails, and anal scent glands. They include badgers, weasels, martens, FERRETS; MINKS; wolverines, polecats, and OTTERS.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Tobacco Mosaic Virus: The type species of TOBAMOVIRUS which causes mosaic disease of tobacco. Transmission occurs by mechanical inoculation.Brachiaria: A plant genus of the family POACEAE originating from the savanna of eastern Africa. It is widely grown for livestock forage.Alfalfa mosaic virus: The type species of the genus ALFAMOVIRUS that is non-persistently transmitted by aphids.

Nucleotide sequence analysis of the 3'-terminal region of two Korean isolates of lily symptomless Carlavirus and expression of the coat protein in E. coli. (1/18)

The 3'-terminal regions of the genomic RNAs of two Korean isolates of the lily symptomless Carlavirus (LSV), LSV-Ko and LSV-KII, were cloned and their nucleotide sequences were determined. The nucleotide sequence analysis and protein analysis by the Western blot revealed that E. coli expressed a 32-kDa protein that is the viral coat protein (CP) for the LSV. The two Korean strains share 98.4% and 98.3% sequence identities at the nucleotide and amino acid levels, respectively. The CP gene of LSV-Ko showed 99.1% and 87.0% nucleotide sequence identities, and 99.0% and 96.6% amino acid sequence identities with those of the Netherlands and the Japanese LSV strains, respectively. A pairwise amino acid sequence comparison revealed a sequence similarity of 29.6% to 69.8% between LSV-Ko and other species of the carlavirus. The 16 kDa protein of LSV-Ko shares 17.6% to 42.7% amino acid similarity with those of 8 other the carlaviruses, and they are variable in the N-terminal region. The Cys repeated zinc finger nucleic acid binding domain was found in the 16 kDa protein for all of the LSV strains. Sequence comparisons of the 7 kDa protein of LSV in the strain level showed significant identities from 100.0% to 98.4%. LSV-Ko shares 21.9% to 42.2% amino acid similarity with those of 8 other carlaviruses, 4 members of the potexviruses, and a closterovirus. LSV is closely related to blueberry scorch virus (BISV) based upon the phylogenetic tree analyses of the three proteins, indicating LSV to be a quite distinct member of the genus Carlavirus.  (+info)

Structural properties of carnation mottle virus p7 movement protein and its RNA-binding domain. (2/18)

Plant viral movement proteins (MPs) participate actively in the intra- and intercellular movement of RNA plant viruses to such an extent that MP dysfunction impairs viral infection. However, the molecular mechanism(s) of their interaction with cognate nucleic acids are not well understood, partly due to the lack of structural information. In this work, a protein dissection approach was used to gain information on the structural and RNA-binding properties of this class of proteins, as exemplified by the 61-amino acid residue p7 MP from carnation mottle virus (CarMV). Circular dichroism spectroscopy showed that CarMV p7 is an alpha/beta RNA-binding soluble protein. Using synthetic peptides derived from the p7 sequence, we have identified three distinct putative domains within the protein. EMSA showed that the central region, from residue 17 to 35 (represented by peptide p7(17-35)), is responsible for the RNA binding properties of CarMV p7. This binding peptide populates a nascent alpha-helix in water solution that is further stabilized in the presence of either secondary structure inducers, such as trifluoroethanol and monomeric SDS, or RNA (which also changes its conformation upon binding to the peptide). Thus, the RNA recognition appears to occur via an "adaptive binding" mechanism. Interestingly, the amino acid sequence and structural properties of the RNA-binding domain of p7 seem to be conserved among carmoviruses and some other RNA-binding proteins and peptides. The low conserved N terminus of p7 (peptide p7(1-16)) is unstructured in solution. In contrast, the highly conserved C terminus motif (peptide p7(40-61)) adopts a beta-sheet conformation in aqueous solution. Alanine scanning mutagenesis of the RNA-binding motif showed how selected positive charged amino acids are more relevant than others in the RNA binding process and how hydrophobic amino acid side chains would participate in the stabilization of the protein-RNA complex.  (+info)

Complete genome sequence of garlic latent virus, a member of the carlavirus family. (3/18)

The complete genome sequence of the garlic latent virus (GLV) has been determined. The whole GLV genome consists of 8,353 nucleotides, excluding the 3'-end poly(A)+ tail, and contains six open-reading frames (ORFs). Putative proteins that were encoded by the reading frames contain the motifs that were conserved in carlavirus-specific RNA replicases, NTP-dependent DNA helicases, two viral membrane-bound proteins, a viral coat protein, and a zinc-finger. Overall, the GLV genome shows structural features that are common in carlaviruses. An in vitro translation analysis revealed that the zinc-finger protein is not produced as a transframe protein with the coat protein by ribosomal frameshifting. A Northern blot analysis showed that GLV-specific probes hybridized to garlic leaf RNA fragments of about 2.6 and 1.5 kb long, in addition to the 8.5 kb whole genome. The two subgenomic RNAs might be encapsidated into smaller viral particles. In garlic plants, 700 nm long flexuous rod-shaped virus particles were observed in the immunoelectron microscopy using polyclonal antibodies against the GLV coat proteins.  (+info)

Developing a genetic approach to investigate the mechanism of mitochondrial competence for DNA import. (4/18)

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Role of the zinc-finger and basic motifs of chrysanthemum virus B p12 protein in nucleic acid binding, protein localization and induction of a hypersensitive response upon expression from a viral vector. (5/18)

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Genomic variability in potato virus M and the development of RT-PCR and RFLP procedures for the detection of this virus in seed potatoes. (6/18)

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Expression, purification and characterization of the Lily symptomless virus coat protein from Lanzhou Isolate. (7/18)

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A dual strategy for the suppression of host antiviral silencing: two distinct suppressors for viral replication and viral movement encoded by potato virus M. (8/18)

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Betaflexiviridae is a family of viruses in the order Tymovirales. Plants and fungi serve as natural hosts. There are currently 87 species in this family, divided among 7 genera. Diseases associated with this family include: mosaic and ringspot symptoms. Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Tymovirales Family: Betaflexiviridae Genus: Capillovirus Apple stem grooving virus Cherry virus A Genus: Carlavirus Aconitum latent virus American hop latent virus Blueberry scorch virus Butterbur mosaic virus Cactus virus 2 Caper latent virus Carnation latent virus Chrysanthemum virus B Cole latent virus Coleus vein necrosis virus Cowpea mild mottle virus Cucumber vein-clearing virus Dandelion latent virus Daphne virus S Elderberry symptomless virus Garlic common latent virus Helenium virus S Helleborus mosaic virus Helleborus net necrosis virus Hippeastrum latent virus Honeysuckle latent virus Hop latent virus Hop mosaic virus Hydrangea chlorotic mottle virus Hydrangea latent virus Kalancho‰ latent virus Ligustrum ...
Poke, FS (2008) Hop mosaic virus: complete nucleotide sequence and relationship to other carlaviruses. Archives of Virology, 153 (8). pp. 1615-1619. ISSN 0304-8608 ...
Read "Hop mosaic virus: complete nucleotide sequence and relationship to other carlaviruses, Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
Read "The complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of red clover vein mosaic virus (genus Carlavirus ), Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
American hop latent virus is distinct from the two other carlaviruses known to occur in hop, hop mosaic and hop latent; it is only very distantly related to them serologically, has a wider host range, and differs from them in causing obvious symptoms in several species, notably Datura stramonium and Chenopodium quinoa, both of which are immune to hop latent virus and sustain only symptomless local infection by hop mosaic virus. Symptoms caused by the latter two viruses in herbaceous hosts are too mild for diagnosis, and identification of all three viruses, which can occur together in hop, is best done by serology. ...
Potexviruses and carlaviruses are plant‐infectingviruses belonging to the family Aphaflexiviridae and Betaflexiviridae, respectively
Pea streak virus (PeSV) is a member of the genus Carlavirus in the family Betaflexiviridae. Here, the first complete genome sequence of PeSV was determined by deep sequencing of a cDNA library constructed from dsRNA extracted from a PeSV-infected sample and Rapid Amplification of cDNA Ends (RACE) PCR. The PeSV genome consists of 8041 nucleotides excluding the poly(A) tail and contains six open reading frames (ORFs). The putative peptide encoded by the PeSV ORF6 has an estimated molecular mass of 6.6 kDa and shows no similarity to any known proteins. This differs from typical carlaviruses, whose ORF6 encodes a 12- to 18-kDa cysteine-rich nucleic-acid-binding protein.. ...
Lily plants exhibiting virus-like symptoms of leaf yellowing, twisting and brownish necrotic spots were collected, and next-generation sequencing of small RNAs was conducted to identify the associated viruses. Cucumber mosaic virus, lily symptomless virus and a hitherto unrecorded potyvirus, tentatively named "lily yellow mosaic virus" (LYMV), were detected. The genomic RNA of LYMV was 9811 nt in length, encoding a large polyprotein of 3,124 amino acids with a predicted Mr of 353.3 kDa. BLAST analysis showed that LYMV shared a high degree of amino acid sequence identity with Thunberg fritillary mosaic virus (55%), bean yellow mosaic virus (52%), clover yellow vein virus (51%), leek yellow stripe virus (51%), and lily mottle virus (52%), and these viruses clustered together in a phylogenetic tree ...
... - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
... - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors become healthy and happy. Our BellaOnline Nutrition Database will help you choose the healthiest foods for your chosen lifestyle.
Catjang (Vigna unguiculata subsp. cylindrica) is a subspecies of cowpea. The catjang plant is native to Africa, and is an erect densely branched shrubby perennial of Old World tropics. It now grows in other warm regions, as well. In the US, it is grown primarily as fodder, but elsewhere is used as a food crop. The name comes from Indonesian and Malay kacang, a generic word for beans and nuts. Catjang is low in saturated fat and is a good source of dietary fiber, protein, iron, phosphorus, zinc, copper and manganese, and a very good source of folate and magnesium. Cowpeas, catjang, mature seeds, cooked, boiled, with salt, at Self (magazine)[unreliable source ...
Ajibade, S. R. et al. 2000. Inter simple sequence repeat analysis of genetic relationships in the genus Vigna. Euphytica 111:47-55. Note: it included Vigna unguiculata subsp. dekindtiana var. pubescens, and it found evidence for recognizing it at the subspecies ...
The nucleotide sequence (9306 nucleotides) of cDNA clones of apple stem pitting virus (ASPV) obtained from a double-stranded RNA template, extracted from diseased plant tissue, was determined. The genome is composed of five open reading frames (ORFs) encoding putative proteins with M rs of 247083, 25147, 12832, 7429 and 43712, and has a poly(A) tail. Using two oligonucleotides designed from the ASPV sequence information a 1598 bp fragment from near the 3′ terminus of the viral RNA, containing the coat protein of M r 43766, was amplified from vein yellows (VY)-infected pear plants by PCR. The sequence determined showed eight nucleotide changes resulting in five amino acid substitutions compared with the sequence of ASPV. When compared to potex-, carla-, clostero- and capillo-viruses, the ASPV genome organization appeared to be most closely related to that of potexviruses, but with a larger coat protein of M r 44K (ORF5). The predicted coat protein size was confirmed by immunoblot analysis. The results
Import Data And Price Of Quick DNA , www.eximpulse.com Eximpulse Services will provide you the latest and relevant market intelligence reports of Quick DNA Import Data. You can find live data of maximum number of ports of India which is based on updated shipment data of Indian Customs. Only previous two days data will be seen on website. You can use this Quick DNA import data for multiple kinds of analysis; lets say Import price, Quantity, market scenarios, Price trends, Duty optimization and many more. You can go through some of the sample shipment records for Quick DNA import data mentioned above. Here on Eximpulse Services you will get all kind of free sample as well as detailed reports of Export/ Import data as per your requirement. To get in touch for any kind of enquiry related to free sample or detailed report contact on +91-120-408-4957, +91-120-408-4958,+91-120-428-4019.. Data post 2012 as per Notification No.18/2012 - Customs(N.T.) and does not have names of Indian companies and ...
From a usability standpoint Thompsons system has a fatal flaw. For that matter, in a biological system it would be a fatal flaw too. In his case, he has one chip figuring out how to do X, instead of several competing chips trying to find X, with the basic requirement that the mean to get there "must" function on any one of the chips. In biology, this would be the equivalent of a single individual in a species that could see *slightly* into the infra-red, so could see better in the dark, but which **lives** in an area where the creatures species is "rarely" active at night, and seeing in the IR spectra during the day is actually detrimental. That it works better at seeing at night is irrelevant, if the *species* never uses the trait in question for anything.. Well, maybe no the best example, but I think you get my point. Just because *one* member of a species manages to "solve" a problem successfully with a mutation, doesnt mean its useful for any other member, if that mutation is so specific ...
Apple stem cells may be the next big antiaging breakthrough, say natural skin care experts. Plant stem cells, particularly from apples, may help maintain and repair tissue to keep skin looking young, according to research from a Swiss biochemistry lab, which showed that topically applying apple stem cells delays the aging process by triggering the skins ability to regenerate cells. The same lab demonstrated that apple stem cells reduce existing-wrinkle depth by up to 15 percent ...
Which is the best piece of equipment to scorch sugar for Creme Brulee? Will a propane torch do the trick or is there specific equipment to do it? ...
New Scientist has an article about the Evolution Machine — a device which can accelerate directed artificial evolution to discover desirable DNA changes in days rather than years. One of the aims of these researchers is to create an organism (and ultimately humans) that is genetically immune t...
Abcam provides specific protocols for Anti-Complex II Immunocapture antibody [4H12BG12AG2] (ab109865) : Western blot protocols, Immunoprecipitation protocols…
A third group of kittypets trailed after Scorch, and much to their chagrin and confusion he led them back to the burnt out shell of the old Twoleg place. Scorch declared it the perfect place to begin again, and so they settled there without too many complaints. Life was tough, but the cats soon discovered that they could find food in the most unlikely of places, and there was a well in the center of the burnt buildings that still held water. Scorch soon found that it was difficult making all of the decisions himself and so he appointed one of the cats he trusted the most to be his deputy, and declared that this cat would take over after his death. And so ScorchClan was formed, following the ideals of many Clans before them ...
A blistering, potentially historic and record-breaking heat wave is beginning today in the West, and is forecast to last at least through the weekend.
Pre-wet form which is non-dusty, free flowing and protected from the deleterious affects of humidity; use for rapid dispersion in halogenated polymers as an acid acceptor, scorch protector and curative. ...
ISHS XII International Symposium on Virus Diseases of Ornamental Plants CHARACTERIZATION OF A SEVERE STRAIN OF CHRYSANTHEMUM VIRUS B (CVB) ISOLATED FROM CHRYSANTHEMUM IN INDONESIA
Citation: Polashock, J.J. 2008. New and Emerging Pathogens of Blueberry. New Jersey Annual Vegetable Meeting Proceedings. p. 140. Interpretive Summary: Long-lived woody crops, such as blueberry, are continually exposed to many pathogens. The severity or importance of these pathogens is dependent on a combination of factors including cultivar susceptibility, environmental conditions, cultural practices, and disease pressure. We are now seeing an increase in both the importance of some existing pathogens and the emergence of new pathogens. For example, twig blight, caused by Phomopsis vaccinii has become more prevalent and more severe. In New Jersey, this disease has historically had minimal impact. However, recent surveys suggest that extensive flower loss and the death of whole shoots are now more common. Insect transmitted diseases are also becoming more prevalent. These include bacteria - like diseases such as blueberry stunt and viruses such as blueberry scorch. This may be due to the ...
ID JQ809577; SV 1; linear; genomic RNA; STD; VRL; 335 BP. XX AC JQ809577; XX DT 18-JUN-2012 (Rel. 113, Created) DT 18-JUN-2012 (Rel. 113, Last updated, Version 1) XX DE Apple stem grooving virus isolate BJ-ml movement protein gene, partial cds. XX KW . XX OS Apple stem grooving virus OC Viruses; ssRNA viruses; ssRNA positive-strand viruses, no DNA stage; OC Tymovirales; Betaflexiviridae; Trivirinae; Capillovirus. XX RN [1] RP 1-335 RA Hu G.J., Hong N., Wang G.P.; RT "Apple stem grooving virus isolates from Chinese pears"; RL Unpublished. XX RN [2] RP 1-335 RA Hu G.J., Hong N., Wang G.P.; RT ; RL Submitted (21-MAR-2012) to the INSDC. RL College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, RL Shizishan No. 1, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, China XX DR MD5; cec29cc7e6c2cbde6eb9d8f732fc9c7b. XX FH Key Location/Qualifiers FH FT source 1..335 FT /organism="Apple stem grooving virus" FT /host="pear" FT /isolate="BJ-ml" FT /mol_type="genomic RNA" FT /country="China" FT ...
Stem Cell Vitamins.Swisscorr Apple Stem Cell Rejuvenate Drink. Superlife STC30. Curettage Gengivale: Intervento Di Levigatura Radicolare . Best Gallery Images for Your Reference and Informations
摘要 2003年於彰化蘭花栽培園區中於蝴蝶蘭上從葉部出現黃化斑點(chlorotic spot) 之病徵的植株發以及在葉片上產生黃化輪紋 (chlorotic ring) 病徵的植株分別發現新的病毒,分別屬於 Potyvirus 屬的蝴蝶蘭黃化斑點病毒 (Phalaenopsis chlorotic spot virus, PhCSV) 以及屬於 Carmovirus 屬的康乃馨斑駁病蝴蝶蘭分離株 (Carnation mottle virus, CarMV)。雖然近幾年對於蘭花病毒的相關研究不少,但真正進行田間檢測的病毒卻相當的少,主要是因為缺乏具專一性及靈敏度檢測的工具來進行病毒的檢測。因此,為了落實無病毒苗的觀念,因此製備對此兩種病毒具專一性的血清,希望本實驗所生產的血清能夠在業者及檢測單位進行病毒的檢測時貢獻一份力量。利用PhCSV ...
VitaDigest offer Scorch Ultimate Metabolic Accelerator 168 Capsules , Product Review For MAN Sports Formula and Information, Exclusive Reivews for Scorch Ultimate Metabolic Accelerator 168 Capsules MAN Sports
Potato virus S ATCC ® PVAS-103™ Designation: potato S carlavirus antiserum [potato virus S antiserum] Application: Plant research
A big beer brewed by little guys shouldnt seem odd; after all, most bodybuilders suffer little-guy syndrome and want to get bigger. Achouffes Houblon is no different - it is a gnome in the throes of a steroid rage. It has three large pec-building sets of hops added during the brewing process, including two of the biggest American hops known for their big pine and citrus qualities: Amarillo and Tomahawk (perfect for an angry gnome). This brew also includes Saaz, a hop commonly used in lagers, which makes for a dynamic hop profile that floats like a butterfly and stings like a bee. Watch out though, it is dangerously drinkable at nine per cent. With a dense billowy head this ale is thicker than the thickest of body-bulking protein shakes and the head will last through the longest gnome pumping iron sessions. ...
Grey Lodge Pub is tapping a sixtel - well its more like defusing a hop bomb - of Dogfish Heads extremely extreme 120 Minute IPA. The big-ass beer is boiled for a full two hours while continuously hopped with high-alpha American hops, then dry-hopped daily in the fermenter for a month, and then aged for another month on whole-leaf hops.. Tapping/defusing is at 10 AM. Weighing in around 18 percent ABV, previous 120 on 1/20 celebrations lead Grey Lodge owners to expect the sixtel will last all day. For 2014, January 20th is also Martin Luther King Day. As some people will have off from work for the national holiday, the sixtel may not last all day. But then maybe it will.. Event Date: 01/ ...
Ive been exchanging emails with Hugh Farey recently. Hes been sending some impressive photographs of linen fibres, before and after scorching. Theres currently the beginnings of an exchange of views on the importance or otherwise of the primary cell wall (PCW) in capturing the Shroud image (well, scorch imprints anyway). Regular visitors to this blog…
Proteome IDi ,p>The proteome identifier (UPID) is the unique identifier assigned to the set of proteins that constitute the ,a href="http://www.uniprot.org/manual/proteomes_manual">proteome,/a>. It consists of the characters UP followed by 9 digits, is stable across releases and can therefore be used to cite a UniProt proteome.,p>,a href=/help/proteome_id target=_top>More...,/a>,/p> ...
Serum Wajah, Isi 2 Botol, Memperlambat Penuaan Dini, Mengurangi Garis Halus dan Keriput, Membantu Proses Pemutihan Kulit, Merangsang Terbentuknya Kolagen murah dengan spesifikasi sesuai kebutuhan Anda. Gratis ongkos kirim dan bisa dicicil dengan bunga cicilan 0%
1KH9: Artificial evolution of an enzyme active site: structural studies of three highly active mutants of Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase.
1KH9: Artificial evolution of an enzyme active site: structural studies of three highly active mutants of Escherichia coli alkaline phosphatase.
Granular materials are large amorphous aggregates of discrete, individually solid particles. Despite seemingly simple ingredients, such aggregates exhibit a wide range of complex behaviours that defy categorization as ordinary solids or liquids. This includes non-Newtonian flow behaviour and collective jamming transitions. One of the key issues has long been how to link particle-level properties in a predictive manner to the behaviour of the aggregate as a whole. However, for actually designing a granular material, an inverse problem needs to be solved: for a given desired overall response, the task becomes finding the appropriate particle-level properties. This master class discusses new approaches to tackle the inverse problem by bringing concepts from artificial evolution to materials design. These results have general applicability and open up wide-ranging opportunities for materials optimization and discovery.
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Our quality SKF NNF5014ADA-2LSV bearing is top in the world. We have large inventory now. Delivery time: 5-7days. In addition to the information provided on this page, consider what is provided under Double row full complement cylindrical roller bearings.; For information on selecting the appropriate bearing for a given application, and interpreting the data on this page, refer to Bearing selection process.; For general information on rolling bearings, refer to General bearing knowledge.
Forecasters say Europeans will feel sizzling heat this week with temperatures soaring as high as 104 degrees Fahrenheit in an unprecedented June heatwave hitting much of Western Europe.
Bloomberg was openly considering an independent run as part of a bid to stop Trump on the Republican side and Sen. Bernie Sanders on the Democratic side.
Scalp Therapy™ - Регенерираща терапия с Apple Stem Cells - тичинкови клетки, екстрахирани от ябълка, специално създадена, за да възстанови луковицата на косъма. Възвръща естественото pH, предотвратява появата на пърхот и себорея. Мощна терапия с тройно действие ...
食品、飲料與營養保健品 (Lanzhou WeiRi Bio-Engineering Co., Ltd.) | 食品、飲料與營養保健品一站式進行配方,數據表,物質安全數據表搜索,產品特性和樣品申請 -- 免費使用
SWISS-MODEL is a fully automated protein structure homology-modelling server. The purpose of this server is to make protein modelling accessible to all life science researchers worldwide.
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Apple Stem Pitting Virus of PSAH PearIsolate, DNA Aptamer, Biotinylated DNA Aptamers AD-107-B Apple Stem Pitting Virus of PSAH PearIsolate, DNA Aptamer, Biotinylated DNA Aptamers AD-107-B
Apple Stem Pitting Virus of PSAH PearIsolate, DNA Aptamer, Biotinylated DNA Aptamers AD-107-B Apple Stem Pitting Virus of PSAH PearIsolate, DNA Aptamer, Biotinylated DNA Aptamers AD-107-B
Cells inside our bodies have been programmed for particular functions. Nevertheless, every cells fate is dependent on means of a pair of epigenetic (in a position to alter receptor expression patterns) signs which can come from within it and out of the surrounding tissues too. These signs would be similar to control tags attached with the DNA that transform specific genes off or on.. This selective programming generates each one of the different forms of cells within our own bodies, which can be jointly called differentiated (technical) cells.. Though distinguished cells vary widely in appearance and purpose, all of them have something in common: they all include a integral operational limitation. After a great number of branches, they lose their capacity to split and has to be substituted. This really is the area where stem cells arrive in.. Your body creates other tissues which contain no particular programming. These stem cells are "sterile," therefore your body is able to essentially ...
This course investigates the increasingly important role that artificial life concepts are playing across the breadth of computer graphics, including image synthesis, modeling, animation, multimedia, and virtual reality. Attendees are systematically introduced to techniques for realistically modeling and animating living things. They also explore graphics techniques that emulate phenomena fundamental to biological organisms, such as biomechanics, behavior, growth, and evolution. Topics include modeling and animation of plants, animals, and humans; behavioral animation; communication and interaction with autonomous agents in virtual worlds; and artificial evolution for graphics and animation. Who Should Attend ...
Graduates of Lanzhou University of Technology - the names, photos, skill, job, location. Information on the Lanzhou University of Technology - contacts, students, faculty, finances.
Applying this method of accomplishing this difficult task. However, we must deal with the history of blueberries of having personal eyewitness accounts of an occurrence and does not ask borrowers to offer any asset as security against loans offered. Lenders rely on borrowers profile, evaluated through information such as employment history, income level, recommendations, final payment of any isolated and specific occurrence of the history of blueberries, there has never been a time in history in Boston many years ago. In consequence of the history of blueberries in the history of blueberries of New-Historicism.. Outside of our academic milieu, we again analyze the history of blueberries of the history of blueberries can try to be logical and true. Christian history should reflect our faith, we are today? Again, all this because of our families and friends. We have another responsibility in the history of blueberries. The definition and context of the history of blueberries but much else has ...
blueberries nutrition details. blueberries calories, fat, protein, carbohydrates and vitamins. blueberries recipes, blueberries articles and blueberries videos.
Opening to an excellent $13.6 million, Melissa McCarthy and Sandra Bullocks The Heat burned fellow newcomer White House Down, which only picked up a less-than-expected $9 million. But neither film was enough to topple Monsters University from the No. 1 spot.
The new one starts at the top of my scrawl, with the martyrdom of St.Lawrence by slow roasting, and ends with the Lirey Shroud Mk 2 (produced from the Machy Mould). Unfortunately, it will be too long to go on a single screen, so will have to be divided into two overlapping halves, which meet…
What are fresh blueberries? Our delicious organic blueberries are high in Fibre and Vitamin C and they contain high levels of Antioxidants! One of the many huge benefits of blueberries!
Institut DERMed Anti-Oxidant Peptide Serum formulated with Pro-Coll-One Peptides and Apple Stem Cells to stimulate collagen production and deeply hydrate skin.
Among all types of aging defending products, the use of anti aging blueberries is found most effective. Blueberries strengthen the skin and keep it young.
... is fun, but only if you follow the right steps to ensure a healthy and fruitful plant! Learn about how to plant blueberries here.
食品、飲料與營養保健品 (Suzhou Hope Technology Co., Ltd.) | 食品、飲料與營養保健品一站式進行配方,數據表,物質安全數據表搜索,產品特性和樣品申請 -- 免費使用
Jane Fonda and Lily Tomlin star as Grace and Frankie, two women whose lives are suddenly turned upside down when their husbands reveal they are gay.
If you need more reasons to enjoy blueberries, multiple studies confirm that their superpowers safeguard and enrich various organs to prolong your health and life.
Our staff has spent the better part of the last decade helping to inform the public about breaking news, global developments, and trend forecasts. We believe strongly in the First Amendment as a tool for open ... Read More ...
This is a weird feeling but I cant possibly be the only one who feels it. Today I cleaned a room where I used to have my Lilys things. Her things are no longer...
Garlic (Allium sativum L.) can be infected by several viruses of the genera Allexivirus, Carlavirus, and Potyvirus (3). Garlic common latent virus (GarCLV) and Shallot latent virus (SLV) are the most important Carlavirus species infecting garlic, but only GarCLV has been described on garlic in Brazil. Seven hundred thirty-one samples of garlic showing mosaic symptoms and chlorotic streaking were collected from the states of São Paulo (São Manuel), Minas Gerais (Santa Juliana and São Gotardo), Goiás (Campo Alegre and Ipameri), and Paraná (Guarapuava and Piraquara) from April 2008 to July 2009 and analyzed by double-antibody sandwich (DAS)-ELISA for the presence of GarCLV and SLV using specific antiserum for SLV and GarCLV according to the manufacturers protocol (Agdia Inc., Elkhart, IN). Cultivars sampled were Caçador, Chonan, Ito, Jonas, Quitéria, and Tropical. Fifty-five samples (7.5% of 731) tested positive for GarCLV, and none of the samples tested positive for SLV. Total RNA was ...
Ongaro Organic Skin Care - Nourish your skin with todays best and most highly advanced skin care ingredients. Our Eye Crème contains a new breakthrough in ANTI-AGING TECHNOLOGY using (3) active ingredients. Probiotic Technology, Apple Stem Cells, and Peptides. Made with a base of 100% pure USDA-Certified Organic Aloe Vera versus most skin care products that use water as their base. Our luxurious eye crème is light and fast absorbing and made exclusively for the eye area. We recommend using first thing in the morning and just before bedtime. Does not contain SULFATES, PETROLATUM, MINERAL OIL, PARABENS, or GLUTEN. Proudly manufactured in the United States of America ...
Specific cis-acting sequences within the carlavirus potato virus S (PVS) genomic RNA molecule appear to control gene expression at the translational level. Two sequences have been investigated, the untranslated sequence upstream from the initiation codon of the viral coat protein gene, designated VTE and the 5 untranslated leader sequence from the genomic RNA molecule (PVS 5). In vitro and in vivo, either of these sequences enhance the translation of a downstream open reading frame when provided as the untranslated leader in a transcript molecule. Translational enhancement was also detected at the transgenic plant level. Both PVS sequences were deleted in an attempt to identify the core regulatory element responsible for this translational enhancement phenomenon. Results indicate that in vitro and in vivo, the functional motif is contained within the 5 promixal portion of both sequences. When the sequences of these important regions were compared, a homologous block of nucleotides was ...
A unique double IPA brewed with a crisp Kolsch yeast, German chit malt for a full body, & nearly 4lbs per barrel of German & American hops for a juicy, tropical profile. ABV: 8%Aroma: Piney and citrus hops Flavor: Malty with light citrus notes & pleasant sweetness
Brew Dog Brewing has been getting some press lately for their Tactical Nuclear Penguin (yes, the worlds strongest beer with an ABV of 32%). Until hearing about that beer, I never knew too much about them. They are Scottish, which means something different than all american hops for once. The description on the bottle was reason enough to give it a whirl, "A Postmodern Classic Pale Ale." I had no idea what that can mean in terms of beer, and I think that I wanted to leave my Literary Theory class out of the tavern that night. It was simply to me a lighter IPA, more like an actual pale, with some interesting hops (Ahtanum, Nelson Sauvin and Chinook and Simcoe). It was shared and poured from a 22oz bottle at Olde Eagle Tavern in Manayunk. It was very drinkable with a nice medium body. Its something to drink if you are looking for an end of the night IPA, especially one to talk about to see if you can pick up all the subtle notes lingering throughout ...
In a Newsweek article from June 17, 2002, neuroscientist James Joseph, of Tufts University, made it clear that when it comes to brain protection, theres nothing quite like blueberries, which he calls the "brain berry." Dr. Joseph attributes the blueberrys health benefits to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compounds, and sees its potential for reversing short-term memory loss and forestalling many other effects of aging.. 4. Modern Blueberry Production. Today, the most common variety of blueberry sold in the supermarkets are the "highbush" or "cultivated" blueberries, which grow on tree-sized shrubs that can get as high as fifteen feet tall. The "lowbush," or wild blueberries, grow on small, ankle-high shrubs (only about one foot tall) and are about one-third the size of the cultivated blueberries. The wild blueberries are preferred by people who like the tangy, complex flavor of sweet and sour. The wild blueberries are from a different species than cultivated blueberries, but are part of ...
Question: Are there any new developments regarding oleander leaf scorch?P.D., OrangeAnswer: This devastating disease is being spread throughout Southern California by a type of leafhopper known as
A potent night cream formulated to restore skins essential cells, rebuild the deep skin matrix and reduce oxidative damage for skin that is firmer, more lifted and vibrant. •Apple Stem Cell Extract helps to delay the effects of aging •Peptides enhance collagen and reduce the appearance of deep wrinkles •Glycolic Acid increases collagen production for plumper, fuller skin •Maltobionic Acid and Gluconolactone help repair damage in deep skin layers •Grape seed extract and SuperFruit antioxidant extracts of pomegranate, blueberry, and acai protect against cell aging. This potent SynerG Formula 15.0 takes a multi-mechanistic approach to rejuvenating cellular function and strengthening skins underlying structure with collagen and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). This formulation contains Apple Stem Cell Extract which protects and extends the life of skins own stem cells, helping to delay the effects of aging. Peptides enhance collagen and reduce the appearance of deep
Blueberries, one of natures leading sources of antioxidants, offer myriad health benefits. Scientists have suggested that blueberries, rich in anthocyanins, are reliable healthy aging allies that provide support for cognitive function and memory, support for healthy blood sugar levels and cardiovascular health, and by promoting eye health. Blueberry extract in particular has been reported to improve brain function, promote healthy blood pressure levels, and support healthy inflammatory response.. A pioneer in the manufacture and supply of high quality, identity-true blueberry powders and extracts, FutureCeuticals offers an incomparable range of options through our VitaBlue® line of standardized cultivated and wild blueberry products. Our blueberry products include:. ...
Note (1): Reference for Cyg OB2 objects as follows: b = Cyg OB2 association: brightest stars M = Cyg OB2 association: Massey & Thompson 1991, Cat. J/AJ/101/1408 C = Cyg OB2 association: Comeron et al. (2002A&A...389..874C) stars Note (2): Origin of names: ALS = Reed (1998, Cat. J/ApJS/115/271; 2005, Cat. V/125) CP05 = Comeron & Pasquali (2005A&A...430..541C), [CP2005] NN in Simbad CPR02 = Comeron et al. (2002A&A...389..874C), [CPR2002] ANN in Simbad MT91 = Massey & Thompson 1991, Cat. J/AJ/101/1408, [MT91] NNN in Simbad SMV89 = Straizys et al. 1989VilOB..83....3S, [SMV89] NNN in Simbad SKV-2 = Straizys et al. 1993, Cat. II/196, [SKV93] 2-NNN in Simbad LS02 = Laugalys & Straizys (2002BaltA..11..205L) LSV06-1 = Laugalys et al. (2006BaltA..15..327L) LSV06-22 = Laugalys et al. 2006, Cat. J/BaltA/15/483, Table 2, [LSV2006] Area II NNN in Simbad LSV07 = Laugalys et al. (2007BaltA..16..349L), Cl* Collinder 428 LSV NNN in Simbad VI Cyg = numbers of the Cyg OB2 association stars from Johnson & Morgan ...
OK - now youve got some options. Traditionally, pigs were scalded and scraped to get the bristles and gunk off them. This left the hide on the pig - which was helpful if you were going to salt it down and hang it up to dry. Many traditional cultures would alternatively scorch the bristles by mounding straw over the clean dry pig and setting the pile alight. This works very well too and was preferred by many as they thought it closed up the pores better and made the bacon keep better (see Cobbetts Cottage Economy for example). A modernized form of this is to use a propane roofers torch to burn off the bristles. We do this in the fall when we kill 7-10 pigs at a time simply because we dont have anywhere to hang that many hogs. The skin still really helps keep the meat clean - we scorch them, scrub them really well, gut and halve them and lay them out on a sheet of plastic on a concrete floor which really helps chill them down nicely. Either way you still have the skin on the pig and have to ...
Anti-ageing treatment booties A great way to instantly update pedicure services Includes age-defying ingredient Swiss apple stem Features a host of a…
Dear Friends, This is Lily. She is our beautiful 3 yr old Bullmastiff who adores people. Lily needs your help! She is in liver failure and we her family are unable to pay her ongoing vet bills to help her get better. A little about Lily. She is an ...
Blueberry tea is made from the dried leaves of the blueberry bush. It has a faintly grassy taste and is sometimes flavored with dried blueberries to give...
SS Cigarillos Blueberry 2x30 are machine made cigars made in the United States by Swisher. The 4 7/8x28 mild bodied, cigarillos shaped, blueberry flavor SS Cigarillos Blueberry 2x30 machine made cigars come in convenient 30 packs of 2s for your enjoyment.
This easy recipe is made with blueberries, a cake mix, and lemons, an easy and great tasting recipe for blueberry season, or use frozen blueberries.
Thread in the Lilies forum forum by CindiKS: Hello Lily lovers If I buy pre-chilled bulbs in October, and Im in zone 6 where first freeze is late October...
Blueberries have shown potential to have a positive effect on everything from aging to metabolic syndrome. Now research is examining whether blueberries may curb obesity.
On the 4th of July, in FRANCE, celebrating AMERICA, X made his fabulous ITALIAN bolognese sauce... But he topped it off with Parmesan rinds....yes, rinds. Remember the fabulous Parmesan I blogged about a few weeks ago. Well, we have been eating away on it and unbeknownst to me, he was saving all the pieces of rind. What in the world for? Soup??? noooooo. It is even better than that. He took these small pieces trimmed into 1" lengths (see photo) and slowly sauteed them in a small amount of organic shortening .....He worked on and off the heat for about 30 minutes, being careful not to scorch or burn....on and off the heat is crucial here. These little jewels along with some fresh peppers from the garden, some pasta, and our Tabasco Reserve made for a fabulous dinner. Gave us just what we needed to get our own little concert going......God Bless America. ...
Diuretic foods intensify the extraction of unwanted water content from the body.These foods could help you to scorch the ugly fat in the body by draining out the excess water content.
Counselling in Lily Hospitals provide our patients opportunity to explore, discover and clarify ways of living more resourcefully and with a greater sense of well-being. Our highly skilled Counselors are also concerned with addressing and resolving specific problems, making decisions, coping with crisis, working through conflict, or improving patients relationships with other people around them (friends , family members and work colleagues).. ...
Blog post by scotsgran - I thought it would be quicker to show these all together. Oriental lilies are much loved by florists because their trumpets are upward facing. If you
CORE SpringMeeting25th April 2013Lily Kak on behalf of the GNAPteamLily Kak, USAID (on behalf of the GNAP team)Core Spring MeetingApril 26, 2013
Always upright and beautiful, and mildew-resistant, Chrysanthemum Mei-Kyo has dense foliage which can make it look a little like a boxwood ball.
If youre new here, you may want to subscribe to my RSS feed. Thanks for visiting! A few weeks ago, I spotted Heidis old-fashioned blueberry cake and decided right away that I had to make it. Im pretty much a
The Blueberry Burst is The fruit is a crisp fleshed, sweet fruit,  harvested over 3 - 4 months resulting in a constant supply of delicious,  healthy fruit, filled with anti oxidants.
These little, round blueberries have health benefits that far exceed their small size and are powerful for both the inside and the out. Here are some benefits
Blueberries are packed with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce your risk for cancer, diabetes, heart disease and vision loss.
At Blueberry Hill, we make a real drink with our authentic heavy pour. We support local breweries and pour fresh, tasty pints of local craft beer.
Abel, P. P., Nelson, R. S., De, B., Hoffmann, N., Rogers, S. G., Fraley, R. T., and Beachy, R. N. 1986. Delay of disease development in transgenic plants that express the tobacco mosaic virus coat protein gene. Science 232:738-743. Almeida, A. M. R., Piuga, F. F., Marin, S. R. R., Kitajima, E. W., Gaspar, J. O., Oliveira, T. G., and Moraes, T. G. 2005. Detection and partial characterization of a carlavirus causing stem necrosis of soybean in Brazil. Fitopatol. Bras. 30:191-194.. Almeida, A. M. R., Piuga, F. F., Kitajima, E. W., Gaspar, J. O., Valentin, N., Benato, L. C., Marin, S. R. R., Binneck, E., Oliveira, T. G., Belintani, P., Guerzoni, R. A., Nunes, J., Hoffmann, L., Nora, P. S., Nepomuceno, A. L., Meyer, M. C., and Almeida, L. A. 2003. Necrose da haste da soja. Embrapa Soja: Londrina, PR, Brazil. Aragão, F. J. L., and Faria, J. C. 2009. First transgenic geminivirus-resistant plant in the field. Nat. Biotechnol. 27:1086-1088.. Aragão, F. J. L., and Faria, J. C. 2010. Proposta de ...
Natural News) As one of the most popular food product in the country, youve undoubtedly come across or even eaten blueberries. These not-quite-tart, not-quite-sweet fruits have been used as a core ingredient in pies, muffins, pancakes, ice cream, and salads. If by some chance youve never tried blueberries then you definitely should. Making blueberries a part of your diet will do your body nothing but good, and heres how:. 1. Blueberries are an excellent source of antioxidants -Blueberries have been ranked as one of the best sources of antioxidants, particularly the flavonoid, anthocyanins. These unique plant pigments have been linked to a wide array of health benefits that range from maintaining cholesterol levels to supporting healthy heart function.. 2. Blueberries are abundant in many other nutrients - Apart from being exceptional sources of antioxidants, blueberries can be counted on to help you meet your daily vitamin and mineral requirements. Eating just one cup or 148 g of blueberries ...
The month almost slipped away before I realized July is blueberry month.Recently, when I noticed baskets of beautiful blueberries in the supermarket, I could almost taste a blueberry dessert or maybe some tasty muffins.I started looking through some of my cookbooks. I found recipes for fresh blueberry pie, a bread pudding made with blueberry pancakes, a blueberry coffeecake, muffins, cookies made with blueberry preserves and many more exciting possibilities.Then I looked in the cookbook that
This is the one I was most excited to try. Ive never experienced a blueberry snus, the only one I know of is made by GN Tobacco for the Russian market, but Ive never been able to get ahold of a can. Epok Blueberry comes in the long/slim format. Use caution when fluffing them, I tried to roll the pouches in my fingers to distribute the tobacco more evenly and the pouches open up rather easily. When you open the can, the "clean" aroma of the white tobacco comes through (its very hard to explain, you have to try one of these products to know what Im talking about), paired with a very fruity blueberry smell. I really enjoyed the taste of this one. The blueberry taste is front and center, very fresh and fruity, and not too sweet. The clean/washed flavor of the white tobacco is present, but I find that the blueberry taste balances it out quite well. This is one that I would definitely order again ...
Wildfires have scorched over 44,000 hectares in 18 Russian regions, the Federal Aerial Forest Protection Service (Avialesokhrana) said in a statement on Saturday, adding that 155 forest fires had been extinguished in the previous 24 hours. As of...
It has been estimated that approximately one hundred trillion bacteria colonize the human intestine. Thats about ten times the number of cells that constitute the entire human body. These bacteria are believed to have a mutualistic symbiotic relationship with their hosts. What is known about the viral communities that inhabit our alimentary tract?. The vast majority of DNA viruses in the human gut are bacteriophages, which infect the resident bacteria. The most plentiful RNA viruses in our feces are plant viruses, and the most abundant is pepper mild mottle virus (PMMV). This plant virus is present at high levels, up to 109 virions per gram. The virus has been identified in 12 of 18 fecal specimens taken from healthy humans in the USA and Singapore.. Pepper mild mottle virus is present worldwide in field-grown peppers. It is composed of an RNA genome wrapped with many copies of a viral protein that forms a rod-like particle with helical symmetry (pictured). The origin of PMMV in human feces is ...
Bacterial leaf scorch (BLS) is an infectious disease that spreads systemically and causes a slow decline and death of the tree. The disease is caused by the bacterium Xylella fastidiosa. Although BLS was mainly found in eastern and southern states, it is now now frequent in western Kentucky and Indiana. Last summer, we confirmed six cases on pin oaks in cen-tral Illinois. A case on shingle oak was also confirmed in Springfield. The bacterial pathogen cannot be iso-lated in the lab like most bacteria. It can be confirmed using serological techniques. Because our lab is not equipped for this test, we refer people to private labs. One nearby lab is AGDIA, Inc., in Elkhardt, Indiana.. Frequent hosts in the United States include elm, oak, sycamore, mulberry, sweetgum, sugar maple, and red maple. As stated, however, oak seems to be our most common host in Illinois. Look for scorch symp-toms that occur in early summer to midsummer and then intensify in late summer. The scorched leaf edges or tissue ...
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The water lily comes from the family Nymphaeacaea. It comes from the Greek for "nymph." In Greek legends, nymphs were protectors of springs and rivers. It is a fitting name since the water lily thrives in ponds and streams. The roots dig deep into the ground beneath the water, while the leaves float on the surface. The leaves are called lily pads, and the flower of the water lily will rest on the lily pad or even rise inches above it out of the water. The flower of the water lily has numerous petals that fan out and can be found in many colors. There are over 70 species of water lily.. ...
Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) causes significant losses in many economically important crops. Contaminated soils may play roles as reservoirs and sources of transmission for TMV. In this study we report the development of an immunocapture real-time RT-PCR (IC-real-time RT-PCR) assay for direct detection of TMV in soils without RNA isolation. A series of TMV infected leaf sap dilutions of 1:101, 1:102, 1:103, 1:104, 1:105 and 1:106 (w/v, g/mL) were added to one gram of soil. The reactivity of DAS-ELISA and conventional RT-PCR was in the range of 1:102 and 1:103 dilution in TMV-infested soils, respectively. Meanwhile, the detection limit of IC-real-time RT-PCR sensitivity was up to 1:106 dilution. However, in plant sap infected by TMV, both IC-real-time RT-PCR and real-time RT-PCR were up to 1:106 dilution, DAS-ELISA could detect at least 1:103 dilution. IC-real-time RT-PCR method can use either plant sample extracts or cultivated soils, and show higher sensitivity than RT-PCR and DAS-ELISA for detection of
Als Virus-Taxonomie bezeichnet man die international verbindliche Benennung von Viren, Virusfamilien und -gattungen. Die Entscheidung über verschiedene Taxa wird von einem internationalen Gremium, dem International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV), beraten und getroffen. Die Virus-Taxonomie ist ein an die Taxonomien von Pflanzen und Tieren angelehnter Versuch, die Vielfalt viraler und subviraler Entitäten (auch Prionen und Retrotransposons) systematisch und einheitlich zu ordnen. Sie darf nicht mit der weiter gefassten Virusklassifikation verwechselt werden, bei der verschiedene Eigenschaften von Viren zur Einteilung herangezogen werden können (zum Beispiel nur Genomstruktur, Baltimore-Klassifikation, Wirtsspecies, Übertragungsart etc.). In der offiziellen Veröffentlichung des ICTV (Stand März 2019, Master Species List 2018b.v2)[1] finden sich etliche sonst übliche Bezeichnungen nicht, da über deren taxonomische Zuordnung noch keine einheitliche Meinung gefunden werden konnte. ...
Chen, J.; Shi, Y.-H.; Lu, Y.-W.; Adams, M. J.; Chen, J.-P. (9 June 2006). "Narcissus symptomless virus: a new carlavirus of ... NeLV was first described in 1972 In 2004 it was placed in the new family, Flexiviridae in 20004, within the Carlavirus genus. ... When that family was divided up in 2009, Carlavirus and NeLV were placed in the Betaflexiviridae. Narcissus symptomless virus ... Wylie SJ, Jones MGK (2012) Complete genome sequences of seven carlavirus and potyvirus isolates on Narcissus and Hippeastrum ...
NSV was isolated and proposed as a new species of genus Carlavirus by Chen et al. in 2006 and proposed to the ICTV as an update ... Chen, J.; Shi, Y.-H.; Lu, Y.-W.; Adams, M. J.; Chen, J.-P. (9 June 2006). "Narcissus symptomless virus: a new carlavirus of ... Remove (abolish) the species Narcissus symptomless virus in the genus Carlavirus, family Betaflexiviridae. 2012 Narcissus ...
This Carlavirus should not be confused with the similarly named Narcissus latent virus which is a Macluravirus, and is ... BRUNT, A. A. (December 1977). "Some hosts and properties of narcissus latent virus, a carlavirus commonly infecting narcissus ... Martelli, Giovanni P.; Saldarelli, Pasquale (2012). "Carlavirus". In Tidona, Christian; Gholamreza, Darai. The Springer index ... Uniprot NcLaVgp1 USDA EPPO Global Database ICTVdB Index of Viruses: Carlavirus. ...
... e), the Potyvirus passionfruit woodiness virus, and the Carlavirus Passiflora latent virus. A number of species of ...
"Evidence that whitefly-transmitted cowpea mild mottle virus belongs to the genus Carlavirus". Archives of Virology. 143 (4): ... "First Report of Cowpea Mild Mottle Carlavirus on Yardlong Bean (Vigna unguiculata subsp. Sesquipedalis) in Venezuela". Viruses ...
... (CLV, or Carlavirus) is a plant pathogenic virus of the family Betaflexiviridae. ICTVdB - The Universal ...
LVX is distinguishable from lily symptomless carlavirus (LSV) by serological tests, such as immunogold labeling tests. The LVX ... Homologies between the genomes of a carlavirus (lily symptomless virus) and a potexvirus (lily virus X) from lily plants. ... Homologies between the genomes of a carlavirus (lily symptomless virus) and a potexvirus (lily virus X) from lily plants. ...
The TGB proteins are conserved among the Allexivirus, Carlavirus, Foveavirus, Furovirus, Hordeivirus, Pecluvirus, Pomovirus and ...
It is one of two strains to specifically affect Helenium hybrids, the other strain being Helenium virus S, a carlavirus. The ...
... sequence of two Korean isolates of Daphne virus S support its placement as a distinct species of the genus Carlavirus". ...
This Macluravirus should not be confused with the similarly named Narcissus common latent virus which is a Carlavirus, and is ...
Carlavirus Aconitum latent virus American hop latent virus Blueberry scorch virus Butterbur mosaic virus Cactus virus 2 Caper ...
C2likevirus C5likevirus Cafeteriavirus Capillovirus Capripoxvirus Cardiovirus Cardoreovirus Carlavirus Carmovirus Caulimovirus ...
Carlavirus Aconitum latent virus American hop latent virus Blueberry scorch virus Butterbur mosaic virus Cactus virus 2 Caper ...
... Group', and as the genus Carlavirus in 1995 (6th report). In 2005 (8th report) it was placed in the Flexiviridae ... Carlavirus, formerly known as the "Carnation latent virus group", is a genus of viruses in the order Tymovirales, in the family ... Carlavirus is described in the 9th report of the ICTV (2009). The genus is characterised by having six ORFs (Open Reading ... "Carlavirus Isolation and RNA Extraction." Foster, Gary D. and Sally C. Taylorin. Plant Virology Protocols: From Virus Isolation ...
Carlavirus Group, and as the genus Carlavirus in 1995 (6th report). In 2005 (8th report) it was placed in the Flexiviridae ... Carlavirus, formerly known as the "Carnation latent virus group", is a genus of viruses in the order Tymovirales, in the family ... Carlavirus is described in the 9th report of the ICTV (2009). The genus is characterised by having six ORFs (Open Reading ... "Carlavirus Isolation and RNA Extraction." Foster, Gary D. and Sally C. Taylorin. Plant Virology Protocols: From Virus Isolation ...
... R. C. Larsen , USDA, ARS, Prosser WA 99350, E- ... First Report of Red Clover Vein Mosaic Carlavirus Naturally Infecting Lentil. September 1998 , Volume 82 , Number 9. Pages ... Recently, lentil was also found to be infected experimentally with red clover vein mosaic carlavirus (RCVMV) (1). The virus is ... and pea streak carlavirus (PeSV) by standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) protocols. Antiserum for RCVMV was made ...
Pea streak virus (PeSV) is a member of the genus Carlavirus in the family Betaflexiviridae. Here, the first complete genome ... The complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of pea streak virus (genus Carlavirus).. Su, L., Li, Z.N., Bernard, M ... genus Carlavirus)., Archives of Virology, 160(7). doi : 10.1007/s00705-015-2467-2 Access to full text ...
... genus Carlavirus ), Archives of Virology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands ... The complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of red clover vein mosaic virus (genus Carlavirus ). Larsen, Richard; ... The complete nucleotide sequence and genome organization of red clover vein mosaic virus (genus Carlavirus ). The complete ... Identification and characterization of a carlavirus causing veinal necrosis of coleus. Mollov, DS; Hayslette, MC; Eichstaedt, ...
Carlavirus. * [0020] The present invention also relates to detecting target nucleic acid sequences (and mutations therein) in ...
Als Virus-Taxonomie bezeichnet man die international verbindliche Benennung von Viren, Virusfamilien und -gattungen. Die Entscheidung über verschiedene Taxa wird von einem internationalen Gremium, dem International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV), beraten und getroffen. Die Virus-Taxonomie ist ein an die Taxonomien von Pflanzen und Tieren angelehnter Versuch, die Vielfalt viraler und subviraler Entitäten (auch Prionen und Retrotransposons) systematisch und einheitlich zu ordnen. Sie darf nicht mit der weiter gefassten Virusklassifikation verwechselt werden, bei der verschiedene Eigenschaften von Viren zur Einteilung herangezogen werden können (zum Beispiel nur Genomstruktur, Baltimore-Klassifikation, Wirtsspecies, Übertragungsart etc.). In der offiziellen Veröffentlichung des ICTV (Stand März 2019, Master Species List 2018b.v2)[1] finden sich etliche sonst übliche Bezeichnungen nicht, da über deren taxonomische Zuordnung noch keine einheitliche Meinung gefunden werden konnte. ...
Carlavirus. Genus. Citrivirus. Genus. Foveavirus. Genus. Trichovirus. Genus. Vitivirus. Family. Gammaflexiviridae. Genus. ...
... potato S carlavirus antiserum [potato virus S antiserum] Application: Plant research ... Carlavirus Deposited As potato carlavirus S Agent potato virus S Strain potato S carlavirus antiserum [potato virus S antiserum ...
Carlavirus:. carnation latent virus. Plants. Closterovirus:. beet yellows virus. Plants. Comoviridae:. Comovirus. cowpea mosaic ...
Potex/carlavirus coat protein (IPR000052) Pfam signature: PF00286 Sodium/potassium-transporting ATPase subunit beta (IPR000402 ... Carlavirus nucleic acid-binding protein (IPR002568) Pfam signature: PF01623 ...
Genus: Carlavirus Species: Helenium virus S Name[edit]. Helenium virus S References[edit]. *ICTV Virus taxonomy 2014 ...
Genus Carlavirus; Cowpea mild mottle virus (CpMMV). Cowpea mosaic. Genus Comovirus; Cowpea mosaic virus (CPMV). Cowpea mottle. ...
1996) A carlavirus‐specific PCR primer and partial nucleotide sequence provides further evidence for the recognition of cowpea ... Koenig R (1982) Carlavirus Group. CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses, No. 259. Warwickshire, UK: Association of Applied ... Brunt AA (1995) Genus Carlavirus. In: Murphy FA, Fauquet CM, Bishop DHL et al. (eds) Virus Taxonomy. Sixth Report of the ... Organisation of the genomic RNA of a carlavirus. Met, methyltransferase; A, AlkB domain; O, OTu‐like peptidase; P, papain‐like ...
Sequence Analysis of a New Carlavirus that Infects Verbena x hybrida - Kraus, J., Ioannis, T.E., Putnam, M.L., Martin, R.R. ... Sequence analysis of a new Carlavirus that infects Verbena x hybrida. Phytopathology. 97. Available: http://meeting.apsnet.org/ ...
Chen, J.; Shi, Y.-H.; Lu, Y.-W.; Adams, M. J.; Chen, J.-P. (9 June 2006). "Narcissus symptomless virus: a new carlavirus of ... NeLV was first described in 1972 In 2004 it was placed in the new family, Flexiviridae in 20004, within the Carlavirus genus. ... When that family was divided up in 2009, Carlavirus and NeLV were placed in the Betaflexiviridae. Narcissus symptomless virus ... Wylie SJ, Jones MGK (2012) Complete genome sequences of seven carlavirus and potyvirus isolates on Narcissus and Hippeastrum ...
However two viruses, Potato virus S (Genus Carlavirus; PVS) and Potato virus X (Genus Potexvirus; PVX), were recently found in ...
EFFECT OF RED CLOVER VEIN MOSAIC CARLAVIRUS INFECTION ON SEED PRODUCTION AND BIOMASS YIELD IN CHICKPEA. - ... Effect of red clover vein mosaic carlavirus infection on seed production and biomass yield in chickpea. Phytopathology. 90:S45 ...
Carlavirus, Betaflexiviridae), Southern tomato virus (Amalgavirus, Amalgamaviridae) and henbane mosaic virus in the sample. The ... Carlavirus, Betaflexiviridae), Southern tomato virus (Amalgavirus, Amalgamaviridae) and henbane mosaic virus in the sample. The ... genus Carlavirus, family Betaflexiviridae) and potato virus M (PVM, genus Carlavirus, family Betaflexiviridae). ELISA was ... The presence of virus particles matching carlavirus morphology was confirmed by TEM. After the initial mechanical inoculation ...
Poplar mosaic carlavirus. Zakrpatenosť slivky1). Prune dwarf ilarvirus. Nekrotická krúžkovitosť višne1). Prunus necrotic ...
Serological and RT-PCR detection of cowpea mild mottle carlavirus infecting soybean ...
RNA viral metagenome of whiteflies leads to the discovery and characterization of a whitefly-transmitted carlavirus in North ...
Wylie SJ, Jones MGK (2012) Complete genome sequences of seven carlavirus and potyvirus isolates from Narcissus and Hippeastrum ... Brunt AA (1977) Some hosts and properties of narcissus latent virus, a carlavirus commonly infecting narcissus and bulbous iris ...
Pea stunt virus + Red clover vein mosaic carlavirus. *Peach rosette mosaic nepovirus ...
Cowpea mild mottle virus (CPMMV). CPMMV (family Betaflexiviridae, genus Carlavirus) is a filamentous (Fig. 17) virus, ~650 nm ... Mosaico angular do feijoeiro Jalo causado por um "carlavirus" transmitido pela mosca branca Bemisia tabaci. Fitopatol. Bras. 8: ... Detection and partial characterization of a carlavirus causing stem necrosis of soybean in Brazil. Fitopatol. Bras. 30:191-194. ...
Flexiviridae and the genus Carlavirus [1]. Typically,. carlaviruses are rod-shaped viruses with a positive, singlestrand. RNA ...
  • When that family was divided up in 2009, Carlavirus and NeLV were placed in the Betaflexiviridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • A field tomato plant with severe necrotic symptoms of unknown etiology was sampled in Slovenia and high-throughput sequencing analysis using small RNA and ribosomal RNA depleted total RNA approaches revealed a mixed infection with Potato virus M ( Carlavirus , Betaflexiviridae ), Southern tomato virus ( Amalgavirus , Amalgamaviridae ) and henbane mosaic virus in the sample. (frontiersin.org)
  • When the sequences of these important regions were compared, a homologous block of nucleotides was identified, a block which is also highly conserved within the 5' untranslated leader of another carlavirus, blueberry scorch virus (BBScV). (le.ac.uk)
  • In addition to the function of translational enhancement, the VTE sequence, and a parallel sequence from another carlavirus, Helenium virus S (HelVS), direct internal ribosome entry and initiation of translation in vivo in a prokaryotic system and in vitro in a eukaryotic system, respectively. (le.ac.uk)
  • Bait plants were harvested in August, and 204 random samples were tested for PEMV, RCVMV, BLRV, alfalfa mosaic alfamovirus (AMV), and pea streak carlavirus (PeSV) by standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) protocols. (apsnet.org)
  • The only virus described to infect H. brasiliensis until now is a Carlavirus , which was described more than 30 years ago. (biomedcentral.com)
  • aunque se han realizado pocos estudios sobre la biología, distribución y patogenicidad de dichos virus en Colombia, siendo especialmente escasa la información referente al PVS. (bvsalud.org)
  • Los resultados indicaron una detección promedio del virus en el 40% de las 320 muestras analizadas, con zonas como el Oriente cercano de Antioquia (49%) y Pasto (Nariño) (47%), donde se detectó en mayor proporción el virus. (bvsalud.org)
  • Estos hallazgos indican que es imperativo el fortalecimiento de los programas de certificación de semilla y vigilancia cuarentenaria en el país, especialmente para virus como el PVS, que aunque puede ser asintomático, causa pérdidas hasta del 20% en cultivos de papa. (bvsalud.org)