Carica: A plant genus of the family Caricaceae, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is the source of edible fruit and PAPAIN.Ficus: A plant genus of the family MORACEAE. It is the source of the familiar fig fruit and the latex from this tree contains FICAIN.Chymopapain: A cysteine endopeptidase isolated from papaya latex. Preferential cleavage at glutamic and aspartic acid residues. EC 3.4.22.6.Sperm Immobilizing Agents: Chemical substances with sperm immobilizing activity used as topically administered vaginal contraceptives.Vernonia: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain germacrane and sesquiterpene LACTONES.Contraceptive Agents, Male: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in males. Use for male contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Papain: A proteolytic enzyme obtained from Carica papaya. It is also the name used for a purified mixture of papain and CHYMOPAPAIN that is used as a topical enzymatic debriding agent. EC 3.4.22.2.Ficain: A sulfhydryl proteinase with cysteine at the active site from ficus latex. Preferential cleavage is at tyrosine and phenylalanine residues. EC 3.4.22.3.Loranthaceae: The showy mistletoe plant family of the order Santalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. This includes parasitic tropical plants with haustoria connecting to the hosts. The leaves are opposite and thick. The flowers (4-7) have both calyx and corolla. The fruit is a berry with one seed.Benzoylarginine Nitroanilide: A chromogenic substrate that permits direct measurement of peptide hydrolase activity, e.g., papain and trypsin, by colorimetry. The substrate liberates p-nitroaniline as a chromogenic product.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Rubber: A high-molecular-weight polymeric elastomer derived from the milk juice (LATEX) of HEVEA brasiliensis and other trees and plants. It is a substance that can be stretched at room temperature to at least twice its original length and after releasing the stress, retract rapidly, and recover its original dimensions fully.Chloroform: A commonly used laboratory solvent. It was previously used as an anesthetic, but was banned from use in the U.S. due to its suspected carcinogenicity.Cercopithecidae: The family of Old World monkeys and baboons consisting of two subfamilies: CERCOPITHECINAE and COLOBINAE. They are found in Africa and part of Asia.Information Centers: Facilities for collecting and organizing information. They may be specialized by subject field, type of source material, persons served, location, or type of services.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Captan: One of the phthalimide fungicides.Plant Somatic Embryogenesis Techniques: The process of embryo initiation in culture from vegetative, non-gametic, sporophytic, or somatic plant cells.National Health Planning Information Center (U.S.): A center in the HEALTH RESOURCES ADMINISTRATION Division of Planning Methods and Technology which provides access to current information on health planning and resources development.Tissue Engineering: Generating tissue in vitro for clinical applications, such as replacing wounded tissues or impaired organs. The use of TISSUE SCAFFOLDING enables the generation of complex multi-layered tissues and tissue structures.Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.PakistanSagittaria: A plant genus of the family ALISMATACEAE that grows in salty marshes and is used for phytoremediation of oil spills. The unisexual flowers have 3 sepals and 3 petals. Members contain trifoliones (DITERPENES).Araliaceae: The ginseng plant family of the order Apiales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. Leaves are generally alternate, large, and compound. Flowers are five-parted and arranged in compound flat-topped umbels. The fruit is a berry or (rarely) a drupe (a one-seeded fruit). It is well known for plant preparations used as adaptogens (immune support and anti-fatigue).Inflorescence: A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.Pollination: The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).Ulmus: A plant genus of the family ULMACEAE that is susceptible to Dutch elm disease which is caused by the ASCOMYCOTA fungus, Ophiostoma.Tannins: Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.Wine: Fermented juice of fresh grapes or of other fruit or plant products used as a beverage.Vitis: A plant genus in the family VITACEAE, order Rhamnales, subclass Rosidae. It is a woody vine cultivated worldwide. It is best known for grapes, the edible fruit and used to make WINE and raisins.Tymoviridae: A family of icosahedral, non-enveloped, RNA plant viruses comprised of three genera: TYMOVIRUS, Marafivirus and Maculavirus.CaliforniaContusions: Injuries resulting in hemorrhage, usually manifested in the skin.Lawsonia Plant: A plant genus of the family LYTHRACEAE that is the source of henna and has cytotoxic activity.Wasps: Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.Opuntia: A plant genus of the family CACTACEAE. Species with cylindrical joints are called Cholla; flat jointed ones are Prickly-pear.ChicagoCrassulaceae: The stonecrop plant family of the order ROSALES, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida that grow in warm, dry regions. The leaves are thick. The flower clusters are red, yellow, or white.Radio: The transmission and reception of electric impulses or signals by means of electric waves without a connecting wire, or the use of these waves for the wireless transmission of electric impulses into which sound is converted. (From Webster's 3d)Music: Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.Music Therapy: The use of music as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of neurological, mental, or behavioral disorders.Gentian Violet: A dye that is a mixture of violet rosanilinis with antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic properties.MP3-Player: Portable electronics device for storing and playing audio and or media files. MP3 for MPEG-1 audio layer 3, is a digital coding format.Vocalization, Animal: Sounds used in animal communication.Asimina: A plant genus of the family ANNONACEAE. It has edible fruit and seeds which contain asitrocin, asitrilobins, and other tetrahydrofuran acetogenins.Latex: A milky, product excreted from the latex canals of a variety of plant species that contain cauotchouc. Latex is composed of 25-35% caoutchouc, 60-75% water, 2% protein, 2% resin, 1.5% sugar & 1% ash. RUBBER is made by the removal of water from latex.(From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed). Hevein proteins are responsible for LATEX HYPERSENSITIVITY. Latexes are used as inert vehicles to carry antibodies or antigens in LATEX FIXATION TESTS.Viridiplantae: A monophyletic group of green plants that includes all land plants (EMBRYOPHYTA) and all green algae (CHLOROPHYTA and STREPTOPHYTA).Caricaceae: A plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.Embryophyta: Higher plants that live primarily in terrestrial habitats, although some are secondarily aquatic. Most obtain their energy from PHOTOSYNTHESIS. They comprise the vascular and non-vascular plants.Streptophyta: A phylum of green plants comprising CHAROPHYCEAE (streptophyte green algae) and EMBRYOPHYTA (land plants).Tropaeolum: A plant genus of the family TROPAEOLACEAE. The common nasturtium is a plant that grows 2.4-3.6 m (8-12 feet) tall and has funnel-shaped flowers that are commonly yellow-orange with red spots or stripes and have a long spur that contains sweet nectar. Some species in this genus are called watercress which is also a common name for RORIPPA and NASTURTIUM.

Effect of papaya seed extract on microenvironment of cauda epididymis. (1/108)

AIM: To evaluate the effect of aqueous Carica papaya seed extract on microenvironment of cauda epididymis. METHODS: Adult male albino rats were intramuscularly administered with 0 (control) or 0.5 mg papaya seed extract/kg body weight for 7 days. Cauda epididymal tubular content was collected by micropuncture technique; epididymal luminal fluid and sperm pellets were separately analyzed. RESULTS: The results revealed that the extract treatment caused significant reduction, as compared with control, in total protein and sialic acid contents in both epididymal fluid and sperm pellet. As compared with control, significantly lowered acid phosphatase activity was recorded in sperm pellet but was higher in epididymal fluid after the treatment. The extract treatment also caused significant reduction in level of inorganic phosphorus in the epididymal fluid. CONCLUSION: It is concluded that the aqueous papaya seed extract alters cauda epididymal microenvironment.  (+info)

Comparative reactions of recombinant papaya ringspot viruses with chimeric coat protein (CP) genes and wild-type viruses on CP-transgenic papaya. (2/108)

Transgenic papaya cultivars SunUp and Rainbow express the coat protein (CP) gene of the mild mutant of papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) HA. Both cultivars are resistant to PRSV HA and other Hawaii isolates through homology-dependent resistance via post-transcriptional gene silencing. However, Rainbow, which is hemizygous for the CP gene, is susceptible to PRSV isolates from outside Hawaii, while the CP-homozygous SunUp is resistant to most isolates but susceptible to the YK isolate from Taiwan. To investigate the role of CP sequence similarity in overcoming the resistance of Rainbow, PRSV HA recombinants with various CP segments of the YK isolate were constructed and evaluated on Rainbow, SunUp and non-transgenic papaya. Non-transgenic papaya were severely infected by all recombinants, but Rainbow plants developed a variety of symptoms. On Rainbow, a recombinant with the entire CP gene of YK caused severe symptoms, while recombinants with only partial YK CP sequences produced a range of milder symptoms. Interestingly, a recombinant with a YK segment from the 5' region of the CP gene caused very mild, transient symptoms, whereas recombinants with YK segments from the middle and 3' parts of the CP gene caused prominent and lasting symptoms. SunUp was resistant to all but two recombinants, which contained the entire CP gene or the central and 3'-end regions of the CP gene and the 3' non-coding region of YK, and the resulting symptoms were mild. It is concluded that the position of the heterologous sequences in the recombinants influences their pathogenicity on Rainbow.  (+info)

In vitro antimalarial activity of extracts of three plants used in the traditional medicine of India. (3/108)

In an attempt to search for new antimalarial drugs, we studied plants used by traditional healers of southwest India to treat malaria. Aqueous and organic solvent extracts obtained from specific parts of the plants Swertia chirata, Carica papaya, and Citrus sinensis were tested on malaria strain Plasmodium falciparum FCK 2 in vitro. The temperatures of extraction were the same as that used by the traditional healers in their plant preparations. Visual evaluation of the antimalarial activity of the plant extracts on thin blood smears was followed by quantification of the activity by use of [35S]-methionine incorporation into parasite proteins to determine the value that inhibits 50% (IC50). Among the 3 plants tested, 2 had significant inhibitory effect on P. falciparum in vitro.  (+info)

Chloroform extract of Carica papaya seeds induces long-term reversible azoospermia in langur monkey. (4/108)

AIM: To evaluate the antifertility activity of the chloroform extract of Carica papaya seeds by oral administration in langur monkey, Presbytis entellus entellus. METHODS: The chloroform extract of Carica papaya seeds, 50 mg/kg/day, was administered orally for 360 days to adult male langur monkeys. The sperm characteristics by light and electron microscopy, the sperm functional tests, the semen biochemistry, the serum testosterone level, the Leydig cell function, and the histology and ultrastructure of testis were determined to evaluate the antifertility activity and the blood biochemistry and hematology, to evaluate the toxicology. RESULTS: The extract gradually decreased the sperm concentration since days 30-60 of treatment with a total inhibition of sperm motility, a decrease in sperm viability and increase in sperm abnormality. Azoospermia was observed after day 90 of treatment and continued during the whole treatment period. Treatment withdrawal resulted in a gradual recovery in these parameters and 150 days later they reverted to nearly the pretreatment values. Morphological observation of the ejaculated sperm by light and scanning electron microscopy showed deleterious changes, particularly on the mid-piece. Sperm functional tests, viz., sperm mitochondrial activity index, acrosome intactness test and hypo-osmotic swelling test scored in the infertile range during treatment and returned to the fertile values 150 days after drug withdrawal. Histology of the testis revealed shrunken tubules, germ cell atrophy and normal Leydig cells. Ultrastructure of the testis showed vacuolization in the cytoplasm of Sertoli cells and germ cells. Loss of cytoplasmic organelles were evident in the spermatocytes and spermatids. Round spermatids showed loss of Golgi bodies, peripheral mitochondria and vacuolated cytoplasm, indicating maturational arrest. Leydig cell functional test indicated a mild inhibition of steroidogenic function. Haematology and serum biochemistry study disclosed no significant toxicological effect and the serum testosterone level was not affected. CONCLUSION: Carica papaya seed extract may selectively act on the developing germ cells, possibly mediated via Sertoli cells, leading to azoospermia.  (+info)

Effect of papaya seed extract on contractile response of cauda epididymal tubules. (5/108)

AIM: To evaluate the administration of Carica papaya seed extract on the contractility of cauda epididymal tubules in male rats. METHODS: Adult male albino rats were administered intramuscularly papaya seed extract at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg/day for 7 days. Animals were killed, cauda epididymal tubules of 5 cm length were isolated and the contractile response to different concentrations of adrenalin (1-500 microg/25mL) was examined. In another group of animals, the contractile response was assayed 3 months after withdrawal of the treatment. RESULTS: Papaya seed extract brought about a significant decrease in the contractile response of epididymal tubules as compared with the control. After three months of papaya withdrawal, a nearly normal pattern of contraction was regained. CONCLUSION: Papaya seed treatment reversibly reduces the contractile response of cauda epididymal tubules.  (+info)

On the evolution and molecular epidemiology of the potyvirus Papaya ringspot virus. (6/108)

The potyvirus Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV) is found throughout the tropics and subtropics. Its P biotype is a devastating pathogen of papaya crops and its W biotype of cucurbits. PRSV-P is thought to arise by mutation from PRSV-W. However, the relative impact of mutation and movement on the structure of PRSV populations is not well characterized. To investigate this, we have determined the coat protein sequences of isolates of both biotypes of PRSV from Vietnam (50), Thailand (13), India (1) and the Philippines (1), and analysed them together with 28 PRSV sequences already published, so that we can better understand the molecular epidemiology and evolution of PRSV. In Thailand, variation was greater among PRSV-W isolates (mean nucleotide divergence 7.6%) than PRSV-P isolates (mean 2.6%), but in Vietnamese populations the P and W biotypes were more but similarly diverse. Phylogenetic analyses of PRSV also involving its closest known relative, Moroccan watermelon mosaic virus, indicate that PRSV may have originated in Asia, particularly in the Indian subcontinent, as PRSV populations there are most diverse and hence have probably been present longest. Our analyses show that mutation, together with local and long-distance movement, contributes to population variation, and also confirms an earlier conclusion that populations of the PRSV-P biotype have evolved on several occasions from PRSV-W populations.  (+info)

Effect of dried fruits of Carica papaya Linn on hepatotoxicity. (7/108)

Ethanol and aqueous extracts of Carica papaya has been evaluated for its anti hepatotoxic activity. The ethanol and aqueous extracts of Carica papaya showed remarkable hepatoprotective activity against CCl(4) induced hepatotoxicity. The activity was evaluated by using biochemical parameters such as serum aspartate amino transferase (AST), alanine amino transferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase, total bilirubin and gamma glutamate transpeptidase (GGTP). The histopathological changes of liver sample was compared with respect to control.  (+info)

Comparison of cross inoculation potential of South African avocado and mango isolates of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. (8/108)

Three hundred and eighteen Colletotrichum gloeosporioides isolates from stem-end rot and anthracnose infected avocados as well as from stem-end rot/anthracnose and soft brown rot on mango, were compared using fruit inoculations. Isolates could be categorised according to lesion size and both avocado and mango isolates produced larger lesions when inoculated on their own hosts. Cross-inoculation potential of these isolates was also compared on strawberries, peppers, guavas, papayas and citrus. All isolates produced lesions on all hosts except citrus. Factors such as area of origin and symptom type from which original isolations were made, could not be correlated with lesion development on these hosts.  (+info)

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Papaya leaf extract might also be a benefit for gastric ulcers, according to research published in "The West Indian Medical Journal" in September 2008. Researchers found that papaya leaf extract avoided gastric ulcers in rats compared to the control group. Even more, the rats pre-treated with papaya leaf showed less oxidative stress in their blood, suggesting that papaya leaf tea had a strong systemic antioxidant impact.. Scientist associated the decrease in ulcer formation and oxidative stress- at least in part- to an increase in glutathione peroxidase activity- an essential antioxidant function that prevents totally free radical-damage in the body.. Papaya leaf extract protected versus gastric ulcer in a research study on laboratory animals published in the September 2008 issue of the "West Indian Medical Journal." In the research study, papaya leaf extract minimized ulcer seriousness and revealed strong antioxidant results.. Papaya leaf extract likewise decreased oxidized lipids and increased ...
Dyslipidemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Dyslipidemia is characterized by abnormalities in blood lipid profiles. This study aims to determine the effect of ethanol extract of papaya seeds (Carica papaya L.) on lipid profile parameters, namely total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein), and HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) dyslipidemia in rats This study examination of characteristic, . phytochemical screening of simplicia and ethanol extract of papaya seeds, and testing of ethanol extract of papaya seeds on lipid profile. This study uses an experimental method with post-test only control group design with 20 Wistar rats were then divided randomly into 5 groups. Ethanol extract of papaya seeds administered orally at a dose of 200 mg/kg bw and 400 mg/kg bw. Simvastatin dose of 0.9 mg/kg bw administered orally as a positive control. Quail egg yolk 1% body weight and propylthiouracil dose of 9 mg/kg bw administered orally as a control for comparison. ...
Carica papaya L. leaves have been used in ethnomedicine for the treatment of fevers and cancers. Despite its benefits, very few studies on their potential toxicity have been described. The aim of the present study was to characterize the chemical composition of the leaf extract from Sekaki C. papaya cultivar by UPLC-TripleTOF-ESI-MS and to investigate the sub-acute oral toxicity in Sprague Dawley rats at doses of 0.01, 0.14 and 2 g/kg by examining the general behavior, clinical signs, hematological parameters, serum biochemistry and histopathology changes. A total of twelve compounds consisting of one piperidine alkaloid, two organic acids, six malic acid derivatives, and four flavonol glycosides were characterized or tentatively identified in the C. papaya leaf extract. In the sub-acute study, the C. papaya extract did not cause mortality nor were treatment-related changes in body weight, food intake, water level, and hematological parameters observed between treatment and control groups. Some
Carica papaya L. is a scrub like a tree with the upright stalk and round. The top can be branch or not, side of that like a spons and hollow, in the outside a lot of leaf scars. The height of the tree around 2,5-10 m, petiole hollow round, the length around 2,5-10 m, round leaf or oval, bone of the leaves are finger shape, serrated edge, sharing such as finger, pointed tip with diameter around 25-75 cm, the top is green, the bottom is light green, slippery, and gloomy, each of three circle stalk trere are 8 leaves. The flowers almost always unisexual or dioecious, but mostly with several hermaphrodite flower in the staminate bouquet. The staminate in the bunches that same with tassel and long stalk, very small petals, the crown like a cream trumpet, with five edge, and long tube, slim, spin edge in the bud, anthers short stemmed, and the pistillate mostly stand-alone, the crown leaves loose and almost loose, cream, ovary tipped one, anthers are five. This plant can be found almost in the whole ...
The study was conducted at the In Vitro Laboratory, Institut Pertanian Persekitaran Terkawal (IPPT), Faculty of Agriculture and Molecular and Cell Biology Laboratory, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor. The main objectives of the study were to develop in-vitro plantlet regeneration systems and to carry out preliminary studies of Agrobacterium-mediated gene transformation of Carica papaya L. cv. Eksotika. The study consisted of in-vitro plantlet regeneration through organogenesis, and somatic embryogenesis using different types of explant and different concentrations and combinations of plant growth regulators whereby the most appropriate system could be applied in the genetic transformation of the crop. The experiments were arranged in a completely randomized design (CRD). The study on organogenesis included shoot induction and rooting. On shoot induction, modified MS (Murashige and Skoog, 1962) medium supplemented with 500 mgL-1 ...
Research Corridor has published a new research study titled "Papaya Fruit Extracts Market - Growth, Share, Opportunities, Competitive Analysis and Forecast, 2017 - 2025". The Papaya Fruit Extracts market report studies current as well as future aspects of the Papaya Fruit Extracts Market based upon factors such as market dynamics, key ongoing trends and segmentation analysis. Apart from the above elements, the Papaya Fruit Extracts Market research report provides a 360-degree view of the Papaya Fruit Extracts industry with geographic segmentation, statistical forecast and the competitive landscape.. Browse the complete report at http://www.researchcorridor.com/papaya-fruit-extracts-market/. Geographically, the Papaya Fruit Extracts Market report comprises dedicated sections centering on the regional market revenue and trends. The Papaya Fruit Extracts market has been segmented on the basis of geographic regions into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Rest of the World (RoW). The RoW segment ...
Oil rich Carica papaya Linn. (CPL) seed is currently discarded as waste. This research is aimed at ascertaining the lipid and antioxidant qualities of the oil in vivo(compared to groundnut oil). Four diets composed from the oil were fed to wistar rats for 32 days. The lipid profile and antioxidant status of the plasma, erythrocytes and brain were examined. The results showed significant reductions (P,0.05) in body weights (of rats fed with the 7-10 % oil diet), erythrocyte peroxidase activity, as well as cholesterol and phospholipids levels in brain. There was also a significant increase(P,0.05) in the reduced glutathione levels in the erythrocyte of rats fed with the 10 % oil diet. The brain weights were significantly increased (P,0.05) by all the CPL seed oil diets. The CPL seed oil quality is comparable to groundnut oil; but it is a better antioxidant source. Small quantities of 5-7% CPL oil in diets may be appropriate to prevent its deleterious effects on brain.. ...
International doctors and researchers from US and Japan conducted an extensive study on the effects of papaya leaves on cancer and their findings published on the 17th of February, 2010, in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology conclude that papaya leaves have dramatic cancer fighting properties against a broad range of tumors. The anti-cancer effects of dry papaya leaves against cervix cancer, breast cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, and pancreatic cancer proved that the higher dose of papaya leaf extract, the more it impacted the tumor. Nam Dang, M.D., Ph.D., researcher with the University of Florida reported that components in papaya tea extracts actually kill cancer cells directly ...
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Carica papaya leaf juice (CPLJ) was well known for its thrombocytosis activity in rodents and dengue patients. However, the effect of CPLJ treatment on other parameters that could contribute to dengue pathogenesis such as nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) production and viremia level have never been highlighted in any clinical and in vivo studies. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of freeze-dried CPLJ treatment on NS1 and viremia levels of dengue fever mouse model. The dengue infection in mouse model was established by inoculation of non-mouse adapted New Guinea C strain dengue virus (DEN-2) in AG129 mice. The freeze-dried CPLJ compounds were identified by Ultra-High Performance Liquid Chromatography High Resolution Accurate Mass Spectrometry analysis. The infected AG129 mice were orally treated with 500 mg/kg/day and 1000 mg/kg/day of freeze-dried CPLJ, starting on day 1 post infection for 3 consecutive days. The blood samples were collected from submandibular vein for plasma NS1 assay and
Introduction: The present study was conducted to evaluate the antioxidant and immunostimulant effects of The Carica papaya fruit aqueous extract (CPF, Caricaceae) against acrylamide induced oxidative stress and improvement of Immune functions which affected by free radicals liberating acrylamide in rats. Material and methods: Sixty male wistar albino rats (195-230g) were assigned to four groups, (fifteen/group). The first group used as control group and received normal physiological saline orally daily. The second group was supplemented with acrylamide 0.05% in drinking water. The third group was gastro-gavaged with 250 mg/kg of papaya fruit extract orally on daily basis. The fourth group was supplemented with acrylamide 0.05% in drinking water and gastro-gavaged with 250 mg/kg of papaya fruit extract orally on daily basis. The chosen dose of papaya fruit extract was based on the active pharmacological dose range obtained from the orientation study earlier conducted. The experimental period was ...
Owoyele, Bamidele V., Adebukola, Olubori M., Funmilayo, Adeoye A, Soladoye, Aydoele O. 2008. Anti-inflammatory activities of ethanolic extract of Carica papaya Leaves. Inflammopharmacology 16 (2008) 168-173.. Papaya 2002. ,URL: http://www.herbs2000.com/herbs/herbs_papaya.htm, Accessed 28 March 2011. Papaya 2011. ,URL: http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/papaya_ars.html#Origin%20and%20D istribution, Accessed 28 March 2011. Papayas. ,URL: http://www.innvista.com/health/foods/fruits/papayas.htm,. Accessed March 23rd 2011. Papaya Nutritional Information and Facts 2005. ,URL: http://www.juicing-for- health.com/papaya.html, Accessed 28 March 2011.. Phylum Magnoliophyta. ,URL: http://people.uvawise.edu/swvaflora/Magnoliophyta.html,. Accessed March 12th 2011.. ...
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Papaya orchard. Fruit growing on papaya trees, Carica papaya, in an orchard. Papaya is also known as the common pawpaw. The tree produces large, spherical fruit which may be eaten at breakfast, in salads or for dessert. Papaya leaves can be wrapped around meat when it is cooked. While it is known that papaya trees are native to the New World, their exact origin is uncertain. Photographed in Hawaii, USA. - Stock Image E768/0165
... aids in the breakdown and metabolism of protein, exhibits anti-ulcer activity and helps to relieve indigestion. Papaya leaf contains the powerful proteolytic enzymes, papain and chymopapain, which digest proteins, small peptides, amides and esters. Their activity extends to carbohydrate and fat, and they are said to be more effective than naturally- occurring proteases like pepsin and trypsin. Since stomach ailments are often the direct result of indigestion, papaya leaf juice may help prevent and remedy these by increasing digestive processes, as the digestive properties of papain are well established ...
Siang itu beberapa perempuan duduk di teras rumah mengupas buah berwarna kuning yang bentuknya mirip dengan belimbing. Setelah diperhatikan lebih dekat, buah itu bukan belimbing, melainkan Carica. Carica? Nama yang agak unik ya? Ternyata diambil dari nama latinnya pepaya yaitu Carica. Buah yang lebih sering disebut pepaya hutan ini tumbuh di daerah Dieng, Wonosobo, Jawa Tengah. Rasa buah aslinya sepet tetapi rasa bijinya asam. Oleh para wanita ini, Carica diolah menjadi manisan yang enak sekali. Rasanya yang manis dan segar sangat cocok dijadikan hidangan buka puasa atau dinikmati saat matahari sedang terik-teriknya. ...
By 1998, it seemed that the Hawaiian papaya industry would die out due to PRSV. However, it was saved by the foresight of a dedicated group of plant pathologists and by the introduction of papayas that were genetically engineered to resist PRSV. In the mid 1980s after PRSV had spread on the island of Oahu, plant pathologists, who analyzed the future impact of PRSV on Hawaii, began research to find a control for it before it was a major threat to papaya production on the island of Hawaii. Scientists, working at Cornell University and in Hawaii, decided to use genetic engineering to make papaya resistant to PRSV. Copies of the coat protein gene from PRSV were inserted into papaya cells. Messenger RNAs produced by these genetic inserts interfere with the ability of PRSV to infect the papaya and to replicate in the papayas cells. Thus, the genetically engineered papayas are resistant to the virus.. After the years of development and careful testing, the first release of resistant papaya cultivars, ...
Introduction: Over centuries, Carica papaya (papaya) has been used as a nutritious and medicinal plant. In view of its medicinal uses, our group focused on aqueous leaves extract of papaya and tried to determine its antimicrobial (using bacterial strains i.e. gram positive and gram negative ones) and anti-inflammatory (virally infected human whole blood) activities. The protein content of the plant and its secondary metabolites were also analysed qualitatively.Methods: The protein content from aqueous leaves extract of C. papaya was quantified using Nanodrop method. ELISA studies were conducted in order to determine the antibody production against ovalbumin (OVA) using papaya aqueous leaves extract. Also, its antigen specific proliferation in virally infected human whole blood samples was determined through MTT assay. In addition, antimicrobial studies (using gram positive and gram negative strains) and cytotoxicity were also studied.Results: The aqueous leaves extract of papaya showed enhancement in
View Notes - pom212_papaya_and_guava_2005_handout from POM 212 at UC Davis. Papaya Carica papaya • Fleshy berry • Also known as pawpaw • Cultivars vary in shape and size - Elongated to
p,,strong,Aim ,/strong, The study aims at determining the possible effects of Carica papaya leaf juice and hydrocortisone in increasing the platelet count in thrombocytopenia similar to dengue fever.,/p, ,p,,strong,Methodology ,/strong, The study was carried out on 24 Long Evans Norwegian strain healthy rats to investigate the comparative platelet increasing effect of Carica papaya leaf juice and hydrocortisone in experimentally induced thrombocytopenic rats. Thrombocytopenia was induced by 3 doses of cyclophosphamide (100mg/kg body weight) given subcutaneously. The rats were divided into 4 groups comprising of six animals in each group. These groups included a normal control and a cyclophosphamide induced thrombocytopenic control and the remaining two cyclophosphamide induced thrombocytopenic groups were administered Carica papaya leaf juice and hydrocortisone respectively.,/p, ,p,The duration of study was 15 days. The clotting time was determined on the 15th day although blood samples were ...
A broad collaboration of research institutions in the U.S. and China has produced a first draft of the papaya genome. This draft, which spells out more than 90 percent of the plants gene coding sequence, sheds new light on the evolution of flowering plants.
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Papaya Tainung (Carica papaya), a red commercial variety, is deliciously sweet & produces abundant fruits that weigh from 3 to 5 pounds. Excellent for pots.
PRSV has a history of following the papaya industry and causing serious damage to papaya crops in terms of yield, quality, and economic viability.. In the 1960s the papaya intdustry was focused primarily in the Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro regions in the southern and more populous part of the country. In 1969 PRSV was detected in the region and quickly spread throughout the area. As the virus spread the industry slowly relocated to more remote areas in the north including Espiritu Snato and Bahia. This allowed for a temporary escape from the virus, but the increased distance from markets increased transportation costs and reduced market fruit quality.. PRSV was discovered in Taiwan in 1974 and spread throughout the island in a few years. Because the entire island was infected, farmers were forced to adapt growing conditions to allow production in spite of the virus. The papaya tree matures quickly and can produce mature fruit less than a year after planting. Plants continue to produce fruit ...
The various options for managing viral diseases are vector control, planting in areas where there is no virus, rogueing, cross protection, and resistance. Vector control for managing PRSV is not an economical option for several reasons. PRSV is nonpersistently transmitted and thus the vector acquires and transmits the virus within seconds to minutes. Thus, aphids coming into target areas of vector control could acquire and shortly thereafter transmit the virus, and insecticides cannot kill them fast enough. As mentioned above, the economically relevant host range of PRSV includes papaya and cucurbits, two crops that are very different in growth characteristics. Papaya is a large perennial tropical herbaceous tree while cucurbits are vegetable crops that are grown over a period of only several months.. Papaya. Papaya is not a preferred host of the PRSV vectors, aphids. Disease management by controlling the vector within the papaya orchard is very difficult as aphids visit and probe papayas but do ...
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Papaya Leaves -- Can Cure Dengue & Many Other Ailments. Papaya Leaf Extract Tablets are highly effective in treating dengue. It not only increases immunity of person, also increases the...
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Im on Elephant Journal today, doing a Q&A with the scientist behind the Hawaiian transgenic papaya. Ive excerpted the beginning of the interview (and its a bit lengthy, so be forewarned) and hope youll read it with an open mind. And please ask questions! Ill do my best to get answers for you. *** Stop…
The normal usage of papaya seeds is 1 tbsp. of them. This dosage is enough to get rid of the all toxins in the liver. Researches proved that these seeds prevent cirrhosis. Consume 5 papaya seeds, two times on a daily basis for 30 days continuously.. Or, you can grind them, crush them if the seeds are fresh in a mortar, and then add them to a refreshing lime juice. Drink this treatment twice per day for 30 days.. Promote Digestive Wellness. Papaya is ideal for digestion, and papaya seeds are rich in potent anti-parasite and antibacterial properties which remove the hazardous microorganisms in the intestinal tract. Moreover, papaya provides powerful anti-pathogenic properties that prove you need to eat 1 tbsp. of these seeds to prevent food poisoning and to eliminate bacteria that provoke digestion problems.. Reduce Swelling in Inflammatory Diseases. Papaya consists of 2 amazing enzymes, papain and chymopapain, which due to their powerful anti-inflammatory properties, they soothe swelling in case ...
Our results show that the intraperitoneal administration of STZ to rats significantly increased glucose blood levels four days after injection, as well as decreased body weight. In addition, other diabetes-related signs were observed. These results agree with previous observations that have employed this model and that also report loss of body weight [13, 14].. Several reports suggest that this model of type 1 diabetes induced by STZ is adequate to evaluate the properties of leaves or fruits from different plants [15-17]. In the present study, the aqueous extract of C. papaya maintained the body weight of diabetic rats during treatment. Weight loss is a main sign of diabetes but its mechanism is not clear. It could be due to many factors such as loss of appetite, increased muscle waste and loss of tissue proteins [15, 18, 19]. In addition, the administration of the aqueous extract of C. papaya decreased water consumption. Other natural products also produce a decrease in both water intake and ...
Digestive Support FormulaIngredients: Betaine HCl, Glutamine Acid HCl, Pepsin, Papaya Leaves (Carica papaya L.),Gelatin Capsule and Magnesium Stearate. Directions:Use only as directed. Take one capsule up to six times during each meal. Store in a cool, dry place. Supplement Facts Betaine HCL 250mg Glutamic Acid HCL 100mg Pepsin 150mg Papaya Leaf 100mg
The papaya tree is one of the most distinctive plants on earth. It is generally 4 to 5 meters tall and unbranched, but old plants may be 10 meters tall. The trunk looks a little like an upside-down, gray carrot. This plant has huge leaves with very long petioles and are clustered near the top of the tree, because the lower ones are shed, leaving large, circular scars on the bark. The stem is soft and weak because it has very flimsy wood (secondary xylem) and a hollow center. Once a plant starts to produce, there is a continuous supply of fruits. All one has to do is to climbing to harvest the lowermost papaya fruit.. The ripe fruit has a yellow and green skin, often with tints of red and orange, and a sweet, semi-firm, yellow-orange pulp. Within the central cavity of the fruit are hundreds of dark seeds that almost appear bluish when the fruit is cut open; they are about the size of small peas and are attached to the pulp. Papaya fruit is most commonly eaten fresh for dessert or made into a ...
For almost a decade, RNAi has been used as a research tool to discover or validate the functions of genes, and we are now starting to see the use of this technology for commercially focused applications in plants. The applications cover a wide spectrum, from designer flower colors to plant-produced medical therapeutics. They fall into two types of approach: protection of the plant against attack and fine-tuning of metabolic pathways.. Unsurprisingly, given the history of the discovery of PTGS, protection of plants from viral infection has been one of the first commercial outcomes resulting from the application of a gene silencing technique. Transgenic papaya (Carica papaya) with resistance to Papaya ringspot virus (PRSV; Fuchs and Gonsalves, 2007) and the Monsanto-produced NewLeaf Plus and NewLeaf Y potatoes (Solanum tuberosum) with resistance to Potato leafroll virus and PVY (www.research.cip.cgiar.org/) were among the first commercial releases. When released in the late 1990s, the mechanisms ...
The goodness of consuming Papaya Seeds are many and not limited to the above list. That being said, one should partake only small quantities of the seed and that also, not very frequently. Excessive consumption may lead to many side effects, notably pregnancy related issues.. As a precaution, pregnant women should not use papaya seeds or the enzyme-rich green papaya. This warning on their use would also extend to breastfeeding. Additionally, while papaya seeds do have strong anti-parasitic properties, they may be too powerful for young childrens gastrointestinal tracts, so a doctor should be consulted before giving them to infants.. Source: http://www.curejoy.com/content/papaya-seeds-gut-health-liver-kidney-detox/. ...
Context: Carica papaya L. (Caricaceae) fruit was shown to exhibit wound healing properties. Objectives: We investigated anti-inflammatory and antioxidant potential of papaya fruit phosphate-buffered saline extract (PE) during wound healing and enhancement of the potentials due to trace ions addition. Materials and methods: Rat excision wounds were topically treated twice/day with 20 μL of PE (5 mg extract/mL), 0.5 μg Se2+ added PE (PES), or 100 μM Zn2+ added PE (PEZ). Control groups were treated with deionized water (negative) and deproteinized calf blood extract ointment (Solcoseryl®, positive). Lipid peroxidation (LPX), antioxidant, proinflammatory, and arginine metabolic enzymes were estimated in the wound excised on days 4 and 10 post wounding. Results: PE (5 mg/mL; 9.80 ± 0.33 d) and PES (PE + 0.5 μg Se2+; 8.90 ± 0.23 d) significantly (p , 0.05) reduced the average time for complete wound closure compared with the negative (13.00 ± 0.37 d) and positive (9.80 ± 0.33 d) controls, ...
At Sbicca, I chose the coconut panko prawns with ginger carica salsa and wasabi-ponzu drizzle for a first course. The prawns were delicious, crispy on the outside but juicy within and the salsa, with its sweet exotic flavors, perfectly complemented them. It was easy to pull out the flavor and texture of the carica in the salsa, which reminded me of mangoes but with a hint of pineapple-like tartness. It married beautifully with the salsas ginger and jalapeños. Chef/owner Susan Sbicca was kind enough to give me the recipe to share ...
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Realizzato in materiale di alta qualità e con esecuzione garantita, questo Tronsmart TS-54W UC5PC 5-Port parete carica di stile standard USA del caricatore della spina presenta elevata resistenza e struttura solida.Forte costruzione rende disagio incrinatura o la rottura.Oltre a ciò, ladozione di sofisticati circuito integrato, questo caricatore è di alta qualità, alta sicurezza e prestazioni stabili.Inoltre, ad alta tensione di uscita e rendere attuale la velocità di carica sicuro veloce e affidabile.Progettato in 5 porte, può caricare cinque dispositivi contemporaneamente.Quindi, se è quella giusta, perché non portarlo a casa ...
É difícil dissociar a Turma do Sereno da Família Mantovan. Na verdade a Turma do Sereno deve ser um "braço" da Famíla Mantovan. Eu digo isso baseado no carisma desse trio de ouro, Seu Anézio, "Ferpa" e "Nersão" (conforme a ordem na foto). Toda última quinta-feira do mês, após nossa peleja religiosa e inadiável, lá vamos nós para para um churrasco comandado por essa família. Na minha vida poucas vezes fui tão bem recebido num ambiente, como na primeira vez em que compareci a esse momento de reunião do grupo. Quando o Rafael me pediu essa carica, eu me senti a vontade para assumir a proposta com o maior entusiasmo pelo respeito e amizade que dedico a esta família. A sinergia é tanta que no dia da entrega da carica Seu Anézio veio de camisa azul. Em nome da Turma do Sereno eu agradeço e reverencio a Família Mantovan. Valeu Seu Anézio, "Ferpa" e "Nersão ...
The objective of this study was to compare the physico-chemical characteristics and antioxidant activity of ozone-treated papaya fruit and untreated fruit. Freshly harvested papaya fruit were exposed continuously to ozone fumigation (0, 1.5, 2.5, 3.5 and 5 ppm) for 96 h prior to ambient storage at 25 ± 3oC and 70 ± 5% relative humidity (RH) for up to 14 days. The fruit exposed to 2.5 ppm ozone had higher levels of total soluble solids (25.0%), ascorbic acid content (12.4%), β-carotene content (19.6%), lycopene content (52.1%), and antioxidant activity (30.9%), and also reduced weight loss (11.5%) at day 10 compared to the control. The sensory attributes of papaya treated with 2.5 ppm ozone was superior in sweetness and overall acceptability. These results support the application of ozone as a non-thermal and safe food preservation technique for papaya which can benefit both the producers and consumers.. ...
The large oval fruits of this "Melon tree" are attached in clusters just under its umbrella of snowflake shaped leaves. Tropical. Makes a very handsome indoor ornamental tree if you provide sufficient warmth and bright light. With ideal conditions will bear fruit in 1 year. Self pollinating. Mature hgt. 18'-25' Growing Instructions & Tips: Plant at 1/2" depth using well draining soil mixture. Keep warm and damp - not wet. Requires bright light. Fertilize every two weeks.
We know that fresh papaya, rich in vitamins and minerals, is very good for the digestive system. But recently researchers have announced about its having properties that can cure the fatal dengue. According to the Ayurveda researchers at the National Institute for Ayurvedic Drug Development, two enzymes namely chymopapin and papin in the raw papaya leaf can fight viral infections. It also helps revive the white blood cells and the platelet counts (gradual decrease/destruction of which is the reason of many people suffering and dying of dengue). The juice, prepared from fresh papaya leaves, avoiding the veins (of the leaves) and then grinding the green, pulpy part to make a paste, indeed is very bitter in taste. Physicians advice that 20-25 ml/four to five teaspoons of it twice a day, continuing for at least a week is enough for dengue patient ...
Papaya plants (Carica papaya), commonly referred to as trees, are actually very large herbaceous perennials, usually with a short life span (but capable of living up to 20 years). Papayas produce large fruit with very sweet, yellow to red-orange-colored flesh. They are not difficult to grow when given a site with ...
in frame with the CP gene in this study. The ability to generate the correct CP in the two constructs was verified by in vitro transcription, translation, and immunoprecipitation. Accumulation of the CP expressed by the gus leader in calli and leaves of the transgenic plant lines was detectable by western blot analysis. However, in transgenic lines expressing the CP by the PRSV 5 leader, accumulation of CP was below detectable level except in the plantlet stage (data not shown). The different quantity of the CP between transgenic lines containing the gus leader and the PRSV leader may be due to different translational efficiencies in plant cells. Also, it might be due to the different stability of proteins based on size, conformation, or modified N-terminal structure of CP products.. When the resistance of four GCP lines and four 5CP lines was evaluated under high concentrations of inoculum, GCP-15 showed a high level of resistance. The other three lines, GCP-4, GCP-14 and GCP-33 showed lower ...
OLIVEIRA, Eder Jorge de et al. Molecular characterization of papaya genotypes using AFLP markers. Rev. Bras. Frutic. [online]. 2011, vol.33, n.3, pp.849-858. ISSN 0100-2945. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0100-29452011000300020.. Due to the low genetic variability reported in the commercial plantations of papaya (Carica papaya L.), the objective of this study was analyze the genetic diversity of 32 genotypes including cultivars, landraces, inbred lines, and improved germplasm using the AFLP technique (Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism). The genetic distance matrix was obtained using the Nei and Li genetic distance and clustering was performed using the unweighted pair-method with arithmetic mean (UPGMA). Using 11 combinations of EcoRI/MseI primers, 383 polymorphic bands were obtained. On average, 34.8 polymorphic bands were obtained per primer combination. Five clusters were formed. The traditional cultivar Sunrise and the inbred line CMF-L30-08 were the closest genotypes, and the improved ...
Dear All, I would like to share this interesting discovery from a classmates son who has just recovered from dengi fever. Apparently, his son was in the critical stage at the SJMC ICU when his pallet counts drops to 15 after 15 litres of blood transfusion. His father was so worried that he seek another freinds recommendation and his son was saved. He confessed to me that he give his son raw juice of the papaya leaves. From a pallet count of 45 after 20 litres of blood transfusion, and
Dear All, I would like to share this interesting discovery from a classmates son who has just recovered from dengi fever. Apparently, his son was in the critical stage at the SJMC ICU when his pallet counts drops to 15 after 15 litres of blood transfusion. His father was so worried that he seek another freinds recommendation and his son was saved. He confessed to me that he give his son raw juice of the papaya leaves. From a pallet count of 45 after 20 litres of blood transfusion, and
These tough viruses have nasty symptoms and no effective pharmaceutical cure. Yet, one promising natural treatment is simple: the papaya leaf
Papaya leaf tea offers many wonderful benefits that most people are not aware of. If youre looking for a cure-all, this tea may be for you.
In the paper published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology, papaya leaf extract has been found to boost the production of key signaling molecules called Th1-type cytokines that suggests potential therapeutic abilities that use the immune system to fight cancers in addition to its direct antitumour effect on various cancers.
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What is Carica? It is is a type of papaya fruit, often called mountain papaya and it contains many beneficial vitamins. What are interesting and unique from
Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; Spermatophyta; Magnoliopsida; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; Pentapetalae; rosids; malvids; Brassicales; Caricaceae; ...
Carica papaya Papain ELISA kit (for measuring papain residue/contaminant in therapeutics), 96 tests ELISA Kit 800-160-CPP Carica papaya Papain ELISA kit (for measuring papain residue/contaminant in therapeutics), 96 tests ELISA Kit 800-160-CPP
carica definition: the nature genus for the Caricaceae; consisting of tropical United states trees; the papayas.; A genus of plants, normal order Papayaceæ, consisting of about 20 types, that are natives…
The main antioxidant in Papaya is papain, which gives it that rotten smell. Unripe papayas contain more papain than ripe ones. The ripeness of a papaya can determine how nutritious it really is. One study 1 looked at the nutrient content of ripe and unripe papayas and determined that several different antioxidants increased as a papaya ripened. They saw that certain carotenoids, which is the family that vitamin A (beta-carotene) comes from, increased dramatically. The amount of lycopene increased nearly 10x in ripened papayas vs unripe ones and beta-carotene more than doubled its original amount. Vitamin C more than doubled in ripened papayas as well. Basically, the more rotten your papaya smells, the healthier it is. However, dont eat papayas that have actually gone rotten. Papaya is very helpful with digestion and may also help treat all types of arthritis. How these things are connected is still unclear but it may have to do with fewer toxins in your body because enzymes in papaya help to ...
The company had two founding principles: one, it is a "woman-based company" and two, it was non-GMO right from the start, said Jessica Oren, marketing and brand manager.. Deadly virus​. The debate over genetic modification has particular pertinence in the cultivation of papaya trees. In Hawaii, where payapas have been a significant crop for many decades, the Papaya Ringspot Virus wiped out the trees on Oahu starting in the 1950s. Production was moved to the Big Island under quarantine, but the virus found its way there by 1992. In the meantime, the University of Hawaii began working on a genetically modified papaya variety resistant to the virus, and these trees resuscitated the industry in the state.. "We are strongly against genetic modification. We think there are other, better ways to go, such as hybridization. Or agricultural practices like not overwatering your trees,"​ Oren said. "We really believe that non GMO is more sustainable."​. Herbal Papaya sources its raw material and ...
Connect and collaborate with Marlenildo Ferreira Melo at Federal Rural University of the Semi-Arid, with research interests in Carica papaya L. and weed, on Mendeley.
Carica Linn., Sp.Pl. 1036. 1753. Gen.Pl.ed.5.458.1754; Bailey, Stand.Cycl.Hort. 1:665. 1914; Benthal, Trees of Calc. 267. 1933; Bailey, Man. Cult. Pl.692. ed.9. 1966. Trees up to 10 m. tall, unbranched. Leaves soft, long stalked in clusters at the top of the trunk, 30-60 cm long, deeply divided into 7-11 lobes. Petiole longer than the lamina. Flowers unisexual. Male flowers on long axillary drooping peduncles, petals united forming a slender tube. Stamens 10 in two whorls. Female flowers with short peduncles, petals distinct, fleshy, yellowish or cream coloured; pistil with 5 lobed sessile stigma.. A genus with 45 species distributed mostly in tropical America.. ...
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Lowry, J. (2017). Acanthostepheia behringiensis carica Dementieva, 1931. In: Horton, T.; Lowry, J.; De Broyer, C.; Bellan-Santini, D.; Coleman, C. O.; Corbari, L.; Daneliya, M.; Dauvin, J-C.; Fišer, C.; Gasca, R.; Grabowski, M.; Guerra-García, J. M.; Hendrycks, E.; Hughes, L.; Jaume, D.; Jazdzewski, K.; Kim, Y.-H.; King, R.; Krapp-Schickel, T.; LeCroy, S.; Lörz, A.-N.; Mamos, T.; Senna, A. R.; Serejo, C.; Sket, B.; Souza-Filho, J. F.; Tandberg, A.H.; Thomas, J.; Thurston, M.; Vader, W.; Väinölä, R.; Vonk, R.; White, K.; Zeidler, W. (2017). World Amphipoda Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=546977 on 2017-12- ...
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Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a genetic disease associated with unusually large numbers of immature blood cells. According to Covenant University, Methanolic extracts from S. monostachyus, C. papaya seed oil, exhibited particular antisickling properties coupled with the potential to reduce stress in sickle cell patients(1). In In beta-hemoglobinopathies, fermented papaya preparation (FPP), increased the content of reduced glutathione (GSH) in red blood cells (RBC), and decreased their reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, membrane lipid peroxidation, and externalization of phosphatidylserine (PS), indicating amelioration of their oxidative status, without a significant change in the hematological parameters, probably through addition of an iron chelator(2) and alleviated symptoms associated with oxidative stress in severe forms of thalassemia(3) as well as significant reduction in the number of sickle cells(4). ...
The papaya (from Carib via Spanish), papaw, or pawpaw is the fruit of the plant Carica papaya, the sole species in the genus Carica of the plant family Caricaceae. It is native to the tropics of the Americas, and was first cultivated in Mexico several centuries before the emergence of the Mesoamerican classical civilizations ...
DES MOINES, Iowa - An increasing number of people have been sickened by eating papaya now traced to a farm located in southern Mexico, U.S. public health officials said Monday in an update on the outbreak first reported more than two weeks ago.. Salmonella has now sickened 109 people in 16 states and 35 were serious enough to be hospitalized, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said on its web page dedicated to the outbreak. One person in New York City died.. Papaya traced to the Carica de Campeche farm in Campeche, Mexico, appears to be the likely source, the FDA said. The farm is located on the Gulf of Mexico side of the Yucatan Peninsula.. The company did not immediately respond to an email and phones went unanswered on Tuesday. A storm warning was posted for the area as Tropical Storm Franklin was making its way across the Yucatan Peninsula.. Papayas from the Carica de Campeche farm tested positive for five different strains of salmonella bacteria, which can cause diarrhea, ...
Papaya is rich in vitamin C and is a good source of antioxidants. Fiber content in its also smooth, so that both consumed by the infants to old age. In traditional Chinese medicine, papaya is known to overcome digestive disorders. Papaya can eliminate intestinal worms. Ripe papaya can be used to cure dysentery, rheumatism and problems with mucus production ...
Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research aims to publish findings of doctors at grass root level and post graduate students, so that all unique medical experiences are recorded in literature.
id":422596706315,"title":"Organic Island Paw Paw Lip Salve 25ml","handle":"organic-island-paw-paw-lip-salve-25ml","description":"\u003cul\u003e\n\u003cli\u003e\u003cstrong\u003eDiscover the power of Paw Paw More!\u003c\/strong\u003e\u003c\/li\u003e\n\u003c\/ul\u003e\n\u003cp dir=ltr\u003e\u003cspan\u003eScientifically formulated to protect, replenish and nourish skin while maintaining hydration. The \u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003ePaw Paw Lip Salve\u003c\/span\u003e\u003cspan\u003e uses three types of paw paw enzymes, including NOP Organic Dehydrasome Pumpkin Papaya™, Papain (Papaya Enzyme) \u0026amp; Carica Papaya Fruit Extract (Paw Paw) to create a uniquely powerful formula that effectively moisturises and soothes all year round. Technologically advanced delivery systems OliveM1000 Crystal Skin and Si02 Matrix™ help to readily absorb these high quality organic ingredients directly into your skin, ensuring fast results you can see and feel. ...
Papaya: A gifted nutraceutical plant - a critical review of recent human health research - Carica papaya;traditional system of medicine;nutraceutical;phytotherapy;
Bait Station Anchoring. Recently I was at a restaurant and found a bait station exposed out in the open and I was a bit disappointed. I put it back in its place next to the building and called the company; not to berate them but to remind them that cable anchors would have a been a good choice for this location (since the company I work for makes them). My words seemed to fall on deaf ears- Ill never know if they corrected the problem.. The "what ifs" came to mind after hanging up the phone: what if a dog got to the bait? What if a child picked up the box and bait came out? What if an Inspector ate here? What if some teenager started kicking the box around? The bottom line is: what if a secondary poisoning call was reported- was it worth not securing a bait station?. Insurance claims arent cheap and were always faced with the risk of litigation. Doesnt it make sense to have every bait box secured and to have a standard protocol for anchoring on all bait stations?. Heres a test for you to ...
The Institute of Soft Tissue Release May 21, 2015 Caribbean People Look Out For ZIKV! - Today lets talk about a virus that may be on its way to Jamaica. The Zika virus. The Zika virus or ZIKV is a virus related to yellow fever, dengue, West Nile, and Japanese encephalitis viruses; however, ZIKV produces a comparatively mild disease in humans. It was first isolated from an infected rhesus monkey in the Zika Forest of Uganda in 1947. Symptoms are similar to Dengue fever, but are milder in form and usually last four to seven days. Common symptoms include a skin rash that starts on the face or trunk before moving to the rest of the body, conjunctivitis (or pink eye), joint pain, low-grade fevers and headache. Transmission is via the bite of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. However there is an instance of human-to-human transmission thought to have been either by saliva or sexual transmission reported in April, 2011 by a university biologist bitten by mosquitoes while performing research in Senegal. There ...
A friend of mine had dengue last year. It was a very serious situation for her as her platelet count had dropped to 28,000 after 3 days in hospital and water has started to fill up her lung. She had difficulty in breathing. She was only 32-year old. Doctor says theres no cure for dengue. We just have to wait for her body immune system to build up resistance against dengue and fight its own battle. She already had 2 blood transfusion and all of us were praying very hard as her platelet continued to drop since the first day she was admitted ...
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Sri Lanka is no exception where, dengue infection is a priority for the national health services for prevention and reducing mortality. In desperation...
Researchers found in a study that the leaf extract and tea of papaya greatly slowed the growth of cancerous tumors. Nam Dang of the University of Florida said the anticancer capability of papaya was strongest when large doses of papaya leaf tea were administered into cells.
Fresh from his success with two widely utilized smartphone apps, CTAHR (College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources) plant pathologist Scot Nelson has created a new and more technical app, the Leaf Doctor, for a more specialized audience. He doesnt anticipate that the Leaf Doctor will have the same broad, popular appeal as his Plant Doctor app, which helps to identify disease on plants and has been used all over the globe, from Iceland to Indonesia. Likewise, his recently released but already widespread Pic-a-Papaya app, which tracks papaya ringspot virus in Hawaii, was originally intended only for use in the Honolulu area but has been getting submissions from throughout the Hawaiian Islands. For many of those who will use the Leaf Doctor, though, it is likely to be a professional game-changer.. Disease tends to increase over time and space, whether in an individual plant or in a plant population, and researchers need to know how fast and how far its increasing. Plant epidemiology ...
Papaya is likely safe when consumed in food amounts. Fermented papaya is possibly safe when used medicinally for up to three months. Use with caution in patients with bleeding disorders or those taking agents that may increase the risk of bleeding, in patients with diabetes or hypoglycemia or those taking agents that affect blood sugar, and in patients with autoimmune disorders or those using agents that affect the immune system. Use papaya seed extract and the papaya enzyme papain with caution. Use cautiously with vitamin A or retinoids, beta-carotene or carotene-containing foods, iron or iron-rich foods, sodium, potassium supplements, or agents that alter potassium levels. Avoid in patients with a known allergy or hypersensitivity to papaya, its components (including papaya juice, papaya flower pollen, papain, and chymopapain), members of the Caricaceae family, or latex. Cross sensitivity between kiwi and papaya, as well as papain, has been reported. Severe life-threatening allergic reactions ...
Save 52% American Health - Original Papaya Enzyme Chewable 600 Tablets Chewable Original Papaya Enzyme The After Meal Supplement Natural Digestive Enzyme Support* Promotes Nutrient Absorption* Digestive Health* Chewable Our famous blend is the perfect after meal supplement to help support and maintain daily digestive health.* We combine the finest quality of freshly ripened Papaya fruit with papain, amylase and protease enzymes, which aid in the digestion of proteins and carbohydrates, while encouraging proper nutrient absorption.* Our formula offers the ideal choice to help with inefficient digestion.* Take this delicious, natural papaya enzyme regularly to promote gastrointestinal wellness.* Vegetarian Formula.
Save 52% American Health - Original Papaya Enzyme Chewable 600 Tablets Chewable Original Papaya Enzyme The After Meal Supplement Natural Digestive Enzyme Support* Promotes Nutrient Absorption* Digestive Health* Chewable Our famous blend is the perfect after meal supplement to help support and maintain daily digestive health.* We combine the finest quality of freshly ripened Papaya fruit with papain, amylase and protease enzymes, which aid in the digestion of proteins and carbohydrates, while encouraging proper nutrient absorption.* Our formula offers the ideal choice to help with inefficient digestion.* Take this delicious, natural papaya enzyme regularly to promote gastrointestinal wellness.* Vegetarian Formula.
Papaya (halved) jar (), CC-BY, via flickr A spherical fruit with sun-colored meat of delicately sweet taste, papaya is a nutritious crop grown widely in the tropics and prized worldwide for its health benefits. Tagged as the
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Although papaya isnt as popular in the United States as other tropical fruits, such as mangoes and pineapples, Americans consumed an average of about...
C. P. W. Collection. PLaTE XXXV. Carica Papaya. Papaia (fruit, female tree).. The Papaia is a native of South America; it is found in Florida, and in many parts of tropical America; it was early introduced into Hawaii, grows and bears well in almost any locality. It is a small tree, with a hollow, branchless trunk; it is shortlived, and is suitable only to regions free from frost, and requires perfect drainage. There are two forms, the tall and the dwarf, but there are numerous variations as to shape and quality of the fruit. The soft green leaves, often measuring two feet across, are variously palmated, and have simple, long, hollow stems. The Papaya is usually dioceous; the fruit-bearing tree is called the female; it is claimed that trees of both sexes should be planted near each other, in order to ensure a good yield. The female flowers, which appear from the axils of the leaves, are yellowish-white, single, or two or three together.. The fruit of the Papaya ripens successively. It is either ...
Home remedies for diarrhea in kids - What is a home remedy for stomach cramps in a child without diarrhea nor vomiting? Depends on cause. There are many things that can give a child cramps, ranging from constipation, lactose intolerance, and gas to recurrent abdominal pain of childhood. Please have your child seen by his/her doctor to determine the cause; once you have a diagnosis, then appropriate treatment can be determined.
Papaya is a fruit thats full of nutritional benefits; however, its use in pregnancy is always doubted. For a pregnant women, papayas are only good in the ripest form. Unripe or semi-ripe papayas only cause some major harm.. So here let us understand the benefits and risks linked with papaya during pregnancy:. Benefits of Eating Ripe Papaya. ...
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The papaya milk the milky fluid that comes out of scratching the surface of the raw papaya fruit contains an enzyme, which can digest starch, mucous membranes and animal proteins. Papaya milk is dried at a low temperature. Paperin, a digestive powder, is obtained. Dose 2 to 10 grains. It is very useful in dyspepsia and liver complaints. It may be rubbed in ringworm patches. It is highly beneficial in all cases when digestion is weak or when the liver is not functioning properly ...
Dogs can safely eat papaya. They can eat papaya seeds, too, but many do not like the peppery-flavor of the seeds. Papayas are an excellent source of antioxidants, B vitamins and electrolytes....
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Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai) is a major crop in the southern United States. Papaya ringspot virus-watermelon strain (PRSV-W, formerly Watermelon mosaic virus-1) and Zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) affect all agricultural species of the Cucurbitaceae and are of great economic importance because of their destructiveness. Watermelon has not been screened extensively for resistance to PRSV-W. Although there is a resistance source for ZYMV resistance, the identification of additional sources of resistance to ZYMV would be highly desirable since the initial sources of resistance are temperature dependent, or not resistant to some of the more severe strains of the virus. The objectives of this study were 1) to screen the USDA watermelon germplasm collection along with available watermelon cultivars for PRSV-W resistance; 2) to verify the disease rating for the most resistant and most susceptible accessions; 3) to determine the genetic control of PRSV-W resistance; and ...
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Chymopapain A was isolated from the dried latex of papaya (Carica papaya) by ion-exchange chromatography followed by covalent chromatography by thiol-disulphide interchange. The latter procedure was used to produce fully active enzyme containing one essential thiol group per molecule of protein, to establish that the chymopapain A molecule contains, in addition, one non-essential thiol group per molecule and to recalculate the literature value of epsilon 280 for the enzyme as 36 000 M−1 × cm −1. The Michaelis parameters for the hydrolysis of L-benzoylarginine p-nitroanilide and of benzyloxy-carbonyl-lysine nitrophenyl ester at 25 degrees C, and I 0.1 at several pH values catalysed by chymopapain A, papaya proteinase omega, papain (EC 3.4.22.2) and actinidin (EC 3.4.22.14) were determined. Towards these substrates chymopapain A has kcat./km values similar to those of actinidin and of papaya proteinase omega and significantly lower than those of papain or ficin. The environment of the ...
Lightening Face Wash: Purified water, apricot oil (prunus armeniaca), cetearyl alcohol, polysorbate 60, coco glucoside, coconut oil (cocos nucifera), avocado oil (persea gratissima), stearic acid, vegetable glycerin, potassium oleate, potassium cocoate, potassium citrate, xanthan gum, papaya extract (carica papaya), cranberry extract (vaccinium macrocarpon), strawberry extract (fragaria vesca), lemon extract (citrus medica limonum), mango extract (mangifera indica), potassium palm kernelate, palm kernel, silk peptide, phenoxyethanol, ethylhexylglycerin.. Lightening Moisturizer: Purified water, cetearyl alcohol, polysorbate 60, vegetable glycerin, sunflower oil (helianthus annuus), olive oil (olea europaea), coconut oil (cocos nucifera), shea butter (butyrospermum parkii), apricot oil (prunus armeniaca), zinc oxide, silk peptide protein, vitamin E (tocopherol), vitamin C (ascorbic acid), hyaluronic acid (sodium hyaluronate), papaya extract (carica papaya), cranberry extract (vaccinium ...
Alcohol, Chamaecyparis Obtusa Water, Zinc Oxide (Ci 77947), Glycerin, Butylene Glycol, Salicylic Acid, Chamaecyparis Obtusa Leaf Extract, Melaleuca Alternifolia (Tea Tree) Leaf Oil, Madecassoside, Allium Sativum (Garlic) Bulb Extract, Ampelopsis Japonica Root Extract, Allium Cepa (Onion) Bulb Extract, Carica Papaya (Papaya) Fruit Extract, Glycoproteins, Aesculus Hippocastanum (Horse Chestnut) Seed Extract, Mannitol, Saururus Chinensis Extract, Silica, Ammonium Glycyrrhizate, Water, Zinc Gluconate, Caffeine, Colloidal Sulfur, Titanium Dioxide (Ci 77891), Dipotassium Glycyrrhizate, Iron Oxides (Ci 77491), Fragrance. ...
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) merupakan masalah serius dalam pengobatan infeksi sebab bakteri telah resisten terhadap beberapa antibiotik. Agen antibakteri yang dapat melawan MRSA sangat diperlukan untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menguji aktivitas antibakteri beberapa ekstrak tanaman terhadap MRSA dan mengetahui senyawa aktif dari ekstrak dengan aktivitas antibakteri tertinggi. Serbuk kering daun kemangi (Ocimum sanctum), daun sirih (Piper betle), daun pepaya (Carica papaya), bunga cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum), kayu secang (Caesalpinia sappan), biji pala (Myristica fragrans), dan rimpang lengkuas (Alpinia galanga) diekstraksi dengan metode maserasi menggunakan etanol 96%. Uji aktivitas antibakteri ekstrak dilakukan dengan metode difusi disk menggunakan 1 mg ekstrak/disk. Senyawa aktif antibakteri dalam ekstrak yang paling poten ditentukan dengan bioautografi. Hasil uji menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak dapat menghambat pertumbuhan MRSA. Ekstrak ...
Abstract: This study was aimed to analyze neutral detergent insoluble crude protein (NDICP) and acid detergent insoluble crude protein (ADICP) contents of various commonly used forage and concentrate feedstuffs in Indonesia. A number of forages and concentrates, i.e. gliricidia, trichantera, indigofera, calliandra, papaya leaves, cassava leaves, leucaena, rapeseed meal, corn gluten feed, soybean meal, copra meal, palm kernel meal, fish and bone meal and wheat bran were subjected to proximate analysis, cell wall nitrogen determination and in vitro rumen fermentation evaluation. Chemical composition analysis was done in duplicate. The in vitro incubation was conducted in 14 treatments and 3 replicates by following a randomized complete block design. Variables measured after the incubation were total volatile fatty acid (VFA), ammonia, dry matter digestibility (DMD), organic matter digestibility (OMD) and crude protein digestibility (CPD). Results revealed that among the forages, cassava leaf had ...
Aqua (Water), Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice (1), Sorbitol, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil (1), Stearic Acid, Glycerin, Cetyl Alcohol, Dimethicone, Glyceryl Stearate SE , Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract, Carica Papaya (Papaya) Fruit Extract, Coffea Arabica (Coffee) Seed Extract , Coronarium Root Extract, Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Extract, Macrocystis Pyrifera Extract, Aleurites Moluccana Seed Oil, Linum Usitatissimum (Linseed) Seed Oil, Macadamia Ternifolia Seed Oil, Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil (1), Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter), Theobroma Cacao (Cocoa) Seed Butter, Allantoin, Caffeine, Carbomer, Panthenol, Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate, Sodium Hydroxide, Sodium PCA, Tocopherol , Benzyl Alcohol, Ethylhexylglycerin, Phenoxyethanol, Benzyl Benzoate, Coumarin, Fragrance (Parfum). (1)Certified Organic Ingredient ...
"Carica". 2013.. *^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Morton JF (1987). "Papaya". NewCROP, the New Crop Resource Online Program, Center ... is the plant Carica papaya, one of the 22 accepted species in the genus Carica of the family Caricaceae.[4] Its origin is in ... Carica papaya was the first transgenic fruit tree to have its genome sequenced.[14] In response to the papaya ringspot virus ( ... Not to be confused with Chaenomeles speciosa (flowering quince) or Pseudocydonia chinensis (Chinese quince), which like Carica ...
Carica • Dobraljevo • Dolac • Donja Rovna • Gornja Rovna • Grablje • Granice • Gusti Grab • Hozanovići • Hrasno • Javor • ...
Carica papaya. papaya. 5.0. 8.0. Cajanus cajan. pigeonpea. 5.0. 8.3. Pyrus communis. common pear. 5.2. 6.7. ...
"Characterization of fig achenes' oil of Ficus carica grown in Tunisia". Food Chemistry. 196: 1125-30. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem. ...
It was previously placed in genus Carica. Romero-Saltos, H. & Pitman, N. 2003. Carica omnilingua. 2006 IUCN Red List of ...
An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches. Morphologically, it is the modified part of the shoot of seed plants where flowers are formed. The modifications can involve the length and the nature of the internodes and the phyllotaxis, as well as variations in the proportions, compressions, swellings, adnations, connations and reduction of main and secondary axes. Inflorescence can also be defined as the reproductive portion of a plant that bears a cluster of flowers in a specific pattern. The stem holding the whole inflorescence is called a peduncle and the major axis (incorrectly referred to as the main stem) holding the flowers or more branches within the inflorescence is called the rachis. The stalk of each single flower is called a pedicel. A flower that is not part of an inflorescence is called a solitary flower and its stalk is also referred to as a peduncle. Any flower in an inflorescence ...
The name Pawpaw or Papaw, first recorded in print in English in 1598, originally meant the giant herb Carica papaya or its ... It probably derives from the Spanish papaya, an American tropical and sub-tropical fruit (Carica papaya) sometimes also called ... is Carica papaya. By 1598, English-speaking people in the Caribbean were calling these plants "pawpaws" or "papaws" . . . [yet ... meaning not Carica papaya but Asimina triloba]. Daniel F. Austin's Florida Ethnobotany states that The original "papaw" . . . ...
... (Carica pentagona Heilb.): A Possible Crop for the Greenhouse Hortscience, V:31:5:785-788. Babaco Carica Pentagona " ... Carica pubescens, "Mountain Papaya".), and Vasconcellea stipulata (syn. Carica stipulata, "Toronche".). It can grow at high ... Carica pentagona), is a hybrid cultivar in the genus Vasconcellea from Ecuador. It is a hybrid between Vasconcellea ... The babaco is classified as a herbaceous shrub like Carica papaya (pawpaw or papaya) but unlike papaya it produces only female ...
Life Cycle in Ficus carica Archived 2009-09-02 at the Wayback Machine. "Fig, Ficus carica". Purdue University: Horticulture & ... Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig (or just the fig). It is ... Ficus carica has milky sap (laticifer). The sap of the fig's green parts is an irritant to human skin. The common fig tree has ... Ficus carica is dispersed by birds and mammals that scatter their seeds in droppings. Fig fruit is an important food source for ...
It pollinates the common fig Ficus carica and the closely related Ficus palmata. B. psenes has a short life cycle and is a free ... These wasps lay fertilized eggs in the syconium of a F. carica fig. When the larvae hatch, they develop in the fig ovaries, ... B. psenes has been introduced on other continents to ensure that Ficus carica bear fruit there. Adult B. psenes only live for a ... Some wasps can carry a disease that is carried by F. carica trees. This disease is a fungus called Fusarium moniliforme, or fig ...
List source : Jacaratia was first determined to be of a separate genus from Carica, based on a syntype specimen of Carica ... LT: Carica spinosa Aubl. "Edible Wood - A Modern Delicacy with a Rustic Flair". 14 May 2014. "Name - Jacaratia A.DC. ... Jacaratia is a genus of five species of plants formerly included with the papaya in Carica. They are native to South and ...
Carica papaya; Caricaceae), which is called pawpaw in some English dialects) Peach (of the normal and white variety) and its ... Carica papaya; Caricaceae) Passion fruit or granadilla (Passiflora edulis and other Passiflora spp.; Passifloraceae) Pawpaw ( ... Carica pentagona; Caricaceae) Bacuri (Platonia esculenta; Guttiferae) Bael, or woodapple (Aegle marmelos; Rutaceae) Banana ( ...
... carica (Huber-Mor.) E. Small Medicago crassipes (Boiss.) E. Small Medicago fischeriana (Ser.) Trautv. Medicago ...
"La carica dei Calogero". la Repubblica.it (in Italian). 10 May 2005. Retrieved 29 March 2016. "Santi di nome Calogero". Santi, ...
Carica papaya L. (ID 2007); "fish protein" (ID 651); acidic water-based, non-alcoholic flavoured beverages containing calcium ...
On the other hand, the common fig (Ficus carica) is a gynodioecious plant, as well as lofty fig or clown fig (F. aspera), ... F. carica, common fig - hardy to −10 °C (14 °F). Shrub or small tree which can be grown outdoors in mild temperate regions, ... Nine subfossil F. carica figs dated to about 9400-9200 BCE were found in the early Neolithic village Gilgal I (in the Jordan ... Ficus Ruminalis - a F. carica. *Plaksa - another supernatural fig in Hinduism; usually identified as F. religiosa but is ...
Derraik JG, Rademaker M (2007). "Phytophotodermatitis caused by contact with a fig tree (Ficus carica)". N Z Med J. 120 (1261 ... Of these, the common fig (Ficus carica) is well known and thoroughly documented. ... Like Ficus carica, the South American species Brosimum gaudichaudii has been shown to contain both psoralen and bergapten. ... an apparent reference to Ficus carica, the common fig. These ancient practices acknowledged the hyperpigmentation effects now ...
Villare, Renzo (12 January 1995). "Made in italy alla carica". La Stampa (in Italian). p. 30. Retrieved 5 February 2015. ...
An alkaloid of Carica papaya. Chemistry and pharmacology." Economic Botany (1971), 25(4), 363-365. Hornick, C. A.; Sanders, L. ...
"USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Carica papaya". Retrieved 2 January 2017. "USDA GRIN Taxonomy: Annona cherimola". Retrieved 5 January 2017 ... Carica and Vasconcellea) Cherimoya, sugar-apple, and soursop Pawpaw (Asimina) Dragon fruit/pitaya (Hylocereus and Stenocereus) ...
Maria Cristina Carratù (22 April 2010). "La carica dei partigiani junior. ANPI, tanti iscritti sotto il 30 anni". La Repubblica ... Italian resistance movement Armistice between Italy and Allied armed forces International Brigades "* La carica dei partigiani ... Gabriella Gallozzi (9 June 2010). ""Mi iscrivo all'Anpi perché..." La carica dei giovani partigiani". l'Unità (in Italian). ...
Campione d'Inghilterra in carica *^ Promosso dalla Second Division 1895-96 Fonti e bibliografia[modifica , modifica wikitesto] ...
Terminal, vegetative bud of Ficus carica. Buds are often useful in the identification of plants, especially for woody plants in ...
Ficus carica (Common fig) Morus sp. Phoenix sp. Prunus sp. Prunus dulcis (Almond) Theobroma cacao (Cacao tree) "GlobIZ search ...
Squadra carica e motivata"" (in Italian). tuttojuve.com. 13 February 2015. "Marchisio: "La fortuna ora comincia a girare"". ...
Beech) Ficus carica (Fig) Gaillardia spp. (Gaillardia) Geum spp. (Geum) Gleditsia spp. (Honey locust) Gypsophila paniculata ( ...
Carica papaya L. leaves have been used in ethnomedicine for the treatment of fevers and cancers. Despite its benefits, very few ...
... order pab carica papaya papain rabbit pab against carica papaya papain , How to use: pab carica p ... pab carica papaya papain rabbit pab against carica papaya papain , ... Papain (Carica papaya)Goat Dil.Serum NATIVE CARICA PAPAYA PAPAIN, Product Type Purified Protein, Specificity PAPAIN, Target ... rabbit PAb against Carica papaya Papain. Carica papaya Papain ELISA kit (for measuring papain residue contaminant in ...
This study aims to determine the effect of ethanol extract of papaya seeds (Carica papaya L.) on lipid profile parameters, ... Pengaruh Pemberian Ekstrak Etanol Biji Pepaya (Carica papaya L.) Terhadap Profil Lipid pada Tikus Putih (Rattus novergicus) ... Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian ekstrak etanol biji pepaya (Carica papaya L.) terhadap parameter ...
Chymopapain A was isolated from the dried latex of papaya (Carica papaya) by ion-exchange chromatography followed by covalent ...
Some better known species are the Common Fig (Ficus Carica); The Sycamore Fig (Ficus Sycomorus); the Weeping Fig (Ficus ...
The papaya plant- likewise called pawpaw in Australia and known clinically as Carica papaya- is most widely known for its tasty ...
... L. Moraceae. Fig, Adriatic fig, Black Mission fig, Brown Turkey fig, Calimyrna fig, Common fig, Higo, Kadotta fig ...
Carica portoricensis Urb. (from The Plant List). Carica posopora L. (from The Plant List). Carica pyriformis Willd. (from The ... Carica jamaicensis Urb. (from The Plant List). Carica jimenezii Bertoni (from The Plant List). Carica mamaya Vell. (from The ... Carica rochefortii Solms (from The Plant List). Carica sativa Tussac (from The Plant List). Papaya carica Gaertn. (from The ... Carica citriformis Jacq. (from The Plant List). Carica cubensis Solms (from The Plant List). Carica hermaphrodita Blanco (from ...
About FICUS CARICA (FIG) FRUIT: Ficus Carica (Fig) Fruit is a fruit of Ficus carica.. Function(s): Not Reported ...
KudoZ) Russian to Italian translation of переводная головка: corona di carica [orologi - Mechanics / Mech Engineering (Tech/ ... corona di carica. Explanation:. Si chiama la corona di carica.. Vedi qua: http://www.orologeria.com/italiano/rivista/rivista5 ... corona di carica. Explanation:. Si chiama la corona di carica.. Vedi qua: http://www.orologeria.com/italiano/rivista/rivista5 ... Guergana Krasteva: http://www.orologi.it/dizionario/corona-di-carica.htm 1 hr. ...
Carica pubescens = Vasconcellea pubescens (Mountain papaya or Chilean Carica) Carica pulchra = Vasconcellea pulchra Carica ... heterophylla Carica horovitziana = Vasconcellea horovitziana Carica longiflora = Vasconcellea longiflora Carica mexicana = ... Jacaratia mexicana Carica microcarpa = Vasconcellea microcarpa Carica monoica = Vasconcellea monoica Carica nana = Jarilla nana ... Carica candicans = Vasconcellea candicans (Mito) Carica caudata = Jarilla heterophylla Carica cauliflora = Vasconcellea ...
Queens University Directory of CBC Television Series (Carica-Tours archived listing link via archive.org) Carica-Tours at ... Carica-Tours was a weekly half-hour Canadian television series hosted by artist Jack Derr who illustrated story tours of ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
R. C. Badami and C. D. Daulatabad, "The component acids of Carica papaya (Caricaceae) seed oil," Journal of the Science of Food ... Methanolysis of Carica papaya Seed Oil for Production of Biodiesel. Foluso O. Agunbiade and Tolulope A. Adewole ...
Chen M, Chen C (1992) Plant regeneration from Carica protoplasts. Plant Cell Rep 11:404-407CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ... Litz RE, Conover RA (1981) In vitro polyembryony in Carica papaya L. ovules. Z Pflanzenphysiol 104:285-288CrossRefGoogle ... da Silva JAT, Rashid Z, Nhut DT, Sivakumar D, Gera A, Souza MT Jr, Tennant PF (2007) Papaya (Carica papaya L.) biology and ... de Moura Vale E et al (2014) Comparative proteomic analysis of somatic embryo maturation in Carica papaya L. Proteom Sci 12:1 ...
Carica Linn., Sp.Pl. 1036. 1753. Gen.Pl.ed.5.458.1754; Bailey, Stand.Cycl.Hort. 1:665. 1914; Benthal, Trees of Calc. 267. 1933 ...
Papaya (Carica papaya L.) is one of the major tropical fruit crops worldwide, but it is limited throughout its range by papaya ... Isolation and Characterisation of PRSV-P Resistance Genes in Carica and Vasconcellea. M. R. Razean Haireen1,2 and R. A. Drew2 ... S. V. Siar, G. A. Beligan, A. J. C. Sajise, V. N. Villegas, and R. A. Drew, "Papaya ringspot virus resistance in Carica papaya ... B. W. Porter, M. Paidi, R. Ming, M. Alam, W. T. Nishijima, and Y. J. Zhu, "Genome-wide analysis of Carica papaya reveals a ...
Caricas Discussions , Launched in 2007 and 24,000 strong we are the oldest and largest social network for moms who blog. Join ... Carica replied Jan 19, 2013 to Follow Me, Ill Follow you, You follow her, Shell Follow, too! ... Carica replied Jan 19, 2013 to Follow Me, Ill Follow you, You follow her, Shell Follow, too! ... Carica replied Jan 18, 2013 to Follow Me, Ill Follow you, You follow her, Shell Follow, too! ...
Ficus carica Linn. 无花果 Description from Flora of China. Shrubs, 3-10 m tall, many branched. Bark grayish brown, distinctly ...
Ficus carica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 1059. 1753. 无花果 wu hua guo Shrubs, 3-10 m tall, many branched. Bark grayish brown, distinctly ...
... and find where to buy Vintage 2006 Carica Syrah Sonoma County Kick Ranch ... Carica Wines: Carica Wines is making wine of extraordinary character from small lots of premium grapes. Part of the burgeoning ... Home » Wines » Red » Sonoma Valley » Carica Wines » Carica Syrah Sonoma County Kick Ranch » 2006 ... Carica Syrah Sonoma County Kick Ranch 2006 Winemakers Notes:. This single-vineyard cool climate Syrah is rich and intense. It ...
Carica papaya L. fruit juice and leaf extracts are known to have many beneficial medical properties. Recent reports have ... In vitro erythrocyte membrane stabilization properties of Carica papaya L. leaf extracts.. Ranasinghe P1, Ranasinghe P, ... In vitro erythrocyte membrane stabilization properties of Carica papaya L. leaf extracts ... In vitro erythrocyte membrane stabilization properties of Carica papaya L. leaf extracts ...
Bioactivity of Carica papaya (Caricaceae) against Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Salud Pérez-Gutiérrez 1, ... "Bioactivity of Carica papaya (Caricaceae) against Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)." Molecules 16, no. 9: 7502- ... Bioactivity of Carica papaya (Caricaceae) against Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Molecules. 2011; 16(9):7502- ... Bioactivity of Carica papaya (Caricaceae) against Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Molecules 2011, 16, 7502-7509 ...
tr,A0A0R5PAD2,A0A0R5PAD2_CARPA Ethylene insensitive 3-like 1 OS=Carica papaya OX=3649 GN=EIL1 PE=2 SV=1 ...
b,Fig Black Mission (Ficus carica) ,/b,,br,Black Mission Fig is the most famous fig in cultivation. It produces two ... Fig Black Mission (Ficus carica) Black Mission Fig is the most famous fig in cultivation. It produces two sizeable crops a ...
  • In 2004, according to Business Chile , they went into partnership and formed Tamaya Gourmet and immediately changed the papaya name to something more exotic, Chilean carica (taken from its scientific name, caricacea pubescens). (sandiegofoodstuff.com)
  • Papayuelo ( Carica goudotiana ) Orange Papaya ( C. monoica ), Papaya ( C. papaya ), Toronchi ( C. pubescens ), Chamburro ( C. stipulata ). (crfg.org)
  • Dulta, Kanika and Kumar, Avinash and Kumar Chauhan, Pankaj, Eco-friendly Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Carica Papaya Leaf Extract and Its Antibiogram Activity (December 10, 2018). (ssrn.com)
  • Witnessing a tremendous rise during the period from 2018 to 2023, the revenue in this carica papaya seed oil market is expected to reach US$ 245 million by the end of the forecast period. (zionmarketresearch.com)
  • Ascencio-Cabral A, Gutiérrez-Pulido H, Rodríguez-Garay B, Gutiérrez-Mora A (2008) Plant regeneration of Carica papaya L. through somatic embryogenesis in response to light quality, gelling agent and phloridzin. (springer.com)
  • Viral infection is one of the most serious biotic stresses, which disturbs the growth and productivity of many horticultural crops, including that of fig ( Ficus carica L.). The production of plants free of viruses, such as fig mosaic virus (FMV), has become a priority in many plant breeding programs. (springer.com)
  • The present study reports an eco-friendlier, cost efficient, rapid and easy method for synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Carica papaya plant leaf extract which act as reducing and capping agent. (ssrn.com)
  • Papaya is powerhouse of nutrients, minerals and three powerful anti-oxidants vitamin C, A and E, is the main constituent of the PLATIGRO.Carica papaya is the most popular and economically important plant. (neisslabs.com)
  • Ficus Carica, or the Fig Leaf, is part of the By Garmi Plant Series. (monpote.co.uk)
  • Hybrids of Babaco and other Carica spp. (crfg.org)
  • In the latest issue of Bioscience Reports (volume 39, issue 4), Gheith and El-Mahmoudy suggest that extract from the Carica papaya leaf may potentially be a natural remedy for patients with blood-related disorders due to its discovered blood homeostatic and nephroprotective abilities. (portlandpress.com)
  • In a previous study, novel and classical kidney injury biomarkers were utilized to evaluate the nephroprotective potential of Carica papaya leaf extract ( CPLE ) in the same model in albino rats. (portlandpress.com)
  • This study has aimed at utilization of novel and classical kidney function biomarkers to evaluate the nephroprotective potential of Carica papaya leaf extract (CPLE) in gentamicin nephrotoxicity model. (bioscirep.org)
  • This study demonstrated that in vitro micropropagation of Saudi F. carica infected with FMV virus led to the successful elimination of the virus. (springer.com)
  • Protective effects of Ficus carica leaves on glucose and lipids levels, carbohydrate metabolism enzymes andβ-cells in type 2 diabetic rats. (greenmedinfo.health)
  • F. carica leaves exerted significant effect on carbohydrate metabolism enzymes with promising hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activities in type 2 diabetic rats. (greenmedinfo.health)
  • Ficus carica ��� (Fig. 1) has simple leaves, � broadly shape, acute apex and subcordate base, more or less irrgular deeply cut into 3 � 5 palmate, coarsely irregular � margin, measuring 6�18 cm long and 5�15 cm wide, petiolate. (ethnoleaflets.com)
  • was equipped by brewing Carica papaya leaves with water in a. (mafiadoc.com)
  • The ethyl acetate extract (250 and 500 mg/kg) of F. carica leaves was administered for 28 days. (greenmedinfo.health)
  • The ethyl acetate extract (250 and 500 mg/kg) of n F. carica leaves showed significant effect (p (greenmedinfo.health)
  • F. carica has been reported to have numerous bioactive compounds such as arabinose, -amyrins, - carotines, glycosides, -setosterols and xanthotoxol (Gilani et al . (ethnoleaflets.com)
  • It was easy to pull out the flavor and texture of the carica in the salsa, which reminded me of mangoes but with a hint of pineapple-like tartness. (sandiegofoodstuff.com)
  • Parchem Fine & Specialty Chemicals, R K Products, Katyani Exports, Augustus Oils Limited, Cosmark Pty Ltd, Suyash Herbs Exports Private Limited, and Grenera Nutrients Private Limited, and Lotus Garden Botanicals are some of the key vendors of carica papaya seed oil across the world. (zionmarketresearch.com)
  • These players across carica papaya seed oil market are focusing aggressively on innovation, as well as on including advanced technologies in their existing products. (zionmarketresearch.com)
  • Mounting acceptance of personal grooming products along with escalating demand for herbal & ayurvedic cosmetics and natural treatments will propel the growth of carica papaya seed oil market," says the author of this carica papaya seed oil market study. (zionmarketresearch.com)
  • The easy availability and massive popularity of substitute products over papaya seed oil, however, is the major factor inhibiting the expansion of carica papaya seed oil market. (zionmarketresearch.com)
  • Mounting awareness about skin care and enhanced use of herbal & natural cosmetic products is the main factor behind the dominance of the Asia Pacific carica papaya seed oil market. (zionmarketresearch.com)
  • The seed products of Carica papaya have been proven as potential male contraceptives in laboratory animals. (scialert.net)