Pathological conditions of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM caused by infections.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The veins and arteries of the HEART.
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.
Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Any tests that demonstrate the relative efficacy of different chemotherapeutic agents against specific microorganisms (i.e., bacteria, fungi, viruses).
Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.
Infections by bacteria, general or unspecified.
Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES of all sizes. There are many forms classified by the types of lesions and arteries involved, such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS with fatty lesions in the ARTERIAL INTIMA of medium and large muscular arteries.
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.
A species of CHLAMYDOPHILA that causes acute respiratory infection, especially atypical pneumonia, in humans, horses, and koalas.
Surface ligands, usually glycoproteins, that mediate cell-to-cell adhesion. Their functions include the assembly and interconnection of various vertebrate systems, as well as maintenance of tissue integration, wound healing, morphogenic movements, cellular migrations, and metastasis.
Cytokine-induced cell adhesion molecule present on activated endothelial cells, tissue macrophages, dendritic cells, bone marrow fibroblasts, myoblasts, and myotubes. It is important for the recruitment of leukocytes to sites of inflammation. (From Pigott & Power, The Adhesion Molecule FactsBook, 1993, p154)
Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDOPHILA.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CHLAMYDIA.
A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Infections resulting from the implantation of prosthetic devices. The infections may be acquired from intraoperative contamination (early) or hematogenously acquired from other sites (late).
A device designed to stimulate, by electric impulses, contraction of the heart muscles. It may be temporary (external) or permanent (internal or internal-external).
Implantable devices which continuously monitor the electrical activity of the heart and automatically detect and terminate ventricular tachycardia (TACHYCARDIA, VENTRICULAR) and VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION. They consist of an impulse generator, batteries, and electrodes.
Removal of an implanted therapeutic or prosthetic device.
Types of artificial pacemakers with implantable leads to be placed at multiple intracardial sites. They are used to treat various cardiac conduction disturbances which interfere with the timing of contraction of the ventricles. They may or may not include defibrillating electrodes (IMPLANTABLE DEFIBRILLATORS) as well.
Inflammation of the inner lining of the heart (ENDOCARDIUM), the continuous membrane lining the four chambers and HEART VALVES. It is often caused by microorganisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and rickettsiae. Left untreated, endocarditis can damage heart valves and become life-threatening.
Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.
The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.
A viral disorder characterized by high FEVER, dry COUGH, shortness of breath (DYSPNEA) or breathing difficulties, and atypical PNEUMONIA. A virus in the genus CORONAVIRUS is the suspected agent.
A species of CORONAVIRUS causing atypical respiratory disease (SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME) in humans. The organism is believed to have first emerged in Guangdong Province, China, in 2002. The natural host is the Chinese horseshoe bat, RHINOLOPHUS sinicus.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A genus of the family CORONAVIRIDAE which causes respiratory or gastrointestinal disease in a variety of vertebrates.
Fever in which the etiology cannot be ascertained.
A class I viral fusion protein that forms the characteristic spikes, or peplomers, found on the viral surface that mediate virus attachment, fusion, and entry into the host cell. During virus maturation, it is cleaved into two subunits: S1, which binds to receptors in the host cell, and S2, which mediates membrane fusion.
A strain of Staphylococcus aureus that is non-susceptible to the action of METHICILLIN. The mechanism of resistance usually involves modification of normal or the presence of acquired PENICILLIN BINDING PROTEINS.
Non-susceptibility of a microbe to the action of METHICILLIN, a semi-synthetic penicillin derivative.
Infections with bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.
Infections to the skin caused by bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.
One of the PENICILLINS which is resistant to PENICILLINASE but susceptible to a penicillin-binding protein. It is inactivated by gastric acid so administered by injection.
Persons admitted to health facilities which provide board and room, for the purpose of observation, care, diagnosis or treatment.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Health care services provided to patients on an ambulatory basis, rather than by admission to a hospital or other health care facility. The services may be a part of a hospital, augmenting its inpatient services, or may be provided at a free-standing facility.
Organized services in a hospital which provide medical care on an outpatient basis.
Inflammation of the ENDOCARDIUM caused by BACTERIA that entered the bloodstream. The strains of bacteria vary with predisposing factors, such as CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; HEART VALVE DISEASES; HEART VALVE PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION; or intravenous drug use.
Professional society representing the field of medicine.

Purulent pericarditis caused by group a streptococcus. (1/9)

Purulent pericarditis is a rare disease that is most often caused by organisms such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, viridans streptococci, Haemophilus influenzae, and anaerobic bacteria. We present an unusual case of purulent pericarditis caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, Lancefield group A streptococcus (GAS), and we provide a review of the literature.  (+info)

Pericardial tamponade masquerading as septic shock. (2/9)

A 53-year-old man with steroid dependent rheumatoid arthritis presented with fever and serous articular drainage. Oral antibiotics were initially prescribed. Subsequent hemodynamic instability was attributed to septic shock. Further evaluation revealed a pericardial effusion with tamponade. Pericardiocentesis of purulent fluid promptly corrected the hypotension. Proteus mirabilis was later isolated from both the infected joint and the pericardial fluid. This is the first report of combined Proteus mirabilis septic arthritis and purulent pericarditis. It documents the potential for atypical transmission of Gram-negative pathogens, to the pericardium, in patients with a high likelihood of preexisting pericardial disease. In immunocompromised patients, the typical signs and symptoms of pericarditis may be absent, and the clinical presentation of pericardial tamponade may be misinterpreted as one of septic shock. This case underscores the value of a careful physical examination and proper interpretation of ancillary studies. It further illustrates the importance of initial antibiotic selection and the need for definitive treatment of septic arthritis in immunocompromised patients.  (+info)

Bacterial pericarditis and tamponade due to nonencapsulated Haemophilus influenzae complicating a case of adult community-acquired pneumonia. (3/9)

We report a case of bacterial pericarditis in an immunologically competent adult female caused by nonencapsulated Haemophilus influenzae (H influenzae) that was complicated by the acute development of life-threatening pericardial tamponade. H influenzae is a gram-negative coccobacillus, a pathogen most frequently associated with childhood exanthema (otitis media, meningitis) and, less frequently, adult pneumonia. Encapsulated, type b, or typable H influenzae is the strain implicated in childhood infections. On the other hand, nonencapsulated or nontypable H influenzae is the specific strain most often associated with exacerbation of chronic obstructive airway disease. Bacterial pericarditis caused by either subtype of H influenzae is exceedingly rare. We have located only 15 previously reported cases of H influenzae pericarditis occurring in adults in the world medical literature, the majority of which date back to the pre-antibiotic era. In 12 of these 15 cases (the only cases in which typing could be accomplished), the encapsulated strain of H influenzae was cultured from the pericardial fluid. Thus, to the best of our knowledge, we are reporting here the first case of bacterial pericarditis caused by nonencapsulated H influenzae in an immunologically competent adult.  (+info)

Complications after transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus. (4/9)

To evaluate the short- and mid-term results and complications ensuing the transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Between October 1999 and December 2005, 117 patients (34 males and 83 females) underwent attempted percutaneous closure of PDA with a minimum diameter of more than 3 mm. Follow-up evaluations were conducted at 1 day and 1, 3, 6, 12 months after the performance of the transcatheter closure. The median age of patients at catheterization was 11 yr (range, 0.6 to 68 yr), median weight was 30 kg (range, 6 to 74 kg), and the median diameter of PDA was 4 mm (range, 3 to 8 mm). This procedure was conducted successfully in 114 patients (97.4%), using different devices. Major complications were detected in 4 patients (3.4%); significant hemolysis (2), infective endocarditis (1), failed procedure due to embolization (1). Minor complications occurred in 6 patients (5.1%); mild narrowing of the descending aorta (2) and mild encroachment on the origin of the left pulmonary artery (4). Although the transcatheter closure of PDA may be considered to be effective, several complications, including hemolysis, embolization, infective endocarditis, and the narrowing of adjacent vessels may occur in certain cases.  (+info)

Long-term follow-up of biopsy-proven viral myocarditis: predictors of mortality and incomplete recovery. (5/9)

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Usefulness of fluorine-18 positron emission tomography/computed tomography for identification of cardiovascular implantable electronic device infections. (6/9)

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Equine pericardial roll graft replacement of infected pseudoaneurysm of the aortic arch. (7/9)

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Equine pericardial roll graft replacement of infected pseudoaneurysm of the ascending aorta. (8/9)

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The goal of the group of Dr Josep Maria Miró, Endocarditis. Cardiovascular infections. Experimental model, is to prevent and optimise the diagnosis of endo...
FAQ • Cardiovascular Infections. On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases from either several symptoms or a full patient history. A similarity measure between symptoms and diseases is provided.
For more than 20 years, BroadcastMed has been innovating digital strategies for healthcare organizations. The company was first in the world to broadcast live surgeries on the internet using its ORLive solution which provides an intimate look inside the operating room.. ...
J Am Heart Assoc 2020 Aug 18;9(16)e015351, S Greulich, A Seitz, KAL Müller, S Grün, P Ong, N Ebadi, KP Kreisselmeier, P Seizer, R Bekeredjian, C Zwadlo, C Gräni, K Klingel, M Gawaz, U Sechtem, H ...
Supervisor: Dr Weng Chan, Professor Paul Williams, and Dr Sarah Kuehne (University of Birmingham). Propionibacterium acnes, an aerotolerant anaerobic Gram-positive organism, is commonly known as a skin commensal due to its colonisation of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles. However, P. acnes can act as an opportunistic pathogen to cause invasive infections, particularly those associated with medical implants. P. acnes is the most frequently isolated pathogen in prosthetic shoulder joint infections, and is increasingly found in medical device-related cerebro- and cardiovascular infections. Until recently, P. acnes has been susceptible to a wide range of antibiotics. However, over the past 2 decades, resistance to metronidazole, macrolides, tetracycline and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole has been observed with increasing frequency. Hence, new classes of antibiotics are necessary to specifically combat medical device-associated infections caused by P. acnes.. Teixobactin is a recently ...
At variance with Pa02st and Ve, which tended to return toward normal as a consequence of the pro-gressive recovery of perfusion during the first week or the first month, the P(A-a)02, P(a-A)C02, and Vd/ Vt%, even after appropriate treatment, showed the persistence of some abnormalities six months later. The incomplete recovery of perfusion and of…. Read more ...
This second example shows an exception being caught and recovered from. Altough the lower level connectDB method is unable to do anything but throw an error when one database connection fails, the upper level connect method knows the object can go by with any one of the configured databases. Since the error was recovered from, the exception is silenced at this level and not rethrown.. The last example illustrates incomplete recovery:. ...
Chlamydia pneumoniae is detectable in the blood vessels of patients suffering from arteriosclerosis. Risk for arteriosclerosis is modulated by the apolipoprotein E (apoE) allele. We assessed the significance of the apoE genotype as a risk factor for vascular C. pneumoniae infection by determining the genotype of 30 coronary heart disease patients with PCR-proven C. pneumoniae infection of coronary artery tissue. The apoE genotype is not distinctly associated with an increased risk for vascular C. pneumoniae infection.. ...
Bacterial pericarditis is an infection of the pericardium, which is a thin membrane that protects your heart. Read more about how to treat this infection.
Patients with myocarditis tend to be young and outcome can be highly variable. In this analysis, the authors show that patients with biopsy-proven myocarditis warrant close clinical follow-up, especially if abnormalities on CMR are noted. Examining survival based on the presence of LGE, the survival curves separated late (more than 1 year after presentation). Because LGE represents scar, LGE likely identifies a ventricle less likely to recover after the initial viral insult. While this is a low-powered study due to the fact that it is a single-center analysis of an uncommon disease, LGE identified 97% (28 of 29) of patients who had a cardiac death from myocarditis. However, only 28% (28 of 99) of myocarditis patients with LGE died. While CMR sensitivity for the detection of myocarditis is poor (53%), it identifies higher risk myocarditis patients. Patients with myocarditis who have LGE should be watched closely for several years. However, data are insufficient to become complacent in those ...
The market is still feeling the effects of one of the coldest stretches in the last 30 years. Thats mainly in the form of a reduced storage inventory that has staged a solid but incomplete recovery thanks to record production and static demand.
We examined the hypothesis that stromal fibroblasts modulate the power of endothelial cells (EC) to recruit lymphocytes within a site-specific way. source. Within the dermal co-cultures, neutralisation of IL-6 or TGF- triggered incomplete recovery of cytokine-induced lymphocyte adhesion; this is comprehensive when both had been neutralised. Exogenous IL-6 was also discovered to inhibit reaction to TNF-+IFN-. Regular stromal fibroblasts may actually regulate the cytokine-sensitivity of vascular endothelium, while fibroblasts connected with chronic irritation bypass this and create a straight inflammatory phenotype. Activities of IL-6 may be pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory, with regards SRT3190 to the regional milieu. 309 cells/mm2/106 perfused SRT3190 for EC mono-cultures; meanSEM; 29 which might donate to the augmentation of adhesion in synovial co-cultures. Nevertheless, down-regulation of adhesion by co-culture with dermal fibroblasts had not been associated with decrease in the ...
There is great discussion about non-confluent pulmonary artery (PA) reconstruction, and several materials have been used. Autologous pericardium is considered feasible for infectious resistance, autoimmune response, extensibility, and growth potential. The patient was born at 39 weeks (body mass = 2550 g). He was diagnosed with tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia, non-confluent PA, and bilateral patent ductus arteriosus. Right and left Blalock-Taussig shunts with patent ductus arteriosus ligations were placed on day 27 and 3 months, respectively. At 19 months (8.8 kg), definitive repair was performed with tricuspid valved conduit concurrent with PA reconstruction using an autologous pericardium roll conduit. The autologous pericardium was treated with glutaraldehyde (autologous pericardium fixed with 0.4% glutaraldehyde for 7 min and rolled as conduit - 12 mm in diameter and 30 mm in length). Following an incision on the visceral side of the PAs before the 1st branch, the autologous pericardial roll
bacterial pericarditis - Chinese - English Dictionary with Pinyin & Handwriting Recognition. View stroke orders for each character too!
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
According to this study, there was a significant difference in the risk of complications after lipoma resection depending on the presence of a capsule. Firstly, the authors concluded that in an encapsulated lipoma, the margins with the surrounding soft tissue are clear; therefore, capsule-containing resection is possible. However, in a nonencapsulated lipoma, it is difficult to define the plane of resection, which can increase the likelihood of delayed wound healing.. Secondly, nonencapsulated lipomas are more likely than encapsulated lipomas to develop in a dependent position. In this study, nine nonencapsulated lipomas occurred in the posterior aspect of the neck and 12 nonencapsulated lipomas occurred in the back, which was significantly higher than the incidence of encapsulated lipomas in those areas. If patients spend a long time lying down, with continuous irregular application of pressure over the site, the resultant poor circulation could aggravate the wound healing process.. Instead of ...
substrate oxidation such as that of glucose, fatty acids and amino acids, are based on tracer (14C or13C) data, and often depend on the isotopic content of expired CO2. The recovery of tracer-labelled CO2 generated from the oxidation of13C labelled substrates may not be 100% over short term. This can lead to underestimation of oxidation rate of substrates, and consequently a correction for the incomplete recovery of tracer has to be applied by the determination of the recovery of13CO2 in the breath during tracer bicarbonate infusions. We have studied the recovery of tracer-labelled bicarbonate using a bolus administration model, and further characterized kinetics of bicarbonate using a three-compartment model, to assess which compartmental fluxes changed during the change from a fasted state to fed state. Recovery of bicarbonate was lower at 69% and 67% (fasted and fed state) than the value of 71% and 74% found during earlier longer term of continuous infusions. During feeding, there was a ...
Roughly 25% of HIV-infected persons who receive anti-retroviral therapy may experience a delayed and incomplete recovery of CD4+ T cells. These persons have bee...
Concussion is an ongoing public health initiative, due to high prevalence and potentially serious long-term consequences that may arise from incomplete recovery and improper…
Cardiovascular implantable electronic devices include pacemakers and cardioverter-defibrillators. Remote monitoring systems provide physicians with information from the implantable cardiac devices with little time delay.
Define pericardial tamponade. pericardial tamponade synonyms, pericardial tamponade pronunciation, pericardial tamponade translation, English dictionary definition of pericardial tamponade. pericardial tamponade. Translations. English: pericardial tamponade n. tampomiento pericárdico, compresión del corazón debido a una acumulación.
Listeria monocytogenes is a rare pathogen that principally affects neonates, pregnant women and immunosuppressed patients. It most commonly causes gastroenteritis in healthy adults and central nervous system infection in immunosuppressed patients. Cardiovascular infection due to Listeria monocytogenes is rare and tends to cause endocarditis.1 This article presents the case of a mycotic aortic aneurysm due to Listeria monocytogenes.. A 76-year-old man with a history of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidaemia and ischaemic heart disease attended the emergency department following 2 months of general discomfort, hyporexia, low back pain and 7kg weight loss in the previous 2 weeks. The patient was afebrile and the physical examination revealed no significant findings. The vascular examination found distal pulses in both lower limbs. Bloods were normal, except for blood glucose at 460mg/dl. The chest and abdominal X-rays were normal. After normalising the patients blood glucose levels, ...
A systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines [ 17 ]. Medline, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched from February
Outcomes in patients with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices and bacteremia caused by Gram-positive cocci other than Staphylococcus aureus.: Patients
The BIOTRONIK sponsored REPLACE study1,2 is the first prospective, multicenter trial to examine a broad range of complications related to replacement of all companies cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIED) which includes both pacemakers and ICDs (implantable cardiac defibrillators)
(HealthDay)-Cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) have distinct clinical features and outcomes, according ...
List of 12 disease causes of Pericardial tamponade, patient stories, diagnostic guides. Diagnostic checklist, medical tests, doctor questions, and related signs or symptoms for Pericardial tamponade.
Intracellular pH (pHi) is an important factor for understanding cellular processes associated with the response of central neurons to metabolic disturbances such as anoxia or ischemia. In the present study, pHi was fluorometrically measured in 2′7′-bis(carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescin (BCECF)-filled, voltage-clamped dorsal vagal neurons (DVN) of brainstem slices from rats during metabolic disturbances activating ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels. Chemical anoxia induced by cyanide, rotenone or p-trifluoromethoxy-phenylhydrazone (FCCP) decreased pHi by ,0.4 pH units. Untreated neurons with normal pHi baseline (7.2) responded to glucose-free superfusate after a delay of 7-16 min with a progressive fall of pHi. In contrast, pHi increased by ,0.2 pH units after 10 min in cells that had a mean pHi of 6.8 due to incomplete recovery from a CN-induced acid load prior to glucose depletion. Metabolic arrest, induced by cyanide in glucose-free solution after 30 min preincubation in glucose-free ...
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Physician assistants and nurse practitioners use Clinical Advisor for updated medical guidance to diagnose and treat common medical conditions in daily practice.
BACKGROUND:Cardiac device infection (CDI) is a serious complication of cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) implantations. Many risk factors have been identified, but several are still uncertain. This study aimed to identify and evaluate the risk factors. Moreover, an infection control protocol (ICP) was carried out, and its efficacy in reducing CDIs was investigated. MATERIAL AND METHODS:A total of 1259 patients who received permanent pacemaker (PPM) implantations were enrolled in this study in a 3-year period in a high-volume center and low-volume centers in the central area of Shaanxi Province, China. Follow-up data of all enrolled patients were collected. The risk factors for CDIs were identified and analyzed. The ICP was adopted in the low-volume centers. Data, including CDI rates, medical costs, and microbiology, were collected and compared. RESULTS:Male gender, diabetes, CKD, operation duration, PPM replacement, and low center volume were identified as the risk factors for CDIs.
The Lead Extraction Pocket Guide is based on the latest guidelines of the Heart Rhythm Society and was developed with their collaboration. This practical quick-reference tool contains graded recommendations for evaluation and management of patients suspected of having problems with cardiovascular implantable electronic device leads. Topics include infection, lead removal vs. abandonment in place and other management strategies. Spiral-Bound 20 Pages 80# Diamond Silk Cover with Satin Aqueous Coating 4.25″ x 7.25″
Its time to practice what you learned last time. Were gonna run you through some pericardial tamponade cases and test you. Will you make the right deci
Turns out that pericardial tamponade is bad. Your patient dies if you dont diagnose and treat it. The problem is, this is something you dont do very o
According to Garmins website, Body Battery combines heart rate variability (HRV), stress, and activity data to calculate the users likely energy reserves. It uses this information to generate a number between 1-100, where 100 is maximum energy.. HRV is a useful measurement of sympathetic nervous system dominance. The sympathetic nervous system is responsible for the fight or flight response and is associated with increased heart rate, suppressed immunity, digestion, and anxiety, among other things. Normally, when we exhale, we become slightly more parasympathetic, meaning our body slightly relaxes. This is indicated by a slight decrease in heart rate, providing us with variability.. If the heart rate does not change as much during exhalation - if variability is low - it suggests the body is too stressed to calm itself down. This tends to correlate with physiological arousal, illness, toxicity, psychological stress, hunger, or incomplete recovery.. ...
Background-Lead-related or valve-related endocarditis can complicate cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infection in patients with both CIED and prosthetic valves. The objective of this study was to determine the outcomes of transvenous lead extraction for CIED infection in patients
Several studies have identified characteristics associated with CIED infections. In a single-center case-control study,18 case subjects were more likely to have diabetes mellitus and heart failure and to have undergone generator replacement; renal dysfunction (glomerular filtration rate ,60 mL · min−1 · 1.72 m−2) had the strongest (odds ratio [OR] 4.8) association with CIED infection. Renal dysfunction was also associated with risk of CIED infection in a more recent nested case-control investigation.19 In addition, Lekkerkerker et al19 identified oral anticoagulant use as an associated risk factor for infection. In another single-center case-control study, 29 patients with PPM infection were included, and long-term corticosteroid use (OR=13.9) and the presence of more than 2 pacing leads (OR=5.41) were identified as independent correlates of device infection.20. In addition to patient factors, procedural characteristics may also play an important role in the development of CIED infection. ...
Pericarditis is a condition in which the sac-like covering around the heart (pericardium) becomes inflamed. A characteristics chest pain is often present. The hearts sits in the center of the chest and is surrounded by a sac called the pericardium. This sac has two layers, one that fits tightly onto the heart muscle and another looser layer surrounding the inner layer. Inflammation of these tissue layers surrounding the heart is referred to as pericarditis.. Causes of Pericarditis Pericarditis is usually a complication of viral infections, most commonly echovirus or coxsackie virus. Less frequently, it is caused by influenza or HIV infection. Infections with bacteria can lead to bacterial pericarditis (also called purulent pericarditis). Some fungal infections can also produce pericarditis. There are many causes of pericarditis. Most often the cause is unknown. In this case, the condition is called idiopathic pericarditis.. The causes of pericarditis are varied, including viral infections of the ...
Over 140 US hospitals and clinics have signed up for Medtronics risk-sharing program that seeks to lower infection rates with pacemakers and defibrillators through the use of the companys Tyrx Antibacterial Envelope. Under the program, a substantial rebate will be paid by Medtronic toward the $50,000 cost of replacing an infected Medtronic device if the earlier surgery used a Tyrx envelope, which dissolves in weeks and delivers antibiotics to the pocket around the heart.
The venous input matches the ventricular output by the end of systole, and the intra-pericardial space is once again full. When diastolic ventricular relaxation ensues, loss of blood from the atria does not relieve atrial pressure because the hydraulic action of the displaced pericardial fluid now impinges on the emptying atria. Right atrial communication with the engorged systemic venous reservoir also tends to maintain a high level of pressure in the atria, preventing the y-descent and often producing a y-ascent ...
Bacterial, fungal, and viral infections may involve the pericardium (pericarditis), although viral pericarditis is more common than bacterial pericarditis in both children and adults. Awareness of this disease has increased because of the introduction of noninvasive diagnostic techniques, such as echocardiography, computed tomography (CT), an...
UCL Discovery is UCLs open access repository, showcasing and providing access to UCL research outputs from all UCL disciplines.
Benjamin Gauter-Fleckenstein · Carsten W. Israel · Marc Dorenkamp · Jürgen Dunst · Mattias Roser ·. Rainer Schimpf · Volker Steil · Jörg Schäfer · Ulrike Höller · Frederik Wenz. ...
therapy can assist young people to gain awareness It is also recommended that clozapine be introduced of, and control over, things that trigger or exacerbate early in the course of incomplete recovery from symptoms. These may be internal or external events psychosis. Clozapine should be considered when that the young person can learn to exert an influence symptoms persist despite the sequential use of two over and, therefore, regain some power over their SGAs (at effective doses) for at least 6-8 weeks. Clozapine has been shown to be effective for both Psychological therapy for persistent positive psychotic positive and negative persistent symptoms of symptoms draws on psychoeducation, CBT principles psychosis. While many antipsychotic medications and the personal meaning of psychosis for the are thought to have mind-dulling effects linked individual. Components include: with negative symptoms, clozapine does not seem to have this effect. In addition, there is a low risk • developing a ...
Liposomes are currently being investigated as potential parenterally used drug carriers. The main factor that influences the in vivo behavior of such liposomes is their vesicle size. A detailed and reliable knowledge of vesicle size is therefore necessary in order to interpret results of physical and biological investigations in a correct manner. It has earlier been discovered that it is feasible to determine the size distribution of vesicle dispersions in a reliable manner and it appears especially useful to employ the combination of SEC fractionation, PCS and the enzymatic PC quantitation. A drawback discovered was for certain liposome dispersions that in some of the dispersions SEC fractionation showed incomplete recovery of the vesicles. This indicated a demand for a different fractionation method which does not have the limitations that the SEC method described above has. To this end flow field-flow fractionation was chosen. In a previous study the influence of some key factors such as ...
In 2015, the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) proposed a conceptual definition that applies to all types of SE: (1) SE starts as a condition resulting from failure of seizure-termination mechanisms or the initiation of pathological mechanisms that likely lead to continuous seizure activity, and (2) SE creates long-term consequences that begin to occur after the onset of SE, including neuronal death, neuronal injury, and alteration of neuronal networks. This definition hinges on the identification of the semiology of SE: the clinical manifestations of seizure activity (Table 16-1). Specifically for generalized CSE, criterion 1 is defined when seizures last longer than 5 minutes and criterion 2 occurs at the point that long-term consequences begin to appear, around 30 minutes.1 Convulsive SE is also defined as recurrent seizures between which there is incomplete recovery of consciousness.4 ...
A case of Brucella melitensis endocarditis in a patient with cardiovascular implantable electronic device Wasl Al-Adsani, Ali Ahmad, Mohammad Al-Mousa Department of Internal Medicine, Mubarak Al-Kabeer Hospital, Jabriya, Kuwait Background: Brucellosis is a bacterial infection, caused by the nonmotile gram-negative aerobic coccobacilli. The clinical manifestation of brucellosis is variable, ranging from mild disease to severe disease. The gold standard test to confirm the diagnosis of brucellosis is assaying blood, bone marrow, or other body fluids or by tissue culture. Preferred first-line treatment in adults with uncomplicated, nonlocalized disease consists of doxycycline–aminoglycoside combination. The recommended duration of treatment is 6 weeks. Cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infection caused by brucellosis is rare and has been reported in a few case study series. We report a case of Brucella melitensis infection of CIED where, contrary to most authorities
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of volume expansion and vasodilators in acute pericardial tamponade. AU - Gascho, J. A.. AU - Martins, J. B.. AU - Marcus, M. L.. AU - Kerber, R. E.. PY - 1981/1/1. Y1 - 1981/1/1. N2 - Pharmacologic therapy may be useful as emergency treatment for acute pericardial tamponade while preparing for pericardiocentesis. We studied the effects of volume expansion and vasodilators in acute pericardial tamponade in spontaneously breathing mongrel dogs. Hemodynamic parameters and blood flow (15-μm microspheres) to brain, heart, kidney, colon, stomach, liver, and temporalis muscle were measured. Arterial pressure and cardiac output rose, and blood flow to all major organs, except stomach, increased after volume expansion (n=17) by infusion of 20 ml/kg of dextran after tamponade. With nitroprusside (8-75 μg/min) after volume expansion (n=5), ventricular filling pressures were reduced to control levels, whereas the favorable effects of volume expansion on cardiac output, blood ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Safety and outcomes of magnetic resonance imaging in patients with abandoned pacemaker and defibrillator leads. AU - Higgins, John V.. AU - Gard, Joseph J.. AU - Sheldon, Seth H.. AU - Espinosa, Raul E.. AU - Wood, Christopher P.. AU - Felmlee, Joel P.. AU - Cha, Yong Mei. AU - Asirvatham, Samuel J.. AU - Dalzell, Connie. AU - Acker, Nancy. AU - Watson, Robert E.. AU - Friedman, Paul A.. PY - 2014/10/1. Y1 - 2014/10/1. N2 - Introduction Abandoned cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) leads remain a contraindication to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies, largely due to in vitro data showing endocardial heating secondary to the radiofrequency field. We tested the hypothesis that abandoned CIED leads do not pose an increased risk of clinical harm for patients undergoing MRI.Methods This single-center retrospective study examined the outcomes of patients who had device generators removed before MRI, rendering the device leads abandoned. Information was gathered ...
This medical exhibit depicts thoracic aortic dissection with pericardial tamponade in a series of illustrations. Labeled blood vessel layers include the tunica adventitia (outer layer), tunica media (middle layer) and tunica intima (inner layer). Shows the intimal layer tear progressing from a balloon-like structure in the aortic arch to a rupture of the proximal aorta with bleeding into the pericardial cavity. This condition, pericardial (cardiac) tamponade, is life-threatening and greatly reduces the hearts ability to function.
Hi All, I am looking for various ways to analyse medio-lateral control (stability) of the knee joint during single-leg landing following a hop. There is a method suggested by Roos et al. (2014). I would appreciate hearing some suggestions, on this, from the members of this group. Roos PE, Button K, Sparkes V, van Deursen RWM. Altered biomechanical strategies and medio-lateral control of the knee represent incomplete recovery of individuals with injury during single leg hop. Journal of
Hi All, I am looking for various ways to analyse medio-lateral control (stability) of the knee joint during single-leg landing following a hop. There is a method suggested by Roos et al. (2014). I would appreciate hearing some suggestions, on this, from the members of this group. Roos PE, Button K, Sparkes V, van Deursen RWM. Altered biomechanical strategies and medio-lateral control of the knee represent incomplete recovery of individuals with injury during single leg hop. Journal of
Ultrasound has great potential to improve our diagnostic accuracy, particularly in the shocked patient. Previously we relied on assumptions from the history combined with difficult-to-elicit signs in the sick patient to diagnose rare conditions such as pericardial tamponade. Now we have ultrasound!! Consider pericardiocentesis in the shocked patient with a large pleural effusion on ultrasound (and no other obvious explanation or contraindication). ...
... the clinical spectrum of disease associated with infection varies depending on the site of infection; for example, infection ... and infection is usually acquired during childhood. Other types cause sporadic infection and occasional outbreaks; for example ... Adenovirus infections most commonly cause illness of the respiratory system; however, depending on the infecting serotype, they ... Most infections are mild and require no therapy or only symptomatic treatment. Because there is no virus-specific therapy, ...
... is an infection by human papillomavirus (HPV).[4] Most HPV infections cause no symptoms and ... HPV infection of the skin in the genital area is the most common sexually transmitted infection worldwide.[11] Such infections ... Skin infection ("cutaneous" infection) with HPV is very widespread.[19] Skin infections with HPV can cause noncancerous skin ... Genital infections[edit]. Since cervical and female genital infection by specific HPV types is highly associated with cervical ...
... and eye and respiratory infections. Long-term concerns include cancer and kidney; liver; respiratory; cardiovascular; brain; ...
Of the two, impaired glucose tolerance better predicts cardiovascular disease and mortality.[14][15][16] ... Recurring vaginal or bladder infections. *High Body Mass Index (BMI) result[9] ... 2007). "Risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality in individuals with diabetes mellitus, impaired fasting glucose, and ... It is considered a pre-diabetic state, associated with insulin resistance and increased risk of cardiovascular pathology, ...
Research within the Institute is advanced through six Research Groups: • Cardiovascular Research • Cell Biology • Infection, ...
Cardiovascular system[edit]. Cardiac toxicity can result from improper injection of agent into a vessel. Even with proper ... However, infections are very seldom transmitted. Cardiac toxicity associated with overdose of intravascular injection of local ... Acute pain may occur due to trauma, surgery, infection, disruption of blood circulation, or many other conditions in which ... This could be caused by a variety of reasons including trauma during injection, infection, an allergic reaction, haematoma or ...
Infection of macrophages by B. abortus is stimulated by blue light in the wild type, but is limited in photochemically inactive ... 95%). Cardiovascular involvement is low (endocarditis at 2%), but is the major cause of mortality. Often, valve replacement and ... Pulmonary infection can be from inhalation or hematogenous sources, and can cause any chest syndrome. Rarely is Brucella ... Localized infection can occur. Blood donations of infected persons should not be accepted. Congenitally infected infants can ...
The Department of Infection, Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease is a research centre for immunology, cardiology and imaging. ... "Department of Infection, Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease , Medical School , The University of Sheffield". www.sheffield.ac. ... Infection, Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease; Neuroscience; and Oncology and Metabolism, and is active in three fields of ... The Medical School has currently 18 research themes, which are: bone and joint; cancer; cardiovascular disease; cerebrovascular ...
Guidelines for the management of absolute cardiovascular disease risk Hepatitis C infection in dialysis Chronic kidney disease ... Johnson, David W. (2010). Hepatitis C infection in dialysis. New York, USA: Nova Science Publishers, Inc. Johnson, David (2007 ... Johnson, David (2012). Guidelines for the management of absolute cardiovascular disease risk. Australia: National Stroke ... Founding Member of the NHMRC-endorsed Cardiovascular and Renal Centre of Clinical Research Excellence (CCRE), Member of the ...
For people who are at especially high risk of developing infections, the sputum can be cultured to test for the presence of ... Bastos R, Calhoon JH, Baisden CE (2008). "Flail chest and pulmonary contusion". Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ... People who do develop infections are given antibiotics. No studies have yet shown a benefit of using antibiotics as a ... Retaining secretions in the airways can worsen hypoxia and lead to infections. Thus, an important part of treatment is ...
Unstable cardiovascular status (angina, recent myocardial infarction, etc.). *Thoracic, abdominal, or cerebral aneurysms ... Recent or current viral infection. *Undiagnosed hypertension. Spirometry testing[edit]. A modern USB PC-based spirometer. ...
"Update on Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Device Infections and Their Management". Circulation. 121 (3): 458-477. doi: ... has reported that inadequate access to advanced cardiovascular technologies is one of the major contributors to cardiovascular ... The most common reason for lead removal is infection, however over time leads can degrade due to a number of reasons such as ... "British Cardiovascular Society". Bcs.com. Archived from the original on 2013-12-12. Retrieved 2013-12-29. Record, C O; Sleight ...
American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs. 13 (1): 1-4. doi:10.1007/s40256-013-0005-8. PMID 23355360.. ... Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology. 2. doi:10.3389/fcimb.2012.00016.. ...
Demmer RT, Desvarieux M (October 2006). "Periodontal infections and cardiovascular disease: the heart of the matter" (PDF). ... Li X, Kolltveit KM, Tronstad L, Olsen I (October 2000). "Systemic diseases caused by oral infection". Clinical Microbiology ...
The most common diseases are respiratory infections, cardiovascular conditions, and tuberculosis. Since 2000, the incidence of ...
"Update on Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Device Infections and Their Management". Circulation. 121 (3): 458-477. doi: ... has reported that inadequate access to advanced cardiovascular technologies is one of the major contributors to cardiovascular ... "British Cardiovascular Society". Bcs.com. Archived from the original on 2013-12-12. Retrieved 2013-12-29.. ... Cardiovascular MRI. Ventriculography Radionuclide ventriculography. Cardiac catheterization/Coronary catheterization. Cardiac ...
The company mainly sells drugs treating HBV, asthmas and infections. Merck sells antibiotics, prostate drugs, cardiovascular ... "BMS signs cardiovascular research deal with China's Simcere". PMLiVE. 14 December 2011. "Merck pledges $1.5bn for China ... Hengrui's R&D involves oncology, metabolic disease, cardiovascular disease, inflammation, and diseases in central nervous ... Its drugs treating respiratory diseases and cardiovascular diseases have established well in Chinese pharmaceutical markets. ...
"Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes (Systematic review of RCTs). 7 (6): 815-827. doi:10.1161/CIRCOUTCOMES. ... Infection. Some infectious diseases can cause weight loss. Fungal illnesses, endocarditis, many parasitic diseases, AIDS, and ... Oral, taste or dental problems (including infections) can reduce nutrient intake leading to weight loss.[49] ... Obesity increases health risks, including diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, and non-alcoholic ...
Infection. Some infectious diseases can cause weight loss. Fungal illnesses, endocarditis, many parasitic diseases, AIDS, and ... Obesity increases health risks, including diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, and non-alcoholic ... Mangili, A; Murman, DH; Zampini, AM; Wanke, CA (Mar 15, 2006). "Nutrition and HIV infection: review of weight loss and wasting ... Mangili A, Murman DH, Zampini AM, Wanke CA; Murman; Zampini; Wanke (2006). "Nutrition and HIV infection: review of weight loss ...
... infections, cardiovascular comorbidity , European Respiratory Society". European Respiratory Journal. 21: 10s-14s. doi:10.1183/ ... May have less saliva and less ability for oral hygiene in old age which increases the chance of tooth decay and infection. ...
Visualization of the cardiovascular system. Replacement of manual dexterity by the "virtual knife" of the automatic sectional ... High-precision, contamination-free sampling (poisons, infections, tissue, etc.) accurate to the millimeter. True-to-scale 3D ... which visualises the cardiovascular system of the deceased with the aid of a peristaltic pump and contrast medium; Image- and ... One cannot determine the infection status of tissue It is difficult to differentiate antemortem from postmortem wounds and ...
... infections, cardiovascular comorbidity". The European Respiratory Journal. Supplement. 40: 10s-14s. doi:10.1183/09031936.03. ... one dose of siRNA 4 hours pre-infection was shown to control Tulane virus replication for 48 hours post-infection, reducing the ... However, bacterial infections can still be suppressed by siRNA by targeting the host genes that are involved in the immune ... Qin XF, An DS, Chen IS, Baltimore D (January 2003). "Inhibiting HIV-1 infection in human T cells by lentiviral-mediated ...
Barbarini G, Barbaro G. Incidence of the involvement of the cardiovascular system in HIV infection. AIDS 2003;17:Suppl 1:S46-50 ... Myocarditis and cardiotropic viral infection associated with severe left ventricular dysfunction in late-stage infection with ... Incidence of the involvement of the cardiovascular system in HIV infection. AIDS 2003;17:Suppl 1:S46-50. ... Cardiovascular pathology in AIDS. Adv Cardiol 2003;40:23-48. Barbaro et.al., Incidence of Dilated Cardiomyopathy and Detection ...
Khaw KT, Woodhouse P (June 1995). "Interrelation of vitamin C, infection, haemostatic factors, and cardiovascular disease". BMJ ... supplementation with selenium or vitamin E does not reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Although certain levels of ... "Effect of supplemental vitamin E for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease". Journal of General Internal ... "Selenium supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease" (PDF). The Cochrane Database of Systematic ...
Domont F, Cacoub P (2016). "Chronic hepatitis C virus infection, a new cardiovascular risk factor?". Liver Int (Review). 36 (5 ... Ciaccio EJ, Lewis SK, Biviano AB, Iyer V, Garan H, Green PH (2017). "Cardiovascular involvement in celiac disease". World J ... Practical Cardiovascular Pathology. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2010. p. 148. ISBN 9781605478418. Archived from the original ... Dilated cardiomyopathy may also result from alcohol, heavy metals, coronary artery disease, cocaine use, and viral infections. ...
Khaw, Kay-Tee; Woodhouse, Peter (1995). «Interrelation of vitamin C, infection, haemostatic factors, and cardiovascular disease ... Sesso HD, Buring JE, Christen WG (2008). «Vitamins E and C in the prevention of cardiovascular disease in men: the Physicians' ... Van Gaal L, Mertens I, De Block C (2006). «Mechanisms linking obesity with cardiovascular disease». Nature. 444 (7121): 875-80 ... Strazzullo, P; Puig, J (2007). «Uric acid and oxidative stress: Relative impact on cardiovascular risk». Nutrition, Metabolism ...
Abstracts from the 12 International Symposium on Modern Concepts in Endocarditis and Cardiovascular Infections. 41: S21. doi: ... In certain cases, patients can become terminal from this strain of the infection but for those that survive, treatment of N. ... Journal of Infection. 68 (6): 601-604. doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2014.02.007. ISSN 0163-4453. Type strain of Neisseria mucosa at ...
"Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in an adult with SARS-CoV-2 infection". European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging. doi: ... atypical CT manifestations and mortality risk of severe COVID-19 infection". Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection ... Early infection tends to be associated with mild or no symptoms, while the later pulmonary phase, which can be life-threatening ... Cardiovascular involvement is very frequent. Acute heart failure is common in the form of left ventricular dysfunction, and a ...
"Interrelation of vitamin C, infection, haemostatic factors, and cardiovascular disease". BMJ. 310 (6994): 1559-63. doi:10.1136 ... Van Gaal LF, Mertens IL, De Block CE (December 2006). "Mechanisms linking obesity with cardiovascular disease". Nature. 444 ( ... Aviram M (November 2000). "Review of human studies on oxidative damage and antioxidant protection related to cardiovascular ... supplementation with selenium or vitamin E do not reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.[7][8] ...
New research examines the risk of heart attack and stroke after an infection, concluding that infections may trigger coronary ... The most commonly reported infections were urinary tract infections, pneumonia, and respiratory infections. ... "And if the infection is that severe, we can assume a stronger inflammatory response will result in a higher cardiovascular risk ... The researchers looked for infections that these people developed up to 1-2 years before the cardiovascular event. ...
Department of Infection, Immunity & Cardiovascular Disease The University of Sheffield Medical School Beech Hill Road Sheffield ... Were a world-leading centre for infection, immunity, imaging & cardiovascular research. Our pioneering discoveries help fight ... Postgraduate study, MSc in Molecular Medicine, MRes Cardiovascular Medicine: From Molecules to Man, MA Medicine in Society, ... arrowInfection, Immunity & Cardiovascular Disease *Department of Infection, Immunity & Cardiovascular Disease. *About Us ...
has filed a patent application for the first drug in the treatment of a bacterial infection which could be involved in the ... An infection as a cause of cardiovascular pathology has been sought for more than 100 years. In the last 20-25 years a number ... Lycotec Patented First Nutra-Pharmaceutical Drug to Treat Infection Behind Cardiovascular Disease. ... has filed a patent application for the first drug in the treatment of a bacterial infection which could be involved in the ...
Inflammation, Infection, and Cardiovascular Risk. How Good Is the Clinical Evidence?. Paul M. Ridker ... Helicobacter pylori infection: relation with cardiovascular risk factors, ischaemic heart disease, and social class. Br Heart J ... Large scale clinical trials will provide direct evidence as to whether eradication of infection has a role in cardiovascular ... Association of Helicobacter pylori and Chlamydia pneumoniae infections with coronary heart disease and cardiovascular risk ...
Herpesviridae Infections. DNA Virus Infections. Virus Diseases. Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections. Bacterial Infections. ... Infection Chlamydia Infections Cytomegalovirus Infections Helicobacter Infections Atherosclerosis ... Cytomegalovirus Infections. Helicobacter Infections. Chlamydia Infections. Ischemia. Pathologic Processes. Necrosis. Myocardial ... Infection. Communicable Diseases. Infarction. Cardiovascular Diseases. Heart Diseases. Myocardial Infarction. Atherosclerosis. ...
Although bloodstream infection can be a manifestation of CIED infection, it can occur without CIED infection. There are several ... Update on Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Device Infections and Their Management. Larry M. Baddour, Andrew E. Epstein, ... Update on Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Device Infections and Their Management. Larry M. Baddour, Andrew E. Epstein, ... Update on Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Device Infections and Their Management. A Scientific Statement From the ...
Severe infections in adulthood are associated with subsequent short-term cardiovascular disease. Whether hospital admission for ... are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the years following infection. The risk is highest during the ... for the third year after infection. The risk attenuated with time, but remained raised for at least five years after infection ... Raised risks of cardiovascular disease following hospital admission for sepsis or pneumonia were increased for more than five ...
Lentivirus Infections. Retroviridae Infections. RNA Virus Infections. Virus Diseases. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral. ... Cardiovascular Risk Factor Management in HIV Infection. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility ... Infection. Communicable Diseases. Diabetes Mellitus. HIV Infections. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Heart Diseases. ... Coronary Heart Disease Dyslipidemia Diabetes Mellitus, Non-Insulin-Dependent HIV Infection Behavioral: Updated CHD risk ...
Oral Infections and Cardiovascular Disease. This book provides a comprehensive overview of current knowledge about research in ... Linking the Evidence of Oral Infections as a Causal Factor for Cardiovascular Diseases ... oral infections and their association with cardiovascular diseases. Several epidemiological, clinical and other scientific ... The Concept of Infection Control in Prevention and Treatment of Periodontal Disease ...
Cardiovascular events.... *Cardiovascular events after clarithromycin use in lower respiratory tract infections: analysis of ... Cardiovascular events after clarithromycin use in lower respiratory tract infections: analysis of two prospective cohort ... Cardiovascular events after clarithromycin use in lower respiratory tract infections: analysis of two prospective cohort ... Cardiovascular events after clarithromycin use in lower respiratory tract infections: analysis of two prospective cohort ...
We also investigated the relation of each infection to plasma fibrinogen concentration and other cardiovascular risk factors. ... Association of Helicobacter pylori and Chlamydia pneumoniae infections with coronary heart disease and cardiovascular risk ... Association of Helicobacter pylori and Chlamydia pneumoniae infections with coronary heart disease and cardiovascular risk ... Association of Helicobacter pylori and Chlamydia pneumoniae infections with coronary heart disease and cardiovascular risk ...
... and outcome of nonvalvular cardiovascular infections.. Results:. Nonvalvular infections of the cardiovascular system most ... Nonvalvular Infections of the Cardiovascular System Rosemary A. Kearney, MD; Howard J. Eisen, MD; Judith E. Wolf, MD ... Although uncommon, nonvalvular infections of the cardiovascular system will increase in frequency as the use of implantable ... Nonvalvular Infections of the Cardiovascular System. Ann Intern Med. ;121:219-230. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-121-3-199408010-00010 ...
... infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) have distinct clinical ... Cardiovascular IED infections have distinct features, outcomes. October 14, 2012 Cardiovascular implantable electronic device ... Cardiovascular implantable electronic device-related infections linked with increased risk of death. September 12, 2011 An ... HealthDay)-Cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and ...
Coronavirus disease 2019 infection and the cardiovascular system. Romeo, Francescoa; Calcaterra, Giuseppeb; Barilla, Francescoc ... COVID-19 infection, like any other viral infection, can affect the heart by direct migration from the lungs to the adjacent ... Generally speaking, patients with underlying cardiovascular disease (CVD) who develop COVID-2 infection have increased risk of ... COVID-19 infection is triggered by binding of the spike protein of the virus to ACE2, which is highly expressed in the heart ...
HealingWell.com Forum , Diseases & Conditions , Heart & Cardiovascular Disease , heart condition and mercer (staff infection) ... It is a staff skin infection and is super infectious However, I am betting if your sister in law was diagnosed with this then ... One of my sister in laws was just diagnosed with mercer, which is a staff infection. Shes also 5 months pregnant. My other ...
This study aimed to assess the outcome of cardiovascular diseases for patients with chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection ... Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / complications*, epidemiology, virology. Female. Follow- ... This study aimed to assess the outcome of cardiovascular diseases for patients with chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection ... Cardiovascular Diseases / diagnosis, epidemiology, etiology*. Child. Child, Preschool. Chronic Disease. DNA, Viral / analysis. ...
... and their association with cardiovascular risk factors persevered through the entire follow-up. ... A study concluded that oral infections were an independent risk factor for subclinical atherosclerosis, ... Oral infection during childhood can increase risk of cardiovascular diseases. A study concluded that oral infections were an ... Oral infection in childhood can increase risk of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis in adulthood, according to a ...
... a major challenge in modeling/assessing the infection-cardiovascular risk hypothesis is that the exact time of infection, or ... Our recent work found an increase in the relative incidence of cardiovascular outcomes during the ∼ 30 days after infection- ... Infection and cardiovascular disease are leading causes of hospitalization and death in older patients on dialysis. ... "Measurement Error Case Series Models With Application to Infection-Cardiovascular Risk in Older Patients on Dialysis," Journal ...
Puumala Virus Infections Associated with Cardiovascular Causes of Death Anne-Marie Connolly-Andersen, Kristin Ahlm, Clas Ahlm. ... Puumala Virus Infections Associated with Cardiovascular Causes of Death. ... HFRS, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome; CVD, cardiovascular disease; RD, renal disease; PD, pulmonary disease; ND, ...
Cardiovascular disorders were a common cause of death during acute-phase HFRS and were the cause of death for >50% of ... PUUV infection is most likely a trigger of cardiovascular events that eventually lead to death rather than directly causing CVD ... Puumala Virus Infections Associated with Cardiovascular Causes of Death. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2013;19(1):126-128. doi: ... Other infections have been shown to trigger acute cardiovascular events (8) (e.g., compared with noninfected persons, persons ...
CIED infection can present as generator pocket infection or systemic infection (bacteremia or endocarditis). While diagnosis of ... "Update on cardiovascular implantable electronic device infections and their management". A scientific statement from the ... Infection is a serious complication of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIED) and is associated with significant ... "Cardiovascular implantable electronic device infection in patients with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia". Pacing Clin ...
We hypothesized that in- and outpatient infections are associated with CVD risk and that the association is stronger for … ... but little is known regarding how CVD risk varies following inpatient versus outpatient infections. ... Background Acute infections are known cardiovascular disease ( CVD ) triggers, ... Inpatient and Outpatient Infection as a Trigger of Cardiovascular Disease: The ARIC Study J Am Heart Assoc. 2018 Nov 20;7(22): ...
And while these devices are life-sustaining treatment options, they come with a hefty price tag and are prone to infection. ... Patients with cardiac device infective endocarditis have high rates of concomitant valve infection and mortality, according to ... Of those 81 patients, 61 had nosocomial and 20 had nonnosocomial infections. Patients with healthcare-acquired infections were ... "Cardiac device infection is a serious, emerging disease with a 210 percent increase in incidence between 1993 and 2008," Eugene ...
Improved Adenovirus Vectors for Infection of Cardiovascular Tissues. M. J. E. Havenga, A. A. C. Lemckert, J. M. Grimbergen, R. ... Improved Adenovirus Vectors for Infection of Cardiovascular Tissues. M. J. E. Havenga, A. A. C. Lemckert, J. M. Grimbergen, R. ... Improved Adenovirus Vectors for Infection of Cardiovascular Tissues. M. J. E. Havenga, A. A. C. Lemckert, J. M. Grimbergen, R. ... Improved Adenovirus Vectors for Infection of Cardiovascular Tissues Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you ...
Heartbeat: higher risk of COVID-19 infection in younger patients with cardiovascular disease ... Heartbeat: higher risk of COVID-19 infection in younger patients with cardiovascular disease ... Copyright © 2021 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd & British Cardiovascular Society. All rights reserved.. 京ICP备15042040号-3 ...
An association has been found between infection associated with cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) and ... Cardiovascular implantable electronic device-related infections linked with increased risk of death. by JAMA and Archives ... Cardiovascular implantable electronic device-related infections linked with increased risk of death. ... Citation: Cardiovascular implantable electronic device-related infections linked with increased risk of death (2011, September ...
Srihari Naidu on The cardiovascular complications of SARS-CoV-2 infection, part of a collection of online lectures. ... The cardiovascular complications of SARS-CoV-2 infection. *Prof. Srihari Naidu - New York Medical College, USA ... The cardiovascular complications of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Embed in course/own notes ... Naidu, S. (2020, September 8). The cardiovascular complications of SARS-CoV-2 infection [Audio file]. In The Biomedical & Life ...
Hoosen E.G. (2020) Cardiovascular Manifestation of Paediatric HIV Infection. In: Bobat R. (eds) HIV Infection in Children and ... Cardiovascular status of infants and children of women infected with HIV-1 (P2C2 HIV): a cohort study. Lancet. 2002;360:368-73. ... Kawasaki like syndromes associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Clin Infect Dis. 2001;32:1628-34.CrossRefGoogle ... Human immunodeficiency virus Paediatric Cardiovascular Cardiomyopathy Pericarditis Pulmonary hypertension This is a preview of ...
1) and a series of LVAD infection cases (Figs. 2 to 5⇓⇓⇓⇓) demonstrating classic imaging manifestations on 18F- ... 2004) Infection in permanent circulatory support: experience from the REMATCH trial. J Heart Lung Transplant 23:1359-1365. ... Pump Pocket LVAD Infection. An example of a 58-year-old male patient with nonischemic cardiomyopathy status post-HeartMate II ... Cannula Exterior LVAD Infection. An example of a 68-year-old male patient with ischemic cardiomyopathy status post-HeartMate II ...
The objective of this study was to determine the outcomes of transvenous lead extraction for CIED infection in patients ... infection in patients with both CIED and prosthetic valves. ... Cure of infection can be achieved in the majority of patients ... Background-Lead-related or valve-related endocarditis can complicate cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) ... Outcomes of Transvenous Lead Extraction for Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Device Infections in Patients With Prosthetic ...
  • The term cardiovascular disease (CVD) covers a range of conditions: from heart attack and heart disease to stroke , hypertension , and heart failure . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Overall, the study found that approximately 37 percent of the participants with heart disease had developed an infection in the 3 months leading up to the coronary event. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Lycotec Ltd. has filed a patent application for the first drug in the treatment of a bacterial infection which could be involved in the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease, CVD. (prweb.com)
  • Lycotec Ltd., a biotech company based in Cambridge UK, http://www.lycotec.com has filed a patent application for the first drug in the treatment of a bacterial infection which could be involved in the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease, CVD. (prweb.com)
  • is indeed a causative factor of this disease, it was necessary to demonstrate that anti-Chlamydia treatment could alleviate symptoms of cardiovascular pathology. (prweb.com)
  • Data from the prospective Physicians Health Study (PHS) have been particularly informative because that study evaluated a group of low-risk men with no prior history of cardiovascular disease and low rates of cigarette consumption. (ahajournals.org)
  • A separate nested substudy performed on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), prospectively collected from 80 cases and 80 controls, examines the host T-cell proliferative response to CMV and other pathogens in relation to disease and also searches for a chronic persistent infection with Chlamydia pneumoniae evidence by DNA detection. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Findings from several key clinical investigations that were published after 2003 prompted the Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease Committee of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young of the American Heart Association to provide an updated document limited to CIED infections. (ahajournals.org)
  • Severe infections in adulthood are associated with subsequent short-term cardiovascular disease. (ovid.com)
  • All-cause cardiovascular disease (n = 46,754), including coronary heart disease (n = 10,279) and stroke (n = 3438), was identified through national registers 1970-2010 (at ages 18-58 years). (ovid.com)
  • Sepsis or pneumonia in adulthood (resulting in hospital admission) are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the years following infection. (ovid.com)
  • Raised risks of cardiovascular disease following hospital admission for sepsis or pneumonia were increased for more than five years after the infection, but with the highest magnitude during the first three years following infection, suggesting a period of vulnerability when health professionals and patients should be aware of the heightened risk for cardiovascular disease. (ovid.com)
  • Causality - When do we have Sufficient Evidence to Mark a Risk Factor for Prophylactic Purposes Against Cardiovascular Disease? (eurekaselect.com)
  • Objective To study the association of clarithromycin with cardiovascular events in the setting of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and community acquired pneumonia. (bmj.com)
  • Results 268 cardiovascular events occurred in the acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease cohort and 171 in the community acquired pneumonia cohort over one year. (bmj.com)
  • After multivariable adjustment, clarithromycin use in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events and acute coronary syndrome-hazard ratios 1.50 (95% confidence interval 1.13 to 1.97) and 1.67 (1.04 to 2.68). (bmj.com)
  • A significant association was found between clarithromycin use and cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 1.52, 1.02 to 2.26) but not all cause mortality (1.16, 0.90 to 1.51) in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (bmj.com)
  • Use of β lactam antibiotics or doxycycline was not associated with increased cardiovascular events in patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, suggesting an effect specific to clarithromycin. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions The use of clarithromycin in the setting of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or community acquired pneumonia may be associated with increased cardiovascular events. (bmj.com)
  • Objective: To investigate the relation between seropositivity to chronic infections with Helicobacter pylori and Chlamydia pneumoniae and both coronary heart disease and cardiovascular risk factors. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions: Both H pylori and C pneumoniae infections are associated with coronary heart disease. (bmj.com)
  • We postulated that these chronic infections, which are accompanied by a persistent inflammatory response, may contribute to the risk of coronary heart disease by increasing the concentrations of acute phase reactants such as fibrinogen9 10 and sialic acid,11 which are predictors of coronary heart disease. (bmj.com)
  • Risk factors include cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and malignancy. (annals.org)
  • Coronavirus disease 2019 infection and the cardiovascular sy. (lww.com)
  • Infection and cardiovascular disease are leading causes of hospitalization and death in older patients on dialysis. (repec.org)
  • PUUV infection is a notifiable disease in Sweden, according to the Swedish Communicable Disease Act. (cdc.gov)
  • Background Acute infections are known cardiovascular disease ( CVD ) triggers, but little is known regarding how CVD risk varies following inpatient versus outpatient infections. (nih.gov)
  • AbstractMyocardial infarction is a frequent complication of cardiovascular disease leading to high morbidity and mortality worldwide. (medworm.com)
  • Cardiac device infection is a serious, emerging disease with a 210 percent increase in incidence between 1993 and 2008," Eugene Athan, MD, of Barwon Health in Geelong, Australia, and colleagues wrote. (cardiovascularbusiness.com)
  • Athan et al concluded that CDIE patients with or without concomitant valve infection could benefit from a multidisciplinary approach to management that includes cardiologists, infectious disease specialists and cardiac surgeons. (cardiovascularbusiness.com)
  • To consider associations between the latest/nadir CD4 + cell count, and time spent with CD4 + cell count less than 200 cells/μl (duration of immune depression), and myocardial infarction (MI), coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, or cardiovascular disease (CVD) (CHD or stroke) in 33 301 HIV-positive individuals. (ovid.com)
  • A 43-year-old male patient with unremarkable past medical history was admitted to the Infectious Diseases unit for suspected respiratory infection by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) resulting in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). (scmr.org)
  • Cohort studies show that cardiovascular disease affects HIV-positive people more often than HIV-negative comparison groups. (thebodypro.com)
  • At the same time, cART eases cardiovascular disease risk in various ways. (thebodypro.com)
  • Smoking prevalence stands twice higher in HIV-positive than HIV-negative US residents, and smoking may account for one quarter of all deaths and new diagnoses of cardiovascular disease, non-AIDS cancer, and bacterial pneumonia in people with HIV. (thebodypro.com)
  • More than 7% of HIV-positive people in the United States have stage 3 or worse chronic kidney disease, which has a great impact on risk of cardiovascular events and heart failure. (thebodypro.com)
  • In March 2013 a PubMed search for 'cardiovascular disease' and 'HIV' returned 5225 entries in a remorseless crescendo more than doubling from 163 citations in 1998, the year of Henry's study, to 389 in 2012 ( Figure 1 ). (thebodypro.com)
  • Published reports on cardiovascular disease (CVD) and HIV swelled from 163 in 1998, only 2 years after the introduction of HAART, to 389 in 2012. (thebodypro.com)
  • Today only the most forbearing experts mapping the interlacings of HIV and cardiovascular disease can resist the heart/HAART homophone. (thebodypro.com)
  • 1 Did HIV infection cause heart disease in these young men? (thebodypro.com)
  • At the same time, HIV heart experts hasten to caution, a causal relationship between HIV or combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) and cardiovascular disease can be established only in a randomized controlled trial, and such a trial -- were it even feasible -- would have to be large and long. (thebodypro.com)
  • An international panel of experts on heart disease in HIV-positive people outlined three routes by which HIV, its treatment, or both may contribute to development of cardiovascular disease. (thebodypro.com)
  • Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimens, especially those including protease inhibitors have been shown to cause, in a high proportion of HIV-infected patients, a metabolic syndrome (lipodystrophy/lipoatrophy, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin resistance) that may be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. (eurekaselect.com)
  • The study also highlighted that severe oral infections and inflammations is related to increased risk of cardiovascular risk factors and disease in adults. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • This review highlights the complex interaction between HIV infection, atherosclerosis, left ventricular dysfunction, pericardial disease, pulmonary hypertension etc. (alliedacademies.org)
  • We sought to examine the role of modification of lipid metabolism on HCV viral load, and to determine the relative contribution of chronic HCV infection to cardiovascular disease. (upenn.edu)
  • With advances in antiretroviral therapy (ART), individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are living longer and increasingly die of non-HIV-related diseases, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD). (onlinejacc.org)
  • With this information in mind, Israeli researchers hypothesized that pre-infection treatment with low-dose aspirin (75mg) use might have a potential beneficial effect on COVID-19 susceptibility and disease duration. (reachmd.com)
  • HCV is capable to trigger, behind liver damage, extrahepatic manifestations, including cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). (minervamedica.it)
  • A close association has been reported between HCV infection and cardiovascular disease due to imbalances in metabolic pathways and chronic inflammation. (minervamedica.it)
  • T2DM increases the risk of compensated and decompensate cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma as well as increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, lower limb amputation and end stage renal disease. (minervamedica.it)
  • Current evidence suggests that HCV eradication reduces the incidence and mortality of cardiovascular disease and T2DM, further underling the importance of public health strategies for eradication the infection. (minervamedica.it)
  • Aim of this review is to update evidence and management of interaction between HCV, cardiovascular disease, and T2DM in the era of DAA treatment. (minervamedica.it)
  • And if you have cardiovascular disease (CVD), you form part of a group that is known as the "risk group" for COVID-19 infection. (womenshealthsa.co.za)
  • Having cardiovascular disease and other medical conditions such as diabetes, cancer and TB increases your risk for becoming infected with the coronavirus. (womenshealthsa.co.za)
  • Food can also have a pretty profound effect on enhancing or dampening the immune system, changing susceptibility to infection and the body' ability to fight disease. (womenshealthsa.co.za)
  • And what's the deal with alcohol and cardiovascular disease? (womenshealthsa.co.za)
  • Moderate physical activity reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease and it plays a vital role in maintaining an optimal immune response. (womenshealthsa.co.za)
  • While most people still think of cardiovascular trouble as primarily afflicting men, the reality is that heart disease has never discriminated between the sexes. (lookfordiagnosis.com)
  • Objective: To evaluate associations between traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, inflammatory markers and markers of HIV disease activity with ultrasonographic measures of CVD risk in patients with HIV who are not receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). (elsevier.com)
  • The widespread availability of ART profoundly altered the epidemiology, natural history and outcomes of HIV-associated cardiovascular disease (CVD). (up.ac.za)
  • Conclusions: HIV infection is associated with strain abnormalities, and focal myocardial fibrosis in asymptomatic, untreated, young patients, unlikely to have been affected by other risk factors for cardiovascular disease, early in the course of the disease. (up.ac.za)
  • and the prevention of post-operative cardiovascular infections and those that develop in patients with heart disease. (clinicbarcelona.org)
  • HIV-related comorbidities, including cardiovascular disease (CVD), have assumed a higher profile given the efficacy of antiretroviral therapy (ART). (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • We provide evidence for a time-dependent association between severe infection and incident cardiovascular disease in HIV-infected individuals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Underlying cardiovascular disease is associated with more severe manifestations of COVID-19 and higher rates of mortality. (cdc.gov)
  • These drugs can reduce the risk of high blood sugar and, therefore, cardiovascular disease. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • These drugs can also reduce the risk of chronic kidney disease progression, cardiovascular events, or both. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • One enticing area of research has been in the arena of dental infection and chronic periodontal disease, both of which are increased in populations with atherosclerosis. (benthamscience.com)
  • In this text entitled Oral Infections and Cardiovascular Disease , Lise L. Håheim and her colleagues expertly address this hypothesis. (benthamscience.com)
  • In opening chapters describing initial observations and population studies, the core epidemiology linking oral disease, cardiovascular risk factors, and vascular event rates is outlined, as is the complex issue of whether such associations are a cause or a result of underlying vascular disease. (benthamscience.com)
  • Age-related conditions and comorbidities (e.g., frailty, neurocognitive impairment, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, dyslipidemia, renal disease, osteoporosis and fractures) develop at younger ages and more often among patients living with HIV and AIDS than among patients without HIV infection. (cmaj.ca)
  • Researchers at Örebro University in Sweden are reporting increased risk of cardiovascular disease in adults previously hospitalized for pneumonia or sepsis. (contagionlive.com)
  • The results, published in the European Journal of Preventative Cardiology, indicated that the chance of being diagnosed with cardiovascular disease was 6 times higher than average in adults in the year following infection. (contagionlive.com)
  • The primary purpose of the study was to determine whether a critical period of vulnerability to cardiovascular disease existed following hospitalization for sepsis or pneumonia. (contagionlive.com)
  • Study results indicated that 46,754 men were diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. (contagionlive.com)
  • After sorting the diagnoses into the post-infection time intervals, the researchers found that the risk of cardiovascular disease was 6.33 times higher in the first year after infection. (contagionlive.com)
  • In addition, risk rates of heart disease and stroke were also elevated following sepsis or pneumonia infections. (contagionlive.com)
  • To better understand the results, the research team also compared the risk of cardiovascular disease following severe infections to the risk of the disease as a result of lifestyle factors. (contagionlive.com)
  • The results indicated that the 3-year time period following hospitalization for serious infections were associated with greater risks of being diagnosed with cardiovascular disease than well-known cardiac health risk factors including hypertension, obesity, and lack of exercise, reinforcing that severe illness was a major influencer. (contagionlive.com)
  • Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in people with HIV co-infection is associated with an increased risk of liver disease and liver-related death and also several important non-liver related disorders, including kidney disease and osteoporosis and fractures, according to data from the Swiss HIV Cohort published in the online edition of Clinical Infectious Diseases . (aidsmap.com)
  • It is well known that chronic HCV infection is associated with an increased risk of serious liver disease and liver-related death. (aidsmap.com)
  • However, it is less clear if the infection is also associated with an increased risk of serious non-liver-related events, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, malignancies and bone complications. (aidsmap.com)
  • Though not many studies exist, robust data connect HCV infection with atherosclerosis and consequently its complications as stroke and coronary heart disease. (hindawi.com)
  • Cardiovascular disease is not a single condition but an umbrella term used for a number of related complications. (reportshealthcare.com)
  • Out of all the participants, the researchers found that around 37% of them had an infection that led up to a coronary disease in a period of three months. (reportshealthcare.com)
  • CANTOS represents a milestone in a long journey implicating interleukin-1 in cardiovascular disease," said Peter Libby, MD, also of Brigham and Women's Hospital. (healthcanal.com)
  • Ridker is also serving as a principal investigator for CIRT (Cardiovascular Inflammation Reduction Trial, sponsored by the NHLBI), an ongoing clinical trial testing the effectiveness of low-dose methotrexate in cardiovascular disease. (healthcanal.com)
  • Many people are at risk for Cardiovascular Disease and infections without realizing that their gender, ethnicity, race or age can increase their risk of developing one type or another. (heartofyours.com)
  • Cardiovascular disease can affect the muscle itself, the arteries that connect to it, the valves, or the electrical signals that keep it beating. (heartofyours.com)
  • Coronary Artery Disease is the most common form of cardiovascular disease. (heartofyours.com)
  • Association of Endodontic Infection With Cardiovascular Disease. (trialbulletin.com)
  • Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is the primary non-communicable cause of global mortality killing more than 7 million people per year. (trialbulletin.com)
  • Chronic inflammation plays a crucial role in the genesis of atherosclerosis which further leads to cardiovascular disease. (trialbulletin.com)
  • Several cross-sectional and longitudinal studies has shown the association of Apical periodontitis and Cardiovascular disease. (trialbulletin.com)
  • It has been shown FMD was an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease. (trialbulletin.com)
  • Thus, brachial artery flow-mediated dilation prove useful to assess cardio- vascular risk, guide therapy, and judge the potential utility of new interventions for cardiovascular disease. (trialbulletin.com)
  • Lyme disease is an infection spread by the bite of ticks that causes more than 300,000 illnesses each year in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (questdiagnostics.com)
  • Influenza as a trigger for acute myocardial infarction or death from cardiovascular disease: a systematic review. (jamanetwork.com)
  • Well, it's a really important field as you probably know, and what we're interested in doing is preventing cardiovascular disease, preventing heart attacks, and coronary artery disease, is preventing stroke, preventing people from dying sooner. (coursera.org)
  • Researchers and health-care providers treating people with HIV are taking these reports seriously, and increasing attention has been devoted to cardiovascular disease at recent medical conferences. (thebody.com)
  • The researchers compared data from 16 HIV positive people with cardiovascular disease and 32 HIV positive people without heart disease. (thebody.com)
  • Increased life expectancy exposes HIV-infected subjects both to chronic adverse drug reactions and to age-related morbidities, including neurocognitive disorders, cardiovascular and metabolic disease, renal and bone diseases (i.e., osteopenia/osteoporosis), and cancer [ 4 - 6 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Acute respiratory disease (ARD), first recognized among military recruits during World War II, can be caused by adenovirus infections during conditions of crowding and stress. (wikipedia.org)
  • for example, infection with adenovirus 7 acquired by inhalation is associated with severe lower respiratory tract disease, whereas oral transmission of the virus typically causes no or mild disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • [8] Strict attention to good infection-control practices is effective for stopping transmission in hospitals of adenovirus-associated disease, such as epidemic keratoconjunctivitis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other possible uses for cranberry, with limited evidence, include reduction of the risk of cardiovascular disease. (drugs.com)
  • Background The increasing number of older patients (pts) with HIV infection, coupled with the prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) at this age, and the side effects of antiretroviral therapy (ART), mainly related to cholesterol levels, led us to select them as an at-risk population for clinical drug monitoring. (bmj.com)
  • Direct visualization of the pathogen, the identification of different strains, immunological responses in the host, how the infection is spread and, the combination of these should all be taken into account to determine the probability that an infectious agent is the cause of the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • The leading cause of death worldwide is cardiovascular disease, but infectious diseases are the second leading cause of death worldwide and the leading cause of death in infants and children. (wikipedia.org)
  • The history of infection and disease were observed in the 1800s and related to the one of the tick-borne diseases, Rocky Mountain spotted fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • Professor Nailya Zigangirova, the co-author of the invention, points out additional new applications of the drug in the treatment of other chlamydia infections, including Chlamydia trachomatis, one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. (prweb.com)
  • This book provides a comprehensive overview of current knowledge about research in oral infections and their association with cardiovascular diseases. (eurekaselect.com)
  • This study aimed to assess the outcome of cardiovascular diseases for patients with chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Oral infection in childhood can increase risk of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis in adulthood, according to a recent study. (indianexpress.com)
  • Periodontitis, a gum infection that damages gums and can destroy the jawbone, is currently considered as independent risk factor for atherosclerotic vascular diseases. (indianexpress.com)
  • The observation is novel since there are no earlier follow-up studies on childhood oral infections and the risk of cardiovascular diseases," researcher Pirkko Pussinen was quoted as saying. (indianexpress.com)
  • But it is very necessary to focus on your kid's oral health because it will not just affect your kids teeth but would also increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases in adulthood, according to a recent study. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Concomitantly there has been an increase in cardiovascular diseases. (alliedacademies.org)
  • This review concluded that moderate to vigorous physical activity in children and adolescents confers protection against a considerable number of health disorders, such as obesity or cardiovascular and metabolic diseases (high blood pressure, an altered blood lipid profile, metabolic syndrome, diabetes or inflammation). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Aspirin is an established, safe, and low-cost medication in long-standing common use in prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, and in the past a pain relief and fever-reducing medication. (reachmd.com)
  • Aspirin use to avoid the development of cardiovascular diseases in healthy individuals was associated with a 29% lower likelihood of COVID-19 infection, as compared to aspirin non-users. (reachmd.com)
  • Although this positive single-stranded RNA virus primarily causes pulmonary infection and failure, it has been associated with multiple cardiovascular diseases including troponin elevation, myocarditis, and cardiac arrhythmias. (cdc.gov)
  • As in the past decades the link between acute infections and cardiovascular diseases became clear in the general population, we sorted to investigate the role of severe infections on incident cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) among HIV-infected individuals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Among NCD, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) represent a major challenge. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Most clinical cardiovascular diseases in children with HIV have been underreported, and often are clinically occult. (elsevier.com)
  • What Is the Link Between Infections and Cardiovascular Diseases? (reportshealthcare.com)
  • More importantly, it covered what no one knew before - the link between infections and cardiovascular diseases. (reportshealthcare.com)
  • The researchers included in the study discovered that the likelihood of coronary diseases increases post three months of having an infection. (reportshealthcare.com)
  • According to the team, the link between coronary diseases and the post-infection period can be explained by checking the immunity. (reportshealthcare.com)
  • The immune response of a person can play a big role in the development of any kind of conditions including cardiovascular diseases. (reportshealthcare.com)
  • What Are Cardiovascular Diseases? (reportshealthcare.com)
  • In addition, 2,200 people also lose their lives every day due to cardiovascular diseases. (reportshealthcare.com)
  • Some researchers have also linked conditions like pneumonia and urinary tract infections with heart diseases. (reportshealthcare.com)
  • In a similar way, a new study published in the Journal of the American Heart Association focuses on the link between infections and cardiovascular diseases. (reportshealthcare.com)
  • The two weeks-post the infection were seen to have the highest risk of having cardiovascular diseases, especially a stroke and a heart attack. (reportshealthcare.com)
  • The condition may be congenital or the result of other diseases such as rheumatic fever or infections. (heartofyours.com)
  • Cardiovascular diseases and their complications are responsible for the greatest number of deaths among Americans, including both men and women and every racial and ethnic group in the country. (heartofyours.com)
  • Well, first and foremost, I'm a cardiologist, and so that means I take care of patients with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. (coursera.org)
  • Estrogen in pre-menopausal women has a protective effect in cardiovascular diseases. (hubpages.com)
  • This process goes parallel with the metabolic changes that add up to create an unfavourable risk factor profile for cardiovascular diseases. (hubpages.com)
  • American Stroke Association Building healthier lives, free of stroke and cardiovascular diseases. (strokeassociation.org)
  • Infections associated with diseases are those that are associated with possible infectious etiologies, that meet the requirements of Koch's postulates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cardiovascular complications associated with chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection. (biomedsearch.com)
  • However, complications including infection may mitigate this benefit. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The cardiovascular complications of SARS-CoV-2 infection [Audio file]. (hstalks.com)
  • Pediatric pulmonary and cardiac complications of vertically transmitted HIV infection (P2C2 HIV) STUDY GROUP. (springer.com)
  • Human immunodeficiency virus-related mortality in infants and children: data from the pediatric pulmonary and cardiovascular complications of vertically transmitted HIV (P(2)C(2)) study. (springer.com)
  • Giuseppe Barbaro, " Metabolic and Cardiovascular Complications of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection", Current HIV Research (2006) 4: 79. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Besides the liver related complications of HCV infection such as liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, chronic infection is associated in several studies with extrahepatic disorders, including metabolic derangements. (hindawi.com)
  • Data suggest that people with psoriatic arthritis are more prone to cardiovascular complications like high blood pressure and heart attacks. (healthcentral.com)
  • Patients with compromised immune systems are especially susceptible to severe complications of adenovirus infection. (wikipedia.org)
  • A strong correlation has been established between the presence of signs of the infection and the severity of atherosclerosis and CVD. (prweb.com)
  • Several lines of basic research indicate that inflammation and perhaps chronic infection may play important roles in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. (ahajournals.org)
  • 15 In addition, animal studies suggest that infection with cytomegalovirus and perhaps other agents can lead to endothelial lesions similar to that of human atherosclerosis. (ahajournals.org)
  • Thus, whether relationships between inflammation, infection, and atherosclerosis are causal or largely due to confounding requires careful consideration. (ahajournals.org)
  • Recent studies have associated evidence of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection with coronary and carotid atherosclerosis and evidence of increased infection with cytomegalovirus (CMV) in patients developing restenosis or with atherosclerosis. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A study concluded that oral infections 'were an independent risk factor for subclinical atherosclerosis, and their association with cardiovascular risk factors persevered through the entire follow-up. (indianexpress.com)
  • The thickening of arteries' wall was observed as a symptom of the progression of atherosclerosis and cerebral infection. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • The pathophysiological basis of the evidenced correlation between HCV infection and atherosclerosis is incompletely understood. (hindawi.com)
  • Chronic inflammation plays a crucial role in the genesis of atherosclerosis and at the same time promotes acute cardiovascular events. (trialbulletin.com)
  • Coronary endothelial dysfunction is considered an early stage of atherosclerosis and is associated with an increased risk of ischaemic cardiovascular outcomes. (trialbulletin.com)
  • But there is good reason to believe that common-sense risk reduction strategies can help delay or prevent cardiovascular problems such as atherosclerosis, heart attacks, and strokes. (thebody.com)
  • Title: "Neutrophils in atherosclerosis - from physiology to intervention"Speaker: Professor Oliver Soehnlein, German Center for Cardiovascular Research, Institute for Cardiovascular Prevention, Munich.Venue: Lecture Theeatre 3, F Floor Medical School.Time: 12:45pm - 1:45pmAbstract: Because of their rare detection in atherosclerotic lesions, the involvement of neutrophils in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis has been largely neglected. (shef.ac.uk)
  • Infection is a serious complication of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIED) and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Though its primary sequelae are liver-related, extrahepatic manifestations contribute to the overall morbidity and mortality of infection. (upenn.edu)
  • The preclinical detection of cardiovascular abnormalities results in early therapeutic interventions and reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. (elsevier.com)
  • Chronic hepatitis C virus infection is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, as a result of progression towards advanced natural course stages including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. (hindawi.com)
  • However, even if the problem is far from a definitive solution, highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has profoundly changed the natural history of HIV infection dramatically reducing AIDS- (acquired immune deficiency syndrome-) related morbidity and mortality [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Secondly, protocols of the administration of these drugs were the same as used for the treatment of acute Chlamydia infection. (prweb.com)
  • was typically present in its persistent chronic form, which can be either resistant to existing antibiotics, or require longer treatment than the acute infection. (prweb.com)
  • Main outcome measures Hazard ratios for cardiovascular events at one year (defined as hospital admissions with acute coronary syndrome, decompensated cardiac failure, serious arrhythmia, or sudden cardiac death) and admissions for acute coronary syndrome (acute ST elevation myocardial infarction, non-ST elevation myocardial infarction, and unstable angina). (bmj.com)
  • After multivariable adjustment, clarithromycin use in community acquired pneumonia was associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events (hazard ratio 1.68, 1.18 to 2.38) but not acute coronary syndrome (1.65, 0.97 to 2.80). (bmj.com)
  • 2 The infection which caused severe acute respiratory syndrome spread rapidly throughout China and then soon around the world and the WHO announced it a pandemic on 11 March 2020. (lww.com)
  • The results suggest that the estimate of the relative incidence of cardiovascular events during the 30 days after infections, a period where acute effects of infection on vascular endothelium may be most pronounced, is substantially attenuated in the presence of infection onset measurement error. (repec.org)
  • Nevertheless, in a large cohort of HIV-positive veterans and a demographically and behaviorally similar cohort of HIV-negative veterans, infection with HIV was associated with a 50% increased risk for acute myocardial infarction beyond that explained by recognized risk factors. (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • Influenza virus infection and risk of acute myocardial infarction. (jamanetwork.com)
  • Role of acute infection in triggering acute coronary syndromes. (jamanetwork.com)
  • Secondary outcomes were all cause and cardiovascular mortality at one year. (bmj.com)
  • Cardiovascular implantable electronic device infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci have distinct clinical features and outcomes, according to research published in the Oct. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology . (medicalxpress.com)
  • Katherine Y. Le, M.D., M.P.H., from the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., and colleagues retrospectively reviewed all cases of CIED infection seen at the Mayo Clinic from 1991 through 2008 to assess device and host factors , clinical features, and patient outcomes. (medicalxpress.com)
  • In conclusion, CIED infections due to S. aureus and CoNS have distinct clinical features and outcomes," the authors write. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Our recent work found an increase in the relative incidence of cardiovascular outcomes during the ∼ 30 days after infection-related hospitalizations using the case series model, which adjusts for measured and unmeasured baseline confounders. (repec.org)
  • Although it is well recognized that the rate of CIED infection is increasing faster than the rate of CIED implantation, there are limited published data on the risk-adjusted mortality and cost associated with CIED infection or the relationship of these outcomes to different CIED types," write the authors. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Despite improvements in cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) design, application of timely infection control practices, and administration of antibiotic prophylaxis at the time of device placement, CIED infections continue to occur and can be life-threatening. (ahajournals.org)
  • In particular, CIED infections have received the bulk of the attention, with sentinel observations regarding the epidemiology, associated risk factors, and management and prevention of permanent pacemaker (PPM) and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) infections. (ahajournals.org)
  • Because of the rarity of infection of implantable loop recorders and cardiovascular monitors, these devices are not considered in the present document. (ahajournals.org)
  • Although uncommon, nonvalvular infections of the cardiovascular system will increase in frequency as the use of implantable devices and prosthetic materials increases in the elderly. (annals.org)
  • Implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) have a several-fold higher rate of infection compared with permanent pacemakers. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Given that numbers of cardiovascular implantable electronic devices placed are increasing rapidly, further studies on the prevention and treatment of this serious complication are needed. (cardiovascularbusiness.com)
  • When researchers adjusted long-term mortality rate and cost ratios with infection by CIED type, pacemakers were associated with significantly greater increases in both measures, compared with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators or cardiac resynchronization therapy/defibrillator devices. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Objectives This study sought to evaluate the impact of abandoned cardiovascular implantable electronic device (CIED) leads on the presentation and management of device-related infections. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Disorders of lipid metabolism, chronic inflammation and immune dysregulation resulting from chronic infection provide a milieu for extrahepatic manifestations. (upenn.edu)
  • In the second study, we analyzed data from The Health Improvement Network (THIN) to determine if chronic HCV infection was independently associated with incident myocardial infarction (MI). (upenn.edu)
  • We calculated the relative risk of first time cardiovascular events (either first myocardial infarction [MI] or stroke) following a respiratory tract infection compared with the individual's baseline risk. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • In contrast, M. Mary-Krause, MD, of INSERM in Paris and colleagues reported at the 8th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (the Retrovirus conference) in February 2001 that in a French cohort, myocardial infarction rates increased with duration of PI use. (thebody.com)
  • The researchers found no statistically significant differences in type or duration of antiretroviral therapy, length of HIV infection, viral load , or CD4 cell count between those who had positive stress tests (that is, those with evidence of myocardial ischemia) and those with negative stress tests. (thebody.com)
  • No association was found between clarithromycin use in community acquired pneumonia and all cause mortality or cardiovascular mortality. (bmj.com)
  • Compared with CoNS endovascular infections, cases of S. aureus endovascular infections had significantly longer duration of bacteremia (56.0 versus 20.3 percent ≥3 days), longer hospitalization (37.4 versus 15.2 percent >20 days), and increased mortality (25.2 versus 9.5 percent). (medicalxpress.com)
  • Cardiac device infective endocarditis (CDIE) in particular has a substantially higher mortality rate than cardiac device infection without endocarditis. (cardiovascularbusiness.com)
  • The presence of concomitant valve infection was associated with increased mortality at one year, regardless of device removal," the authors wrote. (cardiovascularbusiness.com)
  • Muhammad R. Sohail, M.D., from the Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minn., and colleagues analyzed the risk-adjusted total and incremental admission mortality, long-term mortality, admission length of stay (LOS) and admission cost associated with infection. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Depending on the CIED type, infection was associated with significant increases in adjusted admission mortality (4.6 percent to 11.3 percent, depending on type of device) and long-term mortality (26.5 percent to 35.1 percent, depending on type of device). (medicalxpress.com)
  • Our work demonstrates that Medicare beneficiary admissions for CIED procedures with infection are associated with significant, device-dependent, incremental increases in admission mortality and long-term mortality, LOS, and cost compared with those without infection," write the authors. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The etiology of excess mortality in patients with CIED infection after hospital discharge remains unclear and merits further investigation. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Hypertension is highly prevalent in HIV populations and has a profound impact on cardiovascular and overall mortality. (thebodypro.com)
  • Researchers find a higher risk of coronary events during the 3 months after an infection. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Main outcome measures: Evidence of coronary risk factors and infection with H pylori or C pneumoniae. (bmj.com)
  • In general, the findings of studies using carotid ultrasound, coronary computed tomographic angiography, and aortic positron emission tomography agree with those from observational studies of CVD events and suggest that HIV infection is associated with an increased risk of CVD. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE): those whose 10-year absolute risk of a fatal cardiovascular event was directly estimated at AR≥10%, if older, should be considered for treatment. (bmj.com)
  • 1 The document included an encyclopedic view of device infections involving cardiac, arterial, and venous structures. (ahajournals.org)
  • Once diagnosis is confirmed, complete removal of CIED, including cardiac leads, is necessary to cure the infection. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • The majority of patients with device-related systemic infection (bacteremia with or without complicating endocarditis) present with fever, hypotension, embolic lesions (septic pulmonary emboli due to right sided cardiac involvement), or evidence of metastatic seeding in bones or joints. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • CIED pocket infections typically originate from contamination of the device generator, leads, or pocket tissues during implantation procedure, whereas CIED-related endocarditis typically results from hematogenous seeding of the device leads or cardiac valves from a distant source of bacteremia. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • He is the author of over 130 original scientific manuscripts, and has authored clinical practice guidelines and consensus statements on behalf of the American College of Cardiology (ACC), American Heart Association (AHA) and the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI), including Chairing the National Best Practices in the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory document that outlines optimal process improvement for all cardiac catheterization laboratories in the United States. (hstalks.com)
  • As recommended by the CDC, we are working to alert any adult or pediatric patients who underwent a surgical procedure with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), including cardiac surgery, general thoracic surgery, or vascular surgery from June 2011 to August 2016 about the very small risk of infection with NTM. (umcvc.org)
  • Cardiac patients are susceptible to developing more severe infection from SARS-COV-2, making management complicated. (cdc.gov)
  • In this review we discuss the cardiac manifestations of COVID-19 infections as well as considerations for the management of primary cardiac pathologies during this pandemic. (cdc.gov)
  • These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Cardiac Pacemaker Infection. (fpnotebook.com)
  • The primary focus of the statement was to formally recognize this group of cardiovascular infections and to highlight their clinical importance. (ahajournals.org)
  • The 6 years after the publication of the 2003 document 1 have witnessed exceptional advances in our understanding of several clinical aspects of cardiovascular device infections. (ahajournals.org)
  • To review the risk factors, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of nonvalvular infections of the cardiovascular system. (annals.org)
  • Case series and single reports, prospective and retrospective clinical studies, autopsy studies, and reviews were selected if they contained sufficient information about the prevalence, clinical manifestations, microbiologic features, management, and outcome of nonvalvular cardiovascular infections. (annals.org)
  • The clinical presentations of nonvalvular endovascular infections are subtle and diagnoses are difficult to make, often requiring not only a high index of suspicion but also the use of sophisticated radiologic techniques. (annals.org)
  • The clinical spectrum of COVID-19 infection is diverse, varying from asymptomatic state, mild upper respiratory tract illness, to severe pneumonia with respiratory failure and even death. (lww.com)
  • A careful stratification of the cardiovascular risk of HIVinfected patients under HAART is needed according to the most recent clinical guidelines. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Making progress in the study of these infections requires an interdisciplinary approach, from basic in vitro and in vivo laboratory research in an experimental endocarditis model to clinical-translational research. (clinicbarcelona.org)
  • The identification and management of cardiovascular risk factors became a major clinical issue among HIV-infected individuals in the post-cART era. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 8 People who have aged with HIV infection have high rates of comorbid illness at younger ages than people without HIV infection, which leads to increased complexity in the provision of clinical care. (cmaj.ca)
  • Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital today announced results of a clinical trial culminating from 25 years of cardiovascular research work. (healthcanal.com)
  • As Ridker will present in his address to the ESC, CANTOS participants who achieved greater-than-average reductions in hsCRP with canakinumab experienced the largest clinical benefit, a nearly 30 percent reduction in the risk of a recurrent heart attack, stroke or cardiovascular death. (healthcanal.com)
  • My clinical practice focuses on preventative cardiology, it focuses on cardiovascular imaging. (coursera.org)
  • Within a propensity-matched cohort, relevant clinical information was compared between patients who had 1 or more abandoned leads at the time of infection and those who had none. (onlinejacc.org)
  • And if the infection is that severe, we can assume a stronger inflammatory response will result in a higher cardiovascular risk," he said in an interview. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • While diagnosis of pocket infection is typically made based on inflammatory changes (swelling, pain, erythema, drainage, erosion) at the pulse generator site, diagnosis of CIED-related systemic infection is based on positive blood cultures with or without echocardiographic evidence of vegetations on CIED leads or heart valves. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Studies showed that aspirin, in addition to its well-known anti-inflammatory effects, could modulate the innate and adaptive immune responses helping the human immune system battle some viral infections. (reachmd.com)
  • 14 Together, these findings suggest that CVD-related mechanisms reflect a complex interaction of factors involving established CVD pathways in addition to immunologic and inflammatory sequelae of HIV infection. (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • Chronic HCV infection is an inflammatory state not only affecting the liver. (hindawi.com)
  • HCV infection represents a chronic inflammatory state where an imbalance between TH1 and TH2 is observed [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Studies have demonstrated that patients with chronic HCV infection exhibit higher IL-6 and TNF-alpha, INF γ , and IL-2 levels and a higher ratio of proinflammatory/anti-inflammatory cytokines [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The team reports a significant reduction in risk of recurrent heart attacks, strokes and cardiovascular death among participants who received a targeted anti-inflammatory drug that lowered inflammation but had no effects on cholesterol. (healthcanal.com)
  • All the studies are either hospital record based studies or they used inflammatory biomarkers for evaluating the association between endodontic infection and CVD which are very expensive. (trialbulletin.com)
  • Conclusions CMV and Chlamydia pneumoniae infection influences in a small degree both cardiovascular remodeling indices and inflammatory markers in essential hypertensives. (viamedica.pl)
  • plasma levels of several inflammatory and coagulopathy biomarkers, such as interleukin-6 (IL-6), highly sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP), and D-dimer are higher and correlate with outcome in HIV infection [ 9 , 10 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • From an epidemiological perspective, however, the role of inflammation and infection as potential cardiovascular risk factors is far from certain. (ahajournals.org)
  • In addition, both inflammation and infection are more prevalent among smokers. (ahajournals.org)
  • Published in the Journal of JAMA Network Open, the study looked at signs of oral infections and inflammation including caries, fillings, bleeding on probing and probing pocket depth. (indianexpress.com)
  • The signs of oral infection and inflammation marked by the study included caries, fillings, bleeding on probing, and probing pocket depth. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Imaging studies support the intriguing hypothesis that persistent inflammation and immune dysregulation contribute to increased CVD risk among treated and suppressed patients with HIV infection. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Thus, it is practically unknown how a healthy active lifestyle could affect low-grade inflammation processes, infections or allergies in young persons. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The pathological basis of the increased risk of T2DM in HCV infection is provided by the alterations of the molecular mechanisms of IR induced both by the direct effects of the HCV proteins, and by the indirect effects mediated by chronic inflammation, oxidative stress and hepatic steatosis. (minervamedica.it)
  • In this study we hypothesized that changes of the heart muscle structure such as edema and inflammation can be detected in these critically ill patients using cardiovascular MRI. (isrctn.com)
  • For the first time, we've been able to definitively show that lowering inflammation independent of cholesterol reduces cardiovascular risk. (healthcanal.com)
  • We're a world-leading centre for infection, immunity, imaging & cardiovascular research. (sheffield.ac.uk)
  • According to the HSFSA, food choices and eating habits can start affecting cardiovascular health and immunity in a matter of weeks - whoa! (womenshealthsa.co.za)
  • applied, hence there was no evidence that antibiotics used in these patients were effective in inhibiting the infection. (prweb.com)
  • Recognizing the recent advances in our understanding of the epidemiology, risk factors, microbiology, management, and prevention of CIED infections, the American Heart Association commissioned this scientific statement to educate clinicians about CIED infections, provide explicit recommendations for the care of patients with suspected or established CIED infections, and highlight areas of needed research. (ahajournals.org)
  • Measurement Error Case Series Models With Application to Infection-Cardiovascular Risk in Older Patients on Dialysis ," Journal of the American Statistical Association , Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 107(500), pages 1310-1323, December. (repec.org)
  • In patients with prosthetic valve endocarditis, especially those with infection caused by staphylococci or in whom prosthetic valve replacement surgery is required, it is prudent to remove the CIED during the course of treatment (or at surgery) in order to minimize the risk of relapse. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • History: Patients with CIED infection may experience symptoms limited to device pocket (pain, redness, swelling, or drainage) or present with systemic signs and symptoms of infection (fever, chills, sweating, malaise, anorexia). (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Physical examination: Patients with CIED pocket infection typically present with erythema, induration, tenderness, or purulent drainage from the generator site (most frequently placed in pectoral area). (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Patients with an inpatient infection may be at particularly elevated CVD risk and should be considered potential candidates for CVD prophylaxis. (nih.gov)
  • The researchers found valve infection to be present in 66 patients and echocardiographic detection of valvular vegetations in 63 patients. (cardiovascularbusiness.com)
  • Of the 66 patients with concomitant valve infection, 30 underwent valve surgery during index hospitalization. (cardiovascularbusiness.com)
  • Eighty-one patients with defined CDIE had healthcare-associated infections. (cardiovascularbusiness.com)
  • Of those 81 patients, 61 had nosocomial and 20 had nonnosocomial infections. (cardiovascularbusiness.com)
  • Patients with healthcare-acquired infections were associated with intravascular access and hemodialysis, which occurred more frequently in patients referred from other facilities. (cardiovascularbusiness.com)
  • Currently, the American Heart Association (AHA) recommends complete device and lead removal for patients who have definite infection as evidenced by valvular vegetations, lead vegetations or both, the authors wrote. (cardiovascularbusiness.com)
  • In addition, a higher risk of death from cardiovascular events has been showed in HCV patients. (minervamedica.it)
  • We have identified a small number of patients who have developed this infection among the nearly 7,000 patients at Michigan Medicine who had surgery potentially using the Sorin Stöckert devices. (umcvc.org)
  • The population of patients living with HIV and AIDS is aging as a result of both longer life expectancies with infection and an increase in newly acquired infections at older ages. (cmaj.ca)
  • Observational studies have estimated that the prevalence of select age-related comorbidities among these patients approaches that seen among people without HIV infection who are 5 years older, 9 and the risk of multimorbidity for these patients is similar to that of people without HIV infection who are 10-15 years older. (cmaj.ca)
  • In this scenario, the cardiovascular risk has emerged and represents a major concern after the eradication of the virus which may influence the life expectancy and the quality of patients' life. (hindawi.com)
  • In our days when the HCV infection can be treated in more than 90% of HCV infected patients, it is most important for clinicians to deal with the extrahepatic derangements which can diminish patients' life expectancy and alter their quality of life [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The team reports a 15 percent reduction in risk of a cardiovascular event - including fatal or non-fatal heart attacks and strokes - for patients who received either the 150- or 300-mg dose of canakinumab. (healthcanal.com)
  • Overall, the drug was found to be safe in the CANTOS population, but the researchers did note an increase in fatal infection among approximately one in every 1,000 patients treated. (healthcanal.com)
  • Methods The MEDIC (Multicenter Electrophysiologic Device Infection Cohort) prospectively enrolled patients with CIED infections at 10 institutions in the United States and abroad between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2012. (onlinejacc.org)
  • Purpose Assessment of cardiovascular risk in older patients infected by HIV treated with antiretrovirals. (bmj.com)
  • He says that for these people, the infection might have been more severe. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Severe bacterial infections can affect the entire human body, which is called sepsis. (isrctn.com)
  • In this study, we hypothesized that HIV-infected individuals who were hospitalized for severe infections would have an increased CVD risk compared to HIV-infected individuals without hospitalization for severe infections. (biomedcentral.com)
  • [19] Some bacterial infections cause severe abdominal pain and may persist for several weeks. (wikipedia.org)
  • [20] However, in poor countries treatment for severe infections is often out of reach and persistent diarrhea is common. (wikipedia.org)
  • abstract = "Infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has become a major pediatric health concern in the United States and around the world. (elsevier.com)
  • And those subjects who had been treated with aspirin were less associated with the likelihood of COVID-19 infection than those who were not. (reachmd.com)
  • This observation of the possible beneficial effect of low doses of aspirin on COVID-19 infection is preliminary but seems very promising," says Prof. Eli Magen from the Barzilai Medical Center, who led the study. (reachmd.com)
  • PET/CT images show a focal area of increased metabolic activity confined to the percutaneous exit of the drive line (solid arrowhead) in the right lower abdominal wall, compatible with percutaneous exit LVAD infection. (onlinejacc.org)
  • The AFINOS Study was designed to determine the relationship between the regular physical activity levels of adolescents and overweight, infection, and allergies along with the presence of metabolic and immunological biomarkers of a deteriorated health status. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Metabolic abnormalities can also occur with antiretroviral drug use, with higher consequent risk for cardiovascular events. (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • Brachial artery reactivity testing has been especially useful for elucidating the arterial pathophysiology of HIV infection and its treatments, as well as the arterial effects of interventions for treating HIV and dyslipidemia. (onlinejacc.org)
  • We found no association between chronic HCV infection and incident MI after adjustment for demographics, comorbidities, medication exposures, body mass index (BMI), tobacco use and family history of MI. (upenn.edu)
  • Moreover, another important mechanism by which chronic HCV infection can promote the development of atherosclerotic plaques is its well described correlation with proatherogenic conditions such as insulin resistance [ 8 , 9 ] and diabetes type 2 [ 10 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • This has prompted the study of all aspects of CIED infections. (ahajournals.org)
  • Of the 280 cases of staphylococcal CIED infections, the researchers found that 43.9 percent were due to S. aureus and 56.0 percent were attributable to CoNS. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Initially implanted devices were more frequently affected by S. aureus CIED infection. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Corticosteroid therapy, hemodialysis, implanted catheters, prosthetic valves, and remote sources of bacteremia were associated with late S. aureus CIED infection cases as opposed to late CoNS cases. (medicalxpress.com)
  • A history of multiple device revisions and a higher number of total and abandoned leads at presentation were significantly associated with CoNS CIED infections versus S. aureus . (medicalxpress.com)
  • Are you sure your patient has CIED infection? (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • CIED infection can present as generator pocket infection or systemic infection (bacteremia or endocarditis). (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Empiric therapy for CIED infection should include vancomycin, as staphylococci are the most common causative pathogens. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Treatment duration for CIED pocket infection is 10-14 days, whereas therapy for device-related bacteremia ranges from 2 to 4 weeks depending on the organism. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • In the absence of evidence suggesting CIED lead infection or associated endocarditis, these episodes of endocarditis can be treated in the standard manner without CIED removal. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • How does a patient develop CIED infection? (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Which individuals are of greater risk of developing CIED infection? (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Risk factors for CIED infection can be classified as patient-related, device-related, or implantation procedure-related. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Device characteristics associated with increased risk of infection include abdominal generator placement, use of epicardial leads (rare these days), more than two transvenous leads, multiple device revisions, and previous history of CIED infection. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
  • Depending on CIED type, the adjusted LOS was significantly longer with infection. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Intensive care and pharmacy services accounted for more than half of the incremental cost with infection and could be targeted to reduce costs associated with management of CIED infection. (medicalxpress.com)
  • The body's immune response, they suggest, may explain why infections "trigger" heart attack and stroke. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Some research has linked urinary infections and pneumonia , for instance, with the risk of having heart attacks and stroke. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • In the first 2 weeks after having an infection, the risk of a stroke or a heart attack was the highest. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A case-crossover design and conditional logistic regression were used to compare in- and outpatient infections among CHD and ischemic stroke cases (14, 30, 42, and 90 days before the event) with corresponding control periods 1 and 2 years previously. (nih.gov)
  • A Mediterranean diet rapidly cut rates of MI, stroke, and cardiovascular death in a randomized trial of high-risk people in the general population of Spain. (thebodypro.com)
  • Results: Our cohort consisted of 895 individuals with non-CF bronchiectasis with a first MI or stroke and at least one respiratory tract infection. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Conclusions: These data suggest that respiratory tract infections are strongly associated with a transient increased risk of first time MI or stroke amongst people with bronchiectasis. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Pregnant women who have an infection when they enter the hospital for delivery might be at higher risk of having a stroke during their stay, according to new research. (strokeassociation.org)
  • In 2003, the American Heart Association published a scientific statement that reviewed a variety of nonvalvular cardiovascular device infections. (ahajournals.org)
  • He is a two-term Past Member of the American College of Cardiology (ACC) Interventional Scientific Council, Associate Director of Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT), and has served on the Program Committee for the American Heart Association Annual Scientific Sessions. (hstalks.com)
  • The document also included a limited number of recommendations regarding the prevention and management of nonvalvular device infections. (ahajournals.org)
  • Studies are needed to determine the most appropriate diagnostic methods, treatment regimens, and methods for prevention of these infections. (annals.org)
  • And so prevention and treatment of oral infections during childhood is crucial. (indianexpress.com)
  • Prevention and treatment of oral infections are important already in childhood," the researchers concluded. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Whether hospital admission for sepsis or pneumonia is associated with persistent increased risk (over a year after infection) is less well established. (ovid.com)
  • Sepsis occurs when there is an overereation of the body to fight infection with chemicals released into the blood affecting major organs. (isrctn.com)
  • HIV itself and combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) appear to inflate cardiovascular risk about 50% in adults and children. (thebodypro.com)
  • The risk of resistance to antiretroviral therapy and toxicity is increased because of the long duration of infection. (cmaj.ca)
  • The most commonly reported infections were urinary tract infections , pneumonia, and respiratory infections. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The most common infections seen in the 1-2 year medical history before the heart problems were respiratory infections, urinary tract infections, and pneumonia. (reportshealthcare.com)
  • and eye and respiratory infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cardiovascular status of infants and children of women infected with HIV-1 (P2C2 HIV): a cohort study. (springer.com)
  • Cohort studies - some involving people with HIV co-infection - have yielded conflicting results. (aidsmap.com)
  • Schematic representing the cardiovascular manifestations of COVID-19. (cdc.gov)
  • Conclusions In- and outpatient infections are associated with CVD risk. (nih.gov)
  • 2018. https://peds.unboundmedicine.com/pedscentral/view/Johns_Hopkins_ABX_Guide/540082/all/Cardiovascular_Device_Infections. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • To assess cardiovascular remodeling following investigations were performed: carotid intima-media thickness (IMT), carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), diastolic function (IVRT - isovolumetric relaxation time, E/A - mitral inflow waves ratio, EDT - E wave deceleration time, AR - reversal flow in pulmonary veins during atrial contraction, S/D pulmonary inflow waves ratio). (viamedica.pl)
  • Some evidence exists for the use of cranberry in preventing, but not treating, urinary tract infections (UTIs). (drugs.com)
  • The researchers looked for infections that these people developed up to 1-2 years before the cardiovascular event. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Researchers found a total of 5,817 admissions with infection. (medicalxpress.com)
  • Kathleen M. Caron, PhDCHAPEL HILL - UNC School of Medicine researchers have discovered an unlikely relationship between CXCR7 - a protein implicated in tumor growth and metastasis - and adrenomedullin - a hormone involved in cardiovascular health. (healthcanal.com)
  • A team led by researchers at the University of Kent has identified bacterial infection as a possible cause of Overactive Bladder Syndrome (OAB). (news-medical.net)
  • Hence, treatment of periodontitis is related to decreased levels of cardiovascular risk factors. (onlymyhealth.com)
  • Furthermore, HCV RNA sequences have been isolated within carotid plaques and this in turn may suggest the possibility of an active infection of the carotid plaque itself [ 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Nonvalvular infections of the cardiovascular system most commonly occur on previously damaged endocardium or vascular intima and are usually associated with intravascular devices such as graft material or pacemakers. (annals.org)
  • One of the biggest takeaways is that we have to prevent these infections whenever possible […] and that means flu shots and pneumonia vaccines, especially for older individuals. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Serological methods are recommended for diagnosis because pneumonia or respiratory symptoms are often minimal or even absent in extrapulmonary manifestations due to M. pneumoniae infection. (frontiersin.org)
  • Symptoms of respiratory illness caused by adenovirus infection range from the common cold syndrome to pneumonia , croup , and bronchitis . (wikipedia.org)
  • A new study , published in the Journal of the American Heart Association , zooms in on the link between infections and adverse cardiovascular events. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Cardiovascular events. (bmj.com)
  • The association between clarithromycin use and cardiovascular events persisted after matching for the propensity to receive clarithromycin. (bmj.com)
  • Longer durations of clarithromycin use were associated with more cardiovascular events. (bmj.com)
  • We examined in detail the accuracy of the proposed method to estimate the relative incidence of cardiovascular events. (repec.org)
  • Objectives: We aimed to quantify the relative risk of incident cardiovascular events following a respiratory tract infection amongst people with bronchiectasis. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • The standard Framingham model for global CVD risk may not provide the most accurate assessment of the odds of cardiovascular events in HIV-infected persons. (infectiousdiseaseadvisor.com)
  • Fortunately TNF inhibitors, a type of biologic treatment, can cut the risk of cardiovascular events, research shows. (healthcentral.com)
  • Taking varenicline for smoking cessation may put individuals at increased risk of cardiovascular events. (thecardiologyadvisor.com)
  • Infections and parasites are responsible for others, as are high blood pressure ( hypertension ) or diabetes . (heartofyours.com)
  • Background We investigated infuence of Chlamydia pneumoniae (Ch.p.) and Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection on cardiovascular remodeling in essential hypertension. (viamedica.pl)
  • More progressed oral infections and inflammations were associated with several cardiovascular risk factors in adults. (indianexpress.com)
  • However, a major challenge in modeling/assessing the infection-cardiovascular risk hypothesis is that the exact time of infection, or more generally "exposure," onsets cannot be ascertained based on hospitalization data. (repec.org)
  • They also saw a 17 percent reduction in a composite endpoint that further included hospitalization for unstable angina requiring urgent cardiovascular procedures. (healthcanal.com)
  • Does Helicobacter Pylori Infection Lead to Increased Cardiovascular Risk by An Auto-Immune Process? (portlandpress.com)
  • A week after my 1st surgery they had to go back in and perform more surgeryon my heart, then I got a staph infection that required them to remove my sternum then perform pec-flap surgery to repair my chest, followed by 6 weeks of IV antibiotics every12 hrs. (healingwell.com)
  • I see it is becoming an occurance for people with heart and cardiovascular surgery. (healingwell.com)
  • Cardiovascular medicine and surgery. (mdedge.com)
  • Additionally, use of a composite cardiovascular endpoint, characterization of medication exposures as time-varying, and accounting for receipt of HCV therapy did not change our findings. (upenn.edu)
  • These findings may have implications for including cardiovascular risk modifications in airway infection treatment pathways in this population. (nottingham.ac.uk)