The artificial substitution of heart and lung action as indicated for HEART ARREST resulting from electric shock, DROWNING, respiratory arrest, or other causes. The two major components of cardiopulmonary resuscitation are artificial ventilation (RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL) and closed-chest CARDIAC MASSAGE.
The restoration to life or consciousness of one apparently dead. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Cessation of heart beat or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. If it is treated within a few minutes, heart arrest can be reversed in most cases to normal cardiac rhythm and effective circulation.
Rhythmic compression of the heart by pressure applied manually over the sternum (closed heart massage) or directly to the heart through an opening in the chest wall (open heart massage). It is done to reinstate and maintain circulation. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Diversion of the flow of blood from the entrance of the right atrium directly to the aorta (or femoral artery) via an oxygenator thus bypassing both the heart and lungs.
Instructions issued by a physician pertaining to the institution, continuation, or withdrawal of life support measures. The concept includes policies, laws, statutes, decisions, guidelines, and discussions that may affect the issuance of such orders.
Cardiac electrical stimulators that apply brief high-voltage electroshocks to the HEART. These stimulators are used to restore normal rhythm and contractile function in hearts of patients who are experiencing VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION or ventricular tachycardia (TACHYCARDIA, VENTRICULAR) that is not accompanied by a palpable PULSE. Some defibrillators may also be used to correct certain noncritical dysrhythmias (called synchronized defibrillation or CARDIOVERSION), using relatively low-level discharges synchronized to the patient's ECG waveform. (UMDNS, 2003)
Occurrence of heart arrest in an individual when there is no immediate access to medical personnel or equipment.
Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.
A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.
The absence of a useful purpose or useful result in a diagnostic procedure or therapeutic intervention. The situation of a patient whose condition will not be improved by treatment or instances in which treatment preserves permanent unconsciousness or cannot end dependence on intensive medical care. (From Ann Intern Med 1990 Jun 15;112(12):949)
An electrical current applied to the HEART to terminate a disturbance of its rhythm, ARRHYTHMIAS, CARDIAC. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The use of sophisticated methods and equipment to treat cardiopulmonary arrest. Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) includes the use of specialized equipment to maintain the airway, early defibrillation and pharmacological therapy.
Emergency care or treatment given to a person who suddenly becomes ill or injured before full medical services become available.
Care provided patients requiring extraordinary therapeutic measures in order to sustain and prolong life.
Paramedical personnel trained to provide basic emergency care and life support under the supervision of physicians and/or nurses. These services may be carried out at the site of the emergency, in the ambulance, or in a health care institution.
Patients' guests and rules for visiting.
Abnormally low BODY TEMPERATURE that is intentionally induced in warm-blooded animals by artificial means. In humans, mild or moderate hypothermia has been used to reduce tissue damages, particularly after cardiac or spinal cord injuries and during subsequent surgeries.
Acute hemorrhage or excessive fluid loss resulting in HYPOVOLEMIA.
A pathological condition caused by lack of oxygen, manifested in impending or actual cessation of life.
Computer disks storing data with a maximum reduction of space and bandwidth. The compact size reduces cost of transmission and storage.
Application of a life support system that circulates the blood through an oxygenating system, which may consist of a pump, a membrane oxygenator, and a heat exchanger. Examples of its use are to assist victims of smoke inhalation injury, respiratory failure, and cardiac failure.
Declarations by patients, made in advance of a situation in which they may be incompetent to decide about their own care, stating their treatment preferences or authorizing a third party to make decisions for them. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The movement of the BLOOD as it is pumped through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Withholding or withdrawal of a particular treatment or treatments, often (but not necessarily) life-prolonging treatment, from a patient or from a research subject as part of a research protocol. The concept is differentiated from REFUSAL TO TREAT, where the emphasis is on the health professional's or health facility's refusal to treat a patient or group of patients when the patient or the patient's representative requests treatment. Withholding of life-prolonging treatment is usually indexed only with EUTHANASIA, PASSIVE, unless the distinction between withholding and withdrawing treatment, or the issue of withholding palliative rather than curative treatment, is discussed.
A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
Therapy whose basic objective is to restore the volume and composition of the body fluids to normal with respect to WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE. Fluids may be administered intravenously, orally, by intermittent gavage, or by HYPODERMOCLYSIS.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.
A composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving various characters, usually intended to be acted on a stage and to be regarded as a form of entertainment. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The use of communication systems, such as telecommunication, to transmit emergency information to appropriate providers of health services.
The active sympathomimetic hormone from the ADRENAL MEDULLA. It stimulates both the alpha- and beta- adrenergic systems, causes systemic VASOCONSTRICTION and gastrointestinal relaxation, stimulates the HEART, and dilates BRONCHI and cerebral vessels. It is used in ASTHMA and CARDIAC FAILURE and to delay absorption of local ANESTHETICS.
The religion of the Jews characterized by belief in one God and in the mission of the Jews to teach the Fatherhood of God as revealed in the Hebrew Scriptures. (Webster, 3d ed)
Hospital units equipped for childbirth.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Situations or conditions requiring immediate intervention to avoid serious adverse results.
Health care workers specially trained and licensed to assist and support the work of health professionals. Often used synonymously with paramedical personnel, the term generally refers to all health care workers who perform tasks which must otherwise be performed by a physician or other health professional.
Application of heat to correct hypothermia, accidental or induced.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
A vehicle equipped for transporting patients in need of emergency care.
Personnel trained to provide the initial services, care, and support in EMERGENCIES or DISASTERS.
Drugs that bind to and activate adrenergic receptors.
A profound state of unconsciousness associated with depressed cerebral activity from which the individual cannot be aroused. Coma generally occurs when there is dysfunction or injury involving both cerebral hemispheres or the brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION.
Medical and nursing care of patients in the terminal stage of an illness.
Compliance by health personnel or proxies with the stipulations of ADVANCE DIRECTIVES (or similar directives such as RESUSCITATION ORDERS) when patients are unable to direct their own care.
A condition with trapped gas or air in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, usually secondary to perforation of the internal organs such as the LUNG and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, or to recent surgery. Pneumoperitoneum may be purposely introduced to aid radiological examination.
The upper part of the trunk between the NECK and the ABDOMEN. It contains the chief organs of the circulatory and respiratory systems. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Any method of artificial breathing that employs mechanical or non-mechanical means to force the air into and out of the lungs. Artificial respiration or ventilation is used in individuals who have stopped breathing or have RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY to increase their intake of oxygen (O2) and excretion of carbon dioxide (CO2).
A procedure involving placement of a tube into the trachea through the mouth or nose in order to provide a patient with oxygen and anesthesia.
Directions or principles presenting current or future rules of policy for assisting health care practitioners in patient care decisions regarding diagnosis, therapy, or related clinical circumstances. The guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by the convening of expert panels. The guidelines form a basis for the evaluation of all aspects of health care and delivery.
The principles of professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the physician, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the physician in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families.
Diversion of blood flow through a circuit located outside the body but continuous with the bodily circulation.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
Antidiuretic hormones released by the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS of all vertebrates (structure varies with species) to regulate water balance and OSMOLARITY. In general, vasopressin is a nonapeptide consisting of a six-amino-acid ring with a cysteine 1 to cysteine 6 disulfide bridge or an octapeptide containing a CYSTINE. All mammals have arginine vasopressin except the pig with a lysine at position 8. Vasopressin, a vasoconstrictor, acts on the KIDNEY COLLECTING DUCTS to increase water reabsorption, increase blood volume and blood pressure.
Persons who donate their services.
A sudden CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIA (e.g., VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION) caused by a blunt, non-penetrating impact to the precordial region of chest wall. Commotio cordis often results in sudden death without prompt cardiopulmonary defibrillation.
Solutions having the same osmotic pressure as blood serum, or another solution with which they are compared. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed & Dorland, 28th ed)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.
Recording of visual and sometimes sound signals on magnetic tape.
The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
Systems that provide all or most of the items necessary for maintaining life and health. Provisions are made for the supplying of oxygen, food, water, temperature and pressure control, disposition of carbon dioxide and body waste. The milieu may be a spacecraft, a submarine, or the surface of the moon. In medical care, usually under hospital conditions, LIFE SUPPORT CARE is available. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary)
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis.
A reduction in brain oxygen supply due to ANOXEMIA (a reduced amount of oxygen being carried in the blood by HEMOGLOBIN), or to a restriction of the blood supply to the brain, or both. Severe hypoxia is referred to as anoxia, and is a relatively common cause of injury to the central nervous system. Prolonged brain anoxia may lead to BRAIN DEATH or a PERSISTENT VEGETATIVE STATE. Histologically, this condition is characterized by neuronal loss which is most prominent in the HIPPOCAMPUS; GLOBUS PALLIDUS; CEREBELLUM; and inferior olives.
A species of SWINE, in the family Suidae, comprising a number of subspecies including the domestic pig Sus scrofa domestica.
A sudden intense and continuous aggravation of a state of asthma, marked by dyspnea to the point of exhaustion and collapse and not responding to the usual therapeutic efforts.
Educational programs for individuals who have been inactive in their profession, or who wish to regain unused skills.
Continuous recording of the carbon dioxide content of expired air.
Auditory and visual instructional materials.
The volume of air inspired or expired during each normal, quiet respiratory cycle. Common abbreviations are TV or V with subscript T.
A procedure to stop the contraction of MYOCARDIUM during HEART SURGERY. It is usually achieved with the use of chemicals (CARDIOPLEGIC SOLUTIONS) or cold temperature (such as chilled perfusate).
Blocking of the PULMONARY ARTERY or one of its branches by an EMBOLUS.
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill infants and children. Neonates are excluded since INTENSIVE CARE UNITS, NEONATAL is available.
The ability to understand the nature and effect of the act in which the individual is engaged. (From Black's Law Dictionary, 6th ed).
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
An infant during the first month after birth.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Discussions with patients and/or their representatives about the goals and desired direction of the patient's care, particularly end-of-life care, in the event that the patient is or becomes incompetent to make decisions.
The specialty or practice of nursing in the care of patients admitted to the emergency department.
The storing of visual and usually sound signals on discs for later reproduction on a television screen or monitor.
Surgery performed on the heart.
Instruction in which learners progress at their own rate using workbooks, textbooks, or electromechanical devices that provide information in discrete steps, test learning at each step, and provide immediate feedback about achievement. (ERIC, Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1996).
Special hospitals which provide care for ill children.
A white, crystalline powder that is commonly used as a pH buffering agent, an electrolyte replenisher, systemic alkalizer and in topical cleansing solutions.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
The pressure that would be exerted by one component of a mixture of gases if it were present alone in a container. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The exchange of OXYGEN and CARBON DIOXIDE between alveolar air and pulmonary capillary blood that occurs across the BLOOD-AIR BARRIER.
Death that occurs as a result of anoxia or heart arrest, associated with immersion in liquid.
A long, narrow, and flat bone commonly known as BREASTBONE occurring in the midsection of the anterior thoracic segment or chest region, which stabilizes the rib cage and serves as the point of origin for several muscles that move the arms, head, and neck.
Continuance of life or existence especially under adverse conditions; includes methods and philosophy of survival.
The study of the heart, its physiology, and its functions.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
A pathological condition manifested by failure to perfuse or oxygenate vital organs.
Introduction of a tube into a hollow organ to restore or maintain patency if obstructed. It is differentiated from CATHETERIZATION in that the insertion of a catheter is usually performed for the introducing or withdrawing of fluids from the body.
The circulation of blood through the BLOOD VESSELS of the BRAIN.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Conceptual response of the person to the various aspects of death, which are based on individual psychosocial and cultural experience.
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.
Advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring. It is usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
An abnormally rapid ventricular rhythm usually in excess of 150 beats per minute. It is generated within the ventricle below the BUNDLE OF HIS, either as autonomic impulse formation or reentrant impulse conduction. Depending on the etiology, onset of ventricular tachycardia can be paroxysmal (sudden) or nonparoxysmal, its wide QRS complexes can be uniform or polymorphic, and the ventricular beating may be independent of the atrial beating (AV dissociation).
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
The balance between acids and bases in the BODY FLUIDS. The pH (HYDROGEN-ION CONCENTRATION) of the arterial BLOOD provides an index for the total body acid-base balance.
Any liquid used to replace blood plasma, usually a saline solution, often with serum albumins, dextrans or other preparations. These substances do not enhance the oxygen- carrying capacity of blood, but merely replace the volume. They are also used to treat dehydration.
Hypertonic sodium chloride solution. A solution having an osmotic pressure greater than that of physiologic salt solution (0.9 g NaCl in 100 ml purified water).
Professional medical personnel approved to provide care to patients in a hospital.
Registered nurses with graduate degrees in nursing who provide care to pediatric patients who are acutely or critically ill.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
A subspecialty of Pediatrics concerned with the newborn infant.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Surgical removal of an obstructing clot or foreign material which has been transported from a distant vessel by the bloodstream. Removal of a clot at its original site is called THROMBECTOMY.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
A powerful vasodilator used in emergencies to lower blood pressure or to improve cardiac function. It is also an indicator for free sulfhydryl groups in proteins.
Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Respiratory failure in the newborn. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The use of persons coached to feign symptoms or conditions of real diseases in a life-like manner in order to teach or evaluate medical personnel.
Shock resulting from diminution of cardiac output in heart disease.
Self-directing freedom and especially moral independence. An ethical principle holds that the autonomy of persons ought to be respected. (Bioethics Thesaurus)
A subclass of heme a containing cytochromes that have two imidazole nitrogens as axial ligands and an alpha-band absorption of 605 nm. They are found in a variety of microorganisms and in eucaryotes as a low-spin cytochrome component of MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX IV.
A 3.5 per cent colloidal solution containing urea-cross-linked polymerized peptides. It has a molecular weight of approximately 35,000 and is prepared from gelatin and electrolytes. The polymeric solution is used as a plasma expander.
The inhabitants of peripheral or adjacent areas of a city or town.
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
Starches that have been chemically modified so that a percentage of OH groups are substituted with 2-hydroxyethyl ether groups.
A technique to arrest the flow of blood by lowering BODY TEMPERATURE to about 20 degrees Centigrade, usually achieved by infusing chilled perfusate. The technique provides a bloodless surgical field for complex surgeries.
Drugs used to cause constriction of the blood vessels.
The individuals employed by the hospital.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Institutions with an organized medical staff which provide medical care to patients.
A pulmonary ventilation rate faster than is metabolically necessary for the exchange of gases. It is the result of an increased frequency of breathing, an increased tidal volume, or a combination of both. It causes an excess intake of oxygen and the blowing off of carbon dioxide.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.

Repeated administration of vasopressin but not epinephrine maintains coronary perfusion pressure after early and late administration during prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation in pigs. (1/1128)

BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether repeated dosages of vasopressin or epinephrine given early or late during basic life support cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may be able to increase coronary perfusion pressure above a threshold between 20 and 30 mm Hg that renders defibrillation successful. METHODS AND RESULTS: After 4 minutes of cardiac arrest, followed by 3 minutes of basic life support CPR, 12 animals were randomly assigned to receive, every 5 minutes, either vasopressin (early vasopressin: 0.4, 0.4, and 0.8 U/kg, respectively; n=6) or epinephrine (early epinephrine: 45, 45, and 200 microg/kg, respectively; n=6). Another 12 animals were randomly allocated after 4 minutes of cardiac arrest, followed by 8 minutes of basic life support CPR, to receive, every 5 minutes, either vasopressin (late vasopressin: 0.4 and 0.8 U/kg, respectively; n=6), or epinephrine (late epinephrine: 45 and 200 microg/kg, respectively; n=6). Defibrillation was attempted after 22 minutes of cardiac arrest. Mean+/-SEM coronary perfusion pressure was significantly higher 90 seconds after early vasopressin compared with early epinephrine (50+/-4 versus 34+/-3 mm Hg, P<0.02; 42+/-5 versus 15+/-3 mm Hg, P<0.0008; and 37+/-5 versus 11+/-3 mm Hg, P<0. 002, respectively). Mean+/-SEM coronary perfusion pressure was significantly higher 90 seconds after late vasopressin compared with late epinephrine (40+/-3 versus 22+/-4 mm Hg, P<0.004, and 32+/-4 versus 15+/-4 mm Hg, P<0.01, respectively). All vasopressin animals survived 60 minutes, whereas no epinephrine pig had return of spontaneous circulation (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Repeated administration of vasopressin but only the first epinephrine dose given early and late during basic life support CPR maintained coronary perfusion pressure above the threshold that is needed for successful defibrillation.  (+info)

Is peer tutoring beneficial in the context of school resuscitation training? (2/1128)

First year pupils at a Cardiff comprehensive school were trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 106 by the teacher only and 137 by the teacher assisted by older pupils (peer tutoring). Scores in a multiple choice theory test and in practical skill assessment showed no significant difference between instruction methods, but boys taught by the teacher assisted by older pupils expressed less willingness to resuscitate in an emergency than girls instructed by either method (P < 0.01). Girls had higher scores in the multiple choice paper (P < 0.025) and in the skills assessment (P < 0.01). Those pupils who reported some prior knowledge of resuscitation techniques performed better during skill assessment than novice trainees (P < 0.025).  (+info)

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation: effect of CPAP on gas exchange during chest compressions. (3/1128)

BACKGROUND: Conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) includes 80-100/min precordial compressions with intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) after every fifth compression. To prevent gastric insufflation, chest compressions are held during IPPV if the patient is not intubated. Elimination of IPPV would simplify CPR and might offer physiologic advantages, but compression-induced ventilation without IPPV has been shown to result in hypercapnia. The authors hypothesized that application of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) might increase CO2 elimination during chest compressions. METHODS: After appropriate instrumentation and measurement of baseline data, ventricular fibrillation was induced in 18 pigs. Conventional CPR was performed as a control (CPR(C)) for 5 min. Pauses were then discontinued, and animals were assigned randomly to receive alternate trials of uninterrupted chest compressions at a rate of 80/min without IPPV, either at atmospheric airway pressure (CPR(ATM)) or with CPAP (CPR(CPAP)). CPAP was adjusted to produce a minute ventilation of 75% of the animal's baseline ventilation. Data were summarized as mean +/- SD and compared with Student t test for paired observations. RESULTS: During CPR without IPPV, CPAP decreased PaCO2 (55+/-28 vs. 100+/-16 mmHg) and increased SaO2 (0.86+/-0.19 vs. 0.50+/-0.18%; P < 0.001). CPAP also increased arteriovenous oxygen content difference (10.7+/-3.1 vs. 5.5+/-2.3 ml/dl blood) and CO2 elimination (120+/-20 vs. 12+/-20 ml/min; P < 0.01). Differences between CPR(CPAP) and CPR(ATM) in aortic blood pressure, cardiac output, and stroke volume were not significant. CONCLUSIONS: Mechanical ventilation may not be necessary during CPR as long as CPAP is applied. Discontinuation of IPPV will simplify CPR and may offer physiologic advantage.  (+info)

Resuscitation from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: is survival dependent on who is available at the scene? (4/1128)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is influenced by the on-scene availability of different grades of ambulance personnel and other health professionals. DESIGN: Population based, retrospective, observational study. SETTING: County of Nottinghamshire with a population of one million. SUBJECTS: All 2094 patients who had resuscitation attempted by Nottinghamshire Ambulance Service crew from 1991 to 1994; study of 1547 patients whose arrest were of cardiac aetiology. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Survival to hospital admission and survival to hospital discharge. RESULTS: Overall survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest remains poor: 221 patients (14.3%) survived to reach hospital alive and only 94 (6.1%) survived to be discharged from hospital. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the chances of those resuscitated by technician crew reaching hospital alive were poor but were greater when paramedic crew were either called to assist technicians or dealt with the arrest themselves (odds ratio 6.9 (95% confidence interval 3.92 to 26.61)). Compared to technician crew, survival to hospital discharge was only significantly improved with paramedic crew (3.55 (1.62 to 7.79)) and further improved when paramedics were assisted by either a health professional (9.91 (3.12 to 26.61)) or a medical practitioner (20.88 (6.72 to 64.94)). CONCLUSIONS: Survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest remains poor despite attendance at the scene of the arrest by ambulance crew and other health professionals. Patients resuscitated by a paramedic from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest caused by cardiac disease were more likely to survive to hospital discharge than when resuscitation was provided by an ambulance technician. Resuscitation by a paramedic assisted by a medical practitioner offers a patient the best chances of surviving the event.  (+info)

Influence of ambulance crew's length of experience on the outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. (5/1128)

AIMS: To investigate whether an ambulance crew's length of experience affected the outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a population-based, retrospective observational study of attempted resuscitations in 1547 consecutive arrests of cardiac aetiology by Nottinghamshire Emergency Ambulance Service crew. One thousand and seventy-one patients were managed by either a paramedic or a technician crew without assistance from other trained individuals at the scene of arrest. Overall, the chances of a patient surviving to be discharged from hospital alive did not appear to be affected by the paramedic's length of experience (among survivors, 18 months experience vs non-survivors 16 months experience, P = 0.347) but there appears to be a trend in the effect of a technician's length of experience on survival (among survivors, 60 months experience vs non-survivors 28 months experience, P = 0.075). However, when a technician had 4 years of experience or more and a paramedic 1 year's experience, survival rates did improve. Logistic regression analysis, adjusted for factors known to influence outcome, revealed that chances of survival increased once technicians had over 4 years of experience after qualification (odds ratio 2.71, 95% CI 1.17 to 6.32, P = 0.02) and paramedics after just 1 year of experience (odds ratio 2.68, 95% CI 1.05 to 6.82, P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Survival from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest varies with the type of ambulance crew and length of experience after qualification. Experience in the field seems important as paramedics achieve better survival rates after just 1 year's experience, while technicians need to have more than 4 years' experience to improve survival.  (+info)

Preparing for medical emergencies in the dental office. (6/1128)

If you discover an unconscious patient in your office, attend to the ABCs while you evaluate the patient's medical history and piece together the events leading up to the emergency. These actions will help you arrive at a diagnosis. Then as the emergency cart and team arrive, you will be able to provide good, safe care to stabilize the patient and get him or her to a medical facility.  (+info)

A comparison of standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation and active compression-decompression resuscitation for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. French Active Compression-Decompression Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Study Group. (7/1128)

BACKGROUND: We previously observed that short-term survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest was greater with active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) than with standard CPR. In the current study, we assessed the effects of the active compression-decompression method on one-year survival. METHODS: Patients who had cardiac arrest in the Paris metropolitan area or in Thionville, France, more than 80 percent of whom had asystole, were assigned to receive either standard CPR (377 patients) or active compression-decompression CPR (373 patients) according to whether their arrest occurred on an even or odd day of the month, respectively. The primary end point was survival at one year. The rate of survival to hospital discharge without neurologic impairment and the neurologic outcome were secondary end points. RESULTS: Both the rate of hospital discharge without neurologic impairment (6 percent vs. 2 percent, P=0.01) and the one-year survival rate (5 percent vs. 2 percent, P=0.03) were significantly higher among patients who received active compression-decompression CPR than among those who received standard CPR. All patients who survived to one year had cardiac arrests that were witnessed. Nine of 17 one-year survivors in the active compression-decompression group and 2 of 7 in the standard group, respectively, initially had asystole or pulseless electrical activity. In 12 of the 17 survivors who had received active compression-decompression CPR, neurologic status returned to base line, as compared with 3 of 7 survivors who had received standard CPR (P=0.34). CONCLUSIONS: Active compression-decompression CPR performed during advanced life support significantly improved long-term survival rates among patients who had cardiac arrest outside the hospital.  (+info)

Effects of the AMPA receptor antagonist NBQX on outcome of newborn pigs after asphyxic cardiac arrest. (8/1128)

In neonates, asphyxia is a common cause of neuronal injury and often results in seizures. The authors evaluated whether blockade of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA) receptors during asphyxia and early recovery with 2,3-dihydroxy-6-nitro-7-sulfamoylbenzo-(F)-quinoxaline (NBQX) ameliorates neurologic deficit and histopathology in 1-week-old piglets. Anesthetized piglets were exposed to a sequence of 30 minutes of hypoxia, 5 minutes of room air ventilation, 7 minutes of airway occlusion, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Vehicle or NBQX was administered intravenously before asphyxia (30 mg/kg) and during the first 4 hours of recovery (15 mg/kg/h). Neuropathologic findings were evaluated at 96 hours of recovery by light microscopic and cytochrome oxidase histochemical study. Cardiac arrest occurred at 5 to 6 minutes of airway occlusion, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation restored spontaneous circulation independent of treatment modalities in about 2 to 3 minutes. Neurologic deficit over the 96-hour recovery period was not ameliorated by NBQX. Seizure activity began after 24 to 48 hours in 7 of 10 animals with vehicle and in 9 of 10 of animals with NBQX. In each group, four animals died in status epilepticus. Neuropathologic outcomes were not improved by NBQX. The density of remaining viable neurons was decreased in parietal cortex and putamen by NBQX treatment. Metabolic defects in cytochrome oxidase activity were worsened by NBQX treatment. Seizure activity during recovery was associated with reduced neuronal viability in neocortex and striatum in piglets from both groups that survived for 96 hours. This neonatal model of asphyxic cardiac arrest and resuscitation generates neurologic deficits, clinical seizure activity, and selective damage in regions of basal ganglia and sensorimotor cortex. In contrast to other studies in mature brain, AMPA receptor blockade with NBQX failed to protect against neurologic damage in the immature piglet and worsened postasphyxic histopathologic outcome in neocortex and putamen.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Survival after in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation. T2 - A meta- analysis. AU - Ebell, Mark H.. AU - Becker, Lorne A.. AU - Barry, Henry C.. AU - Hagen, Michael. PY - 1998. Y1 - 1998. N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the rates of immediate survival and survival to discharge for adult patients undergoing in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and to identify demographic and clinical variables associated with these outcomes. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The MEDLARS database of the National Library of Medicine was searched. In addition, the authors extensive personal files and the bibliography of each identified study were searched for further studies. Two sets of inclusion criteria were used, minimal (any study of adults undergoing in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation) and strict (included only patients from general ward and intensive care units, and adequately defined cardiopulmonary arrest and resuscitation). Each study was independently reviewed and abstracted in a ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - European Resuscitation Council and European Society of Intensive Care Medicine 2015 guidelines for post-resuscitation care. AU - Nolan, Jerry P.. AU - Soar, Jasmeet. AU - Cariou, Alain. AU - Cronberg, Tobias. AU - Moulaert, Véronique R.M.. AU - Deakin, Charles D.. AU - Bottiger, Bernd W.. AU - Friberg, Hans. AU - Sunde, Kjetil. AU - Sandroni, Claudio. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2015, European Resuscitation Council. Published by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. All rights reserved. Copyright: Copyright 2019 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2015/10/13. Y1 - 2015/10/13. N2 - The European Resuscitation Council and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine have collaborated to produce these post-resuscitation care guidelines, which are based on the 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Science with Treatment Recommendations. Recent changes in post-resuscitation care include: (a) greater emphasis on the need for urgent coronary ...
Outcomes after in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are very poor, particularly in patients with oxygen dependent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or metastatic cancer. Recent work found that in-hospital CPR is being performed more often before death with unchanging survival and that fewer CPR survivors are being discharged home, thus suggesting that CPR is increasingly performed without benefit and that the burden of this ineffective treatment is increasing. Unlike other medical procedures, CPR has become the default provided to all patients even those with tremendously poor outcomes. It is time to change the paradigm of CPR. Through comparing an innovative informed assent approach toward in-hospital CPR (informing patients that their underlying chronic illness makes outcomes of CPR so poor that CPR is not performed while allowing them to disagree) versus usual care in a group of chronically ill patients with reduced life expectancy, the investigators aspire to ...
Cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation outcome reports : update of the Utstein resuscitation registry templates for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest : a statement for healthcare professionals from a task force of the international liaison committee on Resuscitation (American Heart Association, European Resuscitation Council, Australian and New Zealand Council on Resuscitation, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, InterAmerican Heart Foundation, Resuscitation Council of Southern Africa, Resuscitation Council of Asia); and the American Heart Association Emergency Cardiovascular Care Committee and the Council on Cardiopulmonary, Critical Care, Perioperative and Resuscitation ...
The Delegation for Medical Ethics within the Swedish Society of Medicine has taken the initiative to create national ethical guidelines on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The reasons behind this initiative were indications of differences in the way decisions about cardiopulmonary resuscitation were made and documented and requests expressed by health- care professionals for new national ethical guidelines. During the process of creating the guidelines, a number of work- shops were held with representatives from the delegation and clinical experts from various branches of medicine. Several versions of the working document were sent to consultation bodies with requests for comments. We therefore believe that the final guidelines are well supported by the medical profession in Sweden. The purpose of this article is to present ethical issues on which it was difficult to reach consensus due to divergent opinions expressed by the people and organisations involved. The arguments for and against a ...
BACKGROUND: Information from the Swedish Cardiac Arrest Registry was used to investigate: (a) The proportion of patients suffering an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who were given bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (B-CPR). (b) Where and by whom B-CPR was given. (c) The effect of B-CPR on survival. METHOD: a prospective, observational study of cardiac arrests reported to the Swedish Cardiac Arrest Registry. Analyses were based on standardised reports of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests from ambulance organisations in Sweden, serving 60% of the Swedish population. From 1983 to 1995 approximately 15-20% of the population had been trained in CPR. RESULTS: Of 9877 patients, collected between January 1990 and May 1995, B-CPR was attempted in 36%. In 56% of these cases, the bystanders were lay persons and in 25% they were medical personnel. Most of the arrests took place at home (69%) and only 23% of these patients were given B-CPR in contrast to cardiac arrest in other places where 53% were given ...
These Web-based Integrated Guidelines incorporate all relevant recommendations from 2010, 2015 and 2017.. The 2017 American Heart Association Focused Update on Pediatric Basic Life Support and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality addresses the comparison of chest compression-only CPR to CPR using chest compressions with rescue breaths for cardiac arrest in infants and children. It includes 2 additional out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) studies published after 2015 that further expand the evidence base used to develop the 2015 Guidelines Update.. The 2015 American Heart Association (AHA) Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC) section on pediatric basic life support (BLS) differs substantially from previous versions of the AHA Guidelines.1 This publication updates the 2010 AHA Guidelines on pediatric BLS for several key questions related to pediatric CPR. The Pediatric ILCOR Task Force reviewed the topics covered in the 2010 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Survival and Hemodynamics during Pediatric Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation for Bradycardia and Poor Perfusion Versus Pulseless Cardiac Arrest. AU - Morgan, Ryan W.. AU - Reeder, Ron W.. AU - Meert, Kathleen L.. AU - Telford, Russell. AU - Yates, Andrew R.. AU - Berger, John T.. AU - Graham, Kathryn. AU - Landis, William P.. AU - Kilbaugh, Todd J.. AU - Newth, Christopher J.. AU - Carcillo, Joseph A.. AU - McQuillen, Patrick S.. AU - Harrison, Rick E.. AU - Moler, Frank W.. AU - Pollack, Murray M.. AU - Carpenter, Todd C.. AU - Notterman, Daniel. AU - Holubkov, Richard. AU - Dean, J. Michael. AU - Nadkarni, Vinay M.. AU - Berg, Robert A.. AU - Sutton, Robert M.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2020 BMJ Publishing Group. All rights reserved.. PY - 2020. Y1 - 2020. N2 - Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare survival outcomes and intra-arrest arterial blood pressures between children receiving cardiopulmonary resuscitation for bradycardia and poor perfusion and those with ...
European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2015: Section 2. Adult basic life support and automated external defibrillation
Nolan, J.P. et al. (2016) Critical Care.20(219) Background: In recent years there have been many developments in post-resuscitation care. We have investigated trends in patient characteristics and outcome following admission to UK critical care units following cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) for the period 2004-2014. Our hypothesis is that there has been a reduction in risk-adjusted mortality during this…
OBJECTIVE: Data regarding pediatric in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have been limited because of retrospective study designs, small sample sizes, and inconsistent definitions of cardiac arrest and CPR. The purpose of this study was to prospectively describe and evaluate pediatric in-hospital CPR with the international consensus-derived epidemiologic definitions from the Utstein guidelines.. METHODS: All 129 in-hospital CPRs during 12 months at a 122-bed university childrens hospital in Sao Paulo, Brazil, were described and evaluated using Utstein reporting guidelines. These guidelines include standardized descriptions of hospital variables, patient variables, arrest/event variables, and outcome variables. CPR was defined as chest compressions and assisted ventilation provided because of cardiac arrest or because of severe bradycardia with poor perfusion. Outcome variables included sustained return of spontaneous circulation, 24-hour survival, 30-day survival, 1-year survival, ...
2016 China CPR expert consensus released - Sohu health recently, the guidance of Chinas comprehensive prevention and control system of cardiac arrest and CPR clinical practice guidelines for action - the 2016 China cardiopulmonary resuscitation expert consensus (hereinafter referred to as consensus) officially released. It is reported that the consensus by the society of China research-oriented hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation study collection of experts in the field of CPR domestic Specialized Committee, CPR international scientific consensus guidelines based on the combination of Chinas national conditions and practice, and recently by the critical care medicine promulgated. China abdomen cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the founder of Chinese research hospital to learn CPR, Specialized Committee chair, Chinese Medical Association branch chairman of the popularization of science, the armed police general hospital emergency medical center director, doctoral tutor Professor Wang ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pediatric life support 2020 international consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care science with treatment recommendations. AU - Pediatric Life Support Collaborators. AU - Maconochie, Ian K.. AU - Aickin, Richard. AU - Hazinski, Mary Fran. AU - Atkins, Dianne L.. AU - Bingham, Robert. AU - Couto, Thomaz Bittencourt. AU - Guerguerian, Anne Marie. AU - Nadkarni, Vinay M.. AU - Ng, Kee Chong. AU - Nuthall, Gabrielle A.. AU - Ong, Gene Y.K.. AU - Reis, Amelia G.. AU - Schexnayder, Stephen M.. AU - Scholefield, Barnaby R.. AU - Tijssen, Janice A.. AU - Nolan, Jerry P.. AU - Morley, Peter T.. AU - van de Voorde, Patrick. AU - Zaritsky, Arno L.. AU - de Caen, Allan R.. AU - Moylan, Alex. AU - Topjian, Alexis. AU - Nation, Kevin. AU - Ohshimo, Shinchiro. AU - Bronicki, Ronald A.. AU - Kadlec, Kelly D.. AU - Knight, Lynda J.. AU - McCormick, Taylor N.. AU - Morgan, Ryan W.. AU - Roberts, Joan S.. AU - Tabbutt, Sarah. AU - Thiagarajan, Ravi. AU - Walsh, ...
AIM: The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the association between chest compression rates and 1) arterial blood pressure and 2) survival outcomes during pediatric in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).. METHODS: Prospective observational study of children ≥37 weeks gestation and ,19 years old who received CPR in an intensive care unit (ICU) as part of the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Quality of CPR Study (PICqCPR) of the Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network (CPCCRN). Arterial blood pressure and compression rate were determined from manually extracted arterial line waveform data during the first 10 min of CPR. The primary outcome was survival to hospital discharge. Modified Poisson regression models assessed the association between rate categories (80-,100, 100-120 [Guidelines], ,120-140, ,140) and outcomes.. RESULTS: Compression rate data were available for 164 patients. More than half (98/164; 60%) were ,1 year old. Return of circulation was achieved in ...
Failure of `Predictors of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Outcomes to Predict Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Outcomes: Implications for Do-Not-Resuscitate Policy and Advance ...
The Sixth Wolf-Creek Conference was held at the Ritz Carlton Hotel in Rancho Mirage from June 4, 2001 to June 7, 2001. Approximately 70 internationally renown experts on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation attended the Conference and presented their most recent research findings. Four Army Medical officers attended and observed the Conference. The experts specifically focused on issues of optimizing waveforms and emergencies for defibrillation, mechanical options for improving blood flow during cardiac arrest, more optimal vasopressor interventions during CPR, myocardial and cerebral preservation during CPR, and outcome measurements. The proceedings of the Conference will be published in a Supplement of the Journal of Critical Care Medicine.
Objective: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique useful in the prevention of death or delaying it in a person with cardiac arrest. In this regard, demographic information about patients who need CPR is vital. Methods: In this cross-sectional study patients with cardiopulmonary arrest or arrhythmias admitted to Imam Reza and Sina educational hospitals of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences from 22 December 2013 to 21 December 2014 entered the study. Demographic information such as age, sex, cardiopulmonary resuscitation time, the place of cardiopulmonary arrest (outside or inside the hospital), the duration of resuscitation process, success or failure of the resuscitation process and the mechanism of cardiopulmonary arrest were obtained. Results: From a total of 354 cases of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, 281 cases (79%) were unsuccessful and 73 cases (21%) were successful. The average age of patients was 59 ± 22 years. The average time of the resuscitation process was 31 ± 12
Abstract: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is alongside electrical defibrillation the most crucial countermeasure for sudden cardiac arrest, which affects thousands of individuals every year. In this paper, we present a novel approach including sinusoid models that use skeletal motion data from an RGB-D (Kinect) sensor and the Differential Evolution (DE) optimization algorithm to dynamically fit sinusoidal curves to derive frequency and depth parameters for cardiopulmonary resuscitation training. It is intended to be part of a robust and easy-to-use feedback system for CPR training, allowing its use for unsupervised training. The accuracy of this DE-based approach is evaluated in comparison with data of 28 participants recorded by a state-of-the-art training mannequin. We optimized the DE algorithm hyperparameters and showed that with these optimized parameters the frequency of the CPR is recognized with a median error of $\pm 2.9$ compressions per minute compared to the reference training ...
The ResQPOD® Impedance Threshold Device (ITD) is a simple, non-invasive device that delivers Intrathoracic Pressure Regulation (IPR) Therapy during basic or advanced life support CPR to improve perfusion.
Our very own Honorary Clinical Research Fellow, Dr Richard Lyon, has triumphed at the 2012 European Resuscitation Council Congress, held in Vienna, where his research, A program of Education, Audit and Leadership can improve outcomes after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest - the TOPCAT2, was the prize talk, beating off over 400 research abstracts from around the world. Watch Dr Lyons award winning lecture on the TOPCAT 2 project.
Resuscitation. 2007;74:276-285. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2006.12.017, refnum:2},{id: IDLRT3, content: de Vries W, Turner NM, Monsieurs KG, Bierens JJ, Koster RW. Comparison of instructor-led automated external defibrillation training and three alternative DVD-based training methods. Resuscitation. 2010;81:1004-1009. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2010.04.006, refnum:3},{id: IDLRT4, content: Saraç L, Ok A. The effects of different instructional methods on students acquisition and retention of cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills. Resuscitation. 2010;81:555-561. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2009.08.030, refnum:4},{id: IDLRT5, content: Bobrow BJ, Vadeboncoeur TF, Spaite DW, Potts J, Denninghoff K, Chikani V, Brazil PR, Ramsey B, Abella BS. The effectiveness of ultrabrief and brief educational videos for training lay responders in hands-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation: implications for the future of citizen cardiopulmonary resuscitation training. Circ Cardiovasc Qual ...
Our BLS courses are organised every week at our training centre in Bangor. We are Northern Ireland BEST choice for First Aid courses. CPR Courses weekly.
Our BLS courses are organised every week at our training centre in Bangor. We are Northern Ireland BEST choice for First Aid courses. CPR Courses weekly.
Objective: While cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) chest compression fraction (CCF) is associated with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) outcomes, there is no standard method for the determination of CCF. We compared nine methods for calculating CCF. Methods: We studied consecutive adult OHCA patients treated by Alabama Emergency Medical Services (EMS) agencies of the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) during January 1, 2010 to October 28, 2010. Paramedics used portable cardiac monitors with real-time chest compression detection technology (LifePak 12, Physio-Control, Redmond, WA). We performed both automated CCF calculation for the entire care episode as well as manual review of CPR data in 1-min epochs, defining CCF as the proportion of each treatment interval with active chest compressions. We compared the CCF values resulting from 9 calculation methods: (1) mean CCF for the entire patient care episode (automated calculation by manufacturer software), (2) mean CCF for first 3. min ...
The ResQGARD Impedance Threshold Device (ITD) provides a rapid, safe and non-invasive way to improve perfusion in spontaneously breathing hypotensive patients. Learn more.
Using an isolated, fibrillated canine heart-lung preparation, we studied the effects of simultaneous lung inflation and chest compression on blood flow in a model of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The heart and lungs were placed in an artificial thorax with the great vessels and trachea exteriorized and attached to an artificial perfusion circuit and respirator, respectively. The blood volume of the system was adjusted to obtain various levels of static equilibrium pressure. Blood flow was obtained by cyclically raising and lowering the pressure in the artificial thorax, simulating the changes in pleural pressure that occur during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Lung inflation during the compression phase caused an increase in cardiopulmonary resuscitation blood flow when the change in pleural pressure was small and when static equilibrium pressure was high. In contrast, lung inflation caused a decrease in blood flow when changes in pleural pressure were high and when blood volume was low. These ...
Cardiac arrest is a serious complication that must be dealt with swiftly to ensure a higher revival and survival rate for the victims of the attack. Heart attack commonly occurs for older people, but sometimes, there are children and even infants that suffer from this illness. Heart attack does not choose its victims, but there are ways in which someone can help the revival of a person that is undergoing sudden cardiac arrest and that is through the administration of cardiopulmonary resuscitation.. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is the process of repeated chest compressions along with the inputting of air into a persons lungs. This seemingly simple maneuver takes a long time to master and to successfully administer, but being able to have rudimentary knowledge is good enough for the layperson. For those truly wanting to know how to perform proper and effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation, a training done under the wing of a professional CPR administrator that has the proper equipment that can ...
More than half of the spouses of cardiac patients experience emotional distress,1 and they have higher levels of distress than the patients themselves.2 Despite evidence suggesting that spouses can help with their partners recovery,3 there are few tested interventions to reduce spousal stress and improve their ability to assist in the recovery process.. Moser and Dracup hypothesised that CPR training for spouses would increase perceived control, decrease emotional distress, and therefore, improve the ability to assist in their partners recovery. Although the authors found that higher levels of control were associated with low levels of distress at baseline, they did not assess whether the increase in perceived control resulting from the CPR training had an effect on distress.. The use of a randomised controlled design is a major strength of this study. As most of the spouses were white, had incomes higher than the average, and had completed a mean of 14 years of education, the results may not ...
Callaway and Sunde1 are right when they advise caution in adoption of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) given the varying definitions of what ECPR constitutes. However, we believe ECPR is not coming too fast and furious but rather like a Formula One car, dependent on focused high performance teams, bespoke with narrow specifications and at the cutting edge.. Current survival for cardiac arrest by conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCPR) is indeed dismal at around 10%.2 ECPR has led to improved outcomes compared with CCPR in many regions.3-6 ECPR consideration is in some ways analogous to resuscitative thoracotomy (RT) in trauma. Despite moderate quality of evidence, RT is strongly recommended in pulseless penetrating torso trauma with signs of life in ED.7 … ...
LM087 - Face Shield for CPR Training, FaceShee Features Reasonable price. Those who prefer not to use their mouth on a doll directly or those who are sharing a model while training should use the face shield ...
The pH in the ROSC group was significantly higher than in the non-ROSC group (6.96 vs. 6.85; P = 0.009). pCO2 and lactate levels in the ROSC group were significantly lower than those in the non-ROSC group (74.0 vs. 89.5 mmHg, P , 0.009; 11.6 vs. 13.6 mmol/L, P = 0.044, respectively). In a multivariate regression analysis, pCO2 was the only independent biochemical predictor for sustained ROSC (OR 0.979; 95% CI 0.960-0.997; P = 0.025) and pCO2 of. pCO2 levels obtained during cardiopulmonary resuscitation on ER arrival was associated with ROSC in OHCA patients. It might be a potentially marker for reflecting the status of the ischemic insult. These preliminary results need to be confirmed in a larger population.. Full Text. Reference:. Kim, Y-J., Lee, Y.J., Ryoo, S.M., Sohn, C.H., Ahn, S., Seo, D.-W., Lim, K.S. and Kim, W.Y. (2016) Role of blood gas analysis during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients. Medicine. 95(25):e3960, June 2016.. Thank you to our partners ...
High quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is crucial for influencing survival from cardiac arrest. Healthcare professionals are expected to know how to perform CPR as they may encounter emergency situations during their work. Physiotherapists, who use exercise as a therapeutic approach, should have good knowledge and skills in CPR not only to cope with possible adverse cardiac events during exercise but also because a widespread CPR application and early defibrillation can greatly reduce mortality due to heart attack. The aim of this study is to investigate knowledge of Greek physiotherapists in European Resuscitation Council guidelines for resuscitation. A secondary aim of this study was to assess and compare the knowledge score between those with and without previous training and/or lower self-confidence in CPR skills. Three hundred and fifty Greek physiotherapists who were working in hospitals and rehabilitation centres (face-to-face and e-mail contact) were randomly selected to ...
Introduction: The 2010 guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) stressed that it is necessary to improve CPR quality. It is not known whether the neurologically intact survival rate will increase if lay rescuers and/or emergency medical service (EMS) personnel perform the CPR procedures according to the 2010 guidelines. We divided the period of each guidelines in the first half and the second half, and compared the first half and the second half.. Methods: From the data of the All-Japan Utstein Registry, a prospective, nationwide, population-based registry of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), we included adult patients who had bystander-witnessed OHCA due to cardiac etiology and in whom shockable arrest was recorded as an initial rhythm. Study patients were divided into two groups based on the different CPR guidelines; the 2005 guidelines (2005G), and 2010 guidelines (2010G). The primary endpoint, favorable neurological outcome at 30 days after OHCA, was compared between the first ...
Perkins, Gavin D., Travers, Andrew H., Berg, Robert A., Castren, Maaret, Considine, Julie, Escalante, Raffo, Gazmuri, Raul J., Koster, Rudolph W., Lim, Swee Han, Nation, Kevin J., Olasveengen, Theresa M., Sakamoto, Tetsuya, Sayre, Michael R., Sierra, Alfredo, Smyth, Michael A., Stanton, David, Vaillancourt, Christian and Basic Life Support Chapter Collaborators 2015, Part 3: adult basic life support and automated external defibrillation: 2015 international consensus on cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care science with treatment recommendations, Resuscitation, vol. 95, pp. e43-e69, doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2015.07.041. ...
Background Passive leg raising (PLR), to augment the artificial circulation, was deleted from cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines in 1992. Increases in end-tidal carbon dioxide (PETCO2) during CPR have been associated with increased pulmonary blood flow reflecting cardiac output. Measurements of PETCO2 after PLR might therefore increase our understanding of its potential value in CPR. We also observed the alteration in PETCO2 in relation to the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) and no ROSC. Methods and results The PETCO2 was measured, subsequent to intubation, in 126 patients suffering an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), during 15min or until ROSC. Forty-four patients were selected by the study protocol to PLR 35cm; 21 patients received manual chest compressions and 23 mechanical compressions. The PLR was initiated during uninterrupted CPR, 5min from the start of PETCO2 measurements. During PLR, an increase in PETCO2 was found in all 44 patients within 15s (p=0.003), 45s ...
Health services is one of the fastest growing industries. Take the Basic Life Support for Healthcare Providers course and gain the training you need. This certification course meets the requirement for Basic Life Support for Healthcare Providers as stated in the American Heart Association Guidelines on cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care.
A basic life support working group of the European Resuscitation Council was set up in 1991. It was given the objective of producing agreed standards of basic life support to ensure uniform teaching of the techniques to health care professionals and lay people throughout Europe. A common complaint in the past, particularly from members of the public who have received instruction in basic life support, is that different organisations teach different techniques. This problem exists within countries as well as among countries. The European Resuscitation Council presents below its basic life support guidelines, which it hopes will be detailed enough to avoid any ambiguities and to be acceptable for use in all the countries represented by the council. ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, also known by the acronym CPR is an emergency procedure performed in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person who is in cardiac arrest. It is a basic but proven first aid skill, practiced throughout the world. It is an effective method of keeping a victim of cardiac arrest alive long enough for definitive treatment to be delivered (usually defibrillation and intravenous cardiac drugs). Prior to the inception of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, there had been some techniques to keep people alive developed in the 18th century, both in Japan and in Europe, however it was not until the mid-20th century that James Elam and Peter Safar discovered and published the method now known as CPR. Safar conducted research on existing basic life support procedures including controlling a persons breathing airway by tilting back his or her head with an open mouth; and ...
The first treatment involves using a device called the Impedance Threshold Device (ITD). The ITD is a small hard plastic device about the size of a fist that is attached to the face mask or airway tube used during CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). The ITD provides increased blood flow back to the heart during chest compressions until the heart starts beating on its own again.. The other treatment involves the amount of CPR given before the emergency medical services (EMS) providers first look at the heart rhythm to determine if a shock is needed. A person would receive either about 30 seconds of chest compressions or about 3 minutes of compressions before checking the heart rhythm. Giving some compressions before checking the heart rhythm increases the blood being circulated to the body. Researchers do not know how many compressions before the rhythm check are necessary to save more lives.. Depending on the circumstances of the cardiac arrest a person may receive only one of these treatments ...
In January of 2019, the AHA began requiring the use of feedback devices in CPR training manikins which provide real-time, audio-visual feedback on chest compression rate, depth, and recoil ...
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a major cause of death worldwide. This systematic review aimed to assess the effects of continuous chest compression CPR (with or without rescue breathing) versus conventional CPR plus rescue breathing (interrupted chest compression with pauses for breaths) of non-asphyxial OHCA. It identified 4 randomized controlled trials. Three studies assessed CPR provided by untrained bystanders and 1 assessed CPR provided by trained professionals. When CPR was performed by bystanders, survival to hospital discharge was higher with chest compression alone than with interrupted chest compression with pauses for rescue breathing. When CPR was performed by professionals, survival to hospital discharge was slightly lower with continuous chest compressions plus asynchronous rescue breathing compared with interrupted chest compression plus rescue breathing. The number of people who survived to hospital admission was slightly higher in those treated with interrupted chest ...
Looking for online definition of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the Medical Dictionary? cardiopulmonary resuscitation explanation free. What is cardiopulmonary resuscitation? Meaning of cardiopulmonary resuscitation medical term. What does cardiopulmonary resuscitation mean?
TY - JOUR. T1 - Chest compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation performed by lay rescuers for adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to non-cardiac aetiologies. AU - Panchal, Ashish R.. AU - Bobrow, Bentley J.. AU - Spaite, Daniel W.. AU - Berg, Robert A.. AU - Stolz, Uwe. AU - Vadeboncoeur, Tyler F.. AU - Sanders, Arthur B.. AU - Kern, Karl B.. AU - Ewy, Gordon A.. N1 - Funding Information: Drs Bobrow, Ewy, and Spaite reported that the University of Arizona has received support from the Medtronic Foundation involving community-based translation of resuscitation science. Dr Bobrow reported in the past having received a grant from the American Heart Association to study ultrabrief CPR video training. No other disclosures were reported. PY - 2013/4. Y1 - 2013/4. N2 - Objective: Bystander CPR improves survival in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). For adult sudden collapse, bystander chest compression-only CPR (COCPR) is recommended in some circumstances by the American ...
Most of us will not remember when closed chest compressions, proposed by Dr. James Jude and colleagues, were a novelty, a research project that mandated further study. EMS dinosaurs will remember when CPR rates were 60 compressions per minute. Then rates increases to 80 beats per minute. And two-person ratios for CPR were 5 compressions for each ventilation given to the patient.. Sadly, over the second half of the 20th century most resuscitation efforts focused on the advanced portion of resuscitation - drugs, advanced airways and invasive procedures. Hindsight being 20/20, it is likely the resuscitation profession lost real progress by not focusing on the basics of ventilation and perfusion.. In the 1990s research began validating the effectiveness of high-quality chest compressions and prompt defibrillation. A Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium study comparing continuous chest compression and standard CPR, published this week in the New England Journal of Medicine, continues the tradition of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The impact of manual defibrillation technique on no-flow time during simulated cardiopulmonary resuscitation. AU - Perkins, Gavin D.. AU - Davies, Robin P.. AU - Soar, Jasmeet. AU - Thickett, David R.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2007/4. Y1 - 2007/4. N2 - Introduction: Rapid defibrillation is the most effective strategy for establishing return of spontaneous circulation following cardiac arrest due to ventricular fibrillation. The aim of this study is to measure the delay due to of charging the defibrillator during chest compression in an attempt to reduce the duration of the pre-shock pause in between cessation of chest compressions and shock delivery as advocated by the American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines compared to charging the defibrillator immediately following rhythm analysis without resuming chest compressions as recommended by the European Resuscitation Council (ERC). Methods: This was a randomised controlled cross ...
The initial success rate of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and its associated factors in patients with cardiac arrest within 24 hours after anesthesia for an emergency surgery Visith Siriphuwanun,1 Yodying Punjasawadwong,1 Worawut Lapisatepun,1 Somrat Charuluxananan,2 Ketchada Uerpairojkit,2 Jayanton Patumanond3 1Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; 2Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; 3Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand Purpose: To determine the initial success rate and its associated factors on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in patients with cardiac arrest within 24 hours after receiving anesthesia for an emergency surgery. Patients and methods: After the hospital ethical committee gave approval for this study, the anesthesia providers recorded all relevant data regarding CPR in patients with cardiac arrest within 24
Every 5 years the European Resuscitation Council (ERC), the Resuscitation Council (UK) and the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) review the latest research and evidence in resuscitation, and then release updated guidelines. In addition to this, for the first time in history, this year the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) have also produced guidelines for…
Backgrounds: Women are older and have a lower incidence of ventricular fibrillation/pulseless ventricular tachycardia than men when rescuers encounter a victim of sudden adult cardiac arrest. We assessed the hypothesis that the revision of American Heart Association (AHA) Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Emergency Cardiovascular Care has a major impact on sex differences of improved survival of patients (pts) with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) through a prehospital defibrillation procedure. Methods and Results:From January 1, 2005 through December 31, 2010, we conducted a prospective, population-based, observational study involving consecutive OHCA pts in whom resuscitation was attempted by emergency responders across Japan. A total of 670,313 pts were included in the present study and 118,777 pts had a cardiac arrest witnessed by bystanders. Among these pts, the AHA guidelines (G)2005 were aimed at 63,138 pts, G2000 were aimed at 17,836 pts, and the remaining ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Delayed prehospital implementation of the 2005 American heart association guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiac care. AU - Bigham, Blair L.. AU - Koprowicz, Kent. AU - Aufderheide, Tom P.. AU - Davis, Daniel P.. AU - Donn, Stuart. AU - Powell, Judy. AU - Suffoletto, Brian. AU - Nafziger, Sarah. AU - Stouffer, John. AU - Idris, Ahamed. AU - Morrison, Laurie J.. N1 - Funding Information: The ROC is supported by a series of cooperative agreements to 10 regional clinical centers and one data coordinating center (5U01, HL077863, HL077881, HL077871, HL077872, HL077866, HL077908, HL077867, HL077885, HL077887, HL077873, and HL077865) from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute in partnership with the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, U.S. Army Medical Research & Material Command, The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)-Institute of Circulatory and Respiratory Health, Defense Research and Development Canada, the American ...
Metronome guidance corrected chest compression rates for each compression cycle to within guideline recommendations, but did not affect chest compression quality or rescuer fatigue.
Resuscitation is the process of correcting physiological disorders (such as lack of breathing or heartbeat) in an acutely unwell patient. It is an important part of intensive care medicine, trauma surgery and emergency medicine. Well known examples are cardiopulmonary resuscitation and mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. Advanced life support Advanced cardiac life support Advanced trauma life support Cardiopulmonary resuscitation Emergency Preservation and Resuscitation Fluid resuscitation Hs and Ts Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation Neonatal resuscitation Pediatric advanced life ...
T-shirts, face shields, stickers, banners and folders will be distributed.. Back to top. Croatia. World Restart A Heart initiatives will take place on 19 October in major cities and the Istria region as part of an InterReg EU project with Slovenia.. Back to top. Denmark. World Restart a Heart has become an integrated part of the programme of the Danish Resuscitation Council, serving to promote CPR and the use of AEDs, increase the number of first responders and increase the number of AEDs available to the public 24/7.. Back to top. Italy. On 30 July 2019, the Italian Chamber of Deputies approved a new law on cardiac arrest and defibrillation. Of 10 proposals made by the Italian Resuscitation Council, 8 were accepted. 16 October was officially recognised as World Restart A Heart Day.. Mass trainig events are being organised in iconic locations during Viva Week/Settimana Viva from 14-20 October.. Back to top. Luxembourg. On 28 September, mass training events and awareness campaigns were organised ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Resuscitation quality assurance for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest--setting-up an ambulance defibrillator telemetry network. AU - Lyon, R M. AU - Clarke, S. AU - Gowens, P. AU - Egan, G. AU - Clegg, G R. N1 - Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.. PY - 2010. Y1 - 2010. N2 - Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a leading cause of pre-hospital mortality. Chest compressions performed during cardiopulmonary resuscitation aim to provide adequate perfusion to the vital organs during cardiac arrest. Poor resuscitation technique and the quality of pre-hospital CPR influences outcome from OHCA. Transthoracic impedance (TTI) measurement is a useful tool in the assessment of the quality of pre-hospital resuscitation by ambulance crews but TTI telemetry has not yet been performed in the United Kingdom. We describe a pilot study to implement a data network to collect defibrillator TTI data via telemetry from ambulances.. AB - Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is ...
CareLinx has 269 highly qualified Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) caregivers in Las Vegas, NV. Join us, and find the perfect Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) caregiver for your loved ones today.
Rescu, a prestigious resuscitation research group based at St. Michaels Hospital and the University of Toronto announced it has received a three-year grant from the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario (HSFO) to study the effectiveness of the PulsePoint app. The trial will evaluate the ability of the application to increase bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation rates and automated external defibrillator use on victims of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.. Approximately 45,000 Canadians suffer sudden cardiac arrest annually and one Canadian dies every 12 minutes from cardiac arrest. Only 8.4% of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survive to hospital discharge. Early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation are key links in the chain of survival. However, only 30% of all OHCA patients receive bystander CPR and only 2% have an automated defibrillator (AED) applied prior to the arrival of emergency medical services. The PulsePoint app uses the location-aware ...
Looking for online definition of return of spontaneous circulation in the Medical Dictionary? return of spontaneous circulation explanation free. What is return of spontaneous circulation? Meaning of return of spontaneous circulation medical term. What does return of spontaneous circulation mean?
Background: Sudden cardiac death is the most common lethal manifestation of heart disease and often the first and only indicator. Prompt initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) undoubtedly saves lives. Nevertheless, studies report a low level of competency of medical students in CPR, mainly due to deterioration of skills following training. objectives: To evaluate the retention of CPR skills and confidence in delivering CPR by preclinical medical students. methods: A questionnaire and the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) were used to assess confidence and CPR skills among preclinical, second and third-year medical students who had passed a first-aid course during their first year but had not retrained since. results: The study group comprised 64 students: 35 were 1 year after training and 29 were 2 years after training. The groups were demographically similar. Preparedness, recollection and confidence in delivering CPR were significantly lower in the 2 years after ...
Of the 250 000 patients who undergo major cardiac operations in the United States annually, 0.7% to 2.9% will experience a postoperative cardiac arrest. Although Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS) is the standard approach to management of cardiac arrest in the United States, it has significant limitations in these patients. The European Resuscitation Council (ERC) has endorsed a new guideline specific to resuscitation after cardiac surgery that advises important, evidence-based deviations from ACLS and is under consideration in the United States. The ACLS and ERC recommendations for resuscitation of these patients are contrasted on the basis of the essential components of care. Key to this approach is the rapid elimination of reversible causes of arrest, followed by either defibrillation or pacing (as appropriate) before external cardiac compressions that can damage the sternotomy, cautious use of epinephrine owing to potential rebound hypertension, and prompt resternotomy (within 5 minutes) ...
Assessment and emergency treatment of the critically ill patient 31. Chapter summary 43. Chapter 4 Principles of Cardiac Monitoring and ECG Recognition 47. Introduction 47. Learning outcomes 47. The conduction system of the heart 48. The ECG and its relation to cardiac contraction 49. Methods of cardiac monitoring 49. Problems encountered with cardiac monitoring 51. Systematic approach to ECG interpretation 52. Cardiac arrhythmias associated with cardiac arrest 56. Peri-arrest arrhythmias 58. Chapter summary 62. Chapter 5 Bystander Basic Life Support 64. Introduction 64. Learning outcomes 64. Potential hazards when attempting BLS 65. Initial assessment and sequence of actions in bystander BLS 66. Principles of chest compressions 70. Principles of mouth-to-mouth ventilation 73. The recovery position 77. Treatment for foreign body airway obstruction 81. Chapter summary 85. Chapter 6 Airway Management and Ventilation 88. Introduction 88. Learning outcomes 88. Causes of airway obstruction ...
The AutoPulse® Resuscitation System works wherever EMS providers need to go. At its foundation is the specially designed board. It delivers stability and maneuverability, supporting both patient and rescuer from the scene of the rescue to the hospital. Depending on the situation, the rescuer has the option of securing the AutoPulse board to a soft stretcher or a backboard.. With the soft stretcher, rescuers dont need to worry about pausing or potentially compromising CPR through tilts and turns, whether going down steep stairs, around sharp corners, or into a cramped elevator. Patients receive nonstop, high-quality compressions throughout their pre-hospital transport.. A 2015 study demonstrated how effective the AutoPulse is in improving the quality of resuscitation during extrication and ambulance transport of patients with refractory cardiac arrest.1 With regular training, the AutoPulse was applied in as little as 14 seconds, and the median time of overall interruption in CPR during patient ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Transthoracic impedance waveform during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. T2 - One size does not fit all!. AU - Ristagno, Giuseppe. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. UR - UR - U2 - 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2014.03.002. DO - 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2014.03.002. M3 - Article. C2 - 24631276. AN - SCOPUS:84898491310. VL - 85. SP - 579. EP - 580. JO - Resuscitation. JF - Resuscitation. SN - 0300-9572. IS - 5. ER - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Chest compression rates and pediatric in-hospital cardiac arrest survival outcomes. AU - the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network (CPCCRN) Investigators. AU - Sutton, Robert M.. AU - Reeder, Ron W.. AU - Landis, William. AU - Meert, Kathleen L.. AU - Yates, Andrew R.. AU - Berger, John T.. AU - Newth, Christopher J.. AU - Carcillo, Joseph A.. AU - McQuillen, Patrick S.. AU - Harrison, Rick E.. AU - Moler, Frank W.. AU - Pollack, Murray M.. AU - Carpenter, Todd C.. AU - Notterman, Daniel A.. AU - Holubkov, Richard. AU - Dean, J. Michael. AU - Nadkarni, Vinay M.. AU - Berg, Robert A.. AU - Zuppa, Athena F.. AU - Graham, Katherine. AU - Twelves, Carolann. AU - Diliberto, Mary Ann. AU - Tomanio, Elyse. AU - Kwok, Jeni. AU - Bell, Michael J.. AU - Abraham, Alan. AU - Sapru, Anil. AU - Alkhouli, Mustafa F.. AU - Heidemann, Sabrina. AU - Pawluszka, Ann. AU - Hall, Mark W.. AU - Steele, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Assisted ventilation during bystander CPR in a swine acute myocardial infarction model does not improve outcome. AU - Berg, Robert A.. AU - Kern, Karl B.. AU - Hilwig, Ronald W.. AU - Ewy, Gordon A.. PY - 1997/1/1. Y1 - 1997/1/1. N2 - Background: Mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing is a barrier to the performance of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We evaluated the need for assisted ventilation during simulated single-rescuer bystander CPR in a swine myocardial infarction model of prehospital cardiac arrest. Methods and Results: Steel cylinders were placed in the mid left anterior descending coronary arteries of 43 swine. Two minutes after ventricular fibrillation, animals were randomly assigned to 10 minutes of hand-bag-valve ventilation with 17% oxygen and 4% carbon dioxide plus chest compressions (CC+V), chest compressions only (CC), or no CPR (control group). Standard advanced life support was then provided. Animals successfully resuscitated received 1 hour of ...
Location: All classes will be held at the St. Davids School of Nursing in Round Rock at 1555 University Blvd., Round Rock, TX 78665 in the Nursing Building, room #118.. Cancellations and Refunds: Cancellations received in writing at least five (5) business days before the course start date will receive a full refund. Cancellations received within five (5) days of the course start date will receive a 50% refund of the amount paid.. Primary Contact: Dr. Chris McClanahan. ...
The Spring Grove Fire Protection District offers training in Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). Classes are offered, at the Fire Station, through the American Heart Association (AHA). We ONLY REGULARLY offer the BLS for Health Care Provider (see description below), taught by Certified Instructors. A minimum of three individuals must be signed up for us to offer the class. Manuals are sold separately at a cost of $15.00. Most public classes are held in the evening (some immediately after normal work hours). Please wear comfortable clothing as these are hands on classes.. Businesses and groups of more than three individuals, located within the Fire District, should contact Michelle Krysiak (Note: Clicking on her name will take you to her e-mail) to arrange for a private class (any of the classes we offer; please check with Michelle for the list). Registration for CPR classes is accomplished through the American Heart Association (AHA). (Note: Clicking on the AHA will get you directly to their ...
After failure of external defibrillation, return of cardiac activity with spontaneous circulation is contingent on rapid and effective reversal of myocardial ischemia. Closed-chest cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) evolved about 30 years ago and was almost universally implemented by both professional providers and lay bystanders because of its technical simplicity and noninvasiveness. However, there is growing concern since the limited hemodynamic efficacy of precordial compression accounts for a disappointingly low success rate; especially so if there is a delay of more than 3 minutes before resuscitation is started. There is also increasing concern with the lack of objective hemodynamic measurements currently available for the assessment and quantitation of the effectiveness of resuscitation efforts. Accordingly, the resuscitation procedure proceeds without confirmation that it increases systemic and myocardial blood flows to levels that would be likely to restore spontaneous circulation. Continuous
Introduction: Cardiovascular disease remains the most common cause of death in the United States and most other Western nations. Among these deaths, sudden, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest claims approximately 1000 lives each day in the United States alone. Most of these cardiac arrests are due to ventricular fibrillation. Though highly reversible with the rapid application of a defibrillator, ventricular fibrillation is otherwise fatal within minutes, even when cardiopulmonary resuscitation is provided immediately. The overall survival rate in the United States is estimated to be less than 5 percent. Recent developments in automated-external-defibrillator technology have provided a means of increasing the rate of prompt defibrillation after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. After minimal training, nonmedical personnel (e.g., flight attendants and casino workers) are also able to use defibrillators in the workplace, with lifesaving effects. Nonetheless, such programs have involved designated ...
Eventbrite - Learning Academy presents Combined Basic Life Support/Paediatric Basic Life Support - Monday, 15 January 2018 at Adams House, London, England. Find event and ticket information.
Eventbrite - Learning Academy presents Combined Basic Life Support/Paediatric Basic Life Support - Saturday, 30 September 2017 at Adams House, London, England. Find event and ticket information.
The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation uses the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group method to evaluate the quality of evidence and the strength of treatment recommendations. This method requires guideline developers to use a numerical rating of the importance of each specified outcome. There are currently no uniform reporting guidelines or outcome measures for neonatal resuscitation science. We describe consensus outcome ratings from a survey of 64 neonatal resuscitation guideline developers representing seven international resuscitation councils. Among 25 specified outcomes, 10 were considered critical for decision-making. The five most critically rated outcomes were death, moderate-severe neurodevelopmental impairment, blindness, cerebral palsy and deafness. These data inform outcome rankings for systematic reviews of neonatal resuscitation science and international guideline development using the GRADE methodology. ...
Abella BS, Rhee JW, Huang KN, Vanden Hoek TL, Becker LB. Induced hypothermia is underused after resuscitation from cardiac arrest: a current practice survey. Resuscitation. 2005; 64:181-186.. Bernard SA, Gray TW, Buist MD, Jones BM, Silvester W, Gutteridge G, et al. Treatment of comatose survivors of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with induced hypothermia. N Engl J Med. 2002;346:557-563.. Brain Resuscitation Clinical Trial I Study Group. A randomized clinical study of cardiopulmonary-cerebral resuscitation: design, methods, and patient characteristics. Am J Emerg Med. 1986;4:72-86.. Cummins RO, Chamberlain DA, Abramson NS, Allen M, Baskett PJ, Becker L, et al. Recommended guidelines for uniform reporting of data from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: the Utstein Style. A statement for health professionals from a task force of the American Heart Association, the European Resuscitation Council, the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada, and the Australian Resuscitation Council. Circulation. ...
Purpose: The PALS Full Provider Course Program is designed to provide healthcare professionals the essential knowledge and skills for a successful resuscitation of an adult patient by performing BLS and ACLS based on the AHA 2005 guidelines.
OBJECTIVE: LUCAS is a new device for mechanical compression and decompression of the chest during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of this new device with standard manual external chest compressions using cerebral cortical blood flow, cerebral oxygen extraction, and end-tidal CO2 for indirect measurement of cardiac output. Drug therapy, with adrenaline (epinephrine) was eliminated in order to evaluate the effects of chest compressions alone. METHODS: Ventricular fibrillation (VF) was induced in 14 anaesthetized pigs. After 8 min non-intervention interval, the animals were randomized into two groups. One group received external chest compressions using a new mechanical device, LUCAS. The other group received standard manual external chest compressions. The compression rate was 100 min(-1) and mechanical ventilation was resumed with 100% oxygen during CPR in both groups. No adrenaline was given. After 15 min of CPR, external defibrillatory ...
Impact of the callers emotional state and cooperation on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest recognition and dispatcher-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation ...
Name, surname: Ayten Saracoglu. Birth date and place: 05.10.1979, Istanbul. Education:. Foreign language: English and German. 1984-1989: Resneli Niyazi Bey Primary School, Istanbul. 1989-1995: Sisli High School, Istanbul. 1995-2001: Gazi University Medical School, Ankara. 2003-2008: Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Marmara University Medical School, resident. Certificates:. 2010: Board Certificate of Turkish Society of Anesthesiology and Reanimation. 2012: European Resuscitation Council Pediatric Advanced Life SupportCertificate. 2013: European Resuscitation Council Adult Advanced Life SupportCertificate. 2013: European Society of Airway Management Airway Teacher Diploma. 2014: Success in European Diploma of Anesthesiology and Reanimation Part I examination. 2015: Success in European Diploma of Anesthesiology and Reanimation Part II examination. Thesis consulting:. Comparison of different dose and concentration of bupivacaine-lidocaine in infraclavicular brachial plexus block. 2014 ...
The ZOLL AutoPulse is a great addition to the existing ZOLL defibrillator product lines. It comes in handy when the patient has to be transported away from remote (disaster) areas like mountains or other places far away from the hospitals. The AutoPulse is made for the Resuscitation on the Move.. Designed for movements and relocating of the patient. The soft stretcher is made for optimal transportation of the patient and rescuers dont need to worry about pausing or potentially compromising CPR through tilts and turns. Even going down on on stairs, going around corners or going inside an elevator. Your patients will get nonstop, high-quality compressions throughout the transport towards the hospital.. Super High-quality CPR The AutoPulse® system automatically performs very high-quality CPR without interruption for victims of sudden cardiac arrest. AutoPulse is easy to use and battery operated, the ZOLL AutoPulse presses the entire chest of the patient together in order to improve the blood flow ...
The Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC), consisting of 9 Regional Clinical Centers and a Data and Coordinating Center, is conducting multiple collaborative...
Provide Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. First Aid Action are very flexible in the delivery of all courses. All first aid and CPR training courses can be conducted on your premises for your convenience or an outside venue can be arranged.
Provide Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. First Aid Action are very flexible in the delivery of all courses. All first aid and CPR training courses can be conducted on your premises for your convenience or an outside venue can be arranged.
Frequently Asked Questions About the Emergency First Aid, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), and the Use of Automated External Defibrillators (AED) Requirement for Licensure and Renewal - This document answers questions about House Bill 2028 and Senate...
Despite empirical evidence that cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is of questionable effectiveness in elders with comorbidities, it continues to hold a unique place in the armamentarium of life-sustaining treatments in that consent for CPR is implied and, when needed, is administered emergently. These conditions of implied consent and emergency implementation often preclude an opportunity for patients/surrogates, in conjunction with their nurses and physicians, to determine the appropriateness of the intervention, given the patients medical and functional status. Healthcare providers who perform CPR on elderly patients often find themselves in morally distressing circumstances because of their anecdotal knowledge of poor outcomes and realization that a multitude of barriers has precluded an anticipatory discussion regarding appropriateness of the treatment. Nurses and other healthcare providers must take the lead in helping patients/surrogates appreciate the meaning of CPR as a ...
Memorial Healthcare Continuing Medical Education, Extracorporeal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (ECPR), 1/1/2020 8:00:00 AM - 1/1/2020 11:00:00 AM, Overview of ECPR with hands on training practice donning sterile gown/gloves, preparing the operative field, patient management, and cannulation set up.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Central IV lines. TEG Sampling. Point of Care Analysis. Anaesthetic Technicians work as a member ... Anesthetic Technicians' also provide a key role in the emergency resuscitation of patients. Anesthetic technicians prepare ...
ISBN 978-0-323-46342-3.CS1 maint: location (link) Tibballs, James (2019). "Paediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation". Oh's ... a common and life-threatening problem during cardiopulmonary resuscitation". Critical Care Medicine. 32(9 Suppl): S345-351 - ... Ward, Kevin R.; Kurz, Michael C.; Neumar, Robert W. (2014). "Chapter 9: Adult Resuscitation". In Marx, John A.; Hockberger, ... or femoral artery to ensure this is purely respiratory arrest and not cardiopulmonary arrest. Checking a pulse after ...
Sayre, Michael (2005). Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (PDF). Humana Press, Springer. pp. 111-121. ISBN 978-1-58829-283-4. "The ... International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC) Science With Treatment ... Resuscitation. 44 (2): 105-8. doi:10.1016/S0300-9572(00)00161-1. PMID 10767497. "The American Red Cross 2005 Guidelines for ...
BLS cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Automated external defibrillation using the AED. Application of up to 100% oxygen therapy ...
"Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation" (PDF). Centre for Excellence in Teaching and Learning. Morley, J and Sprenger C (2012), First ... The protocol was originally developed as a memory aid for rescuers performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and the most ... For this reason, lay rescuers proceed directly to cardiopulmonary resuscitation, starting with chest compressions, which is ... November 2010). "Part 1: executive summary: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and ...
ISBN 978-0-912912-11-0. Dubin, Dale (1972). Understanding Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation. C.P.R. Inc. Nossiter, Adam (1986). " ... Exploring the Heart's Ionic-Molecular Microcosm and Understanding Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation. In 1986, Dubin, age 46, was ...
Dubin, Dale (1972). Understanding Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation. C.P.R. Inc. Massad, Caroline (December 5, 2001). "Read the ... Exploring the Heart's Ionic-Molecular Microcosm and Understanding Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation. The large yellow book was ...
Steinman, AM (1986). "Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Hypothermia". Circulation. 74 (6 pt. 2): 32-35. PMID 3536162. Steinman ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). *Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. *Basic life support (BLS). *Advanced cardiac life support ( ... A Birmingham gauge of 14 is a very large cannula (used in resuscitation settings) and 24-26 is the smallest. The most common ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). *Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. *Basic life support (BLS). *Advanced cardiac life support ( ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). *Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. *Basic life support (BLS). *Advanced cardiac life support ( ... "Trauma: Emergency Resuscitation, Perioperative Anesthesia, Surgical Management. 1. New York: CRC Press. p. 18. ISBN 978- ... A Level III trauma center does not have the full availability of specialists but has resources for emergency resuscitation, ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). *Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. *Basic life support (BLS). *Advanced cardiac life support ( ... They will cause some dose dependent cardiopulmonary suppression.[6] They have addictive properties and have led to the opioid ... It causes profound amnesia but allows spontaneous respiration, cardiopulmonary stability, and airway reflexes are still intact ... a practitioner must be able to recognize the level of sedation and understand the increasing cardiopulmonary risk that is ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). *Care of the Critically Ill Surgical Patient (CCrISP). *First aid ... A Birmingham gauge of 14 is a very large cannula (used in resuscitation settings) and 24-26 is the smallest. The most common ...
2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care". Circulation. ... 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care". ... Atropine was previously included in international resuscitation guidelines for use in cardiac arrest associated with asystole ...
... such as performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) while awaiting an ambulance, as well as the complete treatment of minor ... physician William Hawes began publicizing the power of artificial respiration as means of resuscitation of those who appeared ... Resuscitation, Volume 41, Issue 1, June 1999, Pages 3-18, ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). *Care of the Critically Ill Surgical Patient (CCrISP). *First aid ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). *Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. *Basic life support (BLS). *Advanced cardiac life support ( ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). *Care of the Critically Ill Surgical Patient (CCrISP). *First aid ... "Original data supporting the 'Golden Hour' concept produced from French World War I data," Trauma Resuscitation at, ...
Early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). *Early defibrillation. *Early advanced life support (ALS). Clinical response[edit]. ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). *Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation. *Basic life support (BLS). *Advanced cardiac life support ( ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). References[edit]. *^ Marino, Paul L. (2014). Marino's the ICU book (Fourth edition. ed.). ... 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care". Circulation. ... and is the most effective resuscitation measure for cardiac arrest associated with ventricular fibrillation and pulseless ...
See main article: cardiopulmonary resuscitation. If the casualty has injuries the rescuers will need to provide first aid and ... If the casualty is not breathing, an urgent ascent directly to the surface is needed so that resuscitation can take place there ... their possible consequences and the common ways to manage the associated risk Resuscitation - Emergency correction of acute ...
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Fractured ribs and sternum may be a complication of cardiopulmonary resuscitation attempts. Sepsis (infection of the blood) may ... Kottachchi, Dan T.; Dong, Jihao; Reid, Susan (February 2009). "A rare complication of cardiopulmonary resuscitation". Canadian ...
... start cardiopulmonary resuscitation. if you are alone, call for help after a minute of any CPR; if help has already been called ... the European Resuscitation Council publishes updated guidelines about all stages of resuscitation, both for medical staff and ... if there are not, feel the pulse and if there are no signs of circulation begins resuscitation. If air doesn't pass, consider a ... If, after 15 ventilations (thirty seconds) the heart rate remains below 60 per minute is necessary to begin resuscitation, ...
Raehl CL (July 1986). "Endotracheal drug therapy in cardiopulmonary resuscitation". Clinical Pharmacy. 5 (7): 572-9. PMID ... A Birmingham gauge of 14 is a very large cannula (used in resuscitation settings) and 24-26 is the smallest. The most common ...
"Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR): Practice Essentials, Preparation, Technique". 2016-11-03. Archived from the original on ... Defibrillation is often an important step in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). CPR is an algorithm-based intervention aimed ... Werman, Howard A.; Karren, K; Mistovich, Joseph (2014). "Automated External Defibrillation and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation". ... Advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) Automated external defibrillator Ambulance Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) ...
... wishes for or against cardiopulmonary resuscitation; and when to use hospice care. Palliative care team members can help answer ...
"Vasopressin during cardiopulmonary resuscitation: a progress report". Critical Care Medicine. 32 (9 Suppl): S432-5. doi:10.1097 ... "Stress hormone response during and after cardiopulmonary resuscitation". Anesthesiology. 77 (4): 662-8. doi:10.1097/00000542- ...
2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care". Circulation. ...
... and an individual suffering from it will not survive unless cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation are provided ...
A person can be pronounced dead on arrival if cardiopulmonary resuscitation or mouth to mouth resuscitation is found to be ... When presented with a patient, medical professionals are required to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) unless ... but once cardiopulmonary resuscitation is initiated, it must be continued until a physician can pronounce the patient dead. ... resuscitation should not be attempted. If there is even the slightest hope that the infant is viable, CPR should be initiated; ...
Severe ventilatory compromise due to gastric insufflation during pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Resuscitation 1998: ... European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2010. Section 4. Adult advanced life support. Resuscitation 2010 : ... a b Dörges V, Sauer C, Ocker H, Wenzel V, Schmucker P. Smaller tidal volumes during cardiopulmonary resuscitation: comparison ... Hyperventilation-induced hypotension during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Circulation 2004: 109:1960-1965. *^ Lee HM, Cho KH, ...
"2005 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Part 10.6: ... Soar, Perkins, et al (2010) European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2010 Section 8. Cardiac arrest in ... doi:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2014.03.008. PMID 24642404. *↑ ECC Committee, Subcommittees and Task Forces of the American Heart ... Resuscitation. Oct. pp.1400-1433 *↑ Fisher, Brown, Cooke (Eds) (2006) Joint Royal Colleges Ambulance Liaison Committee. UK ...
... will contain a suitable infection barrier for performing artificial respiration as part of cardiopulmonary resuscitation, ... include bottled oxygen for resuscitation and therapy. ...
2005 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Part 7.1: ...
... wishes for or against cardiopulmonary resuscitation; and when to use hospice care.[100] Palliative care team members can help ...
2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care". Circulation. ... Soar, Perkins, et al (2010) European Resuscitation Council Guidelines for Resuscitation 2010 Section 8. Cardiac arrest in ... "2005 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Part 10.6: ... doi:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2014.03.008. PMID 24642404.. *^ Mark S, Link; Lauren C, Berkow; Peter J, Kudenchuk (2015). "Part 7 ...
2015 American Heart Association guidelines update for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and emergency cardiovascular care". ... Crystalloid solution is recommended as the fluid of choice for resuscitation.[6] Albumin can be used if a large amount of ... Within six hours, if blood pressure remains low despite initial fluid resuscitation of 30 ml/kg, or if initial lactate is ≥ ... It should be suspected in those poorly responding to resuscitation with fluids and vasopressors. Neither ACTH stimulation ...
It is for this reason that sodium bicarbonate is used in medically supervised cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Infusion of ...
en:Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation (4). *en:MRI sequence (2). *en:Multiple drug resistance (14) → 다제내성 ... en:Cardiopulmonary bypass (26). *en:Caregiver (15). *en:Cataract surgery (13). *en:Cause of death (16) ...
... and whose job is to provide early critical care such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or using an automated external ... "Resuscitation Council UK. Archived from the original on 29 May 2007. Retrieved 2 June 2007.. ...
Pressure cycling also meant that cardiopulmonary resuscitation was impossible to perform if a patient's respiration was being ... These two new time/volume resuscitators meet the latest requirements for resuscitation and are lighter and smaller[5] than most ... The ambu-bag was a further advancement in resuscitation. Introduced in the 1960s by the Danish company Ambu, this device ... All resuscitation devices should be able to deliver ,85% oxygen when a gas source is available. ...
"Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine. 20: 54. doi:10.1186/1757-7241-20-54. PMC 3518173 . PMID ... Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is mechanically applied prolonged cardiopulmonary support. There are two types of ... Some cases of ARDS are linked to large volumes of fluid used during post-trauma resuscitation.[7] ... affecting both lungs and unrelated to increased cardiopulmonary vascular pressure (such as in heart failure) may be suggestive ...
Cardiopulmonary criteria for death are met when a physician determines that efforts to restart a stopped heart during cardiac ... If a clinically dead person has suffered injuries so severe that resuscitation is obviously impossible, then in some ... Two categories of legal death are death determined by irreversible cessation of heartbeat and breathing (cardiopulmonary death ... Unlike cardiopulmonary death which sometimes involves a decision not to resuscitate the heart, brain death is a determination ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a particularly well-known heroic measure; vigorous chest compressions often result in ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. *Emergency bleeding control. Equipment. *Automated external defibrillator. *Bag valve mask ...
... cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation is recommended.[5] Biphasic defibrillation may be better than monophasic ... 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care". Circulation. ... 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care". ...
Fractured ribs and sternum may be a complication of cardiopulmonary resuscitation attempts in people suffering severe ...
Early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). *Early defibrillation. *Early advanced life support (ALS). Clinical responseEdit. ...
Part 12: Pediatric Advanced Life Support: 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation ... 52,0 52,1 52,2 «Colloids versus crystalloids for fluid resuscitation in critically ill people»։ The Cochrane Database of ... Crystalloid is recommended as the fluid of choice for resuscitation.[6] Albumin can be used if large amount of crystalloid is ... Fluid resuscitation with hydroxyethyl starches in patients with sepsis is associated with an increased incidence of acute ...
ALS is a treatment consensus for cardiopulmonary resuscitation in cardiac arrest and related medical problems, as agreed in ... "2005 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care - Part 7.2: ... Resuscitation Council UK adult ALS algorithm 2005 Archived October 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. ... and omitting trauma from the T's as this is redundant with hypovolaemia-this simplification aids recall during resuscitation. ...
"Skeletal chest injuries secondary to cardiopulmonary resuscitation". Resuscitation. 63 (3): 327-38. doi:10.1016/j.resuscitation ... July 2013). "Cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality: [corrected] improving cardiac resuscitation outcomes both inside and ... "Bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. The Cerebral Resuscitation Study Group". ... "Chest injuries after active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ACD-CPR) in cadavers". Resuscitation. 43 ( ...
"New" cardiopulmonary resuscitation Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1981; 282 :1318 ... "New" cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1981; 282 doi: ( ...
All about Cardiopulmonary resuscitation by American Red Cross. LibraryThing is a cataloging and social networking site for ... Cardiopulmonary resuscitation. by American Red Cross. Series: Clinical Symposia by Ciba-Geigy (26.5). ... 0269 (1) cardiopulmonary resuscitaton (1) emergency care (1) first aid (4) health (4) heart (1) illustrated (1) journal (1) ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation definition, emergency procedure for reviving heart and lung function, involving special physical ... cardiopulmonary resuscitation in Medicine Expand. cardiopulmonary resuscitation n. Abbr. CPR Restoration of cardiac output and ... cardiopulmonary resuscitation in Culture Expand. cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) [(kahr-dee-oh- pool-muh-nair-ee ri-sus-i- ... cardiopulmonary resuscitation. noun 1. an emergency measure to revive a patient whose heart has stopped beating, in which ...
Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) offered free of charge to the public. This class is not for... ... Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). August 21, 2020 Concord Parks and Recreation 147 Academy Ave PO Box 308 Concord, NC 28026 ... Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) offered free of charge to the public. This class is not for certification, but is a class ...
The Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Division administers Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Education Programs to provide CPR ...
Ventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in children: a survey on clinical practice.. González R, Pascual L, Sava A, ... Effect of one-lung ventilation on end-tidal carbon dioxide during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a pig model of cardiac ... Development of a decision aid for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and invasive mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit ... face-mask ventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation - a multicenter prospective randomized trial.. Fiala A, Lederer W, ...
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation or CPR is an emergency procedure, with the aim of restarting heart and breathing when these have ... 1). How ready do you feel to answer questions on Do Not Attempt CardioPulmonaryResuscitation(Dnacpr) planning decisions from ... with palliative and terminal illness and their healthcare professionals about Do Not Attempt Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation ( ... and dialogue between patients and their healthcare professionals about Do Not Attempt Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR) ...
Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (commonly known as ECPR) is a method of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) that ... Similar to the concept of elective cardiopulmonary bypass, used in open heart surgery, oxygenation and perfusion can be ...
Improving Neonatal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation HemodynamicsAre Sustained Inflations During Compressions the Answer? Myra H. ... Performance Goals for Dispatcher-Assisted Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Joseph P. Ornato. Circulation. 2013;128:1490-1491, ... Dispatcher-Assisted Cardiopulmonary ResuscitationClinical PerspectiveTime to Identify Cardiac Arrest and Deliver Chest ... Letter by Xue et al Regarding Article, "Duration of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Illness Category Impact Survival and ...
Objective To describe high level of awareness in a patient undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation for an asystolic cardiac ... Early prognostic indices after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), cerebral resuscitation study group. Resuscitation. 1989;17( ... A comparison of active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation with standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation for ... Decision making in continuing or cease cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), cerebral resuscitation study group. Resuscitation. ...
Predictors of survival following in-hospital adult cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Peter G. Brindley, Darren M. Markland, Irvin ... Predictors of survival following in-hospital adult cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Peter G. Brindley, Darren M. Markland, Irvin ... Predictors of survival following in-hospital adult cardiopulmonary resuscitation Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a ... Predictors of survival following in-hospital adult cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Peter G. Brindley, Darren M. Markland, Irvin ...
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Resuscitation Not Attempted by EMS Personnel. EMS personnel may not attempt resuscitation when a do-not-attempt-resuscitation ( ... a report of 14720 cardiac arrests from the National Registry of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. Resuscitation. 2003; 58: 297-308 ... Cardiac Arrest and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Outcome Reports. Ian Jacobs, Vinay Nadkarni, the ILCOR Task Force on Cardiac ... Cardiac Arrest and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Outcome Reports. Ian Jacobs, Vinay Nadkarni, the ILCOR Task Force on Cardiac ...
This Program is designed to teach people how to perform CPR on people who are old enough to dive for dive accident management. What do you need to enr...
Learn about cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) from experts at Cleveland Clinic. Discover how to do hands-only CPR (chest ... What is cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)?. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a way to save the life of someone who is ... Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can save the life of someone who is in cardiac arrest. ...
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, commonly known as CPR, is a life-saving measure that is performed to restore breathing and ...
Excellent Outcome of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Performed in PICUs-Can We All Get There?*. Bar-Joseph, Gad MD ... Home , March 2014 - Volume 15 - Issue 3 , Excellent Outcome of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Performed... ... Excellent Outcome of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Performed in PICUs-Can We All Get There?* ... cardiac arrest, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, children, neonatal intensive care unit, pediatric, pediatric intensive care unit ...
First aid for CPR gives information about steps to be taken during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. ... A quick and simple first Aid guide on how to administer treatment for Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). ...
A comparison of active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation with standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation for ... High impact information on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. *High-dose epinephrine in cardiopulmonary resuscitation [11]. ... Gene context of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. *Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation ... Gene context of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. *Coagulopathy after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation following cardiac ...
Neonatal Resuscitation: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency ... neonatal resuscitation: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency ... Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the delivery room: associated clinical events. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1995;149:20-25. ... Cardiopulmonary resuscitation of apparently stillborn infants: survival and long-term outcome. J Pediatr. 1991;118:778-782. ...
Predictive indices of successful cardiac resuscitation after prolonged arrest and experimental cardiopulmonary resuscitation.. ... and artificial cardiopulmonary support, 14 dogs were studied during 30 minutes of VF using two randomly assigned closed-chest ...
CPR (Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation) CPR classes are held the third Saturday of each month from 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. at ...
... calcification in pediatric patients after temporary generalized hypoxia and initially successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation ... calcification in pediatric patients after temporary generalized hypoxia and initially successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation ...
Veterinary Data Synthesis - Multiple controlled studies using pigs with ventricular fibrillation induced cardiopulmonary arrest ... resuscitation and the Veterinary Information Network search function using the keywords impedance threshold device. Human ... thereby increasing the likelihood of a successful resuscitation. ... of impedance threshold devices during cardiopulmonary cerebral ... studies have been carried out in people during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and ventricular fibrillation cardiopulmonary ...
2020 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. Alexis A. ... 2020 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care ... 2020 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care ... 2020 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care ...
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Training Program Based on Quality Control. *Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. *Device: ... Lung Ventilation During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. *Ventilation During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation. *Other: ... Esophageal pressures during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. *Lung compliance before and at the end of cardiopulmonary ... Pre-Hospital Cerebral Oxygenation and End-Tidal CO2 During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). *out-of Hospital Cardiac Arrest ...
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR) is the key to success for high-quality early cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and its success ... Cardiopulmonary Arrest Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Return of Spontaneous Circulation Pulse Oximeter Plethysmographic Waveform ... Plethysmographic Waveform for Monitoring the Quality of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (PWMQC). The safety and scientific ... cardiopulmonary arrest, without do-not-resuscitation(DNR) patients. *After cardiac arrest, there is no more than 10 minutes ...
  • Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) offered free of charge to the public. (
  • Here, Dr Jim Crawfurd, an A & E Consultant with more than 15 years' experience, answers some of the key questions around Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), a procedure used to attempt to re-start a patient's heart when it stops beating. (
  • A Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation Pin is beautifully carved and is gold plated to enhance it's look. (
  • Road traffic accident victims, as well as persons experiencing cardiac and other medical emergencies, might lose their lives due to the non-availability of trained personnel to provide effective cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with functional equipment and adequate resources. (
  • With resuscitation model explains external compression and moves onto cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, firstly with one rescuer and then two rescuers. (
  • Editorial: Neonatal and Pediatric Cerebro-Cardio-Pulmonary Resuscitation (CCPR): Where Do We Stand and Where Are We Heading? (
  • My article sparkled a renewed interest in neonatal and pediatric cerebro-cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CCPR). (
  • Northern Territory PHN invites health professionals to attend the upcoming Provide Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Course presented by St John Ambulance. (
  • HLTAID001 Provide Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation will be conducted in the morning session. (
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation ( CPR ) is an emergency procedure that combines chest compressions often with artificial ventilation in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person who is in cardiac arrest . (
  • The legislature finds that more than three hundred sixty thousand people in the United States experience cardiac arrest outside of a hospital every year, and only ten percent survive because the remainder do not receive timely cardiopulmonary resuscitation. (
  • When administered immediately, cardiopulmonary resuscitation doubles or triples survival rates from cardiac arrest. (
  • Effect of one-lung ventilation on end-tidal carbon dioxide during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a pig model of cardiac arrest. (
  • Early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and early defibrillation are the key interventions for survival after cardiac arrest [ 2 ]. (
  • These observations 3,4 support the occurrence of myocardial damage in cardiac arrest survivors that can be caused by either resuscitation maneuvers or profound myocardial ischemia during the cardiocirculatory event. (
  • Resuscitation from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: implications for cardiac enzyme estimation. (
  • The influence of cardiopulmonary resuscitation without defibrillation on serum levels of cardiac enzymes: a time course study of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors. (
  • Duration of Resuscitation Efforts and Functional Outcome After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Clinical Perspective When Should We Change to Novel Therapies? (
  • To describe high level of awareness in a patient undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation for an asystolic cardiac arrest and review the literature regarding this phenomenon. (
  • The Institute of Medicine and the American Heart Association have issued a "call to action" to expand the performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in response to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. (
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can save the life of someone who is in cardiac arrest. (
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a way to save the life of someone who is in cardiac arrest. (
  • Effects of propofol, an intravenous anesthetic agent that exerts potent antioxidant properties, were investigated in an experimental model of cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. (
  • Purpose of review Despite decades of advances in prehospital and in-hospital medical care, patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest continue to have poor neurologic and cardiac function following otherwise successful resuscitation. (
  • Veterinary Data Synthesis - Multiple controlled studies using pigs with ventricular fibrillation induced cardiopulmonary arrest have demonstrated increased myocardial and cerebral perfusion with the use of an ITD. (
  • However, the majority of these studies have been carried out in people during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and ventricular fibrillation cardiopulmonary arrest pig models. (
  • Sackner added: "As described in the patent, the motion platform technology can be employed as a stand alone cardiopulmonary resuscitation device or in conjunction with standard techniques to 'condition' the heart, brain and other organs against the damaging effects of diminished blood flow during cardiac arrest. (
  • The management of maternal cardiopulmonary arrest is explored in this chapter. (
  • Main outcome measures included respondents' answers to questions regarding outcome of resuscitation, and current practice regarding initiation, continuation, and termination of resuscitation for victims of cardiopulmonary arrest. (
  • Most EPs attempt to resuscitate patients in cardiopulmonary arrest, regardless of futility, except in cases where a legal advance directive is available. (
  • We therefore compared the effects of verapamil (0.05 mg/kg) and diltiazem (0.075 mg/kg) with those of saline placebo in an established porcine model of cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. (
  • 4. Accordingly, neither verapamil nor diltiazem selectively altered coronary perfusion pressure, attenuated intramyocardial acidosis or improved resuscitability after porcine cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. (
  • He proposed use of the device for patients in cardiopulmonary arrest caused by drowning or intoxication. (
  • Clinical antecedents to in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest. (
  • Key Words: Cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA), Basic Life Support(BLS),Medical Emergency (ME) Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). (
  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been used in cases of pediatric cardiac arrest when traditional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) fails [ 2 , 17 , 20 ]. (
  • Nakamura Y, Kuwabara M, Mitani H, Ono M, Ishiwata S (2017) Successful Resuscitation from Cardiopulmonary Arrest: 5-FU Cardiotoxicity. (
  • A 61-year-old man with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy suffered a cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA). (
  • There are some reports regarding the association of 5-FU with vasospasm, but cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) caused by 5-FU induced vasospasm is rare. (
  • Gradually, the patient lost consciousness and went into a cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA). (
  • To determine the initial success rate and its associated factors on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in patients with cardiac arrest within 24 hours after receiving anesthesia for an emergency surgery. (
  • With effective bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) immediately after arrest, chances of survival can be doubled or even tripled. (
  • Trauma and medical emergencies are on the increase, and nurses should have cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) knowledge and skills in order to be able to implement effective interventions in cardiac arrest situations. (
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a critical component of basic life support (BLS) as the first-line response to cardiac arrest before defibrillation and advanced life support become available. (
  • Induced hypothermia has, consequently, not achieved widespread use, despite an advisory statement from the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation to cool comatose survivors of cardiac arrest. (
  • This book describes all aspects of the management of cardiopulmonary arrest in both adults and children. (
  • Armed with Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, one would have little excuse for not being able to run a calm and well-organised cardiac arrest. (
  • Of 221 dialysis patients experiencing cardiopulmonary arrest, 74 (34%) had CPR compared with 247 (21%) of 1,201 control patients (P = 0.0002). (
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation should begin between one to four minutes after a cardiac arrest in order to be a success. (
  • C) Successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation should be begun from one to four minutes after a cardiac arrest occurs. (
  • D) If it is to be successful, a cardiac arrest should be treated with cardiopulmonary resuscitation one to four minutes afterward. (
  • A variety of alternatives and adjuncts to conventional CPR have been developed, with the aim of enhancing perfusion during resuscitation from cardiac arrest. (
  • There is insufficient evidence to recommend percussion pacing during typical attempted resuscitation from cardiac arrest. (
  • the rare exception is profound hypothermia caused by cold water immersion, when successful resuscitation may be accomplished even after prolonged arrest (up to 60 minutes). (
  • Improving Neonatal Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Hemodynamics Are Sustained Inflations During Compressions the Answer? (
  • 2005 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and emergency cardiovascular care (ECC) of pediatric and neonatal patients: pediatric basic life support. (
  • Anticipation, adequate preparation, accurate evaluation, and prompt initiation of support are critical for successful neonatal resuscitation. (
  • Neonatal resuscitation is discussed elsewhere. (
  • See also Neonatal Resuscitation and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Infants and Children . (
  • The topic received a robust response from across the world and we received original research articles and review articles from neonatal and pediatric resuscitation experts. (
  • Using a neonatal resuscitation simulator, Solveg and co-authors investigated volume-controlled delivery room ventilation ( 5 ). (
  • Need for sedation in a patient undergoing active compression-decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation. (
  • Lerman mentioned in 1994 Eisenmenger's Biomotor as a precursor of Active Compression-Decompression Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (ACD-CPR). (
  • The course content is based on the policies and standards of the Australian Resuscitation Council. (
  • It is recommended by the Australian Resuscitation Council that you update your CPR skills every 12 months. (
  • Based on the method taught by the Australian resuscitation council. (
  • This event will provide up to date skills and knowledge required to provide CPR in line with the Australian Resuscitation Council (ARC) Guidelines. (
  • To maintain current competence St John Ambulance recommends, in line with the Australian Resuscitation Council, that CPR skills and knowledge are reviewed every 12 months. (
  • HLTAID001 - This unit describes the skills and knowledge required to perform Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in line with the Australian Resuscitation Council (ARC) Guidelines. (
  • In line with Australian Resuscitation Council guidelines, RAPAD Skilling recommends that first aid skills are renewed at least every three years and CPR skills every 12 months. (
  • In discussions about cardiopulmonary resuscitation with dialysis patients, nephrologists should provide this information. (
  • Outcome of OHCA and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is very poor: Less than 1/3 of the victims regain spontaneous circulation (ROSC), 40-60% of those achieving ROSC suffer significant neurological disability due to brain hypoxia and only 1.7-6.4% are discharged from the hospital. (
  • Long-term functional outcome of inpatient pediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation. (
  • There is limited information published regarding the long-term outcome of pediatric survivors of inpatient cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). (
  • Excellent Outcome of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Performed. (
  • Excellent Outcome of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Performed in PICUs-Can We All Get There? (
  • The portrayal of CPR on TV tends to make it look less unpleasant and shorter than it is in real life - CPR attempts can go on for 30 minutes or more, with the chances of a successful outcome declining as the resuscitation attempt gets longer. (
  • The aim of this project is to improve communication and dialogue between patients with palliative and terminal illness and their healthcare professionals about Do Not Attempt Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR) decisions. (
  • Guidance on decision making and communications policy in relation to the NHSScotland Do Not Attempt Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (DNACPR) policy. (
  • [2] The rescuer may also provide artificial ventilation by either exhaling air into the subject's mouth or nose ( mouth-to-mouth resuscitation ) or using a device that pushes air into the subject's lungs ( mechanical ventilation ). (
  • Development of a decision aid for cardiopulmonary resuscitation and invasive mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit employing user-centered design and a wiki platform for rapid prototyping. (
  • Emergency percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation in a hypoxic cardiopulmonary resuscitation setting: a life-saving rescue technique. (
  • EMT-led laryngeal tube vs. face-mask ventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation - a multicenter prospective randomized trial. (
  • Ventilation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in children: a survey on clinical practice. (
  • Mechanical Ventilation During Resuscitation: How Manual Chest Compressions Affect a Ventilator's Function. (
  • We reviewed the medical records of children (i.e., less than 18 years of age) receiving advanced CPR (i.e., chest compressions, assisted ventilation, and resuscitation medications) as inpatients in a tertiary care children's hospital. (
  • This person must be capable of initiating resuscitation, including administration of positive-pressure ventilation and chest compressions. (
  • Besides training in basic techniques of resuscitation, such as mouth to mouth ventilation combined with cardiac compression, other procedures can also be useful. (
  • While studying an optimum technique and technology to deliver safe ventilation in the delivery room, Solveg and co-authors also raise an equally important question on optimal chest compression (CC) rate and compression to ventilation (C:V) ratio during delivery room resuscitation ( 5 , 6 ). (
  • Data Sources - Data sources include scientific reviews and original research publications using the PubMed search engine with the following keywords: 'impedance threshold device' and 'resuscitation' and the Veterinary Information Network search function using the keywords 'impedance threshold device. (
  • CPR uses heart massage and mouth-to-mouth resuscitation to get the heart or lungs working again. (
  • Audit of paediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation. (
  • Nolan JP, Deakin CD, Soar J, B¨ottiger BW, Smith G. European resuscitation council guidelines for resuscitation 2005 section 4. (
  • 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. (
  • The following guidelines are an interpretation of the evidence presented in the 2010 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations 1 ). (
  • 1 The 2010 Guidelines from the European Resuscitation Council and the American Heart Association (AHA) emphasised the same message: CPR quality is crucial to patient survival. (
  • Part 1: executive summary: 2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care. (
  • Possible solutions to these problems may include standardized guidelines for the initiation and termination of CPR, tort reform, and additional public education regarding resuscitation and advance directives. (
  • Widespread advertising campaigns have been created to encourage more members of the lay public to undergo training in the technique of closed-chest compression-only CPR, based upon extolling the virtues of rapid initiation of resuscitation, untempered by information about the often distressing outcomes, and hailing the "improved" results when nonprofessional bystanders are involved. (
  • OTCBB:NIMU) announced report of a research study of a modification of NIMS' flagship, patented product, the AT-101(TM), which demonstrated superior outcomes than a standard closed chest message device for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). (
  • The objective of this study was to learn whether inhaled NO improves outcomes after CA and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). (
  • Outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in dialysis patients. (
  • Patients with renal failure are believed to have a poor survival rate after cardiopulmonary resuscitation, but there is little specific information about the outcomes of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in dialysis patients. (
  • To be better able to inform dialysis patients and assist them in decision making about cardiopulmonary resuscitation, the eight-year experience with cardiopulmonary resuscitation in dialysis patients at a university dialysis program was analyzed and outcomes were compared with those of a control group of nondialysis patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation during the same time period in the same hospital. (
  • 3 Moreover, it has been shown that the levels of cardiac enzymes and troponins correlate positively with the duration of resuscitation maneuvers (an indirect measure of trauma by means of chest compression). (
  • Coronary perfusion and mean aortic pressures together with end-tidal CO 2 concentration during precordial compression were predictive of resuscitation, independently of the drug or placebo. (
  • Interposed abdominal compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation: Are we missing the mark in clinical trials? (
  • Babbs, Charles F., "Interposed abdominal compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation: Are we missing the mark in clinical trials? (
  • The software in the samaritan® PAD 500P may miscalculate the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) rate of compression per minute being administered to the patient. (
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation with interposed abdominal compression in" by Sandra H. Ralston, Charles F. Babbs et al. (
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the hemodynamic effectiveness of a new modification of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), termed interposed abdominal compression- CPR (IAC-CPR). (
  • and Niebauer, Mark J., "Cardiopulmonary resuscitation with interposed abdominal compression in dogs" (1982). (
  • Similar to the concept of elective cardiopulmonary bypass, used in open heart surgery, oxygenation and perfusion can be maintained with an ECMO device in patients undergoing cardiovascular collapse. (
  • A pulse oximeter can provide a continuous assessment of the pulse without interruption of other resuscitation measures, but the device takes 1 to 2 minutes to apply, and it may not function during states of very poor cardiac output or perfusion. (
  • Their emergency care page includes in depth information and advisory Statements of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation. (
  • This research study is titled as "Global Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation CPR Market" 2017 which presents an in-depth study about the production, consumption, market volume, revenue (million USD) and market share across different geographical regions. (
  • In addition, not only does ECPR provide possibly desirable cardiopulmonary rest, but also ECPR may be used to bridge patients to subsequent orthotopic heart transplantation [ 2 , 16 , 17 ] or a ventricular assist device [ 16 ]. (
  • Van Hoeyweghen R, Mullie A, Bossaert L. Decision making in continuing or cease cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), cerebral resuscitation study group. (
  • Application of impedance threshold devices during cardiopulmonary cerebral resuscitation. (
  • Interruptions in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) compromise defibrillation success. (
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation, commonly known as CPR, is a life-saving measure that is performed to restore breathing and circulation in a patient who has no pulse and is no longer breathing. (
  • After 25 minutes continuous resuscitation, the ECG showed fine VF, and two shocks with direct current (DC) led to return of spontaneous circulation. (
  • The Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) course delivers the essential principles, skills and knowledge to maintain or restore breathing and circulation in an adult, child or infant. (
  • The (UK) Resuscitation council is here . (
  • In partnership with the Singapore Resuscitation and First Aid Council (SRFAC) to launched the first ever CPR self-learning kiosk in Asia. (
  • Calcified myocardial necrosis in pediatric patients after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. (
  • We report three autopsy cases of wide-spread myocardial necrosis with calcification in pediatric patients after temporary generalized hypoxia and initially successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation, but subsequent in-hospital death. (
  • The electrocardiogram showed changes consistent with myocardial infarction only during CPA that was normalized 30 minutes after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. (
  • Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) allows clinicians to potentially rescue pediatric patients unresponsive to traditional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). (
  • This use of ECMO, also known as extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR), allows clinicians to potentially rescue patients unresponsive to traditional CPR. (
  • We present the results of an investigation of the first reported transmission of SARS-CoV to healthcare workers that occurred during attempted cardiopulmonary resuscitation of a completely unresponsive SARS patient. (
  • The sight of emergency medical personnel pushing against the chest of a heart attack victim may become a thing of the past if a new method of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) proves successful in expanded trials. (
  • They apply primarily to newly born infants undergoing transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life, but the recommendations are also applicable to neonates who have completed perinatal transition and require resuscitation during the first few weeks to months following birth. (
  • 2 , 3 Although the vast majority of newly born infants do not require intervention to make the transition from intrauterine to extrauterine life, because of the large total number of births, a sizable number will require some degree of resuscitation. (
  • Objective To determine whether delivery room cardiopulmonary resuscitation (DR-CPR) independently predicts morbidities and neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) in extremely low birth weight infants. (
  • It was concluded that cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a procedure that rarely results in extended survival for dialysis patients. (
  • 109 of these 303 cases were later determined as OHCA where resuscitation (i.e. (
  • Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (commonly known as ECPR) is a method of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) that passes the patient's blood through a machine in a process to oxygenate the blood supply. (
  • Ala Nozar, Neli Azimi and Theodore A. Alston, " Therapeutic Hypothermia for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Why, When and How", Current Cardiology Reviews (2007) 3: 199. (
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation or CPR is an emergency procedure, with the aim of restarting heart and breathing when these have ceased to function. (
  • Compliance with patients' wishes regarding resuscitation is low unless a legal advance directive is present. (
  • Conclusions: Before initiating hospital policy regarding the option of family presence during resuscitation, attitudes and experiences of patients and relatives on witnessed resuscitation should be explored. (
  • This leaflet gives St Christopher's patients information about the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) policy. (
  • monitoring of CPR quality is arguably one of the most significant advances in resuscitation practice in the past 20 years and one that should be incorporated into every resuscitation and every professional rescuer program. (
  • Background: The presence of family members during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) of an adult patient remains a contentious area of practice that has attracted wide international debate. (
  • A student is not required to earn certification in cardiopulmonary resuscitation to successfully complete the instruction for the purposes of this section. (
  • Basic and advanced cardiopulmonary resuscitation were successfully accomplished. (
  • This clinical trial aims to evaluate the psychological consequences of bereavement on the relatives according to the possibility of witnessing the cardiopulmonary resuscitation of a family member. (
  • Laboratory specimens, collected with nasopharyngeal swabs, were obtained from healthcare workers with symptoms that fulfilled the SARS clinical case definition after exposure during the attempted cardiopulmonary resuscitation. (
  • The objective is to delay tissue death and to extend the brief window of opportunity for a successful resuscitation without permanent brain damage . (
  • This device is recommended as a way to improve hemodynamics during CPCR by enhancing venous return and avoiding hyperventilation, thereby increasing the likelihood of a successful resuscitation. (
  • In 1911 he published a successful resuscitation with his device after one hour of "Vacuum and Pressure Massage of the Abdomen" in a case of attempted suicide by hanging. (
  • After participants gave informed consent, convalescent-phase serum was collected from all consenting healthcare workers exposed to the attempted resuscitation event as part of a larger seroprevalence study of hospital staff. (
  • We are very grateful to Dr. Nalini Prabhu, MD and Dr. V. Dedeepiya Devaprasad, MD, DNB, IDCC of the Critical Care department, Apollo Hospitals, who participated in the resuscitation of this patient. (