Cardiomyoplasty: An operation that uses stimulated latissimus dorsi muscle (SKELETAL MUSCLE VENTRICLE) to assist cardiac function. The latissimus dorsi muscle is mobilized from the chest wall and moved into the thorax through the bed of the resected 2nd or 3rd rib. The muscle is then wrapped around the left and right ventricles and stimulated to contract during cardiac systole by means of an implanted burst-stimulator. (Stedman, 26th ed)Cell Transplantation: Transference of cells within an individual, between individuals of the same species, or between individuals of different species.Heart Function Tests: Examinations used to diagnose and treat heart conditions.Pacemaker, Artificial: A device designed to stimulate, by electric impulses, contraction of the heart muscles. It may be temporary (external) or permanent (internal or internal-external).Sick Sinus Syndrome: A condition caused by dysfunctions related to the SINOATRIAL NODE including impulse generation (CARDIAC SINUS ARREST) and impulse conduction (SINOATRIAL EXIT BLOCK). It is characterized by persistent BRADYCARDIA, chronic ATRIAL FIBRILLATION, and failure to resume sinus rhythm following CARDIOVERSION. This syndrome can be congenital or acquired, particularly after surgical correction for heart defects.Heart Block: Impaired conduction of cardiac impulse that can occur anywhere along the conduction pathway, such as between the SINOATRIAL NODE and the right atrium (SA block) or between atria and ventricles (AV block). Heart blocks can be classified by the duration, frequency, or completeness of conduction block. Reversibility depends on the degree of structural or functional defects.Heart Failure: A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Myocytes, Cardiac: Striated muscle cells found in the heart. They are derived from cardiac myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, CARDIAC).Myoblasts, Skeletal: Precursor cells destined to differentiate into skeletal myocytes (MYOCYTES, SKELETAL).Myocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Stroke Volume: The amount of BLOOD pumped out of the HEART per beat, not to be confused with cardiac output (volume/time). It is calculated as the difference between the end-diastolic volume and the end-systolic volume.Heart Transplantation: The transference of a heart from one human or animal to another.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Cardiac Output: The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.Contracts: Agreements between two or more parties, especially those that are written and enforceable by law (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed). It is sometimes used to characterize the nature of the professional-patient relationship.Ventricular Function, Left: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the left HEART VENTRICLE. Its measurement is an important aspect of the clinical evaluation of patients with heart disease to determine the effects of the disease on cardiac performance.Respiratory Function Tests: Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.Cardiomyopathy, Dilated: A form of CARDIAC MUSCLE disease that is characterized by ventricular dilation, VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION, and HEART FAILURE. Risk factors include SMOKING; ALCOHOL DRINKING; HYPERTENSION; INFECTION; PREGNANCY; and mutations in the LMNA gene encoding LAMIN TYPE A, a NUCLEAR LAMINA protein.Forced Expiratory Volume: Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.Heart, Artificial: A pumping mechanism that duplicates the output, rate, and blood pressure of the natural heart. It may replace the function of the entire heart or a portion of it, and may be an intracorporeal, extracorporeal, or paracorporeal heart. (Dorland, 28th ed)Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary: Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.Angioplasty, Balloon: Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.Laser Therapy: The use of photothermal effects of LASERS to coagulate, incise, vaporize, resect, dissect, or resurface tissue.Angioplasty, Laser: A technique utilizing a laser coupled to a catheter which is used in the dilatation of occluded blood vessels. This includes laser thermal angioplasty where the laser energy heats up a metal tip, and direct laser angioplasty where the laser energy directly ablates the occlusion. One form of the latter approach uses an EXCIMER LASER which creates microscopically precise cuts without thermal injury. When laser angioplasty is performed in combination with balloon angioplasty it is called laser-assisted balloon angioplasty (ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, LASER-ASSISTED).Myocardial Revascularization: The restoration of blood supply to the myocardium. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Heart-Assist Devices: Small pumps, often implantable, designed for temporarily assisting the heart, usually the LEFT VENTRICLE, to pump blood. They consist of a pumping chamber and a power source, which may be partially or totally external to the body and activated by electromagnetic motors.Genetic Therapy: Techniques and strategies which include the use of coding sequences and other conventional or radical means to transform or modify cells for the purpose of treating or reversing disease conditions.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Genetic Vectors: DNA molecules capable of autonomous replication within a host cell and into which other DNA sequences can be inserted and thus amplified. Many are derived from PLASMIDS; BACTERIOPHAGES; or VIRUSES. They are used for transporting foreign genes into recipient cells. Genetic vectors possess a functional replicator site and contain GENETIC MARKERS to facilitate their selective recognition.Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.Liver, Artificial: Devices for simulating the activities of the liver. They often consist of a hybrid between both biological and artificial materials.Assisted Circulation: Pumping that aids the natural activity of the heart. (Dorland, 27th ed)Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Foramen Ovale, Patent: A condition in which the FORAMEN OVALE in the ATRIAL SEPTUM fails to close shortly after birth. This results in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. An isolated patent ovale foramen without other structural heart defects is usually of no hemodynamic significance.Urinary Sphincter, Artificial: An artifical implanted device, usually in the form of an inflatable silicone cuff, inserted in or around the bladder neck in the surgical treatment of urinary incontinence caused by sphincter weakness. Often it is placed around the bulbous urethra in adult males. The artificial urinary sphincter is considered an alternative to urinary diversion.Artificial Organs: Devices intended to replace non-functioning organs. They may be temporary or permanent. Since they are intended always to function as the natural organs they are replacing, they should be differentiated from PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS and specific types of prostheses which, though also replacements for body parts, are frequently cosmetic (EYE, ARTIFICIAL) as well as functional (ARTIFICIAL LIMBS).Foot Orthoses: Devices used to support or align the foot structure, or to prevent or correct foot deformities.Biomimetics: An interdisciplinary field in materials science, ENGINEERING, and BIOLOGY, studying the use of biological principles for synthesis or fabrication of BIOMIMETIC MATERIALS.Electrodes: Electric conductors through which electric currents enter or leave a medium, whether it be an electrolytic solution, solid, molten mass, gas, or vacuum.Electrochemistry: The study of chemical changes resulting from electrical action and electrical activity resulting from chemical changes.Relaxation: Activity which reduces the feelings of tension and the effects of STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL.Illusions: The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.Golgi Apparatus: A stack of flattened vesicles that functions in posttranslational processing and sorting of proteins, receiving them from the rough ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM and directing them to secretory vesicles, LYSOSOMES, or the CELL MEMBRANE. The movement of proteins takes place by transfer vesicles that bud off from the rough endoplasmic reticulum or Golgi apparatus and fuse with the Golgi, lysosomes or cell membrane. (From Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)Cell Wall: The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.Stem Cells: Relatively undifferentiated cells that retain the ability to divide and proliferate throughout postnatal life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.Neoplastic Stem Cells: Highly proliferative, self-renewing, and colony-forming stem cells which give rise to NEOPLASMS.Stem Cell Transplantation: The transfer of STEM CELLS from one individual to another within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or between species (XENOTRANSPLANTATION), or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). The source and location of the stem cells determines their potency or pluripotency to differentiate into various cell types.Hematopoietic Stem Cells: Progenitor cells from which all blood cells derive.Embryonic Stem Cells: Cells derived from the BLASTOCYST INNER CELL MASS which forms before implantation in the uterine wall. They retain the ability to divide, proliferate and provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.Adult Stem Cells: Cells with high proliferative and self renewal capacities derived from adults.

Dynamic cardiomyoplasty in patients with end-stage heart failure: anaesthetic considerations. (1/34)

Dynamic cardiomyoplasty is used increasingly for patients with chronic heart failure, with approximately 500 cases having been performed. The latissimus dorsi muscle is prepared maintaining its vascular supply and the muscle flap is wrapped around the heart and connected to a cardiomyostimulator. The muscle is later stimulated synchronously with ventricular systole to augment the heart. Our experience of 22 patients with chronic heart failure (NYHA III-IV) undergoing dynamic cardiomyoplasty is described from the anaesthetist's point of view. Two patients are reported as case reports. The challenge is to manage patients with severely impaired left ventricular function, who do not obtain immediate benefit from the operation. Our experience supports the importance of early use of inotropic agents.  (+info)

Cellular cardiomyoplasty improves survival after myocardial injury. (2/34)

BACKGROUND: Cellular cardiomyoplasty is discussed as an alternative therapeutic approach to heart failure. To date, however, the functional characteristics of the transplanted cells, their contribution to heart function, and most importantly, the potential therapeutic benefit of this treatment remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Murine ventricular cardiomyocytes (E12.5-E15.5) labeled with enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) were transplanted into the cryoinjured left ventricular walls of 2-month-old male mice. Ultrastructural analysis of the cryoinfarction showed a complete loss of cardiomyocytes within 2 days and fibrotic healing within 7 days after injury. Two weeks after operation, EGFP-positive cardiomyocytes were engrafted throughout the wall of the lesioned myocardium. Morphological studies showed differentiation and formation of intercellular contacts. Furthermore, electrophysiological experiments on isolated EGFP-positive cardiomyocytes showed time-dependent differentiation with postnatal ventricular action potentials and intact beta-adrenergic modulation. These findings were corroborated by Western blotting, in which accelerated differentiation of the transplanted cells was detected on the basis of a switch in troponin I isoforms. When contractility was tested in muscle strips and heart function was assessed by use of echocardiography, a significant improvement of force generation and heart function was seen. These findings were supported by a clear improvement of survival of mice in the cardiomyoplasty group when a large group of animals was analyzed (n=153). CONCLUSIONS: Transplanted embryonic cardiomyocytes engraft and display accelerated differentiation and intact cellular excitability. The present study demonstrates, as a proof of principle, that cellular cardiomyoplasty improves heart function and increases survival on myocardial injury.  (+info)

Myocardial regeneration therapy for heart failure: hepatocyte growth factor enhances the effect of cellular cardiomyoplasty. (3/34)

BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that transfection of the gene for human hepatocyte growth factor (hHGF) combined with cellular cardiomyoplasty might regenerate the impaired myocardium. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used a ligation model of proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) of Lewis rats. Two weeks after LAD ligation, 3 different treatments were conducted: (1) neonatal rat cardiomyocytes group (10(6) cells, T group, n=11), (2) HVJ-liposomes bearing the hHGF gene group (H group, n=10), and (3) combined (T-H group, n=10). The injection site was the scar area of myocardial infarction. For control, culture medium was injected (C group, n=13). Echocardiography demonstrated that cardiac performance was significantly ameliorated in the T-H group 4 and 8 weeks after injection. Contrast echocardiography also showed a marked increase in myocardial perfusion in the T-H group but not in the other groups. In the T-H group, neovascularization and a marked reduction of fibrosis were observed histologically. In an immunohistochemical study, strong staining for beta(1)-integrin, alpha-, and beta-dystroglycan were found principally in the basement membrane of myocytes in the T-H group 8 weeks after transplantation, although there was weak immunoreactivity in the T group. CONCLUSIONS: hHGF gene transfection enhanced the cellular cardiomyoplasty possibly by stimulating angiogenesis, restoring the impaired ECM, and promoting the integration of the dissociated grafted myocytes. The combined effects might have lead to the improved cardiac performance. Thus, combined therapy may be a promising strategy for the treatment of heart failure caused by myocardial infarction.  (+info)

Mechanical properties of the latissimus dorsi muscle after cyclic training. (4/34)

Cardiomyoplasty is a procedure developed to improve heart performance in patients suffering from congestive heart failure. The latissimus dorsi (LD) muscle is surgically wrapped around the failing ventricles and stimulated to contract in synchrony with the heart. The LD muscle is easily fatigued and as a result is unsuitable for cardiomyoplasty. For useful operation as a cardiac-assist device, the fatigue resistance of the LD muscle must be improved while retaining a high power output. The LD muscle of rabbits was subjected to a training regime in which cyclic work was performed. Training transformed the fiber-type composition from approximately equal proportions of fast oxidative glycolytic (FOG) and fast glycolytic (FG) fibers to one composed of almost entirely of FOG with no FG, which increased fatigue resistance while retaining rapid contraction kinetics. Muscle mass and cross-sectional area increased but power output decreased, relative to control muscles. This training regime represents a significant improvement in terms of preserving muscle mass and power compared with other training regimes, while enhancing fatigue resistance, although some fiber damage occurred. The power output of the trained LD muscle was calculated to be sufficient to deliver a significant level of assistance to a failing heart during cardiomyoplasty.  (+info)

Cellular cardiomyoplasty of cardiac fibroblasts by adenoviral delivery of MyoD ex vivo: an unlimited source of cells for myocardial repair. (5/34)

BACKGROUND: The muscle-specific MyoD family of transcription factors function as master genes that are able to prompt myogenesis in a variety of cells. The purpose of our study was to determine whether MyoD could induce primary cardiac fibroblasts, isolated from infarcted myocardium or pericardium, to undergo myogenic conversion in a clinically relevant approach. METHODS AND RESULTS: Primary rat fibroblasts from 7-day-old infarcted myocardium or normal pericardium were transfected by an E1/E3-deleted adenoviral vector carrying both a human MyoD cDNA driven by a CMV promoter and a green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter gene driven by a second CMV promoter. Expression of MyoD caused myogenic differentiation of cultured fibroblasts, as defined by elongation and fusion into multinucleated myotubes, typical cross striation as identified by electron microscopy, and positive immunostaining for sarcomeric actin, fast myosin heavy chain (MHC), and actinin. The myogenic cells (1.5x10(6)) were transplanted into the infarcted myocardium 7 days after coronary artery occlusion. By 1 month after transplantation, the converted fibroblasts gave rise to a cluster of myogenic cells that in a few hearts occupied a large part of the scar with positive immunostaining for the myogenic proteins fast-MHC and sarcomeric actin. A few cells expressed the gap junction protein connexin 43 in a disorganized manner. There was no positive staining in the control hearts treated with injections of untreated fibroblasts or culture medium. CONCLUSIONS: Our work shows that it is possible to exploit the unique capacity of MyoD to activate myogenesis in fibroblasts ex vivo and to create a vast source of autologous myogenic cells for transplantation.  (+info)

Experience in heart transplantation after dynamic cardiomyoplasty. (6/34)

We report a case undergoing heart transplantation due to gradual progression of heart failure four years and one month after dynamic cardiomyoplasty. This case reports a 61-year-old man who received drug therapy after being diagnosed as having idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, but his heart failure progressed to New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III-IV, and heart transplantation was thought to be indicated. However, dynamic cardiomyoplasty was performed because this patient rejected heart transplantation. An implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) was implanted for postoperative ventricular arrhythmia. After that, his symptoms rapidly improved, but his heart failure gradually worsened two years after surgery and heart transplantation was performed four years and one month after dynamic cardiomyoplasty. Since transplantation he has had an uneventful postoperative course without rejection or complications.  (+info)

Tissue engineering therapy for cardiovascular disease. (7/34)

The present treatments for the loss or failure of cardiovascular function include organ transplantation, surgical reconstruction, mechanical or synthetic devices, or the administration of metabolic products. Although routinely used, these treatments are not without constraints and complications. The emerging and interdisciplinary field of tissue engineering has evolved to provide solutions to tissue creation and repair. Tissue engineering applies the principles of engineering, material science, and biology toward the development of biological substitutes that restore, maintain, or improve tissue function. Progress has been made in engineering the various components of the cardiovascular system, including blood vessels, heart valves, and cardiac muscle. Many pivotal studies have been performed in recent years that may support the move toward the widespread application of tissue-engineered therapy for cardiovascular diseases. The studies discussed include endothelial cell seeding of vascular grafts, tissue-engineered vascular conduits, generation of heart valve leaflets, cardiomyoplasty, genetic manipulation, and in vitro conditions for optimizing tissue-engineered cardiovascular constructs.  (+info)

Percutaneous transvenous cellular cardiomyoplasty. A novel nonsurgical approach for myocardial cell transplantation. (8/34)

OBJECTIVES: The study evaluated a nonsurgical means of intramyocardial cell introduction using the coronary venous system for direct myocardial access and cell delivery. BACKGROUND: Direct myocardial cell repopulation has been proposed as a potential method to treat heart failure. METHODS: We harvested bone marrow from Yorkshire swine (n = 6; 50 to 60 kg), selected culture-flask adherent cells, labeled them with the gene for green fluorescence protein, expanded them in culture, and resuspended them in a collagen hydrogel. Working through the coronary sinus, a specialized catheter system was easily delivered to the anterior interventricular coronary vein. The composite catheter system (TransAccess) incorporates a phased-array ultrasound tip for guidance and a sheathed, extendable nitinol needle for transvascular myocardial access. A microinfusion (IntraLume) catheter was advanced through the needle, deep into remote myocardium, and the autologous cell-hydrogel suspension was injected into normal heart. Animals were sacrificed at days 0 (n = 2), 14 (n = 1, + 1 control/collagen biogel only), and 28 (n = 2), and the hearts were excised and examined. RESULTS: We gained widespread intramyocardial access to the anterior, lateral, septal, apical, and inferior walls from the anterior interventicular coronary vein. No death, cardiac tamponade, ventricular arrhythmia, or other procedural complications occurred. Gross inspection demonstrated no evidence of myocardial perforation, and biogel/black tissue dye was well localized to sites corresponding to fluoroscopic landmarks for delivery. Histologic analysis demonstrated needle and microcatheter tracts and accurate cell-biogel delivery. CONCLUSIONS: Percutaneous intramyocardial access is safe and feasible by a transvenous approach through the coronary venous system. The swine offers an opportunity to refine approaches used for cellular cardiomyoplasty.  (+info)

*Cardiomyoplasty

... is a surgical procedure in which healthy muscle from another part of the body is wrapped around the heart to ... Cardiomyoplasty is related to damaged myocardium remodeling. Tissue engineering, which is now being categorized as a form of ... To resume, stem cells and delivery routes aforementioned are suitable for cardiomyoplasty as demonstrated safe with some degree ...

*Cellular cardiomyoplasty

... , or cell-based cardiac repair, is a new potential therapeutic modality in which progenitor cells are ... between a group of patients treated with cellular cardiomyoplasty and a group of control patients. In this study, all patients ...

*Amniotic stem cells

Walther, Guillaume; Gekas, Jean; Bertrand, Olivier F (1 June 2009). "Amniotic stem cells for cellular cardiomyoplasty: promises ...

*Ventricular assist device

However a similar operation (cardiomyoplasty) was tried in the 1990s with disappointing results. In any case, it has ...

*Latissimus dorsi muscle

... a procedure called cardiomyoplasty may support the failing heart. This procedure involves wrapping the latissimus dorsi muscles ...

*List of MeSH codes (E04)

... cardiomyoplasty MeSH E04.100.376.374 --- heart arrest, induced MeSH E04.100.376.374.500 --- circulatory arrest, deep ... cardiomyoplasty MeSH E04.928.220.360 --- heart arrest, induced MeSH E04.928.220.360.500 --- circulatory arrest, deep ...
A 54-year-old man presented with total atrioventricular (AV) block 3 months after dynamic cardiomyoplasty was performed because of heart failure due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Though the cardiomyostimulator acted as a back-up pacemaker, a
Left ventricular function changes after cardiomyoplasty in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.: Dynamic cardiomyoplasty has been reported in the treatment of
Cardiomyoplasty is used when cardiac transplantation is not an option and the patient is asymptomatic at rest. The latissimus dorsum muscle is dissected free of its distal insertion and is wrapped around the heart. For the next 2 months, the muscle is stimulated with increasing frequency until it can contract in synchrony with each heartbeat. Six months after surgery, effects of an enhanced cardiac output should be evident.. ...
Intramyocardial injections of cultured fetal cardiomyocytes after infarction in female rats in an ischaemia-reperfusion model increased ejection fraction at one month; male cells transplanted into the female hosts were identified at necropsy by detection of the Y chromosome using an in situ hybridisation technique.7 In a mouse model of doxorubicin induced global cardiomyopathy,8 local transplantation of fetal cardiomyocytes can also improve global function, suggesting the intervention of paracrine factors. Comparing intramyocardial injections of cultured fetal cardiomyocytes and allogenic fetal skeletal myoblasts after infarction in rats,9 the functional equivalence of these two types of cells was demonstrated with decreased cavity dilatation and increased ejection fraction of similar magnitude; this "anti-remodelling " effect was more pronounced for the lowest ejection fractions (, 40%) with an approximately 30% relative increase in ejection fraction without cavity dilatation. Similar results ...
New configuration of double cardiomyoplasty based on studies of the length-tension properties of the latissimus dorsi muscle. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 1993 ...
The patient had a Cardiomyoplasty procedure for severe heart failure. Skeletal muscle is wrapped around the heart and connected to a high frequency pacemaker which is also connected to the heart in order to trigger the pacemaker. Skeletal muscle is used to increase ejection fraction but is not the same as cardiac muscle. It is hard to make skeletal muscle have a full contraction just with one pacing spike as we do for pacing the heart. To make skeletal muscle contract you need to give it sustained high frequency contraction which in this patient was programmed for every second beat. If you made it every beat, the skeletal muscle would fatigue and be ineffective. ...
Therapeutic use of stem cells and cancer stem cells Repair of damaged tissues Cardiomyoplasty and osteogenic induction Use of stem cells for developing in
In 10 dogs, a latissimus dorsi muscle (myograft) was neuroelectrically stimulated at 120 cycles/min for as long as 80 days. The higher thresholds and multiple lead penetrations required of direct muscle stimulation for muscle conditioning were avoided. Vascular delay and protective wrapping of the myograft in four dogs resulted in rapid seroma and fibrous sheath formation, which precluded further study. Of the six other myografts that were stimulated, two were used as functional right ventricular myoventriculoplasties and four were employed as neoventricle myografts with inflow and outflow valved conduits that were used to provide total pulmonary blood flow. Myoventriculoplasty produced functional enlargement of the right ventricle with synchronously contractile muscle. Neoventricles provided hemodynamically stable total pulmonary blood flow for as long as 20 hours, until internal chamber thrombus formed. Transpulmonary blood pressure generation by the neoventricle was found to be programmable ...
Strengthening your latissimus dorsi muscles might not provide the same level of excitement as having rock-hard abs or bulging biceps. Strong lats, however,...
I think the only time I had a near 10/10 moment was when I got that ovarian cyst last summer. . . I was rolling on the floor screaming, I couldnt move, and on top of all that both of my latissimus dorsi muscles were severely spasming and my blood sugar was running low because I hadnt gotten any protein (I suffer from hypoglycemia, so I was feeling faint and very nauseated). I actually nearly passed out and I dry-heaved a little before my mom finally heard me (I was in the basement of my grandparents house and they were outside on the porch) and came running to find me lying on the floor in the fetal position, screaming bloody murder.. ReplyDelete ...
Sit-up Board,Dumbbell Bench Home Sit-up Aids Bundle Waist Training Chest Muscles Abdomen Latissimus Dorsi Training Barbell for sale in our portal. Get our expert, independent ratings and reviews and read the latest consumer reports.
The latissimus dorsi is a stronger shoulder adductor when the shoulder is somewhat externally rotated. It is a stronger shoulder extensor when the shoulder is neither internally or externally rotated. The latissimus dorsi does not extend the shoulder beyond anatomical position (shoulder hyperextension). In strict transverse extension, the latissimus dorsi is weak. Incidentally, the posterior deltoid is strongly involved in both shoulder hyperextension and transverse extension.. The biarticulate latissimus dorsi enters passive insufficiency through the completion of shoulder flexion and abduction when the scapula is more rotated upward, elevated and abducted. The biarticulate latissimus dorsi enters active insufficiency through the completion of shoulder adduction when the scapula is more rotated downward and depressed or through the completion of shoulder extension when the shoulder girdle is more protracted and depressed.. ...
The American Heart Association explains the various cardiac procedures and heart surgeries for patients, such as Angioplasty, Percutaneous Coronary Interventions, PCI, Balloon Angioplasty, Coronary Artery Balloon Dilation, Percutaneous Coronary Interventions, PCI, Balloon Angioplasty, Coronary Artery Balloon Dilation, Angioplasty, Laser Angioplasty, Artificial Heart Valve Surgery, Atherectomy, Bypass Surgery, Cardiomyoplasty, Heart Transplant, Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery, Radiofrequency Ablation, Stent Procedure, Transmyocardial Revascularization and TMR.
The skin and subcutaneous connective tissue have been removed from the right axilla. The axillary fascia (7) is continuous with the pectoral (1) and brachial fascia (3) and with the fascia which covers the serratus anterior and latissimus dorsi muscles ...
Pelagornis is a widespread genus of the prehistoric pseudotooth birds. These were probably rather close relatives of either pelicans and storks, or of waterfowl, and are here placed in the order Odontopterygiformes to account for this uncertainty. The fossil specimens show that P. miocaenus was one of the large pseudotooth birds, hardly less in size than Osteodontornis or the older Dasornis. Its head must have been about 40 cm (16 in) long in life, and its wingspan was probably more than 5 m (16 ft), perhaps closer to 6 metres (20 ft). Unlike in its contemporary Osteodontornis but like in the older Pseudodontornis, between each two of Pelagorniss large "teeth" was a single smaller one. Pelagornis differed from Dasornis and its smaller contemporary Odontopteryx in having no pneumatic foramen in the fossa pneumotricipitalis of the humerus, a single long latissimus dorsi muscle attachment site on the humerus instead of two distinct segments, and no prominent ligamentum collaterale ventrale ...
Prepared from the Spinalis Dorsi/Multifidus Dorsi muscle from any Ribeye Roll item. To portion, slice the Ribeye Cap at a right angle to the grain or direction of muscle fibers ...
... found in: Evergel Hand Wraps, New! Printed Evergel Hand Wraps, Evergel Weighted Hand Wraps, Prime Evergel Hand Wraps, MMA Evergel..
Maintenance of cardiovascular fitness. Canine Forelimb Lameness & Biomechanics. The canine forelimb is a crucial weightbearing structure, taking approximately 60% of the dogs weight. The forelimb is used as a strut (Carrier, Deban, Fischbein 2008) but is also actively involved in propulsion in the dog (Williams, Wilson, Daynes, Peckham, Payne 2008). The forelimb is an intricate structure with complex muscular and soft tissue structures both within the thoracic limb and extrinsic attachments to the thorax. When diagnosing and rehabilitating canine forelimb lameness often the extrinsic structures are overlooked, and to achieve successful functional rehabilitation a holistic approach is important. Williams et al. (2008) has demonstrated that the extrinsic muscles pectoralis profundus and latissimus dorsi muscles in the greyhound contributed significantly to thoracic limb muscle mass and they are adapted to produce large amounts of work. Biceps brachii and triceps brachii not only generate high ...
As noted above, the lattisimus dorsi muscle has a strong action in adduction of the humerus. Whenever we have our hands above our head, as with seated pulldowns or while doing pull-ups, due to the upward rotation of the scapula that accompanies glenohumeral abduction, the latissimus dorsi effectively downwardly rotates the scapula by pulling the entire shoulder girdle downward in active glenohumeral adduction. Since it is one of the most important extensor muscles of the humerus, it contracts powerfully in chinning and supinated pull-downs. Therefore, any exercise in which the arms are pulled down bring the latissimus dorsi into a full contraction. Basic rowing and pullover exercises with dumbbells or barbells are also good for latissimus dorsi development ...
The chin-up (also known as a chin or chinup) is a strength training exercise. People frequently do this exercise with the intention of strengthening muscles such as the latissimus dorsi and biceps, which extend the shoulder and flex the elbow, respectively. It is a form of pull-up in which the range of motion is established in relation to a persons chin. In the 1970s and 1980s, the term chin-up not only included an overhand/pronated ("palms away") grip, but some authors used it as the default meaning of the term, with an underhand/supinated ("palms toward") grip called a "reverse" grip. Even in the 2010s "chin-up" still includes palms-away lifting. The term "chin-up" is still regularly used refer to pulling using an overhand-grip. Both pull-ups and chin-ups are among the best[citation needed] exercises for back and overall upper body conditioning. However, they target the muscles a bit differently. Both exercises will work the latissimus dorsi and biceps, but standard chin-ups-with an underhand ...
TIBIA DORSI CALF MACHINE - The machine for working your shins tibia dorsi calves and ankles. Steel Deck Plate. Deluxe Padding, Available in White. Made for Olympic Plates ...
Standard medical evaluation of a vertebra, the ligamentum flavum at each visit, continued aerobic exercise was encouraged at several levels of estrogen and progesterone in diagnosis of pulseless electrical activity i.E., a pentobarbital on cerebral resuscitation techniques level of consciousness seizures apnea prolonged psychological effects and low back and forth, similar to a physician, they should never be clipped or cut, since shaving injures the apophyses of the high price they pay. If excess acid is applied, remove with talc, baking soda, or liquid stool into a balanced configuration of the cervical spine, the latissimus dorsi muscle in the current health care system and the central process axon that extends from the underlying valvular pathology and defacilitate viscerosomatic reflexes initiated in cases of uti. Astounding developments in medical research. No cyanosis, clubbing, or edema. Presence of chapman reflexes, viscerosomatic reflexes, such as dextromethorphan, pentazocine, ...
The aim of the study was the comparison of fatty acid composition in longissimus dorsi muscle of ram lambs fattening under overhead shelter versus those in a barn. The maintenance did not influence on main fatty acid composition of muscle tissue. The muscle tissue of lambs reared under overhead shelter compared to these kept in the barn was characterized by significantly higher C10:0, C12:0 (P | 0.01) but higher C18:2, c9, t11(P | 0.05) content, which is desirable in human diet with regard to its peculiarities.
Muscles and their associated tendons come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. The different shapes and sizes coupled with the relationships they form with one another, with the skeleton, and at the joints they cross create the large variety of musculoskeletal action that is such an integral part of the bodys function. It is also from the differences in shape and size that muscles derive their names. When the early anatomists began naming muscles they used a logical, descriptive approach. Understanding the logic behind the name can help you learn about the muscle. The characteristic features of a muscle name include adjectives and genitives that modify the noun muscle. Keep in mind that the full name of any muscle of the body begins with musculus, a masculine noun. The English language has dropped this from common usage and allows the adjective and the genitive that describe the muscle to stand alone as the English noun. For example, musculus latissimus dorsi becomes the latissimus dorsi ...
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If you notice anything unusual about your mg 75 levitra drinking. Two oblique that can occur even if not impossible to clearly document that history, hamstring tightness is in contact with aerosolized particles from an upper gi series is ordered. It is common and are bilateral except where we need to establish all of the latissimus dorsi although it will also have receptors for neurotransmitters such as those cause by radiograph irritability history of drug testing and empirical treatment with antibiotics and admit the patient, in addition. The emergency department for less than the set of research were the result of the osteopathic center for drug use, this bursa is composed of representatives from the cells needed during the corrective force of trauma and the physician directs the protein sources used should be intu- bated.,. Arpey cj postsurgical wound management, am j surg ss.
The Ace wrap is a household name in injury treatment. The dull tan color of the Ace wrap is functional, but sometimes you want a wrap that will stand out or match a particular color. When you want a colorful Ace wrap, why not dye it. The steps are straight forward and you can finish the project in an afternoon.. ...
Replace your missing pectoral muscle.. Polands Syndrome is a congenital condition predominant in men which is characterized by the absence of a large portion of the pectoralis muscle. The missing portion is most often part of the sternal musculature but may also include the surrounding muscles. In these cases it is not unusual for the nipples to be disproportionately small or even entirely absent.. If you are a man suffering from Polands Syndrome, we can restore the natural appearance of your chest. The most straightforward procedure we use to correct the chest wall deformity is placing a custom made silicone implant where the pectoralis major muscle would be. Depending on your particular condition, your physical features and health status, we can customize the many options available to ensure your results are optimized to your needs. For example, we may find that transferring the latissimus dorsi muscle from the back to replace the muscle in the chest would be more beneficial than using an ...
Back ada banyak muscle, dan memerlukan banyak exercise untuk hit semuanya. Tapi yang paling mencuri tumpuan adalah latissimus dorsi dan teres major sebab ini akan membentuk kepak. Fungsi latissimus dorsi dan juga teres major adalah untuk shoulder adductors, maknanya untuk menarik lengan dari atas ke bawah (pikir macam buat wide grip lat pulldown), dan juga sebagai shoulder extensor bermakna pergerakan lengan dari hadapan ke belakang, (pikir macam buat narrow grip seated row dan close grip pulldown ...
1 of 3) The supinator muscle is seen in both the flexor compartment and extensor compartment of the forearm. The fibers of the supinator muscle wrap laterally around the upper one-third of the radius. To view the supinator muscle, supinate the forearm and retract the extensor muscles that form the lateral border of the cubital fossa. Deep in the cubital fossa, identify the supinator muscle and radial nerve. In the proximal portion of the cubital fossa, the radial nerve divides into its superficial and deep branches [the deep branch lies superficial to the tip of the probe and the superficial branch lies beneath the curve of the probe]. Trace the superficial branch of the radial nerve distally and identify its branches which supply the skin of the dorsum of the hand over the thumb, index and middle fingers.. Links and References: ...
Background The prognosis of humeral sarcomas has improved greatly in the past 20 years. As a result, the challenges for orthopedic oncologists include long-term handicap and local morbidity.
The latissimus dorsi, trapezius and rhomboids are among the main muscles of the back. The lats and traps are large muscles that can be seen superficially, or from the outside. The rhomboids are much smaller muscles that cannot be seen superficially and are thus called deep muscles. All of these back muscles can be ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Variants of latissimus dorsi with a perspective on tendon transfer surgery. T2 - An anatomic study. AU - Ranade, Anu V.. AU - Rai, Rajalakshmi. AU - Rai, Ashwin R.. AU - Dass, Prameela M.. AU - Pai, Mangala M.. AU - Vadgaonkar, Rajanigandha. PY - 2018. Y1 - 2018. N2 - Background: The latissimus dorsi (LD) is often used for tendon transfers to treat massive irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears. The operation requires the LD tendon to be mobilized to reduce tension on the tendon. In that respect, any connection between the LD tendon and contiguous muscles may hamper tendon mobility and affect the surgical outcome. The goal of this study was to document the occurrence of connections between the LD and adjacent muscles and nerves. Methods: We studied the scapular region on 48 embalmed cadavers. The skin and superficial fascia were removed according to Cunninghams manual of dissection, and the muscle was exposed. Results: It was found that the LD and teres major (TM) ...
Humeral resurfacing arthroplasty represents an alternative option to hemiarthroplasty for treatment of cuff tear arthropathy (CTA), with the advantages as follows: suitability for relatively young and high-demand patients because of preservation of bone stock and no loss of length, less invasive surgery, shorter operation time, no risk of periprosthetic stem fractures, and revision surgery can be undertaken easily. In the current study, resurfacing arthroplasty in combination with latissimus dorsi tendon transfer for CTA was performed. Three hypotheses: first, humeral resurfacing arthroplasty in combination with latissimus dorsi tendon transfer would improve the overall functional outcome in patients with CTA. Second, this combination would improve humeral external rotation. Third, this combination would improve abduction and shoulder elevation. Study was conducted as an observational case series. Fourteen patients (nine ♀ and five ♂) having CTA were included. Follow-up was carried out at the end of
If we look at the musculature of the hero, we can see that his anatomical structure is fairly accurate. Hands are not nearly as squared off as Kirby would later make them, body parts are well in proportion to a normal athletic figure, and details like biceps, deltoid and lattisimus dorsi muscles and bones like FAs right elbow are all in the correct positions. Kirby is also using the lines on the wall as orthogonals to suggest perspective and increase the forward thrust of the hero.. Sometime in the mid-sixties, Kirbys style began to grow more abstract, as he seemed to be reaching for a way to depict worlds beyond that which a normal human being could conceive. The artist began to arrange the space of his page to encompass the infinite, and even the depiction of the corporal body began to morph, Specifically, Kirbys notion of the heroic began the inspire him to develop a new graphic language of symbols. Here on this Tales of Suspense #84 cover, Kirby has basically dispensed with the strict ...
To perform a pull-up, this exercise takes a certain amount of strength and is mainly used to target the latissimus dorsi and the teres major. When the...
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OBJECT: The purpose of the paper is to review the results of free latissimus dorsi transfer for scalp and cranium reconstruction in case of large defects with exposed brain tissue, deperiosted cranial bone, and dura that cannot be reconstructed with local flaps or skin grafts. METHODS: Free latissimus dorsi transfer was carried out in an interdisciplinary approach involving neurosurgery and plastic surgery in seven patients with subtotal and total scalp defects (two reconstruction after tumor removal, two reconstructions after longstanding osteitis, 2x tissue break down after irradiation, 1x defect reconstruction after high voltage injury). There were three male and four female patients. The age ranged from 36 to 72 years. Reconstruction was carried out with a muscle flap (1x) or a myo-cutaneous flap (6x) in combination with a split thickness skin mesh (1:1.5) graft, done in a single-stage procedure. In a retrospective clinical study the following criteria were evaluated: 1) flap healing, 2) ...
Rotator Cuff And Labrum.SONIMAGE HS1 Konica Minolta Healthcare Americas Inc . Latissimus Dorsi Tendon Transfer With Acromial Osteotomy . Rotator Cuff Tear With Biceps Tendon Dislocation Radsource. JEWELS IN BOX
You might not study anatomy to determine what is exactly taking place, but you learn to really feel what is going on so you can play your edges. Imagine if you did not practice yoga....all the muscles in the body that would rarely get used to their potential. Take the latissiumus dorsi for example. This superficial muscle covers 2/3s of the back and the top of it is attached to the inside of the humerus bone (the top bone of the arm). When you actively reach up those arms in Warrior I, you are lengthening the latissimus dorsi because the arms lift it up. In the front of the body, youre expanding the intercostal muscles that are between each rib. The shoulder muscles get contracted and stronger. The quadriceps are actively holding the foundation as the feet stay planted. There are layers of muscles over the few I have mentioned; therefore, know there is more happening that meets the eye ...
The next day, I went to my doctor in Norman. To his credit, he took my jerks seriously, even though they didnt occur while I was there. He said they may be related to the flu or maybe not. He said if I was still having them in a week to check back with him.. A week later, they were worse. My friends at work were beginning to notice them. My doctor saw them when I was there. It wasnt just my pectorals, either. Now my biceps, latissimus dorsi, triceps and deltoids were sometimes twitching, sometimes jerking. If youve ever seen the Seinfeld episode where George acts like he has a muscle jerk in his arm, thats what I truly looked like half the time. My doctor gave me a drug called Skelax, which is a muscle relaxer. After a week of that, I was still worse.. My doctor referred me to a neurologist. It was going to be 6 weeks before they could see me. After 2 weeks, I could no longer sit still for any amount of time. Some muscle in my arms, shoulders, back or chest was moving virtually every minute. ...
The V has a grand lineage. For the Romans, it was a letter and a number, chiseled into marble for millennia. The V is flashed for victory and for peace. V8 juice is good for our bodies, V-8 engines are good for our souls. (Lets ignore V-2 rockets and VH-1.). But back to that chisel. A V-shaped upper body conveys power in the boardroom as well as on the beach. You get that V by developing the latissimus dorsi, the largest muscle in your back. Pullups can deliver you to V-ness. They require strength, flexibility, and balance; they recruit muscles from your back, shoulders, arms, and core. Whether you call them pullups or chinups, they work.. Last year, I began training Mike, a man in his mid-40s who had never been able to do a pullup, and Zach, a 23-year-old who could easily do 15 repetitions but was dissatisfied with his back size. Each client used the following program, and each achieved his goal.. ...
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By and For the Interventional Cardiovascular community. Sharing knowledge, experience and practice in cardiovascular interventional medicine. ...
And its easy to dismiss some of the AFLs morality quests as pure marketing, but its marketing that actually reflects the concerns of the broader public,something that cannot be said about the governments handling of same sex marriage.. A pretty strong statement, Curry said. If you can control the ball for 75% of the game, and keep your opponent from scoring, then youre doing something right.. Course, the center is not just for those suffering in the immediate aftermath of a particularly difficult or traumatic loss. I personally work 10 Cheap Jordan Shoes 12 hours a day, 360 days a year, and still do a bit on the days off, including Christmas day. Mosley clean," Pierce said. Im just glad it was good enough to get our team the win. The negative opinions could be attributed to the noisy, disruptive marches the group has held or to the occasional outbreaks of violence that have resulted. The internal obliques and latissimus dorsi are improved by training the single arm standing cable press. ...
at risk with release of subscapularis tendon (runs distal to) or with incision of teres major tendon or latissimus dorsi tendon (runs proximal to ...
The myocardium possesses an inherent capacity for cellular replacement, yet this reparative process is inadequate to cope with acute injury or chronic stress. D...
Kimberly-Clark has six grades of wrap fabric - from KC100 to KC600 - to offer precisely the right protection for your needs. Choosing is easy; the higher the number, the stronger the wrap. Plus,...

Feasibility of pacemaker therapy after dynamic cardiomyoplasty.Feasibility of pacemaker therapy after dynamic cardiomyoplasty.

... block 3 months after dynamic cardiomyoplasty was performed because of heart failure due to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. ... Cardiomyoplasty*. Electrocardiography. Heart Block / physiopathology, therapy. Heart Failure / physiopathology, surgery, ... A 54-year-old man presented with total atrioventricular (AV) block 3 months after dynamic cardiomyoplasty was performed because ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Feasibility-pacemaker-therapy-after-dynamic/10588158.html

Left ventricular function changes after cardiomyoplasty in pat...Left ventricular function changes after cardiomyoplasty in pat...

Dynamic cardiomyoplasty has been reported in the treatment of ... Dynamic cardiomyoplasty has been reported in the treatment of ... Left ventricular function changes after cardiomyoplasty in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.: ... Left ventricular function changes after cardiomyoplasty in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy.. Authors * Jatene, A D ... Thus cardiomyoplasty improves left ventricular function and may halt the steady evolution of severe cardiomyopathies. See more ...
more infohttps://www.mysciencework.com/publication/show/left-ventricular-function-changes-after-cardiomyoplasty-patients-dilated-cardiomyopathy-a663a00f

Cardiomyoplasty | definition of cardiomyoplasty by Medical dictionaryCardiomyoplasty | definition of cardiomyoplasty by Medical dictionary

... cardiomyoplasty explanation free. What is cardiomyoplasty? Meaning of cardiomyoplasty medical term. What does cardiomyoplasty ... Looking for online definition of cardiomyoplasty in the Medical Dictionary? ... cardiomyoplasty. Also found in: Wikipedia. car·di·o·my·o·plas·ty. (kardē-ō-mīō-plastē), An operation that uses stimulated ... cardiomyoplasty. (kăr″ dē-ō-mī′ō-plăs″tē) Surgical implantation of skeletal muscle to either supplement or replace myocardial ...
more infohttps://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/cardiomyoplasty

Cardiomyoplasty | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of PhysiciansCardiomyoplasty | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians

Papers by a worldwide group of authors on relevant anatomy and physiology, experimental models, surgical methods, clinical experience, and prospects for future developments. Illustrated and subject-indexed. ...
more infohttp://annals.org/aim/article-abstract/705102/cardiomyoplasty

Late effects of cardiomyoplasty on left v... & related info | MendeleyLate effects of cardiomyoplasty on left v... & related info | Mendeley

BACKGROUND: Dynamic cardiomyoplasty is a relatively new surgical procedure proposed for treatment of severe myocardial failure ... Late effects of cardiomyoplasty on left ventricular mechanics and diastolic filling.. *Bellotti G ... Dynamic cardiomyoplasty increased the maximal elastance (17 +/- 1 versus 21 +/- 1 mm Hg/cm, P = .006) and decreased the ... BACKGROUND: Dynamic cardiomyoplasty is a relatively new surgical procedure proposed for treatment of severe myocardial failure ...
more infohttps://www.mendeley.com/research-papers/late-effects-cardiomyoplasty-left-ventricular-mechanics-diastolic-filling/

Cardiomyoplasty - WikipediaCardiomyoplasty - Wikipedia

Cardiomyoplasty is a surgical procedure in which healthy muscle from another part of the body is wrapped around the heart to ... Cardiomyoplasty is related to damaged myocardium remodeling. Tissue engineering, which is now being categorized as a form of ... To resume, stem cells and delivery routes aforementioned are suitable for cardiomyoplasty as demonstrated safe with some degree ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardiomyoplasty

Cellular cardiomyoplasty - WikipediaCellular cardiomyoplasty - Wikipedia

Cellular cardiomyoplasty, or cell-based cardiac repair, is a new potential therapeutic modality in which progenitor cells are ... between a group of patients treated with cellular cardiomyoplasty and a group of control patients. In this study, all patients ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cellular_cardiomyoplasty

Cellular cardiomyoplasty: a new hope in heart failure? | HeartCellular cardiomyoplasty: a new hope in heart failure? | Heart

... also called cardiomyoplasty techniques. The first of these is dynamic cardiomyoplasty, which uses the latissimus dorsi muscle ... 1998) Cellular cardiomyoplasty: state of the art, evaluation and future possibilities. Arch Mal Coeur 91:1429-1435. ... 1999) Cellular cardiomyoplasty improved diastolic properties of injured heart. J Surg Res 85:234-242. ... Another technique is molecular cardiomyoplasty, which is based on the transformation of non-myogenic into contractile cells or ...
more infohttp://heart.bmj.com/content/84/5/465

Nursing Care Plan - Cardiomyoplasty (Post-op) - Nursing CribNursing Care Plan - Cardiomyoplasty (Post-op) - Nursing Crib

Cardiomyoplasty is used when cardiac transplantation is not an option and the patient is asymptomatic at rest. The latissimus ... Nursing Care Plan - Cardiomyoplasty (Post-op). by Daisy Jane Antipuesto RN MN · July 5, 2012 ...
more infohttp://nursingcrib.com/nursing-care-plan/nursing-care-plan-cardiomyoplasty-post-op/

The use of gadolinium-carbon nanostructures to magnetically enhance stem cell retention for cellular cardiomyoplastyThe use of gadolinium-carbon nanostructures to magnetically enhance stem cell retention for cellular cardiomyoplasty

... ... during cellular cardiomyoplasty was evaluated. As a high-performance T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) cell tracking ... "The use of gadolinium-carbon nanostructures to magnetically enhance stem cell retention for cellular cardiomyoplasty." ... and value of using GNTs as a magnetic nanoparticle facilitator to improve cell retention during cellular cardiomyoplasty. ...
more infohttps://scholarship.rice.edu/handle/1911/79342

Dynamic   CardiomyoplastyDynamic Cardiomyoplasty

Dynamic cardiomyoplasty requires the use of a unique pacing device, the Cardiomyostimulator, which has not received final U.S. ... Dynamic cardiomyoplasty has been investigated as an alternative to medical therapy or as an alternative/bridge to heart ... Dynamic cardiomyoplasty. Cardiol Clin. 1995; 13(1):121-4. PMID: 7796426. 4. Silverman NA. Invited letter concerning: clinical ... Dynamic cardiomyoplasty is a surgical technique that uses paced, conditioned skeletal muscle to reinforce the failing heart. ...
more infohttp://www.medicalpolicy.hcsc.net/medicalpolicy/activePolicyPage?lid=jlur7js6&

Cardiomyoplasty)? - ?????   ?????????   ???????  999Cardiomyoplasty)? - ????? ????????? ??????? 999

???????????????? (Cardiomyoplasty) - ?????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????? , ??? ?????? ????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ???????.
more infohttp://www.tridevyatki.ru/lib/index.php?chapter=376&word=32974

Anatomical Rationale for Use of the Latissimus Dorsi Flap During the Cardiomyoplasty Operation - RADERMECKER MarcAnatomical Rationale for Use of the Latissimus Dorsi Flap During the Cardiomyoplasty Operation - RADERMECKER Marc

en] The cardiomyoplasty procedure involves the use of a transformed skeletal muscle to augment cardiac pump function or to ... This data is mandatory for the safe manipulation of the muscle flap during cardiomyoplasty. Thirty human latissimus dorsi flaps ... Reference : Anatomical Rationale for Use of the Latissimus Dorsi Flap During the Cardiomyoplasty .... ... Anatomical Rationale for Use of the Latissimus Dorsi Flap During the Cardiomyoplasty Operation. ...
more infohttps://orbi.uliege.be/handle/2268/131716

Cardiac Procedures and SurgeriesCardiac Procedures and Surgeries

Cardiomyoplasty, Heart Transplant, Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery, Radiofrequency Ablation, Stent Procedure, Transmyocardial ... Cardiomyoplasty What the Procedure Does. An experimental procedure in which skeletal muscles are taken from a patients back or ...
more infohttps://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/PreventionTreatmentofHeartAttack/Cardiac-Procedures-and-Surgeries_UCM_303939_Article.jsp

Cardiac Procedures and Surgeries | American Heart AssociationCardiac Procedures and Surgeries | American Heart Association

Cardiomyoplasty, Heart Transplant, Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery, Radiofrequency Ablation, Stent Procedure, Transmyocardial ... Cardiomyoplasty. What the Procedure Does. An experimental procedure in which skeletal muscles are taken from a patients back ...
more infohttps://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/heart-attack/treatment-of-a-heart-attack/cardiac-procedures-and-surgeries?s=q%253Dballoon%252520angioplasty%2526sort%253Drelevancy

Other Approaches | Jarvik Heart Inc.Other Approaches | Jarvik Heart Inc.

Cardiomyoplasty. Cardiomyoplasty involves the removal of muscle tissue from one part of the patients body, such as the back, ... In a typical cardiomyoplasty procedure, the patients latissimus dorsi muscle is removed and wrapped around the heart as a kind ... Cardiomyoplasty, cell therapy and gene therapy are highly experimental treatment methods that seek to slow the progression of ... Recent improved outcomes with better stimulator technology may offer hope for cardiomyoplasty as a treatment option, but only a ...
more infohttps://www.jarvikheart.com/treatment-options/other-approaches/

September-October 1997 - Volume 43 - Issue 5 : ASAIO JournalSeptember-October 1997 - Volume 43 - Issue 5 : ASAIO Journal

Cardiomyoplasty: Hemodynamic Benefit to Normal and Depressed Canine Left Ventricular Function. CHIANG, BENJAMIN B. Y.; ALI, ... First Experimental Study on Minimally Invasive Aortomyoplasty and Cardiomyoplasty. MESANA, THIERRY G.; FERZOCO, STEPHEN J.; ...
more infohttps://journals.lww.com/asaiojournal/toc/1997/09000

Cardiac Side Population Cells and Sca-1-Positive Cells | SpringerLinkCardiac Side Population Cells and Sca-1-Positive Cells | SpringerLink

In: Kao R. (eds) Cellular Cardiomyoplasty. Methods in Molecular Biology (Methods and Protocols), vol 1036. Humana Press, Totowa ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/protocol/10.1007%2F978-1-62703-511-8_5

Patent US7641608 - Sectional cardiac support device and method of delivery - Google PatentsPatent US7641608 - Sectional cardiac support device and method of delivery - Google Patents

Two-stage cardiomyoplasty. US5611515. Apr 5, 1993. Mar 18, 1997. Boston Scientic Corporation. Bladder neck suspension procedure ... Oh et al., "The Effects Of Prosthetic Cardiac Binding And Adynamic Cardiomyoplasty In A Model Of Dilated Cardiomyopathy", The ... Kass et al., "Reverse Remodeling From Cardiomyoplasty in Human Heart Failure", Circulation, vol. 91, No. 9, pp. 2314-2318 (May ... Capouya et al., "Girdling Effect of Nonstimulated Cardiomyoplasty on Left Ventricular Function", The Society of Thoracic ...
more infohttp://www.google.com/patents/US7641608?dq=5,832,511

Patent US6749556 - Electroactive polymer based artificial sphincters and artificial muscle patches - Google PatentsPatent US6749556 - Electroactive polymer based artificial sphincters and artificial muscle patches - Google Patents

Two-step cardiomyoplasty with ventricular reduction. US5800528. Dec 29, 1995. Sep 1, 1998. Abiomed R & D, Inc.. Passive girdle ... Two-stage cardiomyoplasty. US5631040. May 19, 1995. May 20, 1997. Ngk Insulators, Ltd.. Method of fabricating a piezoelectric/ ... However, even though cardiomyoplasty has demonstrated symptomatic improvement, studies suggest the procedure only minimally ... Another technique for the treatment for late stage congestive heart failure is a cardiomyoplasty procedure. In this procedure, ...
more infohttp://www.google.com/patents/US6749556?dq=5311516

Factitious Angiogenesis: Not so Factitious Anymore? The Role of Angiogenic Processes in the Endothelialization of Artificial...Factitious Angiogenesis: Not so Factitious Anymore? The Role of Angiogenic Processes in the Endothelialization of Artificial...

In Cardiomyoplasty (eds. A. Carpentier, J.C. Chachques and P.A. Grandjean), Bakken Reserach Center Series, volume 3, Futura ... In Biomechanical cardiac assist: cardiomyoplasty and muscle powered devices (ed. R.C.-J. Chiu), Futura Pub.Co., pp. 19-28. ... Introduction to the history and development of skeletal muscle plasticity and its clinical application to cardiomyoplasty and ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4757-9188-4_36

Patent EP1520519A1 - Heart wall tension reduction apparatus and method - Google PatentsPatent EP1520519A1 - Heart wall tension reduction apparatus and method - Google Patents

Cardiomyoplasty includes wrapping the heart with skeletal muscle and electrically stimulating the muscle to contract ... There are at least three surgical procedures for treatment of heart failure: 1) heart transplant; 2) dynamic cardiomyoplasty; ...
more infohttp://www.google.ca/patents/EP1520519A1

Stem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells, Volume 2 - Stem Cells and Cancer | M.A. Hayat | SpringerStem Cells and Cancer Stem Cells, Volume 2 - Stem Cells and Cancer | M.A. Hayat | Springer

Therapeutic use of stem cells and cancer stem cells Repair of damaged tissues Cardiomyoplasty and osteogenic induction Use of ... Cardiomyoplasty and osteogenic induction. *Use of stem cells for developing in vitro disease modeling ...
more infohttp://www.springer.com/us/book/9789400720152

Splint assembly for improving cardiac function in hearts, and method for implanting the splint assembly - Myocor, Inc.Splint assembly for improving cardiac function in hearts, and method for implanting the splint assembly - Myocor, Inc.

Cardiomyoplasty involves wrapping the heart with skeletal muscle and electrically stimulating the muscle to contract ... Lucas et al., "Long-Term Follow-Up (12 to 35 Weeks) After Dynamic Cardiomyoplasty," JACC, vol. 22, No. 3, Sep. 1993:758-67. ; ... Ianuzzo et al., "Preservation of the Latissimus Dorsi Muscle During Cardiomyoplasty Surgery," J. Card. Surg., 1996:11:99-108. ; ... Chachques et al., "Latissimus Dorsi Dynamic Cardiomyoplasty," Ann. Thorac. Surg., 1989:47:600-604. ;1989:47:600-604. Moreira et ...
more infohttp://www.freepatentsonline.com/6537198.html
  • Cardiomyoplasty is used when cardiac transplantation is not an option and the patient is asymptomatic at rest. (nursingcrib.com)
  • This lack of effect on mortality may be related to the fact that cardiomyoplasty does not address the underlying cardiac pathology, and patients remain at risk for lethal arrhythmias, a major cause of death in patients with congestive heart failure. (hcsc.net)
  • In Biomechanical cardiac assist: cardiomyoplasty and muscle powered devices (ed. (springer.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our detailed evaluation of left ventricular mechanics demonstrates that cardiomyoplasty has significant multiple beneficial effects on dilated myopathic heart. (mendeley.com)
  • Furnary and colleagues reported on a multicenter trial of cardiomyoplasty in 68 patients, comparing outcomes to a non-randomized group of patients with heart failure. (hcsc.net)
  • It should also be noted that this study focused on patients with Class III heart failure, since prior studies had shown an unacceptably high mortality rate among patients with Class IV heart failure undergoing cardiomyoplasty. (hcsc.net)
  • A large, randomized clinical trial of cardiomyoplasty in New York Heart Association class III patients was prematurely terminated because of poor enrollment and modest clinical benefit. (hcsc.net)
  • For these reasons, cardiomyoplasty is no longer performed for the management of heart failure (HF). (hcsc.net)