A family of bivalve MOLLUSKS with heart-shaped shells, commonly known as cockles. Unlike most BIVALVES, cockles are hermaphroditic.
A class in the phylum MOLLUSCA comprised of mussels; clams; OYSTERS; COCKLES; and SCALLOPS. They are characterized by a bilaterally symmetrical hinged shell and a muscular foot used for burrowing and anchoring.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
The hard rigid covering of animals including MOLLUSCS; TURTLES; INSECTS; and crustaceans.
A family of marine MUSSELS in the class BIVALVIA.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of organisms which inhabit the OCEANS AND SEAS.
Enzymes that catalyze the joining of glutamine-derived ammonia and another molecule. The linkage is in the form of a carbon-nitrogen bond. EC 6.3.5.
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Computer processing of a language with rules that reflect and describe current usage rather than prescribed usage.
A superfamily of nematodes of the order RHABDITIDA. Characteristics include an open tube stoma and an excretory system with lateral canals.
An inland sea between Europe and Asia. It is connected with the Aegean Sea by the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
An order of mostly marine CRUSTACEA containing more than 5500 species in over 100 families. Like ISOPODA, the other large order in the superorder Peracarida, members are shrimp-like in appearance, have sessile compound eyes, and no carapace. But unlike Isopoda, they possess thoracic gills and their bodies are laterally compressed.
A plant genus of the family MYRSINACEAE. Members contain ardisiacrispins (oleanane triterpenoid saponins), ardicrenin, and cyclamiretin.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)
A profound state of unconsciousness associated with depressed cerebral activity from which the individual cannot be aroused. Coma generally occurs when there is dysfunction or injury involving both cerebral hemispheres or the brain stem RETICULAR FORMATION.
Parliamentary democracy located between France on the northeast and Portugual on the west and bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea.
A vine (Uncaria tomentosa) indigenous to the Amazon rainforest whose name is derived from its hook-like thorns. It contains oxindole alkaloids and glycosides and has many medicinal uses.
Any of the numerous types of clay which contain varying proportions of Al2O3 and SiO2. They are made synthetically by heating aluminum fluoride at 1000-2000 degrees C with silica and water vapor. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
A colloidal, hydrated aluminum silicate that swells 12 times its dry size when added to water.
Relocating a patient to a CLIMATE more suitable for health or for management of a health condition.
A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.
Flagellate EUKARYOTES, found mainly in the oceans. They are characterized by the presence of transverse and longitudinal flagella which propel the organisms in a rotating manner through the water. Dinoflagellida were formerly members of the class Phytomastigophorea under the old five kingdom paradigm.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic BACTERIA consisting of short chains of rods. It has been isolated from the PHARYNX of healthy individuals and patients with ENDOCARDITIS. There are several recognized subspecies.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that is an ingredient of the preparation PC-SPES that is used to treat PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Aquatic invertebrates belonging to the phylum MOLLUSCA or the subphylum CRUSTACEA, and used as food.
Poisoning from toxins present in bivalve mollusks that have been ingested. Four distinct types of shellfish poisoning are recognized based on the toxin involved.
Cultivation of natural faunal resources of water. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Toxic or poisonous substances elaborated by marine flora or fauna. They include also specific, characterized poisons or toxins for which there is no more specific heading, like those from poisonous FISHES.
A family of marine mollusks in the class BIVALVIA, commonly known as oysters. They have a rough irregular shell closed by a single adductor muscle.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.

Interaction between non-specific electrostatic forces and humoral factors in haemocyte attachment and encapsulation in the edible cockle, Cerastoderma edule. (1/7)

In invertebrates, encapsulation is the common immune defence reaction towards foreign bodies, including multicellular parasites, which enter the haemocoel and are too large to be phagocytosed. This immune response has been most extensively studied in insects, in which it is highly complex, involving a diversity of cellular and molecular processes, but little is known of this process in bivalve molluscs. Non-specific physicochemical properties are known to influence parasite-haemocyte interactions in many invertebrates, and these may provide the common basis of encapsulation on which highly specific biochemical interactions are imposed. The present study uses synthetic beads and thread to mimic inactive metacercarial cysts of trematodes, and thus investigates factors involved in the basic, non-specific mechanisms of cell attachment and encapsulation in the edible cockle, Cerastoderma edule. Results showed that positively charged targets stimulated the most vigorous response, and further detailed experiments revealed that non-specific electrostatic forces and humoral plasma factors have a synergistic role in haemocyte attachment and the encapsulation response of C. edule.  (+info)

Effect of temperature on emergence, survival and infectivity of cercariae of the marine trematode Renicola roscovita (Digenea: Renicolidae). (2/7)

Marine bivalves harbour a diversity of trematode parasites affecting population and community dynamics of their hosts. Although ecologically and economically important, factors influencing transmission between first (snail) and second (bivalve) intermediate hosts have rarely been studied in marine systems. In laboratory experiments, the effect of temperature (10, 15, 20, 25 degrees C) was investigated on (1) emergence from snails, (2) survival outside hosts and (3) infectivity in second intermediate hosts of cercariae of the trematode Renicola roscovita (Digenea: Renicolidae), a major parasite in North Sea bivalves. Emergence of cercariae peaked at 20 degrees C (2609 +/- 478 cercariae snail(-1) 120 h(-1)) and was considerably lower at 10 degrees C (80 +/- 79), 15 degrees C (747 +/- 384) and 25 degrees C (1141 +/- 334). Survival time decreased with increasing temperature, resulting in 50% mortality of the cercariae after 32.8 +/- 0.6 h (10 degrees C), 26.8 +/- 0.8 h (15 degrees C), 20.2 +/- 0.5 h (20 degrees C) and 16.6 +/- 0.3 h (25 degrees C ). Infectivity of R. roscovita cercariae in cockles Cerastoderma edule increased with increasing temperature and was highest at 25 degrees C (42.6 +/- 3.9%). However, mesocosm experiments with infected snails and cockle hosts in small aquaria, integrating cercarial emergence, survival and infectivity, showed highest infection of cockles at 20 degrees C (415 +/- 115 metacercariae host(-1)), indicating 20 degrees C to be the optimum temperature for transmission of this species. A field experiment showed metacercariae of R. roscovita to appear in C. edule with rising water temperature in April; highest infection rates were in August, when the water temperature reached 20 degrees C. Since another trematode species (Himasthla elongata; Digenea: Echinostomatidae) occurring at the experimental site showed a similar temporal pattern, trematode transmission to second intermediate bivalve hosts may peak during especially warm (> or = 20 degrees C) summers in the variable climate regime of the North Sea.  (+info)

Novel plasmid-encoded ceftazidime-hydrolyzing CTX-M-53 extended-spectrum beta-lactamase from Salmonella enterica serotypes Westhampton and Senftenberg. (3/7)

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In-house validation of a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method for the analysis of lipophilic marine toxins in shellfish using matrix-matched calibration. (4/7)

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Modelling shellfish growth with dynamic energy budget models: an application for cockles and mussels in the Oosterschelde (southwest Netherlands). (5/7)

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Phylogenetic study and barcoding of the blood cockle, Tegillarca granosa, found on the west coast of peninsular Malaysia using the COI gene. (6/7)

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Utilization of molecular markers for the conservation of blood cockles, Anadara granosa (Arcidae). (7/7)

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U-Pb dating of the common iron-oxide hematite (α-Fe2O3), using laser-ablation inductively-coupled-plasma mass-spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS), provides unparalleled insight into the timing and processes of mineral deposit formation. Until now, the full potential of this method has been negatively impacted by the lack of suitable matrix-matched standards. To achieve matrix-matching, we report an approach in which a U-Pb solution and ablated material from 99.99% synthetic hematite are simultaneously mixed in a nebulizer chamber and introduced to the ICP-MS. The standard solution contains fixed U- and Pb-isotope ratios, calibrated independently, and aspiration of the isotopically homogeneous solution negates the need for a matrix-matched, isotopically homogenous natural iron-oxide standard. An additional advantage of using the solution is that the individual U-Pb concentrations and isotope ratios can be adjusted to approximate that in the unknown, making the method efficient for dating hematite containing low (
By Michelle Trauring Advocates looking to establish a largely symbolic religious boundary in western Southampton Town filed a civil rights lawsuit in federal court last week, alleging that local elected officials are discriminating against Jewish people by blocking the boundarys establishment.. The East End Eruv Association, a non-profit group that has been pushing for the establishment of the boundary, called an eruv, since last year, and a handful of local residents are listed as plaintiffs in the lawsuit that was filed last Thursday, January 13, in U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of New York in Brooklyn. Among its requests, the lawsuit demands that Westhampton Beach and Quogue villages, as well as Southampton Town, drop all objections to the boundarys establishment.. On Tuesday, the Long Island Power Authority and Verizon filed their own joint lawsuit in the same federal court, also naming both villages and the town as defendants. The lawsuit asks the court to order the ...
By Michelle Trauring It took a jury less than 90 minutes to acquit former Southampton Town Supervisor Linda Kabot of DWI on Friday afternoon, following a five-day trial in Riverhead Town Justice Court.. Ms. Kabot, who lost her reelection bid two months after being arrested on Labor Day 2009 in Westhampton Beach, was also acquitted of a lesser charge of driving while ability was impaired by alcohol. She was also found not guilty of failing to maintain her lane.. The lone guilty verdict was for a failing to stop for a stop sign, a traffic violation.. My prayers were answered today, said Quogue resident Ms. Kabot, 43, minutes after she was found not guilty of both alcohol-related charges by the six-person jury. Im just so glad this matter has come to a close. Im looking forward to the next step of my life, she continued, wiping tears from her eyes.. She declined to comment about her future plans-or whether or not she would seek political office again.. When Westhampton Beach Village Police ...
See details about schools in the Westhampton Beach Union Free School District. This year, Westhampton Beach Union Free School District jumped 82 slots in our statewide ranking, and ranks better than 79.7% districts in New York.
The Biodiversity Heritage Library works collaboratively to make biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.
Cyclic imines are lipophilic marine toxins that bioaccumulate in seafood. Their structure comprises a cyclic-imino moiety, responsible for acute neurotoxicity in mice. Cyclic imines have not been linked yet to human poisonings and are not regulated in Europe, although the European Food Safety Authority requires more data to perform a conclusive risk assessment for consumers. This work presents the first detection of pinnatoxin G (PnTX-G) in Spain and 13-desmethyl spirolide C (SPX-1) in shellfish from Catalonia (Spain, NW Mediterranean Sea). Cyclic imines were found at low concentrations (2 to 60 µg/kg) in 13 samples of mussels and oysters (22 samples analyzed). Pinnatoxin G has been also detected in 17 seawater samples (out of 34) using solid phase adsorption toxin tracking devices (0.3 to 0.9 µg/kg-resin). Pinnatoxin G and SPX-1 were confirmed with both low and high resolution (<2 ppm) mass spectrometry by comparison of the response with that from reference standards. For other analogs without
Abstract. A new biophysical model SURFATM-NH3, simulating the ammonia (NH3) exchange between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere is presented. SURFATM-NH3 consists of two coupled models: (i) an energy budget model and (ii) a pollutant exchange model, which distinguish the soil and plant exchange processes. The model describes the exchanges in terms of adsorption to leaf cuticles and bi-directional transport through leaf stomata and soil. The results of the model are compared with the flux measurements over grassland during the GRAMINAE Integrated Experiment at Braunschweig, Germany. The dataset of GRAMINAE allows the model to be tested in various meteorological and agronomic conditions: prior to cutting, after cutting and then after the application of mineral fertilizer. The whole comparison shows close agreement between model and measurements for energy budget and ammonia fluxes. The major controls on the ground and plant emission potential are the physicochemical parameters for ...
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Serpa D, Pousão-Ferreira P, Caetano M, da Fonseca LCancela, Dinis MTeresa, Duarte P. A coupled biogeochemical-Dynamic Energy Budget model as a tool for managing fish production ponds. Sci Total Environ. 2013;463-464:861-74. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.06.090 ...
Understanding connections between physical environment and evolutionary pattern involves documenting the relationships between evolutionary tempo, phenotypic variability, and environmental variability. Different theories, however, make different predictions about these relationships, and various studies have produced a range of results. We compare evolutionary tempo and mode in marine mollusks from the Late Cretaceous representative of a greenhouse climate regime, which was climatically relatively stable (i.e., less frequently/rapidly changing) and the Late Neogene representative of a climatically less stable icehouse climate regime. We examined species of the bivalve family Cardiidae and the gastropod family Turritellidae from the Late Cretaceous of the North American Western Interior Seaway (WIS) and Gulf Coastal Plain, and the Plio-Pleistocene of southern Florida. We studied two species of turritellids from the Cretaceous (Turritella kansasensis, T. codellana) and two from the Neogene (T. ...
additional source Poorten, J.J. ter, 2009. The Cardiidae of the Panglao Marine Biodiversity Project 2004 and the Panglao 2005 Deep-Sea Cruise with descriptions of four new species (Bivalvia). Vita Malacologica 8: 9-96 [21 November 2009] . Available online at http://dare.uva.nl/record/340850, available online at http://dare.uva.nl/record/340850 [details] ...
More than 3,000 runners participated in the first-ever Survival Race 5K mud run to take place at the 4-H Camp in Riverhead Saturday.. One event staffer said it was the largest number of participants in two years of running the race in various locations.. It was good, said William Waller of East Patchogue, who ran the race with his wife, Michelle, and friends. I would do it again, but I would like the mud pit to be longer.. Mr. Waller said his crew ran the race to raise money for Childrens Heart Foundation of New York City.. The 5K mud run course was created by Dean Del Prete of Westhampton, also owner of Cousins Paintball in Calverton.. This is crazy, Mr. Del Prete said Saturday morning. I love watching people have fun. Its a great way to make a living.. In the first wave of the day, Dan Broadbent of Center Moriches came in at 26:08 and the first female was Amanda McDonnell with a time of 31 minutes.. But the races were more about having fun and getting muddy than they were about ...
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While Im not exactly the target audience for Empire, I wish the filmmakers nothing but the best. Really, my only reservation is that projects like this embolden other would-be filmmakers whose connection to the subject matter is more tenuous and contrived. Even though Im not interested in watching people do tricks on fixed-gears or ride slightly closer to buses than is advisable (apart from the unintentional comic factor of course), Ill certainly acknowledge that these are people who know each-other and ride together in real life. In that sense at least the scene is genuine. No, the real trouble starts when you have to troll for riders on Craigslist, as in this posting which was forwarded to me by a reader ...
While Im not exactly the target audience for Empire, I wish the filmmakers nothing but the best. Really, my only reservation is that projects like this embolden other would-be filmmakers whose connection to the subject matter is more tenuous and contrived. Even though Im not interested in watching people do tricks on fixed-gears or ride slightly closer to buses than is advisable (apart from the unintentional comic factor of course), Ill certainly acknowledge that these are people who know each-other and ride together in real life. In that sense at least the scene is genuine. No, the real trouble starts when you have to troll for riders on Craigslist, as in this posting which was forwarded to me by a reader ...
One of the most striking things one notices after studying Kirbys work over time is his use of interior and most dramatically architectural shapes to give greater power to his compositions. Kirby used this method fairly early on, but he was focusing most of his attention on figures, and the backgrounds that he used to amplify the motion of his characters were generally given short shrift. Still, the use of the rooms interior here does provide more dynamic energy to Cap and Buckys scuffle with the gangsters. When Bucky throws the vase, Kirby uses a simple one point perspective treatment of bricks to give the panel more impact.. ...
Theres nothing like a baby-related tale to warm the cockles of your heart, is there? And weve had some wonderful stories when it comes to heart-melters this year; from children rescued from perilous...
Among the potential biotic factors affecting population dynamics, parasitism has received relatively little attention. The purpose of this study was to inventory marine bivalve parasites and to investigate relations between different parasite communities. Five intertidal stations along the French Atlantic shore were studied between Brittany and Arcachon Bay. Two bivalves (the edible cockle, Cerastoderma edule, and the Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum) were sampled and examined. The parasites included a bacterium (Vibrio tapetis), a protozoan (Perkinsus sp.), and digenetic trematode metacercariae (10 species). Perkinsus sp. prevalence and density in clams were higher than those measured in cockles (30 250 vs. 36 cells g−1 of gill wet weight, respectively) while digeneans were more common in cockles (46 metacercariae per cockle host vs. 1 per clam host). Distributions of digeneans and Perkinsus sp. were similar along the Atlantic shore. However, at each sampling station and at the individual scale,
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identify an effect on assimilation as the mode of action for uranium, in agreement with important damages in the integrity of intestinal epithelium observed by optic microscopy. Integrating results in a dynamic energy budget model (DEBtox) yielded estimated no effect concentrations (NEC) of 9.37, 8.21 and 2.31 µgU.L-1 above which organism functions were altered in generations F0, F1 and F2, respectively. Combining DEBtox with matrix models allowed us to extrapolate consequences on asymptotic population growth rate (λ), a relevant endpoint in an ecological context. Simulations predicted an increase in uranium impact across generations with reduction of λ in F0 and population extinctions at 51-59 µgU.L-1 in F1 and 39-41 µgU.L-1 in F2. Simulations emphasized the importance of considering the ...
PURPOSE: To determine the cellular and molecular mechanism of cytotoxicity induced by Haishengsu (HSS), nature extract from Tegillarca granosa, toward human ovarian cancer cell lines SKOV-3 and OVCAR-3. METHODS: The cytotoxic effects of HSS on two ov
Carballal, M.J., D. Iglesias, J. Santamarina, B. Ferro-Soto and A. Villalba. 2001. Parasites and pathologic conditions of the cockle Cerastoderma edule populations of the coast of Galicia (NW Spain). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 78: 87-97.. Comtet, T., C. Garcia, Y. Le Coguic and J.P. Joly. 2003. Infection of the cockle Cerastoderma edule in the Baie des Veys (France) by the microsporidian parasite Steinhausia sp. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 57: 135-139.. da Silva, P.M., A.R.M. Magalhães and M.A. Barracco. 2012. Pathologies in commercial bivalve species from Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 92: 571-579.. Farley, C.A. 1977. Neoplasms in estuarine mollusks and approaches to ascertain causes. In: Kraybill, H.F., C.J. Dawe, J.C. Harshbarger, R.G. Tardiff (eds.) Aquatic Pollutants and Biologic Effects with Emphasis on Neoplasia, Vol. 298. The New York Academy of Sciences, New York. pp. 225-232.. López, M.C., A. Villalba ...
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p>An evidence describes the source of an annotation, e.g. an experiment that has been published in the scientific literature, an orthologous protein, a record from another database, etc.,/p> ,p>,a href=/manual/evidences>More…,/a>,/p> ...
We successfully tested a Dynamic Energy Budget (DEB) model of the oyster Crassostrea gigas using published environmental data and growth data collected in Than lagoon (France). Estimates of most DEB...
CRM-FDMT1 is a freeze-dried mussel tissue (Mytilus edulis) containing a range of lipophilic marine toxins as well as domoic acid. CRM-FDMT1 is distributed in amber glass bottles, each containing 3 g of freeze-dried powder. It is recommended that the powder is reconstituted with water before use. Each bottle of CRM-FDMT1 contains enough material for approximately eight uses.. Certified toxin levels and associated uncertainties have been assigned for domoic acid, azaspiracid-1, -2 and -3, okadaic acid, dinophysistoxin-1 and -2, yessotoxin, pectenotoxin-2, and 13-desmethylspirolide C. Information values are also provided for a range of other toxin analogues in CRM FDMT1. The CRM is designed to test the accuracy of sample preparation procedures and liquid chromatography experiments for the analysis of multiple toxins ...
Defnyddir yr enw cocsen, neun fwy cyffredin y lluosog cocos, am un o nifer o rywogaethau yn y teulu Cardiidae. Fei ceir o gwmpas y traethau ym mhob un o foroedd y byd, or Arctig ir trofannau. Ceir 14 o rywogaethau yng ngorllewin Ewrop yn unig. Y fwyaf cyffredin yw Cerastoderma edule, y gocsen gyffredin.. Molwsgiaid sydd a chragen mewn dwy ran yw cocos, gydar gragen yn gron fel rheol. Maent yn byw o gwmpas y traethau, gan gloddio i mewn ir mwd. Plancton yw ei bwyd; maent yn tynnu dŵr y môr i mewn ir gragen ai ridyllu i gael y plancton allan ohono.. Ystyrir cocos yn dda iw bwyta, a cheir diwydiant hel cocos pwysig ar hyd yr arfordir mewn llawer gwlad. Yng Nghymru, cysylltir hel cocos yn fwyaf arbennig a phentref Penclawdd ar benrhyn Gŵyr, ond ar un adeg roedd yn ddiwydiant pwysig mewn llawer man ar hyd yr arfordir, er enghraifft o gwmpas Bae Caerfyrddin, glannau Dyfrdwy a Traeth Lafan. Erbyn hyn mae gor-gasglu yn broblem, a chedwir llawer or gwelyau cocos ar gau am gyfnodau hir. Pan ...
Ministry of Agriculture, adjusted Chinese and global aquaculture production statistics and reflected these in its databases, time series and subsequent analysis. While acknowledging that meat or shucked weight may be appropriate units for expressing production, the standard practice of FAO and other international fishery organisations is to report aquatic production as nominal catch which is the live weight equivalent. When the production of species reported to FAO is known to be given as dry or shelled weight, appropriate conversion factors are applied to convert these to live weight equivalent to ensure international comparability. In the case of China, the FAO statistics for three shellfish species: the blood cockle, Japanese carpet shell, Pacific cupped oyster and unclassified marine molluscs, were adjusted from shucked to live weight equivalents using conversion factors of 1.35, 2.13, 6.11 and 2.13, respectively, provided by the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture. The implication of ...
status source Poorten, J.J. ter, Kirkendale, L.A. & Poutiers, J.-M. (2017). The Cardiidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia) of tropical northern Australia: A synthesis of taxonomy, biodiversity and biogeography with the description of four new species. ,em,Records of the Western Australia Museum.,/em, 32 (2): 101-190., available online at https://doi.org/10.18195/issn.0312-3162.32(2).2017.101-190 [details] ...
To see the link with the standard DEB model (with which most contributions in this issue deal), it helps to realize that DEB models for dividing unicellular organisms represent both a simplification and an extension. Biomass is (formally) partitioned into one structure and a number of reserves that is typically equal to the types of substrates (CQ nutrients) that are taken up independently from the environment; substrates are converted to reserves and mobilized reserves are used for all other metabolic needs (maintenance, growth, maturation). The metabolic pools (reserves, structure) are supposed to have a constant chemical composition (strong homeostasis). Cells growing in (chemically) constant environments do not change in composition (weak homeostasis). The requirement for weak homeostasis fully specifies the mobilization fluxes (Sousa et al. 2008). After subtraction of the reserve-specific somatic maintenance costs, the remaining fluxes are converted to structure using the merging rules of ...
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Pronounced seasonal cycles in the rates of oxygen consumption and feeding were found for Cardium (=Cerastoderma) edule L. measured in the field under ambient conditions. The cockles had a maximum rate of oxygen consumption (0.89 ml O2 g-1 h-1) in April which declined to a minimum of 0.35 ml O2 g-1 h-1 in March. Their feeding rate was variable but had a maximum value (3.91 l g-1 h-1) in April and a minimum value (0.73 l g-1 h-1) in October. There was no apparent seasonal variation in absorption efficiency, with a mean value of 67.6%. Gametogenesis was initiated in January and the population reached a peak in reproductive condition in April/May, followed by a 3 month spawning period. Carbohydrate reserves were synthesised during spawning, and were then utilised during the winter and early spring. An adaptive function for a reduction in time spent feeding is postulated, and correlations between the rates of certain physiological processes and some exogenous and endogenous variables are ...
How to cook fish. Every cooking method for fish explained. Practical examples, recipes and which type and cut of fish to use to achieve the best results.
The distribution of this species is imperfectly known because of frequent confusion with other species of the genus (Ref. 348). Found in intertidal areas, in mud and sand, (Ref. 75831) and shallow sublittoral waters (Ref. 348). In sheltered bays and estuaries (Ref. 348). Members of the class Bivalvia are mostly gonochoric, some are protandric hermaphrodites. Life cycle: Embryos develop into free-swimming trocophore larvae, succeeded by the bivalve veliger, resembling a miniature clam (Ref. 833). ...
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Egbivwie, N., Cockle, J. V., Humphries, M., Ismail, A., Esteves, F., Taylor, C., Karakoula, K., Morton, R., Warr, T., Short, S. C. & Brüning-Richardson, A., 13 Mar 2019, In : Frontiers in oncology. 9, 17 p., 103.. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article ...
I tend to lurk on their forums from time to time and I got to say this is possibly one of the funniest responses in awhile; This is what Daxxari has stated for those who rolled on a PVP realm and are crying about being ganked multiple times by a obviously higher level player This is going to sound weird, and while I do empathize with the frustration thats being expressed in this thread, this conversation still warms the cockles of my black little heart. Why? Because for too long there
The species page of Lolium temulentum. Also know as darnel, poison darnel, darnel ryegrass, cockle (German: Taumel-Lolch, Rauschgras). Information about genome files, completeness, GC-content, size, N50-values, and sequencing methods are listed.
Over a decade since I was last in London, and only one night (a Monday, at that) to take in its burgeoning dining scene. I have been keeping my eye on The Ledbury for some time - chef-patron Brett Graham has a cooking voice that resonates with me. We had to visit. We made the short trek from our hotel by Paddington station to sleepy Notting Hill in the dark of a chilly Autumn night - what we ate certainly warmed our cockles ...
An ear of corn. Corncockle originated in Oxfordshire, England in the Iron Age. 1.Knawel 2.Spurrey 3.Field Chickweed 4.Nightflowering Catchfly 5.Chickweed 6.Corn Cockle 6a. In a classic summer scare story, the Telegraph has accused the BBC of spreading poison across the land after Countryfile offered viewers free â ¦ As the seed is short lived once in the soil, it is probably best to avoid sowing in winter or early summer. The seeds of the plant are poisonous so handle with care. On our site you can get for free 20 of high-quality images. Seedling of Corn Cockle - EN23JY from Alamys library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Evidence suggests that it was first brought to Britain from Europe by Iron Age farmers, some 2,400 years ago. I hope that you enjoyed this guide on Agrostemma. Use individual peat pots or seed-starting cells to avoid root disturbance. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Agrostemma githago ALTERNATE NAME: Corn cockle Buy Wildflowers 1Knawel 2Spurrey 3Field ...
(Bay Shore, New York) - Following the success of its three previous events, Alzheimers Disease Resource Center, Inc. (ADRC) is holding its 2015 East End Walk for Alzheimers and Fall Festival at the Village Green (intersection of Main Street and Mill Road) in Westhampton Beach.
In this study, the diversity of bacterial isolates from paddy soil located in several rice growing areas of Peninsular Malaysia was evaluated. Phenotypic and physiological characteristics of the isolates were recorded to categorize and identify the bacteria. Ten strains of bacteria were recovered from six different locations (Alor Bakat, Kg. Seligi, Bachok, Kelantan; Sekinchan, Selangor; Kobah, Kedah; and Sg. Batu Pahat, Perlis). The spread-plate technique on nutrient agar at pH 7.0 was used to isolate and purify all the strains. The characteristic of the bacteria strains were determined using the Gram staining, motility test, as well as the shape and size of the single colony on solid media. From the various tests conducted, nine isolates were identified as Gram-positive rods, and only one was Gram-negative cocci. Further biochemical tests were carried out to determine the ability of these bacteria strains to hydrolyze starch, casein and gelatine, ferment carbohydrate (glucose, lactose and ...
KateD,. I went to the Extraordinary Form this past Sunday, and the Gospel was also appropriate: Matt. 13:24-30 - the parable of the cockle being sown amongst the wheat. Thats one of the truths of this world - we will always have the cockle sown amongst the wheat. You can certainly say that about our choices this election, although I would say one side is all cockle and the other side at least has some wheat mixed in with the unpalatable parts.. KateD, I think I have a different perspective which Id like to offer. Our political leaders have been rotten for years and years and years. The political class has been just as immoral, crass, and godless as Trump appears for decades. People held their noses and votes for McCain and for Romney, but they were no more sincerely Christian than Trump. The only difference is that they were willing to lie and pretend and dance in front of us and claim they were really devout Chrsitians whereas Trump doesnt try to hide his many personal warts.. Republicans, ...
A system for assessing energy usage reads read at least one computer-aided design (CAD) file relating to the architecture of a facility and extracts information from the CAD file for use in determining static energy characteristics corresponding to the architecture of the facility, acquires information for use in determining dynamic energy characteristics of the facility, and calculates a predicted energy usage of the facility based at least in part on the static and dynamic energy characteristics. The system further acquires data from at least one sensor configured to measure actual energy usage of the facility in real-time and calculates the actual energy usage of the facility. When the actual energy usage exceeds the predicted energy usage, the system transmits an alert to a user and determines corrective measures to reduce energy usage.
Which? UK reviews the top car dashboard cameras and helps you choose the best buy dash cam or budget model with gps, parking mode or night vision
Solar Industry offers industry participants probing, comprehensive assessments of the technology, tools and trends that are driving this dynamic energy sector. From raw materials straight through to end-user applications, we capture and analyze the critical details that help professionals stay current and navigate the solar market ...
Solar Industry offers industry participants probing, comprehensive assessments of the technology, tools and trends that are driving this dynamic energy sector. From raw materials straight through to end-user applications, we capture and analyze the critical details that help professionals stay current and navigate the solar market ...
Most of the Super Bowl XLVIII ads sought to invoke fuzzy feelings that would warm the cockles of consumer hearts, according to Stuart Elliott of the N.Y. TIMES. A Heinz ketchup commercial by Cramer-Krasselt encouraged consumers to hum, If Youre Happy and You Know It. The queen of nice, tal
It was not manito who made this trash to curse the human race, but vatipa the black, who rules below-he changed the blood of innocence and tears of pity into gold, and strewed it wide oer lands where still the murderer digs and the deceptious delve, to find the cockle out and pick it up, but laughs the while to see what fools they are, and how himself has foiled the spirit of good, that made mankind erst friends and brothers.. ...
Cardiidae. Conchiglia, 19(232-233):16-17 Richmond M.D.(editor), 1997, A Guide to the Seashores of Eastern Africa and Western ...
Cardiidae indet. Gastropods Agapilia picta Bullia hungarica Calyptraea chinensis Cochlis tigrina Euspira helicina Granulolabium ...
... is a taxonomic superfamily of saltwater clams, marine bivalve molluscs consisting of the extant Cardiidae (cockles) ... These families are assigned to Cardioidea: Family: Cardiidae Lamarck, 1809 Subfamily Cardiinae Lamarck, 1809 Subfamily ... Cardiidae Lamarck, 1809. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails ...
Although many small edible bivalves are loosely called cockles, true cockles are species in the family Cardiidae. True cockles ... Retrieved 2012-10-13.[permanent dead link] "Cardiidae (Cockles)". Shells.tricity.wsu.edu. Archived from the original on 2012-03 ... Genera within the family Cardiidae include: Acanthocardia Acrosterigma Dall, 1900 Americardia Cerastoderma Clinocardium ... Cockles in the family Cardiidae are sometimes referred to as "true cockles" to distinguish them from these other species. There ...
Soo, Pamela; Todd, Peter A. (2014-10-02). "The behaviour of giant clams (Bivalvia: Cardiidae: Tridacninae)". Marine Biology. ... Cardiidae: Tridacninae): A Comprehensive Update of Species and their Distribution, Current Threats and Conservation Status", ...
Soo, Pamela; Todd, Peter A. (2014). "The behaviour of giant clams (Bivalvia: Cardiidae: Tridacninae)". Marine Biology. 161 (12 ...
Outline of a systematic index - Recent Cardiidae (Lamarck, 1809). VISAYA net. (Updated 2009 for WoRMS), v t e. ... of the family Cardiidae. Hippopus hippopus (Linnaeus, 1758)(Bear paw clam) Hippopus porcellanus Rosewater, 1982 (China clam) ... Cardiidae: Tridacninae): A comprehensive update of species and their distribution, current threats and conservation status. ...
Berezovsky, A. A. (2021). "New species of Cardiidae (Bivalvia) from the Eocene of Ukraine". Paleontological Journal. 55 (1): 18 ...
Bivalvia: Cardiidae) and its relatives from the Lusitanian Basin (Portugal)". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, ...
... is a genus of molluscs in the family Cardiidae. Clinocardium braunsi Clinocardium ciliatum (Fabricius, 1780) - ...
... is a genus of molluscs in the family Cardiidae. This genus is known in the fossil records from the Cretaceous to ...
Subclass:Teleodesmacea Order Heterodonta: Different teeth (e.g. family Cardiidae). [ Lower Ordovician - Recent] Pachydonta: ...
... is a genus of molluscs in the family Cardiidae. Serripes groenlandicus (Mohr, 1786) - Greenland cockle Serripes ...
Vidal, J. (1994) [First published 1853]. "A review of the genus Fulvia Gray, 1853 (Mollusca, Cardiidae)". Apex (Brussels). 9: ...
... is a genus of molluscs in the family Cardiidae. Papyridea aspersa (G. B. Sowerby I, 1833) Papyridea crockeri (A. M. ...
Bivalvia: Cardiidae) and its relatives from the Lusitanian Basin (Portugal)". Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie - ... Protocardia is an extinct genus of saltwater clams, marine bivalve mollusks in the family Cardiidae, the cockles. The internal ...
... is a genus of marine bivalves in the family Cardiidae. It includes the common cockle Cerastoderma edule. This ...
... is a species of marine bivalve in the family Cardiidae. It is endemic to Mauritius. Wells S. (1996). ...
... is a genus of marine bivalve molluscs in the family Cardiidae. This genus is endemic to Australia and New Zealand ...
Neogene Paleontology in the Northern Dominican Republic: The Family Cardiidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia). Bulls. Amer. Paleo., v. 97 ...
scallops Nemocardium nitens and N. semigranulatum - Cardiidae Nucula consors - Nuculidae Ostrea sp. - a true oysters Pinna ...
scallops Nemocardium nitens and N. semigranulatum - Cardiidae Nucula consors - Nuculidae Ostrea sp. - a true oysters Pinna ...
doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2002.tb01865.x. Bilal Öztürk & Jean-Maurice Poutiers (2005). "Fulvia fragilis (Bivalvia: Cardiidae): a ...
Fulvia is a genus of cockles, marine bivalve molluscs in the family Cardiidae. Most species are found in the Indo-Pacific and ...
... is a genus of cockles, marine bivalve molluscs in the family Cardiidae. Members of the genus have characteristic thick, ...
... , the tevoro clam, is a species of bivalve in the family Cardiidae. It is found in Fiji and Tonga. It is ...
... is a genus of saltwater clams, marine bivalve molluscs in the family Cardiidae. Like most other bivalves, these ...
... is a species of cockle, a marine bivalve mollusc in the family Cardiidae. It is commonly known as the white ...
... , the yellow cockle, is a species of bivalve mollusc in the family Cardiidae. It can be found along the ...
... , the Iceland cockle, is a species of bivalve mollusc in the family Cardiidae. It can be found along the ...
Cardiidae.. Genus Cardium Linné, 1758.. Type (subsequent desig. Gray, 1847): Cardium costatum Linné.. Cardium oneroaensis n.sp ...
Cardiidae • Genus: Hippopus Lamarck, 1799 ...
Giant clams (Cardiidae: Tridacnidae) are highly emblematic, heavily targeted coral reef species throughout their Indo-Pacific ... Embryonic and larval development of the giant clam Tridacna noae (Roding, 1798) (Cardiidae: Tridacninae) ...
Cardiidae Comments a cockle Reference Ernst Haeckels Kunstformen der Natur published 1899-1904 by Verlag des ...
Cardiidae habitat. *URI: http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/RO_0002303. *Definition: x has habitat y if: x is an organism, y is a ...
Cardiidae. Conchiglia, 19(232-233):16-17 Richmond M.D.(editor), 1997, A Guide to the Seashores of Eastern Africa and Western ...
Cardiidae indet. Gastropods Agapilia picta Bullia hungarica Calyptraea chinensis Cochlis tigrina Euspira helicina Granulolabium ...
Cardiidae: Lymnocardiinae) is a bivalve relict species with a Ponto-Caspian distribution and is under strict protection in ... Hypanis colorata (Eichwald, 1829) (Cardiidae: Lymnocardiinae) is a bivalve relict species with a Ponto-Caspian distribution and ... Cardiidae). Oana Paula Popa 1,2,* , Elena Iulia Iorgu 1. ...
Cardiidae, Littorinidae, Calyptraeidae, Strombidae, Ungulinidae, Fissurellidae, Cystiscidae, Marginellidae, Cerithiopsidae, ...
Cardiidae, Campanilidae, Pinnidae, Myliobatidae, Carcharhinidae, Lamnidae, Brissidae, Volutidae, Plicatulidae, Caryophylliidae ...
scallops Nemocardium nitens and N. semigranulatum - Cardiidae Nucula consors - Nuculidae Ostrea sp. - a true oysters Pinna ...
Cardiidae Ertunc. fossil from Izmir, Turkey. Nov. 21,2007. Fossil. ? Pectinidae fossil. ...
Cardiidae (Family). *Tridacninae (Subfamily). *Tridacna (Genus). *Tridacna elongata (Species). *Tridacna elongata var. ...
Outline of a systematic index - Recent Cardiidae (Lamarck, 1809). VISAYA net. (Updated 2009 for WoRMS), available online at ...
Synopsis of North American Cardiidae. Synopsis of the Lucinacea. Synopsis of the Veneridae. Synopsis of the Astartidae. ...
Soo, P., and Todd, P. A. (2014). The behaviour of giant clams (Bivalvia: Cardiidae: Tridacninae). Mar. Biol. 161, 2699-2717. ... Schneider, J. A., and Ó Foighil, D. (1999). Phylogeny of giant clams (Cardiidae: Tridacninae) based on partial mitochondrial ... Cardiidae: Tridacninae) across the Saudi Arabian coast. Acta Oceanol. Sin. 39, 28-37. doi: 10.1007/s13131-020-1547-7 ... Cardiidae:Tridacna species) throughout the Indo-West Pacific: implications for divergence, connectivity and conservation. J. ...
Persselin, S. L. (1998). The Evolution of Shell Windows Within the Fraginae (Bivalvia: Cardiidae) and the Origin of Algal ... Kirkendale, L. (2005). Evolution of Photosymbiosis in Marine Bivalves (Cardiidae: Fraginae), Ph.D. thesis, University of ... Keywords: symbiosis, symbiodinium, dinoflagellate, cardiidae, fragum, corculum, tridacna, coral reef. Citation: Li J, Volsteadt ... ter Poorten, J. J. (2009). The cardiidae of the panglao marine biodiversity project 2004 and the panglao 2005 deep-sea cruise ...
The behaviour of giant clams (Bivalvia: Cardiidae: Tridacninae). Mar. Biol. 161:2699-2717. Urban, H. J. 2000. Culture potential ... Reproduction and ecology of the hermaphroditic cockle Clinocardium nuttallii (Bivalvia: Cardiidae) in Garrison Bay. Mar. Ecol. ...
Dutch kokkels for Cardiidae Lamarck, 1809. Dutch lange slijkschelp [from synonym] for Lutraria magna (da Costa, 1778). Dutch ... Dutch hartschelpen for Cardiidae Lamarck, 1809. Dutch inktvissen for Cephalopoda. Dutch kamschelp for Glycymeris glycymeris ( ...
... a genus of mollusks Cardiidae, family Cardiidae - somewhat... ... Noun 1. Cardium - type genus of the family Cardiidae: cockles ... Cardiidae, family Cardiidae - somewhat heart-shaped sand-burrowing bivalve mollusks. cockle - common edible, burrowing European ...
Cardiidae. Cardiidae. #/m2. Rumohr, Heye. Counting. 57. Caulleriella. Caulleriella. #/m2. Rumohr, Heye. Counting. ...
Cardiidae. Cardiidae. #. Michel, Julien. Counting ,1000 µm fraction. 70. Cuna gambiensis. C. gambiensis. #. Michel, Julien. ...
Huber, M; Schniebs, K (2009). The type specimens of recent molluscs described by ANTON (1837 and 1838): 8. Ostreidae, Cardiidae ...
History of Lymnocardiinae (Bivalvia, Cardiidae). Paleontological Journal, 35 (Supplement 3):147-217. ...
Cockle, any of the approximately 250 species of marine bivalve mollusks, or clams, of the family Cardiidae. Distributed ...
By the coiling of the umbones Id suspect Cardiidae.... Andrew G.. Return to: ...
Bivalvia , , Cardiidae Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range Ecology Benthic. Subtropical ...
Reproduction and Population Structure of Acanthocardia tuberculata (Linnaeus, 1758) (Bivalvia: Cardiidae) in Southern Spain: ...
Reproduction and population structure of Acanthocardia tuberculata (Linnaeus, 1758) (Bivalvia: cardiidae) in southern Spain: ...
The evolution of shell windows within the Fraginae (Bivalvia: Cardiidae) and the origin of algal symbiosis in cardiids. 49 ...
  • However, obligate associations are found in only two cockle (Cardiidae) subfamilies, Tridacninae (i.e., giant clams), and Fraginae (i.e., heart cockles and relatives), where the former is relatively well studied. (frontiersin.org)
  • Ang Cerastoderma sakop sa kabanay nga Cardiidae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Cerastoderma edule (Cardiidae), Venerupis pullastra and Venerupis rhomboides (Veneridae, Tapetinae) using conventional Giemsa staining and morphometric measurements. (cambridge.org)
  • Hypanis colorata (Eichwald, 1829) (Cardiidae: Lymnocardiinae) is a bivalve relict species with a Ponto-Caspian distribution and is under strict protection in Romania, according to national regulations. (mdpi.com)
  • group (Bivalvia: Cardiidae) in the Indo-Pacific with description of three new species. (marinespecies.org)
  • Outline of a systematic index - Recent Cardiidae (Lamarck, 1809). (marinespecies.org)
  • The fauna is predominantly endemic/native (94% in species numbers and 99% in abundance) and is dominated by three families (Cardiidae, Dreissenidae and Hydrobiidae). (pontocaspian.eu)