A potent calcium channel blockader with marked vasodilator action. It has antihypertensive properties and is effective in the treatment of angina and coronary spasms without showing cardiodepressant effects. It has also been used in the treatment of asthma and enhances the action of specific antineoplastic agents.
Surgery performed on the heart.
A class of drugs that act by selective inhibition of calcium influx through cellular membranes.
Diversion of the flow of blood from the entrance of the right atrium directly to the aorta (or femoral artery) via an oxygenator thus bypassing both the heart and lungs.
A potent vasodilator agent with calcium antagonistic action. It is a useful anti-anginal agent that also lowers blood pressure.
A surgical specialty concerned with diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the heart, lungs, and esophagus. Two major types of thoracic surgery are classified as pulmonary and cardiovascular.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Striated muscle cells found in the heart. They are derived from cardiac myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, CARDIAC).
Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Pyridine moieties which are partially saturated by the addition of two hydrogen atoms in any position.
The period following a surgical operation.
Pathological conditions involving the HEART including its structural and functional abnormalities.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Developmental abnormalities involving structures of the heart. These defects are present at birth but may be discovered later in life.
The period of care beginning when the patient is removed from surgery and aimed at meeting the patient's psychological and physical needs directly after surgery. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
A benzothiazepine derivative with vasodilating action due to its antagonism of the actions of CALCIUM ion on membrane functions.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Surgery performed on the thoracic organs, most commonly the lungs and the heart.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A long, narrow, and flat bone commonly known as BREASTBONE occurring in the midsection of the anterior thoracic segment or chest region, which stabilizes the rib cage and serves as the point of origin for several muscles that move the arms, head, and neck.
Flunarizine is a selective calcium entry blocker with calmodulin binding properties and histamine H1 blocking activity. It is effective in the prophylaxis of migraine, occlusive peripheral vascular disease, vertigo of central and peripheral origin, and as an adjuvant in the therapy of epilepsy.
Any disturbances of the normal rhythmic beating of the heart or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. Cardiac arrhythmias can be classified by the abnormalities in HEART RATE, disorders of electrical impulse generation, or impulse conduction.
A calcium channel blocker that is a class IV anti-arrhythmia agent.
Method of measuring performance against established standards of best practice.
Making an incision in the STERNUM.
Flaps of tissue that prevent regurgitation of BLOOD from the HEART VENTRICLES to the HEART ATRIA or from the PULMONARY ARTERIES or AORTA to the ventricles.
Surgery performed on the heart or blood vessels.
Interventions to provide care prior to, during, and immediately after surgery.
Surgical insertion of synthetic material to repair injured or diseased heart valves.
Care given during the period prior to undergoing surgery when psychological and physical preparations are made according to the special needs of the individual patient. This period spans the time between admission to the hospital to the time the surgery begins. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Patient care procedures performed during the operation that are ancillary to the actual surgery. It includes monitoring, fluid therapy, medication, transfusion, anesthesia, radiography, and laboratory tests.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The constant checking on the state or condition of a patient during the course of a surgical operation (e.g., checking of vital signs).
Inflammation of the mediastinum, the area between the pleural sacs.
A single-chain polypeptide derived from bovine tissues consisting of 58 amino-acid residues. It is an inhibitor of proteolytic enzymes including CHYMOTRYPSIN; KALLIKREIN; PLASMIN; and TRYPSIN. It is used in the treatment of HEMORRHAGE associated with raised plasma concentrations of plasmin. It is also used to reduce blood loss and transfusion requirements in patients at high risk of major blood loss during and following open heart surgery with EXTRACORPOREAL CIRCULATION. (Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
Hemorrhage following any surgical procedure. It may be immediate or delayed and is not restricted to the surgical wound.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
A procedure to stop the contraction of MYOCARDIUM during HEART SURGERY. It is usually achieved with the use of chemicals (CARDIOPLEGIC SOLUTIONS) or cold temperature (such as chilled perfusate).
The period during a surgical operation.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.
Pathological conditions involving any of the various HEART VALVES and the associated structures (PAPILLARY MUSCLES and CHORDAE TENDINEAE).
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
Compression of the heart by accumulated fluid (PERICARDIAL EFFUSION) or blood (HEMOPERICARDIUM) in the PERICARDIUM surrounding the heart. The affected cardiac functions and CARDIAC OUTPUT can range from minimal to total hemodynamic collapse.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.
Procedures in which placement of CARDIAC CATHETERS is performed for therapeutic or diagnostic procedures.
A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.
A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
Agents that prevent fibrinolysis or lysis of a blood clot or thrombus. Several endogenous antiplasmins are known. The drugs are used to control massive hemorrhage and in other coagulation disorders.
... or nicardipine, for the treatment of hypertension associated with cardiac surgery. The incidence of death, stroke, myocardial ... or nicardipine in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Cleviprex is contraindicated in patients with allergies to soybeans, soy ... and nicardipine for acute hypertension treatment in cardiac surgery patients". Anesthesia and Analgesia. 107 (4): 1110-21. doi: ... ESCAPE-1 was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled efficacy trial of 105 cardiac surgery patients. In ESCAPE-1, ...
Blood transfusions can be used in massive blood loss due to trauma, or can be used to replace blood lost during surgery. Blood ... Jaffe RB (July 1983). "Cardiac and vascular involvement in drug abuse". Seminars in Roentgenology. 18 (3): 207-212. doi:10.1016 ... "A systematic review of nicardipine vs labetalol for the management of hypertensive crises". The American Journal of Emergency ... Journal of Cardiac Failure. 26 (9): 786-793. doi:10.1016/j.cardfail.2019.11.013. PMID 31730917. Elbarbry F (June 2018). " ...
Surgery for aneurysms was introduced in the 1930s. Since the 1990s many aneurysms are treated by a less invasive procedure ... They may include QT prolongation, Q waves, cardiac dysrhythmias, and ST elevation that mimics a heart attack. There are several ... Medications to achieve this may include labetalol or nicardipine. People whose CT scan shows a large hematoma, depressed level ... The high plasma concentrations of adrenaline also may cause cardiac arrhythmias (irregularities in the heart rate and rhythm), ...
Frilling A, Liu C, Weber F (2004). "Benign multinodular goiter". Scandinavian Journal of Surgery. 93 (4): 278-81. doi:10.1177/ ... Long-term suppression of TSH values below normal values will frequently cause cardiac side-effects and contribute to decreases ... but was withdrawn due to cardiac side effects. ... Nicardipine. *Nicotine. *Nifedipine. *Nilvadipine. *Nisoldipine ...
Cardiac reactions[edit]. Domperidone use is associated with an increased risk of sudden cardiac death (by 70%)[38] most likely ... Its cause is most commonly idiopathic, a diabetic complication or a result of abdominal surgery. The condition causes nausea, ... Domperidone (Motilium) is associated with a small increased risk of serious cardiac side effects. Its use is now restricted to ... Domperidone is now contraindicated in those with underlying cardiac conditions and other risk factors. Patients with these ...
... decreases the cardiac stroke volume, which results in a decrease in cardiac output. The decrease in cardiac ... Patients with brain swelling, causing elevation of intracranial pressure, either secondary to trauma or following surgery, may ... Dihydropyridines (e.g., nicardipine, nifedipine, nitrendipine). *Furosemide. *Genistein. *Ginkgo constituents (e.g., bilobalide ... This pulmonary edema was not mediated by cardiac failure or by pulmonary hypertension but was due to increased pulmonary ...
Seizures during surgery: A 2018 meta-analysis found that early antiepileptic treatment with either phenytoin or phenobarbital ... Digoxin toxicity: IV formulation is drug of choice for arrhythmias caused by cardiac glycoside toxicity. ... Nicardipine. *Nonsteroidal antiandrogens (e.g., apalutamide, bicalutamide, enzalutamide, flutamide, nilutamide). *Oenanthotoxin ...
Lewis LA (1984). "Methoxyflurane analgesia for office surgery: surgical gem". Journal of Dermatologic Surgery and Oncology. 10 ... Its effect on the pulmonary circulation is negligible, and it does not predispose the heart to cardiac dysrhythmias.[26][29][30 ... Dihydropyridines (e.g., nicardipine, nifedipine, nitrendipine). *Furosemide. *Genistein. *Ginkgo constituents (e.g., bilobalide ... but cardiac output, stroke volume, and total peripheral resistance are only minimally depressed. ...
... nicardipine explanation free. What is nicardipine? Meaning of nicardipine medical term. What does nicardipine mean? ... Looking for online definition of nicardipine in the Medical Dictionary? ... and nicardipine for acute hypertension treatment in cardiac surgery patients.. 2008 new drug approvals ... nicardipine. Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia. nicardipine. [ni-kahr´dĭ-pēn] a calcium channel blocking agent that acts as ...
Nicardipine infusion is currently widely used during cardiac anesthesia and post-operative cardiac recovery. ... NICardipine Neuroprotection in AortiC Surgery (NICNACS) (NICNACS). The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... The objective of this study is to discover whether an infusion of nicardipine is able to reduce the time taken to achieve ... Nicardipine. Antihypertensive Agents. Calcium Channel Blockers. Membrane Transport Modulators. Molecular Mechanisms of ...
... or nicardipine, for the treatment of hypertension associated with cardiac surgery. The incidence of death, stroke, myocardial ... or nicardipine in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Cleviprex is contraindicated in patients with allergies to soybeans, soy ... and nicardipine for acute hypertension treatment in cardiac surgery patients". Anesthesia and Analgesia. 107 (4): 1110-21. doi: ... ESCAPE-1 was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled efficacy trial of 105 cardiac surgery patients. In ESCAPE-1, ...
Nicardipine: A potent calcium channel blockader with marked vasodilator action. It has antihypertensive properties and is ... are required to verify the efficacy of nicardipine in reducing the severity of myocardial ischemia during cardiac surgery.". 09 ... Yamanouchi Brand 3 of Nicardipine Hydrochloride; Hydrochloride, Nicardipine; LA, Nicardipine; Nicardipine Seid Brand; 3,5- ... Roche Brand of Nicardipine Hydrochloride; Seid Brand of Nicardipine; Solvay Brand of Nicardipine Hydrochloride; Syntex Brand of ...
... and nicardipine for acute hypertension treatment in cardiac surgery patients. Anesth Analg. 2008 Oct;107(4):1110-21. doi: ... surgery and/or valve replacement/repair procedures were anticipated to be randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: ... surgery, and/or valve replacement/repair surgery ...
ORIGINAL ARTICLES CARDIAC SECTION The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2012 December;53(6):783-8. Copyright © 2012 EDIZIONI ... Home , Journals , The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery , Past Issues , The Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery 2012 December;53( ... 1 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong General Hospital, Guangdong, China; 2 ... Use of antispastic nicardipine and nitroglycerin (NG) cocktail solution increases graft flow during off-pump coronary artery ...
... and nicardipine for acute hypertension treatment in cardiac surgery patients. Anesth. Analg. 107, 1110-1121. doi: 10.1213/ane. ... 2000). Perioperative blood pressure control: a prospective survey of patient management in cardiac surgery. J. Cardiothorac. ... Treatment of acute postoperative hypertension in cardiac surgery patients; an efficacy study of clevidipine assessing its ... 2007). Clevidipine effectively and rapidly controls blood pressure preoperatively in cardiac surgery patients: the results of ...
... and Nicardipine for Acute Hypertension Treatment in Cardiac Surgery Patients. Anesth Analg. 2008;107(4):1110-1121. doi:10.1213/ ... It is commonly used for hypertensive emergency and for blood pressure control during cardiac surgery. ... Comparison to nicardipine. It also compares favorably to its cousin, nicardipine, another dihydropyridine calcium channel ... showed that clevidipine was more effective in maintaining blood pressure within the target range in cardiac surgery patients ...
... or nicardipine (postoperative hypertension), for the treatment of hypertension in cardiac surgery. The mean exposure in the ... Three randomized, parallel, open-label studies called ECLIPSE, with longer exposure in cardiac surgery patients define the ... Cleviprex was evaluated in two double-blind, randomized, parallel, placebo-controlled, multicenter trials of cardiac surgery ... In ESCAPE-2, the entry criterion was systolic pressure of ≥140 mmHg within 4 hours of the completed surgery. The mean baseline ...
The care of infants with congenital cardiac defects has considerably advanced. ... Division of Cardiac Surgery, Professor of Surgery, University of Toronto; Staff Surgeon, Cardiovascular Surgery, Hospital for ... and the addition of verapamil and nicardipine to a standard potassium cardioplegic solution may improve postischemic cardiac ... Mangano DT, Tudor IC, Dietzel C. The risk associated with aprotinin in cardiac surgery. N Engl J Med. 2006 Jan 26. 354(4):353- ...
However, the dose of nicardipine and plasma norepinephrine level are only surrogate markers of hemodynamic stability. Although ... Jin S, Zhou X. Influence of dexmedetomidine on cardiac complications in non-cardiac surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized ... Ji F, Li Z, Nguyen H, Young N, Shi P, Fleming N, Liu H. Perioperative dexmedetomidine improves outcomes of cardiac surgery. ... Although in a different setting of cardiac surgery with a higher incidence of adverse events, a previous study reported that ...
Trendelenburg position (Head down Position) during lower abdominal surgery.. *Increases venous return (CVP/PCWP) Cardiac output ... agent such as nicardipine reduces hemodynamic repercussion of pneumoperitoneum and might facilitate management of cardiac ... Surgery 1993; 114; 549-4.. *Chali pt, Gin t, Oh te; anesthesia for laparoscopic surgery. Anesthesia and intensive care 21 163- ... Although laparoscopy is less intense as compare to open surgery, pain after laparoscopic surgery may be quite severe, ...
... and nicardipine for acute hypertension treatment in cardiac surgery patients. Anesth Analg. 2008;107(4):1110-21. ... surgery, pediatrics, and pregnancy), intravenous nicardipine and labetalol appear to have comparable efficacy and safety ... The depressive effect on cardiac performance is more profound for nifedipine than for nicardipine [13]. Different CCBs have ... The timing of nicardipine administration is indicated by the red and yellow arrows. The recorded hemodynamic parameters include ...
What is cardiac output? Meaning of cardiac output as a finance term. What does cardiac output mean in finance? ... Definition of cardiac output in the Financial Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... Measurement of cardiac output (CO) and cardiac index (CI) is commonly used in patients undergoing cardiac surgery.. Accuracy, ... Failure Exacerbation with Cardiogenic Shock and Elevated Systemic Vascular Resistance Treated with a Combination of Nicardipine ...
Institute of Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, and the Department of Anesthesia, Catholic University, Rome, Italy. Am J Cardiol ... Effects of diltiazem compared with nicardipine on diaphragmatic fatigability in vivo. Y Fujii. Eur J Anaesthesiol 20:575-6. ... Effect of combined dopamine and diltiazem on renal function after cardiac surgery. Senol Yavuz. Department of Cardiovascular ... Department of Colorectal Surgery, Royal Berkshire and Battle Hospitals, Oxford Road, Reading RG30 1AG, UK. Br J Surg 88:553-6. ...
Cardiac,Surgery,medicine,advanced medical technology,medical laboratory technology,medical device technology,latest medical ... sodium nitroprusside or nicardipine. Begin ning just before patients went into cardiac surgery, investigators monitored each ... during and/or after surgery - - in patients undergoing cardiac surgery is strongly associated with a reduced risk of death ... The ECLIPSE program included a total of 1,964 cardiac surgery patients each enrolled in one of three randomized, open-label ...
... and nicardipine for acute hypertension treatment in cardiac surgery patients. Anesth Analg. 2008;107(4):1110-1121. [PubMed] ... If clevidipine could decrease in cost to become competitive with nicardipine, it would probably replace nicardipine as a front- ... Clevidipine has been shown to be more successful than nicardipine at achieving tight blood pressure control.2 Its easier to ... Unfortunately, as a pure beta-blocker esmolol lacks the power of nicardipine or labetalol. Thus, esmolol infusion alone may be ...
... are required to verify the efficacy of nicardipine in reducing the severity of myocardial ischemia during cardiac surgery. ... Perioperative myocardial ischemic episodes are predictive of adverse cardiac outcomes after coronary artery bypass surgery. We ... Only nicardipine significantly decreased the duration (3.2 +/- 1.2 min/h) and the area under the ST time curve (AUC; 5.7 +/- ... Home > Research > Publications > Effects of nicardipine and nitroglycerin on perioperative myocardial ischemia in patients ...
Cardiac Emergencies • Acute CHF; • Acute coronary insufficiency; • Aortic dissection; • Post vascular surgery HTN ... NICARDIPINE  Dihydropyridine CCB  Used for:  Postoperative hypertension  Hypertension with increase intracranial pressure ... In hypertensive patients reduces cardiac output (CO) and increases heart rate.  In patients with heart failure SNP increases ...
Cerebral oximetry during cardiac surgery: The association between cerebral oxygen saturation and perioperative patient ... Antiischemic effects of nicardipine and nitroglycerin after coronary artery bypass grafting. Apostolidou, I. A., Despotis, G. J ... Implications for patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia undergoing cardiac surgery. Despotis, G. J., Hogue, C. W., ... Skubas, N., Barner, H. B., Apostolidou, I. & Lappas, D. G., Sep 1 2005, In : Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. ...
Serial neurological and cardiac evaluations should be considered as part of management in a patient with severe intraoperative ... Complications of surgery are primarily due to severe preoperative hypertension, high secretion tumors, or repeat intervention ... Treatment for hypertensive crisis has included intravenous sodium nitroprusside, phentolamine, or nicardipine infusions. ... Cardiac arrhythmias can be managed with IV lidocaine bolus or esmolol infusion (extreme caution is necessary when administering ...
Nicardipine versus sodium nitroprusside for post-cardiac surgery hypertension: an evaluation of effectiveness and postoperative ... Cost-effectiveness of nicardipine versus sodium nitroprusside for post-cardiac surgery hypertension. Critical Care Medicine, 38 ... Nicardipine versus sodium nitroprusside for post-cardiac surgery hypertension: an evaluation of effectiveness and postoperative ... Risk-stratified evaluation of amiodarone to prevent atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, ...
In the Phase III trials, clevidipine was effective in controlling BP in the settings of perioperative cardiac surgery and ... Nicardipine. Nicardipine is a second-generation, dihydropyridine derivative calcium-channel antagonist with high vascular ... Since, nicardipine increases both stroke volume and coronary blood flow with a favorable effect on myocardial oxygen balance, ... The onset of action of intravenous nicardipine is from 5 to 15 minutes, with duration of action of 4 to 6 hours. The initial ...
Study of Clevidipine Assessing Its Postoperative Antihypertensive Effect in Cardiac Surgery. The purpose of this study is to ... Comparison of Nicardipine with Clevidipine in the Management of Hypertension in Acute Cerebrovascular Diseases. ... Study of Clevidipine Assessing Its Preoperative Antihypertensive Effect in Cardiac Surgery. The purpose of this study is to ... This present study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of nicardipine and clevidipine... ...
Decreased cardiac output (Indications). Acute pain (Indications). Implementation. *Do not confuse nicardipine with nifedipine ... an intravenous anti-hypertensive used extensively in cardiac- and neuro-surgery.. Protein Design to acquire ESP Pharma ... Intravenous (Adults) Substitute for PO nicardipine-if PO dose is 20 mg q 8 hr, then infusion rate is 0.5 mg/hr; if PO dose is ... niCARdipine. (nye-kar-di-peen) , Cardene. (trade name), Cardene SR. (trade name), Cardene IV. (trade name) Classification. ...
... and nicardipine for acute hypertension treatment in cardiac surgery patients. Anesth Analg. 2008; 107(4):1110-21. ... intrathoracic surgery and abdominal aortic surgery. Paix et al, analysed 70 incidents of intraoperative hypertension and ... Postponement of elective surgery is recommended in chronic hypertensive patients if the diastolic BP is ≥110 mm Hg until the BP ... The rapid fall in BP results from a decrease in peripheral vascular resistance and a slight fall in cardiac output22. A ...
Nicardipine is becoming the arterial vasodilator of choice for cardiac surgery patients with hypertension since it has more ... Electrophysiologic Characteristics of Cardiac Arrhythmias That Commonly Occur Following Cardiac Surgery in Humans Last Updated ... Cardiac Surgery Develop as a result of abnormal shortening and dispersion of atrial refractory period and abnormal slowing of ... Indeed, in cardiac tissue, most Ang II is produced by enzymes other than ACE. In contrast, inhibition of bradykinin cleavage by ...
... and nicardipine (NIC) in the treatment of perioperative acute hypertension in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. ... and nicardipine for acute hypertension treatment in cardiac surgery patients ... METHODS: One-hundred-fifty-two patients scheduled for cardiac surgery with current or recent hypertension were randomized to ... BACKGROUND: Acute hypertension during cardiac surgery can be difficult to manage and may adversely affect patient outcomes. ...
Is off-pump cardiac surgery better for the brain?.. Cerebral blood flow in the elderly: JAMA, exteacorporea, pp. Cerebral blood ... Extracoorporea, randomized trial of retrograde warm blood cardioplegia: The effects of nicardipine on dynamic cerebral ... Cerebral injury after cardiac surgery: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology, 13pp.. .u66a51580c7d462ce602b3b92d6bd3c2e { padding: ... Effects of nimodipine on cerebral blood flow and neuropsychological aoutcome after cardiac surgery. Anesth Analg, 91pp. ...
... and nicardipine for acute hypertension treatment in cardiac surgery patients. Anesth Analg. 2008 Oct;107(4):1110-21. doi: ... Perioperative blood pressure control: a prospective survey of patient management in cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth ... Time Frame: Begining 24 hours prior to surgery thru 24 hours after surgery ]. To determine the feasibility of Clevidipine use ... The incidence of hypotension [ Time Frame: Begining 24 hours prior to surgery thru 24 hours after surgery ]. To determine the ...
  • The ECLIPSE trials: comparative studies of clevidipine to nitroglycerin, sodium nitroprusside, and nicardipine for acute hypertension treatment in cardiac surgery patients. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In clinical trials, the safety profile of clevidipine was generally similar to sodium nitroprusside, nitroglycerin, or nicardipine in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ECLIPSE trial, which was a randomized, multicenter phase III study, showed that clevidipine was more effective in maintaining blood pressure within the target range in cardiac surgery patients than nitroglycerin and sodium nitroprusside, and had similar efficacy to nicardipine, with no increase in major adverse events. (epmonthly.com)
  • The ECLIPSE program included a total of 1,964 cardiac surgery patients each enrolled in one of three randomized, open-label trials comparing Cleviprex(TM) (clevidipine) to current intravenous antihypertensive agents: nitroglycerin, sodium nitroprusside or nicardipine. (bio-medicine.org)
  • A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to determine the effects of sodium nitroprusside and nicardipine on hemodynamics and cardiac performance in this population. (bvsalud.org)
  • METHODS: A systematic review of published manuscripts was performed to identify studies of patients who received sodium nitroprusside and nicardipine as part of the treatment for arterial hypertension or afterload reduction after cardiac surgery. (bvsalud.org)
  • Sodium Nitroprusside is a pure after load reducing agent and has been used traditionally to decrease SVR, which leads to increase in stroke volume and increase in Cardiac Output (CO). Several studies in past have demonstrated effectiveness of Nitroprusside in treatment of acute or chronic heart failure of different etiologies. (omicsonline.org)
  • Trivial Pulmonary regurgitation, PASP of 55 Mm Hg Discussion: Due to elevated Systemic Vascular Resistance (SVR) it was decided to use sodium nitroprusside which is a pure afterload reducing agent in effort to reduce her afterload in anticipation of decreasing systemic vascular resistance and in turn increasing Cardiac output. (omicsonline.org)
  • Approximately 500-900 patients with perioperative hypertension undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) or minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) surgery and/or valve replacement/repair procedures were anticipated to be randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups: clevidipine or nitroglycerin. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • AIM: NG solution composed of nicardipine and nitroglycerin is a new anti-spastic solution for arterial grafts. (minervamedica.it)
  • Effects of nicardipine and nitroglycerin on perioperative myocardial ischemia in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. (cornell.edu)
  • We compared the efficacy of continuous infusions of nicardipine (group NIC) and nitroglycerin (group NTG) in reducing the frequency and severity of myocardial ischemic episodes. (cornell.edu)
  • These results suggest that nicardipine, but not nitroglycerin, decreased the duration and area under the ST time curve of myocardial ischemic episodes shortly after coronary revascularization. (cornell.edu)
  • Each pellet contained prolonged-release nicardipine , a member of a drug class known as calcium-channel blockers that help blood vessels relax and are commonly used to treat hypertension and angina. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Since the discovery of calcium channel blockers (CCBs) in the mid-1960s [ 1 ], they have been widely used or investigated for the treatment of hypertension, angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmias, left ventricular diastolic dysfunction, Raynaud's phenomenon, migraine, esophageal spasm, and bipolar disorder [ 2 ]. (springer.com)
  • Landmark Findings From ECLIPSE Program Show Improved Control of,Perioperative Hypertension Reduces Risk of Death In Cardiac Surgery ( Largest Randomized Safety Program of In. (bio-medicine.org)
  • NEW ORLEANS, March 27, 2007 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Findings from ECLIPSE**, the largest safety program comparing intravenous antihypertensive therapies, show that improved control of perioperative hypertension -- a potentially harmful elevation in blood pressure just before, during and/or after surgery - - in patients undergoing cardiac surgery is strongly associated with a reduced risk of death within 30 days following the procedure. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Comparison of Nicardipine with Clevidipine in the Management of Hypertension in Acute Cerebrovascular Diseases. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Perioperative hypertension commonly occurs in patients undergoing surgery. (bjmp.org)
  • Low cardiac output syndrome in the postoperative period of Impact of hypertension and antihypertensive treatment. (booster4u.info)
  • BACKGROUND: Vasoactive medications are commonly administered for afterload reduction and arterial hypertension treatment in patients after cardiac surgery. (bvsalud.org)
  • INTRODUCTION: For CHD patients undergoing corrective surgery utilising cardiopulmonary bypass, post-operative inhaled nitric oxide has been administered to alleviate pulmonary hypertension. (bvsalud.org)
  • An example based on a clinical study of clevidipine for the treatment of peri-operative hypertension during hospitalizations for cardiac surgery is used to illustrate how inferences about cost-savings associated with good blood pressure (BP) control during the stay can be affected by the approach used to derive hospitalization costs. (springer.com)
  • Hypertension is a major problem in the perioperative period of cardiac and non-cardiac surgery. (elsevier.com)
  • Hypertension is an important risk factor for sudden cardiac death, of which the incidence increases with increases in blood pressure. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Exploring an optimum intra/postoperative management strategy for acute hypertension in the cardiac surgery patient. (stanford.edu)
  • Some people with pulmonary hypertension may need surgery. (collegesurgery.org.uk)
  • His medical history included hypertension, diabetes mellitus and gall bladder surgery. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 1. The treatment goal of medical management of febrile and mildly radioactive tracers creates images that are likely to quit smoking and alcohol consumption within recommended limits, exercise planning perioperative hemodynamic response: Pulmonary and systemic hypertension with labetalol, nicardipine, or alternative measures and approaches. (chfn.org)
  • Nicardipine is prescribed for the treatment of high blood pressure ( hypertension ) and angina (heart pain ). (medicinenet.com)
  • The recommended dose of nicardipine for treatment of hypertension is 20-40 mg three times daily with conventional capsules or 30-60 mg twice daily with sustained release capsules. (medicinenet.com)
  • These medications are commonly used in both veterinary and human medicine for cardiac disease or hypertension (high blood pressure). (jotform.com)
  • Of the calcium channel blockers, nicardipine (Cardene) and nifedipine (Adalat, Procardia) have been tried the most and are safe in pregnancy but there is little information on first-trimester use. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Cardene is a patent -protected intravenous preparation of nicardipine , a dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • An estimated 50% of patients undergoing routine cardiac surgery require intravenous antihypertensive therapy to manage life-threatening arterial bleeding, myocardial ischemia, or cardiac failure in the perioperative period. (stanford.edu)
  • Intravenous regional injection with nicardipine in reflex sympathetic dystrophy. (nii.ac.jp)
  • With MED supplied in a concentration up to 40 mg/ml (Wildlife Pharmaceuticals, Inc, Windsor, CO 80550 USA), an accidental dose of one milliliter is potentially 200 times an intravenous dose known to cause cardiac arrest in humans. (ispub.com)
  • Postpartum cerebral angiopathy treated with intra-arterial nicardipine and intravenous immunoglobulin. (uiowa.edu)
  • Extracoorporea, randomized trial of retrograde warm blood cardioplegia: The effects of nicardipine on dynamic cerebral autoregulation in patients anesthetized with propofol and fentanyl. (booster4u.info)
  • What are the side effects of nicardipine? (medicinenet.com)
  • At least 25% of hypertensive patients who undergo noncardiac surgery develop myocardial ischemia associated with the induction of anaesthesia or during the intraoperative or early post-anaesthesia period 8 . (bjmp.org)
  • Those patients fortunate enough to survive a presenting SAH and subsequent securing of their aneurysm must still face a spectrum of secondary sequelae, which can include cerebral vasospasm, delayed ischemia, seizures, cerebral edema, hydrocephalus, and endocrinologic and catecholamine-induced systemic dysfunction in cardiac, pulmonary, and renal systems. (frontiersin.org)
  • Jin S, Zhou X. Influence of dexmedetomidine on cardiac complications in non-cardiac surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized trials. (springer.com)
  • In 2014, the results of the POEMAS Study (Peri Operative goal-directed thErapy in Major Abdominal Surgery) were published: "a perioperative hemodynamic protocol guided by a noninvasive cardiac output monitor was not associated with a decrease in the incidence of overall complications or length of stay in major abdominal surgery. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Hospital readmission after noncardiac surgery: the role of major complications. (rochester.edu)
  • Hypotensive episodes can increase the risk of cardiac complications and end organ hypoperfusion, particularly in patients whose underlying cardiovascular disease has altered autoregulation of blood flow. (stanford.edu)
  • Various serious complications can occur during locoregional anesthesia techniques in ophthalmic surgery. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Patients will then be randomized to one of two study groups: general anesthesia with or without nicardipine. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Patient with cardiac disease and COPD should not be considered as good candidates for laparoscopic anesthesia in inexperienced hands. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • The scenarios in acute care in which CCBs are typically used include aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH), intracerebral hemorrhage, acute myocardial infarction, hypertensive crises, and surgery under general anesthesia. (springer.com)
  • Hemodynamics (thermodilution technique) and plasma catecholamine concentrations were measured before surgery, after the induction of anesthesia, after turning the patient to the lateral position, during pneumoperitoneum, during tumor manipulation, after adrenalectomy, and at the end of surgery. (uliege.be)
  • Risks are much higher for patients with unrecognized pheochromocytoma who undergo anesthesia for unrelated surgery. (uptodate.com)
  • Locoregional anesthesia techniques are increasingly used for cataract surgery. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Five minutes after peribulbar anesthesia, his blood pressure increased to 209/115mmHg requiring three bolus of nicardipine (3.0mg) to reduce his blood pressure to 134/56mmHg. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Other aspects of fast-track cardiac surgical care including lower dose, faster-acting opioid based anesthesia, specific vent weaning protocols, and direct admission to a cardiac stepdown ward (no ICU stay) will not be covered in this review. (qualityhealth.org)
  • Anesthesia Central is an all-in-one web and mobile solution for treating patients before, during, and after surgery. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Clevidipine is a dihydropyridine L-type calcium channel blocker, highly selective for vascular, as opposed to myocardial, smooth muscle and, therefore, has little or no effect on myocardial contractility or cardiac conduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clevidipine does not reduce cardiac filling pressure (pre-load), confirming lack of effects on the venous capacitance vessels. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the two drugs have similar rapid onset of action, clevidipine has a much brief duration of action, lasting minutes compared to three hours with nicardipine. (epmonthly.com)
  • A retrospective review comparing clevidipine and nicardipine in the treatment of acute hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke found the two agents had essentially equivalent times to achieve target blood pressure and time spent at goal blood pressure, with no differences in efficacy outcomes or incidence of adverse effects such as acute kidney injury. (epmonthly.com)
  • Another advantage of clevidipine is that it has a smaller infusion volume than nicardipine, which could be beneficial in fluid-restricted patients. (epmonthly.com)
  • This present study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of nicardipine and clevidipine. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Levy JH, Mancao MY, Gitter R, et al, "Clevidipine Effectively and Rapidly Controls Blood Pressure Preoperatively in Cardiac Surgery Patients: The Results of the Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Efficacy Study of Clevidipine Assessing Its Preoperative Antihypertensive Effect in Cardiac Surgery-1," Anesth Analg, 2007, 105(4):918-25. (wikem.org)
  • All of the patient is at least one study showed that combinations of nicardipine or clevidipine plus a benzodiazepine beta-blockers clevidipine plus, mouth syndrome include shigella. (goodbelly.com)
  • When intra-arterial nicardipine or milrinone are administered to treat SAH vasospasm, vasopressor requirements are significantly increased: approximately 60% for phenylephrine and double for noradrenaline (54). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • There were significant differences with decreases in mean pulmonary artery pressure of -6.82 mmHg, left atrial pressure of -1.16 mmHg, arteriovenous oxygen difference of -1.63, arterial carbon dioxide concentration of -2.41 mmHg, mechanical ventilation duration of -8.56 hours, and length of cardiac ICU stay duration of -0.91 days. (bvsalud.org)
  • Anesthetic management of cesarean section in a patient with single atrium and single ventricle after cavo-pulmonary bypass surgery. (nii.ac.jp)
  • However, if the condition is allowed to progress to the point where ductal right-to-left shunting Fetal Circulation & Congenital Heart Disease - Daniel Bernstein, M. While it may take years for irreversible pulmonary vascular resistance changes to occur with a patent ductus arteriosus, this phenomenon can occur in many other congenital cardiac defects, and can progress at a fast rate, sometimes within the first year of life. (mundonarnia.com)
  • Examples of calcium channel blockers include amlodipine, felodipine, and nicardipine. (aprphotogallery.com)
  • It also compares favorably to its cousin, nicardipine, another dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker used widely in the management of hypertensive emergency. (epmonthly.com)
  • Perioperative myocardial ischemic episodes are predictive of adverse cardiac outcomes after coronary artery bypass surgery. (cornell.edu)
  • This phenomenon appears to be more pronounced in the subendocardium in a manner similar to the wavefront phenomenon of the ischemic cardiac death. (ahajournals.org)
  • Although she was diagnosed as having moderate aortic stenosis, moderate mitral valve regurgitation, and silent ischemic heart disease in preoperative examination, her cardiac function was considered to be normal on the basis of an ultrasonic echocardiogram. (elsevier.com)
  • Elevated intra-abdominal pressure causes the decrease in venous return and increases the systemic vascular resistance and decreases the myocardial performance leading to decrease in cardiac output [6]. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • BACKGROUND: Vasoplegic syndrome is an increasingly recognized disease in perioperative medicine and is characterized by severe hypotension, normal or elevated cardiac output, and decreased systemic vascular resistance. (bvsalud.org)
  • In our case, we used continuous Nicardipine infusion as an alternative agent in decreasing the Systemic Vascular Resistance, which is more cost effective, with more favorable side effect profile and provided the desired effects of decreasing the SVR. (omicsonline.org)
  • Day 2 of admission patient underwent Left and Right Heart catheterization and was found to have non occlusive coronary artery disease and dynamics showed Cardiac output (CO) 2.67, Cardiac Index (CI) 1.44, Peripheral vascular resistance (PVR) 149.9, systemic vascular resistance (SVR) 2128.38 DSc, SVR-26.61 wood units, SVI 3937 DSc. (omicsonline.org)
  • 22. The inclusion complex of claim 20, wherein the pharmaceutically acceptable salt of nicardipine is the nicardipine hydrochloride salt. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • Calcium channel blocker nicardipine to reduce fluid buildup in the cardiac output in response to these disturbances. (projectathena.org)
  • The objective of this study is to discover whether an infusion of nicardipine is able to reduce the time taken to achieve electrocerebral silence (ECS) during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) for aortic surgery. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Because it is highly selective for vascular, and not myocardial, smooth muscle, it has little to no effect on cardiac contractility or cardiac conduction. (epmonthly.com)
  • Nicardipine (Cardene, Cardene SR) belongs to a class of drugs referred to as calcium channel blockers ( CCBs ). (medicinenet.com)
  • Since perioperative hemodynamic stability is important in this high-risk surgery, the results of their study have potentially great clinical impacts in our clinical practice. (springer.com)
  • However, the dose of nicardipine and plasma norepinephrine level are only surrogate markers of hemodynamic stability. (springer.com)
  • Hemodynamic changes are accentuated in high risk cardiac patient. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • Improved knowledge of hemodynamic changes in healthy patient allows successful anesthetic management of cardiac patient. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • 2001. Constrictive pericarditis: intraoperative hemodynamic and echocardiographic evaluation of cardiac filling dynamics. . (cornell.edu)
  • Titration of a nicardipine infusion allowed easy and quick control of the hemodynamic aberrancies related to these processes. (uliege.be)
  • Adjustments of a nicardipine infusion readily attenuated the subsequent hemodynamic aberrancies. (uliege.be)
  • MAINTAINING perioperative optimal cardiac preload in surgical patients is paramount for precise hemodynamic management. (asahq.org)
  • The authors present a patient with hypovolemia and hemodynamic instability during emergency abdominal surgery. (asahq.org)
  • Hemodynamic optimization is detailed before, during and after surgery using or not using arterial pressure waveform. (asahq.org)
  • Hemodynamics recording through Swanz ganz reading on Hospital day 3 on Nicardipine titration to maintain Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP) around 70 mm Hg showed reading of CO of 5.2 liters, CI of 2.8 liters, SVR of 1169 DSc. (omicsonline.org)
  •  In hypertensive patients reduces cardiac output (CO) and increases heart rate. (scribd.com)
  • These follow-up ECT treatments were performed with the addition of nicardipine, esmolol, and/or labetolol for blood pressure management, and cardioprotection. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Optimal management of bleeding and transfusion in patients undergoing cardiac surgery. (cornell.edu)
  • Maintain adequate diastolic BP to maintain cardiac perfusion. (starship.org.nz)
  • At the onset of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), study drug (nicardipine or equivalent volume of placebo - 0.9% saline) infusion at 5 mg/hr will be initiated, and patients will receive 0.5 MAC isoflurane in the CPB circuit sweep gas. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • En un estudio sobre The relationship between cerebral blood flow and transcranial Doppler blood flow velocity during hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass in adults. (booster4u.info)
  • It occurs commonly after cardiopulmonary bypass but may also occur after other types of surgery.CASE: Vasoplegic syndrome developed in our patient during posterior lumbar interbody fusion because of administering nicardipine after phenylephrine. (bvsalud.org)
  • Although numerous studies have validated the efficacy of intracoronary shunt on reducing left ventricular dysfunction during off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB), there is lack of evidence supporting its role on right ventricular (RV) function during right coronary artery (RCA) revascularization. (bvsalud.org)
  • A balance between speed and thoroughness will allow preoperative issues to be more fully fleshed out than in an emergent case as there should be time for such tests as a bedside transthoracic cardiac echo. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • Preoperative thrombocytopenia and postoperative outcomes after noncardiac surgery. (rochester.edu)
  • Significant risk factors for adverse perioperative events included large tumor size, increased levels of preoperative catecholamines, and longer duration of surgery. (uptodate.com)
  • It is essential that patients undergo appropriate preoperative evaluation and treatment to optimize physiology prior to surgery. (pulmonologyadvisor.com)
  • Based on functional characteristics of the patient, preoperative cardiac evaluation may be warranted, especially in pheochromocytoma resections. (pulmonologyadvisor.com)
  • Preoperative evaluation should include extensive directed laboratory evaluations and cardiac evaluation and treatment. (pulmonologyadvisor.com)
  • If there is any sign of heart failure, preoperative echocardiogram or possibly cardiac catheterization will be indicated. (pulmonologyadvisor.com)
  • en] We investigated hemodynamics and plasma catecholamine concentrations in eight consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic adrenalectomy for suspected pheochromocytoma. (uliege.be)
  • Design & Procedures Eligible patients will be approached to participate in the study by the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) attending and/or by a cardiothoracic surgical/anesthesiology fellow or a cardiac research nurse. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • John F. Bebawy, MD is an Associate Professor of Anesthesiology & Neurological Surgery at Northwestern University. (soaoj.com)
  • Nicardipine versus nitroprusside for deliberate hypotension during idiopathic scoliosis repair. (rochester.edu)
  • A generalized reduction in cerebral blood flow due to systemic hypotension (e.g., cardiac arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, or hemorrhagic shock) usually produces syncope (Chap. 20). (slideshare.net)
  • By inhibiting cold-induced cerebral vasoconstriction, nicardipine will maintain cerebral blood flow and allow more rapid cooling of the brain during CPB. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Effects of nimodipine on cerebral blood flow and neuropsychological aoutcome after cardiac surgery. (booster4u.info)
  • The care of infants with congenital cardiac defects has considerably advanced. (medscape.com)
  • Congenital cardiac defects can be classified into two major groups based on the presence or absence of cyanosis (Figure 1). (mundonarnia.com)
  • Intraoperative awareness as an example of the influence of cardiac output on anesthetic dosing: case report. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Intraoperative awareness as an example of the influence of cardiac output on anesthetic dosing: case report/Despertar intraoperatorio como ejemplo de la influencia del gasto cardiaco en la dosificacion anestesica. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Prevalence of left ventricular diastolic filling abnormalities in adult cardiac surgical patients: an intraoperative echocardiographic study. (cornell.edu)
  • Takotsubo cardiomyopathy induced intraoperative and postoperative cardiac arreests. (rochester.edu)
  • The surgical mortality probability Model (S-MPM): Derivation and validation of a simple risk prediction rule for non-cardiac surgery. (rochester.edu)
  • Beta blockers slow the heart rate and cardiac output of patients with atrial fibrillation. (healthline.com)
  • preferably Euthyroid, antithyroid drugs and beta blockers continue through day of surgery. (brainscape.com)
  • Head up position: Decrease venous return and cardiac output compound the effect of pneumoperitoneum. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • Despite the encouraging results from this study, there are still many challenges in developing the ideal cardiac output monitor for pediatric patients," said Dr Trieu. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In a randomised study of 104 healthy patients undergoing caesarean delivery under spinal anaesthesia, at 5 minutes after local anaesthetic injection a noradrenaline infusion maintained maternal cardiac output and heart rate better than a phenylephrine infusion. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Cardiac output was decreased in 18 patients (25.7%), normal in 39 patients (55.7%) and increased in 13 patients (18.6%), whereas in 70 patients, 18 patients (25.7%) had decreased cardiac index, 26 patients (37.1%) had normal cardiac index and 26 patients (37.1%) had increased cardiac index. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • and cardiac output , CO] were continuously recorded using an impedance cardiography device (PhysioFlow[R] PF07 Enduro[TM], USA). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Heart failure is a clinical syndrome characterized by a decrease in cardiac output with or without an increase in intracardiac pressure, which can be caused by structural or functional pathologies. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In maintaining a balanced Qp:Qs anticipate need for increased Hct and early milrinone +/- adrenaline if low systemic cardiac output. (starship.org.nz)
  • A trp value of this procedure can reduce cardiac output. (projectathena.org)
  • METHODS: Sixty patients scheduled for OPCAB, who received clopidogrel and aspirin within 5 days of surgery were randomly allocated into 3 groups:HES 200/0.5 (n = 20), HES 150/0.4 (n = 20), and Crystalloid (n = 20).Routine coagulation profile were measured before and 2 days after the surgery.Amount of perioperative blood loss, transfusion requirement and fluids input and output were recorded until 2 days postoperatively. (bvsalud.org)
  • As a consequence, a twofold increase in cardiac output was recorded. (uliege.be)
  • Nursing diagnoses decreased cardiac output (co) is poor or nonrestorative. (chfn.org)
  • 2 . The system of claim 1 , wherein the cardiac stimulator is activated responsive to the in sensor output indicating that the tissue is in a contracting state. (google.ca)
  • Nicardipine sometimes causes an increase in the frequency and duration of angina. (medicinenet.com)
  • Nicardipine is prescribed for the treatment of high blood pressure and angina (heart pain). (medicinenet.com)
  • Propranolol injection is not recommended for treatment of cardiac arrhythmias in pediatric patients. (nih.gov)
  • The present study provides an additional anti-spastic method by using second generation of calcium antagonists and nitric oxide donor in coronary artery bypass surgery. (minervamedica.it)
  • Age and other risk factors for neuropsychologic decline in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery. (booster4u.info)
  • 2001. Atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery is unrelated to cardiac abnormalities detected by transesophageal echocardiography. . (cornell.edu)
  • Cardiac indices and mixed venous oxygen saturations were significantly greater, whereas systemic pressures were less in group NIC compared with group NTG for the same period. (cornell.edu)
  • They are rarely intubated prior to surgery and seldom require oxygen. (starship.org.nz)
  • On the day of surgery, her vital signs were as follows: heart rate of 66 beats/min, respiratory rate of 16 breaths/min, temperature of 36.7°C, and 100% oxygen saturation measured by pulse oximetry on room air. (asahq.org)
  • Results so far suggest nicardipine therapy might even improve cerebral oxygenation (Pbr[O. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Based on each patient's BP response for 24 hours after initiating the therapy, investigators determined "BP excursions" -- how much and how long systolic BP went above or below predefined, acceptable perioperative BP ranges (85-145 mm Hg pre- and post- operatively, and 75-135 mm Hg during surgery). (bio-medicine.org)
  • Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura could offer targeted therapy in youths aged years an amaurotic blind eye can be described as a primary tumor may help, but lactic acidosis may be stopped or started depending on the type of csf absorption at the time of surgery routine surgery should be diagnosed promptly. (projectathena.org)
  • In the present study we estimated the periodic profiles and variance structure of systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate and mean arterial pressure by using an autoregressive model of power spectrum, Maximum Entropy Method (MEM) in 8 patients with primary aldosteronism, during long-term therapy with nicardipine slow release. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Therapy should be monitored and drug doses should be adjusted accordingly when nicardipine is used with these drugs. (medicinenet.com)
  • PERIANESTHETIC RISKS AND OUTCOMES - Many patients who undergo pheochromocytoma resection exhibit labile blood pressure (BP), arrhythmias, and tachycardia during and after surgery, though most can be managed without lasting morbidity or mortality. (uptodate.com)
  • Larger clinical trials are still required to corroborate the benefit of dexmedetomidine for the clinical outcomes in non-cardiac surgery. (springer.com)
  • Findings from ECLIPSE are the first to quantify the relationship between perioperative blood pressure control and clinical outcomes, and demonstrate that better control can dramatically reduce the rate of death in cardiac surgery patients. (bio-medicine.org)
  • This study was conducted to determine the association between peritoneal dialysis and important clinical outcomes in children undergoing congenital heart surgery. (bvsalud.org)
  • Early extubation is an integral part fast-track post-operative cardiac surgery care, designed to help reduce health care resources while preserving optimal patient outcomes. (qualityhealth.org)
  • Emergency, anaesthesia, intensive care and surgery are among the clinical settings where proper recognition and management of acute hypertensive episodes is of great importance. (bjmp.org)
  • 1999. A randomized clinical trial of continuous aspiration of subglottic secretions in cardiac surgery patients. . (cornell.edu)
  • CONCLUSION: Although clinical benefits were not clearly found, the inclusion of FFP in pump priming for congenital heart surgery in infants and children was shown to improve the hemodilution-related hemostatic dysfunction immediately after weaning from CPB and heparin reversal. (bvsalud.org)
  • See 'Clinical presentation and diagnosis of pheochromocytoma' and 'Treatment of pheochromocytoma in adults' and 'Paraganglioma and pheochromocytoma: Management of malignant disease' and 'Pheochromocytoma in genetic disorders' and 'Treatment of pheochromocytoma in adults', section on 'Medical preparation for surgery' and 'Clinical presentation and diagnosis of pheochromocytoma', section on 'Pheochromocytoma in pregnancy' . (uptodate.com)
  • In 1985, Dr. Hilleman was appointed Director of Clinical Research at the Creighton University Cardiac Center. (creighton.edu)
  • Fetal cardiac tumors: fetal echocardiography, clinical outcome and genetic analysis in 53 cases. (amedeo.com)
  • In 2015, the Society of Neurointerventional Surgery (SNIS) suggested several stroke process time metrics for implementation at comprehensive stroke centers (CSC). (bmj.com)
  • Provided these are not associated with cardiac dysfunction, no modification of patient management is necessary although recent data suggest that a heart rate of either less than 60 or greater than 80 or the presence of nonspecific ST/T wave abnormalities are independently associated with increased mortality in SAH patients receiving aneurysm clipping. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Patients undergoing thoracic aortic surgery at Duke University Medical Center (DUMC) requiring hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) and neurophysiologic monitoring (NIOM) will give written informed consent and be enrolled into the study. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Adenosine for temporary flow arrest during intracranial aneurysm surgery: a single center retrospective review. (soaoj.com)
  • Early Absent Pupillary Light Reflexes After Cardiac Arrest in Patients Treated with Therapeutic Hypothermia. (mayo.edu)
  • At doses greater than required for beta blockade, propranolol also exerts a quinidine-like or anesthetic-like membrane action, which affects the cardiac action potential. (nih.gov)
  • In laboratory tests, his blood glucose was 158mg/dL, urea plasma was 0.49g/L and creatinine was 13mg/L. In the anesthetic consultation, it was decided to continue all treatments and to stop insulin on the morning of surgery. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Trendelenburg position (Head down Position) during lower abdominal surgery. (laparoscopyhospital.com)
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery can be emergent, urgent or elective. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • The patient who presents with abdominal, flank or back pain with an expanding abdominal mass needs to have emergent surgery. (psychiatryadvisor.com)
  • Sixty-6 ASA physical status I and II patients were given either dexmedetomidine (1 μg/kg over 10 minutes followed by a continuous infusion of 0.5 μg/kg/h throughout surgery) or comparable volumes of saline as a placebo. (lww.com)