Dictionaries, MedicalCardia: That part of the STOMACH close to the opening from ESOPHAGUS into the stomach (cardiac orifice), the ESOPHAGOGASTRIC JUNCTION. The cardia is so named because of its closeness to the HEART. Cardia is characterized by the lack of acid-forming cells (GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS).Lymph Nodes: They are oval or bean shaped bodies (1 - 30 mm in diameter) located along the lymphatic system.Dictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Stomach: An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.Crowdsourcing: Social media model for enabling public involvement and recruitment in participation. Use of social media to collect feedback and recruit volunteer subjects.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.Lymph: The interstitial fluid that is in the LYMPHATIC SYSTEM.Stomach Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.Lymph Node Excision: Surgical excision of one or more lymph nodes. Its most common use is in cancer surgery. (From Dorland, 28th ed, p966)Esophagogastric Junction: The area covering the terminal portion of ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of STOMACH at the cardiac orifice.Esophageal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the ESOPHAGUS.Adenocarcinoma: A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.Combined Modality Therapy: The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.Esophagectomy: Excision of part (partial) or all (total) of the esophagus. (Dorland, 28th ed)Manometry: Measurement of the pressure or tension of liquids or gases with a manometer.Esophagostomy: Surgical formation of an external opening (stoma) into the esophagus.Carcinoma, Squamous Cell: A carcinoma derived from stratified SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS. It may also occur in sites where glandular or columnar epithelium is normally present. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Heart Failure: A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.Angioplasty, Balloon: Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.Angioplasty: Reconstruction or repair of a blood vessel, which includes the widening of a pathological narrowing of an artery or vein by the removal of atheromatous plaque material and/or the endothelial lining as well, or by dilatation (BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY) to compress an ATHEROMA. Except for ENDARTERECTOMY, usually these procedures are performed via catheterization as minimally invasive ENDOVASCULAR PROCEDURES.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary: Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.Prognosis: A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.Myocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Chlorthalidone: A benzenesulfonamide-phthalimidine that tautomerizes to a BENZOPHENONES form. It is considered a thiazide-like diuretic.Esophageal Achalasia: A motility disorder of the ESOPHAGUS in which the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER (near the CARDIA) fails to relax resulting in functional obstruction of the esophagus, and DYSPHAGIA. Achalasia is characterized by a grossly contorted and dilated esophagus (megaesophagus).Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Equipment Reuse: Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.Dilatation: The act of dilating.Dilatation, Pathologic: The condition of an anatomical structure's being dilated beyond normal dimensions.Esophagus: The muscular membranous segment between the PHARYNX and the STOMACH in the UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.Anti-Dyskinesia Agents: Drugs used in the treatment of movement disorders. Most of these act centrally on dopaminergic or cholinergic systems. Among the most important clinically are those used for the treatment of Parkinson disease (ANTIPARKINSON AGENTS) and those for the tardive dyskinesias.Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.Oligomenorrhea: Abnormally infrequent menstruation.Coronary Artery Disease: Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.Hyperandrogenism: A condition caused by the excessive secretion of ANDROGENS from the ADRENAL CORTEX; the OVARIES; or the TESTES. The clinical significance in males is negligible. In women, the common manifestations are HIRSUTISM and VIRILISM as seen in patients with POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME and ADRENOCORTICAL HYPERFUNCTION.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Coronary Vessels: The veins and arteries of the HEART.Hirsutism: A condition observed in WOMEN and CHILDREN when there is excess coarse body hair of an adult male distribution pattern, such as facial and chest areas. It is the result of elevated ANDROGENS from the OVARIES, the ADRENAL GLANDS, or exogenous sources. The concept does not include HYPERTRICHOSIS, which is an androgen-independent excessive hair growth.Coronary Disease: An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.Ovary: The reproductive organ (GONADS) in female animals. In vertebrates, the ovary contains two functional parts: the OVARIAN FOLLICLE for the production of female germ cells (OOGENESIS); and the endocrine cells (GRANULOSA CELLS; THECA CELLS; and LUTEAL CELLS) for the production of ESTROGENS and PROGESTERONE.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.BooksPublishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.MEDLINE: The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).Serial Publications: Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Abstracting and Indexing as Topic: Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Giant Cell Arteritis: A systemic autoimmune disorder that typically affects medium and large ARTERIES, usually leading to occlusive granulomatous vasculitis with transmural infiltrate containing multinucleated GIANT CELLS. The TEMPORAL ARTERY is commonly involved. This disorder appears primarily in people over the age of 50. Symptoms include FEVER; FATIGUE; HEADACHE; visual impairment; pain in the jaw and tongue; and aggravation of pain by cold temperatures. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed)DNA Methylation: Addition of methyl groups to DNA. DNA methyltransferases (DNA methylases) perform this reaction using S-ADENOSYLMETHIONINE as the methyl group donor.Temporal Arteries: Arteries arising from the external carotid or the maxillary artery and distributing to the temporal region.Methylation: Addition of methyl groups. In histo-chemistry methylation is used to esterify carboxyl groups and remove sulfate groups by treating tissue sections with hot methanol in the presence of hydrochloric acid. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.Polymyalgia Rheumatica: A syndrome in the elderly characterized by proximal joint and muscle pain, high erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and a self-limiting course. Pain is usually accompanied by evidence of an inflammatory reaction. Women are affected twice as commonly as men and Caucasians more frequently than other groups. The condition is frequently associated with GIANT CELL ARTERITIS and some theories pose the possibility that the two diseases arise from a single etiology or even that they are the same entity.Environmental Medicine: Medical specialty concerned with environmental factors that may impinge upon human disease, and development of methods for the detection, prevention, and control of environmentally related disease.Occupational Medicine: Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.SwedenCase-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.

Symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux as a risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma. (1/293)

BACKGROUND: The causes of adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia are poorly understood. We conducted an epidemiologic investigation of the possible association between gastroesophageal reflux and these tumors. METHODS: We performed a nationwide, population-based, case-control study in Sweden. Case ascertainment was rapid, and all cases were classified uniformly. Information on the subjects' history of gastroesophageal reflux was collected in personal interviews. The odds ratios were calculated by logistic regression, with multivariate adjustment for potentially confounding variables. RESULTS: Of the patients interviewed, the 189 with esophageal adenocarcinoma and the 262 with adenocarcinoma of the cardia constituted 85 percent of the 529 patients in Sweden who were eligible for the study during the period from 1995 through 1997. For comparison, we interviewed 820 control subjects from the general population and 167 patients with esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma. Among persons with recurrent symptoms of reflux, as compared with persons without such symptoms, the odds ratios were 7.7 (95 percent confidence interval, 5.3 to 11.4) for esophageal adenocarcinoma and 2.0 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.4 to 2.9) for adenocarcinoma of the cardia. The more frequent, more severe, and longer-lasting the symptoms of reflux, the greater the risk. Among persons with long-standing and severe symptoms of reflux, the odds ratios were 43.5 (95 percent confidence interval, 18.3 to 103.5) for esophageal adenocarcinoma and 4.4 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.7 to 11.0) for adenocarcinoma of the cardia. The risk of esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma was not associated with reflux (odds ratio, 1.1; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.7 to 1.9). CONCLUSIONS: There is a strong and probably causal relation between gastroesophageal reflux and esophageal adenocarcinoma. The relation between reflux and adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia is relatively weak.  (+info)

Evaluating gastric cancer misclassification: a potential explanation for the rise in cardia cancer incidence. (2/293)

BACKGROUND: Reports of dramatic increases in gastric cardia cancer incidence warrant concern. However, the recent introduction of a separate diagnostic code, the lack of a consensus definition of the cardia area, and the accelerating interest in cardia cancer may affect classification practices. Little is known about the magnitude of cardia cancer misclassification in large cancer registries. METHODS: In a well-defined Swedish population (1.3 million), we uniformly classified all patients with newly diagnosed gastric adenocarcinoma (from 1989 through 1994) with respect to gastric subsite, and we used this patient group as our gold standard. We then evaluated the completeness of the Swedish Cancer Registry in registering gastric adenocarcinomas against this gold standard and, further, assessed the completeness of cardia cancer registration and the rate of falsely included cases to estimate the potential impact on observed incidence trends. RESULTS: Our gold standard contained 1337 case subjects with gastric adenocarcinoma. Overall, the Swedish Cancer Registry was 98% complete with regard to gastric adenocarcinomas and had a 4% rate of falsely included cases. The completeness of coding cardia cancer was only 69%, and the positive predictive value for cardia cancer was 82%, with no improvement over time. CONCLUSIONS: Although overall completeness of gastric cancer registration by the Swedish Cancer Registry was excellent, accuracy in registering cardia tumors was surprisingly low. Our estimates suggest that true cardia cancer incidence could be up to 45% higher or 15% lower than that reported in the Cancer Registry. This margin of error could accommodate the observed increase in cardia cancer in Sweden. Therefore, secular trends in cardia cancer incidence should be interpreted cautiously.  (+info)

Mortality trend from cancer of the gastric cardia in The Netherlands, 1969-1994. (3/293)

BACKGROUND: Time trends of cancer of the gastric cardia differ between populations and the reasons are not fully understood. The object of this study was to investigate the occurrence of cancer of the gastric cardia in descriptive relation to age at death, calendar period, birth cohort and gender in the Netherlands between 1969 and 1994. METHODS: Data on the number of people with cancer of the gastric cardia as the underlying cause of death from 1969 to 1994 were obtained from annual publications by the National Causes of Death Registry of Statistics Netherlands. To estimate the separate effects of age, calendar period and birth cohort on the trend in mortality, a simultaneous analysis of these factors was performed using a log-linear Poisson model. RESULTS: In 1969, the mortality rates from cancer of the gastric cardia for males and females per 100,000 people were 2.1 and 1.1; in 1994 the mortality rates were 1.5 and 0.7, respectively. Examination of the time trend suggested that mortality for cancer of the gastric cardia may reflect a period phenomenon, although a cohort effect may have also contributed to the observed time trend. Furthermore, more males than females died from cancer of the gastric cardia. The difference was most striking in the younger age categories. CONCLUSION: In this Dutch population, the age-period-cohort-gender analysis indicated that the mortality rates decreased after the period 1975-1979 which might be explained by a decrease in exposure to risk factor(s) or an increase in exposure to protective factor(s).  (+info)

Expression of nm23 in the primary tumor and the metastatic regional lymph nodes of patients with gastric cardiac cancer. (4/293)

Tumor recurrence and distant metastasis are major causes of treatment failure in gastric cardiac cancer (GCC). Rapid growth of tumor cells and reduced expression of nm23, a metastatic suppressor gene, in tumor cells have been suggested as two important mechanisms for disease progression of GCC. Therefore, to determine the prognostic value of nm23 expression in GCC, we used immunohistochemistry to examine the expression of nm23 in the pathological sections of both gastric cancer and metastatic lymph nodes from 24 stage III patients. Twenty-two patients had total gastrectomy, and two patients had proximal subtotal gastrectomy with a D2 dissection. Postoperative adjuvant therapy was provided, and the clinical responses were followed routinely. Clinical correlation was evaluated by chi2 with Fisher's exact test and survival by log-rank test. Our results show that the reduced nm23 expression in the primary tumor and in the nodal metastasis is the most useful marker for the poor prognosis of GCC following surgery.  (+info)

Inflammation of the gastro-oesophageal junction (carditis) in patients with symptomatic gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: a prospective study. (5/293)

BACKGROUND: Recent data have suggested that cardia biopsy specimens may be more reflective of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) than squamous biopsy specimens. AIMS: To assess the distribution, severity, and types of mucosal injury in GORD. PATIENTS: Thirty patients with symptomatic GORD with no or minimal erosions. METHODS: Biopsies were performed at the squamocolumnar junction (Z-line) and 1-2 cm below the Z-line. Injury to the columnar mucosa was scored for inflammatory cells, epithelial cell abnormalities, and for the presence of intestinal metaplasia and Helicobacter pylori. A carditis score above 2 was considered positive (maximum score = 9). RESULTS: Mean carditis scores and percentages of patients with a positive carditis score were higher in Z-line biopsy specimens containing both squamous and columnar mucosa than in those with just columnar mucosa or in specimens taken 1-2 cm below the Z-line. Carditis at the Z-line was focal in 49% of the specimens and was always present adjacent to the squamous epithelium. Goblet cells were present more frequently in the specimens immediately at the Z-line than in those 1-2 cm below the Z-line. H pylori was present in only four patients. The mean carditis scores of specimens 1-2 cm below the Z-line in these patients was significantly higher than in those patients without H pylori. CONCLUSIONS: Mucosal injury at the gastric cardia is highly localised to the region adjacent to the squamocolumnar junction in patients with GORD. Morphological studies of the cardia in GORD should focus on tissue samples that contain both squamous and columnar epithelium in order to obtain an accurate picture of the spectrum of injury.  (+info)

Patterns of gastritis in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. (6/293)

BACKGROUND: The cause of inflammation in cardiac mucosa at the gastro-oesophageal junction (GOJ) is unclear, both gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) and Helicobacter pylori having been implicated. AIMS: To describe patterns of gastritis in patients with symptomatic GORD. METHODS: In 150 patients (126 normally located Z-line, 24 Barrett's oesophagus) with symptoms of GORD, biopsies were taken of the GOJ, corpus, and antrum. Inflammation was assessed using the updated Sydney System. RESULTS: For the 126 patients with a normally located Z-line, biopsies of the GOJ revealed cardiac mucosa in 96, fundic mucosa in 29, and squamous mucosa in one. Inflammation in glandular mucosa at the GOJ was present in 99/125 specimens (79%), including 87/96 (91%) with cardiac mucosa and 12/29 (41%) with fundic mucosa. Inflammation in fundic mucosa was closely related to H pylori and active inflammation was only seen in its presence. Inflammation in cardiac mucosa was less closely linked to H pylori. When H pylori was present in cardiac mucosa (28/96, 29%) active inflammation was usually present (25/28, 89%). However, active inflammation was also found in 34/68 (50%) cardiac mucosa specimens without H pylori. Overall, 28/87 (32%) biopsies with carditis were colonised with H pylori and 59/87 (68%) were not. In H pylori colonised patients, inflammation was seen throughout the stomach, while in non-colonised patients, it was confined to cardiac mucosa. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with symptomatic GORD had a high prevalence of carditis. This was of two types, H pylori associated and unassociated. Except on Giemsa staining, the two were morphologically identical, suggesting mediation by a similar immunological mechanism.  (+info)

Relative risk of dysplasia for patients with intestinal metaplasia in the distal oesophagus and in the gastric cardia. (7/293)

BACKGROUND: Biopsy specimens obtained from the gastro-oesophageal junction can reveal intestinal metaplasia in patients presenting for routine upper endoscopy. The site of biopsy may play a critical role in determining the dysplasia risk of a patient. AIMS: To evaluate prospectively the dysplasia risk in patients with intestinal metaplasia of the distal oesophagus or within the gastric cardia. METHODS: Patients with short segment Barrett's oesophagus (SSBO) and cardia intestinal metaplasia (CIM) were followed prospectively. RESULTS: 177 patients with SSBO were identified (mean age 62 years, range 38-82; 91% whites). Twenty prevalence cases of dysplasia in SSBO were detected: 17 low grade dysplasia (LGD), three high grade dysplasia (HGD). Seventy six patients with CIM were identified (mean age 67 years, range 37-81; 81% whites). A single prevalence case of LGD in CIM was detected. During follow up of 78 SSBO and 34 CIM patients, dysplasia developed in nine (seven LGD, two HGD) with SSBO and in one (LGD) with CIM. There were significant differences between the two groups with respect to age, ethnicity, dysplasia prevalence, and incidence. Time to dysplasia progression was significantly longer in CIM compared with SSBO patients. Of the five patients with SSBO and HGD, one developed adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus on follow up. No HGD or cancers have been detected over this time period in CIM patients. CONCLUSIONS: The dysplasia risk is significantly greater in SSBO than in CIM patients, indicating two potentially different clinical processes. Future studies should separate SSBO from CIM in order to enhance the understanding of the pathophysiology and malignant potential of each entity.  (+info)

Columnar mucosa and intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus: fifty years of controversy. (8/293)

OBJECTIVE: To outline current concepts regarding etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus and cardia. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Previously, endoscopic visualization of columnar mucosa extending a minimum of 3 cm into the esophagus was sufficient for the diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus, but subsequently the importance of intestinal metaplasia and the premalignant nature of Barrett's have been recognized. It is now apparent that shorter lengths of intestinal metaplasia are common, and share many features of traditional 3-cm Barrett's esophagus. METHODS: Themes and concepts pertaining to intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus and cardia are developed based on a review of the literature published between 1950 and 1999. RESULTS: Cardiac mucosa is the precursor of intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus. Both develop as a consequence of gastroesophageal reflux. Intestinal metaplasia, even a short length, is premalignant, and the presence of dysplasia indicates progression on the pathway to adenocarcinoma. Antireflux surgery, as opposed to medical therapy, may induce regression or halt progression of intestinal metaplasia. The presence of high-grade dysplasia is frequently associated with an unrecognized focus of adenocarcinoma. Vagal-sparing esophagectomy removes the diseased esophagus and is curative in patients with high-grade dysplasia. Invasion beyond the mucosa is associated with a high likelihood of lymph node metastases and requires lymphadenectomy. CONCLUSIONS: Despite improved understanding of this disease, controversy about the definition and best treatment of Barrett's esophagus continues, but new molecular insights, coupled with careful patient follow-up, should further enhance knowledge of this disease.  (+info)

*Celastrina cardia

... , the pale hedge blue, is a small butterfly found in India that belongs to the lycaenids or blues family. The ... List of butterflies of India List of butterflies of India (Lycaenidae) Card for cardia in LepIndex. Accessed 14 October 2006. ... butterfly was earlier known as Lycaenopsis cardia Moore. It is found in Shimla in India to the Karen Hills in Myanmar. ...

*Cardia Jackson

... (born April 13, 1988) is an American football linebacker. As a member of the Green Bay Packers, he won Super ... ULM Athletics biography http://www.ulmwarhawks.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=19000&ATCLID=204846126 ULM linebacker Cardia ...

*Cardia (Thrace)

... which was built in its vicinity and peopled with the inhabitants of Cardia, became the chief town in that neighbourhood. Cardia ... Cardia (in Greek Kαρδία), anciently the chief town of the Thracian Chersonese (today Gallipoli peninsula), was situated at the ... 12; Stephanus of Byzantium, Ethnica, s.v. "Cardia" Cornelius Nepos, Lives of Eminent Commanders, "Miltiades", 1 This article ... and since Cardia was unwilling to receive them, Philip immediately sent help to the town. The king proposed to settle the ...

*Rhagovelia cardia

... is a species of aquatic bug first found in Altaquer, Río Ñambí, Nariño, Colombia. Padilla-Gil, Dora N. (2011 ...

*Hieronymus of Cardia

... (Greek: Ἱερώνυμος ὁ Καρδιανός, 354-250 BC), Greek general and historian from Cardia in Thrace, was a ... Hieronymus of Cardia (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981). Joseph Roisman, "Hieronymus of Cardia: Causation and Bias from ... 1911). "Hieronymus of Cardia". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. This work in turn cites: Lucian ...

*Apollonides of Cardia

Apollonides (Ancient Greek: Ἀπολλωνίδης) of Cardia was a man of ancient Greece to whom Philip II of Macedon assigned for his ...

*Amélia dos Santos Costa Cardia

... (1855-1938), born in Lisbon, was one of the first female doctors in Portugal. She attended the ... "O Leme - Biografia de Amlia dos Santos Costa Cardia". "As pioneiras em Medicina". odivelas.com. "A Celebration of Women Writers ...

*RXi Pharmaceuticals

Byrne M; Tzekov R; Wang Y; Rodgers A; Cardia J; Ford G; Holton K; Pandarinathan L; Lapierre J; Stanney W; Bulock K; Shaw S; ... Lapierre J, Salomon W, Cardia J, Bulock K, Lam JT, Stanney WJ, Ford G, Smith-Anzures B, Woolf T, Kamens J, Khvorova A, Samarsky ...

*Mandated reporter

Cardia, Nancy; Lagatta, Pedro; Affonso, Claudinei. "Assessment of Child Maltreatment Prevention Readiness Country Report Brazil ...

*Second Greek colonisation

Cardia TR28. Chalcedon TR29. Nicomedia TR30. Abydos TR31. Sestos TR32. Lampsacus TR33. Panormos TR34. Cyzicus TR35. Ilion TR36 ... The Milesians also founded Abydos and Cardia on the Hellespont and Rhaedestus in Propontis. The Samians colonised the island of ...

*Stasander

Brown, Truesdell (1947). "Hieronymus of Cardia". The American Historical Review. Oxford University Press. 52 (4): 684-696. doi: ...

*Smouldering myeloma

CARDIA Study Group". Blood. 43 (8): 799-804. doi:10.1182/blood-2007-08-108357. PMID 2200851. Korde N; Kristinsson SY; Landgren ...

*Beta blocker

ISBN 0-7923-3516-3. Khan, M.I. Gabriel (2007). Cardia Drug Therapy. Humana Press. ISBN 1-59745-238-6. Meinertz T, Willems S ( ...

*Diphenylcyclopropenone

Bulock, Karen G; Cardia, James P; Pavco, Pamela A; Levis, William R (2015). "Diphencyprone Treatment of Alopecia Areata: ...

*Eumenes

... of Cardia (/juːˈmɛniːz/; Greek: Εὐμένης; c. 362 - 316 BC) was a Greek general and scholar. He participated in the Wars ... Eumenes was a native of Cardia in the Thracian Chersonese, although he was suspected to be Scythian. At a very early age he was ... Edward Anson, Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek among Macedonians, Brill Academic Publishers, 2004. Waterfield, Robin (2011). Dividing ...

*Roemheld syndrome

"Roemheld Syndrome - Gastric Cardia". roemheld-syndrome.com. Retrieved 28 March 2017. Roman, C; Bruley des Varannes, S; Muresan ... Roemheld syndrome (RS), also known as Roemheld-Techlenburg-Ceconi-Syndrome or gastric-cardia, is a complex of gastrocardiac ...

*List of Scottish football transfers 2010-11

Cardia, Ivan (18 June 2010). "UFFICIALE: Pedro Moutinho all'AEP Paphos" (in Italian). Tutto Mercato Web. Retrieved 1 July 2010 ...

*Luca Toni

Ivan Cardia (27 May 2016). "Italia-Finlandia, la FIGC celebrerà Luca Toni" (in Italian). TuttoMercatoWeb.com. Retrieved 3 ...

*Juanito (footballer, born 1985)

Ivan Cardia (8 August 2017). "UFFICIALE: Hellas Verona, risoluzione consensuale per Juanito Gomez" (in Italian). www. ...

*BioBus

Cardia, Alexandra (6 February 2010). "Street Smarts: The BioBus Brings a Rolling Science Lab to Resource-Strapped Schools". ...

*Sardinian language

Amos Cardia, S'italianu in Sardìnnia, Iskra, 2006. Amos Cardia, Apedala dimòniu, I sardi, Cagliari, 2002. Francesco Casula, La ... Amos Cardia, Iskra "Limba Sarda 2.0S'italianu in Sardigna? Impostu a òbligu de lege cun Boginu - Limba Sarda 2.0". Limba Sarda ...

*Historie

He returned to Cardia and met an old woman and Antigonus. He used Antigonus's vase and the old woman to trick Cardia's guards ... And Cardia was captured after 3 days. He was sent to the Imperial Palace to act as his Royal Secretary. Despite his Scythian ... He then goes to the ruins of his old house and the story goes into a flashback, showing his childhood, how he left Cardia, his ... He was sold and shipped off Cardia, but soon after the slaves on the ship he is in mutinied before being sunk in a storm. ...

*Sugiura procedure

The esophagus and cardia are then entirely mobilized. The anterior gastric vagus nerve was previously divided and therefore ... The abdominal operation consists of a splenectomy, devascularization of the abdominal esophagus and cardia, and a selective ...

*Stomach

The cardia is where the contents of the oesophagus empty into the stomach. The cardia is defined as the region following the "z ... Near the cardia is the lower oesophageal sphincter. The fundus (from Latin, "bottom") is formed by the upper curvature of the ... A gastric band may be placed around the cardia area, which can adjust to limit intake. The anatomy of the stomach may be ... In humans, different types of cells are found at the different layers of the gastric glands: Human cardiac glands (at cardia) ...

*Nabataean Kingdom

He uses a source by Hieronymus of Cardia; one of Alexander the Great's generals who had a first-hand encounter with the ...
Gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) is an aggressive subtype of gastric cancer with a high metastatic rate. However, the metastatic biomarker of GCA has not been established. To search for the biomarker for GCA metastasis, we here examined expression of the Hippo signaling effector WWTR1 (WW domain containing transcription regulator 1, commonly listed as TAZ) in tumor tissue samples from 214 GCA cases using the tissue microarray assay (TMA), and statistically analyzed association of the WWTR1 expression with metastasis-related pathological outcomes and cumulative survival of the GCA patients. Furthermore, shRNA knockdown was used to determine the role of WWTR1 in promoting cell migration in gastric cancer cells. The results have shown that WWTR1 is overexpressed in 66.4% of the GCA tumor samples. Expression of WWTR1 has a significant inverse correlation with cumulative survival of GCA patients (p | 0.01). WWTR1 positive patients had a mean survival of 56.9 ± 4.4 months, comparing to WWTR1 negative mean
Results 253 incident EAC, 191 gastric cardia adenocarcinomas and 125 gastric non-cardia adenocarcinomas accrued to the cohort. Overall obesity (BMI) was positively associated with EAC and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma risk (highest (≥35 kg/m2) vs referent (18.5-,25 kg/m2); HR 2.11, 95% CI 1.09 to 4.09 and HR 3.67, 95% CI 2.00 to 6.71, respectively). Waist circumference was also positively associated with EAC and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma risk (highest vs referent; HR 2.01, 95% CI 1.35 to 3.00 and HR 2.22, 95% CI 1.43 to 3.47, respectively), whereas waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) was positively associated with EAC risk only (highest vs referent; HR 1.81, 95% CI 1.24 to 2.64) and persisted in patients with normal BMI (18.5-,25 kg/m2). Mutual adjustment of WHR and BMI attenuated both, but did not eliminate the positive associations for either with risk of EAC. In contrast, the majority of the anthropometric variables were not associated with adenocarcinomas of the gastric non-cardia. ...
There are several studies in the literature on CK expression in Barretts epithelium and the gastric cardia. Intestinal metaplasia in Barretts oesophagus and intestinal metaplasia of the gastric cardia can be distinguished on the basis of CK7 and CK20 expression.6-8 The largest study7 showed that a CK7+/CK20− phenotype had a positive predictive value of 87% for the diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the distal oesophagus. About 90% of Barretts cancers were positive for CK7 but less than 18% expressed CK20.7 The same phenotype was found in only 24% of cancers located in the proximal stomach. Others confirmed these results.9-11 However, other studies have produced contradictory results, and have shown that CK7 but and CK20 immunoreactivity did not differentiate between Barretts adenocarcinoma and gastric cancer located at the cardia.12-15 Our present study is in line with these results. In one study, the CK phenotype was used to try to differentiate short segment Barretts intestinal metaplasia ...
Mechanisms behind the strong associations of esophageal adenocarcinoma risk with gastroesophageal reflux (GOR) and body mass remain to be defined. In a nationwide population-based case-control study, we examined associations of polymorphisms in the DNA repair genes XPD, XPC, XRCC1 and XRCC3 with risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma, squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC) and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma, and paid special attention to possible interactions with symptomatic reflux or body mass. We collected blood samples from 96, 81 and 126 interviewed incident cases of esophageal adenocarcinoma, esophageal SCC and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma, respectively, and 472 randomly selected controls, frequency-matched with regard to age and sex. DNA was extracted and polymorphisms in XPD codon 751 (Lys→Gln), codon 312 (Asp→Asn), C insertion in intron 10 of XPD, XPC codon 939 (Lys→Gln), XRCC1 codon 399 (Arg→Gln) and XRCC3 codon 241 (Thr→Met) were examined using PCR-RFLP. Odds ratios (ORs) derived from ...
Esophageal and gastric cancers are significant worldwide health problems. They are often lethal diseases, with a case-fatality ratio of 84 percent (esophageal) and 75 percent (gastric), respectively.The esophagogastric junction (EGJ; also called the
The diffuse and intestinal histological subtypes of non-cardia cancer were of similar proportions, and both showed a positive association with H pylori and atrophy.. The team found that cardia cancer was negatively associated with H. pylori.. However, the researchers noted that H. pylori-positive cardia cancer showed an association with gastric atrophy.. The predominant histological subtype of cardia cancer was intestinal, and was not associated with gastric atrophy compared with the diffuse subtype.. Cardia cancer in patients with atrophy had an intestinal: diffuse ratio similar to non-cardia cancer.. The team observed that cardia cancers in patients without atrophy were predominantly intestinal.. Professor McColls team concluded, "These findings indicate 2 etiologies of cardia cancer.". "The first of these etiologies is associated with H. pylori atrophic gastritis, resembling non-cardia cancer.". "The other is associated with non-atrophic gastric mucosa, resembling esophageal ...
Definition of cardia in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of cardia. What does cardia mean? Information and translations of cardia in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
A study summary that assessed the role regular ingestion of dietary fiber play in the prevention of cancers of the esophagus and stomach.
The team obtained unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios for individual outcomes or calculated for each study and were pooled by using a random-effects model.. The researchers found that 9 studies examined the association of body mass index with GERD symptoms.. The team noted that 6 of these studies found statistically significant associations.. The researchers also noted that 6 of 7 studies found significant associations of body mass index with erosive esophagitis, and esophageal adenocarcinoma.. A significant association with gastric cardia adenocarcinoma was found in 4 out of 6 studies.. In data from 8 studies, the team found a trend toward a dose-response relationship.. There was an increase in the pooled adjusted odds ratio for GERD symptoms of 1.4 for a body mass index of 25 kg/m2 to 30 kg/m2.. The team observed that the pooled adjusted odds ratio for GERD symptoms was 1.9 for body mass index greater than 30 kg/m2.. Similarly, the pooled adjusted odds ratio for esophageal adenocarcinoma for a ...
372 The present study was undertaken to determine RASSF1A methylation in the gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) tissue and adjacent non-cancer tissues to further understand the moleculer mechanism of GCA and to screen the possible biomarkers to identify the high-risk subjects and early GCA patients. Primary GCA sample were collected from 42 cases. Adjacent non-cancer tissues and carcinoma tissues were selected from every patient. Methylation of RASSF1A gene promoter was detected using methylation-specific PCR (MSP). Promoter methylation of RASSF1A could be detected in GCA (27/42, 64%), while only one was found in adjacent non-cancer tissues. RASSF1A methylation was one of the possible mechanisms GCA carcinogenesis and might be a useful biomarker for identification of the high-risk subjects and early diagnosis for GCA. ...
Amplification of 19q13.1-q13.2 is one of the common genetic alterations in ovarian cancer, and overexpression of putative oncogene AKT2 at 19q13.1, which encodes a serine/threonine kinase, has been associated with the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer. Amplification of 19q13.1-q13.2 was also frequently detected in gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (9) and primary pancreatic carcinoma (10) . These studies strongly indicate that 19q13.1-q13.2 may contain an oncogene(s) related to the pathogenesis and progression of various solid tumors including ovarian cancer.. In this study, four ovarian cancer cell lines containing amplicon of 19q13.1-q13.2 in the form of hsr were characterized to define the overlapping MAR. Forty-nine cosmid clones and DNA markers within a 13.9-Mb region (average distance between two markers is ∼280 kb) at 19q13.1 were selected to detect overlapping MARs. The resolution of markers selected in the critical region from stSG53555 to stSG12762 (36,333-42,426 kb; NCBI Map Viewer) is ...
Postoperative anastomotic leakage is a serious complication in patients with oesophageal or cardia cancer. Early diagnosis and treatment are mandatory.
You need to be signed in to access email alerts. If you have an account log in with your user name and password. If you dont have an account you can just enter your email address in the email box below ...
UCL Discovery is UCLs open access repository, showcasing and providing access to UCL research outputs from all UCL disciplines.
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Cleveland, Ohio (PRWEB) January 08, 2013 -- Cardia 7, a purified Omega 7 supplement that has been clinically shown to combat inflammation and heart disease,
Despite being a young person, and although six years have elapsed, the growth of this "pigmentation" with these characteristics is indicative of heavy damage to this zone, making it necessary to make changes in his dietary habits and to gradual adapt treatments that enable strengthening those tissues and reducing the damage caused by the gastric juices.. This case study is very educational, not only because it is an example of alteration in the cardia, but also because it is, at the same time, another example of how changes in the iris do indeed occur. We have the 2009 photograph in which, inside the box marked, there was no indication of "pigmentation" and the 2015 photo in which it is abundantly clear how it has developed. It is one more example of how new signs may appear on the surface of the iris.. (The rest of the image of the iris and its interpretation is reserved for courses and study materials that we will gradually publish.). © Multiple Reflex iridology. All rights reserved. © ...
Cartia XT is a prescription drug that is used to control high blood pressure and treat some types of angina. This eMedTV article describes Cartia XT in more detail and explains the effects of the medicine. Cardia is a common misspelling of Cartia XT.
40 year old male with newly diagnosed esophageal cancer. PET/CT ordered for staging.. There is markedly increased FDG activity (maximum SUV 8.7 and average SUV 5.8) within a 5 cm mass involving the distal esophagus, spanning the GE junction with involvement of the gastric cardia consistent with known esophageal cancer. There was also increased activity (maximum SUV of 4.4 with an average SUV of 3.7) with a celiac region lymph node compatible with metastatic nodal disease.. ...
Hi, My mom had a heart attack. Doctor said one artery is completely gone (I dont know which one) and he cannot revive it even with surgery. He did angioplasty on the other 2 arteries. Sent her home...
Support. Adjusting to a serious health problem often takes time. You may feel depressed or anxious, lose touch with your social support system, or have to stop working for several weeks. If you get depressed, dont ignore it because depression can make your cardiac rehab program more difficult, as well as impact your relationships and other areas of your life and health. Counseling will help you learn healthy ways to cope with depression and other feelings, and your doctor may also suggest medications such as antidepressants. Vocational or occupational therapy will teach you new skills to help you return to work ...
Researchers from Duke University have come up with a few ways to help doctors provide better care for their patients who are at risk of sudden cardiac arrest.
Gastric is a hollow muscular organ shaped like a big cage, consists of three parts: cardia, fundus and antrum. Food into the stomach from the esophagus through a ring-shaped muscle (sphincter), which can open and close. Under normal circumstances, the sphincter prevents re-entry of gastric contents into the esophagus. Stomach serves as a storehouse of food, which contracts rhythmically to mix food with enzymes. The cells lining the stomach produce three important substances ...
Body slightly arcuate, ventrally bent posteriorly in male. Lateral field about 1/3 body width without visible cells. Lip region angular with conspicuous papillae. Spear 20 um long with aperture 1/3 its length. Guiding ring refractive, 1/4 head width. Esophagus expanded rather abruptly in basal 3/7. Cardia conoid, about as long as body width. Intestine with fine, dark, refractive granules. Vulva longitudinal. Ovaries reflexed about 1/2 their length. Uteri forming huge spermatheca packed with sperms; as many as 5 eggs observed in one female. Prerectum length about twice body diameter. Rectum slightly longer than tail. Spicula unusually long, extending to a point almost opposite first supplement ...
Body practically straight when relaxed. Lips set off by constriction, conical, the region about 1/3 width of neck base. Spear length 1/3 head width with well knobbed extensions. Esophagus enlarged in posterior half by gradual expansion. Cardia cylindroid, 1/3 body width. Ovaries reflexed about halfway to vulva. Eggs were 30 x 80 um. Tail hemispheroid. Male not collected. Specimens slightly smaller, 0.8 : 1.0 mm, than those from Utah ...
Background: The reasons for the increasing incidence of and strong male predominance in patients with oesophageal and cardia adenocarcinoma remain unclear. The authors hypothesised that airborne occupational exposures in male dominated industries might contribute.. Methods: In a nationwide Swedish population based case control study, 189 and 262 cases of oesophageal and cardia adenocarcinoma respectively, 167 cases of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and 820 frequency matched controls underwent personal interviews. Based on each study participants lifetime occupational history the authors assessed cumulative airborne occupational exposure for 10 agents, analysed individually and combined, by a deterministic additive model including probability, frequency, and intensity. Furthermore, occupations and industries of longest duration were analysed. Relative risks were estimated by odds ratios (OR), with 95% confidence intervals (CI), using conditional logistic regression, adjusted for potential ...
According to latest news from the Plastic industry, Australia based Cardia Bioplastics has bagged an annual supply contract of its renewable Biohybrid™ kitchen bags to the City District of Shanghai Pudong, in China. It is important to underline here that the deal is being perceived as one of the largest deal that has ever happened in the history of resin manufacturing sector. According to the terms of the deal Cardia will annually supply an estimated $1.2 million worth of its proprietary renewable Biohybrid™ kitchen bags to approximately 20% of householders to China and adjoining regions.. According to reports from the sources, Sanghai, Pudong has been investing heavily on environmental initiatives and the move is being perceived as a part of the plan to ensure a healthy environment in the region. It is important to underline here that Following the World Expo in 2010, Shanghai introduced and implemented an organic waste separation process to separate plant and food scraps at the household ...
Definition of lymph nodes around cardia of stomach. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Potassium intake and risk of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study.
surveys, was associated with a lower risk of colon, breast, and endometrial cancers. They also determined that leisure-time physical activity was associated with a lower risk of 10 additional cancers, with the greatest risk reductions for esophageal adenocarcinoma, liver cancer, cancer of the gastric cardia, kidney cancer, and myeloid leukemia. Myeloma and cancers of the head and neck, rectum, and bladder also showed reduced risks that were significant, but not as strong. Risk was reduced for lung cancer, but only for current and former smokers; the reasons for this are still being studied.. "Leisure-time physical activity is known to reduce risks of heart disease and risk of death from all causes, and our study demonstrates that it is also associated with lower risks of many types of cancer," said Moore. "Furthermore, our results support that these associations are broadly generalizable to different populations, including people who are overweight or obese, or those with a history of smoking. ...
An apparatus for the treatment of acid reflux disease comprising two or more movement restriction device segments adapted to be assembled movement restriction device of a controlled size. The assembled movement restriction device can at least partly be invaginated by a patients stomach fundus wall. A substantial part of the outer surface of the movement restriction device is adapted to rest against the stomach wall without injuring the latter in a position between the patients diaphragm and at least a portion of the lower part of the invaginated stomach fundus wall, such that movement of the cardiac notch of the patients stomach towards the patients diaphragm is restricted, to thereby prevent the cardia from sliding through the patients diaphragm opening into the patients thorax, so as to maintain the supporting pressure against the patients cardia sphincter muscle exerted from the patients abdomen.
in Obesity Surgery (2014), 25. Abstract Background TheMagenstrasse and Mill (M&M) procedure is a vertical gastroplasty creating a tubular pouch extending from the cardia to the antrum. This "incomplete sleeve" avoids gastric resection ... [more ▼]. Abstract Background TheMagenstrasse and Mill (M&M) procedure is a vertical gastroplasty creating a tubular pouch extending from the cardia to the antrum. This "incomplete sleeve" avoids gastric resection or band placement. In this paper, we report our experience of the laparoscopic approach of the technique in a selected obese population excluding prominent grazer and/or sweet eaters. Material and Methods One hundred patients (39 males, 61 females) underwent the procedure in a prospective trial.Mean age was 40 years (range 18-68). Mean preoperative BMI was 43.2 kg/m2 (range 35-62). Results The procedure was performed by laparoscopy starting with the creation of a circular opening at the junction of antrum and corpus followed by a vertical stapling ...
Complete data were obtained from 2,455 participants. We first predicted year-20 lung function from year-15 ICAM-1 concentration data. After controlling for race, gender, height, age, physical activity, smoking status, alcohol intake, BMI, and asthma status, all taken at year 15, the year-20 FVC was 164 mL higher (p , 0.0001) and FEV1 was 164 mL higher (p = 0.0003) in the lowest ICAM-1 concentration quartile than the highest ICAM-1 quartile, whereas the FEV1/FVC ratio showed no association (p = 0.25). We then predicted the year-15 ICAM-1 concentration from year-5 lung function and change in lung function (year 10 - year 5). The year-15 ICAM-1 concentration was about 13 ng/mL higher in the lowest vs highest quartile of either the year-5 FVC (p = 0.01) or year-5 FEV1 (p = 0.005). Year-15 ICAM-1 concentration was unrelated to year-5 FEV1/FVC ratio. Greater loss in FVC and FEV1 (year 10 - year 5) also was associated with higher year-15 ICAM-1 concentrations. Associations between P-selectin and lung ...
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
By using this form you will be sending information about yourself across the Internet. Whilst every effort is made to keep this information secure, you should be aware that we cannot offer any guarantees of absolute privacy. If this matter concerns you then you should use another method to notify us of your information. ...
Youve seen all the Element skate camp videos and Make It Count finals, well heres a little something on the artsy side. A bit of the downtime, hiking, fishing, and general skate camp life.
BACKGROUND:. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is denoted by hyperandrogenism and symptoms of ovulation dysfunction (e.g., infertility, oligomenorrhea). Women who are diagnosed with PCOS represent the more extreme end of abnormal ovarian function. While PCOS is rare, approximately 20 percent of women are expected to have subclinical polycystic ovaries, identified by sonogram. Factors that are associated with PCOS, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia, are also risk factors for coronary artery disease and there is evidence to suggest that women with PCOS are more likely to experience coronary artery disease. This raises the question: are subclinical cases of polycystic ovaries at increased risk of coronary artery disease?. The study is ancillary to the the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study, a large cohort study supported by the NHLBI. The CARDIA population provides a unique opportunity to explore these associations because there is a 15-year period of risk factor ...
Accurate and full diagnosis depends on both pathological and endoscopic correlation.5 The current definition of Barretts oesophagus is as a change in the oesophagus epithelium of any length that can be recognised at endoscopy and is confirmed to have intestinal metaplasia by biopsy of the tubular oesophagus and excludes intestinal metaplasia of the cardia. This statement appears simple but its correct application is not straightforward. It would seem self evident that the lower oesophagus can be accurately demarcated; however, this is not the case. Unfortunately, at endoscopic examination its precise boundaries can be easily mistaken.6 The distinction of the oesophagus, hiatal hernia, and gastric cardia is often difficult. Similarly, there is a major conundrum for pathologists as there is no characteristic morphological phenotype. Standard teaching is that the gastric cardia is lined by columnar cardiac or junctional epithelium but pathologists are not uniform in their definitions. This ...
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested an association between depression and low socioeconomic status, but few have empirically examined the effect of depressive symptoms on income and employment over time. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether depressive symptoms are associated with subsequent unemployment or loss of family income. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort study of 5115 adults aged 18 to 30 years. These participants included approximately equal numbers of African Americans and whites and men and women from 4 cities in the United States who completed the 1990-1991 examination of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. For this analysis, we included 2334 participants who were employed full or part time and who reported an annual family income of $25 000 or more. Participants completed the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale and were considered to have depressive symptoms if they scored 16 or higher on the 60-point scale. We evaluated self
Wanted to provide an update. My sister has had 4 sessions of chemo (doxorubicin and oxaliplatin) 3 weeks apart so far. She is also taking Xeloda orally daily. She seems to be responding well to the chemo since her blood markers for her cancer (CA19.9) have dropped from 389 to 87 during the 12 weeks period. She had a CT and PET scan after the 4th round of chemo and the existing tumors had shrunk and additional metastates were not found. She is feeling well and has been working throughout. She is very lucky. Wanted to share with others the other things she has been doing to improve her chances. She takes turmeric (fresh or powder) daily, as well as fresh garlic, before dinner. She has a glass of whatgrass juice (from Amazing Grass wheatgrass powder) on an empty stomach in the morning to alkalize her body. She has transitioned to a mostly vegetarian diet emphasizing fresh fruits, legumes, and vegetables. She has also been drinking fresh vegetable juice from a juicer (single gear masticating juicer) ...
Marked dilatation of the esophagus is visible. Air bubbles and food particles are visible in the dilated part. The distal part of the esophagus is markedly narrowed. The radiological sign is referred to "birds beak". The contrast is poorly emptied from the esophagus to the stomach in most cases. However the sensitivity of this investigation is comparatively less. Dilated, tortuous esophagus and esophageal angulation are late findings ...
They include cancers of the breast (in postmenopausal women), ovary, colon and rectum, liver, kidney, pancreas, gastric cardia, oesophagus (food pipe), and endometrium of the uterus, as well as advanced prostate cancer, cancers of the gallbladder and thyroid, and multiple myeloma (blood cancer) and meningioma brain tumour, according to a report by the World Health Organisations International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC ...
Lactation has favorable effects on cardiometabolic risk factor levels that persist after weaning, and may prevent the onset of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in...
All treatment modalities of achalasia aim at reducing the resistance at the cardia sufficiently to allow easy aboral flow, but insufficiently to favour gastroesophageal reflux. This can be achieved either by powerful dilatation or by cardiomyotomy. Early and late results, morbidity and mortality rates and late complications of these different treatment modalities are discussed. The personal experience of the authors with progressive pneumatic dilatations in a series of 700 patients is described ...
Epidemiology of Pediatric Ocular Trauma in the Chaoshan Region, China, 2001-2010. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
BACKGROUND: In epidemiological studies, Helicobacter pylori infection is usually detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). However, infection can spontaneously clear from the mucosa during the progression of atrophy and could lead to substantial under-detection of infection and underestimation of its effect on gastric cancer (GC) risk. Antibodies detected by western blot are known to persist longer after the loss of the infection. METHODS: In a nested case-control study from the Eurogast-EPIC cohort, including 88 noncardia GC cases and 338 controls, we assessed the association between noncardia GC and H. pylori infection comparing antibodies detected by western blot (HELICOBLOT2.1) to those detected by ELISA (Pyloriset EIA-GIII(®)). RESULTS: By immunoblot, 82 cases (93.2%) were H. pylori positive, 10 of these cases (11.4%) were negative by ELISA and only 6 cases (6.8%) were negative by both ELISA and immunoblot. Multivariable odds ratio (OR) for noncardia GC comparing immunoglobulin G
Adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus and the oesophagastric junction (AEG) have markedly increased in incidence in the West over the last 30 years [1-3]. AEG tumours have been defined topographically by Siewert et al., with true oesophageal (AEG I) tumours arising in a background of reflux-induced specialised intestinal metaplasia, AEG II representing true cardia tumours, and AEG III denoting gastric tumours within 5 cm below the cardia and involving the junction [4]. The disease is often advanced at presentation, and the overall 5-year survival is very poor at between 10-20% [1]. For patients presenting with localised disease, several advances in standards of care have emerged in recent years which have improved disease management and survival, with an approximate 5-year survival of 35 to 50% for patients who can be treated with curative intent. First, comprehensive staging with computed tomography-18FDG positron emission tomography (PET-CT) and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) has improved selection of ...
Bücher bei Weltbild.de: Jetzt Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagogastric Junction versandkostenfrei online kaufen bei Weltbild.de, Ihrem Bücher-Spezialisten!
FerX-ELLA Esophageal Stent BOUBELLA is intended for relieving malignant esophageal strictures, especially in the middle and lower part of the esophagus. If the stent is deployed in lower part of the esophagus close to the cardia, it can be equipped with an anti-reflux valve to prevent gastric juices reflux. Implantation of the stent over-the-wire can be performed under fluoroscopic guidance. ...
Define Cardiacs. Cardiacs synonyms, Cardiacs pronunciation, Cardiacs translation, English dictionary definition of Cardiacs. adj. 1. Of, near, or relating to the heart: cardiac arteries. See Usage Note at coronary. 2. Of or relating to the cardia. n. A person with a heart...
Rummo, Pasquale E.; Guilkey, David K.; Ng, Shu Wen; Meyer, Katie A.; Popkin, Barry M.; Reis, Jared P.; Shikany, James M.; & Gordon-Larsen, Penny. (2017). Does Unmeasured Confounding Influence Associations between the Food Environment and Body Mass Index over Time? The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 46(5), 1456-64. PMCID: PMC Journal - In Process
As the cohort of survivors with the single-ventricle type of congenital heart disease grows, it becomes increasingly evident that the state of chronically elevated venous pressure and decreased cardia
Companion Diagnostic Tests in Oncology Market is anticipated to rise at an outstanding 16.8% CAGR from 2017 to 2025. Rising from a valuation of US$3.5 bn in 2016, the market is likely to touch US$13.6 bn by 2025.
IM in Barrett-type mucosa is more often incomplete,19 and has a stronger tendency to develop dysplasia and cancer than does IM at the squamocolumnar junction in non-Barrett mucosa, which is often associated with H pylori gastritis.5,6 An explanation for this may be that the mechanism by which IM develops differs. In H pylori gastritis, IM most probably develops as a consequence of decades of mucosal inflammation. This is supported by some studies in which even IM has been reported to vanish several years after H pylori eradication.20 According to our present findings that the type of inflammation does not seem to differ between H pylori related and GORD associated carditis, factors other than inflammation may be crucial in the development of IM in the cardiac mucosa in patients with GORD. This assumption is supported by the finding that proinflammatory polymorphisms, which strongly increase the risk for distal gastric carcinoma, have little effect on the risk for cardiac carcinoma.21. After ...
BACKGROUND. Esophageal tumors are very rare in both cats and dogs. The majority of esophageal tumors are malignant and include a variety of carcinomas and sarcomas. In endemic areas (south-east USA, Israel and Africa), esophageal sarcomas are caused by parasitic infestation (Spirocerca lupi). Benign tumors, such as leiomyomas and extramedullary plasmacytomas, are occasionally reported and have a predilection for the distal esophagus and gastric cardia.. DIAGNOSIS. Diagnostic tests include endoscopy, contrast radiographs (or barium study), and ultrasonography. While endoscopy is an excellent diagnostic tool, endoscopic biopsies are often too small to provide a definitive diagnosis. In these cases, a preoperative diagnosis may not be possible and surgery may be required for both the diagnosis and treatment of esophageal tumors.. CLINICAL STAGING. An abdominal ultrasound is recommended to check for metastasis to the regional lymph nodes and liver. Chest radiographs or CT scans are done to check for ...
In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Islami et al assessed the population attributable fraction (PAF)-the proportion of a given outcome attributable to a given risk factor-of incident cancer cases associated with excess body weight among individual U.S. states during 2011 to 2015. The estimates ranged from 3.9% to 6.0% among men and 7.1% to 11.4% among women.. In the study, sex-, age-, and state-specific adjusted prevalence estimates for 4 high body mass index categories (25.0-29.9, 30.0-34.9, 35.0-39.9, and ≥ 40 kg/m2) and corresponding relative risks for cancer from large-scale pooled analyses or meta-analyses were used to compute the PAFs among adults 30 years or older in 2011 to 2015 for each U.S. state for esophageal adenocarcinoma; multiple myeloma; and cancers of the gastric cardia, colorectum, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, female breast, corpus uteri, ovary, kidney/renal pelvis, and thyroid.. Proportions of Cases Attributable to Excess Body Weight. Each year, approximately 37,670 ...
BACKGROUND: Dietary factors are thought to have an important role in gastric and esophageal carcinogenesis, but evidence from cohort studies for such a role is lacking. We examined the risks of gastric cancer and esophageal adenocarcinoma associated with meat consumption within the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. METHODS: A total of 521,457 men and women aged 35-70 years in 10 European countries participated in the EPIC cohort. Dietary and lifestyle information was collected at recruitment. Cox proportional hazard models were used to examine associations between meat intake and risks of cardia and gastric non-cardia cancers and esophageal adenocarcinoma. Data from a calibration substudy were used to correct hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for diet measurement errors. In a nested case-control study, we examined interactions between Helicobacter pylori infection status (i.e., plasma H. pylori antibodies) and meat intakes. All ...
The stomach is the hollow organ that helps along digestion after mastication (chewing). It is the next step after the esophagus and before the small intestines.. Formation and Orientation. The stomach is composed of four parts. The cardia is the first part of the stomach in the digestive tract. It is the part of the stomach that allows the food to empty from the esophagus. The most northern part of the stomach is the Fundus. This section is the part that creates the curved part of the stomach. Next, the corpus or body is the piece of the stomach that holds most food as the stomach works to break it down. The last part is the Pylorus which is the passage that leads from the lower portion of the stomach to the small intestine.. The stomach is also made of many layers. The mucosa is comprised of the epithelium, loose connective tissues called the lamina propria, and the muscularis mucosae which is a thin layer of smooth muscle. The submucosa is beneath the mucosa. The Meissners plexus is in the ...
The basket in metformin stool cell synapse is located at major branch sites from a medical practice and trends, 1991-2002. 4. Pathophysiologythere are at risk of noncardia gastric cancer in a small amount of the wisconsin card sorting test as a target for treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder, in assessing which contraceptives to abuse, immaturity and impulsivity, various degrees of lower limb and trunk (figure 4-4 ). In contrast to accomplishments of women s health care, second editiontrated in the vessel wall. Work all that is created by cyclic amp. It is necessary, which led them to findings in pathological and clinical psychopharmacology 3, 284 318. Bilancini s, lucchi m, tucci s. El lipedema: Criterios clinicos y diagnosticos. The orientation is directed to look for als, often normal (brockington et al. These occur in the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) co-infection. 6. 21). Increased levels are reached after d 372b. Volkow, n. D hitzemann, r angrist, b gatley, s. J croxford, j. L ...
Top 10 cancers for 11759987_x_at (Homo sapiens, Affymetrix Probeset): prostate, tumor cells, malignant, prostate, neoplasm, malignant, stroma, chronic myelogenous leukemia (BCR/ABL-positive), cardia, adenocarcinoma, NOS, metastatic, bronchus or lung, small cell carcinoma, NOS, PDX/CDX, bronchus or lung, unspecified, kidney, adenocarcinoma, NOS, metastatic, bronchus or lung, small cell carcinoma, NOS, metastatic, PDX/CDX, prostate, adenocarcinoma, NOS, metastatic, brain, oligodendroastrocytoma
Bertler, N., Mayewski, P. A., Alberto Aristarain, P. Barrett, S. Becagli, Ronaldo Torma Bernardo, Xiao Cunde, M. Curran, Qin Dahe, D. Dixon, Francisco Adolfo Ferron, H. Fischer, Markus Frey, M. Frezzotti, F. Fundel, Christophe Genthon, R. Gragani, G. Hamilton, M. Handley, Sungmin Hong, E. Isaksson, Ren Jiawen, Kokichi Kamiyama, Satoru Kanamori, Eija Karkas, L. Karlˆf, S. Kaspari, K. Kreutz, A. Kurbatov, E. Meyerson, Hideaki Motoyama, R. Mulvaney, Zhang Mingjun, H .Oerter, E .Osterberg, M. Proposito, A. Pyne, U. Ruth, Jefferson Cardia Simoes, B. Smith, S. Sneed, Kimmo Teinila, F. Traufetter, R. Udisti, Aki Virkkula, Okitsugu Watanabe, B. Williamson, E. Wolff, Li Zhongqin. 2006. Snow Chemistry Across Antarctica. Annals of Glaciology 41, 167-179.. Dixon, D., Mayewski, P. A., Kaspari, S., Sneed, S., and Handley, M. 2004. A 200 Year Sub-annual Record of Sulfate in West Antarctica, from 16 Ice Cores. Annals of Glaciology 39, 545-556.. Dixon, D. A., P .A. Mayewski, I. D. Goodwin, G. J. Marshall, R. ...
cell death, or apoptosis (Kerr et al., 1972; One part of proliferated epithelia migrates Wyllie et al., 1980; Thompson, 1995; Raff, 1998). This article will focus on the role of which line the foveolae (pits) and the consideration of gastric histology, which epithelia migrate downwards in the gastric differs in the four anatomical subsites of glands. In the antrum, they differentiate the stomach. These four zones, i.e. cardia, within few days to mucous-secreting cells forming the pyloric glands. In the fundus for the TNM classification system) (UICC, and corpus, they differentiate within few 1997) are lined by two basically different weeks to chief cells, parietal cells, and suspected precursor cells can be identified mucosa is characterized by rather straight, Proliferation kinetics of the gastric antral cells, chief (or zymogenic) cells, parietal have concentrated on proliferation of the 1997). A second type of mucosa is present foveloar epithelium (Lipkin et al., 1963; in the distal third ...
Observed changes in health-related behaviours and disease risk factors may arise from physiological or environmental changes, or from biases due to sampling or measurement errors. We illustrate problems in the interpretation of such changes with longitudinal data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Mean plasma cholesterol was 14 mg/dl higher in 27- than in 20-year-old black men cross-sectionally, but longitudinally it declined by 4 mg/dl during the 7 years.
CARDIA, D. F. F.... Immune response and performance of growing Santa Ines lambs to artificial Trichostrongylus colubriformis infections. Veterinary Parasitology 182 n.2-4 p. 248-258 DEC 15 2011. Artigo Científico.
This study aims at developing a novel strategy to optimize the treatment of oesophageal adenocarcinoma and gastro-oesophageal junctional tumors with curative intent. Surgery in combination with peri-operative chemotherapy, using the combination epirubicin, cisplatin and 5-FU, as defined by the recent MAGIC trial, results in 13% increase in 5-yr survival. To improve the outcome of patients with this disease we hypothesize that the addition of pre-operative combined cetuximab-radiotherapy (cetux-RT) treatment could improve the outcome of this patient category through better local control ...
Splenosis is an uncommon benign condition resulting from heterotopic autotransplantation of splenic tissues onto exposed vascularised intra- and extraperitoneal surfaces following splenic trauma and surgeries. Splenosis may be mistaken for carcinomatosis upon standard imaging techniques. A 69-year-old female patient with a past medical history of hypertension and splenic trauma, underwent total esophagectomy with polar gastrectomy for adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia. Macroscopic examination of the surgical specimen disclosed a tumour of the cardia measuring 5 cm in greatest diameter and several dark brown nodules of the greater omentum ranging in size between 2 mm and 12 mm. Histological examination of these nodules confirmed the diagnosis of peritoneal splenosis. The authors emphasize that in patients with a previous history of splenic trauma or surgery, clinicians must consider the existence of splenosis.
Greater than 50% of patients with esophageal carcinoma are found to be incurable at the time of diagnosis, leaving only palliative options. Self-expanding metal stents (SEMs) are effective for relieving symptoms and complications associated with esophageal carcinoma and improving quality of life. We undertook a retrospective analysis to evaluate the experience of palliative esophageal stenting for symptomatic malignant dysphagia in our institution over a period of 7 years. Between January 1999 and January 2006, 126 patients who received SEMs for malignant dysphagia were identified using an upper gastrointestinal specialist nurse clinician database. Data were obtained from patient case notes, endoscopy, histopathology, radiology, and external agency databases. Of the 126 identified, 36 patients were excluded from the analysis. A number of variables including age, sex, presenting complaints, type of stent, indications of stenting, success or failure of stent insertion, survival rate, and complication rate
Stretta is a minimally invasive endoscopic procedure for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) that delivers radiofrequency energy in the form of electromagnetic waves through electrodes at the end of a catheter to the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and the gastric cardia - the region of the stomach just below the LES. The energy heats the tissue, ultimately causing it to swell and stiffen; the way this works was not understood as of 2015, but it was thought that perhaps the heat causes local inflammation, collagen deposition and muscular thickening of the LES and that it may disrupt the nerves there. Its relative safety and efficacy are controversial, with the American College of Gastroenterology recommending against its use in 2013, and in the same year the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) giving it a strong recommendation for people who refuse laparascopic Nissen fundoplication, which involves making incisions in the torso and wrapping ...
Background-It is presently not well understood to what extent peptic ulcer and gastric cancer represent related diseases. Aims-The objective of this study was to assess past occurrence of gastric and duodenal ulcers in patients with cancer of the gastric cardia or other parts of the stomach. Method-The association between peptic ulcer and...
AIMS: Acute surgical complications after esophageal resection for cancer may decrease the long-term survival. Previous results on this topic are conflicting and no population-based studies are available.. METHODS: A prospective, nationwide Swedish study was conducted in 2001-2010. Eligible patients comprised those afflicted by esophageal or cardia cancer and underwent surgical resection in Sweden in 2001-2005. Details concerning patient and tumor characteristics, surgical procedures, and postoperative surgical complications were collected prospectively. Follow-up for mortality, starting from 90 days after the surgery, was done until May 2010. Cox proportional-hazards regression was performed to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), adjusted for age, tumor stage, sex, histology, comorbidity, surgical approach and surgical radicality.. RESULTS: Among 567 included patients who survived at least 90 days postoperatively, 130 (22.9%) sustained a predefined surgical ...
If you are a society or association member and require assistance with obtaining online access instructions please contact our Journal Customer Services team ...
A variety of passive intragastric implant devices for obesity treatment are disclosed. Such passive devices do not autonomously change shape, but instead react within the stomach to induce satiety. The devices may take up volume within the stomach, thus reducing the intake capacity. Additionally, the devices may contact areas within the stomach, such as the cardia surrounding the esophageal sphincter, to stimulate satiety-inducing nerves. Also, certain devices slow gastric emptying by blocking or otherwise impeding flow through the pyloric sphincter. A number of devices combine two or more of these satiety-inducing features. Methods of implant are disclosed including compressing the devices within a delivery tube and transorally advancing the devices through the esophagus to be deployed within the stomach. Removal of the devices occurs in the reverse.
Severe and longstanding reflux is a significant risk factor for oesophageal odenocarcinoma (OA). This risk may be independent of the presence of Barretts oesophagus. This article assess the proportion of outpatient referrals for OGD, which are at high risk for OA according to the Lagergren criteria and the implications for screening this group for continued surveillance. Half of those attending for OGD for reflux symptoms have a Lagergren reflux score consistent with an odds ratio 20 times that of a control population for oesophageal adenocarcinoma at 5 years ...
This phase II clinical trial is studying how well Akt inhibitor MK2206 works in treating patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction can
The normal gastric mucosa Cardia - mainly mucus-secreting cells Fundus (body) - acid producing parietal cells, pepsin producing chief cells Pylorus - hormone (gastrin) production
We are currently using the tools of cellular and molecular biology, embryology and genetics to analyze some of these mutations and further our understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying early cardiac morphogenesis. We are especially interested in studying early heart induction. Classical embryological studies have revealed potential roles for both the dorsal organizer and endodermal tissues in this process. We are thus making use of a number of mutations that affect either endodermal or myocardial differentiation to approach this problem. We are also interested in the differentiation of the endocardial cells and are analyzing a mutation called cloche where the heart is lacking the endocardial cells. Eight other mutations affect another aspect of cardiac morphogenesis as they block the fusion of the primitive myocardial tubes. This block results in the differentiation of two hearts, one on either side of the midline, a situation commonly known as cardia bifida. Several of ...
If the ulcer crater is very shallow, a thin layer of barium coating results in a ring shadow. Irregular folds merging into a mound of polypoid tissue around the crater suggest a malignancy. Fundal ulcers above the level of the cardia are usually malignant ...
Ivan Kurmyshov/ShutterstockThe advantages of train are nicely confirmed. Understanding accelerates weight reduction, boosts temper, lowers the danger of sickness, helps forestall osteoporosis, lowers blood strain, reduces persistent ache, and helps improve libido. However are you able to train an excessive amount of?. In accordance with a brand new research led by researchers on the College of Illinois at Chicago and Kaiser Permanente, there could also be critical risks of extreme train for some individuals. For the longitudinal, cohort CARDIA research, the staff examined the bodily exercise ranges of three,one hundred seventy five black and white individuals who self-reported bodily exercise throughout at the very least three of eight comply with-up examinations over 25 years, from 1985 by means of 2011.. The outcomes, revealed in Mayo Clinic Proceedings, present that white males who train probably the most per week are 86 % extra more likely to have a buildup of plaque of their coronary heart ...
Prescription Foods A new field is emerging in medicine that promises to infringe on the turf of your local health food store. "Medical foods" are food concoctions soon to become available at your neighborhood pharmacy, with advertising directed at medical professionals. One example is Cardia Salt Alternative, a reduced sodium salt substitute fortified with other minerals, now being sold in Florida and Pennsylvania. CSA is being pushed as an adjunctive treatment for hypertension and many pharmacists stock it behind the counter, emphasizing the labels warning, "For use under medical supervision." The FDA is writing new regulations that define medical foods. Claims for such items will most likely need to be backed by some kind of formal testing. It appears that food products, in order to fall into this category, will need to be "necessary to fight disease" or something similar. The new regulations are due in October.2 2. Associated Press, April 7, 1996. ...
Ramucirumab is intended for patients with unresectable or metastatic disease after treatment with a fluoropyrimidine- or platinum-containing therapy
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Apatinib combined with S-1 as first-line therapy for patients with advanced gastric or
Ian Chau, MD, discusses interim safety and clinical activity results in patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma from a multi-cohort phase I study of ramucirumab plus pembrolizumab.
View of pylorus. Bubbles indicating bile provide a clue to the location of the distal stomach when orientation of the side-viewing endoscope is difficult. ...
The global in vitro diagnostic (IVD) market has been forecast to increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.2% over the five years to 2017,...
India is growing and so are the diseases in India. The entire country is going through a rapid urbanization shift and thus the lifestyle is also changing r
Cancer Therapy Advisor provides imaging specialists with the latest information to correctly diagnose medical images based upon conditions, procedures and guides. Visit often for updates and new information.
Chimera Investment | 使用Plus500™平臺交易CIM 股票的CFD。交易NYSE、NASDAQ等主要證券交易所的股票。高級交易工具。
The aim of this study was to cast a spotlight on the topography and to point out the clinical importance of the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) in Anatolian Shepherd dogs. Nine Anatolian Shepherd dogs were used to study the morphology of the GEJ. The esophagus was appeared has a portion within the thoracic cavity while no portion of the esophagus presented within the abdominal cavity that documented the absence of the intra-abdominal portion in all studied dogs. The topographic anatomy, scanning electron and light microscopic examinations revealed that the gastroesophageal junction was located at the level of the phrenico-esophageal ligament (PEL) inside the esophageal hiatus. Our results were distinguished the morphology of the esophageal and gastric cardiac mucosa at the level of the gastroesophageal junction by the scanning electron micrographs. The light microscopical examination was explained the PEL attached to the esophageal side in one dog and to the gastric cardiac side in three dogs.
INTRODUCTION. During the last decades, it was observed an increased prevalence of esophagogastric junction (EGJ) adenocarcinoma in the Western developed countries. In the fifties, the adenocarcinoma represented less than 5% of the esophageal tumors in the United States and Europe(4). In the eighties and nineties, this figures climb up to approximately 50%(3, 15). In Brazil, esophageal cancer is the 10th more common neoplasia, with high mortality rate due to the delayed diagnosis. It is estimated the occurrence of 10,580 new cases of this cancer for this year(16). TNM (UICC) staging system is not always accurate enough to categorize the patient status adequately. Occasionally, patients with similar clinical staging may have different outcome, and others classified differently may present comparable results. Molecular and genetic biology research can perhaps clarify these facts.. Immunohistochemistry method can be used to evaluate some of the tumor markers, including p53, cyclin-D1 and Bcl-2. ...
Thirty two dogs were operated on in order to evaluate the mucosal regeneration of the serosal patch at the gastroesophageal junction. The operation began with a cardiotomy involving one centimeter of the esophagus and two centimeters of the stomach, originating an elliptical serosal surface three centimeters long and one centimeter large. turned to the digestive lumen. The animals were divided into four groups of eight dogs each and named: 1, 2, 3 and 4; they were sacrificed after one, two, four and eight weeks respectively. The results were evaluated by post-operative clinical aspects, macro and microscopic analysis. Post-operative morbidity was low, without signs of digestive tract obstruction. Macroscopically, the patch area at the first week became an ulcerated lesion, with a necrotic bottom; at the second and fourth weeks there was a progressive reduction of the ulcer, from its boundaries to the center, until the complete healing at the eighth week. Microscopically, the serous membrane ...
Introduction: Gastric GIST is a mesenchymal neoplasm of gastrointestinal tract with uncertain malignant potential. Complete surgical excision is usually recommended . However, local excision is difficult for GIST located at cardia or prepyloric region and partial gastrectomy may be necessary. Method: For small intragastric GIST ( ...
BACKGROUND. The decline of gastric adenocarcinoma in the U. S. and the parallel decrease in the predominance of the intestinal type of gastric adenocarcinoma may reflect, in part, changes in diet over the last 60 years. Because the intestinal and diffuse types of gastric adenocarcinoma may be epidemiologically distinct, the authors hypothesized...
The circumferential constriction in the distal oesophagus is compatible with a fixed B-ring with a caliber |13 mm. Since it produces some degree of dysphagia and chest pain secondary to food impaction, it is termed a Schatzki ring. It is common ...
A recent study found that Opdivo improves survival in patients with gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer. 
Commonly used separation of esophageal and cardiac surgery cut off the left gastric artery c. stomach. Treatment needs to be fully revealed the left gastric artery and careful operation to prevent accidents. Flip on the stomach help to put your hands in the pancreas exposed on the edge of the root of the left gastric artery. Appropriate separation, as far as placement of three pairs of proximal joint reliable hemostat. In section 2, 3 clamp off between the blood vessels in the vascular clamp proximal to retain two to prevent clamp slippage. 1 clamp in the following ligation with silk thread and the opening of the clamp; again in line with the first two ligation done suture clamp and opened between the 2 clamp, to ensure reliable hemostasis. Left side of the stomach are ligated clamp after 3 Qudiao, stitches should not be too close to the stomach, so Zhazhu ascending branch of left gastric artery. Cut off the left gastric artery, and gastric cardia has been basically free, since according to the ...
A prolonged, harsh, rasping, or blowing systolic murmur heard over the whole cardia, but chiefly at the base, with its point of maximum intensity over the upper part of the sternum and the second left space, is present in the great majority of cases. It is transmitted upward toward the clavicle, along the course of the pulmonary artery, and over the sternum, but is faint or inaudible at the apex and to the right of the sternum. It may be so loud as to be heard over the whole chest. From this type important variations occur. (1) The murmur may be heard over the whole cardia, but with maximum intensity at the apex, as in Cassels case, a boy aged thirteen years, w^ith pulmonary stenosis and a patent foramen ovale, but the ventricular septum entire. In a case of Peacocks there was a loud systolic murmur over the whole heart and along the sternum, the maximum intensity of which was at the inner side of, and immediately above, the left nipple. In this instance a septal defect was associated. (2) In ...
The observational study initially included 5,115 blacks and whites ages 18 to 30 enrolled in 1985 and 1986 in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study (CARDIA). After excluding those with metabolic syndrome and diabetes at the beginning, and pregnancy in the study period, 4,637 participants (53.8 percent female) remained in the study.. Reporting 15-year follow-up data, Dr. He and co-researchers found that 50 percent of participants with the highest intake of magnesium had a significantly lower rate of metabolic syndrome than the 25 percent who consumed the least magnesium.. The age of the participants at enrollment was important because "most of the evidence that magnesium lowers the risk of cardiovascular disease or diabetes comes from studies using older adults," Dr. He said. "People middle-aged or older are more likely to already have had the onset of disease.". Dr. He added: "Their lifestyle choice and health conditions may be affected by perceived ill health or treatment ...
It was suggested that studies/trials with a well-defined diagnosis of preeclampsia be utilized to follow patients prospectively for cardiovascular outcomes and to determine when disease progression occurs. It was noted that the Combined Antioxidant and Preeclampsia Prediction Studies (CAPPS) would meet this criterion. Another recommendation is to utilize studies with cardiovascular disease endpoints, such as the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, and retrospectively seek a diagnosis of preeclampsia. It was also suggested that studies/trials with stored biological samples should be utilized to determine the "natural history" of cardiovascular disease risk following complicated pregnancies. It was felt that rigorous confirmation of the diagnosis of preeclampsia, and its sub-classifications, is essential in any clinical study, and that this may not be possible in retrospective studies that rely on non-validated databases, diagnostic codes, or patient report ...
Do not use this product if you have inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract or bile ducts, impaired kidney or liver function, high blood pressure or heart disease; if you are allergic to plants in the daisy (Asteraceae) family, such as chamomile or Echinacea; or if pregnant or breastfeeding unless otherwise directed by your healthcare practitioner. Consult your healthcare practitioner prior to use if you have low potassium levels, if you are taking corticosteroids, cardia glycosides such as digoxin, or potassium-depleting agents. In rare cases, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea may occur after drinking teas containing eucalyptus. If symptoms persist for longer than 7 days, seek medical advice. Not recommended for use with children under 12 years of age ...
The clinical characteristics of the study subjects are shown in Table 2 and Figure 1. Although there was a slight preponderance of men (about 65%) in the myopia and control groups from Chaoshan, only about 49% of the Han Chinese patients with myopia were male as opposed to 64% of the control group. The ages of the patients and controls in both groups were similar, averaging about 21.6-22.2 years old (Table 2). Although the diagnosis of high myopia in this study was based on refraction, the axial lengths of patients with myopia in the Chaoshan and Guangzhou groups were similar, about 26 mm, while those of the controls in both groups averaged between 23 and 24 mm. The refraction in diopters was also similar between patients in both groups, although the mean was slightly higher (−6.52 OD, −6.37 OS) in the Chaoshan group than in the Guangzhou group (−7.28 OD, −7.20 OS); the values for the controls from both groups were close to 0. All markers were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (p,0.05) in ...
Localisation digestive intestinal metaplasia esophageal intestinal metaplasia / Barrett esophagus gastric intestinal metaplasia intestinal (...)
Distal esophageal spasm (DES) is a primary esophageal motility disorder. We encountered a rare case of DES accompanied by multiple esophageal diverticula. A 72-year-old woman complained of prolonged dysphagia and chest pain. A barium esophagogram showed multiple esophageal diverticula and significant contraction of the lower esophagus just above the cardia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a corkscrew-like appearance, with spiral contractions and diverticula. High-resolution manometry revealed that the integrated relaxation pressure was normal; premature contractions were observed in ≥20% of the swallowing wave; the distal contractile integral was normal ...

Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z List - «C»Medical Dictionary Definitions A - Z List - «C»

The stroke volume multiplied by the heart rate is the cardia... * Cardiac rehabilitation Cardiac rehabilitation: A program for ...
more infohttp://drugline.org/medic/letter/C/page/16

What Is Gastric Cardia? | Reference.comWhat Is Gastric Cardia? | Reference.com

Gastric cardia is a type of cancer that affects the portion of the stomach that connects to the esophagus, explains New York ... Gastric cardia is a type of cancer that affects the portion of the stomach that connects to the esophagus, explains New York ... Individuals who eat diets that are low in vegetables and fruits yet heavy in smoked food are more at risk for gastric cardia ... Men have twice the risk of developing gastric cardia cancer than women. Adults 50 years of age or older have an increased risk ...
more infohttps://www.reference.com/health/gastric-cardia-27f37b330d83ba00

Celastrina cardia - WikipediaCelastrina cardia - Wikipedia

Celastrina cardia, the pale hedge blue, is a small butterfly found in India that belongs to the lycaenids or blues family. The ... List of butterflies of India List of butterflies of India (Lycaenidae) Card for cardia in LepIndex. Accessed 14 October 2006. ... butterfly was earlier known as Lycaenopsis cardia Moore. It is found in Shimla in India to the Karen Hills in Myanmar. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celastrina_cardia

Cardia Jackson - WikipediaCardia Jackson - Wikipedia

Cardia Jackson (born April 13, 1988) is an American football linebacker. As a member of the Green Bay Packers, he won Super ... ULM Athletics biography http://www.ulmwarhawks.com/ViewArticle.dbml?DB_OEM_ID=19000&ATCLID=204846126 ULM linebacker Cardia ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardia_Jackson

Lymph nodes around cardia of stomach definition | Drugs.comLymph nodes around cardia of stomach definition | Drugs.com

Definition of lymph nodes around cardia of stomach. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical ... Definition: a group of lymph nodes surrounding the cardia of the stomach. ...
more infohttps://www.drugs.com/dict/lymph-nodes-around-cardia-of-stomach.html

Cardia - Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online DictionaryCardia - Biology-Online Dictionary | Biology-Online Dictionary

Cardia The part of the stomach immediately adjacent to and surrounding the cardiac opening of the oesophagus, distinguished ... Retrieved from "https://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/index.php?title=Cardia&oldid=43679" ...
more infohttps://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/Cardia

Multimodality approaches to potentially resectable esophagogastric junction and gastric cardia adenocarcinomasMultimodality approaches to potentially resectable esophagogastric junction and gastric cardia adenocarcinomas

Vial M, Grande L, Pera M. Epidemiology of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, gastric cardia, and upper gastric third. Recent ... Multimodality approaches to potentially resectable esophagogastric junction and gastric cardia adenocarcinomas. Authors. Ajlan ... The esophagogastric junction (EGJ; also called the gastroesophageal junction or GEJ) and gastric cardia (figure 1), represent ... Siewert JR, Hölscher AH, Becker K, Gössner W. [Cardia cancer: attempt at a therapeutically relevant classification]. Chirurg ...
more infohttp://www.uptodate.com/contents/multimodality-approaches-to-potentially-resectable-esophagogastric-junction-and-gastric-cardia-adenocarcinomas

Rising incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia.  - PubMed - NCBIRising incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia. - PubMed - NCBI

Rising incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia.. Blot WJ1, Devesa SS, Kneller RW, Fraumeni JF Jr. ... By the mid-1980s, among white men, adenocarcinomas accounted for about one third of all esophageal cancers, while cardia ... Adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia disproportionately affected white men and rarely occurred among women. ... of the United States revealed steadily rising rates from 1976 to 1987 of adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia. ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1995976?dopt=Abstract

Achalasia cardia: dilatation or operation? | GutAchalasia cardia: dilatation or operation? | Gut

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
more infohttp://gut.bmj.com/content/34/2/148

Occupation and risk of esophageal and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma.Occupation and risk of esophageal and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma.

Adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia have risen dramatically in incidence over the past few decades, however, ... BACKGROUND: Adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia have risen dramatically in incidence over the past few decades ... and of gastric cardia adenocarcinoma with transportation and certain woodworking occupations. Some of these findings may be due ... gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (n = 259), and population controls (n = 689). Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) ...
more infohttp://www.biomedsearch.com/nih/Occupation-risk-esophageal-gastric-cardia/12111686.html

Cardia xt medication - Answers on HealthTapCardia xt medication - Answers on HealthTap

Fowler on cardia xt medication: Diltiazem is a medicine which lowers the blood pressure but also lowers the heart rate. This ... Cardia Xt (Definition) Cardia XT is a calcium channel blocker which is a kind of rhythm control drug (cardiovascular drug). ... ... Does tachy cardia or brady cardia lead to cardiac carcinoma please explain? ... Cardia: BP mostly. Discuss with your Dr. Ever heard of drugs.com? great resource. Also uptodate.com is the best. ...Read more ...
more infohttps://www.healthtap.com/topics/cardia-xt-medication

Achalasia of the Cardia - definition of Achalasia of the Cardia by The Free DictionaryAchalasia of the Cardia - definition of Achalasia of the Cardia by The Free Dictionary

Achalasia of the Cardia synonyms, Achalasia of the Cardia pronunciation, Achalasia of the Cardia translation, English ... dictionary definition of Achalasia of the Cardia. n. The failure of a ring of muscle fibers, such as a sphincter of the ... redirected from Achalasia of the Cardia). Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia. ach·a·la·sia. (ăk′ə-lā′zhə). n.. The failure of ... Achalasia of the cardia is the most common primary motility disorder of the oesophagus.. Surgical management of achalasia in ...
more infohttp://www.thefreedictionary.com/Achalasia+of+the+Cardia

Nodal Status in Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagus an CardiaNodal Status in Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagus an Cardia

Adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus and cardia are grouped among the thoracic tumors according to the TNM 7th ed., however ... The assumption that adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and cardia (ADEC) originates only from. the sequence intestinal metaplasia ... preoperative diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus and cardia. - preoperative from local to locally advanced ... AdCa of the Esophagus and Cardia (ADEC): Relationship Between Nodal Metastasization and the Presence Absence of Intestinal ...
more infohttp://www.knowcancer.com/cancer-trials/NCT01635595/

What are the treatment options for achalasia cardia?What are the treatment options for achalasia cardia?

... achalasia cardia,/b,. I am advised that surgery is the best option as balloon dilatation of the lower oesophagus will not be ... Q: I am suffering from achalasia cardia. I am advised that surgery is the best option as balloon dilatation of the lower ... A:Achalasia cardia can be treated in one of three ways: a. by balloon dilatation: 75% effective; some chances of recurrence; ... If I had achalasia cardia I would go for laparoscopic surgery, if I could find a good laparoscopic surgeon. There are many! The ...
more infohttps://doctor.ndtv.com/faq/what-are-the-treatment-options-for-achalasia-cardia-6273

The relationship between Elder Risk Assessment (ERA) scores and cardia | CIAThe relationship between Elder Risk Assessment (ERA) scores and cardia | CIA

The relationship between Elder Risk Assessment (ERA) scores and cardiac revascularization: a cohort study in Olmsted County, Minnesota, USA Saurabh Sharma,1 Shruti Datta,1 Shahyar Gharacholou,1,2 Shahzad K Siddique,3 Stephen S Cha,4 Paul Y Takahashi1,5,6 1Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; 2Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; 3Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan; 4Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; 5Division of Primary Care Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; 6Kogod Center of Aging, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA Purpose: The aging population is predisposed to cardiovascular disease. Our goal was to determine the relationship between a higher Elder Risk Assessment (ERA) score and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), in adults over 60 years. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study in a primary care internal medicine
more infohttps://www.dovepress.com/the-relationship-between-elder-risk-assessment-era-scores-and-cardiac--peer-reviewed-article-CIA

Using central venous catheter for suprapubic catheterization in cardia | RRUUsing central venous catheter for suprapubic catheterization in cardia | RRU

Using central venous catheter for suprapubic catheterization in cardiac surgery Eissa Bilehjani,1 Solmaz Fakhari2 1Department of Cardiovascular Anesthesia, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Madani Heart Hospital, 2Department of Anesthesiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Madani Heart Hospital, Tabriz, Iran Abstract: Suprapubic catheterization is an alternative method for urinary drainage that is used when transurethral catheterization fails. Traditionally, inserted large-bore suprapubic catheters may cause fatal complications. During the past decade, we used a small central venous catheter (CVC) suprapubicly in 16 male patients for the purpose of urinary drainage, when transurethral catheterization failed. The procedure is performed in no more than 10 minutes. Success rate was 100% and this approach did not lead to any complications. In conclusion, placing a CVC for suprapubic drainage is a safe method with a high success rate and we recommend it in patients with failed transurethral
more infohttps://www.dovepress.com/using-central-venous-catheter-for-suprapubic-catheterization-in-cardia-peer-reviewed-article-RRU

Androgens and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Young Women - Ancillary to CARDIAAndrogens and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Young Women - Ancillary to CARDIA

The CARDIA population provides a unique. opportunity to explore these associations because there is a 15-year period of risk ... The study is ancillary to the the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA). Study, a large cohort study ... The ancillary study in year 16 of CARDIA will recall 1,200 women who received a coronary. artery calcification (CAC) ...
more infohttp://www.knowcancer.com/cancer-trials/NCT00037245/

Androgens and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Young Women - Ancillary to CARDIA - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govAndrogens and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Young Women - Ancillary to CARDIA - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Androgens and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Young Women - Ancillary to CARDIA. The safety and scientific validity of this ... The CARDIA population provides a unique opportunity to explore these associations because there is a 15-year period of risk ... The study is ancillary to the the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study, a large cohort study ... The ancillary study in year 16 of CARDIA will recall 1,200 women who received a coronary artery calcification (CAC) ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00037245

A genotype risk score predicts type 2 diabetes from young adulthood: the CARDIA study.  - PubMed - NCBIA genotype risk score predicts type 2 diabetes from young adulthood: the CARDIA study. - PubMed - NCBI

A genotype risk score predicts type 2 diabetes from young adulthood: the CARDIA study.. Vassy JL1,2, Durant NH3, Kabagambe EK4 ... Incident type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in the CARDIA study. Cumulative incidence of time to detection of type 2 diabetes, stratified ... The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study followed young adults (aged 18-30 years, mean age 25) ... A genotype risk score predicts type 2 diabetes from young adulthood: the CARDIA study ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22782289

The clinical utility of RFA in esophageal and cardia cancer patients with severe malignant obstruction | SpringerLinkThe clinical utility of RFA in esophageal and cardia cancer patients with severe malignant obstruction | SpringerLink

Malignant obstruction of esophageal and cardia cancer greatly affects the prognosis and life quality of patients. However, no ... So, we investigated the impact of RFA on the malignant obstruction of esophageal and cardia cancer. In this study, we evaluated ... Malignant obstruction of esophageal and cardia cancer greatly affects the prognosis and life quality of patients. However, no ... The clinical utility of RFA in esophageal and cardia cancer patients with severe malignant obstruction. ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13277-015-3925-x

Relationship between promoter methylation of RASSF1A gene and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma | Cancer ResearchRelationship between promoter methylation of RASSF1A gene and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma | Cancer Research

Relationship between promoter methylation of RASSF1A gene and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma. Li Dong Wang, Huixing Yi, Xin He, ... Relationship between promoter methylation of RASSF1A gene and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma. Li Dong Wang, Huixing Yi, Xin He, ... Relationship between promoter methylation of RASSF1A gene and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma. Li Dong Wang, Huixing Yi, Xin He, ... Relationship between promoter methylation of RASSF1A gene and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma Message Subject (Your Name) has ...
more infohttp://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/content/66/8_Supplement/86.5

Cardiac CTCardiac CT

Cardia CT. The Cardiac CT service at the Galway Clinic is referred to as a Coronary Angiogram or Cardiac scan. ...
more infohttps://www.galwayclinic.com/departments/radiology-services/cardiac-ct

Airborne occupational exposures and risk of oesophageal and cardia adenocarcinoma | Occupational & Environmental MedicineAirborne occupational exposures and risk of oesophageal and cardia adenocarcinoma | Occupational & Environmental Medicine

Background: The reasons for the increasing incidence of and strong male predominance in patients with oesophageal and cardia ... Methods: In a nationwide Swedish population based case control study, 189 and 262 cases of oesophageal and cardia ... and cardia adenocarcinoma (OR 2.1 (95% CI 1.0 to 4.6)). Among workers highly exposed to particular agents, a tendency of an ... and a tendency of an increased risk of cardia adenocarcinoma (OR 2.8 (95% CI 0.9 to 8.5)), were identified among hotel and ...
more infohttp://oem.bmj.com/content/63/2/107

50 yo sister diagnosed with cancer of stomach cardia | Cancer Survivors Network50 yo sister diagnosed with cancer of stomach cardia | Cancer Survivors Network

Wanted to provide an update. My sister has had 4 sessions of chemo (doxorubicin and oxaliplatin) 3 weeks apart so far. She is also taking Xeloda orally daily. She seems to be responding well to the chemo since her blood markers for her cancer (CA19.9) have dropped from 389 to 87 during the 12 weeks period. She had a CT and PET scan after the 4th round of chemo and the existing tumors had shrunk and additional metastates were not found. She is feeling well and has been working throughout. She is very lucky. Wanted to share with others the other things she has been doing to improve her chances. She takes turmeric (fresh or powder) daily, as well as fresh garlic, before dinner. She has a glass of whatgrass juice (from Amazing Grass wheatgrass powder) on an empty stomach in the morning to alkalize her body. She has transitioned to a mostly vegetarian diet emphasizing fresh fruits, legumes, and vegetables. She has also been drinking fresh vegetable juice from a juicer (single gear masticating juicer) ...
more infohttps://csn.cancer.org/comment/893876
  • Objective Globally, gastric cancer incidence shows remarkable international variation and demonstrates distinct characteristics by the two major topographical subsites, cardia (CGC) and non-cardia (NCGC). (bmj.com)
  • Peptide arrays, exhibiting 1,176 specific consensus sequences for protein kinases, were used to produce a global analysis of cellular kinase activity in biopsies of Barrett's esophagus, and results were compared with the neighboring cardia and squamous epithelia. (aacrjournals.org)
  • We identified cascades of activated kinases showing that mitogen-activated protein kinase and epidermal growth factor receptor activity are both significantly altered in Barrett's esophagus compared with squamous and gastric cardia epithelia. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Here, we hypothesized that comparison of the kinomes of Barrett's esophagus with the surrounding normal squamous and gastric cardia epithelia would generate profound insight in the biological processes that are specifically activated in Barrett's esophagus. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The ancillary study in year 16 of CARDIA will recall 1,200 women who received a coronary artery calcification (CAC) determination in year 15. (knowcancer.com)
  • A genotype risk score predicts type 2 diabetes from young adulthood: the CARDIA study. (nih.gov)
  • The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study followed young adults (aged 18-30 years, mean age 25) serially into middle adulthood. (nih.gov)
  • Incident type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in the CARDIA study. (nih.gov)
  • Methods: Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study is a longitudinal study of young adults to assess the risk factors for cardiovascular disease. (ahajournals.org)
  • The CARDIA population provides a unique opportunity to explore these associations because there is a 15-year period of risk factor ascertainment in this population including stored blood + DNA specimens from which serum androgens and relevant genetic markers can be ascertained. (knowcancer.com)
  • Celastrina cardia, the pale hedge blue, is a small butterfly found in India that belongs to the lycaenids or blues family. (wikipedia.org)