That part of the STOMACH close to the opening from ESOPHAGUS into the stomach (cardiac orifice), the ESOPHAGOGASTRIC JUNCTION. The cardia is so named because of its closeness to the HEART. Cardia is characterized by the lack of acid-forming cells (GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS).
Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.
Tumors or cancer of the ESOPHAGUS.
A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
The area covering the terminal portion of ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of STOMACH at the cardiac orifice.
A motility disorder of the ESOPHAGUS in which the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER (near the CARDIA) fails to relax resulting in functional obstruction of the esophagus, and DYSPHAGIA. Achalasia is characterized by a grossly contorted and dilated esophagus (megaesophagus).
A condition with damage to the lining of the lower ESOPHAGUS resulting from chronic acid reflux (ESOPHAGITIS, REFLUX). Through the process of metaplasia, the squamous cells are replaced by a columnar epithelium with cells resembling those of the INTESTINE or the salmon-pink mucosa of the STOMACH. Barrett's columnar epithelium is a marker for severe reflux and precursor to ADENOCARCINOMA of the esophagus.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Africa.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
A condition in which there is a change of one adult cell type to another similar adult cell type.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Retrograde flow of gastric juice (GASTRIC ACID) and/or duodenal contents (BILE ACIDS; PANCREATIC JUICE) into the distal ESOPHAGUS, commonly due to incompetence of the LOWER ESOPHAGEAL SPHINCTER.
They are oval or bean shaped bodies (1 - 30 mm in diameter) located along the lymphatic system.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.
Social media model for enabling public involvement and recruitment in participation. Use of social media to collect feedback and recruit volunteer subjects.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.
Excision of part (partial) or all (total) of the esophagus. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.
Use of a balloon catheter for dilation of an occluded artery. It is used in treatment of arterial occlusive diseases, including renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions in the leg. For the specific technique of BALLOON DILATION in coronary arteries, ANGIOPLASTY, BALLOON, CORONARY is available.
Reconstruction or repair of a blood vessel, which includes the widening of a pathological narrowing of an artery or vein by the removal of atheromatous plaque material and/or the endothelial lining as well, or by dilatation (BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY) to compress an ATHEROMA. Except for ENDARTERECTOMY, usually these procedures are performed via catheterization as minimally invasive ENDOVASCULAR PROCEDURES.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
Dilation of an occluded coronary artery (or arteries) by means of a balloon catheter to restore myocardial blood supply.
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The premier bibliographic database of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLINE® (MEDLARS Online) is the primary subset of PUBMED and can be searched on NLM's Web site in PubMed or the NLM Gateway. MEDLINE references are indexed with MEDICAL SUBJECT HEADINGS (MeSH).
Publications in any medium issued in successive parts bearing numerical or chronological designations and intended to be continued indefinitely. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p203)
A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.
Abnormally infrequent menstruation.
Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.
A condition caused by the excessive secretion of ANDROGENS from the ADRENAL CORTEX; the OVARIES; or the TESTES. The clinical significance in males is negligible. In women, the common manifestations are HIRSUTISM and VIRILISM as seen in patients with POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME and ADRENOCORTICAL HYPERFUNCTION.
The veins and arteries of the HEART.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Further or repeated use of equipment, instruments, devices, or materials. It includes additional use regardless of the original intent of the producer as to disposability or durability. It does not include the repeated use of fluids or solutions.
The act of dilating.
Measurement of the pressure or tension of liquids or gases with a manometer.
The condition of an anatomical structure's being dilated beyond normal dimensions.
A systemic autoimmune disorder that typically affects medium and large ARTERIES, usually leading to occlusive granulomatous vasculitis with transmural infiltrate containing multinucleated GIANT CELLS. The TEMPORAL ARTERY is commonly involved. This disorder appears primarily in people over the age of 50. Symptoms include FEVER; FATIGUE; HEADACHE; visual impairment; pain in the jaw and tongue; and aggravation of pain by cold temperatures. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed)
Addition of methyl groups to DNA. DNA methyltransferases (DNA methylases) perform this reaction using S-ADENOSYLMETHIONINE as the methyl group donor.
Arteries arising from the external carotid or the maxillary artery and distributing to the temporal region.
Medical specialty concerned with environmental factors that may impinge upon human disease, and development of methods for the detection, prevention, and control of environmentally related disease.
Medical specialty concerned with the promotion and maintenance of the physical and mental health of employees in occupational settings.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.

Symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux as a risk factor for esophageal adenocarcinoma. (1/293)

BACKGROUND: The causes of adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia are poorly understood. We conducted an epidemiologic investigation of the possible association between gastroesophageal reflux and these tumors. METHODS: We performed a nationwide, population-based, case-control study in Sweden. Case ascertainment was rapid, and all cases were classified uniformly. Information on the subjects' history of gastroesophageal reflux was collected in personal interviews. The odds ratios were calculated by logistic regression, with multivariate adjustment for potentially confounding variables. RESULTS: Of the patients interviewed, the 189 with esophageal adenocarcinoma and the 262 with adenocarcinoma of the cardia constituted 85 percent of the 529 patients in Sweden who were eligible for the study during the period from 1995 through 1997. For comparison, we interviewed 820 control subjects from the general population and 167 patients with esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma. Among persons with recurrent symptoms of reflux, as compared with persons without such symptoms, the odds ratios were 7.7 (95 percent confidence interval, 5.3 to 11.4) for esophageal adenocarcinoma and 2.0 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.4 to 2.9) for adenocarcinoma of the cardia. The more frequent, more severe, and longer-lasting the symptoms of reflux, the greater the risk. Among persons with long-standing and severe symptoms of reflux, the odds ratios were 43.5 (95 percent confidence interval, 18.3 to 103.5) for esophageal adenocarcinoma and 4.4 (95 percent confidence interval, 1.7 to 11.0) for adenocarcinoma of the cardia. The risk of esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma was not associated with reflux (odds ratio, 1.1; 95 percent confidence interval, 0.7 to 1.9). CONCLUSIONS: There is a strong and probably causal relation between gastroesophageal reflux and esophageal adenocarcinoma. The relation between reflux and adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia is relatively weak.  (+info)

Evaluating gastric cancer misclassification: a potential explanation for the rise in cardia cancer incidence. (2/293)

BACKGROUND: Reports of dramatic increases in gastric cardia cancer incidence warrant concern. However, the recent introduction of a separate diagnostic code, the lack of a consensus definition of the cardia area, and the accelerating interest in cardia cancer may affect classification practices. Little is known about the magnitude of cardia cancer misclassification in large cancer registries. METHODS: In a well-defined Swedish population (1.3 million), we uniformly classified all patients with newly diagnosed gastric adenocarcinoma (from 1989 through 1994) with respect to gastric subsite, and we used this patient group as our gold standard. We then evaluated the completeness of the Swedish Cancer Registry in registering gastric adenocarcinomas against this gold standard and, further, assessed the completeness of cardia cancer registration and the rate of falsely included cases to estimate the potential impact on observed incidence trends. RESULTS: Our gold standard contained 1337 case subjects with gastric adenocarcinoma. Overall, the Swedish Cancer Registry was 98% complete with regard to gastric adenocarcinomas and had a 4% rate of falsely included cases. The completeness of coding cardia cancer was only 69%, and the positive predictive value for cardia cancer was 82%, with no improvement over time. CONCLUSIONS: Although overall completeness of gastric cancer registration by the Swedish Cancer Registry was excellent, accuracy in registering cardia tumors was surprisingly low. Our estimates suggest that true cardia cancer incidence could be up to 45% higher or 15% lower than that reported in the Cancer Registry. This margin of error could accommodate the observed increase in cardia cancer in Sweden. Therefore, secular trends in cardia cancer incidence should be interpreted cautiously.  (+info)

Mortality trend from cancer of the gastric cardia in The Netherlands, 1969-1994. (3/293)

BACKGROUND: Time trends of cancer of the gastric cardia differ between populations and the reasons are not fully understood. The object of this study was to investigate the occurrence of cancer of the gastric cardia in descriptive relation to age at death, calendar period, birth cohort and gender in the Netherlands between 1969 and 1994. METHODS: Data on the number of people with cancer of the gastric cardia as the underlying cause of death from 1969 to 1994 were obtained from annual publications by the National Causes of Death Registry of Statistics Netherlands. To estimate the separate effects of age, calendar period and birth cohort on the trend in mortality, a simultaneous analysis of these factors was performed using a log-linear Poisson model. RESULTS: In 1969, the mortality rates from cancer of the gastric cardia for males and females per 100,000 people were 2.1 and 1.1; in 1994 the mortality rates were 1.5 and 0.7, respectively. Examination of the time trend suggested that mortality for cancer of the gastric cardia may reflect a period phenomenon, although a cohort effect may have also contributed to the observed time trend. Furthermore, more males than females died from cancer of the gastric cardia. The difference was most striking in the younger age categories. CONCLUSION: In this Dutch population, the age-period-cohort-gender analysis indicated that the mortality rates decreased after the period 1975-1979 which might be explained by a decrease in exposure to risk factor(s) or an increase in exposure to protective factor(s).  (+info)

Expression of nm23 in the primary tumor and the metastatic regional lymph nodes of patients with gastric cardiac cancer. (4/293)

Tumor recurrence and distant metastasis are major causes of treatment failure in gastric cardiac cancer (GCC). Rapid growth of tumor cells and reduced expression of nm23, a metastatic suppressor gene, in tumor cells have been suggested as two important mechanisms for disease progression of GCC. Therefore, to determine the prognostic value of nm23 expression in GCC, we used immunohistochemistry to examine the expression of nm23 in the pathological sections of both gastric cancer and metastatic lymph nodes from 24 stage III patients. Twenty-two patients had total gastrectomy, and two patients had proximal subtotal gastrectomy with a D2 dissection. Postoperative adjuvant therapy was provided, and the clinical responses were followed routinely. Clinical correlation was evaluated by chi2 with Fisher's exact test and survival by log-rank test. Our results show that the reduced nm23 expression in the primary tumor and in the nodal metastasis is the most useful marker for the poor prognosis of GCC following surgery.  (+info)

Inflammation of the gastro-oesophageal junction (carditis) in patients with symptomatic gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: a prospective study. (5/293)

BACKGROUND: Recent data have suggested that cardia biopsy specimens may be more reflective of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) than squamous biopsy specimens. AIMS: To assess the distribution, severity, and types of mucosal injury in GORD. PATIENTS: Thirty patients with symptomatic GORD with no or minimal erosions. METHODS: Biopsies were performed at the squamocolumnar junction (Z-line) and 1-2 cm below the Z-line. Injury to the columnar mucosa was scored for inflammatory cells, epithelial cell abnormalities, and for the presence of intestinal metaplasia and Helicobacter pylori. A carditis score above 2 was considered positive (maximum score = 9). RESULTS: Mean carditis scores and percentages of patients with a positive carditis score were higher in Z-line biopsy specimens containing both squamous and columnar mucosa than in those with just columnar mucosa or in specimens taken 1-2 cm below the Z-line. Carditis at the Z-line was focal in 49% of the specimens and was always present adjacent to the squamous epithelium. Goblet cells were present more frequently in the specimens immediately at the Z-line than in those 1-2 cm below the Z-line. H pylori was present in only four patients. The mean carditis scores of specimens 1-2 cm below the Z-line in these patients was significantly higher than in those patients without H pylori. CONCLUSIONS: Mucosal injury at the gastric cardia is highly localised to the region adjacent to the squamocolumnar junction in patients with GORD. Morphological studies of the cardia in GORD should focus on tissue samples that contain both squamous and columnar epithelium in order to obtain an accurate picture of the spectrum of injury.  (+info)

Patterns of gastritis in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. (6/293)

BACKGROUND: The cause of inflammation in cardiac mucosa at the gastro-oesophageal junction (GOJ) is unclear, both gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) and Helicobacter pylori having been implicated. AIMS: To describe patterns of gastritis in patients with symptomatic GORD. METHODS: In 150 patients (126 normally located Z-line, 24 Barrett's oesophagus) with symptoms of GORD, biopsies were taken of the GOJ, corpus, and antrum. Inflammation was assessed using the updated Sydney System. RESULTS: For the 126 patients with a normally located Z-line, biopsies of the GOJ revealed cardiac mucosa in 96, fundic mucosa in 29, and squamous mucosa in one. Inflammation in glandular mucosa at the GOJ was present in 99/125 specimens (79%), including 87/96 (91%) with cardiac mucosa and 12/29 (41%) with fundic mucosa. Inflammation in fundic mucosa was closely related to H pylori and active inflammation was only seen in its presence. Inflammation in cardiac mucosa was less closely linked to H pylori. When H pylori was present in cardiac mucosa (28/96, 29%) active inflammation was usually present (25/28, 89%). However, active inflammation was also found in 34/68 (50%) cardiac mucosa specimens without H pylori. Overall, 28/87 (32%) biopsies with carditis were colonised with H pylori and 59/87 (68%) were not. In H pylori colonised patients, inflammation was seen throughout the stomach, while in non-colonised patients, it was confined to cardiac mucosa. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with symptomatic GORD had a high prevalence of carditis. This was of two types, H pylori associated and unassociated. Except on Giemsa staining, the two were morphologically identical, suggesting mediation by a similar immunological mechanism.  (+info)

Relative risk of dysplasia for patients with intestinal metaplasia in the distal oesophagus and in the gastric cardia. (7/293)

BACKGROUND: Biopsy specimens obtained from the gastro-oesophageal junction can reveal intestinal metaplasia in patients presenting for routine upper endoscopy. The site of biopsy may play a critical role in determining the dysplasia risk of a patient. AIMS: To evaluate prospectively the dysplasia risk in patients with intestinal metaplasia of the distal oesophagus or within the gastric cardia. METHODS: Patients with short segment Barrett's oesophagus (SSBO) and cardia intestinal metaplasia (CIM) were followed prospectively. RESULTS: 177 patients with SSBO were identified (mean age 62 years, range 38-82; 91% whites). Twenty prevalence cases of dysplasia in SSBO were detected: 17 low grade dysplasia (LGD), three high grade dysplasia (HGD). Seventy six patients with CIM were identified (mean age 67 years, range 37-81; 81% whites). A single prevalence case of LGD in CIM was detected. During follow up of 78 SSBO and 34 CIM patients, dysplasia developed in nine (seven LGD, two HGD) with SSBO and in one (LGD) with CIM. There were significant differences between the two groups with respect to age, ethnicity, dysplasia prevalence, and incidence. Time to dysplasia progression was significantly longer in CIM compared with SSBO patients. Of the five patients with SSBO and HGD, one developed adenocarcinoma of the oesophagus on follow up. No HGD or cancers have been detected over this time period in CIM patients. CONCLUSIONS: The dysplasia risk is significantly greater in SSBO than in CIM patients, indicating two potentially different clinical processes. Future studies should separate SSBO from CIM in order to enhance the understanding of the pathophysiology and malignant potential of each entity.  (+info)

Columnar mucosa and intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus: fifty years of controversy. (8/293)

OBJECTIVE: To outline current concepts regarding etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus and cardia. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Previously, endoscopic visualization of columnar mucosa extending a minimum of 3 cm into the esophagus was sufficient for the diagnosis of Barrett's esophagus, but subsequently the importance of intestinal metaplasia and the premalignant nature of Barrett's have been recognized. It is now apparent that shorter lengths of intestinal metaplasia are common, and share many features of traditional 3-cm Barrett's esophagus. METHODS: Themes and concepts pertaining to intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus and cardia are developed based on a review of the literature published between 1950 and 1999. RESULTS: Cardiac mucosa is the precursor of intestinal metaplasia of the esophagus. Both develop as a consequence of gastroesophageal reflux. Intestinal metaplasia, even a short length, is premalignant, and the presence of dysplasia indicates progression on the pathway to adenocarcinoma. Antireflux surgery, as opposed to medical therapy, may induce regression or halt progression of intestinal metaplasia. The presence of high-grade dysplasia is frequently associated with an unrecognized focus of adenocarcinoma. Vagal-sparing esophagectomy removes the diseased esophagus and is curative in patients with high-grade dysplasia. Invasion beyond the mucosa is associated with a high likelihood of lymph node metastases and requires lymphadenectomy. CONCLUSIONS: Despite improved understanding of this disease, controversy about the definition and best treatment of Barrett's esophagus continues, but new molecular insights, coupled with careful patient follow-up, should further enhance knowledge of this disease.  (+info)

Gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) is an aggressive subtype of gastric cancer with a high metastatic rate. However, the metastatic biomarker of GCA has not been established. To search for the biomarker for GCA metastasis, we here examined expression of the Hippo signaling effector WWTR1 (WW domain containing transcription regulator 1, commonly listed as TAZ) in tumor tissue samples from 214 GCA cases using the tissue microarray assay (TMA), and statistically analyzed association of the WWTR1 expression with metastasis-related pathological outcomes and cumulative survival of the GCA patients. Furthermore, shRNA knockdown was used to determine the role of WWTR1 in promoting cell migration in gastric cancer cells. The results have shown that WWTR1 is overexpressed in 66.4% of the GCA tumor samples. Expression of WWTR1 has a significant inverse correlation with cumulative survival of GCA patients (p | 0.01). WWTR1 positive patients had a mean survival of 56.9 ± 4.4 months, comparing to WWTR1 negative mean
Results 253 incident EAC, 191 gastric cardia adenocarcinomas and 125 gastric non-cardia adenocarcinomas accrued to the cohort. Overall obesity (BMI) was positively associated with EAC and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma risk (highest (≥35 kg/m2) vs referent (18.5-,25 kg/m2); HR 2.11, 95% CI 1.09 to 4.09 and HR 3.67, 95% CI 2.00 to 6.71, respectively). Waist circumference was also positively associated with EAC and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma risk (highest vs referent; HR 2.01, 95% CI 1.35 to 3.00 and HR 2.22, 95% CI 1.43 to 3.47, respectively), whereas waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) was positively associated with EAC risk only (highest vs referent; HR 1.81, 95% CI 1.24 to 2.64) and persisted in patients with normal BMI (18.5-,25 kg/m2). Mutual adjustment of WHR and BMI attenuated both, but did not eliminate the positive associations for either with risk of EAC. In contrast, the majority of the anthropometric variables were not associated with adenocarcinomas of the gastric non-cardia. ...
Gastric cancer is the second most common cause of cancer-related deaths in the world. Although certain dietary factors and lifestyles have been suggested to be associated with gastric carcinogenesis, there have been few investigations focusing on rural areas. A case-control study was therefore carried out to investigate the risk factors of gastric cardia cancer (GCC) in rural areas of Linzhou. A total of 470 newly diagnosed cases of GCC and 470 healthy controls were included. Face-to-face interviews were conducted, using a uniform questionnaire containing questions on demographics, per capita income, living habits, dietary habits and family history of tumors. The relationship between putative risk factors and GCC was assessed by odds ratios (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) derived from conditional logistic regression model by the COXREG command using SPSS 12.00. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate simultaneously the effects of multiple factors and other
PubMed journal article: Occupational exposures and risk of esophageal and gastric cardia cancers among male Swedish construction workers. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
Background: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) has been accepted as a standard treatment for early gastric cardiac cancer (EGCC). Here, we investigate the clinical outcomes of the EGCC patients who underwent ESD in different indications. Methods: From January 2011 to October 2019, w...
There are several studies in the literature on CK expression in Barretts epithelium and the gastric cardia. Intestinal metaplasia in Barretts oesophagus and intestinal metaplasia of the gastric cardia can be distinguished on the basis of CK7 and CK20 expression.6-8 The largest study7 showed that a CK7+/CK20− phenotype had a positive predictive value of 87% for the diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the distal oesophagus. About 90% of Barretts cancers were positive for CK7 but less than 18% expressed CK20.7 The same phenotype was found in only 24% of cancers located in the proximal stomach. Others confirmed these results.9-11 However, other studies have produced contradictory results, and have shown that CK7 but and CK20 immunoreactivity did not differentiate between Barretts adenocarcinoma and gastric cancer located at the cardia.12-15 Our present study is in line with these results. In one study, the CK phenotype was used to try to differentiate short segment Barretts intestinal metaplasia ...
Mechanisms behind the strong associations of esophageal adenocarcinoma risk with gastroesophageal reflux (GOR) and body mass remain to be defined. In a nationwide population-based case-control study, we examined associations of polymorphisms in the DNA repair genes XPD, XPC, XRCC1 and XRCC3 with risk of esophageal adenocarcinoma, squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC) and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma, and paid special attention to possible interactions with symptomatic reflux or body mass. We collected blood samples from 96, 81 and 126 interviewed incident cases of esophageal adenocarcinoma, esophageal SCC and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma, respectively, and 472 randomly selected controls, frequency-matched with regard to age and sex. DNA was extracted and polymorphisms in XPD codon 751 (Lys→Gln), codon 312 (Asp→Asn), C insertion in intron 10 of XPD, XPC codon 939 (Lys→Gln), XRCC1 codon 399 (Arg→Gln) and XRCC3 codon 241 (Thr→Met) were examined using PCR-RFLP. Odds ratios (ORs) derived from ...
Esophageal and gastric cancers are significant worldwide health problems. They are often lethal diseases, with a case-fatality ratio of 84 percent (esophageal) and 75 percent (gastric), respectively.The esophagogastric junction (EGJ; also called the
https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.18008 Yi Ru, Xiao-Jie Chen, Zhi-Wei Zhao, Peng-Fei Zhang, Shuai-Hao Feng, Qiang Gao, She-Gan Gao, Xiao-Shan Feng
Several American, Japanese and European centres have reported an increase in carcinoma of the gastric cardia, contrary to the general trend in the incidence of gastric cancer. The aim of this nationwide population-based study was to describe trends in the incidence of tumours of the gastric cardia i …
Background: The current study examined health-related quality of life (QoL) for patients with esophageal/gastric cardia precursor lesions or cancer before and after treatment to facilitate improved prevention andtreatment. Materials and Methods: Patients with different stages of esophageal/gastric cardia lesions completedtwo QoL questionnaires, EORTC QLQ-C30 and supplemental QLQ-OES 18, before primary treatment, and at 1,6 and 12 months after treatment. Results: Fifty-nine patients with precursor lesions, 57 with early stage cancer,and 43 with advanced cancer responded to our survey. Patients with precursor lesions or early stage cancerreported better QoL overall than those with advanced cancer before treatment (p|0.01). Global QoL scores beforetreatment and at 1 month after treatment were 71±9 versus 69±9 (p|0.01), 71±8 versus 61±11 (p|0.01), 67 ± 11versus 62 ± 9 (p|0.01) for three stages of lesions. At 6 months after treatment, some QoL measures recoveredgradually in precursor lesion and early
The diffuse and intestinal histological subtypes of non-cardia cancer were of similar proportions, and both showed a positive association with H pylori and atrophy.. The team found that cardia cancer was negatively associated with H. pylori.. However, the researchers noted that H. pylori-positive cardia cancer showed an association with gastric atrophy.. The predominant histological subtype of cardia cancer was intestinal, and was not associated with gastric atrophy compared with the diffuse subtype.. Cardia cancer in patients with atrophy had an intestinal: diffuse ratio similar to non-cardia cancer.. The team observed that cardia cancers in patients without atrophy were predominantly intestinal.. Professor McColls team concluded, These findings indicate 2 etiologies of cardia cancer.. The first of these etiologies is associated with H. pylori atrophic gastritis, resembling non-cardia cancer.. The other is associated with non-atrophic gastric mucosa, resembling esophageal ...
Three different cancers predominantly occur at the gastro-oesophageal junction: squamous cell carcinomas of the distal oesophagus, adenocarcinomas of the distal oesophagus (Barretts carcinomas), and adenocarcinomas of the gastric cardia. The aim of the present study was to investigate how, and to w …
Definition of cardia in the Definitions.net dictionary. Meaning of cardia. What does cardia mean? Information and translations of cardia in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
A study summary that assessed the role regular ingestion of dietary fiber play in the prevention of cancers of the esophagus and stomach.
Results A total of 110 in vivo gastric cardia targets in 77 patients with BE were analysed. The following abnormalities were identified: 61 wide crypts, 34 isolated glands, 16 irregular surfaces, 15 multiple glands, and 11 complex glands. Complex glands were the only VLE feature that correlated to any histology subtype. They were present in 71% of targets with high-grade dysplasia (HGD), T1a cancer or T1b cancer and had a sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of 71%, 99%, and 85%, respectively. Of the 10 patients with complex glands on VLE and HGD/cancer on histology, 4 had a normal-appearing mucosa (40%) on endoscopy. ...
Selenium may protect against the development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA).
The team obtained unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios for individual outcomes or calculated for each study and were pooled by using a random-effects model.. The researchers found that 9 studies examined the association of body mass index with GERD symptoms.. The team noted that 6 of these studies found statistically significant associations.. The researchers also noted that 6 of 7 studies found significant associations of body mass index with erosive esophagitis, and esophageal adenocarcinoma.. A significant association with gastric cardia adenocarcinoma was found in 4 out of 6 studies.. In data from 8 studies, the team found a trend toward a dose-response relationship.. There was an increase in the pooled adjusted odds ratio for GERD symptoms of 1.4 for a body mass index of 25 kg/m2 to 30 kg/m2.. The team observed that the pooled adjusted odds ratio for GERD symptoms was 1.9 for body mass index greater than 30 kg/m2.. Similarly, the pooled adjusted odds ratio for esophageal adenocarcinoma for a ...
372 The present study was undertaken to determine RASSF1A methylation in the gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) tissue and adjacent non-cancer tissues to further understand the moleculer mechanism of GCA and to screen the possible biomarkers to identify the high-risk subjects and early GCA patients. Primary GCA sample were collected from 42 cases. Adjacent non-cancer tissues and carcinoma tissues were selected from every patient. Methylation of RASSF1A gene promoter was detected using methylation-specific PCR (MSP). Promoter methylation of RASSF1A could be detected in GCA (27/42, 64%), while only one was found in adjacent non-cancer tissues. RASSF1A methylation was one of the possible mechanisms GCA carcinogenesis and might be a useful biomarker for identification of the high-risk subjects and early diagnosis for GCA. ...
Amplification of 19q13.1-q13.2 is one of the common genetic alterations in ovarian cancer, and overexpression of putative oncogene AKT2 at 19q13.1, which encodes a serine/threonine kinase, has been associated with the pathogenesis of ovarian cancer. Amplification of 19q13.1-q13.2 was also frequently detected in gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (9) and primary pancreatic carcinoma (10) . These studies strongly indicate that 19q13.1-q13.2 may contain an oncogene(s) related to the pathogenesis and progression of various solid tumors including ovarian cancer.. In this study, four ovarian cancer cell lines containing amplicon of 19q13.1-q13.2 in the form of hsr were characterized to define the overlapping MAR. Forty-nine cosmid clones and DNA markers within a 13.9-Mb region (average distance between two markers is ∼280 kb) at 19q13.1 were selected to detect overlapping MARs. The resolution of markers selected in the critical region from stSG53555 to stSG12762 (36,333-42,426 kb; NCBI Map Viewer) is ...
Postoperative anastomotic leakage is a serious complication in patients with oesophageal or cardia cancer. Early diagnosis and treatment are mandatory.
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A particularly common misunderstanding involves the buildup of intestinal gas and its relationship to tachycardia. Dr. Roemhelds findings are sometimes misunderstood because compression of the heart and vagus nerve result in a SLOWING of the heart rate. What is not understood is that this slowing, as well as the nausea and dizziness from the buildup of pressure, can produce a panic reaction - resulting in tachycardia due to a panic attack. Also, upon the quick release of pressure through gas expulsion, the heart rate increases immediately, especially when lying down, due to the heart compensating for the pressure change. This is the purely physiological tachycardia response. Sufferers often cant differentiate between these three, which makes the symptoms all the more difficult to discuss clearly with their doctors, or receive a proper diagnosis ...
Sinus bradycardia refers to a slower-than-normal heart rate. dias. Notice that several word roots have the same definition. Of, near, or relating to the heart: cardiac arteries. The American Heritage® Medical … It can increase the risks of stroke and cardiac arrest. abnormally slow heart rate of less than 60 beats per minute https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/cardia. Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) - A general term referring to conditions affecting the heart (cardio) and blood vessels (vascular system). cardiac alternation. ultrasept. Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR Tachycardia: A rapid heart rate, usually defined as greater than 100 beats per minute. CONTINUE SCROLLING OR CLICK HERE FOR … It facilitates effective communication and correspondence between physicians across borders and from different parts of the world. Tachycardia is a common type of heart rhythm disorder (arrhythmia) in which the heart beats faster than normal while at rest.Its normal for ...
Cleveland, Ohio (PRWEB) January 08, 2013 -- Cardia 7, a purified Omega 7 supplement that has been clinically shown to combat inflammation and heart disease,
Despite being a young person, and although six years have elapsed, the growth of this pigmentation with these characteristics is indicative of heavy damage to this zone, making it necessary to make changes in his dietary habits and to gradual adapt treatments that enable strengthening those tissues and reducing the damage caused by the gastric juices.. This case study is very educational, not only because it is an example of alteration in the cardia, but also because it is, at the same time, another example of how changes in the iris do indeed occur. We have the 2009 photograph in which, inside the box marked, there was no indication of pigmentation and the 2015 photo in which it is abundantly clear how it has developed. It is one more example of how new signs may appear on the surface of the iris.. (The rest of the image of the iris and its interpretation is reserved for courses and study materials that we will gradually publish.). © Multiple Reflex iridology. All rights reserved. © ...
Cartia XT is a prescription drug that is used to control high blood pressure and treat some types of angina. This eMedTV article describes Cartia XT in more detail and explains the effects of the medicine. Cardia is a common misspelling of Cartia XT.
In the Oxford region 8,903 residents with oesophageal or gastric cancers were registered by the Oxford Cancer Registry between 1974 and 1988. For most of this time the Registrys practice was to code all adenocarcinomas of the oesophagus as adenocarcinomas of the cardia of stomach. There was a significant increase over time in the registered incidence of adenocarcinoma of the cardia, no appreciable change in the incidence of oesophageal cancers registered as such, and a decline in registered incidence of cancers of the stomach other than cardia.
40 year old male with newly diagnosed esophageal cancer. PET/CT ordered for staging.. There is markedly increased FDG activity (maximum SUV 8.7 and average SUV 5.8) within a 5 cm mass involving the distal esophagus, spanning the GE junction with involvement of the gastric cardia consistent with known esophageal cancer. There was also increased activity (maximum SUV of 4.4 with an average SUV of 3.7) with a celiac region lymph node compatible with metastatic nodal disease.. ...
Hi, My mom had a heart attack. Doctor said one artery is completely gone (I dont know which one) and he cannot revive it even with surgery. He did angioplasty on the other 2 arteries. Sent her home...
Support. Adjusting to a serious health problem often takes time. You may feel depressed or anxious, lose touch with your social support system, or have to stop working for several weeks. If you get depressed, dont ignore it because depression can make your cardiac rehab program more difficult, as well as impact your relationships and other areas of your life and health. Counseling will help you learn healthy ways to cope with depression and other feelings, and your doctor may also suggest medications such as antidepressants. Vocational or occupational therapy will teach you new skills to help you return to work ...
Researchers from Duke University have come up with a few ways to help doctors provide better care for their patients who are at risk of sudden cardiac arrest.
Gastric is a hollow muscular organ shaped like a big cage, consists of three parts: cardia, fundus and antrum. Food into the stomach from the esophagus through a ring-shaped muscle (sphincter), which can open and close. Under normal circumstances, the sphincter prevents re-entry of gastric contents into the esophagus. Stomach serves as a storehouse of food, which contracts rhythmically to mix food with enzymes. The cells lining the stomach produce three important substances ...
Body slightly arcuate, ventrally bent posteriorly in male. Lateral field about 1/3 body width without visible cells. Lip region angular with conspicuous papillae. Spear 20 um long with aperture 1/3 its length. Guiding ring refractive, 1/4 head width. Esophagus expanded rather abruptly in basal 3/7. Cardia conoid, about as long as body width. Intestine with fine, dark, refractive granules. Vulva longitudinal. Ovaries reflexed about 1/2 their length. Uteri forming huge spermatheca packed with sperms; as many as 5 eggs observed in one female. Prerectum length about twice body diameter. Rectum slightly longer than tail. Spicula unusually long, extending to a point almost opposite first supplement ...
Body practically straight when relaxed. Lips set off by constriction, conical, the region about 1/3 width of neck base. Spear length 1/3 head width with well knobbed extensions. Esophagus enlarged in posterior half by gradual expansion. Cardia cylindroid, 1/3 body width. Ovaries reflexed about halfway to vulva. Eggs were 30 x 80 um. Tail hemispheroid. Male not collected. Specimens slightly smaller, 0.8 : 1.0 mm, than those from Utah ...
Background: The reasons for the increasing incidence of and strong male predominance in patients with oesophageal and cardia adenocarcinoma remain unclear. The authors hypothesised that airborne occupational exposures in male dominated industries might contribute.. Methods: In a nationwide Swedish population based case control study, 189 and 262 cases of oesophageal and cardia adenocarcinoma respectively, 167 cases of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and 820 frequency matched controls underwent personal interviews. Based on each study participants lifetime occupational history the authors assessed cumulative airborne occupational exposure for 10 agents, analysed individually and combined, by a deterministic additive model including probability, frequency, and intensity. Furthermore, occupations and industries of longest duration were analysed. Relative risks were estimated by odds ratios (OR), with 95% confidence intervals (CI), using conditional logistic regression, adjusted for potential ...
Numerous case-control studies suggest dietary fiber may reduce risk of gastric cancer, but this has not been confirmed prospectively. A previous case-control study reported reduced risk of gastric cardia adenocarcinomas associated with cereal fiber, but not with fruit or vegetable fiber. To date, different food sources of fiber have not been examined with respect to noncardia tumors or diverse histologic sub-types. This study prospectively examines associations between fiber from different food sources and incident gastric adenocarcinomas (GC) among more than 435,000 subjects from 10 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study. Subjects aged 25-70 years completed dietary questionnaires in 1992-98, and were followed up for a median of 6.7 years. About 312 incident GCs were observed. The relative risk of GC was estimated based on cohort-wide sex-specific fiber intake quartiles using proportional hazards models to estimate hazards ratios (HRs) and 95%
Achalasia Cardia is a complex motility disorder of esophagus and needs treatment by a specialist doctor for this condition. Dr. Chirag Thakkar is specialist doctor of achalasia cardia and GERD surgery in Ahmedabad. Schedule your appointment now.
According to latest news from the Plastic industry, Australia based Cardia Bioplastics has bagged an annual supply contract of its renewable Biohybrid™ kitchen bags to the City District of Shanghai Pudong, in China. It is important to underline here that the deal is being perceived as one of the largest deal that has ever happened in the history of resin manufacturing sector. According to the terms of the deal Cardia will annually supply an estimated $1.2 million worth of its proprietary renewable Biohybrid™ kitchen bags to approximately 20% of householders to China and adjoining regions.. According to reports from the sources, Sanghai, Pudong has been investing heavily on environmental initiatives and the move is being perceived as a part of the plan to ensure a healthy environment in the region. It is important to underline here that Following the World Expo in 2010, Shanghai introduced and implemented an organic waste separation process to separate plant and food scraps at the household ...
Laparoscopic surgery for Achalasia cardia is treatment for patients suffering from swallowing food & drink. Avail the best swallowing disorder treatments in India with expert surgeon Dr.R.K Sinha
Definition of lymph nodes around cardia of stomach. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Potassium intake and risk of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study.
Retroflex the endoscope to visualize the cardia. A. Perform this maneuver by deflecting the tip sharply back. An owls eye view of both pylorus and cardia may be seen as the tip crosses over the incisura. B. As the cardia is identified, move the tip in a ...
INTRODUCTION - Authors present six cases of intramural oesophageal metastases of adenocarcinomas located in the gastro-oesophageal junction. The tumours and metastases were diagnosed by endoscopic examinations. PATIENTS AND METHODS - Between 01. 01. 1994. and 31. 12. 2000. a total number of 143 patients were examined with the diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the gastro-oesophageal junction. In six patients (4,19 %), intramural oesophageal metastases were verified. In each case the diagnosis was confirmed by histological examination. TNM stage of the tumours was assessed considering the results of endoscopic ultrasound examination, the findings at initial operation and the pathological data in all cases, where resection was performed. The tumours were localized according to Siewert- Steins classification. RESULTS - In six patients who had adenocarcinoma of the gastro-oesophageal junction, the diagnosis of intramural oesophageal metastases was confirmed. The histological structure of the primaer ...
surveys, was associated with a lower risk of colon, breast, and endometrial cancers. They also determined that leisure-time physical activity was associated with a lower risk of 10 additional cancers, with the greatest risk reductions for esophageal adenocarcinoma, liver cancer, cancer of the gastric cardia, kidney cancer, and myeloid leukemia. Myeloma and cancers of the head and neck, rectum, and bladder also showed reduced risks that were significant, but not as strong. Risk was reduced for lung cancer, but only for current and former smokers; the reasons for this are still being studied.. Leisure-time physical activity is known to reduce risks of heart disease and risk of death from all causes, and our study demonstrates that it is also associated with lower risks of many types of cancer, said Moore. Furthermore, our results support that these associations are broadly generalizable to different populations, including people who are overweight or obese, or those with a history of smoking. ...
An apparatus for the treatment of acid reflux disease comprising two or more movement restriction device segments adapted to be assembled movement restriction device of a controlled size. The assembled movement restriction device can at least partly be invaginated by a patients stomach fundus wall. A substantial part of the outer surface of the movement restriction device is adapted to rest against the stomach wall without injuring the latter in a position between the patients diaphragm and at least a portion of the lower part of the invaginated stomach fundus wall, such that movement of the cardiac notch of the patients stomach towards the patients diaphragm is restricted, to thereby prevent the cardia from sliding through the patients diaphragm opening into the patients thorax, so as to maintain the supporting pressure against the patients cardia sphincter muscle exerted from the patients abdomen.
in Obesity Surgery (2014), 25. Abstract Background TheMagenstrasse and Mill (M&M) procedure is a vertical gastroplasty creating a tubular pouch extending from the cardia to the antrum. This incomplete sleeve avoids gastric resection ... [more ▼]. Abstract Background TheMagenstrasse and Mill (M&M) procedure is a vertical gastroplasty creating a tubular pouch extending from the cardia to the antrum. This incomplete sleeve avoids gastric resection or band placement. In this paper, we report our experience of the laparoscopic approach of the technique in a selected obese population excluding prominent grazer and/or sweet eaters. Material and Methods One hundred patients (39 males, 61 females) underwent the procedure in a prospective trial.Mean age was 40 years (range 18-68). Mean preoperative BMI was 43.2 kg/m2 (range 35-62). Results The procedure was performed by laparoscopy starting with the creation of a circular opening at the junction of antrum and corpus followed by a vertical stapling ...
Complete data were obtained from 2,455 participants. We first predicted year-20 lung function from year-15 ICAM-1 concentration data. After controlling for race, gender, height, age, physical activity, smoking status, alcohol intake, BMI, and asthma status, all taken at year 15, the year-20 FVC was 164 mL higher (p , 0.0001) and FEV1 was 164 mL higher (p = 0.0003) in the lowest ICAM-1 concentration quartile than the highest ICAM-1 quartile, whereas the FEV1/FVC ratio showed no association (p = 0.25). We then predicted the year-15 ICAM-1 concentration from year-5 lung function and change in lung function (year 10 - year 5). The year-15 ICAM-1 concentration was about 13 ng/mL higher in the lowest vs highest quartile of either the year-5 FVC (p = 0.01) or year-5 FEV1 (p = 0.005). Year-15 ICAM-1 concentration was unrelated to year-5 FEV1/FVC ratio. Greater loss in FVC and FEV1 (year 10 - year 5) also was associated with higher year-15 ICAM-1 concentrations. Associations between P-selectin and lung ...
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Aerial photo taken on Dec. 28, 2020 shows the Chaoshan loop expressway in Chaoyang District of Shantou City, south Chinas Guangdong Province.23km Chaoshan loop expressway, winding through Shantou, Chaozhou and Jieyang, opened to traffic on Monday.
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Youve seen all the Element skate camp videos and Make It Count finals, well heres a little something on the artsy side. A bit of the downtime, hiking, fishing, and general skate camp life.
Borza, Eugene N. "Cardia." In Oxford Classical Dictionary, 4th edition, edited by Simon Hornblower, Antony Spawforth, and ... Miltiades' most famous construction, however, was a wall stretching from Cardia to Pactye. This wall was completed relatively ... Borza, Eugene N. (2015-12-22). "Cardia". Oxford Classical Dictionary, 4th Ed. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780199381135.013.1367. ... and these followers populated and fortified the city of Cardia. Miltiades is also credited with the founding of several other ...
Cardia, Nancy; Lagatta, Pedro; Affonso, Claudinei. "Assessment of Child Maltreatment Prevention Readiness Country Report Brazil ...
Cardia TR28. Chalcedon TR29. Nicomedia TR30. Abydos TR31. Sestos TR32. Lampsacus TR33. Panormos TR34. Cyzicus TR35. Ilion TR36 ... The Milesians also founded Abydos and Cardia on the Hellespont and Rhaedestus in Propontis. The Samians colonised the island of ...
Byrne M; Tzekov R; Wang Y; Rodgers A; Cardia J; Ford G; Holton K; Pandarinathan L; Lapierre J; Stanney W; Bulock K; Shaw S; ... Lapierre J, Salomon W, Cardia J, Bulock K, Lam JT, Stanney WJ, Ford G, Smith-Anzures B, Woolf T, Kamens J, Khvorova A, Samarsky ...
Brown, Truesdell (1947). "Hieronymus of Cardia". The American Historical Review. Oxford University Press. 52 (4): 684-696. doi: ...
Amos Cardia, S'italianu in Sardìnnia, Iskra, 2006. Amos Cardia, Apedala dimòniu, I sardi, Cagliari, 2002. Francesco Casula, La ... p. 3. Amos Cardia (2006). S'italianu in Sardìnnia candu, cumenti e poita d'ant impostu: 1720-1848; poderi e lìngua in Sardìnnia ... 11-12, Introduction Cardia, Amos (2006). S'italianu in Sardìnnia candu, cumenti e poita d'ant impostu: 1720-1848; poderi e ... Ceti e corona della Sardegna del Settecento (Rome, 2003) Cardia, Amos (2006). S'italianu in Sardìnnia candu, cumenti e poita ...
Designer Gringo Cardia. Ghosts by Henrik Ibsen, adaptation Frank McGuiness. Direction William Oldroyd. A Prayer for My Daughter ...
Jefferson Cardia; Souza, Enoil (11 December 2018). "Recent glacier variations on Mount Melimoyu (44°50'S-72°51'W), Chilean ...
CARDIA Study Group". J Clin Epidemiol. 43 (8): 799-804. doi:10.1016/0895-4356(90)90240-p. PMID 2200851. Barlogie B, van Rhee F ...
Cardia, Mariarosa (1992). La nascita della regione autonoma della Sardegna, Franco Angeli Manlio Brigaglia, Michelangelo Pira, ...
Bellou, Andriana; Cardia, Emanuela (2014). "Baby-Boom, Baby-Bust and the Great Depression". CiteSeerX 10.1.1.665.133. Cite ... Andriana Bellou and Emanuela Cardia promote a similar argument, but they claim women who entered the labor force during the ...
ISBN 978-0-7923-3516-0. Khan, M.I. Gabriel (2007). Cardia Drug Therapy. Humana Press. ISBN 978-1-59745-238-0. Katzung, Bertram ...
Cardia, Amos (2006). S'italianu in Sardìnnia candu, cumenti e poita d'ant impostu: 1720-1848; poderi e lìngua in Sardìnnia in ... Dialettologia e storia della lingua fra le due isole Cardia, Amos (2006). S'italianu in Sardìnnia candu, cumenti e poita d'ant ...
Oh Seung-Yoon ... Triton Woo Jung-Shin ... Cardia Lee Jung-Goo ... Eurymedon Jung Mi-Sook ... Herma Jang Gwang ... Zeus Kang ... Cardia's mother SBS Olympus Guardian Homepage Olympus Guardian at the Korean Movie Database Olympus Guardian at HanCinema v t e ...
"Roemheld Syndrome - Gastric Cardia". roemheld-syndrome.com. Retrieved 28 March 2017. Roman, C; Bruley des Varannes, S; Muresan ... or gastric cardiac syndrome or Roemheld-Techlenburg-Ceconi-Syndrome or gastric-cardia, was a medical syndrome first coined by ...
Cardia, Ivan (16 February 2019). "Spalletti su Icardi: "Abbiamo tanti leader. Handanovic, Ranocchia, Borja"" [Spalletti to ...
Cardia, Ivan (15 August 2015). "FOCUS TMW - Mastour, Oxford e gli altri: i migliori talenti del 1998" [FOCUS TMW - Mastour, ...
Adenocarcinoma of the real cardia. The tumor center is located 1 cm above or 2 cm below the gastric cardia. Considered to be ... The tumor center is located 2-5 cm below the gastric cardia. Siewert JR, Stein HJ. Carcinoma of the cardia: carcinoma of the ... The tumor center is located 1-5 cm above the gastric cardia. ...
Cardia, Ivan (2 May 2021). "Inter campione. Tutti i risultati, i tabellini e i marcatori dei nerazzurri di Conte" [Inter ...
Ivan Cardia (27 May 2016). "Italia-Finlandia, la FIGC celebrerà Luca Toni" (in Italian). TuttoMercatoWeb.com. Retrieved 3 ...
Cardia, Ivan (15 February 2019). "UFFICIALE: Chiasso, arriva Davide Brivio. Contratto fino a giugno". Tutto Mercato Web (in ...
Cardia, Alexandra (6 February 2010). "Street Smarts: The BioBus Brings a Rolling Science Lab to Resource-Strapped Schools". ...
Cardias, R.; Szilva, A.; Bergman, A.; Marco, I. Di; Katsnelson, M. I.; Lichtenstein, A. I.; Nordström, L.; Klautau, A. B.; ...
Near the cardia is the lower oesophageal sphincter. Recent research has shown that the cardia is not an anatomically distinct ... In classical anatomy the human stomach is divided into four sections, beginning at the cardia. The cardia is where the contents ... The cardia is defined as the region following the "z-line" of the gastroesophageal junction, the point at which the epithelium ... A gastric band may be placed around the cardia area, which can adjust to limit intake. The anatomy of the stomach may be ...
d. 1935) 23 September - Abel Botelho, diplomat, writer and military officer (d. 1917). Amélia dos Santos Costa Cardia, ... "Amélia dos Santos Costa Cardia (1855-1938)". leme.pt. Retrieved 2 July 2018.. ...
Von der schönen Cardia, by Laura Gonzenbach; Lu Bbastunélle, by Gennaro Finnamore; La bella del Mondo, by Antonio de Nino; Die ...
He returned to Cardia and met an old woman and Antigonus. He used Antigonus's vase and the old woman to trick Cardia's guards ... And Cardia was captured after 3 days. He was sent to the Imperial Palace to act as his Royal Secretary. Despite his Scythian ... He then goes to the ruins of his old house and the story goes into a flashback, showing his childhood, how he left Cardia, his ... He was sold and shipped off Cardia, but soon after the slaves on the ship he is in mutinied before being sunk in a storm. ...
ISBN 978-1-118-95933-6. Anson, Edward M. (2015). Eumenes of Cardia: A Greek among Macedonians. Mnemosyne, Supplements, History ...
Following features of achalasia cardia are seen. On plain x-ray an absence of fundal gas shadow, widened mediastinum and an air ... of the lower esophageal sphincter at the cardia which delays food going to the stomach and causes dilation of the thoracic ...
Rhagovelia cardia is a species of aquatic bug first found in Altaquer, Río Ñambí, Nariño, Colombia. Padilla-Gil, Dora N. (2011 ...
... which was built in its vicinity and peopled with the inhabitants of Cardia, became the chief town in that neighbourhood. Cardia ... Cardia or Kardia (Ancient Greek: Kαρδία), anciently the chief town of the Thracian Chersonese (today Gallipoli peninsula), was ... 1854-1857). "Cardia". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray. Coordinates: 40°32′50″N 26°44′27″E /  ... Plutarch in the "Life of Eumenes" writes that the young men and boys of Cardia were exercising in the Pankration and wrestling ...
Gastric cardia is a type of cancer that affects the portion of the stomach that connects to the esophagus, explains New York ... Gastric cardia is a type of cancer that affects the portion of the stomach that connects to the esophagus, explains New York ... Individuals who eat diets that are low in vegetables and fruits yet heavy in smoked food are more at risk for gastric cardia ... Men have twice the risk of developing gastric cardia cancer than women. Adults 50 years of age or older have an increased risk ...
Definition of lymph nodes around cardia of stomach. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical ... Definition: a group of lymph nodes surrounding the cardia of the stomach. ...
Rising incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia.. Blot WJ1, Devesa SS, Kneller RW, Fraumeni JF Jr. ... By the mid-1980s, among white men, adenocarcinomas accounted for about one third of all esophageal cancers, while cardia ... Adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia disproportionately affected white men and rarely occurred among women. ... of the United States revealed steadily rising rates from 1976 to 1987 of adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia. ...
Vial M, Grande L, Pera M. Epidemiology of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus, gastric cardia, and upper gastric third. Recent ... Multimodality approaches to potentially resectable esophagogastric junction and gastric cardia adenocarcinomas. Authors. Ajlan ... The esophagogastric junction (EGJ; also called the gastroesophageal junction or GEJ) and gastric cardia (figure 1), represent ... Siewert JR, Hölscher AH, Becker K, Gössner W. [Cardia cancer: attempt at a therapeutically relevant classification]. Chirurg ...
Prognosis after heart attack and Cardia arrest Hi, My mom had a heart attack. Doctor said one artery is completely gone (I ...
Achalasia of the Cardia synonyms, Achalasia of the Cardia pronunciation, Achalasia of the Cardia translation, English ... dictionary definition of Achalasia of the Cardia. n. The failure of a ring of muscle fibers, such as a sphincter of the ... redirected from Achalasia of the Cardia). Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia. ach·a·la·sia. (ăk′ə-lā′zhə). n.. The failure of ... Achalasia of the cardia is the most common primary motility disorder of the oesophagus.. Surgical management of achalasia in ...
Architect Gabriel Kozlowski has partnered with Gringo Cardia, Bárbara Graeff, and Tripper Arquitetura to design the Brazil ... Architect Gabriel Kozlowski has partnered with Gringo Cardia, Bárbara Graeff, and Tripper Arquitetura to design a structure of ... NewsArchitecture NewsDubaiGabriel KozlowskiBrazilExpo 2020 DubaiGringo CardiaTripper ArquiteturaBarbara Graeff ... "Kozlowski + Cardia Design Floating Tree Branch Pavilion for Expo 2020 Dubai" 27 Nov 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed . ,https://www. ...
... J Clin Epidemiol. 1991;44(6):571-8. doi: 10.1016/0895- ... dietary and physical activity data in the CARDIA cohort of 2643 black and 2472 white men and women aged 18-30 years. Insulin ...
Adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia have risen dramatically in incidence over the past few decades, however, ... BACKGROUND: Adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia have risen dramatically in incidence over the past few decades ... and of gastric cardia adenocarcinoma with transportation and certain woodworking occupations. Some of these findings may be due ... gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (n = 259), and population controls (n = 689). Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) ...
Malignant obstruction of esophageal and cardia cancer greatly affects the prognosis and life quality of patients. However, no ... So, we investigated the impact of RFA on the malignant obstruction of esophageal and cardia cancer. In this study, we evaluated ... Malignant obstruction of esophageal and cardia cancer greatly affects the prognosis and life quality of patients. However, no ... The clinical utility of RFA in esophageal and cardia cancer patients with severe malignant obstruction. ...
A genotype risk score predicts type 2 diabetes from young adulthood: the CARDIA study.. Vassy JL1,2, Durant NH3, Kabagambe EK4 ... Incident type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in the CARDIA study. Cumulative incidence of time to detection of type 2 diabetes, stratified ... The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study followed young adults (aged 18-30 years, mean age 25) ... A genotype risk score predicts type 2 diabetes from young adulthood: the CARDIA study ...
... cardia- explanation free. What is cardia-? Meaning of cardia- medical term. What does cardia- mean? ... Looking for online definition of cardia- in the Medical Dictionary? ... redirected from cardia-). Also found in: Dictionary.. Related to cardia-: gastric cardia, Achalasia cardia ... Cardia- , definition of cardia- by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/cardia- ...
Cardia The part of the stomach immediately adjacent to and surrounding the cardiac opening of the oesophagus, distinguished ... Retrieved from "https://www.biology-online.org/dictionary/index.php?title=Cardia&oldid=43679" ...
Androgens and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Young Women - Ancillary to CARDIA. The safety and scientific validity of this ... The CARDIA population provides a unique opportunity to explore these associations because there is a 15-year period of risk ... The study is ancillary to the the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study, a large cohort study ... The ancillary study in year 16 of CARDIA will recall 1,200 women who received a coronary artery calcification (CAC) ...
The relationship between Elder Risk Assessment (ERA) scores and cardiac revascularization: a cohort study in Olmsted County, Minnesota, USA Saurabh Sharma,1 Shruti Datta,1 Shahyar Gharacholou,1,2 Shahzad K Siddique,3 Stephen S Cha,4 Paul Y Takahashi1,5,6 1Department of Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; 2Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; 3Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan; 4Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; 5Division of Primary Care Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; 6Kogod Center of Aging, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA Purpose: The aging population is predisposed to cardiovascular disease. Our goal was to determine the relationship between a higher Elder Risk Assessment (ERA) score and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), in adults over 60 years. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study in a primary care internal medicine
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Centers RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.. ...
Adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus and cardia are grouped among the thoracic tumors according to the TNM 7th ed., however ... The assumption that adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and cardia (ADEC) originates only from. the sequence intestinal metaplasia ... preoperative diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus and cardia. - preoperative from local to locally advanced ... AdCa of the Esophagus and Cardia (ADEC): Relationship Between Nodal Metastasization and the Presence Absence of Intestinal ...
... Ann Intern Med. 1999 Jun 1;130(11):883-90. ... A weak and inconsistent association between body mass index (BMI) and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia has ... Objective: To reexamine the association between BMI and development of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia. ... Background: The incidence of esophageal and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma is, for unknown reasons, increasing dramatically. ...
The CARDIA population provides a unique. opportunity to explore these associations because there is a 15-year period of risk ... The study is ancillary to the the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA). Study, a large cohort study ... The ancillary study in year 16 of CARDIA will recall 1,200 women who received a coronary. artery calcification (CAC) ...
Using central venous catheter for suprapubic catheterization in cardiac surgery Eissa Bilehjani,1 Solmaz Fakhari2 1Department of Cardiovascular Anesthesia, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Madani Heart Hospital, 2Department of Anesthesiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Madani Heart Hospital, Tabriz, Iran Abstract: Suprapubic catheterization is an alternative method for urinary drainage that is used when transurethral catheterization fails. Traditionally, inserted large-bore suprapubic catheters may cause fatal complications. During the past decade, we used a small central venous catheter (CVC) suprapubicly in 16 male patients for the purpose of urinary drainage, when transurethral catheterization failed. The procedure is performed in no more than 10 minutes. Success rate was 100% and this approach did not lead to any complications. In conclusion, placing a CVC for suprapubic drainage is a safe method with a high success rate and we recommend it in patients with failed transurethral
Abstract 833: CARDIA: Prevalence and Socio-demographic Predictors of Pulmonary Hypertension in Young Adults. Swathy Kolli, Ren ... Methods: Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study is a longitudinal study of young adults to assess the ... Abstract 833: CARDIA: Prevalence and Socio-demographic Predictors of Pulmonary Hypertension in Young Adults ... Abstract 833: CARDIA: Prevalence and Socio-demographic Predictors of Pulmonary Hypertension in Young Adults ...
Relationship between promoter methylation of RASSF1A gene and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma. Li Dong Wang, Huixing Yi, Xin He, ... Relationship between promoter methylation of RASSF1A gene and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma. Li Dong Wang, Huixing Yi, Xin He, ... Relationship between promoter methylation of RASSF1A gene and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma. Li Dong Wang, Huixing Yi, Xin He, ... Relationship between promoter methylation of RASSF1A gene and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma Message Subject (Your Name) has ...
Background: The reasons for the increasing incidence of and strong male predominance in patients with oesophageal and cardia ... Methods: In a nationwide Swedish population based case control study, 189 and 262 cases of oesophageal and cardia ... and cardia adenocarcinoma (OR 2.1 (95% CI 1.0 to 4.6)). Among workers highly exposed to particular agents, a tendency of an ... and a tendency of an increased risk of cardia adenocarcinoma (OR 2.8 (95% CI 0.9 to 8.5)), were identified among hotel and ...
... achalasia cardia,/b,. I am advised that surgery is the best option as balloon dilatation of the lower oesophagus will not be ... Q: I am suffering from achalasia cardia. I am advised that surgery is the best option as balloon dilatation of the lower ... A:Achalasia cardia can be treated in one of three ways: a. by balloon dilatation: 75% effective; some chances of recurrence; ... If I had achalasia cardia I would go for laparoscopic surgery, if I could find a good laparoscopic surgeon. There are many! The ...
Race and education in relation to stopping smoking in the US: the CARDIA study ... Race and education in relation to stopping smoking in the US: the CARDIA study ...
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Fowler on cardia xt medication: Diltiazem is a medicine which lowers the blood pressure but also lowers the heart rate. This ... Cardia Xt (Definition) Cardia XT is a calcium channel blocker which is a kind of rhythm control drug (cardiovascular drug). ... ... Does tachy cardia or brady cardia lead to cardiac carcinoma please explain? ... Cardia: BP mostly. Discuss with your Dr. Ever heard of drugs.com? great resource. Also uptodate.com is the best. ...Read more ...
Wanted to provide an update. My sister has had 4 sessions of chemo (doxorubicin and oxaliplatin) 3 weeks apart so far. She is also taking Xeloda orally daily. She seems to be responding well to the chemo since her blood markers for her cancer (CA19.9) have dropped from 389 to 87 during the 12 weeks period. She had a CT and PET scan after the 4th round of chemo and the existing tumors had shrunk and additional metastates were not found. She is feeling well and has been working throughout. She is very lucky. Wanted to share with others the other things she has been doing to improve her chances. She takes turmeric (fresh or powder) daily, as well as fresh garlic, before dinner. She has a glass of whatgrass juice (from Amazing Grass wheatgrass powder) on an empty stomach in the morning to alkalize her body. She has transitioned to a mostly vegetarian diet emphasizing fresh fruits, legumes, and vegetables. She has also been drinking fresh vegetable juice from a juicer (single gear masticating juicer) ...
  • Gastric cardia is a type of cancer that affects the portion of the stomach that connects to the esophagus, explains New York Presbyterian Hospital. (reference.com)
  • People with gastric cardia cancer experience stomach pain, discomfort and indigestion. (reference.com)
  • Risk factors for gastric cardia cancer include ethnicity, gender, age, family history of stomach disease, and lifestyle habits that include certain diets and smoking. (reference.com)
  • A family history of stomach polyps, stomach cancer, familial adenomatous polyposis and hereditary nonpolyposis colorecteral also poses a risk for gastric cardia cancer. (reference.com)
  • a group of lymph nodes surrounding the cardia of the stomach. (drugs.com)
  • By the mid-1980s, among white men, adenocarcinomas accounted for about one third of all esophageal cancers, while cardia cancers accounted for about one half of all stomach cancers with specified subsites. (nih.gov)
  • Cardia and Antrum are part of your stomach. (healthtap.com)
  • The cardia is the name for the upper part of the stomach that slides with the lower esophagus. (healthtap.com)
  • The aim of this research was to characterize the mucosa of the gastric cardia in relation to infection with Helicobacter pylori and the occurrence of chronic gastritis in other parts of the stomach in a sample of the general population. (diva-portal.org)
  • There are some differences regarding inflammation, proliferative activity, and p53 expression between the cardia and other regions of the stomach, yet the significance of these differences remains to be clarified. (diva-portal.org)
  • James Cardia to Manage Business Development and Partnering at RXi Pharmaceuticals with Departure of Chief Business Officer Eliseev, AN EXPERIENCE OF LAPAROSCOPIC MODIFIED HELLER CARDIOMYOTOMY FOR ACHALASIA CARDIA, Surgical Management of Thoracic Choke in a Cow, Insomnia boosts cardiovascular, cerebrovascular risk, Insomnia in young men boosts CV, cerebrovascular risks, Alcohol and processed meat linked to stomach cancer, Cardholder Authentication Verification Value, Cardiac Allograft Rejection Gene Expression Observational Study. (pessebrepalau.cat)
  • One of the frequent pathologies of the stomach and intestinesis achalasia of the cardia, related to neuromuscular diseases of the esophagus. (lasydlazdrowia.info)
  • The area of the stomach close to the esophageal opening (cardiac orifice or cardia) that contains the cardiac glands. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Question: Where Is The Cardia Of The Stomach? (cheapelitejerseyspaypal.com)
  • Is the cardia part of the stomach? (cheapelitejerseyspaypal.com)
  • The cardia (or cardiac region) is the point where the esophagus connects to the stomach and through which food passes into the stomach. (cheapelitejerseyspaypal.com)
  • What is the function of the cardia in the stomach? (cheapelitejerseyspaypal.com)
  • How long is the cardia of the stomach? (cheapelitejerseyspaypal.com)
  • The gastric cardia is a microscopic zone that is normally found in the most proximal portion of the stomach, although cardiac-type mucosa may arise in the distal esophagus as a metaplastic phenomenon secondary to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). (cheapelitejerseyspaypal.com)
  • There are four main regions in the stomach: the cardia, fundus, body, and pylorus (Figure 1). (cheapelitejerseyspaypal.com)
  • Rising incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia. (nih.gov)
  • Analyses of cancer incidence data from nine areas of the United States revealed steadily rising rates from 1976 to 1987 of adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia. (nih.gov)
  • also called the gastroesophageal junction or GEJ) and gastric cardia ( figure 1 ), represent anatomical sites with a remarkably high and rapidly rising incidence of adenocarcinoma. (uptodate.com)
  • BACKGROUND: Adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia have risen dramatically in incidence over the past few decades, however, little research has been conducted on the occupational risk factors for these cancers. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The incidence of esophageal and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma is, for unknown reasons, increasing dramatically. (nih.gov)
  • The reasons for the increasing incidence of and strong male predominance in patients with oesophageal and cardia adenocarcinoma remain unclear. (bmj.com)
  • Specific airborne occupational exposures do not seem to be of major importance in the aetiology of oesophageal or cardia adenocarcinoma and are unlikely to contribute to the increasing incidence or the male predominance. (bmj.com)
  • The rising incidence and the strong male predominance among patients with esophageal and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma remain unexplained. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Objective Globally, gastric cancer incidence shows remarkable international variation and demonstrates distinct characteristics by the two major topographical subsites, cardia (CGC) and non-cardia (NCGC). (bmj.com)
  • Cardia and non-cardia gastric cancer incidence rates have been reported for some countries, with cardia rates typically lower than non-cardia rates. (bmj.com)
  • Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagus and Gastric Cardia: Is There Progress in the Face of Increasing Cancer Incidence? (annals.org)
  • Adenocarcinoma in the distal part of the oesophagus and the gastric cardia is increasing in incidence. (bmj.com)
  • Introduction: A worldwide increasing incidence is seen for oesophageal adenocarcinoma, but not for oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma. (eur.nl)
  • Purposes of the current study were to evaluate the changing incidence rates of oesophageal and gastric cardia cancer, and to assess survival trends. (eur.nl)
  • Discussion: In the Netherlands, a rising incidence is seen for oesophageal adenocarcinoma, but not for gastric cardia adenocarcinoma. (eur.nl)
  • Elevated body mass index (BMI, kg m -2 ) has been consistently associated with oesophageal adenocarcinoma (EA) and gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) incidence. (snfge.org)
  • In a nationwide Swedish population based case control study, 189 and 262 cases of oesophageal and cardia adenocarcinoma respectively, 167 cases of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma, and 820 frequency matched controls underwent personal interviews. (bmj.com)
  • An increased risk of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OR 3.9 (95% CI 1.2 to 12.5)), and a tendency of an increased risk of cardia adenocarcinoma (OR 2.8 (95% CI 0.9 to 8.5)), were identified among hotel and restaurant workers. (bmj.com)
  • Patients in group A had definite oesophageal cancer, group B patients had a definite carcinoma located in the gastric cardia, and group C patients had an obstructing tumour distal in the oesophagus at the level of the diaphragm, which could not be passed with the endoscope. (bmj.com)
  • CK phenotyping cannot distinguish between cancer arising from a Barrett's oesophagus and carcinoma originating in the gastric cardia. (bmj.com)
  • No significant changes in survival were found for M0 and M1 gastric cardia carcinoma. (eur.nl)
  • Adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia disproportionately affected white men and rarely occurred among women. (nih.gov)
  • A weak and inconsistent association between body mass index (BMI) and adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia has been reported. (nih.gov)
  • To reexamine the association between BMI and development of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia. (nih.gov)
  • Because the signal transduction events that occur in Barrett's esophagus are poorly understood, this study aimed at generating a comprehensive description of cellular kinase activity in Barrett's esophagus, normal squamous esophagus, and gastric cardia to gain more insight into the pathogenesis of Barrett's esophagus. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Lagergren J, Bergström R, Nyrén O. Association between Body Mass and Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagus and Gastric Cardia. (annals.org)
  • Adenocarcinomas of the distal esophagus and gastric cardia are two tumors that have many features in common. (aacrjournals.org)
  • In the present study, we investigated several genetic and immunohistochemical features of adenocarcinomas of the distal esophagus and gastric cardia. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Although adenocarcinomas of the distal esophagus and gastric cardia have many features in common, we have found some evidence that they might form two different entities. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Some differences, however, do exist between adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Our results suggest that, overall, workplace exposures play a minor role in the etiology and upward trend of esophageal and gastric cardia adenocarcinomas. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Cancerous stenosis of the cardia is to be distinguished from cicatricial stenosis in this situation. (pessebrepalau.cat)
  • Achalasia of the cardia is the most common primary motility disorder of the oesophagus. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Though thew actual cause of achalasia cardia is not known exactly, but there are some theories postulated for the aetiology of achalasia cardia of oesophagus. (indiasurgerytour.com)
  • Aurebach,s myenteric plexus is a bunch of nerves supplying the oesophagus and degeneration of this aurebach,s plexus my lead to dilatation of esophagus causing achalasia cardia. (indiasurgerytour.com)
  • 11 cases of achalasia of the cardia (cardiospasm/megalo-oesophagus) were treated with Jianjing GB-21 as the main point. (jcm.co.uk)
  • Achalasia cardia is a neuromuscular disorder of the oesophagus, characterized by abnormal oesophageal motility and failure of lower esophageal sphincter relaxation . (bvsalud.org)
  • METHODS: In this population-based case-control study, lifetime job histories were compared between cases of esophageal adenocarcinoma (n = 283), gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (n = 259), and population controls (n = 689). (biomedsearch.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed associations of esophageal adenocarcinoma with employment in administrative support, health services, and a category of financial, insurance, and real estate industries, and of gastric cardia adenocarcinoma with transportation and certain woodworking occupations. (biomedsearch.com)
  • A genotype risk score predicts type 2 diabetes from young adulthood: the CARDIA study. (nih.gov)
  • The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study followed young adults (aged 18-30 years, mean age 25) serially into middle adulthood. (nih.gov)
  • Incident type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in the CARDIA study. (nih.gov)
  • The study is ancillary to the the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study, a large cohort study supported by the NHLBI. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The ancillary study in year 16 of CARDIA will recall 1,200 women who received a coronary artery calcification (CAC) determination in year 15. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Methods: Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study is a longitudinal study of young adults to assess the risk factors for cardiovascular disease. (ahajournals.org)
  • The present study was undertaken to determine RASSF1A methylation in the gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) tissue and adjacent non-cancer tissues to further understand the moleculer mechanism of GCA and to screen the possible biomarkers to identify the high-risk subjects and early GCA patients. (aacrjournals.org)
  • We used data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study to test whether the addition of a genotype score improves type 2 diabetes prediction from young adulthood in whites and blacks. (springer.com)
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Participants were 3,628 white and black adults aged 18-30 years without diabetes or prediabetes at baseline (1985-1986) in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • DESIGN: We analyzed a prospective 20-y cohort of young adults from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. (unc.edu)
  • We illustrate problems in the interpretation of such changes with longitudinal data from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. (rti.org)
  • The data and background literature support the assumption that cohort effects do not seriously compromise interpretation for these variables in the CARDIA study. (rti.org)
  • In this study, 80 adult volunteers underwent esophagogastroscopy with biopsies from the gastric cardia, corpus, and antrum. (diva-portal.org)
  • Dietary patterns during adulthood and cognitive performance in midlife: the CARDIA study. (drugsandalcohol.ie)
  • McEvoy, Claire T and Hoang, Tina and Sidney, Stephen and Steffen, Lyn M and Jacobs, David R and Shikany, James M and Wilkins, John T and Yaffe, Kristine (2019) Dietary patterns during adulthood and cognitive performance in midlife: the CARDIA study. (drugsandalcohol.ie)
  • We evaluated the association of SCT status with cross-sectional and longitudinal changes in fitness and risk of hypertension, diabetes and metabolic syndrome over 25 years among 1,995 African Americans (56% women, 18 to 30 years old) in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. (luriechildrens.org)
  • Methods: This retrospective cohort study included all patients diagnosed with oesophageal or gastric cardia cancer between 1995 and 2006. (eur.nl)
  • Associations Between Cellular Aging Markers and Metabolic Syndrome: Findings From the CARDIA Study Révész, Dóra;Verhoeven, Josine E;Picard, Martin;Lin, Jue;Sidney, Stephen;Epel, Elissa S;Penninx, Brenda W J H;Puterman, Eli 2018-01-01 00:00:00 Abstract Background Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is thought to promote biological aging, which might lead to cardiovascular and aging-related complications. (deepdyve.com)
  • Background-The purpose of this study was to identify determinants of 20-year change in left ventricular (LV) mass (LVM) and LV geometry in black and white young adults in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. (elsevier.com)
  • This study aims to investigate the expression and significance of p57 kip2 and cyclinD1 in gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA). (oncotarget.com)
  • These participants included approximately equal numbers of African Americans and whites and men and women from 4 cities in the United States who completed the 1990-1991 examination of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. (umassmed.edu)
  • Methods and results-: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study is a cohort of 5115 white and black adults who were aged 18 to 30 years when they completed a baseline clinic examination from 1985 to 1986. (northwestern.edu)
  • The purpose of our study was to evaluate the effect of MTHFR single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA). (cdc.gov)
  • The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study in 1985-86 (year 0) recruited 5,115 black and white men and women, aged 18-30. (biomedcentral.com)
  • METHODS: We examined 25 years of data from Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA), an ongoing study of a community-based cohort of 5115 men and women aged 18 to 30 years at baseline with periodic re-examinations. (umassmed.edu)
  • and Jacobs, David R. Jr., "Relapse among cigarette smokers: the CARDIA longitudinal study - 1985-2011" (2014). (umassmed.edu)
  • Methods: Changes in measures of smoking, physical activity, lipids/lipoproteins, body weight, and blood pressure were investigated over two consecutive 5-year follow-up periods among 3950 participants (aged 18 to 30 years) in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, who either did or did not have an immediate family member experience a heart attack or stroke. (umn.edu)
  • It is assumed that any vagal disturbance may be a cause of achalasia cardia or cardiospasm. (indiasurgerytour.com)
  • Many persons having a habit of mouth breathing may suffer from achalasia thus it is assumed that air swallowing may have a role in causing cardiospasm or achalasia cardia. (indiasurgerytour.com)
  • Achalasia, also known as esophageal achalasia, achalasia cardia ,cardiospasm, and esophageal aperistalsis is a disorder of the esophagus (food pipe) in which the nerves and muscles do not work properly, causing swallowing difficulties, sometimes chest pain, regurgitation (food coming back in throat) and its consequent coughing and breathing problems (if food gets into the lungs). (drchiragthakkar.com)
  • We studied consecutive patients diagnosed with oesophageal adenocarcinoma and cancer located in the gastric cardia to evaluate whether CK expression can be of value in differentiating between the two tumour types. (bmj.com)
  • Patients and methods: Patients diagnosed with oesophageal adenocarcinoma (N = 12,195) or SCC (N = 9046), or gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (N = 9900) between 1989 and 2008 in the Netherlands were included. (eur.nl)
  • The two major topographical subsites of gastric cancer, cardia and non-cardia, display distinct characteristics in their descriptive epidemiology and risk factor profiles. (bmj.com)
  • Men had higher estimated rates than women, particularly for cardia gastric cancer. (bmj.com)
  • For several populations, for example, for men in Australia, the USA and the UK, estimated cardia gastric cancer rates were comparable with or exceeded estimated non-cardia gastric cancer rates. (bmj.com)
  • Gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) is an aggressive subtype of gastric cancer with a high metastatic rate. (biomedcentral.com)
  • According to Ozde, this true gastric cardia normally measures less than 0.4 cm (their abstract mistakenly states 0.4 mm) and "is typically composed of pure mucous glands, or mixed mucous/oxyntic glands that are histologically indistinguishable from metaplastic mucinous columnar epithelium of the distal esophagus" (p. (cheapelitejerseyspaypal.com)
  • Cardia or Kardia (Ancient Greek: Kαρδία), anciently the chief town of the Thracian Chersonese (today Gallipoli peninsula), was situated at the head of the Gulf of Melas (today the Gulf of Saros). (wikipedia.org)
  • For World Heart Month-September 2018, Preventive Cardiology Cardia answers to common Heart questions Heart disease is still the leading cause of death for men and women in India, but it's preventable. (cardia.care)
  • It is sometimes difficult to distinguish between cardia cancer and oesophageal cancer. (bmj.com)
  • abnormally slow heart rate of less than 60 beats per minute https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/cardia. (pessebrepalau.cat)
  • The assumption that adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and cardia (ADEC) originates only from the sequence intestinal metaplasia followed by dysplasia and cancer is controversial. (knowcancer.com)
  • In this sense, we analyze the main molecular alterations present in exons 5 to 8 of TP53 in patients with intestinal metaplasia of the cardia (IMC) and Barrett's esophagus (BE) without displasia. (springer.com)
  • Segal F, Kaspary APB, Prolla JC, Leistner S (2004) p53 overexpression and p53 mutation analysis in patients with intestinal metaplasia of the cardia and Barretts esophagus. (springer.com)
  • Cardia is a brand name for diltiazem, a calcium-channel blocker most often used for cardiac conditions such as high blood pressure , rate control in atrial fibrillation and other fast heart rhythms, and sometimes spasm of the arteries. (healthtap.com)
  • At Cardia Health Care, we conduct the most comprehensive Cardiac Rehabilitation and Reversal program to prevent & reverse the heart diseases (Arterial Blockage). (cardiahealthcare.co.in)
  • Fourty eight subjects had cardia-type and 32 corpus-type mucosa in the anatomical cardia. (diva-portal.org)
  • The Cardia-Umbrella-Stent by MICRO-TECH is a specially designed stent perfectly tailored to this challenging anatomical diagnosis of the cardia. (micro-tech-europe.com)
  • Malignant obstruction of esophageal and cardia cancer greatly affects the prognosis and life quality of patients. (springer.com)
  • I. To identify tissue and/or circulating biomarkers that are associated with pathCR, DFS, and other clinical outcomes in patients with locally advanced GEJ/cardia adenocarcinoma treated with neoadjuvant pembrolizumab-based therapy. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The odds ratio for patients with cardia adenocarcinoma was 2.3 (CI, 1.5 to 3.6) in those in the highest BMI quartile compared with those in the lowest BMI quartile and 4.3 (CI, 2.1 to 8.7) among obese persons. (nih.gov)
  • This phase Ib/II trial studies the side effects and best way to give pembrolizumab with combination chemotherapy and radiation therapy before surgery and to see how well it works in treating adult patients with gastroesophageal junction or gastric cardia cancer that has spread from where it started to nearby tissue and can be removed by surgery. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Conclusion: Concentration of oesophageal and gastric cardia cancer surgery was associated with improvements in long-term, population-based overall survival for surgically as well as non-surgically treated patients, apparently mediated by an increase in volume. (eur.nl)
  • Thanks to excellent Community support, Cardia Doctors are now one of the leaders in Heart Care, helping patients, receive the very best that Cardiology Care has to offer. (cardia.care)
  • The Cardia offers Round the Clock 24/7-one of only Heart Emergency Response with "Heart Attack Triage Code" where Patients are seen Immediately on arrival at the Triage. (cardia.care)
  • At Cardia Health Care patients are treated who are suffering from Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) or Arterial Blockage, Angina, Hypertension, Chest Pain & Diabetics, Patients who don't want to go for Angioplasty or Bypass Surgery, Patients who have Failed CABG (Bypass Surgery) or PTCA ( Coronary Angioplasty) or even who cannot afford the expensive surgical treatment (Angioplasty & Bypass Surgery). (cardiahealthcare.co.in)
  • Tumors of the esophagogastric junction include two types of adenocarcinoma: distal esophageal adenocarcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Peptide arrays, exhibiting 1,176 specific consensus sequences for protein kinases, were used to produce a global analysis of cellular kinase activity in biopsies of Barrett's esophagus, and results were compared with the neighboring cardia and squamous epithelia. (aacrjournals.org)
  • We identified cascades of activated kinases showing that mitogen-activated protein kinase and epidermal growth factor receptor activity are both significantly altered in Barrett's esophagus compared with squamous and gastric cardia epithelia. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Here, we hypothesized that comparison of the kinomes of Barrett's esophagus with the surrounding normal squamous and gastric cardia epithelia would generate profound insight in the biological processes that are specifically activated in Barrett's esophagus. (aacrjournals.org)
  • What is mild cardia and mild antral gastritis? (healthtap.com)
  • Chronic gastritis (cardia excepted) was diagnosed in 35 subjects, 30 with H . pylori infection. (diva-portal.org)
  • In subjects with cardia-type mucosa, and both carditis and gastritis, the degree of chronic inflammation was higher in the cardia compared to the corpus and antrum and the p53 expression was significantly higher in the cardia compared to the corpus, but similar to that in the antrum. (diva-portal.org)
  • Kozlowski + Cardia Design Floating Tree Branch Pavilion for Expo 2020 Dubai" 27 Nov 2018. (archdaily.com)
  • Potentially modifiable factors associated with insulin were identified by correlating anthropometric, dietary and physical activity data in the CARDIA cohort of 2643 black and 2472 white men and women aged 18-30 years. (nih.gov)
  • If I had achalasia cardia I would go for laparoscopic surgery, if I could find a good laparoscopic surgeon. (ndtv.com)
  • Background: The objective was to evaluate the impact of concentration of surgery for oesophageal and gastric cardia cancer on long-term survival in the population-based Eindhoven Cancer Registry area. (eur.nl)
  • Advanced symptoms of gastric cardia cancer include tarry and black stools, trouble swallowing, vomiting, unexplained weight loss, and swelling of the abdomen, according to New York Presbyterian Hospital. (reference.com)
  • Depressive symptoms, unemployment, and loss of income: The CARDIA Stud" by Mary A. Whooley, Catarina I. Kiefe et al. (umassmed.edu)
  • Exposure to asbestos and cement dust may be risk factors for esophageal adenocarcinoma, and exposure to asphalt fumes and wood dust may increase the risk of cardia adenocarcinoma. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The etiology is different, with gastroesophageal reflux disease playing a major role for esophageal adenocarcinoma, in contrast to adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The proliferative activity was significantly higher in the antrum compared to the cardia and corpus, respectively. (diva-portal.org)
  • Achalasia cardia: dilatation or operation? (bmj.com)
  • Hirschprung's disease or megacolon is a congenital gastrointestinal disease and achalaisa cardia may be due to primary dilatation like the same disease. (indiasurgerytour.com)
  • Lack of integrated parasympathetic stimulation and non propulsive motility of the esophagus may lead to dilatation of the esophagus causing achalasia cardia. (indiasurgerytour.com)
  • The mission of Cardia Care is to reduce the devastating toll of Cardiovascular disease through Innovative Programs in Interventional Cardiology, Critical Care & Community Care though research, education,medical device technology development and improved Patient Care. (cardia.care)
  • Men have twice the risk of developing gastric cardia cancer than women. (reference.com)
  • Individuals who eat diets that are low in vegetables and fruits yet heavy in smoked food are more at risk for gastric cardia cancer, notes New York Presbyterian Hospital. (reference.com)
  • Individuals with autoimmune diseases, smokers and people infected with H. pylori bacteria are at risk for infections that can develop into gastric cardia cancer. (reference.com)
  • So, we investigated the impact of RFA on the malignant obstruction of esophageal and cardia cancer. (springer.com)
  • From gastroscopy, an ulcer of 1.0 cm × 1.2 cm at the entrance of cardia and stiffness of peripheral mucosa were found, leading to suspicion of cardia cancer. (deepdyve.com)
  • At the same time hospitalisation rate for gastric cardia cancer rose. (openarchives.gr)
  • In many parts of northern China, gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) is a common cancer disease [ 1 ]. (oncotarget.com)
  • To explore the influences of propofol on the proliferation and apoptosis of cardia cancer cells via mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (MAPK/ERK) signaling pathway. (europeanreview.org)
  • A total of 65 surgical resection specimens of cardia cancer were selected as research objects and divided into control group and with low (12.5 μmol/L), medium (25 μmol/L), and high (50 μmol/L) propofol concentration groups. (europeanreview.org)
  • Propofol in different concentrations could all effectively inhibit the proliferation of cardia cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner. (europeanreview.org)
  • Propofol can inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of cardia cancer cells, and the action mechanism may be correlated with the inhibition on the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway. (europeanreview.org)
  • Achalasia cardia is very uncommon disorder which will cause patient very difficulty in swallowing food & drink. (laparoscopicsolutions.in)
  • H . pylori was present in 48% of those with cardia-type and 25% of those with corpus-type mucosa ( P = 0.06). (diva-portal.org)
  • In conclusion, H. pylori infection, carditis, and increased p53 expression are more common in subjects with cardia- than corpus-type mucosa in the gastric cardia. (diva-portal.org)
  • Cardia was the birthplace of Alexander's secretary Eumenes and of the historian Hieronymus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plutarch in the "Life of Eumenes" writes that the young men and boys of Cardia were exercising in the Pankration and wrestling. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another Greek, Eumenes of Cardia, was chief secretary (ἀρχιγραμματεύς). (pessebrepalau.cat)
  • CLEVELAND, OHIO - December 16, 2012 - More than 100 million people in the U.S. who are at risk for heart disease caused by metabolic syndrome and inflammation can now take " Cardia 7 "-a purified Omega 7 supplement that has been clinically shown to reduce C-reactive protein (CRP). (tersuslifesciences.com)
  • The etiology of adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia is less well understood. (aacrjournals.org)
  • TY - JOUR T1 - Occupational exposures and risk of esophageal and gastric cardia cancers among male Swedish construction workers. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Confirmation de l'incidence élevé des adénocarcinomes du cardia en occident même si les cancers de l'estomac restent plus nombreux à l'échelle de la planète. (snfge.org)
  • Des études spécifiques aux cancers du cardia sont justifiées en raison des différences épidémiologiques. (snfge.org)
  • Methods and Results-We studied 2426 black and white men and women (54.7% white) aged 43 to 55 years with cardiovascular risk factor data and echocardiograms from CARDIA year 5 and 25 examinations. (elsevier.com)
  • What are the treatment options for achalasia cardia? (ndtv.com)
  • Home » Frequently asked Questions on Health » What are the treatment options for achalasia cardia? (ndtv.com)
  • Cardia HealthCare Cardia Health Care is a unique & worry free Non - Invasive Heart Care Center for the Treatment of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) which is a common type of Cardio Vascular Disease (CVD). (cardiahealthcare.co.in)
  • Cardia Health Care is dedicated to non - surgical USA - FDA approved treatment commonly known as EECP / ECP (Enhanced External Counter Pulsation) and BCA (Bio Chemical Angioplasty) or ACT (Artery Clearance Therapy) with significant lifestyle changes. (cardiahealthcare.co.in)
  • Laparoscopic procedure for the Achalasia Cardia is most effective method for the treatment in which muscle of the sphincter, under direct vision is cut. (laparoscopicsolutions.in)