Cardamine: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that is low-growing in damp meadows of the Northern Hemisphere and has pinnately divided leaves and small white to rose flowers.British Columbia: A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Impatiens: A plant genus of subsucculent annual or perennial plants in the family BALSAMINACEAE, order Geraniales.Fumaria: A plant genus of the family FUMARIACEAE that contains fumariline and other isoquinoline alkaloids.Sasa: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. Folin is the water-soluble extract from Sasa albomarginata. Sasa kurinensis is an ingredient of Sho-ju-sen, a Japanese herbal medicine.Geranium: A plant genus of the family GERANIACEAE. Geranium is also used as a common name for PELARGONIUM.Bees: Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.Manipulation, Osteopathic: Musculoskeletal manipulation based on the principles of OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE developed in 1874 by Dr Andrew Taylor Still.Hydrocharitaceae: A plant family of the order Hydrocharitales, subclass ALISMATIDAE, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons).Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.Phaeohyphomycosis: OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS caused by the dematiaceous (darkly pigmented) MITOSPORIC FUNGI of ALTERNARIA, Bipolaris, CLADOSPORIUM, Curvularia, and EXOPHIALA. These fungi have pigmented HYPHAE due to MELANIN in the cell wall. The initial subcutaneous cyst from the infection can become systemic and spread rapidly to renal, pulmonary and cerebral systems (see CEREBRAL PHAEOHYPHOMYCOSIS) in an IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOST.Exophiala: A normally saprophytic mitosporic Chaetothyriales fungal genus. Infections in humans include PHAEOHYPHOMYCOSIS; and PERITONITIS.. Exophiala jeanselmei (previously Phialophora jeanselmei) is an etiological agent of MYCETOMA.Erythroxylaceae: A plant family of the order Linales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida best known for the coca plant.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Viburnum: A plant genus in the family CAPRIFOLIACEAE. The common name derives from its traditional use for menstrual cramps. It is a source of viburnine, valerianic acid, vibsanin, and ursolic acid. Note that true cranberry is VACCINIUM MACROCARPON.Arabidopsis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.Arabidopsis Proteins: Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Parakeets: Common name for one of five species of small PARROTS, containing long tails.Famous PersonsAgaricales: An extensive order of basidiomycetous fungi whose fruiting bodies are commonly called mushrooms.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Anemone: A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE that contains triterpene saponins. The root of Anemone raddeana is the source of a Chinese folk medicine, zhu jie xian fu. The common name of liverwort is also used with other plants. This genus is unrelated to SEA ANEMONES.Dipterocarpaceae: A plant family of the order Theales.Fruiting Bodies, Fungal: The fruiting 'heads' or 'caps' of FUNGI, which as a food item are familiarly known as MUSHROOMS, that contain the FUNGAL SPORES.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.TexasIntroduced Species: Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.AlaskaVerbesina: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain galegine (GUANIDINES).Foundations: Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.Ferns: Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).Food Coloring Agents: Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.Heliotropium: A plant genus in the family Boraginaceae, order Lamiales, subclass Asteridae. This is the True Heliotrope that should not be confused with an unrelated plant sometimes called Garden Heliotrope (VALERIAN).Viola: A plant genus of the family VIOLACEAE. Some species in this genus are called bouncing bet which is a common name more often used with SAPONARIA OFFICINALIS. Members contain macrocyclic peptides.Gentian Violet: A dye that is a mixture of violet rosanilinis with antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic properties.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Violaceae: A plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Hydrastis: A plant genus of the family RANUNCULACEAE. Members contain BERBERINE.Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Roman World: A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the political domination and influence of ancient Rome, bringing to the conquered people the Roman civilization and culture from 753 B.C. to the beginning of the imperial rule under Augustus in 27 B.C. The early city built on seven hills grew to conquer Sicily, Sardinia, Carthage, Gaul, Spain, Britain, Greece, Asia Minor, etc., and extended ultimately from Mesopotamia to the Atlantic. Roman medicine was almost entirely in Greek hands, but Rome, with its superior water system, remains a model of sanitation and hygiene. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed pp196-99; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, pp107-120)Williams Syndrome: A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.Civilization: The distinctly human attributes and attainments of a particular society.LondonHistory, Medieval: The period of history from the year 500 through 1450 of the common era.

Hybridization between two polyploid Cardamine (Brassicaceae) species in North-western Spain: discordance between morphological and genetic variation patterns. (1/13)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hybridization is an important evolutionary phenomenon, and therefore a detailed understanding of the dynamics of interspecific gene flow and resulting morphological and genetic patterns is of widespread interest. Here hybridization between the polyploids Cardamine pratensis and C. raphanifolia at four localities is explored. Using different types of data, the aim is to provide simultaneous and direct comparisons between genotype and phenotype variation patterns in the studied hybrid populations. METHODS: Evidence of hybridization has been gathered from morphology, molecular markers (amplified fragment length polymorphism and chloroplast DNA sequences), pollen viability, karyology and nuclear DNA content. KEY RESULTS: All data support extensive gene flow occurring in the hybrid populations. A wide range of morphological and genetic variation is observed, which includes both parental and intermediate types. Unbalanced pollen fertility and several ploidy levels are recorded. CONCLUSIONS: Incongruence reported between genotype and phenotype suggests that parental phenotypes are affected by introgression, and intermediate hybrid phenotypes can be genetically closer to one of the parents. Thus, it is evident that morphology, when used alone, can be misleading for interpreting hybridization, and critical evaluation of other data is needed.  (+info)

Regulation of SHOOT MERISTEMLESS genes via an upstream-conserved noncoding sequence coordinates leaf development. (2/13)

The indeterminate shoot apical meristem of plants is characterized by the expression of the Class 1 KNOTTED1-LIKE HOMEOBOX (KNOX1) genes. KNOX1 genes have been implicated in the acquisition and/or maintenance of meristematic fate. One of the earliest indicators of a switch in fate from indeterminate meristem to determinate leaf primordium is the down-regulation of KNOX1 genes orthologous to SHOOT MERISTEMLESS (STM) in Arabidopsis (hereafter called STM genes) in the initiating primordia. In simple leafed plants, this down-regulation persists during leaf formation. In compound leafed plants, however, KNOX1 gene expression is reestablished later in the developing primordia, creating an indeterminate environment for leaflet formation. Despite this knowledge, most aspects of how STM gene expression is regulated remain largely unknown. Here, we identify two evolutionarily conserved noncoding sequences within the 5' upstream region of STM genes in both simple and compound leafed species across monocots and dicots. We show that one of these elements is involved in the regulation of the persistent repression and/or the reestablishment of STM expression in the developing leaves but is not involved in the initial down-regulation in the initiating primordia. We also show evidence that this regulation is developmentally significant for leaf formation in the pathway involving ASYMMETRIC LEAVES1/2 (AS1/2) gene expression; these genes are known to function in leaf development. Together, these findings reveal a regulatory point of leaf development mediated through a conserved, noncoding sequence in STM genes.  (+info)

A conserved molecular framework for compound leaf development. (3/13)

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Molecular evolution of phytochromes in Cardamine nipponica (Brassicaceae) suggests the involvement of PHYE in local adaptation. (4/13)

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Application of the isolation with migration model demonstrates the pleistocene origin of geographic differentiation in Cardamine nipponica (Brassicaceae), an endemic Japanese alpine plant. (5/13)

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Cytotype diversity and genome size variation in eastern Asian polyploid Cardamine (Brassicaceae) species. (6/13)

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Demographic signatures accompanying the evolution of selfing in Leavenworthia alabamica. (7/13)

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Three new megastigmane glucopyranosides from the Cardamine komarovii. (8/13)

Three new megastigmane glucopyranosides, komaroveside A [(3S,4R,5Z,7E)-3,4-dihydroxy-5,7-megastigmadien-9-one-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside] (1), komaroveside B [(3S,4S,5S,6R,7E)-5,6-epoxy-3,4-dihydroxy-7-megastigmen-9-one-3-O-beta-D-glucopyr anoside] (2) and komaroveside C [(3S,4S,5S,6R,7E,9S)-5,6-epoxy-3,4,9-trihydroxy-7-megastigmen-3-O-beta-D-glucopyr anoside] (3) were isolated, together with eight known compounds, from Cardamine komarovii. The identification of these compounds and the elucidation of their structures were based on 1D- and 2D-NMR spectral data analysis. The isolated compounds were tested for their cytotoxicity against four human tumor cell lines (A549, SK-OV-3, SK-MEL-2, HCT15) in vitro using the sulforhodamine B bioassay.  (+info)

*Cardamine

... wavy bittercress Cardamine gambellii Cardamine glacialis Cardamine gouldii Cardamine gunnii Cardamine gunnii-lilacina Cardamine ... mountain watercress Cardamine rupicola - cliff bittercress Cardamine scutata Cardamine seidlitziana Cardamine tenera Cardamine ... Korean bittercress Cardamine lihengiana Cardamine lilacina Cardamine lojanensis Cardamine longii - Long's bittercress Cardamine ... Cardamine africana Cardamine amara - large bittercress Cardamine amporitana Cardamine angulata - seaside bittercress, angled ...

*Cardamine bulbosa

... , commonly called bulbous bittercress, is a perennial plant in the mustard family. It is native to a ... Cardamine bulbosa (Schreb. ex Muhl.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. The Plant List "Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States ... ". "Cardamine bulbosa". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America ...

*Cardamine lojanensis

... is a species of flowering plant in the Brassicaceae family. It is found only in Ecuador. Its natural ... León-Yánez, S. & Pitman, N. (2003). "Cardamine lojanensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2003: e. ...

*Cardamine flagellifera

... , commonly known as Blue Ridge bittercress, is a species of herbaceous plant in the mustard family. It is ... "Cardamine flagellifera in Flora of North America @ efloras.org". efloras.org. Retrieved 7 December 2017. ... Unlike the similar-looking Cardamine clematis which grows in high elevations, C. flagellifera is typically found in low to ... "Cardamine flagellifera". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. Retrieved 2017-12-21. Alan Weakley (2015). "Flora of the Southern ...

*Cardamine impatiens

... , the narrowleaf bittercress or narrow-leaved bitter-cress, is a plant species of the genus Cardamine ... "Cardamine impatiens". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 10 January 2016. "BSBI List 2007 ...

*Cardamine lyrata

... , known commonly as Japanese cress and Chinese ivy, is a species of aquatic plant in the mustard family. It is ... "Cardamine lyrata". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ...

*Cardamine pentaphyllos

... (syn. Dentaria pentaphyllos), five-leaflet bitter-cress or showy toothwort, is a flowering plant in the ... "RHS Plant Selector - Cardamine pentaphylla". Retrieved 16 July 2013. ...

*Cardamine douglassii

... has an erect unbranched stem which is 10 to 25 centimeters tall, and sparsely to densely hairy. The basal ... Cardamine douglassii (known by the common names limestone bittercress and purple cress) is a perennial forb native to the ... Cardamine douglassii is listed as an endangered species by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and as a species of special ... Cardamine douglassii is widely distributed in Ontario and the eastern and central United States, although local distribution ...

*Cardamine lilacina

... , commonly known as the lilac bitter-cress, is a herbaceous plant native to Australia. Retter L, Harden GJ ( ... 1990). "Cardamine lilacina Hook". Plantnet - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney. Retrieved 25 February ...

*Cardamine digitata

... (Richardson's bittercress; syn. Dentaria digitata Lam.), is an ornamental plant of Brassicaceae family, ...

*Cardamine corymbosa

... , commonly known as the New Zealand bitter-cress, is a flowering plant in the cabbage family, Brassicaceae. ... New Zealand bittercress was described by Hooker as "a small and very distinct species of Cardamine, wiry and fragile in every ... "Cardamine corymbosa Hook.f". Flora of Australia Online. Australian Biological Resources Study. 1993. Retrieved 2011-01-23. ... Cardamine corymbosa; Brassicaceae): New to the United States" (PDF). Weed Technology. 23: 604-607. doi:10.1614/wt-09-017.1. " ...

*Cardamine nuttallii

Media related to Cardamine nuttallii at Wikimedia Commons Jepson Manual Treatment - Cardamine nuttallii Cardamine nuttallii - ... Cardamine nuttallii is a species of cardamine known by the common name Nuttall's toothwort. It is native to western North ... Cardamine nuttallii is a perennial herb growing from a small, white rhizome. It produces a thin, unbranching stem under 20 ... The rare Cardamine nuttallii var. gemmata is endemic to the Sequoia sempervirens redwood forests of northern California and ...

*Cardamine angustata

... has basal leaves which can be as large as 24 centimeters, consisting of three leaflets borne on a 3 to 16 ... Cardamine angustata (known by the common name slender toothwort) is a perennial forb native to the eastern United States, that ... Cardamine angustata is widely distributed in the eastern United States, although local distribution may be spotty. It has been ... "Cardamine angustata O.E.Schulz - The Plant List". Retrieved January 25, 2014. The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Published on ...

*Cardamine californica

... USDA Plants Profile; Cardamine californica Cardamine californica - Photo gallery. ... Cardamine californica is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to about 1 foot tall. The flowers are produced on a spike, each ... Cardamine californica (Milkmaids) (also Dentaria californica) is a flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae, native to ... Kazuki Ariyoshi; Emily Magnaghi; Mark Frey (Fall 2006). "Hand-Pollination of Cardamine californica Improves Seed Set". Native ...

*Cardamine oligosperma

... USDA Plants Profile; Cardamine oligosperma Cardamine oligosperma - Photo gallery. ... Cardamine oligosperma is a species of cardamine known by the common name little western bittercress. It is native to western ... Cardamine oligosperma is an annual or biennial herb growing from a taproot. It produces one or more upright, branching stems. ... Media related to Cardamine oligosperma at Wikimedia Commons Jepson Manual Treatment - ...

*Cardamine pachystigma

Jepson Manual Treatment - Cardamine pachystigma USDA Plants Profile; Cardamine pachystigma Cardamine pachystigma - Photo ... Cardamine pachystigma is a species of cardamine known by the common name serpentine bittercress. It is endemic to California, ... Cardamine pachystigma is a hairless perennial herb producing stems from tiny rhizomes, each stem erect to about 30 centimeters ...

*Cardamine gouldii

JSTOR Global plants, holotype of Cardamine gouldii Bhutan Living National Treasures Kurosaki, N, & H Ohba. 1989. Cardamine ... Cardamine gouldii is a plant species endemic to Bhutan. It is known only from a single specimen in the herbarium of Kew Botanic ... Cardamine gouldii is a perennial herb. Middle leaves have 5 leaflets, upper leaves have 3 leaflets. Petiole is 1-3 cm long, ... Cardamine goldii (Brassicaceae), a new species from Bhutan. Novon 11: 289-291 Warwick, S. I., A. Francis & I. A. Al-Shehbaz. ...

*Cardamine hirsuta

Binomial Etymology Cardamine is Dioscorides' name for cress. It is derived from Greek. Hirsuta is a diminuitive of 'hirsutus', ... Cardamine hirsuta, commonly called hairy bittercress, is an annual or biennial member of the mustard family (Brassicaceae), and ... "Tropicos , Name - !Cardamine hirsuta L". www.tropicos.org. Retrieved 23 June 2016. Dennis Horn; David Duhl; Thomas Ellsworth ... "Tropicos , Name - !Cardamine hirsuta L". www.tropicos.org. Retrieved 23 June 2016. Gledhill, David (2008). "The Names of Plants ...

*Cardamine diphylla

... (Broadleaf toothwort, Crinkle root, Crinkle-root, Crinkleroot, Pepper root, Twin-leaved Toothwort, Twoleaf ... USDA Plants Profile: Cardamine diphylla Evergreen NPDB, Toothwort. ...

*Packera cardamine

"Packera cardamine". hortipedia.com. Retrieved 22 May 2014. "Flora of North America: Packera cardamine". efloras.org. Retrieved ... "USDA Plants profile for Packera cardamine (bittercress ragwort)". plants.usda.gov. Retrieved 22 May 2014. "Packera cardamine". ... Packera cardamine is a species of flowering plant in the aster family known by the common name bittercress ragwort. It is ...

*Cardamine occidentalis

Jepson Manual Treatment - Cardamine occidentalis Cardamine occidentalis - USDA Plants Profile Cardamine occidentalis at the ... Cardamine occidentalis is a species of cardamine known by the common name big western bittercress. It is native to western ... Cardamine occidentalis is a perennial herb growing from very small rhizomes. It produces a branching erect or leaning stem ...

*Cardamine breweri

... is a species of cardamine known by the common name Brewer's bittercress. It is native to western North ... Jepson Manual Treatment - Cardamine breweri USDA Plants Profile Cardamine breweri - Photo gallery. ... Cardamine breweri is a perennial herb growing up to about half a meter in maximum height. The leaves are oval in shape and ...

*Cardamine flexuosa

... , commonly known as wavy bittercress or wood bitter-cress, is an herbaceous annual, biennial, or short-lived ... Fruits generally not overtopping the flowers - a feature distinguishing it from Cardamine hirsuta. Common throughout the ...

*Cardamine pensylvanica

... is a species of Cardamine known by the common name Pennsylvania bittercress. It is native to most of ...

*Cardamine amara

... , known as large bitter-cress, is a species of flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae. It is a perennial ... "Cardamine amara", The Plant List, retrieved 2016-08-02 Stace, Clive (2010), New Flora of the British Isles (3rd ed.), Cambridge ...
29. Cardamine oligosperma Nuttall in J. Torrey and A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 85. 1838. Cardamine acuminata (Nuttall) Rydberg; C. hirsuta Linnaeus var. acuminata Nuttall; C. hirsuta var. bracteata O. E. Schulz; C. hirsuta subsp. oligosperma (Nuttall) O. E. Schulz; C. hirsuta var. parviflora Nuttall; C. oligosperma var. bracteata (O. E. Schulz) G. S. Torrey; C. oligosperma var. lucens G. S. Torrey; C. oligosperma var. unijuga (Rydberg) G. S. Torrey; C. unijuga Rydberg. Annuals or biennials; usually sparsely hirsute (at least proximally), rarely glabrous. Rhizomes absent. Stems (simple or few from base), erect to ascending, (not flexuous), unbranched or branched distally, (0.5-) 0.8-3.2(-4.1) dm, usually pubescent throughout or proximally, rarely glabrous. Basal leaves (persistent to anthesis), rosulate, pinnately compound, 5-9(-13)-foliolate, 2-8.5(-11) cm, leaflets petiolulate or subsessile; petiole 1-6 cm; lateral leaflets petiolulate or subsessile, blade obovate to oblanceolate, smaller than ...
41. Cardamine impatiens Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 655. 1753. 弹裂碎米荠 tan lie sui mi ji Cardamine basisagittata W. T. Wang; C. dasycarpa Marschall von Bieberstein; C. glaphyropoda O. E. Schulz; C. glaphyropoda var. crenata T. Y. Cheo & R. C. Fang; C. impatiens var. angustifolia O. E. Schulz; C. impatiens var. dasycarpa (Marschall von Bieberstein) T. Y. Cheo & R. C. Fang; C. impatiens subsp. elongata O. E. Schulz; C. impatiens var. eriocarpa de Candolle; C. impatiens var. fumaria H. Léveillé; C. impatiens var. microphylla O. E. Schulz; C. impatiens var. obtusifolia Knaf; C. impatiens var. pilosa O. E. Schulz; C. nakaiana H. Léveillé; C. senanensis Franchet & Savatier.. Herbs biennial or rarely annual, (12-)20-65(-90) cm tall, glabrous or rarely sparsely pubescent near base. Stems erect, simple at base, usually branched above, angled, sometimes flexuous. Basal leaves rosulate, often withered by flowering; petiole 1-4 cm, not auriculate; leaf blade pinnatisect and appearing compound. Cauline ...
A key question in biology is how differences in gene function or regulation produce new morphologies during evolution. Here we investigate the genetic basis for differences in leaf form between two closely related plant species, Arabidopsis thaliana and Cardamine hirsuta. We report that in C. hirsuta, class I KNOTTED1-like homeobox (KNOX) proteins are required in the leaf to delay cellular differentiation and produce a dissected leaf form, in contrast to A. thaliana, in which KNOX exclusion from leaves results in a simple leaf form. These differences in KNOX expression arise through changes in the activity of upstream gene regulatory sequences. The function of ASYMMETRIC LEAVES1/ROUGHSHEATH2/PHANTASTICA (ARP) proteins to repress KNOX expression is conserved between the two species, but in C. hirsuta the ARP-KNOX regulatory module controls new developmental processes in the leaf. Thus, evolutionary tinkering with KNOX regulation, constrained by ARP function, may have produced diverse leaf forms by
Abronia latifolia (August). Aconitum columbianum (August). Agoseris aurantiaca (July). Allium sp. (June). Allotropa virgata (June). Apocynum androsaemifolium (June). Aquilegia formosa (July). Arabis aculeolata (April). Arctostaphylos viscida ssp. viscida (April). Arnica sororia (May). Asclepias speciosa (July). Aster ledophyllus (July). Astragalus purshii (April). Astragalus whitneyi var. confusus (July). Balsamorhiza sp. (April). Berberis aquifolium (February). Byrum sp. (or Funaria hygrometrica) (January). Calochortus elegans (July). Calochortus eurycarpus (July). Calochortus eurycarpus (June). Calochortus longebarbatus (July). Calochortus macrocarpus (July). Calochortus macrocarpus (July). Calochortus macrocarpus (July). Calochortus tolmiei (May). Caltha leptosepala (June). Calypso bulbosa (April). Camassia quamash (April). Campanula scouleri (August). Cardamine californica var. sinuata (February). Cardamine nuttallii var. nuttallii (March). Cardamine penduliflora (April). Carex obnupta ...
Common name: This weed has a tremendous variety of common names, most relating to the way seed propel from the silique (seed pods). The most used common name is bittercress, others include: pepperweed, shotweed, snapweed, ad infinitum. Snapweed is the name of choice in British Columbia ...
thalictrum flavum (meadow rue) : arabis perfoliata (tower mustard) : cardamine amara (large bittercress) : cardamine impatiens (narrowleaf bittercress) : nasturtium sylvestre (creeping yellow cress) : teesdalia nudicaulis (shepherds cress) : reseda luteola (dyers weld) : silene noctiflora (night flowering catchfly/clammy cockle (similar to campion)) : malva moschata (musk mallow*) : erodium cicutarium (redstem filaree/common storks-bill/pinweed) : genista anglica (petty whin/needle furze/needle whin) : lathyrus nissola (grass vetchling) : orobus tuberosus : prunus insitatia P. padus : geum rivale : rosa subglobosa : rosa micrantha : rosa collina : rubus suberectus R. rhamnifolius : pyrus aria : sedum telephium : saxifrage granulata : chrysosplenium alternifolium : parnassia palustris : helosciadium repens : myrrhis odorata : apium graveolens : OEnanthe crocata : dipsacus pilosus : valerianella denata : gallium witheringii : campanula trachelium C. Latifolia C. Patula : solanum nigrum (black ...
Flower bisexual; sepals 4, free; petals (0)4, free, generally white or yellow, often clawed; stamens generally (2,4)6, generally 4 long, 2 short; ovary 1, superior, chambers generally 2, septum membranous, connecting 2 parietal placentas, style 1, stigma simple or 2- ...
Bittercress (Cardamine hirsuta) can serve as a host for aphids. Aside from the fact that weedy plants are not marketable, this is one more reason to control weeds in your nursery ...
The Brassicaceae (the mustard family, or Cruciferae), an angiosperm family includes several plants of major agronomic, scientific and economic importance. Apart from containing several cultivated species (such as radish, rocket, watercress, wasabi, horseradish, vegetable and oil crops), this family is proud to have model species (Arabidopsis, Alyssum and Brassica), and developing model generic systems (Boechera, Brassica, and Cardamine). In particular, Arabidopsis thaliana (being the first plant species to have its genome sequenced), Thlaspi sp., and Brassica oilseed species (holding the third position among oilseed crops and are an important source of vegetable oil) have revolutionized our knowledge in almost every field of modern plant biology. Additionally, several representatives of the family Brassicaceae have potential to grow fast, yield high biomass, well-adapted to a range of environmental conditions; hence, are equally playing significant roles for achieving environmental sustainability
Apiaceae (was Umbelliferae): Aciphylla, Astrantia, Azorella, Bolax, Hacquetia, etc. Asparagaceae: Arthropodium, Clintonia, Disporum, Disporopsis, Hosta, Maianthemum, Ophiopogon, Polygonatum, Speirantha, Tricyrtis, Uvularia etc Berberidaceae: Berberis, Bongardia, Dysosma, Epimedium, Gymnospermium, Jeffersonia, Leontice, Mahonia, Podophyllum, Ranzania, Sinopodophyllum, Vancouveria, etc. Boraginaceae: Alkanna, Anchusa, Eritrichium, Hesperochiron, Lithodora, Mertensia, Moltkia, Myosotis, Omphalodes, Onosma, Phacelia, Pulmonaria, Romanzoffia, etc Brassicaceae: Aethionema, Alyssum, Arabis, Aubrieta, Cardamine, Chorispora, Clausia, Degenia, Draba, Erysimum, Fibigia, Iberis, Matthiola, Morisia, Notothlaspi, Petrocallis, Thlaspi, Xerodraba, etc Cactaceae: Echinocereus, Lobivia, Maihuenia, Mammilaria, Opuntia, Pediocactus, Rebutia, Sclerocactus, etc Calceolariaceae: Calceolaria , Jovellana. Campanulaceae: Adenophora, Asyneuma, Campanula ( inc, Diosphaera), Codonopsis, Cyananthus, Diosphaera, Edraianthus, ...
Apiaceae (was Umbelliferae): Aciphylla, Astrantia, Azorella, Bolax, Hacquetia, etc. Asparagaceae: Arthropodium, Clintonia, Disporum, Disporopsis, Hosta, Maianthemum, Ophiopogon, Polygonatum, Speirantha, Tricyrtis, Uvularia etc Berberidaceae: Berberis, Bongardia, Dysosma, Epimedium, Gymnospermium, Jeffersonia, Leontice, Mahonia, Podophyllum, Ranzania, Sinopodophyllum, Vancouveria, etc. Boraginaceae: Alkanna, Anchusa, Eritrichium, Hesperochiron, Lithodora, Mertensia, Moltkia, Myosotis, Omphalodes, Onosma, Phacelia, Pulmonaria, Romanzoffia, etc Brassicaceae: Aethionema, Alyssum, Arabis, Aubrieta, Cardamine, Chorispora, Clausia, Degenia, Draba, Erysimum, Fibigia, Iberis, Matthiola, Morisia, Notothlaspi, Petrocallis, Thlaspi, Xerodraba, etc Cactaceae: Echinocereus, Lobivia, Maihuenia, Mammilaria, Opuntia, Pediocactus, Rebutia, Sclerocactus, etc Calceolariaceae: Calceolaria , Jovellana. Campanulaceae: Adenophora, Asyneuma, Campanula ( inc, Diosphaera), Codonopsis, Cyananthus, Diosphaera, Edraianthus, ...
This European moth was first noticed in the Vancouver area in 1982. It is now one of the most frequently encountered noctuids in suburban habitats in Victoria. The caterpillars can be found by flashlight at night, in March and April, feeding on various herbaceous plants, but it seems to have a special preference for Rumex crispus, yet strangely I have had caterpillars that were found on Rumex crispus refuse leaves of the similar Rumex obtusifolia. Nevertheless, I have found them on a variety of plants, including grasses, Calendula, Cardamine, Cirsium, Plantago, Digitalis, Fragaria, Potentilla anserina, Cornus stolonifera, Myosotis, Primula and even the poisonous (to humans) Conium maculatum. The caterpillar can be recognized by the pair of triangular black marks on each of the last two segments ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Cardamine maxima (Nutt.) Alph. Wood Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Cardamine pensylvanica Muhl. ex Willd. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
White butterflies zoomed about. The largest were Large Whites, scourge of allotment brassicas. All the smaller ones that stopped to be identified had a tracery of veins on the hind underwing - Green-Veined Whites. These are the commonest on the Meadows. They dont trouble the gardener - they feed on wild crucifers like the Cuckoo Flower (or Ladys Smock, it has many common names) - Cardamine pratensis. Their flowers are long gone, but there were plenty of other wild members of the cabbage family around ...
Method of finding the distribution of stresses on and in an elastic body from data about the pattern of a temperature variation pattern on the surface of the elastic body caused by the thermoelastic effect and also from data obtained by numerical analysis of the stresses. First, stress variations are adiabatically given to the actual elastic body. The pattern of temperature variations on the surface of the object caused by the thermoelastic effect is detected. Then, the sums of principal stresses inside the surface of the object are found from the temperature variation pattern. A plurality of free nodal points are established at the boundary of a model of a structure having the same shape as the actual object. A unit external force is applied to certain one of the free nodes. The sums of the resulting stresses at the internal points are found by numerical analysis. The distribution of external forces acting on the free nodes which is closest to the actually measured principal stress sum distribution is
Alpine environments underwent dramatic transformation during glacial-interglacial cycles, with the consequence that geographical, ecological and demographic changes of alpine populations provided the opportunity for formation of neoendemic species. Several biogeographical models have been proposed to account for the unique history of alpine populations, with different expectations of genetic divergence and speciation. The expanding alpine archipelago model proposes that alpine populations expand spatially and demographically during glacial events, dispersing between mountain ranges. Under this model, alpine populations are unlikely to diverge in isolation due to substantial interpopulation gene flow. In contrast, the alpine archipelago refuge model proposes that gene flow during glacial phases is limited and populations expand demographically during interglacial phases, increasing genetic isolation and the likelihood of speciation. We assess these models by reconstructing the evolutionary ...
Yu-ping, R.; Zhe, C.; Ling-ling, Z.; Min, Z.; Yong-juan, Z.; Bai, K. (2012). Genetic variation patterns of Medicago ruthenica populations from Northern China. African Journal of Biotechnology 11(22) : p. 6011-6017 ISSN:1684- ...
Vicia nipponica is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in). The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.The plant is self-fertile. It can fix Nitrogen. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers moist soil.
Objective: To evaluate the distribution, reference values and day-to-day variation of blood pressure of untreated subjects measured at home. Design: Cross-sectional study of a cohort. Setting: General community in northern japan. Subjects: Blood pressure was measured in 871 subjects mean+-SD age 46.0+-19.5 years, range 7-98, constituting 38.7%...
Phylogenetic and biogeographic relationships of Eastern Asian and Eastern North American disjunct Suillus species (fungi) as inferred from nuclear ribosomal RNA its sequencess profile, publications, research topics, and co-authors
Long and short-term exposure to particulate matter (PM) are linked to adverse heath endpoints. Evidence indicates that PM composition such as metals and organic carbon (OC) might drive the health effects. As airborne pollutants show significant intracity spatiotemporal variation, mobile sampling and distributed monitors are utilized to capture the variation pattern. The measurements are then fed to develop models to better characterize the relationship between exposure and health outcomes. Two sampling campaigns were conducted. One was sole mobile sampling in 2013 summer and winter in Pittsburgh, PA. Thirty-six sites were chosen based on three stratification variables: traffic density, proximity to point sources, and elevation. The other one was hybrid sampling network, incorporating a mobile sampling platform, 15 distributed monitors, and a supersite. We designed two case studies (transect and downtown), selected 14 neighborhoods (~1 km2), and conducted sampling in 2016 summer/fall and winter. Spatial
SEVEN people, most of them elderly women, have died after eating pickles contaminated with E. coli in northern Japan, in the countrys deadliest mass food poisoning in 10 years.
Kitami: Kitami, city, northeastern Hokkaido, northern Japan. It occupies a long corridor of land that stretches roughly southwest-northeast from the Kitami Mountains to the Sea of
Asahikawa, city, northwest-central Hokkaido, northern Japan. It lies along the Ishikari River in the agriculturally important Kamikawa Basin. The area was settled in 1889 and organized as a village in 1893, after which Asahikawa became the railway, marketing, and industrial centre for northern
Akita Is A Very Ancient Dog, Bred In The 17th Century In Northern Japan. Check Out All About Akita Puppy - Size, Lifespan, Health Issues & Much More.
In June, Science published a paper that heralds the new direction of research. According to the study, dogs were domesticated not once but twice, on opposite ends of the Eurasian continent at least 15,000 years ago. Previous studies assumed that domestication was a difficult and thus rare event, occurring only once. But the new dual-origin theory found that an ancient European population was replaced by an eastern Asian population as the latter expanded across the continent. Every dog alive today is descended from ancient Asian roots ...
kód: 0785 rod: Aubrieta druh: Aubrieta × cultorum Axcent Blue With Eye čeľaď: Brassicaceae slov. názov: tarička
Via The Globe and Mail, a Reuters report: 6.9-magnitude quake jolts northern Japan. An earthquake with a preliminary magnitude of 6.4 jolted Japans northern island of Hokkaido on Saturday, the Japan Meteorological Agency said. No tsunami was seen as a...
Northern Japan is in the grip of a blizzard as strong winds and heavy snow forced the cancellation of almost 300 flights and vehicles were buried in snow, officials and reports say.
Paleoanthropological evidence indicates that modern humans reached South Asia in one of the first dispersals out of Africa, which were later followed by migrations from different parts of the world. The variation of 20 microsatellite and 38 binary polymorphisms on the non-recombining part of the uniparental, hapliod Y-chromosome was examined in 1434 male individual of 87 different populations of India to investigate various hypothesis of migration and peopling of South Asia Sub-continent. This study revealed a total of 24 paternal lineages, of which haplogroups H, R1a1, O2a and R2 portrayed for approximately 70% of the Indian Y-Chromosomes. The high NRY diversity value (0.893) and coalescence age of approx. 45-50 KYA for H and C haplogroups signified an early settlement of the subcontinent by modern humans. Haplogroup frequency and AMOVA results provide similar evidence in support of a common Pleistocene origin of Indian populations, with partial influence of Indo-European gene pool on the ...
A 111-year-old Japanese was certified as the worlds oldest man by Guinness World Records on Wednesday. Sakari Momoi, a native of Fukushima in northern Japan, was given a certificate at a hospital in Tokyo. (Aug. 20)
Japanese kombu. Roland Hai Dai Seaweed is grown and harvested off the island of Hokkaido in northern Japan. This seaweed infuses the flavor of the ocean to any recipe you prepare, including soup stocks, miso soup and sushi rice. Roland Specialty Foods. Vi
Okay, kvetch over. I had the interesting opportunity to watch a pair of podcasts being created this morning. Fr Roderick Vonhögen was uStreaming today whilst recording his podcasts. I came in as he was recording a podcast in Dutch. I never heard Dutch being spoken before, and I was fascinated. Its always neat to listen to other languages being spoken. Fr Roderick doesnt have an accent when he speaks English, or rather, he has a very slight accent that youll have to listen hard for, and according to his website, he is fluent in six languages. It was fascinating to listen and watch him at work, and there was also real-time chat going on in the side as well with a very interesting group of people. One fellow was in the Netherlands, where Fr Roderick is based, then there was the "displaced Floridian" currently living in Northern Japan, whingeing on about the cold ... we were privy to the technical problems Fr Roderick was experiencing whilst uploading his Dutch podcast ... and then I watched him ...
Now this is where I get on my soapbox, since we are trying to be more aware of what we are eating with Courtneys Crohns. Most shrimp in the grocery store is from Eastern Asian countries. They raise their shrimp on farms and end up having to put chemicals in the water to prevent disease and keep the growin. Three different banned antibiotics were found in the shrimp: enrofloxacin, an antibiotic banned in animals that Americans eat because it damages the immune system; chloramphenicol, suspected to cause cancer in humans; and carcinogen nitrofuranzone, which was banned in the U.S. 40 years ago. ...
This study was designed to explore various aspects of the role of learning in determining habitat preference in mice. Using an inbred strain of mice, a series of six experiments was conducted in order to evaluate the effects of experience with two different bedding materials upon bedding material preference. Bedding preference was examined in various experiments by allowing a choice of bedding material and noting on what material the animal slept, ate and where females maintained their litters. In addition, growth and reproductive indices as a function of bedding experience were also recorded. Experiment I was designed to answer basic questions about the role of prior experience in determining habitat preference in mice. Variations in the bedding material to which mice were exposed were found to affect their habitat preference at weaning and in adulthood. In addition, it was found that prior experience had different effects on the habitat preference of male and female offspring. Males, rather than
Results showed that total bacterial numbers remained fairly constant throughout the diurnal period regardless of the diet fed. However, the number of viable bacteria decreased rapidly after feeding reaching its lowest level at 2 or 4 h post-feeding. Thereafter the viable population increased gradually, reaching its highest number at 16 h post-feeding. Changes in the major carbohydrate metabolizing groups within the bacterial population were, in general, not related to the theoretical pattern of ruminal fermentation for the primary carbohydrate components (soluble sugars, starch, pectin, hemicellulose and cellulose) in the diets fed. The most striking observation was that the soluble carbohydrate utilizing bacteria predominated at all times in both diets. Xylan and pectin degrading bacteria comprised about one half and one third of the population, respectively (slightly less on the high concentrate diet). These groups reached maximum representation between 8 and 12 h post-feeding. The ...
Seismologists say a strong earthquake has struck off the northeastern coast of Japans main Honshu island, but no tsunami warning was issued and there were no immediate reports of damage. The U....
Gracillin is a kind of steroidal saponin isolated from the root bark of wild yam Dioscorea nipponica with antitumor agent. - Mechanism of Action & Protocol.
Stems (when present) 1-1.5 dm. Basal leaves: petiole 1.2-4 cm; blade 2.5-4.5(-6) cm, lobes 1-4 on each side, margins entire or shallowly dentate, terminal lobe orbicular to broadly ovate, 0.5-1 cm × 4-10 mm, considerably larger than lateral lobes, margins entire or shallowly dentate. Fruiting pedicels: solitary flowers 30-60 mm; racemes 10-25 mm. Flowers: sepals widely spreading, oblong-linear, 3-4.5(-5) × 0.9-1.5 mm; petals spreading, white, lavender, or yellow, spatulate, (5-)6-8(-9) × 1.7-3(-4) mm, claw yellow, 1.8-2.5 mm, apex shallowly emarginate, apical notch 0.1-0.4(-0.6) mm deep; filaments: median 2.2-4.2 mm, lateral 1-1.9 mm; anthers 0.5-0.9 mm. Fruits oblong, (1-)1.5-2.2 cm × (3.5-)4-5(-5.5) mm, smooth, latiseptate, (not margined); valves thin; ovules (4-)6-14 per ovary; style 0.7-1.7(-2.2) mm. Seeds 2.5-3.5 mm diam.; wing 0.2-0.5 mm wide; embryo straight. 2n = 22. Flowering Mar-May. Limestone glades, pastures, near limestone sinks, roadsides, old fields, thin soil over limestone ...
A strong earthquake jolted northern Japan early on Thursday, injuring at least 76 people, trapping hundreds in halted trains and temporarily cutting off electric power to thousands of homes.
As I start writing another earthquake has just hit Northern Japan preliminary reports states it is a 6.0. There is no further information at this time. My heartfelt prayers go out to all in Japan at this time. There are many heroes diligently working at present in Japan. The workers of the crippled nuclear power…
Ali, T., Schmuker, A., Runge, F., Solovyeva, I., Nigrelli, L., Paule, J., Buch, A.K., Xia, X., Ploch, S., Orren, O. & Kummer, V. 2016. Morphology, phylogeny, and taxonomy of Microthlaspi (Brassicaceae: Coluteocarpeae) and related genera. Taxon 65(1): 79-98. DOI: 10.12705/651.6 PDF Reference page ...
(Plant width:varies) This bamboo grows low to the ground. It has large, green and white variegated leaves and prominent nodes. It grows on the Pacific
SELECTED REFERENCES Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1977. Protogyny in the Cruciferae. Syst. Bot. 2: 327-333. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1984. The tribes of Cruciferae (Brassicaceae) in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 65: 343-373. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1985. The genera of Brassiceae (Cruciferae; Brassicaceae) in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 66: 279-351. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1985b. The genera of Thelypodieae (Cruciferae; Brassicaceae) in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 66: 95-111. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1986. The genera of Lepidieae (Cruciferae; Brassicaceae) in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 67: 265-311. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1987. The genera of Alysseae (Cruciferae; Brassicaceae) in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 68: 185-240. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1988. The genera of Arabideae (Cruciferae; Brassicaceae) in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 69: 85-166. Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 1988b. The genera of Anchonieae (Cruciferae; Brassicaceae) in the ...
Bjorå, Charlotte Sletten; Elden, Marte; Nordal, Inger; Brysting, Anne Krag; Awas, Tesfaye; Sebsebe, Demissew & Bendiksby, Mika (2017). Speciation in the genera Anthericum and Chlorophytum (Asparagaceae) in Ethiopia - a molecular phylogenetic approach. Phytotaxa. ISSN 1179-3155. 297(2), s 139- 156 . doi: 10.11646/phytotaxa.297.2.2 Fulltekst i vitenarkiv. Vis sammendrag Sister group relations of Ethiopian species of Anthericum and Chlorophytum and variation patterns in the C. gallabatense and C. comosum complexes are studied using molecular phylogenetic analyses, morphometrics, and scanning electron microscopy of seed surfaces. Our results indicate that molecular data largely support previous morphological conclusions, and that speciation has occurred in Ethiopia at least three times in Anthericum and repeatedly within different subclades of Chlorophytum. Areas particularly rich in endemic species are the lowland area around Bale Mountains in SE Ethiopia and in the Beninshangul Gumuz regional ...
Levels of radioactivity have risen sharply in seawater near a tsunami-crippled nuclear plant in northern Japan, signaling the possibility of new leaks at the facility, the government said Saturday.
OTSUCHI, JAPAN | Survivors across northern Japan say they suspect the death toll from the March 11 tsunami is much higher than the official figure of|b| |/b|more than 15,000 dead and nearly 8,000 missing nationwide.
Seven diners in northern Japan fell ill and three remained hospitalized Tuesday after eating blowfish testicles prepared in a restaurant not authorized to serve the poisonous delicacy.
From the Venetian Lagoon to the rugged shores of northern Japan, these major art festivals should be on the itinerary of any island-hopping culture vulture.
Read "Evolutionary divergence of LFY function in the mustards Arabidopsis thaliana and Leavenworthia crassa, Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
The first attempt to secure plants took 200 cuttings from the Stations "iron-clads" and to my surprise most of them rooted. In due time a listing of rhododendron species seed available from the Swedens G teborg Botanical Garden came to my attention. At this point, it dawned on me that this could serve as a starting point for a collection of species and cultivars. In April 1953 we received seed of species from B. Lindquist at G teborg who had just returned from Northern Japan, this thanks to our connection Dr. I. Granhall at the Balsg rd Fruit Institute in Fj lkestad, Sweden. Presumably a few were collected in Northern Japan: RR. concinnum, fargesii (now R. oreodoxa var. fargesii), fauriei (now R. brachycarpum ssp. fauriei), fauriei var. rufescens (now R. brachycarpum ssp. brachycarpum), ferrugineum, flavum (now R. aureum), hippophaeoides, hirsutum, insigne, intermedium, longesquamatum, luteum, ponticum, schlippenbachii, searsiae, smirnowii, tschonoskii, vaseyi and viscosum (as well as a R. ...
To investigate diversity of mitochondrial gene pool of Tatars inhabiting the territory of the middle Volga River basin, 197 individuals from two populations representing Kazan Tatars and Mishars were subjected for analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region variation. In addition, 73 mitochondrial genomes of individuals from Mishar population were sequenced completely. It was found that mitochondrial gene pool of the Volga Tatars consists of two parts, but western Eurasian component prevails considerably (84% on average) over eastern Asian one (16%). Eastern Asian mtDNAs detected in Tatars belonged to a heterogeneous set of haplogroups (A, C, D, G, M7, M10, N9a, Y, Z), although only haplogroups A and D were revealed simultaneously in both populations. Complete mtDNA variation study revealed that the age of western Eurasian haplogroups (such as U4, HV0a and H) is less than 18,000 years, thus suggesting re-expansion of Eastern Europeans soon after the Last Glacial Maximum ...
A large fraction of genetic variation is observed within populations (about 80% and 90 % for mtDNA and the Y-chromosome, respectively). The genetic divergence between populations is much higher in Mon-Khmer than in Tai speaking groups, especially at the paternally inherited markers. The two major linguistic groups are genetically distinct, but only for a marginal fraction (1 to 2 %) of the total genetic variation. Genetic distances between populations correlate with their linguistic differences, whereas the geographic distance does not explain the genetic divergence pattern.. …. The Mon-Khmer speaking populations in northern Thailand exhibited the genetic divergence among each other and also when compared to Tai speaking peoples. The different drift effects and the post-marital residence patterns between the two linguistic groups are the explanation for a small but significant fraction of the genetic variation pattern within and between them. ...
Antagonistic teeth in human dentition build a strong functional unit (occlusion and mastication). In evolution, highly integrated (developmental) morphological patterns are expected to be objects of stabilizing selection.. The aim of my PhD project is to quantify and analyse molar EDJ morphology and morphological patterns of intra-individual, intra-population and among-population variation in modern humans. Major factors driving such variation patterns will be interpreted in an evolutionary-developmental context. Using methods of modern geometric morphometrics and high-throughput microCT, multivariate quantitative data will be acquired, processed and analysed. ...
In the present study, (1)H HRMAS NMR spectroscopy was used to assess the changes in the intracellular metabolic profile of MG-63 human osteosarcoma (OS) cells induced by the chemotherapy agent cisplatin (CDDP) at different times of exposure. Multivariate analysis was applied to the cells spectra, enabling consistent variation patterns to be detected and drug-specific metabolic effects to be identified. Statistical recoupling of variables (SRV) analysis and spectral integration enabled the most relevant spectral changes to be evaluated, revealing significant time-dependent alterations in lipids, choline-containing compounds, some amino acids, polyalcohols, and nitrogenated bases. The metabolic relevance of these compounds in the response of MG-63 cells to CDDP treatment is discussed.
In this paper, we present a prediction model for microlens formation by means of a deep X-ray lithography followed by a thermal treatment of a PMMA (Polymethyl-methacrylate) sheet. According to this modeling, X-ray irradiation causes the decrease of molecular weight of PMMA, which in turn decreases the glass transition temperature and consequently causes a net volume increase during the thermal cycle resulting in a swollen microlens. Both a simple analysis and a Finite Element Analysis based on this model are found to be able to predict the variation pattern of the maximum heights of microlens which depends on the thermal treatment. The prediction model could be applied to optimization of microlens fabrication process.
There seems to be a lot of confusion about Iris setosa and hookeri. They are related and have similarly shaped flowers and occur right across the sub-arctic from Newfoundland through Canada and Alaska across to eastern Siberia and northern Japan. As I understand it the shorter alpine forms, mainly from Canada, have been known as hookeri, while the taller Asiatic forms are known as setosa, but in fact they may in fact just be distinct forms of one variable and widely distributed species ...
Akebia quintata) A beautiful, fast growing vine that thrives with little care and youll love the weird looking fruit! It is a beautiful evergreen in the Pacific Northwest and warmer areas, and deciduous in colder climates. The abundant May flowers are very fragrant. The vine occasionally produces bizarre looking five inch (occasionally much larger) long pink, or blue skinned fruit. Inside is a tasty roll of white seedy pulp that makes a tropical tasting clear jelly or flavorful drink. To get pollination and fruit, plant two of the varieties we offer. Native to Northern Japan, the durable vines are prized for basket making and admired for the intricate silhouetted patterns the foliage cast on walls. The soft young shoots are used for salads or for salt pickling. Given something to climb on the twining vine can grow 20 a year. It may be pruned severely each year if you wish to control its rapid growth. Or it can run along the ground, rooting where branches touch and become an attractive ground ...
Among the hardiest of the hollies hailing from northern Japan. Blue Stallion has a true holly look in a dense, bushy plant with purple stems and extremel
Pictures of brassicaceae wildflowers of West USA. Four flowering stems - draba aurea along the Porphyry Basin Trail, San Juan Mountains, Colorado. High resolution version
JapanKnowledge is a portal to the largest Japanese language online reference collection. It includes encyclopedias (e.g. ビトピビェNipponica, Encyclopedia of Japan, 旨末亻吇夦辞具Nihon jinmei daijiten, imidas, etc.), dictionaries (Japanese-English, English-Japanese, English-English, 球仧甯誠は基礗矫譝Gendai yogo no kiso chishiki, 孜連Jitsu, 固叻夦辞具Kokushi daijiten, etc.), and various full-text and multimedia databases (逯刈ェゲビミソトShukan Economist, 斱緩 旨末句具斏孧公雇 Shinpen Nihon koten bungaku zenshu, 囯解ェビミ㄀ソミヵZukai animation, , ゲェヵトヵミミ㄀ソトゲリェピリリsound and music libraries, 映僐訛錸Eizo kiroku, etc.). ...
Understanding the genetics of colonization is important not only to evolutionary studies and population biology, but also to agriculture and conservation. Basic features of weediness and successful worldwide colonists are briefly reviewed with emphasis on genetic processes. Based non a detailed review of breeding system and genetic variation patterns in Echinochloa (barnyard grass) and Eichhornia (water hyacinth), two major aquatic weeds, strong evidence is found for the effects of founder events as well as strong selective pressures during colonization. Information on the genetic structure, reproductive biology, and evolutionary dynamics in the past and present would be helpful in devising effective methods of biological control. For example, there is indirect evidence for greater success in the biological control of asexually reproducing weeds. This is clearly a largely unexplored area in population biology. ...
A beautiful skin radiance lotion in a 50ml Pump with its main active ingredient a seaweed extract of marine polyphenols from naturally grown and harvested brown algae ecklonia cava kjellman, (the Extract). This deep penetrating, moisturising lotion leaves your skin soft, supple and radiant. It can be used twice daily and/or after Iluminesse mask applications.. The seaweed used in our lotion grows naturally around parts of Tasmania and southern New Zealand. A similar species of seaweed grows in Korea and northern Japan and has been widely eaten safely there by people of both countries for over two hundred years.. HOW TO USE. Clean the area where the Extract lotion will be applied to. You can apply the Lotion once or twice a day to cracked, dry or blemished skin. The moisturising Lotion is particularly effective when used in conjunction with our Iluminesse deep cleansing Mask.. The Lotion comes in a 50ml pop up airless pump in a silver tube. Simply turn the top. The pump will rise in the centre ...
Plants annual or perennial herbs, rarely woody at the base or shrubby. Leaves alternate or basal, rarely opposite or whorled, lacking stipules, entire to deeply lobed or compound. Inflorescences terminal (except in some species of Lepidium), short to elongate racemes or panicles, or reduced to single, long-stalked flowers (in Leavenworthia). Flowers mostly actinomorphic, perfect. Calyces of 4 free or rarely united sepals. Corollas of 4 free petals, these uncommonly reduced or absent, often narrowed to stalklike bases. Stamens (2, 4)6, often the outer 2 shorter than the inner 4. Ovary 1 per flower, superior, of 2 fused carpels, usually with 2 locules. Style 1 per flower, persistent in the fruits, the stigma 1, entire or 2-lobed. Ovules 1 to numerous. Fruits uncommonly indehiscent and achenelike or more commonly 2-valved capsules that dehisce longitudinally leaving a persistent replum (the thin, placental band of tissue around the periphery of the septum, the partition between the 2 locules), ...
Pictures of brassicaceae wildflowers of West USA. All-yellow flowers of draba aurea - Porphyry Basin Trail, San Juan Mountains, Colorado. High resolution version
The Akita is named for the province of Akita in northern Japan, where he is believed to have originated. The Akitas known existence goes back to the 1600s, when the breed guarded Japanese royalty and was used for hunting fowl and large game (including bears). This valiant breed was introduced to America by a woman of no small stature: Helen Keller. The Japanese held Helen Keller in high esteem and took her to Shibuyu to show her the statue of Hachiko, an Akita who achieved worldwide fame in the 1920s for his loyalty. Hachikos owner, a professor, returned from work each day at 3 p.m., and his devoted dog met him daily at the train station. When the professor died, loyal Hachiko continued his daily vigil until his own death a full decade later. When Helen Keller expressed her desire to have an Akita for her own, she was presented with a puppy, the first Akita brought to America. Keller was delighted with Kamikaze-go and was deeply saddened when he died of distemper at a young age. Upon hearing ...
East Asians to the north of Sunda (i.e. Chinese, Japanese, Koreans, Mongolians) all have Sinodonty (dental shoveling). In general people belonging to Mongoloid groups (North Eastern Asians and, also American Indians) have the highest frequency of shoveled incisors while the rest of the world has chiseled ones. Shoveling is caused by the Ectodysplasin receptor gene (EDAR), also associated with hair thickness and the size and quantity of sweat and mammary glands. It is frequent in Asian populations and absent in Europeans, Africans, Denisovans and the Malta remains from Siberia who carry the ancestral allele. The mutation or introgression (admixed through direct contact with H. erectus) is believed to have appeared in central China >30 Kya, a late date in my opinion since it was obtained by simulations restrained by a 15 Kya date for peopling America, which is far to recent. [5]. ...
Pleistocene climatic changes affected the current distribution and genetic structure of alpine plants. Some refugial areas for the high elevation species have been proposed in the Alps, but whether...
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. (2009). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. ,em,Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society.,/em, 161(2): 105-121. 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x ...
Henriettes herbal is one of the oldest and largest herbal medicine sites on the net. Its been online since 1995, and is run by Henriette Kress, a herbalist in Helsinki, Finland.. ...
Hydroxy fatty acids (FAs) in fresh snow from Sapporo, one of the heaviest snowfall regions in the world, have been studied to ascertain the airborne bacterial endotoxin concentrations and their biomass. The presence of beta-hydroxy FAs (C-9-C-28), constituents of the Gram-negative bacterium (GNB), suggests long-range transport of soil microbes. Likewise, the occurrence of alpha- and omega-hydroxy FAs (C-9-C-30 and C-9-C-28, respectively) in snow reveals their contribution from epicuticular waxes and soil microorganisms. Estimated endotoxin and GNB mass can aid in assessing their possible impacts on the diversity and functioning of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, as well as lethal effects on pedestrians through dispersal of microbes. Air mass back trajectories together with hydroxy FAs reveal their sources from Siberia, the Russian Far East and northern China by the Asian monsoon. This study highlights the role of fresh snow that reduces the human health risk of GNB and endotoxin by the ...
The results of our study provided an additional support for the existence of limited maternal gene flow between eastern Asia/southern Siberia and eastern Europe revealed by analysis of modern and ancient mtDNAs previously [12], [37], [39], [48], [42], [58], [59]. Two more mtDNA subclusters which may be indicative of eastern Asian influx into gene pool of eastern Europeans have been revealed within haplogroups M10 and N9a. The presence of N9a3a subcluster only in eastern European populations may indicate that it could arose there after the arrival of founder mtDNA from eastern Asia about 8-13 kya. It is noteworthy that another eastern Asian specific lineage, C5c1, revealed exclusively in some European populations (Poles, Belorussians, Romanians), shows evolutionary ages within frames of 6.6-11.8 kya depending on the mutation rates values [12]. In addition, recent molecular-genetic study of the Neolithic skeletons from archaeological sites in the Alföld (Hungary) has demonstrated high frequency ...
The planktonic larval instars (zoea I, II, megalopa) of the spider crab Hyas araneus (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) were reared under constant conditions (12°C) in the laboratory. Rates of feeding (F), growth (G), respiration (R), and ammonia excretion (U) were measured in short intervals of time, and their changes during larval development were expressed as functions of age within each moult cycle. Energy values were calculated from uptake and accumulation of carbon, and from oxygen consumption and nitrogen loss, respectively. The regression equations describing temporal changes in these parameters were inserted in a simulation model, so that age-related variation patterns in the uptake and partitioning of nutritional energy could be analysed in relation to developmental processes such as the course of each larval moult cycle. The energetic traits of the two zoeal instars are much alike, whereas the megalopa reveals quite different characteristics. The time of maximum F shifts from the ...
Japan observed a moment of silence on March 11 to remember the nearly 19,000 people who died in the massive earthquake and tsunami that struck two years ago. At a memorial service attended by Emperor Akihito and Empress Michiko, attendees stood in silence at 2:46 p.m., the precise moment the 9.0-magnitude quake struck off northern Japan. The earthquake was the strongest recorded in Japans history and unleashed a towering wave that wiped out entire communities. (AP) ...
There seems to be a lot of confusion about Iris setosa and hookeri. They are related and have similarly shaped flowers and occur right across the sub-arctic from Newfoundland through Canada and Alaska across to eastern Siberia and northern Japan. As I understand it the shorter alpine forms, mainly from Canada, have been known as hookeri, while the taller Asiatic forms are known as setosa, but in fact they may in fact just be distinct forms of one variable and widely distributed species ...
ROCKS WITH ALPINE PLANTS, MOUNTAIN TREES, GENTIANA & ASPLENIUM. THE ALPINE GARDEN SOCIETYS MAGIC OF THE MOUNTAINS DESIGNED BY M. UPWARD/R. MERCER. CHELSEA 2000
The arid heart of Central Otago can look empty of life, but this video shows that if you look closer, you can find tiny alpine plants and flowers and maybe even the elusive Cromwell chafer beetle.
As residents in Japan prepare for Tropical Storm Lionrock today, scientists at NOAA and the University of Washingtons Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean (JISAO) study the behavior of the storm. Lionrock is expected to make landfall across northern Japan, affecting many highly populated areas, including Fukushima and other areas impacted by the 2011 tsunami.. With funding awarded for research after Super Storm Sandy caused massive damage to the east coast of the US, NOAA and JISAO scientists aim to improve storm track models to better predict where storms will go, and how powerful they might become. To achieve this, they are using data from the NOAA Kuroshio Extension Observatory (KEO), along with model simulations performed at NOAAs Environmental Modeling Center. KEO is a moored buoy, located off the coast of Japan, where it is frequently in the path of storms and tropical cyclones. When Lionrock passed over KEO on Monday, wind gusts were recorded at over 81mph, and ...
ABSTRACT: We examined the possibility that dinoflagellates belonging to genus Dinophysis acquire plastids from certain species of cryptophytes. We measured the abundance of cryptophytes over a 3 yr period in Okkirai Bay, northern Japan by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), using an oligonucleotide probe that specifically binds to the Dinophysis plastid small subunit ribosomal RNA. A high density of FISH-probed cryptophytes always occurred prior to peak occurrences of D. fortii, although the density of FISH-probed cryptophytes did not correlate well with the density of D. fortii. Although further investigation is needed, monitoring of these cryptophyte species may be useful for predicting Dinophysis growth and subsequent outbreaks of diarrheic shellfish poisoning. ...

Cardamine hirsuta bittercressCardamine hirsuta bittercress

Common name: This weed has a tremendous variety of common names, most relating to the way seed propel from the silique (seed pods). The most used common name is bittercress, others include: pepperweed, shotweed, snapweed, ad infinitum. Snapweed is the name of choice in British Columbia ...
more infohttp://oregonstate.edu/dept/nursery-weeds/weedspeciespage/bittercress/bittercress_page.html

Cardamine impatiens in Flora of China @ efloras.orgCardamine impatiens in Flora of China @ efloras.org

Cardamine impatiens Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 655. 1753. 弹裂碎米荠 tan lie sui mi ji Cardamine basisagittata W. T. Wang; C. dasycarpa ... The division of Cardamine impatiens into infraspecific taxa based on the size, shape, margin, and indumentum of leaf lobes is ...
more infohttp://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200009318

UC/JEPS: Jepson Manual treatment for CARDAMINE nuttallii var. covilleanaUC/JEPS: Jepson Manual treatment for CARDAMINE nuttallii var. covilleana

CARDAMINE. BITTER-CRESS, TOOTHWORT. Annual, biennial, perennial herb, from taproots, fibrous roots, or tuber-like rhizomes; ... Retrieve dichotomous key for Cardamine Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map Show other ... Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Cardamine nuttallii var. covilleana ...
more infohttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?2240,2342,2356,2357

Cardamine oligosperma in Flora of North America @ efloras.orgCardamine oligosperma in Flora of North America @ efloras.org

Cardamine oligosperma Nuttall in J. Torrey and A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 85. 1838. Cardamine acuminata (Nuttall) Rydberg; C. ...
more infohttp://efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=250094589

The genetic basis for differences in leaf form between Arabidopsis thaliana and its wild relative Cardamine hirsuta. - Oxford...The genetic basis for differences in leaf form between Arabidopsis thaliana and its wild relative Cardamine hirsuta. - Oxford...

Arabidopsis thaliana and Cardamine hirsuta. We report that in C. hirsuta, class I KNOTTED1-like homeobox (KNOX) proteins are ... The genetic basis for differences in leaf form between Arabidopsis thaliana and its wild relative Cardamine hirsuta. ... The genetic basis for differences in leaf form between Arabidopsis thaliana and its wild relative Cardamine hirsuta. ... Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis Proteins, Biological Evolution, Cardamine, Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental, Gene Expression ...
more infohttps://www.neuroscience.ox.ac.uk/publications/47010

Tame Past Present Future: The River Tames Natural HistoryTame Past Present Future: The River Tame's Natural History

thalictrum flavum (meadow rue) : arabis perfoliata (tower mustard) : cardamine amara (large bittercress) : cardamine impatiens ...
more infohttp://tameppf.blogspot.com/2014/07/would-you-like-to-help-researchthe.html

Cardamine impatiens - WikispeciesCardamine impatiens - Wikispecies

Cardamine impatiens. Published online. Accessed May 28 2019.. *The Plant List 2013. Cardamine impatiens in The Plant List ... Cardamine impatiens in BrassiBase Tools and biological resources to study characters and traits in the Brassicaceae. Published ... USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Cardamine impatiens in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), ... Cardamine impatiens . Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 28. ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Cardamine_impatiens

Cardamine californica - WikispeciesCardamine californica - Wikispecies

Cardamine californica. Published online. Accessed May 27 2019.. *The Plant List 2013. Cardamine californica in The Plant List ... Cardamine californica in BrassiBase Tools and biological resources to study characters and traits in the Brassicaceae. ... Cardamine californica . Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 May 27. ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cardamine_californica&oldid=5818257" ...
more infohttps://species.wikimedia.org/wiki/Cardamine_californica

Plants Profile for Cardamine (bittercress)Plants Profile for Cardamine (bittercress)

The Plants Database includes the following 41 species of Cardamine . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species ...
more infohttps://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CARDA

Plants Profile for Cardamine douglassii (limestone bittercress)Plants Profile for Cardamine douglassii (limestone bittercress)

click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Cardamine thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ...
more infohttps://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CADO

Cardamine - WikipediaCardamine - Wikipedia

... wavy bittercress Cardamine gambellii Cardamine glacialis Cardamine gouldii Cardamine gunnii Cardamine gunnii-lilacina Cardamine ... mountain watercress Cardamine rupicola - cliff bittercress Cardamine scutata Cardamine seidlitziana Cardamine tenera Cardamine ... Korean bittercress Cardamine lihengiana Cardamine lilacina Cardamine lojanensis Cardamine longii - Longs bittercress Cardamine ... Cardamine africana Cardamine amara - large bittercress Cardamine amporitana Cardamine angulata - seaside bittercress, angled ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardamine

Cardamine pratensis - The Full WikiCardamine pratensis - The Full Wiki

Cardamine pratensis. L.. Cardamine pratensis (Cuckoo Flower or Ladys Smock), is a flowering plant in the family Brassicaceae, ... Categories: Cardamine , Medicinal plants , Flora of Portugal , Flora of China , Flora of Japan , Flora of Korea , Flora of ...
more infohttp://www.thefullwiki.org/Cardamine_pratensis

Cardamine bulbosa - WikipediaCardamine bulbosa - Wikipedia

Cardamine bulbosa, commonly called bulbous bittercress, is a perennial plant in the mustard family. It is native to a ... Cardamine bulbosa (Schreb. ex Muhl.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. The Plant List "Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States ... ". "Cardamine bulbosa". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardamine_bulbosa

UC/JEPS: Jepson Manual treatment for CARDAMINE angulataUC/JEPS: Jepson Manual treatment for CARDAMINE angulata

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Cardamine angulata Retrieve dichotomous key for Cardamine Overlay ... CARDAMINE. BITTER-CRESS, TOOTHWORT. Annual, biennial, perennial herb, from taproots, fibrous roots, or tuber-like rhizomes; ...
more infohttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_JM_treatment.pl?2240,2342,2343

SEINet Portal Network - Cardamine cordifoliaSEINet Portal Network - Cardamine cordifolia

Cardamine cordifolia var. cordifolia, more, Cardamine cordifolia var. diversifolia O.E.Schulz, Cardamine cordifolia var. incana ... lyallii (S. Watson) A. Nelson & J.F. Macbr., Cardamine cordifolia var. pubescens A.Gray, Cardamine lyallii S. Watson, Cardamine ... Cardamine cordifolia is highly variable in leaf morphology, especially in leaf width, depth of the cordate base, and indumentum ... Cardamine cordifolia is a host plant for the mustard white butterfly. Editor: Springer et al. 2008 ...
more infohttp://swbiodiversity.org/seinet/taxa/index.php?taxauthid=1&taxon=2171&clid=2587

Finger-Springklap (Cardamine pentaphyllos) Biopix foto 68493Finger-Springklap (Cardamine pentaphyllos) Biopix foto 68493

Cardamine pentaphyllos), Familie: Brassicaceae. Lokalitet Botanisk Have Århus. Fotograf: JC Schou, Photoid 68493 ... Cardamine. Lokalitet. Botanisk Have Århus Størrelse. 4288x2848 Note. Finger-Springklap (Cardamine pentaphyllos). Cardamine ...
more infohttp://www.biopix.dk/finger-springklap-cardamine-pentaphyllos_photo-68493.aspx

Cardamine macrophylla in Chinese Plant Names @ efloras.orgCardamine macrophylla in Chinese Plant Names @ efloras.org

Cardamine macrophylla Willd. 大叶碎米荠 Description from Flora of China. Cardamine macrophylla var. crenata Trautvetter; C. ... Cardamine macrophylla is used medicinally, and the young parts are eaten as a vegetable.. Damp forests, river banks, tundra, ... Syntypes of Cardamine urbaniana represent robust plants with thick rhizomes and very large leaves. Schulz (Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 32 ... Cardamine urbaniana is here lectotypfied on Henry 5635 (lectotype, GH; isolectotypes, G, K, US). The isolectotype at K has ...
more infohttp://efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=3&taxon_id=200009328

Cardamine pratensis in Flora of China @ efloras.orgCardamine pratensis in Flora of China @ efloras.org

Cardamine pratensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 656. 1753. 草甸碎米荠 cao dian sui mi ji Herbs perennial, (8-)15-55(-80) cm tall, glabrous ...
more infohttp://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200009336

Cardamine dentata 
(white cuckoo bitter-cress):
            Go BotanyCardamine dentata (white cuckoo bitter-cress): Go Botany

4. Cardamine dentata Schult. NC white cuckoo bitter-cress. Cardamine palustris (Wimmer & Grab.) Peterm.; C. pratensis L. ssp. ... Cardamine pratensis:. primary veins of terminal leaflet of basal leaves terminating in a +/- triangular, callus tip that is ...
more infohttps://gobotany.newenglandwild.org/species/cardamine/dentata/

Cardamine quinquefolia | Five-leaf Black Sea Toothwort for sale $16.00 | Plant Delights NurseryCardamine quinquefolia | Five-leaf Black Sea Toothwort for sale $16.00 | Plant Delights Nursery

Cardamine quinquefolia aka Five-leaf Black Sea Toothwort. Grows in Part Sun to Light Shade. Flower Color is Pink, Purple/ ... In our garden, Cardamine quinquefolia has formed a stunning 3 wide patch in four years. The deeply lobed fresh green foliage ... aka: Dentaria quinquefolia) Cardamine quinquefolia is a lovely spring ephemeral groundcover that can be found growing wild in ... By the onset of heat, Cardamine quinquefolia has gone to bed for the summer, as other perennials emerge to take its place... ...
more infohttps://www.plantdelights.com/collections/tonys-favorite-perennials/products/cardamine-quinquefolia

Expresión del gen PttKN1 utilizando el método de inmersión floral en Cardamine hirsutaExpresión del gen PttKN1 utilizando el método de inmersión floral en Cardamine hirsuta

Keywords: Cardamine hirsuta; PttKN1 gene; Floral dip.. Resumen. Se aisló el gen PttKN1 (Populus tremula × P. tremuloides ... Cardamine hirsuta is an annual plant native to Europe and Asia. The plant, with compound leaves, is a small crucifer related to ... Plant material. Cardamine hirsuta plants with three to four true leaves were collected from the experimental field of Lanzhou ... Plant transformation, screening and observation. Cardamine hirsuta plants were transformed using the floral dip method as ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.org.ar/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1851-56572015000200015

The association among herbivory tolerance, ploidy level, and herbivory pressure in Cardamine pratensisThe association among herbivory tolerance, ploidy level, and herbivory pressure in Cardamine pratensis

... Boalt, Elin Södertörn ... We conducted a common garden experiment with 12 populations of two ploidy levels of the perennial herb Cardamine pratensis ( ... herbivory, tolerance, methodology, Raphanus raphanistrum, Cardamine pratensis, folivory, apex removal, plant competition, ... are conducted as a literature review and three experiments on two cruciferous species Raphanus raphanistrum and Cardamine ...
more infohttp://sh.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2:395514

Cardamine pratensis Cuckoo flower Spinks Spring cress Mayflower Meadow bittercress Meadow cress Cuckoo buds Cuckoo spit Ladys...Cardamine pratensis Cuckoo flower Spinks Spring cress Mayflower Meadow bittercress Meadow cress Cuckoo buds Cuckoo spit Lady's...

Find help and information on Cardamine pratensis Cuckoo flower Spinks Spring cress Mayflower Meadow bittercress Meadow cress ... Cardamine Cardamine Species. C. pratensis - C. pratensis has rounded leaflets, with erect leafy stems bearing short open ... Cardamine Cardamine. Species. C. pratensis - C. pratensis has rounded leaflets, with erect leafy stems bearing short open ... Cardamine pratensis (Cuckoo flower) will reach a height of 0.5m and a spread of 0.5m after 2-5 years. ...
more infohttps://www.shootgardening.co.uk/plant/cardamine-pratensis

Cardamine maxima 
(large toothwort):
            Go BotanyCardamine maxima (large toothwort): Go Botany

Cardamine maxima (Nutt.) Wood N. large toothwort. Dentaria maxima Nutt. • CT, MA, ME, NH, VT. Rich, mesic, upland and riparian ... Cardamine incisa:. cilia on leaf margin mostly 0.1 mm long and ascending to appressed (vs. C. maxima, with cilia on leaf margin ... Cardamine concatenata:. stem above the leaves usually pubescent, leaves usually arranged in a single whorl of 3, and rhizome ...
more infohttps://gobotany.newenglandwild.org/species/cardamine/maxima/

Cardamine - WikipediaCardamine - Wikipedia

An Cardamine[1] in uska genus han Magnoliopsida. An Cardamine in nahilalakip ha familia nga Brassicaceae.[1] ... Cardamine yunnanensis. Mga kasarigan[igliwat , Igliwat an wikitext]. *↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Roskov Y., Kunze T., Orrell T., Abucay L., ... An Wikimedia Commons mayda media nga nahahanungod han: Cardamine An Wikispecies in may-ada impormasyon nga may pagkahisumpay ha ... Ginkuha tikang ha "https://war.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cardamine&oldid=6205267" ...
more infohttps://war.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardamine
  • aka: Dentaria quinquefolia) Cardamine quinquefolia is a lovely spring ephemeral groundcover that can be found growing wild in slightly moist beech/oak forests around the Black Sea, stretching from Romania to Iran. (plantdelights.com)
  • Cardamine cordifolia is highly variable in leaf morphology, especially in leaf width, depth of the cordate base, and indumentum. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • Syntypes of Cardamine urbaniana represent robust plants with thick rhizomes and very large leaves. (efloras.org)
  • The name cardamine is derived from the Greek kardamon, cardamom - an unrelated plant in the ginger family, used as a pungent spice in cooking. (wikipedia.org)
  • A.Gray, Cardamine lyallii S. Watson, Cardamine uintahensis F.J. Herm. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • 29. Cardamine oligosperma Nuttall in J. Torrey and A. Gray, Fl. (efloras.org)