A malignant neoplasm made up of epithelial cells tending to infiltrate the surrounding tissues and give rise to metastases. It is a histological type of neoplasm but is often wrongly used as a synonym for "cancer." (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A carcinoma derived from stratified SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS. It may also occur in sites where glandular or columnar epithelium is normally present. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
A primary malignant neoplasm of epithelial liver cells. It ranges from a well-differentiated tumor with EPITHELIAL CELLS indistinguishable from normal HEPATOCYTES to a poorly differentiated neoplasm. The cells may be uniform or markedly pleomorphic, or form GIANT CELLS. Several classification schemes have been suggested.
A lesion with cytological characteristics associated with invasive carcinoma but the tumor cells are confined to the epithelium of origin, without invasion of the basement membrane.
A malignant neoplasm characterized by the formation of numerous, irregular, finger-like projections of fibrous stroma that is covered with a surface layer of neoplastic epithelial cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.
An invasive (infiltrating) CARCINOMA of the mammary ductal system (MAMMARY GLANDS) in the human BREAST.
A malignant skin neoplasm that seldom metastasizes but has potentialities for local invasion and destruction. Clinically it is divided into types: nodular, cicatricial, morphaic, and erythematoid (pagetoid). They develop on hair-bearing skin, most commonly on sun-exposed areas. Approximately 85% are found on the head and neck area and the remaining 15% on the trunk and limbs. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1471)
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
A malignant neoplasm derived from TRANSITIONAL EPITHELIAL CELLS, occurring chiefly in the URINARY BLADDER; URETERS; or RENAL PELVIS.
Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.
A noninvasive (noninfiltrating) carcinoma of the breast characterized by a proliferation of malignant epithelial cells confined to the mammary ducts or lobules, without light-microscopy evidence of invasion through the basement membrane into the surrounding stroma.
Carcinoma characterized by bands or cylinders of hyalinized or mucinous stroma separating or surrounded by nests or cords of small epithelial cells. When the cylinders occur within masses of epithelial cells, they give the tissue a perforated, sievelike, or cribriform appearance. Such tumors occur in the mammary glands, the mucous glands of the upper and lower respiratory tract, and the salivary glands. They are malignant but slow-growing, and tend to spread locally via the nerves. (Dorland, 27th ed)
An anaplastic, highly malignant, and usually bronchogenic carcinoma composed of small ovoid cells with scanty neoplasm. It is characterized by a dominant, deeply basophilic nucleus, and absent or indistinct nucleoli. (From Stedman, 25th ed; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1286-7)
Molecular products metabolized and secreted by neoplastic tissue and characterized biochemically in cells or body fluids. They are indicators of tumor stage and grade as well as useful for monitoring responses to treatment and predicting recurrence. Many chemical groups are represented including hormones, antigens, amino and nucleic acids, enzymes, polyamines, and specific cell membrane proteins and lipids.
A carcinoma composed mainly of epithelial elements with little or no stroma. Medullary carcinomas of the breast constitute 5%-7% of all mammary carcinomas; medullary carcinomas of the thyroid comprise 3%-10% of all thyroid malignancies. (From Dorland, 27th ed; DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1141; Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A malignant epithelial tumor with a glandular organization.
A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)
A group of carcinomas which share a characteristic morphology, often being composed of clusters and trabecular sheets of round "blue cells", granular chromatin, and an attenuated rim of poorly demarcated cytoplasm. Neuroendocrine tumors include carcinoids, small ("oat") cell carcinomas, medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, Merkel cell tumor, cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma, pancreatic islet cell tumors, and pheochromocytoma. Neurosecretory granules are found within the tumor cells. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Ability of neoplasms to infiltrate and actively destroy surrounding tissue.
Tumors or cancer of the NASOPHARYNX.
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Tumors or cancer of the THYROID GLAND.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the extent of the neoplasm in the patient.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in neoplastic tissue.
Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
A tumor of both low- and high-grade malignancy. The low-grade grow slowly, appear in any age group, and are readily cured by excision. The high-grade behave aggressively, widely infiltrate the salivary gland and produce lymph node and distant metastases. Mucoepidermoid carcinomas account for about 21% of the malignant tumors of the parotid gland and 10% of the sublingual gland. They are the most common malignant tumor of the parotid. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p575; Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1240)
A mixed adenocarcinoma and squamous cell or epidermoid carcinoma.
An adenocarcinoma characterized by the presence of cells resembling the glandular cells of the ENDOMETRIUM. It is a common histological type of ovarian CARCINOMA and ENDOMETRIAL CARCINOMA. There is a high frequency of co-occurrence of this form of adenocarcinoma in both tissues.
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
A highly malignant, primitive form of carcinoma, probably of germinal cell or teratomatous derivation, usually arising in a gonad and rarely in other sites. It is rare in the female ovary, but in the male it accounts for 20% of all testicular tumors. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1595)
Tumors or cancer of the ESOPHAGUS.
Tumors or cancer of the MOUTH.
A carcinoma arising from MERKEL CELLS located in the basal layer of the epidermis and occurring most commonly as a primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. Merkel cells are tactile cells of neuroectodermal origin and histologically show neurosecretory granules. The skin of the head and neck are a common site of Merkel cell carcinoma, occurring generally in elderly patients. (Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1245)
Malignant neoplasms involving the ductal systems of any of a number of organs, such as the MAMMARY GLANDS, the PANCREAS, the PROSTATE, or the LACRIMAL GLAND.
Transfer of a neoplasm from its primary site to lymph nodes or to distant parts of the body by way of the lymphatic system.
Tumors or cancer of the OVARY. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. They are classified according to the tissue of origin, such as the surface EPITHELIUM, the stromal endocrine cells, and the totipotent GERM CELLS.
A malignant neoplasm of the ADRENAL CORTEX. Adrenocortical carcinomas are unencapsulated anaplastic (ANAPLASIA) masses sometimes exceeding 20 cm or 200 g. They are more likely to be functional than nonfunctional, and produce ADRENAL CORTEX HORMONES that may result in hypercortisolism (CUSHING SYNDROME); HYPERALDOSTERONISM; and/or VIRILISM.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON.
A variant of well-differentiated epidermoid carcinoma that is most common in the oral cavity, but also occurs in the larynx, nasal cavity, esophagus, penis, anorectal region, vulva, vagina, uterine cervix, and skin, especially on the sole of the foot. Most intraoral cases occur in elderly male abusers of smokeless tobacco. The treatment is surgical resection. Radiotherapy is not indicated, as up to 30% treated with radiation become highly aggressive within six months. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma in which the nucleus is pressed to one side by a cytoplasmic droplet of mucus. It usually arises in the gastrointestinal system.
The transfer of a neoplasm from one organ or part of the body to another remote from the primary site.
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY BLADDER.
Tumors or cancer of the STOMACH.
Proteins whose abnormal expression (gain or loss) are associated with the development, growth, or progression of NEOPLASMS. Some neoplasm proteins are tumor antigens (ANTIGENS, NEOPLASM), i.e. they induce an immune reaction to their tumor. Many neoplasm proteins have been characterized and are used as tumor markers (BIOMARKERS, TUMOR) when they are detectable in cells and body fluids as monitors for the presence or growth of tumors. Abnormal expression of ONCOGENE PROTEINS is involved in neoplastic transformation, whereas the loss of expression of TUMOR SUPPRESSOR PROTEINS is involved with the loss of growth control and progression of the neoplasm.
Tumors or cancer of the SKIN.
The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.
Mutant mice homozygous for the recessive gene "nude" which fail to develop a thymus. They are useful in tumor studies and studies on immune responses.
A tumor of undifferentiated (anaplastic) cells of large size. It is usually bronchogenic. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
DNA present in neoplastic tissue.
Substances that inhibit or prevent the proliferation of NEOPLASMS.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.
Immunologic techniques based on the use of: (1) enzyme-antibody conjugates; (2) enzyme-antigen conjugates; (3) antienzyme antibody followed by its homologous enzyme; or (4) enzyme-antienzyme complexes. These are used histologically for visualizing or labeling tissue specimens.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Experimental transplantation of neoplasms in laboratory animals for research purposes.
Two or more abnormal growths of tissue occurring simultaneously and presumed to be of separate origin. The neoplasms may be histologically the same or different, and may be found in the same or different sites.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
An adenocarcinoma of the thyroid gland, in which the cells are arranged in the form of follicles. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
An adenocarcinoma producing mucin in significant amounts. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Proteins, glycoprotein, or lipoprotein moieties on surfaces of tumor cells that are usually identified by monoclonal antibodies. Many of these are of either embryonic or viral origin.
The malignant stem cells of TERATOCARCINOMAS, which resemble pluripotent stem cells of the BLASTOCYST INNER CELL MASS. The EC cells can be grown in vitro, and experimentally induced to differentiate. They are used as a model system for studying early embryonic cell differentiation.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
Pathological processes that tend eventually to become malignant. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A thyroid neoplasm of mixed papillary and follicular arrangement. Its biological behavior and prognosis is the same as that of a papillary adenocarcinoma of the thyroid. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1271)
Tumors or cancer of the gallbladder.
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.
Tumors or cancer of ENDOMETRIUM, the mucous lining of the UTERUS. These neoplasms can be benign or malignant. Their classification and grading are based on the various cell types and the percent of undifferentiated cells.
An adenocarcinoma characterized by the presence of varying combinations of clear and hobnail-shaped tumor cells. There are three predominant patterns described as tubulocystic, solid, and papillary. These tumors, usually located in the female reproductive organs, have been seen more frequently in young women since 1970 as a result of the association with intrauterine exposure to diethylstilbestrol. (From Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed)
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.
All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.
The first alpha-globulins to appear in mammalian sera during FETAL DEVELOPMENT and the dominant serum proteins in early embryonic life.
Tumors or cancer of the TONGUE.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).
A malignant cystic or semicystic neoplasm. It often occurs in the ovary and usually bilaterally. The external surface is usually covered with papillary excrescences. Microscopically, the papillary patterns are predominantly epithelial overgrowths with differentiated and undifferentiated papillary serous cystadenocarcinoma cells. Psammoma bodies may be present. The tumor generally adheres to surrounding structures and produces ascites. (From Hughes, Obstetric-Gynecologic Terminology, 1972, p185)
A carcinoma discovered by Dr. Margaret R. Lewis of the Wistar Institute in 1951. This tumor originated spontaneously as a carcinoma of the lung of a C57BL mouse. The tumor does not appear to be grossly hemorrhagic and the majority of the tumor tissue is a semifirm homogeneous mass. (From Cancer Chemother Rep 2 1972 Nov;(3)1:325) It is also called 3LL and LLC and is used as a transplantable malignancy.
The treatment of a disease or condition by several different means simultaneously or sequentially. Chemoimmunotherapy, RADIOIMMUNOTHERAPY, chemoradiotherapy, cryochemotherapy, and SALVAGE THERAPY are seen most frequently, but their combinations with each other and surgery are also used.
Tumors or cancer of the BRONCHI.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
Tumors or cancer of the SALIVARY GLANDS.
The simultaneous analysis of multiple samples of TISSUES or CELLS from BIOPSY or in vitro culture that have been arranged in an array format on slides or microchips.
Period after successful treatment in which there is no appearance of the symptoms or effects of the disease.
A class of fibrous proteins or scleroproteins that represents the principal constituent of EPIDERMIS; HAIR; NAILS; horny tissues, and the organic matrix of tooth ENAMEL. Two major conformational groups have been characterized, alpha-keratin, whose peptide backbone forms a coiled-coil alpha helical structure consisting of TYPE I KERATIN and a TYPE II KERATIN, and beta-keratin, whose backbone forms a zigzag or pleated sheet structure. alpha-Keratins have been classified into at least 20 subtypes. In addition multiple isoforms of subtypes have been found which may be due to GENE DUPLICATION.
An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
RNA present in neoplastic tissue.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Cell changes manifested by escape from control mechanisms, increased growth potential, alterations in the cell surface, karyotypic abnormalities, morphological and biochemical deviations from the norm, and other attributes conferring the ability to invade, metastasize, and kill.
Transplantation between animals of different species.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.
A CELL CYCLE and tumor growth marker which can be readily detected using IMMUNOCYTOCHEMISTRY methods. Ki-67 is a nuclear antigen present only in the nuclei of cycling cells.
Tumor suppressor genes located on the short arm of human chromosome 17 and coding for the phosphoprotein p53.
An adenocarcinoma containing finger-like processes of vascular connective tissue covered by neoplastic epithelium, projecting into cysts or the cavity of glands or follicles. It occurs most frequently in the ovary and thyroid gland. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Administration of antineoplastic agents together with an embolizing vehicle. This allows slow release of the agent as well as obstruction of the blood supply to the neoplasm.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The loss of one allele at a specific locus, caused by a deletion mutation; or loss of a chromosome from a chromosome pair, resulting in abnormal HEMIZYGOSITY. It is detected when heterozygous markers for a locus appear monomorphic because one of the ALLELES was deleted.
Experimentally induced mammary neoplasms in animals to provide a model for studying human BREAST NEOPLASMS.
A nonparametric method of compiling LIFE TABLES or survival tables. It combines calculated probabilities of survival and estimates to allow for observations occurring beyond a measurement threshold, which are assumed to occur randomly. Time intervals are defined as ending each time an event occurs and are therefore unequal. (From Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1995)
A pathologic process consisting of the proliferation of blood vessels in abnormal tissues or in abnormal positions.
A skin carcinoma that histologically exhibits both basal and squamous elements. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A cell surface protein-tyrosine kinase receptor that is overexpressed in a variety of ADENOCARCINOMAS. It has extensive homology to and heterodimerizes with the EGF RECEPTOR, the ERBB-3 RECEPTOR, and the ERBB-4 RECEPTOR. Activation of the erbB-2 receptor occurs through heterodimer formation with a ligand-bound erbB receptor family member.
Surgical removal of the thyroid gland. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A glycoprotein that is secreted into the luminal surface of the epithelia in the gastrointestinal tract. It is found in the feces and pancreaticobiliary secretions and is used to monitor the response to colon cancer treatment.
The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.
Genes that inhibit expression of the tumorigenic phenotype. They are normally involved in holding cellular growth in check. When tumor suppressor genes are inactivated or lost, a barrier to normal proliferation is removed and unregulated growth is possible.
Experimentally induced new abnormal growth of TISSUES in animals to provide models for studying human neoplasms.
In humans, one of the paired regions in the anterior portion of the THORAX. The breasts consist of the MAMMARY GLANDS, the SKIN, the MUSCLES, the ADIPOSE TISSUE, and the CONNECTIVE TISSUES.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Calcium-dependent cell adhesion proteins. They are important in the formation of ADHERENS JUNCTIONS between cells. Cadherins are classified by their distinct immunological and tissue specificities, either by letters (E- for epithelial, N- for neural, and P- for placental cadherins) or by numbers (cadherin-12 or N-cadherin 2 for brain-cadherin). Cadherins promote cell adhesion via a homophilic mechanism as in the construction of tissues and of the whole animal body.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A family of small, non-enveloped DNA viruses infecting birds and most mammals, especially humans. They are grouped into multiple genera, but the viruses are highly host-species specific and tissue-restricted. They are commonly divided into hundreds of papillomavirus "types", each with specific gene function and gene control regions, despite sequence homology. Human papillomaviruses are found in the genera ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; BETAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; GAMMAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; and MUPAPILLOMAVIRUS.
Tumors or cancer of the RECTUM.
A carcinoma thought to be derived from epithelium of terminal bronchioles, in which the neoplastic tissue extends along the alveolar walls and grows in small masses within the alveoli. Involvement may be uniformly diffuse and massive, or nodular, or lobular. The neoplastic cells are cuboidal or columnar and form papillary structures. Mucin may be demonstrated in some of the cells and in the material in the alveoli, which also includes denuded cells. Metastases in regional lymph nodes, and in even more distant sites, are known to occur, but are infrequent. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Proteins that are normally involved in holding cellular growth in check. Deficiencies or abnormalities in these proteins may lead to unregulated cell growth and tumor development.
Experimentally induced tumors of the LIVER.
Carcinoma that arises from the PANCREATIC DUCTS. It accounts for the majority of cancers derived from the PANCREAS.
Liver disease in which the normal microcirculation, the gross vascular anatomy, and the hepatic architecture have been variably destroyed and altered with fibrous septa surrounding regenerated or regenerating parenchymal nodules.
Tumors or cancers of the ADRENAL CORTEX.
The epithelial lining of the URINARY TRACT.
Tumors or cancer of the VULVA.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.
Tumors or cancer of the OROPHARYNX.
A cell surface receptor involved in regulation of cell growth and differentiation. It is specific for EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR and EGF-related peptides including TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR ALPHA; AMPHIREGULIN; and HEPARIN-BINDING EGF-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR. The binding of ligand to the receptor causes activation of its intrinsic tyrosine kinase activity and rapid internalization of the receptor-ligand complex into the cell.
The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The total amount (cell number, weight, size or volume) of tumor cells or tissue in the body.
A pyrimidine analog that is an antineoplastic antimetabolite. It interferes with DNA synthesis by blocking the THYMIDYLATE SYNTHETASE conversion of deoxyuridylic acid to thymidylic acid.
A negative regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.
An increase in the number of cells in a tissue or organ without tumor formation. It differs from HYPERTROPHY, which is an increase in bulk without an increase in the number of cells.
Cytoplasmic proteins that bind estrogens and migrate to the nucleus where they regulate DNA transcription. Evaluation of the state of estrogen receptors in breast cancer patients has become clinically important.
Compounds that include the amino-N-phenylamide structure.
In vivo methods of screening investigative anticancer drugs, biologic response modifiers or radiotherapies. Human tumor tissue or cells are transplanted into mice or rats followed by tumor treatment regimens. A variety of outcomes are monitored to assess antitumor effectiveness.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Methods which attempt to express in replicable terms the level of CELL DIFFERENTIATION in neoplasms as increasing ANAPLASIA correlates with the aggressiveness of the neoplasm.
Tumors or cancer of the BILE DUCTS.
An epithelial neoplasm characterized by unusually large anaplastic cells. It is highly malignant with fulminant clinical course, bizarre histologic appearance and poor prognosis. It is most common in the lung and thyroid. (From Stedman, 25th ed & Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
Tumors or cancer of the URINARY TRACT in either the male or the female.
An important compound functioning as a component of the coenzyme NAD. Its primary significance is in the prevention and/or cure of blacktongue and PELLAGRA. Most animals cannot manufacture this compound in amounts sufficient to prevent nutritional deficiency and it therefore must be supplemented through dietary intake.
A selective increase in the number of copies of a gene coding for a specific protein without a proportional increase in other genes. It occurs naturally via the excision of a copy of the repeating sequence from the chromosome and its extrachromosomal replication in a plasmid, or via the production of an RNA transcript of the entire repeating sequence of ribosomal RNA followed by the reverse transcription of the molecule to produce an additional copy of the original DNA sequence. Laboratory techniques have been introduced for inducing disproportional replication by unequal crossing over, uptake of DNA from lysed cells, or generation of extrachromosomal sequences from rolling circle replication.
A circumscribed benign epithelial tumor projecting from the surrounding surface; more precisely, a benign epithelial neoplasm consisting of villous or arborescent outgrowths of fibrovascular stroma covered by neoplastic cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
A type II keratin found associated with KERATIN-19 in ductal epithelia and gastrointestinal epithelia.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
A type of IN SITU HYBRIDIZATION in which target sequences are stained with fluorescent dye so their location and size can be determined using fluorescence microscopy. This staining is sufficiently distinct that the hybridization signal can be seen both in metaphase spreads and in interphase nuclei.
Organic salts and esters of benzenesulfonic acid.
Cancer or tumors of the URETER which may cause obstruction leading to hydroureter, HYDRONEPHROSIS, and PYELONEPHRITIS. HEMATURIA is a common symptom.
They are oval or bean shaped bodies (1 - 30 mm in diameter) located along the lymphatic system.
Biochemical identification of mutational changes in a nucleotide sequence.
Excision of all or part of the liver. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A positive regulatory effect on physiological processes at the molecular, cellular, or systemic level. At the molecular level, the major regulatory sites include membrane receptors, genes (GENE EXPRESSION REGULATION), mRNAs (RNA, MESSENGER), and proteins.
The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.
Excision of kidney.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Products of proto-oncogenes. Normally they do not have oncogenic or transforming properties, but are involved in the regulation or differentiation of cell growth. They often have protein kinase activity.
DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.
A usually benign glandular tumor composed of oxyphil cells, large cells with small irregular nuclei and dense acidophilic granules due to the presence of abundant MITOCHONDRIA. Oxyphil cells, also known as oncocytes, are found in oncocytomas of the kidney, salivary glands, and endocrine glands. In the thyroid gland, oxyphil cells are known as Hurthle cells and Askanazy cells.
A malignant neoplasm that contains elements of carcinoma and sarcoma so extensively intermixed as to indicate neoplasia of epithelial and mesenchymal tissue. (Stedman, 25th ed)
New abnormal growth of tissue. Malignant neoplasms show a greater degree of anaplasia and have the properties of invasion and metastasis, compared to benign neoplasms.
A variety of simple repeat sequences that are distributed throughout the GENOME. They are characterized by a short repeat unit of 2-8 basepairs that is repeated up to 100 times. They are also known as short tandem repeats (STRs).
An adenocarcinoma with a hard (Greek skirrhos, hard) structure owing to the formation of dense connective tissue in the stroma. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Tumors of cancer of the EYELIDS.
A specific pair of human chromosomes in group A (CHROMOSOMES, HUMAN, 1-3) of the human chromosome classification.
Neoplasms of the skin and mucous membranes caused by papillomaviruses. They are usually benign but some have a high risk for malignant progression.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A transplantable, poorly differentiated malignant tumor which appeared originally as a spontaneous breast carcinoma in a mouse. It grows in both solid and ascitic forms.
Carbohydrate antigen elevated in patients with tumors of the breast, ovary, lung, and prostate as well as other disorders. The mucin is expressed normally by most glandular epithelia but shows particularly increased expression in the breast at lactation and in malignancy. It is thus an established serum marker for breast cancer.
The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
A technique that localizes specific nucleic acid sequences within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells through the use of specific nucleic acid-labeled probes.
Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.
A true neoplasm composed of a number of different types of tissue, none of which is native to the area in which it occurs. It is composed of tissues that are derived from three germinal layers, the endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm. They are classified histologically as mature (benign) or immature (malignant). (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1642)
An adenocarcinoma in which the tumor elements are arranged as finger-like processes or as a solid spherical nodule projecting from an epithelial surface.
A dilation of the duodenal papilla that is the opening of the juncture of the COMMON BILE DUCT and the MAIN PANCREATIC DUCT, also known as the hepatopancreatic ampulla.
Proteins found in the nucleus of a cell. Do not confuse with NUCLEOPROTEINS which are proteins conjugated with nucleic acids, that are not necessarily present in the nucleus.
Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.
Neoplasms of the SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in tissue composed of squamous elements.
A malignant tumor of the skin appendages, which include the hair, nails, sebaceous glands, sweat glands, and the mammary glands. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Tumor or cancer of the COMMON BILE DUCT including the AMPULLA OF VATER and the SPHINCTER OF ODDI.
Tumors or cancer of the MAMMARY GLAND in animals (MAMMARY GLANDS, ANIMAL).
Small double-stranded, non-protein coding RNAs (21-31 nucleotides) involved in GENE SILENCING functions, especially RNA INTERFERENCE (RNAi). Endogenously, siRNAs are generated from dsRNAs (RNA, DOUBLE-STRANDED) by the same ribonuclease, Dicer, that generates miRNAs (MICRORNAS). The perfect match of the siRNAs' antisense strand to their target RNAs mediates RNAi by siRNA-guided RNA cleavage. siRNAs fall into different classes including trans-acting siRNA (tasiRNA), repeat-associated RNA (rasiRNA), small-scan RNA (scnRNA), and Piwi protein-interacting RNA (piRNA) and have different specific gene silencing functions.
Variation in a population's DNA sequence that is detected by determining alterations in the conformation of denatured DNA fragments. Denatured DNA fragments are allowed to renature under conditions that prevent the formation of double-stranded DNA and allow secondary structure to form in single stranded fragments. These fragments are then run through polyacrylamide gels to detect variations in the secondary structure that is manifested as an alteration in migration through the gels.
Tumors or cancer of the PHARYNX.
Unstable isotopes of iodine that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. I atoms with atomic weights 117-139, except I 127, are radioactive iodine isotopes.
Tumors or cancer of the HYPOPHARYNX.
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
A human liver tumor cell line used to study a variety of liver-specific metabolic functions.

Overexpression of fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 in a human thyroid carcinoma cell line results in overgrowth of the confluent cultures. (1/1566)

Recent reports indicate that a gain-of-function mutation in fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR-3) inhibits cell growth in the cartilaginous growth plates. These results suggest that FGFR-3 may be the receptor transducing growth inhibitory signals. Using reverse transcription-PCR we examined seven papillary thyroid carcinomas to determine FGFR-3 expression. Six out of the seven papillary carcinomas expressed FGFR-3. To clarify the role of FGFR-3 in thyroid carcinoma, FGFR-3 was overexpressed in an established human papillary thyroid carcinoma cell line. High levels of FGFR-3 protein were identified in cells stably transfected with the vector containing FGFR-3 cDNA. The specific binding of 125I-FGF-2 of these cells was threefold higher than that of control cells. Growth rates of cells overexpressing FGFR-3 were similar to those of control cells. However, cells overexpressing FGFR-3 continued to grow beyond the density at which control cells stopped proliferating. These results suggest that FGFR-3 in thyroid carcinoma is not involved strongly in the cell proliferation mechanism but may contribute to the malignant extension of some of the carcinomas by modifying cell contact signaling.  (+info)

Frequent genetic alterations in simple urothelial hyperplasias of the bladder in patients with papillary urothelial carcinoma. (2/1566)

In order to understand the origin of bladder cancer, very early urothelial lesions must be investigated in addition to more advanced tumors. Tissue from 31 biopsies of 12 patients with urothelial hyperplasias and simultaneous or consecutive superficial papillary tumors were used to microdissect urothelium from 15- microm sections of biopsies. The biopsies were obtained with the recently developed highly sensitive diagnostic method of 5-aminolevulinic acid-induced fluorescence endoscopy (AFE). Besides flat and papillary urothelial neoplasms, the method of photodynamic diagnostics also detects simple urothelial hyperplasias as fluorescent positive lesions. In addition, 12 fluorescence-positive biopsies showing histologically normal urothelium were investigated. Fluorescence in situ hybridization was done using a dual color staining technique of biotinylated centromeric probes of chromosomes 9 and 17 and digoxigenin-labeled gene-specific P1 probes for chromosomes 9q22 (FACC), 9p21(p16/CDKI2), and 17p13(p53). Ten of 14 hyperplasias (70%) showed deletions of chromosome 9. In 7 out of 8 patients with genetic alterations in the hyperplasias the genetic change was also present in the papillary tumor. Six out of 12 samples of microdissected normal urothelium also showed genetic alterations on chromosome 9. Microdissection of urothelial lesions, obtained during AFE, has led to the first unequivocal documentation of genetic changes in urothelial lesions diagnosed as normal in histopathology. Thus, this technical approach is important to provide insight into the earliest molecular alterations in bladder carcinogenesis.  (+info)

A new rapid technique for the fixation of thyroid gland surgical specimens. (3/1566)

One of the main diagnostic problems in thyroid pathology is to distinguish between follicular adenoma and follicular carcinoma. Thorough sampling of the nodule's capsule is recommended in order to identify capsular invasion. However, during the hardening of the tissue, by the usual fixatives the capsule shrinks and rolls downwards and sometimes the capsule separates from the remaining tissue. The present work evaluates the use of "Lymph Node Revealing Solution" (LNRS) for the rapid fixation (2h) of different thyroid lesions as compared to that of formalin. Fifty-one unselected consecutive cases of thyroid nodules, which included various benign and malignant lesions, were examined. Each specimen was cut in two equal parts; one was fixed in LNRS, the other in formalin. Fixation in LNRS for 2 hours gave adequate results in sectioning and staining of the tissue, and excellent immunostains. Its advantage over formalin is the conservation of the natural relationship between the capsule and the rest of the tissue, on the same plane, as well as the short time required for the final diagnosis.  (+info)

Human thyroid cancer cells as a source of iso-genic, iso-phenotypic cell lines with or without functional p53. (4/1566)

Differentiated thyroid carcinomas (in contrast to the rarer anaplastic form) are unusual among human cancers in displaying a remarkably low frequency of p53 mutation and appear to retain wild-type (wt) p53 function as assessed by the response of derived cell lines to DNA damage. Using one such cell line, K1, we have tested the effect of experimental abrogation of p53 function by generating matched sub-clones stably expressing either a neo control gene, a dominant-negative mutant p53 (143ala) or human papilloma virus protein HPV16 E6. Loss of p53 function in the latter two groups was confirmed by abolition of p53-dependent 'stress' responses including induction of the cyclin/CDK inhibitor p21WAF1 and G1/S arrest following DNA-damage. In contrast, no change was detected in the phenotype of 'unstressed' clones, with respect to any of the following parameters: proliferation rate in monolayer, serum-dependence for proliferation or survival, tumorigenicity, cellular morphology, or tissue-specific differentiation markers. The K1 line therefore represents a 'neutral' background with respect to p53 function, permitting the derivation of functionally p53 + or - clones which are not only iso-genic but also iso-phenotypic. Such a panel should be an ideal tool with which to test the p53-dependence of cellular stress responses, particularly the sensitivity to potential therapeutic agents, free from the confounding additional phenotypic differences which usually accompany loss of p53 function. The results also further support the hypothesis that p53 mutation alone is not sufficient to drive progression of thyroid cancer to the aggressive anaplastic form.  (+info)

Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) mRNA is elevated in advanced stages of thyroid carcinoma. (5/1566)

Tumour cell invasion and metastasis is a multistep process that involves the degradation of extracellular matrix proteins by matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) act as negative regulators of MMPs and thus prevent tumour cell invasion and metastasis by preserving extracellular matrix (ECM) integrity. In the present study we examined the expression of one member of TIMPs, TIMP-1, in 39 thyroid tumour specimens and two thyroid carcinoma cell lines (NPA and SW579). We also investigated the effect of high TIMP-1 expression on the invasive potential of NPA cells. Northern blot analysis showed that TIMP-1 mRNA levels correlated directly with tumour aggressiveness: the highest number of TIMP-1 transcripts was found in stages III and IV vs benign goitre (P < 0.0001). However, TIMP-1 expression was not increased in NPA and SW579 cells, both of which are derived from poorly differentiated thyroid tumours. Immunohistochemical study showed strong TIMP-1 staining in the stroma cells of advanced stages of carcinomas. Overexpression of TIMP-1 by gene transfer resulted in a significant suppression of the malignant phenotype of NPA cells as judged by an in vitro tumour invasion assay. These results suggest that high levels of TIMP-1 transcripts in advanced stages of thyroid carcinoma likely come from stroma rather than thyroid cancer cells, and TIMP-1 may function as a thyroid tumour invasion/metastasis suppressor.  (+info)

Elevated reticulocyte count--a clue to the diagnosis of haemolytic-uraemic syndrome (HUS) associated with gemcitabine therapy for metastatic duodenal papillary carcinoma: a case report. (6/1566)

In adults, the haemolytic-uraemic syndrome (HUS) is associated with probable causative factors in the minority of all cases. Cytotoxic drugs are one of these potential causative agents. Although metastatic cancer by itself is a recognized risk-factor for the development of HUS, therapy with mitomycin-C, with cis-platinum, and with bleomycin carries a significant, albeit extremely small, risk for the development of HUS, compared with all other cytotoxic drugs. Gemcitabine is a novel cytotoxic drug with promising activity against pancreatic adenocarcinoma. We are reporting on one patient with metastatic duodenal papillary carcinoma developing HUS while on weekly gemcitabine therapy. The presenting features in this patient were non-cardiac pulmonary oedema, renal failure, thrombocytopenia and haemolytic anaemia. The diagnosis of HUS was made on the day of admission of the patient to this institution. Upon aggressive therapy, including one single haemodialysis and five plasmaphereses, the patient recovered uneventfully, with modestly elevated creatinine-values as a remnant of the acute illness. Re-exposure to gemcitabine 6 months after the episode of HUS instituted for progressive carcinoma, thus far has not caused another episode of HUS.  (+info)

Induction of mammary carcinomas by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea in ovariectomized rats treated with epidermal growth factor. (7/1566)

The importance of epidermal growth factor (EGF) in both normal and malignant mammary gland development are presented in these studies. Initial findings demonstrated that in the absence of ovarian hormones, EGF had a significant proliferative effect on mammary epithelial cells. To determine whether mammary epithelial cells grown with EGF, in the absence of ovarian hormones, could be transformed by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU), female ovariectomized Lewis rats were implanted with pellets containing EGF for 1 week and then treated with MNU for initiation. Two days after MNU treatment, ovaries were implanted and EGF pellets were removed from all ovariectomized groups in order to promote carcinogenesis. The mammary carcinoma incidence of the EGF-stimulated group (90%) was not significantly different from the intact group (100%). The mammary cancer morphology of EGF-treated carcinomas was either ductal carcinoma or cribriform adenocarcinoma, whereas intact animals developed mainly papillary and occasional cribriform carcinomas. Fifty-eight percent of the carcinomas from the EGF group were ovarian hormone-independent compared with 10% of carcinomas from the intact group. These results demonstrate that EGF-induced proliferation during initiation with MNU was sufficient to induce the transformation of mammary carcinomas in the absence of ovarian hormones. The hormonal dependency of these EGF-induced carcinomas were different compared with MNU-initiated mammary carcinomas in intact rats.  (+info)

The genetic locus NRC-1 within chromosome 3p12 mediates tumor suppression in renal cell carcinoma independently of histological type, tumor microenvironment, and VHL mutation. (8/1566)

Human chromosome 3p cytogenetic abnormalities and loss of heterozygosity have been observed at high frequency in the nonpapillary form of sporadic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene has been identified as a tumor suppressor gene for RCC at 3p25, and functional studies as well as molecular genetic and cytogenetic analyses have suggested as many as two or three additional regions of 3p that could harbor tumor suppressor genes for sporadic RCC. We have previously functionally defined a novel genetic locus nonpapillary renal carcinoma-1 (NRC-1) within chromosome 3p12, distinct from the VHL gene, that mediates tumor suppression and rapid cell death of RCC cells in vivo. We now report the suppression of tumorigenicity of RCC cells in vivo after the transfer of a defined centric 3p fragment into different histological types of RCC. Results document the functional involvement of NRC-1 in not only different cell types of RCC (i.e., clear cell, mixed granular cell/clear cell, and sarcomatoid types) but also in papillary RCC, a less frequent histological type of RCC for which chromosome 3p LOH and genetic aberrations have only rarely been observed. We also report that the tumor suppression observed in functional genetic screens was independent of the microenvironment of the tumor, further supporting a role for NRC-1 as a more general mediator of in vivo growth control. Furthermore, this report demonstrates the first functional evidence for a VHL-independent pathway to tumorigenesis in the kidney via the genetic locus NRC-1.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Peripheral location and infiltrative margin predict invasive features of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma. AU - Lee, Woo Kyung. AU - Lee, Jandee. AU - Kim, Hyunji. AU - Lee, Seul Gi. AU - Choi, Sun Hyung. AU - Jeong, Seonhyang. AU - Kwon, Hyeong Ju. AU - Jung, Sang Geun. AU - Jo, Young Suk. PY - 2019. Y1 - 2019. N2 - Objective: Tumor location in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) might determine tumor outgrowth from the thyroid gland. However, the clinical implications of tumor location and minimal extrathyroid extension (mETE) have not been well elucidated. We aimed to investigate the relationship between tumor location and mETE to predict the aggressiveness of PTMC. Methods: A total of 858 patients with PTMC were grouped according to tumor location on ultrasonography: central (cPTMC) and peripheral PTMC (pPTMC). PTMC without mETE (PTMC-mETE(-)) was divided further according to margin shape: encapsulated (E-) or infiltrative (I-). To understand the molecular biologic ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Clinicopathologic features and outcomes in patients with diffuse sclerosing variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma. AU - Akaishi, Junko. AU - Sugino, Kiminori. AU - Kameyama, Kaori. AU - Masaki, Chie. AU - Matsuzu, Kenichi. AU - Suzuki, Akifumi. AU - Uruno, Takashi. AU - Ohkuwa, Keiko. AU - Shibuya, Hiroshi. AU - Kitagawa, Wataru. AU - Nagahama, Mitsuji. AU - Shimizu, Kazuo. AU - Ito, Koichi. PY - 2015/7/5. Y1 - 2015/7/5. N2 - Background: Diffuse sclerosing variant (DSV) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a rare variant more common among younger patients. Materials and methods: Excluding patients with microcarcinoma, 5848 patients with PTC underwent initial surgery between 1995 and 2011. Twenty-two patients (0.4 %) were histologically diagnosed with DSV, of whom 20 (91 %) were ,45 years old. We compared clinicopathologic characteristics and outcomes between patients with DSV and those with classical PTC ,45 years old. Univariate analysis by the Kaplan-Meier method in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cytologic features of infarcted thyroid papillary carcinoma induced by fine needle aspiration. AU - Jang, Se Min. AU - Jun, Young Jin. AU - Na, Woong. AU - Jang, Ki Seok. AU - Paik, Seung Sam. PY - 2010/1/1. Y1 - 2010/1/1. KW - Aspiration biopsy, fine-needle. KW - Carcinoma, papillary. KW - Infarction. KW - Thyroid neoplasms. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78650508591&partnerID=8YFLogxK. M3 - Letter. C2 - 21053614. AN - SCOPUS:78650508591. VL - 54. SP - 1082. EP - 1083. JO - Acta Cytologica. JF - Acta Cytologica. SN - 0001-5547. IS - 5. ER - ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Intracystic papillary carcinoma. T2 - A review of 917 cases. AU - Grabowski, Julia. AU - Salzstein, Sidney L.. AU - Sadler, Georgia Robins. AU - Blair, Sarah. PY - 2008/9/1. Y1 - 2008/9/1. N2 - BACKGROUND. Intracystic papillary carcinoma (IPC) is an uncommon breast neoplasm. To the authors knowledge there are limited data regarding its epidemiology and only small studies focusing on outcomes. By using a large, population-based database, this study aimed to identify specific characteristics of patients with IPC, investigate its natural history, and determine its long-term prognosis. METHODS. The California Cancer Registry (CCR), a population-based registry, was reviewed from the years 1988 through 2005. The data were analyzed with regard to patient sex, age at presentation, tumor stage, and overall survival. Cumulative relative actuarial survival was determined using a Berkson-Gage life table method. The CCR classifies IPC as either in situ (CIS) or invasive, as determined by the ...
Nuclear retinoid receptors (RARs) upon a ligand binding act as all-trans retinoic acid-inducible transcription factors interacting as conditional heterodimers with nuclear retinoid X (rexinoid) receptors (RXRs). The disruption of retinoic acid (RA) signalling pathways is believed to underlie the etiology of a number of malignancies. RAR and RXR ligands are known to play role in reprogramming several tumour cells, and thus the development of appropriate ligands with reduced teratogenic and other side effects are still highly required. In this study, we have investigated expression pattern of retinoid receptor subtypes (RARalpha, RARbeta, RARgamma) and retinoid X nuclear receptor subtypes (RXRalpha, RXRbeta, RXRgamma) in three different human organ malignancies, i) thyroid papillary carcinoma, ii) breast cancer, and iii) renal carcinoma.. ...
Papillary squamous cell carcinoma (PSCC) of the uterine cervix is difficult to diagnose due to its rarity and limited data regarding its clinical behavior. We attempted to assess the degree of stromal invasion using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and evaluate possible treatments for this lesion in view of its clinical behavior. We analyzed 28 cases of PSCC diagnosed on the colposcopic selective biopsies. We studied the rate of accuracy of diagnoses of the colposcopic selective biopsies compared with the final diagnoses, and compared the rate of stromal invasion between the MRI and pathological findings while focusing on surgical methods and the clinical prognosis. Of the 28 patients, only 12 exhibited true PSCC. The other 16 patients were ultimately diagnosed with SCC or adenosquamous carcinoma based on the finding of the surgical specimens and exhibited relatively poor prognoses. Among the 12 true PSCC cases, the rate of diagnostic accuracy of stromal invasion (with or without) was only 58% (7/12) on
It remains controversial whether patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) benefit from total thyroidectomy (TT) or thyroid lobectomy (TL). We aimed to investigate the impact of extent of surgery on the prognosis of patients with unilateral PTMC. Patients were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database from 2004 to 2015. Cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS) were evaluated by Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier curves with propensity score matching. Of 31167 PTMC patients enrolled, 22.2% and 77.8% of which underwent TL and TT, respectively. Patients with TT were more likely to be younger, females, present tumors of multifocality, extrathyroidal extension, cervical lymph node metastasis (CLNM), distant metastasis, and receive radioactive iodine (RAI) compared with those receiving TL. The multivariate Cox regression model showed that TT was not associated with an improved CSS and OS compared with TL with hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval
What is the best surgical treatment for papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC)? Background: Surgeons have debated whether to perform a total or
Papillary carcinoma of the breast is an extremely rare variety of carcinoma breast with a mere incidence of only 0.5% of all recently diagnosed cases of breast cancer. We present a case of 63 years old postmenopausal female who came to the surgical outpatient department with complaints of a slowly increasing mass in the left breast of 1-month duration which was painless. A Left-sided modified radical mastectomy was performed with an absolutely normal post-operative period. The final histopathology report was suggestive of invasive papillary carcinoma. We report this case as it is rarely diagnosed. KEYWORDS: Invasive papillary carcinoma, modified radical mastectomy, carcinoma breast.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Is invasive micropapillary serous carcinoma a low-grade carcinoma?. AU - Ohishi, Yoshihiro. AU - Imamura, Hiroko. AU - Aman, Murasaki. AU - Shida, Kaai. AU - Kaku, Tsunehisa. AU - Kato, Kiyoko. AU - Oda, Yoshinao. PY - 2016/1/1. Y1 - 2016/1/1. N2 - Invasive micropapillary serous carcinoma has been proposed as a synonym for low-grade serous carcinoma by some expert pathologists. In contrast, Singer and colleagues reported that some serous carcinomas with conspicuous invasive micropapillary pattern (SC-IMPs) can show high-grade nuclear atypia. However, the molecular features of such tumors have not been well documented. The aim of this study was to demonstrate and emphasize the fact that high-grade serous carcinoma confirmed by immunohistochemistry and molecular analysis can show conspicuous invasive micropapillary pattern. We selected 24 SC-IMPs and investigated: (1) their morphologic features; (2) the immunostaining pattern of p53 protein; and (3) KRAS/BRAF/TP53 gene ...
history of IgG monoclonal gamopathy. An ultrasound of the thyroid showed a 10 mm diameter nodule to the right and a 12 mm diameter nodule ... and the prognosis is excellent (in the case the tumor is papillary carcinoma- the most common thyroid malignancy). To conclude- .... ...
RODERIC (Repositori dObjectes Digitals per a lEnsenyament la Recerca i la Cultura) es el repositorio institucional de la Universitat de València. Se concibe como una ventanilla única para el acceso y la difusión de la producción digital de la Universitat. RODERIC responde al compromiso de la Universitat con el movimiento de acceso abierto al conocimiento adquirido con su adhesión a la Declaración de Berlín (30 Septiembre de 2008).
Extrathyroidal extension was more frequent in DSV than in TCV and cPTC patients (p < 0.05); moreover, only DSV tumors had a higher rate of recurrent/persistent disease when compared to cPTC treated with the same protocol (total thyroidectomy followed by (131)I treatment) (p < 0.01). After initial treatment, 54.2% of TCV and 20.4% of DSV patients were classified at low risk, while at ongoing risk stratification, the excellent response (low risk) was higher for both TCV (77.8%) and DSV (50.0%) patients relative to initial stratification (both p < 0.01). Using ongoing risk classification, positive predictive value (PPV) for persistent/recurrent disease was higher relative to initial risk stratification for both TCV (PPV = 93.8 vs. 39.4%) and DSV (PPV = 63.0 vs. 34.9%), p < 0.05 for both. CONCLUSIONS ...
papillary cancer - MedHelps papillary cancer Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for papillary cancer. Find papillary cancer information, treatments for papillary cancer and papillary cancer symptoms.
But de l étude : le microcarcinome thyroïdien révélé par des adénopathies cervicales est fréquent et il s agit dans la majorité des cas du type papillaire
Intracystic papillary carcinoma of the breast associated with areas of infiltration, is a rare, constituting less than 1% of breast cancers. These are tumors whose initial radiological study shows lesions with low suspicion of malignancy in a high proportion of cases. We present two cases of intracystic papillary carcinoma, associated with infiltration diagnosed at the Breast Unit of Hospital Infanta Cristina In both cases the reason for consultation was the palpation of a nodule and initial radiographic approach showed lesions with low suspicion of malignancy ...
Patient: Thyroid Cancer > Papillary Carcinoma > Tall Cell Patient Info: Currently in active treatment (initial surgery, receiving chemo rounds/radiation), Diagnosed: over 10 years ago, Female, Age: 66, Stage IV
The thyroid is the organ that has the greatest risk of malignant tumors among the endocrine tumors. The papillary carcinoma occupies 80% of the entire thyroid tumors. Immunohistochemical staining of galectin-3 has usually been used in differentiating papillary carcinoma and follicular carcinoma. The p53 gene of the cell cycle is a tumor suppressor gene acting in on the control points. The cyclin D1 genes in the cell cycle, involved in the implementation of G1 and S phase, plays an important role in the progression of thyroid tumors. This research compares and analyzes correlation between papillary carcinoma, follicular carcinoma, p53, cyclin D1 and galectin-3 gene expression patterns. In a total of 30 cases from papillary carcinoma, 21 cases from p53 (70%), 27 cases in galectin-3 (90%), and 26 cases in cyclin D1 (86.7%) showed positive rate. The galectin-3 staining investigated, showed a significant difference between a papillary carcinoma and a follicular carcinoma. Follicular carcinoma from 15 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid gland. AU - Baker, R. Robinson. AU - Hyland, J.. PY - 1985. Y1 - 1985. N2 - The results of this analysis have demonstrated that papillary carcinoma of the thyroid gland rarely causes the death of the patient. Bilateral subtotal lobectomies, partial lobectomies and probably total lobectomy combined with contralateral partial lobectomy should not be performed in the treatment of this disease. The incidence of local recurrence is higher after these procedures, and any subsequent operative procedure is complicated by scarring secondary to the initial procedure. Total lobectomy is the procedure of choice for patients with disease confined to one lobe on palpation. Total thyroidectomy should only be performed for palpable disease in both lobes. Excision of a grossly normal contralateral lobe solely to obtain microscopic tumor which rarely becomes clinically apparent is not worth the inherent risk of bilateral recurrent palsy of the nerve or permanent ...
JIM HSU, JAE Y. RO. The 2016 WHO classification of tumors of the urothelial tract recently revised the classification of invasive urothelial carcinoma to include nested, microcystic, micropapillary, plasmacytoid, sarcomatoid, giant cell, and poorly differentiated variants, among others. In particular, invasive micropapillary carcinoma (IMPC) is now recognized as a distinct entity with aggressive f
In 2016, Saleh [59] from Egypt, performed heterotopic autotransplantation of fresh thyroid tissue for 20 patients who underwent TT (13 with simple MNG, 4 with Graves disease and 3 with toxic nodular goiter). Intraoperatively, 10-15 g of the healthiest looking non-nodular part of the excised gland was minced into 1-2 mm slices after stripping of its fibrous capsule. The tissue was then made into an emulsion of 20 mL lactated Ringers solution and injected through the rectus femoris muscle in 6-8 different directions using a specially designed wide bore needle. The final postoperative pathology reported a follicular variant of thyroid papillary carcinoma in 2 patients in whom preoperative pathology missed their diagnosis. The 2 patients had their graft excised and were excluded from the study. Follow-up of 18 patients was done to report the survival and function of the heterotopic transplanted thyroid tissue through 99mTc uptake at 2-month postoperatively and thyroid function tests (FT3, FT4, and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Asymptomatic Solid Pseudopapillary Neoplasm of the Pancreas. AU - Gleeson, Ferga C.. AU - Smyrk, Thomas C.. AU - Chari, Suresh T.. PY - 2008/1/1. Y1 - 2008/1/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=37349075371&partnerID=8YFLogxK. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=37349075371&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.1016/j.cgh.2007.10.014. DO - 10.1016/j.cgh.2007.10.014. M3 - Article. C2 - 18166468. AN - SCOPUS:37349075371. VL - 6. SP - A22. JO - Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. JF - Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. SN - 1542-3565. IS - 1. ER - ...
Ms. Aida Antonio was 29 years old when I did a thyroidectomy on her thyroid papillary carcinoma. She is now 53 years old with no clinical evidence of recurrence. We both thank God for this long 24 years of remission.
The incidence of thyroid cancer is increasing globally. This is mainly due to the increase in the detection of small papillary carcinomas, including papillary microcarcinomas (PMC) 1 cm or smaller. It
Has anybody here been diagnosed with Papillary Carcinoma Thyroid Cancer that has affected the surrounding lymph nodes? My 21 y/o cousin was diagnosed and her thyroid along with lymph nodes were removed less than a month ago. The pathology report showed several nodules on the thyroid (2 on the left node 2x1x1 cm in size, and several on the right node with the biggest one being 2.5x2x1 cm). The lymph nodes removed some are tumor compromised, and some have extranodal extension. Shes having a 2nd
Every thyroid case is different, survival depends on many different factors like age, or how long you had cancer before discovery, etc. Im not a doctor. But I am a Thyroid Cancer Survivor x 21 years now. My cancer was Papillary Carcinoma. From all that I have been told and read-- is that you can get thyroid cancer from being exposed to x-rays, especially if you had them when you were a child, it doesnt have to be because of Chernobyl. If you have had your surgery, you are on your road to recovery...for me, only one lobe had cancer, it was removed,the other lobe remained. No chemo was needed. The docs told me that I needed to have suppression therapy, they use Synthroid. They say-- that is because I still have one lobe left and there is a potential for cancer cells, suppressing the lobe will hopefully keep the cancer cells at bay for awhile. The other thing the docs are doing is keeping my TSH level low, ,1. Please keep your chin up, I wish you all the best with your health in the ...
Papillary carcinoma of the breast encompasses a spectrum of histologic subtypes. There are two common types: cystic (noninvasive form) and micropapillary ductal carcinoma (invasive form). Papillary br... more
I dont have an oncologist either, my endocrinologist specializes in treating thyroid cancer patients so I didnt see a need. You can talk to your endo about this, bring all the lab reports from your mamograms, sonograms and biopsy so he has something to look at. Your surgeon may also be very knowledgable about the questions you have, depending on his speciality.. I think if the breast cancer is metastic thyroid cancer they would have told you so, but best to ask to be certain.. Yes, I know what you mean, lucky to catch it early. I didnt know anything was wrong until I felt a swollen lymph node in my neck. Per doctors orders, I waited for a few months for it to go down, then spent another month waiting for the biopsy and found I had papillary. I had a TT and neck disection 2/11 and RAI 4/11. So far no recurrance, but well see. Theyre right when they say lucky, if I had ignored the lump, Id probably be dealing with a larger metastic spread than just a couple of nodes in my neck. The thing ...
Tytu : Simultaneous occurrence of medullary and papillary carcinomas of the thyroid gland with metastases of papillary carcinoma to the cervical lymph nodes and the coinciding small B-cell lymphocytic lymphoma of the lymph nodes - a case report. ...
Thyroid carcinoma seems to have generated a considerable number of misconceptions. About 20% of these tumors are pure papillary, about 10% pure follicular, about 50% mixed papillary and follicular, and about 5% (range, 2%-10%) are called medullary. However, the pure papillary carcinoma usually has a few follicular elements if enough histologic sections are made, and […]. ...
OYAMA Tetsunari , SUZUKI Takeshi , HARA Futoshi , IINO Yuich , ISHIDA Tsunehiro , SAKAMOTO Atsuhiko , NAKAJIMA Takashi Pathology international 45(1), 45-50, 1995-01 医中誌Web 参考文献21件 被引用文献6件 ...
Treatment Options by Stage. Stage 0 (Papillary Carcinoma and Carcinoma in Situ). Treatment of stage 0 may include the following:. ...
By definition, clinical papillary carcinomas are 1. 60 The example indicates that cross-resistance is increased for hydrophilic drugs of moderate size.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Aggressive variants of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma are associated with high-risk features, but not decreased survival. AU - Holoubek, Simon A.. AU - Yan, Huan. AU - Khokar, Amna H.. AU - Kuchta, Kristine M.. AU - Winchester, David J.. AU - Prinz, Richard A.. AU - Moo-Young, Tricia A.. N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2019 Elsevier Inc. Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2020/1. Y1 - 2020/1. N2 - Background: This study compares pathologic features and overall survival of classic versus aggressive variants of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PMTC). Methods: Patients ≥18 years in the National Cancer Data Base (2004-2015) with the subtypes of classic (cPTMC), tall cell (mTCV), or diffuse sclerosing (mDSV) PTC (≤1 cm) were identified. Overall survival was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier and propensity matched for clinicopathologic and treatment variables. Results: There were 82,056 cPTMC patients, 923 mTCV, and 219 mDSV. Extrathyroidal extension and ...
Mutation of the BRAF gene is common in thyroid cancer. Follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma is a variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma that has created continuous diagnostic controversies among pathologists. The aims of this study are to (1) investigate whether follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma has a different pattern of BRAF mutation than conventional papillary thyroid carcinoma in a large cohort of patients with typical features of follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma and (2) to study the relationship of clinicopathological features of papillary thyroid carcinomas with BRAF mutation. Tissue blocks from 76 patients with diagnostic features of papillary thyroid carcinomas (40 with conventional type and 36 with follicular variant) were included in the study. From these, DNA was extracted and BRAF V600E mutations were detected by polymerase chain reaction followed by restriction enzyme digestion and sequencing of exon 15. Analysis of the data indicated ...
Solid pseudopapillary tumors are rare, with the majority of described cases originating in the pancreas. To date, there are only 10 documented reports of primary ovarian solid pseudopapillary tumors. Here, we describe the case of a 24-year-old woman who presented with worsening pelvic pain and dysmenorrhea. Workup demonstrated a right ovarian solid mass on ultrasound and an elevated serum LDH, which raised concerns for dysgerminoma due to her relatively young age. Therefore, she was taken to the operating room and underwent laparoscopic right salpingo-oophorectomy. On initial rapid frozen section, her ovarian cyst had a grossly hemorrhagic appearance with multiple hemosiderin deposits noted microscopically, which suggested a benign hemorrhagic cyst. However, the final pathology was reported as solid pseudopapillary tumor based on several defining histologic characteristics. Most importantly, immunostaining was positive for |i|β|/i|-catenin and negative for E-cadherin. This report presents a brief
Although the vast majority of patients with Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma (PTMC) have excellent long-term outcomes, some patients experience tumor re
A collision tumor involving a tracheal sarcomatoid carcinoma and a papillary thyroid carcinoma has never been reported in the literature. A 78-year-old female presented with a large neck mass and hoarseness. A fine needle aspiration demonstrated papillary thyroid carcinoma. Imaging revealed a right thyroid mass invading into the tracheal lumen with bulky ipsilateral lymphadenopathy. The patient underwent a total thyroidectomy, tracheal resection, and central and right neck dissections. Pathology demonstrated a tracheal sarcomatoid carcinoma invading the right thyroid, which had multifocal papillary thyroid carcinoma with central and lateral neck metastases. The patient subsequently received adjuvant chemoradiotherapy and radioactive iodine. We present a case of a tracheal sarcomatoid carcinoma colliding with a papillary thyroid cancer. Treatment modalities should address the most aggressive tumor, while being tailored to clinical picture, tumor histology, and patient preferences.
The study objective is to analyze the mutation profile of the tall cell variant (TCV) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Materials and methods. The main inclusion criteria according to the WHO classification (2017) was PTC composed of at least 30 % of tall cells. Genetic examination was conducted using the FoundationOne CDx assay (USA) with median depth of coverage of |500x. This study included 5 patients (1 man and 4 women) with a mean age of 52.6 years (range: 48-56 years). The tumor size varied between 0.4 x 0.5 cm and 11.0 x 9.0 cm. All patients have undergone surgical treatment: hemithyroidectomy for patient No. 1 with a small tumor (pT1b); thyroidectomy for patient No. 2 (pT3b); extensive thyroidectomy with the removal of paratracheal tissue for patients No. 3, 4, and 5 (No. 3 - pT3bN0; No. 4 - pT3bN1b; No. 5 - pT3bN1b). Three out of the five patients also had adenomatous goiter. The mean follow-up time was 3.4 to 5.2 years. Results. Tumors in all patients were characterized by low mutational
A comprehensive analysis of MNG1, TCO1, fPTC, PTEN, TSHR, and TRKA in familial nonmedullary thyroid cancer: Confirmation of linkage to TCO1. About 5% of nonmedullary thyroid cancer is familial. These familial nonmedullary thyroid cancer cases are characterized by an earlier age of onset, more aggressive phenotype, and in some families a high propensity to benign thyroid disease. Little is known about the genes conferring predisposition to nonmedullary thyroid cancer. Three loci have been identified through genetic linkage: MNG1 on 14q32, TCO1 on 19p13.2, and fPTC on 1p21. In addition to these putative genes, a number of loci represent candidate familial nonmedullary thyroid cancer predisposition genes by virtue of their involvement in sporadic disease (TRKA), their role in benign disease (TSHR), and because they underlie syndromes with a risk of nonmedullary thyroid cancer (PTEN). To evaluate the roles of MNG1, TCO1, fPTC, PTEN, TSHR, and TRKA in familial nonmedullary thyroid cancer, we have ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Loss of cell-adhesion molecule complexes in solid pseudopapillary tumor of pancreas. AU - Tang, Wendell W.. AU - Stelter, Arwen A.. AU - French, Samuel. AU - Shen, Steven. AU - Qiu, Suimin. AU - Venegas, Rose. AU - Wen, Julie. AU - Wang, Hui Qun. AU - Xie, Jingwu. PY - 2007/5/30. Y1 - 2007/5/30. N2 - Solid pseudopapillary tumor of pancreas (SPT) is a rare neoplasm that occurs most often in young females with the two distinct features, the solid-cystic gross appearance, and the solid-pseudopapillary microscopic pattern. It has been reported that almost all SPT tumors contain a mutation in the β-catenin gene; however, the histogenetic origin of this tumor remains largely a mystery. E-cadherin is a cell adhesion molecule that links to catenins to form cell adhesion junctions, which is associated with the cytoskeleton formation. In this study, we examined the expression of E-cadherin and β-catenin from SPT in an attempt to determine the molecular basis for the unusual ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Tumor immune microenvironment characteristics of papillary thyroid carcinoma are associated with histopathological aggressiveness and BRAF mutation status. AU - Means, Casey. AU - Clayburgh, Daniel. AU - Maloney, Lauren. AU - Sauer, David. AU - Taylor, Matthew H.. AU - Shindo, Maisie. AU - Coussens, Lisa. AU - Tsujikawa, Takahiro. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - Background: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) follows an indolent course; however, up to 30% of patients develop recurrent disease requiring further treatment. Profiling PTC immune complexity may provide new biomarkers for improved risk prediction. Methods: Immune complexity profiles were quantitatively evaluated by multiplex immunohistochemistry (mIHC) in archived tissue sections from 39 patients with PTC, and were assessed for correlations with aggressive histopathological features based on the presence of lymphovascular invasion and/or extrathyroidal extension, and BRAF V600E mutational status. Results: mIHC ...
Synchronous primary cancers are occasionally observed, but TTM is extremely rare; only about 100 cases have been reported in the English literature. Campbell et al. [7] proposed the concept of TTM, which can be distinguished from collision tumor based on following criteria: 1) more than one primary tumor; 2) the recipient tumor may be a true benign or malignant neoplasm; 3) the metastatic neoplasm is a true metastasis with established growth within the host tumor, not the result of contiguous growth (collision tumor) or tumor emboli; 4) primary tumors spreading into the lymphatic system in the setting of generalized lymphoreticular malignancy are excluded.. According to the seed and soil hypothesis [8] of cancer metastasis, interactions between cancer cells (seed) and specific organ microenvironments (soil) determine the outcome of metastasis. Renal cell carcinoma and meningioma are both highly vascularized tumors, and have high lipid and glycogen content, which can provide a fertile ...
Introduction. Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) of the pancreas is rare, accounting for 2-3 % of primary pancreatic tumours (1). It was first described by Frantz in 1959 and has since then been referred to as: solid and cystic tumour, solid and papillary neoplasm, Frantzs tumour, papillary-cystic neoplasm and papillary epithelial neoplasm. It was finally defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2000 as a solid pseudopapillary neoplasm of the pancreas (2). SPN is considered a low malignant potential neoplasm, due to its benign morphology and the fact that it rarely metastasizes (3). Even though pancreatic tumours generally have bad prognosis, SPN shows good prognosis, which makes the disease entity unique in this disease group. To predict malignant behavior of SPN, several morphological criteria are needed (angioinvasion, invasion to surrounding tissue or unequivocal perineural invasion) and if present, the tumour should be designated as solid pseudopapillary carcinoma (SPC) (4). We ...
Thyroid cancer, the commonest of endocrine malignancies, continues increasing in incidence being the 5th more prevalent cancer among women in the United States in 2012. Familial thyroid cancer has become a well-recognized, unique, clinical entity in patients with thyroid cancer originating from follicular cells, that is, nonmedullary thyroid carcinoma. Hereditary nonmedullary thyroid cancer may occur as a minor component of familial cancer syndromes (familial adenomatous polyposis, Gardners...
Objective: Describe a case of a patient diagnosed with papillary thyroid carcinoma by a retropharyngeal tumor.. Methods: A 46-year-old male was referred from the otorhinolaryngology consult to our department with the post-operative diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma, with 6 months history of upper airway dyspnea and dysphagia to solids. Physical examination: right side adenopathies, not painful on palpation. No goitre. Laryngoscopy: hypertrophy of right posterior pharyngeal wall, epiglottis with rotation. Glotis was permeable. Mobile vocal cords. Pyriform sinus free. Cervical and thoracic TC: right retropharyngeal and internal jugular adenopathic conglomerates. Subcentimetrical mediastinal lymph nodes. Nasopharyngeal MRI: right retropharyngeal paracentral mass rejecting adjacent structures. FNA of cervical lymph node: lymph node with metastases of papillary thyroid carcinoma.. Results: Surgical treatment is decided. Transcervical excision was performed in right parapharyngeal tumor, ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Case of aggressive metastatic follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma with BRAF K601E and BCORL1 mutations. AU - Attia, Doaa. AU - Lurie, Alexander. AU - Zhai, Qihui. AU - Smallridge, Robert. PY - 2020/6/30. Y1 - 2020/6/30. N2 - BCL6 corepressor like-1 (BCORL1) mutation has rarely been described in thyroid cancer or in association with BRAF mutations in any malignancy. However, we report a 49-year-old woman who had aggressive follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma (FV-PTC) with both the BRAF K601E and BCORL1 mutations. The patient underwent a total thyroidectomy for a 3.6 cm right thyroid nodule and a smaller lesion in the left lobe in 2007; both were FV-PTCs with no lymphovascular invasion or metastases. In 2015, a positron emission tomography-CT scan showed a small defect in the left posterior lateral fifth rib with mild increased hypermetabolic activity with standardised uptake value of 3.9 and another lesion in the right hip at the junction of the femoral neck ...
Introduction: We report an unusual case of adenocarcinoma of lung metachronous with stage IVA papillary thyroid carcinoma. The two tumors are morphologically similar; and the later presence of lung mass could clinically masquerade as metastatic thyroid carcinoma. We discuss the challenges in clinical, imaging and pathologic diagnosis. Case Report: A 64-year-old non-smoking female had a thyroidectomy and neck lymph node dissection for a stage IVA tumor with pathologic findings of one 2 mm microcarcinoma of left thyroid and six positive cervical lymph nodes. The post-surgical I131 whole body scan was negative and thyroglobulin is suppressed and stable (
TY - JOUR. T1 - The role of positron emission tomography/computed tomography in the management of recurrent papillary thyroid carcinoma. AU - Nahas, Zayna. AU - Goldenberg, David. AU - Fakhry, Carol. AU - Ewertz, Marjorie. AU - Zeiger, Martha. AU - Ladenson, Paul W.. AU - Wahl, Richard. AU - Tufano, Ralph P.. PY - 2005/2/1. Y1 - 2005/2/1. N2 - Objectives/Hypothesis: The aim of the study was to evaluate the role of combined positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) fusion imaging in the detection and management of recurrent papillary thyroid cancer. Study Design: A retrospective analysis of 33 patients with suspected recurrent papillary thyroid carcinoma who had undergone PET/CT was performed. PET/CT was compared with standard imaging techniques in each patient to determine whether PET/CT contributed to the therapeutic management plan. Histopathological findings were correlated to PET/CT in patients who imderwent surgery. Methods: The senior author reviewed the charts of 33 ...
|i|Background.|/i| Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a form of thyroid cancer with high risk of cervical lymph node metastasis. |i|Aim.|/i| The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and the predictive factors for occult ipsilateral central lymph node (CLN) metastasis in the patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma. |i|Methods.|/i| A total of 916 PTC patients (1017 lesions) undergoing central lymph node dissection in our hospital from 2005 to 2011 were enrolled. The relationship between CLN metastasis and clinical factors such as gender, age, tumor size, tumor number, capsule invasion, and tumor location was analyzed. |i|Results.|/i| Occult CLN metastasis was observed in 52.41% (533/1017) of PTC lesions, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that age ≤ 35 years, tumor size > 1.5 cm, present capsule invasion/extracapsular invasion, and tumor located in upper/middle pole/whole lobe were risk factors of CLN metastasis. |i|Conclusions.|/i| Tumor located in upper
Through a transcriptome microarray analysis, we have isolated Anterior gradient protein 2 (AGR2) as a gene up-regulated in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). AGR2 is a disulfide isomerase over-expressed in several human carcinomas and recently linked to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Here, we analyzed the expression of AGR2 in PTC and its functional role. Expression of AGR2 was studied by immunohistochemistry and real time PCR in normal thyroids and in PTC samples. The function of AGR2 was studied by knockdown in PTC cells and by ectopic expression in non-transformed thyroid cells. The role of AGR2 in the ER stress was analyzed upon treatment of cells, expressing or not AGR2, with Bortezomib and analyzing by Western blot the expression levels of GADD153. PTC over-expressed AGR2 at mRNA and protein levels. Knockdown of AGR2 in PTC cells induced apoptosis and decreased migration and invasion. Ectopic expression of AGR2 in non-transformed human thyroid cells increased migration and invasion and
Solid pseudopapillary tumors (SPTs) are unusual neoplasms that mostly occur in the pancreas, and predominantly affect young women. As a low-grade malignant neoplasm of the exocrine pancreas, they occasionally metastasize, usually to the liver or peritoneum. It has been reported that ,1% of SPTs are primary extrapancreatic SPTs. In the present study, we present two rare, but conspicuous extrapancreatic SPTs. Both occurred in young women, and showed good prognoses following surgery. One was a recurrent SPT of the pancreas that metastasized to the ovary, and the other was a distinct primary neoplasm that arose in the retroperitoneal area. The pathological features of the two tumors, including solid and pseudopapillary growth patterns with pale or eosinophilic cytoplasm, were characteristic of SPTs of the pancreas. However, in the case of the metastatic ovarian tumor, focal necrosis and an increased nuclear-to-cytoplasmic ratio were observed. The presence of positive nuclear-cytoplasmic β-catenin, ...
Tumor invasiveness is directly related to the ability of tumor cells to migrate and invade surrounding tissues, usually degrading extracellular matrix. Despite significant progress in the knowledge about migration and invasion, there is much more to elucidate about their regulatory mechanisms, especially in cancer cells. MicroRNAs (miRs) were recently described as important regulators of migration. Differential expression of miRs in cancer is frequently associated with progression, invasion and metastasis. In papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), miR-146b-5p is highly expressed and positively correlated to the degree of malignancy. This study aimed to investigate the role of miR-146b-5p on the migratory and invasive behaviors of thyroid cells, using a non tumor rat thyroid follicular cell line (PCCl3) transfected with the miR-146b-5p genomic region, and two PTC cell lines (TPC-1 and BCPAP, bearing distinct oncogenic backgrounds), which express high levels of miR-146b-5p, after miR-146b inhibition by
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Aims: Metastatic nodes on power Doppler sonography tend to demonstrate high intranodal resistance and abnormal distribution of vascularity within a node. However, in our experience metastatic nodes from papillary carcinoma of the thyroid frequently demonstrate low intranodal resistance and some do not demonstrate the presence of any abnormal vascularity within. We were therefore interested to document these features. Materials and Methods: The grey scale and power Doppler sonograms of 21 metastatic nodes from papillary carcinoma of the thyroid were evaluated. The intranodal distribution of vessels and the intranodal vascular resistance of vessels was assessed and compared with the reported features of metastatic nodes from other head and neck primaries. Results: A majority (17/20, 85%) of metastatic nodes from papillary carcinoma of the thyroid had a maximum resistance index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI) , 0.8 and 1.6, respectively. A majority of the nodes (16/21, 76%) demonstrated abnormal ...
Solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas (SPTP) is a rare pancreatic tumor. Rarely does the tumor have a multicentric location. We report this unusual case of a 24-year-old woman who had 2 large synchronous SPTPs detected incidentally by routine p
Pancreas: Solid pseudopapillary tumour of the pancreas with t(11;22)(q24;q12) EWSR1/FLI1, Authors: Jean-Loup Huret. Published in: Atlas Genet Cytogenet Oncol Haematol.
Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the most common tumor subtype of thyroid cancer. However, not all PTCs are responsive to current surgical and radioiodine treatment. The well-established clinical prognostic factors include tumor size, lymph node/distal metastasis, and extrathyroidal invasion. The RET/PTC-RAS-BRAF linear molecular signaling cascade is known to mediate PTC pathogenesis. However, whether presence of BRAF mutation, the most common genetic alteration in PTC, can affect PTC behavior and prognosis is controversial. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been labeled as promising molecular prognostic markers in several tumor types. Our recent studies demonstrated that microRNA-146b (miR-146b) deregulation is associated with PTC aggressiveness and prognosis. Here we summarize the current knowledge related to the functional roles, regulated target genes, and clinical applications of miR-146b in PTC and discuss how these studies provide insights into the key role of miR-146b as an oncogenic regulator promoting
BACKGROUND:This paper aimed to evaluate the expression of REGg and characterize its clinical significance in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). MATERIAL AND METHODS:In total, 54 patients with PTC who underwent partial or total thyroidectomy and cervical node dissection for PTC from February 2009 to September 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. Thyroid specimens and metastatic lymph nodes from 54 patients and normal thyroid tissues obtained from 13 volunteers were collected and analyzed. Tumor size, T-stage, and lymph nodes metastasis were recorded based on surgical pathology. Immunohistochemical (IHC) technology was performed to analyze REGg protein expression level. Corrections between the expression of REGγ and the clinicopathological factors were analyzed. RESULTS:All the normal thyroid tissues were REGg-negative. REGγ was positive in 75.9% (41/54) of PTC tissues, of which 29 cases (29/42, 69.0%) were in T1-T2 stage and 12 cases (12/12,100%) were in T3-T4 stage. Positive REGγ was found in 21 cases
Title: Oncogene profile of papillary thyroid carcinoma. Author: Sugg, Sonia L. / Ezzat, Shereen / Zheng, Lei / Freeman, Jeremy L. / Rosen, Irving B. / Asa, Sylvia L.. Reference: Surgery, 125 (1), p.46-52, Jan 1999. doi: 10.1016/S0039-6060(99)70287-4. Abstract: …suppressor genes in thyroid cancer is a subject of intense…a group of papillary thyroid cancers. Mutations…radiation fallout from the Chernobyl nuclear accident…oncogene rearrangement in thyroid cancer and other potentially…. URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0039606099702874. ...
Yim JH , Kim WB , Kim EY , Kim WG , Kim TY , Ryu JS , Gong G , Hong SJ , Shong YK. J Clin Endocrinol Metab April, 2011. The primary treatment of locoregionally recurrent/persistent papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is surgical removal by reoperation. This study evaluated the efficacy of the first reoperation for loco-regionally recurrent/persistent papillary thyroid carcinoma and the usefulness of stimulated TG for evaluating efficacy of reoperation. A retrospective observational cohort study was done in a tertiary referral hospital. A total of 83 patients, who underwent initial total thyroidectomy and nodal dissection with radioactive iodine remnant ablation, received reoperation for loco-regionally recurrent/persistent PTC and were included in this study. Stimulated TG levels were assessed before and after reoperation. We assessed biochemical remission (stimulated TG,1 ng/ml) after reoperation and evaluated second clinical recurrence-free survival rate according to stimulated TG value. There was ...
Micropapillary carcinoma (MPC) is a rare variant of carcinoma, and it is composed of small papillary neoplastic cell clusters lying within clear lacunar spaces that simulate lymphovascular channels. This tumor has been described in the several organs such as the breast, lung, urinary bladder and salivary gland and it is known to be frequently associated with a high incidence of lymphatic invasion and metastasis in lymph nodes, resulting in poor clinical outcome. We present here a case of MPC in the gall bladder, and this type of case has not been previously described. Histologically, the tumor was composed of micropapillary carcinoma with tight clusters of micropapillary aggregates in the background of tubular adenoma. Focal invasive micropapillary components were also noted in the submuscular connective tissue. A metastatic lesion in a regional lymph node also showed an entirely micropapillary pattern. ...
Nucleotides are increasingly recognized as non-redundant extracellular signals for chemotaxis, cell growth and cytokine release. Effects of extracellular nucleotides are mediated by P2 receptors, among which the P2X7 subtype is attracting increasing attention for its involvement in apoptosis, cell growth and cytokine release. Recent studies showed that P2X7 is overexpressed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia, breast and prostate cancer. The aim of the present study was to better understand the clinical significance of P2X7 receptor expression in normal and cancer human thyroid tissues. P2X7 receptor message and protein expression and functional activity were tested in two cell lines (FB1 and FB2) established from either anaplastic and papillary primary thyroid cancer and in several histological samples of human papillary cancer. We show here that human thyroid papillary carcinoma, whether of the classical or follicular variant, express the P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) to a much higher level than normal ...
Papillary thyroid cancer, which is the most common type of thyroid cancer, makes up about 80% of all cases of thyroid cancer. It is one of the fastest growing cancer types with over 20,000 new cases a year. In fact, it is the 8th most common cancer among women overall and the most common cancer in women younger than 25. Although a person can get papillary thyroid cancer at any age, most patients will present before the age of 40.
Results-On VTI elastography: score 1 was found in 84 nodules (all benign); score 2 in 37 nodules (3 papillary carcinomas and 34 benign nodules); score 3 in 25 nodules (1 medullary carcinoma, 6 papillary carcinomas, and 18 benign nodules); score 4 in 53 nodules (50 papillary carcinomas and 3 benign nodules); score 5 in 17 nodules (14 papillary carcinomas and 3 benign nodules); and score 6 in 3 nodules (all papillary carcinomas). A VTI elasticity score of 4 or greater was highly predictive of malignancy (P, .01), and the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy were 87.0% (67 of 77), 95.8% (136 of 142), 91.8% (67 of 73), 93.1% (136 of 146), and 92.7% (203 of 219), respectively. The κ values were 0.69 for intraobserver agreement and 0.85 for interobserver agreement ...
Summary Global Markets Directs, Papillary Thyroid Cancer - Pipeline Review, H1 2016, provides an overview of the Papillary Thyroid Cancer pipeline landscape. The report provides comprehensive information on the therapeutics under development for Papillary Thyroid Cancer, complete with analysis by stage of development, drug target, mechanism of action (MoA), route of administration (RoA
TY - JOUR. T1 - Outcome predictors and impact of central node dissection and radiometabolic treatments in papillary thyroid cancers ≤2 cm. AU - Perrino, Michela. AU - Vannucchi, Guia. AU - Vicentini, Leonardo. AU - Cantoni, Gianmaria. AU - Dazzi, Davide. AU - Colombo, Carla. AU - Rodari, Marcello. AU - Chiti, Arturo. AU - Beck-Peccoz, Paolo. AU - Fugazzola, Laura. PY - 2009. Y1 - 2009. N2 - The incidence of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is rapidly growing, the recorded increase being mainly related to tumors ≤2 cm. The re-classification of tumors ,1 and ≤2 cm limited to the thyroid from the T2 to the T1 category triggered some concerns about their best management. In order to identify possible predictors of disease outcome, several clinico-pathological features were analyzed by uni- and multivariate analyses in a retrospective consecutive series of 251 PTCs ≤2 cm. Moreover, since 37% of cases were submitted to prophylactic central compartment node dissection (CLND, VI-VII levels) and ...
Multiple studies have shown that papillary microcarcinomas are very low risk and are unlikely to grow and/or spread. As such, there is significant interest in confirming whether or not thyroid surgery can be avoided for at least some people diagnosed with papillary microcarcinoma. The purpose of the study is to provide better understanding of the risk of cancer growth and spread for patients diagnosed with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma to determine whether or not thyroid surgery is needed for such patients. ...
immune Uncategorized Dovitinib Dilactic acid, Rabbit Polyclonal to CEBPD/E Papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) occasionally form multiple tumor foci in various sites of the same thyroid gland. demonstrated a concordant inactivation design Dovitinib Dilactic acid from the X-chromosome. AS-PCR indicated that mutational position between your tumor foci was discordant in three (25%) and concordant in nine (75%) of 12 obtainable situations. Once the total outcomes of the two molecular analyses had been mixed, 28.6% from the cases were discordant in X-chromosome inactivation design and/or mutation, recommending multicentric origin. A number of the remaining concordant situations could be of multicentric origins also. These total outcomes support a hypothesis that multicentric incident in multiple PTCs could be common, possibly higher than 30%. Even though specific system of multicentric incident is normally unclear still, our findings donate to the understanding the histogenesis of papillary thyroid ...
eng] INTRODUCTION: Proliferation and apoptosis are opposing processes by which the cell numbers are kept in a delicate balance, essential for tissue homeostasis, whereas uncontrolled growth of cells is a hallmark of cancer. Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is the commonest type of thyroid cancer, with some PTC following an indolent course, whereas the other ones are more aggressive. AIM: To evaluate respective contribution of proliferation and apoptosis in the tumorigenesis of PTC by automated analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the immunolabeling of phosphorylated histone H3 (pHH3), cyclin D1, active caspase-3, and bcl-2 in thirteen cases each of metastatic PTC, follicular variant of PTC (FVPTC), papillary microcarcinoma (PMC) and well differentiated tumor of uncertain malignant potential (WDT-UMP). FVPTC cases comprised seven encapsulated and six unencapsulated cases. RESULTS: Proliferation, as assessed by pHH3 and cyclin D1 immunolabeling, was increased in all PTC variants, ...
The main nonmedullary form of thyroid cancer is papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) that accounts for 80-90% of all thyroid malignancies. Only 3-10% of PTC
The planning of surgery methods and patient evaluation in the thyroid cancer surgery has been subjected to up to date discussions with the over again description of cytological classification after the development of high-resolution ultrasound and fine needle aspiration biopsy. Papillary carcinomas consist of nearly 85% of all thyroid cancers and of them papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTM) constitute 30-56%. At the late 1980s, PTM defined as the papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC) those are ≤1 cm at the largest diameter. In the international guidelines of thyroid cancer diagnosis and management, PTM and PTC diagnosis are the main factors that effect the surgical method. The management steps of papillary thyroid cancer begin with surgical removing of the primary tumor, the part overspilling from thyroid capsule and affected lymphoid ganglions. The main principle is retaining the morbidity in minimal during surgery with the extent of surgery according with ...
Papillary carcinoma (PTC) is the most common form of well-differentiated thyroid cancer, and the most common form of thyroid cancer to result from exposure to radiation. Papillary carcinoma appears as an irregular solid or cystic mass or nodule in a normal thyroid parenchyma.
Unusual presentation of papillary thyroid carcinoma: about two cases.: The papillary carcinoma is the most common cancer of thyroid but its presentation may be
Background: Inactivation of p16 by methylation of CpG islands is a frequent early event in human cancers, including papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). This study was to observe the methylation status of the p16 gene in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and its correlation with clinical parameters.. Methods: Methylation-specific PCR (MSP) was used to analyze the methylation status of the p16 gene in 74 PTCs and 21 adjacent normal thyroid tissues.. Results: Hypermethylation of p16 gene was observed in 27.0% (20/74) of PTC. None of the normal thyroid tissues was methylated, when compared to the PTCs (p < 0.05). There was no marked relationship between the methylation of p16 gene and the patients′ age, gender, size of cancer, histological subtypes and occurrence of recurrent disease (p > 0.05). The methylation of p16 gene was positively associated with metastasis, a high AMES (age, metastasis to distant sites, extrathyroidal invasion, size) risk group (p < 0.05) and advanced pathological tumor ...
A Germline CHEK2 Mutation in a Family with Papillary Thyroid Cancer. Thyroid. 2020 Feb 11;: Authors: Zhao Y, Yu T, Chen L, Xie D, Wang F, Fu L, Cheng C, Li Y, Zhu X, Miao G Abstract Approximately 5% of all cases of PTC are inherited. However, the susceptibility gene(s) for nonsyndromic familial papillary thyroid carcinoma (FPTC) remain unclear. We performed whole genome sequen...
These images are intended for educational purposes and may be freely used for such as long as the Papanicolaou Society and the Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology is credited ...
Classical papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) is a variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) known to have excellent prognosis. It has a mortality of 0.3%, even in the presence of distance metastasis. The latest American Thyroid Association guidelines state that although lobectomy is acceptable, active surveillance can be considered in the appropriate setting. We present the case of a 37-year-old female with a history of PTMC who underwent surgical management consisting of a total thyroidectomy. Although she has remained disease-free, her quality of life has been greatly affected by the sequelae of this procedure. This case serves as an excellent example of how first-line surgical treatment may result more harmful than the disease itself. ...
Paired box gene 8 (PAX8) is expressed in and indispensable to thyroid development. MiR-144-3p is found dys-regulated in cancers, and it can block the expression of target gens. This study sought to understand the effect of MiR-144-3p in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) as well as the associated mechanisms. Real-time PCR, immunohistochemical and Western blot assays were performed to examine the expression of target miRNA and/or genes. CCK-8 and flow cytometry analysis was used to respectively test cell growth, cell cycle progression and apoptosis. Luciferase reporter assay was performed to find out whether miR-144-3p could bind to the 3′ untranslated region of PAX8 or not. We found that PAX8 decreased in PTC, while miR-144-3p increased in PTC. Over-expression of miR-144-3p promoted the cell viability and cell cycle progression. The expressions of cell-cycle-related genes, cyclin D1, cyclin-dependent kinase 2 and CDC25A were modulated by miR-144-3p. Meanwhile, the presence or absence of miR-144-3p both
TY - JOUR. T1 - Synchronous papillary thyroid carcinoma with mucinous rectal carcinoma. AU - Barreto, S. G.. AU - Shet, T.. AU - Shrikhande, S. V.. AU - Shukla, P. J.. N1 - This article is available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License (CC BY-NC-SA), which permits non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Permission only needs to be obtained for commercial use.. PY - 2009/10/1. Y1 - 2009/10/1. UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=70350279171&partnerID=8YFLogxK. U2 - 10.4103/0377-4929.56122. DO - 10.4103/0377-4929.56122. M3 - Letter. C2 - 19805981. AN - SCOPUS:70350279171. VL - 52. SP - 577. EP - 579. JO - Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology. JF - Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology. SN - 0377-4929. IS - 4. ER - ...
Recently, the rearrangement of RET proto-oncogene has been reported to be the most common genetic change in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). However, its prevalence has been reported variably and its relation to clinical outcome has been controversial. The characteristic nuclear features of PTC ...
I was diagnosed with Eosinophilic Esophagitis and severe food allergies in June of 07 then with thyroid papillary carcinoma in December. Now they want to do Lupus tests and possibly others. I have a lo...
Lymphatic spread is most common in papillary carcinoma. Cervical lymph nodes become palpable in papillary carcinoma even when ... first arbitrarily coined the term "occult papillary carcinoma", in 1960, to describe papillary carcinomas ≤ 1.5 cm in diameter ... of new cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma are papillary microcarcinoma. Management strategies for incidental papillary ... Anaplastic carcinoma spreads mostly by direct spread, while papillary carcinoma spreads so the least. ...
"Papillary Urothelial (Transitional Cell) Carcinoma". Stanford University School of Medicine. Original posting/updates: 10/20/12 ... Zhou, Ming (2018). "High-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, PIN-like carcinoma, ductal carcinoma, and intraductal ... Intraductal carcinoma of the prostate gland (IDCP), which is now categorised as a distinct entity by WHO 2016, includes two ... Intraductal carcinoma of the prostate with an infiltrative growth pattern may be morphologically difficult to distinguish from ...
Papillary thyroid cancer, fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Benign urine cytology sample. Squamous cell carcinoma in the cervix. ...
The WHO has agreed to change the term for the tumors from Encapsulated Follicular Variant of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma to ... Molecular and Histopathologic Characteristics of Multifocal Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma. Am J Surg Pathol. 2013; 37: 1586-1591 ... Comprehensive microRNA expression profiling identifies novel markers in follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma. ... in a child with encapsulated follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma within 6 months of completing treatment for ...
They may appear in papillary thyroid carcinoma. Inclusion body diseases differ from amyloid diseases in that inclusion bodies ...
Various mutations in the MET gene are associated with papillary renal carcinoma. MET proto-oncogene (GeneID: 4233) has a total ... Foretinib has completed a phase 2 clinical trials with indications for papillary renal cell carcinoma, gastric cancer, and head ... Dharmawardana PG, Giubellino A, Bottaro DP (2004). "Hereditary papillary renal carcinoma type I". Curr. Mol. Med. 4 (8): 855-68 ... IL-2 has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma and metastatic ...
Ali M.; Abussa A.; Hashmi H. (2007). "Papillary thyrpid carcinoma formation in a thyroglossal cyst. A case report". Libyan ... These tumors are generally papillary thyroid carcinomas, arising from the ectopic thyroid tissue within the cyst. Thyroglossal ... "Papillary carcinoma arising in a thyroglossal duct cyst". Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. 99 (1): 50-54. doi:10.1177/ ... Approximately 7% of the population has thyroglossal duct remnants Thyroglossal duct carcinoma occurs in approximately 1 to 2% ...
90% of thyroid papillary carcinoma cases are hypervascular. Angiogenesis Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2019. McGraw- ...
"Entrez Gene: PRCC papillary renal cell carcinoma (translocation-associated)". Zbar B, Glenn G, Lubensky I, et al. (1995). " ... In a subset of papillary renal cell carcinomas, a t(X;1)(p11;q21) chromosome translocation has been repeatedly reported and is ... Meloni AM, Dobbs RM, Pontes JE, Sandberg AA (1993). "Translocation (X;1) in papillary renal cell carcinoma. A new cytogenetic ... 2001). "PRCC, the commonest TFE3 fusion partner in papillary renal carcinoma is associated with pre-mRNA splicing factors". ...
The most common type is papillary urothelial carcinoma. Risk factors suggested include prolonged irritations of the urethra due ... Types of urethral cancer include the most common type urothelial carcinoma, and others including squamous cell carcinoma, and ... Other risk factors include squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and genital lichen sclerosus. A study of the National Cancer Database ... 54-65% of cases are of the urothelial carcinoma type. Prolonged irritations of the urethra due to urinary catheterization, ...
... showed upregulation in papillary thyroid carcinoma. Annexin A5 is used as a non-quantitative probe to detect cells ... "Proteomic profiling of follicular and papillary thyroid tumors". European Journal of Endocrinology. 166 (4): 657-67. doi: ...
Another study identified Dock10 as a protein that was overexpressed in some aggressive papillary thyroid carcinomas. GRCh38: ... February 2006). "Gene expression in poorly differentiated papillary thyroid carcinomas". Thyroid. 16 (2): 161-75. doi:10.1089/ ...
It is overexpressed in some thyroid papillary carcinomas. This gene is located in a cluster of zinc finger genes at 3p21. ...
"The role of microRNA genes in papillary thyroid carcinoma". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United ... "Common SNP in pre-miR-146a decreases mature miR expression and predisposes to papillary thyroid carcinoma". Proceedings of the ...
It was found that miR-181a and miR-181c are overexpressed in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma tumors, sufficiently to successfully ... "The role of microRNA genes in papillary thyroid carcinoma". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United ... It has been shown that conserved miR-181 family were upregulated in EpCAM+ AFP+ Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells and EpCAM+ ... Mir-210 has been suggested as a useful biomarker to distinguish adrenocortical carcinoma from adrenocortical adenoma. in ...
"Papillary renal cell carcinoma unresponsive to sunitinib, researchers find". Science Daily. May 28, 2010. Retrieved March 29, ... She then examined the response and survival rates of patients with papillary renal cell carcinoma who were treated with ...
... was upregulated and hypomethylated in papillary thyroid carcinoma. The downregulation of GABRB2 enhanced the apoptotic ... and LAMB3 Transcripts in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma". The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 100 (6): E890-9. ... "Integrated data analysis reveals potential drivers and pathways disrupted by DNA methylation in papillary thyroid carcinomas". ... October 2017). "GABRB2 plays an important role in the lymph node metastasis of papillary thyroid cancer". Biochemical and ...
"Increased type 3 deiodinase expression in papillary thyroid carcinoma". Thyroid. 22 (9): 897-904. doi:10.1089/thy.2012.0031. ... "DLK1-DIO3 genomic imprinted microRNA cluster at 14q32.2 defines a stemlike subtype of hepatocellular carcinoma associated with ...
Follicular carcinoma tends to metastasize to lung and bone via the bloodstream. Papillary thyroid carcinoma commonly ... Thus, follicular thyroid carcinomas seem to arise by two distinct and virtually nonoverlapping molecular pathways. Hurthle cell ... Like follicular carcinoma, unilateral hemithyroidectomy is performed for non-invasive disease, and total thyroidectomy for ... Hurthle cell forms are more likely than follicular carcinomas to be bilateral and multifocal and to metastasize to lymph nodes ...
Papillary thyroid carcinoma is targeted using a polyplex nanoparticle. The core consists of biodegradable poly ... In the case of ovarian clear cell carcinoma, gro-α and its receptor have been found to be overexpressed. This pro-inflammatory ... hormone peptide-conjugated nanoparticle system improves its specificity and efficacy in ovarian clear cell carcinoma in vitro ...
... a novel gene overexpressed in papillary thyroid carcinomas". Oncogene. 21 (33): 5056-68. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1205687. PMID ...
Clear cell carcinoma: loss of 3p Papillary carcinoma: trisomy 7 and 17 Chromophobe carcinoma: hypodiploid with loss of ... Clear cell renal carcinoma: del 9p and del 14q are poor prognostic indicators. Papillary renal cell carcinoma: duplication of ... "Cytogenetic and molecular tumor profiling for type 1 and type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma". Clinical Cancer Research. 15 ( ... Szponar A, Zubakov D, Pawlak J, Jauch A, Kovacs G (2009). "Three genetic developmental stages of papillary renal cell tumors: ...
2009). "Mutation analysis of RAP1 gene in papillary thyroid carcinomas". Endocr. J. 56 (1): 161-4. doi:10.1507/endocrj.k08e-244 ...
... is down-regulated in papillary thyroid carcinoma and two SNPs, with the non-synonymous mutations R86G and N139K, are ... Conditional expression patterns of TMEM171 include decreased expression in papillary thyroid carcinoma, colon cancer, and ... November 2017). "Investigating the mechanisms of papillary thyroid carcinoma using transcriptome analysis". Molecular Medicine ... identified risk SNPs for papillary thyroid carcinoma. TMEM171 is also down-regulated in gastric cancer and colon cancer. More ...
Kim HJ, Chung JK, Hwang do W, Lee DS, Kim S (2008). "In vivo imaging of miR-221 biogenesis in papillary thyroid carcinoma". Mol ... "In vivo imaging of functional targeting of miR-221 in papillary thyroid carcinoma". J Nucl Med. 49 (10): 1686-1693. doi:10.2967 ... both overexpressed in human thyroid papillary carcinomas, regulate p27Kip1 protein levels and cell cycle". Endocr Relat Cancer ... in hepatocellular carcinoma". Mol Biol Rep. 38 (5): 3029-3035. doi:10.1007/s11033-010-9969-5. PMID 20146005. S2CID 24880277. Hu ...
Corvi R, Berger N, Balczon R, Romeo G (2000). "RET/PCM-1: a novel fusion gene in papillary thyroid carcinoma". Oncogene. 19 (37 ...
There are 10 histopathologic types of cervical cancers: Squamous cell carcinoma (keratinizing; non-keratinizing; papillary, ... carcinoma Adenosquamous carcinoma Glassy cell carcinoma Adenoid cystic carcinoma Adenoid basal carcinoma Small cell carcinoma ... Also called carcinoma in situ (CIS). The carcinoma has grown into the cervix, but has not spread beyond it (extension to the ... If the specimen is not satisfactory, a small loop biopsy or cone may be required.[citation needed] The carcinoma is confined to ...
This protein has been linked to breast cancer and papillary thyroid carcinoma. C8orf48 is located on chromosome 8 (8p22) and ... C8orf48 has been found in studies regarding various types of carcinoma. Different C8orf48 expression levels have been found in ... Other studies demonstrate differential expression of Papillary Thyroid cancer and Estrogen Receptor alpha-silenced MCF7 breast ... Papillary Thyroid cancer and Estrogen Receptor alpha-silenced MCF7 breast cancer cells. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ...
... to be reported as possible diagnostic marker of papillary thyroid carcinoma. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000197956 ... binding protein S100A6 in papillary thyroid carcinoma". Thyroid. 20 (10): 1067-76. doi:10.1089/thy.2009.0400. PMID 20629554. ...
Associated with papillary variant of renal cell carcinoma and multiple cutaneous leiomyoma. Defect is in the fumarate hydratase ... malignant carcinoma is still 50 times more likely. Approximately 50% of cases are found in the jejunum, followed by the ileum ...
... papillary ductal carcinoma in situ (PDCIS), encapsulated papillary carcinoma (EPC), solid-papillary carcinoma (SPC), and ... Papillary carcinomas of the breast (PCB), also termed malignant papillary carcinomas of the breast, are rare forms of the ... Morgan S, Dodington D, Wu JM, Turashvili G (2021). "Solid Papillary Carcinoma and Encapsulated Papillary Carcinoma of the ... Rarely, invasive SPC occurs with nearby invasive carcinoma of NST, lobular carcinoma, cribriform carcinoma, or tubular ...
... papillary ependymoma, papillary meningioma, choroid plexus papilloma, and metastatic papillary carcinoma. Papillary tumors ... Papillary Tumors of the Pineal Region are located on the pineal gland which is located in the center of the brain. The pineal ... Papillary tumors of the pineal region (PTPR) were first described by A. Jouvet et al. in 2003 and were introduced in the World ... Papillary tumors of the central nervous system and particularly of the pineal region are very rare and so diagnosing them is ...
... and papillary thyroid carcinoma. A negative CD34 may exclude Ewing's sarcoma/PNET, myofibrosarcoma of the breast, and ...
List of cutaneous conditions Hidradenoma papilliferum Papillary eccrine adenoma List of cutaneous conditions associated with ... ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. Monticciolo NL, Schmidt JD, Morgan MB (2002). "Verrucous carcinoma arising within syringocystadenoma ...
An overall increase in TXA synthase expression has been observed in a variety of cancers, such as papillary thyroid carcinoma, ...
Even rarer neoplasms include sarcoma, squamous cell carcinoma, yolk sac tumor, neuroendocrine carcinoma, paraganglioma, ... When they do occur, they are usually papillary adenomas and cystadenomas. They do not cause elevation of tumour markers, and ...
Aggressive digital papillary adenocarcinoma Mucinous carcinoma Skin lesion James, William D.; Berger, Timothy G.; et al. (2006 ... Primary cutaneous adenoid cystic carcinoma is a cutaneous condition characterized by a tumor that usually presents on the chest ... scalp, or vulva of middle- to older-aged persons.: 670 Primary cutaneous adenoid cystic carcinomas have been misinterpreted as ... "Primary cutaneous adenoid cystic carcinoma". J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. 58 (4): 636-41. doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2007.12.005. PMID ...
... a tumour previously classified as papillary thyroid carcinoma This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title ... one of the Coloured Book protocols Noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features - ...
... basal cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma with follicular differentiation". Int. J. Dermatol. 48 (7): 713-7. doi:10.1111/j ... CD10+ differentiates mucinous cystic neoplasms (CD10+/CK20+) from intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of branch duct type ( ... basal cell carcinoma with follicular differentiation (CD10 stromal and epithelial staining) and squamous cell carcinoma (strong ... Some benign T cells can be CD10+ Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (Clear cell RCC) CD10+ distinguishes renal cell carcinoma, ...
... noninvasive papillary carcinoma) is when long, thin growths extend from the tissue lining the ureter. Stage 0is (carcinoma in ... were transitional cell carcinoma of the papillary type. It has been determined that transitional cell carcinoma is twice as ... Ureteral cancer is usually a transitional cell carcinoma. Transitional cell carcinoma is "a common cause of ureter cancer and ... upper tract urothelial carcinoma). Serious side effects don't seem to be increased by chemotherapy. Advanced ureteral cancer ...
Papillary serous carcinoma, clear cell carcinoma, and endometrioid carcinoma are the subtypes at the highest risk of recurrence ... Mucinous carcinomas must be differentiated from cervical adenocarcinoma. Mixed carcinomas are those that have both Type I and ... Serous carcinomas are thought to develop from endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma. PTEN and p27 loss of function mutations ... Type I carcinomas represent 75-90% of endometrial cancer. Type II endometrial carcinomas usually occur in older, post- ...
... clear cell RCC Papillary RCC Chromophobe RCC Carcinoma of the collecting ducts of Bellini Renal medullary carcinoma Xp11 ... translocation carcinomas Carcinoma associated with neuroblastoma Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma Mixed epithelial ... "GATA3 as a valuable marker to distinguish clear cell papillary renal cell carcinomas from morphologic mimics". Hum Pathol. 66: ... Renal cell carcinoma is the only type of kidney cancer that can be staged. The first step of staging follows the TNM staging ...
670 Mucinous carcinoma List of cutaneous conditions James, William D.; Berger, Timothy G.; et al. (2006). Andrews' Diseases of ... Aggressive digital papillary adenocarcinoma is a cutaneous condition characterized by an aggressive malignancy involving the ...
Karl also underwent radio-active iodine treatment, a painless and simple out-patient treatment, for papillary carcinoma, a ...
In diagnostic immunohistochemistry, the expression of thyroid peroxidase (TPO) is lost in papillary thyroid carcinoma. Ruf J, ... "Immunohistochemical loss of thyroid peroxidase in papillary thyroid carcinoma: strong suppression of peroxidase gene expression ...
Fuhrman grade provides higher prognostic accuracy than nucleolar grade for papillary renal cell carcinoma: T. Klatte, C. ...
Aggressive digital papillary adenocarcinoma (digital papillary adenocarcinoma, papillary adenoma) Apocrine gland carcinoma ... classic basal cell carcinoma) Paget's disease of the breast Papillary eccrine adenoma (tubular apocrine adenoma) Papillary ... primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin, primary small cell carcinoma of the skin, trabecular carcinoma of the skin) ... Microcystic adnexal carcinoma (sclerosing sweat duct carcinoma) Micronodular basal cell carcinoma Milia en plaque Milium Mixed ...
I evidence to recommend its use in the setting of differentiated thyroid cancers such as papillary and follicular carcinomas. ... Squamous cell carcinoma of the thyroid gland is a rare cause of this presentation. ATC is considered an emergency cancer ... Anaplastic thyroid carcinomas, however, are histologically distinct from differentiated thyroid cancers and due to the highly ... There are a number of clinical trials for anaplastic thyroid carcinoma underway or being planned. The overall 5-year survival ...
... in papillary thyroid carcinoma". Thyroid. 21 (7): 745-50. doi:10.1089/thy.2010.0339. PMID 21615302. Doyle LA, Möller E, Dal Cin ... facilitate metastasis and ultimately increased malignancy MUC4 is found to be overexpressed in papillary thyroid carcinoma, and ...
NRAS Thyroid carcinoma, papillary; 188550; GOLGA5 Thyroid carcinoma, papillary; 188550; NCOA4 Thyroid carcinoma, papillary; ... OGG1 Renal cell carcinoma, papillary, 1; 605074; PRCC Renal cell carcinoma, papillary, 1; 605074; TFE3 Renal cell carcinoma, ... 188550; PCM1 Thyroid carcinoma, papillary; 188550; PRKAR1A Thyroid carcinoma, papillary; 188550; TRIM24 Thyroid carcinoma, ... FLCN Renal cell carcinoma; 144700; DIRC2 Renal cell carcinoma; 144700; HNF1A Renal cell carcinoma; 144700; RNF139 Renal cell ...
2018-12-28). "Comparison of Prognosis in Types 1 and 2 Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma and Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma in T1 ... "papillary renal cell carcinoma". www.ebi.ac.uk. Retrieved 2020-04-08. "What Causes Kidney Cancer?". www.cancer.org. Retrieved ... "Hereditary Papillary Renal Carcinoma". Cancer.Net. 2012-06-25. Retrieved 2020-04-08. van de Pol JA, van den Brandt PA, Schouten ... Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) is a malignant, heterogeneous tumor originating from renal tubular epithelial cells of ...
... in some of the thyroid papillary carcinomas. Recent evidence demonstrates that tumors with these various translocations have ...
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) usually presents with abnormal findings on mammography, but can less frequently present with a ... ISBN 978-1-4160-4208-2. Stuart J. Schnitt; Laura C. Collins (2009). "8. Papillary lesions". Biopsy Interpretation of the Breast ... Dust ectasia, with nipple retraction Mastitis in breast Diagram showing ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) Paget's disease of the ...
May 2004). "BRAF(V599E) mutation is the leading genetic event in adult sporadic papillary thyroid carcinomas". The Journal of ... papillary thyroid carcinoma, colorectal cancer, non-small-cell lung cancer, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, Erdheim-Chester ... mutation and outcome of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma: a 15-year median follow-up study". The Journal of Clinical ...
... of the RET proto-oncogene in radiation-induced childhood papillary thyroid carcinoma". Cancer Res. 60 (11): 2786-9. PMID ...
Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma~treatment at eMedicine "Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma". Archived from the original on July 19, 2008. ... Papillary thyroid cancer or papillary thyroid carcinoma is the most common type of thyroid cancer, representing 75 percent to ... "Papillary Carcinomas". Archived from the original on April 19, 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-15. Ip YT, Dias Filho MA, Chan JK ( ... Papillary thyroid carcinoma is usually discovered on routine examination as an asymptomatic thyroid nodule that appears as a ...
Papillary carcinoma appears as an irregular solid or cystic mass or nodule in a normal thyroid parenchyma. ... Papillary carcinoma (PTC) is the most common form of well-differentiated thyroid cancer, and the most common form of thyroid ... encoded search term (Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma) and Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma What to Read Next on Medscape ... Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Differential Diagnoses. Updated: Jun 14, 2022 * Author: Ponnandai S Somasundar, MD, MPH, FACS; ...
Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid is the most common cancer of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located inside the ... Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid is the most common cancer of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is located inside the ... About 85% of all thyroid cancers diagnosed in the United States are the papillary carcinoma type. It is more common in women ... The survival rate for papillary thyroid cancer is excellent. More than 90% of adults with this cancer survive at least 10 to 20 ...
Papillary carcinoma appears as an irregular solid or cystic mass or nodule in a normal thyroid parenchyma. ... Papillary carcinoma (PTC) is the most common form of well-differentiated thyroid cancer, and the most common form of thyroid ... encoded search term (Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma) and Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma What to Read Next on Medscape ... Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Differential Diagnoses. Updated: Jun 14, 2022 * Author: Ponnandai S Somasundar, MD, MPH, FACS; ...
2018-12-28). "Comparison of Prognosis in Types 1 and 2 Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma and Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma in T1 ... "papillary renal cell carcinoma". www.ebi.ac.uk. Retrieved 2020-04-08. "What Causes Kidney Cancer?". www.cancer.org. Retrieved ... "Hereditary Papillary Renal Carcinoma". Cancer.Net. 2012-06-25. Retrieved 2020-04-08. van de Pol JA, van den Brandt PA, Schouten ... Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) is a malignant, heterogeneous tumor originating from renal tubular epithelial cells of ...
... papillary ductal carcinoma in situ (PDCIS), encapsulated papillary carcinoma (EPC), solid-papillary carcinoma (SPC), and ... Papillary carcinomas of the breast (PCB), also termed malignant papillary carcinomas of the breast, are rare forms of the ... Morgan S, Dodington D, Wu JM, Turashvili G (2021). "Solid Papillary Carcinoma and Encapsulated Papillary Carcinoma of the ... Rarely, invasive SPC occurs with nearby invasive carcinoma of NST, lobular carcinoma, cribriform carcinoma, or tubular ...
Papillary carcinoma appears as an irregular solid or cystic mass or nodule in a normal thyroid parenchyma. ... Papillary carcinoma (PTC) is the most common form of well-differentiated thyroid cancer, and the most common form of thyroid ... encoded search term (Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma) and Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma What to Read Next on Medscape ... 31] In the younger population, papillary thyroid carcinoma tends to occur more frequently than follicular carcinoma, with a ...
A new study of the relationship between BRAF V600E mutation status and its effect on papillary thyroid carcinoma found a ... A new study of the relationship between BRAF V600E mutation status and its effect on papillary thyroid carcinoma found a ... eg.(cancer,cancers)(cervical,cervix)!("Squamous cell carcinoma",SCC). will return records where either the words cancer or ... cancers are present, plus the words cervical or cervix, but not the phrase squamous cell carcinoma or SCC.. • order ...
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common subtype of thyroid cancers and informative biomarkers are critical for ... BRAF mutations in papillary thyroid carcinomas inhibit genes involved in iodine metabolism. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. 2007, ... Papillary thyroid carcinoma; histopathology; BRAFV600E; RAS; deep learning; convolutional neural network ... Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common subtype of thyroid cancers and informative biomarkers are critical for ...
In previous studies we showed the downregulation of several miRNAs from the genomic region in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC ... In previous studies we showed the downregulation of several miRNAs from the genomic region in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC ... DLK1-DIO3 Region as a Source of Candidate Tumor Suppressor miRNAs in Papil- Lary Thyroid Carcinoma ...
... and uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC). The p53 tumour suppressor gene is expressed in the majority of cases of UPSC, in ... at clinicopathologic and molecular genetic levels are known to exist between the commonest variety of endometrial carcinoma, ... Uterine Papillary Serous Carcinoma-The KK Hospital Experience. T H Ho, T L W Lim, H S Khoo Tan ... Uterine Papillary Serous Carcinoma-The KK Hospital Experience. T H Ho, T L W Lim, H S Khoo Tan ...
... in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), including classic, follicular variant and micro-carcinoma. Peritumoral benign thyroid ... in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), including classic, follicular variant and micro-carcinoma. Peritumoral benign thyroid ... The value of tumor markers in the diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma alone and in combination. Heng Ma ... papillary thyroid carcinoma, CK19, galectin-3, HBME-1, CD56, claudin-1, NGAL. ...
Detection of BRAF V600E activating mutation in papillary thyroid carcinoma using PCR with allele-specific fluorescent probe ... Detection of BRAF V600E activating mutation in papillary thyroid carcinoma using PCR with allele-specific fluorescent probe ... Detection of BRAF V600E activating mutation in papillary thyroid carcinoma using PCR with allele-specific fluorescent probe ...
Studiul inverted papillary urothelial carcinoma realizeaza pe cazuri medico-legale de moarte subita sau decese de cauza ... Inverted papillary urothelial carcinoma. Regenerative Medicine and Tissue Engineering - Cells and Biomaterials. ... De asemenea desfasor activitate didactica in cadrul inverted papillary urothelial carcinoma de Medicina Legala si Bioetica din ... inverted papillary urothelial carcinoma receptorilor de AT2 se doreste stabilirea gradului de adaptare inverted papillary ...
The incidence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) has been increasing worldwide in recent years. Therefore, novel potential ... From: EZH2 upregulation by ERα induces proliferation and migration of papillary thyroid carcinoma ...
The radical hysterectomy specimen showed a 6 cm × 6 cm high-grade papillary serous carcinoma with vesico-uterine pouch, and ... Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration associated with anti-Yo antibodies in uterine papillary serous carcinoma ... Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration associated with anti-Yo antibodies in uterine papillary serous carcinoma ... Final pathology from biopsy showed a high-grade papillary serous endometrial adenocarcinoma. A baseline serum CA125 level was ...
Papillary carcinoma appears as an irregular solid or cystic mass or nodule in a normal thyroid parenchyma. ... Papillary carcinoma (PTC) is the most common form of well-differentiated thyroid cancer, and the most common form of thyroid ... encoded search term (Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma) and Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma What to Read Next on Medscape ... 31] In the younger population, papillary thyroid carcinoma tends to occur more frequently than follicular carcinoma, with a ...
dkurtycz / Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma - Classic, Liquid Based. Rating (29 votes):. Keywords:. Papillary / Carcinoma, / liquid ...
farukske2021-03-11T13:26:10+01:00March 11, 2021,Categories: Head and Neck pathology, ...
This patient with horseshoe kidney was found to have papillary renal cell carcinoma. Surgery can be tricky with this anatomic ... Papillary renal cell carcinoma in the horseshoe kidney is uncommon. We report a case of papillary renal cell carcinoma in the ... But papillary renal cell carcinoma in the horseshoe kidney is not common.[1] We report a case of papillary renal cell carcinoma ... Renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) are the most common tumors; however, papillary renal cell carcinoma in the horseshoe kidney is ...
title = "Mapping fundamental life elements in papillary thyroid carcinoma tissue",. abstract = "Well-differentiated papillary ... Mapping fundamental life elements in papillary thyroid carcinoma tissue. / Merolle, L.; Ragazzi, M.; Gianoncelli, A. et al. ... Mapping fundamental life elements in papillary thyroid carcinoma tissue. L. Merolle, M. Ragazzi, A. Gianoncelli, M. Altissimo, ... Well-differentiated papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) are the most common type of thyroid cancer. Thyroid function depends on ...
Metastatic papillary serous carcinoma of testis: A rare case. Autor : Kasula, Siddartha. Mallikarjuna, S. Sai. Triveni, B.. ... Papillary serous carcinomas of testis are very rare, and only case reports have been reported in the literature. These ... Kasula Siddartha, Mallikarjuna S. Sai, Triveni B., Sreelakshmi K.. Metastatic papillary serous carcinoma of testis: A rare case ... Serous carcinoma testis. Carcinoma testis. Paratesticular tissue. WHO classification. Radioresistant tumour markers. ...
b) Papillary carcinoma. Code the cancer on I(a) modified by the morphological type (C80) on I(b). Leave line I(b) blank. ... I (a) Carcinoma in lung area C761. Since the morphological type of the term "carcinoma" is C80, code I(a), carcinoma in lung ... Code I(a) secondary carcinoma of stomach preceded with C80. Code I(b) C80 for carcinoma since the term carcinoma is repeated. ... II Carcinoma of colon C189. Code I(a) and I(b) secondary and code primary carcinoma of colon in Part II since this is the only ...
Despite papillary renal cell carcinoma (pRCC) being the second most common type of kidney cancer, the underlying molecular ... From: Identification of immunization-related new prognostic biomarkers for papillary renal cell carcinoma by integrated ...
Papilloma papillary carcinoma bladder. Treating Bladder Cancer at Loyola Medicine hpv as?s? gardasil fiyat?. ... Histopathology Bladder --Urothelial carcinoma Grade I papiloma humano se transmite por transfusion de sangre. ... Papillary thyroid cancer reddit dysbiosis recovery time, papilloma virus labbra sintomi suc detoxifiere ficat. ... Meth- Areas with squamous metaplasia and in situ carcinoma were also present. Studiul histopatologic al adenomului pleiomorf de ...
Papillary thyroid carcinoma genetic susceptibility factors in children exposed to radioiodine from Chernobyl fallout ... We further pursued genetic determinants associated with individual susceptibility to radiation-related thyroid carcinoma (TC) ... Background: Statistically significant associations between papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and specific common single nucleotide ...
Histologic Specimen of Papillary Carcinoma (Courtesy of Dr. J. Irish). ...
Tag Archives: Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma. Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma with an Isolated Adrenal Metastasis ...
... squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma or small-cell carcinoma, and most commonly ... The sarcomatoid areas may merge with foci of urothelial carcinoma , ... What Is Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma. Papillary renal cell carcinoma, or PRCC, is a type of kidney cancer. The kidneys work ... Dont Miss: What Is Papillary Urothelial Carcinoma Noninvasive Papillary Urothelial Carcinoma High Grade. Editorial Board ...
... papillary renal cell carcinoma Week 555: Case 3. Diagnosis: Clear cell carcinomacollision tumorpapillary renal cell carcinoma ... Diagnosis: papillary renal cell carcinomatype 2 Week 186: Case 2. Diagnosis: papillary renal cell carcinoma Week 164: Case 4. ... Diagnosis: papillary renal cell carcinomasolid variant Week 380: Case 2. Diagnosis: papillary renal cell carcinomasolid type ... Diagnosis: papillary renal cell carcinoma Week 493: Case 1. Diagnosis: papillary renal cell carcinomasolid variant Week 402: ...
  • Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) is a malignant, heterogeneous tumor originating from renal tubular epithelial cells of the kidney, which comprises approximately 10-15% of all kidney neoplasms. (wikipedia.org)
  • When compared to conventional clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC), the prognosis of non-metastatic PRCC is more favorable, whereas a relatively worse outcome was reported in patients with metastatic disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Type 1 PRCC, also known as a renal tumor caused by a genetic predisposition of hereditary papillary renal cancer syndrome, compromises approximately 25% of all PRCCs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Accounting for 25% of PRCCs, type 2 PRCC is the pathological subtype that is most commonly associated with hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma (HLRCC) syndrome. (wikipedia.org)
  • Regarding hereditary conditions, patients with hereditary papillary renal cancer syndrome showed a greater risk of type 1 PRCC, whereas those with hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) syndrome have an increased risk of type 2 PRCC. (wikipedia.org)
  • We report a case of papillary renal cell carcinoma in the horseshoe kidney and discuss its incidence, diagnosis, and treatment. (medscape.com)
  • Cite this: Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma in the Horseshoe Kidney - Medscape - Dec 01, 2010. (medscape.com)
  • In general, type 2 papillary renal cell carcinoma has a poorer prognosis than type 1. (healthyskinworld.com)
  • Kidney cancers are commonly referred to as renal cell carcinomas-RCC. (healthdoc13.com)
  • In terms of sub-types of kidney cancer, clear cell RCC is the most common form, accounting for about 70% of those with renal cell carcinoma. (healthdoc13.com)
  • When seen under a microscope, the cells that make up clear cell renal cell carcinoma look very pale or clear. (healthdoc13.com)
  • Papillary urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis - adakindergarten. (chiclashes.ro)
  • Clear cell papillary renal cell carcinoma (CCP-RCC) is a recently recognized tumor that shares morphologic features of both clear cell renal cell carcinoma and papillary renal cell carcinoma but behaves in a more indolent fashion. (uab.edu)
  • Some cases were genetically similar to clear cell renal cell carcinoma. (uab.edu)
  • Obese individuals are at increased risk for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) compared with those of normal weight, a recent study suggests. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Around 90% of people with kidney cancer will have renal cell carcinoma. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • There are several types of renal cell carcinoma. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This is the most common type, accounting for 70-75% of renal cell carcinomas. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Around 10% of renal cell carcinomas are of this type. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Of these three types, clear cell carcinoma has the worst prognosis, and chromophobe renal cell carcinoma the best, with only 7% of cases going on to affect more distant parts of the body. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • NR1B2 suppress kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) progression by regulation of LATS 1/2-YAP signaling. (shengsci.com)
  • Systemic treatment of advanced papillary renal cell carcinoma: Where next? (crick.ac.uk)
  • Invited discussant David A. Braun, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, said there are a couple of established pillars of systemic therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). (ascopost.com)
  • Cabozantinib achieved a statistically significant and clinically meaningful extension in progression-free survival compared with sunitinib in patients with metastatic papillary renal cell carcinoma, a. (ascopost.com)
  • Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses key abstracts discussed at this year's meeting on renal cell carcinoma and offers her views on the latest trends and findings (Abstracts. (ascopost.com)
  • Atypical presentation of renal medullary carcinoma: A case report and review of the literature. (khcc.jo)
  • About 15% of people with kidney cancer have papillary renal cell carcinoma , or PRCC. (cancer.gov)
  • European Association of Urology Guidelines on Renal Cell Carcinoma: The 2019 Update. (springer.com)
  • Comparison of contrast-enhanced multiphase renal protocol CT versus MRI for diagnosis of papillary renal cell carcinoma. (springer.com)
  • This research study is investigating a drug as a possible treatment for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • LZTS2: A novel and independent prognostic biomarker for clear cell renal cell carcinoma. (ucsf.edu)
  • Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma With Microcystic Architecture Is Strongly Associated With Extrarenal Invasion and Metastatic Disease. (ucsf.edu)
  • Chen CV, Croom NA, Simko JP, Stohr BA, Chan E. Differential immunohistochemical and molecular profiling of conventional and aggressive components of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma: pitfalls for diagnosis. (ucsf.edu)
  • At the National Cancer Institute (NCI), in the 1980s, they found that loss of the short arm of chromosome 3 was associated with clear cell renal cell carcinoma. (urotoday.com)
  • There is no evidence of increased risk of renal cell carcinoma in patients with ADPKD. (appliedradiology.com)
  • Study included a large, contemporary cohort of patients with T1a renal cell carcinoma undergoing partial nephrectomy or local tumor destruction. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Investigators report a cumulative 10-year incidence of end-stage kidney disease of 2.5% among patients who undergo surgery for renal cell carcinoma (RCC), which is 10 times higher than in patients without RCC. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Cytoreductive partial nephrectomy and robotic radiosurgery appear to have a place in the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma, research findings suggest. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • An interim analysis suggests that axitinib given to patients with complex clear cell renal cell carcinoma tumors significantly reduces tumor size and complexity. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • Immune checkpoint inhibitors may be more beneficial than tyrosine kinase inhibitors for patients undergoing cytoreductive nephrectomy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • This is a 65 year old male with possible transitional cell carcinoma of the left renal pelvis detected on IVP. (uab.edu)
  • Hematuria is common, and these tumors usually present earlier than renal cell carcinomas. (uab.edu)
  • Transitional cell carcinoma is readily differentiated from renal calculi on CT images since its numbers are much less than even radiolucent calculi (150-200H). (uab.edu)
  • Activitatea de medic rezident legist presupune pregatirea corespunzatoare pentru a dobandi competenta in a obiectiva si a evalua, in orice speta juridica, aspectele medicale ce privesc omul in viata sau decedat si sa le prezinte pintr-un suport probatoriu stiintific expertal inverted papillary urothelial carcinoma indrumarea unui medic cu drept de libera practica. (malaimare.ro)
  • De asemenea desfasor activitate didactica in cadrul inverted papillary urothelial carcinoma de Medicina Legala si Bioetica din luna februarie unde am atributii in sustinerea lucrarilor practice si participarea la examinarea studentilor sub indrumarea cadrelor didactice. (malaimare.ro)
  • Coreland datarea histologica deja cunoscuta a leziunilor de infarct, de diferite varste, cu cu expresia semicantitativa inverted papillary urothelial carcinoma receptorilor de AT2 se doreste stabilirea gradului de adaptare inverted papillary urothelial carcinoma miocitelor restante, si capacitatea lor de adaptare. (malaimare.ro)
  • Studiul inverted papillary urothelial carcinoma realizeaza pe cazuri medico-legale de moarte subita sau decese de cauza necunoscuta la persoane tinere sub 50 de ani fara tratament cardio-vascular cunoscut. (malaimare.ro)
  • The sarcomatoid areas may merge with foci of urothelial carcinoma , squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma or small-cell carcinoma, and most commonly resemble a high-grade sarcoma, not otherwise specified, or have a malignant fibrous histiocytoma histology. (healthyskinworld.com)
  • In the absence of an obvious invasive carcinoma , in a primarily malignant spindle cell tumor of the bladder, history of prior urothelial neoplasia, coexistence of in situ disease such as urothelial carcinoma in situ or strong and relatively diffuse cytokeratin immunoreactivity is helpful in making the diagnosis of sarcomatoid carcinoma over a primary sarcoma. (healthyskinworld.com)
  • Urothelial carcinoma and high-grade spindle cell morphology of sarcomatoid component. (healthyskinworld.com)
  • Histopathology Bladder --Urothelial carcinoma Grade I virus papiloma humano genotipo 56 Papillomavirus zoonose secretia din cancerul de endometru, come eliminare papilloma virus uomo cervical cancer k lakshan. (chiclashes.ro)
  • Urothelial Carcinoma hpv contagieux papillary urothelial definition vie Si as mai vrea sa stiu papillary urothelial mean cei care au urmat si tratamentul radiologic, care sunt efectele rele, cum se simt persoanele dupa aceste radiatii. (chiclashes.ro)
  • Endometrial cancer genetics Papillary urothelial neoplasm of low malignant potential histology Histopathology Bladder --Urothelial carcinoma Grade I papiloma de boca en boca Oxiuros adulto hpv and cervical papillary urothelial definition achievements in prevention and future tratament papilom esofagian, testicular cancer is curable hpv virus ockovanie. (chiclashes.ro)
  • The aim of this papillary urothelial definition was to assess the diagnosis and endoscopic treatment papillary urothelial definition of these papillary urothelial carcinoma with squamous metaplasia. (chiclashes.ro)
  • Papillary urothelial mean grade papillary urothelial carcinoma Grade 3 TCC papilloma virus nei bambini Carcinom papilar non-invaziv: tumora este localizata in straturile de Celulele epiteliale ajuta la protejarea organelor. (chiclashes.ro)
  • If either a papillary or flat tumor grows into deeper layers of the bladder, itâs called an invasive urothelial carcinoma. (healthyskinworld.com)
  • Histopathological examination revealed the presence of noninvasive high-grade urothelial carcinoma (Figure, C and D). (mayoclinicproceedings.org)
  • Enfortumab vedotin-ejfv continues to move the needle forward as a validated treatment option for advanced urothelial carcinoma. (ascopost.com)
  • TROP2 Expression Across Molecular Subtypes of Urothelial Carcinoma and Enfortumab Vedotin-resistant Cells. (ucsf.edu)
  • Condyloma acuminata labor hpv light therapy, papillary urothelial carcinoma anthelmintic simple definition. (etigararunway.ro)
  • A study by Spencer concluded that in patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis, thyroglobulin autoantibody trends may be used as a surrogate differentiated thyroid carcinoma tumor marker and they are superior to thyroglobulin immunometric assay findings, provided that the same method is used. (medscape.com)
  • 2014). Original paperThe value of tumor markers in the diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma alone and in combination. (termedia.pl)
  • Benign cancer and malignant tumor kako leciti hpv infekciju, cancer pulmonar en ninos the human papilloma virus (hpv). (directorulweb.ro)
  • Of the 217 patients 172 underwent total or partial cystectomy and 45 (21 per cent, 37 with stage T2, 7 with stage T3a and 1 with stage T4 disease) did not because re-staging showed no residual tumor (stage T0) in 20, carcinoma in situ in 17, stage T1 tumor in 4 and local stage T2 cancer in 4. (nih.gov)
  • Re-staging in the 4 patients who died showed stage T0 disease in 2, carcinoma in situ in 1 and stage T2 tumor in 1. (nih.gov)
  • CONCLUSIONS: The development of intratumoral lymphatics in well-differentiated papillary thyroid carcinoma appears to be associated with the spread of tumor to regional lymph nodes. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Of the cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma, a significant proportion of which (23%) are microcarcinoma (≤1 cm), a tumor usually found incidentally and rarely causes clinical symptoms. (thetrp.net)
  • may require additional tissue samples include mucin-producing lesions, potential phyllodes tumor, papillary lesions, radial scars, or other histologies of concern to the pathologist. (jnccn.org)
  • abstract: UNLABELLED:In order to evaluate the influence of time intervals between tumor cell injection and radiotherapy on tumor control and regrowth after surgery, we performed two kinds of experiments on C3D2F1 mice bearing a mammary carcinoma inoculated in the foot or leg. (shengsci.com)
  • basal cell carcinoma the most common form of skin cancer, consisting of an epithelial tumor of the skin originating from neoplastic differentiation of basal cells , rarely metastatic but locally invasive and aggressive. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • giant cell carcinoma a poorly differentiated, highly malignant, epithelial neoplasm containing many large multinucleated tumor cells, such as occurs in the lungs. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Hürthle cell carcinoma a malignant Hürthle cell tumor . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Papillary carcinoma is the most common form of thyroid tumor. (aao.org)
  • Anaplastic carcinoma, though rare, is the most malignant tumor of the thyroid gland and is found mainly in patients older than 60 years. (aao.org)
  • Combined assessment of tumor cell nest size and desmoplastic reaction as an excellent prognostic predictor in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. (amedeo.com)
  • Central nodal metastases in papillary thyroid carcinoma based on tumor histologic type and focality. (ohsu.edu)
  • In general, the papillary tumor is diagnosed first, and CIS is discovered during the evaluation and treatment of the papillary tumor. (medscape.com)
  • The imprinted H19 gene as a tumor marker in bladder carcinoma. (nih.gov)
  • An unusual composite endometrial tumor combining papillary serous carcinoma and small cell carcinoma. (nih.gov)
  • Zhao C, Wu LSF, Barner R. Pathogenesis of Ovarian Clear Cell Adenofibroma, Atypical Proliferative (Borderline) Tumor, and Carcinoma: Clinicopathologic Features of Tumors with Endometriosis or Adenofibromatous Components Support Two Related Pathways of Tumor Development. (jcancer.org)
  • 40 , 41 , 59 Type I tumors are generally low-grade and include low-grade serous carcinoma, endometrioid carcinoma, mucinous carcinoma, and malignant Brenner tumor. (jcancer.org)
  • Today's approval of this indication for KEYTRUDA introduces a new option, which has shown a superior survival benefit compared to FU and cisplatin alone, for newly diagnosed patients with locally advanced or metastatic esophageal or GEJ carcinoma that is not amenable to surgical resection or definitive chemoradiation, regardless of PD-L1 expression status and tumor histology. (businesswire.com)
  • notably, breast precancerous lesions mainly include atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), ductal carcinoma, and papillary tumor, which resulted in approximately 50% probability of breast cancer occurrence [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Compared with type I, papillary RCC type II more frequently carries unfavorable tumor characteristics. (renalandurologynews.com)
  • The World Health Organization (2019) classified papillary neoplasms (i.e. benign or cancerous tumors) of the breast into 5 types: intraductal papilloma, papillary ductal carcinoma in situ (PDCIS), encapsulated papillary carcinoma (EPC), solid-papillary carcinoma (SPC), and invasive papillary carcinoma (IPC). (wikipedia.org)
  • The identification of PBS tumors may require the input of breast pathologists familiar with papillary lesions of the breast. (wikipedia.org)
  • PDCIS tumors may occur alongside of (non-papillary) ductal carcinoma in situ or EPC tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Papillary tumors have a propensity to invade lymphatics but are less likely to invade blood vessels. (medscape.com)
  • Papillary tumors often grow toward the center of the bladder without growing into the deeper bladder layers. (healthyskinworld.com)
  • These tumors are called non-invasive papillary cancers. (healthyskinworld.com)
  • Serous carcinomas of the testis or para-testis are extremely rare tumors of Mullerian type. (austin.org.au)
  • In addition to papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), recent studies revealed incidence of RET/PTC rearrangement in other tumors, like Hürthle cell carcinoma (HCC) and even in non-carcinomatous disorders like Hashimoto's thyroiditis. (iranpath.org)
  • Virtually all tumors of the thyroid gland arise from glandular cells and are, therefore, adenomas or carcinomas. (aao.org)
  • GATA3 expression in estrogen receptor alpha-negative endometrial carcinomas identifies aggressive tumors with high proliferation and poor patient survival. (uib.no)
  • Researchers further state that, "The great majority of the tumors remain small and circumscribed and even from those few tumors that grow larger and become invasive OPCs only a minimal proportion will ever become a clinical carcinoma" (6, p. 531). (greenmedinfo.com)
  • The architecture of the former tumors was more commonly papillary compared to tubulocystic in the latter (p=0.0006). (jcancer.org)
  • Thoracic radiographs should always be performed prior to surgical resection of gastric tumors because up to 30% of dogs with gastric carcinoma can have visible metastatic lung lesions on initial presentation. (vin.com)
  • The approval was based on data from KEYNOTE-590 ( ClinicalTrials.gov , NCT03189719 ), a multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled trial that enrolled 749 patients with metastatic or locally advanced esophageal or GEJ (tumors with epicenter 1 to 5 centimeters above the GEJ) carcinoma who were not candidates for surgical resection or definitive chemoradiation. (businesswire.com)
  • Cytokeratin 7 in Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: A Junctional Biomarker for Human Papillomavirus-Related Tumors. (tcd.ie)
  • Most transitional cell tumors have a papillary growth pattern and are attched to the mucosa by a stalk. (uab.edu)
  • Non-papillary tumors are flat or nodular and usually agressive. (uab.edu)
  • A radiation-induced gene signature distinguishes post-Chernobyl from sporadic papillary thyroid cancers. (medscape.com)
  • About 85% of all thyroid cancers diagnosed in the United States are the papillary carcinoma type. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Papillary carcinomas of the breast (PCB), also termed malignant papillary carcinomas of the breast, are rare forms of the breast cancers. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are a clinically, histologically, and biologically heterogeneous group of breast cancers that are often difficult to distinguish from each other as well as from other papillary breast lesions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Of patients with papillary cancers, about 11% present with metastases outside the neck and mediastinum. (medscape.com)
  • Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common subtype of thyroid cancers and informative biomarkers are critical for risk stratification and treatment guidance. (mdpi.com)
  • More than 90% of bladder cancers are transitional cell carcinomas derived from the uroepithelium. (healthyskinworld.com)
  • Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) accounts for 85% of thyroid cancers, representing the most common thyroid cancer and the seventh most common cancer in females. (panafrican-med-journal.com)
  • Familial Nonmedullary Thyroid Carcinoma (FNMTC) makes up to 5-10% of all thyroid cancers, also including those FNMTC occurring as a minor component of familial cancer syndromes, such as Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP). (fapvoice.com)
  • La présente étude a estimé les fréquences relatives du cancer de la cavité buccale et du pharynx chez des patients yéménites atteints de cancers enregistrés en 2007 et 2008. (who.int)
  • However, thyroid cancers, as the most common type of endocrine malignancies with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) considered the most prevalent one, had miscellaneous results regarding the involvement of DLNs and their predictive value [ 10 ], especially when considering level IV central LN dissection. (biomedcentral.com)
  • T he main portion of the thyroid gland consists of follicular epithelial cells derived from endoderm, which produce thyroid hormone and are origins of papillary and follicular cancers. (iranpath.org)
  • Most of these thyroid cancers are being re-classified as benign morphological variations, or papillary lesions of indolent course (PLICs), "which do not evolve to cause metastatic disease or death" (4). (greenmedinfo.com)
  • According to Brito and colleagues (2014), the majority of these growths constitute the most indolent type of thyroid cancer, called small papillary cancers, with a mortality of less than 1% after 20 years of post-surgical follow-up (4). (greenmedinfo.com)
  • In contrast, approximately 90% of thyroid cancers are differentiated thyroid cancers, including papillary and follicular carcinomas. (news-medical.net)
  • Other uncommon types of breast cancers include papillary carcinomas and tubular carcinomas. (home-remedies-for-you.com)
  • Prevalence of Postoperatively-Detected High-Risk Features in 2-4cm Papillary Thyroid Cancers. (amedeo.com)
  • Mutations in this gene, most commonly the V600E mutation, are the most frequently identified cancer-causing mutations in melanoma, and have been identified in various other cancers as well, including non-Hodgkin lymphoma, colorectal cancer, thyroid carcinoma, non-small cell lung carcinoma, hairy cell leukemia and adenocarcinoma of lung. (nih.gov)
  • However, incidence of differentiated thyroid cancers such as papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) increased, particularly since the 1980s. (rgare.com)
  • The World Health Organization regarded solid papillary carcinoma as having two subtypes: in situ and invasive SPC. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is the most common type of ductal carcinoma in situ diagnosed in men. (wikipedia.org)
  • Separate categories are provided in ICD-10 for coding malignant primary and secondary neoplasms (C00-C96), carcinoma in situ (D00-D09), benign neoplasms (D10-D36), and neoplasms of uncertain or unknown behavior (D37-D48). (cdc.gov)
  • Meth- Areas with squamous metaplasia and in situ carcinoma were also present. (directorulweb.ro)
  • It is no longer recommended to use urine cytology in the initial evaluation of patients with microscopic hematuria unless the patient has risk factors for carcinoma in situ (CIS). (medscape.com)
  • For example, as a breast cancer surgeon, I deal all the time with a disease entity known as ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). (scienceblogs.com)
  • Interstitial cell tumour and germ cell tumour with carcinoma in situ in rabbit testes. (rabbit.org)
  • Morphological hallmarks of carcinoma in situ, which have not been reported previously for the rabbit, were observed in association with the seminoma. (rabbit.org)
  • These observations indicate that carcinoma in situ, preceding a seminoma-like tumour, occurs in the rabbit and that the rabbit may serve as a practically useful animal model for studying testicular germ cell neoplasia. (rabbit.org)
  • Papillary urothelial malignant O que e oxiurose e como tratar Tumorile vezicale - Papillary urothelial malignant Papillary urothelial lesion Carcinomul prost prostatic adenom - Papillary urothelial bladder cancer Papillary urothelial survival rate Papillary urothelial survival rate - expert-evaluator-de-risc. (chiclashes.ro)
  • FNA done, it revealed huge asymmetrical nodular thyroid enlargement ,the aspirate reveal cellular cluster of malignant follicular cells with extremely low cytomorphological nuclear grade with papillary configuration ,obvious nuclear criteria consistent with malignant right papillary thyroid carcinoma, immunohistochemistry done thyroglobulin stain and CK 19 were positive. (symbiosisonlinepublishing.com)
  • Very low-grade , non-invasive papillary cancer is sometimes called papillary urothelial neoplasm of low-malignant potential and tends to have a very good outcome. (healthyskinworld.com)
  • Thyroid carcinoma comprises 1% of all malignancies but is the commonest malignant endocrine tumour. (health.am)
  • Before becoming invasive carcinomas, the malignant transformation is reversible and can be blocked or reversed by specific drug intervention. (hindawi.com)
  • Final pathology from biopsy showed a high-grade papillary serous endometrial adenocarcinoma. (bmj.com)
  • Bladder Papillary urothelial definition - Pathology mini tutorial detoxifierea organismului cu suc de lamaie Oxiurose causa da doenca 3 exemple de ciuperci comestibile, hpv vaccino nonavalente costo hpv papillary urothelial mean flare up. (chiclashes.ro)
  • Pathology report confirmed classic (conventional) papillary thyroid carcinoma with vascular and lymphatic invasion and presence of extra thyroidal extension. (scholars.direct)
  • Pathology showed a metaplastic carcinoma without continuity with either anatomic breast. (medscape.com)
  • Comparative pathology of endometrial carcinoma. (rabbit.org)
  • Abstract: A review is given of the comparative pathology of endometrial carcinomas regarding the incidence, the morphology, and the relation with endometrial hyperplasia. (rabbit.org)
  • [ 13 ] The BRAF V600E mutation is associated with aggressive clinicopathological characteristics of papillary thyroid carcinoma, including lymph node metastasis, extrathyroidal invasion, and loss of radioiodine avidity, which may lead to failure of radioiodine treatment and disease recurrence. (medscape.com)
  • Brain metastasis from papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is extremely rare and carries a poor prognosis. (houstonmethodist.org)
  • Insular thyroid carcinoma has a high incidence of metastasis, recurrence, mortality and poor prognosis. (symbiosisonlinepublishing.com)
  • Initial ultrasonography and fine needle aspiration cytology from the right thyroid nodule confirmed papillary carcinoma of thyroid Bethesda type 6 and fine needle aspiration cytology from the right mid jugular lymph node proved metastasis from the primary. (scholars.direct)
  • Histopathology confirmed classic papillary thyroid carcinoma with metastasis and caseating granulomatous inflammation in a section of thyroid and few lymph nodes. (scholars.direct)
  • Papillary thyroid carcinoma is the most common thyroid cancer and the standard of care has already been decided based on tumour site, size, lymph node and distant metastasis [ 3 ]. (scholars.direct)
  • Before referral she was evaluated in a private clinic with ultrasonography and FNAC from the right thyroid nodule and right mid jugular lymph node which confirmed papillary thyroid carcinoma and metastasis. (scholars.direct)
  • With the diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma, metastasis and caseating granulomatous inflammation, infectious medicine was consulted. (scholars.direct)
  • abstract = "The MAPK signaling pathway plays a crucial role in tumorgenesis and cell proliferation in human papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). (elsevier.com)
  • Abstract: Esophageal carcinomas were induced in three of five rabbits given 0.25% N-methylbenzylamine and 0.16% NaNO2 in their drinking water. (rabbit.org)
  • Differential Clinicopathological Risk and Prognosis of Major Papillary Thyroid Cancer Variants. (medscape.com)
  • American Thyroid Association Guidelines on the Management of Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Task Force Review and Recommendation on the Proposed Renaming of Encapsulated Follicular Variant Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Without Invasion to Noninvasive Follicular Thyroid Neoplasm with Papillary-Like Nuclear Features. (medscape.com)
  • Higher rate of BRAF mutation in papillary thyroid cancer over time: a single-institution study. (medscape.com)
  • Association between BRAF V600E mutation and mortality in patients with papillary thyroid cancer. (medscape.com)
  • Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid is the most common cancer of the thyroid gland. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The survival rate for papillary thyroid cancer is excellent. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common form of well-differentiated thyroid cancer, and the most common form of thyroid cancer to result from exposure to radiation. (medscape.com)
  • Some years ago, lymph node metastases in the cervical area were thought to be aberrant (supernumerary) thyroids because they contained well-differentiated papillary thyroid cancer, but occult cervical lymph node metastases are now known to be a common finding in this disease. (medscape.com)
  • A single-institution study by Mathur et al reported increasing rates of BRAF V600E mutations in papillary thyroid cancer from 1991 to 2005, suggesting that this may be contributing to the rise in thyroid cancer rates. (medscape.com)
  • Well-differentiated papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs) are the most common type of thyroid cancer. (elsevier.com)
  • Virus del papiloma humano imagenes en la mujer cadth hpv testing for primary cervical cancer screening, gaz lampant pentru viermi intestinali cancer hormonal de pecho. (directorulweb.ro)
  • Papillary thyroid cancer reddit dysbiosis recovery time, papilloma virus labbra sintomi suc detoxifiere ficat. (directorulweb.ro)
  • Earlier treatment with radiation therapy and intravesical cyclophosphamide chemotherapy has been associated with sarcomatoid carcinoma, as also with external beam radiation for prostate cancer. (healthyskinworld.com)
  • Background: Statistically significant associations between papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and specific common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in MGMT (rs2296675), promotor region of FOXE1 (rs1867277) and ATM (rs1801516) genes were reported in Belarusian children exposed to Iodine-131 (131I) after the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident. (who.int)
  • Papillary thyroid cancer with extrathyroidal extension of desmoid-type fibromatosis. (autopsyandcasereports.org)
  • Laryngeal papillomatosis treatment guidelines papilloma virus vaccino uomini, squamous cell carcinoma sinonasal papilloma sarcoma cancer abdomen. (chiclashes.ro)
  • Papillary urothelial mean la femei uterine cancer type 2, warts on your hands and feet cancer bucal edad. (chiclashes.ro)
  • Bladder Cancer: The Basics papillary urothelial definition Johns Hopkins Greenberg Bladder Cancer Institute hpv tumore gola Endometrial cancer types cancerul papillary urothelial definition factori de risc, cancerul mamar san simptome human papillomavirus infection bladder. (chiclashes.ro)
  • Gastric cancer emr papillary urothelial mean cause skin cancer, program de detoxifiere cancer hpv impfung vertraglichkeit ossos tem cura. (chiclashes.ro)
  • Here, we report a case of poorly differentiated invasive insular variant of papillary thyroid cancer. (symbiosisonlinepublishing.com)
  • Insular thyroid carcinoma is a rare entity of papillary cancer. (symbiosisonlinepublishing.com)
  • Insular thyroid carcinoma is a rare subtype of papillary carcinoma which is a part of thyroid follicular epithelial derived cancer. (symbiosisonlinepublishing.com)
  • Invasive encapsulated follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma (IEFVPTC) is a type of thyroid cancer. (mypathologyreport.ca)
  • Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) coexistent with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is of rare occurrence. (panafrican-med-journal.com)
  • RÉSUMÉ Des études en milieu hospitalier ont révélé des fréquences relatives très élevées du cancer oropharyngé au Yémen. (who.int)
  • In papillary thyroid cancer patients, the extent of dissection is still a matter of debate. (biomedcentral.com)
  • We conducted this cross-sectional study among surgical cases of papillary thyroid cancer. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this report, a case with papillary thyroid cancer after radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy for toxic thyroid nodule is presented. (journalmc.org)
  • We aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological features and biological behaviors of Korean thyroid cancer patients with rare variants of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) to address the ambiguity regarding the prognostic consequences of these variants. (e-enm.org)
  • The most usual form of the endocrine carcinoma is thyroid cancer (TC). (iranpath.org)
  • This study explores the role of AXL and its ligand PROS1 in the generation and biological behaviour of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Notably, BGB324 (also known as R428), a small molecule inhibitor of AXL, has exhibited significant inhibitory effects on tumour proliferation and migration in various cell lines, including squamous cell carcinoma, head and neck cancer, and breast cancer cells. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Thyroid nodules located in isthmus were found less prevalent, although papillary thyroid cancer in this location was reported to be more aggressive behaviour in some studies. (scielo.br)
  • A form of cancer , carcinoma makes up the majority of the cases of malignancy of the breast, uterus, intestinal tract, skin, and tongue. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Follicular Variant Papillary Cancer-Some Variants are now Reclassified as "Vanishing Thyroid Cancer" Syndrome (Non-Invasive Follicular Thyroid Neoplasm with Papillary-Like Nuclear Features=NIFTP)! (novapublishers.com)
  • Four years ago I had papillary thyroid cancer with local spread to lymph nodes. (medhelp.org)
  • Patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) who are carriers of the BRAF V600E mutation may have worse mortality, researchers found. (health.am)
  • Most patients with CIS have coexisting papillary cancer. (medscape.com)
  • Characteristics, management, and outcome of squamous carcinoma of the conjunctiva in a single tertiary cancer center in Jordan. (khcc.jo)
  • His rant about the reclassification of a non-encapsulated follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer as not cancer is more of the same, as you will see. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Thyroid cancer is classified into the following types: differentiated thyroid cancer and anaplastic thyroid cancer arising from follicular epithelial cells and medullary carcinoma arising from parafollicular cells. (news-medical.net)
  • Analysis of delayed surgery and clinical outcomes in intermediate- and high-risk papillary thyroid cancer. (amedeo.com)
  • Prevalence of Subclinical Papillary Thyroid Cancer by Age: Meta-analysis of Autopsy Studies. (amedeo.com)
  • Radioactive iodine therapy does not improve cancer-specific survival in Hurthle cell carcinoma of the thyroid. (amedeo.com)
  • Classical papillary thyroid cancer is the fastest rising type of thyroid cancer and is generally slow growing with an excellent prognosis. (thyroid.org)
  • Cervarix no protege de las enfermedades causadas por la infección por los tipos 16 ó 18 del VPH si en el momento de la vacunación los sujetos ya están infectados por los tipos 16 ó 18 del Virus del Papiloma Cancer de prostata articulos cientificos. (etigararunway.ro)
  • Donde se encuentran los oxiuros papiloma humano mujeres causas, papillary thyroid cancer spread to lymph nodes prognosis virus papiloma humano de bajo riesgo. (etigararunway.ro)
  • for certain kinds of thyroid cancer (particularly papillary or follicular thyroid cancer). (wikidoc.org)
  • Therefore, the goals of our study were 3-fold: (1) establish the "at-risk" population of patients with T1HG bladder cancer and determine the subset of these patients receiving RC, (2) determine factors associated with patients receiving RC versus bladder-sparing procedures, and (3) describe the pathologic and oncologic outcomes associated with RC for T1HG bladder carcinoma as they relate to overall survival. (jnccn.org)
  • Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is the most common gynecologic cancer [ 2 ] and the sixth most commonly diagnosed cancer in women worldwide [ 3 ]. (portlandpress.com)
  • Papillary is the most common type of cancer and it is usually found in younger females. (progressivehealth.com)
  • Does rai normally eradicate the cancer cells in metastatic sites of papillary thyroid carcinoma? (healthtap.com)
  • Vitamin D deficiency and its relationship to cancer stage in patients who underwent thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid carcinoma. (ijp-online.com)
  • Thyroid cancer is mostly detected at an early stage ( UICC I: 88 percent in women, 75 percent in men) and has a favourable prognosis with relative 5-year survival rates of 95 percent in women and 91 percent in men (exception: anaplastic carcinomas with only 10 percent). (krebsdaten.de)
  • At the end of the 20th century, researchers developed a "multistage development model for breast cancer," which states that breast cancer had experienced the continuous process containing normal, hyperplasia, atypical hyperplasia, and carcinoma [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • I was only fourteen years old when I was diagnosed with a follicular variant of papillary carcinoma thyroid cancer. (thenccs.org)
  • Sims said Sanders' cancer was a stage 1 papillary thyroid carcinoma, the most common type of thyroid cancer and said she has an "excellent" prognosis. (wuga.org)
  • Mazzaferi E.L., Jhiang S.M. Long-term impact of initial surgical and medical therapy on papillary and follicular thyroid cancer. (rusmedserv.com)
  • Histopathology Urinary bladder--Transitional cell carcinoma papilloma virus da pap test Polipii colonici reprezintă formaţiuni tumorale benigne sub forma dar cel mai frecvent întâlniţi sunt polipii hiperplastici şi polipii adenomatoşi. (chiclashes.ro)
  • The most common urothelial neoplasm is the low grade superficial papillary carcinoma or papilloma which may recur numerous times but does not result in significant morbidity or mortality. (healthyskinworld.com)
  • Also of interest is the finding that papillary hydradenoma of the vulva is not a sweat gland neoplasm as traditionally believed but an intraductal papilloma arising from ectopic breast parenchyma. (medscape.com)
  • Inverted papilloma is a rare epithelial benign neoplasm which presents a number of significant therapeutic problems papilloma and carcinoma to a high rate of postoperative recurrence and a significant percentage of malignancy. (malaimare.ro)
  • This article represents a review of the literature on this topic and a synthesis of Colțea ENT Clinic experience in inverted papilloma associated with scuamos cell carcinoma SCC. (malaimare.ro)
  • However, remote access to EBSCO's databases from non-subscribing institutions is not allowed if the purpose of the use is for commercial papilloma and carcinoma through cost reduction or avoidance for a non-subscribing institution. (malaimare.ro)
  • Hpv e carcinoma orofaringeo papillomavirus humains vaccination, hpv virus and colposcopy ano ang papilloma virus. (etigararunway.ro)
  • The Virus-induced Papilloma-to-Carcinoma Sequence: IV. (rabbit.org)
  • cholangiocellular carcinoma a rare type of hepatocellular carcinoma arising from the cholangioles , consisting of two layers of cells surrounding a minute lumen. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • hepatocellular carcinoma primary carcinoma of the liver cells with hepatomegaly, jaundice, hemoperitoneum, and other symptoms of the presence of an abdominal mass. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Approach and safety of comprehensive central compartment dissection in patients with recurrent papillary thyroid carcinoma. (medscape.com)
  • 1080 patients, who underwent thyroidectomy in our hospital and received a diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma, were included in the study. (actaitalica.it)
  • HT was detected in non-neoplastic areas of specimens in 36.1% (n = 390) of 1080 patients with a diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma whereas HT was not observed in 63.9% (n = 690). (actaitalica.it)
  • We assume that patients with HT developing papillary thyroid carcinoma have an increased risk of having multifocal tumour, and thus surgical intervention should be tailored according to this risk. (actaitalica.it)
  • Incidence of caseating granulomatous inflammation is very high among Asians and the presentation of metastatic lymph nodes from papillary thyroid carcinoma emphasizes the co-existence of caseating granulomatous inflammation in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma. (scholars.direct)
  • Background: Recurrence of regional cervical lymph nodes in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is not uncommon, and is an important factor affecting the quality of life. (elsevier.com)
  • The aim of this study was to determine levels of serum 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) as an indicator of oxidant-induced DNA damage and oxidant status in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma before and after surgery. (sdu.edu.tr)
  • This study included 25 patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma and age-matched 27 healthy controls. (sdu.edu.tr)
  • Herein, we aimed to evaluate the incidence and features of DLNs involvement in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma. (biomedcentral.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between lymphatic vessel density and clinical and pathological variables in patients with well-differentiated papillary thyroid carcinoma. (ox.ac.uk)
  • SUBJECTS: Clinical information was retrieved on 109 previously untreated patients with well-differentiated papillary thyroid carcinoma treated with total thyroidectomy and postoperative iodine I 131 ablation. (ox.ac.uk)
  • At least one carcinoma was diagnosed (including two metastases) in 343 patients. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Out of 206 patients, 158 had differentiated thyroid carcinoma. (endocrine-abstracts.org)
  • The coincidence of autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is ranging between 10 and 5. (nel.edu)
  • Outcome of patients treated surgically for lymph node metastases from cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. (ohsu.edu)
  • Clinical, genomic, and metagenomic characterization of oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma in patients who do not smoke. (ohsu.edu)
  • The unique occurrence of metaplastic carcinoma in one of our patients prompted this article. (medscape.com)
  • Anti-thyroglobulin antibodies are present in 1 in 10 normal individuals, and a greater percentage of patients with thyroid carcinoma. (wikidoc.org)
  • Zhu et al performed the CNSI-guided central lymph node dissection in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma. (dovepress.com)
  • Cohort B will enroll 80 patients who have histologically confirmed BCG-unresponsive high-grade Ta/T1 papillary disease. (bcan.org)
  • Many patients have a history of iodine deficiency and benign thyroid diseases, such as goitre and adenomas, which increase the risk of thyroid carcinoma. (krebsdaten.de)
  • Approximately one fifth of patients with rare medullary thyroid carcinomas carry genetic changes that are inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. (krebsdaten.de)
  • Carvalho AY, Kohler HF, Gomes CC, Vartanian JG, Kowalski LP. Predictive Factors of Recurrence of Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinomas: Analysis of 2,538 Patients. (ahns.info)
  • It is found in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma when it arises from papillary thyroid carcinoma. (humpath.com)
  • Thyroglobulin is not produced by medullary or anaplastic thyroid carcinoma. (wikidoc.org)
  • Papillary thyroid carcinoma with desmoid-type fibromatosis (PTC-DTF) or nodular fasciitis-like stroma (PTC-NFS) is a rare morphological variant of PTC with a favorable prognosis. (autopsyandcasereports.org)
  • Is obesity associated with the prognosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma? (amegroups.com)
  • Deep learning-based classification of desmoplastic reaction on H&E predicts poor prognosis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. (amedeo.com)
  • The microscopic histopathology of typical PDCIS lesions (refer to adjacent high-power photomicrograph) prepared with a hematoxylin and eosin stain consists of mammary ducts that have papillary fronds (i.e. thin, finger-like or leaf-like structures) lined with one or several layers of neoplastic, columnar-shaped epithelial cells (i.e. tall, narrow cells with their nuclei close to the site of their ductal attachment). (wikipedia.org)
  • The study of papillary urothelial definition lesions of the prostate is important for understanding prostatic carcinogenesis and for developing potential. (chiclashes.ro)
  • Differential protein expression profiles of cyst fluid from papillary thyroid carcinoma and benign thyroid lesions. (scilifelab.se)
  • Pax-8 PPAR-gamma is found in follicular lesions: follicular carcinoma, some follicular adenomas and follicular variants of papillary carcinoma. (humpath.com)
  • Metaplastic carcinomas (including the fibromatosis-like variant) are cytokeratin positive in stark contrast to nodular fasciitis and other benign spindled breast masses, illustrating the importance of immunohistochemistry in the evaluation of these lesions. (cap.org)
  • The esophageal carcinomas were a slightly elevated type, and no polypoid lesions were seen. (rabbit.org)
  • Hürthle cell variant papillary carcinoma was suggested in the cytology report of the fine needle aspiration. (iranpath.org)
  • A similar proportion of our cases is the previously called noninvasive follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma encapsulated follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTC). (thetrp.net)
  • Diagnosis, treatment, prognostic factors and long-term outcome in papillary thyroid carcinoma. (medscape.com)
  • The histopathological diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma with nodular fasciitis-like stroma was offered. (autopsyandcasereports.org)
  • In histopathological specimens, the diagnosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma was reconfirmed and non-neoplastic areas in the same specimen were evaluated in terms of HT. (actaitalica.it)
  • Permanent histopathological diagnosis was co-existence of papillary thyroid carcinoma and Hürthle cell carcinoma. (iranpath.org)
  • A Task Force convened by the American Thyroid Association (ATA) released updated guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). (health.am)
  • Variation in the diagnosis of noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP). (amedeo.com)
  • There is a fibromatosis-like variant of spindle cell metaplastic carcinoma that is also in the differential diagnosis. (cap.org)
  • Andeen NK, Tretiakova M. Papillary oncocytic variant. (pathologyoutlines.com)
  • Papillary thyroid carcinoma oncocytic variant Care este starea dupa operatie de tiroida? (punctultau.ro)
  • Din fericire, există şi situaţia inversă, când suntem aproape convinşi că avem papillary thyroid carcinoma oncocytic variant patologie papillary thyroid carcinoma oncocytic variant nazo-sinusală, iar intraoperator găsim o patologie supurată, cu rezolvare chirurgicală relativ facilă şi cu evoluţie rapid favorabilă. (punctultau.ro)
  • Examen CT cranio-cerebral - tumoră nazo-sinusală stângă, papillary thyroid carcinoma oncocytic variant frontală ce evidenţiază masă înlocuitoare de spaţiu la nivelul sinusului maxilar stâng, al fosei nazale stângi, cu distrugerea peretelui intersinuso-nazal stâng şi a septului nazal osos 6 găsim o patologie supurată cu rezolvare chirurgicală relativ facilă şi cu evoluţie rapid favorabilă 7. (punctultau.ro)
  • Thyroid papillary carcinoma with oncocytic features on Flickr by ddkri. (humpath.com)
  • Oncocytic papillary carcinomas may have papillary or follicular architecture. (humpath.com)
  • Thyroid malignancies are divided into papillary carcinomas (80%), follicular carcinomas (10%), medullary thyroid carcinomas (5-10%), anaplastic carcinomas (1-2%), primary thyroid lymphomas (rare), and primary thyroid sarcomas (rare). (health.am)
  • Evaluation of grade in a genotyped cohort of sporadic medullary thyroid carcinomas. (harvard.edu)
  • [ 1 ] In contrast, the encapsulated follicular variant of PTC (eFVPTC) without capsular or vascular invasion poses so little risk that the American Thyroid Association has recommended that it no longer be considered a carcinoma, and instead be reclassified as noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP). (medscape.com)
  • 6 Zhou L, Shi L, Jiang Z, Xie L. Papillary thyroid carcinoma with nodular fasciitis-like stroma and β-catenin gene mutations: report of a recurrent case. (autopsyandcasereports.org)
  • Papillary thyroid carcinoma with nodular fasciitis-like stroma and β-catenin mutations should be renamed papillary thyroid carcinoma with desmoid-type fibromatosis. (autopsyandcasereports.org)
  • Ras mutations are found in 50% of anaplastic thyroid carcinomas compared to 70% harboring p53 mutations. (humpath.com)
  • The clinical significance of BRAFV600E mutations in pediatric papillary thyroid carcinomas. (nih.gov)
  • Introduction: Uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC), a high-grade tumour, is known to be associated in some cases with an identifiable intraepithelial neoplasia (IEN) component. (annals.edu.sg)
  • Major differences at clinicopathologic and molecular genetic levels are known to exist between the commonest variety of endometrial carcinoma, endometrioid adenocarcinoma (EC) and uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC). (annals.edu.sg)
  • Deoxyribonucleic acid ploidy in endometrial carcinoma: a reproducible and valid prognostic marker in a routine diagnostic setting. (uib.no)
  • Low BMI-1 expression is associated with an activated BMI-1-driven signature, vascular invasion, and hormone receptor loss in endometrial carcinoma. (uib.no)
  • It has been reported that uterine fibroids (UFs) may increase the risk of endometrial carcinoma (EC) with the underlying mechanism largely unknown. (portlandpress.com)
  • In man as well as in the rabbit and in the rat, relationships have been described between endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial carcinoma. (rabbit.org)
  • The endometrial carcinoma in the rabbit as an animal model for human endometrial carcinoma is discussed extensively. (rabbit.org)
  • About 2% to 7% are squamous cell carcinomas, and 2% are adenocarcinomas. (healthyskinworld.com)
  • They were classified histologically as squamous cell carcinomas or adenosquamous carcinomas, or both. (rabbit.org)
  • 85% of these are transitional cell carcinomas while the remainder are usually squamous cell carcinomas. (uab.edu)
  • Salivary mucoepidermoid carcinoma: histological variants, grading systems, CRTC1/3-MAML2 fusions, and clinicopathological features. (amedeo.com)
  • Ho AS et al 2020 Incidence and mortality risk spectrum across aggressive variants of papillary thyroid carcinoma. (thyroid.org)
  • The fibromatosis-like variants are often associated with an adjacent papillary lesion or radial scar. (cap.org)
  • There is also a clear association between radiation exposure (from radiotherapy or fallout) and incidence of papillary thyroid carcinoma. (medscape.com)
  • In recent decades, the incidence of thyroid carcinomas has increased, which is associated with the increased prevalence of PTC (3). (iranpath.org)
  • Liu C, Chen T, Liu Z. Associations between BRAF(V600E) and prognostic factors and poor outcomes in papillary thyroid carcinoma: a meta-analysis. (medscape.com)
  • We retrospectively investigated whether there is a relationship between Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and papillary thyroid carcinoma and studied the effect of HT on prognostic factors. (actaitalica.it)
  • Secretory carcinoma of the salivary gland: a multi-institutional clinicopathologic study of 90 cases with emphasis on grading and prognostic factors. (amedeo.com)
  • Intratumoral lymphatics and lymph node metastases in papillary thyroid carcinoma. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Long-Term Efficacy of Ethanol Ablation as Treatment of Metastatic Lymph Nodes From Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma. (uio.no)
  • Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is often combined with other types of thyroid disease, such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), nodular goiter (NG), follicular adenoma (FA) and other types. (elis.sk)
  • Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) accounts for the majority of esophageal carcinoma cases worldwide. (panafrican-med-journal.com)
  • The other two of the five rabbits died early in the experiment before any esophageal carcinoma had developed. (rabbit.org)
  • Efficacy of Endoscopic Resection and Selective Chemoradiotherapy for Stage I Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma. (snfge.org)
  • Long-term follow-up after endoscopic resection for superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: a multicenter Western study. (snfge.org)
  • Prognostic significance of RET and NTRK1 rearrangements in sporadic papillary thyroid carcinoma. (medscape.com)
  • The well-differentiated thyroid carcinomas include papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) which mostly occur as sporadic (1). (iranpath.org)
  • In most cases of papillary carcinoma, epithelial proliferation fills the space between adjacent fibrovascular stromal cores resulting in a complex pattern of papillae, glandular structures, and solid areas. (webpathology.com)
  • The combination of CIS and papillary transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is associated with a higher risk of recurrence and progression. (medscape.com)
  • A subsequent elevation of the thyroglobulin level is an indication of recurrence of papillary or follicular thyroid carcinoma. (wikidoc.org)
  • Characterizing high-grade serous papillary carcinoma of tunica vaginalis. (austin.org.au)
  • We report a case of high-grade serous papillary carcinoma of the tunica vaginalis, treated with radical orchiectomy and hemi-scrotectomy after being referred for a rapidly growing painless scrotal mass. (austin.org.au)
  • Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded human serous papillary carcinoma of the ovary using CD44 (E7K2Y) XP ® Rabbit mAb. (cellsignal.com)
  • Serous papillary carcinoma of the tunica vaginalis testis. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Here, we will discuss a case of insular thyroid carcinoma diagnosed by histology and treated with thyroidectomy followed by radiotherapy and planned for radioactive iodine. (symbiosisonlinepublishing.com)
  • Finding the Balance on Extent of Initial Thyroidectomy for Low-Risk Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma. (amedeo.com)
  • A mimic of lung adenocarcinoma: a case report of histological conversion of metastatic thyroid papillary carcinoma. (amedeo.com)
  • However, only the prognostically very favourable papillary carcinomas, which comprise the most frequent histological type in both women and men, contributed to this. (krebsdaten.de)
  • A new study of the relationship between BRAF V600E mutation status and its effect on papillary thyroid carcinoma found a negative association with clinicopathologic features suggestive of more aggressive disease. (medworm.com)
  • BRAF-V600E is specific for papillary carcinoma. (humpath.com)
  • If the carcinoma has BRAF V600E, than it is arising from papillary thyroid carcinoma. (humpath.com)
  • If the carcinoma has BRAF V600E, then it is arising from papillary thyroid carcinoma. (humpath.com)
  • PCB are carcinomas derived from the epithelial cells of mammary gland ducts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Epithelial cells lining the fronds' inner surfaces commonly form solid, cribriform (i.e. large nests of cells perforated by many rounded, variably sized spaces), or micro-papillary patterns. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other epithelial cells consist of parafollicular (C) cells which are derived from ectoderm, produce calcitonine and are origin of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) (1). (iranpath.org)
  • adenocystic carcinoma ( adenoid cystic carcinoma ) carcinoma marked by cylinders or bands of hyaline or mucinous stroma separated or surrounded by nests or cords of small epithelial cells, occurring in the mammary and salivary glands, and mucous glands of the respiratory tract. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • bronchioalveolar carcinoma ( bronchiolar carcinoma ) ( bronchioloalveolar carcinoma ) ( bronchoalveolar carcinoma ) a variant type of adenocarcinoma of the lung , with columnar to cuboidal epithelial cells lining the alveolar septa and projecting into alveolar spaces in branching papillary formations. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • We speculate that, in one, epithelial atypia arises in an endometriotic cyst and then evolves into clear cell CA, and, in the other, non-cystic endometriosis induces a fibromatous reaction resulting in the formation of AF, which then develops into APT and subsequently a clear cell CA. The absence of endometriosis or adenofibromatous components in CC(AF-)s may be due to overgrowth and obliteration by the invasive carcinoma. (jcancer.org)
  • Further testing by an endocrinologist revealed that one of the five nodules was papillary carcinoma. (besthealthmag.ca)
  • She was treated with surgery and histology confirmed "insular thyroid papillary carcinoma growth. (symbiosisonlinepublishing.com)
  • The Role of Calcitonin in Predicting the Extent of Surgery in Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma: A Nationwide Population-Based Study in Norway. (uio.no)
  • 5 CNSI does not stain the parathyroid gland during the thyroid carcinoma surgery, thus could reduce the risk of false resection. (dovepress.com)