A ZINC-dependent carboxypeptidase primary found in the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM. The enzyme catalyzes the preferential cleavage of a C-terminal peptidyl-L-lysine or arginine. It was formerly classified as EC 3.4.2.2 and EC 3.4.12.3.
Enzymes that act at a free C-terminus of a polypeptide to liberate a single amino acid residue.
Carboxypeptidases that are primarily found the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM that catalyze the release of C-terminal amino acids. Carboxypeptidases A have little or no activity for hydrolysis of C-terminal ASPARTIC ACID; GLUTAMIC ACID; ARGININE; LYSINE; or PROLINE. This enzyme requires ZINC as a cofactor and was formerly listed as EC 3.4.2.1 and EC 3.4.12.2.
A ZINC-containing exopeptidase primarily found in SECRETORY VESICLES of endocrine and neuroendocrine cells. It catalyzes the cleavage of C-terminal ARGININE or LYSINE residues from polypeptides and is active in processing precursors of PEPTIDE HORMONES and other bioactive peptides.
A metallocarboxypeptidase that removes C-terminal basic amino acid from peptides and proteins, with preference shown for lysine over arginine. It is a plasma zinc enzyme that inactivates bradykinin and anaphylatoxins.
A metallocarboxypeptidase that removes C-terminal lysine and arginine from biologically active peptides and proteins thereby regulating their activity. It is a zinc enzyme with no preference shown for lysine over arginine. Pro-carboxypeptidase U in human plasma is activated by thrombin or plasmin during clotting to form the unstable carboxypeptidase U.
A carboxypeptidase that catalyzes the release of a C-terminal amino acid with a broad specificity. It also plays a role in the LYSOSOMES by protecting BETA-GALACTOSIDASE and NEURAMINIDASE from degradation. It was formerly classified as EC 3.4.12.1 and EC 3.4.21.13.
Precursor of plasmin (FIBRINOLYSIN). It is a single-chain beta-globulin of molecular weight 80-90,000 found mostly in association with fibrinogen in plasma; plasminogen activators change it to fibrinolysin. It is used in wound debriding and has been investigated as a thrombolytic agent.
A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.
A metallocarboxypeptidase that is predominantly expressed as a membrane-bound enzyme. It catalyzes the hydrolysis of an unsubstituted, C-terminal glutamyl residue, typically from PTEROYLPOLYGLUTAMIC ACIDS. It was formerly classified as EC 3.4.19.8.
A serine endopeptidase that is formed from TRYPSINOGEN in the pancreas. It is converted into its active form by ENTEROPEPTIDASE in the small intestine. It catalyzes hydrolysis of the carboxyl group of either arginine or lysine. EC 3.4.21.4.
A product of the lysis of plasminogen (profibrinolysin) by PLASMINOGEN activators. It is composed of two polypeptide chains, light (B) and heavy (A), with a molecular weight of 75,000. It is the major proteolytic enzyme involved in blood clot retraction or the lysis of fibrin and quickly inactivated by antiplasmins.
Physiologically inactive substances that can be converted to active enzymes.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
A serine endopeptidase secreted by the pancreas as its zymogen, CHYMOTRYPSINOGEN and carried in the pancreatic juice to the duodenum where it is activated by TRYPSIN. It selectively cleaves aromatic amino acids on the carboxyl side.
The natural enzymatic dissolution of FIBRIN.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Partial proteins formed by partial hydrolysis of complete proteins or generated through PROTEIN ENGINEERING techniques.
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
Organic compounds that generally contain an amino (-NH2) and a carboxyl (-COOH) group. Twenty alpha-amino acids are the subunits which are polymerized to form proteins.
Catalyzes the hydrolysis of pteroylpolyglutamic acids in gamma linkage to pterolylmonoglutamic acid and free glutamic acid. EC 3.4.19.9.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
A chromatographic technique that utilizes the ability of biological molecules to bind to certain ligands specifically and reversibly. It is used in protein biochemistry. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
A family of gram-positive, saprophytic bacteria occurring in soil and aquatic environments.
A genus of gram-positive bacteria in the family Thermoactinomycetaceae, that can cause FARMER'S LUNG.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
A characteristic feature of enzyme activity in relation to the kind of substrate on which the enzyme or catalytic molecule reacts.
A genus of gram-positive bacteria that forms a branched mycelium. It commonly occurs as a saprophytic form in soil and aquatic environments.
A carboxypeptidase that is specific for proteins that contain two ALANINE residues on their C-terminal. Enzymes in this class play an important role in bacterial CELL WALL biosynthesis.
A genus of bacteria that form a nonfragmented aerial mycelium. Many species have been identified with some being pathogenic. This genus is responsible for producing a majority of the ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS of practical value.
A peptidyl-dipeptidase that catalyzes the release of a C-terminal dipeptide, -Xaa-*-Xbb-Xcc, when neither Xaa nor Xbb is Pro. It is a Cl(-)-dependent, zinc glycoprotein that is generally membrane-bound and active at neutral pH. It may also have endopeptidase activity on some substrates. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 3.4.15.1.
A subclass of PEPTIDE HYDROLASES that catalyze the internal cleavage of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS.
A serine protease that catalyses the release of an N-terminal dipeptide. Several biologically-active peptides have been identified as dipeptidyl peptidase 4 substrates including INCRETINS; NEUROPEPTIDES; and CHEMOKINES. The protein is also found bound to ADENOSINE DEAMINASE on the T-CELL surface and is believed to play a role in T-cell activation.
An antineoplastic agent with alkylating properties. It also acts as a mutagen by damaging DNA and is used experimentally for that effect.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of methyl groups from S-adenosylmethionine to free carboxyl groups of a protein molecule forming methyl esters. EC 2.1.1.-.
A method for determining points of contact between interacting proteins or binding sites of proteins to nucleic acids. Protein footprinting utilizes a protein cutting reagent or protease. Protein cleavage is inhibited where the proteins, or nucleic acids and protein, contact each other. After completion of the cutting reaction, the remaining peptide fragments are analyzed by electrophoresis.
Methods used for studying the interactions of antibodies with specific regions of protein antigens. Important applications of epitope mapping are found within the area of immunochemistry.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Books containing photographs, prints, drawings, portraits, plates, diagrams, facsimiles, maps, tables, or other representations or systematic arrangement of data designed to elucidate or decorate its contents. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p114)
Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.
Immunoglobulin molecules having a specific amino acid sequence by virtue of which they interact only with the ANTIGEN (or a very similar shape) that induced their synthesis in cells of the lymphoid series (especially PLASMA CELLS).
The property of antibodies which enables them to react with some ANTIGENIC DETERMINANTS and not with others. Specificity is dependent on chemical composition, physical forces, and molecular structure at the binding site.
Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.

Mapping the pro-region of carboxypeptidase B by protein engineering. Cloning, overexpression, and mutagenesis of the porcine proenzyme. (1/124)

The proteolytic processing of pancreatic procarboxypeptidase B to a mature and functional enzyme is much faster than that of procarboxypeptidase A1. This different behavior has been proposed to depend on specific conformational features at the region that connects the globular domain of the pro-segment to the enzyme and at the contacting surfaces on both moieties. A cDNA coding for porcine procarboxypeptidase B was cloned, sequenced, and expressed at high yield (250 mg/liter) in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. To test the previous hypothesis, different mutants of the pro-segment at the putative tryptic targets in its connecting region and at some of the residues contacting the active enzyme were obtained. Moreover, the complete connecting region was replaced by the homologous sequence in procarboxypeptidase A1. The detailed study of the tryptic processing of the mutants shows that limited proteolysis of procarboxypeptidase B is a very specific process, as Arg-95 is the only residue accessible to tryptic attack in the proenzyme. A fast destabilization of the connecting region after the first tryptic cut allows subsequent proteolytic processing and the expression of carboxypeptidase B activity. Although all pancreatic procarboxypeptidases have a preformed active site, only the A forms show intrinsic activity. Mutational substitution of Asp-41 in the globular activation domain, located at the interface with the enzyme moiety, as well as removal of the adjacent 310 helix allow the appearance of residual activity in the mutated procarboxypeptidase B, indicating that the interaction of both structural elements with the enzyme moiety prevents the binding of substrates and promotes enzyme inhibition. In addition, the poor heterologous expression of such mutants indicates that the mutated region is important for the folding of the whole proenzyme.  (+info)

An integrated study of fibrinogen during blood coagulation. (2/124)

The rate of conversion of fibrinogen (Fg) to the insoluble product fibrin (Fn) is a key factor in hemostasis. We have developed methods to quantitate fibrinopeptides (FPs) and soluble and insoluble Fg/Fn products during the tissue factor induced clotting of whole blood. Significant FPA generation (>50%) occurs prior to visible clotting (4 +/- 0.2 min) coincident with factor XIII activation. At this time Fg is mostly in solution along with high molecular weight cross-linked products. Cross-linking of gamma-chains is virtually complete (5 min) prior to the release of FPB, a process that does not occur until after clot formation. FPB is detected still attached to the beta-chain throughout the time course demonstrating release of only low levels of FPB from the clot. After release of FPB a carboxypeptidase-B-like enzyme removes the carboxyl-terminal arginine resulting exclusively in des-Arg FPB by the 20-min time point. This process is inhibited by epsilon-aminocaproic acid. These results demonstrate that transglutaminase and carboxypeptidase enzymes are activated simultaneously with Fn formation. The initial clot is a composite of Fn I and Fg already displaying gamma-gamma cross-linking prior to the formation of Fn II with Bbeta-chain remaining mostly intact followed by the selective degradation of FPB to des-Arg FPB.  (+info)

Enzymic characterization of a novel member of the regulatory B-like carboxypeptidase with transcriptional repression function: stimulation of enzymic activity by its target DNA. (3/124)

The adipocyte-enhancer binding protein (AEBP) 1 is a novel transcriptional repressor with carboxypeptidase (CP) activity. AEBP1 binds to a regulatory sequence (termed adipocyte enhancer 1, AE-1) located in the proximal promoter region of the adipose P2 (aP2) gene, which encodes the adipocyte fatty-acid binding protein. Sequence comparisons and kinetic studies using known carboxypeptidase substrates, activators and inhibitors have characterized AEBP1 as a member of the regulatory B-like CP family. Significantly, the inherent CP activity of AEBP1 is stimulated by the AE-1 sequence. Our results indicate that AEBP1 is activated by a novel mechanism, wherby the direct binding of DNA enhances its protease activity. These results represent the first demonstration of DNA-mediated regulation of CP activity.  (+info)

Characterization of plasmin-mediated activation of plasma procarboxypeptidase B. Modulation by glycosaminoglycans. (4/124)

Plasma carboxypeptidase B (PCB) is an exopeptidase that exerts an antifibrinolytic effect by releasing C-terminal Lys and Arg residues from partially degraded fibrin. PCB is produced in plasma via limited proteolysis of the zymogen, pro-PCB. In this report, we show that the K(m) (55 nM) for plasmin-catalyzed activation of pro-PCB is similar to the plasma concentration of pro-PCB (50-70 nM), whereas the K(m) for the thrombin- or thrombin:thrombomodulin-catalyzed reaction is 10-40-fold higher than the pro-PCB level in plasma. Additionally, tissue-type plasminogen activator triggers activation of pro-PCB in blood plasma in a reaction that is stimulated by a neutralizing antibody versus alpha(2)-antiplasmin. Together, these results show that plasmin-mediated activation of pro-PCB can occur in blood plasma. Heparin (UH) and other anionic glycosaminoglycans stimulate pro-PCB activation by plasmin but not by thrombin or thrombin:thrombomodulin. Pro-PCB is a more favorable substrate for plasmin in the presence of UH (16-fold increase in k(cat)/K(m)). UH also stabilizes PCB against spontaneous inactivation. The presence of UH in clots prepared with prothrombin-deficient plasma delays tissue-type plasminogen activator-triggered lysis; this effect of UH on clot lysis is blocked by a PCB inhibitor from potato tubers. These results show that UH accelerates plasmin-catalyzed activation of pro-PCB in plasma and PCB, in turn, stabilizes fibrin against fibrinolysis. We propose that glycosaminoglycans in the subendothelial extracellular matrix serve to augment the levels of PCB activity thereby stabilizing blood clots at sites where there is a breach in the integrity of the vasculature.  (+info)

Detection of small-molecule enzyme inhibitors with peptides isolated from phage-displayed combinatorial peptide libraries. (5/124)

BACKGROUND: The rapidly expanding list of pharmacologically important targets has highlighted the need for ways to discover new inhibitors that are independent of functional assays. We have utilized peptides to detect inhibitors of protein function. We hypothesized that most peptide ligands identified by phage display would bind to regions of biological interaction in target proteins and that these peptides could be used as sensitive probes for detecting low molecular weight inhibitors that bind to these sites. RESULTS: We selected a broad range of enzymes as targets for phage display and isolated a series of peptides that bound specifically to each target. Peptide ligands for each target contained similar amino acid sequences and competition analysis indicated that they bound one or two sites per target. Of 17 peptides tested, 13 were found to be specific inhibitors of enzyme function. Finally, we used two peptides specific for Haemophilus influenzae tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase to show that a simple binding assay can be used to detect small-molecule inhibitors with potencies in the micromolar to nanomolar range. CONCLUSIONS: Peptidic surrogate ligands identified using phage display are preferentially targeted to a limited number of sites that inhibit enzyme function. These peptides can be utilized in a binding assay as a rapid and sensitive method to detect small-molecule inhibitors of target protein function. The binding assay can be used with a variety of detection systems and is readily adaptable to automation, making this platform ideal for high-throughput screening of compound libraries for drug discovery.  (+info)

Effect of the reaction field electrostatic term on the molecular dynamics simulation of the activation domain of procarboxypeptidase B. (6/124)

Molecular dynamics simulations of the activation domain of porcine procarboxypeptidase B (ADBp) were performed in order to examine the effects of the inclusion of a reaction field (RF) term into the calculation of electrostatics forces for highly charged proteins. Two simulations were performed with the GROMOS96 package, studying the influence of counterions on the final results. Comparison with previous results without the inclusion of the RF term (Marti-Renom, M.A., Mas,J.M., Oliva,B., Querol,E. and Aviles,F.X., Protein Engng, 1998, 11, 101-110) shows that the structure is well maintained when the RF term is included. Moreover, the analysis of the trajectories shows that simulations of solvated highly-charged proteins are sensitive to the presence of counterions, the secondary structures being more stable when their charges are neutralized.  (+info)

Acute, nontoxic cadmium exposure inhibits pancreatic protease activities in the mouse. (7/124)

Toxic effects of cadmium on liver, kidney, lung, and testes have been well established in experimental animals and in cell model systems. However, little is known about the effect of cadmium on pancreas, though the pancreas has been reported to accumulate high concentrations of cadmium. Therefore, in this study we examined the effects of cadmium on the pancreas of mice. A single sc injection of 1 mg Cd/kg to mice had no obvious toxic effects on the liver, kidney, and pancreas at both 1 and 5 days after cadmium treatment. Within the pancreas, however, the activities of trypsin, chymotrypsin, and carboxypeptidase A were significantly decreased at 1 day after cadmium treatment, whereas the activity of carboxypeptidase B was not changed. All pancreatic enzyme activities returned to the control levels by 5 days after cadmium treatment. The concentrations of cadmium in pancreas were very similar at 1 and 5 days after cadmium treatment, indicating a stable deposition of the metal. The concentration of zinc in pancreas was markedly increased at 5 days after cadmium treatment. In order to more fully examine the inhibitory effects of cadmium on these protease activities in pancreas, the direct effects of cadmium on purified proteases were studied in vitro. Contrary to the results in vivo, cadmium increased the activity of purified trypsin in a concentration-dependent manner. Consistent with the in vivo results, the activity of purified carboxypeptidase A was decreased by cadmium treatment in a concentration-dependent fashion in vitro. The activities of chymotrypsin and carboxypeptidase B did not change by the cadmium exposure in vitro. The enhanced activity of trypsin by cadmium was returned to the control levels by subsequent treatment with EDTA, indicating that enhancement was reversible. In addition, the zinc normally contained in purified carboxypeptidase A and carboxypeptidase B was released by the cadmium treatment. These results indicate that cadmium inhibits protease activities within the pancreas in vivo at doses that do not induce overt hepatic, renal, or pancreatic toxicity. Based on in vitro study, the decreases seen in trypsin and chymotrypsin activities might be based on indirect effects of cadmium, whereas the decreases in carboxypeptidase A are probably due to the direct inhibition by the metal.  (+info)

Thrombin-activable fibrinolysis inhibitor attenuates (DD)E-mediated stimulation of plasminogen activation by reducing the affinity of (DD)E for tissue plasminogen activator. A potential mechanism for enhancing the fibrin specificity of tissue plasminogen activator. (8/124)

A complex of d-dimer noncovalently associated with fragment E ((DD)E), a degradation product of cross-linked fibrin that binds tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and plasminogen (Pg) with affinities similar to those of fibrin, compromises the fibrin specificity of t-PA by stimulating systemic Pg activation. In this study, we examined the effect of thrombin-activable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI), a latent carboxypeptidase B (CPB)-like enzyme, on the stimulatory activity of (DD)E. Incubation of (DD)E with activated TAFI (TAFIa) or CPB (a) produces a 96% reduction in the capacity of (DD)E to stimulate t-PA-mediated activation of Glu- or Lys-Pg by reducing k(cat) and increasing K(m) for the reaction; (b) induces the release of 8 mol of lysine/mol of (DD)E, although most of the stimulatory activity is lost after release of only 4 mol of lysine/mol (DD)E; and (c) reduces the affinity of (DD)E for Glu-Pg, Lys-Pg, and t-PA by 2-, 4-, and 160-fold, respectively. Because TAFIa- or CPB-exposed (DD)E produces little stimulation of Glu-Pg activation by t-PA, (DD)E is not degraded into fragment E and d-dimer, the latter of which has been reported to impair fibrin polymerization. These data suggest a novel role for TAFIa. By attenuating systemic Pg activation by (DD)E, TAFIa renders t-PA more fibrin-specific.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - The activation pathway of procarboxypeptidase B from porcine pancreas: Participation of the active enzyme in the proteolytic processing. AU - Villegas, Virtudes. AU - Vendrell, Josep. AU - Avilés, Francesc X.. PY - 1995/1/1. Y1 - 1995/1/1. N2 - The activation process of porcine pancreatic procarboxypeptidase B (pro‐CPB) has been studied in detail by a number of complementary methodologies, and a description of the molecular events that lead to the generation of active carboxypeptidase B (CPB) has been deduced. The generated CPB participates in the degradation of its own activation segment by excising C‐terminal residues from fragments produced by tryptic proteolysis. The trimming action of CPB is, however, not essential for the release of a fully functional enzyme, in contrast to what was previously reported for porcine procarboxypeptidase A (pro‐CPA). In the model presented here, the activation process is solely dependent on the first tryptic cleavage, at the limit ...
High quality Carboxypeptidase B, For Mass Spectrometry, Recombinant Enzyme, Specific Activity 170u/mg Pro. from China, Chinas leading Recombinant Carboxypeptidase B product market, With strict quality control Recombinant Carboxypeptidase B factories, Producing high quality Carboxypeptidase B, For Mass Spectrometry, Recombinant Enzyme, Specific Activity 170u/mg Pro. products.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Ambivalent roles of carboxypeptidase B in the lytic susceptibility of fibrin. AU - Kovács, András. AU - Szabó, László. AU - Longstaff, Colin. AU - Tenekedjiev, Kiril. AU - Machovich, Raymund. AU - Kolev, Krasimir. PY - 2014/1/1. Y1 - 2014/1/1. N2 - Background Removal of C-terminal lysine residues that are continuously exposed in lysing fibrin is an established anti-fibrinolytic mechanism dependent on the plasma carboxypeptidase TAFIa, which also removes arginines that are exposed at the time of fibrinogen clotting by thrombin. Objective To evaluate the impact of alterations in fibrin structure mediated by constitutive carboxypeptidase activity on the function of fibrin as a template for tissue plasminogen activator-(tPA) induced plasminogen activation and its susceptibility to digestion by plasmin. Methods and results We used the stable carboxypeptidase B (CPB), which shows the same substrate specificity as TAFIa. If 1.5 - 6 μM fibrinogen was clotted in the presence of 8 ...
Carboxypeptidases are enzymes that hydrolyze C-terminal peptide bonds. The carboxypeptidase family includes metallo-, serine, and cysteine carboxypeptidases. According to their substrate specificity, these enzymes are referred to as carboxypeptidase A (cleaving aliphatic residues) or carboxypeptidase B (cleaving basic amino residues). The protein encoded by this gene is activated by trypsin and acts on carboxypeptidase B substrates. After thrombin activation, the mature protein downregulates fibrinolysis. Polymorphisms have been described for this gene and its promoter region. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2013 ...
Structure of the carboxypeptidase b complex with n-sulfamoyl-l-phenylalanine - a transition state analog of non-specific substrate / V. Akparov, V. Timofeev, I. Khaliullin et al. // Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, издательство Taylor & Francis. - 2017. Carboxypeptidase B (EC 3.4.17.2) (CPB) is commonly used in the industrial insulin production and as a template for drug design. However, its ability to discriminate substrates with hydrophobic, hydrophilic, and charged side chains is not well understood. We report structure of CPB complex with a transition state analog N-sulfamoyl-L-phenylalanine solved at 1.74Å. The study provided an insight into structural basis of CPB substrate specificity. Ligand binding is affected by structure-depended conformational changes of Asp255 in S1-subsite, interactions with Asn144 and Arg145 in C-terminal binding subsite, and Glu270 in the catalytic center. Side chain of the non-specific substrate analog SPhe in comparison with that of ...
1. Thrombin-Activatable Carboxypeptidase B2 (CPB2) in the Crosstalk between Coagulation, Thrombosis, Inflammation and Innate Immunity. Procarboxypeptidase B2 circulates as an inactive enzyme and is activated by the thrombin/thrombomodulin complex on endothelial cell surface. Activated CPB2 inactivates a variety of inflammatory mediators including C3a, C5a, bradykinin, and thrombin-cleaved osteopontin. Thus CPB2, along with activated protein C, represents a physiological homeostatic mechanism to regulate thrombins inflammatory activity. We use the pro-CPB2 deficient mouse to define CPBs role in various thrombotic and inflammatory disease models.. 2. Thrombin Cleavage of Osteopontin in Cancer Biology. Thrombin cleavage of osteopontin (OPN), a matricellular protein, exposes a novel integrin-binding site at its newly exposed C-terminus. Thrombin-cleaved OPN (OPN-Arg) is elevated in various inflammatory diseases, and CPB2, by removing the C-terminal arginine, inhibits the inflammatory activity of ...
The worlds first wiki where authorship really matters. Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts.
The worlds first wiki where authorship really matters. Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts.
Affiliation:神戸大学,医学部附属病院,講師, Research Field:Dermatology,Dermatology,Laboratory medicine,Radiation science, Keywords:Squamous cell carcinoma,炎症反応,CARBOXYPEPTIDASE B,表皮細胞,シクロオキスゲナーゼ2,RADIO-SENCITIZATION,RNAi,紫外線,Flavonoid,BETA-AMYLOID, # of Research Projects:4, # of Research Products:17
Stein AB, Bolli R, Guo Y, Wang OL, Tan W, Wu WJ, Zhu X, Zhu Y, Xuan YT. The late phase of ischemic preconditioning induces a prosurvival genetic program that results in marked attenuation of apoptosis. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2007 Jun; 42(6):1075-85 ...
Carboxypeptidases (CP), carboxypeptidase N (CPN) and carboxypeptidase R (CPR), have been reported as a protease, which can cleave carboxy-terminal arginine or lysine residues from biologically active peptides, such as C3a and C5a, and regulate their activity. CPN is present in the active form in plasma, but CPR is generated from its zymogen during coagulation. CPR (identical to carboxypeptidase U [CPU], plasma carboxypeptidase B [plasma CPB]) has also been described as an inhibitor of fibrinolysis, and termed TAFI (thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor). ProCPR is activated by thrombin, thrombin-thrombomodulin complex (T-TM), plasmin, and trypsin. Today, the T-TM complex pathway has been taken notice because of effectiveness of Protein C for sepsis. Protein C has been recognized as a mediator between inflammation and coagulation. About CPR, some recent clinical studies have been shown that CPR is an acute phase protein and proCPR have been reduced in DIC. Similar to Protein C, CPR may be a ...
Allspice Recipes containing ingredients allspice, allspice berries, almond, apples, baking powder, baking soda, bananas, bay leaves, bell pepper, black pepperco
1. Urease of specific activity 160-180 Sumner units/g. (Sumner, 1951) was purified from jack-bean meal. The preparation was pure on the basis of polyacryl-amide-gel electrophoresis and N-terminal studies. 2. By using both the 1-fluoro-2,4-dinitrobenzene method and the phenyl isothiocyanate method a single N-terminal methionine residue was found. 3. A single C-terminal sequence -Tyr-Leu-Phe was found by studies with carboxypeptidase A, carboxypeptidase B and hydrazinolysis. 4. N-Bromosuccinimide cleavage showed that five unique tryptophan sequences were present: Trp-Ala, Trp-Glu, Trp-Gly, Trp-Met and Trp-Arg. 5. Polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis in sodium dodecyl sulphate showed that urease had a subunit molecular weight of 76000. 6. The yield of N- and C-terminal amino acids, the number of tryptic peptides and tryptophan sequences and the above polyacrylamide-gel electrophoretic measurement all suggest that urease contains a single structural subunit of molecular weight 75000.. ...
Descriptive info: Data Sheet - Pancreatin.. Pancreatin.. is the name of an extract from porcine pancreas.. 8049-47-6.. The pancreas is a gland with a small endocrine part (Islets of Langerhans), and a large exocrine part.. The Islets of Langerhans secrete insulin and glucagon, whilst the cells of the exocrine part produce various hydrolytic enzymes most of which have digestive functions.. Upon synthesis, the proteins are deposited in granules, either as active enzymes or as inactive precursors (zymogens).. When the secretion is induced, the contents of the granules are released into a system of ducts and finally reach the duodenum where the zymogens are being transformed into active enzymes.. The pancreatic enzymes can be classified in four groups:.. peptide hydrolases/proteases: e.. Trypsin, Chymotrypsin, Elastase, Carboxy-peptidase A, Carboxypeptidase B, Kallikreins; (.. Note.. : all of these enzymes are produced and stored as zymogens.. In the intestine, Trypsinogen is activated by ...
Learn more about Allspice uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Allspice
Ever heard of allspice? Most of you must be hearing it for the first time. Worry not! Here is a post on allspice benefits, that will clear all your doubts..
Համեմատել Allspice և սննդամթերքների վիտամինները և միներալները. Արագ համեմատեք Allspice և սննդամթերքների վիտամինները, միներալները և կալորիականությունը:
Great recipe for Allspice fruit cocktail cake. Needed a quick dessert to feed my kids and my sister kids, their cousins. Didnt want to go to the store, so I used what I already had in my cupboard. They enjoyed it, and now its a regular dessert in our home.
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In the rendezvous problem, two parties with different labelings of the vertices of a complete graph are trying to meet at some vertex at the same time. It is well-known that if the parties have predetermined roles, then the strategy where one of them waits at one vertex, while the other visits all n vertices in random order is optimal, taking at most n steps and averaging about ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Cloning and sequence analysis of cDNA for bovine carboxypeptidase E. AU - Fricker, Lloyd D.. AU - Evans, Chris J.. AU - Esch, Fred S.. AU - Herbert, Edward. PY - 1986/12/1. Y1 - 1986/12/1. N2 - Carboxypeptidase E (enkephalin convertase) was first identified as the carboxypeptidase B-like enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of enkephalin in bovine adrenal chromaffin granules1. A similar enzyme is present in many brain regions1,2 and in purified secretory granules from rat pituitary3 and rat insulinoma4. Within the secretory granules, carboxypeptidase E (CPE) activity is found in both a soluble and a membrane-bound form1, which differ slightly in relative molecular mass (Mr)5. Here, to investigate whether the CPE activities in the various tissues are produced from a single gene, purified CPE was partially sequenced and oligonucleotide probes were used to isolate a clone encoding CPE from a bovine pituitary complementary DNA library. This cDNA hybridizes to bovine pituitary poly(A)+ ...
Carboxypeptidase A (CPA) is a pancreatic exopeptidase which hydrolyses the peptide bond adjacent to the C-terminal end in polypeptide chains. Mast cell carboxypeptidase A (MC-CPA), a part of the peptidase M14 family, is a highly conserved metalloprotease localized to the secretory granules, along with trytases and chymases. MC-CPA is stored as an active enzyme in the granule and is released, along with other inflammatory mediators, upon mast cell degranulation. MC-CPA mirrors pancreatic carboxypeptidase A in cleaving COOH-terminal aromatic and aliphatic amino acid residues. The optimum pH of MC-CPA is between neutral and basic, depending upon the substrate. The MC-CPA gene, CPA3, resides on chromosome 3 and contains 11 exons ...
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Allspice is the dried berry of the pimento, an evergreen tree growing to 40 feet in height; it bears opposite, leathery, oblong to oblong-lanceolate leaves whose pinnately arranged veins show prominently on the underside. Small white flowers grow in many-flowered cymes in the upper leaf axils from June to August. The fruit is a fleshy, sweet berry which is purplish-black when ripe. The berries used for allspice are collected when they have reached full size but are not yet ripe. The name comes from the berrys taste, which has been described as a combination of cloves, Juniper berries, cinnamon, and pepper ...
2-Guanidinoethylmercaptosuccinic Acid - CAS 77482-44-1 - Calbiochem CAS 77482-44-1 Potent inhibitor of a carboxypeptidase B-like processing enzyme referred to as enkephalin convertase (Ki = 8.8 nM). - Find MSDS or SDS, a COA, data sheets and more information.
DRG cultures. Dorsal root ganglia were excised from postnatal day 0 (P0)-P3 C57 black 6 mice. The ganglia were enzymatically dissociated for 30 min with S-MEM medium containing 0.25% trypsin at 37°C. Neurons were then dissociated mechanically by trituration using fire-polished Pasteur pipettes. Dissociated cells were plated at a density of 1 × 105 cells/cm2 onto glass coverslips coated with poly-l-ornithine (Sigma, St. Louis, MO) and laminin (Invitrogen, Grand Island, NY) and mounted to the bottom of 35 mm culture dishes. The cultures were maintained at 37°C in 5% CO2 and fed with serum-free Neurobasal-A media supplemented with B-27, l-glutamine, 2.5s nerve growth factor (NGF) (0.1 μg/ml; Invitrogen) and 5-fluoxy-d-uridine (0.1 mg/ml; Sigma), which inhibits proliferation of non-neuronal cells. To avoid MAPK activation by NGF before experiments, DRG cultures were washed and kept in NGF-free medium for 2 hr before electrophysiological recordings and other assays were ...
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Allspice Essential Oil Profile includes uses, constituents, aromatic description, extraction method, latin name, safety info and references.
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carboxypeptidase L: Cathepsin A (also named protective protein and carboxypeptidase L) stabilizes beta-galactosidase and activates neuraminidase by forming with them a high-molecular-weight lysosomal complex
Lysosomal Pro-X Carboxypeptidase/PRCP Overexpression Lysate (Denatured). Tested Reactivity: Hu. Validated: WB. Backed by our 100% Guarantee.
In making cookies for Christmas I was trying to keep in mind what I had in my cabinets (instead of running out for more supplies). I found a recipe in... ...
thats a common mechanism in enzymes, not only in carboxypeptidase. However, the point is, there are several of these weak bonds and their sum is strong enough to stretch the peptide causing to be better to hydrolyse ...
National Institutes of Health researchers and their colleagues have identified how resveratrol, a naturally occurring chemical found in red wine and other plant products, may confer its health benefits. The authors present evidence that resveratrol does not directly activate sirtuin 1, a protein associated with aging. Rather, the authors found that resveratrol inhibits certain types of proteins known as phosphodiesterases (PDEs), enzymes that help regulate cell energy.. These findings may help settle the debate regarding resveratrols biochemistry and pave the way for resveratrol-based medicines. The chemical has received significant interest from pharmaceutical companies for its potential to combat diabetes, inflammation, and cancer. The study appears in the February 3rd issue of the journal Cell [1].. ...
An emerging area of research has documented a novel role for the plasminogen activation system in the regulation of neurotransmitter release. Prohormones, secreted by cells within the sympathoadrenal system, are processed by plasmin to bioactive peptides that feed back to inhibit secretagogue-stimulated release. Catecholaminergic cells of the sympathoadrenal system are prototypic prohormone-secreting cells. Processing of prohormones by plasmin is enhanced in the presence of catecholaminergic cells, and the enhancement requires binding of plasmin(ogen) to cellular receptors. Consequently, modulation of the local cellular fibrinolytic system of catecholaminergic cells results in substantial changes in catecholamine release. However, mechanisms for enhancing prohormone processing and cell-surface molecules mediating the enhancement on catecholaminergic cells have not been investigated. Here we show that plasminogen activation was enhanced >6.5-fold on catecholaminergic cells. Carboxypeptidase B ...
Free Online Library: Assay of procarboxypeptidase U, a novel determinant of the fibrinolytic cascade, in human plasma.(Enzymes and Protein Markers) by Clinical Chemistry; Fibrin Lysine
50) was found to have a mutation that deleted nearly the entire CPE gene. This patient had intellectual disability (inability to read or write) and had abnormal glucose homeostasis, similar to mice lacking CPE activity. In obesity, high levels of circulating free fatty acids have been reported to cause a decrease in the amount of carboxypeptidase E protein in pancreatic beta-cells, leading to beta-cell dysfunction (hyperproinsulinemia) and increased beta-cell apoptosis (via an increase in ER-stress). However, because CPE is not a rate-limiting enzyme for the production of most neuropeptides and peptide hormones, it is not clear how relatively modest decreases in CPE activity can cause physiological effects. Carboxypeptidase Carboxypeptidase A GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000109472 - Ensembl, May 2017 GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000037852 - Ensembl, May 2017 Human PubMed Reference:. Mouse PubMed Reference:. Entrez Gene: CPE carboxypeptidase E. Fricker LD (1988). ...
div class=story, ,p class=summary,Rendezvous is a digital meeting place for the globally engaged, hosted by the ,a href=//www.iht.com/ title=International Herald Tribune - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia,International Herald Tribune,/a,. We publish exclusive analysis of the most significant global news and showcase signature ,a href=//www,iht.com/,IHT,/a, features and journalists. We seek to inspire international discussion and intelligent debate that enlivens the global conversation. Join in.,/p, ,div class=subColumn-2 noBackground contributorsModule, ,div class=column, ,div class=story, ,ul class=refer, ,li,,a href=//rendezvous.blogs.nytimes.com/didi-kirsten-tatlow/,Didi Kirsten Tatlow, Asia,/a,,/li, ,li,,a href=//rendezvous.blogs.nytimes.com/harvey-morris/,Harvey Morris, Europe,/a,,/li, ,li,,a href=//rendezvous.blogs.nytimes.com/marcus-mabry/,Marcus Mabry, Editor,/a,,/li, ,/ul, ,/div, ,/div, ,div class=column lastColumn, ,div class=story, ,ul class=refer, ...
Protects the body from potent vasoactive and inflammatory peptides containing C-terminal Arg or Lys (such as kinins or anaphylatoxins) which are released into the circulation.
This paper studies distributed rendezvous strategies for multiple nonholonomic wheeled mobile robots with the aim of testing their practicality on real robots. We investigate control strategies which use just bearing-only or range-only measurements and do not need inter-robot radio communication to share the measurements. For the bearing-only case, two control laws proposed in our previous study are recalled and adapted. For the range-only case, rendezvous control laws for a two-robot system are proposed first and it is shown analytically a two-robot system achieves rendezvous globally under these control laws. Then the range-only-based control laws are extended to multirobot systems. Monte Carlo simulations indicate that a multirobot system achieves practical convergence under the range-only-based control laws. Experimental results illustrate the applicability and performance of the proposed control strategies for multiple wheeled-robot systems.
Just wondering... Is the rendezvous worth attending for more experienced climbers who dont want any clinic stuff? Does it cost money for those not doing clinics? Is it possible to enjoy Red Rock during the rendezvous without taking part (camping still available and climbs)? Just turns out i have a week off and the rendezvous is smack dab in the middle of it and it almost makes me want to go to Utah. I just dont know enough about it. Thanks in advance ...
As a member of the wwPDB, the RCSB PDB curates and annotates PDB data according to agreed upon standards. The RCSB PDB also provides a variety of tools and resources. Users can perform simple and advanced searches based on annotations relating to sequence, structure and function. These molecules are visualized, downloaded, and analyzed by users who range from students to specialized scientists.
Product Pig Cytosolic carboxypeptidase 4(AGBL1) ELISA kit From B-Gene - A competitive ELISA for quantitative measurement of Porcine Cytosolic carboxypeptidase 4(AGBL1) in samples from blood, plasma, serum, cell culture supernatant and other biological fluids. This is a high quality ELISA kit developped for optimal performance with samples from the particular species. Kit contents: 1. MICROTITER PLATE * 1 2. ENZYME CONJUGATE*1 vial 3. STANDARD A*1 vial 4. STANDARD B*1 vial 5. STANDARD C*1 vial 6. STANDARD D*1 vial 7. STANDARD E*1 vial 8. STANDARD F*1 vial 9. SUBSTRATE A*1 vial 10. SUBSTRATE B*1 vial 11. STOP SOLUTION*1 vial 12. WASH SOLUTION (100 x)*1 vial 13. BALANCE SOLUTION*1 vial 14. INSTRUCTION*1
Carboxypeptidase that catalyzes the release of a C-terminal amino acid, but has little or no action with -Asp, -Glu, -Arg, -Lys or -Pro.
Lets check #Zucchini off as our 31st veg! Though there are many veg we love that we havent mentioned for #vegout2021, we hope you have had fun with us, discovered new veg & expanded your menus to a half plate of veggies with every meal. Its the fastest path to health! ...
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But Houbolt insisted the one-rocket system was not feasible. In a NASA interview Houbolt said, It can not be done. I said you must include rendezvous in your thinking - to simplify, to manage your energy much better.. Houbolt said it turned into a two-and-a-half year fight to convince people, but he and his team had the facts and figures to back up their claims. Woodfill said one of his colleagues, former NASA engineer Bob Lacy was part of the discussions on which plan to use. He said it was unbelievable, Woodfill recalled. They were debating in a meeting room at Langley about the best way to go to the Moon. One side was for sending a single vehicle requiring a huge booster to get it there. The other group wanted a two spaceship method. No one seemed agreeable to the other sides approach. Tempers were starting to flare. To ease the situation someone said, Lets flip a coin to settle the score. Can you believe that? ...
1CBX: Crystal structure of the complex between carboxypeptidase A and the biproduct analog inhibitor L-benzylsuccinate at 2.0 A resolution.
1 cup sugar 5 Tablespoons soft butter ⅓ cup brown sugar 2 eggs 2 cups flour ¾ tsp baking soda 1 tsp cinnamon ½ tsp nutmeg Dash of allspice 1 cup applesauce 3 Tablespoons molasses 3 granny smith apples, sliced thin sprinkle with brown sugar Beat butter with white sugar Add eggs, beat 4…
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next, the move. husband got a new job that were thrilled about and its eventually relocating us to san francisco. we arent going to end up in san fran until september after his training, but the training is long and is located in a few different places throughout the summer. this means that im moving to GA with the girls to live with my parents for 4 months and then well rendezvous in august and make the big move. he reports to training in a few weeks... which means we are packing up like crazy people and trying really hard not to lose our minds. jake is pretty solid and calm, i am not. without getting into it because honestly it makes me really sad, im going to miss him terribly during the summer. well see him every once in awhile but man ill be happy when september comes ...
The application deadline for travel stipends has passed. If your institution has limited resources to support your travel to the Earth Educators' Rendezvous, you may be eligible for assistance from our ...
Karawang, Kabarsebelas.com - menjelang Pilkada Karawang 2020, Dewan Pimpinan Daerah (DPD) Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan (PDIP) Jawa Barat (Jabar) mengumpulkan sebanyak 30 Pengurus Anak Cabang (PAC). Semuanya dikumpulkan guna mengikuti fit and profer tes yang digelar di Kantor DPC PDI Perjuangan Karawang, sejak 29 Februari sampai 1 Maret 2020. Kemudian, 8 Maret akan diumukan sosok
Carboxypeptidases cleave at the carboxyl end of the protein. While they can catabolize proteins, they are more often used in ... "Carboxypeptidase". www.chemistry.wustl.edu. Retrieved 2019-03-23. Nelson DL, Cox MM, Lehninger AL (2013). Lehninger principles ... These enzymes have two classes: aminopeptidases are a brush border enzyme and carboxypeptidases which is from the pancreas. ...
... some carboxypeptidase; low tyrosinase Aesthetics: pleasant fragrance; accumulation of flavoring compounds Color: low production ...
MPI Carboxypeptidase N deficiency; 212070; CPN1 Carcinoid tumors, intestinal; 114900; SDHD Cardiac arrhythmia, ankyrin-B- ...
... carboxypeptidase A2 (CPA2), and carboxypeptidase B. This subfamily includes 6 carboxypeptidase A-like enzymes, numbered 1-6. ... Carboxypeptidase A3 (mast cell carboxypeptidase A), also known as CPA3, is an enzyme which in humans is encoded by the CPA3 ... and comparison of the protein with mouse mast cell carboxypeptidase A and rat pancreatic carboxypeptidases". Proceedings of the ... "Entrez Gene: CPA3 carboxypeptidase A3 (mast cell)". Reynolds DS, Gurley DS, Austen KF (January 1992). "Cloning and ...
Carboxypeptidase A5 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CPA5 gene. Carboxypeptidases have functions ranging from ... "Entrez Gene: CPA5 carboxypeptidase A5". Human CPA5 genome location and CPA5 gene details page in the UCSC Genome Browser. ... Members of the A/B subfamily of carboxypeptidases, such as CPA5, contain an approximately 90-amino acid pro region that assists ... 2003). "The imprinted region on human chromosome 7q32 extends to the carboxypeptidase A gene cluster: an imprinted candidate ...
Carboxypeptidase A4 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CPA4 gene. This gene is a member of the carboxypeptidase A/B ... "Entrez Gene: CPA4 carboxypeptidase A4". Human CPA3 genome location and CPA3 gene details page in the UCSC Genome Browser. Human ... Huang H, Reed CP, Zhang JS, Shridhar V, Wang L, Smith DI (Jul 1999). "Carboxypeptidase A3 (CPA3): a novel gene highly induced ... 2005). "Detailed molecular comparison between the inhibition mode of A/B-type carboxypeptidases in the zymogen state and by the ...
... (EC 3.4.15.5, dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase (Dcp), dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase) is an enzyme. It ... Yaron A (1976). "Dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase from Escherichia coli". Methods in Enzymology. 45: 599-610. doi:10.1016/s0076-6879 ... Conlin CA, Miller CG (1995). "Dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase and oligopeptidase A from Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium ...
The structure of carboxypeptidase A. VI. Some Results at 2.0-A Resolution, and the Complex with Glycyl-Tyrosine at 2.8-A ... The Structure of Carboxypeptidase A, IV. Prelimitary Results at 2.8 A Resolution, and a Substrate Complex at 6 A Resolution. ... The structure of carboxypeptidase A. VII. The 2.0-angstrom resolution studies of the enzyme and of its complex with ... "The Structure of Carboxypeptidase A. III. Molecular Structure at 6 A Resolution," J Mol. Biol. 19, 423-441 (1966). Ludwig, M. L ...
Retinoid-inducible serine carboxypeptidase is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the SCPEP1 gene. GRCh38: Ensembl release ... Chen J, Streb JW, Maltby KM, Kitchen CM, Miano JM (Sep 2001). "Cloning of a novel retinoid-inducible serine carboxypeptidase ... "Entrez Gene: SCPEP1 serine carboxypeptidase 1". Robb GB, Rana TM (2007). "RNA helicase A interacts with RISC in human cells and ...
Probable serine carboxypeptidase CPVL is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CPVL gene. The "CPVL" gene is expressed ... "Entrez Gene: CPVL carboxypeptidase, vitellogenic-like". Harris J, Schwinn N, Mahoney JA, Lin HH, Shaw M, Howard CJ, da Silva RP ... Although the primary sequence of CPVL bears every hallmarks of a serine carboxypeptidase, the enzymatic function of CPVL has ... The designation of CPVL is a true serine carboxypeptidase. Although the primary sequence displays the expected serine ...
Carboxypeptidase A (left) was the first protein structure from Lipscomb's group. Carboxypeptidase A is a digestive enzyme, a ... Carboxypeptidase A digests by chopping off certain amino acids one-by-one from one end of a protein. The size of this structure ... "The Structure of Carboxypeptidase A, IV. Prelimitary Results at 2.8 A Resolution, and a Substrate Complex at 6 A Resolution". ... Carboxypeptidase A was a much larger molecule than anything solved previously. Aspartate carbamoyltransferase. (right) was the ...
1968 - Papain 1969 - Carboxypeptidase A is a zinc metalloprotease. Its crystal structure (PDB file 1CPA) showed the first ... Rees DC, Lipscomb WN (1982). "Refined crystal structure of the potato inhibitor complex of carboxypeptidase A at 2.5 A ... Later a small protein inhibitor of carboxypeptidase was solved (PDB file 4CPA) that mechanically stops the catalysis by ... "The structure of carboxypeptidase A, VII. The 2.0-Å resolution studies of the enzyme and of its complex with glycyltyrosine, ...
... produces streptomycin II and carboxypeptidase. List of Streptomyces species LPSN bacterio.net ... "Carboxypeptidase from Streptomyces bikiniensis: Primary structure, isolation, and properties". Biochemistry (Moscow). 75 (8): ...
"Molecular cloning and sequencing of the cDNA for human membrane-bound carboxypeptidase M. Comparison with carboxypeptidases A, ... Carboxypeptidase M is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CPM gene. The protein encoded by this gene is a membrane-bound ... "Entrez Gene: CPM carboxypeptidase M". Human CPM genome location and CPM gene details page in the UCSC Genome Browser. Fujiwara ... Nagae A, Deddish PA, Becker RP, Anderson CH, Abe M, Tan F, Skidgel RA, Erdös EG (December 1992). "Carboxypeptidase M in brain ...
Carboxypeptidase N catalytic chain is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CPN1 gene. Carboxypeptidase N is a plasma ... 2000). "Pro-carboxypeptidase R is an acute phase protein in the mouse, whereas carboxypeptidase N is not". J. Immunol. 165 (2 ... "Inactivation of C3a and C5a octapeptides by carboxypeptidase R and carboxypeptidase N.". Microbiol. Immunol. 46 (2): 131-4. doi ... "Entrez Gene: CPN1 carboxypeptidase N, polypeptide 1". Hoek KS, Schlegel NC, Eichhoff OM, et al. (2008). "Novel MITF targets ...
Matthews KW, Mueller-Ortiz SL, Wetsel RA (Jan 2004). "Carboxypeptidase N: a pleiotropic regulator of inflammation". Molecular ...
"Entrez Gene: CPN2 carboxypeptidase N, polypeptide 2". Human CPN2 genome location and CPN2 gene details page in the UCSC Genome ... Carboxypeptidase N subunit 2 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CPN2 gene. GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ... Riley DA, Tan F, Miletich DJ, Skidgel RA (Apr 1999). "Chromosomal localization of the genes for human carboxypeptidase D (CPD) ... "Amino acid sequence of the N-terminus and selected tryptic peptides of the active subunit of human plasma carboxypeptidase N: ...
Carboxypeptidase, which is a protease that takes off the terminal amino acid group from a protein ...
Lyons PJ, Callaway MB, Fricker LD (March 2008). "Characterization of carboxypeptidase A6, an extracellular matrix peptidase". ... carboxypeptidase A6 (CPA6), and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). These enzymes are sometimes referred to as enkephalinases ... the resulting intermediates are further reduced by the enzyme carboxypeptidase E (CPE; previously known as enkephalin ...
Lyons PJ, Callaway MB, Fricker LD (March 2008). "Characterization of carboxypeptidase A6, an extracellular matrix peptidase". ... They include: Aminopeptidase N (APN) Neutral endopeptidase (NEP) Dipeptidyl peptidase 3 (DPP3) Carboxypeptidase A6 (CPA6) ...
The digestive enzyme carboxypeptidase became the second known zinc-containing enzyme in 1955. Zinc is the fourth most common ... Carboxypeptidase cleaves peptide linkages during digestion of proteins. A coordinate covalent bond is formed between the ... Two examples of zinc-containing enzymes are carbonic anhydrase and carboxypeptidase, which are vital to the processes of carbon ...
Probable carboxypeptidase X1 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CPXM1 gene. The protein encoded by this gene is a ... "Entrez Gene: CPXM1 carboxypeptidase X (M14 family), member 1". Human CPXM1 genome location and CPXM1 gene details page in the ... member of the M14 family of zinc carboxypeptidases; however, the protein has no detectable carboxypeptidase activity. The ...
... the pancreatic carboxypeptidase-like and the regulatory B-type carboxypeptidase subfamilies. Carboxypeptidase D has been ... "Sequence of human carboxypeptidase D reveals it to be a member of the regulatory carboxypeptidase family with three tandem ... Carboxypeptidase D is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CPD gene. The metallocarboxypeptidase family of enzymes is ... "Entrez Gene: CPD carboxypeptidase D". Andersson B, Wentland MA, Ricafrente JY, Liu W, Gibbs RA (Apr 1996). "A "double adaptor" ...
CPN2: Carboxypeptidase N subunit 2. *CPOX: coproporphyrinogen oxidase (coproporphyria, harderoporphyria). *DPPA2: Developmental ...
There is evidence that the receptor in the closely related duck hepatitis B virus is carboxypeptidase D. The virions bind to ... Tong S, Li J, Wands JR (1999). "Carboxypeptidase D is an avian hepatitis B virus receptor". Journal of Virology. 73 (10): 8696- ...
... (EC 3.4.18.1, cathepsin B2, cysteine-type carboxypeptidase, cathepsin IV, cathepsin Z, acid carboxypeptidase, ... lysosomal carboxypeptidase B) is an enzyme. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction Release of C-terminal amino ... A cysteine protease with unique carboxypeptidase activity". Biochemistry. 38 (39): 12648-54. doi:10.1021/bi991371z. PMID ...
It is an exopeptidase with strict carboxypeptidase activity, while most other cathepsins are endopeptidases. Cathepsin Z has an ... A cysteine protease with unique carboxypeptidase activity". Biochemistry. 38 (39): 12648-54. doi:10.1021/bi991371z. PMID ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Rees, DC; Lewis M (1983). "Refined crystal structure of carboxypeptidase a at 1.54 Å ...
... is a member of carboxypeptidase A protein family. The protein may function as a transcriptional repressor ... Muise AM, Ro HS (1999). "Enzymic characterization of a novel member of the regulatory B-like carboxypeptidase with ... Tumelty KE, Smith BD, Nugent MA, Layne MD (2014). "Aortic carboxypeptidase-like protein (ACLP) enhances lung myofibroblast ... Song L, Fricker LD (1997). "Cloning and expression of human carboxypeptidase Z, a novel metallocarboxypeptidase". The Journal ...
Carboxypeptidase T (EC 3.4.17.18, CPT) is an enzyme.[1][2][3] This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction ... an extracellular carboxypeptidase of thermophilic actinomycetes - a remote analog of animal carboxypeptidases". Biochemistry ( ... Carboxypeptidase T at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) ... "Crystal structure of carboxypeptidase T from Thermoactinomyces vulgaris". Eur. J. Biochem. 208: 281-288. doi:10.1111/j.1432- ...
D-alanyl-D-alanine-cleaving carboxypeptidase, DD-carboxypeptidase, G enzyme, DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase) is an enzyme. ... Zinc D-Ala-D-Ala carboxypeptidase at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) Molecular and Cellular ... Zinc D-Ala-D-Ala carboxypeptidase (EC 3.4.17.14, Zn2+ G peptidase, D-alanyl-D-alanine hydrolase, ... "The complete amino acid sequence of the Zn2+-containing D-alanyl-D-alanine-cleaving carboxypeptidase of Streptomyces albus G". ...
Peptidase M14 Carboxypeptidase (CP) B2 (CPB2, also known as plasma carboxypeptidase B, carboxypeptidase U, CPU, and thrombin- ... Carboxypeptidase U (TAFIa): a metallocarboxypeptidase with a distinct role in haemostasis and a possible risk factor for ...
... an alanine carboxypeptidase bradykinin is broken down among other enzymes by carboxypeptidase N D-Ala carboxypeptidase is a ... The first carboxypeptidases studied were those involved in the digestion of food (pancreatic carboxypeptidases A1, A2, and B). ... Carboxypeptidase E Carboxypeptidase A Enzyme category EC number 3.4 Thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor aka plasma ... In the case of pancreatic carboxypeptidase A, the inactive zymogen form - pro-carboxypeptidase A - is converted to its active ...
Definition of carboxypeptidase A. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ... carboxypeptidase A. Pronunciation: kar-bok′sē-pep′ti-dās. Definition: A hydrolase that releases C-terminal amino acids, with ...
The term carboxypeptidase P may refer to: Lysosomal Pro-X carboxypeptidase Membrane Pro-X carboxypeptidase This set index page ...
Escherichia coli mutants defective in dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase. C E Deutch and R L Soffer ... Two independent mutants of Escherichia coli deficient in dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase activity (Dep-) were isolated after ... mutants may prove useful for delineating the regulation and cellular function of dipeptidyl carboxypeptidases in higher ... a potent inhibitor of mammalian dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase (angiotensin-converting enzyme, peptidyl dipeptidase, EC 3.4.15.1 ...
carboxypeptidase synonyms, carboxypeptidase pronunciation, carboxypeptidase translation, English dictionary definition of ... carboxypeptidase. n. Any of several enzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of the terminal amino acid of a polypeptide from the ... Related to carboxypeptidase: dipeptidase, Carboxypeptidase B, Carboxypeptidase E, Carboxypeptidase c, carboxypeptidase G2 car· ... Carboxypeptidase - definition of carboxypeptidase by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/carboxypeptidase ...
This entry represents the carboxypeptidase domain found in carboxypeptidase (CP) E (CPE, also known as carboxypeptidase H, and ... Primary structure of carboxypeptidase T: delineation of functionally relevant features in Zn-carboxypeptidase family.. J. ... The carboxypeptidase A family can be divided into four subfamilies: M14A (carboxypeptidase A or digestive), M14B ( ... Carboxypeptidase E in the mouse placenta.. Differentiation 74 648-60 2006. Rawlings ND, Barrett AJ. Evolutionary families of ...
Dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation ... Words nearby dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase. dip circle, DipCom, DipEd, dipeptidase, dipeptide, dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase, ...
Low P.S., Yuan J. (1996) Rapid Epitope Mapping by Carboxypeptidase Digestion and Immunoblotting. In: Walker J.M. (eds) The ... Hayashi, R., Moore, S., and Stein, W. H. (1973) Carboxypeptidase from yeast:Large scale preparation and the application to COOH ...
Preferential cleavage:
Chowdhury C, Nayak TR, Young KD et al (2010) A weak DD-carboxypeptidase activity explains the inability of PBP 6 to substitute ... Pal S., Ghosh A.S. (2019) PBP Isolation and DD-Carboxypeptidase Assay. In: Biswas I., Rather P. (eds) Acinetobacter baumannii. ... PBPs are also involved in PG remodeling by catalyzing DD-carboxypeptidase (DD-CPase) and endopeptidase reactions. Though the ... Ghosh AS, Chowdhury C, Nelson DE (2008) Physiological functions of D-alanine carboxypeptidases in Escherichia coli. Trends ...
This article focuses on four human carboxypeptidases (CPs): two metallo-CPs and two serine CPs. The metallo-CPs are members of ... Cellular carboxypeptidases Immunol Rev. 1998 Feb;161:129-41. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-065x.1998.tb01577.x. ... This article focuses on four human carboxypeptidases (CPs): two metallo-CPs and two serine CPs. The metallo-CPs are members of ...
Similar to that of carboxypeptidase A EC 3.4.17.1, but with a preference for bulkier C-terminal residues. UniProt ...
Plasma carboxypeptidase B (CPB), which is activated by the thrombin/thrombomodulin complex, plays a procoagulant role during ...
Lysosomal protective protein, EC 3.4.16.5 (Carboxypeptidase C) (Carboxypeptidase L) (Cathepsin A) (Protective protein cathepsin ... CarboxypeptidaseUniRule annotation. ,p>Information which has been generated by the UniProtKB automatic annotation system, ... tr,U3KQU6,U3KQU6_HUMAN Carboxypeptidase OS=Homo sapiens OX=9606 GN=CTSA PE=1 SV=1 ...
Compare carboxypeptidase A4 ELISA Kits from leading suppliers on Biocompare. View specifications, prices, citations, reviews, ... carboxypeptidase A4 ELISA Kits. The ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is a well-established antibody-based tool for ... Your search returned 53 carboxypeptidase A4 ELISA ELISA Kit across 8 suppliers. ...
Rabbit polyclonal Carboxypeptidase A antibody validated for WB and tested in Human, Mouse, Rat and Pig. Immunogen corresponding ... All lanes : Anti-Carboxypeptidase A antibody (ab63806) at 4 µg/ml. Lane 1 : Jurkat cell lysate. Lane 2 : Jurkat cell lysate. ... Carboxypeptidase that catalyzes the release of a C-terminal amino acid, but has little or no action with -Asp, -Glu, -Arg, -Lys ...
Compare carboxypeptidase, vitellogenic like ELISA Kits from leading suppliers on Biocompare. View specifications, prices, ... carboxypeptidase, vitellogenic like ELISA Kits. The ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is a widely used application for ... Your search returned 24 carboxypeptidase, vitellogenic like ELISA ELISA Kit across 3 suppliers. ...
Anti-Carboxypeptidase Y antibody conjugated to Biotin validated for WB, ELISA, IM, Dot. Immunogen corresponding to full length ... This antibody has been assayed against 1.0µg of Carboxypeptidase Y in a standard capture ELISA using Peroxidase conjugated ...
Human glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII; EC 3.4.17.21) is an established marker for prostate-cancer diagnosis as well as a ... A high-resolution structure of ligand-free human glutamate carboxypeptidase II.. Barinka C1, Starkova J, Konvalinka J, ... A high-resolution structure of ligand-free human glutamate carboxypeptidase II. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst ... A high-resolution structure of ligand-free human glutamate carboxypeptidase II. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst ...
Potent inhibitor of pancreatic carboxypeptidase A with a Ki of 27 nM, and of the serine proteases trypsin, chymotrypsin and ...
Downloading a figure as powerpoint requires a browser with javascript support. Enable javascript and try again For help please contact [email protected] ...
Carboxypeptidase Z an extracellular protein in zebrafish development. Historically the skeleton, in particular bone, was ... the protein carboxypeptidase Z (Cpz) was selected for further analysis. This peptidase has previously been implicated in the ...
Antibodies to human carboxypeptidase B and methods of use thereof. US5593674. Apr 27, 1995. Jan 14, 1997. Genentech, Inc.. ... Carboxypeptidases are proteases that hydrolyze the peptide bonds at the carboxy-terminal end of a chain of amino acids and have ... Plasma carboxypeptidase. US5837458. May 20, 1996. Nov 17, 1998. Maxygen, Inc.. Methods and compositions for cellular and ... Regulation of human zinc carboxypeptidase b-like protein. US20080003673 *. Sep 6, 2005. Jan 3, 2008. Alejandro Abuin. Novel ...
Browse our Carboxypeptidase M Lysate catalog backed by our Guarantee+. ... We offer Carboxypeptidase M Lysates for use in common research applications: Western Blot. Each Carboxypeptidase M Lysate is ... Our Carboxypeptidase M Lysates can be used in a variety of model species: Human. Use the list below to choose the ... Carboxypeptidase M lysate, CPM lysate, EC 3.4.17 lysate, EC 3.4.17.12 lysate ...
Browse our Carboxypeptidase M Protein catalog backed by our Guarantee+. ... Carboxypeptidase M Proteins. We offer Carboxypeptidase M Peptides and Carboxypeptidase M Proteins for use in common research ... Our Carboxypeptidase M Peptides and Carboxypeptidase M Proteins can be used in a variety of model species: Human. Use the list ... Each Carboxypeptidase M Peptide and Carboxypeptidase M Protein is fully covered by our Guarantee+, to give you complete peace ...
Cytosolic carboxypeptidase 4 (EC:3.4.17.-*Search proteins in UniProtKB for this EC number. ... sp,Q96MI9,CBPC4_HUMAN Cytosolic carboxypeptidase 4 OS=Homo sapiens OX=9606 GN=AGBL1 PE=1 SV=3 ...
Carboxypeptidase A1 Polyclonal Antibody from Invitrogen for Western Blot and Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin) applications. This ... Protein Aliases: Carboxypeptidase A1; carboxypeptidase A1 (pancreatic); CPA; pancreatic carboxypeptidase A Gene Aliases: CPA; ... Cite Carboxypeptidase A1 Polyclonal Antibody. The following antibody was used in this experiment: Carboxypeptidase A1 ... A synthetic peptide derived from the internal region of human CARBOXYPEPTIDASE A1 ...
  • Carboxypeptidase T ( EC 3.4.17.18 , CPT ) is an enzyme . (wikipedia.org)
  • Zinc D-Ala-D-Ala carboxypeptidase (EC 3.4.17.14, Zn2+ G peptidase, D-alanyl-D-alanine hydrolase, D-alanyl-D-alanine-cleaving carboxypeptidase, DD-carboxypeptidase, G enzyme, DD-carboxypeptidase-transpeptidase) is an enzyme. (wikipedia.org)
  • Enzyme activity was highly sensitive to inhibition by 1-(D-3-mercapto-2-methylpropanoyl)-L-proline (SQ 14225), a potent inhibitor of mammalian dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase (angiotensin-converting enzyme, peptidyl dipeptidase, EC 3.4.15.1). (pnas.org)
  • The "go or grow" poten-tial of gliomas is linked to the neuropeptide processing enzyme carboxypeptidase E and mediated by metabolic stress. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • With a New York University Cancer Institute colleague, the researchers reported that the mixture of free-floating blood proteins created by the enzyme carboxypeptidase N accurately predicted the presence of early-stage breast cancer tissue in mice and in a small population of human patients. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Researchers from the Houston Methodist Research Institute and New York University Cancer Institute, conducted experiments on mice models and breast cancer patients, and found that a mixture of free-floating blood proteins created by carboxypeptidase N or CPN (an enzyme that plays a major role in modifying proteins after they are being created), accurately signalled the early stages of the deadly disease. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • PCR detection of the insertion/ deletion polymorphism of the human angiotensin converting enzyme gene (DCP1) (dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase 1). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Members of the carboxypeptidase A family are synthesised as inactive molecules with propeptides that must be cleaved to activate the enzyme. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Hyperproinsulinaemia in obese fat/fat mice associated with a carboxypeptidase E mutation which reduces enzyme activity. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • In the case of pancreatic carboxypeptidase A, the inactive zymogen form - pro-carboxypeptidase A - is converted to its active form - carboxypeptidase A - by the enzyme trypsin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term carboxypeptidase P may refer to: Lysosomal Pro-X carboxypeptidase Membrane Pro-X carboxypeptidase This set index page lists enzyme articles associated with the same name. (wikipedia.org)
  • A high-resolution carboxypeptidase-Zn 2+ -citrate complex was studied by X-ray diffraction and enzyme kinetics for the first time. (hindawi.com)
  • The citrate molecule acts as a competitive inhibitor of this benchmark zinc-dependent peptidase, chelating the catalytic zinc ion in the active site of the enzyme and inducing a conformational change such that carboxypeptidase adopts the conformation expected to occur by substrate binding. (hindawi.com)
  • Production of MTX from MTX-Phe, catalyzed by bovine pancreas carboxypeptidase A (CPA), was 250-fold faster than the corresponding reaction involving methotrexate-α-alanine, previously the best MTX peptide substrate for the enzyme. (aacrjournals.org)
  • A carboxypeptidase B-like enzyme was detected in the soluble fraction of purified insulin secretory granules, and implicated in insulin biosynthesis. (portlandpress.com)
  • Human CPN (carboxypeptidase N) is a tetrameric plasma enzyme containing two glycosylated 83 kDa non-catalytic/regulatory subunits that carry and protect two active catalytic subunits. (biochemj.org)
  • Reduced expression of carboxypeptidase E (CPE), a neuropeptide-processing enzyme, in a cell death-resistant glioma cell line and lower CPE expression levels in the cohort of GBM samples of The Cancer Genome Atlas compared to normal brain control specimens prompted us to analyze the function of CPE as a putative tumor suppressor gene. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The D-alanyl-d-alanine carboxypeptidase enzyme is essential for virulence in the Schu S4 strain of Francisella tularensis and a dacD mutant is able to provide protection against a pneumonic challenge. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The enzyme L,D-carboxypeptidase A is involved in the recycling of bacterial peptidoglycan and is essential in Escherichia coli during stationary phase. (synbiosis.com)
  • Trypsin is capable of converting native enzyme to the active enzyme, carboxypeptidase B II in vitro. (creative-enzymes.com)
  • Glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII) is an enzyme encoded by the FOLH1 (folate hydrolase 1) gene. (reportsnreports.com)
  • There is no trace of other enzyme (such as carboxypeptidase A and chymotrypsin) activity. (polstate.com)
  • Most scientists in the field now refer to this enzyme as CPA1 , and to a related pancreatic carboxypeptidase as CPA2 . (chemeurope.com)
  • The NH2-terminal amino acid sequence was determined and turned out to be identical to the NH2-terminal sequence of the membrane-bound carboxypeptidase M. By precipitation with antibodies MAX.1 and MAX.11, membrane preparations of macrophages and placental microvilli were almost completely depleted of enzyme activity, indicating that the two antibodies indeed recognize carboxypeptidase M. Immunoreactivity of both antibodies correlates with the reported tissue distribution of enzyme activity. (uni-regensburg.de)
  • Carboxypeptidase E is a peptide processing enzyme, involved in cleaving numerous peptide precursors, including neuropeptides and hormones involved in appetite control and glucose metabolism. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Humans, animals, bacteria and plants contain several types of carboxypeptidases that have diverse functions ranging from catabolism to protein maturation. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the identification of potential regulatory proteins in the developing zebrafish skeleton during the MS-based approach, the protein carboxypeptidase Z (Cpz) was selected for further analysis. (wur.nl)
  • We offer Carboxypeptidase M Peptides and Carboxypeptidase M Proteins for use in common research applications: Blocking/Neutralizing, Control, ELISA, Protein Array, Western Blot. (novusbio.com)
  • Each Carboxypeptidase M Peptide and Carboxypeptidase M Protein is fully covered by our Guarantee+, to give you complete peace of mind and the support when you need it. (novusbio.com)
  • The protein encoded by CPA6 belongs to the family of carboxypeptidases, which catalyze the release of C-terminal amino acid, and have functions ranging from digestion of food to selective biosynthesis of neuroendocrine peptides. (antikoerper-online.de)
  • We show here that the Caenorhabditis elegans egl-21 gene encodes a protein that is very similar to carboxypeptidase E (CPE) and is broadly expressed in the nervous system. (jneurosci.org)
  • Jager M, Lee MJ, Li C, Farmer SR, Fried SK, Layne MD. Aortic carboxypeptidase-like protein enhances adipose tissue stromal progenitor differentiation into myofibroblasts and is upregulated in fibrotic white adipose tissue. (harvard.edu)
  • The protein encoded by this gene is activated by trypsin and acts on carboxypeptidase B substrates. (genetex.com)
  • PGCP was co-purified from human placenta with lysosomal carboxypeptidase, cathepsin A, lysosomal endopeptidase, cathepsin D, and a gamma-interferon-inducible protein, IP-30, using an affinity chromatography on a Phe-Leu-agarose column. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Recombinant Rat Carboxypeptidase-B is a 35.1 kDa protein consisting of 307 amino acids. (biovendor.com)
  • Analysis of the purified carboxypeptidase by SDS/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis under either reducing or non-reducing conditions showed it to be a monomeric protein of apparent Mr 55,000. (portlandpress.com)
  • In this study, the regulation of aortic carboxypeptidase-like protein (ACLP) expression in VSMCs was investigated. (ahajournals.org)
  • Carboxypeptidase B (EC 3.4.17.2), also well known as protaminase, pancreatic procarboxy-peptidase B (PCPB), tissue carboxypeptidase B, peptidyl-L-lysine (L-arginine) hydrolaseis a highly pancreas-specific protein (PASP), and has been identified previously as a serum marker for acute pancreatitis and pancreatic graft rejection. (creative-enzymes.com)
  • Carboxypeptidase B2, also known as Carboxypeptidase U, Thrombin-activable fibrinolysis inhibitor, Plasma carboxypeptidase B, CPB2, is a secreted protein which belongs to the peptidase M14 family. (creativebiomart.net)
  • Glutamate Carboxypeptidase 2 (Folate Hydrolase 1 or Prostate Specific Membrane Antigen or PSMA or Pteroylpoly Gamma Glutamate Carboxypeptidase or Cell Growth Inhibiting Gene 27 Protein or FOLH1 or EC 3.4.17.21) - Glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII) is a membrane-bound binuclear zinc metallopeptidase with the highly expressed in nervous and prostatic tissue. (reportsnreports.com)
  • Glutamate Carboxypeptidase 2 (Folate Hydrolase 1 or Prostate Specific Membrane Antigen or PSMA or Pteroylpoly Gamma Glutamate Carboxypeptidase or Cell Growth Inhibiting Gene 27 Protein or FOLH1 or EC 3.4.17.21) pipeline Target constitutes close to 9 molecules. (reportsnreports.com)
  • The latest report Glutamate Carboxypeptidase 2 - Pipeline Review, H2 2017, outlays comprehensive information on the Glutamate Carboxypeptidase 2 (Folate Hydrolase 1 or Prostate Specific Membrane Antigen or PSMA or Pteroylpoly Gamma Glutamate Carboxypeptidase or Cell Growth Inhibiting Gene 27 Protein or FOLH1 or EC 3.4.17.21) targeted therapeutics, complete with analysis by indications, stage of development, mechanism of action (MoA), route of administration (RoA) and molecule type. (reportsnreports.com)
  • It also reviews key players involved in Glutamate Carboxypeptidase 2 (Folate Hydrolase 1 or Prostate Specific Membrane Antigen or PSMA or Pteroylpoly Gamma Glutamate Carboxypeptidase or Cell Growth Inhibiting Gene 27 Protein or FOLH1 or EC 3.4.17.21) targeted therapeutics development with respective active and dormant or discontinued projects. (reportsnreports.com)
  • Recombinant trypsin,recombinant carboxypeptidase B and recombinant protein A won the Shanghai high-tech achievement transformation project in Sep.2013. (polstate.com)
  • Additionally, the report provides an overview of key players involved in Glutamate Carboxypeptidase 2 (Folate Hydrolase 1 or Prostate Specific Membrane Antigen or PSMA or Pteroylpoly Gamma Glutamate Carboxypeptidase or Cell Growth Inhibiting Gene 27 Protein or FOLH1 or EC 3.4.17.21) targeted therapeutics development and features dormant and discontinued projects. (globalmarketsdirect.com)
  • The report analyses the pipeline products from therapy areas Oncology, Central Nervous System and Toxicologyunder development targeting Glutamate Carboxypeptidase 2 (Folate Hydrolase 1 or Prostate Specific Membrane Antigen or PSMA or Pteroylpoly Gamma Glutamate Carboxypeptidase or Cell Growth Inhibiting Gene 27 Protein or FOLH1 or EC 3.4.17.21). (globalmarketsdirect.com)
  • Our laboratory has identified a secreted matrix protein, aortic carboxypeptidase-like protein (ACLP), which is upregulated in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. (bu.edu)
  • Recommended name: Cytosolic carboxypeptidase-like protein 5 EC= 3.4.17. (cusabio.com)
  • It contains Human Carboxypeptidase A2 capture antibody, Human Carboxypeptidase A2 detector antibody (HRP) and a highly purified HEK293-expressed recombinant Human Carboxypeptidase A2 protein. (sinobiological.com)
  • Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA) is a transmembrane glutamate carboxypeptidase expressed on tumor-associated vasculature that positively regulates angiogenesis in a laminin-dependent manner. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Glutamate carboxypeptidase II: a polymorphism associated with lower levels of serum folate and hyperhomocysteinemia. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A high-resolution structure of ligand-free human glutamate carboxypeptidase II. (nih.gov)
  • 11CMCG: Synthesis, uptake selectivity, and primate PET of a probe for glutamate carboxypeptidase II (NAALADase). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Purification, cDNA cloning, and expression of a new human blood plasma glutamate carboxypeptidase homologous to N-acetyl-aspartyl-alpha-glutamate carboxypeptidase/prostate-specific membrane antigen. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • We describe the identification, cDNA cloning, and biochemical characterization of a new human blood plasma glutamate carboxypeptidase (PGCP). (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • PGCP showed significant amino acid sequence homology to several cocatalytic metallopeptidases including a glutamate carboxypeptidase II also known as N-acetyl-aspartyl-alpha-glutamate carboxypeptidase or as prostate-specific membrane antigen and expressed glutamate carboxypeptidase activity. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • ZJ 43 is a potent inhibitor of PSM and PSMAL (glutamate carboxypeptidase II and III). (adooq.com)
  • 2-MPPA is a selective glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCP-II) inhibitor used in the treatment of neurological disorders associated with excessive activation of glutamatergic systems. (adooq.com)
  • Inhibition of glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII) has been shown to be neuroprotective in multiple preclinical models in which dysregulated glutamatergic transmission is implicated. (elsevier.com)
  • A series of hydroxamic acids has been prepared as potential inhibitors of glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCP II). (elsevier.com)
  • Here we report a novel mechanism by which secreted plasma glutamate carboxypeptidase(PGCP) negatively involves Wnt/β-catenin signaling by DKK4 regulation in liver cancer metastasis. (oncotarget.com)
  • Glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCPII) is a membrane-bound binuclear zinc metallopeptidase with the highest expression levels found in the nervous and prostatic tissue. (eurekaselect.com)
  • C. Barinka, C. Rojas, B. Slusher and M. Pomper, " Glutamate Carboxypeptidase II in Diagnosis and Treatment of Neurologic Disorders and Prostate Cancer", Current Medicinal Chemistry (2012) 19: 856. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Enzymes that use a metal in the active site are called "metallo-carboxypeptidases" (EC number 3.4.17). (wikipedia.org)
  • 14) Furthermore, environmental exposures, concomitant medication regimens, and the activities of other metabolic enzymes (eg, ACE, carboxypeptidase N) are also likely to influence bradykinin degradation and the risk for acute hypotensive transfusion reactions. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Carboxypeptidases are enzymes that hydrolyze C-terminal peptide bonds. (thermofisher.com)
  • According to their substrate specificity, these enzymes are referred to as carboxypeptidase A (cleaving aliphatic residues) or carboxypeptidase B (cleaving basic amino residues). (thermofisher.com)
  • The Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana ) genome encodes 51 proteins annotated as serine carboxypeptidase-like (SCPL) enzymes. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Deconjugation by pure carboxypeptidase A and B was also examined, and hydrolysis by these tissue fluids and enzymes was compared with that mediated by a bacterial cholyglycine hydrolase. (eurekamag.com)
  • Studies using pure enzymes showed that bovine carboxypeptidase A hydrolyzed the cholyl conjugates of the neutral L-.alpha. (eurekamag.com)
  • Shanghai Yaxin Biotechnology company was founded in 2008,which is a high-tech enterprise that focuses on researching and producing the recombinant proteins.YaxinBio is the first and only a company on researching and producing the recombinant carboxypeptidase B and recombinant trypsin.Animal original free enzymes are specially used in the human recombinant insulin production,and exporting abroad. (polstate.com)
  • 1) Recombinant carboxypeptidase B provides increased specific activity and eliminates contaminating proteases activities found in extracted enzymes with lower purity level. (polstate.com)
  • Carboxypeptidase B from Creative Enzymes has been used as a reference for assaying carboxypeptidase activity in lysed pituitary granules derived from the anterior and intermediate lobes of rat. (creative-enzymes.com)
  • This antibody has been assayed against 1.0µg of Carboxypeptidase Y in a standard capture ELISA using Peroxidase conjugated streptavidin and ABTS (2,2'-azino-bis-[3-ethylbenthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid]) as a substrate for 30 minutes at RT. (abcam.com)
  • The following antibody was used in this experiment: Carboxypeptidase A1 Polyclonal Antibody from Thermo Fisher Scientific, catalog # PA5-39610, RRID AB_2556162. (thermofisher.com)
  • Carboxypeptidase M Polyclonal antibody specifically detects Carboxypeptidase M in Human samples. (fishersci.com)
  • Carboxypeptidase B2/CPB2 Polyclonal antibody specifically detects Carboxypeptidase B2/CPB2 in Human samples. (fishersci.com)
  • Carboxypeptidase B antibody LS-C713312 is an HRP-conjugated rabbit polyclonal antibody to Carboxypeptidase B (CPB) from human, mouse and rat. (lsbio.com)
  • Carboxypeptidase B antibody LS-C503531 is an AP-conjugated rabbit polyclonal antibody to human Carboxypeptidase B (CPB). (lsbio.com)
  • Immunoperoxidase staining of human pancreas with Rabbit anti Bovine carboxypeptidase A1 antibody ( AHP2054 ) and HISTAR detection kit . (bio-rad-antibodies.com)
  • Rabbit anti Bovine Carboxypeptidase A1 antibody used for the evaluation of carboxypepridase and pro-carboxypeptidase in mouse tissue lysates by western blotting. (bio-rad-antibodies.com)
  • Antigens Carboxypeptidase A2_CPA2 antibody storage GENTAUR recommends for long therm storage to freeze at -24 C. For short time storage up to 30 days we suggest fridge storage at 1 to 10 C. Prevent multiple freeze taw cycles of Antigens Carboxypeptidase A2_CPA2. (antibody-antibodies.com)
  • Potent inhibitor of pancreatic carboxypeptidase A with a Ki of 27 nM, and of the serine proteases trypsin, chymotrypsin and pancreatic elastase, with Ki values of 6.9 nM, 1.83 nM and 4 nM, respectively. (rcsb.org)
  • 1998). Among the studied inhibitors, only two are specific for MCP, i.e. , the potato carboxypeptidase inhibitor (PCI) and its close homolog found in tomato plants (TCI). (bio-protocol.org)
  • Enhanced Co 2+ activation and inhibitor binding of carboxypeptidase M at low pH. (portlandpress.com)
  • Carboxypeptidase G2 (CPG2) Inhibitor is a novel Carboxypeptidase G2 (CPG2) Inhibitor, Antitumor agents. (adooq.com)
  • The inhibitor appeared to cause lysis of E. coli during stationary phase, behavior that is similar to a previously described deletion mutant of L,D-carboxypeptidase A (M. F. Templin, A. Ursinus, and J.-V. Holtje, EMBO J. 18:4108-4117, 1999). (synbiosis.com)
  • CPR (identical to carboxypeptidase U [CPU], plasma carboxypeptidase B [plasma CPB]) has also been described as an inhibitor of fibrinolysis, and termed TAFI (thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Herein, we report the discovery of β-lybatide, a novel carboxypeptidase inhibitor belonging to a different CRP family from the wolfberry plant. (ntu.edu.sg)
  • Biochemical assays showed that β-lybatide is a potent carboxypeptidase inhibitor which could contribute to the wolfberry biological activities. (ntu.edu.sg)
  • Together, our results show that β-lybatide is the first and the smallest plant-derived hyperstable carboxypeptidase inhibitor discovered from a functional food. (ntu.edu.sg)
  • Expression of carboxypeptidase M on mRNA level and enzymatic activity markedly increase during in vitro differentiation of monocytes, according to the described increase in MAX.1 and MAX.11 antigen expression. (uni-regensburg.de)
  • Other carboxypeptidases that use active site serine residues are called "serine carboxypeptidases" (EC number 3.4.16). (wikipedia.org)
  • Similar to that of carboxypeptidase A EC 3.4.17.1 , but with a preference for bulkier C-terminal residues. (rcsb.org)
  • carboxypeptidase A removes aromatic or branched hydrocarbons, while carboxypeptidase B removes positively charged terminal lysine or arginine amino acid residues. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The presence of a codon for isoleucine at the residues corresponding to codon 255 of rat CPA1 cDNA strongly suggests that the A form of human carboxypeptidase has been isolated. (nih.gov)
  • Proprotein convertases (PCs) cleave precursors after dibasic residues, and carboxypeptidases remove basic residues from the C terminals. (jneurosci.org)
  • Two critical processing steps are proteolytic cleavage after dibasic residues by proprotein convertases (PCs) and removal of the dibasic residues from the C terminals of the cleaved peptides by carboxypeptidases. (jneurosci.org)
  • Carboxypeptidase-E (CPE ) is a carboxypeptidase that cleaves C-terminal amino acid residues and is involved in the biosynthesis of peptide hormones and neurotransmitters. (prospecbio.com)
  • Carboxypeptidase-B sequentially cleaves C-terminal K and R residues. (biovendor.com)
  • Carboxypeptidases (CP), carboxypeptidase N (CPN) and carboxypeptidase R (CPR), have been reported as a protease, which can cleave carboxy-terminal arginine or lysine residues from biologically active peptides, such as C3a and C5a, and regulate their activity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Carboxypeptidase A usually refers to the pancreatic exopeptidase which hydrolyzes peptide bonds of C-terminal residues with aromatic or aliphatic side chains. (chemeurope.com)
  • Background Removal of C-terminal lysine residues that are continuously exposed in lysing fibrin is an established anti-fibrinolytic mechanism dependent on the plasma carboxypeptidase TAFIa, which also removes arginines that are exposed at the time of fibrinogen clotting by thrombin. (elsevier.com)
  • Carboxypeptidases are proteases that hydrolyze the peptide bonds at the carboxy-terminal end of a chain of amino acids and have been identified in a wide variety of cell types and animals. (google.com)
  • Activation peptide of carboxypeptidase B and anionic trypsinogen as early predictors of the severity of acute pancreatitis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Methotrexate-α-phenylalanine (MTX-Phe), a second-generation prodrug in the MTX α-peptide series designed for activation to MTX by carboxypeptidase-mAb conjugates, was synthesized by reaction of the p -nitrophenyl ester of 4-amino-4-deoxy-10-methylpteroic acid with l -glutamyl-α- l -phenylalanine. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The insulin-secretory-granule carboxypeptidase shared several properties of carboxypeptidase H from bovine adrenal medulla and pituitary. (portlandpress.com)
  • amino acids with similar specificity as observed for the human pancreatic juice, whereas bovine carboxypeptidase B cleaved the basic amino acid conjugates. (eurekamag.com)
  • SNP detection of carboxypeptidase E gene and its association with meat quality and carcass traits in Korean cattle. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This is the first report of a serine carboxypeptidase-like gene induced by gibberellins in reproductive and vegetative developing tissues in dicotyledoneous plants. (deepdyve.com)
  • This gene is a member of the carboxypeptidase A/B subfamily, and it is located in a cluster with three other family members on chromosome 7. (nih.gov)
  • Two independent mutants of Escherichia coli deficient in dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase activity (Dep-) were isolated after mutagenesis with ethyl methanesulfonate. (pnas.org)
  • Ghosh AS, Chowdhury C, Nelson DE (2008) Physiological functions of D-alanine carboxypeptidases in Escherichia coli . (springer.com)
  • Chowdhury C, Nayak TR, Young KD et al (2010) A weak DD-carboxypeptidase activity explains the inability of PBP 6 to substitute for PBP 5 in maintaining normal cell shape in Escherichia coli . (springer.com)
  • Septal and lateral wall localization of PBP5, the major D,D-carboxypeptidase of Escherichia coli, requires substrate recognition and membrane attachment. (harvard.edu)
  • CPB2 is activated by trypsin and acts on carboxypeptidase B substrates. (thermofisher.com)
  • Plasma levels of carboxypeptidase U (CPU, CPB2 or TAFIa) are elevated in patients with acute myocardial infarction. (nih.gov)
  • Recommend recombinant carboxypeptidase B lyophilized should be stored under 2-8℃ in sealed container. (polstate.com)
  • Stability:A sterile recombinant carboxypeptidase B lyophilized eliminates the risk of contamination and decreases the chances of activity loss in the process of transport and storage. (polstate.com)
  • Regulation of tissue inflammation by thrombin-activatable carboxypeptidase B (or TAFI). (semanticscholar.org)
  • Generated stable deletion mutant of TAFI with full carboxypeptidase activity without activation. (nih.gov)
  • Carboxypeptidase A2 ( CPA2 ) is a secreted pancreatic procarboxy -peptidase, and cleaves the C-terminal amide or ester bond of peptides that have a free C-terminal carboxyl group. (sinobiological.com)
  • YaxinBio is specialized in the research and the production of Animal Origin Free recombinant carboxypeptidase B and recombinant trypsin, which are of high importance for the production of human recombinant insulin. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Bioinformatics analysis revealed an additional 49 β-lybatide-like plant carboxypeptidase inhibitors. (ntu.edu.sg)
  • Objective To evaluate the impact of alterations in fibrin structure mediated by constitutive carboxypeptidase activity on the function of fibrin as a template for tissue plasminogen activator-(tPA) induced plasminogen activation and its susceptibility to digestion by plasmin. (elsevier.com)
  • Sun L, Guo C, Burnett J, Pan J, Yang Z, Ran Y, Sun D. Association between expression of Carboxypeptidase 4 and stem cell markers and their clinical significance in liver cancer development. (jcancer.org)
  • This study aimed to evaluate the expression of carboxypeptidase 4 (CPA4) in hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and liver cancer tissues, and revealed its clinical significance in liver cancer progression. (jcancer.org)
  • A novel subfamily of mouse cytosolic carboxypeptidases. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Loss of prolyl carboxypeptidase in two-kidney, one-clip goldblatt hypertensive mice. (harvard.edu)
  • Isolation, molecular cloning, and partial characterization of a novel carboxypeptidase B from human plasma. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Carboxypeptidases that cleave positively charged amino acids (arginine, lysine) are called carboxypeptidase B (B for basic). (wikipedia.org)
  • Cholyl-L-lysine and cholyl-L-arginine were also cleaved by serum and plasma, which are known to possess carboxypeptidase activity. (eurekamag.com)
  • Carboxypeptidase B (or peptidyl-L-lysine (-L-arginine) hydrolase) catalyzes the hydrolysis of the basic amino acids, lysine, arginine, and ornithine from the C-terminal position of polypeptides. (creative-enzymes.com)
  • Carboxypeptidase B is competitively inhibited by arginine and lysine. (polstate.com)
  • The fact that two of the least related proteins within this clade are acyltransferases rather than true serine carboxypeptidases suggests that some or all of the remaining members of this group may have similar activities. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Aspartic protease, [beta]-galactosidase, peroxidase and serine carboxypeptidase were detected in three Ephedra species. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • CPA (carboxypeptidase A) is another MC protease, co-localized with chymase in severe atherosclerotic lesions. (portlandpress.com)
  • Carboxypeptidase A4 (CPA4) is an extracellular metallocarboxypeptidase, which was closely associated with aggressiveness. (medsci.org)
  • These experiments indicate that glycine and taurine amidates of cholic acid differ from a number of other conjugates with neutral and basic amino acid in being resistant to hydrolysis by pancreatic and plasma carboxypeptidases. (eurekamag.com)
  • Your search returned 53 carboxypeptidase A4 ELISA ELISA Kit across 8 suppliers. (biocompare.com)
  • Your search returned 24 carboxypeptidase, vitellogenic like ELISA ELISA Kit across 3 suppliers. (biocompare.com)
  • NOS1AP regulates dendrite patterning of hippocampal neurons through a carboxypeptidase E-mediated pathway. (nih.gov)
  • Cytoplasmic carboxypeptidase 5 regulates tubulin glutamylation and zebrafish cilia formation and function. (harvard.edu)
  • Thrombin-activatable carboxypeptidase B cleavage of osteopontin regulates neutrophil survival and synoviocyte binding in rheumatoid arthritis. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Carboxypeptidase U (TAFIa): a metallocarboxypeptidase with a distinct role in haemostasis and a possible risk factor for thrombotic disease. (ebi.ac.uk)
  • Methods and results We used the stable carboxypeptidase B (CPB), which shows the same substrate specificity as TAFIa. (elsevier.com)
  • Carboxypeptidases are zinc-containing exopeptidases that catalyze the release of carboxy-terminal amino acids, and are synthesized as zymogens that are activated by proteolytic cleavage. (nih.gov)
  • A genomic clone for human carboxypeptidase has been isolated with a probe for rat CPA1 cDNA. (nih.gov)
  • Carbonell, Juan 2004-10-17 00:00:00 A cDNA clone encoding a serine carboxypeptidase (PsCP), isolated from young fruits of Pisum sativum L., was used to study the temporal and spatial expression and hormonal regulation of serine carboxypeptidase during reproductive and vegetative development. (deepdyve.com)
  • PBPs are also involved in PG remodeling by catalyzing DD-carboxypeptidase (DD-CPase) and endopeptidase reactions. (springer.com)
  • One Unit of carboxypeptidase B activity hydrolyzes one micromole of hippuryl-L-arginine per minute at 25℃, pH 7.65. (polstate.com)
  • Vancomycin and ristocetin are shown to inhibit the hydrolysis of sensitive peptides by the Streptomyces albus G D-alanyl-D carboxypeptidase and the mechanism of inhibition is discussed. (ac.be)
  • In this classification system, carboxypeptidases that have a stronger preference for those amino acids containing aromatic or branched hydrocarbon chains are called carboxypeptidase A (A for aromatic/aliphatic). (wikipedia.org)

Xaa = any amino acid residue
↓ = cleavage site
P6P5P4P3P2P1P1′
XaaXaaXaaXaaXaaXaanot Ser