A systemic agricultural fungicide and seed treatment agent.
Chemicals that kill or inhibit the growth of fungi in agricultural applications, on wood, plastics, or other materials, in swimming pools, etc.
Cytochromes of the b group that have alpha-band absorption of 563-564 nm. They occur as subunits in MITOCHONDRIAL ELECTRON TRANSPORT COMPLEX III.
NAD(P)H:(quinone acceptor) oxidoreductases. A family that includes three enzymes which are distinguished by their sensitivity to various inhibitors. EC 1.6.99.2 (NAD(P)H DEHYDROGENASE (QUINONE);) is a flavoprotein which reduces various quinones in the presence of NADH or NADPH and is inhibited by dicoumarol. EC 1.6.99.5 (NADH dehydrogenase (quinone)) requires NADH, is inhibited by AMP and 2,4-dinitrophenol but not by dicoumarol or folic acid derivatives. EC 1.6.99.6 (NADPH dehydrogenase (quinone)) requires NADPH and is inhibited by dicoumarol and folic acid derivatives but not by 2,4-dinitrophenol.
A water-soluble, colorless crystal with an acid taste that is used as a chemical intermediate, in medicine, the manufacture of lacquers, and to make perfume esters. It is also used in foods as a sequestrant, buffer, and a neutralizing agent. (Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p1099; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1851)
A species of bacteria isolated from soil.
A genus of basidiomycetous smut fungi comprising the loose smuts.
Planning, organizing, staffing, direction, and control of libraries.
The freedom of patients to review their own medical, genetic, or other health-related records.
A phylum of fungi that produce their sexual spores (basidiospores) on the outside of the basidium. It includes forms commonly known as mushrooms, boletes, puffballs, earthstars, stinkhorns, bird's-nest fungi, jelly fungi, bracket or shelf fungi, and rust and smut fungi.
A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.
One of the phthalimide fungicides.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the Old World MICE and RATS.
Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.
Compounds having the nitro group, -NO2, attached to carbon. When attached to nitrogen they are nitramines and attached to oxygen they are NITRATES.
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.
Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.
Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.
The active insecticidal constituent of CHRYSANTHEMUM CINERARIIFOLIUM flowers. Pyrethrin I is the pyretholone ester of chrysanthemummonocarboxylic acid and pyrethrin II is the pyretholone ester of chrysanthemumdicarboxylic acid monomethyl ester.
Food that is grown or manufactured in accordance with nationally regulated production standards that include restrictions on the use of pesticides, non-organic fertilizers, genetic engineering, growth hormones, irradiation, antibiotics, and non-organic ingredients.
Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.
The reduction or regulation of the population of noxious, destructive, or dangerous plants, insects, or other animals. This includes control of plants that serve as habitats or food sources for animal pests.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
The reduction or regulation of the population of mosquitoes through chemical, biological, or other means.
Substances used to destroy or inhibit the action of rats, mice, or other rodents.
An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.
Freedom of equipment from actual or potential hazards.
Substances found in many plants, containing the 4-hydroxycoumarin radical. They interfere with vitamin K and the blood clotting mechanism, are tightly protein-bound, inhibit mitochondrial and microsomal enzymes, and are used as oral anticoagulants.
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.
A flavoprotein oxidase complex that contains iron-sulfur centers. It catalyzes the oxidation of SUCCINATE to fumarate and couples the reaction to the reduction of UBIQUINONE to ubiquinol.
A flavoprotein containing oxidoreductase that catalyzes the dehydrogenation of SUCCINATE to fumarate. In most eukaryotic organisms this enzyme is a component of mitochondrial electron transport complex II.
A flavoprotein and iron sulfur-containing oxidoreductase complex that catalyzes the conversion of UBIQUINONE to ubiquinol. In MITOCHONDRIA the complex also couples its reaction to the transport of PROTONS across the internal mitochondrial membrane. The NADH DEHYDROGENASE component of the complex can be isolated and is listed as EC 1.6.99.3.
An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Derivatives of SUCCINIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain a 1,4-carboxy terminated aliphatic structure.
A series of oxidative reactions in the breakdown of acetyl units derived from GLUCOSE; FATTY ACIDS; or AMINO ACIDS by means of tricarboxylic acid intermediates. The end products are CARBON DIOXIDE, water, and energy in the form of phosphate bonds.
A lipid-soluble benzoquinone which is involved in ELECTRON TRANSPORT in mitochondrial preparations. The compound occurs in the majority of aerobic organisms, from bacteria to higher plants and animals.
A multienzyme complex responsible for the formation of ACETYL COENZYME A from pyruvate. The enzyme components are PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE (LIPOAMIDE); dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase; and LIPOAMIDE DEHYDROGENASE. Pyruvate dehydrogenase complex is subject to three types of control: inhibited by acetyl-CoA and NADH; influenced by the energy state of the cell; and inhibited when a specific serine residue in the pyruvate decarboxylase is phosphorylated by ATP. PYRUVATE DEHYDROGENASE (LIPOAMIDE)-PHOSPHATASE catalyzes reactivation of the complex. (From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed)
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
A neural crest tumor usually derived from the chromoreceptor tissue of a paraganglion, such as the carotid body, or medulla of the adrenal gland (usually called a chromaffinoma or pheochromocytoma). It is more common in women than in men. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
The practice of sending a patient to another program or practitioner for services or advice which the referring source is not prepared to provide.
The collective designation of three organizations with common membership: the European Economic Community (Common Market), the European Coal and Steel Community, and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). It was known as the European Community until 1994. It is primarily an economic union with the principal objectives of free movement of goods, capital, and labor. Professional services, social, medical and paramedical, are subsumed under labor. The constituent countries are Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. (The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997, p842)
Services provided by an individual ethicist (ETHICISTS) or an ethics team or committee (ETHICS COMMITTEES, CLINICAL) to address the ethical issues involved in a specific clinical case. The central purpose is to improve the process and outcomes of patients' care by helping to identify, analyze, and resolve ethical problems.
Consultation via remote telecommunications, generally for the purpose of diagnosis or treatment of a patient at a site remote from the patient or primary physician.
Form in which product is processed or wrapped and labeled. PRODUCT LABELING is also available.
A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.

Succinate:quinone oxidoreductase in the bacteria Paracoccus denitrificans and Bacillus subtilis. (1/16)

An overview of the present knowledge about succinate:quinone oxidoreductase in Paracoccus denitrificans and Bacillus subtilis is presented. P. denitrificans contains a monoheme succinate:ubiquinone oxidoreductase that is similar to that of mammalian mitochondria with respect to composition and sensitivity to carboxin. Results obtained with carboxin-resistant P. denitrificans mutants provide information about quinone-binding sites on the enzyme and the molecular basis for the resistance. B. subtilis contains a diheme succinate:menaquinone oxidoreductase whose activity is dependent on the electrochemical gradient across the cytoplasmic membrane. Data from studies of mutant variants of the B. subtilis enzyme combined with available crystal structures of a similar enzyme, Wolinella succinogenes fumarate reductase, substantiate a proposed explanation for the mechanism of coupling between quinone reductase activity and transmembrane potential.  (+info)

Construction of a homologous selectable marker gene for Lentinula edodes transformation. (2/16)

We cloned a gene for the iron sulfur protein (Ip) subunit from an edible mushroom, Lentinula edodes, and introduced a point mutation that confers carboxin resistance into it. The mutant gene successfully transformed L. edodes with high efficiency (9 transformants/2.5 microg vector DNA). Restriction enzyme-mediated integration (REMI) increased the transformation efficiency by about two-fold.  (+info)

Effect of the systemic fungicide carboxin on electron transport function in membranes of Micrococcus denitrificans. (3/16)

The systemic fungicide carboxin (5,6-dihydro-2-methyl-1,4-oxathiin-3-carboxanilide) inhibited oxidation of succinate by membranes prepared from Micrococcus denitrificans, the K(i) being 16 muM. Oxycarboxin (5,6-dihydro-2-methyl-1,4-oxathiin-3-carboxanilide-4,4-dioxide), F831 (5,6-dihydro-2-methyl-1,4-oxathiin-3-carboxanilide-4-oxide), and another succinate oxidase inhibitor, 4,4,4-trifluoro-1-(2-thienyl)-1,3-butanedione (TTB) were less effective inhibitors of succinate oxidation by membranes of M. denitrificans. Oxidation of other substrates (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, reduced form, d-lactate, l-lactate, malate, and d,l-alpha-hydroxybutyrate) was inhibited to a lesser degree by carboxin, and formate oxidation was entirely resistant. With all substrates tested, oxycarboxin, the dioxide analogue of carboxin, was less effective than carboxin. Carboxin also inhibited dichlorophenol indophenol (DCIP) reductase activities by these membranes in a manner both qualitatively and quantitatively similar to the inhibition of oxidation of the various substrates. The inhibition of DCIP reductase activities by TTB was qualitatively similar to carboxin, but TTB was a less effective inhibitor with all substrates tested. The inhibition of DCIP reductase by carboxin could be relieved by phenazine methosulfate with all substrates except d-lactate. Only slight inhibition of d-lactate-stimulated uptake of [(14)C]glycine by these membrane vesicles was seen with carboxin. Uptake of [(14)C]glycine could be stimulated to varying degrees with the other substrates tested, but in no case did carboxin cause significant inhibition. Membranes isolated from M. denitrificans are a useful system for investigating the mechanism of inhibition of electron transport function by carboxin, and the use of this system for evaluations of carboxin and its metabolites is suggested.  (+info)

3-nitropropionic acid is a suicide inhibitor of mitochondrial respiration that, upon oxidation by complex II, forms a covalent adduct with a catalytic base arginine in the active site of the enzyme. (4/16)

We report three new structures of mitochondrial respiratory Complex II (succinate ubiquinone oxidoreductase, E.C. 1.3.5.1) at up to 2.1 A resolution, with various inhibitors. The structures define the conformation of the bound inhibitors and suggest the residues involved in substrate binding and catalysis at the dicarboxylate site. In particular they support the role of Arg(297) as a general base catalyst accepting a proton in the dehydrogenation of succinate. The dicarboxylate ligand in oxaloacetate-containing crystals appears to be the same as that reported for Shewanella flavocytochrome c treated with fumarate. The plant and fungal toxin 3-nitropropionic acid, an irreversible inactivator of succinate dehydrogenase, forms a covalent adduct with the side chain of Arg(297). The modification eliminates a trypsin cleavage site in the flavoprotein, and tandem mass spectroscopic analysis of the new fragment shows the mass of Arg(297) to be increased by 83 Da and to have the potential of losing 44 Da, consistent with decarboxylation, during fragmentation.  (+info)

Oxathiin carboxanilide, a potent inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus reproduction. (5/16)

Oxathiin carboxanilide (OC), NSC 615985, a compound originally synthesized as a potential fungicide, was demonstrated to be highly active in preventing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-induced cell killing and in inhibiting HIV reproduction. Virus-infected CD4+ lymphocytes were completely protected by 0.5 microM OC, whereas no toxicity was observed at concentrations below 50 microM OC. Production of infectious virus, viral p24 antigen, and virion reverse transcriptase were reduced by OC at concentrations that prevented viral cell killing. A variety of CD4+ T-cell lines were protected by OC from HIV cytopathicity, and OC inhibited two distinct strains of HIV-1. However, HIV-2 infections were unaffected by OC. OC had no direct effect on virions of HIV or on the enzymatic activities of HIV reverse transcriptase or HIV protease. Time-limited treatments of cells with OC before, during, or after exposure of cells to virus failed to protect cells from the eventual cytopathic effects of HIV, and OC failed to inhibit the production of virus from cells in which infection was established or from chronically infected cells. We conclude that the highly active OC has a reversible effect on some early stage of HIV-1 reproduction and cytopathicity. Pilot in vivo experiments showed that circulating concentrations of OC exceeding 1 microM could be achieved and sustained in hamsters for at least a week with no remarkable toxicological sequelae. OC represents a new class of anti-HIV agents that are promising candidates for drug development.  (+info)

Structure of Escherichia coli succinate:quinone oxidoreductase with an occupied and empty quinone-binding site. (6/16)

 (+info)

Five carboxin-resistant mutants exhibited various responses to carboxin and related fungicides. (7/16)

Five carboxin-resistant mutants from Aspergillus oryzae were characterized by the sensitivities of their mycelial growth and succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) activity to carboxin and three related fungicides. Despite a significant resistance to carboxin, exhibited by all the mutants, their patterns of sensitivity to the other fungicides was distinct. This provides clues to the molecular interaction between SDH and these fungicides.  (+info)

Molecular characterization of boscalid resistance in field isolates of Botrytis cinerea from apple. (8/16)

 (+info)

UC 38, a simple analog of oxathiin carboxanilide, UC 84, lacking the oxathiin ring, was found to be a potent inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-induced cell killing and HIV replication in a variety of human cell lines, as well as in human peripheral blood lymphocytes and macrophages. UC 38 was active against a wide range of biologically diverse laboratory and clinical strains of HIV-1. However, UC 38 was inactive against HIV-2 and both nevirapine- and pyridinone-resistant strains of HIV-1. UC 38 selectively inhibited HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT), but not HIV-2 RT. Combination of UC 38 with 3-azido-3-deoxythymidine synergistically inhibited HIV-induced cell killing. An HIV-1 isolate resistant to UC 38 was selected in cell culture, and the mutations in the RT nucleotide sequences were determined. Comparison with the wild-type RT sequence revealed an amino acid change at position 181 (Tyr to Cys). The UC 38-resistant virus was found to be cross-resistant to a variety of ...
Rights: This volume was digitized and made accessible online due to deterioration of the original print copy. If you are the author of this work and would like to have online access removed, please contact the Library Administration Office, 785-532-7400, [email protected] ...
HCPCS Code: l0150. HCPCS Code Description: Cervical, semi-rigid, adjustable molded chin cup (plastic collar with mandibular/occipital piece)
Mono- and Stereopictres of 5.0 Angstrom coordination sphere of Potassium atom in PDB 2wqy: Remodelling Of Carboxin Binding to the Q-Site of Avian Respiratory Complex II
Chemet offers public health insecticides for Seed Treatment including Captan, Imidacloprid, Carboxin, Metaxyl, Captafol from Bharuch, India.
Succinate dehydrogenase inhibitor (SDHI) fungicides are currently represented in New Zealand by eight active ingredients bixafen boscalid carboxin fluaxapyroxad fluopyram isopyrazam penthiopyrad and sedaxane They are either currently registered or undergoing development in New Zealand for use against a range of ascomycete and basiodiomycete pathogens in crops including cereals ryegrass seed apples pears grapes stonefruit cucurbits and kiwifruit These fungicides are considered to have medium to high risk of resistance development and resistance management is recommended by the Fungicide Resistance Action Committee (FRAC) in Europe Guidelines are presented for use of SDHI fungicides in New Zealand to help avoid or delay the development of resistance in the fungal pathogens that they target ...
Background Thuricin CD is a two-component antimicrobial, belonging to the recently designated sactibiotic subclass of bacteriocins. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of thuricin CD, as well as the antibiotics, tigecycline, vancomycin, teicoplanin, rifampicin and nitazoxanide when used independently and when combined at low concentrations on the viability of Clostridium difficile 20291 R027, TL178 R002, Liv022 R106, DPC6350 and VPI10463 biofilms and planktonic cells. Results On the basis of XTT (2,3-bis[2-methyloxy-4-nitro-5-sulphophenyl]-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide)-menadione biofilm viability assays, we found that thuricin CD was effective against biofilms of R027, Liv022 R106 and DPC6350 when used independently while nitazoxanide and rifampicin were also potent against biofilms of R027 and DPC6350, when applied on their own. Tigecycline was found to be effective against R027 and DPC6350 biofilms, whereas teicoplanin and vancomycin when used independently were only ...
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Flutolanil is a systemic fungicide for use specifically against basidiomycetes. It inhibits the hyphal growth and infection cushion formation. It ...
Succinate dehydrogenase (Sdh) inhibitor fungicides, such as boscalid, are effective for the management of gray mold caused by the fungal pathogen Botrytis cinerea. Unfortunately, resistance to boscalid was common among isolates of the pathogen from small fruits grown in Oregon. Boscalid-resistance is commonly associated with mutations in Sdh, especially in subunit B. SdhB was sequenced from five boscalid-sensitive and five boscalid-resistant isolates of B. cinerea. A majority of the boscalid-resistant isolates had a single nucleotide polymorphism at codon 272 resulting in a substitution of histidine with arginine (H272R). The boscalid-sensitive isolates did not harbor this mutation. The transposons Boty and Flipper also were found within the genomes of the resistant strains, but not boscalid-sensitive isolates. Additionally, a pattern was found to exist between the transposons present within the strains and source location. Additional studies with a greater number of isolates are required to ...
Parinov V.Ya.; Trushule M.; Lukevics E. Comparative pharmacokinetics of fungicides 3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)acrylic acid (5-NFAA) and 3-(5-nitro-2-furyl)acroleinoxime (5-NFAO) in rats and rabbits . Abstracts of lectures a. posters. S.l, 8th International symposium Systemic fungicides a. antifungal compounds; , 1986 ...
Chemicals & Allied Products - Manufacturer of Agricultural Herbicides, Agricultural Insecticide & Systemic Fungicides from Deoria, Uttar Pradesh, India
Background: Thuricin CD is a two-component antimicrobial, belonging to the recently designated sactibiotic subclass of bacteriocins. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of thuricin CD, as well as the antibiotics, tigecycline, vancomycin, teicoplanin, rifampicin and nitazoxanide when used independently and when combined at low concentrations on the viability of Clostridium difficile 20291 R027, TL178 R002, Liv022 R106, DPC6350 and VPI10463 biofilms and planktonic cells. Results: On the basis of XTT (2,3-bis[2-methyloxy-4-nitro-5-sulphophenyl]-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide)-menadione biofilm viability assays, we found that thuricin CD was effective against biofilms of R027, Liv022 R106 and DPC6350 when used independently while nitazoxanide and rifampicin were also potent against biofilms of R027 and DPC6350, when applied on their own. Tigecycline was found to be effective against R027 and DPC6350 biofilms, whereas teicoplanin and vancomycin when used independently were only ...
3 in 1 Insect, Fungus and Mite Control. Controls various insects and fungal diseases on roses and ornamentals. Systemic fungicide to control Black Spot, Powdery Mildew and Rust. Contains insecticides to kill aphids, thrips, caterpillars, budworm and mite
In accordance with Article 6 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, the applicant BASF SE submitted a request to the competent national authority in Greece to modify the existing maximum residue level (MRL) for the active substance boscalid in granate apples/pom .... ...
Micafungin (MFG) demonstrates potent activity against biofilms of Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis, the most frequent opportunistic fungal pathogens. Little is known about its immunopharmacologic effect on antibiofilm activity of phagocytic cells following exposure to Candida biofilms. In this study, we investigated the effects of MFG on human neutrophil-mediated damage of C. albicans and C. parapsilosis biofilms by XTT [2,3-bis(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxanilide] and the potential mechanisms underlying the immunomodulatory MFG activities on cultured monocyte-derived THP-1 cells in response to these biofilms by reverse transcription-PCR and sandwich and multiplex enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Preexposure of C. albicans to subinhibitory MFG concentrations significantly enhanced neutrophil-mediated biofilm damage, an effect that appears to be species specific since a comparable effect was not observed with drug-pretreated C. parapsilosis biofilms. Human ...
Background: Methyl-thiophanate (MT), a fungicide largely used in agriculture throughout the world including Tunisia, protects many vegetables, fruits and field crops against a wide spectrum of fungal diseases. Oxidative stress has been proposed as a possible mechanism involved in MT toxicity on non-target organism.. Methods: In the present study, the effect of MT injected intraperitoneally to adult rats at 300 or 500 mg/kg of body weight was studied on blood, liver and kidney.. Results: Our results showed 3 days after MT injection, a significant decrease in hemoglobin and hematocrit values. A disruption in total white blood cells and platelets also occurred. Accordingly, an increased in malondialdehyde, H2O2 and advanced oxidation protein levels in liver and kidney were noted with the two doses. A significant change in plasma biomarkers and organ enzymatic and non-enzymatic activities were observed after MT treatment. The modifications in biochemical parameters were substantiated by ...
Azoxystrobin is a systemic fungicide. It is absorbed through the roots and translocated in the xylem to the stems and leaves, or through leaf surfaces to the leaf tips and growing edges. The mode of action is by inhibition of mitochondrial...
0082] Further suitable examples of pesticides that can be used include acephate, acetamiprid, acetoprole, aldicarb, alpha-cypermethrin, azinphos-methyl, azoxystrobin, benalaxyl, benalaxyl-M, benclothiaz, bendicoarb, benfuracarb, benomyl, bensultap, bifenthrin, bitertanol, boscalid, captan, carbendazim, carbaryl, carbofuran, carbosulfan, carboxin, carbpropamid, chlorothalonil, chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifos-methyl, clothianidin, copper salts (such as copper sulfate, cuprous oxide, Bordeaux mixture, copper hydroxide, copper sulfate (tribasic), copper oxychloride and copper octanoate), cymoxanil, cypermethrin, cyproconazole, cyprodinil, cyromazine, dazomet, deltamethrin, diazinon, difenoconazole, dimethoate, dimoxystrobin, diniconazole, dinotefuran, Emamectin, endosulfan, ethaboxam, ethirimol, ethiprole, ethoprophos, famoxadone, fenamidone, fenamiphos, fenhexamid, fenpiclonil, fipronil, flonicamid, fluoxastrobin, fluazinam, fludioxonil, fluquinconazole, flutolanil, flutriafol, fonophos, ...
0060] Further suitable examples of pesticides that can be used include acephate, acetamiprid, acetoprole, aldicarb, alpha-cypermethrin, azinphos-methyl, azoxystrobin, benalaxyl, benalaxyl-M, benclothiaz, bendicoarb, benfuracarb, benomyl, bensultap, bifenthrin, bitertanol, boscalid, captan, carbendazim, carbaryl, carbofuran, carbosulfan, carboxin, carbpropamid, chlorothalonil, chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifos-methyl, clothianidin, copper salts (such as copper sulfate, cuprous oxide, Bordeaux mixture, copper hydroxide, copper sulfate (tribasic), copper oxychloride and copper octanoate), cymoxanil, cypermethrin, cyproconazole, cyprodinil, cyromazine, dazomet, deltamethrin, diazinon, difenoconazole, dimethoate, dimoxystrobin, diniconazole, dinotefuran, Emamectin, endosulfan, ethaboxam, ethirimol, ethiprole, ethoprophos, famoxadone, fenamidone, fenamiphos, fenhexamid, fenpiclonil, fipronil, flonicamid, fluoxastrobin, fluazinam, fludioxonil, fluquinconazole, flutolanil, flutriafol, fonophos, ...
1. Fungicides. Learn the difference between a contact (protectant) fungicide and a systemic fungicide. Although a glossary may help, the index in your textbook may guide you to good descriptions in the text.. 2. Biological control. Learn that biocontrol agents often interfere with pathogen activity by one or more of the following mechanisms: (1) parasitism of the pathogen, (2) competition with the pathogen for nutrients or other resources, (3) excretion of toxic substances or (4) induction of host resistance. For students with access to Agrios (1), read about Mechanism of Action on p. 307 and view the images in Figures 9-7 through 9-13.. 3. Host resistance. Learn what phytoalexins are (just a general working definition, not specifics about particular phytoalexins); the glossary and index of your text may serve as a guide to appropriate information. Although plants produce many types of biochemical defense mechanisms, phytoalexins will serve as a good example. Also learn that plants sometimes ...
Signs of Pytophthora crown rot and stem canker are wilting, decline and plant death although a fairly healthy root system may be present.. Phytophthora like Pythium is a a lower fungus favored by excess moisture and excess nitrogen fertility. Unlike Pythium, species of Phytophthora are more aggressive, more likely to be host specific, and less frequently found in greenhouses. The most likely source of origin is plant material.. Start with soilless growing media and avoid contaminating media with soiled hands, tools, or containers. Promptly remove diseased plants, avoid splashing water when irrigating and keep hose ends off the floor. The best means for controlling Phytophthora is with drenches of systemic fungicides which will move up into the crown area such as mefenoxam (Subdue Maxx), foestyl-Al (Aliette) azoxystrobin (Heritage), or phosphonate-Al (ProPhyt). Check label for crop appropriateness. Rotate fungicides to prevent resistance development.. ...
"Carboxin". PubChem. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 2020-12-06. Media related to Anilides at Wikimedia ... Herbicides Fungicides - Oxycarboxin, Carboxin Carl N. Webb (1941). "Benzanilide". Organic Syntheses.; Collective Volume, 1, p. ...
Carboxin was mainly used to control disease caused by basidiomycetes such as stem rusts and Rhizoctonia diseases. More recently ... Ubiquinone type inhibitors include carboxin and thenoyltrifluoroacetone. Succinate-analogue inhibitors include the synthetic ...
Seed treatments: carboxin, fenpiclonil, tebuconazole, triadimenol, triticonazole. Mathre, D.E. (1997). Compendium of barley ...
Initially, SDHA oxidizes succinate via deprotonation at the FAD binding site, forming FADH2 and leaving fumarate, loosely bound to the active site, free to exit the protein. Electrons from FADH2 are transferred to the SDHB subunit iron clusters [2Fe-2S],[4Fe-4S],[3Fe-4S] and tunnel along the [Fe-S] relay until they reach the [3Fe-4S] iron sulfur cluster. The electrons are then transferred to an awaiting ubiquinone molecule at the Q pool active site in the SDHC/SDHD dimer. The O1 carbonyl oxygen of ubiquinone is oriented at the active site (image 4) by hydrogen bond interactions with Tyr83 of SDHD. The presence of electrons in the [3Fe-4S] iron sulphur cluster induces the movement of ubiquinone into a second orientation. This facilitates a second hydrogen bond interaction between the O4 carbonyl group of ubiquinone and Ser27 of SDHC. Following the first single electron reduction step, a semiquinone radical species is formed. The second electron arrives from the [3Fe-4S] cluster to provide full ...
Systemic seed treatment fungicides include carboxin, difenoconazole, triadimenol and others and are highly effective. However, ...
Carboxin is a commonly used fungicide on seeds, which works well to prevent onset of disease. In addition to seed treatments, ...
The most common type of systemic fungicides used for loose smut are from the Carboxin group of chemicals. Although carboxins ...
Fungicide seed treatments include: captan, mancozeb, maneb, thiram, pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB) or carboxin guazatine plus, ...
Chemical control involves using specific pesticides such as benomyl, captafol, captan, carboxin, metalaxyl, propamocarb ...
... padwickii and the particular strains found there are highly resistant to carboxin and moderately resistant to a few other ...
... carboxin MeSH D03.383.533.249 - benzoxazines MeSH D03.383.533.500 - ifosfamide MeSH D03.383.533.640 - morpholines MeSH D03.383. ...
... carboxin MeSH D02.065.199.385 - encainide MeSH D02.065.199.420 - flutamide MeSH D02.065.199.750 - prilocaine MeSH D02.065. ...
... sec-butylamine calcium polysulfide captafol captan carbamate fungicides carbamorph carbanilate fungicides carbendazim carboxin ...
Carboxin. CASRN 5234-68-4. *IRIS Summary (PDF) (7 pp, 88 K) ...
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... K-REx Repository. Search K-REx. This Collection. ... Effect of Carboxin on loose smut, Ustilago tritici, of wheat. Baig, Anwar ...
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... is an anilide fungicide. It is used agriculturally to protect seeds from disease by application prior to planting. CAS ...
Generic Name : CARBOXIN 75% WP Chemical composition Carboxin Technical 75.00% w/w. Adjuvents /filler*. Adjuvent ie. Emulsifire ...
Highly Effective Carboxin + Difenoconazole (30%+3% Fs) Min. Order: 1 liter *Appearance: Liquid ...
... Author. * Cardoso, Antonio Ismael ... Therefore, this study evaluates the effects of Carboxin + Thiram doses on germination and vigor of three lots of broccoli seeds ... Germination, vigor and pathogen incidence in broccoli seeds treated with Carboxin + Thiram. African Journal of Agricultural ... of Carboxin + Thiram fungicide (commercial name Vitavax-Thiran). The germination and seed vigor were evaluated, in addition to ...
Carboxin. General Information. *Product Names:. Prevail (Bayer) formulated with Benzene and Metalaxyl. Stiletto (Bayer) ...
Through the Pesticide Registration Review program, EPA reviews all registered pesticides at least every 15 years, as mandated by the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act.. EPA always strives to base its decisions on the best available sound science. However, science is constantly evolving, and new scientific information can come to light at any time and change our understanding of potential risks from pesticides. The review of new data could potentially prolong the risk assessment and decision-making process and change this schedule.. The schedule below shows the status of pesticides undergoing registration review. This schedule is subject to change based on shifting priorities and is intended to be a rough timeline. We will update the schedule regularly to reflect any timeline changes and to include anticipated deliverables for later dates.. ...
"Carboxin". PubChem. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 2020-12-06. Media related to Anilides at Wikimedia ... Herbicides Fungicides - Oxycarboxin, Carboxin Carl N. Webb (1941). "Benzanilide". Organic Syntheses.; Collective Volume, 1, p. ...
This notice announces EPAs progress in meeting its performance measures and goals for pesticide reregistration during fiscal year 2003. The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) requires EPA to publish information about EPAs annual achievements in this area. This notice...
This multi-residue method is a qualitative tool used to screen liver, GI contents and suspect material for possible toxins. It consists of a general extraction method and analysis of the extract by GC/MS (gas chromatography-mass spectrometry) and LC/MS (liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry) methods.. GC/MS is a method suitable for volatile/semi-volatile, heat stable compounds analysed in the gas phase. The GC/MS method is both targeted (looking for specific known compounds) and non-targeted (looking for unknown compounds). This method involves several targeted analyses (see Table 1) and a non-targeted analysis that screen the extract for compounds and subsequent match with a comprehensive mass spectrum library. Matches are based on the specific mass spectral fingerprint produced for a compound based on the standardized ionization energy of the GC/MS instrumentation.. LC/MS is a method suitable for non-volatile compounds analysed in the liquid phase. LC/MS in a targeted method (Table 1). ...
The present invention relates to the use of phosphated 2-propylheptanol, phosphated 2-proyplheptanol alkoxylate and/or mixtures thereof in agricultural formulations. The invention also relates to agri
180.301 carboxin 10/77. 180.303 oxamyl (186.4575) 10/77. 180.304 oryzalin (185.4550) 10/77. 180.305 3,4,5-trimethylphenyl ... carboxin (180.301) 10/77. carfentrazone ethyl ester, see carfentrazone-ethyl (180.515) *. carfentrazone-ethyl (180.515) *. ...
Initially, SDHA oxidizes succinate via deprotonation at the FAD binding site, forming FADH2 and leaving fumarate, loosely bound to the active site, free to exit the protein. Electrons from FADH2 are transferred to the SDHB subunit iron clusters [2Fe-2S],[4Fe-4S],[3Fe-4S] and tunnel along the [Fe-S] relay until they reach the [3Fe-4S] iron sulfur cluster. The electrons are then transferred to an awaiting ubiquinone molecule at the Q pool active site in the SDHC/SDHD dimer. The O1 carbonyl oxygen of ubiquinone is oriented at the active site (image 4) by hydrogen bond interactions with Tyr83 of SDHD. The presence of electrons in the [3Fe-4S] iron sulphur cluster induces the movement of ubiquinone into a second orientation. This facilitates a second hydrogen bond interaction between the O4 carbonyl group of ubiquinone and Ser27 of SDHC. Following the first single electron reduction step, a semiquinone radical species is formed. The second electron arrives from the [3Fe-4S] cluster to provide full ...
Remodelling Of Carboxin Binding to the Q-Site of Avian Respiratory Complex II ... Potassium in the structure of Remodelling Of Carboxin Binding to the Q-Site of Avian Respiratory Complex II (pdb 2wqy). ... The binding sites of Potassium atom in the structure of Remodelling Of Carboxin Binding to the Q-Site of Avian Respiratory ...
Carboxin was mainly used to control disease caused by basidiomycetes such as stem rusts and Rhizoctonia diseases. More recently ... Ubiquinone type inhibitors include carboxin and thenoyltrifluoroacetone. Succinate-analogue inhibitors include the synthetic ...
... carboxin; cbx Get C12 H13 N O3 S = ans = 5-(dimethylamino)-1-naphthalenesulfonic acid(dansyl acid); dansyl acid Get C12 H13 N ...
Complete information for SDHA gene (Protein Coding), Succinate Dehydrogenase Complex Flavoprotein Subunit A, including: function, proteins, disorders, pathways, orthologs, and expression. GeneCards - The Human Gene Compendium
Shop for fungicides and other products for plant and life science research labs at RPI. Here you get the highest quality product at the lowest possible price.
carboxin (ISO); 2-methyl-N-phenyl-5,6-dihydro-1,4-oxathiine-3-carboxamide; 5,6-dihydro-2-methyl-1,4-oxathiine-3-carboxanilide ...
Review of the existing maximum residue levels for carboxin according to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005. Number of ... Pages: 36 carboxin, MRL review, Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, consumer risk assessment, anilide, fungicide, aniline First ...
Active chemical(s): Imidacloprid; Prothioconazole+Metalaxyl+Penflufen; Undisclosed; Ipconoazole / Carboxin 25; Ipconazole, ...
Active Ingredients: Captan , Carboxin , Metalaxyl , Related derivatives , Metalaxyl HRAC/FRAC/IRAC Classification: Group M4 ...
Carboxin. experimental, investigational. unknown. Details. DB04795. Thenoyltrifluoroacetone. experimental. unknown. Details. ...
Carboxin. 5234-68-4. 700 life-time Chloramben. 133-90-4. 100 life-time 100 HRL94 Chronic ...
Carboxin (C, W). Carfentrazone-ethyl (W). Chloroneb (C). Chlorothalonil (A, C, GW, W, LT). Chlorpyrifos (A, C, SW, GW, W, B, LT ...
FIGURE 6. (A) Germination is retarded by carboxin. Wild type seeds were sown on half-strength MS agar plates without carboxin ... B,C) Post-germinative growth of double sdh2.3/sdh2.1 mutants is more sensitive to carboxin inhibition. Seeds were sown on half- ... carboxin (Figure 6), a non-competitive inhibitor binding at the quinone site, and malonate (Figure 7), a competitive inhibitor ... carboxin, malonate, or sodium azide were added as indicated in the Figures. For hypocotyl measurements plates were placed ...
Carboxin 1966, oxycarboxin 1966. It is worth noting that during this time period: (i) several of these classes of chemistry ... The decade also gave us the first broad-spectrum foliar systemic, thiabendazole, and the systemic seed treatment carboxin. Much ... followed by the seed treatment carboxin (Vitavax), which is highly effective on bunts, smuts and assorted Basidiomycetes such ...
  • These isolation of Trichoderma were exposed to three fungicides: Captan, Thiabendazol and the mixture Captan-Carboxin. (scirp.org)
  • Some selected lines of these strains reached tolerance to Captan and partial tolerance to the mixture Captan-Carboxin. (scirp.org)
  • El objetivo del presente estudio fue cuantificar la interacción Captan 50 ® - Trichoderma asperellum T8a como alternativa sinérgica para el control de Colletotrichum gloeosporioides ATCC MYA 456, agente causal de la antracnosis en el mango. (scielo.org.mx)
  • Por otro lado, el crecimiento de T. asperellum T8a fue inhibido 6% en dosis de 0.5 g L -1 de Captan 50 ® , no observando efectos sobre esta cepa a dosis menores del fungicida. (scielo.org.mx)
  • Los datos indican el potencial de la presente alternativa integrada para reducir la aplicación de Captan 50 ® , potenciar el control de C. gloeosporioides , y reducir los problemas económicos/ambientales por el uso de este fungicida en campo. (scielo.org.mx)
  • Planting under good seedbed conditions and using an appropriate fungicide seed treatment (products containing active ingredients other than metalaxyl or mefenoxam such as captan, fludioxonil, azoxystrobin, carboxin, PCNB, thiram, trifloxystrobin, etc. are effective against Rhizoctonia and Fusarium spp . (farmprogress.com)
  • Herbicides Fungicides - Oxycarboxin, Carboxin Carl N. Webb (1941). (wikipedia.org)
  • pp.133-147, In Carboxin fungicides and related compounds (ed. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Therefore, this study evaluates the effects of Carboxin + Thiram doses on germination and vigor of three lots of broccoli seeds, as well as on the incidence of fungi in treated seed. (unesp.br)
  • The 15 treatments were evaluated in a factorial system (3x5), with the first factor consisting of three lots of 'Avenger' broccoli seeds (lots 82744, 82745 and 82749), and the second factor consisting of five doses (0, 0.04, 0.06, 0.10 and 0.12% of a.i.) of Carboxin + Thiram fungicide (commercial name Vitavax-Thiran). (unesp.br)
  • Integration of the Gene for Carboxin Resistance Does Not Impact the Ustilago Maydis-maize Interaction Current Microbiology. (jove.com)
  • Pubmed ID: 11727044 A previous report indicated that insertion of the carboxin resistance (cbxR) gene into the Ustilago maydis genome impaired the pathogenic ability of the fungus towards Zea mays, the corn host. (jove.com)
  • Hairpin constructs for genes encoding orotidine 5'-monophosphate decarboxylase (URA3) and carboxin resistance (CBX) were introduced into A. bisporus using Agrobacterium-mediated transfection. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • The fungitoxicity and systemic antifungal activity of certain pyrazole analogs of carboxin. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Effect of carboxin seed dressing on emergence, coleoptile length and primary leaf growth of wheat and barley. (weedinfo.com.au)
  • thiram fungicide thiram 80 thiram wp thiram poeder thiram TMTD thiram 95 tc carboxin fungicide thiram 80 wp thiram tc 98 thiram 80wp. (yashodadevelopers.in)