Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Fresh Water: Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.Body Water: Fluids composed mainly of water found within the body.Water Pollution: Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)Water Purification: Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Water Pollutants: Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.Water Deprivation: The withholding of water in a structured experimental situation.Water Movements: The flow of water in enviromental bodies of water such as rivers, oceans, water supplies, aquariums, etc. It includes currents, tides, and waves.Water SofteningDrinking: The consumption of liquids.Aquaporins: A class of porins that allow the passage of WATER and other small molecules across CELL MEMBRANES.Seawater: The salinated water of OCEANS AND SEAS that provides habitat for marine organisms.Water-Electrolyte Balance: The balance of fluid in the BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS; total BODY WATER; BLOOD VOLUME; EXTRACELLULAR SPACE; INTRACELLULAR SPACE, maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of WATER and ELECTROLYTES, particularly SODIUM and POTASSIUM.Rivers: Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).Water Wells: Constructions built to access underground water.Aquaporin 1: Aquaporin 1 forms a water-specific channel that is constitutively expressed at the PLASMA MEMBRANE of ERYTHROCYTES and KIDNEY TUBULES, PROXIMAL. It provides these cells with a high permeability to WATER. In humans polymorphisms of this protein result in the Colton blood group antigen.Waste Water: Contaminated water generated as a waste product of human activity.Dehydration: The condition that results from excessive loss of water from a living organism.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Immersion Foot: A condition of the feet produced by prolonged exposure of the feet to water. Exposure for 48 hours or more to warm water causes tropical immersion foot or warm-water immersion foot common in Vietnam where troops were exposed to prolonged or repeated wading in paddy fields or streams. Trench foot results from prolonged exposure to cold, without actual freezing. It was common in trench warfare during World War I, when soldiers stood, sometimes for hours, in trenches with a few inches of cold water in them. (Andrews' Diseases of the Skin, 8th ed, p27)Filtration: A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Chlorine: A greenish-yellow, diatomic gas that is a member of the halogen family of elements. It has the atomic symbol Cl, atomic number 17, and atomic weight 70.906. It is a powerful irritant that can cause fatal pulmonary edema. Chlorine is used in manufacturing, as a reagent in synthetic chemistry, for water purification, and in the production of chlorinated lime, which is used in fabric bleaching.Water Cycle: Circulation of water among various ecological systems, in various states, on, above, and below the surface of the earth.Plant Transpiration: The loss of water vapor by plants to the atmosphere. It occurs mainly from the leaves through pores (stomata) whose primary function is gas exchange. The water is replaced by a continuous column of water moving upwards from the roots within the xylem vessels. (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Environmental Monitoring: The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.Disinfection: Rendering pathogens harmless through the use of heat, antiseptics, antibacterial agents, etc.Water Resources: Environmental reservoirs of water related to natural WATER CYCLE by which water is obtained for various purposes. This includes but is not limited to watersheds, aquifers and springs.Sewage: Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.Oxygen Isotopes: Stable oxygen atoms that have the same atomic number as the element oxygen, but differ in atomic weight. O-17 and 18 are stable oxygen isotopes.Deuterium Oxide: The isotopic compound of hydrogen of mass 2 (deuterium) with oxygen. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed) It is used to study mechanisms and rates of chemical or nuclear reactions, as well as biological processes.Water Pollutants, Radioactive: Pollutants, present in water or bodies of water, which exhibit radioactivity.Solvents: Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.Extravascular Lung Water: Water content outside of the lung vasculature. About 80% of a normal lung is made up of water, including intracellular, interstitial, and blood water. Failure to maintain the normal homeostatic fluid exchange between the vascular space and the interstitium of the lungs can result in PULMONARY EDEMA and flooding of the alveolar space.Drinking Behavior: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Arsenic: A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Thirst: A drive stemming from a physiological need for WATER.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Bathing Beaches: Beaches, both natural and man-made, used for bathing and other activities.Droughts: Prolonged dry periods in natural climate cycle. They are slow-onset phenomena caused by rainfall deficit combined with other predisposing factors.Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Trihalomethanes: Methanes substituted with three halogen atoms, which may be the same or different.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Desiccation: Removal of moisture from a substance (chemical, food, tissue, etc.).Water Pollution, RadioactiveSwimming PoolsAquaporin 5: Aquaporin 5 is a water-specific channel protein that is expressed primarily in alveolar, tracheal, and upper bronchial EPITHELIUM. It plays an important role in maintaining water HOMEOSTASIS in the LUNGS and may also regulate release of SALIVA and TEARS in the SALIVARY GLANDS and the LACRIMAL GLAND.Permeability: Property of membranes and other structures to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, and mineral ions.Sodium: A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Aquaporin 2: Aquaporin 2 is a water-specific channel protein that is expressed in KIDNEY COLLECTING DUCTS. The translocation of aquaporin 2 to the apical PLASMA MEMBRANE is regulated by VASOPRESSIN, and MUTATIONS in AQP2 have been implicated in a variety of kidney disorders including DIABETES INSIPIDUS.Swimming: An activity in which the body is propelled through water by specific movement of the arms and/or the legs. Swimming as propulsion through water by the movement of limbs, tail, or fins of animals is often studied as a form of PHYSICAL EXERTION or endurance.Air: The mixture of gases present in the earth's atmosphere consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.Magnetocardiography: The measurement of magnetic fields generated by electric currents from the heart. The measurement of these fields provides information which is complementary to that provided by ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHY.Humidity: A measure of the amount of WATER VAPOR in the air.bcl-X Protein: A member of the bcl-2 protein family that plays a role in the regulation of APOPTOSIS. Two major isoforms of the protein exist due to ALTERNATIVE SPLICING of the BCL2L1 mRNA and are referred to as Bcl-XS and Bcl-XL.Colony Count, Microbial: Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.Osmotic Pressure: The pressure required to prevent the passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates a pure solvent from a solution of the solvent and solute or that separates different concentrations of a solution. It is proportional to the osmolality of the solution.Chlorine Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain chlorine as an integral part of the molecule.Ice: The solid substance formed by the FREEZING of water.Lakes: Inland bodies of still or slowly moving FRESH WATER or salt water, larger than a pond, and supplied by RIVERS and streams.Models, Chemical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Vasopressins: Antidiuretic hormones released by the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS of all vertebrates (structure varies with species) to regulate water balance and OSMOLARITY. In general, vasopressin is a nonapeptide consisting of a six-amino-acid ring with a cysteine 1 to cysteine 6 disulfide bridge or an octapeptide containing a CYSTINE. All mammals have arginine vasopressin except the pig with a lysine at position 8. Vasopressin, a vasoconstrictor, acts on the KIDNEY COLLECTING DUCTS to increase water reabsorption, increase blood volume and blood pressure.Rain: Water particles that fall from the ATMOSPHERE.Diffusion: The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.Cell Membrane Permeability: A quality of cell membranes which permits the passage of solvents and solutes into and out of cells.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Aquaporin 3: Aquaporin 3 is an aquaglyceroporin that is expressed in the KIDNEY COLLECTING DUCTS and is constitutively localized at the basolateral MEMBRANE.Deuterium: Deuterium. The stable isotope of hydrogen. It has one neutron and one proton in the nucleus.Carbonated Water: Water naturally or artificially infused with CARBON DIOXIDE.Electrolytes: Substances that dissociate into two or more ions, to some extent, in water. Solutions of electrolytes thus conduct an electric current and can be decomposed by it (ELECTROLYSIS). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Protons: Stable elementary particles having the smallest known positive charge, found in the nuclei of all elements. The proton mass is less than that of a neutron. A proton is the nucleus of the light hydrogen atom, i.e., the hydrogen ion.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Aquaporins: A class of porins that allow the passage of WATER and other small molecules across CELL MEMBRANES.Solubility: The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Cryptosporidium: A genus of coccidian parasites of the family CRYPTOSPORIDIIDAE, found in the intestinal epithelium of many vertebrates including humans.Oceans and Seas: A great expanse of continuous bodies of salt water which together cover more than 70 percent of the earth's surface. Seas may be partially or entirely enclosed by land, and are smaller than the five oceans (Atlantic, Pacific, Indian, Arctic, and Antarctic).Enterobacteriaceae: A family of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that do not form endospores. Its organisms are distributed worldwide with some being saprophytes and others being plant and animal parasites. Many species are of considerable economic importance due to their pathogenic effects on agriculture and livestock.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Maze Learning: Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)Eutrophication: The enrichment of a terrestrial or aquatic ECOSYSTEM by the addition of nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus, that results in a superabundant growth of plants, ALGAE, or other primary producers. It can be a natural process or result from human activity such as agriculture runoff or sewage pollution. In aquatic ecosystems, an increase in the algae population is termed an algal bloom.Plant Stomata: Closable openings in the epidermis of plants on the underside of leaves. They allow the exchange of gases between the internal tissues of the plant and the outside atmosphere.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Geologic Sediments: A mass of organic or inorganic solid fragmented material, or the solid fragment itself, that comes from the weathering of rock and is carried by, suspended in, or dropped by air, water, or ice. It refers also to a mass that is accumulated by any other natural agent and that forms in layers on the earth's surface, such as sand, gravel, silt, mud, fill, or loess. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1689)Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Absorption: The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.Giardia: A genus of flagellate intestinal EUKARYOTES parasitic in various vertebrates, including humans. Characteristics include the presence of four pairs of flagella arising from a complicated system of axonemes and cysts that are ellipsoidal to ovoidal in shape.Biomass: Total mass of all the organisms of a given type and/or in a given area. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990) It includes the yield of vegetative mass produced from any given crop.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Hot Temperature: Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Molecular Conformation: The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.Legionella: Gram-negative aerobic rods, isolated from surface water or thermally polluted lakes or streams. Member are pathogenic for man. Legionella pneumophila is the causative agent for LEGIONNAIRES' DISEASE.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Kidney Concentrating Ability: The ability of the kidney to excrete in the urine high concentrations of solutes from the blood plasma.Arsenic Poisoning: Disorders associated with acute or chronic exposure to compounds containing ARSENIC (ARSENICALS) which may be fatal. Acute oral ingestion is associated with gastrointestinal symptoms and an encephalopathy which may manifest as SEIZURES, mental status changes, and COMA. Chronic exposure is associated with mucosal irritation, desquamating rash, myalgias, peripheral neuropathy, and white transverse (Mees) lines in the fingernails. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1212)Photosystem I Protein Complex: A large multisubunit protein complex that is found in the THYLAKOID MEMBRANE. It uses light energy derived from LIGHT-HARVESTING PROTEIN COMPLEXES to drive electron transfer reactions that result in either the reduction of NADP to NADPH or the transport of PROTONS across the membrane.Industrial Waste: Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.Urea: A compound formed in the liver from ammonia produced by the deamination of amino acids. It is the principal end product of protein catabolism and constitutes about one half of the total urinary solids.Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Salinity: Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.Ions: An atom or group of atoms that have a positive or negative electric charge due to a gain (negative charge) or loss (positive charge) of one or more electrons. Atoms with a positive charge are known as CATIONS; those with a negative charge are ANIONS.Waste Disposal, Fluid: The discarding or destroying of liquid waste products or their transformation into something useful or innocuous.Bone Morphogenetic Protein 6: A bone morphogenetic protein that is a potent inducer of BONE formation. It plays additional roles in regulating CELL DIFFERENTIATION of non-osteoblastic cell types and epithelial-mesenchymal interactions.Oocysts: Zygote-containing cysts of sporozoan protozoa. Further development in an oocyst produces small individual infective organisms called SPOROZOITES. Then, depending on the genus, the entire oocyst is called a sporocyst or the oocyst contains multiple sporocysts encapsulating the sporozoites.Plant Stems: Parts of plants that usually grow vertically upwards towards the light and support the leaves, buds, and reproductive structures. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Carbon Sequestration: Any of several processes for the permanent or long-term artificial or natural capture or removal and storage of carbon dioxide and other forms of carbon, through biological, chemical or physical processes, in a manner that prevents it from being released into the atmosphere.Carbon Dioxide: A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.RNA, Ribosomal, 16S: Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.Environment: The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.Potassium: An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Oxygen: An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.Molecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Wettability: The quality or state of being wettable or the degree to which something can be wet. This is also the ability of any solid surface to be wetted when in contact with a liquid whose surface tension is reduced so that the liquid spreads over the surface of the solid.Nitrogen Cycle: The circulation of nitrogen in nature, consisting of a cycle of biochemical reactions in which atmospheric nitrogen is compounded, dissolved in rain, and deposited in the soil, where it is assimilated and metabolized by bacteria and plants, eventually returning to the atmosphere by bacterial decomposition of organic matter.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Biophysics: The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.Biophysical Phenomena: The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.Fluorides: Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Recreation: Activity engaged in for pleasure.Crystallography, X-Ray: The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Disasters: Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.

Examining the role of carbonation and temperature on water swallowing performance: a swallowing reaction-time study. (1/2)

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The effects of carbonated water upon gastric and cardiac activities and fullness in healthy young women. (2/2)

Although previous reports suggested that carbonated water drinking was effective against gastrointestinal symptoms, there is little information about the effects of carbonated water on gastric and appetite sensation. We therefore investigated the effect of carbonated water on short-term fullness with respect to gastric and cardiac responses in 19 healthy young women. Each subject was tested on three separate days at approximately 9 a.m. after an overnight fast. Gastric motility, evaluated by electrogastrography (EGG) and heart rate (HR), was measured for 20 min in the fasting state and 40 min after ingestion of water. Preloads consisted of an equivalent amount (250 mL) of water (W) or carbonated water (CW) and no drinking (blank). Fullness scores were measured using visual analog scales. To determine gastric motility, we assessed the component of bradygastria (1-2 cycles/min [cpm]), normogastria (2-4 cpm), tachygastria (4-9 cpm), and dominant frequency of the EGG power spectrum. After ingestion of CW, significant increases in fullness scores were observed compared with W. All postprandial EGG powers were significantly greater than preprandial, but no group difference was found. However, a dominant frequency tended to shift toward a lower band after ingestion of W. A significantly higher HR was found following consumption of CW as opposed to W. Multiple regression analysis revealed that increased HR was a significant variable contributing to the variances in fullness after ingestion of CW at 40 min. Our data suggest that CW may induce a short-term, but significant, satiating effect through enhanced postprandial gastric and cardiac activities due possibly to the increased sympathetic activity and/or withdrawal of parasympathetic activity.  (+info)

Now, the cultural assumption is that all healthy young singles have lots of healthy sex of course, and Nexplanon reminds us that a healthy young woman would be wise to have a plastic stick full of synthetic hormones surgically implanted under her skin for three years so that her perfectly healthy female body is thrown into biological disarray through the release of chemicals into her system, purposely derailing her natural, healthy female functioning, so that she can live a full and happy and healthy female life ...
Doing things to be a healthy young woman can help you stay positive, social and energetic. Here are some tips for being healthy and happy.
Conclusion: Diagnosis and further management. The main initial observations were hypertensive crisis, alveolar oedema, renal failure and acute heart failure. Echocardiography showed thickened left ventricular walls, systolic and diastolic dysfunction.. The reason for extremely high blood pressure was sought. The patient did not use drugs. She used to have every now and then some salty liquorice but not every day. Contraception pills could have caused hypertension but usually it would have been milder. The possibilities of primary hyperaldosteronism, acromegaly, Liddles syndrome, Cushings disease, pheochromocytoma, thyroid dysfunction, primary hyperparathyreosis or undiagnosed coarctation of the aorta were excluded. The possibility that both left ventricular hypertrophy and renal failure could have been caused by a storage disease or by amyloidosis, was discussed. In further evaluation, there was no evidence of a monoclonal gammopathy. The ethiology of renal failure was examined further. It ...
Gardasil Firestorm in Denmark or any other country: No healthy young woman should sacrifice her health to see if a cancer prevention experiment will work!
In 2010 I gave birth to a beautiful and healthy 9lb. 2oz. baby boy in my kitchen. Only my husband, close friend, and a midwife were present, and it was an incredible experience. The lighting was dim, I had complete control over my environment, and I knew that I could do this even though Id never done it before.. While the homebirth movement is making a comeback and these stories are plentiful if you look for them, most people respond with bulging eyes and a dropped jaw when I share this with them.. Was I scared? Anxious maybe, but confident, too. How did I endure the horrendous pain? My body produced natural painkillers called endorphins, adrenaline, and oxytocin, and its a totally different sort of "pain" than when you unexpectedly hurt yourself because it comes with wisdom and months of mental preparation. What would I have done if something went wrong? I would have been taken to the emergency room at the nearest hospital. For healthy young women with no complications during pregnancy, the ...
Question - Pregnant, Ultra sound showed ill defined foetal pole and no cardiac activity. Had ovarian tumor. Suggest?. Ask a Doctor about when and why Ultra sound is advised, Ask an OBGYN, Maternal and Fetal Medicine
Question - Ultrasound shows bulky uterus, fetal pole not seen, cardiac activity absent. Help. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Chorionic hematoma, Ask an OBGYN, Maternal and Fetal Medicine
In this category, you will find the personal homepages of EMTs, Basic, Intermediate, and Paramedic, with varying degrees of EMS content.
The aim of the present study was to investigate the postprandial effect of diet composition on circulating acylated ghrelin levels in healthy women. A randomized cross-over study of three experimental treatments was performed. A total of 11 healthy young women of normal body weight completed the study. All 11 subjects consumed three iso-energetic meals of different macronutrient composition, a balanced meal (50% carbohydrates, 30% fat and 20% protein), a high-fat meal (45% carbohydrates, 45% fat and 10% protein) and a high-protein meal (45% carbohydrates, 20% fat and 35% protein), for breakfast on separate days. The test meals were administered 1 month apart. Blood samples were withdrawn immediately before and at 15, 30, 60, 120 and 180 min after the test meal for measurement of plasma acylated ghrelin, as well as serum glucose, insulin and triacylglycerol (triglyceride) levels. Acylated ghrelin fell significantly after ingestion of both the balanced and high-protein meals. Ghrelin persisted at ...
A method for processing a signal characteristic of cardiac activity in the atrium (A) and/or ventricle (V) of a heart (H) and for evaluating this signal with a view to obtaining a control signal for a cardiac pacemaker and/or defibrillator (3) can be carried out by: receiving a time dependent signal from at least one intracardial signal sensor (1, 2) in the atrium and/or ventricle; feeding the signal picked up by each signal sensor (1, 2) to a read and evaluation circuit (6) with a threshold characteristic; comparing the signals with a detection threshold; evaluating the result of the comparison to obtain an indication as to the presence of normal sinus-type cardiac activity or fibrillations; and producing the control signal, which characterizes the comparison result. The signal from the at least one sensor (1, 2) is fed to a first input stage (8, 11) which has a first adjustable detection threshold (TS(A), TS(V) that is constant in time and to a second input stage (9, 10) which has a second adjustable
Another small prehospital study published in 2012 enrolled 42 patients in cardiac arrest with any rhythm [3]. Among 32 patients with no cardiac activity on initial field echocardiogram, only one survived to hospital admission. In contrast, 4 of the 10 patients with cardiac activity survived to hospital admission. Only one of forty-two patients survived to hospital discharge (and did so with full neurology recovery). He had cardiac activity on his prehospital ultrasound. While these results were interesting, both studies were underpowered to detect the key outcome of neurologically-intact survival without cardiac activity on ultrasound due to the overall low incidence of survival from OHCA.. However, an adequately-powered multi-center Emergency Department study of 993 pre-hospital and ED patients with cardiac arrest in PEA or asystole was recently published [4]. Lack of cardiac activity portended an extremely poor likelihood of survival to hospital discharge (0.6%, neurologic status not ...
Retinoids have been studied as chemo preventive compounds in clinical trials because of their acknowledged role in regulating cell growth, differentiation and apoptosis in preclinical models. Induction of apoptosis is a unique feature of fenretinide (4-hydroxyphenylretinamide, 4-HPR),(2) the most widely studied retinoid in clinical trials of breast cancer chemoprevention for its selective accumulation in the breast tissue and its very low toxicity. The fifteen-year follow up of a randomized phase III trial of fenretinide to prevent second breast cancer indicates that fenretinide induced a 17%, durable reduction of second breast cancer incidence. When stratified by menopausal status, the analysis showed a 38%, statistically significant reduction of second breast cancers in premenopausal women and this protective effect persisted for up to 15 years, i.e. 10 years after treatment cessation. Importantly, the younger were the women, the greater was the trend of benefit of fenretinide, with a ...
Im not really certain if I fall into the category of one of the "pleasant" Ob/Gyns or not, but I will give this question a shot. Bitterness and Ob/Gyn, alas, does seem to go hand-in-hand. I believe that, first and foremost, it is an incredibly important, busy, special, and stressful job. True, most of our patients are healthy, but when they get sick, they can get sick quickly, and when healthy young women or babies get sick, injured, or die on our watch? Thats especially devastating. I cant think of a single person that went into Ob/Gyn as a bitter person who hated women, but at the end 4 years of constant sleep deprivation, sometimes another pregnant woman in labor is no longer a miracle, it just means more time spent away from fulfilling basic human needs like using the bathroom, or eating, or, most elusive of all, sleep! It is also seeing women, not only at their best but at their very worst, hours of staring at monitor strips, worrying about when to pull the trigger on a cesarean ...
Im not really certain if I fall into the category of one of the "pleasant" Ob/Gyns or not, but I will give this question a shot. Bitterness and Ob/Gyn, alas, does seem to go hand-in-hand. I believe that, first and foremost, it is an incredibly important, busy, special, and stressful job. True, most of our patients are healthy, but when they get sick, they can get sick quickly, and when healthy young women or babies get sick, injured, or die on our watch? Thats especially devastating. I cant think of a single person that went into Ob/Gyn as a bitter person who hated women, but at the end 4 years of constant sleep deprivation, sometimes another pregnant woman in labor is no longer a miracle, it just means more time spent away from fulfilling basic human needs like using the bathroom, or eating, or, most elusive of all, sleep! It is also seeing women, not only at their best but at their very worst, hours of staring at monitor strips, worrying about when to pull the trigger on a cesarean ...
Mentos brand mints cause the carbonation in soda to very rapidly come out of solution. You can find plenty of photos and videos of it online, and Ive...
industrial carbonation machine & industrial carbonation machine online Wholesalers - choose industrial carbonation machine from 5259 list of China industrial carbonation machine Manufacturers.
The UWS study looked at more than 650,000 births and found that low-risk, healthy young women giving birth to their first child in a private hospital in NSW were more likely to have obstetric interventions: 27 per cent had a caesarean, compared to 18 per cent in a public hospital; 31 per cent had an induction compared to 23 per cent; 53 per cent opted for an epidural, compared to 32 per cent.. "When only 15 out of 100 low-risk, healthy young women have a normal vaginal birth without intervention for their first baby in a private hospital, then questions need to be asked," says associate professor of nursing and midwifery Hannah Dahlen, a vocal campaigner for increased "normalisation of birth".. The rate of intervention in public hospitals - only about 35 in 100 low-risk women aged 20 to 34 have a normal vaginal birth - also isnt ideal, Dahlen says.. "The results have stunned us," she says. "Today there is no conceivable explanation for such high rates of birthing intervention in the private ...
In a post in Annals of Emergency Medicine, Dr. Brian Cohn from Washington School of Medicine gave his opinion and reviewed a few articles on cardiac activity and its relation to return of spontaneous circulation. Does the Absence of Cardiac Activity on Ultrasonography Predict Failed Resuscitation in Cardiac Arrest? Take-Home Message: The absence of cardiac…
A prospective study was undertaken to evaluate fat malabsorption during intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), a disease characterized by a mild cholestasis of short duration appearing in otherwise healthy young women. An abnormal fecal fat exc
Introduction & Objective: Adiponectin and leptin are peptide hormones regulating the energy balance. Therefore, the present study aims to identify the possible mechanisms of the effect of omega-3 and aerobic exercise on the balance of these two hormones. Materials & Methods: 60 healthy young women with the average age of 23.4±1.8 ...
The American Homebrewers Association Forum is the place to talk craft beer, trade tips on how to brew, show off your homebrewing equipment, and exchange beer, mead and cider recipes. Join the homebrewing community today by registering for the AHA forum. Its free!
My cranapple cider is in the keg. And I've been drinking it daily as it carbonates. First day no carbonation kind of wine like. Each subsequent day it has a little more carbonation. Kind of an interesting experiment. Im …
In this Remember Two Things video, host Steve Whitehead describes two uses for POC ultrasound; detecting cardiac activity and obtaining vascular access.
The presence of chloride ions is one of the primary factors causing the degradation of reinforced concrete structures. An investigation to monitor ingress of chlorides during a 24-week wetting and drying exposure regime to simulate conditions in which multiple-mode transport mechanisms are active was conducted on a variety of binders. Penetration was evaluated using free and total chloride profiles. Acid extraction of chlorides is quantitatively reliable and practical for assessing penetration. X-ray diffraction was used to determine the presence of bound chlorides and carbonation. The ability of the cement blends to resist chloride penetration was, from best to worst, ground granulated blast-furnace slag, microsilica, pulverised-fuel ash, Portland cement. The effect of carbonation on binding capability was observed and the relative quantity of chlorides also showed a correlation with the amount of chlorides bound in the form of Friedels salt.
A high-flying Lower Hutt career woman with no history of drug use has been found to have died of a methamphetamine overdose.. It seemed Lisa McMillan, 39, had everything to live for when her brother discovered her unresponsive on the bedroom floor of her Fairfield flat in 2010.. Her workmates at insurance company AXA had become concerned when she didnt turn up to work on the morning of January 21 - behaviour that was out of character - and called her brother to see if she was okay.. In a report released this morning, Wellington regional coroner Ian Smith said methamphetamine was found in Ms McMillans blood, and was thought to have triggered a brain haemorrhage that caused her death.. A toxicology report found Ms McMillan had 0.24 milligrams of methamphetamine per litre of blood in her system, which was consistent with recreational use.. Attempts to find where she might have bought the drug failed, and other enquiries found that Ms McMillan was a happy, healthy young woman who was "well admired ...
One 2 fluid ounce bottle of Old Fashioned Homebrew Root Beer Soda Pop Base, combined with 4 pounds of sugar will make 4 gallons of soda using the traditional mix and carbonation method.
Concrete cores are used for testing of actual properties of concrete in existing structures such as strength, permeability, chemical analysis, carbonation
Studies have consistently shown that males perform better than females on several spatial tasks. Animal and human literature suggests that sex hormones have an important role in both establishing and maintaining this difference. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of exogenous testosterone on spatial cognition and brain activity in healthy women. A cross-sectional, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study was performed in 42 healthy young women who either received one dose of 0.5 mg sublingual testosterone or placebo. They then learned a virtual environment and performed navigation tasks during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Subsequently, their knowledge of the virtual environment, self-reported navigation strategy, and mental rotation abilities were measured. The testosterone group had improved representations of the directions within the environment and performed significantly better on the mental rotation task compared to the placebo group, but ...
Wang, Xiaolong and Maroto-Valer, Mercedes Dissolution kinetics of minerals for advanced mineral carbonation. In: 7th European Conference on Coal Research & its Application, 3-5 Sept 2008, Cardiff, UK. (Unpublished) ...
Citrates are rather important not just in lime crisis but in bottling and kegging cocktails since fruit juice decays over time. In creating a cocktail, 18 brix seemed to be the perfect sugar level. For example, 1.75 parts spirit, 2.75 parts citrate, and 1.25 parts water achieves this ratio. The kegged cocktail has quickly become the modern day punch and offers fast, efficient, consistent, and cost-effective options. Citrates are rather good for carbonation, for unlike juice, they have no sediment that can also act as nucleation points for CO2 gas. In carbonation, very cold starting temperatures are ideal as well as pressurizing and releasing cycles. There are ways of weighing the grams of CO2 per liter, and monitoring this can achieve consistency. Carbonating the whole kit and caboodle also allows for greater carbonation; in certain drinks such as the French 75, only 1/3 to 1/2 of the volume is carbonated, while a carbonated French 75 can be done completely ...
Step 3: Finally, the authors state that the presence of absence of cardiac activity can provide useful prognostic information. Obviously the absence of cardiac activity in PEA portends worse outcomes (survival to hospital discharge rate = 0.0% - 0.6%). This finding along with other poor prognostic factors such as low end-tidal CO2, prolonged downtime, and unwitnessed arrest can help in the utility of ongoing resuscitation. ...
First of all .... When it blew up ... That was the ONLY time I didnt think it was a robot anymore ... I mean there was no internal mechanism that blew out with it ... I also find it particularly interesting how the breathing pattern was identical both times it was poked ... Or how it became still when the soda hit it ... As far as its insides who knows what gases or liquids could have sped up the carbonation process into having it explode ... It seemed to try and expel the liquid before hand but ended up not keeping up with carbonation ... Either way its disturbing and I wont be able to sleep tonight Thank You...lol. ReplyDelete ...
First of all .... When it blew up ... That was the ONLY time I didnt think it was a robot anymore ... I mean there was no internal mechanism that blew out with it ... I also find it particularly interesting how the breathing pattern was identical both times it was poked ... Or how it became still when the soda hit it ... As far as its insides who knows what gases or liquids could have sped up the carbonation process into having it explode ... It seemed to try and expel the liquid before hand but ended up not keeping up with carbonation ... Either way its disturbing and I wont be able to sleep tonight Thank You...lol. ReplyDelete ...
I just had an abdominal ultrasound which revealed right renal pelvic fullness and fullness of both collecting systems. No other findings, bloodwork and urine normal. I had this show up a couple years a...
Can anyone help. I have had fullness in both of my ears for 11 months. It all started in Aug 07. I have seen four ENTs and none of them can help. I have had a number of test performed including an MRI. Doctors say there is nothing that indicates a problem and I will have to live with it. The problem is I cant, the fullness is so intense it is driving me crazy. I also have tinnitus so the tinnitus with the full makes it unbareable. Is there anyone that is going through what I am going through. Any info will help.. Reply Follow This Thread Stop Following This Thread Flag this Discussion ...
The bubbles in your beer impact carbonation level, aroma, flavor and body. Here are some tips for creating better beer foam in your homebrew.
Submental fullness doesnt only occur in the aging adult. The double-chin is an age-old problem. Fortunately, aesthetic medicine has caught up with it.
At the 35th Cement and Concrete Science conference, we provided an example of how advances in computing power make atomistic modelling a viable approach for the study of chemical processes relevant to the construction industry. This paper describes developments of this work and how the combination of stable isotopes, atomic force microscopy (AFM), secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) and atomistic modelling can provide new insights into the dissolution and carbonation mechanisms of lime. In this research AFM and atomistic modelling were used to investigate the dissolution mechanism of nano-sized Portlandite (Ca(OH)2) crystals. Experimental and computational results highlight differences in the solubility of {100}, {010} and {001} crystallographic faces. The {001} faces were shown to be the most stable. SIMS and Raman spectroscopy of 18O-labelled calcium hydroxide and computational techniques have allowed investigation of previously unknown details of the carbonation mechanism. Experimental ...
This is Digital Version of (Ebook) Brittle Matrix Composites: Influence of mineral additives on concrete carbonation Product Will Be Delivered Via Ema
Monitoring of Concrete Permeability, Carbonation and Corrosion Rates in the Concrete of the Containers of El Cabril (Spain) Disposal (O393 ...
Junling Gao is the author of this article in the Journal of Visualized Experiments: Using Wavelet Entropy to Demonstrate how Mindfulness Practice Increases Coordination between Irregular Cerebral and Cardiac Activities
Stillbirth in children - What are the tests for stillbirth? Ultrasound. An ultrasound of the pregnancy is the most definitive. Lack of fetal cardiac activity confirms the diagnosis.
The DIY setup you link to is quite interesting (as is the site he links to: http://www.truetex.com/carbonation.htm). Before I got a Soda-Club machine, I considered making my own but, oddly enough, what stopped me was wondering where to get my CO,sub,2,/sub,. I could buy it from the local industrial suppliers in my area in 20 lb. quantities which would be extremely economical, but they were big and bulky, and I kept wondering if it would be "clean". I dont know anything about how they fill the tanks and what else they put in it that they dont tell you (or need to tell you since its obviously not intended for consumption as a food). For all I know, industrial CO,sub,2,/sub, contains other stuff that makes the flow through the valve more regular or something else that Id be ingesting. Since I didnt have the time to research this further, and the Soda-Club was available (and wouldnt take up as much space as an awkward hose and valve combination) I went with that ...
Swyer-James-MacLeod syndrome is a rare disease that results in parenchymal damage believed to be caused by recurrent lung infections in childhood. We report a case of a previously healthy young woman that presented with insidious progression of exertional dyspnea with restrictive lung physiology. Axial imaging demonstrated a hyperinflated emphysematous right lung with lower lobe fibrosis, nodules and air-fluid filled cysts, with a small right pulmonary artery and contralateral shifting of the mediastinum. She underwent right pneumonectomy ultimately resulting in improvement of her symptoms, with surgical pathology indicating extensive emphysema, bronchiectasis, fibrosis with osseous metaplasia, and placental transmogrification of alveolar septa, being consistent with a diagnosis of SJMS.
A beverage carbonator having a pitcher shaped carbonation vessel which is detachably pneumatically connected to a reaction vessel in which carbon dioxide is produced by releasing internally stored water into a carbon dioxide generating chemical and passing the carbon dioxide into the carbonation vessel where it is dissolved into a liquid beverage. The carbonation vessel can be reconnected to the reaction vessel to recarbonate the unused portion of the beverage after it loses carbonation over a period of time and then disconnected for pouring the remainder of the beverage from the carbonation vessel.
No; foaming the beer with CO2 and then quickly capping it wont do a thing to improve your beer. I seriously doubt that this would even be an effective way to saturate your beer with CO2 at ambient pressure (what your beer is like in the fermenter during or immediately after fermentation); if youve ever used a wine thief to test your gravity and taste your beer before bottling, youll know what I mean -- not much carbonation. The only way I know to solve your problem is to keg it in order to force carbonate it, or do what I did -- if it otherwise tastes okay (doesnt have a messed up flavor from over-dosing it with sanitizer). I mixed it in a mug with a commercial beer, maybe half and half. It will no longer be what you intended, but at least you wont be pouring it down the drain. When I had to do it, I had heavier beers (seems like maybe a porter or stout or IPA), and when mixed half and half with a commercial lager like Busch it isnt half bad, and definitely improved the Busch ...
Im too scared to brew…) Hopefully this will give you a hand and gives you a quick answer to your problem with not knowing how to force pressurize your homebrew.. I want to share this website that has a free calculator, to at least get you in the ball park when it comes to kegging your own beer. If you click here it will help you get what you need to start kegging.. Now I must admit, Im not completely sure how long you are supposed to keep this carbonation up when looking at the website. I guess until the brew stops taking the carbonation levels. For me its usually around 3-7 days (I still do DME/Corn sugar even when kegging but thats a different post on why I do that). Again thats my experience it might be different for you.. For those that are bottling, they also have a calculator for you as well.. Biggest thing I can suggest when it comes to kegging your beer or priming your beer is, take notes. You will always have beers that are particular and prefer different carbonation levels, or ...
Gay Forums - Anyone know if diet sodas are bad. Seems that I recall hearing or reading that even though theyre minus the sugar, that the carbonation does something to the
The nerve graft, which was performed by Dr. Elkwood in January 2009, was the feeling at the back of Mr. Cavalieri, pressure ulcers pressure sores recover. Of
A healthy young woman is described in whom the left chest was unable to be inflated after intubation. The differential diagnosis and management are discussed. Severe unilateral bronchospasm was probably caused by topical lidocaine injected at the vocal cords and, inadvertently, into the left main bronchus with a Laryngojet device.
Carbonation is seen when carbon dioxide gas is dissolved into an aqueous solution or in pure water. This process yields the "fizz" to carbonated water and sparkling mineral water, the head to beer, and the cork pop and bubbles to champagne and sparkling wine. The quality of carbonated beverages including soft drinks, seltzer and beer […]. Read More... ...
Most of the approaches for diagnosis or prognosis of deteriorated reinforced concrete (RC) structures are based on two stages: acquiring data (concrete properties, quantitative degradation information), and then predicting the evolution of degradation by using appropriate models. Spatial variability of both properties and degradation processes cannot be neglected in the lifecycle assessment and implies that (i) data should be acquired for a representative part of the concrete surface and (ii) models should be capable of dealing with this variability. However, the assessment and modeling of spatial variability is not a straightforward task particularly when uncertainties affect the measurements or when the number of measurements is limited. The present paper aims at studying the capability of analytical carbonation models to deal with the spatial variability of model inputs in terms of spatial correlation of model outputs. Analytical models are considered herein because they provide practical and usual
Triple". Golden, hazy, high carbonation, big head. Smells spicy, like a Wit, and somewhat floral. Sharp carbonation bite. Sweet beer that tastes just like it smells, only more so. Some citrusy fruity notes, soft spicy hops, and maybe a hint of Brettanomyces (more as it warms up). Warming and drying at the end. Smooth beer. "Best enjoyed before March 98 ...
Pounding and fullness in stomach with high blood - Fullness in Stomach - Buzzle. HGH Energizers Health supplement provides essential nutrients that may be lacking due to the strain that is often put on the bodys health.
When you awake every morning, do you open your eyes to colours? Definitely! Right within your very own bedroom. As you wondered into the bat ...
Penové tužidlo Wellaflex pre objem jemných vlasov - ultra silné spevnenie. Dodáva vlasom viditeľný objem. Zloženie pre objem vlasov obklopuje pramienky vlasov a vypĺňa redšie partie vašich vlasov. Vlasy nezlepuje. Spoľahlivé spevnenie pre flexibilný účes až na 24 hodín. Vlasy nevysušuje. Pomáha posk
... which were popular in the United States at the time due to the belief that carbonated water was good for the health.[16] ... Coca-Cola, or Coke is a carbonated soft drink[1] manufactured by The Coca-Cola Company. Originally intended as a patent ... The latter mixed CO₂, water, and syrup to make beverages. It supplied 1.65 liters each of Coca-Cola and Diet Coke.[150][151] ... "Beyond Seltzer Water: The Kashering of Coca-Cola". American Jewish Historical Society. Retrieved February 26, 2007.. ...
Natural philosopher: electricity, Optics, and carbonated waterEdit. Optics: The History and Present State of Vision, Light, and ... Still, he contributed in a small way to the voyage: he provided the crew with a method for making carbonated water, which he ... During his lifetime, Priestley's considerable scientific reputation rested on his invention of carbonated water, his writings ... in order to communicate to it the peculiar spirit and virtues of Pyrmont water, and other mineral waters of a similar nature. ...
Internal treatment with mineral water, manual reflex massage; Magnet therapy, soil treatment; Carbonated mineral water, ... The water has long been used for bathing by the Székely people. The most probable date for the founding of the bathing station ... This marked the start of the scientific evaluation and utilisation of local mineral waters. The Stefánia Medical Center was ... Anna lake and Tusnad Spa viewed from paraglider Tusnad mineral waters. ...
Composition of mineral water sources[edit]. *Stănescu Spring: output of 405 l / h, T 7 °C, pH 6.2; naturally carbonated, with ... The water has long been used for bathing by the Székely people. The most probable date for the founding of the bathing station ... The town and the surrounding area are famous for their spas and mineral waters received from seven springs. Nearby is the Lake ... This marked the start of the scientific evaluation and utilisation of local mineral waters. The Stefánia Medical Center was ...
Every small town boasts a local variety of mineral water. Belarusians prefer carbonated water. Тraditional liquid desserts that ... A notable example in this group is krambambula (Belarusian: крамбамбуля), vodka diluted with water, mixed with honey, and ... and then flour blended with water, bread kvass, beet juice or buttermilk was added to the stock. Black poliŭka, made with goose ...
Other varieties in the catalog include the sports drink Gatorade; the carbonated water Trevi; Icis, the purified water; and ... Cider Uhm Tae-woong Jin Se-yeon Lee Hyun-woo Im Si-wan Cantata coffee Gong Yoo So Ji-sub Lee Min-ho Hyun Bin Bottled water Kim ... The 2% brands opened up near water products in 1999, while diverse assortments range from soy milks to traditional beverage and ... Other liquors include Cheoeumcheoreom ('Like the first time'), which is the world's first soju made of alkaline-reduced water, ...
In 2014, they began farmer workshops to train them in best practice water management and encourage them to reduce their water ... Innocent also makes juice for kids; a not-from-concentrate juice range; Innocent Bubbles, which are carbonated; and coconut ... The project permitted them to identify ways to reduce water use through improving water efficiency and management on strawberry ... One can of this contains one portion of fruit juice (one of your 5-a-day) diluted with lightly sparkling water. Innocent Drinks ...
Pisagua Chilean Pisco with carbonated water. Pischela, another variation of Chilean Piscola, similar to a British "submarine" ... ice and soda water. Per capita consumption of pisco in Chile is 3 litres per year; an average of 18% of pisco production by ...
It is milk with carbonated water. The flavors are Citrus Burst, Peach Mango, Very Berry, and Tropical Colada. The drink was ... As of 2010 it was produced in limited quantities.In 2016, Coca-Cola India launched a flavored milk product (non-carbonated) ...
A vaporization heat wand and vaporization chamber bowl used to deliver vapor through a water pipe ...
Concentrate for dilution and/or addition of carbonated water. *Tincture. Buccal (sublabial),. sublingual. ...
It was not unusual for the vessel holding the water to be fastened to the standard by gauze, string, or other bandage, although ... or piece of gauze is hung a can containing hot water and soda solution. From this can a tube extends which is inserted in the ...
Examples of accidental inhalation includes inhalation of water (e.g. in drowning), smoke, food, vomitus and less common foreign ...
They are made by pouring boiling water over the plant parts and letting them steep for a few minutes. Seeds and roots can also ... Kuzuyu, is a thick white Japanese tea made by adding kudzu flour to hot water ... European Mistletoe (Viscum album), (steep in cold water for 2-6 hours) ... or other plant material in hot water. They do not usually contain caffeine.[3] Herbal teas should not be confused with true ...
Crystalloids are aqueous solutions of mineral salts or other water-soluble molecules. Colloids contain larger insoluble ... despite having no more effect than drinking sugared water, poses medical risks such as the possibility of infection. It is ... many doctors warn Asian immigrants in New York that the effects of injecting glucose differ little from drinking sugary water, ...
Syrup Concentrate for dilution and/or addition of carbonated water. *Tincture. Buccal (sublabial), sublingual. ...
... shells are a combination of gelatin, water, opacifier and a plasticiser such as glycerin or sorbitol. ...
Crystalloids are aqueous solutions of mineral salts or other water-soluble molecules. Colloids contain larger insoluble ... despite having no more effect than drinking sugared water, poses medical risks such as the possibility of infection. It is ... many doctors warn Asian immigrants in New York that the effects of injecting glucose differ little from drinking sugary water, ... Syrup Concentrate for dilution and/or addition of carbonated water. *Tincture. Buccal (sublabial), sublingual. ...
... usually added to a bucket of water and sponged on the body. They are used in hot weather to help cool down a horse after ... ammonia water, and medical turpentine. Its use was popular in Eastern Canada. ...
... this is the case in the stomach with carbonated or effervescent liquids as well) and is used in the Fentora fentanyl buccal ... Syrup Concentrate for dilution and/or addition of carbonated water. *Tincture. Buccal (sublabial), sublingual. ...
Carbonated Water, Sugar, Caramel Color, Phosphoric Acid, Caffeine, Natural Flavor. Carbonated Water, High Fructose Corn Syrup, ... Carbonated Water, High Fructose Corn Syrup, Caramel Color, Sugar, Phosphoric Acid, Caffeine, Citric Acid, Natural Flavor. ... Carbonated Water, Sugar, Orange Juice Concentrate, Citric Acid, Natural Flavor, Sodium Benzoate, Caffeine, Sodium Citrate, Gum ... Carbonated Water, Sugar, Caramel Color, Phosphoric Acid, Caffeine, Natural Flavor. ...
Sugars are fully hydrated carbon chains meaning that there is a water molecule attached to each carbon. Sugars come in two ... Most lollipops are eaten at room temperature, but "ice lollipops" or "ice lollies" are frozen water-based lollipops. Similar ... The second most important ingredient in lollipop production is water. Even though at the end of the lollipop making process, ... the moisture content falls to less than 2%, the starting process involves water. All other ingredients used in the process of ...
Syrup Concentrate for dilution and/or addition of carbonated water. *Tincture. Buccal (sublabial), sublingual. ...
"Effect of combined use of nonionic surfactant on formation of oil-in-water microemulsions". Int J Pharm. 288 (1): 27-34. PMID ... "A new solid self-microemulsifying formulation prepared by spray-drying to improve the oral bioavailability of poorly water ... "Fabrication of spontaneous emulsifying powders for improved dissolution of poorly water-soluble drugs". Powder Technology. 271 ... Syrup Concentrate for dilution and/or addition of carbonated water. *Tincture. Buccal (sublabial), sublingual. ...
... is a non-polar hydrophobic (water-repelling) hydrocarbon and insoluble in water. Glycerol is an alcohol that is ... It is insoluble in water. It is soluble in dichloromethane, chloroform, benzene, diethyl ether, carbon disulfide and oil of ... Solubility--Insoluble in water; almost insoluble in cold or hot alcohol or in cold dehydrated alcohol; freely soluble in ... Petroleum jelly is commonly used as a personal lubricant because it does not dry out like water-based lubricants, and has a ...
Mead (/miːd/) is an alcoholic drink made by fermenting honey with water, sometimes with various fruits, spices, grains, or hops ... Most beer is naturally carbonated as part of the fermentation process. If the fermented mash is distilled, then the drink ... Pulque is the Mesoamerican fermented drink made from the "honey water" of maguey, Agave americana. The drink distilled from ... It is called a reduction because the heat boils off some of the water and most of the more volatile alcohol, leaving a more ...
Pages in category "Carbonated water". The following 23 pages are in this category, out of 23 total. This list may not reflect ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Carbonated_water&oldid=588189247" ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carbonated water.. The main article for this category is Carbonated water. ...
The goal was to create the logo for the bottled water company as well as conceive graphic elements that would be featured on ... For this project the mission was to design a label for a fictional water company named after a mythological deity. ... The goal was to create the logo for the bottled water company as well as conceive graphic elements that would be featured on ... For this project the mission was to design a label for a fictional water company named after a mythological deity. The goal was ...
Carbonated water (also known as sparkling water, seltzer water, seltzer, bubbly water, or fizzy water, or the closely related ... Soda water made in this way tends not to be as carbonated as commercial soda water because water from the refrigerator is not ... By itself, carbonated water appears to have little impact on health. While carbonated water is somewhat acidic, this acidity is ... Flavored carbonated water is also commercially available like cola. Carbonated water is often consumed mixed with fruit juice. ...
... water! With Carbon Dioxide added so it becomes a suspension of H2O-CO2! Wow, it fizzes when you shake it and you can spray your ... Most of of think of carbonated water (also called Sparkling Water) as a fairly new invention, but its not -- in fact, its ... This is all well and good, but how did carbonated water get from being a treatment for scurvy to a drinks mixer and soft drink ... Its water! Yes, water! With Carbon Dioxide added so it becomes a suspension of H2O-CO2! Wow, it fizzes when you shake it and ...
... non-carbonated, CRYSTAL GEYSER Nutrition - BellaOnline Nutrition Database - BellaOnline is committed to helping our visitors ... Water, bottled, non-carbonated, CRYSTAL GEYSER. Food Group: Beverages. Long Description: Water, bottled, non-carbonated, ... Water, bottled, non-carbonated, CRYSTAL GEYSER Nutrition. This page is all about the nutrition of Water, bottled, non- ... Short Description: WATER,BTLD,NON-CARBONATED,CRYSTAL GEYSER. Common Name: Manufacturer name: Crystal Geyser Alpine Spring Water ...
For making snow cones, I know that ice should come from carbonated water. As in my country is quite difficult to find a proper ... The pure water will not loose sodium. (It has no sodium to loose). You do not need carbonated water. Just chop the regular ice ... In that way I could get carbonated ice.. My question is: Do you think that pouring carbonated water in plastic bags for ... I know that ice should come from carbonated water.. I dont think that is true. You should make Ive from plain/flat water and ...
A description and a collection of drink recipes for carbonated water, with its origin, ingredients, alcohol content, and ... Top > Water > Carbonated Water. Carbonated water. Carbon-dioxide charged water.. view recipes with carbonated water ... most popular drinks with carbonated water.... Fruit Punch. Purple Rain. Gin Fizz. Vodka Collins. 007. Sloe Gin Fizz. Gin Rickey ...
This article discusses whether plain and other types of flavored or carbonated water contain calories. ... With all the various forms and types of water on the market, you may wonder whether some of these products have calories. ... Carbonated waters. Carbonated water, also known as club soda, seltzer, sparkling, or tonic water, contains carbonic acid formed ... Its what gives carbonated water its fizz and tang.. Carbonated waters may be plain or contain natural flavors or minerals to ...
Treat yourself to exclusive imported beer and wine that youll find in store. Choose from lots of microbrewery beers or Les Vins Harmonies line of wines from renowned sommelier François Chartier, including Le Grand Touski, a French white wine, and LÉpicé Noir, a red wine from Spain. And next time you host a get-together with friends, make it a "beer and cheese" night with a little help from beer expert Philippe Wouters flavour profiles ...
Carbonated water, also known as sparkling water, fizzy water, seltzer, and water with gas, is plain water into which carbon ... The process of carbonation can also occur naturally to produce carbonated mineral water. Beer and wine are carbonated by ... Most soft drinks have carbonated water as a base. The process of dissolving carbon dioxide gas is called carbonation. It ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Carbonated_water&oldid=5905900" ...
Impregnating Water with Fixed Air. In order to communicate to it the peculiar Spirit and Virtues of. Pyrmont Water,. And other ... but that this water must have all the medicinal virtues of Pyrmont water, and some other mineral waters similar to it, whatever ... as a mineral water or spring; relating to such waters or preparations.^. 3. clyster: a medicine injected into the rectum, to ... To give the water as much air as it can receive in this way, the process may be repeated with water thus impregnated. This will ...
... we ask experts if carbonated water is bad for you, your weight and your teeth. ... After a recent study suggested sparkling water could make you hungrier, ... water and we are constantly losing water by sweat or urine, I would recommend drinking 1.5L a day of still or sparkling water ... Even though the study didnt test for the effect of carbonated water, it has been assumed that the gas in the drinks, as ...
While there are rumors that carbonated water may increase your risk of kidney stones, theres not much data to back it up. So, ... whether you choose flat or carbonated, feel free to drink up. ... Drinking water is good for your health and the health of your ... The different types of carbonated water include seltzer water, club soda, mineral water and tonic water. Seltzer water contains ... Flat Water. Flat water is simply the regular water that comes out of your faucet or from a bottle. Carbonated water is flat ...
Perrier® Original unflavored carbonated mineral water has delighted generations of sparkling beverage lovers with its unique ... PERRIER Carbonated Mineral Water has delighted generations of beverage seekers, with its blend of bubbles and balanced mineral ... PERRIER Carbonated Mineral Water has delighted generations of beverage seekers, with its blend of bubbles and balanced mineral ... PERRIER Carbonated Mineral Water has delighted generations of beverage seekers, with its blend of bubbles and balanced mineral ...
Carbonated water has often been a subject of the ongoing debate about its ability to impede the fat burning process. The ... The Fate of Carbon Dioxide in Carbonated Water. When we ingest carbonated water, our stomach fills up a with combination of ... Carbonated water has often been a subject of the ongoing debate about its ability to impede the fat burning process. The ... Carbonated water does not impede the bodys ability to burn fat effectively. Fat is stored in the form of triglycerides inside ...
Is there any danger to drinking carbonated water instead of still water? Some web articles state that carbonated water does not ... If not, carbonated water is a good way to increase water intake and is also a refreshing way of diluting the calories in high ... Unlike sparkling water, however, mineral water does not have to be carbonated, and is defined by its having over 250 parts per ... Carbonated water is created (or exists naturally) by dissolving carbon dioxide(CO2) in water. This creates carbonic acid, which ...
Carbonated water is almost as beneficial to health as plain water. When compared to regular water, sparkling water has the ... "benefits carbonated water,health benefits soda,soda carbonated water]"} Get the latest tips on diet, exercise and ... Carbonated water is simply fizzy water, to which flavorings may be added to make a seltzer. Sodas, also referred to as "pop" or ... Carbonated water is good for hydration, although fizzy water has less of a hydrating effect than the same volume of regular ...
... fizzy water, seltzer water, or sparkling water, and sometimes small amounts of other minerals are added. ... This beverage is water that has been infused with carbon dioxide gas under pressure, which produces a bubbly drink called club ... As an alternative to sugary soft drinks carbonated water is a refreshing beverage, but some concerns have been raised as to ... Currently there is no evidence to support carbonated or sparkling water being bad for health, provided they have not been ...
Can drinking sparkling water weaken your bones or cause osteoporosis? Find out if drinking seltzer, soda, or carbonated water ... Does carbonated water hurt the enamel on your teeth? ... See also: Is Mineral Water Good for You? Does Carbonated Water ... Carbonated water will not hurt your stomach. In fact, many people find that drinking a little carbonated water is a good way to ... Does Carbonated Water Harm Your Teeth?. When carbon dioxide is dissolved in water, small amounts of carbonic acid are formed, ...
... bubbly water, & fizzy water. Benefits include relieving constipation and indigestion, and weight loss. ... Carbonated water or sparkling water is also known as seltzer water, ... Sparkling Water (Carbonated Water). Top 7 Benefits of Sparkling Water (Carbonated Water). by John Staughton last updated - July ... What is Sparkling Water?. Sparkling water is the flashy name for carbonated water - water into which carbon dioxide has been ...
Carbonated water for the separation of carboxylic compounds: a chromatography approach X. Yuan, B. E. Richter, K. Jiang, K. J. ... carbonated) water. Chromatographic retention, selectivity and zeta potential are utilized to demonstrate a dynamic ion exchange ...
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Owner Review by Kathleen Waters. STANLEY NINETEEN13. CARBONATED DRINK BOTTLE BY KATHLEEN WATERS. JULY 18, 2012. OWNER REVIEW ... Ive had similar results with carbonated water and sodas as well.. Onto sparkling wine! My main intent for the Stanley was for ... Read more gear reviews by Kathleen Waters. Reviews , Hydration Systems , Thermos Flasks , Stanley Nineteen13 Carbonated Bottle ... I have found strong flavors like Johns favorite cherry carbonated vitamin water tend to be harder to eradicate. A quick swish ...
... Carbonated water, also known as sparkling water, and seltzer, is plain water into ... Posted in Seltzer Water Tags: club soda, gentler fizz water, soda water, sparkling mineral water, tonic water. ... Tonic water is a carbonated drink containing water, sugar, carbon dioxide and quinine. Quinine was added to the tonic water to ... Thomas Henry produced the first forced carbonated water using an apparatus that utilized a pump to impregnate water with fixed ...
Its water with bubbles FFS.... I call BS. Ill drink water all day long. Carbonated water? If it were 100ºF out, Id rather ... Its water with bubbles FFS.... I call BS. Ill drink water all day long. Carbonated water? If it were 100ºF out, Id rather ... A carbonated water beverage with 4% alcohol by volume. Virtually odorless, colorless, and tasteless, it may at first seem like ... If I want to drink fizzy water, Ill just drink fizzy water and leave my liver out of the equation, thank-you-very-much.. / ...
  • The pure water will not loose sodium. (experts-exchange.com)
  • Whether homemade or store-bought, soda water may be identical to plain carbonated water or it may contain a small amount of table salt, sodium citrate, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, potassium citrate, potassium sulfate, or disodium phosphate, depending on the bottler. (wikipedia.org)
  • If an alkaline salt, such as sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, or potassium citrate is added to the water, its acidity is reduced. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some bottled or canned carbonated water contains added sodium to decrease this acidity and improve taste. (cnn.com)
  • If you are on a low sodium diet and consume bottled or canned carbonated water, make sure to pay attention to the sodium content and choose lower sodium options. (cnn.com)
  • Club soda may be similar to plain carbonated water or it may have a few amount of table salt, sodium bicarbonate, sodium citrate, potassium bicarbonate, potassium sulfate, or disodium phosphate, which depends upon the bottler. (flavoredseltzerwater.com)
  • The actual carbonated water used in this test not merely had much more carbon dioxide than actually tap water, but additionally had been found to have much higher levels of minerals such as sodium, potassium, sulfate, fluoride, chloride, magnesium, and calcium. (dkrill.com)
  • The actual carbonated water utilized in this trial not only had much more carbon dioxide compared to does tap water, but additionally was observed to have much higher levels of minerals including sodium, potassium, sulfate, fluoride, chloride, magnesium, and calcium. (dkrill.com)
  • A high-sodium diet disrupts electrolyte levels in your body and leads to water retention, or edema, a build-up of fluid in the tissues in your body. (livestrong.com)
  • And food high in sodium causes your body to retain water, giving your belly a bloated look and feel. (dummies.com)
  • the ingredients are usually water, sweetener such as aspartame or sodium saccharin, juice in a low quantity (typically 5-10 percent), large quantities of flavouring, preservatives and sometimes a colour such as anthocyanin. (wikipedia.org)
  • It consists of two linked glass globes: the lower contained water or other drink to be made sparkling, the upper a mixture of tartaric acid and sodium bicarbonate that reacts to produce carbon dioxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • A recipe for cream soda-written by E. M. Sheldon and published in Michigan Farmer in 1852-called for water, cream of tartar (tartaric acid), Epsom salts, sugar, egg, and milk, to be mixed, then heated, and when cool mixed with water and a quarter teaspoonful of soda (sodium bicarbonate) to make an effervescent drink. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hence, for producers looking to engage with France's ageing population, lightly carbonated waters is the way to go, as they may be considered more thirst quenching. (mintel.com)
  • The device that is used now-a-days to carbonize water is appropriately called a Carbonator and uses a series of high pressure valves to impregnate filtered water in a matter of a few seconds, usually along with mixing the flavoring syrup into the water as well. (everything2.com)
  • A frozen carbonated drink or frozen carbonated beverage (FCB) is a mixture of flavored sugar syrup, carbon dioxide, and water that is frozen by a custom machine creating a drink comprising a fine slush of suspended ice crystals, with liquid. (wikipedia.org)
  • A soda gun has the ability to serve any beverage that is some combination of syrup, water and carbon dioxide. (wikipedia.org)
  • By mixing the syrup with water at the last possible stage, the energy for transporting the syrup is minimised, which has implications both for costs and energy. (wikipedia.org)
  • A post-mix soda gun combines concentrated syrup from a bag-in-box and mixes it with filtered tap water, either carbonated or non-carbonated, at the point of expense. (wikipedia.org)
  • Excluding the purchase price of the machine, typical cost to the end user (2015, United States dollars) is 25 cents per litre of carbonated water generated plus another 50 cents per litre for the soda syrup. (wikipedia.org)
  • This was made by putting flavored syrup into a specially designed tall glass, adding carbonated water and, finally, one or two scoops of ice cream. (wikipedia.org)
  • The drinker, pours a tea spoon of gomme syrup, soda water and vodka (or its equivalent). (wikipedia.org)
  • Malzbier in its native form was superseded during the 1960s by its modern form, formulated from water, glucose syrup, malt extract and hops extract, which had been on the market since the latter half of the 19th century, notably in Denmark. (wikipedia.org)
  • An Italian soda is a soft drink made from carbonated water and simple syrup, usually flavored. (wikipedia.org)
  • An egg cream is a beverage consisting of milk, carbonated water, and flavored syrup (typically chocolate or vanilla). (wikipedia.org)
  • Food historian Andrew Smith writes: "During the 1880s, a popular specialty was made with chocolate syrup, cream, and raw eggs mixed into soda water, In poorer neighborhoods, a less expensive version of this treat was created, called the Egg Cream (made without the eggs or cream). (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike today's thick, ice cream-like consistency, the original milkshakes were made with sweet cream (sometimes frozen as "ice cream"), a whole egg, flavored syrup, and soda water. (wikipedia.org)
  • The egg, cream, and syrup were shaken in a cocktail shaker until light and frothy, then poured into a glass where the soda water was added. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mauby is often bought as a pre-made syrup and then mixed with water (sparkling or still) to the consumer's taste, but many make it themselves at home or purchase it from neighbourhood producers or street sellers. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition, in some places in the U.S. where the drink is made on location, especially in cafes, cream soda consists of soda water, vanilla syrup, and cream or half and half. (wikipedia.org)
  • Italian cream soda is usually a mixture of carbonated water, vanilla syrup, and added half and half or cream. (wikipedia.org)
  • Further evaluation revealed that carbonated water particularly reduced early stomach fullness and increased gallbladder emptying, whilst tap water did not. (dkrill.com)
  • Extra evaluation revealed that carbonated water particularly reduced early stomach fullness as well as elevated gallbladder emptying, while plain tap water did not. (affilliatesyphon.com)
  • Extra assessment uncovered that carbonated water specifically decreased early stomach fullness and increased gallbladder emptying, whilst plain tap water did not. (webbceo.com)
  • Further assessment uncovered that carbonated water particularly decreased early on stomach fullness and elevated gallbladder emptying, while plain tap water did not. (tyantis.com)
  • Further assessment uncovered that carbonated water specifically reduced early stomach fullness as well as increased gallbladder emptying, whilst tap water did not. (preschollcrafts.com)
  • Additional research is needed to determine whether this particular mineral-rich carbonated water would be more effective in reducing dyspepsia than would carbonated plain tap water. (dkrill.com)
  • Further research is needed to ascertain whether this particular mineral-rich carbonated water would be more effective in relieving dyspepsia than would carbonated plain tap water. (affilliatesyphon.com)
  • Those with constipation report that sparkling water helped to relieve their symptoms as participants in one study reported a 58% decrease in their symptoms, and there is evidence that sparkling water may help to improve other symptoms of indigestion. (worldhealth.net)
  • Eight of the 10 people in the carbonated water group had noticeable improvement in dyspepsia ratings at the end of the trial, 2 had no change and one worsened. (dkrill.com)
  • 8 of the ten people in the carbonated water team experienced marked improvement in dyspepsia ratings at the end of the test, 2 experienced absolutely no change and one worsened. (bizcardmachine.com)
  • When Kraft purchased the company, it discontinued making the beverage with spring water, and added the artificial sweetener Ace-K (acesulfame potassium). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Selters water also contains raised levels of calcium, chloride, magnesium, sulfate and potassium ions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Well, that is generally believed to have happened in 1807 at the behest a certain Philip Syng Physick when he asked his surgeons assistant to prepare a glass of carbonated water with a quantity of flavoring in it to make it more palatable (because pure soda water usually has a slightly bitter taste to it). (everything2.com)
  • Bubbles in a glass of carbonated water. (livestrong.com)
  • When compared to regular water, sparkling water has the ability to cause dental erosion, but the negative dental effects of carbonated water are negligible. (livestrong.com)
  • The experiment conducted to show the effects of carbonated water on plants had plants divided in two groups. (mebeveragewater.com)
  • estimated risk of developing heart disease within 10 years was decreased by 35% for those who drank carbonated water over those who drank control water. (worldhealth.net)
  • One group (10 subjects) drank carbonated water and the other (11 subjects) tap water for almost 15 days. (elsevier.com)
  • While these types are generally calorie-free, tonic water is often sweetened with sugar. (healthline.com)
  • On the other hand, diet versions of tonic water are calorie-free. (healthline.com)
  • be sure to look for other chemicals or additives, such as those commonly added to club soda or tonic water. (organicfacts.net)
  • On one end of the spectrum, you'll find cocktail mixers, such as club soda and tonic water. (livestrong.com)
  • Schweppes Tonic Water TV Advert by O & M". Youtube. (wikipedia.org)
  • Originally used as a prophylactic against malaria, tonic water usually now has a significantly lower quinine content and is consumed for its distinctive bitter flavor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Quinine powder was so bitter that British officials stationed in early 19th Century India and other tropical posts began mixing the powder with soda and sugar, and a basic tonic water was created. (wikipedia.org)
  • The first commercial tonic water was produced in 1858. (wikipedia.org)
  • Medicinal tonic water originally contained only carbonated water and a large amount of quinine. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, most tonic water today contains a less significant amount of quinine, and is thus used mostly for its flavor. (wikipedia.org)
  • Traditional-style tonic water with little more than quinine and carbonated water is less common, but may be preferred by those who desire the bitter flavor. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] In the United States, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) limits the quinine content in tonic water to 83 ppm (83 mg per liter if calculated by mass), while the daily therapeutic dose of quinine is in the range of 500-1000 mg, and 10 mg/kg every eight hours for effective malaria prevention (2100 mg daily for a 70 kg adult). (wikipedia.org)
  • Tonic water with lemon or lime flavour added is known as bitter lemon or bitter lime, respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tonic water will fluoresce under ultraviolet light, owing to the presence of quinine. (wikipedia.org)