Carbofuran: A cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as a systemic insecticide, an acaricide, and nematocide. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Insecticides: Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.Carbamates: Derivatives of carbamic acid, H2NC(=O)OH. Included under this heading are N-substituted and O-substituted carbamic acids. In general carbamate esters are referred to as urethanes, and polymers that include repeating units of carbamate are referred to as POLYURETHANES. Note however that polyurethanes are derived from the polymerization of ISOCYANATES and the singular term URETHANE refers to the ethyl ester of carbamic acid.Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Dielectric Spectroscopy: A technique of measuring the dielectric properties of materials, which vary over a range of frequencies depending on the physical properties of the material. The technique involves measuring, over a range of frequencies, ELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE and phase shift of an electric field as it passes through the material.Lettuce: Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Pesticide Residues: Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.Electrochemical Techniques: The utilization of an electrical current to measure, analyze, or alter chemicals or chemical reactions in solution, cells, or tissues.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.IowaBiodegradation, Environmental: Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.Brassica: A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).Flavobacterium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in SOIL and WATER. Its organisms are also found in raw meats, MILK and other FOOD, hospital environments, and human clinical specimens. Some species are pathogenic in humans.Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Hydrolases: Any member of the class of enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of the substrate and the addition of water to the resulting molecules, e.g., ESTERASES, glycosidases (GLYCOSIDE HYDROLASES), lipases, NUCLEOTIDASES, peptidases (PEPTIDE HYDROLASES), and phosphatases (PHOSPHORIC MONOESTER HYDROLASES). EC 3.Pseudomonas: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.Biosensing Techniques: Any of a variety of procedures which use biomolecular probes to measure the presence or concentration of biological molecules, biological structures, microorganisms, etc., by translating a biochemical interaction at the probe surface into a quantifiable physical signal.Electrodes: Electric conductors through which electric currents enter or leave a medium, whether it be an electrolytic solution, solid, molten mass, gas, or vacuum.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Dictionaries, ChemicalAgrochemicals: Chemicals used in agriculture. These include pesticides, fumigants, fertilizers, plant hormones, steroids, antibiotics, mycotoxins, etc.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Biopharmaceutics: The study of the physical and chemical properties of a drug and its dosage form as related to the onset, duration, and intensity of its action.Pharmaceutical Preparations: Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.Biological Ontologies: Structured vocabularies describing concepts from the fields of biology and relationships between concepts.Blogging: Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.Cucumis melo: A plant species of the family CUCURBITACEAE, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae known for the melon fruits with reticulated (net) surface including cantaloupes, honeydew, casaba, and Persian melons.ArchivesMethomyl: A carbamate insecticide with anticholinesterase activity.Methiocarb: Insecticide, molluscacide, acaricide.Aldicarb: Carbamate derivative used as an insecticide, acaricide, and nematocide.Calotropis: A plant genus of the family ASCLEPIADACEAE. The downy akund floss fiber from the seeds is used like kapok.Endosulfan: A polychlorinated compound used for controlling a variety of insects. It is practically water-insoluble, but readily adheres to clay particles and persists in soil and water for several years. Its mode of action involves repetitive nerve-discharges positively correlated to increase in temperature. This compound is extremely toxic to most fish. (From Comp Biochem Physiol (C) 1993 Jul;105(3):347-61)Ice Cream: A frozen dairy food made from cream or butterfat, milk, sugar, and flavorings. Frozen custard and French-type ice creams also contain eggs.Vanilla: A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).Bees: Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.Pollination: The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)United StatesHealth Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Methyl Parathion: The methyl homolog of parathion. An effective, but highly toxic, organothiophosphate insecticide and cholinesterase inhibitor.Parathion: A highly toxic cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an acaricide and as an insecticide.Fasciculation: Involuntary contraction of the muscle fibers innervated by a motor unit. Fasciculations can often by visualized and take the form of a muscle twitch or dimpling under the skin, but usually do not generate sufficient force to move a limb. They may represent a benign condition or occur as a manifestation of MOTOR NEURON DISEASE or PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISEASES. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1294)Creatine Kinase: A transferase that catalyzes formation of PHOSPHOCREATINE from ATP + CREATINE. The reaction stores ATP energy as phosphocreatine. Three cytoplasmic ISOENZYMES have been identified in human tissues: the MM type from SKELETAL MUSCLE, the MB type from myocardial tissue and the BB type from nervous tissue as well as a mitochondrial isoenzyme. Macro-creatine kinase refers to creatine kinase complexed with other serum proteins.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.

Farm worker illness following exposure to carbofuran and other pesticides--Fresno County California, 1998. (1/31)

In California, suspected pesticide-related illnesses and suspected work-related illnesses and injuries are reportable conditions. On July 31, 1998, the Occupational Health Branch of the California Department of Health Services (CDHS) received a report from the California Department of Pesticide Regulation (CDPR) of a pesticide exposure incident in Fresno County involving 34 farm workers. CDHS investigated this incident by reviewing medical records of the 34 workers and interviewing 29. The findings indicated that the workers became ill after early reentry into a cotton field that had been sprayed with a cholinesterase-inhibiting carbamate pesticides  (+info)

Proposal for a method for testing resistance of clothing and gloves to penetration by pesticides. (2/31)

The paper presents the proposal for a method for testing the resistance of materials used for the production of protective clothing and gloves to penetration by concentrated chemical preparations of pesticides. It has been based to a large extent on the recommendations of European standards, with certain modifications resulting from the specific properties of non-volatile and non-water-soluble biologically-active components of pesticides. These modifications primarily involved the use of a solid sorption medium and adjustment of research apparatus to the research conditions consistent with the proposed method. The results of preliminary studies on penetration of the selected biologically-active components of pesticides (dichlorvos, 2,4-D, cypermethrin, carbofuran) through the selected protective materials (fabric coated with viton and butyl on both sides, rubberised fabric, butyl rubber) are presented. The study confirmed the usefulness of the proposed method for testing the resistance of materials protecting against the effect of pesticides.  (+info)

Investigation of deaths in an area of groundnut plantations in Casamance, South of Senegal after exposure to Carbofuran, Thiram and Benomyl. (3/31)

Between May and October 2000, the Regional Health Office of Kolda Region in the south of Senegal, West Africa, reported an epidemic of an unknown illness characterized by thoracic pain, dyspnea and edemas of limb and face. The epidemic covered a radius of approximately 40 km (24 miles) between the districts of Kolda and Sedhiou in Kolda Region. Cases were mostly men whose age ranged between 12 and 60 years old. Investigation revealed that they had been exposed to pesticides distributed by the government to groundnut farmers. The signs and symptoms suggested intoxication with carbamates, carbofurans, and possibly thiram, contained in the pesticides distributed with the groundnut seeds. Government distribution created an excessive use of pesticides in the farms, and consequently an overexposure of the subjects who handled the seeders, especially young males but also a small proportion of women who worked in the groundnut fields. Many of these subjects, not accustomed to handle pesticides, came to overestimate the quantity of product to fill the seeder. It should be noted that the policy of distribution of pesticides in Senegal, which presents risk of poisoning, was not systematically accompanied by sufficient information on the danger of the products and of certain precautions that should be taken during their use.  (+info)

Reproductive toxicity of carbofuran to the female mice: effects on estrous cycle and follicles. (4/31)

Carbofuran, a systemic N-methyl carbamate pesticide was orally administered with the doses of 0.4, 0.7, 1 and 1.3 mg/kg body weight/day to normal virgin female Swiss albino mice for 30 days. The vaginal smear and body weight of mice were recorded daily and mice were sacrificed on the 31st day. Estrous cycle was effected by showing a significant decrease in the number of estrous cycle and the duration of each phases of estrous cycle with concomitant significant increase in the diestrus phase in 1 and 1.3 mg/kg/d carbofuran treatment when compared with that of control mice. There was a significant decrease in the number of healthy follicles and a significant increase in the number of atretic follicles in 1 and 1.3 mg/kg/d treated groups when compared with the control. The histologic observations of the ovary revealed the presence of less number of healthy follicles and more number of atretic follicles in high dose of carbofuran treated mice. There was a dose dependent decrease in the body weight. The ovary weight was also decreased significantly in 1.3 mg/kg/d carbofuran treatment. There were no significant change in the weight of the organs such as uterus, kidney, adrenal, liver, spleen, thymus and thyroid. These observed effects of carbofuran on the estrous cycle and follicles may be due to a direct effect on the ovary or the hypothalamo-hypophysial ovarian axis causing hormonal imbalance.  (+info)

Development of a simultaneous analysis method for carbofuran and its three derivative pesticides in water by GC/MS with temperature programmable inlet on-column injection. (5/31)

A simultaneous analytical method was examined for carbofuran and its derivative pesticides in water. Since carbofuran derivatives are hydrolyzed to carbofuran in water, the liquid-liquid extraction method was used to obtain an accurate concentration value. Moreover, since these compounds are easily decomposed at the GC/MS injection port, temperature programmable inlet on-column injection was used. By combining the two methods, a sensitive analytical method was established without hydrolysis and thermal decomposition. As a result of recovery experiments using distilled water, river water and tap water, acceptable recovery rates and favorable reproducibility were obtained. This method was used in a field investigation to determine carbofuran and its derivative pesticides in river water taken from three points of the Y river over a period of one year. Carbofuran, benfuracarb, and carbosulfan were detected and corresponded to the period when these pesticides were used in the area. Although benfuracarb and carbosulfan using traditional methods are believed to easily hydrolyze and thermally decompose during the analytical process, by using our method they can be detected.  (+info)

Carbofuran-induced acute pancreatitis. (6/31)

CONTEXT: Carbamate insecticides are widely used in commercial agriculture and home gardening. A serious side effect of organophosphate and carbamate intoxication is the development of acute pancreatitis. CASE REPORT: A 36-year-old Caucasian woman was admitted to our hospital with cholinergic crisis and pancreatitis soon after the ingestion of a carbamate insecticide (carbofuran). An abdominal CT scan disclosed pancreatic necrosis with intrapancreatic fluid collection, consistent with the development of a pancreatic pseudocyst in a subsequent CT scan. No predisposing factor for pancreatitis was evident. Pseudocholinesterase levels returned to normal 7 days later and the patient was discharged in good physical condition one month after admission. DISCUSSION: Although acute pancreatitis is not infrequent after organophosphate intoxication, it is quite rare after carbamate ingestion and has not been previously reported after carbofuran intoxication.  (+info)

N-nitrosocarbofuran induces apoptosis in mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells (bEnd.3). (7/31)

In this study, we investigated whether carbofuran, a commonly used carbamate pesticide, and N-nitrosocarbofuran (NOCF), the N-nitroso metabolite of carbofuran, have cytotoxicity in mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells (bEnd.3). Results from the MTT assay in bEnd.3 cells showed that NOCF but not carbofuran caused a remarkable decrease in cell viability. The cell death induced by NOCF appeared to involve apoptosis, based on our results from annexin V staining and electron microscopy. To investigate the mechanism of the NOCF-induced cell death, we examined the effects of selective inhibitors for MAP kinase pathways, PD98059 (for MEK/ERK), SB202190 (for p38 MAP kinase), and SP600125 (for JNK), on the NOCF-induced cell death. The NOCF-induced cell death was significantly reduced by PD98059, but not by SB202190 or SP600125. NOCF increased ERK phosphorylation as early as 15 min after the treatment and this increase was maintained for 2 h. In summary, our results suggest that NOCF can induce apoptotic cell death, at least in part, through the ERK pathway in brain microvascular endothelial cells.  (+info)

Carbofuran induces apoptosis of rat cortical neurons and down-regulates surface alpha7 subunit of acetylcholine receptors. (8/31)

Carbofuran (CF), an anticholinesterase carbamate, is one of the most widely used N-methylcarbamate esters in insect and nematode control. Despite its serious adverse health effects on wildlife and humans, cellular and molecular studies of the damage of CF to CNS neurons are very limited. We have examined the cytotoxic effects of CF on cultured rat cortical cells, and the expression of the alpha7 subunit of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7 nAChR) in hippocampal neurons. CF was cytotoxic with an IC50 approximately 730 and approximately 640 microm when assessed by the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay and propidium iodide (PI) staining, respectively, 3 days after treatment. CF induced DNA fragmentation and exposure of phosphatidyl serine (PS) on the cell surface. Surface labeling of the alpha7 nAChR with Alexa Fluor 488-conjugated alpha-bungarotoxin (alphaBgt) revealed a significant decrease in the density of the subunits in treated (500 microm CF) hippocampal neurons. Our data indicate that CF induces neuronal death by apoptosis and down-regulates nAChRs.  (+info)

CD1 Mouse Brain Microvascular Endothelial Cells from Creative Bioarray are isolated from brain tissue tissue of pathogen-free laboratory mice. CD1 Mouse Brain Microvascular Endothelial Cells are grown in T25 tissue culture flasks pre-coated with gelatin-based coating solution for 2 min and incubated in Creative Bioarray Culture Complete Growth Medium generally for 3-7 days. Cultures are then expanded. Prior to shipping, cells are detached from flasks and immediately cryo-preserved in vials. Each vial contains at least 1x10^6 cells per ml and are delivered frozen. The method we use to isolate endothelial cells was developed based on a combination of established and our proprietary methods. These cells are pre-coated with PECAM-1 antibody, following the application of magnetic pre-coated with secondary antibody ...
Looking for green gram? Find out information about green gram. an E Asian bean plant, Phaseolus aureus, grown for forage and as the source of bean sprouts used in oriental cookery , a species of annual herbaceous plants... Explanation of green gram
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is expressed in the vascular endothelium of human brain tumors. To investigate the biological consequences of a possible autocrine modality of microvascular endothelial cell activation by endogenous bFGF in these tumors, mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells were stably transfected with a retroviral expression vector harboring a human bFGF cDNA. When grown on tissue culture plastic, bFGF-transfected clones show a transformed morphology and increased saturation density. bFGF-transfectants have an invasive behavior when seeded on three-dimensional fibrin gel and originate endothelial cell sprouts when embedded within fibrin. Also, bFGF-transfected cells undergo morphogenetic organization and produce a complex network of branching cord-like structures connecting foci of infiltrating cells when seeded on Matrigel, a laminin-rich extracellular matrix material. In contrast, parental and mock-transfected cells do not invade fibrin gels nor organize on ...
production by the enzyme.. In other cells, GTPCH-1 has been shown to be mediated by transcriptional mechanisms, posttranslationally by phosphorylation, and by the GTPCH-interacting protein GFRP, which modulates the activity of the enzyme. Cytokines lead to a marked upregulation of GTPCH-1 protein levels in several cells types.18,25-27 Hydrogen peroxide has also been shown to stimulate GTPCH-1 mRNA levels in mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells and in bovine endothelial cells.28 Unlike the cytokines and hydrogen peroxide, we found that laminar shear had no effect on GTPCH-1 protein expression but increased its activity by 30-fold. Of interest, the activity of PTPS and SR were unchanged by shear stress. Our data therefore indicate that the activity of GTPCH-1 is the regulating factor for H4B levels with shear stress. If one compares the relative activities of GTPCH-1, PTPS, and SR at baseline, it is obvious that PTPS activity is ≈10-fold higher than GTPCH-1, whereas SR activity is almost ...
definition of GGTI, what does GGTI mean?, meaning of GGTI, Green Gram Trypsin Inhibitor, GGTI stands for Green Gram Trypsin Inhibitor
The aim of this study was to develop a suitability model for Green gram production in Kitui County using GIS-based multi-criteria evaluation. Soil and topography were cho..
Important values in 100 grams of GREEN GRAM - dhal like energy, moisture, protein, fat, carbohydrates, fibre, calcium, Iron and Phosphorus.
Get this from a library! Biopesticides and bioagents : novel tools for pest management. [Md Arshad Anwer;] -- Insects, diseases, and weeds cause an almost 30% yield loss per annum in agricultural production, resulting in an increased consumption of pesticides by 20% per annum throughout the world. This ...
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) stated that chromium in the form of Cr(VI) has been deemed to be a class-A human carcinogen. It has been a major contaminant associated with wastewater. Moreover, the existence of heavy metals in aquatic systems is a critical concern for the environment as well as industries that manufacture or consume these particular elements. In order to remove these particular toxic metals, several well-known conventional methods including ion-exchange, filtration and adsorption are used. Amongst these methods, adsorption offers significant advantages such as the low-cost materials, ease of operation and efficiency in comparison to the other conventional methods.. The aim of this work was to develop nanomaterials (particles and fibers) to address some critical issues for the treatment of heavy metals, especially chromium in aqueous systems. Furthermore, the use of nanomaterials and how they relate to nanoscale operations at the biological level has ...
A meta description is an HTML tag in the HTML code of your website, which allows you to customize a section of text that describes the page itself. It plays a role in how your page is seen by search engine crawlers, and how it appears in SERPs
With recent advances in the field of genome sequencing, analysis and availability of large genomic data in the public domain, we made an attempt to survey the presence of the conserved domains, super families and multi domains having putative functions identified from green gram Genomic Survey Sequences using computational tools.
n-Butyl propionate was of low acute oral toxicity in rats, and low acute dermal toxicity in rabbits. It has been shown to be a skin irritant in rabbits. Attempts to sensitize a small number of human volunteers to dilute solutions of n-butyl propionate were unsuccessful.. Date of Publication: 1990. Number of Pages: 3. CAS Number*: 590-01-2. Format: PDF available for immediate download. Toxicity Profiles A-Z. 1-8 A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V X Z. ...
Tolualdehyde was a skin irritant in rabbits. No evidence of skin sensitization was found in volunteers treated with dilute solutions but sensitization reactions were apparently induced in guinea-pigs. In rats, the acute oral and dermal toxicity were low and pituitary gland weight was reduced following repeated oral administration. There was no evidence of mutagenicity in Ames bacterial tests.. Date of Publication: 1990. Number of Pages: 3. CAS Number*: 1334-78-7. 620-23-5. 529-20-4. 104-87-0. Format: PDF available for immediate download. Toxicity Profiles A-Z. 1-8 A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V X Z. ...
Introduction The study was performed to assess the acute dermal toxicity of the test item in the Wistar strain rat. Methods A group of ten animals (five males and five females) was given a single, 24 hour, semi‑occluded dermal application of the test item to intact skin at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg body weight. Clinical signs and body weight development were monitored during the study. All animals were subjected to gross necropsy. Results Mortality. There were no deaths. Clinical Observations. There were no signs of systemic toxicity. Dermal Irritation. Very slight erythema was noted at the test sites of all males and two females. There were no signs of dermal irritation noted at the test sites of three females. Body Weight. Animals showed expected gains in body weight, except for one female which showed body weight loss during the first week with expected gain in body weight during the second week. Necropsy. No abnormalities were noted at necropsy. Conclusion The acute dermal median lethal ...
other: Study was conducted in methods comparable to OECD guideline 411 " Subchronic Dermal Toxicity: 90-day Study". 25 animals per sex per dose, only two dose levels evaluated. Not GLP. ...
Overcome: pull the plant from the pot and wash the roots in running water. Cut and remove all the root fibers are damaged and rotten. Furthermore roots soaked in a solution of insecticide or nematisida (for example, or nematisida Dazomet 98% with the recommended dose) until all the roots and base of the stem submerged for half an hour. Next lift the plants and wind-aired in the shade for 1-2 weeks. Having healthy plants should be planted in the planting of new media sterile. Use clean planting media and organic materials that have been cooked properly. If need be added nematisida like Furadan 3G granules mixed in the planting medium ...
Poisoning of animals by both allowed and prohibited substances like Furadan has increased dramatically throughout Europe. Its not just homeless, abandoned - stray animals that are poisoned, owned...
This book presents a novel method for clustering of protein substructures that we developed in order to study the relationships between protein sequences and their structure. We show some properties of this method and the experimental results obtained by analyzing real data from PDB (Protein Data Bank). Furthermore, we present the results of the comparison of our method and the most commonly used methods for clustering of protein structures. The main advantage of our method is its high efficiency and scalability, which are key factors for analyzing large data sets. Finally, we propose a procedure for finding sequence profiles that tend to occur in more than one structural conformation but the number of their structural conformations is limited. This procedure is based on our method for protein substructure clustering ...
Eat sprouted green gram everyday in the morning and within 4 weeks you will see that your hairfall has reduced and immune system is improved alognwith several other health benefits.
Programmed-Temperature On-Column Inlet System(POC) Injector with Manual Flow Controller and Head Pressure Gauge with Flow Readout on Screen, 120V
An autonomous monitoring system for monitoring for bioagents. A collector gathers the air, water, soil, or substance being monitored. A sample preparation means for preparing a sample is operatively connected to the collector. A detector for detecting the bioagents in the sample is operatively connected to the sample preparation means. One embodiment of the present invention includes confirmation means for confirming the bioagents in the sample.
The purpose of this study was to determine important genes, functions, and networks contributing to the pathobiology of cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) from transcriptomic analyses across 3 species and 2 disease genotypes. Sequencing of RNA from laser microdissected neurovascular units of 5 human surgically resected CCM lesions, mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells, Caenorhabditis elegans with induced Ccm gene loss, and their respective controls provided differentially expressed genes (DEGs). DEGs from mouse and C. elegans were annotated into human homologous genes. Cross-comparisons of DEGs between species and genotypes, as well as network and gene ontology (GO) enrichment analyses, were performed. Among hundreds of DEGs identified in each model, common genes and 1 GO term (GO:0051656, establishment of organelle localization) were commonly identified across the different species and genotypes. In addition, 24 GO functions were present in 4 of 5 models and were related to ...
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Hyptis suaveolens in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed on 07-Oct-06 ...
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Parvin Samadi Pakchin, Marziyeh Fathi, Hossein Ghanbari, Reza Saber, Yadollah OmidiAbstractIn the current study, we report on the design and development of a novel electrochemical immunosensor for the detection of cancer antigen 125 (CA125) oncomarker. Polyamidoamine/gold nanoparticles (PAMAM/AuNPs) w...
The susceptibility of Drosophila melanogaster to carbofuran and the use of this organism in biomonitoring residues of the insecticide in cabbage was evaluated. Under the conditions of the bioassay, residues-film bioassay in Petri dish, carbofuran degraded depending on the temperature and time of exposure. Bioassays conducted with D. melanogaster showed that its toxicity increases with temperature (20 to 35 °C). LC50 values, calculated as a function of temperature, ranged from 3.6 to 10.5 mg/g body weight (bw) for males and from 2.9 to 8.7 mg/g bw for females. The formulated product Furadan® G was applied on cabbage (Brassica oleracea, var. capitata) and the residues of carbofuran were determined by bioassay. The determination limit of the bioassay was 0.1 mg/kg and the method presented reproducibility with coefficient variation of 17 %. The validation of the bioassay by high performance liquid chromatography confirms the viability of the bioassay with D. melanogaster in monitoring the residues ...
Page contains details about gold nanocrystals loaded on glutathione functionalized titania . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
Page contains details about copper sulfide-coated gold nanocrystals . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
In this study, a sandwich-type electrochemical (EC) immunosensor was proposed to detect a carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) based on Au-graphene and [email protected] blue (MB). The Au nanoparticles (NPs)-vertical graphene (VG) electrode efficiently amplifies the response signal by immobilizing a large amount of the c
In an acute dermal toxicity study (Limit test according to OECD 402), a group of 5 male and 5 female Wistar Crl: WI(Han) rats (source: Charles River, age: 9 weeks (m) and 13 weeks (f), weight: 231 to 247g (m) and 217 to 229 g (f)), were given a single dermal dose of undiluted Ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (purity: 99.88%) at a dose of 2000 mg/kg bw. Animals were then observed for 14 days. Dermal LD50Males/Females = , 2000 mg/kg bw Ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate is practically nontoxic in rats based on the dermal LD50in rats. The substance has no toxicity category according to Annex VI to Commission Directive 2001/59/EC, REGULATION (EC) No 1272/2008 and according to OECD GHS criteria. There were no treatment related signs of mortality or signs of toxicity but signs of irritation. All signs of irritation were reversible within the observation period. This acute dermal limit test study is classified as acceptable. It does satisfy the requirements for an acute dermal study in the rats according to ...
In a 28-day dermal toxicity study, alpha olefin 8 was applied to the shaved skin of six New Zealand white rabbits (3 intact and 3 abraded) at a dose level of 0.2 millilitres for 5 days/week during a 28-day period. The skin was ranked using a graded system by the study authors ranging from 1 (none) to 6 (severe). The average score for hyperaemia, exfoliation, and scab formation was approximately 2 (considered questionable). There were no other toxicity results reported. Therefore, no LOAEL or NOAEL were identified. This study received a Klimisch score of 4 and is classified as not assignable because this study only examined one dose level, and systemic toxicity was not evaluted. This study was selected as a supporting study because there was only was dose level examined and systemic toxicity was not evaluated; however, the study contains relevant and useful information, allowing this study to qualify as a supporting study. ...
This application note demonstrates the MET-Biodiesel capillary column as a suitable choice for analysts who work on triglyceride and/or wax separations in which high column temperatures and optimal results are required. The columns inertness, high thermal stability, and low bleed ensure good peak shape and resolution for the analytes that were evaluated.
Studies reveal that it acts as a natural medicine to control diabetes and high blood pressure.But it is not readily available in the market as other leaves and vegetables are available. Normally it is cooked with green gram dhal to be consumed the same day. But if it is made as a dry powder we can consume it on a daily basis / or as and when we feel like. ...
I decided to sprout black chick peas also known as kala channa I followed Kirans method, soaked overnight then left them lightly covered in a damp cheese cloth over a sieve for 2-3 days. Once they have finished sprouting keep them in the fridge. I made a simple salad with these but I have seen some tasty stir fry recipes on Indian food blogs. Heres a great recipe for chick pea and sprouted green gram sundal ...
ST. LOUIS - An Illinois federal court on March 22 denied a motion to dismiss filed by the owners of a commercial rental that allegedly contained mold, finding that a man who worked in the building and alleges that he was made ill by exposures to harmful...
Essential oils are natural substances which can be used as natural conservators for foods. The present work aimed to evaluate biological properties of essential oil of Hyptis suaveolens and its effect on shelf-life of beef. The extraction was carried out by hydro-distillation. Antioxidant activity was determined by method of DPPH and FRAP. Antimicrobial activity was determined by the microdilution and agar diffusion methods. The sensitivity of eleven pathogen microbial strains was tested. The conservation test of ground meat using essential oil was carried out by monitoring the evolution of the microbial groups. Result showed that extraction yield of essential oil was 0.21% (m/v). The DPPH assay gave IC50 of 16.367 ± 0.0739 µL and was confirmed by the FRAP assay. The essential oil from H. suaveolens showed inhibitory activity on microbial strains. Biopreservation assay revealed a significant decrease of microbial charge during conservation time. Thus essential oil was successful in vitro
Objective: To assess Chilo partellus Swinhoe (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) and Sesamia calamistis Hampson(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) ovipositionalresponses on Bt (Event 216, containing the Cry1Ab gene) andisogenic non-Bt (CML 216) maize plants. Methodology and results: Stem borer moths were allowed to oviposit on maize plants in oviposition cagesunder both choice (cages containing both Bt and non-Bt plants) and non-choice conditions (cagescontaining either only Bt or non-Bt plants). There were no significant differences in the mean numbers of egg batches per plant, eggs per batch, eggs laid per plant and egg hatchability between Bt and non-Bt plants in both choice and non-choice tests. Conclusion and application of findings: Event 216 did not deter oviposition by Chilo partellus and Sesamia calamistis. This factor should be taken into consideration when designing suitable refuge arrangements for managing resistance. Although most of the larvae exposed to the Bt plants would be killed, thus ...
The ability to stop the self-assembly of gold nanocrystals at a desired stage of the process provides new leverage to understand and control the dynamics of self-assembly. Herein, competitive ligands are used to unfavor the interaction of the cross-linker with the gold surface and terminate the growth reacti
HPLC Application #18282: Carbamate Pesticides on Kinetex 2.6µm C18 50 x 4.6mm ID. Column used: Kinetex® 2.6 µm C18 100 Å, LC Column 50 x 4.6 mm, Ea Part#: 00B-4462-E0
Looking for online definition of carbofuran in the Medical Dictionary? carbofuran explanation free. What is carbofuran? Meaning of carbofuran medical term. What does carbofuran mean?
Exposure to toxic chemicals in the home is a growing concern. This report presents an overview of the recruitment, methods for data collection, instruments used to collect data, and participant demographics for a study examining behaviors that influence exposure to environmental toxins in the home environment, also known as SUPERB (Study of Use of Products and Exposure Related Behaviors). The methods involved three different platforms: telephone interviews, internet-based surveys, and home-based monitoring. The purposes of SUPERB were: first, to compare data collection platforms with regard to feasibility, acceptability and reliability; and second, to provide longitudinal population-based data characterizing seasonal and long-term changes in exposure-related behaviors including food consumption, temporal-spatial activity, and household product use. Two cohorts of households were enrolled: families (one parent and one child) from northern California and older individuals (age 55+) from central California
Synthese geschützter N-Nitroso-Zuckeraminosäuren. N-(1,3,4,6-Tetra-O-acetyl-2-desoxy-β-D-glucopyranos-2-yl)-aminosäure-methylester und -β-D-galactopyranos-2-yl)aminosäure-methylester sowie deren N-Nitroso-Derivate (Synthesis of protected N-nitroso sugar amino acids. N-(1,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-2-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranos-2-yl) amino acid methyl esters and β-D-galactopyranos-2-yl amino acid methyl esters and their N-nitroso derivatives) ...
Several adverse health effects including irritant and allergic contact dermatitis have been reported among workers following occupational exposure to chromium containing compounds. To understand the molecular mechanisms responsible for the dermal toxicity of chromium, a differential gene expression profile of human skin fibroblasts exposed to a cytotoxic concentration of hexavalent potassium dichr
Beberapa jenis larutan PEG telah digunakan untuk menginduksi fusi antara protoplas hipokotil Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek var. radiata dengan protoplas daun Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek var. sublobata (Roxb.) Verdcourt dengan tujuan mendapatkan hasil fusi protoplas tertinggi dan kemudian mengamati perkembangan tahap awal protoplas hasil fusi serta protoplas kedua induknya. Protoplas dari kedua macam eksplan diisolasi secara enzimatis dengan menggunakan larutan enzim yang terdiri dari cellulase YC 2%, macerozyme R-10 1%, mannitol 0,4 M dan CaCl2.2H2O 2,5 mM. Protoplas dari hipokotil dan daun difusikan dengan menggunakan tiga macam larutan (P1, P2, P3) yang mengandung polyethylene glycol (PEG) BM 4000 dan senyawa-senyawa lain. Persentase fusi tertinggi (15,27%) diperoleh dari larutan P2, yang mengandung PEG 33%, sukrosa 1,8%, KH2PO4 1mM dan CaCl2.2H2O 10 mM. Pengamatan jumlah inti protoplas hasil fusi yang diwarnai dengan pewarnaan 4-6 diamino 2-phenilindole (DAPI) di bawah mikroskop fluoresensi ...
Synonyms for Mungbean in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Mungbean. 5 synonyms for mung bean: golden gram, green gram, mung, Phaseolus aureus, Vigna radiata. What are synonyms for Mungbean?
... - Let’s take a look at horse gram, the miracle pulse, and how it can benefit our health. Plus, there’s a recipe in here too! You may be familiar with red, black and green grams, but even the...
Toxic chemicals dissolve to different degrees in air, water and fat. Since fish breathe water, chemicals with a low tendency to dissolve in water accumulate because they cannot be eliminated easily in the water that fish pump across their gills," he says. "However, in air-breathing animals such as humans it is the low tendency of chemicals to evaporate to the air that determines whether the chemical has the potential to accumulate.". There is a difference between water-respiring and air-respiring animals and the way they bioaccumulate, adds Kelly, referring to the tendency of fat-soluble chemicals to build up in biological organisms.. For instance, the widely used pesticide lindane accumulates in rats (as well as humans). Yet lindane is easily eliminated by fish because it does dissolve in water. The same is true for some perfumes such as musk-xylene, as well as the degradation products of common fluorinated chemicals such as Teflon and ScotchGuard.. The Canadian researchers are hopeful that ...
This research is aimed to the study and application of an electrochemical immunosensor for the detection of ovalbumin (OVA) from egg white (or albumen) used as ...
... specifications & features from suppliers/manufacturer Groundnut is an essetial in the market today it used in the production of various kind of goods such Vegetable oil, groundnut cake, peanut. We have them in bulk For sell. So tryand see for your self.
The bromide ion functions as the nucleophile and attacks to displace the good leaving group, neutral alcohol molecule, by cleaving the C-O bond. This results in the formation of an alkyl bromide and an alcohol ...
Study Flashcards On Elderly Vison Impairment at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!
2015年 夏 - するすると時が流れ ブログを書く手が止まったままでいたのは きっと外の目を意識しすぎて きれいごとを書かなければと思った時期があったから そして 様々な面白い出来事をこなすのが忙しく自分の中に降りて考える時間が惜しいような気がしていたから と気づいたのでぼちぼち 気が向いた時にまた書いていこうかと思う》 ... ...
A label-free amperometric immunosensor based on graphene sheet(GS)-nafion(Nf)/thionine(TH)/Pt nanoparticles modified electrode is proposed for the ultrasensitive detection of kanamycin. The anti-kanamycin antibody was immobilised onto the GS-Nf/TH/Pt modified glassy carbon electrode (GCE) through electrostatic adsorption. TH was selected as an electron transfer mediator, and the synergistic effects among GS, TH ...
A novel strategy is presented for sensitive detection of alfa-fetoprotein (AFP), using a horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-functionalized Envision antibody complex (EVC) as the label. The Envision-AFP signal antibody copolymer (EVC-AFP Ab2) was composed of a dextran amine skeleton anchoring more than 100 molecules of HRP and 15 molecules of secondary antibody, and acted as a signal tag in the immunosensor. The sensor was constructed using the following steps: First, gold electrode (GE) was modified with nano-gold (AuNPs) by electro-deposition in HAuCl4 solution. The high affinity of the AuNPs surface facilitates direct formation of a self-assembled thiolated protein G layer. Next, the coated GE was incubated in a solution of AFP capture antibody (AFP Ab1); these antibodies attach to the thiolated protein G layer through their non-antigenic regions, leaving the antigen binding sites for binding of target analyte. Following a sandwich immunoreaction, an EVC-AFP Ab2-AFP-AFP Ab1 immunocomplex was formed on the
CIR Safety Review: Investigators have reported that Sodium Borate and Boric Acid are poorly absorbed through intact skin. Both compounds are absorbed through abraded, denuded or burned skin. In a 90-day dermal toxicity study, Boric Acid (25-200 mg/kg/day) was nonirritating and nontoxic when applied to intact skin. Sodium Borate and Boric Acid were relatively nontoxic when tested orally. A 5% Sodium Borate water solution was mildly or moderately irritating to the skin, and practically nonirritating when instilled in the eyes. Acute studies indicated that, at 10% in water, Boric Acid was mildly or moderately irritating to the skin. Sodium Borate or Boric Acid in the diet caused growth retardation. Dose levels of Boric Acid much higher than in personal care products caused reproductive effects. Boric Acid was nonmutagenic in a bacterial test system.. Boric Acid induced genetic effects in fruit flies. Limited carcinogenic and developmental toxicity studies did not indicate any effects. In clinical ...
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1. Anglade P. Les Sésamia. Entomologie appliquée à lagriculture Tome II, Lépidoptères, II Paris, France: Masson et Cie. 1972:1389-401 2. Melamed-Madjar V, Tam S. A field survey of changes in the composition of corn borer population in Israel. Phytoparasitica. 1980;8:201-4 3. Rousseau D. Maïs: la sésamie progresse cap au nord, dans lair marin et la douceur angevine: Progression de la sésamie dans les Pays-de-la-Loire: à gérer dans la région, à méditer ailleurs en France. Phytoma-La Défense des Végétaux. 2009;622:38-41 4. Frérot B, Guillon M, Bernard P, Madrennes L, De Schepper B, Mathieu F. et al. Mating disruption on pink corn borer, Sesamia nonagrioïdes Lef. (Lep, Noctuidae). Technology Transfer in Mating Disruption. IOBC wprs Bulletin. 1997;20:119-28 5. Larue P. La Sésamie (Sesamia nonagrioïdes Lef.): dégâts et actualisation de la lutte. Phytoma - La défense des végétaux. 1984;277:163-71 6. Leal WS. Odorant reception in insects: roles of receptors, binding proteins, ...
A handful of soaked fenugreek seeds and four to five bottle gourd flowers can be ground to a fine paste and taken with milk before going to bed. This is said to cure ulcers in the stomach. Similarly you can make a paste of boiled split green gram and these flowers. This should be mixed in hot rice. A few helpings of this hot rice can help alleviate stomach ache due to "heat", stomach irritation etc ...
Brugmansia suaveolens (Angels Trumpet, Angel-star, Angels Tears) The exotic Brugmansia suaveolens is a small tree or large evergreen shrub that is cultivated
Abstract: Evaluation of Selection Indices for Identification of Productive Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) Genotypes Under Different Water Regimes
In an article published in the journal Environment International, researchers from Inserm (Inserm Unit 1085 - IRSET, the Institute of Research in Environmental and Occupational Health, Rennes), in association with the Laboratory ...
The Safety Authority of BC has released a case study of all refrigerant leaks in BC from 2007 to 2015. The document shows where and how much refrigerant was released. Of the 50 refrigerant release incidents reported to BCSA between 2007 and 2015, 40 resulted in the release of ammonia from the refrigeration system. However, only 10 incidents included reports of injuries resulting from the incident. It is important to note that BCSA receives its injury reports from operators or first responders immediately following the incident. Ammonia exposure-related injuries may develop or the negative effects resulting of exposure may increase sometime after the initial reports to BCSA ...
Lindane containing medications, Lindane indications and usages ATC and ICD codes, combinations with other active ingredients and trade names information from Drugs-about.com
[150 Pages Report] Check for Discount on 2016 Lindane (CAS 58-89-9) Industry Market Report report by Prof Research. The Global and Chinese Lindane Industry, 2011-2021 Market Research...
APLIKASI FORMULASI PENGENCERAN BIOFERTILIZER (1:10) DENGAN KOMBINASI DOSIS DAN INTENSITAS YANG BERBEDA DALAM MENINGKATKAN PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKTIVITAS KACANG HIJAU (Vigna radiata L.) PADA LAHAN ...
سیپروفلوکساسین آنتی‌بیوتیکی پر مصرف در درمان عفونت‌ها است که تقریباً بخش عمده آن به‌صورت غیر متابولیزه دفع می‌شود و در نهایت از طریق تخلیه فاضلاب‌ها و پساب‌ها به منابع آبی وارد می‌شود. نانولوله‌های کربنه در سطح وسیعی برای حذف آلاینده‌ها استفاده شده است اما مشکلات ناشی از جداسازی آن مطرح است. هدف از این پژوهش، سنتز نانوکامپوزیت مگنتیت Fe3O4/MWCNTs و ارزیابی عملکرد آن در حذف سیپروفلوکساسین توسط فرایند فنتون هتروژن بود. نانوکامپوزیت مگنتیت سنتز شد و در شرایط آزمایشگاهی، با تأکید بر اثرات انواع پارامترهای مؤثر از جمله pH بین 4 تا 10، مقدار جاذب، یک تا 3 گرم در
Treating any one of these symptom-causing organisms may help the body function better and lighten the viral load. As one ME patient has said, its like carrying around a backpack of rocks. If you treat one virus successfully, its like tossing out one of the rocks. But lightening the load is not treating the whole disease complex. It does not remove the effect of that second circle; it simply makes it less. ...
Need some ideas? Browse our Gallery.. 2. Review the bids (quotes) our Cake Makers are willing to accept for your cake request. You have the ability to view the Bakers profile, rating and history of completed requests.. 3. If you are happy with a bid provided, select the Baker to bake your cake! If you do not wish to proceed with any Bakers, thats fine, better luck next time!. ...
There are just so many things wrong with that persons experience. Like so many before said, if you KNOW theres a Cake Wrecks blog, and you KNOW your cakes suck, get some instruction or hire new staff that do good work. And just for the snippy comment about the picture taking, I wouldve come back with my full on camera and taken all the pictures I wanted and posed the cakes until the store manager asked me to leave. Of course then Id also have to point out how I have a HUGE mouth and Id be telling the world how I was treated and at exactly which store ...
There are various ways of combining the ingredients for shortened cakes, but all are based on what is called the conventional method. Properly executed, it produces a tender cake with a light,
Learn how to make an Animal Cell Cake! What can only be seen under a microscope can now cover an entire serving plate. What was once unseeable can now be Seen,...
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My career as a wildlife veterinarian and storyteller has taken me to many countries for work on a wide range of species. I enjoy relating stories about the wild animal work, which range from having soldier ants up my shorts and pregnancy checking a lion to giving an enema to a rhino and encounters with a shaman from the Tsaatan reindeer herders in the mountains of Mongolia. I enjoy weaving African and other folktales into accounts of my own experiences with animals. In Africa I have worked in Kenya, Uganda, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa and Cameroon. In North America I have worked on species as diverse as polar bears, wood bison, seals, wolves, moose and elk. For thirty years I have worked on a wide variety of deer species on four continents. If you entered this blog directly you might like to take a look at pictures and extracts of my three books "Wrestling With Rhinos", "The Trouble With Lions" and "Of Moose and Men" that you can find on my web site at www.jerryhaigh. ...
Q: A physician wrote a prescription for 8% hydroquinone cream. No antioxidants were specified. Please help!. A: Hydroquinone (dihydroxybenzone) is a hydroxyphenolic compound with a structure similar to melanin precursors. It prevents formation of melanosomes and causes necrosis of existing melanocytes. These properties make it useful in the treatment of skin hyperpigmentation disorders.. Hydroquinone is an oxidizing agent and can turn preparations from bright white to brown ipn a short time; the resulting hydroquinone degradation inactivates it. Hydroquinone concentrations for hyperpigmentation disorders range from 2% to 5%; concentrations greater than that can present stability issues and also may increase the potential for carcinogenicity and dermal toxicity, among other postulated adverse effects.. A literature search revealed no formulations for hydroquinone concentrations greater than 5% in topical preparations. As noted above, hydroquinone presents a particular stability challenge to the ...
Microbiology Society journals contain high-quality research papers and topical review articles. We are a not-for-profit publisher and we support and invest in the microbiology community, to the benefit of everyone. This supports our principal goal to develop, expand and strengthen the networks available to our members so that they can generate new knowledge about microbes and ensure that it is shared with other communities.
Beyond Pesticides, February 6, 2008) EPA has submitted a draft Notice of Intent to Cancel (NOIC) for all carbofuran registrations to EPAs Scientific Advisory Panel (SAP). Carbofuran is a highly toxic insecticide used on field, fruit and vegetable crops and has long been the subject of controversy and a series of use restrictions that environmentalists have decried as too limited. EPA has opened a docket containing the materials provided to the SAP that is convening on February 5-8. The SAP will review the scientific assessment underlying EPAs NOIC for carbofuran and respond to questions posed by the agency related to the impact on health and the environment of the proposal. The docket number is EPA-HQ-OPP-2007-1088; view docket information.This action is the result of an interim reregistration eligibility decision reached by EPA in August 2006, in which the agency found all products containing carbofuran ineligible for reregistration. FIFRA requires that EPA consult the SAP before issuing an ...
The stemborer Sesamia nonagrioides is an important pest of maize in the Mediterranean Basin. Like other moths, this noctuid uses its chemosensory system to efficiently interact with its e...
A substance found in crab shells is the key component in a nanoscale sensor system developed by researchers at the University of Marylands A. James Clark School of Engineering. The sensor can detect minute quantities of explosives, bioagents, chemicals, and other dangerous materials in air and water, potentially leading to security and safety innovations for airports, hospitals, and other public locations. Clark School engineers are using a substance called chitosan (pronounced "kite-o-san"), found in the shells of the Chesapeake Bays famous blue crab, to coat components of the microscopic sensor system. Crab lovers can hold on to their mallets-the crabs do not need to be harvested specifically for this purpose. The material is extracted from the crab shell waste. Reza Ghodssi, associate professor in the Clark Schools Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Institute for Systems Research (ISR), and a member of the Maryland NanoCenter, is one of the investigators leading the ...
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Riboswitches are short sequences of messenger RNA that can change their structural conformation to regulate the expression of adjacent genes. Computational prediction of putative riboswitches can provide direction to molecular biologists studying riboswitch-mediated gene expression.
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...For many years two companies located in Bizkaia Bilbao Chemicals (Bar...Lindane has been routinely used among farmers as an insecticide and pe...Although there is as yet no viable process for safely destroying linda... From the laboratory to the land ...,A,fresh,solution,for,the,lindane,problem,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Introduction. Investigate the effects of weight on the time of fall of a cake case Introduction In this investigation, we wish to study what affects the time of fall. The possibilities are the mass and the height from which the cake cases are dropped. I have decided to change the weight (use it as my independent variable). Some preliminary results will be used to decide which height to drop the cake cases from: Height (cm) Time taken for five cake case to fall 100.0 0.55 120.0 0.48 140.0 0.57 160.0 0.64 180.0 0.72 200.0 0.85 I decided to drop the cake cases from a height of 200.0 cm because it is a height which can be reached safely from the ground to drop the cake cases from, and also it took the longest time (allowing for errors to be noticed more easily). ...read more. Middle. Planned Method I will drop a number of cake cases from a height of 200 cm. Time how long it takes for the cake case to hit the ground (start the clock when it is dropped and stop it when it hits the ground). Repeat the ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
How to order a cake depends on what kind of cake you want and where you want to have it. Click the links below to skip to… Cake FAQ Cake Options By Location Disney ...
It has been shown in previous research that Piper aduncum Linnaeus essential oil has the potential to be developed as an alternative mosquito repellent. When the essential oil was formulated into cream, it was able to provide |2h of protection against Aedes aegypti in the laboratory; thus, it can be commercialized as an alternative to synthetic repellent especially N, N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET). In this study, the irritation and sensitization potential of a cream formulation containing P. aduncum essential oil was investigated to verify its safety for application purposes. The P. aduncum essential oil was formulated into a cream containing 10% of the essential oil for irritation and skin sensitization assays on New Zealand white rabbits and guinea pigs (Hartley strain), respectively, following the ISO10993-10:2010 (E) guidelines. The macroscopic and histological observations from both assays revealed that the cream formulation containing P. aduncum essential oil caused slight irritation on
Two different immunosensors, recently developed for the determination of antibacterial proteins (lactoferrin and immunoglobulin G) in buffalo milk and in other commercial animal milks samples, were used in the present study. The aim was to propose these immunosensor methods for routine control of important diet products, such as cow and goat milks, and in particular buffalo milk. To this end we employed two different kinds of immunosensors: one for the analysis of immunoglobulin G (IgG), the other was a new amperometric immunosensor for lactoferrin analysis. Lactoferrin and IgG immunosensors were also used for the determination of lactoferrin and immunoglobulin G in buffalo milk on different days of lactation.
Thiram is the simplest thiuram disulfide and the oxidized dimer of dimethyldithiocarbamate. It is used as a fungicide, ectoparasiticide to prevent fungal diseases in seed and crops and similarly as a animal repellent to protect fruit trees and ornamentals from damage by rabbits, rodents and deer. It is effective against Stem gall of coriander, damping off, smut of millet, neck rot of onion, etc. Thiram has been used in the treatment of human scabies, as a sun screen and as a bactericide applied directly to the skin or incorporated into soap. Thiram was traditionally used in apple and wine farming. Since 2010 most Thiram is applied to soybeans. Thiram is a type of sulphur fungicide. It has been found to dissolve completely in chloroform, acetone and ether. It is available as dust, flowable, wettable powder, water dispersible granules, and water suspension formulations and in mixtures with other fungicides. Thiram is nearly immobile in clay soils or in soils of high organic matter. It is not ...
Discussion. During the reporting period, a number of vultures were poisoned with organophosphorus or carbamate compounds. On a number of occasions only the crops or the digestive tract were submitted and the specific vulture species involved was not provided, nevertheless, the majority of incidents included African white-backed vultures (Gyps africanus). The indiscriminate use of highly toxic agricultural pesticides by farmers to kill jackals and feral marauding dogs may have a serious ecological impact, as can be seen from the incident in 2013 in which 49 vultures (48 Cape vultures [G. coprotheres] and one African white-backed vulture) were poisoned when a farmer laced sheep carcases with carbofuran to kill jackals preying on new-born lambs (Wildlife Extra.com 2013). This is in contravention of the law as these compounds should be used strictly for the indications for which they are registered (Act 36 of 1947; Government Gazette Regulation No. R.1716 1991). Virani et al. (2011) surmised that ...
[Study on inhibiting effect of 14 insecticides on esterase of Culex tritaeniorhynchus from five geographic populations].: Isoelectrofocusing technique was used
The acaricide, dicofol, is a well-known pesticide and partly a substitute for dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT). Only few reports on environmental occurrence and concentrations have been reported calling for improvements. Hence, an analytical method was further developed for dicofol and dichlorobenzophenone (DCBP) to enable assessments of their environmental occurrence. Concentrated sulfuric acid was used to remove lipids and to separate dicofol from DCBP. On-column injection was used as an alternative to splitless injection to protect dicofol from thermal decomposition. By the method presented herein, it is possible to quantify dicofol and DCBP in the same samples. Arctic cod (Gadus morhua) were spiked at two dose levels and the recoveries were determined. The mean recovery for dicofol was 65% at the low dose (1 ng) and 77% at the high dose (10 ng). The mean recovery for DCBP was 99% at the low dose (9.2 ng) and 146% at the high dose (46 ng). The method may be further improved by use of ...
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On this sunny morning I thought I might take time away from more productive pursuits to answer some of the typically narrow minded and self-serving posts of the physicians who attend THCB in the same way that dogs raise their hind legs at convenient lampposts. The object of my opening disdain is someone by the name of Dr. Eric Novack. Alas, Maggie Mahar demolished his drivel in a more cordial manner. Novacks transparently phony views suggest an analogy to Samuel Johnsons comment about a dog walking on its hind legs. Physicians writing about politics, health care economics or social policy are similar to this canine trick in that it is almost never done well; the wonder is that it is done at all. Other physicians seeking to foist their miscreant views on THCB usually content themselves with illogical or poorly informed letters that disagree with some of my posts. I dont wish to be too caustic in responding to their blatant ignorance. After all, they spent years performing brute rote ...
Cold Pressed Chekku Groundnut Oil is also known as Chekku groundnut oil. Groundnut oil is natural sweet and flavoured edible oil, which is good for health.
Brugmansia suaveolens is a semi-woody shrub or small tree that gets 6-15 ft tall, usually with a many-branched single trunk. The leaves are generally
Lindane topical is in the pregnancy category C. This means that it is not known whether lindane topical will be harmful to an unborn baby. Do not use lindane topical without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant or could become pregnant during treatment. Lindane passes into breast milk, and may be harmful to a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby. Lindane topical may have increased side effects when used by elderly individuals. Talk to your doctor before using lindane topical if you are 65 years of age or older. How should I use lindane topical? Use lindane topical exactly as directed by your doctor, or follow the directions that accompany the package. If you do not understand these directions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you. With incorrect use or overuse, lindane can be dangerous and can permanently damage the central nervous system. If your doctor prescribes lindane to treat ...
Protein instability remains the main factor limiting the development of protein therapeutics. The fragile nature (structurally and chemically) of proteins makes them susceptible to detrimental events during processing, storage, and delivery. To overcome this, proteins are often formulated in the solid-state which combines superior stability properties with reduced operational costs. Nevertheless, solid protein pharmaceuticals can also suffer from instability problems due to moisture sorption. Chemical protein glycosylation has evolved into an important tool to overcome several instability issues associated with proteins. Herein, we employed chemical glycosylation to stabilize a solid-state protein formulation against moisture-induced deterioration in the lyophilized state. First, we investigated the consequences of moisture sorption on the stability and structural conformation of the model enzyme α-chymotrypsin (α-CT) under controlled humidity conditions. Results showed that α-CT aggregates and
The study results suggest a surface-bulk propagation of the amorphicity during milling in combination with a different amorphous structural conformation to that of the amorphous spray dried lactose.
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Click on the image above to open the PDF version of the Rice Cercospora Disease Complex Management presentation.. Photo By: West, Lisa. ...
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She allegedly caused her own death by drinking nearly half a litre of carbofuran. Due to fact that she killed herself, she ...
Methyl isocyanate is an intermediate chemical in the production of carbamate pesticides (such as carbaryl, carbofuran, methomyl ...
carbaryl carbofuran methomyl [13] propoxur [14] acephate [15] azinphos-methyl Scott, Alex (August 4, 2008). "Europe Rejects ...
Included in this group are aldicarb (Temik), carbofuran (Furadan), carbaryl (Sevin), ethienocarb, fenobucarb, oxamyl, and ... the most potent compounds such as aldicarb and carbofuran are still capable of inhibiting mammalian acetylcholinesterase ...
"Soil invertebrate and plant responses to mowing and carbofuran application in a North American tallgrass prairie". Plant and ...
NOAA (2009) [ Registration of Pesticides Containing Carbaryl, Carbofuran, and Methomyl] Biological Opinion, National Marine ...
"Isolation and identification of a new conjugated carbofuran metabolite in carrots: angelic acid ester of 3-hydroxycarbofuran". ...
Atrazine, carbofuran and diazinon were also found to reduce olfactory detection of female priming pheromones by male Atlantic ...
Beta-Keto-Methylbenzodioxolylbutanamine Butylone Carbofuran Ethylone Metaxalone Methylenedioxyethcathinone. ...
Chemical control of Ditylenchus destructor can be achieved with soil-applied nematicides such as carbofuran, ethylene dibromide ...
Some methylotrophs within the genus of Methylobacillus can even use organic compounds such as the pesticide carbofuran and ...
In events where predators such as lions or hyenas have killed livestock, carbofuran poisons have been placed into carcasses as ...
The plots that were planted with Forrest which is the sensitive cultivar and treated with carbofuran had a higher yield than ... The plots in this study by Koenning were treated with aldicarb, carbofuran, and fenamiphos and had less nematodes 40 days post ...
National sales of the classes of insecticide used on rice, including granular carbofuran, synthetic pyrethroids, and malathion ... National sales of the classes of insecticide used on rice, including granular carbofuran, synthetic pyrethroids, and malathion ...
The park gained nationwide notoriety in 2004 when hot dogs laced with carbofuran were left in the park, killing one dog and ...
... the pesticides carbofuran, carbaryl, and metham sodium, and the solvents N-methylformamide and N-methylpyrrolidone. The ...
Due to non-registration of 4 carcinogenic chemicals used on crops, vegetables with residues of methomyl, carbofuran, ...
... carbofuran and aldicarb. Carbamoyl chlorides are prepared by the reaction of an amine with phosgene: 2 R2NH + COCl2 → R2NCOCl ...
Carbofuran Carbon disulfide Carbophenothion Carfentanyl Chlordane Chlorfenvinfos Chlorine Chlorine trifluoride Chlormephos ...
Carbofuran, Methyl Bromide, Dichlorvos, Lambda-cyhalothrin, Methidathion-methyl, Omethoate, Zeta Cypermethrin, Endosulfan ...
Additionally, in the 1990s, biologists found that a container of poisonous carbofuran had floated to shore and burst open above ...
... involving use of the banned substance Carbofuran. Rae (2011) has argued that Seil could be the location of Hinba, an island ...
... carbofuran MeSH D02.241.081.251.583.177 --- chlorpropham MeSH D02.241.081.251.583.555 --- methiocarb MeSH D02.241.081.251. ...
VX VE VG VM Diazinon Malathion Parathion Carbamates Aldicarb Bendiocarb Bufencarb Carbaryl Carbendazim Carbetamide Carbofuran ...
In 2012, while Wildlife Minister he refused a request from other MPs that possession of carbofuran, a deadly poison used to ...
... has role nematicide (CHEBI:25491) carbofuran (CHEBI:34611) is a 1-benzofurans (CHEBI:38830) carbofuran ... carbofuran (CHEBI:34611) has role agrochemical (CHEBI:33286) carbofuran (CHEBI:34611) has role avicide (CHEBI:33289) carbofuran ... carbofuran (CHEBI:34611) has role EC 3.1.1.7 (acetylcholinesterase) inhibitor (CHEBI:38462) carbofuran (CHEBI:34611) has role ... CHEBI:34611 - carbofuran. Main. ChEBI Ontology. Automatic Xrefs. Reactions. Pathways. Models. .gridLayoutCellStructure { min- ...
Design Gallery for designs... in a gallery.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database ...
Carbofuran is a member of the carbamate class of pesticides derived from the basic carbamic acid moiety. The mode of action of ... Carbofuran. Carbofuran is a member of the carbamate class of pesticides derived from the basic carbamic acid moiety. The mode ... Carbofuran is a plant systemic and has a high water solubility, which allows the pesticide to be taken into the roots or leaves ...
The Agency has determined that the risk from aggregate exposure from the use of carbofuran does not meet the safety standard of ... EPA is proposing to revoke all tolerances for carbofuran. ... all carbofuran registrations, based in part on carbofurans ... Carbofuran has a steep dose-response curve. In other words, a marginal increase in administered doses of carbofuran can result ... For example, carbofuran data in juvenile rats (postnatal day 11 and 17) demonstrate that small differences in carbofuran doses ...
Carbofuran is highly toxic to vertebrates with an oral LD50 of 8-14 mg/kg in rats and 19 mg/kg in dogs. Carbofuran is known to ... Carbofuran also has contact activity against pests. Carbofuran usage has increased in recent years because it is one of the few ... Carbofuran is an endocrine disruptor and a probable reproduction/development intoxicant. At low-level exposures carbofuran may ... "Page about Carbofuran in the IUPACs database". IUPAC - International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. IUPAC. "Carbofuran ...
Carbofuran. Find out what is in your tap water ... EWGs Tap Water Database Carbofuran results for Fultonville ... Carbofuran. Fultonville Village Public Water Supply. Carbofuran is a highly toxic insecticide phased out from use in the U.S. ... The health guideline of 0.7 ppb for carbofuran was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment ...
The Agencys risk assessments and other related documents also are available in the carbofuran... ... for the N-methyl carbamate pesticide carbofuran, and opens a public comment period on this document. ... The carbofuran IRED presents the Agencys conclusions on the risks posed by exposure to carbofuran alone; however, section 408( ... The Agencys risk assessments and other related documents also are available in the carbofuran docket. Carbofuran works as a ...
... the agent with the greatest acute systemic toxicity is the broad-spectrum insecticide/nematocide carbofuran. Carbofuran ... Urinary metabolites of carbofuran were detected by CDPR in 18 (58%) of 31 samples obtained up to 11 days following the exposure ... Foliage samples obtained in the first field by CDPR on July 31 showed carbofuran levels up to 0.77 ug/cm2; these levels were ... On July 31 at 4 a.m., a cotton field was sprayed aerially with a solution containing as active ingredients 0.26% carbofuran (n- ...
We describe four fatal cases due to ingestion of carbofuran, a carbamate insecticide. Carbofuran was detected in the gastric ... Blood carbofuran concentrations in suicidal ingestion cases.. [K Ameno, S K Lee, S W In, J Y Yang, Y C Yoo, S Ameno, T Kubota, ... Fatal concentrations of carbofuran in blood ranged from 0.32 to 11.6 microg/ml. ...
... carbofuran explanation free. What is carbofuran? Meaning of carbofuran medical term. What does carbofuran mean? ... Looking for online definition of carbofuran in the Medical Dictionary? ... Carbofuran , definition of carbofuran by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/carbofuran ... carbofuran. Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. A broad-spectrum anticholinergic pesticide/insecticide sprayed by air to ...
Buy Carbofuran - CAS Number 1563-66-2 from LGC Standards. Please login or register to view prices, check availability and place ...
Buy Effect of Carbofuran on the Histology of Liver of Rabbits by Iqbal Nida, Nazir Sumra from Waterstones today! Click and ... Effect of Carbofuran on the Histology of Liver of Rabbits (Paperback). Iqbal Nida (author), Nazir Sumra (author) Sign in to ...
Carbofuran is sold in Kenya in both a liquid form and a more widely available granular form, which farmers sprinkle around ... Carbofuran is a toxic insecticide that does not meet current U.S. food safety standards, and the U.S. Environmental Protection ... Posted in Aldicarb, Bayer, Carbaryl, Carbofuran, Dow Chemical, Environmental Justice, International, Methomyl, West Virginia , ... Carbofuran is a toxic insecticide that does not meet current U.S. food safety standards. EPAs action will eliminate residues ...
Treatment with carbofuran increased phospholipid in catfish livers.Injection of carbofuran and extraction of liver from catfish ... pone-0057919-g001: Treatment with carbofuran increased phospholipid in catfish livers.Injection of carbofuran and extraction of ... pone-0057919-g001: Treatment with carbofuran increased phospholipid in catfish livers.Injection of carbofuran and extraction of ... we observed that treating catfish with carbofuran augmented total phospholipid in the liver.We purified the carbofuran-induced ...
No comments were found for ASTM D7600 - 09e1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Aldicarb, Carbofuran, Oxamyl and ... This method has been investigated for use with reagent and surface water for the selected carbamates: aldicarb, carbofuran, ... ASTM D7600 - 09e1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Aldicarb, Carbofuran, Oxamyl and Methomyl by Liquid Chromatography/ ... 1.1 This procedure covers the determination of aldicarb, carbofuran, oxamyl and methomyl (referred to collectively as ...
Carbofuran to be cancelled, finally. This morning EPA announced a proposal to finally cancel the neurotoxic insecticide ... All products containing carbofuran generally cause unreasonable adverse effects on humans and the environment and do not meet ... EPAs own estimates conclude that up to two million birds were killed each year by carbofuran before it was banned for all but ... The Agency concluded "that dietary, worker, and ecological risks are of concern for all uses of carbofuran. ...
Dissipation of carbofuran and carbaryl on Oolong tea during tea bushes, manufacturing and roasting processes.: Carbofuran (2,3- ... Manufacturing processes of Oolong tea further reduced the carbofuran and carbaryl contents. The persistence of carbofuran and ... Dissipation of carbofuran and carbaryl on Oolong tea during tea bushes, manufacturing and roasting processes.. Authors * Wu, ... From the results, we conclude that the presence of carbofuran and carbaryl in tea can be reduced by proper field management, ...
Of these, only carbofuran is registered in the U.S. Carbofuran is a broad spectrum restricted-use insecticide and nematicide ... Carbofuran. CAS No. 1563-66-2. General Information. Carbofuranphenol is a metabolite of four different carbamate insecticides: ... In soils of varying composition, carbofuran has a half-life ranging from one to three months. It can leach into ground waters, ... Carbofuran was not teratogenic, but high chronic doses in animals produced nonspecific developmental effects, such as reduced ...
... showed that Carbofuran was the most used pesticide for illegal activities. Carbofuran and Wildlife Poisoning: Global ... and she quickly discovered the major contribution of Carbofuran in this decline. In other parts of the world Carbofuran may ... Carbofuran is a systemic carbamate insecticide and is also used as an acaricide and a nematocide.. The acute toxicity of ... Carbofuran has been commercially available since 1967 and although it can be seen as old-fashioned compared with later ...
Carbofuran is considered in the WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality. ... Chemical hazards in drinking-water: Carbofuran. Carbofuran is considered in the WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality (GDWQ ...
Toxicity of carbofuran to soil isolates of Chlorella vulgaris, Nostoc linckia and N. muscorum. Research paper by M. Megharaj, H ... Response of the paddy field cyanobacterium Anabaena doliolum to carbofuran.. Research paper. by O O Hammouda ... C. vulgaris and N. muscorum were more sensitive to carbofuran than was N. linckia. The significant toxicity of the insecticide ... Transmission electron microscopy of the cultures, exposed to 50 μg carbofuran ml−1 showed certain cellular abnormalities, ...
Pesticides: Carbofuran under Review. David Tenenbaum. Commentary. Community-Based Participatory Research: A Vehicle to Promote ...
Carbofuran. 5601pdf icon. ORGANONITROGEN PESTICIDES. Carbon black. 5100pdf icon. CARBON BLACK. ...
Carbofuran. TWA 0.1 mg/m3. Carbon dioxide. TWA 10,000 ppm (18,000 mg/m3). ST 30,000 ppm (54,000 mg/m3). ...
  • Carbofuran is a member of the carbamate class of pesticides derived from the basic carbamic acid moiety. (fsu.edu)
  • Carbofuran is one of the most toxic carbamate pesticides. (wikipedia.org)
  • A bird discovered at Edmunbyers in County Durham had died from poisoning by Carbofuran , one of the most toxic of pesticides, which is banned in the EU. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Of all pesticides currently in use, carbofuran is one of the most highly toxic to birds. (panna.org)
  • Carbofuran has been commercially available since 1967 and although it can be seen as old-fashioned compared with later pesticides, which discriminate between target and non-target organisms, it still has a market in territories where it is not prohibited. (envchemgroup.com)
  • 001). These observed effects of carbofuran on water and food intake may be due to the effect of the pesticides on the hypothalamus likely via effects on the Paraventricular Nucleus (PVN) and Ventromedial Nucleus (VMN). (ispub.com)
  • An example is dimethylcarbamoyl chloride (m.p. −90 °C and b.p. 93 °C). Carbamoyl chlorides are used to prepare a number of pesticides, e.g. carbofuran and aldicarb. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because estimated acute intakes from some dietary components in young children may exceed recommended intake limits, U.S.EPA is in the process of revoking current regulations that allow carbofuran residues in food (U.S.EPA, 2009). (cdc.gov)
  • EPA has revoked regulations that permitted small residues of the pesticide carbofuran in food. (migrantclinician.org)
  • Susceptibility To Carbofuran And Biomonitoring Of Its Residues In Cabbage [drosophila Melanogaster Meigen: 3. (unicamp.br)
  • The susceptibility of Drosophila melanogaster to carbofuran and the use of this organism in biomonitoring residues of the insecticide in cabbage was evaluated. (unicamp.br)
  • Under the conditions of the bioassay, residues-film bioassay in Petri dish, carbofuran degraded depending on the temperature and time of exposure. (unicamp.br)
  • capitata) and the residues of carbofuran were determined by bioassay. (unicamp.br)
  • The validation of the bioassay by high performance liquid chromatography confirms the viability of the bioassay with D. melanogaster in monitoring the residues of carbofuran in cabbage. (unicamp.br)
  • Due to non-registration of 4 carcinogenic chemicals used on crops, vegetables with residues of methomyl, carbofuran, dicrotophos, and EPN were taken off supermarket shelves in July 2012. (wikipedia.org)
  • On July 31 at 4 a.m., a cotton field was sprayed aerially with a solution containing as active ingredients 0.26% carbofuran (n-methyl carbamate), 0.05% abamectin (macrolytic lactone), and 0.05% mepiquat chloride (growth regulator). (cdc.gov)
  • 001) increase in water consumption for rats treated with 0.15, 0.1, and 0.05mg/kg carbofuran compared to control. (ispub.com)
  • Carbofuran usage has increased in recent years because it is one of the few insecticides effective on soybean aphids, which have expanded their range since 2002 to include most soybean-growing regions of the U.S. The main global producer is the FMC Corporation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the National Biomonitoring Program, two carbamate metabolites that are measured relate to two (carbofuran and propoxur) of about nine carbamate insecticides still used in the U.S. (cdc.gov)
  • Stability of accelerated degradation of soil-applied insecticides: laboratory behaviour of aldicarb and carbofuran in relation to their efficacy against cabbage root fly (Delia radicum) in previously treated field soils. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Carbamate nerve agents While the carbamate acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are commonly referred to as "carbamate insecticides" due to their generally high selectivity for insect acetylcholinesterase enzymes over the mammalian versions, the most potent compounds such as aldicarb and carbofuran are still capable of inhibiting mammalian acetylcholinesterase enzymes at low enough concentrations that they pose a significant risk of poisoning to humans, especially when used in large amounts for agricultural applications. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1980). In view of the above findings, the present study has been undertaken to attempt to characterize the effect of carbofuran ® on the eating and drinking behavior of animals, specifically the laboratory rats. (ispub.com)
  • This notice announces the availability of EPA's Interim Reregistration Eligibility Decision (IRED) for the N-methyl carbamate pesticide carbofuran, and opens a public comment period on this document. (federalregister.gov)
  • Carbofuran and Wildlife Poisoning: Global Perspectives and Forensic Approaches describes the legal and illegal uses of the pesticide Carbofuran and its environmental effects in a number of countries throughout the world. (envchemgroup.com)
  • The Agency has determined that the risk from aggregate exposure from the use of carbofuran does not meet the safety standard of section 408(b)(2) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA). (federalregister.gov)
  • In one study, the exposure of rats to sublethal amounts of carbofuran decreased testosterone by 88%, while the levels of progesterone, cortisol, and estradiol were significantly increased (1279%, 202%, and 150%, respectively). (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Most carbofuran is applied by commercial applicators using closed systems with engineered controls so there is no exposure to it in preparation. (wikipedia.org)
  • However in developing countries, occupational exposure to the Carbofuran and resultant carbofuran-serum protein labeling has been reported that impacts human health and well-being. (wikipedia.org)
  • Urinary metabolites of carbofuran were detected by CDPR in 18 (58%) of 31 samples obtained up to 11 days following the exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • General population exposure can occur through consumption of food contaminated with carbofuran. (cdc.gov)
  • Pesticide handlers and applicators are at greater risk for exposure and a number of incidents of systemic poisoning have been reported.After absorption, carbofuran is metabolized to phenolic metabolites and 3-hydroxycarbofuran, which are quickly eliminated in the urine. (cdc.gov)
  • In its written opinion, the court noted EPA's acknowledgment that "exposure to carbofuran in imported foods alone is safe. (corporate-ir.net)
  • Discussion: This study adds to the known adverse health outcomes of exposure to carbofuran, a pesticide canceled in the United States in 2009 for most agricultural purposes but persists in the environment and remains in use in some other countries. (cdc.gov)
  • Our results in a male agricultural population suggests that exposure to carbofuran is positively associated with sleep apnea. (cdc.gov)
  • Of these, only carbofuran is registered in the U.S. Carbofuran is a broad spectrum restricted-use insecticide and nematicide applied to a variety of field, fruit, and vegetable crops for control of beetles, borers, nematodes, weevils and similar pests. (cdc.gov)
  • Cytochrome P450 is a superfamily of membrane-bound hemoprotein that gets involved with the degradation of xenobiotics and internal metabolites.In this present investigation, we observed that treating catfish with carbofuran augmented total phospholipid in the liver.We purified the carbofuran-induced cytochrome P4501A protein from catfish liver. (nih.gov)
  • A microalga, Chlorella vulgaris, and two diazotrophic cyanobacteria, Nostoc linckia and N. muscorum, all isolated from a rice soil, were compared for their response in terms of growth and metabolic activities to the application of carbofuran. (sparrho.com)
  • Comparative effects of effective microorganism activated solution, leaf extracts and carbofuran on the growth and yield of cucumber planted on Meloidogyne incognita infested soil. (edu.ng)
  • Two field experiments were conducted between 2014 and 2016 on the effects of effective microorganism activated solution (EMAS), carbofuran and some plant leaf extracts (Azadirachta indica and Tithonia diversifolia) on the performance of cucumber planted on root-knot nematode (RKN) infested soil. (edu.ng)
  • ROBERTS, S.J. (1997) The effects of soil pH and crop on the degradation of carbofuran and chlorfenvinphos in field microplots. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • LYNN, J.R. (1996) Effects of soil moisture and temperature on the stability of carbofuran in previously-treated and previously-untreated soils. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Signs and symptoms of cholinesterase poisoning occur within minutes as Carbofuran acts directly on the enzyme without metabolic activation. (envchemgroup.com)
  • Carbofuran is a plant systemic and has a high water solubility, which allows the pesticide to be taken into the roots or leaves. (fsu.edu)
  • 2002). Carbofuran (2, 3-dihydro-2, 2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranylmethylcarbamate), is a systemic N-methyl carbamate pesticide with predominantly contact (dermal-absorption through the intact skin) and stomach action (vomiting, nausea, abdominal cramp, diarrhea) (Kaliwal et al. (ispub.com)
  • Variations in species sensitivity probably reflect species differences in metabolic deactivation of Carbofuran to its less potent metabolic products. (envchemgroup.com)
  • In a two (2) year study, Charles River mice were fed dietary carbofuran concentration equivalent to 0, 2, 8, 18, 70mg/kg of body weight per day. (ispub.com)
  • All products containing carbofuran generally cause unreasonable adverse effects on humans and the environment and do not meet safety standards, and therefore are ineligible for reregistration. (panna.org)
  • Carbofuran ® is a white crystalline solid with a slightly phenolic odour. (ispub.com)
  • The broad effect range of Carbofuran has led to its worldwide use including control on sugar cane, sugar beet, maize, coffee and rice crops. (envchemgroup.com)
  • The greatest use of carbofuran ® is on the following plants: Alfalfa, rice, with turf and grapes making up most of the remainder. (ispub.com)
  • In soils of varying composition, carbofuran has a half-life ranging from one to three months. (cdc.gov)
  • Carbofuran-degrading bacteria from previously treated field soils. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Upon treatment with carbofuran, the amount of total phospholipid increased significantly in the liver compared to vehicle-treated fish (Fig. 1). (nih.gov)
  • Carbofuran is a plant protection product which can be used against certain insects, mites, ticks and nematodes. (medicalxpress.com)