A cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as a systemic insecticide, an acaricide, and nematocide. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
Derivatives of carbamic acid, H2NC(=O)OH. Included under this heading are N-substituted and O-substituted carbamic acids. In general carbamate esters are referred to as urethanes, and polymers that include repeating units of carbamate are referred to as POLYURETHANES. Note however that polyurethanes are derived from the polymerization of ISOCYANATES and the singular term URETHANE refers to the ethyl ester of carbamic acid.
Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.
A technique of measuring the dielectric properties of materials, which vary over a range of frequencies depending on the physical properties of the material. The technique involves measuring, over a range of frequencies, ELECTRICAL IMPEDANCE and phase shift of an electric field as it passes through the material.
Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.
The utilization of an electrical current to measure, analyze, or alter chemicals or chemical reactions in solution, cells, or tissues.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
A plant genus of the family Cruciferae. It contains many species and cultivars used as food including cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale, collard greens, MUSTARD PLANT; (B. alba, B. junica, and B. nigra), turnips (BRASSICA NAPUS) and rapeseed (BRASSICA RAPA).
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in SOIL and WATER. Its organisms are also found in raw meats, MILK and other FOOD, hospital environments, and human clinical specimens. Some species are pathogenic in humans.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Any member of the class of enzymes that catalyze the cleavage of the substrate and the addition of water to the resulting molecules, e.g., ESTERASES, glycosidases (GLYCOSIDE HYDROLASES), lipases, NUCLEOTIDASES, peptidases (PEPTIDE HYDROLASES), and phosphatases (PHOSPHORIC MONOESTER HYDROLASES). EC 3.
A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.
Any of a variety of procedures which use biomolecular probes to measure the presence or concentration of biological molecules, biological structures, microorganisms, etc., by translating a biochemical interaction at the probe surface into a quantifiable physical signal.
Electric conductors through which electric currents enter or leave a medium, whether it be an electrolytic solution, solid, molten mass, gas, or vacuum.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Chemicals used in agriculture. These include pesticides, fumigants, fertilizers, plant hormones, steroids, antibiotics, mycotoxins, etc.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
The study of the physical and chemical properties of a drug and its dosage form as related to the onset, duration, and intensity of its action.
Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.
Structured vocabularies describing concepts from the fields of biology and relationships between concepts.
Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.
A plant species of the family CUCURBITACEAE, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae known for the melon fruits with reticulated (net) surface including cantaloupes, honeydew, casaba, and Persian melons.
A carbamate insecticide with anticholinesterase activity.
Insecticide, molluscacide, acaricide.
Carbamate derivative used as an insecticide, acaricide, and nematocide.
A plant genus of the family ASCLEPIADACEAE. The downy akund floss fiber from the seeds is used like kapok.
A polychlorinated compound used for controlling a variety of insects. It is practically water-insoluble, but readily adheres to clay particles and persists in soil and water for several years. Its mode of action involves repetitive nerve-discharges positively correlated to increase in temperature. This compound is extremely toxic to most fish. (From Comp Biochem Physiol (C) 1993 Jul;105(3):347-61)
A frozen dairy food made from cream or butterfat, milk, sugar, and flavorings. Frozen custard and French-type ice creams also contain eggs.
A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).

Farm worker illness following exposure to carbofuran and other pesticides--Fresno County California, 1998. (1/31)

In California, suspected pesticide-related illnesses and suspected work-related illnesses and injuries are reportable conditions. On July 31, 1998, the Occupational Health Branch of the California Department of Health Services (CDHS) received a report from the California Department of Pesticide Regulation (CDPR) of a pesticide exposure incident in Fresno County involving 34 farm workers. CDHS investigated this incident by reviewing medical records of the 34 workers and interviewing 29. The findings indicated that the workers became ill after early reentry into a cotton field that had been sprayed with a cholinesterase-inhibiting carbamate pesticides  (+info)

Proposal for a method for testing resistance of clothing and gloves to penetration by pesticides. (2/31)

The paper presents the proposal for a method for testing the resistance of materials used for the production of protective clothing and gloves to penetration by concentrated chemical preparations of pesticides. It has been based to a large extent on the recommendations of European standards, with certain modifications resulting from the specific properties of non-volatile and non-water-soluble biologically-active components of pesticides. These modifications primarily involved the use of a solid sorption medium and adjustment of research apparatus to the research conditions consistent with the proposed method. The results of preliminary studies on penetration of the selected biologically-active components of pesticides (dichlorvos, 2,4-D, cypermethrin, carbofuran) through the selected protective materials (fabric coated with viton and butyl on both sides, rubberised fabric, butyl rubber) are presented. The study confirmed the usefulness of the proposed method for testing the resistance of materials protecting against the effect of pesticides.  (+info)

Investigation of deaths in an area of groundnut plantations in Casamance, South of Senegal after exposure to Carbofuran, Thiram and Benomyl. (3/31)

Between May and October 2000, the Regional Health Office of Kolda Region in the south of Senegal, West Africa, reported an epidemic of an unknown illness characterized by thoracic pain, dyspnea and edemas of limb and face. The epidemic covered a radius of approximately 40 km (24 miles) between the districts of Kolda and Sedhiou in Kolda Region. Cases were mostly men whose age ranged between 12 and 60 years old. Investigation revealed that they had been exposed to pesticides distributed by the government to groundnut farmers. The signs and symptoms suggested intoxication with carbamates, carbofurans, and possibly thiram, contained in the pesticides distributed with the groundnut seeds. Government distribution created an excessive use of pesticides in the farms, and consequently an overexposure of the subjects who handled the seeders, especially young males but also a small proportion of women who worked in the groundnut fields. Many of these subjects, not accustomed to handle pesticides, came to overestimate the quantity of product to fill the seeder. It should be noted that the policy of distribution of pesticides in Senegal, which presents risk of poisoning, was not systematically accompanied by sufficient information on the danger of the products and of certain precautions that should be taken during their use.  (+info)

Reproductive toxicity of carbofuran to the female mice: effects on estrous cycle and follicles. (4/31)

Carbofuran, a systemic N-methyl carbamate pesticide was orally administered with the doses of 0.4, 0.7, 1 and 1.3 mg/kg body weight/day to normal virgin female Swiss albino mice for 30 days. The vaginal smear and body weight of mice were recorded daily and mice were sacrificed on the 31st day. Estrous cycle was effected by showing a significant decrease in the number of estrous cycle and the duration of each phases of estrous cycle with concomitant significant increase in the diestrus phase in 1 and 1.3 mg/kg/d carbofuran treatment when compared with that of control mice. There was a significant decrease in the number of healthy follicles and a significant increase in the number of atretic follicles in 1 and 1.3 mg/kg/d treated groups when compared with the control. The histologic observations of the ovary revealed the presence of less number of healthy follicles and more number of atretic follicles in high dose of carbofuran treated mice. There was a dose dependent decrease in the body weight. The ovary weight was also decreased significantly in 1.3 mg/kg/d carbofuran treatment. There were no significant change in the weight of the organs such as uterus, kidney, adrenal, liver, spleen, thymus and thyroid. These observed effects of carbofuran on the estrous cycle and follicles may be due to a direct effect on the ovary or the hypothalamo-hypophysial ovarian axis causing hormonal imbalance.  (+info)

Development of a simultaneous analysis method for carbofuran and its three derivative pesticides in water by GC/MS with temperature programmable inlet on-column injection. (5/31)

A simultaneous analytical method was examined for carbofuran and its derivative pesticides in water. Since carbofuran derivatives are hydrolyzed to carbofuran in water, the liquid-liquid extraction method was used to obtain an accurate concentration value. Moreover, since these compounds are easily decomposed at the GC/MS injection port, temperature programmable inlet on-column injection was used. By combining the two methods, a sensitive analytical method was established without hydrolysis and thermal decomposition. As a result of recovery experiments using distilled water, river water and tap water, acceptable recovery rates and favorable reproducibility were obtained. This method was used in a field investigation to determine carbofuran and its derivative pesticides in river water taken from three points of the Y river over a period of one year. Carbofuran, benfuracarb, and carbosulfan were detected and corresponded to the period when these pesticides were used in the area. Although benfuracarb and carbosulfan using traditional methods are believed to easily hydrolyze and thermally decompose during the analytical process, by using our method they can be detected.  (+info)

Carbofuran-induced acute pancreatitis. (6/31)

CONTEXT: Carbamate insecticides are widely used in commercial agriculture and home gardening. A serious side effect of organophosphate and carbamate intoxication is the development of acute pancreatitis. CASE REPORT: A 36-year-old Caucasian woman was admitted to our hospital with cholinergic crisis and pancreatitis soon after the ingestion of a carbamate insecticide (carbofuran). An abdominal CT scan disclosed pancreatic necrosis with intrapancreatic fluid collection, consistent with the development of a pancreatic pseudocyst in a subsequent CT scan. No predisposing factor for pancreatitis was evident. Pseudocholinesterase levels returned to normal 7 days later and the patient was discharged in good physical condition one month after admission. DISCUSSION: Although acute pancreatitis is not infrequent after organophosphate intoxication, it is quite rare after carbamate ingestion and has not been previously reported after carbofuran intoxication.  (+info)

N-nitrosocarbofuran induces apoptosis in mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells (bEnd.3). (7/31)

In this study, we investigated whether carbofuran, a commonly used carbamate pesticide, and N-nitrosocarbofuran (NOCF), the N-nitroso metabolite of carbofuran, have cytotoxicity in mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells (bEnd.3). Results from the MTT assay in bEnd.3 cells showed that NOCF but not carbofuran caused a remarkable decrease in cell viability. The cell death induced by NOCF appeared to involve apoptosis, based on our results from annexin V staining and electron microscopy. To investigate the mechanism of the NOCF-induced cell death, we examined the effects of selective inhibitors for MAP kinase pathways, PD98059 (for MEK/ERK), SB202190 (for p38 MAP kinase), and SP600125 (for JNK), on the NOCF-induced cell death. The NOCF-induced cell death was significantly reduced by PD98059, but not by SB202190 or SP600125. NOCF increased ERK phosphorylation as early as 15 min after the treatment and this increase was maintained for 2 h. In summary, our results suggest that NOCF can induce apoptotic cell death, at least in part, through the ERK pathway in brain microvascular endothelial cells.  (+info)

Carbofuran induces apoptosis of rat cortical neurons and down-regulates surface alpha7 subunit of acetylcholine receptors. (8/31)

Carbofuran (CF), an anticholinesterase carbamate, is one of the most widely used N-methylcarbamate esters in insect and nematode control. Despite its serious adverse health effects on wildlife and humans, cellular and molecular studies of the damage of CF to CNS neurons are very limited. We have examined the cytotoxic effects of CF on cultured rat cortical cells, and the expression of the alpha7 subunit of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (alpha7 nAChR) in hippocampal neurons. CF was cytotoxic with an IC50 approximately 730 and approximately 640 microm when assessed by the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay and propidium iodide (PI) staining, respectively, 3 days after treatment. CF induced DNA fragmentation and exposure of phosphatidyl serine (PS) on the cell surface. Surface labeling of the alpha7 nAChR with Alexa Fluor 488-conjugated alpha-bungarotoxin (alphaBgt) revealed a significant decrease in the density of the subunits in treated (500 microm CF) hippocampal neurons. Our data indicate that CF induces neuronal death by apoptosis and down-regulates nAChRs.  (+info)

CD1 Mouse Brain Microvascular Endothelial Cells from Creative Bioarray are isolated from brain tissue tissue of pathogen-free laboratory mice. CD1 Mouse Brain Microvascular Endothelial Cells are grown in T25 tissue culture flasks pre-coated with gelatin-based coating solution for 2 min and incubated in Creative Bioarray Culture Complete Growth Medium generally for 3-7 days. Cultures are then expanded. Prior to shipping, cells are detached from flasks and immediately cryo-preserved in vials. Each vial contains at least 1x10^6 cells per ml and are delivered frozen. The method we use to isolate endothelial cells was developed based on a combination of established and our proprietary methods. These cells are pre-coated with PECAM-1 antibody, following the application of magnetic pre-coated with secondary antibody ...
Looking for green gram? Find out information about green gram. an E Asian bean plant, Phaseolus aureus, grown for forage and as the source of bean sprouts used in oriental cookery , a species of annual herbaceous plants... Explanation of green gram
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) is expressed in the vascular endothelium of human brain tumors. To investigate the biological consequences of a possible autocrine modality of microvascular endothelial cell activation by endogenous bFGF in these tumors, mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells were stably transfected with a retroviral expression vector harboring a human bFGF cDNA. When grown on tissue culture plastic, bFGF-transfected clones show a transformed morphology and increased saturation density. bFGF-transfectants have an invasive behavior when seeded on three-dimensional fibrin gel and originate endothelial cell sprouts when embedded within fibrin. Also, bFGF-transfected cells undergo morphogenetic organization and produce a complex network of branching cord-like structures connecting foci of infiltrating cells when seeded on Matrigel, a laminin-rich extracellular matrix material. In contrast, parental and mock-transfected cells do not invade fibrin gels nor organize on ...
production by the enzyme.. In other cells, GTPCH-1 has been shown to be mediated by transcriptional mechanisms, posttranslationally by phosphorylation, and by the GTPCH-interacting protein GFRP, which modulates the activity of the enzyme. Cytokines lead to a marked upregulation of GTPCH-1 protein levels in several cells types.18,25-27 Hydrogen peroxide has also been shown to stimulate GTPCH-1 mRNA levels in mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells and in bovine endothelial cells.28 Unlike the cytokines and hydrogen peroxide, we found that laminar shear had no effect on GTPCH-1 protein expression but increased its activity by 30-fold. Of interest, the activity of PTPS and SR were unchanged by shear stress. Our data therefore indicate that the activity of GTPCH-1 is the regulating factor for H4B levels with shear stress. If one compares the relative activities of GTPCH-1, PTPS, and SR at baseline, it is obvious that PTPS activity is ≈10-fold higher than GTPCH-1, whereas SR activity is almost ...
Beyond Pesticides, November 19, 2009) A three-year old child in Kenya died after eating the highly toxic pesticide carbofuran, according to a report attributed to the boys father, Nahashon Kigai. He said in an interview that, while he knew Furadan was toxic for pests, he had no idea it was so harmful to humans. Mr. Kigai said he had purchased Furadan a few months ago in preparation for planting vegetables at his small farm. Carbofuran is sold in Kenya in both a liquid form and a more widely available granular form, which farmers sprinkle around their seeds when planting crops.. I am sure he ate it, because he had [the pesticide] in his hand and in his mouth, Mr. Kigai said.. Mr. Kigai had put the Furadan into a small container, which his son later found. Soon after Kimutai apparently ate the Furadan, the boy began to show signs of paralysis and later became unconscious.. Carbofuran is a toxic insecticide that does not meet current U.S. food safety standards, and the U.S. Environmental ...
definition of GGTI, what does GGTI mean?, meaning of GGTI, Green Gram Trypsin Inhibitor, GGTI stands for Green Gram Trypsin Inhibitor
The aim of this study was to develop a suitability model for Green gram production in Kitui County using GIS-based multi-criteria evaluation. Soil and topography were cho..
Important values in 100 grams of GREEN GRAM - dhal like energy, moisture, protein, fat, carbohydrates, fibre, calcium, Iron and Phosphorus.
Get this from a library! Biopesticides and bioagents : novel tools for pest management. [Md Arshad Anwer;] -- Insects, diseases, and weeds cause an almost 30% yield loss per annum in agricultural production, resulting in an increased consumption of pesticides by 20% per annum throughout the world. This ...
In the CLP regulation acute toxicity means those adverse effects occurring following oral or dermal administration of a single dose of a substance or a mixture, or multiple doses given within 24 hours, or an inhalation exposure of 4 hours. The substance does not meet the criteria for classification under the CLP regulations for acute toxicity via the oral route based on the result of an acute oral toxicity study, which gave a LD50 of 3450 mg/kg bodyweight, which is above the classification cut-off value ( ≤ 2000 mg/kg bodyweight) for acute oral toxicity. The substance does not meet the criteria for classification under the CLP regulations for acute toxicity via the dermal route based on the result of a dermal toxicity study, which gave a LD50 of 2650 mg/kg bodyweight, which is above the classification cut-off value ( ≤ 2000 mg/kg bodyweight) for acute dermal toxicity. ...
There are no studies available performed according to current guidelines. Oral: In rats dosed with 10 to 30 mL/kg (ca. 10500 - 31500 mg/kg) no deaths occurred at any dose level throughout the study (post-observation period: 21 d) (Finkelstein & Gold, 1959; Gold et al., 1959). Therefore, an oral LD50 value of , 31500 mg/kg can be assumed. Dermal: There are no studies available. However, for this route there is a very low potential for toxicity due to a very high oral LD50 and also it is unlikely that ATBC is absorbed efficiently through the skin. In addition data from a skin irritation study, which likewise could be used as acute dermal toxicity study (ATBC was applied to rabbits over 4 days at a dosage of 1 mL/kg bw/d; ca. 1000 mg/kg), no signs of toxicity were noted. Therefore it can be concluded that ATBC has a very low potential concerning dermal toxicity. Inhalation: There are no studies available. ATBC is predicted to present a very low potential for toxicity via inhalation due to the low ...
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) stated that chromium in the form of Cr(VI) has been deemed to be a class-A human carcinogen. It has been a major contaminant associated with wastewater. Moreover, the existence of heavy metals in aquatic systems is a critical concern for the environment as well as industries that manufacture or consume these particular elements. In order to remove these particular toxic metals, several well-known conventional methods including ion-exchange, filtration and adsorption are used. Amongst these methods, adsorption offers significant advantages such as the low-cost materials, ease of operation and efficiency in comparison to the other conventional methods.. The aim of this work was to develop nanomaterials (particles and fibers) to address some critical issues for the treatment of heavy metals, especially chromium in aqueous systems. Furthermore, the use of nanomaterials and how they relate to nanoscale operations at the biological level has ...
A meta description is an HTML tag in the HTML code of your website, which allows you to customize a section of text that describes the page itself. It plays a role in how your page is seen by search engine crawlers, and how it appears in SERPs
With recent advances in the field of genome sequencing, analysis and availability of large genomic data in the public domain, we made an attempt to survey the presence of the conserved domains, super families and multi domains having putative functions identified from green gram Genomic Survey Sequences using computational tools.
...................................................................................................... xxii CHAPTER ONE ....................................................................................................
n-Butyl propionate was of low acute oral toxicity in rats, and low acute dermal toxicity in rabbits. It has been shown to be a skin irritant in rabbits. Attempts to sensitize a small number of human volunteers to dilute solutions of n-butyl propionate were unsuccessful.. Date of Publication: 1990. Number of Pages: 3. CAS Number*: 590-01-2. Format: PDF available for immediate download. Toxicity Profiles A-Z. 1-8 A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V X Z. ...
Tolualdehyde was a skin irritant in rabbits. No evidence of skin sensitization was found in volunteers treated with dilute solutions but sensitization reactions were apparently induced in guinea-pigs. In rats, the acute oral and dermal toxicity were low and pituitary gland weight was reduced following repeated oral administration. There was no evidence of mutagenicity in Ames bacterial tests.. Date of Publication: 1990. Number of Pages: 3. CAS Number*: 1334-78-7. 620-23-5. 529-20-4. 104-87-0. Format: PDF available for immediate download. Toxicity Profiles A-Z. 1-8 A B C D E F G H I K L M N O P Q R S T U V X Z. ...
Worker The primary route of industrial exposure to 1,1-(1,1,2,2-tetramethylethylene)dibenzene is by skin contact and inhalation. In an industrial setting, ingestion is not an expected route of exposure. DNEL derivation for the test item is performed under consideration of the recommendations of ECHA. In view of the data used for evaluation, the quality of whole database factors and dose-response factors are considered to amount each to a value of 1, and are thus not shown in the calculations presented below. Acute, systemic DNEL Short-term DNELs are not required as the acute toxicity of the test item is low. The test substance is not classified and labelled for acute systemic toxicity, according to Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 (CLP), based on the test data for acute oral and dermal toxicity. Inhalation toxicity is also regarded as low due to the physico-chemical properties of the test substance (vp= 2.65E-02 Pa at 25 °C; 99.9 % of the particles are above 45 µm). Acute/long-term, local Skin ...
Overcome: pull the plant from the pot and wash the roots in running water. Cut and remove all the root fibers are damaged and rotten. Furthermore roots soaked in a solution of insecticide or nematisida (for example, or nematisida Dazomet 98% with the recommended dose) until all the roots and base of the stem submerged for half an hour. Next lift the plants and wind-aired in the shade for 1-2 weeks. Having healthy plants should be planted in the planting of new media sterile. Use clean planting media and organic materials that have been cooked properly. If need be added nematisida like Furadan 3G granules mixed in the planting medium ...
Poisoning of animals by both allowed and prohibited substances like Furadan has increased dramatically throughout Europe. Its not just homeless, abandoned - stray animals that are poisoned, owned...
Environmental fate: Animals:Cleavage of N-methylcarbamate group with conjugation of resulting 3-dimethylamino-methyleneaminophenol, also cleavage at amino nitrogen to give 3-formamidophenol-N-methylcarbamate, followed by loss of N-methylcarbamate to producSoil:Degradation by hydrolysis occurs rapidly in soil, DT50 1-9 d (aerobic and anaerobic) under both laboratory and field conditions. Photolytic degradation on soil surface DT50 16.3 h, involving cleavage oPlant:Hydrolytic mechanisms provide the main route of metabolism to give a metabolite spectrum similar to that found in animals, water and soil ...
This book presents a novel method for clustering of protein substructures that we developed in order to study the relationships between protein sequences and their structure. We show some properties of this method and the experimental results obtained by analyzing real data from PDB (Protein Data Bank). Furthermore, we present the results of the comparison of our method and the most commonly used methods for clustering of protein structures. The main advantage of our method is its high efficiency and scalability, which are key factors for analyzing large data sets. Finally, we propose a procedure for finding sequence profiles that tend to occur in more than one structural conformation but the number of their structural conformations is limited. This procedure is based on our method for protein substructure clustering ...
Eat sprouted green gram everyday in the morning and within 4 weeks you will see that your hairfall has reduced and immune system is improved alognwith several other health benefits.
WARNING: PLEASE NOTE THAT GOOGLE ADS ARE KEYWORD DRIVEN, SO WE DO NOT CONTROL THE ADS AND WE DO NOT VOUCH FOR ANY ADVERTISED PRODUCTS OR SERVICE (in fact, BUYER BEWARE ...
Programmed-Temperature On-Column Inlet System(POC) Injector with Manual Flow Controller and Head Pressure Gauge with Flow Readout on Screen, 120V
An autonomous monitoring system for monitoring for bioagents. A collector gathers the air, water, soil, or substance being monitored. A sample preparation means for preparing a sample is operatively connected to the collector. A detector for detecting the bioagents in the sample is operatively connected to the sample preparation means. One embodiment of the present invention includes confirmation means for confirming the bioagents in the sample.
The purpose of this study was to determine important genes, functions, and networks contributing to the pathobiology of cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) from transcriptomic analyses across 3 species and 2 disease genotypes. Sequencing of RNA from laser microdissected neurovascular units of 5 human surgically resected CCM lesions, mouse brain microvascular endothelial cells, Caenorhabditis elegans with induced Ccm gene loss, and their respective controls provided differentially expressed genes (DEGs). DEGs from mouse and C. elegans were annotated into human homologous genes. Cross-comparisons of DEGs between species and genotypes, as well as network and gene ontology (GO) enrichment analyses, were performed. Among hundreds of DEGs identified in each model, common genes and 1 GO term (GO:0051656, establishment of organelle localization) were commonly identified across the different species and genotypes. In addition, 24 GO functions were present in 4 of 5 models and were related to ...
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Hyptis suaveolens in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed on 07-Oct-06 ...
What is the chromosome number of moong? c Linkage disequilibrium (r 2 ) plot of mungbean. By Amit singh Posted at. Root: Tap root system, the root contain nodule having the N 2-fixing bacteria Rhizobium spp. The Genome organization: Mungbean is diploid in nature with 2n=2x=22 chromosome number. The new linkage map of mungbean was compared with a published linkage map of Azuki bean (V. angularis, 2n=2x=22, n=11) on the basis of 32 common SSR markers. The mung is called Green Gram. Mungbean (Vigna radiate L. Wilczek) or green gram is an important legume crop. 24. Habit: cultivated annual herb. The mung bean (Vigna radiata), alternatively known as the green gram, maash (Persian: ٠اش â ), or moong (from Sanskrit: मॠदॠठ, romanized: mudga), is a plant species in the legume family. It is a self-pollinated crop having 2n = 2x = 22 chromosomes with a genome size of 579 Mb/1C. It is used as an ingredient in both savoury and sweet dishes. Green Gramm Nutrition . Mung bean and ...
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Parvin Samadi Pakchin, Marziyeh Fathi, Hossein Ghanbari, Reza Saber, Yadollah OmidiAbstractIn the current study, we report on the design and development of a novel electrochemical immunosensor for the detection of cancer antigen 125 (CA125) oncomarker. Polyamidoamine/gold nanoparticles (PAMAM/AuNPs) w...
The susceptibility of Drosophila melanogaster to carbofuran and the use of this organism in biomonitoring residues of the insecticide in cabbage was evaluated. Under the conditions of the bioassay, residues-film bioassay in Petri dish, carbofuran degraded depending on the temperature and time of exposure. Bioassays conducted with D. melanogaster showed that its toxicity increases with temperature (20 to 35 °C). LC50 values, calculated as a function of temperature, ranged from 3.6 to 10.5 mg/g body weight (bw) for males and from 2.9 to 8.7 mg/g bw for females. The formulated product Furadan® G was applied on cabbage (Brassica oleracea, var. capitata) and the residues of carbofuran were determined by bioassay. The determination limit of the bioassay was 0.1 mg/kg and the method presented reproducibility with coefficient variation of 17 %. The validation of the bioassay by high performance liquid chromatography confirms the viability of the bioassay with D. melanogaster in monitoring the residues ...
Page contains details about copper sulfide-coated gold nanocrystals . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
Page contains details about gold nanocrystals loaded on glutathione functionalized titania . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
In this study, a sandwich-type electrochemical (EC) immunosensor was proposed to detect a carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) based on Au-graphene and [email protected] blue (MB). The Au nanoparticles (NPs)-vertical graphene (VG) electrode efficiently amplifies the response signal by immobilizing a large amount of the c
In an acute dermal toxicity study (Limit test according to OECD 402), a group of 5 male and 5 female Wistar Crl: WI(Han) rats (source: Charles River, age: 9 weeks (m) and 13 weeks (f), weight: 231 to 247g (m) and 217 to 229 g (f)), were given a single dermal dose of undiluted Ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (purity: 99.88%) at a dose of 2000 mg/kg bw. Animals were then observed for 14 days. Dermal LD50Males/Females = , 2000 mg/kg bw Ethyleneglycol dimethacrylate is practically nontoxic in rats based on the dermal LD50in rats. The substance has no toxicity category according to Annex VI to Commission Directive 2001/59/EC, REGULATION (EC) No 1272/2008 and according to OECD GHS criteria. There were no treatment related signs of mortality or signs of toxicity but signs of irritation. All signs of irritation were reversible within the observation period. This acute dermal limit test study is classified as acceptable. It does satisfy the requirements for an acute dermal study in the rats according to ...
This application note demonstrates the MET-Biodiesel capillary column as a suitable choice for analysts who work on triglyceride and/or wax separations in which high column temperatures and optimal results are required. The columns inertness, high thermal stability, and low bleed ensure good peak shape and resolution for the analytes that were evaluated.
Barna Chemicals International Limited are leading Manufacturer & Supplier of Carbofuran Cg Insecticide in Vadodara Gujarat India, Carbofuran Cg Insecticide Manufacturer in Vadodara , Wholesale Carbofuran Cg Insecticide Supplier, Carbofuran Cg Insecticide Wholesaler Trader
Today on THCB Spotlights, Matthew chats with a couple of the OGs from the original days of Health 2.0-Scott Shreeve, founder and CEO of Crossover Health, and Jay Parkinson, founder of Sherpaa, who were the first ones doing something different in terms of doctors figuring out this digital health stuff. The two of them ask the question, what would happen if you married the physical world with the online world and created a new care model that exceeds at both? While Scott was putting in onsite primary care clinics to employers like Apple and Facebook, he realized Crossover wasnt reaching 70% of the people they were contracted with because many employees were geographically remote. Meanwhile, Jay was doing something similar with virtual primary care-which differs from traditional telehealth in that his model enables a true relationship between patient and provider-and the rest is history.. ...
Studies reveal that it acts as a natural medicine to control diabetes and high blood pressure.But it is not readily available in the market as other leaves and vegetables are available. Normally it is cooked with green gram dhal to be consumed the same day. But if it is made as a dry powder we can consume it on a daily basis / or as and when we feel like. ...
I decided to sprout black chick peas also known as kala channa I followed Kirans method, soaked overnight then left them lightly covered in a damp cheese cloth over a sieve for 2-3 days. Once they have finished sprouting keep them in the fridge. I made a simple salad with these but I have seen some tasty stir fry recipes on Indian food blogs. Heres a great recipe for chick pea and sprouted green gram sundal ...
ST. LOUIS - An Illinois federal court on March 22 denied a motion to dismiss filed by the owners of a commercial rental that allegedly contained mold, finding that a man who worked in the building and alleges that he was made ill by exposures to harmful...
Op-eds. Crossposts. Columns. Great ideas for improving the health care system. Pitches for healthcare-focused startups and business.Write-ups of original research. Reviews of new health care products and startups. Data driven analysis of health care trends. Policy proposals. E-mail us a copy of your piece in the body of your email or as a Google Doc.. ...
A Nature study shows that the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein can adopt at least 10 sequential structural conformations when in contact with the ACE2 receptor.
Essential oils are natural substances which can be used as natural conservators for foods. The present work aimed to evaluate biological properties of essential oil of Hyptis suaveolens and its effect on shelf-life of beef. The extraction was carried out by hydro-distillation. Antioxidant activity was determined by method of DPPH and FRAP. Antimicrobial activity was determined by the microdilution and agar diffusion methods. The sensitivity of eleven pathogen microbial strains was tested. The conservation test of ground meat using essential oil was carried out by monitoring the evolution of the microbial groups. Result showed that extraction yield of essential oil was 0.21% (m/v). The DPPH assay gave IC50 of 16.367 ± 0.0739 µL and was confirmed by the FRAP assay. The essential oil from H. suaveolens showed inhibitory activity on microbial strains. Biopreservation assay revealed a significant decrease of microbial charge during conservation time. Thus essential oil was successful in vitro
Objective: To assess Chilo partellus Swinhoe (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) and Sesamia calamistis Hampson(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) ovipositionalresponses on Bt (Event 216, containing the Cry1Ab gene) andisogenic non-Bt (CML 216) maize plants. Methodology and results: Stem borer moths were allowed to oviposit on maize plants in oviposition cagesunder both choice (cages containing both Bt and non-Bt plants) and non-choice conditions (cagescontaining either only Bt or non-Bt plants). There were no significant differences in the mean numbers of egg batches per plant, eggs per batch, eggs laid per plant and egg hatchability between Bt and non-Bt plants in both choice and non-choice tests. Conclusion and application of findings: Event 216 did not deter oviposition by Chilo partellus and Sesamia calamistis. This factor should be taken into consideration when designing suitable refuge arrangements for managing resistance. Although most of the larvae exposed to the Bt plants would be killed, thus ...
The ability to stop the self-assembly of gold nanocrystals at a desired stage of the process provides new leverage to understand and control the dynamics of self-assembly. Herein, competitive ligands are used to unfavor the interaction of the cross-linker with the gold surface and terminate the growth reacti
HPLC Application #18282: Carbamate Pesticides on Kinetex 2.6µm C18 50 x 4.6mm ID. Column used: Kinetex® 2.6 µm C18 100 Å, LC Column 50 x 4.6 mm, Ea Part#: 00B-4462-E0
Looking for online definition of carbofuran in the Medical Dictionary? carbofuran explanation free. What is carbofuran? Meaning of carbofuran medical term. What does carbofuran mean?
Progress in breeding for resistance to maize stem borers Sesamia calamistis and Eldana sacharina in West and Central Africa by Ajala, S.O , Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (CIMMYT) Kenya , 7. Proceedings of the Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Maize Conference Nairobi (Kenya) 5-11 Feb 2002 , Cardwell, K [coaut.] , Friesen, D.K.,Palmer, A.F.E , Kling, J.G [coaut.] , Odiyi, A [coaut.] , Schulthess, F [coaut.].. Material type: ...
Exposure to toxic chemicals in the home is a growing concern. This report presents an overview of the recruitment, methods for data collection, instruments used to collect data, and participant demographics for a study examining behaviors that influence exposure to environmental toxins in the home environment, also known as SUPERB (Study of Use of Products and Exposure Related Behaviors). The methods involved three different platforms: telephone interviews, internet-based surveys, and home-based monitoring. The purposes of SUPERB were: first, to compare data collection platforms with regard to feasibility, acceptability and reliability; and second, to provide longitudinal population-based data characterizing seasonal and long-term changes in exposure-related behaviors including food consumption, temporal-spatial activity, and household product use. Two cohorts of households were enrolled: families (one parent and one child) from northern California and older individuals (age 55+) from central California
Synthese geschützter N-Nitroso-Zuckeraminosäuren. N-(1,3,4,6-Tetra-O-acetyl-2-desoxy-β-D-glucopyranos-2-yl)-aminosäure-methylester und -β-D-galactopyranos-2-yl)aminosäure-methylester sowie deren N-Nitroso-Derivate (Synthesis of protected N-nitroso sugar amino acids. N-(1,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-2-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranos-2-yl) amino acid methyl esters and β-D-galactopyranos-2-yl amino acid methyl esters and their N-nitroso derivatives) ...
Several adverse health effects including irritant and allergic contact dermatitis have been reported among workers following occupational exposure to chromium containing compounds. To understand the molecular mechanisms responsible for the dermal toxicity of chromium, a differential gene expression profile of human skin fibroblasts exposed to a cytotoxic concentration of hexavalent potassium dichr
Beberapa jenis larutan PEG telah digunakan untuk menginduksi fusi antara protoplas hipokotil Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek var. radiata dengan protoplas daun Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek var. sublobata (Roxb.) Verdcourt dengan tujuan mendapatkan hasil fusi protoplas tertinggi dan kemudian mengamati perkembangan tahap awal protoplas hasil fusi serta protoplas kedua induknya. Protoplas dari kedua macam eksplan diisolasi secara enzimatis dengan menggunakan larutan enzim yang terdiri dari cellulase YC 2%, macerozyme R-10 1%, mannitol 0,4 M dan CaCl2.2H2O 2,5 mM. Protoplas dari hipokotil dan daun difusikan dengan menggunakan tiga macam larutan (P1, P2, P3) yang mengandung polyethylene glycol (PEG) BM 4000 dan senyawa-senyawa lain. Persentase fusi tertinggi (15,27%) diperoleh dari larutan P2, yang mengandung PEG 33%, sukrosa 1,8%, KH2PO4 1mM dan CaCl2.2H2O 10 mM. Pengamatan jumlah inti protoplas hasil fusi yang diwarnai dengan pewarnaan 4-6 diamino 2-phenilindole (DAPI) di bawah mikroskop fluoresensi ...
Synonyms for Mungbean in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Mungbean. 5 synonyms for mung bean: golden gram, green gram, mung, Phaseolus aureus, Vigna radiata. What are synonyms for Mungbean?
Horse Gram: 12 Health Benefits and Recipes - Let’s take a look at horse gram, the miracle pulse, and how it can benefit our health. Plus, there’s a recipe in here too! You may be familiar with red, black and green grams, but even the...
Toxic chemicals dissolve to different degrees in air, water and fat. Since fish breathe water, chemicals with a low tendency to dissolve in water accumulate because they cannot be eliminated easily in the water that fish pump across their gills, he says. However, in air-breathing animals such as humans it is the low tendency of chemicals to evaporate to the air that determines whether the chemical has the potential to accumulate.. There is a difference between water-respiring and air-respiring animals and the way they bioaccumulate, adds Kelly, referring to the tendency of fat-soluble chemicals to build up in biological organisms.. For instance, the widely used pesticide lindane accumulates in rats (as well as humans). Yet lindane is easily eliminated by fish because it does dissolve in water. The same is true for some perfumes such as musk-xylene, as well as the degradation products of common fluorinated chemicals such as Teflon and ScotchGuard.. The Canadian researchers are hopeful that ...
This research is aimed to the study and application of an electrochemical immunosensor for the detection of ovalbumin (OVA) from egg white (or albumen) used as ...
Groundnut ng-lg005249dt specifications & features from suppliers/manufacturer Groundnut is an essetial in the market today it used in the production of various kind of goods such Vegetable oil, groundnut cake, peanut. We have them in bulk For sell. So tryand see for your self.
The bromide ion functions as the nucleophile and attacks to displace the good leaving group, neutral alcohol molecule, by cleaving the C-O bond. This results in the formation of an alkyl bromide and an alcohol ...
Scientists from the University of Bristol made the soap by dissolving iron in chloride and bromide ions, similar to those found in mouthwash or fabric conditioner.
Study Flashcards On Elderly Vison Impairment at Cram.com. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want!
Cake decorator in need of HELP!! I posted a few days ago about cakes. I am looking for a cake receipt that the cake has height to. I am looking to cover the cakes with Fondant and need height. I was told Annalise Roberts cake is great. Dose anyone have this receipt they could copy for me or any o...
标签蛋白的表达是研究目标蛋白的一种重要办法。而这个可能会影响到蛋白结构和功能研究的蛋白标签往往需要被去除。该视频介绍了几种用于标签蛋白柱上酶切的试剂,以及在使用过程中的一些小技巧。. The expression of tagged proteins is the major source of proteins for research purposes. It is often recommended to remove the tag, which might otherwise interfere with protein function or interactions. This video will give you some examples of automated on-column tag removal with different cleavage agents ...
2015年 夏 - するすると時が流れ ブログを書く手が止まったままでいたのは きっと外の目を意識しすぎて きれいごとを書かなければと思った時期があったから そして 様々な面白い出来事をこなすのが忙しく自分の中に降りて考える時間が惜しいような気がしていたから と気づいたのでぼちぼち 気が向いた時にまた書いていこうかと思う》 ... ...
carbaryl carbofuran methomyl [9] propoxur [10] "acephate". Archived from the original on 2008-03-06. Retrieved 2005-02-18. [11 ...
Carbofuran, a chemical soil treatment, once touted as a useful tool, is now proven to be highly toxic with environmental and ... Desaint, Stéphane; Hartmann, Alain; Parekh, Nisha R.; Fournier, Jean-Claude (2000-12-01). "Genetic diversity of carbofuran- ...
She allegedly caused her own death by drinking nearly half a litre of carbofuran. Due to fact that she killed herself, she ...
Yadira Narváez: also known as "The Queen of Scopolamine"; poisoned between five and six men with Carbofuran in 2011, but ...
"Influence of suspended solids on acute toxicity of carbofuran to Daphnia magna: I. Interactive effects". Aquatic Toxicology ( ...
Included in this group are aldicarb (Temik), carbofuran (Furadan), carbaryl (Sevin), ethienocarb, fenobucarb, oxamyl, and ... the most potent compounds such as aldicarb and carbofuran are still capable of inhibiting mammalian acetylcholinesterase ...
"Soil invertebrate and plant responses to mowing and carbofuran application in a North American tallgrass prairie". Plant and ...
Narváez used a type of pesticide called Carbofuran, commonly known as "Furadan", which is highly toxic for humans. The ...
Methyl isocyanate is an intermediate chemical in the production of carbamate pesticides (such as carbaryl, carbofuran, methomyl ...
Spraying low dosages of malathion, endosulfan or carbofuran during the period the moths lay their eggs has been effective. It ... has also been recommended to dust crops with moderate concentrations of carbofuran or high concentrations of dieldrin, endrin ...
Atrazine, carbofuran and diazinon were also found to reduce olfactory detection of female priming pheromones by male Atlantic ...
Chemical control of Ditylenchus destructor can be achieved with soil-applied nematicides such as carbofuran, ethylene dibromide ...
Secondary poisoning with carbofuran pesticides at livestock baits being used to poison mammalian predators is also an issue in ...
Some methylotrophs within the genus of Methylobacillus can even use organic compounds such as the pesticide carbofuran and ...
In events where predators such as lions or hyenas have killed livestock, carbofuran poisons have been placed into carcasses as ...
The plots that were planted with Forrest which is the sensitive cultivar and treated with carbofuran had a higher yield than ... The plots in this study by Koenning were treated with aldicarb, carbofuran, and fenamiphos and had less nematodes 40 days post ...
National sales of the classes of insecticide used on rice, including granular carbofuran, synthetic pyrethroids, and malathion ... National sales of the classes of insecticide used on rice, including granular carbofuran, synthetic pyrethroids, and malathion ...
The park gained nationwide notoriety in 2004 when hot dogs laced with carbofuran were left in the park, killing one dog and ...
... the pesticides carbofuran, carbaryl, and metham sodium, and the solvents N-methylformamide and N-methylpyrrolidone. The ...
Due to non-registration of 4 carcinogenic chemicals used on crops, vegetables with residues of methomyl, carbofuran, ...
... carbofuran and aldicarb. Carbamoyl chlorides are prepared by the reaction of an amine with phosgene: 2 R2NH + COCl2 → R2NCOCl ...
Carbofuran, Methyl Bromide, Dichlorvos, Lambda-cyhalothrin, Methidathion-methyl, Omethoate, Zeta Cypermethrin, Endosulfan ...
Additionally, in the 1990s, biologists found that a container of poisonous carbofuran had floated to shore and burst open above ...
... involving use of the banned substance carbofuran. Clachan Sound from Clachan Bridge, looking north The flooded quarry and ...
VX VE VG VM Diazinon Malathion Parathion Carbamates Aldicarb Bendiocarb Bufencarb Carbaryl Carbendazim Carbetamide Carbofuran ...
In 2012, while Wildlife Minister he refused a request from other MPs that possession of carbofuran, a deadly poison used to ...
Carbofuran Carbosulfan in the Pesticide Properties DataBase (PPDB) CARBOSULFAN - Pesticide residues in food - 1984 COMMISSION ...
Carbofuran, Methomyl, Oxamyl, and Thiofanox in Water by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) D7646 - 10( ... Carbofuran, Oxamyl and Methomyl by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry D7601 - 19 Practice for Pressure Driven ...
Carbofuran Ethylone (Methylenedioxyethcathinone) Isobubbialine Metaxalone This set index page lists chemical structure articles ...
... has role nematicide (CHEBI:25491) carbofuran (CHEBI:34611) is a 1-benzofurans (CHEBI:38830) carbofuran ... carbofuran (CHEBI:34611) has role agrochemical (CHEBI:33286) carbofuran (CHEBI:34611) has role avicide (CHEBI:33289) carbofuran ... carbofuran (CHEBI:34611) has role EC 3.1.1.7 (acetylcholinesterase) inhibitor (CHEBI:38462) carbofuran (CHEBI:34611) has role ... CHEBI:34611 - carbofuran. Main. ChEBI Ontology. Automatic Xrefs. Reactions. Pathways. Models. .gridLayoutCellStructure { min- ...
Carbofuran is highly toxic to vertebrates with an oral LD50 of 8-14 mg/kg in rats and 19 mg/kg in dogs. Carbofuran is known to ... Carbofuran also has contact activity against pests. Carbofuran usage has increased in recent years because it is one of the few ... Carbofuran is an endocrine disruptor and a probable reproduction/development intoxicant. At low-level exposures, carbofuran may ... "Page about Carbofuran in the IUPACs database". IUPAC - International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. IUPAC. "Carbofuran ...
Other names: Furadane; 7-Benzofuranol, 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-, methylcarbamate; Carbamic acid, methyl-, 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl ester; BAY 70143; Curaterr; Furadan; Furadan 3G; Niagara 10242; Crisfuran; NIA 10242; OMS 864; 2,2-Dimethyl-7-Coumaranyl N-methylcarbamate; 2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl methylcarbamate; 2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethylbenzofuran-7-yl methylcarbamate; BAY 78537; Carbamic acid, methyl-, 2,2-dimethyl-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-7-yl ester; D 1221; ENT 27,164; FMC 10242; Yaltox; 2,2-Dimethyl-2,2-dihydrobenzofuranyl-7 N-methylcarbamate; 2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethylbenzofuranyl-7-N-methylcarbamate; 2,2-Dimethyl-2,3-dihydro-7-benzofuranyl N-methylcarbamate; Karbofuranu; Methyl carbamic acid 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl ester; NA 2757; Niagara nia-10242; Chinufur; Furadan 75 WP; 2,2-Dimethyl-2,3-dihydrobenzoduranyl-7-N-methylcarbamate; 2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranol methylcarbamate; 7-Benzofurano, 2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl, methylcarbamate; ...
2,3-Dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl methylcarbamate, Furacarb®, Furadan® Odorless, white or grayish, crystalline solid. [insecticide] [Note: May be dissolved in a liquid carrier.]
Carbofuran is most likely nonmutagenic [5].. *Carcinogenic effects: Data from animal studies indicate that carbofuran does not ... Carbofuran has a high potential for groundwater contamination [14]. Carbofuran is mobile to very mobile in sandy loam, silty ... There is no ban on liquid formulations of carbofuran. Liquid formulations of carbofuran are classified as Restricted Use ... carbofuran pellets [33]. Red-shouldered hawks have been poisoned after eating prey from carbofuran-treated fields [17]. The ...
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database ...
Carbofuran is a member of the carbamate class of pesticides derived from the basic carbamic acid moiety. The mode of action of ... Carbofuran. Carbofuran is a member of the carbamate class of pesticides derived from the basic carbamic acid moiety. The mode ... Carbofuran is a plant systemic and has a high water solubility, which allows the pesticide to be taken into the roots or leaves ...
The Agency has determined that the risk from aggregate exposure from the use of carbofuran does not meet the safety standard of ... EPA is proposing to revoke all tolerances for carbofuran. ... all carbofuran registrations, based in part on carbofurans ... Carbofuran has a steep dose-response curve. In other words, a marginal increase in administered doses of carbofuran can result ... For example, carbofuran data in juvenile rats (postnatal day 11 and 17) demonstrate that small differences in carbofuran doses ...
Carbofuran. Find out what is in your tap water ... EWGs Tap Water Database Carbofuran results for Fultonville ... Carbofuran. Fultonville Village Public Water Supply. Carbofuran is a highly toxic insecticide phased out from use in the U.S. ... The health guideline of 0.7 ppb for carbofuran was defined by the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment ...
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) as published in O.J. C 146A, 15.6.1990. EINECS is an inventory of substances that were deemed to be on the European Community market between 1 January 1971 and 18 September 1981. EINECS was drawn up by the European Commission in the application of Article 13 of Directive 67/548/EEC, as amended by Directive 79/831/EEC, and in accordance with the detailed provisions of Commission Decision 81/437/EEC. Substances listed in EINECS are considered phase-in substances under the REACH Regulation ...
... Katherine A. Hunt, Michael J. Hooper, ... Katherine A. Hunt, Michael J. Hooper, and Edward E. Littrell "CARBOFURAN POISONING IN HERONS: DIAGNOSIS USING CHOLINESTERASE ... Crayfish (Procambarus clarkii) identified in the crops of some herons contained carbofuran residues of up to 0.6 parts per ... Katherine A. Hunt, Michael J. Hooper, Edward E. Littrell "CARBOFURAN POISONING IN HERONS: DIAGNOSIS USING CHOLINESTERASE ...
Mutagenicity of N-nitroso derivatives of carbofuran and its toxic metabolites. Bibliographic information. Mar.-Apr. 1981, Vol.7 ... mutagenic effects; insecticides; carbofuran; nitroso compounds. Descriptors (secondary). 3-hydroxycarbofuran; chromosome ... In the Ames assay method the nitroso derivatives of carbofuran (CF), 3-hydroxycarbofuran (HCF) and 3-ketocarbofuran (KCF) all ...
The Agencys risk assessments and other related documents also are available in the carbofuran... ... for the N-methyl carbamate pesticide carbofuran, and opens a public comment period on this document. ... The carbofuran IRED presents the Agencys conclusions on the risks posed by exposure to carbofuran alone; however, section 408( ... The Agencys risk assessments and other related documents also are available in the carbofuran docket. Carbofuran works as a ...
... the agent with the greatest acute systemic toxicity is the broad-spectrum insecticide/nematocide carbofuran. Carbofuran ... Urinary metabolites of carbofuran were detected by CDPR in 18 (58%) of 31 samples obtained up to 11 days following the exposure ... Foliage samples obtained in the first field by CDPR on July 31 showed carbofuran levels up to 0.77 ug/cm2; these levels were ... On July 31 at 4 a.m., a cotton field was sprayed aerially with a solution containing as active ingredients 0.26% carbofuran (n- ...
We describe four fatal cases due to ingestion of carbofuran, a carbamate insecticide. Carbofuran was detected in the gastric ... Blood carbofuran concentrations in suicidal ingestion cases.. [K Ameno, S K Lee, S W In, J Y Yang, Y C Yoo, S Ameno, T Kubota, ... Fatal concentrations of carbofuran in blood ranged from 0.32 to 11.6 microg/ml. ...
... carbofuran explanation free. What is carbofuran? Meaning of carbofuran medical term. What does carbofuran mean? ... Looking for online definition of carbofuran in the Medical Dictionary? ... Carbofuran , definition of carbofuran by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/carbofuran ... carbofuran. Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. A broad-spectrum anticholinergic pesticide/insecticide sprayed by air to ...
Buy Carbofuran - CAS Number 1563-66-2 from LGC Standards. Please login or register to view prices, check availability and place ...
Buy Effect of Carbofuran on the Histology of Liver of Rabbits by Iqbal Nida, Nazir Sumra from Waterstones today! Click and ... Effect of Carbofuran on the Histology of Liver of Rabbits (Paperback). Iqbal Nida (author), Nazir Sumra (author) Sign in to ...
... enabled semiquantitative detection of carbofuran, a neurotoxic and EU-banned carbamate pesticide, in a wide concentration range ... and was effectively applied for the binary detection of carbofuran in apple extracts. ... A Hybrid Lab-on-a-Chip Injector System for Autonomous Carbofuran Screening by Aristeidis S. Tsagkaris ... Tsagkaris, A.S.; Pulkrabova, J.; Hajslova, J.; Filippini, D. A Hybrid Lab-on-a-Chip Injector System for Autonomous Carbofuran ...
For more information, visit www.epa.gov/pesticides/reregistration/carbofuran/carbofuran_noic.htm. ... Saying there are considerable risks associated with the pesticide carbofuran in food and drinking water, EPA is revoking the ... EPA Taking Steps to Rid Carbofuran Residues in Food. *Jul 29, 2008 ... Department of Agricultures comments on the effect of the cancellation of carbofuran on the agricultural economy. EPA will ...
Carbofuran is sold in Kenya in both a liquid form and a more widely available granular form, which farmers sprinkle around ... Carbofuran is a toxic insecticide that does not meet current U.S. food safety standards, and the U.S. Environmental Protection ... Posted in Aldicarb, Bayer, Carbaryl, Carbofuran, Dow Chemical, Environmental Justice, International, Methomyl, West Virginia , ... Carbofuran is a toxic insecticide that does not meet current U.S. food safety standards. EPAs action will eliminate residues ...
Treatment with carbofuran increased phospholipid in catfish livers.Injection of carbofuran and extraction of liver from catfish ... pone-0057919-g001: Treatment with carbofuran increased phospholipid in catfish livers.Injection of carbofuran and extraction of ... pone-0057919-g001: Treatment with carbofuran increased phospholipid in catfish livers.Injection of carbofuran and extraction of ... we observed that treating catfish with carbofuran augmented total phospholipid in the liver.We purified the carbofuran-induced ...
No comments were found for ASTM D7600 - 09e1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Aldicarb, Carbofuran, Oxamyl and ... This method has been investigated for use with reagent and surface water for the selected carbamates: aldicarb, carbofuran, ... ASTM D7600 - 09e1 Standard Test Method for Determination of Aldicarb, Carbofuran, Oxamyl and Methomyl by Liquid Chromatography/ ... 1.1 This procedure covers the determination of aldicarb, carbofuran, oxamyl and methomyl (referred to collectively as ...
Carbofuran to be cancelled, finally. This morning EPA announced a proposal to finally cancel the neurotoxic insecticide ... All products containing carbofuran generally cause unreasonable adverse effects on humans and the environment and do not meet ... EPAs own estimates conclude that up to two million birds were killed each year by carbofuran before it was banned for all but ... The Agency concluded "that dietary, worker, and ecological risks are of concern for all uses of carbofuran. ...
Eighty-two bacterial isolates with potential Carbofuran degradation activity (Furadan®3SC) were obtained from soils cultivated ... CASTELLANOS ROZO, José et al. Characterization of Carbofuran Degrading Bacteria Obtained from Potato Cultivated Soils with ... Subsequently, these bacteria were tested for their ability of hydrolytic degradation of Carbofuran; the results show that the ... C for 72 h in media containing 200 mg L-1 of analytical Carbofuran as the sole source of carbon and/ or nitrogen. The results ...
Efficacy of carbofuran with stickers for the control of sorghum shootfly (Atherigona varia soccata Rondani) and their effect on ... Efficacy of carbofuran with stickers for the control of sorghum shoot fly atherigona varia soccata and their effect on ... Optimum dose of carbofuran granules for the control of sorghum shootfly (Atherigona soccata Rondani). Mysore Journal of ... Efficacy of mixtures of carbofuran treated and untreated sorghum seed for the control of shoot fly, Atherigona soccata (Rondani ...
Carbofuran. * Dar plans study to confirm existence of outlawed chemicals. Carbofuran, Short-chain chlorinated paraffins, ... EPA sued over endosulfan, bans carbofuran in the last week of July, a coalition of civil society groups filed a lawsuit against ... The study deals with the compatibility of P. fluorescens in combination with soil application of carbofuran and neem seed ... A pot experiment was conducted to study the toxic effect of nematicides: carbofuran, carbosulfan alone and their combination on ...
Dissipation of carbofuran and carbaryl on Oolong tea during tea bushes, manufacturing and roasting processes.: Carbofuran (2,3- ... Manufacturing processes of Oolong tea further reduced the carbofuran and carbaryl contents. The persistence of carbofuran and ... Dissipation of carbofuran and carbaryl on Oolong tea during tea bushes, manufacturing and roasting processes.. Authors * Wu, ... From the results, we conclude that the presence of carbofuran and carbaryl in tea can be reduced by proper field management, ...
Symptoms of Carbofuran Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC) contacted, prior to the use of CARBOFURAN ... Carbofuran toxicity and its microbial degradation in contaminated environments. Symptoms of Carbofuran Exposure from the ... Acute occupational carbofuran poisoning in malicious poisoning conditions carbofuran poisoning treatment e.g repeated gastric ... This paper investigates unintentional carbofuran poisoning in farm workers. Carbofuran and Wildlife Poisoning: Global ...
... showed that Carbofuran was the most used pesticide for illegal activities. Carbofuran and Wildlife Poisoning: Global ... and she quickly discovered the major contribution of Carbofuran in this decline. In other parts of the world Carbofuran may ... Carbofuran is a systemic carbamate insecticide and is also used as an acaricide and a nematocide.. The acute toxicity of ... Carbofuran has been commercially available since 1967 and although it can be seen as old-fashioned compared with later ...
  • Dissipation of carbofuran and carbaryl on Oolong tea during te. (mysciencework.com)
  • Dissipation of carbofuran and carbaryl on Oolong tea during tea bushes, manufacturing and roasting processes. (mysciencework.com)
  • Carbofuran (2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranol-N-methylcarbamate) and carbaryl (1-naphthyl-N-methylcarbamate) are insecticides widely used in tea plantations. (mysciencework.com)
  • The objective of the present study was to evaluate the dissipation of carbofuran and carbaryl during the growth periods of Oolong tea, processing and roasting. (mysciencework.com)
  • Results showed that in the tea field carbofuran dissipated faster then carbaryl. (mysciencework.com)
  • Manufacturing processes of Oolong tea further reduced the carbofuran and carbaryl contents. (mysciencework.com)
  • The persistence of carbofuran and carbaryl was decreased with increasing roasting temperature. (mysciencework.com)
  • From the results, we conclude that the presence of carbofuran and carbaryl in tea can be reduced by proper field management, manufacturing and roasting processes. (mysciencework.com)
  • An insecticide standard consisted of 5 g carbofuran (Furadan[R] 3G, Bayer CropScience, Bogota, Colombia) per plant. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Eighty-two bacterial isolates with potential Carbofuran degradation activity (Furadan®3SC) were obtained from soils cultivated with the potato variety Unica ( Solanum tuberosum ) in Silos, Norte de Santander (Colombia), with different records of pesticide application. (scielo.org.co)
  • Furadan 3G (Carbofuran) a systematic N-methyl carbamate pesticide was orally administered at doses of 0.15, 0.1, and 0.05mg/kg body weight to normal male and female albino Wistar rat for eleven (11) weeks. (ispub.com)
  • Furadan is the registered trade name for insecticidal formulations of carbofuran 2, 3-dihydro-2, 2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranylmethylcarbamate (Edward, et al. (ispub.com)
  • 1980). The name Furadan is used predominantly in the field, whereas carbofuran ® (the common name) accepted by the American Standard Association has become the accepted name for the formulation used in the laboratory (Edward et al. (ispub.com)
  • 1980). The names Furadan and carbofuran ® have been used interchangeably (Niagara Chemical Division, FMC Corporation, unpublished). (ispub.com)
  • Furadan 3G granular (3% carbofuran ® in a sand core granule) replaced aldrin in Texas in 1970 (Edward et al. (ispub.com)
  • Technical grade Furadan 3G (carbofuran) was kindly provided by Mercy Agro Allied Company Ltd., located along Zaria - Samaru road and dissolved in distilled water as a vehicle for oral administration. (ispub.com)
  • FMC Corporation, the U.S. registrant for carbofuran (Furadan), while satisfied with the reinstatement of import tolerances, has not determined if further legal action will be taken regarding the continued denial of an administrative hearing until it can conduct a careful review of the court's opinion. (corporate-ir.net)
  • Exposure to the carbamate insecticide carbofuran was detected using brain cholinesterase (ChE) reactivation techniques in heron carcasses collected from a potential pesticide exposure incident. (bioone.org)
  • This morning EPA announced a proposal to finally cancel the neurotoxic insecticide carbofuran completely. (panna.org)
  • Carbofuran is one of the most toxic carbamate pesticides. (wikipedia.org)
  • Liquid formulations of carbofuran are classified as Restricted Use Pesticides (RUP) because of their acute oral and inhalation toxicity to humans. (orst.edu)
  • Carbofuran is a member of the carbamate class of pesticides derived from the basic carbamic acid moiety. (fsu.edu)
  • A bird discovered at Edmunbyers in County Durham had died from poisoning by Carbofuran , one of the most toxic of pesticides, which is banned in the EU. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • For more information, visit www.epa.gov/pesticides/reregistration/carbofuran/carbofuran_noic.htm . (ohsonline.com)
  • Of all pesticides currently in use, carbofuran is one of the most highly toxic to birds. (panna.org)
  • The results obtained in the in vitro tests show the bacterial metabolic capacity for the biodegradation of Carbofuran, highlighting the potential use of the bacteria for future field evaluation tests in places where residues of the pesticide may exist, as an alternative to control the impact that N-methyl carbamate pesticides have on the environment and human health. (scielo.org.co)
  • Carbofuran has been commercially available since 1967 and although it can be seen as old-fashioned compared with later pesticides, which discriminate between target and non-target organisms, it still has a market in territories where it is not prohibited. (envchemgroup.com)
  • 001). These observed effects of carbofuran on water and food intake may be due to the effect of the pesticides on the hypothalamus likely via effects on the Paraventricular Nucleus (PVN) and Ventromedial Nucleus (VMN). (ispub.com)
  • Carbofuran usage has increased in recent years because it is one of the few insecticides effective on soybean aphids, which have expanded their range since 2002 to include most soybean-growing regions of the United States. (wikipedia.org)
  • Stability of accelerated degradation of soil-applied insecticides: laboratory behaviour of aldicarb and carbofuran in relation to their efficacy against cabbage root fly (Delia radicum) in previously treated field soils. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • A pot experiment was conducted to study the toxic effect of nematicides: carbofuran, carbosulfan alone and their combination on soil microbial population and soil respiration with cotton as a test crop. (org.in)
  • Carbosulfan, a pesticide in itself, produces carbofuran as a major metabolite. (parafarmaciasip.com)
  • Behaviour and efficacy of carbofuran and carbosulfan applied as seed treatments in previously-treated and previously-untreated soils. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • carbofuran, carbosulfan, benfuracarb and furathiocarb, including the CXLs that were taken over in the EU legislation. (europa.eu)
  • EFSA recommends the withdrawal of the carbofuran and/or carbosulfan CXLs transposed in the EU legislation for mandarin, orange, sunflower, rape seed and spices. (europa.eu)
  • Crayfish ( Procambarus clarkii ) identified in the crops of some herons contained carbofuran residues of up to 0.6 parts per million wet weight, providing additional evidence of exposure. (bioone.org)
  • Saying there are considerable risks associated with the pesticide carbofuran in food and drinking water, EPA is revoking the regulations that allow carbofuran residues in food. (ohsonline.com)
  • EPA has revoked regulations that permitted small residues of the pesticide carbofuran in food. (migrantclinician.org)
  • Susceptibility To Carbofuran And Biomonitoring Of Its Residues In Cabbage [drosophila Melanogaster Meigen: 3. (unicamp.br)
  • The susceptibility of Drosophila melanogaster to carbofuran and the use of this organism in biomonitoring residues of the insecticide in cabbage was evaluated. (unicamp.br)
  • Under the conditions of the bioassay, residues-film bioassay in Petri dish, carbofuran degraded depending on the temperature and time of exposure. (unicamp.br)
  • capitata) and the residues of carbofuran were determined by bioassay. (unicamp.br)
  • The validation of the bioassay by high performance liquid chromatography confirms the viability of the bioassay with D. melanogaster in monitoring the residues of carbofuran in cabbage. (unicamp.br)
  • Carbofuran has one of the highest acute toxicities to humans of any insecticide widely used on field crops (only aldicarb and parathion are more toxic). (wikipedia.org)
  • We have had con[euro]rmation, including from independent toxicologists, that the poisons identi[euro]ed in the toxicology report - carbofuran and aldicarb - are fast-acting. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This method has been investigated for use with reagent and surface water for the selected carbamates: aldicarb, carbofuran, oxamyl and methomyl. (environmental-expert.com)
  • 1.1 This procedure covers the determination of aldicarb, carbofuran, oxamyl and methomyl (referred to collectively as carbamates in this test method) in surface water by direct injection using liquid chromatography (LC) and detected with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). These analytes are qualitatively and quantitatively determined by this method. (environmental-expert.com)
  • 1996) Effect of a single soil pre-treatment with aldicarb and carbofuran on their subsequent behaviour and field performance. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Carbofuran exhibits toxicity mediated by the same mechanism as that of the notorious V-series nerve agents and presents a risk to human health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Formulations of carbofuran are in toxicity class I - highly toxic or toxicity class II - moderately toxic. (orst.edu)
  • The acute toxicity of Carbofuran has been evaluated in several species. (parafarmaciasip.com)
  • This paper reports on the primary and secondary poisonings caused by carbofuran in birds, involving the possible poisonous sources, toxicity, disposition, mechanism of action, clinical signs, diagnosis and principles of treatment. (parafarmaciasip.com)
  • Mice appear to be less sensitive to the toxicity of Carbofuran as the median lethal doses ranged from 250 to 500 mg/kg. (envchemgroup.com)
  • Another objective was to determine alterations of these markers under the influence of acute carbofuran (1.5 mg/kg) or methyl parathion (MPTH, 5 mg/kg) toxicity. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Plausible interactions between food contaminants and natural constituents in vivo and protective effect of polyphenols present in I. aquatica against carbofuran toxicity in Charles Foster rats were evaluated. (bvsalud.org)
  • citation needed] Most carbofuran is applied by commercial applicators using closed systems with engineered controls so there is no exposure to it in preparation. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, in developing countries, occupational exposure to carbofuran and resultant carbofuran-serum protein labeling has been reported to impact human health and well-being. (wikipedia.org)
  • In one study, the exposure of rats to sublethal amounts of carbofuran decreased testosterone by 88%, while the levels of progesterone, cortisol, and estradiol were significantly increased (1279%, 202%, and 150%, respectively). (wikipedia.org)
  • Death may result at high doses from respiratory system failure associated with carbofuran exposure [5]. (orst.edu)
  • Complete recovery from an acute poisoning by carbofuran, with no long-term health effects, is possible if exposure ceases and the victim has time to regain their normal level of cholinesterase and to recover from symptoms [5]. (orst.edu)
  • Prolonged or repeated exposure to carbofuran may cause the same effects as an acute exposure [5]. (orst.edu)
  • Available studies indicate carbofuran is unlikely to cause reproductive effects in humans at expected exposure levels. (orst.edu)
  • The Agency has determined that the risk from aggregate exposure from the use of carbofuran does not meet the safety standard of section 408(b)(2) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA). (federalregister.gov)
  • Great egrets ( Nycticorax nycticorax ), great blue herons ( Ardea herodias ), and black-crowned night herons ( Casmerodius albus ) were exposed to carbofuran (2,3-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranyl methylcarbamate) either by dermal exposure while wading or through ingestion of contaminated food items. (bioone.org)
  • Urinary metabolites of carbofuran were detected by CDPR in 18 (58%) of 31 samples obtained up to 11 days following the exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • An experimental model with broiler chickens was used to study clinical signs of sublethal carbofuran poisoning in birds and to measure the residue concentrations of carbamate in tissues after exposure. (parafarmaciasip.com)
  • Symptoms of Carbofuran Exposure from the International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC) contacted, prior to the use of CARBOFURAN 100 GR in a spray programme. (parafarmaciasip.com)
  • The effect of chronic exposure to carbofuran (4.5 ppm in static water ) for six months on the gonadal histophysiology and hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal complex was studied in Channa punctatus. (bvsalud.org)
  • These observations suggest that carbofuran even at low concentration level under long-term exposure is capable of inducing retardation of gonadal development which might have been mediated through the impairment of the hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal-gonadal axis in this species. (bvsalud.org)
  • Carbofuran ® is a potent cholinesterase inhibitor and is highly toxic to humans and wildlife through the oral and inhalation routes of exposure (Baron, 1991). (ispub.com)
  • In its written opinion, the court noted EPA's acknowledgment that "exposure to carbofuran in imported foods alone is safe. (corporate-ir.net)
  • Discussion: This study adds to the known adverse health outcomes of exposure to carbofuran, a pesticide canceled in the United States in 2009 for most agricultural purposes but persists in the environment and remains in use in some other countries. (cdc.gov)
  • Our results in a male agricultural population suggests that exposure to carbofuran is positively associated with sleep apnea. (cdc.gov)
  • The plants had produced highly toxic chemicals including carbofuran and methomyl. (chinadaily.com.cn)
  • EPA sued over endosulfan, bans carbofuran in the last week of July, a coalition of civil society groups filed a lawsuit against the us Environmental Protection Agency (epa) seeking to stop the use of endosulfan. (org.in)
  • Carbofuran is highly toxic to vertebrates with an oral LD50 of 8-14 mg/kg in rats and 19 mg/kg in dogs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carbofuran is highly toxic by inhalation and ingestion and moderately toxic by dermal absorption [5]. (orst.edu)
  • Carbofuran is a highly toxic insecticide phased out from use in the U.S. since 2009 due to the risks it posed to children and the environment. (ewg.org)
  • The Agency concluded "that dietary, worker, and ecological risks are of concern for all uses of carbofuran. (panna.org)
  • 1980). In view of the above findings, the present study has been undertaken to attempt to characterize the effect of carbofuran ® on the eating and drinking behavior of animals, specifically the laboratory rats. (ispub.com)
  • EPA is proposing to revoke all tolerances for carbofuran. (federalregister.gov)
  • The U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit today ordered the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to reinstate import tolerances for carbofuran for rice, bananas, coffee and sugar cane. (corporate-ir.net)
  • We are pleased the court recognized the agency had overstepped its bounds when it revoked the import tolerances for carbofuran, especially since the EPA acknowledged the imported foods are safe," said Dr. Michael Morelli, director of Global Regulatory Affairs, FMC Agricultural Products Group. (corporate-ir.net)
  • On July 31 at 4 a.m., a cotton field was sprayed aerially with a solution containing as active ingredients 0.26% carbofuran (n-methyl carbamate), 0.05% abamectin (macrolytic lactone), and 0.05% mepiquat chloride (growth regulator). (cdc.gov)
  • 001) increase in water consumption for rats treated with 0.15, 0.1, and 0.05mg/kg carbofuran compared to control. (ispub.com)
  • Following a Special Review, the EPA initiated a ban on all granular formulations of carbofuran which became effective on September 1, 1994. (orst.edu)
  • Before 1991, 80% of the total usage of carbofuran was in granular formulations. (orst.edu)
  • Carbofuran is available in liquid and granular formulations, but as stated avove the granule form is banned in the U.S. (orst.edu)
  • Carbofuran works as a cholinesterase inhibitor and is used to treat pests of food and non-food crops as either a flowable or Start Printed Page 51611 granular formulation. (federalregister.gov)
  • Cytochrome P450 is a superfamily of membrane-bound hemoprotein that gets involved with the degradation of xenobiotics and internal metabolites.In this present investigation, we observed that treating catfish with carbofuran augmented total phospholipid in the liver.We purified the carbofuran-induced cytochrome P4501A protein from catfish liver. (nih.gov)
  • Role of high-energy phosphates and their metabolites in protection of carbofuran-induced biochemical changes in diaphragm muscle by memantine. (parafarmaciasip.com)
  • EFSA recommends, to maintain the MRL for carbofuran in fresh cultivated mushrooms at the current LOQ of 0.01* mg/kg, since higher values will result in an acute consumer intake concern. (europa.eu)
  • Simultaneous detection of enzymatic color response in sample and reference cells, using a regular smartphone, enabled semiquantitative detection of carbofuran, a neurotoxic and EU-banned carbamate pesticide, in a wide concentration range. (mdpi.com)
  • Carbofuran and Wildlife Poisoning is a comprehensive overview of global wildlife mortality, forensic developments and monitoring techniques and is a definitive reference on the subject. (parafarmaciasip.com)
  • Carbofuran and Wildlife Poisoning: Global Perspectives and Forensic Approaches is a compilation of international contributors from policy-makers to researchers, conservationists and forensic practitioners and is the definitive reference on the subject devoting itself entirely to the issue of global carbofuran and wildlife mortality. (parafarmaciasip.com)
  • Carbofuran and Wildlife Poisoning: Global Perspectives and Forensic Approaches describes the legal and illegal uses of the pesticide Carbofuran and its environmental effects in a number of countries throughout the world. (envchemgroup.com)
  • The study deals with the compatibility of P. fluorescens in combination with soil application of carbofuran and neem seed powder against M. incognita. (org.in)
  • HHS 1.4 Environmental fate Carbofuran is rapidly taken up by plants through the roots from soil and water and is translocated mainly into the leaves. (parafarmaciasip.com)
  • A microalga, Chlorella vulgaris, and two diazotrophic cyanobacteria, Nostoc linckia and N. muscorum, all isolated from a rice soil, were compared for their response in terms of growth and metabolic activities to the application of carbofuran. (sparrho.com)
  • Comparative effects of effective microorganism activated solution, leaf extracts and carbofuran on the growth and yield of cucumber planted on Meloidogyne incognita infested soil. (edu.ng)
  • Two field experiments were conducted between 2014 and 2016 on the effects of effective microorganism activated solution (EMAS), carbofuran and some plant leaf extracts (Azadirachta indica and Tithonia diversifolia) on the performance of cucumber planted on root-knot nematode (RKN) infested soil. (edu.ng)
  • ROBERTS, S.J. (1997) The effects of soil pH and crop on the degradation of carbofuran and chlorfenvinphos in field microplots. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • LYNN, J.R. (1996) Effects of soil moisture and temperature on the stability of carbofuran in previously-treated and previously-untreated soils. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Carbofuran is a broad spectrum carbamate pesticide that kills insects, mites, and nematodes on contact or after ingestion. (orst.edu)
  • Blood carbofuran concentrations in suicidal ingestion cases. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • We describe four fatal cases due to ingestion of carbofuran, a carbamate insecticide. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Consuming high doses over long periods of time caused damage to testes in dogs, but carbofuran did not have any reproductive effects on rats or mice [5]. (orst.edu)
  • No significant teratogenic effects have been found in offspring of rats given carbofuran (3 mg/kg/day) on days 5 to 19 of gestation. (orst.edu)
  • This notice announces the availability of EPA's Interim Reregistration Eligibility Decision (IRED) for the N-methyl carbamate pesticide carbofuran, and opens a public comment period on this document. (federalregister.gov)
  • EPA has reviewed carbofuran through the public participation process that the Agency uses to involve the public in developing pesticide reregistration and tolerance reassessment decisions. (federalregister.gov)
  • All products containing carbofuran generally cause unreasonable adverse effects on humans and the environment and do not meet safety standards, and therefore are ineligible for reregistration. (panna.org)
  • Workers' clothing contained carbofuran residue (up to 91 mg per clothing item) and abamectin residue (up to 6000 ug per clothing item). (cdc.gov)
  • This study provides evidences for the use of infused tea residue derived biochar for carbofuran removal. (elsevier.com)
  • The resulting evaluation procedure is generic and allows the rejection of spurious measurements based on their dynamic responses, and was effectively applied for the binary detection of carbofuran in apple extracts. (mdpi.com)
  • Determinations based on antioxidant enzyme activities showed significant alterations in glutathione , glutathione peroxidase , superoxide dismutase and catalase in tissues ( liver and brain ) and plasma of pesticide treated group while polyphenolic extracts from I. aquatica (IAE) attenuated their activities when given alongwith carbofuran . (bvsalud.org)
  • Katherine A. Hunt , Michael J. Hooper , and Edward E. Littrell "CARBOFURAN POISONING IN HERONS: DIAGNOSIS USING CHOLINESTERASE REACTIVATION TECHNIQUES," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 31(2), 186-192, (1 April 1995). (bioone.org)
  • Signs and symptoms of cholinesterase poisoning occur within minutes as Carbofuran acts directly on the enzyme without metabolic activation. (envchemgroup.com)
  • Carbofuran is a plant systemic and has a high water solubility, which allows the pesticide to be taken into the roots or leaves. (fsu.edu)
  • Carbofuran is a systemic carbamate insecticide and is also used as an acaricide and a nematocide. (envchemgroup.com)
  • 2002). Carbofuran (2, 3-dihydro-2, 2-dimethyl-7-benzofuranylmethylcarbamate), is a systemic N-methyl carbamate pesticide with predominantly contact (dermal-absorption through the intact skin) and stomach action (vomiting, nausea, abdominal cramp, diarrhea) (Kaliwal et al. (ispub.com)
  • Carbofuran, an anticholinesterase carbamate, is commonly used as an insecticide, nematicide, and acaricide in agricultural practice throughout the world. (parafarmaciasip.com)
  • 2001. Characterization of a carbofuran contaminated site in the Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge. (fws.gov)
  • Data from animal studies indicate that carbofuran does not pose a risk of cancer to humans [5]. (orst.edu)
  • Carbofuran , an N-methyl carbamate, is acutely toxic to humans, and one granule of the product can kill a bird. (panna.org)
  • The bacteria were selected for their ability to grow at 25 °C for 72 h in media containing 200 mg L -1 of analytical Carbofuran as the sole source of carbon and/ or nitrogen. (scielo.org.co)
  • Carbofuran-degrading bacteria from previously treated field soils. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Carbofuran was detected in the gastric contents using thin layer chromatography (TLC) and gas chromatography/mass spectrophotometry (GC/MS), and quantified in the blood using a gas chromatograph equipped with nitrogen-phosphorus detector (NPD). (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • This has been shown to occur with strychnine in canine gastric contents and phorate and carbofuran in bovine rumen fluids. (drugs.com)
  • Fatal concentrations of carbofuran in blood ranged from 0.32 to 11.6 microg/ml. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • The broad effect range of Carbofuran has led to its worldwide use including control on sugar cane, sugar beet, maize, coffee and rice crops. (envchemgroup.com)
  • Carbofuran induced impairment in the hypothalamo-neurohypophyseal-gonadal complex in the teleost, Channa punctalus (Bloch). (bvsalud.org)
  • 2004. Persistence of carbofuran in marine sand and water. (fws.gov)
  • Carbofuran is known to be particularly toxic to birds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bird kills have occurred when birds ingested carbofuran granules, which resemble grain seeds and when predatory or scavenging birds have ingested small birds or mammals which had eaten carbofuran pellets. (orst.edu)
  • EPA's own estimates conclude that up to two million birds were killed each year by carbofuran before it was banned for all but emergency uses. (panna.org)
  • Frequent carbofuran poisoning cases among predatory birds. (parafarmaciasip.com)
  • The chapters describe the different ways wildlife can be exposed, signs that can be used to recognise intoxication, diagnosis of Carbofuran kills and how poisoned birds can be rehabilitated. (envchemgroup.com)
  • Cholinergic and noncholinergic changes in skeletal muscles by carbofuran and methyl parathion. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Carbofuran also has contact activity against pests. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tsagkaris AS, Pulkrabova J, Hajslova J, Filippini D. A Hybrid Lab-on-a-Chip Injector System for Autonomous Carbofuran Screening. (mdpi.com)