Naphthols: Naphthalene derivatives carrying one or more hydroxyl (-OH) groups at any ring position. They are often used in dyes and pigments, as antioxidants for rubber, fats, and oils, as insecticides, in pharmaceuticals, and in numerous other applications.Insecticides: Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.Carbaryl: A carbamate insecticide and parasiticide. It is a potent anticholinesterase agent belonging to the carbamate group of reversible cholinesterase inhibitors. It has a particularly low toxicity from dermal absorption and is used for control of head lice in some countries.Toxaphene: A very complex, but reproducible mixture of at least 177 C10 polychloro derivatives, having an approximate overall empirical formula of C10-H10-Cl8. It is used as an insecticide and may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen: Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985). (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Propoxur: A carbamate insecticide.Dieldrin: An organochlorine insecticide whose use has been cancelled or suspended in the United States. It has been used to control locusts, tropical disease vectors, in termite control by direct soil injection, and non-food seed and plant treatment. (From HSDB)Potassium Iodide: An inorganic compound that is used as a source of iodine in thyrotoxic crisis and in the preparation of thyrotoxic patients for thyroidectomy. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Chlorpyrifos: An organothiophosphate cholinesterase inhibitor that is used as an insecticide and as an acaricide.Skin Absorption: Uptake of substances through the SKIN.Pesticides: Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.Naphthalenes: Two-ring crystalline hydrocarbons isolated from coal tar. They are used as intermediates in chemical synthesis, as insect repellents, fungicides, lubricants, preservatives, and, formerly, as topical antiseptics.Biodegradation, Environmental: Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.Administration, Cutaneous: The application of suitable drug dosage forms to the skin for either local or systemic effects.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Digestive System: A group of organs stretching from the MOUTH to the ANUS, serving to breakdown foods, assimilate nutrients, and eliminate waste. In humans, the digestive system includes the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT and the accessory glands (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).Soil Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the soil. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Biological Products: Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.Materia Medica: Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.Health Food: A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Consumer Product SafetyBhopal Accidental Release: 1984 accident in Bhopal, INDIA at a PESTICIDES facility, resulting when WATER entered a storage tank containing ISOCYANATES. The following accidental chemical release and uncontrolled reaction resulted in several thousand deaths.Isocyanates: Organic compounds that contain the -NCO radical.Pseudomonas: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria widely distributed in nature. Some species are pathogenic for humans, animals, and plants.Industry: Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.Men's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of men.Urbanization: The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.Toxicity Tests, Chronic: Experiments designed to determine the potential toxic effects of a long-term exposure to a chemical or chemicals.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Fluorescence Polarization Immunoassay: Fluoroimmunoassay where detection of the hapten-antibody reaction is based on measurement of the increased polarization of fluorescence-labeled hapten when it is combined with antibody. The assay is very useful for the measurement of small haptenic antigens such as drugs at low concentrations.Fluorescence Polarization: Measurement of the polarization of fluorescent light from solutions or microscopic specimens. It is used to provide information concerning molecular size, shape, and conformation, molecular anisotropy, electronic energy transfer, molecular interaction, including dye and coenzyme binding, and the antigen-antibody reaction.Immunoassay: A technique using antibodies for identifying or quantifying a substance. Usually the substance being studied serves as antigen both in antibody production and in measurement of antibody by the test substance.Enzyme Multiplied Immunoassay Technique: An immunoenzyme test for the presence of drugs and other substances in urine and blood. The test uses enzyme linked antibodies that react only with the particular drug for which the sample is being tested.Digoxin: A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)Satellite Imagery: Composition of images of EARTH or other planets from data collected during SPACE FLIGHT by remote sensing instruments onboard SPACECRAFT. The satellite sensor systems measure and record absorbed, emitted, or reflected energy across the spectra, as well as global position and time.Pyrethrins: The active insecticidal constituent of CHRYSANTHEMUM CINERARIIFOLIUM flowers. Pyrethrin I is the pyretholone ester of chrysanthemummonocarboxylic acid and pyrethrin II is the pyretholone ester of chrysanthemumdicarboxylic acid monomethyl ester.Oryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.Helianthus: A genus herbs of the Asteraceae family. The SEEDS yield oil and are used as food and animal feed; the roots of Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) are edible.Solidago: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE known for allergenic pollen (ALLERGENS).KentuckyLepidoptera: A large order of insects comprising the butterflies and moths.Moths: Insects of the suborder Heterocera of the order LEPIDOPTERA.Pest Control, Biological: Use of naturally-occuring or genetically-engineered organisms to reduce or eliminate populations of pests.Larva: Wormlike or grublike stage, following the egg in the life cycle of insects, worms, and other metamorphosing animals.Malus: A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of the edible fruit (apple) and is cultivated in temperate climates worldwide.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Erwinia amylovora: A species of gram-negative bacteria, in the genus ERWINIA, causing a necrotic disease of plants.Phytoplasma: A genus of minute bacteria in the family ACHOLEPLASMATACEAE that inhabit phloem sieve elements of infected PLANTS and cause symptoms such as yellowing, phyllody, and witches' brooms. Organisms lack a CELL WALL and thus are similar to MYCOPLASMA in animals. They are transmitted by over 100 species of INSECTS especially leafhoppers, planthoppers, and PSYLLIDS.Soil: The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.

Involvement of two plasmids in the degradation of carbaryl by Arthrobacter sp. strain RC100. (1/48)

A bacterium capable of utilizing carbaryl (1-naphthyl N-methylcarbamate) as the sole carbon source was isolated from carbaryl-treated soil. This bacterium was characterized taxonomically as Arthrobacter and was designated strain RC100. RC100 hydrolyzes the N-methylcarbamate linkage to 1-naphthol, which was further metabolized via salicylate and gentisate. Strain RC100 harbored three plasmids (designated pRC1, pRC2, and pRC3). Mutants unable to degrade carbaryl arose at a high frequency after treating the culture with mitomycin C. All carbaryl-hydrolysis-deficient mutants (Cah-) lacked pRC1, and all 1-naphthol-utilization-deficient mutants (Nat-) lacked pRC2. The plasmid-free strain RC107 grew on gentisate as a carbon source. These two plasmids could be transferred to Cah- mutants or Nat- mutants by conjugation, resulting in the restoration of the Cah and Nah phenotypes.  (+info)

Mitotic aberrations induced by carbaryl reflect tyrosine kinase inhibition with coincident up-regulation of serine/threonine protein phosphatase activity: implications for coordination of karyokinesis and cytokinesis. (2/48)

The insecticide carbaryl and its metabolite 1-naphthol cause partial uncoupling of karyokinesis and cytokinesis in V79 Chinese hamster fibroblasts; karyokinesis is blocked in metaphase, the microtubules of the spindle depolymerize and the chromosomes and spindle remnants become displaced to the periphery of the cell. A high frequency of these disturbed cells elongate and a smaller fraction initiate a cleavage furrow. Here, we attempt to determine the potential targets for carbaryl and 1-naphthol in cytokinesis-specific signalling, led by the fact that the potential protein phosphatase inhibitor 1-naphthyl phosphate was previously identified in treated cells. We found that the typical cytological pattern induced by carbaryl and 1-naphthol could be obtained with tyrphostins, specific tyrosine kinase inhibitors, indicating that the carbaryl-induced effects could be due to tyrosine kinase inhibition. This was confirmed by tyrosine kinase assays showing that carbaryl, 1-naphthol and 2-naphthol were equally efficient at inhibiting tyrosine kinase activity as tyrphostin B44(-). As tyrosine kinases can act as regulatory factors in determining dephosphorylation rates, the activities of type-1 (PP1) and type-2A (PP2A) serine/threonine protein phosphatases were also determined. There was a clear up-regulation of the overall PP1/PP2A activities in cells treated with carbaryl, 1-naphthol or tyrphostin B44(-). This stimulation was shown to be indirect because these compounds had no effect on the activity of purified human PP1 in the test tube. 2-Naphthol, which has been found to be less efficient with regard to displacement of chromatin, did not cause up-regulation, but a significant decrease in PP1/PP2A activity. We suggest that a net decrease in tyrosine kinase activity in combination with a net increase in PP1/PP2A activity is a precondition for cell elongation and cytokinesis in mammalian cells and that the corresponding enzymes are targets in the network of activities serving to coordinate karyokinesis and cytokinesis.  (+info)

Predator-induced stress makes the pesticide carbaryl more deadly to gray treefrog tadpoles (Hyla versicolor). (3/48)

Global declines in amphibians likely have multiple causes, including widespread pesticide use. Our knowledge of pesticide effects on amphibians is largely limited to short-term (4-d) toxicity tests conducted under highly artificial conditions to determine lethal concentrations (LC50). We found that if we used slightly longer exposure times (10-16 d), low concentrations of the pesticide carbaryl (3-4% of LC50(4-d)) killed 10-60% of gray treefrog (Hyla versicolor) tadpoles. If predatory cues also were present, the pesticide became 2-4 times more lethal, killing 60-98% of tadpoles. Thus, under more realistic conditions of increased exposure times and predatory stress, current application rates for carbaryl can potentially devastate gray treefrog populations. Further, because predator-induced stress is ubiquitous in animals and carbaryl's mode of action is common to many pesticides, these negative impacts may be widespread in nature.  (+info)

Dermal absorption and distribution of (14)C carbaryl in Wistar rats. (4/48)

The level of (14)C carbaryl was determined in blood (leukocytes, erythrocytes, all blood cells, plasma) and organs (brain, heart, lungs, liver, spleen, skin at the site of exposure) of male Wistar rats after dermal administration. The application liquid was (14)C carbaryl solution in 96% ethyl alcohol. This preparation, possessing an activity of 670 kBq/ml, containing 1.67 mg of carbaryl, was applied to the skin of the tail according to Massmann's method in own modification. The amount of the preparation per 1 cm(2) of the tail skin was 0.19 mg of carbaryl (74.4 kBq). The tails of experimental rats were exposed to (14)C carbaryl by soaking for 4 h daily: once, twice or three times. Beta radiation from (14)C was measured in homogenized organs (brain, heart, lungs, liver, skin) and in blood by computer controlled Wallac scintillation counter Model 1409, using Multi Calc software. The dermal absorption of carbaryl at the site of exposure and in the surrounding area of about 2 cm was observed already during 4 hour exposure. Carbaryl reached plasma within 4 h of a single dermal exposure and penetrated into leukocytes, erythrocytes, heart, liver, lung, kidney and brain. The largest amount of (14)C carbaryl, about 2% of absorbed dose, was detected in liver  (+info)

Histological and ultrastructural studies of rats exposed to carbaryl. (5/48)

The aim of the study was to assess the general toxic effects of dermally applied carbaryl, based on histological and ultrastructural examinations of internal organs and to relate these effects to earlier own studies where 14C carbaryl was used for determining the pesticide penetration. The pesticide was applied in doses of 1/5 and 1/10 LD50, administered to the tail skin of male Wistar rats 4 hours daily, for 4 weeks except Saturdays and Sundays. After the experiment, the animals were anaesthetized and the following organs were taken for histological study: brain, lung, heart, liver, kidney, skin from the site of exposure and skin from a place at least 2 cm distant from the exposure site. Lung, liver, kidney, heart and skin were used for ultrastructural studies. Dermal application of carbaryl resulted only in slight histological changes in skin, liver, brain and lung. Even in brain and liver, where large amounts of 14C carbaryl, compared to other organs (lung, kidney, heart), where the intensity of histologic changes was earlier stated to below. Ultrastructural changes were observed in skin, liver, lung, heart and kidney.  (+info)

Nucleotide sequence and genetic structure of a novel carbaryl hydrolase gene (cehA) from Rhizobium sp. strain AC100. (6/48)

Rhizobium sp. strain AC100, which is capable of degrading carbaryl (1-naphthyl-N-methylcarbamate), was isolated from soil treated with carbaryl. This bacterium hydrolyzed carbaryl to 1-naphthol and methylamine. Carbaryl hydrolase from the strain was purified to homogeneity, and its N-terminal sequence, molecular mass (82 kDa), and enzymatic properties were determined. The purified enzyme hydrolyzed 1-naphthyl acetate and 4-nitrophenyl acetate indicating that the enzyme is an esterase. We then cloned the carbaryl hydrolase gene (cehA) from the plasmid DNA of the strain and determined the nucleotide sequence of the 10-kb region containing cehA. No homologous sequences were found by a database homology search using the nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequences of the cehA gene. Six open reading frames including the cehA gene were found in the 10-kb region, and sequencing analysis shows that the cehA gene is flanked by two copies of insertion sequence-like sequence, suggesting that it makes part of a composite transposon.  (+info)

The use of the radioisotope method in studies of pesticide penetration into the eyeball. (7/48)

The studies concerning the effects of pesticides on the human body focused mainly on their local action or chronic poisoning of the organism. In this study we examine the pesticide penetration into the eyeball resulting from direct contact with the eye. We used an isotope-labelled carbamate pesticide -- carbaryl. The determinations of the amount and concentration of this substance in the cornea, aqueous humour, vitreous humour and retina were performed using the method measuring beta radiation emitted by radioactive carbon. The results revealed measurable concentrations of labelled carbamate in the cornea and aqueous humour 10 and 30 min after application. The levels of this pesticide in the vitreous humour and retina were very low and difficult to analyse statistically. The described method appears to be useful in determining the range and rate of eye penetration by environmental toxins having direct contact with the eyeball.  (+info)

Urinary levels of insecticide metabolites and DNA damage in human sperm. (8/48)

BACKGROUND: Members of the general population are exposed to non-persistent insecticides at low levels. The present study explored whether environmental exposures to carbaryl and chlorpyrifos are associated with DNA damage in human sperm. METHODS: Subjects (n=260) were recruited through a Massachusetts infertility clinic. Individual exposures were measured as spot urinary metabolite concentrations of chlorpyrifos [3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCPY)] and carbaryl [1-naphthol (1N)], adjusted using specific gravity. Sperm DNA integrity was assessed by neutral comet assay and reported as comet extent, percentage DNA in comet tail (Tail%) and tail distributed moment (TDM). RESULTS: A statistically significant increase in Tail% was found for an interquartile range (IQR) increase in both 1N [coefficient=4.1; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.9-6.3] and TCPY (2.8; 0.9-4.6), while a decrease in TDM was associated with IQR changes in 1N (-2.2; -4.9 to 0.5) and TCPY (-2.5; -4.7 to -0.2). A negative correlation between Tail% and TDM was present only when stratified by comet extent, suggesting that Tail% and TDM may measure different types of DNA damage within comet extent strata. CONCLUSIONS: Environmental exposure to carbaryl and chlorpyrifos may be associated with increased DNA damage in human sperm, as indicated by a change in comet assay parameters.  (+info)

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Researchers explore how soil-improving Pseudomonas bacteria digest carbaryl. The memories of the Bhopal gas tragedy that claimed thousands of lives and injured a few lakhs of people, haunts us even after three decades. The culprit was a toxic gas used to produce a pesticide called Carbaryl, in the Union Carbide India Limited Factory. Sadly, the use of Carbaryl continued amid growing concerns about its side effects. The need to completely remove it from the environment or break it down into less harmful substances is of primary importance. Dr Phale and his team from the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), and collaborator Dr Sharma from Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (CSIR-IGIB), Delhi, have achieved a significant breakthrough in identifying bacteria which can clean up this pesticide from the environment and understanding exactly how the breakdown occurs.. Carbaryl, most commonly sold under the trade name Sevin was a preferred pesticide for agricultural as well ...
Fluorescence polarization immunoassays (FPIA) were developed for the determination of pesticides triazophos and carbaryl in wheat grains using the portable FPIA device Sentry 200 (Ellie). FPIA of carbaryl was developed first. Tracers for FPIA were synthesized and their structures were confirmed via mass spectrometr
Article Ascentis™ RP-Amide for the Analysis of Pesticides. Application Report 209 Analysis of the Pesticides Carbaryl, Diuron, and Propachlor Using Ascentis™ RP-Amide This application demonstrates the suitability of the Ascentis RP-Amide for ...
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I have a couple Zinnias and two Rose bushes that are starting to get Japanese Beetles eating them. I bought the Sevin concentrate. The directions say to mix only as much as youre going to use. Why? I was going to mix about 14 ounces of Sevin/water. I wont be able to
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GardenTech Sevin-5 is a ready-to-use dust formula containing carbaryl, which kills numerous garden pests and other arthropods. Although its not labelled for indoor use because of its toxicity, ...
Need to know right away. Can I use both of these products on them or something else? If somethig else, WHAT??? Ive taken care of the chickens, so...
Averette HE, Lovecchio JL, Townsend PA, Sevin BU, Girtanner RE et al. (1983) Retroperitoneal lymphatic involvement by ovarian carcinoma. In: Grundmann E (ed) Cancer Campaign. Carcinoma of the ovary. Vol 7. Fischer, Stuttgart p 101Google Scholar ...
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A model is developed to describe the decay of seven insecticides on stored paddy rice, maize, sunflowers and peas, and is shown to be more precise than each of six literature models on pesticide decay. It relates residues (R), as a ratio of applied concentration (R0), to time after insecticide application (t), modifying the usual first-order kinetics equation lnR=lnR0−kt by assuming that the rate constant k has a mixture of values according to a gamma distribution with mean K. The resulting equation is lnR=lnR0−Kc ln(1+t/c), where c is a constant determined empirically. For large c, this model reduces to the first-order model with K=k. The parameter K is further modelled as linear in temperature for maize and rice. The rate of loss of protectants was found not to be seriously affected by co-application with other insecticides, and this is a useful finding for future studies on rates of loss of grain protectants. The apparent rate of loss was also not seriously affected by the method of ...
Figure 6. Japanese beetle trap (Author-Raymond Cloyd, KSU). is not recommended since the floral lure and synthetically-derived sex pheromone (Figure 7) may attract more adults into an area than would "normally" occur. Japanese beetle adults may also feed on roses before reaching the traps, which increases potential damage.. Figure 7. Floral lure (on left) and sex pheromone (on right) associated with Japanese beetle trap (Author-Raymond Cloyd, KSU) (PICTURE NOT SHOWN). Spray applications of contact insecticides will kill Japanese beetle adults. However, repeat applications will be required; especially when populations are excessive. In addition, thorough coverage of all plant parts will increase effectiveness of the application. The insecticide carbaryl (Sevin®) and several pyrethroid-based insecticides including those containing bifenthrin or cyfluthrin as the active ingredient can be used to suppress Japanese beetle adult populations. However, most of these insecticides also directly harm many ...
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The good news is that there are various things you can do to fix it. Besides the technical ones (which would need an entire book), there are also those that depend on human nature. Apple has posted a potential fix for those experience flickering Thunderbolt displays and the fix hasnt been publicly announced but has been provided to users seeking help on the issue at Apples Discussion Forums. You can find details for SMC resets on other Macs here, and Apple has directions for other machines. Enable or Disable Zoom/Magnifier on Your Apple Watch. The M-Audio M-Track 2X2 Vocal Studio Pro has everything you need right out of the box to set up your own recording studio and unleash your creativity, including a 2-channel audio interface, condenser microphone, cables and even recording and production software. The display is still full length of the page. Other reasons for no fruit include tree age, and the use of the insecticide carbaryl during bloom. YES - there is a little bit of lag time with the ...
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1-Naphthol 2-hydroxylase (1-NH) which catalyzes the conversion of 1-naphthol to 1,2-dihydroxynaphthalene was purified to homogeneity from carbaryl-degrading Pseudomonas sp. strain C6. The enzyme was found to be a homodimer with subunit molecular weight of 66 kDa. UV, visible and fluorescence spectral properties, identification of flavin moiety by HPLC as FAD, and reconstitution of apoenzyme by FAD suggest that enzyme is FAD-dependent. 1-NH accepts electron from NADH as well as NADPH. Besides 1-naphthol (K (m), 9.1 mu M), the enzyme also accepts 5-amino 1-naphthol (K (m), 6.4 mu M) and 4-chloro 1-naphthol (K (m), 2.3 mu M) as substrates. Enzyme showed substrate inhibition phenomenon at high concentration of 1-naphthol (K (i), 283 mu M). Stoichiometric consumption of oxygen and NADH, and biochemical properties suggest that 1-NH belongs to FAD containing external flavomonooxygenase group of oxido-reductase class of enzymes. Based on biochemical and kinetic properties, 1-NH from Pseudomonas sp. ...
Appendix A. Effects of single and combined effects of ammonium nitrate fertilizer, the insecticide carbaryl, overwintered bullfrog tadpoles, and bluegill sunfish on amphibian community and on the bullfrogs and bluegill used as treatments. Univariate treatments for mass and time include only those that were significant in the MANOVA.. TABLE A1. Multivariate and univariate ANOVA for the metamorphic response (which includes mass and time to metamorphosis), survival, evenness, and species diversity.. ...
The need to obtain expeditious results in control analyses of complex mixtures has turned multivariate calibration procedures into major choices for routine analyses. The inherent complexity of the calibration process and the practical need for analyses to be carried out as near the manufacturing line as possible occasionally entail calibrating with a different instrument from that subsequently employed for the analytical measurements proper. This paper exposes the problems potentially arising in transferring calibrations between diode array UV-Vis spectrophotometers. Basically, such problems originate in wavelength differences between spectrophotometers, even if they meet the manufacturers specifications and the pharmacopoeia recommendations. We developed a straightforward method for harmonizing instrumental responses on the basis of reference wavelengths corresponding to zero values in the first-derivative spectra for potassium dichromate and benzoic acid standards. The method was applied to ...
The ornamental sweet potato vine is sometimes attacked by flea beetles; these make smaller sized holes and are active for about a month. As long as the plant is growing well, they will not kill it although the damage can be unsightly. Flea beetles can be treated with carbaryl (Sevin). Larger holes could be the work of a caterpillar, these can be controlled by handpicking or with Bt (such as Dipel) or spinosad. There are occasionally beetles that attack this plant, they can be handpicked or try carbaryl (such as Sevin.) You can certainly try the garlic and see if it helps ...
The Global 2 - naphthol Market 2017-2022 industry, Starting with a broad overview, the report by ASKCI Research narrows down to offer an overview of the 2 - naphthol Industry globally as well as with a specific focus on Manufactures. By conducting a check of the current status of the 2 - naphthol in Globe 2017-2022 Industry, the report is able to then delve deeper into the various forces that directly and indirectly impact the Industry.. Read Complete [email protected] www.marketresearchstore.com/report/market-research-on-2-naphthol-industry-in-china-107587. The Research report explores the global 2 - naphthol market size (volume and value), and the segment markets by regions, types, applications and companies are also discussed. Global 2 - naphthol Market 2017-2022 Forecast industry statistics, valuable source of guidance and direction for companies and individuals interested in the market 2016-2022.. Research Report Given the ever-shifting and ever-evolving nature of the technologies that enable the ...
5-Amino-2-Naphthol 86-97-5 NMR spectrum, 5-Amino-2-Naphthol H-NMR spectral analysis, 5-Amino-2-Naphthol C-NMR spectral analysis ect.
BHAVDEEP K. PATEL and KEYUR M. PANDYA,"Interpenetrating Polymer Networks Based on Acetone-Formaldehyde-1,5-Dihydroxynaphthalene Resin and Their Glass Reinforcement," Chem Sci Trans.,2013,2(1), pp 336-342 ...
Njegov mehanizem delovanja je podoben nekaterim pogosto uporabljenim insekticidom, kot so malationa.[5]Z vidika biološke aktivnosti pa spominja na karbamat insekticiode, kot so Sevin in zdravila pyridostigmin, neostigmin in fizostigmin. Tako kot druga živčna zdravila sarin napade živčni sistem.[6] [7]. Natančneje je sarin močan zaviralec encima holinesteraze. Sarin deluje na holinesteraze s tvorjenjem kovalentne vezi z določenimi serinskimi ostanki na aktivno mesto. Fluorid je nato zapuščena skupina in posledično rezultat je phosphoester, ki je robusten vendar biološko neaktiven. Z encim zaviral, acetilholin kopiči v sinapse in še naprej tako deluje, da so vsi živčni impulzi v bistvu ves čas v prenašanju. Običajno acetylcholinesteras pokvari acetilholin kot sinaptično razcepljen, da se omogoči efektor na mišicah ali organu, da se sprosti. ...
Naphthol AS-LC acetate | C21H18ClNO5 | CID 81550 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
Ravyon information about active ingredients, pharmaceutical forms and doses, Ravyon indications, usages and related health products lists
Sevin Dust And Pets Kitten And Dog Giardiasis And Coccidiosis In Puppies Whole Dog Journal Puppy At Risk For Giardia And Coccidia ...
To begin with, the report elaborates 1-Naphthol Market overview. Various definitions and classification of the industry, applications of industry and chain structure are given. Present day status of the 1-Naphthol Market in key regions is. stated and industry policies and news are analysed.. Browse Detailed TOC, Tables, Figures, Charts and Companies Mentioned in 1-Naphthol Market @. http://www.360marketupdates.com/europe-1-naphthol-market-report-2016-10357140. Next part of the 1-Naphthol Market analysis report speaks about the manufacturing process. The process is analysed. thoroughly with respect three points, viz. raw material and equipment suppliers, various manufacturing associated. costs (material cost, labour cost, etc.) and the actual process.. Top key players of industry are covered in 1-Naphthol Market Research Report:. ...
Aldrich-595721; (R)-(+)-3,3′-Dibromo-1,1′-bi-2-naphthol 0.97; CAS No.: 111795-43-8; Synonyms: (R)-3,3′-Dibromo-1,1′-bi-2-naphthol; (R)-3,3′-Dibromo-[1,1′-Binaphthalene]-2,2′-diol; (R)-Dibromo-1,1′-Bi-2,2′-naphthol; (R)-Dibromo-1,1′-Binaphthalene-2,2′-diol; (R)-Dibromo-1,1-Binaphthol; (R)-Dibromo-BINOL; (R)-Dibromo-bi-2-naphthol; Linear Formula: C20H12Br2O2
In previous studies, we have shown the exclusive expression of the Xtr gene in germ line cells of Xenopus and the occurrence of Xtr in germ line cells as well as early embryonic cells as a maternal factor (Ikema et al. 2002; Hiyoshi et al. 2005). Loss-of-function of Xtr in fertilized eggs using anti-Xtr antibody caused the lack of chromosome condensation and microtubule assembly, resulting in cleavage arrest (Hiyoshi et al. 2005). Since Xtr is a member of mRNP complex associated with mRNAs encoding the proteins such as XL-INCENP and RCC1 (Mostafa et al. 2009), which play an important role in karyokinesis (Ohtsubo et al. 1989; Mackay et al. 1998; Adams et al. 2001), the inhibition of karyokinesis progression induced by ablation of Xtr function was expected to be ascribable to translational suppression of these mRNAs. In Xenopus spermatogenesis, the amount of Xtr increases immediately after spermatogenic cells enter into meiotic phase (Hiyoshi et al. 2005). Therefore, Xtr was also thought to be ...
Someone asked me the other day what it means to be an "organic gardener", and thats a good question. I would say that you must first recognize that most destructive or invasive insects can be controlled by beneficial insects or, as in the case with Japanese Beetles, by methods that kill off or divert the JBs from their target food, such as roses. In other words, going organic means making a commitment to stop using insecticides, in order to stop killing-off the beneficial insects that then kill-off the destructive insects you are targeting. A simple example is having an infestation of aphids and believing (correctly) that you can squirt them off the plants with a sharp stream of water a few times, while awaiting the arrival of lady beetles which will take them out permanently. However, if you succumb to the knee-jerk reaction of spraying insecticidal soap or something stronger like carbaryl (Sevin), you will kill off both the lady beetles and the aphids, which will surely return and have no ...
Pyrethrins and Permethrin are the two main ingredients. It is made by Allerderm. My vet has been wonderful with our g.ps (they are his pet of choice as well - he has two) and Im not questioning his advice at all but was just curious if anyone else had heard of this product or used it at all. He told me earlier (before I picked up this stuff) that a lot of the sprays, dusts etc were toxic to G.Ps so Im sure he looked into its safety. He said that a dust to use (this was if I could still see active lice) was a product called Sevin that is mainly used for cows but is approved for Guinea Pigs. I live in Canada so maybe these products are only sold here ...
PHILADELPHUS INSECTS Aphids suck plant juices and coat the leaves with sticky honeydew. Spray with Sevin, rotenone, acephate or malathion.
Sevin Philips, 48, died on January 7, from meningococcal meningitis. SoulCycle had its staff do a 'deep clean' on the Marin, Larkspur, California studio, where Philips visited before he died.
Gentaur molecular products has all kinds of products like :search , Nacala \ 1_ Amino_ 2_ naphthol_ 4_ sulfonic Acid \ 02212-12 for more molecular products just contact us
0106] Among dihydroxy compounds serving as a raw material of the polycarbonate resin, examples of aromatic dihydroxy compounds serving as a raw material of the aromatic polycarbonate resin include: [0107] dihydroxybenzenes, such as [0108] 1,2-dihydroxybenzene, [0109] 1,3-dihydroxybenzene (or resorcinol), and [0110] 1,4-dihydroxybenzene, [0111] dihydroxybiphenyls, such as [0112] 2,5-dihydroxybiphenyl, [0113] 2,2-dihydroxybiphenyl, and [0114] 4,4-dihydroxybiphenyl, [0115] dihydroxynaphthalenes, such as [0116] 2,2-dihydroxy-1,1-binaphthyl, [0117] 1,2-dihydroxynaphthalene, [0118] 1,3-dihydroxynaphthalene, [0119] 2,3-dihydroxynaphthalene, [0120] 1,6-dihydroxynaphthalene, [0121] 2,6-dihydroxynaphthalene, [0122] 1,7-dihydroxynaphthalene, and [0123] 2,7-dihydroxynaphthalene, [0124] dihydroxydiaryl ethers, such as [0125] 2,2-dihydroxydiphenyl ether, [0126] 3,3-dihydroxydiphenyl ether, [0127] 4,4-dihydroxydiphenyl ether, [0128] 4,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyldiphenyl ether, [0129] ...
In Egypt, chemical insecticides are used repeatedly in mosquito control programs leading to increase insect resistance in the field especially against carbamate, Organophosphates and Pyrethroids, B.t.i. strains are restrictly used. In order to find a quick method for detecting elevation of resistance to the old insecticides or newly used biological insecticides, our research correlated between level of detoxifying and serine enzyme activity with elevation of resistance in Culex pipiens larvae against carbamate, DP and biological insecticides. Results proved that α and β-esterases showed decrease during early formation of resistance when using both carbamate and OP insecticides while no great change in B.t.i. resistant generations. Glutathione S- transferase showed positive significant difference between susceptible and carbamate and OP and B.t.i. resistance populations. Serine protease were good indicators for measuring OP and B.t.i. resistance elevation.. ...
UCIL used to manufacture three different kinds of pesticides: Carbaryl (trade name Sevin), Aldicarb (trade name Temik) and a formulation of Carbaryl and gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (trade name Sevidol). The plant also used heavy metals like mercury and chromium. Most of these products and elements are persistent and toxic. The CSE laboratory chose the same chemicals for its tests.. In October this year, one water and eight soil samples were collected from various places inside the factory. Eleven more water samples came from locations outside, ranging from colonies next to the factorys boundary to those 3.5 km away.. All the samples collected from within the factory were found to be highly contaminated. The waste stored within the premises had Carbaryl content of 9,856 parts per million (ppm) and mercury content of 1,065 ppm. The soil sample near the Sevidol plant had 2,782 ppm of Lindane; soil from solar evaporation pond had chromium content of 1,065 ppm, while that from the Sevin plant had ...
Flotation reagents, especially new chelating agents represented by α-nitroso-β-naphthol, are the main components of cobalt mining drainage. This study reports the degradation of α-nitroso-β-naphthol by simulated UVA-B (280-400 nm) activated systems using three common oxidants, hydrogen peroxide, sodium persulfate and potassium monopersulfate at a laboratory scale using a photoreactor. Parameters which can affect the degradation process were investigated and comparison of the degradation performance of the three systems were made. Based on the results, UVA-B/sodium persulfate system exhibited best performance towards the removal of α-nitroso-β-naphthol with a lower cost of oxidant and energy consumption compared to the others. The removal efficiency was found to increase as the oxidant dosage and the UVA-B power increases. Only potassium monopersulfate could be activated by bicarbonate and chloride ions, and SO4 2− has insignificant effect on the removal efficiency of ...
4-Chloro-1-naphthol 99%, ACROS Organics™ 5g; Glass bottle 4-Chloro-1-naphthol 99%, ACROS Organics™ Chloromethylq to Chloronitroc -Organics
6-Bromo-2-naphthol, 97%, ACROS Organics™ 100g; Glass bottle 6-Bromo-2-naphthol, 97%, ACROS Organics™ Bromomethylphenyl to Bromophenyla -Organics
In mammalian cardiomyocytes, terminal differentiation is thought to occur in 2 discernable phases.12 The first phase involves the uncoupling of cytokinesis from karyokinesis during a wave of DNA synthesis that occurs soon after birth. In mice, this results in binucleation of cardiomyocytes.12 The adult newt heart, which is capable of myocardial regeneration after injury, is composed of mono- and binucleated cardiomyocytes, and both can proliferate.22 This suggests that the uncoupling of karyokinesis from cytokinesis in the early postnatal period does not in itself signify terminal differentiation. The second phase, which also occurs in early postnatal life, is characterized by the near total inability of cardiomyocytes to reenter the cell cycle, even when the myocardium is injured or subjected to hemodynamic stress.2,3,23 We show here that c-kit is expressed by cardiomyocytes for only a few days, beginning immediately after birth and coinciding with the onset of their terminal differentiation. ...
Regarding managing them, young colonies of larvae can be pruned off or removed while they are resting in clusters on the main stem, especially in the evening or on cool nights, where this is practical. As for insecticides, the B.t. based products (Dipel, Bioprotect, or BTK) are favoured by many because they are specific to caterpillars and will not kill beneficial insects, bees, etc. They are bacterial based insecticides that are quite specific and safe. Other options, if the trees are not flowering, include malathion, sevin, decis, and pounce. If using any of these, remember to check the labels for specific trees these products are registered for. And try to avoid using these on trees that are flowering, as they can be harmful to pollinators ...
Provide fine chemicals, building blocks and pharmaceutical intermediates. PI-18745 2-Nitro-1-naphthol (607-24-9) Synonym: 1-Hydroxy-2-nitronaphthalene Molecular Formula: C10H7NO3 Weight: 189.17 CAS No: 607-24-9 Appearance: Yellow crystal Purity:98.0% FM Point:127-131℃ Order online from laboratory chemical supplier and distributor.
we have developed a simple,efficient and more eco-friendly method for synthesis of chalcones by grindingtechnique. The notable advantages of present method are no organic solvent required (except for the product recrystallization), wasteminimization, simple operation, clean reaction profile, easy work-up, shorterreaction time (4-8 min.), high yields (84-95 %) and eco- friendly as comparedto conventional method.. ...
Iglauer, S. and Wu, Y. and Shuler, P. and Tang, Y. and Goddard III, W.A. 2011. Alkyl Polyglucoside/1-Naphthol Formulations: A Case Study of Surfactant Enhanced Oil Recovery. Tenside Surfactants Detergents. 48 (2): pp. 121-126 ...
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The Beacon Toxaphene in Soil Tube Kit is an enzyme immunoassay for the detection of toxaphene in soil. The Beacon Toxaphene Tube Kit permits reliable and rapid semi-quantitative screening for toxaphene at 2, 10 and 50 parts per million (ppm) in soil. ...
Roundup is toxic and lethal to amphibians. A study based in a natural setting found that Roundup application at the rate recommended by the manufacturer completely eliminated two species of tadpoles and nearly exterminated a third species, resulting in a 70 per cent decline in the species richness of tadpoles. The species richness of aquatic communities was reduced by 22 per cent with Roundup, a greater effect than was found with the insecticide Sevin or the herbicide 2,4-D. Contrary to common belief, the presence of soil does not mitigate the chemicals effects.24 Monsanto objected to the study on the grounds that the application rates were unrealistically high, that the concentrations tested would not occur in water in real-life conditions, and that the Roundup formulation tested is not intended for application over water.25 The researcher, Dr Rick Relyea, replied that the application rates corresponded to the manufacturers data. He added that the concentrations in water were at the higher ...
Beyond Pesticides, August 1, 2011) After sighting three Japanese beetles in the vicinity of Greenback Lane and Fair Oaks Boulevard in Sacramento County, California, state officials are scheduled to spray pesticides linked to cancer, reproductive and neurological effects. On August 2, the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA) is scheduled to begin ground applications of carbaryl on fruit-bearing trees, and cyfluthrin on non-fruit-bearing trees and landscape plants in attempts to stave of attacks from the voracious Japanese beetle. Japanese beetles, a threat to turf grass as well as ornamental plants such as roses and cut flowers, have been detected in the Fair Oaks area, state officials said, but the "˜infestation appears to be localized. To keep the "˜infestation from spreading countywide, Juli Jensen, Acting Agricultural Commissioner, is urging residents in the area not to move plants or plant parts. The initial treatments will be directed at adult beetles and begins August 2 ...
AbstractDummy molecularly imprinted mesoporous silicates (MIMS-2) were made by co-condensation of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) with precursors of bi-functional mimic of 2-naphthol, 2,7-dihydroxynaphthalene, around triblock copolymer surfactant Pluronic (P123) micelles. The bi-functional template was linked to two functional monomers through thermally cleavable covalent bonds to generate imprint precursor. This provides the possibility of incorporating the target into the cross-linked mesoporous silicate matrix in the non-ionic surfactant templated sol-gel process. P123 was eluted by ethanol extraction and template molecules were removed by refluxing the materials in a mixture of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and water. MIMS-1 was prepared similarly except that 2-naphthol was used as template instead of 2,7-dihydroxynaphthalene. Solid phase extraction studies showed that MIMS-2 exhibited good retention and selectivity for 2-naphthol among its structural analogues. The mono-functional molecule 2-naphthol
3) fatigue, but also one of the symptoms of cirrhosis, the extent of feeling tired from mild to severe fatigue, consistent with the activity level of liver disease. Produced weak due to: symptoms of cirrhosis of the liver to eat less calories; carbohydrates, protein, fat and other intermediate metabolic disorder, caused by lack of energy production is also symptoms of cirrhosis of the liver; liver damage or poor when bile , blood cholinesterase decreased, affecting the nerves, muscles of the normal physiological function of these are symptoms of cirrhosis of the liver; into lactic acid that barriers to the process of glycogen, muscle activity, excessive lactic acid accumulation ...
The reaction of 2-naphthols with aziridines in the presence of AgOTf resulting in a dehydrative, formal [3+2] annulation is reported. The reaction allows the synthesis of functionalized benzoindolines, and tolerates a broad range of functional groups. A preliminary study on the mechanism of this reaction ind
... INTRODUCTION In this lab, you will determine the approximate time it takes for plant and animal cells to pass through each of the four stages of mitosis. You will do this by counting the number of onion root tip cells and whitefish blastula cells in each of the four phases of mitosis and in interphase. Many cells in one specific phase indicate that a long period of time is required for completion of that phase. Few cells in a specific phase indicate a short period of time is required for completion of that phase. Mitosis, also called karyokinesis, is division of the nucleus and its chromosomes. It is followed by division of the cytoplasm known as cytokinesis. Both mitosis and cytokinesis are parts of the life of a cell called the cell cycle. Most of the life of a cell is spent in a non-dividing phase called Interphase. Interphase includes G1 stage in which the newly divided cells grow in size, S stage in which the number of chromosomes is doubled and ...
Little is known of the occurrence of pesticides in urban streams compared to streams draining agricultural areas. Water samples from eight urban streams from across the United States were analyzed for 75 pesticides and seven transformation products. For six of the eight urban streams, paired agricultural streams were used for comparisons. The herbicides detected most frequently in the urban streams were prometon, simazine, atrazine, tebuthiuron, and metolachlor, and the insecticides detected most frequently were diazinon, carbaryl, chlorpyrifos, and malathion. In contrast to similar-sized agricultural streams, total insecticide concentrations commonly exceeded total herbicide concentrations in these urban streams. In general, the temporal concentration patterns in the urban streams were consistent with the characteristics of the local growing season. The insecticides carbaryl and diazinon exceeded criteria for the protection of aquatic life in many of the urban streams in the spring and summer. ...
The use of other insecticides may be necessary to control this pest, but it is important to use products that will not be detrimental to the natural enemies. Products such as Bayer Advanced Tree and Shrub Insect Control (imidacloprid) and Spectricide Tree and Insect Control may be applied to the soil. Other products available for homeowner use include Ortho Bug-B-Gon (bifenthrin), Bayer Advanced Rose and Flower Insect Killer (cyfluthrin), Sevin (carbaryl), Malathion, and others. These products may also be harmful to the natural enemies of the whitefly so consult with your gardener or a retailer that sells these products. All of the above products can be found at garden centers and hardware stores ...
Requests for Single Reprints: Zahir Amoura, Service de Médecine Interne, Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, 47-83 boulevard de lHôpital, 75013 Paris, France; e-mail, [email protected] Requests To Purchase Bulk Reprints (minimum, 100 copies): the Reprints Coordinator; phone, 215-351-2657; e-mail, [email protected] Current Author Addresses: Drs. Costedoat-Chalumeau, Amoura, Wechsler, Cacoub, Huong Du, and Piette: Service de Médecine Interne, Groupe Hospitalier Universitaire Pitié-Salpêtrière, 47-83 boulevard de lHôpital, 75013 Paris, France.. Drs. Aymard and Diquet: Service de Pharmacologie, Groupe Hospitalier Universitaire Pitié-Salpêtrière, 47-83 boulevard de lHôpital, 75013 Paris, France.. Drs. Sevin and Ankri: Laboratoire dHémostase, Groupe Hospitalier Universitaire Pitié-Salpêtrière, 47-83 boulevard de lHôpital, 75013 Paris, France.. Author Contributions: Conception and design: N. Costedoat-Chalumeau, Z. Amoura, G. Aymard, A. Ankri, J.C. ...
Balasubramaniam, Bairavee (2013) The dramaturgy of ritual performances in Indian parliamentary debates. PhD thesis, University of Warwick. Bapir, Mohammed Ali (2016) How the political elite view democracy in deeply divided countries : the case of Iraq. PhD thesis, University of Warwick. Bermek, Sevinç (2012) The emergence and consolidation of the AKP and its impact on Turkish politics and society. PhD thesis, University of Warwick. Bernardi, Roberta (2008) A multivocal and multilevel institutionalist perspective to analyze information technology-enabled change in the public service in Africa. In: International Working Conference on Information Technology in the Service Economy - Challenges and Possibilities for the 21st Century, Ryerson Univ, Toronto, Canada, Aug 10-13, 2008. Published in: IFIP- International Federation for Information Processing, Vol.267 pp. 271-280. Bouris, Dimitris (2011) State-building without a state : the European Unions role in the occupied Palestinian territories after ...
Edmund Beecher Wilson in the US published An Atlas of Fertilization and Karyokinesis of the Ovum (hereafter called An Atlas) in 1895. The book presents photographs by photographer Edward Leaming that capture stages of fertilization, the fusion of sperm and egg and early development of sea urchin (Toxopneustes variegatus) ova, or egg cell. Prior to An Atlas, no one photographed of eggcell division in clear detail. Wilson obtained high quality images of egg cells by cutting the cells into thin sections and preserving them throughout different stages of development.. Format: Articles Subject: Publications, Reproduction ...
Edmund Beecher Wilson in the US published An Atlas of Fertilization and Karyokinesis of the Ovum (hereafter called An Atlas) in 1895. The book presents photographs by photographer Edward Leaming that capture stages of fertilization, the fusion of sperm and egg and early development of sea urchin (Toxopneustes variegatus) ova, or egg cell. Prior to An Atlas, no one photographed of eggcell division in clear detail. Wilson obtained high quality images of egg cells by cutting the cells into thin sections and preserving them throughout different stages of development.. Format: Articles Subject: Publications, Reproduction ...
The story behind our eLife paper: Nikolić, M. Z., Caritg, O., Jeng, Q., Johnson, J.-A., Sun, D., Howell, K. J., Brady, J. L., Laresgoiti, U., Allen, G., Butler, R., Zilbauer, M., Giangreco, A., Rawlins E.L. (2017). Human embryonic lung epithelial tips are multipotent progenitors that can be expanded in vitro as long-term self-renewing organoids. Elife[…] ...
Naphthol blue black, Acid Black 1. For collagen staining according to Van Gieson trichrome and for hemoglobin and hemosiderin staining according to Puchtler-Swear ...
1,4:3,6-Dianhydro-d-glucitol 2-carbamate 5-nitrate/ACM39698129 can be provided in Alfa Chemistry. We are dedicated to provide our customers the best products and services.
Cholinesterase activity in blood of laboratory rats was monitored. Rats were intoxicated with paraoxon at dosis of 0 - 65 - 125 - 170 - 250 - 500 nmol. The 250 nmol dose was found to be the LD50. An electrochemical sensor was found useful to provide information about cholinesterase activity. The decrease of cholinesterase activity was correlated to intoxication symptoms and mortality level. It was found that the symptoms of intoxication are not observed while at least 50% of cholinesterase activity in blood remains. The minimal cholinesterase activity essential to survival is around 10%, when compared with the initial state. No changes in levels of low moleculary weight antioxidants were observed.
Dit rapport maakt deel uit van een project om Quantitative Species-Sensitivity Relationships (QSSRs) te ontwikkelen. QSSRs kunnen de gevoeligheid van soorten voor chemische stoffen voorspellen. Daarvoor wordt de variatie in de gevoeligheid van soorten voor chemische stoffen bestudeerd. Voor deze studie zijn acute toxiciteitsgegevens van stoffen (pesticiden) voor vogels en zoogdieren gebruikt. Een statistische patroonherkenningstechniek, Principale Componenten Analyse, is gebruikt om patronen in de gegevens te vinden. De volgende conclusies kunnen worden getrokken. Net als in voorgaande studies kunnen de patronen in de toxiciteit van stoffen eenvoudig worden beschreven. Een ordening van stoffen van lage naar hoge toxiciteit verklaart ongeveer 65% van de totale variatie in de dataset. Voor de vogels waren fensulfothion en fenitrothion respectievelijk de meest en de minst toxische verbinding. Voor de zoogdieren waren dat respectievelijk isobenzan en carbaryl. Patronen in de gevoeligheid van soorten ...
"Genotoxic effects on spermatozoa of carbaryl-exposed workers". Toxicol. Sci. 85 (1): 615-23. doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfi066. PMID ...
... is a metabolite of the insecticide carbaryl and naphthalene. Along with TCPy, it has been shown to decrease ... Naprodoximinel Propranolol Bunamidine Carbaryl Sreekanth, R; Prasanthkumar, KP; Sunil Paul, MM; Aravind, UK; Aravindakumar, CT ... 1-Naphthol is a precursor to a variety of insecticides including carbaryl and pharmaceuticals including nadolol. It undergoes ...
Doddamani H, Ninnekar H (2001). "Biodegradation of carbaryl by a Micrococcus species". Curr Microbiol. 43 (1): 69-73. doi: ...
... and exposure to the insecticides fenvalerate and carbaryl also increase aneuploidy. Simmons, D. Peter Snustad, Michael J. (2006 ... "Genotoxic effects on spermatozoa of carbaryl-exposed workers". Toxicol. Sci. 85 (1): 615-23. doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfi066. PMID ...
"Genotoxic effects on spermatozoa of carbaryl-exposed workers". Toxicological Sciences. 85 (1): 615-23. doi:10.1093/toxsci/ ...
The insecticides fenvalerate and carbaryl have been reported to increase spermatozoa aneuploidy. Occupational exposure of ... Exposure of male workers to carbaryl increased DNA fragmentation in spermatozoa, and also increased sex chromosome disomy by ... "Genotoxic effects on spermatozoa of carbaryl-exposed workers". Toxicol. Sci. 85 (1): 615-23. doi:10.1093/toxsci/kfi066. PMID ...
Insecticides suitable for litter treatment include carbaryl, tetrachlorvinphos (stirofos). However, treatment is usually done ...
Short-lived insecticides such as carbaryl are commonly used; however they require costly reapplications. Research is indicating ...
Treatments with pyrethrin or carbaryl powder have been described. Mironov SV, Skirnisson K, Thorarinsdottir ST, Nielsen OK ( ...
It can be treated with either ivermectin, or carbaryl powder. Rabbits do not possess the same allergy-causing qualities as many ...
Currently, only one registered product, carbaryl, is effective against M. robiniae. It is applied in a single dose when adults ...
The acetylcholinesterase inhibitors were an organophosphate, Malathion and a carbamate, Carbaryl. The respiratory irritants ... Carbaryl, Acrolein and Benzaldehyde". Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 6 (4): 313-328. doi:10.1002/etc.5620060408. ...
In chemical control, Quinalphos, Chlorpyrifos, carbaryl, monocrotophos, endosulphan sprays are used. Neem seed kernel extract ...
Synthetic pyrethroids, or a carbamate chemical such as carbaryl are typical for this treatment. Diatomaceous earths as dust ...
The most common chemical control method used is carbaryl (typically sold as "Sevin Dust") bait. This bait kills both the Mormon ...
Chemicals such as DDT, BHC or Carbaryl can be used in required concentrations. "World Pyraloidea Database". Globiz.pyraloidea. ...
Ferrari, A (2011). "Effects of azinphos methyl and carbaryl on Rhinella arenarum larvae esterases and antioxidant enzymes". ... to azinphos methyl and carbaryl". Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 139 (4): 239-243. doi:10.1016/j.cca.2004.11.006. ... "Muscular and brain cholinesterase sensitivities to azinphos methyl and carbaryl in the juvenile rainbow trout Oncorhynchus ...
http://pmep.cce.cornell.edu/profiles/extoxnet/carbaryl-dicrotophos/carbophenothion-ext.html "Toxipedia page". Retrieved June 24 ...
carbaryl carbofuran methomyl [13] propoxur [14] acephate [15] azinphos-methyl Scott, Alex (August 4, 2008). "Europe Rejects ...
Control is mainly through chemical pesticides such as quinalphos 4D, carbaryl 5D in caterpillar stage. Natural enemies like ...
... is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, a diverse family of chemicals that includes sarin and carbaryl. Upon uptake ... They found that a combination of five widely used insecticides (carbaryl, chlorpyrifos, diazinon, endosulfan, and malathion) in ...
Control is usually attempted with carbaryl insecticide in the form of powder, liquid, and bait. Pyrethroids and boric acid are ...
So far, exposure to carbaryl, a substance found in common pesticides, has been shown to not kill the frogs, it does lower the ... "Effects of Chytrid and Carbaryl Exposure on Survival, Growth and Skin Peptide Defenses in Foothill Yellow-legged Frogs". ... "Effects of Chytrid and Carbaryl Exposure on Survival, Growth and Skin Peptide Defenses in Foothill Yellow-legged Frogs" (PDF) ...
Organophosphates are very toxic to Compsilura but remain tolerant to synthetic insecticides like carbaryl and permethrin. C. ...
Included in this group are aldicarb (Temik), carbofuran (Furadan), carbaryl (Sevin), ethienocarb, fenobucarb, oxamyl, and ...
WP Carbaryl Powder,US $ 1.2 - 7.8 / Kilogram, Acaricide, Biological Pesticide, Insecticide, Rodenticide, 63-25-2, Sevin ... Top Quality Agrochemical Pesticide Carbaryl Insecticide 99%TC 98%TC 85%WP 50%WP 25% ... Top Quality Agrochemical Pesticide Carbaryl Insecticide 99%TC 98%TC 85%WP 50%WP 25%WP Carbaryl Powder Powder/Granule: 100g,500g ... Top Quality Agrochemical Pesticide Carbaryl Insecticide 99%TC 98%TC 85%WP 50%WP 25%WP Carbaryl Powder ...
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Carbaryl (FAO/PL:CP/15) Carbaryl (FAO/PL:1967/M/11/1) Carbaryl (FAO/PL:1968/M/9/1) Carbaryl (FAO/PL:1969/M/17/1) Carbaryl (AGP: ... See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Carbaryl (EHC 153, 1994) Carbaryl (HSG 78, 1993) Carbaryl (ICSC) Carbaryl (PIM 147) ... b Carbaryl injected into the fruit in the greenhouse. c Carbaryl applied to the surface of the fruit in the field. d Carbaryl ... The values represent the sum of free carbaryl, combined carbaryl, conjugated naphthol and conjugated methylol carbaryl ...
Carbaryl (FAO/PL:CP/15) Carbaryl (FAO/PL:1967/M/11/1) Carbaryl (FAO/PL:1968/M/9/1) Carbaryl (FAO/PL:1969/M/17/1) Carbaryl (WHO ... See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Carbaryl (EHC 153, 1994) Carbaryl (HSG 78, 1993) Carbaryl (ICSC) Carbaryl (PIM 147) ... Carbaryl (Pesticide residues in food: 1976 evaluations) Carbaryl (Pesticide residues in food: 1977 evaluations) Carbaryl ( ... Even when carbaryl was applied at frequent intervals and rates above those recommended, TABLE I Carbaryl residues (ppm) present ...
Carbaryl is often produced using methyl isocyanate (MIC) as an intermediary. A leak of MIC used in the production of carbaryl ... Carbaryl Technical Fact Sheet - National Pesticide Information Center Carbaryl General Fact Sheet - National Pesticide ... Carbaryl is a cholinesterase inhibitor and is toxic to humans. It is classified as a likely human carcinogen by the United ... Carbaryl (1-naphthyl methylcarbamate) is a chemical in the carbamate family used chiefly as an insecticide. It is a white ...
Carbaryl wastewater treatment and the resource recycling of biomass as sludge by Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides (R. sphaeroides) ... Genome Analysis of Carbaryl-Degrading Strain Pseudomonas putida XWY-1.. Carbaryl was a widely used pesticide in the agriculture ... Carbaryl removal reached 100% after 5 days under the optimal group (3500 mg/L). Interestingly, carbaryl in the mixed wastewater ... Summary of "Carbaryl waste-water treatment by Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides.". Carbaryl wastewater treatment and the resource ...
See Also: Carbaryl (EHC 153, 1994) Carbaryl (IARC Summary & Evaluation, Volume 12, 1976) Carbaryl (ICSC) Carbaryl (PIM 147) ... Free and conjugated 1-naphthol will, however, appear in urine after exposure to carbaryl. A method which can determine carbaryl ... The acute toxicity of carbaryl was increased by a factor of 6.5 when rats were fed a low protein diet. 2.2 TOXICOLOGY - MAN 2.2 ... la Sant . 1. GENERAL INFORMATION 1.1 COMMON NAME: Carbaryl 1.1.1 Identity: 1-naphthalenyl methylcarbamate 1.1.2 Synonyms: Sevin ...
X. Appendix II - Analytical Method for Carbaryl. XI. Appendix III - Suggested Medical Management of Symptomatic Carbaryl ... Criteria for a Recommended Standard: Occupational Exposure to Carbaryl. ...
Fertile White-Leghorn-chick eggs were injected with 1 to 10 milligrams (mg) of carbaryl in acetone or sesame oil, and were ... Five days after treatment, mortality rates were increased in all embryos given carbaryl, and ... The embryotoxic and teratogenic effects of carbaryl (63252) were investigated. ... The authors concludes that the embryotoxicity of carbaryl is affect by the vehicle in which it is administered. Carbaryl can be ...
Carbaryl : health and safety guide  World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety (‎World Health ... Carbaryl / published under the joint sponsorship of the United Nations Environment Programme, the International Labour ... and findings of over 700 studies in an effort to determine the risks to human health and the environment posed by carbaryl. ...
View the product label for Carbaryl 4L from Drexel Chemical Company. See active ingredients, product application, restrictions ... Active Ingredients: Captan , Carbaryl , Malathion , Related derivatives HRAC/FRAC/IRAC Classification: Group M4 Fungicide, ...
Carbaryl (Sevin). CAS No: 63-25-2. NOTE:. (1) Efficacy of Medical Tests has not been evaluated.. (2) NIOSH references include ...
Carbaryl, sold under the name Sevin, was introduced by Union Carbide in 1958 in the U.S. It is a contact insecticide that works ... The use of carbaryl is restricted in the U.S. Synonyms and Related Terms. 1-naphthyl methylcarbamate; Sevin [Union Carbide]; ... Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, at http://www.wikipedia.com Comment: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carbaryl (Accessed Mar. 20 ... Retrieved from "http://cameo.mfa.org/index.php?title=Carbaryl&oldid=48781" ...
Traces of carbaryl remain in the soil and the field even months after the crop is harvested. "Carbaryl may stay back for years ... Breaking down, or degradation of Carbaryl is a multistep process. Bacteria use enzymes to convert Carbaryl to the first ... To begin with, a bacterial enzyme carbaryl hydrolase acts on Carbaryl to generate 1- naphthol and methylamine. 1-naphthol ... 1. Compartmentalization of the Carbaryl Degradation Pathway: Molecular Characterization of Inducible Periplasmic Carbaryl ...
Granular Insecticide with Carbaryl from The Andersons, Inc.. See active ingredients, product application, restrictions, and ... Active Ingredients: Captan , Carbaryl , Malathion , Related derivatives HRAC/FRAC/IRAC Classification: Group M4 Fungicide, ... Active Ingredients: Captan , Carbaryl , Malathion , Related derivatives HRAC/FRAC/IRAC Classification: Group M4 Fungicide, ...
Carbaryl is said by EPA to be "one of the most widely applied insecticides in the U.S.," since use began in 1959, with 10-15 ... Posted in Carbaryl, Chemicals, Chlorpyrifos, Diazinon, Litigation, Malathion, Methomyl, National Politics, Take Action, Water, ... Posted in Carbaryl, Carbofuran, Chemicals, Chlorpyrifos, Diazinon, Malathion, Methomyl, Pesticide Regulation, Water, Wildlife/ ... Posted in Aldicarb, Bayer, Carbaryl, Carbofuran, Dow Chemical, Environmental Justice, International, Methomyl, West Virginia , ...
Date of administration of 1st dose of carbaryl drug. Route of administration of carbaryl drug. Duration of carbaryl drug given ... Carbaryl was taken to see the effect on testis of albino rats. Carbaryl which is 1-naphthyl-N-methyl carbamate is a broad- ... These findings are much significant with the high dose of carbaryl.. Carpenter et al. [27] reported that carbaryl in the diet ... The activity of acetycholine esterase in blood of carbaryl treated rats was however, found to be decreased. Carbaryl did not ...
The effects of pH on the binding between carbaryl and humic acid (HA) and number of layer coated electrode were investigated ... The current was decreased around 7.28% from the initial value after HA binding with carbaryl. The results demonstrated that the ... HA modified the polyelectrolyte multilayer thin films (PEMs) coating electrode was used to detect carbaryl. The current was ... A new method has been developed for the determination of carbaryl pesticides, , in water and fruit samples using gold ...
This study reports urinary 1-naphthol levels in five volunteers administered an oral dose of carbaryl at the acceptable daily ... The data reported here suggest that environmental exposure to carbaryl and naphthalene in these populations is well controlled. ... However, 1-naphthol is a metabolite of the insecticide carbaryl while both the 1- and 2-isomers are metabolites of naphthalene ... Keywords: carbaryl; exposure assessment; human biomonitoring; naphthalene; naphthol carbaryl; exposure assessment; human ...
3.09 - $93.58) Find great deals on the latest styles of Carbaryl dust. Compare prices & save money on Pest Control. ... Best prices on Carbaryl dust in Pest Control online. Visit Bizrate to find the best deals on top brands. Read reviews on Home ... Voluntary Purchasing Group Hi-Yield 10197 Carbaryl Garden Spray, 16-Ounce For Use On Fruit, Citrus and Shade Trees and Lawns, ... Contains active carbaryl. Environmentally responsible insecticide. Keep out of reach of children. Your choice of capacities. ...
FPIA of carbaryl was developed first. Tracers for FPIA were synthesized and their structures were confirmed via mass ... were developed for the determination of pesticides triazophos and carbaryl in wheat grains using the portable FPIA device ... The detection limits for triazophos and carbaryl were 40 and 20 μg kg−1, respectively, and the measurement ranges were 40-200 ... Development of fluorescence polarization immunoassays for parallel detection of pesticides carbaryl and triazophos in wheat ...
Influence of acephate and carbaryl ingested from prey on development, mortality, and survival of the spined soldier bug, ... There was little difference in overall mortality among treatments of carbaryl and the control group. Also, nymphs in carbaryl ... 10.6 Carbaryl (1.5) 11.2 6.7 (17) 10.9 6.5 (19) 11.1 Carbaryl (7.5) 10.6 6.5 (14) 10.6 6.4 (18) 10.7 Control 11.4 6.7 (15) 11.4 ... b Carbaryl (1.5) 173.2 (20) 173.2 (20)a Carbaryl (7.5) 176.5 (20) 176.5 (20)a Control 134.7 (20) 134.7 (20)b (1)Number of ...
But simultaneous administration of carbaryl (200 mg/kg, p.o.) and PTZ (60 mg/kg, s.c.) reduced the carbaryl-induced elevation ... Effect of pentylenetetrazol on the carbaryl-induced changes of serotonin metabolism in rat-brain hypothalamus S. K. Ray; S. K. ... Further, administration of carbaryl (200 mg/kg, p.o.) for different time intervals (0.5 h, 1.0 h, and 2.0 h) revealed that both ... Carbaryl (200 mg/kg or 400 mg/kg, p.o.) significantly elevated serotonin (5-HT) (57-109%) and 5-hydroxy-indoleacetic acid (5- ...
Using a pseudo-first-order approach, carbaryl half-life at pH 10 to 11 ranges from approximately 1.5 h to less than 10 min, ... carbaryl (1-naphthyl methylcarbamate), still widely used in the US and other countries. The exercise employs relatively simple ... Using a pseudo-first-order approach, carbaryl half-life at pH 10 to 11 ranges from approximately 1.5 h to less than 10 min, ... To emphasize the practical utility of this exercise to students, at its conclusion, they can prepare waste carbaryl-containing ...
  • Carbaryl is compatible with most common pesticides, however it should not be combined with lime sulphur and Bordeaux mixes. (alibaba.com)
  • Carbaryl is highly toxic to earthworms and should not be used on soil insects except in cases such as bowling greens where it can be used for the control of worms that would otherwise damage the highly manicured surface. (alibaba.com)
  • These authors concluded that, for diets in the U.S.A., "Carbamate chemicals and carbaryl do not occur at sufficiently high levels or frequencies to be considered as contributors to the daily intake of pesticide chemicals. (inchem.org)
  • Carbaryl was a widely used pesticide in the agriculture industry. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The culprit was a toxic gas used to produce a pesticide called 'Carbaryl', in the Union Carbide India Limited Factory. (iitb.ac.in)
  • The laboratory exercise described here involves determination of the second-order rate constant for base-catalyzed hydrolysis of the carbamate pesticide, carbaryl (1-naphthyl methylcarbamate), still widely used in the US and other countries. (ed.gov)
  • Oral administration of carbaryl to adult male albino rats produced a dose dependent increase in the steady state level of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) at 1.00 h in pons-medulla (PM). 5-Hydroxyindole acetic acid (5-HIAA) concentration was significantly elevated only in response to a higher dose of this pesticide under similar conditions. (mysciencework.com)
  • The potency of this pesticide in elevating the pargyline-induced accumulation of 5-HT is in the order of carbaryl + PTZ greater than PTZ congruent to carbaryl. (mysciencework.com)
  • 1972). Atropine reduced the acute toxicity of carbaryl and seven other carbamates administered subcutaneously to male mice. (inchem.org)
  • Like the other carbamates, Carbaryl antagonizes acetylcholine and competes for binding sites on the enzyme cholinesterase. (fsu.edu)
  • Carbaryl inhibits the enzyme responsible to carry nerve impulses and paralyses the nervous system of pests. (iitb.ac.in)
  • Our interest has been the degradation of carbaryl (1-naphthyl N -methylcarbamate), which is one of the most commonly used carbamate pesticides for the control of a wide variety of insect pests. (asm.org)
  • Carbaryl is highly effective in the control of caterpillars, grasshoppers, millipedes and various other insect pests in the home garden. (gardenworldshop.com.au)
  • In the course of the numerous re-evaluations of carbaryl, many recommendations for tolerances were altered and in 1969 the original broad crop categories were expanded into subgroups or individual crops. (inchem.org)
  • Pinolene, a beta pinene polymer, has been shown to extend the residual life of carbaryl in certain crops. (inchem.org)
  • A bacterium capable of utilizing carbaryl (1-naphthyl N -methylcarbamate) as the sole carbon source was isolated from carbaryl-treated soil. (asm.org)
  • Carbaryl wastewater treatment and the resource recycling of biomass as sludge by Rhodopseudomonas sphaeroides (R. sphaeroides) with the assistance of starch processing wastewater (SPW) was investigated in this research. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The method could complete the mixed (SPW and carbaryl) wastewater treatment, carbaryl removal, the resource recycling of R. sphaeroides biomass as sludge simultaneously. (bioportfolio.com)
  • At the 1969 Meeting it was decided that all temporary tolerances for carbaryl should be reviewed in 1973 and the previously proposed tolerance for whole milk was withdrawn until data on the levels of water-soluble metabolites could be evaluated. (inchem.org)
  • An in vitro study using human liver and rat liver preparations suggested that human liver produced minor carbaryl metabolites, not previously seen with rat tissue (Strother, 1972). (inchem.org)
  • For the monkey and pig there is little hydrolysis of the ester and the metabolites are conjugates of 4-hydroxycarbaryl and carbaryl. (intox.org)
  • The embryotoxic and teratogenic effects of carbaryl (63252) were investigated. (cdc.gov)
  • EVALUATION FOR ACCEPTABLE DAILY INTAKE Biochemical aspects In rats it was observed that absorption of carbaryl probably occurs in the stomach or anterior portions of the small intestine (Casper and Pekas, 1971). (inchem.org)
  • 1972). Compounds which were found to decrease MAO activity reduced the excretion of carbaryl from rats (Dorough et al. (inchem.org)
  • With the aid of microelectronic techniques, Homenko (1971) examined the effect of carbaryl on the membrane potential of motor neurons of the spinal cord in rats. (inchem.org)
  • After two weeks, the rats of group I were left as such and rats of groups II, III and IV were given 50 mg, 100 mg and 200 mg/kg body weight/day of carbaryl drug in 0.2 ml of groundnut oil orally, 6 days/week for 60 days, respectively. (omicsonline.org)
  • These results suggest that the carbaryl-induced increase in the synthesis of 5-HT is potentiated, and the turnover is reduced, in PM when PTZ is administered to the carbaryl-intoxicated rats. (mysciencework.com)
  • Carbaryl has two distinct properties that account for its popularity: it has a very low mammalian oral and dermal toxicity and it possesses a rather broad spectrum of insect control. (fsu.edu)
  • Pentylenetetrazol: effect on carbaryl-induced changes of serot. (mysciencework.com)
  • A time course study with carbaryl and pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) showed a characteristic elevation of the steady state level of 5-HT in PM, but the 5-HIAA level was significantly elevated at 0.5 h only after carbaryl treatment. (mysciencework.com)
  • Carbaryl is produced by treating methyl isocyanate (3) with 1-naphthol (4). (wikipedia.org)
  • The method of analysis was colorimetric and determined carbaryl and 1-naphthol at 0.1 and. (inchem.org)
  • Residues of 1-naphthol never exceeded 10% of those of carbaryl. (inchem.org)
  • For the rat, guinea-pig, ewe and man carbaryl is excreted as conjugates of 1- naphthol. (intox.org)
  • This study reports urinary 1-naphthol levels in five volunteers administered an oral dose of carbaryl at the acceptable daily intake (ADI, 0.008 mg/kg). (mdpi.com)
  • A leak of MIC used in the production of carbaryl caused the Bhopal disaster, the largest industrial accident in history. (wikipedia.org)
  • The systems are based on the principle of heterogeneous competitive enzyme immunoassay and used mouse monoclonal anti-carbaryl antibodies either in solution (indirect format) or immobilized (direct format). (upv.es)
  • Long- and short-term effects of carbaryl exposure in chick embryos. (cdc.gov)
  • The data reported here suggest that environmental exposure to carbaryl and naphthalene in these populations is well controlled. (mdpi.com)
  • 2004). Exposure of male workers to carbaryl increased DNA fragmentation in spermatozoa, and also increased sex chromosome disomy by 1.7-fold and chromosome 18 disomy by 2.2-fold. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carbaryl kills both targeted (e.g. malaria-carrying mosquitos) and beneficial insects (e.g. honeybees), as well as crustaceans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carbaryl kills earthworms, reducing the fertility of the soil and paralyses and kills pollinators such as honey bees, thus affecting agricultural production. (iitb.ac.in)
  • Further data have been provided that show that the distribution of residues varies considerably with the method of application of carbaryl. (inchem.org)
  • Rappoport (1969) administered carbaryl for three months at 50 mg/kg/day and found changes in the thyroid gland using the electron microscope. (inchem.org)
  • Among the compounds registered for control of this pest in Connecticut are acephate or carbaryl used as foliar sprays. (ct.gov)
  • To emphasize the practical utility of this exercise to students, at its conclusion, they can prepare waste carbaryl-containing solutions for disposal by this same hydrolysis process. (ed.gov)
  • Similarly, methylmercury and chlordane were observed to have the same increased effect on the metabolism of carbaryl (Lucier et al. (inchem.org)
  • Bacteria use enzymes to convert Carbaryl to the first intermediate compound, then at each step, they convert it to a different intermediate compound to form a pathway. (iitb.ac.in)
  • ABSTRACT--The toxicities of acephate and carbaryl were evaluated for the spined soldier bug, Podisus maculiventris (Say), to determine the potential use of this predator in an integrated pest management program for snapbeans. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • In this report, we describe the isolation and characterization of an Arthrobacter strain capable of utilizing carbaryl as the sole source of carbon. (asm.org)
  • This smart bacterium acquired genes from other organisms capable of degrading various aromatic compounds as well as Carbaryl partly or partially, arranged these genes together and used this machinery for efficient utilization of Carbaryl as food and hence its survival. (iitb.ac.in)
  • In insects, a new metabolite was isolated, characterized and suggested to be 2-hydroxy-carbaryl (Moriyama et al. (inchem.org)
  • The initial report of a new metabolite, the N-O-conjugate of carbaryl (Locke, 1972a and b), has not been confirmed by these authors (Personal communication). (inchem.org)
  • We found that thiram, ziram, maneb and carbaryl also induced apoptosis in a time- and dose-dependent manner in the human T cells. (mdpi.com)
  • Measurement of (1) pargyline induced (a) accumulation of 5-HT and (b) depletion of 5-HIAA levels, and (2) probenecid-induced accumulation of 5-HIAA level in presence and absence of carbaryl and revealed that carbaryl accelerated the synthesis as well as the breakdown of 5-HT, whereas PTZ alone or in combination with carbaryl accelerated the synthesis of 5-HT without affecting its catabolism. (mysciencework.com)
  • Carbaryl at 7.6 and 38 mg/kg administered orally to rabbits for 11 months led to disturbances in carbohydrate and protein metabolism and other biochemical changes in the liver. (inchem.org)