One of the phthalimide fungicides.
Chemicals that kill or inhibit the growth of fungi in agricultural applications, on wood, plastics, or other materials, in swimming pools, etc.
The imide of phthalic acids.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.
A colorless, odorless, highly water soluble vinyl monomer formed from the hydration of acrylonitrile. It is primarily used in research laboratories for electrophoresis, chromatography, and electron microscopy and in the sewage and wastewater treatment industries.
An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.
Living outdoors as a recreational activity.
Materials in intermediate state between solid and liquid.
The enhancement of physical, cognitive, emotional and social skills so an individual may participate in chosen activities. Recreational modalities are used in designed intervention strategies, incorporating individual's interests to make the therapy process meaningful and relevant.
Nucleic acid structures found on the 5' end of eukaryotic cellular and viral messenger RNA and some heterogeneous nuclear RNAs. These structures, which are positively charged, protect the above specified RNAs at their termini against attack by phosphatases and other nucleases and promote mRNA function at the level of initiation of translation. Analogs of the RNA caps (RNA CAP ANALOGS), which lack the positive charge, inhibit the initiation of protein synthesis.
Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.
In some animals, the jaws together with their horny covering. The beak usually refers to the bill of birds in which the whole varies greatly in form according of the food and habits of the bird. While the beak refers most commonly to birds, the anatomical counterpart is found also in the turtle, squid, and octopus. (From Webster, 3d ed & Storer, et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p491, 755)
A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)
A pre-emergent herbicide.
Chemicals used to destroy pests of any sort. The concept includes fungicides (FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL); INSECTICIDES; RODENTICIDES; etc.
Places for cultivation and harvesting of fish, particularly in sea waters. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Fish of the genera ONCORHYNCHUS and Salmo in the family SALMONIDAE. They are anadromous game fish, frequenting the coastal waters of both the North Atlantic and Pacific. They are known for their gameness as a sport fish and for the quality of their flesh as a table fish. (Webster, 3d ed).
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
A mitosporic Loculoascomycetes fungal genus including several plant pathogens and at least one species which produces a highly phytotoxic antibiotic. Its teleomorph is Lewia.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE, order Rosales, subclass Rosidae. It is best known as a source of the edible fruit (apple) and is cultivated in temperate climates worldwide.
Steroids with a hydroxyl group at C-3 and most of the skeleton of cholestane. Additional carbon atoms may be present in the side chain. (IUPAC Steroid Nomenclature, 1987)
Toxic compounds produced by FUNGI.
A plant genus of the family ANACARDIACEAE best known for the edible fruit.
A genus of mitosporic Phyllachoraceae fungi which contains at least 40 species of plant parasites. They have teleomorphs in the genus Glomerella (see PHYLLACHORALES).
A mitosporic fungal genus frequently found in soil and on wood. It is sometimes used for controlling pathogenic fungi. Its teleomorph is HYPOCREA.
A plant genus in the LAURACEAE family. The tree, Persea americana Mill., is known for the Avocado fruit, the food of commerce.
A group of XANTHENES that contain a 9-keto OXYGEN.
A systemic agricultural fungicide and seed treatment agent.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the Old World MICE and RATS.
Pesticides or their breakdown products remaining in the environment following their normal use or accidental contamination.
Compounds having the nitro group, -NO2, attached to carbon. When attached to nitrogen they are nitramines and attached to oxygen they are NITRATES.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a drug container or wrapper. It includes contents, indications, effects, dosages, routes, methods, frequency and duration of administration, warnings, hazards, contraindications, side effects, precautions, and other relevant information.
Pesticides used to destroy unwanted vegetation, especially various types of weeds, grasses (POACEAE), and woody plants. Some plants develop HERBICIDE RESISTANCE.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.
Individuals connecting by family, work or other interests. It also includes connectivity facilitated by computer-based communications.
Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Persons whom one knows, likes, and trusts.
Usually organized community efforts to raise money to promote financial programs of institutions. The funds may include individual gifts.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
Persons whose profession is to give legal advice and assistance to clients and represent them in legal matters. (American Heritage Dictionary, 3d ed)
A branch of law that defines criminal offenses, regulates the apprehension, charging and trial of suspected persons, and fixes the penalties and modes of treatment applicable to convicted offenders.
Persons who have committed a crime or have been convicted of a crime.
A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).
A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.
A written agreement for the transfer of patients and their medical records from one health care institution to another.

Characterization of Trp(+) reversions in Escherichia coli strain WP2uvrA. (1/15)

The Escherichia coli strain WP2uvrA is widely used in general mutagenicity screening tests because of its high sensitivity to many kinds of mutagens and it serves as a supplement to the standard Salmonella typhimurium tester strains. In contrast to Salmonella His(+) revertants, E.coli Trp(+) revertants have not been characterized at the molecular level. In this study we found that in the trpE65 allele of WP2uvrA the triplet that codes for the fourth amino acid from the N-terminus of anthranilate synthetase was an ochre stop codon (TAA) instead of a glutamine codon (CAA). In spontaneous Trp(+) revertants the ochre codon had been changed to glutamine (CAA), lysine (AAA), glutamic acid (GAA), leucine (TTA), serine (TCA) or tyrosine (TAC, TAT). Since tryptophan prototrophy could also be restored by ochre suppressor mutations at the anticodon sites in the genes for tRNA(Glu) (glnU), tRNA(Lys) (lysT) and tRNA(Tyr) (tyrT, tyrU), the Trp(+) reversion system with E.coli WP2uvrA detected five types of base substitutions, A.T-->T.A, A.T-->C.G, A.T-->G.C, G.C-->A.T and G.C-->T.A. About 30-50% of Trp(+) revertants induced by N-ethyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine, captan and angelicin plus UVA irradiation were attributable to reversion at the trpE65 ochre locus; the others were attributable to suppressor mutations. In contrast, almost all revertants induced by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine, 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone and furylfuramide were caused by suppressor mutations. Thus, the high mutagen sensitivity of WP2uvrA is due to several target sites consisting of A.T base pairs (trpE65, lysT) and G.C base pairs (glnU, tyrT, tyrU).  (+info)

Induction of hsp70 in transgenic Drosophila: biomarker of exposure against phthalimide group of chemicals. (2/15)

The expression of stress genes is suggested to be a potentially sensitive indicator of any chemical or physical assault. This led us to explore the possibility of using expression of one of the major stress genes, hsp70, in Drosophila as a biomarker against phthalimide group of chemicals, which may accordingly provide an early indication of exposure to these hazardous chemicals. We exposed third instar larvae of transgenic Drosophila melanogaster (hsp70-lacZ) Bg(9) to different concentrations of the test chemicals (Captan, Captafol and Folpet) for various time intervals (2-48 h) to evaluate expression of hsp70 by X-gal staining, ONPG assay and whole organ in situ immunohistochemistry. The study was further extended to examine the effect of the said chemicals on development of the organism and tissue damage occurring in them, thus raising the possibility of evaluating comparative deleterious effect inducing potential of the test chemicals. Our results showed a strong hsp70 expression in the Captafol-exposed larvae followed by weaker expression in Captan- and Folpet-treated larvae. The effect was further reflected on development as revealed by a delay in emergence of the flies by 3 days in 200 ppm Captafol-exposed group. Hsp70 was found not to be induced at 0.0002 ppm Captafol and at 0.002 ppm Captan and Folpet. The present study suggests that (a). hsp70 induction is sensitive enough to be used as a biomarker against phthalimide group of chemicals, (b). amongst the three test chemicals, Captafol is the most deleterious compound followed by Captan and Folpet, (c). 0.0002 ppm for Captafol and 0.002 ppm for Captan and Folpet, respectively, can be regarded as no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL).  (+info)

Urine mutagenicity and lymphocyte DNA damage in fruit growers occupationally exposed to the fungicide captan. (3/15)

AIMS: To determine haematological parameters, urine mutagenicity (on three Salmonella typhimurium strains), and DNA damage (using the comet assay) in mononuclear leucocytes of farmers before and after a one-day spraying period of pear and apple trees with the fungicide captan in usual conditions. METHODS: Fruit growers were exposed to captan during the 1998 (n = 12) and/or the 2000 spraying seasons (n = 17). Biological samples were collected on the morning of the day of spraying (S1), the evening after spraying (S2), and the morning of the day after (S3). The UK Predictive Operator Exposure Model (UK-POEM) was used to quantify pesticide exposure intensity. RESULTS: No effect was observed on haematological parameters for these two spraying seasons. Proportions of mutagenic urine samples did not significantly differ between S1 and S2/S3 sampling points. In contrast with strains TA97a and YG1041 mainly sensitive to frameshift mutations, a positive trend was observed between the difference (S3-S1) of mutagenic power on strain TA102 detecting base-pair mutations and the exposure predicted value given by UK-POEM, mainly due to parameters related to protective clothing. No significant variations in DNA damage levels were observed between S1 and S3, nor were correlations observed with parameters of pesticide exposure. CONCLUSIONS: A one-day spraying period with captan and other pesticides does not significantly induce DNA damages in mononuclear leucocytes. In contrast, an inefficient protective clothing could correlate with an increase in urine mutagenicity as assessed by the TA102 tester strain.  (+info)

Captan exposure and evaluation of a pesticide exposure algorithm among orchard pesticide applicators in the Agricultural Health Study. (4/15)

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Rhinitis associated with pesticide use among private pesticide applicators in the agricultural health study. (5/15)

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Tetrabutylammonium bromide media aza-Michael addition of 1,2,3,6-tetrahydrophthalimide to symmetrical fumaric esters and acrylic esters under solvent-free conditions. (6/15)

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Determinants of captan air and dermal exposures among orchard pesticide applicators in the Agricultural Health Study. (7/15)

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Biological monitoring of pesticide exposures in residents living near agricultural land. (8/15)

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Captan was previously cited as Group B2, a probable human carcinogen by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA),[5] but was reclassified in 2004. Since the mode of action has been established as a proliferative response (in mice only) after intestinal villi are disrupted, captan has been deemed not likely to cause tumors at doses that do not irritate the intestine. The EPA now states, The new cancer classification considers captan to be a potential carcinogen at prolonged high doses that cause cytotoxicity and regenerative cell hyperplasia. These high doses of captan are many orders of magnitude above those likely to be consumed in the diet, or encountered by individuals in occupational or residential settings. Therefore, captan is not likely to be a human carcinogen nor pose cancer risks of concern when used in accordance with approved product labels.[6] A similar reclassification has been made for folpet, a structurally related fungicide, which shares a common mechanism of ...
Andrew Captan2021-06-18T14:49:13+00:00. The enactment of Bill C-75 introduced a new type of criminal court hearing that could lead to a significant reduction in the number of certain types of criminal charges entering in the court system.Through the amendment to the Criminal Code of Canada, and in particular the addition of s. 523.1, the police or the Crown can decide to not proceed with formal criminal charges in certain circumstances, in exchange for having an accuseds release conditions reviewed by a Judge.The [...] ...
The sterol biosynthesis inhibitors bromuconazole and difenoconazole and tank mixes of each fungicide with captan were applied to apples and evaluated as controls for moldy-core and fruit decay caused by Alternaria alternata. Effectiveness of a mixture of bromuconazole and captan in controlling colonization by the fungus was also evaluated. Decay formation by A. alternata on mature detached fruits was partially inhibited by bromuconazole at 0.5 μg ml−1 and was completely inhibited at 50 μg ml−1; it was significantly affected by either bromoconazole at 5 μg ml−1 or captan at 1,250 μg ml−1, and was completely inhibited by their mixture. In general, three foliar applications of bromuconazole or difenoconazole in the field, during the bloom period, reduced the numbers of infected fruits by 40-60% compared with untreated control trees. However, tank mixes of either fungicide with captan improved control of moldy-core in fruits at harvest. Tank mixtures of bromuconazole and captan also
Chemet offers public health insecticides for Seed Treatment including Captan, Imidacloprid, Carboxin, Metaxyl, Captafol from Bharuch, India.
The aza-Michael addition to unsaturated ketones under neutral to mildly basic condition is a difficult transformation due to the inherent unreactivity of ketones toward the addition of weak nucleophiles. This thesis reports on efforts to develop an environmentally friendly, stereoselective and low-cost organo-catalyzed aza-Michael reaction between unsaturated ketones and nitrogen nucleophiles, such as phthalimide, under neutral to mildly basic conditions using the most inexpensive chiral secondary amine catalyst, proline.1 Both proline and the organic base triethylamine were found to be catalytic in the testing platform of cyclohexen-2-one and phthalimide, and another testing platform of 4-hexen-3-one and phthalimide. Likewise, when screened against proline derivatives and imidazolines (all secondary amines), proline demonstrated the highest yield and enantioselectivity for aza-Michael Addition reactions to ketones. Triethylamine was also determined to be the optimal organic base co-catalyst, in terms
EPA is seeking comments from pesticide users, registrants, and other interested parties on draft Reasonable and Prudent Measures and Alternatives included in a draft Biological Opinion received from the National Marine Fisheries Service on March 1, 2011. This draft Biological Opinion addresses the potential effects from six pesticides on Pacific salmon and steelhead listed as endangered or threatened under the Endangered Species Act. The six pesticides are: captan, chlorothalonil, 2,4-D, diuron, linuron, and triclopyr BEE.. ● Click here to read entire article. ...
Andrew Captan2021-03-31T18:39:31+00:00. Drinking and Driving law was overhauled in December, 2018 with a variety of police powers either created or broadened. One power that was broadened was their use of Approved Screening Devices. An Approved Screening Device (ASD) is a device that police use at the roadside to test for the existence of alcohol in ones body. Typically, the device requires an individual to blow into a mouth piece which is attached to the device, expelling air from their lungs into it. [...] ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Blood and Urinary 18F Pharmaco kinetics Following Parenteral Administration in the Rat. AU - Whitford, Gary M.. AU - Patten, Jimmy R.. AU - Reynolds, Keith E.. AU - Pashley, David H.. PY - 1977/7. Y1 - 1977/7. N2 - Blood and urinary excretion time courses of 18F administered parenterally to rats were monitored for two hours. The intraperitoneal, subcutaneous, and intravenous routes gave kinetically indistinguishable results after ten minutes following the dose. The blood time course during the first hour following intramuscular dosing showed a relative constancy and suggested a delayed absorption time.. AB - Blood and urinary excretion time courses of 18F administered parenterally to rats were monitored for two hours. The intraperitoneal, subcutaneous, and intravenous routes gave kinetically indistinguishable results after ten minutes following the dose. The blood time course during the first hour following intramuscular dosing showed a relative constancy and suggested a delayed ...
The data collected at the Frelighsburg site clearly showed that Timorex Gold failed to control apple scab. At the end of the primary infection period, the disease was significantly lower in plots sprayed with captan than in plots sprayed with Timorex or water, regardless of the concentration of Timorex Gold. At the summer assessment, scab incidence and severity were significantly higher in plots sprayed with Timorex Gold than in plots sprayed with Captan. At harvest, yield was significantly lower, and fruit scab incidence significantly higher, in plots sprayed with Timorex Gold than in plots sprayed with Captan. Results from this trial demonstrate that Timorex Gold is not an acceptable alternative to standard fungicides for the management of apple scab.. Even though more spray programs were tested at the Bouctouche site, results were in general similar to those obtained at the Frelighsburg site. Overall scab incidence and severity on cluster leaves at the end of the primary infection period were ...
The following table indicates the maximum times required for the insecticides listed in the Guide to be degraded by weather to a low hazard level for bees. These times are to be used as general guidelines only, since most of these insecticides have not been tested for bee toxicity under western Canadian conditions, and environmental conditions will influence the rate at which pesticides degrade.. Fungicides are generally not considered to have toxic effects on bees however Captan has been reported to have toxic effects on honey bee larvae. Captan is not harmful to the adult bees but can be carried back to the honey bee colony and may then have toxic effects on the brood ...
The rose seeds can be planted right away if you have harvested them as late as November, December or January (in Southern California) or early spring after danger of frosts in your area. Place the rose seeds about one-half inch deep in a very light mixture of 50% sterile potting soil and 50% vermiculite. Some rose hybridizers use Sunshine Mix #4. You can use small pots or shallow trays to plant your seeds, whatever works for the space you have, as long as they have good drainage. Nursery flats work well for this. Lightly dust the rose seeds with RooTone or Captan before covering with soil. And then dust the top of the soil again, which will hopefully help to prevent damp-off (a disease which kills young rose seedlings). Amateur rose hybridizers concerned with toxic chemicals may want to periodically spray the seed tray with diluted peroxide and water instead of the more toxic Captan. ...
The informal association of Backyard Fruit Growers began in 1990 as an exchange of information for amateurs and others in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, who wish to produce excellent fruit for the family, and to respect the backyard environment. Members get together four times a year at seasonal meetings (Winter, Spring Grafting, Summer Orchard Tour, Fall Apple Tasting) to share ideas and fellowship. Members also receive a newsletter, Backyard Fruit Grower, which has a circulation of about 350. If you live within driving distance of Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and if you would like to participate in our seasonal events, subscribe to the seasonal newsletter to receive schedules and directions. To subscribe to the seasonal newsletter, print out this online copy of the Backyard Fruit Growers brochure, and send $15 for 2 years membership and snailmail to BYFG c/o Nils Peterson, 6666 Van Winkle Drive, Falls Church, VA 22044. . ...
see article for more reactions. Abstract. Cellulose-supported copper(0) efficiently catalyzes aza-Michael reactions of N-nucleophiles, such as amines and imidazoles with α,β-unsaturated compounds to produce the corresponding β-amino compounds and N-substituted imidazoles in excellent yields. The recovered catalyst can be used for several cycles with consistent activity.. ...
The search for environmentally biocompatible and cost-effective methods to control filamentous fungi in agriculture is becoming increasingly urgent. In vitro antimicrobial activity of three synthetic peptides was investigated against some filamentous fungi with agricultural relevance. The peptides were an analog of Temporin called Temporizina, a fragment from Pleurocidin termed Plc-2, and a peptide identified from sesame seeds named Pses3. Antimicrobial activity of these peptides towards filamentous fungi has not been previously reported. Seven plant pathogenic or mycotoxigenic fungal species, isolated from plant tissues were assayed: Alternaria solani, Colletotrichum gloesporioides, Fulvia fulvum, Fusarium oxisporum, Aspergillus niger, A. ochraceus and Penicillium digitatum. Values of Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Fungicidal Concentration (MFC) were determined and compared with the commercially available fungicide Captan as a positive control. The peptides showing greatest
Dorivar Ruiz Diaz, Nutrient Management Specialist, and Romulo Lollato, Wheat and Forages Specialist Now is a good time for producers to start planning topdress nitrogen (N) applications to winter wheat. Given the dry conditions in a large part of the state and some fairly small wheat in many fields due to delayed fall planting, there are some key elements to consider when deciding on the exact N fertilizer program for your crop. These include: timing, N source, application method and N rate. Ideally, the N . . .
Application methods for live infectious bronchitis vaccines are oculonasal,spray and drinking water. Inactivated vaccines are given by injection.
RAMOS, Josierika A. Ferreira; NAGEM, Tanus J. y TAYLOR, Jason G.. Expedient access to an N-phenylpyrrolidin-2-yl heterocycle via a base-induced intramolecular aza-Michael reaction. S.Afr.j.chem. (Online) [online]. 2011, vol.64, pp.225-230. ISSN 1996-840X.. Ethyl 2-(1-phenylpiperidin-2-yl) acetate was formed in a spontaneous cyclization from (E)-ethyl 7-oxohept-2-enoate whereas ethyl [1-(2-bromophenyl)-2-pyrrolidinyl acetate could be synthesized in good overall yield when employing a stoichiometric amount of base to facilitate the intramolecular aza-Michael reaction.. Palabras clave : aza Michael; intramolecular; catalysed; piperidine; pyrrolidine; base. ...
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice ...
Jiangsu B-Win Chemical Co., Ltd has over ten years experience in the research of chemical catalyst and amino acid. The production base is located in Yancheng of Jiangsu Province and Xuancheng of Anhui Province.
Chemical management of black knot is only useful when combined with pruning as fungicides registered for edible Prunus species will only protect from future infection and not control infections already under way. Timing of applications is critical and needs to correspond with ascospore release, which in the Northeast will normally occur in the period from bud break until just after petal fall. In other parts of the country the weather will be different and growers will need to design their spray schedule accordingly.. Many experts consider Chlorothalonil fungicides as the most effective with Bravo being an option (http://www.syngentacropprotection.com/bravo-weather-stik-fungicide?tab=details). Growers need to remember that chlorothalonil fungicides cannot be used after shuck-split and therefore for maximum protection they need to make sure that the shuck-split application is made.. Other fungicide options include Topsin (http://www.upi-usa.com/agricultural-products/topsin) used with Captan ...
Background: The atmosphere of valley of Kashmir is ideal for fresh and dry fruit production. Millions of tons of pesticides, insecticides and fungicides (chemicals like chlorpyriphos, mancozeb, captan, dimethoate, phosalone, etc.) are being used by the orchard farmers to spray the plants, fruits and the leaves every year. The increasing trend in the incidence of primary malignant brain tumors in orchard farmers of Kashmir is alarming. Aim: To determine the relationship between the patients of primary malignant brain tumors and their occupation. Materials and Methods: Retrospectively case files along with death certificates of 432 patients of primary malignant brain tumors and 457 controls (non-tumor neurologic diseases), admitted for treatment simultaneously over a period of 4 years from January 2005 to December 2008, to the Department of Neurosurgery, Sher-I-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences (SKIMS), Kashmir, were studied. Follow-up and family contact was established. The serum ...
Flyspeck control with Group A fungicides (Topsin M, Flint, Sovran, Captan + Phosphite, Inspire Super, Indar, Luna Sensation, Merivon, and when PHI allows, EBDC fungicides): 21 days or 2.0″ rain protection. ...
Flyspeck control with Group A fungicides (Topsin M, Flint, Sovran, Captan + Phosphite, Inspire Super, Indar, Luna Sensation, Merivon, and when PHI allows, EBDC fungicides): 21 days or 2.0″ rain protection. ...
Pesticides indicating No risk. The PRIMET model calculated low ETR values (, 1) for cyromazine (ETR = 0.00014; PEC = 0.12 µg/ℓ); bentazone (ETR = 0.00049; PEC = 1.1 µg/ℓ); alachlor (ETR = 0.061; PEC = 3.5 µg/ℓ); endosulfan (ETR = 0.067; PEC = 0.0026 µg/ℓ); captan (ETR = 0.2; PEC = 0.25 µg/ℓ); pendimethalin (ETR = 0.3; PEC = 0.84 µg/ℓ); abamectin (ETR = 0.45; PEC = 0.0068 µg/ℓ) and fenamiphos (ETR = 0.46; PEC = 3.1 µg/ℓ) indicating no predicted risks of these compounds to the aquatic ecosystem (Table 4).. Cyromazine was found to have been frequently used in relatively small quantities (136.64 g a.i./ha). It was applied at an interval of 7 d on average 6 times in a season in the study area, where it was mainly used on spinach. Numerous laboratory and field studies conducted demonstrate that cyromazine was efficiently degraded by biological mechanisms and had a low toxicity to aquatic organisms (Tomlin, 2000). Normal application of bentazone was considered unlikely to be ...
Field experiment was conducted to study the replant problems of grapevine and apple. Plantings were in three different fields: on virgin soil, on apple replant soil and on vine replant soil. Each field was planted with 60 pieces of grafted vine (variety Bianca on rootstock Berl. X Rip. T.K. 5BB) and 60 pieces of grafted apple (variety Gloster o...n rootstock MM. 106). Fungicide (BUVICID K with 50 % captan agent, 0.5 g/1 1 soil) and nematocide (VYDATE 10 G with 10 % oxamil agent, 0.03 g/1 I soil) treatments were used in the soil in order to identify the causal factor of the problem.. Biological soil test was conducted to test 17 soil samples of II wine districts and vine growing fields in plastic pots, under shading net. No root pieces were left in the soil. Two bud-cuttings of the Bed. X Rip. T 5C rootstock varieties were used as test plants. In each case, samples were taken from the vineyard and from the virgin soil. One fourth of the soil from the vineyard was left untreated and the other ...
Do not tank-mix or make sequential application with Group 11 fungicides, Captan, Maestro, Folpan, Bravo or Echo.. ExirelTM Insecticide is toxic to aquatic organisms, bees and certain beneficial insects and non-target terrestrial plants. DO NOT apply this product to blooming crops or weeds while bees are actively visiting the treatment area. Apply early in the morning or late in the evening when bees are not active. Minimize spray drift to reduce harmful effects on bees in habitats close to the application site. Do not contaminate aquatic habitats when spraying or when cleaning and rinsing spray equipment or containers. Follow all other precautions and directions for use on the ExirelTM Insecticide label carefully. For a copy of the new minor use labels contact myself ([email protected]) or your regional supply outlet.. Note: This article is not intended to be an endorsement or recommendation for this particular product, but rather a notice of registration activity.. ...
I transplant the seedlings at this point into the 4x6 plastic flats used by nursery men for bedding plants. The seedlings are planted on 1 centers in rows one inch apart using a mixture of fine leaf mold and peat. This mixture is porous and the small seedlings seem to start out fast. The little plants are watered in when they are planted and the flats are covered for one or two days to avoid shock. Again, Captan is used if needed. After one to two months, the seedlings are transplanted again into regular cedar flats on two or 2½ centers in rows 2 to 2½ apart. I use the same mixture of leaf mold and peat moss, watering the plants in and at this time using Millers Booster Powder either added to the soil mixture or in the water used to water the plants in. I try to get the flats into a lath house quite early, to get the largest plants possible by fall as the larger the plants the better the chances of them surviving their first winter. During the winter, one should watch the drainage in these ...
On July 16, 2021, Japans Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) proposed revisions to Japans maximum residue levels for 11 agricultural chemicals (MCPA, MCPB, Captan, Cyazofamid, Pyriofenone, Fluoxastrobin, Procymidone, Mandestrobin, Cypermethrin, Albendazole, and Zeranol) for various agricultural commodities ...
President Ma Ying-jeou (馬英九), who is seeking re-election next month, yesterday launched another home-stay trip at a local fruit growers house in the Dongshih District (東勢) of Greater Taichung, seeking to consolidate his support in the crucial city ahead of the presidential election. Ma spent a night at the house of local farmer Chan Te-sen (詹德森), a board member of the Taichung Agriculture Association, and met with a group of local farmers to discuss agricultural issues, including the price of locally grown fruits and the export of agricultural products to China under the cross-strait Economic Cooperation Framework Agreement (ECFA).
Below are some lesser known and underrated fruits that you may find worth growing in California. Indeed, depending on your area, you are likely to find at least a couple things in this list to be both easy to grow and an utter delight to eat.. But the caveats, oh the caveats: This list was collected from an extremely informal poll of just a subset of the membership of the Monterey Bay chapter of the California Rare Fruit Growers. Items were added throughout the duration of data collection, so this is really more of a brainstorming session across a slice of time, than a proper survey. Notable omissions (groundcherry? mango? tamarillo? guava?) abound. Some of the below youll find very easy to grow. With others, depending on your area and microclimate, you could have the following problems in growing or ripening them: too cold winters, too warm winters, too cool summers, daylength considerations, drought, pestilence, plague… and squirrels. Some fruits you may just find unpleasant to eat.. This ...
Can water applied to cherry trees for frost control lead to problems with powdery mildew? After being asked the question by tree fruit growers, Dr. Gary Grove,
why not sign in to smile.amazon.com with your regular Amazon credentials and choose California Rare Fruit Growers as your designated charity? It doesnt cost you a cent more and helps us give you more of Read more…. ...
Disinfecting high-touch surfaces several times a day is among new agricultural mandates from Washington Gov. Jay Inslee. (TJ Mullinax/Good Fruit Grower)
Dissolved folpet and its released degradation products in water over time. Dissolved folpet and its degradation products concentrations from (a) Folpan 80WG® a
In vitro There are no data available on the in vitro genotoxic potential of hydrocarbons, C6 -C7, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics, ,5% n-hexane. However, reliable data are available on structurally-related substances. Thus, read-across based on a category approach was conducted. A reliable bacterial reverse mutation assay (Ames test) was conducted with hydrocarbons, C7-C9, n-alkanes, isoalkanes, cyclics following a protocol similar to OECD 471.The pre-incubation procedure was performed with Salmonella typhimurium strains TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 1538, TA 98 and TA 100, and Escherichia coli strains WP2 uvr A and WP2.. The strains were exposed to concentrations ranging from 0.31 to 8000 µg/plate for 30 min both with and without metabolic activation prior to plating and further incubation for 48 -72 h.For all strains tested, there was no significant increase in the number of revertants as compared to negative controls. An initial cytotoxicity assay with S. typhimurium TA100 showed that the test ...
Volume Ii Structure Function And Applications Contains Methods Pertinent To The Prediction Of Protein And Rna Structures And The Analysis And Classification Of Structures Methods For Inferring The Function Of Previously Identified Genomic Elements Chiefly Protein Coding Genes Medical Applications In Diagnostics And Drug Discovery And Meta Methods For Developers Of Bioinformatics Algorithms As A Volume Of The Highly Successful Methods In Molecular Biologytm Series This Work
TY - JOUR. T1 - Poly(ethylene glycol)-based ammonium ionenes containing nucleobases. AU - Tamami, Mana. AU - Hemp, Sean T.. AU - Zhang, Keren. AU - Zhang, Mingqiang. AU - Moore, Robert B.. AU - Long, Timothy Edward. PY - 2013/3/8. Y1 - 2013/3/8. N2 - Adenine-functionalized ionenes (ionene-A) and thymine-functionalized ionenes (ionene-T) were synthesized from novel nucleobase-containing monomers from an efficient aza-Michael addition to an acrylate precursor. Complexes of ionenes with nucleobase-containing guest molecules (n-butyl thymine, nBT and n-butyl adenine, nBA) exhibited well-defined complementary hydrogen bonding interactions. Jobs analysis revealed a 1:1 stoichiometry for the hydrogen-bonded complexes of [ionene-A]:[nBT], [ionene-T]:[nBA], and [nBA]:[nBT]. A mathematical fit of the chemical shifts to the Benesi-Hildebrand method revealed the association constants of 94 M-1, 130 M -1, and 137 M-1 for complexes of [ionene-A]:[nBT], [ionene-T]:[nBA], and [nBA]:[nBT], respectively. ...
see article for more reactions. Abstract. A step-economical access to polysubstituted aminoimidazoles via alkene vicinal C-N bonds formation of 2-bromo-2-alkenones with guanidine avoids a NH-protection/derivatization strategy. The reaction involves a tandem pathway of aza-Michael addition, SN2, and a unique redox-neutral process and offers an excellent substrate scope.. ...
The apricot harvest was down, likely due to some winter damage from a few cold nights, he says, but overall there wasnt much damage. BCTF Co-op Grower Services Manager Hank Markgraf agrees, and adds there was not only no rain for weeks on end, but there was almost no hail in the region this year. However, that hot, dry weather meant irrigation had trouble keeping up, which he figures had an impact on fruit quality ...
environment are there, but without the right timing and other conditions, the pest might not appear. She admits that sometimes a plant health issue with a new variety will stump her, but she can usually diagnose the common issues with the familiar varieties of different crops grown now in B.C. She advises growers who see an issue on a plant to first go to the website ...
The glucocorticoid derivative of budesonide with a phthalimide group is a drug candidate to treat inflammatory eye diseases; nevertheless, it presents low water solubility. Drug nanocrystals have been proposed to overcome this hurdle. The development of an innovative ophthalmic anti-inflammatory nanosuspension was performed using a design space approach. We obtained the particle size reduction of this glucocorticoid derivative on a nanometer scale (approximately 165.0 nm), applying wet bead milling on a super reduced scale. The design of experiment supported the optimization of the formula evaluating the parameters that influence reducing the particle size and also allowed determining the design space. Considering the two statistical models developed and the size range obtained, we proposed that the optimized formulation for the glucocorticoid derivative nanosuspension may be 1.0 wt% glucocorticoid derivative and 0.092 wt% cetylpyridinium chloride. This formulation was characterized by the ...
An algorithm developed to estimate pesticide exposure intensity for use in epidemiologic analyses was revised based on data from two exposure monitoring studies. In the first study, we estimated relative exposure intensity based on the results of measurements taken during the application of the herbicide 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) (n = 88) and the insecticide chlorpyrifos (n = 17). Modifications to the algorithm weighting factors were based on geometric means (GM) of post-application urine concentrations for applicators grouped by application method and use of chemically-resistant (CR) gloves. Measurement data from a second study were also used to evaluate relative exposure levels associated with airblast as compared to hand spray application methods. Algorithm modifications included an increase in the exposure reduction factor for use of CR gloves from 40% to 60%, an increase in the application method weight for boom spray relative to in-furrow and for air blast relative to hand spray, and
A one pot, efficient and eco-friendly synthesis of 1,3,4-thiadiazolo[3,2-a] pyrimidine scaffold via Aza-Michael addition and intramolecular cyclo-elimination reactions in poly ethylene glycol (PEG)
In collaboration with Clemson plant pathologist Dr. Guido Schnabel, we recently completed a four-year study examining various fungicide programs to control peach scab and their impacts on fruit quality. We compared the standard chlorothalonil/captan program with programs utilizing micronized (very fine particles) sulfur exclusively. A more intensive sulfur program (11 applications) was compared with a less intensive sulfur program (six applications). This study compared two popular mid-season cultivars, Contender and Cresthaven.. Following four years of field experimentation, we made the following important observations. Scab pressure varied significantly from season to season in the same orchards, and when scab pressure was low to moderate, six applications of sulfur applied at 13 pounds per acre provided effective scab control. However, when scab pressure was high, 11 sulfur applications performed better than six applications. Although very slight reductions were observed in skin coloration ...
To the Editor: In their review of the potential threat to human health by the commercial use of Burkholderia cepacia, Holmes et al. (1) focus on the biopesticidal uses of this bacterium in agriculture. By virtue of its ability to antagonize a number of soilborne plant pathogens, B. cepacia is an attractive natural alternative to currently used chemical pesticides, such as captan, mancozeb, and metalaxyl. The replacement of these highly toxic agents, which are among the mainstays of crop protection chemicals, by safer products is a laudable goal. However, despite being nonpathogenic to healthy humans (and thus classified as a Biosafety Level 1 species), B. cepacia can cause life-threatening pulmonary infection in persons with cystic fibrosis. Holmes et al. call for a moratorium on the use of B. cepacia in agriculture until more is known about risks from such use.. Perhaps of greater concern than agricultural use is B. cepacias use as a bioremedial agent. Holmes et al. only briefly refer to the ...
0060] Further suitable examples of pesticides that can be used include acephate, acetamiprid, acetoprole, aldicarb, alpha-cypermethrin, azinphos-methyl, azoxystrobin, benalaxyl, benalaxyl-M, benclothiaz, bendicoarb, benfuracarb, benomyl, bensultap, bifenthrin, bitertanol, boscalid, captan, carbendazim, carbaryl, carbofuran, carbosulfan, carboxin, carbpropamid, chlorothalonil, chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifos-methyl, clothianidin, copper salts (such as copper sulfate, cuprous oxide, Bordeaux mixture, copper hydroxide, copper sulfate (tribasic), copper oxychloride and copper octanoate), cymoxanil, cypermethrin, cyproconazole, cyprodinil, cyromazine, dazomet, deltamethrin, diazinon, difenoconazole, dimethoate, dimoxystrobin, diniconazole, dinotefuran, Emamectin, endosulfan, ethaboxam, ethirimol, ethiprole, ethoprophos, famoxadone, fenamidone, fenamiphos, fenhexamid, fenpiclonil, fipronil, flonicamid, fluoxastrobin, fluazinam, fludioxonil, fluquinconazole, flutolanil, flutriafol, fonophos, ...
0082] Further suitable examples of pesticides that can be used include acephate, acetamiprid, acetoprole, aldicarb, alpha-cypermethrin, azinphos-methyl, azoxystrobin, benalaxyl, benalaxyl-M, benclothiaz, bendicoarb, benfuracarb, benomyl, bensultap, bifenthrin, bitertanol, boscalid, captan, carbendazim, carbaryl, carbofuran, carbosulfan, carboxin, carbpropamid, chlorothalonil, chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifos-methyl, clothianidin, copper salts (such as copper sulfate, cuprous oxide, Bordeaux mixture, copper hydroxide, copper sulfate (tribasic), copper oxychloride and copper octanoate), cymoxanil, cypermethrin, cyproconazole, cyprodinil, cyromazine, dazomet, deltamethrin, diazinon, difenoconazole, dimethoate, dimoxystrobin, diniconazole, dinotefuran, Emamectin, endosulfan, ethaboxam, ethirimol, ethiprole, ethoprophos, famoxadone, fenamidone, fenamiphos, fenhexamid, fenpiclonil, fipronil, flonicamid, fluoxastrobin, fluazinam, fludioxonil, fluquinconazole, flutolanil, flutriafol, fonophos, ...
Seeds were planted in microwaved (pathogen-free) and non-microwaved (raw) soil adjusted to moisture levels corresponding to soil water potentials of -30, -50, -400 and -1000 kPa and tested at 10°C for seven days followed by 25°C for five days. A second experiment utilized a cold period temperature range from 4.5 to 13°C at a soil water potential of -40 kPa. Germination of untreated seed in raw soil ranged from 85% at -1000 kPa soil water potential (driest) to 57% at -30 kPa (wettest), with best separation of seed lots occurring at -50 kPa (0.24 kg kg-1 soil moisture). Seed treatment with Captan increased germination and nearly eliminated differences among soil moisture levels. The highest germination for treated and untreated seed lots in raw soil occurred at 4.5°C and 13°C, while the lowest germination (greatest stress) occurred at 9 and 10°C. No germination differences occurred among seed lots or among any experimental treatments (soil moisture, temperature, seed treatment) when ...
The fungus cause wilting and killing of petal and young twig. The leaves wither and drop. Canker develops on large limbs, the bark get killed. Cracks open and gum oozes out. On fruits also gum oozes out and light brown spots appear as small round areas, which enlarge within a few days and entire fruit rots, shrivels and become hard, dry and hang on the trees as wrinkled mummy or fall on the ground. Control: (i) Hanging or fallen fruits mummies should be collected and destroyed by burning or burying them in soil. The infected twigs and cankers should be cut out and burnt. (ii) Avoid injury during picking. Select healthy un-bruised fruits for the market. (iii) Spray captan @ 2g/L of water 20 days before fruit harvest.. ...
Last July, TypeTogethers type engineer and designer, Azza Alameddine, was invited by Kristyan Sarkis and Lara Captan to give a lecture and hold a critique session as part of the Arabic Type Design course in Beirut, Lebanon. Arabic Type Design is the first six-week Arabic type design intensive of its kind, and we were honoured to have a team member supporting this unique and practical educational opportunity. This year Azzas lecture centred on adapting logos and typefaces for the Arabic market, discussing problems in todays bilingual typography and branding, and type matching concepts. She then gave individual feedback on each students typeface. ...
New Mexico State University and the New Mexico Department of Agriculture will host the annual fruit growers workshop March 4 at the Santa Fe County Fair Building, 3229 Rodeo Road, in Santa Fe.. This workshop will be good for folks wanting to learn more about starting an orchard or renovating an existing one, said Shengrui Yao, NMSU Cooperative Extension Service fruit specialist.. Registration will begin at 8 a.m. followed by presentations from 8:30 a.m. to 2:30 p.m. on topics that include orchard irrigation, soil fertility and cover crop management, integrated pest management for arthropods in New Mexico fruit crops, apple orchard planting and establishment, NMSU fruit research update and the Food Safety Modernization Act produce rules.. Presenters will include NMSU faculty and Extension specialists Blair Stringham, John Idowu, Carol Sutherland, Richard Heerema, Nancy Flores and Yao. Lunch will be provided and the event is free.. ...
TATVA CHINTAN based in Gujarat, India is a manufacturer, supplier, exporter of Cetrimide, Tetrabutylammonium Hydrogen Sulphate, Tetrabutylammonium Chloride, Tetrabutylammonium Bromide at the best price.
We present an efficient and simple, metal-free and solvent-free silica gel-promoted synthesis of functionalized conjugated dienes by sequential aza-Michael/Michael reactions starting from commercially available primary amines and propiolic esters. The scope and usefulness of the method is demonstrated on 31 examples, including a range of propiolic esters, aliphatic amines and differently substituted aromatic amines. In the case of aliphatic amines, the products are obtanied within 0.5-4 h in 52-85% yield compared with 3.5-22 h under classical solution-phase synthesis, proceeding in similar or lower yields. Particular usefulness of the method is found in the case of weakly nucleophilic aromatic amines, which provide products in 21-73% yield during 2.5-9.5 h compared with 0-49% during 1-6 days under standard solution-phase conditions and in the case of more hydrophobic esters yielding products in 47-79% during 1-3 h compared with 0-45% during 4-114 h in the solvent. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Secretin Provocation Test in the Diagnosis of Zollinger‐EIlison Syndrome. AU - Brady, Charles E.. PY - 1991/2. Y1 - 1991/2. N2 - The secretin stimulation test has become the preferred provocative test in suspected cases of Zollinger‐Ellison syndrome. A pure secretin preparation, a gastrin‐specific radioimmunoassay, and an appropriate sampling sequence are important for the proper interpretation of this test. Gastric acid analysis is necessary in the assessment of hypergastrinemia to confirm acid hypersecretion and exclude achlorhydria. When properly performed and interpreted, the secretin provocation test offers a safe, expeditious, and reliable means of evaluating patients with hypergastrinemia.. AB - The secretin stimulation test has become the preferred provocative test in suspected cases of Zollinger‐Ellison syndrome. A pure secretin preparation, a gastrin‐specific radioimmunoassay, and an appropriate sampling sequence are important for the proper interpretation of ...
Mild irritation will accelerate blood circulation in the epidermis. Vitiligo after treatment will begin to take place in a couple weeks.. Before using recipes based on Aspirin, make sure that no allergies to the drug. To do this, apply the product on the inner surface of the elbow and wait 15-20 minutes.. If the Allergy is, its symptoms in form of swelling, itching and redness will appear immediately.. Lets say you have no allergies to Aspirin, but is a reaction to Apple cider or plain vinegar. What to do in this situation? Will have to find an alternative to the above method. Instead of the first method can take advantage of the second.. ...
A urine mutagenicity test for assaying airborne exposure was examined. Airborne particles were collected on glass fiber filters with a high volume sampler 10 meters (m) above the ground. Diesel emission particles were obtained from the exhaust pipe of a diesel truck; coal (8002059) dust was taken from a bituminous coal mine. Urine samples collected from nonsmokers were pooled and divided into seve
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between the properties and catalytic activity of the third phase in a phase transfer catalytic system. The conditions of formation of the third phase are investigated by changing the kind of phase transfer catalyst (PTC), organic solvents, and concentration of potassium hydroxide in the aqueous phase. When tetrabutylammonium bromide, (Bu),SUB,4,/SUB,NBr, is used as the phase transfer catalyst, the third phase is formed with both dodecane and toluene as organic solvents. On the other hand, when tetrahexylammonium bromide, (Hex),SUB,4,/SUB,NBr, is used as the phase transfer catalyst, the third phase forms with dodecane but not with toluene.,BR,The volume of the third phase, the base strength, the concentration of catalyst, water, and organic solvent in the third phase were measured. Solidification phenomena are observed for some cases of higher KOH concentrations in the aqueous phase.,BR,Dehydrohalogenation of 2-bromooctane in the ...
O-Alkylation of phenol compounds was performed in a continuous flow apparatus under biphasic liquid/liquid conditions and promoted by tetrabutylammonium bromide (TBAB) as a phase-transfer catalyst. The segmented flow that is generated within the flow system is able to afford the desired ethers in high yield and in very short times.. ...
Goyazensolide, a biologically active natural product classified as a furoheliangolide, was transformed in a phthalimide derivative that showed an enhanced biological activity against Tripanosoma cruzi. The complex natural product was also reduced with high stereoselectivity by hydrogen/Wilkinsons catalyst; an epimer of this product was obtained in the reduction with hydrogen/Pd-C.
Free Online Library: L-Proline-Catalyzed Synthesis of Phthalimide Derivatives and Evaluation of Their Antioxidant, Anti-Inflammatory, and Lipoxygenase Inhibition Activities.(Research Article) by Journal of Chemistry; Anti-inflammatory agents Anti-inflammatory drugs Antioxidants Antioxidants (Nutrients) Aromatic amines Biological products Enzymes Phthalates Protein denaturation Proteins Denaturation
Using phthalimide conjugation, researchers specifically marked a transcriptional coactivator for proteasomal degradation and achieved reduced tumor burdens in vivo.
Elizabeth Beers, Washington State Extension scientist, tells Washington state growers that with cherry bloom behind them, and straw coming up rapidly, its time to finalize plans for trapping spotted wing drosophila (SWD), and thinking about which trap/lure combination might work best for your situation.. Weve come a long way since the apple cider vinegar in a deli cup days, and now have quite a selection of commercial products to choose from in both traps and lures, Beers said.. For more on SWD monitoring for 2017, visit here.. ...
Location: As with all grapes, muscadines need full sun with good air drainage. If hardiness is questionable, they can be planted against a south-facing wall.. Soil: Muscadine grapes grow well on a wide range of soils but best results are obtained from well-drained sandy loams with a pH of 5.5 to 6.5. They will not tolerate low, wet ground. High pH can be corrected by adding sulfur and thoroughly working it into the soil. The vines are shallow rooted with most of their feeder roots in the top 12 in. of soil.. Irrigation: Regions with 30 inches of annual rainfall usually get enough rain to sustain the plants, unless summer dry spells stretch out past 60 days. In areas with less than that total, supplemental watering may be required. Drip irrigation is economical and satisfactory. In regions of dry summers, young vines may need watering during their first 2 or 4 growing seasons to help establish root systems.. Fertilizing: Nitrogenous fertilizers or complete fertilizers high in nitrogen are ...
If you used kasugamycin (Kasumin 2L) or dinotefuran (Scorpion, Venom) under the Section 18 emergency exemption label, please report use through a survey that will help secure future emergency exemptions and move these products toward full EPA registration.
PQZ insecticide from Nichino America, Inc. has been granted a U.S. EPA label expansion for food crop use, the company announced today. PQZ is a new insecticide for control of piercing and sucking insect pests in many perennial and annual agronomic crops including those insects resistant to standard chemistries.. Pyrifluquinazon, the active ingredient in PQZ, is effective on nymphs and adults of target insects and is highly effective in preventing transmission of plant viruses. The rapid cessation of feeding by treated insects, strong residual activity, and translaminar properties provided by PQZ allows immediate and long-lasting protection against insect pests and the viruses they transmit. PQZ has demonstrated selectivity to beneficial insects and has a favorable environmental profile, making it an excellent fit for Integrated Pest Management (IPM) practices. The product has been classified by IRAC as a Chordotonal Organ TRPV Channel Modulator (Subgroup 9B).. PQZ is a foliar insecticide that ...
Stereological methods were used in this study to ensure accurate and unbiased quantification of synapse numbers in antennal lobes of the brain. To establish an appropriate sampling regimen, however, it was necessary to obtain some indication of the size and distribution of synapses in the antennal lobes of the bee. Synapse size data were used to determine the distance between disector pairs, and distribution data were used to determine the intensity of sampling required. Synapse complexity was examined also to provide a preliminary assessment of potential changes in connectivity.. Synapse size and complexity. Synapse size was calculated from measurements of how many consecutive sections a synapse was observed to span; the number of postsynaptic processes associated with each presynaptic process provided a measure of synapse complexity. Because both of these features may be age- or activity-dependent, size and complexity of synapses was examined for each glomerulus in a newly emerged adult ...
Background: In spite of temporal advancements in medicine, hypertension (HTN) remains a leading cardiovascular risk factor with suboptimal rates of control. The burden imposed by this cardiovascular risk factor on the nations emergency system is not well-understood. We sought to characterize emergency department (ED) visits among adults ≥18 years that included a diagnosis of hypertension in the 2006-2010 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample.. Methods: We defined hypertension using ICD-9 diagnosis codes based on the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality indicators for potentially preventable conditions. Appropriate sampling weights were applied to obtain national estimates and 95% confidence intervals.. Results: Over the 5-year period, the estimated total annual rate of ED visits among US adults was 98.3 million - 19.9% (n=19,534,992) of these visits included HTN as diagnosis. Rates of ED visits with HTN tended to increase over time [2006: 18.1 (17.6 - 18.6), 2007: 19.0 (18.5 - 19.5); ...
Encontre pesticide com ótimos preços e condições na Saraiva. Temos Pesticide Application Methods, Pesticide Synthesis Handbook e muito mais.
A: Mix 2 milliliters of Agro Charger into every 1 litre of water and liberally spray to bathe the plants. You can also mix non-ionic spreaders/ wetters to the mixture before bathing the plants. Completely bathe the plants (including its leaves, bark and branches) with a pressure/ power spray, a foliar spray or an electrostatic spray.. For drip irrigation system, add the above mentioned ratio of Agro Charger into the tank.. Repeat this application every 15 days and enjoy seeing your healthy and luscious crop grow.. The application method for Agro Charger may vary slightly depending on the type vegetation. Please contact us for further information.. Q: What type of nozzle, spray or drip should I use to apply Agro Charger? ...
Montys Nauxin may be applied in water, liquid fertilizers and suspensions, or with most herbicides and pesticides. Application rates and dilution factors depend on crop sensitivity, the amount of foliage to be sprayed and the application method. Montys recommends first taking a soil test or plant tissue test, and having a qualified lab analyze the samples to determine micronutrient levels in your soil or plant, then follow recommended applications. Application guidelines for one growing season in the absence of a soil test or plant tissue test: 1 to 2 quarts per acre.. ...
The regulatory risk assessment of pesticides aims at defining the conditions of use that lead to acceptable risks and, when applied to ground water or surface, the conditions of use that guarantees that quality criteria are respected. This may include the request for risk mitigation measures, applied to application rates or frequency, hydro/pedological criteria, application methods or farming practices. This session will cover the following aspects of risk mitigation in the area of water protection:. ...
By Ingredient (Humic substances, Humic acid, Fulvic acid, Seaweed extracts, Microbial amendments, Amino acids, Vitamins, Trace Minerals, Polysaccharides, Others Ingredients) by Crop Type (Cereals & grains, Fruits & vegetables, Turf & ornamentals, Oilseeds & pulses, Forage and Plantation Crops, Others), by Application Method (Foliar treatment, Soil treatment, Seed treatment) Form (Dry, liquid) PLUS COVID-19 Impact Analysis and Recovery Pattern Analysis (V-shaped, W-shaped, U-shaped, L-shaped) Profiles of Leading Companies, Region and Country
Although other application methods are also acceptable, the ideal way to apply Vivilon restorer is to spray it on. This achieves speed and the finest finish. Its synthetic moisturizing molecules penetrate into and completely encapsulate weather-damaged pigments with image enhancers to guarantee exact original-color restoration. As it quickly air dries, Vivilons blend of extended-wear acrylic and nylon resins microbond with the existing surface to create maximum adhesion. Within minutes, an impermeable, virtually maintenance-free weather barrier is created that is guaranteed not to crack, peel, discolor or lose its gloss for a minimum of five years. However, actual exterior-exposure durability often exceeds 10 years. And, even then, whenever it starts to fade, it is easily reapplied after a quick cleaning for additional years of carefree service. Application can be done by in-house maintenance personnel with factory technical support or by Vivilon certified contractors. Vivilon can offer this ...
IBM Press Room - Today, Sutter Health, IBM Research and Geisinger Health System announce the award of a $2 million joint research grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to develop new and sophisticated big data analytics and application methods that could help doctors detect heart failure years sooner than is now possible.
Broadcast fertilization of phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) is a popular and low-cost fertilizer application method. A band application theoretically could further increase yield of row crops or reduce the optimum fertilization rate under some conditions. Concentrating these nutrients in bands could increase nutrient uptake in soils with unusually high capacity to fix P and K and when root growth is restricted by unfavorable soil conditions.
TY - CHAP. T1 - Mass spectrometry imaging using the stretched sample approach. AU - Zimmerman, Tyler A.. AU - Rubakhin, Stanislav S.. AU - Sweedler, Jonathan V.. PY - 2010/12/1. Y1 - 2010/12/1. N2 - Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) can determine tissue localization for a variety of analytes with high sensitivity, chemical specificity, and spatial resolution. MS image quality typically depends on the MALDI matrix application method used, particularly when the matrix solution or powder is applied directly to the tissue surface. Improper matrix application results in spatial redistribution of analytes and reduced MS signal quality. Here we present a stretched sample imaging protocol that removes the dependence of MS image quality on the matrix application process and improves analyte extraction and sample desalting. First, the tissue sample is placed on a monolayer of solid support beads that are embedded in a hydrophobic membrane. Stretching the ...
CUSTOMER: Municipality in southern Ontario. APPLICATION DATE: 1999 and on-going. PROBLEM: High grit content in pumped sewage was severely eroding pumps in this pumping station. SUBSTRATE: Cast iron. APPLICATION METHOD: CPR Material was applied in accordance with CPR written application guidelines and shaped to contour. CPR FACTS: Excellent results with both CPR Materials have led to this customer specifying CPR coatings in their new pumps.. ...
Certification:. The PCT must be certified as a hemodialysis technician by a nationally accepted certification exam within 18 months of date of hire.. DCI is a federal contractor and an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer-Veterans/Individuals with Disabilities. If you are having difficulty using the online application system or would like to request other accommodations or application methods, please contact Doug Patterson at [email protected] or 615-327-3061. Once a request has been made, DCI will initiate a discussion with you about your needs and whether an accommodation can be provided. DCI is committed to providing such accommodations where possible.. For more information about equal opportunity please see:. https://www.dol.gov/ofccp/regs/compliance/posters/pdf/eeopost.pdf;. https://www.dol.gov/ofccp/regs/compliance/posters/pdf/OFCCP_EEO_Supplement_Final_JRF_QA_508c.pdf;. https://www.dol.gov/ofccp/pdf/pay-transp_formattedESQA508c.pdf; ...
NRT is the unique application of pain-free stimuli which elicit an inhibition (relaxation) response from the nervous system to a target muscle which resets or down-regulates the tonus of that muscle to normal. This restores circulation, releases tension and pain is gone. All in just a few seconds.. NRT is a very creative way of utilizing the principle of reciprocal inhibition, a naturally occurring phenomenon in the nervous system, to reset the tonus of a muscle. NRT is based on neurological laws, anatomy, and kinesiology. It applies a stimulus to the patients nervous system and elicits a response that is predictable, repeatable, and reproducible. Using one or a combination of 6 application methods, stimulus is applied to the patients nervous system in a way that elicits the inhibition response in the target muscle. This relaxes the muscles as well as softens the muscle, relieving tender points, trigger points, hypertonicity, ischemia, and increases ROM in a matter of 2 to 30 seconds. ...
1. Identification 1.1. Product identifier Product Identity Alternate Names 1.2. Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against Intended use Skin Preparation Application Method
PAM Use Considerations: Always add PAM slowly to turbulent water; NEVER ADD WATER TO PAM. If water is added to PAM, or if PAM is added to water so fast that wet PAM grains or emulsion drops contact each other before completely dissolving, a gel layer forms around the partially hydrated drops. This essentially stops the remaining PAM from dissolving. Globs (sometimes called fish eyes because of their appearance) or gel slabs form that do not dissolve. These globs can clog pipes, dispensers etc. They can be washed away in the water flow without providing any benefit in the field, resulting in under-application because of incomplete dissolving of dispensed PAM. An exception to this rule is use of the PAM patch application method, in which 0.5 to 1 ounce of PAM is sprinkled along the furrow-bottom just below the water source prior to turning in the water. With the patch method, you are intentionally forming a small gel slab at the inlet of the furrow. The slow dissolving of the slab by the furrow ...
To be used on all animals for cuts, scratches, grazes, burns and abrasions. Apply to wounded area and margins over a period of time to see results. See Directions for more on application method.
Captan, Monie R. (2016). Introduction to Liberian Government and Political System. Lulu Press. ISBN 9781483448787. "Ambassador ...
Captan, Monie R. (13 April 2016). Introduction to Liberian Government and Political System. Lulu Press, Inc. ISBN 9781483448787 ...
"Actor Omar Sheriff Captan turns 'prophet'". ghanaweb.com. Retrieved 2019-02-02. "Kojo Dadson bounces back as a musician". ... Omar Sheriff Captan Michaela Coel (born 1987) Kojo Dadson Paul Danquah (1925-2015), British actor of Ghanaian heritage David ...
Experiments have shown that the use of ziram and captan can reduce the incidence of leaf blight by 75-80% in treated trees. ... As with leaf blight use of captan and ziram has been shown to reduce total incidence of almond scab infection. Shot hole ... Captan in one to three applications has been used as the primary fungicide to combat this disease. It has been shown to reduce ... Fusicoccum canker is primarily controlled using captan. Research has shown that regular applications can reduce infectious ...
"My Career Is NOT Dead; The Movie Industry Is- Omar Sheriff Captan". GhGossip. 2019-02-15. Retrieved 2020-02-05. Facebook Page. ... Opoku Kwarteng Eazzy Bukom Banku Tacha Kofi Mole Bismark The Joke Eno Barony Timothy Bentum Joyce Blessing Omar Sheriff Captan ...
Joint 77 x Addi Self x Captan [Prod. by Willis Beatz]". vibehubs.com. Retrieved 17 September 2017. "Guru: Rapper drops "Samba" ...
Chemical control uses fungicides such as iprodione, mancozeb and captan. Disease severity is aggravated by severe mite ...
Captan and Thiram are common fungicides used on strawberry plants. The bacteria, Pseudomonas fluorescens, is a proven ...
Her son-in-law, Monie Captan, was appointed Foreign Minister. In 2001, she was placed on a United Nations Security Council list ...
He was succeeded later the same year by Monie R. Captan. United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service (1993). Daily ...
Examples include Captan, which is considered carcinogenic under some conditions, and Procymidone. In the 21st century new ...
It focuses on a German landowner Captan von Arndt and his family. It was shot on location in East Prussia and at UFA's ...
On 25 February there was a memo to Captan de Barrass, of Tarleton. On 19 March a second memo mentioned Captain de Barrass of ...
It is structurally related to Captan, which is also a trichloromethylsulfenyl-containing fungicide. As of December 2019[update ...
"Captan en video sillazo a Evo Morales en asamblea de su partido MAS". El Universal (in Spanish). 15 December 2020. Retrieved 16 ...
The first focuses on the Yliguynes and their two gods, Captan and Maguayen. The second focuses on the Tinguines, who believed ...
"Captan en video sillazo a Evo Morales en asamblea de su partido MAS". El Universal (in Spanish). 15 December 2020. Retrieved 4 ...
JOINT 77 X ADDI SELF X CAPTAN ( OFFICIAL VIDEO)". Bygonegh.com. Bygonegh. Retrieved 27 September 2017. "Music Video Shatta Wale ...
"Captan a Ximena Duque y David Chocarro de romance en Villa Paraiso (video)" (in Spanish). En el brasero. Retrieved September 16 ...
It is mainly used as an intermediate for the synthesis of dyes and fungicides (captan, folpet). It is a colorless oil, although ...
Daines was involved in the development of Captan and Phaltan, fungicides used to protect apple crops. He also was involved in ...
... Reborn, Captain Canuck UnHoly War (also called West Coast Canuck) and Captan Canuck Legacy. In 2012 Richard ...
"Review of Fragments of Voyages and Travels, including Anecdotes of a Naval Life by Captan Basil Hall. 3 vols. 1831". The ...
Its mechanism of action is similar to that of trichloromethyl sulfenyl fungicides such as captan and folpet. According to the ...
There are three main types of fungicides that are effective against peach scab: captan, chlorothalonil, and demethylation ...
... was founded in 1998 by Talaat Captan, a veteran of the film industry and aviation enthusiast. Captan was the ...
These include lime sulfur or copper application, captan/fenhexamid mixture (Captevate 68WDG) applied when 8-10" shoot growth, ...
For information on control methods go to: Cercospora leafspot can be controlled with copper oxychloride, Captan, Maneb, Zineb ...
Other commercial products often used include Mancozeb, Captan, Ziram, Sovran, Rally, Elite, Inspire Super, Adamant, Mettle, ...
Fungicide seed treatments include: captan, mancozeb, maneb, thiram, pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB) or carboxin guazatine plus, ...
Farm-Ag International combines generations of experience with passion and commitment. Offering tried and trusted crop protection solutions at competitive prices is not just what we do. ...
Shatta Movement front man Shatta Wale collaborate with Captan on this new song titled Kimberly. ... Shatta Wale Ft Captan Kimberly mp3 download. Shatta Movement frontman Shatta Wale collaborate with Captan to release a new song ... Shatta Wale - Kimberly Ft Captan (Prod. By Gold Up Music). ... Shatta Wale - Kimberly Ft Captan (Prod. By Gold Up Music) [ ... Shatta Wale Ft Captan Kimberly mp3 download. ...
":"Failsworth Carloway 8pce Cap - Tan (2013) - 55","public_title":"55","options":["55"],"price":16500,"weight":500,"compare_at_ ... ":"Failsworth Carloway 8pce Cap - Tan (2013) - 56","public_title":"56","options":["56"],"price":16500,"weight":500,"compare_at_ ... ":"Failsworth Carloway 8pce Cap - Tan (2013) - 57","public_title":"57","options":["57"],"price":16500,"weight":500,"compare_at_ ... ":"Failsworth Carloway 8pce Cap - Tan (2013) - 58","public_title":"58","options":["58"],"price":16500,"weight":500,"compare_at_ ...
Home › Clarks Becken Cap Tan Leather * * * .product-image--slider:not(.is-fullscreen) #ProductImageCellContainer-14082717286485 ...
Unisex Leather hat cap tan Boston. Wide selection of Unisex Leather Hats Handcrafted Made In Italy. Sale up to 70%. Worldwide Shipping. Tax Free. Buy Now!
Power House - Perfect Nylon 6-Panel Cap - Tan/Beige. £24.00 Perfect 6-Panel Camp Hat by Power House Japan ...
Beoordeel Condor Outdoor Tactical Cap Tan (TC-003). Condor Outdoor Tactical Cap Tan (TC-003). Baseball cap model met velcro. ... Condor Outdoor Tactical Cap Tan (TC-003). Baseball cap model met velcro. One size fits most. Gemaakt van originele ... Condor Outdoor Tactical Mesh Cap Tan (TCM-003) . Baseball cap model met velcro... ...
Copyright 2016 Captan Law. All Rights Reserved. Andrew Captan - Criminal Lawyer 603 1/2 Parliament Street, Toronto, ON, M4X 1P9 ... About Andrew Captan. Andrew Captan is a criminal lawyer practicing in the Greater Toronto Area, representing clients from all ... Assault Causing Bodily Harm Lawyer in TorontoAndrew Captan2016-03-09T03:03:37+00:00. Andrew Captan is a Toronto Criminal Lawyer ...
... ge. Regular price $29.99 Sale price $0.00 Unit price /per ... Diener Seeds Farming Hat 5 Panel Snapback Ball Cap Tan and Green Vintage. Worn and well cared for showing some general wear as ... Home › Diener Seeds Farming Hat 5 Panel Snapback Ball Cap Tan and Green Vintage ...
Qué vergüenza! Captan a Sergio Goyri llamando "pinche india a Yalitza Aparicio ... Captan a Sergio Goyri llamando "pinche india' a Yalitza Aparicio» - Ana María Canseco frameborder=0 marginwidth=0 ... Captan a Sergio Goyri llamando pinche india a Yalitza Aparicio,/a,,/blockquote, ,script type=text/javascript, ,!--//--,,![ ... anamariacanseco.com/que-verguenza-captan-a-sergio-goyri-llamando-pinche-india-a-yalitza-aparicio/embed/ width=600 height= ...
Giraffington Park - OSFMost Giraffe Print Baseball Ball Cap Tan Spots on Cream Cotton Fabric Ladies Womens Mens Fashion Hat by ...
The first presentation was from Solange Captan, Esq., Director of Tuition and Counsel for SINAI Schools, who presented "Best ...
This did not occur on another Mac running El Captan or using thunderbird on the... ... This did not occur on another Mac running El Captan or using thunderbird on the Mojave computer. Thunderbird gave me an option ...
Iron Man, Spider-Man, Captan America, and Thor will always take priority over everyone else. Those are the main characters and ...
yes we do.. i will speak to our elected captan and hopefully we can organise a reasonable price at korineum ..can you give me ...
All Confederate Ball Cap - Tan/Black $ 15.00 Add to cart; Gadsden Flag Hat … ...
Lara Captan Nadine Chahine Menno Cruijsen D. Catherine Dixon Hannes von Döhren F. Field Nils Frahm Tobias Frere-Jones Andreas ...
chadi captan. 1y↑4. They dont make music like this anymore, Lee Morgan is killing it. ...
The god MC is out with this new single dubbed No Long Talk. The title of this song will definitely give music lovers a lot of thinkings.
La Cappytan.. french for captan. Catch of the day is. Is(Fun). ...
Distressed Leopard Cap , TAN mesh snapback $16.99 $8.99 Quick view Out of STock ...
Legacy Cap Tan. $31.99. Add to cart. * Camo Beanie. $14.99. Add to cart ...
Your subtotal today is $-.--. Tax included and shipping calculated at checkout. Go to cart ...
Products from the Department of Public Safety Officers Association headquartered in Austin, Texas
Simms Original Patch Trucker Cap Tan. The Original Patch Trucker celebrates the pioneering pursuit of unforgettable days on the ...
Captan unhappy with GBA congress process Immediate past chairman of the Ghana Boxing Authority (GBA), Samir Captan is ... Samir Captan insists he will be part of the process with the sole aim of correcting the way things are done."If the Boxing ... he added.Samir captan, who was once a promoter and trainer served as the chairman of the authority from the year 2011 till his ... of the Authoritys upcoming congress but says he will still part of the election process and run for the Chairmanship.Captan ...
Kofi Mole - Pulele! ft. Medikal (Prod. by BPM Boss): Ghanaian decorative singer and rapper, Kofi Mole begins the year with this dope hiphop joint tagged Pulele! He teams up the AMG Business award-winning
Captan, Addi Self & Joint 77). OvieO ...
  • Folpet (N-(trichloromethylthio)phthalimide) and captafol (N-(1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethylthio)-4-cyclohexene-1,2-dicarboxide) hydrolyze at pH 7 with rates similar to that of captan. (epa.gov)
  • Captafol differs from captan only in the nature of the halogenated group attached to the sulphur. (inchem.org)
  • Therefore, all the information on the metabolism of captan relative to the imide portion of the molecule is considered to be applicable to captafol (Dye, 1969). (inchem.org)
  • The trichloromethylthio moiety may be responsible for the toxicity of captan. (inchem.org)
  • Captan has low toxicity levels and usually carries the label CAUTION. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Toxicity effects of captan on different life stages of zebrafish (Danio rerio). (bioportfolio.com)
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the toxicity and developmental effects of captan on different life stages (embryo and adult) of zebrafish (Danio rerio). (bioportfolio.com)
  • Despite no report on the significant environmental toxicity hazard of captan in humans, it may exhibit adverse effects, described above, on wild organisms. (tokushima-u.ac.jp)
  • Captan is a general use pesticide (GUP) that belongs to the phthalimide class of fungicides . (wikipedia.org)
  • Although it can be applied on its own, Captan is often added as a component of other pesticide mixtures. (wikipedia.org)
  • PESTICIDE RESIDUES IN FOOD - 1980 Sponsored jointly by FAO and WHO EVALUATIONS 1980 Joint meeting of the FAO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Residues in Food and the Environment and the WHO Expert Group on Pesticide Residues Rome, 6-15 October 1980 CAPTAN Explanation Captan has been reviewed by the Joint Meeting on several occasions, initially in 1965 and most recently in 1978 (FAO/WHO, 1966, 1979). (inchem.org)
  • Sixty eight kinds of pesticides were added to the flour to a concentration of 0.1 ppm for each pesticide except captan, 1 ppm and acetamiprid, 0.5 ppm. (jascoinc.com)
  • High concentrations of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)), captan, and folpet induce duodenal tumors in mice. (toxstrategies.com)
  • B6C3F1 mice ( n = 20 per group) were exposed to 180 ppm Cr(VI) in drinking water, 12,000 ppm captan in feed, or 16,000 ppm folpet in feed for 28 days. (toxstrategies.com)
  • Many regulators have concluded that captan and folpet induce duodenal tumors by non-genotoxic threshold mechanisms, despite some evidence for genotoxicity in vitro. (toxstrategies.com)
  • Using standardized tissue collection procedures and diagnostic criteria, we compared the duodenal histopathology in B6C3F1 mice following exposure to captan, folpet, and Cr(VI) to determine whether they share similar histopathological characteristics. (toxstrategies.com)
  • However, the metabolism of captan in the liver does not influence excretion, as the amount of radioactivity excreted was similar for both normal, sham-operated and partially hepatectomized male Sprague-Dawley rats receiving 35 S-captan i.p. at a dosage of 6 mg/kg bw in 0.5 ml corn oil. (inchem.org)
  • Andrew Captan is a criminal lawyer practicing in the Greater Toronto Area, representing clients from all cultures, ethnicities, ages and walks of life. (toronto-criminallawyer.ca)
  • This article is about the fungicide captan. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study investigates the thermal decomposition of a widely used fungicide, captan, under gas phase conditions, similar to those occurring in fires, cigarette burning, and combustion of biomass treated or contaminated with pesticides. (edu.au)
  • The fungicide Captan should give some control. (wildflower.org)
  • The use of the fungicide Captan[R] (Medeiros et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The aim of this study was to characterize and compare nine types of powder-free, unlined, and unsupported nitrile gloves using attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectrometry to assess suitability for surface infrared analysis of the dicarboximide fungicide Captan. (cdc.gov)
  • Help, please: what is the recommended application mix-ratio for Captan 50WP for bud-drench, trunk and trunk-base-root treatment for post-frost-damage/cool-wet-spring fungus avoidance? (palmtalk.org)
  • Many forums recommend the Captan for prophylactic fungus treatment for the Mexican Fan Palm, but none of the manufacturers* have a mix rate on the label for palms - only for fruit and ornamentals. (palmtalk.org)
  • Effectiveness of a mixture of bromuconazole and captan in controlling colonization by the fungus was also evaluated. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The Texas A&M University Extension recommends using captan fungicide on new wounds or cuts to prevent the growth of fungus as tree heals. (ehow.com)
  • 1988). Biotransformation Captan is rapidly hydrolyzed with cleavage of the N-S bond in the blood and in the gut in rats. (inchem.org)
  • Moreover, captan exposure can induce a series of deformities, including pericardial edema, yolk sac edema, spine curvature, and tail bending, in zebrafish embryos during the developmental period. (bioportfolio.com)
  • However, products that contain captan may carry the word DANGER if it is packaged in a concentrated form, often as dust or powder. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Also highly effective is the antifungal dust, captan (see sidebar, page 17). (equisearch.com)
  • I usually watch closely and when damp-off or mold becomes apparent, dust the seed and seedlings with a 50% Captan powder. (vt.edu)
  • The Copper (SouthernAg liquid concentrate) has the mix rate, but the Captan 50WP (AgriStar) does not. (palmtalk.org)
  • Exposures to thiram, captan (133062), aldrin (309002), Victoria green (569642), gamma-benzenehexachloride (58899), and beta-benzenehexachloride (319857) are determined as not excessive. (cdc.gov)
  • Several captan, myclobutanil, and ?multi-purpose? (garden.org)
  • Among the most notorious are captan, aldicarb and fenamiphos. (nytimes.com)
  • In the same study captan was shown to inhibit glucose utilization, sulfhydryl compounds reversed the inhibition of DNA, RNA and protein synthesis (Elder, 1989). (inchem.org)
  • Before cell death occurred, captan elevated the intracellular concentrations of Ca2+ and Zn2+ and decreased the concentration of cellular thiol compounds. (tokushima-u.ac.jp)
  • Exposure to captan is said to cause major irritation to the eyes, skin and the respiratory tract. (naturalpedia.com)
  • USE PATTERNS On apples in the Netherlands A formulation containing 55.37 captan and 16.77 nitrothal-isopropyl has been used since 1979 to control apple scab and mildew. (inchem.org)
  • Captan is a recommended fungicide for treating scab. (ehow.com)
  • Quantum chemical calculations indicated that captan decomposes unimolecularly, via fission of the C-S bond, with the ensuing radicals reacting with O2. (edu.au)
  • An evaluation of the common mechanism approach to the Food Quality Protection Act: Captan and four related fungicides, a practical example. (wikipedia.org)
  • Captan, a phthalimide fungicide, is considered to be relatively nontoxic to mammals. (tokushima-u.ac.jp)
  • The 1980 Meeting was provided with, and evaluated, additional information on good agricultural practice on apples and potatoes and residues of captan on cherries after spraying and on potatoes after post-harvest treatments. (inchem.org)
  • In mice administered a single oral dose of 156 mg/kg of [ 14 C- trichloromethyl]-labelled captan with a specific activity of 50-56 mCi/mmol the number of trichloromethyl carbon atoms per DNA nucleotide ranged from 1x10 -6 for testicular DNA to 8x10 -5 for gastric DNA. (inchem.org)
  • Under oxidative conditions, the thermal decomposition of captan generated gaseous pollutants including carbon disulfide, thiophosgene, phosgene, and hydrogen cyanide. (edu.au)
  • These captan-induced phenomena are shown to cause cell death and are similar to those caused by oxidative stress. (tokushima-u.ac.jp)
  • Since there is some indication of inhibition of germination by Captan, it would seem wise to restrict its use. (vt.edu)
  • Since the mode of action has been established as a proliferative response (in mice only) after intestinal villi are disrupted, captan has been deemed not likely to cause tumors at doses that do not irritate the intestine . (wikipedia.org)
  • The most typical reaction of the captan molecule is with thiols to form tetrahydrophthalimide and thiocarbonyl chloride. (inchem.org)
  • The EPA now states, "The new cancer classification considers captan to be a potential carcinogen at prolonged high doses that cause cytotoxicity and regenerative cell hyperplasia . (wikipedia.org)
  • Captan also elevated the cytotoxicity of hydrogen peroxide. (tokushima-u.ac.jp)
  • I have been told to alternate two treatments of copper and Captan. (palmtalk.org)
  • Commercially treated seed (Captan and Allegiance) of cv. (usda.gov)
  • In these containers, I try to keep water off the plants at all times and even use a dry Captan powder, as mentioned above, rather than liquid preparations for the suppression of damp-off or molds. (vt.edu)
  • Captan, which is known by its trade names that include Vancide 89, Agrox, Clomitane, Merpan, and Orthocide, is a non-systemic dicarboxymide fungicide that is used to inhibit the growth of fungi that cause diseases to many fruit, ornamental, and vegetable crops. (naturalpedia.com)
  • The results of developmental effect experiment showed that captan can significantly decrease the heartbeats and inhibit the hatching rate and growth of zebrafish embryos. (bioportfolio.com)
  • These high doses of captan are many orders of magnitude above those likely to be consumed in the diet, or encountered by individuals in occupational or residential settings. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, T. asperellum T8a growth was inhibited 6% at doses of 0.5 g L -1 of Captan 50 ® , not observing effects on this strain at lower doses of the fungicide. (scielo.org.mx)
  • In view of concerns with respect to carcinogenicity in mice, the 1984 Joint Meeting desired further work or information on comparative study of the metabolic fate of captan in rats and mice and further observations in humans. (inchem.org)
  • Captan is utilized by both home and agricultural growers and is often applied during apple production. (wikipedia.org)
  • Captan can be used by commercial agricultural companies and by the small-scale home gardener. (naturalpedia.com)
  • Effects on enzymes and other biochemical parameters Captan inhibits the synthesis of DNA, RNA and protein in Ehrlich ascites tumour cells. (inchem.org)
  • There is a possibility that captan affects membrane and cellular parameters of mammalian cells, resulting in adverse effects, because of high residue levels. (tokushima-u.ac.jp)
  • The sterol biosynthesis inhibitors bromuconazole and difenoconazole and tank mixes of each fungicide with captan were applied to apples and evaluated as controls for moldy-core and fruit decay caused by Alternaria alternata. (semanticscholar.org)
  • In a similar study in which both the mice and rats were administered higher dosages of captan with lower specific activities, no radioactivity was associated with tissue DNA (Elder, 1989). (inchem.org)
  • The objective of this study was to quantify the interaction Captan 50 ® - Trichoderma asperelleum T8a as synergistic alternative to control Colletotrichum gloeosporioides ATCC MYA 456, causal agent of anthracnose in mango. (scielo.org.mx)
  • The data indicate the potential of this integrated alternative to reduce the application of Captan 50 ® , enhance control of C. gloeosporioides, and reduce economic/environmental problems by the use of this fungicide in field. (scielo.org.mx)
  • El objetivo del presente estudio fue cuantificar la interacción Captan 50 ® - Trichoderma asperellum T8a como alternativa sinérgica para el control de Colletotrichum gloeosporioides ATCC MYA 456, agente causal de la antracnosis en el mango. (scielo.org.mx)
  • El agente de control biológico, T. asperellum T8a, mostró una inhibición in vitro de 91% en el crecimiento del fitopatógeno, mediante mecanismos micoparasíticos. (scielo.org.mx)
  • Los datos indican el potencial de la presente alternativa integrada para reducir la aplicación de Captan 50 ® , potenciar el control de C. gloeosporioides , y reducir los problemas económicos/ambientales por el uso de este fungicida en campo. (scielo.org.mx)
  • Captan Fungicide 50%WP, control of gray mold on strawberry: 833.3~1250mg/kg. (wpc-board.com)
  • Captan will help control a fungal disease. (garden.org)
  • Treatment with 10 and 30 μM captan induced apoptotic and necrotic cell death. (tokushima-u.ac.jp)
  • Identify commercial opportunities in Captan and related industries. (bharatbook.com)
  • To test the possibility, we examined the effects of captan on rat thymic lymphocytes using flow-cytometry with appropriate fluorescent probes. (tokushima-u.ac.jp)
  • Results indicate that 10 and 30 μM captan cause cytotoxic effects on mammalian cells. (tokushima-u.ac.jp)
  • This subscription is a monthly report on exports of Captan from China based on raw data obtained from the China Customs. (bharatbook.com)
  • Summary of residues of captan on cherries from pre- and post-harvest applications Country Cultivar/ Year Application Residues 1 (mg/kg) at intervals (days) after application (reference) type no. kg ai/ha formulation 0 1 3-5 7-8 10-12 14-15 17 (spray concen. (inchem.org)
  • As a subscriber to the Captan export analysis, CCM also offers you an upgraded version of the report- Manufacturer to Buyer (MTB) Analysis, which contains additional buyer information behind each deal. (bharatbook.com)
  • EMAILWIRE.COM, January 21, 2017 ) Captan is a white or pale yellowish brown-colored compound. (emailwire.com)

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