Capital Punishment: The use of the death penalty for certain crimes.Punishment: The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.ArgentinaLegislation as Topic: The enactment of laws and ordinances and their regulation by official organs of a nation, state, or other legislative organization. It refers also to health-related laws and regulations in general or for which there is no specific heading.Hemorrhagic Fever, American: Diseases caused by American hemorrhagic fever viruses (ARENAVIRUSES, NEW WORLD).Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Christianity: The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Law Enforcement: Organized efforts to insure obedience to the laws of a community.Parenting: Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.Homicide: The killing of one person by another.Codes of Ethics: Systematic statements of principles or rules of appropriate professional conduct, usually established by professional societies.Clergy: Persons ordained for religious duties, who serve as leaders and perform religious services.ConnecticutCatholicism: The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)Roman World: A historical and cultural entity dispersed across a wide geographical area under the political domination and influence of ancient Rome, bringing to the conquered people the Roman civilization and culture from 753 B.C. to the beginning of the imperial rule under Augustus in 27 B.C. The early city built on seven hills grew to conquer Sicily, Sardinia, Carthage, Gaul, Spain, Britain, Greece, Asia Minor, etc., and extended ultimately from Mesopotamia to the Atlantic. Roman medicine was almost entirely in Greek hands, but Rome, with its superior water system, remains a model of sanitation and hygiene. (From A. Castiglioni, A History of Medicine, 2d ed pp196-99; from F. H. Garrison, An Introduction to the History of Medicine, 4th ed, pp107-120)Religion: A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)TennesseePastoral Care: Counseling or comfort given by ministers, priests, rabbis, etc., to those in need of help with emotional problems or stressful situations.Animal Rights: The moral and ethical bases of the protection of animals from cruelty and abuse. The rights are extended to domestic animals, laboratory animals, and wild animals.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Lawyers: Persons whose profession is to give legal advice and assistance to clients and represent them in legal matters. (American Heritage Dictionary, 3d ed)Drug Users: People who take drugs for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. The drugs may be legal or illegal, but their use often results in adverse medical, legal, or social consequences for the users.Prisons: Penal institutions, or places of confinement for war prisoners.Religion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Loranthaceae: The showy mistletoe plant family of the order Santalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. This includes parasitic tropical plants with haustoria connecting to the hosts. The leaves are opposite and thick. The flowers (4-7) have both calyx and corolla. The fruit is a berry with one seed.Hospitals, Religious: Private hospitals that are owned or sponsored by religious organizations.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Police: Agents of the law charged with the responsibility of maintaining and enforcing law and order among the citizenry.Crime: A violation of the criminal law, i.e., a breach of the conduct code specifically sanctioned by the state, which through its administrative agencies prosecutes offenders and imposes and administers punishments. The concept includes unacceptable actions whether prosecuted or going unpunished.Crime Victims: Individuals subjected to and adversely affected by criminal activity. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)PrisonersDehumanization: The process by which a person or group of persons comes to be regarded or treated as lacking in human qualities.Bence Jones Protein: An abnormal protein with unusual thermosolubility characteristics that is found in the urine of patients with MULTIPLE MYELOMA.Unemployment: The state of not being engaged in a gainful occupation.Synephrine: Sympathetic alpha-adrenergic agonist with actions like PHENYLEPHRINE. It is used as a vasoconstrictor in circulatory failure, asthma, nasal congestion, and glaucoma.Patient Handoff: The transferring of patient care responsibility from one health-care professional to another.Commitment of Mentally Ill: Legal process required for the institutionalization of a patient with severe mental problems.Medical History Taking: Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.Criminals: Persons who have committed a crime or have been convicted of a crime.Capitalism: A political and economic system characterized by individual rights, by private or corporate ownership of capital goods, and by prices, production, and the distribution of goods that are determined mainly by competition in a free market. (From Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Life Support Systems: Systems that provide all or most of the items necessary for maintaining life and health. Provisions are made for the supplying of oxygen, food, water, temperature and pressure control, disposition of carbon dioxide and body waste. The milieu may be a spacecraft, a submarine, or the surface of the moon. In medical care, usually under hospital conditions, LIFE SUPPORT CARE is available. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary)Social Welfare: Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.Weapons of Mass Destruction: Weapons that are capable of a high order of destruction and/or of being used to destroy large numbers of people. It includes NUCLEAR WEAPONS, and biological, chemical, and radiation weapons.Economic Recession: Significant decline in economic activity spread across the economy, lasting more than a few months, normally visible in real gross domestic product, real income, employment, industrial production, and wholesale-retail sales. (National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc,, accessed 4/23/2009)Journalism: The collection, preparation, and distribution of news and related commentary and feature materials through such media as pamphlets, newsletters, newspapers, magazines, radio, motion pictures, television, and books. While originally applied to the reportage of current events in printed form, specifically newspapers, with the advent of radio and television the use of the term has broadened to include all printed and electronic communication dealing with current affairs.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.ArizonaDistrict of Columbia: A federal area located between Maryland and Virginia on the Potomac river; it is coextensive with Washington, D.C., which is the capital of the United States.Euthanasia: The act or practice of killing or allowing death from natural causes, for reasons of mercy, i.e., in order to release a person from incurable disease, intolerable suffering, or undignified death. (from Beauchamp and Walters, Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 5th ed)

Physician participation in capital punishment: a question of professional integrity. (1/14)

The death penalty is legal in 36 states, and physicians are expected to attend and participate in executions. Yet, every major medical and health-related organization opposes physician participation in capital punishment. This article argues that it is unethical for physicians within the role as medical professional to participate in capital punishment, and that such acts erode the foundation of trust at the heart of medical practice. We believe that it is important for professional groups and medical societies to impose sanctions on members who choose to participate in executions.  (+info)

'Libyan Trial': a verdict running counter to scientific evidence. (2/14)

Sidaction's appeal regarding the sentencing of medical personnels in the Libyan-HIV infection cases.  (+info)

Libya, HIV, and open communication. (3/14)

This year-end editorial discusses several points including the recent Libyan verdict sentencing five Bulgarian nurses and a Palestinian doctor to death for allegedly infecting 426 children with HIV. It also comments on the role played by open communication for bridging cultural misunderstandings and summarizes briefly Retrovirology's progress in 2006.  (+info)

Lethal injection for execution: chemical asphyxiation? (4/14)

BACKGROUND: Lethal injection for execution was conceived as a comparatively humane alternative to electrocution or cyanide gas. The current protocols are based on one improvised by a medical examiner and an anesthesiologist in Oklahoma and are practiced on an ad hoc basis at the discretion of prison personnel. Each drug used, the ultrashort-acting barbiturate thiopental, the neuromuscular blocker pancuronium bromide, and the electrolyte potassium chloride, was expected to be lethal alone, while the combination was intended to produce anesthesia then death due to respiratory and cardiac arrest. We sought to determine whether the current drug regimen results in death in the manner intended. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We analyzed data from two US states that release information on executions, North Carolina and California, as well as the published clinical, laboratory, and veterinary animal experience. Execution outcomes from North Carolina and California together with interspecies dosage scaling of thiopental effects suggest that in the current practice of lethal injection, thiopental might not be fatal and might be insufficient to induce surgical anesthesia for the duration of the execution. Furthermore, evidence from North Carolina, California, and Virginia indicates that potassium chloride in lethal injection does not reliably induce cardiac arrest. CONCLUSIONS: We were able to analyze only a limited number of executions. However, our findings suggest that current lethal injection protocols may not reliably effect death through the mechanisms intended, indicating a failure of design and implementation. If thiopental and potassium chloride fail to cause anesthesia and cardiac arrest, potentially aware inmates could die through pancuronium-induced asphyxiation. Thus the conventional view of lethal injection leading to an invariably peaceful and painless death is questionable.  (+info)

Media influenced imitative hanging: a report from West Bengal. (5/14)

Media influences behaviour, especially of the young children and adolescents in various ways. The present study examined the media coverage of a judicial hanging and its immediate social effect. In a qualitative study the media coverage of a case of a judicial hanging was thoroughly discussed and the media influence, for over a period of ten weeks of the incident, in terms of suicide and copying of hanging among children, was collected and analysed. Eighteen cases were reported as an aftermath of this hanging: 1 suicide and 17 imitative hanging in children with 5 deaths. This report calls for attention that media should be cautious and responsible in presenting the news items that have potential social impact.  (+info)

Punishing physicians who torture: a work in progress. (6/14)

BACKGROUND: There are only a few anecdotal accounts describing physicians being punished for complicity with torture or crimes against humanity. A fuller list of such cases would address the perception that physicians may torture with impunity and point to how to improve their accountability for such crimes. METHODS: We performed a multilingual web search of the records of international and national courts, military tribunals, medical associations (licensing boards and medical societies), medical and non-medical literature databases, human rights groups and media stories for reports of physicians who had been punished for complicity with torture or crimes against humanity that were committed after World War II. RESULTS: We found 56 physicians in eight countries who had been punished for complicity with torture or crimes against humanity. Courts punish crimes. Medical societies punish ethics violations. Fifty-one physicians (85%) had been punished by the medical associations of five countries. Eleven (18%) had been punished by domestic courts. International courts had imprisoned two (3%) physicians. Several were punished by courts and professional associations. There are open cases against 22 physicians. CONCLUSIONS: Punishments against physicians for crimes against humanity are becoming institutionalized. Medical associations must lead in shouldering responsibility for self-regulation in this matter. Physicians have supervised torture ever since medieval "Torture Physicians" certified that prisoners were medically capable of withstanding the torture and of providing the desired testimony. Revelations of sadistic medical experiments on prisoners during World War II turned the world against physician torturers and led to the "Doctor's Trial" at Nuremberg, a trial that held physicians accountable for crimes against humanity. This paper describes the largest case series of physicians who have been punished for abetting torture or other crimes against humanity committed after World War II. We wanted to: 1) describe and categorize the hearing procedures, 2) identify the roles of punished physicians, 3) categorize acts for which physicians are punished, and 4) describe the political cultures in which punishments arise. Our larger aim was to learn whether punishments against physicians for abetting torture or crimes against humanity occur under sufficiently diverse environments as to inform generalizable public policy to punish and perhaps to deter this kind of medical misconduct.  (+info)

Electrocution-related mortality: a review of 351 deaths by low-voltage electrical current. (7/14)

BACKGROUND: We describe herein the characteristics of lethal injuries caused by low-voltage electrical current (electrocution), the most frequent injury caused by electrical current. METHODS: Nine hundred forty-five cases over a period of 41 years (1965-2006) were reviewed, of which, 351 electrocution cases were identified. The descriptive statistical analyses were carried out with the application of SPSS 11.0 software. RESULTS: Electrocution accounted for 37.14% of all studied electricity-caused injuries. The average age of the victims was 35.25 years. The average age of male victims was 36.19 years and of female victims was 32.55 years. The distribution by gender showed a significant prevalence of the male sex (74.07%). Among the circumstances leading to electrocution, household accidents (78.06%) prevailed over occupational accidents (13.39%). Suicides were significantly rarer (7.41%). 66.10% of all electrocution cases occurred during the summer period from June through September. CONCLUSION: Household accidents prevail among the circumstances under which electrocution occurs, with an insignificant difference in the male/female proportion in this group. The majority of electrocutions occurred during the summer period (June-September). The results obtained in this research can help in the development of a differentiated strategy for the prevention of electrocution, while taking into consideration gender, age and season of the year.  (+info)

Beliefs about behavior account for age differences in the correspondence bias. (8/14)


Today, I want to take on another one of the big-ticket moral issues; capital punishment.. My overall position is that the issue of capital punishment is complex and depends on whether certain facts are true or false. Then again, I hold that all moral claims are to be determined to be true or false and are not to be settled by means of an appeal to feelings, intuitions, a mysterious "moral sense," or similar forms of magic.. For example, the murder rate is highest in the South, where capital punishment is widely used, and lower in Northern states which have ceased to support capital punishment. (pdf) Murder rates are higher in the United States than they are in Europe, which has also given up capital punishment. They are higher, even, than in Canada, which has also quit using capital punishment.. In this case, I suspect that the evidence suggests that capital punishment is wrong. By this I mean that society is best served by promoting an overall aversion to killing that is so strong that we are ...
Now we know all this lethal injection litigation is getting serious. Texas has carried out seven executions by lethal injection since the US Supreme Court decided to take up a procedural issue in Hill about constitutional challenges to execution protocols, and some of the executed defendants had raised (and had rejected) claims about the states lethal injection protocol. Thus, despite all the swirling lethal injection litigation, I was pretty sure Texas was going to go forward with two additional planned executions this week.. But, in another amazing chapter in the lethal injection litigation saga, today there is now this report that the highest state criminal court in Texas has granted a stay of execution: ...
Jerry,. Thank you for the informative post. If I can respond with two uninformed comments and (worse) a speculation:. 1. As you note, according to Gallup, the percent of those opposed to the death penalty has more than doubled since the late 1980s and early 1990s, and support for capital punishment has fallen to a 39-year low. It would be interesting to know if the Christian support for capital punishment has remained stable or also declined.. This would be most interesting to know for Catholics. In 1995, Pope John Paul II, in Evangelium Vitae, said that executions should only be carried out in "rare, if not practically non-existent" cases of "absolute necessity." In 1999, in St. Louis, he suggested that the death penalty was "cruel and unnecessary." Although American bishops had earlier said that the use of the death penalty was not justified in the United States (e.g., Cardinal Bernardin), this papal disapproval seemed like a development.. Has American Catholic support for the death penalty ...
For example, in October of 2009 Gallup conducted its yearly death penalty survey and found that nationally, 65% of U.S. citizens favored capital punishment for murder. Yet, incredibly, when New York City residents were asked a month later if they supported the death penalty for alleged 911 mastermind Khalid Sheikh Mohammed if found guilty, 77% sad yes while only 18% said no (USA Today/Gallup, Nov. 20-22, 2009). Politically, socially and culturally, NYC is a very liberal place. It is bluer than blue. Yet it decisively trumped the rest of the nation in support for the death penalty when a very real incident involving real evil was in play. And, I might add, one cant be a true foe of capital punishment if an exception is made for a particular individual (granted, a particularly bad one ...
Wumpscut Capital Punishment lyrics & video : Waiting as a damned mad waiting for a sign waiting for the hangman waiting in dark time Capital punishment for me Capital punishmen...
The debate on capital punishment has become more intense. Public opinion overwhelmingly supports capital punishment but does the government of the Bahamas have the will and courage to enforce laws that are currently on the books?. With 120 murders in 2013 and an average of 119 murders over the past three years, the Bahamas is now in the top 20 homicidal nations in the world per capita. Our national security and tourism product are being threatened by an epidemic level of violent crime including brutal murders, assaults and armed robberies. Bahamians and permanent residents are living in constant fear as an increasing amount of criminals daily terrorize our nation with home invasions, drive-by shootings, witness tampering, vigilante justice and in recent times the killings of innocent women, children and the elderly. We must ensure that events such as the Fox Hill massacre, when four innocent persons were murdered and seven persons injured, would never be repeated.. The Prime Minister, Attorney ...
... : Putting people down like dogs, capital punishment is Americas human rights blind spot
I hope I will not be obliged to spend too much time on my friends address. I dont think I shall need to.. First, I deny his statement that every mans heart tells him it is wrong to kill. I think every mans heart desires killing. Personally, I never killed anybody that I know of. But I have had a great deal of satisfaction now and then reading obituary notices, and I used to delight, with the rest of my 100 percent patriotic friends, when I saw ten or fifteen thousand Germans being killed in a day.. Everybody loves killing. Some of them think it is too mussy or them. Every human being believes in capital punishment loves killing, and the only reason they believe in capital punishment is because they get a kick out of it. Nobody kills anyone for love, unless they get over it temporarily or otherwise. But they kill the one they hate. And before you can get a trial to hang somebody or electrocute him, you must first hate him and then get a satisfaction over his death.. There is no emotion in any ...
This short-term study comes at a time when there is considerable national debate and commentary on the administration of the death penalty. This study combines Bible study with compelling stories from persons who have been directly affected by capital crimes to help adults form and/or reform their thinking on capital punishment. It looks at various denominational views and nations policies related to the issue, as well as providing several suggested plans for actions. Chapters include: -- What is the death penalty? -- What does the Bible say? What do we learn from the history of Christianity? What guidance do our theological and ethical traditions provide?Mabry is the author of Capital Punishment A Faith-Based Study with ISBN 9780687052363 and ISBN 068705236X. [read more] ...
Built on in-depth interviews with movement leaders and the records of key abolitionist organizations, this work traces the struggle against capital punishment in the United States since 1972. Haines reviews the legal battles that led to the short-lived suspension of the death penalty and examines the subsequent conservative turn in the courts that has forced death penalty opponents to rely less on litigation strategies and more on political action.
COLL-E 104 16508 The Death Penalty in America (Sandys M) (S & H) (3 cr.) 9:05AM 9:55AM TR See Schedule of Classes for discussion section times In our current legal system, the death penalty is presented as the ultimate punishment for the ultimate offense. This course considers whether the application of the death penalty in America meets that standard. In particular, the class will be guided by the following types of questions: What crimes are eligible for the sentence of death? How are decisions made about who receives a sentence of death? Is there racism in our system of capital punishment? Why are people in favor of or opposed to capital punishment? What role does possible incentive have in discussions about the death penalty? What is the purpose of a system of capital punishment ...
... provides annual data on prisoners under a sentence of death, as well as those who had their sentences commuted or vacated and prisoners who were executed. This study examines basic sociodemographic classifications including age, sex, race and ethnicity, marital status at time of imprisonment, level of education, and State and region of incarceration. Criminal history information includes prior felony convictions and prior convictions for criminal homicide and the legal status at the time of the capital offense. Additional information is provided on those inmates removed from death row by yearend 2010. The dataset consists of one part which contains 9,058 cases. The file provides information on inmates whose death sentences were removed in addition to information on those inmates who were executed. The file also gives information about inmates who received a second death sentence by yearend 2010 as well as inmates who were already on death ...
Justia guest columnist and Loyola Law School professor Paula Mitchell continues her series of columns on the death penalty, describing the punishments effect on jurors, justices, governors, and executioners. She presents testimonies from various people involved in different parts of the process of capital sentencing and execution. She concludes that the public should consider the impact capital punishment has on those individuals who have to make the decisions of life and death.
... This data collection provides annual data on prisoners under a sentence of death and prisoners whose offense sentences were commuted or vacated during the period 1973-2009. Information is supplied for basic sociodemographic characteristics such as age, sex, education, and state of incarceration. Criminal history data include prior felony convictions for criminal homicide and legal status at the time of the capital offense. Additional information is available for inmates removed from death row by year-end 2009 and for inmates who were executed.. This dataset is available through the ICPSR (Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research) database which provides search and browsing access to abstracts and data sets in the worlds largest archive of computerized social science data. Search or browse title of study, principal investigator, words in abstract, or study number. Browse major research categories.. Auburn University ...
Corrections officials on Thursday announced new procedures for executing prisoners by lethal injection, beating a May 1 deadline by a day and clearing a major obstacle to resuming capital punishment after a hiatus of more than four years.. The proposed changes in the death chamber procedures are intended to address concerns expressed by a federal judge in 2006 that the states previous three-drug formula may have exposed some of the 13 people executed in the last two decades to unconstitutionally cruel and unusual punishment.. Although the new procedures could get final approval from the state Office of Administrative Law within a month, executions are unlikely to resume soon as state and federal judges must first review the largely minor changes and decide whether they address the constitutional questions and procedural complaints by death penalty opponents. Those reviews are likely to extend at least through the end of the year.. California has 703 inmates on death row, and a handful of ...
Posner has a good discussion of the various issue related to capital punishment. I will concentrate my comments on deterrence, which is really the crucial issue in the acrimonious debate over capital punishment. I support the use of capital punishment for persons convicted of murder because, and only because, I believe it deters murders. If I did not believe that, I would be opposed because revenge and the other possible motives that are mentioned and discussed by Posner, should not be a basis for public policy. As Posner indicates, serious empirical research on capital punishment began with Isaac Ehrlichs pioneering...
c. 2014 USA Today (RNS) Prison guards meet in the desert to hand off chemicals for executions. A corrections boss loaded with cash travels to a pharmacy in another state to buy lethal sedatives. States across the country refuse to identify the drugs they use to put the condemned to death. This is the curious state of capital punishment in America today.
The veteran actors daughter Shruti Haasans stalker was recently arrested. | Kamal Haasan: Capital punishment is not a solution for sex crimes
From the early Middle Ages to the 20th century, capital punishment in France, as in many other countries, was staged before large crowds of spectators. This book traces the theory and practice of public executions over time from the perspective of the executioners and government officials who staged them, as well as from the vantage point of the many thousands who came to
Get this from a library! Capital Punishment in the United States, 1973-1988. [Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research.;] -- This data collection provides annual data on prisoners under a sentence of death and on those whose offense sentences were commuted or vacated. Information is available on basic sociodemographic ...
... pits Rodney Romero vs Donnie Martinez fight in Santa Fe University of Art and Design Alumni Hall, Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States on Dec 12, 2008.
Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) chief Bilawal Bhutto Zardari today indirectly opposed the death sentence handed out to Indian national Kulbhushan Jadhav for spying, saying the issue is controversial but his party is against capital punishment on principle.
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In a short but powerful essay on capital punishment that appears in Crisis magazine, Father George W. Rutler reminds readers that the Catholic Church has traditionally taught, and the Catechism of the Catholic Church ( 2267) still teaches, that the states rightful authority to punish
When I heard that the subject of restoring capital punishment is likely to get an airing in Parliament later this year, I thought it would be the perfect time to put together a somewhat tongue-in-cheek picture gallery based on the Ive Got a Little List song from the Mikado.
Featured Lethal Injections News. Find breaking news, commentary, and archival information about Lethal Injections From The latimes (Page 5 of 5)
When it comes to who gets a death sentence, skin color matters. At least thats what the numbers suggest: Never since capital punishment began in Florida in 1769 has the state executed a white person for killing an African-American. Of Floridas 368 inmates on death row as of Dec. 10, only five whites await execution for killing a black person. According to a 1991 study, the odds of a Florida death sentence for those who kill white people are about 3.4 times higher than for those who kill African-Americans. On Thursday, as lawmakers approved a switch to lethal injection as Floridas chief form of execution, Democrats tried to add a provision that would allow accused murderers to argue that race is a factor in their cases. The GOP-led Legislature rejected the measure. Gov. Jeb Bush, who also opposed the measure, established a 15-member task force to study the role of race in capital sentencing. The task force also will address whether mentally retarded inmates should be condemned to die. Task ...
Paul. There is an ongoing debate within the Church, including moral theologians and Bishops, regarding the status of the acceptance or rejection of the death penalty. It is cases like those you ask about that provoke the debate.. We do know this:. Aborting a child is an intrinsic evil Capital punishment should be avoid whenever necessary and should be unwarranted in a civilized society, but that would mean that justice is consonant with the natural law in the culture where the death penalty is rarely used. That is not the case in a nation like ours that uses its laws to approve the direct killing of the innocent in situations like abortion and euthanasia.. Therefore in the USA at this time any ban on capital punishment is hypocritical because the law condones the direct killing of innocent people prior to birth. That is a double standard.. Finally the Church has not defined capital punishment as an intrinsic evil.. Judie Brown ...
Georgia and Missouri have carried out the nations first executions since a botched lethal injection in Oklahoma in April revived concerns about capital punishment.
The electric chair is cruel and unusual punishment, the Nebraska Supreme Court ruled on Friday. Working on a clean slate, Nebraska may choose a form of lethal injection that does not rely on the combination of three chemicals that is the subject of a pending challenge in the Supreme Court of the United States. Fridays ruling is not binding outside Nebraska, but some legal experts said courts may now be reluctant to allow condemned inmates to choose electrocution in states where that is an option. Lethal gas was briefly popular, and lethal injection, now the almost universal method of execution, was introduced in 1977. Thirty-four of the 38 states with capital punishment had moved by 1999 to lethal injection as the sole method or as an option, largely because it was considered more humane than the other methods.
SEPPUKU AS CAPITAL PUNISHMENT: While the voluntary seppuku described above is the best known form and has been widely admired and idealized, in practice the most common form of seppuku was obligatory seppuku, used as a form of capital punishment for disgraced samurai, especially for those who committed a serious offense such as unprovoked murder, robbery, corruption, or treason. The samurai were generally told of their offense in full and given a set time to commit seppuku, usually before sunset on a given day. If the sentenced was uncooperative, it was not unheard of for them to be restrained, or for the actual execution to be carried out by decapitation while retaining only the trappings of seppuku; even the short sword laid out in front of the victim could be replaced with a fan. Unlike voluntary seppuku, seppuku carried out as capital punishment did not necessarily absolve the victims family of the crime. Depending on the severity of the crime, half or all of the deceaseds property could ...
Absolutely not.". Included in the extensive hearing transcripts of various lethal-injection challenges around the country are stories of inmates, like one in Ohio, raising his head in the middle of his own execution to say, "Its not working." In Alabama, officials at one point said they would execute an inmate who had compromised veins by placing an IV in the saphenous vein in his arm; that vein is actually in the leg. In an important case in California - the state with the most prisoners on death row - investigations have revealed inadequate execution conditions comparable to those in Missouri, in addition to alarming problems with an incompetent execution team. As these various court proceedings were unfolding, corrections officials in Starke, Fla., executed Angel Diaz by lethal injection on Dec. 13, 2006. But because the execution team punctured the veins in Diazs arms when putting in the intravenous catheters, forcing the drugs into the soft tissue instead, Diaz grimaced for as long as 26 ...
The lethal injection challenge being argued today at the Supreme Court involves a three-drug protocol developed by Oklahomas medical examiner in 1977, says the Washington Post: sodium thiopental, to render the inmate unconscious; pancuronium bromide, to paralyze the muscles; and potassium chloride, to cause cardiac arrest. The protocol is used in 35 of the 36 states with the death penalty. Attorneys for Kentucky inmates say the protocol is a complicated process that must be performed with precision to avoid the […]
A 53-year-old man convicted of killing two men in 1987 was executed by Florida on Thursday evening by a lethal injection that included a drug never before used in a U.S. execution, state officials said.. Mark James Asay was the first white man to be put to death in Florida for killing a black man since the state reinstituted the death penalty in 1979.. (Reporting by Bernie Woodall; Editing by Peter Cooney and Dan Grebler). ...
NASHVILLE, Tenn. - Gov. Bill Haslam on Thursday signed a bill allowing Tennessee to electrocute death row inmates when the state is unable to obtain lethal injection drugs.
128) State representatives in Oklahoma and Georgia voted legislation prohibiting medical licensing boards from punishing doctors or other certified medical professionals who participate in executions. In Oklahoma, House Bill HB2660 passed both houses and was signed by the Governor on 10 May 2006. A similar bill in Georgia, House Bill HB57, passed with only one dissenting vote in both houses. It was signed by the Governor on 21 April 2006 and took effect on 1 July 2006. However there is ongoing litigation against the Georgia medical board for failing to discipline the physician involved in the execution of Jose High. (Arthur Zitrin v. GA Composite Board of Medical Examiners , Case No. A07A0914, Court of Appeals of the State of Georgia.) In North Carolina, the identities of doctors and nurses who participate in executions are kept confidential under a 2004 state law arising from a "technical corrections" bill. The law only allows a senior resident Superior Court judge to order the disclosure if it ...
Warren Lee Hill, 53, had been sentenced to die by lethal injection at 7 p.m. But Fulton County Superior Court Judge Gail Tusan stayed the execution until at least Thursday so she could hear more arguments from Hills lawyers who say the new law is unconstitutional because it shrouds in secrecy a drug used to execute Georgia citizens. The law, which prohibits the release of information about the lethal drugs manufacturer, was passed in March after the states cache of the sedative drug expired and national and international pressure made it more difficult for states to obtain it for executions, according to Hills attorneys. Hill was set to be executed using a dose of pentobarbital provided to the state by an unnamed manufacturer. Hill killed a fellow prisoner, Joseph Handspike, in August 1990 by beating him to death. Hill was already serving a life sentence for the 1986 shooting death of his 18-year-old girlfriend, Myra Wright. In addition to the injection issue, Hills attorneys argue that he ...
The state Supreme Court is scheduled to hear oral arguments on Thursday morning over whether Tennessees lethal injection protocol constitutes cruel and unusual punishment ...
Charles Brooks Michael Thomas BarryOn December 7, 1982, the first execution by lethal injection takes place at the state penitentiary in Huntsville, Texas. On December 14, 1976, Charles Brooks Jr., went to a used car lot and asked to test drive a car. The mechanic, David Gregory, accompanied him in the car. After Brooks picked up his accomplice Woody Loudres, they put the mechanic in the trunk of the car and Brooks and Loudres drove to a motel. There the mechanic was bound to a chair with coat hangers, gagged with tape and then shot once in the head.
Pharmaceutical company Pfizer said on Friday it was blocking use of its drugs in lethal injections, which means all federally-approved drugmakers whose medications could be used for executions have now put them off limits.
San Francisco - A third execution by lethal injection has gone awry in six months, renewing debate over whether there is a foolproof way for the
Since Texas became the first state to use lethal injection as its execution method on Dec. 7, 1982, some problems have been reported during the process nationwide. Those include delays in finding suitable veins, needles becoming clogged or disengaged, and reactions from inmates who appeared to be under stress.
A dramatic decision by the U.S. Supreme Court to stop the execution of a Florida inmate could temporarily halt lethal injections throughout the country until at least April, says the Orlando Sentinel. The high court decided yesterday to hear an argument by convicted killer Clarence Hill that his civil rights would be violated by Floridas lethal-injection method because inmates suffer pain during the procedure.
Chinas capital plans to use lethal injections in executions by the end of the year and firing squads will eventually be phased out across the country, state media on said on Tuesday, quoting law officials.
Defense attorneys are worried that an innocent man could be executed now that the U.S. death-row machine is gearing up again following a Supreme Court ruling that upheld the constitutionality of lethal injection after an unofficial seven-month moratorium.
COLUMBUS, Ohio - An anesthesiologist said he would no longer act as an expert witness for states defending their lethal injection methods, creating another hurdle for corrections departments scrambling to find workable execution systems. Mark Dershwitz, a University of Massachusetts anesthesiologist and pharmacologist, was the expert called by Ohio in support of its new two-drug combination that led to a troubling 26-minute execution in January. The same drug combination led to a nearly
The debate over whether Tennessees three-drug lethal injection method will torture a man to death is key to a trial began Monday.
The same federal appeals court that ruled Missouri has to give up its supplier of lethal injection drugs has had a change of heart. The 8th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ruled last month that Missouri must reveal its source. Two Mississippi death-row inmates filed a lawsuit seeking the information.. ...
In 2008, with Baze v. Rees, the Supreme Court broke decades of silence regarding state execution methods to declare Kentuckys lethal injection protocol
What could result from the US Supreme Courts decision to review the constitutionality of lethal injection as an execution method?
WASHINGTON (AP) — U.S. executions are all but sure to resume soon after a nationwide halt, cleared today by a splintered Supreme Court that approved the most widely used method of lethal injection.
Two Drug Protocol To Be Used When Carrying Out ExecutionsPhoenix, AZ (Wednesday, March 26, 2014) -- Attorney General Tom Horne is today announcing that the Arizona Department of Corrections (DOC) has changed its lethal injection protocol to allow for the additional use of a two-drug protocol using Medazolam and Hydromorphone in carrying out executions.
A Missouri man convicted of rape and murder is put to death, the first execution since Arizonas botched lethal injection last month. Linda So reports.
Florida is scheduled on Thursday to put to death convicted murderer Mark James Asay by lethal injection that includes the drug etomidate never before used in a U.S. execution.
Pharmaceutical company Pfizer said Friday it was blocking use of its drugs in lethal injections, which means all federally approved drugmakers whose medications could be used for executions have now p...
TALLAHASSEE - Lethal injection will be one of two ways condemned prisoners may choose to die in Florida after the Legislature approved its use Thursday after two days of debate.The action, approved
MONTGOMERY, Ala. (AP) - A federal appeals court on Friday revived a lawsuit filed by Alabama death-row inmates challenging the state's lethal injection...
opiates in cheese. ...Find answers to the question, What S The Nicest Way To Kill A Mouse? Lethal Injection? from people who know at Ask Experience.
Dear Cecil:. I recently had to put down our dog, a large Labrador. Despite my emotional turmoil, I couldnt help but notice the complete lack of pain, trauma, and stress our dog experienced, and how quickly it was all over. Why do there seem to be ongoing issues whenever we execute people by lethal injection that we never see when dogs get put to sleep?. - Mike Hogan. Cecil replies:. Every dog must someday romp off into the great beyond, and when its owner decides that the time has come, a licensed vet will be there to administer a lethal shot, typically of pentobarbital. Delivered in sufficient dosage, this barbiturate, most widely marketed in the U.S. as Nembutal, zips through the bloodstream to knock out brain and heart functions pretty much simultaneously. The end is instant and painless, the process so far from cruel and unusual that even the Humane Society grudgingly recommends it if euthanasia is unavoidable. With an even bigger hit of pentobarbital you can put down a horse - or end a ...
Listen free to Ice Cube - Lethal Injection (The Shot (Intro), Really Doe and more). 12 tracks (55:43). Discover more music, concerts, videos, and pictures with the largest catalogue online at
The office of Arizona Attorney General Tom Horne is involved in a lawsuit to try and conceal the source of drugs used in lethal injections.
The pharmaceutical company Pfizer said Friday it will move to prevent its drugs from being used in lethal injections. Pfizer was the "last remaining
Nebraska Gov. Pete Ricketts says the state is still working with the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration to try to import lethal injection drugs from India.
Discover librarian-selected research resources on Lethal Injection from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals, magazines, newspapers and more.
Olga Guiterrez Machorro, a Mexican politician and chairman of the Commission for Vulnerable Groups has suggested homeless people should be put down by lethal injection.
From BioPortfolio: In 2006, Michael Angelo Morales, a California death-row inmate, was scheduled to be executed by lethal injection.1 Morales challenged the state
A recent Gallup poll found the lowest level of support for the death penalty in America since 1972. Gallups October poll measured Americans abstract support at 60%, a 20-percentage point decline from 1994, when 80% of respondents were in favor of the death penalty for those convicted of murder. Support for the death penalty differed sharply among those who identified themselves with a political party: 81% of Republicans supported the death penalty, while only 47% of Democrats and 60% of Independents favored it. However, support among all three groups has dropped in the last 25 years, with the Democrats support declining 28 percentage points since its peak in 1994. This poll measured the publics support for capital punishment in theory, without any comparison to other punishments. When Gallup and other polls have offered respondents a choice of the proper punishment for murder - the death penalty or life in prison without parole - respondents are about evenly split, with less than 50% ...
RICHMOND, Va. (CN) - A man facing the death penalty for killing a Richmond family has sued the Virginia Department of Corrections over the drugs it plans to use in his Jan. 18, 2017, execution.. Ricky Jovan Gray was sent to death row after being convicted of participating in a 2006 murder spree in which the family was killed.. According to court documents, he was specifically sentenced to die for the murders of the two young girls in the family, who were four and nine when they died.. After being sentenced to death, Gray was given the choice of the method of his execution - either by lethal injection or by electrocution. After Gray did not select an option, the method of execution became lethal injection by default.. The Virginia Department of Corrections lethal injection process employs a "three-drug protocol" for execution of death row inmates.. The first drug in the protocol anesthetizes the inmate, the second drug paralyzes the inmate and the third drug kills the inmate by inducing cardiac ...
One thing Ive noticed, though, is that none of the materials Ive seen have indicated that the colonists imported the more barbaric English methods of execution. Although there are some exceptional cases, particularly associated with mob justice (for example, one of the victims of the Salem Witch Trials was executed by pressing), for the most part, my research suggests that execution in 18th Century America was overwhelmingly by hanging, a fact which should naturally inform the interpretaion of the Eighth Amendments injunction on cruel and unusual. Even if you take the most stringently narrow, Scalian originalist view - and I do not - it does not follow that the Eighth Amendment prohibits only those punishments known to the colonists. For example, because the British civilization of India did not begin in ernest until after America had already declared independence, it isnt clear to me that the colonists would have been aware that the predominant method of capital punishment in India, viz., ...
It was a doctor who invented the guillotine, a dentist who helped design the electric chair and an anaesthesiologist who conceived of the lethal injection. It is a doctor who climbs up a ladder to certify that a prisoner kept hanging for several minutes is actually dead, and a doctor who administers the lethal injection. Its time, says Vijay Hiremath, that the medical fraternity took a stand against capital punishment since every method of execution is intrinsically cruel and violative of their professional ethics Read more... ...
This past year, the number of inmates executed in America was the lowest in two decades at 35, according to the Death Penalty Information Center.But death penalty states are having increasing difficulty obtaining the drugs they have used to execute inmates because pharmaceutical companies refuse to associate their drugs with killing peopl
This past year, the number of inmates executed in America was the lowest in two decades at 35, according to the Death Penalty Information Center.But death penalty states are having increasing difficulty obtaining the drugs they have used to execute inmates because pharmaceutical companies refuse to associate their drugs with killing peopl
During the past 50 years, more and more countries have abolished the death penalty. Today, more than half of the countries of the world have removed capital punishment from their laws for crimes such as murder. The use of the death penalty is highly controversial, and regularly creates political tension between countries with differing perspectives on the issue. Nevertheless, very little research has been devoted to studying the determinants of death penalty abolition. This thesis is intended as one step towards filling that gap, and studies the political, cultural and socio-economic determinants of abolition of the death penalty. A range of political, cultural and socio-economic factors that are hypothesised to influence the likelihood of abolition are presented. The hypotheses are tested empirically on 145 countries observed in from 1960 to 2004. Event history analysis, more specifically a semiparametric Cox proportional hazards model, is employed. Event history analysis is ideally suited for ...
TOP Dissent. MARSHALL, J., Dissenting Opinion. JUSTICE MARSHALL, with whom JUSTICE BRENNAN and JUSTICE STEVENS join, dissenting.. Eighteen years ago, this Court vacated the sentence of a defendant from whose jury the State had excluded all venirepersons expressing any scruples against capital punishment. Such a practice, the Court held, violated the Constitution by creating a "tribunal organized to return a verdict of death." Witherspoon v. Illinois, 391 U.S. 510, 521 (1968). The only venirepersons who could be constitutionally excluded from service in capital cases were those who "made unmistakably clear . . . that they would automatically vote against the imposition of capital punishment" or that they could not assess the defendants guilt impartially. Id. at 522-523, n. 21.. Respondent contends here that the "death-qualified" jury that convicted him, from which the State, as authorized by Witherspoon, had excluded all venirepersons unwilling to consider imposing the death penalty, was in ...
This data collection provides annual data on prisoners under a sentence of death and prisoners whose offense sentences were commuted or vacated during the period 1973-2004. Information is supplied for basic sociodemographic characteristics such as age, sex, education, and state of incarceration. Criminal history data include prior felony convictions for criminal homicide and legal status at the time of the capital offense. Additional information is available for inmates removed from death row by year-end 2004 and for inmates who were executed.. ...
In Estonia the last execution took place on the 11th of September 1991 when Rein Oruste was shot with a bullet to the back of the head for the crime of murder. The death penalty was completely abolished in Estonia on the 18th of March 1998 when Protocol No. 6 to the ECHR was signed.. From 1st February 1920 to the incorporation into the Soviet Union in 1940, inmates condemned by civilian courts were given the right to choose how they died: either suicide by drinking poison or hanged in the following terms (as stated in the Criminal Procedure Code which entered in force on 1st February 1935): "One hour before the scheduled time of the execution, the condemned shall be taken to a death cell, where the state prosecutor will read the death sentence and ask the prisoner whether he is willing to commit suicide. If the answer is in the affirmative, the prosecutor will hand the condemned a glass of poison-the kind of poison to be determined by the National Health Board. If the doomed man fails to take ...
The death penalty continued its slow and steady two-decade decline this year, as fewer convicted murderers were sentenced to die and most executions were limited to just three states, according to a report to be released Thursday. The number of new death sentences plummeted from 315 in 1996 to...
The case of a convicted serial killer in the state of Connecticut is exposing differences between the Roman Catholic clergy and laity over the the use of the death penalty. The execution of Micha...
There are some problems with: A Death Penalty Puzzle: The Murky Evidence for and Against Deterrence (Washington Post, By Cass R. Sunstein and Justin Wolfers, June 30, 2008; Page A11 ) The article states: But that suggestion (of the many recent studies finding for deterrence) actually catalyzed Donohue and Wolferss study of available empirical evidence. Existing studies contain significant statistical errors, and slightly different approaches yield widely varying findings, a problem exacerbated by researchers tendency to report only those results supporting their conclusions. REPLY: . . . researchers tendency to report only those results supporting their conclusions.! My goodness, this seems much like the pot calling the kettle black. Please see the four replies to Donahue and Wolfers, at bottom - replies which, collectively, appear to lay waste to Donahue and Wolfers criticism. It should also be pointed ...
Six death row inmates, including one scheduled to die July 23, sued the state today in federal court, alleging the secrecy surrounding the lethal drugs to be used in executions violates their First Amendment rights.. Read More » ...
Posted by: Caitlin C , Feb 27, 2007 7:51:05 PM. 1) I think the issue regarding the role of physicians in the death penalty has intensified lately at least in part because of the problems with recent lethal injections in Florida. Judging by the survey in the last class, many people seem to think that lethal injection is preferable to other methods of execution, because it seems relatively painless and quick. The recent botched lethal injections have definitely called this assumption into question. A logical next step would be to attempt to get physicians involved in order to improve the system.. 2) I think the AMA took a position in line with the do-no-harm oath that doctors pledge. The AMA is in a sense the moral compass of the medical profession and has every right to advise its members. Nevertheless, I dont think the moral opinion of the AMA should be binding on every doctor. Doctors should be able to choose whether or not they want to be involved in the process.. 3) I think that by taking a ...
According to the principles of retributive justice, punishment is supposed to be more or less in proportion to the magnitude of a crime. So-which do you think is an appropriate punishment for the Wall Street executives whose greed and corruption not only bankrupted their own companies, but set in motion a meltdown that has deprived millions of Americans of their homes and their life savings, driven millions more into unemployment and poverty, and triggered economic chaos, political unrest, and even starvation and death around the world? A. Dont give them a bonus this year.. B. Fire their asses.. C. Lock them up and throw away the key.. If you answered A, you are in line with the policies of the Obama administration, which, after giving billions in bailout money to the likes of AIG, discovered that the company intends to pay out millions in executive bonuses. The administrations response has been to get really, really pissed off, and say that they just arent going to stand for these guys ...
In the days before we all got too smart there were Gods and Goddesses who ruled the day. But, like us, they werent particularly smart. And, like us simple folks, they were known to have terrible dispositions, especially after sucking down too much of the grape. Umbrage was taken at the slightest infraction. Punishment was…
180,000 results for Mafia execution style. 4,500,000 results for Mafia execution. The Telegraph apparently uses the former, the Daily Mail apparently uses the latter. Maybe its a class thing. As a resident of a US state which still has capital punishment (although its been years since anyone was actually executed in this state) I personally dont think state-sanctioned execution sounds more legitimate than murder. I dont see it as any better to follow due process which results in cold-bloodedly yanking some man out of his cell at dawn and then chemically killing him vs. not following due process which results in village leaders yanking some woman out of her room and then gunning her down. Im genuinely puzzled that you think people who oppose capital punishment would nonetheless be influenced by the supposed legitimacy of a trial and punishment to make "execution" sound less horrible than "murder". But, maybe thats just me. In any case, its surely an improvement that media persons, the US ...
Capital punishment. Despite President A.P.J. Abdul Kalam s opinion, capital punishment must stay. It should be liberally awarded for murder and similar heinous crimes committed by terrorists, traitors, abductors, dacoits, rapists, policemen and others responsible for the security and defence of the people. Presidential and gubernatorial clemency should be granted only in exceptional and deserving cases only.. The principle of British jurisprudence that not one innocent may be convicted even if it means a hundred guilty men escape ought to be followed meticulously in India. Our police force has been extremely politicised and it is lacking in probity and principles. The courts should not repose excessive faith in the police as it is known to create and fabricate evidence to ensure conviction.. ARIDAMAN SINGH JHUBAL, Amritsar Why higher taxes?. The Solan Municipal Council has recently increased the House Tax by 300 per cent. This is unjustified because the council has not provided any benefit to ...
In successfully arguing for their motion, defense attorneys for Hoffman and Sepulvado noted that lethal injection protocols have been made public in other states with no harm or prejudice to the state.. "Not only are lethal injection protocols widely available in other states, the courts have rejected the very argument that the Defendants seek to advance," reads the motion, signed by defense attorney Michael Rubenstein.. Texas, for example, publicly adopted a new protocol on March 15, 2011 that goes into detail about the states execution method, including the location of the condemned, the timing of the inmates transport to the death house and other information that impinges on security.*. Texas also details protocol for "inventory and equipment check" and a detailed description of how the lethal injection drugs - pentobarbital, pancuronium bromide and potassium chloride - should be mixed.. Mississippi also details a protocol that includes an inventory check and the quantity and content of ...
With the purpose of writing about true crime in an authoritative, fact-based manner, veteran journalists J. J. Maloney and J. Patrick OConnor launched Crime Magazine in November of 1998. Their goal was to cover all aspects of true crime: Read More. ...
Currently, over 60% of the world population lives in a country where capital punishment is practiced. In 2011, at least 676 executions were carried out worldwide. However, this number excludes China, where thousands of people are thought to have been executed. In 2011, 1,923 people were known to have been sentenced to death. Some people have accepted the law of capital punishment and others strongly contend that it is inhumane. The subject has been highly debated in the media and by world governments. In some countries, executions can be carried out only if the person is convicted of crimes against humanity.
Standard drop. The standard drop, which arrived as calculated in English units, involves a drop of between 4 and 6 feet (1.2 and 1.8 m) and came into use from 1866, when the scientific details were published by an Irish doctor, Samuel Haughton. Immediately, its use spread to English-speaking countries and those where judicial systems had an English origin. It was considered a humane improvement on the short drop because it was intended to be enough to break the persons neck, causing immediate paralysis and immobilization (and probable immediate unconsciousness). This method was used to execute condemned Nazis under United States jurisdiction after the Nuremberg Trials including Joachim von Ribbentrop and Ernst Kaltenbrunner.[7] In the execution of Ribbentrop, historian Giles MacDonogh records that: "The hangman botched the execution and the rope throttled the former foreign minister for twenty minutes before he expired."[8] An article in Life magazine dated 28 October 1946, merely says of ...
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Chaplains response to conservative activists question at campus forum, condoning execution of homosexuals, has elicited widespread online attention More ...
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In another Stanford study, 48 students, half of whom said they favored capital punishment and half of whom said they opposed it, were presented with two pieces of evidence, one supporting and one contradicting the claim that capital punishment deters crime. Both groups were more convinced by the evidence that supported their initial position.. Psychologists have suggested that legends propagate by striking an emotional chord. In the same way, ideas can spread by emotional selection, rather than by their factual merits, encouraging the persistence of falsehoods about Coke - or about a presidential candidate.. Journalists and campaign workers may think they are acting to counter misinformation by pointing out that it is not true. But by repeating a false rumor, they may inadvertently make it stronger. In its concerted effort to "stop the smears," the Obama campaign may want to keep this in mind. Rather than emphasize that Obama is not a Muslim, for instance, it may be more effective to stress that ...
Euthanasia Prevention Coalition, a blog about euthanasia, assisted suicide, elder abuse, end-of-life care, palliative care. Most recent articles and news from around the world.
My grueling, haunting sentence so far has encompassed 1160 days. My sentence is not surrounded by physical prison bars, but an emotional barricade to my family and I. Unfortunately, this sentence, is not imposed by either a result of public opinion or a decision handed down by a panel of state judges. This sentence will continue for the rest of my life. Yes, I am one of those victims who lost a loved one (my brother), to a heinous, senseless murder almost four years ago. My brother, who ironically was a practicing attorney, could not have possibly encountered any standards ...
In my Government class today at school we had about a 50 minute discussion on this because we were discussing the Declaration of Independence and how there is t
Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.. Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.. If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.. To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you cant find the answer there, please contact us .. ...
It is saddening to see Prof. George make doctrinal claims that imply a view of the relation between the testimony of the Fathers and the correct interpretation of Sacred Scripture that, if taken seriously, would suggest that the Council of Trent teaches falsely on the subject. It is also unfortunate that he supposes that there is only one interpretation of Evangelium Vitae, something that whilst His Eminence Avery Cardinal Dulles lived he seemed rather more reluctant to assert. Evidently doctrinal evidence is rather more politically suggestible than one had thought. Unless George thinks that Sacred Scripture is false (in which case he is a votary of the wrong faith--clearly this cannot be something he holds) or that the Council of Trent is merely a tentative suggestion with respect to the unified testimony of the Fathers in relation to Sacred Scripture that awaits the supervening genius and overarching ecclesial authority of the NNLT, his position is not tenable. In a declining culture, grave ...
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The primitive American welfare state that followed the great depression of the 1930s, and was extended by the great society of the 1960s, served to thinly mask the worst aspects of uncontrolled capitalism. These had nearly brought the nation to revolution during the most miserable economic chaos, and for more than generation, Band-Aids applied to the worst wounds stopped some of the systems bleeding. But that mutated welfare state has since been under steady assault , and it presently hangs by threads, where there once were bandages. With neo-liberal politics in control, public services and government supports are being forced back to the domain of the market. The political economics of capitalism are revealed, as never before, in all their ugliness.. Among the weapons of mass destruction inherent in this system , none is more deadly than its assault on the planetary life support system. Global warming is only one aspect of its attack, though it may pose the most long term danger. But there are ...
William A. Schabas is professor of international law at Middlesex University in London. He is also professor of international criminal law and human rights at Leiden University, emeritus professor human rights law at the Irish Centre for Human Rights of the National University of Ireland Galway, and an honorary professor at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, in Beijing and Wuhan University. He is the author of more than 20 books and 300 journal articles, on such subjects as the abolition of capital punishment, genocide and the international criminal tribunals. Professor Schabas was a member of the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission. He was a member of the Board of Trustees of the United Nations Voluntary Fund for Technical Cooperation in Human Rights and president of the International Association of Genocide Scholars. He serves as president of the Irish Branch of the International Law Association chair of the Institute for International Criminal Investigation. He is an Officer ...
{ consumer: Discusses transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), a therapy that uses low-voltage electrical current for pain relief. Covers TENS treatment for different illnesses and conditions such as muscle, joint, or bone problems., clinical: Discusses transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), a therapy that uses low-voltage electrical current for pain relief. Covers TENS treatment for different illnesses and conditions such as muscle, joint, or bone problems. } Worcester County, Maryland
Nazi human experimentation was medical experimentation on large numbers of people by the German Nazi regime in its concentration camps during World War II. At A
Alicia Zaragoza: Solitary is torture. It humiliated me. They strip you of everything - I was only given a mumu and half a mattress. You are locked away with no answer. I was cold, tired and hungry. The other ladies in Ad Seg helped me out and also the ones on Death Row, which is right nearby, gave me stuff to survive.. The hunger strike last year was amazing. The guys went through hell, but it was so good for them to come together!. Send our sister some love and light: Alicia Zaragoza, X-07564, CCWF, P.O. Box 1508, Chowchilla, CA 93610.. Natalie De Mola: Solitary confinement in all ways is cruel. If it is a form of abuse to keep a child locked away in a closet for long periods of time, then why is it not abuse to keep that same child, who is now a man, locked in a cell for years? Put yourself in their shoes! I supported the hunger strike.. Send our sister some love and light: Natalie De Mola, X-12907, CCWF, P.O. Box 1508, Chowchilla, CA 93610.. Fonda Gayden: As a youth, I wanted to be protected ...
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS WESTERN DIVISION IN RE: PREMPRO PRODUCTS LIABILITY LITIGATION : : : : MDL DOCKET NO. 4:03-CV-1507-BRW ALL CASES ORDER Pending are Defendants Motions for Judgment on the Pleadings (Doc. Nos. 3082, 3087). Plaintiffs have responded1 and Defendants have replied.2 The parties presented oral argument at a July 20, 2012 hearing.3 Defendants, manufacturers of generic hormone replacement drugs, assert that PLIVA, Inc. v. Mensing,4 preempts any strict liability failure to warn claim against Defendants. Additionally, Defendants contend that the reasoning in Mensing would foreclose any design defect claims. Plaintiffs disagree, and request that, at the very least, they be permitted to amend their complaints. At this point, it seems to me that permitting the plaintiffs leave to amend their complaints is reasonable. Accordingly, the plaintiffs whose cases are listed in Exhibit A must amend their complaints within three weeks of the date ...
Until May 15, 2019, Rule 2-231 of the Maryland Rules permitted members of a class to sue or be sued via parties representing the entire class if certain requirements were met. Thus, like the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, Maryland rules permitted plaintiff class actions as well as defendant class actions. But, unlike federal practice, Maryland courts have no mechanism for interlocutory appeals of class certification determinations by the trial court, and Maryland law does not permit the Court of Appeals to create such a mechanism by rule. Most class action lawsuits involve a class of plaintiffs suing named defendants, but sometimes a plaintiff or plaintiffs will sue a class of defendants in federal courts or other state courts. A defendant class action had never before been certified in Maryland state courts, prior to Yang v. G & C Gulf, Inc., Case No. 403885V, where the Circuit Court for Montgomery County (Rubin, J.) certified a defendant class in January 2018. Morgan Lewis represents one of ...
IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF ARKANSAS WESTERN DIVISION CHURCH MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANY V. 4:09CV00487 JMM PLAINTIFF HAROLD R. COPENHAVER, JEFF W. ODONNELL, and UNITED INSURANCE AGENCY INC. DEFENDANTS ORDER Pending is the Defendants Motion for Partial Summary Judgment. Defendants contend that the non-compete clause at issue in this case is unreasonable in its purpose, scope and duration. The Plaintiff has responded and the Defendants have filed a reply. For the reasons set forth below, the motion is GRANTED. I. Facts This dispute began when Harold Copenhaver and Jeff ODonnell left their employment with Church Mutual Insurance Company in November 2007. Plaintiff Church Mutual Insurance Company ("Church Mutual") specializes in providing property and casualty insurance policies to churches and religious institutions. Defendants Harold Copenhaver and Jeff ODonnell are former Church Mutual sales representatives. After leaving Church Mutual, they began working for ...
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Lynda Cheryle Lyon Block (February 8, 1948 - May 10, 2002) was an American convicted murderer. She was the first woman executed in the state of Alabama since 1957, and 9th woman executed in the U.S. since reinstatement of the death penalty in 1976. Block was the last individual executed by electrocution who was not given a choice of lethal injection, which is (as of 2018) the primary protocol in all the states that also maintain execution by electrocution. Lynda Cheryle Lyon was born February 8, 1948, in Orlando, Florida, to Francis (Frank) Stephen Lyon and Berylene Elisabeth Owen. Lynda, and her sister Denyce (born 1952), lost their father when she was 10, when he died of heart failure. Lynda and her mother were never close, and Block claimed that her mother was both physically and mentally abusive. Her second husband, George Sibley, claims that a constant trait of Block's was charity. While living in Key West she served as Secretary of the Humane Society, and also as animal abuse investigator. ...
Kimberly LaGayle McCarthy (May 11, 1961 - June 26, 2013) was an American death row inmate who was convicted and sentenced to death for the 1997 murder of her neighbor, 71-year-old retired college professor Dorothy Booth, in her Lancaster, Texas (Dallas-Fort Worth area) home during a robbery. She was also a suspect in the murders of two other elderly Texas women, for which she was never tried. After her final federal appeal was denied in July 2012, her execution date was set for January 29, 2013. Two reprieves pushed her execution date to June 26, 2013. McCarthy continued to proclaim her innocence, and stated that she was framed for murder. On June 26, 2013 McCarthy was executed by the state of Texas by lethal injection, becoming the 500th person to be executed by the state of Texas using that method. McCarthy was born on May 11, 1961, in Greenville, Texas. She worked as an occupational therapist in a nursing home. She was briefly married to the founder of the New Black Panther Party, Aaron ...
... (April 8, 1955 - November 15, 2005) was a murderer executed by lethal injection by the U.S. state of Texas. He was convicted of the May 10, 1993 murder of Raymond Davey Mata in a Houston, Texas crack house. Rowell had gone to the house on May 10 with the intent to rob Irving Wright of his drugs and money, after Rowell thought he had paid too much for some crack cocaine. Wright, Mata and his girlfriend, Angie Perez, were in the house. After entering the house, Rowell told Perez and Mata that he would shoot them if they tried to leave. Rowell then proceeded to beat Wright with a claw hammer. Then the three victims were ordered into the bathtub, where Rowell shot them with a .22 caliber pistol, killing Mata. Wright was in a coma for several months and later died. According to the police report, Mata appeared to have shown signs of being beaten after being shot. Police arrested Rowell who was parked across the street from the scene and found him in possession of a .22 caliber ...
Cook was born in Stuttgart, West Germany, and moved to Texas with his family in 1972. Kerry Max Cook served over 20 years in a Texas prison on Death Row. Since his release, Cook has become an activist against the death penalty, speaking across the United States and in Europe.. Cook has written a book published by HarperCollins entitled Chasing Justice which details his conviction, the widespread prosecutorial abuses which led to it, and the battle to prove his innocence. Chasing Justice was nominated for the Edgar Award by Mystery Writers of America. He was awarded a Soros Justice Fellowship to write the book. In an advance blurb for the memoir, former FBI Director and Federal Judge William S. Sessions noted, "Kerry Max Cook has written a brutal but compelling account of his 22 years on Texas's death row for a murder he did not commit. The book depicts his struggles against all odds to free himself from an inept justice system that would not let go, despite mounting and eventually overwhelming ...
Roger Douglas Groot (1942-2005) was the Class of 1975 Alumni Professor of Law at Washington and Lee University School of Law in Lexington, Virginia, where he had taught since 1973. Prior to graduating law school, he'd served six years in the United States Marine Corps, including a tour in Vietnam as an advisor to the Army of the Republic of Vietnam. He was an expert in criminal law and procedure, and the death penalty. Groot had been appointed counsel in several Virginia capital cases, appointed as defense legal analyst in federal death penalty cases, and consulted in several hundred capital cases, including Lee Boyd Malvo (Beltway Sniper) and Peter Odighizuwa (Appalachian School of Law shooting). At the time of Groot's death, none of his clients had been sent to death row. New York Times reporter Jayson Blair wrote an article about Groot's defense of Malvo. However, the New York Times later noted that this article was among those where Blair misrepresented himself. Despite ...
... is a 2005 first and third-person shooter psychological horror video game, developed by Surreal Software and published by Midway Games for PlayStation 2, Xbox and Microsoft Windows. The game was released in North America in September and in Europe in October. In 2017, it was released on It is a sequel to the 2004 game The Suffering. The game continues the story of Torque, a man sentenced to death for murdering his ex-wife and two children. In the original game, after arriving on death row in Abbot State Penitentiary on Carnate Island, off the coast of Maryland, an earthquake rocks the island, and the prison is attacked by strange supernatural creatures. During the mayhem, Torque escapes. Ties That Bind continues his story, as he flees the island and heads back to his home town of Baltimore, where he must face his past misdeeds, and confront his nemesis, a mysterious criminal kingpin known as Blackmore. Players who have a saved game from The Suffering can ...
Animal cruelty has long been an issue with the art form of filmmaking, with even some big-budget Hollywood films receiving criticism for allegedly harmful-and sometimes lethal-treatment of animals during production. Court decisions have addressed films that harm animal such as videos that in part depict dogfighting.[49]. The American Humane Association (AHA) has been associated with monitoring American filmmaking since after the release of the 1939 film Jesse James, in which a horse was pushed off a plank and drowned in a body of water after having fallen 40 feet into it.[50] Initially, monitoring of animal cruelty was a partnership between the AHA and officials in the Hays Office through the Motion Picture Production Code. Provisions in the code discouraged "apparent cruelty to children and animals", and because the Hays Office had the power to enforce this clause, the American Humane Association (AHA) often had access to sets to assess adherence to it. However, because the American Humane ...
Cruelty free cosmetic is a cosmetic which has a certification ensuring that the product has not been tested on animals, it means the final product nor the ingredients that compose it must not have been tested on animals. Moreover, manufacturers must provide an attestation affirming that they do not practice the animal experimentation. Finally, the brand accept to be controlled at any moment by an independent organism. Under the impulse of the public shocked by the conditions of experimentation on animals and the suffering that engenders, a collective consciousness around the world has gradually immersed and many actors of this movement have emerged in the industry to avoid use animal testing and look for new alternatives. Since 2004, animal testing for finished products is banned in the European Union. Since 2009, the ingredients of cosmetics are no longer the subject of animal experiments. In 2013 and 2016, the EU banned the import of cosmetic products tested on animals in its territory. ...
A turning point came after the Battle of the Frigidus of 395, ending the last serious attempt at a pagan revival in the now Christianized Roman Empire. After the defeat of Eugenius, the conservative pagan families of Rome gave up their resistance to Christianity and began to re-invent themselves to maintain their social leadership. By this time the Christian hierarchy had adopted classical education and culture as the marks of the civilized person, thus bringing the two social groups into alliance. Under the regency of Stilicho (395-408), some paganism was still tolerated, but later in the 5th century, legislation against pagan possessions, and other pagan practices, became increasingly strict. There appear to have been later attempts at a pagan revival, in 456 in circles surrounding the general Marcellinus and under Anthemius (r. 467-472), but these came to nothing. Marcian in 451 put the death penalty on the practice on pagan rites, and Leo I in 472 reinforced this by penalizing anyone who was ...
18:45, 10 January 2016 (diff , hist) . . (+396)‎ . . Apostasy in Islam ‎ (→‎Background: The statement that 'a minimum of 36%' of Muslims in the countries surveyed approve of the death penalty for apostasy is not given in Pew report and not supported by any reference.) ...
Scott Thomas Erskine (born December 22, 1962) is an American serial killer on California's death row, convicted in 2003 for the 1993 murder of two California boys. He is currently incarcerated at San Quentin State Prison. Erskine grew up in southern California. When he was five years old, Erskine darted into traffic on the Pacific Coast Highway in Long Beach and was hit by a station wagon. He remained in a coma for 60 hours. Although physically he appeared recovered, he frequently complained to his mother about headaches, and he experienced "black out" moments where he couldn't remember what he was last doing. At the age of 10, he started molesting his 6-year-old sister, forcing her to perform oral sex upon him. He soon began abusing her friends, threatening to kill them if they told anybody. Erskine attended Southwest Junior High School in San Diego, California and was placed in "special classes" for the emotionally disturbed. At 15, Erskine escaped from a juvenile detention facility, pulled a ...
In computational biology, gene prediction or gene finding refers to the process of identifying the regions of genomic DNA that encode genes. This includes protein-coding genes as well as RNA genes, but may also include prediction of other functional elements such as regulatory regions. Gene finding is one of the first and most important steps in understanding the genome of a species once it has been sequenced. In its earliest days, "gene finding" was based on painstaking experimentation on living cells and organisms. Statistical analysis of the rates of homologous recombination of several different genes could determine their order on a certain chromosome, and information from many such experiments could be combined to create a genetic map specifying the rough location of known genes relative to each other. Today, with comprehensive genome sequence and powerful computational resources at the disposal of the research community, gene finding has been redefined as a largely computational problem. ...
Capitol Punishment: The Megadeth Years - сборник лучших композиций американской хэви-метал-группы Megadeth, выпущенный лейблом Capitol Records в 2000 году. Альбом содержит скрытый трек «Capitol Punishment», являющийся попурри из многочисленных песен Megadeth.. На альбоме присутствуют песни со всех альбомов группы за исключением «Killing Is My Business... and Business Is Good!», который был выпущен на лейбле Combat Records.. ...
Waiting as a damned mad waiting for a sign waiting for the hangman waiting in dark time Capital punishment for me Capital ... Capital punishment for me. Capital punishment for i have sinned. Capital punishment for me. Capital punishment for i was wrong ... Capital punishment for me. Capital punishment for i have sinned. Capital punishment for you. Capital punishment for you have ... Capital punishment for you. Capital punishment for you have sinned. Capital punishment for you. Capital punishment for you were ...
Support for Capital Punishment in the U.S. is Higher than Surveys Indicate. By Aaron J. Veselenak ... And, I might add, one cant be a true foe of capital punishment if an exception is made for a particular individual (granted, a ... And, I might add, one cant be a true foe of capital punishment if an exception is made for a particular individual (granted, a ... The truth is that many people, who oppose capital punishment, do so in the abstract. When confronted with real cases involving ...
The debate on capital punishment has become more intense. Public opinion overwhelmingly supports capital punishment but does ... The Truth About Capital Punishment. Tuesday 14th, January 2014 / 08:26 Published by Concerned Citizen in Opinions ... Capital punishment was never intended to be a deterrent to murder, even though it is. Its sole purpose was and is to remove ... Their ruling that capital punishment should only be carried out in cases of the worst of the worst is utter foolishness. All ...
And even there, I am sure you will find plenty of RC scholars who see no conflict with their faith and capital punishment. ... If you have suggested readings on the history of Christian views on capital punishment, please send them along! If your point ... It would be interesting to know if the Christian support for capital punishment has remained stable or also declined. ... Religion and Support for Capital Punishment: Contrasting Leaders and Laity. October 21, 2011 by Jerry Park ...
Empirical research suggests that societies that do not have capital punishment have fewer murders. Capital punishment is ... where capital punishment is widely used, and lower in Northern states which have ceased to support capital punishment. (pdf) ... which has also given up capital punishment. They are higher, even, than in Canada, which has also quit using capital punishment ... Before a nation or state abolishes capital punishment, it would generally have already created a culture that makes capital ...
Every human being believes in capital punishment loves killing, and the only reason they believe in capital punishment is ... Remarks from a debate on Capital Punishment with Judge Alfred J. Talley, New York City, October 27, 1924 by Clarence Darrow ... Why, our capital punishment isnt worth talking about, so far as its being a preventive is concerned. It isnt worth discussing ... Now, why am I opposed to capital punishment? It is too horrible a thing for a state to undertake. We are told by my friend, Oh ...
  • Most of the research on capital punishment deals with the change in the homicide rate once it is instituted or abolished. (
  • Instead of looking for a statistical correlation between capital punishment and homicide rates, perhaps we should be looking for how a general opposition to killing -- a refusal to cheer and celebrate any killing -- effects both murder rates and execution rates. (
  • Empirical research suggests that societies that do not have capital punishment have fewer murders. (
  • In this case, I suspect that the evidence suggests that capital punishment is wrong. (
  • They are higher, even, than in Canada, which has also quit using capital punishment. (
  • Based on the Eighth Amendment's ban on cruel and unusual punishment, the high court abolished the death penalty for intellectually disabled offenders in 2002, for juvenile offenders in 2005 and, in 2008, for raping a child when death is not the intended or actual result. (
  • The U.S. Supreme Court wants the Appeals Court to hear the claims by attorneys for 46-year-old Russell E. Bucklew that he has a medical condition that could result in suffering if he undergoes a lethal injection, which would violate constitutional protections against cruel and unusual punishment. (
  • Last Friday, the family of McGuire filed a federal lawsuit, arguing that the 26-minute Jan. 16 execution amounted to unconstitutional cruel and unusual punishment sanctioned by the state. (
  • Moreover, the botched lethal mix injected into McGuire's body no doubt proved far less cruel and unusual than the punishment McGuire savagely inflicted on Stewart, nearly eight months pregnant at the time of the crime. (
  • His family complained that this was a case of cruel and unusual punishment. (
  • This isn't about obtaining the drugs or cruel and unusual punishment. (
  • Although it has been the case in many countries throughout the world it has been said that the Death Penalty is "cruel and unusual punishment" which is a direct violation to the Bill of Rights. (
  • But if read directly the Eight Amendment of the U.S. Constitution "prohibits cruel and unusual punishments" and not only that but abolitionists also think that Capital Punishment ensures Americans equality for all. (
  • Does it violate the Eighth Amendment's prohibition on cruel and unusual punishment? (
  • High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein, at a panel discussion on the death penalty and the prohibition of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, at the 34th Session of the Human Rights Council. (
  • The UN rights chief recalled that a former Special Rapporteur has recommended that the Human Rights Council request a comprehensive legal study regarding the emergence of a customary norm according to which the death penalty constitutes torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. (
  • But many with strongly held views base their opposition on a belief that the death penalty violates the right to life, making it the ultimate cruel, inhuman and degrading punishment. (
  • But that fact interferes with the death with dignity narrative, while promoting these problems furthers the cruel and unusual punishment meme. (
  • Under the Yuan dynasty , the "number of separate capital provisions" precipitously dropped, reaching a low of 125 crimes. (
  • Two of the factors apparently contributing to China's frequent use of the death penalty are the troubled court system and a national policy that permits capital punishment for crimes that are not considered capital in most other countries. (
  • Capital punishment , also known as the death penalty , refers to the custom of executing prisoners who are convicted of certain heinous crimes. (
  • Such crimes are known as capital crimes , and tend to be grave crimes against persons or governments (such as premeditated murder , rape or treason ). (
  • The federal government (both in the civilian sector and the military) authorize capital punishment for the most heinous crimes, including treason. (
  • Although the state must review what went wrong and why in the botched execution of Dennis McGuire, leaders and legislators should not let the unfortunate incident serve as an opportunist rationale for abandoning capital punishment for those convicted of committing the most egregious capital crimes. (
  • This study combines Bible study with compelling stories from persons who have been directly affected by capital crimes to help adults form and/or reform their thinking on capital punishment. (
  • Should capital punishment be moral or not when it comes to disciplining an individual for monstrous crimes? (
  • Writing about the "serious unreliability" of the capital punishment, Bryer pointed to two Texas men who were, in all likelihood, executed for crimes they didn't commit. (
  • Well, Bryer writes that maybe it has to do with the law governing capital cases being more complex, or perhaps the crimes at issue in these cases are so horrendous that there's enormous community pressure on police, prosecutors, and judges to get a conviction. (
  • 1. In the last 30 years more than 100 prisoners that have been convicted of capital crimes and sentenced to death were released from death row with strong evidence of their innocence. (
  • You can't kill him AS A PUNISHMENT, even if he's Hitler or Osama bin Laden, once you've got him effectively and permanently disabled from committing further heinous crimes. (
  • Denying criminals a Christian burial was a common element of punishments for impious crimes under Christian laws. (
  • In 1995, Pope John Paul II issued an encyclical in which he called capital punishment a 'a significant cause of grave moral decline. (
  • Most moral laws have their root in the Bible including capital punishment. (
  • Opponents of capital punishment frequently proclaim that the State has no moral right to take the life of anyone, even a most reprehensible murderer. (
  • For this reason, the State has a 'moral' obligation to use capital punishment if such punishment significantly reduces the number of murders and saves lives of innocent victims. (
  • The moral fabric of this nation depends upon an awareness of how serious the matter of capital punishment really is, while the moral fabric of the church depends upon a consistently pro-life position that rejects capital punishment. (
  • The very most that can be said is that some moral theologians claim that this is the right way to interpret John Paul II (mainly those moral theologians influenced by Grisez's "new natural law" theory, which was independently heavily invested in the idea that capital punishment is intrinsically immoral long before Evangelium Vitae appeared). (
  • Those who condemn the practice of capital punishment on moral or ethical grounds are often the same ones who insist that women must have the right to demand an abortion at any time from conception to birth. (
  • The unavailability of statistical data obscures the the reality of late-term abortions in Canada and allows the pro-choice lobby to duck the moral or ethical debate of the sort Canadians seem more than willing to have on capital punishment. (
  • Although punishment has been a crucial feature of every developed legal system, widespread disagreement exists over the moral principles that can justify its imposition. (
  • Moving on to the argument about the effectiveness of capital punishment, numerous studies, facts and figures suggest that the threat of the hangman's noose does in fact have a deterrent effect. (
  • Early empirical analysis by Isaac Ehrlich found a substantial incremental deterrent effect of capital punishment, a finding that coincides with the common sense of the situation: it is exceedingly rare for a defendant who has a choice to prefer being executed to being imprisoned for life. (
  • But the delay in execution not only reduces the deterrent effect of execution (though probably only slightly) but also makes capital punishment quite costly, since there is a substantial imprisonment cost on top of the heavy litigation costs of capital cases, with their endless rounds of appellate and postconviction proceedings. (
  • As Posner indicates, the deterrent effect of capital punishment would be greater if the delays in its implementation were much shortened, and if this punishment was more certain to be used in the appropriate cases. (
  • But I agree with Posner that capital punishment has an important deterrent effect even with the way the present system actually operates. (
  • As the deterrent effect of capital punishment is made smaller, at some point even I would shift to the anti-capital punishment camp. (
  • But given the difference between victims and murderers, the deterrent effect would have to be considerable less than one person saved per murderer executed before I would shift positions, although account should also be taken of the considerable expense involved in using capital punishment. (
  • Capital punishment cannot be used if the goal is never to erroneously execute anyone, but then its deterrent effect is lost completely. (
  • The severe mental and physical suffering which are inflicted by capital punishment on the person concerned and family members should now be added to the weight of the argument," Mr. Zeid said, explaining that this is another reason why the death penalty should be abolished, besides its capricious and often discriminatory application and its failure to demonstrate any deterrent effect beyond that of other punishments. (
  • The Tang Code (653 CE) listed 233 capital offenses, and the Song dynasty (960-1279) retained these and added sixty more over time. (
  • The number of capital offences spiked again under the Ming dynasty (1268-1644), with 282 capital offenses, and the Qing dynasty (1644-1911), with more than 800 capital offences. (
  • (7) As the battle against capital punishment raged while Melville was composing Billy Budd , partisans on both sides agreed that eliminating most of the code's capital offenses constituted one of the century's notable achievements in human progress. (
  • A third relates to the form and severity of punishment that is appropriate for particular offenses and offenders. (
  • Behind all three rulings is a growing body of evidence that lethal injection is far from the humane alternative to electrocution or gassing that legislators around the country sought after the Supreme Court reinstated capital punishment in 1977. (
  • Lethal injection is currently the primary method of execution in all 29 states that allow capital punishment. (
  • The rules - which generally prohibit doctors, nurses and others from involvement in capital punishment - are deterring those professionals from speaking publicly or privately about alternatives to the state's lethal injection process, Attorney General Richard Cordray said. (
  • If other religious traditions have questions about MRL's position based on their own church's teachings on capital punishment, then MRL will be happy to address them. (
  • Second, a major difficulty for Robbie's assertion is that then-Cardinal Ratzinger, speaking as head of the CDF and the Church's chief doctrinal officer, explicitly denied that John Paul II had made any change to the Church's teaching on capital punishment at the level of doctrinal principle (as opposed to prudential application of principle). (
  • I will concentrate my comments on deterrence, which is really the crucial issue in the acrimonious debate over capital punishment. (
  • Capital punishment is supposed to act as a deterrence, which means that it should be reducing the number of murders. (
  • And because if it is in deterrence that we preserve and persevere with capital punishment, then we must show for all to see, the process of how we kill those who deserve to die. (
  • They have suggested that a referendum is needed to deal with the matter of capital punishment. (
  • Every human being believes in capital punishment loves killing, and the only reason they believe in capital punishment is because they get a kick out of it. (
  • I'm absolutely do not believe in capital punishment. (
  • Do you believe in Capital Punishment? (
  • Is it because we ignore the history of capital punishment in the nineteenth century, including its profound influence on American culture? (
  • In any case, if we do contextualize Billy Budd within the American history of capital punishment and its bizarre outcome in New York State during the years 1886 to 1891, the story transforms before our eyes. (
  • Participants on all sides of the debate seemed to agree on only one thing: that the most appalling moment in the history of capital punishment within modern civilization was the reign of George III in England. (
  • Capital punishment is given to prisoners who are convicted of committing unspeakable acts and after years in prison some welcome their demise. (
  • (1) Somehow, astonishingly enough, nobody seems to have noticed that central to the story is the subject of capital punishment and its history. (
  • Includes legislation modifying law to meet constitutional standards for excluding intellectually disabled individuals from capital punishment and for determining a defendant's intellectual disability. (
  • Includes legislation that repeals capital punishment laws or reinstates capital punishment. (
  • Includes ballot measures and legislative resolutions or legislation addressing capital punishment, including studies of capital punishment laws and practices. (
  • Increasingly, capital punishment legislation being considered in state legislatures across the nation is focused on concerns over cost, viable methods of execution, intellectual disability, and lengthy trial and appellate procedures. (
  • Until 2010 when it was formally prohibited by federal legislation it could still have been used as a punishment for treason during a time of war or the Ashes. (
  • A vocal champion of human rights, Haasan doesn't think capital punishment is the solution for violence against women. (
  • I think capital punishment is a good thing. (
  • Before a nation or state abolishes capital punishment, it would generally have already created a culture that makes capital punishment undesirable. (
  • Capital punishment is a legal penalty in the mainland of the People's Republic of China . (
  • But isn't punishment just a temporary penalty for committing a crime? (
  • Both John Paul II in Evangelium Vitae and the Catechism reject killing AS A PENALTY, i.e., as a punishment, i.e., for retributive reasons. (
  • Third, the thesis that Robbie (wrongly) attributes to John Paul II - that the execution of a criminal cannot be regarded any longer as a matter of penalty, punishment, or retributive justice, but instead only as a kind of defense - is extremely morally problematic. (
  • All punishment is based on the same simple truth: there must be a penalty for wrongdoing. (
  • In order for there to be punishment, there must be both a wrongdoer and an authority to inflict the penalty. (
  • The Catechism goes on to stipulate that non-lethal punishment is preferable, and that in practice "the cases in which the execution of the offender is an absolute necessity 'are very rare, if not practically non-existent. (
  • Punishment is a practice that is performed by, and directed at, agents who are responsible in some sense. (
  • The execution of Michael Ross has been delayed several times over the last few weeks, as the courts heard multiple appeals from his family and from opponents of capital punishment. (
  • Capital punishment was one of the classical Five Punishments of China's dynastic period. (
  • During China's early dynasties, capital punishment and amputation were predominant among the five punishments. (
  • But China's approach to capital punishment does appear to be changing. (
  • As a legal process, capital punishment has been modified by several landmark U.S. Supreme Court decisions. (
  • Students identify students to a healthy range of norms and linguistic perspectives, therefore, deployments and capital punishment usa essay neoplasms with Approval who are both understandable teachers and theological-leading studies in our fields. (
  • Posner has a good discussion of the various issue related to capital punishment. (
  • As Posner indicates, serious empirical research on capital punishment began with Isaac Ehrlich's pioneering paper. (
  • Empirical research suggests that societies that do not have capital punishment have fewer murders. (
  • When confronted with real cases involving real victims and murderers, and very specific instances of true evil, a certain segment of the opposing population (highly liberal areas included) discard their niceties regarding academic and perhaps purely philosophical questions on crime and punishment. (
  • Even two lives saved per execution seem like a persuasive benefit-cost ratio for capital punishment. (
  • Of the main developed countries, only the United States , Belarus and Japan use formalized capital punishment, though many developed countries give law enforcement greater authority to kill than allowed by the United States . (
  • The only impediment to the enforcement of laws relating to capital punishment is the Privy Council and they all know this. (
  • Meanwhile, California prosecutors, in particular L.A. County Dist. Atty. Steve Cooley , should stop pursuing capital cases until the voters have had their say. (
  • Capital punishment should not be legal because of unreliability, prisoner's rights, and violation of the eighth amendment. (
  • Capital punishment should not be legal because of unreliability. (
  • Are condemned inmates provided with adequate representation during capital trials? (
  • The main part of this theoretical overview of the subject of legal punishment concentrates on these issues of justification. (
  • According to the principles of retributive justice, punishment is supposed to be more or less in proportion to the magnitude of a crime. (
  • Criminal history data include prior felony convictions for criminal homicide and legal status at the time of the capital offense. (
  • Capital punishment remained a legal military option until 1983 when it was explicitly forbidden in the Constitution of the Netherlands . (
  • Should Capital Punishment be Legal? (
  • However the question remains, should capital punishment be legal? (
  • These are some of the legal issues at the heart of longstanding legal debates over our use of capital punishment. (
  • Nobody should leave this essay thinking, "If we do not ban capital punishment, then we will have 300,000 murderers. (
  • Over this decade, the global trend against capital punishment has become increasingly strong, with almost three out of four countries now having either abolished it or stopped practicing it. (
  • Imagine this hypothetical case: Two men, A and B, have committed the same crime, which is a serious matter but not a capital offense. (
  • Four of the main arguments against capital punishment seem to be that it is uncivilized, that it is ineffective, that innocent people will die and that it kills off (literally) any chance of redemption or rehabilitation. (
  • And innocent people have already died at the hands of capital punishment. (
  • Capital Punishment topics include: execution methods and procedures, trial and appellate procedures, aggravating factors, intellectual disability and mental illness, repeal or reinstatement, ballot measures, resolutions and studies, and other significant enactments. (
  • A higher level of capacity is required to impose punishment than is minimally necessary to make one subject to it. (