Institutional funding for facilities and for equipment which becomes a part of the assets of the institution.
A developmental deformity in which the metaphysis of the FEMUR moves proximally and anteriorly away from FEMUR HEAD (epiphysis) at the upper GROWTH PLATE. It is most common in male adolescents and is associated with a greater risk of early OSTEOARTHRITIS of the hip.
Those funds disbursed for facilities and equipment, particularly those related to the delivery of health care.
A territory of Australia consisting of Canberra, the national capital and surrounding land. It lies geographically within NEW SOUTH WALES and was established by law in 1988.
The use of the death penalty for certain crimes.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Use for articles on the investing of funds for income or profit.
The hemispheric articular surface at the upper extremity of the thigh bone. (Stedman, 26th ed)
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
The head of a long bone that is separated from the shaft by the epiphyseal plate until bone growth stops. At that time, the plate disappears and the head and shaft are united.
The obtaining and management of funds for hospital needs and responsibility for fiscal affairs.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
Private, not-for-profit hospitals that are autonomous, self-established, and self-supported.
A large or important municipality of a country, usually a major metropolitan center.
The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The obtaining and management of funds for institutional needs and responsibility for fiscal affairs.
Involvement in community activities or programs.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
Community or individual involvement in the decision-making process.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.
Aseptic or avascular necrosis of the femoral head. The major types are idiopathic (primary), as a complication of fractures or dislocations, and LEGG-CALVE-PERTHES DISEASE.
Mobilization of human, financial, capital, physical and or natural resources to generate goods and services.
The branch of psychology which investigates the psychology of crime with particular reference to the personality factors of the criminal.
A particular type of FEMUR HEAD NECROSIS occurring in children, mainly male, with a course of four years or so.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The status of health in urban populations.
The country is bordered by RUSSIA on the north and CHINA on the west, south, and east. The capita is Ulaanbaatar.
The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.
The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.
The circumstances in which people are born, grow up, live, work, and age, as well as the systems put in place to deal with illness. These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces: economics, social policies, and politics (
The collective name for the islands of the Pacific Ocean northeast of Australia, including NEW CALEDONIA; VANUATU; New Hebrides, Solomon Islands, Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, FIJI, etc. Melanesia (from the Greek melas, black + nesos, island) is so called from the black color of the natives who are generally considered to be descended originally from the Negroid Papuans and the Polynesians or Malays. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p748 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p344)
Economic aspects related to the management and operation of a hospital.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Persons who donate their services.
Hospitals owned and operated by a corporation or an individual that operate on a for-profit basis, also referred to as investor-owned hospitals.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.
Absolute, comparative, or differential costs pertaining to services, institutions, resources, etc., or the analysis and study of these costs.
The absence of appropriate stimuli in the physical or social environment which are necessary for the emotional, social, and intellectual development of the individual.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
A state in south central Australia. Its capital is Adelaide. It was probably first visited by F. Thyssen in 1627. Later discoveries in 1802 and 1830 opened up the southern part. It became a British province in 1836 with this self-descriptive name and became a state in 1901. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1135)
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
An organizational enterprise between a public sector agency, federal, state or local, and a private sector entity. Skills and assets of each sector are shared to deliver a service or facility for the benefit or use of the general public.
Materials and equipment in stock; includes drugs in pharmacies, blood in blood banks, etc.
A pathological mechanical process that can lead to hip failure. It is caused by abnormalities of the ACETABULUM and/or FEMUR combined with rigorous hip motion, leading to repetitive collisions that damage the soft tissue structures.
The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Any enhancement of a motivated behavior in which individuals do the same thing with some degree of mutual stimulation and consequent coordination.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Size and composition of the family.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The combining of administrative and organizational resources of two or more health care facilities.
The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.
Comprehensive planning for the physical development of the city.
Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.
Hospital department responsible for the purchasing of supplies and equipment.
Sudden onset water phenomena with different speed of occurrence. These include flash floods, seasonal river floods, and coastal floods, associated with CYCLONIC STORMS; TIDALWAVES; and storm surges.
A republic in western Africa, southwest of ALGERIA and west of MALI. Its capital is Nouakchott.
Those aspects or characteristics which identify a culture.
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
Interactional process combining investigation, discussion, and agreement by a number of people in the preparation and carrying out of a program to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community. It usually involves the action of a formal political, legal, or recognized voluntary body.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
The application of mathematical formulas and statistical techniques to the testing and quantifying of economic theories and the solution of economic problems.
Economic sector concerned with the provision, distribution, and consumption of health care services and related products.
A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
An island south of Australia and the smallest state of the Commonwealth. Its capital is Hobart. It was discovered and named Van Diemen's Island in 1642 by Abel Tasman, a Dutch navigator, in honor of the Dutch governor-general of the Dutch East Indian colonies. It was renamed for the discoverer in 1853. In 1803 it was taken over by Great Britain and was used as a penal colony. It was granted government in 1856 and federated as a state in 1901. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1190 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, p535)
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
The amounts spent by individuals, groups, nations, or private or public organizations for total health care and/or its various components. These amounts may or may not be equivalent to the actual costs (HEALTH CARE COSTS) and may or may not be shared among the patient, insurers, and/or employers.
Sudden slips on a fault, and the resulting ground shaking and radiated seismic energy caused by the slips, or by volcanic or magmatic activity, or other sudden stress changes in the earth. Faults are fractures along which the blocks of EARTH crust on either side have moved relative to one another parallel to the fracture.
Narcotic analgesic related to CODEINE, but more potent and more addicting by weight. It is used also as cough suppressant.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Management of the internal organization of the hospital.
Reorganization of the hospital corporate structure.
Benign hypertrophy that projects outward from the surface of bone, often containing a cartilaginous component.
Ratio of output to effort, or the ratio of effort produced to energy expended.
The interactions between representatives of institutions, agencies, or organizations.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The human ability to adapt in the face of tragedy, trauma, adversity, hardship, and ongoing significant life stressors.
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and west of GUINEA. Its capital is Bissau.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
Behavioral, psychological, and social relations among various members of the nuclear family and the extended family.
The assignment, to each of several particular cost-centers, of an equitable proportion of the costs of activities that serve all of them. Cost-center usually refers to institutional departments or services.
The constricted portion of the thigh bone between the femur head and the trochanters.
The obligations and accountability assumed in carrying out actions or ideas on behalf of others.
It is the study of social phenomena which characterize the learned, shared, and transmitted social activities of particular ethnic groups with focus on the causes, consequences, and complexities of human social and cultural variability.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
A self-evaluation of health status.
Expendable and nonexpendable equipment, supplies, apparatus, and instruments that are used in diagnostic, surgical, therapeutic, scientific, and experimental procedures.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
Individuals connecting by family, work or other interests. It also includes connectivity facilitated by computer-based communications.
City, urban, rural, or suburban areas which are characterized by severe economic deprivation and by accompanying physical and social decay.
Costs which are directly identifiable with a particular service.
All organized methods of funding.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)
Planned management, use, and preservation of energy resources.
Individuals classified according to their sex, racial origin, religion, common place of living, financial or social status, or some other cultural or behavioral attribute. (UMLS, 2003)
The status of health in rural populations.
Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.
A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.
Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.
A self-governing territory formed from the central and eastern portions of the Northwest Territories. It was officially established April 1, 1999. The capital is Iqaluit.
The interactions between individuals of different generations. These interactions include communication, caring, accountability, loyalty, and even conflict between related or non-related individuals.
A republic in western Africa, south of SENEGAL and MALI, east of GUINEA-BISSAU. Its capital is Conakry.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
Displacement of the femur bone from its normal position at the HIP JOINT.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Attachment of a bone in which its head and neck is rotated excessively backward.
Those forms of control which are exerted in less concrete and tangible ways, as through folkways, mores, conventions, and public sentiment.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Any type of research that employs nonnumeric information to explore individual or group characteristics, producing findings not arrived at by statistical procedures or other quantitative means. (Qualitative Inquiry: A Dictionary of Terms Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1997)
Dedication or commitment shown by employees to organizations or institutions where they work.
The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.
Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
Planet that is the third in order from the sun. It is one of the four inner or terrestrial planets of the SOLAR SYSTEM.
The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.
The individual's experience of a sense of fulfillment of a need or want and the quality or state of being satisfied.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Federal, state, or local government organized methods of financial assistance.
Planning that has the goals of improving health, improving accessibility to health services, and promoting efficiency in the provision of services and resources on a comprehensive basis for a whole community. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988, p299)
The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.
Available manpower, facilities, revenue, equipment, and supplies to produce requisite health care and services.
Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.
That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.
The separation of individuals or groups resulting in the lack of or minimizing of social contact and/or communication. This separation may be accomplished by physical separation, by social barriers and by psychological mechanisms. In the latter, there may be interaction but no real communication.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
The inhabitants of peripheral or adjacent areas of a city or town.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
A republic in central Africa, east of NIGER, west of SUDAN and south of LIBYA. Its capital is N'Djamena.
A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.
Usually organized community efforts to raise money to promote financial programs of institutions. The funds may include individual gifts.
Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.
The planned upgrading of a deteriorating urban area, involving rebuilding, renovation, or restoration. It frequently refers to programs of major demolition and rebuilding of blighted areas.
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
The state of the organism when it functions optimally without evidence of disease.
Calamities producing great damage, loss of life, and distress. They include results of natural phenomena and man-made phenomena. Normal conditions of existence are disrupted and the level of impact exceeds the capacity of the hazard-affected community.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.
Value of all final goods and services produced in a country in one year.
A republic in central Africa south of CHAD and SUDAN, north of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, and east of CAMEROON. The capital is Bangui.
The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
A province of western Canada, lying between the provinces of British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Its capital is Edmonton. It was named in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p26 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p12)
All deaths reported in a given population.
The process by which decisions are made in an institution or other organization.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Establishment of the age of an individual by examination of their skeletal structure.
One of the Indian Ocean Islands off the southeast coast of Africa. Its capital is Antananarivo. It was formerly called the Malagasy Republic. Discovered by the Portuguese in 1500, its history has been tied predominantly to the French, becoming a French protectorate in 1882, a French colony in 1896, and a territory within the French union in 1946. The Malagasy Republic was established in the French Community in 1958 but it achieved independence in 1960. Its name was changed to Madagascar in 1975. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p714)
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA, east of DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO, west of TANZANIA. Its capital is Kigali. It was formerly part of the Belgian trust territory of Ruanda-Urund.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Child who has lost both parents through death or desertion.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.

Reform follows failure: II. Pressure for change in the Lebanese health sector. (1/86)

This paper describes how, against a background of growing financial crisis, pressure for reform is building up in the Lebanese health care system. It describes the various agendas and influences that played a role. The Ministry of Health, backed by some international organizations, has started taking the lead in a reform that addresses both the way care is delivered and the way it is financed. The paper describes the interventions made to prepare reform. The experience in Lebanon shows that this preparation is a process of muddling through, experimentation and alliance building, rather than the marketing of an overall coherent blueprint.  (+info)

Assessing the use of nuclear medicine technology in sub-Saharan Africa: the essential equipment list. (2/86)

OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the survey was to determine the core equipment required in a nuclear medicine department in public hospitals in Kenya and South Africa, and evaluate the capital investment requirements. METHODS: Physical site audits of equipment and direct interviews of medical and clinical engineering professionals were performed, as well as examination of tender and purchase documents, maintenance payment receipts, and other relevant documents. Originally, 10 public hospitals were selected: 6 referral and 4 teaching hospitals. The 6 referral hospitals were excluded from the survey due to lack of essential documents and records on equipment. The medical and technical staff from these hospitals were, however, interviewed on equipment usage and technical constraints. Data collection was done on-site and counter-checked against documents provided by the hospital administration. RESULTS: A list of essential equipment for a nuclear medicine department in sub-Saharan Africa was identified. Quotations for equipment were provided by all major equipment suppliers, local and international. CONCLUSION: A nuclear medicine department requires eight essential pieces of equipment to operate in sub-Saharan Africa. Two additional items are desirable but not essential.  (+info)

Reengineering the picture archiving and communication system (PACS) process for digital imaging networks PACS. (3/86)

Prior to June 1997, military picture archiving and communications systems (PACS) were planned, procured, and installed with key decisions on the system, equipment, and even funding sources made through a research and development office called Medical Diagnostic Imaging Systems (MDIS). Beginning in June 1997, the Joint Imaging Technology Project Office (JITPO) initiated a collaborative and consultative process for planning and implementing PACS into military treatment facilities through a new Department of Defense (DoD) contract vehicle called digital imaging networks (DIN)-PACS. The JITPO reengineered this process incorporating multiple organizations and politics. The reengineered PACS process administered through the JITPO transformed the decision process and accountability from a single office to a consultative method that increased end-user knowledge, responsibility, and ownership in PACS. The JITPO continues to provide information and services that assist multiple groups and users in rendering PACS planning and implementation decisions. Local site project managers are involved from the outset and this end-user collaboration has made the sometimes difficult transition to PACS an easier and more acceptable process for all involved. Corporately, this process saved DoD sites millions by having PACS plans developed within the government and proposed to vendors second, and then having vendors respond specifically to those plans. The integrity and efficiency of the process have reduced the opportunity for implementing nonstandard systems while sharing resources and reducing wasted government dollars. This presentation will describe the chronology of changes, encountered obstacles, and lessons learned within the reengineering of the PACS process for DIN-PACS.  (+info)

Technology assessment and requirements analysis: a process to facilitate decision making in picture archiving and communications system implementation. (4/86)

In a time of decreasing resources, managers need a tool to manage their resources effectively, support clinical requirements, and replace aging equipment in order to ensure adequate clinical care. To do this successfully, one must be able to perform technology assessment and capital equipment asset management. The lack of a commercial system that adequately performed technology needs assessment and addressed the unique needs of the military led to the development of an in-house Technology Assessment and Requirements Analysis (TARA) program. The TARA is a tool that provides an unbiased review of clinical operations and the resulting capital equipment requirements for military hospitals. The TARA report allows for the development of acquisition strategies for new equipment, enhances personnel management, and improves and streamlines clinical operations and processes.  (+info)

Characteristics of private medical practice in India: a provider perspective. (5/86)

Supply factors, depicted by input market conditions and government regulations, and demand factors, depicted by financing mechanisms and utilization patterns, are likely to determine the shape and character of private medical practice. The interaction of this complex set of factors will have considerable implications for the cost access and quality of services offered by this sector. Understanding these characteristics from a provider perspective is imperative to influence the behaviour of providers in this sector. This paper describes some of the important characteristics of private medical practice using a case study of an urban district in India, Ahmedabad, and analyzes their implications. Using survey data of 130 private doctors in the allopathic system, the paper describes broad characteristics of private medical practice using parameters such as growth of private practice, patient load and referrals within the sector, payment methods and determinants, patient concerns, and risks associated with private practice. The paper presents views on the prevalence of various undesirable practices in the private medical sector. It also discusses the awareness of providers about selected important regulations. The findings suggest that growing capital intensity due to cost of location, medical equipment and technology, and financial sources of capital investments are some unfavourable environmental factors experienced by private providers. The findings also indicate a high prevalence of various undesirable practices and low awareness of the objectives of important legislation among practicing doctors. Lack of awareness of important and relevant legislation raises serious questions about the implementation of these laws. The paper identifies the strong need for instituting and implementing an effective continuing medical education programme for practicing doctors, and linking it with their registration and continuation of their license to practice. The paper also suggests that cost of health care, access and quality problems will worsen with the growth of the private sector. The public policy response to check some of the undesirable consequences of this growth is critical and should focus on strengthening the existing institutional mechanisms to protect patients, developing and implementing an appropriate regulatory framework and strengthening the public health care delivery system. The study also discusses various other policy implications arising.  (+info)

Capital finance and ownership conversions in health care. (6/86)

This paper analyzes the for-profit transformation of health care, with emphasis on Internet start-ups, physician practice management firms, insurance plans, and hospitals at various stages in the industry life cycle. Venture capital, conglomerate diversification, publicly traded equity, convertible bonds, retained earnings, and taxable corporate debt come with forms of financial accountability that are distinct from those inherent in the capital sources available to nonprofit organizations. The pattern of for-profit conversions varies across health sectors, parallel with the relative advantages and disadvantages of for-profit and nonprofit capital sources in those sectors.  (+info)

Research capacity in UK primary care. (7/86)

BACKGROUND: Moves towards a 'primary care-led' National Health Service (NHS) and towards evidence-based care have focused attention upon the need for evaluative research relating to the structure, delivery, and outcome of primary health care in the United Kingdom (UK). This paper describes work carried out to inform the Department of Health Committee on Research and Development (R&D) in Primary Care (Mant Committee). AIM: To describe the extent and nature of current research capacity in primary care in the UK and to identify future needs and priorities. METHOD: Funding data were requested from NHS National Programmes, NHS Executive Regional Offices, the Department of Health (DoH), Scottish Office, Medical Research Council, and some charities. A postal survey was sent to relevant academic departments, and appropriate academic journals were reviewed from 1992 to 1996. In addition, interviews were conducted with academic and professional leaders in primary care. RESULTS: Overall, total annual primary care R&D spend by the NHS and the DoH was found to be 7% of the total spend, although annual primary care R&D spend differs according to funding source. Journals relating to primary care do not, with some notable exceptions (e.g. British Journal of General Practice, Family Practice), have high academic status, and research into primary care by academic departments is, with perhaps the exception of general practice, on a small scale. The research base of most primary care professions is minimal, and significant barriers were identified that will need addressing if research capacity is to be expanded. CONCLUSION: There are strong arguments for the development of primary care research in a 'primary care-led' NHS in the UK. However, dashes for growth or attempts to expand capacity from the present infrastructure must be avoided in favour of endeavours to foster a sustainable, long-term research infrastructure capable of responding meaningfully to identified needs.  (+info)

Understanding financing options for PACS implementation. Picture archiving and communication systems. (8/86)

The acquisition of expensive equipment such as picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) becomes increasingly difficult as capital budgets become tighter. Traditional ownership financing options in the form of direct purchase or financing (loan) have several limitations including technology obsolescence, higher fixed pricing, limited options for equipment disposal, and the need to tie up valuable capital. Alternative financing options, in the form of conventional lease and risk sharing arrangements, offer several theoretical advantages including technology obsolescence protection in the form of built-in upgrades, preservation of borrowing power, multiple end-of-term options, and payment flexibility (which can be directly tied to realized productivity and operational efficiency gains). These options are discussed, with emphasis on the acquisition of PACS.  (+info)

A condition in which the bone end of a growth plate (epiphysis) becomes separated from the rest of the bone. This can occur due to injury, overuse, or a congenital condition. It is also known as slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE).

This term is used in the medical field to describe a specific type of bone fracture or injury that occurs in the growth plates of children and adolescents. The growth plates are areas at the ends of long bones where new bone tissue is formed as the bone grows. Slipped epiphyses can occur in any long bone, but they are most common in the femur (thighbone) and humerus (upper arm bone).

Symptoms of slipped epiphyses may include pain, swelling, limited mobility, and an obvious deformity in the affected limb. Treatment typically involves immobilization in a cast or brace for several weeks to allow the bone to heal properly. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to realign the bones and secure them with screws or pins.

Slipped epiphyses can have long-term consequences if not properly treated, including joint instability, stiffness, and arthritis. Therefore, prompt medical attention is essential to ensure proper healing and minimize potential complications.

This can cause pain, stiffness, and difficulty walking. In severe cases, it can lead to complete hip joint dislocation. FHN is typically caused by trauma or aseptic conditions such as osteonecrosis (death of bone cells due to lack of blood supply), sickle cell disease, Gaucher's disease, and long-term use of steroids. Treatment options include conservative management with pain management, physical therapy, and avoiding activities that exacerbate the condition; or surgical intervention such as femoral head osteotomy (cutting and realigning the bone) or hip replacement.

The prognosis for FHN depends on the severity of the condition, with more severe cases carrying a worse prognosis. Early diagnosis and treatment are key to improving outcomes.

Note: The word "toothache" refers to pain in one or more teeth, and not to general gum pain or discomfort.

FAI is a common cause of hip pain in young adults and athletes who participate in high-impact activities such as running or jumping. It can also occur in older individuals as a result of wear and tear on the joint over time. The condition is typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, imaging tests such as X-rays or MRIs, and patient history.

FAI can be classified into three types based on the location and severity of the impingement:

1. Cam impingement: This occurs when the femur is not properly positioned in the socket, causing the head of the femur to jam against the rim of the acetabulum.
2. Pincer impingement: This occurs when the acetabulum is too deep and covers the femur head, causing it to be pinched between the bone and soft tissue.
3. Combination impingement: This occurs when both cam and pincer impingements are present.

Treatment for FAI typically involves a combination of non-surgical and surgical options, depending on the severity of the condition and the individual patient's needs. Non-surgical treatment may include physical therapy to improve strength and range of motion, medication to reduce pain and inflammation, and lifestyle modifications such as avoiding activities that exacerbate the condition. Surgical options may include hip arthroscopy to remove any bone spurs or repair damaged tissue, or hip replacement surgery if the joint is severely damaged.

Exostoses are benign bone tumors that grow on the surface of a bone. They are usually found in the long bones of the arms and legs, but can also occur in other bones. Exostoses are relatively rare and tend to affect children and young adults more frequently than older adults.

The exact cause of exostoses is not known, but they may be associated with certain genetic conditions or trauma to the affected bone. Treatment for exostoses usually involves surgical removal of the tumor, and in some cases, radiation therapy may be recommended to prevent recurrence.

Exostoses can cause a variety of symptoms depending on their location and size. These may include pain, swelling, and limited mobility in the affected limb. In some cases, exostoses may also lead to fractures or other complications if they weaken the bone structure.

There are several different types of exostoses, including:

1. Juvenile osteochondromas: These are the most common type of exostose and typically affect children and young adults. They are usually found in the long bones of the arms and legs.
2. Osteochondromas: These are similar to juvenile osteochondromas but occur more frequently in adults.
3. Enchondromas: These are benign tumors that occur within the cartilage of a bone.
4. Osteoid osteomas: These are small, painful bone tumors that can occur in any bone of the body.
5. Fibrous dysplasia: This is a condition where abnormal growth and development of bone tissue leads to the formation of bony outgrowths or tumors.

The diagnosis of exostoses usually involves a combination of physical examination, imaging studies such as X-rays or CT scans, and biopsy to confirm the presence of a benign bone tumor. Treatment options for exostoses will depend on the size, location, and severity of the tumor, as well as the patient's age and overall health status.

1. Dislocation of the femoral head: This occurs when the ball-shaped head of the femur (thigh bone) is forced out of the socket of the pelvis.
2. Dislocation of the acetabulum: This occurs when the cup-shaped socket of the pelvis is forced out of its normal position.

Hip dislocation can cause severe pain, swelling, and difficulty moving the affected leg. Treatment options for hip dislocation vary depending on the severity of the condition and may include:

1. Reduction: This involves manually putting the bones back into their proper position.
2. Surgery: This may be necessary to repair or replace damaged tissues or bones.
3. Physical therapy: This can help improve mobility and strength in the affected limb.
4. Medications: These may be prescribed to manage pain, inflammation, and other symptoms.

Early diagnosis and treatment of hip dislocation are essential to prevent long-term complications and improve outcomes for patients.

There are several types of tooth injuries that can occur, including:

1. Tooth fractures: A crack or break in a tooth, which can vary in severity from a small chip to a more extensive crack or split.
2. Tooth avulsions: The complete loss of a tooth due to trauma, often caused by a blow to the mouth or face.
3. Tooth intrusions: When a tooth is pushed into the jawbone or gum tissue.
4. Tooth extrusions: When a tooth is forced out of its socket.
5. Soft tissue injuries: Damage to the lips, cheeks, tongue, or other soft tissues of the mouth.
6. Alveolar bone fractures: Fractures to the bone that surrounds the roots of the teeth.
7. Dental luxation: The displacement of a tooth from its normal position within the jawbone.
8. Tooth embedded in the skin or mucous membrane: When a tooth becomes lodged in the skin or mucous membrane of the mouth.

Treatment for tooth injuries depends on the severity of the injury and can range from simple restorative procedures, such as fillings or crowns, to more complex procedures, such as dental implants or bone grafting. In some cases, urgent medical attention may be necessary to prevent further complications or tooth loss.

The symptoms of AIDS can vary depending on the individual and the stage of the disease. Common symptoms include:

1. Fever
2. Fatigue
3. Swollen glands
4. Rash
5. Muscle aches and joint pain
6. Night sweats
7. Diarrhea
8. Weight loss
9. Memory loss and other neurological problems
10. Cancer and other opportunistic infections.

AIDS is diagnosed through blood tests that detect the presence of HIV antibodies or the virus itself. There is no cure for AIDS, but antiretroviral therapy (ART) can help manage the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Prevention methods include using condoms, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), and avoiding sharing needles or other injection equipment.

In summary, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a severe and life-threatening condition caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). It is characterized by a severely weakened immune system, which makes it difficult to fight off infections and diseases. While there is no cure for AIDS, antiretroviral therapy can help manage the symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Prevention methods include using condoms, pre-exposure prophylaxis, and avoiding sharing needles or other injection equipment.

Some common types of mental disorders include:

1. Anxiety disorders: These conditions cause excessive worry, fear, or anxiety that interferes with daily life. Examples include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and social anxiety disorder.
2. Mood disorders: These conditions affect a person's mood, causing feelings of sadness, hopelessness, or anger that persist for weeks or months. Examples include depression, bipolar disorder, and seasonal affective disorder.
3. Personality disorders: These conditions involve patterns of thought and behavior that deviate from the norm of the average person. Examples include borderline personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, and antisocial personality disorder.
4. Psychotic disorders: These conditions cause a person to lose touch with reality, resulting in delusions, hallucinations, or disorganized thinking. Examples include schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, and brief psychotic disorder.
5. Trauma and stressor-related disorders: These conditions develop after a person experiences a traumatic event, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
6. Dissociative disorders: These conditions involve a disconnection or separation from one's body, thoughts, or emotions. Examples include dissociative identity disorder (formerly known as multiple personality disorder) and depersonalization disorder.
7. Neurodevelopmental disorders: These conditions affect the development of the brain and nervous system, leading to symptoms such as difficulty with social interaction, communication, and repetitive behaviors. Examples include autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and Rett syndrome.

Mental disorders can be diagnosed by a mental health professional using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), which provides criteria for each condition. Treatment typically involves a combination of medication and therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or psychodynamic therapy, depending on the specific disorder and individual needs.

The endocrine system is a network of glands and hormones that regulate various bodily functions, such as growth, development, metabolism, and reproductive processes. Endocrine system diseases refer to disorders or abnormalities that affect one or more of the endocrine glands or the hormones they produce.

Types of Endocrine System Diseases:

1. Diabetes Mellitus (DM): A group of metabolic disorders characterized by high blood sugar levels due to insulin deficiency or insulin resistance.
2. Hypothyroidism: A condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones, leading to symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, and cold intolerance.
3. Hyperthyroidism: A condition where the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone, leading to symptoms such as anxiety, weight loss, and heart palpitations.
4. Cushing's Syndrome: A rare disorder caused by excessive levels of cortisol hormone in the body, leading to symptoms such as weight gain, high blood pressure, and mood changes.
5. Addison's Disease: A rare disorder caused by a deficiency of cortisol and aldosterone hormones in the body, leading to symptoms such as fatigue, weight loss, and dehydration.
6. Pituitary Gland Disorders: Tumors or cysts in the pituitary gland can affect the production of hormones that regulate other endocrine glands.
7. Adrenal Insufficiency: A condition where the adrenal glands do not produce enough cortisol and aldosterone hormones, leading to symptoms such as fatigue, weight loss, and dehydration.
8. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): A hormonal disorder that affects women of reproductive age, characterized by irregular menstrual cycles, cysts on the ovaries, and insulin resistance.
9. Graves' Disease: An autoimmune disorder that causes hyperthyroidism (an overactive thyroid gland), leading to symptoms such as rapid weight loss, nervousness, and heart palpitations.
10. Hashimoto's Thyroiditis: An autoimmune disorder that causes hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid gland), leading to symptoms such as fatigue, weight gain, and depression.

These are just a few examples of endocrine disorders, and there are many more that can affect different parts of the endocrine system. It's important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of these disorders so that you can seek medical attention if you experience any unusual changes in your body.

HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection is a condition in which the body is infected with HIV, a type of retrovirus that attacks the body's immune system. HIV infection can lead to AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), a condition in which the immune system is severely damaged and the body is unable to fight off infections and diseases.

There are several ways that HIV can be transmitted, including:

1. Sexual contact with an infected person
2. Sharing of needles or other drug paraphernalia with an infected person
3. Mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding
4. Blood transfusions ( although this is rare in developed countries due to screening processes)
5. Organ transplantation (again, rare)

The symptoms of HIV infection can be mild at first and may not appear until several years after infection. These symptoms can include:

1. Fever
2. Fatigue
3. Swollen glands in the neck, armpits, and groin
4. Rash
5. Muscle aches and joint pain
6. Night sweats
7. Diarrhea
8. Weight loss

If left untreated, HIV infection can progress to AIDS, which is a life-threatening condition that can cause a wide range of symptoms, including:

1. Opportunistic infections (such as pneumocystis pneumonia)
2. Cancer (such as Kaposi's sarcoma)
3. Wasting syndrome
4. Neurological problems (such as dementia and seizures)

HIV infection is diagnosed through a combination of blood tests and physical examination. Treatment typically involves antiretroviral therapy (ART), which is a combination of medications that work together to suppress the virus and slow the progression of the disease.

Prevention methods for HIV infection include:

1. Safe sex practices, such as using condoms and dental dams
2. Avoiding sharing needles or other drug-injecting equipment
3. Avoiding mother-to-child transmission during pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding
4. Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), which is a short-term treatment that can prevent infection after potential exposure to the virus
5. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), which is a daily medication that can prevent infection in people who are at high risk of being exposed to the virus.

It's important to note that HIV infection is manageable with proper treatment and care, and that people living with HIV can lead long and healthy lives. However, it's important to be aware of the risks and take steps to prevent transmission.

Types of Substance-Related Disorders:

1. Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD): A chronic disease characterized by the excessive consumption of alcohol, leading to impaired control over drinking, social or personal problems, and increased risk of health issues.
2. Opioid Use Disorder (OUD): A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of opioids, such as prescription painkillers or heroin, leading to withdrawal symptoms when the substance is not available.
3. Stimulant Use Disorder: A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of stimulants, such as cocaine or amphetamines, leading to impaired control over use and increased risk of adverse effects.
4. Cannabis Use Disorder: A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of cannabis, leading to impaired control over use and increased risk of adverse effects.
5. Hallucinogen Use Disorder: A chronic disease characterized by the excessive use of hallucinogens, such as LSD or psilocybin mushrooms, leading to impaired control over use and increased risk of adverse effects.

Causes and Risk Factors:

1. Genetics: Individuals with a family history of substance-related disorders are more likely to develop these conditions.
2. Mental health: Individuals with mental health conditions, such as depression or anxiety, may be more likely to use substances as a form of self-medication.
3. Environmental factors: Exposure to substances at an early age, peer pressure, and social environment can increase the risk of developing a substance-related disorder.
4. Brain chemistry: Substance use can alter brain chemistry, leading to dependence and addiction.


1. Increased tolerance: The need to use more of the substance to achieve the desired effect.
2. Withdrawal: Experiencing symptoms such as anxiety, irritability, or nausea when the substance is not present.
3. Loss of control: Using more substance than intended or for longer than intended.
4. Neglecting responsibilities: Neglecting responsibilities at home, work, or school due to substance use.
5. Continued use despite negative consequences: Continuing to use the substance despite physical, emotional, or financial consequences.


1. Physical examination: A doctor may perform a physical examination to look for signs of substance use, such as track marks or changes in heart rate and blood pressure.
2. Laboratory tests: Blood or urine tests can confirm the presence of substances in the body.
3. Psychological evaluation: A mental health professional may conduct a psychological evaluation to assess symptoms of substance-related disorders and determine the presence of co-occurring conditions.


1. Detoxification: A medically-supervised detox program can help manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce the risk of complications.
2. Medications: Medications such as methadone or buprenorphine may be prescribed to manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings.
3. Behavioral therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and contingency management are effective behavioral therapies for treating substance use disorders.
4. Support groups: Joining a support group such as Narcotics Anonymous can provide a sense of community and support for individuals in recovery.
5. Lifestyle changes: Making healthy lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, healthy eating, and getting enough sleep can help manage withdrawal symptoms and reduce cravings.

It's important to note that diagnosis and treatment of substance-related disorders is a complex process and should be individualized based on the specific needs and circumstances of each patient.

Turner syndrome occurs in approximately 1 in every 2,500 to 3,000 live female births and is more common in girls born to older mothers. The symptoms of Turner syndrome can vary widely and may include:

* Short stature and delayed growth and development
* Infertility or lack of menstruation (amenorrhea)
* Heart defects, such as a narrowed aorta or a hole in the heart
* Eye problems, such as cataracts, glaucoma, or crossed eyes
* Hearing loss or deafness
* Bone and joint problems, such as scoliosis or clubfoot
* Cognitive impairments, including learning disabilities and memory problems
* Delayed speech and language development
* Poor immune function, leading to recurrent infections

Turner syndrome is usually diagnosed at birth or during childhood, based on physical characteristics such as short stature, low muscle tone, or heart defects. Chromosomal analysis can also confirm the diagnosis.

There is no cure for Turner syndrome, but treatment can help manage the symptoms and improve quality of life. Hormone replacement therapy may be used to stimulate growth and development in children, while adults with the condition may require ongoing hormone therapy to maintain bone density and prevent osteoporosis. Surgery may be necessary to correct heart defects or other physical abnormalities. Speech and language therapy can help improve communication skills, and cognitive training may be beneficial for learning disabilities.

The long-term outlook for individuals with Turner syndrome varies depending on the severity of the condition and the presence of any additional health problems. With proper medical care and support, many women with Turner syndrome can lead fulfilling lives, but they may face unique challenges related to fertility, heart health, and other issues.

Acute wounds and injuries are those that occur suddenly and heal within a relatively short period of time, usually within a few days or weeks. Examples of acute wounds include cuts, scrapes, and burns. Chronic wounds and injuries, on the other hand, are those that persist over a longer period of time and may not heal properly, leading to long-term complications. Examples of chronic wounds include diabetic foot ulcers, pressure ulcers, and chronic back pain.

Wounds and injuries can be caused by a variety of factors, including accidents, sports injuries, violence, and medical conditions such as diabetes or circulatory problems. Treatment for wounds and injuries depends on the severity of the injury and may include cleaning and dressing the wound, applying antibiotics, immobilizing broken bones, and providing pain management. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damaged tissues or restore function.

Preventive measures for wounds and injuries include wearing appropriate protective gear during activities such as sports or work, following safety protocols to avoid accidents, maintaining proper hygiene and nutrition to prevent infection, and seeking medical attention promptly if an injury occurs.

Overall, wounds and injuries can have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, and it is important to seek medical attention promptly if symptoms persist or worsen over time. Proper treatment and management of wounds and injuries can help to promote healing, reduce the risk of complications, and improve long-term outcomes.

The hip joint is a ball-and-socket joint that connects the thigh bone (femur) to the pelvis. In a healthy hip joint, the smooth cartilage on the ends of the bones allows for easy movement and reduced friction. However, when the cartilage wears down due to age or injury, the bones can rub together, causing pain and stiffness.

Hip OA is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is more common in older adults, but it can also occur in younger people due to injuries or genetic factors. Women are more likely to develop hip OA than men, especially after the age of 50.

The symptoms of hip OA can vary, but they may include:

* Pain or stiffness in the groin or hip area
* Limited mobility or range of motion in the hip joint
* Cracking or grinding sounds when moving the hip joint
* Pain or discomfort when walking, standing, or engaging in other activities

If left untreated, hip OA can lead to further joint damage and disability. However, there are several treatment options available, including medications, physical therapy, and surgery, that can help manage the symptoms and slow down the progression of the disease.

1. Feline Leukemia Virus (FeLV): This is a highly contagious virus that weakens the immune system, making cats more susceptible to other infections and cancer.
2. Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV): Similar to HIV in humans, this virus attacks the immune system and can lead to a range of secondary infections and diseases.
3. Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP): A viral disease that causes fluid accumulation in the abdomen and chest, leading to difficulty breathing and abdominal pain.
4. Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD): A group of conditions that affect the bladder and urethra, including urinary tract infections and kidney stones.
5. Feline Diabetes: Cats can develop diabetes, which can lead to a range of complications if left untreated, including urinary tract infections, kidney disease, and blindness.
6. Feline Hyperthyroidism: An overactive thyroid gland that can cause weight loss, anxiety, and heart problems if left untreated.
7. Feline Cancer: Cats can develop various types of cancer, including lymphoma, leukemia, and skin cancer.
8. Dental disease: Cats are prone to dental problems, such as tartar buildup, gum disease, and tooth resorption.
9. Obesity: A common problem in cats, obesity can lead to a range of health issues, including diabetes, arthritis, and heart disease.
10. Behavioral disorders: Cats can develop behavioral disorders such as anxiety, stress, and aggression, which can impact their quality of life and relationships with humans.

It's important to note that many of these diseases can be prevented or managed with proper care, including regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, parasite control, a balanced diet, exercise, and mental stimulation. Additionally, early detection and treatment can significantly improve the outcome for cats with health issues.

The symptoms of cholera include:

1. Diarrhea: Cholera causes profuse, watery diarrhea that can last for several days.
2. Dehydration: The loss of fluids and electrolytes due to diarrhea can lead to severe dehydration, which can be life-threatening if not treated promptly.
3. Nausea and vomiting: Cholera patients may experience nausea and vomiting, especially in the early stages of the disease.
4. Abdominal cramps: The abdomen may become tender and painful due to the inflammation caused by the bacteria.
5. Low-grade fever: Some patients with cholera may experience a mild fever, typically less than 102°F (39°C).

Cholera is spread through the fecal-oral route, which means that it is transmitted when someone ingests food or water contaminated with the bacteria. The disease can also be spread by direct contact with infected fecal matter, such as through poor hygiene practices or inadequate waste disposal.

There are several ways to diagnose cholera, including:

1. Stool test: A stool sample can be tested for the presence of Vibrio cholerae using a microscope or a rapid diagnostic test (RDT).
2. Blood test: A blood test can detect the presence of antibodies against Vibrio cholerae, which can indicate that the patient has been infected with the bacteria.
3. Physical examination: A healthcare provider may perform a physical examination to look for signs of dehydration and other symptoms of cholera.

Treatment of cholera typically involves replacing lost fluids and electrolytes through oral rehydration therapy (ORT) or intravenous fluids. Antibiotics may also be given to shorten the duration of diarrhea and reduce the risk of complications. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to provide more intensive treatment.

Prevention of cholera involves maintaining good hygiene practices, such as washing hands with soap and water, and avoiding consumption of contaminated food and water. Vaccines are also available to protect against cholera, particularly for people living in areas where the disease is common.

In conclusion, cholera is a highly infectious disease that can cause severe dehydration and even death if left untreated. Early diagnosis and treatment are critical to preventing complications and reducing the risk of transmission. Prevention measures such as vaccination and good hygiene practices can also help control the spread of the disease.

Symptoms of gonorrhea in men include:

* A burning sensation when urinating
* Discharge from the penis
* Painful or swollen testicles
* Painful urination

Symptoms of gonorrhea in women include:

* Increased vaginal discharge
* Painful urination
* Painful intercourse
* Abnormal vaginal bleeding

Gonorrhea can be diagnosed through a physical exam and laboratory tests, such as a urine test or a swab of the affected area. It is typically treated with antibiotics.

If left untreated, gonorrhea can cause serious complications, including:

* Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women
* Epididymitis (inflammation of the tube that carries sperm) in men
* Infertility
* Chronic pain
* Increased risk of HIV transmission

Gonorrhea is a reportable disease, meaning that healthcare providers are required by law to report cases to public health authorities. This helps to track and prevent the spread of the infection.

Prevention methods for gonorrhea include:

* Safe sex practices, such as using condoms or dental dams
* Avoiding sexual contact with someone who has gonorrhea
* Getting regularly tested for STIs
* Using pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention

It is important to note that gonorrhea can be asymptomatic, meaning that individuals may not experience any symptoms even if they have the infection. Therefore, regular testing is important for early detection and treatment.

The burden of chronic diseases is significant, with over 70% of deaths worldwide attributed to them, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In addition to the physical and emotional toll they take on individuals and their families, chronic diseases also pose a significant economic burden, accounting for a large proportion of healthcare expenditure.

In this article, we will explore the definition and impact of chronic diseases, as well as strategies for managing and living with them. We will also discuss the importance of early detection and prevention, as well as the role of healthcare providers in addressing the needs of individuals with chronic diseases.

What is a Chronic Disease?

A chronic disease is a condition that lasts for an extended period of time, often affecting daily life and activities. Unlike acute diseases, which have a specific beginning and end, chronic diseases are long-term and persistent. Examples of chronic diseases include:

1. Diabetes
2. Heart disease
3. Arthritis
4. Asthma
5. Cancer
6. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
7. Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
8. Hypertension
9. Osteoporosis
10. Stroke

Impact of Chronic Diseases

The burden of chronic diseases is significant, with over 70% of deaths worldwide attributed to them, according to the WHO. In addition to the physical and emotional toll they take on individuals and their families, chronic diseases also pose a significant economic burden, accounting for a large proportion of healthcare expenditure.

Chronic diseases can also have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, limiting their ability to participate in activities they enjoy and affecting their relationships with family and friends. Moreover, the financial burden of chronic diseases can lead to poverty and reduce economic productivity, thus having a broader societal impact.

Addressing Chronic Diseases

Given the significant burden of chronic diseases, it is essential that we address them effectively. This requires a multi-faceted approach that includes:

1. Lifestyle modifications: Encouraging healthy behaviors such as regular physical activity, a balanced diet, and smoking cessation can help prevent and manage chronic diseases.
2. Early detection and diagnosis: Identifying risk factors and detecting diseases early can help prevent or delay their progression.
3. Medication management: Effective medication management is crucial for controlling symptoms and slowing disease progression.
4. Multi-disciplinary care: Collaboration between healthcare providers, patients, and families is essential for managing chronic diseases.
5. Health promotion and disease prevention: Educating individuals about the risks of chronic diseases and promoting healthy behaviors can help prevent their onset.
6. Addressing social determinants of health: Social determinants such as poverty, education, and employment can have a significant impact on health outcomes. Addressing these factors is essential for reducing health disparities and improving overall health.
7. Investing in healthcare infrastructure: Investing in healthcare infrastructure, technology, and research is necessary to improve disease detection, diagnosis, and treatment.
8. Encouraging policy change: Policy changes can help create supportive environments for healthy behaviors and reduce the burden of chronic diseases.
9. Increasing public awareness: Raising public awareness about the risks and consequences of chronic diseases can help individuals make informed decisions about their health.
10. Providing support for caregivers: Chronic diseases can have a significant impact on family members and caregivers, so providing them with support is essential for improving overall health outcomes.


Chronic diseases are a major public health burden that affect millions of people worldwide. Addressing these diseases requires a multi-faceted approach that includes lifestyle changes, addressing social determinants of health, investing in healthcare infrastructure, encouraging policy change, increasing public awareness, and providing support for caregivers. By taking a comprehensive approach to chronic disease prevention and management, we can improve the health and well-being of individuals and communities worldwide.

There are three stages of syphilis:

1. Primary stage: A small, painless sore or ulcer (called a chancre) appears at the site of infection, usually on the genitals, rectum, or mouth. This sore heals on its own within 2-6 weeks, but the infection remains in the body.
2. Secondary stage: A rash and other symptoms can appear weeks to months after the primary stage. The rash can be accompanied by fever, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes.
3. Latent stage: After the secondary stage, the infection can enter a latent (hidden) phase, during which there are no visible symptoms but the infection remains in the body. If left untreated, syphilis can progress to the tertiary stage, which can cause serious complications such as damage to the heart, brain, and other organs.

Syphilis is diagnosed through a physical examination, blood tests, and/or a lumbar puncture (spinal tap). Treatment typically involves antibiotics, and early treatment can cure the infection and prevent long-term complications.

Prevention measures include safe sex practices such as using condoms and dental dams, avoiding sexual contact with someone who has syphilis, and getting regularly tested for STIs. It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms of syphilis are present, as early treatment can prevent long-term complications.

There are several different types of malaria, including:

1. Plasmodium falciparum: This is the most severe form of malaria, and it can be fatal if left untreated. It is found in many parts of the world, including Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
2. Plasmodium vivax: This type of malaria is less severe than P. falciparum, but it can still cause serious complications if left untreated. It is found in many parts of the world, including Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
3. Plasmodium ovale: This type of malaria is similar to P. vivax, but it can cause more severe symptoms in some people. It is found primarily in West Africa.
4. Plasmodium malariae: This type of malaria is less common than the other three types, and it tends to cause milder symptoms. It is found primarily in parts of Africa and Asia.

The symptoms of malaria can vary depending on the type of parasite that is causing the infection, but they typically include:

1. Fever
2. Chills
3. Headache
4. Muscle and joint pain
5. Fatigue
6. Nausea and vomiting
7. Diarrhea
8. Anemia (low red blood cell count)

If malaria is not treated promptly, it can lead to more severe complications, such as:

1. Seizures
2. Coma
3. Respiratory failure
4. Kidney failure
5. Liver failure
6. Anemia (low red blood cell count)

Malaria is typically diagnosed through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests, such as blood smears or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests. Treatment for malaria typically involves the use of antimalarial drugs, such as chloroquine or artemisinin-based combination therapies. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to manage complications and provide supportive care.

Prevention is an important aspect of managing malaria, and this can include:

1. Using insecticide-treated bed nets
2. Wearing protective clothing and applying insect repellent when outdoors
3. Eliminating standing water around homes and communities to reduce the number of mosquito breeding sites
4. Using indoor residual spraying (IRS) or insecticide-treated wall lining to kill mosquitoes
5. Implementing malaria control measures in areas where malaria is common, such as distribution of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS)
6. Improving access to healthcare services, particularly in rural and remote areas
7. Providing education and awareness about malaria prevention and control
8. Encouraging the use of preventive medications, such as intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) for pregnant women and children under the age of five.

Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are critical in preventing the progression of malaria and reducing the risk of complications and death. In areas where malaria is common, it is essential to have access to reliable diagnostic tools and effective antimalarial drugs.

STDs can cause a range of symptoms, including genital itching, burning during urination, unusual discharge, and painful sex. Some STDs can also lead to long-term health problems, such as infertility, chronic pain, and an increased risk of certain types of cancer.

STDs are usually diagnosed through a physical exam, blood tests, or other diagnostic tests. Treatment for STDs varies depending on the specific infection and can include antibiotics, antiviral medication, or other therapies. It's important to practice safe sex, such as using condoms, to reduce the risk of getting an STD.

Some of the most common STDs include:

* Chlamydia: A bacterial infection that can cause genital itching, burning during urination, and unusual discharge.
* Gonorrhea: A bacterial infection that can cause similar symptoms to chlamydia.
* Syphilis: A bacterial infection that can cause a painless sore on the genitals, followed by a rash and other symptoms.
* Herpes: A viral infection that can cause genital itching, burning during urination, and painful sex.
* HPV: A viral infection that can cause genital warts and increase the risk of cervical cancer.
* HIV/AIDS: A viral infection that can cause a range of symptoms, including fever, fatigue, and weight loss, and can lead to AIDS if left untreated.

It's important to note that some STDs can be spread through non-sexual contact, such as sharing needles or mother-to-child transmission during childbirth. It's also important to know that many STDs can be asymptomatic, meaning you may not have any symptoms even if you are infected.

If you think you may have been exposed to an STD, it's important to get tested as soon as possible. Many STDs can be easily treated with antibiotics or other medications, but if left untreated, they can lead to serious complications and long-term health problems.

It's also important to practice safe sex to reduce the risk of getting an STD. This includes using condoms, as well as getting vaccinated against HPV and Hepatitis B, which are both common causes of STDs.

In addition to getting tested and practicing safe sex, it's important to be aware of your sexual health and the risks associated with sex. This includes being aware of any symptoms you may experience, as well as being aware of your partner's sexual history and any STDs they may have. By being informed and proactive about your sexual health, you can help reduce the risk of getting an STD and maintain good sexual health.

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Capgemini launches a capital increase in the context of the financing of the IGATE acquisition ... Capgemini launches a capital increase in the context of the financing of the IGATE acquisition.. ... Capgemini launches a capital increase in the context of the financing of the IGATE acquisition ...
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  • In our second annual Deal Points Report: Venture Capital Financings , Osler's Emerging and High Growth (EHG) Companies Group analyze 353 anonymized venture capital and growth equity preferred share financings completed from 2020 to 2022, representing more than US$6 billion in total transaction value. (
  • SAN FRANCISCO --(BUSINESS WIRE)--Mar. 22, 2023-- CIBC Innovation Banking announced today that it has provided $40 million in growth capital financing to to expand the San Francisco -based company's AI-powered care coordination platform and fuel its expansion, including potential acquisitions. (
  • VANCOUVER, British Columbia, May 15, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) - Juggernaut Exploration Ltd. (TSX-V: JUGR) (OTCQB: JUGRF) (FSE: 4JE) (the "Company" or "Juggernaut") further to its May 12th, 2023 news release, Juggernaut is pleased to report that it has received TSX Venture Exchange approval to close its non-brokered private placement financing (the "Financing") for aggregate gross proceeds of $3,040,000. (
  • In this newsletter, which refers to the 2nd quarter of 2022, we review the legislative and jurisprudential output, highlighting Bank of Portugal Notice 1/2022 of June 6, 2022, which updates anti-money laundering and terrorist financing measures and will come into force on August 5, 2022. (
  • The fifth edition of Deloitte's Global Capital Markets Perspective report examines the impact of global events on capital market instruments across major world economies. (
  • While economic reforms have lent some stability to the capital markets, they continue to be complex and dynamic in nature, making it essential to keep a constant watch on developments in order to gain insight into some important trends shaping these markets. (
  • D1 Capital Partners is a global investment firm that operates across public and private markets. (
  • Casa de avocatura de business Badea Clifford Chance anunta consolidarea echipei de Finance&Capital Markets prin recrutarea avocatului Costin Sandu. (
  • Departamentul Finance&Capital Markets, coordonat de Daniel Badea, managing partner al Badea Clifford Chance, are in prezent peste 20 de avocati. (
  • Programs offer customized business development and industry-focused services to provide greater access to capital, contracts and markets. (
  • The capital raise provides Zebit working capital for receivables, operations, and the expansion of its payment and ecommerce platforms. (
  • Finance different sorts of working capital, either under inventory finance, receivables finance, or others. (
  • The original hope of banking and finance capitalism in the 19th century was that banks would make productive loans to finance industry. (
  • But instead of supporting productive industry by extending credit to increase tangible capital investment, the banking system has extended credit mainly (about 80 percent in the United States and most English-speaking countries) to buy real estate and load it down with debt. (
  • Firma ocupă locul intai în topul firmelor de avocatură din România pe 2010 la secţiunea Banking & Finance în cele mai recente ediţii Legal 500 şi Chambers and Partners Global. (
  • In this line of work, physicians closely analyze start-up companies in healthcare -- in such areas as software, drugs, and medical devices -- and help determine whether the venture capital company should invest in them. (
  • In FY 2017, the Offi ce of Finance and Accounting Services (OFAS) collected about $81 million in accounts receivable* and processed $299.4 million in reimbursable agreements supporting public health programs and research worldwide, of which CDC obligated $193.5 million. (
  • Are human capital conditions in India really worse than in Bangladesh? (
  • India has introduced policy measures it anticipates will have far-reaching human-capital benefits, including a series of educational reforms and initiatives that will impact 197 million school children, and Ayushman Bharat, the world's largest health-insurance program, which will affect care for 500 million people, including children. (
  • Provides counseling, capital, and contracting expertise to small businesses and entrepreneurs. (
  • All securities issued pursuant to this financing will be subject to a four-month plus one-day hold. (
  • To get a sense of who is truly in control of Churchill Capital Corp VII ( NYSE:CVII ), it is important to understand. (
  • What Kind Of Shareholders Hold The Majority In Churchill Capital Corp VII's (NYSE:CVII) Shares? (
  • Every investor in Churchill Capital Corp VII ( NYSE:CVII ) should be aware of the most powerful shareholder groups. (
  • We are thrilled to welcome D1 Capital Partners to our strong investor syndicate, and look forward to bringing host response diagnostics to market," said Inflammatix CEO and Co-Founder Tim Sweeney, M.D., Ph.D. "By quickly providing actionable information about disease, Inflammatix expects to equip physicians to make better clinical decisions that benefit both patients and healthcare systems. (
  • Capital Market Magazine is a guide to investment, for the serious investor. (
  • Led by Nathan Homan, Managing Partner, Wiser Capital offers a proprietary, web-based online platform that enables energy investors, host facilities and photovoltaic (PV) systems integrators to participate in medium-scale commercial photovoltaic (PV) energy projects. (
  • We are confident that their sector experience, vision for driving greater outcomes across government and education, combined with Cathilea as a seasoned executive will lead to the platform's continued success," said Ivelisse Simon, Managing Partner at Avante Capital Partners. (
  • In search of this loan market, banks have come to back untaxing real estate and deregulating monopolies, so that their economic rent can be paid to the banks as interest by customers eager buy these rights - and charge even higher rents or raise prices even further without making a new capital investment of their own. (
  • High interest rates are forcing CFOs to leave no stone unturned in the search for working capital. (
  • Results of search for 'su:{Capital financing. (
  • We study the nexus between environmental, social, and governance (ESG) performance and corporate capital financing decisions. (
  • Despite efforts during the last four decades, only limited attention has been given by governments to establishing sustainable financing arrangements, effective governance mechanisms, adequate health workforce, essential technologies, and functioning health information systems to ensure equitable access to safe blood and blood products. (
  • The financing round was led by Crosslink Capital and includes Wildcat Venture Partners, Leapfrog Ventures and Correlation Ventures. (
  • Google Ventures , Scale Venture Partners , and Greenoaks Capital Partners . (
  • D1 Capital Partners led the round, with participation from the company's existing investors, including Northpond Ventures, Khosla Ventures, Think.Health, and OSF Healthcare Ventures. (
  • The compilers of the World Bank's newly launched Human Capital Index (HCI) think so. (
  • The chosen human capital outcomes in the HCI have a potential impact on a variety of long-term indicators, such as productivity and growth. (
  • While many capital market instruments showed signs of recovery, the outlook globally is expected to remain uneven, with high yielding assets poised to outperform low yielding safer assets. (
  • Easily defined, working capital is simply the difference between current assets minus current liabilities, or the cash on hand for a company to use as necessary. (
  • When a business experiences a shortfall of liquid assets, banks and financial institutions can effectively inject cash into the company's coffers by loaning it money, known as working capital. (
  • Entitatea opereaza sub numele Badea Clifford Chance şi a fost implicata în mod constant în tranzacţii complexe de împrumuturi sindicalizate, finantari, restructurări, emisiuni de eurobonduri şi de acţiuni pe pieţe internaţionale de capital, instrumente financiare derivate, achiziţii de companii de către investitori strategici sau fonduri de private equity, proiecte de infrastructură şi autostrăzi, investiţii imobiliare etc. (
  • While continuing to emphasize innovations in delivery and payment systems broadly defined, the Center brings intentional focus to low-barrier settings for treatment (i.e., wholly outside of or extensions of specialty SUD settings such as emergency departments, pharmacies, and telehealth), as well as quality improvement, inequities in the provision and financing of services, and factors that influence sustainability of innovation. (
  • By applying panel regression (fixed effects) on 6295 firm-year observations of Chinese A-listed enterprises data for 2010-2019, we conclude that firms' ESG information is crucial to their financing decisions. (
  • In particular, firms with superior ESG performance have lower debt financing. (
  • Dr. Fork said physicians consulting with venture capital firms earn $300-$500 per hour. (
  • We look forward to supporting CEO Cathilea Robinett and the Company in its next chapter of success," said Amanda Kim, Principal at Avante Capital Partners. (
  • Longterm debt will probably be the principal method of external financing through 1970, but a definite shift toward new common and preferred stocks will be made. (
  • Before making any decision or taking any action that may affect your finances or your business, you should consult a qualified professional adviser. (
  • For any successful business to thrive, it must have ready reserves of working capital, which can be utilized at a moment's notice. (
  • For those who are in limbo as to what working capital really is, here is a general overview for you and your business. (
  • Without satisfactory working capital, a business is left cash poor and limited in how it manages its day-to-day activities. (
  • BURLINGAME, Calif.--( BUSINESS WIRE )-- Inflammatix, Inc. , a pioneering molecular diagnostics company, announced today the closing of a $102 million Series D round of financing to support development and commercialization of its novel immune response diagnostics portfolio. (
  • In Module 4, the various sources of financing for your small business will be described and compared. (
  • Nationwide network of 1,000 local centers offering free face-to-face business consulting and at-cost training, on topics including business planning, accessing capital, marketing, regulatory compliance, technology development, international trade and much more. (
  • Working capital is as much an economic necessity for million-dollar manufacturers as it is for mom-and-pop retailers. (
  • Wiser Capital , a Santa Barbara, Calif.-based investment firm that enables new sources of capital to participate in the funding of sources of renewable energy projects, raised $1.25m in financing . (
  • The aim was for banks to do something new, that no economy had done in the past: make loans not merely to ship and market goods once they were produced, but to finance new capital investment by manufacturers and producers, as well as by the public sector to build infrastructure. (
  • Investment always had been self-financed out of savings. (
  • Banks rarely are set up to evaluate new capital investment. (
  • So banks back the kind of economy that makes money without new capital investment. (
  • ESG performance, capital financing decisions, and audit quality: empirical evidence from Chinese state-owned enterprises. (
  • Within the Zebit Market, customers can finance thousands of quality, brand-name products over time, without paying interest. (
  • Zebit is bringing to market a first-of-its kind, fully-automated payment processing system to underserved populations who greatly need this service," said Jim Feuille , general partner at Crosslink Capital. (
  • Issuance across many capital market instruments improved in 2013 over 2012, despite global spells of volatility. (
  • We are enthusiastic about the transformative potential of Inflammatix's host response diagnostic approach to significantly improve two major issues in healthcare today: the inefficient, and often inaccurate, diagnosis of infection and sepsis, and the over-prescription of antibiotics," said James Rogers, Analyst at D1 Capital Partners. (
  • 353 Osler financing deals valued at more than US$6 billion from Seed to Series A through F. What are the deal terms? (
  • Nuveen Green Capital was established by the C-PACE industry's founders and standard-setters, and is comprised of a team of over 100 industry experts who will support a seamless execution through all aspects of a C-PACE financed project, from start to finish. (
  • Many companies took advantage of low interest rates to raise cheaper capital and extend maturities of their existing debt. (
  • It summarizes some of the major themes from Hudson's new book, The Bubble and Beyond: Fictitious Capital, Debt Deflation and Global Crisis , which is available on Amazon. (
  • Vedder Price works with many of the world's leading debt providers in all parts of the capital structure, delivering comprehensive legal services that support a wide variety of transactions. (
  • The work is best suited for doctors with strong analytical skills, an aptitude for finances and statistics, and a willingness to take risks on largely untested start-ups. (
  • Physicians even start their own venture capital companies. (
  • Without sufficient working capital, an organization is doomed to fail - regardless of the quality of its goods and services. (
  • Working capital "¦ the lifeblood of growing companies, and a term every corporate accountant and analyst must have an intimate understanding of. (
  • Este specializat in domeniul serviciilor financiare, piete de capital, valori mobiliare si administrare de active, acumuland si experienta in aria fuziunilor si achizitiilor, precum si in cea corporate. (
  • i] The company also announced $10 million in Series A venture capital funding. (
  • Mission Capital Advisors announced that it has arranged $80 million of bridge financing for the recently completed Sister City hotel, a 200-key hospitality property located at 225 Bowery. (
  • Ben T. Smith IV, a longtime Silicon Valley executive and currently head of the Communications, Media and Technology practice at Kearney, speaks to Global Finance about the post-SVB venture capital industry and the pace of innovation. (
  • While healthy companies can utilize working capital to maintain steady cash flow as a liquidity tool, hurting companies can use working capital to stay afloat, albeit with more stringent credit terms and payback parameters. (
  • Our clients include some of the world's largest and most sophisticated lenders, including commercial finance companies, banks, trustees, credit providers, insurance companies, hedge funds, mezzanine funds and other institutional lenders. (
  • As the immense job of developing the oil resources of Alaska and other regions begins, the petroleum industry will continue to turn to external sources for working capital. (
  • Global Finance editor Andrea Fiano interviews Ásgeir Jónsson, Central Bank Governor of Iceland during Global Finance's World's Best Bank Awards at the National Press Club in Washington, DC on October 15th. (
  • In coordination with experienced Vedder Price bankruptcy and creditors' rights counsel , we represent secured lenders and equipment lessors in devising protective structures, managing and strategizing workouts, representing creditors in bankruptcies, and structuring and implementing debtor-in-possession financings. (
  • We are proud to bring zero percent financing to those working Americans underserved by traditional credit providers. (
  • Doctors can work full-time directly for the venture capital company or be hired as a freelance consultant. (
  • The Mission Capital team of Jonathan More, Steve Buchwald, Ari Hirt and Jamie Matheny arranged the first-mortgage financing from Bank Hapoalim on behalf of a partnership between Omnia and Northwind Group. (
  • Capital Research Center (CRC) was established in 1984 to promote a better understanding of charity and philanthropy. (