A trans-carotenoid pigment widely distributed in nature. The compound is used as an oral suntanning agent and as a food and drug coloring agent. Oral ingestion of the compound causes canthaxanthin retinopathy.
The general name for a group of fat-soluble pigments found in green, yellow, and leafy vegetables, and yellow fruits. They are aliphatic hydrocarbons consisting of a polyisoprene backbone.
Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.
Emission or propagation of acoustic waves (SOUND), ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY waves (such as LIGHT; RADIO WAVES; GAMMA RAYS; or X-RAYS), or a stream of subatomic particles (such as ELECTRONS; NEUTRONS; PROTONS; or ALPHA PARTICLES).
A carotenoid that is a precursor of VITAMIN A. It is administered to reduce the severity of photosensitivity reactions in patients with erythropoietic protoporphyria (PORPHYRIA, ERYTHROPOIETIC). (From Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Engewood, CO, 1995.)
Oxygenated forms of carotenoids. They are usually derived from alpha and beta carotene.
A genus of gram-positive BACTERIA in the family Gordoniaceae, isolated from soil and from sputa of patients with chest disorders. It is also used for biotransformation of natural products.
An order of gram-positive, primarily aerobic BACTERIA that tend to form branching filaments.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Any normal or abnormal coloring matter in PLANTS; ANIMALS or micro-organisms.
Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.
A method of separation of two or more substances by repeated distribution between two immiscible liquid phases that move past each other in opposite directions. It is a form of liquid-liquid chromatography. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.
Antioxidant for foods, fats, oils, ethers, emulsions, waxes, and transformer oils.
A di-tert-butyl PHENOL with antioxidant properties.
Mixture of 2- and 3-tert-butyl-4-methoxyphenols that is used as an antioxidant in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.
Antioxidant; also a post-harvest dip to prevent scald on apples and pears.
A sulfonic acid-based naphthylazo dye used as a coloring agent for foodstuffs and medicines and as a dye and chemical indicator. It was banned by the FDA in 1976 for use in foods, drugs, and cosmetics. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.
Concept referring to the standardized fees for services rendered by health care providers, e.g., laboratories and physicians, and reimbursement for those services under Medicare Part B. It includes acceptance by the physician.
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
Peroxidase catalyzed oxidation of lipids using hydrogen peroxide as an electron acceptor.
Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)
An autosomal dominant porphyria that is due to a deficiency of COPROPORPHYRINOGEN OXIDASE in the LIVER, the sixth enzyme in the 8-enzyme biosynthetic pathway of HEME. Clinical features include both neurological symptoms and cutaneous lesions. Patients excrete increased levels of porphyrin precursors, 5-AMINOLEVULINATE and COPROPORPHYRINS.
Porphyrins with four methyl and four propionic acid side chains attached to the pyrrole rings. Elevated levels of Coproporphyrin III in the urine and feces are major findings in patients with HEREDITARY COPROPORPHYRIA.
An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of coproporphyrinogen III to protoporphyrinogen IX by the conversion of two propionate groups to two vinyl groups. It is the sixth enzyme in the 8-enzyme biosynthetic pathway of HEME, and is encoded by CPO gene. Mutations of CPO gene result in HEREDITARY COPROPORPHYRIA.
A group of metabolic diseases due to deficiency of one of a number of LIVER enzymes in the biosynthetic pathway of HEME. They are characterized by the accumulation and increased excretion of PORPHYRINS or its precursors. Clinical features include neurological symptoms (PORPHYRIA, ACUTE INTERMITTENT), cutaneous lesions due to photosensitivity (PORPHYRIA CUTANEA TARDA), or both (HEREDITARY COPROPORPHYRIA). Hepatic porphyrias can be hereditary or acquired as a result of toxicity to the hepatic tissues.
A diverse group of metabolic diseases characterized by errors in the biosynthetic pathway of HEME in the LIVER, the BONE MARROW, or both. They are classified by the deficiency of specific enzymes, the tissue site of enzyme defect, or the clinical features that include neurological (acute) or cutaneous (skin lesions). Porphyrias can be hereditary or acquired as a result of toxicity to the hepatic or erythropoietic marrow tissues.
A group of compounds containing the porphin structure, four pyrrole rings connected by methine bridges in a cyclic configuration to which a variety of side chains are attached. The nature of the side chain is indicated by a prefix, as uroporphyrin, hematoporphyrin, etc. The porphyrins, in combination with iron, form the heme component in biologically significant compounds such as hemoglobin and myoglobin.
Colorless reduced precursors of porphyrins in which the pyrrole rings are linked by methylene (-CH2-) bridges.
Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.
Administrative units of government responsible for policy making and management of governmental activities.
Substances added to pharmaceutical preparations to protect them from chemical change or microbial action. They include ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS and antioxidants.
SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS that induce a dispersion of undissolved material throughout a liquid.
The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Substances capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other deterioration of foods.
Substances that sweeten food, beverages, medications, etc., such as sugar, saccharine or other low-calorie synthetic products. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)

A survey of serum and dietary carotenoids in captive wild animals. (1/44)

Accumulation of carotenoids varies greatly among animal species and is not fully characterized. Circulating carotenoid concentration data in captive wild animals are limited and may be useful for their management. Serum carotenoid concentrations and dietary intakes were surveyed and the extent of accumulation categorized for 76 species of captive wild animals at Brookfield Zoo. Blood samples were obtained opportunistically from 275 individual animals immobilized for a variety of reasons; serum was analyzed for alpha- and beta-carotene, lutein + zeaxanthin, lycopene, beta-cryptoxanthin and canthaxanthin. Total carotenoid content of diets was calculated from tables and chemical analyses of commonly consumed dietary components. Diets were categorized as low, moderate or high in carotenoid content as were total serum carotenoid concentrations. Animals were classified as unknown, high, moderate or low (non-) accumulators of dietary cartenoids. Nonaccumulators had total serum carotenoid concentrations of 0-101 nmol/L, whereas accumulators had concentrations that ranged widely, from 225 to 35,351 nmol/L. Primates were uniquely distinguished by the widest range of type and concentration of carotenoids in their sera. Most were classified as high to moderate accumulators. Felids had high accumulation of beta-carotene regardless of dietary intake, whereas a wide range of exotic birds accumulated only the xanthophylls, lutein + zeaxanthin, canthaxanthin or cryptoxanthin. The exotic ungulates, with the exception of the bovids, had negligible or nondetectable carotenoid serum concentrations despite moderate intakes. Bovids accumulated only beta-carotene despite moderately high lutein + zeaxanthin intakes. Wild captive species demonstrated a wide variety of carotenoid accumulation patterns, which could be exploited to answer remaining questions concerning carotenoid metabolism and function.  (+info)

Identification and distribution of dietary precursors of the Drosophila visual pigment chromophore: analysis of carotenoids in wild type and ninaD mutants by HPLC. (2/44)

A dietary source of retinoid or carotenoid has been shown to be necessary for the biosynthesis of functional visual pigment in flies. In the present study, the larvae or adults of Drosophila melanogaster were administered specific carotenoid-containing diets and high performance liquid chromatography was used to identify and quantify the carotenoids in extracts of wild type and ninaD visual mutant flies. When beta-carotene was fed to larvae, wild type flies were shown to hydroxylate this molecule and to accumulate zeaxanthin and a small amount of beta-cryptoxanthin. Zeaxanthin content was found to increase throughout development and was a major carotenoid peak detected in the adult fly. Carotenoids were twice as effective at mediating zeaxanthin accumulation when provided to larvae versus adults. In the ninaD mutant, zeaxanthin content was shown to be specifically and significantly altered compared to wild type, and was ineffective at mediating visual pigment synthesis when provided to both larval and adult mutant flies. It is proposed that zeaxanthin is the larval storage form for subsequent visual pigment chromophore biosynthesis during pupation, that zeaxanthin or beta-crytoxanthin is the immediate precursor for light-independent chromophore synthesis in the adult, and that the ninaD mutant is defective in this pathway.  (+info)

Carotenoid hydroxylase from Haematococcus pluvialis: cDNA sequence, regulation and functional complementation. (3/44)

A cDNA homologous to beta-carotene hydroxylase from Arabidopsis thaliana was isolated from the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. The predicted amino acid sequence for this enzyme shows homology to the three known plant beta-carotene hydroxylases from Arabidopsis thaliana and from Capsicum annuum (38% identity) and to prokaryote carotenoid hydroxylases (32-34% identities). Heterologous complementation using E. coli strains which were genetically engineered to produce carotenoids indicated that the H. pluvialis beta-carotene hydroxylase was able to catalyse not only the conversion of beta-carotene to zeaxanthin but also the conversion of canthaxanthin to astaxanthin. Furthermore, Northern blot analysis revealed increased beta-carotene hydroxylase mRNA steady state levels after induction of astaxanthin biosynthesis. In accordance with the latter results, it is proposed that the carotenoid hydroxylase characterized in the present publication is involved in the biosynthesis of astaxanthin during cyst cell formation of H. pluvialis.  (+info)

Exogenously incorporated ketocarotenoids in large unilamellar vesicles. Protective activity against peroxidation. (4/44)

The ability of astaxanthin and canthaxanthin as chain-breaking antioxidants was studied in Cu(2+)-initiated peroxidation of phosphatidylcholine large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs). Both carotenoids increased the lag period that precedes the maximum rate of lipid peroxidation, though astaxanthin showed stronger activity. For these experiments, different amounts of xanthophylls were exogenously added to previously made LUVs, non-incorporated pigment being afterwards removed. Differential scanning calorimetry assays with L-beta,gamma-dimyristoyl-alpha-phosphatidylcholine LUVs demonstrated that xanthophylls incorporated as described interact with the lipid matrix becoming interspersed among the phospholipid molecules.  (+info)

Dose dependency of canthaxanthin crystals in monkey retina and spatial distribution of its metabolites. (5/44)

PURPOSE: To establish the threshold level of canthaxanthin crystals in the retina of cynomolgus monkeys. To correlate the spatial distribution of all-trans canthaxanthin and its metabolites with the grade of crystals. METHODS: Monkeys were orally administered 0, 0.2, 0.6, 1.8, 5.4, 16.2, and 48.6 mg/kg body wt canthaxanthin daily for 2.5 to 3 years. A second group of monkeys were administered 200 and 500 mg/kg body wt/d for 5 years. Ophthalmoscopy, electroretinography (ERG), retina and carotenoid analysis were performed as previously reported. RESULTS: Crystals in the retina periphery were observed by ophthalmoscopy preterminally only in the extreme high doses of 200 to 500 mg/kg body wt/d. There were no adverse effects on visual functions as measured by ERG. Crystals in the peripheral retina, and/or in the macula, were detected microscopically in all canthaxanthin treated groups except at the lowest dose of 0.2 mg/kg body wt/d. The grade of crystals increased up to a dose of 16.2 mg/kg body wt/d. Dose-dependent increases in canthaxanthin content also were noted in the retina, the liver, and in plasma. All-trans canthaxanthin was the major compound in the peripheral and paracentral retina of very highly dosed animals, where its concentration correlated largely with the grade of inclusions. In the macula, 4'-OH-echinenone was the dominant canthaxanthin metabolite. CONCLUSIONS: The grade of crystals in monkey retinas was dose dependent with a threshold level at 0.6 mg canthaxanthin/kg body wt/d. It correlated in the retinal periphery with the concentrations of all-trans-canthaxanthin and in the macula with its metabolites.  (+info)

Canthaxanthin supplementation alters antioxidant enzymes and iron concentration in liver of Balb/c mice. (6/44)

The 4,4'-diketo-beta-carotene, canthaxanthin, alters tocopherol status when fed to Balb/c mice, suggesting an involvement of carotenoids in the modulation of oxidative stress in vivo. We investigated further the modifications induced by an oral administration of canthaxanthin on lipid peroxidation, antioxidant enzymes and iron status in liver of Balb/c mice. Female 6-wk-old Balb/c mice were randomly divided into two groups (n = 10/group). The control group (C) received olive oil alone (vehicle) and the canthaxanthin-treated group (Cx) received canthaxanthin at a dose of 14 microg/(g body wt.d). The 15-d canthaxanthin treatment resulted in carotenoid incorporation but did not modify lipid peroxidation as measured by endogenous production of malondialdehyde (MDA). However, glutathione peroxidase activity was 35% lower (P<0.01) and catalase (59%, P<0.005) and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) (28%, P<0.05) activities were higher in canthaxanthin-treated mice than in controls. Moreover, carotenoid feeding caused a significant (P<0.05) overexpression of the MnSOD gene; mRNA levels of the enzyme were greater in treated mice than in controls. Concomitantly, a 27% (P<0.05) greater iron concentration was found in liver from canthaxanthin-treated mice compared with controls. These findings support the hypothesis that canthaxanthin alters the protective ability of tissues against oxidative stress in vivo.  (+info)

Isolation and characterization of canthaxanthin biosynthesis genes from the photosynthetic bacterium Bradyrhizobium sp. strain ORS278. (7/44)

A carotenoid biosynthesis gene cluster involved in canthaxanthin production was isolated from the photosynthetic Bradyrhizobium sp. strain ORS278. This cluster includes five genes identified as crtE, crtY, crtI, crtB, and crtW that are organized in at least two operons. The functional assignment of each open reading frame was confirmed by complementation studies.  (+info)

In vitro inhibition of proliferation of estrogen-dependent and estrogen-independent human breast cancer cells treated with carotenoids or retinoids. (8/44)

Both estrogen-receptor (ER) positive MCF-7 and ER-negative Hs578T and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells were treated with carotenoids (beta-carotene, canthaxanthin and lycopene) and retinoids (all-trans-, 9-cis- and 13-cis-retinoic acid and all-trans-retinol). Among carotenoids, beta-carotene significantly reduced the growth of MCF-7 and Hs578T cells, and lycopene inhibited the growth of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. Canthaxanthin did not affect the proliferation of any of the three cell lines. All-trans- and 9-cis-retinoic acid significantly reduced the growth of both MCF-7 and Hs578T cells, whereas 13-cis-retinoic acid and all-trans-retinol had a significant effect only on MCF-7 cells. MCF-7 and Hs578T cells treated with all-trans-retinoic acid (all-t-RA) were further studied for the mechanism behind growth inhibition. Retinoic acid receptors alpha and gamma (RARalpha, gamma) in MCF-7 cells and RARalpha, beta and gamma in Hs578T cells were not induced by all-t-RA treatment at either the protein or mRNA level. Hs578T cells treated with all-t-RA had significantly more cells in the G0/G1 stage of the cell cycle, but the same was not observed for MCF-7 cells. All-t-RA induced a dose-dependent cell death in MCF-7 cells, which may be a necrotic phenomenon. These results demonstrate that ER status is an important, although not essential factor for breast cancer cell response to carotenoid and retinoid treatments, and the mode of action of all-t-RA in MCF-7 and Hs578T cells is not through the induction of RAR. Other mechanistic pathways that are either followed by or concomitant with growth inhibition are possible.  (+info)

Canthaxanthin is a carotenoid that lacks pro-vitamin A activity but is known to have antioxidant activity. The products of its oxidation in oxygen were found to be mainly substituted apo-carotenals and apo-carotenones. The product profile resembles that obtained in the oxidation of β-carotene, except that with canthaxanthin these products are the 4-oxo-β-apo-carotenals and 4-oxo-β-apo-carotenones. Epoxides and diepoxides were clearly identified from β-carotene oxidation but in contrast, with canthaxanthin, apart from 5,6-epoxy-canthaxanthin, which was detected at the early stage of oxidation and minor quantities of 5,6-epoxy-β-ionone and 5,6-epoxy-4-oxo-β-apo-11-carotenal, no other epoxides were detected. The identities of these products lead us to suggest that the mechanism of canthaxanthin oxidation bears significant similarity to that of β-carotene ...
Canthaxanthin Market size may generate significant growth up to 2024 owing to increasing application scope in food and cosmetics industries. Rising consumer inclination towards various food products such as baby ingredients, breakfast cereal, dairy, fruit & vegetable, meat, snacks, bakery and confectionery industries should drive canthaxanthin market size growth. Asia Pacific food & beverages industry, with growth in India and China, may generate over USD 60 billion business by 2024. It is used as color additives in foods.. Carotenoids are gaining growth due to its benefits regarding easy availability and health benefits offered with zeaxanthin, lycopene, beta carotene, lutein and canthaxanthin. The global carotenoids market generated at over USD 1.15 billion business in 2015 and may register over USD 1.65 billion by 2024, with gains at above 3.5%. Increasing consumer health awareness coupled with growing end-use application may drive product demand.. Request for an in-depth table of contents ...
Microorganisms have a wide variety of characteristics that have always come to our aid. Some of them even have the ability to produce colorful, non...
Astaxanthin is most effective against Lipoperoxidation in membrane models. Astaxanthin is 20 to 40 times more effective as an antioxidant than beta-carotene, up to 500 times more effective in inhibiting lipid peroxidation than Vitamin C, up to 1000 times more effective in inhibiting lipid peroxidation than Vitamin E, has greater anti-inflammatory capability than Vitamin E, has almost 4 times the antioxidant capacity of lutein, provides superior protection against UVA and UVB light-induced oxidative stress, is more stable in scavenging and quenching than beta-carotene, canthaxanthin and zeaxanthin, is highly potent in enhancing T1 and T2 helper cells and IgM and IgG (secondary immunity) production, is more effective than lycopene and lutein in enhancing liver microsome detoxification activity (enzymes that metabolize drugs), enhances the actions of Vitamins C and E in the body, and enhances the release of retinol (Vitamin A) from the liver when needed.. Those benefits described so far warrant ...
Hands turning orange - The palm of my hands are turning Orange and I recently just went to Dr and tested positive for a UTI? Carotenaemia. Orange palms condition is called carotenaemia. This is a harmless phenomenon that is seen in patients who are food faddists or who are taking dietary supplements that contain β-carotene or other carotenoids such as canthaxanthin. Carotenoids are found in the normal diet but mainly in pumpkins, carrots. It is also helpful to review the medication that was prescribed for your UTI.
Salmon are (relatively) unique in that they store certain carotenoids in their flesh which is what provides that flesh with its distinct pinkish color. Wild salmon ingest these carotenoids as part of their regular diet, but farmed salmon which grow in a controlled environment where those carotenoids are not naturally available must have astaxanthin or canthaxanthin added to their feed so that they will develop the proper color. Although these items are added to the feed and not to the fishs flesh, the American law requires that salmon fed these items be labeled as having color added. Such feed does not pose a kashrus issue because the materials are inherently kosher and because they are digested by the fish.. ...
Cheez Whiz™ are both the result of related carotenoid dyes. Carotenoids (named for the vegetable in which they were first found!) are based on a linear conjugated diene skeleton, and provide nature with many colorful accents. Canthaxanthin, for example, is fed to captive flamingos to produce their characteristic pink color (a similar pigment found in brine shrimp does the same favor for wild flamingos). Astaxanthin is responsible for the characterstic color of lobsters. Canaries, whose signature color is a greenish yellow, can be turned red if they are fed paprika during their molt. The new feathers will grow in orange-red ...
According to the University of Arizona, in the analysis of cervical tissue (cancerous, precancerous, and noncancerous) samples obtained from 87 patients (age, 21-86 years), showed that maintaining an adequate serum concentration of beta-carotene may be necessary for the prevention of cervical cancer and precancer(14). Crocetin is a natural carotenoid dicarboxylic acid, inhibited the cell proliferation of Hela cells through cell cycle arrest via p53-dependent and -independent mechanisms(15). The Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center study, showed a lower correction of mean plasma levels of carotenoids (beta-carotene, lycopene, and canthaxanthin), as well as alpha-tocopherol, in women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)and cervical cancer and suggested that antioxidant deficiency may be associated to the pathogenesis of CIN and carcinoma of the cervix(16). Dr. Harris RW, and the researcher team in the study of Cancer of the cervix uteri and vitamin A indicated ...
Canthaxanthin is well recognized to fulfill a number of important biological functions in wild and domestic birds during embryo development. Now officially recognized as a zootechnical additive, CAROPHYLL Red 10% delivers clear benefits to customers in enhancing the reproductive performance of their breeding hens, particularly in conjunction with vitamin D3. This is particularly significant, as our MaxiChick solution has been demonstrated in scientific studies and field tests to produce three more chicks per housed hen and deliver an ROI of 4 to 1. ...
Carotenoid utilization in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) has been investigated with respect to tissue distribution of carotenoids and the role of the liver on the bioavailability of the lipid soluble carotenoids, astaxanthin and canthaxanthin. Species-specific and tissue-specific accumulations were noted for astaxanthin and canthaxanthin in the rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon, possibly indicating fundamental differences in their utilization in these species. The liver and the kidney were revealed to be the major tissues involved in carotenoid metabolism in both rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon. Apparent digestibilities (-96% and -30% for rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon, respectively) and flesh carotenoid retentions (-12% and -5.4% for rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon, respectively) differed significantly between species, suggesting that rainbow trout are more efficient depositors of carotenoids within the flesh. Isolated rainbow trout liver ...
Unlike fish oils, krill oil carries its omega-3s, EPA, and DHA, in the form of phospholipids - liposomes or little packages that deliver the fatty acids directly to your bodys cells. Antarctic Pure Krill Oil also contains powerful antioxidants including astaxanthin, canthaxanthin and vitamins A and E.
While there is ample evidence to indicate the health benefits of diets rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts, no specific food has been acknowledged by scientists and government regulatory authorities as providing a health benefit. Current medical research is focused on whether health effects could be due to specific essential nutrients or phytochemicals. The following is a list of phytochemicals present in commonly consumed foods. orange pigments α-Carotene - to vitamin A carrots, pumpkins, maize, tangerine, orange. β-Carotene - to vitamin A dark, leafy greens, red, orange and yellow fruits and vegetables. γ-Carotene - to vitamin A, δ-Carotene ε-carotene Lycopene Vietnam Gac, tomatoes, grapefruit, watermelon, guava, apricots, carrots, autumn olive. Neurosporene Phytofluene star fruit, sweet potato, orange. Phytoene sweet potato, orange. yellow pigments Canthaxanthin paprika. Cryptoxanthin to vitamin A mango, tangerine, orange, papaya, peaches, avocado, pea, grapefruit, ...
Source Naturals Ubiquinol CoQH is a newly available form of the powerful antioxidant CoQ10. This superior form offers you the same broad-ranging benefits, but with heightened absorption which yields higher concentrations of CoQ10 in the blood. Ubiquinol has been shown to provide powerful antioxidant defense and also supports the bodys cardiovascular and energy systems by aiding in the synthesis of mitochondrial ATP. The comprehensive benefits of ubiquinol also aid the liver, brain, and immune systems. Supplement Facts: Serving Size: 1 softgel Amount Per Serving - % Daily Value Calories 10 Calories from Fat 10 Total Fat 1 g less than 2% Saturated Fat less than 1 g less than 2% Trans Fat less than 1 g Ubiquinol (Kaneka QH) 100 mg Other Ingredients: rice bran oil, gelatin, beeswax, glycerin, purified water, rosemary extract, lecithin, d-alpha tocopherol, zinc oxide, turmeric, and canthaxanthin. Warning: If you are pregnant, may become pregnant, breastfeeding, or are
NEKTON-R contains all essential vitamins, amino acids, minerals, the colorant Canthaxanthin and trace elements in balanced proportions. NEKTON-R prevents feather colors from fading and positively influences the natural shine and brightness of the whole plumage. Due to the vitamin complex contained within, the bird is supported through the entire molting/rearing process and additionally supplied with […]. ...
201735DNABrevundimonas sp.CDS(1)..(732) 1atg acc gcc gcc gtc gcc gag ccc cgc atc gtc ccg cgc cag acc tgg 48Met Thr Ala Ala Val Ala Glu Pro Arg Ile Val Pro Arg Gln Thr Trp1 5 10 15atc ggt ctg acc ctg gcg gga atg atc gtg gcg gga tgg ggg agc ctg 96Ile Gly Leu Thr Leu Ala Gly Met Ile Val Ala Gly Trp Gly Ser Leu 20 25 30cac gtc tac ggc gtc tat ttt cac cgc tgg ggc acc tcc agt ctg gtg 144His Val Tyr Gly Val Tyr Phe His Arg Trp Gly Thr Ser Ser Leu Val 35 40 45atc gtc ccg gcg atc gta gcg gtc cag acc tgg ttg tcg gtc ggc ctt 192Ile Val Pro Ala Ile Val Ala Val Gln Thr Trp Leu Ser Val Gly Leu 50 55 60ttc atc gtc gcc cat gac gcc atg cac ggc tcc ctg gcg ccg gga cgg 240Phe Ile Val Ala His Asp Ala Met His Gly Ser Leu Ala Pro Gly Arg65 70 75 80ccg cgg ctg aac gcc gca gtc ggc cgg ctg acc ctg ggg ctc tat gcg 288Pro Arg Leu Asn Ala Ala Val Gly Arg Leu Thr Leu Gly Leu Tyr Ala 85 90 95ggc ttc cgc ttc gat cgg ctg aag acg gcg cac cac gcc cac cac gcc 336Gly Phe Arg Phe Asp Arg Leu Lys Thr Ala His His Ala His His Ala 100 ...
Buy Doctors Best Best Astaxanthin 6, 6mg, 90 Softgels at Megaviatmins online supplements store Australia.Best Astaxanthin 6 Promotes Circulatory & Immune.Best Astaxanthin 6 Supports Healthy Blood.
United Kingdoms best source to buy Protocol for Life Balance Astaxanthin - 10 mg - 60 Softgels at the lowest price. Read Astaxanthin reviews, side effects, coupons and more from eVitamins. Fast, reliable shipping to United Kingdom
Get FREE Shipping when you buy Pure Encapsulations Astaxanthin - 4 mg - 120 Softgels at the lowest price from eVitamins. Find Astaxanthin reviews, side effects, coupons and more from eVitamins.
(BURLINGTON, N. J.) - FEB. 23, 2017 - Today AstaReal USA announced its newly earned distinction as the Preferred Supplier of the National Animal Suppl...
Astaxanthin is an antioxidant that is able to work both inside and outside of cells to offer all-round protection against oxidative damage in the body.
Since so many patients & readers have asked about astaxanthin, I decided to bring you up to speed on what it is as well as its spectacular health benefits.
Product Page for MD Formula JointAstin (Hawaiian Astaxanthin) 120 VCaps made by nutrex-hawaii offering price, ingredients and full item description from betterlife
We report on a novel arctic strain BM1 of a carotenogenic chlorophyte from a coastal habitat with harsh environmental conditions (wide variations in solar irradiance, temperature, salinity and nutrient availability) identified as Haematococcus pluvialis Flotow. Increased (25‰) salinity exerted no adverse effect on the growth of the green BM1 cells. Under stressful conditions (high light, nitrogen and phosphorus deprivation), green vegetative cells of H. pluvialis BM1 grown in BG11 medium formed non-motile palmelloid cells and, eventually, hematocysts capable of a massive accumulation of the keto-carotenoid astaxanthin with a high nutraceutical and therapeutic potential. Routinely, astaxanthin was accumulated at the level of 4% of the cell dry weight (DW), reaching, under prolonged stress, 5.5% DW. Astaxanthin was predominantly accumulated in the form of mono- and diesters of fatty acids from C16 and C18 families. The palmelloids and hematocysts were characterized by the formation of red-colored
China Haematoccus Pluvialis Astaxanthin Softgel Capsule, Find details about China Haematoccus Pluvialis Astaxanthin, Astaxanthin Tablet from Haematoccus Pluvialis Astaxanthin Softgel Capsule - Shandong Ruizhi Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
What Is It?. Derived from Haematococcus pluvialis microalgae cultivated under pristine conditions, esterfied astaxanthin is a stable, powerful, fat-soluble antioxidant from the carotnoid family. Haematococcus algae produces astaxanthin to protect itself against ultraviolet induced free radical damage.*. Features Include: Enhanced Antioxidant Capacity: Astaxanthin is different from beta-carotene in that it has two additional oxygenated groups on each of its ring structures, enhancing its ability to scavenge free radicals. It is believed to be several hundred times more effective than vitamin E in neutralizing singlet oxygen molecules and has been shown to exert greater antioxidant activity than both zeaxanthin and lutein.*. Bioavailability And Stability: astaxanthin is formulated in a base of safflower oil to enhance bioavailability. Clinically Studied: Astaxanthin has been and will continue to be clinically studied. Uses For Astaxanthin. Antioxidant Support: Astaxanthin protects the phospholipid ...
Derived from Haematococcus pluvialis microalgae cultivated under pristine conditions, esterfied astaxanthin is a stable, powerful, fat-soluble antioxidant from the carotenoid family. Haematococcus algae produces astaxanthin to protect itself against ultraviolet-induced free radical damage. Astaxanthin is different from beta-carotene in that it has two additional oxygenated groups on Each of its ring structures, enhancing its ability to scavenge free radicals. It is believed to be several hundred times more effective than vitamin E in neutralizing singlet oxygen molecules and has been shown to exert greater antioxidant activity than both zeaxanthin and lutein. Astaxanthin protects the phospholipid membranes of cells from oxidative damage. In a recent U.S. study, it demonstrated the ability to cross the blood brain barrier and protect the retina in animals, suggesting its potential for supporting the brain and nervous system from free radical damage. Initial trials with astaxanthin suggest that it ...
Pure Encapsulations Astaxanthin 60 Softgels Powerful antioxidant for the skin, macula, joints, immune system and cardiovascular function *Derived from Haematococcus pluvialis microalgae cultivated under pristine conditions, esterfied astaxanthin is a stable, powerful, fat-soluble antioxidant from the carotenoid family. Haematococcus algae produces astaxanthin to protect itself against ultraviolet-induced free radical damage. Astaxanthin is different from beta- carotene in that it has two additional oxygenated groups on each of its ring structures, enhancing its ability to scavenge free radicals. It is believed to be several hundred times more effective than vitamin E in neutralizing singlet oxygen molecules and has been shown to exert greater antioxidant activity than both zeaxanthin and lutein. Astaxanthin protects the phospholipid membranes of cells from oxidative damage. In a recent U.S. study, it demonstrated the ability to cross the blood brain barrier and protect the retina in animals,
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology ; Volume 139. p. 99-110. 2004. Coral-Hinostroza, G.; Ytrestøyl, Trine; Ruyter, Bente; Bjerkeng, Bjørn. Appearance, pharmacokinetics and distribution of astaxanthin all-E-, 9Z- and 13Z-geomettical and (3R,3R)-, (3R,3S)- and (3S,3S)-optical isomers in plasma fractions were studied in three middle-aged male volunteers (41-50 years) after ingestion of a single meal containing first a 10 mg dose equivalent of astaxanthin from astaxanthin diesters, followed by a dose of 100 mg astaxanthin equivalents after 4 weeks. Direct resolution of geometrical isomers and optical isomers of astaxanthin dicamphanates by HPLC after saponification showed that the astaxanthin consisted of 95.2% all-E-, 1.2% 9Z- and 3.6% 13Z-astaxanthin, of (3R,3R)-, (3R,3S; meso)- and (3S,3S)-astaxanthin in a 31:49:20 ratio. The plasma astaxanthin concentration-time curves were measured during 76 h. Astaxanthin esters were not detected in plasma. Maximum ...
Astaxanthin is a powerful antioxidant. This formula provides 4 mg of natural Astaxanthin derived from Haematococcus pluvialis algae. Fast delivery in Europe.
NOW Foods Astaxanthin Veg Softgels - NOW Foods Astaxanthin Veg Softgels is a naturally occurring carotenoid with a unique structure that
Deva Vegan Astaxanthin - 12mg from Shop Vegan - One-stop vegan store for cruelty-free products including Deva Vegan Astaxanthin - 12mg
After almost a decade of sourcing Algatechs astaxanthin as the main active for its Astalift skin care products, Fujifilm has now signed a supply and long-term agreement to distribute the companys astaxanthin raw materials in Japan.
Summary of Facts and Submissions. I. European patent No. 1 713 448 B1 based on application No. 04 770 702.1 was granted on the basis of a set of 47 claims.. II. An opposition was filed under Article 100 (a), (b) and (c) EPC on the grounds that its subject-matter lacked novelty and inventive step, the patent was not sufficiently disclosed, and its subject-matter extended beyond the content of the earlier application as filed.. III. The documents cited during the opposition and appeal proceeding included the following:. (1): Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Produktformen-Vitamine und Carotinoide, März 2000. (2): WO 00/27362 A1. (3): WO 2004/080199 A2. (4): EP 0 229 652 A2. (5): NON-PAREIL SEEDS, JRS Pharma LP, März 2003. (7): Brochure ROVIMIX® E-50 Adsorbate and SD, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, published in 1990. (8): Brochure The new ROVIMIX® E-50 Adsorbate makes vitamin E nutrition easier, Roche, Basel, published Sept. 1995. (9): Römpp, Lexikon der Chemie, Adsorptio, 10. Auflage, Stuttgart, 1996, ...
Haematococcus pluvialis is the best source of natural astaxanthin, known as the king of antioxidants. H. pluvialis have four cell forms: spore, motile cell, non-motile cell and akinete. Spores and motile cells are susceptible to photoinhibition and would die under photoinduction conditions. Photoinduction using non-motile cells as seeds could result in a higher astaxanthin production than that using akinetes. However, the mechanism of this phenomenon has not been clarified. Transcriptome was sequenced and annotated to illustrate the mechanism of this phenomenon. All differentially expressed genes involved in astaxanthin biosynthesis were up-regulated. Particularly, chyb gene was up-regulated by 16-fold, improving the conversion of β-carotene into astaxanthin. Pyruvate was the precursor of carotenoids biosynthesis. Pyruvate kinase gene expression level was increased by 2.0-fold at the early stage of akinetes formation. More changes of gene transcription occurred at the early stage of akinetes formation,
China Haematoccus Pluvialis Astaxanthin Powder, Find details about China Astaxanthin, Astaxanthin Powder from Haematoccus Pluvialis Astaxanthin Powder - Xi′an Natural Field Bio-Technique Co., Ltd.
Healthy Origins Astaxanthin Triple Strength Description: Natural Non-GMO Healthy Origins Natural Bioastin Astaxanthin is a carotenoid produced from Haematococcus Pluvialis microalgae. One Natural Triple Strength Astaxanthin softgel capsule features a total 12 mg of Astaxanthin, three times the strength of Healthy Origi
The astaxanthin capsules contain AlgaeHealths AstaZine natural astaxanthin derived from organic Haematococcus pluvialis microalgae.
China Astaxanthin Powder CAS: 472-61-7, Find details about China Astaxanthin, Astaxanthin Powder from Astaxanthin Powder CAS: 472-61-7 - Xi′an Natural Field Bio-Technique Co., Ltd.
Low prices on Astaxanthin! Astaxanthin supports eyes, skin, joints, heart and exercise recovery*. Astaxanthin is a natural pink carotenoid best known for giving salmon and shrimp their pink-red color. It is grown from microalgae, the same kind that fish eat in the ocean. Clinical studies show astaxanthin may support eye and joint health, skin health during exposure to sunlight and may promote recovery after exercise.*
Low prices on Astaxanthin! Astaxanthin supports eyes, skin, joints, heart and exercise recovery*. Astaxanthin is a natural pink carotenoid best known for giving salmon and shrimp their pink-red color. It is grown from microalgae, the same kind that fish eat in the ocean. Clinical studies show astaxanthin may support eye and joint health, skin health during exposure to sunlight and may promote recovery after exercise.*
ASTAXANTHIN ADALAH PDF - Astaxanthin is a naturally occurring carotenoid pigment with excellent The antioxidant of astaxanthin is stronger than β-carotene and vitamin. marine
Nature Made Astaxanthin 4 mg Dietary Supplement Liquid Softgels at Walgreens. Get free shipping at $35 and view promotions and reviews for Nature Made Astaxanthin 4 mg Dietary Supplement Liquid Softgels
NatuRose algae meal is a safe natural source of astaxanthin derived from a unique strain of the microalgae. NatuRose will yield excellent stability and provide a superior source of natural astaxanthin for koi as well as fresh water and marine ornamentals.
The ongoing demand for astaxanthin has led category formulation leader Valensa to conclude a supply arrangement with algae producer Contract Biotics. But capitalizing on that demand curve will mean using astaxanthin as a component in multi-ingredient formulas, said Valensas CEO Rudi Moerck.
Astaxanthin is described as the most powerful antioxidant in nature. Antioxidants neutralise free radicals in the body to protect cells from damage they may cause.
Astaxanthin Supplement is the powerful antioxidant protects against ultra-violet light radiation, supports healthy arteries, heart and immune system. Enjoy our low price guarantee, plus an extra 16% off Set.
Astaxanthin is a remarkable nutrient with benefits for whole body health. It has been scientifically shown to promote visual acuity and to help lubricate the eyes, an important concern for those who spend time looking at electronic screens.1Immun...
Shop for Now Astaxanthin deals in Canada. FREE DELIVERY possible on eligible purchases ✓ Lowest Price Guaranteed at $16.15! Compare & Buy online with confidence on Shopbot.ca
Inflammation is central to nearly all diseases and health concerns. Managing it with something like astaxanthin can do wonders for long term health.
Reducing both Mental and Physical Fatigue : [편집자 주] 본고는 자료 제공사에서 제공한 것으로, 연합뉴스는 내용에 대해 어떠한 편집도 하지 않았음을 밝혀 드립니다.
Follow our blog to receive regular updates and important information about your health and well-being from Xtend-Life Natural Products, New Zealand.
... is not found in wild Atlantic Salmon, but is a minor carotenoid in Pacific Salmon.[4] Canthaxanthin is used in ... Canthaxanthin is a potent lipid-soluble antioxidant.[12][13] The biological functions of canthaxanthin are related, at least in ... Canthaxanthin /ˌkænθəˈzænθɪn/ (. listen) is a keto-carotenoid[3] pigment widely distributed in nature. Carotenoids belong to a ... a b c d e f Opinion on the use of canthaxanthin in feedingstuffs for salmon ... ...
yellow pigments Canthaxanthin paprika. Cryptoxanthin to vitamin A mango, tangerine, orange, papaya, peaches, avocado, pea, ...
The chemical formula of canthaxanthin is C40H54O2. It is found non-covalently bound in the orange carotenoid protein (OCP), ...
Canthaxanthin has been used in over-the-counter "tanning pills" in the United States and Europe, but is not currently Food and ... Canthaxanthin and astaxanthin are naturally occurring carotenoids that are used in the British and US food industry to add ... Bluhm R, Branch R, Johnston P, Stein R (1990). "Aplastic anemia associated with canthaxanthin ingested for 'tanning' purposes ...
Efficient Syntheses of the Keto-carotenoids Canthaxanthin, Astaxanthin, and Astacene. Seyoung Choi and Sangho Koo, J. Org. Chem ... γ-caroten-4-one 3-OH-Canthaxanthin a.k.a. Adonirubin a.k.a. Phoenicoxanthin 3-Hydroxy-β,β-carotene-4,4'-dione ... oate Ketones Astacene Astaxanthin Canthaxanthin a.k.a. Aphanicin, Chlorellaxanthin β,β-Carotene-4,4'-dione Capsanthin (3R,3'S, ...
... such as zeaxanthin and canthaxanthin. Indeed, astaxanthin is a metabolite of zeaxanthin and/or canthaxanthin, containing both ... Scaife, M.A.; Ma, C.A.; Armenta, R.E. (May 2012). "Efficient extraction of canthaxanthin from Escherichia coli by a 2-step ... Astaxanthin biosynthesis proceeds from beta-carotene via either zeaxanthin or canthaxanthin. Historically, it has been assumed ... The color additives astaxanthin, ultramarine blue, canthaxanthin, synthetic iron oxide, dried algae meal, Tagetes meal and ...
Khodaiyan F, Razavi SH, Emam-Djomeh Z, Mousavi SM, Hejazi MA (2007). "Effect of culture conditions on canthaxanthin production ... "High efficiency canthaxanthin production by a novel mutant isolated from Dietzia natronolimnaea HS-1 using central composite ...
After canthaxanthin is consumed, it is deposited throughout the body, including in the layer of fat below the skin, which turns ... Canthaxanthin is most commonly used as a color additive in certain foods. Although the FDA has approved the use of ... When used as a color additive, only very small amounts of canthaxanthin are necessary. As a tanning agent, however, much larger ... These types of tanning pills have been linked to various side effects, including hepatitis and canthaxanthin retinopathy, a ...
... canthaxanthin, zeaxanthin, lutein Proteinaceous: phytochrome, phycobiliproteins Polyene enolates: a class of red pigments ... many other carotenoids exist such as canthaxanthin, myxoxanthophyll, synechoxanthin, and echinenone. Algal phototrophs such as ...
It is named after its red color, which is imparted by the carotenoid canthaxanthin. It is edible, fruiting in association with ...
Like the American flamingo, their pink color is diet-derived, consisting of the carotenoid pigment canthaxanthin. Another ...
Canthaxanthin may have negative effects on the human eye, accumulating in the retina at high levels of consumption. Today, the ... In wild fish, carotenoid levels of up to 25 mg are present, but levels of canthaxanthin are, in contrast, minor. The vast ... "Opinion of the Scientific Committee on Animal Nutrition on the use of canthaxanthin in feedingstuffs for salmon and trout, ... The natural colour of salmon results from carotenoid pigments, largely astaxanthin but also canthaxanthin, in the flesh. Wild ...
Farm-raised salmon are fed the carotenoids astaxanthin and canthaxanthin to match their flesh colour to wild salmon to improve ... "Opinion of the Scientific Committee on Animal Nutrition on the use of canthaxanthin in feedingstuffs for salmon and trout, ... The natural colour of salmon results from carotenoid pigments, largely astaxanthin, but also canthaxanthin, in the flesh. Wild ...
Two red keto-carotenoid pigments, canthaxanthin and adonirubin, are responsible for the redness in the red-capped robin's ...
Canthaxanthin - color Caper (Capparis spinosa) Capsanthin - color Capsorubin - color Carrageenan - A family of linear sulphated ...
These included, canthaxanthin (responsible for the pink colour of flamingos), astaxanthin (responsible for the colour of ... rubixanthin and canthaxanthin. Weedon was born in Wimbledon, his father was a dentist and his mother came from a family of ...
... zeaxanthin and canthaxanthin. They have a diameter of about 2 to 3 micrometers and a very simple ultrastructure with reduced ...
... and canthaxanthin in C. cinnabarinus and C. friesii. They also contain significant amounts of vitamin D. The name comes from ...
... other African Cichlids in that their coloring will benefit from a diet containing quantities of beta-carotene and canthaxanthin ...
"Opinion of the Scientific Committee on Animal Nutrition on the use of canthaxanthin in feedingstuffs for salmon and trout, ...
Orange and yellow coloration is due to the presence of carotenoids; males possess the red carotenoid canthaxanthin and the ...
For this reason, poultry producers add carotenoids (typically lutein, zeaxanthin, canthaxanthin and β-apo-8´-apocarotenal) to ...
... canthaxanthin MeSH D02.455.849.131.868.500 --- lutein MeSH D02.455.849.131.912 --- zeta carotene MeSH D02.455.849.291 --- ...
Canthaxanthin Lutein - found in high concentration in spinach, kale, Swiss chard, collard greens, beet and mustard greens, ...
Berlin syndrome Canthaxanthin Chédiak-Higashi syndrome Chrysiasis Cross-McKusick-Breen syndrome (Cross syndrome, oculocerebral- ...
... canthaxanthin 6.5%, (3S,3'S)-astaxanthin 6.5%, (3S)-adonirubin, echinenone 3%, α-Carotene 2%, (3S,3'R)-adonixanthin 1%, ...
... canthaxanthin MeSH D23.767.261.887.500 --- lutein MeSH D23.767.261.925 --- zeta carotene MeSH D23.767.405.650 --- riboflavin ...
... is not found in wild Atlantic Salmon, but is a minor carotenoid in Pacific Salmon. Canthaxanthin is used in farm- ... Canthaxanthin is a potent lipid-soluble antioxidant. The biological functions of canthaxanthin are related, at least in part, ... Canthaxanthin is used in combination with astaxanthin for some salmon feeds. The antioxidant characteristics of canthaxanthin ... as a link had been drawn between canthaxanthin and human health, it was important that the use of canthaxanthin as a feed and ...
The compound 13-cis retinoic acid was first studied in the 1960s at Roche Laboratories in Switzerland by Werner Bollag as a treatment for skin cancer. Experiments completed in 1971 showed that the compound was likely to be ineffective for cancer and, surprisingly, that it could be useful to treat acne. However, they also showed that the compound was likely to cause birth defects, so in light of the events around thalidomide, Roche abandoned the product. In 1975, Gary Peck and Frank Yoder independently rediscovered the drug's use as a treatment of cystic acne while studying it as a treatment for lamellar ichthyosis, and published that work. Roche resumed work on the drug. In clinical trials, subjects were carefully screened to avoid including women who were or might become pregnant. Roche's New Drug Application for isotretinoin for the treatment of acne included data showing that the drug caused birth defects in rabbits. The FDA approved the application in 1982. Scientists involved in the ...
Transcrocetinate sodium can be prepared by reacting saffron with sodium hydroxide and extracting the salt of the trans crocetin isomer from the solution.[10] John L. Gainer and colleagues have investigated the effects of transcrocetinate sodium in animal models.[10][11] They discovered that the drug could reverse the potentially fatal decrease in blood pressure produced by the loss of large volumes of blood in severe hemorrhage, and thereby improve survival.[11] Early investigations of transcrocetinate sodium suggested that it had potential applications in battlefield medicine, specifically in treatment of the many combat casualties with hemorrhagic shock.[8][11] Additional studies, carried out in animal models and in clinical trials in humans, indicated that transcrocetinate sodium might prove beneficial in the treatment of a variety of conditions associated with hypoxia and ischemia (a lack of oxygen reaching the tissues, usually due to a disruption in the circulatory system), including ...
Canthaxanthin has multiples uses in the pharmaceutical industry. β‐carotene and canthaxanthin in a dose of 75-250 mg a day by ... Canthaxanthin is the dominant pigment source in dry pelleted diets for salmon and trout. The plumage color is caused by ... Evaluation of oral canthaxanthin as an artificial pigment for the management of vitiligo revealed it was a "very satisfactory" ... Canthaxanthin is used as a food‐coloring agent, a photoprotective agent in certain photodermatoses, a tan‐ simulating agent, ...
Canthaxanthin is added at a concentration of around 80 mg per kilo in feedstuff for maintaining proper pigmentation is farmed ... Canthaxanthin Market size may generate significant growth up to 2024 owing to increasing application scope in food and ... JECFA considered canthaxanthin usage as feed colorant. The International Agency of Research on Cancer (IARC) has not evaluated ... Insufficient canthaxanthin levels in animal may affect animal health and impact product color which shortfalls in customer ...
Canthaxanthin is a carotenoid that lacks pro-vitamin A activity but is known to have antioxidant activity. The products of its ... Identification of products from canthaxanthin oxidation. Item metadata. dc.contributor.author. Mordi, Raphael C.. ... The product profile resembles that obtained in the oxidation of β-carotene, except that with canthaxanthin these products are ... Epoxides and diepoxides were clearly identified from β-carotene oxidation but in contrast, with canthaxanthin, apart from 5,6- ...
... grow in a controlled environment where those carotenoids are not naturally available must have astaxanthin or canthaxanthin ...
... who are food faddists or who are taking dietary supplements that contain β-carotene or other carotenoids such as canthaxanthin ... who are food faddists or who are taking dietary supplements that contain β-carotene or other carotenoids such as canthaxanthin ...
"Canthaxanthin is well recognized to fulfill a number of important biological functions in wild and domestic birds during embryo ... As the first ever European approval for a canthaxanthin product, this exclusive authorization validates the beneficial effects ... The EUs zootechnical use of canthaxanthin is exclusive to CAROPHYLL Red 10%. ... this approval marks a significant milestone in recognizing the hatchability and fertility benefits of canthaxanthin. ...
Canthaxanthin, for example, is fed to captive flamingos to produce their characteristic pink color (a similar pigment found in ...
16) Plasma levels of beta-carotene, lycopene, canthaxanthin, retinol, and alpha- and tau-tocopherol in cervical intraepithelial ... and canthaxanthin), as well as alpha-tocopherol, in women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)and cervical cancer and ...
... canthaxanthin and zeaxanthin, is highly potent in enhancing T1 and T2 helper cells and IgM and IgG (secondary immunity) ...
Canthaxanthin is not found in wild Atlantic Salmon, but is a minor carotenoid in Pacific Salmon.[4] Canthaxanthin is used in ... Canthaxanthin is a potent lipid-soluble antioxidant.[12][13] The biological functions of canthaxanthin are related, at least in ... Canthaxanthin /ˌkænθəˈzænθɪn/ (. listen) is a keto-carotenoid[3] pigment widely distributed in nature. Carotenoids belong to a ... a b c d e f Opinion on the use of canthaxanthin in feedingstuffs for salmon ... ...
Canthaxanthin is not found in wild Atlantic Salmon, but is a minor carotenoid in Pacific Salmon. Canthaxanthin is used in farm- ... Canthaxanthin is a potent lipid-soluble antioxidant. The biological functions of canthaxanthin are related, at least in part, ... Canthaxanthin is used in combination with astaxanthin for some salmon feeds. The antioxidant characteristics of canthaxanthin ... as a link had been drawn between canthaxanthin and human health, it was important that the use of canthaxanthin as a feed and ...
Canthaxanthin Retinopathy: A Long-term Observation. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of ... Canthaxanthin retinopathy was first described in 1982 by Cortin et al. In Germany the office of the federal board of health ... Canthaxanthin. Antioxidants. Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action. Protective Agents. Physiological Effects of Drugs ...
In this report, the global Canthaxanthin market is valued at... ... 103 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Canthaxanthin ... Global Canthaxanthin Sales Market Report 2018 Table of Contents. Global Canthaxanthin Sales Market Report 2018. 1 Canthaxanthin ... Table Global Canthaxanthin Sales (K MT) and Market Share by Type (2013-2018). Table Global Canthaxanthin Sales Share (K MT) by ... 2.2 Global Canthaxanthin (Volume and Value) by Type. 2.2.1 Global Canthaxanthin Sales and Market Share by Type (2013-2018). 2.2 ...
Canthaxanthin. Canthaxanthin is a carotenoid pigment widely distributed in nature. Carotenoids belong to a larger class of ... The chemical formula of canthaxanthin is C40H52O2. It has E number E161g and is approved for use in the EU and USA however it ... In the EU, canthaxanthin is allowed by law to be added to sausages of Strasbourg (mainly to those exported to France), as well ...
Canthaxanthin is one of the most common ketocarotenoids in red ornaments of animals. It is often commercially used as a dietary ... Dietary canthaxanthin reduces xanthophyll uptake and red coloration in adult red-legged partridges ... We also tested the potential protective effect of canthaxanthin when exposing birds to a free radical generator (diquat). ... Dietary canthaxanthin reduces xanthophyll uptake and red coloration in adult red-legged partridges ...
Canthaxanthin liegt daher in der chemischen Synthese. Therefore, the most productive access to astaxanthin or canthaxanthin is ... Verfahren zur Herstellung von Astaxanthin- und Canthaxanthin-Vorprodukten A process for producing astaxanthin and canthaxanthin ... beschrieben. Acta 64 (1981), 2436 et seq.. Die Synthese von Canthaxanthin ist Gegenstand der DE-A-26 25 259. The synthesis of ... Method for producing astaxanthin and canthaxanthin intermediate products Publications (2). Publication Number. Publication Date ...
Oral ingestion of the compound causes canthaxanthin retinopathy. ... Canthaxanthin induces apoptosis in human cancer cell lines.. * ... Canthaxanthin. Known as: Canthaxanthin [Chemical/Ingredient], Canthaxanthine, beta,beta-Carotene-4,4-dione ... To investigate the possibility that canthaxanthin inhibits cancer cell growth by inducing apoptosis, human WiDr colon… (More) ... The anticancer activities of beta-carotene, astaxanthin and canthaxanthin against the growth of mammary tumors were studied in ...
Tags:Canthaxanthin supplier,Canthaxanthin purchase,Canthaxanthin manufacturer,Canthaxanthin sigma,Canthaxanthin distributor, ... In Vivo: Canthaxanthin alters the protective ability of tissues against oxidative stress. Canthaxanthin treatment for 15 d at ... and the canthaxanthin-treated group receives canthaxanthin at a dose of 14 μg/kg body weight per day. At the end of the ... activities are higher in canthaxanthin-treated mice than in controls[3]. Canthaxanthin inhibit the growth of mammary tumors in ...
Canthaxanthin. Canthaxanthin is a natural pigment of the orange-yellow chanterelle mushroom and is often used for pigmentation ...
Chengdu Biopurify offers Canthaxanthin [514-78-3] - Synonym name: Beta,Beta-Carotene-4,4-dione;... Customizes high quality ...
You are at:Home»LEGACY»Protect Your Cells From Free Radicals And More With The Xanthophyll Canthaxanthin ... The research on canthaxanthin is still in the very early stages. Whilst there is very little information available on this ... As discussed above, canthaxanthin is a highly effective antioxidant that can keep your bodys cells safe from free radicals. ... Canthaxanthin is a xanthophyll and phytonutrient (health boosting, plant based chemical compounds) that can be sourced from ...
Biosynthesis of canthaxanthin from beta carotene. This is a two step reaction, the intermediate is an assymetric carotenoid ... canthaxanthin can be produced as well. Canthaxanthin can also be further modified by beta hydroxylase, which gives red pigment ... Analysis shows the presence of a compound, which is less polar than zeaxanthin or canthaxanthin. ... Biosynthesis of canthaxanthin. We added a synthetic gene for the carotenoid biosynthetic enzyme (crtO) to the Registry. The ...
Canthaxanthin market is expected to generate strong demand from healthcare segment due to its excellent medicinal property for ... What are the Growth drivers of Canthaxanthin Market? NOVEPHA COMPANY LIMITED, No … ...
List of Contributors. How to Use This Book.. Part 1 Acidulants.. Acetic acid.. Adipic acid.. Caprylic acid.. Citric acid.. Dehydroacetic acid.. Fumaric acid.. Glucono-delta-lactone.. Lactic acid.. Malic acid.. Phosphoric acid.. Propionic acid.. Sodium diacetate.. Succinic acid.. Tartaric acid.. Part 2 Antioxidants.. Ascorbic acid and isomers (L-ascorbic acid and erythorbic acid).. Ascorbyl palmitate.. Beta-carotene.. Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA).. Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT).. Tert-Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ).. Calcium ascorbate.. Citric acid and its salts.. Ethoxyquin.. Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA).. Propyl gallate (PG).. Rosemary extract; natural spice extract.. Sodium ascorbate.. L-Tartaric acid.. Tea extract.. Tocopherols, mixed a (DL), g and d (synthetic).. Tocopherol, ...
WELLGREEN Cantaxantina beadlet 10% food grade Canthaxanthin red colorant and antioxidant Ad ...
1.7 Canthaxanthin. --. 1.8 Caramel. --. 1.9 Carmine. --. 1.10 Chlorophyll. --. 1.11 Copper complexes of chlorophyllins. --. ... 1.7 Canthaxanthin. -- 1.8 Caramel. -- 1.9 Carmine. -- 1.10 Chlorophyll. -- 1.11 Copper complexes of chlorophyllins. -- 1.12 ...
73.75 - Canthaxanthin. § 73.85 - Caramel. § 73.90 - [beta]-Apo-8-carotenal. § 73.95 - [beta]-Carotene. § 73.100 - Cochineal ... 73.1075 - Canthaxanthin. § 73.1085 - Caramel. § 73.1095 - [beta]-Carotene. § 73.1100 - Cochineal extract; carmine. § 73.1125 - ...
3B). The ketocarotenoids found in the ZWRI fillets were phoenicoxanthin, canthaxanthin, and some astaxanthin. Most of the ... Ketocarotenoids, such as astaxanthin or canthaxanthin, are among the highest-value carotenoid pigments on the market (2). These ... 2). The main ketocarotenoids found were phoenicoxanthin (in its free and esterified forms, ∼45%) and canthaxanthin (∼35%) (SI ... S2). Astaxanthin, phoenicoxanthin, and canthaxanthin will be described in this study as the coloring ketocarotenoids, as they ...
... canthaxanthin and astaxanthin, have been proven to have anti-carcinogenic activity in several tissues, although high doses of β ... Canthaxanthin. Canthaxanthin was first isolated from the edible mushroom, Cantharellus cinnabarinus. In addition, canthaxanthin ... Canthaxanthin. Epidemiological data on canthaxanthin in disease prevention is lacking. However, this carotenoid has exhibited ... Canthaxanthin has also proved effective in inhibiting both oral and colon carcinogenesis in rats [156,157]. Canthaxanthin and ...
Canthaxanthin in animal feed. Canthaxanthin may be used in animal feed to colour food products for human consumption, such as ... Maximum levels of canthaxanthin in animal feed. An assessment for canthaxanthin was last undertaken by the European Food Safety ... Canthaxanthin is authorised as a food colourant. At present there are no requirements to label canthaxanthin in food which came ... Previous use of canthaxanthin as a feed colour for salmon and trout, other fish, pet animals and other non-food-producing ...
3) Canthaxanthin may be safely used in the feed of salmonid fish in accordance with the following prescribed conditions: (i) ... 2) Canthaxanthin may be safely used in broiler chicken feed to enhance the yellow color of broiler chicken skin in accordance ... c) Use and restrictions. (1) The color additive canthaxanthin may be safely used for coloring foods generally subject to the ... i) The quantity of canthaxanthin does not exceed 30 milligrams per pound of solid or semisolid food or per pint of liquid food ...
More preferably, the carotenoid is astaxanthin, canthaxanthin, phoenicoxanthin, adonixanthin, zeaxanthin or β-cryptoxanthin, ... Examples of carotenoids include astaxanthin, canthaxanthin, zeaxanthin, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, β-carotene, phoenicoxanthin ... canthaxanthin is used as feed additives, food additives, cosmetics and the like; and zeaxanthin is used as food additives, feed ... canthaxanthin, zeaxanthin, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, β-carotene, phoenicoxanthin, adonixanthin, echinenone, asteroidenone and ...
Canthaxanthin Carbimazole [Carpipramine HCl] Chloral hydrate [Chlormethiazole] [Chloroquine] [Chlorothiazide] Chlorpheniramine ...
Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is one of the porphyrias, a group of diseases involving defects in heme metabolism and that results in excessive secretion of porphyrins and porphyrin precursors. AIP manifests itself by abdomen pain, neuropathies, and constipation, but, unlike most types of porphyria, patients with AIP do not have a rash.
Canthaxanthin. E162. Beetroot Red; Betanin. E163. Anthocyanins. E170. Calcium carbonate. E171. Titanium dioxide. ...
Canthaxanthin. 40850. orange. Acid Blue 1. 42045. blue. 2,4-Disulfo-5-hydroxy-4′-4″-bis(diethylamino). 42051. blue. ...
  • The flesh of wild caught salmon and rainbow trout have a pink/orange color due to the presence of the carotenoids astaxanthin and canthaxanthin that are deposited in the muscle. (list.ly)
  • This is a harmless phenomenon that is seen in patients who are food faddists or who are taking dietary supplements that contain β-carotene or other carotenoids such as canthaxanthin. (healthtap.com)
  • The Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center study, showed a lower correction of mean plasma levels of carotenoids ( beta-carotene , lycopene, and canthaxanthin), as well as alpha-tocopherol, in women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)and cervical cancer and suggested that antioxidant deficiency may be associated to the pathogenesis of CIN and carcinoma of the cervix(16). (blogspot.com)
  • The Dietzia natronolimnaea HS-1 is a bacterium that is recognized as a promising producer of natural Canthaxanthin, which is a ubiquitous keto-carotene, which is a bright orange pigment which is used in food, cosmetics and also the pharmaceutical industry. (list.ly)
  • The product profile resembles that obtained in the oxidation of β-carotene, except that with canthaxanthin these products are the 4-oxo-β-apo-carotenals and 4-oxo-β-apo-carotenones. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • The identities of these products lead us to suggest that the mechanism of canthaxanthin oxidation bears significant similarity to that of β-carotene. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • Canthaxanthin is used as a food‐coloring agent, a photoprotective agent in certain photodermatoses, a tan‐ simulating agent, and a pigment to darken vitiliginous skin. (list.ly)
  • Canthaxanthin also posseses antitumor activity. (list.ly)
  • Canthaxanthin is a carotenoid that lacks pro-vitamin A activity but is known to have antioxidant activity. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • Fe3+, Cu2+ and Zn2+) selected from Plackett-Burman design to achieve the highest level of canthaxanthin in Dietzia natronolimnaea HS-1 was determined by application of a response surface methodology (RSM). (list.ly)
  • Due to the nature of canthaxanthin, relative to astaxanthin (a carotenoid of significant commercial value) these beta-carotene ketolase proteins have been studied extensively. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carotenoids are gaining growth due to its benefits regarding easy availability and health benefits offered with zeaxanthin, lycopene, beta carotene, lutein and canthaxanthin. (abnewswire.com)
  • A comparison of the anticancer activities of dietary beta-carotene, canthaxanthin and astaxanthin in mice in vivo. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of the gene encoding beta-C-4-oxygenase, that converts beta-carotene to the ketocarotenoid canthaxanthin in Haematococcus pluvialis. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The largest share goes to beta carotene, with asthaxanthin closely following and canthaxanthin in the third place. (igem.org)
  • Another biosynthetic pathway of beta carotene modification is oxidation by the enzyme beta ketolase (crtO), which results in another industrially interesting compound - canthaxanthin. (igem.org)
  • This enzyme, however, preferrably oxidizes only one ring of the beta carotene, which leads to formation of carotenoid called echinenone, but when the gene is overexpressed, canthaxanthin can be produced as well. (igem.org)
  • 1) The color additive canthaxanthin is [beta]-carotene-4,4'-dione. (fda.gov)
  • Astaxanthin is related to beta-carotene, lutein and canthaxanthin. (mercola.com)
  • Contains naturally occurring carotenoids including Lutein, Canthaxanthin and Beta Carotene. (evitamins.com)
  • Canthaxanthin did not apparently protect birds from oxidative stress, but interfered with the absorption of yellow carotenoids (lutein and zeaxanthin). (biologists.org)
  • Zeaxanthin is a precursor of astaxanthin in enzymatic pathways, and their levels in tissues and eggs were lower in canthaxanthin-supplied birds. (biologists.org)
  • Three kinds of xanthophyll are known: canthaxanthin, zeaxanthin and lutein. (enotes.com)
  • Canthaxanthin is not found in wild Atlantic Salmon , but is a minor carotenoid in Pacific Salmon . (wikipedia.org)
  • Canthaxanthin /ˌkænθəˈzænθɪn/ ( listen) is a keto-carotenoid pigment widely distributed in nature. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the late 1980s, the safety of canthaxanthin as a feed and a food additive was drawn into question as a result of a completely un-related use of the same carotenoid. (wikipedia.org)
  • Canthaxanthin is a carotenoid pigment widely distributed in nature. (foodcolor.com)
  • Canthaxanthin is a carotenoid that lacks pro-vitamin A activity but is known to have antioxidant activity. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • Canthaxanthin is a red-orange carotenoid with various biological activities, such as antioxidant, antitumor properties. (chemscene.com)
  • Canthaxanthin treatment for 15 d at the dose of 14 μg/kg body weight results in hepatic incorporation of the carotenoid, which is maximum in liver and reaches 0.52 ± 0.05 nmol/g liver. (chemscene.com)
  • Canthaxanthin itself is a red-orange carotenoid that occurs naturally in certain foods, such as fruits and vegetables. (healthline.com)
  • 14. The method of any one of claims 1 to 9 wherein the carotenoid is canthaxanthin and the indicator is 2,2-dimethylglutarie acid or its anhydride thereof. (sumobrain.com)
  • 6. The powder of claim 4 wherein the carotenoid is canthaxanthin. (patentgenius.com)
  • 14. The process of claim 1 wherein the carotenoid is canthaxanthin. (patentgenius.com)
  • The invention relates to a process for preparing certain cyclohexenone derivatives, which serve as astaxanthin and canthaxanthin precursors. (google.com)
  • The C 40 -Carotinoide astaxanthin and canthaxanthin are in the animal nutrition sector, for example for the fish or egg yolk pigmentation, very coveted dyes. (google.com)
  • The flesh of wild caught salmon and rainbow trout have a pink/orange color due to the presence of the carotenoids astaxanthin and canthaxanthin that are deposited in the muscle. (list.ly)
  • Chemoprevention of rat oral carcinogenesis by naturally occurring xanthophylls, astaxanthin and canthaxanthin. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Astaxanthin and canthaxanthin are potent antioxidants in a membrane model. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The biosynthesis of ketocarotenoids, such as canthaxanthin, phoenicoxanthin, or astaxanthin in plants is rare. (pnas.org)
  • In this report, the global Canthaxanthin market is valued at USD XX million in 2017 and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of 2025, growing at a CAGR of XX% between 2017 and 2025. (reportsnreports.com)
  • Key industrial players in global canthaxanthin market share include BASF, DSM and Allied Biotech Corporation. (abnewswire.com)
  • However, the level of canthaxanthin intake in the affected individuals was many times greater than that which could ever be consumed via poultry products - to reach a similar intake, an individual would have to eat daily more than 50 eggs produced by layers fed practical levels of canthaxanthin in their diets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fe3+, Cu2+ and Zn2+) selected from Plackett-Burman design to achieve the highest level of canthaxanthin in Dietzia natronolimnaea HS-1 was determined by application of a response surface methodology (RSM). (list.ly)
  • By means RSM the optimum conditions to achieve the highest level of canthaxanthin (8923±18 µg/L) were determined as follows: Fe3+ 30 ppm, Cu2+ 28.75 ppm and Zn2+ 27 ppm. (list.ly)
  • The antioxidant characteristics of canthaxanthin have been studied by a number of authors and experiments have shown that the presence of canthaxanthin can potentially help to reduce oxidation in a number of tissues including broiler meat and the chick embryo. (wikipedia.org)
  • Current EU feed additive forms are synthetically produced, the presence of canthaxanthin is permitted in feed for poultry which can lead to a more intensely-coloured egg yolk and poultry skin/fat. (food.gov.uk)
  • Although the Dietzia natronolimnaea HS-1 is the most promising bacteria for the production of canthaxanthin, it is also produced by Corynebacterium michiganense, Micrococcus roseus, Brevibacterium sp. (list.ly)
  • Production of canthaxanthin by extremely halophilic bacteria. (semanticscholar.org)
  • D., Asker, and Ohta Y. "Production of Canthaxanthin by Haloferax Alexandrinus under Non-aseptic Conditions and a Simple, Rapid Method for Its Extraction. (kenyon.edu)
  • Canthaxanthin retinopathy was first described in 1982 by Cortin et al. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • When taken in this unnatural form it can lead to aplastic anemia (a blood disorder where the body's bone marrow stops producing enough new blood cells), canthaxanthin retinopathy (a disorder where yellow deposits form on the retina of the eye) and urticarial (a skin rash that causes red itchy patches to develop). (gotgravy.com)
  • This is because it has been linked to harmful side effects such as hepatitis, destruction to the digestive system and canthaxanthin retinopathy. (sunlabsonline.com)
  • Due to these health hazards you should avoid any sunless tanning products that list canthaxanthin as an ingredient. (gotgravy.com)
  • The most common active ingredient in tanning pills is a food-coloring additive called canthaxanthin. (healthline.com)
  • Canthaxanthin itself is approved - but only as an ingredient used for food coloring purposes. (healthline.com)
  • Canthaxanthin is the most common tanning pill ingredient . (healthline.com)
  • Canthaxanthin is another ingredient that may be found in these pills, though it is not very common. (sunlabsonline.com)
  • The first stage of this review process was completed in 1995 with the publication by Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) of an Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) for canthaxanthin of 0.03 mg/kg bodyweight. (wikipedia.org)
  • The labels refer to the food additives canthaxanthin and astaxanthin. (wired.com)
  • Typically Canthaxanthin is found in color additives used for food. (sunlabsonline.com)
  • Canthaxanthin is a xanthophyll and phytonutrient (health boosting, plant based chemical compounds) that can be sourced from certain types of fish and mushrooms. (gotgravy.com)
  • 2) Canthaxanthin may be safely used in broiler chicken feed to enhance the yellow color of broiler chicken skin in accordance with the following conditions: The quantity of canthaxanthin incorporated in the feed shall not exceed 4.41 milligrams per kilogam (4 grams per ton) of complete feed to supplement other known sources of xanthophyll and associated carotenoids to accomplish the intended effect. (fda.gov)
  • Canthaxanthin is one of the most common ketocarotenoids in red ornaments of animals. (biologists.org)
  • Ketocarotenoids, such as canthaxanthin and astaxanthin, are examples of high-value pigments used in the food, feed, and health sectors ( Breithaupt, 2007 ), which are produced at present by chemical synthesis, using precursors derived from the petrochemical industry ( Ausich, 1997 ). (plantphysiol.org)
  • Canthaxanthin is a potent lipid-soluble antioxidant. (wikipedia.org)
  • [12] [13] The biological functions of canthaxanthin are related, at least in part, to its ability to function as an antioxidant (free radical scavenging/vitamin E sparing) in animal tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antioxidant activity of dietary canthaxanthin. (semanticscholar.org)
  • In addition to its free radical scavenging and antioxidant properties (e.g., the induction of catalase and superoxide dismutase), canthaxanthin shows immunomodulatory activity (e.g. enhancing the proliferation and function of immune competent cells) and plays important role in gap junction communication (e.g. induction of the transmembrane protein connexin) [1] . (chemscene.com)
  • As discussed above, canthaxanthin is a highly effective antioxidant that can keep your body's cells safe from free radicals. (gotgravy.com)
  • [10] In the EU , canthaxanthin is allowed by law to be added to trout feed, salmon feed and poultry feed. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the EU, canthaxanthin is allowed by law to be added to sausages of Strasbourg (mainly to those exported to France), as well as trout feed, salmon feed and poultry feed. (foodcolor.com)
  • In addition to aquaculture, canthaxanthin is also used in poultry feeds. (list.ly)
  • § 73.75 - Canthaxanthin. (fda.gov)
  • Sec. 73.75 Canthaxanthin. (fda.gov)
  • Although this incidence was totally unrelated and very different from the feed or food use of canthaxanthin, as a link had been drawn between canthaxanthin and human health, it was important that the use of canthaxanthin as a feed and food additive should be reviewed in detail by the relevant authorities, both in the EU and at an international level. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2) Color additive mixtures for food use made with canthaxanthin may contain only those diluents that are suitable and that are listed in this subpart as safe for use in color additive mixtures for coloring foods. (fda.gov)
  • 4) The presence of the color additive in salmonid fish that have been fed feeds containing canthaxanthin shall be declared in accordance with 101.22(b), (c), and (k)(2), and 101.100(a)(2) of this chapter. (fda.gov)
  • The Dietzia natronolimnaea HS-1 is a bacterium that is recognized as a promising producer of natural Canthaxanthin, which is a ubiquitous keto-carotene, which is a bright orange pigment which is used in food, cosmetics and also the pharmaceutical industry. (list.ly)
  • Canthaxanthin is the dominant pigment source in dry pelleted diets for salmon and trout. (list.ly)
  • Canthaxanthin is used as a food‐coloring agent, a photoprotective agent in certain photodermatoses, a tan‐ simulating agent, and a pigment to darken vitiliginous skin. (list.ly)
  • Evaluation of oral canthaxanthin as an artificial pigment for the management of vitiligo revealed it was a "very satisfactory" agent. (list.ly)
  • Canthaxanthin is a natural pigment of the orange-yellow chanterelle mushroom and is often used for pigmentation in food, beverage and dietary supplement applications. (dsm.com)
  • Canthaxanthin can also be further modified by beta hydroxylase, which gives red pigment asthaxanthin as a product. (igem.org)
  • In the egg, canthaxanthin is transferred from yolk to the developing embryo where it might help to protect the developing bird against oxidative damage, particularly during the sensitive periods of hatching and early posthatch life. (wikipedia.org)
  • JECFA considered canthaxanthin usage as feed colorant. (abnewswire.com)
  • Canthaxanthin also posseses antitumor activity. (list.ly)
  • Canthaxanthin inhibit the growth of mammary tumors in mice and the anti-tumor activity is also influenced by the supplemental dose [4] . (chemscene.com)
  • The product profile resembles that obtained in the oxidation of β-carotene, except that with canthaxanthin these products are the 4-oxo-β-apo-carotenals and 4-oxo-β-apo-carotenones. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • Epoxides and diepoxides were clearly identified from β-carotene oxidation but in contrast, with canthaxanthin, apart from 5,6-epoxy-canthaxanthin, which was detected at the early stage of oxidation and minor quantities of 5,6-epoxy-β-ionone and 5,6-epoxy-4-oxo-β-apo-11-carotenal, no other epoxides were detected. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • The identities of these products lead us to suggest that the mechanism of canthaxanthin oxidation bears significant similarity to that of β-carotene. (st-andrews.ac.uk)
  • Canthaxanthin enrichment of LDL has the potential to protect cholesterol from oxidation. (chemscene.com)
  • product name: Canthaxanthin( Feed Grade) CAS. (worldbid.com)
  • Diet supplementation with canthaxanthin for 3 weeks prior to the carcinogen results in a 65% reduction in the number of mammary cancers by a mechanism not involving pro-vitamin A activity [5] . (chemscene.com)
  • Canthaxanthin can be sourced from algae, chanterelle mushrooms, various crustaceans and various fish. (gotgravy.com)
  • We also tested the potential protective effect of canthaxanthin when exposing birds to a free radical generator (diquat). (biologists.org)
  • The present invention relates to the use of canthaxanthin and at least one vitamin D metabolite, preferably 25-hydroxy vitamin D3 (25-OH D3), for improving internal egg quality. (sumobrain.com)
  • Increasing seafood demand along with rising health awareness may fuel canthaxanthin market growth. (abnewswire.com)
  • Inhibitory effects of canthaxanthin on in vitro growth of murine tumor cells. (chemscene.com)
  • The chemical formula of canthaxanthin is C 40 H 52 O 2 . (wikipedia.org)
  • The chemical formula of canthaxanthin is C40H52O2. (wikipedia.org)
  • [4] Canthaxanthin is used in farm-raised trout. (wikipedia.org)
  • EFSA established maximum residue limits in animal feed such as 10 mg canthaxanthin per kilo muscle in salmon and 5 mg per kilo muscle in trout. (abnewswire.com)
  • At concentrations of 0.1 to 1 x 1000 μM, canthaxanthin significantly reduces the overall number of tumor cells. (chemscene.com)
  • Canthaxanthin has multiples uses in the pharmaceutical industry. (list.ly)
  • Canthaxanthin is added at a concentration of around 80 mg per kilo in feedstuff for maintaining proper pigmentation is farmed fish species such as salmons. (abnewswire.com)
  • The greatest inhibition is observed at a canthaxanthin concentration of 1000 after 72 h and 96 h of incubation [2] . (chemscene.com)
  • [4] Canthaxanthin is used in combination with astaxanthin for some salmon feeds. (wikipedia.org)
  • β‐carotene and canthaxanthin in a dose of 75-250 mg a day by mouth reduced the symptoms of exposure to the sun in all 7 treated patients with erythrohepatic protoporphyria (EPP). (list.ly)
  • The control group receives olive oil alone (vehicle) and the canthaxanthin-treated group receives canthaxanthin at a dose of 14 μg/kg body weight per day. (chemscene.com)
  • Insufficient canthaxanthin levels in animal may affect animal health and impact product color which shortfalls in customer expectations. (abnewswire.com)
  • A reversible deposition of canthaxanthin crystals was discovered in the retina of a limited number of people who had consumed very high amounts of canthaxanthin via sun-tanning pills - after stopping the pills, the deposits disappeared and the health of those people affected was fully recovered. (wikipedia.org)
  • Canthaxanthin is only considered safe when consumed in small amounts in the foods you eat. (healthline.com)