Canthaxanthin: A trans-carotenoid pigment widely distributed in nature. The compound is used as an oral suntanning agent and as a food and drug coloring agent. Oral ingestion of the compound causes canthaxanthin retinopathy.Carotenoids: The general name for a group of fat-soluble pigments found in green, yellow, and leafy vegetables, and yellow fruits. They are aliphatic hydrocarbons consisting of a polyisoprene backbone.Food Coloring Agents: Natural or synthetic dyes used as coloring agents in processed foods.Radiation: Emission or propagation of acoustic waves (SOUND), ELECTROMAGNETIC ENERGY waves (such as LIGHT; RADIO WAVES; GAMMA RAYS; or X-RAYS), or a stream of subatomic particles (such as ELECTRONS; NEUTRONS; PROTONS; or ALPHA PARTICLES).beta Carotene: A carotenoid that is a precursor of VITAMIN A. It is administered to reduce the severity of photosensitivity reactions in patients with erythropoietic protoporphyria (PORPHYRIA, ERYTHROPOIETIC). (From Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Engewood, CO, 1995.)Xanthophylls: Oxygenated forms of carotenoids. They are usually derived from alpha and beta carotene.Gordonia Bacterium: A genus of gram-positive BACTERIA in the family Gordoniaceae, isolated from soil and from sputa of patients with chest disorders. It is also used for biotransformation of natural products.Actinomycetales: An order of gram-positive, primarily aerobic BACTERIA that tend to form branching filaments.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Pigments, Biological: Any normal or abnormal coloring matter in PLANTS; ANIMALS or micro-organisms.Vitamin A: Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)Food Industry: The industry concerned with processing, preparing, preserving, distributing, and serving of foods and beverages.Countercurrent Distribution: A method of separation of two or more substances by repeated distribution between two immiscible liquid phases that move past each other in opposite directions. It is a form of liquid-liquid chromatography. (Stedman, 25th ed)Phytochemicals: A broad range of biologically active compounds which occur naturally in plants having important medicinal and nutritional properties.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)zeta Carotene: A carotenoid produced in most carotenogenic organisms. It is one of several sequentially synthesized molecules that are precursors to BETA CAROTENE.Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.Fraud: Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.Medicare Assignment: Concept referring to the standardized fees for services rendered by health care providers, e.g., laboratories and physicians, and reimbursement for those services under Medicare Part B. It includes acceptance by the physician.Oxidative Stress: A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).PicratesLipid Peroxidation: Peroxidase catalyzed oxidation of lipids using hydrogen peroxide as an electron acceptor.Insurance, Health, Reimbursement: Payment by a third-party payer in a sum equal to the amount expended by a health care provider or facility for health services rendered to an insured or program beneficiary. (From Facts on File Dictionary of Health Care Management, 1988)Propyl Gallate: Antioxidant for foods, fats, oils, ethers, emulsions, waxes, and transformer oils.TartratesButylated Hydroxytoluene: A di-tert-butyl PHENOL with antioxidant properties.Butylated Hydroxyanisole: Mixture of 2- and 3-tert-butyl-4-methoxyphenols that is used as an antioxidant in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.Ethoxyquin: Antioxidant; also a post-harvest dip to prevent scald on apples and pears.Amaranth Dye: A sulfonic acid-based naphthylazo dye used as a coloring agent for foodstuffs and medicines and as a dye and chemical indicator. It was banned by the FDA in 1976 for use in foods, drugs, and cosmetics. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Ascorbic Acid: A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.Coproporphyria, Hereditary: An autosomal dominant porphyria that is due to a deficiency of COPROPORPHYRINOGEN OXIDASE in the LIVER, the sixth enzyme in the 8-enzyme biosynthetic pathway of HEME. Clinical features include both neurological symptoms and cutaneous lesions. Patients excrete increased levels of porphyrin precursors, 5-AMINOLEVULINATE and COPROPORPHYRINS.Coproporphyrins: Porphyrins with four methyl and four propionic acid side chains attached to the pyrrole rings. Elevated levels of Coproporphyrin III in the urine and feces are major findings in patients with HEREDITARY COPROPORPHYRIA.Coproporphyrinogen Oxidase: An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of coproporphyrinogen III to protoporphyrinogen IX by the conversion of two propionate groups to two vinyl groups. It is the sixth enzyme in the 8-enzyme biosynthetic pathway of HEME, and is encoded by CPO gene. Mutations of CPO gene result in HEREDITARY COPROPORPHYRIA.Porphyrias, Hepatic: A group of metabolic diseases due to deficiency of one of a number of LIVER enzymes in the biosynthetic pathway of HEME. They are characterized by the accumulation and increased excretion of PORPHYRINS or its precursors. Clinical features include neurological symptoms (PORPHYRIA, ACUTE INTERMITTENT), cutaneous lesions due to photosensitivity (PORPHYRIA CUTANEA TARDA), or both (HEREDITARY COPROPORPHYRIA). Hepatic porphyrias can be hereditary or acquired as a result of toxicity to the hepatic tissues.Porphyrias: A diverse group of metabolic diseases characterized by errors in the biosynthetic pathway of HEME in the LIVER, the BONE MARROW, or both. They are classified by the deficiency of specific enzymes, the tissue site of enzyme defect, or the clinical features that include neurological (acute) or cutaneous (skin lesions). Porphyrias can be hereditary or acquired as a result of toxicity to the hepatic or erythropoietic marrow tissues.Porphyrins: A group of compounds containing the porphin structure, four pyrrole rings connected by methine bridges in a cyclic configuration to which a variety of side chains are attached. The nature of the side chain is indicated by a prefix, as uroporphyrin, hematoporphyrin, etc. The porphyrins, in combination with iron, form the heme component in biologically significant compounds such as hemoglobin and myoglobin.Porphyrinogens: Colorless reduced precursors of porphyrins in which the pyrrole rings are linked by methylene (-CH2-) bridges.Adhesives: Substances that cause the adherence of two surfaces. They include glues (properly collagen-derived adhesives), mucilages, sticky pastes, gums, resins, or latex.Military Facilities: Areas designated for use by the armed forces personnel.Administration, Cutaneous: The application of suitable drug dosage forms to the skin for either local or systemic effects.Polymers: Compounds formed by the joining of smaller, usually repeating, units linked by covalent bonds. These compounds often form large macromolecules (e.g., BIOPOLYMERS; PLASTICS).Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Transducers, Pressure: Transducers that are activated by pressure changes, e.g., blood pressure.Hydrostatic Pressure: The pressure due to the weight of fluid.Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Lutein: A xanthophyll found in the major LIGHT-HARVESTING PROTEIN COMPLEXES of plants. Dietary lutein accumulates in the MACULA LUTEA.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Economic Competition: The effort of two or more parties to secure the business of a third party by offering, usually under fair or equitable rules of business practice, the most favorable terms.Color: The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.TextilesPaintTextile Industry: The aggregate business enterprise of manufacturing textiles. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Color Perception: Mental processing of chromatic signals (COLOR VISION) from the eye by the VISUAL CORTEX where they are converted into symbolic representations. Color perception involves numerous neurons, and is influenced not only by the distribution of wavelengths from the viewed object, but also by its background color and brightness contrast at its boundary.Color Vision: Function of the human eye that is used in bright illumination or in daylight (at photopic intensities). Photopic vision is performed by the three types of RETINAL CONE PHOTORECEPTORS with varied peak absorption wavelengths in the color spectrum (from violet to red, 400 - 700 nm).Color Perception Tests: Type of vision test used to determine COLOR VISION DEFECTS.

A survey of serum and dietary carotenoids in captive wild animals. (1/44)

Accumulation of carotenoids varies greatly among animal species and is not fully characterized. Circulating carotenoid concentration data in captive wild animals are limited and may be useful for their management. Serum carotenoid concentrations and dietary intakes were surveyed and the extent of accumulation categorized for 76 species of captive wild animals at Brookfield Zoo. Blood samples were obtained opportunistically from 275 individual animals immobilized for a variety of reasons; serum was analyzed for alpha- and beta-carotene, lutein + zeaxanthin, lycopene, beta-cryptoxanthin and canthaxanthin. Total carotenoid content of diets was calculated from tables and chemical analyses of commonly consumed dietary components. Diets were categorized as low, moderate or high in carotenoid content as were total serum carotenoid concentrations. Animals were classified as unknown, high, moderate or low (non-) accumulators of dietary cartenoids. Nonaccumulators had total serum carotenoid concentrations of 0-101 nmol/L, whereas accumulators had concentrations that ranged widely, from 225 to 35,351 nmol/L. Primates were uniquely distinguished by the widest range of type and concentration of carotenoids in their sera. Most were classified as high to moderate accumulators. Felids had high accumulation of beta-carotene regardless of dietary intake, whereas a wide range of exotic birds accumulated only the xanthophylls, lutein + zeaxanthin, canthaxanthin or cryptoxanthin. The exotic ungulates, with the exception of the bovids, had negligible or nondetectable carotenoid serum concentrations despite moderate intakes. Bovids accumulated only beta-carotene despite moderately high lutein + zeaxanthin intakes. Wild captive species demonstrated a wide variety of carotenoid accumulation patterns, which could be exploited to answer remaining questions concerning carotenoid metabolism and function.  (+info)

Identification and distribution of dietary precursors of the Drosophila visual pigment chromophore: analysis of carotenoids in wild type and ninaD mutants by HPLC. (2/44)

A dietary source of retinoid or carotenoid has been shown to be necessary for the biosynthesis of functional visual pigment in flies. In the present study, the larvae or adults of Drosophila melanogaster were administered specific carotenoid-containing diets and high performance liquid chromatography was used to identify and quantify the carotenoids in extracts of wild type and ninaD visual mutant flies. When beta-carotene was fed to larvae, wild type flies were shown to hydroxylate this molecule and to accumulate zeaxanthin and a small amount of beta-cryptoxanthin. Zeaxanthin content was found to increase throughout development and was a major carotenoid peak detected in the adult fly. Carotenoids were twice as effective at mediating zeaxanthin accumulation when provided to larvae versus adults. In the ninaD mutant, zeaxanthin content was shown to be specifically and significantly altered compared to wild type, and was ineffective at mediating visual pigment synthesis when provided to both larval and adult mutant flies. It is proposed that zeaxanthin is the larval storage form for subsequent visual pigment chromophore biosynthesis during pupation, that zeaxanthin or beta-crytoxanthin is the immediate precursor for light-independent chromophore synthesis in the adult, and that the ninaD mutant is defective in this pathway.  (+info)

Carotenoid hydroxylase from Haematococcus pluvialis: cDNA sequence, regulation and functional complementation. (3/44)

A cDNA homologous to beta-carotene hydroxylase from Arabidopsis thaliana was isolated from the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis. The predicted amino acid sequence for this enzyme shows homology to the three known plant beta-carotene hydroxylases from Arabidopsis thaliana and from Capsicum annuum (38% identity) and to prokaryote carotenoid hydroxylases (32-34% identities). Heterologous complementation using E. coli strains which were genetically engineered to produce carotenoids indicated that the H. pluvialis beta-carotene hydroxylase was able to catalyse not only the conversion of beta-carotene to zeaxanthin but also the conversion of canthaxanthin to astaxanthin. Furthermore, Northern blot analysis revealed increased beta-carotene hydroxylase mRNA steady state levels after induction of astaxanthin biosynthesis. In accordance with the latter results, it is proposed that the carotenoid hydroxylase characterized in the present publication is involved in the biosynthesis of astaxanthin during cyst cell formation of H. pluvialis.  (+info)

Exogenously incorporated ketocarotenoids in large unilamellar vesicles. Protective activity against peroxidation. (4/44)

The ability of astaxanthin and canthaxanthin as chain-breaking antioxidants was studied in Cu(2+)-initiated peroxidation of phosphatidylcholine large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs). Both carotenoids increased the lag period that precedes the maximum rate of lipid peroxidation, though astaxanthin showed stronger activity. For these experiments, different amounts of xanthophylls were exogenously added to previously made LUVs, non-incorporated pigment being afterwards removed. Differential scanning calorimetry assays with L-beta,gamma-dimyristoyl-alpha-phosphatidylcholine LUVs demonstrated that xanthophylls incorporated as described interact with the lipid matrix becoming interspersed among the phospholipid molecules.  (+info)

Dose dependency of canthaxanthin crystals in monkey retina and spatial distribution of its metabolites. (5/44)

PURPOSE: To establish the threshold level of canthaxanthin crystals in the retina of cynomolgus monkeys. To correlate the spatial distribution of all-trans canthaxanthin and its metabolites with the grade of crystals. METHODS: Monkeys were orally administered 0, 0.2, 0.6, 1.8, 5.4, 16.2, and 48.6 mg/kg body wt canthaxanthin daily for 2.5 to 3 years. A second group of monkeys were administered 200 and 500 mg/kg body wt/d for 5 years. Ophthalmoscopy, electroretinography (ERG), retina and carotenoid analysis were performed as previously reported. RESULTS: Crystals in the retina periphery were observed by ophthalmoscopy preterminally only in the extreme high doses of 200 to 500 mg/kg body wt/d. There were no adverse effects on visual functions as measured by ERG. Crystals in the peripheral retina, and/or in the macula, were detected microscopically in all canthaxanthin treated groups except at the lowest dose of 0.2 mg/kg body wt/d. The grade of crystals increased up to a dose of 16.2 mg/kg body wt/d. Dose-dependent increases in canthaxanthin content also were noted in the retina, the liver, and in plasma. All-trans canthaxanthin was the major compound in the peripheral and paracentral retina of very highly dosed animals, where its concentration correlated largely with the grade of inclusions. In the macula, 4'-OH-echinenone was the dominant canthaxanthin metabolite. CONCLUSIONS: The grade of crystals in monkey retinas was dose dependent with a threshold level at 0.6 mg canthaxanthin/kg body wt/d. It correlated in the retinal periphery with the concentrations of all-trans-canthaxanthin and in the macula with its metabolites.  (+info)

Canthaxanthin supplementation alters antioxidant enzymes and iron concentration in liver of Balb/c mice. (6/44)

The 4,4'-diketo-beta-carotene, canthaxanthin, alters tocopherol status when fed to Balb/c mice, suggesting an involvement of carotenoids in the modulation of oxidative stress in vivo. We investigated further the modifications induced by an oral administration of canthaxanthin on lipid peroxidation, antioxidant enzymes and iron status in liver of Balb/c mice. Female 6-wk-old Balb/c mice were randomly divided into two groups (n = 10/group). The control group (C) received olive oil alone (vehicle) and the canthaxanthin-treated group (Cx) received canthaxanthin at a dose of 14 microg/(g body wt.d). The 15-d canthaxanthin treatment resulted in carotenoid incorporation but did not modify lipid peroxidation as measured by endogenous production of malondialdehyde (MDA). However, glutathione peroxidase activity was 35% lower (P<0.01) and catalase (59%, P<0.005) and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) (28%, P<0.05) activities were higher in canthaxanthin-treated mice than in controls. Moreover, carotenoid feeding caused a significant (P<0.05) overexpression of the MnSOD gene; mRNA levels of the enzyme were greater in treated mice than in controls. Concomitantly, a 27% (P<0.05) greater iron concentration was found in liver from canthaxanthin-treated mice compared with controls. These findings support the hypothesis that canthaxanthin alters the protective ability of tissues against oxidative stress in vivo.  (+info)

Isolation and characterization of canthaxanthin biosynthesis genes from the photosynthetic bacterium Bradyrhizobium sp. strain ORS278. (7/44)

A carotenoid biosynthesis gene cluster involved in canthaxanthin production was isolated from the photosynthetic Bradyrhizobium sp. strain ORS278. This cluster includes five genes identified as crtE, crtY, crtI, crtB, and crtW that are organized in at least two operons. The functional assignment of each open reading frame was confirmed by complementation studies.  (+info)

In vitro inhibition of proliferation of estrogen-dependent and estrogen-independent human breast cancer cells treated with carotenoids or retinoids. (8/44)

Both estrogen-receptor (ER) positive MCF-7 and ER-negative Hs578T and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cells were treated with carotenoids (beta-carotene, canthaxanthin and lycopene) and retinoids (all-trans-, 9-cis- and 13-cis-retinoic acid and all-trans-retinol). Among carotenoids, beta-carotene significantly reduced the growth of MCF-7 and Hs578T cells, and lycopene inhibited the growth of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. Canthaxanthin did not affect the proliferation of any of the three cell lines. All-trans- and 9-cis-retinoic acid significantly reduced the growth of both MCF-7 and Hs578T cells, whereas 13-cis-retinoic acid and all-trans-retinol had a significant effect only on MCF-7 cells. MCF-7 and Hs578T cells treated with all-trans-retinoic acid (all-t-RA) were further studied for the mechanism behind growth inhibition. Retinoic acid receptors alpha and gamma (RARalpha, gamma) in MCF-7 cells and RARalpha, beta and gamma in Hs578T cells were not induced by all-t-RA treatment at either the protein or mRNA level. Hs578T cells treated with all-t-RA had significantly more cells in the G0/G1 stage of the cell cycle, but the same was not observed for MCF-7 cells. All-t-RA induced a dose-dependent cell death in MCF-7 cells, which may be a necrotic phenomenon. These results demonstrate that ER status is an important, although not essential factor for breast cancer cell response to carotenoid and retinoid treatments, and the mode of action of all-t-RA in MCF-7 and Hs578T cells is not through the induction of RAR. Other mechanistic pathways that are either followed by or concomitant with growth inhibition are possible.  (+info)

*Canthaxanthin

... is not found in wild Atlantic Salmon, but is a minor carotenoid in Pacific Salmon. Canthaxanthin is used in farm- ... Canthaxanthin is a potent lipid-soluble antioxidant. The biological functions of canthaxanthin are related, at least in part, ... Canthaxanthin is used in combination with astaxanthin for some salmon feeds. The antioxidant characteristics of canthaxanthin ... as a link had been drawn between canthaxanthin and human health, it was important that the use of canthaxanthin as a feed and ...

*List of phytochemicals in food

yellow pigments Canthaxanthin paprika. Cryptoxanthin to vitamin A mango, tangerine, orange, papaya, peaches, avocado, pea, ...

*3'-Hydroxyechinenone

The chemical formula of canthaxanthin is C40H54O2. It is found non-covalently bound in the orange carotenoid protein (OCP), ...

*Carotenosis

Canthaxanthin has been used in over-the-counter "tanning pills" in the United States and Europe, but is not currently Food and ... Canthaxanthin and astaxanthin are naturally occurring carotenoids that are used in the British and US food industry to add ... Bluhm R, Branch R, Johnston P, Stein R (1990). "Aplastic anemia associated with canthaxanthin ingested for 'tanning' purposes ...

*Carotenoid

Efficient Syntheses of the Keto-carotenoids Canthaxanthin, Astaxanthin, and Astacene. Seyoung Choi and Sangho Koo, J. Org. Chem ... γ-caroten-4-one 3-OH-Canthaxanthin a.k.a. Adonirubin a.k.a. Phoenicoxanthin 3-Hydroxy-β,β-carotene-4,4'-dione ... oate Ketones Astacene Astaxanthin Canthaxanthin a.k.a. Aphanicin, Chlorellaxanthin β,β-Carotene-4,4'-dione Capsanthin (3R,3'S, ...

*Astaxanthin

... such as zeaxanthin and canthaxanthin. Indeed, astaxanthin is a metabolite of zeaxanthin and/or canthaxanthin, containing both ... Scaife, M.A.; Ma, C.A.; Armenta, R.E. (May 2012). "Efficient extraction of canthaxanthin from Escherichia coli by a 2-step ... Astaxanthin biosynthesis proceeds from beta-carotene via either zeaxanthin or canthaxanthin. Historically, it has been assumed ... The color additives astaxanthin, ultramarine blue, canthaxanthin, synthetic iron oxide, dried algae meal, Tagetes meal and ...

*Dietzia natronolimnaea

Khodaiyan F, Razavi SH, Emam-Djomeh Z, Mousavi SM, Hejazi MA (2007). "Effect of culture conditions on canthaxanthin production ... "High efficiency canthaxanthin production by a novel mutant isolated from Dietzia natronolimnaea HS-1 using central composite ...

*Sunless tanning

After canthaxanthin is consumed, it is deposited throughout the body, including in the layer of fat below the skin, which turns ... Canthaxanthin is most commonly used as a color additive in certain foods. Although the FDA has approved the use of ... When used as a color additive, only very small amounts of canthaxanthin are necessary. As a tanning agent, however, much larger ... These types of tanning pills have been linked to various side effects, including hepatitis and canthaxanthin retinopathy, a ...

*Biological pigment

... canthaxanthin, zeaxanthin, lutein Proteinaceous: phytochrome, phycobiliproteins Polyene enolates: a class of red pigments ... many other carotenoids exist such as canthaxanthin, myxoxanthophyll, synechoxanthin, and echinenone. Algal phototrophs such as ...

*Cantharellus cinnabarinus

It is named after its red color, which is imparted by the carotenoid canthaxanthin. It is edible, fruiting in association with ...

*Roseate spoonbill

Like the American flamingo, their pink color is diet-derived, consisting of the carotenoid pigment canthaxanthin. Another ...

*Salmon as food

Canthaxanthin may have negative effects on the human eye, accumulating in the retina at high levels of consumption. Today, the ... In wild fish, carotenoid levels of up to 25 mg are present, but levels of canthaxanthin are, in contrast, minor. The vast ... "Opinion of the Scientific Committee on Animal Nutrition on the use of canthaxanthin in feedingstuffs for salmon and trout, ... The natural colour of salmon results from carotenoid pigments, largely astaxanthin but also canthaxanthin, in the flesh. Wild ...

*Salmon

Farm-raised salmon are fed the carotenoids astaxanthin and canthaxanthin to match their flesh colour to wild salmon to improve ... "Opinion of the Scientific Committee on Animal Nutrition on the use of canthaxanthin in feedingstuffs for salmon and trout, ... The natural colour of salmon results from carotenoid pigments, largely astaxanthin, but also canthaxanthin, in the flesh. Wild ...

*Red-capped robin

Two red keto-carotenoid pigments, canthaxanthin and adonirubin, are responsible for the redness in the red-capped robin's ...

*List of food additives

Canthaxanthin - color Caper (Capparis spinosa) Capsanthin - color Capsorubin - color Carrageenan - A family of linear sulphated ...

*Basil Weedon

These included, canthaxanthin (responsible for the pink colour of flamingos), astaxanthin (responsible for the colour of ... rubixanthin and canthaxanthin. Weedon was born in Wimbledon, his father was a dentist and his mother came from a family of ...

*Nannochloropsis

... zeaxanthin and canthaxanthin. They have a diameter of about 2 to 3 micrometers and a very simple ultrastructure with reduced ...

*Cantharellus

... and canthaxanthin in C. cinnabarinus and C. friesii. They also contain significant amounts of vitamin D. The name comes from ...

*Lamprologus ocellatus

... other African Cichlids in that their coloring will benefit from a diet containing quantities of beta-carotene and canthaxanthin ...

*Salmon (color)

"Opinion of the Scientific Committee on Animal Nutrition on the use of canthaxanthin in feedingstuffs for salmon and trout, ...

*American redstart

Orange and yellow coloration is due to the presence of carotenoids; males possess the red carotenoid canthaxanthin and the ...

*Meso-zeaxanthin

For this reason, poultry producers add carotenoids (typically lutein, zeaxanthin, canthaxanthin and β-apo-8´-apocarotenal) to ...

*List of MeSH codes (D02)

... canthaxanthin MeSH D02.455.849.131.868.500 --- lutein MeSH D02.455.849.131.912 --- zeta carotene MeSH D02.455.849.291 --- ...

*List of antioxidants in food

Canthaxanthin Lutein - found in high concentration in spinach, kale, Swiss chard, collard greens, beet and mustard greens, ...

*List of cutaneous conditions

Berlin syndrome Canthaxanthin Chédiak-Higashi syndrome Chrysiasis Cross-McKusick-Breen syndrome (Cross syndrome, oculocerebral- ...
Canthaxanthin is a carotenoid that lacks pro-vitamin A activity but is known to have antioxidant activity. The products of its oxidation in oxygen were found to be mainly substituted apo-carotenals and apo-carotenones. The product profile resembles that obtained in the oxidation of β-carotene, except that with canthaxanthin these products are the 4-oxo-β-apo-carotenals and 4-oxo-β-apo-carotenones. Epoxides and diepoxides were clearly identified from β-carotene oxidation but in contrast, with canthaxanthin, apart from 5,6-epoxy-canthaxanthin, which was detected at the early stage of oxidation and minor quantities of 5,6-epoxy-β-ionone and 5,6-epoxy-4-oxo-β-apo-11-carotenal, no other epoxides were detected. The identities of these products lead us to suggest that the mechanism of canthaxanthin oxidation bears significant similarity to that of β-carotene ...
Canthaxanthin Market size may generate significant growth up to 2024 owing to increasing application scope in food and cosmetics industries. Rising consumer inclination towards various food products such as baby ingredients, breakfast cereal, dairy, fruit & vegetable, meat, snacks, bakery and confectionery industries should drive canthaxanthin market size growth. Asia Pacific food & beverages industry, with growth in India and China, may generate over USD 60 billion business by 2024. It is used as color additives in foods.. Carotenoids are gaining growth due to its benefits regarding easy availability and health benefits offered with zeaxanthin, lycopene, beta carotene, lutein and canthaxanthin. The global carotenoids market generated at over USD 1.15 billion business in 2015 and may register over USD 1.65 billion by 2024, with gains at above 3.5%. Increasing consumer health awareness coupled with growing end-use application may drive product demand.. Request for an in-depth table of contents ...
Microorganisms have a wide variety of characteristics that have always come to our aid. Some of them even have the ability to produce colorful, non...
Astaxanthin is most effective against Lipoperoxidation in membrane models. Astaxanthin is 20 to 40 times more effective as an antioxidant than beta-carotene, up to 500 times more effective in inhibiting lipid peroxidation than Vitamin C, up to 1000 times more effective in inhibiting lipid peroxidation than Vitamin E, has greater anti-inflammatory capability than Vitamin E, has almost 4 times the antioxidant capacity of lutein, provides superior protection against UVA and UVB light-induced oxidative stress, is more stable in scavenging and quenching than beta-carotene, canthaxanthin and zeaxanthin, is highly potent in enhancing T1 and T2 helper cells and IgM and IgG (secondary immunity) production, is more effective than lycopene and lutein in enhancing liver microsome detoxification activity (enzymes that metabolize drugs), enhances the actions of Vitamins C and E in the body, and enhances the release of retinol (Vitamin A) from the liver when needed.. Those benefits described so far warrant ...
Hands turning orange - The palm of my hands are turning Orange and I recently just went to Dr and tested positive for a UTI? Carotenaemia. Orange palms condition is called carotenaemia. This is a harmless phenomenon that is seen in patients who are food faddists or who are taking dietary supplements that contain β-carotene or other carotenoids such as canthaxanthin. Carotenoids are found in the normal diet but mainly in pumpkins, carrots. It is also helpful to review the medication that was prescribed for your UTI.
Salmon are (relatively) unique in that they store certain carotenoids in their flesh which is what provides that flesh with its distinct pinkish color. Wild salmon ingest these carotenoids as part of their regular diet, but farmed salmon which grow in a controlled environment where those carotenoids are not naturally available must have astaxanthin or canthaxanthin added to their feed so that they will develop the proper color. Although these items are added to the feed and not to the fishs flesh, the American law requires that salmon fed these items be labeled as having "color added". Such feed does not pose a kashrus issue because the materials are inherently kosher and because they are digested by the fish.. ...
Cheez Whiz™ are both the result of related carotenoid dyes. Carotenoids (named for the vegetable in which they were first found!) are based on a linear conjugated diene skeleton, and provide nature with many colorful accents. Canthaxanthin, for example, is fed to captive flamingos to produce their characteristic pink color (a similar pigment found in brine shrimp does the same favor for wild flamingos). Astaxanthin is responsible for the characterstic color of lobsters. Canaries, whose signature color is a greenish yellow, can be turned red if they are fed paprika during their molt. The new feathers will grow in orange-red ...
According to the University of Arizona, in the analysis of cervical tissue (cancerous, precancerous, and noncancerous) samples obtained from 87 patients (age, 21-86 years), showed that maintaining an adequate serum concentration of beta-carotene may be necessary for the prevention of cervical cancer and precancer(14). Crocetin is a natural carotenoid dicarboxylic acid, inhibited the cell proliferation of Hela cells through cell cycle arrest via p53-dependent and -independent mechanisms(15). The Albert Einstein College of Medicine and Montefiore Medical Center study, showed a lower correction of mean plasma levels of carotenoids (beta-carotene, lycopene, and canthaxanthin), as well as alpha-tocopherol, in women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)and cervical cancer and suggested that antioxidant deficiency may be associated to the pathogenesis of CIN and carcinoma of the cervix(16). Dr. Harris RW, and the researcher team in the study of Cancer of the cervix uteri and vitamin A indicated ...
Canthaxanthin is well recognized to fulfill a number of important biological functions in wild and domestic birds during embryo development. Now officially recognized as a zootechnical additive, CAROPHYLL Red 10% delivers clear benefits to customers in enhancing the reproductive performance of their breeding hens, particularly in conjunction with vitamin D3. This is particularly significant, as our MaxiChick solution has been demonstrated in scientific studies and field tests to produce three more chicks per housed hen and deliver an ROI of 4 to 1." ...
Carotenoid utilization in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum) and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) has been investigated with respect to tissue distribution of carotenoids and the role of the liver on the bioavailability of the lipid soluble carotenoids, astaxanthin and canthaxanthin. Species-specific and tissue-specific accumulations were noted for astaxanthin and canthaxanthin in the rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon, possibly indicating fundamental differences in their utilization in these species. The liver and the kidney were revealed to be the major tissues involved in carotenoid metabolism in both rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon. Apparent digestibilities (-96% and -30% for rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon, respectively) and flesh carotenoid retentions (-12% and -5.4% for rainbow trout and Atlantic salmon, respectively) differed significantly between species, suggesting that rainbow trout are more efficient depositors of carotenoids within the flesh. Isolated rainbow trout liver ...
While there is ample evidence to indicate the health benefits of diets rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts, no specific food has been acknowledged by scientists and government regulatory authorities as providing a health benefit. Current medical research is focused on whether health effects could be due to specific essential nutrients or phytochemicals. The following is a list of phytochemicals present in commonly consumed foods. orange pigments α-Carotene - to vitamin A carrots, pumpkins, maize, tangerine, orange. β-Carotene - to vitamin A dark, leafy greens, red, orange and yellow fruits and vegetables. γ-Carotene - to vitamin A, δ-Carotene ε-carotene Lycopene Vietnam Gac, tomatoes, grapefruit, watermelon, guava, apricots, carrots, autumn olive. Neurosporene Phytofluene star fruit, sweet potato, orange. Phytoene sweet potato, orange. yellow pigments Canthaxanthin paprika. Cryptoxanthin to vitamin A mango, tangerine, orange, papaya, peaches, avocado, pea, grapefruit, ...
Source Naturals Ubiquinol CoQH is a newly available form of the powerful antioxidant CoQ10. This superior form offers you the same broad-ranging benefits, but with heightened absorption which yields higher concentrations of CoQ10 in the blood. Ubiquinol has been shown to provide powerful antioxidant defense and also supports the bodys cardiovascular and energy systems by aiding in the synthesis of mitochondrial ATP. The comprehensive benefits of ubiquinol also aid the liver, brain, and immune systems. Supplement Facts: Serving Size: 1 softgel Amount Per Serving - % Daily Value Calories 10 Calories from Fat 10 Total Fat 1 g less than 2% Saturated Fat less than 1 g less than 2% Trans Fat less than 1 g Ubiquinol (Kaneka QH) 100 mg Other Ingredients: rice bran oil, gelatin, beeswax, glycerin, purified water, rosemary extract, lecithin, d-alpha tocopherol, zinc oxide, turmeric, and canthaxanthin. Warning: If you are pregnant, may become pregnant, breastfeeding, or are
NEKTON-R contains all essential vitamins, amino acids, minerals, the colorant Canthaxanthin and trace elements in balanced proportions. NEKTON-R prevents feather colors from fading and positively influences the natural shine and brightness of the whole plumage. Due to the vitamin complex contained within, the bird is supported through the entire molting/rearing process and additionally supplied with […]. ...
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(BURLINGTON, N. J.) - FEB. 23, 2017 - Today AstaReal USA announced its newly earned distinction as the Preferred Supplier of the National Animal Suppl...
Astaxanthin is an antioxidant that is able to work both inside and outside of cells to offer all-round protection against oxidative damage in the body.
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Since so many patients & readers have asked about astaxanthin, I decided to bring you up to speed on what it is as well as its spectacular health benefits.
We report on a novel arctic strain BM1 of a carotenogenic chlorophyte from a coastal habitat with harsh environmental conditions (wide variations in solar irradiance, temperature, salinity and nutrient availability) identified as Haematococcus pluvialis Flotow. Increased (25‰) salinity exerted no adverse effect on the growth of the green BM1 cells. Under stressful conditions (high light, nitrogen and phosphorus deprivation), green vegetative cells of H. pluvialis BM1 grown in BG11 medium formed non-motile palmelloid cells and, eventually, hematocysts capable of a massive accumulation of the keto-carotenoid astaxanthin with a high nutraceutical and therapeutic potential. Routinely, astaxanthin was accumulated at the level of 4% of the cell dry weight (DW), reaching, under prolonged stress, 5.5% DW. Astaxanthin was predominantly accumulated in the form of mono- and diesters of fatty acids from C16 and C18 families. The palmelloids and hematocysts were characterized by the formation of red-colored
China Haematoccus Pluvialis Astaxanthin Softgel Capsule, Find details about China Haematoccus Pluvialis Astaxanthin, Astaxanthin Tablet from Haematoccus Pluvialis Astaxanthin Softgel Capsule - Shandong Ruizhi Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
Derived from Haematococcus pluvialis microalgae cultivated under pristine conditions, esterfied astaxanthin is a stable, powerful, fat-soluble antioxidant from the carotenoid family. Haematococcus algae produces astaxanthin to protect itself against ultraviolet-induced free radical damage. Astaxanthin is different from beta-carotene in that it has two additional oxygenated groups on Each of its ring structures, enhancing its ability to scavenge free radicals. It is believed to be several hundred times more effective than vitamin E in neutralizing singlet oxygen molecules and has been shown to exert greater antioxidant activity than both zeaxanthin and lutein. Astaxanthin protects the phospholipid membranes of cells from oxidative damage. In a recent U.S. study, it demonstrated the ability to cross the blood brain barrier and protect the retina in animals, suggesting its potential for supporting the brain and nervous system from free radical damage. Initial trials with astaxanthin suggest that it ...
Pure Encapsulations Astaxanthin 60 Softgels Powerful antioxidant for the skin, macula, joints, immune system and cardiovascular function *Derived from Haematococcus pluvialis microalgae cultivated under pristine conditions, esterfied astaxanthin is a stable, powerful, fat-soluble antioxidant from the carotenoid family. Haematococcus algae produces astaxanthin to protect itself against ultraviolet-induced free radical damage. Astaxanthin is different from beta- carotene in that it has two additional oxygenated groups on each of its ring structures, enhancing its ability to scavenge free radicals. It is believed to be several hundred times more effective than vitamin E in neutralizing singlet oxygen molecules and has been shown to exert greater antioxidant activity than both zeaxanthin and lutein. Astaxanthin protects the phospholipid membranes of cells from oxidative damage. In a recent U.S. study, it demonstrated the ability to cross the blood brain barrier and protect the retina in animals,
Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part C: Toxicology & Pharmacology ; Volume 139. p. 99-110. 2004. Coral-Hinostroza, G.; Ytrestøyl, Trine; Ruyter, Bente; Bjerkeng, Bjørn. Appearance, pharmacokinetics and distribution of astaxanthin all-E-, 9Z- and 13Z-geomettical and (3R,3R)-, (3R,3S)- and (3S,3S)-optical isomers in plasma fractions were studied in three middle-aged male volunteers (41-50 years) after ingestion of a single meal containing first a 10 mg dose equivalent of astaxanthin from astaxanthin diesters, followed by a dose of 100 mg astaxanthin equivalents after 4 weeks. Direct resolution of geometrical isomers and optical isomers of astaxanthin dicamphanates by HPLC after saponification showed that the astaxanthin consisted of 95.2% all-E-, 1.2% 9Z- and 3.6% 13Z-astaxanthin, of (3R,3R)-, (3R,3S; meso)- and (3S,3S)-astaxanthin in a 31:49:20 ratio. The plasma astaxanthin concentration-time curves were measured during 76 h. Astaxanthin esters were not detected in plasma. Maximum ...
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Summary of Facts and Submissions. I. European patent No. 1 713 448 B1 based on application No. 04 770 702.1 was granted on the basis of a set of 47 claims.. II. An opposition was filed under Article 100 (a), (b) and (c) EPC on the grounds that its subject-matter lacked novelty and inventive step, the patent was not sufficiently disclosed, and its subject-matter extended beyond the content of the earlier application as filed.. III. The documents cited during the opposition and appeal proceeding included the following:. (1): Hoffmann-La Roche AG, Produktformen-Vitamine und Carotinoide, März 2000. (2): WO 00/27362 A1. (3): WO 2004/080199 A2. (4): EP 0 229 652 A2. (5): NON-PAREIL SEEDS, JRS Pharma LP, März 2003. (7): Brochure ROVIMIX® E-50 Adsorbate and SD, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd, published in 1990. (8): Brochure The new ROVIMIX® E-50 Adsorbate makes vitamin E nutrition easier, Roche, Basel, published Sept. 1995. (9): Römpp, Lexikon der Chemie, Adsorptio, 10. Auflage, Stuttgart, 1996, ...
China Haematoccus Pluvialis Astaxanthin Powder, Find details about China Astaxanthin, Astaxanthin Powder from Haematoccus Pluvialis Astaxanthin Powder - Xi′an Natural Field Bio-Technique Co., Ltd.
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Low prices on Astaxanthin! Astaxanthin supports eyes, skin, joints, heart and exercise recovery*. Astaxanthin is a natural pink carotenoid best known for giving salmon and shrimp their pink-red color. It is grown from microalgae, the same kind that fish eat in the ocean. Clinical studies show astaxanthin may support eye and joint health, skin health during exposure to sunlight and may promote recovery after exercise.*
Low prices on Astaxanthin! Astaxanthin supports eyes, skin, joints, heart and exercise recovery*. Astaxanthin is a natural pink carotenoid best known for giving salmon and shrimp their pink-red color. It is grown from microalgae, the same kind that fish eat in the ocean. Clinical studies show astaxanthin may support eye and joint health, skin health during exposure to sunlight and may promote recovery after exercise.*
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NatuRose algae meal is a safe natural source of astaxanthin derived from a unique strain of the microalgae. NatuRose will yield excellent stability and provide a superior source of natural astaxanthin for koi as well as fresh water and marine ornamentals.
Astaxanthin Supplement is the powerful antioxidant protects against ultra-violet light radiation, supports healthy arteries, heart and immune system. Enjoy our low price guarantee, plus an extra 16% off Set.
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Inflammation is central to nearly all diseases and health concerns. Managing it with something like astaxanthin can do wonders for long term health.
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Evidence of a protective effect of several antioxidants and other nutrients on pancreatic cancer risk is inconsistent. The aim of this study was to investigate the association for prediagnostic plasma levels of carotenoids, vitamin C, retinol and tocopherols with risk of pancreatic cancer in a case-control study nested within the ... read more European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). 446 incident exocrine pancreatic cancer cases were matched to 446 controls by age at blood collection, study center, sex, date and time of blood collection, fasting status and hormone use. Plasma carotenoids (- and -carotene, lycopene, -cryptoxanthin, canthaxanthin, zeaxanthin and lutein), - and -tocopherol and retinol were measured by reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography and plasma vitamin C by a colorimetric assay. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) for pancreatic cancer risk were estimated using a conditional logistic regression ...
AstaReal® Astaxanthin (from Haematococcus pluvialis algae extract) 500 mcg. other ingredients: red beet powder, hypoallergenic plant fiber (cellulose), vegetarian capsule (cellulose, water). Tamper Resistant: Use only if safety seal is intact.. Warning: Vitamin A at levels above 10,000 iu can lead to adverse side effects, including birth defects. If you are pregnant or lactating, have any health condition or are taking any medication, consult your health professional before use.. Keep out of the reach of children. ...
A great range of astaxanthin supplements, a natural substance with powerful antioxidant benefits. Shop a wide range of Astaxanthin supplements plus free UK delivery.
A single-celled biflagellate. The cell wall is separated from the protoplast, connected only by thin cytoplasmic strands. Cl/100 Desired Date of Arrival can be entered during …
Buy Good Health Naturally AstaXanthin online. Possibly the most potent natural antioxidant ever discovered. Many times more powerful than vitamin E
In your search to get adequate amounts of the powerful antioxidant astaxanthin in your body, you are planning to have start getting those commercially
Global Astaxanthin Market: This market research report focuses on Past-Current Size, Shares, Trends, Price, & Forecast 2017-2022.
Celebrity physician Dr. Oz recently touted astaxanthin as The #1 Supplement Youve Never Heard of That You Should Be Taking. An abundance of fresh s
With the global astaxanthin market projected to reach $1.1 billion by 2020, scientists are doubling down on research in new health areas. 1
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Both my brother and I have been taking BioAstin, he more religiously than me. He is a champion dart player, and swears that he can see better than he ever has before. I have not taken it on an everyday basis like he has, but I truly think that I have reaped some benefits from it as well. I have a pediatric endotropic strabismus - right eye....fancy for lazy eye, and I think things are actually better. This is a very good product. Please keep it in stock! ...
NOW Astaxanthin is a natural carotenoid that, because of its unique ability to cross the blood-brain barrier, provides a wide range of antioxidant benefits.
Deva Vegan Astaxanthin Super Anti-Oxidant is an antioxidant formula that has been shown to be up to 500 times more powerful than vitamin E and more than 10 times as poten...
Algae Health Sciences, Inc.announced the results of a clinical trial studying the effects of astaxanthin on the heart rate of runners.
The brain, however, to the exclusion of all other carotenoids prefers lutein. The brain is picky. It doesnt let just anything in. But its been shown in crucial areas, like the hippocampus, which is the gateway to forming memories, lutein is the one, 50 to 1 above the other. ...
Experience the power of one of natures most powerful antioxidants as it goes to work supporting your endurance, cardio function, vision, and skin.*
Experience the power of one of natures most powerful antioxidants as it goes to work supporting your endurance, cardio function, vision, and skin.*
The effect of the microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis and Chorella zofingiensis, and synthetic astaxanthin on the gonad of the sea urchin Anthocidaris crassispina was studied. The basal diet was supplemented with H. pluvialis, C. zofingiensis, or synthetic astaxanthin, at two levels of astaxanthin (approximately 400 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg), to obtain the experimental diets HP1, HP2, CZ1, CZ2, AST1, and AST2, respectively, for two months of feeding experiment. The results showed that the concentrations of astaxanthin in the gonads of the sea urchins fed these experimental diets ranged from 0.15 to 3.01 mg/kg dry gonad weight. The higher astaxanthin levels (|2.90 mg/kg) were found in the gonads of the sea urchins fed the diets HP1 (containing 380 mg/kg of astaxanthins, mostly mono- and diesters) and AST1 (containing 385 mg/kg of synthetic astaxanthin). The lowest astaxanthin level (0.15 mg/kg) was detected in the gonads of the sea urchins fed the diet CZ2 (containing 98 mg/kg of astaxanthins, mostly diesters)
A method for inhibiting and/or ameliorating the occurrence of diseases in a human subject whereby a subject is administered a carotenoid analog or derivative, either alone or in combination with another carotenoid analog or derivative. In some embodiments, the administration of analogs or derivatives of carotenoids may inhibit and/or ameliorate the occurrence of diseases in subjects. In some embodiments, analogs or derivatives of carotenoids may be water-soluble and/or water dispersible. Maladies that may be treated with analogs or derivatives of carotenoids embodied herein may include diseases that provoke or trigger an inflammatory response. In an embodiment, asthma may be treated with analogs or derivatives of carotenoids embodied herein. In an embodiment, administering analogs or derivatives of carotenoids embodied herein to a subject may control or affect the bioavailability of eicosanoids. In an embodiment, atherosclerosis may be treated with analogs or derivatives of carotenoids embodied herein.
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Pet Astaxanthin is a powerful antioxidant for dogs and cats that helps your pets body fight off the harmful effects of oxidation from free radicals.
10 mg of Free Lutein from Lutein Esters Promotes Macular Health* Free Radical Protection* Lutein is an orange-red carotenoid pigment produced by plants and is p
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To back-up my claims:. The conventional methods of reducing inflammation such as NSAIDS, is not good enough. Since, 1999, the New England Journal of Medicine, has reported that NSAIDS are as fatal as AIDS. NSAID like Vioxx, is reported to have caused 60,000 people to death.. Kiran Recommends Pink Carotenoid:. Carotenoid are responsible for different food hues. From violet-red of beets, to bright green of pepper to rich red of tomato. Although, there are 700 carotenoids, only 10 are easily present in our bloodstream. These carotenoids are not just food colors.. One such, super potent carotenoid is astaxanthin, which is present in "haematococcus pluvialis. Astaxanithin has UV protecting radiations for algae, when nutrients, and water are scarce. Best sources for astaxanthin are salmon, shellfish, and krill; or you can eat microalgae as the direct source of astaxanthin. Pink salmon is pink as it feeds on astaxanthin. So, its immensely rich in astaxanithin.. Antioxidant Potency Value:. Astaxanthin ...
BACKGROUND: Comparisons of hormones such as dihydrotestosterone (DHT), estradiol (E2), and testosterone indicate their impact on metabolism and body composition. While less is known regarding DHT and E2, testosterone is an androgenic metabolic hormone capable of positively regulating a variety of anabolic and androgenic processes in the body. Accordingly, it has been postulated that the age-related reduction in serum testosterone levels leads to reductions in lean muscle mass, bone mineral density, and other physical conditions that impair physical performance and decrease quality of life. Preliminary studies suggest that key ingredients found in Resettin /MyTosterone , a natural supplement containing the carotenoid astaxanthin from Haematococcus pluvialis and Saw Palmetto berry lipid extract from Serenoa repens, could positively impact testosterone levels. To investigate the clinical efficacy of Resettin , the serum profiles of testosterone, E2 and DHT in healthy sedentary males before and ...
Venado, Rafael E.; Owens, Brenda F.; Ortiz, Darwin; Lawson, Tyler; Mateos-Hernandez, Maria; Ferruzzi, Mario G.; and Rocheford, Torbert R. 2017. Genetic analysis of provitamin A carotenoid β-cryptoxanthin concentration and relationship with other carotenoids in maize grain (Zea mays L.). Molecular Breeding (2017) 37:127. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11032-017-0723-8 ...
Aging makes your skin vulnerable to oxidation. However, astaxanthin is an antioxidant that effectively protects your skin from oxidation. This process helps keep the cells in the body such as your skin cells looking younger and more vibrant. It is believed by researchers that the substance repairs the DNA and the protein in your cells to re-energize them and prevent many of the common visual signs of aging. It ultimately increases the moisture levels in the skin and rejuvenates its elasticity. The appearance of age spots, wrinkles, and freckles improve dramatically. The skins moisture levels, elasticity, and smoothness also become more noticeable after using the carotenoid supplement.. The natural carotenoid also appears to inhibit the damage caused by UV-A light by reducing the secretion of IL-6. This is extremely promising when it comes to protecting your skin from the aging effects of the sun. The effects of the sun are well known to cause wrinkled and sagging skin, especially after ...
Astaxanthin is an aquatic carotenoid like fucoxanthin, but is the red pigment in salmon and krill; the most stable of all carotenoids and touted to aid in eye health and inflammation. Limited human evidence, but it appears to be a better carotenoid than the more researched lutein and zeaxanthin.
Benefits of Astaxanthin, a very potent carotenoid antioxidant found in salmon, lobsters, shrimp and other marine life, support cardiovascular health, immune system and eye health.
In treating cancer with chemotherapy or radiation, both of which can damage healthy cells as they attack cancer cells, beta-carotene taken with other carotenoids, such as lycopene, and antioxidants such as vitamins C and E, may help to protect the body.
The present study reports the localization and interaction of thioglycolic acid (TGA) capped CdTe quantum dots ([email protected] QDs) within the extracellular matrix (ECM) of Haematococcus pluvialis (Chlorophyceae) microalgae (HPM) after an incubation period of 5 min. Changes in the Raman spectrum of HPM induced by the adsorption of the [email protected] QDs are successfully found by using naked gold anisotropic structures as nano-sensors for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS effect). Raman spectroscopy results show that [email protected] QDs interact with the biomolecules present in the ECM. Sample preparation and characterization by complementary techniques such as confocal and electron microscopy are also used to confirm the presence and localization of the nanoparticles in the algae. This research shows new evidence on early accumulation of QDs in plant cells and would further improve our understanding about their environmental impact.. © 2016 The Author(s). PDF Article ...
Carotenoids are natural pigments which are synthesized by plants and are responsible for the bright colors of various fruits and vegetables. There are several dozen carotenoids in the foods that we eat, and most of these carotenoids have antioxidant activity. β-carotene has been best studied since, in most countries it is the most common carotenoid in fruits and vegetables. However, in the U.S., lycopene from tomatoes now is consumed in approximately the same amount as β-carotene. Antioxidants (including carotenoids) have been studied for their ability to prevent chronic disease. β-carotene and others carotenoids have antioxidant properties in vitro and in animal models. Mixtures of carotenoids or associations with others antioxidants (e.g. vitamin E) can increase their activity against free radicals. The use of animals models for studying carotenoids is limited since most of the animals do not absorb or metabolize carotenoids similarly to humans. Epidemiologic studies have shown an inverse ...
In recent years, the use of new scientific techniques has effectively improved aquaculture production processes. Astaxanthin has various properties in aquaculture and its antioxidant benefits have been closely related to stress resistance; besides, it is an essential factor for growth in many crustaceans and fish. The objective of this study was to evaluate the resistance of prawn (Macrobrachium nipponense) fed diets containing different amounts of astaxanthin (AX) to the shock and stress of different physicochemical environments. A 70-day trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of supplementation of a source of astaxanthin (Carophyll Pink, 10% astaxanthin, w/w, Hoffman-La Roche, Switzerland) at various levels in the diet of M. nipponense juveniles. Four dry diets were prepared: AX0 without astaxanthin, AX50 with 50mg/kg, AX100 with 100mg/kg, and AX150 with 150mg/kg astaxanthin. The feeding trial was conducted in a recirculation water system consisting of 12 fiberglass tanks (1 000L) used for ...
Another reviewer mentioned the weird pink color and slimy texture as seeming old fashioned - Puncture an Astaxanthin supplement and that pink oil is what will come out! This natural carotenoid is what makes good-for-you Salmon pink. The Madre Labs serum smells like the real thing, too, so you know that its definitely in here, ready to penetrate your skin! As for the slight sliminess, thats also from the oily texture of this antioxidant found in seafood. Now for my experience with it: Ive dutifully tried all kinds of natural eye creams, vitamin A serums, etc; I never expected a serum I bought on sale to simply try out (for the rarity of astaxanthin in a skin cream) to have given my delicate eye area the positive experience this has. It definitely tightens, as other reviewers mentioned. If you dont like your skin feeling tight just use a dab. A little goes a long way. But my absolute favorite part: It instantly gives my face a youthful, natural, flowery glow. As if Ive just powdered my ...
Aeterna Gold Timeless Beauty provides Astaxanthin, the ultimate skin protecting antioxidant. It Can help protect skin against harmful excess free radicals and UV light.
Astaxanthin is a powerful antioxidant supplement to prevent free radical damage & oxidative stress. Benefits for health, skin & anti-aging mechanisms.
Carotenoids are organic pigments, occurring in the chloroplasts and chromoplasts of plants and some other photosynthetic organisms like algae, some bacteria. Carotenoids and Anti cancers In the investigation of the molecular basis of interaction of selected carotenoids and xanthophylls with ascorbic acid on cancer cells, found that Several carotenoids inhibited the multidrug resistance of cancer …. ...
Visit GNC for ZanthoSyn, a form of the antioxidant supplement astaxanthin. This safe anti inflammatory may support liver, joint health & more. GNC
Sure, I take a lot of natural supplements. I drink aloe vera every day (my recommended source for premium-quality dried aloe gel is www.GoodCauseWellness.com by the way), and aloe helps your blood carry more oxygen. And yes, I dont eat oxidizing fried foods, or trans fatty acids, or sugar, and I dont take pharmaceuticals of any kind, and yes, my blood flows like water because I gobble a lot of fish oils, and I get all kinds of vitamin D from the sun. So sure, I have a lot of factors going into healthy blood (astaxanthin certainly isnt the only one) that creates this athletic effect, but the point is Im only human, just like you, and if I can make my cardiovascular system pump along effortlessly, filling my cells with seemingly unlimited oxygen during exercise, then you can experience similar benefits. Were 99.98% genetically identical, after all. My heart is pretty much the same as your heart. The only difference is what we choose to feed it! ...
Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy (NIR) was employed to estimate the concentrations of cells, astaxanthin and glucose in the culture broth of Phaffia rhodozyma. The culture broth (119 samples) wa
GNLD Londons Carotenoid complex has been proven by the CDC to lead to a dramatic 37% increase in immune function in just 21 days! GNLD Carotenoid Complete is the first and only product to deliver the full spectrum of carotenoids in a natural supplement! Each and every capsule provides the phytonutrinet value of an optimal serving of a wide variety of carotenoid-rich fruits and vegetables.
In supporting the fight against free radicals: 65 times more powerful than vitamin C, 54 times more than beta-carotene, 14 times more than vitamin E.
Explore Carotenoid benefits, also known as Lutein. Carotenoid has antioxidant properties, which are use for protecting the skin against harmful free-radicals.
File Title: First Report of Phytophthora pluvialis Causing Needle Loss and Shoot Dieback on Douglas-fir in Oregon and New Zealand Plant Disease ...
Increased intake of the carotenoids lycopene and zeaxanthin may improve the mental performance of the elderly, according to a new study from France.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Astaxanthin inhibits nitric oxide production and inflammatory gene expression by suppressing IκB kinase-dependent NF-κB activation. AU - Lee, Seon Jin. AU - Bai, Se Kyung. AU - Lee, Kwang Soon. AU - Namkoong, Seung. AU - Na, Hee Jun. AU - Ha, Kwon Soo. AU - Han, Jeong A.. AU - Yim, Sung Vin. AU - Chang, Kwang. AU - Kwon, Young-Guen. AU - Lee, Sung Ki. AU - Kim, Young Myeong. PY - 2003/8/1. Y1 - 2003/8/1. N2 - Astaxanthin, a carotenoid without vitamin A activity, has shown anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities; however, its molecular action and mechanism have not been elucidated. We examined in vitro and in vivo regulatory function of astaxanthin on production of nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) as well as expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS), cycIooxygenase-2, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β). Astaxanthin inhibited the expression or formation production of these pro-inflammatory mediators and cytokines in both ...
A start-up biotech company from South Africa, Cape Carotene, has received funding from Cape Biotech to develop technologies to produce astaxanthin, a powerful antioxidant and dietary supplement used in aquaculture, from algae. According to a report in the Cape Business News:. The algae will be grown in small, shallow ponds for a short period. The algal strain has been derived from fresh water culture collections which has been adapted for commercial use. Once grown, the algae will be stressed by changing the growth conditions which induces it to synthesize astaxanthin. Astaxanthin is produced by the cells as a secondary metabolite, which is only found in a specific cell state. The algal cells are then harvested and processed.. Although Cape Carotenes immediate target is to export the naturally produced astaxanthin to European fish and feed industries, the company also plan to develop it as a nutraceutical for human consumption. Because of its antioxidative properties, much research has been ...
Get BioAstins purest variety of Astaxanthin at http://amzn.to/2fbTBk3. This the natural way-happening carotenoid which is found in algae, shrimp, lobster, krill, crab and salmon is known as Astaxanthin (pronounced "asta-ZAN-thin"). Astaxanthin, dubbed the "king of the carotenoids" is crimson, and is accountable for turning salmon, crab, lobster and shrimp flesh pink and is natures most potent antioxidant in the environment.. In the animal kingdom, astaxanthin is found in the highest concentration in the muscle groups of salmon. Experts theorize astaxanthin can help offer the endurance these outstanding animals will need to swim upstream.. For human beings, astaxanthin is a potent antioxidant with wide health implications and as opposed to other anti-oxidants, such as beta carotene, zeaxanthin, vitamin E, C, D and selenium, astaxanthin hardly ever results in being pro-oxidant in the physique. In actuality, astaxanthin is 550 occasions stronger than vitamin E, 800 occasions a lot more potent ...
Pyxicephalus pluvialis Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 534. Types: Not stated, but presumably ZSIC; reported as lost by Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 67. ZSI A9074 designated neotype by Dahanukar, Sulakhe, and Padhye, 2017, J. Threatened Taxa, 9: 10272. Type locality: Carnatic, South India. Neotype from India: Tamil Nadu: Thiruadisoolam near Pattaravakkam (12.696°N, 80.030°E). Pyxicephalus fodiens Jerdon, 1853, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 22: 534. Types: Not stated, but presumably ZSIC; reported as lost by Jerdon, 1870, Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1870: 67. ZSI A9074 designated neotype by Dahanukar, Sulakhe, and Padhye, 2017, J. Threatened Taxa, 9: 10272. Type locality: Carnatic [South India] . . . . also Ceylon. Neotype from India: Tamil Nadu: Thiruadisoolam near Pattaravakkam (12.696°N, 80.030°E). Synonymy with Sphaerotheca breviceps by Anderson, 1871, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1871: 200. Provisional synonymy with Sphaerotheca breviceps by Dubois, 1983, Alytes, 2: ...
Handelman=20 and associates28 noted carotenoids concentration in the = macula to be=20 5-fold higher compared to peripheral retina and 500 times more than the=20 concentration in other tissues.29 Lutein is the major = carotenoid in=20 the peripheral retina, whereas zeaxanthin becomes more and more dominant = as the=20 foveal centre is approached. The proportion of lutein to zeaxanthin in = macula is=20 1:2 and the proportion is reversed in the peripheral = retina.30 The=20 distribution of xanthophyll carotenoids suggests a possible role of = lutein in=20 protecting the rods and for zeaxanthin in protecting the cones that are=20 concentrated in the central retina.31 The human lens = carotenoids=20 content is 10-20 ng/gm of wet tissue, and the ratio is 1.6:2.2 for = lutein and=20 zeaxanthin.29 ...
Asymmetrically cleaves beta-carotene at the 9,10 double bond resulting in the formation of beta-apo-10-carotenal and beta-ionone. Besides beta-carotene, lycopene is also oxidatively cleaved. The apocarotenals formed by this enzyme may be the precursors for the biosynthesis of retinoic acid or exert unknown physiological effects ...
This page contains citations on Beta-carotene and its health benefits Updated 7-13-2017 http://www.chiro.org/nutrition/ABSTRACTS/Beta_carotene.shtml
Lutein dan Zeaxanthin adalah Zat Makanan untuk Mata | Lutein dan Zeaxanthin, 2 jenis zat makanan yang sering dikatakan sangat penting bagi memelihara kesihatan
20 mg (with Zeaxanthin 1000 mcg) With increasing consumer awareness about the key benefits of Lutein, the vital nutritive carotenoid for supporting

Identification of products from canthaxanthin oxidationIdentification of products from canthaxanthin oxidation

Canthaxanthin is a carotenoid that lacks pro-vitamin A activity but is known to have antioxidant activity. The products of its ... Identification of products from canthaxanthin oxidation. Item metadata. dc.contributor.author. Mordi, Raphael C.. ... The product profile resembles that obtained in the oxidation of β-carotene, except that with canthaxanthin these products are ... Epoxides and diepoxides were clearly identified from β-carotene oxidation but in contrast, with canthaxanthin, apart from 5,6- ...
more infohttps://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/9814?show=full

Canthaxanthin - WikipediaCanthaxanthin - Wikipedia

Canthaxanthin is not found in wild Atlantic Salmon, but is a minor carotenoid in Pacific Salmon. Canthaxanthin is used in farm- ... Canthaxanthin is a potent lipid-soluble antioxidant. The biological functions of canthaxanthin are related, at least in part, ... Canthaxanthin is used in combination with astaxanthin for some salmon feeds. The antioxidant characteristics of canthaxanthin ... as a link had been drawn between canthaxanthin and human health, it was important that the use of canthaxanthin as a feed and ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canthaxanthin

Canthaxanthin ColorCanthaxanthin Color

Canthaxanthin. Canthaxanthin is a carotenoid pigment widely distributed in nature. Carotenoids belong to a larger class of ... The chemical formula of canthaxanthin is C40H52O2. It has E number E161g and is approved for use in the EU and USA however it ... In the EU, canthaxanthin is allowed by law to be added to sausages of Strasbourg (mainly to those exported to France), as well ...
more infohttps://foodcolor.com/canthaxanthin-color

Canthaxanthin Retinopathy: A Long-term Observation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govCanthaxanthin Retinopathy: A Long-term Observation - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Canthaxanthin Retinopathy: A Long-term Observation. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of ... Canthaxanthin retinopathy was first described in 1982 by Cortin et al. In Germany the office of the federal board of health ... Canthaxanthin. Antioxidants. Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action. Protective Agents. Physiological Effects of Drugs ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01128062

Global Canthaxanthin Sales Market Report 2018 : ReportsnReportsGlobal Canthaxanthin Sales Market Report 2018 : ReportsnReports

In this report, the global Canthaxanthin market is valued at... ... 103 Pages Report] Check for Discount on Global Canthaxanthin ... Global Canthaxanthin Sales Market Report 2018 Table of Contents. Global Canthaxanthin Sales Market Report 2018. 1 Canthaxanthin ... Table Global Canthaxanthin Sales (K MT) and Market Share by Type (2013-2018). Table Global Canthaxanthin Sales Share (K MT) by ... 2.2 Global Canthaxanthin (Volume and Value) by Type. 2.2.1 Global Canthaxanthin Sales and Market Share by Type (2013-2018). 2.2 ...
more infohttp://www.reportsnreports.com/reports/1322682-global-canthaxanthin-sales-market-report-2018.html

WO2005056507A2 - Method for producing astaxanthin and canthaxanthin intermediate products 
        - Google PatentsWO2005056507A2 - Method for producing astaxanthin and canthaxanthin intermediate products - Google Patents

Canthaxanthin liegt daher in der chemischen Synthese. Therefore, the most productive access to astaxanthin or canthaxanthin is ... Verfahren zur Herstellung von Astaxanthin- und Canthaxanthin-Vorprodukten A process for producing astaxanthin and canthaxanthin ... beschrieben. Acta 64 (1981), 2436 et seq.. Die Synthese von Canthaxanthin ist Gegenstand der DE-A-26 25 259. The synthesis of ... Method for producing astaxanthin and canthaxanthin intermediate products Publications (2). Publication Number. Publication Date ...
more infohttps://patents.google.com/patent/WO2005056507A2/en

Pigment Canthaxanthin from the bacteria Dietzia natronolimnaea HS-1 | A Listly ListPigment Canthaxanthin from the bacteria Dietzia natronolimnaea HS-1 | A Listly List

Canthaxanthin has multiples uses in the pharmaceutical industry. β‐carotene and canthaxanthin in a dose of 75-250 mg a day by ... Canthaxanthin is the dominant pigment source in dry pelleted diets for salmon and trout. The plumage color is caused by ... Evaluation of oral canthaxanthin as an artificial pigment for the management of vitiligo revealed it was a "very satisfactory" ... Canthaxanthin is used as a food‐coloring agent, a photoprotective agent in certain photodermatoses, a tan‐ simulating agent, ...
more infohttps://list.ly/list/3um4-pigment-canthaxanthin-from-the-bacteria-dietzia-natronolimnaea-hs-1

Dietary canthaxanthin reduces xanthophyll uptake and red coloration in adult red-legged partridges | Journal of Experimental...Dietary canthaxanthin reduces xanthophyll uptake and red coloration in adult red-legged partridges | Journal of Experimental...

Canthaxanthin is one of the most common ketocarotenoids in red ornaments of animals. It is often commercially used as a dietary ... Dietary canthaxanthin reduces xanthophyll uptake and red coloration in adult red-legged partridges ... We also tested the potential protective effect of canthaxanthin when exposing birds to a free radical generator (diquat). ... Dietary canthaxanthin reduces xanthophyll uptake and red coloration in adult red-legged partridges ...
more infohttp://jeb.biologists.org/content/221/22/jeb185074

Canthaxanthin - Semantic ScholarCanthaxanthin - Semantic Scholar

Oral ingestion of the compound causes canthaxanthin retinopathy. ... Canthaxanthin induces apoptosis in human cancer cell lines.. * ... Canthaxanthin. Known as: Canthaxanthin [Chemical/Ingredient], Canthaxanthine, beta,beta-Carotene-4,4-dione ... To investigate the possibility that canthaxanthin inhibits cancer cell growth by inducing apoptosis, human WiDr colon… (More) ... The anticancer activities of beta-carotene, astaxanthin and canthaxanthin against the growth of mammary tumors were studied in ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/topic/Canthaxanthin/52615

Canthaxanthin Market -  Global Industry Analysis Report, Share, Size, Growth, Price Trends and Forecast, 2024: Global Market...Canthaxanthin Market - Global Industry Analysis Report, Share, Size, Growth, Price Trends and Forecast, 2024: Global Market...

Canthaxanthin is added at a concentration of around 80 mg per kilo in feedstuff for maintaining proper pigmentation is farmed ... Canthaxanthin Market size may generate significant growth up to 2024 owing to increasing application scope in food and ... JECFA considered canthaxanthin usage as feed colorant. The International Agency of Research on Cancer (IARC) has not evaluated ... Insufficient canthaxanthin levels in animal may affect animal health and impact product color which shortfalls in customer ...
more infohttp://www.abnewswire.com/pressreleases/canthaxanthin-market-global-industry-analysis-report-share-size-growth-price-trends-and-forecast-2024-global-market-insights-inc_84054.html

514-78-3 |  Canthaxanthin | ChemScene llc514-78-3 | Canthaxanthin | ChemScene llc

Tags:Canthaxanthin supplier,Canthaxanthin purchase,Canthaxanthin manufacturer,Canthaxanthin sigma,Canthaxanthin distributor, ... In Vivo: Canthaxanthin alters the protective ability of tissues against oxidative stress. Canthaxanthin treatment for 15 d at ... and the canthaxanthin-treated group receives canthaxanthin at a dose of 14 μg/kg body weight per day. At the end of the ... activities are higher in canthaxanthin-treated mice than in controls[3]. Canthaxanthin inhibit the growth of mammary tumors in ...
more infohttp://chemscene.com/514-78-3.html

Canthaxanthin [514-78-3]Chengdu Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd.Canthaxanthin [514-78-3]Chengdu Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd.

Chengdu Biopurify offers Canthaxanthin [514-78-3] - Synonym name: Beta,Beta-Carotene-4,4-dione;... Customizes high quality ...
more infohttp://www.biopurify.com/canthaxanthin-p-5161.html

Protect Your Cells From Free Radicals And More With The Xanthophyll CanthaxanthinProtect Your Cells From Free Radicals And More With The Xanthophyll Canthaxanthin

You are at:Home»LEGACY»Protect Your Cells From Free Radicals And More With The Xanthophyll Canthaxanthin ... The research on canthaxanthin is still in the very early stages. Whilst there is very little information available on this ... As discussed above, canthaxanthin is a highly effective antioxidant that can keep your bodys cells safe from free radicals. ... Canthaxanthin is a xanthophyll and phytonutrient (health boosting, plant based chemical compounds) that can be sourced from ...
more infohttps://gotgravy.com/protect-your-cells-from-free-radicals-and-more-with-the-xanthophyll-canthaxanthin/

antioxidants Archives - Free Fitness Tipsantioxidants Archives - Free Fitness Tips

Canthaxanthin Explained. Leave a Comment WHAT IS CANTHAXANTHIN? Canthaxanthin is a carotenoid and phytonutrient. It is most ... WHAT IS THE HISTORY OF CANTHAXANTHIN? Canthaxanthin was discovered by the British chemist Basil Weedon in 1970 along with a ... WHAT ARE THE HEALTH BENEFITS OF CANTHAXANTHIN? Canthaxanthin is a powerful antioxidant that can protect the bodys cells … [ ... Filed Under: Xanthophylls Tagged With: antioxidants, canthaxanthin, carotenoids, phytochemicals, phytonutrients, xanthophylls. ...
more infohttps://freefitnesstips.co.uk/tag/antioxidants/

List of phytochemicals in food - WikipediaList of phytochemicals in food - Wikipedia

yellow pigments Canthaxanthin paprika. Cryptoxanthin to vitamin A mango, tangerine, orange, papaya, peaches, avocado, pea, ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_phytochemicals_in_food

understand the label: Coca-Cola Indiaunderstand the label: Coca-Cola India

Natural Food Colour (Canthaxanthin):. Canthaxanthin is a colouring matter used in food and beverage. Canthaxanthin is ...
more infohttps://www.coca-colaindia.com/brands/understand-the-label-mixed-fruit

Antioxidant Red, Antioxidant Red Suppliers and Manufacturers at Alibaba.comAntioxidant Red, Antioxidant Red Suppliers and Manufacturers at Alibaba.com

WELLGREEN Cantaxantina beadlet 10% food grade Canthaxanthin red colorant and antioxidant Ad ...
more infohttp://www.alibaba.com/showroom/antioxidant-red.html

Wiley: Food Additives Data Book, 2nd Edition - Jim Smith, Lily Hong-ShumWiley: Food Additives Data Book, 2nd Edition - Jim Smith, Lily Hong-Shum

List of Contributors. How to Use This Book.. Part 1 Acidulants.. Acetic acid.. Adipic acid.. Caprylic acid.. Citric acid.. Dehydroacetic acid.. Fumaric acid.. Glucono-delta-lactone.. Lactic acid.. Malic acid.. Phosphoric acid.. Propionic acid.. Sodium diacetate.. Succinic acid.. Tartaric acid.. Part 2 Antioxidants.. Ascorbic acid and isomers (L-ascorbic acid and erythorbic acid).. Ascorbyl palmitate.. Beta-carotene.. Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA).. Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT).. Tert-Butylhydroquinone (TBHQ).. Calcium ascorbate.. Citric acid and its salts.. Ethoxyquin.. Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA).. Propyl gallate (PG).. Rosemary extract; natural spice extract.. Sodium ascorbate.. L-Tartaric acid.. Tea extract.. Tocopherols, mixed a (DL), g and d (synthetic).. Tocopherol, mixed natural concentrate.. Part 3 Colourings.. Alkanet.. Allura Red AC.. Aluminium.. Amaranth.. Ammonia caramel.. Annatto.. Anthocyanin.. Beetroot Red.. Beta-apo-80-carotenal (C30).. Black iron oxide.. Brilliant ...
more infohttp://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-1405195436.html

Molecules  | Free Full-Text | Cancer Chemoprevention by Carotenoids | HTMLMolecules | Free Full-Text | Cancer Chemoprevention by Carotenoids | HTML

... canthaxanthin and astaxanthin, have been proven to have anti-carcinogenic activity in several tissues, although high doses of β ... Canthaxanthin. Canthaxanthin was first isolated from the edible mushroom, Cantharellus cinnabarinus. In addition, canthaxanthin ... Canthaxanthin. Epidemiological data on canthaxanthin in disease prevention is lacking. However, this carotenoid has exhibited ... Canthaxanthin has also proved effective in inhibiting both oral and colon carcinogenesis in rats [156,157]. Canthaxanthin and ...
more infohttps://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/17/3/3202/htm

Fact.MR - press releases - openPR.comFact.MR - press releases - openPR.com

Canthaxanthin Market- Latest Innovations, Drivers and Industry Key Events 2018- 2028. Canthaxanthin Market: An Overview ... Canthaxanthin is a colour or dye similar to the pigment that makes carrots orange. It occurs naturally, but can also be sourced ...
more infohttps://www.openpr.com/news/archive/162855/27/Fact-MR.html

Animal feed additives | Food Standards AgencyAnimal feed additives | Food Standards Agency

Canthaxanthin in animal feed. Canthaxanthin may be used in animal feed to colour food products for human consumption, such as ... Maximum levels of canthaxanthin in animal feed. An assessment for canthaxanthin was last undertaken by the European Food Safety ... Canthaxanthin is authorised as a food colourant. At present there are no requirements to label canthaxanthin in food which came ... Previous use of canthaxanthin as a feed colour for salmon and trout, other fish, pet animals and other non-food-producing ...
more infohttps://www.food.gov.uk/business-guidance/animal-feed-additives

Food colours (Book, 2008) [WorldCat.org]Food colours (Book, 2008) [WorldCat.org]

1.7 Canthaxanthin. --. 1.8 Caramel. --. 1.9 Carmine. --. 1.10 Chlorophyll. --. 1.11 Copper complexes of chlorophyllins. --. ... 1.7 Canthaxanthin. -- 1.8 Caramel. -- 1.9 Carmine. -- 1.10 Chlorophyll. -- 1.11 Copper complexes of chlorophyllins. -- 1.12 ...
more infohttp://www.worldcat.org/title/food-colours/oclc/192055928

Engineering of tomato for the sustainable production of ketocarotenoids and its evaluation in aquaculture feed | PNASEngineering of tomato for the sustainable production of ketocarotenoids and its evaluation in aquaculture feed | PNAS

3B). The ketocarotenoids found in the ZWRI fillets were phoenicoxanthin, canthaxanthin, and some astaxanthin. Most of the ... Ketocarotenoids, such as astaxanthin or canthaxanthin, are among the highest-value carotenoid pigments on the market (2). These ... 2). The main ketocarotenoids found were phoenicoxanthin (in its free and esterified forms, ∼45%) and canthaxanthin (∼35%) (SI ... S2). Astaxanthin, phoenicoxanthin, and canthaxanthin will be described in this study as the coloring ketocarotenoids, as they ...
more infohttps://www.pnas.org/content/early/2017/09/19/1708349114.full

METHOD FOR SEPARATING CAROTENOID - JX Nippon Oil & Energy CorporationMETHOD FOR SEPARATING CAROTENOID - JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation

More preferably, the carotenoid is astaxanthin, canthaxanthin, phoenicoxanthin, adonixanthin, zeaxanthin or β-cryptoxanthin, ... Examples of carotenoids include astaxanthin, canthaxanthin, zeaxanthin, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, β-carotene, phoenicoxanthin ... canthaxanthin is used as feed additives, food additives, cosmetics and the like; and zeaxanthin is used as food additives, feed ... canthaxanthin, zeaxanthin, β-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, β-carotene, phoenicoxanthin, adonixanthin, echinenone, asteroidenone and ...
more infohttp://www.freepatentsonline.com/y2012/0059192.html

Hereditary Coproporphyria Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, DietHereditary Coproporphyria Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Diet

Canthaxanthin Carbimazole [Carpipramine HCl] Chloral hydrate [Chlormethiazole] [Chloroquine] [Chlorothiazide] Chlorpheniramine ...
more infohttps://emedicine.medscape.com/article/205374-treatment
  • The Dietzia natronolimnaea HS-1 is a bacterium that is recognized as a promising producer of natural Canthaxanthin, which is a ubiquitous keto-carotene, which is a bright orange pigment which is used in food, cosmetics and also the pharmaceutical industry. (list.ly)
  • Canthaxanthin is the dominant pigment source in dry pelleted diets for salmon and trout. (list.ly)
  • Canthaxanthin is used as a food‐coloring agent, a photoprotective agent in certain photodermatoses, a tan‐ simulating agent, and a pigment to darken vitiliginous skin. (list.ly)
  • Evaluation of oral canthaxanthin as an artificial pigment for the management of vitiligo revealed it was a "very satisfactory" agent. (list.ly)
  • Canthaxanthin Market: An Overview Canthaxanthin is a colour or dye similar to the pigment that makes carrots orange. (openpr.com)
  • In the EU, canthaxanthin is allowed by law to be added to trout feed, salmon feed and poultry feed. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the level of canthaxanthin intake in the affected individuals was many times greater than that which could ever be consumed via poultry products - to reach a similar intake, an individual would have to eat daily more than 50 eggs produced by layers fed practical levels of canthaxanthin in their diets. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the EU, canthaxanthin is allowed by law to be added to sausages of Strasbourg (mainly to those exported to France), as well as trout feed, salmon feed and poultry feed. (foodcolor.com)
  • In addition to aquaculture, canthaxanthin is also used in poultry feeds. (list.ly)
  • Current EU feed additive forms are synthetically produced, the presence of canthaxanthin is permitted in feed for poultry which can lead to a more intensely-coloured egg yolk and poultry skin/fat. (food.gov.uk)
  • Canthaxanthin retinopathy was first described in 1982 by Cortin et al. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • When taken in this unnatural form it can lead to aplastic anemia (a blood disorder where the body's bone marrow stops producing enough new blood cells), canthaxanthin retinopathy (a disorder where yellow deposits form on the retina of the eye) and urticarial (a skin rash that causes red itchy patches to develop). (gotgravy.com)
  • The first stage of this review process was completed in 1995 with the publication by Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) of an Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) for canthaxanthin of 0.03 mg/kg bodyweight. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the egg, canthaxanthin is transferred from yolk to the developing embryo where it might help to protect the developing bird against oxidative damage, particularly during the sensitive periods of hatching and early posthatch life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Canthaxanthin is a xanthophyll and phytonutrient (health boosting, plant based chemical compounds) that can be sourced from certain types of fish and mushrooms. (gotgravy.com)
  • Canthaxanthin is one of the most common ketocarotenoids in red ornaments of animals. (biologists.org)
  • Although this incidence was totally unrelated and very different from the feed or food use of canthaxanthin, as a link had been drawn between canthaxanthin and human health, it was important that the use of canthaxanthin as a feed and food additive should be reviewed in detail by the relevant authorities, both in the EU and at an international level. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1) The color additive canthaxanthin is [beta]-carotene-4,4'-dione. (fda.gov)
  • 2) Color additive mixtures for food use made with canthaxanthin may contain only those diluents that are suitable and that are listed in this subpart as safe for use in color additive mixtures for coloring foods. (fda.gov)
  • 4) The presence of the color additive in salmonid fish that have been fed feeds containing canthaxanthin shall be declared in accordance with 101.22(b), (c), and (k)(2), and 101.100(a)(2) of this chapter. (fda.gov)
  • Due to these health hazards you should avoid any sunless tanning products that list canthaxanthin as an ingredient. (gotgravy.com)
  • Effect of canthaxanthin on chemically induced mammary carcinogenesis. (chemscene.com)
  • Canthaxanthin is used in farm-raised trout. (wikipedia.org)
  • EFSA established maximum residue limits in animal feed such as 10 mg canthaxanthin per kilo muscle in salmon and 5 mg per kilo muscle in trout. (abnewswire.com)
  • Canthaxanthin can be sourced from algae, chanterelle mushrooms, various crustaceans and various fish. (gotgravy.com)
  • Although the Dietzia natronolimnaea HS-1 is the most promising bacteria for the production of canthaxanthin, it is also produced by Corynebacterium michiganense, Micrococcus roseus, Brevibacterium sp. (list.ly)
  • Production of canthaxanthin by extremely halophilic bacteria. (semanticscholar.org)
  • At concentrations of 0.1 to 1 x 1000 μM, canthaxanthin significantly reduces the overall number of tumor cells. (chemscene.com)
  • Canthaxanthin has multiples uses in the pharmaceutical industry. (list.ly)
  • We also tested the potential protective effect of canthaxanthin when exposing birds to a free radical generator (diquat). (biologists.org)
  • Canthaxanthin is added at a concentration of around 80 mg per kilo in feedstuff for maintaining proper pigmentation is farmed fish species such as salmons. (abnewswire.com)
  • The greatest inhibition is observed at a canthaxanthin concentration of 1000 after 72 h and 96 h of incubation . (chemscene.com)
  • β‐carotene and canthaxanthin in a dose of 75-250 mg a day by mouth reduced the symptoms of exposure to the sun in all 7 treated patients with erythrohepatic protoporphyria (EPP). (list.ly)
  • The control group receives olive oil alone (vehicle) and the canthaxanthin-treated group receives canthaxanthin at a dose of 14 μg/kg body weight per day. (chemscene.com)
  • Diet supplementation with canthaxanthin for 3 weeks prior to the carcinogen results in a 65% reduction in the number of mammary cancers by a mechanism not involving pro-vitamin A activity . (chemscene.com)
  • Rise in livestock production owing to rise in fish and meat consumption should drive canthaxanthin market size. (abnewswire.com)
  • Glutathione peroxidase activity is 35% lower and catalase (59%) and manganese superoxide dismutase (28%) activities are higher in canthaxanthin-treated mice than in controls . (chemscene.com)
  • The conclusion of both these committees was that canthaxanthin is safe for humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Insufficient canthaxanthin levels in animal may affect animal health and impact product color which shortfalls in customer expectations. (abnewswire.com)
  • Increasing seafood demand along with rising health awareness may fuel canthaxanthin market growth. (abnewswire.com)
  • Inhibitory effects of canthaxanthin on in vitro growth of murine tumor cells. (chemscene.com)
  • Not only will fish provide you with canthaxanthin but it will also give you plenty of other health boosting nutrients such as omega 3 essential fatty acids, protein and a wide range of vitamins and minerals. (gotgravy.com)
  • There are no reported overdose symptoms associated with canthaxanthin sourced from natural foods. (gotgravy.com)
  • Fe3+, Cu2+ and Zn2+) selected from Plackett-Burman design to achieve the highest level of canthaxanthin in Dietzia natronolimnaea HS-1 was determined by application of a response surface methodology (RSM). (list.ly)
  • By means RSM the optimum conditions to achieve the highest level of canthaxanthin (8923±18 µg/L) were determined as follows: Fe3+ 30 ppm, Cu2+ 28.75 ppm and Zn2+ 27 ppm. (list.ly)