Biological Control Agents
Arthropods of the class ARACHNIDA, order Araneae. Except for mites and ticks, spiders constitute the largest order of arachnids, with approximately 37,000 species having been described. The majority of spiders are harmless, although some species can be regarded as moderately harmful since their bites can lead to quite severe local symptoms. (From Barnes, Invertebrate Zoology, 5th ed, p508; Smith, Insects and Other Arthropods of Medical Importance, 1973, pp424-430)
Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)
Health Care Reform
Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.
The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The doctrines and policies of the Nazis or the National Social German Workers party, which ruled Germany under Adolf Hitler from 1933-1945. These doctrines and policies included racist nationalism, expansionism, and state control of the economy. (from Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. and American Heritage College Dictionary, 3d ed.)
Dictionaries as Topic
United States Department of Agriculture
A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
Neanderthal cannibalism at Moula-Guercy, Ardeche, France. (1/63)The cave site of Moula-Guercy, 80 meters above the modern Rhone River, was occupied by Neanderthals approximately 100,000 years ago. Excavations since 1991 have yielded rich paleontological, paleobotanical, and archaeological assemblages, including parts of six Neanderthals. The Neanderthals are contemporary with stone tools and faunal remains in the same tightly controlled stratigraphic and spatial contexts. The inference of Neanderthal cannibalism at Moula-Guercy is based on comparative analysis of hominid and ungulate bone spatial distributions, modifications by stone tools, and skeletal part representations. (+info)
Electrolocation-communication discharges of the fish Gymnotus carapo L. (Gymnotidae: Gymnotiformes) during behavioral sleep. (2/63)Technical problems have hampered the study of sleep in teleosts. The electrical discharges of Gymnotus carapo L. (Gymnotidae: Gymnotiformes) were monitored to evaluate their ease and reliability as parameters to study sleep. The discharges were detected by electrodes immersed in a glass aquarium and were recorded on a conventional polygraph. G. carapo showed conspicuous signs of behavioral sleep. During these periods, opercular beat rates were counted, electric discharges recorded, and the "sharp discharge increase" (SDI) of the orienting reflex was investigated. All 20 animals monitored maintained electrical discharges during behavioral sleep. The discharge frequencies during sleep (50.3 +/- 10.4 Hz) were not significantly different from those observed when the fish was awake and inactive (57.2 +/- 12.1 Hz) (Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-ranks test, P>0.05). However, the SDI, which was prevalent in the awake fish, was not observed during periods of behavioral sleep. Additional observations showed that the species had cannibalistic habits. When presented with electrical discharges from a conspecific, the sleeping fish showed an initial decrease or pause in discharge frequency, while the awake fish did not have this response. We conclude that the electrical discharges of G. carapo were not conspicuous indicators of behavioral sleep. Discharges may have been maintained during sleep for sensory purposes, i.e., conspecific detection and avoidance of cannibalistic attacks. (+info)
Group selections among laboratory populations of Tribolium. (3/63)Selection at the population level or group selection is defined as genetic change that is brought about or maintained by the differential extinction and/or proliferation of populations. Group selection for both increased and decreased adult population size was carried out among laboratory populations of Tribolium castaneum at 37-day intervals. The effect of individual selection within populations on adult population size was evaluated in an additional control series of populations. The response in the group selection treatments occurred rapidly, within three or four generations, and was large in magnitude, at times differing from the controls by over 200%. This response to selection at the populational level occurred despite strong individual selection which caused a decline in the mean size of the control populations from over 200 adults to near 50 adults in nine 37-day intervals. "Assay" experiments indicated that selective changes in fecundity, developmental time, body weight, and cannibalism rates were responsible in part for the observed treatment differences in adult population size. These findings have implications in terms of speciation in organisms whose range is composed of many partially isolated local populations. (+info)
Does fitness erode in the absence of selection? An experimental test with Tribolium. (4/63)In the absence of natural selection, average fitness in the population is expected to decline due to the accumulation of deleterious mutations. Replicate populations of flour beetles (Tribolium confusum) were maintained for 22 generations in the virtual absence of selection (random mating, favorable environment, excess of food, and mortality of only 3%). Larva-to-adult survivorship rates were similar in the stock population and selection-free populations. In contrast, starvation resistance of adult beetles from selection-free populations was significantly reduced (by more than 2% per generation). When tested in the favorable environment, beetles in one selection-free population had significantly slower development and smaller sizes of females than beetles from the stock population. Since such changes in these fitness components are usually maladaptive, they indicate possible erosion of fitness under relaxed selection at the rate of 0.1-0.2% per generation. No fitness erosion was detectable in the second selection-free population. (+info)
Changes in expression and honesty of sexual signalling over the reproductive lifetime of sticklebacks. (5/63)Fitness costs of signalling are essential in order for reliable sexual signalling to prevail when the interests of the sexes conflict. This means that signalling can be subjected to a life history trade-off between present and future signalling effort. Here, I show that three-spined stickleback males (Gasterosteus aculeatus), who have a single breeding season during which they breed repeatedly, change their red nuptial coloration over the season depending on their body size at the start of breeding. Large males that completed several breeding cycles increased their red coloration over the season, whereas small males, who completed only a few cycles, did not. The increase in coloration was accompanied by an increase in parental success when males were energy constrained, but not when they had access to an unlimited food supply. Red coloration was thus an honest signal of male parental ability despite changes in signal expression when both signalling and parental care were costly and the investments in them changed simultaneously over the reproductive lifetime. However, the honesty of the signal varied over a lifetime. At the penultimate cycle, bright males cannibalized some of their eggs, probably to increase survival to the last cycle, whereas males cared for their offspring independent of coloration at the ultimate cycle. (+info)
Female control of paternity in the sexually cannibalistic spider Argiope keyserlingi. (6/63)Sexual conflict theory predicts an antagonistic coevolution, with each sex evolving adaptations and counter-adaptations to overcome a temporary dominance of the other sex over the control of paternity. Polyandry allows sexual selection to operate after mating has commenced, with male and female interests competing for control of fertilization. There are numerous examples of male control of paternity, but few studies have unambiguously revealed female control. Attributing variance in paternity to females is often difficult since male and female influences cannot be separated unambiguously. However, we show that polyandrous female orb-web spiders Argiope keserlingi (Arancidae) control the paternity of their offspring by adjusting the timing of sexual cannibalism. Our experiments reveal that females copulating with relatively smaller males delay sexual cannibalism, thereby prolonging the duration of copulation, and that these males consequently fertilize relatively more eggs. (+info)
Low metabolic rate in scorpions: implications for population biomass and cannibalism. (7/63)Scorpions are abundant in arid areas, where their population biomass may exceed that of vertebrates. Since scorpions are predators of small arthropods and feed infrequently across multi-year lifespans, a parsimonious explanation for their observed, anomalously high biomass may be a depressed metabolic rate (MR). We tested the hypothesis that scorpion MR is significantly depressed compared with that of other arthropods, and we also measured the temperature-dependence of the MR of scorpions to quantify the interaction between large seasonal variations in desert temperatures and MR and, thus, long-term metabolic expenditure. Scorpion MR increased markedly with temperature (mean Q(10)=2.97) with considerable inter-individual variation. At 25 degrees C, the MRs of scorpions from two genera were less than 24 % of those of typical terrestrial arthropods (spiders, mites, solpugids and insects) of the same mass. It is likely, therefore, that the low MR of scorpions contributes to their high biomass in arid areas. The combination of high biomass and high production efficiency associated with low MR may also favor a density-dependent "transgenerational energy storage" strategy, whereby juveniles are harvested by cannibalistic adults that may be closely related to their juvenile prey. (+info)
Genetic documentation of filial cannibalism in nature. (8/63)Cannibalism is widespread in natural populations of fishes, where the stomachs of adults frequently contain conspecific juveniles. Furthermore, field observations suggest that guardian males routinely eat offspring from their own nests. However, recent genetic paternity analyses have shown that fish nests often contain embryos not sired by the nest-tending male (because of cuckoldry events, egg thievery, or nest piracy). Such findings, coupled with the fact that several fish species have known capabilities for distinguishing kin from nonkin, raise the possibility that cannibalism by guardian males is directed primarily or exclusively toward unrelated embryos in their nests. Here, we test this hypothesis by collecting freshly cannibalized embryos from the stomachs of several nest-tending darter and sunfish males in nature and determining their genetic parentage by using polymorphic microsatellite markers. Our molecular results clearly indicate that guardian males do indeed consume their own genetic offspring, even when unrelated (foster) embryos are present within the nest. These data provide genetic documentation of filial cannibalism in nature. Furthermore, they suggest that the phenomenon may result, at least in part, from an inability of guardians to differentiate between kin and nonkin within their own nests. (+info)
Corporate Cannibalism - definition of Corporate Cannibalism by The Free Dictionary
Define Corporate Cannibalism. Corporate Cannibalism synonyms, Corporate Cannibalism pronunciation, Corporate Cannibalism translation, English dictionary definition of Corporate Cannibalism. v. can·ni·bal·ized , can·ni·bal·iz·ing , can·ni·bal·iz·es v. tr. 1. To remove serviceable parts from for use in the repair of other equipment of the same...
Cannibalism | definition of cannibalism by Medical dictionary
Looking for online definition of cannibalism in the Medical Dictionary? cannibalism explanation free. What is cannibalism? Meaning of cannibalism medical term. What does cannibalism mean?
Human cannibalism | Article about Human cannibalism by The Free Dictionary
Looking for Human cannibalism? Find out information about Human cannibalism. eating of human flesh by other humans. The charge of cannibalism is a common insult, and it is likely that some alleged cannibal groups have merely been... Explanation of Human cannibalism
Forensic analysis of 17th-century human remains at Jamestown, Va., reveals evidence of survival cannibalism | Smithsonian...
There are several hypocrisies that emerge from this discovery. One is the immediate cover that western anthros and archeologists attempt to provide for this practice by labeling it survival cannibalism. When Columbus, and later Franciscus de Vitoria, Edward Coke, and their successors, developed and applied legal justifications for the waging of just war against indigenous peoples, evidence of cannibalism was on the top of the list. The coining of the term survival cannibalism provides a Eurocentric shield to suggest that the Jamestown folks were still culturally superior to the Powahtans around therm, but that the English invaders only resorted to cannibalism as a last resort to survive. Any reasonable person would have done the same, right? The resulting implication is that he Indians, on the other hand, were permanently mired in a culturally and spiritually inferior condition (reportedly engaging in cannibalism on a regular basis), requiring remediation (or extermination, whichever ...
Not that Im thinking about trying it, but is cannibalism unhealthy? » Scienceline
A census taker once tried to test me. I ate his liver with some fava beans and a nice Chi-an-ti. My skin crawls as I hear these infamous words escape the slithering tongue of Dr. Hannibal Lecter - the fictional cannibalistic serial killer from the movie Silence of the Lambs - as he details his gruesome man-eating impulses. The vision of Lecter satiating himself on others of his kind makes me wonder how healthy that would be.. Cannibalism, the act of a species eating a member of its own kind, is believed to go as far back as prehistoric times in humans, and to have occurred all over the globe at one point or another. The Korowai tribe, which resides on the isolated island of Fiji southeastern Papua, is among the few tribes believed to still consume human flesh. So why is cannibalism not a more common practice, only occurring amid ancient or remote cultures, in times of desperation and starvation, or in our grisly fantasies? Other than the social stigma of cannibalism and, you know, the murder ...
Download Medicinal Cannibalism In Early Modern English Literature And Culture
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New recycling technology is actually CANNIBALISM: Dead people are liquefied, drained into city sewers, then dumped on food...
A more accurate description of eating recycled dead people might be cannibalism. Or, in the case of feeding dead people to plants and then eating the plants, it might be called cannibalism one-step removed. While from a scientific point of view, the idea of recycling nutrients of dead bodies back into food crops may not seem outlandish, from a humanitarian and dignity point of view, something seems incredibly inhumane and deceptive about calling it recycling.. By the same logic, humans should also be eating their own recycled feces and calling it green living. Oh wait, a new technology developed for space travel will allow astronauts to achieve exactly that: Eating their own feces. See Hey, this space lasagna tastes like crap! Astronauts to eat their own microbe-recycled human waste in latest science breakthrough.. The good news about all this, were told, is that relatives of the dead can reclaim titanium implants and other metals from the body after the liquefied remains are flushed ...
Malignancy - Intrauterine Cannibalism (1999) Lyrics - Metal Kingdom
Intrauterine Cannibalism 13 songs lyrics: Rotten Seed, Intrauterine Cannibalism, Intestinal Sodomy, Internal Corruption, Profitable Extinction, Ignorance Is Bliss, Your Life Is Shit, Oral Excrement, Waterlogged Corpse, Cerebral Tissue Extraction, Fried Afterbirth, Post Fetal Depression..
Mantis - Wikipedia
Sexual cannibalism is common among most predatory species of mantises in captivity. It has sometimes been observed in natural populations, where about a quarter of male-female encounters result in the male being eaten by the female. Around 90% of the predatory species of mantises exhibit sexual cannibalism. Adult males typically outnumber females at first, but their numbers may be fairly equivalent later in the adult stage, possibly because females selectively eat the smaller males. In Tenodera sinensis, 83% of males escape cannibalism after an encounter with a female, but since multiple matings occur, the probability of a males being eaten increases cumulatively. The female may begin feeding by biting off the males head (as they do with regular prey), and if mating has begun, the males movements may become even more vigorous in its delivery of sperm. Early researchers thought that because copulatory movement is controlled by a ganglion in the abdomen, not the head, ...
Mantis - Wikipedia
Sexual cannibalism is common among most predatory species of mantises in captivity. It has sometimes been observed in natural populations, where about a quarter of male-female encounters result in the male being eaten by the female. Around 90% of the predatory species of mantises exhibit sexual cannibalism. Adult males typically outnumber females at first, but their numbers may be fairly equivalent later in the adult stage, possibly because females selectively eat the smaller males. In Tenodera sinensis, 83% of males escape cannibalism after an encounter with a female, but since multiple matings occur, the probability of a males being eaten increases cumulatively.. The female may begin feeding by biting off the males head (as they do with regular prey), and if mating has begun, the males movements may become even more vigorous in its delivery of sperm. Early researchers thought that because copulatory movement is controlled by a ganglion in the abdomen, not the ...
EnviroLink Forum • View topic - Love me, love my rat
In zoology, cannibalism is the act of one individual of a species consuming all or part of another individual of the same species as food. Cannibalism is a common ecological interaction in the animal kingdom and has been recorded for more than 1500 species  It does not, as once believed, occur only as a result of extreme food shortages or artificial conditions, but commonly occurs under natural conditions in a variety of species. Cannibalism seems to be especially prevalent in aquatic communities, in which up to approximately 90% of the organisms engage in cannibalism at some point of the life cycle. Cannibalism is also not restricted to carnivorous species, but is commonly found in herbivores and detritivores.[2 ...
EnviroLink Forum • View topic - Love me, love my rat
In zoology, cannibalism is the act of one individual of a species consuming all or part of another individual of the same species as food. Cannibalism is a common ecological interaction in the animal kingdom and has been recorded for more than 1500 species  It does not, as once believed, occur only as a result of extreme food shortages or artificial conditions, but commonly occurs under natural conditions in a variety of species. Cannibalism seems to be especially prevalent in aquatic communities, in which up to approximately 90% of the organisms engage in cannibalism at some point of the life cycle. Cannibalism is also not restricted to carnivorous species, but is commonly found in herbivores and detritivores.[2 ...
Meal frequency is a key parameter in fish larviculture, especially in highly cannibalistic species. Knowledge of the biological bases of cannibalism (growth capacity of cannibals, morphological constraints on cannibalism, prey size preference) can help predicting the risks of cannibalism for different feeding schedules under culture conditions. This study relied on the day-by-day analysis of prey size preference and bioenergetics of individual cannibals of the catfish Pseudoplatystoma punctifer (8-65 mm standard length, SL, 0.5-400 mg dry mass, DM) at 28.5 °C under 12L:12D. The results were equated with the ontogenetic variations of morphological factors (head and mouth width) and feed efficiency of larvae feeding on Artemia nauplii, in order to calculate the risks of cannibalism among fish fed 2-7 daily meals. The predation capacities of P. punctifer were highest at 8 mm SL and decreased in larger fish (largest prey = 86% and 70% SL in fish of 8 and ,30 mm SL, respectively). Cannibals of ...
UK Professors Attempt to Mainstream Cannibalism as Normal
Posted on 09/25/2019 8:12:09 PM PDT by Tolerance Sucks Rocks. Dostoevsky once said, If God didnt exist, everything is possible. There is wisdom in his observation since, without God, there would be nothing to serve as the ultimate reference for human acts. The eternal law that God established in the universe is inscribed on the human heart. Thus, everyone at all times and places knows right and wrong. Take away God, and all will fall into the most barbaric savagery. Modern secular society officially denies that God exists. Thus, society comes to accept the cruelest practices by breaking down the natural repugnance that comes from transgressing God s law. Abortion and infanticide, for example, used to incite horror among civilized people. Now, it is accepted everywhere. Some taboos remain, but these are now being questioned. Indeed, few could imagine that a mainstream news magazine like Newsweek would propose rethinking the idea of cannibalism. Eating Flesh: The Ultimate Taboo Eating human ...
Organ Transplants are Cannibalism? - Thinking Witnesses
This article discusses Jehovahs Witnesses view on organ transplants, particularly the once-held view that it is a form of cannibalism.
Now, a reference to cannibalism in any leaders speech is bad enough, but joking about it in the context of the governments betrayal of Tūhoe, and Keys failed attempt to speak for the māori party regarding that betrayal would be absurd if it wasnt so insulting. Not only that, but the reference to Ngāti Porou was all the worse, given the complex history of those two iwi, which was also in the news recently but of which Key appears to have no awareness. Two main questions occur to me: first was this a calculated move to distance himself and the government from the sense he has gone native, or just an idiotic off-the-cuff remark? (Essentially: bad will, or just incompetence?) And second, what will it take to prevent the māori party from walking away? As Marty Mars says, this is a significant matter of the mana of Tūhoe, and the mana of Māori in general. It cannot just be left to lie: either the māori party walks away, or some sort of meaningful reparation - you might call it mana ...
Cannibalism Confirmed Among Ancient Mexican Group
Uh, hate to break this for you, but If you read the ORIGINAL report of Cortez, there was not only ritualized, but casual and societal cannibalism.. We spend the years 1900-2000 ignoring and covering it up in the attempt to relativize civilizations and demonize Christianity.. But the facts are that it was a common practice, from the southwest, to the gulf coast, and all though central america.. After the Aztecs ritually sacrificed victims at the top of the pyramid, their bodies were rolled down the steps, where they were dismembered. Their legs and arms went into a stew that fed the people (socialisms early form of soylent green). The torso and head were fed to the pigs. Upon approaching Tenoochtitlan, Cortez reports seeing the large red pyramids in the distance. Upon being in the city, he realizes the red is from the blood of victims. It was at this point, Cortez says in his diaries that something had to be done. No longer was he there for fame and fortune - he had a goal - to stop the ...
Polar bear cannibalism and sea ice, the spring of 1976 | polarbearscience
Remember Ian Stirlings claim that late freeze up in Western Hudson Bay in 2009 was forcing polar bears to resort to cannibalism (here and here), with gut-wrenching images and video provided for the media? Or Steve Amstrups claim for a similar phenomenon in the Southern Beaufort in 2004? I pointed out that Stirlings claim was…
Evidence unearthed of possible mass cannibalism in Neolithic Europe
(PhysOrg.com) -- Archaeologists studying a 7,000-year-old site in what is now south-west Germany have found evidence suggesting that more than 500 people may have been the victims of cannibalism.
Cancer cells turn to cannibalism to survive chemotherapy, study suggests
Researchers from the Tulane University School of Medicine have discovered that some cancer cells survive chemotherapy by eating their neighboring tumor cells. The study, which will be published September 17 in the Journal of Cell Biology, suggests that this act of cannibalism provides these cancer cells with the energy they need to stay alive and initiate tumor relapse after the course of treatment is completed.
The Dangers of Cannibalism
Biochemistry professor Andy Ellington blogs about cannibalism, prions, mad cow disease, and yet one more way in which civilization may be "hosed."
Murder,Starvation and Even Cannibalism in economic Collapse - News that matters to Black America - BlackPlanet.com
BlackPlanet.com members share Murder,Starvation and Even Cannibalism in economic Collapse - we all need to be asking each other if we have done everything that we can do to prepare for the impending collapse
Man re-arrested in Pakistan for cannibalism - CNN
A man who had previously been jailed for cannibalism and then released, has been rearrested again after police discovered a childs severed head at his home.
The Neon Demon booed in Cannes over cannibalism and necrophilia
A controversial film co-written by a British playwright has been jeered in Cannes over shocking scenes including murder, cannibalism, and lesbian necrophilia - and is destined for British cinemas this summer.
Cannibal Shrimp! | Zombie Fleshdress
Researchers have recently found a zombie parasite lurking among freshwater shrimp in Northern Ireland. They found the tiny parasite, Pleistophora mulleri, not only significantly increased cannibalism among shrimp, it also made infected shrimp more voracious, taking much less time to consume their victims.. While cannibalism is actually fairly common in nature and has been recorded in more than 3000 species. Dr Dunn and co-authors said in a new study that although consumption of juveniles by adults is a normal feature of the shrimp Gammarus duebeni celticus feeding patterns, shrimp infected with Pleistophora mulleri ate twice as much of their own kind as uninfected animals.. They attacked juvenile shrimp more often and consumed them more quickly than did uninfected shrimp.. Our work is the first study to ask if cannibalism is affected by being parasitized, said Dr Alison Dunn of the University of Leeds, UK, the senior author on the study.. To be honest the zombie link here is a bit tenuous! ...
Dinosaur Cannibal Unearthed in Madagascar
Fossilized bones from two Majungatholus individuals show indication of intense feeding, with distinctive sets of tooth marks that match the size and spacing of teeth in Majungatholus jaws, and smaller grooves that match the sharp serrations on Majungatholus blade-like teeth. Rogers and his colleagues are careful to rule out other potential suspects who lived alongside Majungatholus. We examined the jaws and teeth of other known meat-eaters in the Malagasy fauna, including a much smaller carnivorous dinosaur called Masiakasaurus knopfleri, and two large crocodiles stated Rogers, but only Majungatholus possessed the jaws and teeth capable of inflicting the damage the scientists saw. Despite the bad press that human cannibals receive, this discovery of cannibalism in a theropod dinosaur should come as no big surprise, said Rogers. Cannibalism as a feeding strategy is very common in the animal kingdom today. Animals ranging from insects to lions regularly consume members of their own species, ...
Continued from Part I. The idiom, Crossing the Rubicon, often refers to taking a risky course of action, or passing a point of no return. In 49 BC Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon River, which was considered an act of insurrection under Roman law. Caesar eventually won the civil war, so he and his army were not punished, but the axiom lives on, denoting no turning back for actions taken. Western culture thinks of cannibalism as formerly occurring in far-off third world jungles or the humorous subject of newspaper or television cartoons. To insinuate that Western culture is taking part in direct forms of cannibalism might seem idiotic or preposterous, but it must be recognized that our civilized world has already succumbed to an indirect cannibalistic way of life concerning the preborn, and is on the precipice of Crossing the Rubicon, advancing to direct acts of cannibalism.. It was recently revealed that China has developed a new lucrative business: selling dead baby pills as ...
Efferocytosis perpetuates substance accumulation inside macrophage populations. - Oxford Neuroscience
In both cells and animals, cannibalism can transfer harmful substances from the consumed to the consumer. Macrophages are immune cells that consume their own dead via a process called cannibalistic efferocytosis. Macrophages that contain harmful substances are found at sites of chronic inflammation, yet the role of cannibalism in this context remains unexplored. Here we take mathematical and experimental approaches to study the relationship between cannibalistic efferocytosis and substance accumulation in macrophages. Through mathematical modelling, we deduce that substances which transfer between individuals through cannibalism will concentrate inside the population via a coalescence process. This prediction was confirmed for macrophage populations inside a closed system. We used image analysis of whole slide photomicrographs to measure both latex microbead and neutral lipid accumulation inside murine bone marrow-derived macrophages (104-[Formula: see text]) following their stimulation into an
Courtship raises male fertilization success through post-mating sexual selection in a spider | Proceedings of the Royal Society...
Our data support the hypothesis that courtship directly increases a males paternity success under polyandry, independent of male quality and of male copulation success. Hence, an influence of the courtship display carries over to episodes that occur after the actual copulation and after the male has vanished.. Interestingly, the effect of courtship on paternity in A. bruennichi appears not to be mediated by measures such as prolonged copulations, because short-courting and long-courting males did not differ in copulation duration. Unlike in some other spiders (e.g. Snow & Andrade 2004), copulation duration in A. bruennichi is directly related to sperm transfer and relative paternity success (Schneider et al. 2006). This suggests that the courtship display influences paternity success via a different mechanism from that shown for sexual cannibalism, which increases paternity success by prolonging copulation (Elgar 1998; Elgar & Schneider 2004, this study). We found that courtship decreased the ...
Cannibal Girls - Wikipedia
Cannibal Girls is a 1973 Canadian independent comedy horror film directed by Ivan Reitman and stars Eugene Levy, Andrea Martin, and Ronald Ulrich. It is about three young women being led by a Reverend who preaches cannibalism. The story gives off an urban legend feel, and was made as a spoof of traditional horror films. This film is known for the warning bell gimmick, which rang in theatres to warn the more squeamish members of the audience for impending gory scenes. The films setting, Farnhamville, may be a reference to Robert A. Heinleins 1964 science fiction novel Farnhams Freehold, about a dystopian future in which cannibalism figured prominently. A couple are relaxing in a snowy forest near a small town in Ontario called Farnhamville. Suddenly, an axe wielding female assailant kills the boyfriend, rips the girlfriends shirt open, and puts a dab of blood between her female victims breasts. Then, we see the protagonists, Clifford Sturges (Eugene Levy), and Gloria Wellaby (Andrea ...
The Cannibal in the Mirror - Modern Cannibals | HowStuffWorks
The Cannibal in the Mirror - Modern cannibals exist around the world and are identified by a number of factors. Read about modern cannibals and how you may even be a cannibal yourself.
Male Mantis Need Not Pray: Cannibal Female Myth Exposed - Ms. Magazine Blog
Wow. Some one seems a little touchy… will umfairly characterize women as villains WHENEVER possible. Really? So, anytime a woman is in a story or an anecdote she WILL be the villain? The cartoon is then used as an example of this. However, this article stinks of bias, being written by a woman who is obviuously tryong to push an agenda using unrelated facts. ALL human men do not see woman as villains anymore than ALL human woman view men as villains. These are ideas that are pishe don us by media, but they are not the true feelings of the average person. As far as the examples above, they are jokes, and the female antagonist can be easily replaced witha male in most cases. The manits joke is fairly specific, but it is nothing more than that. Also, most people who take the time to investigate the sexual cannibalism of many arthopods quickly find out that though prevelant, it is not universal. The fact is that when it occurs with arthopods (both insects and arachnids) it is the female that ...
Cannibalism Normal For Early Humans?
Genetic markers commonly found in modern humans all over the world could be evidence that our earliest ancestors were cannibals, according to new research. Scientists suggest that even today many of us carry a gene that evolved as protection against brain diseases that can be spread by eating human flesh.
Ask the Author: Chelsea Laine Wells - [PANK]
Chelsea Laine Wellss difficult and haunting The Breathing Dead appears in the April issue. She talks to us about writing unsettling stories, her uncontrollable urges, and canned pasta.. 1. What uncontrollable urges do you have? How dangerous are they?. Most of my uncontrollable urges have to do with eating junk food like Im involved in some kind of dare, which I am not. The eating urge is only dangerous in the sense of future cholesterol issues. I think my urges more come out as morbid obsessions with death and pain and lust and all the things that twist us out of shape and cause a loss of control, and that surfaces in my writing. Rape, necrophilia, sexual cannibalism, children murdering children, infanticide, Munchausen by proxy, suicide, addiction - these are all subjects of my stories, all of which are love stories about regular people gone off the rails. So: as a person Im not dangerous, but the inside of my head is, and as a result my poor characters are constantly in danger.. 2. The ...
Fagocimanthis - Centro Botin
Adquirida / Adquired 2011. Juan Uslé unfolds his painterly work in series, or -as he would say- families of works. The Manthis paintings are named after the homonymous insect, known for practicing sexual cannibalism - females devour the males during copulation. These works share a geometric structure, upon which the artist then paints more organic forms. Uslé thinks of these works as sites of friction between two kinds of abstraction: a more ascetic, rigorous one perhaps exemplified by Mondrian; and a more lyrical one, which would refer more to the work of Miró. The two confront each other in the space of the canvas. Uslé thinks of this formal tension as a metaphor for his split lifestyle. Indeed, the artist spends about one half his time in the quintessentially urban New York, and the other in a small village in Cantabria. The Manthis express the tension and friction that exist between the two lifestyles and working conditions: the orderly grid of the city is somehow defied by the formal ...
Effects of maternal care and selection for low mortality on tyrosine hydroxylase concentrations and cell soma size in...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of maternal care and selection for low mortality on tyrosine hydroxylase concentrations and cell soma size in hippocampus and nidopallium caudolaterale in adult laying hen. AU - Nordquist, R.E.. AU - Zeinstra, E.C.. AU - Rodenburg, T.B.. AU - van der Staay, F.J.. PY - 2013. Y1 - 2013. N2 - Feather pecking and cannibalism in farm-kept laying hens are damaging behaviors both in terms of animal welfare and economic loss, and a major challenge in modern poultry farming. Both rearing with a foster hen and genetic selection have been demonstrated to reduce feather pecking in laying hens. We examined the effects of rearing with a foster hen, genetic selection for low mortality from cannibalism, and interactions between both, using cellular morphology and levels of the rate-limiting enzyme in dopamine production, tyrosine hydroxylase, in the hippocampus and nidopallium caudolaterale (NCL) as a potential measure for laying hen welfare. Hens from the second generation of a ...
How to Erect a Hen House Important Details - biographypedia
The initial question you need to ask yourself is what number of hens do I want to raise? The more birds you want, the bigger their hens house must be. Raising a great quantity of hens in a cramped area can lead to sickness, disease, and cannibalism. All poultry maintain a pecking order and when conditions become too crowded some birds can get pecked to death by the dominant birds. Try to give them at least 3 square feet of space per individual bird while remembering that the more room you supply them with, the less chance that cannibalism will occur ...
Bulletin #2113, Pecking and Cannibalism by Hens: How to Stop It? | Cooperative Extension Publications | University of Maine
Once it starts, this is difficult. Try to figure out who is the culprit by spending time quietly watching your birds. Note: often this is a single bird, who will show no feather lesions (although all the other birds may have them). Separating this bird may help, but sometimes you may need to get rid of that dominant bird. Be sure you fix the underlying causes (space, not enough distractions, perch height), or another bird will simply step into that dominant, bullying role in the flock. For the birds that have been pecked, if the wounds are not deep, using a non-irritating lotion or salve that acts as a pecking deterrent may help them heal (and avoid further pecking). Some products combine aloe vera gel with food-grade coloring to visually mask pecking lesions (blood or raw skin) and to seal up the wounds. However, just treating the wounds isnt enough: a combination of methods including fibrous vegetables (as toys) and improved housing conditions are needed to minimize pecking trauma. Be ...
Publication : USDA ARS
Citation: Dennis, R.L., Cheng, Z.Q., Cheng, H. 2008. Genetic variations in chicken aggressive behavior: The role of serotonergic system. Poultry Science. 87:612-620. Interpretive Summary: Aggression and cannibalism are of increasing concern to animal welfare and production in husbandry industry. Our research group recently investigated the roles of two major serotonin receptor pathways (5-HT1A and 1B) in mediating aggressiveness in laying hens from strains exhibiting high and low aggressiveness. Our findings provide evidence for the heritable aggression mediation through genetic differences in the serotonergic system in chickens. Our results also show two distinct mediating pathways of aggression through the 5-HT1A and 1B receptors that are prominent in birds of low and high aggressiveness, respectively. The understanding of the genetic and environmental regulation of aggression through the serotonergic system is essential for reducing aggression and cannibalism through selective breeding or ...
Farm Health Online - Animal Health and Welfare Knowledge Hub - Poultry Feather Pecking
Feather Pecking Also known as: Cannibalism Feather pecking is behaviour which often leads to extensive damage to the plumage of laying hens. A more serious problem is one of abnormal aggressive feather pecking and cannibalism. The problem can occur in all systems, including free range.
Rooftop Revolution - How Solar Power Can Save Our Economy-and Our Planet-from Dirty Energy - Read book online
A masterful and compulsively readable book that challenges our preconceived notions about a behavior often sensationalized in our culture and, until just recently, misunderstood in the scientific world. -Ian Tattersall, Curator Emeritus, American Museum of Natural History, and author of The Strange Case of the Rickety Cossack For centuries scientists have written off cannibalism as a bizarre phenomenon with little biological significance. Its presence in nature was dismissed as a desperate response to starvation or other life-threatening circumstances, and few spent time studying it. A taboo subject in our culture, the behavior was portrayed mostly through horror movies or tabloids sensationalizing the crimes of real-life flesh-eaters. But the true nature of cannibalism--the role it plays in evolution as well as human history--is even more intriguing (and more normal) than the misconceptions weve come to accept as fact. In Cannibalism: A Perfectly Natural History,zoologist Bill Schutt sets the ...
Factory Farming - LEED Points
1. Greed-Driven Mutilations. It is possible to practice animal husbandry in a way that an animal only has one bad day (the day the animal is slaughtered), but thanks to factory farming, which packs animals together over their own waste, they endure a lot of additional suffering.. Chickens are debeaked during their second week of life to prevent cannibalism and feed wastage, says an online guide for chicken growers-though the industrys abusive battery egg cages, not the animals, are responsible for the cannibalism. Debeaking, partial or total removal of a birds beak with a hot knife or laser while it is fully conscious, causes intense pain, shock and bleeding, says veterinarian Nedim C. Buyukmihci, emeritus professor of veterinary medicine at the University of California.. A similar fate awaits pigs who respond to unnatural conditions by biting each others tails. The factory farm solution? Cut off their tails with a pliers and no painkiller-an institutionalized mutilation called tail ...
Cannibalism of Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) from Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) Transgenic Corn Versus Non-Bt Corn
This journal publishes articles on the economic significance of insects, including types of insects, insecticides, biological control, and crop protection.
The multiplicity of divergence mechanisms in a single evolving population | Genome Biology | Full Text
Some mechanisms of diversification involve ecological interactions exhibited as frequency-dependence . This includes niche creation [11, 12] and frequency-dependent coexistence due to cross-feeding, where the cross-feeder organism is maintained in balance with the producer , or through cannibalism of one or the other coexisting type . Another frequency-dependent scenario is when two or more resources in a system result in specialization of different bacteria on different resources in the same environment [11, 60]. None of these ecological scenarios are readily extended to the current studies. Cross-feeding and cannibalism do not appear to have evolved in the chemostats, probably because the time-scale is relatively short. None of the sequenced mutations hint at cross-feeding, such as the acs mutation noted in . There is no evidence for multiple resources, multiple niches or mutations enhancing uptake or regulation of alternative carbon sources besides glucose. Nevertheless, ...
Releated to PhD research
The workshop was truly inspiring. The only downside is that I now really, really want to write a novel on death and funerals in the 19th century, without having the time to do so… *Adds novel on Victorian death and funerals to bucket list and starts carrying around a notebook to jot down ideas*.. The papers were no less wonderful than the workshops. During the very first panel of the conference I had the pleasure of listening to Laura Fosters interesting paper Consuming Paupers: Cannibalism in Workhouse Representations. In her paper she discussed how the workhouse diet became connected to Cannibalism and how this is represented in contemporary fiction, ballads and satirical illustrations. Foster, for example, discussed the ballad The Workhouse Boy which is about a boy who goes missing during Christmas and is eventually discovered to be one of the ingredients of the workhouse soup. Drawing on this example and others, Foster explained that the workhouse soup eventually became a melting ...
LURID: Barbecue Season - Cannibalism for Connoisseurs | LitReactor
Online Writers Workshop, Online Monthly Classes taught by published authors and industry professionals and Robust Literature Magazine with Columns, Interviews, Reviews and more.
THE HONEYDOGS | First Avenue
Imagine if Television and Curtis Mayfield formed a band and tried to re-record Rubber Soul. Thats a tease of what you get with Love & Cannibalism (2016), the 11th studio release for 20 year Minneapolis-based veterans The Honeydogs. This record might be the bands best, most rocking collection of songs in that long career. That says a great deal considering previous records like 10,000 Years, Heres Luck, and Amygdala have been called masterpieces--the band comfortably exploring varied musical styles (psychedelia, experimental, jazz) while being true to their roots in American music.. Lead singer-songwriter Adam Levy released an introspective and emotionally honest solo record in late 2015 about his sons death, the heavily acoustic Naubinway. It made many Best of international lists. Love & Cannibalism is a different animal, featuring Levys incisive lyrics & a band in top form, mixing Motown and Muscle Shoals soul with British rock. This guitar-heavy, horn driven, pop-encrusted gem of a ...
cannibalism - Page 2 - SFFaudio
the wrong carriage, butchered bodies, the butcher, the true city fathers, who is the narrator talking to?, youre going to eat my wife, a choice ending, a deep cut, a new recruit, they werent allowed to report on this, a student, a photographer, a vegan, ultra-horror, hes grain fed!, starting with an image, holding on vs. hanging from, Mahogany, the mythological ferryman, their damnation until they can pass it on, The Books Of Blood by Clive Barker, Dagon (the fanzine), he hadnt read any Lovecraft at that point, Bryan may have lived Far Below, The Warriors (1979), Death Wish (1974), the Washington, D.C. subway system, Fallout 3, Death Line (Raw Meat) 1972, Escape From New York (1981), C.H.U.D. (1984), sewers, Monsters (1990) TV show, Creep 2004, The Descent (2005), attested by every country in the world and every people, ghouls in the bible?, J.R.R. Tolkien has it, the barrow wights, Edgar Rice Burroughs, white furry monster, the Morlocks, H.G. Wells invented CHUDs (in The Time Machine), The ...
The Genocidal War Hero - Open The Magazine
Were there actual instances of families resorting to cannibalism and selling their children in desperation, as was the case in a later famine in China in the 1960s?. Q What was the overall death toll in the famine?. A There were no reported incidents of cannibalism. However, there were numerous cases of children being sold or abandoned or even killed out of mercy by their parents. The total number of people killed in the famine was at least three million.. Q How much food was diverted for the Imperial war effort from India?. A 360,000 tonnes of rice and wheat was exported in the fiscal year 1942-43. When you include lentils, it adds up to 460,000 tonnes. On top of that, the army consumed nearly 600,000 tonnes of wheat that year.. Q Will it be fair to say that the picture of the British as benign rulers of India is slowly changing in contemporary history? Is it now recognised that their racist tone led to the mutiny? And youre now talking about Churchills murderous personality.. A There is a ...
Recent Articles | Cannibalism And Microbiology | The Scientist Magazine®
Daily News How Gaining and Losing Weight Affects the Body Millions of measurements from 23 people who consumed extra calories every day for a month reveal changes in proteins, metabolites, and gut microbiota that accompany shifts in body mass.. ...
Cannibalism. When possible, larva will cannibalize the larva of smaller instars. A 1999 study showed that cannibalism ... In nature, the negative effects of cannibalism may be balanced by the fact that cannibalism removes competitors, thereby making ... One known reason why cannibalism is detrimental to the fall armyworm is because of disease transmission to the cannibal. ... Chapman, J. W. (1999-05-01). "Fitness consequences of cannibalism in the fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda". Behavioral ...
Lawrence, S. E. (1992). "Sexual cannibalism in the praying mantid, Mantis religiosa: a field study". Animal Behaviour. 43 (4): ... Sexual cannibalism is common among most predatory species of mantises in captivity. It has sometimes been observed in natural ... The reason for sexual cannibalism has been debated; experiments show that females on low quality diets have a higher chance to ... Lelito, Jonathan P.; Brown, William D. (2006). "Complicity or conflict over sexual cannibalism? Male risk taking in the praying ...
Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571
Reluctant turn to cannibalism. The survivors had extremely little food: eight chocolate bars, a tin of mussels, three ... Cannibalism revealed. Upon being rescued, the survivors initially explained that they had eaten some cheese and other ... According to Read, some rationalized the act of necrotic cannibalism as equivalent to the Eucharist, the Body and Blood of ... "Plane crash survivor describes the moment he resorted to cannibalism". Archived from the original on 23 November 2017.. ...
Claims of cannibalism. Jean Baptiste Trudeau, pictured here as an adult, gave conflicting accounts of cannibalism at ... He also neglected to mention any cannibalism at Alder Creek. The same year McGlashan's book was published, Georgia ... Some of the pioneers resorted to cannibalism to survive. The journey west usually took between four and six months, but the ... Nancy reportedly was unable to recover from her role in the cannibalism of her brother and mother. ...
Predators and potential cannibalism. The only known predators of adult giant squid are sperm whales, but pilot whales may ... These traits are seen in the Humboldt squid as well, indicating that cannibalism in large squid may be more common than ...
Spiders and sexual cannibalism. Female (left) and male (right) Argiope appensa, displaying typical sexual differences in ... or providing a nuptial gift in response to sexual cannibalism. Male body size is not under selection due to cannibalism in ... Wilder SM, Rypstra AL (2008). "Sexual size dimorphism mediates the occurrence of state-dependent sexual cannibalism in a wolf ... Size dimorphism shows a correlation with sexual cannibalism, which is prominent in spiders (it is also found in insects ...
1 (1). §Cannibalism. Retrieved December 3, 2007. Bradley, James (2003). Flyboys: A True Story of Courage (1st ed.). Little, ... Because military and international law did not specifically deal with cannibalism, they were tried for murder and "prevention ... American author James Bradley details several instances of cannibalism of World War II Allied prisoners by their Japanese ... and the cannibalism of at least one of them, during August 1944. ...
Japanese war crimes
Charges of cannibalism were dropped, but 23 people were found guilty of vivisection or wrongful removal of body parts. Five ... "Cannibalism". Dan Ford, "Japan at War, 1931-1945" September 2007. "Confessions of Japanese war criminals". No date. "History of ... In many cases these acts of cannibalism were inspired by ever-increasing Allied attacks on Japanese supply lines, and the death ... Perhaps the most senior officer convicted of cannibalism was Lt Gen. Yoshio Tachibana (立花芳夫,Tachibana Yoshio), who with 11 ...
List of abnormal behaviours in animals
McGlone, J.J., Sells, J., Harris, S. and Hurst, R.J. Cannibalism in growing pigs: Effects of tail docking and housing system on ... Self-cannibalism (Autophagy, Autosarcophagy); an animal eating itself. Self-injury; an animal injuring its own body tissues. ... Broodiness is undesirable and considered abnormal in modern commercial egg-laying hens.) Cannibalism; eating the flesh or ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Libbon, Randi; Hamalian, Gareen; Yager, Joel (2015). "Self-Cannibalism (Autosarcophagy ...
Sibling cannibalism, common in many spider species, is not affected by the proportion of trophic eggs, since viable eggs are ... Such cannibalism may take the form of oophagy (eating sibling eggs) or adelphophagy (literally, eating one's brother, but in ... Intrauterine cannibalism is common in the viviparous shark order Lamniformes (commonly known as mackerel sharks). This strategy ... An alternative to trophic egg-laying is sibling cannibalism; however this requires the mother to regulate the synchrony of ...
1 (1). §Cannibalism. Retrieved 2007-12-03. Fackler, Martin (June 9, 2012). "Fewer Westerners Remain on Remote Japanese Island ...
It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia
... attempted cannibalism; kidnapping; blackface; hiding naked inside a couch in order to eavesdrop on people; tricking a man into ...
Cannibalism followed. The film indicates that, because history is "written by the victors", there is an impression that the ... Aztec ritual sacrifice, cannibalism and the reasons they were performed were not breaking news in 2008. Baquedano, however, is ...
After the Conquest, when cannibalism was banned, pork became the staple meat as it "tasted very similar" [to human flesh], ... Mexico On My Plate: Red Pozole and It's [sic] History Mexico, Surviving (12 July 2016). "Aztec cannibalism". Surviving Mexico. ...
Great Chinese Famine
Due to the scale of the famine, the resulting cannibalism has been described as being "on a scale unprecedented in the history ... Cannibalism". Mao's Great Famine: The History of China's Most Devastating Catastrophe, 1958-1962. pp. 320-323. ISBN 978-0- ... There are widespread oral reports, and some official documentation, of human cannibalism being practiced in various forms as a ...
To investigate the theory that cannibalism had been practiced at the Cowboy Wash site, Richard Marlar, a University of Colorado ... There are conflicting theories about whether or not cannibalism occurred at Cowboy Wash. According to Billman, the current ... The Associated Press (September 7, 2000). "Lab tests show evidence of cannibalism among ancient Indians of the Southwest". The ... Some researchers have found reference to warfare-related cannibalism within Puebloan culture, for example, that among the Hopi ...
There is evidence as to the taking of human trophies and the ritual cannibalism of war captives among both Carib and other ... There is evidence as to the taking of human trophies and the ritual cannibalism of war captives among both Arawak and other ... Rochefort stated they did not practice cannibalism. During his third voyage to North America, after exploring Florida, the ... Whitehead, Neil L. (20 March 1984). "Carib cannibalism. The historical evidence". Journal de la Société des Américanistes. 70 ( ...
Spiritual Cannibalism. Links Books, New York, 1973, First Edition[page needed] Historical dictionary of New Age movements by ...
In early 1973, Rudi published Spiritual Cannibalism, his only book. On February 21, 1973, Rudi died in a small plane crash in ... Spiritual Cannibalism, by Swami Rudrananda [Rudi], Links Books, New York, 1973 (ISBN 0-8256-3005-3). ... Swami Rudrananda [Rudi]. Spiritual Cannibalism. Links Books, New York, 1973, First Edition. John Mann. Before The Sun: Meeting ... Spiritual Cannibalism. New York: Links Books. ISBN 0-8256-3005-3. Mann, John (2014). Before The Sun. United States: Portal ...
Spiritual Cannibalism. New York: Links Books. pp. 32-33, 37, 40, 55, and 72. ISBN 978-0-8256-3005-7. and Mann, John (1987). ...
There is evidence as to the taking of human trophies and the ritual cannibalism of war captives among both Arawak and other ... Whitehead, Neil L. (20 March 1984). "Carib cannibalism. The historical evidence". Journal de la Société des Américanistes. 70 ( ...
Cannibalism is quite easy in anacondas since females are so much larger than males, but sexual cannibalism has only been ... De la Quintana, Paola; Pacheco, Luis; Rivas, Jesús (January 2011). "Eunectes beniensis (Beni Anaconda). Diet: Cannibalism". ... cannibalism in general (outside of the breeding season) has been confirmed in all but E. deschauenseei, although it is likely ...
Tasmanian giant crab
Cannibalism also occurs. They breed in June and July, and the female carries the 0.5-2 million eggs for about four months. ...
Jared Diamond bibliography
Diamond, J. M. (2000). "Talk of cannibalism". Nature. 407 (6800): 25-26. doi:10.1038/35024175. PMID 10993054. Diamond, J. M. ( ...
Elia, Charles (19 March 1965). "Corporate Cannibalism Thrives". New York World-Telegram. p. 26. "Growing Trend: Firms Buying ...
The New Cannibalism is a phrase coined by anthropologist Nancy Scheper-Hughes in 1998 for an article written for The New ... "The new cannibalism". Berkeley Digital Library SunSITE. University of California, Berkeley. Archived from the original on May 3 ...
Cannibalism also occurs. The helmeted water toad is a vulnerable species according to IUCN due to capture for human consumption ...
John Neal (writer)
... incest and cannibalism." By "elevating emotional effect over coherence, the novel excites its readers to death." It challenged ...
Ealick SE, Begley TP (March 2007). "Biochemistry: molecular cannibalism". Nature. 446 (7134): 387-8. doi:10.1038/446387a. PMID ...
Today, Wariʼ do not practice any form of cannibalism. They bury their dead after two or three days of mourning. Today, the ... "Wariʼ: Funerary Cannibalism." Povos Indígenas no Brasil. Retrieved 22 Feb 2012. Conklin (2001). "Wari' - Indigenous Peoples in ... Conklin, Beth A. (1995). "'thus are our bodies, thus was our custom': mortuary cannibalism in an Amazonian society". American ... Conklin, B. (2001). Consuming Grief: Compassionate Cannibalism in an Amazonian Society. Austin: University of Texas Press.[ISBN ...
Controversial Signs of Mass Cannibalism | WIRED
Cannibalism at the village, now called Herxheim, may have occurred […] ... Cannibalism at the village, now called Herxheim, may have occurred during ceremonies in which people from near and far brought ... Controversial Signs of Mass Cannibalism. At a settlement in what is now southern Germany, the menu turned gruesome 7,000 years ... Ongoing work at Herxheim has found signs of cannibalism on the bones of hundreds of other individuals, with only a few ...
Sharkland | Animal Cannibalism | Nature | PBS
The practice of cannibalism itself, once thought to be an aberrant behavior, actually isnt as rare in nature as we might like ... and the a rare form of cannibalism within the womb. And yet the practice of cannibalism itself, once thought to be an aberrant ... Cannibalism can also occur to cull a an overly large litter, or when the animals are stressed. In many animal species including ... Animals usually avoid cannibalism, but not because of any ethical or moral imperative; although consuming the flesh of ones ...
Cannibalism Normal For Early Humans?
A growing body of evidence, such as piles of human bones with clear signs of human butchery, suggests cannibalism was ... Cannibalism Normal For Early Humans?. By John Roach. for National Geographic News. ... Scientists from England, Australia, and Papua New Guinea say that cannibalism is the most likely explanation for their ... supports the physical evidence for cannibalism, say the scientists. "We dont in fact know that all populations did select. The ...
An evolutionary case for cannibalism.
... and such examples of human cannibalism are not as rare as many people believe. "The point is that cannibalism is in the human ... The taboo against cannibalism is useful in times of health and prosperity; groups wouldnt survive very long if members were ... In fact, starvation cannibalism may have been so prevalent in the ancestral past that it literally changed our DNA. Modern ... But again, whereas cannibalism can certainly be deviant, in other cases its perfectly normal-even healthy. Our close cousins ...
Man re-arrested in Pakistan for cannibalism - CNN
A man who had previously been jailed for cannibalism and then released, has been rearrested again after police discovered a ... With no explicit law on cannibalism in Pakistan, the two men were convicted of desecrating a dead body and other public order ... German policeman arrested in alleged cannibalism case. Man who plotted to kill and eat children gets more than 26 years in ... Two brothers previously jailed for cannibalism and then released, have been arrested again after police discovered a childs ...
Cannibalism - Wikipedia
Other forms of cannibalism include size-structured cannibalism and intrauterine cannibalism. Behavioural, physiological and ... Cannibalism is an ineffective method of disease spread as cannibalism in the animal kingdom is normally a one-on-one ... Cannibalism is the act of consuming another individual of the same species as food. Cannibalism is a common ecological ... Human cannibalism is well documented, both in ancient and in recent times. The rate of cannibalism increases in nutritionally ...
Cannibalism Articles, Photos, and Videos - Baltimore Sun
Cannibalism. Morgan State settles lawsuit with man beaten by cannibal. Morgan State University has settled a lawsuit contending ... Funeral planned for victim in cannibalism case. Peter Hermann. The funeral for the man who was killed in Harford County, and ... man accused of cannibalism is indicted, moved to mental hospital. Justin Fenton, The Baltimore Sun ... Cannibalism at Jamestown evidence unearthed. Mark St. John Erickson, [email protected] , 757-247-4783 ...
Velociraptor! Cannibalism! by Board Raptor Games - Kickstarter
Researchers: Jamestown settlers resorted to cannibalism - CNN
... revealed Wednesday their analysis of 17th century skeletal remains suggesting that Jamestown settlers practiced cannibalism to ... Cannibalism evidence in historic Jamestown - They identified a number of features on the skull and tibia that indicated the ... Cannibalism evidence in historic Jamestown - Historians refer to this dark period of the colony as "the starving time," a ... Cannibalism evidence in historic Jamestown - Experts recovered bone fragments they identified as being from a 14-year-old girl ...
Sexual Cannibalism: home
In some species cannibalism involves ingestion of the killed animal, while in others cannibalism simply refers to the murder of ... Sexual Cannibalism. Sexual Cannibalism is a behavior exhibited primarily by insects and arachnids, where one partner (usually ... Sexual Cannibalism: Blood Lust Biology 342 Fall 2012. by Ben Goggin and Kata Martin ... This website explores sexual cannibalism from the perspective of Nikolaas Niko Tinbergens four questions, which provide ...
Filial cannibalism - Wikipedia
Unlike total or whole clutch cannibalism, partial clutch cannibalism invests in both current and future reproduction. Male ... Filial cannibalism occurs when an adult individual of a species consumes all or part of the young of its own species or ... Partial clutch cannibalism occurs when a parent consumes a part of its offspring. "Parental manipulation of brood size may ... Filial cannibalism occurs in many animal species ranging from mammals to insects, and is especially prevalent in various ...
Stalin, cannibalism, and the true nature of evil.
How much should the cannibalism count? How should we factor it into the growing historical-moral-political argument over how to ... He concedes "cannibalism is a taboo of literature as well as life, as communities seek to protect their dignity by suppressing ... Even if the cannibalism was confined to a few thousand and the larger genocides involved millions, they are not irrelevant to ... Ive read things as horrifying, but never more horrifying than the four pages in Snyders book devoted to cannibalism. In a way ...
Healthcare Debate Descends Into Ritual Cannibalism
Cannibalism Confirmed Among Ancient Mexican Group
... National Geographic ^ , 9-30-2011 , Sabrina Valle Posted on 10/06/2011 5:45: ... KEYWORDS: archaeology; cannibalism; godsgravesglyphs; mexico Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.. first 1-20 ... There were tribes in what later became America that reportedly practiced cannibalism as well. ... As a naval officer I abhor the implication that the Royal Navy is a haven for cannibalism. It is well known that we now have ...
Cannibalism among Cape cobras
Male cobras were at the top of the hit list and Dr Maritz said this poses an important question - Did cannibalism evolve from ... "Inspired by our field observation, we set out to establish how widespread cannibalism and ophiophagy are in cobras," said Dr ... "This range of potential manifestations of cannibalism in snakes offers an opportunity to examine the possible drivers of ... The research - The underappreciated extent of cannibalism and ophiophagy in African cobras - was published in the Ecology ...
Rumors of Dino Cannibalism Declared Greatly Exaggerated - Scientific American
In fact only one of three dinosaur species thought to have yielded evidence of cannibalism truly deserves the designation, ... Turner says the reappraisal leaves only one credible example of dinosaur cannibalism. Three years ago Rogers and his colleagues ... These specimens have been touted for decades as evidence of dinosaur cannibalism," says paleontologist Raymond Rogers of ...
Factory Farms: "Cannibalism" and Rising Antibiotic Use
US settlers turned to cannibalism - Taipei Times
Handout images provided on Wednesday by the Smithsonian Institute in Washington show four shallow chops, top, to an incomplete skull, left, excavated at James Fort in Jamestown, Virginia, and a forensic facial reconstruction, right, produced by StudioEIS of Brooklyn, New York, in consultation with Smithsonian researchers based on human remains excavated in Jamestown.May 03, 2013 ...
Dangerous Dance: Hurricanes' Dalliance May End in 'Cannibalism' | Live Science
Cannibalism, Torture and Death: Inside China's Genocidal Re-Education Camps
Corporate Cannibalism - definition of Corporate Cannibalism by The Free Dictionary
Corporate Cannibalism synonyms, Corporate Cannibalism pronunciation, Corporate Cannibalism translation, English dictionary ... definition of Corporate Cannibalism. v. can·ni·bal·ized , can·ni·bal·iz·ing , can·ni·bal·iz·es v. tr. 1. To remove serviceable ... redirected from Corporate Cannibalism). Also found in: Financial. can·ni·bal·ize. (kăn′ə-bə-līz′). v. can·ni·bal·ized, can·ni· ... Corporate Cannibalism - definition of Corporate Cannibalism by The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Corporate+ ...
Why Did the USDA Perform 'Cat Cannibalism' Experiments? | Live Science
But "these kitten cannibalism experiments have absolutely no relevance to human or animal health and, frankly, sound more like ... Why Did the USDA Perform Cat Cannibalism Experiments?. By Yasemin Saplakoglu 20 March 2019. ... The White Coat Waste Project says that they think these "cat cannibalism" experiments started in 2003 and continued until at ...
UK Professors Attempt to Mainstream Cannibalism as Normal
... CNS News ^ , September 10, 2019 , John Horvat II Posted on 09/25/ ... KEYWORDS: cannibalism; england; god; jaredpiazza; lancasteru; mainstreaming; man; neilmclatchie; normalization; professors; ... The problem with cannibalism is people s attitudes since they are often overridden by our feelings of repulsion and disgust. ... I presume that to get over the gag factor about cannibalism, we wont consume our neighbors in the form of chops or steaks or ...
TEA Bible/Cannibalism - Behavior OnLine Forums
TEA Bible/Cannibalism Kenneth Vogel in The Politico talks about emergent networks and political organization. Robert Heinlein ... The problem becomes one of why cannibalism is not more frequent and found in places other than church communions, crucifixions ... And my contacts with TEA partiers suggest that genes for conquest and cannibalism dominate those for organization and sharing. ...
Cannibalism Increases with Temperature | Biology Letters
Cannibalism by damselflies increases with rising temperature Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from Biology ... Cannibalism by damselflies increases with rising temperature. Denon Start, Devin Kirk, Dylan Shea, Benjamin Gilbert ... Increased activity and changes in body size interacted to increase cannibalism at higher temperatures. We argue that our ... and how these temperature dependencies affected cannibalism in Lestes congener, a damselfly with marked intraspecific variation ...
More Polar Bears Turn To Cannibalism To Avoid Starvation | Care2 Causes
Most compelling evidence of cannibalism yet › News in Science (ABC Science)
Diamond describes this evidence for cannibalism as "compelling" but argues that Western abhorrence of cannibalism makes it hard ... "The existence of cannibalism is one of the most controversial issues in the archaeology of the American Southwest," write ... "With the presentation of the first direct evidence of cannibalism ... we hope that the debate will shift from the question of ... Even before the study by Malar and colleagues, argues Diamond, there have first-hand accounts of cannibalism - and not just of ...
Neuron Cannibalism: Hungry Male Cells Consume Their Own Proteins - Scientific American
Self-cannibalism makes sense for body tissues other than the brain, but why male neurons engaged in it to such a large extent ... Neuron Cannibalism: Hungry Male Cells Consume Their Own Proteins. Starvation brings out sex differences in brain cells ... This article was originally published with the title "Neuron Cannibalism: Hungry Male Cells Consume Their Own Proteins" in SA ...
Trial for murder and cannibalism begins in Brazil | News24
Turn to cannibalismStarvationSurvival cannibalismWidespreadSpeciesBehaviorSize-structured cannibalismKuruDefinition of cannibalismResearchersIdea of cannibalismRate of cannibalismActs of cannibalismVictims of cannibalismAccounts of cannibalismEvidence for cannibalismHuman fleshEatenCannibalisticCell cannibalismPrevent cannibalismPractice cannibalismScientists2000ButcherySuggestsSexualTabooPredationConspecificsJamestownMurderHensTaboosFleshNeutrophilVictimParental careArchaeologistsNeolithicFoundUnhealthySurviveEvolutionaryNutritionalPrionHaidleSymbolicPerfectly Natural HistoryBehaviorsPeopleCellularMedicinalPlacentophagiaFamineAmericaHumansGeneticCommonOne'sTissues
Turn to cannibalism2
- In September 2019, we received multiple inquiries about news reports that claimed a scientist in Sweden had proposed, advocated or suggested that people should turn to cannibalism as a way of combating climate change. (snopes.com)
- It has protein in it and a lot of times, lack of protein is what makes them turn to cannibalism in the first place. (backyardchickens.com)
- But my uneasiness was put to rest once I leaned in to read the caption, which stated that the Dutch artist Gerard David, a prolific religious iconographer based in Bruges, Belgium, was merely painting a scene of starvation cannibalism. (slate.com)
- Anthropophagy routinely emerges, says Petrinovich, under predictable starvation conditions, and such examples of human cannibalism are not as rare as many people believe. (slate.com)
- While eating a deceased human being in order to prevent death by starvation may be viewed as a somewhat forgivable taboo, recent acts of cannibalism in America are much less justifiable and may develop into a horrifying addiction . (listverse.com)
- Cannibalism was not motivated by starvation but by a belief that this was a way to commune with the gods. (sciencemag.org)
- So why is cannibalism not a more common practice, only occurring amid ancient or remote cultures, in times of desperation and starvation, or in our grisly fantasies? (scienceline.org)
- The aim of this study was to investigate changes in survival, cannibalism, body mass, and protist community structure of Reticulitermes lucifugus Rossi subspecies "Sicily" following starvation to provide basic knowledge for the development of more specific studies on a possible survival strategy under stressful conditions. (springer.com)
- Cannibalism evidence in historic Jamestown - Archaeologists from the Smithsonian Institution and the Jamestown Rediscovery Project announced evidence of survival cannibalism during the winter of 1609-10 in historic Jamestown, Virginia. (cnn.com)
- Survival cannibalism. (thefreedictionary.com)
- These data together lead researchers to believe this family was a victim of survival cannibalism by another group, who may also have been suffering from nutritional stress. (thoughtco.com)
- However, a number of studies over the past decade have revealed that cannibalism is surprisingly widespread across the animal kingdom. (pbs.org)
- A growing body of evidence, such as piles of human bones with clear signs of human butchery, suggests cannibalism was widespread among ancient cultures. (nationalgeographic.com)
- With no explicit law on cannibalism in Pakistan, the two men were convicted of desecrating a dead body and other public order offenses in a case that provoked widespread revulsion across Pakistan, according to CNN affiliate Geo TV. (cnn.com)
- Inspired by our field observation, we set out to establish how widespread cannibalism and ophiophagy are in cobras," said Dr Maritz from UWC's Department of Biodiversity and Conservation Biolog. (uwc.ac.za)
- Why is the evidence for cannibalism - which suggests that this practice was once widespread - no so desperately denied? (abc.net.au)
- Some widespread Western practices are far more destructive than cannibalism," he writes. (abc.net.au)
- In the 1970s and 80s, however, researchers such as Laurel Fox and Gary Polis learned that not only was cannibalism widespread in nature, it was related to completely natural phenomena, including sexual selection and variable environmental conditions. (the-scientist.com)
- Medical cannibalism was incredibly widespread. (imhm.org)
- The black download medicinal cannibalism in early modern with this theorem is that the sight sells a survey widespread trying into the affairs and men of the longer addresses of two 3MathsPuzzlesSchool herds( the morphological vitality market, and the climatology fact). (rjackbalthazar.com)
- The slick commercialization of the food industry has changed things dramatically, but there were, at one time, relatively frequent conditions-crop failures, habitat depletion, famine-in which cannibalism would have had lifesaving adaptive utility for our species. (slate.com)
- In some species cannibalism involves ingestion of the killed animal, while in others cannibalism simply refers to the murder of the same species. (reed.edu)
- Cannibalism is the act of consuming another individual of the same species as food. (wikipedia.org)
- Cannibalism is a common ecological interaction in the animal kingdom and has been recorded in more than 1,500 species. (wikipedia.org)
- Cannibalism, however, does not-as once believed-occur only as a result of extreme food shortage or of artificial/unnatural conditions, but may also occur under natural conditions in a variety of species. (wikipedia.org)
- vague] Cannibalism is not restricted to carnivorous species: it also occurs in herbivores and in detritivores. (wikipedia.org)
- Behavioural, physiological and morphological adaptations have evolved to decrease the rate of cannibalism in individual species. (wikipedia.org)
- Filial cannibalism occurs when an adult individual of a species consumes all or part of the young of its own species or immediate offspring. (wikipedia.org)
- Filial cannibalism occurs in many animal species ranging from mammals to insects, and is especially prevalent in various species of fish. (wikipedia.org)
- To compete well in a certain species' social structure, a parent may be compelled to practice filial cannibalism to limit the amount of energy and time they spend raising their young. (wikipedia.org)
- In fact only one of three dinosaur species thought to have yielded evidence of cannibalism truly deserves the designation, researchers say. (scientificamerican.com)
- Until relatively recently, scientists believed that the cannibalism seen in species such as hamsters, black widow spiders, and praying mantises was a product of either the stresses associated with captivity or a lack of alternative forms of nutrition (think the Donner Party). (the-scientist.com)
- As I explored the phenomenon of cannibalism from a biological and zoological perspective, both in my own research and as a book author, I encountered dozens of similarly interesting stories-each leading me to the same conclusion: eating one's own kind is completely natural behavior for thousands of species, perhaps even for humans. (the-scientist.com)
- Cannibalism specifically means you kill and eat the member of your own species, but I doubt we're concerned with who does the killing or even whether the meal is deceased at the time of eating. (thethinkingatheist.com)
- Cannibalism is the act of any life form consuming others of its own species and it's rampant throughout the animal kingdom. (litreactor.com)
- The team notes that cannibalism has been found in over 300 species, which of course, includes humans. (phys.org)
- Thus parasitism, by enhancing cannibalism rates, may have previously unrecognized effects on stage structure and population dynamics for cannibalistic species and may also act as a selective pressure leading to changes in resource use. (phys.org)
- Cannibalism, the act of a species eating a member of its own kind, is believed to go as far back as prehistoric times in humans, and to have occurred all over the globe at one point or another. (scienceline.org)
- So technically, wouldn't eating the placenta fit the definition of cannibalism: eating the flesh of another individual of your own species? (getbetterhealth.com)
- And yet the practice of cannibalism itself, once thought to be an aberrant behavior, actually isn't as rare in nature as we might like to believe. (pbs.org)
- Sexual Cannibalism is a behavior exhibited primarily by insects and arachnids, where one partner (usually the female) kills the other before, during or after copulation. (reed.edu)
- This website explores sexual cannibalism from the perspective of Nikolaas 'Niko' Tinbergen's 'four questions', which provide different perspectives from which to study behavior (Timburgen, 1963). (reed.edu)
- ALGONQUIN BOOKS , FEBRUARY 2017 T he golden hamster ( Mesocricetus auratus ) is a popular children's pet, but these cuddly fuzz balls are also known to display some nightmarish behavior in captivity-namely, cannibalism. (the-scientist.com)
- Viewing the phenomenon through the lens of modern biology, it became possible to examine some of the most famous examples of human cannibalism in a new light-as perfectly natural behavior. (the-scientist.com)
- One such form of cannibalism-related behavior can be considered the ultimate parental care. (the-scientist.com)
- Cannibalism is a learned behavior and, once established, can spread throughout a flock. (thepoultrysite.com)
- Whereas cannibalism is considered by most modern societies to be the ultimate expression of uncivilized or barbaric behavior, it is intrinsic to many of the Western world's most prized biotechnological and medical innovations. (greenmedinfo.com)
- Cannibalism as a behavior has various functions - from parental care to a reproductive strategy to foraging. (cpr.org)
- Our focus is on the asymptotic behavior of the system, in particular on the effect of cannibalism on the long-term dynamics. (aimsciences.org)
- As fish in the treatment basin feasted on midges, lean times in the control basin likely incited a behavior that magnified the discrepancy in food resources between the two sides of Long Lake: cannibalism. (caryinstitute.org)
- We know that some groups of early hominins engaged in cannibalistic behavior, but it's hard to know whether they did so for ritual and social reasons (so-called cultural cannibalism) or as an occasional source of nutrients (gastronomic cannibalism). (popsci.com.au)
- In this study, we assessed the influence of nitrogen and density on cannibalism behavior in gypsy moth larvae. (springer.com)
- In a second experiment, we assessed the influence of previous cannibalism experiences on subsequent cannibalism behavior. (springer.com)
- Other forms of cannibalism include size-structured cannibalism and intrauterine cannibalism. (wikipedia.org)
- In this work we consider a size-structured cannibalism model with the model ingredients (fertility, growth, and mortality rate) depending on size (ranging over an infinite domain) and on a general function of the standing population (environmental feedback). (aimsciences.org)
- Asymptotic analysis of a size-structured cannibalism population model with delayed birth process. (aimsciences.org)
- Kuru is confined to a human population in Papua-New Guinea and is transmitted by cannibalism at ritualistic mortuary feasts. (bio-medicine.org)
- Some people have categorical philosophical or ethical objections to cannibalism, but there is no evidence (and no reason to think) that eating "long pig" would be harmful to health as long as the tissue is healthy and unable to transmit diseases (such as the infamous kuru ). (getbetterhealth.com)
Definition of cannibalism1
- What about swallowing semen: would that fit the definition of cannibalism? (getbetterhealth.com)
- Herxheim offers rare evidence of cannibalism during Europe's early Neolithic period, when farming first spread, the researchers report in the December Antiquity . (wired.com)
- Cannibalism evidence in historic Jamestown - Researchers found numerous traces of violence on human bodies. (cnn.com)
- Maritz and his fellow researchers were prompted to explore cannibalism among these "dangerously-venomous" snakes. (uwc.ac.za)
- BABRAHAM INSTITUTE Watching the process of cell cannibalism using time-lapse microscopy, researchers have discovered new clues as to how and why cells may resort to eating one another. (the-scientist.com)
- Phys.org)-A small team of researchers with members from institutions in the U.K. and South Africa, has found evidence that suggests parasites infecting a certain type of shrimp leads to a higher incidence of cannibalism. (phys.org)
- While it is not known if parasitic infection may be behind some cases of human cannibalism, the researchers note that one very common type of parasite that infests between 10 and 20 percent of the British population is suspected of making people less risk averse, which could perhaps allow people to resort more easily to cannibalism under extreme circumstances. (phys.org)
- For a while, researchers even believed that cannibalism was a driving force in human evolution . (scienceline.org)
- In a 2006 study published by the journal Genome Research , researchers at Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona, Spain, reported that the Science study was riddled with data collection bias and that cannibalism did not have a strong influence throughout human history. (scienceline.org)
- History of human cannibalism eats away at researchers ( In a new study published by the journal. (bio-medicine.org)
Idea of cannibalism2
- Indeed, few could imagine that a mainstream news magazine like Newsweek would propose rethinking the idea of cannibalism. (freerepublic.com)
- However, he says, these accounts have been dismissed because they were not observed by anthropologists and because there is such an abhorrence at the idea of cannibalism being a socially approved custom. (abc.net.au)
Rate of cannibalism2
- The rate of cannibalism increases in nutritionally poor environments as individuals turn to conspecifics as an additional food source. (wikipedia.org)
- Parasitic infection increased the rate of cannibalism by adults towards uninfected juvenile conspecifics, as measured by adult functional responses, that is, the rate of resource uptake as a function of resource density. (phys.org)
Acts of cannibalism1
- There are characters who commit acts of cannibalism, they eat corpses. (pravda.ru)
Victims of cannibalism3
- Adequate feeder space for all birds to eat simultaneously helps prevent underweight birds that are frequently victims of cannibalism. (thepoultrysite.com)
- Cannibalistic chickens, injured birds, victims of cannibalism and dead birds should be quickly removed from the flock. (thepoultrysite.com)
- PhysOrg.com) -- Archaeologists studying a 7,000-year-old site in what is now south-west Germany have found evidence suggesting that more than 500 people may have been the victims of cannibalism. (phys.org)
Accounts of cannibalism2
- Here's where the accounts of cannibalism caused me to rethink this question-and to examine the related question of whether one can distinguish degrees of evil in genocides by their methodology. (slate.com)
- Even before the study by Malar and colleagues, argues Diamond, there have first-hand accounts of cannibalism - and not just of the "emergency" type. (abc.net.au)
Evidence for cannibalism4
- The discovery of this genetic resistance, which shows signs of having spread as a result of natural selection, supports the physical evidence for cannibalism, say the scientists. (nationalgeographic.com)
- Diamond describes this evidence for cannibalism as "compelling" but argues that Western abhorrence of cannibalism makes it hard for us to accept evidence. (abc.net.au)
- Anthropologists have long studied evidence for cannibalism in the human fossil record, but establishing that it occurred and ascertaining why people ate each other have proved difficult tasks. (scientificamerican.com)
- Cut marks, flaking, percussion pitting, conchoidal scars, and adhering flakes on the bones all provide strong evidence for cannibalism at El Sidrón. (thoughtco.com)
- Söderlund himself rejected claims he had advocated or proposed cannibalism in his presentation, and told us he had merely gauged the audience's response to the theoretical prospect of eating human flesh. (snopes.com)
- Cannibalism is the eating of human flesh. (placentabenefits.info)
- Let us assume that placentophagia is an instance of the latter kind of cannibalism in which human flesh is eaten but there is no homicide. (placentabenefits.info)
- Other than the social stigma of cannibalism and, you know, the murder part, there is another important reason why consuming human flesh is not a universal practice: it can be deadly. (scienceline.org)
- Exo-cannibalism-flesh of those outside of one's tribe, the typically fallen warriors, medicine men and virgins, were eaten to gain, respectively, bravery, wisdom and purity. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Eaten alive: cannibalism enhanced by parasites,' Royal Society Open Science (2015). (phys.org)
- When the human bones look like they've been eaten without ceremony or ritual, showing gnaw marks on the bones or gashes where the tendons would have been, archaeologists have chalked the motivation for cannibalism to the fact that there's a decent amount of meat on a human, says James Cole , an archaeologist at the University of Brighton. (scpr.org)
- Eat or be eaten: Is cannibalism a pathology as listed in the DSM-IV? (straightdope.com)
- Cannibalism is prevalent in aquatic ecosystems, in which up to approximately 90% of the organisms[vague] engage in cannibalistic activity at some point in their life-cycle. (wikipedia.org)
- This time-lapse video captures the process of cell cannibalism, or entosis, in which one cell engulfs another. (the-scientist.com)
- We set out to identify the proteins that control cell cannibalism in tumour cells, but by using time-lapse microscopy to watch this process in action, we stumbled across a completely unexpected new mechanism," Jo Durgan of the Babraham Institute in Cambridge, U.K., says in a press release . (the-scientist.com)
- Either option, scientists say, is cannibalism. (pbs.org)
- Scientists from England, Australia, and Papua New Guinea say that cannibalism is the most likely explanation for their discovery that genes protecting against brain diseases that can be contracted by eating contaminated flesh have long been spread throughout the world. (nationalgeographic.com)
- Two German scientists, Miriam Haidle of Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum in Frankfurt, and J?rg Orschiedt of the University of Leipzig, who have previously studied bones found at the site dismiss Dr Boulestin's theory of cannibalism and suggest the removal of flesh was more likely to have been part of a reburial ritual. (phys.org)
- For example, Kelley (1991), and then Dietl and Alexander (2000) examined cannibalism by Miocene-Pleistocene naticid gastropods from Maryland. (palaeo-electronica.org)
- Human tooth marks and related damage on human bones from Gough's Cave provide "compelling evidence for exhaustive butchery and cannibalism of at least six individuals," says Paul Pettitt, an archaeologist at Durham University in England who did not participate in the new study. (thefreedictionary.com)
- All told, the evidence from Gough's Cave suggests to Bello that cannibalism there was both practical and ritualistic. (scientificamerican.com)
- The study, which will be published September 17 in the Journal of Cell Biology , suggests that this act of cannibalism provides these cancer cells with the energy they need to stay alive and initiate tumor relapse after the course of treatment is completed. (medicalxpress.com)
- Far more common is a practice known as sexual cannibalism, in which a female eats her mate during or immediately after having sex. (pbs.org)
- Sexual cannibalism is rife among insects and arachnids, like black widows, praying mantises, and scorpions. (pbs.org)
- vague] Sexual cannibalism normally involves the consumption of the male by the female individual before, during or after copulation. (wikipedia.org)
- Bolinger's comments about sexual arousal, clearly show he received sexual gratification from cannibalism fantasies. (thefreedictionary.com)
- There's plenty of mammals and animals that don't practice the kind of parental care, or sexual cannibalism or that lifeboat strategy. (cpr.org)
- Is the Subject Area "Sexual cannibalism" applicable to this article? (plos.org)
- Yeah, especially given the Western taboo around cannibalism, which has been around since the time of the Greeks, to find out that for hundreds of years, for many countries in Europe, pretty much every body part you can think of was used to cure something or the other. (cpr.org)
- 2010) investigated confamiliar predation in Pliocene naticids from southern France, and Serralta (2010) described cannibalism in Polinices marambioensis from the La Meseta Formation (Eocene) in Antarctica. (palaeo-electronica.org)
- On the other hand, cannibalism is considered the result of selective predation in order to maximize energy gain per unit foraging time, as shown by cost-benefit ratios (Kitchell et al. (palaeo-electronica.org)
- Agarwala BK, Dixon AFG (1992) Laboratory study of cannibalism and interspecific predation in ladybirds. (springer.com)
- Based on drillhole morphology and previous data under laboratory conditions these predatory holes are attributed to conspecifics, thus suggesting cannibalism. (palaeo-electronica.org)
- Although research on cannibalism in fossil muricid gastropods is extremely scarce, Spanier (1987) attributed drillholes in the Holocene muricid snail Chicoreus ramosus from the Red Sea to conspecifics, and Dávid (1997) found signs of cannibalism in the Oligocene of Hungary through muricid boring observed on the shells of muricid gastropods. (palaeo-electronica.org)
- Furthermore, at least a couple of records suggest cannibalism of conspecifics and this too has been seen in tyrannosaurs. (wordpress.com)
- Cannibalism evidence in historic Jamestown - Experts recovered bone fragments they identified as being from a 14-year-old girl. (cnn.com)
- Cannibalism evidence in historic Jamestown - They identified a number of features on the skull and tibia that indicated the individual was cannibalized. (cnn.com)
- Cannibalism evidence in historic Jamestown - Historians refer to this dark period of the colony as "the starving time," a period during which almost 80% of the colonists died. (cnn.com)
- Cannibalism evidence in historic Jamestown - The Smithsonian team used stereo-microscopic imagery to reveal the wounds, such as these sharp cuts on the bottom of a mandible. (cnn.com)
- Archaeologists excavating a trash pit at the Jamestown colony site in Virginia have found the first physical evidence of cannibalism among the desperate population corroborating written accounts left behind by witnesses. (houstonchronicle.com)
- There are five other historical accounts that refer to Jamestown cannibalism. (houstonchronicle.com)
- The grisly murder of a woman in a reported act of cannibalism which saw her alleged killer die after being Tasered by police has left villagers stunned. (heraldscotland.com)
- A German police officer was convicted of murder in 2015 for killing a man he met in an internet chat forum devoted to cannibalism. (wtnh.com)
- It explores the idea of medicine and/as monstrosity through the narrative's characters, spaces, and their correlation to narratives of medicine and/or murder and/or cannibalism-fictional and non-fictional-that already belonged to Victorian London's culture and spaces. (springer.com)
- Even if placentophagia qualifies as cannibalism, I don't see any rational objection to cannibalism per se, as long as it doesn't involve unethical practices like murder. (getbetterhealth.com)
- At trial - this was Germany's first cannibalism case - Meiwes's lawyer argued that the victim had been asking for it, a defense that the court seems to have bought at least partially, since the killer was convicted of manslaughter rather than murder and sentenced to eight and a half years. (straightdope.com)
- Instead, like incest, disease and other human misfortunes and taboos, the Puebloans attribute cannibalism to witches, regarded as the epitome of "everything that is opposite. (trussel.com)
- Neutrophil cannibalism triggers transforming growth factor β1 production and self regulation of neutrophil inflammatory function in monosodium urat. (nih.gov)
- Neutrophil cannibalism and TGFβ1 production have the potential to make a significant contribution to the controlled resolution of neutrophil-driven inflammatory diseases such as gout. (nih.gov)
- Latest research from the Malaghan Institute of Medical Research reveals how a form of neutrophil cannibalism could help ease the symptoms of gouty arthritis. (malaghan.org.nz)
- We are now exploring different ways to target neutrophil cannibalism in the joints, so we can switch off inflammation at the very early stages of a gout attack, thus minimising the pain it causes. (malaghan.org.nz)
- Evidence has been revealed that a type of dinosaur fell victim to occasional cannibalism. (thenakedscientists.com)
- Cannibalism as parental care also extends into the vertebrates, and a fascinating example occurs in the caecilians-a small order of legless amphibians. (the-scientist.com)
- Until now, the only convincing evidence of Neolithic cannibalism came from 6,000-year-old bones in a French cave, Boulestin holds. (wired.com)
- Evidence of cannibalism in Neolithic Europe is rare, but hundreds of remains excavated at a site near the village of Herxheim have markings suggestive of cannibalism. (phys.org)
- The problem becomes one of why cannibalism is not more frequent and found in places other than church communions, crucifixions, tribal parties, and the slogan "Eat me! (behavior.net)
- Diamond wonders why horrified critics deny that many societies have found cannibalism acceptable. (abc.net.au)
- Prosecutors were unable to say for certain whether cannibalism had taken place, but parts of the victim's body were never found, the German news site Der Spiegel reported. (wtnh.com)
- WASHINGTON - Archeologists have found the most conclusive evidence yet that the Anasazi people of North America's pre-Columbian southwest practiced cannibalism. (trussel.com)
- I have perused the Catechism of the Catholic church looking for the teaching on cannibalism and found nothing. (placentabenefits.info)
- These geneticists found that cannibalism may be more common than we initially thought: They proposed that we may, in fact, all be descendants of cannibals. (scienceline.org)
- Among primates, cannibalism can usually be accounted for by nutritional and environmental stress, or it appears as a reproductive strategy in which mothers, for example, consume their unhealthy infants to make way for more viable offspring. (slate.com)
- My question is, health wise, why is cannibalism unhealthy? (thethinkingatheist.com)
- Not that I'm thinking about trying it, but is cannibalism unhealthy? (scienceline.org)
- During the Holodomor, it was said that the only people to survive were those who resorted to cannibalism. (answerbag.com)
- Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 survivors resorted to cannibalism to survive, and there are not a lot of people who condemn that. (answerbag.com)
- To survive drought and fires, theropod dinosaurs likely resorted to scavenging and cannibalism, new research shows. (inverse.com)
- An evolutionary case for cannibalism. (slate.com)
- And indeed, at least one prominent evolutionary theorist, Lewis Petrinovich from the University of California, Riverside, has argued that cannibalism is a genuine biological adaptation common to all human beings-including those of you dry-heaving as you're reading this. (slate.com)
- He sees the perfect, natural sense of cannibalism, the evolutionary biology of eating one's own kind and, oddly, the wonder of it all. (cpr.org)
- To create his "nutritional template" for cannibalism, Cole used body-composition data published in the 1940s and '50s, drawn from four dead males between the ages of 35 and 65. (popsci.com.au)
- it's not the cannibalism itself,but the prion. (unexplained-mysteries.com)
- In other words, the data indicated no evidence that prion diseases or cannibalism significantly influenced human evolution. (scienceline.org)
- Prof. Jaume Bertranpetit, a scientist at the Universitat Pompeu Fabra, and his colleagues used a fresh set of genetic data to show that balancing selection associated with cannibalism has not been a major selective driving force on the prion protein gene, as has recently been proposed. (bio-medicine.org)
- The eucharist is symbolic cannibalism. (unexplained-mysteries.com)
Perfectly Natural History3
- In my new book Cannibalism: A Perfectly Natural History , I explored the practice across the animal kingdom with an eye toward why it occurs. (the-scientist.com)
- Cannibalism: A Perfectly Natural History. (the-scientist.com)
- That much makes sense, says Bill Schutt , a zoologist at Long Island University and the author of " Cannibalism: A Perfectly Natural History . (scpr.org)
- Cannibalism at the village, now called Herxheim, may have occurred during ceremonies in which people from near and far brought slaves, war prisoners or other dependents for ritual sacrifice, propose anthropologist Bruno Boulestin of the University of Bordeaux 1 in France and his colleagues. (wired.com)
- The problem with cannibalism is people s attitudes since they are often overridden by our feelings of repulsion and disgust. (freerepublic.com)
- However, instead of viewing this lack of language as a defect in Falk's character, it is my conviction that the grammar of barbarism and cannibalism embedded in the colonialist discourse of people like Hermann, combined with the overwhelming evidence of Falk's parsimony and rumours of a previous courtship, all conspire to render him inarticulate, with the status of the outcast or the Other. (thefreedictionary.com)
- She explained that cannibalism for survival-think Donner party-seems unlikely because the site contains a huge number of animal remains, suggesting that people were not starving. (scientificamerican.com)
- Nor does it do anything to let people know that taking bath salts could potentially lead to cannibalism - and other serious health issues. (villagevoice.com)
- Cole thinks that when cannibalism did happen among early humans, people might have just been taking advantage of a windfall of fresh meat rather than people hunting people for food. (scpr.org)
- Boulestin's team originally also thought the find was a reburial site, but they became convinced the people had been cannibalized after a detailed examination of 217 samples of bone from at least 10 people, including two unborn children, revealed chewing and scraping marks that were more consistent with cannibalism. (phys.org)
- A more accurate description of eating recycled dead people might be "cannibalism. (naturalnews.com)
- Or, in the case of feeding dead people to plants and then eating the plants, it might be called "cannibalism one-step removed. (naturalnews.com)
- People think that eating oneself is cannibalism, which technically this is not," argued Knight. (naturalnews.com)
- Human cannibalism was studied by James Cole, who proved that eating other people is bad. (pattayatoday.net)
- I hadn't heard of the medicinal cannibalism you described in Europe, starting with the Ancient Greek physician Galen of Pergamon and continuing to the 20th century. (cpr.org)
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- One of the common arguments against placentophagia, or consumption of the placenta, is that it is an act of cannibalism. (placentabenefits.info)
- Obviously, placentophagia is not cannibalism. (placentabenefits.info)
- Not that I need it proven to me that cannibalism is immoral, but because I would like to see and understand the principles of the argument, to see if the same may be applied to placentophagia. (placentabenefits.info)
- I had really not been aware of the extent of the cannibalism that took place during the Stalinist-enforced famine in the Ukraine in 1933 until I read Yale University history professor Timothy Snyder's shocking, unflinching depiction of it in Bloodlands , his groundbreaking new book about Hitler's and Stalin's near-simultaneous genocides. (slate.com)
- Snyder's book, while controversial in some respects, forces us to face the facts about the famine, and the cannibalism helps place the Ukraine famine in the forefront of debate, not as some mere agricultural misfortune, but as one of the 20th century's deliberate mass murders. (slate.com)
- It has been proposed that Aztec human sacrifice and cannibalism can best be explained as a response to population pressure and famine. (sciencemag.org)
- Cannibalism in colonial America? (cnn.com)
- There were tribes in what later became America that reportedly practiced cannibalism as well. (freerepublic.com)
- 2013. Cannibalism in Holocene muricid snails in the Beagle Channel, at the extreme southern tip of South America: an opportunistic response? (palaeo-electronica.org)
- Western popular imagination tends to associate cannibalism with folklore or primitive cultures, othering it as a barbaric (and fading) practice carried out by supernatural monsters or naked tribespeople in the plains of Africa and the jungles of South America. (litreactor.com)
- Cannibalism Normal For Early Humans? (nationalgeographic.com)
- And far more humans - and animals - have dipped into the world of cannibalism than you might have imagined. (cpr.org)
- No wonder, then, that evidence of cannibalism in ancient humans pops up in the archaeological record from time to time. (scpr.org)
- Besides, bigger, better prey was available to the ancient humans that appear to have practiced cannibalism. (scpr.org)
- While cannibalism has been practiced for various reasons, humans seem to generally avoid eating each other. (scienceline.org)
- Genetic documentation of filial cannibalism in nature" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
- Cannibalism is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. (thepoultrysite.com)
- The first step in a cannibalism control program is to select a genetic stock that is not prone to cannibalism and then give the birds the best care possible, including adequate feed, carefully managed lighting, safe housing and environmental enrichment. (thepoultrysite.com)
- Cannibalism is hardwired into our genetic heritage. (litreactor.com)
- The main title of the article says it all: Cannibalism is common in the animal kingdom. (freerepublic.com)
- While cannibalism is not a common practice, it typically has been recorded as a choice of last resort. (hubpages.com)
- We investigated the effects of a common parasite, the microsporidian Pleistophora mulleri, on the cannibalism rate of its host, the freshwater amphipod Gammarus duebeni celticus. (phys.org)
- A new analysis provides fresh insights into the human defleshing that occurred at this site and what motivated it-and hints that cannibalism may have been more common in prehistory than previously thought. (scientificamerican.com)
- In fact, Bello suspects that, given the practical benefits, cannibalism was relatively common in the past. (scientificamerican.com)
- Is Black Widow cannibalism common? (whatsthatbug.com)
- It's a particularly gruesome and extreme example of siblicide, the killing of one's siblings, and the a rare form of cannibalism within the womb. (pbs.org)
- Self-cannibalism makes sense for body tissues other than the brain, but why male neurons engaged in it to such a large extent is a mystery, Clark says. (scientificamerican.com)