The plant genus in the Cannabaceae plant family, Urticales order, Hamamelidae subclass. The flowering tops are called many slang terms including pot, marijuana, hashish, bhang, and ganja. The stem is an important source of hemp fiber.
The excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke from CANNABIS.
A psychoactive compound extracted from the resin of Cannabis sativa (marihuana, hashish). The isomer delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is considered the most active form, producing characteristic mood and perceptual changes associated with this compound.
Compound isolated from Cannabis sativa extract.
Compounds having the cannabinoid structure. They were originally extracted from Cannabis sativa L. The most pharmacologically active constituents are TETRAHYDROCANNABINOL; CANNABINOL; and CANNABIDIOL.
Psychotic organic mental disorders resulting from the toxic effect of drugs and chemicals or other harmful substance.
A physiologically inactive constituent of Cannabis sativa L.
Drugs obtained and often manufactured illegally for the subjective effects they are said to produce. They are often distributed in urban areas, but are also available in suburban and rural areas, and tend to be grossly impure and may cause unexpected toxicity.
Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.
Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
A subclass of cannabinoid receptor found primarily on central and peripheral NEURONS where it may play a role modulating NEUROTRANSMITTER release.
Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Drugs capable of inducing illusions, hallucinations, delusions, paranoid ideations, and other alterations of mood and thinking. Despite the name, the feature that distinguishes these agents from other classes of drugs is their capacity to induce states of altered perception, thought, and feeling that are not experienced otherwise.
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
A loosely defined grouping of drugs that have effects on psychological function. Here the psychotropic agents include the antidepressive agents, hallucinogens, and tranquilizing agents (including the antipsychotics and anti-anxiety agents).
Compounds that interact with and stimulate the activity of CANNABINOID RECEPTORS.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.
Individuals who leave school, secondary or college, prior to completion of specified curriculum requirements.
Compounds that interact with and modulate the activity of CANNABINOID RECEPTORS.
Disorders affecting TWINS, one or both, at any age.
Chronic mental disorders in which there has been an insidious development of a permanent and unshakeable delusional system (persecutory delusions or delusions of jealousy), accompanied by preservation of clear and orderly thinking. Emotional responses and behavior are consistent with the delusional state.
The co-existence of a substance abuse disorder with a psychiatric disorder. The diagnostic principle is based on the fact that it has been found often that chemically dependent patients also have psychiatric problems of various degrees of severity.
A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.
People who take drugs for a non-therapeutic or non-medical effect. The drugs may be legal or illegal, but their use often results in adverse medical, legal, or social consequences for the users.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
Clinical or physiological indicators that precede the onset of disease.
A class of G-protein-coupled receptors that are specific for CANNABINOIDS such as those derived from CANNABIS. They also bind a structurally distinct class of endogenous factors referred to as ENDOCANNABINOIDS. The receptor class may play a role in modulating the release of signaling molecules such as NEUROTRANSMITTERS and CYTOKINES.
A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Two offspring from the same PREGNANCY. They are from two OVA, fertilized at about the same time by two SPERMATOZOA. Such twins are genetically distinct and can be of different sexes.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Any of several South American shrubs of the Erythroxylon genus (and family) that yield COCAINE; the leaves are chewed with alum for CNS stimulation.
Factors associated with the definitive onset of a disease, illness, accident, behavioral response, or course of action. Usually one factor is more important or more obviously recognizable than others, if several are involved, and one may often be regarded as "necessary". Examples include exposure to specific disease; amount or level of an infectious organism, drug, or noxious agent, etc.
The misuse of phencyclidine with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.
The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Apparatus and instruments that generate and operate with ELECTRICITY, and their electrical components.
Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.
The study, control, and application of the conduction of ELECTRICITY through gases or vacuum, or through semiconducting or conducting materials. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Items used to aid in ending a TOBACCO habit.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Damage to any compartment of the lung caused by physical, chemical, or biological agents which characteristically elicit inflammatory reaction. These inflammatory reactions can either be acute and dominated by NEUTROPHILS, or chronic and dominated by LYMPHOCYTES and MACROPHAGES.
A condition of lung damage that is characterized by bilateral pulmonary infiltrates (PULMONARY EDEMA) rich in NEUTROPHILS, and in the absence of clinical HEART FAILURE. This can represent a spectrum of pulmonary lesions, endothelial and epithelial, due to numerous factors (physical, chemical, or biological).
Drugs that cannot be sold legally without a prescription.
Disorders related or resulting from abuse or mis-use of opioids.
The transfer of prescription drugs from legal to illegal distribution and marketing networks.
Compounds with activity like OPIATE ALKALOIDS, acting at OPIOID RECEPTORS. Properties include induction of ANALGESIA or NARCOSIS.
Improper use of drugs or medications outside the intended purpose, scope, or guidelines for use. This is in contrast to MEDICATION ADHERENCE, and distinguished from DRUG ABUSE, which is a deliberate or willful action.

Recent progress in the neurotoxicology of natural drugs associated with dependence or addiction, their endogenous agonists and receptors. (1/374)

Nicotine in tobacco, tetrahydrocannabinol (delta 9-THC) in marijuana and morphine in opium are well known as drugs associated with dependence or addiction. Endogenous active substances that mimic the effects of the natural drugs and their respective receptors have been found in the mammalian central nervous system (CNS). Such active substances and receptors include acetylcholine (ACh) and the nicotinic ACh receptor (nAChR) for nicotine, anandamide and CB1 for delta 9-THC, and endomorphins (1 and 2) and the mu (OP3) opioid receptor for morphine, respectively. Considerable progress has been made in studies on neurotoxicity, in terms of the habituation, dependence and withdrawal phenomena associated with these drugs and with respect to correlations with endogenous active substances and their receptors. In this article we shall review recent findings related to the neurotoxicity of tobacco, marijuana and opium, and their toxic ingredients, nicotine, delta 9-THC and morphine in relation to their respective endogenous agents and receptors in the CNS.  (+info)

Cannabis use and cognitive decline in persons under 65 years of age. (2/374)

The purpose of this study was to investigate possible adverse effects of cannabis use on cognitive decline after 12 years in persons under age 65 years. This was a follow-up study of a probability sample of the adult household residents of East Baltimore. The analyses included 1,318 participants in the Baltimore, Maryland, portion of the Epidemiologic Catchment Area study who completed the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) during three study waves in 1981, 1982, and 1993-1996. Individual MMSE score differences between waves 2 and 3 were calculated for each study participant. After 12 years, study participants' scores declined a mean of 1.20 points on the MMSE (standard deviation 1.90), with 66% having scores that declined by at least one point. Significant numbers of scores declined by three points or more (15% of participants in the 18-29 age group). There were no significant differences in cognitive decline between heavy users, light users, and nonusers of cannabis. There were also no male-female differences in cognitive decline in relation to cannabis use. The authors conclude that over long time periods, in persons under age 65 years, cognitive decline occurs in all age groups. This decline is closely associated with aging and educational level but does not appear to be associated with cannabis use.  (+info)

Nail analysis for drugs of abuse: extraction and determination of cannabis in fingernails by RIA and GC-MS. (3/374)

Fingernail clippings were evaluated as analytical specimens for the detection and quantitation of cannabinoids. Specimens were obtained from consenting adults attending a drug clinic, along with information concerning the drugs which they had used over the previous six months. Methods for the surface decontamination and extraction of the specimens were evaluated. Detergent, water, and methanol washes followed by alkaline hydrolysis and liquid-liquid extraction were selected for use in the study. Extracts were analyzed by radioimmunoassay (RIA) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) to detect and quantitate cannabinoids present in fingernail clippings. Positive RIA results were obtained from specimens from six known cannabis users. The mean cannabinoid concentration in fingernail clippings determined by RIA was 1.03 ng/mg. Using GC-MS, the mean delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol concentration in fingernail clippings from a further 14 known cannabis users was 1.44 ng/mg. Using GC-MS, the average 11-nor-delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid concentration in fingernail clippings from three known cannabis users extracted in acidic pH was 19.85 ng/mg. Based on these results, fingernails are potentially useful biological specimens for the detection of past cannabis use in cases of medicolegal interest.  (+info)

Urinary excretion profiles of 11-nor-9-carboxy-delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol: a delta9-THCCOOH to creatinine ratio study. (4/374)

Monitoring the major cannabinoid metabolite (delta9-THCCOOH) to creatinine ratio (M/C) has been used to predict new drug use. According to Huestis and Cone, the best accuracy (85.4%) for predicting new marijuana use was a ratio > or = 0.5 from two urine specimens collected at least 24 h apart. Manno et al. recommended an M/C ratio of > or = 1.5. Subjects with a history of chronic marijuana use were screened for cannabinoid use by immunoassay (50-ng/mL cutoff), and presumptive positives were confirmed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for delta9-THCCOOH (15-ng/mL cutoff). Creatinine was analyzed with a cutoff concentration of 25 mg/dL. The study objective was to apply the criteria from both groups of workers to determine if consecutive urine specimens (collected at least 24 h apart) positive for cannabinoids could be used to differentiate new marijuana use from the excretion of residual cannabinoid metabolite (delta9-THCCOOH) in an uncontrolled setting. Serial urine specimens (826) were collected from 26 individuals. Huestis and Cone and Manno et al. ratios indicated new drug use in 83% and 33% of serial urine specimens collected at least 24 h apart, respectively. Clinically, the Huestis and Cone ratio is recommended because of a lower false-negative rate (7.4%) than the Manno et al. false-negative rate (24%). In legal situations, we recommend using the Manno et al. ratio because of its lower false-positive rate (0.1%) as stated by Huestis and Cone.  (+info)

Marijuana: medical implications. (5/374)

Over 50 percent of people will use marijuana sometime in their life. While intoxication lasts two to three hours, the active ingredient in marijuana, delta-9-tetrahydro-cannabinol, can accumulate in fatty tissues, including the brain and testes. Adverse effects from marijuana use include decreased coordination, epithelial damage to the lungs, increased risk of infection, cardiovascular effects and cognitive deficits. Unexplained behavior changes, altered social relationships and poor performance at school or work can signify a drug problem. Treatment requires a combination of education, social support, drug monitoring and attention to comorbid medical and psychiatric conditions.  (+info)

Detection of drug misuse--an addictive challenge. (6/374)

It is now accepted that drug misuse is a large and growing problem in the United Kingdom, some estimates of the number of regular illicit drug users being as high as three million. The aim of this paper is to provide insight into the methods used to detect drug misuse. The strategy adopted by one laboratory is described and methods of screening for, and identification of, a wide range of compounds are provided. No claim is made that this is the best approach or that the list of drugs detected is comprehensive; the range of drugs encountered is always increasing and the lists are constantly updated. It is hoped that users of toxicology laboratory services will gain an appreciation of the capabilities and limitations of the techniques available; and that those who may wish to provide such a service will find the necessary information in a readily accessible format.  (+info)

Purification and some properties of an aminopeptidase from the seeds of Cannabis sativa. (7/374)

An aminopeptidase (HSA) with a molecular mass of 78 kDa was purified from hemp (Cannabis sativa) seeds. The activity was inhibited by monoiodeacetic acid, p-chloromercuri-phenylsulfonic acid, and Zn2+ ion. The specificity of HSA was similar to that of a leucyl aminopeptidase [EC 3.4.11.1] from mammalian cytosol. However, other enzyme properties were different from these of leucyl aminopeptidase.  (+info)

Marijuana smoking and reduced pressure in human eyes: drug action or epiphenomenon? (8/374)

Normal pressure within the human eye was reduced after smoking a socially relevant dose of marijuana (12 mg. delta9-9-tetrahydrocannabinol), but only for light to moderate users who experienced a substantial "high" and a state of peaceful relaxation from the experimental dose. Analysis suggests an indirect effect of the drug associated with relaxation-a psychophysiologic state that can be produced by drug and nondrug means.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Production of Δ1-tetrahydrocannabinolic acid by the biosynthetic enzyme secreted from transgenic Pichia pastoris. AU - Taura, Futoshi. AU - Dono, Emi. AU - Sirikantaramas, Supaart. AU - Yoshimura, Kohji. AU - Shoyama, Yukihiro. AU - Morimoto, Satoshi. PY - 2007/9/28. Y1 - 2007/9/28. N2 - Δ1-Tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) synthase is the enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative cyclization of cannabigerolic acid into THCA, the acidic precursor of Δ1-tetrahydrocannabinol. We developed a novel expression system for THCA synthase using a methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris as a host. Under optimized conditions, the transgenic P. pastoris secreted ∼1.32 nkat/l of THCA synthase activity, and the culture medium, from which the cells were removed, effectively synthesized THCA from cannabigerolic acid with a ∼98% conversion rate. The secreted THCA synthase was readily purified to homogeneity. Interestingly, endoglycosidase treatment afforded a deglycosylated THCA synthase with more ...
Shop Inactive tetrahydrocannabinolic acid synthase ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Inactive tetrahydrocannabinolic acid synthase Antibody at MyBioSource. Custom ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Antibody are available.
3.2-4112. Definitions.. As used in this chapter:. Grower means any person licensed pursuant to § 3.2-4115 to grow industrial hemp as part of the industrial hemp research program.. Hemp products means all products made from industrial hemp, including cloth, cordage, fiber, food, fuel, paint, paper, particleboard, plastics, seed, seed meal and seed oil for consumption, and seed for cultivation.. Industrial hemp means all parts and varieties of the plant Cannabis sativa, cultivated or possessed by a licensed grower, whether growing or not, that contain a concentration of THC that is no greater than that allowed by federal law. Industrial hemp as defined and applied in this chapter is excluded from the definition of marijuana as found in § 54.1-3401.. Industrial hemp research program means the research program established pursuant to § 3.2-4120.. Seed research means research conducted to develop or re-create better varieties of industrial hemp, particularly for the purposes of seed ...
Mediavilla, Vito and Simon Steinemann 1997. Essential oil of Cannabis sativa L. strains. Journal of the International Hemp Association 4(2): 80 - 82. The aroma of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) could be of considerable commercial value if evaluation of varieties and development of extraction methods led to a pleasing scent in the resulting essential oils. We compared the composition and smell of some fiber hemp and drug Cannabis essential oils isolated by steam distillation. The essential oil of some hemp strains contained particular monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes that imparted to the specimen a desireable scent. These preliminary one-year results do not take into account the influence that harvest time and the weather just-before-harvest could have on the quality of the essential oil. The Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) concentration in the essential oils was very low and varied between 0.02% and 0.08%. The ratio of this compound to cannabidiol showed only small changes during steam ...
Cannabis-induced anxiety affects many marijuana consumers. With legal weed becoming more common, more people are consuming too much cannabis and experiencing uncomfortable feelings. These 8 tips will help cure your anxiety though. From terpenes to CBD to exercise, there is something to help everyone. Next time youre too high in Downtown Denver or the airport, try one of these remedies!
You probably have a simple solution stocked in your kitchen that can subdue cannabis-induced paranoia and help bring you back to a state of stress-free euphoria.
The Terpenes and Testing Bi-Monthly digital magazine is a complete technical reference. This blog is separate from the magazine as it addresses the latest cannabis news, product reviews, and more colloquial subject matter. Please refer to our editorial content for a comprehensive assessment of these complicated practices ...
Fibre-type Cannabis sativa L. (commonly known as industrial hemp or hemp) is gaining a renewed interest nowadays, thanks to the biological relev..
Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2011 The Industrial Hemp Farming Act of 2011 - Identify industrial hemp by: Marty Paule (NaturalNews) Despite the proliferation of hemp products entering the green marketplace these days, there is still confusion among some consumers about the differences between industrial hemp and cannabis thats grown for recreational and medicinal marijuana.…
Cannabis sativa L. is a plant that belongs to the Cannabaceae family, once again becoming a protagonist in industrial production, with food purposes, for textile or building use, and for the production of paper. In it there are some drugs, but in varying percentages depending on the variety.
Welcome, cannabis aficionados. Let Cannabis Adventures take you around the burgeoning cannabis industry in America. Allow us to arrange your tour of the Colorado and Washington State cannabis dispensaries, pot farms and social activities for cannabis users to enjoy socially, responsibly and legally. Our adventures in the world of legal cannabis can help you plan your trip from A to Z, from travel arrangements, to cannabis friendly hotels, to workshop discussions, dispensary tours and cannabis activities. Whether you are looking for a Cannabis Cooking Class, a behind the scenes tour of one of the hundreds of legal dispensaries or a sampling tour, Cannabis Adventures has it all for you. Cannabis Adventures web site offers all this plus listings of current and coming cannabis events, Ask the Guru, Tales from a Stoners Daze and our specialty store. One of our favorite additions to the website is in our Tales from a Stoners Daze which is a page where the Guru is seeking out your influence ...
Background: Rimonabant, a CB1 receptor antagonist, blocks effects of cannabinoids and, in dependent animals, elicits cannabinoid withdrawal. No studies have examined rimonabantelicited cannabis withdrawal in humans.. Goals: (1) Determine the lowest single dose of oral rimonabant that elicits measurable cannabinoid withdrawal. (2) Characterize cognitive performance, subjective state, physiological condition, and regional brain activation (measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging [fMRI]) during acute and chronic administration of oral delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and during cannabis withdrawal. (3) Characterize the pharmacokinetics of oral THC and metabolites in body fluids and hair and of rimonabant in plasma.. Subject Population: Up to 60 completing cannabis users aged 18-45 (up to 24 in Experiment I, 36 in Experiment II) and 18 completing non-drug-using controls (Experiment II). Enrollment target is 82% Caucasian, 14% African American, 4% other; 9% Hispanic; 35% ...
Hemp, Cannabis sativa, is one of the worlds oldest sources of food and medicine, with a history that dates back ten thousand years. It relieves glaucoma, epilepsy, migraines, insomnia, asthma, the nausea associated with AIDS and chemotherapy, and a host of other conditions. It was once a staple in every American medicine cabinet, but because hemp is the plant from which marijuana is derived, it has been unavailable to consumers until recently. Now products made from imported hempseed are sold by stores and mail-order companies across the United States to satisfy a growing demand. Hemp for Health reveals the developments that have returned this ancient plant to the forefront of health and nutrition and that have doctors calling for its legalization.The author provides everything from recipes using hempseed, and an analysis of cannabiss therapeutic effect on the nervous system, to current information on bills that are currently moving through several state legislatures to legalize domestic hemp
For many anesthesiologists, discussions with patients and colleagues about cannabis have been occurring more often. Cannabis, also called marijuana, contains various components that activate the endocannabinoid system, including delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), both of which have been topics of national discourse.1,2 The need for better evidence regarding the effects of cannabis and its various cannabinoid and noncannabinoid components that impact the health of patients is especially heightened as cannabis is increasingly viewed by patients as an alternative to opioids. One question relevant to the anesthesiology community is whether patients who have a diagnosis of active cannabis use disorder have an increased risk of negative outcomes after surgery. Here, it is important to differentiate use of cannabis from cannabis use disorder, in which patients have problems from cannabis use that lead to significant impairment.... ...
Historical cannabis. The cannabis was restricted by the early Islamic world during the 14th century. And by the 19th century is started to restrict in foreign countries. At that time cannabis also results in racial discrimination. By the 20th century, it was found to be restricted approximately all over the world. But in this 21st century, some nations changed their session regarding the usage of cannabis. Netherland became the first nation for the legalizement of cannabis. After that Uruguay recreates cannabis and in 2015 it legalizes cannabis. It also ties up with Canada in this process. South Africa establish its legalizement in 2018 but with the rule that cannabis should be used at home alone. Cannabis is considered to be an indigenous product of India and Asia. Hemp is used instead of cannabis during the early periods. From 8000BC cannabis is found to be cultivated in Japan. It was proved by architecture in the Islands. It was used for its fire character and for its psychoactive ...
We determined the prevalence and correlates of cannabis use in Massachusetts after recreational use was passed, but before recreational cannabis stores opened. A cross-sectional, population-based survey of Massachusetts adults, age 18 years or older, (n = 3,022) was conducted in November-December, 2017. We estimated population-level prevalence and correlates of past 30-day cannabis use. 21.1% [95% CI: 18.6, 23.6] of Massachusetts adults reported past 30-day cannabis use. Among cannabis users, 56.0% [CI 49.1, 62.9] reported non-medical cannabis use, 15.5% [12.1, 18.9] reported medical cannabis use, and 28.5% [CI 22.3, 34.8] reported both types of use. Men were more likely than women to use cannabis (Risk Ratio: 1.3 [CI 1.1, 1.6]), as were young adults (18-25 years old), those with lower socioeconomic status, non-parenting individuals, those who used alcohol (1.9 [CI 1.4, 2.6]) or other substances (1.7 [CI 1.3, 2.4]), and residents of Western Massachusetts (2.0 [1.3, 3.0]; ref: Boston area), the ...
Medical Marijuana, Inc. subsidiary HempMeds® Brasil invited doctors from Brazil to an educational symposium on CBD, scientific research, and best practices for prescribing it. The event was hosted at Medical Marijuana, Inc.s offices in downtown San Diego on Monday, April 30.. The doctors in attendance toured the Medical Marijuana, Inc. home offices, meeting with Medical Marijuana, Inc. and HempMeds® Brasil executives and employees and seeing the hard work put in to ensuring that patients in Brazil have access to the CBD products prescribed by their doctors.. The group then gathered in our boardroom overlooking the beautiful San Diego Bay for presentations by Medical Marijuana, Inc. executives and noted clinical researchers that explored CBD and its many health and wellness benefits and detailed Medical Marijuana, Inc.s efforts to spread access to CBD to patients throughout Latin America.. Speakers at the event included Medical Marijuana, Inc. and HempMeds® Brasil executives, CBD advocates, ...
Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit substance in the world (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2018). Despite past criminalization, various states have begun to decriminalize cannabis for recreational and medical use; however, research on the effect of cannabis use on mental health is divided. Research on specific mental health disorders, like generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), and cannabis use is lacking. This study aimed to understand whether cannabis use affected individuals likelihood of meeting criteria for GAD by using a nationally representative longitudinal dataset. Results indicated that the inclusion of cannabis use did not explain additional variability in meeting criteria for GAD, suggesting that the relationship between GAD and cannabis use is not a straightforward causal relationship. Secondary analysis indicated history of anxiety or mood disorder and seeking mental health were significant predictors at all levels of GAD. Findings highlight the need to further explore the
Biologically speaking, cannabis and hemp plants fall under the same single plant species. However, two distinct variants of Cannabis sativa L. exist. The difference can be seen in their outward appearance, at least to some extent. Cannabis plants are usually grown for their full flower buds rich in resin glands. These specimens are usually broad-leaved with compact buds or colas. Hemp plants, by contrast, are usually thinner and stretchier, and often much taller than their non-hemp cannabis relatives. In addition, their buds are usually smaller, with less resin covering the flowers. Still, the difference can be hard to tell, so the best way to keep these two variants apart is by looking at how they are used. The main difference between hemp and non-hemp cannabis is the THC content of both kinds. Cannabis sativa L. plants can only be called hemp plants as long as they contain less than .3% THC. That is far too little to cause a high effect. Just for reference: marijuana cannabis available in ...
for individual ingestion.. Cannabis Science and Pot is Quite Different. You use a plant from which THC may be expressed. THC could be your component thats accountable for thehigher that many users knowledge. With Cannabis Science you might be simply searching for the genes thatll get the plant to grow in a manner that is particular out.. In the event you tried to cultivate Cannabis that you have to always masterpapers do it the tricky way. Always remember that the key to Cannabis Science will be to cultivate Cannabis plants in an identical way everytime because this is going to lead to development patterns.. Know what each one develops best and Now, you would need to research the genetics of ones plants. This is going to make your Cannabis Science much easier. But, you might need to perform slightly more research in order to locate.. When it arrives to Cannabis Genetics, Something else you should consider when analyzing Cannabis Genetics is that there are no true tell tale signs. This means ...
M lleken, H. and H. Husmann 1997. Cannabinoids in seed extracts of Cannabis sativa cultivars. Journal of the International Hemp Association 4(2): 73, 76-79. Cannabinoids are of great interest for pharmaceutical and medical purposes. However, as some of them are also used as recreational drugs, forensic and economic problems could result if they occur in food products made from hemp seeds with cannabinoid concentrations that are high enough to have a psychoactive effect. We have therefore (a) developed a method to determine cannabinoids in microgram quantities in every hemp product or in any part of the plant within 15-30-minutes analysis time and (b) analyzed various hemp oils and plant extracts of Cannabis cultivars from the EU and other regions to determine their cannabinoid content. Our investigations have proven that the active substance cannot be found inside the achene, but may be attached to the shell (pericarp) of the fruit. Thus, the content of THC in hemp oil can come only as a result ...
What is the difference between Cannabis Sativa Seed Oil (also called Hemp Seed Oil), and CBD?. Cannabis Sativa Seed Oil (or Hemp Seed Oil) and CBD are not the same thing. Cannabis Sativa Seed Oil (or Hemp Seed Oil) comes from cold pressing the seeds of the Hemp plant and contains no Cannabinoids because theyre not present in Hemp seeds. CBD, on the other hand, is extracted from the flower and leaves of the Hemp plant, which are high in Cannabinoids. Cannabis Sativa Seed Oil (or Hemp Seed Oil) is great for moisturizing the skin, but that is all it does. While the Cannabinoids found in CBD are responsible for skin saving benefits such as its anti-inflammatory properties that help reduce the appearance of acne and redness (and have been reported to help soothe rosacea, psoriasis and eczema), along with antioxidant and neuro-regenerative properties that help to slow the visible signs of aging. ...
Passage of the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018 (commonly known as the Farm Bill) into law on Thursday, December 20, 2018 is anticipated to encourage rapid growth in the burgeoning U.S. hemp industry. The $867 billion Farm Bill legalizes industrial hemp, a boon for cannabidiol, or CBD oil. Under the Farm Bill, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will regulate hemp, which will no longer be considered a controlled substance under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ). The Bill will go into effect January 1, 2019.. Industrial hemp is considered any part of the cannabis plant with no more than 0.3 percent of tetrahydrocannabibol (THC) on a dry weight basis. Farm Bill Sec. 10113 (amending 7 U.S.C. 1621 et seq.). Section 12619 of the Farm Bill formally removes hemp-derived products from Schedule I status under the Controlled Substances Act, although it does not legalize CBD more broadly. The Farm Bill authorizes CBD only to the extent that it is contained in hemp ...
Passage of the Agricultural Improvement Act of 2018 (commonly known as the Farm Bill) into law on Thursday, December 20, 2018 is anticipated to encourage rapid growth in the burgeoning U.S. hemp industry. The $867 billion Farm Bill legalizes industrial hemp, a boon for cannabidiol, or CBD oil. Under the Farm Bill, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) will regulate hemp, which will no longer be considered a controlled substance under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ). The Bill will go into effect January 1, 2019.. Industrial hemp is considered any part of the cannabis plant with no more than 0.3 percent of tetrahydrocannabibol (THC) on a dry weight basis. Farm Bill Sec. 10113 (amending 7 U.S.C. 1621 et seq.). Section 12619 of the Farm Bill formally removes hemp-derived products from Schedule I status under the Controlled Substances Act, although it does not legalize CBD more broadly. The Farm Bill authorizes CBD only to the extent that it is contained in hemp ...
Botanically speaking, marijuana and hemp are derived from the same plant: Cannabis sativa.. However, they are both different varieties but the major differentiator is in how they are used. Hemp is widely cultivated and harvested for its seed and stalk, which are then used to create a wide range of industrial products including paper, textile, building materials, body care products, and even food.. Hemp isnt generally smoked, although a small niche of CBD users are staring to try CBD pre-rolled joints and CBD hemp flower, because it only contains roughly 0.3% of THC, which is what gets you high.. Meanwhile, marijuana is used recreationally or medicinally for its other chemical compounds such as THC and CBD. It contains 5% or more THC, sometimes as much as 25% THC.. Industrial hemps low THC content is what makes it legal throughout the country, largely in part because of the 2018 Farm Bill. Because of the many uses of hemp, the market is estimated to grow 34% annually, reaching a valuation of a ...
For many new medical Cannabis patients in South Africa, Cannabis and Cannabis terminology may be quite daunting. From words such as the Entourage Effect, Endocannabioid system to Cannabinoids, a lot of these terms might as well be a foreign language. But dont fear were here to help you understand more about the Cannabis plant and its many medicinal properties.. The field of cannabis research is vast and diverse. From biochemical studies of the plant itself to physiological and chemical studies of its pharmacology to psychological and social research into its effects, researchers studying cannabis produce the knowledge at the foundation of industry innovation and public policy. Yet perhaps the most important research being done in this new era of expanded access to legal Cannabis pertains to just one facet of the plant: the humble cannabinoid. Cannabinoids, the chemicals that qualify the plant as a drug, are the sine qua non of the commercial and medical significance of Cannabis.. Cannabis ...
This is a list of the annual prevalence of cannabis use by country (including some territories) as a percentage of the population aged 15-64 (unless otherwise indicated). The indicator is an annual prevalence rate which is the percentage of the youth and adult population who have consumed cannabis at least once in the past survey year. The primary source of information is the World Drug Report 2011 (WDR 2011), some older numbers are from the World Drug Report 2006 (WDR 2006), published by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Cannabis portal Adult lifetime cannabis use by country Decriminalization of non-medical marijuana in the United States Health issues and the effects of cannabis Illegal drug trade Legal and medical status of cannabis Legality of cannabis by country Removal of cannabis from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs World Drug Report 2011. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). Cannabis stats are from Chapter ...
With regards to discovering acceptance amongst physicians in medical apply, although, utilizing an exogenous cannabinoid supply just like the hashish plant could be controversial as a result of hashish cant but be particularly focused on the system thats out of whack.. Some physicians characterize hashish as a soiled drug as a result of it doesnt attain only one receptor, or one organ, or one symptom. It goes to all receptors all through the physique.. Roger Pertwee is a medical professor on the College of Aberdeen and the editor of Handbook of Hashish (Oxford College Press, 2014), one of many subjects definitive textbooks. He prefers to name hashish a treasure chest of medication.. Every hashish pressure comprises a singular concoction of cannabinoids and terpenes that when consumed collectively, as a complete plant drugs, can ship a variety of results. A affected person could expertise symptom reduction from a number of of their signs, however they could additionally really feel ...
Aims To assess if cannabis use is a risk factor for future psychotic symptoms, and vice versa, in adolescents and young adults from the general population.. Design Cohort study.. Setting/participants Zuid Holland study, a 14-year follow-up study of 1580 initially 4-16-year-olds who were drawn randomly from the Dutch general population. Because cannabis use is generally condoned in the Netherlands, false-negative reports of cannabis use may occur less frequently than in countries with stricter drug policies, which supports the value of the present study.. Measurements Life-time cannabis use and psychotic symptoms, assessed with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI).. Findings Cannabis use, in individuals who did not have psychotic symptoms before they began using cannabis, predicted future psychotic symptoms (hazard ratio = 2.81; 95% confidence interval = 1.79-4.43). However, psychotic symptoms in those who had never used cannabis before the onset of psychotic symptoms also ...
abstractNote = {Cannabis is a drug derived from hemp plant, Cannabis sativa, used both as a recreational drug or as medicine. It is a widespread illegal substance, generally smoked for its hallucinogenic properties. Little is known about the adverse effects of postnatal cannabis exposure throw breast feeding because of a lack of studies in lactating women. The active substance of cannabis is the delta 9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Some studies conclude that it could decrease motor development of the child at one year of age. Therefore, cannabis use and abuse of other drugs like alcohol, tobacco, or cocaine must be contraindicated during breast feeding. Mothers who use cannabis must stop breast feeding, or ask for medical assistance to stop cannabis use in order to provide her baby with all the benefits of human milk ...
Along with legalizing cannabis comes the need to legislate its use, and one potential safety issue that lawmakers grapple with is the effect of cannabis on drivers. But is criminalizing cannabis use while driving worth the effort?. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) can produce mind-altering effects on its consumers which some say presents safety concerns for those on the road. To date, eleven states plus Washington D.C. have legalized recreational cannabis, with other states contemplating their own legislation.. According to data acquired by the Governors Highway Safety Association (GHSA) from surveying cannabis users in Colorado and Washington - two states where recreational cannabis is legal - THC levels increased in drivers on the road and among drivers involved in collisions since its legalization. Fatal crashes involving cannabis use also increased in both Washington and Colorado.. These results reflect a correlation but not a causation. If more people were using cannabis, other statistics would ...
THCA is tetrahydrocannabinolic acid found in live, unprocessed Cannabis plants. THCA is transformed into THC as Cannabis plants dry, and then further accelerated by heat (like, when you light the bud…). Elevate with THCA in its most authentic Crystalline form, where potencies can reach 99.9%. The purest of extracts can be used in your favorite dab rig or vape for a clean, clear and energetic high.. Each Order Contains 1Gram ...
Cannabis use can be documented as far back as 2700BC(1) in ancient Chinese writings. These writings tell us that cannabis was used by the Chinese for a variety of uses. These included fiber, oil, and as a medicine. By 450bc history tells us that cannabis was being cultivated in the mid-east region. From Afghanistan to Egypt hemp was cultivated for its fiber, medical and recreational use. It appears that Cannabis was first introduced into Europe around 500AD. It is known that cannabis was in wide cultivation in Europe by the 16th century. It was cultivated for its fiber and seed. The seed was cooked with barley and other grains and eaten.. In 1537 Dioscorides called the plant Cannabis Sativa, the scientific name that stands to this day as the plants true name. He notes its use in the stoutest cords and also its medicinal properties(2). Cannabis was introduced into Chile about 1545(3) where it was grown for fiber. Cannabis was introduced into New England soon after Puritan Immigrants settled, ...
Objective: Comorbidity between anxiety and cannabis use is common yet the nature of the association between these conditions is not clear. Four theories were assessed, and a fifth hypothesis tested to determine if the misattribution of stress symptomology plays a role in the association between state-anxiety and cannabis.Methods: Three-hundred-sixteen participants ranging in age from 18 to 71 years completed a short online questionnaire asking about their history of cannabis use and symptoms of stress and anxiety.Results: Past and current cannabis users reported higher incidence of lifetime anxiety than participants who had never used cannabis; however, these groups did not differ in state-anxiety, stress, or age of onset of anxiety. State-anxiety and stress were not associated with frequency of cannabis use, but reported use to self-medicate for anxiety was positively associated with all three. Path analyses indicated two different associations between anxiety and cannabis use, pre-existing and high
Cannabis dispensaries in the United States or marijuana dispensaries are a local government regulated physical location, typically inside a retail storefront or office building, in which a person can purchase cannabis and cannabis related items for medical or recreational use. First modeled in Amsterdam in the late 1970s where they were innocently called coffee shops, it would take the Americans more than a generation to successfully duplicate the idea of a retail cannabis storefront. Unlike the Dutch coffee shops, today dispensary customers are prevented from consuming cannabis on the site of a regulated dispensary in all known markets. In a traditional Medical cannabis dispensary store a patient receives cannabis medication as allowed per the patients doctors recommendation.[1] These dispensaries sell cannabis products that have not been approved by the FDA and are not legally registered with the federal government.[2] As of 2016 there are state regulated marijuana dispensaries in ...
what cannabinoid receptors do majorityof his professional life studying cannabis from the 1960s to Industrial Hemp Oil Suppliers 2000s.. Nanoengineered? Yeah you guessed it. So the total ingredients of NatureCBD are? Hybrid-nanoengineeredCBD -10 mg Curcumin 100 mg Magnesium 100 mg NatureCBDalso comes with afeel the difference? money-back guarantee. Industrial Hemp Oil Suppliers That means Im so confident this is going to be a game-changer for you if youre stressed anxious have difficulty sleeping need to lower inflammation control appetite or get any of the other benefits of smoking weed without actually smoking weed that NatureCBD has an unconditional 30-day money-back guarantee.. It may easily be added to salad dressings pasta vegetables smoothies soups sauces hummus guacamole pesto or other foods after the natural levels of cannabinoids heating/baking has been completed. Hemp cannabidiol oil 100 seed oil may be added to any body care or cosmetic product including creams lotions facial or ...
Even though cannabis is now legal for adult-users who are over 21 years old, several cities and counties throughout California have taxed cannabis to the Moon or made it difficult to access in dispensaries.. By getting a cannabis medical card you can bypass this issue and have direct access to over 1,000 medical cannabis dispensaries throughout California! And thats not it. There are several other benefits of having your California medical cannabis card in 2018, such as:. 1. Increasing the amount of cannabis plants you can grow at home from 6 to 12 plants (in select counties).. 2. Increasing the amount of cannabis in your possession and transportation - from 1 ounce up to 8 ounces.. 3. Additional legal protection for yourself when dealing with law enforcement.. Acquiring a cannabis medical card will also be the first step in being able to apply for Californias State Issued Medical Marijuana Identification Card program. The MMIC program is a California state program that allows you to avoid ...
Amsterdam, The Netherlands: The regular use of cannabis by young people is not associated with hippocampal volume alterations, according to case-control longitudinal data published online ahead of print in the Journal of Psychopharmacology.. Investigators from the Netherlands and the United Kingdom conducted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans at baseline and at follow up (average of 39-months post-baseline) in 20 habitual cannabis users and in 23 non-using controls.. Authors reported: Compared to controls, cannabis users did not show hippocampal volume alterations at either baseline or follow-up. Hippocampal volumes increased over time in both cannabis users and controls, following similar trajectories of increase. Cannabis dose and age of onset of cannabis use did not affect hippocampal volumes.. They concluded, Continued heavy cannabis use did not affect hippocampal neuroanatomical changes in early adulthood. … These data suggest that cannabis users show the same developmental trends ...
pain pills.. The promising benefits of medical marijuana have caused a 15-fold increase in veterans seeking cannabis for treatment. However, Veterans Affairs Canada is known to discourage veterans from using medical marijuana and is reluctant to pay for the treatment.. The federal government has recently announced the former 10 gram limit will be reduced to three grams, which is primarily due to the increasing cost. Veterans Affairs Minister Kent Hehr explained that in 2016, about $75 million was set aside for medical cannabis because of the increase of veterans who want to use medical marijuana to treat PTSD. Henry believes the Canadian governments unwillingness to provide medical marijuana to veterans is also because of the governments official position on cannabis, which was made known in a report by Michael Ferguson, Canadas Auditor General.. It is thought the governments stand on medical marijuana may make it difficult for veterans to get a prescription, which is because doctors are now ...
According to a new study, tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), a compound found in cannabis, may be useful in treating neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory diseases.
Beware 2020 Could Be A Banner Year For IRS Audits Of Cannabis Businesses. We previously reported in our blog that the Trump Administration organized a committee of federal agencies from across the government to combat public support for marijuana and cast state legalization measures in a negative light while attempting to portray the drug as a national threat. The IRS appears to be following the agenda of the Trump Administration when it comes to Cannabis and has formed special audit groups that are tasked with conducting cannabis tax audits on medical and recreational cannabis businesses. Yes - Cannabis Businesses Have to Report Income To IRS And Pay Taxes!. While the sale of cannabis is legal in California as well as in a growing number of states, cannabis remains a Schedule 1 narcotic under Federal law, the Controlled Substances Act (CSA) 21 U.S.C. § 812. As such businesses in the cannabis industry are not treated like ordinary businesses. Despite state laws allowing cannabis, it remains ...
Cannabis, like other drugs, can be harmful to your health. The risks are increased when use begins in the teen years and when cannabis is used on a daily or near-daily basis. People with a history of drug and/or mental health problems are also at an increased risk for experiencing harms related to cannabis use.. What are the short-term risks of using cannabis? Cannabis has different effects on different people which vary depending on many factors including the type and amount of product used. Some people who use cannabis may feel relaxed and happy. Others may become quiet and withdrawn or experience anxiety, panic attacks, fearfulness and paranoia. Some of the immediate physical effects of cannabis are red eyes, increased heart rate, drop in blood pressure, and light-headedness. When high on cannabis people may also experience altered senses (for example, seeing brighter colors), altered sense of time, reduced balance and coordination, difficulty with thinking and problem-solving and difficulty ...
As medical cannabis takes its place into the mainstream culture, there are millions of people that are becoming aware and educated on the multiple benefits and advantages of cannabinoids and THC level. Cannabis consumption allows for lower resistance to insulin. Consuming medical cannabis also facilitates functions related to metabolism and it also helps to improve fasting insulin. Cannabis and metabolism and weight loss is an important topic to many cannabis users. Physical Activities People engaged in a lot of physical activities benefit greatly from consuming medical cannabis on a daily basis. Athletes, for example with injuries find that their pain is relieved after ingesting medical cannabis. Exercise, in general, improves the physical health and when combined with ...
A common classification is the chemotypical division into a drug type, an intermediate type and a fiber type (Brenneisen 1987). The content of the most important psychotropic compound, the cannabinoid THC, is high in Cannabis of the drug type and low in the fiber hemp (Table 1). The THC content in industrial hemp that farmers may cultivate for subsidy in the European Union, and are permitted to grow in Canada, is restricted to a maximum of 0.3% with CBD:THC ratio of ,2:1. Australia has recently raised this level to 1%. Cannabidiol, a non-psychotropic compound, is the predominant cannabinoid in these hemp varieties. The median THC concentration of confiscated marijuana in the USA in 1997 was 4.2% (ElSohly 1998). Hemp with a THC-content lower than 1%, and also with a CBD-content higher than it s THC, was not classified as marijuana in this analysis of 35,312 samples confiscated in the USA between 1980 and 1997, but as ditchweed (ElSohly 1998). Ditchweed is feral hemp, wild-growing and weedy ...
The scheduling under the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs assumes a scientific justification. However, cannabis and cannabis resin have never been evaluated by the World Health Organisation (WHO) since it was mandated the review of psychoactive substances in 1948. The last evaluation for the international substance control conventions were therefore when the League of Nations evaluated them in 1924 and 1935.. In 80 years since that decision, both the social context of cannabis use and the science of drug dependence have dramatically changed. Yet, because there has never been a formal review, both herbal cannabis and cannabis resin continue to remain under the strictest drug control regime possible. As a result, in the absence of a recent scientific assessment, the continued prohibition of cannabis is completely illegitimate even though it may be legal.. With this wide ranging report (discussing topics from its effects on cognition and learning to mental health and therapeutic benefits), ...
Individuals will be recruited who are currently users of cannabis and alcohol to participate in this study. They will undergo a physical exam at screening. There will be six study visits where the subject will arrive at the Clinical Research Unit(University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics) the night before dosing. At each visit subjects will be receive one of the following six dosing regimens: placebo alcohol with placebo cannabis; placebo alcohol with low-dose cannabis, placebo alcohol with higher-dose of cannabis, low dose alcohol with placebo cannabis; low dose alcohol with low dose cannabis, low dose alcohol with higher-dose of cannabis. After dosing, participants will have provide saliva samples and blood drawn periodically to check cannabis levels and will complete a driving simulation. After completing the drive, additional saliva samples and blood draws will occur and participants will be monitored until it is safe to transport home ...
(Prevalence of Daily Cannabis Use Among Youth in Canada) Eight of the nine provinces with student drug use surveys ask about daily or almost daily use of cannabis in the past month. Overall, 2.2-5.3% of students report smoking cannabis every day or almost every day in the past 30 days (Table 31 and Figure 31). In four of the eight provinces, the prevalence of daily or almost daily cannabis use was significantly greater among males than females (Table 32 and Figure 32). When examined by grade, the same pattern as noted in all previous indicators emerges.
Cannabis plants, just like any other plant, need to be harvested when their maturity time comes. New cannabis growers may be wary of when to harvest cannabis plants. Cannabis plants will vary in time to reap, depending on the type of strain. Different strains offer different harvesting times. However, in all strains, it is essential to note the exact flowering date.. This is important since the flowering date is the determinant of the harvest time in all strains. Flowering dates will also vary depending on the strain. For instance, Sativa Dominant strains will take up to twenty-four weeks after flowering to be mature for harvest. In contrast, the Indica dominant strain will take up to eight weeks after flowering to be ripe for harvest. Other strains will range between eight to ten weeks. However, knowing when the plants are mature for yield does not entirely depend on the time frame of flowering.. Additionally, one can know if the plant is ready for harvest if you notice a change of color on the ...
Ever wonder what the top 3 reasons women consume cannabis were? Luckily, a cannabis lifestyle brand has the answers you want.. A recent survey reveals the top 3 reasons women consume cannabis. This in-depth study of women and cannabis use comes from the female-focused cannabis lifestyle brand Van der Pop. Their goal was to learn more about the demographic they aspire to serve to the highest standard. Heres what else the survey found.. The Survey. While medical marijuana programs, and to a lesser extent legalized recreational weed, are spreading throughout the United States, our neighbors to the north gear up for a nation-wide lift on cannabis prohibition. It seems that both countries are moving toward a happier, greener future. But we cant make any meaningful changes without data!. The Seattle-based cannabis lifestyle brand, Van der Pop, primarily serves female clientele. To better understand the needs and concerns of their client base, they conducted a survey. The survey attracted a grand ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Residual Effects of THC via Novel Measures of Brain Perfusion and Metabolism in a Large Group of Chronic Cannabis Users. AU - Filbey, Francesca M.. AU - Aslan, Sina. AU - Lu, Hanzhang. AU - Peng, Shin Lei. PY - 2018/3/1. Y1 - 2018/3/1. N2 - Given the known vascular effects of cannabis, this study examined the neurophysiological factors that may affect studies of brain activity in cannabis users. We conducted a systematic evaluation in 72 h abstinent, chronic cannabis users (N=74) and nonusing controls (N=101) to determine the association between prolonged cannabis use and the following neurophysiological indicators: (1) global and regional resting cerebral blood flow (CBF), (2) oxygen extraction fraction (OEF), and (3) cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO 2). We found that cannabis users had greater global OEF and CMRO 2 compared with nonusers. Regionally, we found higher CBF in the right pallidum/putamen of the cannabis users compared with nonusers. Global resting CBF and ...
Battle of two Cannabonoids: CBD VS CBN. Know the difference in properties, Effects and Side Effects of these. One of the first cannabinoids to be isolated, CBN is emerging as a potential An illustration of a Cannabinol (CBN) molecular structure CBD Isolate vs. Cannabinol, or CBN, is a mildly psychoactive component found in cannabis which, like strongly psychoactive THC, is derived from tetrahydrocannabinolic acid 28 Jan 2020 Heard of CBD but not CBN? While less heard of than other cannabinoids, CBN (cannabinol) is becoming popular for its range of therapeutic Beyond THC & CBD: What You Need to Know About CBC, CBN & CBG common cannabinoids, including tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Dear IDMU, What is the difference between CBD & CBN. I hear a lot about these & know they relate to cannabis but what are they. Ive been told that one ...
Abstract Objective: Cannabis use is associated with a younger age at onset of psychosis, an indicator of poor prognosis, but better cognitive function, a positive prognostic indicator. We aimed to clarify the role of age at onset and cognition on outcomes in cannabis users with first-episode schizophrenia as well as the effect of cannabis dose and cessation of use. Methods: Ninety-nine patients without alcohol or substance abuse other than cannabis were divided into lifetime users and never-users of cannabis and compared on measures of premorbid function, cognition, and clinical outcome. Results: Cannabis users demonstrated better cognition at psychosis onset, which was explained by higher premorbid IQ. They also showed better social function and neither measure changed over the subsequent 15 months. Cannabis users had an earlier age at onset of psychosis, and there was a strong linear relationship between age at first cannabis use and age at onset of both prodromal and psychotic symptoms. ...
Marketing Cannabidiol (CBD) in the EU has become more complex and, in some cases, is subject to national restrictions. Shops selling products containing Cannabidiol (CBD) are popping-up across Europe drawing more and more attention on the legality, write Katia Merten-Lentz and Manon Ombredane of international law firm Keller & Heckman. Cannabis sativa L is a well-known plant made up of more than 480 compounds, including over 100 cannabinoids composed of both psychoactive and non-psychoactive compounds including CBD. CBD contained in food products like tinctures is often derived from the industrial hemp variety cannabis sativa L. which contains low level of Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (|0,2%). Setting aside the question of the classification of cannabis under International Drug Control Conventions and the possible safety issue related to the presence of THC, food containing CBD must - as any other foodstuff - comply with the food legislation. This includes Regulation (EU) 2015/2283 on
Persistent cannabis use over 20 y was associated with neuropsychological decline, and greater decline was evident for more persistent users. This effect was concentrated among adolescent-onset cannabis users, a finding consistent with results of several studies showing executive functioning or verbal IQ deficits among adolescent-onset but not adult-onset chronic cannabis users (8, 10, 14, 15), as well as studies showing impairment of learning, memory, and executive functions in samples of adolescent cannabis users (11⇓-13, 32).. The present study advances knowledge in five ways. First, by investigating the association between persistent cannabis use and neuropsychological functioning prospectively, we ruled out premorbid neuropsychological deficit as an explanation of the link between persistent cannabis use and neuropsychological impairment occurring after persistent use. Second, we showed that the impairment was global and detectable across five domains of neuropsychological functioning. ...
A high prevalence of cannabis use disorder has been reported in subjects suffering from schizophrenia, fuelling intense debate about whether schizophrenia with pre-onset cannabis use disorder may be a distinct entity with specific features or whether cannabis use disorder can precipitate schizophrenia in genetically vulnerable subjects. We retrospectively assessed schizophrenia subjects with and without pre-onset cannabis use disorder on the basis of their clinical features, assessed categorically and dimensionally with the operational criteria checklist for psychotic illnesses (OCCPI). We also investigated whether the two groups could be differentiated on the basis of a history of psychiatric disorders in first-degree relatives. A principal component factor analysis of the OCCPI items was used to identify specific symptom dimensions. The relationships between symptom dimensions and cannabis status were analysed by point-biserial correlation analysis to control for sex and age at time of the
A new Washington law has school districts across the state coming up with new marijuana measures. The law requires school districts to allow students with prescriptions to receive medical marijuana on campus from a parent. The Mukilteo School District is one of the first in the state to create and implement a policy regarding medical marijuana for students after the new law went into effect in July. So how does their policy work? The Mukilteo School District tells us parents have to put in a request with their students school administration and then prove that their child is a medical marijuana patient. As part of the new state law, smoking or inhaling marijuana is not allowed. However, parents will be able to come to the school and give their students medical marijuana products in a discreet location. The school district will not handle or store the marijuana medication at any point. Mukilteo School District officials say their goal is to make sure their students medical needs are met in a safe ...
There are both male cannabis plants and female cannabis plants. Because an unpollinated female plant produces far greater concentrations of drug substances than a male plant, these unpollinated females are cultivated for medicinal use. The cannabis plant concentrates its medicine within the female flower clusters. Each flower consists of a curled single leaf known as a calyx. Each calyx is covered with vast numbers of tiny hair-like gland cells called trichomes.. Under magnification, a trichome resembles a golfball sitting atop a tee. The ball is the trichomes resin head, a waxy pillow of oils filled from secretory cells in the trichomes tip. When these delicate resin heads rupture, they release the intense aromatic chemicals called terpenes that are associated with the distinctive smell of cannabis, while cannabinoids such as THC are odorless. The resin heads contain the most medically interesting chemicals produced by the cannabis plant, including cannabinoids and terpenes. Both cannabinoids ...
Here is the appended abstract taken from our CBD supplier, Nuleaf, telling you about our CBD origins for our Carolyns Facial Fitness, cbd Cream. About CBD Oil. What is CBD?. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a naturally-occurring constituent of industrial hemp (cannabis sativa) plants. It is the most abundant non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis and is being scientifically investigated for numerous reasons. Most people have heard of a cannabinoid called THC, which is the ingredient in cannabis that gets users high. Unlike THC, CBD (cannabidiol) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid and does not cause a high.. Whats the difference between CBD from hemp and CBD from marijuana?. Both hemp and marijuana are from the same genus and species (cannabis sativa). The characteristic of having low THC is the single difference that most rely on to distinguish industrial hemp from marijuana. CBD taken from hemp and marijuana is the exact same compound.. How do you know how much CBD is in your products?. Our CBD ...
I was just in California and was recently informed by a doctor that I have a condition called cannabinoid-induced peripheral neuropathy.. The disease affects my legs, arms, hands, feet and face.. This has led to my doctor recommending cannabis oil for me.. I was shocked.. Cannabis is legal and available in most places.. It is legal to grow it, to consume it, and it is widely available.. I have had no problems with the drug, and I do not want to get this one-time recommendation.. It was my first time talking to a doctor about cannabis and I am very grateful.. This doctor is not a medical cannabis advocate, but he told me about cannabis oil.. The doctor is a licensed clinical psychologist and is not affiliated with any cannabis dispensary.. He also recommended a cannabis oil that I could not find in California, called Cannapetrol.. Its not recommended by any medical or other organizations.. Cannapeterol is available from specialty cannabis dispensaries in California.. I asked my doctor if I could ...
A small number of studies have looked into the concept of cannabis dependence, comparing frequent (1) or daily cannabis users with and without dependence (Looby and Earleywine, 2007; van der Pol et al., 2013), or populations with self-perceived treatment need to populations without this perception (Copeland et al., 2001). Depending on the population studied, somewhere between 25% and 50% of daily cannabis users will fulfil the criteria for dependence (NIDA, 2012). A general conclusion that can be drawn from these studies is that, while frequent to daily use of cannabis is a strong predictor of cannabis-related problems (Fischer et al., 2011), these accumulate even more in users with (probable) dependence.. Although the above-mentioned studies have found relatively small differences in the frequency or intensity of use or quantity of cannabis used between dependent and non-dependent frequent or daily users, marked differences were identified between dependent and non-dependent users in the levels ...
To the Editor: Cannabis use is implicated in serious social disruption in many Northern Territory Aboriginal communities.1 Rising levels of cannabis use were first reported in Aboriginal communities in Arnhem Land in 2002, along with associated concerns about escalating social impacts and mental health effects compounded by other substance use.2. A random sample of 164 people in Arnhem Land initially interviewed and assessed in 2004 were followed up between October 2005 and June 2006. Their cannabis use was measured using health worker assessments and self-reports from interviews. Ethical approval was granted by the NT Health Department, Menzies School of Health Research, and James Cook University.. Despite a modest decline in cannabis use in this population between 2002 and 2004,3 the 2005-2006 data indicate persisting high rates, with 61% of males and 58% of females (aged 13-34 years) using cannabis at least weekly.. In a subsample of 60 cannabis users opportunistically recruited for in-depth ...
Frisher and colleagues compared the trends of cannabis use with general practitioner records of schizophrenia. They argue if cannabis use does cause schizophrenia, then an increase in cannabis use should be followed by an increase in the incidence of schizophrenia.. According to the study, cannabis use in the UK between 1972 and 2002 has increased four-fold in the general population, and 18-fold among under-18s. Based on the literature supporting the link, the authors argue that this should be followed by an increase in schizophrenia incidence of 29% between 1990 and 2010.. But the researchers found no increase in the diagnosis of schizophrenia or other psychotic disorders during that period. In fact some of the data suggested the incidence of these conditions had decreased.. This study does not therefore support the specific causal link between cannabis use and the incidence of psychotic disorders, the authors say. This concurs with other reports indicating that increases in population ...
A total of forty (40) male wistar rats randomly divided into four groups of ten (10) rats per group were used for this work. Group 1 served as the control and was treated with distilled water, group 2 was the low dose group (exposed to cannabis smoke for 5minutes daily), group 3 was the high dose group (exposed to cannabis smoke for 10minutes daily) and group 4 was the high dose + ascorbic acid group (exposed to cannabis smoke for 10 minutes and orally gavaged with ascorbic acid at 2.8mg/kg body weight daily). The rats were weighed weekly and the administration lasted for 28days. The animals were sacrificed on the 29th day and blood was collected by means of cardiac puncture. Serum was obtained for hormonal assay. The result showed a significant increase in the body weight (p|0.05) in the high dose group compared to low dose and high dose + ascorbic acid group, while the control group recorded the least body weight gained. There was significant decrease in testicular weight (p|0.05) in the experimental
Regardless of how much momentum the medical marijuana reimbursement movement gains or how many states legalize the substance, there is still one giant problem: The federal government classifies marijuana as a Schedule I drug - a designation it uses on substances like heroin, LSD and ecstasy.. This classification gives marijuana the harshest range of criminal penalties and is the reason why the U.S. Food and Drug Administration hasnt approved medical marijuana and, in all likelihood, wont until it is reclassified to a lower schedule.. The Schedule I tag is also why, even if employers would like to offer medical marijuana reimbursement, they will likely have a difficult time finding an insurance provider thats willing to offer health insurance or workers comp plans that cover medical marijuana.. Self-insured plans can cover medical marijuana. However, the patchwork of state and local regs combined with the uncertainty of the feds stance, makes this a far from easy proposition for employers, ...
Arizona Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (AZMMCC) can help you obtain the Doctors Certification necessary for the legal use of Medical Marijuana. Contact AZMMCC to schedule a free Pre-Qualification check with our Arizona Marijuana Doctor and verify that you are eligible. Arizona Medical Marijuana Laws allow marijuana use for pre-existing medical conditions only. Medical Marijuana prescriptions must come from an Arizona Board Certified Doctor and AZMMCC is a full compliance Medical Marijuana Clinic in Arizona.
Arizona Medical Marijuana Certification Clinics (AZMMCC) can help you obtain the Doctors Certification necessary for the legal use of Medical Marijuana. Contact AZMMCC to schedule a free Pre-Qualification check with our Arizona Marijuana Doctor and verify that you are eligible. Arizona Medical Marijuana Laws allow marijuana use for pre-existing medical conditions only. Medical Marijuana prescriptions must come from an Arizona Board Certified Doctor and AZMMCC is a full compliance Medical Marijuana Clinic in Arizona.
Paul Nichols, Bergen Dispatch. Senators Cory Booker (D-NJ), Rand Paul (R-KY) and Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) today stood with patients, their families and advocates to announce new bipartisan legislation that will allow the use of medical marijuana in states where it is legal without fear of federal prosecution. The Compassionate Access, Research Expansion and Respect States (CARERS) Act would reschedule marijuana from a Schedule I to Schedule II drug to recognize it has accepted medical use, and would amend federal law to allow states to set their own medical marijuana policies.. The bill would also permit VA doctors to prescribe veterans medical marijuana to treat serious injuries and chronic conditions. The legislation would not legalize medical marijuana in all 50 states, rather it would respect the states that set their own medical marijuana programs and prevents federal law enforcement from prosecuting patients, doctors and caregivers in those states. Currently, 23 states plus the District ...
As an example, the phrase (or cannabis) is made use of when defining a Cannabis Sativa plant that is bred for its own effective, resinous glands (known as trichomes). These trichomes include high volumes of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the cannabinoid very most known for its psychedelic properties., however, is used to illustrate a Cannabis Sativa plant that has merely indication quantities of THC.. Merely products produced from commercial hemp (lower than 0.3% THC) are legal to market, purchase, consume, https://wayofleaf.com/cannabis/strains/green-crack-marijuana-strain as well as ship. This singular factor (0.3%) is actually how most individuals compare what is identified as hemp as well as what is categorized as cannabis. This limitation has actually resulted in mass controversy (forever reason), which our team will plunge right into a little later.. From hemp apparel and also devices to diet plans and also hempseed oil cosmetics, the plant is actually seemingly found just about ...
All the cannabis users in the study had experienced psychotic-like symptoms (strange sensations, such as strange sensations or having feelings of paranoia) while smoking pot.The investigators anticipated their dopamine production to be elevated since increased production of the chemical has been linked with psychosis. However, to their surprise, they found the opposite effect.. Experts attribute drug use to the difference in dopamine levels. Users who met the diagnostic criteria for chronic cannabis abuse displayed the lowest dopamine levels, an indication that it could be a marker of severe addiction. Earlier research has revealed that the risk of mental illnesses such as schizophrenia is more pronounced in chronic cannabis users.. Bloomfield explained, It has been assumed that cannabis increases the risk of schizophrenia by inducing the same effects on the dopamine system that we see in schizophrenia, but this hasnt been studied in active cannabis users until now.. Although we only looked ...
Following the passage of Proposition 64 in California, the Center for Medical Cannabis Research at UC San Diego will receive two million dollars in funding per year for the study of medical marijuana. The money comes from two new taxes levied on the cultivation and sale of cannabis. The proposition, which legalized marijuana, also authorized local governments to place additional taxes on marijuana. The Center for Medical Cannabis Research at UCSD studies the effects of marijuana on alleviating neuropathic pain stemming from a variety of causes such as diabetes, multiple sclerosis and chronic back pain. Neuropathic pain is caused when nerves are damaged or dysfunctional. The CMCR is currently conducting research on the effects of cannabis on driving ability as well.. To test the effects of cannabis on driving, healthy volunteers are placed in a driving simulator and undergo performance assessments after being exposed to cannabis. Trials measuring the pain-relieving effects of marijuana may use ...
CANNABIS CULTURE - The techniques of preparation for disease fighting, life preserving elixirs was the core for many medieval and renaissance alchemists, and this was an adaption from Islamic influences that came into Europe following the Crusades.. In references to figures such as Lully, Paracelsus, Jerome Cardan, etc Albert G. Mackey in his Encyclopedia of Freemasonry, wrote that these figures were not occultists…They had been physicians and chemists; the alchemy they studied was chemistry, and they studied it for medical uses… (along with botany, etc.) (Mackey, 1873). Interestingly, as I have found while researching my forthcomign book, Liber 420: The Cannabis Arcanum (Trineday, 2018), all 3 of the figures mentioned by name have associations with cannabis elixirs, Cardano and Paracelsus both left recipes for cannabis preparations, and cannabis appears in a number of Lullian texts.. For now, lets just take a quick look at Paracelsus recipe for a cannabis infused arcanum, a name given ...
Considering the advantages of using medicinal herbs as supplementary treatments to sensitize conventional anti-cancer drugs, studying functional mechanisms and regulatory effects of Echinacea purpurea (as a non-cannabinoid plant) and Cannabis sativa (as a cannabinoid plant) are timely and required. The potential effects of such herbs on lung cancer cell growth, apoptosis, cell cycle distribution, cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level, caspase activity and their cannabinomimetic properties on the CB2 receptor are addressed in the current study. The cytotoxic effect of both herb extracts on the growth of lung cancer cells (A549) was assessed using the MTT assay. The annexin-V-FITC staining and propidium iodide (PI) staining methods were applied for the detection of apoptosis and cell cycle distribution using flow cytometry. The cellular level of ROS was measured using 7′-dichlorofluorescin diacetate (DCFH-DA) as a fluorescent probe in flow cytometry. The caspase 3 activity was assessed using a
Amsterdam laws on cannabis - Side effects of taking cannabis oil: can hemp protein cause a false positive. Homeopathic remedies for muscle pain
It has been widely reported that WHO officially recommended on December 14, 2017 that cannabis compound cannabidiol (CBD) not be internationally scheduled as a controlled substance.. What is Cannabidiol and is it safe?. Cannabidiol is one of several (probably 200) compounds of the cannabis plant.. At its November 2017 meeting, the WHO Expert Committee on Drug Dependence (ECDD) concluded that, in its pure state, cannabidiol does not appear to have abuse potential or cause harm. As such, as CBD is not currently a scheduled substance in its own right (only as a component of cannabis extracts), current information does not justify a change in this scheduling position and does not justify scheduling of the substance.. However, where CBD is produced for pharmaceutical purposes as an extract of cannabis, cannabis extracts and tinctures are included in the 1961 UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. A fuller review of extracts or preparations containing almost exclusively CBD will take place in June ...
Our CBD flowers Charlottes Web have an earthy, fruity, slightly spicy aroma. The dried female cannabis flowers of the Cannabis Sativa L. variety with a cannabidiol (CBD) content of 5% and a tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) content of |0.2% are legally availa
Although cannabis comes from the female flower, cannabis has been marketed to and perceived to be used mostly by men. The tides are turning as more women, especially older women, are turning to cannabis as an alternative to opioids and over-the-counter medications. Women have different health needs than men, and certain medical marijuana products can prove to be effective in both preventative and reactive medical treatments.. As cannabis is well-known for its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties, its little wonder that women have used it to combat menstrual pain and soreness for centuries. Most famously, Queen Victoria was prescribed a cannabis indica tincture by her personal physicians for spasmodic dysmenorrhoea, aka menstrual cramps. As early as the 11th century, the Old English Herbarium recommended a hemp-infused topical for soreness of breasts.. More recently, actress Whoopi Goldberg has advocated for dysmenorrhoea as a qualifying condition for medical cannabis. Both New York and ...
A bill introduced in Congress would allow Department of Veterans Affairs doctors to recommend medical marijuana for their patients.. The Veterans Equal Access Act. Introduced Thursday by Reps. Earl Blumenauer (D-Ore.) and Dana Rohrabacher (R-Calif.) with 10 bipartisan cosponsors, would lift a ban on VA doctors giving opinions or recommendations about medical marijuana to veterans who live in states where medical marijuana is permitted. Post traumatic stress and traumatic brain injury are just as damaging and harmful as any injuries that are visible from the outside, Blumenauer said. Sometimes even more so because of the devastating effect they can have on a veterans family. We should be allowing these wounded warriors access to the medicine that will help them survive and thrive, including medical marijuana, not treating them like criminals and forcing them into the shadows. Its shameful.. Nearly 30 percent of veterans who served in the Iraq and Afghanistan wars suffer from PTSD and ...
As part of the trial, three diets were made to contain either soy oil, industrial hemp oil or cannabis oil and offered to tilapia for 8 weeks. At termination, survival, growth, feed conversion and blood parameters were assessed.. In this way, they observed that the cannabis extract increases tilapia metabolism and thus, the feed conversion.. On the other hand, cannabis had no effect on blood cell counts, total plasma protein, haematocrit or lysozyme activity.. The results thus obtained suggest that cannabis does not improve immune response of tilapia or body composition but does reduce growth rate by increasing metabolic rate.. Therefore, the Lebanese scientists found that the pot pellets did not quite have the mood-altering effect they had hoped for.. The trial showed that fish fed THC (the main psycoactive cannabis ingredient)-laden edibles did not seem to be surviving any better than fish fed a control diet, which the researchers took to mean that the drugs were not helping the fish deal with ...
Full-Spectrum is a cannabis concentrate produced that preserves the full cannabinoid and terpene contents of the raw cannabis plant. The cannabis plants contains over 400 compounds which include several different cannabinoids; THC, CBD, CBG, CBN, CBC and so many more. Read to learn all about what full-spectrum cannabis extracts are, the plant material t create cannabis extracts, and the benefits compared to flower.
RESULTS: Any nonmedical cannabis use was more prevalent in respondents with than without pain (2001-2002: 5.15% compared with 3.74%; 2012-2013: 12.42% compared with 9.02%), a risk difference significantly greater in the 2012-2013 data than in the 2001-2002 data. The prevalence of frequent nonmedical cannabis use did not differ by pain status in the 2001-2002 survey, but was significantly more prevalent in those with than without pain in the 2012-2013 survey (5.03% compared with 3.45%). Cannabis use disorder was more prevalent in respondents with than without pain (2001-2002: 1.77% compared with 1.35%; 2012-2013: 4.18% compared with 2.74%), a significantly greater risk difference in the data from 2012-2013 than from 2001-2002 ...
Marijuana-Dried flowers from the Cannabis sativa plant. Note the visible trichomes (commonly known as crystals), which contain large quantities of THC, CBD and other cannabinoids. Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Magnolia Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Rosales Family: Cannabaceae Genus: Cannabis Species: C. sativa Binomial name Cannabis sativa L.[1]Cannabis indica Lam. (putative)[1] Cannabis, also known as marijuana[2]…
CBD. Since its existence, the cannabis plant has always come in handy for a wide array of uses. As such, some researchers opined that the high feeling associated with that plant was termed a spiritual by the people of old and medium or gateway to communicate with their ancestors. Fast-forward today and the same plant thanks to its medicinal potencies is now legalized in a wide array of states in the US.. Amongst other things, the cannabis plant is rich with a wide array of composites but the two grabbing all the headings are the THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and the CBD (cannabidiol).. CBD. The rise of the cannabis industry in the US is hugely credited to the legalization of cannabis in most states in the US for medical and or recreational uses. These of course, alongside the potent nature of the cannabis plant has been key to the rise and popularity of the cannabis industry in the US. The CBD or cannabidiol is a potent chemical component, which emanates from the Cannabis sativa plant.. Supported ...
Marijuana has been shown to be a useful modality for treating a number of medical conditions, including glaucoma, nausea from cancer treatment, and chronic pain from a variety of conditions including multiple sclerosis, cancer, and AIDS.. Marijuana can be used to treat a variety of chronic pain conditions for which narcotic medications have been traditionally prescribed.. The active components in the marijuana plant can be introduced into the body in a variety of ways, including the use of lotions, tinctures, food products and beverages.. In the United States, the use of medical marijuana can now be decided by individual states. This opens the door for a much larger acceptance of medical marijuana.. As the baby boomer generation who grew up with marijuana continues to age, there may be increased pressure on legislative bodies to make medical marijuana more widely available.. In most states where medical marijuana is legal, a doctors prescription is required. Patients who have received medical ...
Moroccan authorities have seized almost five tonnes of cannabis resin from a vehicle near Casablanca and arrested the driver, the national security service has announced.
Santander, Spain: Cannabis use is associated with sustained effects on weight and metabolism, including lower body mass index (BMI) and lower overall cholesterol levels, according to the results of a three-year longitudinal study published in The Journal of Psychopharmacology.. Spanish researchers assessed the relationship between cannabis and weight over a three-year period in a cohort of 510 subjects. Participants in the study were classified as either continuers, discontinuers, and non-users. At the studys initiation, cannabis users presented lower weight, body mass index, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol compared to non-users, investigators reported. Differences in weight, BMI, and LDL levels remained consistent over the three-years among those subjects who continued to consume cannabis. By contrast, those patients who discontinued using cannabis use over the course of the study presented a higher increase in weight, body mass index, and ...
Cannabis sativa L. Cannabis indica Lam. Cannabis ruderalis Janisch. We also have first class counterfeit US dollars that cant be detected. It has passed the light test and also past the laser test. The Top two species are known of their top two imperfect flowering with its best shelf as Top shelf. We handle cases for cancer. We represent quality and thats why we have top shelf AAA-/+ amplified indoors cultivated strains ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cannabis and schizophrenia. AU - Pushpa-Rajah, Jonathan A.. AU - McLoughlin, Benjamin C.. AU - Gillies, Donna. AU - Rathbone, John. AU - Variend, Hannele. AU - Kalakouti, Eliana. AU - Kyprianou, Katerina. PY - 2015/3/1. Y1 - 2015/3/1. N2 - Background: Many people with schizophrenia smoke cannabis, and it is unclear why a large proportion do so and if the effects are harmful or beneficial. It is also unclear what the best method is to allow people with schizophrenia to alter their cannabis intake. Objectives: To assess the effects of specific psychological treatments for cannabis reduction in people with schizophrenia. To assess the effects of antipsychotics for cannabis reduction in people with schizophrenia. To assess the effects of cannabinoids (cannabis-related chemical compounds derived from cannabis or manufactured) for symptom reduction in people with schizophrenia. Search Methods: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group Trials Register (August 2013) and all references ...
Existing law, the Compassionate Use Act of 1996, an initiative measure enacted by the approval of Proposition 215 at the November 6, 1996, statewide general election, authorizes the use of cannabis for medical purposes and provides certain protections to a physician and surgeon who recommends the use of medical cannabis to a patient. The Control, Regulate and Tax Adult Use of Marijuana Act of 2016 (AUMA), an initiative measure approved as Proposition 64 at the November 8, 2016, statewide general election, authorizes a person who obtains a state license under AUMA to engage in commercial adult-use cannabis activity pursuant to that license and applicable local ordinances. The Medicinal and Adult-Use Cannabis Regulation and Safety Act (MAUCRSA), among other things, provides for the licensure and regulation of commercial medicinal and adult-use cannabis activities and states that the purpose and intent of MAUCRSA is to establish a comprehensive system to control and regulate the cultivation, ...
Effect-directed analysis (EDA) by the combination of high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) with biologi- cal and enzymatic assays represents one of the latest tools available for the rapid bioprofiling of complex matrices, such as plant extracts. In this ambit, the aim of this project was the non-targeted screening of inflorescence extracts from ten different hemp varieties for components exhibiting radical scavenging, antibacterial, enzyme inhibiting and estrogen-like effects.. The characterization of two prominently multipotent bioactive com- pound zones was finally achieved by HPTLC-HRMS and preliminary assigned as cannabidiolic acid and cannabidivarinic acid.. HTPLC analysis was coupled via the Advion Plate Express® TLC Plate Reader.. ...
Ingredient companies use extraction technologies to concentrate the active components in cannabis. This is a boon to makers of legal cannabis edibles and beverages seeking to produce a variety of functional commercial products that have consistency and quality. Uniquely Cannabis Most of the extraction technologies employed with cannabis are already well known within the food, nutritional supplement and pharmaceutical industries. However, there are some modifications of known technologies which are specific to cannabis. The primary goal of cannabis extraction is to produce functional concentrates . . .
Cannabis research[edit]. Ames studied the effects of cannabis in 1958, publishing her work in The British Journal of Psychiatry ... publishing several articles about cannabis-induced euphoria and the effects of cannabis on the brain with co-author David J. ... She opposed the War on Drugs and was a proponent of the therapeutic benefits of cannabis, particularly for people with multiple ... Ames, Frances (December 12, 1995). Great Debates: Cannabis sativa - a plea for decriminalisation. South African Medical Journal ...
Cannabis[edit]. Study have shown that Cannabisin B, purified from hempseed hull, significantly inhibited cell proliferation by ...
Medical cannabis[edit]. Main article: Medical cannabis. Medical cannabis, or medical marijuana, refers to cannabis or its ... "Analytical Cannabis. Analytical Cannabis. Archived from the original on 22 August 2017. Retrieved 22 August 2017.. ... Borgelt, LM; Franson, KL; Nussbaum, AM; Wang, GS (February 2013). "The pharmacologic and clinical effects of medical cannabis ... "Medicinal cannabis". Australian Prescriber. 38 (6): 212-5. doi:10.18773/austprescr.2015.072. PMC 4674028. PMID 26843715 ...
"Developing Pharmacotherapies for Cannabis and Cocaine Use Disorders"[edit]. In this review, Hart and Lynch discuss a variety of ... Hart, Carl L.; Lynch, Wendy J. (2005). "Developing Pharmacotherapies for Cannabis and Cocaine Use Disorders". Current ...
The two species of the Cannabis genus that are most commonly grown are Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa.[2] A third species ... Cannabis strains are either pure or hybrid varieties of the plant genus Cannabis, which encompasses the species C. sativa, C. ... "The Cannabis sativa Versus Cannabis indica Debate: An Interview with Ethan Russo, MD". Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research. 1 (1 ... Tom Cruise Purple is a strain of cannabis sold in California by select licensed cannabis clubs. The strain is potent, and is ...
"Roadmaps to Regulation: Cannabis, Psychedelics, MDMA, and NPS". 2015-05-15.. *^ "The Beckley Foundation Public Letter (2016)". ... changes in brain structure, function, and blood supply in response to cannabis,[13] LSD,[14] psilocybin,[15] ayahuasca/DMT,[16] ... Jamaica's Regulated Cannabis Industry: First Steps 2015[edit]. In Spring 2015, Amanda Feilding and the Beckley Foundation were ... Cannabis Policy: Moving Beyond Stalemate. Authors: Robin Room, Benedikt Fischer, Wayne Hall, Simon Lenton and Peter Reuter, ...
Banned for cannabis cultivation[edit]. Myclobutanil is banned in Canada, Colorado, Washington, Oregon, and Oklahoma for the ... the current state action limit for myclobutanil is 200 ppb in cannabis products.[6] ...
Cannabis[edit]. Simpson has a "D" rating from NORML for his voting history regarding cannabis-related causes. Simpson is ...
Cannabis[edit]. Main article: Cannabis. Cannabis is often considered either in its own unique category or as a mild psychedelic ... Cannabis is a depressant drug, but it also has hallucinogenic effects.. *^ Amsterdam, Jan; Nutt, David; Brink, Wim (January 23 ... 4][5] The chemical compound cannabidiol, which is found in cannabis, has many depressant effects such as muscle relaxation, ...
Cannabis[edit]. Main article: Cannabis in pregnancy. When using cannabis, there is a greater risk of birth defects, low birth ...
Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board and I-502[edit]. Some commentators have acknowledged that while Washington ... which the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board is now trying to close down in favor of the recreational stores, where ...
2018 Brain on Cannabis version[edit]. In 2018, professional chef Todd Sugimoto was cast to mimic the original motions and lines ... He holds up an egg and says, "This is your brain," before motioning to a frying pan and adding, "This is cannabis." He then ... "A New Cannabis PSA Breaks a Few Eggs to Combat Stigma". SF Weekly.. ... The concept was meant to help raise awareness on the changing laws and perception of legal cannabis. Filmed in a posh and ...
Cannabis use[edit]. Sleep has used Marijuana influenced imagery since the release of their second album. In an interview about ...
Cannabis[edit]. Further information: Cannabis in California. Under the legalization of the sale and distribution of cannabis, ... A Cannabis Cafe opened with a menu of cannabis for consumption, THC-infused drinks and meals for cannabis-enhanced sense of ... It is the first cannabis cafe in the United States and will include the expertise of cannabis sommeliers, known as "budtenders ... Business licenses for cannabis delivery services located in West Hollywood[37]. State law does not allow local governments to ...
"DEA / Cannabis Eradication". www.dea.gov. Retrieved June 7, 2017.. *^ "DEA / Cannabis Eradication". www.dea.gov. Retrieved June ... Domestic Cannabis Eradication/Suppression Program. The Domestic Cannabis Eradication/Suppression Program (DCE/SP) began funding ... Cannabis rescheduling. A 2014 report by the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies and the Drug Policy Alliance ... "The DEA museum , Cannabis Culture Magazine". Cannabisculture.com. December 15, 2009. Archived from the original on January 19, ...
Testing for cannabis[edit]. In the recent wake of legalized marijuana, law enforcement has sought a method of breath testing to ... A 2011 study in the B.C. Medical Journal stated that there "...is clear evidence that cannabis, like alcohol, impairs the ... The US state of Colorado has a maximum blood content of THC for drivers who have consumed cannabis, but it has been difficult ... Drivers who have smoked or otherwise consumed cannabis products such as marijuana or hashish can be charged and convicted of ...
Cannabis). Members of this family can be trees (e.g. Celtis), erect herbs (e.g. Cannabis), or twining herbs (e.g. Humulus). ... 1848 (5 spp.) Cannabis L. 1753-Hemp (1 sp.) Celtis L. 1753 (73-109 spp.) Chaetachme Planch. 1848 (1 sp.) Gironniera Gaudich. ... The young shoots are used as vegetable.[citation needed] Some plants in the genus Cannabis are cultivated as hemp for the ... As now circumscribed, the family includes about 170 species grouped in about 11 genera, including Cannabis (hemp, marijuana), ...
Short-term effects of cannabis Cannabis dependence (F13) use of sedatives or hypnotics Benzodiazepine overdose Benzodiazepine ...
Cannabis. *SID *Cannabis arteritis. *Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). *SUD *Amotivational syndrome. *Cannabis use ...
Cannabis. *SID *Effects of cannabis. *Long-term effects of cannabis. *SUD *Cannabis dependence ...
Although cannabis as a drug and industrial hemp both derive from the species Cannabis sativa and contain the psychoactive ... For the psychoactive preparation, see Cannabis (drug). For religious use, see Entheogenic use of cannabis. For other uses, see ... This article is about industrial uses of Cannabis. For the genus of plants, see Cannabis. For therapeutic preparations of the ... List of British politicians who have acknowledged cannabis use. *List of American politicians who have acknowledged cannabis ...
Cannabis Passive inhalation: up to 22 minutes** Infrequent users: 7-10 Days; Heavy users:30 to 100 days;[11][12][13]. up to 90 ... a b c Erowid Cannabis (Marijuana) Vault : Drug Testing. Erowid.org (2010-02-28). Retrieved on August 7, 2011. ... In February 2016 a New South Wales magistrate "acquitted a man who tested positive for cannabis". He had been arrested and ... Drugs of abuse that can be detected include Cannabis, Cocaine, Amphetamines and drugs new to the UK such as Mephedrone. ...
In the United Kingdom illegal cannabis growers usually bypass electric meter readers and "abstract" the electricity which is an ...
Cannabis. *SID *Effects of cannabis. *Long-term effects of cannabis. *SUD *Cannabis dependence ...
Cannabis. *SID *Effects of cannabis. *Long-term effects of cannabis. *SUD *Cannabis dependence ...
Cannabis. *SID *Cannabis arteritis. *Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). *SUD *Amotivational syndrome. *Cannabis use ...
Cannabis}}. Psychedelics, Dissociatives and Deliriants Cannabis. Cannabis (marijuana). Neurology and psychiatry medicine ...
List of British politicians who have acknowledged cannabis use. *List of American politicians who have acknowledged cannabis ... "Cannabis Hemp THC in the Food-Cosmetic Supply". drugwatch.org. Retrieved December 20, 2018.. ... It should not be confused with hash oil, a tetrahydrocannabinol-containing oil made from the Cannabis flower. ... Hemp seed oil is manufactured from varieties of Cannabis sativa that do not contain significant amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol ...
Cannabis was the top with 35 percent of individuals reporting it as their main problem drug. The statistics showed that ...
In 2019, a cannabis vending machine was installed in Athens, Greece, for low-THC CBD cannabis products.[15] ... List of British politicians who have acknowledged cannabis use. *List of American politicians who have acknowledged cannabis ... Recreational Cannabis. References[edit]. *^ "Seattle gets a marijuana vending machine". USA Today. February 4, 2015. Retrieved ... A marijuana vending machine is a vending machine for selling or dispensing cannabis. They are currently in use in the United ...
Persons engaging in ongoing cannabis use that leads to significant impairment or distress should seek evidence-based treatment ...
Adults who used cannabis were significantly more likely to use nonmedical prescription opioids, according to recent findings. ... "We report that cannabis use, even among adults with moderate to severe pain, was associated with a substantially increased risk ... "We report that cannabis use, even among adults with moderate to severe pain, was associated with a substantially increased risk ... Cannabis use was also associated with increased nonmedical opioid use (aOR = 3.13; 95% CI, 1.19-8.23) among participants with ...
In addition, the quality of life of FM patients who consumed cannabis was compared with FM subjects who were not cannabis users ... The amount and frequency of cannabis use were also different among patients. After 2 hours of cannabis use, VAS scores showed a ... Cannabis users referred different duration of drug consumption; the route of administration was smoking (54%), oral (46%) and ... The mental health component summary score of the SF-36 was significantly higher (p,0.05) in cannabis users than in non-users. ...
The two species of the Cannabis genus that are most commonly grown are Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa.[2] A third species ... Cannabis strains are either pure or hybrid varieties of the plant genus Cannabis, which encompasses the species C. sativa, C. ... "The Cannabis sativa Versus Cannabis indica Debate: An Interview with Ethan Russo, MD". Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research. 1 (1 ... Tom Cruise Purple is a strain of cannabis sold in California by select licensed cannabis clubs. The strain is potent, and is ...
Cannabis-infused butter, or cannabutter, is a cannabis-infused ingredient used in many cannabis edibles.[24] Heating the raw ... Cannabis tincture is an alcoholic extract of cannabis. Because cannabis resins are soluble in alcohol, an effective way of ... A cannabis edible, also known as a cannabis-infused food or simply an edible, is a food product that contains cannabinoids, ... Traditional cannabis-infused drinks include the Indian drinks lassi and thandai when prepared with bhang. Cannabis tea is a ...
Running a cannabis business is expensive, and running a multi-state cannabis business when each state has its own rules to ... chief executive of Redbird Bioscience a medical cannabis operator and producer of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis for patients in ... Cannabis Legalization Is Going Global Legalization is growing outside of the United States, and countries that are first to the ... Cannabis sales have increased substantially in the last few years, but so has the competition with more growers, retailers and ...
Including employee anti-discrimination policies for medical cannabis patients and employer accommodation requirements. ... A look at how cannabis and employment laws interact in the states. ... Medical Cannabis and Employer Liability. There are a few states working to address the possibility of employees being under the ... Cannabis and Employment: Medical and Recreational Policies in the States Most states that have legalized medical or ...
... and a proven record in pre-clinical cannabis-derived study. Di… ... drug development requires an extensive knowledge of cannabis- ... Cannabis IP rights are uniquely so. Navigating the cannabis-related IP issues requires extensive knowledge of the cannabis ... for new cannabis varieties Cannabis Industry: opportunities are there! * 4. Cannabis Industry: Money is there too! The market ... Monetizing medical cannabis * 1. Monetizing Medical Cannabis * 2. +100 clinical indications: • Multiple Sclerosis • Glaucoma • ...
Our dedicated cannabis specialists can help you navigate the industry. We will help you identify and secure the right ... The cannabis industry is blossoming. With the adoption of the Cannabis Act on October 17, 2018 by the Federal Government, the ... Cannabis Chemicals Energy Engineering and construction Entertainment & media Financial services Forest, paper and packaging ... Our dedicated cannabis specialists can help you navigate the road ahead. We will help you identify and secure the right ...
The anecdotal evidence that cannabis has a positive effect on a long list of medical conditions from epilepsy, pain, cancer, ... external link Centre for Medicinal Cannabis Research and Innovation (NSW Health) external link The Lambert Initiative for ... external link Austin Health clinical cannabis trial for epilepsy external link Cannabinoids for Medical Use: A Systematic ... I need to understand what is in the medicinal cannabis - how much THC, CBD. I need to know what it will do, what it wont do. I ...
... is placed on the benefits of avoiding generic formula substitutes found on fetilizer labels for one more specific to cannabis. ... This page provides a common language spoken by all fertilizer solutions and a way to mix them for growing cannabis ... This suggests that cannabis produces equally well under a wide range of nutrient strengths and profiles, and that using more is ... Given cannabis apparent immunity to a wide range of profiles, small compromises from the target are of no consequence, but ...
However, where CBD is produced for pharmaceutical purposes as an extract of cannabis, cannabis extracts and tinctures are ... It has been widely reported that WHO officially recommended on December 14, 2017 that cannabis compound cannabidiol (CBD) not ... when the WHO expert committee will undertake a comprehensive review of cannabis and cannabis related substances. ... As such, as CBD is not currently a scheduled substance in its own right (only as a component of cannabis extracts), current ...
Science in New Zealand is yet to catch up with the rest of the world, however in many countries around the world Cannabis is ... Cannabis, Cannabidiol and Cannabinoids in Human Biology. Scientists discovered that there are receptors in our brains that ... Research in to cannabis and cannabinoids has significantly advanced our understanding of human biology including how the ... The U.S. government sponsored extensive preclinical research in to the effects of some of the compounds in cannabis, one of ...
Cannabis can help to give me ideas, but when writing often Ill find the drug makes it harder for me to find that word Im ... A better way to put it is, that cannabis does not improve or hamper your creativity. It just gives you a different type of ... Now, Ive heard a lot of people saying that cannabis is a great aid to writing, obviously pointing towards its creative ... Im not really a fan of cannabis myself...But, I have taken it and various psychedelics for the purpose of writing. ...
Cannabis is legal for recreational use in California-yet it remains a federally controlled substance. Investigate the impacts ... After Dark: Cannabis. Cannabis: Is it legal, or not? Cannabis became legal for recreational use in California in January 2018, ... Cannabis testing labs also play a vital role in the safety and quality of products in the California cannabis industry, ... Cannabis is the most lucrative crop in California today, but questions remain about the possibility of growing cannabis at ...
Marijuana/cannabis is a freat medicinal drug which helps cuting many diseases like diabetes, cancer, migraines, appetite, etc. ... Medical Cannabis For Diabetes * 1. Medical Cannabis for Diabetes For More Info Visit:San Francisco Medical Marijuana Dispensary ... 7. Medical Cannabis and Diabetes• Scientists have found substances in weed that could help in the control of metabolic ... Marijuana/cannabis is a freat medicinal drug which helps cuting many diseases like diabetes, cancer, migraines, appetite, etc. ...
Belushis Farm, Cannabis, Celebrity Cannabis, Colombia, Colombia Cannabis, ExpoCannabiz Cannabis: A Big Tent Where All Are ... California Cannabis Enterprises, Cannabis, Derreck Higgins, Harborside, Kyle Kazan, News California Cannabis Enterprises ... ACB, APHA, Avicanna, Cannabis, Cannabis Colombia, CGC From Coffee To Cannabis: Colombias Choice Between Economic Development ... Cannabis, DYME, DYMEF, IIPR, M&A, marijuana DionyMed To Purchase Los Angeles Cannabis Campus 2019 Jul 19, 3:46pm , 368 DionyMed ...
The more a person uses cannabis, the more likely they are to develop problem cannabis use, such as cannabis use disorder, ... The relevance of age at first alcohol and nicotine use for initiation of cannabis use and progression to cannabis use disorders ... Starting cannabis use at a younger age increases the likelihood of developing problem cannabis use. ... The effects of cannabis and alcohol on simulated arterial driving: Influences of driving experience and task demand. Accid Anal ...
That makes it nearly impossible for national banks to do business with companies involved in the cannabis industry ... Although cannabis is legal in two-thirds of the country, it is still considered a Schedule 1 drug at the federal level. ... SEATTLE, WA - MARCH 14: Brendon, the manager of the cannabis store A Greener Today, stores cannabis... [+] in safes in the ... Although cannabis is legal in two-thirds of the country, it is still considered a Schedule 1 drug at the federal level. That ...
Its wrong to say "intoxicated" when speaking of the cannabis effects because that implies toxicity.. Cannabis has been ... Cannabis is reportedly the most popular illicit substance in the world. Its estimated one-time use in 2009 ranged from125 ... In light of these effects, it was interesting to find a study on the effects of smoking cannabis on creativity. Schafer and ... Why? Because Cannabis interrupts short term memory, constantly returning the person to the present moment -- unable to sustain ...
... a cannabis oil, for her daughter, Margaret who has severe epilepsy. ... Seizure relief from Cannabis Oil. Sally Gaer helped successfully lobby for a limited medical-marijuana bill in 2014, and has ... Seizure relief from Cannabis Oil Sally Gaer helped successfully lobby for a limited medical-marijuana bill in 2014, and has ... a cannabis oil, for her daughter, Margaret who has severe epilepsy. ...
De Cannabis sativa, Nederlandse naam hennep, is een plant die in grote delen van de wereld in de vrije natuur voorkomt. Zowel ... Cannabis use and other illicit drug use: testing the cannabis gateway hypothesis. Addiction 2006; 101(4): 556-569.PubMed ... Cannabis use and cognitive decline in persons under 65 years of age. Am J Epidemiol 1999; 149(9): 794-800.PubMedGoogle Scholar ... Cannabis and educational achievement. Addiction 2003; 98(12): 1681-1692.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
But what does the science say? New Atlas presents the latest cannabis research to help you separate the fact from the fiction ... Cannabis Cures. Touted to treat every malady known to humanity, the rise of medical marijuana as a cure-all has created a ... This research set out to understand what levels of THC and CBD are in a variety of legal cannabis products, and whether these ... But what does the science say? New Atlas presents the latest cannabis research to help you separate the fact from the fiction. ...
1003-00 Cannabis and Travel * 0329-00 New policy concerning personal headphones ... If you are refused entry into a country because you have cannabis in your possession, you alone will be responsible for the ... it will remain illegal to travel across the border and internationally with cannabis (marijuana) in your possession. The ... where arriving in possession of cannabis is not legal. ... Cannabis and Travel. Canadas Cannabis Act will come into ...
Cannabis Business. Second Cup is changing its name to Aegis as it branches out into cannabis. Plans to open two cannabis stores ... Cannabis. Vapes, edibles and tea coming to legal Ontario cannabis shops next week. TORONTO - Ontario cannabis store shoppers ... Articles in the category cannabis. Cannabis Business. Ontario considers cannabis lounges, cafes as part of future open market. ... Cannabis News. An eight-year-old won a raffle at a local hockey tournament. His prize? $200 worth of cannabis edibles. The boy ...
Although cannabis has medicinal use, its consumption has been linked to motor vehicle accidents in dose dependent fashion. ... Cannabis or marijuana is the most used recreational, and until recently illegal, drug in the United States. ... Cannabis or marijuana is the most used recreational, and until recently illegal, drug in the United States. Although cannabis ... Cannabis induced asystole J Electrocardiol. Jan-Feb 2016;49(1):15-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2015.10.003. Epub 2015 Oct 13 ...
Cannabis-based drugs could offer treatment hope to sufferers of inflammatory bowel disease - the compounds seem to trigger a ... "We are not advocating cannabis use, particularly as smoking tobacco exacerbates Crohns disease and many smokers of cannabis ... Cannabis smokers with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have often claimed that smoking a joint seems to lessen their symptoms. ... "There is quite a lot of anecdotal evidence that using cannabis seems to reduce the pain and frequency of Crohns disease and ...
However, cannabis users scored lower in a task that asked them to focus on the sex of the face and then to identify the emotion ... Cannabis consumption is known to cause immediate, residual and long-term changes in brain activity that can affect appetite and ... Cannabis appears to have a significant impact on the recognition and processing of human emotions like happiness, sadness and ... In further studies, Troup is looking into the effects of cannabis on mood disorders like depression and anxiety, and one of her ...
Whether smoking cannabis increases the risk of developing schizophrenia has been hotly debated. A new study using genetically ... The psychosis-cannabis question. To date, the consensus is that cannabis use increases the risk of psychosis but, across the ... Cannabis is literally one of the safest substances on earth; sugar does more harm to the human body than does cannabis. Alcohol ... Teens who use cannabis at risk of schizophrenia THC, the psychoactive chemical found in cannabis, alters the brain in ways ...
Canadian employers have been concerned about workplace safety following the legalization of cannabis for recreational use in ... Canadian employers have been concerned about workplace safety following the legalization of cannabis for recreational use in ... Canadian employers have been concerned about workplace safety following the legalization of cannabis for recreational use in ... When it comes to cannabis, employers and HR should take a preventive approach rather than a reactive approach, Verlint said. ...
  • Although the great majority of adults who used cannabis did not go on to initiate or increase their nonmedical opioid use, a strong prospective association between cannabis and opioid use disorder should nevertheless sound a note of caution in ongoing policy discussions concerning cannabis and in clinical debate over authorization of medical marijuana to reduce nonmedical use of prescription opioids and fatal opioid overdoses. (healio.com)
  • According to Marijuana Moment , as of January 16, there were 975 cannabis-related bills moving through state legislatures and Congress for 2020 sessions. (forbes.com)
  • To my surprise I could only find two sets of recommended cannabis profiles, one published by Mel Frank in his Marijuana Grower's Insider's Guide, the other by pH Imbalance (no relation to myself) in his MJ Growers Handbook, both are shown further below. (angelfire.com)
  • Cannabis genomics research has discovered over 100 cannabinoids including marijuana molecules, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), both of which are the most well known and have been studied most extensively. (archive.org)
  • Marijuana/cannabis is a freat medicinal drug which helps cuting many diseases like diabetes, cancer, migraines, appetite, etc. (slideshare.net)
  • Marijuana is obtained from the cannabis plant and also from its hemp fiber. (slideshare.net)
  • Sally Gaer helped successfully lobby for a limited medical-marijuana bill in 2014, and has started receiving shipments of Charlotte's Web, a cannabis oil, for her daughter, Margaret who has severe epilepsy. (desmoinesregister.com)
  • Cannabis or marijuana is the most used recreational, and until recently illegal, drug in the United States. (nih.gov)
  • Extracting or separating marijuana resin, producing or processing any form of marijuana concentrates or marijuana-infused products - State liquor and cannabis board to adopt rules. (wa.gov)
  • Marijuana is the latest craze to sweep through the tech world, as entrepreneurs and investors look to cannabis to be the next big thing. (ft.com)
  • Cannabis, also known as marijuana or marihuana, has been legalized for recreational use in 11 states, the District of Columbia, and the Northern Mariana Islands. (ncsl.org)
  • James and her husband opened a medical cannabis business in Colorado only after the Justice Department's October 2009 Ogden memo advised federal prosecutors to "not focus federal resources in your States on individuals whose actions are in clear and unambiguous compliance with existing state laws providing for the medical use of marijuana. (thenation.com)
  • As each year passes, we are able to bask in the benefits of substantial cannabis culture breakthroughs-be that advancements in marijuana legalization or an industry expanding thanks to innovation and good intentions. (coolhunting.com)
  • Made in collaboration with cannabis publication Broccoli Magazine, Goldleaf's pretty ikebana prints embed the marijuana leaf subtly in larger, delicate floral arrangements by Amy Merrick. (coolhunting.com)
  • The potency of the delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive constituent in marijuana , in today's cannabis is much higher than in years past. (psychcentral.com)
  • Cannabis, better known as marijuana, has been used for its medicinal properties for thousands of years. (mercola.com)
  • Find out about the history of marijuana use, the chemistry behind a "high", and the possible dangers and benefits of cannabis. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Cannabis, or marijuana, is a drug derived from certain strains of the plant Cannabis sativa . (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Cannabis (marijuana, hashish, weed, dope) is the most commonly used illicit recreational drug in Australia. (sane.org)
  • I'm going to trust people like John Dreyzehner, our commissioner (of the Tennessee Department of Health), in terms of the fears that he has around medical marijuana and some of the issues there versus cannabis oil, which he feels like can help some people in very specific situations," Haslam told reporters in Franklin after confirming he signed the bill Monday morning. (tennessean.com)
  • Medical marijuana stocks represent companies that are involved in research and development (R&D) for the treatment of certain health conditions, while recreational cannabis companies cater to products that don't serve a medical purpose. (investopedia.com)
  • Because research in cannabis is relatively new, it is safe to assume that the payback for investors in the industry will be longer as compared to recreational marijuana. (investopedia.com)
  • Instead of a medical purpose, the recreational cannabis industry markets the high that marijuana is known for and that many users seek. (investopedia.com)
  • Just like medical marijuana, there are stocks and other investments available in the recreational cannabis sector . (investopedia.com)
  • Some of the major medicinal marijuana manufacturers in Canada include Aphria Inc (TSE: APH), Aurora Cannabis (TSE:ACB) Canopy Growth Corp (TSE:WEED) and MedReleaf Corp (TSE: LEAF), all of which average volume around 1 million shares or more. (yahoo.com)
  • Cannabis use crosses over into disorder territory when it begins to cause dysfunction in users' day-to-day lives, derailing their commitment to school or work and sowing conflict in their families, said Dr. Grant, the lead author of the Canadian Paediatric Society's position statement on marijuana, released last fall. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • After medical marijuana became legal in Massachusetts, cannabis-related poison control calls involving the commonwealth's children and teenagers doubled, according to a public health investigation led by University of Massachusetts Amherst injury prevention researcher Jennifer Whitehill. (news-medical.net)
  • Now, a new study shows that when adults mix prescription opioids for pain with marijuana or cannabis, they report higher rates of anxiety and depression symptoms. (news-medical.net)
  • Thailand, which has a tradition of using cannabis to ease pain and fatigue , legalised marijuana for medical use and research in 2017 to promote the use of cannabis-based medications. (bangkokpost.com)
  • RIO DE JANEIRO (Reuters) - Brazilian pharmaceutical regulator Anvisa on Tuesday approved regulations for the roll-out of medicinal cannabis-based products but in a separate vote blocked a proposal to allow domestic medical marijuana plantations. (reuters.com)
  • Brazil's decision to allow cannabis-based products is part of a slowly changing worldwide view toward illegal drugs, with growing investment in the medicinal benefits of marijuana and other narcotics. (reuters.com)
  • Colombia has also legalized medical marijuana, while in Mexico, the supreme court ordered the country's health ministry to speed up its issuance of medical marijuana regulations, with recreational cannabis also being discussed by lawmakers. (reuters.com)
  • PotBotics, a Palo Alto and New York-based developer of technology solutions for the medical cannabis market, has announced the beta launch of its first product, PotBot - "Your Virtual Budtender" at the Marijuana Business Conference & Expo in Las Vegas, Nevada. (prweb.com)
  • Available exclusively on http://www.potbot.com , the PotBot recommendation engine guides medical marijuana patients to the appropriate cannabinoid levels, cannabis strains, and consumption methods for twenty-eight specific ailments. (prweb.com)
  • After much user testing, we are confident that the PotBot recommendation engine will provide valuable information for new and experienced medical marijuana patients, lessen their reliance on experimentation and guesswork, and improve their confidence in consistent and personalized cannabis treatments," said David Goldstein, CEO of PotBotics. (prweb.com)
  • PotBot is an effective tool for the baby boomer demographic and new cannabis patients to educate themselves on the medical value of marijuana. (prweb.com)
  • This is by far the most comprehensive Marijuana / Cannabis app in the app store today for Breeder's, Caregivers and Medical Patients. (apple.com)
  • Marijuana or cannabis flowers contain the most cannabinoids and have the most therapeutic potential. (medicinenet.com)
  • Medical marijuana is a plant-based medicine from the Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica species with three major active compounds: THC, CBD, and CBN. (medicinenet.com)
  • Medical marijuana or medical cannabis refers to any part of the marijuana plant that is used to treat health problems. (medicinenet.com)
  • What is medical marijuana or medical cannabis? (medicinenet.com)
  • Medical marijuana is the medical use of the Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica plant to relieve symptoms of, or treat diseases and conditions. (medicinenet.com)
  • Regarding cancer, the usual claim is not that smoking marijuana cures the disease, but rather that cannabis oil isolated from marijuana cures cancer, a claim that Rick Simpson has profited from after claiming to have cured his skin cancer with cannabis oil in 2003. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Like most alternative cancer cure testimonials, when you take a closer look, inevitably the case being made that it was the cannabis oil (or whatever derivative from marijuana was used) cured the cancer (or saved the patient's life after complications of therapy) is nowhere near as convincing as the advocates making the testimonial claim. (scienceblogs.com)
  • While edible forms of cannabis have been around for decades, these products have become more widely available and acceptable to many teens as a growing number of U.S. states have legalized marijuana for medical and recreational use. (reuters.com)
  • Science is an unstoppable force behind changes in marijuana policy worldwide, yet cannabis science is not well understood by laypeople. (eastbayexpress.com)
  • One source of exogenous cannabinoids is marijuana, or to use marijuana's botanical name, cannabis. (eastbayexpress.com)
  • With the adoption of the Cannabis Act on October 17, 2018 by the Federal Government, the sector is expected to grow as producers, manufacturers, and companies from across the value chain embrace opportunities in both the recreational and medical markets. (pwc.com)
  • A fuller review of extracts or preparations containing almost exclusively CBD will take place in June 2018, when the WHO expert committee will undertake a comprehensive review of cannabis and cannabis related substances. (who.int)
  • Cannabis became legal for recreational use in California in January 2018, but it remains a federally controlled substance. (exploratorium.edu)
  • Canada's Cannabis Act will come into effect on October 17, 2018. (aircanada.com)
  • Canadian employers have been concerned about workplace safety following the legalization of cannabis for recreational use in October 2018 and the arrival of edible products in the country's retail market in December 2019. (shrm.org)
  • In the UK, "cannabis based products for medical use in humans" were rescheduled on 1 November 2018. (bmj.com)
  • Research conducted in 2018 stated that Sanofi Aventis ( SNY ) and Merck ( MRK) are among the top cannabis-related patent holders. (investopedia.com)
  • In fact, more than half - 51 per cent - of people who consume cannabis and have driven while impaired believe they are as good or better than a sober driver, according to a 2018 CAA-Ipsos study on drug-impaired driving. (thestar.com)
  • Finally, in 2019, Massachusetts is considering legislation to eliminate workplace drug testing for cannabis. (ncsl.org)
  • For example, a bill was introduced in Alaska in 2019 that would restrict the release of certain records pertaining to low-level cannabis convictions for crimes that would be considered lawful today. (ncsl.org)
  • The CSC Events team is thrilled to announce that Amazon John Easterling with special guest, Olivia Newton-John will be joining us as our 2019 Cannabis Science Conference West Plenary Speakers. (news-medical.net)
  • BOCA RATON, Fla. , Feb. 11, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- Two men are expanding Bad Ass Cannabis Products and their proprietary blend of CBD oil throughout the United States to help Americans overcome anxiety and provide pain relief. (prnewswire.com)
  • New Zealand Spain, By 2019 the concentration of cannabis social clubs in Spain is located in Catalonia with more than 200 cannabis clubs in the area of Barcelona alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the process has begun, Cannabis Clubs will not be opening until 2019. (wikipedia.org)
  • The NE Cannabis Community Awards Show will be Friday, Night March 20th as part of the 6th Annual New England Cannabis Convention, and will also serve as a fund raiser for the 2020 NECANN Social equity scholarship. (google.com)
  • A new practice guideline published in the journal CMAJ in February 2020 describes five types of drug interactions possible with the use of cannabis. (news-medical.net)
  • Cannabis strains are either pure or hybrid varieties of the plant genus Cannabis , which encompasses the species C. sativa , C. indica , and C. ruderalis . (wikipedia.org)
  • The two species of the Cannabis genus that are most commonly grown are Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa . (wikipedia.org)
  • De Cannabis sativa , Nederlandse naam 'hennep', is een plant die in grote delen van de wereld in de vrije natuur voorkomt. (springer.com)
  • Hemp seeds are small, brown seeds from the Cannabis sativa plant. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • It is very difficult to ascertain the true range for Cannabis sativa as a naturalized plant, since it is often illicitly planted in wild areas. (berkeley.edu)
  • Citation for this treatment: Alan T. Whittemore & Elizabeth McClintock 2012, Cannabis sativa , in Jepson Flora Project (eds. (berkeley.edu)
  • The company, which was founded in 2013, was named for the two main varieties of cannabis: indica and sativa. (mapinc.org)
  • The three main species typically recognized within the Cannabis sativa L. family include Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. (news-medical.net)
  • Most strains of Cannabis are short day plants, with the possible exception of C. sativa subsp. (wikipedia.org)
  • A cannabis edible , also known as a cannabis-infused food or simply an edible , is a food product that contains cannabinoids , especially tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). (wikipedia.org)
  • [19] Generally, however, because oral doses are processed by the digestive system and the liver before entering the bloodstream, cannabinoids that are ingested are absorbed more slowly and have delayed and lower peak concentrations, and are cleared more slowly, compared to inhaling them in the aerosol that is formed when cannabis is burnt. (wikipedia.org)
  • One is not usually able to distinguish between regular baked goods and those containing cannabinoids before consumption, but they tend to have a slightly green tinge and they often emit a faint cannabis smell. (wikipedia.org)
  • Research in to cannabis and cannabinoids has significantly advanced our understanding of human biology including how the endocannabinoid system can affect human health, and disease. (archive.org)
  • Cannabinoids including the many other naturally occurring components of cannabis can modulate the physiological systems in the human brain and body, this is an established scientific fact. (archive.org)
  • When people use cannabis, the cannabinoids bind to these receptors in the same way," she said. (newscientist.com)
  • Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research is the only peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the scientific, medical, and psychosocial exploration of clinical cannabis, cannabinoids, and the biochemical mechanisms of endocannabinoids. (liebertpub.com)
  • Full-length descriptions of original research on cannabis, cannabinoids, and the endocannabinoid system. (liebertpub.com)
  • They suggest that gaining a deeper understanding of how cannabinoids and sex steroids interact is both crucial to assess the effect of increasing cannabis use and to effectively deal with the results. (psychcentral.com)
  • The cannabis plant can be breed for different levels of these cannabinoids, and specific strains have been developed to treat specific ailments, such as ADHD. (scoop.co.nz)
  • Our CBD premium liquid elixirs are natural, broad-spectrum hemp cannabis oils containing natural cannabinoids, terpenes and a range of other healthy natural compounds including flavonoids, vitamins, amino acids and enzymes,' said Justin Green , CEO of Bad Ass Cannabis Products. (prnewswire.com)
  • Thus, the cannabinoids from the cannabis plant can be utilized by the human cannabinoid system. (eastbayexpress.com)
  • The Medicinal Uses of Cannabis and Cannabinoids. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cannabis indica Lam. (berkeley.edu)
  • But it is a different matter altogether when folk want to use Cannabis indica, its pharmacologically active constituents or their artificially made analogues. (bmj.com)
  • Kush is a strain of Cannabis indica. (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] The Cannabis strains referred to in this article are primarily those varieties with recreational and medicinal use . (wikipedia.org)
  • However, because Cannabis ruderalis flowers independently of the photoperiod and according to age, it has been used to breed autoflowering strains. (wikipedia.org)
  • A Seattle cannabis tour makes a stop at Dawg Star Cannabis, which won a Dope Cup award in 2017 for one of their strains. (mercurynews.com)
  • Terpenes are the compounds that give the different strains of cannabis their distinctive aromas. (mapinc.org)
  • each variety of weed has its own terpene profile, which helps account for one of the riddles of cannabis: that even if two strains share the same psychoactive molecule - 9-delta tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC - one can make its users collapse in gales of laughter while the other produces paranoia and yet another seems (at least for a moment) to reveal the secrets of the universe. (mapinc.org)
  • Cannabis strains with high levels of cannabidiol (CBD) typically have higher levels of cannabidivarin as well, but accurate quantitation of both compounds for potency and strain ID is a must, especially as interest in using CBDV as an anticonvulsant and anti-nausea treatment continues to rise. (news-medical.net)
  • There's an entire party flotilla of new cannabis summer strains to explore. (wweek.com)
  • Well, blazing hell season or nah, there's an entire party flotilla of new cannabis summer strains to explore, and I don't know about y'all, but I'm thrilled to resume smoking exotic blunts in my hammock without the threat of heatstroke. (wweek.com)
  • Strains for iOS7: An Advanced Breeder's Guide to Distinctive Cannabis. (apple.com)
  • To satisfy the UN Narcotics Convention, some cannabis strains have been bred to produce minimal levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal psychoactive constituent. (wikipedia.org)
  • All known strains of Cannabis are wind-pollinated and the fruit is an achene. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hindu Kush" strains of Cannabis were taken to the United States in the mid-to-late 1970s and continue to be available there to the present day. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has been widely reported that WHO officially recommended on December 14, 2017 that cannabis compound cannabidiol (CBD) not be internationally scheduled as a controlled substance. (who.int)
  • LOS ANGELES , Aug. 15, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Growers International , a blockchain platform for the legal cannabis industry has officially launched its token sale. (prnewswire.com)
  • Nevada passed Senate Bill 236, which will take effect July 1, 2017 and will allow business to apply for Cannabis Social Club licences. (wikipedia.org)
  • These varieties are bred mostly for the medicinal cannabis market, since they are not very appreciated by recreational cannabis users because ruderalis varieties are lower in THC and impart a slightly unpleasant taste. (wikipedia.org)
  • It's been four and a half years on the medicinal cannabis, and for us, it's been a huge change, and, yeah, I don't think he'd still be here, I really don't. (abc.net.au)
  • It's a very exciting time at the moment in the world of medicinal cannabis. (abc.net.au)
  • European lawmakers have welcomed the recent United Nations (UN) decision to stop including cannabis among the most dangerous substances, saying it would be a driving force for innovative research and a new regulatory framework in the field of medicinal cannabis. (euractiv.com)
  • A landmark experimentation recently authorised in France can foster patient access to medicinal cannabis in the country and become a role model for Europe. (euractiv.com)
  • The European Medicinal Cannabis Association (EUMCA), the newly formed Brussels-based industry body, represents the interests of ethical companies working in the supply and manufacturer of medicinal cannabis. (euractiv.com)
  • Germany's regulatory approach to medical cannabis is good practice and should be replicated across Europe, according to newly-born European Medicinal Cannabis Association (EUMCA). (euractiv.com)
  • This book addresses the urgent need of cancer patients for reliable information about medicinal cannabis that is free from the frenzy of cannabusiness, recreational drug culture, product promotion and internet misinformation. (apple.com)
  • The Health Products Regulatory Authority has recommended access to medicinal cannabis under a monitored, five-year programme, confined to a number of specific illnesses. (rte.ie)
  • The HPRA provided an expert report to Minister for Health Simon Harris on the use of medicinal cannabis following cross-party support for legislation proposed by AAA-PBP TD Gino Kenny. (rte.ie)
  • The Principal Officer of the Department of Health told the committee that the minister described the HPRA report as a 'milestone' in the development of policy on medicinal cannabis. (rte.ie)
  • Mr Lennon confirmed to Sinn Féin deputy Johnathan O'Brien that one licence had been already been granted to a patient for access to medicinal cannabis, while a second application had not been granted. (rte.ie)
  • Metiria Turei's Medicinal Cannabis Bill will make it legal for patients with severe or life threatening illnesses and injuries to access the medicine they need. (scoop.co.nz)
  • Thonburi Healthcare Group and Srinakharinwirot University executives pose for a photograph after signing a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on the research, development and production of medicinal cannabis and hemp products in Bangkok. (bangkokpost.com)
  • I am taking medicinal cannabis for pain can this be a problem with my taking Synthroid? (drugs.com)
  • Several varieties of cannabis , known as hemp , have a very low cannabinoid content, and are instead grown for their fiber and seed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Foods and beverages made from non-psychoactive cannabis products are known as hemp foods . (wikipedia.org)
  • Musician and founder of hemp and cannabis brand Shaboink, Post Malone announced this week a partnership with Icon Farms and Sherbinskis to launch Shaboink hemp pre-rolls. (benzinga.com)
  • A temporary shortage of Dutch hemp flowers intended for export to Germany has put the spotlight on a lack of diversified supply sources and uniform quality standards in the growing European market for medical cannabis. (euractiv.com)
  • Thonburi Healthcare Group (THG) is teaming up with partners to research, develop and produce cannabis and hemp products for medical purposes. (bangkokpost.com)
  • THG chairman Dr Boon Vanasin said the MoU is aimed at developing and carrying out research on medical products from cannabis and hemp extracts that are easy to use, efficient and suitable in the treatment of many diseases. (bangkokpost.com)
  • The plant is also known as hemp, although this term is often used to refer only to varieties of Cannabis cultivated for non-drug use. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cannabis has long been used for hemp fibre, hemp seeds and their oils, hemp leaves for use as vegetables and as juice, medicinal purposes, and as a recreational drug. (wikipedia.org)
  • Industrial hemp products are made from cannabis plants selected to produce an abundance of fiber. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the US, "industrial hemp" is classified by the federal government as cannabis containing no more than 0.3% THC by dry weight. (wikipedia.org)
  • Kyle Detwiler, chief executive of Clever Leaves , an international operator with brands, extraction facilities, cultivation operations, and other investments in six countries, says that countries like Colombia and Portugal that have been among the first to legalize cannabis "are poised to continue establishing their global dominance in short order. (forbes.com)
  • Stay put to focus on one of our four After Dark: Cannabis themes-society, impact, science, and cultivation-or bounce between areas of the museum to sample them all. (exploratorium.edu)
  • With legalized medical cannabis since 1996 and decades of cannabis activism, cultivation, and consumption long before that, California has long been a global leader in cannabis. (exploratorium.edu)
  • And even better in a middle east country like Lebanon, the parliament regulated the cultivation of cannabis for use in medical research. (bmj.com)
  • To avoid any conflicts with international treaties, cannabis cultivation would remain formally prohibited. (rand.org)
  • Cannabis Social Clubs are non-commercial organizations which organize the professional, collective cultivation of very limited amounts of cannabis, just enough to cover the personal needs of their club members. (wikipedia.org)
  • The U.S. government sponsored extensive preclinical research in to the effects of some of the compounds in cannabis, one of them being the cannabinoid known as cannabidiol or "CBD" - This highly regarded research showed that CBD has potent anti-tumoral properties. (archive.org)
  • Reports that cannabis eased IBD symptoms indicated the possible existence of cannabinoid receptors in the intestinal lining, which respond to molecules in the plant-derived chemicals. (newscientist.com)
  • Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research is the premier open source for authoritative cannabis and cannabinoid research, discussion, and debate. (liebertpub.com)
  • All articles in Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research are rapidly reviewed and published online within 4 weeks of acceptance. (liebertpub.com)
  • Cannabis, a fast-growing bushy annual with dense sticky flowers, produces psychoactive cannabinoid chemicals such as THC and CBD. (erowid.org)
  • At the same time, increased availability of e-cigarettes that heat cannabis have also become more common, along with cannabinoid-infused e-cigarette liquids in youth-orientated flavors like bubble gum and marketing campaigns that might attract adolescents, researchers note in JAMA Network Open. (reuters.com)
  • Cannabidiol and THCV- in cannabis that can improve the amount of calories consumption our bodies' burns. (slideshare.net)
  • Although cannabis has medicinal use, its consumption has been linked to motor vehicle accidents in dose dependent fashion. (nih.gov)
  • Cannabis consumption is known to cause immediate, residual and long-term changes in brain activity that can affect appetite and food intake, sleep patterns, executive function and emotional behavior. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • From a legal perspective, technology cannot measure cannabis consumption, as testing for THC is not consistent from person to person. (shrm.org)
  • Cannabis consumption was also inversely correlated with MTL activity, suggesting an impact on the episodic aspects of memory. (medscape.com)
  • Although there has been a slight uplift in recent years, cannabis consumption has been falling for nearly 20 years in the UK. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Cannabis consumption alone can double or quadruple the risk of fatal crashes or serious injury. (thestar.com)
  • United States Cannabis Social Clubs do not allow the sale of Cannabis on site, but allow consumption. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are also referred to as Cannabis Consumption Clubs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The District of Columbia passed regulation in 2016 banning Cannabis Consumption Clubs. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2016, Maine voters passed an initiative permitting the recreational use, retail sale and taxation of cannabis by popular vote. (ncsl.org)
  • The issue of the therapeutic use of cannabis has gained further significance over the past few years and especially since the election of 2016. (psychologytoday.com)
  • The prevalence of depression, cannabis use, and alcohol abuse increased among former smokers from 2005 to 2016 in the U.S., according to a new study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. (news-medical.net)
  • Since California residents voted in favor of recreational cannabis in 2016, more and more restaurants and bars have been getting friendly with the plant, incorporating CBD and terpenes into their offerings. (timeout.com)
  • Switzerland In 2016 four Swiss cities agreed to establish pilot cannabis clubs. (wikipedia.org)
  • As legalization of cannabis progressed through the states, so too did the practice of clearing the criminal records of those affected by prior cannabis convictions. (ncsl.org)
  • If the proposal is subsequently adopted, it would be a first step towards the legalization of cannabis production in the Netherlands. (rand.org)
  • However, they suggested that cannabis produces psychotomimetic symptoms, which in turn might lead to connecting seemingly unrelated concepts, an aspect of divergent thinking considered primary to creative thinking. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Cannabis smokers with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have often claimed that smoking a joint seems to lessen their symptoms. (newscientist.com)
  • Cannabis can cause psychotic symptoms even at low doses. (sane.org)
  • Cannabis use can also trigger or worsen psychotic symptoms in people living with an illness like schizophrenia, even when their illness is otherwise stable and responding well to treatment. (sane.org)
  • Although anyone can experience psychotic symptoms from cannabis use, it hasn't been demonstrated yet whether cannabis can cause a psychotic illness in someone who isn't otherwise susceptible. (sane.org)
  • Medical cannabis is a type of therapy prescribed by doctors for health conditions and symptoms. (investopedia.com)
  • It would also be of interest to examine the association of cannabis with depressive symptoms and its effect on medication adherence," she added. (medscape.com)
  • Commenting for Medscape Medical News , Steven Marwaha, PhD, MRCPsych, associate clinical professor of psychiatry, University of Warwick, United Kingdom, who is also the coauthor of a recently published meta-analysis that linked cannabis use to exacerbation of manic symptoms, said the research points to the need for cannabis cessation in patients with bipolar disorder. (medscape.com)
  • When it comes to cannabis, there aren t major physical withdrawal symptoms, like those of someone getting off heroin or meth would experience. (care2.com)
  • Seeking pain relief and a better quality of life, fibromyalgia patients have been turning to medical cannabis to help alleviate their symptoms. (chicagoreader.com)
  • Cannabis use is linked to an increase in both manic and depressive symptoms in people with bipolar disorder, according to a new study by Lancaster University. (psychcentral.com)
  • One theory that is used to explain high levels of drug use is that people use cannabis to self-medicate their symptoms of bipolar disorder," said Tyler. (psychcentral.com)
  • Cannabis use was also associated with an increase in positive mood, manic symptoms and paradoxically an increase in depressive symptoms, but not in the same individuals. (psychcentral.com)
  • The findings suggest that cannabis is not being used to self-medicate small changes in symptoms within the context of daily life. (psychcentral.com)
  • Burning Mouth Syndrome - Has anybody else found that medical cannabis has relieved their symptoms? (drugs.com)
  • The cannabis comes in during his last BMT, when his mother gave him cannabis oil to relieve his symptoms as his transplant appeared to be failing and was overjoyed when her son recovered after having been in hospice for over a month. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Cannabis is reportedly the most popular illicit substance in the world. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Cannabis use and other illicit drug use: testing the cannabis gateway hypothesis. (springer.com)
  • Cannabis is, by far, the most commonly used illicit drug both across the United States and globally. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • When it comes to retail distribution, the LCBO has the expertise, the experience, and the insight to ensure careful control of cannabis, helping us to discourage illicit market activity and see that illegal dispensaries are shut down," Sousa said Friday . (yahoo.com)
  • Cannabis is the most frequently use illicit substance in the United States. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • High rates of use of cannabis and other recreational/illicit drugs in patients with bipolar disorder are well documented. (medscape.com)
  • Cannabis is the world's most used illicit substance. (psychologytoday.com)
  • The report found legalisation could initially depress the illicit trade in cannabis but evidence from parts of the USA suggests that black market operations adapt rather than disappear. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • New Jersey is considering several bills related to medical cannabis in general and most contain some employment protections for patients. (ncsl.org)
  • [8] The oil-solubility of cannabis extracts was also known to ancient Indians , with Sanskrit recipes requiring cannabis to be sautéed in ghee before mixing it with other ingredients. (wikipedia.org)
  • As such, as CBD is not currently a scheduled substance in its own right (only as a component of cannabis extracts), current information does not justify a change in this scheduling position and does not justify scheduling of the substance. (who.int)
  • However, where CBD is produced for pharmaceutical purposes as an extract of cannabis, cannabis extracts and tinctures are included in the 1961 UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. (who.int)
  • HollyWeed North Cannabis, the parent company of HollyWeed Manufacturing & Extracts, is a British Columbia-based company that operates several subsidiaries specializing in the growth, manufacturing, licensing, and production of cannabis and other pharmaceutical grade products. (yahoo.com)
  • Cannabis and psychosis. (springer.com)
  • To date, the consensus is that cannabis use increases the risk of psychosis but, across the population, the effect is relatively small. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Cannabis use makes you more likely to experience psychosis, but your genetics, early development and life experiences have a much stronger effect on your chances of becoming ill. (sane.org)
  • Can cannabis cause psychosis? (sane.org)
  • Two cases of "cannabis acute psychosis" following the administration of oral cannabis. (sane.org)
  • The findings, published in the January issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry , provide the first experimental evidence of the effect cannabis has on the importance people attach to things they perceive and help explain why some more potent forms of the drugs are more strongly linked to psychosis. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • The increasing prevalence in Europe and the UK of more potent forms of cannabis with high levels of THC is worrying, as there is a strong evidence of a link between THC and psychosis in some individuals. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • There is stronger evidence that heavy use of cannabis can lead to psychosis, especially among people who have a family history of mental illness, Dr. Beck said. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • A new Addiction Biology study provides the first evidence of a blunted response to stress-induced dopamine signaling in the brain's prefrontal cortex in individuals at high risk for psychosis who regularly used cannabis. (news-medical.net)
  • I t also casts doubt over claims legalisation can improve the quality of cannabis sold on the streets, amid fears skunk variety can lead to users suffering from mental impairment and even psychosis. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Cannabidiol is one of several (probably 200) compounds of the cannabis plant. (who.int)
  • A new study is offering some of the first robust evidence showing how cannabidiol (CBD), a key compound in cannabis, increases cerebral blood flow in memory processing regions of the brain such as the. (flipboard.com)
  • Positive results from the world's first clinical trial testing the potential for cannabidiol to treat cannabis addiction suggest daily use of medical-grade CBD is both safe and effective at reducing problematic. (flipboard.com)
  • The study looked at 15 healthy men, who were occasional cannabis users, to examine the effects of the two main components of cannabis, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) on regional brain function. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • However, cannabidiol (CBD),the other major ingredient in cannabis, had the opposite effect on the brain. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • The most well-known compounds found within the cannabis plant are THC, cannabidiol (CBD) and cannabinol (CBN). (news-medical.net)
  • Cannabis is a plant-derived drug containing the psychoactive ingredient delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and non-psychoactive cannabidiol (CBD). (news-medical.net)
  • THC is this bit of the cannabis plant which makes you stoned, you get a high feeling, so it is psychoactive, and it also impairs your cognitive performance. (abc.net.au)
  • According to Health Canada , edible cannabis products will have, at most, 10 milligrams of THC, the chemical responsible for most of the drug's psychoactive effects. (shrm.org)
  • Because of some of these psychoactive effects, cannabis had been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • In some U.S. states that have legalized cannabis, edibles have experienced a dramatic rise in sales. (wikipedia.org)
  • [15] However, there is growing concern about the danger edibles pose to children and inexperienced cannabis consumers, who may easily consume too much at once, possibly not even realizing the food has been infused. (wikipedia.org)
  • TORONTO - Ontario cannabis store shoppers with a hankering for edibles were out of luck Monday. (ottawacitizen.com)
  • Cannabis start-ups proliferated, from edibles manufacturers to advertising companies to tourism. (ft.com)
  • Even if you are open-minded about the benefits of cannabis , popular methods like eating edibles, smoking, or vaping can seem intimidating. (popsugar.com)
  • As someone who didn't want to smoke cannabis, Jan looked to edibles instead. (popsugar.com)
  • Plant breeders rights (PBR) for new cannabis varieties Cannabis Industry: opportunities are there! (slideshare.net)
  • Explore an interactive 3D visualization of the world's largest genetic database of cannabis varieties, then learn how new technologies can illuminate how cannabis works-and how it can be bred and grown to produce desirable physical characteristics and sought-after chemical compounds like terpenes, THC, CBD, and more. (exploratorium.edu)
  • This venation pattern varies slightly among varieties, but in general it enables one to tell Cannabis leaves from superficially similar leaves without difficulty and without special equipment. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to the California Pacific Medical Center and Dr. Sean McAllister's lab, the most effective medical cannabis results were obtained when CBD was administered at the same time with THC. (archive.org)
  • The legalization of recreational cannabis use in California has been complex from legal, cultural, and economic standpoints. (exploratorium.edu)
  • Begin untangling these knotty issues with Rodney Holcombe, staff attorney at the Drug Policy Alliance, and Eugene Hillsman, acting director of San Francisco's Office of Cannabis-come hear about some of the ways California has changed since legalization and get a better understanding of what the future may look like for cannabis culture and the law. (exploratorium.edu)
  • Cannabis is the most lucrative crop in California today, but questions remain about the possibility of growing cannabis at scale while protecting the environment and sustaining rural communities. (exploratorium.edu)
  • Join Hezekiah Allen of Cooperative California for a look at where we've been and where we might go: the history of cannabis in California, the politics and policies shaping the emerging market, and the opportunity of cannabis could be, both here and around the world. (exploratorium.edu)
  • Earlier this month, California Cannabis Enterprises appointed Derrek Higgins as chief financial officer. (benzinga.com)
  • Last week, the California State Assembly effectively killed a bill that would have paved the way for state-chartered banks to handle finances for the expanding cannabis industry. (forbes.com)
  • It was never a perfect solution, but now California cannabis entrepreneurs have little chance of easy banking access any time soon. (forbes.com)
  • The IRS audited dispensaries in California and Colorado, and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives said medical cannabis users couldn't own firearms, in effect treating legal patients as criminals. (thenation.com)
  • Danielle Ramo, PhD, associate professor in residence and licensed psychologist in the department of psychiatry and the Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), told Healthline that making a direct comparison between alcohol and cannabis use made this study unique. (healthline.com)
  • a cannabis producer with operations in Canada, Washington and California, announced its membership in the Global Cannabis Partnership, a collaboration of players in the government-sanctioned adult-use recreational cannabis industry. (yahoo.com)
  • Proposition P urged the state of California to make cannabis available for medical use. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Cannabis was first approved for legal medical use at the state level California in 1996 and many other states followed suit. (psychologytoday.com)
  • The official approach to the control of substance use has gradually shifted since California legalized medical cannabis and Portugal decriminalized all drugs. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Consumers will "begin to insist" on CBD standards agrees Bill Thurman, chief executive of Redbird Bioscience a medical cannabis operator and producer of pharmaceutical-grade cannabis for patients in Oklahoma. (forbes.com)
  • A handful of states have policies in place that somehow address anti-discrimination for medical cannabis patients. (ncsl.org)
  • As displayed in the above table, most states do not require any special workplace accommodations for medical cannabis patients and leave policies relating to cannabis use and subsequent disciplinary actions up to individual employers. (ncsl.org)
  • AB 20 has passed both houses and would prohibit employer discrimination against individuals who are medical cannabis patients. (ncsl.org)
  • Cooperatives - Qualifying patients or designated providers may form - Requirements - Restrictions on locations - State liquor and cannabis board may adopt rules. (wa.gov)
  • Makers of the Select Oil and Select CBD brands, Cura strives to provide patients and customers with the cleanest, most flavorful high-quality cannabis oils, with the safest delivery methods available. (entrepreneur.com)
  • Patients deserve faster access to safe medical cannabis. (euractiv.com)
  • A strong EU regulatory framework on medical cannabis is needed to provide investors with stability but also to give peace of mind to patients struggling with fragmented legislation among member states, socialist MEP Miriam Dalli said. (euractiv.com)
  • The medical cannabis industry is growing rapidly in Europe and thousands of patients are already prescribed with cannabis-based drugs. (euractiv.com)
  • Volume 1 of this 3 part series, Cannabis in Context guides patients through the maze of misinformation to help them understand cannabis as a plant, as a medicinal herb, and its different preparations as well giving an essential framework for how herbs can be effectively incorporated into cancer care. (apple.com)
  • The new law allows patients who suffer from seizures or epilepsy and received a recommendation from a doctor to use cannabis oil. (tennessean.com)
  • Advocates point to studies and patients in other states who have responded positively from the use of cannabis oil. (tennessean.com)
  • The HPRA report concluded that cannabis for medical use should only be initiated as part of a structured process of formal ongoing clinical evaluation in patients with the clearly defined medical conditions. (rte.ie)
  • But to be clear, patients accessing cannabis under the programme, will need to be recommended for cannabis treatment by a relevant medical consultant involved in the patient's care,' Mr Lennon said. (rte.ie)
  • This means patients can only access cannabis treatments with a prescription from their doctors. (investopedia.com)
  • Bipolar patients with mania/mixed episodes who quit using cannabis do better than their counterparts who continue using the drug, new research shows. (medscape.com)
  • Our findings indicate that the negative effects of cannabis use on the course of bipolar disorder disappear when patients stop using it: We found that patients who stopped using cannabis during an acute manic/mixed episode had similar clinical and functional outcomes at 2 years as those who have never used cannabis," the researchers, led by Ana Gonzales-Pinto, MD, PhD, Division of Psychiatry Research, Santiago Apostol Hospital, Vitoria, Spain, write. (medscape.com)
  • Our results also showed that patients who continued to use cannabis had worse outcomes than those who either stopped using cannabis or had never used it," the researchers add. (medscape.com)
  • However, the investigators note that the current study, known as the the European Mania in Bipolar Longitudinal Evaluation of Medication (EMBLEM) study, is "the first to explore the long-term consequences of continuation or cessation of cannabis use on remission, recovery, recurrence, and relapse in patients with bipolar disorder. (medscape.com)
  • The researchers analyzed the course of bipolar disorder in 1922 patients from various centers in 14 European countries who had either stopped using cannabis during acute treatment of mania or mixed state episode, were not users, or who had continued to use the drug. (medscape.com)
  • Of the 1922 patients, 132 (6.9%) continued cannabis use, 89 (4.6%) stopped use prior to the maintenance phase, and 1701 (88.5%) were not cannabis users. (medscape.com)
  • In addition, Dr Gonzales-Pinto told Medscape Medical News that "patients that continued using cannabis had more suicide attempts than those that quit or those who never used cannabis. (medscape.com)
  • Nine of 130 patients (6.9 %) who continued using cannabis attempted suicide during the maintenance phase, in comparison with 51 of the 1701 nonusers (3.0 %) and 4 of 90 (4.4 %) who had quit using. (medscape.com)
  • In the future, investigations about the benefits of quitting cannabis should be conducted in younger patients, as they use cannabis more frequently," said Dr Gonzales-Pinto. (medscape.com)
  • Unfortunately, without the opportunity to sell adult-use cannabis, the store will likely close as patients shift to adult-use stores. (nj.com)
  • For some patients, cannabis may offer help with sleep. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Now, new scientific research provides evidence that cannabis may be an effective treatment for a third of epilepsy patients who, like Charlotte, have a treatment-resistant form of the disease. (scientificamerican.com)
  • In particular, both patients and scientists have started to focus on the potential benefits of CBD, one of the main compounds in cannabis. (scientificamerican.com)
  • For example, an earlier 2015 study carried out by Chapman and his group at the University of Colorado revealed that 47 percent of patients whose families had moved to Colorado for cannabis-based epilepsy treatment reported improvement, compared with 22 percent in people who already lived there. (scientificamerican.com)
  • For many patients, the only medicine that works to relieve their suffering is Cannabis. (scoop.co.nz)
  • The pharmaceutical cannabis preparation Sativex has been approved for a number of patients. (scoop.co.nz)
  • Metia Turei's Bill will increase access to this important medicine by allowing patients or their caregivers to grow their own cannabis. (scoop.co.nz)
  • Metiria's Bill will allow for a more diverse range of cannabis products to be made available, to better suit the needs of patients. (scoop.co.nz)
  • One of the top reasons our patients apply for their medical cannabis card is to treat chronic pain. (chicagoreader.com)
  • SWU is looking forward to working with THG to help optimise the quality and safety of the medical cannabis products that will be available to patients. (bangkokpost.com)
  • There is an increasing discussion about whether the differences between species adequately represents the variability found within the genus cannabis . (wikipedia.org)
  • Cannabis (/ˈkænəbɪs/) is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • While Canadians now can legally consume cannabis products, employment and labor lawyers say this does not give employees the right to use the drug at work. (shrm.org)
  • We are struck by the fact that people are allowed to gamble, buy alcohol and consume alcohol on the Boardwalk, but purchasing cannabis is prohibited," he said in an email statement. (nj.com)
  • More than half of people who consume cannabis and have driven while impaired believe they are as good or better than a clean and sober driver. (thestar.com)
  • A new study in the American Journal of Psychiatry suggests that cannabis may actually have a more negative impact on teens' cognitive development than alcohol. (healthline.com)
  • In June, JAMA Psychiatry published a review that looked at 69 past studies on cannabis use among young people. (healthline.com)
  • Since there are various forms of cannabis, including crude and purified mixtures that have varying THC:CBD ratios, the final drug interaction will also depend on the chemical profile of the preparation. (news-medical.net)
  • Scientists can also isolate specific compounds in cannabis to create unique new medicines. (scoop.co.nz)
  • This suggests that cannabis produces equally well under a wide range of nutrient strengths and profiles, and that using more is not necessarily better when using less gives the same results as using more. (angelfire.com)
  • In addition, previous research suggests that cannabis has a deleterious effect on the course of the illness. (medscape.com)
  • This bill specifically states that a petitioner may petition the court to expunge records of a conviction or guilty plea for possession of not more then 10 grams of cannabis if 3 years or more have passed since the petitioner has completed his or her sentence. (ncsl.org)
  • In the case of a domestic flight, please be advised that unforeseen situations may and do arise that require a domestic flight to divert to a U.S. airport, where arriving in possession of cannabis is not legal. (aircanada.com)
  • If you are refused entry into a country because you have cannabis in your possession, you alone will be responsible for the consequences, including for payment of your return trip home . (aircanada.com)
  • Despite the recent trend of states and territories legalizing cannabis in some form or another, there remains a large population of individuals who have a criminal record for cannabis possession. (ncsl.org)
  • This resource covers both cannabis specific record clearing and general record clearing that may cover cannabis possession convictions. (ncsl.org)
  • Cannabis Amnesty and DOJA are petitioning Ottawa to go beyond pardons by expunging past simple possession convictions. (theprovince.com)
  • But by the late 1960s, the use and possession of cannabis became illegal in many countries, due to debates surrounding the drug's effects. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • The report further suggests those caught for cannabis possession should be treated with "greater compassion" and efforts must be made to avoid damaging their future prospects. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • About PotBotics: PotBotics, Inc. is a Palo Alto and New York-based developer and marketer of enterprise class technology solutions for the medical cannabis market. (prweb.com)
  • LAS VEGAS, April 28, 2015 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Medical Cannabis Payment Solutions (OTC Bulletin Board, REFG), a leader in technological solutions for the medical cannabis industry, today announced a series of strategic investment and productivity initiatives to deliver top-tier, sustainable long-term growth for its shareholders. (cnbc.com)
  • Cannabis is a versatile plant. (abc.net.au)
  • Sinds mensenheugenis wordt de plant voor verschillende doeleinden gekweekt: als grondstof voor textiel, als medicijn en natuurlijk wegens de psychoactieve eigenschappen, al dan niet toegepast in religieuze ceremonies. (springer.com)
  • Gertsch J, Pertwee RG, Di Marzo V. Phytocannabinoids beyond the Cannabis plant - do they exist? (medscape.com)
  • The Cannabis plant was used medically for centuries around the world until the early 1900s. (medicinenet.com)
  • The leaves have a peculiar and diagnostic venation pattern that enables persons poorly familiar with the plant to distinguish a cannabis leaf from unrelated species that have confusingly similar leaves (see illustration). (wikipedia.org)
  • Although monoecious plants are often referred to as "hermaphrodites", true hermaphrodites - which are less common in Cannabis - bear staminate and pistillate structures together on individual flowers, whereas monoecious plants bear male and female flowers at different locations on the same plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • The anecdotal evidence that cannabis has a positive effect on a long list of medical conditions from epilepsy, pain, cancer, even Alzheimer's Disease is building. (abc.net.au)
  • One of the most straightforward ways traders can add cannabis to their portfolio is through large- and mid-cap pharmaceutical companies traded on the major exchanges that also produce cannabis for medicinal use. (yahoo.com)
  • But, if passed, the law would offer the Minister of Health the opportunity to tolerate a number of commercial enterprises to produce cannabis. (rand.org)
  • As we head toward legalization, Canadians have a long list of questions around how consuming cannabis may affect their physical and mental health. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • Until cannabis is taken of the Schedule One substance list, medical research will be challenging to undertake. (forbes.com)
  • Tabram was introduced to the substance last year to relieve her medical problems, and soon after started preparing a variety of cannabis-laced dishes for herself and her friends, including "chicken and leek pies, curries, beef casseroles, chocolate cakes and biscuits. (reason.com)
  • When alcohol and other substance use was factored into the analysis, cannabis remained differentiated for reducing time to, and increasing frequency of, symptom recurrence but was not statistically distinct from other substances on the association with lower rates of remission and recovery. (medscape.com)
  • An alternative to biotechs and over-the-counter solutions companies is to look for cannabis stocks traded on Canadian exchanges where the substance is entirely legal for medicinal use. (yahoo.com)
  • But cannabis can cause some problems for people who overuse the substance. (care2.com)
  • The report also summarizes the acute and chronic effects of cannabis use including various cognitive (learning and recalling information, integrating complex information, increased risk of psychotic disorders) and psychomotor impairments (higher risk of accidents when driving intoxicated). (psychologytoday.com)
  • Dr Riba told Medscape Medical News that it was important to study the participants after 4 weeks of abstinence because they were interested in the long-term effects of regular cannabis use, as opposed to the acute effects of the drug, while tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is present in the body. (medscape.com)
  • Investigators at the International Mood Disorders Research Center, Centro de Investigacíón Biomédica en Red en Salud Mental (CIBERSAM), in Spain, found that quitting cannabis during acute treatment for manic/mixed bipolar episodes and refraining from use during a maintenance treatment period significantly improved function and lowered the risk for recurrence. (medscape.com)
  • Cannabis sales have increased substantially in the last few years, but so has the competition with more growers, retailers and other entrepreneurs vying for a stake in the "green rush. (forbes.com)
  • Growers International is a digital currency for professional cannabis growers and entrepreneurs. (prnewswire.com)
  • The majority of the cannabis business owners are undoubtedly responsible entrepreneurs. (rand.org)
  • Comparing effects of eating cannabis products and smoking them is difficult because there are large margins of error due to variability in how different people smoke, with the number, duration, and spacing of puffs, the hold time and the volume of the person's lungs all affecting the dosing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Visit HerbalMission.org to get quality cannabis products. (slideshare.net)
  • This research set out to understand what levels of THC and CBD are in a variety of legal cannabis products, and whether these products are suitable for medical uses. (flipboard.com)
  • Growers International operates a platform with more than 12,000 cannabis related products. (prnewswire.com)
  • is teaming up with Velvet Management to be its Canada-wide sales and distribution agent for its premium wellness, recreational, and craft cannabis products to be sold through provincially licensed stores and online retailers. (yahoo.com)
  • Ms Nolan said that to date there is an absence of scientific data demonstrating the effectiveness and safety of cannabis products. (rte.ie)
  • In addition, most cannabis products available under international access schemes do not meet pharmaceutical quality requirements for medicines,' Ms Nolan told members. (rte.ie)
  • As a leading platform for vertical integration, Schwazze is strengthening the operational efficiency of the cannabis industry in Colorado and beyond, promoting sustainable growth and increased access to capital, while delivering best-quality service and products to the end consumer. (benzinga.com)
  • If you are looking to use cannabis products that don't cause a "high" effect, you have options such as CBD oil, topical lotions, and transdermal patches. (chicagoreader.com)
  • The aim is to create quality medical-grade cannabis products that are affordable to the Thai people, said Dr Boon. (bangkokpost.com)
  • A spokesman for Anvisa said that Brazilian firms interested in manufacturing cannabis-based products would need to import inputs from aboard. (reuters.com)
  • Anvisa also set out specific rules for the manufacture, import, sale, packaging, marketing and regulation of the new class of cannabis-based products. (reuters.com)
  • Anvisa said that cannabis-based products will only be available for sale in registered pharmacies, and with a prescription. (reuters.com)
  • Bad Ass Cannabis Products, whose parent company is Mist Health Systems in Las Vegas , is promoting two major products. (prnewswire.com)
  • In the wake of rising rates of nonmedical prescription opioid use, there has been increased public and professional interest in the possibility that cannabis might help to curb or prevent opioid use disorder," Mark Olfson , MD, MPH, of Columbia University Medical Center, New York, and colleagues wrote. (healio.com)
  • To assess associations between cannabis use and change in risk for incident nonmedical prescription opioid use and opioid use disorder at 3 years, researchers analyzed data from wave 1 (2001-2002) and wave 2 (2004-2005) of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. (healio.com)
  • The more a person uses cannabis, the more likely they are to develop problem cannabis use, such as cannabis use disorder, dependence, abuse, or other varying levels of hazardous or potentially harmful behavior. (cdc.gov)
  • The results overall indicate that cannabis may have some beneficial short-term but not really long-term effects on obsessive-compulsive disorder. (flipboard.com)
  • While vulnerability to starting cannabis use and developing cannabis use disorder (CUD) is heritable, other risk factors are believed to speed the transition. (psychcentral.com)
  • Up to a quarter of people diagnosed with schizophrenia may also have a cannabis use disorder. (sane.org)
  • According to the investigators, the study's findings "imply that stopping cannabis use is an important goal to achieve in cannabis users with bipolar disorder. (medscape.com)
  • People who have an unhealthy relationship with cannabis do not have an addiction they have cannabis use disorder. (care2.com)
  • A resource by Medscape helps define a cannabis-related disorder as a problematic pattern of cannabis use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress. (care2.com)
  • We should be asking what does cannabis use disorder look like? (care2.com)
  • We know that 1 in 7 teenagers who start using cannabis will develop cannabis-use disorder, which is significant," said Christina Grant, a professor of pediatrics at McMaster University in Hamilton. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • The study is the first to examine the use of cannabis in the context of daily life among people with bipolar disorder. (psychcentral.com)
  • In the U.K., where the study took place, around two percent of the population suffers from bipolar disorder, with up to 60 percent of those using cannabis at some point in their lives. (psychcentral.com)
  • Opposite relationships between cannabis use and neurocognitive functioning in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. (medscape.com)
  • Medical cannabis drug development requires an extensive knowledge of cannabis-related IP rights, and a proven record in pre-clinical cannabis-derived study. (slideshare.net)
  • Dr. Ran Barzilay, a child and adolescent psychiatrist at TAU's Sackler School of Medicine, explains that: "The study was conducted on mice, but it mimics a clinical picture of 'first episode' schizophrenia, which presents during adolescence in proximity to robust cannabis use. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Usually, there is another explanation for how well the patient is doing and/or the link between starting cannabis oil and clinical improvement is not nearly as convincing as it seems on the surface. (scienceblogs.com)
  • clearly there are health risks associated with cannabis. (healthline.com)
  • Parents should make sure teens understand the very real health risks associated with cannabis use during a period in life when their bodies and brains are still developing, Rome said. (reuters.com)
  • Israel still leads the world in global cannabis research, and Israeli scientists like chemist Raphael Mechoulam, a researcher at Hebrew University and pioneer in cannabis research, are being hired or given research grants by American organizations. (forbes.com)
  • In fact, a previously unknown and completely natural biochemical communication system in the human body was discovered after research on the effects of cannabis. (archive.org)
  • While cultural and medical norms and state laws have shifted, this federal law remains in place, preventing research and the inter-state transportation of cannabis and limiting cannabis banking. (exploratorium.edu)
  • Join Dr. Jeremy Warren of Dark Heart Nursery to learn more about recent research and findings about this pathogen, its effects on cannabis crops, and what steps are being taken to eradicate it. (exploratorium.edu)
  • Let's review the latest research and find out if everyone can put down cannabis. (benzinga.com)
  • New Atlas presents the latest cannabis research to help you separate the fact from the fiction. (flipboard.com)
  • Cannabis appears to have a significant impact on the recognition and processing of human emotions like happiness, sadness and anger, according to research published in the journal PLOS One . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The study confirms the conclusions of earlier research: that cannabis is most likely to produce long-term psychiatric effects in individuals who are most susceptible. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Our research demonstrates that cannabis has a differential risk on susceptible versus non-susceptible individuals. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Jordi Riba, PhD, Human Neuropsychopharmacology Group, Sant Pau Institute of Biomedical Research, Barcelona, Spain, and colleagues found that even a month after abstaining, cannabis users were more likely than healthy control persons to believe they had seen a word before on a task. (medscape.com)
  • Much of what we think we know about cannabis may soon change as a result of new research that uncovers some surprising facts. (psychcentral.com)
  • The answers to these questions are multi-layered and not always clear-cut, which is why cannabis research continues with even more urgency. (psychcentral.com)
  • Comprehensive research published in Frontiers in Behavioral Science outlines some fascinating details of the differences between men and women when it comes to the effect of cannabis. (psychcentral.com)
  • Some of the research these companies cite to support what they are advertising has been published and peer-reviewed, but much of the recent work on the effects of cannabis has been conducted privately, and the companies are guarding their results as trade secrets. (mapinc.org)
  • According to research, more spending is expected to take place in the recreational cannabis market, but it is heavily taxed. (investopedia.com)
  • However, there may be ingredients in cannabis, such as CBD, which could prove to be useful treatments for psychiatric conditions, but more research is needed here. (kcl.ac.uk)
  • At that time, just before the election in 2012, I concluded that there was insufficient research to say definitively whether or not cannabis might be useful in treating insomnia. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Last month Orrin Devinsky, a neurologist at New York University Langone Medical Center, and his colleagues across multiple research centers published the results from the largest study to date of a cannabis-based drug for treatment-resistant epilepsy in The Lancet Neurology . (scientificamerican.com)
  • In any case, when dealing with cannabis stocks, investors should thoroughly research the company and the status of the product within its state and the regions it serves. (yahoo.com)
  • However, the vast majority of the research involved people who use cannabis daily. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • Apart from cooperation on cannabis research, SWU also signed an agreement on academic cooperation with THG to upgrade the Heart Center at Panyananthaphikkhu Chonprathan Medical Center (PCMC), a teaching hospital under the direction of SWU, to be one of the best in its field. (bangkokpost.com)
  • Kasetsart University's director of medical cannabis research, Natakorn Thasnas, said the university will supply 2,200kg of cannabis to the ministry. (bangkokpost.com)
  • Cannabis users hold alarming and even dangerous misperceptions about the impact of the drug on their driving, according to recent research. (thestar.com)
  • In light of the emerging science, CAA has been urging the federal government to earmark funding for research on the effects of cannabis on driving. (thestar.com)
  • Last July, Ralph Goodale, the federal minister of public safety, announced $919,000 to fund the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health's scientific research on the effects of cannabis on drivers aged 19 to 45. (thestar.com)
  • For its part, CAA will continue to commission research to better understand attitudes, behaviours and perceptions of cannabis and driving, while also responding to other factors as they arise, Di Felice says. (thestar.com)
  • Cannabis use during adolescence has been linked to learning and memory deficits as well as impaired academic achievement in previous research. (reuters.com)
  • We report that cannabis use, even among adults with moderate to severe pain, was associated with a substantially increased risk of nonmedical prescription opioid use at 3-year follow-up," the researchers wrote. (healio.com)
  • Now researchers are applying scientific rigour to convert anecdote into data so we might fully and safely harness the medicinal power of cannabis. (abc.net.au)
  • Since cannabis addiction is much less severe than tobacco and other addictions, providing a definition has become a challenging task for researchers and even gave birth to controversy. (benzinga.com)
  • Cannabis-based drugs could offer treatment hope to sufferers of inflammatory bowel disease, UK researchers report. (newscientist.com)
  • The researchers conclude that cannabis affects the brain's ability to process emotion, but that the brain may be able to counter the effects, depending on whether the emotions are explicitly or implicitly detected. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • For the study, the researchers recruited 16 heavy cannabis users and two groups of matched control individuals. (medscape.com)
  • The researchers found that on fMRI, cannabis users had reduced activation in areas linked to memory processing in the lateral and medial temporal lobe (MTL) and in the parietal and frontal regions linked to attention and performance monitoring. (medscape.com)
  • Researchers think he might have eaten the cannabis or possibly put it on a burning fire to create fumes. (cnn.com)
  • The researchers found that the odds of using cannabis increased when individuals were in a good mood. (psychcentral.com)
  • In the current study, researchers asked students at 10 Los Angeles high schools in 2015 about lifetime and prior-month cannabis use. (reuters.com)
  • By the time the 20th century rolled in, cannabis had acquired a very different image. (abc.net.au)
  • Then around the 20th century, cannabis became more accessible and more widely used for recreational purposes. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • However, Illinois is far from alone when it comes to clearing cannabis records. (ncsl.org)
  • She explains that the aim of the emotion-processing paradigm was to see if the reactions in people who use cannabis would be different from those who do not. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • 4. Cannabis Industry: Money is there too! (slideshare.net)
  • Navigating the cannabis-related IP issues requires extensive knowledge of the cannabis industry specificity. (slideshare.net)
  • The cannabis industry is blossoming. (pwc.com)
  • I write about business and the legal cannabis industry. (forbes.com)
  • That makes it nearly impossible for national banks to do business with companies involved in the cannabis industry, because they risk criminal prosecution for money laundering and "aiding and abetting" a federal crime. (forbes.com)
  • Here's a look at some Cannabis Industry groups near Brooklyn. (meetup.com)
  • Federal intervention continues in Colorado, leader of the national industry, where James owned a medical cannabis business. (thenation.com)
  • The financial stakes are clear: Despite lingering prohibitions in 17 states, legal cannabis is already an $8 billion industry in the United States. (mapinc.org)
  • The fight for the first 12 licenses in New Jersey's cannabis industry included millions of dollars and lawsuits, as both local and national companies wrestled for the competitive edge to be first in a pending adult-use marketplace. (nj.com)
  • While cannabis isn't entirely legal in the U.S., it's legal to invest in cannabis companies or those hedging their way into the industry. (yahoo.com)
  • For those who want to get in at the ground floor of the U.S. cannabis industry, there are dozens of companies who are seeking investor capital. (yahoo.com)
  • Our strategic goal of 2014 was to have a market-ready, innovative payment solution for the medical cannabis industry. (cnbc.com)
  • NIST is developing an integrated measurement services program for Cannabis to ensure the quality of routine analysis in forensic laboratories, third party testing companies, and throughout the Cannabis industry. (nist.gov)
  • [2] A third species, Cannabis ruderalis , is very short and produces only trace amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and thus is not commonly grown for industrial, recreational or medicinal use. (wikipedia.org)
  • [1] Although edible may refer to either a food or a drink , a cannabis-infused drink may be referred to specifically as a liquid edible or drinkable . (wikipedia.org)
  • Bhang is an edible preparation of cannabis native to the Indian subcontinent . (wikipedia.org)
  • A cannabis-infused baked good is a common type of cannabis edible. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Cura platform provides cannabis oil to both consumers and premium edible brands in legal U.S. and international markets. (entrepreneur.com)
  • More than one in five adolescents have consumed edible cannabis, and more than one in 10 have vaped it. (reuters.com)
  • cannabis oil and other medical concentrates (including CBD which doesn't induce a head high) are common forms of treatment for women's health issues , anxiety, pain and insomnia . (care2.com)
  • Aurora Cannabis, the company that operates the facility, is going to great lengths to mitigate any pot odour wafting over to the airport, as well as local hotels and outlet stores. (msn.com)
  • Chief corporate officer of Aurora Cannabis, Cam Battley, said a common misconception is that the smell of cannabis can cause impairment. (msn.com)
  • The scent is coming from the Edmonton International Airport's new neighbour, Aurora Sky, one of the world's largest cannabis facilities. (msn.com)
  • Work on the therapeutic uses of cannabis is one aspect of the "psychedelic renaissance" (Sessa, 2012) that has been taking place globally for many years but especially since 2010. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Cognitive measures in long-term cannabis users. (springer.com)
  • However, in the absence of evidence on the harmful effects of long-term cannabis use, caution is required. (bmj.com)
  • Women, on the other hand, seem to be more vulnerable to developing an addiction to cannabis, at least on a neurochemical level. (psychcentral.com)
  • CCE is one of the largest vertically integrated cannabis companies in the U.S. Higgins will report to CEO Kyle Kazan and lead the company's financial efforts and Series A. He previously. (benzinga.com)
  • Schwazze (OTCQX: SHWZ) is executing its vision to become a leading vertically integrated cannabis holding company. (benzinga.com)
  • The relevance of age at first alcohol and nicotine use for initiation of cannabis use and progression to cannabis use disorders. (cdc.gov)
  • Cannabis effects on driving lateral control with and without alcohol. (cdc.gov)
  • Lenne MG, Dietze PM, Triggs TJ, Walmsley S, Murphy B, Redman JR. The effects of cannabis and alcohol on simulated arterial driving: Influences of driving experience and task demand. (cdc.gov)
  • Probability and predictors of transition from first use to dependence on nicotine, alcohol, cannabis, and cocaine: results of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). (cdc.gov)
  • A new study looked at how cannabis, alcohol, and other substances affect the brains of teens. (healthline.com)
  • Ten years ago, we understood a lot about alcohol but very little about cannabis. (healthline.com)
  • She said that she would have expected to see that alcohol had a negative impact on cognitive development, but it was a surprise to see just how impactful cannabis was on young people's cognition. (healthline.com)
  • The study authors reported that teens who used cannabis more often than others had cognitive function changes that appeared "to be more pronounced than those observed for alcohol. (healthline.com)
  • This study presents stronger evidence that alcohol and cannabis both affect the teen brain by impacting memory and executive functioning," said Ramo. (healthline.com)
  • It is well known that tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis use during pregnancy are associated with poor birth outcomes, yet many women continue to use these substances during pregnancy. (news-medical.net)
  • Cannabis was often used as a legal intoxicant since alcohol was illegal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Privateer Holdings, a private equity firm that invests only in legal medical and recreational cannabis markets, has already raised over 50 millions dollars from investors, effectively bringing cannabis to Wall Street (Photo by Gilles Mingasson/Getty Images). (forbes.com)
  • Adults who used cannabis were significantly more likely to use nonmedical prescription opioids, according to recent findings. (healio.com)
  • However, cannabis users were significantly more likely than control participants to have false memories, evidenced either by their falsely recognizing a new word as previously encountered, at 12 ± 6 vs 8 ± 4 ( P = .033), or by being less likely to reject a new word, at 27 ± 6 vs 32 ± 4 ( P = .021). (medscape.com)
  • We have actually written data by Assyrians in the Middle East that they used cannabis for neurological diseases 3,000 years ago. (abc.net.au)
  • Scientists are in a battle to learn what kinds of pests and diseases pose a risk to cannabis and how to beat them. (vancouversun.com)
  • Formerly banned cannabis and the condemning of doctors who use it is currently recognized as beneficial in some diseases and doctors have the right to prescribe it in proven indications. (bmj.com)
  • Medical cannabis fights a surprising number of diseases and disorders, including epilepsy , eating disorders , mesothelioma and even many types of cancers . (care2.com)
  • CHIANG MAI: The first clinic to offer both traditional and modern cannabis-based treatments for diseases, such as Parkinson's, has opened its doors in this northern province. (bangkokpost.com)