Dogs: The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)Dog Diseases: Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Distemper Virus, Canine: A species of MORBILLIVIRUS causing distemper in dogs, wolves, foxes, raccoons, and ferrets. Pinnipeds have also been known to contract Canine distemper virus from contact with domestic dogs.Parvovirus, Canine: A species of the genus PARVOVIRUS and a host range variant of FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA VIRUS. It causes a highly infectious fulminating ENTERITIS in dogs producing high mortality. It is distinct from CANINE MINUTE VIRUS, a species in the genus BOCAVIRUS. This virus can also infect cats and mink.Cuspid: The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)Coronavirus, Canine: A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting dogs. Onset of symptoms is usually sudden and includes vomiting, diarrhea, and dehydration.Distemper: A name for several highly contagious viral diseases of animals, especially canine distemper. In dogs, it is caused by the canine distemper virus (DISTEMPER VIRUS, CANINE). It is characterized by a diphasic fever, leukopenia, gastrointestinal and respiratory inflammation and sometimes, neurologic complications. In cats it is known as FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA.Hip Dysplasia, Canine: A hereditary disease of the hip joints in dogs. Signs of the disease may be evident any time after 4 weeks of age.Raccoon Dogs: The lone species in the genus Nyctereutes, family CANIDAE. It is found in the woodland zone from southeastern Siberia to Vietnam and on the main islands of Japan.Leishmania infantum: A parasitic hemoflagellate of the subgenus Leishmania leishmania that infects man and animals and causes visceral leishmaniasis (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL). Human infections are confined almost entirely to children. This parasite is commonly seen in dogs, other Canidae, and porcupines with humans considered only an accidental host. Transmission is by Phlebotomus sandflies.Tooth Eruption, Ectopic: An abnormality in the direction of a TOOTH ERUPTION.Tooth, Impacted: A tooth that is prevented from erupting by a physical barrier, usually other teeth. Impaction may also result from orientation of the tooth in an other than vertical position in the periodontal structures.Cat Diseases: Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.Mammary Neoplasms, Animal: Tumors or cancer of the MAMMARY GLAND in animals (MAMMARY GLANDS, ANIMAL).Maxilla: One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.Tooth, Unerupted: A normal developing tooth which has not yet perforated the oral mucosa or one that fails to erupt in the normal sequence or time interval expected for the type of tooth in a given gender, age, or population group.Venereal Tumors, Veterinary: Tumors most commonly seen on or near the genitalia. They are venereal, most likely transmitted through transplantation of cells by contact. Metastases have been reported. Spontaneous regression may occur.Cats: The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)Disease Models, Animal: Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.Hepatitis, Infectious Canine: A contagious disease caused by canine adenovirus (ADENOVIRUSES, CANINE) infecting the LIVER, the EYE, the KIDNEY, and other organs in dogs, other canids, and bears. Symptoms include FEVER; EDEMA; VOMITING; and DIARRHEA.Bites and StingsKidney: Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.Dirofilariasis: Infection with nematodes of the genus DIROFILARIA, usually in animals, especially dogs, but occasionally in man.Herpesvirus 1, Canid: A species of VARICELLOVIRUS virus that causes a disease in newborn puppies.Dirofilaria immitis: A filarial parasite primarily of dogs but occurring also in foxes, wolves, and humans. The parasite is transmitted by mosquitoes.Leishmaniasis, Visceral: A chronic disease caused by LEISHMANIA DONOVANI and transmitted by the bite of several sandflies of the genera Phlebotomus and Lutzomyia. It is commonly characterized by fever, chills, vomiting, anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, leukopenia, hypergammaglobulinemia, emaciation, and an earth-gray color of the skin. The disease is classified into three main types according to geographic distribution: Indian, Mediterranean (or infantile), and African.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Bonding, Human-Pet: The emotional attachment of individuals to PETS.Coronary Circulation: The circulation of blood through the CORONARY VESSELS of the HEART.Pets: Animals kept by humans for companionship and enjoyment, as opposed to DOMESTIC ANIMALS such as livestock or farm animals, which are kept for economic reasons.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Heart: The hollow, muscular organ that maintains the circulation of the blood.Heart Conduction System: An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.Hemodynamics: The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Madin Darby Canine Kidney Cells: An epithelial cell line derived from a kidney of a normal adult female dog.Wolves: Any of several large carnivorous mammals of the family CANIDAE that usually hunt in packs.Rabies: Acute VIRAL CNS INFECTION affecting mammals, including humans. It is caused by RABIES VIRUS and usually spread by contamination with virus-laden saliva of bites inflicted by rabid animals. Important animal vectors include the dog, cat, bat, fox, raccoon, skunk, and wolf.Heart Rate: The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.Animals, Domestic: Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.Cardiac Pacing, Artificial: Regulation of the rate of contraction of the heart muscles by an artificial pacemaker.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Ventricular Function: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the HEART VENTRICLES.Parvoviridae Infections: Virus infections caused by the PARVOVIRIDAE.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Ehrlichia canis: Species of gram-negative bacteria in the family ANAPLASMATACEAE, causing EHRLICHIOSIS in DOGS. The most common vector is the brown dog tick. It can also cause disease in humans.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Coronary Vessels: The veins and arteries of the HEART.Heart Ventricles: The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.Immunohistochemistry: Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.Heart Atria: The chambers of the heart, to which the BLOOD returns from the circulation.Incisor: Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)Models, Animal: Non-human animals, selected because of specific characteristics, for use in experimental research, teaching, or testing.Pericardium: A conical fibro-serous sac surrounding the HEART and the roots of the great vessels (AORTA; VENAE CAVAE; PULMONARY ARTERY). Pericardium consists of two sacs: the outer fibrous pericardium and the inner serous pericardium. The latter consists of an outer parietal layer facing the fibrous pericardium, and an inner visceral layer (epicardium) resting next to the heart, and a pericardial cavity between these two layers.Odontometry: Measurement of tooth characteristics.Radiography, Panoramic: Extraoral body-section radiography depicting an entire maxilla, or both maxilla and mandible, on a single film.Tooth Movement: Orthodontic techniques used to correct the malposition of a single tooth.Histiocytic Sarcoma: Malignant neoplasms composed of MACROPHAGES or DENDRITIC CELLS. Most histiocytic sarcomas present as localized tumor masses without a leukemic phase. Though the biological behavior of these neoplasms resemble lymphomas, their cell lineage is histiocytic not lymphoid.Dental Arch: The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.Zoonoses: Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.Endocardium: The innermost layer of the heart, comprised of endothelial cells.Foxes: Any of several carnivores in the family CANIDAE, that possess erect ears and long bushy tails and are smaller than WOLVES. They are classified in several genera and found on all continents except Antarctica.Cross Circulation: The circulation in a portion of the body of one individual of blood supplied from another individual.Mastocytoma: A solid tumor consisting of a dense infiltration of MAST CELLS. It is generally benign.Amino Acid Sequence: The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.Tooth Eruption: The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Ehrlichiosis: A tick-borne disease characterized by FEVER; HEADACHE; myalgias; ANOREXIA; and occasionally RASH. It is caused by several bacterial species and can produce disease in DOGS; CATTLE; SHEEP; GOATS; HORSES; and humans. The primary species causing human disease are EHRLICHIA CHAFFEENSIS; ANAPLASMA PHAGOCYTOPHILUM; and Ehrlichia ewingii.Influenza A Virus, H3N8 Subtype: A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 3 and neuraminidase 8. The H3N8 subtype has frequently been found in horses.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Action Potentials: Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.Polymerase Chain Reaction: In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.Halothane: A nonflammable, halogenated, hydrocarbon anesthetic that provides relatively rapid induction with little or no excitement. Analgesia may not be adequate. NITROUS OXIDE is often given concomitantly. Because halothane may not produce sufficient muscle relaxation, supplemental neuromuscular blocking agents may be required. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p178)Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Vascular Resistance: The force that opposes the flow of BLOOD through a vascular bed. It is equal to the difference in BLOOD PRESSURE across the vascular bed divided by the CARDIAC OUTPUT.Tooth Crown: The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)Perfusion: Treatment process involving the injection of fluid into an organ or tissue.Norepinephrine: Precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and is a widespread central and autonomic neurotransmitter. Norepinephrine is the principal transmitter of most postganglionic sympathetic fibers and of the diffuse projection system in the brain arising from the locus ceruleus. It is also found in plants and is used pharmacologically as a sympathomimetic.Parasitic Diseases, Animal: Infections or infestations with parasitic organisms. The infestation may be experimental or veterinary.Parvoviridae: A family of very small DNA viruses containing a single molecule of single-stranded DNA and consisting of two subfamilies: PARVOVIRINAE and DENSOVIRINAE. They infect both vertebrates and invertebrates.Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Carnivora: An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.Rabies Vaccines: Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent and treat RABIES. The inactivated virus vaccine is used for preexposure immunization to persons at high risk of exposure, and in conjunction with rabies immunoglobulin, for postexposure prophylaxis.Vagus Nerve: The 10th cranial nerve. The vagus is a mixed nerve which contains somatic afferents (from skin in back of the ear and the external auditory meatus), visceral afferents (from the pharynx, larynx, thorax, and abdomen), parasympathetic efferents (to the thorax and abdomen), and efferents to striated muscle (of the larynx and pharynx).Brucella canis: A species of gram-negative bacteria infecting DOGS, the natural hosts, and causing canine BRUCELLOSIS. It can also cause a mild infection in humans.Propranolol: A widely used non-cardioselective beta-adrenergic antagonist. Propranolol has been used for MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; ARRHYTHMIA; ANGINA PECTORIS; HYPERTENSION; HYPERTHYROIDISM; MIGRAINE; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; and ANXIETY but adverse effects instigate replacement by newer drugs.Otitis Externa: Inflammation of the OUTER EAR including the external EAR CANAL, cartilages of the auricle (EAR CARTILAGE), and the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.Anesthesia: A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.Babesia: A genus of tick-borne protozoan parasites that infests the red blood cells of mammals, including humans. There are many recognized species, and the distribution is world-wide.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Atropine: An alkaloid, originally from Atropa belladonna, but found in other plants, mainly SOLANACEAE. Hyoscyamine is the 3(S)-endo isomer of atropine.Electrocardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.Ehrlichia: Small, often pleomorphic, coccoid to ellipsoidal organisms occurring intracytoplasmically in circulating LYMPHOCYTES. They are the etiologic agents of tick-borne diseases of humans; DOGS; CATTLE; SHEEP; GOATS; and HORSES.Refractory Period, Electrophysiological: The period of time following the triggering of an ACTION POTENTIAL when the CELL MEMBRANE has changed to an unexcitable state and is gradually restored to the resting (excitable) state. During the absolute refractory period no other stimulus can trigger a response. This is followed by the relative refractory period during which the cell gradually becomes more excitable and the stronger impulse that is required to illicit a response gradually lessens to that required during the resting state.Muscle Contraction: A process leading to shortening and/or development of tension in muscle tissue. Muscle contraction occurs by a sliding filament mechanism whereby actin filaments slide inward among the myosin filaments.Histocytochemistry: Study of intracellular distribution of chemicals, reaction sites, enzymes, etc., by means of staining reactions, radioactive isotope uptake, selective metal distribution in electron microscopy, or other methods.Anal Gland Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the anal gland.Tick Infestations: Infestations with soft-bodied (Argasidae) or hard-bodied (Ixodidae) ticks.Sequence Analysis, DNA: A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.Raccoons: Carnivores of the genus Procyon of the family PROCYONIDAE. Two subgenera and seven species are currently recognized. They range from southern Canada to Panama and are found in several of the Caribbean Islands.Bicuspid: One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)Cardiac Output: The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).Radiation Hybrid Mapping: A method for ordering genetic loci along CHROMOSOMES. The method involves fusing irradiated donor cells with host cells from another species. Following cell fusion, fragments of DNA from the irradiated cells become integrated into the chromosomes of the host cells. Molecular probing of DNA obtained from the fused cells is used to determine if two or more genetic loci are located within the same fragment of donor cell DNA.Trachea: The cartilaginous and membranous tube descending from the larynx and branching into the right and left main bronchi.Basilar Artery: The artery formed by the union of the right and left vertebral arteries; it runs from the lower to the upper border of the pons, where it bifurcates into the two posterior cerebral arteries.Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Anti-Arrhythmia Agents: Agents used for the treatment or prevention of cardiac arrhythmias. They may affect the polarization-repolarization phase of the action potential, its excitability or refractoriness, or impulse conduction or membrane responsiveness within cardiac fibers. Anti-arrhythmia agents are often classed into four main groups according to their mechanism of action: sodium channel blockade, beta-adrenergic blockade, repolarization prolongation, or calcium channel blockade.Babesiosis: A group of tick-borne diseases of mammals including ZOONOSES in humans. They are caused by protozoa of the genus BABESIA, which parasitize erythrocytes, producing hemolysis. In the U.S., the organism's natural host is mice and transmission is by the deer tick IXODES SCAPULARIS.Canidae: A family of terrestrial carnivores with long snouts and non-retractable claws. Members include COYOTES; DOGS; FOXES; JACKALS; RACCOON DOGS; and WOLVES.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Radiographic Magnification: Use of optic and geometric techniques to enhance radiographic image quality and interpretation. It includes use of microfocal X-ray tubes and intensifying fluoroscopic screens.Regional Blood Flow: The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.Dirofilaria: A genus of filarial nematodes. Various immature species have been found to infect the eyes or subcutaneous tissue in humans.Osteosarcoma: A sarcoma originating in bone-forming cells, affecting the ends of long bones. It is the most common and most malignant of sarcomas of the bones, and occurs chiefly among 10- to 25-year-old youths. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Leishmaniasis: A disease caused by any of a number of species of protozoa in the genus LEISHMANIA. There are four major clinical types of this infection: cutaneous (Old and New World) (LEISHMANIASIS, CUTANEOUS), diffuse cutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, DIFFUSE CUTANEOUS), mucocutaneous (LEISHMANIASIS, MUCOCUTANEOUS), and visceral (LEISHMANIASIS, VISCERAL).Muscle, Smooth: Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Arrhythmias, Cardiac: Any disturbances of the normal rhythmic beating of the heart or MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION. Cardiac arrhythmias can be classified by the abnormalities in HEART RATE, disorders of electrical impulse generation, or impulse conduction.Sinoatrial Node: The small mass of modified cardiac muscle fibers located at the junction of the superior vena cava (VENA CAVA, SUPERIOR) and right atrium. Contraction impulses probably start in this node, spread over the atrium (HEART ATRIUM) and are then transmitted by the atrioventricular bundle (BUNDLE OF HIS) to the ventricle (HEART VENTRICLE).Injections, Intravenous: Injections made into a vein for therapeutic or experimental purposes.Sertoli Cell Tumor: Gonadal neoplasm composed entirely of SERTOLI CELLS or may have a component of GRANULOSA CELLS. Some of the Sertoli cell tumors produce ESTROGEN or ANDROGENS, but seldom in sufficient quantity to cause clinical symptoms such as FEMINIZATION or masculinization (VIRILISM).Intercostal Muscles: Respiratory muscles that arise from the lower border of one rib and insert into the upper border of the adjoining rib, and contract during inspiration or respiration. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Sodium: A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.Electrophysiology: The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Tooth Root: The part of a tooth from the neck to the apex, embedded in the alveolar process and covered with cementum. A root may be single or divided into several branches, usually identified by their relative position, e.g., lingual root or buccal root. Single-rooted teeth include mandibular first and second premolars and the maxillary second premolar teeth. The maxillary first premolar has two roots in most cases. Maxillary molars have three roots. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p690)Tachycardia: Abnormally rapid heartbeat, usually with a HEART RATE above 100 beats per minute for adults. Tachycardia accompanied by disturbance in the cardiac depolarization (cardiac arrhythmia) is called tachyarrhythmia.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Stellate Ganglion: A paravertebral sympathetic ganglion formed by the fusion of the inferior cervical and first thoracic ganglia.Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Myocardial Contraction: Contractile activity of the MYOCARDIUM.Rhipicephalus sanguineus: A species of tick (TICKS) in the family IXODIDAE, distributed throughout the world but abundant in southern Europe. It will feed on a wide variety of MAMMALS, but DOGS are its preferred host. It transmits a large number of diseases including BABESIOSIS; THEILERIASIS; EHRLICHIOSIS; and MEDITERRANEAN SPOTTED FEVER.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Vasoconstriction: The physiological narrowing of BLOOD VESSELS by contraction of the VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.Orthodontics, Interceptive: Recognition and elimination of potential irregularities and malpositions in the developing dentofacial complex.Acetylcholine: A neurotransmitter found at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system.Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay: An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.Dentition, Permanent: The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Pressure: A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Lameness, Animal: A departure from the normal gait in animals.Models, Cardiovascular: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.Anal Sacs: A pair of anal glands or sacs, located on either side of the ANUS, that produce and store a dark, foul-smelling fluid in carnivorous animals such as MEPHITIDAE and DOGS. The expelled fluid is used as a defensive repellent (in skunks) or a material to mark territory (in dogs).Mucopolysaccharidosis I: Systemic lysosomal storage disease caused by a deficiency of alpha-L-iduronidase (IDURONIDASE) and characterized by progressive physical deterioration with urinary excretion of DERMATAN SULFATE and HEPARAN SULFATE. There are three recognized phenotypes representing a spectrum of clinical severity from severe to mild: Hurler syndrome, Hurler-Scheie syndrome and Scheie syndrome (formerly mucopolysaccharidosis V). Symptoms may include DWARFISM; hepatosplenomegaly; thick, coarse facial features with low nasal bridge; corneal clouding; cardiac complications; and noisy breathing.Flea Infestations: Parasitic attack by members of the order SIPHONAPTERA.Thelazioidea: A superfamily of parasitic nematodes which includes three genera: Thelazia, Spirocerca, and GNATHOSTOMA. Only Thelazia and GNATHOSTOMA occasionally occur in man.Epithelial Cells: Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (EPITHELIUM) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the SKIN; the MOUTH; the NOSE; and the ANAL CANAL derive from ectoderm; those lining the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM and the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM derive from endoderm; others (CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM and LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.Dental Models: Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.Cloning, Molecular: The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.Hemangiosarcoma: A rare malignant neoplasm characterized by rapidly proliferating, extensively infiltrating, anaplastic cells derived from blood vessels and lining irregular blood-filled or lumpy spaces. (Stedman, 25th ed)Palate: The structure that forms the roof of the mouth. It consists of the anterior hard palate (PALATE, HARD) and the posterior soft palate (PALATE, SOFT).Consciousness: Sense of awareness of self and of the environment.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Cell Polarity: Orientation of intracellular structures especially with respect to the apical and basolateral domains of the plasma membrane. Polarized cells must direct proteins from the Golgi apparatus to the appropriate domain since tight junctions prevent proteins from diffusing between the two domains.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Seroepidemiologic Studies: EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.Pulmonary Circulation: The circulation of the BLOOD through the LUNGS.Microspheres: Small uniformly-sized spherical particles, of micrometer dimensions, frequently labeled with radioisotopes or various reagents acting as tags or markers.Stomach: An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.Stifle: In horses, cattle, and other quadrupeds, the joint between the femur and the tibia, corresponding to the human knee.Tooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Heart Block: Impaired conduction of cardiac impulse that can occur anywhere along the conduction pathway, such as between the SINOATRIAL NODE and the right atrium (SA block) or between atria and ventricles (AV block). Heart blocks can be classified by the duration, frequency, or completeness of conduction block. Reversibility depends on the degree of structural or functional defects.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Vasodilator Agents: Drugs used to cause dilation of the blood vessels.Feline Panleukopenia: A highly contagious DNA virus infection of the cat family, characterized by fever, enteritis and bone marrow changes. It is also called feline ataxia, feline agranulocytosis, feline infectious enteritis, cat fever, cat plague, and show fever. It is caused by FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA VIRUS or the closely related MINK ENTERITIS VIRUS or CANINE PARVOVIRUS.DNA Primers: Short sequences (generally about 10 base pairs) of DNA that are complementary to sequences of messenger RNA and allow reverse transcriptases to start copying the adjacent sequences of mRNA. Primers are used extensively in genetic and molecular biology techniques.Angiostrongylus: A genus of parasitic nematodes of the superfamily METASTRONGYLOIDEA. Two species, ANGIOSTRONGYLUS CANTONENSIS and A. vasorum, infest the lungs of rats and dogs, respectively. A. cantonensis is transmissible to man where it causes frequently fatal infection of the central nervous system.Atrial Function: The hemodynamic and electrophysiological action of the HEART ATRIA.Rabies virus: The type species of LYSSAVIRUS causing rabies in humans and other animals. Transmission is mostly by animal bites through saliva. The virus is neurotropic multiplying in neurons and myotubes of vertebrates.Oxygen Consumption: The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)Root Resorption: Resorption in which cementum or dentin is lost from the root of a tooth owing to cementoclastic or osteoclastic activity in conditions such as trauma of occlusion or neoplasms. (Dorland, 27th ed)Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction: A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.Recombinant Proteins: Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.Vagotomy: The interruption or removal of any part of the vagus (10th cranial) nerve. Vagotomy may be performed for research or for therapeutic purposes.Orthodontic Wires: Wires of various dimensions and grades made of stainless steel or precious metal. They are used in orthodontic treatment.Administration, Oral: The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.Gangliosidosis, GM1: An autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder caused by the absence or deficiency of BETA-GALACTOSIDASE. It is characterized by intralysosomal accumulation of G(M1) GANGLIOSIDE and oligosaccharides, primarily in neurons of the central nervous system. The infantile form is characterized by MUSCLE HYPOTONIA, poor psychomotor development, HIRSUTISM, hepatosplenomegaly, and facial abnormalities. The juvenile form features HYPERACUSIS; SEIZURES; and psychomotor retardation. The adult form features progressive DEMENTIA; ATAXIA; and MUSCLE SPASTICITY. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp96-7)Dentition, Mixed: The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Vasodilation: The physiological widening of BLOOD VESSELS by relaxing the underlying VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE.Lung: Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.Malocclusion: Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Adenosine: A nucleoside that is composed of ADENINE and D-RIBOSE. Adenosine or adenosine derivatives play many important biological roles in addition to being components of DNA and RNA. Adenosine itself is a neurotransmitter.Epithelium: One or more layers of EPITHELIAL CELLS, supported by the basal lamina, which covers the inner or outer surfaces of the body.Isoflurane: A stable, non-explosive inhalation anesthetic, relatively free from significant side effects.DNA, Complementary: Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.Pancreas: A nodular organ in the ABDOMEN that contains a mixture of ENDOCRINE GLANDS and EXOCRINE GLANDS. The small endocrine portion consists of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS secreting a number of hormones into the blood stream. The large exocrine portion (EXOCRINE PANCREAS) is a compound acinar gland that secretes several digestive enzymes into the pancreatic ductal system that empties into the DUODENUM.Ventricular Fibrillation: A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.Antibodies, Protozoan: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to PROTOZOAN ANTIGENS.Myocardial Ischemia: A disorder of cardiac function caused by insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. The decreased blood flow may be due to narrowing of the coronary arteries (CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE), to obstruction by a thrombus (CORONARY THROMBOSIS), or less commonly, to diffuse narrowing of arterioles and other small vessels within the heart. Severe interruption of the blood supply to the myocardial tissue may result in necrosis of cardiac muscle (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists: Drugs that bind to but do not activate alpha-adrenergic receptors thereby blocking the actions of endogenous or exogenous adrenergic agonists. Adrenergic alpha-antagonists are used in the treatment of hypertension, vasospasm, peripheral vascular disease, shock, and pheochromocytoma.Myocardial Reperfusion: Generally, restoration of blood supply to heart tissue which is ischemic due to decrease in normal blood supply. The decrease may result from any source including atherosclerotic obstruction, narrowing of the artery, or surgical clamping. Reperfusion can be induced to treat ischemia. Methods include chemical dissolution of an occluding thrombus, administration of vasodilator drugs, angioplasty, catheterization, and artery bypass graft surgery. However, it is thought that reperfusion can itself further damage the ischemic tissue, causing MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.Fluorescent Antibody Technique: Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Verapamil: A calcium channel blocker that is a class IV anti-arrhythmia agent.Pressoreceptors: Receptors in the vascular system, particularly the aorta and carotid sinus, which are sensitive to stretch of the vessel walls.Injections, Intra-Arterial: Delivery of drugs into an artery.Sympathetic Nervous System: The thoracolumbar division of the autonomic nervous system. Sympathetic preganglionic fibers originate in neurons of the intermediolateral column of the spinal cord and project to the paravertebral and prevertebral ganglia, which in turn project to target organs. The sympathetic nervous system mediates the body's response to stressful situations, i.e., the fight or flight reactions. It often acts reciprocally to the parasympathetic system.Hindlimb: Either of two extremities of four-footed non-primate land animals. It usually consists of a FEMUR; TIBIA; and FIBULA; tarsals; METATARSALS; and TOES. (From Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p73)
The use of a dog ensures that a higher percentage of the birds shot end up on the table. A disadvantage of having dogs in the ... The use of a dog provides a number of advantages. As duck hunting often takes place in cold wet locations, the use of a dog ... It is recommended that wildfowlers always shoot with a dog, or someone with a dog, to retrieve shot birds on difficult ... Dogs. A duck hunter with two mallards and one redhead. A Labrador Retriever and duck decoys are visible in the background ...
Mostly articles on dogs, but relevant to other species. Cerebellar abiotrophy in cats. *. Barone G, Foureman P, deLahunta ... In some dog breeds, symptoms appear to progressively worsen, but research is not consistent on this point. There also is some ... Dogs. Cerebellar abiotrophy has been seen in the Australian Kelpie, Gordon Setter, Border Collie, Labrador Retriever, ... In addition to dogs and horses, there also have been cases of cerebellar abiotrophy in Siamese and Domestic shorthair cats; in ...
Pointer (dog breed)
Fergus, Charles (2002). Gun Dog Breeds, A Guide to Spaniels, Retrievers, and Pointing Dogs. The Lyons Press. ISBN 1-58574-618-5 ... Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris). The Pointer, often called the English Pointer, is a medium to large-sized breed of dog, ... One of the earliest dogs to exert influence on the breed in the US was a dog imported from England in 1876 - "Sensation". He is ... Nociceptive loss and acral mutilation in pointer dogs: Canine hereditary sensory neuropathy". The American Journal of Pathology ...
Individual dogs. *American medical biography stubs. *Dog stubs. Hidden categories: *Articles needing additional references from ... This dog-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.. *v ... Anna the dog was the first survivor of pulmonary bypass surgery, considered an experimental procedure at the time. ... "Anna" dog - news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (December 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) ...
"The Behavioural Biology of Dogs". 2007. p. 179 *^ Hawks, John (2013). Significance of Neandertal and Denisovan Genomes in Human ... "Canine Behavioral Genetics: Pointing Out the Phenotypes and Herding up the Genes". 2008. doi: 10.1016/j.ajhg.2007.12.001 PMID ... Dogs. In 2013, a study found that mixed breeds live on average 1.2 years longer than pure breeds. ... Other characteristics, such as basal heart rate, did not show any heterosis-the dog's basal heart rate was close to the average ...
Rabies in animals
Dogs. An image from 1566 depicting a group of men using an assortment of weapons to try and kill a rabid dog who is ... It is this stage that is often known as furious rabies due to the tendency of the affected dog to be hyperreactive to external ... In recent years, canine rabies has been practically eliminated in North America and Europe due to extensive and often mandatory ... Rabies has a long history of association with dogs. The first written record of rabies is in the Codex of Eshnunna (ca. 1930 BC ...
Sun dogs. Very bright sundogs in Fargo, North Dakota. Note the halo arcs passing through each sun dog. ... Main article: Sun dogs. Sun dogs are a common type of halo, with the appearance of two subtly-colored bright spots to the left ... Sun dogs are red-colored at the side nearest the sun. Farther out the colors grade to blue or violet. However, the colors ... Halos, afterglows, coronas, and sun dogs. These are from scattering, or refraction, by ice crystals and from other particles in ...
... which is a line of dog food as well as dog and cat hard goods. Authority is a premium dog and cat food line that PetSmart ... Rather than selling dogs, cats, rabbits, and other larger animals in the store, PetSmart donates space to local rescue groups. ... and Puerto Rico that is engaged in the sale of pet animal products and services such as dog grooming and dog training, cat and ... Dog products. PetSmart owns several brands that produce a variety of products including Grreat Choice (previously Award) ...
Dog burials. There were 21 dog burials, 17 of which were well preserved. The graves of dogs were given the same attention ... "Archaic Rituals: Rebalancing with Dogs". Academia. Retrieved November 16, 2012.. *^ a b c Claassen, Cheryl (1996). A ... 155 The dogs within human burials were associated with women and children, as much as with men. These dogs were apparently ... The only double dog and face down human burial occurs with a female child about the age of five.:5 Claassen also suggest ...
Domestic dogs. Main article: Dog attack. Although dogs have many of the characteristics of animals known to be man-eaters ... reportedly set dogs upon live prisoners in Nazi concentration camps with the dogs killing the victims and partially devouring ... As with dogs, predatory intent is not necessary; territorial disputes and protection of cubs can result in death by bear attack ... Predatory acts by dogs upon humans have occurred, however, and many such incidents were the result of human misconduct. During ...
Dogs. See also: Dog intelligence. Dogs were previously listed as non-self-aware animals. Traditionally, self- ... "Dogs Show Signs of Self-Consciousness in New 'Sniff Test'". ScienceAlert.. *^ Coren, Stanley (2008). How Dogs Think. Simon and ... "Dogs have self-awareness. It was confirmed by STSR tests". en.tsu.ru. Tomsk State University. Retrieved 8 July 2018.. ... But dogs and many other animals, are not (as) visually oriented. A 2015 study claims that the "sniff test of self- ...
Dogs are also trained for many other activities, such as dog sports, service dogs, and working dog tasks. ... Victoria Stilwell, dog trainer, author and television presenter.. *Steve Austin dog trainer (particularly detection dogs), and ... Cesar Millan, dog trainer featured in the Dog Whisperer with Cesar Millan television series. ... It may also be vocal, such as saying "bad dog". Bridges to positive reinforcement, include vocal cues, whistling, and dog ...
At the annual USPCA Police Dog Field Trials-the largest competition of police dogs in the United States-Lakeland police dog " ... United States Police Canine Association.. *^ "2013 National Patrol Dog Field Trials" (PDF). United States Police Canine ... Police canine unit. The Lakeland Police Department is recognized as having one of the best-trained canine units in the ... "National 2011 USPCA Police Dog Field Trials" (PDF). United States Police Canine Association.. ...
"Stray dogs maul over 3 dozen". Greater Kashmir. 12 May 2012.. *^ "Literacy in India". 2011 census of India. Retrieved 6 ... Stray dog controversy. Srinagar's city government attracted brief international attention in March 2008 when it announced a ... "Indian authorities to poison 100K stray dogs - World news - South and Central Asia - NBC News". msnbc.com.. ... In a survey conducted by an NGO, it was found that some residents welcomed this program, saying the city was overrun by dogs, ...
Black-tailed prairie dog
"Prairie Dogs , National Geographic". 2010-11-11. Retrieved 2018-06-13.. *^ a b c d e f Davidson, Ana D.; Lightfoot, David C. ( ... Black-tailed prairie dog range The black-tailed prairie dog (Cynomys ludovicianus), is a rodent of the family Sciuridae ... Black-tailed prairie dogs were the most common prairie dog species collected in the wild for sale as exotic pets, until this ... Unlike some other prairie dogs, these animals do not truly hibernate. The black-tailed prairie dog can be seen above ground in ...
Dogs and cats. Uncontrolled dogs or feral cats can have sudden and severe impacts on penguin colonies (more than the ... The threat of dog and cat attack is ongoing at many colonies and reports of dog attacks on penguins date back to the mid 20th ... Management strategies to mitigate the risk of domestic and feral dog and cats attack include establishing dog-free zones near ... A dog or cat attack was presumed to be the cause of death. A similar event also occurred in 2010. ...
Skabelund, Aaron Herald (2011). Empire of Dogs: Canines, Japan, and the Making of the Modern Imperial World (A Study of the ... Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris). The Akita (秋田犬, Akita-inu, Japanese pronunciation: [akʲita.inɯ]) is a large breed of dog ... Akita Alumni Dog Club. Retrieved 19 April 2011.. *^ Bell, Jerold S. "Risk Factors for Canine Bloat" (website). malamute health ... Today, the breed is used primarily as a companion dog. However, the breed is currently also known to be used as therapy dogs,[ ...
Dogs. In dogs, xylitol (in amounts greater than 100 mg/kg of body weight) generates a rapid, dose-dependent insulin ... Dunayer, Eric K. (2004). "Hypoglycemia following canine ingestion of xylitol-containing gum". Veterinary and Human Toxicology. ... and seizures in dogs as quickly as 30 minutes following ingestion. Intake of doses of xylitol greater than 500 to 1000 mg ... "Acute hepatic failure and coagulopathy associated with xylitol ingestion in eight dogs". Journal of the American Veterinary ...
St. John's water dog
These dogs were crossbred with other dogs to create the retrievers. Several early descriptions of the St. John's water dog ... Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris). The St. John's water dog, also known as the St. John's dog or the lesser Newfoundland, ... John's water dog. The last two known St. John's water dogs were photographed in the early 1980s (in old age) having survived in ... John's water dog. "A thin, short-haired, black dog came off-shore to us to-day. The animal was of a breed very different from ...
Canine degenerative myelopathy
The dog begins to realize it is ill during the late stages. Some dogs have even appeared to be combating the disease on their ... A 2-wheel dog cart, or "dog wheelchair" can allow the dog to remain active and maintain its quality of life once signs of ... 2014). "Neuronal Loss and Decreased GLT-1 Expression Observed in the Spinal Cord of Pembroke Welsh Corgi Dogs With Canine ... A thorough examination of the dog's pedigree and DNA testing should be undertaken prior to breeding a dog with this result. ...
Remote control animal
Dogs. Dogs are often used in disaster relief, at crime scenes and on the battlefield, but it's not always easy for them ... Some professional dog trainers and their organizations oppose their use and some support them. Support for their use or calls ... The command module delivers vibration or sound commands (delivered by the handler over the radio) to the dog to guide it in a ... Shock collars deliver electrical shocks of varying intensity and duration to the neck or other area of a dog's body via a radio ...
my Mad Dog membership card says "to" mankind *^ a b Austin History Center Transfers Bud Shrake Papers to Southwestern Writers ... Mad Dogs Shrake and Cartwright often subjected unsuspecting strangers to the antics of the Flying Punzars, an alleged circus ... Mad Dog Inc.. During the 60s and 70s, Shrake, Jenkins, Cartwright (who would go on to write for Texas Monthly), Billy Lee ... Other Mad Dog antics included games of "naked bridge" at Dan and June Jenkins' house in Fort Worth; a pissing contest between ...
Dog barking can be a nuisance to neighbours, and is a common problem that dog owners or their neighbours may face. Many dogs ... Nuisance-barking dogs sound off for no particular reason. "Many dogs bark when they hear other dogs barking," says Katherine A ... She suggests signalling back to show the dog that the dog's attempts to communicate have been acknowledge and to calm a dog ... Basque - au au; txau txau (small dogs); zaunk zaunk (large dogs); jau jau (old dogs) ...
"A dachshund is a half-dog high and a dog-and-a-half long," although they have been referred to as "two dogs long". This ... Teckel (BNL/FR/GER), Dackel (GER), Doxie (US), Weenie Dog (US) (S.Am.), Wiener Dog/Hotdog (US), Sausage Dog (UK/US/AUS/ZA), ... Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris). The dachshund (UK: /ˈdakshʊnd/ or US: /ˈdɑːkshʊnt/ DAHKS-huunt  or /ˈdɑːksənt/ ... English: badger dog; also known as the sausage dog or wiener dog) is a short-legged, long-bodied, hound-type dog breed. ...
Eating your own dog food
What Is The Work Of Dogs In This Country? (Joel Spolsky on Fogbugz's dogfooding, Joel On Software, 5 May 2001) ... Eating your own dog food, also called dogfooding, is a slang term used to refer to a situation in which an organization uses ... Note: Alpo is a brand of dog food. *^ "15927 - [BETA][DOGFOOD]No proxy authentication". bugzilla.mozilla.org. Retrieved 2017-02 ... "Microsoft tests its own 'dog food'". Tech News on ZDNet. Archived from the original on June 21, 2008. Retrieved 2009-11-14.. ...
The dog of tears. The dog of tears is a dog that joins the small group of blind when they leave the quarantine. While he ... is mostly loyal to the doctor's wife, he helps the whole group by protecting them all from packs of dogs who are becoming more ... He is called the dog of tears because he became attached to the group when he licked the tears off the face of the doctor's ...
Temple of the Dog. Main article: Temple of the Dog. The trio were attempting to form their own band when they were ... The band decided that it had enough material for an entire album and in April 1991 Temple of the Dog was released through A&M ... McCready was also a member of the side project bands Flight to Mars, Temple of the Dog, Mad Season and The Rockfords. He was ... Pearl Jam, Temple of the Dog, Mad Season, The Rockfords, Shadow '86, Flight to Mars, Levee Walkers, Walking Papers, M.A.C.C., ...
"Guide Dogs for the Blind Association. 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2013.. *^ "Guide Dog Breeding and Whelping". Dog Programs. Guide ... They were used in World War II as messenger dogs, rescue dogs and personal guard dogs. A number of these dogs were taken ... Coren, Stanley (1995). The Intelligence of Dogs: A Guide to the Thoughts, Emotions, and Inner Lives of our Canine Companions. ... Use as working dog. German Shepherds are a popular selection for use as working dogs. They are especially well known for ...
... s are often dominant with other dogs. As with any dog, poorly socialised individuals can start fights and early ... Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris). The Irish Terrier (Irish: Brocaire Rua) is a dog breed from Ireland, one of many breeds ... The wiry coat is fairly easy to groom, pet dogs (rather than show dogs) needing stripping only once or twice a year. ... 13 kg for a female dog and 15 for a male dog are acceptable. ... The Dublin dog show in 1873 was the first to provide a separate ...
The water deer have developed long canine teeth which protrude from the upper jaw like the canines of musk deer. The canines ... "Deer savages dogs - and no, this is not an April Fool joke". MailOnline. London: Daily Mail and General Trust. ... These canines are held loosely in their sockets, with their movement controlled by facial muscles. The buck can draw them ... Each would try to wound the other on the head, shoulders, or back, by stabbing or tearing with his upper canines. The fight is ...
... the dog / the (female) dog), pronouns "el / ela", (he / she) and adjectives "bonitiño / bonitiña" (pretty, beautiful) There is ... dogs. ladróns [laˈðɾoŋs]. ladrós [laˈðɾɔs]. ladrois [laˈðɾojs]. ladrões. ladrões. ladrones. latrones. robbers. ... that emerged from two ideologically disparate rewritings of gender markers into Galician of The Curious Incident of the Dog in ...
Evidence from canine DNA collected by Robert K. Wayne suggests that dogs may have been first domesticated in the late Middle ... "stalking the ancient dog" (PDF). Science news. Retrieved 2008-01-03.. *^ Felipe Fernandez Armesto (2003). Ideas that changed ... Early dogs were domesticated, sometime between 30,000 and 14,000 BP, presumably to aid in hunting. However, the earliest ... instances of successful domestication of dogs may be much more ancient than this. ...
"Dog hybrid" and "Hybrid dog" redirect here. For all-domestic dog crossbreeds, mongrels, and "designer dogs", see Dog crossbreed ... Coyote-dog hybridEdit. CoydogEdit. Main article: Coydog. Coydogs (the offspring of a male coyote and female dog) are naturally ... Other members of the wider dog family, the Canidae, such as South American canids, true foxes, bat-eared foxes, or raccoon dogs ... In some parts of Australia, up to 80% of dingoes are part domestic dog. Dingoes are distinguishable from domestic dogs through ...
Lista de episódios de Two and a Half Men - Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre
List of mammals of Poland
Are You There, Vodka? It's Me, Chelsea
They go to a party later and her Persian boyfriend holds that same dog in his arms the entire time. Later, they go to eat at ... After they have sex on their friends' bed, her boyfriend lies naked watching TV and one of the friends' dogs comes up and ... She later sees him with the same type of dog that licked his penis and a new girlfriend, and alludes to the penis licking ... Chelsea and her Persian boyfriend get stuck dog sitting for their friends. ...
Naturediet Sensitive Dog Food
Dogs naturally thrive on diets that are almost exclusively meat based, with very few carbohydrates. Naturediet menus reproduce ... Naturediet Sensitive Dog Food. Naturediet Sensitive Dog Food; a blend of salmon and prawns with vegetables and brown rice, free ... High quality dog food that uses only the finest ingredients and is made without artificial additives, preservatives and ... An excellent all round food for dogs of all breeds and ages. Cooked in the container to preserve all the nutrients & vitamins. ...
Canine PTSD | Psychology Today
If a dog has a dysfunctional or traumatic past, it may set him or her up for C-PTSD when confronted by some terrifying, life ... Canine PTSD. Psychological trauma can have far reaching negative effects in dogs Posted Oct 25, 2016 ... was a dog that was shot by a Boston policeman who thought the dog was attacking him. The dog nearly died but was skillfully ... Canine PTSD. Submitted by Jill on October 25, 2016 - 4:10pm I have a dog that I adopted after she was rescued from Hurricane ...
China - Dog and Fur Trade - YouTube
dog - Everything2.com
Dogs meat, meat fit only for dogs; refuse; offal. -- Dog Star. See in the Vocabulary. -- Dog wheat Bot., Dog grass. -- Dog ... a dog. It is also used to denote a male; as, dog fox or g-fox, a male fox; dog otter or dog-otter, dog wolf, etc.; -- also to ... Holy dog!. Dogs have frequently been used as guardians of holy places in our world. In China, a carved dog known as the foo dog ... Going to the dogs. Despite the dog heroes and dog soldiers of history, being called a dog is usually not considered to be a ...
One in four dogs 'suffering depression' - Telegraph
A quarter of Britains dogs are suffering from depression because of the stress of being left alone while their owners are at ... He explained: "Dogs have a very powerful link to humans. You can train a dog to do all sorts of things and understand our ... One in four dogs suffering depression. A quarter of Britains dogs are suffering from depression because of the stress of ... A spokesman for Home Alone Dogs, a documentary to be shown on Channel 4 later this year, told the Daily Mail: "For some dogs ...
The Karate Dog (TV Movie 2005) - IMDb
... he finds the only witness is his dog, Cho Cho. But Fowler soon discovers Cho Cho is the only dog in the world who can speak to ... They say not to lay down with sleeping dogs cause youll wake up with fleas and Ill never lay down to watch this movie again. ... The Karate Dog (2005) PG , 1h 24min , Action, Comedy, Crime , TV Movie 26 July 2006 ... he finds the only witness is his dog, Cho Cho. But Fowler soon discovers Cho Cho is the only dog in the world who can speak to ...
Dog Oral Health and Care | Petfinder
Learn how to keep your dogs teeth clean here. ... Good dental hygiene may prolong your dogs life, because ... The following is an excerpt from Petfinder.coms The Adopted Dog Bible. The good news is that cavities are rare in dogs. The ... Use toothpaste made for dogs - toothpaste for people can make your dog sick if he swallows it - and apply it with a brush ... The more you can do to remove plaque and tartar from your dogs teeth between veterinary visits, the less frequently your dog ...
Read about living life to the fullest with your dog from the lifestyle experts at American Kennel Club. ... Your dog influences your lifestyle in more ways than one. ... health and training information for dogs. AKC actively ... Can My Dog Eat____? Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid ... Dog Food Recall Alert: Nutrisca, ANF, Evolve, Sportsmans Pride, Triumph, Elm, Orlando, Kroger, Ahold, & Natural Life Dog Food ...
Category:St. Bernard dog - Wikimedia Commons
The new book of the dog - a comprehensive natural history of British dogs and their foreign relatives, with chapters on law, ... The new book of the dog - a comprehensive natural history of British dogs and their foreign relatives, with chapters on law, ... The dog and how to breed, train and keep him. Containing articles on the breeding, training and keeping of the dog, as well as ... Bernard dog in the snow in front of a house with a picket fence. Possibly taken in Belleville, Ontario. (17243880181).jpg 4,348 ...
Tahitian Dog - Wikipedia
The Tahitian Dog disappeared as a distinct breed after the introduction of foreign European dogs. The Tahitian Dog, known as ... The Tahitian Dog (Tahitian: ʻŪrī Māohi, literally translated as native dog) is an extinct breed of dog from Tahiti and the ... Dog teeth were fashioned into fishhooks and dog bones were made into weapons and implements. They also used dog hair, ... The Marquesan Dog became extinct in the neighboring Marquesas Islands before 1595. Even though dogs were virtually absent from ...
Diagnosis and Treatment of Mastitis in Dogs | Petfinder
Learn about the diagnosis and treatments of mastitis in dogs here. ... Diagnosis and Treatment of Mastitis in Dogs. If you suspect your dog has mastitis, take her to the veterinarian right away. If ... If your dog does have mastitis, she will need antibiotic treatment, warm water compresses and her mammary glands emptied. In ... At the vets office, your dog will receive a physical exam along with a fluid analysis, complete blood count or bacterial ...
4 Ways to Exercise With Your Dog - wikiHow
You need regular exercise to stay healthy, and so does your dog. So why not work out together? You may well find out that Fido ... Socialize your dog properly. Do you know how your dog reacts when meeting other dogs? You dont want to find out for the first ... Notice where your dog is located in relation to you. Dogs tend to prefer being in front of you, so if your dog slows down and ... Run like a dog, with your dog. When running, capitalize on your dogs natural inclination to stop and sniff at random intervals ...
Pedigree Dogs Commissioned Scientific Report | RSPCA
Read our investigation into the impact of traditional selective breeding practices on pedigree dog welfare and what ... Dog welfare campaigns Love dogs? So do we! But, not all are so lucky. Take part in our campaigns to protect dog welfare. ... Find out about our actions for pedigree dog welfare (PDF 52KB) since the BBC documentary, Pedigree Dogs Exposed. ... practices on pedigree dog welfare and to suggest a number of possible ways forward to improve the welfare of pedigree dogs. We ...
Pedigree Dog Treats Small/Medium | Walgreens
Year of the Dog...Again by DMX on Apple Music
Listen to songs from the album Year of the Dog...Again, including Intro, We In Here, I Run S**t and many more. Buy the ... which made a perfect match for his trademark lyrical obsession with dogs. Plus, there was substance behind the style; much of ... It also produced his biggest hit single since Get at Me Dog, Party Up (Up in Here), which became his first Top Ten hit on ... Grand Champ was released six months later, followed by 2006s Year of the Dog... Again. Just prior to that albums release, his ...
Diagnosing Canine Thyroid Carcinoma
Malignant canine thyroid tumors are fairly common in dogs. There are a number of factors that determine which dogs are ... Canine thyroid carcinoma is a common disease found in dogs, and treatments are available. However, since many of the cancer ... Older dogs are at a greater risk for developing cancer, as cancer is often born from mistakes in the DNA during cell division. ... Treatment largely depends on the type of tumor present in the dogs thyroid. There are two types: *Movable Tumors. If the ...
AKC Canine Health Foundation
... in the treatment of canine familial dermatomyositis (DM). A total of 8 dogs with clinical signs and biopsy findings which are ... Dogs will be monitored at monthly intervals for a three-month treatment period. Photographs, measurements and scoring of skin ... Help Future Generations of Dogs. Participate in canine health research by providing samples or by enrolling in a clinical trial ... Samples are needed from healthy dogs and dogs affected by specific diseases. ...
AKC Canine Health Foundation
It has a significant impact on quality of life for dogs and owners alike. The majority of dogs respond well to treatment with ... whether preliminary indicators of involve ment for a handful of these genes holds up in a large sample of 300 epileptic dogs. ... Phenobarbital and/or potassium bromide, but according to the breed, somewhere between 10 and 20 percent of dogs do not respond ... Epilepsy is the most common neurological disease in dogs. ... Help Future Generations of Dogs. Participate in canine health ...
Cerebellar Ataxia in Dogs
Diagnosing and Treating Cerebellar Ataxia in Dogs. If you think your dog is exhibiting signs of cerebellar ataxia, you should ... Symptoms and Progression of Cerebellar Ataxia in Dogs. Cerebellar ataxia is a progressive canine disease that causes symptoms ... Cerebellar ataxia in dogs is a condition the occurs when the cerebellum, a part of your dogs brain, sustains damage. The ... Your dogs head and eyes may begin to move rapidly and at random. Your dog will have trouble walking and may lose weight. ...
AKC Canine Health Foundation
Then get nine tips from owner/handler Denise Corliss, for maximizing longevity in your senior dog. ... surviving search-and-rescue dog who served at Ground Zero after 9/11. ... A lifelong dog lover, Denise was drawn to the work of disaster search-and-rescue dogs in the late 90s, when she learned through ... Home > Canine Health > Senior & Geriatric Dog Health > How To Maximize The Golden Years: One Heroic Working Dogs Story ...
Vapor Wake Canines - Wikipedia
Bruce Lesham (December 11, 2017). "Super Vapor Wake dogs track explosive trail to bombers". WUSA. Retrieved December 12, 2017 ... Vapor Wake Canine are mammals that have been trained to provide valuable real-time intelligence that can alert their human ... handlers that stop threats before they become a danger, and Super Vapor Wake dogs track explosive trail to bombers. Gregg Re ...
Is Lettuce Safe for Dogs? Can Dogs Have Lettuce?
Find out whether lettuce is safe for our canine companions to consume and if it actually provides them with any nutritional ... Chopping it up is better than handing your dog a whole leaf, especially for smaller dogs or those that are prone to gulping ... Can My Dog Eat____? Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid ... Dog Name Finder Browse our extensive library of dog names for inspiration ...
Can Dogs Have Human Antibiotics? | Reference.com
However, antibiotics prescribed to the dog are the only medications that they should be given, according to Fun Times... ... Dogs can take many medications that humans take, but the dosages are different. A dogs weight and breed plays a part in how ... What Medications Are Used to Euthanize Dogs?. A: Canine euthanasia completed in a two-step process includes administration of a ... A: In dogs, mange is a skin disease caused by external parasites called mites that are found on the dogs skin and hair ...
Can dogs eat chicken liver? | Reference.com
According to The Daily Puppy, chicken livers are filled with dog-friendly vitamins and nutrients, such as vitamin A,... ... Chicken livers are a safe food for dogs and can be served either raw or cooked. ... Can dogs eat chicken?. A: Properly cooked chicken without bones is safe for dogs to eat. Many dogs enjoy the taste of chicken, ... The amount of chicken liver a dog can have is dependant upon the dogs size; the larger the dog, the more chicken livers it can ...
Westminster Dog Show: Competitor's Death Leaves Owner, Handler Suspicious - ABC News
The Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show that earlier this month made headlines by crowning a toy dog as Best in Show for the first ... homes that are filled with dogs from breeders and puppy mills because of Westminster. Theres no excuse for breeding more dogs ... Dogs Post-Westminster Death Raises Questions. The owner of the dog who mysteriously died suspects her pet was poisoned. ... Westminster Dog Show: Competitors Death Leaves Owner, Handler Suspicious. Owner and handler of Westminster Dog Show competitor ...
Woman remortgages house to offer £10,000 reward for lost dog - Telegraph
A distraught woman whose champion dog was stolen has remortgaged her house to stump up a record reward to help find her beloved ... The German short-haired pointer was dognapped from a car park while Mrs Maw was walking her and her three other dogs last month ... Woman remortgages house to offer £10,000 reward for lost dog. A distraught woman whose champion dog was stolen has remortgaged ... "So I decided to increase the fee because I am desperate to get my dog back and I thought the best and quickest way to do this ...
Town of Tuxedo, NY Dogs
... geese dog, guide dog, hearing dog, police work dog, service dog, therapy dog, war dog or working search dog. ... A record of all dogs destroyed by the Dog Warden pursuant to this article shall be kept and maintained by the Dog Warden. The ... Application for a dog license shall be made to the Clerk. In the case of a dog being redeemed or a dog being adopted from a ... the Dog Warden shall be authorized to destroy the dog seven days after impounding him or to dispose of the dog by sale or other ...
High Blood Pressure in Dogs
Biopsy, if the dog has a tumor affecting the adrenal gland. Managing Canine High Blood Pressure. The high blood pressure can be ... The dogs blood pressure should be checked on a regular basis even after finishing the treatment, so as to make sure the dog is ... Dog High Blood Pressure. Dog high blood pressure is scientifically known as arterial hypertension, and it indicates an increase ... A high blood pressure will make the dog more agitated and active. To determine if the dog has hypertension you should look for ...
Dorchester County, MD Dog Control
Immediately upon impounding dogs, the Dog Control Officer shall make a reasonable attempt to notify the owner of such dogs and ... seize and impound any stray dog or dog at large, any diseased or vicious dog or any public nuisance dog. Every dog so seized ... Dangerous dog.. (1) Upon receipt of written notification, an owner of the dog shall not leave a dangerous dog unattended on the ... Potentially dangerous dog.. (1) Upon receipt of written notification that the owners dog is a potentially dangerous dog, the ...
How to Surrender a Dog: 13 Steps (with Pictures) - wikiHow
There are certain circumstances that might make it where you cant care for your dog anymore. This might mean you have to ... surrender your dog, which means he will have to go to another home. This can be... ... Never dump your dog. If you cannot keep the dog and have no other options, do not dump your dogs on the side of the road. This ... Have your dog checked. There may be a medical reason for why your dog is irritated or aggravating to you. Take your dog to the ...
BreedsHumansTransmissible cancerGeneticTumoursDiseasesDog'sCommonDiseaseCatsYearsResearchObese dogsAmerican Kennel Club Canine Health Fou2016Treats2019PuppiesBreeds of DogsBreedersDistemperCompanionSpayed or neuteCatsSymptomsParticipateWestminster KennHealthTreatmentsPeople'sPuppyTerriersCesar millanCollarLeashCollarsSearchOccursFoodCloselyShih tzuGreyhounds2017Fleas12,000 yearsPsychologicalHeartwormsCerebellar ataxiaSmallOwnershipChewDisordersFoundVeterinariansPeopleTreatmentTreatMan'sWalkersFlea19th-centuryFindIntestinal parasitesMakeSuturesDiarrhea in DogsChickenRetrieversStrayWolvesDomesticationSimilarlyBiteDiseasesGuard DogsToothpasteBull TerrierOwnersPercentageRescue
- We are carrying out an important research project into the development of the nostrils in brachycephalic (short-faced) dog breeds. (cam.ac.uk)
- All breeds of dogs can be affected with anal sac disorders, although small toy breeds of dogs are more predisposed. (wordpress.com)
- But don't think large dog breeds are excluded. (wordpress.com)
- That is why some dogs (especially the nervous breeds) will naturally "express" their sacs while on the examination table at the veterinary clinic or at the groomer. (wordpress.com)
- Our results provide a genetic identikit of an ancient dog and demonstrate the robustness of mammalian somatic cells to survive for millennia despite a massive mutation burden. (thepawreport.org)
- Genetic analysis suggests the tumor originated in an individual wolf or domesticated dog, probably in east Asia, between 200 and 2,500 years ago. (jwz.org)
American Kennel Club Canine Health Fou1
- Boss Dog® Brand offers unique treats for pets with special digestive benefits like pre and probiotics offering a unique addition to store shelves. (prweb.com)
- Look for Boss Dog® Brand Greek Style Frozen Yogurt Dog Treats in the freezer section of your local pet store. (prweb.com)
- All-Natural Boss Dog® Brand Greek Style Frozen Yogurt Dog Treats are made with real yogurt with milk from a single farm in the Central Valley of California. (prweb.com)
- Before Millan, the popular wisdom was that dogs are best trained by giving them treats for good behavior. (slate.com)
- Now reformulated and available in five dog-friendly flavor profiles, each of the colorful new packages contains eight ounces of high quality treats. (yahoo.com)
- The Best-Rated Dog Food on Amazon, According to Hyperenthusiastic Reviews Including the best dog food for puppies, senior dogs, dieting dogs, and working dogs. (nymag.com)
- Without knowing it, he made himself master of evolution by chosing which dogs should breed and which puppies survive. (everything2.com)
- For: Dogs and puppies 7 weeks and older. (ebay.com)
- Not suitable for puppies and dogs under 10 lbs. (walgreens.com)
- 4. If never spayed or neutered, a female dog, her mate, and their puppies could produce over 66,000 dogs in 6 years! (newsblaze.com)
- Zoomies in puppies and dogs might sound funny - and usually they're silly and harmless! (dogster.com)
Breeds of Dogs2
- Although many people who were new to the dog world saw the pairings of different breeds as a 20th century fad that was worth noting, avid breeders had been crossing purebreds for centuries. (care2.com)
- There are currently over 500 "designer" breeds recognized by the Designer Dogs Kennel Club, and some breeders take their programs very seriously. (care2.com)
- Recently, a DNA test for cerebellar ataxia was made available, so reputable breeders should test their dogs for the disease. (vetinfo.com)
- Blue said the only time Cruz was not being watched by Chaffin while in New York was when the dog was "benched" at Westminster, a time when the dogs are required to stay in an assigned area with other owners and breeders. (go.com)
- M)ore than 7 million cats and dogs are entering U.S. shelters every year with half of them being euthanized due to a lack of good homes - homes that are filled with dogs from breeders and puppy mills because of Westminster. (go.com)
- This website is designed to provide information on these projects and serve as a resource for those concerned with canine diseases: breeders, owners, veterinarians, and researchers. (caninegeneticdiseases.net)
- Briefly discuss the cause and method of spread, the signs and symptoms and the methods of prevention of rabies, parvovirus, distemper, and heartworms in dogs. (meritbadge.org)
- Canine distemper virus, or a closely related virus, is the primary cause of the seal deaths," said Osterhaus. (deseretnews.com)
- According to the Companion Animal Parasite Council (CAPC) , many dogs will be infected with parasites at some point in their life. (akc.org)
- The dog has been an honourary member of the human family for at least 15,000 years, graduating from the servant role as guard and hunting companion to the additional roles of spoiled child substitute and career dog with its own labour union and pension fund. (everything2.com)
- They stand for Canine Good Citizen, Rally Advanced, and Companion Dog. (dailypress.com)
- 3. A German Shepherd guide dog led her blind companion the entire 2100-mile Appalachian Trail. (newsblaze.com)
- Traveling with your canine companion can be exciting, as long as you know the facts and have the right breed. (dogster.com)
- The cruel sports were banned, and the development of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier moved toward that of a courageous, loyal dog meant to live alongside people as a companion. (orvis.com)
Spayed or neute2
- They're more closely related to cats and mongooses than dogs. (everything2.com)
- Therefore, it's important to realize that your dog considers you and anyone else in your home (including other pets like cats) to be a member of his pack, whether or not you're aware of it. (vetinfo.com)
- While this is safe to use on dogs, it is toxic to cats. (wikihow.com)
- Dogs, cats, miniature horses, llamas, guinea pigs and even birds can be acceptable members of Pet Partner teams. (dailypress.com)
- 38. The phrase "raining cats and dogs" originated in 17th century England when it is believed that many cats and dogs drowned during heavy periods of rain. (newsblaze.com)
- The original Wysong raw diet for dogs and cats. (wysong.net)
- At PetSmart, we never sell dogs or cats. (petsmart.com)
- Pets often hide their illness- especially cats they say but dogs can as well. (terrificpets.com)
- Nevertheless, systematically reviewing the animal cognition literature, British psychologists Stephen Lea and Britta Osthaus found dogs to be unremarkable in their cognitive capabilities compared to wolves, cats, dolphins, chimpanzees, pigeons, and several other species. (scientificamerican.com)
- Though veterinarians look for these typical signs , most dogs harboring this parasite do not have clinical symptoms prior to the worms being detected via screening tests. (akc.org)
- As with a number of intestinal parasites in dogs, diarrhea and weight loss are common symptoms of infection. (akc.org)
- Cerebellar ataxia is a progressive canine disease that causes symptoms to appear in a certain order. (vetinfo.com)
- In some dogs, symptoms appear slowly and cause only mild disability for up to five years. (vetinfo.com)
- In other dogs, symptoms progress swiftly and cause rapid, serious impairment. (vetinfo.com)
- Symptoms usually appear in dogs older than two years of age. (vetinfo.com)
- Treatment involves keeping the dog as comfortable as possible until his symptoms have progressed to the point where he is no longer enjoying a good quality of life. (vetinfo.com)
- Canines that experience muscle wasting are most often showing symptoms of a larger problem. (ehow.co.uk)
- While you may not be able to determine which type of intestinal worms your dog has, keeping an eye out for these symptoms can help you determine if your dog may need treatment for intestinal worms. (wikihow.com)
- The iodine and water bath is effective against all of these symptoms even if fleas are not found on the dog. (ehow.co.uk)
- Our dog was put to sleep in Feb due to illness- she began to shake, walk slowly, ears back, urinating wherever she sat or layed down- then neurological symptoms surfaced. (terrificpets.com)
- Parasites in dogs take many forms, but they all have one thing in common: sooner or later their presence will almost always have an impact on your pet's health or comfort. (akc.org)
- A man's dog stands by him in prosperity and in poverty , in health and in sickness . (everything2.com)
- And if he has health problems, speak to your vet about the issues involved for your dog when exercising. (wikihow.com)
- 30. Obesity is the #1 health problem among dogs. (newsblaze.com)
- Pet Dogs and Children's Health: Opportunities for Chronic Disease Prevention? (cdc.gov)
- This study investigates the hypothesis that pet dogs are positively associated with healthy weight and mental health among children. (cdc.gov)
- Pet dogs have been linked with varied physical and mental health benefits for adults (3,4), benefits that are promoted by the US Public Health Service (USPHS) (Figure 1). (cdc.gov)
- Although dog ownership may improve adult physical activity, body weight, and mental health (5,6), less is known about the relationship between pet dogs and children's health. (cdc.gov)
- Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) with dogs affects children's mental health and developmental disorders by reducing anxiety and arousal or enhancing attachment (13). (cdc.gov)
- If exposure to pet dogs during childhood is inversely related to mental health problems, positive child---dog interactions could prevent the evolution of these problems into full-fledged disorders during adolescence or later life. (cdc.gov)
- Summary of an article written by AKC/AKC Canine Health Foundation/Theriogenology Foundation Theriogenology Residency recipient Dr. Carla Barstow on breeding soundness examination of the bitch. (akcchf.org)
- AKC Canine Health Foundation (CHF) and its donors are currently funding two studies aimed at new treatment strategies for canine mammary tumors. (akcchf.org)
- AKC Canine Health Foundation Requests for proposals (RFPs) are categorized by Research Program Area and grants must be submitted in response to specific RFPs. (akcchf.org)
- While chicken livers are a safe food for dogs, eating too many livers can cause health problems. (reference.com)
- Canna-Biscuits for Dogs are an ideal means to introduce consumers to the health benefits that hemp-based cannabinoids offer. (yahoo.com)
- SENTRY products for dogs include flea control, health and behavior aids. (petsmart.com)
- Expert Dog Health and Wellness Info. (petplace.com)
- In a study published last year in Nature Scientific Reports, Swedish researchers examined the relationship between dog ownership and cardiovascular health in a sample of nearly 3.5 million Swedish adults. (scientificamerican.com)
- The researchers were thus able to link health and dog ownership data. (scientificamerican.com)
- Novel (but safe) treatments applied first to dogs with PTSD would provide pilot data on which human clinical trials could be based. (psychologytoday.com)
- Because only about 1% of fleas are in the adult stage, and most flea treatments only kill adult fleas, it can be quite difficult to get rid of fleas once they've infested your home and dog. (wikihow.com)
- Apply topical flea treatments to your dog. (wikihow.com)
- Boxes of these topical flea treatments usually come in different amounts based on the size of your dog. (wikihow.com)
- Canine thyroid carcinoma is a common disease found in dogs, and treatments are available. (vetinfo.com)
- The occurrence of repetitive behaviors and similarities in response to drug treatments in both canine CCD and human OCD suggest that common pathways are involved," said Ginns. (scienceblog.com)
- The Essential (and Affordable) Gear You'll Need to Puppy-Proof Your Home Dogs are pure joy. (nymag.com)
- For some people, the term conjures images of little dogs traveling in their little designer totes, which are perched on the shoulders of their high-fashion, globe trotting "puppy-mammas. (care2.com)
- Puppy training classes memphis, how to train puppy not to bite pants, greyhounds dogs. (amazonaws.com)
- Whether you're teaching a young puppy or an older dog you've rescued from the shelter, the first step is always to establish that coming to you is the best thing he can do. (petfinder.com)
- According to The Daily Puppy, chicken livers are filled with dog-friendly vitamins and nutrients, such as vitamin A, vitamin B, iron, protein, and omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. (reference.com)
- If you need to stop a digging puppy, and solve other dog behavior problems, visit No More Bad Dogs at http://NoMoreBadDogs.com to learn about a dog training course that will work wonders! (issuu.com)
- The Tahitian dogs were described as having a small or medium build, resembling terriers or crooked-legged dachshund in size. (wikipedia.org)
- Meanwhile, the equally distressing canine equivalent, canine compulsive disorder (CCD), is more prevalent in certain dog breeds, especially Dobermans and Bull Terriers. (scienceblog.com)
- Terriers, retrievers, and hounds were all bred as hunting dogs who would go to any extreme to retrieve game, including digging a hole to China if need be. (issuu.com)
- Pyloric obstruction or stenosis is most commonly seen in brachycephalic (short-faced) breeds of dog such as boxers, Boston terriers and bulldogs. (petplace.com)
- DNA mutation responsible for Canine Multipe System Degeneration (CMSD or PNA) in Kerry Blue Terriers and Chinese Crested Dogs has been identified - test available. (caninegeneticdiseases.net)
- There Are Lots of Handsome Dog Accessories on Sale at Nordstrom Including a collapsible Filson dog bowl and a beaded Snoopy dog collar, all 40 percent off. (nymag.com)
- Seresto Flea & Tick Collar for Large Dogs over 18 lbs(27 inch) Exp. (ebay.com)
- Put a flea collar on your dog. (wikihow.com)
- Most flea collars are longer than you'll need, so cut off the excess portion of the collar once you've fit it on your dog. (wikihow.com)
- This means you may want to take the collar off or replace it if you dog goes for a swim. (wikihow.com)
- In order to avoid having dogs contract tick diseases, treat them with a monthly tick repellent such as Frontline or have them wear a tick collar such as Preventic. (ehow.co.uk)
- To run at large unless such dog is restrained by an adequate collar and leash and accompanied by its owner or by a responsible person able to control the animal. (ecode360.com)
- The leash is a length of thick cord like an ordinary dog lead, but with a central core of strong wire so that the leash keeps its shape. (newscientist.com)
- The proud owner bends the leash into a shape that matches the height of a dog or cat. (newscientist.com)
- Teaching your pup the basic command of "heel" will allow you to keep your dog under control while on or off the leash. (wikihow.com)
- Such a dog can play in the dog run, hike with you in leash-free parks, and keep out of trouble in most any situation. (petfinder.com)
- Even if you never plan to have your dog off his leash, things happen. (petfinder.com)
- We have gone through all the steps of where he was, what was done, and he was always on a leash," Blue, 67, who has co-owned Cruz since birth and has raised and shown the fluffy, snow-white breed of dogs since the 1960s, told ABC News today. (go.com)
- Volunteers will be encouraged to leash train each dog as they walk them to the playground and give them some play time out of the kennel at least twice a week. (volunteermatch.org)
- An excellent all round food for dogs of all breeds and ages. (angelfire.com)
- High quality dog food that uses only the finest ingredients and is made without artificial additives, preservatives and flavourings. (angelfire.com)
- If your dog is on a cheap food it will make it worse and happen more often. (medhelp.org)
- Dogs were tied with strings around the belly and kept in the house where they were raised as a food source alongside domesticated pigs. (wikipedia.org)
- Chicken livers are a safe food for dogs and can be served either raw or cooked. (reference.com)
- Apples are a safe and nutritious food for most dogs, as they are low in calories and contain relatively large amounts of vitamins and minerals dogs need. (reference.com)
- Wild canines also bury food to save it for later on. (issuu.com)
- raw dog food line is designed and formulated in accordance with nature. (wysong.net)
- Whether your little dog likes dry or wet food, Purina offers a range of small breed dog food products he'll love. (purina.com)
- If food and water cannot move through the stomach, the dog will regurgitate or vomit and become sick, dehydrated, and depressed. (petplace.com)
- Interestingly, not all dogs going through closely conforming traumatic events developed PTSD. (psychologytoday.com)
- The dog and the extant gray wolf are sister taxa as modern wolves are not closely related to the wolves that were first domesticated, which implies that the direct ancestor of the dog is extinct. (wikipedia.org)
- Murchison says the cancer probably evolved in a badly inbred population, in which the cancer cells passed between the animals during sex, but were overlooked by the immune system because the dogs were so closely related. (newscientist.com)
- How to Groom Your Dog at Home, According to Experts Whether you've got a tangled Shih Tzu, a shedding Rottweiler, or a Labradoodle whose bangs need a trim. (nymag.com)
- It can also occur as a more chronic condition in small breeds of dog such as Lhasa apso, shih tzu and Maltese terrier. (petplace.com)
- my dog is a shih tzu he was a stray that i found i had him neutered 4 years ago. (terrificpets.com)
- herding dogs that would develop amazing abilities to control herds, pointing dogs with an instinct to find prey and retrieve it for their master, agile greyhounds that hunted swift game, and mastiffs , great, imposing watchdogs . (everything2.com)
- 25. Greyhounds are the fastest dogs on earth, with speeds of up to 45 miles per hour. (newsblaze.com)
- Discuss the control methods for preventing fleas, ticks, heartworms, and intestinal parasites (worms) for a dog in your area from puppyhood through adulthood. (meritbadge.org)
- Alternatively, you can use a few drop of lavender essential oil on your dog to help prevent and repel fleas. (wikihow.com)
- Tapeworms specifically are transmitted by dogs accidentally ingesting fleas. (wikihow.com)
- Fleas, ticks and mites rank as one of the top problems for dogs. (ehow.co.uk)
- Some dogs develop life-threatening allergies to fleas. (ehow.co.uk)
- You might not see fleas on your dog until an infestation has become severe and very difficult to control. (ehow.co.uk)
- If you think your dog is exhibiting signs of cerebellar ataxia, you should see a veterinary neurologist. (vetinfo.com)
- If your dog does have hereditary cerebellar ataxia, there is not much you or your vet can do. (vetinfo.com)
- Most dogs with cerebellar ataxia are put down by seven or eight years of age. (vetinfo.com)
- Neonatal cerebellar ataxia in Coton de Tulear dogs. (nih.gov)
- The 7 Best Travel Accessories for Small Dogs A packing list for your corgi. (nymag.com)
- European peasants defended themselves from rats using small, valiant canines . (everything2.com)
- Use toothpaste made for dogs - toothpaste for people can make your dog sick if he swallows it - and apply it with a brush designed for dogs, or a finger brush, or a small disposable dental sponge, whichever you find easiest. (petfinder.com)
- Feeding Guide: Feed small/medium adult dogs 1 treat a day. (walgreens.com)
- It means that the cancer lived in just one small population of dogs for 10,500 years, but dogs carrying it were then picked up by explorers or seafarers who spread them, and the cancers they carried, all round the world," says Murchison. (newscientist.com)
- Choosing a small breed-specific formula means you can feel confident your dog is getting nutrition tailored to his unique needs. (purina.com)
- The pylorus is the lower portion of the stomach that leads into the small intestine of the dog. (petplace.com)
- In Australia and the United Kingdom, dog ownership was associated with increased accelerometer-measured physical activity among children aged 5 to 12 years (7-9) and a lower likelihood of overweight or obesity among children aged 5 to 6 years (10). (cdc.gov)
- Dog ownership in the Philippines is unregulated and rules on taking care of pets are only loosely implemented, leading to a large number of stray dogs. (reuters.com)
- Any dog for which ownership is not established or for which the owner disclaims future responsibility. (ecode360.com)
- None of this is to diminish the benefits of dog ownership. (scientificamerican.com)
- What's more, these benefits of dog ownership were largest for single people. (scientificamerican.com)
- The Canine Eye Registry Foundation (C.E.R.F.), located in the USA, registers dogs that are found to be clear of eye problems. (angelfire.com)
- The maternal mitochondrial DNA sequences of the Inuit dogs were classified as haplotype A31 that indicates a common female ancestor, and this haplotype could not be found in other modern dogs but the nearest match was with a 1,000 year-old dog from Florida. (wikipedia.org)
- The Only Crate That Can Contain My Houdini Dog He escaped from every kennel - until I found this one. (nymag.com)
- Wild dogs can be found throughout the world - from the fanged pack of wolves , running through northern winters, to the dingo , cunningly prowling the Australian desert. (everything2.com)
- A quarter of Britain's dogs are suffering from depression because of the stress of being left alone while their owners are at work, a new study has found. (telegraph.co.uk)
- 32. An American Animal Hospital Assoc. poll found that 33% of dog owners admit to talking to their dogs on the phone and leaving answering machine messages for them while away. (newsblaze.com)
- As many mushers have found, giving certain dogs the opportunity to lead has surprising effects. (iditarod.com)
- Roundworms, tapeworms, whipworms and hookworms are found in the intestinal tract of dogs and are shed in the feces of infected animals. (wikihow.com)
- MANILA (Reuters) - A group of secondary school students in the Philippines has found a way to convert poo from stray dogs into a mixture for bricks, aiming to rid city streets of excrement and potentially even lower construction costs. (reuters.com)
- The Best Dog Leashes, According to Veterinarians and Trainers Ten experts recommend 23 leashes (and a few accessories) for everything from late-night walks to jogs with your pup. (nymag.com)
- Veterinarians can confirm whether or not a dog is suffering from myositis through a sample of tissue. (ehow.co.uk)
- They were brought from Siberia to North America by the Thule people 1,000 years ago, along with the Canadian Eskimo Dog that is genetically identical. (wikipedia.org)
- However, people and their dogs did not settle in the Arctic until the Paleo-Eskimo people 4,500 years ago and then the Thule people 1,000 years ago, both originating from Siberia. (wikipedia.org)
- The Inuit dogs from Canada ( Canadian Eskimo Dog ) and Greenland (Greenland Dog) descended from dogs associated with Thule people, who relied on them for transportation from Siberia. (wikipedia.org)
- It seems a pity that with dogs of war being such a good model for the study of PTSD in people, that funding has not been forthcoming in this direction. (psychologytoday.com)
- And Bangkok's street dog population will continue to grow until more people are willing to take more action. (nationalgeographic.com)
- The Labrador, recognized for its excellent guiding abilities, and the Poodle, known for its intelligence, trainability and very low shedding, were paired to fill a need for disabled people who had allergies to dog dander. (care2.com)
- Similar to other strains of Polynesian dogs, it was introduced to the Society Islands and Tahiti by the ancestors of the Tahitian (Mā'ohi) people during their migrations to Polynesia. (wikipedia.org)
- The Tahitian Dog, known as the ʻŪrī Mā'ohi in the Tahitian language, was introduced to Tahiti and the Society Islands (in modern French Polynesia) by the ancestors of the Tahitian (Mā'ohi) people during their migrations to Polynesia. (wikipedia.org)
- Similar breeds of Polynesian dogs were brought alongside pigs and chickens when the people settled the islands of Polynesia. (wikipedia.org)
- Historian Margaret Titcomb noted that Tuamotuan varieties may not have been a separate breed that developed in isolation, arguing that the people of the Tuamotus could have eaten their short hair varieties and kept their longer haired dogs for exports to the Society Islands. (wikipedia.org)
- People will stop her so they can pet the dog. (dailypress.com)
- 20. 15 people die in the U.S. every year from dog bites. (newsblaze.com)
- 21. In 2002 alone, more people in the U.S. were killed by dogs than by sharks in the past 100 years. (newsblaze.com)
- B lind people with guide dogs are the only citizens exempted from the clean-up laws. (telegraph.co.uk)
- Many people are trying to pass off untrained pets as service dogs. (psychologytoday.com)
- However, there appears to be a rising threat to the credibility and acceptance of such service dogs because some people are trying to pass off their untrained pets as assistance dogs. (psychologytoday.com)
- Obviously many people would like to have their pets accompany them when they go to various places where dogs are usually banned. (psychologytoday.com)
- Actually, notamerican, only in America do people clean up after their dogs. (coolest-gadgets.com)
- Looking for a way to meet new people and friends for your dog? (dogster.com)
- The American Staffordshire Terrier is a loyal dog who is ready to alert owners of people approaching the door-or of suspicious critters in the yard. (orvis.com)
- I mean your not going to become one of those people you see on those shows where their dog is tied up in the yard and it is skinnier than a stick. (terrificpets.com)
- If your dog does have mastitis, she will need antibiotic treatment, warm water compresses and her mammary glands emptied. (petfinder.com)
- The goal of this pilot study is to determine whether tacrolimus 0.1% ointment would be beneficial (improvement of clinical signs) in the treatment of canine familial dermatomyositis (DM). (akcchf.org)
- Dogs will be monitored at monthly intervals for a three-month treatment period. (akcchf.org)
- The majority of dogs respond well to treatment with Phenobarbital and/or potassium bromide, but according to the breed, somewhere between 10 and 20 percent of dogs do not respond to Phenobarbital. (akcchf.org)
- Amoxicillin, Cephalexin, Clavamox and Otomox are said to be safe for the treatment of illnesses in dogs. (reference.com)
- Dog owners concerned about treatment costs can ease their fears with pet insurance comparison . (petsbest.com)
- Canna-Biscuits are the ideal treat for any dog, and for many pet owners the biscuits are an ideal supplement to the Canna-Pet™ lineup of hemp-based capsule products. (yahoo.com)
- Can you put Neosporin on dogs to treat a minor wound, cut, or scrape? (dogster.com)
- Always watch your dog while he or she is chewing the treat to prevent choking. (1800petmeds.com)
- FRONTLINE Plus Flea and Tick Control for 5-22lbs Dogs - 3 Doses NOBOX! (ebay.com)
- When dogs become allergic to flea saliva the skin turns red and hives form. (ehow.co.uk)
- While iodine baths relieve immediate flea and skin problems directly on your dog, you need to find ways to control infestations in the environment. (ehow.co.uk)
- Often they are lumped together with the Hawaiian Poi Dog by 19th-century taxonomists because of their similar appearance and diet, in contrast to the kurī, which was much larger in size due to their higher protein diet. (wikipedia.org)
- For two millenniums, from Ancient Rome through the 19th century, it was generally believed that dogs-like horses and, well, children-had a wild spirit that needed to be "broken. (slate.com)
- If you plan to breed or show your dog, you will want to find a knowledgeable person in the breed to show you the ropes. (angelfire.com)
- In fact, returning to Australia, we find that one of the most popular designer dogs, the Labradoodle, originated there in the 1970s, and even this breed began as a working dog. (care2.com)
- You don't want to find out for the first time when he decides to brawl with another dog while you're in your exercise gear and far from home. (wikihow.com)
- Find out about our actions for pedigree dog welfare (PDF 52KB) since the BBC documentary, Pedigree Dogs Exposed. (rspca.org.uk)
- M adrid's mayor has told dirty dog owners to start picking up their pet's mess or find themselves sweeping the streets their animal has fouled. (telegraph.co.uk)
- A Bored Dog Will Find Something To Do Keeping your pup occupied will prevent many dog behavior problems from developing. (issuu.com)
- If left to his own devices, a bored dog will find many things to do, including digging holes and excessive barking. (issuu.com)
- And if you missed Chris Gall's Dog vs. Cat back in May, head to your nearest bookstore or library shelf to find out what happens when Dog and Cat are forced to share a room. (kirkusreviews.com)
- Find out why they benefit your dogs diet. (dogster.com)
- If your female dog goes into heat/season, make sure to keep her properly secured. (angelfire.com)
- As a result of living in a pack structure, the Greenland dog takes a very firm and confident owner to make a good pet. (wikipedia.org)
- The circuit is preprogrammed to make a variety of animal sounds, such as a dog barking or growling, or a cat meowing. (newscientist.com)
- Although relatively expensive, regular professional dental care will make your dog feel better and keep his breath more pleasant for you to be near. (petfinder.com)
- The difference was that earlier hybrids were intended for work purposes to make better hunting or shepherding dogs, in many cases. (care2.com)
- their meat was included in Tahitian cuisine and other parts of the dog were used to make tools and ornamental clothing. (wikipedia.org)
- 56. Chocolate contains a substance known as theobromine (similar to caffeine), which can kill dogs or at the very least make them violently ill. (newsblaze.com)
- The owner of any dog reaching the age of four months shall immediately make application for a dog license. (ecode360.com)
Diarrhea in Dogs2
- Can dogs eat chicken liver? (reference.com)
- the larger the dog, the more chicken livers it can safely consume. (reference.com)
- Properly cooked chicken without bones is safe for dogs to eat. (reference.com)
- A superior raw dog and cat diet now available in four healthful varieties: Chicken, Rabbit, Quail and Pollock. (wysong.net)
- June 8, 2009- Thailand's capital city of Bangkok is struggling to cope with a growing population of stray dogs. (nationalgeographic.com)
- The city of Bangkok might have the worst stray dog problem of any city in the world. (nationalgeographic.com)
- Its estimated that as many as 300-thousand stray dogs wander the streets of the Thailand capital. (nationalgeographic.com)
- Kind-hearted Buddhists who feed the strays, and poor public infrastructure to handle their control, mean that the stray dog population is rampantly growing. (nationalgeographic.com)
- When I see stray dogs I look at them and I want to bring them in if I have the money because I love dogs, and so does my husband, but sometimes they cause so much trouble. (nationalgeographic.com)
- Samples are needed from healthy dogs and dogs affected by specific diseases. (akcchf.org)
- Muscle wasting is a symptom of many different canine diseases and should be taken very seriously. (ehow.co.uk)
- When a dog is bitten by a tick it can contract any one of these diseases. (ehow.co.uk)
- This article provides some guidelines for recognizing and treating all five types of worms, though it should be noted at the outset that parasitic diseases are often undetectable unless the dog is heavily infested or has been infected for a long time. (wikihow.com)
- The Best Gifts for Dog Lovers, According to Groomers, Trainers, and Dog Owners Including the Rubik's Cube for dogs and a personalized dog caftan. (nymag.com)
- Those owners whose dogs are suffering from depression are encouraged to slowly build up the amount of time they spend away from them. (telegraph.co.uk)
- 18. 87% of dog owners say their dog curls up beside them or at their feet while they watch T.V. (newsblaze.com)
- Mayor Manuela Carmena announced on Monday a new zero-tolerance campaign against dog mess on Madrid's pavements with a "massive" wave of fines against offending owners. (telegraph.co.uk)
- It has a significant impact on quality of life for dogs and owners alike. (akcchf.org)
- Dogs sampled during the research, or owners willing to send a blood sample can be tested NOW! (caninegeneticdiseases.net)
- Even after the researchers statistically controlled for age, education, and socioeconomic status, dog owners were significantly less likely to have had a heart attack and significantly less likely to have died from cardiovascular disease than non-dog owners were. (scientificamerican.com)