The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
A province of Canada on the Pacific coast. Its capital is Victoria. The name given in 1858 derives from the Columbia River which was named by the American captain Robert Gray for his ship Columbia which in turn was named for Columbus. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p178 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p81-2)
A province of western Canada, lying between the provinces of British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Its capital is Edmonton. It was named in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p26 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p12)
A province of eastern Canada. Its capital is Quebec. The region belonged to France from 1627 to 1763 when it was lost to the British. The name is from the Algonquian quilibek meaning the place where waters narrow, referring to the gradually narrowing channel of the St. Lawrence or to the narrows of the river at Cape Diamond. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p993 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p440)
A province of Canada, lying between the provinces of Saskatchewan and Ontario. Its capital is Winnipeg. Taking its name from Lake Manitoba, itself named for one of its islands, the name derived from Algonquian Manitou, great spirit. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p724 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p332)
A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NEW BRUNSWICK; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Halifax. The territory was granted in 1621 by James I to the Scotsman Sir William Alexander and was called Nova Scotia, the Latin for New Scotland. The territory had earlier belonged to the French, under the name of Acadia. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p871 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p384)
A federally administered division of Canada. Its capital is Yellowknife. The former northern and eastern-most parts of the Territory comprise the new territory of Nunavut, effective April 1, 1999.
A province of Canada, lying between the provinces of Alberta and Manitoba. Its capital is Regina. It is entirely a plains region with prairie in the south and wooded country with many lakes and swamps in the north. The name was taken from the Saskatchewan River from the Cree name Kisiskatchewani Sipi, meaning rapid-flowing river. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1083 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p486)
A self-governing territory formed from the central and eastern portions of the Northwest Territories. It was officially established April 1, 1999. The capital is Iqaluit.
A territory of northwest Canada, bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the south by British Columbia, and on the west by Alaska. Its capital is Whitehorse. It takes its name from the Yukon River, the Indian yu-kun-ah, meaning big river. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1367 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p608)
Province of Canada consisting of the island of Newfoundland and an area of Labrador. Its capital is St. John's.
Inuktitut-speakers generally associated with the northern polar region.
An island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence constituting a province of Canada in the eastern part of the country. It is very irregular in shape with many deep inlets. Its capital is Charlottetown. Discovered by the French in 1534 and originally named Ile Saint-Jean, it was renamed in 1799 in honor of Prince Edward, fourth son of George III and future father of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p981 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p433)
The Arctic Ocean and the lands in it and adjacent to it. It includes Point Barrow, Alaska, most of the Franklin District in Canada, two thirds of Greenland, Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Lapland, Novaya Zemlya, and Northern Siberia. (Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p66)
A province of eastern Canada, one of the Maritime Provinces with NOVA SCOTIA; PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND; and sometimes NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR. Its capital is Fredericton. It was named in honor of King George III, of the House of Hanover, also called Brunswick. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p828 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p375)
An approach to health care financing with only one source of money for paying health care providers. The scope may be national (the Canadian System), state-wide, or community-based. The payer may be a governmental unit or other entity such as an insurance company. The proposed advantages include administrative simplicity for patients and providers, and resulting significant savings in overhead costs. (From Slee and Slee, Health Care Reform Terms, 1993, p106)
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but the term "geese" is a common name for certain species of waterfowl and doesn't have a medical definition. It is not related to medical terminology or healthcare.
Components of a national health care system which administer specific services, e.g., national health insurance.
The process of leaving one's country to establish residence in a foreign country.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
While there isn't a specific medical definition for "North America," I can provide a geographical definition that is often used in public health and medical contexts: North America is the third largest continent by area, encompassing 23 independent states, including the United States, Canada, and Mexico, which are home to diverse populations, cultures, and ecosystems, and share common health-related challenges such as obesity, diabetes, and healthcare access disparities.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
People who leave their place of residence in one country and settle in a different country.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continents of the Americas.

Mycotoxin determinations on animal feedstuffs and tissues in Western Canada. (1/7810)

Results of examination of specimens of plant or animal origin for various mycotoxins are presented. Analyses for aflatoxins and ochratoxins were most frequently requested, usually on the basis of visible mouldiness. Aflatoxin B1 was found in one of 100 specimens at a level of 50 ppb in a sample of alfalfa brome hay. Ochratoxin A was detected in seven of 95 specimens comprising six samples of wheat at levels between 30 and 6000 ppb and one sample of hay at a level of 30 ppb. An overall detection rate of 4.2% involving significant levels of potent mycotoxins suggests that acute or chronic mycotoxicoses may occur in farm livestock or poultry more frequently than presently diagnosied.  (+info)

Lead and mercury residues in kidney and liver of Canadian slaughter animals. (2/7810)

Liver and kidney samples were collected from Canadian slaughter animals during the winter of 1973-1974. A total of 256 samples were analyzed for lead. Mean lead levels of 1.02 ppm in poultry liver, 1.04 ppm in bovine liver, 1.02 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.73 ppm in pork liver and 0.85 ppm in pork kidney were found. A total of 265 samples were analyzed for mercury. Mean mercury levels of 0.003 ppm in poultry liver, 0.007 ppm in bovine liver, 0.008 ppm in bovine kidney, 0.001 ppm in pork liver and 0.013 ppm in pork kidney were found. All levels detected were below the Canadian official tolerance of 2 ppm for lead and administrative tolerance of 0.5 ppm for mercury.  (+info)

The epizootiology and pathogenesis of thyroid hyperplasia in coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) in Lake Ontario. (3/7810)

The thyroid glands of coho salmon collected at different stages of their anadromous migration exhibited progressive and extensive hyperplasia and hypertrophy. The incidence of overt nodule formation rose from 5% in fish collected in August to 24% in fish collected in October. The histological picture of the goiters was similar to that found in thiourea-treated teleosts and thiouracil-treated mammals. There was a concomitant, significant decrease in serum thyroxine and triiodothyronine values between September and October (thyroxine, 1.0+/-0.3 mug/100 ml and 0.4 mug/100 ml in September and October, respectively; triiodothyronine, 400.3+/-51.6 ng/100 ml and 80.2 ng/100 ml in September and October, respectively) and marked hypertrophy and hyperplasia of thyrotrophs. These data indicate a progressive hypothyroid condition which, although it may be linked to iodide deficiency, may well be enhanced by other environmental factors. The evidence for involvement of other factors is discussed.  (+info)

'Home hypertension': exploring the inverse white coat response. (4/7810)

BACKGROUND: The classical 'white coat response' to blood pressure measurement has been studied thoroughly. However, little is known about patients showing a reverse pattern, i.e. who have lower blood pressure readings at the clinic than outside healthcare facilities. AIM: To estimate the proportion of patients whose blood pressure levels as determined by self-measurements at home are higher than those taken at the clinic and to explore possible associations with demographic, clinical, and psychological variables. METHOD: Patients consecutively attending (n = 214) an academic family medicine department in Toronto, Canada, were eligible. Subjects aged below 16 years and those on psychotropic or blood pressure-lowering agents were excluded. The clinic-home blood pressure difference (CHBPD) was calculated for each participating subject by subtracting home blood pressure from clinic blood pressure. Those who had negative values were compared with the rest of the sample. RESULTS: A considerable proportion of patients had lower blood pressure at the clinic than at home (systolic, 34.6%; diastolic, 23.8%). These subjects did not differ from the rest of the sample with regard to age, sex, levels of education attained, immigration status, body mass index, experience of current symptoms, blood pressure levels, or psychological distress. However, in patients with a 'negative CHBPD', i.e. lower blood pressure at the clinic than at home, readings taken by an automatic, self-inflating device when still at the clinic were higher than in the rest of the sample. CONCLUSION: The results point to measurement bias being at least partly responsible for higher blood pressure readings outside the clinic. Automatic measurement devices used for self/home blood pressure measurement seem to cause an alerting reaction analogous to the well-described 'white coat response'.  (+info)

A comparative analysis of surveyors from six hospital accreditation programmes and a consideration of the related management issues. (5/7810)

PURPOSE: To gather data on how accreditors manage surveyors, to compare these data and to offer them to the accreditors for improvement and to the scientific community for knowledge of the accreditation process and reinforcement of the credibility of these processes. DATA SOURCE: The data were gathered with the aid of a questionnaire sent to all accreditors participating in the study. RESULTS: An important finding in this comparative study is the different contractual relationships that exist between the accreditors and their surveyors. CONCLUSION: Surveyors around the world share many common features in terms of careers, training, work history and expectations. These similarities probably arise from the objectives of the accreditors who try to provide a developmental process to their clients rather than an 'inspection'.  (+info)

Dilemmas of medical ethics in the Canadian Penitentiary Service. (6/7810)

There is a unique hospital in Canada-and perhaps in the world-because it is built outside prison walls and it exists specifically for the psychiatric treatment of prisoners. It is on the one hand a hospital and on the other a prison. Moreover it has to provide the same quality and standard of care which is expected of a hospital associated with a university. From the time the hospital was established moral dilemmas appeared which were concerned with conflicts between the medical and custodial treatment of prisoners, and also with the attitudes of those having the status of prisoner-patient. Dr Roy describes these dilemmas and attitudes, and in particular a special conference which was convened to discuss them. Not only doctors and prison officials took part in this meeting but also general practitioners, theologians, philosophers, ex-prisoners, judges, lawyers, Members of Parliament and Senators. This must have been a unique occasion and Dr Roy's description may provide the impetus to examine these prison problems in other settings.  (+info)

Injection site survey in Canadian-fed cattle: spring 1997. (7/7810)

A 2nd injection site survey was conducted during the spring of 1997 in Canadian-fed beef. The prevalence of lesions was 13.3% in top butts, 23.1% in blades, 9.1% in eye of rounds, 7.5% in outside rounds, and 1.4% in inside rounds. Losses were $8.05/head processed or $17 million annually.  (+info)

Canada's "disasters-R-us" medical platoon a hit in Honduras. (8/7810)

The Canadian Forces Disaster Assistance Response Team did not take long to adapt to the medical needs of 90,000 survivors of Hurricane Mitch last November.  (+info)

I apologize, but "Canada" is not a medical term or concept. It is a country located in North America, known for its vast wilderness, multicultural cities, and significant natural resources. If you have any questions related to healthcare or medical terms, I would be happy to help answer those!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Ontario" is not a medical term. It is the name of a province in Canada, similar to how "California" is the name of a state in the United States. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health conditions, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you!

British Columbia is a province located on the west coast of Canada. It is not a medical term or concept. The province has a diverse geography, with mountains, forests, and coastal areas. Its largest city is Vancouver, and its capital is Victoria. The province is known for its natural beauty and outdoor recreational opportunities, as well as its vibrant cities and cultural attractions. It is home to a number of medical facilities and healthcare providers, and the provincial government plays a role in regulating and funding healthcare services within the province.

I apologize, but "Alberta" is not a medical term. It is the name of a province in Canada, located in western Canada, and is known for its vast prairies, mountains, and coniferous forests. It is bordered by the provinces of British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east, as well as the Northwest Territories to the north, and the US state of Montana to the south.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to try to help answer them for you.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Quebec" is not a medical term. It is a place name, referring to the Canadian province of Quebec. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to help answer those!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Manitoba" is not a medical term. It is a province in Canada, located in the center of the country. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Nova Scotia" is not a medical term. It is a geographical location, specifically a province on the east coast of Canada. If you have any questions about medical terms or health-related topics, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Northwest Territories" is not a medical term. It is a geographical term referring to a federal territory in northern Canada. The Northwest Territories cover approximately 1.3 million square miles, making it the second-largest federal division in Canada. The area is known for its vast wilderness, natural resources, and Indigenous cultures. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to help clarify those for you!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Saskatchewan" is not a medical term. It is a province in Canada, located in the central part of the country. If you have any questions about medical terms or health-related topics, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Nunavut" is not a medical term. It is a territory located in northern Canada, making up a significant portion of the country's land area. The Inuit people, who have inhabited the region for thousands of years, have a strong cultural presence there. If you have any questions about medical terms or concepts, I would be happy to help with those!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Yukon Territory" is not a medical term. It's actually a geographical location, specifically a territory in northwest Canada, known for its natural beauty and wilderness. If you have any medical questions or terms you would like defined, I'd be happy to help!

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Newfoundland and Labrador" is not a medical term or concept. It is a geographical term referring to a province on the eastern coast of Canada. The name refers to the island of Newfoundland and the mainland region of Labrador, which together make up the tenth provincial division of Canada. If you have any medical questions or terms that you would like defined, I'd be happy to help!

I believe there might be a misunderstanding in your question. "Inuit" is not a medical term, but rather a cultural and ethnic term referring to a group of people primarily living in the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada, and Alaska. The Inuit people have their own languages, customs, and traditions, and are known for their ability to adapt to and thrive in one of the world's harshest environments.

If you're looking for a medical term related to the Inuit population, I would need more context to provide an accurate definition.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Prince Edward Island" is not a medical term or concept. It is a province located in eastern Canada, known for its beautiful landscapes, red sand beaches, and the setting of the beloved novel "Anne of Green Gables." If you have any questions related to medical topics, I'd be happy to help!

The Arctic region is not a medical term per se, but it is a geographical and environmental term that can have health-related implications. The Arctic is defined as the region surrounding the North Pole, encompassing the Arctic Ocean and parts of Canada, Greenland (Denmark), Russia, the United States (Alaska), Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland. It is characterized by its cold climate, permafrost, and unique ecosystems.

Exposure to the harsh Arctic environment can pose significant health risks, such as hypothermia, frostbite, and other cold-related injuries. Additionally, the Arctic region has been impacted by climate change, leading to changes in the distribution of wildlife, which can have implications for food security and infectious disease transmission.

Therefore, while not a medical term itself, understanding the Arctic regions and their unique environmental and health challenges is important in fields such as wilderness medicine, environmental health, and public health.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "New Brunswick" is not a medical term or concept. It is actually a province in eastern Canada, being one of the three Maritime provinces along with Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia. New Brunswick is situated between the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Nova Scotia to the southeast, and it's bordered on the east by the Bay of Fundy, and on the south by the United States state of Maine.

If you have any medical questions or terms that need clarification, I would be happy to help!

A Single-Payer System is a healthcare financing model in which one entity, usually the government, is responsible for collecting healthcare fees and paying for healthcare services on behalf of all citizens. In this system, the government collects funds through general taxation or specific dedicated taxes and then uses those funds to pay for medical care for all residents, often covering a broad range of services from doctor visits, hospital stays, and prescription medications.

Under a single-payer system, healthcare providers typically receive payment from a single agency, reducing administrative costs associated with billing multiple insurance companies. This system aims to ensure universal access to healthcare services while controlling costs through centralized negotiation of fees for medical procedures and treatments. However, it is important to note that the specifics of how a single-payer system operates can vary from country to country or even within different regions of the same country.

"Native Americans" is the preferred term for the indigenous peoples of the continental United States, including those from Alaska and Hawaii. The term "Indians" is often used to refer to this group, but it can be seen as misleading or inaccurate since it implies a connection to India rather than recognition of their unique cultures and histories. However, some Native Americans prefer to use the term "Indian" to describe themselves.

It's important to note that there is no single medical definition for this group, as they are not a homogeneous population. Instead, they consist of hundreds of distinct tribes with diverse cultures, languages, and traditions. Each tribe may have its own unique genetic makeup, which can influence health outcomes and responses to medical treatments.

Therefore, when discussing medical issues related to Native Americans, it's essential to consider the specific tribal affiliations and cultural factors that may impact their health status and healthcare needs.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "geese" is not a medical term. It refers to various waterbirds constituting the family Anatidae and the genus Branta, characterized by a long neck, wide wings, and a honking call. They are not related to human health or medicine. If you have any medical concerns or questions, I'd be happy to help you with those!

National health programs are systematic, large-scale initiatives that are put in place by national governments to address specific health issues or improve the overall health of a population. These programs often involve coordinated efforts across various sectors, including healthcare, education, and social services. They may aim to increase access to care, improve the quality of care, prevent the spread of diseases, promote healthy behaviors, or reduce health disparities. Examples of national health programs include immunization campaigns, tobacco control initiatives, and efforts to address chronic diseases such as diabetes or heart disease. These programs are typically developed based on scientific research, evidence-based practices, and public health data, and they may be funded through a variety of sources, including government budgets, grants, and private donations.

Emigration is the process of leaving one's country of origin or habitual residence to settle in another country. It involves giving up the rights and privileges associated with citizenship in the country of origin and acquiring new rights and responsibilities as a citizen or resident of the destination country. Emigrants are people who choose to leave their native land to live elsewhere, often driven by factors such as economic opportunities, political instability, or conflict.

Immigration, on the other hand, is the process of entering and settling in a new country with the intention of becoming a permanent resident or citizen. Immigrants are individuals who come from another country to live in a new place, often seeking better job opportunities, education, or quality of life. They must comply with the immigration laws and regulations of the host country and may be required to undergo medical examinations, background checks, and other screening processes before being granted permission to enter and reside in the country.

In summary, emigration refers to leaving one's home country, while immigration refers to entering and settling in a new country.

A disease outbreak is defined as the occurrence of cases of a disease in excess of what would normally be expected in a given time and place. It may affect a small and localized group or a large number of people spread over a wide area, even internationally. An outbreak may be caused by a new agent, a change in the agent's virulence or host susceptibility, or an increase in the size or density of the host population.

Outbreaks can have significant public health and economic impacts, and require prompt investigation and control measures to prevent further spread of the disease. The investigation typically involves identifying the source of the outbreak, determining the mode of transmission, and implementing measures to interrupt the chain of infection. This may include vaccination, isolation or quarantine, and education of the public about the risks and prevention strategies.

Examples of disease outbreaks include foodborne illnesses linked to contaminated food or water, respiratory infections spread through coughing and sneezing, and mosquito-borne diseases such as Zika virus and West Nile virus. Outbreaks can also occur in healthcare settings, such as hospitals and nursing homes, where vulnerable populations may be at increased risk of infection.

A questionnaire in the medical context is a standardized, systematic, and structured tool used to gather information from individuals regarding their symptoms, medical history, lifestyle, or other health-related factors. It typically consists of a series of written questions that can be either self-administered or administered by an interviewer. Questionnaires are widely used in various areas of healthcare, including clinical research, epidemiological studies, patient care, and health services evaluation to collect data that can inform diagnosis, treatment planning, and population health management. They provide a consistent and organized method for obtaining information from large groups or individual patients, helping to ensure accurate and comprehensive data collection while minimizing bias and variability in the information gathered.

Prevalence, in medical terms, refers to the total number of people in a given population who have a particular disease or condition at a specific point in time, or over a specified period. It is typically expressed as a percentage or a ratio of the number of cases to the size of the population. Prevalence differs from incidence, which measures the number of new cases that develop during a certain period.

Medical Definition:

"Risk factors" are any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors are those that can be changed through lifestyle choices or medical treatment, while non-modifiable risk factors are inherent traits such as age, gender, or genetic predisposition. Examples of modifiable risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet, while non-modifiable risk factors include age, sex, and family history. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not guarantee that a person will develop the disease, but rather indicates an increased susceptibility.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "North America" is not a medical term. It is a geographical term that refers to the third largest continent in the world, which includes countries such as the United States, Canada, and Mexico, among others. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health topics, I'd be happy to help with those!

Population surveillance in a public health and medical context refers to the ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of health-related data for a defined population over time. It aims to monitor the health status, identify emerging health threats or trends, and evaluate the impact of interventions within that population. This information is used to inform public health policy, prioritize healthcare resources, and guide disease prevention and control efforts. Population surveillance can involve various data sources, such as vital records, disease registries, surveys, and electronic health records.

An emigrant is a person who leaves their native country to live permanently in another country. The process of leaving one's country to settle in another is called emigration.

On the other hand, an immigrant is a person who comes to live permanently in a foreign country. The process of coming to live permanently in a new country is called immigration.

So, the main difference between emigrants and immigrants lies in the perspective: emigrants are people leaving their own country, while immigrants are people entering a new country.

In epidemiology, the incidence of a disease is defined as the number of new cases of that disease within a specific population over a certain period of time. It is typically expressed as a rate, with the number of new cases in the numerator and the size of the population at risk in the denominator. Incidence provides information about the risk of developing a disease during a given time period and can be used to compare disease rates between different populations or to monitor trends in disease occurrence over time.

A physician is a healthcare professional who practices medicine, providing medical care and treatment to patients. Physicians may specialize in various fields of medicine, such as internal medicine, surgery, pediatrics, psychiatry, or radiology, among others. They are responsible for diagnosing and treating illnesses, injuries, and disorders; prescribing medications; ordering and interpreting diagnostic tests; providing counseling and education to patients; and collaborating with other healthcare professionals to provide comprehensive care. Physicians may work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, clinics, private practices, and academic medical centers. To become a physician, one must complete a Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (D.O.) degree program and pass licensing exams to practice medicine in their state.

I apologize for any confusion, but "Australia" is not a medical term or concept. It is the world's largest island and smallest continent, located in the Southern Hemisphere, surrounded by the Pacific and Indian Oceans. It is composed of many diverse ecosystems, including deserts, rainforests, and coastal areas, and is home to a wide variety of unique plant and animal species.

If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to try and help answer them for you!

The term "American Native Continental Ancestry Group" is not a standard medical term, but it generally refers to individuals who have ancestral origins in the indigenous populations of North, Central, or South America. This group includes people who identify as American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, and other Pacific Islander.

It's important to note that this term is often used in genetic research to categorize participants based on their self-reported ancestry or genetic markers associated with certain populations. However, the use of such categories can be controversial because they oversimplify the complex and diverse histories of indigenous peoples and may perpetuate harmful stereotypes or misunderstandings.

Therefore, it is generally recommended to use more specific and culturally sensitive terms when referring to individuals' ancestry or cultural backgrounds.

Central Canada, Atlantic Canada, and Northern Canada (Eastern Canada refers to Central Canada and Atlantic Canada together). ... The unified Canadian Forces (CF) comprise the Royal Canadian Navy, Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force. The nation ... All citizens of Canada are classified as "Canadians" as defined by Canada's nationality laws. "Canadian" as an ethnic group has ... The Canada Act 1982, which brought the Constitution of Canada fully under Canadian control, referred only to Canada. Later that ...
It was initially called the Canada Party of Quebec/Parti Canada du Québec but due to confusion with the federal Canada Party, ... The CANADA! Party was an official political party in the province of Quebec from 1994 to 1998. It was founded on Canada Day ... Le Parti Canada du Québec, vous dites? Le Devoir (July 29, 1994) Pierre-F. Côté aux trousses du Parti Canada! National Assembly ... the main platform of the CANADA! Party was to guarantee that any riding that elected one of its candidates would stay in Canada ...
"History , Canada Place". Canada Place ,. 2015-10-02. Retrieved 2022-03-19. "About Us , Canada Place". Canada Place ,. 2015-09- ... "Canada Place". Canada Place ,. 2015-09-30. Retrieved 2022-03-19. "FlyOver Canada , Canada Place". 2 October 2015. Pound, ... During Expo 86, the Canada Pavilion at Canada Place was opened by Prince Charles and Brian Mulroney, Prime Minister of Canada. ... Four years later, the Government of Canada created a crown corporation, the Canada Harbour Place Corporation (known as Canada ...
In October 2008, Monsanto Canada was named one of "Canada's Top 100 Employers" by Mediacorp Canada Inc., and was featured in ... Monsanto Canada Inc. was the Canadian division of now-defunct Monsanto Company, headquartered in Winnipeg, Manitoba. In ... Monsanto was acquired by Bayer in 2016 after which Monsanto Canada was amalgamated into Bayer's Canadian agricultural division ... Canadian subsidiaries of foreign companies, Agriculture companies of Canada, Defunct companies of Manitoba, Monsanto, ...
Service Canada delivers in-person passport services in passport offices and at Service Canada Centres in Canada. The Canadian ... Canadian Passport Canadian nationality law Canadian Security Intelligence Service Canada Border Services Agency Passport Five ... 2013 disestablishments in Canada, Foreign relations of Canada, Former Canadian federal departments and agencies, Government ... Under the previous Canadian Passport Regulations, which the Order superseded, residents of Canada could obtain a passport by ...
Gloucester, Ontario: Canadian Amateur Hockey Association. May 1990. pp. 125-134. Sports portal Canada portal Hockey Canada ... "Tom Renney to retire from Hockey Canada". Hockey Canada. April 20, 2022. Retrieved July 11, 2022. "Hockey Canada names former ... Hockey Canada Canadian Junior Hockey League On-ice officials Hockey Canada Officiating Program Non-member partners Canadian ... Anavet Cup Western Canada Junior "A" Doyle Cup Pacific Canada Junior "A" Don Johnson Cup Maritime Canada Junior "B" Keystone ...
The Canadians decided in 1986 to amalgamate their efforts, and Canada II was selected for the challenger series in Fremantle, ... Canada II is a 12-metre class yacht that competed in the 1987 Louis Vuitton Cup. The boat's designer was Bruce Kirby and the ... "CANADA II (KC-2)". 12 Metre Challenge. (Articles needing cleanup from September 2022, Articles with bare URLs for citations ... The yacht Steve Killing-designed True North, which hailed from the Royal Nova Scotia Yacht Squadron, was another Canadian ...
... is the governing body for bandy in Canada. Its headquarters are located in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The Canadian ... Canada Bandy became a member of Federation of International Bandy (FIB) on 6 July 1983. Canada has national bandy teams for ... Canada also plays America in the annual Can-Am Bandy Cup. Canada Bandy's current organizational status and the current status ... Canada - Men's national bandy team Canada - Women's national bandy team "Members". Federation of International Bandy. Archived ...
... , also called Canada turpentine or balsam of fir, is the oleoresin of the balsam fir tree (Abies balsamea) of ... Canada balsam was also commonly used for making permanent microscope slides. From about 1830 molten Canada balsam was used for ... using Canada balsam to glue the arrangement together and enclose the sample to conserve it. Xylene balsam, Canada balsam ... Canada balsam is amorphous when dried. It has poor thermal and solvent resistance. Due to its high optical quality and the ...
... was a rock festival concert held at Mosport Park in Bowmanville, Ontario Canada, about 100 kilometres east of ... It attracted over 110,000 fans, making it the largest paying rock event in Canadian history at that time. The Molson Canadian ... 1978 music festivals, 1978 in Canadian music, Clarington, Rock festivals in Canada, Music festivals in Ontario, Music festivals ... Canada Jam was the second of three major music festivals held at Mosport between 1970 and 1980. The other two were the ...
"Univision Canada announces new Spanish language TV lineup". Canada Newswire, September 11, 2014. "Univision Canada readies new ... Univision Canada is a Canadian Spanish language specialty channel owned by TLN Media Group, in partnership with ... The channel officially switched over to Univision Canada on May 5, 2014. On May 31, 2016, Univision Canada launched on Cogeco. ... to Canada ¡Arriba! ¡Arriba! Univision Canada TV Channel Launches Today Cogeco Brings Telelatino Network TV Channels to Half ...
Judo in Canada List of Canadian judoka "The History of Judo". Judo Canada Website. Archived from the original on 4 September ... Gloucester, Ontario: Judo Canada. ISBN 1894165004. Official history of Judo in Canada that includes a history of Judo Canada as ... Official website List of provincial and territorial Judo associations (Judo Canada) Judo Canada Hall of Fame (Judo Canada) v t ... Judo Canada, formerly known as The Canadian Kodokan Black Belt Association, is the non-profit national governing body of the ...
"Senator Bud Canada Was a Leader in Tax Relief for Ordinary People". 2009-12-28. Retrieved 2019-01-29. Brantley, ... Bud Canada (June 6, 1925 - December 21, 2009) was an American politician who served in the Arkansas House of Representatives ... Max (2009-12-21). "Bud Canada dies at 84". Retrieved 2019-01-29. v t e (Articles with short description, Short ...
... is a sharp peak rising to 1,350 metres (4,430 ft) on the west side of Canada Glacier where it spills into Taylor ... It was named by the New Zealand Geographic Board in 1998, in association with Canada Glacier. This article incorporates public ... domain material from "Canada Peak". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. v t e (Articles with ...
... is a Canadian nature television series which aired on CBC Television in 1967. Each episode featured two films ... Corcelli, John (June 2005). "Canada Outdoors". Canadian Communications Foundation. Retrieved 7 May 2010. Allan, Blaine (1996 ... 1967 Canadian television series debuts, 1971 Canadian television series endings). ... "Canada Outdoors". Queen's University. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2010. (Articles with ...
Higher education in Canada, Types of university or college, Universities and colleges in Canada, Vocational education in Canada ... Examples of such include the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada. The Royal Military College of Canada is a ... Lower Canada College, Ridley College, St. Andrew's College, Trinity College School, and Upper Canada College. Public secular ... Canadians, on the other hand, use the term university to mean the pursuit of undergraduate and graduate post-secondary studies ...
... is a Canadian organization run by hackers and phreakers that provides information mainly about telephones, computer ... 1998 establishments in Canada, Organizations established in 1998, All stub articles, Telecommunications stubs, Canadian ...
"Roots Canada FY 2019 Annual Report" (PDF). Roots Canada. Retrieved 2021-03-01. Company Fact Sheet Friend, David (26 October ... "Spreading its Roots in Asia". Retrieved 2015-09-16. "ROOTS CANADA celebrates their 40th anniversary book - Vancity ... Clothing retailers of Canada, Clothing companies established in 1973, Clothing brands of Canada, Companies based in Toronto, ... By the end of 1980, with the closing of many stores in the U.S. and Europe, Roots began to expand in Canada. The expansion ...
KML file (edit • help) Template:Attached KML/Canada Line KML is from Wikidata The Canada Line website Canada Line - TransLink's ... The Canadian Union of Public Employees opposed the use of a P3 to design, build, and operate the Canada Line. The P3 process ... The Canada Line is a rapid transit line in Greater Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, that is part of the SkyTrain system. ... Canada Line attendants are the customer service staff for the Canada Line. They are easily identifiable by their green uniforms ...
Russian-Canadian culture, RTVI, All stub articles, Canadian television station stubs). ... Digital cable television networks in Canada, Multicultural and ethnic television in Canada, Television channels and stations ... RTVi is a Canadian exempt Category B Russian language specialty channel owned by Ethnic Channels Group (ECG). It broadcasts ... 2004-2017 2017-present In September 2003, ECG was granted approval from the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications ...
Blog: The Canadian Obesity Network Is Now Obesity Canada, 26 June 2018. The Canadian Obesity Network Is Now Obesity Canada. ... Obesity Canada - Obésité Canada (OC), formerly known as the Canadian Obesity Network - Réseau canadien en obésité (CON-RCO), is ... Obesity Canada has hosted the Canadian Obesity Summit biannually since 2009. It is Canada's only multidisciplinary all-obesity ... Obesity Canada. Retrieved July 5, 2018. "Best Weight (Guidebook For Health Professionals)". Obesity Canada. Obesity Canada. ...
Basketball is the fastest growing sport in Canada, and attracts many young Canadians from all backgrounds. In May 2012, Canada ... Canada Basketball Celebrate Fastest Growing Sport In Canada". Toronto Raptors. "Canada Basketball , TRIANO GHERARDINI SHIELDS ... Canada Basketball is the governing body for basketball in Canada. Headquartered in Toronto, Ontario, the federation is a full ... The Council Of Excellence is designed to strengthen the game of basketball in Canada as to propel Canadian Basketball back to ...
... is the national governing body for the sport of rugby union in Canada. Rugby Canada was incorporated in 1974, and ... Rugby Canada administers the Canada national rugby union team and sanctions the Rugby Canada National Junior Championship, a ... Canada continues to climb the world rankings.[as of?] National teams Canada national rugby union team Canada women's national ... it adopted its current name of Football Canada in 1986. The Rugby Union of Canada, re-formed in 1965 as the Canadian Rugby ...
"Warbler, Canada". Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). Government of Canada. November 11, 2011. ... "Canada warbler media". Internet Bird Collection. Canada warbler Species Account - Cornell Lab of Ornithology Canada warbler - ... The Canada warbler is protected at the federal level in both Canada and the United States. John James Audubon illustrates the ... During the breeding season 82% of the population can be found in Canada and 18% in the United States. In Canada, the summer ...
... was a Canadian exempt Category B Urdu language specialty channel that was owned by TVOne Canada Broadcasting Inc. ... Digital cable television networks in Canada, Defunct television networks in Canada, Pakistani-Canadian culture, Television ... TVOne Canada officially launched on September 14, 2010 on Rogers Cable. In March 2013, TVOne launched on Bell Fibe TV. In 2014 ... It broadcast programming from TVOne Global, a popular television channel from Pakistan and Canadian content. It featured ...
Burgess planned to make Canada to be the largest sailing ship ever built in Canada, but damage, during harvesting, to a timber ... 274-275 Record of Canada Shipping, Frederick William Wallace, (Toronto: Musson Books) p. 47 "Tall Ships of Atlantic Canada", ... Tall ships of Canada, Individual sailing vessels, Ships built in Nova Scotia, Victorian-era merchant ships of Canada, Sailing ... the ship Canada still claimed the honour of being the largest sailing ship under the Canadian flag at the time of her launch. ...
... the CNF changed its name to simply Nature Canada. Nature Canada's work focuses on: Protected Areas - Canada made a promise to ... Nature Canada. Retrieved September 25, 2017. "About Us". Nature Canada. Retrieved September 25, 2017. "History". Nature Canada ... Nature Canada traces its roots back to September 30, 1939, when Reginald Whittemore launched the magazine Canadian Nature in ... Nature Canada formerly published a magazine, Canadian Nature, however it discontinued publication in 2004, after 65 years. The ...
Bobby Gimby: Officer of the Order of Canada". Governor General of Canada. "Ca-na-da" at the Expo 67 website 1967: CANADA MUSIC ... "Laurie Bower". The Canadian Encyclopedia. January 25, 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2019. "Canada (song)". The Canadian ... Music portal Canada portal Anthems and nationalistic songs of Canada A Place to Stand, A Place to Grow Randy Ray; Mark Kearney ... SCORE: A centennial song v t e (Use mdy dates from May 2012, 1967 in Canadian music, Canadian patriotic songs, Canadian ...
... on behalf of the Canadian advocacy group Environmental Defence Canada, asked Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), ... Ecojustice Canada (formerly Sierra Legal Defence Fund prior to September 2007), is a Canadian non-profit environmental law ... Environment Canada-now known as Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC)-had undertaken an investigation in September 2015 ... Canada: Supreme Court Of Canada Allows Redwater Appeal: Regulator Entitled To Super-Priority For Abandonment And Reclamation ...
"Greyhound Canada Closes its Services in Canada". May 13, 2021. Archived from the original on May 13, 2021. "Fleet of Greyhound ... "Greyhound Canada Closes its Services in Canada". May 13, 2021. " -". Retrieved ... In March 2021, Greyhound Canada permanently suspended operation in all of Canada, with the exceptions of the following cross- ... "Greyhound set to resume bus service to Canada as U.S. border reopens". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 27, 2021. "' ...

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