A species of CAMPYLOBACTER isolated from DOGS; CATS; and humans.
A genus of bacteria found in the reproductive organs, intestinal tract, and oral cavity of animals and man. Some species are pathogenic.
Infections with bacteria of the genus CAMPYLOBACTER.
A species of bacteria that resemble small tightly coiled spirals. Its organisms are known to cause abortion in sheep and fever and enteritis in man and may be associated with enteric diseases of calves, lambs, and other animals.
A species of thermophilic CAMPYLOBACTER found in healthy seagulls and causing ENTERITIS in humans.
A species of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from the intestinal tract of swine, poultry, and man. It may be pathogenic.
Any type of abortion, induced or spontaneous, that is associated with infection of the UTERUS and its appendages. It is characterized by FEVER, uterine tenderness, and foul discharge.
A species of bacteria present in man and many kinds of animals and birds, often causing infertility and/or abortion.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.
A genus of gram-negative, aerotolerant, spiral-shaped bacteria isolated from water and associated with diarrhea in humans and animals.
A species of CAMPYLOBACTER comprised of three biovars based on their reaction to CATALASE and UREASE. They have been isolated from humans, CATTLE, and SHEEP.
Semisynthetic broad-spectrum cephalosporin with a tetrazolyl moiety that is resistant to beta-lactamase. It has been proposed especially against Pseudomonas infections.
Events, characteristics, or other definable entities that have the potential to bring about a change in a health condition or other defined outcome.
Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Animals which have become adapted through breeding in captivity to a life intimately associated with humans. They include animals domesticated by humans to live and breed in a tame condition on farms or ranches for economic reasons, including LIVESTOCK (specifically CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; etc.), POULTRY; and those raised or kept for pleasure and companionship, e.g., PETS; or specifically DOGS; CATS; etc.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
Inflammation of any segment of the SMALL INTESTINE.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Procedures for identifying types and strains of bacteria. The most frequently employed typing systems are BACTERIOPHAGE TYPING and SEROTYPING as well as bacteriocin typing and biotyping.
Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.
Diseases of birds which are raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption and are usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc. The concept is differentiated from BIRD DISEASES which is for diseases of birds not considered poultry and usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild.
Glycopeptide antibiotic complex from Actinoplanes teichomyceticus active against gram-positive bacteria. It consists of five major components each with a different fatty acid moiety.
Process of determining and distinguishing species of bacteria or viruses based on antigens they share.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.
A species of CAMPYLOBACTER isolated from cases of human PERIODONTITIS. It is a microaerophile, capable of respiring with OXYGEN.
Diseases of non-human animals that may be transmitted to HUMANS or may be transmitted from humans to non-human animals.
A protein with a molecular weight of 40,000 isolated from bacterial flagella. At appropriate pH and salt concentration, three flagellin monomers can spontaneously reaggregate to form structures which appear identical to intact flagella.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
An acute inflammatory autoimmune neuritis caused by T cell- mediated cellular immune response directed towards peripheral myelin. Demyelination occurs in peripheral nerves and nerve roots. The process is often preceded by a viral or bacterial infection, surgery, immunization, lymphoma, or exposure to toxins. Common clinical manifestations include progressive weakness, loss of sensation, and loss of deep tendon reflexes. Weakness of respiratory muscles and autonomic dysfunction may occur. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1312-1314)

High-resolution genotyping of Campylobacter upsaliensis strains originating from three continents. (1/3)

Ninety-six Campylobacter upsaliensis strains that originated from Australia, Canada, and Europe (Germany) and that were isolated from humans, dogs, and cats were serotyped for their heat-stable surface antigens. All of them were genotyped by enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus sequence PCR (ERIC-PCR) profiling, and 83 strains were genotyped by macrorestriction analysis with the endonuclease XhoI. Eighty-four percent of the strains belonged to five different serotypes (serotypes OI, OII, OIII, OIV, and OVI), with the proportions of strains in each serotype being comparable among the groups of strains from all three continents. Two serotypes, OIII and OIV, were prevalent at rates of 35 to 40%. Serotypes OI, OII, and OVI were detected at rates of 1.5 to 15%. Between 10 and 17.7% of the strains did not react with the available antisera. Analysis of the ERIC-PCR profiles revealed two distinct genotypic clusters, which represented the German and the non-European strains, respectively. XhoI macrorestriction yielded two genotypic clusters; one of them contained 80.2% of the German strains and 34.6% of the non-European strains, and the second cluster consisted of 65.4% of the non-European strains and 19.8% of the German strains. Fourteen strains from all three continents were analyzed for their 16S rRNA gene sequences. Only two minor variations were detected in four of the strains. In conclusion, C. upsaliensis has undergone diverging processes of genome arrangement on different continents during evolution without segregating into different subspecies.  (+info)

Speciation of Campylobacter coli, C. jejuni, C. helveticus, C. lari, C. sputorum, and C. upsaliensis by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry. (2/3)

Multiple strains of Campylobacter coli, C. jejuni, C. helveticus, C. lari, C. sputorum, and C. upsaliensis isolated from animal, clinical, or food samples have been analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). Whole bacterial cells were harvested from colonies or confluent growth on agar and transferred directly into solvent and then to a spot of dried 3-methoxy-4-hydroxycinnamic acid (matrix). Multiple ions in the 5,000- to 15,000-Da mass range were evident in spectra for each strain; one or two ions in the 9,500- to 11,000-Da range were consistently high intensity. "Species-identifying" biomarker ions (SIBIs) were evident from analyses of multiple reference strains for each of the six species, including the genome strains C. jejuni NCTC 11168 and C. jejuni RM1221. Strains grown on nine different combinations of media and atmospheres yielded SIBI masses within +/-5 Da with external instrument calibration. The highest-intensity C. jejuni SIBIs were cytosolic proteins, including GroES, HU/HCj, and RplL. Multiple intraspecies SIBIs, corresponding probably to nonsynonymous nucleotide polymorphisms, also provided some intraspecies strain differentiation. MALDI-TOF MS analysis of 75 additional Campylobacter strains isolated from humans, poultry, swine, dogs, and cats revealed (i) associations of SIBI type with source, (ii) strains previously speciated incorrectly, and (iii) "strains" composed of more than one species. MALDI-TOF MS provides an accurate, sensitive, and rapid method for identification of multiple Campylobacter species relevant to public health and food safety.  (+info)

Association of Campylobacter upsaliensis with persistent bloody diarrhea. (3/3)


Many patients and physicians have been inquiring about the latest treatment for Ulcerative Colitis (UC) with Abbott and Janssen having recently making Tumor Necrosing Factor (TNF) antagonists more readily available for the treatment of moderate to severe UC.. The incidence of UC has been increasing and there are now 2.2 to 14.3 cases per 100,000 per year with a prevalence of 37-246 cases per 100,000. UC can appear at any age equally in males or females but has a peak age of onset between 15 and 30 years. Symptoms include persistent bloody diarrhea, fever, weight loss, tenesmus, or abdominal pain. Extraintestinal complicating symptoms may include arthritis, sacroilitis, uveitis and episceritis, and pyoderma gangrenosum. Mild disease with 1-3 bowel movements (BM), rectal bleeding less than 50% of the time, and endoscopic findings of erythema, friability, and punctate ulcerations may be treated with mesalamine and /or suppositories. Moderate disease with 3-5 BMs, rectal bleeding with almost all ...
2008 (English)In: Statsvetare ifrågasätter: Uppsalamiljön vid tiden för professorsskiftet den 31 mars 2008 (Political Scientists Call in Question. The Uppsala Environment at the Time of the Changing of Professors, March 31, 2008), Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2008Chapter in book (Refereed) ...
The rumored OBailout for Irish banks failed to materialize dropping European stocks on their heads.. Meanwhile in China, talk of a rate hike crushed the animal spirits and pressured Asian markets lower.. Heres a look at the global carnage from CNNMoney:. ...
Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis, Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter lari and Campylobacter upsaliensis". ... Campylobacter upsaliensis is a gram negative bacteria in the Campylobacter genus. C. upsaliensis is found worldwide, and is a ... Campylobacter upsaliensis shares the characteristic appearance of other Campylobacter species: it is a curved to spiral, gram- ... C. upsaliensis is the second most common Campylobacter species isolated in humans with diarrhea (behind Campylobacter jejuni). ...
"Comparison of the Pathogenic Potential of Campylobacter jejuni, C. upsaliensis and C. helveticus and Limitations of Using ...
Campylobacter upsaliensis (enterocolitis) Campylobacter jejuni (enterocolitis) CDT-producing bacteria are often associated with ...
Campylobacter rectus MeSH B03.440.180.700 - Campylobacter sputorum MeSH B03.440.180.800 - Campylobacter upsaliensis MeSH ... Campylobacter rectus MeSH B03.660.150.100.740 - Campylobacter sputorum MeSH B03.660.150.100.850 - Campylobacter upsaliensis ... Campylobacter MeSH B03.660.150.100.100 - Campylobacter coli MeSH B03.660.150.100.220 - Campylobacter fetus MeSH B03.660.150.100 ... Campylobacter coli MeSH B03.440.180.325 - Campylobacter fetus MeSH B03.440.180.375 - Campylobacter hyointestinalis MeSH B03.440 ...
Regardless of where they are from, any puppies and dogs may carry Campylobacter germs. "Campylobacter infection: MedlinePlus ... This occurs only with infection of C. jejuni and C. upsaliensis. In patients with HIV, infections may be more frequent, may ... Campylobacter can spread through contact with dog feces. It usually does not spread from one person to another. However, ... "Campylobacter". Health Topics A TO Z. Retrieved 6 March 2011. "Diagnosis and Treatment". The CDC. 23 December 2019. Retrieved ...
The 2014 Ju-Jitsu World Championship were the 12th edition of the Ju-Jitsu World Championships, and were held in Paris, France from November 28 to November 30, 2014. 28.11.2014 - Men's and Women's Fighting System, Men's and Women's Jiu-Jitsu (ne-waza), Men's Duo System - Classic 29.11.2014 - Men's and Women's Fighting System, Men's and Women's Jiu-Jitsu (ne-waza), Women's Duo System - Classic 30.11.2014 - Men's Jiu-Jitsu (ne-waza), Mixed Duo System - Classic, Team event Vincent MATCZAK (2014-09-30). "4TH INVITAION TO WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP 2014" (PDF). Retrieved 2019-11-28.[dead link] Online results Official results (PDF) Mixed team event results (PDF) (All articles with dead external links, Articles with dead external links from April 2022, Ju-Jitsu World Championships, 2014 in French sport ...
Bolley L. "Bo" Johnson (born November 15, 1951) is an American politician from the state of Florida. A member of the Democratic Party, Johnson was a member of the Florida House of Representatives, and served as the Speaker of the Florida House of Representatives. Johnson is from Milton, Florida. His father and grandfather served as county commissioners for Santa Rosa County, Florida. Johnson graduated from Milton High School, and became the first member of his family to attend college. He received his bachelor's degree from Florida State University. Johnson volunteered for Mallory Horne when Horne served as the president of the Florida Senate. At the age of 22, Johnson met Lawton Chiles, then a member of the United States Senate, who hired him as a legislative aide in 1973. Johnson was elected to the Florida House of Representatives, representing the 4th district from November 7, 1978 to November 3, 1992. He also served the 1st district from November 3, 1992 to November 8, 1994. He became the ...
... may refer to: Don't Say No (Billy Squier album), a 1981 album by American rock singer Billy Squier, and its title track Don't Say No (Seohyun EP), a 2016 extended play by South Korean pop singer Seohyun, and its title track "Don't Say No" (Tom Tom Club song), from the 1988 album Boom Boom Chi Boom Boom "Don't Say No", by Robbie Williams from the 2005 album Intensive Care "Don't Say No Tonight", a 1985 single by Eugene Wilde This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Don't Say No. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article. (Disambiguation pages with short descriptions, Short description is different from Wikidata, All article disambiguation pages, All disambiguation pages, Disambiguation pages ...
The Dewoitine 37 was the first of a family of 1930s French-built monoplane fighter aircraft. The D.37 was a single-seat aircraft of conventional configuration. Its fixed landing gear used a tailskid. The open cockpit was located slightly aft of the parasol wing. The radial engine allowed for a comparatively wide fuselage and cockpit. Design of this machine was by SAF-Avions Dewoitine but owing to over work at that companies plant at the time, manufacture of the D.37/01 was transferred to Lioré et Olivier. They were high-wing monoplanes of all-metal construction with valve head blisters on their engine cowlings. The first prototype flew in October 1931. Flight testing resulted in the need for multiple revisions in both engine and airframe, so it was February 1934 before the second prototype flew. Its performance prompted the French government to order for 28 for the Armée de l'Air and Aéronavale. The Lithuanian government ordered 14 that remained in service with their Air Force until 1936, ...
The Noor-ul-Ain (Persian: نور العين, lit. 'the light of the eye') is one of the largest pink diamonds in the world, and the centre piece of the tiara of the same name. The diamond is believed to have been recovered from the mines of Golconda, Hyderabad in India. It was first in possession with the nizam Abul Hasan Qutb Shah, later it was given as a peace offering to the Mughal emperor Aurangazeb when he defeated him in a siege. It was brought into the Iranian Imperial collection after the Persian king Nader Shah Afshar looted Delhi in the 18th century.[citation needed] The Noor-ul-Ain is believed to have once formed part of an even larger gem called the Great Table diamond. That larger diamond is thought to have been cut in two, with one section becoming the Noor-ul-Ain and the other the Daria-i-Noor diamond. Both of these pieces are currently part of the Iranian Crown Jewels. The Noor-ul-Ain is the principal diamond mounted in a tiara of the same name made for Iranian Empress Farah ...
The Benoist Land Tractor Type XII was one of the first enclosed cockpit, tractor configuration aircraft built. Benoist used "Model XII" to several aircraft that shared the same basic engine and wing design, but differed in fuselage and control surfaces. The Type XII was a tractor-engined conversion of the model XII headless pusher aircraft that resembled the Curtiss pusher aircraft. Demonstration pilots used Benoist aircraft to demonstrate the first parachute jumps, and the tractor configuration was considered much more suitable for the task. The first example named the "Military Plane" had a small box frame covered fuselage that left the occupants mostly exposed to the wind. The later model XII "Cross Country Plane" had a full fuselage that occupants sat inside of. The first tractor biplane used a wooden fuselage with a small seat on top. The wings were covered with a Goodyear rubberized cloth. The first model XII was built in the spring of 1912. On 1 March 1912, Albert Berry used a headless ...
... (also known as Yalmotx in Qʼanjobʼal) is a town, with a population of 17,166 (2018 census), and a municipality in the Guatemalan department of Huehuetenango. It is situated at 1450 metres above sea level. It covers a terrain of 1,174 km². The annual festival is April 29-May 4. Barillas has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with heavy to very heavy rainfall year-round and extremely heavy rainfall from June to August. Citypopulation.de Population of departments and municipalities in Guatemala Citypopulation.de Population of cities & towns in Guatemala "Climate: Barillas". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved July 26, 2020. Muni in Spanish Website of Santa Cruz Barillas Coordinates: 15°48′05″N 91°18′45″W / 15.8014°N 91.3125°W / 15.8014; -91.3125 v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Q'anjob'al-language text, Coordinates on Wikidata, ...
Maria Margaret La Primaudaye Pollen (10 April 1838 - c. 1919), known as Minnie, was a decorative arts collector. As Mrs John Hungerford Pollen, she became known during the early-twentieth century as an authority on the history of textiles, publishing Seven Centuries of Lace in 1908. Maria Margaret La Primaudaye was born into a Huguenot family on 10 April 1838, the third child of the Revd Charles John La Primaudaye, a descendant of Pierre de La Primaudaye. She was educated in Italy. Her family converted to Catholicism in 1851, and it was in Rome that her father met another recent English convert, John Hungerford Pollen, previously an Anglican priest and a decorative artist. She became engaged to Pollen, who was then seventeen years her senior, in the summer of 1854, and was married in the church of Woodchester monastery, near Stroud, Gloucester, on 18 September 1855. The Pollens initially settled in Dublin, where John Hungerford Pollen had been offered the professorship of fine arts at the ...
Ronald Robert Fogleman (born January 27, 1942) is a retired United States Air Force general who served as the 15th Chief of Staff of the Air Force from 1994 to 1997 and as Commanding General of the United States Transportation Command from 1992 to 1994. A 1963 graduate from the United States Air Force Academy, he holds a master's degree in military history and political science from Duke University. A command pilot and a parachutist, he amassed more than 6,800 flying hours in fighter, transport, tanker and rotary wing aircraft. He flew 315 combat missions and logged 806 hours of combat flying in fighter aircraft. Eighty of his missions during the Vietnam War were as a "Misty FAC" in the F-100F Super Sabre at Phù Cát Air Base, South Vietnam between 25 December 1968 and 23 April 1969. Fogleman was shot down in Vietnam in 1968, while piloting an F-100. He was rescued by clinging to an AH-1 Cobra attack helicopter that landed at the crash site. In early assignments he instructed student pilots, ...
Peachtree Street" is a 1950 song co-written and recorded by Frank Sinatra in a duet with Rosemary Clooney. The song was released as a Columbia Records single. Frank Sinatra co-wrote the song with Leni Mason and Jimmy Saunders. Mason composed the music while Sinatra and Saunders wrote the lyrics. The song was arranged by George Siravo The song was released as an A side Columbia 10" 78 single, Catalog Number 38853, Matrix Number CO-43100-1 and as a 7" 33, 1-669. The B side was the re-issued "This Is the Night." Neither of the songs charted. The subject of the song is a stroll down the street in Atlanta, Georgia of the same name. Sinatra originally intended Dinah Shore to sing the duet with him. When Shore declined, Clooney was asked. The song was recorded on April 8, 1950. The song features spoken asides by Sinatra and Clooney. Rosemary Clooney asks: "Say, Frank, you wanna take a walk?" Frank Sinatra replies: "Sure, sweetie, just pick a street." He noted how there were no peach trees on the ...
... is a painting by American illustrator Norman Rockwell that depicts a Boy Scout in full uniform standing in front of a waving American flag. It was originally created by Rockwell in 1942 for the 1944 Brown & Bigelow Boy Scout Calendar. The model, Bob Hamilton, won a contest to be in the painting and personally delivered a print to the Vice President of the United States at the time, Henry A. Wallace. The painting was created to encourage Scouts to participate in the war effort during World War II. The name of the painting, We, Too, Have a Job to Do, comes from a slogan that the Boy Scouts of America used in 1942 to rally scouts to support the troops by collecting metal and planting victory gardens. The model, Bob Hamilton, won a contest with his local council in Albany, New York, to be depicted in the painting. He traveled to Rockwell's studio in Arlington, Vermont, to model for Rockwell. Since Hamilton was a scout, the uniform shown in the painting was his, unlike some ...
At least 33[failed verification] people were killed by a fuel tanker explosion in Tleil, Akkar District, Lebanon on 15 August 2021. The disaster was reportedly exacerbated by the ongoing Lebanese liquidity crisis; in which the Lebanese pound has plummeted and fuel has been in short supply. The survivors were evacuated by the Lebanese Red Cross. An investigation is underway. The fuel tanker had been confiscated by the Lebanese Armed Forces from black marketeers, the fuel was then distributed/taken by the locals. The son of the man whose land the fuel tanker was located on, was later arrested, accused of deliberately causing the explosion. Agencies (2021-08-15). "At least 20 killed and 79 injured in fuel tank explosion in Lebanon". the Guardian. Retrieved 2021-08-15. "Lebanon fuel explosion kills 22 and injures dozens more". The Independent. 2021-08-15. Archived from the original on 2021-08-15. Retrieved 2021-08-15. "Lebanon: At least 20 dead and dozens injured after fuel tank explodes as ...
The Straubing Tigers are a professional men's ice hockey team, based in Straubing, Germany, that competes in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga. Straubing plays its home games at the Eisstadion am Pulverturm, which has a capacity of 5,800 spectators. Promoted to the DEL in 2006, and operating with one of the league's smallest budgets, the team could finish no better than twelfth before the 2011-12 DEL season, when it reached the semi-finals of the playoffs. Their greatest success so far is the qualification for the season 2020-21 of the Champions Hockey League. In 1941, the then 14-year-old Max Pielmaier and his friends Max Pellkofer and Harry Poiger founded the first hockey team in Straubing. The first official game took place on the first of February 1942 in Hof and was lost by a score of 0:1. In the following year there were several games against other Bavarian teams. The game against Landshut on 31 January. 1943 was the last game during the second World War, because the young players also had to ...
Leina is a village in Saaremaa Parish, Saare County in western Estonia. Before the administrative reform in 2017, the village was in Pihtla Parish. "Lisa. Asustusüksuste nimistu" (PDF). haldusreform.fin.ee (in Estonian). Rahandusministeerium. Retrieved 5 December 2017. "Saaremaa külad endiste valdade piires". www.saaremaa.ee (in Estonian). Archived from the original on 3 December 2017. Retrieved 5 December 2017. Coordinates: 58°17′10″N 22°46′26″E / 58.28611°N 22.77389°E / 58.28611; 22.77389 v t e (CS1 Estonian-language sources (et), Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with no map, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Saaremaa Parish, Coordinates on Wikidata, Villages in Saare County, All stub articles, Saare County geography stubs ...
A sestiere (plural: sestieri) is a subdivision of certain Italian towns and cities. The word is from sesto ('sixth'), so it is thus used only for towns divided into six districts. The best-known example is the sestieri of Venice, but Ascoli Piceno, Genoa, Milan and Rapallo, for example, were also divided into sestieri. The medieval Lordship of Negroponte, on the island of Euboea, was also at times divided into six districts, each with a separate ruler, through the arbitration of Venice, which were known as sestieri. The island of Crete, a Venetian colony (the "Kingdom of Candia") from the Fourth Crusade, was also divided into six parts, named after the sestieri of Venice herself, while the capital Candia retained the status of a comune of Venice. The island of Burano north of Venice is also subdivided into sestieri. A variation of the word is occasionally found: the comune of Leonessa, for example, is divided into sesti or sixths. Other Italian towns with fewer than six official districts are ...
The Island Image is a Chesapeake Bay log canoe, built in 1885 at Elliot's Island, Maryland, by Herman Jones and Isaac Moore. She is 29'-8½" long with a beam of 5-10¼", and has a straight, raking stem and a sharp stern. It is privately owned, and races under No. 17. She one of the last 22 surviving traditional Chesapeake Bay racing log canoes that carry on a tradition of racing on the Eastern Shore of Maryland that has existed since the 1840s. She is located at Chestertown, Kent County, Maryland. She was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008. "Maryland Historical Trust". ISLAND IMAGE (log canoe). Maryland Historical Trust. 2008-06-14. "Island Image #17 , CBLCSA". Island Image. Chesapeake Bay Log Sailing Canoe Association. 2010-07-24. Archived from the original on 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2010-07-29. ISLAND IMAGE (log canoe), Kent County, including photo in 1984, ...
... (Persian: دهستان بردخون) is a rural district (dehestan) in the Bord Khun District of Deyr County, Bushehr Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 1,115, in 234 families. The rural district has 14 villages. "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. Coordinates: 27°58′N 51°32′E / 27.967°N 51.533°E / 27.967; 51.533 v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with no map, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Persian-language text, Coordinates on Wikidata, Rural Districts of Bushehr Province, Deyr County, All stub articles, Deyr County geography stubs ...
... is a disease of camels caused by the camelpox virus (CMPV) of the family Poxviridae, subfamily Chordopoxvirinae, and the genus Orthopoxvirus. It causes skin lesions and a generalized infection. Approximately 25% of young camels that become infected will die from the disease, while infection in older camels is generally more mild. Although rare, the infection may spread to the hands of those that work closely with camels. The camelpox virus that causes camelpox is an orthopoxvirus that is very closely related to the variola virus that causes smallpox. It is a large, brick-shaped, enveloped virus that ranges in size from 265-295 nm. The viral genetic material is contained in a linear double-stranded DNA consisting of 202,182 tightly packed base pairs. The DNA is encased in the viral core. Two lateral bodies are found outside the viral core, and are believed to hold the enzymes required for viral reproduction. The camelpox virus most often affects members of family Camelidae. However, ...
... s (/ˈfɛzənt/ FEH-zənt) are birds of several genera within the family Phasianidae in the order Galliformes. Although they can be found all over the world in introduced (and captive) populations, the pheasant genera native range is restricted to Eurasia. The classification "pheasant" is paraphyletic, as birds referred to as pheasants are included within both the subfamilies Phasianinae and Pavoninae, and in many cases are more closely related to smaller phasianids, grouse, and turkey (formerly classified in Perdicinae, Tetraoninae, and Meleagridinae) than to other pheasants. Pheasants are characterised by strong sexual dimorphism, males being highly decorated with bright colours and adornments such as wattles. Males are usually larger than females and have longer tails. Males play no part in rearing the young. A pheasants call or cry can be recognised due to the fact it sounds like a rusty sink or valve being turned. Pheasants eat mostly seeds, grains, roots, and berries, while in the ...
Paul S. Mischel (born July 13, 1962) is an American physician-scientist whose laboratory has made pioneering discoveries in the pathogenesis of human cancer. He is currently a Professor and Vice Chair of Research for the Department of Pathology and Institute Scholar of ChEM-H, Stanford University. Mischel was elected into the American Society for Clinical Investigation (ASCI), serving as ASCI president in 2010/11. He was inducted into the Association of American Physicians, and was elected as a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Mischel was born on July 13, 1962. After losing his father to cancer, he became committed to a career in cancer research. He attended the University of Pennsylvania and received his M.D. from Cornell University Medical College in 1991, graduating Alpha Omega Alpha. Mischel completed residency training in Anatomic Pathology and Neuropathology at UCLA, followed by post-doctoral research training with Louis Reichardt at HHMI-UCSF. Mischel ...
... is a moth of the family Sphingidae. It is known from highland forest in central Kenya and also in Zimbabwe. The length of the forewings is about 24 mm for males and 26 mm for females. It is similar to Temnora griseata griseata but the upperside of the head has a dark brown median longitudinal crest, the forewing apex and tornus are more acute and the outer margin is more deeply excavated below the apex. The forewing upperside ground colour is dark brown and the pattern of transverse lines is more contrasted. Temnora subapicalis subapicalis Temnora subapicalis hayesi Darge, 1975 (Rwanda) "CATE Creating a Taxonomic eScience - Sphingidae". Cate-sphingidae.org. Retrieved 2011-10-25.[permanent dead link] Carcasson, R. H. (1967). "Revised Catalogue of the African Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) with Descriptions of the East African species". Journal of the East Africa Natural History Society and National Museum. 26 (3): 1-173 - via Biodiversity Heritage Library. v t e (All articles with ...
... is a name under which singer-songwriter Dan Michaelson records and performs. They have previously stated that they are inspired by Leonard Cohen, Johnny Cash, Etta James and Dusty Springfield. Following the release of Blindspot in 2013 and Sudden Fiction in 2011, the band released Distance in August 2014. Memory was released in May 2016. Albums Singles Simpson, Dave (5 May 2016). "Dan Michaelson and the Coastguards: Memory review - magical, melancholy songs". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 21 October 2020. Dan Michaelson and The Coastguards official site Dan Michaelson and The Coastguards myspace page The state51 Conspiracy official site Official YouTube (Use dmy dates from June 2020, Use British English from June 2016, Articles needing additional references from October 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with hCards, Pages using infobox musical artist with associated acts, Articles with ISNI identifiers, Articles with MusicBrainz ...
The Edmonton Drillers were a North American Soccer League team that played both outdoors and indoors from 1979 to 1982, at the peak of the league's success. The team was brought to Edmonton by local entrepreneur and Edmonton Oilers owner Peter Pocklington, after witnessing the strong support for Brian Rice's Edmonton Black Gold team in 1978. Previous to playing in Edmonton, the team was known as the Oakland Stompers, Hartford Bicentennials and Connecticut Bicentennials. Joe Petrone was the Drillers general manager for their entire existence. The Drillers were coached in 1979 and 1980 by Hans Kraay, who brought a number of players with him from the Netherlands. After Kraay, Timo Liekoski took over as coach in 1981, while Patrone would serve as the team's final caretaker coach until the team folded at the end of the 1982 season. During the outdoor season, the Drillers played their home games at Commonwealth Stadium, but dwindling crowds during the final year saw the team move to much older and ...
... is a compilation album featuring songs from various artists in all genres of popular music. The songs were picked from among some of the most popular during the autumn of 2006 in Australia. The album was released on 26 March 2006. Mariah Carey - "Don't Forget About Us" (3:54) Chris Brown - "Run It!" (3:14) Gwen Stefani - "Luxurious" (4:26) TV Rock - "Flaunt It" (3:29) Rogue Traders - "Watching You" (3:29) Lee Harding - "Wasabi" (3:00) The Black Eyed Peas - "My Humps" (4:12) The Pussycat Dolls - "Stickwitu" (3:29) Sugababes - "Push the Button" (3:38) Kelly Clarkson - "Walk Away" (3:08) Rihanna - "If It's Lovin' that You Want" (3:28) Daddy Yankee - "Gasolina" (3:15) Nickelback - "Far Away" (3:59) Bernard Fanning - "Wish You Well" (2:31) Pete Murray - "Class A" (3:05) Shannon Noll - "Lift" (3:57) Lindsay Lohan - "Confessions of a Broken Heart (Daughter to Father)" (3:43) Kate DeAraugo - "Maybe Tonight" (3:38) Backstreet Boys - "I Still..." (3:49) Meck featuring Leo ...
Kızılpınar Atatürk is a neighborhood in Çerkezköy district of Tekirdağ Province, Turkey. At 41°16′N 27°58′E / 41.267°N 27.967°E / 41.267; 27.967 it is almost merged to Çerkezköy. Distance to Tekirdağ is about 55 kilometres (34 mi). The population of Kızılpınar Atatürk is 22,966 "Turkstat". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 4 February 2021. "Turkstat". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 4 February 2021. Tekirdağ Governor's Official Website Metropolitan Municipality of Tekirdağ District municipality's Official Website v t e (Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from March 2020, All articles needing additional references, Coordinates on Wikidata, AC with 0 elements, Populated places in Tekirdağ Province, Towns in Turkey, Çerkezköy District, Things named after Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, All stub articles, Marmara Region geography stubs ...
Campylobacter concisus is a human-pathogenic bacterium of the gastrointestinal tract. This study aimed at the contribution of ... Lindblom, G.B.; Sjogren, E.; Hansson-Westerberg, J.; Kaijser, B. Campylobacter upsaliensis, C. sputorum sputorum and C. ... and stimulation of proinflammatory cytokines by Campylobacter concisus and other non-Campylobacter jejuni Campylobacter species ... Man, S.M.; Zhang, L.; Day, A.S.; Leach, S.T.; Lemberg, D.A.; Mitchell, H. Campylobacter concisus and other Campylobacter ...
Characterization of Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter upsaliensis, and a novel Campylobacter sp. in a captive non‐human ...
In persons with compromised immune systems, Campylobacter occasionally spreads to the bloodstream and causes a serious life- ... Campylobacteriosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Campylobacter. Most people who become ill with ... Campylobacter jejuni. Less common species, such as C. coli, C. upsaliensis, C. fetus, and C. lari, can also infect people. ... Campylobacter infections increased by 12% in 2018 compared with 2015-2017. More Campylobacter infections are probably being ...
... upsaliensis ... A Microbial Biorealm page on the Campylobacter NCBI:. Taxonomy ... Campylobacter species are sensitive to salinity, freezing, and pH below five. Campylobacter has an optimal growth temperature ... are caused by a species of Campylobacter, C. jejuni . Once infected by Campylobacter, symptoms can include bloody diarrhea, ... Campylobacter. From MicrobeWiki, the student-edited microbiology resource. Revision as of 13:58, 14 August 2006 by BarichD. ( ...
Characterization of Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter upsaliensis, and a novel Campylobacter sp. in a captive non-human ...
Campylobacter upsaliensis (organism) Code System Concept Status. Published. Code System Preferred Concept Name. Campylobacter ...
Campylobacter upsaliensis - Preferred Concept UI. M0446479. Scope note. A species of CAMPYLOBACTER isolated from DOGS; CATS; ... A species of CAMPYLOBACTER isolated from DOGS; CATS; and humans.. Annotation:. infection: coord IM with CAMPYLOBACTER ... Campylobacter upsaliensis Spanish from Spain Descriptor. Campylobacter upsaliensis. Scope note:. Especie de CAMPYLOBACTER ... Campylobacter upsaliensis Descriptor French: Campylobacter upsaliensis Tree number(s):. B03.440.180.800. B03.660.150.235. ...
Campylobacter upsaliensis. Categories: Motile; notifiable diseases and bacteria. Etymology: Genus name: a curved rod. Species ... C. upsaliensis is closely related to C. helveticus and C. avium.. Legislation: In Sweden, human campylobacteriosis is ... Campylobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates.. Spec. Char.: Thermotolerant. Does not grow at 25°C, but at ... About 25 species have been described within in the genus Campylobacter and some of these are further divided into subspecies. ...
Campylobacter lari. 144. 1 562 000. L04316. 2020-11-05. Campylobacter upsaliensis. 110. L14628. 2022-09-26. ...
Campylobacter pool (jejuni, upsaliensis, coli). Candida tropicalis. C-REACTIVE PROTEIN. Clostridium difficile (toxin A/B). ...
WDCM 00074 Campylobacter upsaliensis CIP 111243. WDCM 00196 Escherichia coli CIP 53.126. WDCM 00195 Staphylococcus aureus CIP ... WDCM 00005 Campylobacter jejuni subsp. Jejuni NCTC 13367 WDCM 00196 Escherichia coli NCTC 12923 WDCM 00155 Escherichia coli ... WDCM 00004 Campylobacter coli NCTC 13638 WDCM 00180 Legionella pneumophila NCTC 11233 WDCM 00020 Listeria monocytogenes serovar ... WDCM 00156 Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni CIP 103778. WDCM 00114 Pseudomonas aeruginosa CIP 103837 WDCM 00180 Legionellla ...
A selective supplement for the isolation of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. An improved recovery of Campylobacter upsaliensis ... Campylobacter Selective Supplement (Butzler). SR0085. A selective supplement for the isolation of campylobacters at 35°C as ... Campylobacter Selective Supplement (Blaser-Wang). SR0098. A selective supplement for the isolation of campylobacters when used ... Preston Campylobacter Selective Supplement. SR0117. a selective medium for the isolation of campylobacters when used with ...
C. jejuni (commonest), C. coli, C. lari, C. upsaliensis and, rarely, other Campylobacter spp. ... Campylobacter Infection. 29. Chicken Pox/Herpes Zoster. 31. Cholera. 35. Cryptococcal Infection. 39. Cryptosporidiosis. 41. ... Campylobacter infections are now the most commonly notified cause of bacterial diarrhoea in Victoria. They occur worldwide and ... Campylobacter infection. Giardiasis. Hepatitis A. Hepatitis B. Hepatitis C. Hepatitis non-A non-B. Hepatitis (viral, ...
Adherence to lipids and intestinal mucin by a recently recognized human pathogen, Campylobacter upsaliensis. 1996. Sylvester et ... Campylobacter jejuni binds intestinal H(O) antigen (Fuc alpha 1, 2Gal beta 1,4GlcNAc), and fucosyloligosaccharides of human ... Immunological properties and ganglioside recognitions by Campylobacter jejuni-enterotoxin and cholera toxin.. 1994. Suzuki et ... N-Acetylneuraminyllactose-binding fibrillar hemagglutinin of Campylobacter pylori: a putative colonization factor antigen.. ...
Here we present the primary transcriptome of the pathogenic Epsilonproteobacterium Campylobacter jejuni, and have used this for ... and shows the subdivision of Campylobacter spp into thermophilic (C. jejuni to C. upsaliensis) and non-thermophilic species ( ... Members of the Campylobacteraceae (the genera Campylobacter, Sulfurospirillum (Sulfsp) and Arcobacter (Arcob)) are highlighted ... The best studied examples of the former category are the human pathogens Campylobacter jejuni and Helicobacter pylori, which ...
Campylobacter upsaliensis and C. jejuni were isolated from stools of one patient each with acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN ... upsaliensis and other campylobacters as agents of antecedent diarrhea in patients of GBS with different clinical presentations ... Campylobacter infection of the gastrointestinal tract has been observed as an antecedent illness in some patients with Guillain ... The patient with C. upsaliensis infection was a 7 year-old male child who developed features of AMAN, 7 days after onset of ...
Campylobacter infections are among the most common bacterial infections in humans. They produce both diarrheal and systemic ... Campylobacter upsaliensis may cause diarrhea or bacteremia, whereas Campylobacter hyointestinalis, which has biochemical ... Campylobacter cinaedi (sp. nov.) and Campylobacter fennelliae (sp. nov.): two new Campylobacter species associated with enteric ... Buss JE, Cresse M, Doyle S, Buchan BW, Craft DW, Young S. Campylobacter culture fails to correctly detect Campylobacter in 30% ...
... upsaliensis. Of the 90 samples, 10 were positive for Campylobacter species [‎11.1%]‎: 1 for C .coli, 1 for C. jejuni, 2 for ... Campylobacter species are a major cause of human diarrhoeal disease worldwide. In Lebanon, the true prevalence of Campylobacter ... Campylobacter species is frequently associated with childhood diarrhoea in north Lebanon but Campylobacter infection may be ... Dabboussi, F., Alam, S., Mallat, H., Hlais, S. & Hamze, M. (‎2012)‎. Preliminary study on the prevalence of Campylobacter in ...
Campylobacter upsaliensis patients were more likely female (OR = 1.6), Hispanic (OR = 1.6), have a blood isolate (OR = 2.8), ... we compared patients with Campylobacter jejuni with patients with infections caused by other Campylobacter species. ... Campylobacter coli patients were more often ,40 years of age (OR = 1.4), Asian (OR = 2.3), or Black (OR = 1.7), and more likely ... Campylobacter jejuni is a leading cause of enteric bacterial illness in the United States. Traditional molecular subtyping ...
Speciation of Campylobacter isolates by PCR allows distinction of the pathogenic C jejuni from the more common and probable ... commensal C upsaliensis. Some Escherichia coli are potential pathogens, but molecular techniques to identify genes encoding ... Potentially pathogenic bacteria (including Salmonella and Campylobacter) can be isolated by stool culture. However, isolation ...
Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli, C. lari, and C. upsaliensis. J Clin Microbiol. 1999;37:3370-3.PubMedGoogle Scholar ... Campylobacter jejuni: molecular biology and pathogenesis. Nat Rev Microbiol. 2007;5:665-79. DOIPubMedGoogle Scholar ... The genus Campylobacter: a decade of progress. Clin Microbiol Rev. 1988;1:157-72.PubMedGoogle Scholar ... Campylobacter jejuni-an emerging foodborne pathogen. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999;5:28-35.PubMedGoogle Scholar ...
It is known that dogs are an important reservoir for C. upsaliensis, a catalase-negative/catalase-weak Campylobacter species. ... Campylobacter screen. Test code: B0006 - Ultrasensitive qualitative screen for Campylobacter species by real time polymerase ... The major pathogens are Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter fetus. These pathogens are small, curved, motile, ... Campylobacter detection by PCR is not only rapid, sensitive and specific, but can also accurately subtype the bacteria.. ...
Campylobacter has been found to be the most common bacteria causing human gastroenteritis in the world. ... "Colony Multiplex PCR Assay for Identification and Differentiation of Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli, C. lari, C. upsaliensis, ... Campylobacter. Campylobacter species are paradoxical organisms; they are unable to multiply in food, in conditions below 30 °C ... "Campylobacter Carcass Contamination Throughout the Slaughter Process of Campylobacter-Positive Broiler Batches." Int J Food ...
Campylobacter Spp. epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibility in a developing country, Burkina Faso (West Africa) ... upsaliensis (3.5). However; 30.9of the isolates were unidentified. No resistant strain was found to gentamicin. The resistance ... Stool samples were analyzed for the presence of Campylobacter by the direct culture method on selective mCCDA agar followed by ... The isolation rate of Campylobacter was 2.3;comprising of the following species C. jejuni (51.8); C. coli (13.8); and C. ...
Population Genetics and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Canine Campylobacter Isolates Collected before and after a Raw Feeding ... Altogether 56% (20/36) of the dogs yielded at least oneCampylobacter-positive fecal sample.C.upsaliensiswas the major species ... Campylobacter jejuniis the leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in humans butC.upsaliensishas also been associated with ... The global genealogy of MLST types of dog and humanC.upsaliensisisolates revealed weakly clonal population structure as most ...
Campylobacter upsaliensis. *Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni. Recent blog posts. * New families within the order ... Campylobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates.. Spec. Char.: Thermotolerant, can grow at temperatures up to ... On charcoal-based media the campylobacter colonies are greyish to white with a metallic sheen. The colonies can be larger and ... About 25 species have been described within in the genus Campylobacter and some of these are further divided into subspecies. ...
  • Less common species, such as C. coli , C. upsaliensis , C. fetus , and C. lari , can also infect people. (cdc.gov)
  • Campylobacter lari, which is found in healthy seagulls, also has been reported to produce mild recurrent diarrhea in children. (medscape.com)
  • This assay detects but does not differentiate C. jejuni, C. coli, C. fetus, C. lari and other Campylobacter species. (zoologix.com)
  • Curian ® Campy is a rapid, qualitative fluorescent immunoassay for the direct detection of a Campylobacter -specific antigen including C. jejuni, C. coli , C. upsaliensis , and C. lari in human stool specimens. (aidian.dk)
  • Campylobacter Medium (Karmali) is based on the formulation described by Karmali et al and is recommended for the isolation of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli from clinical specimens. (analisisavanzados.com)
  • A polymerase chain reaction technique [‎PCR]‎ was used for each sample for the amplification of all Campylobacter species followed by 5 PCR reactions for the amplification of C. jejuni, C. hyointestinalis, C. coli, C. fetusand C. upsaliensis. (who.int)
  • Of the 90 samples, 10 were positive for Campylobacter species [‎11.1%]‎: 1 for C .coli, 1 for C. jejuni, 2 for both C. jejuni and C. coli, and 6 could not be identified to the species level with the available primers. (who.int)
  • Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli are food-borne pathogens of great importance and feature prominently in the etiology of developing world enteritis and travellers' diarrhoea. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli are food-borne zoonotic pathogens that play a major role in the etiology of human bacterial enterocolitis globally [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • CDC estimates that 1.5 million people in the United States become ill from Campylobacter infection every year. (cdc.gov)
  • Most people with Campylobacter infection recover completely within one week. (cdc.gov)
  • Campylobacter infection can result in long-term consequences, such as arthritis, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) . (cdc.gov)
  • Most cases of Campylobacter infection occur after someone eats raw or undercooked poultry or another food that has been contaminated by raw or undercooked poultry. (cdc.gov)
  • Outbreaks of Campylobacter infection are infrequently reported relative to the number of illnesses. (cdc.gov)
  • Anyone can become infected with Campylobacter but infection is more common in males, children younger than 5 years, and people 65 years and older. (cdc.gov)
  • FoodNet has tracked trends in Campylobacter infection since 1996. (cdc.gov)
  • A Campylobacter infection typically can last up to seven days (MEdIC, 2004). (kenyon.edu)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Guillain-Barre syndrome and Campylobacter infection. (who.int)
  • The patient with C. upsaliensis infection was a 7 year-old male child who developed features of AMAN, 7 days after onset of diarrhea. (who.int)
  • Most reported bacteremias have been due to Campylobacter fetus infection. (medscape.com)
  • Symptoms of Campylobacter infection begin after an incubation period of up to a week. (medscape.com)
  • The Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) conducts population-based surveillance for Campylobacter infection. (cdc.gov)
  • Campylobacter upsaliensis patients were more likely female (OR = 1.6), Hispanic (OR = 1.6), have a blood isolate (OR = 2.8), and have an infection in autumn or winter (OR = 1.7). (cdc.gov)
  • In persons with compromised immune systems, Campylobacter can occasionally spread to the bloodstream and causes a serious life-threatening infection. (zoologix.com)
  • Although rare, long-term consequences can result from a Campylobacter infection. (zoologix.com)
  • Although bacterial isolation can be used to diagnose Campylobacter infection, a long incubation period is required to obtain results. (zoologix.com)
  • 5 ] This obviously poses a high risk for public health, because infection with antimicrobial-resistant Campylobacter may lead to suboptimal outcomes of antimicrobial treatments or even treatment failure in immunocompromised people. (food-safety.com)
  • Source-attribution studies, outbreak investigations and case-control reports all incriminate poultry as a major source of the foodborne transmission of Campylobacter infection. (food-safety.com)
  • Campylobacter is a gram-negative, microaerophilic genus of bacteria of the family Campylobacteriacae . (cdc.gov)
  • Campylobacter jejuni grows best at 37°C to 42°C and seems to be well-adapted to birds, which have an approximate body temperature of 41°C to 42°C and can carry the bacteria without becoming ill. (cdc.gov)
  • Freezing reduces the number of Campylobacter bacteria on raw meat. (cdc.gov)
  • Campylobacter bacteria causes more disease a year than Shigella and Salmonella combined (FDA 2003). (kenyon.edu)
  • Campylobacter detection by PCR is not only rapid, sensitive and specific, but can also accurately subtype the bacteria. (zoologix.com)
  • The first report concerning Campylobacter was written in 1886 by Theodor Escherich, describing nonculturable, spiral-shaped bacteria. (food-safety.com)
  • Today, Campylobacter has been found to be the most common bacteria causing human gastroenteritis in the world. (food-safety.com)
  • The National Antimicrobial Monitoring System (NARMS ) monitors antimicrobial susceptibility to a range of antibiotics for a convenience sample of Campylobacter isolates from people. (cdc.gov)
  • Olkkola S, Kovanen S, Roine J, Hänninen ML, Hielm-Björkman A, Kivistö R. Population Genetics and Antimicrobial Susceptibility of Canine Campylobacter Isolates Collected before and after a Raw Feeding Experiment. (petfoodstudies.com)
  • The global genealogy of MLST types of dog and human C . upsaliensis isolates revealed weakly clonal population structure as most STs were widely dispersed. (petfoodstudies.com)
  • Campylobacter stool isolates were tested for susceptibilities to ciprofloxacin, azithromycin and erythromycin. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Campylobacter infections have been tracked passively through the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (NNDSS) since 1993 and actively since 2015 when these infections became nationally notifiable. (cdc.gov)
  • FoodNet has conducted active surveillance for Campylobacter infections in sentinel sites since 1996. (cdc.gov)
  • Campylobacter infections increased by 12% in 2018 compared with 2015-2017. (cdc.gov)
  • Campylobacter, a curved and motile rod, is often flagellated and causes bacterial infections in the body (FDA, 2003). (kenyon.edu)
  • In Lebanon, the true prevalence of Campylobacter infections and the species distribution in childhood diarrhoea are not known. (who.int)
  • Campylobacter infections are among the most common bacterial infections in humans. (medscape.com)
  • In industrialized regions, enteric Campylobacter infections produce an inflammatory, sometimes bloody, diarrhea or dysentery syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • Infections with Campylobacter -like organisms can produce an enterocolitis/proctocolitis syndrome in homosexual males, who are at increased risk for Helicobacter cinaedi and Helicobacter fennelliae infections. (medscape.com)
  • Chickens may account for 50% to 70% of human Campylobacter infections. (medscape.com)
  • Conditions in which acid secretion is blocked, for example, by antacid treatment or disease, predispose patients to Campylobacter infections. (medscape.com)
  • Comparison of Molecular Subtyping and Antimicrobial Resistance Detection Methods Used in a Large Multi-State Outbreak of Extensively Drug-Resistant Campylobacter jejuni Infections Linked to Pet Store Puppies. (cdc.gov)
  • For 2010 through 2015, we compared patients with Campylobacter jejuni with patients with infections caused by other Campylobacter species. (cdc.gov)
  • About 25 species have been described within in the genus Campylobacter and some of these are further divided into subspecies. (vetbact.org)
  • There are 18 species and subspecies within the genus Campylobacter , 11 of which are considered pathogenic to humans, causing enteric and extra-intestinal illnesses. (zoologix.com)
  • However, due to its microaerophilic growth requirements and nonfermentative metabolism, in 1963, the genus Campylobacter was for the first time proposed as distinct from Vibrio spp. (food-safety.com)
  • nov., and emended description of the genus Campylobacter . (dsmz.de)
  • This study in 2010 investigated the prevalence of Campylobacter species and its possible etiologic role in childhood diarrhoea in north Lebanon. (who.int)
  • In this study we investigated the effect of different feeding strategies on the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. (petfoodstudies.com)
  • Increasing antimicrobial resistant Campylobacter prevalence has been described globally, yet data from Peru is limited. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Campylobacter is a Gram-negative pathogen. (kenyon.edu)
  • C. jejuni is the most commonly found species of Campylobacter , which is an pathogen that invades the lining of the small intestine, excreting gut mucosa-destroying toxins on the way. (kenyon.edu)
  • We investigated 29 patients with GBS, admitted to our hospital from January 1996 to December 1999 for recent Campylobacter enteritis by culture of their stool specimens. (who.int)
  • Campylobacteriosis and gastrointestinitis, two very common and infectious diseases, are caused by a species of Campylobacter, C. jejuni . (kenyon.edu)
  • According to the UK Food Standards Agency ( FSA ), Campylobacter food poisoning is the most prevalent foodborne illness in the UK, with an estimate of over half a million cases per year causing gastroenteritis, also known as campylobacteriosis. (food-safety.com)
  • Campylobacteriosis usually develops a few days after eating food contaminated with Campylobacter spp. (food-safety.com)
  • Campylobacter jejuni is a leading cause of enteric bacterial illness in the United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Campylobacter jejuni is the leading cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in humans but C . upsaliensis has also been associated with human disease. (petfoodstudies.com)
  • Cytotoxin production has been reported in Campylobacter strains from patients with bloody diarrhea. (medscape.com)
  • Research published in 2015 from 254 samples found that half of the Campylobacter strains tested proved resistant to at least two classes of antimicrobials (tetracyclines and quinolones). (food-safety.com)
  • Campylobacter upsaliensis may cause diarrhea or bacteremia, whereas Campylobacter hyointestinalis, which has biochemical characteristics similar to those of C fetus, causes occasional bacteremia in immunocompromised individuals. (medscape.com)
  • Campylobacter fetus patients were more likely male (OR = 3.1), hospitalized (OR = 3.5), and have a blood isolate (OR = 44.1). (cdc.gov)
  • The major pathogens are Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter fetus . (zoologix.com)
  • Despite these efforts, Campylobacter contamination remains at the top of all foodborne illnesses in humans and is still difficult to prevent. (food-safety.com)
  • for selective pre-enrichment of Campylobacter organisms in food samples. (analisisavanzados.com)
  • Campylobacter organisms also may be an important cause of traveler's diarrhea, especially in Thailand and surrounding areas of Southeast Asia. (medscape.com)
  • Transmission of Campylobacter organisms to humans usually occurs via infected animals and their food products. (medscape.com)
  • A selective supplement for the isolation of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. (analisisavanzados.com)
  • Cats have been shown to be carriers of C. helveticus , a thermophilic Campylobacter species which is difficult to differentiate from C. upsaliensis by biochemical tests. (zoologix.com)
  • The present findings indicate the need of planned systematic studies to explore the role of C. upsaliensis and other campylobacters as agents of antecedent diarrhea in patients of GBS with different clinical presentations and prognosis. (who.int)
  • In a study of American military personnel deployed in Thailand, more than half of those with diarrhea were found to be infected with Campylobacter species. (medscape.com)
  • There is a concern with Campylobacter in regard to the increase of antimicrobial resistance in various regions around the world. (food-safety.com)
  • Humans usually are exposed to Campylobacter through drinking contaminated milk and water or through eating undercooked meat, specifically chicken. (kenyon.edu)
  • Vandamme P, Debruyne L, De Brandt E, Falsen E. Reclassification of Bacteroides ureolyticus as Campylobacter ureolyticus comb. (dsmz.de)
  • Campylobacter concisus is a human-pathogenic bacterium of the gastrointestinal tract. (mdpi.com)
  • Campylobacter outbreaks are reported to CDC surveillance systems through the National Outbreak Reporting System (NORS) . (cdc.gov)
  • Exposure to sick pets, especially puppies, also has been associated with Campylobacter outbreaks. (medscape.com)
  • Campylobacter and helicobacter species is a topic covered in the Johns Hopkins ABX Guide . (hopkinsguides.com)
  • 2004). Campylobacter species are sensitive to salinity, freezing, and pH below five. (kenyon.edu)
  • Campylobacter species are sensitive to hydrochloric acid in the stomach. (medscape.com)
  • Campylobacter jejuni usually is the most common cause of community-acquired inflammatory enteritis. (medscape.com)
  • Family Campylobacteraceae includes 2 genera, Campylobacter and Arcobacter . (zoologix.com)
  • Some persons who are infected with Campylobacter , however, may not have any symptoms at all. (zoologix.com)
  • There are more than 20 species of Campylobacter , not all of which cause human illness. (cdc.gov)
  • Approximately 90% of human Campylobacter illness is caused by one species, Campylobacter jejuni. (cdc.gov)
  • Campylobacter species are a major cause of human diarrhoeal disease worldwide. (who.int)
  • 90% of human Campylobacter illness. (hopkinsguides.com)
  • Later, concerns over Campylobacter were raised by the study of Butzler et al. (food-safety.com)
  • Here we present the primary transcriptome of the pathogenic Epsilonproteobacterium Campylobacter jejuni , and have used this for comparative and predictive transcriptomics in the Epsilonproteobacteria. (biomedcentral.com)
  • C. upsaliensis is closely related to C. helveticus and C. avium . (vetbact.org)
  • The known routes of Campylobacter transmission include fecal-oral, person-to-person sexual contact, unpasteurized raw milk and poultry ingestion, and waterborne (ie, through contaminated water supplies). (medscape.com)
  • Close social contact between owners and their dogs and cats makes transmission of Campylobacter spp. (zoologix.com)
  • A selective supplement for the isolation of campylobacters when used with Blood Agar Base No.2 CM271, Columbia Agar CM331 or Brucella Agar Bases CM169 or CM691. (analisisavanzados.com)
  • a selective medium for the isolation of Campylobacter species at 42°C. (analisisavanzados.com)
  • however, cgMLST analysis does not require selection of an appropriate reference genome making this method preferable to hqSNP analysis for Campylobacter surveillance and cluster detection. (cdc.gov)
  • The genome sequencing Campylobacter jejuni was finished in 2000 by the Sanger Centre. (kenyon.edu)
  • Campylobacter is said to be prevalent in food animals such as poultry, cattle, pigs, sheep, and ostriches, as well as pets, including cats and dogs. (medscape.com)
  • B0006 - Ultrasensitive qualitative screen for Campylobacter species by real time polymerase chain reaction. (zoologix.com)
  • Campylobacter has a widespread distribution and is most commonly found in poultry and wild birds but is also found in domesticated and wild animals, unpasteurized milk, untreated waters and shellfish. (food-safety.com)
  • Campylobacter grows best in habitats with an oxygen level lower than 5%, and it is typically found in the intestinal tract of animals. (kenyon.edu)
  • Findings of thermotolerant Campylobacter in broiler are in Sweden notifiable to the Swedish Board of Agriculture and the County Administrative Board. (slu.se)
  • Campylobacter upsaliensis and C. jejuni were isolated from stools of one patient each with acute motor axonal neuropathy (AMAN) and acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP) respectively. (who.int)
  • It is known that dogs are an important reservoir for C. upsaliensis , a catalase-negative/catalase-weak Campylobacter species. (zoologix.com)
  • Help ensure that pet dogs and cats are free of Campylobacter spp. (zoologix.com)
  • Altogether 56% (20/36) of the dogs yielded at least one Campylobacter -positive fecal sample. (petfoodstudies.com)
  • C . upsaliensis was the major species detected from 39% of the dogs before and 30% after the feeding period. (petfoodstudies.com)