Campylobacter hyointestinalis: A species of CAMPYLOBACTER isolated from the INTESTINES of PIGS with proliferative ENTERITIS. It is also found in CATTLE and in CRICETINAE and can cause enteritis in humans.Campylobacter: A genus of bacteria found in the reproductive organs, intestinal tract, and oral cavity of animals and man. Some species are pathogenic.Campylobacter Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus CAMPYLOBACTER.Campylobacter jejuni: A species of bacteria that resemble small tightly coiled spirals. Its organisms are known to cause abortion in sheep and fever and enteritis in man and may be associated with enteric diseases of calves, lambs, and other animals.DNA, Bacterial: Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of bacteria.Campylobacter fetus: A species of bacteria present in man and many kinds of animals and birds, often causing infertility and/or abortion.Campylobacter coli: A species of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria isolated from the intestinal tract of swine, poultry, and man. It may be pathogenic.Reindeer: A genus of deer, Rangifer, that inhabits the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America. Caribou is the North American name; reindeer, the European. They are often domesticated and used, especially in Lapland, for drawing sleds and as a source of food. Rangifer is the only genus of the deer family in which both sexes are antlered. Most caribou inhabit arctic tundra and surrounding arboreal coniferous forests and most have seasonal shifts in migration. They are hunted extensively for their meat, skin, antlers, and other parts. (From Webster, 3d ed; Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1397)Enteritis: Inflammation of any segment of the SMALL INTESTINE.Campylobacter lari: A species of thermophilic CAMPYLOBACTER found in healthy seagulls and causing ENTERITIS in humans.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Nucleic Acid Probes: Nucleic acid which complements a specific mRNA or DNA molecule, or fragment thereof; used for hybridization studies in order to identify microorganisms and for genetic studies.Peptide Nucleic Acids: DNA analogs containing neutral amide backbone linkages composed of aminoethyl glycine units instead of the usual phosphodiester linkage of deoxyribose groups. Peptide nucleic acids have high biological stability and higher affinity for complementary DNA or RNA sequences than analogous DNA oligomers.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.DNA Probes: Species- or subspecies-specific DNA (including COMPLEMENTARY DNA; conserved genes, whole chromosomes, or whole genomes) used in hybridization studies in order to identify microorganisms, to measure DNA-DNA homologies, to group subspecies, etc. The DNA probe hybridizes with a specific mRNA, if present. Conventional techniques used for testing for the hybridization product include dot blot assays, Southern blot assays, and DNA:RNA hybrid-specific antibody tests. Conventional labels for the DNA probe include the radioisotope labels 32P and 125I and the chemical label biotin. The use of DNA probes provides a specific, sensitive, rapid, and inexpensive replacement for cell culture techniques for diagnosing infections.Base Sequence: The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.Molecular Probe Techniques: The use of devices which use detector molecules to detect, investigate, or analyze other molecules, macromolecules, molecular aggregates, or organisms.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Enterocytes: Absorptive cells in the lining of the INTESTINAL MUCOSA. They are differentiated EPITHELIAL CELLS with apical MICROVILLI facing the intestinal lumen. Enterocytes are more abundant in the SMALL INTESTINE than in the LARGE INTESTINE. Their microvilli greatly increase the luminal surface area of the cell by 14- to 40 fold.Oleic Acid: An unsaturated fatty acid that is the most widely distributed and abundant fatty acid in nature. It is used commercially in the preparation of oleates and lotions, and as a pharmaceutical solvent. (Stedman, 26th ed)Oleic Acids: A group of fatty acids that contain 18 carbon atoms and a double bond at the omega 9 carbon.Docosahexaenoic Acids: C22-unsaturated fatty acids found predominantly in FISH OILS.Mannitol: A diuretic and renal diagnostic aid related to sorbitol. It has little significant energy value as it is largely eliminated from the body before any metabolism can take place. It can be used to treat oliguria associated with kidney failure or other manifestations of inadequate renal function and has been used for determination of glomerular filtration rate. Mannitol is also commonly used as a research tool in cell biological studies, usually to control osmolarity.Tight Junctions: Cell-cell junctions that seal adjacent epithelial cells together, preventing the passage of most dissolved molecules from one side of the epithelial sheet to the other. (Alberts et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2nd ed, p22)Caco-2 Cells: Human colonic ADENOCARCINOMA cells that are able to express differentiation features characteristic of mature intestinal cells, such as ENTEROCYTES. These cells are valuable in vitro tools for studies related to intestinal cell function and differentiation.Oil and Gas Fields: Areas of the earth where hydrocarbon deposits of PETROLEUM and/or NATURAL GAS are located.Petroleum: Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.Sulfides: Chemical groups containing the covalent sulfur bonds -S-. The sulfur atom can be bound to inorganic or organic moieties.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Water Supply: Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)Groundwater: Liquid water present beneath the surface of the earth.Sulfur-Reducing Bacteria: A group of gram-negative, anaerobic bacteria that is able to oxidize acetate completely to carbon dioxide using elemental sulfur as the electron acceptor.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Helping Behavior: Behaviors associated with the giving of assistance or aid to individuals.Language Development: The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Language Disorders: Conditions characterized by deficiencies of comprehension or expression of written and spoken forms of language. These include acquired and developmental disorders.Ethics, Research: The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic: An acquired, congenital, or familial disorder caused by PLATELET AGGREGATION with THROMBOSIS in terminal arterioles and capillaries. Clinical features include THROMBOCYTOPENIA; HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA; AZOTEMIA; FEVER; and thrombotic microangiopathy. The classical form also includes neurological symptoms and end-organ damage, such as RENAL FAILURE.Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome: A syndrome that is associated with microvascular diseases of the KIDNEY, such as RENAL CORTICAL NECROSIS. It is characterized by hemolytic anemia (ANEMIA, HEMOLYTIC); THROMBOCYTOPENIA; and ACUTE RENAL FAILURE.Plasma Exchange: Removal of plasma and replacement with various fluids, e.g., fresh frozen plasma, plasma protein fractions (PPF), albumin preparations, dextran solutions, saline. Used in treatment of autoimmune diseases, immune complex diseases, diseases of excess plasma factors, and other conditions.Purpura, Thrombocytopenic: Any form of purpura in which the PLATELET COUNT is decreased. Many forms are thought to be caused by immunological mechanisms.Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic: Thrombocytopenia occurring in the absence of toxic exposure or a disease associated with decreased platelets. It is mediated by immune mechanisms, in most cases IMMUNOGLOBULIN G autoantibodies which attach to platelets and subsequently undergo destruction by macrophages. The disease is seen in acute (affecting children) and chronic (adult) forms.ADAM Proteins: A family of membrane-anchored glycoproteins that contain a disintegrin and metalloprotease domain. They are responsible for the proteolytic cleavage of many transmembrane proteins and the release of their extracellular domain.Quality Indicators, Health Care: Norms, criteria, standards, and other direct qualitative and quantitative measures used in determining the quality of health care.Electric Power Supplies: Devices that control the supply of electric current for running electrical equipment.Radionuclide Generators: Separation systems containing a relatively long-lived parent radionuclide which produces a short-lived daughter in its decay scheme. The daughter can be periodically extracted (milked) by means of an appropriate eluting agent.Receptor, Melatonin, MT2: A melatonin receptor subtype primarily found expressed in the BRAIN and RETINA.Tay-Sachs Disease: An autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the onset in infancy of an exaggerated startle response, followed by paralysis, dementia, and blindness. It is caused by mutation in the alpha subunit of the HEXOSAMINIDASE A resulting in lipid-laden ganglion cells. It is also known as the B variant (with increased HEXOSAMINIDASE B but absence of hexosaminidase A) and is strongly associated with Ashkenazic Jewish ancestry.Parasystole: A cardiac arrhythmia that is caused by interaction of two independently initiated cardiac impulses of different rates from two separate foci. Generally one focus is the SINOATRIAL NODE, the normal pacemaker. The ectopic focus is usually in the HEART VENTRICLE but can be in the HEART ATRIUM or the ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE. Modulation of the parasystolic rhythm by the sinus rhythm depends on the completeness of entrance block surrounding the parasystolic focus.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Susceptibility of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis to antimicrobial agents and characterization of quinolone-resistant strains. (1/3)OBJECTIVES: To study the susceptibility of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis to several antimicrobial agents and to investigate the mechanisms of nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin resistance. METHODS: The disc diffusion method was employed to study the susceptibility of 49 C. hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis strains of reindeer and bovine origin to 12 different antimicrobial agents. In addition, the MICs of nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin were determined. The nucleotide sequence of a 270 bp fragment of the gyrA gene was determined in ciprofloxacin-susceptible and -resistant strains. The effect of a multidrug efflux pump inhibitor Phe-Arg-beta-naphthylamide (PA beta N) on the MICs of ciprofloxacin and nalidixic acid was also studied. RESULTS: The only decreased susceptibility for antimicrobial agents of this study was observed for sulphonamide compound and streptomycin (24% and 32% of the strains, respectively), and this phenomenon was observed exclusively in the bovine strains. In sequence studies, a Thr-86-->Ile change was found in strains with MICs of ciprofloxacin of > or = 64 mg/L, but this mutation was absent in strains with lower resistance levels. The use of PA beta N did not affect the MIC of ciprofloxacin but decreased the MIC of nalidixic acid 2-4-fold. CONCLUSIONS: The Finnish C. hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis strains are susceptible to a majority of the antimicrobials of veterinary importance. The mechanism of ciprofloxacin resistance at lower levels (< or = 32 mg/L) is not associated with a specific mutation in the quinolone resistance-determining region of the gyrA gene. Finally, there are distinct differences in the mechanisms of ciprofloxacin resistance compared with nalidixic acid resistance within the studied species. (+info)
Effects of subtherapeutic administration of antimicrobial agents to beef cattle on the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter hyointestinalis. (2/3)The influence of antimicrobial agents on the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Campylobacter isolates recovered from 300 beef cattle maintained in an experimental feedlot was monitored over a 315-day period (11 sample times). Groups of calves were assigned to one of the following antimicrobial treatments: chlortetracycline and sulfamethazine (CS), chlortetracycline alone (Ct), virginiamycin, monensin, tylosin phosphate, and no antimicrobial agent (i.e., control treatment). In total, 3,283 fecal samples were processed for campylobacters over the course of the experiment. Of the 2,052 bacterial isolates recovered, 92% were Campylobacter (1,518 were Campylobacter hyointestinalis and 380 were C. jejuni). None of the antimicrobial treatments decreased the isolation frequency of C. jejuni relative to the control treatment. In contrast, C. hyointestinalis was isolated less frequently from animals treated with CS and to a lesser extent from animals treated with Ct. The majority (> or =94%) of C. jejuni isolates were sensitive to ampicillin, erythromycin, and ciprofloxacin, but more isolates with resistance to tetracycline were recovered from animals fed Ct. All of the 1,500 isolates of C. hyointestinalis examined were sensitive to ciprofloxacin. In contrast, 11%, 10%, and 1% of these isolates were resistant to tetracycline, erythromycin, and ampicillin, respectively. The number of animals from which C. hyointestinalis isolates with resistance to erythromycin and tetracycline were recovered differed among the antimicrobial treatments. Only Ct administration increased the carriage rates of erythromycin-resistant isolates of C. hyointestinalis, and the inclusion of CS in the diet increased the number of animals from which tetracycline-resistant isolates were recovered. The majority of C. hyointestinalis isolates with resistance to tetracycline were obtained from cohorts within a single pen, and most of these isolates were recovered from cattle during feeding of a forage-based diet as opposed to a grain-based diet. The findings of this study show that the subtherapeutic administration of tetracycline, alone and in combination with sulfamethazine, to feedlot cattle can select for the carriage of resistant strains of Campylobacter species. Considering the widespread use of in-feed antimicrobial agents and the high frequency of beef cattle that shed campylobacters, the development of AMR should be monitored as part of an on-going surveillance program. (+info)
Prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in cattle in Finland and antimicrobial susceptibilities of bovine Campylobacter jejuni strains. (3/3)The study investigated the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in Finnish cattle at slaughter and carcass contamination after slaughter. During the period January to December 2003, bovine rectal fecal samples (n=952) and carcass surface samples (n=948) from 12 out of 15 Finnish slaughterhouses were examined. In total, campylobacters were detected in 31.1% of fecal samples and in 3.5% of carcass surface samples. Campylobacter jejuni was isolated from 19.5%, Campylobacter coli from 2.2%, and presumptive Campylobacter hyointestinalis from 10.8% of fecal samples. Campylobacters were detected in 4.4% and 37.4% of the fecal samples examined both by direct culture and by enrichment (n=730), respectively, suggesting a low level of campylobacters in the intestinal content. A slightly increasing trend was observed in the overall prevalence of campylobacters towards the end of summer and autumn. Seventeen different serotypes were detected among the fecal C. jejuni isolates using a set of 25 commercial antisera for serotyping heat-stable antigens (Penner) of C. jejuni by passive hemagglutination. The predominant serotypes, Pen2 and Pen4-complex, were isolated from 52% of the fecal samples. Subtyping by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (SmaI) yielded 56 and 20 subtypes out of 330 fecal and 70 carcass C. jejuni isolates, respectively. MICs of ampicillin, enrofloxacin, erythromycin, gentamicin, nalidixic acid, and oxytetracycline for 187 C. jejuni isolates were determined using a commercial broth microdilution method. Sixteen (9%) of the isolates were resistant to at least one of the antimicrobials tested. Resistance to nalidixic acid was most commonly detected (6%). No multiresistance was observed. (+info)
... is a species of Campylobacter implicated as a pathogen in gastroenteritis and diarrhoea in humans ... Antimicrobial resistance: Laatu, M. (2005). "Susceptibility of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis to ... April 1987). "Campylobacter hyointestinalis associated with human gastrointestinal disease in the United States". Journal of ... Gorkiewicz G, Feierl G, Zechner R, Zechner EL (July 2002). "Transmission of Campylobacter hyointestinalis from a pig to a human ...
List of MeSH codes (B03)
Campylobacter coli MeSH B03.440.180.325 --- Campylobacter fetus MeSH B03.440.180.375 --- Campylobacter hyointestinalis MeSH ... Campylobacter coli MeSH B03.6126.96.36.199 --- Campylobacter fetus MeSH B03.6188.8.131.527 --- Campylobacter hyointestinalis ... Campylobacter lari MeSH B03.440.180.650 --- Campylobacter rectus MeSH B03.440.180.700 --- Campylobacter sputorum MeSH B03.440. ... Campylobacter lari MeSH B03.6184.108.40.2060 --- Campylobacter rectus MeSH B03.6220.127.116.110 --- Campylobacter sputorum MeSH ...
"Multilocus Sequence Typing Methods for the Emerging Campylobacter Species C. hyointestinalis, C. lanienae, C. sputorum, C. ... "Prevalence of Campylobacter Species in Adult Crohn's Disease and the Preferential Colonization Sites of Campylobacter Species ... P. Vandamme; F. E. Dewhirst; B. J. Paster; S. L. W. On (2005). "Genus I. Campylobacter". In Garrity, G.; Krieg, N. R.; Staley, ... Campylobacter concisus is a Gram-negative, highly fastidious, mesophilic bacterium that grows under both anaerobic and ...
Antibiotics administered in low doses have been widely used as growth promoters in the agricultural industry since the 1950s, yet the mechanisms for this effect are unclear. Because antimicrobial agents of different classes and varying activity are effective across several vertebrate species, we proposed that such subtherapeutic administration alters the population structure of the gut microbiome as well as its metabolic capabilities. We generated a model of adiposity by giving subtherapeutic antibiotic therapy to young mice and evaluated changes in the composition and capabilities of the gut microbiome. Administration of subtherapeutic antibiotic therapy increased adiposity in young mice and increased hormone levels related to metabolism. We observed substantial taxonomic changes in the microbiome, changes in copies of key genes involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates to short-chain fatty acids, increases in colonic short-chain fatty acid levels, and alterations in the regulation of hepatic ...
The phylogenetic relationships of all species in the genus Campylobacter, Wolinella succinogenes, and other gram-negative bacteria were determined by comparison of partial 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid sequences. The results of this study indicate that species now recognized in the genus Campylobacter make up three separate ribosomal ribonucleic acid sequence homology groups. Homology group I contains the following true Campylobacter species: Campylobacter fetus (type species), Campylobacter coli, Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter laridis, Campylobacter hyointestinalis, Campylobacter concisus, Campylobacter mucosalis, Campylobacter sputorum, and
Corning™ Cell Culture Treated Flasks Angled Necks; Culture area: 175cm<sup>2</sup>; Cap type: Phenolic; Volume: 750mL; 50/Cs....
Corning™ Cell Culture Treated Flasks Angled Necks; Culture area: 175cm|sup|2|/sup|; Cap type: Phenolic; Volume: 750mL; 50/Cs. Corning™ Cell...
Chapter 155. Infections Due to Campylobacter and Related Organisms | Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 18e |...
pathogen is C. jejuni, which accounts for 80-90% of all cases of recognized illness due to campylobacters and related genera. Other organisms that cause diarrheal disease include C. coli, C. upsaliensis, C. lari, C. hyointestinalis, C. fetus, A. butzleri, A. cryaerophilus, H. cinaedi, and H. fennelliae. The two Helicobacter species causing diarrheal disease, H. cinaedi and H. fennelliae, are intestinal rather than gastric organisms; in terms of the clinical features of the illnesses they cause, these species most closely resemble Campylobacter rather than H. pylori (Chap. 151) and thus are considered in this chapter. ...
Campylobacter hyointestinalis - Wikipedia
Campylobacter hyointestinalis is a species of Campylobacter implicated as a pathogen in gastroenteritis and diarrhoea in humans ... Antimicrobial resistance: Laatu, M. (2005). "Susceptibility of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis to ... April 1987). "Campylobacter hyointestinalis associated with human gastrointestinal disease in the United States". Journal of ... Gorkiewicz G, Feierl G, Zechner R, Zechner EL (July 2002). "Transmission of Campylobacter hyointestinalis from a pig to a human ...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Campylobacter_hyointestinalis
ADRI 1049 Strain Passport - StrainInfo
ADRI 1049 Campylobacter hyointestinalis. overview. species name. Campylobacter hyointestinalis. all known species names for ...http://www.straininfo.net/strains/41745
CCUG 22459 Strain Passport - StrainInfo
CCUG 22459 Campylobacter hyointestinalis. overview. species name. Campylobacter hyointestinalis. all known species names for ...http://www.straininfo.net/strains/41751
Patent US20080113365 - Probe, probe set, probe-immobilized carrier, and genetic testing method - Google Patents
Campylobacter coli (ATCC33559). (70). Campylobacter hyointestinalis (ATCC35217). (71). Campylobacter jejuni (ATCC33560). (72). ...http://www.google.com/patents/US20080113365?dq=5083039
Steven Huynh : USDA ARS
Draft genome sequences of nine Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. lawsonii strains - Bian, X., Huynh, S., Chapman, M.H., ... Draft genome sequences of nine Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. lawsonii strains. MICROBIOLOGY RESOURCE ANNOUNCEMENTS. 7(10 ... Complete genome sequences of multidrug-resistant Campylobacter jejuni 14980A (turkey feces) and Campylobacter coli 14983A ( ... Complete genome sequences of multidrug-resistant Campylobacter jejuni 14980A (turkey feces) and Campylobacter coli 14983A ( ...https://www.ars.usda.gov/people-locations/person?person-id=22187
French N[au] - PubMed - NCBI
Updating the genomic taxonomy and epidemiology of Campylobacter hyointestinalis.. Wilkinson DA, ODonnell AJ, Akhter RN, Fayaz ... Campylobacter jejuni Associated with Wild Birds and those Causing Human Disease in Six High-Use Recreational Waterways in New ... Draft Whole-Genome Sequences of Three Isolates of a Novel Strain of a Campylobacter sp. Isolated from New Zealand Birds and ... Genomic correlates of extraintestinal infection are linked with changes in cell morphology in Campylobacter jejuni. ...https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed?cmd=search&term=French+N%5Bau%5D&dispmax=50
Effects of subtherapeutic administration of antimicrobial agents to beef cattle on the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance...
Of the 2,052 bacterial isolates recovered, 92% were Campylobacter (1,518 were Campylobacter hyointestinalis and 380 were C. ... Cumulative carriage rates of Campylobacter hyointestinalis isolates (number of animals [n = 50] from which resistant isolates ... Animals positive for Campylobacter hyointestinalis isolated on mCCDA, cCCDA, and eCCDA. Ten animals per antimicrobial treatment ... Agents to Beef Cattle on the Prevalence of Antimicrobial Resistance in Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter hyointestinalis ...https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16000800
Oligodeoxynucleotide probes for Campylobacter fetus and Campyl...
Oligodeoxynucleotide probes for Campylobacter fetus and Campylobacter hyointestinalis based on 16S rRNA sequences.: ... Oligodeoxynucleotide probes for Campylobacter fetus and Campylobacter hyointestinalis based on 16S rRNA sequences.. Authors * I ... Deoxyoligonucleotide probes were constructed for the identification of Campylobacter fetus and Campylobacter hyointestinalis ... The C. hyointestinalis probe reacted with 47 of 48 biochemically confirmed field isolates of C. hyointestinalis. In Southern ...https://www.mysciencework.com/publication/show/oligodeoxynucleotide-probes-for-campylobacter-fetus-and-campylobacter-hyointestinalis-based-on-16s-rrna-sequences
Bacti Final Exam - cueFlash - Learn by studying flashcards
Campylobacter mucosalis. Campylobacter hyointestinalis What causes Porcine Proliferative Enteritis?. What kind of lesions does ... Campylobacter jejuni What is Campylobacter jejuni frequently misdiagnosed for? Appendicitis Where are all species of the ... 1. Campylobacter fetus var venerealis. 2. Campylobacter fetus var fetus. a. Sheep and cattle repro tract. b. Bovine retract 1 ... What are important reservoirs for Campylobacter jejuni? Milk, minced meat, dogs, cats, and poultry. T or F: Campylobacter ...https://cueflash.com/decks/tag/tetracycline/tag/drug/45854/Bacti_Final_Exam
Molecular-based detection of non-culturable and emerging campylobacteria in patients presenting with gastroenteritis. -...
... hyointestinalis and C. lari accounted for 10% of culture-negative samples; mixed Campylobacter spp. were detected in 11% of ... A combination of Campylobacter-specific uniplex PCR and 16S rRNA sequencing confirmed the presence of Campylobacter DNA in 191 ... We conclude that non-culturable Campylobacter spp. are responsible for a considerable proportion of human enteritis and the ... of these samples were culture-negative for campylobacters. ... illness in Southern Ireland were identified as Campylobacter ...https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Molecular-based-detection-of-non-culturable-and-in-Bullman-O%27Leary/988ebe053fc1c32903c44e0102812c4db75ee3fd
Using the taxon-specific genes for the taxonomic classification of bacterial genomes | BMC Genomics | Full Text
Extensive 16S rRNA gene sequence diversity in Campylobacter hyointestinalis strains: taxonomic and applied implications. Int J ...https://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12864-015-1542-0
Emma Yee : USDA ARS
Complete genome sequences of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis strain LMG9260 and Campylobacter ... Complete genome sequences of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis strain LMG9260 and Campylobacter ... Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) methods for the emerging Campylobacter species C. hyointestinalis, C. lanienae, C. sputorum, ... Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) methods for the emerging Campylobacter species C. hyointestinalis, C. lanienae, C. sputorum, ...https://www.ars.usda.gov/people-locations/person/?person-id=35002
Identification of Arcobacter species using phospholipid and total fatty acid profiles | Springer for Research & Development
Harrington C.S., On S.L.W.: Extensive 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequence diversity inCampylobacter hyointestinalis strains: ... Logan E.F., Neill S.D., Mackie D.P.: Mastitis in dairy cows associated with an aerotolerantCampylobacter.Vet.Res.110, 229-230 ( ... McClung C.R., Patriquin D.G.: Isolation of a nitrogen-fixingCampylobacter species from the roots ofSpartina alternifloraLoisel. ... Vandamme P., Falsen E., Rossau R., Hoste B., Segers P., Tytgat R., De Ley J.: Revision ofCampylobacter, Helicobacter, and ...https://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02931826
Chronic shedding of Campylobacter species in beef cattle. - Semantic Scholar
... hyointestinalis (8%), and C. fetus (2%). No C. coli was detected, and 13% of the faecal samples contained two or more of the ... of the 299 samples tested were positive for Campylobacter DNA. The majority of the animals (86%) shed campylobacters at ,/=4 ... Sequencing of the partial 16S rRNA gene suggested the presence of at least two undescribed Campylobacter species but this has ... In addition, quantities of Campylobacter jejuni and C. lanienae in faeces were measured using real-time quantitative (RTQ) PCR ...https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Chronic-shedding-of-Campylobacter-species-in-beef-Inglis-Kalischuk/2a02dddf9c6a86dd42543f405682affd53b915f4
Microbiology Society Journals | Campylobacter hepaticus sp. nov., isolated from chickens with spotty liver disease
Taken together, these data indicate that the strains belong to a novel Campylobacter species, for which the name Campylobacter ... Unusually, they had a DNA G+C content of 27.9 mol%, lower than any previously described Campylobacter species, and they showed ... Unlike most other species of the genus Campylobacter , most of the tested strains of this novel species hydrolysed hippurate ... gene sequences indicated that the strains formed a robust clade that was clearly distinct from recognized Campylobacter species ...http://ijs.microbiologyresearch.org/content/journal/ijsem/10.1099/ijsem.0.001383
Value Set Concept Details
Campylobacter hyointestinalis (organism) Code System Concept Status. Published. Code System Preferred Concept Name. ...https://phinvads.cdc.gov/vads/ViewValueSetConcept.action?id=2005890A-C341-48D4-B05E-F1F492C75957
Value Set Concept Details
Campylobacter hyointestinalis (organism) Code System Concept Status. Published. Code System Preferred Concept Name. ...https://phinvads.cdc.gov/vads/ViewValueSetConcept.action?id=4BA9F3A6-ECCA-E711-ACE2-0017A477041A
Subject: 'beef cattle' / Subject: feedlots - PubAg Search Results
beef cattle, etc ; Campylobacter coli; Campylobacter hyointestinalis; animal pathogens; antibiotic resistance genes; body ... Campylobacter spp. can be pathogenic to humans and often harbor antimicrobial resistance genes. Data on resistance in relation ... Campylobacter Prevalence and Quinolone Susceptibility in Feces of Preharvest Feedlot Cattle Exposed to Enrofloxacin for the ... This cross-sectional study of preharvest cattle evaluated Campylobacter prevalence and susceptibility to nalidixic acid and ...https://pubag.nal.usda.gov/?f%5Bsubject_term%5D%5B%5D=feedlots&page=3&q=%22beef+cattle%22&search_field=subject
MD Lab Tbilisi Diagnostic spectrum - MOLECULAR-DIAGNOSTCS GEORGIA Webseite
Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis. Campylobacter jejuni. Campylobacter lari. Campylobacter upsaliensis ...https://www.molecular-diagnostics-georgia.net/english/md-lab-kutaisi/diagnostic-spectrum/
KAKEN - Researchers | MISAWA Naoaki (20229678)
Campylobacter jejuni,遺伝子,細菌,Biofilm, # of Research Projects：9, # of Research Products： ... Presentation] Comparative analysis of three cytolethal distending toxin genes in Campylobacter hyointestinalis and its gene ... Journal Article] Comparison of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli detection in naturally contaminated chicken meat ... Presentation] Campylobacter jejuniのブロイラーと体皮膚に対する付着因子の検出2012. *. Author(s). 浦田https://nrid.nii.ac.jp/nrid/1000020229678/
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Complete Genome Sequences of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis Strain LMG 9260 and C. hyointestinalis subsp ... Whole-Genome Sequences of Agricultural, Host-Associated Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni Strains Vikrant Dutta, Eric ...https://mra.asm.org/content/4/4
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Survival and replication of these three species as well as Campylobacter hyointestinalis were assessed in co-cultures with the ... Campylobacter spp. including Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter lari are the most common cause of ... Campylobacter spp. generally survived longer in co-cultures, compared to when incubated in the corresponding growth media. The ... Campylobacter jejuni is a recognized and common gastrointestinal pathogen in most parts of the world. Human infections are ...http://uu.diva-portal.org/smash/resultList.jsf?af=%5B%5D&aq=%5B%5B%7B%22organisationId%22%3A%221369%22%7D%5D%5D&aqe=%5B%5D&aq2=%5B%5B%5D%5D&language=en&query=
Frontiers | Comparison of the Luminal and Mucosa-Associated Microbiota in the Colon of Pigs with and without Swine Dysentery |...
Linear discriminant analysis of effect size revealed Brachyspira, Campylobacter, Mogibacterium, and multiple Desulfovibrio spp ... Linear discriminant analysis of effect size revealed Brachyspira, Campylobacter, Mogibacterium, and multiple Desulfovibrio spp ... based on a blast search to Campylobacter hyointestinalis and the predominant Desulfovibrio OTUs detected in SD pigs had high ... Campylobacter (Vibrio) coli has been historically associated with pigs with SD and at one point was considered a potential ...https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fvets.2017.00139/full
Development of a Strain-Specific Molecular Method for Quantitating Individual Campylobacter Strains in Mixed Populations |...
Oligodeoxynucleotide probes for Campylobacter fetus and Campylobacter hyointestinalis based on 16S rRNA sequences. J. Clin. ... skirrowii BT59/06; I, Campylobacter sputorum subsp. bubulus; J, C. hyointestinalis NCTC11608; and K, C. fetus subsp fetus. ... Campylobacter incidence on a chicken farm and the spread of Campylobacter during the slaughter process. Int. J. Food Microbiol. ... Sequential hybridization of Campylobacter with the SVR probes. A mixture of five Campylobacter strains on mCCDA (A) was probed ...https://aem.asm.org/content/74/8/2321
A Cultured Strain of "Helicobacter heilmannii," a Human Gastric Pathogen, Identified as H. bizzozeronii: Evidence for Zoonotic...
Extensive 16S rRNA gene sequence diversity in Campylobacter hyointestinalis strains: taxonomic and applied implications. Int J ... A probability matrix for the identification of campylobacters, helicobacters, and allied taxa. J Appl Bacteriol. 1996;81:425-32 ... Classification and identification of campylobacters, helicobacters and allied taxa by numerical analysis of phenotypic ...https://wwwnc-origin.cdc.gov/eid/article/7/6/01-0622
- The findings of this study show that the subtherapeutic administration of tetracycline, alone and in combination with sulfamethazine, to feedlot cattle can select for the carriage of resistant strains of Campylobacter species. (nih.gov)
- Specificity of oligonucleotide probes was tested in a colony blot assay with type strains of 15 Campylobacter and Arcobacter species as well as in a slot blot format using genomic DNA extracted from field strains of C. fetus and C. hyointestinalis. (mysciencework.com)
- Ten strains of an unknown Campylobacter species were isolated from the livers of chickens with spotty liver disease in Australia. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Unlike most other species of the genus Campylobacter , most of the tested strains of this novel species hydrolysed hippurate and half of them could not reduce nitrate. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene and the heat shock protein 60 ( hsp60 ) gene sequences indicated that the strains formed a robust clade that was clearly distinct from recognized Campylobacter species. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Taken together, these data indicate that the strains belong to a novel Campylobacter species, for which the name Campylobacter hepaticus sp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Extensive 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequence diversity in Campylobacter hyointestinalis strains: taxonomic and applied implications. (springer.com)
- A novel molecule-based method, using strain- and genus-specific oligonucleotide probes, was developed to detect and enumerate specific campylobacter strains in mixed populations. (asm.org)
- This method is quantitative, sensitive, and highly specific and allows the identification and enumeration of selected strains among all of the campylobacters in environmental samples. (asm.org)
- Susceptibility of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. (wikipedia.org)
- Draft genome sequences of nine Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. (usda.gov)
- hyointestinalis Strain LMG 9260 and C. hyointestinalis subsp. (semanticscholar.org)
- Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. (molecular-diagnostics-georgia.net)
- Oligodeoxynucleotide probes for Campylobacter fetus and Campylobacter hyointestinalis based on 16S rRNA sequences. (mysciencework.com)
- Effects of subtherapeutic administration of antimicrobial agents to beef cattle on the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter jeju. (nih.gov)
- The influence of antimicrobial agents on the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Campylobacter isolates recovered from 300 beef cattle maintained in an experimental feedlot was monitored over a 315-day period (11 sample times). (nih.gov)
- Considering the widespread use of in-feed antimicrobial agents and the high frequency of beef cattle that shed campylobacters, the development of AMR should be monitored as part of an on-going surveillance program. (nih.gov)
- Deoxyoligonucleotide probes were constructed for the identification of Campylobacter fetus and Campylobacter hyointestinalis based on 16S rRNA sequence data. (mysciencework.com)
- A combination of Campylobacter-specific uniplex PCR and 16S rRNA sequencing confirmed the presence of Campylobacter DNA in 191 (93·6%) of the culture-negative samples. (semanticscholar.org)
- A 16S rRNA Campylobacter genus-specific probe was also used. (asm.org)
- Colony lifts of campylobacters were hybridized sequentially with up to two labeled strain-specific probes, followed by the generic 16S rRNA probe. (asm.org)
- The 16S rRNA probe detected all Campylobacter spp. (asm.org)
- AIMS To determine the prevalence of chronic shedding of Campylobacter species by beef cattle, a longitudinal study of shedding patterns was conducted in a cohort of 60 beef steers over a 4-month period. (semanticscholar.org)
- Temporal variation in the prevalence and species richness of Campylobacter spp. (semanticscholar.org)
- Carcass contamination is related to the within-flock prevalence of campylobacter colonization ( 1 ). (asm.org)
- Over the past decade, studies on human hosted Campylobacter species strongly suggest that Campylobacter concisus plays a role in the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). (frontiersin.org)
- In addition to C. concisus , humans are also colonized by a number of other Campylobacter species, most of which are in the oral cavity. (frontiersin.org)
- Here we review the most recent advancements on C. concisus and other human hosted Campylobacter species including their clinical relevance, transmission, virulence factors, disease associated genes, interactions with the human immune system and pathogenic mechanisms. (frontiersin.org)
- All of the 1,500 isolates of C. hyointestinalis examined were sensitive to ciprofloxacin. (nih.gov)
- The number of animals from which C. hyointestinalis isolates with resistance to erythromycin and tetracycline were recovered differed among the antimicrobial treatments. (nih.gov)
- Only Ct administration increased the carriage rates of erythromycin-resistant isolates of C. hyointestinalis, and the inclusion of CS in the diet increased the number of animals from which tetracycline-resistant isolates were recovered. (nih.gov)
- The majority of C. hyointestinalis isolates with resistance to tetracycline were obtained from cohorts within a single pen, and most of these isolates were recovered from cattle during feeding of a forage-based diet as opposed to a grain-based diet. (nih.gov)
- Two oligonucleotides were constructed for C. fetus that hybridized with equal specificity with each of 57 biochemically confirmed isolates of C. fetus but not with any other Campylobacter species. (mysciencework.com)
- The C. hyointestinalis probe reacted with 47 of 48 biochemically confirmed field isolates of C. hyointestinalis. (mysciencework.com)
- Oligodeoxynucleotide probes for Campylobacter fetus and Campyl. (mysciencework.com)
- In Southern blot hybridization of BglII digests of genomic DNA, the respective probes reacted within three restriction fragments of either C. hyointestinalis (7.2, 8.2, and 10.1 kb) or C. fetus (7.0, 7.7, and 9.0 kb). (mysciencework.com)
- The identification of sites resulting in cross-contamination of poultry flocks in the abattoir and determination of the survival and persistence of campylobacters at these sites are essential for the development of intervention strategies aimed at reducing the microbial burden on poultry at retail. (asm.org)
- In total, 3,283 fecal samples were processed for campylobacters over the course of the experiment. (nih.gov)
- The experiment included 300 steers assigned to five pens (10 animals per pen), and the diagram shows the 11 sample times (A to K) at which fecal samples were obtained and campylobacters were isolated. (nih.gov)
- however, 204 (46·8%) of these samples were culture-negative for campylobacters. (semanticscholar.org)