Nucleic Acid Probes
Peptide Nucleic Acids
DNA analogs containing neutral amide backbone linkages composed of aminoethyl glycine units instead of the usual phosphodiester linkage of deoxyribose groups. Peptide nucleic acids have high biological stability and higher affinity for complementary DNA or RNA sequences than analogous DNA oligomers.
Species- or subspecies-specific DNA (including COMPLEMENTARY DNA; conserved genes, whole chromosomes, or whole genomes) used in hybridization studies in order to identify microorganisms, to measure DNA-DNA homologies, to group subspecies, etc. The DNA probe hybridizes with a specific mRNA, if present. Conventional techniques used for testing for the hybridization product include dot blot assays, Southern blot assays, and DNA:RNA hybrid-specific antibody tests. Conventional labels for the DNA probe include the radioisotope labels 32P and 125I and the chemical label biotin. The use of DNA probes provides a specific, sensitive, rapid, and inexpensive replacement for cell culture techniques for diagnosing infections.
Molecular Probe Techniques
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic
An acquired, congenital, or familial disorder caused by PLATELET AGGREGATION with THROMBOSIS in terminal arterioles and capillaries. Clinical features include THROMBOCYTOPENIA; HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA; AZOTEMIA; FEVER; and thrombotic microangiopathy. The classical form also includes neurological symptoms and end-organ damage, such as RENAL FAILURE.
Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic
Thrombocytopenia occurring in the absence of toxic exposure or a disease associated with decreased platelets. It is mediated by immune mechanisms, in most cases IMMUNOGLOBULIN G autoantibodies which attach to platelets and subsequently undergo destruction by macrophages. The disease is seen in acute (affecting children) and chronic (adult) forms.
Structural Homology, Protein
Susceptibility of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis to antimicrobial agents and characterization of quinolone-resistant strains. (1/3)OBJECTIVES: To study the susceptibility of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis to several antimicrobial agents and to investigate the mechanisms of nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin resistance. METHODS: The disc diffusion method was employed to study the susceptibility of 49 C. hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis strains of reindeer and bovine origin to 12 different antimicrobial agents. In addition, the MICs of nalidixic acid and ciprofloxacin were determined. The nucleotide sequence of a 270 bp fragment of the gyrA gene was determined in ciprofloxacin-susceptible and -resistant strains. The effect of a multidrug efflux pump inhibitor Phe-Arg-beta-naphthylamide (PA beta N) on the MICs of ciprofloxacin and nalidixic acid was also studied. RESULTS: The only decreased susceptibility for antimicrobial agents of this study was observed for sulphonamide compound and streptomycin (24% and 32% of the strains, respectively), and this phenomenon was observed exclusively in the bovine strains. In sequence studies, a Thr-86-->Ile change was found in strains with MICs of ciprofloxacin of > or = 64 mg/L, but this mutation was absent in strains with lower resistance levels. The use of PA beta N did not affect the MIC of ciprofloxacin but decreased the MIC of nalidixic acid 2-4-fold. CONCLUSIONS: The Finnish C. hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis strains are susceptible to a majority of the antimicrobials of veterinary importance. The mechanism of ciprofloxacin resistance at lower levels (< or = 32 mg/L) is not associated with a specific mutation in the quinolone resistance-determining region of the gyrA gene. Finally, there are distinct differences in the mechanisms of ciprofloxacin resistance compared with nalidixic acid resistance within the studied species. (+info)
Effects of subtherapeutic administration of antimicrobial agents to beef cattle on the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter hyointestinalis. (2/3)The influence of antimicrobial agents on the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Campylobacter isolates recovered from 300 beef cattle maintained in an experimental feedlot was monitored over a 315-day period (11 sample times). Groups of calves were assigned to one of the following antimicrobial treatments: chlortetracycline and sulfamethazine (CS), chlortetracycline alone (Ct), virginiamycin, monensin, tylosin phosphate, and no antimicrobial agent (i.e., control treatment). In total, 3,283 fecal samples were processed for campylobacters over the course of the experiment. Of the 2,052 bacterial isolates recovered, 92% were Campylobacter (1,518 were Campylobacter hyointestinalis and 380 were C. jejuni). None of the antimicrobial treatments decreased the isolation frequency of C. jejuni relative to the control treatment. In contrast, C. hyointestinalis was isolated less frequently from animals treated with CS and to a lesser extent from animals treated with Ct. The majority (> or =94%) of C. jejuni isolates were sensitive to ampicillin, erythromycin, and ciprofloxacin, but more isolates with resistance to tetracycline were recovered from animals fed Ct. All of the 1,500 isolates of C. hyointestinalis examined were sensitive to ciprofloxacin. In contrast, 11%, 10%, and 1% of these isolates were resistant to tetracycline, erythromycin, and ampicillin, respectively. The number of animals from which C. hyointestinalis isolates with resistance to erythromycin and tetracycline were recovered differed among the antimicrobial treatments. Only Ct administration increased the carriage rates of erythromycin-resistant isolates of C. hyointestinalis, and the inclusion of CS in the diet increased the number of animals from which tetracycline-resistant isolates were recovered. The majority of C. hyointestinalis isolates with resistance to tetracycline were obtained from cohorts within a single pen, and most of these isolates were recovered from cattle during feeding of a forage-based diet as opposed to a grain-based diet. The findings of this study show that the subtherapeutic administration of tetracycline, alone and in combination with sulfamethazine, to feedlot cattle can select for the carriage of resistant strains of Campylobacter species. Considering the widespread use of in-feed antimicrobial agents and the high frequency of beef cattle that shed campylobacters, the development of AMR should be monitored as part of an on-going surveillance program. (+info)
Prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in cattle in Finland and antimicrobial susceptibilities of bovine Campylobacter jejuni strains. (3/3)The study investigated the prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in Finnish cattle at slaughter and carcass contamination after slaughter. During the period January to December 2003, bovine rectal fecal samples (n=952) and carcass surface samples (n=948) from 12 out of 15 Finnish slaughterhouses were examined. In total, campylobacters were detected in 31.1% of fecal samples and in 3.5% of carcass surface samples. Campylobacter jejuni was isolated from 19.5%, Campylobacter coli from 2.2%, and presumptive Campylobacter hyointestinalis from 10.8% of fecal samples. Campylobacters were detected in 4.4% and 37.4% of the fecal samples examined both by direct culture and by enrichment (n=730), respectively, suggesting a low level of campylobacters in the intestinal content. A slightly increasing trend was observed in the overall prevalence of campylobacters towards the end of summer and autumn. Seventeen different serotypes were detected among the fecal C. jejuni isolates using a set of 25 commercial antisera for serotyping heat-stable antigens (Penner) of C. jejuni by passive hemagglutination. The predominant serotypes, Pen2 and Pen4-complex, were isolated from 52% of the fecal samples. Subtyping by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (SmaI) yielded 56 and 20 subtypes out of 330 fecal and 70 carcass C. jejuni isolates, respectively. MICs of ampicillin, enrofloxacin, erythromycin, gentamicin, nalidixic acid, and oxytetracycline for 187 C. jejuni isolates were determined using a commercial broth microdilution method. Sixteen (9%) of the isolates were resistant to at least one of the antimicrobials tested. Resistance to nalidixic acid was most commonly detected (6%). No multiresistance was observed. (+info)
Scientists link obesity to gut bacteria
Antibiotics administered in low doses have been widely used as growth promoters in the agricultural industry since the 1950s, yet the mechanisms for this effect are unclear. Because antimicrobial agents of different classes and varying activity are effective across several vertebrate species, we proposed that such subtherapeutic administration alters the population structure of the gut microbiome as well as its metabolic capabilities. We generated a model of adiposity by giving subtherapeutic antibiotic therapy to young mice and evaluated changes in the composition and capabilities of the gut microbiome. Administration of subtherapeutic antibiotic therapy increased adiposity in young mice and increased hormone levels related to metabolism. We observed substantial taxonomic changes in the microbiome, changes in copies of key genes involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates to short-chain fatty acids, increases in colonic short-chain fatty acid levels, and alterations in the regulation of hepatic ...
Phylogenetic Study of the Genus Campylobacter | Microbiology Society
The phylogenetic relationships of all species in the genus Campylobacter, Wolinella succinogenes, and other gram-negative bacteria were determined by comparison of partial 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid sequences. The results of this study indicate that species now recognized in the genus Campylobacter make up three separate ribosomal ribonucleic acid sequence homology groups. Homology group I contains the following true Campylobacter species: Campylobacter fetus (type species), Campylobacter coli, Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter laridis, Campylobacter hyointestinalis, Campylobacter concisus, Campylobacter mucosalis, Campylobacter sputorum, and
Corning™ Cell Culture Treated Flasks Angled Necks; Culture area: 175cm<sup>2</sup>; Cap type: Phenolic; Volume: 750mL; 50/Cs....
Corning™ Cell Culture Treated Flasks Angled Necks; Culture area: 175cm|sup|2|/sup|; Cap type: Phenolic; Volume: 750mL; 50/Cs. Corning™ Cell...
Chapter 155. Infections Due to Campylobacter and Related Organisms | Harrisons Principles of Internal Medicine, 18e |...
pathogen is C. jejuni, which accounts for 80-90% of all cases of recognized illness due to campylobacters and related genera. Other organisms that cause diarrheal disease include C. coli, C. upsaliensis, C. lari, C. hyointestinalis, C. fetus, A. butzleri, A. cryaerophilus, H. cinaedi, and H. fennelliae. The two Helicobacter species causing diarrheal disease, H. cinaedi and H. fennelliae, are intestinal rather than gastric organisms; in terms of the clinical features of the illnesses they cause, these species most closely resemble Campylobacter rather than H. pylori (Chap. 151) and thus are considered in this chapter. ...
List of MeSH codes (B03)
Campylobacter coli MeSH B03.440.180.325 - Campylobacter fetus MeSH B03.440.180.375 - Campylobacter hyointestinalis MeSH B03.440 ... Campylobacter coli MeSH B03.6188.8.131.52 - Campylobacter fetus MeSH B03.6184.108.40.2067 - Campylobacter hyointestinalis MeSH ... Campylobacter jejuni MeSH B03.440.180.500 - Campylobacter lari MeSH B03.440.180.650 - Campylobacter rectus MeSH B03.440.180.700 ... Campylobacter lari MeSH B03.6220.127.116.110 - Campylobacter rectus MeSH B03.618.104.22.1680 - Campylobacter sputorum MeSH ...
"Multilocus Sequence Typing Methods for the Emerging Campylobacter Species C. hyointestinalis, C. lanienae, C. sputorum, C. ... "Prevalence of Campylobacter Species in Adult Crohn's Disease and the Preferential Colonization Sites of Campylobacter Species ... P. Vandamme; F. E. Dewhirst; B. J. Paster; S. L. W. On (2005). "Genus I. Campylobacter". In Garrity, G.; Krieg, N. R.; Staley, ... Campylobacter concisus is a Gram-negative, highly fastidious, mesophilic bacterium that grows under both anaerobic and ...
Campylobacter fetus, Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis, Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter lari and ... Campylobacter upsaliensis is a gram negative bacteria in the Campylobacter genus. C. upsaliensis is found worldwide, and is a ... Campylobacter upsaliensis shares the characteristic appearance of other Campylobacter species: it is a curved to spiral, gram- ... Campylobacter upsaliensis is found worldwide and is among the predominant Campylobacter spp. associated with enteritis in ...
... is a species of Campylobacter implicated as a pathogen in gastroenteritis and diarrhoea in humans ... Antimicrobial resistance: Laatu, M. (2005). "Susceptibility of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis to ... April 1987). "Campylobacter hyointestinalis associated with human gastrointestinal disease in the United States". Journal of ... Type strain of Campylobacter hyointestinalis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase v t e. ...
C. hyointestinalis. C. insulaenigrae. C. jejuni. C. lanienae. C. lari. C. mucosalis. C. mustelae. C. nitrofigilis. C. peloridis ... Campylobacter (meaning "curved bacteria") is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria. Campylobacter typically appear comma or s- ... The confusing taxonomy of Campylobacter over the past decades make identifying the earliest reports of Campylobacter ... Similar studies have investigated the genes responsible for motility in Campylobacter species. All Campylobacter species ...
Campylobacter hyointestinalis - Wikipedia
Campylobacter hyointestinalis is a species of Campylobacter implicated as a pathogen in gastroenteritis and diarrhoea in humans ... Antimicrobial resistance: Laatu, M. (2005). "Susceptibility of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis to ... April 1987). "Campylobacter hyointestinalis associated with human gastrointestinal disease in the United States". Journal of ... Type strain of Campylobacter hyointestinalis at BacDive - the Bacterial Diversity Metadatabase v t e. ...
Extensive 16S rRNA gene sequence diversity in Campylobacter hyointestinalis strains: taxonomic and applied implications
lawsonii strains exceeded 99.0%, but values among C. hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis strains ranged from 96.4 to 100 … ... Phylogenetic relationships of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subspecies were examined by means of 16S rRNA gene sequencing. ... C. hyointestinalis strains occupied two distinct branches in a phylogenetic analysis of the genus Campylobacter, emphasizing ... Phylogenetic relationships of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subspecies were examined by means of 16S rRNA gene sequencing. ...
Patent US20080113365 - Probe, probe set, probe-immobilized carrier, and genetic testing method - Google Patents
BAM Chapter 7: Campylobacter | FDA
Re-examination of Campylobacter hyointestinalis and C. fetus. International Workshop on Campylobacter Infections. Abstract, p. ... Isolation of Campylobacter Species from Food and Water. Campylobacter is considered by many to be the leading cause of enteric ... Extra intestinal Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli infections: host factors and strain characteristics. J. Infect. ... Rapid identification by PCR of the genus Campylobacter and of five Campylobacter species enteropathogenic for man and animals. ...
ADRI 1049 Strain Passport - StrainInfo
CCUG 22459 Strain Passport - StrainInfo
Colony Multiplex PCR Assay for Identification and Differentiation of Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli, C. lari, C. upsaliensis,...
C. hyointestinalis. 6. -. -. -. -. -. 6. C. fetus subsp. venerealis. 6. -. -. -. -. -. 6. C. sputorum biovar bubulus. 1. -. -. ... Colony Multiplex PCR Assay for Identification and Differentiation of Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli, C. lari, C. upsaliensis, ... Colony Multiplex PCR Assay for Identification and Differentiation of Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli, C. lari, C. upsaliensis, ... Colony Multiplex PCR Assay for Identification and Differentiation of Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli, C. lari, C. upsaliensis, ...
Detection of Campylobacter in Stool and Determination of Significance by Culture, Enzyme Immunoassay, and PCR in Developing...
Transmission of Campylobacter hyointestinalis from a pig to a human. J. Clin. Microbiol. 40:2601-2605. doi:10.1128/JCM.40.7. ... Little is known about the additional Campylobacter species of highest prevalence in these sites. C. hyointestinalis subsp. ... Quantity of Campylobacter species (16S rRNA) by real-time PCR for case and control samples for each site. Among Campylobacter- ... Detection of Campylobacter strains by EIA.To directly evaluate EIA reactivity to diverse Campylobacter species, samples were ...
Steven Huynh : USDA ARS
Draft genome sequences of nine Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. lawsonii strains - Bian, X., Huynh, S., Chapman, M.H., ... Draft genome sequences of nine Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. lawsonii strains. MICROBIOLOGY RESOURCE ANNOUNCEMENTS. 7(10 ... Complete genome sequences of multidrug-resistant Campylobacter jejuni 14980A (turkey feces) and Campylobacter coli 14983A ( ... Complete genome sequences of multidrug-resistant Campylobacter jejuni 14980A (turkey feces) and Campylobacter coli 14983A ( ...
French N[au] - PubMed - NCBI
Updating the genomic taxonomy and epidemiology of Campylobacter hyointestinalis.. Wilkinson DA, ODonnell AJ, Akhter RN, Fayaz ... Campylobacter jejuni Associated with Wild Birds and those Causing Human Disease in Six High-Use Recreational Waterways in New ... Draft Whole-Genome Sequences of Three Isolates of a Novel Strain of a Campylobacter sp. Isolated from New Zealand Birds and ... Genomic correlates of extraintestinal infection are linked with changes in cell morphology in Campylobacter jejuni. ...
Effects of subtherapeutic administration of antimicrobial agents to beef cattle on the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance...
Of the 2,052 bacterial isolates recovered, 92% were Campylobacter (1,518 were Campylobacter hyointestinalis and 380 were C. ... Cumulative carriage rates of Campylobacter hyointestinalis isolates (number of animals [n = 50] from which resistant isolates ... Animals positive for Campylobacter hyointestinalis isolated on mCCDA, cCCDA, and eCCDA. Ten animals per antimicrobial treatment ... Agents to Beef Cattle on the Prevalence of Antimicrobial Resistance in Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter hyointestinalis ...
Campylobacter upsaliensis - Wikipedia
Campylobacter fetus, Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis, Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter lari and ... Campylobacter upsaliensis is a gram negative bacteria in the Campylobacter genus. C. upsaliensis is found worldwide, and is a ... Campylobacter upsaliensis shares the characteristic appearance of other Campylobacter species: it is a curved to spiral, gram- ... Campylobacter upsaliensis is found worldwide and is among the predominant Campylobacter spp. associated with enteritis in ...
A1VYF1 | SWISS-MODEL Repository
492 aa; Sequence (Fasta) Identical sequences: Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni: A0A7D6IKL5; Campylobacter hyointestinalis: ... A1VYF1 (GPMI_CAMJJ) Campylobacter jejuni subsp jejuni serotype O:23/36 (strain 81-176). 2,3-bisphosphoglycerate-independent ... Campylobacter jejuni subsp jejuni serotype O:23/36 (strain 81-176) ...
Campylobacter : Wikis (The Full Wiki)
C. hyointestinalis. C. insulaenigrae. C. jejuni. C. lanienae. C. lari. C. mucosalis. C. rectus. C. showae. C. sputorum. C. ... Campylobacter is a bacterium. It is found in the intestines of many types of animals. Campylobacter is the most common ... C. hyointestinalis. C. insulaenigrae. C. jejuni. C. lanienae. C. lari. C. mucosalis. C. rectus. C. showae. C. sputorum. C. ... Alpha · Beta · Gamma/Enterobacteriaceae (Salmonella, Vibrio, Shigella) · Delta · Epsilon (Campylobacter) / Aquificae (Aquifex) ...
A1VYZ2 | SWISS-MODEL Repository
Campylobacter hyointestinalis: A0A5L4W1B6; Campylobacter jejuni: A0A622RFW5; Campylobacter coli: A0A697A9T6 ... A1VYZ2 (ILVC_CAMJJ) Campylobacter jejuni subsp jejuni serotype O:23/36 (strain 81-176). Ketol-acid reductoisomerase (NADP(+)) ... Campylobacter jejuni subsp jejuni serotype O:23/36 (strain 81-176) ...
Frontiers | The Clinical Importance of Campylobacter concisus and Other Human Hosted Campylobacter Species | Cellular and...
Over the past decade, studies on human hosted Campylobacter species strongly suggest that Campylobacter concisus plays a role ... Over the past decade, studies on human hosted Campylobacter species strongly suggest that Campylobacter concisus plays a role ... Here we review the most recent advancements on C. concisus and other human hosted Campylobacter species including their ... Here we review the most recent advancements on C. concisus and other human hosted Campylobacter species including their ...
Development of a Strain-Specific Molecular Method for Quantitating Individual Campylobacter Strains in Mixed Populations |...
Oligodeoxynucleotide probes for Campylobacter fetus and Campylobacter hyointestinalis based on 16S rRNA sequences. J. Clin. ... skirrowii BT59/06; I, Campylobacter sputorum subsp. bubulus; J, C. hyointestinalis NCTC11608; and K, C. fetus subsp fetus. ... Campylobacter incidence on a chicken farm and the spread of Campylobacter during the slaughter process. Int. J. Food Microbiol. ... Sequential hybridization of Campylobacter with the SVR probes. A mixture of five Campylobacter strains on mCCDA (A) was probed ...
Differentiation of Campylobacter Species by AFLP Fingerprinting
Sixty-nine reference strains and 19 clinical isolates of Campylobacter jejuni subsp. jejuni, … ... fingerprinting method was tested for its ability to identify and subtype the most important Campylobacter species found in ... venerealis, Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis, C. hyointestinalis subsp. lawsonii, Campylobacter mucosalis, ... jejuni, Campylobacter jejuni subsp. doylei, Campylobacter upsaliensis, Campylobacter coli, Campylobacter lari, Campylobacter ...
CAZy - Bacteria
Department of Health | <em>Campylobacter</em> Laboratory Case...
This page contains the laboratory case definition for Campylobacter. ... doylei, C. coli and C. lari and is highly sensitive; however, cross hybridisation with C. hyointestinalis has been noted for ... Campylobacter infections are usually community acquired, and therefore routine cultures for Campylobacter should not routinely ... Campylobacter colonies may have different appearances depending on the medium. Campylobacter species generally produce grey, ...
Role of Campylobacter jejuni Infection in the Pathogenesis of Guillain-Barré Syndrome: An Update
Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis, Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter lari and Campylobacter upsaliensis," ... and fingerprinting of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli direct from diarrheic samples," Journal of Clinical ... Role of Campylobacter jejuni Infection in the Pathogenesis of Guillain-Barré Syndrome: An Update. Kishan Kumar Nyati1 and ... Relationship to Campylobacter jejuni infection and anti-glycolipid antibodies," Brain, vol. 118, no. 3, pp. 597-605, 1995. View ...
Real-Time PCR Approach for Detection of Environmental Sources of Campylobacter Strains Colonizing Broiler Flocks | Applied and...
lari, C hyointestinalis, C. upsaliensis) or the other bacterial species tested, indicating that the primers were specific for C ... Sequence typing and comparison of population biology of Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni. J. Clin. Microbiol. 43:340 ... Applicability of a rapid duplex real-time PCR assay for speciation of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli directly from ... Direct quantification of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter lanienae in feces of cattle by real-time quantitative PCR. Appl ...
Quantitative prevalence and characterization of Campylobacter from chicken and duck carcasses from poultry slaughterhouses in...
"Quantitative prevalence and characterization of Campylobacter from chicken and duck carcasses from poultry slaughterhouses in ... Campylobacter fetus, Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis, Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter lari and ... Campylobacter fetus, Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis, Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter lari and ... and 43 stains were identified as Campylobacter coli whereas 88 were Campylobacter jejuni. Table 1. The number of Campylobacter- ...
Eviran tutkimuksia - Evira research reports
In addition to thermophilic Campylobacter spp., C. hyointestinalis ssp. hyointestinalis was present in bovine samples. The ... and antibiotic-resistant Campylobacter jejuni for human sporadic campylobacter infections of domestic origin. A survey of the ... While chickens appear to be a major source of campylobacters for humans in most countries, the prevalence of campylobacters is ... The total prevalence of Campylobacter spp. in faecal samples was 31.1%, and in carcass samples 3.5%. Campylobacter jejuni, the ...
Using the taxon-specific genes for the taxonomic classification of bacterial genomes | BMC Genomics | Full Text
Identification of Arcobacter species using phospholipid and total fatty acid profiles | Springer for Research & Development
Harrington C.S., On S.L.W.: Extensive 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequence diversity inCampylobacter hyointestinalis strains: ... Logan E.F., Neill S.D., Mackie D.P.: Mastitis in dairy cows associated with an aerotolerantCampylobacter.Vet.Res.110, 229-230 ( ... McClung C.R., Patriquin D.G.: Isolation of a nitrogen-fixingCampylobacter species from the roots ofSpartina alternifloraLoisel. ... Vandamme P., Falsen E., Rossau R., Hoste B., Segers P., Tytgat R., De Ley J.: Revision ofCampylobacter, Helicobacter, and ...
Microbiology Society Journals | Campylobacter hepaticus sp. nov., isolated from chickens with spotty liver disease
Taken together, these data indicate that the strains belong to a novel Campylobacter species, for which the name Campylobacter ... Unusually, they had a DNA G+C content of 27.9 mol%, lower than any previously described Campylobacter species, and they showed ... Unlike most other species of the genus Campylobacter , most of the tested strains of this novel species hydrolysed hippurate ... gene sequences indicated that the strains formed a robust clade that was clearly distinct from recognized Campylobacter species ...
Chronic shedding of Campylobacter species in beef cattle. - Semantic Scholar
... hyointestinalis (8%), and C. fetus (2%). No C. coli was detected, and 13% of the faecal samples contained two or more of the ... of the 299 samples tested were positive for Campylobacter DNA. The majority of the animals (86%) shed campylobacters at ,/=4 ... Sequencing of the partial 16S rRNA gene suggested the presence of at least two undescribed Campylobacter species but this has ... In addition, quantities of Campylobacter jejuni and C. lanienae in faeces were measured using real-time quantitative (RTQ) PCR ...
Bacti Final Exam - cueFlash - Learn by studying flashcards
Campylobacter mucosalis. Campylobacter hyointestinalis What causes Porcine Proliferative Enteritis?. What kind of lesions does ... Campylobacter jejuni What is Campylobacter jejuni frequently misdiagnosed for? Appendicitis Where are all species of the ... 1. Campylobacter fetus var venerealis. 2. Campylobacter fetus var fetus. a. Sheep and cattle repro tract. b. Bovine retract 1 ... What are important reservoirs for Campylobacter jejuni? Milk, minced meat, dogs, cats, and poultry. T or F: Campylobacter ...
Emma Yee : USDA ARS
Complete genome sequences of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis strain LMG9260 and Campylobacter ... Complete genome sequences of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. hyointestinalis strain LMG9260 and Campylobacter ... Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) methods for the emerging Campylobacter species C. hyointestinalis, C. lanienae, C. sputorum, ... Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) methods for the emerging Campylobacter species C. hyointestinalis, C. lanienae, C. sputorum, ...
SubspColiStrainsGenusInfectionsBacteriaLariCampylobacteriosisSequencesInfectionConcisusStrainSubspeciesEnteritisIsolationMucosalisAbstractSputorumHumansSusceptibilityLanienaePathogensPoultryPathogenDetection of CampylobacterArcobacterHelicobacterAntimicrobial resistanceOrganismsCharacterizationUreolyticusIsolates of Campylobacter jejuniClinicalTaxonomyMicrobiologyReservoirsPrevalenceSelectiveStoolGenomes of severalUpsaliensis can causeMicroaerophilicEpidemiologyDiarrheaGram-negativePopulationsGenomeThermotolerantSpecies in bovineDiarrhealIllnessesPolymerase chain reAntibiotic resistanceGenes
- Susceptibility of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. (wikipedia.org)
- Sequence similarities among C. hyointestinalis subsp. (nih.gov)
- lawsonii strains exceeded 99.0%, but values among C. hyointestinalis subsp. (nih.gov)
- An intervening sequence was identified in certain of the C. hyointestinalis subsp. (nih.gov)
- Colony Multiplex PCR Assay for Identification and Differentiation of Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli, C. lari, C. upsaliensis, and C. fetus subsp. (asm.org)
- Sequencing of 16S rRNA from 53 of these non- jejuni/coli Campylobacter samples showed that it most closely matched the 16S rRNA of C. hyointestinalis subsp. (asm.org)
- Draft genome sequences of nine Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. (usda.gov)
- Campylobacter jejuni subsp. (expasy.org)
- Sixty-nine reference strains and 19 clinical isolates of Campylobacter jejuni subsp. (nih.gov)
- venerealis, Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. (nih.gov)
- hyointestinalis, C. hyointestinalis subsp. (nih.gov)
- Development of an indirect competitive ELISA for detection of Campylobacter jejuni subsp. (springer.com)
- hyointestinalis Strain LMG 9260 and C. hyointestinalis subsp. (semanticscholar.org)
- Nucleotide sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA gene, DNA homology experiments and determination of G + C content demonstrated that they constituted a previously undescribed species, whose nearest phylogenetic neighbours were Campylobacter hyointestinalis subsp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- nov., isolated from pinnipeds, comprising Campylobacter pinnipediorum subsp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- nov. and Campylobacter pinnipediorum subsp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Campylobacter lari subsp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Campylobacter fetus subsp. (cdc.gov)
- A0RRE0_CAMFF Methyl-accepting chemotaxis protein OS=Campylobacter fetus subsp. (uniprot.org)
- Assessment of Campylobacter fetus subsp. (biomedcentral.com)
- Bovine Genital Campylobacteriosis (BGC) is a venereal disease of cattle, caused by the bacterial pathogen Campylobacter fetus subsp. (biomedcentral.com)
- However, BGC diagnosis is hindered by the two cattle-associated Campylobacter fetus subspecies, C. fetus subsp. (biomedcentral.com)
- Survival and growth of Campylobacter fetus subsp, jejuni on meat and in cooked foods. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Luechtefeld NA, Blaser MJ, Reller LB, Wang WL Isolation of Campylobacter fetus subsp, jejuni from migratory waterfowl. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Avian wildlife reservoir of Campylobacter fetus subsp. (thefreedictionary.com)
- We compared culture for C. jejuni/C. coli , EIA (ProSpecT), and duplex PCR to distinguish Campylobacter jejuni/C. coli and non- jejuni/coli Campylobacter on 432 diarrheal and matched control stool samples from infants in a multisite longitudinal study of enteric infections in Tanzania, Bangladesh, and Peru. (asm.org)
- Most (71.6%) EIA-positive samples were positive by PCR for C. jejuni/C. coli , but 27.6% were positive for non- jejuni/coli Campylobacter species. (asm.org)
- According to PCR, Campylobacter jejuni/C. coli infections represented less than half of all infections with Campylobacter species. (asm.org)
- The majority of studies of Campylobacter infection have used selective culture techniques designed to improve isolation of Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli , which are thought to be the primary species associated with human disease ( 2 ). (asm.org)
- [ 3 ] At least a dozen species of Campylobacter have been implicated in human disease, with C. jejuni and C. coli the most common. (thefullwiki.org)
- the Campylobacter species that cause human acute intestinal disease such as Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli originate from animals. (frontiersin.org)
- Some of these animal hosted Campylobacter species, such as Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli , can cause acute bacterial gastroenteritis in humans through consumption of contaminated food or water ( Galanis, 2007 ). (frontiersin.org)
- As C. jejuni and C. coli are the main Campylobacter pathogens which cause human acute intestinal disease and they originate from animal sources, Campylobacteriosis has historically been considered to be zoonotic. (frontiersin.org)
- Within the genus Campylobacter , C. jejuni and C. coli are the most common species associated with diarrhoeal disease in humans. (health.gov.au)
- To enable this approach, fluorescently labeled PCR oligonucleotide probes suitable for a LightCycler-based assay were designed to match a highly variable DNA segment within the flaA short variable region (SVR) of Campylobacter jejuni or C . coli . (asm.org)
- The specificity of the SVR for C . jejuni and C . coli was confirmed by using a panel of strains comprising other Campylobacter species and naturally contaminated samples. (asm.org)
- Campylobacter jejuni and C . coli are the major pathogenic species and are ubiquitous in the environment and colonize the gastrointestinal tracts of most wild and domestic animals but appear to have evolved to preferentially colonize the avian gut. (asm.org)
- Finland (14), England, Wales (15,16), Australia (17), and outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Campylobacter the United States (18). (cdc.gov)
- B. Blaser and J. Engberg, "Clinical aspects of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli infections," in Campylobacter , I. Nachamkin, C. M. Szymanski, and M. J. Blaser, Eds. (hindawi.com)
- Although poultry is the principal source for human infection, Campylobacter is also highly prevalent in ruminants worldwide, and there is increasing evidence that the contribution of ruminant Campylobacter to campylobacteriosis in humans is also considerable, with cattle being the second most important reservoir after broilers for C. jejuni human infection and sheep the first for C. coli infections in humans [ 4 , 5 ]. (mdpi.com)
- Within the Campylobacter genus, C. jejuni , and its close relative C. coli , are reported as the most common cause of human acute bacterial enteritis. (biomedcentral.com)
- Researchers from Taiwan, Finland, Sweden, Demark and the Netherlands have examined various dog populations and have been able to culture C. jejuni, C. coli, C. upsaliensis, C. helveticus, C. lari and other Campylobacter spp. (biomedcentral.com)
- Genomic data representative of ecologically-diverse and widely-distributed species such as C. jejuni , C. coli, and to a lesser extent other Campylobacter spp. (biomedcentral.com)
- Use of an alkaline phosphatase-labeled synthetic oligonucleotide probe for detection of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli. (mysciencework.com)
- Other organisms that cause diarrheal disease include C. coli , C. upsaliensis , C. lari , C. hyointestinalis , C. fetus , A. butzleri , A. cryaerophilus , H. cinaedi , and H. fennelliae . (mhmedical.com)
- The Walkerton, Canada, waterborne outbreak of 2000 resulted from entry of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Campylobacter spp. (cdc.gov)
- Isolates of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli obtained from outbreak investigations were characterized by phenotypic and genotypic methods, including heat-stable and heat-labile serotyping, phage typing, biotyping, fla-restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) typing, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. (cdc.gov)
- In May 2000, a second waterborne outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Campylobacter occurred in Bruce County, Ontario. (cdc.gov)
- Contaminated water sources have been implicated in outbreaks involving E. coli O157:H7 and Campylobacter together in Scotland ( 7 ) and in New York State ( 8 , 9 ). (cdc.gov)
- A polymerase chain reaction technique [PCR] was used for each sample for the amplification of all Campylobacter species followed by 5 PCR reactions for the amplification of C. jejuni, C. hyointestinalis, C. coli, C. fetusand C. upsaliensis. (bvsalud.org)
- It is mainly caused by Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli, but the pathogenic role of other species, such as Campylobacter hyointestinalis, remains unclear. (helsinki.fi)
- The aim of this thesis was to study the various resistance mechanisms of C. jejuni, C. coli and C. hyointestinalis towards antimicrobial agents. (helsinki.fi)
- Unlike C. jejuni and C. coli, C. hyointestinalis is inherently resistant to nalidixic acid, but the mutations in the quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of gyrA involved in the acquired quinolone resistance of C. jejuni were not present in C. hyointestinalis. (helsinki.fi)
- The effect of putative efflux pump inducers and inhibitors on the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of C. jejuni, C. coli and C. hyointestinalis was evaluated. (helsinki.fi)
- It was concluded that the most potent was an efflux pump inhibitor, PAβN, which decreased inherent resistance of C. hyointestinalis to nalidixic acid 2- to 8-fold, and of C. jejuni and C. coli to rifampicin 8- to 64-fold. (helsinki.fi)
- Mouse anti Campylobacter jejuni antibody, clone BGN/2E10 reacts with C. jejuni type 1 (K807, K858, K634), C. coli, C. hyointestinalis, C. lardis, C. jejuni type 2. (bio-rad-antibodies.com)
- Many species of Campylobacter contain the nitrate reductase gene, such as Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter lari, Campylobacter concisus, Campylobacter fetus , and Campylobacter coli etc (Parkhill et al. (thefreedictionary.com)
- coli but only 28% know about campylobacter which is the most common cause of food poisoning in the UK. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Thermotolerant Campylobacter jejuni , coli and lari are recognized as leading food-borne pathogens causing an acute bacterial enteritis worldwide. (biomedcentral.com)
- Thermotolerant bacteria belonging to Campylobacter genus (especially C. jejuni , C. coli , C. lari and marginally C. upsaliensis ) are recognised as leading human food-borne pathogens causing an acute gastrointestinal disease called campylobacteriosis. (biomedcentral.com)
- The significance of Campylobacter jejuni/Campylobacter coli infection is well appreciated but the contribution of non-C. jejuni/C. coli spp. (cit.ie)
- Campylobacter jejuni, present in 72.4% of samples, was the most common species detected, however, 27.4% of patient samples contained non-C. jejuni/C. coli spp. (cit.ie)
- isolates from rats resembled campylobacter coli associated with swine dysentery. (liverpool.ac.uk)
- campylobacter coli--a new common cause of diarrhea in humans]. (liverpool.ac.uk)
- forty-four strains of the microaerophilic bacterium campylobacter coli isolated from either healthy or diseased pigs, and a strain of campylobacter fetus, were all sensitive to dimetridazole. (liverpool.ac.uk)
- the possibility that campylobacter (vibrio) coli and treponema hyodysenteriae are both involved in swine dysentery. (liverpool.ac.uk)
- with this primer set and probe, 426-bp fragments from c. jejuni, campylobacter coli, and campylobacter lari could be amplified. (liverpool.ac.uk)
- C. hyointestinalis strains occupied two distinct branches in a phylogenetic analysis of the genus Campylobacter, emphasizing the need for multiple strain analysis when using 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons for taxonomic investigations. (nih.gov)
- The findings of this study show that the subtherapeutic administration of tetracycline, alone and in combination with sulfamethazine, to feedlot cattle can select for the carriage of resistant strains of Campylobacter species. (nih.gov)
- A novel molecule-based method, using strain- and genus-specific oligonucleotide probes, was developed to detect and enumerate specific campylobacter strains in mixed populations. (asm.org)
- Strain-specific oligonucleotide probes were designed for the short variable regions (SVR) of the flaA gene in individual Campylobacter jejuni strains. (asm.org)
- This method is quantitative, sensitive, and highly specific and allows the identification and enumeration of selected strains among all of the campylobacters in environmental samples. (asm.org)
- Within C. jejuni, C. hyointestinalis and C. fetus, strains could be identified at the subspecies level. (nih.gov)
- The strategy may also have wider applications for the tracking of specific campylobacter strains in heavily contaminated environments. (asm.org)
- Most of the tested strains were classified into diverse pulsotypes according to repetitive element sequence-based-PCR banding patterns, indicating the diversity of Campylobacter isolates present in chicken and duck samples from poultry slaughterhouses. (deepdyve.com)
- The emergence of Campylobacter contamination and antibiotic-resistant strains in food animals poses a potential risk to public health and should be regularly monitored for developing proper control measures. (deepdyve.com)
- The automated repetitive element sequence-based PCR (rep-PCR) system (DiversiLab) has been shown to offer superior typeability and similar discriminatory power when compared with pulsed field gel electrophoresis, while saving time and labor, when identifying Campylobacter strains from various sources (Healy et al. (deepdyve.com)
- Ten strains of an unknown Campylobacter species were isolated from the livers of chickens with spotty liver disease in Australia. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Unlike most other species of the genus Campylobacter , most of the tested strains of this novel species hydrolysed hippurate and half of them could not reduce nitrate. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene and the heat shock protein 60 ( hsp60 ) gene sequences indicated that the strains formed a robust clade that was clearly distinct from recognized Campylobacter species. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Taken together, these data indicate that the strains belong to a novel Campylobacter species, for which the name Campylobacter hepaticus sp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Excrement from ried a variety of Campylobacter strains with different type characteristics. (cdc.gov)
- Specificity of oligonucleotide probes was tested in a colony blot assay with type strains of 15 Campylobacter and Arcobacter species as well as in a slot blot format using genomic DNA extracted from field strains of C. fetus and C. hyointestinalis. (mysciencework.com)
- The strains, which exhibited characteristics of Campylobacter, being non-glucose-fermenting, oxidase- and catalase-positive, Gram-negative, motile rods, were identified to the genus level by a PCR assay. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Pure cultures of the Campylobacter strains isolated from the four probe-negative, culture-positive stool specimens gave positive reactions with the SNAP. (mysciencework.com)
- Isolates with types indistinguishable from, or similar to, the outbreak types were found only on one farm near the town of Walkerton, whereas cattle from other farms carried a variety of Campylobacter strains with different type characteristics. (cdc.gov)
- When susceptibility to 12 different antimicrobials was tested, it was concluded that Finnish C. hyointestinalis strains remain susceptible to most antimicrobials of veterinary importance. (helsinki.fi)
- This was confirmed by microbiological isolation of three Campylobacter portucalensis strains responsible for false positive results. (biomedcentral.com)
- Genetic divergence of Campylobacter fetus strains of mammal and reptile origins. (thefreedictionary.com)
- emergence of resistance to erythromycin and fluoroquinolones in thermotolerant campylobacter strains isolated from feces 1987-1991. (liverpool.ac.uk)
- Campylobacter upsaliensis is a gram negative bacteria in the Campylobacter genus. (wikipedia.org)
- The genus Campylobacter , (meaning 'twisted bacteria') first discovered in 1963 [ 1 ] , describes Gram-negative , spiral, microaerophilic bacteria . (thefullwiki.org)
- A 16S rRNA Campylobacter genus-specific probe was also used. (asm.org)
- nov., and emended description of the genus Campylobacter. (semanticscholar.org)
- During independent diagnostic screenings of otariid seals in California (USA) and phocid seals in Scotland (UK), Campylobacter -like isolates, which differed from the established taxa of the genus Campylobacter , were cultured from abscesses and internal organs of different seal species. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- This study shows clearly that the isolates obtained from pinnipeds represent a novel species within the genus Campylobacter , for which the name Campylobacter pinnipediorum sp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Campylobacter (meaning "curved bacteria") is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria . (wikipedia.org)
- The genus Campylobacter includes many species, some of which are known human and animal pathogens. (biomedcentral.com)
- The genus Campylobacter was described by the scientists of Sebald and Véron in 1963. (mlst.net)
- Bacteria of the genus Campylobacter and of the related genera Arcobacter and Helicobacter ( Chap. 151 ) cause a variety of inflammatory conditions. (mhmedical.com)
- The Campylobacter genus is a Gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacterium and includes 23 recorded species in the NCBI Taxonomy division. (biomedcentral.com)
- Overall, this study reveals that PCR assays solely directed to a subspecies target originate a high rate of false positive results, due to the presence of parA and ISCfe1 homologous sequences in other bacterial species, namely of the genus Campylobacter . (biomedcentral.com)
- gracilis, originally known as Bacteroides gracilis, was transferred to the genus Campylobacter in 1995 after analysis of the cellular fatty acids, respiratory quinones, and proteins of B. (thefreedictionary.com)
- much more isolates of several other species Capmatinib than C. lari of the genus Campylobacter including atypical species. (pafr-inhibitor.com)
- The first step, using EntericBio® (Serosep), a multiplex PCR system, detected Campylobacter to the genus level. (cit.ie)
- A total of 340 samples were confirmed as Campylobacter genus positive, 329 of which were identified to species level with 33 samples containing mixed Campylobacter infections. (cit.ie)
- Véron M, Chatelain R. Taxonomic study of the genus Campylobacter Sebald and Véron and designation of the neotype strain for the type species, Campylobacter fetus (Smith and Taylor) Sebald and Véron. (dsmz.de)
- Campylobacteriosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Campylobacter. (hhs.gov)
- We propose the use of PCR because it retains high sensitivity, can ascertain burden, and can distinguish between Campylobacter infections at the species level. (asm.org)
- Campylobacter upsaliensis infections in humans can cause Campylobacteriosis, a more significant gastroenteritis. (wikipedia.org)
- The symptoms of campylobacter infections were describe in 1886 in infants by Theodor Escherish. (thefullwiki.org)
- The fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) fingerprinting method was tested for its ability to identify and subtype the most important Campylobacter species found in veterinary infections. (nih.gov)
- Campylobacter infections are self-limited, with a relapse rate of 5 to 10% in untreated patients. (health.gov.au)
- Campylobacter infections are usually community acquired, and therefore routine cultures for Campylobacter should not routinely be performed on hospitalised patients with diarrhoea according to the "3-day" rule. (health.gov.au)
- One of these bacterial species is known as Campylobacter which is among the most common bacterial infections in humans. (healthhype.com)
- However, not all Campylobacter species only cause intestinal infections and diarrhea illnesses. (healthhype.com)
- Not all Campylobacter infections will cause symptoms. (healthhype.com)
- The next two sections thoroughly describe the clinical and epidemiologic aspects of campylobacter infections, pathogenesis, and immunity. (asmscience.org)
- There is a high incidence of quinolone- and macrolide-resistant Campylobacter infections in infants under 24 months of age. (asm.org)
- In Lebanon, the true prevalence of Campylobacter infections and the species distribution in childhood diarrhoea are not known. (bvsalud.org)
- The predominant antimicrobial agents for treating Campylobacter infections are erythromycin and ciprofloxacin. (helsinki.fi)
- The aim of this trial was to identify possible infections with Campylobacter fetus in buffalo heifers from a farm in Corrientes Province, Argentina. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Intervention technologies to decrease the numbers of Campylobacter existing in poultry products are hence very important to achieving the goal of reducing Campylobacter infections. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Infections with Campylobacter spp. (cit.ie)
- Campylobacter infections have been tracked passively through the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (NNDSS) since 1993 and actively since 2015 when these infections became nationally notifiable. (cdc.gov)
- FoodNet has conducted active surveillance for Campylobacter infections in sentinel sites since 1996. (cdc.gov)
- While generally causing self-limited diarrhea in humans, Campylobacter may induce severe or systemic infections in immunocompromised or young/elderly patients, which often requires antibiotic therapy with the first-line antibiotics including fluoroquinolones and macrolides. (bvsalud.org)
- In this review article, we will describe Campylobacter-associated disease spectrums and current treatment options, discuss the state of antibiotic resistance and alternative therapies, and provide an evaluation of various approaches that are being developed to control Campylobacter infections in animal reservoirs and the human host. (bvsalud.org)
- Campylobacter diarrhea is frequent bowel movements of usually watery stool that is caused by an infection of the bowels by the Campylobacter species of bacteria. (healthhype.com)
- The Campylobacter bacteria can be spread through several routes and is also one of the possible pathogens to cause traveler's diarrhea especially in areas of south and southeast Asia like Thailand. (healthhype.com)
- Campylobacter diarrhea is caused by Campylobacter species of bacteria but most commonly by Campylobacter jejuni . (healthhype.com)
- There are several routes by which Campylobacter bacteria can be transmitted. (healthhype.com)
- Campylobacter bacteria are one of the common microbes responsible for traveler's diarrhea that is often transmitted to travelers through contaminated food and water. (healthhype.com)
- Classical biochemical tests routinely used for the identification of clinical bacteria often yielded negative or variable results within Campylobacter species. (asmscience.org)
- Debruyne L , On SLW , De Brandt E , Vandamme P . Novel Campylobacter lari -like bacteria from humans and molluscs: description of Campylobacter peloridis sp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Under the influence of atmospheric oxygen, Campylobacter bacteria can turn into a spherical shape. (mlst.net)
- As with many bacteria Campylobacter spp. (biomedcentral.com)
- Campylobacter concisus , which was in last month's update of aerobic bacteria names, is also in the update of anaerobic bacteria that follows because it is an obligate anaerobe. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Members of the Subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria had noted that the specific epithet jejuni was erroneously formed. (dsmz.de)
- Recommendations of the subcommittee on the taxonomy of Campylobacter and related bacteria. (dsmz.de)
- Campylobacter jejuni grows best at 37°C to 42°C and seems to be well-adapted to birds, which have an approximate body temperature of 41°C to 42°C and can carry the bacteria without becoming ill. (cdc.gov)
- Freezing reduces the number of Campylobacter bacteria on raw meat. (cdc.gov)
- Less common Campylobacter species which cause human diseas includes C. lari , C. upsaliensis and C. hyointestinalis . (healthhype.com)
- Campylobacteriosis is an infection by campylobacter. (thefullwiki.org)
- Determining the survival and persistence of Campylobacter at different sites is essential for the development of farm-to-fork strategies for the control and prevention of food-borne campylobacteriosis and, in particular, to inform quantitative risk assessment models. (asm.org)
- Campylobacter jejuni strain CG8421: a refined model for the study of campylobacteriosis and evaluation of campylobacter vaccines in human subjects," Clinical Infectious Diseases , vol. 49, no. 10, pp. 1512-1519, 2009. (hindawi.com)
- Campylobacter can cause a gastrointestinal infection called campylobacteriosis. (wikipedia.org)
- Even though studies have repeatedly identified domestic dogs as a risk factor for human campylobacteriosis, our understanding of Campylobacter ecology in this reservoir is limited. (biomedcentral.com)
- Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, the Netherlands WHO Collaborating Center for Campylobacter/OIE Reference Laboratory for Campylobacteriosis, Utrecht, the Netherlands. (cdc.gov)
- Campylobacter fetus subspecies venerealis is the causative agent of bovine genital campylobacteriosis, asymptomatic in bulls the disease is spread to female cattle causing extensive reproductive loss. (biomedcentral.com)
- 2000). "The genome sequence of the food-borne pathogen Campylobacter jejuni reveals hypervariable sequences. (thefullwiki.org)
- Oligodeoxynucleotide probes for Campylobacter fetus and Campylobacter hyointestinalis based on 16S rRNA sequences. (mysciencework.com)
- Analysis of potential host genomes reveals a robust response against DA10 and DA10-like bacteriophages is driven by CRISPR-mediated immunity with 75% of DA10 ORFs represented as ~ 30 bp spacer sequences in numerous Campylobacter Type II-C CRISPR arrays. (biomedcentral.com)
- C. sp, C. sputorum IVSs in the helix 45 region Then, we carried out PCR amplification of the IVSs, in the central region (helix 45 region) within 23S rRNA gene sequences with the 204 Campylobacter this website isolates, using the primer pair f-/r-Cl23h45. (aurorakinaseb.com)
- Edoxaban Results IVSs in the helix 25 region In the present study, two PCR primer pairs, f-/r-Cl23h25, designed to generate the helix 25 (first quarter) and, f-/r-Cl23h45, the helix 45 (central) regions within the 23S rRNA gene sequences with the 204 Campylobacter isolates were employed. (pafr-inhibitor.com)
- after the 16s rrna gene sequence of campylobacter jejuni was determined and compared with known sequences from other enterobacteria, a primer and probe combination was selected from the region before v3 and the variable regions v3 and v5. (liverpool.ac.uk)
- There is less evidence that Guillain-Barre syndrome may be a potential sequela of Campylobacter upsaliensis infection, however C. upsaliensis has been cultured from individuals with Guillain-Barre, indicating that a potential relationship between the two cannot be ruled out. (wikipedia.org)
- Bacter mia, endocarditis, meningitis, urinary tract infection, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis peritonitis and other extra-intestinal diseases may result from Campylobacter infection. (health.gov.au)
- Submitting stool samples to the laboratory for faecal leucocyte analysis is not recommended as a test for predicting bacterial infection or for selective culturing for Campylobacter or other stool pathogens. (health.gov.au)
- Campylobacter jejuni from patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome preferentially expresses a GD1a-like epitope," Infection and Immunity , vol. 70, no. 9, pp. 5299-5303, 2002. (hindawi.com)
- B. Mishu and M. J. Blaser, "Role of infection due to Campylobacter jejuni in the initiation of Guillain-Barre syndrome," Clinical Infectious Diseases , vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 104-108, 1993. (hindawi.com)
- B. M. Allos, "Association between Campylobacter infection and Guillain-Barre syndrome," Journal of Infectious Diseases , vol. 176, no. 6, pp. (hindawi.com)
- Campylobacter infection in wild artiodactyl species from southern Spain: occurrence, risk factors and antimicrobial susceptibility. (semanticscholar.org)
- Isolates of Campylobacter jejuni and vehicles of infection other than food, including water (6). (cdc.gov)
- However, with regards to Campylobacter diarrheal ollnesses the symptoms are largely the same irrespective of which Campylobacter species causes the bowel infection. (healthhype.com)
- G. M. Ruiz-Palacios, "The health burden of Campylobacter infection and the impact of antimicrobial resistance: playing chicken," Clinical Infectious Diseases , vol. 44, no. 5, pp. 701-703, 2007. (hindawi.com)
- N. McCarthy and J. Giesecke, "Incidence of Guillain-Barré syndrome following infection with Campylobacter jejuni ," American Journal of Epidemiology , vol. 153, no. 6, pp. 610-614, 2001. (hindawi.com)
- The sporadic nature of Campylobacter infection causes underreporting and hampers the identification of the infection source [ 3 ]. (mdpi.com)
- The understanding of clinical aspects, epidemiology, pathogenesis, genomic diversity, and glycobiology of Campylobacter infection has greatly increased. (asmscience.org)
- Given the lack of association between personal exposure to macrolides and a subsequent Campylobacter infection resistant to macrolides, there is a need to evaluate the source of multidrug-resistant (MDR) Campylobacter . (asm.org)
- Another source of infection is contact with infected animals, which often carry Campylobacter asymptomatically. (wikipedia.org)
- The activities of endogenous temperate bacteriophages have been used to evaluate genomic rearrangements and differential protein expression in host cells, and mechanisms of resistance to bacteriophage infection in campylobacters such as phase variation and CRISPR-mediated immunity. (biomedcentral.com)
- Waterborne outbreaks of Campylobacter tend to occur in spring or early fall, an association attributed to seasonality of surface water contamination and infection in cattle herds ( 5 ). (cdc.gov)
- and for the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of Campylobacter infection. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
- andaa) a peptide comprising the amino acid sequence KVQIIPKDTLAPLPP (SEQ ID NO: 27) or a fragment thereof which is capable of preventing Campylobacter spp infection. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
- People can get Campylobacter infection by eating raw or undercooked poultry or eating something that touched it. (cdc.gov)
- Although people with Campylobacter infection usually recover on their own, some need antibiotic treatment. (cdc.gov)
- Campylobacter infection is the most commonly identified cause of Guillan-Barré syndrome. (cdc.gov)
- CDC estimates that 1.5 million people in the United States become ill from Campylobacter infection every year. (cdc.gov)
- Most people with Campylobacter infection recover completely within one week. (cdc.gov)
- Campylobacter infection can result in long-term consequences, such as arthritis, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) . (cdc.gov)
- Most cases of Campylobacter infection occur after someone eats raw or undercooked poultry or another food that has been contaminated by raw or undercooked poultry. (cdc.gov)
- Outbreaks of Campylobacter infection are infrequently reported relative to the number of illnesses. (cdc.gov)
- Anyone can become infected with Campylobacter but infection is more common in males, children younger than 5 years, and people 65 years and older. (cdc.gov)
- In persons with compromised immune systems, Campylobacter occasionally spreads to the bloodstream and causes a serious life-threatening infection. (hhs.gov)
- Over the past decade, studies on human hosted Campylobacter species strongly suggest that Campylobacter concisus plays a role in the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). (frontiersin.org)
- In addition to C. concisus , humans are also colonized by a number of other Campylobacter species, most of which are in the oral cavity. (frontiersin.org)
- Here we review the most recent advancements on C. concisus and other human hosted Campylobacter species including their clinical relevance, transmission, virulence factors, disease associated genes, interactions with the human immune system and pathogenic mechanisms. (frontiersin.org)
- Delineation of Campylobacter concisus genomospecies by amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis and correlation of results with clinical data. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Following sequencing and alignment analyses, in the helix 45 region, 30 C. hyointestinalis, Glycogen branching enzyme fourteen C. sputorum biovar sputorum, biovar fecalis and paraureolyticus and 10 C. concisus isolates were shown not to carry any IVSs. (aurorakinaseb.com)
- Colony lifts of campylobacters were hybridized sequentially with up to two labeled strain-specific probes, followed by the generic 16S rRNA probe. (asm.org)
- It is concluded that AFLP analysis is a valuable tool for concurrent identification of campylobacters at the species, subspecies and strain levels. (nih.gov)
- A real-time PCR screening test for the strain-specific detection of campylobacters in environmental samples has been developed to address this issue. (asm.org)
- Of the 303 children, 33.1% had been diagnosed with a Campylobacter strain nonsusceptible to both azithromycin and ciprofloxacin. (asm.org)
- Groups of 20 chickens with Campylobacter -free adult gut flora were inoculated with 10 7 CFU of either strain. (bioz.com)
- Phylogenetic relationships of Campylobacter hyointestinalis subspecies were examined by means of 16S rRNA gene sequencing. (nih.gov)
- Campylobacter fetus currently comprises three recognized subspecies, which display distinct host association. (cdc.gov)
- To aid the detection and treatment of cattle infected with Campylobacter fetus our genomic analysis has identified candidate subspecies specific genes that can be used as diagnostic tools. (biomedcentral.com)
- For samples from patients with acute Campylobacter enteritis, the sensitivity of direct microscopic examination has been reported to range from 66 to 94% and the specificity is high. (health.gov.au)
- Although gastroenteritis is usually caused by viruses, Campylobacter enteritis accounts for about 7% of all cases of gastroenteritis. (healthhype.com)
- Campylobacter enteritis cases are usually self-limiting, but treatment with antibiotics may be required e. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Various selective media have been used for Campylobacter isolation [ 18 ], with most relying on a cocktail of antibiotics in a rich basal medium to selectively isolate Campylobacter . (biomedcentral.com)
- Campylobacters can be quickly outgrown by contaminating microbes during prolonged transport to the laboratory, and isolation of pure colonies for downstream testing can be difficult. (seobookmark-page.info)
- A confirmed case is the isolation of Campylobacter spp. (cdc.gov)
- the isolation and nature of campylobacters (microaerophilic vibrios) from laboratory and wild rodents. (liverpool.ac.uk)
- Chon, Jung-Whan;Lee, Soo-Kyung;Yoon, Yohan;Yoon, Ki-Sun;Kwak, Hyo-Sun;Joo, In-Sun;Seo, Kun-Ho 2018-07-11 00:00:00 Abstract The objective of this study was to assess the quantitative prevalence, antibiotic resistance, and molecular subtyping pattern of Campylobacter isolates from chicken and duck products from poultry slaughterhouses in South Korea. (deepdyve.com)
- C. sputorum biovar fecalis ATCC 33711, 650-bp fragment of 23S rRNA (which occurred in all Campylobacter spp. (asm.org)
- Emended description of Campylobacter sputorum and revision of its infrasubspecific (biovar) divisions, including C. sputorum biovar paraureolyticus , a urease-producing variant from cattle and humans. (tgw1916.net)
- Campylobacter hyointestinalis is a species of Campylobacter implicated as a pathogen in gastroenteritis and diarrhoea in humans. (wikipedia.org)
- C. upsaliensis is the second most common Campylobacter species isolated in humans with diarrhea (behind Campylobacter jejuni). (wikipedia.org)
- Several Campylobacter species utilize humans as their natural host and accumulated evidence supports their role in chronic inflammatory diseases of the human intestinal tract. (frontiersin.org)
- Campylobacter jejuni is a major reported cause of acute bacterial diarrheal disease in humans in the industrialized world. (asm.org)
- Results of these analyses confirmed results birds and animals, including cattle, has been shown to con- from epidemiologic studies and the utility of using several taminate surface water supplies used by humans infected different typing and subtyping methods for completely char- with Campylobacter (9). (cdc.gov)
- Additionally, new findings on the extent of campylobacter in the food supply, transmission of antibiotic resistant campylobacters from food animals to humans, and control of campylobacter at the food source are included. (asmscience.org)
- Most Campylobacter species can cause disease and can infect humans and other animals. (wikipedia.org)
-  humans can contract the disease from eating food contaminated with Campylobacter species. (wikipedia.org)
- Excrement from birds and animals, including cattle, has been shown to contaminate surface water supplies used by humans infected with Campylobacter ( 9 ). (cdc.gov)
- Research in the virulence characteristics of this pathogen is currently very limited due to its high susceptibility to the antibiotics commonly used in Campylobacter selective media. (wikipedia.org)
- The National Antimicrobial Monitoring System (NARMS ) monitors antimicrobial susceptibility to a range of antibiotics for a convenience sample of Campylobacter isolates from people. (cdc.gov)
- The molecular characterization using subtyping methods for epidemiological Campylobacter tracing is important in surveillance for potential bacterial pathogens in various sample types. (deepdyve.com)
- With several of the detected Campylobacter species known or emerging pathogens, these results are relevant to both ecological and public health discussions. (biomedcentral.com)
- The identification of sites resulting in cross-contamination of poultry flocks in the abattoir and determination of the survival and persistence of campylobacters at these sites are essential for the development of intervention strategies aimed at reducing the microbial burden on poultry at retail. (asm.org)
- Reducing colonization of poultry flocks by Campylobacter spp. (asm.org)
- Such a novel strategy provides the opportunity to investigate the epidemiology of campylobacters in poultry flocks and allows targeted biosecurity interventions to be developed. (asm.org)
- A total of 240 chicken (n = 120) and duck (n = 120) carcass samples collected from 12 poultry slaughterhouses between June 2014 and February 2015 in 12 South Korean cities was tested, and 131 samples were positive for Campylobacter. (deepdyve.com)
- Meats, especially poultry meats, are the most frequent source of Campylobacter, although it can be found in other foods (Oyarzabal et al. (deepdyve.com)
- are a natural part of the intestinal flora in poultry, and the number of Campylobacter in a carcass rinse can vary when present (Line et al. (deepdyve.com)
- Considering the goal of total elimination of Campylobacter from poultry, the quantitative evaluation of Campylobacter in poultry samples is important. (deepdyve.com)
- 2014). The objective of this study was to quantitatively determine the prevalence of Campylobacter isolates from chicken and duck products from poultry slaughterhouses in South Korea. (deepdyve.com)
- Diseases arise from the consumption of raw water from open reservoirs contaminated with campylobacter, as well as from emergency water supply networks contaminated with sewage discharges, sewage from meat processing plants, poultry, and livestock facilities. (mlst.net)
- FSIS will require that all poultry companies take measures to prevent salmonella and Campylobacter contamination, rather than addressing contamination after it occurs. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Digestive tracts of domesticated animals farmed for meat (especially poultry, pigs, cattle and sheep) and wild warm-blooded animals are significant reservoirs of thermotolerant Campylobacters . (biomedcentral.com)
- Campylobacter ureolyticus: an emerging gastrointestinal pathogen? (semanticscholar.org)
- pathogen is C. jejuni , which accounts for 80-90% of all cases of recognized illness due to campylobacters and related genera. (mhmedical.com)
- Campylobacter fetus of reptile origin as a human pathogen. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Campylobacter is an enteric pathogen and a leading bacterial cause of diarrhea worldwide. (bvsalud.org)
Detection of Campylobacter5
- Detection of Campylobacter in human and animal field samples in Cambodia. (semanticscholar.org)
- Use of PCR for direct detection of Campylobacter species in bovine feces. (semanticscholar.org)
- While the SNAP had excellent sensitivity and specificity for isolated bacterial colony isolates, the main limitation to the Campylobacter probe detection kit may be the sensitivity limit on direct detection of Campylobacter organisms in stools. (mysciencework.com)
- The use of CIDTs as stand-alone tests for the direct detection of Campylobacter in stool is increasing. (cdc.gov)
- rapid and sensitive detection of campylobacter spp. (liverpool.ac.uk)
- Campylobacter , along with Arcobacter and Sulfurospirillum , are the three genera that belong to the family, Campylobacteraceae. (frontiersin.org)
- This chapter presents an overview of the biological diversity of Campylobacter species and Arcobacter species and also addresses the taxonomic information that has become available through whole-genome sequence analysis. (asmscience.org)
- Campylobacter , Arcobacter , and Helicobacter . (mhmedical.com)
- Originally believed to be a species of Campylobacter, the organism was reclassified as Helicobacter pylori in 1989. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Effects of subtherapeutic administration of antimicrobial agents to beef cattle on the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance in Campylobacter jeju. (nih.gov)
- The influence of antimicrobial agents on the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Campylobacter isolates recovered from 300 beef cattle maintained in an experimental feedlot was monitored over a 315-day period (11 sample times). (nih.gov)
- Campylobacter-like organisms were isolated from the faeces of healthy individuals during a hygiene survey of abattoir workers. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- This poor biochemical reactivity and lack of clear-cut differential characters led to the wide application of vernacular names for many groups of Campylobacter-like organisms (CLOs). (asmscience.org)
- Levels of individual Campylobacter species detected ranged from 10 3 to 10 8 organisms per gram of feces. (biomedcentral.com)
- In addition, the authors wished to comparatively analyze the IVSs among the Campylobacter organisms. (pafr-inhibitor.com)
- Characterization and antigenicity of recombinant Campylobacter jejuni flagellar capping protein FliD. (semanticscholar.org)
- Reclassification of Bacteroides ureolyticus as Campylobacter ureolyticus comb. (semanticscholar.org)
Isolates of Campylobacter jejuni1
- Numbers and sequence types (STs) of isolates of Campylobacter jejuni from surface water samples compared with numbers of human cases of ST-45 (line) for 2004 and 2005, by 4-week interval. (bioz.com)
- The crucial role of Campylobacter jejuni genes in anti-ganglioside antibody induction in Guillain-Barré syndrome," Journal of Clinical Investigation , vol. 114, no. 11, pp. 1659-1665, 2004. (hindawi.com)
- A new variant of cytolethal distending toxin in a clinical isolate of Campylobacter hyointestinalis. (semanticscholar.org)
- When applied directly to clinical specimens, the SNAP detected Campylobacter spp. (mysciencework.com)
- in terms of the clinical features of the illnesses they cause, these species most closely resemble Campylobacter rather than H. pylori ( Chap. 151 ) and thus are considered in this chapter. (mhmedical.com)
- The confusing taxonomy of Campylobacter over the past decades make identifying the earliest reports of Campylobacter bacteriophages difficult. (wikipedia.org)
- Immunopathology and Th1/Th2 immune response of Campylobacter jejuni -induced paralysis resembling Guillain-Barré syndrome in chicken," Medical Microbiology and Immunology , vol. 201, no. 2, pp. 177-187, 2012. (hindawi.com)
- Carcass contamination is related to the within-flock prevalence of campylobacter colonization ( 1 ). (asm.org)
- AIMS To determine the prevalence of chronic shedding of Campylobacter species by beef cattle, a longitudinal study of shedding patterns was conducted in a cohort of 60 beef steers over a 4-month period. (semanticscholar.org)
- Temporal variation in the prevalence and species richness of Campylobacter spp. (semanticscholar.org)
- This study in 2010 investigated the prevalence of Campylobacter species and its possible etiologic role in childhood diarrhoea in north Lebanon. (bvsalud.org)
- faeces voided by eight species of laboratory or feral rodents were cultured for campylobacters by means of selective methods. (liverpool.ac.uk)
- Campylobacter is a common bacterial enteropathogen that can be detected in stool by culture, enzyme immunoassay (EIA), or PCR. (asm.org)
- Campylobacter -negative stool spiked with each of the above-mentioned Campylobacter species revealed reactivity with EIA. (asm.org)
- The Gram's stain procedure has been used successfully to detect Campylobacter directly in stool samples. (health.gov.au)
- Enriched broth cultures have been used to enhance the recovery of Campylobacter from stool samples. (health.gov.au)
- Stool samples from asymptomatic children ( n = 10,008) and those with diarrhea ( n = 3,175) were cultured for Campylobacter . (asm.org)
Genomes of several2
Upsaliensis can cause2
- the effect of the nitroimidazole drug dimetridazole on microaerophilic campylobacters. (liverpool.ac.uk)
- The objective of this study was to determine the phenotypic patterns of antibiotic resistance and the epidemiology of drug-resistant Campylobacter spp. (asm.org)
- Campylobacter species can cause mild to severe diarrhea, with loose, watery stools often followed by bloody diarrhea (7,20). (fda.gov)
- What is Campylobacter diarrhea? (healthhype.com)
- Campylobacter diarrhea tends to affect the jejunum and ileum of the small intestine but can extend to the large intestine, sometimes extending all the way to the rectum. (healthhype.com)
- Antibiotic resistances in Campylobacter jejuni and non- C. jejuni isolates from surveillance and diarrhea samples were compared, and the association between personal macrolide exposure and subsequent occurrence of a macrolide-resistant Campylobacter spp. (asm.org)
- Campylobacter is a fastidious Gram-negative bacterium considered to be a common cause of acute, self-limiting gastroenteritis in the developed world ( 1 ). (asm.org)
- Campylobacter upsaliensis shares the characteristic appearance of other Campylobacter species: it is a curved to spiral, gram-negative rod that displays darting motility. (wikipedia.org)
- Campylobacter is a globally disseminated Gram-negative zoonotic bacterium that is the main cause of gastrointestinal disease in children and adults. (asm.org)
- [ 5 ] The first Campylobacter genome to be sequenced was C. jejuni , in 2000. (thefullwiki.org)
- The GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ/PIR accession number for the whole genome shotgun project for Campylobacter hepaticus sp. (microbiologyresearch.org)
-   These genome studies have identified molecular markers specific to members of Campylobacter . (wikipedia.org)
- during the period 1987 to 1991 a retrospective study was performed to determine the resistance of thermotolerant campylobacter species isolated from feces to erythromycin and fluoroquinolones. (liverpool.ac.uk)
Species in bovine1
- Campylobacter species in bovine faeces. (semanticscholar.org)
- CDC estimates Campylobacter is the #1 cause of bacterial diarrheal illness in the United States. (cdc.gov)
Polymerase chain re1
- the polymerase chain reaction (pcr) after a short enrichment culture was used to detect campylobacter spp. (liverpool.ac.uk)
- 2007). In South Korea, both antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance in Campylobacter isolates from meats are higher than in other countries (Bardon et al. (deepdyve.com)