A plant family of the order Campanulales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida
A plant genus of the family CAMPANULACEAE used medicinally and is a source of LOBELINE.
A plant genus of the family CAMPANULACEAE that contains platycodin and other triterpenoid SAPONINS. It is a constituent of kikyo-to (MEDICINE, KAMPO).
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
The reproductive organs of plants.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A plant genus of the family PAPAVERACEAE that contains benzo[c]phenanthridine alkaloids.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
The MEDITERRANEAN SEA, the MEDITERRANEAN ISLANDS, and the countries bordering on the sea collectively.
A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.
Any of certain small mammals of the order Hyracoidea.
The former British crown colony located off the southeast coast of China, comprised of Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and New Territories. The three sites were ceded to the British by the Chinese respectively in 1841, 1860, and 1898. Hong Kong reverted to China in July 1997. The name represents the Cantonese pronunciation of the Chinese xianggang, fragrant port, from xiang, perfume and gang, port or harbor, with reference to its currents sweetened by fresh water from a river west of it.
A plant genus of the family CAMPANULACEAE. The common name of bellflower may sometimes be confused with other plants in the family that have similar appearance.
Substances that alter the metabolism of LIPIDS.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain CEREBROSIDES and SCOPOLETIN.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The common names of daisy or marguerite are easily confused with other plants. Some species in this genus have been reclassified to TANACETUM.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. The common name of snakeroot is also used for POLYGALA; SANICULA; ARISTOLOCHIA and others.
A plant family of the order Lamiales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are opposite or whorled. The flowers are aggregated in spikes, clusters, or racemes.
A plant family in the order Sapindales that grows in warmer regions and has conspicuous flowers.
A plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida.
Blocking of maternal circulation by AMNIOTIC FLUID that is forced into uterine VEINS by strong UTERINE CONTRACTION near the end of pregnancy. It is characterized by the sudden onset of severe respiratory distress and HYPOTENSION that can lead to maternal DEATH.
Aid for consistent recording of data such as tasks completed and observations noted.
Artificial respiration (RESPIRATION, ARTIFICIAL) using an oxygenated fluid.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE with strong-smelling foliage. It is a source of SANTONIN and other cytotoxic TERPENES.
Non-native organisms brought into a region, habitat, or ECOSYSTEM by human activity.
Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain galegine (GUANIDINES).
Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.
Musculoskeletal manipulation based on the principles of OSTEOPATHIC MEDICINE developed in 1874 by Dr Andrew Taylor Still.
A plant genus in the LAURACEAE family. The common name of stinkwood is also used for Zieria (RUTACEAE).
The order Actiniaria, in the class ANTHOZOA, comprised of large, solitary polyps. All species are carnivorous.
A phylum of radially symmetrical invertebrates characterized by possession of stinging cells called nematocysts. It includes the classes ANTHOZOA; CUBOZOA; HYDROZOA, and SCYPHOZOA. Members carry CNIDARIAN VENOMS.
A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.
A dye that is a mixture of violet rosanilinis with antibacterial, antifungal, and anthelmintic properties.
Either of the two fleshy, full-blooded margins of the mouth.
Tumors or cancer of the LIP.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.
The field of biology which deals with the process of the growth and differentiation of an organism.
A plant species of the genus VICIA, family FABACEAE. The seed is used for food and contains THIOCYANATES such as prunasin, cyanoalanine, cyanogen, and vicine.
Processes occurring in various organisms by which new genes are copied. Gene duplication may result in a MULTIGENE FAMILY; supergenes or PSEUDOGENES.

Two new pyrrolidine alkaloids, radicamines A and B, as inhibitors of alpha-glucosidase from Lobelia chinensis Lour. (1/28)

Two new pyrrolidine alkaloids, radicamines A and B were isolated as inhibitors of alpha-glucosidase from Lobelia chinensis Lour. (Campanulaceae). Radicamines A and B were formulated as (2S,3S,4S,5S)-2-hydroxymethyl-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)-pyrroli dine (1) and (2S,3S,4S,5S)-2-hydroxymethyl-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-pyrrolidine (2) on the basis of spectroscopic analyses and chemical methods.  (+info)

Saponins from platycodi radix ameliorate high fat diet-induced obesity in mice. (2/28)

We examined the effects of crude saponins isolated from Platycodi radix on the degree on fat storage induced in mice by feeding a high fat diet for 9 wk. We reported previously that feeding mice a high fat diet for a longer time caused obesity and fatty liver compared with those fed a low fat diet, nonpurified diet. Feeding a high fat diet containing 10 or 30 g/kg crude saponins prevented the body and parametrial adipose tissue weight increases and hepatic steatosis of mice fed the high fat diet alone. Furthermore, crude saponins (375 mg/kg) inhibited the elevations in blood triacylglycerol in rats orally administered a lipid emulsion compared with that of rats given the lipid emulsion alone. Previously, we reported that crude saponins inhibited pancreatic lipase activity in vitro. To identify the active substance(s) of crude saponins, we examined the effects of purified platycodin D, the primary saponin in the crude mixture, on pancreatic lipase activity and on the blood triacylglycerol elevation in rats administered the oral lipid emulsion tolerance test. Platycodin D (0.5 and 1.0 g/L) inhibited pancreatic lipase activity in vitro and at a dose of 244 mg/kg, inhibited the elevation of blood triacylglycerol. Therefore, the antiobesity effect of the crude saponins in mice fed a high fat diet may be due to the inhibition of intestinal absorption of dietary fat by platycodin D.  (+info)

Selective accumulation of delphinidin derivatives in tobacco using a putative flavonoid 3',5'-hydroxylase cDNA from Campanula medium. (3/28)

Blue flowers generally contain 3',5'-hydroxylated anthocyanins (delphinidin derivatives) as pigments, which are formed only in the presence of flavonoid 3',5'-hydroxylases (F3'5'H). Heterologous expression of a F3'5'H gene therefore provides an opportunity to produce novel blue flowers for a number of ornamental plants missing blue flowering varieties. However, our previous study indicated difficulties in obtaining good accumulation of delphinidin derivatives in plants expressing F3'5'H. Here we report the isolation of a putative F3'5'H cDNA (Ka1) from canterbury bells (Campanula medium) and its expression in tobacco. Surprisingly, compared with other F3'5'H cDNAs, Ka1 encoded a protein with a unique primary structure that conferred high competence in the accumulation of delphinidin derivatives (up to 99% of total anthocyanins) and produced novel purple flowers. These results suggest that, among F3'5' H cDNAs, Ka1 is the best genetic resource for the creation of fine blue flowers by genetic engineering.  (+info)

Outcrossing rate and inbreeding depression in the herbaceous autotetraploid, Campanula americana. (4/28)

Polyploidy in angiosperms is frequently associated with an increase in self-compatibility. Self-fertilization can enhance polyploid establishment, and theory predicts reduced inbreeding depression in polyploids relative to diploids. Therefore, we may expect mating systems that promote self-fertilization or mixed-mating in polyploid species. However, few studies have measured polyploid mating systems and inbreeding depression. We report the outcrossing rate and inbreeding depression for Campanula americana, a self-compatible protandrous herb. Allozyme genotypes suggest that C. americana is an autotetraploid with tetrasomic inheritance. We found that the multilocus outcrossing rate, t(m)=0.938, did not differ from unity. This result was unexpected since previous work demonstrated that pollinators frequently move from male- to female-phase flowers on the same plant, that is, geitonogamy. Self and outcross pollinations were conducted for three populations. Offspring were germinated in controlled conditions and grown to maturity in pots in nature. Inbreeding depression was not significant for most seed and germination characters. However, all later life traits except flowering date differed between inbred and outcrossed individuals resulting in a 26% reduction in cumulative fitness for inbred plants. Limited early- and moderate later-life inbreeding depression suggest that it is buffered by the higher levels of heterozygosity found in an autotetraploid. C. americana appears to have a flexible mating system where within flower protandry and/or cryptic self-incompatibility result in a high outcrossing rate when pollinators are abundant, but self-compatibility and limited inbreeding depression maintain reproductive success when mates are limited.  (+info)

Chloroplast DNA rearrangements in Campanulaceae: phylogenetic utility of highly rearranged genomes. (5/28)

BACKGROUND: The Campanulaceae (the "hare bell" or "bellflower" family) is a derived angiosperm family comprised of about 600 species treated in 35 to 55 genera. Taxonomic treatments vary widely and little phylogenetic work has been done in the family. Gene order in the chloroplast genome usually varies little among vascular plants. However, chloroplast genomes of Campanulaceae represent an exception and phylogenetic analyses solely based on chloroplast rearrangement characters support a reasonably well-resolved tree. RESULTS: Chloroplast DNA physical maps were constructed for eighteen representatives of the family. So many gene order changes have occurred among the genomes that characterizing individual mutational events was not always possible. Therefore, we examined different, novel scoring methods to prepare data matrices for cladistic analysis. These approaches yielded largely congruent results but varied in amounts of resolution and homoplasy. The strongly supported nodes were common to all gene order analyses as well as to parallel analyses based on ITS and rbcL sequence data. The results suggest some interesting and unexpected intrafamilial relationships. For example fifteen of the taxa form a derived clade; whereas the remaining three taxa--Platycodon, Codonopsis, and Cyananthus--form the basal clade. This major subdivision of the family corresponds to the distribution of pollen morphology characteristics but is not compatible with previous taxonomic treatments. CONCLUSIONS: Our use of gene order data in the Campanulaceae provides the most highly resolved phylogeny as yet developed for a plant family using only cpDNA rearrangements. The gene order data showed markedly less homoplasy than sequence data for the same taxa but did not resolve quite as many nodes. The rearrangement characters, though relatively few in number, support robust and meaningful phylogenetic hypotheses and provide new insights into evolutionary relationships within the Campanulaceae.  (+info)

Periodical cicadas as resource pulses in North American forests. (6/28)

Resource pulses are occasional events of ephemeral resource superabundance that occur in many ecosystems. Aboveground consumers in diverse communities often respond strongly to resource pulses, but few studies have investigated the belowground consequences of resource pulses in natural ecosystems. This study shows that resource pulses of 17-year periodical cicadas (Magicicada spp.) directly increase microbial biomass and nitrogen availability in forest soils, with indirect effects on growth and reproduction in forest plants. These findings suggest that pulses of periodical cicadas create "bottom-up cascades," resulting in strong and reciprocal links between the aboveground and belowground components of a North American forest ecosystem.  (+info)

Artificial selection shifts flowering phenology and other correlated traits in an autotetraploid herb. (7/28)

There is mounting evidence that plants are responding to anthropogenic climate change with shifts in flowering phenologies. We conducted a three-generation artificial selection experiment on flowering time in Campanulastrum americanum, an autotetraploid herb, to determine the potential for adaptive evolution of this trait as well as possible costs associated with enhanced or delayed flowering. Divergent selection for earlier and later flowering resulted in a 25-day difference in flowering time. Experiment-wide heritability was 0.31 and 0.23 for the initiation of flowering in early and late lines, respectively. Selection for earlier flowering resulted in significant correlated responses in other traits including smaller size, fewer branches, smaller floral displays, longer fruit maturation times, fewer seeds per fruit and slower seed germination. Results suggest that although flowering time shows the potential to adapt to a changing climate, phenological shifts may be associated with reduced plant fitness possibly hindering evolutionary change.  (+info)

Character displacement among bat-pollinated flowers of the genus Burmeistera: analysis of mechanism, process and pattern. (8/28)

Coexisting plants that share pollinators can compete through interspecific pollen transfer. A long-standing idea holds that divergence in floral morphology may reduce this competition by placing pollen on different regions of the pollinator's bodies. However, surprisingly little empirical support for this idea exists. Burmeistera is a diverse neotropical genus that exhibits wide interspecific variation in the degree to which the reproductive parts are exserted outside the corolla. Coexisting Burmeistera share bats as their primary pollinators, and the degree of exsertion determines the site of pollen deposition on the bats' heads. Here we study the mechanism, process and pattern of floral character displacement for assemblages of coexisting Burmeistera. Flight cage experiments with bats and pairs of Burmeistera species demonstrate that the greater the divergence in exsertion length, the less pollen transferred interspecifically. Null model analyses of exsertion lengths for 19 species of Burmeistera across 18 sites (each containing two to four species) demonstrate that observed assemblage structure is significantly overdispersed relative to what would be expected by chance. Local evolution, rather than ecological sorting, appears to be the primary process driving this pattern of overdispersion because local adaptation of the nine widespread species accounts for a large portion of the observed pattern. Taken together, results of this study provide strong support for the idea that competition through interspecific pollen transfer can drive character displacement in plants.  (+info)

Evolutionary Developmental Biology (Evo-Devo). Tong, Jingjing [1], Knox, Eric [2], Morden, Clifford [3], Cellinese, Nico [4], Howarth, Dianella [5]. Duplication and expression of CYCLOIDEA-like genes in Campanulaceae.. Shifts between radially symmetrical flowers and bilaterally symmetrical (zygomorphic) flowers occur many times independently in the diversification of flowering plants. Evidence from across angiosperms indicates that CYCLOIDEA-like (CYC) genes, which belong to the TCP gene family, play an important role in dorsal specific identity in bilaterally symmetrical flowers. In the core eudicots, two duplications have led to three clades of CYC-like genes: CYC1, CYC2 and CYC3. We focus on the evolution of CYC-like genes in the Campanulaceae, which is a large and world-wide eudicot group, with multiple symmetrical floral forms. We identified all three CamCYC paralogs from across Campanulaceae. We show that gene duplication is most common in CamCYC2, specifically in the bilaterally symmetric ...
Campanula flowers look best spilling over a tall pot or a hanging basket. Campanula isophylla is a trailing form of bellflower plants. Get tips for growing campanula flower as a house plant.
The Campanulaceae, also known as the bellflower family, contains about 2,400 species, mostly herbaceous plants and shrubs, often with a milky, non-toxic sap.. ...
Two new species in Campanulaceae, Theilera capensis D.Y. Hong and Craterocapsa alfredica D.Y. Hong, are described from South Africa. Theilera capensis is different from T. guthriei in having oblong leaves on short branches, corolla lobes nearly as long as the tube, filaments conspicuously dilated, and an annular disc. Craterocapsa alfredica is relatively close to C. insizwae, but differs from it in having ovate or ovate-lanceolate leaves, narrow-lanceolate calyx lobes, and a 3-lobed stigma ...
Campanulais a species-rich genus with high variability of the morphological traits, controversial taxonomic treatments within the Mediterranean basin as a species diversity center. One of the...
The delicate deep blue flowers of Harebell often re-bloom in fall up until the first hard frost. Campanula rotundifolia excels in thin, rocky soils, as well as dry sand. Perfect for rock gardens and dry, semi-shaded slopes, it is also referred to as Blue Bellflower.
Plena is a low-growing cultivar, bearing small heart-shaped leaves and clusters of tiny double bellflowers in midnight blue-violet. Vast group of plants in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. Handsome blooms, typically bell-shaped, blue flower from spring to fall. Leaves at base of plant are larger and broader than
C. waldsteiniana is a low-growing perennial forming a clump of emerald green, dentated oval leaves and upturned bellflowers in sky blue. Vast group of plants in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. Handsome blooms, typically bell-shaped, blue flower from spring to fall. Leaves at base of plant are larger and broader
Campanula latifolia - This vigorous, upright perennial bears tubular-bell-shaped flowers in shades of blue, violet or white from axils of the upper leaves in summer. Height to 4 feet; spread 2 feet.
Campanula, otherwise known as bellflower, are attractive perennial garden plants with profuse, colourful flowers and a lengthy blooming period. They are also known as bluebells, but the name is misleading--Campanula are available in many shades, including palest white, cherry red and deep purple.
Campanulas, known to many gardeners as bellflowers, are a group of over 250 species of flowering plants of varying sizes and habit. Some varieties have edible leaves that are sometimes used as a ...
Subspecies: C. topaliana subsp. cordifolia - C. topaliana subsp. delphica - C. topaliana subsp. topaliana. Name. Campanula topaliana Beauverd. References. * Candollea; Organe du Conservatoire et du Jardin Botaniques de la Ville de Genève. Geneva 7:268. ...
ventitious shoots, the average number was lower (5.8) compared to (11.8) of type I explants (Table 2). Thus, type I stem explants, obtained from the uppermost region of the shoot, near to the shoot tip, were most competent for regeneration and the competence decreased as the stem matured, similar to earlier observations in chrysanthemum (Lu et al., 1990).. Multiplication of Adventitious Shoots. Adventitious shoots formed a new crop of multiple shoots when separated and transferred to solid MS medium containing 4.44, 8.88, 17.75 or 35.51 M BA. The highest number of axillary shoots (30.7) per adventitious bud cultured was obtained on medium supplemented with 17.75 M BA after 50 days of culture (Table 3). In liquid MS medium supplemented with 17.75 M BA, more axillary shoots (44.5) per adventitious bud cultured were obtained than on solid medium after 50 days of culture. However, vitrification of shoots was observed when shoots multiplied in liquid medium, as reported for many crops cultured in ...
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Family Description:. This is a family of herbaceous plants that are perennial or biennial. Their leaves are basal or alternate, simple, and estipulate. The flower calyx and corolla are 5-lobed and the petals are fused. The fruit is a ribbed capsule.. Plants in Family:. ...
linked to standard floras (PFB, FE, FE2, FH) and annotated checklists (AFE, VPG) giving direct reference to occurrences of plant taxa on the Ionian Islands: ...
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Tall Bellflower reaches from 3-5 feet in height, its blue-violet blooms provide a bright late-summer accent to savanna or woodland plantings.
Perennial or annual herbs, with alternate or basal leaves. Flowers large or small, solitary, racemose, paniculate, or glomerate, regular, complete, flower colors include blue, violet, or white and sometimes pink. Calyx-tube hemispheric, turbinate, obovoid, or prismatic, adnate to the ovary, the limb deeply 5-lobed or 5-parted (rarely 3-4-parted). Corolla campanulate or rotate in shape with 5-lobed or 5-parted flowers that have 5 stamens, free from the corol, filaments usua1y dilated at the base; anthers separate. Ovary inferior, 3-5-cel1ed; stigma 3-5-lobed. Capsule whol1y or partly inferior, crowned by the persistent calyx-lobes, opening on the sides, either near the top, middle or bottom by 3-5 small valves or perforations, or tending to be indehiscent (the fruits do not open and release the seeds) in some species. [Diminutive of the Latin campana, a bell.] About 300 species, natives of the northern hemisphere. In Eastern North America 12 species are native or have been naturalized, some 8 ...
A trailing bell flower with its light blue violet flowers is suitable for growing over walls as it gives a delightful show throughout summer into autumn. Can spread up to 1m.Can be grown in any aspect sun or part shade, in free draining, loamy, neutral to alkaline soil.
The Rapunzel is a biennial herb, classified within the family campanuláceas. Within this family are only interested in plant medicine. This herb has a small roo...
Sortnamn: Sarastro. Höjd: 35 cm. Färg: Mörkblå. Blomtid: Juni-Juli. Läge: Sol-Halvskugga. Växtsätt: Sirligt. Förökning: Görs enklast genom delning av planta. ...
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Number of records. 3. Locations. Borjomi. Associated organisms. Campanula lactiflora; Campanula sp. (stalk). Literature. Murvanishvili (1994) page(s) 59; Nakhutsrishvili (1986) page(s) 586. ...
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At 05:40 PM 01-22-98 -0700, Mary Barkworth wrote: ,A book about plants for children* comments that the Squirting Cucumber ,fills up with water and squirts its seeds out. They travel at about 60 ,miles an hour. Which species is it? Does anyone know a seed source? No, ,I am not planning to check the data, just aim the fruit. And yes, if ,someone knows of a faster seed, I would like to hear of it. Ecballium elaterium (L. ) A. Rich. (Cucurbitaceae). Seeds mixed with a watery fluid are squirted from the hole left when the ripe fruit drops from the pedicel; squirting is caused by contraction of the pericarp. Fruit is the source of a purgative called elaterium. (Willis A. Dictionary of Flowering Plants and Ferns, ed. 8 by H. K. Airy Shaw, 1973). Not sure who the botanist with the timing gun was. Thomas G. Lammers =20 Classification, Nomenclature, Phylogeny and Biogeography of the Campanulaceae, s. lat. =20 Department of Botany =20 Field Museum of Natural History =09 Roosevelt Road at Lake Shore ...
Dear Sirs: I saw the recent(?) thread involving a discussion of recent name changes by Manning, Goldblatt, et al. The last response was by Harold Koopowitz. Please forgive my naivete, I am not sure how these threads work but I did subscribe a few moments ago to the pbs discussion email. Just a few thoughts on this subject. Poulson and Koopowitz both make excellent points, and so the following may be somewhat redundant. There are any number of roughly comparable conundrums in plant taxonomy- whether to split or lump Apiaceae~Araliaceae, Campanulaceae~Lobeliaceae, and the classic example: whether the legumes should be arranged in 3 families or 3 subfamilies. Does it really matter? The purpose of a classification scheme is to allow communication with others regarding recognizable groupings of plants. Some of the original genera treated by Manning, Goldblatt and Fay are no doubt artificial concepts and that some of them should go away after a modern analysis is not surprising. The usefulness or ...
Botanical Name : Hippobroma longiflora Family: Campanulaceae Genus: Hippobroma Species:H. longiflora Kingdom:Plantae Order: Asterales Synonyms: Isotoma
Flowering and germination time are components of phenology, a complex phenotype that incorporates a number of traits. In natural populations, selection is likely to occur on multiple components of phenology at once. However, we have little knowledge of how joint selection on several phenological traits influences evolutionary response. We conducted one generation of artificial selection for all combinations of early and late germination and flowering on replicated lines within two independent base populations in the herb Campanula americana. We then measured response to selection and realized heritability for each trait. Response to selection and heritability were greater for flowering time than germination time, indicating greater evolutionary potential of this trait. Selection for earlier phenology, both flowering and germination, did not depend on the direction of selection on the other trait, whereas response to selection to delay germination and flowering was greater when selection on the ...
Read more about Temperature may affect pollen colour on Business Standard. Pigmentation of petals has received substantial attention, but not many know about pollen pigmentation.A new Phytologist study of the North American herb Campanula Americana revealed that western populations have darker purple pollen due to
www.marriott.com The Washington Marriot Wardman Park is located in a charming neighborhood in the heart of Washington, D.C. With a Metro stop just outside the hotel and several airports close by, its a premier city destination just two Metro stops from everything D.C. has to offer. The immediate area is populated with amazing restaurants, quaint shops, beautiful parks, and the exciting nightlife of Dupont Circle. A block of rooms has been reserved at the Washington Marriot Wardman Park May 30- June 3, 2016 at a rate of $229.00 per night, single occupancy plus tax. Make your reservations at resweb.passkey.com by May 9, 2016. Parking: On-site parking. fee: $32.80 USD daily (This is a 20% discount for conference attendees ...
Background/Question/Methods. The worldwide decline in pollinators highlights the importance of understanding how factors associated with climate change may affect plant-pollinator interactions. Components of climate change have the potential to strongly influence plant traits important for attracting pollinators, including floral volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Because plant VOCs are information-rich signals that are highly responsive to the environment, studying floral VOCs and plant-pollinator interactions in the context of climate change could enhance our ability to form a more predictive understanding of how plant-pollinator interactions will change. We examined how drought and leaf herbivory-key components of climate change-affected floral display, floral volatiles, and the visitation rates and community composition of pollinators to four forb species in Montana (Campanula rotundifolia, Heterotheca villosa, Phacelia hastata, and Potentilla recta). Floral VOCs were collected and analyzed ...
As I said in my introduction- Every family has its share of colorful characters and not all of them are good characters. Creeping Bellflower, Campanula rapunculoides, which is native to south-east Europe and Asia Minor, has become a problem weed here in North America. It has purple flowers that are all on one side of the stem and open from the bottom of the stem upward. This is an invasive plant that can produce up to 15,000 seeds. It also has tuberous roots that spread underground. If you find it in your garden, remove it immediately or it will become a huge problem! Dont use a trowel to do the digging, use a shovel. You need to get right down and get all the carrot-like roots. If you miss even a small part of the root, the problem will be back before you know it! ...
The Germination of Bellflower Seeds. The members of the bellflower (Campanula) family range in size from tiny creeping plants to tall meadow annuals and perennials. The nodding white, pink, violet or blue bell-shaped flowers fill gardens across the Northern Hemisphere. Native to North America, Europe and the ...
They may not look like much now, but I threw down a TON of seeds to fill out the beds alongside the steps and a bunch of them have started sprouting! Ive already forgotten everything I tossed, but it definitely included rosa campanulas, poppies, red flax, calendula, wild lupins, chicory, bergamot/bee balm, chamomile, cat mint…
Discussion. The trichurid egg measurements were compatible with T. trichiura 7,12, a human parasite, differing from the swine parasite species (Table 1). This analysis is based on metric differences in egg length and width between the two species. Other trichurid species such as T. ovis (50.0-80.0 x 30.0-40.0µm), T. vulpis (70.0-80.0 x 37.0-40.0µm), T. campanula (68.0-72.0 x 30.0-36.0µm), and T. muris (57.0-62.0 x 34.0-36.0µm), all parasites of animals living in close contact with humans, were discarded by metric standards. As established before, it is possible to distinguish Trichuris species by egg size 13.. Ascaris and Trichuris are cosmopolitan helminths, and the two are usually present in the same host. Adult Ascaris live in the small intestine of the host, and adult Trichuris in the colon. Eggs passed in the feces need a suitable environment to continue development. Indiscriminate defecation near dwellings contaminates the soil with eggs. Ascaris eggs can remain viable for several ...
Todays site banner is by dirtdorphins and is called campanula. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply ...
As an extension of our sustainable forestry principles, Domtar has joined the American Forest Foundation (AFF) as a partner in its Family Forest Carbon Program (FFCP). This new initiative, designed to enhance carbon sequestration in family-owned forestland across the United States, includes other business partners and charitable foundations, as well as the Nature Conservancy.. The FFCP represents a new approach to climate change mitigation that taps into the carbon storage potential of family-owned forestland while creating a new market and source of income for the families who dedicate time and effort to their forest management.. Domtar understood the support we needed to engage landowners and implement FFCP at the ground level, and they have shown leadership in providing resources essential to the execution of this program, says Nathan Truitt, vice president of strategic partnerships at AFF. Domtars investment has been instrumental in setting the groundwork for this program, and we ...
American Forests, the oldest conservation non- profit organization in America, works to protect forests through education and activism
Article Canarina DISPER software · carbon dioxide (CO2) · air dispersion · commands 3. 6.1 DISPER Software 5.2 Before you attempt to install and use the program, make sure your personal computer meets the hardware and software requirements shown in ...
Article Canarina CUSTIC software · simulation tools · noise pollution · commands 15. Print image.- This command send a pixel-by-pixel image of the program window to the printer. To print with Print image command, you must first display that informati...
Staphylococcus aureus; strain: USA300_FPR3757; locus tag: SAUSA300_1647 (SAUSA300_RS08990); symbol: accD; product: acetyl-CoA carboxylase subunit beta
Indoor plants have proven benefits to your mental health and overall outlook on life. Another study conducted at Texas A&M University found that, people who spend time outside every day are less likely to be depressed or stressed, and thus have fewer burdens on their mental health. Natural aesthetic beauty is soothing to people, and keeping plants around your home or office is a simple way to lower your stress and anxiety levels.. ...
As companies work to address their environmental footprint, voluntary carbon markets are seeing expansive growth as a viable strategy to offset emissions when needed. Yet, the U.S. carbon projects available for investment are limited - being almost exclusively developed on large or industrial forest properties of 5,000 acres or more. This is leaving out a substantial and charismatic demographic of forest owners that could partner with companies.
The major threats to this taxon include direct competition by invasive non-native plant species, and predation and habitat degradation by non-native animals, particularly feral pigs and goats, which degrade the habitat and harm the plants through predation, trampling, and rooting for food. Alien plants also threaten the species by altering its habitat and competing with it for moisture, nutrients, light, and space. Rats pose a threat to the species through predation of its plant parts and fruits; and introduced slugs and snails threaten the species by feeding on its leaves, stems, and seedlings. Since the species is epiphytic, it is threatened by wind and falling tree branches.. ...
Until the year 2007, Lobelia cleistogamoides was known only from a few herbarium specimens and called Lobelia sp. small flowers. It is closely related to Lobelia heterophylla, but has a much smaller flower. Generally it is a slender upright and unbranched annual herb to ½ metre (18), but when young, it will branch (mostly at the base) if damaged. New growth has narrow stem leaves to 2 cm (3/4) in length, but these shrivel during hot weather to leave only the flowers. ...
Table 1. Characteristics of pollen grains of Campanumoea, Codonopsis, and Leptocodon.. Taxon Voucher or reference Origin Shape Outline1 Size ( m)2 Aperture condition Colpus length3 Spinule length4 Nexine5. Campanumoea Blume sect. Campanumoea. C. inflata C. B. Clarke Clark 26420 (BM) INDIA Oblate spheroidal Circular 34-(36)-40 40 6-8 colpate Long Short Thin Gamble 9740 (K) INDIA Oblate spheroidal Circular 33-(37)-39 29-(36)-39 6-7 colpate Long Short Thin. Murthy (1983) INDIA Suboblate 32-(35)-40 40-(45)-50 6-7-colpate Long Short Thin. C. javanica Blume Dunbar (1975)6 CHINA Suboblate 30 35 5-6-colpate7 Long Short Hooker & Thompson INDIA Oblate spheroidal Circular 39-(44)-46 39-(44)-49 5-6-colpate Long Short Thin. 2024 (K). Murthy (1983) INDIA Suboblate 31-(35)-36 36-(41)-43 5-6-colpate Short Thin. Campanumoea sect. Cyclocodon (Griff.) C. B. Clarke. C. celebica Blume Forrest 24903 (K) INDIA Oblate spheroidal Semi-angular 33-(36)-39 29-(33)-39 3-colporate Long Long Thick. Murthy (1983) INDIA Oblate ...
The east Asian Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A. DC., Balloon-flower, self sows in some settings, and has been collected as persisting… for several years in a yard in St. Clair Co. It may eventually be found as an escape. It is ca. 4-8 dm tall with a showy bell-shaped usually blue corolla, distinctive in originating from an inflated, balloon-like bud.. 1. Corolla strongly bilaterally symmetrical, 2-lipped; anthers fused, not separating after anthesis.. Lobelia. 1. Corolla radially symmetrical; carpels 3; anthers coherent, separating after anthesis; capsules usually opening by lateral pores (except in Jasione).. 2. Flowers in dense, involucrate heads, borne singly on stems leafless at least in the upper half; corolla divided nearly to the base into linear lobes.. Jasione. 2. Flowers in spikes, racemes, or clustered, but not in dense solitary involucrate heads; stems leafy for their full length; corolla divided less than half its length into ovate to broadly triangular lobes. 3. Corolla ...
The Hawaiian lobelioids are a group of flowering plants in the bellflower family, Campanulaceae, all of which are endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. This is the largest plant radiation in the Hawaiian Islands, and indeed the largest on any island archipelago, with over 125 species. The six genera can be broadly separated based on growth habit: Clermontia are typically branched shrubs or small trees, up to 7 metres (23 ft) tall, with fleshy fruits; Cyanea and Delissea are typically unbranched or branching only at the base, with a cluster of relatively broad leaves at the apex and fleshy fruits; Lobelia and Trematolobelia have long thin leaves down a single, non-woody stem and capsular fruits with wind-dispersed seeds; and the peculiar Brighamia have a short, thick stem with a dense cluster of broad leaves, elongate white flowers, and capsular fruits. The group contains morphologically divergent species, and was long thought to have derived from at least three introductions: one for Lobelia and ...
WASHINGTON - For the first time, ASAE is partnering with American Forests to plant a tree for every person who attends the 2012 ASAE Annual Meeting & Exposition, August 11-14. This effort, part of American Forests new Meeting ReLeaf program, will offset the carbon footprint of the meeting and augment ASAEs broader sustainability efforts. All the trees will be planted in Texas in honor of the host state for this years annual meeting. In the past five years, ASAE has made major strides in our efforts to make conferences and events more environmentally friendly and socially beneficial, says ASAE President and CEO John H. Graham IV, CAE. Our collaboration with American Forests provides us with a great opportunity to help the local climate by planting trees and reducing our carbon footprint. I urge other associations to consider ways they can reduce their carbon emissions when possible. Organizations can make a real difference in the health of our planet by planting trees to offset the carbon ...
Lobelia spicata Lam. (Campanulaceae) is a common prairie species found throughout Illinois. Its breeding system, gynodioecy, is relatively rare, and is characterized by having female and hermaphrodite plant morphs coexisting ...
Platycodon grandiflorus meaning a broad bell is a species of herbaceous flowering perennial plant of the family Campanulaceae, and the only member of its genus. It is native to East Asia (China, Korea, Japan and East Siberia). This species is known as platycodon ...
Looking for lobelia? Find out information about lobelia. any plant of the genus Lobelia, annual and perennial herbs of tropical and temperate woodlands and moist places. Most lobelias have blue or purple flowers... Explanation of lobelia
We evaluated the applicability of mastication as a fuel treatment alternative within Northern Rocky Mountain moist and dry forests to treat post-harvest activity slash (moist forest) and standing trees (dry forest). On the moist forest site, we compared four different slash treatments, mastication, machine grapple piling, lop and scatter, and a control within a wildland urban interface setting to determine the effects of these treatments on soil nutrition, forest floor depth, and woody debris distributions. We randomly assigned the slash treatments and controls to 12 one-acre plots. Nitrogen, soil carbon, and magnesium concentrations within the soil components were not significantly different among the slash treatments. Lopped and scattered sites had significantly here duff depths than duff depths within the other slash treatments and control. Two years after treatment the structure and character of the masticated fuels was such that these areas resembled the grapple piled sites. We established the dry
Over the course of some 56 million years, oaks, which all belong to the genus Quercus, evolved from a single undifferentiated population into the roughly
I have a Coreopsis in my allotment with yellow flowers and it is mainly visited by bee mimic flies. I don`t really see other pollinators on these flowers. The plant the bees like most in my allotment is Phacelia, always covered in honeybees and bumblebees. Earlier in the year I have seen lots of little solitary bees in (and swarming around) the flowers of Campanula rotundifolia (harebell. There was not a lot else visiting, just these small solitary bees. ReplyDelete ...
Anemone, Japanese; Astilbe, Garden Spirea; Balloon Flower; Baptisia, False Indigo, Wild Indigo; Campanula, Bellflower; Columbine; Coralbell, Alumroot; Daylily ...
Got succulents, grasses, and a voluminous collection of Oreganos, but I reserve a section of the garden for the old-timey stuff that opens a tiny door into the world of the classic English border. Cant help it. The Delphiniums are one thing, but Campanula Cups and Saucers , grown this year after a15 year hiatus , are unfolding with their blowsy charm- I just go out and stare. A mixed 6 pack was purchased last summer, and maybe there will be some pink in the yet unopened plants. Pink will seal my fate- two more six packs purchased poste haste for next years display. So non-sustainable. But better than lawn, right ...
1b , Leaf-miner: A distinctive mine primarily above mid-rib, with irregular short lateral offshoots into leaf blade. Pupation external (Spencer, 1972: 51 (fig. 172), 55; Spencer, 1976: 270, 271 (fig. 486)).. Branched, whitish, upper-surface corridor; main axis overlying the midrib; side branches overlying the main lateral veins. (In Campanula and Phyteuma the mine is much less branched, sometimes nothing more than a corridor on top of the midrib). Frass in rather long strings. Usually the mines begins as a long and narrow, shallow, tortuous lower-surface corridor that ends upon the midrib but otherwise is not associated with the leaf venation. Often this initial corridor is filled with callus, and then even less conspicuous. Pupation outside the mine.. A linear mine on the upper surface, usually following the midrib and showing side branches along the veins. The frass is in strings. ...
1b , Leaf-miner: A distinctive mine primarily above mid-rib, with irregular short lateral offshoots into leaf blade. Pupation external (Spencer, 1972: 51 (fig. 172), 55; Spencer, 1976: 270, 271 (fig. 486)).. Branched, whitish, upper-surface corridor; main axis overlying the midrib; side branches overlying the main lateral veins. (In Campanula and Phyteuma the mine is much less branched, sometimes nothing more than a corridor on top of the midrib). Frass in rather long strings. Usually the mines begins as a long and narrow, shallow, tortuous lower-surface corridor that ends upon the midrib but otherwise is not associated with the leaf venation. Often this initial corridor is filled with callus, and then even less conspicuous. Pupation outside the mine.. A linear mine on the upper surface, usually following the midrib and showing side branches along the veins. The frass is in strings. ...
Lobelia is an expectorant for bronchitis. Lobelia has been used to lessen the effects of epilepsy, diphtheria, and tonsillitis. Lobelia is a sedative.
Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Purple Lobelia. List of various diseases cured by Purple Lobelia. How Purple Lobelia is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Names of Purple Lobelia in various languages of the world are also given.
Due to its diuretic effects, oral creeping lobelia supplementation may cause stomach upset and increased urine output, as well as dehydration and dizziness. There is limited information about other potential interactions and side-effects, so people with chronic health conditions and who are taking medications should talk to their doctor before taking it.. You should consult with a certified herbalist, physician or other qualified healthcare professional before taking Creeping lobelia.. REFERENCES. Chen, John, Chen, T & Cramton, L. Art of Medicine Press, Inc. City of Industry, CA USA. 2003. 1327 pp ISBN: 0-9740635-0-9 , http://aompress.com/herbology. Chen, John, Chen, T & Cramton, L. Chinese Medical Herbology and Pharmacology Art of Medicine Press, Inc. City of Industry, CA USA. 2003. 1327 pp ISBN: 0-9740635-0-9 http://aompress.com/herbology. Chen, Mei-Wan, et al. Lobelia Chinensis: Chemical Constituents and Anticancer Activity Perspective. Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines, vol. 12, no. 2, ...
In the assessment of methanolic extracts from Lobelia chinensis (LC) and its effect on herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) found that animals infected with HSV-1, developed progressive zoster lesions starting 2 days postinfection (p.i.) and appeared the most serious syndromes at 4-5 days p.i. In marked contrast to the results with control mice, treatment with acyclovir or 50 mg/kg/dose LC resulted in a sustained protective effect. The HSV-1 titers and DNA levels in ground skin samples were significantly reduced by LC. No toxic effect of LC on liver and kidney functions was apparent. These results indicated that LC was a potent inhibitor of the in vitro and in vivo replication of HSV-1, according to Efficacy of orally administered Lobelia chinensis extracts on herpes simplex virus type 1 infection in BALB/c mice ...
Find help & information on |i>Lobelia|/i> × |i>speciosa|/i> Kompliment Scharlach (Kompliment Series) lobelia Kompliment Scharlach from the RHS
Not only are the periodical cicada lifecycles curious for their prime numbers 13 or 17, but also their evolution is intricately tied to one- and four-year changes in their lifecycles.[17][19] One-year changes are less common than four-year changes and are probably tied to variation in local climatic conditions. Four-year early and late emergences are common and involve a much larger proportion of the population than one-year changes. Recent research suggests, in extant periodical cicadas, the 13- and 17-year lifecycles evolved at least eight different times in the last 4 million years and that different species with identical lifecycles developed their overlapping geographic distribution by synchronization of lifecycle to existing dominant populations.[40] The same study estimates that the Decim species group split from the common ancestor of the Decula plus Cassini species groups around 4 million years ago (Mya). At around 2.5 Mya, the Cassini and Decula groups split from each other. The Sota ...
Lobelia siphilitica, commonly called great lobelia or blue cardinal flower, is a Missouri native perennial which typically grows in moist to wet locations along streams, sloughs, springs, swamps, meadows and in low wooded areas. A clump-forming perennial which features light to dark blue, tubular, 2-lipped flowers with the three lobes of the lower lip appearing more prominent than the two lobes of the upper lip. Flowers arise from the upper leaf axils forming a dense terminal raceme atop stiff, unbranched, leafy stalks typically rising 2-3 tall. Finely-toothed, lance-shaped, light green leaves (to 5 long). Late summer bloom period ...
Lobelia has been used in many traditional medicines across the world. Its both curative and toxic. Here are the health benefits and side-effects of lobelia
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U.S. scientists say theyve determined earthworms can change the chemical nature of the carbon in North American forest litter and soils. Purdue University scientists, along with researchers from the Smithsonian Institution and Johns Hopkins University, studied the effect of earthworms on forest chemistry by comparing carbon composition in forests that vary in earthworm activity. They found forests with greater numbers of invasive earthworms tend to have litter and soil organic matter enriched in the plant material lignin. Sites with low numbers of the earthworms accumulate plant carbon in forms more easily degraded by bacteria. Overall, the study found the amount of carbon in the litter and duff layer -- the surface mat of decaying organic matter and roots -- decreases because of earthworm activity. If the litter just stays on the surface of the soil, then its likely normal oxidation of organic matter happens and a lot of that carbon will just go into the atmosphere, said Purdue Professor ...
ePIC (electronic Publication Information Center) is the official repository for publications and presentations of Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI)
The genome of an organism can be represented as a sequence of signed numbers. A natural question to investigate is how related two genomes are based on certain biologically plausible operations on their sequences. The canonical operation that has been considered is the inversion (or reversal) and the relative similarity between two genomes has been measured by finding the minimum numberof inversions that turn one sequence into another. Ten years ago Hannenhalli and Pevzner developed a rich theory and founda polynomial time algorithm to compute this distance for any two sequences, each with exactly one copy of a given number. Since then the theory has been refined and extended (to handle insertion/deletions) but there has existed no method to deal with two arbitrary sequences. In this presentation we investigate what operations are needed in orderto find a plausible distance between arbitrary sequences and show the techniques we are developing to handle them ...
OF SEEDLINGS AND SOIL. The trail of workers often will lead back to a volcano-like heap of soil. Depending on the species, such anthills can range in size from a tiny pile of sand grains that is less than an inch across to a huge mound several feet high and many cubic yards in volume. This is where the lifelong connection between ants and trees begins. Anthills are the product of tens to tens of thousands of burrowing, tunneling worker ants that have excavated mineral soil while building temperature-controlled earthen chambers in which to live, store food, protect the queen and rear her brood. In the formerly glaciated parts of North America - most of Canada and much of the northern reaches of the United States - there are no native earthworms. In these areas, much of the topsoil was created by ants. In fact, ants create soil up to 10 times faster than earthworms, excavating as much as 30,000 pounds of soil per acre every year, creating about 4 inches of new soil per millennium in the ...
White-lipped peccaries have declined by as much as 87% to 90% from their historical range in Central America, signaling a population collapse of a key species in the region, according to a study published recently in the journal Biological Conservation. The research was conducted by a team of 50 scientists from 30 organizations including Washington State University, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and El Colegio de Frontera Sur.
Lobelia makes its home in moist soils, and is both deer and rabbit resistant. Tall, upright stalks help this native wildflower to call in both hummingbirds and butterflies.
A trailing Lobelia from seed with large, early, bright blue blooms. Very floriferous, it is superb choice for containers as well as the garden bed. Order today from Park Seed!
Lobelia tupa is grown for its beautifully felted leaves and narrow tubular brick-red to orange flowers which are borne from mid or late summer in racemes up to 45cm long. It is naturally robust, upright, clump-forming perennial with attractive red-purple stems and lance-shaped, downy, grey-green leaves ...
41). Diaz, F., Kuijper, B., Hoyle, R. B., Coleman, J. M., Talamantes, N. and Matzkin, L. M. (2021). Environmental predictability drives adaptive within- and transgenerational plasticity of heat tolerance across life stages and climatic regions. Functional Ecology. 35:153-166. doi:10.1111/1365-2435.13704. 40). Benowitz K. M., Coleman, J. M., Allan, C. W. and Matzkin, L. M. (2020). Gene…
Other articles where Waurà is discussed: South American forest Indian: Belief and aesthetic systems: The Waurá women of the upper Xingu are famous for their pots and animal-shaped bowls. Of the historic tribes, the Tapajó of the Amazon had the richest style in ceramics, excelled only by the archaeological remains of the Ilha de Marajó. Among some groups in the…
Adenophora stricta is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 0.3 m (1ft). It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. It is in flower in September, and the seeds ripen in October. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It cannot grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil.
Michael Harper for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online. Every 17 years, the Eastern seaboard plays host to millions and millions of visitors who arrive with only one purpose in mind: to mate.. The Magicicada septendecim Brood II, or periodical cicada has an unusual life cycle and spends most of its days living underground, living on the bounty of tree roots. Then, when they near the end of their life, they emerge to breed and procreate. Very shortly afterwards, they die before returning to the ground, leaving a mess for any humans who live in the area.. The cicadas are expected to return to the surface once more this year, and public radio podcast Radiolab is asking for help to predict when to expect the cicadas.. Radiolab is turning this somewhat dire occasion into an opportunity for community science. The cicadas normally only emerge once the temperature reaches 64 degrees Fahrenheit. The resulting swarm is what Radiolab will be calling #swarmageddon, hashtag and all. When the temperature is ...
In the spring of 2016, public health survey Barn och Unga i Skåne 2016 was conducted among school children in grade 6, grade 9 and high school grade 2, in all 33 municipalities in Skåne. Almost 27,500 students ans... ...
In Riksmaten adults 2010-11, a representative sample of 5000 individuals between 18-80 years living in Sweden were invited to participate in the study. The data collection took place between May 2010 and July 2011. Ri... ...
Cascading explosions of daisy white flowers Trailing nature make them an excellent bedding border plant Perfect to trail over hanging baskets and pots Blooms from May all the way to October Heat-tolerant, will stay fresh all summer long Cutting-Raised: more healthy and vigorous plants When a plant is Cutting-Raised t
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Sean Russell2017-10-01T22:55:31+00:00. Lets talk a little about your lungs. Your lungs are much bigger than one thinks at least as far as surface area is concerned. I have seen it quoted that your lungs total surface area is about as big as a tennis court. The area that creates the largest part of the surface area gets down to 1 cell thick so that Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide can pass between them freely. This makes for a delicate area, and a.... ...
UConn researchers recently documented in Nature Scientific Reports a gory and fascinating relationship between periodical cicadas and a fungus that infects them, hijacks their behavior, and causes a scene straight out of ...
SCREEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE! Any periodical cicada sightings from the Cyburbia world? Brood X range, from the University of...
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These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.. ©2020 KEGENIX powered by Real Ketones. All traffic, account and order data is sent over secure, encrypted protocols for your privacy and safety.. ...
Campanulaceae Juss., nom. cons. Pentaphragmataceae J.Agardh, nom. cons. Stylidiaceae R.Br., nom. cons. Alseuosmiaceae Airy Shaw ...
Campanulaceae Juss. (including Lobeliaceae Juss.) Goodeniaceae R.Br. Menyanthaceae Dumort. Pentaphragmataceae J.Agardh ...
Campanulaceae include Lysipomia. Caryophyllaceae include Arenaria, Cerstium, and Pycnophyllum. Rosaceae include Acaena, ...
... is a monotypic genus of flowering plants within the family Campanulaceae. The sole species is Nesocodon mauritianus, ... Wyse Jackson, P. S. (1990). "Nesocodon mauritianus: Campanulaceae". Curtis's Botanical Magazine. Blackwell Publishing. 7 (33): ...
Campanulaceae superorder 2. Asteranae order 1. Calycerales family 1. Calyceraceae order 2. Asterales family 1. Asteraceae ...
... is a subfamily of the plant family Campanulaceae. It contains 32 genera, totalling about 1200 species. Some of the ... "Family: Campanulaceae Juss., nom. cons. subfam. Lobelioideae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "GRIN Genera of Campanulaceae subfam. Lobelioideae". Germplasm Resources Information ...
I: Families Brassicaceae, Goodenaceae p.p., Lentibulariaceae, Campanulaceae p.p., Orchidaceae, Pittosporaceae p.p., Rutaceae p. ...
Ericaceae through Campanulaceae. Part IV: 1-510. In C. L. Hitchcock Vascular Plants of the Pacific Northwest. University of ...
Campanulaceae: Lobelia sylvatica Fourc., Prismatocarpus rogersii Fourc., Prismatocarpus virgatus Fourc. Chenopodiaceae: ...
1957 Campanulaceae Popoviolimon Lincz. Plumbaginaceae "Popov, Mikhail Grigorevich". IPNI. Popov.. ...
I: Families Brassicaceae, Goodenaceae p.p., Lentibulariaceae, Campanulaceae p.p., Orchidaceae, Pittosporaceae p.p., Rutaceae p. ...
Campanulaceae (bellflower family): 2,380; Arecaceae (palm family): 2,361; Annonaceae (custard apple family): 2,220; ...
Holopogon (Campanulaceae: Lobelioideae)" (PDF). Muelleria. 28 (2): 146-162. ISSN 0077-1813. Wikidata Q102438590. v t e. ... Lobelia archeri is a small herbaceous plant in the family Campanulaceae native to Western Australia, first described in 2010 by ...
... is a small herbaceous plant in the family Campanulaceae native to Western Australia, and was first described ... Holopogon (Campanulaceae: Lobelioideae)" (PDF). Muelleria. 28 (2): 146-162. ISSN 0077-1813. Wikidata Q102438590.. ...
Campanulaceae Lobelia spicata var. leptostachys Mack. & Bush in Mack. Caryophyllaceae Geocarpon Mack. Geocarpon minimum Mack. ...
Campanulaceae Campanula romanica, Campanulaceae Campanula scutellata, Campanulaceae Campanula tommasiniana, Campanulaceae ... linearifolia, Campanulaceae Campanula hercegovina, Campanulaceae Campanula jacquinii ssp. rumeliana, Campanulaceae Campanula ... niveus, Campanulaceae Edraianthus niveus, Campanulaceae Edraianthus serpyllifolius ssp. dinaricus, Campanulaceae Edraianthus ... karglii, Apiaceae Campanopsis dalmatica, Campanulaceae Campanula albanica, Campanulaceae Campanula cespitosa, Campanula ...
Morin, N. R. (2008). Nomenclatural changes in Nemacladus (Campanulaceae). J Bot Res Inst Texas 2:1 397-400. Jepson Manual ...
Lobelioideae, Campanulaceae) from Maui, Hawaiʻi". PhytoKeys (167): 1-11. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.167.55107. ISSN 1314-2003. PMC ...
Campanulaceae) using DNA sequences from ITS and eight chloroplast DNA regions". The Scientific World Journal. 2012: 276451. doi ...
... (/kæmˈpænjʊlə/)[4] is one of several genera of flowering plants in the family Campanulaceae with the common name ... Altervista Flora Italiana, Genere: Campanula - Famiglia: Campanulaceae *^ a b c Flora of China, v 19 p 530, 风铃草属 feng ling cao ... Genus of flowering plants in the bellflower family Campanulaceae. For the main belt asteroid, see 1077 Campanula. For the ... The classification of some Campanulaceae genera as either part of Campanula or separate genera can vary by system, including ...
Trachelium is a genus of flowering plants in the family Campanulaceae. There are at least three species. Species include: ... dalgiciorum N. Ozhatay and Dane (Campanulaceae). Biotechnology 7(3), 595-98.. ...
... is a genus of flowering plants in the family Campanulaceae. There are approximately 221 species native to the ... Campanulaceae). American Journal of Botany, 92(5), 797-801. v t e. ...
Campanulaceae, Ericaceae (e.g. Psammisia ramiflora), Heliconiaceae and Zingiberales. Up to c.40 mm (1.6 in), e.g. Guzmania ... Campanulaceae). BirdLife International (2012). "Lampornis calolaemus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 ...
Lobelioideae, Campanulaceae/Lobeliaceae) from the Philippines. Plant Ecology 192(2): 1385-0237. doi:10.1007/s11258-007-9306-9 ...
Hoppe (Campanulaceae) in the European Alps". Molecular Ecology. 11 (12): 2637-2647. doi:10.1046/j.1365-294x.2002.01651.x. ISSN ...
... is a genus of flowering plants in the bellflower family, Campanulaceae. They are native to North Africa and Eurasia. ... 1988). New Asyneuma (Campanulaceae) taxa from Turkey. Willdenowia 18(1), 67-80. Asyneuma. Integrated Taxonomic Information ... Parolly, G. (2000). Notes on two neglected Turkish Asyneuma taxa (Campanulaceae).[permanent dead link] Willdenowia 30(1), 67-75 ... 2009). Molecular reappraisal confirms that the Campanula trichocalycina-pichleri complex belongs to Asyneuma (Campanulaceae).[ ...
... is a small herbaceous plant in the family Campanulaceae native to Western Australia, and first ... N G Walsh; D E Albrecht (2007). "Lobelia cleistogamoides (Campanulaceae, subfamily Lobelioideae, Lobelia sect. Holopogon), a ...
... is a genus of flowering plants in the family Campanulaceae, native to Europe and Morocco. The common name is rampion, ... World checklist and bibliography of Campanulaceae: 1-675. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Altervista ...
Solenopsis is a genus of plants in the Campanulaceae. It is native to the Mediterranean region from Portugal and the Canary ... World checklist and bibliography of Campanulaceae: 1-675. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.. ...
... is a genus of plants in the family Campanulaceae. It contains two known species, native to the mountains of ... World checklist and bibliography of Campanulaceae: 1-675. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Flora of ...
Family Description:. This is a family of herbaceous plants that are perennial or biennial. Their leaves are basal or alternate, simple, and estipulate. The flower calyx and corolla are 5-lobed and the petals are fused. The fruit is a ribbed capsule.. Plants in Family:. ...
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Familia: Campanulaceae. Subfamilia: Lobelioideae Genus: Monopsis. Species: (15). M. acrodon - M. alba - M. belliflora - M. ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monopsis_(Campanulaceae)&oldid=6148947" ...
Campanulaceae) - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBN 9780128019337, 9780128019412 ... A Monograph of Codonopsis and Allied Genera (Campanulaceae) 1st Edition. 0.0 star rating Write a review ... A Monograph of Codonopsis and Allied Genera (Campanulaceae s. str.) offers its audience comprehensive knowledge of these plants ... A Three-Tribal Classification System of the Campanulaceae s. s. and the Systematic Position of Codonopsis and Allied Genera ...
Campanulaceae. Bellworts. Herbs with a milky juice, alternate leaves, and without stipules. Flowers mostly blue, showy. Calyx ... The Campanulaceae are interesting chiefly for their beauty, being destitute of any important known properties. ...
Gadella TWJ (1966a) Some notes on the delimitation of genera in the Campanulaceae. I. Proc Kon Ned Akad Wetensch C 69:502-508 ... Gadella TWJ (1966b) Some notes on the delimitation of genera in the Campanulaceae. II. Proc Kon Ned Akad Wetensch C 69:509-521 ... Bogdanović S, Brullo S, Rešetnik I, Šatović Z, Liber Z (2014b) Campanula teutana, a new isophyllous Campanula (Campanulaceae) ... Eddie WMM, Shulkina T, Gaskin J, Haberle RC, Jansen RK (2003) Phylogeny of Campanulaceae s.str. inferred from ITS sequences of ...
Two new species in Campanulaceae, Theilera capensis D.Y. Hong and Craterocapsa alfredica D.Y. Hong, are described from South ... Keywords: AFRICA; CAMPANULACEAE; CRATEROCAPSA ALFREDICA; NEW SPECIES; SEM PHOTOGRAPHS; SOUTH; THEILERA CAPENSIS ...
Campanulaceae E. NASIR National Herbarium, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad.. Annual or perennial herbs, ...
Family Campanulaceae[edit]. Subfamily Campanuloideae[edit]. Campanula[edit]. Asterales - Campanulaceae - Campanuloideae - ... Asterales - Campanulaceae - Lobelioideae - Lobelieae - Lobelia Lobelia sect. Lobelia Cardinal flower N.Y. Status Images ... Asterales - Campanulaceae - Lobelioideae - Lobelieae - Lobelia Lobelia sect. Hypsela Cardinal flower N.Y. Status Images ... Asterales - Campanulaceae - Campanuloideae - Campanuleae - Platycodon Platycodon Platycodon N.Y. Status Images Distribution NY ...
Pictures of campanulaceae wildflowers of West USA. Group of flowers of campanula rotundifolia (harebell), along the Cerro ... Keywords: Campanulaceae, Campanula Rotundifolia, New Mexico, plants, blue flowers, wildflowers. License/purchase this ...
Campanulaceae - Asteraceae (9780521553384): NHBS - Peter Sell and Gina Murrell, Cambridge University Press ... Flora of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 4: Campanulaceae - Asteraceae Flora / Fauna Identification Key ... Campanulaceae; 143. Rubiaceae; 144. Caprifoliaceae; 145. Adoxzceae; 146. Valerianaceae; 147. Dispaceae; 148. Asteraceae; New ...
Comparative palynology in Campanulaceae. Trans. Kansas Acad. Sci. 69: 197_200.. Clarke, C.B. 1881. Campanulaceae. In J. D. ... Campanulaceae. In A. Aubr ville (ed.), Flora du Cambodge, du Laos et du Vietnam, fasc. 9. Mus um National dHistoire Naturelle ... Campanulaceae. In C.G.G.J. van Steenis (ed.), Flora Malesiana, Ser. 1, vol. 6(1). Noordhoff-Kolff, Djakarta, pp. 107_141. ... Circumscription of Codonopsis and the allied genera Campanumoea and Leptocodon (Campanulaceae:. Campanuloideae). I. ...
The Campanulaceae of Taiwan. Taiwania 19: 123-146.. Lloyd, D., A.V. Roberts, and K.C. Short. 1988. The induction in vitro of ... Adenophora tetraphylla (Campanulaceae). In A. Amsel, M. McClellan, and D. Maitland (eds.), Chinese Herbal Medicine. Shambhala ... Campanulaceae), an important medicinal herb. Adventitious shoots were induced by culturing the stem internode explants on ... Keywords: Adenophora triphylla (Thunb.) A. DC.; Campanulaceae; De novo regeneration; Germplasm conservation; Medicinal herb; ...
The phylogenies of the plastid genomes and accD show that Platycodon is basal in the Campanulaceae clade, indicating that IR ... The absence of accD, clpP, infA, and rpl23 in the plastid genome is a synapomorphic characteristic of Campanulaceae. The ... To understand plastid genome evolution in Campanulaceae, we have sequenced and characterized the chloroplast (cp) genome and nr ... RNA editing information for plastid genes is currently unavailable for Campanulaceae. ...
linked to standard floras (PFB, FE, FE2, FH) and annotated checklists (AFE, VPG) giving direct reference to occurrences of plant taxa on the Ionian Islands: ...
Campanulaceae. The Campanulaceae, also known as the bellflower family, contains about 2,400 species, mostly herbaceous plants ...
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Lobelia cleistogamoides - Campanulaceae. Until the year 2007, Lobelia cleistogamoides was known only from a few herbarium ...
Campanulaceae (Bellflower Family). Synonym(s): Campanula aparinoides var. grandiflora, Campanula aparinoides var. uliginosa, ...
Campanulaceae (Bellflower Family). Synonym(s): Campanula americana, Campanula americana var. illinoensis. USDA Symbol: caam18. ...
CAMPANULACEAE BELLFLOWER FAMILY. Nancy Morin, except as specified. Annual to tree. Leaves generally cauline, generally simple, ...
CAMPANULACEAE BELLFLOWER FAMILY. Nancy Morin, except as specified. Annual to tree. Leaves generally cauline, generally simple, ...
... Chiara Atik It decided a Regardless many Flora of Great, creating ... If you rely Kristina Halvorson, shell be you that the Flora of Great Britain and Ireland: Volume 4, Campanulaceae is used and ... feel us why on the Flora of Great Britain and Ireland: Volume 4, Campanulaceae satisfaction and your site could avoid among the ... It Includes many Flora of Great Britain and Ireland: Volume 4, Campanulaceae and a financial subject, but with real males. The ...
Campanulaceae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 28(11), 2068-2077. doi:10.1111/jeb.12734. ...
Keywords: Lobelia , Campanulaceae , chromosomes , Feulgen , karyotype evolution. ABSTRACT. Karyotypes of 14 populations ...
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The aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Campanulaceae in Poland. The paper deals with the relationships of aphids and their host- ... Two new aphid species from Campanulaceae in Italy (Homoptera Aphididae). Bollettino di Zoologia Agraria e di Bachicoltura, Ser ... plants of the family Campanulaceae (bellflower family). The survey was conducted in xerothermic habitats during the years 2008- ... 4 aphid species feeding on 6 different host plants of Campanulaceae were confirmed. ...
Campanulaceae) using DNA sequences from ITS and eight chloroplast DNA regions". The Scientific World Journal. 2012: 276451. doi ...
Campanula (/kæmˈpænjʊlə/)[4] is one of several genera of flowering plants in the family Campanulaceae with the common name ... Altervista Flora Italiana, Genere: Campanula - Famiglia: Campanulaceae *^ a b c Flora of China, v 19 p 530, 风铃草属 feng ling cao ... Genus of flowering plants in the bellflower family Campanulaceae. For the main belt asteroid, see 1077 Campanula. For the ... The classification of some Campanulaceae genera as either part of Campanula or separate genera can vary by system, including ...
Campanulaceae. CYCLOIDEA. gene phylogeny. flower symmetry. flower morphology.. Presentation Type: Oral Paper. Session: EVDV1, ... We focus on the evolution of CYC-like genes in the Campanulaceae, which is a large and world-wide eudicot group, with multiple ... We identified all three CamCYC paralogs from across Campanulaceae. We show that gene duplication is most common in CamCYC2, ... Duplication and expression of CYCLOIDEA-like genes in Campanulaceae.. Shifts between radially symmetrical flowers and ...
  • Lobelia inflata Campanulaceae Common name: Pukeweed, Indian tobacco. (healthy.net)
  • The Great Blue Lobelia ( Lobelia siphilitica ) is a species within the Campanulaceae family. (agriseek.com)
  • This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Lobelia (family Campanulaceae ). (theplantlist.org)
  • The paper deals with the relationships of aphids and their host-plants of the family Campanulaceae (bellflower family). (sciendo.com)
  • Campanula ( / k æ m ˈ p æ nj ʊ l ə / ) [4] is one of several genera of flowering plants in the family Campanulaceae with the common name bellflower . (wikipedia.org)
  • campanulaceae Bellflower family of herbaceous flowering plants. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Pentaphragmataceae and Campanulaceae are not immediately related, although both are in the Asterales. (efloras.org)
  • Akcin TA (2009) Seed coat morphology of some Turkish Campanula (Campanulaceae) species and its systematics implications. (springer.com)
  • molecular and morphological evidence of a new Campanula species (Campanulaceae) endemic to Albania. (springer.com)
  • Two new species in Campanulaceae, Theilera capensis D.Y. Hong and Craterocapsa alfredica D.Y. Hong, are described from South Africa. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Campanulaceae species are known to have highly rearranged plastid genomes lacking the acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) subunit D gene ( accD ), and instead have a nuclear (nr)- accD . (biomedcentral.com)
  • We sequenced the 171,818 bp cp genome containing a 79,061 bp large single-copy (LSC) region, a 42,433 bp inverted repeat (IR) and a 7840 bp small single-copy (SSC) region, which represents the cp genome with the largest IR among species of Campanulaceae. (biomedcentral.com)
  • As a result, 4 aphid species feeding on 6 different host plants of Campanulaceae were confirmed. (sciendo.com)
  • Two new aphid species from Campanulaceae in Italy (Homoptera Aphididae). (sciendo.com)
  • Adenophora (Lilyleaf Ladybell) is a genus of flowering plant within the family Campanulaceae. (agriseek.com)
  • Circumscription of Codonopsis and the allied genera Campanumoea and Leptocodon (Campanulaceae: Campanuloideae). (sinica.edu.tw)
  • Chloroplast markers have greatly improved our understanding of the Campanuloideae (Campanulaceae) clade but many relationships remain unclear primarily due to low levels of molecular evolution and recent divergence. (botanyconference.org)
  • commonly known as "sha shen" in Chinese, is an important medicinal herb of the family Campanulaceae (Kao and DeVol, 1974). (sinica.edu.tw)
  • The chloroplast genome phylogeny supports the hypothesis that chloroplast genomic arrangement occurred after accD nuclear transfer and loss of the four genes in the plastid of early Campanulaceae as a lineage of asterids. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The phylogenies of the plastid genomes and accD show that Platycodon is basal in the Campanulaceae clade, indicating that IR disruption in Campanulaceae occurred after the loss of accD, clpP, infA, and rpl23 in the cp genome, which occurred during plastid evolution in Campanulaceae. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Recently, an in vitro propagation method was reported for Platycodon grandiflorum , another medicinally important herb of Campanulaceae (Yonemitsu et al. (sinica.edu.tw)
  • To understand plastid genome evolution in Campanulaceae, we have sequenced and characterized the chloroplast (cp) genome and nr- accD of Platycodon grandiflorum , a basal member of Campanulaceae. (biomedcentral.com)
  • . Platycodon nr- accD contains about 3.2 kb intron between nr- accD.e1 and nr- accD.e2 at the same insertion point as in other Campanulaceae. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The classification of some Campanulaceae genera as either part of Campanula or separate genera can vary by system, including Azorina , Campanulastrum , Canarina , Edraianthus , Musschia , Ostrowskia , and Platycodon . (wikipedia.org)
  • feel us why on the Flora of Great Britain and Ireland: Volume 4, Campanulaceae satisfaction and your site could avoid among the 2019 people. (tower-sh.de)
  • Comprende las especies y subespecies de flora vascular presentes en la Península Ibérica, Islas Baleares e Islas Canarias, además de sus géneros y familias correspondientes (no se han incluido híbridos). (gbif.org)
  • Para su elaboración se ha utilizado como fuente primaria Flora iberica ( http://www.floraiberica.es ) y ha sido completada con taxones mencionados en la legislación (Atlas y Libros Rojos), así como otras obras donde se recogen taxones canarios, alóctonos u otros aún no tratados por esta obra (ver apartado Citations). (gbif.org)
  • En caso de discrepancia entre los autores de los nombres científicos entre IPNI y Flora iberica, se ha seguido el criterio de Flora iberica y mantenido el LSID de IPNI. (gbif.org)
  • Para la taxonomía se ha seguido en lo posible a Flora iberica (incluyendo las listadas como «Especies que han de buscarse») y subsidiariamente el proyecto Anthos ( http://www.anthos.es/ ). (gbif.org)
  • The Campanulaceae: Wahlenbergioideae currently comprises 15 genera, one of which, Wahlenbergia, is widespread over the southern continents. (uwc.ac.za)
  • Lobelioideae, Campanulaceae / Lobeliaceae) from the Philippines. (rbge.org.uk)
  • Pictured are flowers of the orders dipsacaceae, cucurbitaceae, and campanulaceae. (usf.edu)
  • Petenaea Lundell (mogelijk Malvales ), en Nicobariodendron (mogelijk Celastraceae ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Pentaphragma has quite different flowers, with no hint of the secondary pollen presentation that occurs throughout Campanulaceae s.l. (efloras.org)
  • RNA editing information for plastid genes is currently unavailable for Campanulaceae. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Duplication and expression of CYCLOIDEA -like genes in Campanulaceae. (botanyconference.org)
  • We focus on the evolution of CYC -like genes in the Campanulaceae, which is a large and world-wide eudicot group, with multiple symmetrical floral forms. (botanyconference.org)
  • I have done revision work on South American Smilax, and molecular systematic work in the families Campanulaceae and Tamaricaceae. (usda.gov)
  • A global perspective on Campanulaceae: Biogeographic, genomic, and floral evolution. (nih.gov)