A republic in central Africa lying east of CHAD and the CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC and west of NIGERIA. The capital is Yaounde.
Diseases of chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans.
Infection with nematodes of the genus ONCHOCERCA. Characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, PRURITUS, and ocular lesions.
A republic in central Africa, east of NIGER, west of SUDAN and south of LIBYA. Its capital is N'Djamena.
A genus of the subfamily CERCOPITHECINAE inhabiting the African forests. They are also known as mangabeys.
A mixture of mostly avermectin H2B1a (RN 71827-03-7) with some avermectin H2B1b (RN 70209-81-3), which are macrolides from STREPTOMYCES avermitilis. It binds glutamate-gated chloride channel to cause increased permeability and hyperpolarization of nerve and muscle cells. It also interacts with other CHLORIDE CHANNELS. It is a broad spectrum antiparasitic that is active against microfilariae of ONCHOCERCA VOLVULUS but not the adult form.
A genus of parasitic nematodes found throughout the rain-forest areas of the Sudan and the basin of the Congo. L. loa inhabits the subcutaneous tissues, which it traverses freely.
This single species of Gorilla, which is a member of the HOMINIDAE family, is the largest and most powerful of the PRIMATES. It is distributed in isolated scattered populations throughout forests of equatorial Africa.
A parasitic infection caused by the nematode Loa loa. The vector in the transmission of this infection is the horsefly (Tabanus) or the deerfly or mango fly (Chrysops). The larvae may be seen just beneath the skin or passing through the conjunctiva. Eye lesions are not uncommon. The disease is generally mild and painless.

Comparison of in vivo and in vitro tests of resistance in patients treated with chloroquine in Yaounde, Cameroon. (1/707)

The usefulness of an isotopic in vitro assay in the field was evaluated by comparing its results with the therapeutic response determined by the simplified WHO in vivo test in symptomatic Cameroonian patients treated with chloroquine. Of the 117 enrolled patients, 102 (87%) completed the 14-day follow-up, and 95 isolates obtained from these patients (46 children, 49 adults) yielded an interpretable in vitro test. A total of 57 of 95 patients (60%; 28 children and 29 adults) had an adequate clinical response with negative smears (n = 46) or with an asymptomatic parasitaemia (n = 11) on day 7 and/or day 14. The geometric mean 50% inhibitory concentration of the isolates obtained from these patients was 63.3 nmol/l. Late and early treatment failure was observed in 29 (30.5%) and 9 (9.5%) patients, respectively. The geometric mean 50% inhibitory concentrations of the corresponding isolates were 173 nmol/l and 302 nmol/l. Among the patients responding with late and early treatment failure, five isolates and one isolate, respectively, yielded a discordant result (in vivo resistance and in vitro sensitivity). The sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of the in vitro test to detect chloroquine-sensitive cases was 67%, 84% and 86%, respectively. There was moderate concordance between the in vitro and in vivo tests (kappa value = 0.48). The in vitro assay agrees relatively well with the therapeutic response and excludes several host factors that influence the results of the in vivo test. However, in view of some discordant results, the in vitro test cannot substitute for in vivo data on therapeutic efficacy. The only reliable definition of "resistance" in malaria parasites is based on clinical and parasitological response in symptomatic patients, and the in vivo test provides the standard method to determine drug sensitivity or resistance as well as to guide national drug policies.  (+info)

Standardized comparison of glucose intolerance in west African-origin populations of rural and urban Cameroon, Jamaica, and Caribbean migrants to Britain. (2/707)

OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of glucose intolerance in genetically similar African-origin populations within Cameroon and from Jamaica and Britain. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Subjects studied were from rural and urban Cameroon or from Jamaica, or were Caribbean migrants, mainly Jamaican, living in Manchester, England. Sampling bases included a local census of adults aged 25-74 years in Cameroon, districts statistically representative in Jamaica, and population registers in Manchester. African-Caribbean ethnicity required three grandparents of this ethnicity. Diabetes was defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) 1985 criteria using a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test (2-h > or = 11.1 mmol/l or hypoglycemic treatment) and by the new American Diabetes Association criteria (fasting glucose > or = 7.0 mmol/l or hypoglycemic treatment). RESULTS: For men, mean BMIs were greatest in urban Cameroon and Manchester (25-27 kg/m2); in women, these were similarly high in urban Cameroon and Jamaica and highest in Manchester (27-28 kg/m2). The age-standardized diabetes prevalence using WHO criteria was 0.8% in rural Cameroon, 2.0% in urban Cameroon, 8.5% in Jamaica, and 14.6% in Manchester, with no difference between sexes (men: 1.1%, 1.0%, 6.5%, 15.3%, women: 0.5%, 2.8%, 10.6%, 14.0%), all tests for trend P < 0.001. Impaired glucose tolerance was more frequent in Jamaica. CONCLUSIONS: The transition in glucose intolerance from Cameroon to Jamaica and Britain suggests that environment determines diabetes prevalence in these populations of similar genetic origin.  (+info)

Measuring time utilization in rural health centres. (3/707)

OBJECTIVES: During the recent re-design of the primary health care system in Cameroon a time-motion study was undertaken to determine how health workers at rural health centres use their time before redefining their roles. METHODS: The study developed a simple, effective and inexpensive tool which uses the activity sampling technique, and was applied to 20 health centres with a total of 19,080 observations being made of 64 health workers who represented all grades of worker in the government health services. RESULTS: The study developed a clear picture of how health centre staff apportion their time, and how the division of labour and tasks is carried out in a rural health centre. It found that only 27% of health workers' time is currently being spent on productive, health-related activities, and of this time, the largest proportion is spent on curative, clinical work. Less than 1% of health workers' time is spent on preventive and outreach activities. DISCUSSION: This study has developed a simple and inexpensive tool which can be used in any health facility to determine how health-related activities are carried out. This is an important step if changes in the delivery structure are to be made, because it establishes the discrepancy between expected and actual behaviour, and provides an important baseline for the evaluation of the effectiveness of any changes that are introduced within the system.  (+info)

Dracunculiasis in Cameroon at the threshold of elimination. (4/707)

BACKGROUND: Dracunculiasis is endemic in Mayo Sava Division in the Far North Province of Cameroon. Transmission occurs during the rainy season with a peak in the months of July and August. METHODS: A combination of interventions consisting of active surveillance, social mobilization, health education, distribution of filters, construction of new water sources, chemical treatment of unsafe water sources with temephos, and case containment were applied in Mayo Sava in 1990-1995 by the national Guinea Worm Elimination Programme (GWEP). Dracunculiasis cases were detected by village health workers, confirmed by health outreach teams and reported weekly to the GWEP. RESULTS: A decline in the incidence of dracunculiasis by 98.1% from 778 cases in 1990 to 15 in 1995, and in the number of endemic villages by 92.7% from 82 in 1990 to 6 in 1995 was achieved. The proportion of cases identified < or =24 hours of worm emergence increased from 19% in 1991 to 73.6% in 1993. Over 1500 nylon monofilament filters were distributed yearly to endemic villages lacking safe drinking water sources, while 81 new water sources were constructed (boreholes, wells and dikes), 55% in 1992-1993. The success of GWEP is attributed mainly to: intensive and simultaneous implementation of interventions in highly endemic villages in the first 3 years of the programme, case containment, and cash reward. CONCLUSIONS: Cameroon is on the threshold of eliminating dracunculiasis from Mayo Sava but the major remaining obstacle is the ever increasing threat of re-infestation from neighbouring countries.  (+info)

An epidemic of bloody diarrhea: Escherichia coli O157 emerging in Cameroon? (5/707)

Between November 1997 and April 20, 1998, bloody diarrhea sickened 298 persons in Cameroon. Laboratory investigation of the epidemic (case-fatality rate, 16.4%) documented amoebiasis in one of three patients and three types of pathogens: multidrug-resistant Shigella dysenteriae type 1, S. boydii, and enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli. We report the first isolation of E. coli O157:H7 in Cameroon and the second series of cases in the Central African region.  (+info)

Population biology of human onchocerciasis. (6/707)

Human onchocerciasis (river blindness) is the filarial infection caused by Onchocerca volvulus and transmitted among people through the bites of the Simulium vector. Some 86 million people around the world are at risk of acquiring the nematode, with 18 million people infected and 600,000 visually impaired, half of them partially or totally blind. 99% of cases occur in tropical Africa; scattered foci exist in Latin America. Until recently control programmes, in operation since 1975, have consisted of antivectorial measures. With the introduction of ivermectin in 1988, safe and effective chemotherapy is now available. With the original Onchocerciasis Control Programme of West Africa coming to an end, both the new African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control and the Onchocerciasis Elimination Programme for the Americas, rely heavily on ivermectin self-sustained mass delivery. In consequence, the need for understanding the processes regulating parasite abundance in human and simuliid populations is of utmost importance. We present a simple mathematical framework built around recent analyses of exposure- and density-dependent processes operating, respectively, within the human and vector hosts. An expression for the basic reproductive ratio, R0, is derived and related to the minimum vector density required for parasite persistence in localities of West Africa in general and northern Cameroon in particular. Model outputs suggest that constraints acting against parasite establishment in both humans and vectors are necessary to reproduce field observations, but those in humans may not fully protect against reinfection. Analyses of host age-profiles of infection prevalence, intensity, and aggregation for increasing levels of endemicity and intensity of transmission in the Vina valley of northern Cameroon are in agreement with these results and discussed in light of novel work on onchocerciasis immunology.  (+info)

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 intergroup (M/O) recombination in cameroon. (7/707)

Here we describe, for the first time, recombinants between two highly divergent major groups of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), M and O, within a Cameroonian woman infected with three different HIV-1 strains, a group O virus, a subtype D virus, and a recently reported IBNG (A/G)-like recombinant virus. Using nested extra-long PCR amplification, we sequenced from the pol region to the env region including accessory genes of the viral genome obtained from the patient's uncultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells and examined the phylogenetic position of each gene. Compared with sequential blood samples obtained in 1995 and 1996, there were multiple segmental exchanges between three HIV-1 strains (O, D, and IBNG) and all the recombinants appeared to be derived from a common M/O ancestor. Importantly, recombination between groups M and O occurred, even though the homology between these two groups is 69, 76, 68, and 55% in the gag, pol, vif-vpr, and env regions, respectively. Recombination between strains with such distant lineages may contribute substantially to generating new HIV-1 variants.  (+info)

Relationships between malaria prevalence and malaria-related morbidity in school children from two villages in central Africa. (8/707)

To investigate the relationship between parasite prevalence and malaria-related morbidity, we carried out a comparative study among cohorts of school children from two villages, Dienga, Gabon, and Pouma, Cameroon, both located in malaria-endemic areas. Seven to 17 year-old children attending primary schools were similarly followed-up at each site to evaluate the frequency of malaria attacks. Follow-up involved daily temperature recording (and blood smears in the case of fever) and preparation of blood smears every two weeks. In Pouma, 186 children were followed-up for six months. In Dienga, 228 children were followed-up for nine months. The mean prevalence rate of Plasmodium falciparum infections (as assessed by the blood smears) was twice as high in Pouma compared with Dienga (45.2% versus 26.8%; P < 0.0001), whereas the monthly malaria attack rate (as assessed by the daily surveillance) was twice as high in Dienga compared with Pouma (21.5% versus 41.4%; P = 0.003). The possible implication of several parameters that may differ between the two areas, such as the malaria transmission level, the economical and social status of the inhabitants, the characteristics of infecting parasite strains, and the genetic background of the population, is discussed.  (+info)

I'm not aware of any medical condition or term that is specifically associated with or referred to as "Cameroon." Cameroon is a country located in Central Africa, known for its rich biodiversity and cultural diversity. If you have more context about why you are looking for a medical definition of "Cameroon," I may be able to provide a more helpful response.

Central Africa is a geographical region that broadly includes the countries that lie near the equator and are found in the interior of the African continent. The United Nations defines Central Africa as consisting of the following countries: Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, and Sao Tome and Principe.

The region is characterized by diverse cultures, languages, and landscapes, ranging from dense rainforests to vast savannas. Central Africa is home to many important rivers, including the Congo River, which is the second longest river in Africa and the deepest river in the world. The region also contains numerous national parks and wildlife reserves that protect a diverse array of plant and animal species, including several endangered species such as mountain gorillas, chimpanzees, and forest elephants.

Central Africa faces many challenges, including political instability, poverty, and environmental degradation. The region has been plagued by conflicts and civil wars, which have resulted in significant loss of life, displacement of people, and destruction of infrastructure. Climate change and deforestation are also major concerns, as they threaten the region's biodiversity and contribute to global warming.

In terms of healthcare, Central Africa faces many challenges, including a high burden of infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and Ebola. Access to healthcare is limited in many areas, particularly in rural communities, and there is a shortage of healthcare workers and medical facilities. In addition, the region has been affected by conflicts and humanitarian crises, which have further strained healthcare systems and made it difficult to provide adequate care to those in need.

I'm not aware of a specific medical term called "Ape diseases." However, many primates, including apes, can suffer from diseases that are similar to those that affect humans. Some examples include:

1. Tuberculosis (TB): Both humans and apes can be infected with this bacterial disease, which primarily affects the lungs but can also impact other parts of the body.
2. Hepatitis: Apes can contract various forms of hepatitis, such as hepatitis B and C, just like humans. These viral infections affect the liver and can cause acute or chronic illness.
3. Respiratory infections: Both apes and humans are susceptible to respiratory infections caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.
4. Gastrointestinal diseases: Apes can suffer from gastrointestinal issues, such as diarrhea, due to various bacterial, viral, or parasitic infections.
5. Retroviral infections: Some apes are known to be infected with retroviruses, like simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV), which is similar to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). SIV can lead to a condition called simian AIDS in apes.
6. Zoonotic diseases: Apes can contract zoonotic diseases, which are transmitted from animals to humans, such as Ebola and Marburg viruses.
7. Cardiovascular diseases: Apes can develop heart conditions similar to those seen in humans, including hypertension and atherosclerosis.
8. Neurological disorders: Some apes may suffer from neurological issues, like Parkinson's disease or Alzheimer's disease, although research on these topics is still ongoing.

It's important to note that while apes can contract many of the same diseases as humans, there are also numerous diseases specific to each species due to differences in genetics, environment, and behavior.

Onchocerciasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by the parasitic worm Onchocerca volvulus. The infection is primarily transmitted through the bites of infected blackflies (Simulium spp.) that breed in fast-flowing rivers and streams. The larvae of the worms mature into adults in nodules under the skin, where females release microfilariae that migrate throughout the body, including the eyes.

Symptoms include severe itching, dermatitis, depigmentation, thickening and scarring of the skin, visual impairment, and blindness. The disease is also known as river blindness due to its association with riverside communities where blackflies breed. Onchocerciasis can lead to significant social and economic consequences for affected individuals and communities. Preventive chemotherapy using mass drug administration of ivermectin is the primary strategy for controlling onchocerciasis in endemic areas.

I apologize, but "Chad" is not a medical term or condition. It is a given name and also a slang term that has been used in popular culture to refer to an attractive man or a stereotypical fraternity member in some English-speaking countries. If you have any questions about medical terminology, I would be happy to help answer those for you.

"Western Africa" is a geographical region that consists of several countries located in the western part of the African continent. The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 16 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.

The region is characterized by a diverse range of cultures, languages, and ethnic groups, as well as a variety of landscapes, including coastal areas, savannas, and deserts. Western Africa has a rich history, with many ancient kingdoms and empires having existed in the region, such as the Ghana Empire, Mali Empire, and Songhai Empire.

In medical contexts, "Western Africa" may be used to describe the epidemiology, distribution, or characteristics of various health conditions or diseases that are prevalent in this geographical region. For example, certain infectious diseases such as malaria, HIV/AIDS, and Ebola virus disease are more common in Western Africa than in other parts of the world. Therefore, medical researchers and practitioners may use the term "Western Africa" to refer to the specific health challenges and needs of the populations living in this region.

"Cercocebus" is a genus of Old World monkeys that includes several species, such as the sooty mangabey and the gray-cheeked mangabey. These monkeys are native to central Africa and are known for their distinctive appearance, with a long tail, dark fur, and light cheek whiskers. They are omnivorous and live in social groups. The name "Cercocebus" comes from the Greek words "kerkos," meaning tail, and "kephale," meaning head, referring to their long tails.

Ivermectin is an anti-parasitic drug that is used to treat a variety of infections caused by parasites such as roundworms, threadworms, and lice. It works by paralyzing and killing the parasites, thereby eliminating the infection. Ivermectin is available in various forms, including tablets, creams, and solutions for topical use, as well as injections for veterinary use.

Ivermectin has been shown to be effective against a wide range of parasitic infections, including onchocerciasis (river blindness), strongyloidiasis, scabies, and lice infestations. It is also being studied as a potential treatment for other conditions, such as COVID-19, although its effectiveness for this use has not been proven.

Ivermectin is generally considered safe when used as directed, but it can cause side effects in some people, including skin rashes, nausea, and diarrhea. It should be used with caution in pregnant women and people with certain medical conditions, such as liver or kidney disease.

Primate T-lymphotropic virus 3 (PTLV-3) is not a widely recognized or established medical term. However, it's possible that you are referring to Primate T-cell Leukemia Virus type 3 (PTLV-3), which is a retrovirus that primarily infects non-human primates. It is closely related to the human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 and 2 (HTLV-1 and HTLV-2). PTLV-3, like other T-cell leukemia viruses, has been associated with the development of certain types of cancer, particularly adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) in its natural host species. However, there is no known human infection with PTLV-3 to date.

"Loa" is a term used in tropical medicine, specifically in the context of parasitic diseases. It refers to a type of filarial worm that can infect humans and cause a disease known as loiasis (also called "loa loa" or "African eye worm"). The Loa loa parasite is transmitted to humans through the bite of deerfly or mango fly, which acts as a vector.

The adult Loa loa worms typically reside in the subcutaneous tissue of the human host, where they can cause various symptoms such as localized itching, skin rashes, and arthralgias (joint pain). The parasite is also known to migrate through various tissues, including the eye, which can result in the appearance of a visible, moving worm under the conjunctiva. This is how loiasis earned its colloquial name "African eye worm."

Loiasis is primarily found in the rainforest regions of West and Central Africa. While not typically life-threatening on its own, loiasis can complicate the treatment of other filarial diseases such as onchocerciasis (river blindness) and lymphatic filariasis (elephantiasis), due to potential adverse reactions to the medications used to treat these conditions.

"Gorilla gorilla" is the scientific name for the Western Gorilla, a subspecies of the Gorilla genus. Western Gorillas are divided into two subspecies: the Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) and the Cross River Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla diehli). Western Gorillas are native to the forests of central Africa, with Western Lowland Gorillas found in countries such as Gabon, Cameroon, Congo, and Equatorial Guinea, and Cross River Gorillas having a more restricted range along the border region of Nigeria and Cameroon.

Western Lowland Gorillas are the most numerous and widespread of all gorilla subspecies, but they still face significant threats from habitat loss, poaching, and disease. Cross River Gorillas are one of the world's 25 most endangered primates, with only a few hundred individuals remaining in the wild. Conservation efforts are underway to protect both subspecies and their habitats, including anti-poaching patrols, habitat restoration, and community education programs.

Loiasis is a tropical parasitic infection caused by the filarial nematode worm, Loa loa. It is also known as "African eye worm" due to the migration of the adult worm through the subconjunctival tissues of the eye, which is a common symptom. The infection is transmitted through the bite of deerfly or mango fly (Chrysops spp.).

After transmission, the larval form of the parasite migrates through the soft tissues and matures into an adult worm that lives in the subcutaneous tissue. Adult worms can be up to 7 cm long and may cause localized itching or a transient subconjunctival migration, which is painless but alarming to the patient.

Loiasis is usually asymptomatic, but severe symptoms such as Calabar swellings (recurrent angioedema), arthralgia, pruritus, and cardiac or respiratory complications can occur in heavy infections. Diagnosis is made by detecting microfilariae or adult worms in the blood, skin snips, or eye fluid. Treatment typically involves diethylcarbamazine citrate (DEC) therapy, but ivermectin and albendazole can also be used. Preventive measures include avoiding fly bites through the use of protective clothing, insect repellents, and bed nets.

... portal Africa portal Index of Cameroon-related articles Outline of Cameroon Telephone numbers in Cameroon "Cameroon § ... "Cameroon clothing - A description of the traditional attire of Cameroon". Cameroon-Today.com. Archived from the original on 4 ... Portal Cameroon from UCB Libraries GovPubs Cameroon at Curlie Cameroon profile from the BBC News Wikimedia Atlas of Cameroon ... and plateaus known as the Cameroon range extends from Mount Cameroon on the coast-Cameroon's highest point at 4,095 metres ( ...
Cameroon), Communes of Cameroon, All stub articles, Cameroon geography stubs). ... Mombo is a town and commune in Cameroon. Communes of Cameroon Site de la primature - Élections municipales 2002 (in French) ...
Cameroon), Communes of Cameroon, All stub articles, Cameroon geography stubs). ... Diang is a town and commune in Cameroon. It is located in the Departement of Lom-et-Djerem in the East region of Cameroon. As ... Communes of Cameroon Mah, E.P. (2014). La profession d'huissier de justice au Cameroun francophone. Harmattan Cameroun (in ...
The Cameroon racer, Poecilopholis cameronensis, is a species of rear-fanged mildly venomous snake endemic to Africa. ... As the specific name implies, Poecilopholis cameronensis is found in Cameroon. The maxillary has about 10 small subequal teeth ...
Cameroon), Communes of Cameroon, All stub articles, Cameroon geography stubs). ... Ebone is a town and commune in the Moungo department of Cameroon. Communes of Cameroon Site de la primature - Élections ...
Anam (or Anang) is a village in the commune of Martap, in the Adamawa Region of Cameroon. In 1967, Anam contained 44 ... Cameroon portal (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Populated places in Adamawa Region). ...
Cameroon), Communes of Cameroon, All stub articles, Centre Region (Cameroon) geography stubs). ... Esse is a town and commune in Cameroon. Communes of Cameroon Mah, E.P. (2014). La profession d'huissier de justice au Cameroun ...
... wound dozens in northern Cameroon". Reuters. Retrieved 24 February 2019. Moki Edwin Kindzeka (27 January 2016). "Cameroon ... They started attacking Cameroon (along with Chad and Niger) in the mid-2010s. Bodo is just across the border which is only ... Bodo is a village in the Far North Region of Cameroon, adjacent to the border with Nigeria. Bodo is one of the settlements in ... Linus Unah (7 February 2019). "Briefing: Nigerians seek safety in Cameroon as Boko Haram crisis escalates". IRIN News. ...
Nwa is a town and commune in Cameroon. "Departments of Cameroon". Statoids, obtained from Institut national de la statistique ( ...
Bali is a town and commune in Cameroon, lying west of Bamenda. It has a population of 32,000 (2001 estimate). Formerly the ... Cameroon), All stub articles, Cameroon geography stubs). ...
Cameroon), Communes of Cameroon, All stub articles, Cameroon geography stubs). ... Communes of Cameroon "Mayo-Danay (Department, Cameroon) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". citypopulation.info ... Guere (French: Guéré) is a commune in Mayo-Danay Department, Cameroon. In 2005, the population was recorded as 38,328. ...
Cameroon on a Clear Day. Pasadena, CA: William Carey Library, 1999. O'Neill, Herbert C. The War in Africa and the Far East. ... Mora is a town in northern Cameroon. Mora has a population of 55,216 making it the 5th biggest city in Far North. The German ... over a year after the rest of the German army withdrew out of Cameroon. Many German troops escaped to the neutral Spanish ... Cameroon), All stub articles, Cameroon geography stubs). ... Thousands flee Boko Haram attacks in Nigeria for Cameroon ...
Etuko (or Etuku) is a village in Cameroon located in the Department of Manyu in the Southwest Region. It is administratively ... The local ethnicity is Banyangi people [fr]. Communes of Cameroon Bureau central des recensements et des études de population ... Cameroon), All stub articles, Cameroon geography stubs). ...
Cameroon), Communes of Cameroon, All stub articles, Cameroon geography stubs). ... Tonga, Cameroon is a town and commune in Cameroon. The Tonga sub-division has three major village groups: Badoumga (Banounga), ... Tonga is on the Yaounde Bafoussam road and is about 220 km (140 mi) from Yaounde, the capital of Cameroon. It is about 10 km ( ... Communes of Cameroon Site de la primature - Élections municipales 2002 (in French) Contrôle de gestion et performance des ...
Cameroon), Communes of Cameroon, All stub articles, Cameroon geography stubs). ... Communes of Cameroon Site de la primature - Élections municipales 2002 Portail Royaume Baham (French) Baham Museum (in French) ... Baham (Hom in the local language) is the seat of the Department of Hauts-Plateaux, in the Western Province of Cameroon. It also ...
Pawati is a village in the commune of Mayo-Baléo in the Adamawa Region of Cameroon, near the border with Nigeria [fr]. In 1971 ... Cameroon portal Mayo-Baléo Archived 2016-08-16 at the Wayback Machine, on the website Communes et villes unies du Cameroun ( ...
"Cameroon". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2011-02-01. "Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests ... continues the Cameroon line into the mainland of Cameroon. The plateau rises in steps from the west. To the east, it terminates ... Mountains of Cameroon, Volcanic fields, Volcanoes of Cameroon, Physiographic sections). ... The Cameroon line bisects the angle where the coast of Africa makes a 90° bend from the southern coast along the west of the ...
Hina is a town, commune and political sub division in the Department of Mayo-Tsanaga in the Far North Region of Cameroon. Hina ... Communes of Cameroon "Climate: Hina". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved August 5, 2020. Site de la primature - Élections municipales ... Cameroon), All stub articles, Cameroon geography stubs). ...
Melong is a community in Cameroon. It lies on the N5 road to the north of Nkongsamba. The soil is volcanic and fertile. The ... Ekom Nkam Melong Falls Ekom Nkam water Falls Ekom Nkam river Ekom Nkam river Communes of Cameroon Sources Kalu, Kelechi Amihe ( ... Yerima, Bernard P.K.; Van Ranst, E. (2005). Major Soil Classification Systems Used in the Tropics:: Soils of Cameroon. Trafford ... Cameroon), All stub articles, Cameroon geography stubs). ...
Cameroon), Jewish communities, Jews and Judaism in Cameroon, All stub articles, Centre Region (Cameroon) geography stubs). ... Communes of Cameroon History of the Jews in Cameroon "A synopsis of the Jews of sub-Saharan Africa". Sub-Saharan African ... Sa'a is a town located in the Centre Province of Cameroon precisely in the Lekie division. Sa'a is a small town composed of two ...
Cameroon), Communes of Cameroon, All stub articles, Cameroon geography stubs). ... "Mayo-Danay (Department, Cameroon) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". citypopulation.info. v t e (CS1 French- ... Maga is a commune in Mayo-Danay Department, Cameroon. In 2005, the population was recorded at 85100. Children fishing in Lake ...
Media of Cameroon BBC, Cameroon Gallagher, David F. (Spring 1991). "Public and Private Press in Cameroon: A Brief History". www ... The Cameroon Tribune is a major newspaper in Cameroon. It is also available online. It is owned by the government. It was ... Cameroon Tribune's Official Website v t e v t e (Newspapers published in Cameroon, Publications with year of establishment ... Gallagher, David F. (Spring 1991). "Public and Private Press in Cameroon: The Press Scene -- An Overview". www.lightningfield. ...
... a volcano in Cameroon Cameroon sheep, an African breed of sheep Cameroons, supporters of David Cameron Search for "cameroon" on ... Cameroon is a country in central Africa. Cameroon may also refer to: Kamerun or German Cameroon, a German colony between 1884 ... Cameroon All pages with titles containing Cameroon This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Cameroon. ... a French colony between 1920 and 1960 British Cameroons, a British colony between 1922 and 1961 Mount Cameroon, ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Belo, Cameroon. Communes of Cameroon Cameroon separatists force army to retreat after ... Belo is a town and commune in Northwest Region of Cameroon. It is mainly populated by Kom people. In April 2018, during the ... This is a genocide': villages burn as war rages in blood-soaked Cameroon, The Guardian, May 20, 2018. Accessed Jun 1, 2018. ... Cameroon), All stub articles, Cameroon geography stubs). ...
Cameroon), Communes of Cameroon, All stub articles, Cameroon geography stubs). ... "Mayo-Danay (Department, Cameroon) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". citypopulation.info. 10°09′N 15°13′E /  ... Wina is a commune in Mayo-Danay Department, Cameroon. In 2005, the population was recorded at 30702. Mah, E.P. (2014). La ...
Cameroon), Communes of Cameroon, All stub articles, Centre Region (Cameroon) geography stubs). ... Bokito is a town located in the Mbam-et-Inoubou department of Centre Region of Cameroon. The town is situated approximately 20 ...
Lélé is a town in southern Cameroon, near the junction of the borders of Cameroon, Gabon and Congo-Brazzaville. Population = ... 794 Lélé River 2°17′N 13°20′E / 2.28°N 13.33°E / 2.28; 13.33 Lélé, Cameroon at GEOnet Names Server v t e (Articles with ... short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Coordinates on Wikidata, Populated places in South Region (Cameroon), ...
... 2017 Cameroon International 2018 Cameroon International 2019 Cameroon International 2020 (Cancelled) ... Cameroon International 2022 Cameroon International 2023 winners Cameroon portal (Badminton tournaments in Cameroon, 2017 ... The Cameroon International is an international badminton tournament held in Yaoundé, Cameroon. This tournament established in ... This tournament, originally to be played from 8 to 11 October, was later postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Cameroon. ...
Tatum is a Town in Northwest Province, Cameroon. Science labs for high schoolers in rural Cameroon Images of Tatum (PowerPoint ... Cameroon), All stub articles, Cameroon geography stubs). ... Cameroon articles missing geocoordinate data, All articles ...
The Cameroon sunbird (Cyanomitra oritis) is a species of bird in the family Nectariniidae. It is found in the Cameroon line ( ...
  • Speedtest Intelligence ® reveals MTN was the fastest mobile operator among top providers in Cameroon in Q2 2023 with a median download speed of 15.06 Mbps. (speedtest.net)
  • According to UNHCR, the number of refugees in Cameroon has increased to 479,000, up slightly from 2022. (voanews.com)
  • Members from NGO, Plan International, give classes to women and young girl during a field visit by Filippo Grandi, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), in Maroua, Cameroon, April 28, 2022. (voanews.com)
  • Filippo Grandi, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), tours the Bogo IDP camp during a field visit in Maroua, Cameroon, April 28, 2022. (voanews.com)
  • Cameroon was estimated to be home to 480 232 people living with HIV in 2022, with 9905 new cases recorded that year. (who.int)
  • Lake Chad in Africa spanned over 770,000 square miles in 50,000 B.C., according to Cameroon-based architecture. (inhabitat.com)
  • French: Cameroun), officially the Republic of Cameroon (French: République du Cameroun), is a country in Central Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cameroon is often called "Little Africa", as the diverse terrain and culture found within its borders are representative of those found on the entire continent. (wels.net)
  • Although Cameroon has one of the richest media landscapes in Africa, it is one of the continent's most dangerous countries for journalists, who operate in a hostile and precarious environment,' RSF says in its Cameroon country profile. (yahoo.com)
  • Cameroon holidays remain well off the tourist trail meaning you can explore the best that Africa has to offer, without another safari vehicle in sight. (responsibletravel.com)
  • Cameroon, in west-central Africa, with its unique history of colonial rule by three European powers is no exception as it still struggles to provide citizens with stable and inclusive education and healthcare. (lu.se)
  • The southern part of British Cameroons federated with it in 1961 to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. (wikipedia.org)
  • The country was renamed the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972 and back to the Republic of Cameroon in 1984 by a presidential decree by president Paul Biya. (wikipedia.org)
  • A referendum held on May 20, 1972, gave massive endorsement to the proposal, and a decree of June 2 proclaimed the United Republic of Cameroon in existence since the referendum of May 20, with the same date to be observed thereafter as the national holiday. (globalsecurity.org)
  • On behalf of the Government of the United States, I congratulate the people of the Republic of Cameroon as you celebrate National Day on May 20. (state.gov)
  • Outspoken reporter Paul Chouta, who worked for private news website Cameroon Web, was beaten and stabbed by unknown attackers in 2019. (yahoo.com)
  • Yaoundé - Nicole, 28, from Bertoua in eastern Cameroon, will never forget that day in 2019 when her doctor at Batouri Catholic Hospital told her she was HIV-positive. (who.int)
  • The schistosomiasis team are using this period to review all achievements in SCH and STH in Cameroon, finalize the 2003-2019 progress report on SCH-STH, develop the new 2021-2030 strategic plan, revise and optimize the 2020 workplan taking into account challenges and lessons learnt from past years. (who.int)
  • From 1961 until the spring of 1972, Cameroon was governed as a federation, with East (former French) Cameroon and West (former British) Cameroon having individual governments, each with parliament and ministries, in addition to the Federal Government structure. (globalsecurity.org)
  • The incident is the latest in a string of attacks against journalists in Cameroon, which has a vibrant press and which is ruled by President Paul Biya, who has a decades-long record of repressing opposition. (yahoo.com)
  • When Paul Biya first took the helm of Cameroon, Ronald Reagan was in his second year of presidency, Madonna had not yet made the charts and the Soviet Union was still nearly a decade away from break-up. (modernghana.com)
  • Meanwhile, Cameroon's territorial administration minister, Paul Atanga Nji, said President Paul Biya ordered his government to continue helping refugees in Cameroon. (voanews.com)
  • The same can be true of the rest of the multinational regional coalition that emerged last year to fight Boko Haram along with Nigeria: Cameroon, Chad and France, which is quietly supported by the United States. (rand.org)
  • The United States must work with Cameroon, Chad, France and Nigeria at a strategic level to forge a collective and coherent road map to victory, and at an operational level to make sure that those doing the actual fighting achieve as much as possible. (rand.org)
  • Since 2012, Niger, Nigeria, Chad and Cameroon have been ravaged by recurring violence that has gone largely unnoticed by the global media. (icrc.org)
  • They believe that they can find security once they get outside the Central African Republic, he says, especially coming to Cameroon and other neighboring countries like Chad, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sudan, and South Sudan," Oliver expressed. (voanews.com)
  • President Barack Obama's decision Wednesday to deploy 300 soldiers to the West African nation of Cameroon to help combat the Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram is welcome news. (rand.org)
  • In addition to its reign of terror in Nigeria, Boko Haram has been savaging Cameroon next door, where it is responsible for killing hundreds over the past year, according to an Amnesty International report published last month. (rand.org)
  • Cameroon simply lacks the means to stop Boko Haram and badly needs a hand. (rand.org)
  • Most of the other refugees in Cameroon are Nigerians displaced by Boko Haram militant attacks, with the majority living in the Minawao camp in northern Cameroon. (voanews.com)
  • The U.N. says Cameroon also hosts more than 100,000 Nigerian refugees who fled Boko Haram terrorism. (voanews.com)
  • Olivier Guillaume Beer, the UNHCR representative in Cameroon, said a majority of CAR and Nigerian refugees who fled to Cameroon lost everything in their countries of origin and need help. (voanews.com)
  • Nji says Cameroon assists the UNHCR by providing free health care for all Central African refugees and free education for their children. (voanews.com)
  • As of 2018, a WELS missionary has not been able to live in Cameroon. (wels.net)
  • Nine athletes competing in the Mount Cameroon Race of Hope in Buea town were injured, as well as 10 civilians. (huffpost.com)
  • ZOTA ATANGANA COL is an agricultural company Located in Litoral Region, Douala Douala Cameroon.Specialised in Agriculture nuts , seeds,Oil and We operate in agro industry and general merchandising.We have a highly skilled and experienced team of professionals, who consistently work hard to maintain the quality of our agro products. (tradekey.com)
  • Cholera prevention activities are part of the Global Health Security Agenda's Emergency Management project in Cameroon. (cdc.gov)
  • A young boy takes a dose of the oral cholera vaccine distributed in his village in northern Cameroon. (cdc.gov)
  • Cholera outbreaks are not new to Cameroon. (cdc.gov)
  • From 2011 to 2014, Cameroon reported 26,621 cases of cholera leading to 1,031 deaths. (cdc.gov)
  • The goal of the campaign is to reduce the burden of cholera in Cameroon and prevent another epidemic of the severe diarrheal disease. (cdc.gov)
  • Griggs said the vaccine campaign - the largest oral cholera vaccination campaign ever in Cameroon - was successful, with overall coverage rates of 82.4% in the first round and 89.2% in the second round. (cdc.gov)
  • Cholera Comes to Cameroon…" A cholera epidemic has hit northern Cameroon , killing more than 200 people in less than a month. (undispatch.com)
  • The country has a multiparty system of government, but the Cameroon People s Democratic Movement (CPDM) has remained in power since it was created in 1985. (globalsecurity.org)
  • Earlier this year, Anne Griggs, a nurse epidemiologist with CDC's Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, deployed to Cameroon for five weeks to help the country distribute more than 278,000 doses of vaccine. (cdc.gov)
  • Additional information can be found on Cameroon and IMF country page, including official IMF reports and Executive Board documents in English and French that deal with Cameroon. (imf.org)
  • About three-fourths of the refugees in Cameroon are from the Central African Republic, a country that has been rocked by violence since 2013, when a rebel group ousted then-President Francois Bozize, prompting reprisals. (voanews.com)
  • B ritish diplomats believe Cameroon, a country with 27 million inhabitants, is run by just five men and that there is "extensive corruption. (consortiumnews.com)
  • FILE - Refugees are seen gathered at Minawao refugee camp in northern Cameroon, April 18, 2016. (voanews.com)
  • Ahead of World Refugee Day on June 20, humanitarian agencies are distributing aid to the nearly 500,000 refugees who live in Cameroon. (voanews.com)
  • The U.N.'s refugee chief, Filippo Grandi, on a visit to Cameroon this week, vowed to give more support to displaced Central Africans and Cameroonians fleeing intercommunal violence. (voanews.com)
  • Nji says Cameroon provides security for all refugees and land for the construction of refugee camps. (voanews.com)
  • She fled and crossed into Cameroon, becoming a refugee at the Gado camp, where she gave birth to a son, Haphisi Ibrahim. (ipsnews.net)
  • She escaped to the Ngam refugee site in the Adamawa region of Cameroon with her five children, one of whom recently passed away from illness. (ipsnews.net)
  • But for these women, and many others in Cameroon, life at the refugee camp has also empowered them in ways they never imagined. (ipsnews.net)
  • Nigeria and other regional partners, including Cameroon, have been struggling to combat the extremists, who are best known in the United States for the 2014 abduction of almost 300 girls from a secondary school, and who, earlier this year, pledged allegiance to the Islamic State group. (rand.org)
  • Cameroon says a majority of the refugees it hosts do not want to return to the CAR or Nigeria. (voanews.com)
  • The Islamist militant group has killed more than 380 civilians in Nigeria and Cameroon since April. (huffpost.com)
  • He says Cameroon is home to about half-a-million refugees from the Central African Republic, Nigeria, and other nationals who find hospitable reception and peace in the central African state. (voanews.com)
  • We consider the Cameroon General Certificate of Education Board Advanced Levels (Cameroonian A Levels) for entry. (ed.ac.uk)
  • The United States looks forward to continued cooperation with Cameroon to advance commitments to human rights, good governance, dialogue, and peace. (state.gov)
  • Cameroon : development cooperation report, annual report 1991. (who.int)
  • Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River), which became Cameroon in English. (wikipedia.org)
  • The official languages of Cameroon are French and English, the official languages of former French Cameroons and British Cameroons. (wikipedia.org)
  • It has experienced tensions from the English-speaking territories, where politicians have advocated for greater decentralisation and even complete separation or independence (as in the Southern Cameroons National Council). (wikipedia.org)
  • They noted an abundance of the ghost shrimp Lepidophthalmus turneranus in the Wouri River and named it Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River), which became Cameroon in English. (wikipedia.org)
  • The English zones, where the Lutheran Church of Cameroon (LCC) is primarily located, have struggled with political tension since 2016. (wels.net)
  • Despite Amnesty's detailed report, U.K. Defence Minister James Heappey met Eko Eko at a dinner hosted by the British ambassador while visiting Cameroon last spring. (consortiumnews.com)
  • Our local chapter in Cameroon has established a reporting mechanism for use by the general public, and worked with a network of citizens to report possible irregularities to the chapter. (transparency.org)
  • Vaccine introduction status in Cameroon over time. (who.int)
  • World Health Organization (WHO) has supported Cameroon in the efforts to lower the HIV burden, including through training health workers. (who.int)
  • Patients with hypertension , diabetes mellitus , and human immunodeficiency virus bear the greatest burden of CKD in Cameroon . (bvsalud.org)
  • We praise God for seven new seminary graduates in Cameroon, and we pray the Lord blesses their ministries. (wels.net)
  • We pray for the continued ability for Missionary Kroll and members the One African Team to make continued visits to Cameroon. (wels.net)
  • WikiCine Cameroon va permettre de créer du contenu souvent inexistant sur les professionnels du cinéma camerounais, avec des illustrations de leurs œuvres et de leurs parcours. (wikimedia.org)
  • Cameroon is one of many countries across the continent, from Burkina Faso to Ethiopia to Equatorial Guinea, where journalists complain that media freedoms are under threat from authoritarian governments. (yahoo.com)
  • Seven Cameroon athletes have disappeared while in Britain for the London Olympics, the Ministry of Sports and Physical Education said on Monday evening. (hurriyetdailynews.com)
  • Lord, please keep the people in Cameroon safe and put an end to the civil unrest. (wels.net)
  • As part of its ongoing support to Cameroon, WHO is working with thehealth authorities to develop and expand a people-centred approach to differentiating HIV services. (who.int)
  • The Government of Cameroon does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. (state.gov)
  • The Government of Cameroon put in place several measures in response to COVID-19 including the closure of all public and private schools and universities. (who.int)
  • We know that there are problems with refugees from Ukraine, that we have to meet the request of refugees from Afghanistan, from Sudan, but we would like to call on the donors to not forget Cameroon and to support Cameroon to support refugees," he said. (voanews.com)
  • Our revelations of British support for Biya's regime come as Amnesty launched a campaign on Monday to free political prisoners in Cameroon. (consortiumnews.com)
  • Alongside the military support, Britain signed a £200 million trade deal with Cameroon last year. (consortiumnews.com)
  • It should be added that while there are some countries whose militaries are so feckless that any assistance would likely be squandered, Cameroon is not one of them. (rand.org)
  • This web page provides information in on the activities of the Office, views of the IMF staff, and the relations between Cameroon and the IMF . (imf.org)
  • Put a free analog web clock for Cameroon on your page, customized to match your color scheme! (worldtimeserver.com)
  • This page is a translated version of the page The WikiCine Cameroon Project and the translation is 100% complete. (wikimedia.org)
  • In 1960, the French-administered part of Cameroon became independent, as the Republic of Cameroun, under President Ahmadou Ahidjo. (wikipedia.org)
  • Grandi praised Cameroon, which hosts about half of the the CAR's refugees. (voanews.com)
  • There is a very real danger that, due to the current climate in Cameroon, all of these men and others are being subjected to ill-treatment by guards and fellow prisoners. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • Lt Col Purser - a Falklands war veteran and marine commando - is stationed in Cameroon as Britain's "senior military adviser. (consortiumnews.com)
  • Originally, Cameroon was the exonym given by the Portuguese to the Wouri River, which they called Rio dos Camarões meaning "river of shrimps" or "shrimp river", referring to the then abundant Cameroon ghost shrimp. (wikipedia.org)
  • What Time Is It In Cameroon? (worldtimeserver.com)
  • Want to see the time in Cameroon compared with your home? (worldtimeserver.com)
  • Choose a date and time then click "Submit" and we'll help you convert it from Cameroon time to your time zone. (worldtimeserver.com)
  • Try our World Meeting Planner and get a color-coded chart comparing the time of day in Cameroon with all of the other international locations where others will be participating. (worldtimeserver.com)
  • At this critical time for democracy in Cameroon, Transparency International and Transparency International Cameroon urge all parties in politics and media to act responsibly and with integrity in their communications around the election and its results. (transparency.org)
  • Fleeing from the devastating conflict in the Central African Republic (CAR), today they are rebuilding their lives, one day at a time, in a camp in Cameroon. (ipsnews.net)
  • When Dr. Aristide Abah stepped off the plane that brought him from Atlanta back to his home in Cameroon, there was no time to waste. (cdc.gov)
  • Chronic kidney disease in Cameroon: a scoping review. (bvsalud.org)
  • This scoping review sought to summarize available data on the prevalence , associated factors, etiology , comorbidities, treatment , cost and mortality of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Cameroon . (bvsalud.org)
  • Chronic kidney disease affects about one in 10 adults in the general population in Cameroon . (bvsalud.org)
  • Chronic kidney disease in Cameroon is associated with high morbidity and mortality and huge economic cost on the patient . (bvsalud.org)
  • Since schools and medical facilities proved to be an effective tool for proselytization, missionary societies in Cameroon were not only the main providers of formal education but were also crucial players in the initial establishment of institutionalized health care during the colonial era. (lu.se)
  • I create novel historical databases documenting the temporal and spatial extent of missionary expansion in Cameroon by drawing on newly collected and largely unexplored data from annual mission reports. (lu.se)
  • Finally, I highlight the crucial role of Africans in the functioning of missionary work in Cameroon before World War I. Missions relied on the local acceptance of indigenous chiefs and depended predominantly on African personnel to facilitate the rapid and cost-efficient expansion of the missionary sphere of influence. (lu.se)
  • While the financial contributions of indigenous Cameroonians to the mission funds were low (yet non-negligible) relative to donations from Europe and America during German colonial rule, Africans' willingness to accept Christianity and their demand for missionary services ultimately determined the success of missions in Cameroon. (lu.se)
  • In the Grasslands region of northwestern Cameroon, bead embroidery is one of the most lavish arts. (smarthistory.org)

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