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A state in western Australia. Its capital is Perth. It was first visited by the Dutch in 1616 but the English took possession in 1791 and permanent colonization began in 1829. It was a penal settlement 1850-1888, became part of the colonial government in 1886, and was granted self government in 1890. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1329)
Prince Edward Island
An island in the Gulf of St. Lawrence constituting a province of Canada in the eastern part of the country. It is very irregular in shape with many deep inlets. Its capital is Charlottetown. Discovered by the French in 1534 and originally named Ile Saint-Jean, it was renamed in 1799 in honor of Prince Edward, fourth son of George III and future father of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p981 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p433)
A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.
Double-layered inflatable suits which, when inflated, exert pressure on the lower part of the wearer's body. The suits are used to improve or stabilize the circulatory state, i.e., to prevent hypotension, control hemorrhage, and regulate blood pressure. The suits are also used by pilots under positive acceleration.
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
Control of luteolysis in the one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius). (1/284)Blood plasma concentrations of 13,14-dihydro-15-keto PGF2 alpha (PGFM) were measured in groups of mature non-pregnant and pregnant camels to study PGF2 alpha release patterns around the time of luteolysis and the timing of the signal for pregnancy recognition. Injection of each of four camels with 10 and 50 mg of PGF2 alpha showed clearly that five times the dose of exogenous hormone produced five times the amount of PGFM in peripheral plasma, thereby indicating that, as in other animal species, PGFM is the principal metabolite of PGF2 alpha in the camel. Serial sampling of three non-pregnant camels on each of days 8, 10 and 12, and three pregnant camels on day 10, after ovulation for 8 h showed a significant (P < 0.05) rise in mean plasma PGFM concentrations only on day 10 in the non-pregnant, but not the pregnant, animals. A single intravenous injection of 20, 50 or 100 iu oxytocin given to three groups of three non-pregnant camels on day 10 after ovulation did not increase their basal serum PGFM concentrations. However, daily treatment of six non-pregnant camels between days 6 and 15 (n = 3) or 20 (n = 3) after ovulation with 1-2 g of the prostaglandin synthetase inhibitor, meclofenamic acid, inhibited PGF2 alpha release and thereby resulted in continued progesterone secretion throughout the period of meclofenamic acid administration. These results showed that, as in other large domestic animal species, release of PGF2 alpha from, presumably, the endometrium controls luteolysis in the dromedary camel. Furthermore, reduction in the amount of PGF2 alpha released is associated with luteal maintenance and the embryonic signal for maternal recognition of pregnancy must be transmitted before day 10 after ovulation if luteostasis is to be achieved. However, the results also indicate that, in contrast to ruminants, the release of endometrial PGF2 alpha in the non-pregnant camel may not be controlled by the release of oxytocin. (+info)
Rumen ciliate protozoal fauna of native sheep, friesian cattle and dromedary camel in Libya. (2/284)Rumen ciliate species and composition were surveyed on the native sheep, Friesian-cattle and dromedary (one-humped) camels kept in Libya. As a result of survey, 5 genera including 14 species with 5 formae in native sheep, 9 genera including 27 species with 6 formae in Friesian-cattle and 6 genera including 13 species and 7 formae in dromedary camels were identified. All of the ciliate species and their percentage composition detected from the Libyan sheep and cattle in this examination were similar to those found from corresponding animals in the other countries. Libyan camels lacked some peculiar ciliate species found from camels in the other countries, but had many cosmopolitan species common with those in the domestic ruminants, suggesting that ciliate faunae of camel are easily affected by the other domestic ruminants kept together. The ciliate density was estimated as 105/ml in every host species. (+info)
Hybridizing Old and New World camelids: Camelus dromedarius x Lama guanicoe. (3/284)Thirty female dromedary camels were inseminated on a total of 50 occasions with 2-4 ml of fresh guanaco semen diluted with an equal volume of commercially available camel semen extender. Similarly, nine female guanacos were inseminated on 34 occasions with 4-6 ml of fresh, diluted camel semen. Only two of the dromedary females conceived; one aborted a female foetus on day 260 of gestation and the other gave birth to a stillborn female calf on day 365. Six conceptions occurred in the female guanacos. Two of these conceptuses, diagnosed by ultrasound, were resorbed between days 25 and 40 of gestation, one female foetus was aborted on day 291, another female foetus was aborted on day 302, and one female calf was stillborn on day 365 of gestation. The sixth foetus, a male, was born prematurely but alive after a 328-day gestation. It had a phenotypic appearance intermediate between that of a camel and a guanaco and its hybrid parentage was confirmed by the DNA fingerprinting of eight llama microsatellites. To our knowledge, this is the first viable hybrid ever to be produced between Old World and New World camelids, which have been reproductively isolated from one another for at least 11 million years. The preponderance of female hybrids is in accordance with Haldane's law. Histological examination of their ovaries revealed a failure of meiosis, with only an occasional abnormal oocyte surrounded by follicle cells. Although the diploid chromosone number of camels and guanacos is the same (2n = 74), sufficient genetic change has taken place to make the pairing of homologous chromosomes no longer possible. (+info)
Characteristics of a Kenyan camelpox virus. (4/284)A virus was isolated from pock-like vesicular eruptions of camels in Northern Kenya. This virus was shown to be a pox virus with many characteristics of members of the Orthopox group. It appears to be identical with camelpox strains from Iran and has similar properties to certain East African variola strains. (+info)
Isolation and structure of an untriakontapeptide with opiate activity from camel pituitary glands. (5/284)The isolation of an untriakontapeptide from camel pituitary extracts has been described. Its structure has been determined and shown to be identical to the sequence of carboxyl-terminal 31 amino acids of ovine beta-lipotropin. The peptide possesses very low lipotropic activity but significant opiate activity. (+info)
Camel heavy-chain antibodies: diverse germline V(H)H and specific mechanisms enlarge the antigen-binding repertoire. (6/284)The antigen-binding site of the camel heavy-chain antibodies devoid of light chain consists of a single variable domain (V(H)H) that obviously lacks the V(H)-V(L) combinatorial diversity. To evaluate the extent of the V(H)H antigen-binding repertoire, a germline database was constructed from PCR-amplified V(H)H/V(H) segments of a single specimen of Camelus dromedarius. A total of 33 V(H)H and 39 V()H unique sequences were identified, encoded by 42 and 50 different genes, respectively. Sequence comparison indicates that the V(H)Hs evolved within the V(H) subgroup III. Nevertheless, the V(H)H germline segments are highly diverse, leading to a broad structural repertoire of the antigen-binding loops. Seven V(H)H subfamilies were recognized, of which five were confirmed to be expressed in vivo. Comparison of germline and cDNA sequences demonstrates that the rearranged V(H)Hs are extensively diversified by somatic mutation processes, leading to an additional hypervariable region and a high incidence of nucleotide insertions or deletions. These diversification processes are driven by hypermutation and recombination hotspots embedded in the V(H)H germline genes at the regions affecting the structure of the antigen-binding loops. (+info)
Caseous lymphadenitis caused by Corynebacterium ulcerans in the dromedary camel. (7/284)Caseous lymphadenitis that affected the dorsal and ventral superficial lymph nodes in the left cervicothoracic region of a young dromedary camel is described. The agent isolated was Corynebacterium ulcerans. To our knowledge, this is the first description of purulent lymphadenitis caused by C. ulcerans in a species belonging to the Camelidae. (+info)
Ruminant relaxin in the pregnant one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius). (8/284)We have determined the cDNA sequence of preprorelaxin in the pregnant one-humped camel by employing reverse transcription- and rapid amplification of cDNA ends-polymerase chain reaction. Camel preprorelaxin consisted of 600 base pairs (bp) encoding a protein of 199 amino acids (aa) with a signal peptide of 25 aa (75 bp), a B domain of 28 aa (84 bp), a C domain of 121 aa (366 bp), and an A domain of 24 aa (72 bp). The N terminus of the C domain of camel prorelaxin contained the unique proline-rich repetitive sequence (-RPAP)(3)-(-K/RPAL-)(2), and within the B domain the classical -GRELVR- receptor binding motif was found. Camel preprorelaxin showed highest homology with porcine (74.6%) and equine (65.4%) relaxin. The ovary and the uteroplacental unit were a dual source of relaxin in the pregnant dromedary. Within the ovary, weak expression of relaxin was detected in large luteal cells of the mature corpus luteum. In the ovarian follicles, immunoreactive relaxin, but not relaxin mRNA, was detected in the granulosa and theca interna cell layer. Beginning at around Day 93 of gestation and coinciding with increasing interdigitation of the fetal villus with the underlying maternal endometrium, uterine luminal epithelial cells in the uteroplacental tissue expressed relaxin. Weak expression of immunoreactive relaxin, but not relaxin mRNA, was observed in villous trophoblast cells. Pseudostratified trophoblast cells at the base of the placental villi and multinucleate giant cells did not express relaxin. (+info)
Studies on the Developmental Competence of Dromedary Camels (Camelus dromedarius) oocytes for Mahmoud Mohamed Abd Elaziz
Thesis, English, Studies on the Developmental Competence of Dromedary Camels (Camelus dromedarius) oocytes for Mahmoud Mohamed Abd Elaziz
Sinu-atrial Node of Mature Dromedary Camel Heart (Camelus dromedarius)with special Emphasis on the Atrial Purkinje like...
Sinu-atrial Node of Mature Dromedary Camel Heart (Camelus dromedarius)with special Emphasis on the Atrial Purkinje like Cardiomyocytes Abstract.
Gross anatomy and histology of the mammary gland of one humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) under different physiological...
In the present studies, the samples of mammary glands from 24 apparently healthy female one-humped camels (Camelus dromedaries) under different physiological conditions were investigated for their gross and light microscopic anatomy. The gross studies on the mammary gland of female camels revealed that the udder of the camel cow had four quarters with its own teat. The colour of the mammary gland showed brown to black tingeing colour. The shape of the mammary gland was cone-shaped in both immature and mature animals, however, the conformation of teats changed markedly with change in physiological state: in lactating females, the teat turned noticeably round at the tips. The length of teat varied significantly among the dour different groups studied. The circumference and diameter of teat increased from tip to base. The most striking feature observed was the presence of two-streak canals in all four teats of female camels. The streak canal was found longer in camel cows when they were lactating. ...
Ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) infesting camels (Camelus dromedarius) in Northern Sudan
ABSTRACT. Monthly total body tick collections from 13-20 camels were conducted for 2 consecutive years (2000-2001) in Northern Sudan. Tick populations were correlated with locality, season, predeliction site, sex and coat colour. Hyalomma dromedarii was found to be the predominant (89 %) tick species infesting the camels. Other tick species found in very low numbers were Hyalomma impeltatum (7.7 %), Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum (3.3 %), Hyalomma truncatum (0.29 %), Hyalomma marginatum rufipes (0.25 %), Rhipicephalus praetextatus (0.30 %) and Rhipicephalus sanguineus group (0.09 %). Nymphs of the genus Hyalomma were collected in significant numbers. Adult ticks significantly preferred to attach to the lower parts of the camels body for feeding while the nymphs preferred the back of the animal. Female camels harboured more ticks than males while higher infestations were recorded on camels with a grey coat colour compared to those with a brown coat colour. Ticks were found on camels throughout ...
Pelvis: left side view | ArchéoZoothèque
Camelus dromedarius - AdultCollection: Syrian-Japanese mission of Ain el-Kerkh (ed. Akira Tsuneki - University of Tsukuba) - Location: Rouj Basin, northern Syria[/lang [lang=es]Camelus dromedarius - AdultoColección : Misión sirio-japonesa de Ain el-Kerkh (ed. Akira Tsuneki - Universidad de Tsukuba) - Ubicación : Rouj Basin, norte de Siria - camelus_dromedarius-20.jpg
Dromedary camel milk proteins, a source of peptides having biological activities - A review - IDF
Many useful properties are assigned to camel (Camelus dromedarius) milk, which is traditionally used for the treatment of tuberculosis, gastroenteritis, and allergy in many countries. Some amino acid sequences, which are encrypted in the camel proteins, may play a beneficial role in human health once they are released from milk either in vivo during normal digestion or by proteolysis with purified enzymes or during bacterial fermentation. Similar to the bovine milk counterparts, camel milk bioactive peptides may display a variety of potential activities that were almost always unveiled from in vitro analyses: anti-microbial, anti-oxidative, anti-hypertensive, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory activities. Today, there is a growing interest for bioactive peptides generated from camel milk. This paper reviews available data on the potential biological activities of the camel milk proteins and their peptides liberated either during milk fermentation with proteolytic bacterial strains or by ...
Species at Risk Public Registry - Recovery Strategy for the Dromedary Jumping-slug (Hemphillia dromedarius) in Canada [Final...
Dromedary Jumping-slug, Hemphillia dromedarius, is an old-growth coniferous forest-dwelling slug endemic to southern British Columbia (B.C.) and western Washington, with unconfirmed records in northern Oregon. The species exists at the northernmost limits of its range in south western B.C. with a known Canadian range extent of approximately 4000 km2 confined to southern Vancouver Island. The species was located and confirmed in Canada in 1999. As of 2008, 15 locations have been defined for Dromedary Jumping-slug, with eight of these locations in protected areas. Additional undocumented localities likely exist, although the range extent is not likely to expand significantly. The Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) designated Dromedary Jumping-slug as Threatened in 2003, due to the fragmentation of its coniferous forest habitats and threats to the remaining habitats, mainly from forestry activities.
Domestication, diffusion and hybridization of the Bactrian camel - Research database - University of Groningen
Berthon, R., Mashkour, M., Burger, P. & Çakirlar, C., 6-Apr-2020, Les vaisseaux du désert et des steppes: Les camélidés dans lAntiquité (Camelus dromedarius et Camelus bactrianus). Agut-Labordère, D. & Redon, B. (eds.). Lyon: MOM Editions, p. 21-26 6 p.. Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter › Academic ...
Middle Eastern respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), first identified in the fall of 2012 in a Saudi Arabian patient, has since infected over 180 individuals, causing 77 deaths. Antibodies to the virus and the viral genome have been found in dromedary camels in Jordan and Saudi Arabia, implicating those animals as the source of human infections. A new study reveals that the virus has infected camels throughout Saudi Arabia since at least 1992.. Serum, blood, and rectal and nasal swabs were collected from dromedary camels in November-December 2013 from southwestern, western, northwestern, eastern, and central regions of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Of 203 serum samples, 150 (74%) were found to contain antibodies to MERS-CoV. The number of seropositive animals varied from 5% to 95% depending on location and the age of the animals (in general, seropositivity was higher in adult camels compared with young camels). Antibodies against MERS-CoV were also detected in archived serum samples from ...
Columbia researchers extract live MERS coronavirus from Dromedary camels - Outbreak News Today
The researchers examined nasal samples collected during a countrywide survey of dromedary camels and selected samples from two animals with the highest viral load. They cultured and obtained complete genomic sequence from both animals as well as virus in nasal samples from several other camels.. The mathematical means of all genetic sequences (the consensus genomic sequences) were consistent with viruses found in human cases; however, samples from camels contained more than one virus genotype. Over a period of 48 hours of culture in primate cells, the genomic variation of viruses narrowed, mirroring the lower sequence diversity reported in MERS-CoV found in humans.. The finding of infectious virus strengthens the argument that dromedary camels are reservoirs for MERS-CoV, says first author Thomas Briese, PhD, associate director of the Center for Infection and Immunity and associate professor of Epidemiology at the Mailman School. The narrow range of MERS viruses in humans and a very broad ...
Urban Dictionary: CFH
Chromosome locations Select an organism by typing or scrolling Adelie penguin African clawed frog African savanna elephant Ailuropoda melanoleuca Alligator mississippiensis Alligator sinensis alpaca American alligator American beaver American crow American pika Anas platyrhynchos Aotus nancymaae Aptenodytes forsteri Arabian camel Australian saltwater crocodile Bactrian camel black flying fox black snub-nosed monkey Bolivian squirrel monkey Bos taurus bottlenose cfh symbol Brandts bat budgerigar Callithrix jacchus Callorhinchus milii Camelus bactrianus Camelus dromedarius Camelus ferus Canis lupus familiaris Capra hircus Castor canadensis cattle Cavia porcellus Cercocebus atys Chaetura pelagica chicken chimney swift chimpanzee Chinchilla lanigera Chinese alligator Chinese hamster Chlorocebus sabaeus Chrysemys picta collared flycatcher Columba livia common starling Condylura cristata Corvus brachyrhynchos Coturnix japonica crab-eating macaque crested ibis Cricetulus griseus Crocodylus porosus ...
Field Investigation, Clinical and Laboratory Findings of Camel Mastitis
Mastitis in the camel (Camelus dromedarius) has been investigated by field survey, clinical examination and laboratory findings. Field investigation has been reflected on problems pertaining to management. Emphasis has been laid on occurrence, predisposing factors and treatment of mastitis in the camel. Clinical findings were mainly based on udder palpation which revealed the presence of acute, sub acute and chronic forms of mastitis in the camel. The laboratory findings were conducted by rapid mastitis test (RMT), leukocyte counts, milk ring test (MRT) and culturing on various culture media. A total of 763 composite milk samples were aseptically collected from milking she-camels in the Eastern Region of the Sudan. The results were analysed to show that the RMT is a suitable tool for detection of mastitis in the she-camels. The leukocyte counts were equally valuable for detection of mastitis in the camel. Streptococcus agalactiae, Staphylococcus aureus, Staph. albus, Streptococcus spp., ...
Molecular detection of novel Anaplasmataceae closely related to Anaplasma platys and Ehrlichia canis in the dromedary camel ...
Serological surveys have confirmed Anaplasma marginale and Anaplasma phagocytophilum infections in dromedary camels, but molecular surveys and genetic characterisation of camel-associated Anaplasma species are lacking. In this study, we detected tick-borne Anaplasmataceae in 30 of 100 (30%) healthy dromedary camels screened using a combined 16S rRNA-groEL PCR-sequencing approach. Nucleotide sequencing confirmed Anaplasmataceae genome presence in 28 of the 33 16S rRNA PCR-positive samples, with two additional positive samples, for which 16S rRNA sequence data were ambiguous, being identified by groEL gene characterisation. Phylogenetic analyses of a 1289 nt segment of the 16S rRNA gene confirmed the presence of a unique Ehrlichia lineage and a discrete Anaplasma lineage, comprising three variants, occurring at an overall prevalence of 4% and 26%, respectively. Genetic characterisation of an aligned 559 nt groEL gene region revealed the camel-associated Anaplasma and Ehrlichia lineages to be novel ...
PAGE4 | CTD
9506 Homo sapiens , 505725 Bos taurus , 693847 Macaca mulatta , 739513 Pan troglodytes , 100388545 Callithrix jacchus , 100437510 Pongo abelii , 100580462 Nomascus leucogenys , 100975577 Pan paniscus , 101021264 Papio anubis , 101037015 Saimiri boliviensis , 101103624 Ovis aries , 101134244 Gorilla gorilla , 101692047 Mustela putorius furo , 102127627 Macaca fascicularis , 102187928 Capra hircus , 102339439 Pantholops hodgsonii , 102389998 Bubalus bubalis , 102435248 Myotis lucifugus , 102530263 Vicugna pacos , 102737911 Leptonychotes weddellii , 102984673 Physeter catodon , 102997524 Balaenoptera acutorostrata scammoni , 103090369 Lipotes vexillifer , 103113911 Erinaceus europaeus , 103231977 Chlorocebus sabaeus , 103275169 Carlito syrichta , 103583109 Galeopterus variegatus , 104665954 Rhinopithecus roxellana , 104998587 Bison bison bison , 105103237 Camelus dromedarius , 105493940 Macaca nemestrina , 105514979 Colobus angolensis palliatus , 105547689 Mandrillus leucophaeus , 105579416 ...
Welcome to CDC stacks | MERS-CoV in Upper Respiratory Tract and Lungs of Dromedary Camels, Saudi Arabia, 2013-2014 - 31837 |...
To assess the temporal dynamics of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection in dromedary camels, specimens were collected at 1-2 month intervals from 2 independent groups of animals during April 2013-May 2014 in Al-Ahsa Province, Saudi Arabia, and tested for MERS-CoV RNA by reverse transcription PCR. Of 96 live camels, 28 (29.2%) nasal swab samples were positive; of 91 camel carcasses, 56 (61.5%) lung tissue samples were positive. Positive samples were more commonly found among young animals ...
7 unexpected nutritional blessings Of Camel Milk - T MORE FOR HORSE AND CAMEL SUPPLIES
Camel milk has been the primary type of milk fed on via many Bedouin cultures for generations.  even though it isnt always in nearly as lots deliver as cow milk, it has some of clear advantages over the latter, such as extra powerful vitamins and higher chemical compounds. Camel milk is a more environment-friendly way of obtaining milk, as camels do not need the huge quantity of grazing regions like goats and cows, thereby leaving the arena a piece greener and with less methane gas.. For generations, it has often been used only for subsistence in those cultures, but given the simple fitness advantages of this milk compared to extra traditional types of milk, there has been a first-rate increase in camel milk farming. but, its miles extremely steeply-priced to reap camel milk, about fifty times costlier than cow milk, which makes it drastically high priced.. it could be difficult to find a dependable deliver of camel milk in your area, however at a few distinctiveness food markets, you are ...
Bactrian camels in Nubra Valley. Subspecies. There is some evidence that the Bactrian camel can be divided up into different subspecies. In particular, it has been discovered that a population of wild Bactrian camel lives within a part of the Gashun Gobi region of the Gobi Desert. This population is distinct from domesticated herds both in genetic makeup and in behavior.. There are possibly as many as three regions in the genetic makeup that are distinctly different from domesticated camels and there is up to a 3% difference in the base genetic code. However, with so few wild camels, it is unclear what the natural genetic diversity within a population would have been.. Another difference is the ability of these wild camels to drink saltwater slush, although it is not yet certain the camel can extract useful water from it. Domesticated camels do not attempt to drink salt water, though the reason is unknown.. Conservation. The Bactrian camel ...
MERS study: Direct exposure to dromedary camels, diabetes mellitus are risk factors for MERS-CoV illness - Outbreak News Today
According to the abstract, Saudi Arabia and United States researchers write:. Risk factors for primary Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) illness in humans are incompletely understood. We identified all primary MERS-CoV cases reported in Saudi Arabia during March-November 2014 by excluding those with history of exposure to other cases of MERS-CoV or acute respiratory illness of unknown cause or exposure to healthcare settings within 14 days before illness onset.. Using a case-control design, we assessed differences in underlying medical conditions and environmental exposures among primary case-patients and 2-4 controls matched by age, sex, and neighborhood. Using multivariable analysis, we found that direct exposure to dromedary camels during the 2 weeks before illness onset, as well as diabetes mellitus, heart disease, and smoking, were each independently associated with MERS-CoV illness. Further investigation is needed to better understand animal-to-human transmission of ...
Level of hemoglobin among cow milk and camel milk consuming young children: A comparative study
Background Cow milk is an important source of macro-and micronutrients. However, it has low iron content but high content of casein and calcium thus could negatively influence hemoglobin synthesis. On the other hand, camel milk contains higher iron concentration than cow milk. In addition, the majority of iron in camel milk is associated with the lower molecular fraction of casein suggesting better bioavailability. Furthermore, vitamin C concentration, a useful iron absorption enhancer, is more than three-fold greater in camel milk than cow milk. This study compared hemoglobin concentration among young children consuming consistently cow milk or camel milk. Methods Hemoglobin concentration of young children (aged 6-59 mo) from settled pastoralist communities of the Somali region, Ethiopia, consistently consuming cow milk (n = 166) or camel milk (n = 166) was determined. In addition, socio-demographic and water, sanitation, and hygienic (WASH) conditions of study participants households were captured.
Cytopathic genotype 2 bovine viral diarrhea virus in dromedary camels | Ausama Yousif
Yousif, A. A., L. J. Braun, M. S. Saber, T. Aboelleil, and C. C. L. Chase, Cytopathic genotype 2 bovine viral diarrhea virus in dromedary camels, Arab J. Biotech, vol. Vol. 7, issue 1, pp. 123-140, 2003 ...
Camels milk has been found to hold superfood benefits, outshining other forms of milk - NaturalNews.com
Natural News) Youve probably tried organic cows milk before, or maybe even goat milk, but have you ever tried camel milk? Before you discount this unusual dairy source, you should know that certain cultures have been drinking camel milk for thousands of years. Whats more is that this emerging superfood may actually contain more nutritional value than other forms of milk. Potentially one of the most superior types of milk, camel milk can provide a number of surprising health benefits.. Camel milk is fundamentally different from cows milk in many aspects. For one thing, it contains higher levels of protein, vitamins, minerals, and unsaturated fatty acids than cows milk. However, it also contains lower amounts of cholesterol and lactose, making it easier to digest for those who are lactose-intolerant. In fact, it may even be able to help reduce the symptoms of lactose intolerance. Its whey proteins and caseins also have a different composition than that of regular cows milk. This might ...
6 amazing health benefits of camel milk | Health
NaturalHealth365) Believe it or not, camel milk has been used for over 5,000 years to help fight off germs, fight diabetes, support gut health, and provide the body with important enzymes. This milk was readily available in Middle Eastern countries even when water was lacking, and is still being used for its therapeutic benefits today.. Camel milk has been deemed to hold superfood benefits, and research has shown that this milk contains more nutritional value than other forms of milk On top of the many surprising health benefits, camel milk is also rich in unsaturated fatty acids, and is high in vitamins and minerals. The great news is that those with lactose intolerance will likely be able to enjoy this milk without the symptoms associated with drinking homogenized cows milk. In fact, this milk has actually be shown to reduce lactose intolerance.. Camel milk naturally reduces anxiety and improves digestion. Whether you are looking for a way to boost gut health, reduce anxiety, or support your ...
Camel Milk Cooperative Unveils First USA Produced Freeze Dried Camel Milk Powder - PR.com
Camel Milk Cooperative, LLC, a Ridgefield Connecticut based Camel Milk company has announced its latest new product offering: Freeze Dried Camel Milk Powder.
openarchives.gr | Infection and pathological lesions of lymph nodes induced by Linguatula serrata nymphs in one-humped camels...
Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society. Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society.Journal part.Scientific article.2018 . Creators: KARGOZARI, A., TAVASSOLI, M., HOBBENAGHI, R., REZAEIA, H..ΔΕΝ ΥΠΑΡΧΕΙ ΠΕΡΙΛΗΨΗ. Linguatula serrata (Pentastomida: Linguatulidae) known tong-worm is a cosmopolitan, zoonotic, and obligate endoparasite. The parasite lives in the nasopharyngeal region of the final hosts, which primarily include dogs and other carnivores. Various herbivores, including, camels serve as the best intermediate hosts for nymph stages. In present study the mesenteric lymph nodes of 101camels were examined for infection to L. serrata macroscopically and histopathologically. The infected and normal lymph nodes were processed for histopathology. The results indicated that out of 101 sampled 33 (32.67%) were infected. Macroscopic examination revealed that the infected lymph nodes are swollen and dark, with rubbery consistency, some with subcapsular hemorrhage on cutting. Extensive
Camel Milk Inhibits Growth of Colon Cancer and other Health Potentials - DromaCity, passionnément dromadaire et désert !
The camel has been serving millions of people living in the arid, semi arid and desert areas, i.e. provides food, fiber, transportation and social status to the herders. A few attempts have been done in health, nutrition, physiology and reproduction, camel productivity per se is still relatively untouched. A lesser and even neglected amount of milk is published in the gray records of the country. The camel milk has never been appreciated, valued and estimated properly (Raziq et al, 2008). In recent time, though some importance is given to camel and the milk yield is now tabulated as separate entity, not included in others and small ruminant. (Economic Survey 2009-10). Camel milk production is stable in almost all seasons, which is very important for the pastoralist, when the milk of other animals is seized in the dry period. Camel intake per kg of milk produced is very less, making it an efficient biological model. It is very appropriate specie on marginal and poor grazing lands. This review of ...
Properties and Benefits of Camel Milk - NatureWord
14) Investigated for its therapeutic potential in Crohns disease and food allergies treatment.. Where can you get camel milk in the US?. You can buy camel milk in the USA from camel dairy farms. Although few, these exist and supply the milk to consumers, either directly or via retailers. It may be a good idea to first take a look at the dairy or health food section in your local supermarket or check out health food stores in your area. You can always talk to a manager or write to your local supermarket and ask if they could bring in food products by customer request. If they do, it may be a good idea to inquire about a time-frame as well, if they can provide you with one. Lastly, contact a few camel dairy farms and see if they supply the milk directly to consumers.. Its important to know that this particular product cannot be outsourced and must be obtained from camel farms within the US. Chances are, there wont be a camel dairy farm near you, but a quick search online will tell you which is ...
Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from camel meat and slaughterhouse workers in Egypt | Antimicrobial...
The emergence of vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) represents a challenge for the treatment of staphylococcal infections in both human and animals worldwide. Although VRSA has been detected in several animal species worldwide, data on the bacterial prevalence in dromedary camels and workers in camel slaughterhouses are scarce. We investigated meat samples from 200 dromedary camel carcasses from three different abattoirs that were being prepared to be sent to the markets. Twenty hand swabs were voluntarily collected from the workers in the same abattoirs. Isolation and identification of the bacterial specimens from the samples were performed using conventional cultural techniques and biochemical identification and were confirmed by PCR amplification of the nuc gene. Antimicrobial susceptibility against nine antimicrobial agents commonly used in human and camels was tested using the disc diffusion method, and genetic analysis was performed by evaluating the mecA gene in phenotypically
Equine Influenza A(H3N8) Virus Isolated from Bactrian Camel, Mongolia - Volume 20, Number 12-December 2014 - Emerging...
Because little is known about the ecology of influenza viruses in camels, 460 nasal swab specimens were collected from healthy (no overt illness) Bactrian camels in Mongolia during 2012. One specimen was positive for influenza A virus (A/camel/Mongolia/335/2012[H3N8]), which is phylogenetically related to equine influenza A(H3N8) viruses and probably represents natural horse-to-camel transmission.
Figure 5 - Novel Betacoronavirus in Dromedaries of the Middle East, 2013 - Volume 20, Number 4-April 2014 - Emerging Infectious...
In 2013, a novel betacoronavirus was identified in fecal samples from dromedaries in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Antibodies against the recombinant nucleocapsid protein of the virus, which we named dromedary camel coronavirus (DcCoV) UAE-HKU23, were detected in 52% of 59 dromedary serum samples tested. In an analysis of 3 complete DcCoV UAE-HKU23 genomes, we identified the virus as a betacoronavirus in lineage A1. The DcCoV UAE-HKU23 genome has G+C contents; a general preference for G/C in the third position of codons; a cleavage site for spike protein; and a membrane protein of similar length to that of other betacoronavirus A1 members, to which DcCoV UAE-HKU23 is phylogenetically closely related. Along with this coronavirus, viruses of at least 8 other families have been found to infect camels. Because camels have a close association with humans, continuous surveillance should be conducted to understand the potential for virus emergence in camels and for virus transmission to humans.
Detailed Nutritional Composition of Bactrian Camels Milk - SUSTAINABLE FARMING FOR FOOD AND HEALTH
The camels milk magical performance is because of its Bio-composition. The unique milk is enriched essential fatty acids, specialized protein, rich with micro minerals etc. The Xinjiang Chinese camel company has published the details of the composition; given in the picture. For more details of the unique potential of camel products, Children diagnosed with autism spectrum…
Survey of the camel urinary proteome by shotgun proteomics using a multiple database search strategy<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Survey of the camel urinary proteome by shotgun proteomics using a multiple database search strategy. AU - Alhaider, Abdulqader A.. AU - Bayoumi, Nervana. AU - Argo, Evelyn. AU - Gader, Abdel G. M. A.. AU - Stead, David A.. PY - 2012/11. Y1 - 2012/11. N2 - We report the first survey of the dromedary camel urinary proteome. Proteins retained from ultrafiltration of urine were analysed by GeLC-MS/MS (SDS-PAGE followed by LC-MS/MS). In the absence of a complete camel genome sequence, the number of protein identifications was maximised by searching three primary sequence databases: Swiss-Prot, alpaca and camel EST. This search strategy enabled the identification of 1274 peptide sequences, of which 735 were found in at least two independent samples. Functional annotations for proteins identified from alpaca and camel EST sequences were mapped from basic local alignment search tool (protein) searches. These 735 peptides, which included many novel sequences found only in the camel EST ...
UAE science could save rare Chinese camel from extinctionUAE - The Official Web Site - News
UAE Interact - News and Information from the UAE - 06 July 2011 - UAE science could save rare Chinese camel from extinction - Beijing - A breeding technique pioneered in the UAE to improve the speed of racing camels could help save the shaggy two-humped wild Bactrian camel, one of the worlds most endangered species. The wild camel was recognised as a separate species from the domesticated Bactrian camel only in 2008, an
Buy Camel Milk | Desert Farms
Q. Is camel milk expensive?. It isnt when you really think about it.. You see, with cow milk, if it wasnt for heavy lobbying, subsidies and hormones…. A gallon of milk should technically be $9.82 adjusted for inflation.. But cow milk is cheap because its essentially dead milk. All the fat, nutrients and goodness has been stripped away or boiled out.. PLUS - Heres something else you need to know about camels milk:. You dont chug it like cow milk.. In fact, we recommend you drink only 2 to 4 ounce a day. This is potent stuff!. Remember, camel milk has more protein, more fat, more B1 vitamins and more colostrum-like qualities than any other milk out there.. Q. What is batch pasteurization?. Instead of boiling the milk intensely at 280ºF and chilling it rapidly like what Big Dairy does… (which is called flash pasteurization)….. We heat the milk in small batches at the lowest possible temperature (154.4ºF) instead.. This way, we still kill the bad bacteria… but it retains all ...
Camel milk ameliorates steatohepatitis, insulin resistance and lipid peroxidation in experimental non-alcoholic fatty liver...
Camel milk (CM) is gaining increasing recognition due to its beneficial effects in the control and prevention of multiple health problems. The current study aimed to investigate the effects of CM on the hepatic biochemical and cellular alterations induced by a high-fat, cholesterol-rich diet (HCD), specifically, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Seventy male Wistar rats were divided into four groups: the Control (C) Group fed a standard diet; the Control + camel milk (CCM) Group fed a standard diet and CM, the Cholesterol (Ch) Group fed a HCD with no CM, and the Cholesterol + camel milk (ChM) Group fed a HCD and CM. The following parameters were investigated in the studied groups; basal, weekly random and final fasting blood glucose levels, intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test (GTT) and insulin tolerance test (ITT), serum insulin, serum lipids, liver functions, lipid peroxidation products, the antioxidant activity of catalase (CAT) and the levels of reduced glutathione (GSH). In addition,
svn commit: r972075 - in /websites/production/camel/content: cache/main.pageCache camel-2170-release.html
Author: buildbot Date: Wed Nov 11 09:20:05 2015 New Revision: 972075 Log: Production update by buildbot for camel Modified: websites/production/camel/content/cache/main.pageCache websites/production/camel/content/camel-2170-release.html Modified: websites/production/camel/content/cache/main.pageCache ============================================================================== Binary files - no diff available. Modified: websites/production/camel/content/camel-2170-release.html ============================================================================== --- websites/production/camel/content/camel-2170-release.html (original) +++ websites/production/camel/content/camel-2170-release.html Wed Nov 11 09:20:05 2015 @@ -85,7 +85,7 @@ ,tbody, ,tr, ,td valign=top width=100%, -,div class=wiki-content maincontent,,h1 id=Camel2.17.0Release-Camel2.17.0release(currentlyinprogress),Camel 2.17.0 release (currently in progress),/h1,,div style=padding-right:20px;float:left;margin-left:-20px;,,p,,span ...
Dani Camel V Front Jumpsuit Camel Tie waist 36375 - Dani Camel CNNMDXG
Buy Dani Camel V Front Jumpsuit Camel Tie waist 36375 - Dani Camel CNNMDXG. Womens Bottoms - Dani Camel V Front Jumpsuit Camel Tie waist 36375 - Dani Camel CNNMDXG. Loungewear is KILLIN it this season, so make sure Dani Camel V Front Jumpsuit is in your
Bactrian camels (Camelus bactrianus) has physio-biochemical adaptation to high altitude | Research Square
The high altitude region of India is characterized by harsh climatic conditions that may have an adverse impact on growth and metabolic functions of camels. Thus, the main aim of this study was to evaluate different adaptation parameters related to morphological, physio-biochemical and haemato...
Best Camel Clothing in 2020? - GreenBean Coffee Imports
Camel wool is something derived from hairs of Bactrian camels, and it is one of the most expensive wool types you can find at market places. It was most popular in the 17th century, but once again, this product is catching consumers eyes, so everyone wants to know more about it. If you too are looking for best Camel wool clothing products, then you have come at right place.. When we talk about fashion trends or whats new in fashion, we see new directions every year. Maybe its a denim outfit or a bomber jacket. Trends always come and go, but some things never go out of fashion, from plain white shirts to simple blue jeans, or maybe a three-piece suit; these things always remain in style. You can wear it any day, at any time, and add up to your personality.. All Camel products fall under this category, as a dull camel wool coat with denim can put five stars to your personality. I have seen women wearing it with sarees and still rocking the stage. A camel coat just one of those things which ...
Camelus bactrianus Linnaeus 1758 - Encyclopedia of Life
Camelus bactrianus is a species of mammals in the family camels. They are native to the Palearctic. They are diurnal herbivores. Individuals are known to live for 480 months. Reproduction is viviparous and dioecious. They have parental care (female provides care). They rely on running to move around.. ...
Decoding the genome of the camel - Sécheresse
Decoding the genome of the camel ScienceDaily (May 28, 2013) By sequencing the genome of a Bactrian camel, researchers have made a significant contribution to population genetic research on camels. The study has laid the foundation for future scientific work on these enigmatic desert animals. A blood sample from a single Bactrian camel with the evocative name of Mozart provided the genetic raw material for the work.. Story Source. The above story is based on materials provided by Veterinärmedizinische Universität Wien.. Pour en savoir plus (ScienceDaily) ...
Mers Coronavirus in Dromedary Herd in South Morocco | International Journal of Medical Science and Clinical invention
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a zoonotic viral disease that can be transmitted from dromedaries to human beings. Up to December 2016, a total of 1841 cases of laboratory-confirmed MERS-CoV infection were reported to the World Health Organization, with an overall case fatality rate of 35% . The current status of knowledge around MERS-CoV in dromedaries in Morocco still unknow. This article is a prospective study in dromedary herd during one year 2016 in the south of morocco. Faecal samples and nasal swabs of camels were analyzed for identification of viral sequences using specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods.. ...
The Role of Camel Milk in Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes: A Review
Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common metabolic diseases worldwide. In patients with type 2 diabetes, insulin sensitivity and glucose homeostasis are impaired and leading to hyperglycemia. Several studies have reported that camel milk with various mechanisms can improve hyperglycemia and its subsequent complications in type 2 diabeticpatients. The present study uses the information in Google Scholar and PubMed databases from 2002 to 2016 to review the role of camel milk in treatment of type 2 diabetes. The key words
Camel Milk Products Market Size | Industry Report, 2020-2027
The global camel milk products market size was valued at USD 10.2 billion in 2019. Increasing popularity of camel milk due to its easy-to-digest property among lactose intolerant consumers is expected to have a positive impact on the industry
Evaluation of antigen and antibody rapid detection tests for Trypanosoma evansi infection in camels in Kenya.
The card agglutination test for Trypanosoma evansi (CATT/T. evansi) for the detection of antibodies, and Suratex for the detection of circulating antigens were compared in a cross-sectional study involving camels in eastern and central parts of Kenya. Of the 2227 camels screened, 2038 were owned by nomadic pastoralists in T. evansi endemic areas in eastern Kenya. A herd of 86 camels were from a ranch in Mugwoni. In Athi River area, 35 camels belonged to Kenya Trypanosomiasis Research Institute, and 68 were slaughter animals. Diagnostic sensitivity estimates were obtained by testing sera from 51 camels that had been found to be parasitologically positive by the haematocrit centrifugation technique, buffy-coat technique and mouse inoculation. Diagnostic specificity was estimated by testing sera from 35 camels known to be trypanosome-free. Positive and negative predictive values (NPVs) were calculated using a range of prevalence values. The sensitivity of CATT/T. evansi (68.6%) was higher than that ...
Camels May Overrun Australia Outback - Redorbit
SYDNEY, Australia (AP) -- Parts of Australias Outback could soon be overrun by wild camels if drastic measures are not taken to cull them, a wildlife scientist said Wednesday. Australia is now home to around 500,000 camels roaming the countrys vast tracts of desert, said Glenn Edwards, a senior scientist for the Northern Territory provincial government. Camels were first introduced to Australia in the mid-1800s to transport goods across the desert. When trucks and trains made the beasts of burden unneeded, their owners simply turned them loose. With no natural predators and ample grazing land, the camel population has exploded in parts of central, northern and western Australia, and could exceed 1 million in the next decade, Edwards said. The feral camel population is growing by about 10 percent each year and doubling in size every eight years, Edwards said in a statement. These camels feed on more than 80 percent of the available plant species in the area they inhabit and have serious ...
Camels in training - Dudley Zoo and Castle
Lesley, 39, who first worked with camels at the age of 16, said: Charlie and Jimandi are very big animals, and we need to be able to control them properly.. They are just two years old and I am training them to respond to hand signals, and rewarding them with a high five and their favourite treat of carrots. When they have learned basic commands, we will introduce them to wearing head collars. Bactrian camels (Camelus bactrianus) are large, even-toed ungulates native to the Gobi and Taklamakan deserts of Mongolia and Xinjiang with two fat-storing humps ...
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Understanding Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) transmission in dromedary camels is important, as they consitute a source of zoonotic infection to humans. To identify risk factors for MERS-CoV infection in camels bred in diverse conditions in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia and Morocco, blood samples and nasal swabs were sampled in February-March 2015. A relatively high MERS-CoV RNA rate was detected in Ethiopia (up to 15.7%; 95% confidence interval (CI): 8.2-28.0), followed by Burkina Faso (up to 12.2%; 95% CI: 7-20.4) and Morocco (up to 7.6%; 95% CI: 1.9-26.1). The RNA detection rate was higher in camels bred for milk or meat than in camels for transport (p = 0.01) as well as in younger camels (p = 0.06). High seropositivity rates (up to 100%; 95% CI: 100-100 and 99.4%; 95% CI: 95.4-99.9) were found in Morocco and Ethiopia, followed by Burkina Faso (up to 84.6%; 95% CI: 77.2-89.9). Seropositivity rates were higher in large/medium herds (≥51 camels) than small herds (p = 0.061), in
Camel Fossils - Crystalinks
Archaeologists have discovered the 100,000-year-old fossilized remains of a previously unknown giant camel species in Syria.The bones of the dromedary were unearthed by a Swiss-Syrian team of researchers near the village of El Kowm in the central part of the country. The animal is thought to have been double the size of a modern-day camel.It may even have been killed by humans, who were living at the once water-rich site during the same period. Jean-Marie Le Tensorer of the University of Basel commented: It was not known that the dromedary was present in the Middle East more than 10,000 years ago.The camels shoulders stood three metres high and it was around four metres tall; as big as a giraffe or an elephant. Nobody knew that such a species had existed, he said. Professor Le Tensorer, who has been excavating at the desert site in Kowm since 1999, said the first large bones were found some years ago but were only confirmed as belonging to a camel after more bones from several parts of the ...
Vetmeduni Vienna : Complete camel skeleton unearthed in Austria
01-04-2015: Archaeologists working on a rescue excavation uncovered a complete camel skeleton in Tulln, Lower Austria. The camel, which was dated to the time of the Second Ottoman War in the 17th century, most likely died in the city of Tulln. Genetic analyses showed that the animal was a male hybrid of a dromedary in the maternal line and a Bactrian camel in the paternal line. The find is unique for Central Europe. Archaeozoologists and geneticists from the Vetmeduni Vienna now published their findings in the journal PLOS ONE. In 2006 construction began on a new shopping centre in Tulln. The works unearthed various archaeologically valuable objects that were salvaged during rescue excavations.Among these objects was also the complete skeleton of a large mammal. ...
Asexual reproduction - the cloning business: cloned camel
To Injaz, a female dromedary camel, one female calf (as yet unnamed), weight 38 kilograms, born on November 2nd, 2015. After recent reports about the drawbacks and disadvantages of cloning, especially the unnecessary health risks; comes a happier story of the first cloned camel to produce a normally conceived calf. Injaz, the mother, was cloned in 2009 by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). She was created from an animal slaughtered for meat. The most difficult part of the SCNT was to electrically fuse the parts of the newly created egg cell, and provide a mixture of chemicals to act as a catalyst to initiate the normal cellular reproduction processes. This was duly achieved and the viable egg cell was then introduced into Injaz. The skilled procedures were performed at the Reproductive Biotechnology Centre in Nad Al Sheba, Dubai by a team led by Dr Nisar Wani, scientific director of the centre. The work was performed under the patronage of Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed Al Maktoum, Crown Prince ...
Camel hair, wool and hides. Camels in hot climates generally do not develop long coats. Camel hair is light, and has low ... Baggage and draught camels. The baggage camel should be robust and heavy. Studies have recommended the camel should have ... "Camel". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 31 January 2016.. *^ "Camel". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. ... The camels of the Bejas of Sudan and the Anafi camel bred in Sudan are common breeds used as riding camels. ...
Professional wrestling holds
Leg-trap camel clutch. The attacking wrestler stands over a face down opponent, facing the same direction. The wrestler ... Stepover armlock camel clutch. The attacking wrestler stands over a face down opponent, facing the same direction. The ... A standing variation of the camel clutch is also used, with this variation popularized by Scott Steiner in the late 1990s as he ... The wrestler then reaches forwards and applies a chinlock as in a standard camel clutch, leaning backwards to apply pressure to ...
Fossil evidence suggests that in North America they may sometimes have hunted the early camel Poebrotherium, severing the body ... The remains of these camels have been found together, implying Archaeotherium brought its kills to caches for later consumption ... in male camels, similar wounds result when one animal gets a rival's head between its jaws and bites down with the canines. The ... "Camels". The Fossils of the White River Badlands. Retrieved 2019-05-18. "Abstract of Papers. Fifty-ninth Annual Meeting Society ...
"Camels - Old World Camels". Science Encyclopedia. Net Industries. Retrieved 29 November 2012. Bronx Zoo. "Camel Adaptations". ... To keep sand out of their ears, mammals such as the camel and the sand cat have long hairs protruding from them. The camel and ... Camels can further conserve water by closing an orifice in their stomach to create two compartments: one for water and one for ... For example, the camel can survive ambient temperatures as high as 49 °C (120 °F) without sweating, and the kangaroo rat lacks ...
Camels. Archived from the original on October 27, 2009. Retrieved 2006-03-06. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint ...
Grammarians of Basra
Camels; The Disposition of Man Abu Sawwar al-Ghanawi, (fl. C9th) authority for Arabic words Bernards, Monique (2011-01-01). " ...
Because one-humped camels are now known to have evolved from two-humped camels, it would follow that Camelops, if it had humps ... Both the camel and horse families originated in the Americas and migrated into Eurasia via the Bering Strait. Modern camels are ... Its name is derived from the Ancient Greek κάμελος (cámelos, "camel") and ὄψ (óps, "face"), i.e. "camel-face". The genus ... "Evolutionary History , Camels". blogs.lt.vt.edu. Retrieved 2018-05-29. "Extinct Western Camel Fact Sheet, 2009". Library. ...
Lull, Richard Swann (1920). "Camels". Organic evolution. Macmillan. pp. 634, 639. Frick, Childs (1921). Extinct vertebrate ...
A Generic Review of the Stenomyline Camels. American Museum Novitates 2353: 1-51 Stenomylus image and description from the USGS ... Kindersley, Dorling (2008-06-02). "Camels". Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Life. Penguin. pp. 266-7. ISBN ... and not of fleshy pads like those of today's camels. The neck of Stenomylus was greatly elongated, making it vaguely similar to ...
Terrell County, Texas
William Echols in 1859, caravans of the U.S. Camel Corps crossed the county searching for a shorter route to Fort Davis. In ... Faulk, Odie B; Emmett, Chris (2010-06-12). "Camels". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 14 ...
"Publish Your Own Books With 'OurBoox', The 'YouTube' Of Literature". No Camels. February 21, 2015. "Times Educational ...
The highest peak of Mount Macedon is Camel's Hump, or Camels Hump, one of three mamelons in the area, the rocky outcrop of a ... Camel's Hump, together with Hanging Rock and Croziers Rocks are igneous trachyte rocks of the crag and are ... "Camels Hump". Macedon and Mt Macedon Region. Macedon and Mt Macedon Business and Tourism Association Inc. 2014. Retrieved 22 ...
Camels' Organized". Ironwood Daily Globe. 1920-06-14. "Invade Broadway". Des Moines Daily News. 1920-06-17. "Hank Casserly Says ... "Order of Camels" referred to him as "the famous daddy of the forward pass." St. Louis Post Dispatch sports columnist Ed Wray ...
List of mountains in Hill County, Montana
3,881 feet (1,183 m) Camels Back, 48°13′44″N 109°46′50″W / 48.22889°N 109.78056°W / 48.22889; -109.78056 (Camels Back), el ... "Camels Back". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. "Cement Hill". Geographic Names Information ...
Maya Yarowsky (May 3, 2015). "With Strong Tech Ties, Is Israel China's New Best Friend?". No Camels. Retrieved 21 May 2015. " ...
List of Under Armour sponsorships
"Go Camels". https://gocolgateraiders.com/news/2019/8/15/colgate-joins-under-armour-family.aspx. Missing or empty ,title= (help ... I FBS Conferences Conference USA Mid-American Conference NCAA Division I FCS Austin Peay Governors Campbell Fighting Camels ...
Culture of Israel
David Shamah (4 February 2015). "Bloomberg: Israel Is World's 5th Most Innovative Country, Ahead Of US, UK". No Camels. ...
No Camels. Retrieved July 16, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Lopez, Napier (November 10, 2014). "7 startups to ...
Sport in Israel
"Israel is Sending its Biggest Delegation to the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo". No Camels. Retrieved 17 December 2019. "Israeli ...
Coming of Age (Camel album)
Camel. *Andrew Latimer - guitar, flute, keyboards, penny whistle, vocals. *Colin Bass - bass, vocals, keyboards, 12-string ... "Camel - Coming Of Age (2xCD, Album, RE) at Discogs". www.discogs.com. Retrieved 28 August 2009.. ... Coming of Age is a live album by progressive rock band Camel released 1998. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Coming_of_Age_(Camel_album)&oldid=837594107" ...
"Bio". Emir & Frozen Camels. Retrieved 20 March 2011. "Classic Rock Cares". The John Entwistle Foundation. Archived from the ... During AC/DC's hiatus in the 2000s, Williams joined Bosnian musician Emir Bukovica's band Emir & Frozen Camels. The group ...
Jim Perry Stadium
It is home to the Campbell Fighting Camels baseball team. Previously known as Taylor Field, the venue dates back to the 1940s ... Campbell Fighting Camels (November 14, 2012). "Campbell announces plans for New Stadium". College Baseball Daily. Retrieved ... List of NCAA Division I baseball venues 2013 Baseball Media Guide (PDF). Campbell Fighting Camels. p. 1. Retrieved August 3, ...
Book of Enoch
Camels are Nephilim; Asses are Elioud; Sheep are the faithful; Rams are leaders; Herds are the tribes of Israel; Wild Asses are ...
Paleontology in the United States
During the Eocene the western states were home to small primitive camels and horses. Over time both groups got larger and lost ... The western states were home to primitive camels and horses as well as the carnivorous creodonts. Soon mammals had entered the ... Thompson (1982); "Camels:", page 80. Thompson (1982); "First Horses:", page 79. Murray (1974); "Alabama", page 86. Murray (1974 ...
... where she played for the Lady Camels from 2010 to 2012. She made 37 appearances for the Lady Camels, and was included in the ... Ryann Torrero at Soccerway "Ryann Torrero". Campbell Lady Camels. Archived from the original on 27 December 2019. Retrieved 27 ... "2019 Campbell Women's Soccer Media Guide" (PDF). Campbell Lady Camels. 4 September 2019. Retrieved 27 December 2019. "La Roja ...
This is very similar to the camel cavalry used often by the Ottoman Empire. It is noted that camel cavalry was more commonplace ... They were also successful against enemy horses, as horses are typically afraid of camels' scents. Camels were seen as exotic ... Dromedarii were camel-riding auxiliary forces recruited in the desert provinces of the Late Roman Empire in Syria. They were ... "Bactrian & Dromedary Camels". Factsheets. San Diego Zoo Global Library. March 2009. Archived from the original on 2012-09-22. ...
On the way, they do not drink until sunset, when each person receives a ration of one pint of water mixed with camel's milk. On ... One of the Rashid falls from his camel, breaking his leg; the party is split, leaving Thesiger with only two Rashid. They take ... Thesiger calculates they can carry water for 20 days, that being the limit the camels can go without water, at a quart per ... While in Darfur he journeyed with local people by camel and visited the Tibesti mountains in the Sahara. In the Second World ...
Islam in Australia
The first camel drivers arrived in Melbourne, Victoria, in June 1860, when eight Muslims and Hindus arrived with the camels for ... Camels were first imported into Australia in 1840, initially for exploring the arid interior (see Australian camel), and later ... The next arrival of camel drivers was in 1866 when 31 men from Rajasthan and Baluchistan arrived in South Australia with camels ... Among the early Muslims were the "Afghan" camel drivers who migrated to and settled in Australia during the mid to late 19th ...
Webdesign, Three Camels. "The Queen's Room". Saint Nicolas' Place, Kings Norton. Retrieved 25 August 2017.  "Birmingham ...
2000 in Afghanistan
Camels were dying. Since February, the WFP had been feeding 30,000 families in the region and planned on adding another 10,000 ...
Answers about Camels
Camels are common desert animals that were once used, and still often used, to cross deserts with. Because they can go weeks ... Camels do not colic the way horses do.. A camel seems to have a mind that is more complicated and interesting than a horses ... A camel has a hump and a horse has a removable hump. Ha ha. Seriously speaking, though, if well treated, a camel is more ... Camels. Camels are common desert animals that were once used, and still often used, to cross deserts with. Because they can go ...
camels and camel milk
Camel milk is renowned for its health-giving qualities, which includes good bone growth. Some camel herders living an camel ... COMPOSITION OF CAMEL MILK. In the previous section it was shown that camels can produce an adequate amount of milk in drought ... Camel milk fat has a low Reichert value of 16.4 (Dhingra, 1934). The fatty acid composition of camel milk fat was found to be ... Egyptian camels had low casein, 2.6 percent (El-Bahay, 1962). Camel milk casein and their fractions were found to be poor in ...
Camel (cigarette) - Wikipedia
CAMEL cigarettes contain a blend of choice Turkish and American tobaccos to bring you full smoking satisfaction with CAMEL ... The larger gauge of a Camel Wides cigarette makes for the smoothest, flavorful way to enjoy Camels distinctive blend of the ... resulting in the Camel Mud & Monster Series, and the Camel Supercross Series. In 1994 Winston Cup season of NASCAR, Camel ... Camel was a sponsor of the 1986 FIFA World Cup.. Break free adventure. In 2010, R.J. Reynolds planned to sell Camel ...
camel | Infoplease
Australian feral camel - Wikipedia
Camel milk. See also: Camel milk. Australias first commercial-scale camel dairy, Australian Wild Camel Corporation, was ... Camel meat. *The Great Australian Camel Race, an Australian event held in 1988 to recognise the positive impact that camels had ... There are also two popular camel racing events in Central Australia, the Camel Cup in Alice Springs and the Uluru Camel Cup ... Camels Australia at Stuart Well, south of Alice Springs, and Pyndan Camel Tracks in Alice Springs. Camel rides ...
Mother Camels - Wikipedia
The Mother Camels were protecting the foal from the attack of two wolves or jackals - Zeta Draconis (Aldhibah) and Eta Draconis ... The protecting Mother Camels (Arabic العوائذ alʽawaʼid) is an asterism in the constellation of Draco described by ancient ... The asterism was interpreted as a ring of mother camels - Beta Draconis (Rastaban), Gamma Draconis (Eltanin), Nu Draconis (Kuma ... and Xi Draconis (Grumium) - surrounding a foal (the faint star Alruba), with another mother camel, Mu Draconis (Alrakis) ...
Cariboo camels - Wikipedia
The Cariboo camels were a number of camels that arrived in British Columbia, Canada, as pack animals. The Bactrian camels were ... who was probably inspired by the use of dromedary camels by the US Army Camel Corps. These Bactrian camels had worked in ... He would despise camels for the rest of his life. By October, the Colonist reported that a dozen camels had survived their ... By the end of June, the first camel train had left Lillooet for Alexandria and the papers reported the one camel was killed ...
Camels May Overrun Australia Outback - Redorbit
"Camels used to be out of sight, out of mind, living in the more remote desert areas," he said. "Now they are moving out into ... "The feral camel population is growing by about 10 percent each year and doubling in size every eight years," Edwards said in a ... "These camels feed on more than 80 percent of the available plant species in the area they inhabit and have serious impacts on ... But for those camels living in remote areas inaccessible by road, Edwards said there may be little option but to shoot them ...
Camels: Facts, Types & Pictures | Live Science
There are two types of camels: dromedary camels, which have one hump, and Bactrian camels, which have two humps. ... Camels are mammals with long legs, a big-lipped snout and a humped back. ... There are two types of camels: dromedary camels, which have one hump, and Bactrian camels, which have two humps. Camels humps ... The dromedary camel, also called an Arabian camel, can be found in North Africa and the Middle East. The Bactrian camel lives ...
camels - Encyclopedia of Life
camels includes 2 children:. * Camelus bactrianus Linnaeus 1758 (Bactrian camel) * Camelus dromedarius Linnaeus 1758 (Dromedary ... Camelus (Camels) is a genus of mammals in the family camels. Reproduction is viviparous and dioecious. They rely on running to ... Creatures » … » Animals » … » Vertebrates » … » Synapsids » … » Cynodonts » Mammals » … » Camels. Creatures » Cellular ... Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of camels. View this species on GBIF ...
Camel Trophy Club - Brazil 1984
Camel Trophy 1984 - Brazil. To mark its fifth anniversary in 1984, Camel Trophy returned to Brazil, to the depths of the ... Camel Trophy Club 2019. All rights reserved. No part of this site can be reproduced or stored by any means without written ... Camel Trophy 1984 became the biggest event run so far with twelve teams participating. ... who are the registered trademark owners of the CAMEL TROPHY trademark.WBI does not endorse this website nor any of the ...
Pseudomonas pseudomallei infection in camels. - PubMed - NCBI
I Heart Camels Pillows - CafePress
Apache Camel Devoxx 2010
http://devoxx.com/display/Devoxx2K10/Apache+Camel,+a+powerful+open+source+i… ... Claus Ibsen presented Apache Camel at the Devoxx 2010 conference held in November. ... Before we get started with Camel let me try to answer probably the most important question you may have about Camel ... ... Claus Ibsen presented Apache Camel at the Devoxx 2010 conference held in November. http://devoxx.com/display/Devoxx2K10/Apache+ ...
Have camel will travel
At one stage they almost ran out of water and her guide took the camels to fill up at a water hole he knew four kilometres from ... Then they want to know why I am not riding the camels I do have. Most of the westerners the locals see in countries like Mali ... On the way he came across some bandits who tried to steal the camels, in the process he lost control of them and didnt find ... Rather carelessly I had tied the lead to one of the camels around my waist. Then I saw a sand viper coming straight towards me ...
New MERS Virus Widespread in Camels | Live Science
... has been circulating in camels for at least two decades, a new study suggests. ... Antibodies were more common in adult camels than young camels: 95 percent of camels older than age 2 had antibodies against the ... In contrast, younger camels were more likely to have active virus (35 percent of young camels had active virus in their nasal ... and that if people get the virus from camels, the most likely source is young camels," study researcher Dr. W. Ian Lipkin of ...
Comprehension: Camels (upper elem/middle) | abcteach
Apache Camel - Wikipédia
Az Apache Camel weboldala. Az Apache Camel szabályalapú útválasztó és mediációs motor, amely az Enterprise Integration Patterns ... Az Apache Camel-t gyakran használják együtt az Apache ServiceMix-szel, Open ESB-vel, Apache ActiveMQ-val és Apache CXF-fel a ... Camel · Cassandra · Cayenne · Chemistry · Click · CloudStack · Cocoon · Continuum · Cordova · CouchDB · cTAKES · CXF · ... A Camel-hez vállalati szintű támogatás elérhető a következő független szállítóktól: *FuseSource Corp. - a FuseSource cég az ...
Microservices journey with Apache Camel | Atlanta
Claus is working full time as Apache Camel committer and is author of the Camel in Action book. He is also heavily involved ... Claus Ibsen works on open source integration projects such as Apache Camel, fabric8, and hawtio. Hes the author of Camel in ... Developing Microservices with Apache Camel: Claus Ibsen. At the end of this talk you will have learned about and seen in ... Integration with Apache Camel as a Microservice: what do you need to make this happen? In reality a lot of infrastructure, from ...
What is a camel-toe? - Answers
Camel toe is a more sexual anatomy reference. It refers to the ability of being able to see the outline of the females vulva ... What is a camel toe?. Camel toe is a more sexual anatomy reference. It refers to the ability of being able to see the outline ... HealthGarden InsectsIdioms, Cliches, and SlangSpidersWomens HealthBullyingAmphibiansCommercialsCamelsLaw & Legal IssuesMusic. ... Camel toe is a more sexual anatomy reference. It refers to the ability of being able to see the outline of the females vulva ...
Photos: Livestock for sale at annual camel fair
Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - Asian tourists take photographs of camel traders as they get a ride on a camel cart ... Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - A camel trader smokes an Indian cigarrette called Bidi at the camel fairgrounds on ... Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - A camel gets its nose pierced at the camel fairgrounds on Tuesday, November 20. ... Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - An owner ties a string of bells to the foot of his camel for sale to entice buyers on ...
There you have it! JAPH, Camel, and a timepiece, and as always TMTOWTDI! --. hiseldl P.S. Only the camel code at the beginning ... JAPH, Camel, and a timepiece.... And also a quine!. This is very cool, your spoiling is a good read as well. ++for a great ... This camel keeps the time! Its a JAPH, a timepiece, and a really nice drawing of our beloved dromedary all rolled into one.. ... UPDATE: This ever so slightly tweaked version lets you see the *cough* camel *cough* as well :-D #!perl -w use strict ...
Link of a ubiquitous human coronavirus to dromedary camels | PNAS
Because camels were not introduced to Africa earlier than 5,000 y ago (30), the acquisition and zoonotic spillover to camels ... HCoV-229E-related coronavirus in dromedary camels. Victor M. Corman, Isabella Eckerle, Ziad A. Memish, Anne M. Liljander, ... HCoV-229E-related coronavirus in dromedary camels. Victor M. Corman, Isabella Eckerle, Ziad A. Memish, Anne M. Liljander, ... Link of a ubiquitous human coronavirus to dromedary camels. View ORCID ProfileVictor M. Corman, Isabella Eckerle, Ziad A. ...
MERS Virus That Threatens Humans Also Found in Camels - MedicineNet
... have found that it is widespread among camels in Saudi Arabia. ... "Adult camels were more likely to have antibodies to the virus ... This indicates that infection in camels typically occurs in early life, and that if people get the virus from camels, the most ... Active MERS virus was also identified in 35 percent of the young camels nasal swabs and 15 percent of adult camels. The ... The study revealed that 74 percent of the camels examined had MERS antibodies. Moreover, more than 80 percent of adult camels ...
Putrid camel urine aids sleeping sickness research
Smelly camel urine could provide the key to finding a treatment for sleeping sickness, a potentially fatal illness that impacts ... Smelly camel urine could provide the key to finding a treatment for sleeping sickness, a potentially fatal illness that impacts ... Putrid camel urine boosts sleeping sickness research Updated / Thursday, 17 Nov 2016 23:43 ... A parasite that causes sleeping sickness is also linked to very smelly camel urine. ...
Desert Dessert: Camel-Milk Chocolate - The Atlantic
... and offered two bottles of camel ayran, the sour yoghurty Turkish beverage, flavored with saffron and strawberry. Camel milk ... where he acquired his devotion to camel milk. Camel milk chocolate, he says, produces a vaguely salty taste, distinct from the ... Loose camels rule the roads, and when cars pass and drive toward the horizon, its not clear where they could possibly be going ... A few years ago, I used to frequent the Birqash market outside Cairo, Egypt, where hundreds of camels caper around on spindly ...
Camel Cigarette Maker Bans Smoking In Offices
India's Camel Doctors - India Real Time - WSJ
... athletic-looking camels are on display for prospective buyers. But for those animals that fall sick during the annual fair, a ... They are handing them out for free to camel owners.. Atish Patel for The Wall Street Journal. Camel herders surround a mobile ... A camel is treated after sustaining a wound caused by a metal nose peg at the Help In Suffering clinic in Pushkar, Rajasthan.. ... Singhla, 33, said as he treated a male camel lying on its side and wailing in pain with a large cut on his lower body. ...
Wadebridge and Camel Estuary Practice
Young camelsMERS-CoVMale camelsCoronavirusHumpShows that camelsContact with camelsCowsMilkAntibodiesHumansArabianBactrian camelModern camels are descendedHumpsCamelus19922018SpeciesAdultCamel'sDromedariesDozen camelsHerdDromedary camelInfectionResearchersNasal swabsWild camelsSick camelsOlder camelsYounger camelsDomestic camelsSwabsAnimalsLlamasDesertCalvesCattleSuggestsClaus IbsenWidespread amongIntegrationRespiratoryFoundMeat1984ArabsThriveHorsesCigarettesComplete camel skeletonViralLivestockSaudiSemi-aridNorth AmericaBelong to the familyEgyptBonesFences30,00020th centuryNatalia RybczynskiScientistsDiet
- Young camels, and especially the humans living in drought areas, are in need of fluid to maintain homeostasis and thermoneutrality. (fao.org)
- Antibodies were more common in adult camels than young camels: 95 percent of camels older than age 2 had antibodies against the virus, compared to 55 percent of camels younger than 2. (livescience.com)
- In contrast, younger camels were more likely to have active virus (35 percent of young camels had active virus in their nasal samples, compared to 15 percent of adult camels). (livescience.com)
- These finding suggest that, for camels, MERS infection "typically occurs in early life, and that if people get the virus from camels, the most likely source is young camels," study researcher Dr. W. Ian Lipkin of Columbia University, New York, said in a statement. (livescience.com)
- A new study revealed MERS is particularly prevalent among young camels and has been around for at least two decades. (medicinenet.com)
- Meanwhile 5 percent of young camels in the southwest also tested positive. (medicinenet.com)
- Active MERS virus was also identified in 35 percent of the young camels' nasal swabs and 15 percent of adult camels. (medicinenet.com)
- This indicates that infection in camels typically occurs in early life, and that if people get the virus from camels, the most likely source is young camels. (medicinenet.com)
- Meat production and quality: two unique properties of young camels. (springer.com)
- In a couple of hours, the young camels, aged 1-4, were ready to kick off the first race of the day. (slate.com)
- No sooner had the young camels reached the finish line than the racers-all young boys due to their light weight-summoned the older camels for the second race. (slate.com)
- The number of seropositive animals varied from 5% to 95% depending on location and the age of the animals (in general, seropositivity was higher in adult camels compared with young camels). (virology.ws)
- Serum from 179 persons working in (MERS-CoV)fromanasalswabspecimenfromadrome- the camel abattoirs also was collected. (cdc.gov)
- The other emerging CoV, termed the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)-CoV, is acquired as a zoonotic disease from dromedary camels, and is thought to have ancient ancestors in Old World vespertilionid bats ( 6 ⇓ ⇓ - 9 ). (pnas.org)
- As new human cases of MERS-CoV continue to emerge, without any clues about the sources of infection except for people who caught it from other patients, these new results suggest that dromedary camels may be one reservoir,' said Chantal Reusken of the National Institute for Public Health and the Environment in Bilthoven, the Netherlands, who led the study. (tradearabia.com)
- While no MERS-CoV antibodies were found in blood serum taken from 160 cattle, sheep, and goats from the Netherlands and Spain, they were found in all 50 samples from camels in Oman. (tradearabia.com)
- The Oman samples came from different areas, suggesting that MERS-CoV, or a very similar virus, is circulating widely in dromedary camels in the region, the researchers said. (tradearabia.com)
- High densities of camel populations correlated with All serum samples were tested for MERS-CoV anti- increased seropositivity and might be a factor in predicting bodies by using a recombinant MERS-CoV spike protein long-term virus maintenance. (cdc.gov)
- The evolutionary origins of MERS-CoV and study of camel serum samples ( 13 ). (cdc.gov)
- A total of 228 (29.5%) related viral species belonging to the genus Betacoronavi- rus of 774 dromedary camels were rated MERS-CoV positive clade C were attributed to insectivorous bats in Europe by the rELISA (Table 1). (cdc.gov)
- Direct evidence for MERS-CoV infection in 213 (93.4%) of 228 rELISA-positive serum samples had camels has been found in Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Egypt. (cdc.gov)
- As a final step, antibody specificity was confirmed by MERS-CoV sequences suggests that camels are sources of using a highly specific MERS-CoV microneutralization as- infection for humans and might constitute a zoonotic animal say as described ( 6 ). (cdc.gov)
- Where and when the putative introduction ples were tested at a starting dilution of 1:80 and an ending of MERS-CoV into camel populations took place and how dilution of 1:800 to identify animals with high neutraliza- the virus is maintained in camel populations remains obscure. (cdc.gov)
- National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Colorado State University (CSU) scientists have provided experimental evidence supporting dromedary camels as the primary reservoir, or carrier, of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV). (eurekalert.org)
- The study, designed by scientists from CSU and NIH's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, involved three healthy camels exposed through the eyes, nose and throat to MERS-CoV isolated from a patient. (eurekalert.org)
- Replication and Shedding of MERS-CoV in Upper Respiratory Tract of Inoculated Dromedary Camels. (eurekalert.org)
- We describe the isolation and sequencing of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) obtained from a dromedary camel and from a patient who died of laboratory-confirmed MERS-CoV infection after close contact with camels that had rhinorrhea. (nih.gov)
- Nasal swabs collected from the patient and from one of his nine camels were positive for MERS-CoV RNA. (nih.gov)
- In addition, MERS-CoV was isolated from the patient and the camel. (nih.gov)
- Serologic data indicated that MERS-CoV was circulating in the camels but not in the patient before the human infection occurred. (nih.gov)
- These data suggest that this fatal case of human MERS-CoV infection was transmitted through close contact with an infected camel. (nih.gov)
- These findings indicate that dromedary camels are a reservoir of MERS-CoV. (virology.ws)
- As not all MERS-CoV cases have documented exposure to camels, there should be other routes of infection other than contact with camels, such as through contaminated material or person to person contact. (virology.ws)
- MERS-CoV has been circulating in dromedary camels in Saudi Arabia since 1992, but it is likely that the virus has been infecting these animals even longer. (virology.ws)
- Camels do not appear to be adversely affected by MERS-CoV infection, a situation often seen when host and pathogen have co-evolved for long periods of time. (virology.ws)
- Detection of the viral RNA genome in clinical specimens by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) now provides additional evidence that MERS-CoV can infect camels. (virology.ws)
- Samples were obtained from all camels (n=14) on a farm where two individuals with laboratory confirmed MERS-CoV infection had been in contact with animals. (virology.ws)
- Nasal swab specimens from three camels were positive when assayed by PCR using MERS-CoV specific primers. (virology.ws)
- Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that the virus from one camel clustered with sequences obtained from the two farm-associated MERS-CoV infections. (virology.ws)
- Sera from all camels on the farm reacted with MERS-CoV in immunofluorescence and neutralizing assays. (virology.ws)
- These observations provide strong evidence that MERS-CoV can replicate in camels. (virology.ws)
- Over this period male camels become aggressive and tend to fight, often leading to injuries, particularly to the sensitive lower jaw. (wsj.com)
- Just like some other ungulates and animals, male camels are also called bulls and their young are known as calves. (reference.com)
- Abouheif MA, Basmaeil SM, Bakkar MN (1986) Estimation of body and carcass eights in Saudi Arabian Najdi male camels. (springer.com)
- Our ger camp restaraunt in the Gobi had dramatic photos on the wall of rutting male camels, with masses of white foam around their heads - in this state they are apparently very dangerous and have been known to kill wolves. (danny.oz.au)
- Our results raise a scenario for the natural history of a ubiquitous respiratory coronavirus (CoV) that has established itself in humans after it was likely acquired from camels. (pnas.org)
- The Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) coronavirus (CoV) is an emerging CoV with a known zoonotic source in dromedary camels. (pnas.org)
- Muslim advocacy for drinking camel urine is back in the news , this time in connection with coronavirus, which is especially ironic if not deadly, as will be explained. (frontpagemag.com)
- An "Islamic medicine specialist" and director of a religious-scientific institution in Iran recently called on his countrymen to drink camel urine as the "best cure" for coronavirus and other ailments. (frontpagemag.com)
- Neuman said the antibodies showed that the camels from the Middle East had probably caught a MERS-like coronavirus, but could not tell scientists when that happened or whether it was exactly the same as the virus that has spread to people. (tradearabia.com)
- These are MERS coronavirus particles (green) on camel epithelial cells. (eurekalert.org)
- You can find TWiV special - MERS-coronavirus in dromedary camels at www.microbe.tv/twiv . (virology.ws)
- During this episode it was revealed that the investigators have propagated infectious MERS-coronavirus from nasal swabs of several dromedary camels. (virology.ws)
- A camel has a hump and a horse has a removable hump. (answers.com)
- There are two types of camels: dromedary camels, which have one hump, and Bactrian camels, which have two humps. (livescience.com)
- Researchers tested blood, nasal and rectal samples from dromedary (one hump) camels throughout Saudi Arabia, as well as archived blood samples from camels in the region that were collected as far back as 1992. (livescience.com)
- He also said that the body should be long, the hump and the back should be big, and the color and posture of the camel are important. (odditycentral.com)
- The most easily discernable difference between dromedaries and Bactrian camels is that dromedaries have one hump and Bactrians have two. (infobarrel.com)
- When food is limited, the camel will reabsorb the fat stored in its hump(s). (infobarrel.com)
- Arabian camels have only one hump. (prezi.com)
- The hump stores up to 80 pounds (36 kilograms) of fat, which a camel can break down into water and energy when sustenance is not available. (prezi.com)
Shows that camels3
- Yet archaeological research shows that camels were not domesticated in the land of Canaan until the 10th century B.C.E.-about a thousand years after the time of Abraham. (yahoo.com)
- Newly published research by two archaeologists at Tel Aviv University in Israel shows that camels weren't domesticated in the eastern Mediterranean until the 10th century B.C. - several centuries after the time they appear in the Bible. (crystalinks.com)
- New approaches to tackling human disease may come from a surprising source - camels - according to research which shows that camels have unique immune systems. (scidev.net)
Contact with camels1
- he is said to have had indirect contact with camels. (scoop.it)
- Researchers at the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich have now examined this assumption in a project sponsored by the Swiss National Science Foundation and have come to the following conclusion: in absolute terms camels release less methane than cows and sheep of comparable body size. (eurekalert.org)
- Female camels are called cows. (reference.com)
- The Dutch-led team, whose study was published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases journal, gathered 349 blood serum samples from a variety of livestock animals, including dromedary camels, cows, sheep, goats, and some animals related to dromedaries. (tradearabia.com)
- Cows would be a better option from the standpoint of milk production, but camels have been chosen for this research as they are better suited for the arid environment of the United Arab Emirates and surrounding nations. (treehugger.com)
- Now, as drought ravages northern Kenya , some development workers are arguing that camels could provide a more drought-resistant alternative to cows and other livestock. (cnn.com)
- Although camels are more expensive to buy than cows, they are cheaper to keep and their milk fetches more on the market, according to SNV's Morgan Siloma, livestock advisor to the Anolei women. (cnn.com)
- The traditional herd animals of the Mongolians - the five "jewels" or "snouts" - are horses, sheep, goats, cows/yaks and camels. (danny.oz.au)
- In the previous section it was shown that camels can produce an adequate amount of milk in drought areas where other domestic animals have very low production. (fao.org)
- Of prime importance for the young camel, and especially for man, who drinks the milk, is the composition. (fao.org)
- Most camel milk is drunk fresh. (fao.org)
- In certain countries there are prejudices among the urban population concerning camel milk. (fao.org)
- When camel milk is left to stand, the acidity rapidly increases (Ohri and Joshi, 1961). (fao.org)
- The general composition of camels' milk in various parts of the world is given in Table 3. (fao.org)
- The specific gravity of camel milk is less than that of cow, sheep or buffalo milk (Shalash, 1979). (fao.org)
- The most important factor in camel milk is water content. (fao.org)
- The water content of camel milk fluctuates from 84 percent (Knoess, 1976) to 90 percent (Ohri and Joshi, 1961). (fao.org)
- When examining only the effects of the lack of drinking water on camel milk, the diet remaining unchanged throughout the year, great changes in water content of milk were found (Yagil and Etzion, 1980). (fao.org)
- Thus, it would appear that the lactating camel loses water to the milk in times of drought. (fao.org)
- Domestic camels are often the main source of meat, milk and even leather or wool products. (livescience.com)
- When I arrived, he served me a cappuccino made with camel's milk (a "camelccino," he said, with a straight face) and offered two bottles of camel ayran , the sour yoghurty Turkish beverage, flavored with saffron and strawberry. (theatlantic.com)
- But Camelicious's signature product is its camel milk chocolate, a product apparently good enough to sell itself without any puns. (theatlantic.com)
- He worked in the 1990s at the Chocolate Museum in Cologne and married a Sudanese woman from Kassala , where he acquired his devotion to camel milk. (theatlantic.com)
- Camel milk chocolate, he says, produces a vaguely salty taste, distinct from the usual cow's milk. (theatlantic.com)
- People infected with a deadly virus that emerged in Saudi Arabia last year may have caught it from one-humped camels, used in the region for meat, milk, transport and racing. (tradearabia.com)
- SciDec.net reports that researchers in Dubai are working on developing genetically modified camels, the milk from which would produce pharmaceutical proteins which could then be processed into cheaper-priced drugs (insulin, clotting factors for treating hemophilia are mentioned) than are currently available in the region. (treehugger.com)
- It's an exploitative situation and simple, well beyond simply raising camels for milk, especially when you consider the rate of success for giving birth. (treehugger.com)
- Camel dung is a rarer fuel but one well suited to Ras al-Khaimah, one of the seven emirates that make up the UAE, home to around 9,000 camels used in milk production, racing and beauty contests. (livemint.com)
- Visitors could come here to ride the camels, buy souvenirs of camel hide and hair, eat and drink camel meat and milk, which are very tasty," he added. (unhcr.org)
- Is camel milk the future for drought-stricken Kenya? (cnn.com)
- But some say camel milk is well suited to their harsh environment. (cnn.com)
- The foundation is currently trying to raise awareness of the benefits of camel milk and points out that the animal's relevance to food security, with its ability to withstand long periods without water, shouldn't go ignored. (cnn.com)
- Camel milk has a longer shelf life (than other livestock milk), and even without refrigeration facilities, can be consumed over longer periods of time,' said Gladys Mwangi, who leads Dutch development organization SNV , in northern Kenya. (cnn.com)
- SNV has been helping the Anolei women's group, which has more than 60 women milking camels, sell their milk in Nairobi. (cnn.com)
- Young says that camel milk could be marketed as a high-end health-food product and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization says camel milk is three times as rich in Vitamin C as cow's milk and is rich in iron, unsaturated fatty acids and B vitamins. (cnn.com)
- We've been trying for a long time to enter the Europe and North American markets but there are some serious administrative hurdles,' explained Holger Marbach, a German national who founded Vital Camel Milk , based in Kenya, which makes camel milk yogurt, ice cream and other products. (cnn.com)
- Marbach says he's developed a new recipe for camel-milk yogurt with an extra-long shelf life. (cnn.com)
- We are looking to expand our links in West Africa, Sudan and Ethiopia and linking all these markets up because they also have camel milk,' Mwangi said. (cnn.com)
- The hope is that camel milk will continue to empower women, feed their families and change lives. (cnn.com)
- For centuries, camel milk has been an important source of nutrition for nomadic cultures in harsh environments like deserts. (healthline.com)
- With cow's and various plant- and animal-based milks readily at your disposal, you may wonder why some people choose camel milk. (healthline.com)
- Here are 6 benefits of camel milk - and 3 downsides. (healthline.com)
- Camel milk is rich in many nutrients that are important for overall health. (healthline.com)
- When it comes to calorie, protein, and carb content, camel milk is comparable to whole cow's milk. (healthline.com)
- Summary Camel milk has a similar nutritional composition to whole cow's milk but provides less saturated fat, more unsaturated fat, and higher amounts of several vitamins and minerals. (healthline.com)
- Camel milk contains less lactose than cow's milk, making it more tolerable for many people with lactose intolerance. (healthline.com)
- One study in 25 people with this condition found that only 2 participants had a mild reaction to roughly 1 cup (250 ml) of camel milk, while the rest were unaffected ( 6 , 7 ). (healthline.com)
- Camel milk also has a different protein profile than cow's milk and appears to be better tolerated by those with an allergy to cow's milk ( 8 , 9 ). (healthline.com)
- One study in 35 children ages 4 months to 10.5 years old with cow's milk allergy noted that only 20% were sensitive to camel milk through a skin-prick test ( 10 , 11 ). (healthline.com)
- What's more, camel milk has been used to treat diarrhea caused by rotavirus for hundreds of years. (healthline.com)
- Summary Camel milk may be a better choice for people with lactose intolerance or cow's milk allergy. (healthline.com)
- Camel milk has been shown to lower blood sugar and improve insulin sensitivity in people with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes ( 13 , 14 , 15 , 16 ). (healthline.com)
- Studies indicate that camel milk provides the equivalent of 52 units of insulin per about 4 cups (1 liter). (healthline.com)
- In a 2-month study in 20 adults with type 2 diabetes, insulin sensitivity improved among those drinking 2 cups (500 ml) of camel milk, but not among the cow's milk group ( 20 ). (healthline.com)
- Another study found that adults with type 1 diabetes who drank 2 cups (500 ml) of camel milk daily in addition to diet, exercise, and insulin treatment saw lower blood sugar and insulin levels than those not given camel milk. (healthline.com)
- Summary Camel milk may lower blood sugar and improve insulin sensitivity, especially in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. (healthline.com)
- Camel milk contains compounds that appear to fight various disease-causing organisms. (healthline.com)
- The two main active components in camel milk are lactoferrin and immunoglobulins, proteins that may give camel milk its immune-boosting properties ( 22 ). (healthline.com)
- What's more, one rat study found that camel milk protected against leukopenia (low white blood cell count) and other side effects of cyclophosphamide, a toxic anticancer drug. (healthline.com)
- Camel Milk- It can Drive Impotency Away! (medindia.net)
- The reason being, apart from its other health benefits, camel milk can also be beneficial to check impotency. (medindia.net)
- And, in view of its scope in the Indian market, Rajasthan Milk Federation (RMF) recently launched sale of camel milk in tetra packs, which are presently available at the Saras Milk parlors in Jaipur, Bikaner and New Delhi. (medindia.net)
- Customers, who are aware of the medicinal values of camel milk but had no access to it in urban areas, can be noticed rushing for camel milk at RMF's Saras outlets. (medindia.net)
- The reason being apart from providing nutrition and countering impotency, camel milk can also benefit the diabetics, if taken regularly. (medindia.net)
- We were waiting for camel milk since a long time. (medindia.net)
- I advise all diabetic patients to consume this milk and also those ones who do not have any disease," said V P Sharma, a consumer of camel milk from Saras Milk Parlor. (medindia.net)
- Elderly persons, especially from rural areas of Rajasthan, also say that camel milk has medicinal values that enhance male potency. (medindia.net)
- One can stay physically fit and become strong by drinking camel milk. (medindia.net)
- Although the first month of the project is on experimental phase, the RMF has been able to sell nearly 1000 liters of camel milk on an average day. (medindia.net)
- It is estimated that around one lakh liters of camel milk could be collected daily from across Rajasthan and RMF has already assessed the great potential in this sector. (medindia.net)
- Increasing instances of impotency among men has also been another factor in favor of the mass consumption of camel milk. (medindia.net)
- There are six types of fatty acids found in camel milk, including lanolin acid, which is effective in controlling wrinkles as well as improving skin tone. (medindia.net)
- Dear Sir/Madam, I am interested in buying Camel Milk Powder and I am ready to buy it. (medindia.net)
- is anyone interested in importing camels milk to the United Kingdom or United States of America. (medindia.net)
- Respectfully yours Holger MarbachManaging DirectorVital Camel Milk Ltd. (medindia.net)
- The new research found that 74 percent of camels had antibodies against the MERS virus , indicating that they had been infected with MERS virus or a very similar virus in the past. (livescience.com)
- The archived blood samples also contained MERS antibodies, suggesting the MERS or a similar virus has been circulating in camels for at least two decades. (livescience.com)
- Previously, the researchers found that camels had antibodies against the MERS virus , and that some were infected with active virus . (livescience.com)
- The study revealed that 74 percent of the camels examined had MERS antibodies. (medicinenet.com)
- Moreover, more than 80 percent of adult camels in Saudi Arabia had antibodies to the virus. (medicinenet.com)
- Adult camels were more likely to have antibodies to the virus while juveniles were more likely to have active virus. (medicinenet.com)
- We showed that camels sampled in different regions ILRI, which provided ILRI with approval to broadly inves- in Kenya during 1992-2013 have antibodies against this tigate livestock disease in Kenya. (cdc.gov)
- Camel antibodies - proteins that bind to invading organisms as part of the body's natural defence against disease - are unlike those of other mammals and are particularly suitable for use as vaccines and treatments for human disease, say two researchers from the United Arab Emirates' Zayed Complex for Herbal Research and Traditional Medicine. (scidev.net)
- The advantages of camel antibodies are threefold, suggest Sabah Jassim and Mazen Ali Naji. (scidev.net)
- The comparative simplicity, high affinity and specificity, and the potential to reach and interact with active sites, suggests that camel heavy chain antibodies present advantages over common antibodies in the design, production and application of clinically valuable compounds," Jassim and Naji write in the December 2001 issue of Biologist . (scidev.net)
- Indeed, they report that Belgian researchers have already managed to create 'camelised' human antibodies that provide a "small, robust and efficient recognition unit" and could be an "ideal scaffold" for vaccine development from camel antibodies. (scidev.net)
- Camel antibodies "will find their way from the desert sands into a laboratory test tube! (scidev.net)
- Antibodies to the virus and the viral genome have been found in dromedary camels in Jordan and Saudi Arabia , implicating those animals as the source of human infections. (virology.ws)
- Recently two studies revealed the presence of antibodies to the virus in dromedary camels in Jordan and Saudi Arabia , two countries where large clusters of infections have occurred. (virology.ws)
- Humans have used camels as a means of transport for thousands of years. (livescience.com)
- Most camels tower above humans. (livescience.com)
- However, the new study does not prove that humans caught the virus from camels, and more studies are needed to rule out other possibilities. (livescience.com)
- For example, it could be that another animal infects both humans and camels. (livescience.com)
- One gene of dromedary viruses exists in two versions in camels, full length and deleted, whereas only the deleted version exists in humans. (pnas.org)
- The researchers noted, however, their findings do not prove that MERS spread to humans from camels, and more investigation into the origin of this respiratory illness is needed. (medicinenet.com)
- In a study into what kind of animal 'reservoir' may be fuelling the outbreak in humans, scientists said they had found strong evidence it is widespread among dromedary camels in the Middle East. (tradearabia.com)
- Genetically modifying other species , without even a hint of consent and in a situation that surely benefits humans far far more than the camels, really not so good. (treehugger.com)
- Design your own camel by merging it with other animals (humans also allowed). (freakingnews.com)
- The last camel native to North America was Camelops hesternus, which vanished along with horses, short-faced bears, mammoths and mastodons, ground sloths, sabertooth cats, and many other megafauna, coinciding with the migration of humans from Asia. (crystalinks.com)
- If camels indeed spread the virus to humans, it will be important to determine the route. (virology.ws)
- Scientists have found cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in camels in Qatar, health officials said on Thursday, fueling speculation that camels might be the animal reservoir that allowed the virus to infect and kill humans," Reuters reports. (kff.org)
- The dromedary camel, also called an Arabian camel, can be found in North Africa and the Middle East. (livescience.com)
- The first person known to have MERS was a Saudi Arabian man who owned four pet camels. (livescience.com)
- Feb 14, 2014 · The Bible very clearly shows people from Mesopotamia and the Arabian Desert having camels early on, and we in fact know from other archaeological evidence in Iran (which doesn't involve any Bible interpretation) that camels were domesticated long before Abraham's time, which is about the first time camels are mentioned in the Bible . (yahoo.com)
- Composition, quality and histochemistry of the Arabian camel (camelius dromedaries) muscles. (springer.com)
- Arabian Camels are able to close their nostrils and lips. (prezi.com)
- Arabian Camels have two rows of eyelashes and bushy eyebrows. (prezi.com)
- A Bactrian camel, according to the San Diego Zoo , grows to a shoulder height of 6 feet (1.8 meters) and a body length of 10 feet (3 m). (livescience.com)
- The Bactrian camel lives in Central Asia. (livescience.com)
- Dromedary camels ( Camelus dromedarius ) and the domestic Bactrian camel ( Camelus bactrianus ) were named in 1758 by Swedish zoologist Carl Linnaeus, who only knew of the domestic variety. (livescience.com)
- Furthermore there are two types of Bactrian camel - the wild and the domesticated. (infobarrel.com)
- Genetic analyses showed that the animal was a male hybrid of a dromedary in the maternal line and a Bactrian camel in the paternal line. (innovations-report.com)
- Extensive DNA analysis showed that the animal was a hybrid: its mother was a dromedary and its father a Bactrian camel. (innovations-report.com)
- Several of the physical features were that of a dromedary, others of a Bactrian camel. (innovations-report.com)
Modern camels are descended2
- The new camel, as yet unnamed, may be a close relative of this animal, thought to belong to the family Paracamelus from which all modern camels are descended. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
- New fragments of leg bone discovered in the far north of Canada suggest that modern camels are descended from ancestors which lived within the Arctic Circle. (crystalinks.com)
- Camels' humps consist of stored fat, which they can metabolize when food and water is scarce. (livescience.com)
- In addition to their humps, camels have other ways to adapt to their environment. (livescience.com)
- So perhaps some specialisations seen in modern camels, such as their wide flat feet, large eyes and humps for fat may be adaptations derived from living in a polar environment. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
- In this figure of speech , the distinguishing features of a camel, such as its humps and poor temperament , are taken to be the deformities that resulted from its poor design. (wiktionary.org)
- Camels are able to keep the water in their humps to survive in the desert. (prezi.com)
- Camels can go for weeks without a drink because they are able to keep the water in their humps to survive in the desert. (prezi.com)
- Australian feral camels are feral populations of dromedaries ( Camelus dromedarius ). (wikipedia.org)
- Wild Bactrian camels ( Camelus ferus ) were discovered in 1878 by Nikolai Prejevalsky, a Russian geographer who explored Mongolia and Tibet. (livescience.com)
- Camelus (Camels) is a genus of mammals in the family camels . (eol.org)
- The signature scene on most Camel cigarette packs shows a single dromedary , the smallest of the three species of camel , standing on desert sand, with pyramids and palm trees in the background. (wikipedia.org)
- These camels feed on more than 80 percent of the available plant species in the area they inhabit and have serious impacts on vegetation. (redorbit.com)
- Bactrian camels, a separate species, range in weight fro. (reference.com)
- The collagen was compared with that of the Yukon camel and 37 modern mammal species. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
- Anatomical data, combined with the collagen information, suggested that the leg bone was roughly 30% larger than the same bone in a modern camel species. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
- Direct comparisons of camel carcasses and meat with those of other meat-producing species in controlled experiments have seldom been made, but the data available indicate that differences between camel meat and beef, for example, are not large for most of these characteristics, with many of the factors affecting carcass and meat quality being similar for both species. (springer.com)
- The nature of the meat and carcass characteristics outlined here, along with the ability of camels to thrive under conditions that may be a challenge to many other meat-producing species, suggest that meat production from camels has a valuable role to play in helping to meet future demands for meat. (springer.com)
- Akpa GN, Abbays HY, Saley ME (2017) Comparative evaluation of the influence of species, age and sex on carcass characteristics of camels, cattle, sheep and goats in Sahel environment. (springer.com)
- There are two 'true' camel species and four South American camelids belonging to the Camelidae family. (infobarrel.com)
- Miners in northwestern Canada have discovered ice age camel bones whose DNA is forcing scientists to redraw the family tree of the now-extinct species. (crystalinks.com)
- Despite Norway's bone-chilling winters, camel species native to Mongolia and Tibet should have no problems coping with snow and sub-zero temperatures, she said. (unhcr.org)
- Oats and grains are far too rich for a camel's diet, as camels are used to nutrient-poor desert scrubs. (wikihow.com)
- This includes alpacas, llamas, dromedaries and Bactrian camels. (eurekalert.org)
- The modified calculation of the "methane budget" may be important for those countries with lots of camels - like the dromedaries in the Middle East and in Australia, or the alpacas and llamas in various South American countries. (eurekalert.org)
- Dromedaries and Bactrians are the true camels while the vicuna, alpaca, llama and guanaco make up the four South American members of Camelidae. (infobarrel.com)
- It turned out that the animals - two bactrian (or two-humped) camels and three dromedaries - belonged to a travelling circus and had strayed from the entourage's encampment. (thelocal.se)
- Among regulations about the age, breeding and teething of the dromedaries, contest rules say "[i]n case of fraud to change the natural form of participating camels, the participant shall be excluded immediately" - with violators banned from this year's contest and the next five sessions of the festival, along with possible legal penalties for violating the kingdom's animal welfare laws. (npr.org)
- By October, the Colonist reported that a dozen camels had survived their first season and were wintering at Quesnel Forks. (wikipedia.org)
- A dozen camels were banned from the competition for receiving Botox injections. (npr.org)
- That is, a camel beauty contest in Saudi Arabia disqualified a dozen camels for receiving Botox injections to make them more attractive. (npr.org)
- Camels are more barn sour and herd sour than horses are. (answers.com)
- We think this is a great idea," Isman said, who kept a herd of around hundred camels in Somalia before being forced to flee his native country. (unhcr.org)
- A statement from Qatar's Supreme Council of Health said the virus was found in three camels among a herd of 14 and two human cases of the disease linked to the barn had since recovered, the news agency notes (Bakr/Kelland, 11/28). (kff.org)
- Our findings suggest that continuous, longer-term surveillance will be necessary to determine the dynamics of virus circulation in dromedary camel populations," study senior author W. Ian Lipkin, of Columbia University in New York City, said in a news release from the American Society for Microbiology. (medicinenet.com)
- Is there any large animal less appetizing than the dromedary camel? (theatlantic.com)
- Pseudomonas pseudomallei infection in camels. (nih.gov)
- A government nurse treated a camel with a stomach infection at the Pushkar cattle fair. (wsj.com)
- Each camel developed a mild upper respiratory tract infection consistent with what scientists have observed throughout the Middle East. (eurekalert.org)
- Although the camels quickly recovered from infection without apparent complications, the researchers say the nasal secretions provide a likely source of transmission to people who handle the animals. (eurekalert.org)
- Proving that infected camels are the source of human infections will require epidemiological investigations of human cases where the infection might have been acquired from camels. (virology.ws)
- Levels of virus in the camel specimens might be too low to detect by culturing, or alternatively only fragments of viral genomes might be present, especially if the infection is over. (virology.ws)
- Because the first known case of the illness involved a man who had four pet camels, researchers looking for the origin of MERS have focused on camels as well as bats. (medicinenet.com)
- The researchers have discovered that the parasite which causes sleeping sickness also causes camel urine to be particularly putrid smelling. (rte.ie)
- Researchers from the US and Canada managed to eke out genomic data from the 125,000-year- to 75,000-year-old late Pleistocene western camel bones to develop high-coverage complete mitochondrial and low-coverage partial nuclear genomes for each specimen, as they've reported in Molecular Biology and Evolution . (genomeweb.com)
- Thirty fossilized pieces of a lower leg bone belonging to a camel which lived 3.5 million years ago were found by researchers on Ellesmere Island, in Canada's High Arctic. (crystalinks.com)
- Camels are the poster animals for the desert, but researchers now have evidence that these shaggy beasts once lived in the Canadian High Arctic. (crystalinks.com)
- Serum, blood, and rectal and nasal swabs were collected from dromedary camels in November-December 2013 from southwestern, western, northwestern, eastern, and central regions of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. (virology.ws)
- SYDNEY, Australia (AP) -- Parts of Australia's Outback could soon be overrun by wild camels if drastic measures are not taken to cull them, a wildlife scientist said Wednesday. (redorbit.com)
- They expect to offer free treatment to around 100 sick camels each day of the 8-day fair, which runs until Nov. 17. (wsj.com)
- There was some anecdotal evidence of people who came down with MERS after contact with sick camels, but this is the first hard evidence that camels may be a missing link in the chain of transmission,' he said. (tradearabia.com)
- The finding of higher seroprevalence in older camels suggests that younger animals are infected as they are introduced into herds in which the virus is circulating. (virology.ws)
- The prevalence was even higher in younger camels. (medicinenet.com)
- Historian Richard Bulliet of Columbia University explored the topic in his 1975 book, The Camel and the Wheel, and concluded that "the occasional mention of camels in patriarchal narratives does not mean that the domestic camels were common in the Holy Land at that period. (yahoo.com)
- It has three more genes than domestic camels and can cope with much saltier water. (infobarrel.com)
- They also took swabs from the rectum and nose of camels as well as sheep and goats in November and December of 2013. (medicinenet.com)
- Camels are common desert animals that were once used, and still often used, to cross deserts with. (answers.com)
- As far as the difference involved in riding these animals, camels need less food and water than horses do, so you can take them on longer journeys where there aren't as many water sources. (answers.com)
- The majority of camels in Saudi Arabia have been infected with Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) virus, and the virus has been circulating among the animals there for at least 20 years, a new study suggests. (livescience.com)
- Coronaviruses di Arabia, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, and Egypt have found high seroprevalance to a MERS-like CoV in drom- in Dromedary edary camels but not in other domestic animals ( 7 - 11 ). (cdc.gov)
- The Cariboo camels were a number of camels that arrived in British Columbia, Canada, as pack animals. (wikipedia.org)
- These Bactrian camels had worked in Arizona for rail construction and Esche had used them as pack animals during the California Gold Rush. (wikipedia.org)
- Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - Camel owners wait for customers near their animals on Wednesday. (cnn.com)
- It's in the owners' interest to look after their camels because after all that's their livelihood, but we're here to help and to make sure the animals are treated properly," Dr. Singhla, 33, said as he treated a male camel lying on its side and wailing in pain with a large cut on his lower body. (wsj.com)
- Dr. Singhla heads Help In Suffering's Camel Project, a shelter specially for the animals, on the outskirts of Jaipur. (wsj.com)
- The Bible does not argue for a widespread use of the camel as a domesticated animal in the 19 th century B.C. It describes at least a limited use of these animals in certain settings, and it seems only for a limited period of time. (yahoo.com)
- Camels are beautiful, huge, strong animals that make wonderful pets. (wikihow.com)
- However, the proper care for a camel is needed in order to care properly for these magnificent animals. (wikihow.com)
- Camels are quite clean animals and hate to be in a mess. (wikihow.com)
- One engraving in particular stands out -- a camel facing what appears to be a donkey, mule or horse, animals that have rarely been represented in the region's rock art. (hurriyetdailynews.com)
- The camels lived 20 million years ago and are now considered to be among the oldest known animals from Panama. (crystalinks.com)
- Egypt's largest camel race is a tether to a history intertwined with the animals. (slate.com)
- A viral story in which a woman bites a camel in the testicles at a truck stop illustrates everything that's wrong with keeping animals as roadside attractions. (peta.org)
- In addition to horses, the Ottoman army also used camels for transportation and as riding animals. (innovations-report.com)
- OSLO Jan. 26 (UNHCR) - Camels are rare in Norway, mostly seen in papier-mâché form during Christmas pageants, but a group of Somali refugees resettled in the Norwegian countryside is now hoping to keep as many as 20 of the humped animals. (unhcr.org)
- Alpacas and gators are a popular animals in several cultures, this incredible animals appear in ancient art, brands and more, if you need inspiration for your graphic of brand download this vector file that include several old style camels and alpacas. (vecteezy.com)
- But… I guess it will take a while before I can say we're really friends, Tika and I. The thing is - people here treat camels, and all animals, in fact, in a very utilitarian way - a camel is just a means of transportation, slowly replaced by motorcycles, even within the local Tuareg population. (bootsnall.com)
- It was the second reported case of animals infected with MERS after Saudi Arabia announced a camel had tested positive for the virus [earlier in November]," Agence France-Presse adds (11/28). (kff.org)
- By 35 million years ago, the Poebrotherium was the size of a goat and had many more traits similar to camels and llamas. (crystalinks.com)
- The camel is commonly referred to as 'The Ship of the Desert' because of the animal's historic role in carrying trade goods. (answers.com)
- Camels had been used successfully in desert exploration in other parts of the world. (wikipedia.org)
- Australia is now home to around 500,000 camels roaming the country's vast tracts of desert, said Glenn Edwards, a senior scientist for the Northern Territory provincial government. (redorbit.com)
- Camels were first introduced to Australia in the mid-1800s to transport goods across the desert. (redorbit.com)
- Camels used to be out of sight, out of mind, living in the more remote desert areas," he said. (redorbit.com)
- No matter the type, camels are usually found in the desert, prairie or steppe. (livescience.com)
- Right now in the usually sleepy Rajasthani desert town of Pushkar, thousands of lean, athletic-looking camels are on display for prospective buyers at the annual cattle fair, one of the largest livestock markets of its kind in the world. (wsj.com)
- The government has also set up two temporary clinics and two mobile medical units able to offer treatment and medication for a nominal fee to camels spread out across the desert in Pushkar. (wsj.com)
- The lower metabolism of camels could explain why they thrive particularly in areas with a shortage of food - desert and barren mountain regions. (eurekalert.org)
- Why Are Camels Called Ships of the Desert? (reference.com)
- Camels might be known as ships of the desert but they had giant ancestors that once roamed the Arctic. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
- Camels have adapted to harsh desert conditions that require them to eat thorny plants. (nationalgeographic.com)
- Every year, the desert city of Bikaner, in India's state of Rajasthan, hosts one of the most colorful events in the world - the Bikaner Camel Festival . (odditycentral.com)
- While camels have a reputation for needing only a little water, this is only for trained camels accustomed to desert life. (wikihow.com)
- Squinting in the Saudi desert, Hussain al-Khalifah points at his unprecedented archaeological discovery -- camels carved on russet-hued rocky spurs that could shed new light on the evolution of rock art. (hurriyetdailynews.com)
- Camels, for centuries venerated as the "ship of the desert," are a familiar motif in artworks from the kingdom. (hurriyetdailynews.com)
- Camels were first introduced to Australia in 1840s to help explorers travel through the Australian desert. (freakingnews.com)
- Camels are well adapted to life in the desert. (infobarrel.com)
- His vehicle struck a single-humped camel in the face in a part of Sweden that is famously wet, and about as far from the desert as you can get. (thelocal.se)
- Camel herders surround a mobile medical unit van run by the Rajasthan government at the Pushkar cattle fair. (wsj.com)
- According to the government, camels were useful back in the old days, but now they cause nothing but trouble - they compete with sheep and cattle for food, they trample vegetation, they destroy settlements in search of water, scaring residents as they tear apart bathrooms and rip up water pipes. (freakingnews.com)
- The finding, detailed today (March 5) in the journal Nature Communications, suggests that modern camels stemmed from giant relatives that lived in a forested Arctic that was somewhat warmer than today. (crystalinks.com)
- Camels with long, crocodile-like snouts once lived near what is now the Panama Canal, suggests a new study. (crystalinks.com)
- Additional research suggests that camel whey protein is responsible for the milk's ability to fight harmful organisms. (healthline.com)
- TUESDAY, Feb. 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Scientists looking for the origin of the MERS virus, which has infected at least 182 people since 2012, have found that it is widespread among camels in Saudi Arabia. (medicinenet.com)
- Az Apache Camel szabályalapú útválasztó és mediációs motor, amely az Enterprise Integration Patterns egy POJO -alapú implementációját nyújtja. (wikipedia.org)
- A Talend cég az Apache Camel Talend Integration Factory nevű vállalati verzióját nyújtja, ami tesztelt, tanúsítvánnyal ellátott és támogatott. (wikipedia.org)
- Integration with Apache Camel as a Microservice: what do you need to make this happen? (redhat.com)
- This talk will walk through all the fabric8 infrastructure that is required to make integration in the cloud viable, and demonstrate funktion, a simple way to wire Camel Microservices together for cloud deployments. (redhat.com)
- I will aim to demonstrate that Camel can meet complex integration challenges enabling you to leverage EAI best practices, while being easy to pick up and easy to master. (infoq.com)
- I will show this by looking at practical examples of typical integration challenges and see how Camel helps us meet these challenges. (infoq.com)
- The following diagram illustrates the proposed integration between Eclipse Kura and Apache Camel. (eclipse.org)
- Keeping camels in Norway might sound a bit eccentric, but the hope is that these camels will create jobs and improve the integration of refugees resettled to Loeten. (unhcr.org)
- In this Java tip, learn how to use Apache Camel to develop a quick-and-easy integration layer for a service-oriented architecture. (infoworld.com)
- One way to ease that challenge is by using an integration framework like Apache Camel. (infoworld.com)
- In this Java tip we introduce a process for using Apache Camel as an integration solution. (infoworld.com)
- Using Apache Camel as an integration framework shortcuts a lot of that programming. (infoworld.com)
- Apache Camel is a library that implements enterprise integration patterns (EIP). (stackoverflow.com)
- Apache Camel is a lightweight and easy to use integration framework that forms the backbone of numerous distributed systems. (manning.com)
- This scenario reminds us of the pandemic potential of the Middle East respiratory syndrome CoV, an agent that is thought to be acquired from camels without presently causing sustained human-to-human transmission. (pnas.org)
- Dromedary camels are a putative source for human of the agreement between the Government of Kenya and infections with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavi- rus. (cdc.gov)
- The two types of camel are found in different parts of the world. (livescience.com)
- Bones of another giant camel dating back around two million years were previously found 1,200 kilometres south in the Yukon. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
- But I found this Arabic poem about a camel in my history book and I couldn't help it. (perlmonks.org)
- When the police approached them, they found that the camel had no hooves, and the wounds indicated that they had been deliberately cut off. (odditycentral.com)
- In another incident, Fuzhou Evening News reported the case of a camel found by the roadside. (odditycentral.com)
- Instead when I visited the area, I found camels were carved in the mountain outcrops. (hurriyetdailynews.com)
- Three fossils recovered from a gold mine in the Klondike in 2008 are the first western camel bones found in the territory or Alaska in decades. (crystalinks.com)
- DNA analysis shows that the beast - the first intact camel skeleton found in central Europe - was a Bactrian-dromedary hybrid, popular in the army. (crystalinks.com)
- The fossil remains of a 3.5-million-year-old camel were found on Ellesmere Island in Canada's northernmost territory, Nunavut. (crystalinks.com)
- But after running tests, the company found two tonnes of camel waste could replace one tonne of coal. (livemint.com)
- Camel bones have been found in Europe dating back to the Roman period. (innovations-report.com)
- Children also found the Camel cigarette advertisements more appealing (P less than .0001). (nih.gov)
- Officials from the Northern Territory government are calling for a strict management plan to control camel numbers, including moves to harvest the beasts for meat and other commercial products. (redorbit.com)
- Camels are herbivores, though, so you won't find them eating meat. (livescience.com)
- This chapter provides information on meat production from camels (predominantly dromedary camels) in terms of carcass characteristics, and meat quality characteristics. (springer.com)
- An important feature that characterizes most camel meat products is the low level of intramuscular and subcutaneous fat compared with many other meat products. (springer.com)
- Al-Owaimer AN (2000) Effect of dietary halophyte Salicornia bigelovii Torr on carcass characteristics, minerals, fatty acids and amino acids profile of camel meat. (springer.com)
- Al-Shabib NA, Abu-Tarboush HM (2004) Nutritional value and some functional properties of protein in ostrich and camel meat. (springer.com)
- Babiker SA, Yousif OK (1990) Chemical composition and quality of camel meat. (springer.com)
- Bekhit AE, Farouk MM (2013) Nutritive and health value of camel meat. (springer.com)
- In: Kadim IT, Mahgoub O, Faye B, Farouk MM (eds) Camel meat and meat products. (springer.com)
- Camels supply meat for their owners and the bones and 'wool' is used for various items. (infobarrel.com)
- To mark its fifth anniversary in 1984, Camel Trophy returned to Brazil, to the depths of the largest rainforest in the world, the Amazon Basin. (google.com)
- Camel Trophy 1984 became the biggest event run so far with twelve teams participating. (google.com)
- Babiker MM (1984) Abundance and economic potentials of camels in the Sudan. (springer.com)
- The evolutionary adaptation today allows camels to thrive in deserts because storing all their fat on their back helps them keep cool in extreme temperatures. (crystalinks.com)
- Camels are quieter and gentler than horses are. (answers.com)
- Camels can carry more weight than horses. (answers.com)
- Camels do not colic the way horses do. (answers.com)
- Camels are harder on fences than horses are. (answers.com)
- Stage horses were terrified at the very sight of camels and even the best trained of them would bolt upon encountering the camels on the road. (wikipedia.org)
- It's true that compression suits are worn by race horses around the world to improve performance, but the owners of Al Shibla believe that camels deserve the very best in comfort clothing as well. (odditycentral.com)
- The proposal to substitute camels for mules, horses and oxen in transporting supplies for the army was first made by Major George Hampton Crossman, a graduate of West Point, who was Zachary Taylor's quartermaster in the Seminole war. (wikisource.org)
- Camel is a brand of cigarettes that was introduced by American company R.J. Reynolds Tobacco in 1913. (wikipedia.org)
- Most current Camel cigarettes contain a blend of Turkish tobacco and Virginia tobacco . (wikipedia.org)
-  Reynolds worked to develop a more appealing flavor, creating the Camel cigarette, so named because it used Turkish tobacco  in imitation of then-fashionable Egyptian cigarettes . (wikipedia.org)
- Camel cigarettes were originally blended to have a milder taste than established brands. (wikipedia.org)
- Another promotion was 'Old Joe', a circus camel driven through towns used to attract attention and distribute free cigarettes. (wikipedia.org)
- Professor Robert N. Proctor of Stanford University commemorated the occasion with an editorial in the LA Times, noting that over the last century Camel sold over 4 trillion cigarettes. (wikipedia.org)
- Filtered Camel cigarettes sold outside the US by JT International do not contain Turkish tobacco, instead they are produced in Romania with local tobacco. (wikipedia.org)
- Officials for the tobacco company that makes Camel cigarettes announced they are banning employees from smoking in corporate buildings beginning next year, saying, "We're just better aligning our tobacco use policies with the realities of what you're seeing in society today. (theonion.com)
- The company, which makes Camel cigarettes, is constructing indoor smoking areas for those who do want to smoke. (cnn.com)
- Various Camel Crush and Camel Click cigarettes have also been created and are some of the most popular Camel variants being sold. (wikipedia.org)
- Professor Robert N. Proctor of Stanford University commented on the occasion with an editorial in the Los Angeles Times , noting that over the last century, Camel sold over 4 trillion cigarettes and "have probably caused about 4 million deaths. (wikipedia.org)
- To determine if RJR Nabisco's cartoon-theme advertising is more effective in promoting Camel cigarettes to children or to adults. (nih.gov)
- Old Joe Camel cartoon advertisements are far more successful at marketing Camel cigarettes to children than to adults. (nih.gov)
Complete camel skeleton3
- A complete camel skeleton dug up from a 17th-century Austrian cellar shows tell-tale signs that it was a valuable riding animal in the Ottoman army. (crystalinks.com)
- Archaeologists working on a rescue excavation uncovered a complete camel skeleton in Tulln, Lower Austria. (innovations-report.com)
- But a complete camel skeleton is unique for Central Europe. (innovations-report.com)
- The video, which has since gone viral, also depicted him drinking a glass of freshly procured camel urine-which he enthused was best drunk "fresh and warm"-and calling on fellow Iranians to do the same three times a day for three days (i.e., nine full glasses). (frontpagemag.com)
- Polymerase chain reaction was used to detect viral nucleic acids in clinical specimens from camels. (virology.ws)
- Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - A man opens the mouth of his camel for sale for potential buyers to see during the early morning hours at a camel fair grounds on the outskirts of Pushkar, India, on Wednesday, November 21. (cnn.com)
- The annual five-day camel and livestock fair, held in the town of Pushkar in the state of Rajasthan, is one of the world's largest camel fairs. (cnn.com)
- Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - Two women keep warm by a fire at dawn on Wednesday. (cnn.com)
- Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - An owner ties a string of bells to the foot of his camel for sale to entice buyers on Wednesday. (cnn.com)
- Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - A camel for sale sports a plastic rose over its nose on Wednesday. (cnn.com)
- Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - A camel trader keeps warm with a blanket at dawn on Wednesday as he sits near a flock of camels. (cnn.com)
- Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - Young Indian women dressed in traditional Rajasthani clothing laugh while they wait for the start of a traditional dance presentation on Wednesday. (cnn.com)
- Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - Girls hold hands as they wait for the start of a dance on Wednesday. (cnn.com)
- Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - Asian tourists take photographs of camel traders as they get a ride on a camel cart through the fairgrounds on Wednesday. (cnn.com)
- Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - Indian women gather for the start of a traditional dance presentation at the camel fairgrounds in the outskirts of Pushkar. (cnn.com)
- Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - An Indian man leads his flock of camels down a dusty hill on the outskirts of Pushkar as he heads to the Puskar camel fair on Wednesday. (cnn.com)
- Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - A camel trader smokes an Indian cigarrette called Bidi at the camel fairgrounds on Wednesday. (cnn.com)
- Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - A group of camel traders sit around a fire in the early morning hours on Wednesday. (cnn.com)
- Livestock for sale at annual camel fair - A camel gets its nose pierced at the camel fairgrounds on Tuesday, November 20. (cnn.com)
- They lack Bronze Age depictions of camels from that era although Egyptians painted tomb murals of livestock, crocodiles, cats, dogs, monkeys, etc. (yahoo.com)
- The new study is the first to perform a countrywide survey of camels in Saudi Arabia. (livescience.com)
- In conducting the study, published Feb. 25 in mBio , the investigators collected blood samples from dromedary camels throughout Saudi Arabia. (medicinenet.com)
- Khalifah, part of a Franco-Saudi research team that explored the site in 2016 and 2017, said he accidentally discovered the carvings some years ago when a local friend told him about a " camel -shaped mountain. (hurriyetdailynews.com)
- But the three dimensional engravings in Al-Jouf, some featuring only part of a camel 's body such as the hooves, differ from those discovered at other Saudi sites. (hurriyetdailynews.com)
- HUNDREDS of camels have died in Saudi Arabia this week from a mystery ailment. (abovetopsecret.com)
- I will guess that camel owners in Saudi Arabia import most of their camel food. (abovetopsecret.com)
- The latest on the Saudi camels is that aflotoxin (mold) contamination is the culprit. (abovetopsecret.com)
- Saudi men lead camels during a beauty contest as part of the annual King Abdulaziz Camel Festival in Rumah, Saudi Arabia, on Friday. (npr.org)
- Saudi media reported that a veterinarian was caught performing plastic surgery on the camels a few days before the pageant, according to UAE's The National . (npr.org)
- The camel," the chief judge of the show, Fawzan al-Madi, told the newswire, "is a symbol of Saudi Arabia. (npr.org)
- Scientists believe camels might have originated in North America before migrating across Asia via a land bridge between Alaska and Russia. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
- She added: "We now have a new fossil record to better understand camel evolution, since our research shows that the Paracamelus lineage inhabited northern North America for millions of years, and the simplest explanation for this pattern would be that Paracamelus originated there. (huffingtonpost.co.uk)
- The earliest known camel, called Protylopus, lived in North America 40 to 50 million years ago (during the Eocene). (crystalinks.com)
Belong to the family1
- Camels belong to the family Camelidae. (infobarrel.com)
- A few years ago, I used to frequent the Birqash market outside Cairo, Egypt, where hundreds of camels caper around on spindly legs, like big hairy flamingos, and are thwacked intermittently with rods by their Nubian herders. (theatlantic.com)
- Exodus stated there were camels in Egypt. (yahoo.com)
- As time passed, more camel owners grew interested in joining the race, and it kept gradually growing until it became the biggest camel race in Egypt. (slate.com)
- Camel bones unearthed by miners in Canada's Yukon Territory are leading paleontologists to re-think the evolutionary history of the camel lineage. (genomeweb.com)
- But one look at the cervical vertebrae, the lower jaw and the metacarpal bones immediately revealed that this was a camel. (innovations-report.com)
- The camel beauty pageant is the highlight of this festival, featuring 30,000 camels from all over the Gulf region. (odditycentral.com)
- Imported into Australia from British India and Afghanistan  during the 19th century for transport and construction during the colonisation of the central and western parts of Australia , many were released into the wild after motorised transport replaced the use of camels in the early 20th century, resulting in a fast-growing feral population. (wikipedia.org)
- It's the first evidence that camels were ever there," lead study author and paleobiologist Natalia Rybczynski of the Canadian Museum of Nature in Ottawa told LiveScience. (crystalinks.com)
- Smelly camel urine could provide the key to finding a treatment for sleeping sickness, a potentially fatal illness that impacts thousands of people in Africa every year, according to scientists at Trinity College Dublin. (rte.ie)
- In cooperation with Zurich Zoo and private camel keepers, scientists from the University of Zurich and ETH Zurich have measured methane production in three types of camelids. (eurekalert.org)
- Further work by a scientists at Germany's University of Bonn suggested it may have come through an intermediary animal after they conducted a detailed case study of a male patient from Qatar who said he owned a camel and a goat farm. (tradearabia.com)
- By showing that one-humped camels have a history of MERS-like infections, these scientists may have helped answer both questions at once. (tradearabia.com)
- Could thise be the dreaded Camel Virus (Small Pox Symptoms), the potential Bioweapon Iraqi scientists were studying? (abovetopsecret.com)