Camellia sinensis L. (formerly Thea sinensis) is an evergreen Asiatic shrub of the THEACEAE family. The infusion of leaves of this plant is used as Oriental TEA which contains CAFFEINE; THEOPHYLLINE; and epigallocatechin gallate.
A plant genus in the family THEACEAE, order THEALES best known for CAMELLIA SINENSIS which is the source of Oriental TEA.
The infusion of leaves of CAMELLIA SINENSIS (formerly Thea sinensis) as a beverage, the familiar Asian tea, which contains CATECHIN (especially epigallocatechin gallate) and CAFFEINE.
An antioxidant flavonoid, occurring especially in woody plants as both (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin (cis) forms.
A species of trematode flukes of the family Opisthorchidae. Many authorities consider this genus belonging to Opisthorchis. It is common in China and other Asiatic countries. Snails and fish are the intermediate hosts.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Members contain CAROTENOIDS, essential oils (OILS, VOLATILE), flavonoids, mucilage, SAPONINS, and STEROLS. The plants are used both topically and internally. The common name of Marigold is also used for TAGETES.
A large class of organic compounds having more than one PHENOL group.
A type of glycoside widely distributed in plants. Each consists of a sapogenin as the aglycone moiety, and a sugar. The sapogenin may be a steroid or a triterpene and the sugar may be glucose, galactose, a pentose, or a methylpentose.
A mass spectrometric technique that is used for the analysis of a wide range of biomolecules, such as glycoalkaloids, glycoproteins, polysaccharides, and peptides. Positive and negative fast atom bombardment spectra are recorded on a mass spectrometer fitted with an atom gun with xenon as the customary beam. The mass spectra obtained contain molecular weight recognition as well as sequence information.
A plant species of the family APIACEAE that is the source of dong quai.
A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar orange fruit which is also a source of orange oil.
Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Infection of the biliary passages with CLONORCHIS SINENSIS, also called Opisthorchis sinensis. It may lead to inflammation of the biliary tract, proliferation of biliary epithelium, progressive portal fibrosis, and sometimes bile duct carcinoma. Extension to the liver may lead to fatty changes and cirrhosis. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A plant genus of the family ROSACEAE that is the source of an edible fruit. Members contain TRITERPENES.
A group of phenyl benzopyrans named for having structures like FLAVONES.
Any compound that contains a constituent sugar, in which the hydroxyl group attached to the first carbon is substituted by an alcoholic, phenolic, or other group. They are named specifically for the sugar contained, such as glucoside (glucose), pentoside (pentose), fructoside (fructose), etc. Upon hydrolysis, a sugar and nonsugar component (aglycone) are formed. (From Dorland, 28th ed; From Miall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed)
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.
A genus of ascomycetous fungi (ASCOMYCOTA), family Clavicipitaceae, order HYPOCREALES, that grows by infecting insect larvae or mature insects with spores that germinate often before the cocoon is formed.
A methylxanthine naturally occurring in some beverages and also used as a pharmacological agent. Caffeine's most notable pharmacological effect is as a central nervous system stimulant, increasing alertness and producing agitation. It also relaxes SMOOTH MUSCLE, stimulates CARDIAC MUSCLE, stimulates DIURESIS, and appears to be useful in the treatment of some types of headache. Several cellular actions of caffeine have been observed, but it is not entirely clear how each contributes to its pharmacological profile. Among the most important are inhibition of cyclic nucleotide PHOSPHODIESTERASES, antagonism of ADENOSINE RECEPTORS, and modulation of intracellular calcium handling.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
Dissertations embodying results of original research and especially substantiating a specific view, e.g., substantial papers written by candidates for an academic degree under the individual direction of a professor or papers written by undergraduates desirous of achieving honors or distinction.
Essential oil extracted from Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree). It is used as a topical antimicrobial due to the presence of terpineol.
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
3,7-Dimethylxanthine. The principle alkaloid in Theobroma cacao (the cacao bean) and other plants. A xanthine alkaloid that is used as a bronchodilator and as a vasodilator. It has a weaker diuretic activity than THEOPHYLLINE and is also a less powerful stimulant of smooth muscle. It has practically no stimulant effect on the central nervous system. It was formerly used as a diuretic and in the treatment of angina pectoris and hypertension. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, pp1318-9)
The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.
A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
A plant genus of the family ERICACEAE.
The pattern of GENE EXPRESSION at the level of genetic transcription in a specific organism or under specific circumstances in specific cells.
The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.
Techniques of nucleotide sequence analysis that increase the range, complexity, sensitivity, and accuracy of results by greatly increasing the scale of operations and thus the number of nucleotides, and the number of copies of each nucleotide sequenced. The sequencing may be done by analysis of the synthesis or ligation products, hybridization to preexisting sequences, etc.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
An aromatic perennial plant species that has been used to treat migraines, arthritis, and as a febrifuge. It contains TANNINS, volatile oils (OILS, ESSENTIAL), and sesquiterpene lactones, especially parthenolide.
An enzyme which catalyzes the hydrolysis of LACTOSE to D-GALACTOSE and D-GLUCOSE. Defects in the enzyme cause LACTOSE INTOLERANCE.
Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.
The dried seeds, bark, root, stems, buds, leaves, or fruit of aromatic plants used to season food.

Diurnal variation of photosynthesis and photoinhibition in tea: effects of irradiance and nitrogen supply during growth in the field. (1/234)

Diurnal changes in the rate of photosynthesis (A) of mature tea (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze) bushes grown at high elevation in the field in Sri Lanka, were related to environmental conditions. Bushes were either unshaded, receiving 100% of incident photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), moderately shaded, (65% PAR) or heavily shaded (30% PAR). These treatments were combined with nitrogen fertilizer applications of 0, 360 and 720 kg ha(-1) year(-1). When recently fully expanded leaves were measured under the growing conditions on bright, clear days from dawn to dusk, A was greatest in the morning with increasing radiation between approximately 8 h and 10 h. Stomatal conductances (g(s)) and substomatal carbon dioxide concentrations (C(i)) were then large, leaf temperatures (T(L)) cool, and saturated water vapour deficits (VPD) small. However, as the irradiance, T(L) and VPD increased towards midday, A, g(s), photochemical quenching, and C(i) decreased, and non-photochemical quenching increased. In the late afternoon, irradiance, T(L) and VPD fell, but despite the relatively large increase in g(s) and C(i), A remained low; however, it recovered overnight. The zero-N treatment decreased total-N content of leaves by 50% and A by c. 20% (not significant). Leaves of unshaded plants receiving least N had significantly (P<0.05) smaller A and greater total sugar content than shaded but with abundant N, A and sugars did not differ between shade treatments. Analysis of the responses of A to environment in the morning compared to the afternoon, and of chlorophyll fluorescence, suggests that A was photoinhibited as a consequence of greatly increased PAR, whilst decreasing g(s) (related to changes in PAR, VPD and T(L)) caused C(i) to fall. End-product inhibition of A is not consistent with decreased C(i). Inhibition of A as a result of photoinhibition was minimized, but not eliminated, by abundant N. Interactions between factors regulating A in tea are discussed.  (+info)

Inhibition of the multidrug resistance P-glycoprotein activity by green tea polyphenols. (2/234)

Many beneficial proprieties have been associated with polyphenols from green tea, such as chemopreventive, anticarcinogenic, antiatherogenic and antioxidant actions. In this study, we investigated the effects of green tea polyphenols (GTPs) and their principal catechins on the function of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), which is involved in the multidrug resistance phenotype of cancer cells. GTPs (30 microg/ml) inhibit the photolabeling of P-gp by 75% and increase the accumulation of rhodamine-123 (R-123) 3-fold in the multidrug-resistant cell line CH(R)C5, indicating that GTPs interact with P-gp and inhibit its transport activity. Moreover, the modulation of P-gp transport by GTPs was a reversible process. Among the catechins present in GTPs, EGCG, ECG and CG are responsible for inhibiting P-gp. In addition, EGCG potentiates the cytotoxicity of vinblastine (VBL) in CH(R)C5 cells. The inhibitory effect of EGCG on P-gp was also observed in human Caco-2 cells, which form an intestinal epithelial-like monolayer. Our results indicate that, in addition to their anti-cancer properties, GTPs and more particularly EGCG inhibit the binding and efflux of drugs by P-gp. Thus, GTPs or EGCG might be potential agents for modulating the bioavailability of P-gp substrates at the intestine and the multidrug resistance phenotype associated with expression of this transporter in cancer cells.  (+info)

Green tea polyphenol (-)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate inhibits MMP-2 secretion and MT1-MMP-driven migration in glioblastoma cells. (3/234)

We have recently shown that green tea polyphenols, and especially (-)-epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCg), acted as potent inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase activities as well as of proMMP-2 activation (M. Demeule, M. Brossard, M. Page, D. Gingras, R. Beliveau, Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1478 (2000)). In the present work, we sought to examine the involvement of MT1-MMP in the EGCg-induced inhibition of proMMP-2 activation. The incubation of U-87 glioblastoma cells in the presence of concanavalin A or cytochalasin D, two potent activators of MT1-MMP, resulted in proMMP-2 activation that was correlated with the cell surface proteolytic processing of MT1-MMP to its inactive 43 kDa form. Addition of EGCg strongly inhibited the MT1-MMP-dependent proMMP-2 activation. The inhibitory effect of EGCg on MT1-MMP was also demonstrated by the down-regulation of MT1-MMP transcript levels and by the inhibition of MT1-MMP-driven cell migration of transfected COS-7 cells. These observations suggest that this catechin may act at both the MT1-MMP gene and protein expression levels. In addition, treatment of cells with non-cytotoxic doses of EGCg significantly reduced the amount of secreted proMMP-2, and led to a concomitant increase in intracellular levels of that protein. This effect was similar to that observed using well-characterized secretion inhibitors such as brefeldin A and manumycin, suggesting that EGCg could also potentially act on intracellular secretory pathways. Taken together, these results indicate that EGCg targets multiple MMP-mediated cellular events in cancer cells and provides a new mechanism for the anticancer properties of that molecule.  (+info)

Determination of mercury in biological tissues by graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrometry with an in-situ concentration technique. (4/234)

A method has been described for the determination of total mercury by graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS) using an in-situ concentration technique with a Pd-Zr coating and a chemical modifier. The characteristic mass, which gives an integrated absorbance of 0.0044 s, was found to be 42 pg and an absolute detection limit (3sigma) of 33 pg was obtained with the proposed modifier. The total mercury values in standard reference materials, including Mussel (GBW08571), Bovine liver (GBW08306), Peach leaf (GBW08501) and Tea leaf (GBW080001), were determined using the proposed method, and the results were consistent with reference values. The method had been successfully applied to the determination of mercury in biological tissue samples with a recovery range of 94-105%.  (+info)

Activity-guided fractionation of green tea extract with antiproliferative activity against human stomach cancer cells. (5/234)

Epidemiological studies have suggested that the consumption of green tea provides protection against stomach cancer. Fractionation of green tea extract, guided by antiproliferative activity against human stomach cancer (MK-1) cells, has resulted in the isolation of six active flavan-3-ols, epicatechin (EC), epigallocatechin (EGC), epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg), gallocatechin (GC), epicatechin gallate (ECg), gallocatechin gallate (GCg), together with inactive glycosides of kaempferol and quercetin. Among the six active flavan-3-ols, EGCg and GCg showed the highest activity, EGC, GC, ECg followed next, and the activity of EC was lowest. These data suggest that the presence of the three adjacent hydroxyl groups (pyrogallol or galloyl group) in the molecule would be a key factor for enhancing the activity. Since reactive oxygen species play an important role in cell death induction, radical scavenging activity was evaluated using the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) radical. The order of scavenging activity was ECg > or = EGCg > or = EGC > or = GC > or = EC. The compounds having a galloyl moiety showed more potent activity. The contribution of the pyrogallol moiety in the B-ring to the scavenging activity seemed to be less than that of the galloyl moiety.  (+info)

Indonesian medicinal plants. XXV. Cancer cell invasion inhibitory effects of chemical constituents in the parasitic plant Scurrula atropurpurea (Loranthaceae). (6/234)

Six fatty acids (1-6), two xanthines (7, 8), two flavonol glycosides (9, 10), one monoterpene glucoside (11), one lignan glycoside (12), and four flavanes (13-16) were clarified by a bioassay-guided separation as chemical constituents of Scurrula atropurpurea (Loranthaceae), a parasitic plant of the tea plant Thea sinensis (Theaceae). Among these constituents, it was found that the alkynic fatty acid octadeca-8,10,12-triynoic acid (6) exhibits a more potent inhibitory effect on cancer cell invasion in vitro than flavanes [(+)-catechin (13), (-)-epicatechin (14), (-)-epicatechin-3-O-gallate (15) and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-O-gallate (16)].  (+info)

A phase II trial of green tea in the treatment of patients with androgen independent metastatic prostate carcinoma. (7/234)

BACKGROUND: Recent laboratory and epidemiologic studies have suggested that green tea has antitumor effects in patients with prostate carcinoma. This Phase II trial explored green tea's antineoplastic effects in patients with androgen independent prostate carcinoma. METHODS: This study, which was conducted by the North Central Cancer Treatment Group, evaluated 42 patients who were asymptomatic and had manifested, progressive prostate specific antigen (PSA) elevation with hormone therapy. Continued use of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonist was permitted; however, patients were ineligible if they had received other treatments for their disease in the preceding 4 weeks or if they had received a long-acting antiandrogen therapy in the preceding 6 weeks. Patients were instructed to take 6 grams of green tea per day orally in 6 divided doses. Each dose contained 100 calories and 46 mg of caffeine. Patients were monitored monthly for response and toxicity. RESULTS: Tumor response, defined as a decline >/= 50% in the baseline PSA value, occurred in a single patient, or 2% of the cohort (95% confidence interval, 1-14%). This one response was not sustained beyond 2 months. At the end of the first month, the median change in the PSA value from baseline for the cohort increased by 43%. Green tea toxicity, usually Grade 1 or 2, occurred in 69% of patients and included nausea, emesis, insomnia, fatigue, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and confusion. However, six episodes of Grade 3 toxicity and one episode of Grade 4 toxicity also occurred, with the latter manifesting as severe confusion. CONCLUSIONS: Green tea carries limited antineoplastic activity, as defined by a decline in PSA levels, among patients with androgen independent prostate carcinoma.  (+info)

Hydroxysulochrin, a tea pollen growth inhibitor from the fungus Aureobasidium sp. (8/234)

A new plant growth regulator, hydroxysulochrin (1), together with sulochrin (2) was isolated from the culture filtrate of Aureobasidium sp. grown on a malt extract medium. The structures of 1 and 2 were established by spectroscopic methods. 1 and 2 inhibited tea pollen tube growth by 41% and 36% of the control value at a concentration of 100 mg/l, respectively. However, 1 and 2 showed no inhibitory effect on the growth of lettuce seedlings from 0.1 mg/l to 100 mg/l.  (+info)

Ing Camellia sinensis ing species ning tanaman nung nu gagawan de ing pikabaluan a inuman a tsa. Kayabe ya king genus a Camellia (simplified Chinese: 茶花; traditional Chinese: 茶花; pinyin: Cháhuā, literal a kabaldugan: sampagang tsa), a genus of flowering plants in the family Theaceae. Deng White tea, yellow tea, green tea, oolong, pu-erh tea ampong black tea are all ibat la ngan king species a ini, oneng dadalan la kareng miayaliwang prosesu ba rong dasan deng miayaliwang ketasan o lebel ning oxidation. Ing Kukicha (twig tea) mapupupul ya mu naman king Camellia sinensis, oneng sanga ampong tangke ing gagamitan para kaniti, at e bulung. Adwa la reng manimunang uri o varieties a gagamitan para king tsa, ing Chinese tea, Camellia sinensis var. sinensis, ampo ing Assam tea, Camellia sinensis var. assamica.[1] ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Flavonoids from Camellia sinensis (L.)O. Kuntze seed ameliorates TNF-α induced insulin resistance in HepG2 cells. AU - Chen, Fu Chih. AU - Shen, Kuo Ping. AU - Ke, Liang Yin. AU - Lin, Hui Li. AU - Wu, Chia Chang. AU - Shaw, Shyh Yu. PY - 2019/5. Y1 - 2019/5. N2 - The aim of this study is to discuss the non-catechin flavonoids (NCF)from Camellia sinensis (L.)O. Kuntze seed improving TNF-α impaired insulin stimulated glucose uptake and insulin signaling. Flavonoids had anti-metabolic syndrome and anti-inflammatory properties. It had widely been known for biological activity of catechins in tea, but very few research reports discussed the biological activity of non-catechin flavonoids in tea seed. We used HepG2 cell to treat with 5 μM insulin or with 5 μM insulin + 30 ng/ml TNF-α. Detecting the glucose concentration of medium, insulin decreased the glucose levels of medium meant that insulin promoted glucose uptake into cells, but TNF-α inhibited the glucose uptake effect of ...
Tea (|i|Camellia sinensis|/i|) is a popular beverage all over the world and a number of studies have focused on the genetic uniqueness of tea and its cultivars. However, molecular mechanisms underlying these phenomena are largely undefined. In this report, based on expression data available from public databases, we performed a series of analyses to identify genes probably relevant to the uniqueness of |i|C. sinensis|/i| and two of its cultivars (LJ43 and ZH2). Evolutionary analyses showed that the evolutionary rates of genes involved in the pathways were not significantly different among |i|C. sinensis|/i|, |i|C. oleifera|/i|, and |i|C. azalea|/i|. Interestingly, a number of gene families, including genes involved in the pathways synthesizing iconic secondary metabolites of tea plant, were significantly upregulated, expressed in |i|C. sinensis|/i| (LJ43) when compared to |i|C. azalea|/i|, and this may partially explain its higher content of flavonoid, theanine, and caffeine. Further investigation
Botanical Name: Camellia sinensis (Green Tea) seed oilExtraction Method: Cold Pressed Obtained From: Seeds of the Camellia sinensis (Green Tea) plant.Colour: Yellow to golden yellow liquid. Aromatic Description: Has very little scent, characteristic of most carrier oils. 50mlNaturally rich in anti-oxidants including Vi
Tea plants (Camellia sinensis) are well known for their ability to accumulate high concentrations of aluminium (Al). Aluminium distribution in tea leaves has been previously estimated on a qualitative basis using energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDXMA). However, no comprehensive studies have been earned out to quantitatively determine the distribution of Al, especially in young leaves which are used for the manufacture of commercial tea. Cuttings of C. sinensis var. sinensis grown in acidic soil were collected and young and old leaves were used for analysis. Total Al concentrations in young and old leaves were 380 and 6866 μg·g-1, respectively. The leaves were freeze-fractured and the quantitative distribution of Al and other elements such as Mg, Ca and K was determined using EDXMA. In the young and old leaves Al was found to be preferentially accumulated in the upper epidermis. In particular, Al was accumulated in the cell walls, which had significantly higher levels than the vacuoles ...
ABSTRACT. A novel form of hydroponic culture was employed to explore the physiological function of roots of a tea plant (Camellia sinensis). The pH of the nutrient solution with an actively growing tea plant decreased during cultivation. Furthermore, no oxalic acid, tartaric acid, malic acid or citric acid, all possible factors in acidification, was detected in the nutrient solution of a growing plant. A proton pump inhibitor suppressed the acidification of the solution. Soil acidification might have been accelerated with a proton released from ammoniacal nitrogen preferentially for the growth, suggesting the specific mechanism of tea plant as a functional food.. 1. Introduction. Plants use unique physiological functions and growth characteristics to protect themselves against natural enemies and environmental stress such as draught and chemicals. The roots of a plant play an important role in growth, and they are related to the biosynthesis that adds to the plants leaves. It is well known that ...
Studies published in 2013 added to the growing body of evidence showing that tea consumption has the ability to help prevent chronic illness (More evidence shows drinking tea improves health, Organic & Wellness News Spring 2014) and now a new study published in the journal of Food Chemistry (Vol 169, February 2015) by Hajighaalipour et al, Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Malaya, Malaysia points to the cancer fighting properties of white tea (Camellia sinensis). Highlights of the study included that white tea (Camellia sinensis) had high total flavonoid and phenolic content; the extract of white tea showed high antioxidant activity; inhibited the proliferation of HT-29 colon cancer cells; and showed protection against H2O2-induced DNA damage.. Tea (Camellia sinensis) is one of the most consumed beverages in the world. White tea is made from the buds and young leaves of the tea plant which are steamed and dried, whilst undergoing minimal oxidation.. ...
Camellia sinensis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 2.5 m (8ft) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in leaf all year, in flower from March to May. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The plant is not self-fertile. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid and neutral soils and can grow in very acid soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland). It prefers moist soil.
Tea plant is known to be a hyper-accumulator of fluoride (F). Over-intake of F has been shown to have adverse effects on human health, e.g., dental fluorosis. Thus, understanding the mechanisms fluoride accumulation and developing potential approaches to decrease F uptake in tea plants might be beneficial for human health. In the present study, we found that pretreatment with the anion channel inhibitor NPPB reduced F accumulation in tea plants. Simultaneously, we observed that NPPB triggered Ca2+ efflux from mature zone of tea root and significantly increased relative CaM in tea roots. Besides, pretreatment with the Ca2+ chelator (EGTA) and CaM antagonists (CPZ and TFP) suppressed NPPB-elevated cytosolic Ca2+ fluorescence intensity and CaM concentration in tea roots, respectively. Interestingly, NPPB-inhibited F accumulation was found to be significantly alleviated in tea plants pretreated with either Ca2+ chelator (EGTA) or CaM antagonists (CPZ and TFP). In addition, NPPB significantly depolarized
China Polyphenols 25%, 40% Black Tea Extract, Find details about China Black Tea Extract, Camellia Sinensis O. Ktze. from Polyphenols 25%, 40% Black Tea Extract - Kingherbs Limited
Growing Tea Plants The tea plant (Camellia sinensis) is an evergreen shrub, the leaves of which are dried and fermented to make the beverage tea. Tea plants are grown worldwide and have been cultivated by human beings for thousands of years. Size Tea plants can be maintained at 5-7. Grow your tea plant to the desire
camellia sinensis definition: a tropical evergreen shrub or tiny tree thoroughly cultivated in e.g. Asia and Japan and Asia; way to obtain tea leaves; a tropical evergreen shrub or little tree thoroughly…
The present study was designed to investigate the antidepressant potential of ethanolic extract of leaves and buds of Camellia sinensis (White tea) at 300 mg/kg doses in mice and antibacterial potential by disc diffusion method. Antidepressant activity of the ethanolic extract of white tea (EEWT) was assessed by using hole cross test, open field test and thiopental induced sleeping time test in swiss albino mice. The efficacy of extract (300mg/kg) was compared with standard anxiolytic drugs diazepam (1mg/kg) orally. The extract increased the locomotor activity of mice in open field and hole-cross test significantly (p,0.05). Moreover, the extract significantly (p,0.05) maximized onset of sleep and minimized the duration of sleeping time when administered with thiopental sodium. On the other hand, to determine antibacterial activities, the extract was tested against two Gram positive and five Gram negative bacteria at three concentrations (200, 300, 500μg/disc) through disc diffusion method. The ...
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Uurivad loodust, armastuse olemust! MELLand osaleb 100% loodusliku rohelise tee ekstrakti pulber polüfenoolid 90% (50% EGCG), tuletatud roheline tee (camellia sinensis) lehtede tuua tagatud kvaliteedi ja inimeste elu. Tulla ja proovida meie kohandatud teenuseid ja saada tasuta proovi tooteid tehasest.
The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Camellia sinensis . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles ...
This study aimed to develop and to characterize fermented dairy beverage formulated with Camellia sinensis. The infusion was elaborated with the addiction of de...
The Effect of Camellia sinensis on Wound Healing Potential in an Animal Model. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
(Camellia Sinensis) C. (AR). (SA). (LA). (TL). =n2. (CI). DNA. G. G. %TF. G. G. L/S TL DRL. Slideshow 6846763 by erin-bolton
Tea from the tea plant, Camellia sinensis, helps to maintain cholesterol levels that are already within the normal range. Yunnan tuocha tea, in particular, has been researched for its health promoting properties. The Chinese attribute special qualities and health benefits to Yunnan tuocha tea. Traditionally, this mild and delicious black tea was used to help promote healthy digestion, especially of fat, and balance health. Green, black and oolong teas, cha, all are made from the tea plant, Camellia sinensis. Yunnan tuocha tea, however, is one of a few teas known as pu-er cha, made from an ancient subspecies of the tea plant, Camellia sinensis assamica. It is grown in the Yunnan province of southern China. Tuo cha means bowl-shaped tea. It refers to the method of shaping the pu-er tea during drying. Experts recommend drinking three cups of this tea everyday. Enjoy it hot or iced. Drink it as is, or try adding lemon and your favorite sweetener. Also, drink any of Triple Leaf Teas green, white or
Liu, M.-Y.; Burgos, A.; Zhang, Q.; Tang, D.; Shi, Y.; Ma, L.; Yi, X.; Ruan, J.: Analyses of transcriptome profiles and selected metabolites unravel the metabolic response to NH4+ and NO3− as signaling molecules in tea plant (Camellia sinensis L.). Scientia Horticulturae 218, S. 293 - 303 (2017 ...
Promotes Relaxation* Healthy Vascular Function* L-Theanine is a unique amino acid found naturally in the tea plant (Camellia sinensis). L-Theanine promotes relaxation while maintaining alertnes
HAYACIBARA, Mitsue Fujimaki; QUEIROZ, Celso Silva; TABCHOURY, Cínthia Pereira Machado e CURY, Jaime Aparecido. Fluoride and aluminum in teas and tea-based beverages. Rev. Saúde Pública [online]. 2004, vol.38, n.1, pp.100-105. ISSN 0034-8910. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102004000100014.. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate fluoride and aluminum concentration in herbal, black, ready-to-drink, and imported teas available in Brazil considering the risks fluoride and aluminum pose to oral and general health, respectively. METHODS: One-hundred and seventy-seven samples of herbal and black tea, 11 types of imported tea and 21 samples of ready-to-drink tea were divided into four groups: I-herbal tea; II-Brazilian black tea (Camellia sinensis); III-imported tea (Camellia sinensis); IV-ready-to-drink tea-based beverages. Fluoride and aluminum were analyzed using ion-selective electrode and atomic absorption, respectively. RESULTS: Fluoride and aluminum levels in herbal teas were very low, but high amounts were ...
L-Theanine from Source Naturals is a dietary supplement featuring this unique amino acid found almost exclusively in the tea plant (Camellia sinensis) and is the primary ingre...
Volatile Glycosylation in Tea Plants: Sequential Glycosylations for the Biosynthesis of Aroma β-Primeverosides Are Catalyzed by Two Camellia sinensis GlycosyltransferasesVolatile Glycosylation in Tea Plants: Sequential Glycosylations for the Biosynthesis of Aroma β-Primeverosides Are Catalyzed by Two Camellia sinensis GlycosyltransferasesAA12046875 ...
This is a list of Chinese teas. Chinese tea is a beverage made from the leaves of tea plants (Camellia sinensis) and - depending on the type of tea - typically 60-100 °C hot water. Tea leaves are processed using traditional Chinese methods. Chinese tea is drunk throughout the day, including during meals, as a substitute for plain water, for health, or for simple pleasure. ...
Scientists from Anhui Agricultural University in China performed long-read transcriptome sequencing of the tea plant Camellia sinensis to better understand its production of flavonoids, theanine, and caffeine. They used PacBio sequencing with BluePippin size selection.. Citation: ...
BACKGROUND: Drought stress is one of the major natural challenges in the main tea-producing regions of China. The tea plant (Camellia sinensis) is a traditional beverage plant whose growth status directly affects tea quality. Recent studies have revealed that microRNAs (miRNAs) play key functions in plant growth and development. Although some miRNAs have been identified in C. sinensis, little is known about their roles in the drought stress response of tea plants. RESULTS: Physiological characterization of Camellia sinensis Tieguanyin under drought stress showed that the malondialdehyde concentration and electrical conductivity of leaves of drought-stressed plants increased when the chlorophyll concentration decreased under severe drought stress ...
Shakespeare, Macbeth. Although that line from the Bard refers to sleep, it could well be pressed into service to pertain to tea, as we shall try to show in a new series of essays of which this is the first.. These are perhaps fanciful images but to many of us tea is nourisher and natures second course.. True Tea is Camellia sinensis. Tea sensu strictu, the tea laden with proven healthful attributes, comes from the terminal shoots of the tea plant which in botanical taxonomy is Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze (family Theaceae). No other species of plant gives the true tea that feeds a huge global demand.. The Types of Made Tea. Tea may be drunk hot, or cooled, or ice-cold, with or without milk and sugar, depending on preference and circumstances, but it is initially a hot-water extract of the processed C. sinensis shoots (ideally, the topmost two immature leaves and terminal bud). The processing (or manufacture) of the shoots is carried out to varying degrees and by different steps, ...
L-Theanine Helps Reduce Anxiety * 200 mg Tablets L-Theanine is a unique amino acid found almost exclusively in the tea plant (Camellia sinensis) and is the primary ingredient contributing to the unusual taste of green tea. Animal studies have shown that L-theanine crosses the blood brain barrier, increases dopamine and GABA levels in the brain, and inhibits the stimulatory properties of caffeine. Human studies have shown that taking L-theanine results in the emission of brain waves associated with a state of relaxation. Supplement Facts for 200 mcg Tablet Serving Size: 1 tablet(s) Amount Per Serving - % Daily Value Calcium 76 mg 10% L-Theanine 200 mg Other Ingredients: dibasic calcium phosphate, microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate, stearic acid, colloidal silicon dioxide, modified cellulose gum, and hydroxypropyl cellulose. Warning: Not for use by pregnant, may become pregnant, or breastfeeding women, infants, or children. If you are taking any antidepressant drugs,
Study details​. Basu and her co-workers recruited 35 obese people with MetS to participate in their randomised controlled trial. The participants, who had an average age of 42.5, were randomly assigned to consume four cups of green tea, two capsules of green tea extracts, or four cups of water per day for eight weeks. Both sources of green tea (Camellia sinensis​) were decaffeinated, and provided an average daily dose of about 450 mg of EGCG. At the end of the study, Basu and her co-workers did not observe any differences in the various features of MetS, such as biomarkers of inflammation. However, both green tea interventions reduced levels of amyloid alpha compared to the control group, said the researchers. Specifically, the green tea drink reduced amyloid alpha levels by 14.5 per cent, while the extract reduced levels by 24.6 per cent after eight weeks. To our knowledge, this is the first study investigating the effects of decaffeinated green tea supplementation on biomarkers of ...
In order to exploit tea plant flower resources, studies on the biochemical constituents and contents of 8 tea cultivars flowers were carried out. The contents ...
Green Tea contains a proprietary blend of Green Tea Extract (Camellia Sinensis), Caffeine Anhydrous, Calcium Carbonate, Maltodextrin, Vitamin B6 (as Pyridoxine Hydrochloride), Silicon Dioxide, Magnesium Stearate, Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, Glycerine, Carnauba Wax, Bladderwrack Extract, Ginger Root Extract, Guarana Extract, Uva Ursi Extract, Chromium Picolinate. This is produced by steaming fresh leaves at high temperature. During this process, important molecules called polyphenols are maintained properly which may help in prevention of inflammation and swelling.. Benefits of Ingredients:. · Camellia Sinensis : Green tea capsules is very unique product of its kind that is as rich in concentrated polyphenols due to presence of this high quality ingredient, which are the active ingredients of Green Tea and has been found in scientific studies to be a potent antioxidant. These ingredients are also found to be effective in reducing the risk of cancer of the stomach, lung, colon, rectum, liver ...
Oolong Tea Weight Loss: What You Need To Get Where You Want To Be. Oolong tea weight loss is a great product that certainly could help you to lose a substantial amount of weight. It is a tea that hails from China, and its name in English means black dragon tea. It is produced by being left out in the sun until it starts to whiter and oxidize.. It is a very high quality tea, which is extremely well known and greatly appreciated by tea aficionados in south China, and by Chinese citizens that live throughout Southeast Asia. The taste of Oolong tea can vary greatly, depending on the variety of the plant that the tea leaves come from that are used to produce the different types of it.. Some Oolong teas taste very fruity and sweet, and have a honey type of aroma. While other types can be very thick, and come with a woody and roasted smell. Still other kinds smell like flowers, and taste extremely green or fresh. It really all comes down to the manufacturers preference, and the style of production ...
Lysine crotonylation, as a novel evolutionarily conserved type of post-translational modifications, is ubiquitous and essential in cell biology. However, its functions in tea plants are largely unknown, and the full functions of lysine crotonylated proteins of tea plants in nitrogen absorption and assimilation remains unclear. Our study attempts to describe the global profiling of nonhistone lysine crotonylation in tea leaves and to explore how ammonium (NH4+) triggers the response mechanism of lysine crotonylome in tea plants. Here, we performed the global analysis of crotonylome in tea leaves under NH4+ deficiency/resupply using high-resolution LC-MS/MS coupled with highly sensitive immune-antibody. A total of 2288 lysine crotonylation sites on 971 proteins were identified, of which contained in 15 types of crotonylated motifs. Most of crotonylated proteins were located in chloroplast (37%) and cytoplasm (33%). Compared with NH4+ deficiency, 120 and 151 crotonylated proteins were significantly changed
Potable tea as a water infusion of young leaves from the tea tree (botanical name Camellia sinensis) is one of natures health beverages.. Its multi-molecular chemical composition provides a recreational drink with a variety of beneficial effects. Besides nourishing the body, tea may act as a benign cardiovascular and neural stimulant, a coolant, or cariostatic mouthwash. Consequently, tea is very popular - apart from water, it is the most widely consumed liquid beverage worldwide.[1]. Natural tea (infusions of the leaves of Camellia sinensis) contains cations, trace elements and organic molecules which impart its aroma, flavour and color. Added substances like bergamot oil in Earl Grey may modify the characteristics - these chemicals also have physiological effects on mammalian cells and metabolism.. Health claims have been made surrounding tea drinking for many years; some of them beneficial, others confusing. For example, a contemporary Korean chocolate manufacturer includes tea extract in ...
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Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Introduction. As a result of the ban on the use of antibiotic growth promoters in animal diets in the European Union as from January 2006, and the growing pressure on livestock producers in other parts of the world, alternative substances and strategies for animal growth promotion are being investigated. In this context, phytogenic and herbal products have received increased attention, because as natural additives they have a high acceptability amongst consumers (Toghyani et al. 2010). Phytogenic feed additives (also called phytobiotics or botanicals) are commonly defined as plant-derived compounds. They are incorporated into diets to improve the productivity of livestock through amelioration of feed properties, promotion of the animals production performance, and the quality of food derived from those animals (Windisch et al. 2007). Phytogenic feed additives comprise a wide variety of herbs (flowering, non-woody and non-persistent plants), spices (herbs with an intense smell or taste commonly ...
Green Tea (Camellia sinensis) extract is extremely rich in biologically active polyphenols, the most representative of which is Epigallocatechin 3-O gallate (EGCG), but it also contains other polyphenols belonging to the same chemical group. When topically applied on the skin in human clinical testing, green tea polyphenols have been reported to prevent UVB induced redness and DNA challenge.. ...
Certified organic teas are grown without pesticides or chemical fertilizers. They are certified organic by the Ecocert organization.
Certified organic teas are grown without pesticides or chemical fertilizers. They are certified organic by the Ecocert organization.
Czech, Russian, Slovenian), caje zelen (Czech), cajnoe derevo (Russian), cajovn k c nsk (Czech), camellia, Camellia assamica, Camellia sinensis, Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze, camellia tea, Camellia thea, Camellia theifera, catechins, ay (Turkish), cha (Chinese, Thai, Japanese, Korean, Sinhalese, Urdu), ch (Portuguese - Brazil), cha no ki (Japanese), chaa (Hindi), chaay (Hindi, Sinhalese), ch -da- ndia (Portuguese), chaha (Kannada), chai (Hindi, Russian), chainoe derevo (Russian), ch -preto (Brazilian), chay (Persian, Urdu), chaya (Tamil), Chinese rea, Chinesischer Thee (German), chiya (Nepali), EGC, EGCG, epicatechin gallate, epicatechins, epigallocatechin, (-)-epigallocatechin, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, gamma-aminobutyric acid, green tea extract, GTE, herbata chinska (Polish), hiina teep sas (Estonian), Hydroxycut , ichibi (Japanese), Japanese tea, kamelia (Polish), lignin, lotus-f3, L-theanine, matcha, matcha green tea, matsu-cha tea, methylated EGCG, methylxanthine, nok cha (Korean), ...
Objective: The objective of this study was to compare the antimicrobial effect of mouthwashes containing Calendula officinalis L., Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze and 0.12% chlorhexidine digluconate on the adherence of microorganisms to suture materials after extraction of unerupted third molars. Material and Methods: Eighteen patients with unerupted maxillary third molars indicated for extraction were selected (n=6 per mouthwash). First, the patients were subjected to extraction of the left tooth and instructed not to use any type of antiseptic solution at the site of surgery (control group). After 15 days, the right tooth was extracted and the patients were instructed to use the Calendula officinalis, Camellia sinensis or chlorhexidine mouthwash during 1 week (experimental group). For each surgery, the sutures were removed on postoperative day 7 and placed in sterile phosphate-buffered saline. Next, serial dilutions were prepared and seeded onto different culture media for the growth of the ...
Camellia sinensis is a well-known plant used for health purposes due to its high phenolic compound content and antioxidant properties. For the first time, the infusion of green tea has allowed the growth and stabilization of silver nanowires (AgNWs). Two commercial types of green tea leaf extracts were used for the
Phyllostachis Bambusoides Juice, Alcohol, Glycerin, Propanediol, Butylene Glycol, Squalane, Peg/Ppg-17/6 Copolymer, Cyclopentasiloxane, Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract, Pentaerythrityl Tetraethylhexanoate, Dimethicone, Niacinamide, Acetyl Glucosamine, Betaine, Opuntia Coccinellifera Fruit Extract, Glycine Soja (Soybean) Seed Extract, Nelumbo Nucifera Flower Extract, Hydrolyzed Phyllostachis Bambusoides, Hydrolyzed Camellia Sinensis Leaf, Theanine, Epigallocatechin Gallate, Kaempferol, Camellia Sinensis Flower Extract, Natto Gum, Caffeine, Beta-Glucan, Sodium Hyaluronate, Cyclohexasiloxane, Methyl Gluceth-20, Pca Dimethicone, Polymethylsilsesquioxane, Tocopherol, Phytantriol, C12-16 Alcohols, Bis-Peg-18 Methyl Ether Dimethyl Silane, Hydroxypropyl Starch Phosphate, Stearyl Behenate, Dimethiconol, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Polysorbate 20, Carbomer, Palmitic Acid, Hydrogenated Lecithin, Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer, Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) ...
Phyllostachis Bambusoides Juice, Butylene Glycol, Water, Alcohol, Glycerin, Butylene Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate, Dimethicone, Pentaerythrityl Tetraethylhexanoate, Squalane, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract, Cetearyl Alcohol, C14-22 Alcohols, Opuntia Coccinellifera Fruit Extract, Glycine Soja (Soybean) Seed Extract, Nelumbo Nucifera Flower Extract, Hydrolyzed Phyllostachis Bambusoides, Hydrolyzed Camellia Sinensis Leaf, Sodium Hyaluronate, Beta-Glucan, Hydroxypropyl Bispalmitamide Mea, Theanine, Camellia Sinensis Flower Extract, Kaempferol, Epigallocatechin Gallate, Xylitylglucoside, Anhydroxylitol, Xylitol, Stearyl Behenate, Cyclopentasiloxane, Cetearyl Olivate, Stearic Acid, Sorbitan Olivate, Dimethiconol, Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil, Propanediol, Glyceryl Stearate, Peg-100 Stearate, Polyacrylate-13, C12-20 Alkyl Glucoside, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Polyglyceryl-3 Methylglucose Distearate, Polyisobutene, Tocopherol, ...
Green tea (Camellia sinensis) is rich in catechins, of which (−)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the most abundant. Studies in animal models of carcinogenesis have shown that green tea and EGCG can inhibit tumorigenesis during the initiation, promotion and progression stages. Many potential mechanisms have been proposed including both antioxidant and pro-oxidant effects, but questions remain regarding the relevance of these mechanisms to cancer prevention. In the present review we will discuss the redox chemistry of the tea catechins and the current literature on the antioxidant and pro-oxidative effects of the green tea polyphenols as they relate to cancer prevention. We report that although the catechins are chemical antioxidants which can quench free radical species and chelate transition metals, there is evidence that some of the effects of these compounds may be related to induction of oxidative stress. Such pro-oxidant effects appear to be responsible for the induction of apoptosis ...
A 2009 meta-analysis of 12 studies indicated a borderline significant association between highest green tea consumption and reduced risk of lung cancer, and an increase in green tea consumption of two cups/day was associated with an 18% decreased risk of developing lung cancer.8 A newly published systematic review only included 5 human-related studies, and found insufficient evidence to support green tea use for preventing lung cancer.9 Another meta-analysis of 6 cohort/case control studies published in 2012 found significant nonlinear dose-response relationship between green tea consumption and risk of lung cancer, showing favourable effect of green tea consumption especially when the dose was more than 7 cups per day.10 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Protective effects of camellia oil (Camellia brevistyla) against indomethacin-induced gastrointestinal mucosal damage in vitro and in vivo. AU - Wang, Ruei Yu. AU - Tung, Yu Tang. AU - Chen, Sheng Yi. AU - Lee, Ya Lin. AU - Yen, Gow Chin. PY - 2019/11/1. Y1 - 2019/11/1. N2 - Accumulating evidence reveals that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as indomethacin, cause oxidative stress and inflammation, which consequently cause gastrointestinal (GI) mucosal damage. Camellia oil, a common edible oil used in Asia, has excellent antioxidative and anti-inflammatory characteristics. Herein, we examined the benefits and protective effects of camellia oil in indomethacin-induced human intestinal Int-407 cells and a mouse model of indomethacin-induced gastric mucosal damage. Camellia oil pretreatment significantly increased cell viability and wound healing and reduced reactive oxygen species production in indomethacin-induced Int-407 cells. In vivo experiments revealed that ...
Tea plants (Camellia sinensis L.) possess high genetic diversity that is important for breeding. One cultivar, Baijiguan, exhibits a yellow leaf phenotype, reduced chlorophyll (Chl) content and aberrant chloroplast structures under high light intensity. In contrast, under low light intensity, the flush shoot from Baijiguan becomes green, the Chl content increases significantly, and the chloroplasts exhibit normal structures. To understand the underlying molecular mechanisms for these observations, we performed de novo transcriptome sequencing and digital gene expression (DGE) profiling using Illumina sequencing technology. De novo transcriptome assembly identified 88,788 unigenes, including 1652 transcription factors from 25 families. In total, 1993 and 2576 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified in Baijiguan plants treated with three and six days of shade, respectively. Gene Ontology (GO) and pathway enrichment analyses indicated that the DEGs are predominantly involved in the ROS
Tea ( Camellia sinensis L. (O) Kuntze) is one of the most widely consumed beverages worldwide. Tea growing areas in Kenya often experience drought periods which cause accumulated soil water deficit. These adversely affect tea production and hence necessitate a need to develop drought-adapted tea cultivars that can withstand the stress challenge. Development of such cultivars can be facilitated by better understanding of genetic mechanisms underlying tolerance of the tea plant to water deficit. Tea plants respond to water deficit through poorly understood molecular processes. The present study was therefore, designed with the objective of identifying genes putatively conferring tolerance in the tea plant. Drought tolerant (TRFCA SFS150) and susceptible (AHP S15/10) tea cultivars, both 18-month old, were each separately exposed to water stress or control conditions of 18% and 34% soil moisture content, respectively, for three months in a randomized complete block (RCB) design with three ...
Just like the roasting of the coffee bean produces different flavored coffees, the fermenting of tea leaves produces different flavors. There are four common types of tea made from the same plant. The evergreen shrub is native to China and India. The Camellia sinensis plant is made into white, green, oolong and black teas.. Each type of tea has its distinct flavor and health benefits. The teas are given their names according to the way they are processed. Studies are finding that all these tea types have heart health benefits. White tea is produced from the buds and leaves of the Camellia sinensis shrub. It is the least processed. The unfermented buds and leaves are immediately steamed.. It has the highest antioxidant properties. White tea not only has heart health benefits, but it also has more cancer-fighting potential than the other teas. Green tea is made from unfermented leaves. It is widely known to have heart health benefits. It is made from leaves that are streamed.. Green tea has more ...
WHAT IS BLACK TEA?. All tea comes from the leaves of one plant, Camellia sinensis, which is processed into four tea types: White, Green, Oolong and Black.. Regional conditions in the various tea-growing area of the world determine a teas profile, and one tea type can be quite different from another of its type in color, body, flavor and aroma.. In the case of Black Teas, the differences are noted in the names, which often are taken from the districts in the countries where they are grown. Variations include such names as Assam (India), Ceylon (Sri Lanka) and Yunnan (China).. For all four teas, the main point differentiating them comes from processing. After being picked from the Camellia sinensis plant, both White and Green Teas remain as unoxidized teas, Oolong Tea is partially oxidized, and Black Tea is fully oxidized. Oxidation occurs when enzymes in the tea leaves are released and the leaf responds to the oxygen in the environment, causing the leaves to turn a bright copper ...
Camellia Oil: Camellia Oil has been a Japanese beauty secret for centuries, and considered to be so beneficial and valuable that has become a symbol of wealth, virtue and happiness. It is made from cold pressed Japanese camellia (Tsubaki) buds, which is a member of the tea family. It is very lightweight and absorbs well. Camellia oil is lighter than oils such as shea butter and jojoba, and is hypoallergenic and will not clog skin pores. It is a superb daily moisturizer and emollient, protecting skin from chafing and drying out, and replenishes vital nutrients, as it offers a variety of healing, nourishing and stimulating properties to purify and protect the skin. It restores skins pH balance and shields skin from penetration of environmental pollutants. It acts as a natural sun block by forming a barrier against harmful UV rays. For men, Camellia oil is an excellent skin conditioner after shaving. Shaving is an exfoliant and may leave skin dry and sensitive. With regular application, the skin ...
Leading manufacturer of camellia seed oil/oily powder/micro-encapsulated camellia seed oil powder with annual capacity of 600mts, KOSHER, HALAL Certificates available. HSF Biotech is the key factory and supplier offering high quality and extensive range of camellia seed oil/oily powder/micro-encapsulated camellia seed oil powder products in bulk or wholesale type from China.
The Southern California Camellia Society was incorporated as a non-profit corporation in 1946 by a group of camellia lovers who wanted to share their enthusiasm about this evergreen plant with its beautiful blooms. Over the years those original founders and their successors have been instrumental in importing reticulatas from China, japonicas from Japan and, more recently, scions and seeds from China, Vietnam, Burma and other Asian countries. Interest grew and camellia hobbyists began meeting regularly to share information, camellia scions, good soil mix recipes, learn new ways to prune and graft and life-long friendships began. Camellia shows were started as another way to introduce the public to this delightful plant and provide opportunities for friendly competition among hobbyists. Shows and meetings are and have always been open to the public without charge. The Society has continued to meet on a regular basis and now meets at the Los Angeles County Arboretum in Arcadia. Descanso Gardens ...
Assam Tea Ingredients: Assam Black Tea, derived from the plant Camellia sinensis var. assamica Jasmine Tea Ingredients: Jasmine Tea derives from Green tea leaves Special Creamer Powder Ingredients: Creamer (Glucose Syrup, Hydrogenated Palm Kernel Oil, Potassium Citrate, Sodium Caseinate, Glycerin Fatty Acid Ester, Sili
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Scientists have shown that green tea extract can be considered a natural remedy, and can benefit cognitive functioning and memory - especially working memory (functional memory or short-term memory).. This tea is processed from the dried leaves of Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub. The teas that come from the same plant are green tea, black tea, and oolong tea. Green tea is prepared by steaming the freshly cut leaf. Green tea is consumed mostly in the following countries: China, Japan, and the countries of North Africa and the Middle East. Unlike black and oolong tea leaves, green tea leaves do not undergo a fermentation process. As a result, green tea has high levels of antioxidant compounds.. The people involved in this research conducted a study with the help of 12 healthy people to receive either a milk-based drink containing 27.5 grams of green tea extract or a milk-based drink without green tea. , while undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or magnetic resonance imaging ...
The chemical in chocolate thats poisonous to dogs. Also a chemical found in Green Tea. What is green tea and how is it different? There are three main varieties of tea -- green, black, and oolong
Although there are many legends about the discovery of tea, what is known for certain is that tea in its greenest and most natural form was discovered in China about 5,000 years ago. Unprocessed green tea leaves were used in Chinese medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including digestive problems, headaches, body aches, and weak immune systems. It was also used to improve overall well-being and life expectancy. For centuries, green tea was the only form of tea. The cultivation of green tea gradually spread to other Asian countries. To achieve the maximum therapeutic values of green tea for the skin and hair, it is imperative to ensure that the integrity of the plants nutrients are preserved. Fortunately, there are various ways to incorporate green tea as an additive in personal care products. The best way to take advantage of green tea in skin and hair care products is to incorporate it into formulas in extract form. In this way, the true essence of the green tea leaves can be
Background:Glucose regulated protein 78 (GRP78) functions as a sensor of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that molecules that bind to GRP78 induce the unfolded protein response (UPR) and enhance cell death in combination with ER stress inducers.Methods:Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), measurement of cell death by flow cytometry and the induction of ER stress markers using western blotting.Results:Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), a flavonoid component of Green Tea Camellia sinensis, and honokiol (HNK), a Magnolia grandiflora derivative, bind to unfolded conformations of the GRP78 ATPase domain. Epigallocatechin gallate and HNK induced death in six neuroectodermal tumour cell lines tested. Levels of death to HNK were twice that for EGCG; half-maximal effective doses were similar but EGCG sensitivity varied more widely between cell types. Honokiol induced ER stress and UPR as predicted from its ability to interact with GRP78, but EGCG was ...
This Bond Maintenance moisturizing and reparative conditioner is formulated with Olaplex Bond Building chemistry. It restores internal strength and moisture levels to add incredible shine and manageability. It is recommended for all hair types. The product is sulfate free,paraben free and Phthalate-Free. Ingredients: Water, Cetearyl Alcohol, PPG-3 Benzyl Ether Myristate, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Cetyl Alcohol,Octyldodecyl Ricinoleate, Quaternium-91, Cetrimonium Chloride, Divinyldimethicone/Dimethicone Copolymer, Behentrimonium Chloride, Glycerin, Cetyl Esters, Isododecane, Bis-Aminopropyl Diglycol Dimaleate, Fragrance, Panthenol, Phospholipids, Dimethicone PEG-7 Isostearate, Pseudozyma Epicola/Argania Spinosa Kernel Oil Ferment Filtrate, Pseudozyma Epicola/Camellia Sinensis Seed Oil Ferment Extract Filtrate, Tocopheryl Linoleate/Oleate, Quaternium-95, Propanediol, Punica Granatum Extract, Morinda Citrifolia Fruit Extract, PEG-8, Euterpe Oleracea Fruit Extract, Camellia Sinensis Seed Oil, ...
Camellia seed oil is high in oleic acid and linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid from the omega-3 group. It is higher in antioxidants than olive oil and is used in soap and cosmetics to help mature skin look more refined, and nourishes dry, mature skin for a more beautiful looking complexion. It is easily absorbed. Derived from the seeds of the Camellia sinensis plant ...
Camellia bushes are large shrubs (or small trees) that grow best in regions with cool, mild winters. The glossy, deep green leaves and ornamental flowers make them prized, slow-growing plants for gardens. Three camellia species are particularly common: Japanese camellia, sasanqua, and tea. All camellia plants have ...
Many other camellias are grown as ornamental plants for their flowers; about 3,000 cultivars and hybrids have been selected, many with double flowers. The Japanese Camellia - often simply called the camellia - is the most prominent species in cultivation, with over 2,000 named cultivars. Next are C. reticulata with over 400 named cultivars, and the Christmas Camellia with over 300 named cultivars. Popular hybrids include C. × hiemalis (C. japonica × C. sasanqua) and C. × williamsii (C. japonica × C. saluenensis). They are highly valued in Japan and elsewhere for their very early flowering, often among the first flowers to appear in the late winter. Late frosts can damage the flower buds, resulting in misshaped flowers ...
Camellia Plant - Camellia Japonica Lady Campbell 1 plant 3 litre. Visit our website today to see our full range of Camellia plants for sale online.
The Red List of Theaceae, the tea family, was published by the Global Trees Campaign today and identified more than a third of the worlds Theaceae species are threatened with extinction. Sadly, two species of tea, Franklinia alatamaha and Camellia amplexicaulis are already Extinct in the Wild, highlighting the urgent need for conservation action.. The report also found that Camellia sinensis, the source of much of the worlds tea, has been assessed as Data Deficient, due to a lack of available information on the species wild population, despite its global cultivation. Across the world, many people start their day with a warm cup of tea often derived from this species, or another close relative in the Camellia genus. Equally, many gardens have these showy flowers to give a burst of winter colour. However, the new Red List of Theaceae published today revealed that 45% of Camellia species are at risk of extinction in the wild.. Two-hundred and fifty-four Theaceae species were assessed for this ...
The common black elderberry (Sambucus nigra) has long been used for flu symptoms. Elderberry extract binds to the tiny spikes on a virus protein that are used to pierce and invade healthy cells and destroys them so that the virus is ineffective.. ECHINACEA. The herb Echinacea (Echinacea purpurea) is supportive of the immune system and has a direct anti-viral action against colds and viral bronchitis. Preparations that include both the roots and the flowering tops are the most effective at helping the body resist the viruses.. GARLIC. Garlic has been prized for its medicinal properties for thousands of years. The compounds allicin and alliion are responsible for this common plants reputation as a triple threat. Garlic is anti-viral, anti-bacterial and anti-fungal and it is especially effective against viruses if chewed raw.. GREEN TEA. Green tea (Camellia sinensis) contains a group of flavonoids called catechins, which appear to inhibit viral infections by blocking the enzymes that allow it to ...
Chamomile flowers. - Tea (Camellia sinensis) Especially useful for swollen eyes and dark circles when compounded by striations, fatigue or sleeplessness. (Wet compresses with the infusion of a spoonful of dried plant per cup of water). (A good trick to relax the eyes and prevent redness caused by conjunctivitis or dark circles is to apply the same bag of a tea infusion over your closed eyes for 10 minutes). - Witch hazel (Hamamelis virginiana) It is very important because of its anti-inflammatory properties. (Dilute a few drops of witch hazel extract in a compress and apply under eyes for 10 to 15 minutes. Sold in pharmacies or herbalists). - Almond (Prunus amygdalus) Almond oil helps to relax the skin and reduces dark circles caused by inflammation of the capillaries. (Wet the skin under the eyes with a little almond oil). - Cucumbers (Cucumis sativus) Cucumbers are very well known because of medicinal properties for skin care. Their pulp is a good anti edematous solution to reduce skin ...
Among the flavonoids, quercetin is possibly the most biologically active. Quercetin is the aglycone (noncarbohydrate portion) of rutin, quercetrin and other glycoside flavonoids. It is widely distributed in the plant kingdom including oak trees (Quercus spp.), onions (Allium cepa) and tea (Camellia sinensis). It has effects on many different enzymatic systems in the body, most of them via its interaction with the calcium-regulating enzyme calmodulin (3). Quercetins effect on allergies is unmatched by other natural substances. It inhibits phospholipase A (responsible for converting phospholipids into arachidonic acid), lipoxygenase (responsible for converting arachidonic acid into leukotrienes)(4), platelet aggregation, and mast cell and basophil degranulation (6,7). Quercetin has been shown to bind to calcium/calmodulin complexes, preventing the influx of calcium into mast cells and basophils (6,11). This inhibition prevents the mast cells from destabilizing and degranulating, keeping histamine ...
The Chinese have always been quite knowledgeable when it comes to all things medicinal. They have known about the health benefits of green tea for thousands of years and have been using it to aid digestion, increase longevity and cure headaches since ancient times. Here in the United States we have only recently developed an understanding of what green tea extract can do to boost our health. However, we are catching up so now it is possible to purchase a green tea extract product within minutes if you shop for it online.. How It Helps. Green tea is made by steaming the leaves of a plant called Camellia sinensis. Because of the way it is processed, the tea leaves retain their antioxidant and bioflavonoid chemicals. Therefore green tea extract fights free radicals, pro-oxidants and carcinogens in the body. This reduces the likelihood of developing certain types of cancer, combats the signs of ageing and boosts digestive and respiratory health. Green tea extract also has antibacterial properties ...
One of the most well-known of green teas is matcha. Youll find matcha lattes at trending coffeeshops all over the country.. Its famous for being the richest of green teas, packed with more nutrients and antioxidants than its counterparts. Its effectiveness derives from the whole leaf being used in making matcha green tea.. Most other green teas simply steep the leaves before consumption.. Matcha and all other green teas come from the same plant, the Camellia sinensis. However, because of the unique processing, matcha comes in powder form while all other are either in a tea bag or loose leaf.. Since it is so concentrated, most people only use between half and a full teaspoon to make a cup. Other green teas also undergo longer processing, including having the leaves dry in the sun.. However, matcha bushes are kept in the shade to optimize amino acid and chlorophyll levels. Although matcha and other green teas taste similar, matcha is richer and often described as buttery.. ...
An amino acid that produces tranquilizing effects in the brain, theanine found in green tea, has a significant clinical results for naturally calming as it promotes alpha brain waves, putting you in a state of relaxation without causing drowsiness, according to the study of L-theanine: properties, synthesis and isolation from tea Vuong QV, Bowyer MC, Roach PD., posted in Pubmed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21735448), researchers wrote that Theanine is a non-protein amino acid that occurs naturally in the tea plant (Camellia sinensis) and contributes to the favourable taste of tea. It is also associated with effects such as the enhancement of relaxation and the improvement of concentration and learning ability. . It also increases the dopamine levels in the brain, leading to a well-being feeling, according to the study of The neuropharmacology of L-theanine(N-ethyl-L-glutamine): a possible neuroprotective and cognitive enhancing agent by Nathan PJ, Lu K, Gray M, Oliver C., posted in ...
Green tea is extracted from the leaves of the Chinese Camellia sinensis plant. The leaves of the plant are heated either in steam or can be cooked in hot pans, instead of undergoing fermentation process. This procedure reduces oxidation, which is the real green tea benefit that we all should know today.. Health professionals suggest that daily intake of green tea can matter in a number of ways to maintain your health. Green tea contains concentrated proportions of EpiGalloCatechin-3-Gallate or EGCG, which is supposed to be an active ingredient for many of the green tea benefits.Health benefits of green tea that everybody can enjoy are endless points and here we have a few listing of them in a nut shell.. ...
Green Tea Found to Help Prevent Arteriosclerosis and Cancer, Researchers Say. Researchers at the University of California have also found both oolong and green tea to help prevent arteriosclerosis, which leads to heart disease. Green tea has also been shown in many studies to prevent cancer, and to inhibit the development of pre-cancerous lesions as well.. Green Tea Boosts Immune Function. The Camellia Sinensis plant is known to be antibacterial and antiviral*. So you can use your tea to apply directly to cuts and burns as well, including sunburns. And when drunk or taken as an extract, it seems to help boost your immune function*, probably because of its antimicrobial action.. Polyphenols in Green Tea Support Blood Pressure, Blood Sugar and More. Green tea is really a powerhouse of a beverage, and the polyphenols it contains have also been shown to support healthy blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol levels*. In addition, they have been shown to protect your DNA from damage that comes ...
How to care for a camellia bush. Native to Asia, the camellia bush is a small evergreen shrub that displays simple, serrated, alternately arranged, glossy leaves. The flowers are large and fabulous with six to nine petals, offering colors of white, pink, red and even yellow. This is an adored plant because a spectacular tea is created from its leaves. Also, by pressing the seeds from the plant, tea oil is provided which is used as cooking oil and sweet seasoning. The camellia bush is highly valued not only in Japan but everywhere else it is grown for their late winter flowering.
Camellia Plant Diseases and Spider Mites. Flowers are the crowning glory of camellia (Camellia spp.) shrubs. Glossy leaves provide the backdrop for single, double, picotee and bicolor blossoms in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness zones 6 through 9. Diseases that infect flowers, foliage, stems and roots attack ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - First report of Exobasidium gracile causing hypertrophied leaves of Camellia sasanqua in South Korea. AU - Lee, C. K.. AU - Lee, S. H.. AU - Shin, Hyeon-Dong. AU - Park, J. H.. PY - 2015/6/1. Y1 - 2015/6/1. N2 - This study presents the first report of Exobasidium gracile in South Korea. In 2012, a Camellia sasanqua tree with typical Exobasidium disease symptoms was observed for the first time in South Korea. The causal fungus was determined as E. gracile. The identification was based on host range, symptomatology, morphology and two-gene sequence analyses.. AB - This study presents the first report of Exobasidium gracile in South Korea. In 2012, a Camellia sasanqua tree with typical Exobasidium disease symptoms was observed for the first time in South Korea. The causal fungus was determined as E. gracile. The identification was based on host range, symptomatology, morphology and two-gene sequence analyses.. UR - ...
Amazing custom options for a wall scroll with Camellia in Chinese or Japanese. Learn how the name Camellia is written in Chinese and Japanese. Decorate your home with a cool wall scroll that says Camellia.
Amazing Vital of Jeju Camellia Purity Jeju Camellia extract & Camellia oil Contained Moisturizing & Nutrition Moist & Healthy skin care Premium moisturizing nutrition cream
University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture Cooperative Extension Service Horitculture Landscape Shrubs Sasanqua Camellia Camellia sasanqua
INCI name: Camellia sinensis. Green tea herbal extract powder contains amino acids and trace minerals and is rejuvenating, toning, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antioxidant and can be added to skin and hair care products.. Green tea extract is believed to be UV-protective and can be added to sunscreen and after-sun creams, gels and lotions. . Skin care preparations incorporating green tea can be used on the eye area, face, neck and hands, softening fine lines and wrinkles and improving the skin tone. Green tea herbal extract powder can be mixed into face masks for a toning, revitalising treatment.. Green tea herbal extract powder is water-soluble and should be added at the water stage of the cream, lotion or gel-making process. Index. share this: facebook ...
All true tea comes from one species of plant, Camellia sinensis, an evergreen bush that grows in tropical and subtropical climates. The Chinese claim the first cultivated tea plant, about 3,200 years ago and a Chinese legend claims the discovery of tea over 4,700 years ago. Even in ancient times it was claimed as a cure for a variety of illnesses and medical conditions.
Tea is harvested by plucking the bud and the first two leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. Depending on the methods used to process tea leaves, three different types of tea can then be produced: green, oolong, and black tea.. Generally, after harvesting, the leaves are rolled, disrupting the cellular compartmentation and bringing phenolic compounds into contact with the enzyme polyphenol oxidase. In the production of green tea, the rolled leaves are steamed or dried immediately to inactivate the enzyme and minimize oxidation. In contrast, to produce black tea, the rolled leaves undergo oxidation (fermentation) before drying. Oolong tea is produced similarly to black tea, deploying a shorter fermentation period.. Tea is known to have a highly complex chemical composition comprising diverse polyphenols, purine alkaloids, polysaccharides, amino acids, vitamins, lipids, and volatiles. The predominant polyphenols contained in green tea are catechins (flavan-3-ols) such as gallocatechin, ...
Matcha Green Tea can cause diarrhea? We all know that matcha is made of finest powder green tea that produced using the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant, similar types of plant used to make dark tea, white tea, or any different kinds of green tea. Different green tea made with entire leaves or leaf parts, matcha l
WHAT IS MATCHA? Doctor King Finest Ceremonial Grade Organic Japanese Matcha is an exquisite, finely milled green tea made from the finest, young, shade-grown leaves, which were selected during the first harvest from Camellia Sinensis plants grown in beautiful organic tea gardens in Japan. During cultivation, special covers were applied over the plants for more than twenty days to produce shade. Shade induces production of chlorophyll, L-theanine and other valuable nutrients in the leaves. Unlike other green teas (where after steeping the tea, the leaves are removed), the leaves are consumed in matcha green tea, with all their valuable nutrients. WHAT ARE THE HEALTH BENEFITS OF ORGANIC JAPANESE MATCHA? The health benefits include: [1] Matcha tea is a SUPER due to the high density of antioxidants. Research at the University of Colorado Colorado Springs, USA, indicates that Ceremonial Grade Japanese Matcha contains 137 times the epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) antioxidants of standard green tea, ...
Tea fans will always say green or black; both are much better than the mild sugary version we drink. While green infusion helps you lose weight, black tea gives you the boost of caffeine needed to make you feel renewed and rejuvenated. Both drinks are loaded with antioxidants and both improve health. Which would be advisable to drink?. The access point for any green or black tea are the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. Take the refreshing green drink; this beautiful and delicate infusion is also made of the same leaves. The difference lies in the treatment process. For some, the flavors are included in the oil of fruits, flowers or leaves, and for some, like black tea, the process to ferment it is longer.. For example, to get the best green tea, the leaves are picked first, dried and then heated using steam or cooking in the oven. The tea prevents the tea from oxidizing even more and also helps to retain the delicate flavor and shading. For black tea, instead of heating, the leaves are ...
What is kombucha?. Kombucha is a fermented sweet tea that is widely consumed for its health benefits. The fermentation process requires a SCOBY, a symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast. SCOBYs are also sometimes referred to as mothers (since they reproduce with each batch of kombucha brewed) or mushrooms (because of their appearance).. It is thought that kombucha originated in Asia around 200 BC. It was referred to as the Remedy for Immortality or the Tea of Immortality.. The health benefits of kombucha. Kombucha contains a significant amount of antioxidants, glucuronic acid, glucon acid, lactic acid, B vitamins, amino acids, and probiotics. These properties give kombucha a wide variety of health benefits:. Aids digestion. Probiotics and enzymes work wonders for the gutty-works.. Helps to boost the immune system. Kombucha is very rich in antioxidants, which strengthen the immune system and neutralize free radicals. Plus, 70% of our immune system is in the gut, which kombuchas ...
Camellia sinensis var. sinensis, which is used for most Chinese, Formosan and Japanese teas, and C. sinensis var. assamica, ... "Camellia Sinensis". Purdue University Center for New Crops and Plants Products. 3 July 1996. Archived from the original on 24 ... Camellia sinensis is an evergreen plant that grows mainly in tropical and subtropical climates. Some varieties can also ... These facts may prove that the place of origin of Camellia sinensis is in the area including the northern part of the Burma, ...
Camellia Sinensis. Tea ceremony lesson 7 - How to fold the white cloth chakin How to fold Chakin linen cloth. ...
Camellia sinensis). Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2006-12-12. James Norwood Pratt (May 2002). "The Dutch ...
The Camellia teapot is inspired by the flowers of Camellia Sinensis, the plant from China which gives us tea, and the Woodland ... "Camellia Sinensis (tea)". Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 14 May 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) " ...
Camellia sinensis var. sinensis was introduced to Nilgiri Mountains by the British in 1835 from seeds shipped from China. ... on the hillsides provides the high elevation drainage and conditions needed for Camellia sinensis var. sinensis to thrive. ... Camellia sinensis was first planted in the Nilgiri area in 1835. The British had been using the area as a hill station and, as ... While Camellia sinensis is cultivated in areas across the southern tip of India in the states of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and ...
Camellia sinensis var. waldenae (formerly Camellia waldenae) are also found on the mountain. A few types of wild orchids also ...
... or Camellia sinensis var assamica, but different from the Chinese version (Camellia sinensis var. sinensis). The intervention ... "Camellia sinensis var. assamica". ITI Standard Report Page. Retrieved 28 March 2009. Barua, D.N., Dr. (1989). Science and ... Assam tea is manufactured specifically from the plant Camellia sinensis var. assamica (Masters). Assam tea is indigenous to ... "Genetic diversity and differentiation of Camellia sinensis L. (cultivated tea) and its wild relatives in Yunnan province of ...
plumata and Camellia sinensis; Hainan) †Tuckerella fossilibus Khaustov, Sergeyenko & Perkovsky 2014 (Rovno amber) †Tuckerella ...
... has a climate and varied elevation that allows for the production of both Camellia sinensis var. assamica and Camellia sinensis ... sinensis, with the assamica varietal holding the majority of production. Tea production is one of the main sources of foreign ...
Larval food plant is Camellia sinensis. "Species Details: Thosea recta Hampson, 1893". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 29 June ...
The larvae feed on Camellia sinensis. tortricidae.com Five new Recorded Species of the Tribe Archipini (Lepidoptera: ...
Unachukwu, UJ; Ahmed, S; Kavalier, A; Lyles, JT (August 2010). "White and green teas (Camellia sinensis var. sinensis): ... White tea, like black and green tea, is made from the Camellia sinensis plant and contains polyphenols, a set of phytonutrients ... may refer to one of several styles of tea which generally feature young or minimally processed leaves of the Camellia sinensis ... Some tea from the related wild Camellia taliensis in Yunnan is made using white tea processing techniques. ...
Droppings of Andraca theae fed on Camellia sinensis. Many chemicals in plants have evolved to protect them from insects. ... Some examples include: Dongfang meiren, produced by Jacobiasca formosana leafhoppers fed on Camellia sinensis (true tea) Sanye ...
Larval host plants are Camellia sinensis and Albizia. "Species Details: Acanthopsyche subteralbata Hampson, 1897". Catalogue of ...
The larvae feed on Camellia sinensis and wild tea. The larvae attack the tea plants, making tight rolls of the bud and top ...
The caterpillar is a minor pest on Camellia sinensis. Caterpillars are primary hosts for many parasitoid wasps such as ...
Larval host plants are Camellia sinensis and Cinchona species. "Species Details: Psomocolax rhabdophora Hampson, 1893". ...
... is a type of tea that is made from Camellia sinensis leaves and buds that have not undergone the same withering and ... 2020). "Green tea (Camellia sinensis) for the prevention of cancer". Cochrane Database Syst Rev (Systematic review). 3: ... Javaid A, Bonkovsky HL (2006). "Hepatotoxicity due to extracts of Chinese green tea (Camellia sinensis): a growing concern". J ... Bonkovsky, Herbert L. (2006). "Hepatotoxicity Associated with Supplements Containing Chinese Green Tea (Camellia sinensis)". ...
The larvae feed within the seeds of Camellia sinensis. Beccaloni, G.; Scoble, M.; Kitching, I.; Simonsen, T.; Robinson, G.; ...
... and Camellia sinensis. Native to Africa and Yemen. Australia, first detected in Brisbane, Queensland in 2002. Surprisingly the ...
The law restricted the International trade of camellia sinensis.[citation needed] The 1897 statute superseded the Spurious Tea ...
Camellia sinensis) for the prevention of cancer". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 3: CD005004. doi:10.1002/ ...
... is a tea made from Camellia sinensis var. sinensis that is grown and processed in the Darjeeling or Kalimpong ... These are ideal conditions for the Camellia sinensis sinensis plant which flourishes with well-drained, slightly acidic soils, ... Camellia sinensis was first planted in the Darjeeling area in 1841 by Archibald Campbell who was working for the East India ... The Camellia sinensis seeds originally planted came from China but new plantings come predominately from saplings taken from a ...
Tea (Camellia sinensis) catechins have an affinity for human cannabinoid receptors. A widespread dietary terpene, beta- ...
The Japanese floral emblem of January is the camellia (Camellia sinensis).[citation needed] In Finnish, the month of tammikuu ...
Host plants of the caterpillar include Impatiens balsamina and Camellia sinensis. "Species Details: Loxofidonia cingala Moore, ...
Tea is a beverage made from the leaves of tea plants (Camellia sinensis) and boiled water. Tea leaves are processed using ... All of these come from varieties of the Camellia sinensis plant. Most Chinese teas are cultivated and consumed in China, in ...
Tea plants (Camellia sinensis) are also grown commercially in New Zealand. "Leptospermum scoparium". Germplasm Resources ...
Bot., 植物硏究雑誌) Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze ssp. buisanensis (Sasaki) Lu & Yang, Quarterly journal of Chinese forestry 20(1 ... "Wuwei camellia". Global Trees Campaign. 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2018. "Pyrenaria buisanensis (Sasaki) C.F. Hsieh, Sheng Z. ... Camellia buisanensis Sasaki, Transactions of the Natural History Society of Formosa 21: 222. 1931. (Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. ... Pyrenaria buisanensis (common name: Wuwei camellia) is a species of tea endemic to Taiwan. It was first described by the ...
Camellia sinensis sinensis vs. Camellia sinensis assamica) may differ in natural caffeine content. Younger leaves and buds ... Camellia sinensis) by hot water treatment". Food Chemistry. 101 (4): 1451-1456. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.03.054. Bu-Abbas, A ...
Camellia sinensis), nor with decaffeinated tea, in which the caffeine has been removed. Like beverages made from true teas, ...
All types of pu'er tea are created from máochá (毛茶), a mostly unoxidized green tea processed from Camellia sinensis var. ... wild species Camellia taliensis can command a much higher price than pu'er made from the more common Camellia sinensis.[33] ... "Phylogeography of Camellia taliensis (Theaceae) inferred from chloroplast and nuclear DNA: insights into evolutionary history ...
Camellia - camellias Camellia japonica - Japanese camellia; camellian rose Camellia sinensis - tea camellia; tea plant ... silky camellia Stewartia ovata - mountain stewartia Stewartia pseudocamellia - Japanese stewartia; deciduous camellia Jacquinia ... Canada yew Taxus chinensis - Chinese yew Taxus cuspidata - Japanese yew Taxus floridana - Florida yew Taxus globosa - Mexican ... Siebold's maple Acer sinense - Campbell's maple Acer skutchii - Skutch's maple Acer spicatum - mountain maple; moose maple Acer ...
It was discovered as a constituent of tea (Camellia sinensis) in 1949 and in 1950, a laboratory in Kyoto[5] successfully ... Y. Orihara; T. Furuya (1990). "Production of theanine and other γ-glutamyl derivatives by Camellia sinensis cultured cells". ... and white teas from Camellia sinensis in quantities of about 1% of the dry weight.[11][12] Deliberately shading tea plants from ... prolonged heating of Camellia extracts-possible for oversteeped teas and in undisclosed commercial preparative processes-has ...
Camellia sinensis (tea), Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco), and Cannabis (including hashish). Psychoactive plants have been used ...
Data related to Citrus sinensis at Wikispecies. *Citrus sinensis List of Chemicals (Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical ... AL Camellia, Oak-leaf hydrangea WF. *AK Forget-me-not. *AZ Saguaro cactus blossom ... The orange is the fruit of the citrus species Citrus × sinensis in the family Rutaceae, native to China.[1] It is also called ... "Citrus ×sinensis (L.) Osbeck (pro sp.) (maxima × reticulata) sweet orange". Plants.USDA.gov. Archived from the original on May ...
Camellia sinensis, the source of tea, is a small tree but seldom reaches its full height, being heavily pruned to make picking ...
Camellia sinensis) contain among the greatest measured concentrations of oxalic acid relative to other plants. However, the ...
ഈ നിരയിലെ ഏറ്റവും ഉപയോഗപ്രദമായ സസ്യം തേയില (Camellia sinensis) ആണ്. ഭക്ഷ്യയോഗ്യമായ ഫലങ്ങളിൽ കിവിഫ്രൂട്ട് (Actinidia deliciosa ...
... ti Camellia sinensis.[3] Kalpasan ti danum, ti tsa ket isu ti kaduan a maininum iti lubong.[4] Daytoy ket addaan ti ...
Chinese tea is a beverage made from the leaves of tea plants (Camellia sinensis) and - depending on the type of tea - typically ...
This article addresses effects only of tea made from the plant Camellia sinensis, including black tea, oolong tea, green tea, ... Although health benefits have been assumed throughout the history of using Camellia sinensis as a common beverage, there is no ...
exogen, Teepflanze (Camellia sinensis) [22] (−)-Epigallocatechin (EGC) 35,7 μM Agonist - - exogen, Teepflanze [22] ...
উইকিপ্রজাতিতে-এ বিষয় সম্পর্কিত তথ্যে রয়েছে: Camellia sinensis. *. "Camellia sinensis"। ইন্টিগ্রেটেড ট্যাক্সোনোমিক ইনফরমেশন ... চা গাছ বা ক্যামেলিয়া সাইনেনসিস (ইংরেজি: Camellia sinensis) এক ধরনের গাছ যার পাতা এবং কুঁড়ি বা মুকুল থেকে উৎপাদিত চা পানীয় ... "Camellia Sinensis". Purdue University Center for New Crops and Plants Products. Retrieved 2010-10-26 ... Jac.OxfordJournals.org, The effect of a component of tea (Camellia sinensis) on methicillin resistance in Staphylococcus. ...
Simaroubaceae family Ailanthus, Tree of heaven Theaceae (Camellia family) Gordonia, Gordonia Stewartia, Stewartia Thymelaeaceae ... Golden rain tree Litchi sinensis, Lychee Ungnadia speciosa, Mexican Buckeye Sapotaceae (Sapodilla family) Argania spinosa, ...
camellia sinensis. - Flower. hydrangea. Phone number. 548-23-0001. Address. 447 Shizunami, Makinohara-shi, Shizuoka-ken 421- ...
Camellia sinensis) and cocoa (Theobroma cacao). A small amount of theophylline is one of the products of caffeine metabolic ...
Camellia sinensis) catechins have an affinity for human cannabinoid receptors.[37] A widespread dietary terpene, beta- ...
... the sailors on the Endeavour used the leaves of a shrub from one of these groups as a replacement for tea Camellia sinensis ...
During shaded growth, the plant Camellia sinensis produces more theanine and caffeine. The powdered form of matcha is consumed ... Where leaves destined for tencha are picked on the tea bush (Camellia sinensis) is vital. ...
Tea plants (Camellia sinensis) are also grown commercially in New Zealand.. ReferencesEdit. *^ a b c "Leptospermum scoparium". ...
While most iced teas get their flavor from tea leaves (Camellia sinensis), herbal teas are sometimes served cold and referred ...
The fungus also causes a blight disease of the commercial tea plant, Camellia sinensis.[14] Symptoms of blight was observed in ... and Wisteria sinensis (Chinese Wisteria).[10] Initial lesions resemble small red spots around 2-5 mm particularly near the tips ...
Camellia sinensis L.): A UK based issue?". Food Research International. 51 (2): 564-570. doi:10.1016/j.foodres.2013.01.025.. ... Camellia sinensis L.) is a known accumulator of fluorine compounds, released upon forming infusions such as the common beverage ...
Camellia sinensis - leaf. The mean theobromine concentrations in cocoa and carob products are:[17] ...
Herbal teas are not made from Camellia sinensis and thus are not technically considered tea. ...
Tea (Camellia sinensis). Common varieties. Black tea. *Assam. *Bohea. *Ceylon. *Congou. *Darjeeling ...
It was found that out of Camellia sinensis (green tea), pine, persimmon, ginko, magnolia, and platanus that the magnolia leaf ...
formosana, Ericaulon chishingsanesis, Woodwardia harlandi, Cinnamomum austro-sinense, Mahonia japonica, Breischneidera sinensis ... kusanoi, Piper kawakamii, Reevesia formosana, Symplocos shilanensis, Camellia hengchunesis, Syzygium euphlebium, Syzygium ... Abies kawakamii, Tsuga chinensis, and Picea morrisoncola, to name a few, are some of the species that exist within this ...
Camellia sinensis) on methicillin resistance in Staphylococcus. Suns.Ars-Grin.gov, List of Chemicals in Camellia sinensis (Dr. ... "Camellia sinensis". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 16 February 2006. Camellia sinensis from Purdue ... The name sinensis means "from China" in Latin. Four varieties of C. sinensis are recognized. Of these, C. sinensis var. ... sinensis] Chinese Western Yunnan Assam (large leaf) tea [C. sinensis var. assamica] Indian Assam (large leaf) tea [C. sinensis ...
The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Camellia sinensis . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for ...
Synonym(s): CAMELLIA SINENSIS (TEA PLANT) LEAF; CAMELLIA SINENSIS LEAF; GREEN TEA LEAF ... Show all 37 recent products that contain CAMELLIA SINENSIS (GREEN TEA) LEAF.. ...
CAMELLIA SINENSE (GREEN TEA) LEAF EXTRACT, CAMELLIA SINENSIS (GREEN TEA) LEAF EXTRACT, CAMELLIA SINENSIS (GREEN TEA) LEAF ... CAMELLIA SINENSIS (TEA PLANT) LEAF EXTRACT, CAMELLIA SINENSIS (TEA PLANT) LEAF POWDER EXTRACT, CAMELLIA SINENSIS LEAF POWDER ... CAMELLIA SINENSIS LEAVES EXTRACT, EXTRACT OF CAMELLIA SINENSIS LEAVES, GREEN TEA, GREEN TEA LEAF EXTRACT, GREEN TEA LEAF POWDER ... CAMELLIA SINENSIS (GREEN TEA) LEAF EXTRACT. Click here for all products containing this ingredient ...
None of your Camellia Sinensis activities will be shared on your Facebook page without your consent. ... None of your Camellia Sinensis activities will be shared on your Facebook page without your consent. ...
A Camellia Forest Introduction.. Hardy to USDA Zone: 7. Flower Form, Size: Single, Small. Habit: Vigorous, Spreading. Bloom ... A Camellia Forest Introduction.. Hardy to USDA Zone: 7. Flower Form, Size: Single, Small. Habit: Vigorous, Spreading. Bloom ... zone 7-10) This is a superior strain tea selected by owner of Camellia Forest, David Parks. It has large, rounded leaves and ... zone 7-10)- A Camellia Forest introduction, selected as a particularly fine individual identified from our tea test plot here ...
Camellia sinensis is an evergreen Camellia growing 4 to 6 feet high and wide. It is very adapted to shady situations. Fragrant ... Camellia sinensis is an evergreen Camellia growing 4 to 6 feet high and wide. It is very adapted to shady situations. Fragrant ...
Camellia sinensis) catechins are becoming increasingly recognised. Amongst the proposed benefits are the maintenance of ... Green tea (Camellia sinensis) catechins and vascular function Br J Nutr. 2009 Dec;102(12):1790-802. doi: 10.1017/ ... The health benefits of green tea (Camellia sinensis) catechins are becoming increasingly recognised. Amongst the proposed ...
This study aimed to develop and to characterize fermented dairy beverage formulated with Camellia sinensis. The infusion was ... Camellia Sinensis. Camellia sinensis L. (formerly Thea sinensis) is an evergreen Asiatic shrub of the THEACEAE family. The ... Camellia. A plant genus in the family THEACEAE, order THEALES best known for CAMELLIA SINENSIS which is the source of Oriental ... The infusion of leaves of CAMELLIA SINENSIS (formerly Thea sinensis) as a beverage, the familiar Oriental tea, which contains ...
... Poonam Lodhi,1 Neeraj ... Poonam Lodhi, Neeraj Tandan, Neera Singh, Divyansh Kumar, and Monu Kumar, "Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze Extract Ameliorates ...
Foods: Green tea (Camellia sinensis), Mushrooms, Oranges, Red wine, Soybeans, Tea (Camellia sinensis), White wine, Wine ... Foods: Alcohol, Beer, Black tea (Camellia sinensis), Blue cheese, Cheddar cheese, Eggs, Fermented foods, Matcha green tea, Milk ... Foods: Baking powder, Coffee, Flour, Processed cheese, Salt, Tea (Camellia sinensis). *Miscellaneous: Adjuvant, Aluminum, ... Foods: Dairy, Fermented milk, Milk, Tea (Camellia sinensis), Vegetables, Wine. *Miscellaneous: Cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, ...
... was isolated from the root of Camellia sinensiscollected from Puer, south-west China. Comparative 16S rRNA gene... ... A novel Gram-negative rod, endophytic bacterium, designated strain TMCC 8258T, was isolated from the root of Camellia sinensis ... nov., a novel endophytic bacterium isolated from the root of Camellia sinensis ...
Camellia sinensis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 2.5 m (8ft) at a slow rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is ... Camellia gracilis. Camellia. Shrub. 4.0. - LM. SN. M. 2. 0. Camellia japonica. Camellia, Common Camellia, Japanese Camellia. ... Camellia semiserrata. Shrub. 12.0. 7-10 LM. SN. M. 2. 0. Camellia sinensis assamica. Tea Plant, Assam Tea. Shrub. 10.0. 8-10 S ... Camellia kissi. Shrub. 12.0. 7-10 LM. SN. M. 2. 2. Camellia oleifera. Tea-Oil Plant, Tea Oil Camellia. Shrub. 4.0. 6-9 S. LM. ...
Camellia sinensis A.K.A. Tea Teotzlcoatl. 1,113. 15. 08/18/07 04:57 AM. by pixeljuice. Camellia sinensis...Tea...What do you ... Camellia care HuckleBones. 683. 6. 08/29/05 07:09 PM. by Openminded. Camellia sinensis Psy Baba. 418. 2. 02/01/08 08:10 PM. by ... Camellia sinensis - Theobromine UPDATE 2/6 #3715972 - 02/01/05 11:04 PM (12 years, 10 months ago) Edit Reply Quote Quick Reply ... Re: Camellia sinensis - Theobromine [Re: the man] #3723944 - 02/03/05 10:50 AM (12 years, 10 months ago) Edit Reply Quote Quick ...
Draft genome sequence of Camellia sinensis var. sinensis provides insights into the evolution of the tea genome and tea quality ... Xu YX, Chen W, Ma CL, Shen SY, Zhou YY, Zhou LQ, Chen L (2017) Proteome and acetyl-proteome profiling of Camellia sinensis cv ... A normal tea plant (Camellia sinensis cv. quntizhong) with one albino branch was discovered in a local tea plantation in ... Significantly increased amino acid accumulation in a novel albino branch of the tea plant (Camellia sinensis). ...
... () ... Camellia sinensis). Food and Nutrition Sciences, 6, 1014-1021. doi: 10.4236/fns.2015.611105. ... Camellia sinensis) Metabolites: A 1H NMR-Based Metabolomics Study. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58, 10582-10589 ... Camellia sinensis) Grown in Hawaii. Journal of Food Chemistry, 133, 707-714. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.01.078 ...
Camellia Sinensis) C. (AR). (SA). (LA). (TL). =n2. (CI). DNA. G. G. %TF. G. G. L/S TL DRL. Slideshow 6846763 by erin-bolton ... camellia species c. japonica (winter blooming camellias) c. sasanqua (fall blooming camellias) c. reticulata (camellias with ... Lecture 19 tropical beverage crops-tea camellia sinensis , formerly thea sinensis ; theaceae tea history originated in se asia ... American Camellia Society -. camellia families the american camellia society 100 massee lane fort valley, georgia 31030. ...
Genes identified as candidates are probably relevant to the uniqueness of ,i,C. sinensis,/i, and its cultivars should be good ... sinensis,/i,, ,i,C. oleifera,/i,, and ,i,C. azalea,/i,. Interestingly, a number of gene families, including genes involved in ... sinensis,/i, (LJ43) when compared to ,i,C. azalea,/i,, and this may partially explain its higher content of flavonoid, theanine ... sinensis,/i, and two of its cultivars (LJ43 and ZH2). Evolutionary analyses showed that the evolutionary rates of genes ...
Camellia sinensis Ameliorates the Efficacy of Last Line Antibiotics Against Carbapenem Resistant Escherichia coli.. [Pallavi ... Aquo-ethanolic extract of Camellia sinensis (PTRC-31911-A), standardized using Fourier transform infrared analysis, was found ...
... sinensis leaves was separated by HPCCC to give 1 (25.4 mg), 2 (16.3 mg), 3 (11.1 mg) and 4 (4.4 mg) with purities over 98%. The ... Leaves from Camellia sienensis are a popular natural source of various beverage worldwide, and contain caffeine and polyphenols ... Keywords: Camellia sinensis; tea-polyphenols; high-performance countercurrent chromatography Camellia sinensis; tea-polyphenols ... Separation of Polyphenols and Caffeine from the Acetone Extract of Fermented Tea Leaves (Camellia sinensis) Using High- ...
A atividade antioxidante e antifúngica das folhas obtidas da Camellia sinensis pelos métodos de não-fermentação (chás verde e ... The antioxidant and anticandidal activities of leaves obtained from Camellia sinensis by non-fermentation (green and white teas ... Atividade antioxidante e antifúngica das folhas de Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze, obtidas por diferentes formas de produção ... Distribution and biosynthesis of flavan-3-ols in . Camellia sinensis seedlings and expression of genes encoding biosynthetic ...
Camellia assamica, Camellia sinensis, Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze, camellia tea, Camellia thea, Camellia theifera, catechins ... Green tea (Camellia sinensis). Also listed as: Camellia sinensis, Polyphenols, Catechins. Related terms. ... Green tea is made from the dried leaves of Camellia sinensis, an evergreen shrub. Green tea, black tea, and oolong tea all come ... Avoid if allergic or sensitive to tea (Camellia sinensis), its parts, caffeine, tannins, or members of the Theaceae family. ...
Green Tea (Camellia sinensis). Powerful Antioxidant Protection and Herbal Energizer. Green tea (Camelia sinensis) is a rich ... Antimicrobial properties of tea (Camellia sinensis L.). Antimicro Agents Chemother 1995;39:2375-7. ...
... sinensis (L.) such as numerous asterosclerites, numerous fragments of unicellular trichomes; fragments of abaxial epidermis ... The widely known leaves of Camellia sinensis (L.) derive the most consumed beverage globally. All over the world, like in the ... "Peroxidase Inhibition and Antioxidant Activity of Bulk-Marketed Black Tea (Camellia sinensis L.) from the Democratic Republic ...
Camellia sinensis L.) possess high genetic diversity that is important for breeding. One cultivar, Baijiguan, exhibits a yellow ... Camellia sinensis L.) possess high genetic diversity that is important for breeding. One cultivar, Baijiguan, exhibits a yellow ... Tea plants (Camellia sinensis L.) possess high genetic diversity that is important for breeding. One cultivar, Baijiguan, ... Tea plants (Camellia sinensis L.), whose leaves are used to make a traditional beverage consumed worldwide, possess great ...
Camellia sinensis), Camellia (C. japonica), and their interspecific hybrids by flow cytometry. Chagyo Kenkyu Hokoku 101, 1-7. ... Tanton, T. W. (1981). The banjhi (dormancy) cycle in tea (Camellia sinensis). Exp. Agric. 17, 149-156. doi: 10.1017/ ... The 10-year-old tea cultivar "Longjing 43" (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze cv. Longjing 43) grown in a field in Hangzhou, ... Nagar, P., and Sood, S. (2006). Changes in endogenous auxins during winter dormancy in tea (Camellia sinensis L.) O. Kuntze. ...
Camellia sinensis. organ. parasitic mode. stage. note. taxonomic group. parasite. leaf. vagrant. Eriophyidae. Calacarus ...
The methanolic extract from the flower buds of Camellia sinensis cultivated in Fujian Province showed inhibitory effects on ... The methanolic extract from the flower buds of Camellia sinensis cultivated in Fujian Province showed inhibitory effects on ...
This review examined the use of green tea (Camellia sinensis) in the diets of poultry. Research findings were obtained from ... Reto, M., Figueira, M.E., Filipe, H.M. & Almeida, C.M., 2007, Chemical composition of green tea (Camellia sinensis) infusions ... Nishida, T., Eruden, B., Hosoda, K., Nakagawa, K., Miyazawa, T., Shioya, S., 2006, Effects of green tea (Camellia sinensis) ... Green tea (Camellia sinensis) is also included in the list of phytogenic substances. ...
  • Williges, Ute (2005) Ökologischer Landbau in Sri Lanka - unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Tee-Anbausystemen (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze). (orgprints.org)
  • Status of organic agriculture in Sri Lanka with special emphasis on tea production systems (Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze). (orgprints.org)
  • In order to reveal the evolutionary pattern of rDNA repeats in tea [Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze], we identified the 45S rDNA loci, estimated their copy number, and cloned partial regions of them from different PCR products and from digested genomic DNA. (semanticscholar.org)
  • White tea prepared from very young tea leaves or buds of Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze, Theaceae, covered with tiny, silvery hairs, and dried immediately after picking to prevent oxidation and commonly used as a beverage and herbal medicine. (phcogj.com)
  • This study aimed to determine the physicochemical properties of the green tea powders produced from 2 different Turkish tea [Camellia sinensis (L.) O.Kuntze] clones (Derepazarı 7 and Fener) grown under different shade levels and harvested during 2 consecutive shooting periods. (tailieu.vn)
  • Commonly known in the West as 'Tea', Camellia sinensis (L) O. Kuntze is an evergreen shrub assigned to the family Theaceae. (reading.ac.uk)
  • Camellia sinensis is a species of evergreen shrubs or small trees in the flowering plant family Theaceae whose leaves and leaf buds are used to produce tea. (wikipedia.org)
  • It belongs to the genus Camellia (Theaceae: Ericales) and originated from East Asia [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Polymorphism and evolution of ribosomal DNA in tea (Camellia sinensis, Theaceae). (semanticscholar.org)
  • Camellia sinensis (Tea plant) is a species of plant in the family Theaceae . (eol.org)
  • Green tea leaf extract is produced from the tea plant, Camelia sinensis. (ewg.org)
  • Anti-obesity effects of the methanolic extract and chakasaponins from the flower buds of Camellia sinensis in mice. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The methanolic extract from the flower buds of Camellia sinensis cultivated in Fujian Province showed inhibitory effects on body weight gain and the weight of visceral fats in high-fat diet-fed mice and/or Tsumura Suzuki Obese Diabetic (TSOD) mice. (biomedsearch.com)
  • This study suggested that C. sinensis extract combined with γ-HCH could enhance antioxidant/detoxification system which consequently reduced the oxidative stress thus potentially reducing γ-HCH toxicity and tissue damage. (veterinaryworld.org)
  • Camellia sinensis extract showed higher antibacterial activity against MDR S. Typhi , alone and in combination with nalidixic acid, than to susceptible isolates. (uniss.it)
  • The present study was designed to investigate the antidepressant potential of ethanolic extract of leaves and buds of Camellia sinensis (White tea) at 300 mg/kg doses in mice and antibacterial potential by disc diffusion method. (teiath.gr)
  • These findings demonstrate that the extract of leaves and buds of Camellia sinensis have significant antidepressant activity and moderate antibacterial activity. (teiath.gr)
  • This study evaluated the effects of topical application of Camellia sinensis extract on the rate of wound closure and the histology of wound area. (duhnnae.com)
  • The three active ingredients of Super HD that makes up IFAS50 are Camellia sinensis (green tea) extract, tuber fleece flower root extract and Chinese mistletoe stem extract. (progressivehealth.com)
  • Carl Linnaeus chose his name in 1753 for the genus to honor Kamel's contributions to botany (although Kamel did not discover or name this plant, or any Camellia, and Linnaeus did not consider this plant a Camellia but a Thea). (wikipedia.org)
  • The seeds of C. sinensis and C. oleifera can be pressed to yield tea oil, a sweetish seasoning and cooking oil that should not be confused with tea tree oil, an essential oil that is used for medical and cosmetic purposes, and originates from the leaves of a different plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Green, black, and oolong tea are all derived from the leaves of the Camellia sinensis plant. (shroomery.org)
  • A normal tea plant ( Camellia sinensis cv. (springer.com)
  • Interestingly, a number of gene families, including genes involved in the pathways synthesizing iconic secondary metabolites of tea plant, were significantly upregulated, expressed in C. sinensis (LJ43) when compared to C. azalea , and this may partially explain its higher content of flavonoid, theanine, and caffeine. (hindawi.com)
  • Global transcriptome and gene regulation network for secondary metabolite biosynthesis of tea plant (Camellia sinensis). (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • In total, 1719 unigenes were identified as being involved in the secondary metabolic pathways in C. sinensis, and the expression patterns of the genes involved in flavonoid, caffeine, and theanine biosynthesis were characterized, revealing the dynamic nature of their regulation during plant growth and development. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Camellia sinensis is a well-known plant used for health purposes due to its high phenolic compound content and antioxidant properties. (rsc.org)
  • Tea ( Camellia sinensis L. ) is a perennial, evergreen and cross-pollinated plant bearing white flowers and green fruits with two to three seeds. (scielo.org.za)
  • Every type of tea comes from the Camellia Sinensis plant, although there are many different types of it. (dieting-help.com)
  • The presence of anti-mutagenic agents in medicinal plant s such as Zataria multiflora , Achillea wilhelmsii and Camellia sinensis can be considered due to their antioxidants properties. (scialert.net)
  • To align the sequencing data with known plant miRNAs, we characterized 106 conserved C. sinensis miRNAs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Teh or tea plant ( Camellia sinensis ) is a species where leaves and twigs are used to make drinks. (dlium.com)
  • Germination for: CAMELLIA sinensis 'Tea' Plant at 3/4' depth using soil mixture. (seedvendor.com)
  • In this study, single leaf cuttings of 10 Turkish tea (Camellia sinensis) clones Hamzabey-1, Ardeflen-1, Fener-3, Hayrat1, Çiftekavak-1, Muradiye-10, Tu¤lal›-10, Gündo¤du-3, Kömürcüler-1 and Derepazar›-7 were rooted under greenhouse conditions at seven different collection times without using any plant hormones. (tailieu.vn)
  • The leaves of this plant are harvested for tea production on a massive scale through a process that requires a large amount of inorganic nitrogen (N). However, knowledge of how inorganic nitrogen regulates the growth physiology of C. sinensis L. remains limited. (tailieu.vn)
  • Sencha tea is made from the first harvest of the year, in spring when buds are born on the first year of the tea plant (Camellia sinensis). (botanical-online.com)
  • White tea (WT) is very similar to green tea (GT) but it is exceptionally prepared only from the buds and young tea leaves of Camelia sinensis plant while GT is prepared from the matured tea leaves. (glucosehealth.com)
  • Here are some morphological obervations of the Camellia sinensis plant we have growing in the tropical greenhouse. (reading.ac.uk)
  • The name sinensis literally translates 'from China', and the plant is believed to have evolved in the Eastern Himalayas, one of the most plant-rich and competetive ecosystems in the world. (reading.ac.uk)
  • Click on a link below to find helpful advice from our experts on how to plant, fertilize, prune and water Camellias. (wilsonbrosgardens.com)
  • Green tea comes from the plant Camellia sinensis. (rochester.edu)
  • The term herbal tea refers to drinks not made from Camellia sinensis: infusions of fruit, leaves, or other plant parts, such as steeps of rosehip, chamomile, or rooibos. (wikipedia.org)
  • Robert Sweet shifted all formerly Thea species to the genus Camellia in 1818. (wikipedia.org)
  • In addition to C. sinensis , the genus Camellia includes many other species of great value, such as C. oleifera and C. azalea . (hindawi.com)
  • 2009). Carl von Linne originally placed Camellia sinensis in a genus known as Thea , and for many years Camellia and Thea were considered different genera. (reading.ac.uk)
  • Similar to many other plants in the genus Camellia, soil is required with a pH of 4.5-5.5 along with good fertility, drainage and good layer of humus (Bonheure, 1990). (reading.ac.uk)
  • Many types of Southern Yunnan Assam tea have been hybridized with the closely related species Camellia taliensis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some Indian Assam tea appears to have hybridized with the species Camellia pubicosta. (wikipedia.org)
  • Given their important economic and ornamental values, transcriptomes of the above three Camellia species have been reported and some of their unique characteristics were identified. (hindawi.com)
  • Ribosomal DNA (rDNA) repeats often exhibit a high level of within-species homogeneity, but intra-individual polymorphism of rDNA has been found in Camellia species. (semanticscholar.org)
  • This research began by initially searching through the literature for relevant information published about the mineral composition of both species of C. sinensis. (hawaii.edu)
  • Ing Camellia sinensis ing species ning tanaman nung nu gagawan de ing pikabaluan a inuman a tsa . (wikipedia.org)
  • Antimicrobial susceptibility of 350 Gram-positive and Gram-negative strains belonging to 10 different bacterial species, was tested against Camellia sinensis and Juglans regia extracts. (uniss.it)
  • Due to its relationship with man, this evolutionary quirk has offered Camellia sinensis gargantuan success at the species level. (reading.ac.uk)
  • Thea sinensis. (pfaf.org)
  • Thea sinensis L. (wikipedia.org)
  • Green tea, Camellia Sinensis from the family of Thea Cease [ 7 ] is mostly cultivated in coasts of Caspian sea in North of Iran. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The generic boundaries have been redrawn so that Thea has now become part of Camellia (Wilson & Clifford, 1992). (reading.ac.uk)
  • The health benefits of green tea (Camellia sinensis) catechins are becoming increasingly recognised. (nih.gov)
  • Green tea ( Camelia sinensis ) is a rich source of catechins, substances which have been found to neutralize cancer-causing agents and prevent cellular mutations leading to cancer. (drmyattswellnessclub.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to determine effect of Mouthwash containing Camellia sinensis extracts on oral malodor and gingival inflammation in gingivitis subjects. (bioportfolio.com)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Antioxidant response of Camellia sinensis and Rosmarinus officinalis aqueous extracts toward H2O2 stressed mice. (who.int)
  • assamica] Indian Assam (large leaf) tea [C. sinensis var. (wikipedia.org)
  • assamica (JW Masters) Kitamura are most commonly used for tea, and C. sinensis var. (dlium.com)
  • Kukicha (twig tea) is also harvested from C. sinensis, but uses twigs and stems rather than leaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • addiction of dehydrated leaves of C. sinensis in whey (1g/100g) which added in sweetened milk (10% sucrose w/w) coagulated by Streptococcus salivarius subspecies thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subspecies bulgaricus in proportions of 10, 20, 30 and 40% (v/w). (bioportfolio.com)
  • Leaves from Camellia sienensis are a popular natural source of various beverage worldwide, and contain caffeine and polyphenols derived from catechin analogues. (mdpi.com)
  • The antioxidant and anticandidal activities of leaves obtained from Camellia sinensis by non-fermentation (green and white teas), semi-fermentation (red tea) and fermentation method (black tea) were investigated. (scielo.br)
  • Green tea is made from the dried leaves of Camellia sinensis , an evergreen shrub. (rootsnatural.ca)
  • Tea plants ( Camellia sinensis L.), whose leaves are used to make a traditional beverage consumed worldwide, possess great genetic diversity, with some cultivars exhibiting unique leaf colors. (frontiersin.org)
  • Isolation and applications of one strain of Lactobacillus paraplantarum from tea leaves (Camellia sinensis). (patents.com)
  • C. sinensis - C. sinensis is an upright, tender, slow-growing, small evergreen tree or large shrub with oblong to lance-shaped, toothed, dark green leaves and single, fragrant, white flowers with prominent, golden-yellow stamens in autumn and winter. (shootgardening.co.uk)
  • Retention and allocation of 14C assimilates by maintenance leaves and harvest index of tea ( Camellia sinensis L. (springer.com)
  • Aluminum is the only element that is further researched because of the exceptionally high levels found in the C. sinensis leaves. (hawaii.edu)
  • Black tea is made from the dried leaves of Camellia sinensis , a shrub native to southeastern Asia. (natural-pantry.com)
  • tê ) is an aromatic beverage commonly prepared by pouring hot or boiling water over cured leaves of the Camellia sinensis , an evergreen shrub (bush) native to Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • sinensis grown in acidic soil were collected and young and old leaves were used for analysis. (eduhk.hk)
  • Camellia sinensis is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 2.5 m (8ft) at a slow rate. (pfaf.org)
  • Thesis Abstract Fermented milk elaborated with Camellia sinensis. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Secondary metabolite biosynthesis in Camellia sinensis is differentially regulated in different tissues during growth and development. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Hundreds, if not thousands of cultivars of C. sinensis are known. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some Japanese cultivars include: Benifuuki Fushun Kanayamidori Meiryoku Saemidori Okumidori Yabukita C. sinensis is native to East Asia, the Indian Subcontinent, and Southeast Asia, but it is today cultivated across the world in tropical and subtropical regions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tea ( Camellia sinensis ) is a popular beverage all over the world and a number of studies have focused on the genetic uniqueness of tea and its cultivars. (hindawi.com)
  • In this report, based on expression data available from public databases, we performed a series of analyses to identify genes probably relevant to the uniqueness of C. sinensis and two of its cultivars (LJ43 and ZH2). (hindawi.com)
  • Further investigation showed that nonsynonymous mutations may partially contribute to the differences between the two cultivars of C. sinensis , such as the chlorina and higher contents of amino acids in ZH2. (hindawi.com)
  • Genes identified as candidates are probably relevant to the uniqueness of C. sinensis and its cultivars should be good candidates for subsequent functional analyses and marker-assisted breeding. (hindawi.com)
  • Nowadays, many cultivars of C. sinensis , such as Longjing 43 (LJ43), Zhonghuang 1 (ZH1), and Zhonghuang 2 (ZH2), are cultivated extensively in China. (hindawi.com)
  • Despite this body of work, the molecular events underlying the uniqueness of C. sinensis and its cultivars remain largely undefined. (hindawi.com)
  • ScholarSpace at University of Hawaii at Manoa: Comparison of the proximate and mineral composition of seven cultivars of camellia sinensis var. (hawaii.edu)
  • sinensis cultivars grown in Hawaii and how it may play an important role on the variation of common macro-and micro-mineral content. (hawaii.edu)
  • sinensis Cultivars grown in Hawaii Objective: To compare the commonly found proximate and mineral compositions among the seven C. sinensis var. (hawaii.edu)
  • sinensis cultivars grown in Hawaii between the winter and summer seasons 1.3.3. (hawaii.edu)
  • sinensis Cultivars as a Function of Leaf Positions: Objectives: To determine the variation of Al concentrations among four C. sinensis var. (hawaii.edu)
  • The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Camellia sinensis . (usda.gov)
  • Studies on the Biochemical Formation Pathway of the Amino Acid l-Theanine in Tea (Camellia sinensis) and Other Plants. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Cheng S, Fu X, Wang X, Liao Y, Zeng L, Dong F, Yang Z (2017) Studies on the biochemical formation pathway of the amino acid l -theanine in tea ( Camellia sinensis ) and other plants. (springer.com)
  • Tea plants ( Camellia sinensis L.) possess high genetic diversity that is important for breeding. (frontiersin.org)
  • In this study, we investigated synergistic antimicrobial activity of Camellia sinensis and Juglans regia which are commonly used plants with different antimicrobial agents. (uniss.it)
  • Tea plants (Camellia sinensis) are well known for their ability to accumulate high concentrations of aluminium (Al). (eduhk.hk)
  • In general, most camellia plants grow and bloom better in part shade with some shelter from the hot afternoon sun. (wilsonbrosgardens.com)
  • sinensis] Chinese Western Yunnan Assam (large leaf) tea [C. sinensis var. (wikipedia.org)
  • sinensis , ampo ing Assam tea, Camellia sinensis var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methods for obtaining C. sinensis teas can be classified into non-fermented (green and white teas), semi-fermented (red tea) and fermented (black tea) ( Barcirova, 2010 ). (scielo.br)
  • Cả chè xanh (hay trà xanh, green tea) vàø chè đen (black tea)(Vd: trà Lipton, trà Dimah,…) đều xuất nguồn từ cây chè (trà) (Camellia sinensis). (tailieu.vn)
  • Evolutionary analyses showed that the evolutionary rates of genes involved in the pathways were not significantly different among C. sinensis , C. oleifera , and C. azalea . (hindawi.com)
  • The RLM-5′RACE procedure was successfully used to map the cleavage sites in six target genes of C. sinensis . (biomedcentral.com)
  • Burgess, P.J., Carr, M.K.V.: Responses of young tea ( Camellia sinensis ) clones to drought and temperature. (springer.com)
  • Patricia M. Moderno, Marcia Carvalho and Branca M. Silva, " Recent Patents on Camellia sinensis: Source of Health Promoting Compounds", Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture (2009) 1: 182. (eurekaselect.com)
  • To investigate the enzymes involved in the formation of these VPB compounds, a new C. sinensis short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase (CsSDR) was isolated, cloned, sequenced, and functionally characterized. (uni-potsdam.de)
  • The CsSDR recombinant protein produced in Escherichia coli exhibited dehydrogenase-reductase activity towards several major VPB compounds in C. sinensis flowers with a strong preference for NADP/NADPH co-factors, and showed affinity for (R)/(S)-1-phenylethanol (1PE), phenylacetaldehyde, benzaldehyde, and benzyl alcohol, and no affinity for acetophenone (AP) and 2-phenylethanol. (uni-potsdam.de)
  • Our results indicate that CsSDR is expressed in C. sinensis flowers and is likely to contribute to a number of floral VPB compounds including the 1PE derivative AP. (uni-potsdam.de)
  • Barman, T.S., Sarma, A.K., Barua, U.: Sink capacity of flower buds in tea ( Camellia sinensis L.). A study on assimilates translocation. (springer.com)
  • Antimicrobial properties of tea (Camellia sinensis L.). Antimicro Agents Chemother 1995;39:2375-7. (drmyattswellnessclub.com)
  • To survive the rigours of evolution, it has been suggested that Camellia sinensis increased the amounts of caffeine in its fruits to make them attractive to primates such as monkeys (Macfarlane & Macfarlane, 2003). (reading.ac.uk)
  • Jac.OxfordJournals.org , The effect of a component of tea ( Camellia sinensis ) on methicillin resistance in Staphylococcus . (wikipedia.org)
  • The cultivation of C. sinensis probably started more than 2,000 years ago [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • This study aimed to develop and to characterize fermented dairy beverage formulated with Camellia sinensis. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Tea (Camellia sinensis) is the most widely consumed beverage aside from water. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Camellia sinensis is one of the most important commercial beverage crops in the world. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Green tea (Camellia sinensis) is a popular beverage worldwide, raising concern for adverse interactions when co-consumed with conventional drugs. (elsevier.com)
  • This article is about the beverage made from Camellia sinensis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vara Prasad WLNV, Srilatha Ch, Sailaja N, Raju NKB, Jayasree N (2016) Amelioration of gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (lindane) induced renal toxicity by Camellia sinensis in Wistar rats, Veterinary World, 9 (11): 1331-1337. (veterinaryworld.org)
  • Four varieties of C. sinensis are recognized. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adwa la reng manimunang uri o varieties a gagamitan para king tsa, ing Chinese tea, Camellia sinensis var. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ing Kukicha (twig tea) mapupupul ya mu naman king Camellia sinensis , oneng sanga ampong tangke ing gagamitan para kaniti, at e bulung. (wikipedia.org)
  • Camellia sinensis synthesizes and emits a large variety of volatile phenylpropanoids and benzenoids (VPB). (uni-potsdam.de)
  • The fruit of Camellia spp is a 3-loculicidal capsule containing 3 distinctive rounded-cuneate seeds. (reading.ac.uk)
  • A study to assess the toxic effects of gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (γ-HCH) (lindane) and ameliorative effects of Camellia sinensis on renal system has been carried out in male Wistar rats. (veterinaryworld.org)
  • This study aimed to generate expression profiles for C. sinensis tissues and to build a gene regulation model of the secondary metabolic pathways. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Our work elucidated the possible cross talk in gene regulation between the secondary metabolite biosynthetic pathways in C. sinensis. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • Tea (Camellia sinensis) contains numerous chemicals beneficial to human health. (rainbow.coop)
  • Dry matter content, moisture, ash and total count of lactic acid bacteria from fermented milk drink formulations were not significantly affected by the amount of infusion of C. sinensis. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Part 3: Aluminum Content in Four Camellia sinensis var. (hawaii.edu)
  • Camellia Sinensis) This is a beautiful white-flowered ornamental variety that is also used to make delicious tea. (raintreenursery.com)
  • The original research presented in this thesis examines seasonal variations among selected C. sinensis var. (hawaii.edu)