Camelids, New World: Ruminant mammals of South America. They are related to camels.Camels: Hoofed mammals with four legs, a big-lipped snout, and a humped back belonging to the family Camelidae.Metastrongyloidea: A superfamily of nematodes of the order STRONGYLIDA. Characteristics include a fluid-filled outer layer of cuticle and a reduced mouth and bursa.Platyrrhini: An infraorder of New World monkeys, comprised of the families AOTIDAE; ATELIDAE; CEBIDAE; and PITHECIIDAE. They are found exclusively in the Americas.Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains: The largest of polypeptide chains comprising immunoglobulins. They contain 450 to 600 amino acid residues per chain, and have molecular weights of 51-72 kDa.Cebidae: A family of New World monkeys in the infraorder PLATYRRHINI, consisting of nine subfamilies: ALOUATTINAE; AOTINAE; Atelinae; Callicebinae; CALLIMICONINAE; CALLITRICHINAE; CEBINAE; Pithecinae; and SAIMIRINAE. They inhabit the forests of South and Central America, comprising the largest family of South American monkeys.Arenaviruses, New World: One of two groups of viruses in the ARENAVIRUS genus and considered part of the New World complex. It includes JUNIN VIRUS; PICHINDE VIRUS; Amapari virus, and Machupo virus among others. They are the cause of human hemorrhagic fevers mostly in Central and South America.Single-Domain Antibodies: An immunoglobulin fragment composed of one variable domain from an IMMUNOGLOBULIN HEAVY CHAIN or IMMUNOGLOBULIN LIGHT CHAIN.Ankyrin Repeat: Protein motif that contains a 33-amino acid long sequence that often occurs in tandem arrays. This repeating sequence of 33-amino acids was discovered in ANKYRIN where it is involved in interaction with the anion exchanger (ANION EXCHANGE PROTEIN 1, ERYTHROCYTE). Ankyrin repeats cooperatively fold into domains that mediate molecular recognition via protein-protein interactions.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Virus Replication: The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Palate, Soft: A movable fold suspended from the posterior border of the hard palate. The uvula hangs from the middle of the lower border.Reproduction: The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)Seasons: Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Head Movements: Voluntary or involuntary motion of head that may be relative to or independent of body; includes animals and humans.2,3-Diphosphoglycerate: A highly anionic organic phosphate which is present in human red blood cells at about the same molar ratio as hemoglobin. It binds to deoxyhemoglobin but not the oxygenated form, therefore diminishing the oxygen affinity of hemoglobin. This is essential in enabling hemoglobin to unload oxygen in tissue capillaries. It is also an intermediate in the conversion of 3-phosphoglycerate to 2-phosphoglycerate by phosphoglycerate mutase (EC 5.4.2.1). (From Stryer Biochemistry, 4th ed, p160; Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p508)Ophthalmology: A surgical specialty concerned with the structure and function of the eye and the medical and surgical treatment of its defects and diseases.Veterinary Medicine: The medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases in animals.Veterinary Drugs: Drugs used by veterinarians in the treatment of animal diseases. The veterinarian's pharmacological armamentarium is the counterpart of drugs treating human diseases, with dosage and administration adjusted to the size, weight, disease, and idiosyncrasies of the species. In the United States most drugs are subject to federal regulations with special reference to the safety of drugs and residues in edible animal products.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Schools, Veterinary: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of veterinary medicine.Pathology, Veterinary: The field of veterinary medicine concerned with the causes of and changes produced in the body by disease.Eye Diseases: Diseases affecting the eye.Glycophorin: The major sialoglycoprotein of the human erythrocyte membrane. It consists of at least two sialoglycopeptides and is composed of 60% carbohydrate including sialic acid and 40% protein. It is involved in a number of different biological activities including the binding of MN blood groups, influenza viruses, kidney bean phytohemagglutinin, and wheat germ agglutinin.Plasmodium falciparum: A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.Erythrocytes: Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.Erythrocyte Membrane: The semi-permeable outer structure of a red blood cell. It is known as a red cell 'ghost' after HEMOLYSIS.Protozoan Proteins: Proteins found in any species of protozoan.Blood Group Antigens: Sets of cell surface antigens located on BLOOD CELLS. They are usually membrane GLYCOPROTEINS or GLYCOLIPIDS that are antigenically distinguished by their carbohydrate moieties.ArtiodactylaAntelopes: Any of various ruminant mammals of the order Bovidae. They include numerous species in Africa and the American pronghorn.WyomingCetacea: An order of wholly aquatic MAMMALS occurring in all the OCEANS and adjoining seas of the world, as well as in certain river systems. They feed generally on FISHES, cephalopods, and crustaceans. Most are gregarious and most have a relatively long period of parental care and maturation. Included are DOLPHINS; PORPOISES; and WHALES. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp969-70)Deer: The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)Ruminants: A suborder of the order ARTIODACTYLA whose members have the distinguishing feature of a four-chambered stomach, including the capacious RUMEN. Horns or antlers are usually present, at least in males.South AmericaCarnivora: An order of MAMMALS, usually flesh eaters with appropriate dentition. Suborders include the terrestrial carnivores Fissipedia, and the aquatic carnivores PINNIPEDIA.Felidae: The cat family in the order CARNIVORA comprised of muscular, deep-chested terrestrial carnivores with a highly predatory lifestyle.Opossums: New World marsupials of the family Didelphidae. Opossums are omnivorous, largely nocturnal and arboreal MAMMALS, grow to about three feet in length, including the scaly prehensile tail, and have an abdominal pouch in which the young are carried at birth.Ailuridae: A family in the suborder Caniformia, Order CARNIVORA, comprised of one genus Ailurus, the lesser pandas.Monodelphis: A genus of short-tailed OPOSSUMS in the family Didelphidae found in South American, chiefly Brazil. They are opossums least well-adapted to arboreal life.Myristica fragrans: A plant species in the MYRISTICACEAE family. The seed is used as a spice and used for antimicrobial and psychoactive effects. Myristicin, SAFROLE, and methyleugenol are key components.Anethum graveolens: Anethum graveolens L. is a plant species of the family APIACEAE. The leaves are considered as a spice (SPICES).Food Additives: Substances which are of little or no nutritive value, but are used in the processing or storage of foods or animal feed, especially in the developed countries; includes ANTIOXIDANTS; FOOD PRESERVATIVES; FOOD COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS (both plain and LOCAL); VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS and other similarly used substances. Many of the same substances are PHARMACEUTIC AIDS when added to pharmaceuticals rather than to foods.Oils, Volatile: Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Aphrodisiacs: Chemical agents or odors that stimulate sexual desires. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Pyrogallol: A trihydroxybenzene or dihydroxy phenol that can be prepared by heating GALLIC ACID.Rodentia: A mammalian order which consists of 29 families and many genera.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Thyrotrophs: Anterior pituitary cells that produce THYROID-STIMULATING HORMONE.Melatonin: A biogenic amine that is found in animals and plants. In mammals, melatonin is produced by the PINEAL GLAND. Its secretion increases in darkness and decreases during exposure to light. Melatonin is implicated in the regulation of SLEEP, mood, and REPRODUCTION. Melatonin is also an effective antioxidant.

Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli septicemia and meningoencephalitis in a 7-day-old llama. (1/315)

Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli were isolated from blood collected on presentation and tissues samples taken postmortem. Listeria monocytogenes was isolated from cerebrospinal fluid collected antemortem. The importance of passive transfer of immunity, the subtlety of neurologic signs in early meningitis, and considering blood-CSF penetration in antimicrobial selection are discussed.  (+info)

Distribution of keratins, vimentin, and actin in the testis of two South American camelids: vicuna (Vicugna vicugna) and llama (Lama glama). An immunohistochemical study. (2/315)

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the pattern of distribution of cytokeratins, vimentin and muscular actin in the testis of vicuna (Vicugna vicugna) and llama (Lama glama) two species of camelids native of the Andean high plateau of South America. Testicular biopsies of four vicunas and five llamas were used. Animals were healthy breeders. The tissues were processed by standard immunohistochemistry with antipancytokeratinAE1/AE3, antikeratin 18 (K 18), CAM 5.2 (antikeratin 5, 18, and 19), antivimentin, and smooth-muscle-specific antiactin antibodies to track the cytoskeletal pattern of testicular cells. Using AE1/AE3 antibody the immunostaining was found in the epithelial lining of tubuli recti and rete testis. The reaction was relatively stronger in the apical cytoplasm of epithelial cells. The testicular cells of the two species showed no reaction to K 18 and CAM 5.2 antibodies. Antivimentin antibody stained the basal cytoplasm of the Sertoli cells, the Leydig cells, and the epithelial lining of tubuli recti and rete testis. In the last two structures the immunostain was relatively more intense in the basal cytoplasm of epithelial cells. Antiactin antibody stained the peritubular cells and the muscle cells of the lamina propria oftubuli recti and rete testis. The presence in these species of only some keratins found in man, its coexpression with vimentin in epithelial lining of tubuli recti and rete testis and the peritubule organization, so different from other ungulates may reflect a differential adaptation of the cytoskeleton to particular reproductive strategies.  (+info)

An account of the longitudinal mucosal corrugations of the human tracheo-bronchial tree, with observations on those of some animals. (3/315)

A description is given of the distribution of the longitudinal mucosal corrugations in the human tracheo-bronchial tree. It has been shown that they are made up of elastic tissue in a collagen matrix, and that the elastic fibres continue into the smallest bronchioles beyond where the corrugations are no longer visible. An examination has also been made of the tracheo-bronchial trees of the hen, rat, raccoon, pig, sheep, llama and tiger. Corrugations are present in all these animals, except the hen and the raccoon, and they have been compared and contrasted with the condition in Man. The functional significance of these corrugations remains unknown, but, they could be important in equalizing tension in the tracheo-bronchial tree during inspiration, as well as in providing elastic recoil during expiration.  (+info)

Immunodeficiency syndrome in a 3-year-old llama. (4/315)

An adult, castrated male llama was presented for evaluation of a chronic respiratory problem. Complete blood analyses indicated a leukopenia and hypoproteinemia. Radial immunodiffusion, bone marrow core, and lymph node biopsies supported a tentative diagnosis of juvenile llama immunodeficiency syndrome. This diagnosis was confirmed by postmortem findings.  (+info)

Comparison of physical chemical properties of llama VHH antibody fragments and mouse monoclonal antibodies. (5/315)

Antigen specific llama VHH antibody fragments were compared to antigen specific mouse monoclonal antibodies with respect to specificity, affinity and stability. The llama VHH antibody fragments and the mouse monoclonal antibodies investigated were shown to be highly specific for the protein antigen hCG or the hapten antigen RR-6. The affinity of the interaction between monovalent llama VHH antibody fragments and their antigen is close to the nanomolar range, similar to the bivalent mouse monoclonal antibodies studied. Llama VHH antibody fragments are similar to mouse monoclonal antibodies with respect to antigen binding in the presence of ammonium thiocyanate and ethanol. The results show that relative to antigen specific mouse monoclonal antibodies, antigen specific llama VHH fragments are extremely temperature stable. Two out of six llama VHHs are able to bind antigen specifically at temperatures as high as 90 degrees C, whereas four out of four mouse monoclonal antibodies are not functional at this temperature. Together with the finding that llama VHH fragments can be produced at high yield in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, these findings indicate that in the near future antigen specific llama VHH fragments can be used in for antibodies unexpected products and processes.  (+info)

Hybridizing Old and New World camelids: Camelus dromedarius x Lama guanicoe. (6/315)

Thirty female dromedary camels were inseminated on a total of 50 occasions with 2-4 ml of fresh guanaco semen diluted with an equal volume of commercially available camel semen extender. Similarly, nine female guanacos were inseminated on 34 occasions with 4-6 ml of fresh, diluted camel semen. Only two of the dromedary females conceived; one aborted a female foetus on day 260 of gestation and the other gave birth to a stillborn female calf on day 365. Six conceptions occurred in the female guanacos. Two of these conceptuses, diagnosed by ultrasound, were resorbed between days 25 and 40 of gestation, one female foetus was aborted on day 291, another female foetus was aborted on day 302, and one female calf was stillborn on day 365 of gestation. The sixth foetus, a male, was born prematurely but alive after a 328-day gestation. It had a phenotypic appearance intermediate between that of a camel and a guanaco and its hybrid parentage was confirmed by the DNA fingerprinting of eight llama microsatellites. To our knowledge, this is the first viable hybrid ever to be produced between Old World and New World camelids, which have been reproductively isolated from one another for at least 11 million years. The preponderance of female hybrids is in accordance with Haldane's law. Histological examination of their ovaries revealed a failure of meiosis, with only an occasional abnormal oocyte surrounded by follicle cells. Although the diploid chromosone number of camels and guanacos is the same (2n = 74), sufficient genetic change has taken place to make the pairing of homologous chromosomes no longer possible.  (+info)

Fish and mammals in the economy of an ancient Peruvian kingdom. (7/315)

Fish and mammal bones from the coastal site of Cerro Azul, Peru shed light on economic specialization just before the Inca conquest of A. D. 1470. The site devoted itself to procuring anchovies and sardines in quantity for shipment to agricultural communities. These small fish were dried, stored, and eventually transported inland via caravans of pack llamas. Cerro Azul itself did not raise llamas but obtained charqui (or dried meat) as well as occasional whole adult animals from the caravans. Guinea pigs were locally raised. Some 20 species of larger fish were caught by using nets; the more prestigious varieties of these show up mainly in residential compounds occupied by elite families.  (+info)

Subclinical copper accumulation in llamas. (8/315)

A 9-year-old, intact male llama with mild ataxia and generalized malaise of 1 month's duration was euthanized following clinical evaluation. Excessive liver copper concentrations were found in the llama and also in clinically normal herdmates. This case documents multiple animals with increased hepatic stores from standard diets and mineral supplements.  (+info)

Vidal Rioja, L.; Larramendy, M.L.; Semorile, L., 1989: Ag-NOR staining and in situ hybridization of rDNA in the chromosomes of the South American camelids
This study was conducted to determinate carbon and nitrogen isotope fractionation in Bolivian and Chilean alpaca, llama and guanaco, hair, breath, plasma and feces. We also wanted to determine forage selection for these camelids using stable isotope technology. From the data, niche feeding and diet selection habits will determinate based on fecal composition. Bolivian sites were located near the high snow Altiplano Mountains at Tomarapi, Sajama, and at the Technical University Oruros research center at Condoriri, Bolivia. Chilean samples were collected at INIAs (Instituto Nacional de Investigacion Agropecuaria) Kampenaike Research Station, Punta Arenas, Chile. Bolivian alpacas and llamas were 3 to 5 years of age from producer herds and the Oruro Universitys camelid herd. Chilean animals were selected from INIA- Kampenaikes camelid herd. The alpacas, llamas and guanacos were selected based on heath status: no conformation defects, illness, genetic abnormalities or apparent nutrition problems. ...
Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. i-ii, 1-824 pp doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.542: page 65. ...
South American camelids have been poorly genetically investigated and little information is available in llamas (Lama glama) regarding the diversity of the caseins at the protein and gene level. Exon skipping and duplication events previously reported in the αS1-casein gene (CSN1S1) led us to investigate the genetic variability at this locus. Seventy-two positive clones for the αS1-casein transcripts were analyzed and randomly sequenced. The comparative analysis of the sequences revealed 2 transitions, c.366A,G and c.690T,C, at the 10th nucleotide of exon 12 and 94 bp of exon 19, respectively. These SNP are responsible for 2 amino acid changes, Ile→Val in position 86 and Tyr→His in position 194 of the mature protein. Both polymorphisms clarify the genetic events behind the protein variants A and B. This result was confirmed by isoelectric focusing analysis of llama milk samples. Quick methods based on PCR-RFLP and allele-specific PCR were set up for allelic discrimination in a population ...
The farm was visited on November 8, 2004 by the local veterinary practitioner and a veterinary research officer from the Athlone Regional Veterinary Laboratory (ARVL). The disease history and health measures of the herd were reviewed. Contiguous herd history was obtained [4], and clinical evaluation was carried out on the three ill animals. During the visit, it was noted that all three alpacas, two adults D and E and a juvenile of about six months old showed low body condition score of 1.5-2 (using a condition score range between 0 and 5, [1]) and poor appetite. Additionally, alpaca D showed severe dehydration, listlessness, a subnormal rectal temperature (36.7°C; normal range is 37.5-38.9°C) and shallow breathing with a mild expiratory grunt. Harsh lung sounds were audible on auscultation, but no palpable enlargement of surface lymph nodes was evident. Faecal samples were collected from 11 animals (including the three sick alpacas) for: Ziehl-Nielsen (ZN) staining for acid-fast bacilli; ...
Following importation in May 2000, one cria was lost in December due to a chill. The flock was initially fed very little with the aim to improve coat fibre and, by January 2001, some animals were in poor body condition and were weak. Two animals died, one from pneumonia and the other had lesions compatible with chronic liver fluke infestation. There was no evidence, at gross post mortem, of TB in either case.. In May 2002, the alpacas were successfully treated for an ectoparasitic skin condition. In June 2002, an alpaca showed signs of pneumonia with weight loss, weakness and a temperature of 40°C. She was treated with antibiotics, but died the following morning without post mortem examination.. In March of 2003, an animal was found recumbent with weight loss and tenesmus, and died a few hours later. Post mortem examination carried out at the Limerick Regional Veterinary Laboratory (LRVL) attributed death to fluke infestation with sarcocystosis also evident. In May 2003, two crias two to ...
Pacos De Ferreira (Portugal), 24/02/2018.- Pacos de Ferreiras Luiz Phellype (2-L) celebrates with his teammates after scoring the 1-0 lead during the Portuguese First League soccer match between Pacos de Ferreira and Benfica Lisbon at Mata Real stadium in Pacos Ferreira, Portugal, 24 February 2018. (Lisboa) EFE/EPA/MANUEL FERNANDO ARAUJO ...
Pacos De Ferreira (Portugal), 24/02/2018.- Pacos de Ferreiras Luiz Phellype (2-L) celebrates with his teammates after scoring the 1-0 lead during the Portuguese First League soccer match between Pacos de Ferreira and Benfica Lisbon at Mata Real stadium in Pacos Ferreira, Portugal, 24 February 2018. (Lisboa) EFE/EPA/MANUEL FERNANDO ARAUJO ...
S. Piripi, Hustace, J., Carney, K. R., Heidel, J. R., and Löhr, C. V., "Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation in two adult alpacas (Vicugna pacos).", Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 198-201, 2012. ...
Ponzoni, R. W., Hubbard, D. J., Kenyon, R. V., Tuckwell, C. D., McGregor, B. A., Howse, Andrea, Carmichael, I. and Judson, G. J. 1997, Phenotypes resulting from Huacaya by Huacaya, Suri by Huacaya and Suri by Suri alpaca crossings, in IAI 1997 : Shaping the future : Proceedings of the International Alpaca Industry 1997 seminar, Australian Alpaca Association, Melbourne, Vic., pp. 11-13. ...
Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Animalia • Phylum: Chordata • Subphylum: Vertebrata • Infraphylum: Gnathostomata • Superclassis: Tetrapoda • Classis: Mammalia • Subclassis: Theria • Infraclassis: Eutheria • Ordo: Artiodactyla • Subordo: Tylopoda • Familia: Camelidae • Genus: Vicugna Lesson, 1842 ...
Citation: Dubey, J.P., Cassey, S., Zajac, A., Wildeus, S., Lindsay, D., Verma, S., Oliveira, S., Kwok, O.C., Su, C. 2014. Isolation and genetic characterization of Toxoplasma gondii from alpaca (Vicugna pacos) and sheep (Ovis aries) grazed on pasture in Virginia. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 46:1503-1507. Interpretive Summary: Toxoplasma gondii is a single-celled parasite of all warm-blooded hosts worldwide. It causes mental retardation and loss of vision in children, and abortion in livestock. Cats are the main reservoir of T. gondii because they are the only hosts that can excrete the resistant stage (oocyst) of the parasite in the feces. Humans become infected by eating under cooked meat from infected animals and food and water contaminated with oocysts. Toxoplasmosis continues to be a major public health problem. Why some people become sick is largely unknown. The parasite genetics affects pathogenicity. In the present study, authors found that the strains of Toxoplasma isolated ...
KAUFMANN, Cristian A; ALVAREZ, María C; LHEUREUX, Lorena G y GUTIERREZ, María A. Dimorfismo sexual en la pelvis de Lama guanicoe (Artiodactyla, Camelidae): un caso de aplicación en el sitio Paso Otero 1, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Mastozool. neotrop. [online]. 2013, vol.20, n.1, pp.47-59. ISSN 0327-9383.. The assessment of sexual structure of fossil assemblages provide valuable information for the discussion of paleodemographic aspects and hunting strategies employed by prehistoric human groups. The aim of this study is to evaluate the sexual structure of the skeletal remains of guanaco (Lama guanicoe) recovered from the site Paso Otero 1, which is located in the Paso Otero archaeological locality (Necochea District, Buenos Aires Province). The methodology is based on previous studies conducted on a modern population of guanacos from Río Negro province. These results showed that the major osteological differences related to sexual dimorphism in postcranial skeleton correspond to variations in ...
The other event was the biennial Paco family reunion. Because of the trip to the hospital, we were a couple of hours late, but thats kind of the way I like it, since whenever you get a large number of Pacos together, you have to worry about the possibility of some kind of law enforcement sting operation, and I always like to make sure Im not walking into an ambush. I met a man with my same name who turned out to represent the Texas branch of the family. Frankly, I didnt know there was a Texas branch of the Pacos until I met this gentleman, who told me that a contingent of Pacos headed out that way in the early 1850s. He was a little vague on what the original bunch did out there; I asked him if they had anything to do with the cattle business, and he just smiled, shrugged and cocked his head to one side, as if to say, "something like that". Anyhow, I hope to follow up with him in the near future ...
Female mammals are classified into spontaneous and induced ovulators based on the mechanism eliciting ovulation. Ovulation in spontaneous species (e.g., human, sheep, cattle, horse, pigs, and most rodents) occurs at regular intervals and depends upon the circulating estradiol. However, in induced ovulators (e.g., rabbits, ferrets, cats, and camelids) ovulation is associated with coitus. In the later, various factors have been proposed to trigger ovulation, including auditory, visual, olfactory and mechanic stimuli. However, other studies have identified a biochemical component in the semen of induced ovulators responsible for the induction of ovulation and named accordingly ovulation inducing factor. In camelids, intramuscular or intrauterine administration of seminal plasma was shown to induce the preovulatory LH surge followed by ovulation and subsequent formation of corpus luteum. Recently, this ovulation inducing factor has been identified from seminal plasma as a neurotrophin, the nerve growth
Animals of the Huacaya breed have a rounded and bulky appearance. Huacaya fiber grows perpendicular to the body of the alpaca, and is bulky, smooth and dense. Its curls in its sponge-like fibre are shorter and duller compared with Suri, with an absence of wool grease that is characteristic of Corriedale sheep.[1] Suri fiber instead lies parallel to the body in long hanging well-defined locks which grow towards the ground. The fibre is silkier and more lustrous than that of the Huacaya, as well as being longer. Both breeds possess a vast array of coat colors, totalling 22 different varieties. The Huacaya alpaca is found in the Andes 4,000 m above sea level. Average males weigh 70kg and females weigh 65kg. they have a rounded and bulky appearance. Many of the alpacas in Chile are Huacayas. Peru has the worlds highest population of alpacas and 93% of that is the Huacayan type. Their wool is used to make scarves, vests, and sweaters. It is said that their meat is very high in protein even though it ...
Wheeler, Jane C. A brief History of Camelids in the Western Hemisphere. International Camelid Quarterly 2006 ICID. 2006. ISSN 1705-0332.. Vernacular ...
Camelids are large, strictly herbivorous animals with slender necks and long legs. They differ from ruminants in a number of ways.[2] Their dentition show traces of vestigial central incisors in the incisive bone, and the third incisors have developed into canine-like tusks. Camelids also have true canine teeth and tusk-like premolars, which are separated from the molars by a gap. The musculature of the hind limbs differs from those of other ungulates in that the legs are attached to the body only at the top of the thigh, rather than attached by skin and muscle from the knee upwards. Because of this, camelids have to lie down by resting on their knees with their legs tucked underneath their bodies.[1] They have three-chambered stomachs, rather than four-chambered ones; their upper lips are split in two, with each part separately mobile; and, uniquely among mammals, their red blood cells are elliptical.[2] They also have a unique type of antibodies which lack the light chain, in addition to the ...
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Animals produce antibodies much like those made by the human immune system. But some animals, such as llamas, also produce another type of antibody thats only about a quarter of the size of a typical human antibody. Such "single-domain" antibodies, or nanobodies, have several features that make them of interest as potential therapeutics.. Nanobodies are very stable, so they could potentially be stored for a long time after production. They can also be delivered by an inhaler directly to the lungs, which makes them particularly promising for respiratory infections such as COVID-19.. The World Health Organization declared COVID-19 an international pandemic on March 11, 2020. To date, it has infected more than 4 million people worldwide and killed over a quarter million. Researchers are rushing to develop vaccines. In the meantime, effective treatments are urgently needed.. Researchers led by Daniel Wrapp and Dr. Jason McLellan from the University of Texas, in collaboration with a Belgian research ...
There are experienced alpaca shearers who travel around shearing on site. They usually take around 5 to 10 minutes to shear one alpaca. The alpaca is tied down on their side by their legs. This holds the alpaca still so the shearer can shear with minimal injury (cuts) to the alpaca.. Are alpacas prone to desease?. Alpacas are generally disease free with only minimal vaccinations required. They need 5 in 1 and Ivomec vaccinations every six months, which protect the alpaca from intestinal parasites. Vaccinations vary for different locations so check your local veterinary for further details.. What is Johnes Disease?. Johnes Disease (JD) is spread to alpacas via faeces and can infect sheep and cattle as well. The disease is not common but there have been recorded cases in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Isolation of alpaca anti-hapten heavy chain single domain antibodies for development of sensitive immunoassay. AU - Kim, Hee Joo. AU - McCoy, Mark R.. AU - Majkova, Zuzana. AU - Dechant, Julie E. AU - Gee, Shirley J.. AU - Tabares-Da Rosa, Sofia. AU - González-Sapienza, Gualberto G.. AU - Hammock, Bruce D.. PY - 2012/1/17. Y1 - 2012/1/17. N2 - Some unique subclasses of Camelidae antibodies are devoid of the light chain, and the antigen binding site is comprised exclusively of the variable domain of the heavy chain (VHH). Although conventional antibodies dominate current assay development, recombinant VHHs have a high potential as alternative reagents for the next generation of immunoassay. We expressed VHHs from an immunized alpaca and developed a VHH-based immunoassay using 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (3-PBA), a major metabolite of pyrethroid insecticides as a model system. A phage VHH library was constructed, and seven VHH clones were selected by competitive binding with 3-PBA. The ...
Abstract:. The objectives of this study were to compare the effects of two intravaginal devices (ID) containing the same dose (0.5 g) of progesterone (P4) on subsequent ovarian response, embryo production and circulating P4 concentration profile in llamas (Lama glama) treated with equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) for ovarian superstimulation. Female llamas were randomly assigned (n = 10 llamas per group) to one of the following groups and treated (Day 0) with an ID containing 0.5 g of vegetal P4 to synchronize the emergence of a new follicular wave: i) DIB 0.5® and ii) Cronipres M15®. On Day 3 llamas were intramuscularly treated with 1000 IU of eCG. The IDs were removed on Day 7. Llamas were naturally mated (Day 9) and treated with GnRH analogue to induce ovulation. A second mating was allowed 24 h later. Embryos were collected between 7 and 8 days after the first mating. Blood samples were taken every day from Day 0 to Day 7 to measure circulating P4 concentrations. The results indicated ...
Camelids produce functional antibodies devoid of light chains and CH1 domains. The antigen-binding fragment of such heavy chain antibodies is therefore comprised in one single domain, the camelid heavy chain antibody VH (VHH). Here we report on the structures of three dromedary VHH domains in complex with porcine pancreatic alpha-amylase. Two VHHs bound outside the catalytic site and did not inhibit or inhibited only partially the amylase activity. The third one, AMD9, interacted with the active site crevice and was a strong amylase inhibitor (K(i) = 10 nm). In contrast with complexes of other proteinaceous amylase inhibitors, amylase kept its native structure. The water-accessible surface areas of VHHs covered by amylase ranged between 850 and 1150 A(2), values similar to or even larger than those observed in the complexes between proteins and classical antibodies. These values could certainly be reached because a surprisingly high extent of framework residues are involved in the interactions ...
We report the first molecular evolutionary analysis of the family Camelidae by analysing the full DNA sequence of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. Estimates for the time of divergence of the Old World (Camelini) and New World (Lamini) tribes obtained from sequence data are in agreement with those derived from the fossil record. The DNA sequence data were also used to test current hypotheses concerning the ancestors of the domesticated llama and alpaca. The results show that hybridization has occurred in the ancestry of both domesticated camelids, obscuring the origin of the domestic species. ...
Antibodies are proteins of the immune system that travel through the bloodstream and recognize potential threats to the body, whether bacteria, viruses or abnormal cells. Most antibodies have a characteristic Y shape. The tips of the Y form a "lock" that binds to a specific "key" carried by foreign bodies that the immune system should destroy.. According to Curiel, recent work by other groups has identified an unusually small and stable class of antibodies made by camels, alpacas and related species collectively classified as camelids. The "lock" of camelid antibodies consists of the stem of the Y only, so it cant unfold in the harsh internal environment of the cell.. "We found that when we incorporated the camelid antibodies into the virus, they retained their binding specificity," Curiel said. "This opens the door to targeting these antibodies to specific tumor markers.". Currently available viral-based cancer therapeutics and those in human trials are not targeted directly to tumor cells. ...
The isolation of J3 represents a significant improvement on previous nAbs derived from immunized animals as in single-domain VHH form it has a comparable breadth and potency to the best nAbs obtained from a limited number of natural human infections. In contrast, previous nAb clones characterized from immunized animals have only exhibited limited breadth (Forsman et al., 2008; Sundling et al., 2010). A caveat to this is the observation that sera with 17b-like binding specificity can be induced after immunization of humans (Vaine et al., 2010), and it should be noted that 17b and other Abs to CD4-induced epitopes are less broadly neutralizing as full-length mAbs than in Fab form (Labrijn et al., 2003). However, given the previously reported decrease in neutralization ability seen with the Fab of b12 (Labrijn et al., 2003), it appears the CD4-binding site of Env is not per se more easily targeted for neutralization by small Ab fragments as is the CD4-induced binding site, presumably because of the ...
Free resource for searching and exporting immune epitopes. Includes more than 95% of all published infectious disease, allergy, autoimmune, and transplant epitope data.
Take excellent care of your camelids. Discover knowledge about llama and alpaca health, nutrition, breeding, shearing, marketing, business management, and more.
Plum Creek Alpacas has many outstanding deals on Sold Alpacas. Our Alpacas We pride ourselves on our small herd of Huacaya alpacas. Intentionally keeping our herd small allows us work with our animals by using a hands-on approach that is especially essential w..
ABTAG is a camelid single-domain antibody (sdAb) that binds to bovine serum albumin (BSA) with low picomolar affinity. In surface plasmon resonance (SPR) analyses using BSA surfaces, bound ABTAG can be completely dissociated from the BSA surfaces at low pH, over multiple cycles, without any reduction in the capacity of the BSA surfaces to bind ABTAG. A moderate throughput, SPR-based, antibody screening assay exploiting the unique features of ABTAG is described. Anti-carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 6 (CEACAM6) sdAbs were isolated from a phage-displayed sdAb library derived from the heavy chain antibody repertoire of a llama immunized with CEACAM6 ...
Phage-displayed single domain antibodies (sdAb) were compared to monomeric solubly expressed sdAb and llama polyclonal antibodies for the detection of ricin. SdAb are comprised of the variable domain derived from camelid heavy chain only antibodies (HcAb). Although HcAb lack variable light chains, they as well as their derivative sdAb are able to bind antigens with high affinity. The small size of sdAb (~16 kDa), while advantageous in many respects, limits the number of labels that can be incorporated. The ability to incorporate multiple labels is a beneficial attribute for reporter elements. Opportunely, sdAb are often selected using phage display methodology. Using sdAb displayed on bacteriophage M13 as the reporter element gives the potential for incorporating a very high number of labels. We have demonstrated the use of both sdAb and phage- displayed sdAb for the detection of ricin using both enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) and Luminex fluid array assays. The phage-displayed sdAb led to
We are a family run Alpaca Farm, Rob, Raelene & Elyse since 1992, running over 400 alpacas, a Quarantine Facility for Export to anywhere in the world, and Raelene is an AQIS accred Exporter. Our successful Breeding Program is producing some of the finest alpacas in Australia-producing elite fleeces. using the GIFT technology, the latest technology in Alpaca Fleece Improvement. We welcome you to visit and enjoy our Blog page, and share experiences of alpaca farming in Australia. ...
We are a family run Alpaca Farm, Rob, Raelene & Elyse since 1992, running over 400 alpacas, a Quarantine Facility for Export to anywhere in the world, and Raelene is an AQIS accred Exporter. Our successful Breeding Program is producing some of the finest alpacas in Australia-producing elite fleeces. using the GIFT technology, the latest technology in Alpaca Fleece Improvement. We welcome you to visit and enjoy our Blog page, and share experiences of alpaca farming in Australia. ...
SCP-ES-199-C is surrounded in its entirety by a rehabilitation campus, functioning and inhabited by three types of sentient, sapient, and speech capable entities, labeled as SCP-ES-199-1, -2, and -3.. Either SCP-ES-199-1 and -2 appear to be workers of SCP-ES-199-C who perform various functions. SCP-ES-199-1 instances are entities that correspond to humanoids with characteristics of the species Equus ferus caballus, which fulfill the functions of nursing and janitorial services; while SCP-ES-199-2 instances correspond to humanoids with characteristics of the species Lama glama glama, which fulfill the positions of medical and administrative specialists.. SCP-ES-199-3 instances are anthropomorphic beings with characteristics of the Cathartidae family that fulfill the role of inmates. They have shown signs of severe mental deterioration, and many of them have attempted to escape from SCP-ES-199-C, being captured by SCP-ES-199-1 instances and later placed in solitary confinement.. Both SCP-ES-199-1, ...
Alpacas for sale from an alpaca breeder and farm, Skyline Alpacas, located in Portland, OR (us); Owned by Mary Jaffe. |b>***News Flash! On 7/27/19 Jillian delivered a beautiful girl cria for us! Likely a rose grey! ..
The Nanobodies4Instruct centre generates conformational Nanobodies to facilitate the structural analysis of proteins that are notoriously difficult to purify, to crystallize or to study by another method. Collective efforts of several laboratories have demonstrated that Nanobodies are exquisite chaperones for crystallizing complex biological systems such as membrane proteins, transient multiprotein assemblies, transient conformational states and intrinsically disordered proteins. Further, they can be used as structural probes of protein misfolding and fibril formation.. Nanobodies are the small (15 kDa) and stable single-domain fragments harboring the full antigen-binding capacity of the original heavy chain-only antibodies that naturally occur in camelids. Nanobodies are encoded by single gene fragments, they are easily produced in microorganisms and they exhibit a superior stability compared with derivatives of conventional antibodies such as Fabs or scFvs. Because of their compact prolate ...
Creative Biolabs currently presents to our worldwide clients multiple well-tailored premade single domain antibody (sdAb or domain antibody) libraries originated from camels and llamas.
J. Dong, A. A. Thompson, Y. Fan, J. Lou, F. Conrad, M. Ho, M. Pires-Alves, B. A. Wilson, R. C. Stevens and J. D. Marks (2010) A Single-Domain Llama Antibody Potently Inhibits the Enzymatic Activity of Botulinum Neurotoxin by Binding to the Non-Catalytic alpha-Exosite Binding Region J Mol Biol 397: 1106-1118 ; ...
Alpacas are kept in herds that graze on the level heights of the Andes of Ecuador, southern Peru, northern Bolivia, and northern Chile at an altitude of 3,500 m (11,483 ft) to 5,000 m (16,404 ft) meters above sea-level, throughout the year.[citation needed] Alpacas are considerably smaller than llamas, and unlike llamas, alpacas are not used as beasts of burden but are valued only for their fiber. Alpaca fiber is used for making knitted and woven items, much as sheeps wool is. These items include blankets, sweaters, hats, gloves, scarves, a wide variety of textiles and ponchos in South America, and sweaters, socks, coats and bedding in other parts of the world. The fiber comes in more than 52 natural colors as classified in Peru, 12 as classified in Australia and 16 as classified in the United States. [1] Alpacas and llamas differ in that alpacas have straight ears and llamas have banana-shaped ears. Aside from these differences, llamas are on average 1-2 feet taller and proportionally bigger ...
Alpaca fleece catching on in home furnishings In her eight years of business, Healdsburgs Sandra Jordan has observed a pattern in the way designers purchase from her eponymous range of alpaca textiles. Typically, they order a few cushions to see how it holds up, then maybe a throw, and then a couple of hundred yards for a bigger project, she says of the order escalation. The product, dubbed Prima Alpaca, comes in solids and plaids as well as sheers, and is available at Shears & Window in the San Francisco Design Center ($135 to $150 per yard, to the trade). [...] space in this years San Francisco Decorator Showcase, held in April, local interior designer Martha Angus incorporated a couple of teepees made with Prima Alpaca in Red Pepper and Daybreak.
Unisex Alpaca Scarf with chakana aguaje,Incastreasures Alpaca Scarves produced using the best alpaca, you can keep your hands warm using this confortable scarf, very soft, high quality , you can enjoy the benefits of the alpaca
This might surprise some: Im all in favour of small scale artisanal production. The usual image of a ravening free marketeer like myself is someone who wants to insist that everything be made in one factory in China on efficiency grounds. But efficiency, while useful and desirable in itself, is not the whole story. What were actually trying to do is maximise human utility. If you enjoy purchasing or using things that have been hand woven from groinal alpaca hair then good luck to you: if you enjoy rootling around alpacas and weaving said hair and can connect with that similarly inclined user then the world is a happier place that you can each make and use as you wish.. Free markets do, after all, imply the freedom to do as you wish rather than the freedom to do as youre told.. But as this story from Virginia Postrel makes clear, the true enemies of your being able to fumble artisanily with camelids are not those planning that single factory in China.. Although big companies like Mattel could ...
This study investigated the in vivo properties of two heavy chain antibody fragments (V\(_H\)H), ni3A and pa2H, to differentially detect vascular or parenchymal amyloid-\(\beta\) deposits characteristic for Alzheimers disease and cerebral amyloid angiopathy. Blood clearance and biodistribution including brain uptake were assessed by bolus injection of radiolabeled (V\(_H\)H) in APP/PS1 mice or wildtype littermates. In addition, in vivo specificity for A\(\beta\) was examined in more detail with fluorescently labeled (V\(_H\)H) by circumventing the blood-brain barrier via direct application or intracarotid co-injection with mannitol. All (V\(_H\)H) showed rapid renal clearance (10-20 min). Twenty-four hours post-injection \(^{99m}\)Tc-pa2H resulted in a small yet significant higher cerebral uptake in the APP/PS1 animals. No difference in brain uptake were observed for \(^{99m}\)Tc-ni3A or DTPA(\(^{111}\)In)-pa2H, which lacked additional peptide tags to investigate further clinical applicability. ...
K. E. Bird, Parker, J. E., Andreasen, C. B., Watrous, B. J., and Heidel, J. R., "Keratinizing ameloblastoma in a 9-month-old llama (Lama glama).", Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 89-92, 2004. ...
Kinesin-1 heavy chain antibody to detect human Kinesin-1 heavy chain . Validated on up to 12 cell lysates for western blotting. Try a trial size today.
Antigen Background Myosin is a contractile muscle specific protein composed of two heavy and four light chains. The myosin heavy chain has many isoforms which are specific for different muscles or fiber types, some of which are developmentally regulated. The range of myosin heavy chain antibodies may prove useful for investigating development of intrafusal and extrafusal muscle fibers and the course of muscle fiber regeneration. At the ultrastructural level, antibodies can reveal architectural details of the myofilament as well as the cytoplasmic and membrane sites of new myosin integration.. ...
Mouse Monoclonal Anti-Myosin Heavy Chain Antibody (3-48) [DyLight 488]. Validated: WB, ELISA, ICC/IF, IHC, IHC-P. Tested Reactivity: Human, Mouse, Rat. 100% Guaranteed.
Dynein Heavy chain antibody [440.4] for Dot, ELISA, ICC/IF, WB. Anti-Dynein Heavy chain mAb (GTX26305) is tested in Human, Chicken samples. 100% Ab-Assurance.
Rabbit polyclonal Ferritin Heavy Chain antibody validated for WB, IHC, ICC/IF and tested in Human and Mouse. Referenced in 11 publications and 2 independent…
1BZQ: A single-domain antibody fragment in complex with RNase A: non-canonical loop structures and nanomolar affinity using two CDR loops.
Jorge, M.C et al. Lama glama con signolog a y lesiones compatibles con paratuberculosis causadas por Mycobacterium avium subespecie avium. InVet, Jun 2008, vol.10, no.1, p.59-64. ISSN 1668- ...
Suri (surrey): less common breed of alpacas, accounting for about 10 percent of all alpacas, fiber grows parallel to body and hangs down the sides in penciled ringlets ...
Figure 1. Camelidae (Alpacas, Llamas and Camels) nanobodies have many advantages over mouse models due to their small size and specificity.. Instead of focusing on finding specific antigens on the tumor, these scientists actively aim at the tumor microenvironment. Nanobody CAR-T cells identify proteins in the tumor microenvironment, such as fibronectin EIIIB - which is found in neovascularization - immunosuppressive protein, and PD-L1 which is a known tumor surface marker for immunological checkpoint inhibition. In recent experiments, scientists treated both a melanoma mouse model, and melanoma and colon adenocarcinoma cell lines by using nanobody CAR-T. The results showed that nanobody CAR-T can significantly slow tumor growth and effectively kill tumor cells, improving animal survival without obvious side effects. The authors confirmed that the use of this CAR-T treatment that does not target the tumor itself may reduce the bodys excessive immune response. In addition, attacking the ECM ...
Ive been anxious to share our news... we are going to be emphasizing the LLAMA part of our farm name again (Seldom Scene Farm Alpacas and Llamas). We are scaling back our alpaca herd somewhat, with a goal of getting back down to fewer than 35 alpacas (including some old girls who will live here through their twilight years). That is a major change from our high of around 135 alpacas, including visitors for breeding. Why? Alpacas have been a great success for us, the "bread and butter" of our farm, but with young teens we know theyll be needing us to stick close in their years left at home. That means going to fewer alpaca shows, auctions, and meetings. (By the way, contact me if youre interested in some great alpaca bargains!) We do plan to get out to lots of our favorite spring shows (check out the show schedule in the calendar overhead, just cutting back a bit overall. Now, were not going to all of those shows, just posted them for your convenience ...
Ive been anxious to share our news... we are going to be emphasizing the LLAMA part of our farm name again (Seldom Scene Farm Alpacas and Llamas). We are scaling back our alpaca herd somewhat, with a goal of getting back down to fewer than 35 alpacas (including some old girls who will live here through their twilight years). That is a major change from our high of around 135 alpacas, including visitors for breeding. Why? Alpacas have been a great success for us, the "bread and butter" of our farm, but with young teens we know theyll be needing us to stick close in their years left at home. That means going to fewer alpaca shows, auctions, and meetings. (By the way, contact me if youre interested in some great alpaca bargains!) We do plan to get out to lots of our favorite spring shows (check out the show schedule in the calendar overhead, just cutting back a bit overall. Now, were not going to all of those shows, just posted them for your convenience ...
From the large number of recent publications using GFP-Trap beads, it appears that GFP-Trap is on the way to becoming one the most popular tags for co-IP thanks to its unparalleled "cleanness" of precipitated protein bands and its quantitative binding capabilities. As described previously, the antibody conjugated on the GFP-Trap beads is a single-domain antigen binding module from camelid single-chain antibodies. Termed VHH, this domain is only ~12 kD and can fit into structures that other types of antibodies cannot. We have successfully created VHH antibodies against a number of neural factors as a research project for the NIDA/NIH.. VHH antibodies are often called nanobodies as a result of their size (1.5 - 2.5nm) and binding affinity ( GFP-trap has a binding affinity of 0.59nM). In addition to their use for co-IP, VHH antibodies have proven themselves as a resilient tool for various other applications. Anti-GFP nanobodies, for example, are currently used to enhance the fluorescence of GFP ...
Journal of Vaccines is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles as well as review articles in all areas of vaccines.
Alpaca farms, alpaca breeders & businesses invite you to read their profiles & then contact them with questions. Learn from the alpaca industrys experts & leaders!
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Alpaca Masks : NOVICA, the Impact Marketplace, features a unique Alpaca Mask collection handcrafted by talented artisans worldwide.
This release contains provisional estimates for land use, crop areas and livestock populations on agricultural holdings in the UK and the size of the UK cereals and oilseed rape harvest for 2013. Final results will be published on 19 December 2013. Results are not yet available for poultry, horses, goats, farmed deer, camelids and labour numbers. These will be published with the final results on 19 December 2013. Wales do not produce provisional results for crop areas and livestock numbers so 2012 for Wales have been carried forward to allow UK totals to be calculated for 2013.
The associate director oversees emergency, inpatient and on-farm veterinary services for horses, food animals, camelids and backyard livestock. He directs the hospitals training program for veterinary students to develop clinical skills in equine and livestock surgery, medicine, reproduction, intensive care and other areas. Ferraro also supervises the residency program for veterinarians seeking to specialize in large animal or equine medicine ...
WSU has a proud history of MRI use since its installation in 1996. Magnetic resonance imaging has evolved to be the standard in advanced imaging of many structural and functional abnormalities in veterinary patients. It is highly effective in the diagnosis of many internal medical problems and in planning surgery or radiotherapy of the brain, spine, and other areas of the body. We also provide quality imaging and interpretation for the distal limb, head disorders in adult horses, as well as full body imaging of young foals, calves and small camelids. ...
Perennial Rye Grass Staggers (PRGS) is a common condition of cattle, sheep, camelids, and horses in many regions of Australia. It tends to occur in late summer and autumn and is caused by a fungus found within the rye grass plant. Unlike annual...
Agriotherium was about 2.7 metres (9 ft) in body length and weighed around 900 kilograms (1,980 lb), making it larger than most living bears. Except for the extinct subspecies of the modern polar bear Ursus maritimus tyrannus and Arctotherium, Agriotherium was, along with the short-faced bear, Arctodus simus, the largest member of terrestrial Carnivora. It had dog-like crushing teeth.[citation needed]. A 2011 estimate that compared the bites of a few selected bears, both extant and extinct, concluded that Agriotherium had the strongest bite-force of any mammalian land-predator yet estimated.[2]. Its was an omnivore, preying on horses, camelids, rhinos, bovids, chalicotheres and small or young proboscideans as well as vegetation. Agriotherium also likely scavenged, and would not have been hesitant about stealing kills from such animals as the sabertooth cat Amphimachairodus, with whom it shared territory in both China and North America, and the feliform Barbourofelis, which it lived alongside in ...
Pipe Creek Sinkhole near Swayzee in Grant County, Indiana, is one of the most important paleontological sites in the interior of the eastern half of North America, preserved because it was buried by glacial till. Uncovered in 1996 by workers at the Pipe Creek Junior limestone quarry, the sinkhole has yielded a diverse array of fossils from the Pliocene epoch dating back five million years. Discoveries have been made there of the remains of camelids, bears, beavers, frogs, snakes, turtles and several previously unknown species of rodents. Two fish taxa, bullhead (Ameiurus) and sunfish (Centrarchidae), have also been found there. Pipe Creek Sinkhole preserves an ancient wetland. It was created by the collapse of a limestone cave in a Silurian reef formation. That left a steep-sided depression about 75 meters (246 ft) long, 50 meters (164 ft) wide and 11 meters (36 ft) deep. When water collected in the depression, it became the habitat of the plants and animals whose remains were preserved there ...
Infectious Diseases Of Camelids Ornamental Pheasants For Beginners (Gold Cockerel Books) Poultry Inspection 2Nd Edition: Anatomy Physiology And Disease Conditions (Meat Inspection) The Homoeopath
Chuck Bednar for redOrbit.com - @BednarChuck. An effective vaccine against HIV has eluded scientists for decades, but new research published Wednesday in the journal Nature may provide the next best thing: a technique which inactivates virtually all strains of the virus using a genetically engineered protein.. According to U-T San Diego, scientists from the Scripps Research Institute in Florida and a team of colleagues from throughout the US and France have developed a protein that mimics a pair of receptors on the surface of the immune cells that are infected by the AIDS-causing virus.. [Related story: Llama antibodies capable of of neutralizing HIV]. When HIV encounters this protein, it starts behaving like it does when it is infecting a cell. This process causes changes in the virus that prevents it from any future attempts at infection, and the protein was 100 percent successful against neutralization-resistant strains of HIV-1, HIV-2 and SHIV-AD8 (an artificially-made blend of HIV and a ...
Hultberg, Anna, Temperton, Nigel J., Rosseels, Valerie, Koenders, Mireille, Gonzalez-Pajuelo, Maria, Schepens, Bert, Ibanez, Lorena Itatı, Vanlandschoot, Peter, Schillemans, Joris, Saunders, Michael, Weiss, Robin A., Saelens, Xavier, Melero, Jose A., Verrips, C. Theo, Van Gucht, Steven and de Haard, Hans J. (2011) Llama-derived single domain antibodies to build multivalent, superpotent and broadened neutralizing anti-viral molecules. PLoS ONE, 6 (4). pp. 1-12. ISSN 1932-6203 (on-line) (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0017665) ...
Although the weather has been lovely here (doesnt sunshine and mud free paddocks make you feel sooo good) the photo above wasnt taken this week; but is from a couple of summers ago. This is Robyn and Minnie. Minnie...registered as Fallowfield Minerva...know at Beck Brow as Minnie Moo...is our herd mascot...she features on our business cards and is in our advertisements (see Alpaca Culture)...she has also been sold! I know she is so very sweet, but our breeding plans have moved on since she came to us as a cria at foot in 2009...and when a client wanted a very friendly alpaca to add to her small herd, Minnie Moo seemed perfect. So Minnie was delivered to Jane on Monday afternoon...and from reports; both are rather happy with the arrangement. And if Minnie (who is pregnant to Waradene St Patrick of EPC) has another cria as gorgeous as Marco this will be the icing on the cake for her new owner ...
Llama Land is struck by a golden meteor which has desecrated the environment and encased the llamas in gold. You play as a llama who somehow managed to evade this but at the cost of winding up many miles away from home. Your objective is to travel through the bizarre and unusual realms the lie between you and your home, your ability to walk on ground and ceiling should come in handy.
Okay, so Skin Biopsy testing has been going on in the U.S. for a few years now, what do we think of it? EXPENSIVE ! .....I know about $300 per SB..........Im with you there. The average alpaca scores around a 38 follicles sq/mm. An exceptionally dense alpaca has above 65 follicoles sq/mm. Personally , we have not…
The Sera Wool Alpaca Mix Beanie will be like an old friend as soon as you put it on. A toasty alpaca mix chunky-knit beanie with a cute pompom and in stylish, wearable colour options. A beautiful addition to your winter look. ONeill
Classic Elite Silky Alpaca Lace Yarn - 2415 Pine Forest (Discontinued) - Reviews. Classic Elite Silky Alpaca Lace Yarn - 2415 Pine Forest (Discontinued) is available now at Jimmy Beans Wool with Free U.S. Flat Rate shipping for orders over $75, $4 U.S. Flat Rate shipping on all other orders!
AlpacaNation farm listing for Colusa Riverside Alpacas. View our farm information, sales list, herdsires, products and services, and get directions to visit our farm.
AlpacaNation farm listing for Quarry Ridge Alpacas. View our farm information, sales list, herdsires, products and services, and get directions to visit our farm.
Suri Cruise: Shoe Shopping with Katie Holmes! Katie Holmes and her daughter, Suri, go shopping on Sunday (January 9) at Holt Renfrew in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The 32-year-old actress and her…
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This is an aid to you, the alpaca owner, on what to expect and have on hand when I come shear your animals. Shearing day is THE big day of the year for alpaca people, for it is the day you harvest what your alpacas have given to you. With some preparation it will go smoothly and efficiently; and not be too stressful for the alpacas (or the people).. 1) Shearing Area- We will need a dry, semi-flat, shaded area of at least 12 feet square. That being said, I have sheared animals in the hot sun, on hillsides, and in the mud, so conditions dont always have to be ideal. Whats really needed is an area where the animal can be stretched out on a tarp on the ground and the shearer and helpers have room to move about. This will help insure your fiber comes off and is bagged in as good a condition as possible.. 2) Animal cleanliness- Your animals should be as clean as you can make them. This will increase the value of your shorn fleece. Commonly, alpacas are cleaned by using a high-speed blower, such as a ...
Endemic to the Andes region of South America, alpacas are a domesticated camelid species valued for their exquisite fiber, which is unique for its strength, sof
61 Donnie Darko Im kinda surprised that 3 OClock High did not make the list. And if were going with Big Gun films, why not Raising Arizona? Im sure there are a zillion others as well.. Yips! to Mixolydian Don, for whom we are currently trying to dig out the lyrics to the Llama Song. UPDATE: Of course, feel free to add any suggestions for other flicks you think should be on the list. No, Steve, not "Escape From New York.". FURTHER UPDATE: Can I get a shout-out for any of the following?. "Eric the Viking" - A Python-ish film about a Norseman who has a sudden attack of existential angst. Yes, its (a very young) Tim Robbins, but I still like the flick.. "Little Shop of Horrors" - "Feed me, Seymour!" The scene between Steve Martins sadistic dentist and Bill Murrays masochistic patient is one of the funniest of all times.. "Porkys" - I have to admit that as sophomoric as this film is, it causes me to laugh uproariously every time. "The Terminator" - Why the hell isnt this flick on the list? ...
Sites we think are orgle-icious. Want to join in the Llama Luv? Want us to stay the hell away from you? Do we keep calling you "Susan" when your real name is "Tammy"? Drop a line to Skippy the Llama Link-Master care of the Tasty Bits(TM) Mail Sack and well see what we can do ...
The story is about a little llama who goes shopping with his Mama Llama. Mama promises him a treat when they are done, but in the meantime, he has to try on clothes, shoes, and socks, and sit through grocery shopping at Shop-)-Rama (think Super WalMart). Somewhere in the middle of the grocery aisle, the little llama loses his patience and throws a fit. Not just any fit, either. He throws juice out of the cart and it explodes on the floor. He throws the pasta out and the bag bursts and it flies everywhere. Mama Llama, a fine example of the virtue of patience for mothers everywhere, tells Llama Llama that she isnt excited to be shopping, either, but they have to do it, and she is happy because at least she is with her baby. Then they clean up there mess, and the little one agrees to shop with Mama, so they can get their errands done ...
Introduction Single domains represent the smallest known fragment still capable of binding antigen that can be isolated from a full-sized immunoglobulin. In work on the cloning of antibody genes and construction ofRead More…. ...
Note: This product is restricted to NM, SD.• Provides A Supplemental Source Of Nutrients To Calves Foals Goat Kids Lambs Baby Pigs Fawns Elk Calves Llama and Alpaca Cria • Use The Enclosed Scoop To Measure Powder Into Warm Water and Mix Thoroughly Follow Instructions On The Back Of The Bag For M
Think you can pull the wool over our eyes? No Suri! You don't want to start a fight here, alpaca punch! We are not lion. #AlpacaPuns
Dr. Neelam Suri is a Gynaecologist in Defence Colony, Delhi. Book Appointment, Consult Online, View Doctor Fees, Contact Number, User Reviews and Ratings for Dr. Neelam Suri | Lybrate
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Katie Holmes and daughter Suri Cruise exited a New York City hotel together on July 9 and Suri looked totally adorable rocking a cute ponytail! Well help you get her look below!
Schematic representation of alpaca derived γ-H2AX specific VHHs generation and biochemical in vitro and in vivo characterization. (A) In the top is shown the a
Fullscreen (supported by IE11, latest versions of Firefox, Chrome, Safari (not including iOS Safari), Edge, Chrome for Android, Samsung Internet) ...
They only shear once a year,sometimes they make them look like lions & such.There are 2 kinds of alpacas,huacaya & suri.They only breed the suri,their fleece is better,I guess.He didn`t really know.But they are very expensive,they can cost up to $15,000 & even higher.Maybe I`ll get a couple instead of a new car,hah,hah ...
Photographic Gallery,Stock Photography, Photography commissions, Specialising in Birds and Wildlife, Plants and gardens, Taranaki landscapes, New Zealand Landscapes, Web site galleries and sales. Reveal Phone Number Visit our Studio Gallery and Craft shop for landscape and wildlife Photos and photo blocks All taken by Steve Hart. open 10 to 5 7 days a week, Located on SH 1 just south of Pakaraka (SH10 junction) we are also an Alpaca Farm with around 70 Alpacas and a Craft Shop and Felting Studio selling Alpaca fibre and products largly Hand Made by my wife Christine. Along with a range of other Northland Crafts,. Stock Photography, Photography commisions,Guided photo location opportunities,. Specialising in Birds and Wildlife, Plants and gardens,. New Zealand Landscapes, Web site www.naturalperceptions.com galleries and internet sales or www.naturallyalpacas.com for Alpacas and fiber information and sales. ...
Hi Caroline, thank you, and no it isnt all obvious. I shall be fencing them well away from the holiday let, and in such away that if any animal becomes a problem access can be more restricted. I suppose this is really an excuse for me to have Alpacas, and if it gives some pleasure and possibly ups the booking level then all well and good. What about feeding time, did you have a regular slot and encourage children to help? ...
In May the temperatures at Unity Farm have varied from a high of 90F to a low of 32F. At 90F, a fully insulated alpaca will be heat stressed. At 32F, a sheared alpaca will shiver. Its always challenging to pick the right date to shear. Our timing this year has been positive - the sheared alpaca were cool on the hot days. The low since shearing was 38F, but the alpaca warm up quickly after sunrise ...
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I recently met an alpaca at a petting zoo. His name was Ned, and he was utterly delightful. I must admit Ive been a bit obsessed with the idea of adding one of these.... ...
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"The feeds and feeding habits of Old and New World camels" (PDF). The Camelid. 1: 250-92. ... Gellner, A. M. K. (1994). Nomads and the Outside World (2nd ed.). University of Wisconsin Press. p. 108. ISBN 0-299-14284-1.. ... 2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 646. ... Simpson, C.D. (1984). "Artiodactyls". In Anderson, S.; Jones Jr., J.K.). Orders and families of recent mammals of the world. ...
"The feeds and feeding habits of Old and New World camels" (PDF). The Camelid. 1: 250-92. ... 2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 646. ... Simpson, C.D. (1984). "Artiodactyls". In Anderson, S.; Jones Jr., J.K.). Orders and families of recent mammals of the world. ... Nowak, R.M. (1999). Walker's Mammals of the World. 2 (6th ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 1078-81. ISBN 978-0-8018- ...
Cameloid footprint (Lamaichnum alfi Sarjeant and Reynolds, 1999; convex hyporelief) from the Barstow Formation (Miocene) of ... Over the years, many ichnites have been found, around the world, giving important clues about the behaviour (and foot structure ... Saurichnites intermedius Ichnites, a type of ichnite "Noahs Raven". Devlin, Hannah; agencies (2017-03-28). "World's largest ...
Burger, Pamela Anna (2016-04-05). "The history of Old World camelids in the light of molecular genetics". Tropical Animal ... The London Zoological Society recognizes it as the eighth most endangered large mammal in the world, and it is on the ... The wild Bactrian camel can also survive on water saltier than seawater, something which no other mammal in the world, ... "Bactrian camel". Saving the World's Most Extraordinary Species. EDGE of Existence. "Discovery of camels in the Gashun Gobi ...
... which is the woody plant that grows at the highest elevations in the world. Camelids, such as llamas, alpacas, vicuñas, are ... World Wildlife Fund. Coordinates: 21°00′00″S 68°00′00″W / 21.0000°S 68.0000°W / -21.0000; -68.0000. ...
Camelid pastoralism was also an important means of subsistence and for production of textiles. Evidence of man's presence in ... Boehm, Richard G.; Armstrong, David G.; Hunkins, Francis P.; Reinhartz, Dennis; Lobrecht, Merry (2005). The World and its ... "Yungay - the driest place in the world". Wondermondo. 3 November 2010. Retrieved 3 April 2013. ... The cold Humboldt Current offshore creates one of the world's richest marine ecosystems and supports large numbers of fish, ...
North America, therefore, links the South American camelids with those of the Old World (the dromedary and Bactrian camel). ... Camelids (of the genera Camelus, Lama, and Vicugna) will serve as proxies for the approximately six extinct camel species in ... Proof of this can be seen in the camelids of South America: the llama, alpaca, guanaco and vicuna. ... Herbivorous species considered beneficial for the regional ecosystems include the collared peccary, a species of New World wild ...
Ruminant Ungulate Wheeler, Jane C. (2012). "South American camelids - past, present and future" (PDF). Journal of Camelid ... 90% of the world's guanacos are in Argentina, distributed from the islands of the Beagle Channel and the southern extremity of ... The guanaco is a wild camelid, standing at 100-120 cm (39-47 in) at the shoulder and 150-160 cm (59-63 in) at the head. It can ... The vicuña is the smallest camelid, with a shoulder height of 75-100 cm (30-39 in) and a weight of 40-60 kg (88-132 lb). Its ...
Cause of naturally acquired generalized tuberculosis in voles and other mammals, including cats and new world camelids such as ...
In some parts of the world, livestock includes species such as buffalo, and the South American camelids, the alpaca and llama. ... Major changes took place in the Columbian Exchange when Old World livestock were brought to the New World, and then in the ... while the principal Old World livestock - cattle, horses, sheep and goats - were introduced into the New World for the first ... In the developed world, the majority of the poultry reared for meat is raised indoors in big sheds, with automated equipment ...
Camelids invaded the Old World via Beringia, and South America via the Isthmus of Panama, as part of the Great American ... Meanwhile, the New World members of the family became restricted to South America following the peopling of the Americas by ... These camelids are, with the two species of true camels, the sole extant representatives of a distinct section of Artiodactyla ... The Old World forms were gradually driven southward, perhaps by changes of climate, and having become isolated, they have ...
... mutations are rare in most of the Western world, but are more common in some places where malaria is endemic. In ... The abnormally shaped cells are known as elliptocytes or cameloid cells. The basis for this phenotype was first reported by ... Melanesia a greater percentage of the population is Gerbich negative (46.5%) than in any other part of the world. The incidence ...
There are hill people around the world, many of whom live in stone houses and herd goats, sheep or camelids or have small farms ...
"Ancient DNA evidence for Old World Origin of New World Dogs". Science. 298 (5598): 1613-1616. doi:10.1126/science.1076980. PMID ... Wheeler, Jane C. (December 2005). "Pre-Conquest Alpaca and Llama Breeding". The Camelid Quarterly (in Spanish). Conopa. ...
... such as the South American Camelid Specialist Group. WAZA promotes the use of the newly developed IUCN Red List of Threatened ... The World Zoo Conservation Strategy: The Role of the Zoos and Aquaria of the World in Global Conservation, IUDZG-International ... The World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) is the "umbrella" organisation for the world zoo and aquarium community. Its ... In 1993, The World Zoo Organisation (IUDZG) and the Captive Breeding Specialist Group of The World Conservation Union (IUCN) ...
The llama, a New World cameloid, could be used as pack animals for relatively light loads and were a source of wool and meat. ... world rank:2); strontium (world rank:3); bismuth (world rank:3); lead (world rank:5); cadmium (world rank:5); and zinc (world ... Latin America produces 45% of the world's copper, 50% of the world's silver, 26% of the world's molybdenum, and 21% of the ... However, in the post-World War II era, there was a renewed push, particularly since the newly established World Bank was more ...
Camelids (Camelidae). Three genera and six species. Pigs, babirusa, and warthog (Suidae). Six genera and 17 species. Peccaries ... This is the second major project by Lynx Edicions since the release of the Handbook of the Birds of the World in 1992. The ... Don E. Wilson is also editor of the reference work Mammal Species of the World. With an introduction to the class Mammalia by ... Handbook of the Mammals of the World (HMW) is a book series from the publisher Lynx Edicions. The nine volumes will be ...
The historic center of Arequipa spans an area of 332 hectares and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its historic heritage, ... Its industrial activity includes manufactured goods and camelid wool products for export. The city has close trade ties with ... Arequipa's rich history and art, which UNESCO recognized by designating the city as a world heritage site, are showcased in its ... In 2000, the historic centre of Arequipa was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. However, an 8.4-magnitude earthquake, on ...
New and Old World camelids, goats, sheep, and pigs - was common. Given its importance to humans and its value as a model of ... New and Old World camelids, goats, sheep, and pigs - was common. One study has concluded that human selection for domestic ... Zohary, D.; Hopf, M. (2000). Domestication of Plants in the Old World Oxford Univ. Press.[page needed] Hillman G, Hedges R, ... In other parts of the world very different species were domesticated. In the Americas squash, maize, beans, and perhaps manioc ...
... camelids, new world MeSH B01.150.900.649.077.380.201 --- camels MeSH B01.150.900.649.077.380.271 --- cattle MeSH B01.150. ...
Clay, J. (2004). World Agriculture and the Environment: A Commodity-by-Commodity Guide to Impacts and Practices. Washington, D. ... "Reproductive physiology in South American Camelids." Genetics of Reproduction in Sheep (2013): 81. Pough, F. W., Janis, C. M ... The pig-like creatures (Suina) are made up of two families: The pigs (Suidae) are limited to the Old World. These include the ... Artiodactyls are native to almost all parts of the world, with the exception of Oceania and Antarctica. Humans have introduced ...
... and New World porcupines. (The independent development of spines by New and Old World porcupines is another example of parallel ... A number of recently extinct North American (and in some cases also South American) taxa such as tapirs, equids, camelids, ... Cheetahs in the broadest sense could be added to this list, although the New and Old World forms are in different genera.) Old ... The World of Elephants (La Terra degli Elefanti) - Proceedings of the 1st International Congress (Atti del 1 Congrsso ...
New and Old World camelids, goats, sheep, and pigs - was common. One study has concluded that human selection for domestic ... New and Old World camelids, goats, sheep, and pigs - was common. Bidirectional gene flow between domestic and wild reindeer ... The sustained admixture between different dog and wolf populations across the Old and New Worlds over at least the last 10,000 ... The chicken is one of the most widespread domesticated species and one of the human world's largest sources of protein. ...
The camelid family consists of the Old World camelids (the dromedary camels, Bactrian camels, and wild Bactrian camels) and the ... World Book Encyclopedia. World Book. 1998. ISBN 0-7166-0098-6. Great Book of the Animal Kingdom. New York: Crescent Books. 1993 ... New World camelids (the llama, vicuna, suri alpaca, huacaya alpaca, and guanaco). Though there have been successful and fertile ... "World's First Camel And Llama Cross Now Has Friends". Impactlab.net. April 8, 2008. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012 ...
The people domesticated camelids such as llamas. Camelids were used for pack animals, for fiber, and for meat. They produced ... It has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The chief example of architecture is the Chavín de Huantar temple. The ... The people hunted mainly deer and began to hunt and use camelids. They ate clams and shellfish from the Pacific Ocean, as well ... This product was commonly traded by camelid-herders and was the main economic resource for the Chavín people. Chavín people ...
Cameloid footprint (Lamaichnum alfi Sarjeant and Reynolds, 1999; convex hyporelief) from the Barstow Formation (Miocene) of ... Apes arose and diversified during the Miocene, becoming widespread in the Old World. By the end of this epoch, the ancestors of ... camelids, and whales, along with now extinct groups like borophagine canids, certain gomphotheres, three-toed horses, and ...
Old World camels have come into the focus as sustainable livestock species, unique in their morphological and physiological ... Population genetic and phylogenetic analyses in Old World camelids. The population genetic analyses in Old World camelids ... The origin of the Old World camelids traces back to the Eocene (40-45 mya) when the first ancestors of the camelid family were ... Application of New World Camelidae microsatellite primers for amplification of polymorphic loci in Old World camelids. Anim. ...
Similarly for New World camelids, some data are available, mins for cervids and New World camelids are extrapolated but many ... Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants: Sheep, Goats, Cervids, and New World Camelids (2007) Chapter: Summary. ... Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants: Sheep, Goats, Cervids, and New World Camelids Get This Book × ... Chapter 3 addresses the feeding tables for sheep, goats, cervids, and New World camelids behavior of small ruminants, including ...
Comparative FISH-Mapping of MC1R, ASIP, and TYRP1 in New and Old World Camelids and Association Analysis With Coat Color ... Comparative FISH-Mapping of MC1R, ASIP, and TYRP1 in New and Old World Camelids and Association Analysis With Coat Color ... Comparative FISH-Mapping of MC1R, ASIP, and TYRP1 in New and Old World Camelids and Association Analysis With Coat Color ... Comparative FISH-Mapping of MC1R, ASIP, and TYRP1 in New and Old World Camelids and Association Analysis With Coat Color ...
The objectives of this study were to identify, map and characterize the MHC region of Old World camelids, with special ... Three species of Old World camels have been recognized: the dromedary (Camelus dromedarius), Bactrian camel (Camelus bactrianus ... Exon 2 polymorphisms of MHC class II genes in Old World camelids. DRA exon 2. The exon 2 of the DRA gene spans 246 bp in all ... Table 1 Total numbers of Old World camelids analyzed for MHC class II genes. Full size table ...
HYPERKERATOTIC SKIN CONDITIONS IN NEW WORLD CAMELIDS. Hyperkeratotic skin conditions in New World camelids ... pinnae and neck.1 Colored fleeced New World camelids appear to be more susceptible than white fleeced New World camelids, and ... In New World camelids affected with ichthyosis, lesions resemble those of LI. A genetic cause has yet to be elucidated, but it ... New World camelids are exposed to and affected by several ectoparasites, the most common of which are mites. They are ...
These farms produce more than 80 percent of the worlds food in value terms, confirming their central importance in world food ... Camelids. Camelids - ranging from alpacas and llamas to dromedary and Bactrian camels - are the primary means of subsistence ... From now on, May 20 will mark World Bee Day. And 2019 will mark the beginning of the UN Decade of Family Farming, drawing more ... 21 December 2017, Rome - FAO welcomes the UNs decision to create a decade on family farming, a World Bee Day, a day promoting ...
Rent and save from the worlds largest eBookstore. Read, highlight, and take notes, across web, tablet, and phone. ... alpaca analysis analytical units Andean camelids animal archaeological sample articulation astragali bone elements burning ... butchery calcanea Calcaneum camel camelid camelid bone carpals Cervid chilla charqui Cobo condyles consumption cultural Cuzco ... An Introduction to the Ethnoarchaeology of the Andean Camelids. George Robert Miller. Snippet view - 1979. ...
World Organisation for Animal Health. Infection with coronavirus in camels, Iran [cited 2015 Oct 11]. http://www.oie.int/wahis_ ... Density of camelids in Kazakhstan (extracted from the Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan Committee on ... Density of camelids in Kazakhstan (extracted from the Ministry of National Economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan Committee on ... Of the ≈180,000 camels in Kazakhstan, we studied camelids from only 2 of the 13 provinces. No samples were collected from the ...
New world camelids; Fish; Amphibians; and Reptiles (crocodilians, lizards, chelonians, and snakes). ...
... and treatment of shock and hypovolemia is instrumental to improve morbidity and mortality of critically ill camelids. Early ... The estimation of fluid deficits in camelids is challenging. However, early recognition ... Camelids, New World*. Cardiovascular Agents / administration & dosage, therapeutic use. Colloids / administration & dosage, ... The estimation of fluid deficits in camelids is challenging. However, early recognition and treatment of shock and hypovolemia ...
"The feeds and feeding habits of Old and New World camels" (PDF). The Camelid. 1: 250-92. ... Gellner, A. M. K. (1994). Nomads and the Outside World (2nd ed.). University of Wisconsin Press. p. 108. ISBN 0-299-14284-1.. ... 2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 646. ... Simpson, C.D. (1984). "Artiodactyls". In Anderson, S.; Jones Jr., J.K.). Orders and families of recent mammals of the world. ...
"The feeds and feeding habits of Old and New World camels" (PDF). The Camelid. 1: 250-92. ... 2005). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 646. ... Simpson, C.D. (1984). "Artiodactyls". In Anderson, S.; Jones Jr., J.K.). Orders and families of recent mammals of the world. ... Nowak, R.M. (1999). Walkers Mammals of the World. 2 (6th ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 1078-81. ISBN 978-0-8018- ...
Tooth root abscesses in New World camelids: 23 cases (1972-1994). Title. Tooth root abscesses in New World camelids: 23 cases ( ... To determine typical clinical and radiographic findings in a group of New World camelids with tooth root abscesses and to ...
News Feature: Getting the worlds fastest cat to breed with speed. Cheetahs once rarely reproduced in captivity. Today, cubs ... Phage neutralization by camelid nanobodies. Aline Desmyter, Carine Farenc, Jennifer Mahony, Silvia Spinelli, Cecilia Bebeacua, ... Phage neutralization by camelid nanobodies. Aline Desmyter, Carine Farenc, Jennifer Mahony, Silvia Spinelli, Cecilia Bebeacua, ... 2009) Camelid nanobodies raised against an integral membrane enzyme, nitric oxide reductase. Protein Sci 18(3):619-628. ...
Camelids, New World • Cheirogaleidae • Data Interpretation, Statistical • Databases, Factual • Dental Enamel Proteins • ...
Viral diseases of new world camelids.. Kapil S, Yeary T, Evermann JF. ... World J Clin Cases. 2014 Dec 16;2(12):934-7. doi: 10.12998/wjcc.v2.i12.934. ...
Camelids (Camelidae). Three genera and six species. Pigs, babirusa, and warthog (Suidae). Six genera and 17 species. Peccaries ... This is the second major project by Lynx Edicions since the release of the Handbook of the Birds of the World in 1992. The ... Don E. Wilson is also editor of the reference work Mammal Species of the World. With an introduction to the class Mammalia by ... Handbook of the Mammals of the World (HMW) is a book series from the publisher Lynx Edicions. The nine volumes will be ...
vicuna (a camelid related to the llama); national colors: red, white National anthem: name: "Himno Nacional del Peru" (National ... until 1996 the worlds largest coca leaf producer, Peru is now the worlds second largest producer of coca leaf, though it lags ... of the worlds earthquakes and some 75% of the worlds volcanoes occur within the Ring of Fire. note 3: on 19 February 1600, ... note 1: shares control of Lago Titicaca, worlds highest navigable lake, with Bolivia; a remote slope of Nevado Mismi, a 5,316 ...
30 Ophthalmology of New World Camelids. Juliet R. Gionfriddo. 31 Laboratory Animal Ophthalmology ... New chapters cover ophthalmic genetics and DNA tests, microsurgery, photography, camelid ophthalmology, and rabbit ...
Nutrient requirements of small ruminants: sheep, goats, cervids, and new world camelids, 7th edition. The National Academies ...
S1-3, Old World Camelids, oral. Description. Abstract:. After decades of collecting animal bones at archeological sites in ...
Old and New World camelids 38. Buffalo and related species 39. Deer 40. Laboratory and pet rodents and lagomorphs 41. ...
Pteropodidae (Old World fruit bat kind). Old world fruit bats are a diverse group with 186 species placed in 42 genera (Wilson ... Camelids have a three chambered ruminating stomach. All ruminants have a distinctive four chambered ruminating stomach, though ... Cercopithecidae (Old world monkey kind). There are 21 genera and 132 species of Old World monkeys (Wilson and Reeder 2005). ... Hystricidae (Old World porcupine kind). Old World porcupines are comprised of three genera and 11 species (Wilson and Reeder ...
My teaching and research is grounded in applicability to the real world, and Im proud that my work can help improve horse ...
They are the oldest domestic animals in the world(domesticated aroun… ... ALPACAS are Social and domesticated members of the South American Camelid family. ... 2.  Social and domesticated members of the South American Camelid family  They are the oldest domestic animals in the world( ... 4.  Camelids originated from the central plains of N. America about 40 million years ago  Began migrating around 3 million ...

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