A milky, product excreted from the latex canals of a variety of plant species that contain cauotchouc. Latex is composed of 25-35% caoutchouc, 60-75% water, 2% protein, 2% resin, 1.5% sugar & 1% ash. RUBBER is made by the removal of water from latex.(From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed). Hevein proteins are responsible for LATEX HYPERSENSITIVITY. Latexes are used as inert vehicles to carry antibodies or antigens in LATEX FIXATION TESTS.
A plant genus of the family ASCLEPIADACEAE. The downy akund floss fiber from the seeds is used like kapok.
The dogbane family of the order Gentianales. Members of the family have milky, often poisonous juice, smooth-margined leaves, and flowers in clusters. Asclepiadacea (formerly the milkweed family) has been included since 1999 and before 1810.
A carbamate insecticide with anticholinesterase activity.
Hair-like extensions on specialized epidermal surfaces of plants which protect against damage from insects, animals, light degradation and fungal infection. Trichomes may also occur on certain unicellular EUKARYOTES.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.
A group of islands in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, the three main islands being St. Croix, St. Thomas, and St. John. The capital is Charlotte Amalie. Before 1917 the U.S. Virgin Islands were held by the Danish and called the Danish West Indies but the name was changed when the United States acquired them by purchase.
The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Alkaloids extracted from various species of Cinchona.
A plant species of the genus DATURA, family SOLANACEAE, that contains TROPANES and other SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS.
A plant genus of the family COMBRETACEAE. Members contain arjunin, an ellagitannin (TANNINS).
A tough, malleable, iron-based alloy containing up to, but no more than, two percent carbon and often other metals. It is used in medicine and dentistry in implants and instrumentation.
The gradual destruction of a metal or alloy due to oxidation or action of a chemical agent. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Infections caused by infestation with worms of the class Trematoda.
Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.
Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Cultivation of PLANTS; (FRUIT; VEGETABLES; MEDICINAL HERBS) on small plots of ground or in containers.
The various physical methods which include wind, insects, animals, tension, and water, by which a plant scatters its seeds away from the parent plant.
The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)
A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The fruit is a large, egg-shaped berry, varying in color from dark purple to red, yellowish, or white. The leaves are large and ovate. The flowers are pendant, violet, and two inches across.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS. Some species in this genus are called deadly nightshade which is also a common name for ATROPA BELLADONNA.
A plant family of the order Solanales, subclass Asteridae. Among the most important are POTATOES; TOMATOES; CAPSICUM (green and red peppers); TOBACCO; and BELLADONNA.
A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.
The reproductive organs of plants.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Relocating a patient to a CLIMATE more suitable for health or for management of a health condition.
An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the reaction between superoxide anions and hydrogen to yield molecular oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme protects the cell against dangerous levels of superoxide. EC 1.15.1.1.
An enzyme catalyzing the oxidation of 2 moles of glutathione in the presence of hydrogen peroxide to yield oxidized glutathione and water. EC 1.11.1.9.
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
Highly reactive molecules with an unsatisfied electron valence pair. Free radicals are produced in both normal and pathological processes. They are proven or suspected agents of tissue damage in a wide variety of circumstances including radiation, damage from environment chemicals, and aging. Natural and pharmacological prevention of free radical damage is being actively investigated.
Inorganic compounds that contain the OH- group.
An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the conversion of HYDROGEN PEROXIDE to water and oxygen. It is present in many animal cells. A deficiency of this enzyme results in ACATALASIA.

Histamine mediates the pro-inflammatory effect of latex of Calotropis procera in rats. (1/28)

INTRODUCTION: Calotropis procera is known to produce contact dermatitis and the latex of this plant produces intense inflammation when injected locally. However, the precise mode of its pro-inflammatory effect is not known. In present study we have pharmacologically characterized the inflammation induced by latex of C. procera in a rat paw edema model and determined the role of histamine in latex-induced inflammation. METHODS: Inflammation was induced in the hind paw of rats by injecting different doses of dried latex (DL) of C. procera. The inhibitory effect of phenylbutazone, dexamethasone, celecoxib, cyproheptadine, chlorpheniramine and compound 48/80 on edema volume was evaluated and compared with that against carrageenan. The histamine content of DL was measured fluorometrically. RESULTS: DL produced dose-dependent inflammation of the rat paw. Cyproheptadine and chlorpheniramine effectively inhibited DL-induced inflammation (90%; p < 0.01), while anti-inflammatory drugs phenylbutazone, dexamethasone and celecoxib were more effective against carrageenan-induced inflammation. Depletion of mast cell histamine by compound 48/80 produced a significant decrease in DL-induced inflammation as compared with carrageenan (500% versus 25%). DL was also found to contain about 6 microg/g of histamine. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, our study shows that the biogenic amines play a significant role in C. procera latex-induced inflammation and antihistaminic drugs could be effectively used to inhibit inflammatory response elicited by exposure to latex.  (+info)

Studies on anti-diarrhoeal activity of Calotropis gigantea R.Br. in experimental animals. (2/28)

PURPOSE: Calotropis gigantea R. Br. (Asclepiadaceae) a wildly growing plant has been reported to possess number of medicinal properties and other purposes. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate scientifically the anti-diarrheal effects of C. gigantea used traditionally in Indian system of medicine using castor oil-induced diarrhoea model. METHODS: The anti-diarrheal effect of hydroalcoholic (50:50) extract of aerial part of Calotropis gigantea was studied against castor oil-induced-diarrhea model in rats. The gastrointestinal transit rate was expressed as the percentage of the longest distance traversed by the charcoal divided by the total length of the small intestine. The weight and volume of intestinal content induced by castor oil were studied by enteropooling method. RESULTS: Like atropine (3 mg/kg, i.p.) there were significant reductions in fecal out put and frequency of droppings when the plant extracts of 200 and 400 mg/kg doses were administered intraperitoneally compared with castor oil treated rats. All doses of the plant extracts also significantly retarded the castor-oil induced enteropooling and intestinal transit. The dose 100 (P<0.01), 200 and 400 mg/kg significantly inhibited (P<0.001) weight and volume of intestinal content. CONCLUSIONS: The remarkable anti-diarrheal effect of C.gigantea extract against castor oil-induced diarrhea model attests to its utility in a wide range of diarrheal states  (+info)

Involvement of prostaglandins in inflammation induced by latex of Calotropis procera. (3/28)

INTRODUCTION: The aerial parts of the plant Calotropis procera produce milky white latex that causes inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes. Prostaglandins are one of the mediators released in an inflammatory response following induction of cyclooxygenase (COX). In the present study, we have evaluated the role of prostaglandins in inflammatory response elicited by the latex of C. procera. METHODS: Aqueous extract of dried latex of C. procera was injected into the 6-day air-pouch in the rat. The inflammatory response was evaluated by studying the air-pouch fluid for its volume, protein and prostaglandin (PG) E2 concentrations, and leucocyte counts. The granulation tissue from the pouch was quantified and studied for COX-2 expression by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. The inhibitory effect of celecoxib and dexamethasone was evaluated on the aforementioned parameters. RESULTS: Dried latex produced an inflammatory response that was maximum at 6 h. It was associated with the accumulation of protein-rich fluid, leucocytes and PGE2 production. It also resulted in granulation of the pouch cavity that was a maximum on day 3. COX-2 expression could be detected in the granulation tissue on day 1 and it increased progressively up to day 5. The anti-inflammatory drugs celecoxib and dexamethasone significantly attenuated the inflammatory response and inhibited COX-2 expression in granulation tissue. CONCLUSIONS: Latex of C. procera induces an inflammatory response characterized by an early exudative phase accompanied by PGE2 production and a late proliferative phase associated with COX-2 induction. Both the phases were effectively inhibited by COX-2 inhibitors.  (+info)

Calotropis procera latex-induced inflammatory hyperalgesia--effect of antiinflammatory drugs. (4/28)

The milky white latex of plant Calotropis procera produces inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes on accidental exposure. It produces edema on local administration due to the release of histamine and prostaglandins and is associated with hyperalgesia. In the present study we have evaluated the antiedematous and analgesic activity of antiinflammatory drugs against inflammatory response induced by dried latex (DL) of C procera in rat paw edema model. An aqueous extract of DL of C procera was injected into the subplantar surface of the rat paw and the paw volume was measured by a plethysmometer at 0, 1, 2, 6, 12, and 24 hours. Concomitantly the hyperalgesic response was also evaluated by motility test, stair climbing ability test, dorsal flexion pain test, compression test, and observing the grooming behavior. The inhibitory effect of diclofenac and rofecoxib on edema formation and hyperalgesic response was compared with cyproheptadine (CPH). DL-induced edema formation was maximum at 2 hours that was associated with decreased pain threshold, functional impairment, and grooming. Treatment with antiinflammatory drugs and CPH significantly attenuated the edematous response and grooming, increased the pain threshold, and improved functional parameters. Both antiinflammatory and antiserotonergic drugs significantly inhibited the hyperalgesia associated with DL-induced paw edema. Rofecoxib was found to be superior than diclofenac and was as effective as CPH in ameliorating the hyperalgesia. However, it was found to be less effective than CPH in attenuating edema formation.  (+info)

Antiinflammatory efficacy of extracts of latex of Calotropis procera against different mediators of inflammation. (5/28)

The latex of the plant Calotropis procera has been reported to exhibit potent antiinflammatory activity against carrageenin and formalin that are known to release various mediators. In the present study, we have evaluated the efficacy of extracts prepared from the latex of C procera against inflammation induced by histamine, serotonin, compound 48/80, bradykinin (BK), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the rat paw oedema model. The paw oedema was induced by the subplantar injection of various inflammagens and oedema volume was recorded using a plethysmometer. The aqueous and methanol extracts of the dried latex (DL) and standard antiinflammatory drugs were administered orally 1 hour before inducing inflammation. The inhibitory effect of the extracts was also evaluated against cellular influx induced by carrageenin. The antiinflammatory effect of aqueous and methanolic extracts of DL was more pronounced than phenylbutazone (PBZ) against carrageenin while it was comparable to chlorpheniramine and PBZ against histamine and PGE2, respectively. Both extracts produced about 80%, 40%, and 30% inhibition of inflammation induced by BK, compound 48/80, and serotonin. The histological analysis revealed that the extracts were more potent than PBZ in inhibiting cellular infiltration and subcutaneous oedema induced by carrageenin. The extracts of DL exert their antiinflammatory effects mainly by inhibiting histamine and BK and partly by inhibiting PGE2.  (+info)

Inhibition of Calotropis procera latex-induced inflammatory hyperalgesia by oxytocin and melatonin. (6/28)

The latex of the wild growing plant Calotropis procera produces inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes upon accidental exposure. On local administration it elicits an intense inflammatory response due to the release of histamine and prostaglandins that is associated with hyperalgesia. In the present study we have evaluated the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activity of oxytocin and melatonin against rat paw edema induced by dried latex (DL) of C procera and compared it with that against carrageenan-induced paw edema. Aqueous extract of DL of C procera or carrageenan (1%) was injected into the subplantar surface of the rat paw and the paw volume was measured at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 10, and 24 hours. The associated hyperalgesic response and functional impairment were also evaluated concomitantly by dorsal flexion pain test, motility test, and stair climbing ability test. The inhibitory effect of oxytocin and melatonin on edema formation and hyperalgesic response was compared with dexamethasone. DL-induced edema formation was maximum at 2 hours and was associated with decreased pain threshold and functional impairment. Treatment with melatonin significantly attenuated the edematous response while both oxytocin and melatonin increased the pain threshold and improved functional parameters. Both oxytocin and melatonin significantly inhibited the hyperalgesia associated with DL-induced paw edema. Oxytocin was found to be as effective as melatonin in ameliorating the hyperalgesic response. However, it was found to be less effective than melatonin in attenuating edema formation.  (+info)

Anticancer and cytotoxic properties of the latex of Calotropis procera in a transgenic mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma. (7/28)

AIM: To evaluate the anticancer property of the dried latex (DL) of Calotropis procera, a tropical medicinal plant, in the X15-myc transgenic mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma and to elucidate its mechanism of action in cell culture. METHODS: The young transgenic mice were orally fed with the aqueous suspension of DL (400 mg/kg for 5 d/wk) for 15 wk and their liver was examined for histopathological changes at 20 wk. Serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were also measured in these animals. To characterize the active fraction, DL was extracted with petroleum ether followed by methanol. The methanolic extract was sub-fractionated on a silica gel G column using a combination of non-polar and polar solvents and eleven fractions were obtained. Each fraction was analysed for cytotoxic effect on hepatoma (Huh7) and non-hepatoma (COS-1) cell lines and non-transformed hepatocytes (AML12) using tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Finally, the mechanism of cell death was investigated by measuring the levels of Bcl2, caspase 3 and DNA fragmentation. RESULTS: DL treatment of mice showed a complete protection against hepatocarcinogenesis. No adverse effect was observed in these animals. The serum VEGF level was significantly lowered in the treated mice as compared to control animals. Cell culture studies revealed that the methanolic extract of DL as well as its fraction 8 induced extensive cell death in both Huh-7 and COS-1 cells while AML12 cells were spared. This was accompanied by extensive fragmentation of DNA in Huh-7 and COS-1 cells. No change in the levels of canonical markers of apoptosis such as Bcl2 and caspase 3 was observed. CONCLUSION: DL of C. procera has the potential for anti-cancer therapy due to its differentiable targets and non-interference with regular pathway of apoptosis.  (+info)

Latex constituents from Calotropis procera (R. Br.) display toxicity upon egg hatching and larvae of Aedes aegypti (Linn.). (8/28)

Calotropis procera R. Br. (Asclepiadaceae) is a well-known medicinal plant with leaves, roots, and bark being exploited by popular medicine to fight many human and animal diseases. This work deals with the fractionation of the crude latex produced by the green parts of the plant and aims to evaluate its toxic effects upon egg hatching and larval development of Aedes aegypti. The whole latex was shown to cause 100% mortality of 3rd instars within 5 min. It was fractionated into water-soluble dialyzable (DF) and non-dialyzable (NDF) rubber-free materials. Both fractions were partially effective to prevent egg hatching and most of individuals growing under experimental conditions died before reaching 2nd instars or stayed in 1st instars. Besides, the fractions were very toxic to 3rd instars causing 100% mortality within 24 h. When both fractions were submitted to heat-treatment the toxic effects were diminished considerably suggesting low thermostability of the toxic compounds. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of both fractions and their newly fractionated peaks obtained through ion exchange chromatography or desalting attested the presence of proteins in both materials. When submitted to protease digestion prior to larvicidal assays NDF lost most of its toxicity but DF was still strongly active. It may be possible that the highly toxic effects of the whole latex from C. procera upon egg hatching and larvae development should be at least in part due to its protein content found in NDE However the toxicity seems also to involve non protein molecules present in DF.  (+info)

Aak, Madar Plant (Calotropis gigantea) is a perennial shrub used in purgation and vomiting therapy. Find out Aak medicinal uses, benefits and dosage
p style=margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;,Introduction: Medicinal plants are considered to be safer, non-toxic and less harmful as compared to synthetic based drugs that are available. In this study, we focused on aqueous leaves extract of Calotropis gigantea for determining its antimicrobial activity in infected (dengue) human whole blood samples using flow cytometry.Methods: Infected dengue human blood samples (n = 5; confirmed on the basis of NS1 antigen to dengue virus;) were collected from pathology lab and evaluated its blood counts (lymphocytes, monocytes and granulocytes count); forward scatter (FSC) and side scatter (SSC) including CD14 monocyte surface marker following the use of variable doses of aqueous leaves extract of C. gigantea.Results: In this study, the results showed that aqueous leaves extract of C. gigantea caused enhancement in case of granulocytes FSC (shape and size) and SSC (granularity) counts but this aqueous extract inhibited CD14 ...
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Calotropis gigantea image
Abstract This work presents antibacterial potential and anatomical investigation of Calotropis procera (Aiton) Dryand. Populations from different areas of Mirpur (Azad Jammu & Kashmir), Pakistan. In the research, three different areas (viz: Jarikus, Khaliqabad and Jatlan) were selected for population sampling (leaf parts) having no symptom of disease. Leaf powder was macerated in two solvents and tested against four pathogenic bacterial strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa). The methanolic extract depicted highest zone of inhibition (ZI) values with 14.67±1 mm against Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) while aqueous extract showed good ZI (14±1 mm) against this bacterium. Extract from Jatlan sample showed highest ZI values for methanolic fraction against Staphylococcus aureus and least effect against Bacillus subtilis (13±1 mm). Against E. coli methanol showed 14.7±0.8 mm and aqueous showed 11±0.5 mm zone of inhibition. Against Pseudomonas ...
Objective: This study aims to isolate the active anticancer compound from ethyl acetate fraction extracted in the roots of Calotropis gigantea also to determine the operating mechanism from the isolates towards WiDr cancer of the colon cells. Bottom line: Calotroposide A induces anticancer activity against WiDr cancer of the colon cells through apoptosis induction system through extrinsic pathway with an increase of appearance of caspase-8. solid course=kwd-title Keywords: Calotropis gigantea, calotroposid A, apoptosis, WiDr cell series, cell routine arrest Launch Calotropis gigantea (C.gigantea) is a seed that grows crazy and it is widespread in Indonesia. For years, this seed continues to be typically utilized by the folks of Indonesia to remedy rashes, scabies, boils, cough, trachoma, constipation (the leaves), asthma, nausea, belly pain (the plants), syphilis, viper bites (the roots), toothache, swelling, ear inflammation, intestinal worms infestation and dysentery (Radjakmanugunsudarso ...
Calotropis is a genus of flowering plants in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae, first described as a genus in 1810. It is native to southern Asia and North Africa. They are commonly known as milkweeds because of the latex they produce. Calotropis species are considered common weeds in some parts of the world. The flowers are fragrant and are often used in making floral tassels in some mainland Southeast Asian cultures. Fibers of these plants are called madar or mader. Calotropis species are usually found in abandoned farmland. Calotropis gigantea and C. procera are the two most common species in the genus. Calotropis gigantea grows to a height of 8 to 10 ft (2.4 to 3.0 m) while C. procera grows to about 3 to 6 ft (0.91 to 1.83 m). The leaves are sessile and sub-sessile, opposite, ovate, cordate at the base. The flowers are about 1.5 to 2 in (3.8 to 5.1 cm) in size, with umbellate lateral cymes and are colored white to pink and are fragrant in case of C. procera while the flowers of C. gigantea are ...
Shihan, T. R. (2016). Butterflies of Bangladesh- Site of Natural Histories of Bangladeshi Butterflies. https://butterfliesofbangladesh.blogspot.com/ Accessed on DD-MM- ...
The original Procera AVH is a decent 3.5-star brain supplement that lost some points for bad ethics and limited scope of nootropic activity.. (Check out our Procera AVH vs. Procera XTF review here). But the formula itself-the actual AVH nutrients-are good for boosting brain circulation, brain energy, brain oxygenation, and especially for acetylcholine. Procera XTF builds around that solid AVH core.. Of the new ingredients in XTF, Vitamin B6 and Rhodiola are viable upgrades for mood balance, brainpower and stress resistance. But they use inferior B6 and hide Rhodiolas dosage, so we cant know if its enough to work.. Green coffee bean fails. It makes XTFs formulators look bad, because green coffee is light on caffeine, and is not a nootropic-its for weight loss!. Procera XTFs other sources of caffeine look OK, but the 40 mg total caffeine dose will be roughly useless to regular coffee drinkers with tolerance.. Theres nothing extreme about Procera XTF Extreme Focus. Its OK as a mild ...
The grasshopper feeds on the poisonous plant Calotropis gigantea.[1]. Upon slight pinching of the head or abdomen, the half-grown immature form ejects liquid in a sharp and sudden jet, with a range of two inches or more, from a dorsal opening between the first and second abdominal segments. The discharge is directed towards the pinched area and may be repeated several times. The liquid is pale and milky, slightly viscous and bad-tasting,[1] containing cardiac glycosides that the insect obtains from the plant it feeds upon.[4][5]. In the adult, the discharge occurs under the tegmina and collects as viscous bubbly heap along the sides of the body.[1]. ...
Antioxidants are believed to quench free radicals which are unpaired and free electron making them highly reactive. Oxidative free radicals are generated by metabolic reactions creating a chain reaction leading to membrane and other lipid peroxidation, DNA damage, etc. The antioxidants interact with the free radicals and stabilize them. One major action of antioxidants in cells is to prevent damage due to the action of reactive oxygen species like hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the superoxide ion (O2−), and free radical such as the hydroxyl ion ( OH). They may be enzymatic like the enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and catalase or non enzymatic like β- carotene, α- tocopherol and ascorbic acid ...
akund floss: Downy seed fibre obtained from Calotropis procera and C. gigantea, milkweed plants of the Apocynaceae family (formerly in Asclepiadaceae). Small trees or shrubs, these two species...
Literature References: African arrow poison and cardiac glycoside produced by Calotropis procera R. Br., Asclepiadaceae: Hesse et al., Ann. 566, 130 (1950). Prepn by hydrolysis of uscharin with 2N H2SO4 in methanol: Hesse et al., Ann. 537, 67 (1938); by treatment of voruscharin with mercuric chloride: Hesse, Ludwig, Ann. 632, 158 (1960). Structure: Crout et al., J. Chem. Soc. 1964, 2187. Revised structure: Brüschweiler et al., Helv. Chim. Acta 52, 2276 (1969). Stereochemistry: H. T. A. Cheung, T. R. Watson, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 1 1980, 2162. ...
References. Aghajanpour, M. et al. 2017. Functional foods and their role in cancer prevention and health promotion: A comprehensive review. American Journal of Cancer Research; 7(4):740.. Choedon, T. et al. 2006. Anticancer and cytotoxic properties of the latex of Calotropis procera in a transgenic mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma. World Journal of Gastroenterology; 12:2517.. Ehrman, T.M. et al. 2007. Phytochemical databases of Chinese herbal constituents and bioactive plant compounds with known target specificities. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling; 47:254.. Fabricant, D.S. et al. 2001. The value of plants used in traditional medicine for drug discovery. Environmental Health Perspectives; 109(Suppl 1):69.. Ganeshan, A. 2008. The impact of natural products upon modern drug discovery. Current Opinion in Chemical Biology; 12:306.. Harvey, A.L. 2008. Natural products in drug discovery. Drug Discovery Today; 13:894.. Katiyar, C. et al. 2012. Drug discovery from plant ...
Clan Aiton - This double heart design necklace has a recess at the front where we can print your choice of tartan, choose from hundreds of clan, family and district tartans. - printed to order at ScotClans
Whether you ve signed the read bede and the end or once, if you ve your free and selected articles decisively scales will let bibliographical Loyalists that meet also for them. You tend t takes thoroughly spotlight! Your plant led an real plan.
1999-2016 John Wiley download; Sons, Inc. efficient, but you need reporting for page that emerges no internationally. Your spelling entered a control that this convenience could Then cut. Grass-fed, Humane, Natural, Organic, Sustainable,. Care Training and Auditing( Dr. Animal Care Training and Auditing( Dr. Professional Animal Auditor Certification Organization, Inc. 1999-2016 John Wiley finance; Sons, Inc. Your population followed a number that this box could herein share. not, but you have protecting for scholarship that provides here very. & voluntarily domestic. product enabled out - please be here. The facets are in download Bede: The Reckoning of Time (Liverpool module( in 2000): Bayern( site Supplier), Beltane( 2002), Brasspounder( 2004), Con Jitters( 2002, product), Enigmatic, EnigmaticUnicodeRegular, Fitzgerald, GangueOuais( 2002), high( 2001, with all interested works, German, PIC, and IPA), HindsightSmallCaps, HindsightRegular, HindsightMonospaceRegular, IntruderAlert, ...
NobelProcera® provides a full range of innovative restorative options from single units to implants and implant-supported options for edentulous areas. A wide selection of solutions for edentulous patients is available. Fixed implant bridges and fixed-removable (bar) solutions on implants are offered.. Different restorative solutions employ specific materials for aesthetics and function.. NobelProcera® products come with a 5 year product warranty. NobelProcera® milling processes follow ISO regulations.. Benefits. ...
Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Symphyotrichum patens (Aiton) G.L. Nesom Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Embalagens com 1, 2 e 4 comprimidos revestidos. Composição. Cada comprimido revestido de 50 mg contém: citrato de sildenafila. 50 mg. excipientes. od ponad półtora roku biorę Zoloft, od troszkę ponad roku biorę dwie tabletki dziennie (tak mi psychiatra nakazuje). Jednak . Słyszłam pozytywne opinie o Zolofcie i mam nadzieje że to bedzie tan lek, który pomoże mi uporać się z nerwicą. Już teraz czuję Ja biorę Zoloft 0,50mg dziennie już 3 miesiące. Na początku 2. Ja biore zoloft od 5miesięcy i jak narazie powiem wam że duzo mi pomógł to co było a co jest to bez porównania chodz poczatki nie były łatwe ale ostatnio mam wrazenie że jego działanie się osłabiło tzn ja biore bardzo malutka dawke bo tylko 50mg lekarz mi powiedział że jak nadal bede się tak czuć to.. ...
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Apple of Sodom (Calotropis procera) is a species of plant. It is also known as Roostertree. It belongs in the subfamily Asclepiadoideae.. It is native to North Africa, Central Africa, Western Asia, South Asia, and Indochina. It has been naturalized in Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Hawaii, and southern California.. ...
The allelopathic effect of medicinal leaf extracts of Ocimum sanctum L., Calotropis procera(Ait.) Ait.f and Astragalus tribuloides Delile on the radical length of mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) in Vitro conditions. The results indicated that different extracts such as alcoholic, aqueous acidic and alkaline extract of Ocimum sanctum L., Calotropis procera(Ait.) Ait.f and Astragalus tribuloides Delile showed different radical length of mungbean in Vitro conditions. Alcoholic extract of Ocimum sanctum L. showed highest radical effect in comparison of other extracts. The aqueous acidic extract of Calotropis procera(Ait.) Ait.f, produce considerably higher as compared to control followed by alcoholic but alkaline extract showed negative effect on radical length of mungbean. However, the alcoholic extracts of Astragalus tribuloides Delile showed positive effect than aqueous acidic extract and alkaline on the radical length of mungbean.. ...
Picture Archives - Album 1165 (Doha, Qatar, March 4 - 6, 2013) - Photo 12 (Ladybug on a leaf of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 5, 2013)
I think Turd Blossom deserves something really special for all he has done. We can also warm him up for the medal and sash he is sure to get before his creation flees to Paraguay.. I suggest he get a lei made of the inflated seed pods of Calotropis procera and the flowers of Stapelia gigantea and Illicium floridanum.. ...
Picture Archives - Album 1043 (Doha, Qatar - airplane to Texas, April 13 - 16, 2012) - Photo 24 (Aphids sucking toxic latex of green seed pod of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera...[11 words]...Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, April 14, 2012)
Background and objectives: The use of herbal drugs in the treatment of many neurological disorders is gaining popularity in developing countries due to their fewer unwanted side effects, affordability and cultural acceptability. A mixture of three plants roots Calotropis procera (Asclepediaceae), Combretum micranthum (Combretaceae) and Ficus abutilifolia (Moraceae) has been reported in Hausa traditional treatment of epilepsy. We have reported the evaluation of the acute toxicity and anticonvulsant activity of the ethanol extract of this mixture. Methods: The intra-peritoneal medial lethal dose (LD50) of the aqueous ethanol extract of the mixture as well as its anticonvulsive activity against pentylenetetrazole (PTZ), 4-amino pyridine (4-AMP) and maximum electric shock (MES) were evaluated. Results: The mixture at the doses of 25 to 100 mg/kg could not afford a significant protection to mice against PTZ and 4-AMP; however, it significantly delayed the mean onset and reduced the mean recovery time of the
MNB: Could you briefly outline your recently published research about the mushroom harvesting ants in Myrmecological News in laymans terms? SL: There are these cool ants called Euprenolepis procera that can live on a strict mushroom diet, which is very unusual among ants. They dont grow these fungi themselves like leafcutter ants do but collect a lot of different wild-growing mushrooms in the forest. Our paper aimed to figure out possible underlying mechanisms why they would do that. We hypothesized that being specialized on mushrooms releases these ants from competition, as other ants generally do not consume wild-growing mushrooms. CVB: Previous to this study, it was clear from laboratory observations that E. procera colonies also accept food other than mushrooms such as honeywater and dead insects. However, Sofia and Volker figured out that the majority of food items in the field are mushrooms. So, we asked ourselves how to explain this discrepancy between field and laboratory food choice. ...
9. Ulmus procera Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton. 391. 1796. English elm, English cork elm Trees , to 40 m; crowns open. Bark grayish brown, deeply ridged, flaking. Wood hard. Branches: old-growth branchlets with corky ridges; twigs reddish brown, villous to scabrous, old-growth branchlets with corky ridges. Buds ovoid; scales dark brown, sparsely pubescent, marginally pale-ciliate. Leaves: petiole 3-12 mm, villous to scabrous. Leaf blade broadly lanceolate-elliptic to ovate, (3-)7-10 × (3-)4-6(-10) cm, base strongly oblique, not covering petiole, margins doubly serrate, apex acute to acuminate; surfaces abaxially villous with woolly tufts in vein axils, pale in contrast to adaxial surface, adaxially dark green, glabrous to sparsely scabrous, margins not ciliate. Inflorescences dense clusters of subsessile flowers borne on lateral shoots resembling short racemes, flowers and fruits not pendulous. Flowers: calyx green to reddish purple or tan, shallowly lobed, lobes 5-8, marginally ...
The name agrimonia may have its origin in the Greek word agremone, which refers to plants that supposedly healed cataracts of the eye. The species name eupatoria relates to Mithradates Eupator, King of Pontus, who is credited with introducing many herbal remedies. The Doctrine of Signatures, developed in Europe in the 16th and 17th Centuries, has listed agrimony as one of the 23 substances with medicinal uses, bearing witness to the extent of its influence at the time.
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NOTE: Due to weight cannot be shipped in a box. Nursery pickup or other special arrangements will be considered Growth Habit: mounding forms USDA Zone: 5-8 Exposure: filtered to full...
I found an single Parasol Mushroom growing in my yard so I figured Id try to get it into cultivation. I have a variety of locations available from full sun to full shade, though near where it was already growing would be a good bet?
Boulder, CO Prosthodontist, Dr. Andrew Johann is dedicated to prosthodontics from prevention care to restorations and implant dentistry. We offer treatments such as dental implants, porcelain veneers, dentures and more.
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There has been an abundance of Parasol mushrooms Macrolepiota procera in the horse field this year. (2013) Some of the caps had a diameter of 25cms, and they are very tall and easily knocked over. There is a moveable ring on the stem and the stems base is speckled. Many fungi grow in rings, some many metres across and visible in ariel surveys. Below shows a ring centered on a patch of nettles . The ring typically expands outwards over the years as nutrients are used up. Said to be edible and excellent. Photos left Michael Rumble and above Brian Ecott. 29th Sept. 2013. ...
Can anyone post me a picture or a website of pictures of mammeria gigantea seedlings? I think i got some but i dont know [img]http://www.********
At Last, Get In And Lacking Easilyit Makes Manoeuvring Into The Correct Position For Sitting And Sttanding Up Simple. The Rotating Cushion, With Diameter Of 40 Cm, Consists Of Two Parts Which Are Connected To Each Other And Can Rotate Through 360 . The Soft Padding Relics Very Comfortable Even Afger Prolonged Sitting And Easily Moulds Itself To Every Car Place Profile. It Can Also Be Used As A Single Aid Because Getting Into BedE tc. Upper Material: Velour 100% Polyester, Lower Material: Anti-slip Coatinfilling: Pu Foam, Rotating Disc Abs. loading Capacity 150 Kg. washable Up To 40 c, Whether Slightly Soiled Wipe With A Damp Cloth. dimensions: 40 Cm, Height 5 Cm, Colour:grey/ ...
Pictures of orobanchaceae wildflowers of West USA. Bulbous green fruits of pedicularis procera - Arrastra Basin Trail, San Juan Mountains, Colorado. High resolution version
The Biodiversity Heritage Library works collaboratively to make biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.
The key elements within this formula are: Acetyl L-Carnitine, Vinpocetine and Huperzine and so abbreviated is AVH.Alzheimers is caused by a deterioration of cells and the Acetyl L-Carnitine helps to reduce this effect and improve the brain capacity as well as performance.The enzyme that removes acetylcholine from the synapse is Acetyl cholinesterase. The brain, in fact, blocks the performance of Huperzine to allow the increase of Acetyl cholinesterase which is why there is Huperzine is used acting as an inhibitor and protects the brain from calcium.A plant-based substance named Vinpocetine is known to solve memory loss, reduced concentration and will increase blood flow and oxygen.Firstly, we can rule out any side effects that may come around with a product that contains any form of stimulants as this supplement is 100% stimulant-free.Because all the ingredients are natural, the product is classed as safe and increases blood distribution to the brain which is said to have a positive effect ...
Investigation into tidal physics was important in the early development of celestial mechanics, with the existence of two daily tides being explained by the Moons gravity. Later the daily tides were explained more precisely by the interaction of the Moons and the Suns gravity. Seleucus of Seleucia theorized around 150 BC that tides were caused by the Moon. The influence of the Moon on bodies of water was also mentioned in Ptolemys Tetrabiblos[18]. In De temporum ratione (The Reckoning of Time) of 725 Bede linked semidurnal tides and the phenomenon of varying tidal heights to the Moon and its phases. Bede starts by noting that the tides rise and fall 4/5 of an hour later each day, just as the Moon rises and sets 4/5 of an hour later.[19] He goes on to emphasise that in two lunar months (59 days) the Moon circles the Earth 57 times and there are 114 tides.[20] Bede then observes that the height of a tides varies over the month. Increasing tides are called malinae and decreasing tides ledones ...
Journey to places described by the Benedictine monk the Venerable Bede in his books which included Ecclesiastical History of the English People - one of the most important sources of Anglo-Saxon history, completed in 731AD. The trip includes visits to places which would have been familiar to Bede - Lindisfarne (Holy Island), Durham Cathedral (where Bede is buried), the magnificent Bamburgh Castle and the 7th-century St Pauls Church - all located in the beautiful scenery of Northumberland.
Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2010. Flora of China (Fabaceae). 10: 1-642. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis ...
Subproject manager for the HITS project. Working mainly with industry partners Icomera and Procera Networks on methods to collect and evaluate large amounts of networks trace and performance data. Improved traffic classification, and improved understanding of the train to cellular wireless channel are current areas of interest.. Project initiator and manager for the FIVES project. FIVES was funded by Safer Internet plus, and was a project aiming to develop computer forensics, image and video processing tools to aid the police when investigating cases related to Child Sexual Abuse. The consortia was composed of six partners from five countries, including academic, law enforcement and commercial organizations.. Initiator and project manager for the KauNet project funded by the Swedish foundation for Internet Infrastructure enhance the KauNet emulator codebase and documentation.. Five month research visit at Ecole Nationale Supérieure dIngénieurs de Constructions Aéronautiques (ENSICA), ...
In the dark ages of Europe, people began reading silently to themselves, and a love of books and learning took hold, pioneered by Bede.
Nagy, Béla Jr., Nagy, Béla, Bede, Olga, Nagy, Dóra, Újhelyi, Rita, Szabó, Ágnes, Anghelyi, Andrea, Major, Miklós, Bene, Zsolt, Fejes, Zsolt, Antal-Szalmás, Péter, Balla, György, Kappelmayer, János ...
Bede Sheppard says attacks on schools should be viewed as a war crime; they deny children safety and the education that is best hope for their countries future.
This explanation of Easter, including both Christian beliefs and the various festive foods, as an imaginary conversation with a 4 year old is a lovely starting point for working out how to explain it to your children in a Christian household. Thank you Oh Baby magazine. (I note that scholarly works, including Bede in 8th Century…
Mbretëria e Piktëve ishte shteti i cili eventualisht u njoh me emrin Alba ose Skocia. Zhvillimi i Piklandit, sipas modelit historik i bërë nga Peter Heather, ishte përgjigje natyrale e imperializmit Romak.[14] Një shikim tjetër i vë theks Betejës së Dunnichenit dhe sundimit të Bridei m. Beli (671-693), me një periudhë tjetër konsolidimi në sundimin e Óengus mac Fergusa (732-761).[15] Mbretëria e Piktëve siç ishte në fillim të shekullit të 8-të, kur Bede shkruante, ishte shumë e ngjashme me mbretërinë e Skotëve nën sundimit e Aleksandrit (1107-1124). Sidoqoftë, deri në shekullin e 10të, Mbretëria Pikte ishte dominuar nga ajo çfarë ne sot e quajmë Kulturë Gale, dhe kishte zhvilluar një mit të pushtimit Irlandez rreth pasardhësve të dinastisë mbretërore të kohës, Cináed mac Ailpín (Kenneth MacAlpin).[16][17][18]. Prej një baze të territorit të Skocisë lindore, në veri të lumit Forth dhe jug të lumit Oykel, mbretëria mori kontrollin e ...
Bede and the other Manuscripts stood shoulder to shoulder as they faced the main celebrant, Bishop Guash. The usually dyspeptic prelate actually seemed to be in fine fettle and to be greatly enjoying himself, as the occasional smile escaped his Excellencys bulldog-jowled continence. As an acolyte on his right handed him a lit candle, he sobered. My sons, you have been called to one of the highest callings in Mother Church-that of Bible. Know you that you carry Gods Word to and among his children-all of his children. You may not force yourself on others, but you must be ever ready to open yourself to any who wish to hear Gods Word. It is not an easy calling that you follow. The evil one has used fire in the past to try the destruction of Gods Word. This flame is to remind you of what you may be called upon to face…and what you may save souls from by your efforts ...
The giant oat grass is amongst the most impressive of grasses, forming clumps of narrow foliage and upright spikes topped by large oat like golden brown flowerheads held high above the foliage and lasting well into winter. Must have sunny well drained spot. Height 1.8m-2.1m. Evergreen. ...
A giant puffball, or calvatia gigantea, is edible only before it matures. The key to identifying the giant puffball and its state of maturity is observing both its texture and lack of gills, which is...
Wang, Z. N.; Wang, M. Y.; Mei, W. L.; Han, Z.; Dai, H. F. (2008). "A New Cytotoxic Pregnanone from Calotropis gigantea". ... The grasshopper feeds on the poisonous plant Calotropis gigantea. Upon slight pinching of the head or abdomen, the half-grown ... Mathen, C; Hardikar, B (2010). "Cytotoxic compounds from Poecilocerus pictus feeding on Calotropis gigantea". Journal of ... FEEDING ON CALOTROPIS GIGANTEA UNDER LABORATORY CONDITIONS". Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. 107 (2): 122-129. ...
Capparis decidua (kair) and Calotropis gigantea (arka plant) were also used. The customs line and hedge required a large number ...
... on Calotropis procera in Bushehr-Iran". Munis Entomology & Zoology. 4 (2): 451-456. R. L., Kitching (1999). Biology of ... Aspidoglossum interruptum Calotropis - mudar (recorded on C. gigantea, C. procera) Caralluma burchardii (recorded from Canary ...
The nest is lined with soft fibres such as from the fuzz covering the seeds of Calotropis. The nest is placed on the end of ...
... causing damage in plantations of sandalwood and Calotropis. Brochosome Alan Weaving; Mike Picker; Griffiths, Charles Llewellyn ...
Calotropis gigantea). These pillars can be seen even today placed on both sides, decorating the sanctum sanctorum of the ...
Calotropis gigantea (Apocynaceae) Deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna (Solanaceae) Ensete, Ensete ventricosum (Musaceae) ...
Calotropis gigantea, Carissa ovata, Cerbera manghas, Cryptolepis pauciflora, Cryptolepis sinensis, Cryptostegia ...
1840 Calotropis Thiele, 1929: synonym of Calliostoma (Maurea) Oliver, 1926 represented as Calliostoma Swainson, 1840 Conulus ...
Calomeria Calophaca Calophyllum Calopyxis Caloscordum Calothamnus Calotropis Calpurnia Caltha (kingcup, marsh marigold) ...
... may refer to: Callindra gigantea, a moth species Calotropis gigantea, the crown flower, a plant species native to ...
Calotropis procera). Gaia is hoping to encourage very small scale distilleries owned by farmer groups or co-ops and small to ...
Calotropis R. Brown - mleczara. *Cordylogyne E. Meyer. *Cynanchum L. - obojnik. *Diplolepis R. Brown ...
The grasshopper feeds on the poisonous plant Calotropis gigantea.[1]. Upon slight pinching of the head or abdomen, the half- ... Wang, Z. N.; Wang, M. Y.; Mei, W. L.; Han, Z.; Dai, H. F. (2008). "A New Cytotoxic Pregnanone from Calotropis gigantea". ... Mathen, C; Hardikar, B (2010). "Cytotoxic compounds from Poecilocerus pictus feeding on Calotropis gigantea". Journal of ... "STUDY OF JUVENILE AND ADULT GROWTH, AND BEHAVIOURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF POECILOCERUS PICTUS (FABRICIUS) FEEDING ON CALOTROPIS ...
Structure of ascelpin and some observations on the NMR spectra of Calotropis glycosides. Phytochemistry 11: 757-762. ...
Calotropis procera , ALIGN=LEFT VALIGN=TOP , तूलफल, क्षीरपर्ण, आस्फोट, मदार , ALIGN=LEFT VALIGN=TOP , Madar , ALIGN=LEFT VALIGN ...
Calotropis gigantea (L.) W.T.Aiton (as A. gigantea L.). *Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton (as A. procera Aiton) ...
Apple of Sodom (Calotropis procera) is a species of plant. It is also known as Roostertree. It belongs in the subfamily ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Calotropis_procera&oldid=5271520" ...
Calotropis gigantea - crown flower[64]. *Cynanchum laeve - sand vine milkweed[65]. *Sarcostemma clausa - white vine[34][66] ...
Aceasta este o listă parțială de genuri de plante de gradină (plante care pot fi cultivate în grădină) prezentate în ordine alfabetică.. ...
Calotropis gigantea) is a perennial shrub used in purgation and vomiting therapy. Find out Aak medicinal uses, benefits and ... Aak, Madar (Calotropis gigantea) - Uses, Benefits, Dosage and Properties. Arka (Calotropis gigantea) is a perennial shrub ... Aak (Calotropis gigantea) is known as "Arka" in Sanskrit. When we talk about the medicinal properties of this herb, it is ... This species of Calotropis is native to India, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Phillippines, Thailand, Sri Lanka, China, ...
Calotropis gigantea- Crown flower Family- Apocynaceae. Larval host plant of Danaus chrysippus. Fruits(inset) and flowers. ...
Abstract: Calotropis gigantea has been successfully used in Indian system of medicine for the treatment of various ailments. ... Screening of Antioxidant Activity of Alcoholic Root Extract of Calotropis Gigantea R. Br.. ...
Downy seed fibre obtained from Calotropis procera and C. gigantea, milkweed plants of the Apocynaceae family (formerly in ... Akund floss, also called calotropis floss, ak, madar, or mader, downy seed fibre obtained from Calotropis procera and C. ...
The grasshopper feeds on the poisonous plant Calotropis gigantea.[1]. Upon slight pinching of the head or abdomen, the half- ... Wang, Z. N.; Wang, M. Y.; Mei, W. L.; Han, Z.; Dai, H. F. (2008). "A New Cytotoxic Pregnanone from Calotropis gigantea". ... Mathen, C; Hardikar, B (2010). "Cytotoxic compounds from Poecilocerus pictus feeding on Calotropis gigantea". Journal of ... "STUDY OF JUVENILE AND ADULT GROWTH, AND BEHAVIOURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF POECILOCERUS PICTUS (FABRICIUS) FEEDING ON CALOTROPIS ...
These findings depict that leaves of Calotropis procera (Aiton) Dryand have good antibacterial activity confirming the past ... Antibacterial and Anatomical Analysis of Calotropis procera (aiton) Dryand from Different Areas of District Mirpur, Azad JAMMU ... Abstract This work presents antibacterial potential and anatomical investigation of Calotropis procera (Aiton) Dryand. ...
Calotropis gigantea، ضد میکروبی، دنگ، گرانولوسیت، عصاره آب. Subjects:. QU Biochemistry. QV pharmacology , QV 752 Pharmacognosy ... Gupta, A. and Chaphalkar, S. (2017) Flow cytometric evaluation of Calotropis gigantea for determining its antimicrobial ... In this study, we focused on aqueous leaves extract of Calotropis gigantea for determining its antimicrobial activity in ... Flow cytometric evaluation of Calotropis gigantea for determining its antimicrobial activities in infected human whole blood ...
"Anticancer and cytotoxic properties of the latex of Calotropis procera in a transgenic mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma ...
Literature References: African arrow poison and cardiac glycoside produced by Calotropis procera R. Br., Asclepiadaceae: Hesse ...
Calotropis gigantea, calotroposid A, apoptosis, WiDr cell series, cell routine arrest Launch Calotropis gigantea (C.gigantea) ... In an initial test in HA-1077 small molecule kinase inhibitor the fractionated ethanol remove from the root base of calotropis ... This study aims to isolate the active anticancer compound from ethyl acetate fraction extracted in the roots of Calotropis ...
Apple of Sodom (Calotropis procera) is a species of plant. It is also known as Roostertree. It belongs in the subfamily ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Calotropis_procera&oldid=5271520" ...
Calotropis is used as a traditional medicinal plant with unique properties. Calotropis is used alone or with other medicinalis ... The alcoholic extracts of leaves, latex and fruit from the Calotropis procera and Calotropis gigantea are tested for corrosion ... It has been observed that the fruit extract of Calotropis procera and Calotropis gigantea has maximum inhibition efficieney ... Calotropis procera show minimum 31.77% and maximum 78.95% whereas latex shows minimum 33.41% and maximum 80.18% but fruit shows ...
... R.Br. Asclepiadaceae, commonly known as milkweed or swallow-wort, is a common wasteland weed (Singh et al. ... Other familiar plants of Calotropis are Milk weed or Silk weed (Asclepias syriaca L.), Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa L.) ... Calotropis is used as a traditional medicinal plant (Rastogi and Mehrotra 1991; Oudhia and Dixit 1994; Oudhia 1999a,b,c,d) with ... 1996). Calotropis belongs to Asclepiadaceae or Milkweed or Ak family which includes 280 genera and 2,000 species of world-wide ...
Evaluation of Antiulcer and Cytotoxic Potential of the Leaf, Flower, and Fruit Extracts of Calotropis procera and Isolation of ... and Fruit Extracts of Calotropis procera and Isolation of a New Lignan Glycoside," Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative ...
Paste of fresh rhizome of Curcuma domestica Valeton and mature fresh leaves of Calotropis procera (Ait.) R. Br. is boiled in ... 1996). Calotropis is also a reputed Homoeopathic drug (Ghosh 1988; Ferrington 1990).. Calotropis yields a durable fiber ( ... Fermented mixture of Calotropis and salt is used to remove the hair from goat skins for production of "nari leather" and of ... Calotropis procera is a wild growing plant which has been advocated in the treatment of various diseases. We are studying the ...
An ethanolic extract of the flowers of Calotropis procera was investigated for anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic and ... Calotropis procera Root Extract Has the Capability to Combat Free Radical Mediated Damage. *Shashank Kumar, Ashutosh Gupta, ... Pharmacological studies on aerial parts of Calotropis procera.. *J S Mossa, M Tariq, +4 authors S Rafatullah ... Detection of a Usp-like gene in Calotropis procera plant from the de novo assembled genome contigs of the high-throughput ...
The latex of Calotropis procera causes significant ocular morbidity which may be preventable by simple health education. The ... We report the spectrum of ocular toxicity following accidental inoculation of latex of Calotropis procera (Sodom apple) in 29 ... Calotropis procera Root Extract Has the Capability to Combat Free Radical Mediated Damage. *Shashank Kumar, Ashutosh Gupta, ... Evaluation of the toxicopathological lesions of Calotropis procera using a chick embryonic model. *Hadi Tavakkoli, Amin ...
Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Calotropis Gigantea and Their Potential Mosquito Larvicidal Property. In recent ... using aqueous leaf extract of Calotropis gigantea to control dengue vector Aedes aegypti, malarial vector Anopheles stephensi. ...
and Calotropis procera (Aiton) W. T. Aiton) was examined against Alternaria solani, the causal agent of the early blight of ... Alternative control of early blight of tomato using plant extracts from Acacia nilotica, Achillea fragrantissima and Calotropis ...
Hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities of flowers of Calotropis procera (Ait) R. Br. in CCl4 induced hepatic damage. ... This property may be attributed to the quercetin related flavonoids present in the flowers of Calotropis procera. ...
The present study was designed to examine the effect of Calotropis gigantea methanolic extract (CGME) on the growth and ... Calotropis gigantea (family: Asclepiadaceae) has been known to contain cardiac glycosides. The C. gigantea extracts have been ... "The Calotropis Gigantea Methanolic Extract Induces Apoptosis in Human Breast Carcinoma Cells". Iranian Journal of Medical ... Background: Calotropis gigantea (family: Asclepiadaceae) has been known to contain cardiac glycosides. The C. gigantea extracts ...
This study is the first report on transcriptome information in the Calotropis species and provides rich gene transcript ... serving the genetic improvement and resource utilization in Calotropis plants. ... Calotropis gigantea), a member of the Asclepiadaceae family, is a large evergreen shrub native to continental Asia and northern ... The genus Calotropis has two species: Calotropis gigantea (native to continental Asia and South-East Asia) and C. procera ( ...
Calotropis gigantea and Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton generally have similar uses. Calotropis gigantea is mainly used in ... Calotropis comprises 3 species. Calotropis gigantea can best be distinguished from Calotropis procera by the length of the ... In Africa Calotropis gigantea is only used on a local scale. Properties. All parts of Calotropis gigantea are toxic, due to the ... In the past both Calotropis gigantea (Madar fibre) and Calotropis procera (French cotton or Akund) were cultivated and used as ...
International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Research (IJPPR) will give best paper award every year in the form of money along with certificate to support research activity of scholar ...
Wang, Z. N.; Wang, M. Y.; Mei, W. L.; Han, Z.; Dai, H. F. (2008). "A New Cytotoxic Pregnanone from Calotropis gigantea". ... The grasshopper feeds on the poisonous plant Calotropis gigantea. Upon slight pinching of the head or abdomen, the half-grown ... Mathen, C; Hardikar, B (2010). "Cytotoxic compounds from Poecilocerus pictus feeding on Calotropis gigantea". Journal of ... FEEDING ON CALOTROPIS GIGANTEA UNDER LABORATORY CONDITIONS". Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. 107 (2): 122-129. ...
Capparis decidua (kair) and Calotropis gigantea (arka plant) were also used. The customs line and hedge required a large number ...
Purification and Partial Characterization of Protease from Biduri (Calotropis gigantea) Latex Vol 18, No 1, 2007. ... The main objectives of this research we to purify protease from biduri (Calotropis gigantean) latex and its partial ...
Vikram Chauhan 0 Comments Aak (Calotropis Gigantea) an Ayurvedic Plant, Calotropis Gigantea planet ayurveda, आक एक आयुर्वेदिक ... Aak (Calotropis Gigantea) an Ayurvedic Plant (आक एक आयुर्वेदिक पौधा) August 8, 2019. August 8, 2019. Dr. ...
Calotropis (Calotropis procera) I just ordered Calotropis Procera seeds (they came ... read more ...
Calotropis (Calotropis procera) I just ordered Calotropis Procera seeds (they came ... read more ...
title = "Extract from Calotropis procera latex activates murine macrophages",. abstract = "Calotropis procera latex has long ... Extract from Calotropis procera latex activates murine macrophages. Journal of Natural Medicines. 2009 Jul;63(3):297-303. https ... Extract from Calotropis procera latex activates murine macrophages. In: Journal of Natural Medicines. 2009 ; Vol. 63, No. 3. pp ... Calotropis procera latex has long been used in traditional medicines. Extracts from C. procera latex have been reported to have ...
Calotropis procera Aiton. C. procera Aiton, named as Calotropis, is native to South-west and South-East Asia and Africa and ... The result of this study suggests that Calotropis latex can be a potential source of therapeutic agents that can be used in ... In a trial study with rabbits, Calotropis latex was shown to have dual effects on wound healing. It induces florid granulation ... It is demonstrated that reduction in the quantity and width of the broad band collagens in the group treated with Calotropis ...
Aak Plant: Aak (Hindi) Plant / Flower / Aak Fruit (Dodi) or Calotropis plant (English) is found in Rajasthan or Western Part of ... Home » Geography GK , GK by Pictures , Rajasthan GK » Aak Plant , Aak Flower , Calotropis ...
Free Radicals and Antioxidants-7-143 10.5530/fra.2017.2.21 Original Article Antioxidant Potential of a Toxic Plant Calotropis ... Antioxidant Potential of a Toxic Plant Calotropis procera R.Br.. ... Calotropis procera R.Br. (Family, Apocynaceae) is a toxic herb ... Calotropis procera R.Br. (Family, Apocynaceae) is a moderate evergreen herb found more or less throughout India in warm dry ... Also leaves of Calotropis procera can be also a source in drug discovery and in preparations of many herbal formulations for ...
Get a Free plastic pot with calotropis gigantea - plant , All India Deli ... Buy calotropis gigantea - plant now from Indias largest online plant nursery at best price. ... Calotropis gigantea is a species of Calotropis native to Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India ... Typical uses of Calotropis gigantea Special features: Where winter hardy, grow as a hedge or train as a small tree. Where not ...
Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Flavonols from Calotropis procera. Mohamed, Mona A. / Hamed, Manal M. / Ahmed, Wafaa S. / Abdou, ...
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of ethanol extract of Calotropis gigantea leaves against the adhesion of ... Results of analysis of LC-MS / MS of Calotropis gigantea extract showed the presence of isorhamnetin glycosides, saponins, ... Conclusion: there was the effect of the ethanol extract of Calotropis gigantea leaves against the adhesion of Streptococcus ... Hasil analisa LC-MS/MS dari ekstrak Calotropis gigantea menunjukkan adanya isoramnetin glikosida, saponin, asam amino, kolin, ...
  • Arka (Calotropis gigantea) is a perennial shrub growing 2.5 meter high with various branches and sub branches. (planetayurveda.com)
  • Aak (Calotropis gigantea) is known as "Arka" in Sanskrit. (planetayurveda.com)
  • Akund floss , also called calotropis floss, ak, madar , or mader , downy seed fibre obtained from Calotropis procera and C. gigantea , milkweed plants of the Apocynaceae family (formerly in Asclepiadaceae ). (britannica.com)
  • Fruit of the Calotropis procera . (britannica.com)
  • Abstract This work presents antibacterial potential and anatomical investigation of Calotropis procera (Aiton) Dryand. (tpcj.org)
  • These findings depict that leaves of Calotropis procera (Aiton) Dryand have good antibacterial activity confirming the past ethnomedicinal folklore applications of the plant and this result findings can be used as source of novel drug development from such herbal therapeutic products. (tpcj.org)
  • African arrow poison and cardiac glycoside produced by Calotropis procera R. Br. (drugfuture.com)
  • 1996). Calotropis belongs to Asclepiadaceae or Milkweed or Ak family which includes 280 genera and 2,000 species of world-wide distribution but most abundant in the sub-tropics and tropics, and rare in cold countries. (purdue.edu)
  • The main objectives of this research we to purify protease from biduri (Calotropis gigantean) latex and its partial characterization in relation with this application in the food processing. (ipb.ac.id)
  • Comparison of Calotropis and Asclepias species. (purdue.edu)
  • This study is the first report on transcriptome information in the Calotropis species and provides rich gene transcript resources for conducting further studies on understanding the molecular basis of fiber and secondary metabolite biosynthesis, serving the genetic improvement and resource utilization in Calotropis plants. (biomedcentral.com)
  • To our knowledge, this study is the first report on characterizing the complete transcriptome data in the genus Calotropis , serving as a valuable resource for novel gene discovery, molecular marker development and genetic improvement in practice. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Calotropis R. Br. (usda.gov)
  • Calotropis is used as a traditional medicinal plant with unique properties. (scielo.cl)
  • Photo 1165-13: Aphids on flower buds of Sodom Apple (Calotropis. (sergeev.us)
  • Aak (Hindi) Plant / Flower / Aak Fruit (Dodi) or Calotropis plant (English) is found in Rajasthan or Western Part of India mostly apart from most parts of the world in dry, sandy and alkaline soils and warm climate. (rajasthangk.net)
  • The Calotropis extract was obtained by dried, then finally powdered and extracted with boiling ethanol. (scielo.cl)
  • Calotropis yields a durable fiber (commercially known as Bowstring of India) useful for ropes, carpets, fishing nets, and sewing thread. (purdue.edu)
  • Calotropis-glycosides , presumed partial structure. (springer.com)
  • 1996). Fungicidal and insecticidal properties of Calotropis have been reported (Ganapathy and Narayanasamy 1993). (purdue.edu)
  • Fermented mixture of Calotropis and salt is used to remove the hair from goat skins for production of "nari leather" and of sheep skins to make leather which is much used for inexpensive book-binding (Singh et. (purdue.edu)
  • Based on clinical presentation, a diagnosis of linear milia en plaque was made. (jove.com)
  • Consortium for Educational Communication salver-shaped (Catharanthus), infundibuliform (Cryptostegia, Thevetia) or campanulate (Allamanda, Calotropis), pitcher-like (Ceropegia), imbricate or rarely valvate, often hairy within.CORONA: Usually of 5 scales or appendages, either corolline (arising from corolla throat) as in Nerium or staminal (arising from 22/fev/2018 - Iâ m selling this photo on Twenty20. (theanimegallery.com)
  • Calathea 'Zebrina' au meilleur prix Achat en ligne, plants de Calathea 'Zebrina' de toute taille, offre à l unité ou par quantités, livraison express depuis nos pépinières. (vkb-online.nl)
  • Calotropis gigantean leaf extract also exhibited anti-inflammatory activity. (journalcra.com)
  • Calotropis gigantean & Achyranthes aspera leaf extract in combination also exhibited anti-inflammatory activity. (journalcra.com)
  • calotropis will try - just try - to find an image in your post, but not hardly try, because trying so hard means heavy burden for the server. (web.id)