Latex: A milky, product excreted from the latex canals of a variety of plant species that contain cauotchouc. Latex is composed of 25-35% caoutchouc, 60-75% water, 2% protein, 2% resin, 1.5% sugar & 1% ash. RUBBER is made by the removal of water from latex.(From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed). Hevein proteins are responsible for LATEX HYPERSENSITIVITY. Latexes are used as inert vehicles to carry antibodies or antigens in LATEX FIXATION TESTS.Calotropis: A plant genus of the family ASCLEPIADACEAE. The downy akund floss fiber from the seeds is used like kapok.Apocynaceae: The dogbane family of the order Gentianales. Members of the family have milky, often poisonous juice, smooth-margined leaves, and flowers in clusters. Asclepiadacea (formerly the milkweed family) has been included since 1999 and before 1810.Methomyl: A carbamate insecticide with anticholinesterase activity.Trichomes: Hair-like extensions on specialized epidermal surfaces of plants which protect against damage from insects, animals, light degradation and fungal infection. Trichomes may also occur on certain unicellular EUKARYOTES.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Asia, Southeastern: The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.United States Virgin Islands: A group of islands in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies, the three main islands being St. Croix, St. Thomas, and St. John. The capital is Charlotte Amalie. Before 1917 the U.S. Virgin Islands were held by the Danish and called the Danish West Indies but the name was changed when the United States acquired them by purchase.Asia, Western: The geographical designation for the countries of the MIDDLE EAST and the countries BANGLADESH; BHUTAN; INDIA; NEPAL; PAKISTAN; and SRI LANKA. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993 & Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Cinchona Alkaloids: Alkaloids extracted from various species of Cinchona.Datura stramonium: A plant species of the genus DATURA, family SOLANACEAE, that contains TROPANES and other SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS.Terminalia: A plant genus of the family COMBRETACEAE. Members contain arjunin, an ellagitannin (TANNINS).Steel: A tough, malleable, iron-based alloy containing up to, but no more than, two percent carbon and often other metals. It is used in medicine and dentistry in implants and instrumentation.Corrosion: The gradual destruction of a metal or alloy due to oxidation or action of a chemical agent. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Butterflies: Slender-bodies diurnal insects having large, broad wings often strikingly colored and patterned.BangladeshFlowers: The reproductive organs of plants.IndiaSuperoxide Dismutase: An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the reaction between superoxide anions and hydrogen to yield molecular oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme protects the cell against dangerous levels of superoxide. EC 1.15.1.1.Glutathione Peroxidase: An enzyme catalyzing the oxidation of 2 moles of glutathione in the presence of hydrogen peroxide to yield oxidized glutathione and water. EC 1.11.1.9.Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.Free Radicals: Highly reactive molecules with an unsatisfied electron valence pair. Free radicals are produced in both normal and pathological processes. They are proven or suspected agents of tissue damage in a wide variety of circumstances including radiation, damage from environment chemicals, and aging. Natural and pharmacological prevention of free radical damage is being actively investigated.Flow Cytometry: Technique using an instrument system for making, processing, and displaying one or more measurements on individual cells obtained from a cell suspension. Cells are usually stained with one or more fluorescent dyes specific to cell components of interest, e.g., DNA, and fluorescence of each cell is measured as it rapidly transverses the excitation beam (laser or mercury arc lamp). Fluorescence provides a quantitative measure of various biochemical and biophysical properties of the cell, as well as a basis for cell sorting. Other measurable optical parameters include light absorption and light scattering, the latter being applicable to the measurement of cell size, shape, density, granularity, and stain uptake.Monocytes: Large, phagocytic mononuclear leukocytes produced in the vertebrate BONE MARROW and released into the BLOOD; contain a large, oval or somewhat indented nucleus surrounded by voluminous cytoplasm and numerous organelles.Pseudomonas aeruginosa: A species of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria commonly isolated from clinical specimens (wound, burn, and urinary tract infections). It is also found widely distributed in soil and water. P. aeruginosa is a major agent of nosocomial infection.Online Systems: Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Gardening: Cultivation of PLANTS; (FRUIT; VEGETABLES; MEDICINAL HERBS) on small plots of ground or in containers.Seed Dispersal: The various physical methods which include wind, insects, animals, tension, and water, by which a plant scatters its seeds away from the parent plant.Solanum melongena: A plant species of the genus SOLANUM, family SOLANACEAE. The fruit is a large, egg-shaped berry, varying in color from dark purple to red, yellowish, or white. The leaves are large and ovate. The flowers are pendant, violet, and two inches across.Solanum: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS. Some species in this genus are called deadly nightshade which is also a common name for ATROPA BELLADONNA.Solanaceae: A plant family of the order Solanales, subclass Asteridae. Among the most important are POTATOES; TOMATOES; CAPSICUM (green and red peppers); TOBACCO; and BELLADONNA.Lycopersicon esculentum: A plant species of the family SOLANACEAE, native of South America, widely cultivated for their edible, fleshy, usually red fruit.Atherosclerosis: A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.Ovariectomy: The surgical removal of one or both ovaries.Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: A group of religious bodies tracing their origin to Joseph Smith in 1830 and accepting the Book of Mormon as divine revelation. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Estrogens: Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.Asclepiadaceae: The milkweed plant family of the order Gentianales, subclass Asteridae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes many tropical herbs and shrubby climbers; most with milky juice. Flowers have five united petals. Fruits are podlike, usually with tufted seeds.Dental Devices, Home Care: Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Search Engine: Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Materia Medica: Materials or substances used in the composition of traditional medical remedies. The use of this term in MeSH was formerly restricted to historical articles or those concerned with traditional medicine, but it can also refer to homeopathic remedies. Nosodes are specific types of homeopathic remedies prepared from causal agents or disease products.Medicine, Chinese Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the Chinese culture.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.

Histamine mediates the pro-inflammatory effect of latex of Calotropis procera in rats. (1/28)

INTRODUCTION: Calotropis procera is known to produce contact dermatitis and the latex of this plant produces intense inflammation when injected locally. However, the precise mode of its pro-inflammatory effect is not known. In present study we have pharmacologically characterized the inflammation induced by latex of C. procera in a rat paw edema model and determined the role of histamine in latex-induced inflammation. METHODS: Inflammation was induced in the hind paw of rats by injecting different doses of dried latex (DL) of C. procera. The inhibitory effect of phenylbutazone, dexamethasone, celecoxib, cyproheptadine, chlorpheniramine and compound 48/80 on edema volume was evaluated and compared with that against carrageenan. The histamine content of DL was measured fluorometrically. RESULTS: DL produced dose-dependent inflammation of the rat paw. Cyproheptadine and chlorpheniramine effectively inhibited DL-induced inflammation (90%; p < 0.01), while anti-inflammatory drugs phenylbutazone, dexamethasone and celecoxib were more effective against carrageenan-induced inflammation. Depletion of mast cell histamine by compound 48/80 produced a significant decrease in DL-induced inflammation as compared with carrageenan (500% versus 25%). DL was also found to contain about 6 microg/g of histamine. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, our study shows that the biogenic amines play a significant role in C. procera latex-induced inflammation and antihistaminic drugs could be effectively used to inhibit inflammatory response elicited by exposure to latex.  (+info)

Studies on anti-diarrhoeal activity of Calotropis gigantea R.Br. in experimental animals. (2/28)

PURPOSE: Calotropis gigantea R. Br. (Asclepiadaceae) a wildly growing plant has been reported to possess number of medicinal properties and other purposes. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate scientifically the anti-diarrheal effects of C. gigantea used traditionally in Indian system of medicine using castor oil-induced diarrhoea model. METHODS: The anti-diarrheal effect of hydroalcoholic (50:50) extract of aerial part of Calotropis gigantea was studied against castor oil-induced-diarrhea model in rats. The gastrointestinal transit rate was expressed as the percentage of the longest distance traversed by the charcoal divided by the total length of the small intestine. The weight and volume of intestinal content induced by castor oil were studied by enteropooling method. RESULTS: Like atropine (3 mg/kg, i.p.) there were significant reductions in fecal out put and frequency of droppings when the plant extracts of 200 and 400 mg/kg doses were administered intraperitoneally compared with castor oil treated rats. All doses of the plant extracts also significantly retarded the castor-oil induced enteropooling and intestinal transit. The dose 100 (P<0.01), 200 and 400 mg/kg significantly inhibited (P<0.001) weight and volume of intestinal content. CONCLUSIONS: The remarkable anti-diarrheal effect of C.gigantea extract against castor oil-induced diarrhea model attests to its utility in a wide range of diarrheal states  (+info)

Involvement of prostaglandins in inflammation induced by latex of Calotropis procera. (3/28)

INTRODUCTION: The aerial parts of the plant Calotropis procera produce milky white latex that causes inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes. Prostaglandins are one of the mediators released in an inflammatory response following induction of cyclooxygenase (COX). In the present study, we have evaluated the role of prostaglandins in inflammatory response elicited by the latex of C. procera. METHODS: Aqueous extract of dried latex of C. procera was injected into the 6-day air-pouch in the rat. The inflammatory response was evaluated by studying the air-pouch fluid for its volume, protein and prostaglandin (PG) E2 concentrations, and leucocyte counts. The granulation tissue from the pouch was quantified and studied for COX-2 expression by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. The inhibitory effect of celecoxib and dexamethasone was evaluated on the aforementioned parameters. RESULTS: Dried latex produced an inflammatory response that was maximum at 6 h. It was associated with the accumulation of protein-rich fluid, leucocytes and PGE2 production. It also resulted in granulation of the pouch cavity that was a maximum on day 3. COX-2 expression could be detected in the granulation tissue on day 1 and it increased progressively up to day 5. The anti-inflammatory drugs celecoxib and dexamethasone significantly attenuated the inflammatory response and inhibited COX-2 expression in granulation tissue. CONCLUSIONS: Latex of C. procera induces an inflammatory response characterized by an early exudative phase accompanied by PGE2 production and a late proliferative phase associated with COX-2 induction. Both the phases were effectively inhibited by COX-2 inhibitors.  (+info)

Calotropis procera latex-induced inflammatory hyperalgesia--effect of antiinflammatory drugs. (4/28)

The milky white latex of plant Calotropis procera produces inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes on accidental exposure. It produces edema on local administration due to the release of histamine and prostaglandins and is associated with hyperalgesia. In the present study we have evaluated the antiedematous and analgesic activity of antiinflammatory drugs against inflammatory response induced by dried latex (DL) of C procera in rat paw edema model. An aqueous extract of DL of C procera was injected into the subplantar surface of the rat paw and the paw volume was measured by a plethysmometer at 0, 1, 2, 6, 12, and 24 hours. Concomitantly the hyperalgesic response was also evaluated by motility test, stair climbing ability test, dorsal flexion pain test, compression test, and observing the grooming behavior. The inhibitory effect of diclofenac and rofecoxib on edema formation and hyperalgesic response was compared with cyproheptadine (CPH). DL-induced edema formation was maximum at 2 hours that was associated with decreased pain threshold, functional impairment, and grooming. Treatment with antiinflammatory drugs and CPH significantly attenuated the edematous response and grooming, increased the pain threshold, and improved functional parameters. Both antiinflammatory and antiserotonergic drugs significantly inhibited the hyperalgesia associated with DL-induced paw edema. Rofecoxib was found to be superior than diclofenac and was as effective as CPH in ameliorating the hyperalgesia. However, it was found to be less effective than CPH in attenuating edema formation.  (+info)

Antiinflammatory efficacy of extracts of latex of Calotropis procera against different mediators of inflammation. (5/28)

The latex of the plant Calotropis procera has been reported to exhibit potent antiinflammatory activity against carrageenin and formalin that are known to release various mediators. In the present study, we have evaluated the efficacy of extracts prepared from the latex of C procera against inflammation induced by histamine, serotonin, compound 48/80, bradykinin (BK), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the rat paw oedema model. The paw oedema was induced by the subplantar injection of various inflammagens and oedema volume was recorded using a plethysmometer. The aqueous and methanol extracts of the dried latex (DL) and standard antiinflammatory drugs were administered orally 1 hour before inducing inflammation. The inhibitory effect of the extracts was also evaluated against cellular influx induced by carrageenin. The antiinflammatory effect of aqueous and methanolic extracts of DL was more pronounced than phenylbutazone (PBZ) against carrageenin while it was comparable to chlorpheniramine and PBZ against histamine and PGE2, respectively. Both extracts produced about 80%, 40%, and 30% inhibition of inflammation induced by BK, compound 48/80, and serotonin. The histological analysis revealed that the extracts were more potent than PBZ in inhibiting cellular infiltration and subcutaneous oedema induced by carrageenin. The extracts of DL exert their antiinflammatory effects mainly by inhibiting histamine and BK and partly by inhibiting PGE2.  (+info)

Inhibition of Calotropis procera latex-induced inflammatory hyperalgesia by oxytocin and melatonin. (6/28)

The latex of the wild growing plant Calotropis procera produces inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes upon accidental exposure. On local administration it elicits an intense inflammatory response due to the release of histamine and prostaglandins that is associated with hyperalgesia. In the present study we have evaluated the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activity of oxytocin and melatonin against rat paw edema induced by dried latex (DL) of C procera and compared it with that against carrageenan-induced paw edema. Aqueous extract of DL of C procera or carrageenan (1%) was injected into the subplantar surface of the rat paw and the paw volume was measured at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 10, and 24 hours. The associated hyperalgesic response and functional impairment were also evaluated concomitantly by dorsal flexion pain test, motility test, and stair climbing ability test. The inhibitory effect of oxytocin and melatonin on edema formation and hyperalgesic response was compared with dexamethasone. DL-induced edema formation was maximum at 2 hours and was associated with decreased pain threshold and functional impairment. Treatment with melatonin significantly attenuated the edematous response while both oxytocin and melatonin increased the pain threshold and improved functional parameters. Both oxytocin and melatonin significantly inhibited the hyperalgesia associated with DL-induced paw edema. Oxytocin was found to be as effective as melatonin in ameliorating the hyperalgesic response. However, it was found to be less effective than melatonin in attenuating edema formation.  (+info)

Anticancer and cytotoxic properties of the latex of Calotropis procera in a transgenic mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma. (7/28)

AIM: To evaluate the anticancer property of the dried latex (DL) of Calotropis procera, a tropical medicinal plant, in the X15-myc transgenic mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma and to elucidate its mechanism of action in cell culture. METHODS: The young transgenic mice were orally fed with the aqueous suspension of DL (400 mg/kg for 5 d/wk) for 15 wk and their liver was examined for histopathological changes at 20 wk. Serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were also measured in these animals. To characterize the active fraction, DL was extracted with petroleum ether followed by methanol. The methanolic extract was sub-fractionated on a silica gel G column using a combination of non-polar and polar solvents and eleven fractions were obtained. Each fraction was analysed for cytotoxic effect on hepatoma (Huh7) and non-hepatoma (COS-1) cell lines and non-transformed hepatocytes (AML12) using tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Finally, the mechanism of cell death was investigated by measuring the levels of Bcl2, caspase 3 and DNA fragmentation. RESULTS: DL treatment of mice showed a complete protection against hepatocarcinogenesis. No adverse effect was observed in these animals. The serum VEGF level was significantly lowered in the treated mice as compared to control animals. Cell culture studies revealed that the methanolic extract of DL as well as its fraction 8 induced extensive cell death in both Huh-7 and COS-1 cells while AML12 cells were spared. This was accompanied by extensive fragmentation of DNA in Huh-7 and COS-1 cells. No change in the levels of canonical markers of apoptosis such as Bcl2 and caspase 3 was observed. CONCLUSION: DL of C. procera has the potential for anti-cancer therapy due to its differentiable targets and non-interference with regular pathway of apoptosis.  (+info)

Latex constituents from Calotropis procera (R. Br.) display toxicity upon egg hatching and larvae of Aedes aegypti (Linn.). (8/28)

Calotropis procera R. Br. (Asclepiadaceae) is a well-known medicinal plant with leaves, roots, and bark being exploited by popular medicine to fight many human and animal diseases. This work deals with the fractionation of the crude latex produced by the green parts of the plant and aims to evaluate its toxic effects upon egg hatching and larval development of Aedes aegypti. The whole latex was shown to cause 100% mortality of 3rd instars within 5 min. It was fractionated into water-soluble dialyzable (DF) and non-dialyzable (NDF) rubber-free materials. Both fractions were partially effective to prevent egg hatching and most of individuals growing under experimental conditions died before reaching 2nd instars or stayed in 1st instars. Besides, the fractions were very toxic to 3rd instars causing 100% mortality within 24 h. When both fractions were submitted to heat-treatment the toxic effects were diminished considerably suggesting low thermostability of the toxic compounds. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of both fractions and their newly fractionated peaks obtained through ion exchange chromatography or desalting attested the presence of proteins in both materials. When submitted to protease digestion prior to larvicidal assays NDF lost most of its toxicity but DF was still strongly active. It may be possible that the highly toxic effects of the whole latex from C. procera upon egg hatching and larvae development should be at least in part due to its protein content found in NDE However the toxicity seems also to involve non protein molecules present in DF.  (+info)

*Calotropis

... procera Calotropis procera fruit Calotropis procera Calotropis procera Calotropis procera Calotropis gigantea ... USDA classification for Calotropis Calotropis procera PIER - Calotropis giantea. ... Calotropis gigantea Floral tassels made from Calotropis flowers. "Calotropis R. Br". Germplasm Resources Information Network. ... Calotropis gigantea and C. procera are the two most common species in the genus. Calotropis gigantea grows to a height of 8 to ...

*Calotropis gigantea

Play media Calotropis gigantea (crown flower) is a species of Calotropis native to Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, the ... In Calotropis, gynostegium is present (formed by the fusion of stigma and androecium). The pollen are in a structure named ... The latex of Calotropis gigantea contains cardiac glycosides, fatty acids, and calcium oxalate. This plant plays host to a ... Calotropis is an example of entomophily pollination (pollination by insects) and pollination is achieved with the help of bees ...

*List of plants of Burkina Faso

Calotropis procera (Aiton) R.Br. Calyptrochilum christyanum (Rchb.f.) Summerh. Calyptrochilum emarginatum (Sw.) Schltr. ...

*Acalolepta nivosa

It feeds on Calotropis gigantea. BioLib.cz - Acalolepta nivosa. Retrieved on 8 September 2014.. ...

*Helen Springs Station

The Barkly Tableland and other areas of northern Australia are prone to infestations of Calotropis procera which is slowly ... "Rubber Bush (Calotropis procera) Project" (PDF). Katherine Rural Review. Northern Territory Government. 9 February 2012. ...

*Poekilocerus pictus

Wang, Z. N.; Wang, M. Y.; Mei, W. L.; Han, Z.; Dai, H. F. (2008). "A New Cytotoxic Pregnanone from Calotropis gigantea". ... The grasshopper feeds on the poisonous plant Calotropis gigantea. Upon slight pinching of the head or abdomen, the half-grown ... Mathen, C; Hardikar, B (2010). "Cytotoxic compounds from Poecilocerus pictus feeding on Calotropis gigantea". Journal of ... FEEDING ON CALOTROPIS GIGANTEA UNDER LABORATORY CONDITIONS". Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. 107 (2): 122-129. ...

*Swapan Kumar Datta

Demonstrated in vitro laticifer differentiation in Calotropis gigantea. Developed transgenic cultivars resistant to bacterial ...

*Sherani District

It contains the toxic glycosides uscharin, calotropis and calotoxin. Uscharin is an effective pesticide for land snails. Skin ... There are also a wide range of shrubs, including spalmai (Pashto) (Calotropis gigantea), buska (Pashto) (Lepidium draba), ... Calotropis procera), grows prolifically in Shinghar. It is deadly poison if eaten, as Alexander the Great discovered when his ...

*List of MeSH codes (B06)

... calotropis (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.099.099 --- cryptolepis (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.099. ...

*Parantica nilgiriensis

It does not seem to feed on Calotropis sp. which its close cousin P. aglea feeds on. [Pulikkal U. 2009] Eggs: Eggs are white, ...

*Savandurga

tree Caesalpinia bonducella Fleming shrub Calotropis gigantea (L.) Dryand. shrub Canthium angustifolium Roxb. tree Canthium ...

*Hoggar Mountains

Other plants may include Citrullus colocynthis and Calotropis procera. Prehistoric settlement is evident from extant rock ...

*Semitocossus johannes

The larvae have been recorded feeding on Calotropis procera. Cossidae of Israel Insects Associated with Milkweed Calotropis ...

*Lokori

Figs including Ficus sycamorus and the milkweed Calotropis procera are found. Tilapia and Clarias are found in the Kerio and ...

*Asaia siamensis

It was first isolated from a flower of Calotropis gigantea collected in Bangkok. Its type strain is NRIC 0323T (= JCM 10715T = ...

*Asclepias curassavica

Structure of ascelpin and some observations on the NMR spectra of Calotropis glycosides. Phytochemistry 11: 757-762. Singh, B. ...

*Queen (butterfly)

The caterpillar has also been observed on Asclepias nivea, Calotropis procea, and Apocynaceae nerium. Other reported host ...

*Minneriya National Park

Randia dumetorum, crotons, and Calotropis gigantea are common in abandoned chena cultivations and scrublands. Plantations of ...

*Nabkha

In central Asia and surrounding areas they occur on Calotropis, Ziziphus, Salvadora, and Heliotropium species. A nabkha is ...

*Danaus chrysippus

In India, oviposition has been observed on the following species of plant: Asclepias curassavica Calotropis gigantea Calotropis ... The life cycle of Danaus chrysippus Linnaeus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) on Calotropis procera in Bushehr-Iran. Munis Entomology ... The life cycle of Danaus chrysippus Linnaeus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) on Calotropis procera in Bushehr-Iran. Munis Entomology ... The life cycle of Danaus chrysippus Linnaeus (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) on Calotropis procera in Bushehr-Iran. Munis Entomology ...

*Spilostethus rivularis

Members of its genus feed on the seeds of various milkweed species, related Calotropis spp., and afrotropical Solanum spp. They ...

*Xylocopa pubescens

Both species visit Calotropis procera only for nectar, Retama raetam for both pollen and nectar, and Lucaena only for pollen. ... Those visited for nectar include Calotropis, Bauhinia, Crotalaria, Anisomeles, and Gmelina species and some other plants. In ... and all day in Calotropis species. X. pubescens will adjust foraging behavior accordingly. Most flower visits are short, ...

*Culex gelidus

From an experiment, it was evident that aqueous solution of Calotropis gigantea leaves possess larvicidal activity, mosquito ... "Larvicidal, repellent and ovicidal activity of Calotropis gigantean against Culex gelidus, Culex tritaeniorhynchus (Diptera: ...

*Desert National Park

The vegetation is sparse, and patches of sewan grass and aak shrub (Calotropis) can be seen. The landscape includes craggy ...

*Solanum linnaeanum

Furthermore, the common name "Apple of Sodom" is also applied to the dogbane species Calotropis procera. AWC (2004) Species ... "Calotropis procera". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ...
p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;",Introduction: Medicinal plants are considered to be safer, non-toxic and less harmful as compared to synthetic based drugs that are available. In this study, we focused on aqueous leaves extract of Calotropis gigantea for determining its antimicrobial activity in infected (dengue) human whole blood samples using flow cytometry.Methods: Infected dengue human blood samples (n = 5; confirmed on the basis of NS1 antigen to dengue virus;) were collected from pathology lab and evaluated its blood counts (lymphocytes, monocytes and granulocytes count); forward scatter (FSC) and side scatter (SSC) including CD14 monocyte surface marker following the use of variable doses of aqueous leaves extract of C. gigantea.Results: In this study, the results showed that aqueous leaves extract of C. gigantea caused enhancement in case of granulocytes FSC (shape and size) and SSC (granularity) counts but this aqueous extract inhibited CD14 ...
Discover Lifes page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Calotropis gigantea image
Abstract This work presents antibacterial potential and anatomical investigation of Calotropis procera (Aiton) Dryand. Populations from different areas of Mirpur (Azad Jammu & Kashmir), Pakistan. In the research, three different areas (viz: Jarikus, Khaliqabad and Jatlan) were selected for population sampling (leaf parts) having no symptom of disease. Leaf powder was macerated in two solvents and tested against four pathogenic bacterial strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa). The methanolic extract depicted highest zone of inhibition (ZI) values with 14.67±1 mm against Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) while aqueous extract showed good ZI (14±1 mm) against this bacterium. Extract from Jatlan sample showed highest ZI values for methanolic fraction against Staphylococcus aureus and least effect against Bacillus subtilis (13±1 mm). Against E. coli methanol showed 14.7±0.8 mm and aqueous showed 11±0.5 mm zone of inhibition. Against Pseudomonas ...
Calotropis is a genus of flowering plants in the dogbane family, Apocynaceae, first described as a genus in 1810. It is native to southern Asia and North Africa. They are commonly known as milkweeds because of the latex they produce. Calotropis species are considered common weeds in some parts of the world. The flowers are fragrant and are often used in making floral tassels in some mainland Southeast Asian cultures. Fibers of these plants are called madar or mader. Calotropis species are usually found in abandoned farmland. Calotropis gigantea and C. procera are the two most common species in the genus. Calotropis gigantea grows to a height of 8 to 10 ft (2.4 to 3.0 m) while C. procera grows to about 3 to 6 ft (0.91 to 1.83 m). The leaves are sessile and sub-sessile, opposite, ovate, cordate at the base. The flowers are about 1.5 to 2 in (3.8 to 5.1 cm) in size, with umbellate lateral cymes and are colored white to pink and are fragrant in case of C. procera while the flowers of C. gigantea are ...
Shihan, T. R. (2016). Butterflies of Bangladesh- Site of Natural Histories of Bangladeshi Butterflies. https://butterfliesofbangladesh.blogspot.com/ Accessed on DD-MM- ...
The original Procera AVH is a decent 3.5-star brain supplement that lost some points for bad ethics and limited scope of nootropic activity.. (Check out our Procera AVH vs. Procera XTF review here). But the formula itself-the actual AVH nutrients-are good for boosting brain circulation, brain energy, brain oxygenation, and especially for acetylcholine. Procera XTF builds around that solid AVH core.. Of the new ingredients in XTF, Vitamin B6 and Rhodiola are viable upgrades for mood balance, brainpower and stress resistance. But they use inferior B6 and hide Rhodiolas dosage, so we cant know if its enough to work.. Green coffee bean fails. It makes XTFs formulators look bad, because green coffee is light on caffeine, and is not a nootropic-its for weight loss!. Procera XTFs other sources of caffeine look OK, but the 40 mg total caffeine dose will be roughly useless to regular coffee drinkers with tolerance.. Theres nothing extreme about Procera XTF Extreme Focus. Its OK as a mild ...
The grasshopper feeds on the poisonous plant Calotropis gigantea.[1]. Upon slight pinching of the head or abdomen, the half-grown immature form ejects liquid in a sharp and sudden jet, with a range of two inches or more, from a dorsal opening between the first and second abdominal segments. The discharge is directed towards the pinched area and may be repeated several times. The liquid is pale and milky, slightly viscous and bad-tasting,[1] containing cardiac glycosides that the insect obtains from the plant it feeds upon.[4][5]. In the adult, the discharge occurs under the tegmina and collects as viscous bubbly heap along the sides of the body.[1]. ...
Antioxidants are believed to quench free radicals which are unpaired and free electron making them highly reactive. Oxidative free radicals are generated by metabolic reactions creating a chain reaction leading to membrane and other lipid peroxidation, DNA damage, etc. The antioxidants interact with the free radicals and stabilize them. One major action of antioxidants in cells is to prevent damage due to the action of reactive oxygen species like hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), the superoxide ion (O2−), and free radical such as the hydroxyl ion ( OH). They may be enzymatic like the enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and catalase or non enzymatic like β- carotene, α- tocopherol and ascorbic acid ...
akund floss: Downy seed fibre obtained from Calotropis procera and C. gigantea, milkweed plants of the Apocynaceae family (formerly in Asclepiadaceae). Small trees or shrubs, these two species...
Literature References: African arrow poison and cardiac glycoside produced by Calotropis procera R. Br., Asclepiadaceae: Hesse et al., Ann. 566, 130 (1950). Prepn by hydrolysis of uscharin with 2N H2SO4 in methanol: Hesse et al., Ann. 537, 67 (1938); by treatment of voruscharin with mercuric chloride: Hesse, Ludwig, Ann. 632, 158 (1960). Structure: Crout et al., J. Chem. Soc. 1964, 2187. Revised structure: Brüschweiler et al., Helv. Chim. Acta 52, 2276 (1969). Stereochemistry: H. T. A. Cheung, T. R. Watson, J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans. 1 1980, 2162. ...
References. Aghajanpour, M. et al. 2017. "Functional foods and their role in cancer prevention and health promotion: A comprehensive review." American Journal of Cancer Research; 7(4):740.. Choedon, T. et al. 2006. "Anticancer and cytotoxic properties of the latex of Calotropis procera in a transgenic mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma." World Journal of Gastroenterology; 12:2517.. Ehrman, T.M. et al. 2007. "Phytochemical databases of Chinese herbal constituents and bioactive plant compounds with known target specificities." Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling; 47:254.. Fabricant, D.S. et al. 2001. "The value of plants used in traditional medicine for drug discovery." Environmental Health Perspectives; 109(Suppl 1):69.. Ganeshan, A. 2008. "The impact of natural products upon modern drug discovery." Current Opinion in Chemical Biology; 12:306.. Harvey, A.L. 2008. "Natural products in drug discovery." Drug Discovery Today; 13:894.. Katiyar, C. et al. 2012. "Drug discovery from plant ...
Clan Aiton - This double heart design necklace has a recess at the front where we can print your choice of tartan, choose from hundreds of clan, family and district tartans. - printed to order at ScotClans
Whether you ve signed the read bede and the end or once, if you ve your free and selected articles decisively scales will let bibliographical Loyalists that meet also for them. You tend t takes thoroughly spotlight! Your plant led an real plan.
NobelProcera® provides a full range of innovative restorative options from single units to implants and implant-supported options for edentulous areas. A wide selection of solutions for edentulous patients is available. Fixed implant bridges and fixed-removable (bar) solutions on implants are offered.. Different restorative solutions employ specific materials for aesthetics and function.. NobelProcera® products come with a 5 year product warranty. NobelProcera® milling processes follow ISO regulations.. Benefits. ...
Embalagens com 1, 2 e 4 comprimidos revestidos. Composição. Cada comprimido revestido de 50 mg contém: citrato de sildenafila. 50 mg. excipientes. od ponad półtora roku biorę Zoloft, od troszkę ponad roku biorę dwie tabletki dziennie (tak mi psychiatra nakazuje). Jednak . Słyszłam pozytywne opinie o Zolofcie i mam nadzieje że to bedzie tan lek, który pomoże mi uporać się z nerwicą. Już teraz czuję Ja biorę Zoloft 0,50mg dziennie już 3 miesiące. Na początku 2. Ja biore zoloft od 5miesięcy i jak narazie powiem wam że duzo mi pomógł to co było a co jest to bez porównania chodz poczatki nie były łatwe ale ostatnio mam wrazenie że jego działanie się osłabiło tzn ja biore bardzo malutka dawke bo tylko 50mg lekarz mi powiedział że jak nadal bede się tak czuć to.. ...
Apple of Sodom (Calotropis procera) is a species of plant. It is also known as Roostertree. It belongs in the subfamily Asclepiadoideae.. It is native to North Africa, Central Africa, Western Asia, South Asia, and Indochina. It has been naturalized in Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, Hawaii, and southern California.. ...
The allelopathic effect of medicinal leaf extracts of Ocimum sanctum L., Calotropis procera(Ait.) Ait.f and Astragalus tribuloides Delile on the radical length of mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) in Vitro conditions. The results indicated that different extracts such as alcoholic, aqueous acidic and alkaline extract of Ocimum sanctum L., Calotropis procera(Ait.) Ait.f and Astragalus tribuloides Delile showed different radical length of mungbean in Vitro conditions. Alcoholic extract of Ocimum sanctum L. showed highest radical effect in comparison of other extracts. The aqueous acidic extract of Calotropis procera(Ait.) Ait.f, produce considerably higher as compared to control followed by alcoholic but alkaline extract showed negative effect on radical length of mungbean. However, the alcoholic extracts of Astragalus tribuloides Delile showed positive effect than aqueous acidic extract and alkaline on the radical length of mungbean.. ...
Picture Archives - Album 1165 (Doha, Qatar, March 4 - 6, 2013) - Photo 12 (Ladybug on a leaf of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 5, 2013)
Background and objectives: The use of herbal drugs in the treatment of many neurological disorders is gaining popularity in developing countries due to their fewer unwanted side effects, affordability and cultural acceptability. A mixture of three plants roots Calotropis procera (Asclepediaceae), Combretum micranthum (Combretaceae) and Ficus abutilifolia (Moraceae) has been reported in Hausa traditional treatment of epilepsy. We have reported the evaluation of the acute toxicity and anticonvulsant activity of the ethanol extract of this mixture. Methods: The intra-peritoneal medial lethal dose (LD50) of the aqueous ethanol extract of the mixture as well as its anticonvulsive activity against pentylenetetrazole (PTZ), 4-amino pyridine (4-AMP) and maximum electric shock (MES) were evaluated. Results: The mixture at the doses of 25 to 100 mg/kg could not afford a significant protection to mice against PTZ and 4-AMP; however, it significantly delayed the mean onset and reduced the mean recovery time of the
9. Ulmus procera Salisbury, Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton. 391. 1796. English elm, English cork elm Trees , to 40 m; crowns open. Bark grayish brown, deeply ridged, flaking. Wood hard. Branches: old-growth branchlets with corky ridges; twigs reddish brown, villous to scabrous, old-growth branchlets with corky ridges. Buds ovoid; scales dark brown, sparsely pubescent, marginally pale-ciliate. Leaves: petiole 3-12 mm, villous to scabrous. Leaf blade broadly lanceolate-elliptic to ovate, (3-)7-10 × (3-)4-6(-10) cm, base strongly oblique, not covering petiole, margins doubly serrate, apex acute to acuminate; surfaces abaxially villous with woolly tufts in vein axils, pale in contrast to adaxial surface, adaxially dark green, glabrous to sparsely scabrous, margins not ciliate. Inflorescences dense clusters of subsessile flowers borne on lateral shoots resembling short racemes, flowers and fruits not pendulous. Flowers: calyx green to reddish purple or tan, shallowly lobed, lobes 5-8, marginally ...
The name agrimonia may have its origin in the Greek word agremone, which refers to plants that supposedly healed cataracts of the eye. The species name eupatoria relates to Mithradates Eupator, King of Pontus, who is credited with introducing many herbal remedies. The Doctrine of Signatures, developed in Europe in the 16th and 17th Centuries, has listed agrimony as one of the 23 substances with medicinal uses, bearing witness to the extent of its influence at the time.
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NOTE: Due to weight cannot be shipped in a box. Nursery pickup or other special arrangements will be considered Growth Habit: mounding forms USDA Zone: 5-8 Exposure: filtered to full...
Boulder, CO Prosthodontist, Dr. Andrew Johann is dedicated to prosthodontics from prevention care to restorations and implant dentistry. We offer treatments such as dental implants, porcelain veneers, dentures and more.
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There has been an abundance of Parasol mushrooms Macrolepiota procera in the horse field this year. (2013) Some of the caps had a diameter of 25cms, and they are very tall and easily knocked over. There is a moveable ring on the stem and the stems base is speckled. Many fungi grow in rings, some many metres across and visible in ariel surveys. Below shows a ring centered on a patch of nettles . The ring typically expands outwards over the years as nutrients are used up. Said to be edible and excellent. Photos left Michael Rumble and above Brian Ecott. 29th Sept. 2013. ...
Can anyone post me a picture or a website of pictures of mammeria gigantea seedlings? I think i got some but i dont know [img]http://www.********
Pictures of orobanchaceae wildflowers of West USA. Bulbous green fruits of pedicularis procera - Arrastra Basin Trail, San Juan Mountains, Colorado. High resolution version
The Biodiversity Heritage Library works collaboratively to make biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.
The key elements within this formula are: Acetyl L-Carnitine, Vinpocetine and Huperzine and so abbreviated is AVH.Alzheimers is caused by a deterioration of cells and the Acetyl L-Carnitine helps to reduce this effect and improve the brain capacity as well as performance.The enzyme that removes acetylcholine from the synapse is Acetyl cholinesterase. The brain, in fact, blocks the performance of Huperzine to allow the increase of Acetyl cholinesterase which is why there is Huperzine is used acting as an inhibitor and protects the brain from calcium.A plant-based substance named Vinpocetine is known to solve memory loss, reduced concentration and will increase blood flow and oxygen.Firstly, we can rule out any side effects that may come around with a product that contains any form of stimulants as this supplement is 100% stimulant-free.Because all the ingredients are natural, the product is classed as safe and increases blood distribution to the brain which is said to have a positive effect ...
Journey to places described by the Benedictine monk the Venerable Bede in his books which included Ecclesiastical History of the English People - one of the most important sources of Anglo-Saxon history, completed in 731AD. The trip includes visits to places which would have been familiar to Bede - Lindisfarne (Holy Island), Durham Cathedral (where Bede is buried), the magnificent Bamburgh Castle and the 7th-century St Pauls Church - all located in the beautiful scenery of Northumberland.
Flora of China Editorial Committee. 2010. Flora of China (Fabaceae). 10: 1-642. In C. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds.) Fl. China. Science Press & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing & St. Louis ...
Subproject manager for the HITS project. Working mainly with industry partners Icomera and Procera Networks on methods to collect and evaluate large amounts of networks trace and performance data. Improved traffic classification, and improved understanding of the train to cellular wireless channel are current areas of interest.. Project initiator and manager for the FIVES project. FIVES was funded by Safer Internet plus, and was a project aiming to develop computer forensics, image and video processing tools to aid the police when investigating cases related to Child Sexual Abuse. The consortia was composed of six partners from five countries, including academic, law enforcement and commercial organizations.. Initiator and project manager for the KauNet project funded by the Swedish foundation for Internet Infrastructure enhance the KauNet emulator codebase and documentation.. Five month research visit at Ecole Nationale Supérieure dIngénieurs de Constructions Aéronautiques (ENSICA), ...
Mbretëria e Piktëve ishte shteti i cili eventualisht u njoh me emrin "Alba" ose "Skocia". Zhvillimi i "Piklandit", sipas modelit historik i bërë nga Peter Heather, ishte përgjigje natyrale e imperializmit Romak.[14] Një shikim tjetër i vë theks Betejës së Dunnichenit dhe sundimit të Bridei m. Beli (671-693), me një periudhë tjetër konsolidimi në sundimin e Óengus mac Fergusa (732-761).[15] Mbretëria e Piktëve siç ishte në fillim të shekullit të 8-të, kur Bede shkruante, ishte shumë e ngjashme me mbretërinë e Skotëve nën sundimit e Aleksandrit (1107-1124). Sidoqoftë, deri në shekullin e 10të, Mbretëria Pikte ishte dominuar nga ajo çfarë ne sot e quajmë Kulturë Gale, dhe kishte zhvilluar një mit të pushtimit Irlandez rreth pasardhësve të dinastisë mbretërore të kohës, Cináed mac Ailpín (Kenneth MacAlpin).[16][17][18]. Prej një baze të territorit të Skocisë lindore, në veri të lumit Forth dhe jug të lumit Oykel, mbretëria mori kontrollin e ...
This explanation of Easter, including both Christian beliefs and the various festive foods, as an imaginary conversation with a 4 year old is a lovely starting point for working out how to explain it to your children in a Christian household. Thank you Oh Baby magazine. (I note that scholarly works, including Bede in 8th Century…
Bede Sheppard says attacks on schools should be viewed as a war crime; they deny children safety and the education that is best hope for their countries future.
The giant oat grass is amongst the most impressive of grasses, forming clumps of narrow foliage and upright spikes topped by large oat like golden brown flowerheads held high above the foliage and lasting well into winter. Must have sunny well drained spot. Height 1.8m-2.1m. Evergreen. ...
A giant puffball, or calvatia gigantea, is edible only before it matures. The key to identifying the giant puffball and its state of maturity is observing both its texture and lack of gills, which is...
Looking for Asclepiadaceae? Find out information about Asclepiadaceae. A family of tropical and subtropical flowering plants in the order Gentianales characterized by a well-developed latex system; milkweed is a well-known... Explanation of Asclepiadaceae
This standard is formulated for the purposes of enforcing the Environment Protection Law of the Peoples Republic of China and Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law of the Peoples Republic of China, protecting the environment, safeguarding the public health, and setting standards for the determination of methomyl and methomyl-oxime in water. This standard specifies the high performance liquid chromatography used to determine methomyl and methomyl-oxime in water. This standard is the original version.. ...
The problem is greater than the question of the incarnation. If we ask others (or even ourselves) to believe in the virginal conception of Jesus-and more than that, to believe that the unapproachable and uncontainable God was incarnate as man and walked the earth in a historical verifiable time and place-then how are we to view the rest of the endless list of divine intrusions into the natural order? The majority of Christians have found a way around the 7 days of Creation and all that by viewing it as a spiritual rather than literal story. But what about the flood, the plagues in Egypt, Mt Sinai, the walls of Jericho, and so many other such stories? And after the time of Christ, what about the many saints endlessly healing infirmities and even raising the dead? God can, of course, do anything; so why arent all of these stories equally possible and equally believable?. One obvious problem is that so many of these tales are patently false, and people grappling with their faith often find ...
Aak Plant: Aak (Hindi) Plant / Flower / Aak Fruit (Dodi) or Calotropis plant (English) is found in Rajasthan or Western Part of India mostly apart from most parts of the world in dry, sandy and alkaline soils and warm climate. Even aak plant is found in all part of India from Punjab and Rajasthan to Assam and Kanyakumari but It grows abundantly in Rajasthan. It is found in its waste lands and grows as a weed in agricultural lands ...
Previously thought to be an "animal-only" pigment, bilirubin is best known as the yellowish hue associated with bruises and jaundice sufferers. In 2009 the FIU researchers found bilirubin in the arils of Strelitzia nicolai, the white Bird of Paradise tree. The incredible discovery-that bilirubin exists in both plants and animals-put Pirones research on the scientific map. The current study expands the original research and reveals new insights into the presence of animal pigment in flowers. Advisor David Lee credits Pirone for her persistence and scientific acumen. "Cary has made a remarkable discovery", he noted, adding that it was Pirones persistence and curiosity that persuaded colleagues that she was on the right track.. Strelitzia reginae Aiton, the Bird of Paradise plant, is known for its vibrant orange and blue inflorescences. Native to South Africa, it is widely cultivated in warm temperate and tropical regions. Aside from the widely recognized shape of its flower, which resembles the ...
Plants forming loose and deep mats; glossy green to yellow green with strongly contrasting reddish stems, mostly with a whitish cast in exposed sites. Primary stems (stolons), secondary stems, and branches little differentiated except as to size with larger axes to 15 cm long, ascending to decumbent, not julaceous, mostly regularly pinnate with branch apices blunt to occasionally attenuate or even flagelliform; paraphyllia absent. Leaves falcate-secund on better developed plants, not imbricate or julaceous, plicate, erect-ascending to spreading, not much altered when dry, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, to 4 mm long, 2-3: 1, with apex acuminate, erect or flexed but not deflexed. Margins serrulate to sharply serrulate from base to apex, recurved but with the angle of that recurvature rather broad, short decurrent. Costa extending about 3/4, strongly flattened and broadened at base filling about 1/3 of that leaf base; forked into 2-4 auxiliary lateral costae. Median Laminal cells smooth and rhomboidal, ...
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Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Species Arundinaria gigantea (Walter) Muhl. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles ...
Plant infestation with parasitic weeds like Cuscuta reflexa induces morphological as well as biochemical changes in the host and the parasite. These modifications could be caused by a change in protein or gene activity. Using a comparative macroarray approach Cuscuta genes specifically upregulated at the host attachment site were identified. One of the infestation specific Cuscuta genes encodes a cysteine protease. The protein and its intrinsic inhibitory peptide were heterologously expressed, purified and biochemically characterized. The haustoria specific enzyme was named cuscutain in accordance with similar proteins from other plants, e.g. papaya. The role of cuscutain and its inhibitor during the host parasite interaction was studied by external application of an inhibitor suspension, which induced a significant reduction of successful infection events. The study provides new information about molecular events during the parasitic plant - host interaction. Inhibition of cuscutain cysteine proteinase
What an afraid download illustrated handbook of succulent plants: asclepiadaceae this did. radically it stares right good. I would see to be more Tolkien girls.
38. Gymnadenia R. Brown in W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew., ed. 2. 5: 191. 1813. 手参属 shou shen shu Authors: Xinqi Chen, Stephan W. Gale & Phillip J. Cribb Nigritella Richard.. Herbs, terrestrial, medium-sized, slender to robust. Tubers palmately lobed, fleshy, neck with several slender, slightly fleshy roots. Stem erect, terete, fleshy, glabrous, leafy. Leaves cauline, alternate, linear-ligulate to elliptic, basally conduplicate and sheathing stem. Inflorescence capitate to elongate, with a few lanceolate sterile bracts proximally and many flowers in a dense terminal raceme; floral bracts shorter than, equal to, or slightly longer than ovary. Flowers resupinate, small to medium-sized; ovary usually twisted, narrowly cylindric or fusiform, glabrous. Sepals free, spreading; dorsal sepal concave; lateral sepals reflexed. Petals connivent with dorsal sepal and forming a hood, straight, slightly shorter than sepals; lip broadly rhombic to obovate, concave at base, spurred, conspicuously 3-lobed to ...
APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: eudicots • Cladus: core eudicots • Cladus: superasterids • Cladus: asterids • Cladus: euasterids I • Ordo: Boraginales • Familia: Boraginaceae • Subfamilia: Boraginoideae • Genus: Echium • Species: Echium nervosum W.T.Aiton (1810.) ...
Authors: Ananatha Narayanan, Susurutha K. Wickremesekera, Bede van Schaijik, Reginald W. Marsh, Helen D. Brasch, Swee T. Tan and Tinte Itinteang. Journal of Cancer Metastasis and Treatment (2019).5: 36 - 46. Doi:10.20517/2394-4722.2018.77. https://jcmtjournal.com/article/view/3054. Colorectal (colon) cancer accounts for about 10% of all cancers. It is the second most common cause of cancer death in New Zealand.. Colorectal cancer may spread in the body. The liver is the most common site for secondary tumours, with up to 50% of patients developing consequent liver tumours.. The concept of cancer stem cells, the focus of much of the GMRIs research, proposes that there is a sub-population of cells within a cancer that have properties similar to embryonic stem cells which are the driving force of the development of the cancer. The paper identifies three sub-populations of these cells, through their distinctive markers, which are shown to be present in liver metastases arising from colon ...
Copyright © 1988, 1989 by Digital Equipment Corporation.. As decreed by Pope Gregory XIII, October 4, 1582, was followed by October 15, 1582. Thus ended the 1600-year reign of the Julian calendar upon which the Gregorian calendar is based, and thus began the calendar which DECwindows Calendar uses to measure time.. Calendars based on sun and moon movement were used even by the ancients, but the first reasonably accurate one was the 365 1/4-day cycle calculated by the Greek Sosigenes. This was the calendar authorized by Julius Caesar in 46 BC. The Julian calendar (not to be confused with the Julian period; see below) had 3 years of 365 days each, followed by a fourth year of 366 days.. The 365 1/4-day cycle was more accurately defined in 730 AD by the Venerable Bede, an Anglo-Saxon monk, who shortened the time by 11 minutes, 14 seconds. This accumulates to a whole days error every 128 years, or a little more than 3 days every 400 years. This being the Dark Ages, nothing was done to adjust the ...
Barnabas Bede - Mathematics of Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy LogicPublished: 2012-12-14 | ISBN: 3642352200 | PDF | 400 pages | 5 MB This book presents a
Acrostic Wit. The downward acrostic codeline-F BT BYAT BL I A LHB-encodes such potentialities as these: "If Betty bit Bill (bed bull), eye a lap (lip)," "Fate [B=8] bad, Italy isle be [B=8]," "If bitty Betty be, Ill eye a Libbie," "If Bitty Betty belie, eye Libbie," and "Sated, ye Tibalt-jewel ate" [F=S, B=8]. The upward codeline-BHLAI L BTAY B TBF-encodes such potential messages as these: "Belly ill, Betty ate [B=8] beef," "Baal Ill be tidy aid of," "Bull ayell be tied t beef," "Baal I eye, ill Bede, aye yapped Titus [F=S]," and "Belly pound [LB+T] I, beat beef." The codeline also suggests Holy, Holly. The downward code seems to house plays on Betty and Libby, likely variants of Elizabeth [Hall], Will s granddaughter, born February 1608]: e.g., If Bitty Betty belie [addle (= code 8-L)], eye Libbie. (With L=I in the code, LIAIHB = Libbie.) The encoded name recurs in the upward reverse as, e.g., B.Hall eye, Libbie; Betty [BTAY]; Betty [BT]; and Bess (with F=S because these letters in ...
Two prose texts, one on the embolisms (fol. 14v-15r) and another on the saltus lunae (fol. 15r-v), separate this anthology from an additional poem on the months ("Incipit hic ianus cui traditur astrea capra...") added to fol. 15v by Scribe A. This last poem, along with others, also appears in the calendar. Poetry is one of the oldest genres of computistic writing. Isidore of Seville speaks of carmina cyclica, Bede quotes Ausonius Ecloga 16 on the relationship between the months and the zodiac signs in De temporum ratione 16, and Priscian, the Aratea, Dracontius and others were adopted or adapted for computistical purposes. The classical Latin exemplars are mainly verses about the twelve months of the solar year,1 but the medieval genre expanded to include mnemonics for the various lists of data a student of computus was expected to master. 2 MS 17s poems on the solar regulars and lunar regulars (nos. 3 and 4 above) are typical examples. The mnemonic potential of computus poetry was sometimes ...
Nice(nice hotel wordpress theme free download) theme with lots of options. Up to six widgets area. Selectable layout among right or left or holy grail or no sidebar, fixed width or fluid width, magazine(magazine wordpress theme free 2014) style(animal wordpress themes free 2013 best magazine style) or traditional style, 5(books wordpress themes free 2012 responsive html5) color(Multicolor wordpress themes) schemes, custom(wordpress theme for customer support) header, custom background, custom CSS, and many more options as if its premium theme. Supporting WordPres 3.0 Navigation Menu, and also come with beautiful Tabbed Sidebar Widget. ...
Forster, P. I., 1989: New host records (Family Asclepiadaceae) for Euploea core corinna (W.S. Macleay) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) in Queensland
International Journal of Pharmacy is the most highly rated peer-reviewed research journal in pharmaceutical sciences category and publishes the latest research works relevant to pharmacy and other allied sciences. The journal publishes full-length research articles that describe original and fundamental findings of significance that contribute to pharmaceutical sciences, as well as shorter communications reporting significant new findings, technical notes / case studies on new methodologies. Review articles are also warmly welcomed. ISSN : 2249-1848. www. pharmascholars.com
The most soaring of all the fir trees, the Grand Noble Fir (abies procera) dots the pristine mountains of the Pacific Northwest. We perfected the tree characteristic lush silhouette and regal upswept branches with born-to-decorate branches and nuanced deep green color. Nicknamed Christmas Tree Deep green, with subtle hints of blue-green and a slightly dusted, silvery underlayer Commercial-quality, superbright, 3,000-hour incandescent lights with superior 170 milliamp filaments Patented Continuous Circuit Technology chip that keeps all bulbs burning at their maximum brightness even if multiple bulbs fail or come out Statuesque upswept silhouette, with an authentic layered look Tips molded from real branches, with wood tone highlights for unmatched realism Light sets are professionally strung by hand to ensure a precise fit with minimal cord visibility Tips are reinforced with
Kloppenburg D. 1993 Hoya sections: a complete study with modifications and additions. Fresno, Calif.: Dale Kloppenburg 51p. - illus.. En Icones, Anatomy and morphology, Keys Geog=0 Systematics: ANGIOSPERMAE (ASCLEPIADACEAE: HOYA ...
9780866982962 Our cheapest price for Anglo-Saxon Manus Micro Fax Me : Manuscripts Containing Works by Bede, is $108.00. Free shipping on all orders over $35.00.
It is a matter of some disappointment to me that what are arguable the greatest pre-Coppernican scientific writings of the western world remain stubbornly locked away in early medieval Latin. I refer of course, to the writings of the Venerable Bede. Historical and theological scholars seem uninterested or ill-equipped for the technical vocabulary involved, and…
Bamboo is the richest known source of silica, a natural mineral that supports the structure of hair and skin. As a fermented liquid, it is bioavailable and eas
Algae Detail UTEX Number: 943Class: ChlorophyceaeStrain: Chlamydomonas giganteaMedia: Modified Bold 3N MediumOrigin: Description of Location: Type Culture: NoCo
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. ...
All non-African species belong to a clade that probably originated in Asia. Here, Bayesian and parsimony analyses produced congruent topologies. Of the four investigated European species, three are present also in Africa (E. major, E. fragilis, and E. campylopoda) and they belong to the basal grade/clade of African species. The European species Ephedra distachya has a broad distribution extending from Spain to Russia and China, but is absent in Africa. The two representatives of E. distachya included in this study are highly supported within one of the Asian clades. According to our results, Ephedra procera, which is generally considered a subspecies of E. major, is instead related to Ephedra equisetina. This finding should be further investigated with a more extensive species sampling. New World species are monophyletic and may have originated from within the Asian clade. They comprise two well-supported groups: a South American and a North American clade. Dry membranous bracts occur in the ...
The answer is b: Latex anaphylaxis occurs in patients with spina bifida or with congenital urologic defects who have undergone repetitive surgeries. Other groups at risk include employees of rubber manufacturers and health care workers. The diagnosis is confirmed by prick skin testing for IgE to latex or by radioallergosorbent test (RAST) assay. Patients with latex-induced anaphylaxis must avoid latex during surgical procedures and live in a latex-free environment. ...
There has been much confusion on the correct identification of the species of Fockea. A new, remarkable closely allied genus, Cibirhiza, has been described. The two genera have been recently placed in a new separate tribe in the Asclepiadaceae. A third genus Petopentia has been confused with Fockea in cultivation.. The genus Fockea Endlicher is a well known and widespread genus in southern Africa, despite this, within the genus, the species limits have long beeen poorly understood. Grace Doreen Court (1987) provided a synopsis of the genus and discussed the botanical history of each species. She recognizes six species as valid. The recent treatment of the genus by Meve in Albers & Meve (2002) concurs with the one presented here. The naming of Fockea species by various British, French, Swiss, German and South African botanists has resulted in all the species being named more than once. The invalid superfluous names are often seen on plants in the horticultural trade. The flowers of Fockea species ...
Nuts By Tom Topor Directed by John Rado With Bede Gwynne, Richard Payten, Geoff Hickey, Nan Vernon, Ted Webster, David Beard, Simon ORourke, Paul Van Reyk, Wednesday Kennedy. New Theatre, Sydney Reviewed by Rod Webb By at least one of the
Floodplain forests, mesic upland forests, bluffs, stream banks, bottomland fields and meadows. Infrequent but locally common in the far sw. mountains; rare elsewhere in the mountains and inner Piedmont ...
INTRODUÇÃO: O mecanismo de proteção das vias aéreas consiste na inibição reflexa da respiração, fechamento do esfíncter glótico, elevação e anteriorização laríngea. Na fase faríngea da deglutição, o deslocamento...
Andromeda polifolia var. latifolia Aiton [= Andromeda polifolia Linnaeus var. glaucophylla (Link) de Candolle = Andromeda glaucophylla Link] [limestone form, "var. depressa" sensu Fernald, Rhodora 18(209): 100-102 (1916) - depressed, short GLOBOSE corolla, purple to purple-black anthers, short filaments with broad bases] - Bog Rosemary - [NF, LAB ...
Cuscuta indecora var. indecora, a dicot, is an annual herb or vine (parasitic) that is native to California and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond. ...
Math-tools pro-vides a se-ries of pack-ages de-signed to en-hance the ap-pear-ance of doc-u-ments con-tain-ing a lot of math-e-mat-ics. The main back-bone is ams-math, so those un-fa-mil-iar with this re-quired part of the LaTeX sys-tem will prob-a-bly not find the pack-ages very use-ful. Math-tools pro-vides many use-ful tools for math-e-mat-i-cal type-set-ting. It is based on ams-math and fixes var-i-ous de-fi-cien-cies of ams-math and stan-dard LaTeX. It pro-vides: ...
Alison Dimer is an Aboriginal Health Worker from the goldfields area of Western Australia. In 2008, as part of the Western Desert Kidney Health Project, she worked with Alison Clough (Healthway International Arts Fellow), and this experience sparked an idea. In the year or so that followed, Alison spent evenings and weekends thinking about this idea, and it became the story of Alfie. Continuing her involvement with the Western Desert Kidney Health Project in 2010, Alison worked with animation artist Steve Aiton, local artist and community member Catherine Howard and the children at three local schools to produce an animation - and Alfie the tooth fairy took flight! The complete animation can be viewed below.. ...
ICE3: High-Tech made in Germany. Single-system and multisystem. For this reason, a 670 V DC train bus bar was implemented which runs through the.East Hanover, NJ, USA; East Orange,. Velassorteret bar Kun øl og vin. single bites, or just a few bites.Supranational suspects;. The Supranational Suspects Behind 9/11: White House, CIA,. you have these wires going to every single room of your house,.VELKOMMEN! Dette er den officielle hjemmeside for Singleklubben. Som altid kan I, hvis I ønsker det, bede om et login til siderne Forum og Billeder.. Announcement about the donations will be made in DistroWatch Weekly on the first. starting at US$125 for a single licence. D39 (Rheinland-Pfalz booth), Hannover.began in 1999 (Berlin 1999, Orleans 2003, Madrid 2006, Grenoble 2009 and Hannover 2012;. Single channel SNMR. bars in black indicate years when special issue.Z-BAR from award-winning. Bell Xpress partners with Telecom. All award-winning entries will be presented at the iF design exhibition Hannover ...
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is present in ev-ery con-form-ing dis-tri-bu-tion of LaTeX, and since ev-ery pub-licly avail-able LaTeX for-mat is built us-ing e-TeX, the re-quire-ments are pro-vided by de-fault on any rea-son-able sys-tem). The pack-age also re-quires xcolor for coloured rules in ta-bles, and col-ortbl for coloured cells. The ...
Looking for online definition of cardenolide in the Medical Dictionary? cardenolide explanation free. What is cardenolide? Meaning of cardenolide medical term. What does cardenolide mean?
Scientific name: Pinus banksiana A.Lambert 1803. Synonyms: Pinus divaricata (Aiton) Dum.Cours., Pinus hudsonica Poir., Pinus rupestris Michx.f. Common names: Black pine, Hudson Bay pine, Jack pine, Scrub pine
Corresponding author: [email protected], [email protected] ABSTRACT. Caralluma edulis (Edgew.) Benth. ex Hk.f. (Asclepiadaceae) is traditionally used for the management of rheumatism. The current study aimed to assess the anti-inflammatory effect of Caralluma edulis, to explain its medicinal use in inflammatory ailments. Caralluma edulis crude extract (Ce.Cr) was investigated in acute (carrageenan and xylene mediated) and chronic (formalin evoked) models of inflammation in mice. Ce.Cr which shows the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, saponins, phenols, terpenes and tannins caused dose-dependent (100, 300 and 1000 mg/kg) reduction of the carrageenan, xylene and formalin-induced inflammation (P , 0.05, P , 0.001 vs. saline group). At the lower dose of 30 mg/kg it was effective in inhibiting the xylene mediated ear edema. No mortality observed with Ce.Cr upto 5 g/kg. This study reveals that Caralluma edulis possess therapeutic ability to reduce inflammation, hence ...
The DoT has opened an inquiry into the incident involving Down syndrome Boy Bede Vanderhorst who was denied boarding an American Airlines flight on Sunday.
New York) - The Pakistani government should immediately drop blasphemy charges against a 17-year-old student and ensure his safe release from detention, Human Rights Watch said today.. The authorities arrested Muhammad Samiullah on January 28, 2011, and charged him under Pakistans "blasphemy law," article 295-C of the criminal code, for allegedly including derogatory remarks about the Prophet Muhammad in his answers on a written school exam in April 2010. According to press reports, police at Shahra Noor Jahan Police Station in Karachi registered a case against Samiullah after receiving a complaint from the chief controller of the intermediate level education board. On January 29, a judicial magistrate, Ehsan A. Malik, ordered Samiullah sent to a juvenile prison pending trial.. "Pakistan has set the standard for intolerance when it comes to misusing blasphemy laws, but sending a schoolboy to jail for something he scribbled on an exam paper is truly appalling," said Bede Sheppard, senior ...
Although the directory itself exists, I have no file , in , , texmf-dist/tex/latex/config/latex.ini , , ( I used tlpm installer in batch mode ) Ah. This seems like a problem with tlpm; maybe Staszek and the author can help. Meanwhile, maybe one of the other Windows installation methods would work for you. (Or use proTeXt, unless theres some reason you specifically want to use the TL version.) You can get the latex.ini file itself from http://tug.org/texlive/devsrc/Master/texmf-dist/tex/latex/config/latex.ini, but if that fundamental file is missing, it seems very likely that others will be missing as well. Regards, Karl ...
We just welcomed our 4th baby in to the family who had SB and had a question about latex precautions. We cloth diapered our others and when calling the different companies of the brands I owned most had encased latex (covered) elastics. Is it safe to use latex elastics they are covered by a cloth material? I was having trouble finding information online. Thanks!
This Full Guide on LaTeX in WordPress Explains the Js, Self Hosted & Rendered Solutions for the Users Seeking For Math, 2D or 3D Graphs.
Basically, latex foam is a kind of foam produced from the liquid latex through vulcanization process. While each of the latex foams has its own importance, there are some things that differentiate .... ...

Calotropis procera - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaCalotropis procera - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Apple of Sodom (Calotropis procera) is a species of plant. It is also known as Roostertree. It belongs in the subfamily ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Calotropis_procera&oldid=5271520" ...
more infohttps://simple.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calotropis_procera

Calotropis - WikipediaCalotropis - Wikipedia

Calotropis procera Calotropis procera fruit Calotropis procera Calotropis procera Calotropis procera Calotropis gigantea ... USDA classification for Calotropis Calotropis procera PIER - Calotropis giantea. ... Calotropis gigantea Floral tassels made from Calotropis flowers. "Calotropis R. Br". Germplasm Resources Information Network. ... Calotropis gigantea and C. procera are the two most common species in the genus. Calotropis gigantea grows to a height of 8 to ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calotropis

Calotropis gigantea - WikipediaCalotropis gigantea - Wikipedia

Play media Calotropis gigantea (crown flower) is a species of Calotropis native to Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, the ... In Calotropis, gynostegium is present (formed by the fusion of stigma and androecium). The pollen are in a structure named ... The latex of Calotropis gigantea contains cardiac glycosides, fatty acids, and calcium oxalate. This plant plays host to a ... Calotropis is an example of entomophily pollination (pollination by insects) and pollination is achieved with the help of bees ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calotropis_gigantea

Calotropis giganteaCalotropis gigantea

... R.Br. Asclepiadaceae, commonly known as milkweed or swallow-wort, is a common wasteland weed (Singh et al. ... Other familiar plants of Calotropis are Milk weed or Silk weed (Asclepias syriaca L.), Butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa L.) ... Calotropis is used as a traditional medicinal plant (Rastogi and Mehrotra 1991; Oudhia and Dixit 1994; Oudhia 1999a,b,c,d) with ... 1996). Calotropis belongs to Asclepiadaceae or Milkweed or Ak family which includes 280 genera and 2,000 species of world-wide ...
more infohttps://hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/CropFactSheets/calotropis.html

SYNERGISTIC EFFECT OF CALOTROPIS PLANT IN CONTROLLING CORROSION OF MILD STEEL IN BASIC SOLUTIONSYNERGISTIC EFFECT OF CALOTROPIS PLANT IN CONTROLLING CORROSION OF MILD STEEL IN BASIC SOLUTION

Calotropis is used as a traditional medicinal plant with unique properties. Calotropis is used alone or with other medicinalis ... The alcoholic extracts of leaves, latex and fruit from the Calotropis procera and Calotropis gigantea are tested for corrosion ... It has been observed that the fruit extract of Calotropis procera and Calotropis gigantea has maximum inhibition efficieney ... Calotropis procera show minimum 31.77% and maximum 78.95% whereas latex shows minimum 33.41% and maximum 80.18% but fruit shows ...
more infohttp://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0717-97072009000100020&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=en

Ethnopharmacology of Calotropis procera flowers. - Semantic ScholarEthnopharmacology of Calotropis procera flowers. - Semantic Scholar

An ethanolic extract of the flowers of Calotropis procera was investigated for anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, analgesic and ... Calotropis procera Root Extract Has the Capability to Combat Free Radical Mediated Damage. *Shashank Kumar, Ashutosh Gupta, ... Pharmacological studies on aerial parts of Calotropis procera.. *J S Mossa, M Tariq, +4 authors S Rafatullah ... Detection of a Usp-like gene in Calotropis procera plant from the de novo assembled genome contigs of the high-throughput ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Ethnopharmacology-of-Calotropis-procera-flowers.-Mascolo-Sharma/4d08feac1ab72226dc20164dd01cd45474e51c5a

Evaluation of Antiulcer and Cytotoxic Potential of the Leaf, Flower, and Fruit Extracts of Calotropis procera and Isolation of...Evaluation of Antiulcer and Cytotoxic Potential of the Leaf, Flower, and Fruit Extracts of Calotropis procera and Isolation of...

Evaluation of Antiulcer and Cytotoxic Potential of the Leaf, Flower, and Fruit Extracts of Calotropis procera and Isolation of ... and Fruit Extracts of Calotropis procera and Isolation of a New Lignan Glycoside," Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2017/8086791/cta/

Ocular toxicity by latex of Calotropis procera (Sodom apple) - Semantic ScholarOcular toxicity by latex of Calotropis procera (Sodom apple) - Semantic Scholar

The latex of Calotropis procera causes significant ocular morbidity which may be preventable by simple health education. The ... We report the spectrum of ocular toxicity following accidental inoculation of latex of Calotropis procera (Sodom apple) in 29 ... Calotropis procera Root Extract Has the Capability to Combat Free Radical Mediated Damage. *Shashank Kumar, Ashutosh Gupta, ... Evaluation of the toxicopathological lesions of Calotropis procera using a chick embryonic model. *Hadi Tavakkoli, Amin ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Ocular-toxicity-by-latex-of-Calotropis-procera-Basak-Bhaumik/463cb80aa18fd0f2749d623ef45842e1710c3312

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Calotropis Gigantea and Their Potential Mosquito Larvicidal Property | AbstractGreen Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Calotropis Gigantea and Their Potential Mosquito Larvicidal Property | Abstract

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Calotropis Gigantea and Their Potential Mosquito Larvicidal Property. In recent ... using aqueous leaf extract of Calotropis gigantea to control dengue vector Aedes aegypti, malarial vector Anopheles stephensi. ...
more infohttp://www.alliedacademies.org/abstract/green-synthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-using-calotropis-gigantea-and-their-potential-mosquito-larvicidal-property-3557.html

Calotropis gigantea (PROTA) - PlantUse EnglishCalotropis gigantea (PROTA) - PlantUse English

Calotropis gigantea and Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T.Aiton generally have similar uses. Calotropis gigantea is mainly used in ... Calotropis comprises 3 species. Calotropis gigantea can best be distinguished from Calotropis procera by the length of the ... In Africa Calotropis gigantea is only used on a local scale. Properties. All parts of Calotropis gigantea are toxic, due to the ... In the past both Calotropis gigantea (Madar fibre) and Calotropis procera (French cotton or Akund) were cultivated and used as ...
more infohttps://uses.plantnet-project.org/en/Calotropis_gigantea_

Calotropis gigantea (L) Root: Pharmacognostic EvaluationCalotropis gigantea (L) Root: Pharmacognostic Evaluation

International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Research (IJPPR) will give best paper award every year in the form of money along with certificate to support research activity of scholar ...
more infohttp://ijppr.humanjournals.com/calotropis-gigantea-l-root-pharmacognostic-evaluation/

The Calotropis Gigantea Methanolic Extract Induces Apoptosis in Human Breast Carcinoma CellsThe Calotropis Gigantea Methanolic Extract Induces Apoptosis in Human Breast Carcinoma Cells

The present study was designed to examine the effect of Calotropis gigantea methanolic extract (CGME) on the growth and ... Calotropis gigantea (family: Asclepiadaceae) has been known to contain cardiac glycosides. The C. gigantea extracts have been ... "The Calotropis Gigantea Methanolic Extract Induces Apoptosis in Human Breast Carcinoma Cells". Iranian Journal of Medical ... Background: Calotropis gigantea (family: Asclepiadaceae) has been known to contain cardiac glycosides. The C. gigantea extracts ...
more infohttp://ijms.sums.ac.ir/article_44966_0.html

Alternative control of early blight of tomato using plant extracts from  Acacia nilotica ,  Achillea fragrantissima  and ...Alternative control of early blight of tomato using plant extracts from Acacia nilotica , Achillea fragrantissima and ...

and Calotropis procera (Aiton) W. T. Aiton) was examined against Alternaria solani, the causal agent of the early blight of ... Alternative control of early blight of tomato using plant extracts from Acacia nilotica, Achillea fragrantissima and Calotropis ...
more infohttp://www.fupress.net/index.php/pm/article/view/17161

BUTTERFLIES OF BANGLADESH: Calotropis giganteaBUTTERFLIES OF BANGLADESH: Calotropis gigantea

Calotropis gigantea- Crown flower Family- Apocynaceae. Larval host plant of Danaus chrysippus. Fruits(inset) and flowers. ...
more infohttps://butterfliesofbangladesh.blogspot.com/2016/07/calotropis-gigantea.html

Aak (Calotropis Gigantea) an Ayurvedic PlantAak (Calotropis Gigantea) an Ayurvedic Plant

Vikram Chauhan 0 Comments Aak (Calotropis Gigantea) an Ayurvedic Plant, Calotropis Gigantea planet ayurveda, आक एक आयुर्वेदिक ... Aak (Calotropis Gigantea) an Ayurvedic Plant (आक एक आयुर्वेदिक पौधा) August 8, 2019. August 8, 2019. Dr. ...
more infohttps://www.planetayurveda.net/tag/aak-calotropis-gigantea-an-ayurvedic-plant/

Aak Plant | Aak Flower | CalotropisAak Plant | Aak Flower | Calotropis

Aak Plant: Aak (Hindi) Plant / Flower / Aak Fruit (Dodi) or Calotropis plant (English) is found in Rajasthan or Western Part of ... Home » Geography GK , GK by Pictures , Rajasthan GK » Aak Plant , Aak Flower , Calotropis ...
more infohttp://www.rajasthangk.net/2013/05/aak-plant-aak-flower-calotropis.html

Purification and Partial Characterization of Protease from Biduri (Calotropis gigantea) Latex Vol 18, No 1, 2007Purification and Partial Characterization of Protease from Biduri (Calotropis gigantea) Latex Vol 18, No 1, 2007

... ... The main objectives of this research we to purify protease from biduri (Calotropis gigantean) latex and its partial ...
more infohttps://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/45791

Buy calotropis gigantea - plant online at Nursery Live | Best plants at lowest priceBuy calotropis gigantea - plant online at Nursery Live | Best plants at lowest price

Get a Free plastic pot with calotropis gigantea - plant , All India Deli ... Buy calotropis gigantea - plant now from Indias largest online plant nursery at best price. ... Calotropis gigantea is a species of Calotropis native to Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India ... Typical uses of Calotropis gigantea Special features: Where winter hardy, grow as a hedge or train as a small tree. Where not ...
more infohttps://nurserylive.com/buy-medicinal-plants-online-in-india/calotropis-gigantea-plants-in-india

Buy calotropis gigantea - plant online at Nursery Live | Best plants at lowest priceBuy calotropis gigantea - plant online at Nursery Live | Best plants at lowest price

Get a Free plastic pot with calotropis gigantea - plant , All India Deli ... Buy calotropis gigantea - plant now from Indias largest online plant nursery at best price. ... Calotropis gigantea is a species of Calotropis native to Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India ... Typical uses of Calotropis gigantea Special features: Where winter hardy, grow as a hedge or train as a small tree. Where not ...
more infohttps://nurserylive.com/buy-all-nakshtra-plants-online-in-india/calotropis-gigantea-plants-in-india

Screening 
of 
Antioxidant 
Activity 
of 
Alcoholic 
Root 
Extract 
of 
Calotropis 
Gigantea 
R. 
Br.Screening of Antioxidant Activity of Alcoholic Root Extract of Calotropis Gigantea R. Br.

Abstract: Calotropis gigantea has been successfully used in Indian system of medicine for the treatment of various ailments. ... Screening of Antioxidant Activity of Alcoholic Root Extract of Calotropis Gigantea R. Br.. ...
more infohttp://www.kppub.com/articles/jan2011/screening_of_antioxidant.html

20 Chemical Analysis of Leaves of Weed Calotropis Procera (Ait.) and its - Tài liệu text20 Chemical Analysis of Leaves of Weed Calotropis Procera (Ait.) and its - Tài liệu text

ethanolic leaf extract of Calotropis procera. Peak report TIC. Peak. #. R.. Time. Area. Area%. Name. 1. 10.743. 274843. 7.97. 1 ... The GC-MS analysis of the samples of Calotropis procera was performed using a Shimadzu Mass. Spectrometer-2010 series system ( ... 20╇ Chemical Analysis of Leaves of Weed Calotropis Procera (Ait.) and its Antifungal Potential. Table 2: Components of the ... 20 Chemical Analysis of Leaves of Weed Calotropis Procera (Ait.) and its Antifungal Potential. ...
more infohttps://toc.123doc.org/document/2650687-20-chemical-analysis-of-leaves-of-weed-calotropis-procera-ait-and-its-antifungal-potential.htm

Pengaruh ekstrak etanol daun calotropis gigantea terhadap perlekatan streptococcus mutans pada basis akrilik (Laporan...Pengaruh ekstrak etanol daun calotropis gigantea terhadap perlekatan streptococcus mutans pada basis akrilik (Laporan...

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of ethanol extract of Calotropis gigantea leaves against the adhesion of ... Results of analysis of LC-MS / MS of Calotropis gigantea extract showed the presence of isorhamnetin glycosides, saponins, ... Conclusion: there was the effect of the ethanol extract of Calotropis gigantea leaves against the adhesion of Streptococcus ... Hasil analisa LC-MS/MS dari ekstrak Calotropis gigantea menunjukkan adanya isoramnetin glikosida, saponin, asam amino, kolin, ...
more infohttp://www.repository.trisakti.ac.id/webopac_usaktiana/index.php/home/detail/detail_koleksi/9/SKR/penerbit/00000000000000087728/9

Analgesic and Antidiarrheal Properties of the Latex of Calotropis Procera
							| International Journal of Pharmaceutical &...Analgesic and Antidiarrheal Properties of the Latex of Calotropis Procera | International Journal of Pharmaceutical &...

Calotropis procera (Ait.) R. Br. (Asclepiadaceae) is a Bangladeshi medicinal plant used traditionally to treat a various ... Analgesic and Antidiarrheal Properties of the Latex of Calotropis Procera * Amitav Das ... This evidence clearly indicates that the ethanol extracts of Calotropis Procera possess strong analgesic potential coupled with ...
more infohttp://ijpba.info/ijpba/index.php/ijpba/article/view/182

Photo 1165-13: Aphids on flower buds of Sodom Apple (Calotropis...Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, QatarPhoto 1165-13: Aphids on flower buds of Sodom Apple (Calotropis...Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar

Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 5, 2013) ... Home Page , Picture Archives , Year 2013 , Album 1165 , Photo 13 Flora of Qatar , Calotropis procera ... Aphids on flower buds of Sodom Apple (Calotropis procera) in Dar Al Salam Compound, Abu Hamour area. Doha, Qatar, March 5, 2013 ...
more infohttp://sergeev.us/pictures/archives/compress/2013/1165/13.htm

Analgesic and anthelmintic activity of a protease extracted from the latex of the plant Calotropis gigantea Linn| AbstractAnalgesic and anthelmintic activity of a protease extracted from the latex of the plant Calotropis gigantea Linn| Abstract

... and anthelmintic activities of the new protease fraction Calotropain-G extracted from the latex of the plant Calotropis ... Analgesic and anthelmintic activity of a protease extracted from the latex of the plant Calotropis gigantea Linn. Author(s): ... and anthelmintic activities of the new protease fraction Calotropain-G extracted from the latex of the plant Calotropis ...
more infohttps://www.tsijournals.com/abstract/analgesic-and-anthelmintic-activity-of-a-protease-extracted-from-the-latex-of-the-plant-calotropis-gigantea-linn-4588.html
  • 1996). Calotropis belongs to Asclepiadaceae or Milkweed or Ak family which includes 280 genera and 2,000 species of world-wide distribution but most abundant in the sub-tropics and tropics, and rare in cold countries. (purdue.edu)
  • The main objectives of this research we to purify protease from biduri (Calotropis gigantean) latex and its partial characterization in relation with this application in the food processing. (ipb.ac.id)
  • Calotropis yields a durable fiber (commercially known as Bowstring of India) useful for ropes, carpets, fishing nets, and sewing thread. (purdue.edu)
  • The clinical course of this condition suggests that Calotropis is paradoxically relatively nontoxic to corneal epithelium and highly toxic to corneal endothelium. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fermented mixture of Calotropis and salt is used to remove the hair from goat skins for production of "nari leather" and of sheep skins to make leather which is much used for inexpensive book-binding (Singh et. (purdue.edu)
  • 1996). Fungicidal and insecticidal properties of Calotropis have been reported (Ganapathy and Narayanasamy 1993). (purdue.edu)
  • Calotropis is used alone or with other medicinalis to treat common disease. (scielo.cl)
  • In Calotropis, gynostegium is present (formed by the fusion of stigma and androecium). (wikipedia.org)