A milky, product excreted from the latex canals of a variety of plant species that contain cauotchouc. Latex is composed of 25-35% caoutchouc, 60-75% water, 2% protein, 2% resin, 1.5% sugar & 1% ash. RUBBER is made by the removal of water from latex.(From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed). Hevein proteins are responsible for LATEX HYPERSENSITIVITY. Latexes are used as inert vehicles to carry antibodies or antigens in LATEX FIXATION TESTS.
A plant genus of the family ASCLEPIADACEAE. The downy akund floss fiber from the seeds is used like kapok.
The dogbane family of the order Gentianales. Members of the family have milky, often poisonous juice, smooth-margined leaves, and flowers in clusters. Asclepiadacea (formerly the milkweed family) has been included since 1999 and before 1810.
A carbamate insecticide with anticholinesterase activity.
Hair-like extensions on specialized epidermal surfaces of plants which protect against damage from insects, animals, light degradation and fungal infection. Trichomes may also occur on certain unicellular EUKARYOTES.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The geographical area of Asia comprising BORNEO; BRUNEI; CAMBODIA; INDONESIA; LAOS; MALAYSIA; the MEKONG VALLEY; MYANMAR (formerly Burma), the PHILIPPINES; SINGAPORE; THAILAND; and VIETNAM.

Histamine mediates the pro-inflammatory effect of latex of Calotropis procera in rats. (1/28)

INTRODUCTION: Calotropis procera is known to produce contact dermatitis and the latex of this plant produces intense inflammation when injected locally. However, the precise mode of its pro-inflammatory effect is not known. In present study we have pharmacologically characterized the inflammation induced by latex of C. procera in a rat paw edema model and determined the role of histamine in latex-induced inflammation. METHODS: Inflammation was induced in the hind paw of rats by injecting different doses of dried latex (DL) of C. procera. The inhibitory effect of phenylbutazone, dexamethasone, celecoxib, cyproheptadine, chlorpheniramine and compound 48/80 on edema volume was evaluated and compared with that against carrageenan. The histamine content of DL was measured fluorometrically. RESULTS: DL produced dose-dependent inflammation of the rat paw. Cyproheptadine and chlorpheniramine effectively inhibited DL-induced inflammation (90%; p < 0.01), while anti-inflammatory drugs phenylbutazone, dexamethasone and celecoxib were more effective against carrageenan-induced inflammation. Depletion of mast cell histamine by compound 48/80 produced a significant decrease in DL-induced inflammation as compared with carrageenan (500% versus 25%). DL was also found to contain about 6 microg/g of histamine. CONCLUSIONS: Thus, our study shows that the biogenic amines play a significant role in C. procera latex-induced inflammation and antihistaminic drugs could be effectively used to inhibit inflammatory response elicited by exposure to latex.  (+info)

Studies on anti-diarrhoeal activity of Calotropis gigantea R.Br. in experimental animals. (2/28)

PURPOSE: Calotropis gigantea R. Br. (Asclepiadaceae) a wildly growing plant has been reported to possess number of medicinal properties and other purposes. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate scientifically the anti-diarrheal effects of C. gigantea used traditionally in Indian system of medicine using castor oil-induced diarrhoea model. METHODS: The anti-diarrheal effect of hydroalcoholic (50:50) extract of aerial part of Calotropis gigantea was studied against castor oil-induced-diarrhea model in rats. The gastrointestinal transit rate was expressed as the percentage of the longest distance traversed by the charcoal divided by the total length of the small intestine. The weight and volume of intestinal content induced by castor oil were studied by enteropooling method. RESULTS: Like atropine (3 mg/kg, i.p.) there were significant reductions in fecal out put and frequency of droppings when the plant extracts of 200 and 400 mg/kg doses were administered intraperitoneally compared with castor oil treated rats. All doses of the plant extracts also significantly retarded the castor-oil induced enteropooling and intestinal transit. The dose 100 (P<0.01), 200 and 400 mg/kg significantly inhibited (P<0.001) weight and volume of intestinal content. CONCLUSIONS: The remarkable anti-diarrheal effect of C.gigantea extract against castor oil-induced diarrhea model attests to its utility in a wide range of diarrheal states  (+info)

Involvement of prostaglandins in inflammation induced by latex of Calotropis procera. (3/28)

INTRODUCTION: The aerial parts of the plant Calotropis procera produce milky white latex that causes inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes. Prostaglandins are one of the mediators released in an inflammatory response following induction of cyclooxygenase (COX). In the present study, we have evaluated the role of prostaglandins in inflammatory response elicited by the latex of C. procera. METHODS: Aqueous extract of dried latex of C. procera was injected into the 6-day air-pouch in the rat. The inflammatory response was evaluated by studying the air-pouch fluid for its volume, protein and prostaglandin (PG) E2 concentrations, and leucocyte counts. The granulation tissue from the pouch was quantified and studied for COX-2 expression by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. The inhibitory effect of celecoxib and dexamethasone was evaluated on the aforementioned parameters. RESULTS: Dried latex produced an inflammatory response that was maximum at 6 h. It was associated with the accumulation of protein-rich fluid, leucocytes and PGE2 production. It also resulted in granulation of the pouch cavity that was a maximum on day 3. COX-2 expression could be detected in the granulation tissue on day 1 and it increased progressively up to day 5. The anti-inflammatory drugs celecoxib and dexamethasone significantly attenuated the inflammatory response and inhibited COX-2 expression in granulation tissue. CONCLUSIONS: Latex of C. procera induces an inflammatory response characterized by an early exudative phase accompanied by PGE2 production and a late proliferative phase associated with COX-2 induction. Both the phases were effectively inhibited by COX-2 inhibitors.  (+info)

Calotropis procera latex-induced inflammatory hyperalgesia--effect of antiinflammatory drugs. (4/28)

The milky white latex of plant Calotropis procera produces inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes on accidental exposure. It produces edema on local administration due to the release of histamine and prostaglandins and is associated with hyperalgesia. In the present study we have evaluated the antiedematous and analgesic activity of antiinflammatory drugs against inflammatory response induced by dried latex (DL) of C procera in rat paw edema model. An aqueous extract of DL of C procera was injected into the subplantar surface of the rat paw and the paw volume was measured by a plethysmometer at 0, 1, 2, 6, 12, and 24 hours. Concomitantly the hyperalgesic response was also evaluated by motility test, stair climbing ability test, dorsal flexion pain test, compression test, and observing the grooming behavior. The inhibitory effect of diclofenac and rofecoxib on edema formation and hyperalgesic response was compared with cyproheptadine (CPH). DL-induced edema formation was maximum at 2 hours that was associated with decreased pain threshold, functional impairment, and grooming. Treatment with antiinflammatory drugs and CPH significantly attenuated the edematous response and grooming, increased the pain threshold, and improved functional parameters. Both antiinflammatory and antiserotonergic drugs significantly inhibited the hyperalgesia associated with DL-induced paw edema. Rofecoxib was found to be superior than diclofenac and was as effective as CPH in ameliorating the hyperalgesia. However, it was found to be less effective than CPH in attenuating edema formation.  (+info)

Antiinflammatory efficacy of extracts of latex of Calotropis procera against different mediators of inflammation. (5/28)

The latex of the plant Calotropis procera has been reported to exhibit potent antiinflammatory activity against carrageenin and formalin that are known to release various mediators. In the present study, we have evaluated the efficacy of extracts prepared from the latex of C procera against inflammation induced by histamine, serotonin, compound 48/80, bradykinin (BK), and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the rat paw oedema model. The paw oedema was induced by the subplantar injection of various inflammagens and oedema volume was recorded using a plethysmometer. The aqueous and methanol extracts of the dried latex (DL) and standard antiinflammatory drugs were administered orally 1 hour before inducing inflammation. The inhibitory effect of the extracts was also evaluated against cellular influx induced by carrageenin. The antiinflammatory effect of aqueous and methanolic extracts of DL was more pronounced than phenylbutazone (PBZ) against carrageenin while it was comparable to chlorpheniramine and PBZ against histamine and PGE2, respectively. Both extracts produced about 80%, 40%, and 30% inhibition of inflammation induced by BK, compound 48/80, and serotonin. The histological analysis revealed that the extracts were more potent than PBZ in inhibiting cellular infiltration and subcutaneous oedema induced by carrageenin. The extracts of DL exert their antiinflammatory effects mainly by inhibiting histamine and BK and partly by inhibiting PGE2.  (+info)

Inhibition of Calotropis procera latex-induced inflammatory hyperalgesia by oxytocin and melatonin. (6/28)

The latex of the wild growing plant Calotropis procera produces inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes upon accidental exposure. On local administration it elicits an intense inflammatory response due to the release of histamine and prostaglandins that is associated with hyperalgesia. In the present study we have evaluated the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activity of oxytocin and melatonin against rat paw edema induced by dried latex (DL) of C procera and compared it with that against carrageenan-induced paw edema. Aqueous extract of DL of C procera or carrageenan (1%) was injected into the subplantar surface of the rat paw and the paw volume was measured at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 10, and 24 hours. The associated hyperalgesic response and functional impairment were also evaluated concomitantly by dorsal flexion pain test, motility test, and stair climbing ability test. The inhibitory effect of oxytocin and melatonin on edema formation and hyperalgesic response was compared with dexamethasone. DL-induced edema formation was maximum at 2 hours and was associated with decreased pain threshold and functional impairment. Treatment with melatonin significantly attenuated the edematous response while both oxytocin and melatonin increased the pain threshold and improved functional parameters. Both oxytocin and melatonin significantly inhibited the hyperalgesia associated with DL-induced paw edema. Oxytocin was found to be as effective as melatonin in ameliorating the hyperalgesic response. However, it was found to be less effective than melatonin in attenuating edema formation.  (+info)

Anticancer and cytotoxic properties of the latex of Calotropis procera in a transgenic mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma. (7/28)

AIM: To evaluate the anticancer property of the dried latex (DL) of Calotropis procera, a tropical medicinal plant, in the X15-myc transgenic mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma and to elucidate its mechanism of action in cell culture. METHODS: The young transgenic mice were orally fed with the aqueous suspension of DL (400 mg/kg for 5 d/wk) for 15 wk and their liver was examined for histopathological changes at 20 wk. Serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were also measured in these animals. To characterize the active fraction, DL was extracted with petroleum ether followed by methanol. The methanolic extract was sub-fractionated on a silica gel G column using a combination of non-polar and polar solvents and eleven fractions were obtained. Each fraction was analysed for cytotoxic effect on hepatoma (Huh7) and non-hepatoma (COS-1) cell lines and non-transformed hepatocytes (AML12) using tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Finally, the mechanism of cell death was investigated by measuring the levels of Bcl2, caspase 3 and DNA fragmentation. RESULTS: DL treatment of mice showed a complete protection against hepatocarcinogenesis. No adverse effect was observed in these animals. The serum VEGF level was significantly lowered in the treated mice as compared to control animals. Cell culture studies revealed that the methanolic extract of DL as well as its fraction 8 induced extensive cell death in both Huh-7 and COS-1 cells while AML12 cells were spared. This was accompanied by extensive fragmentation of DNA in Huh-7 and COS-1 cells. No change in the levels of canonical markers of apoptosis such as Bcl2 and caspase 3 was observed. CONCLUSION: DL of C. procera has the potential for anti-cancer therapy due to its differentiable targets and non-interference with regular pathway of apoptosis.  (+info)

Latex constituents from Calotropis procera (R. Br.) display toxicity upon egg hatching and larvae of Aedes aegypti (Linn.). (8/28)

Calotropis procera R. Br. (Asclepiadaceae) is a well-known medicinal plant with leaves, roots, and bark being exploited by popular medicine to fight many human and animal diseases. This work deals with the fractionation of the crude latex produced by the green parts of the plant and aims to evaluate its toxic effects upon egg hatching and larval development of Aedes aegypti. The whole latex was shown to cause 100% mortality of 3rd instars within 5 min. It was fractionated into water-soluble dialyzable (DF) and non-dialyzable (NDF) rubber-free materials. Both fractions were partially effective to prevent egg hatching and most of individuals growing under experimental conditions died before reaching 2nd instars or stayed in 1st instars. Besides, the fractions were very toxic to 3rd instars causing 100% mortality within 24 h. When both fractions were submitted to heat-treatment the toxic effects were diminished considerably suggesting low thermostability of the toxic compounds. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis of both fractions and their newly fractionated peaks obtained through ion exchange chromatography or desalting attested the presence of proteins in both materials. When submitted to protease digestion prior to larvicidal assays NDF lost most of its toxicity but DF was still strongly active. It may be possible that the highly toxic effects of the whole latex from C. procera upon egg hatching and larvae development should be at least in part due to its protein content found in NDE However the toxicity seems also to involve non protein molecules present in DF.  (+info)

In a medical context, "latex" refers to the natural rubber milk-like substance that is tapped from the incisions made in the bark of the rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis). This sap is then processed to create various products such as gloves, catheters, and balloons. It's important to note that some people may have a latex allergy, which can cause mild to severe reactions when they come into contact with latex products.

'Calotropis' is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apocynaceae, also known as milkweeds or crownflowers. There are two main species within this genus: Calotropis procera and Calotropis gigantea. These plants are native to tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, and Australia. They have large, showy flowers and produce a milky sap that contains latex. Some parts of these plants, such as the roots and leaves, have been used in traditional medicine for various purposes, including treating skin conditions, inflammation, and pain. However, it is important to note that all parts of Calotropis plants contain toxic compounds and can cause serious side effects if ingested or applied improperly. Therefore, they should only be used under the guidance of a qualified healthcare professional.

Apocynaceae is a family of flowering plants that includes shrubs, trees, and vines. It's also known as the dogbane or milkweed family. The plants in this family have milky sap and contain toxic compounds, which can be harmful or even fatal to animals and humans if ingested. Some well-known members of Apocynaceae include the various species of milkweeds (Asclepias spp.), oleander (Nerium oleander), and periwinkle (Vinca spp.).

The family is characterized by having opposite leaves, flowers with five petals and five sepals, and a superior ovary. The fruits are usually paired follicles that contain numerous seeds with tufts of hair to aid in wind dispersal. Many species in this family have medicinal or toxic properties, and some have economic importance as ornamental plants, sources of fiber, or for their use in traditional medicine.

Methomyl is a carbamate insecticide that acts as a reversible inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase, an enzyme that breaks down the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in nerve synapses. This results in an accumulation of acetylcholine, leading to overstimulation of cholinergic receptors and disruption of normal nervous system function. Methomyl is used to control a wide range of pests in various crops, but its use is restricted due to its high toxicity to non-target organisms, including humans. It can be absorbed through the skin, respiratory tract, or gastrointestinal tract and can cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, muscle twitching, weakness, and difficulty breathing in cases of acute exposure. Chronic exposure to methomyl has been linked to neurological effects, including memory loss and decreased cognitive function.

Trichomes are specialized structures found on the epidermis of plants, including cannabis. They appear as tiny hair-like growths and are responsible for producing and storing various compounds such as cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. These compounds contribute to the plant's medicinal properties and the "entourage effect" that enhances the therapeutic benefits of cannabis. Trichomes also play a role in protecting the plant from environmental stressors like UV radiation, pests, and pathogens.

A plant extract is a preparation containing chemical constituents that have been extracted from a plant using a solvent. The resulting extract may contain a single compound or a mixture of several compounds, depending on the extraction process and the specific plant material used. These extracts are often used in various industries including pharmaceuticals, nutraceuticals, cosmetics, and food and beverage, due to their potential therapeutic or beneficial properties. The composition of plant extracts can vary widely, and it is important to ensure their quality, safety, and efficacy before use in any application.

Phytotherapy is the use of extracts of natural origin, especially plants or plant parts, for therapeutic purposes. It is also known as herbal medicine and is a traditional practice in many cultures. The active compounds in these plant extracts are believed to have various medicinal properties, such as anti-inflammatory, analgesic, or sedative effects. Practitioners of phytotherapy may use the whole plant, dried parts, or concentrated extracts to prepare teas, capsules, tinctures, or ointments for therapeutic use. It is important to note that the effectiveness and safety of phytotherapy are not always supported by scientific evidence, and it should be used with caution and preferably under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

An encyclopedia is a comprehensive reference work containing articles on various topics, usually arranged in alphabetical order. In the context of medicine, a medical encyclopedia is a collection of articles that provide information about a wide range of medical topics, including diseases and conditions, treatments, tests, procedures, and anatomy and physiology. Medical encyclopedias may be published in print or electronic formats and are often used as a starting point for researching medical topics. They can provide reliable and accurate information on medical subjects, making them useful resources for healthcare professionals, students, and patients alike. Some well-known examples of medical encyclopedias include the Merck Manual and the Stedman's Medical Dictionary.

Southeast Asia is a geographical region that consists of the countries that are located at the southeastern part of the Asian continent. The definition of which countries comprise Southeast Asia may vary, but it generally includes the following 11 countries:

* Brunei
* Cambodia
* East Timor (Timor-Leste)
* Indonesia
* Laos
* Malaysia
* Myanmar (Burma)
* Philippines
* Singapore
* Thailand
* Vietnam

Southeast Asia is known for its rich cultural diversity, with influences from Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. The region is also home to a diverse range of ecosystems, including rainforests, coral reefs, and mountain ranges. In recent years, Southeast Asia has experienced significant economic growth and development, but the region still faces challenges related to poverty, political instability, and environmental degradation.

... procera Calotropis procera branch with flowers Calotropis procera fruit Calotropis procera Calotropis procera ... Calotropis, a genus of plants that includes species such as Calotropis gigantea and Calotropis procera, has been traditionally ... USDA classification for Calotropis Calotropis procera PIER - Calotropis giantea (Articles with short description, Short ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Calotropis. Wikispecies has information related to Calotropis. "Calotropis R. Br". ...
This family includes Calotropis gigantea and the more potent Calotropis procera. The latex of these plants has been used in ... Calotropis gigantea, the crown flower, is a species of Calotropis native to Cambodia, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Calotropis gigantea. Wikispecies has information related to Calotropis gigantea. PIER - ... Calotropis procera Ait) (PDF) (Thesis). Dressler, S.; Schmidt, M. & Zizka, G. (2014). "Calotropis gigantea". African plants - a ...
Wikispecies has information related to Calotropis procera. Harvey Brown, Y (2022). "Calotropis procera". IUCN Red List of ... Caution: some websites seem to confuse Calotropis procera with Calotropis gigantea! "Apples of Sodom" . The American Cyclopædia ... Calotropis procera Ait) (PDF) (Thesis). Calotropis procera in West African plants - A Photo Guide. (CS1 maint: multiple names: ... Calotropis procera is a species of flowering plant in the family Apocynaceae that is native to North Africa, Pakistan, tropical ...
"Calotropis procera". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of ... in particular the poisonous milkweed Calotropis procera. This poisonous plant bearing tomato-like fruit is native to many ...
Calotropis R.Br. Calyptranthera Klack. Cameraria L. Campestigma Pierre ex Costantin Camptocarpus Decne. Caralluma R.Br. Carissa ...
Calciphila Liede Calotropis R.Br. Cordylogyne E.Mey. Cynanchum L. Diplolepis R.Br. Ditassa R.Br. Fanninia Harv. Fischeria DC. ...
Calotropis procera (Aiton) R.Br. Calyptrochilum christyanum (Rchb.f.) Summerh. Calyptrochilum emarginatum (Sw.) Schltr. ...
It feeds on Calotropis gigantea. BioLib.cz - Acalolepta nivosa. Retrieved on 8 September 2014. v t e (Articles with short ...
The Barkly Tableland and other areas of northern Australia are prone to infestations of Calotropis procera, which is slowly ... "Rubber Bush (Calotropis procera) Project" (PDF). Katherine Rural Review. Northern Territory Government. 9 February 2012. ...
The common name aak grasshopper or ak grasshopper is based on the local name of the main food plants, Calotropis gigantea and C ... Wang, Z. N.; Wang, M. Y.; Mei, W. L.; Han, Z.; Dai, H. F. (2008). "A New Cytotoxic Pregnanone from Calotropis gigantea". ... When nymphs mainly feed on other plants than Calotropis milkweeds, their development is not as fast, but the first couple of ... Both adults and nymphs of P. pictus feed extensively on poisonous Calotropis milkweeds, notably C. gigantea and C. procera, ...
Calotropis species: an etaerio of follicles fruit; Annona species: an etaerio of berries. Some other broadly recognized species ...
Demonstrated in vitro laticifer differentiation in Calotropis gigantea. Developed transgenic cultivars resistant to bacterial ...
It contains the toxic glycosides uscharin, calotropis and calotoxin. Uscharin is an effective pesticide for land snails. Skin ... There are also a wide range of shrubs, including spalmai (Pashto) (Calotropis gigantea), buska (Pashto) (Lepidium draba), ... Calotropis procera), grows prolifically in Shinghar. It is deadly poison if eaten, as Alexander the Great discovered when his ...
It does not seem to feed on Calotropis sp. which its close cousin P. aglea feeds on. "Upperside fuliginous black with bluish- ...
Other plants may include Citrullus colocynthis and Calotropis procera. Prehistoric settlement is evident from extant rock ...
The recorded host plants are: Asclepias Calotropis Crotalaria spp. Epibaterium spp. Glycine max Heterostemma cuspidatum Hoya ...
The larvae have been recorded feeding on Calotropis procera. Cossidae of Israel Insects Associated with Milkweed Calotropis ...
Calotropis gigantea Calotropis procera Digitalis Milkweed "Haz-Map Category Details". hazmap.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2018-04-25 ... and can be obtained or isolated from plant extracts of Calotropis gigantea and Calotropis procera. Asclepiadoideae plants are ... Ingestion is not always lethal, and plants in the genus Calotropis have long been used as a folk remedy in India. Calotropin is ... They have similar activity and are often found together in plants of the genus Calotropis. It is thought that the biosynthesis ...
Figs including Ficus sycamorus and the milkweed Calotropis procera are found. Tilapia and Clarias are found in the Kerio and ...
It was first isolated from a flower of Calotropis gigantea collected in Bangkok. Its type strain is NRIC 0323T (= JCM 10715T = ...
"Structure of asclepin and some observations on the NMR spectra of Calotropis glycosides". Phytochemistry. 11 (2): 757-762. doi: ...
This bug also feeds on A. nivea, Sarcostemma clausa, Calotropis procera, and Nerium oleander. The southern populations often ...
The caterpillar has also been observed on Asclepias nivea, Calotropis procera, and Apocynaceae nerium. Other reported host ...
Randia dumetorum, crotons, and Calotropis gigantea are common in abandoned chena cultivations and scrublands. Plantations of ...
Extracts of garlic and Calotropis procera are known to have termiticidal effects on H. indicola. Subterranean termites live in ... "Toxic Effects of Ak (Calotropis procera) Plant Extracts Against Termites (Heterotermes indicola and Coptotermes heimi) Isoptera ...
In central Asia and surrounding areas they occur on Calotropis, Ziziphus, Salvadora, and Heliotropium species. A nabkha is ...
Its larval host plants are Dunbaria henryi, Lablab purpureus, cowpea, Calotropis gigantea and Ziziphus jujuba. "Species Details ...
... on Calotropis procera in Bushehr-Iran". Munis Entomology & Zoology. 4 (2): 451-456. R. L., Kitching (1999). Biology of ... Aspidoglossum interruptum Calotropis - mudar (recorded on C. gigantea, C. procera) Caralluma burchardii (recorded from Canary ...
Members of its genus feed on the seeds of various milkweed species, related Calotropis spp., and afrotropical Solanum spp. They ...
Both species visit Calotropis procera only for nectar, Retama raetam for both pollen and nectar, and Lucaena only for pollen. ... Those visited for nectar include Calotropis, Bauhinia, Crotalaria, Anisomeles, and Gmelina species and some other plants. In ... and all day in Calotropis species. X. pubescens will adjust foraging behavior accordingly. Most flower visits are short, ...
Calotropis procera Calotropis procera branch with flowers Calotropis procera fruit Calotropis procera Calotropis procera ... Calotropis, a genus of plants that includes species such as Calotropis gigantea and Calotropis procera, has been traditionally ... USDA classification for Calotropis Calotropis procera PIER - Calotropis giantea (Articles with short description, Short ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Calotropis. Wikispecies has information related to Calotropis. "Calotropis R. Br". ...
Homeopathic Calotropis Gigantea indications, uses & symptoms from 12 cross linked materia medicas. Available 4X-30X, 2C-30C ... Filter Calotropis Gigantea symptoms:. Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Calotropis Gigantea ... Have you ever used Calotropis Gigantea? Yes No. ... Calotropis Gigantea Madar Bark, Calotropis, Calo.. Available in ...
Download this Indiana Herbalife Calotropis Procera Spruce Leaf photo now. And search more of iStocks library of royalty-free ... Indiana Herbalife Calotropis procera(Wikipedia Calotropis gigantea ) Spruce leaf. Description. Indiana Herbalife Calotropis ... Download this Indiana Herbalife Calotropis Procera Spruce Leaf photo now. And search more of iStocks library of royalty-free ... iStockIndiana Herbalife Calotropis Procera Spruce Leaf Stock Photo - Download Image Now. ...
Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T. Aiton. Taxonomic Serial No.: 30332 (Download Help) Calotropis procera TSN 30332 ...
Fiber sample, Calotropis gigantea, from Chingleput, Madras, India. 1885. One of a group of fiber samples given by the Royal ... fiber sample, calotropis gigantea date made. ca. 1885 Physical Description. calotropis gigantea (overall material) Measurements ... Fiber sample, Calotropis gigantea, from Chingleput, Madras, India. 1885. One of a group of fiber samples given by the Royal ...
Calotropis gigantea is an evergreen Tree growing to 5 m (16ft) by 6 m (19ft) at a fast rate. See above for USDA hardiness. It ... Sometimes misspelt as: Calotropis giganteus. Physical Characteristics. Calotropis gigantea is an evergreen Tree growing to 5 m ... Calotropis procera. Auricula Tree, Dead Sea Apple, Sodom Apple. Shrub. 4.0. 8-11 M. LMH. SN. DM. 1. 3. 4. ... Crown Flower or Calotropis gigantean. Other Names: Biduri, Indian milkweed, Kapal kapal, Kayu berduri, Kemengu, Lechoso, Pua ...
Calotropis gigantea is a traditional medicinal plant with antimicrobial properties that is often used to treat skin diseases [1 ... C. gigantea: Calotropis gigantea, TiO2-NPs: TiO2 nanocomposites, C: carbon, Na: sodium, Mg: magnesium, Cl: chlorine, K: ... G. Kumar, L. Karthik, K.V.B. Rao, ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF AQUEOUS, EXTRACT OF Calotropis gigantea LEAVES - AN IN VITRO STUDY ... GC-MS Analysis of Phytoactive Compounds and Antibacterial Activity Studies from Calotropis gigantea. J. Pharm. Sci. & Res. 12(6 ...
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Tuka mhane: आम्हां घरी धन शब्दांचीच रत्नें , शब्दांचीच शस्त्रें यत्न करुं ,, शब्द चि आमुच्या जीवांचे जीवन , शब्दें वांटूं धन जनलोकां ,, तुका म्हणे पाहा शब्द चि हा देव , शब्द चि गौरव पूजा करुं ,, Translation (by Dilip Chitre, the renowned Marathi poet): Words are the only Jewels I possess Words are the only Clothes that I wear Words are the only food That sustains my life Words are the only wealth I distribute among people Says Tuka Witness the Word He is God I worship Him With my words My own transcreation: If you open my jewel-box, you will only find words If you raid my castle, only my words will defend me All I need to live upon, is the magic of words All my charity is done through my words Behold The Word: The Word is my ...
Information provided on this website is for educational purposes and does not constitute legal Advice or Medical Advice.. Copyright © 2019-2023 Forensics blog - All Rights Reserved. ...
Return to Article Details Anticancer and antioxidant activity of silver nanoparticles of calotropis gigantea Download Download ...
182471 Calotropis gigantea (L.) Dryand. recognized name (basionym): 96393 Asclepias gigantea L. family: Asclepiadaceae epithet ... Calotropis gigantiea (L.) R. Br. ex Schultes; Periploca cochinchinensis Lour.; Streptocaulon cochinchinense (Lour.) G. Don; ... 2 182471 Calotropis gigantea (L.) Dryand. [80 96393 Asclepias gigantea L.]. S.T. Edwards, Bot. Reg., vol. 1 : t. 58 (1815) [S. ...
182471 Calotropis gigantea (L.) Dryand. recognized name (basionym): 96393 Asclepias gigantea L. drawing: Govindoo family: ... Calotropis gigantiea (L.) R. Br. ex Schultes; Periploca cochinchinensis Lour.; Streptocaulon cochinchinense (Lour.) G. Don; ...
SKU: CALOTROPIS ALBAHTDILUTION 3X,6,12,30,200,1M Category: Dilution 3X,6,12,30,200,1M ...
Calotropis gigantea is a fast-growing, attractive, evergreen flowering shrub or small tree that grows about 5 metres tall, ...
... on Greg, the plant care app.,) ... Plant Care Directory for Calotropis. American Silk Cotton Apple Of Sodom Crown Flower Kings Crown Sodom Apple ...
The Calotropis Gigantea 10M in homeopathic formulation increases the circulation in the skin and has powerful effects as a ... Bakson Calotropis Gigantea 10M in homeopathy is useful in leprosy and elephantiasis. ... Youre reviewing:CALOTROPIS GIGANTEA 10M. Your Rating. Quality. 1 star 2 stars 3 stars 4 stars 5 stars ...
Calotropis 12C - This is an Effective Remedy for Treatment of Skin related problems. , CUREWELL HOMOEO PHARMACY PVT LTD , ... Home / Companion Animals / Calotropis 12C. Companion Animals, Meat Animals, Milch Animals, Others Species. Calotropis 12C. ₹ ... Be the first to review "Calotropis 12C" Cancel reply. Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * ... SKU: H32 Categories: Companion Animals, Meat Animals, Milch Animals, Others Species Tags: Calotropis 12C, Tropical Treatment ...
Sekretářka / secretary Alexandra Hejduková, kontakt / contact: alexandra.hejdukova(at)ff.cuni.cz, +420 221 619 611. ...
Calotropis procera, commonly known as the apple of Sodom or milkweed, is a robust perennial shrub or small tree belonging to ... Calotropis procera , Sodom Apple , 10 Seeds Regular price $8.79 Save Liquid error (snippets/product-template line 124): ... Calotropis procera, commonly known as the apple of Sodom or milkweed, is a robust perennial shrub or small tree belonging to ... Calotropis procera seed germination involves specific steps. Soak the seeds in water for 24 hours to soften their tough outer ...
Aak is known as "Arka" in Sanskrit. When we talk about the medicinal properties of this herb, it is mostly addressed with the name of Arka. Aak is a common Hindi name given to this plant which is familiar to the Indians as a perennial bush growing almost anywhere in the wild.. The tender light green stems of this plant when broken yield milky white exudates which is sticky and the plant is popular amongst the common population merely because of this peculiarity. This milky exudate is mildly poisonous and is considered as one of the plant toxins in Ayurveda. Though toxic, this exudate (latex) can be purified and put to use as a very effective antidote as well as herbal medicine.. The name of this plant is synonymous with Sun for the herb is very strong and astringent in action much like the powerful rays of Sun. It belongs to the Apocynaceae family of flowering plants.. ...
Plants of the World Online: Calotropis procera. Tropicos: Calotropis procera. Wikipedia: Calotropis procera Home. ,. List of ... Flora of Mozambique: Calotropis procera. Flora of Zambia: Calotropis procera. Flora of Zimbabwe: Calotropis procera. Flora of ... iNaturalist: Calotropis procera. IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Calotropis procera. JSTOR Plant Science: Calotropis ... Calotropis. ,. procera. Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T. Aiton. Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and ...
Tags: Calotropisindia indonesia economic relationsindia indonesia trade relationsindonesia india covidindonesia india news ... Calotropis belongs to the Ark or Asclepiadaceae household and is generally unfold throughout within the tropics and sub-tropics ... Calotropis is primarily harvested owing to its distinctive medicinal properties. Its generally known as ark, swallow-wart or ... The internal bark of Calotropis is used to make sturdy fibers referred to as madar and is used to make weave carpets, ropes, ...
Images of Calotropis gigantea (Crown flower) - Plants of Hawaii, by Forest and Kim Starr. ...
A New Cytotoxic Pregnanone from Calotropis gigantea. Zhu-Nian Wang*, Mao-Yuan Wang*, Wen-Li Mei**, Zhuang Han** and Hao-Fu Dai ... Studies on anti-diarrhoeal activity of calotropis gigantea r.br. in experimental animals.. Havagiray R. Chitme. Institute of ... CNS activity of Calotropis gigantea roots Ameeta Argal and Anupam Kumar Pathak. Department of Pharmacy, Barkatullah University ... Cancer-fighting properties of Calotropis gigantea.. The use of calotropin as a contraceptive and as a promising cancer ...
... Images for each species. The purpose of this page is to display all ... Flora of Mozambique: Utilities: All images of Calotropis. https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/utilities/utility-display ...
Calotropis procera plant fibres set for production. Posted byBrett Mathews 24th May 2018. 16th November 2018. ... Tests on Calotropis procera, a wild plant grown in some of the most arid parts of the world, have delivered some highly ... Gard said the Calotropis procera tree species is sparsely distributed in the wild, hence there is not an abundant supply. "This ... Calotropis procera can also be blended with other types of fibre to produce a different fibre with unique attributes. ...
... exotic and unusual category Calotropis gigantea, Crown flower or Giant Milkweed are great addi ... Definitely in the rare, exotic and unusual category Calotropis gigantea, Crown flower or Giant Milkweed are great additions to ...
... calotropis gigantea, read the full book on materiamedica.info ... calotropis gigantea. Materia Medica. Has been used with marked ... calotropis gigantea is available at Remedia Homeopathy. more information and order at Remedia Homeopathy ...
Aak Plant: Aak (Hindi) Plant / Flower / Aak Fruit (Dodi) or Calotropis plant (English) is found in Rajasthan or Western Part of ... Home » Geography GK , GK by Pictures , Rajasthan GK » Aak Plant , Aak Flower , Calotropis ...

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