Calophyllum: A plant genus of the family CLUSIACEAE. Members contain costatolide, calanolides and 4-phenylfuranocoumarins (FUROCOUMARINS).Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Pyranocoumarins: A type of COUMARINS with added pyran ring(s).Hexanes: Six-carbon saturated hydrocarbon group of the methane series. Include isomers and derivatives. Various polyneuropathies are caused by hexane poisoning.Clusiaceae: The mangosteen plant family (sometimes classified as Guttiferae; also known as Hypericaceae) of the order THEALES, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes trees and shrubs with resinous, sticky sap, usually with broad-ended, oblong, leathery leaves with a strong, central vein, flowers with many stamens.Xanthones: A group of XANTHENES that contain a 9-keto OXYGEN.Sapindaceae: The soapberry plant family of the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. Some members contain SAPONINS.Coumarins: Synthetic or naturally occurring substances related to coumarin, the delta-lactone of coumarinic acid.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Copyright: It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)Computer Security: Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.Confidentiality: The privacy of information and its protection against unauthorized disclosure.Privacy: The state of being free from intrusion or disturbance in one's private life or affairs. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Aromatherapy: The use of fragrances and essences from plants to affect or alter a person's mood or behavior and to facilitate physical, mental, and emotional well-being. The chemicals comprising essential oils in plants has a host of therapeutic properties and has been used historically in Africa, Asia, and India. Its greatest application is in the field of alternative medicine. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed; from Dr. Atiba Vheir, Dove Center, Washington, D.C.)Massage: The systematic and methodical manipulations of body tissues best performed with the hands for the purpose of affecting the nervous and muscular systems and the general circulation.Societies, Pharmaceutical: Societies whose membership is limited to pharmacists.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)Investigational New Drug Application: An application that must be submitted to a regulatory agency (the FDA in the United States) before a drug can be studied in humans. This application includes results of previous experiments; how, where, and by whom the new studies will be conducted; the chemical structure of the compound; how it is thought to work in the body; any toxic effects found in animal studies; and how the compound is manufactured. (From the "New Medicines in Development" Series produced by the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association and published irregularly.)Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Alstonia: A plant genus of the family APOCYNACEAE. Members contain echitovenidine, echitamine, venenatine (an indole alkaloid), and anti-inflammatory triterpenoidsTerminalia: A plant genus of the family COMBRETACEAE. Members contain arjunin, an ellagitannin (TANNINS).World War II: Global conflict involving countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, and North America that occurred between 1939 and 1945.Altitude: A vertical distance measured from a known level on the surface of a planet or other celestial body.Pinus ponderosa: A plant species of the genus PINUS that contains isocupressic acid.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Maps as Topic: Representations, normally to scale and on a flat medium, of a selection of material or abstract features on the surface of the earth, the heavens, or celestial bodies.Forestry: The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.Sri LankaConservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Semliki forest virus: A species of ALPHAVIRUS isolated in central, eastern, and southern Africa.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Anti-HIV Agents: Agents used to treat AIDS and/or stop the spread of the HIV infection. These do not include drugs used to treat symptoms or opportunistic infections associated with AIDS.Camphor: A bicyclic monoterpene ketone found widely in plants, especially CINNAMOMUM CAMPHORA. It is used topically as a skin antipruritic and as an anti-infective agent.Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action: Pharmacological activities at the molecular level of DRUGS and other exogenous compounds that are used to treat DISEASES and affect normal BIOCHEMISTRY.Angiotensin Amide: The octapeptide amide of bovine angiotensin II used to increase blood pressure by vasoconstriction.Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.Sesquiterpenes, Eudesmane: SESQUITERPENES cyclized into two adjoining cyclohexane rings but with a different configuration from the ARTEMISININS.Gymnema sylvestre: A plant species of the genus GYMNEMA that contains gymnemic acid (triterpene SAPONINS) which affects blood sugar level, and gurmarin protein. The common name of Gurmar should not be confused with Guar (CYAMOPSIS).Hymenaea: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain resins (RESINS, PLANT) and GLUCANS.Chamaecyparis: A plant genus of the family CUPRESSACEAE which should not be confused with other cedar and cypress trees of THUJA or CUPRESSUS genera.Myrtaceae: The myrtle plant family of the order Myrtales. It includes several aromatic medicinal plants such as EUCALYPTUS.BrazilFabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.Environmental Remediation: Removal of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS or contaminants for the general protection of the environment. This is accomplished by various chemical, biological, and bulk movement methods, in conjunction with ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING.

Sudden exposure to solar UV-B radiation reduces net CO(2) uptake and photosystem I efficiency in shade-acclimated tropical tree seedlings. (1/17)

Tree seedlings developing in the understory of the tropical forest have to endure short periods of high-light stress when tree-fall gaps are formed, and direct solar radiation, including substantial UV light, reaches the leaves. In experiments simulating the opening of a tree-fall gap, the response of photosynthesis in leaves of shade-acclimated seedlings (Anacardium excelsum, Virola surinamensis, and Calophyllum longifolium) to exposure to direct sunlight (for 20-50 min) was investigated in Panama (9 degrees N). To assess the effects of solar UV-B radiation (280-320 nm), the sunlight was filtered through plastic films that selectively absorbed UV-B or transmitted the complete spectrum. The results document a strong inhibition of CO(2) assimilation by sun exposure. Light-limited and light-saturated rates of photosynthetic CO(2) uptake by the leaves were affected, which apparently occurred independently of a simultaneous inhibition of potential photosystem (PS) II efficiency. The ambient UV-B light substantially contributed to these effects. The photochemical capacity of PSI, measured as absorbance change at 810 nm in saturating far-red light, was not significantly affected by sun exposure of the seedlings. However, a decrease in the efficiency of P700 photooxidation by far-red light was observed, which was strongly promoted by solar UV-B radiation. The decrease in PSI efficiency may result from enhanced charge recombination in the reaction center, which might represent an incipient inactivation of PSI, but contributes to thermal dissipation of excessive light energy and thereby to photoprotection.  (+info)

Inocalophyllins A, B and their methyl esters from the seeds of Calophyllum inophyllum. (2/17)

Fractionation of the ethanolic extract of the seeds of Calophyllum inophyllum L. has resulted in the isolation of four novel pyranocoumarin derivatives, designated as inocalophyllins A (1), B (2) and their methyl esters (3, 4) in addition to the known calophyllolide. The structures of these compounds have been determined on the basis of spectroscopic analysis including MS, heteronuclear single quantum coherence (HSQC), heteronuclear multiple bond connectivity (HMBC) and two dimensional incredible natural abundance double quantum transfer experiment (2D-INADEQUATE). Two new methylated products, 5 and 6 were also prepared by methylation of compounds 1 and 2, respectively.  (+info)

Trypanocidal constituents in plants 3. Leaves of Garcinia intermedia and heartwood of Calophyllum brasiliense. (3/17)

The constituents of the leaves of Garcinia intermedia and heartwood of Calophyllum brasiliense were investigated based on their trypanocidal activity against epimastigotes of Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiologic agent of Chagas' disease. As the active components, the polyisoprenylated benzophenone derivative guttiferone A and the xanthone 8-desoxygartanin were isolated along with the biflavonoids podocarpusflavone A and amentoflavone, and friedelin from the former. Three xanthones, jacareubin, 6-deoxyjacareubin, and 1,3,5,6-tetrahydroxy-2-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)xanthone from the latter showed activity. The trypanocidal activity of these compounds against trypomastigotes, an infectious form of T. cruzi, was examined as well as gossypol, berberine chloride, and harmine for comparison.  (+info)

Chromanones and dihydrocoumarins from Calophyllum blancoi. (4/17)

Chromatographic fractionation of the acetone extract of the seeds of Calophyllum blancoi yielded six pyranochromanone derivatives; apetalic acid (1), isoapetalic acid (2), apetalic acid methyl ester (3), apetalic acid 5-O-acetate (4), isoapetalic methyl ester (5), and isoapetalic acid 5-O-acetate (6). In addition, one new dihydrocoumarin derivative, isorecedensolide (7), was also isolated together with recedensolide (8). The structures of the isolated compounds were established through analysis of NMR spectral data including 2D techniques as well as other physical and spectroscopic methods. Compounds 3, 4, 5, 7, and 8 showed mild activity against KB (human oral epidermoid carcinoma) and Hela (human cervical epitheloid carcinoma) tumor cell lines.  (+info)

HIV-1 inhibitory compounds from Calophyllum brasiliense leaves. (5/17)

The hexane, acetone and methanol extracts of Calophyllum brasiliense leaves were fractionated following a three bioassay guide: high HIV-1 RT inhibition, low cytotoxicity on MT2 cells and high inhibition of HIV-1 IIIb/LAV replication. This led to the isolation of three anti HIV-1 dipyranocoumarins: calanolides A and B and soulattrolide. In contrast, other isolated compounds such as apetalic acid, isoapetalic acid, a structural isomer of isoapetalic acid, friedelin, canophyllol and amentoflavone were devoid of HIV-1 RT inhibitory activity. Calanolide C was also obtained as a natural product and showed moderate inhibitory properties.  (+info)

Bioactive pyranoxanthones from the roots of Calophyllum blancoi. (6/17)

Phytochemical investigation of the roots of Calophyllum blancoi growing in Taiwan resulted in the isolation of three new pyranoxanthones, blancoxanthone (1), acetyl blancoxanthone (2) and 3-hydroxyblancoxanthone (3), in addition to two known pyranoxanthones, pyranojacaeubin (4) and caloxanthone (5). Structural characterization of the isolated compounds was determined by spectral analyses especially 2-D NMR. Biological study of the isolated xanthones revealed that blancoxanthone (1) exhibited significant anti-coronavirus activity.  (+info)

Evaluation of the relaxant action of some Brazilian medicinal plants in isolated guinea-pig ileum and rat duodenum. (7/17)

PURPOSE: The present study aimed to evaluate the possible antispasmodic activity in vitro of methanolic extracts (ME) of six Brazilian medicinal plants. METHODS: The extracts were evaluated on isolated guinea-pig ileum and rat duodenum preparations. RESULTS: Rubus imperialis, Maytenus robusta, Ipomoea pes caprae and Epidendrum mosenii did not inhibit the contractile response elicited by acetylcholine on guinea-pig ileum. On the other hand, ME from Calophyllum brasiliense and Cynara scolymus exhibited significant inhibitory activity for the contractile response elicited by acetylcholine on guinea-pig ileum and on rat duodenum in a noncompetitive and concentration-dependent manner. CONCLUSIONS: The current study suggests that, of the six medicinal plants evaluated, only the ME of Calophyllum brasiliense and Cynara scolymus show probable antispasmodic activity, confirming and justifying their use in folk medicine for the treatment of intestinal disorders.  (+info)

Caloxanthones O and P: two new prenylated xanthones from Calophyllum inophyllum. (8/17)

 (+info)

Define Calophyllum calaba. Calophyllum calaba synonyms, Calophyllum calaba pronunciation, Calophyllum calaba translation, English dictionary definition of Calophyllum calaba. Noun 1. Calophyllum calaba - West Indian tree having racemes of fragrant white flowers and yielding a durable timber and resinous juice calaba, Santa Maria...
Natural and Pure Ethically Grown Cold Pressed Calophyllum Oil Seed (Calophyllum inophyllum) sold in multiple sizes, for aromatherapy,massage therapy and herbal uses.
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Calanolide A is derived from Calophyllum lanigerum var austrocoriaceum, an exceedingly rare member of the Guttiferae or mangosteen family. Samples of Calophyllum lanigerum var austrocoriaceum were first collected in 1987 on an National Cancer Institute (NCI)-sponsored expedition in Sarawak, Malaysia on the island of Borneo. Once scientists determined that Calophyllum lanigerum var austrocoriaceum showed activity against HIV, researchers returned to the original kerangas forest near Lundu (Sarawak, Malaysia) to gather more plant matter for isolating the active compound. The tree was gone -- likely felled by locals for fuelwood or building material. The disappearance of the tree lead to mad search by botanists for further specimen. Good news finally came from the Singapore Botanic Garden which had several plants collected by the British over 100 years earlier. Sarawak banned the felling and export of Calophyllum shortly thereafter ...
Calophyllum inophyllum. Condition: Skin in need of nourishment to promote natural hydration and rejuvenation.. Solution: NOW® Solutions Pure Tamanu Oil is a premium cold-pressed oil from the seeds of the tamanu tree, which is found throughout the South Pacific. Tamanu oil has naturally occurring essential fatty acids that promote soft, radiant, hydrated skin.. Ingredient: Organic Calophyllum Inophyllum (Tamanu) Seed Oil (tree nut).. Certified Organic by QAI.. For external use only. To soften and nourish your skin, apply to body, face or scalp and gently massage until absorbed. Avoid sensitive areas such as the eyes.. Tamanu Oils high concentration of saturated fatty acids causes it to solidify at room temperature. To melt, simply warm the bottle in your pocket or in a mug with warm water to return it to a liquid state.. Not for internal use. Avoid contact with eyes. Keep out of reach of children.. ...
Instructions for use: Apply directly to the center of the lips and blend outwards for full, creamy coverage 0.14oz/ 3.4oz. Ingredients: Ricinus Communis {Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil], Bis-Diglyceryl Polyacyladipate-2, Ethiylhexyl Palmitate, Candelilla Cera [Euphorbia Cerifera (Candelilla) Wax], Isononyl Isononanoate, Ozokerite, Butyrospermum Parkii [Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter], Cetearyl Alcohol, Hydrogenated Polycyclopentadiene, Cera Microcristallina (Microcrystalline Wax), Isopropyl Myristate, Silica, Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate, Ceteareth-20, Propylene Carbonate, Polyhydroxystearic Acid, Isopropyl Titanium Triisostearate, Stearalkonium Hectorite, Polyethylene, Caprylyl Glycol, Copernicia Cerifera Cera [Copernica Cerifera (Carnauba) Wax], Phenoxyethanol, Coprinus Comatus (Mushroom) Extract], Lecithin, Calophyllum Inophyllum (Calophyllum Inophyllum Seed Oil), Simethicone, Tocopheryl Acetate, Sorbitan Isostearate, Dextrin, Water, Hexylene Glycol, Hydrogenated Phosphatidylcholine, Lysolecithin
Instructions for use: Apply directly to the center of the lips and blend outwards for full, creamy coverage 0.14oz/ 3.4goz. Ingredients: Ricinus Communis {Ricinus Communis (Castor) Seed Oil], Bis-Diglyceryl Polyacyladipate-2, Ethiylhexyl Palmitate, Candelilla Cera [Euphorbia Cerifera (Candelilla) Wax], Isononyl Isononanoate, Ozokerite, Butyrospermum Parkii [Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter], Cetearyl Alcohol, Hydrogenated Polycyclopentadiene, Cera Microcristallina (Microcrystalline Wax), Isopropyl Myristate, Silica, Cetearyl Ethylhexanoate, Ceteareth-20, Propylene Carbonate, Polyhydroxystearic Acid, Isopropyl Titanium Triisostearate, Stearalkonium Hectorite, Polyethylene, Caprylyl Glycol, Copernicia Cerifera Cera [Copernica Cerifera (Carnauba) Wax], Phenoxyethanol, Coprinus Comatus (Mushroom) Extract], Lecithin, Calophyllum Inophyllum (Calophyllum Inophyllum Seed Oil), Simethicone, Tocopheryl Acetate, Sorbitan Isostearate, Dextrin, Water, Hexylene Glycol, Hydrogenated Phosphatidylcholine,
Tamanu oil is a remarkable topical skin healing agent. It has antineuralgic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antibiotic and antioxidant properties. Tamanu oils botanical name is Calophyllum tacamahaca and/or Calophyllum Inophyllum. ...
Tamanu oil is a remarkable topical skin healing agent. It has antineuralgic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antibiotic and antioxidant properties. Tamanu oils botanical name is Calophyllum tacamahaca and/or Calophyllum Inophyllum. ...
The tamanu nut tree, whose kernels yield the natural tamanu nut oil, is botanically termed as Calophyllum inophyllum meaning the beautifully leafed tree in Greek. This species in native to southeast Asia and is found growing in abundance along the seashores as well as in upcountry regions having tropic climatic conditions. While scientists are yet…
... CJPs Biodiesel Business Plans1. Alage Biodiesel Business Plan2. Calophyllum inophyllum L3. Camelina Biodiesel Business Plan4. CASTOR: Ricinus...
The seeds yield an oil in soap manufacture and the decoction of flowers is given to cure veneral diseases. The bark of the tree is applied to stop internal haemorrhages. The seeds yield a dark green, scented, thick oil known as pinnay, domba or dillo oil which is employed as medicine for the cure of rheumatism, ulcers and skin diseases (Bose et al., 1998). Seeds of C. inophyllum contain several known coumarins, including the potent HIV [human immunodeficiency virus] reverse transcriptase inhibitors costatolide and inophyllum (Spino et al., 1999). Extracts show antibacterial activity (Bibitha-Babu et al., 2002 ...
TONIATO, MARIA TERESA ZUGLIANI; LEITAO FILHO, HERMÓGENES DE FREITAS and RODRIGUES, RICARDO RIBEIRO. Fitossociologia de um remanescente de floresta higrófila (mata de brejo) em Campinas, SP. Rev. bras. Bot. [online]. 1998, vol.21, n.2, pp.197-210. ISSN 0100-8404. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-84041998000200012.. Foi realizado um levantamento fitossociológico em dois fragmentos de floresta higrófila (mata de brejo) no município de Campinas, SP. Em cada fragmento foram alocadas 10 parcelas contíguas de 10 m x 10 m e amostrados todos os indivíduos com PAP (perímetro à altura do peito) ³ 10 cm. Os dados dos dois fragmentos foram agrupados e analisados em conjunto. Ao todo foram amostrados 955 indivíduos de 55 espécies, 44 gêneros e 29 famílias. Foi observada baixa diversidade em espécies (H = 2,80 nats/indivíduo). As espécies de maior IVI, em ordem decrescente, foram Calophyllum brasiliensis (Clusiaceae), Protium almecega (Burseraceae), Styrax pohlii (Styracaceae), Syagrus ...
APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: eudicots • Cladus: core eudicots • Cladus: superasterids • Cladus: asterids • Cladus: euasterids I • Ordo: Lamiales • Familia: Lamiaceae • Subfamilia: Teucrioideae • Genus: Clerodendrum • Species: Clerodendrum blancoi Náves ex Fern.-Vill. ...
Reliable mathematical models for supercritical extraction process can be developed that include all these parameters. Mathematical models can be used to generalize the experimental results to new process conditions and extracted materials. Even more, they are useful to develop scale-up procedures from laboratory to pilot and to industrial scale. Different approaches have been proposed to obtain mathematical models that simulate supercritical fluid extraction from solid particles (Brunner, 1994; Reverchon, 1997; Goto et al., 1998). In this work, differential mass balances are used to elaborate a model that takes into account the following mechanisms: i)the dissolution of solid or liquid component into supercritical fluid filling the particle pores, ii)diffusion through porous cellular material and iii)external mass transfer around the solid particle to the main fluid stream. The resulting equations are solved using numerical techniques. Results obtained during the extraction of essential oil from ...
Biopurus is a small supplier of top-notch, certified organic and high-strength CBD drops using CO2 supercritical extraction, which is the gold standard in the industry. Find out why choosing organic CBD oil is so important. Small is beautiful is a proven statement, because, despite its basic packaging and design, this whole-plant extract is of superb, certified organic quality, and one of the best weve tried and tested. Biopurus also produces high-strength drops, following the CO2 supercritical extraction process that is the gold standard in the industry. The highest-quality extract is not only a full-spectrum CBD oil (which contains a full range of cannabinoids) but one that also preserves the raw phytonutrients of the plant: namely, the terpene profile, its bioflavonoids, the chlorophyll and lipids (omega oils). Biopurus believes in preserving the whole-plant organic extract to deliver the full benefits of cannabis oil (without the intoxicating cannabinoid THC ...
Biopurus is a small supplier of top-notch, certified organic and high-strength CBD drops using CO2 supercritical extraction, which is the gold standard in the industry. Find out why choosing organic CBD oil is so important. Small is beautiful is a proven statement, because, despite its basic packaging and design, this whole-plant extract is of superb, certified organic quality, and one of the best weve tried and tested. Biopurus also produces high-strength drops, following the CO2 supercritical extraction process that is the gold standard in the industry. The highest-quality extract is not only a full-spectrum CBD oil (which contains a full range of cannabinoids) but one that also preserves the raw phytonutrients of the plant: namely, the terpene profile, its bioflavonoids, the chlorophyll and lipids (omega oils). Biopurus believes in preserving the whole-plant organic extract to deliver the full benefits of cannabis oil (without the intoxicating cannabinoid THC). ...
A preparatory supercritical extraction cartridge includes a chamber for sample having a volume in the range of 20 cubic centimeters to 2,000 cubic centimeters. An inlet and an outlet are fastened to the cartridge walls by threads and sealed to said cartridge walls With spring loaded seals so that they can be removed with a torque requirement of less than 35 pound inches. Inlet and outlet tubing are fastened to the inlet and outlet by quick release connectors.
An evergreen tree that grows up to 35 metres with black and furrowed trunk; it has dark-green leaves that are smooth on the upper surface and hairy underneath. New leaves are showy, pale-green or pink and silky-hairy. Male and female flowers are produced on separate trees as Diospyros blancoi is a dioecious plant species. Its creamy white and fragrant inflorescence has four petals each, in clusters of 0.5 cm in diameter flowers for male and 1 cm in diameter for female. Fruiting occurs two to four months after flowering, each of 5-10 cm wide with velvety and brownish-orange skin which emanates a cheese-like odor. ...
3] The primary extract defined in present claim 7 is characterised both by the production process and by the feature that it contains at least reduced proportions of monoterpene and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, alkaloids, flavonoids, and chlorophylls. Document D3 […] discloses a supercritical extraction of marihuana that is carried out with CO2 that has a density of 0.9 g/ml at the chosen temperature of 40°C. It has to be noted that under these circumstances the pressure of supercritical CO2 lies within the presently claimed pressure range of between 75 and 500 bar, which means that this feature is implicitly disclosed. Moreover, [the Board] has to agree with the Opposition Division that in the process disclosed in document D3 the individual fractions are quenched (abgefangen) at a subcritical temperature of 25°C. The expression "trapped" used un document D3 implies that the CO2 extract is kept at normal conditions, i.e. room temperature and atmospheric pressure, which means that the CO2 ...
Al Ahly (2) Alianza Lima (1) América - MG (4) América - PE (1) America - RJ (4) América - RN (2) América - SP (1) Arbitragem (7) ASA (2) Atlas ME (1) Atlético GO (3) Atlético MG (41) Atlético PR (21) Avaí (10) Bahia (9) Banfield (1) Bangu (1) Barcelona (13) Barueri (5) Bayern de Munique (1) Belgrano (1) Blooming (1) BoaVista (1) Boca Juniors (12) Bolívar (2) Borussia Dortmund (1) Botafogo (36) Bragantino (1) Brasiliense (1) Camp. Alemão (1) Camp. Amazonense (1) Camp. Baiano (19) Camp. Brasileiro A (320) Camp. Brasileiro B (45) Camp. Brasileiro C (6) Camp. Brasileiro D (8) Camp. Carioca (25) Camp. Catarinense (4) Camp. Cearense (2) Camp. do Acre (1) Camp. Europeu (2) Camp. Gaúcho (9) Camp. Goiano (5) Camp. Inglês (2) Camp. Italiano (1) Camp. Mineiro (9) Camp. Paraense (1) Camp. Paranaense (20) Camp. Paulista (54) Camp. Pernambucano (10) Campeonato Carioca (1) Campinense (1) Caxias (1) CBF (18) Ceará (4) Central (2) Charge (14) Chelsea (7) Cianorte (1) Clube dos 13 (2) Colo-Colo (1) ...
Citrus aurantium dulcis fruit water* (sweet orange water), Macadamia ternifolia seed oil* (macadamia nut oil), polyglyceryl-3 sorbityl linseedate (natural emulsifier based on linseed oil), Oenothera biennis oil* (evening primrose oil), Limnanthes alba seed oil (meadowfoam seed oil), squalanes (olive squalane), Sambucus nigra fruit extract (antioxidant elderberry extract), Butyrospermum parkii butter* (shea butter), Olea europaea oil unsaponifiables (unsaponifiable component of olive oil), glycerin** (plant-derived moisturising agent), Salix alba bark extract (skin-regenerating willow bark extract), Borago officinalis seed oil* (borage oil), jojoba esters (jojoba wax), Calophyllum inophyllum seed oil* (cell-regenerating tamanu oil), Acacia decurrens flower wax (mimosa wax), Helianthus annuus seed wax (sunflower wax), Schisandra chinensis fruit extract (schisandra berry extract), Helianthus annuus seed oil (sunflower oil), tocopherol (vitamin E), saccharide isomerate (carbohydrate complex for ...
Green Tea and Vitamin E - Replenish the skin with protective antioxidants Aqua, Glycerin, Rosa Canina (Rose Hip) Fruit Oil, Alcohol Denat., Epilobium Angustifolium (Willowherb) Flower/Leaf/Stem Extract, Bisabolol (L-Alpha), Calophyllum Inophyllum Seed Oil, Agave Tequilana (Blue Agave) Leaf Extract, Allantoin, Aniba Rosaeodora (Rosewood) Wood Oil, Arnica Montana Flower Extract, Beta-Glucan (D), Beta-Sitosterol, Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract, Citric Acid, Cymbopogon Schoenanthus (Lemongrass) Oil, Elaeis Guineensis (Palm) Oil, Epigallocatechin Gallate, Guaiazulene, Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil, Lonicera Caprifolium (Honetsuckle) Flower Extract, Lonicera Japonica (Honeysuckle) Flower Extract, Oligopeptide-1, Ormenis Multicaulis Oil, Phospholipids, Pyruvic Acid, Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Oil, Salvia Sclarea (Clary) Oil, Sodium Hyaluronate (L), Squalene, Tocopherol (D-Alpha), Tocotrienols, Totarol, Xanthan Gum, Phenoxyethanol, Potassium Sorbate, Benzyl Benzoate, ...
From Grown Alchemist, a rich intensive hydrating hand cream with instant absorbency with notes of Persian Rose. Contains Vitamin A and omegas 3, 6 and 7 for noticeable replenish and strengthening of the skin. • Hydrating and replenishing hand cream • Bioactive certified organic ingredients • Notes of Persian Rose • Contains Vitamin A, Omegas 3, 6 and 7 • 65 ML • Made in Australia Ingredients • Aloe Barbadensis Leaf (Aloe Vera) Extract • Aqua (purified water) • Camellia Oleifera (camellia) oil • Cetearyl Olivate and Sorbitan Olivate (Olive) • Cetyl Alcohol • Sodium Hyaluronate • Rosa Canina Oil • Calophyllum Inophyllum Seed Oil • Argania Spinosa Kernel Oil • Olea Europaea Fruit Oil • Mangifera Indica Seed Butter • Vitis Vinifera Seed Oil • Tocopherol • Punica Granatum Fruit Extract • Rosa Damascena Hydrosol • Citrus Sinensis Oil • Cananga Odorata Flower Oil • Santalum Spicata Wood Oil • Myroxylon Pereirae Oil • Pogostemon Cablin Oil • Sodium
PEREIRA, R. C.; PINHEIRO, M. D.; TEIXEIRA, V. L. and GAMA, B. A. P. da. Feeding preferences of the endemic gastropod Astraea latispina in relation to chemical defenses of Brazilian tropical seaweeds. Braz. J. Biol. [online]. 2002, vol.62, n.1, pp.33-40. ISSN 1519-6984. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842002000100005.. Seaweed preference by the Brazilian endemic gastropod Astraea latispina was examined in the laboratory to evaluate the role of secondary metabolites in determining food choice. Of three species of seaweeds examined, Plocamium brasiliense was highly preferred; less so were Sargassum furcatum and Dictyota cervicornis were preferred less. Extracts and/or pure major metabolites of the two potentially chemically-defended seaweeds (P. brasiliense and D. cervicornis) were tested as feeding deterrents against A. latispina. Algal extract assays demonstrated that three concentrations of crude organic extract of the red alga P. brasiliense (50%, 100%: natural concentration, and 200% of dry ...
Coelho, Gilberto, Vagner G. Cortez & Rosa T. Guerrero. New morphological data on Amauroderma brasiliense (Polyporales, Basidiomycota). Mycotaxon 100: 177-183. 2007.. ABSTRACT: Fresh basidiomes of the basidiomycete Amauroderma brasiliense were studied allowing the observation of new morphological structures for the species, i.e., gloeopleurous hyphae in the context and trama and dendrohyphidia. Scanning electron microphotograph showing the basidiospores ornamentation is provided for the first time.. KEYWORDS: Neotropical fungi, Brazilian mycobiota, polypore, Ganodermataceae. ...
These are intestinal parasites of dogs with a similar life cycle to A.duodenale, but in man they cause a creeping. eruption or cutaneous larva migrans. The larva burrows between the corium and stratum granulosum and progresses irregularly at about 1cm in 24 hours ...
Active composition influences directly upon hair follicles, preventing extra hair loss. At the heart of the tonic activator there is a rich bouquet of Tibetan herbal extracts, obtained using innovative supercritical extraction methods. Highly concentrated herbal extracts present in this product provide a high stimulation of hair roots. With the use of Synergy of Performance,…
PBI Camb new site will soon be updated to be all about your garden you house and your home.. Everything from home furnishing such as bedroom furniture, home entertainment and sofa beds to cups and plates!. You name it we will be all about home and garden.. Our Fav Sites include:. http://www.bedsos.co.uk - beds. http://www.furniturevillage.co.uk - furniture. http://www.bbc.co.uk/gardening/design/ - Garden. ...
Pure+simple - Nourishing Face Oil : Adansonia Digitata (Baobab) Oil*, Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil*, Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil*, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Nut) Oil*, Calophyllum Inophyllum (Tamanu) Seed Oil*, Borago Officinalis (Borage) Seed Oil, Camellia Oleifera Seed Oil*, Olibanum (Frankincense) Oil*, Pelargonium Graveolens (Rose Geranium) Oil, Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil*, Commiphora Myrrha (Myrrh) Oil, Citrus Aurantium (Neroli) Oil, Pogostemon cablin (Patchouli) Oil*, Rose Centifolia Flower (Rose) Extract, Cananga Odorata Flower (Ylang Ylang) Oil*, Vanilla Planifolia Oil. *Certified ...
A new species of armored scale, Mycetaspis ailynaomi Dones and Evans is described and illustrated from specimens collected on mamey (Mammea americana) from Puerto Rico. A key to the species of Mycetaspis is provided.
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Find quality suppliers and manufacturers of 90-47-1(Xanthone) for price inquiry. where to buy 90-47-1(Xanthone).Also offer free database of 90-47-1(Xanthone) including MSDS sheet(poisoning, toxicity, hazards and safety),chemical properties,Formula, density and structure, solution etc.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Investigation of antiulcer activities of imidazo[1,2-α]pyridinyl-2-alkylaminobenzoxazoles and 5,6,7,8-tetahydroimidazo[1,2-α]pyridinylbenzoxazoles with electron-topological (ET) method. AU - Huang, Hsu Shan. AU - Chiou, Jeng Fong. AU - Chiu, Hui Fen. AU - Chen, Rong Fu. AU - Lai, Yu Liang. PY - 2002. Y1 - 2002. N2 - The study presents structure-activity considerations of a series of imidazo[1,2-α]pyridiny-2-alkylaminobenzoxazoles(I) and 5,6,7,8-tetahydroimidazo[1,2-α]pyridinylbenzoxazoles (II) investigated for anti-stress ulcer activity with the electron-topological method. A series of 39 compounds including 24 active and 15 weakly active was studied. It is shown that the fragment determined by the electron-topological method in an active molecule is responsible for anti-stress ulcer activity. Quantitative structure-activity relationships with electron topological approach of these compounds are discussed in terms of the statistical program STATGRAF-7.0.. AB - The study ...
Tree Seedlings is a quest item. It is a quest reward. In the Items category. Added in World of Warcraft: The Burning Crusade. Always up to date.
Whether you need HPLC hexane, ACS hexane, Anhydrous hexane or another Sigma-Aldrich grade, asimga-Aldrich stocks the right product for your application
For best results, apply around the entire eye area - upper and lower lids. Use AM & PM.. Recommended For: All skin types.. Aloe barbadensis Leaf Juice*, Glycerin, Aqua/Water/Eau, Propanediol, Denatured Alcohol, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Carthamus tinctorius (safflower) Oleosomes*, Cucumus Sativus (Cucumber) Seed Oil, Glyceryl Behenate, Lactobacillus Ferment, Shea Butter Ethyl Esters, Helianthus annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil*, Calophyllum Inophyllum Seed Oil*, Cetyl Alcohol, Cetearyl Olivate, Olea Europaea (Olive) Oil*, Hydrolyzed Hibiscus Esculentus Seed Extract, Acmella Oleracea (Spilanthes) Extract, Cedrus Atlantica Bark Extract, Iris Pallida (Sweet Iris) Leaf Cell Extract, Leucojum Aestivum (Summer Snowflake) Bulb Extract, Theobroma Grandiflorum Seed Butter*, Opuntia ficus indica (Barbary fig) leaf cell extract, Anogeissus Leiocarpus (Akulia) Bark Extract, Polygonum fagopyrum (Buckwheat) Seed Extract, Sodium hyaluronate, Algae extract, Narcissus tazetta (Daffodil) Bulb Extract*, Vitis ...
Norėdami gauti geresnius rezultatus, pašveitę odą, visada panaudokite ir kūno kremas „Firming Body Cream". Odos šveitimas - tai idealus būdas pagerinti odos būklę ir pašalinti ir jos toksinus. Labai švelnus sausas odos šveitimas ne tik aktyvuoja visą sistemą, bet ir akivaizdžiai pakeičia odos tekstūrą.. Ingredientai: Aqua (Water) , Aloe (Aloe Barbadensis)*, Grain Alcohol*, Coconut Oil (Cocos Nucifera)*, Sesame Seed Oil (Sesamum Indicum), Jojoba Oil(Simmondsia Chinensis)*, Shea Butter (Butyrospermum Parkii)*, Behenyl Alcohol , Glyceryl Stearate, Phospholipids, Soybean Sterols (Glycine Soya), Honey (Mel)*, Kigelia Africana (Kigelia Africana)*, Grapeseed Extract (Vitis Vinifera), Filipendma Ulmaria (meadowsweet), Ivy (Hedera Helix), Tamanu (Calophyllum Inophyllum) , Horsetail (Equisetum Arvense)*, Green Tea (Camellia Sinensis), White Tea (Camellia Sinensis) , Pinus Pinaster Bark Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins, Guarana (Paulinia Cupana)*, Blackcurrant (Ribes Nigrum)*, Bladderwrack ...
Recipes : H(013) ulcers, very good ointment against H(004) wounds of bad character, 500gr of each : Ageratum conyzoides (herbe of bouc pounded), Cassia occidentalis (cassepuante), Leucas aspera (madame tombé), Sigesbeckia orientalis (herbe de flacq), Dodonaea viscosa (bois of reinette), Cleome viscosa (pissat of chien), Ocimum gratissimum (basilic rouge) , extract the juice, all must provide 4 bottles + 250 gr of molten resin of Calophyllum tacamahaca (tamaka), 60 gr oil of Atylosia scarabaeoides (pistache) or oil of Sesamum indicum (gingeli) , of 60 gr of white wax, Mix all add to the end of 60 grams of gasoline turpentine. Put in jars ...
ABSTRACT. The present work presents a first characterization of the oil from the Moringa (Moringa oleifera) kernel as a potential candidate for biodiesel production. Moringa is an indigenous tree in the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, where there is a nascent biodiesel industry. Several extraction methods are compared in terms of the extraction yields, including solvent extraction (n-hexane and ethanol), and supercritical extraction (Sc-CO2). The results are also compared against previously reported data. For supercritical extraction pressures of 200 to 400 bar and temperatures of 40˚C and 60˚C were tested. Gas Chromatography analysis reveals that the main fatty acids in Moringa oil are oleic acid (69%), palmitic acid (10%) and stearic acid (8%).. 1. Introduction. Moringa oleifera, known as "Moringa" or "Malunggay" is an Indian tree that also grows in Asia, Africa, Southamerica, the Caribbean and Oceania. The oil extracted from Moringa is known as Ben oil and reportedly contains 70% of oleic ...
Bilberry seed oils extracted with supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) for 80 min at 20, 35, and 50 MPa and at 40°, 50° and 60 °C were evaluated to compare the yield, composition, and antioxidant recovery. Analyses of fatty acids, free radical scavenging activity (DPPH), vitamin E and peroxide contents revealed that yield, vitamin E, efficient concentration (EC50), and Peroxide value (PV) varied significantly among the obtained bilberry seed oils, whereas the fatty acid compositions were similar. The oil extracted at 20 MPa and 60 °C had the best recovery of vitamin E and the lowest EC50 and PV. The high levels of vitamin E and polyunsaturated fatty acids, as well as the low ω6/ω3 ratios (|1) and the low PVs in all the extracts suggest bilberry seed oil is a valuable source of bioactive compounds and high potential for use of bilberry by-product extracts in added value foods and nutraceutical products.
Garcinia xanthochymus has been widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for expelling worms and removing food toxins. Bioassay-guided fractionation of an EtOAc-soluble extract of G. xanthochymus stem bark led to the isolation of six new xanthones. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, especially 2D-NMR techniques. Free-radical-scavenging activities of the isolated compounds were elucidated through DPPH method. Most of the isolated compounds showed considerable free radical scavenging activity on DPPH assay. Compound 1 exhibited effective antioxidant scavenging activity against DPPH radical with an IC50 value of 19.64 μM, and compound 6 showed the lowest activity among all the tested molecules, with an IC50 value of 66.88 μM. These findings support the notion that the plant genus Garcinia is a good source of bioactive compounds.
Wholesale Tree Seedling Manufacturers in Outdoor Plants ☆ Find tree seedling products from 3 manufacturers & suppliers in Outdoor Plants directory ☆ Choose quality tree seedling manufacturers, suppliers, exporters in EC21 Outdoor Plants directory - EC21
A number of structural classes known to cause P450 inhibition such as alkaloids, flavones, and polyphenols have been identified in herbal products (Foti and Wahlstrom, 2008). Structurally, the xanthones found in mangosteen also appear to be good ligands for P450 enzymes as evidenced by the broad spectrum of P450-catalyzed metabolism, nonselective inhibition of multiple P450 isoforms, and their previously noted interactions with CYP19 (aromatase). The xanthones found in mangosteen have multiple phenolic groups, which may contribute to both their efficacious and inhibitory effects. Phenol-containing compounds such as the flavanol quercetin have been shown to be potent competitive inhibitors of CYP2C9 by occupying the flurbiprofen binding site of CYP2C9 (Si et al., 2009). The polyphenolic substructures of the xanthones found in mangosteen may suggest a similar mechanism of inhibition for these compounds. It is interesting to note that two of the xanthones, α-mangostin and 3-isomangostin, were ...
Ignatushchenko, Marina V., "Antimalarial and antileishmanial action of xanthones : host-parasite differences in heme metabolism as chemotherapeutic targets" (1998). Scholar Archive. 2555 ...
Assay-guided fractionation of the ethanol extract of Tovomita krukovii resulted in the identification of four new xanthones (1 - 4) and ten known compounds (5 - 14). The structures of compounds 1 - 14 were determined by spectral data to be 3,5-dihydr
Xanthone plus herbal capsule - Heart palpitations revisited - irishhealth.com. Soothing, Natural Eazol Eases Your Aches, Pains and Twinges relief.
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Li, L., Han, A., Kinghorn, A., Frye, R., Derendorf, H. and Butterweck, V. (2013). Pharmacokinetic Properties of Pure Xanthones in Comparison to a Mangosteen Fruit Extract in Rats. Planta Med, 79(08), pp.646-653 ...
Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.) is a tropical tree native to Southeast Asia that produces a fruit whose pericarp contains a family of tricyclic isoprenylated polyphenols referred to as xanthones. Numerous in vitro studies have shown that these xanthones possess anti-oxidant, anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic, anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic activities. Aggressive marketing of such health promoting benefits has resulted in mangosteens classification as a
Among the 40 mangosteen xanthones found in the whole mangosteen fruit, alpha-mangostin and gamma-mangostin have been the main subject of many studies by researchers around the world
Regardless of the weather conditions, Angelina Beautiful Clean along with the Campbell Group and Texas Forest Service will have their yearly tree seedling giveaway today at the Lufkin Mall parking lot, from 9a-noon or until the seedlings are all gone ...
Yes, sorry, I didnt see that bit. Id clear all the moss and any other vegetation in a 2 foot wide circle from around the seedling, and put a tree shelter or spiral guard round it, attached to a garden cane or similar. This will protect against damage from rabbits, voles, squirrels etc, as well as reminding you of where it is. It will also act as a small cloche, creating a slightly more benign microclimate. If you cant get hold of one, cut both ends off a 2 litre drinks bottle and use that instead. It is self sown, so should be alright, but lots of water once a week in very dry spells wont hurt. Dont feed it ...
FedBizOpps the Way You Want It - Best listing of FedBizOpps notices, searches and subscriptions with free, on-line Archives back to 1995
Aloe barbadensis (aloe vera*) leaf juice‚ aqua (water)‚ calophyllum inophyllum (tamanu*) oil‚ caprylic/capric triglyceride (from coconut oil)‚ palmitoyl tripeptide-5 (peptide)‚ glyceryl stearate‚ onopordum acanthium (cotton thistle*) flower/leaf/stem extract‚ centella asiatica (gotu kola*) extract (and) symphytum officinale (comfrey*) leaf extract (and) plantago major (plantain*) leaf extract (and) calendula officinalis (calendula*) flower extract (and) eclipta prostrata (eclipta alba*) leaf extract‚ sucrose stearate‚ sodium stearyl lactylate‚ butyrospermym parkii (shea*) butter‚ oenothera biennis (evening primrose*) oil‚ theobroma cacao (cocoa*) seed butter‚ squalane (and) ubiquinone (coenzyme Q10)‚ tocopheryl acetate (vitamin E)‚ allium cepa (onion*) bulb extract‚ lactoperoxidase (and) glucose oxidase‚ allantoin‚ dimethyl sulfone (MSM)‚ ascorbic acid (vitamin C)‚ helichrysum italicum (helichrysum*) flower oil‚ lavandula angustifolia (lavender) oil‚ ...
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Lémana [Lemana], les jardins (semis)" ("Lémana [Lemana], the gardens (seedlings)"). "Lémana [Lemana]. Semis de jeunes arbres. M. Dentan et 2 élèves" ("Lémana [Lemana]. Young tree seedlings. Mr Dentan and 2 students"). Photographie de Jules Dentan et de deux élèves de lÉcole normale dans les jardins de Lemana. Au premier plan, des semis de jeunes arbres. À larrière plan, une haie et des arbres.Photograph of Jules Dentan and two students of Lemana Training Institution. In the foreground, tree seedlings. In the background, a hedge and trees ...
In 600 AD, scribes in Southeast Asia first recorded the use of the Mangosteen fruit as a general remedy and healing agent. More than a thousand years later (1673), Laurens Garcin (the base of the name Garcinia mangostana), studied the fruit, provided detailed diagrams, and determined that the mangosteen was helpful in treating various intestinal inflammations. In the following centuries, scattered research and documentation continued. Then suddenly, in the late 20th century, the research multiplied. Today, you can visit the National Library of Medicine website and simply type the word "mangosteen." Youll get more than 20 documented results from the last 13 years alone. And each entry provides detailed research on the medicinal properties and health benefits of the mangosteen.. As you read through the research and talk to people who know about XanGo Juice, theyll mention the word "xanthones." So let me take a minute to explain what theyre talking about. Youve heard of antioxidants; theyre a ...
TIPS... I am looking for mangosteen tea preparation steps. Tips on how to steep/boil fresh skin or dry rind. The specific temperature for how many minutes or hours. However, I found out that xanthones, the dominant and most important mangosteen antioxidant, is relatively heat stable. Maybe boiling it is fine or steeping might be better.…
EMMX proudly develops novel molecules and reagents to drug discovery and cancer research. We are scientists driven by a devotion to discovery and innovation, and we work hard every day to find new ways to streamline life science research.. ...
The Seminole Soil and Water Conservation District will have its fourth annual seedling tree sale from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. Nov. 22 and 23 at the district office at Big Tree Park in Longwood and the Meat
A collection of tales with supernatural themes, illustrated with the authors own distinctive artwork. Mike Gothorp studied at St. Catharines College, Camb
蓝莓提取物的花色苷色素的最大吸收波长为520 nm。 染发时,随 着染色温度和时间的增加, 染色量(K/S)增加,而亮度(L* )下降。这时,染色量为21.639-58.968。蓝莓提取物的 标准染色条件设定为温度40℃,染色时间40 min。在这种条件下,染色量差距较大以及反映花色苷色素固有颜色的红 度(a* )值较大。花色苷色素媒染剂对pH值特别敏感,大部分随着pH值的增加,染色性急速降低。 在酸性条件下, 红度(a*)增加; 在碱性条件下,黄度(b* )增加。染发时, 根据媒染方法(预媒染、同时媒染、后媒染)染色量 产生变化,当媒染剂中 FeSO4 、 MgSO4 、 MnSO4 、 CuSO4 、 CH3 COOH、 Co(NO3) 2 、 CaCO3 、 Na2CO3 等被选为预媒 染, AlK(SO4)2 被选为后媒染时, 染色量的变化具有显著效果。根据媒染剂的浓度,染色量的变化分别为69.665(1% FeSO4 ),59.515(5、15% ...
fruit seeds sale on sale at reasonable prices, buy Family Clusiaceae Garcinia Mangostana Seeds 20pcs, Evergreen Tree Purple Mangosteen Fruit Seeds, V
Peki (Caryocar brasiliense Camb.) is a Brazilian fruit with an extremely high b -carotene content, but the b -carotene is unstable under dry storage conditions. This work reports on the product development and stability of freeze-dried peki fruit pulp. Freeze-dried products were made by adding alcohols (ethanol and isopropyl alcohol; at concentrations of 0, 5 and 10 mL/100 mL of extract) and sugars (sucrose and fructose; at concentrations of 0, 5 and 10 g/100 mL of extract) to the peki fruit pulps followed by freeze- drying. Scanning electron microscopy was used to analyze the microstructure of the freeze-dried products by visualizing the crystallized forms. The product hardness and total carotenoid content following the different treatments were measured using a texture analyzer and a spectrophotometer, respectively. The stability of these foods was evaluated by their water sorption during their storage in various relative humidity environments at 25 C. There were characteristic differences in ...
A New Phytologist study sheds light on the sites of synthesis and accumulation of xanthones in roots. The findings may be helpful for understanding the biosynthesis of xanthones and in efforts to manipulate them for medicinal purposes.|br /|
The use of supercritical fluids in analytical chemistry is still grow- ing. More and more analysts are discovering the favorable advan- tages for a number of applications. Especially supercritical flu
Responses of beech seedlings to supplemental UV-B radiation were investigated during three consecutive seasons, in three repeated experiments. Our attention was paid on the alteration of the photosynthetic pigment composition - especially on the xanthophyll cycle pigments - chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, furthermore the accumulation of UV-B absorbing compounds in leaves, the specific leaf mass and leaf water content. The enhanced UV-B radiation generally affected significantly neither photochemical efficiency of PSII, nor photosynthetic pigment composition. UV-B radiation induced some protective mechanisms, thus VAZ-pool increased in beech leaves in every experiment, parallel with the enhancement of non-photochemical quenching. Amount of UV-B absorbing compounds in leaves increased under enhanced UV-B, but no significant changes were observed in the specific leaf mass. Sensitivity of plants to UV-B is largely influenced by other environmental factors and experimental conditions.. ...
David Herries from Interpine was able to open the minds of many of the harvesting contractors and forest managers who attended the New Zealand HarvestTECH 2019 event that ran in late June. The opportunities of using drones operationally in a raft of forestry activities was outlined to those attending. Already in New Zealand, some 118 foresters have successfully gone through the Interpine training courses and UAVs are appearing and being used routinely in forests from North to South.. In this clip below shown as part of the presentation, drones are being used to deliver radiata pine seedlings to the planters in some pretty steep terrain. Think of the alternative here - planters carrying and ferrying tree seedlings by hand into those areas that need to be planted - and the opportunities that UAV deliveries could offer in future savings. Planting crews that they worked with as part of the trial say that they were immediately 30% more efficient. Thats aside from the upside of not putting stress ...
There are more than 1 million acres of land in Kentucky that could benefit from tree planting. These areas could not only be planted to produce future timber crops, but also be planted to improve wildlife habitat and protect the soil from erosion by wind or water. In urban areas, planting may be done to improve the environment by reducing the effects of heat, wind, dust and noise, providing privacy screens or just beautifying the urban landscape. Contact and Ordering ...
Yes, I am sure that is a pine seedling. Come to Georgia, I have so many in my yard, I will give you as many as you would like!. ReplyDelete ...
TIM-1 defines a human regulatory B cell (Bregs) population that is altered in frequency and function in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients. TIM-1 is a unique marker for the identification of a human IL-10+ Breg subpopulation which is partially superimposed with transitional B cells. Alterations in TIM-1+ B cells could contribute to the development of autoimmune diseases such as SSc. PubMed, Arthritis Res Ther, 2017 Jan 19;19(1):8. (Also see B Cells and T Cells) This item was posted in the ISN Newsroom. Please check the newsroom daily for updates on scleroderma and other related articles ...
Some common tree species in the area are Calophyllum tomentosa, Calophyllum wightianum, Garcina cambogia, Garcina morealla, ... Calophyllum tomentosum and Hopea parviflora. An endangered species of climber Coscinium fenestratum has been recorded here. ... Calophyllum sp., Alstonia scholaris, Canarium strictum, Syzygium cumini, Flacourtia montana, Symplocos spicata, Hopea ...
D. calophyllum Hand.-Mazz. D. charkeviczii Prob. D. discolor Bunge D. diversifolium Rupr. D. ferganicum Lazkov D. foetidum ...
Cardiopetalum calophyllum Schltdl. Duguetia echinophora R.E.Fr. Duguetia furfuracea (A.St.-Hil.) Benth. & Hook. Duguetia ... Casearia silvestris Schwartz Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess. Kielmeyera coriacea (Spreng.) Mart. Kielmeyera rubriflora Cambess ...
Calophyllum wightianum Wall. ex Planch. & Triana Carex wightiana Nees Celtis wightii Planch. Ceropegia wightii Grah. ex Wight ...
Calophyllum inophyllum). Because maile is desirable for harvesting it is often incorporated into restoration plantings which ...
Calophyllum inophyllum); Jiali, (Gardenia taitensis); and Boua (Guettarda speciosa); Valla valla, (Premna taitensis); and ...
Calophyllum inophyllum) Ferra, (Ficus aspem), native fig Fau or Fo fafini, or woman's fibre tree (Hibiscus tiliaceus) ... Calophyllum inophyllum); Jiali, (Gardenia taitensis); and Boua (Guettarda speciosa); Valla valla, (Premna taitensis); and ... Calophyllum inophyllum); Jiali, (Gardenia taitensis); Boua (Guettarda speciosa); and Crinum. Charles Hedley (1896) identified ...
Piper calophyllum C. DC. Piper calvescentinerve Trel. Piper calvibaccum Trel. Piper cambessedesii (Miq.) C. DC. Piper camiloi ...
... exceptions including Calophyllum. Some monocots have reticulate venation, including Colocasia, Dioscorea and Smilax.[52]. ...
Labourdonnaisia spp., Hernandiaceae Hernandia mascarenensis, Clusiaceae Calophyllum spp., and Myrtaceae Syzygium spp., Eugenia ...
The larvae feed on Calophyllum species. They probably mine the leaves of their host plant. Global Taxonomic Database of ...
The larvae feed on Calophyllum species. The following subspecies are recognised: L. a. aeropa (southern Moluccas: Ambon, Ceram ...
The larvae feed on Calophyllum inophyllum. funet.fi Afro Moths. ...
Calophyllum wallichianum Vidal bujangjang - Prayer beads; Arbus precatorius Linn.; saga bulí - Corypha elata Roxb.; buri ...
The larvae feed on Calophyllum inophyllum. LepIndex Brachmia at funet Afro Moths. ...
... rose clusia Calophyllum - calophyllum Calophyllum calaba - Maria tree; Santa Maria tree Garcinia - garcinia trees Garcinia ...
Common species include Cedrela sp., Brosimun alicastrum, Heliocarpus spp., Calophyllum brasiliense, Zuelania Guidonia and Ficus ...
The larvae probably feed on Calophyllum inophyllum. The capture of one of the paratypes on February 14 led to the species being ...
Calophyllum brasiliense, Simarouba amara, Maxillaria spp., Virola calophylla, Dictyocaryum lamarckianum, Ficus spp., Sloanea ...
The provincial tree is Alexandrian laurel (Calophyllum inophyllum). The province is divided into eight districts (amphoe). ...
The hostplant for the species is Calophyllum inophyllum. Acrocercops habroscia Meyrick, 1921[permanent dead link] at the Global ...
... calophyllum (C.V.Morton) A.R.Sm. Cyclodium guianense (Klotzsch) van der Werff ex L.D.Gómez Cyclodium heterodon ( ...
The hostplant for the species is Calophyllum inophyllum. Acrocercops haplocosma Meyrick, 1936[permanent dead link] at the ...
Calophyllum Tribe 4. Symphonieae Genus: Canella, Moronobea, Chrysopia, Macanea, Singana, Rheedia, Macoubea, Chloromyron Ordo 36 ...
In 2004, 10 plant communities were recognized on the atoll rim: Calophyllum forest, dominated by Calophyllum inophyllum, with ... Calophyllum inophyllum and C. nucifera are often present. Understory species in this forest are often Morinda citrifolia, Cocos ... When found on the beaches, Calophyllum often extends over the lagoon water and supports nesting red-footed boobies, as does ... The 12 tree species are: Barringtonia asiatica (fish-poison tree), Calophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel), Cocos nucifera ...
Calophyllum calaba synonyms, Calophyllum calaba pronunciation, Calophyllum calaba translation, English dictionary definition of ... Noun 1. Calophyllum calaba - West Indian tree having racemes of fragrant white flowers and yielding a durable timber and ... Calophyllum calaba. Also found in: Thesaurus.. Related to Calophyllum calaba: Calophyllum inophyllum, Caulophyllum Thesaurus ... Calophyllum, genus Calophyllum - genus of tropical evergreen trees. tree - a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and ...
Media in category "Calophyllum soulattri". The following 4 files are in this category, out of 4 total. ... Pages in category "Calophyllum soulattri". This category contains only the following page. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Calophyllum_soulattri&oldid=55705129" ...
Species include: Calophyllum caledonicum Calophyllum brasiliense plantation Calophyllum antillanum Calophyllum. Flora of China ... A stylized Calophyllum is featured on the national coat of arms of Nauru. There are approximately 187 species in the genus. ... Calophyllum wood may be sold under the name bitangor, and the species may be used interchangeably; one shipment may contain ... Calophyllum is a genus of tropical flowering plants in the family Calophyllaceae. They are mainly distributed in Asia, with ...
Calophyllum goniocarpum is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. It is found in Indonesia and Papua New ... Stevens, P.F. (1998). "Calophyllum goniocarpum". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T37645A10068846. doi: ...
Calophyllum walkeri is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. It is found only in Sri Lanka. It is Reddish ... World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). "Calophyllum walkeri". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e. ...
Calophyllum bifurcatum is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. It is found only in West Papua in ... Stevens, P.F. (1998). "Calophyllum bifurcatum". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T37578A10059112. doi: ...
P. calophyllum is found in Sumatra, Borneo, the Philippines, Maluku and New Guinea. "Palaquium calophyllum". The Plant List. ... Palaquium calophyllum is a tree in the Sapotaceae family. It grows up to 20 metres (70 ft) tall. The bark is brownish grey. ... April 2002). "Palaquium calophyllum (Teijsm. & Binn.) Pierre ex Burck" (PDF). In Soepadmo, E.; Saw, L. G.; Chung, R. C. K. Tree ... The specific epithet calophyllum is from the Greek meaning "beautiful leaves". Habitat is forests from sea-level to 800 metres ...
Calophyllum sil is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. It is found in Australia, Indonesia, and Papua ... Stevens, P.F. (1998). "Calophyllum sil". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T37672A10070178. doi:10.2305/ ...
Calophyllum acutiputamen is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. It is found only in Papua New Guinea. It ... Eddowes, P.J. (1998). "Calophyllum acutiputamen". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T37574A10058516. doi: ...
Calophyllum chapelieri is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. It is found only in Madagascar. World ... Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). "Calophyllum chapelieri". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e. ...
Calophyllum soulattri is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. It is found in the Northern Territory of ... Stevens, P.F. (1998). "Calophyllum soulattri". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T33180A9757734. doi: ...
Calophyllum novoguineense is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. It is found in West Papua (Indonesia) ... World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). "Calophyllum novoguineense". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: ...
Calophyllum havilandii is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. It is endemic to Borneo. World ... Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). "Calophyllum havilandii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e. ...
Calophyllum bicolor is a species of flowering plant in the family Calophyllaceae. It is found in Australia and New Guinea. ... Stevens, P.F. (1998). "Calophyllum bicolor". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T34618A9878904. doi:10.2305 ...
Calophyllum rufinerve is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. It is found only living in the wild in West ... Stevens, P.F. (1998). "Calophyllum rufinerve". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T37589A10060397. doi: ...
Bulbophyllum calophyllum is a species of orchid in the genus Bulbophyllum. The Bulbophyllum-Checklist The Internet Orchid ...
Piptostigma calophyllum is a species of plant in the Annonaceae family. It is found in Cameroon and Gabon. Its natural habitat ... Piptostigma calophyllum. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 23 August 2007.. ...
Calophyllum elegans is a species of tropical flowering plants in the family Calophyllaceae. It is a 9.1 m (30 feet) tall tree ... Kew 1938, page 118 Calophyllum elegans at Tropicos Specimen MNHN-P-P04633825 at Museum National dHistoire Naturelle, Paris is ...
Calophyllum confusum is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. It is found only in the Solomon Islands. ... Eddowes, P.J. (1998). "Calophyllum confusum". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T37572A10064599. doi: ...
Calophyllum bracteatum is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. It is found in Sri Lanka where it is known ... Weaver, P. L. (1990). "Calophyllum calaba". In Burns, Russell M.; Honkala, Barbara H. Hardwoods. Silvics of North America. ... "Composition of fatty acids triacylglycerols and unsaponifiable matter in Calophyllum calaba L. oil from Guadeloupe". ...
Calophyllum pisiferum is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. It is found in Cambodia, Indonesia, ... World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). "Calophyllum pisiferum". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e. ...
Calophyllum streimannii is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. It is found only in Papua New Guinea. ... Stevens, P.F. (1998). "Calophyllum streimannii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T37585A10059996. doi: ...
Calophyllum brasiliense (Guanandi) is a species of Calophyllum native to subtropical and tropical regions of Central America, ... AgroForestry Tree Database: Calophyllum brasiliense Flores, E. M. Flora of Costa Rica: Calophyllum brasiliense (pdf file) " ... Common trade names of the wood of the Calophyllum brasiliense are: Jacareúba, Guanandi and Árbol de Santa Maria. Also known as ... There are dozens of references about calophyllum oil active properties, from pre-Columbian Incas and Aztecs in Latin America, ...
Calophyllum nubicola is a species of flowering plant in the Calophyllaceae family. It is found only in Panama. It is threatened ... Mitré, M. (1998). "Calophyllum nubicola". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T32680A9716965. doi:10.2305/ ...
Calophyllum inophyllum is a large evergreen, commonly called Alexandrian laurel balltree, beach calophyllum, beach touriga, ... Calophyllum inophyllum was first described and published in Species Plantarum 1:513. 1753. "Calophyllum inophyllum". Germplasm ... Media related to Calophyllum inophyllum at Wikimedia Commons Dressler, S.; Schmidt, M. & Zizka, G. (2014). "Calophyllum ... Traditional Pacific Islanders used Calophyllum wood to construct the keel of their canoes while the boat sides were made from ...
  • McKee 1998 , McKee 1996 Many studies in this area discuss findings from the genus Calophyllum, and offer structural representations, related compounds and their derivatives, modifications of the molecule, etc. (drugs.com)
  • Calanolide A and other related compounds from the genus Calophyllum have demonstrated antiviral activity including nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibition, Matthee 1999 , Newman 1998 and activity against influenza H3N1 and H1N1 viruses. (drugs.com)
  • Early interest in Calophyllum extracts in the management of HIV infections persists, Matthee 1999 , Newman 1998 particularly as an option for clinically relevant mutant HIV strains. (drugs.com)
  • Calophyllum (Tamanu) oil is non-irritating and non-toxic. (wingedseed.com)
  • Calophyllum oil, or Foraha Oil, or Tamanu Oil, or Dilo Oil (it's commonly known by all four names as well as many others) is derived by cold pressing from the seeds of the fruit (called a ballnut in English). (wingedseed.com)
  • Calophyllum (Tamanu) oil is generally agreed to be non-irritating and non-toxic. (wingedseed.com)
  • General Information Description: Calophyllum lanigerum is an evergreen brushwood or tree growing from 2 - 38 metres tall. (rxmed.com)
  • WO9932492A1 ] An efficient and scalable method is reported for the isolation of costatolide (2), an HIV-1-specific nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), from the latex of Calophyllum plants such as C. teysmannii var. (epo.org)
  • 2018). Comparative studies of selected calophyllum plants for their anti-inflammatory properties. (healthline.com)