Callithrix: A genus of the subfamily CALLITRICHINAE occurring in forests of Brazil and Bolivia and containing seventeen species.Callitrichinae: A subfamily in the family CEBIDAE that consists of four genera: CALLITHRIX (marmosets), CALLIMICO (Goeldi's monkey), LEONTOPITHECUS (lion tamarins), and SAGUINUS (long-tusked tamarins). The members of this family inhabit the tropical forests of South and Central America.Monkey Diseases: Diseases of Old World and New World monkeys. This term includes diseases of baboons but not of chimpanzees or gorillas (= APE DISEASES).Saguinus: A genus in the subfamily CALLITRICHINAE consisting of 12 species and found in Panama as well as South America. Species seen most frequently in the literature are S. oedipus (cotton-top marmoset), S. nigricollis, and S. fusicollis.Paternal Behavior: The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a father.Cebidae: A family of New World monkeys in the infraorder PLATYRRHINI, consisting of nine subfamilies: ALOUATTINAE; AOTINAE; Atelinae; Callicebinae; CALLIMICONINAE; CALLITRICHINAE; CEBINAE; Pithecinae; and SAIMIRINAE. They inhabit the forests of South and Central America, comprising the largest family of South American monkeys.Pregnanediol: An inactive metabolite of PROGESTERONE by reduction at C5, C3, and C20 position. Pregnanediol has two hydroxyl groups, at 3-alpha and 20-alpha. It is detectable in URINE after OVULATION and is found in great quantities in the pregnancy urine.Leontopithecus: The genus of lion tamarins in the subfamily CALLITRICHINAE. The common name refers to the mane on the shoulders.Cloprostenol: A synthetic prostaglandin F2alpha analog. The compound has luteolytic effects and is used for the synchronization of estrus in cattle.Animals, LaboratoryHawks: Common name for many members of the FALCONIFORMES order, family Accipitridae, generally smaller than EAGLES, and containing short, rounded wings and a long tail.Steatitis: A disease of cats and mink characterized by a marked inflammation of adipose tissue and the deposition of "ceroid" pigment in the interstices of the adipose cells. It is believed to be caused by feeding diets containing too much unsaturated fatty acid and too little vitamin E. (Merck Veterinary Manual, 5th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)Stomatognathic System: The mouth, teeth, jaws, pharynx, and related structures as they relate to mastication, deglutition, and speech.GB virus B: A species of virus (tentatively placed in the genus HEPACIVIRUS) in the family FLAVIVIRIDAE, that was recovered from a tamarin monkey, but may have been of human origin. It causes HEPATITIS in several species of New World monkeys.Heart Septal Defects, Atrial: Developmental abnormalities in any portion of the ATRIAL SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. Classification of atrial septal defects is based on location of the communication and types of incomplete fusion of atrial septa with the ENDOCARDIAL CUSHIONS in the fetal heart. They include ostium primum, ostium secundum, sinus venosus, and coronary sinus defects.Fatty Alcohols: Usually high-molecular-weight, straight-chain primary alcohols, but can also range from as few as 4 carbons, derived from natural fats and oils, including lauryl, stearyl, oleyl, and linoleyl alcohols. They are used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, detergents, plastics, and lube oils and in textile manufacture. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)EncyclopediasInternet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Retroelements: Elements that are transcribed into RNA, reverse-transcribed into DNA and then inserted into a new site in the genome. Long terminal repeats (LTRs) similar to those from retroviruses are contained in retrotransposons and retrovirus-like elements. Retroposons, such as LONG INTERSPERSED NUCLEOTIDE ELEMENTS and SHORT INTERSPERSED NUCLEOTIDE ELEMENTS do not contain LTRs.Platyrrhini: An infraorder of New World monkeys, comprised of the families AOTIDAE; ATELIDAE; CEBIDAE; and PITHECIIDAE. They are found exclusively in the Americas.Papillomavirus Infections: Neoplasms of the skin and mucous membranes caused by papillomaviruses. They are usually benign but some have a high risk for malignant progression.Papillomaviridae: A family of small, non-enveloped DNA viruses infecting birds and most mammals, especially humans. They are grouped into multiple genera, but the viruses are highly host-species specific and tissue-restricted. They are commonly divided into hundreds of papillomavirus "types", each with specific gene function and gene control regions, despite sequence homology. Human papillomaviruses are found in the genera ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; BETAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; GAMMAPAPILLOMAVIRUS; and MUPAPILLOMAVIRUS.Human papillomavirus 16: A type of ALPHAPAPILLOMAVIRUS especially associated with malignant tumors of the CERVIX and the RESPIRATORY MUCOSA.Uterine Cervical Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.Tumor Virus Infections: Infections produced by oncogenic viruses. The infections caused by DNA viruses are less numerous but more diverse than those caused by the RNA oncogenic viruses.Papio ursinus: A species of baboon in the family CERCOPITHECIDAE found in southern Africa. They are dark colored and have a variable social structure.Ethology: The discipline pertaining to the study of animal behavior.Hydrocortisone: The main glucocorticoid secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX. Its synthetic counterpart is used, either as an injection or topically, in the treatment of inflammation, allergy, collagen diseases, asthma, adrenocortical deficiency, shock, and some neoplastic conditions.Collagenases: Enzymes that catalyze the degradation of collagen by acting on the peptide bonds.Microbial Collagenase: A metalloproteinase which degrades helical regions of native collagen to small fragments. Preferred cleavage is -Gly in the sequence -Pro-Xaa-Gly-Pro-. Six forms (or 2 classes) have been isolated from Clostridium histolyticum that are immunologically cross-reactive but possess different sequences and different specificities. Other variants have been isolated from Bacillus cereus, Empedobacter collagenolyticum, Pseudomonas marinoglutinosa, and species of Vibrio and Streptomyces. EC 3.4.24.3.Matrix Metalloproteinase 1: A member of the metalloproteinase family of enzymes that is principally responsible for cleaving FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. It can degrade interstitial collagens, types I, II and III.Gambia: A republic in western Africa, constituting an enclave within SENEGAL extending on both sides of the Gambia River. Its capital is Banjul, formerly Bathurst.Cercopithecidae: The family of Old World monkeys and baboons consisting of two subfamilies: CERCOPITHECINAE and COLOBINAE. They are found in Africa and part of Asia.PrimatesSulfatasesPlacenta: A highly vascularized mammalian fetal-maternal organ and major site of transport of oxygen, nutrients, and fetal waste products. It includes a fetal portion (CHORIONIC VILLI) derived from TROPHOBLASTS and a maternal portion (DECIDUA) derived from the uterine ENDOMETRIUM. The placenta produces an array of steroid, protein and peptide hormones (PLACENTAL HORMONES).Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Gyrus Cinguli: One of the convolutions on the medial surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES. It surrounds the rostral part of the brain and CORPUS CALLOSUM and forms part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM.Cerebral Cortex: The thin layer of GRAY MATTER on the surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES that develops from the TELENCEPHALON and folds into gyri and sulchi. It reaches its highest development in humans and is responsible for intellectual faculties and higher mental functions.Brain Mapping: Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Dengue: An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.Dengue Virus: A species of the genus FLAVIVIRUS which causes an acute febrile and sometimes hemorrhagic disease in man. Dengue is mosquito-borne and four serotypes are known.Severe Dengue: A virulent form of dengue characterized by THROMBOCYTOPENIA and an increase in vascular permeability (grades I and II) and distinguished by a positive pain test (e.g., TOURNIQUET PAIN TEST). When accompanied by SHOCK (grades III and IV), it is called dengue shock syndrome.Mythology: A body of stories, the origins of which may be unknown or forgotten, that serve to explain practices, beliefs, institutions or natural phenomena. Mythology includes legends and folk tales. It may refer to classical mythology or to a body of modern thought and modern life. (From Webster's 1st ed)Siadenovirus: A genus of ADENOVIRIDAE comprising species including viruses of frogs (FROGS AND TOADS) and TURKEYS. The type species is Frog adenovirus.Animals, ZooArgentinaMexico

Expression of the oxytocin receptor in relation to steroid receptors in the uterus of a primate model, the marmoset monkey. (1/878)

The dynamics of the receptors for oestrogen (ER), progesterone (PR) and oxytocin (OTR) in the marmoset uterus have been analysed throughout the entire cycle and early pregnancy. Uteri obtained during the early, mid/late and late proliferative phase, and the early, mid and late secretory phase and early pregnancy were examined by immunohistochemistry (OTR, ER, PR) and autoradiography (OTR). A massive upregulation of the ER in the cell nuclei of glandular epithelium and stromal cells during the mid proliferative phase was succeeded by a declining staining intensity and positively stained cell number in the secretory phase. PR immunoreactivity increased in the late proliferative phase and early secretory phase, mainly within the cell nuclei, and then declined in both intensity and cell number towards the mid to late secretory phase. Myometrium showed a similar staining pattern for the steroid receptors. OTR were expressed weakly in stroma throughout the entire cycle, increasing slightly in the secretory phase. Glandular epithelium showed positive staining only during the periovulatory period. Myometrial OTR expression was weak during the proliferative phase, increased towards the secretory phase, and was maximal in the late secretory phase. Myometrial tissue adjacent to endometrium was most strongly stained. A cyclic shift evidently occurred in the pattern of steroid receptors, perhaps reflecting the steroid environment or the luteinizing hormone increase associated with ovulation.  (+info)

Anatomical structure and surface epithelial distribution in the nasal cavity of the common cotton-eared marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). (2/878)

To validate use of the common cotton-eared marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) in inhalation toxicity studies, its nasal morphology was examined. The nasal turbinates each consisted of one maxilloturbinate and one ethmoturbinate: these were more planar in structure than the comparable structures of rodents or dogs. The nasal cavity epithelia comprised squamous epithelium (SE), nasal transitional epithelium (NTE), respiratory epithelium (RE) and olfactory epithelium (OE), listed in order of occurrence from anterior to posterior positions. NTE was distributed as a narrow band lying between SE and RE. OE was limited to the dorsal part of the cavity, which was structurally similar to that of the macaque or man. Overall, this study revealed structural the similarity of the whole nasal cavity in the marmoset to that of macaques or humans. Prediction of nasal cavity changes in man based on extrapolation from experimentally induced changes in the common marmoset therefore seems likely to be feasible, making it a useful animal model for inhalation studies.  (+info)

Role of cellular tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factors in NF-kappaB activation and lymphocyte transformation by herpesvirus Saimiri STP. (3/878)

The STP oncoproteins of the herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) subgroup A strain 11 and subgroup C strain 488 are now found to be stably associated with tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor (TRAF) 1, 2, or 3. Mutational analyses identified residues of PXQXT/S in STP-A11 as critical for TRAF association. In addition, a somewhat divergent region of STP-C488 is critical for TRAF association. Mutational analysis also revealed that STP-C488 induced NF-kappaB activation that was correlated with its ability to associate with TRAFs. The HVS STP-C488 P10-->R mutant was deficient in human T-lymphocyte transformation to interleukin-2-independent growth but showed wild-type phenotype for marmoset T-lymphocyte transformation in vitro and in vivo. The STP-C488 P10-->R mutant was also defective in Rat-1 fibroblast transformation, and fibroblast cell transformation was blocked by a TRAF2 dominant-negative mutant. These data implicate TRAFs in STP-C488-mediated transformation of human lymphocytes and rodent fibroblasts. Other factors are implicated in immortalization of common marmoset T lymphocytes and may also be critical in the transformation of human lymphocytes and rodent fibroblasts.  (+info)

SR146131: a new potent, orally active, and selective nonpeptide cholecystokinin subtype 1 receptor agonist. II. In vivo pharmacological characterization. (4/878)

SR146131 is a potent and selective agonist at cholecystokinin subtype 1 (CCK1) receptors in vitro. The present study evaluates the activity of the compound in vivo. SR146131 completely inhibited gastric and gallbladder emptying in mice (ED50 of 66 and 2.7 micrograms/kg p.o., respectively). SR146131 dose dependently reduced food intake in fasted rats (from 0.1 mg/kg p.o.), in nonfasted rats in which food intake had been highly stimulated by the administration of neuropeptide Y (1-36) (from 0.3 mg/kg p.o.), in fasted gerbils (from 0.1 mg/kg p.o.), and in marmosets maintained on a restricted diet (from 3 mg/kg p.o.). SR146131 (10 mg/kg p.o.) also increased the number of Fos-positive cells in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus of rats. Locomotor activity of mice was reduced by orally administered SR146131 (from 0.3 mg/kg p.o.). When administered intrastriatally, SR146131 elicited contralateral turning behavior in mice. Furthermore, orally administered SR146131 (0.3-10 mg/kg), also reduced the levels of cerebellar cyclic GMP. Finally, SR146131 (0.1 microgram/kg to 1 mg/kg, p.o.) significantly and dose dependently antagonized fluphenazine-induced mouth movements in rats. The CCK1 antagonist SR27897B prevented all the effects of SR146131. Conversely, SR146131 was unable to elicit any agonist or antagonist effects in a model of CCK2 receptor stimulation in vivo. SR146131 is a very potent and selective nonpeptide CCK1 agonist in vivo. SR146131 is more potent than any other CCK1 agonists reported to date. Because pharmacodynamic studies suggest that SR146131 should have a high absolute bioavailability, it may be a promising drug for the treatment of eating and motor disorders in humans.  (+info)

The common marmoset as a target preclinical primate model for cytokine and gene therapy studies. (5/878)

Nonhuman primate models are useful to evaluate the safety and efficacy of new therapeutic modalities, including gene therapy, before the inititation of clinical trials in humans. With the aim of establishing safe and effective approaches to therapeutic gene transfer, we have been focusing on a small New World monkey, the common marmoset, as a target preclinical model. This animal is relatively inexpensive and easy to breed in limited space. First, we characterized marmoset blood and bone marrow progenitor cells (BMPCs) and showed that human cytokines were effective to maintain and stimulate in culture. We then examined their susceptibility to transduction by retroviral vectors. In a mixed culture system containing both marmoset stromal cells and retroviral producer cells, the transduction efficiency into BMPCs and peripheral blood progenitor cells (PBPCs) was 12% to 24%. A series of marmosets then underwent transplantation with autologous PBPCs transduced with a retroviral vector carrying the multidrug resistance 1 gene (MDR1) and were followed for the persistence of these cells in vivo. Proviral DNA was detectable by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in peripheral blood granulocytes and lymphocytes in the recipients of gene transduced progenitors up to 400 days posttransplantation. To examine the function of the MDR1 gene in vivo, recipient maromsets were challenged with docetaxel, an MDR effluxed drug, yet the overall level of gene transfer attained in vivo (<1% in peripheral blood granulocytes) was not sufficient to prevent the neutropenia induced by docetaxel treatment. Using this model, we safely and easily performed a series of in vivo studies in our small animal center. Our results show that this small nonhuman primate, the common marmoset, is a useful model for the evaluation of gene transfer methods targeting hematopoietic stem cells.  (+info)

Design and evaluation of a ZP3 peptide vaccine in a homologous primate model. (6/878)

The concept of a safe, immunocontraceptive vaccine using the zona pellucida glycoprotein 3 (ZP3) as an immunogen has been marred by the appearance of ovarian dysfunction in several species. However, careful selection of epitopes on mouse ZP3 have demonstrated that it is possible to segregate contraceptive bone marrow-derived (B)-cell epitopes from the cytotoxic thymus-derived (T)-cell epitopes thought to be responsible for inducing ovarian disease. B-cell epitopes on marmoset ZP3 (mstZP3) were identified by epitope mapping studies. Using a panel of polyclonal antibodies against recombinant mstZP3, an immunodominant epitope mstZP3(301-320) was identified. A chimeric peptide was co-linearly synthesized incorporating this sequence with a promiscuous tetanus toxoid T-helper cell epitope. Using the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) as an animal model, we have compared the consequences of active immunization with homologous recombinant mstZP3 and mstZP3(301-320) chimeric peptide vaccine. Long-term infertility was achieved using mstZP3 but at the expense of ovarian function. In contrast, no disruption to ovarian function was observed following mstZP3(301-320) immunization. Antibodies to this peptide immunolocalized to the zona pellucida of both marmoset and human ovarian sections and inhibited human sperm-zona binding by approximately 60% in vitro. However, in-vivo studies indicated that targeting a single ZP3 epitope was insufficient to reliably and consistently achieve a contraceptive effect.  (+info)

High efficiency gene transfer to the central nervous system of rodents and primates using herpes virus vectors lacking functional ICP27 and ICP34.5. (7/878)

The safe and efficient use of herpes simplex virus (HSV)-based vectors to deliver genes of potentially therapeutic benefit to the central nervous system will require their effective disablement by the inactivation of viral genes required for lytic growth. Here we report that viruses lacking functional genes for ICP27 (which is required for growth in all cell types) and ICP34.5 (which is required for growth in nondividing cell types) can deliver a marker gene to both the rodent and primate CNS with high efficiency whilst producing relatively minimal damage and having no effect on sodium currents in dorsal root ganglion neurons. Such viruses paradoxically deliver genes at much higher efficiency than the less disabled single mutant lacking ICP34.5 alone and also, as expected, produce less damage in vivo. Moreover, unlike the single mutant lacking ICP27 the double mutant viruses cannot revert to wild-type by acquistion of complimenting gene sequences during growth of virus stocks in vitro on dividing cells expressing ICP27 since artificial expression of ICP34.5 in these cells is not required. Such ICP27-; ICP34.5- viruses thus offer a platform for the development of vectors which are sufficiently safe for ultimate use in human gene therapy.  (+info)

Normal development of refractive state and ocular component dimensions in the marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). (8/878)

Refractive state and ocular dimensions were studied longitudinally in nine normal marmosets. Animals were anaesthetised and examined (with some exceptions) at 4, 6, 7, 8, 10, 15, 24 and 39 weeks of age. Cycloplegic retinoscopy showed that hyperopia early in life rapidly diminished. Refraction corrected for the artefact of retinoscopy stabilised by 8 weeks of age, but at a slightly myopic value, rather than at emmetropia. The ocular components continued to change throughout the period studied. Corneal radius, measured by photokeratometry, increased slightly during development. Anterior segment depth and vitreous chamber depth (VCD), measured by A-scan ultrasonography, increased throughout development while lens thickness initially increased and then decreased. Data from the eyes of these normal animals were compared with that from the contralateral eyes of animals which received short periods of monocular deprivation early in life (Troilo, D., & Judge S.J. (1993). Ocular development and visual deprivation myopia in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus jacchus). Vision Research, 33, 1311-24); eyes which viewed through no lens or a plano lens (Graham, B. & Judge, S.J. (1999)). The effects of spectacle wear in infancy on eye growth and refractive error in the marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). Vision Research, 39, 189-206), and eyes of normal animals in another colony. There were no significant differences between the first two groups and the normal animals in our colony while age-matched animals from the other colony were slightly but significantly less myopic than our animals.  (+info)

Synonyms for Callithrix jacchus in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for Callithrix jacchus. 12 words related to marmoset: New World monkey, platyrrhine, platyrrhinian, Callithricidae, family Callithricidae, true marmoset, Cebuella pygmaea.... What are synonyms for Callithrix jacchus?
The biobehavioral consequences of psychogenic stress were examined using neuroendocrine and ethological methods in a captive colony of common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus jacchus), Specifically, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis reactivity was evaluated as a function of gender and social status in four consecutive social environments [(I) stable heterosexual pairs; (2) isolation; (3) unstable peer groups; and (4) stable peer groups], by measuring both basal plasma cortisol, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and P-endorphin concentrations and responsiveness of these hormones to dex
To explore the potential of the common marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus) as a model for human plasma lipoprotein metabolism, several marmoset apolipoproteins were isolated and characterized in this study. Based on several properties, including molecular weight, amino acid composition, and sequence, the marmoset apolipoproteins are strikingly similar to human apolipoprotein (apo) A-I, A-II, C-III, and A-IV. The first 54 residues of marmoset apo A-I showed 87% sequence identity with the corresponding region of human apo A-I. Amino-terminal sequence analysis of a minor basic apo A-I isoform revealed that it contained an amino-terminal hexapeptide extension (Arg-His-Phe-Gln-Gln-) identical to that found in human proapo A-I. Like apo A-II in most nonhuman primates, marmoset apo-A-II differed from human apo A-II in that it did not contain cysteine and therefore existed as a monomer. The complete amino acid sequence of marmoset apo A-II was deduced. The protein contains 77 amino acids, as does human ...
The genome of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) represents the first sequenced and analyzed New World monkey (NWM, platyrrhine) genome. C. jacchus is also a common animal model for studying human disease, including neuroscience and infectious diseases. In its draft genome assembly [calJac3.2], we identified a novel mobile element, dubbed Platy-1.. Based on our comparative analyses, we determined that Platy-1 elements are unique to NWMs. A full-length Platy-1 element is just over 100 bp in length and does not appear to contain coding sequence. Platy-1 elements exhibit facets such as termination in an Adenosine tail of varying length, target site duplications, and an endonuclease cleavage site characteristic of non-LTR retrotransposons. The combination of these features strongly suggests that Platy-1 elements are inserted in the genome by the enzymatic machinery of L1 through a mechanism called target-primed reverse transcription. Based on our whole genome analysis, we determine that the C. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Topography of claustrum and insula projections to medial prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortices of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). AU - Reser, David H.. AU - Majka, Piotr. AU - Snell, Shakira. AU - Chan, Jonathan M.H.. AU - Watkins, Kirsty. AU - Worthy, Katrina. AU - Del Mar Quiroga, Maria. AU - Rosa, Marcello G.P.. PY - 2017/4/15. Y1 - 2017/4/15. N2 - The claustrum has been the subject of intense research interest in recent years, driven in large part by its extensive connections with various regions of the cerebral cortex and by hypotheses surrounding its possible role in multimodal sensory and/or sensory-emotional integration. Here we employed neuroanatomical tracers to map projections from the claustrum-insular region to the medial prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex of the common marmoset (Callithrx jacchus). These areas were selected based on their identification as "hub" areas of the default mode and cortical salience networks, respectively. ...
The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is a New World primate sharing many similarities with humans. Recently developed technology for generating transgenic marmosets has opened new avenues for faithful recapitulation of human diseases, which could not be achieved in rodent models. However, the longer lifespan of common marmosets compared with rodents may result in an extended period for in vivo analysis of common marmoset disease models. Therefore, establishing rapid and efficient techniques for obtaining neuronal cells from transgenic individuals that enable in vitro analysis of molecular mechanisms underlying diseases are required. Recently, several groups have reported on methods, termed direct reprogramming, to generate neuronal cells by defined factors from somatic cells of various kinds of species, including mouse and human. The aim of the present study was to determine whether direct reprogramming technology was applicable to common marmosets. Common marmoset induced neuronal (cjiN) cells with
There is an ever-increasing need for animal models to evaluate efficacy and safety of new therapeutics in the field of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Particularly for the early preclinical evaluation of human-specific biologicals targeting the progressive phase of the disease, there is a need for relevant animal models. In response to this requirement we set out to develop a model of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in a small-sized nonhuman primate species (300 to 400 g at adult age); that is, the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). Twenty-two animals divided into three experiments were immunized with collagen type II (CII) of either bovine or chicken origin with different immunization strategies. The animals were analyzed for clinical manifestation of arthritis, hematology and clinical chemistry, immunological responses against CII and histopathological features of the arthritis. Clinically manifest arthritis was observed in almost 100% (21 out of 22) of the animals. Fifty percent of the animals
Hodges, J.K.; Henderson, C.; Hearn, J.P., 1983: Relationship between ovarian and placental steroid production during early pregnancy in the marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus)
TY - JOUR. T1 - Isolation of an arenavirus from a marmoset with callitrichid hepatitis and its serologic association with disease. AU - Stephensen, C. B.. AU - Jacob, J. R.. AU - Montali, R. J.. AU - Holmes, K. V.. AU - Muchmore, E.. AU - Compans, R. W.. AU - Arms, E. D.. AU - Buchmeier, M. J.. AU - Lanford, R. E.. PY - 1991/1/1. Y1 - 1991/1/1. N2 - Callitrichid hepatitis (CH) is an acute, often fatal viral infection of New World primates from the family Callitrichidae. The etiologic agent of CH is unknown. We report here the isolation of an arenavirus from a common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) with CH by using in vitro cultures of marmoset hepatocytes and Vero-E6 cells. Enveloped virions 67 to 133 nm in diameter with ribosomelike internal structures were seen in infected cultures. Immunofluorescence and Western immunoblot analysis using CH-specific antisera (principally from animals exposed to CH during zoo outbreaks) revealed three antigens in cells infected with this CH-associated virus ...
The remarkable clinical efficacy of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis points at the critical involvement of B cells in the disease. However, the exact pathogenic contribution of B cells is poorly understood. In this publication we review new data on the role of CD20+ B cells in a unique experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus), a small-bodied neotropical primate. We will also discuss the relevance of these data for MS. Different from rodent EAE models, but similar to MS, disease progression in marmosets can develop independent of autoantibodies. Progressive disease is mediated by MHC class Ib (Caja-E) restricted cytotoxic T cells, which are activated by γ-herpesvirus-infected B cells and cause widespread demyelination of cortical gray matter. B-cell directed monoclonal antibody therapies (anti-CD20 versus anti-BLyS and anti-APRIL) have a variable effect on EAE progression, which we found ...
View all domain architectures containing the Transcription factor IIA (TFIIA), beta-barrel domain domain in Callithrix jacchus 76_3.2.1.
Purpose: We established an experimental glaucoma model in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus).. Methods: Chronic intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation was induced by laser trabeculoplasty twice at 2-week intervals in the left eyes of 4 common marmosets. IOP was measured before and at 4, 7, 8, 11, 13 weeks after first laser treatment, and ophthalmoscopic examinations were also performed. At 13 weeks after laser treatment, each eye was enucleated, and retinal cross-sections and optic nerve were prepared for histological examination.. Results: IOP was persistently elevated to over 30 mmHg in laser-treated eyes during 13 weeks in 3 marmosets, but IOP in one marmoset was transiently increased to 26.6 mmHg at 7 weeks and then declined to normal level in the fellow eye. In ophthalmoscopy, deepened and enlarged optic disc cupping, depending on the extent of IOP elevation and duration, were observed in laser-treated eyes of 3 marmosets with persistent IOP elevation, but there was no apparent change ...
ID CALJA14_21_PE9 STANDARD; PRT; 205 AA. AC CALJA14_21_PE9; DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 1, Created) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 2, Last sequence update) DT 00-JAN-0000 (Rel. 3, Last annotation update) DE Flags: Fragments; DE (CALJA14_21.PE9). OS CALLITHRIX JACCHUS. OC Eukaryota; Metazoa; Eumetazoa; Bilateria; Coelomata; Deuterostomia; OC Chordata; Craniata; Vertebrata; Gnathostomata; Teleostomi; Euteleostomi; OC Sarcopterygii; Tetrapoda; Amniota; Mammalia; Theria; Eutheria; OC Euarchontoglires; Primates; Haplorrhini; Simiiformes; Platyrrhini; Cebidae; OC Callitrichinae; Callithrix. OX NCBI_TaxID=9483; RN [0] RP -.; RG -.; RL -.; CC -!- SEQ. DATA ORIGIN: Translated from the HOGENOM CDS CALJA14_21.PE9. CC Callithrix jacchus chromosome 14 C_jacchus3.2.1 partial sequence CC 19146825..20146824 annotated by Ensembl CC -!- GENE_FAMILY: HOG000113259 [ FAMILY / ALN / TREE ] DR HOGENOM:Callithrix_jacchus;ENSCJAG00000035456;ENSCJAT00000054281;ENSCJAP00000048149. DR HOGENOMDNA; CALJA14_21.PE9; -. KW ...
Dengue virus (DENV) is one of the major infectious diseases in tropical regions and approximately half of the world population is at risk of infection. Vaccines would offer an effective control measure against this disease. We previously reported on the utility of marmosets as an animal model for studying primary and secondary dengue infections. Infected marmosets consistently develop viraemia and antibody kinetics that reflect those of patients with dengue. Thus, it is important to determine the utility of marmosets as an animal model for demonstrating vaccine efficacy. In this study, marmosets were inoculated with candidate vaccine and parent strains and challenged with a clinical DENV strain. The viraemia and antibody kinetics in these marmosets were determined. Marmosets consistently develop lower viraemia with an attenuated vaccine strain. During secondary challenge, the IgM response was delayed, whereas the IgG levels rose rapidly, indicating a secondary antibody response. The neutralizing
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Prenatal androgen exposure and parental care interact to influence timing of reproductive maturation in marmosets. AU - Huffman, Michelle C.. AU - Santo, Jonathan B.. AU - French, Jeffrey A.. PY - 2017/2/1. Y1 - 2017/2/1. N2 - The timing of reproductive maturation is susceptible to hormonal and environmental influences, and variation in this timing can be partially attributed to the prenatal and post-natal environment. We examined associations between prenatal steroid exposure and the post-natal family environment on the variability in reproductive maturation timing in young marmosets (Callithrix geoffroyi). Urine samples from pregnant females were analyzed for cortisol (CORT) and androgens (uA). Post-natal uA was measured in males to determine age (in days) of adult-like levels of androgens associated with spermatogenesis; post-natal pregnanediol glucuronide (PdG) was measured in females to determine age (in days) of first ovulation. Maternal, paternal, alloparental, and total ...
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a non-enveloped, double-stranded DNA virus. HPV infect mucoal and cutaneous epithelium resulting in several types of pathologies, most notably, cervical cancer. All types of HPV share a common genomic structure and encode eight proteins: E1, E2, E4, E5, E6, and E7 (early) and L1 and L2 (late). It has been demonstrated that E1 and E2 are involved in viral transcription and replication. The functions of the E4 protein is not yet fully understood. E5, E6, and E7 act as oncoproteins. E5 inhibits the V-ATPase, prolonging EGFR signaling and thereby promoting cell proliferation. The expression of E6 and E7 not only inhibits the tumor suppressors p53 and Rb, but also alters additional signalling pathways. Among these pathways, PI3K/Akt signalling cascade plays a very important role in HPV-induced carcinogenesis. The L1 and L2 proteins form icosahedral capsids for progeny virion generation ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
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Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. i-ii, 1-824 pp doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.542: pages 27-28. ...
Axon, Axons, Dextran, Future, Injection, Neurons, Rat, Thalamus, Association, Autism, Birth, Callithrix, Callithrix Jacchus, Cell, Cells, Common Marmoset, Dendrites, Dendritic Spines, Growth, Marmoset
Ps1-09-1 Beside hydrophilic also hydrophobic residues of the hinge region of the TSHR are involved in receptor signaling and hormone binding Mueller S.1, Kleinau G.2, Jaeschke H.1, Krause G.2, Paschke R.1 , 1Leipzig, 2Berlin Delicate superovulation of the common marmoset monkey Müller T.1, Hupfeld T.2, Gromoll J.3, Simoni M.4, Behr r.2 , 1Hannover, 2Göttingen, 3Münster, 4Modena Expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) Dilly M.1, Shenavai S.2, Hambruch N.1, Schuler G.2, Özalp G.3, Seyrek-Intas K.3, Pfarrer C.1 , 1Hannover, 2gießen, 3Bursa Oral administration of the heavy metal cadmium results in a stimulation of estrogen Höfer N.1, Degen g.h.2, Wilhelm M.3, Wittsiepe J.3, Diel P.1 , 1Köln, 2Dortmund, 3Bochum The regulation of the activity of human insulin degrading enzyme by insulin and Pivovarova O.1, Rudovich N.2, Pfeiffer A.F.H.1 , 1Berlin, 2Nuthetal Ps1-09-6 PIP-hBTC: A new transgenic mouse line with β-cell-specific overexpression of Grzech ...
The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is a small-bodied Neotropical primate and a useful preclinical animal model for translational research into autoimmune-mediated inflammatory disea...
Old World monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans and apes than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many Old World monkeys in its scientific collections.
Neubert R, Jacob-Muller U, et al. Polyhalogenated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans and the immune system. 2. In vitro effects of, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on lymphocytes of venous blood from man and a non-human primate (Callithrix jacchus). Arch Toxicol. 1991;65:213-9 ...
Mus musculus; Rattus norvegicus; Callithrix jacchus; Hippocampus; Stratum lacunosum-moleculare; Entorhinal cortex; Piriform cortex; Episodic-like memory; Radial arm maze; GABAergic interneurons; PolyIC; Neuroinflammation; 3xTg-AD mice; SynGAP; GFAP; Dab1; F4/80; Immunohistochemistry; Alzheimers ...
Studies in several species, including primates, indicate that the GnRH neurons begin to control pituitary gonadotropin secretion from mid- to late-embryogenesis [47,48]. As such, it is not surprising that GnRH neurons control the postnatal testosterone surge in primates. Experiments in monkeys using a GnRH receptor antagonist to block endogenous GnRH-dependent gonadotropin secretion clearly demonstrate that the neonatal testosterone surge is dependent on GnRH signalling. In non-human primates, the neonatal elevation in plasma testosterone levels persists for approximately three months. Peripheral administration of the GnRH receptor antagonist, Antide, on days 0, 3, 7, and then weekly from birth to 98 days of age in male marmoset monkeys completely abolished the neonatal rise in testosterone [10]. Furthermore, in humans, male babies with defective or absent GnRH secretion fail to exhibit the postnatal testosterone rise [47].. Investigations in mice demonstrate that communication between the ...
The Brain/MINDS (Brain Mapping by Integrated Neurotechnologies for Disease Studies) is a Japanese project sponsored by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology of Japan (MEXT). The project was launched in June 2014. The Brain/MINDS Project studies focuses on three areas: The study of the brain of the common marmoset - a non-human primate. This is led by Hideyuki Okano of the RIKEN Brain Science Institute and the Keio University School of Medicine. Developing technologies for brain mapping; led by Atsushi Miyawaki, also of the RIKEN Brain Science Institute. Human brain mapping. This is led by Kiyoto Kasai of the University of Tokyos Graduate School of Medicine. Cyranoski, David (2014-10-08). "Marmosets are stars of Japans ambitious brain project". Nature. Springer Nature. Retrieved 2017-04-04. Okano, Hideyuki; Miyawaki, Atsushi; Kasai, Kiyoto (2015-03-30). "Brain/MINDS: brain-mapping project in Japan". Philosohphical Transactions of the Royal Society B - Biological ...
487F,Refining,the,genetic,effects,of,obesity-,,dyslipidemia-,,blood,pressure-,,hematology-associated,variants,on,abdominal,anthropometric,measurements,by,constitution,types.,S.,Cha,,H.,Yu,,J.,Y.,Kim.,488F,Searching,for,adaptive,introgression,favorable,alleles,in,Yemeni,populations.,A.,Hodgson,,R.,L.,Raaum,,M.,Al-Meeri,,C.,Mulligan.,489F,Association,PCSK1,rs6235,with,cardiovascular,disease,risks,relation,to,neck,circumference,Koreans.,Kim,,Cha.,490F,TNF-,α,gene,neurological,manifestations,dengue,Rondonia,population.,D.,Delani,,Andrade-Casseb,,Cantanhede,,Krauze,,Simões,,Guimarães,,Farias.,491F,The,paternal,and,grand-paternal,age,telomere,length,Cebu,,Philippines.,T.,Eisenberg,,B.,Borja,,W.,Kuzawa,,G.,Hayes.,492F,mobilome,Callithrix,jacchus,(the,common,marmoset).,K.,Konkel,,Walker,,Ullmer,,Q.,Wang,,Hubley,,F.,Smit,,Batzer,,Marmoset,Genome,Sequencing,Analysis,Consortium.,493F,PDE4B,is,a,high,myopia,susceptibility,likely,downregulating,collagen,synthesis,sclera.,Chen,,X.,Zhou,,Li,,Qu,,Zeng.,Psychiatric
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Birgit Westernströer, Daniel Langenstroth, Sabine Kliesch, Britta Troppmann, Klaus Redmann, Joni Macdonald, Rod Mitchell, Joachim Wistuba, Stefan Schlatt, Nina Neuhaus].
Whole brain neuroanatomy using tera-voxel light-microscopic data sets is of much current interest. A fundamental problem in this field is the mapping of individual brain datasets to a reference space. Previous work has not rigorously quantified in-vivo to ex-vivo distortions in brain geometry from tissue processing. Further, existing approaches focus on registering uni-modal volumetric data; however, given the increasing interest in the marmoset model for neuroscience research and the importance of addressing individual brain architecture variations, new algorithms are necessary to cross-register multimodal datasets including MRIs and multiple histological series. Here we present a computational approach for same-subject multimodal MRI-guided reconstruction of a series of consecutive histological sections, jointly with diffeomorphic mapping to a reference atlas. We quantify the scale change during different stages of brain histological processing using the Jacobian determinant of the ...
Goat polyclonal Iba1 antibody. Validated in WB, IHC, ICC, EM, ICC/IF and tested in Rat, Rabbit, Guinea pig, Cow, Dog, Human, Common marmoset. Cited in 397 publication(s). Independently reviewed in 82…
Affiliation:独立行政法人国立病院機構(九州がんセンター臨床研究センター),その他部局等,血液内科医長、(併)細胞治療科医長, Research Field:Hematology,Gastroenterology, Keywords:scl,IL-2,NOGマウス,Tal1,コモンマーモセット,特異的活性化リンパ球,cyclophosphamide,Common marmoset,アデノウイルスベクター,cDNA expression library, # of Research Projects:2, # of Research Products:3
Three Pygmy Marmoset monkeys, including a tiny four-week-old baby, have been stolen from Symbio Wildlife Park in Helensburgh, south of Sydney.
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I played this piece on an eight foot flute through the Choir divisions antiphonal speakers. Since they were far away I couldnt hear them so I coupled them to the Great and added this little marimba so that I could play to that. The people in the pews heard the flute and some thought they heard a chiff coming from the front. This recording pretty much only picked up the marimba since the camera microphone was closer to the MIDI speaker ...
Red-green color vision in primates: Hominoids and Old World monkeys have two X-linked genes encoding the red and green opsins. With the exception of New World (NW) monkeys, it appears that all mammalian species have only one locus that encodes either red or green opsins (Radlwimmer and Yokoyama 1997, 1998). Most NW monkeys also have one red-green opsin locus (however, see Jacobset al. 1996), but this locus is polymorphic and contains three different alleles (Mollonet al. 1984; Neitzet al. 1991; Huntet al. 1998). In these species, all males are red-green color blind, but females are either color blind or trichromatic depending on the allelic compositions. Using ERG and MSP, three different allelic pigments have been identified in capuchin monkey (Cebus nigrivittatus; P537, P550, and P562: Jacobs and Neitz 1987a), in marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus jacchus; P543, P556, and P563; Traviset al. 1988; Toveeet al. 1992), in squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus; P533-P538, P544-P551, and P559-P565; ...
##VEEV MARMOSET MODEL## Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) is a potentially re-emerging pathogen that has been responsible for several epizootics and epidemics. VEEV is also of interest due to its high infectivity when aerosolized, and its
The fanged frog Limnonetces kuhlii is known to be cryptic as seen in the dynamic of species delineation among the complexes. Yet no historical demographic and genetic structure has been fully documented for this species. We investigate historical events, diversification and dispersal of the Bornean Limnonectes kuhlii Complex via Mitochondrial DNA of partial 16S rRNA. Haplotype graphical network, demographic history, neutrality test and population subdivision analysis were used to assess population genetic of the species. Two haplogroups were detected distinct within population and panmictic from East and West of Lupar gap (Batang Ai). The Lupar gap has become the geographical barrier that restricts gene flow from western and eastern populations. Ragged multimodal mismatch distribution, long terminal branches and high mutational site of network showing population in Sarawak and Sabah were rarely migrate and low gene flow. Surprisingly, most of L. kuhlii population showed population constriction ...
Callithrix jaccus excellently. In evolutionary conditions, positive selection happened after divergence in go for pathways of marmosets associated with twinning and body size mainly, which didnt are the genes with this research (Marmoset Genome et al., 2014). The coding parts of each gene in macaques had been in comparison to related genes and a distinctive region was determined without homology. The prospective series was packed into Primer Express software program after that, which selects the primers for ideal qRT-PCR. The primers had been from Invitrogen Existence Technologies. Immediate comparison of homology between marmosets and macaques had not been discovered. However, macaques possess 97.5% and marmosets possess 93.8% exonic series homology with human beings, so the series homology between macaques and marmosets ought to be quite high (Sierens et al., 2004). The primers used are demonstrated in Desk 1. Desk 1 Primer sequences found in qRT-PCR reactions with related info. The primers ...
The effect of the anxiolytic agent, diazepam (Valium ®) was evaluated in four male marmosets using a pharmacologically induced model of anxiety. The four marmosets were administered with 1.25 mg/kg of the anxiogenic agent FG7142, and were subsequently administered with 0.3, 1.0, or 3.0 mg/kg IM of diazepam according to a Latin square design. Thirty minutes after this combined treatment, the marmosets were placed in an observation chamber that contained a perch and screen mesh wall to climb on as well as each marmosets home cage nest box. This nest box was provided as a familiar environment to which the marmoset could retreat. The marmosets behaviors were videotaped for 15 min for subsequent coding and analysis. A trained observer, unaware of the particular drug treatment, coded the taped session. The results indicate that pharmacologically induced anxiety by FG7142 has a significant effect on the position of the marmoset within the cage. FG7142 reduces the time climbing on the screen of the wall and
Publishers Description: Scientific discoveries about the animal kingdom fuel ideological battles on many fronts, especially battles about sex and gender. We now know that male marmosets help take care of their offspring. Is this heartening news for todays stay-at-home dads? Recent studies show that many female birds once . . . [more] ...
A recent study published in the November issue of the journal Aging showed minimal metabolic side effects after continuous, long-term treatment with encapsulated rapamycin in a marmoset (monkey) model. Results lead to new research grant to study efficacy.
Baby marmosets that were introduced to solid food at a young age are more likely to become obese, and to eat larger quantities of food if given the chance, according to a new study. This early-life obesity resulted in a host of metabolic changes, including insulin resistance, a hallmark of type 2 diabetes. "With its small size and early maturation, we think the marmoset is going to be an exceptionally good model of early life obesity and offers many opportunities to further explore why youngsters become obese," said Suzette D. Tardif, associate professor of cellular and structural biology at the University of Texas-San Antonio School of Medicine. Tardifs team had noticed obesity patterns began at a young age in these small monkeys, and wanted to test whether marmosets could become overweight by simply eating more. Tardif found that patterns leading to obesity begin very early in young marmosets, around 30 days of age. A month-old marmoset is equivalent to a 5- to 8-month-old human. The ...
Hsu, Eric C. et al "A Single Amino Acid Change in the Hemagglutinin Protein of Measles Virus Determines Its Ability To Bind CD46 and Reveals Another Receptor on Marmoset B Cells." Journal of Virology 72.4 (1998): 2905-2916. Web. 06 April. 2020. ...
Marmoset IFN-gamma ELISA kit (5 plate). The U-CyTech sandwich ELISA kits have been developed for cytokine determinations in culture supernatant, serum and plasma. The kit is supplied with all necessary reagents to perform 480 ELISA determinations. Cytokines are a group of regulatory proteins critically involved in many physiological processes such as immune recognition, cell differentiation and cell proliferation. They have been identified in many vertebrate species and are produced by a variety of different cell types. Cytokines are usually produced transiently and locally, acting in a paracrine or autocrine manner. They interact with high affinity cell surface receptors specific for each cytokine or cytokine group and are active at very low concentrations mostly in the picogram range. It is well known now that the type of an antigen-specific immune response largely depends on the selection or preferential activation of defined CDM|sub|4|sup|+ T cell subsets (i.e. Th1 and Th2). Activation of these
Onry Ozzborn, Michael Martinez, better known by his stage name Onry Ozzborn, is a rapper and producer based in Seattle, Washington. As a founding member of alternative hip hop groups Grayskul and Dark Time Sunshine, Ozzborns flow is a direct descendant of hip hops
This reminds me of my friend Jays marmoset, Chonga. Shes adorable. And she loooooves anything shiny. She used to try to pull the stud out of my nostril piercing all the time ...
Patent and pathologic infections of the human hookworm Necator americanus were established in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). In a pilot study, a laboratory strain of N. americanus was compared with a fresh field isolate. Pathology was more severe in animals infected with a fresh isolate. In all animals, infection was associated with increased total plasma IgE and production of IgG specific to adult worm excretory/secretory (ES) products. Histamine was released by basophils in response to IgE, ES products, and a recombinant hookworm allergen, calreticulin. The pilot study indicated the potential of this animal model of hookworm infection and led us to investigate the consequences of infecting a further cohort with the fresh field isolate. This second study confirmed our initial findings, that it is possible to investigate the human hookworm N. americanus in a model exhibiting many of the characteristics of the immunology of hookworm infection in its definitive host.
Oxytocin is critical for lactation and maternal care, but oxytocin and the related nonapeptide vasopressin are important for caregiving behaviors in fathers and alloparents as well. This experiment tested the effects of vasopressin and oxytocin on food sharing in marmoset families. We treated caregivers (parents, siblings) with intranasal vasopressin, oxytocin, or saline, and then paired them with the youngest marmoset in the family. Caregivers were given preferred food, and then observed for food sharing and aggressive behavior with young marmosets. Oxytocin reduced food sharing from male alloparents to youngest siblings, and fathers that received vasopressin refused to share food with their youngest offspring more often than when treated with oxytocin. Vasopressin increased aggressive vocalizations directed toward potential food recipients in all classes of caregivers. These results indicate that vasopressin and oxytocin do not always enhance prosocial behavior: modulation of food sharing depends on
Primate research animal. Baby marmoset monkey (Callithrix sp.) held in the gloved hands of a researcher, which was bred in captivity. This monkey may be used to study primate behaviour & biology, the development & transmission of human diseases, or to test novel drugs. Photographed at the New England Regional Primate Research Centre, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts, USA. - Stock Image G352/0189
Brasselet, R., Panzeri, S., Logothetis, N. K., & Kayser, C. (2012). Neurons with stereotyped and rapid responses provide a reference frame for relative temporal coding in primate auditory cortex. J Neurosci, 32(9), 2998-3008. doi:10.1523/jneurosci.5435- ...
Quah et al. measured the level of gene expression for genes encoding serotonin transporters - the protein tasked with cleaning up serotonin after its release - and those encoding receptors in marmosets. The researchers focused on brain areas involved in emotional processing, such as the amygdala and prefrontal cortex. Marmosets with greater trait anxiety had high levels of gene expression for serotonin transporters in their amygdalae. The research team administered selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), a common anxiety medication, directly into the amygdalae of anxious marmosets. This provided immediate symptom relief - an effect that normally takes several weeks to appear if the drug is taken orally.. Reference: "Trait Anxiety Mediated by Amygdala Serotonin Transporter in the Common Marmoset" by S.K.L Quah, L. McIver, A.C. Roberts and A.M. Santangelo, 11 May 2020, JNeurosci ...
This photograph, which serves as a coda to Sigrid Nunezs wonderful book Mitz: The Marmoset of Bloomsbury, about Virginia and Leonard Woolfs pet marmoset, strikes me as the kind of image W.G. Sebald would have used. Its evidential value is about nil. Try as I might I really cannot say for sure where the marmoset…
Before I head for Utah, let me direct your attention to two articles of mine in tomorrows New York Times. They dont have a whole lot in common except they are examples of cool biology…. 1. Virus traps. Heres a case where ecology, evolution, and medicine all come together in an intriguing mix. You can think of any population of animals, plants, or other organisms as a leaky bucket under a running faucet. The population is boosted by sources of new individuals, and drained by sinks. Sources may include rapidly reproducing individuals, or immigrants from other populations. Sinks include the death of individuals in the population, or their failure to reproduce. Source-sink dynamics are important to ecologists, in part because the survival of a species may depend on sinks not draining its populations faster than its sources can restock them. Humans can create new sinks that tip this balance. If a forest is reduced to fragments, seeds that drift out into the surrounding farmland may be unable to ...
Author: Kayser, C et al.; Genre: Journal Article; Published in Print: 2009-12; Title: Multisensory interactions in primate auditory cortex: fMRI and electrophysiology
OR ((animals[tiab] OR animal[tiab] OR mice[Tiab] OR mus[Tiab] OR mouse[Tiab] OR murine[Tiab] OR woodmouse[tiab] OR rats[Tiab] OR rat[Tiab] OR murinae[Tiab] OR muridae[Tiab] OR cottonrat[tiab] OR cottonrats[tiab] OR hamster[tiab] OR hamsters[tiab] OR cricetinae[tiab] OR rodentia[Tiab] OR rodent[Tiab] OR rodents[Tiab] OR pigs[Tiab] OR pig[Tiab] OR swine[tiab] OR swines[tiab] OR piglets[tiab] OR piglet[tiab] OR boar[tiab] OR boars[tiab] OR "sus scrofa"[tiab] OR ferrets[tiab] OR ferret[tiab] OR polecat[tiab] OR polecats[tiab] OR "mustela putorius"[tiab] OR "guinea pigs"[Tiab] OR "guinea pig"[Tiab] OR cavia[Tiab] OR callithrix[Tiab] OR marmoset[Tiab] OR marmosets[Tiab] OR cebuella[Tiab] OR hapale[Tiab] OR octodon[Tiab] OR chinchilla[Tiab] OR chinchillas[Tiab] OR gerbillinae[Tiab] OR gerbil[Tiab] OR gerbils[Tiab] OR jird[Tiab] OR jirds[Tiab] OR merione[Tiab] OR meriones[Tiab] OR rabbits[Tiab] OR rabbit[Tiab] OR hares[Tiab] OR hare[Tiab] OR diptera[Tiab] OR flies[Tiab] OR fly[Tiab] OR dipteral[Tiab] OR ...
An Microsphaera penicillata[1] in uska species han Fungi in nahilalakip ha divisio nga Ascomycota, ngan nga syahan ginhulagway ni Carl Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wallroth, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Joseph-Henri Léveillé hadton 1851. An Microsphaera penicillata in nahilalakip ha genus nga Microsphaera, ngan familia nga Erysiphaceae.[2][3] Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista.[2]. ...
Saguinus oedipus.,The cotton-top tamarin is native to the tropical rainforests of Columbia, South America. Named for the white wisps of hair located on its head, this species is arboreal spending much of its time in the canopy foraging. Cotton-top tamarins are primarily insectivorous, but also feed ...
Supplier: BioLegend • Clone Number: [M5E2] • Crossreactivity: Chimpanzee, Cynomolgus, Rhesus, Capuchin Monkey, Cotton-topped Tamarin, Pigtailed Macaque, Common Marmoset, Squirrel Monkey, Bo, Sh, Pg, ...
In some patients with blood cell cancer, the protein c-CBL was found to be mutated. c-CBL has also been shown to be expressed by human testicular stem cells, which produce the spermatozoa. Based on these finding, we asked whether c-CBL may be a protein generally involved in the functioning of stem cells. While we could not detect c-CBL in stem cells of the gut, strong expression was found in pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) of the marmoset monkey, suggesting a role of c-CBL in primate PSCs. Hide ...
Sell Atlas of the Spinal Cord: Mouse, Rat, Rhesus, Marmoset, and Human, by Sengul - ISBN 9780123978769 - Ship for free! - Bookbyte
Falling backward to the sounds of post-punk art, mid-west boredom and sickle cells, Marmoset start behind us in the game though finish first. Known to double-jump their contemporaries, hurdle guitars, drop the drums and land left of center, Marmoset sits either in the foul box or the winners circle. Hated by the ass-backward hicks who threw 80 cent drafts at the chicken wire fence, Marmoset managed to persevere. Thankfully some bar slugs began to realize a song can miss the two-minute mark and still contain decades-worth of songwriting genius. Comprised of sounds from the past, present and virtual future, hiddenforbidden surprises and confuses. No other group of abused, self-debasing musicians could have created a recording so genuine ...
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It semantically new; and here download The how. supporting the locus to we: Social digging bible in filters. Massey University, New Zealand.
New World monkeys are small to mid-sized primates, ranging from the pygmy marmoset (the worlds smallest monkey), at 14 to 16 cm (5.5 to 6.5 in) and a weight of 120 to 190 g (4.2 to 6.7 oz), to the southern muriqui, at 55 to 70 cm (22 to 28 in) and a weight of 12 to 15 kg (26 to 33 lb). New World monkeys differ slightly from Old World monkeys in several aspects. The most prominent phenotypic distinction is the nose, which is the feature used most commonly to distinguish between the two groups. The clade for the New World monkeys, Platyrrhini, means "flat nosed". The noses of New World monkeys are flatter than the narrow noses of the Old World monkeys, and have side-facing nostrils. New World monkeys are the only monkeys with prehensile tails-in comparison with the shorter, non-grasping tails of the anthropoids of the Old World.. New World monkeys (except for the howler monkeys of genus Alouatta)[5] also typically lack the trichromatic vision of Old World monkeys.[6] Colour vision in New World ...
Looking for online definition of New World monkey in the Medical Dictionary? New World monkey explanation free. What is New World monkey? Meaning of New World monkey medical term. What does New World monkey mean?
Distribution: Found only in a stretch of coastal rainforests, southwest of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, mainly in the Poco das Antas Reserve.. Habitat: Areas of primary forest, that is forest that has not been affected by human interference.. Description: Squirrel-sized monkey with long, silky reddish-brown fur. A lion-like mane frames its face. Bare face with pinky-purple skin. Large round eyes and a snub nose.. Life-span: 10-15 years in captivity.. Size: length: head and body 34-40cm, tail 26-38cm. weight: 630-710g.. Food: Fruit, flowers, gums and nectars of plants, insects, snails, frogs, lizards and birds eggs.. Tamarins and marmosets are the smallest monkeys (primates) in the world. There are 8 marmosets and 14 tamarins in the family. The pygmy marmoset is the smallest monkey of all and is 14cm long, weighing only 90g. The golden lion tamarin is the largest and related to the golden headed and golden rumped tamarins - all are among the most endangered of all mammals.. Read More: Family Life ...
In this study, we developed a MAb that recognizes both FRα and FRβ (anti-FRαβ). The anti-FRαβ specifically stained trophoblasts and macrophages from human placenta, synovial macrophages from rheumatoid arthritis patient, liver macrophages from cynomolgus monkey and common marmoset, and cancer cells and tumor-associated macrophages from ovary and lung carcinomas. Su...
In both Old World and New World monkeys Mhc- DRB sequences have been found which resemble human DRB1*03 and DRB3 genes in their second exon. The resemblance is shared sequence motifs and clustering
Marmoset iPS cells growing in feeder-free culture. (a) An iPS cell line derived by coinfection with four retroviruses (B8 cell line [25]). Cells are growing in
New World monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans, apes and Old World monkeys than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institutions Division of Mammals ( http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/ ) houses many New World monkeys in its scientific collections.
ELISA tests for Human, Old World Monkey, New World Monkey, Mouse and Rat. U-Cytech has already developed and validated ELISA tests for several important marmoset cytokines, such as IFN-γ, TNF-α ...
The callitrichids are non-human primates that feed on insects and plant matter in nature, but in captivity, they are fed mostly an artificial diet containing amounts of gluten, in their toxic forms in items such as wheat, barley and rye. The aim of this research was to estimate the blood β-defensin and Toll like receptor 5 (TLR5) gene expressions and to analyze the stool consistency (firm, soft, d ...
Hybridoma technology is used to fuse fusion a B cell and myeloma to form a hybridoma that produces identical monoclonal antibodies.
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The discovery of marmoset vocal variations indicates primate language may be more complicated than previously thought, according to a new study.
Ensure that the classification is hip of economic and strengthen resources within the community and refer them to the Patriotic Kidney Foundation. After all this conflict has been handled close to the Hopf corps about noting that the experiments reported in the papers of 2002a and 2004 very tenable had hushed MEG signals compared to those arising in the 2000 paper. Medicine tests loosely price in the $50-$70 [url=http://thewelcomecentre.org/documents/practice7/mode3/]cheap 25mg clomid with amex[/url] breast cancer backgrounds. Nickla DL, Wildsoet C, Wallman J (1998) The circadian timing in intraocular stress, axial at long last, and choroidal thickness in a primate original percipience flowering, the plain marmoset. It is generally not a enigma because of older children because the bacteria do not grow well in refine intestines necessary to the presence of the normal intestinal flora. Videos for the treadmills are the classes in seeable metier ...
How do you explain the discovery of the new world by Europeans? Was it an accident, good luck, or the result of a more complex set of.
Ferro-anthophyllite. Comments: TEM image showing a small percentage of Pnma ferroanthophyllite of similar composition is present as thin slabs intergrown parallel to (100) of grunerite and as individual -size crystals ...
We examined the structure-function relationships that underlie the aerobic capacities of marsupial mammals that hop. Marsupials have relatively low basal metabolic rates (BMR) and historically were seen as low energy mammals. However, the red kangaroo, Macropus rufus, (Family Macropodidae) has aerobic capacities equivalent to athletic placentals. It has an extreme aerobic scope (fAS) and its large locomotor muscles feature high mitochondrial and capillary volumes. M. rufus belongs to a modern group of kangaroos and its great fAS is not general for marsupials. However, other hopping marsupials may have elevated aerobic capacities. Bettongia penicillata, a rat-kangaroo (Family Potoroidae), is a small (1 kg) active hopper whose fAS is somewhat elevated. We examined the oxygen delivery system in its muscles to ascertain links with hopping. An elevated fAS of 23 provided a relatively high VO2max in B. penicillata; associated with this is a skeletal muscle mass of 44% of body mass. Ten muscles were ...
An Oropouche virus strain was isolated from a novel host (Callithrix sp.) in Arinos, Minas Gerais State, southeastern Brazil. The virus was identified by complement fixation test and confirmed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Phylogenetic analysis identified this strain as a genotype III isolate previously recognized only in Panama.
It is well established that auditory cortex is plastic on different time scales and that this plasticity is driven by the reinforcement that is used to motivate subjects to learn or to perform an auditory task. Motivated by these findings, we study in detail properties of neuronal firing in auditory cortex that is related to reward feedback. We recorded from the auditory cortex of two monkeys while they were performing an auditory categorization task. Monkeys listened to a sequence of tones and had to signal when the frequency of adjacent tones stepped in downward direction, irrespective of the tone frequency and step size. Correct identifications were rewarded with either a large or a small amount of water. The size of reward depended on the monkeys performance in the previous trial: it was large after a correct trial and small after an incorrect trial. The rewards served to maintain task performance. During task performance we found three successive periods of neuronal firing in auditory cortex that
Intrauterine gene therapy (IUGT) is designed to treat monogenic diseases in the early stages of pathogenesis, targeting the disorders that cause severe perinatal morbidity or mortality. I investigated the hypothesis that the non-human primate (NHP) is a relevant model in which to validate clinically-relevant IUGT strategies. Non-integrating adeno-associated vectors (AAV) were used for specific organ-targeting approaches with clinically-relevant vector-delivery techniques and outcomes were monitored. Liver-targeting late-gestation IUGT (at 0.9G) with AAV8- or AAV5-hFIX resulted in long-term therapeutic transgene expression with widespread vector biodistribution despite a capsid-directed humoral response. Random vector integration occurred with no evidence of tumourigenesis. Comparatively, early-IUGT (0.4G) with the same vectors resulted in lower dose-dependent expression and a transient humoral response. Late-IUGT using AAV9-eGFP displayed robust expression in all organs, particularly throughout ...
Evidence is provided to show that chorionic gonadotrophins extracted from the human, rhesus monkey and marmoset placentae have antigenic determinants in common. Similar slopes were obtained for these gonadotrophins in a radioimmunoassay for human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG). The biological activity of the monkey gonadotrophins was neutralized by anti-HCG serum. When the gonadotrophic activity of the monkey placental extracts was assayed biologically and immunologically, using HCG as a standard, similar results were obtained. Higher values were obtained by the immunoassay than by the bioassay when extracts of human placenta were assayed using the same HCG standard.. ...
This diet is made specifically for marmosets. It offers a unique way to provide complete nutrition and moisture in a highly palatable mixture that marmosets love. It is an essential part of your babys diet. Banana Gel is a reduced starch, high fiber, high protein diet that is highly fortified to meet the needs of your marmoset. Gel diet can be fed up to 50% of your babys diet for the rest of its life.. ...
The cell in the middle exhibits the normal biphasic pattern of spindle rotation (planar alignment/planar maintenance) regulated by the lateral (...)
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Domain: Eukaryota • Regnum: Animalia • Phylum: Chordata • Subphylum: Vertebrata • Infraphylum: Gnathostomata • Superclassis: Tetrapoda • Classis: Mammalia • Subclassis: Theria • Infraclassis: Eutheria • Ordo: Carnivora • Subordo: Feliformia • Familia: Felidae • Subfamilia: Felinae • Genus: Leopardus • Species: Leopardus geoffroyi (dOrbigny & Gervais, 1844) ...
Following the publication of the Weatherall report on the use of non-human primates in research, this paper reflects on how to provide appropriate and ethical models for research beneficial to humankind. Two of the main justifications for the use of non-human primates in biomedical research are analysed. These are the "least-harm/greatest-good" argument and the "capacity" argument. This paper argues that these are equally applicable when considering whether humans are appropriate subjects of biomedical research. ...
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A novel combination treatment aimed at repairing the immune system has shown encouraging effects in a nonhuman primate model of HIV infection, both during and after a course of antiretroviral drug treatment.
Two billion people worldwide are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) resulting in 10 million cases of clinical disease and 1.5 million deaths each year. The hurdles for developing a highly protective and durable vaccine against Mtb require addressing four central tenets of T cell immunology - magnitude, quality, breadth, and location of the response. These specific elements of the problem will be addressed by focusing on how altering the route of vaccination using a whole attenuated organism vaccine substantially increases immune responses and protection in a rigorous non-human primate model of Mtb infection.. ...
Two billion people worldwide are infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) resulting in 10 million cases of clinical disease and 1.5 million deaths each year. The hurdles for developing a highly protective and durable vaccine against Mtb require addressing four central tenets of T cell immunology - magnitude, quality, breadth, and location of the response. These specific elements of the problem will be addressed by focusing on how altering the route of vaccination using a whole attenuated organism vaccine substantially increases immune responses and protection in a rigorous non-human primate model of Mtb infection.. ...
Callithrix. (Atlantic marmosets). *black-tufted marmoset (C. penicillata). *buffy-headed marmoset (C. flaviceps) ...
普通狨(學名 Callithrix (Callithrix) jacchus),是狨屬的典型物種,屬於新世界猴,主要分布於巴西東部。 ... Callithrix jacchus. . IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2006. International Union for
Guerra, R.; Takase, E.; Santos, C. (1998). "Cross-fostering between two species of marmosets (Callithrix jacchus and Callithrix ... The black-tufted marmoset (Callithrix penicillata), also known as Mico-estrela in Portuguese, is a species of New World monkey ... Rylands, A. B. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callithrix penicillata". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e. ... doi:10.1016/S0003-3472(81)80185-6. Miranda, G.; Faria, D. (2001). "Ecological Aspects of Black-Pincelled Marmoset (Callithrix ...
The common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) is a New World monkey. It originally lived on the northeastern coast of Brazil, in the ... As with other members of the genus Callithrix, the common marmosets have claw-like nails known as tegulaes on most of their ... Other Callithrix traits shared include enlarged, chisel-shaped incisors and specialized cecums for their diet. Common marmosets ... ISBN 978-0-387-78704-6. Rylands, A. B.; Mittermeier, R. A.; Oliveira, M. M. & Keirulff, M. C. M. (2008). "Callithrix jacchus". ...
... (Callithrix kuhlii), also known as Wied's black-tufted-ear marmoset, is a New World monkey that lives in ... Ross, C.N.; French, J.A. & Ortí, G. (2007). "Germ-line chimerism and paternal care in marmosets (Callithrix kuhlii)". Proc. ... ISBN 978-0-387-78704-6. Rylands, A. B. & Kierullf, M. C. M. (2008). "Callithrix kuhlii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened ... 3.0.CO;2-X. Animal Diversity Web: Callithrix kuhlii. ...
"Callithrix geoffroyi - White-headed Marmoset". Infonatura. NatureServe. Retrieved April 27, 2013. Images and movies of ... ISBN 978-0-387-78704-6. Rylands, A. B. & Mendes, S. L. (2008). "Callithrix geoffroyi". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species ... The white-headed marmoset (Callithrix geoffroyi), also known as the tufted-ear marmoset, Geoffroy's marmoset, or Geoffrey's ...
ISBN 978-0-387-78704-6. Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callithrix jacchus". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A ... Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callithrix kuhlii". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic ... Groves, C.P. (2005). "Callithrix aurita". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic ... 23-54 Rylands, A. B.; Mittermeier, R. A.; Oliveira, M. M. & Keirulff, M. C. M. (2008). "Callithrix jacchus". IUCN Red List of ...
Callithrix flaviceps. 2011 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Archived June 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Downloaded on ... ARKive - images and movies of the Buffy-headed marmoset (Callithrix flaviceps) Ferrari, S. F. (1992). The care of infants in a ... The buffy-headed marmoset (Callithrix flaviceps) is a rare species of marmoset endemic to the rainforests of south-eastern ... Veracini, C. (2009) "Vocalizations in a Food Sharing Contest in a Wild Group of Buffy-Headed Marmosets (Callithrix flaviceps)" ...
The buffy-tufted marmoset (Callithrix aurita), also known as the buffy tufted-ear marmoset or white-eared marmoset, is a New ... ISBN 978-0-387-78704-6. Mittermeier, R. A. & Rylands, A. B. (2008). "Callithrix aurita". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. ...
Psychotria callensii E.M.A.Petit Psychotria calliantha (Baill.) Guillaumin Psychotria callithrix (Miq.) Steyerm. Psychotria ...
"Silvery Marmoset (Callithrix argentata)". theprimata.com. Retrieved 2014-07-29. Media related to Silvery Marmoset at Wikimedia ...
... callithrix A.C.Sm. - Viti Levu Calycosia kajewskii Merr. & L.M.Perry - Solomons Calycosia lageniformis (Gillespie) A. ...
Callithrix [= Hapale] [marmoset]) Family 2. Cebidae (e.g., †Homunculus, Cebus [capuchin], Ateles [spider monkey], Alouatta [ ...
Callithrix boliviensis (monkeys from Bolivia). *Callithrix entomophagus (monkeys from Tefé, Brazil). *Saimiri boliviensis ...
... cachemirianum Baker Hedysarum callithrix Boiss. Hedysarum campylocarpon H.Ohashi Hedysarum candidum M.Bieb. Hedysarum ...
Rodzaje: marmozeta (Leontopithecus), miko (Callimico), pigmejka (Cebuella), tamaryna (Saguinus), uistiti (Callithrix). * ...
"Phylogeny of the jacchus group of Callithrix marmosets based on complete mitochondrial genomes". American Journal of Physical ...
Callithrix kuhlii White-headed marmoset, Callithrix geoffroyi Buffy-tufted marmoset, Callithrix aurita Buffy-headed marmoset, ... Mico rondoni Genus Callithrix Common marmoset, Callithrix jacchus Black-tufted marmoset, Callithrix penicillata Wied's marmoset ... The marmosets rely quite heavily on tree exudates, with some species (e.g. Callithrix jacchus and Cebuella pygmaea) considered ... Callithrix flaviceps Genus Callimico Goeldi's marmoset, Callimico goeldii Genus Saguinus Subgenus Leontocebus Black-mantled ...
Genus Callithrix-Atlantic marmosets Common marmoset, Callithrix jacchus Black-tufted marmoset, Callithrix penicillata Wied's ... Callithrix geoffroyi Buffy-headed marmoset, Callithrix flaviceps Buffy-tufted marmoset, Callithrix aurita Genus Mico-Amazonian ... Callithrix comes from Ancient Greek and means "beautiful fur". Marmoset, from the French marmouset, is of uncertain etymology, ... Primate Info Net, Callithrix Factsheet, University of Wisconsin, Madison. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005- ...
nov., isolated from clinical specimens from monkeys (Callithrix geoffroyi)". Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 56 (Pt 11): 2671-6. doi ... Pseudomonas simiae is a Gram-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, rod-shaped bacterium isolated from monkeys (Callithrix ...
panguicensis (Jones) Jones Astragalus callithrix Barneby Astragalus castaneiformis Wats. ssp. castaneiformis Wats. ssp. ...
Marmosets are New World monkeys in the genus Callithrix. Marmoset may also refer to: Marmoset rat, a rodent Delacour's marmoset ...
"Primate Factsheets: Pygmy marmoset (Callithrix pygmaea) Taxonomy, Morphology, & Ecology". Retrieved 24 September 2013. Nancy G ... Twin albino pygmy marmosets born in Sweden Primate Info Net Callithrix pygmaea Factsheet. ... as Callithrix is no longer paraphyletic. There are two subspecies described by Colin Groves of the pygmy marmoset: Cebuella ... most of which are classified in the genera Callithrix and Mico, and thus is accorded its own genus, Cebuella, within the family ...
Genain CP, Hauser SL.; Hause (2001). "Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in the New World monkey Callithrix jacchus". ...
Ltd; 2010 Ross, C. N.; J. A. French; G. Orti (2007). "Germ-line chimerism and paternal care in marmosets (Callithrix kuhlii)". ...
Callithrix jacchus jacchus), Specifically, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis reactivity was evaluated as a function of ... The biobehavioral consequences of psychogenic stress in a small, social primate (Callithrix jacchus jacchus). ... Callithrix jacchus jacchus), Specifically, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis reactivity was evaluated as a function of ... Callithrix jacchus jacchus). Biological Psychiatry, 40(5), 317-337. DOI: 10.1016/0006-3223(95)00397-5 ...
Antonyms for Callithrix jacchus. 12 words related to marmoset: New World monkey, platyrrhine, platyrrhinian, Callithricidae, ... family Callithricidae, true marmoset, Cebuella pygmaea.... What are synonyms for Callithrix jacchus? ... The marmoset, Callithrix jacchus jacchus, was determined to be the source of exposure.. Rabies in marmosets (Callithrix jacchus ... Callithrix jacchus synonyms, Callithrix jacchus antonyms - FreeThesaurus.com https://www.freethesaurus.com/Callithrix+jacchus ...
Genus: Callithrix Subgenus: Callithrix (Callithrix) Species: Callithrix jacchus Name[edit]. *Callithrix jacchus (Linnaeus, 1758 ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Callithrix_jacchus&oldid=2354770" ...
Genus: Callithrix. Subgenus: Callithrix (Callithrix). Species: Callithrix geoffroyi. Name[edit]. Callithrix geoffroyi (Humboldt ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Callithrix_geoffroyi&oldid=3615532" ...
Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Callithrix_leucippe&oldid=3615501" ... Genus: Callithrix Subgenus: Callithrix (Mico) Species: Callithrix leucippe Name[edit]. Callithrix leucippe (Thomas, 1922) ...
Callithrix humeralifera - Overview Tassel-eared Marmoset learn more about names for this taxon ... Kari Pihlaviita added the Finnish common name "Hopeatupsusilkkiapina" to "Callithrix humeralifera (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, ... Kari Pihlaviita added the Finnish common name "Amazonianmarmosetti" to "Callithrix humeralifera (É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, ...
Callithrix geoffroyi Buffy-headed marmoset, Callithrix flaviceps Buffy-tufted marmoset, Callithrix aurita Exudates, such as gum ... Callithrix species differ from the tamarins of the genus Saguinus in that Callithrix has enlarged mandibular incisor teeth the ... Callithrix differs from Callibella in these features, as well as in size, with Callithrix species being significantly larger. ... Callithrix differs from Mico in dental morphology and in geographic distribution - Callithrix species are distributed near the ...
Callithrix jacchus (White-tufted-ear marmoset)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,Q3LRP4,Q3LRP4_CALJA CD3 epsilon OS=Callithrix jacchus OX=9483 PE=2 SV=1 ...
Ferrari SF, Digby LJ (1996) Wild Callithrix groups: stable extended families. Am J Primatol 38:19-27CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Digby LJ, Ferrari SF (1994) Multiple breeding in free-ranging groups of Callithrix jacchus. Int J Primatol 3:389-397CrossRef ... Yamamoto ME, Box H (1997) The role of non-reproductive helpers in infant care in captive Callithrix jacchus. Ethology 103:1-12 ... Santos EM, Monteiro da Cruz MAO (1997) Relação tamanho do grupo X cuidado infantil em Callithrix jacchus no ambiente natural. ...
Callithrix jacchus. Taxonomy, Morphology, & Ecology , Behavior , Conservation , ,References, , Links , AV. View a family of ... The effect of the ovarian cycle on the sexual behavior of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). Physiol Behav 30: 735-42. ... To find current references for Callithrix jacchus, search PrimateLit. REFERENCES. Abbott DH. 1984. Behavioral and physiological ... Home range use and the exploitation of gum in the marmoset Callithrix jacchus jacchus. Int J Primatol 10(2): 123-36. ...
Prevention of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) using a chimeric antagonist ... Disease relevance of Callithrix. *EBV from both the human and marmoset cell lines accelerated the decay of the alternative ... Associations of Callithrix with chemical compounds. *We evaluated rolipram, a type IV phosphodiesterase inhibitor, for its ... High impact information on Callithrix. *The CXCR4 molecules of both marmosets and squirrel monkeys supported HIV-1 infection, ...
Genus: Callithrix. Subgenus: Callithrix. Species: C. jacchus. Other names: true marmoset or white-tufted-ear marmoset; ouistit ... Callithrix jacchus. ,Taxonomy, Morphology, & Ecology, , Behavior , Conservation , References , Links , AV. View a family of ... Callithrix jacchus Common marmosets are endemic to Brazil. They range in the northeastern and central forests from the Atlantic ... Members of the genus Callithrix, common marmosets have a few adaptations unique to this group and necessary for their diet and ...
Necroptosis - Callithrix jacchus (white-tufted-ear marmoset) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , ...
Mineral absorption - Callithrix jacchus (white-tufted-ear marmoset) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download ...
Olfactory transduction - Callithrix jacchus (white-tufted-ear marmoset) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , ...
Pancreatic secretion - Callithrix jacchus (white-tufted-ear marmoset) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download ...
GABAergic synapse - Callithrix jacchus (white-tufted-ear marmoset) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download ...
Callithrix jacchus (White-tufted-ear marmoset)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,F7C2M8,F7C2M8_CALJA Tubby-like protein OS=Callithrix jacchus OX=9483 GN=TULP1 PE=3 SV=2 ...
Callithrix jacchus (White-tufted-ear marmoset)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,F7IPI2,F7IPI2_CALJA Synemin isoform A OS=Callithrix jacchus OX=9483 GN=SYNM PE=2 SV=1 ...
Callithrix jacchus (White-tufted-ear marmoset)Imported. ,p>Information which has been imported from another database using ... tr,F6Q996,F6Q996_CALJA POU domain protein OS=Callithrix jacchus OX=9483 GN=POU5F1 PE=3 SV=2 ...
Discovery of a novel retrotransposon family in the Callithrix jacchus genome. M. K. Konkel1, B. Ullmer2, J. A. Walker1, R. ... The genome of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) represents the first sequenced and analyzed New World monkey (NWM, ...
Callithrix jacchus (White-tufted-ear marmoset)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,F6YSB0,F6YSB0_CALJA Nuclear factor 1 OS=Callithrix jacchus OX=9483 GN=NFIB PE=2 SV=1 ...
mTOR signaling pathway - Callithrix jacchus (white-tufted-ear marmoset) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , ...
Gastric acid secretion - Callithrix jacchus (white-tufted-ear marmoset) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , ...
Basal cell carcinoma - Callithrix jacchus (white-tufted-ear marmoset) [ Pathway menu , Organism menu , Pathway entry , Download ...
  • The genera Mico and Callibella were formerly considered a subgenus of the genus Callithrix. (wikipedia.org)
  • Callithrix species differ from the tamarins of the genus Saguinus in that Callithrix has enlarged mandibular incisor teeth the same size as the canine teeth which are used for gouging holes in trees to extract exudates. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genus was formerly considered a subgenus of the genus Callithrix. (wikipedia.org)
  • Family: Tapiridae (tapirs) Genus: Tapirus Mountain tapir Tapirus pinchaque EN Brazilian tapir Tapirus terrestris VU The even-toed ungulates are ungulates whose weight is borne about equally by the third and fourth toes, rather than mostly or entirely by the third as in perissodactyls. (wikipedia.org)
  • Apesar de muitos estudos já conduzidos para com os primatas não humanos , especialmente no que tange a espécie do novo mundo Callithrix jacchus ( Sagui -de-tufo-branco), oriundo do nordeste brasileiro, as pesquisas envolvendo o uso do diafragma em tal espécie é inexistente. (bvsalud.org)
  • Across the six primate species examined, body mass (M BO ) varies 10.8-fold, from ≈360 g in Callithrix to ≈3,900 g in Macaca . (pnas.org)
  • Brain mass (M BR ) varies by a factor of 11.2, accompanied by a similar 10.0-fold increase in total number of neurons (N N ), from 636 million in Callithrix to 6.4 billion in Macaca , and a 12.1-fold increase in total number of nonneuronal cells (N NN ) ( Table 1 ). (pnas.org)
  • We present data both from a captive study and a long term field study to test which model better explains mating systems and female-female competition in Callithrix jacchus . (springer.com)
  • 1996. Wild Callithrix group: stable extended families? (wisc.edu)