A species of the genus VESIVIRUS infecting cats. Transmission occurs via air and mechanical contact.
A family of RNA viruses infecting a broad range of animals. Most individual species are restricted to their natural hosts. They possess a characteristic six-pointed starlike shape whose surfaces have cup-shaped (chalice) indentions. Transmission is by contaminated food, water, fomites, and occasionally aerosolization of secretions. Genera include LAGOVIRUS; NORWALK-LIKE VIRUSES; SAPPORO-LIKE VIRUSES; and VESIVIRUS.
Virus diseases caused by CALICIVIRIDAE. They include HEPATITIS E; VESICULAR EXANTHEMA OF SWINE; acute respiratory infections in felines, rabbit hemorrhagic disease, and some cases of gastroenteritis in humans.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
A species of GAMMARETROVIRUS causing leukemia, lymphosarcoma, immune deficiency, or other degenerative diseases in cats. Several cellular oncogenes confer on FeLV the ability to induce sarcomas (see also SARCOMA VIRUSES, FELINE).
A genus of the family CALICIVIRIDAE associated with worldwide sporadic outbreaks of GASTROENTERITIS in humans. The first recorded outbreak was in human infants in Sapporo, Japan in 1977. The genus is comprised of a single species, Sapporo virus, containing multiple strains.
A species of LENTIVIRUS, subgenus feline lentiviruses (LENTIVIRUSES, FELINE) isolated from cats with a chronic wasting syndrome, presumed to be immune deficiency. There are 3 strains: Petaluma (FIP-P), Oma (FIP-O) and Puma lentivirus (PLV). There is no antigenic relationship between FIV and HIV, nor does FIV grow in human T-cells.
The type species in the genus NOROVIRUS, first isolated in 1968 from the stools of school children in Norwalk, Ohio, who were suffering from GASTROENTERITIS. The virions are non-enveloped spherical particles containing a single protein. Multiple strains are named after the places where outbreaks have occurred.
Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs in cats infected with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and in some cats infected with feline leukemia virus (FeLV).
A species in the genus LAGOVIRUS which causes hemorrhagic disease, including hemorrhagic septicemia, in rabbits.
A species of CORONAVIRUS infecting cats of all ages and commonly found in catteries and zoos. Cats are often found carrying the virus but only a small proportion develop disease. Feline coronavirus and Feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) are virtually the same virus in genetic and antigenetic terms, and are morphologically indistinguishable. Since they only differ in their disease potential (with FIPV causing a more serious illness), they are considered biotypes of each other.
Inactivation of viruses by non-immune related techniques. They include extremes of pH, HEAT treatment, ultraviolet radiation, IONIZING RADIATION; DESICCATION; ANTISEPTICS; DISINFECTANTS; organic solvents, and DETERGENTS.
A genus of the family CALICIVIRIDAE comprised of species infecting a wide range of organisms. Most members of this genus can be readily propagated in cell culture (as opposed to other genera of Caliciviridae). The type species is VESICULAR EXANTHEMA OF SWINE VIRUS.
The type species of the genus VESIVIRUS infecting pigs. The resulting infection is an acute febrile disease which is clinically indistinguishable from FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE. Transmission is by contaminated food.
A genus in the family CALICIVIRIDAE, associated with epidemic GASTROENTERITIS in humans. The type species, NORWALK VIRUS, contains multiple strains.
A highly contagious DNA virus infection of the cat family, characterized by fever, enteritis and bone marrow changes. It is also called feline ataxia, feline agranulocytosis, feline infectious enteritis, cat fever, cat plague, and show fever. It is caused by FELINE PANLEUKOPENIA VIRUS or the closely related MINK ENTERITIS VIRUS or CANINE PARVOVIRUS.
INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.
Species of GAMMARETROVIRUS isolated from fibrosarcoma in cats. The viruses are actually recombinant feline leukemia viruses (FeLV) where part of the genome has been replaced by cellular oncogenes. It is unique to individuals and not transmitted naturally to other cats. FeSVs are replication defective and require FeLV to reproduce.
A calicivirus infection of swine characterized by hydropic degeneration of the oral and cutaneous epithelia.
Common coronavirus infection of cats caused by the feline infectious peritonitis virus (CORONAVIRUS, FELINE). The disease is characterized by a long incubation period, fever, depression, loss of appetite, wasting, and progressive abdominal enlargement. Infection of cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage appears to be essential in FIP pathogenesis.
A genus of the family CALICIVIRIDAE, associated with infections in rabbits and hares, responsible for epidemics with high mortality. RABBIT HEMORRHAGIC DISEASE VIRUS is the type species.
A species of PARVOVIRUS infecting cats with a highly contagious enteric disease. Host range variants include mink enteritis virus, canine parvovirus (PARVOVIRUS, CANINE), and raccoon parvovirus. After infecting their new hosts, many of these viruses have further evolved and are now considered distinct species.
A family of small RNA viruses comprising some important pathogens of humans and animals. Transmission usually occurs mechanically. There are nine genera: APHTHOVIRUS; CARDIOVIRUS; ENTEROVIRUS; ERBOVIRUS; HEPATOVIRUS; KOBUVIRUS; PARECHOVIRUS; RHINOVIRUS; and TESCHOVIRUS.
The outer protein protective shell of a virus, which protects the viral nucleic acid.
Rendering pathogens harmless through the use of heat, antiseptics, antibacterial agents, etc.
Virus diseases caused by the PICORNAVIRIDAE.
A neoplastic disease of cats frequently associated with feline leukemia virus infection.
The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.
A bacteriophage genus of the family LEVIVIRIDAE, whose viruses contain the short version of the genome and have a separate gene for cell lysis.
A family of membrane glycoproteins localized to TIGHT JUNCTIONS that contain two extracellular Ig-like domains, a single transmembrane segment, and a cytoplasmic tail of variable length.
Inorganic compounds that contain chlorine as an integral part of the molecule.
A family of enveloped, linear, double-stranded DNA viruses infecting a wide variety of animals. Subfamilies, based on biological characteristics, include: ALPHAHERPESVIRINAE; BETAHERPESVIRINAE; and GAMMAHERPESVIRINAE.
The suborder of aquatic CARNIVORA comprising the WALRUSES; FUR SEALS; SEA LIONS; and EARLESS SEALS. They have fusiform bodies with very short tails and are found on all sea coasts. The offspring are born on land.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.
Proteins that form the CAPSID of VIRUSES.
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).
Virus diseases caused by the Lentivirus genus. They are multi-organ diseases characterized by long incubation periods and persistent infection.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
A genus of small, circular RNA viruses in the family ASTROVIRIDAE. They cause GASTROENTERITIS and are found in the stools of several vertebrates including humans. Transmission is by the fecal-oral route and there are at least eight human serotypes. The type species is Human astrovirus.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
It is used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Proteins found in any species of virus.
Substances elaborated by viruses that have antigenic activity.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.

Neutralizing feature of commercially available feline calicivirus (FCV) vaccine immune sera against FCV field isolates. (1/88)

Four types of commercially available feline calicivirus (FCV) vaccine were compared in terms of their efficacy on the basis of the ability of the sera of specific-pathogen-free cats immunized by two injections of each type of vaccine to neutralize FCV field isolates. Each vaccine immune serum neutralized relatively well strains F4, F9, and 255, which were FCV laboratory strains. As to 36 strains of field isolates, however, vaccines A, B, C, and D immune sera did not neutralize 18-20 of the strains (50.0%-55.6%), 19-22 of the strains (52.8%-61.1%), 22-25 of the strains (61.1%-69.4%), and 8-16 of the strains (22.2%-44.4%), respectively. These results indicate that there is much difference in neutralizing antigenicity between the existing vaccine strains and the FCV strains that are prevalent in Japan, suggesting the need for improvement of FCV vaccines.  (+info)

Mapping of the feline calicivirus proteinase responsible for autocatalytic processing of the nonstructural polyprotein and identification of a stable proteinase-polymerase precursor protein. (2/88)

Expression of the region of the feline calicivirus (FCV) ORF1 encoded by nucleotides 3233 to 4054 in an in vitro rabbit reticulocyte system resulted in synthesis of an active proteinase that specifically processes the viral nonstructural polyprotein. Site-directed mutagenesis of the cysteine (Cys1193) residue in the putative active site of the proteinase abolished autocatalytic cleavage as well as cleavage of the viral capsid precursor, suggesting that this "3C-like" proteinase plays an important role in proteolytic processing during viral replication. Expression of the region encoding the C-terminal portion of the FCV ORF1 (amino acids 942 to 1761) in bacteria allowed direct N-terminal sequence analysis of the virus-specific polypeptides produced in this system. The results of these analyses indicate that the proteinase cleaves at amino acid residues E960-A961, E1071-S1072, E1345-T1346, and E1419-G1420; however, the cleavage efficiency is varied. The E1071-S1072 cleavage site defined the N terminus of a 692-amino-acid protein that contains sequences with similarity to the picornavirus 3C proteinase and 3D polymerase domains. Immunoprecipitation of radiolabeled proteins from FCV-infected feline kidney cells with serum raised against the FCV ORF1 C-terminal region showed that this "3CD-like" proteinase-polymerase precursor protein is apparently stable and accumulates in cells during infection.  (+info)

The capsid gene of feline calicivirus contains linear B-cell epitopes in both variable and conserved regions. (3/88)

In order to map linear B-cell (LBC) epitopes in the major capsid protein of feline calicivirus (FCV), an expression library containing random, short (100- to 200-bp) fragments of the FCV F9 capsid gene was constructed. Analysis of this library showed it to be representative of the region of the capsid gene that encodes the mature capsid protein. The library was screened by using polyclonal antisera from a cat that had been challenged experimentally with F9 to identify immunoreactive clones containing LBC epitopes. Twenty-six clones that reacted positively to feline antisera in immunoblots were identified. FCV-derived sequence from these clones mapped to a region of the capsid that spanned 126 amino acids and included variable regions C and E. An overlapping set of biotinylated peptides corresponding to this region was used to further map LBC epitopes by using F9 antisera. Four principal regions of reactivity were identified. Two fell within the hypervariable region at the 5' end of region E (amino acids [aa] 445 to 451 [antigenic site (ags) 2] and aa 451 to 457 [ags 3]). However, the other two were in conserved regions (aa 415 to 421 [ags 1; region D] and aa 475 to 479 [ags 4; central region E]). The reactivity of the peptide set with antisera from 11 other cats infected with a range of FCV isolates was also determined. Ten of 11 antisera reacted to conserved ags 4, suggesting that this region may be useful for future recombinant vaccine design.  (+info)

Analysis of the N-terminal polypeptide of the capsid precursor protein and the ORF3 product of feline calicivirus. (4/88)

The N-terminal unique polypeptide region of the capsid precursor protein of feline calicivirus (FCV) and the protein encoded by ORF3 of FCV were expressed as fusion proteins with glutathione S-transferase to analyze the expressed products in FCV-infected cells. Immunoblot analysis using a serum from a cat experimentally infected with FCV indicated relatively high immunogenicity of the N-terminal polypeptide in FCV-infected cats, as compared with the ORF3 protein. Specific antisera were prepared by immunization to mice with the fused proteins and used in immunoblot analysis. A 14 kD product corresponding to the N-terminal polypeptide and a 10 kD polypeptide of the ORF3 product were identified in the FCV-infected cells but not detected in the purified particles. No neutralization activity against FCV was detected in these antisera. The proteins identified as polypeptides of 14 kD and 10 kD in this study may have functions as non-structural proteins.  (+info)

Recovery and altered neutralization specificities of chimeric viruses containing capsid protein domain exchanges from antigenically distinct strains of feline calicivirus. (5/88)

Feline calicivirus (FCV) strains can show significant antigenic variation when tested for cross-reactivity with antisera produced against other FCV strains. Previous work has demonstrated the presence of hypervariable amino acid sequences in the capsid protein of FCV (designated regions C and E) that were postulated to constitute the major antigenic determinants of the virus. To examine the involvement of hypervariable sequences in determining the antigenic phenotype, the nucleotide sequences encoding the E regions from three antigenically distinct parental FCV strains (CFI, KCD, and NADC) were exchanged for the equivalent sequences in an FCV Urbana strain infectious cDNA clone. Two of the three constructs were recovered as viable, chimeric viruses. In six additional constructs, of which three were recovered as viable virus, the E region from the parental viruses was divided into left (N-terminal) and right (C-terminal) halves and engineered into the infectious clone. A final viable construct contained the C, D, and E regions of the NADC parental strain. Recovered chimeric viruses showed considerable antigenic variation from the parental viruses when tested against parental hyperimmune serum. No domain exchange was able to confer complete recognition by parental antiserum with the exception of the KCD E region exchange, which was neutralized at a near-homologous titer with KCD antiserum. These data demonstrate that it is possible to recover engineered chimeric FCV strains that possess altered antigenic characteristics. Furthermore, the E hypervariable region of the capsid protein appears to play a major role in the formation of the antigenic structure of the virion where conformational epitopes may be more important than linear in viral neutralization.  (+info)

Comparison of prevalence of feline herpesvirus type 1, calicivirus and parvovirus infections in domestic and leopard cats in Vietnam. (6/88)

A serosurvey of feline herpesvirus type 1 (FHV-1), feline calicivirus (FCV), and feline parvovirus (FPV) in cats from Ho Chi Minh City area in southern Vietnam was conducted in December 1998, and we compared the results with our previous results in northern Vietnam (Hanoi area). The positive rate of FHV and FCV in domestic cats were 44% and 74%, respectively. They were rather higher than those in Hanoi area, while the seropositivity of FPV (44%) was similar to that in Hanoi area. In leopard cats, the positive rate of FPV was high (3/4) and it indicated that FPV was prevailing in leopard cats in Vietnam.  (+info)

Identification and genomic mapping of the ORF3 and VPg proteins in feline calicivirus virions. (7/88)

Two minor proteins with molecular masses of 8.5 and 15.5 kDa were identified in feline calicivirus (FCV) virions. Direct sequence analysis showed that the N-terminal sequence of the 8.5-kDa protein was identical to that of the predicted protein encoded by open reading frame 3 (ORF3) of the FCV genome. The N-terminal sequence of the 15.5-kDa protein corresponded to amino acids 961-980 of the FCV ORF1 polyprotein and mapped to the genomic location of the calicivirus VPg. Antisera raised against recombinant ORF3 protein or the N-terminal 20 amino acids of the putative VPg reacted with the corresponding proteins present in both a Western blot analysis of purified FCV virions and an immunofluorescence assay of FCV-infected cells. A comparative analysis of radioactivity incorporated into virion proteins during in vivo labeling experiments indicated that the ORF3 protein is likely present in one or two copies per virion. The mobility of the ORF3 protein present in virions was similar to that of the ORF3 protein found in FCV-infected cells or expressed in bacteria. Direct N- and C-terminal sequence analysis of the purified ORF3 protein obtained by expression in bacteria demonstrated the presence of intact, uncleaved termini, suggesting that the observed difference between the calculated and the apparent masses in SDS-PAGE was not due to proteolytic processing of the protein.  (+info)

Proteinase-polymerase precursor as the active form of feline calicivirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. (8/88)

The objective of this study was to identify the active form of the feline calicivirus (FCV) RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP). Multiple active forms of the FCV RdRP were identified. The most active enzyme was the full-length proteinase-polymerase (Pro-Pol) precursor protein, corresponding to amino acids 1072 to 1763 of the FCV polyprotein encoded by open reading frame 1 of the genome. Deletion of 163 amino acids from the amino terminus of Pro-Pol (the Val-1235 amino terminus) caused a threefold reduction in polymerase activity. Deletion of an additional one (the Thr-1236 amino terminus) or two (the Ala-1237 amino terminus) amino acids produced derivatives that were 7- and 175-fold, respectively, less active than Pro-Pol. FCV proteinase-dependent processing of Pro-Pol in the interdomain region preceding Val-1235 was not observed in the presence of a catalytically active proteinase; however, processing within the polymerase domain was observed. Inactivation of proteinase activity by changing the catalytic cysteine-1193 to glycine permitted the production and purification of intact Pro-Pol. Biochemical analysis of Pro-Pol showed that this enzyme has properties expected of a replicative polymerase, suggesting that Pro-Pol is an active form of the FCV RdRP.  (+info)

PEREIRA, Joylson de Jesus et al. Molecular characterization of feline calicivirus variants from multicat household and public animal shelter in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Braz. J. Microbiol. [online]. 2018, vol.49, n.4, pp.777-784. ISSN 1517-8382. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjm.2018.01.003.. The aim of this study was to perform the molecular characterization of conserved and variable regions of feline calicivirus capsid genome in order to investigate the molecular diversity of variants in Brazilian cat population. Twenty-six conjunctival samples from cats living in five public short-term animal shelters and three multicat life-long households were analyzed. Fifteen cats had conjunctivitis, three had oral ulceration, eight had respiratory signs (cough, sneeze and nasal discharge) and nine were asymptomatic. Feline calicivirus were isolated in CRFK cells and characterized by reverse transcription PCR target to both conserved and variable regions of open reading frame 2. The amplicons obtained were ...
Its efficacy in presence of maternally derived FCV antibodies. References. 1. Baulch-Brown, C., Love, D.N., Meanger, J., 1997. Feline calicivirus: a need for vaccine modification ? Aust. Vet. J. 75(3), 209-213.. 2. Baulch-Brown, C., Love, D.N., Meanger, J., 1999. Sequence variation within the capsid protein of Australian isolates of feline calicivirus. Vet. Microbiol. 68, 107-117.. 3. Binns, S.H., Dawson, S., Speakman, A.J., Cuevas, L.E., Hart, C.A., Gaskell, C.J., Morgan, K.L., Gaskell, R.M., 2000. A study of feline upper respiratory tract disease with reference to prevalence and risk factors for infection with feline calicivirus and feline herpesvirus. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 2, 123-133.. 4. Chappuis, G., Stellmann, C., 1974. Etude sérologique des picornavirus félins: parenté-dominance des souches. Bull.Soc.Sci.Vet et Med comparée, 76(4), 289-299.. 5. Dawson, S., McArdle, F., Bennett, D., Carter, M., Bennett, M., Ryvar, R., Gaskell, R.M., 1993. Investigation of vaccine ...
Feline Calicivirus Vaccine shall be prepared from virus-bearing cell culture fluids. Only Master Seed Virus which has been established as pure, safe, and immunogenic shall be used for preparing the production seed virus for vaccine production. All serials of vaccine shall be prepared from the first through the fifth passage from the Master Seed Virus. (a) The Master Seed Virus shall meet the applicable general requirements prescribed in § 113.300. (b) The Master Seed Virus shall be tested for chlamydial agents as prescribed in § 113.43. (c) Each lot of Master Seed Virus used for vaccine production shall be tested for immunogenicity. The selected virus dose from the lot of Master Seed Virus shall be established as follows: (1) Thirty feline calicivirus susceptible cats shall be used as test animals (20 vaccinates and 10 controls). Throat swabs shall be collected from each cat and individually tested on susceptible cell cultures for the presence of feline calicivirus. Blood samples shall be ...
|strong|Mouse anti Feline Calicivirus antibody, clone S1-9|/strong| recognizes feline calicivirus and shows no cross-reactivity with FIV or FeLV.
Paws and Whiskers Cat Shelter has temporarily suspended adoptions and intakes of cats and kittens after persistent cases of Feline Calicivirus - commonly known as Calici. This viral infection is common in shelters and presents as an upper respiratory infection. While usually not life-threatening, this viral infection can spread in shelter and veterinary clinics. The closure is expected to last until December 16, 2017, or until the veterinarian gives clearance.. Cats that are unaffected will still be in the main shelter but it will close during this time to allow for any other cats that may have been exposed to show symptoms. Approximately one third of the shelters cats are affected.. Paws and Whiskers is taking veterinary recommended isolation protocols for cats displaying the symptoms - runny nose and eyes, tongue sores - by moving them to their facility next door. The affected cats will be isolated and treated for their symptoms, administered new vaccines, as well as strict cleaning ...
Feline Calicivirus小鼠单克隆抗体[FCV1-43](ab33990)经WB, ELISA, IHC实验严格验证。中国75%以上现货,所有产品均提供质保服务,可通过电话、电邮或微信获得本地专属技术支持。
Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a major causative agent of respiratory disease in cats. It is also one of the few cultivatable members of the family Caliciviridae. It has recently been reported that FCV binding is in part due to interaction with junction adhesion molecule-A. This report describes the characterization of additional receptor components for FCV. Chemical treatment of cells with sodium periodate showed that FCV recognized carbohydrate moieties on the surface of permissive cells. Enzymic treatment with Vibrio cholerae neuraminidase demonstrated that sialic acid was a major determinant of virus binding. Further characterization using linkage-specific lectins from Maackia amurensis and Sambucus nigra revealed that FCV recognized sialic acid with an α2,6 linkage. Using various proteases and metabolic inhibitors, it was shown that α2,6-linked sialic acid recognized by FCV is present on an N-linked glycoprotein.
The kinetics and biochemical properties of feline calicivirus (FCV) attachment to Crandell-Reese feline kidney cells were determined. Maximum binding was observed at pH 6.5. Cells in suspension at...
Antigen Background The Caliciviridae are a family of positive-stranded RNA viruses of unique morphology characterized by a series of cup-like depressions on the surface of the virus. Feline Calicivirus (FCV) is a ubiquitous pathogen of cats producing a variety of clinical symptoms, including oral ulceration, upper respiratory tract infection and polyarthritis. FCV has a genome of 7.7kb which encodes several proteins. Product Specific Information NCL-1G9 detects one of these, a capsid protein of 62 kD.. ...
Summary Isolates of feline calicivirus (FCV) can be divided into four groups according to plaque size under an agar overlay. All isolates classified as minute plaque, along with certain other isolates, are sensitive to inhibitors present in agar.
Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Cell Biology, Medicine, Research & Experimental, Multidisciplinary Sciences, Research & Experimental Medicine, Science & Technology - Other Topics, feline calicivirus, caspase activation, capsid protein, DEATH ...
Feline Calicivirus Antibody (FCAVAb)-Dawnsail Biotech Co. Ltd.-Standard: 10 pieces/box Storage: cold storage 2-8℃ Time:10 min Sample: plasma
Guest Post by Dr. Fern Crist. Virulent Systemic Feline Calicivirus - What Do We Really Know?. When Ingrid called me to tell me that Amber was making occasional odd gagging noises as if something was stuck in her throat, but that she seemed fine otherwise, I was certainly not expecting Amber to die within ten days.. Two days later, Ingrid told me Ambers appetite was decreased, and she was throwing up a little bit, gagging a little more but still seemed generally fine. My brain went on yellow alert, but not red. After all, Amber was still eating and keeping nearly all of it down. Her abdomen was not painful. Most such events resolve on their own, and since Amber gets very stressed with hospital visits, the benefits of getting her checked out had to be weighed against the stress of the hospital visit. It seemed wiser to just watch for a little longer.. But after a few more days of shes not worse but shes not better either, I hit my limit of lets keep an eye on it, so into the hospital we ...
Feline Calicivirus radial colour 4M x mag (WY6SACGJV) by DavidBhella on Shapeways. Learn more before you buy, or discover other cool products in Sculptures.
Al-Molawi, N, Beardmore, VA, Carter, MJ, Kass, GEN and Roberts, LO (2003) Caspase-mediated cleavage of the feline calicivirus capsid protein ...
The two viruses commonly associated with cat flu or snuffles are the Feline Herpesvirus and the Feline Calicivirus. Both cause upper respiratory symptoms such as sneezing, coughing, conjunctivitis and discharge from the nose and eyes. The Herpesvirus tends to cause more severe symptoms. Ulcers on the tongue and chronic inflammation of the gums may also be seen with Calicivirus infection. Cats become infected by close contact with infected cats. Cats are at greatest risk of contracting snuffles at a boarding/breeding cattery or animal shelter. Recovered cats may continue to shed the virus without showing symptoms potentially infecting many animals.. ...
VS-FCV was first reported in the late 1990s and occurred as outbreaks at animal shelters and catteries. Fortunately, the virus does not seem to be spreading to the general cat population.. How Is Calicivirus Diagnosed and Treated?. Sophisticated testing of body fluids can be used to diagnose FCV infection, but most veterinarians make the diagnosis based on clinical signs. No medication can cure FCV. Treatment is mainly supportive and consists of administering fluids to combat dehydration, offering soft food until mouth ulcers heal, administering antibiotics to help treat secondary bacterial infections, and prescribing other medications as needed to help control other clinical signs. How Can Calicivirus Be Prevented? Several vaccines are available for preventing disease associated with FCV. There is also a vaccine against VS-FCV. All of the available FCV vaccines have been tested and found to be safe and effective when administered as directed.. The FCV vaccination is recommended for all cats. ...
What Is It? Cat Flu is also known as Feline Respiratory Disease, and much like the human cold it displays many of the same symptoms. It is caused by the Feline Calicivirus (FCV) or
To provide the best protection for your cat, we ask you to provide proof of their current F3 vaccination. This vaccination provides your cat with the best protection for the following: Feline Enteritis, Feline Rhinotracheitis and Feline Calicivirus. An F3 vaccination gives your cat maximum protection against Cat Flu and reduces likelihood of contraction, however does NOT prevent it entirely ...
Despite claims that GSE has antimicrobial effects,[11] there is no scientific evidence that GSE has such properties.[3][4] Some evidence indicates that the suspected antimicrobial activity of GSE was due to the contamination or adulteration of commercial GSE preparations with synthetic antimicrobials or preservatives.[1][2][12] These chemicals were not present in grapefruit seed extracts prepared in the laboratory, and GSE preparations without the contaminants were found to possess no detectable antimicrobial effect.[1] Although citrus seed extract is sold in health food markets,[12] there is no good evidence for any antimicrobial activity.[1] A study that examined possible antiviral properties of GSE found that it had no efficacy as a disinfectant for feline calicivirus and feline parvovirus.[13] ...
Ready to use lyophilised master mixes (8-well strips each) for detection of feline calicivirus, feline herpesvirus-1, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Chlamydophila felis, Mycoplasma felis and internal control. ...
Parvosol II RTU (ready-to-use) is a hospital grade quaternary ammonium formulation with even more effective disinfecting power, now ready-to-use from the bottle. Effective against Human Coronavirus, Parvovirus, Feline calicivirus, H1N1 (swine flu), Avian Influenza, and more.. Parvosol-II RTU has demonstrated effectiveness against viruses similar to SARS-CoV-2 on hard, non-porous surfaces. Therefore, Parvosol-II RTU can be used against SARS-CoV-2 when used in accordance with the directions for use against Canine Parvovirus on hard, non-porous surfaces.. Refer to the CDC website at: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html for additional information.. ...
Table Top (EPA Reg # 1839-220-17268) has demonstrated effectiveness against viruses similar to 2019 novel coronavirus-Wuhan (also 2019-nCoV) on hard nonporous surfaces. Therefore, this product can be used against 2019 novel coronavirus-Wuhan (also 2019-nCoV) when used in accordance with the directions for use against Human Rotavirus, Feline Calicivirus, Canine Parvovirus, Rhinovirus Type 14, Rhinovirus Type 39 and Poliovirus Type 1 on hard, non-porous surfaces. Wipe surfaces often with Table Top to prevent spread of COVID- ...
Norwalk-like viruses (Feline Calicivirus), the Polio virus and even the common cold virus (Rhinovirus) are resistant to many surface disinfectants. But OPTIM 33 TB Surface Cleaner & Intermediate Level Disinfectant kills them all in one minute.. It also has a one minute claim against: Mycobacterium terrae, Human Coronavirus (SARS), HIV-1, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Avian Influenza (Bird Flu), Salmonella, E.Coli, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus aureus MRSA and other viruses & bacteria*, and can achieve a 99.999% broad-spectrum kill of vegetative bacteria in 30 seconds!. Click here for more about Sci Can Wipes. ...
Research in Virology and Veterinary Virology are based in new laboratories at three sites, the Ronald Ross Building, IC2 and Leahurst. They encompass studies of the pathogenicity, diagnostics, identification, epidemiology and immune responses to a range of viral pathogens including: Japanese encephalitis virus,HIV,respiratory syncytial virus, cytomegalovirus and other herpesviruses, chicken metapneumovirus, feline calicivirus and Schmallenberg virus. Techniques used include: diagnostic identification methods, flow cytometry, ELISA, epidemiology, PCR and transcriptomic and genomic technologies, including metagenomics, resequencing and genotyping cell separation, proteomics and infection models.. The aims of the research are to investigate the transmission routes and behaviour of pathogens during infections and use this knowledge to design better therapeutic strategies or vaccines in order to improve the health of humans and animals.. ...
Opens the Highlight Feature Bar and highlights feature annotations from the FEATURES table of the record. The Highlight Feature Bar can be used to navigate to and highlight other features and provides links to display the highlighted region separately. Links in the FEATURES table will also highlight the corresponding region of the sequence. More... ...
A cat can not tell its pet owner when it feels in poor health, so the only solution to know is by proprietors will reveal an sickness in considered one of two ways. While it is difficult to induce long-time period immunity to bacterial infections, vaccines targeted toward viruses are normally more efficient at conferring long-time period immunity in the recipient. If the cat is spayed or neutered, chances are he or she was vaccinated as a kitten.. Dont vaccinate adult cats for FeLV - even if they have entry to the outdoors - since natural immunity to this disease is very sturdy by the point the cat is ~1 yr of age. We definitely should stop vaccinating with FVRCP every year but taking it one step additional, I dont observe the AAFP tips which counsel giving the FVRCP each 3 years because the risks outweigh the benefits ...
Not-so-quick catch-up, mostly Corys recent health history: the whole household has been in a lot of turmoil for the past three years or so. We moved to a new apartment a bit over 2 years ago, and the kids all seem to really prefer it - there all more confident and relaxed here. Trick has either lymphoma or IBS, both of which are treated the same way and a more clear diagnosis would be intrusive and expensive. Hes responding very well, has gained his weight back, and is no longer vomiting, so with any luck, hell be with us a long time yet, his same crazy self. Freya had a terrifying episode of her back end suddenly not working, but after a few days of pain meds and intense 24/7 nursing care, she got her functionality back just like nothing ever happened.. Cory, meanwhile, was originally diagnosed with calicivirus as the reason for his tongue to develop serious ulceration on the outer third or so, multiple times. It hasnt happened in years, and Im grateful for that! But he still has a very ...
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We report a disease outbreak in a Michigan rabbitry of a rabbit calicivirus distinct from the foreign animal disease agent, rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV). The novel virus has been designated Michigan rabbit calicivirus (MRCV). Caliciviruses of the Lagovirus genus other than RHDV have not been described in US rabbit populations. The case-fatality rate was 32.5% (65/200). Clinical signs included hemorrhage and sudden death, with hepatic necrosis. Analysis of viral RNA sequence from >95% of the viral genome showed an average similarity of 79% with RHDV. Similarity of the predicted MRCV capsid amino acid sequence ranged from 89.8% to 91.3%, much lower than the 98% amino acid similarity between RHDV strains. Experimentally infected rabbits lacked clinical disease, but MRCV was detected in tissues by PCR. We propose that MRCV primarily causes subclinical infection but may induce overt RHD-like disease under certain field conditions.
Ned F. Kuehn, DVM, Diplomate, ACVIM. Feline respiratory disease complex includes those illnesses typified by rhinitis, conjunctivitis, lacrimation, salivation, and oral ulcerations. The principal diseases, Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR) and Feline Calicivirus (FCV) infections, affect exotic as well as ~domestic species. Feline Pneurnonitis (Chlamydia psittaci) and Mycoplasmal infections ,appear to be of lesser importance. Feline infectious peritonitis and pleuritis typically causes a more generalized condition but may cause signs of mild upper respiratory tract infection. I FVR and calliciviruses are host-specific and pose no known human risk. Human conjunctivitis caused by the feline chlamydial agent has been reported.. Etiology: Probably 40-45% of feline upper respiratory infections are caused by FVR s , which is a herpesvirus; incidence of FCV is similar. Dual infections with these viruses are common. Other organisms such as Chlamydia psittaci, Mycoplasma spp, and reoviruses are believed ...
The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is the most endangered felid species in the world. Lynx populations have decreased dramatically in size and distribution in the last four decades, thus becoming increasingly vulnerable to catastrophic events such as epizooties. From 1989 to 2000, serum samples were obtained from 48 free-ranging lynx captured in the Doñana National Park (DNP, n = 31) and mountains of Sierra Morena (SM, n = 17) in southern Spain. Samples were tested for antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii, feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV-1), feline calicivirus (FCV), feline/canine parvovirus (FPV/CPV), feline coronavirus, feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), feline leukaemia virus and canine distemper virus (CDV) and for FeLV p27 antigen, to document baseline exposure levels. Antibodies against T. gondii were detected in 44% of lynx, with a significantly greater prevalence in DNP (61%) than in SM (12%). In DNP, prevalence was significantly higher in adult (81%) than in juvenile and sub-adult (41%) ...
DNA aptamers were developed against murine norovirus (MNV) using SELEX (Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential enrichment). Nine rounds of SELEX led to the discovery of AG3, a promising aptamer with very high affinity for MNV as well as for lab-synthesized capsids of a common human norovirus (HuNoV) outbreak strain (GII.3). Using fluorescence anisotropy, AG3 was found to bind with MNV with affinity in the low picomolar range. The aptamer could cross-react with HuNoV though it was selected against MNV. As compared to a non-specific DNA control sequence, the norovirus-binding affinity of AG3 was about a million-fold higher. In further tests, the aptamer also showed nearly a million-fold higher affinity for the noroviruses than for the feline calicivirus (FCV), a virus similar in size and structure to noroviruses. AG3 was incorporated into a simple electrochemical sensor using a gold nanoparticle-modified screen-printed carbon electrode (GNPs-SPCE). The aptasensor could detect MNV with a ...
Calicivirin (EC, Camberwell virus processing peptidase, Chiba virus processing peptidase, Norwalk virus processing peptidase, Southampton virus processing peptidase, norovirus virus processing peptidase, calicivirus trypsin-like cysteine protease, calicivirus TCP, calicivirus 3C-like protease, calicivirus endopeptidase, rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus 3C endopeptidase) is an enzyme. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction Endopeptidase with a preference for cleavage when the P1 position is occupied by Glu- and the P1- position is occupied by Gly- Viruses that are members of the Norovirus genus (Caliciviridae family) are a major cause of epidemic acute viral gastroenteritis. Meyers, G.; Rossi, C.; Thiel, H.J. (2004). Calicivirus endopeptidases. In Barrett, A.J.; Rawlings, N.D.; Woessner, J.F. Handbook of Proteolytic Enzymes (2nd ed.). London: Elsevier. pp. 1380-1382. Wirblich, C.; Sibilia, M.; Boniotti, M.B.; Rossi, C.; Thiel, H.J.; Meyers, G. (1995). 3C-like protease ...
Live vaccine containing per dose of 1 ml 105.2 TCID50 Feline viral rhinotracheitis virus; 104.7 pfu Feline calicivirus; 104.2 TCID50 Feline panleucopenia virus.
Norwalk-like viruses (Feline Calicivirus), the Polio virus and even the common cold virus (Rhinovirus) are resistant to many surface disinfectants. But OPTIM 33 TB Surface Cleaner & Intermediate Level Disinfectant kills them all in one minute. It also has a one minute claim against: Mycobacterium terrae, Human Coronavirus (SARS), HIV-1, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Avian Influenza (Bird Flu), Salmonella, E.Coli, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus aureus MRSA and other viruses & bacteria*, and can achieve a 99.999% broad-spectrum kill of vegetative bacteria in 30 seconds!. MSDS. Product Brochure. ...
Genetic characterization of a reptilian calicivirus (Cro1) : Vesiviruses in the family Caliciviridae infect a broad range of animal hosts including mammals, birds, fish, amphibians and reptiles. The vesivirus Cro1 strains were isolated from diseased snakes in the San Diego zoo in 1978 and reported as the first caliciviruses found in reptiles. The goal of this study was to characterize the Cro1 strain 780032I that was isolated in cell culture from a rock
Mycoplasma agassizii is one of the known causative agents of upper respiratory tract disease (URTD) in Mojave desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii) and in gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus). We sequenced the genomes ...
Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease otherwise known as Viral Hemorrhagic Disease (VHD) of Rabbits or Rabbit Calicivirus Disease (RCD). Links and articles of interest to pet owners and veterinarians. ...
They additionally have been liberally infecting the species with the Rabbit Calicivirus Disease (RCD) from as far back as 1991 but since the animals have been able to develop immunities to it that has forced them into developing ever new strains of the killer. What thats (the rabbit eradication biological pipeline plan) trying to do is recognize that we have to put out new strains of the rabbit calicivirus at key points, to keep numbers low, rather than just waiting for numbers to bounce back, going into crisis mode and then trying to do what we can, Andreas Glanzig of the Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre (IACRC) at the University of Canberra told the ABC on November 25, 2015. (See Rabbit Control Plan Plays the Long Game to Contain Devastating Pest, Protect Threatened Species.) What the twenty-year plan is all about is making sure weve got new strains of calicivirus coming out every five to eight years, so that when the effectiveness of one strain starts to decrease weve got ...
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Principal Investigator:NAKATA Shuji, Project Period (FY):1995 - 1996, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Pediatrics
The picornavirus genome consists of a single molecule of linear, postitive(+)-sense, single-strand RNA. It is non-segmented. The complete genome is 7000-8500 nucleotides long. At the 5-terminus of the genome has a long untranslated region 600-1200 bases in length, which is important in translation, virulence, and possibly encapsidation. There is a shorter untranslated region (50-100 bases in length) on the 3-terminus, which is important in (-)strand-synthesis. The 5-terminus untranslated region also has a clover leaf secondary structure known as the Internal Ribosome Entry Site (IRES), which distinguishes picornaviruses from other RNA viruses; this structure is important in translation and replication. The 5-terminus is modified by a covalently-attached VPg protein (which takes the place of a cap), while the 3-terminus is modified by polyadenylation. (sources: ICTVdB, Bedard, Flynn) ...
The picornavirus genome consists of a single molecule of linear, postitive(+)-sense, single-strand RNA. It is non-segmented. The complete genome is 7000-8500 nucleotides long. The 5-terminus of the genome has a long untranslated region 600-1200 bases in length, which is important in translation, virulence, and possibly encapsidation. There is a shorter untranslated region (50-100 bases in length) on the 3-terminus, which is important in (-)strand-synthesis. The 5-terminus untranslated region also has a clover leaf secondary structure known as the Internal Ribosome Entry Site (IRES), which distinguishes picornaviruses from other RNA viruses; this structure is important in translation and replication. The 5-terminus is modified by a covalently-attached VPg protein (which takes the place of a cap), while the 3-terminus is modified by polyadenylation. (sources: ICTVdB, Bedard, Flynn) ...
Feline viruses. Read about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of different feline viruses including calicivirus, corona virus (FIP), leukemia, panleukopemia (FPV), and rhinotracheitis.
Rhinitis or sinusitis, sometimes called snuffles in laymens terms, is usually characterized by unilateral or bilateral, mucopurulent nasal discharge, sneezing, and congestion. A subtle sign of upper respiratory tract disease can be discharge matted on the paws or the medial aspect of the forelimbs. Discharge may collect here as the rabbit fastidiously cleans its face with its forepaws. In the early stages of disease, discharge may not be evident on the nose or even on the paws, however close examination of…. ...
The first calicivirus was described 75 years ago in California in a foot- and-mouth--like epidemic in swine. Control measures were slaughter and burial of all affected pigs. However, epidemic spread among swine continued for 24 years, then the disease disappeared. The virus was declared eradicated, but was re-discovered 16 years later in aborting marine mammals in the Pacific Basin Sixty-six years after discovery, the first human infections were published as a blistering disease of the hands, feet and face. This virus (genus Vesivirus) with large, diverse ocean reservoirs in fish, shellfish, seals and whales had become a human pathogen. Pathogenic vesiviruses can be associated with abortion, encephalitis, myocarditis, pancreatitis, blistering, hemorrhagic death and hepatitis among domestic animals, zoo-animals and marine mammals. Human involvement is less defined except for blistering and as we report here, hepatitis. Over 1000 sera collected from blood-donors, both normal and with suspected ...
The Toyota Mirai FCV has an EPA-estimated driving range of 502 km on a single fill of hydrogen, making it the distance champ of Zero Emission vehicles.
FCV - Formation Continue Vétérinaire. Looking for abbreviations of FCV? It is Formation Continue Vétérinaire. Formation Continue Vétérinaire listed as FCV
The first randomized controlled trial on FCV® has now been published, demonstrating that during laryngeal surgery Tritube improves visibility of the surgical site as compared with a MLT 6.0. Moreover, the group of Prof Schumann showed that FCV® improves lung.... ...
"Three-year duration of immunity in cats following vaccination against feline rhinotracheitis virus, feline calicivirus, and ... Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a virus of the family Caliciviridae that causes disease in cats. It is one of the two important ... Feline vaccination "ICTV Taxonomy history: Feline calicivirus". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). ... Ossiboff R, Sheh A, Shotton J, Pesavento P, Parker J (2007). "Feline caliciviruses (FCVs) isolated from cats with virulent ...
Feline calicivirus Vesicular exanthema of swine virus Other, unofficial Vesi-like viruses include canine calicivirus, San ... Serological relationships between different members are found (among Feline calicivirus). Cross-reactivity is found. Cross- ... Diseases associated with this genus include: respiratory disease, Feline calicivirus (FCV); conjunctivitis, and respiratory ... "Calicivirus isolate Allston 2008/US, complete genome". Retrieved 29 October 2016. "Calicivirus isolate Geel 2008/Belgium non- ...
... feline calicivirus, H. influenzae, infectious bursal disease virus, Neisseria meningitidis, Newcastle disease virus, and ... "The challenge for the next generation of feline calicivirus vaccines". Veterinary Microbiology. 117 (1): 14-18. doi:10.1016/j. ...
"Three-year duration of immunity in cats following vaccination against feline rhinotracheitis virus, feline calicivirus, and ... The other important cause of feline respiratory disease is feline calicivirus. FVR is very contagious and can cause severe ... It is also commonly referred to as feline influenza, feline coryza, and feline pneumonia but, as these terms describe other ... Effectiveness was demonstrated in a clinical study with cats experimentally infected with feline herpesvirus: 20 cats were ...
Feline calicivirus (FCV), a common viral cause of respiratory infection in cats. Feline parvovirus, which causes feline ... Epilepsy in cats is rare likely because there is no hereditary component to epilepsy in cats. Feline asthma Feline hepatic ... feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV-1), feline calicivirus (FCV), and feline panleukopenia virus (FPV). The decision on whether to ... Feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV), a mutation of feline enteric coronavirus (FECV/FeCoV) that causes feline infectious ...
Cats receive a vaccination that protects them against feline enteritis, rhinotracheitis and Calicivirus. Dogs receive ... Cat breeds such as the Savannah cat, Safari cat, Chausie and Bengal cat are banned from entering Australia, according to the ... Dogs and cats are the most popular types of pets that are shipped. From the total amount of pets shipped via aeroplane each ... "Fees for cat and dog import permit applications - Department of Agriculture". www.agriculture.gov.au. 4 February 2020. "What is ...
Malik YS, Goyal SM (May 2006). "Virucidal efficacy of sodium bicarbonate on a food contact surface against feline calicivirus, ... Lages SL, Ramakrishnan MA, Goyal SM (February 2008). "In-vivo efficacy of hand sanitisers against feline calicivirus: a ... Phenols are toxic to cats and newborn humans Phenol is probably the oldest known disinfectant as it was first used by Lister, ... "Phenol and Phenolic Poisoning in Dogs and Cats". peteducation.com. Archived from the original on 19 September 2016. "PHENOL - ...
Feline calicivirus (FCV)-a member of the Vesivirus-represents an important pathogen of cats.[citation needed] Sapovirus, ... Diseases associated with this family include feline calicivirus (respiratory disease), rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (often ... cats, chickens, reptiles, dolphins and amphibians. The caliciviruses have a simple construction and are not enveloped. The ... Caliciviruses Human caliciviruses Stanford University Virus Pathogen Database and Analysis Resource (ViPR): Caliciviridae ...
Jimenez L, Chiang M (2006). "Virucidal activity of a quaternary ammonium compound disinfectant against feline calicivirus: a ... D'Souza DH, Sair A, Williams K, Papafragkou E, Jean J, Moore C, Jaykus L (2006). "Persistence of caliciviruses on environmental ... Clarke IN, Lambden PR (May 2000). "Organization and expression of calicivirus genes". The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 181 ...
May 2013). "Structures of the compact helical core domains of feline calicivirus and murine norovirus VPg proteins" (PDF). ... The VPg primers of caliciviruses, whose structures are only beginning to be revealed, are much larger than those of the ...
Some examples are canine distemper virus, adenovirus type 1 and 2, parainfluenza virus and feline calicivirus. Those viral ... parainfluenza virus and feline calicivirus benefit a bacterial infection which ends in pneumonia. Parasites, for example lung ... Dogs and cats who develop pneumonia usually show symptoms like moist or productive cough, followed by nasal discharge and ... This life-threatening illness is more common in cats than in dogs and the complication "Kennel Cough" can occur in young pets. ...
Malik YS, Goyal SM (May 2006). "Virucidal efficacy of sodium bicarbonate on a food contact surface against feline calicivirus, ...
RFeIFN-ω, delivered topically, is ineffective against feline upper respiratory tract disease caused by feline calicivirus. Yang ... It is used to treat a range of viral diseases in cats and dogs, including canine parvovirus, feline leukemia virus (FeLV), and ... "Limited efficacy of topical recombinant feline interferon-omega for treatment of cats with acute upper respiratory viral ... The feline interferon "omega" gene was first cloned in 1992. It was first produced in silkworms by Ueda and coworkers in 1993. ...
Malik YS, Goyal SM (May 2006). "Virucidal efficacy of sodium bicarbonate on a food contact surface against feline calicivirus, ...
However, URI in cats can also be caused by herpesvirus, calicivirus, Mycoplasma species, or Chlamydia psittaci. An intranasal ... It is a serious disease of dogs, pigs, and rabbits, and has been seen in cats, horses, and seals. A PCR test for the pathogen ... Cats infected with B. bronchiseptica have been seen with tracheobronchitis, conjunctivitis, and rhinitis (upper respiratory ... Humans are not natural carriers of B. bronchiseptica, which typically infects the respiratory tracts of smaller mammals (cats, ...
Malik, Y; Goyal, S (2006). "Virucidal efficacy of sodium bicarbonate on a food contact surface against feline calicivirus, a ...
... feline calicivirus,hepatitis A,lentivirus, influenza A and B,rabies virus,rotavirus,tomato and pepino mosaic virus. Since 2004 ... 2009). "A novel method for concentrating hepatitis A virus and caliciviruses from bottled water". Journal of Virological ...
"Evaluation of silver-infused polylactide films for inactivation of Salmonella and feline calicivirus in vitro and on fresh-cut ...
Feline rhinotracheitis/panleukopenia/calicivirus vaccines should be given as kittens, a year later and then every three years. ... from Pet Cancer Center 2006 Feline Vaccination Guidelines (Summary) Cat Vaccines Can Lead to Cancer (Cat diseases, Sarcoma, ... A vaccine-associated sarcoma (VAS) or feline injection-site sarcoma (FISS) is a type of malignant tumor found in cats (and ... Vaccine-Associated Feline Sarcoma Task Force (VAFSTF) Vaccines and Sarcomas Informational Brochure from the Cornell Feline ...
"Most deaths have resulted from the calicivirus, secondary infections such as upper respiratory infections and pneumonia, and ... "We take in cats that others reject. We take in cats that others will not take," Bruno added. "I am giving these cats a chance ... including sick and dehydrated cats and dead cats in litter boxes, burial pits and freezers. Over 600 cats were removed from the ... Tiger Ranch Cat Sanctuary was a 27-acre (110,000 m2) cat sanctuary located in Frazer Township, Pennsylvania and operated by ...
Domestic cats also transmit diseases to the Scottish wildcat such as feline calicivirus, feline coronavirus, feline foamy virus ... feline herpesvirus, feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus. Scottish wildcats have also often been killed to ... The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). Cat News. Special Issue 11: 16- ... Since 2017, the Cat Classification Task Force of the Cat Specialist Group recognizes Felis silvestris silvestris as the valid ...
... feline calicivirus, leptospirosis, bovine brucellosis, rinderpest and anaplasmosis. During the canine distemper outbreak of ... 357-358 Macdonald 1992, p. 118 Hunter, Luke & Hinde, Gerald (2005) Cats of Africa, Struik, ISBN 1-77007-063-X Savage, R. J. G ... 138-139 Jonathan Scott & Angela Scott (2006). Big Cat Diary: Leopard. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-00-721181-4. Balme, Guy; Hunter, Luke ... estimated to have up to a thousand resident hyenas which survive by scavenging rubbish tips and preying on feral dogs and cats ...
... cat common cold). This is the disease most commonly associated with the "cat flu" misnomer. Feline calicivirus-(cat respiratory ... Cat Flu Symptoms and Treatment Cat Health (sniksnak.com) Cat Care Vaccination (cats.org.uk) Feline upper respiratory tract ... Cat flu is the common name for a feline upper respiratory tract disease. While feline upper respiratory disease can be caused ... Avian flu can also infect cats, but "cat flu" is generally a misnomer, since it usually does not refer to an infection by an ...
Bordetella bronchiseptica Chlamydophila felis Feline calicivirus Feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR) FHV-1 Cat-scratch disease ... Feline acne Feline asthma Feline cognitive dysfunction Feline coronavirus Feline cystitis Feline cutaneous asthenia Feline ... Aspergillosis Avian influenza in cats Bladder cancer in cats and dogs Bone cancer in cats and dogs Cancer in cats Cat flu, an ... distemper Feline foamy virus Feline hepatic lipidosis Feline hyperadrenocorticism Feline hyperaldosteronism Feline ...
"Prevalence of antibodies to feline parvovirus, calicivirus, herpesvirus, coronavirus, and immunodeficiency virus and of feline ... Also, while the feline leukemia virus may cause symptomatic illness in an infected cat, an FIV infected cat can remain ... Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a Lentivirus that affects cats worldwide, with 2.5% to 4.4% of felines being infected. ... Early detection helps maintain the cat's health and prevents spreading infection to other cats. With proper care, infected cats ...
Canine distemper Canine influenza Canine parvovirus Chlamydia Feline calicivirus Feline distemper Feline leukemia Feline viral ...
... calicivirus, feline MeSH B04.820.095.887.900 - vesicular exanthema of swine virus MeSH B04.820.110.150 - closterovirus MeSH ... calicivirus, feline MeSH B04.909.777.162.887.900 - vesicular exanthema of swine virus MeSH B04.909.777.270 - encephalitis ... feline MeSH B04.820.650.589.530.400 - immunodeficiency virus, feline MeSH B04.820.650.589.600 - lentiviruses, ovine-caprine ... feline MeSH B04.909.777.731.589.530.400 - immunodeficiency virus, feline MeSH B04.909.777.731.589.600 - lentiviruses, ovine- ...
... accelerated hydrogen peroxide has been reported to show effectiveness against feline calicivirus, a surrogate for norovirus. " ...
Germany Feline calicivirus Female copulatory vocalization Flow control valve Ford Crown Victoria Forest City Velodrome, in ...
... abrogating the requirement of VPg in initial infection whereas studies with feline calicivirus confirmed that the VPg protein ... Burroughs JN, Brown F. Presence of a covalently linked protein on calicivirus rna. J Gen Virol. 1978;41(2):443-446. Van der ... and later seen in caliciviruses. VPg must undergo post-translational uridylylation before it can act as a primer for ... A protein, vpg, covalently linked to 36s calicivirus rna. J Gen Virol. 1980;47(1):215-220. Goodfellow I, Chaudhry Y, Richardson ...
discovered that a 22-day long gastroenteritis outbreak in an elderly home was caused by astrovirus type 1 and calicivirus 1988 ... Feline astrovirus 1, Porcine astrovirus 1, Mink astrovirus 1 and Ovine astrovirus 1. Astroviruses have a star-like appearance ...
They also use their teeth and claws as weapons of defense and they can jump like a cat. They are quiet like a cat and ... Rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD), also known as viral hemorrhagic disease (VHD) or rabbit calicivirus disease (RCD), is caused ... They are often compared to guinea pigs but they may be as similar, in care and behaviour, to guinea pigs as they are to cats. ... Beginning in the 1980s, the idea of the domestic rabbit as a house companion, a so-called house rabbit similar to a house cat, ...
In Australia, red foxes and feral cats have contributed to many native mammals becoming threatened or extinct which has led to ... It involves spreading a disease, for example "rabbit calicivirus disease", through bait or through capture and release programs ... 19: 249-263(15). Pech, R. P.; Hood, G. M. (1998). "Foxes, rabbits, alternative prey and rabbit calicivirus disease: ... Examples of invasive species include: "cats (Felis catus), rats (Rattus rattus), mongoose (Urva auropunctata), stoats (Mustela ...
Additionally, feral cats, mainly juveniles, can be part of their prey. The primary native prey of wedge-tailed eagles is ... Rabbit Calicivirus) in 1996. Australian Field Ornithology, 36, 11-12. Saunders, D. A. (1982). The breeding behaviour and ... in western New South Wales and the influence of rabbit calicivirus disease. Wildlife Research, 29(2), 175-184. Aumann, T. (2001 ... in western New South Wales and the influence of rabbit calicivirus disease." Wildlife Research 29.2 (2002): 175-184. Richards, ...
In 2005, the Point Pearce Community was involved in feral cat trapping work. This was undertaken to reduce feral cat predation ... In March 1995 trials started on Wardang Island of the rabbit calicivirus causing rabbit haemorrhagic disease (RHD). In October ... As of 1996, they included Tammar wallabies, rabbits, feral cats, two camels and eight donkeys. Reptiles are present on the ...
Most domestic cats are incapable of killing healthy, full-grown adults, but will take weak and diseased ones. Does can be ... Its decline in its native range due to myxomatosis, rabbit calicivirus, overhunting and habitat loss has caused the decline of ... Both wild and domestic cats can stalk and leap upon rabbits, particularly young specimens leaving their burrows for the first ... Rabbit haemorrhagic disease (RHD), also known as viral haemorrhagic disease or rabbit calicivirus disease in Australia, is ...
The virus originated in cats, the vector of feline panleukopenia, but a mutation that changed just two amino acids in the viral ... Many other viruses, including caliciviruses, herpesviruses, adenoviruses and parvoviruses, circulate in marine mammal ... Companion animals such as cats, dogs, and horses, if not vaccinated, can catch serious viral infections. Canine parvovirus 2 is ... Murphy p. 351 Spitzer, A. L.; Parrish, C. R.; Maxwell, I. H. (1997). "Tropic determinant for canine parvovirus and feline ...
For rodent pests, cats are effective biological control when used in conjunction with reduction of "harborage"/hiding locations ... Strive, Tanja (16 July 2008). "Rabbit Calicivirus Disease (RCD)". Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation ... While cats are effective at preventing rodent "population explosions", they are not effective for eliminating pre-existing ... they are known rodent predators that can be used in addition to or instead of cats; they can be encouraged into an area with ...
Fox control programs have been in place since 1993, and the Rabbit Busters program and the release of calicivirus has reduced ... are at threat of falling prey to cats and foxes. The native Noisy Miner (Manorina melanocephala), Red Wattlebird (Anthochaera ...
Companion animals such as cats, dogs, and horses, if not vaccinated, are susceptible to serious viral infections. Canine ... Many other viruses, including caliciviruses, herpesviruses, adenoviruses and parvoviruses, circulate in marine mammal ...
... and calicivirus. In Europe, where rabbits are farmed on a large scale, they are protected against myxomatosis and calicivirus ... Brian Morris, The Power of Animals: An Ethnography, p. 177 (2000). "Year of the Cat OR Year of the Rabbit?". nwasianweekly.com ... Note that the Vietnamese zodiac includes a zodiacal cat in place of the rabbit, possibly because rabbits did not inhabit ... "cat" (卯, mao). In Japanese tradition, rabbits live on the Moon where they make mochi, the popular snack of mashed sticky rice. ...
The usual combination vaccination protects against feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR), feline calicivirus (C), and feline ... Such early neutering does not appear to have any long-term health risks to cats, and may even be beneficial in male cats. ... Felines are natural carnivores and do not intentionally consume large quantities of carbohydrates. The domestic cat's liver has ... The enzymes that breakdown amino acids are constantly active in cats. Thus, cats need a constant source of protein in their ...
... is found in up to 40 percent of cats. It commonly causes a self-limiting upper-respiratory infection, but a rare, virulent ... Cats who appear healthy cats and cats who have recovered from infection may be carriers. These cats may intermittently shed the ... spoke about feline calicivirus. In general, calicivirus infection may occur in cats with other infections, including herpes and ... Feline calicivirus (FCV) is found in up to 40 percent of cats. It commonly causes a self-limiting upper-respiratory infection, ...
You could easily spread this deadly disease to a clean cattery or your own or a friends cat. We as breeders do what we can to ... My wonderful vet has just alerted me to Virulent Systemic Feline Calicivirus. If you are a cattery shopper please STOP. ... My wonderful vet has just alerted me to Virulent Systemic Feline Calicivirus. If you are a cattery shopper please STOP. You ... Breeder Prefix Registered with QFA (Queensland Feline Association) and CCCQ (Canine Control Council Queensland). ...
Efficacy of Chemical Treatments Against Murine Norovirus, Feline Calicivirus, and MS2 Bacteriophage. ...
Feline Calicivirus Feline calicivirus infection is a common cause of upper respiratory infections in cats. More than 40 strains ... Cat Owners Home Veterinary Handbook, Fully Revised and Updated. Many veterinary treatments for cats were based on research ... Delicious Home Meals For Cats & Dogs. Dinner PAWsible is a collection of more than fifty cat and dog food recipes that will ... Please Sign Up To Receive The Most Popular Crazy Cat Video Of The Fortnight. Please Sign Up To Receive A Bi-Weekly Update On ...
Feline calicivirus. FDA. Food and Drug Administration. FN. False negative. FP. False positive. ...
Dont worry, you cant get herpes from your cat!. Feline calicivirus. FCV can also cause a variety of clinical syndromes ... Feline Urinary Syndrome (FUS). Feline urinary syndrome or FUS is the name given to a group of symptoms that occur in the cat ... Some common causes are feline herpes virus type 1 (FHV-1); feline calicivirus (FCV); and Chlamydia psittaci (a bacteria-like ... Cat Allergies. Here are some highlights from the article in CATS Magazine, April 1992, pertaining to cats with allergies. ...
Catster is your go to source for cat news and expert insights. ... Learn more about Adoption in this article written about the cat ... Calicivirus is another common respiratory disease in cats. The virus attacks the respiratory tract (nasal passages and lungs), ... If you have existing cats, keep the new cat quarantined for health reasons and to give the cats time to get to know one another ... By adopting, you save that life and free up space for another cat. But, what should you be looking for in your new rescue cat? ...
keywords = "Feline calicivirus, Lettuce, Norovirus, Oyster, RT-PCR, Rapid detection",. author = "Lee, {Soo Yeon} and Jang, { ... Lee, SY, Jang, KI, Woo, GJ, Kwak, HS & Kim, KY 2007, Development of protocol for the effective detection of feline calicivirus ... Development of protocol for the effective detection of feline calicivirus as norovirus surrogate in oyster and lettuce. Korean ... Development of protocol for the effective detection of feline calicivirus as norovirus surrogate in oyster and lettuce. In: ...
Learn which vaccinations are reccomended for your dog or cat with the advice of holistic veterinarian Dr. Michael Dym. ... Vaccinations for cats. Cat Age. Panleukopenia. Rhinotracheitis. Calicivirus. Leukemia Virus. Rabies. FIV Virus. Others ( ... known as feline parvovirus), feline rhinotracheitis virus and feline calici virus. This 3 in one vaccination offers protection ... Adult and senior cats are much less susceptible to becoming infected with feline leukemia virus, so I do not usually recommend ...
Explore our database of articles on cat health, behaviour and advice. You can search by keyword, date published, title or by ... Why is my cat sneezing? Feline herpes virus and feline calicivirus. Read article ... Why is my cat being sick? Cat vomiting causes, symptoms and treatment. Read More ... Cat Advice. Small Pets Advice. Blog. Client Care. 24/7 Pet Emergency Hospitals. Online Payment. Join The Conversation. ...
Categories: Calicivirus, Feline Image Types: Photo, Illustrations, Video, Color, Black&White, PublicDomain, CopyrightRestricted ...
What vaccines do cats need? How often should cats get shots? Are we under-vaccinating or over-vaccinating our cats? ... When it comes to shots for cats, cat parents have tons of questions. ... feline calicivirus and rabies.. "One dose will probably immunize cats longer than one year, but legally if the cat does bite ... Feline calicivirus (FCV). 2. Noncore vaccines should be administered to cats in specific risk categories on the basis of an ...
Taking your cat to the vet for regular vet visits will help your cat live as happy and healthy of a life that they can. ... The Top 6 Halloween Cat Safety Tips An Increase in "Blocked Cats" During Autumn? How to Get a Urine Sample from a Cat Why Do ... If your cat has a chronic disease, something he was diagnosed with at a previous visit (e.g. diabetes, kidney disease, heart ... Older cats dont usually need to visit the vet as often as young kittens, but they are more likely to develop health problems ...
Read here to learn more about Tonkinese cats, their characteristics, personality traits, and other information about this cat ... Feline calicivirus disease. *Rabies. *Feline viral rhinotracheitis. *Feline panleukopenia. Depending on your cats risk of ... History of Tonkinese Cats. The Tonkinese cat is a cross between the Burmese and the Siamese. The first ever Tonkinese cat, Wong ... Some cats may also have difficulty breathing.. Special Considerations for Tonkinese Cats. The Tonkinese cat personality is ...
For cats: feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, and panleukopenia. *A current City of Denver dog/cat license *Fees are: $ ... Denver requires any dog or cat over the age of 6 months to be spayed or neutered. An intact permit allows an exception to this ... Current City of Denver dog/cat license ($15 one year, $40 for three years and $150 for lifetime). ...
Feline Calicivirus (VN). Detection of antibodies to feline calicivirus (FCV) by virus neutralization. ... Detection of antibodies to feline parvovirus (PLP) by HI, feline calicivirus (FCV) by VN, and feline herpesvirus FHV) by VN. ... Feline Calicivirus (rtPCR). Detection of feline calicivirus (FCV) by real time PCR. ... Feline. Feline Tests (228). An accession fee of $8.00 is applied to each accession/case, not each specimen. An accession is ...
Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis Calicivirus and Panleukopenia. Veterinary. Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis Calicivirus Panleukopenia ... Feline viral rhinotracheitis calici and panleuk. Unclassified. Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis Calici and Panleukopenia. ... Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis Calcivirus Panleukopenia. Unclassified. Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis Chlamydia And Panleukopenia. ...
A feline veterinarian shares routine wellness tips for the mighty outside cat. ... Calicivirus. *Feline leukemia virus (FeLv). Prioritize preventive care, if at all possible, considering outdoor cats proximity ... "Overall, outdoor cats and barn cats need more protection than indoor cats. Outdoor cats are at a greater risk for dying young, ... Offer outdoor cats a safe, warm place to sleep, such as an insulated or heated cat house, which is perfect for keeping outdoor ...
Feline calicivirus. In a 1999 paper, Dr Schultz outlined the duration of immunity for several vaccines. In other words … how ... "With modified live virus vaccines like canine parvovirus, canine distemper and feline panleukopenia, calicivirus and ... Did you know your dogs (and cats) vaccines last a lot longer than 3 years? In fact, most pet vaccines protect for a minimum ... What everyone needs to know about canine and feline vaccination programs. 2008 Conference of the AHVMA. 2008. ...
FVRCP: This is a feline vaccine that protects against three viruses--rhinotracheitis, calicivirus and panleukopenia. These ... FeLV: Feline leukemia is a highly contagious virus that is a risk for cats that are going to be outdoors. Cats should be tested ... Kittens and Adult Cats:. * 8 weeks old: FVRCP booster 1, feline leukemia test. ... 12 weeks old: FVRCP booster 2, feline leukemia (FeLV) booster 1. * 16 weeks old: FVRCP booster 3, FeLV booster 2, Rabies 1 yr; ...
Cat flu (Calicivirus and Herpesvirus). Cat flu is still a very common condition in populations of unvaccinated cats. The ... Young cats, elderly cats and cats with other diseases tend to be affected more severely and can die. Once infected the ... Feline leukaemia virus (FeLV). This is a very important viral disease which is spread by close contact with an infected cat. ... All cats should be vaccinated against cat flu, even those who do not have access to the outside environment. ...
pets.ca is Canadas source for info on pets including dogs cats birds and more. We have articles and information, pet store, ... Vacciations and calici virus Views: 1,281 Posted By pbpatti Welcome to pets Crochetnana! Sugarcatmom is very.... Welcome to ... The Edmonton Humane Society has TVs in the cat.... The Edmonton Humane Society has TVs in the cat wards in the back and they ... Forum: Cat health - Ask members * If your pet is vomiting-bleeding-diarrhea etc. Vet time! June 10th, 2014, 08:38 PM ...
Mapping of antigenic sites involved in neutralization on the capsid protein of feline calicivirus. J. Gen. Virol. 78, 303-305. ... Katayama, H., and Vinjé, J. (2017). "Norovirus and other Calicivirus," in Water and Sanitation for the 21st Century: Health and ... 2019). Calicivirus VP2 forms a portal-like assembly following receptor engagement. Nature 565, 377-381. doi: 10.1038/s41586-018 ...
Cats: Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus and Panleukopenia (FVRCP).. These should be valid at the time of import and ... and making sure your dog or cat is properly microchipped and vaccinated against rabies. Experts also recommend crate training, ...
Standard "core" shelter vaccinations for cats include: rhinotracheitis, calicivirus and panleukopenia.. Rabbit adoption fees ... Cat adoption fees include:. *An in-shelter physical performed by staff. *First round of standard shelter "core" vaccinations ( ... All BC SPCA cat adoptions include a microchip and lifetime registration with the BC Pet Registry. Registration is $45 for ...
Survival on uncommon fomites of feline calicivirus, a surrogate of noroviruses. American journal of infection control. 2006;34( ... Rockx B, de Wit M, Vennema H, Vinjé J, de Bruin E, van Duynhoven Y, et al. Natural history of human calicivirus infection: a ... DSouza DH, Sair A, Williams K, Papafragkou E, Jean J, Moore C, et al. Persistence of caliciviruses on environmental surfaces ...
Feline herpesvirus intranasal MLV: 2 days8. *Feline calicivirus MLV: 7 days4 ... 2013 AAFP Feline Vaccination Guidelines, the American Association of Feline Practitioners Feline Vaccine Advisory Panel Report ... 1986 Nov;41(3):323-30; Responses of Cats to Nasal Vaccination with a Live, Modified Feline Herpesvirus Type 1. ... and the cat from feline panleukopenia virus (FPV).. Other facilities simply havent yet analyzed their current intake ...
Feline Calicivirus (Norovirus). Rotavirus WA. Herpes simplex virus type 1. Hepres simplex virus type 2. Respiratory syncytial ... 26.5 x 20.3 cm (10.4 x 8.0 in). Trap + Lock: Dirt, dust, hair & allergens (common inanimate allergens from cat and dog dander ... feather duster, **common inanimate allergens from cat and dog dander & dust mite matter. Swiffer Super Extender Handle Starter ...
ANIMALS 177 shelter cats with FPV infection. PROCEDURES Medical records of cats treated for FPV infection from 2011 through ... Risk of nonsurvival was greater in cats with (vs without) signs of lethargy, rectal temperature , 37.9°C (I00.2°F), or low body ... RESULTS Median survival time after hospital admission was 3 days; 20.3% (36/177) of cats survived to discharge from the ... CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE Results suggested that FPV infection carried a poor prognosis for shelter cats. Several ...
  • Panleukopenia is the feline parvovirus, and it can spread quickly through a population of unvaccinated kittens. (catster.com)
  • The core viral vaccinations to use in kittens are feline panleukopenia (known as feline parvovirus), feline rhinotracheitis virus and feline calici virus. (1800petmeds.com)
  • Detection of antibodies to feline parvovirus (PLP) by HI, feline calicivirus (FCV) by VN, and feline herpesvirus FHV) by VN. (tamu.edu)
  • With modified live virus vaccines like canine parvovirus, canine distemper and feline panleukopenia, calicivirus and rhinotracheitis the virus in the vaccine must replicate to stimulate the immune system. (dogsnaturallymagazine.com)
  • Within 3 to 4 days, the dog may be fully protected from CDV and canine parvovirus (CPV), and the cat from feline panleukopenia virus (FPV). (maddiesfund.org)
  • Effectively kill parvovirus and feline calicivirus. (pbsanimalhealth.com)
  • Serologic testing was performed to assess exposure to common canine and feline pathogens (canine adenovirus, canine distemper, canine herpesvirus, canine parvovirus, feline calicivirus, feline enteric coronavirus, feline herpesvirus, Dirofilaria immitis , and Toxoplasma gondii ). (vin.com)
  • Protects cats against the most threatening viral infections-calicivirus, herpes virus, and the deadly feline parvovirus, panleukopenia. (talynnkingcoons.com)
  • Glimmermann disinfectants elimate bacteria, fungi, unplesant odours and aids in the control of dangerous diseases like Parvovirus (Type 2), Kennel Cough, and Feline Calicivirus. (petconnection.ie)
  • Feline panel includes includes PCR testing for Clostridium perfringens enterotoxin gene, net F toxin gene-C. perfringens, C. difficile, Campylobacter jejuni and coli, feline panleukopenia virus (FPV), Salmonella spp. (tamu.edu)
  • For cats, it's feline herpesvirus, calicivirus and panleukopenia virus. (wormsandgermsblog.com)
  • Vaccinated with Few-O-Vax PCT + CaliciVax at 8 and 12 weeks ( A quality vaccine that protects against feline rhinotracheitis, feline panleukopenia virus, and feline calicivirus). (talynnkingcoons.com)
  • Detection of feline herpesvirus type 1 (FHV-1) by real time PCR. (tamu.edu)
  • Feline Herpesvirus: Herpervirus causes a highly contagious respiratory problem called feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR). (eaglepack.com)
  • I would not bring a feral cat inside to mix with existing cats until you are sure she/he is negative for the regular diseases such as FIV, FeLV, FIP, cat colds (herpesvirus or calicivirus), Panleukopenia. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • 1. FVRCP - a 3-in-one vaccine that protects cats from feline distemper (panleukopenia) and upper respiratory illnesses (feline herpesvirus and feline calicivirus). (pet-kirari.com)
  • To be exact, more than 1.6 million cats and kittens annually, according to the ASPCA. (catster.com)
  • On the other paw, the faster cats, especially kittens, are removed from even the best of shelters into a home environment, the less exposure they will have to infectious disease in the first place. (catster.com)
  • Older cats don't usually need to visit the vet as often as young kittens, but they are more likely to develop health problems as they get older. (embracepetinsurance.com)
  • Vaccines or immunization shots are needed much more often in kittens than in adult cats. (embracepetinsurance.com)
  • Sources report that one un-spayed female cat and her offspring can produce more than 60,000 kittens in their lifetime. (valleyvet.com)
  • Before the development of an effective vaccination, this disease was a common cause of death, particularly in kittens and young cats. (chartervets.com)
  • Those deemed at risk include kittens and immune-compromised cats). (harmonyvetcare.com)
  • Severe URIs however, can lead to depression and a refusal to eat, which can be fatal in young kittens or senior cats who grow weak quickly without regular nutrition and adequate hydration. (petmd.com)
  • Kittens and senior cats with less robust immune systems, are more prone to catching URIs. (petmd.com)
  • No doubt the scariest problems are panleukopenia (feline distemper) and feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). (catster.com)
  • Feline distemper is also severe and can be fatal. (eaglepack.com)
  • Vaccines for feline and canine distemper, diseases that can cause death, brain damage, and other health complications, are recommended every three years. (daytonsouthvet.com)
  • A few non-core vaccines include those for feline leukemia, bordetella (feline & canine), canine influenza, and lyme disease (canine). (eaglepack.com)
  • There are many other organisms that may play a role in causing respiratory infections, including feline bordetella, chlamydophila, mycoplasma, and cryptococcus . (petmd.com)
  • It is a viral disease which is spread in cat faeces and can survive in the environment for long periods of time. (chartervets.com)
  • This is a very important viral disease which is spread by close contact with an infected cat. (chartervets.com)
  • They show no visible clinical signs but are still shedding viral particles and are infectious to other cats. (petmd.com)
  • When stress decreases immune function, the feline herpes virus comes out of remission, and the cat starts shedding viral particles, becoming clinical for the disease. (petmd.com)
  • FeLV and FIV viral status should be evaluated as a general rule in cats with any oral inflammation as this may be a sign of either. (veterinaryonlinecourses.com)
  • Detection of antigen to feline leukemia virus (FELV) by ELISA. (tamu.edu)
  • Feline herpes virus notoriously leads to sneezing, which in turn leads to aerosol transmission. (petmd.com)
  • Feline herpes virus is unique because it can go into a dormant state where the virus is still present, but the cat is not actively shedding the virus at that time. (petmd.com)
  • Detection of antibodies to feline immunodeficiency virus by ELISA. (tamu.edu)
  • Detection of feline immunodeficiency virus by PCR. (tamu.edu)
  • While periodontal disease is seen in cats of all ages, it is generally considered to progress with age, although its extent and severity are impacted on by such factors as diet and co-morbid disease (especially kidney disease and infection with feline immunodeficiency virus and/or feline calicivirus). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Cats that have a diagnosis of feline leukemia or feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) are significantly more prone to URIs. (petmd.com)
  • The high number of individuals infected with the several strains of lion Feline Immunodeficiency Virus now identified is worrisome, as it has belatedly been recognized that this virus erodes immune competence over time as similar among domestic cats. (lionalert.org)
  • Feline immunodeficiency virus ( FIV ) is a Lentivirus that affects cats worldwide, with 2.5% to 4.4% [1] [2] of felines being infected. (wikipedia.org)
  • FIP itself is not contagious - though the benign enteric feline coronavirus that mutates in some cats into FIP is contagious. (catster.com)
  • VPg), 10-15 kDa] is covalently linked to the 5-terminus of General y, caliciviruses are stable in the environment and enteric genomic RNAs, which are also polyadenylated at their 3-termini caliciviruses are acid-stable. (cdc.gov)
  • Current guidelines recommend that only 'at risk' cats are vaccinated against feline leukemia virus. (harmonyvetcare.com)
  • I spoke with leaders with undeniable expertise, many who helped craft the American Association of Feline Practitioners ' (AAFP) Guidelines for Vaccines. (catster.com)
  • The American Association of Feline Practitioners (an organization in the United States), as well as many feral cat organizations, recommends against euthanizing FIV-positive cats, or even spending funds to test for the virus, as spaying or neutering cats seems to effectively control transmission (spayed/neutered cats are less likely to engage in territorial fights). (wikipedia.org)
  • Detection of antibodies against feline coronavirus (FCoV), some strains of which are the causative agent of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), by indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA). (tamu.edu)
  • In the five months that the novel coronavirus has spread from Wuhan, China, to sicken millions of people around the world and kill more than 169,000, a uthorities have reported that two dogs and two cats have tested positive for the pathogen. (vin.com)
  • Dr. Dean Vicksman, a private practicing veterinarian in Denver, Colorado, who once served as the chair of the board of directors of the Denver Dumb Friends League and currently is a board member for the Winn Feline Foundation. (catster.com)
  • While Winn Feline Foundation-funded research now shows promise for some drugs to treat FIP, nothing has yet been approved by the FDA. (catster.com)
  • Because they're not seeing a veterinarian, I find that some people are just unaware of what vaccines are needed," adds Shila Nordone, PhD, immediate past president of the Winn Feline Foundation board of directors and Director of Research Development, Duke University Nicholas School of the Environment. (catster.com)
  • Medications that commonly cause skin eruptions: penicillin, tetracycline, neomycin and panleukopenia vaccine.Each drug causes different symptoms, but the symptoms differ from cat to cat. (fanciers.com)
  • A cat at the vet about to get a vaccine. (catster.com)
  • Every several years, feline experts come together to update the AAFP vaccine guidelines. (catster.com)
  • Also, concerns of some cat caretakers is a roadblock: about the need for specific vaccines, that their own cat is being vaccinated too often, concerns about injection site sarcoma (cancer at the location of the vaccine) and, in some instances, the vaccine cost. (catster.com)
  • Should rabies be a core cat vaccine? (catster.com)
  • This is a feline vaccine that protects against three viruses--rhinotracheitis, calicivirus and panleukopenia. (alaskaspca.org)
  • Cats should be tested for the presence of the virus before receiving the vaccine. (alaskaspca.org)
  • Dogs and cats receive the rabies vaccine every one to three years. (daytonsouthvet.com)
  • After the dog or cat turns one, it follows the adult vaccine schedule. (daytonsouthvet.com)
  • These cats may intermittently shed the virus for the rest of their lives while not showing illness themselves. (catwatchnewsletter.com)
  • The virus is spread from cat to cat by saliva, nasal droplets, and in rare cases in the urine and/or feces. (catwatchnewsletter.com)
  • Most cats with this version of the virus will die. (catwatchnewsletter.com)
  • More than 40 strains of the virus may cause calicivirus in cats and determine the severity of the disease. (petcathealth.info)
  • It's similar to the virus that causes cold sores in people and can produce upper respiratory infection in cats, kind of like our common cold in many ways. (catster.com)
  • Detection of antibodies to feline calicivirus (FCV) by virus neutralization. (tamu.edu)
  • Feline leukemia is a highly contagious virus that is a risk for cats that are going to be outdoors. (alaskaspca.org)
  • Once infected the individual will carry the virus, often on a permanent basis, and potentially transmit it to any cat they meet. (chartervets.com)
  • FIV was first isolated in 1986, by Niels C Pedersen and Janet K. Yamamoto at the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine in a colony of cats that had a high prevalence of opportunistic infections and degenerative conditions and was originally called Feline T-lymphotropic virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • FIV is transmitted primarily through deep bite wounds, where the virus present in the infected cat's saliva enters the body tissues of another cat. (wikipedia.org)
  • The chance that an FIV-infected cat will pass the virus to other cats within a household is low, unless there is fighting between cats, or wounds present that could allow entry of the virus from infected to non-infected cat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Caliciviruses are similar to picornaviruses in the pres- image reconstruction of recombinant Norwalk virus-like particles ence of VPg and in sequence similarity of their RNA-directed (left). (cdc.gov)
  • Vaccinations are intended to stimulate immunity to dangerous viruses or bacteria, so that our dogs and cats are theoretically protected against these pathogens on future exposure to them. (1800petmeds.com)
  • These viruses are airborne and are often fatal for unvaccinated cats. (alaskaspca.org)
  • The viruses are passed by direct contact between cats but can also be transmitted on clothing. (chartervets.com)
  • There are several infectious agents, both viruses and bacteria, that play a role in respiratory infections in cats. (petmd.com)
  • The excessive secretions and sneezing help to spread the bacteria or viruses from one cat to another. (petmd.com)
  • However, most of the viruses commonly implicated in feline URIs do not survive on surfaces for very long. (petmd.com)
  • These other species-specific core vaccines are recommended for all dogs or cats, and are typically combined into a single injection containing multiple modified live viruses - viruses that are still alive and induce a nice immune response but are attenuated so they shouldn't cause disease. (wormsandgermsblog.com)
  • Standard "core" shelter vaccinations for cats include: rhinotracheitis, calicivirus and panleukopenia. (spca.bc.ca)
  • These core vaccinations can be started as early as 4 weeks of age in dogs and 6 weeks of age in cats, but most often pets are vaccinated at 8, 12 and 16 weeks, +/- another shot at 20 weeks. (wormsandgermsblog.com)
  • If it's been a while since your pet received its vaccinations, paying a visit to the veterinarian will help you ensure that your dog, cat, or ferret is protected. (daytonsouthvet.com)
  • At the 2018 Fred Scott Feline symposium held at the New York State College of Veterinary Medicine at Cornell University, Dr. Regina Hofmann-Lehmann, world-renowned specialist in feline infectious diseases from the University of Zurich, Switzerland, spoke about feline calicivirus. (catwatchnewsletter.com)
  • Love or hate vaccines, it's a fact: Vaccination plays an important role in the control of infectious diseases, both for an individual as well as for the cat population at large (known as herd health). (catster.com)
  • Some vets and pet owners will opt to run yearly blood work on their cats to screen for internal organ issues or diseases that are not obvious on an exam. (embracepetinsurance.com)
  • Outdoor cats are at a greater risk for dying young, getting diseases and internal parasites and experiencing dangers from outside," Dr. Peakheart said. (valleyvet.com)
  • Outdoor cats especially are at higher risk for diseases, heartworms and intestinal parasites. (valleyvet.com)
  • If cat food is left out, you can attract other animals, such as raccoons or other predators that can spread diseases like rabies and even internal parasites," said Dr. Peakheart. (valleyvet.com)
  • Which diseases can my cat be vaccinated against? (chartervets.com)
  • Young cats, elderly cats and cats with other diseases tend to be affected more severely and can die. (chartervets.com)
  • But utilizing what we now know about vaccines for the common preventable canine and feline diseases in shelter populations is possibly the single most powerful weapon we possess for stopping significant disease outbreaks in their tracks. (maddiesfund.org)
  • Similarly, cats with underlying diseases taxing their immune system are also more susceptible. (petmd.com)
  • Stress plays a huge role in many of the diseases that commonly affect cats. (petmd.com)
  • These can be devastating diseases and we want all dogs and cats vaccinated against them, and we want them protected as early in life as possible. (wormsandgermsblog.com)
  • If you have existing cats it is essential to ensure that the feral cat is checked out for chronic infectious diseases. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • The last thing you want is to bring infectious feline diseases into the home to cause illness in your existing cats. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • Low levels of CD4+ and other affected immune system cells cause the cat to be susceptible to opportunistic diseases once the disease progresses to feline acquired immune deficiency syndrome (FAIDS). (wikipedia.org)
  • On Sunday, the International Society for Infectious Diseases announced on its ProMed website that two cats in New York - the first pets in the United States - reportedly tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. (vin.com)
  • In general, calicivirus infection may occur in cats with other infections, including herpes and mycoplasma. (catwatchnewsletter.com)
  • Maine Coon cats seem to have a high risk for FCV infection, which may be associated with early periodontal disease in that breed," says Dr. Hoffmann-Lehmann. (catwatchnewsletter.com)
  • Cats who appear healthy cats and cats who have recovered from infection may be carriers. (catwatchnewsletter.com)
  • The European Advisory Board on Cat Disease (abcdcatsvets.org) suggests reducing the size of cat populations in a group to minimize the chance of infection. (catwatchnewsletter.com)
  • Feline Calicivirus Feline calicivirus infection is a common cause of upper respiratory infections in cats. (petcathealth.info)
  • FIV can be tolerated well by cats, but can eventually lead to debilitation of the immune system in its feline hosts by the infection and exhaustion of T-helper (CD4+) cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • While there is currently no evidence that dogs or cats play a role in transmitting the disease to humans, it became clear offering the test was the right thing to do when we saw clinical evidence that pets - especially cats and ferrets - can in rare cases be at risk for infection. (vin.com)
  • Infections resulting from cat bites, in both feline and human patients [ 8 ], are typically polymicrobial with a preponderance of obligate anaerobes and facultative anaerobic bacteria, of which only some are cultivatable using routine laboratory methods. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Typically in cats with hyperplastic feline juvenile gingivitis, periodontitis changes, including alveolar bone loss, gingival resorption, pocket formation, or root exposure, are not seen initially but may result when proper treatment is not initiated early. (veterinaryonlinecourses.com)
  • This is not typically seen in hyperplastic feline juvenile gingivitis unless treatment is not instituted or otherwise not effective. (veterinaryonlinecourses.com)
  • It should also be noted that the pathogenicity and course of disease progression of many of the feline pathogens discussed in this section have only been carefully described among domestic cats. (lionalert.org)
  • A fomite is an object that was contaminated by one cat's germs and then touched by another cat. (petmd.com)
  • The short answer is that feral cats can make good pets but, depending on the individual cat's personality and age, they can be permanently skittish or have a subdued wild side to their character which emerges from time to time. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • Because the person who socialised the cat is a damn good cat caretaker and the cat's personality lends itself to domestication. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • That method, you can test for fleas , unattended mats in your kitty's fur, and the final health of your cat's pores and skin Furthermore, brushing your cat removes extra hair. (pet-kirari.com)
  • In most strains, the calicivirus passes with treatment, but you were not as fortunate. (tabbysplace.org)
  • This is the first report of intergenogroup recombination for any calicivirus and highlights a possible route of zoonoses because sapovirus strains that infect pig species belong to genogroup III. (cdc.gov)
  • 1. Core vaccines are those recommended for all cats. (catster.com)
  • As a surrogate model for NVs, the cultivable feline calicivirus (FCV) that belongs to the same Caliciviridae family was used. (elsevier.com)
  • Therefore, Force of Nature can be used against monkeypox when used in accordance with the directions for use against Feline Calicivirus surrogate for Norovirus ATCC VR-782 on hard, non-porous surfaces. (forceofnatureclean.com)
  • CatWatch, the extraordinary independent newsletter produced in collaboration with the Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine Feline Health Center, is devoted to cats and those of us caring for them. (catwatchnewsletter.com)
  • Many veterinary treatments for cats were based on research conducted with dogs because it was wrongly assumed that cats were very similar. (petcathealth.info)
  • Recently, there have been giant strides in feline veterinary research. (petcathealth.info)
  • When it comes to adopting a new cat into your household, there are a few factors at play to help you make the best decision," says Shannon Bowers, a registered veterinary technician and also a claims adjuster at Embrace Pet Insurance. (catster.com)
  • For advice on caring for our outside cats, we turned to Oklahoma State University's Assistant Clinical Professor with the College of Veterinary Medicine, Dr. Sarah Peakheart. (valleyvet.com)
  • All cats should receive the following core cat vaccines , according to the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA). (valleyvet.com)
  • its larvae can infect cats, other domesticated animals and even humans, consequentially damaging the central nervous system, according to the Merck Veterinary Manual. (valleyvet.com)
  • If you do wish to travel to Europe with your cat you must seek advice from your veterinary surgery at least nine months before your intended date of travel to enable time to complete the requirements of the pet passport scheme. (chartervets.com)
  • According to Dr. Ronald D. Schultz of the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine, in many shelters there's a lack of understanding of just how fast protection from certain vaccines develops in dogs and cats, and without that awareness, a delay of a few hours or days may not seem critical. (maddiesfund.org)
  • Although you may associate rabies with dogs, cats are actually diagnosed with the disease more often according to the American Medical Veterinary Association (AVMA). (daytonsouthvet.com)
  • Chagrin Falls Veterinary Center & Pet Clinic is operated by Veterinarian & Pet Celebrity Dr. Carol Osborne, the Integrative Pet Wellness Center offers traditional & natural alternative pet health products & therapies for dogs & cats. (chagrinfallspetclinic.com)
  • Periodontal disease is highly prevalent amongst domestic cats, causing pain, gingival bleeding, reduced food intake, loss of teeth and possibly impacts on overall systemic health. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Diet has been suggested to play a role in the development of periodontal disease in cats. (biomedcentral.com)
  • There is a complete lack of information about how diet (composition and texture) affects the feline oral microbiome, the composition of which may influence oral health and the development of periodontal disease. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Indeed, some feline diets are specifically formulated to prevent and/or ameliorate the severity of feline periodontal disease. (biomedcentral.com)
  • If you do wish to travel to Europe with your cat it is necessary to administer a rabies vaccination and to fulfil several other requirements in order that we may issue your cat with a pet passport. (chartervets.com)
  • The AVMA believes that may be due to lower vaccination rates for cats, in addition to exposure to rabid animals when cats wander outdoors. (daytonsouthvet.com)
  • Feline urinary syndrome or FUS is the name given to a group of symptoms that occur in the cat secondary to inflammation, irritation, and/or obstruction of the lower urinary tract (urinary bladder, urethra, and penile urethra). (fanciers.com)
  • A cat with FUS can exhibit one, some, or even all of the symptoms. (fanciers.com)
  • And just like stress in humans can manifest those cold sores, the same is true in infected cats, as stress can prompt symptoms associated with feline upper respiratory infections. (catster.com)
  • If your cat starts showing new symptoms, such as not eating, limping, drinking or urinating a lot, throwing up , or having loose stool , go ahead and call your vet to schedule a checkup. (embracepetinsurance.com)
  • He had the Calicivirus, symptoms of which include severe inflammation of the mouth, redness and bleeding from the mouth (chronic stomatitis) and an ulcer or eroded area on the tongue (dead tissue area). (ralphbacon.blog)
  • Calicivirus (feline): A contagious upper respiratory condition leading to oral ulcerations, fever, joint pain, and anorexia in felines. (eaglepack.com)
  • Most URIs are contagious from cat to cat. (petmd.com)
  • Further evidence is the Million Cat Challenge ( millioncatchallenge.org ), which was originally launched to save the lives of one million shelter cats in North America. (catster.com)
  • And what about concerns that the shelter cat you adopt is a sick cat? (catster.com)
  • If you're the cautious type, it's reasonable to adopt a cat who's been in the shelter a while so any medical issue will perhaps have had enough time to be exposed and treated. (catster.com)
  • The street cats are in reasonably good health, have food and shelter and apparently help keep the rodent population in nearby buildings under control. (the-riotact.com)
  • Therefore, it's common for a shelter cat to show clinical signs of a URI 7-10 days after moving to a new home. (petmd.com)
  • Many cats with calicivirus infections will have swollen, painful conjunctiva around the eye, often with clear discharge. (catwatchnewsletter.com)
  • Treatment of cats with calicivirus infections is mostly supportive care. (catwatchnewsletter.com)
  • For this reason, most infections are the result of direct exposure to an infected cat. (petmd.com)
  • Immune status can also play a role in cats developing upper respiratory infections. (petmd.com)
  • A vigilant pet owner who treats secondary infections can allow an infected cat to live a reasonably long life. (wikipedia.org)
  • Written by a veterinarian certified in food therapy and an advocate for pet food safety, these recipes are also based on the National Research Council requirements for dogs and cats. (petcathealth.info)
  • Her explanation is that, for starters, too many cats never see a veterinarian until that individual cat is clearly very ill. (catster.com)
  • Obviously, if the cat isn't seeing a veterinarian, the cat isn't getting vaccinated. (catster.com)
  • What Are the Clinical Signs of Juvenile Feline Hyperplastic Gingivitis? (veterinaryonlinecourses.com)
  • Although cats rarely show clinical signs inflamed gingiva may bleed when touched during eating. (veterinaryonlinecourses.com)
  • Of those, one cat, in Belgium, reportedly had clinical signs consistent with COVID-19. (vin.com)
  • You could easily spread this deadly disease to a clean cattery or your own or a friends cat. (abanza.biz)
  • If your cat has a chronic disease , something he was diagnosed with at a previous visit (e.g. diabetes , kidney disease , heart disease, hyperthyroidism , cancer, etc.), they will probably need to be checked out more than once a year. (embracepetinsurance.com)
  • Additionally, "Heartworm disease is something indoor and outdoor cats need prevention of," Dr. Peakheart said. (valleyvet.com)
  • Protection against heartworm disease is as important for cats as it is for dogs, even though a common myth is that only dogs need protection. (valleyvet.com)
  • Transmitted by mosquitoes, heartworm disease affects a number of mammals, with some 75% of cats diagnosed with heartworms being outdoor cats. (valleyvet.com)
  • The third disease condition of the feline oral cavity is referred to as feline chronic gingivostomatitis (FCGS). (biomedcentral.com)
  • The microbiome of the gingival cleft impacts additionally on common and important feline disease conditions outside the oral cavity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • When the immune system is weakened (by stress or concurrent disease), a cat is susceptible to contracting a URI. (petmd.com)
  • Additionally, some cats can serve as carriers of upper respiratory disease. (petmd.com)
  • Veterinarians have many theories about why so many cats and dogs today suffer from chronic kidney disease and renal failure. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • Kidney disease (also referred to in medical terminology as renal disease) is a common finding in cats and dogs. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • A cat with kidney disease should not be vaccinated at all. (shirleys-wellness-cafe.com)
  • FIV+ cats can share water bowls, food bowls (for both wet and dry cat food), and use the same litter box with low danger of transmitting the disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Also, so many mostly or exclusively outdoor cats may not be vaccinated at all, and they have a potentially high exposure to skunks, raccoons and other wildlife, which may carry rabies. (catster.com)
  • Prioritize preventive care, if at all possible, considering outdoor cats' proximity to wildlife and exposure to parasites, fleas and ticks. (valleyvet.com)
  • Environmental exposure can come from food and water dishes, cages, bedding, and even humans-all of which can serve as fomites to spread URIs from cat to cat. (petmd.com)
  • This occurs when one cat sneezes near another cat, who inhales the germs. (petmd.com)
  • Serologic assays for canine and feline infectious agents performed on samples from sympatric fossas, dogs, and cats in the vicinity of the Ampijoroa forestry station are presented in Table 5. (vin.com)
  • Cats with severe ocular lesions will need gentle cleaning of the eyes and ointments multiple times a day. (catwatchnewsletter.com)
  • You were stricken with an aggressive, and almost always fatal, form of the calicivirus. (tabbysplace.org)
  • Cats may become infected without ever coming into direct contact with an infected cat. (catster.com)
  • They aim to help homeless dogs and cats in the area and to help to reduce the pressure on other rescues in the Cork area. (petconnection.ie)
  • Affected felines may suffer skin edema and ulcers in various body parts, especially the head and paws. (catwatchnewsletter.com)
  • Cats can suffer from a wide range of allergies. (fanciers.com)
  • 15% of all cats in the U.S. suffer from one or more allergies. (fanciers.com)
  • Some of these carrier cats may be symptom free but others can suffer recurrent or persistent runny noses, mouth ulcers, gum inflammation or eye ulceration. (chartervets.com)
  • On the other hand, juvenile cats with this form of oral inflammation who are not controlled aggressively at a young age suffer permanent anatomical changes and frequently progress. (veterinaryonlinecourses.com)
  • Ah, I now understood your situation: a cat with an unknown neurological condition and an unknown cardiac condition. (tabbysplace.org)
  • Direct transmission can also occur from mutual grooming and cats rubbing against one another. (petmd.com)
  • A dietary deficiency of the amino acid Taurine can also occur in cats fed primarily dog food which results in Nutritional Retinal Degeneration. (chagrinfallspetclinic.com)
  • Do feral cats make good pets? (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • there is a difference between stray and feral cats. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • Sometimes the phrase 'stray cat' can include feral cats, hence the confusion. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • Also there are community cats who are often semi-feral and even domesticated to a great extent. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • But in this post I am referring to genuine feral cats who are essentially unsocialised and wild. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • If you read stories from people who have been kind enough to adopt a feral cat, you find mixed outcomes but great patience can reap success and rewards. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • Stories of people adopting genuine, adult feral cats almost always recount sometimes years of patient socialisation with a great reward at the end when their now socialised cat jumps on their lap, purrs and reaches out their paw to touch their hand. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • Indeed there are some great stories of feral cats making fine pets. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • It's likely to be one way traffic - you giving time and effort to your feral friend - for a while which makes the end game, when the feral cat becomes domesticated (if it happens) particularly rewarding. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • I adopted a feral 7 week old feral tabby cat. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • The relationship is very close because in socialising a young feral cat you have to spend so much time with him. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • I can remember reading many stories of feral cats being helped and then becoming domesticated by a kind person. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • For most people trying to domesticate a feral cat is not recommended but the rewards are high for the right person. (pictures-of-cats.org)
  • Poison baits supposed for feral cats should be laid on the ground (as cats, not like different feral species resembling foxes, won't dig up a buried bait). (pet-kirari.com)
  • Feline chronic renal failure is progressive and terminal but may be managed for some time if diagnosed early. (fanciers.com)