A family of RNA viruses infecting a broad range of animals. Most individual species are restricted to their natural hosts. They possess a characteristic six-pointed starlike shape whose surfaces have cup-shaped (chalice) indentions. Transmission is by contaminated food, water, fomites, and occasionally aerosolization of secretions. Genera include LAGOVIRUS; NORWALK-LIKE VIRUSES; SAPPORO-LIKE VIRUSES; and VESIVIRUS.
The domestic cat, Felis catus, of the carnivore family FELIDAE, comprising over 30 different breeds. The domestic cat is descended primarily from the wild cat of Africa and extreme southwestern Asia. Though probably present in towns in Palestine as long ago as 7000 years, actual domestication occurred in Egypt about 4000 years ago. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 6th ed, p801)
Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
A greenish-yellow, diatomic gas that is a member of the halogen family of elements. It has the atomic symbol Cl, atomic number 17, and atomic weight 70.906. It is a powerful irritant that can cause fatal pulmonary edema. Chlorine is used in manufacturing, as a reagent in synthetic chemistry, for water purification, and in the production of chlorinated lime, which is used in fabric bleaching.
Signs and Symptoms, Respiratory
Neutralizing feature of commercially available feline calicivirus (FCV) vaccine immune sera against FCV field isolates. (1/88)Four types of commercially available feline calicivirus (FCV) vaccine were compared in terms of their efficacy on the basis of the ability of the sera of specific-pathogen-free cats immunized by two injections of each type of vaccine to neutralize FCV field isolates. Each vaccine immune serum neutralized relatively well strains F4, F9, and 255, which were FCV laboratory strains. As to 36 strains of field isolates, however, vaccines A, B, C, and D immune sera did not neutralize 18-20 of the strains (50.0%-55.6%), 19-22 of the strains (52.8%-61.1%), 22-25 of the strains (61.1%-69.4%), and 8-16 of the strains (22.2%-44.4%), respectively. These results indicate that there is much difference in neutralizing antigenicity between the existing vaccine strains and the FCV strains that are prevalent in Japan, suggesting the need for improvement of FCV vaccines. (+info)
Mapping of the feline calicivirus proteinase responsible for autocatalytic processing of the nonstructural polyprotein and identification of a stable proteinase-polymerase precursor protein. (2/88)Expression of the region of the feline calicivirus (FCV) ORF1 encoded by nucleotides 3233 to 4054 in an in vitro rabbit reticulocyte system resulted in synthesis of an active proteinase that specifically processes the viral nonstructural polyprotein. Site-directed mutagenesis of the cysteine (Cys1193) residue in the putative active site of the proteinase abolished autocatalytic cleavage as well as cleavage of the viral capsid precursor, suggesting that this "3C-like" proteinase plays an important role in proteolytic processing during viral replication. Expression of the region encoding the C-terminal portion of the FCV ORF1 (amino acids 942 to 1761) in bacteria allowed direct N-terminal sequence analysis of the virus-specific polypeptides produced in this system. The results of these analyses indicate that the proteinase cleaves at amino acid residues E960-A961, E1071-S1072, E1345-T1346, and E1419-G1420; however, the cleavage efficiency is varied. The E1071-S1072 cleavage site defined the N terminus of a 692-amino-acid protein that contains sequences with similarity to the picornavirus 3C proteinase and 3D polymerase domains. Immunoprecipitation of radiolabeled proteins from FCV-infected feline kidney cells with serum raised against the FCV ORF1 C-terminal region showed that this "3CD-like" proteinase-polymerase precursor protein is apparently stable and accumulates in cells during infection. (+info)
The capsid gene of feline calicivirus contains linear B-cell epitopes in both variable and conserved regions. (3/88)In order to map linear B-cell (LBC) epitopes in the major capsid protein of feline calicivirus (FCV), an expression library containing random, short (100- to 200-bp) fragments of the FCV F9 capsid gene was constructed. Analysis of this library showed it to be representative of the region of the capsid gene that encodes the mature capsid protein. The library was screened by using polyclonal antisera from a cat that had been challenged experimentally with F9 to identify immunoreactive clones containing LBC epitopes. Twenty-six clones that reacted positively to feline antisera in immunoblots were identified. FCV-derived sequence from these clones mapped to a region of the capsid that spanned 126 amino acids and included variable regions C and E. An overlapping set of biotinylated peptides corresponding to this region was used to further map LBC epitopes by using F9 antisera. Four principal regions of reactivity were identified. Two fell within the hypervariable region at the 5' end of region E (amino acids [aa] 445 to 451 [antigenic site (ags) 2] and aa 451 to 457 [ags 3]). However, the other two were in conserved regions (aa 415 to 421 [ags 1; region D] and aa 475 to 479 [ags 4; central region E]). The reactivity of the peptide set with antisera from 11 other cats infected with a range of FCV isolates was also determined. Ten of 11 antisera reacted to conserved ags 4, suggesting that this region may be useful for future recombinant vaccine design. (+info)
Analysis of the N-terminal polypeptide of the capsid precursor protein and the ORF3 product of feline calicivirus. (4/88)The N-terminal unique polypeptide region of the capsid precursor protein of feline calicivirus (FCV) and the protein encoded by ORF3 of FCV were expressed as fusion proteins with glutathione S-transferase to analyze the expressed products in FCV-infected cells. Immunoblot analysis using a serum from a cat experimentally infected with FCV indicated relatively high immunogenicity of the N-terminal polypeptide in FCV-infected cats, as compared with the ORF3 protein. Specific antisera were prepared by immunization to mice with the fused proteins and used in immunoblot analysis. A 14 kD product corresponding to the N-terminal polypeptide and a 10 kD polypeptide of the ORF3 product were identified in the FCV-infected cells but not detected in the purified particles. No neutralization activity against FCV was detected in these antisera. The proteins identified as polypeptides of 14 kD and 10 kD in this study may have functions as non-structural proteins. (+info)
Recovery and altered neutralization specificities of chimeric viruses containing capsid protein domain exchanges from antigenically distinct strains of feline calicivirus. (5/88)Feline calicivirus (FCV) strains can show significant antigenic variation when tested for cross-reactivity with antisera produced against other FCV strains. Previous work has demonstrated the presence of hypervariable amino acid sequences in the capsid protein of FCV (designated regions C and E) that were postulated to constitute the major antigenic determinants of the virus. To examine the involvement of hypervariable sequences in determining the antigenic phenotype, the nucleotide sequences encoding the E regions from three antigenically distinct parental FCV strains (CFI, KCD, and NADC) were exchanged for the equivalent sequences in an FCV Urbana strain infectious cDNA clone. Two of the three constructs were recovered as viable, chimeric viruses. In six additional constructs, of which three were recovered as viable virus, the E region from the parental viruses was divided into left (N-terminal) and right (C-terminal) halves and engineered into the infectious clone. A final viable construct contained the C, D, and E regions of the NADC parental strain. Recovered chimeric viruses showed considerable antigenic variation from the parental viruses when tested against parental hyperimmune serum. No domain exchange was able to confer complete recognition by parental antiserum with the exception of the KCD E region exchange, which was neutralized at a near-homologous titer with KCD antiserum. These data demonstrate that it is possible to recover engineered chimeric FCV strains that possess altered antigenic characteristics. Furthermore, the E hypervariable region of the capsid protein appears to play a major role in the formation of the antigenic structure of the virion where conformational epitopes may be more important than linear in viral neutralization. (+info)
Comparison of prevalence of feline herpesvirus type 1, calicivirus and parvovirus infections in domestic and leopard cats in Vietnam. (6/88)A serosurvey of feline herpesvirus type 1 (FHV-1), feline calicivirus (FCV), and feline parvovirus (FPV) in cats from Ho Chi Minh City area in southern Vietnam was conducted in December 1998, and we compared the results with our previous results in northern Vietnam (Hanoi area). The positive rate of FHV and FCV in domestic cats were 44% and 74%, respectively. They were rather higher than those in Hanoi area, while the seropositivity of FPV (44%) was similar to that in Hanoi area. In leopard cats, the positive rate of FPV was high (3/4) and it indicated that FPV was prevailing in leopard cats in Vietnam. (+info)
Identification and genomic mapping of the ORF3 and VPg proteins in feline calicivirus virions. (7/88)Two minor proteins with molecular masses of 8.5 and 15.5 kDa were identified in feline calicivirus (FCV) virions. Direct sequence analysis showed that the N-terminal sequence of the 8.5-kDa protein was identical to that of the predicted protein encoded by open reading frame 3 (ORF3) of the FCV genome. The N-terminal sequence of the 15.5-kDa protein corresponded to amino acids 961-980 of the FCV ORF1 polyprotein and mapped to the genomic location of the calicivirus VPg. Antisera raised against recombinant ORF3 protein or the N-terminal 20 amino acids of the putative VPg reacted with the corresponding proteins present in both a Western blot analysis of purified FCV virions and an immunofluorescence assay of FCV-infected cells. A comparative analysis of radioactivity incorporated into virion proteins during in vivo labeling experiments indicated that the ORF3 protein is likely present in one or two copies per virion. The mobility of the ORF3 protein present in virions was similar to that of the ORF3 protein found in FCV-infected cells or expressed in bacteria. Direct N- and C-terminal sequence analysis of the purified ORF3 protein obtained by expression in bacteria demonstrated the presence of intact, uncleaved termini, suggesting that the observed difference between the calculated and the apparent masses in SDS-PAGE was not due to proteolytic processing of the protein. (+info)
Proteinase-polymerase precursor as the active form of feline calicivirus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. (8/88)The objective of this study was to identify the active form of the feline calicivirus (FCV) RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP). Multiple active forms of the FCV RdRP were identified. The most active enzyme was the full-length proteinase-polymerase (Pro-Pol) precursor protein, corresponding to amino acids 1072 to 1763 of the FCV polyprotein encoded by open reading frame 1 of the genome. Deletion of 163 amino acids from the amino terminus of Pro-Pol (the Val-1235 amino terminus) caused a threefold reduction in polymerase activity. Deletion of an additional one (the Thr-1236 amino terminus) or two (the Ala-1237 amino terminus) amino acids produced derivatives that were 7- and 175-fold, respectively, less active than Pro-Pol. FCV proteinase-dependent processing of Pro-Pol in the interdomain region preceding Val-1235 was not observed in the presence of a catalytically active proteinase; however, processing within the polymerase domain was observed. Inactivation of proteinase activity by changing the catalytic cysteine-1193 to glycine permitted the production and purification of intact Pro-Pol. Biochemical analysis of Pro-Pol showed that this enzyme has properties expected of a replicative polymerase, suggesting that Pro-Pol is an active form of the FCV RdRP. (+info)
Molecular characterization of feline calicivirus variants from multicat household and public animal shelter in Rio de Janeiro,...
PEREIRA, Joylson de Jesus et al. Molecular characterization of feline calicivirus variants from multicat household and public animal shelter in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Braz. J. Microbiol. [online]. 2018, vol.49, n.4, pp.777-784. ISSN 1517-8382. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bjm.2018.01.003.. The aim of this study was to perform the molecular characterization of conserved and variable regions of feline calicivirus capsid genome in order to investigate the molecular diversity of variants in Brazilian cat population. Twenty-six conjunctival samples from cats living in five public short-term animal shelters and three multicat life-long households were analyzed. Fifteen cats had conjunctivitis, three had oral ulceration, eight had respiratory signs (cough, sneeze and nasal discharge) and nine were asymptomatic. Feline calicivirus were isolated in CRFK cells and characterized by reverse transcription PCR target to both conserved and variable regions of open reading frame 2. The amplicons obtained were ...
Feline Calicivirus: A Challenge for Vaccines - WSAVA2004 - VIN
Its efficacy in presence of maternally derived FCV antibodies. References. 1. Baulch-Brown, C., Love, D.N., Meanger, J., 1997. Feline calicivirus: a need for vaccine modification ? Aust. Vet. J. 75(3), 209-213.. 2. Baulch-Brown, C., Love, D.N., Meanger, J., 1999. Sequence variation within the capsid protein of Australian isolates of feline calicivirus. Vet. Microbiol. 68, 107-117.. 3. Binns, S.H., Dawson, S., Speakman, A.J., Cuevas, L.E., Hart, C.A., Gaskell, C.J., Morgan, K.L., Gaskell, R.M., 2000. A study of feline upper respiratory tract disease with reference to prevalence and risk factors for infection with feline calicivirus and feline herpesvirus. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 2, 123-133.. 4. Chappuis, G., Stellmann, C., 1974. Etude sérologique des picornavirus félins: parenté-dominance des souches. Bull.Soc.Sci.Vet et Med comparée, 76(4), 289-299.. 5. Dawson, S., McArdle, F., Bennett, D., Carter, M., Bennett, M., Ryvar, R., Gaskell, R.M., 1993. Investigation of vaccine ...
9 CFR 113.314 - Feline Calicivirus Vaccine. | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
Feline Calicivirus Vaccine shall be prepared from virus-bearing cell culture fluids. Only Master Seed Virus which has been established as pure, safe, and immunogenic shall be used for preparing the production seed virus for vaccine production. All serials of vaccine shall be prepared from the first through the fifth passage from the Master Seed Virus. (a) The Master Seed Virus shall meet the applicable general requirements prescribed in § 113.300. (b) The Master Seed Virus shall be tested for chlamydial agents as prescribed in § 113.43. (c) Each lot of Master Seed Virus used for vaccine production shall be tested for immunogenicity. The selected virus dose from the lot of Master Seed Virus shall be established as follows: (1) Thirty feline calicivirus susceptible cats shall be used as test animals (20 vaccinates and 10 controls). Throat swabs shall be collected from each cat and individually tested on susceptible cell cultures for the presence of feline calicivirus. Blood samples shall be ...
Paws and Whiskers Cat Shelter Temporarily Suspends Adoptions Due to Feline Calicivirus Infections | Paws and Whiskers
Paws and Whiskers Cat Shelter has temporarily suspended adoptions and intakes of cats and kittens after persistent cases of Feline Calicivirus - commonly known as Calici. This viral infection is common in shelters and presents as an upper respiratory infection. While usually not life-threatening, this viral infection can spread in shelter and veterinary clinics. The closure is expected to last until December 16, 2017, or until the veterinarian gives clearance.. Cats that are unaffected will still be in the main shelter but it will close during this time to allow for any other cats that may have been exposed to show symptoms. Approximately one third of the shelters cats are affected.. Paws and Whiskers is taking veterinary recommended isolation protocols for cats displaying the symptoms - runny nose and eyes, tongue sores - by moving them to their facility next door. The affected cats will be isolated and treated for their symptoms, administered new vaccines, as well as strict cleaning ...
Feline Calicivirus抗体[FCV1-43] |Abcam中国|Anti-Feline Calicivirus抗体[FCV1-43]
Feline Calicivirus小鼠单克隆抗体[FCV1-43](ab33990)经WB, ELISA, IHC实验严格验证。中国75%以上现货，所有产品均提供质保服务，可通过电话、电邮或微信获得本地专属技术支持。
α2,6-Linked sialic acid acts as a receptor for Feline calicivirus | Microbiology Society
Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a major causative agent of respiratory disease in cats. It is also one of the few cultivatable members of the family Caliciviridae. It has recently been reported that FCV binding is in part due to interaction with junction adhesion molecule-A. This report describes the characterization of additional receptor components for FCV. Chemical treatment of cells with sodium periodate showed that FCV recognized carbohydrate moieties on the surface of permissive cells. Enzymic treatment with Vibrio cholerae neuraminidase demonstrated that sialic acid was a major determinant of virus binding. Further characterization using linkage-specific lectins from Maackia amurensis and Sambucus nigra revealed that FCV recognized sialic acid with an α2,6 linkage. Using various proteases and metabolic inhibitors, it was shown that α2,6-linked sialic acid recognized by FCV is present on an N-linked glycoprotein.
Early interaction of feline calicivirus with cells in culture | SpringerLink
The kinetics and biochemical properties of feline calicivirus (FCV) attachment to Crandell-Reese feline kidney cells were determined. Maximum binding was observed at pH 6.5. Cells in suspension at...
Feline Calicivirus (capsid protein) - Product: Leica Biosystems
Antigen Background The Caliciviridae are a family of positive-stranded RNA viruses of unique morphology characterized by a series of cup-like depressions on the surface of the virus. Feline Calicivirus (FCV) is a ubiquitous pathogen of cats producing a variety of clinical symptoms, including oral ulceration, upper respiratory tract infection and polyarthritis. FCV has a genome of 7.7kb which encodes several proteins. Product Specific Information NCL-1G9 detects one of these, a capsid protein of 62 kD.. ...
A Classification of Feline Calicivirus Isolates Based on Plaque Morphology | Microbiology Society
Summary Isolates of feline calicivirus (FCV) can be divided into four groups according to plaque size under an agar overlay. All isolates classified as minute plaque, along with certain other isolates, are sensitive to inhibitors present in agar.
Apoptosis in cultured cells infected with feline calicivirus - Surrey Research Insight Open Access
Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Cell Biology, Medicine, Research & Experimental, Multidisciplinary Sciences, Research & Experimental Medicine, Science & Technology - Other Topics, feline calicivirus, caspase activation, capsid protein, DEATH ...
Feline Calicivirus Antibody (FCAVAb) Dawnsail Biotech Co. Ltd.
Feline Calicivirus Antibody (FCAVAb)-Dawnsail Biotech Co. Ltd.-Standard: 10 pieces/box Storage: cold storage 2-8℃ Time：10 min Sample: plasma
Feline Calicivirus radial colour 4M x mag (WY6SACGJV) by DavidBhella
Feline Calicivirus radial colour 4M x mag (WY6SACGJV) by DavidBhella on Shapeways. Learn more before you buy, or discover other cool products in Sculptures.
Items where Author is Beardmore, V - Surrey Research Insight Open Access
Al-Molawi, N, Beardmore, VA, Carter, MJ, Kass, GEN and Roberts, LO (2003) Caspase-mediated cleavage of the feline calicivirus capsid protein ...
Vaccinations | Abbotts Way
The two viruses commonly associated with cat flu or snuffles are the Feline Herpesvirus and the Feline Calicivirus. Both cause upper respiratory symptoms such as sneezing, coughing, conjunctivitis and discharge from the nose and eyes. The Herpesvirus tends to cause more severe symptoms. Ulcers on the tongue and chronic inflammation of the gums may also be seen with Calicivirus infection. Cats become infected by close contact with infected cats. Cats are at greatest risk of contracting snuffles at a boarding/breeding cattery or animal shelter. Recovered cats may continue to shed the virus without showing symptoms potentially infecting many animals.. ...
Pet Portal : Exeter Veterinary Hospital
VS-FCV was first reported in the late 1990s and occurred as outbreaks at animal shelters and catteries. Fortunately, the virus does not seem to be spreading to the general cat population.. How Is Calicivirus Diagnosed and Treated?. Sophisticated testing of body fluids can be used to diagnose FCV infection, but most veterinarians make the diagnosis based on clinical signs. No medication can cure FCV. Treatment is mainly supportive and consists of administering fluids to combat dehydration, offering soft food until mouth ulcers heal, administering antibiotics to help treat secondary bacterial infections, and prescribing other medications as needed to help control other clinical signs. How Can Calicivirus Be Prevented? Several vaccines are available for preventing disease associated with FCV. There is also a vaccine against VS-FCV. All of the available FCV vaccines have been tested and found to be safe and effective when administered as directed.. The FCV vaccination is recommended for all cats. ...
What is Cat Flu?
What Is It? Cat Flu is also known as Feline Respiratory Disease, and much like the human cold it displays many of the same symptoms. It is caused by the Feline Calicivirus (FCV) or
Cottage Kennels and Cattery
To provide the best protection for your cat, we ask you to provide proof of their current F3 vaccination. This vaccination provides your cat with the best protection for the following: Feline Enteritis, Feline Rhinotracheitis and Feline Calicivirus. An F3 vaccination gives your cat maximum protection against Cat Flu and reduces likelihood of contraction, however does NOT prevent it entirely ...
Grapefruit seed extract - Wikipedia
Despite claims that GSE has antimicrobial effects, there is no scientific evidence that GSE has such properties. Some evidence indicates that the suspected antimicrobial activity of GSE was due to the contamination or adulteration of commercial GSE preparations with synthetic antimicrobials or preservatives. These chemicals were not present in grapefruit seed extracts prepared in the laboratory, and GSE preparations without the contaminants were found to possess no detectable antimicrobial effect. Although citrus seed extract is sold in health food markets, there is no good evidence for any antimicrobial activity. A study that examined possible antiviral properties of GSE found that it had no efficacy as a disinfectant for feline calicivirus and feline parvovirus. ...
Ready to use lyophilised master mixes (8-well strips each) for detection of feline calicivirus, feline herpesvirus-1, Bordetella bronchiseptica, Chlamydophila felis, Mycoplasma felis and internal control. ...
Parvosol® II RTU Disinfectant | NEOGEN
Parvosol II RTU (ready-to-use) is a hospital grade quaternary ammonium formulation with even more effective disinfecting power, now ready-to-use from the bottle. Effective against Human Coronavirus, Parvovirus, Feline calicivirus, H1N1 (swine flu), Avian Influenza, and more.. Parvosol-II RTU has demonstrated effectiveness against viruses similar to SARS-CoV-2 on hard, non-porous surfaces. Therefore, Parvosol-II RTU can be used against SARS-CoV-2 when used in accordance with the directions for use against Canine Parvovirus on hard, non-porous surfaces.. Refer to the CDC website at: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html for additional information.. ...
Table Top Disinfectant Cleaner - North Woods
Table Top (EPA Reg # 1839-220-17268) has demonstrated effectiveness against viruses similar to 2019 novel coronavirus-Wuhan (also 2019-nCoV) on hard nonporous surfaces. Therefore, this product can be used against 2019 novel coronavirus-Wuhan (also 2019-nCoV) when used in accordance with the directions for use against Human Rotavirus, Feline Calicivirus, Canine Parvovirus, Rhinovirus Type 14, Rhinovirus Type 39 and Poliovirus Type 1 on hard, non-porous surfaces. Wipe surfaces often with Table Top to prevent spread of COVID- ...
Above and Beyond Sterilization | Synergy Laser London
Norwalk-like viruses (Feline Calicivirus), the Polio virus and even the common cold virus (Rhinovirus) are resistant to many surface disinfectants. But OPTIM 33 TB Surface Cleaner & Intermediate Level Disinfectant kills them all in one minute.. It also has a one minute claim against: Mycobacterium terrae, Human Coronavirus (SARS), HIV-1, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Avian Influenza (Bird Flu), Salmonella, E.Coli, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus aureus MRSA and other viruses & bacteria*, and can achieve a 99.999% broad-spectrum kill of vegetative bacteria in 30 seconds!. Click here for more about Sci Can Wipes. ...
Overview - Virology MPhil/PhD/MD - Institute of Infection and Global Health - University of Liverpool
Research in Virology and Veterinary Virology are based in new laboratories at three sites, the Ronald Ross Building, IC2 and Leahurst. They encompass studies of the pathogenicity, diagnostics, identification, epidemiology and immune responses to a range of viral pathogens including: Japanese encephalitis virus,HIV,respiratory syncytial virus, cytomegalovirus and other herpesviruses, chicken metapneumovirus, feline calicivirus and Schmallenberg virus. Techniques used include: diagnostic identification methods, flow cytometry, ELISA, epidemiology, PCR and transcriptomic and genomic technologies, including metagenomics, resequencing and genotyping cell separation, proteomics and infection models.. The aims of the research are to investigate the transmission routes and behaviour of pathogens during infections and use this knowledge to design better therapeutic strategies or vaccines in order to improve the health of humans and animals.. ...
Fujian spotted paddle-tail newt calicivirus polyprotein and VP2 genes, - Nucleotide - NCBI
Opens the Highlight Feature Bar and highlights feature annotations from the FEATURES table of the record. The Highlight Feature Bar can be used to navigate to and highlight other features and provides links to display the highlighted region separately. Links in the FEATURES table will also highlight the corresponding region of the sequence. More... ...
calicivirus | AXEDA
A cat can not tell its pet owner when it feels in poor health, so the only solution to know is by proprietors will reveal an sickness in considered one of two ways. While it is difficult to induce long-time period immunity to bacterial infections, vaccines targeted toward viruses are normally more efficient at conferring long-time period immunity in the recipient. If the cat is spayed or neutered, chances are he or she was vaccinated as a kitten.. Dont vaccinate adult cats for FeLV - even if they have entry to the outdoors - since natural immunity to this disease is very sturdy by the point the cat is ~1 yr of age. We definitely should stop vaccinating with FVRCP every year but taking it one step additional, I dont observe the AAFP tips which counsel giving the FVRCP each 3 years because the risks outweigh the benefits ...
Coming back - Meows, Purrs, and the Occasional Hiss
Not-so-quick catch-up, mostly Corys recent health history: the whole household has been in a lot of turmoil for the past three years or so. We moved to a new apartment a bit over 2 years ago, and the kids all seem to really prefer it - there all more confident and relaxed here. Trick has either lymphoma or IBS, both of which are treated the same way and a more clear diagnosis would be intrusive and expensive. Hes responding very well, has gained his weight back, and is no longer vomiting, so with any luck, hell be with us a long time yet, his same crazy self. Freya had a terrifying episode of her back end suddenly not working, but after a few days of pain meds and intense 24/7 nursing care, she got her functionality back just like nothing ever happened.. Cory, meanwhile, was originally diagnosed with calicivirus as the reason for his tongue to develop serious ulceration on the outer third or so, multiple times. It hasnt happened in years, and Im grateful for that! But he still has a very ...
Should You Vaccinate Your Cat Against Feline Calicivirus? - WBOC-TV 16, Delmarvas News Leader, FOX 21
WBOC,wboc.com,Delmarva,Delaware,Maryland,Virginia, Eastern Shore,Salisbury,Dover,Ocean City,Cambridge,Delmar,Easton,Seaford,Georgetown,Lewes,Rehoboth,Milford
Novel Calicivirus Identified in Rabbits, Michigan, USA - Volume 15, Number 12-December 2009 - Emerging Infectious Disease...
We report a disease outbreak in a Michigan rabbitry of a rabbit calicivirus distinct from the foreign animal disease agent, rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV). The novel virus has been designated Michigan rabbit calicivirus (MRCV). Caliciviruses of the Lagovirus genus other than RHDV have not been described in US rabbit populations. The case-fatality rate was 32.5% (65/200). Clinical signs included hemorrhage and sudden death, with hepatic necrosis. Analysis of viral RNA sequence from >95% of the viral genome showed an average similarity of 79% with RHDV. Similarity of the predicted MRCV capsid amino acid sequence ranged from 89.8% to 91.3%, much lower than the 98% amino acid similarity between RHDV strains. Experimentally infected rabbits lacked clinical disease, but MRCV was detected in tissues by PCR. We propose that MRCV primarily causes subclinical infection but may induce overt RHD-like disease under certain field conditions.
FELINE RESPIRATORY DISEASE COMPLEX
Ned F. Kuehn, DVM, Diplomate, ACVIM. Feline respiratory disease complex includes those illnesses typified by rhinitis, conjunctivitis, lacrimation, salivation, and oral ulcerations. The principal diseases, Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (FVR) and Feline Calicivirus (FCV) infections, affect exotic as well as ~domestic species. Feline Pneurnonitis (Chlamydia psittaci) and Mycoplasmal infections ,appear to be of lesser importance. Feline infectious peritonitis and pleuritis typically causes a more generalized condition but may cause signs of mild upper respiratory tract infection. I FVR and calliciviruses are host-specific and pose no known human risk. Human conjunctivitis caused by the feline chlamydial agent has been reported.. Etiology: Probably 40-45% of feline upper respiratory infections are caused by FVR s , which is a herpesvirus; incidence of FCV is similar. Dual infections with these viruses are common. Other organisms such as Chlamydia psittaci, Mycoplasma spp, and reoviruses are believed ...
Stray pets: Iberian lynx naïf to domestic carnivores pathogens
The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is the most endangered felid species in the world. Lynx populations have decreased dramatically in size and distribution in the last four decades, thus becoming increasingly vulnerable to catastrophic events such as epizooties. From 1989 to 2000, serum samples were obtained from 48 free-ranging lynx captured in the Doñana National Park (DNP, n = 31) and mountains of Sierra Morena (SM, n = 17) in southern Spain. Samples were tested for antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii, feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV-1), feline calicivirus (FCV), feline/canine parvovirus (FPV/CPV), feline coronavirus, feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), feline leukaemia virus and canine distemper virus (CDV) and for FeLV p27 antigen, to document baseline exposure levels. Antibodies against T. gondii were detected in 44% of lynx, with a significantly greater prevalence in DNP (61%) than in SM (12%). In DNP, prevalence was significantly higher in adult (81%) than in juvenile and sub-adult (41%) ...
MacOdrum Library - Carletons Institutional Repository: Ultrasensitive norovirus detection using DNA aptasensor technology
DNA aptamers were developed against murine norovirus (MNV) using SELEX (Systematic Evolution of Ligands by EXponential enrichment). Nine rounds of SELEX led to the discovery of AG3, a promising aptamer with very high affinity for MNV as well as for lab-synthesized capsids of a common human norovirus (HuNoV) outbreak strain (GII.3). Using fluorescence anisotropy, AG3 was found to bind with MNV with affinity in the low picomolar range. The aptamer could cross-react with HuNoV though it was selected against MNV. As compared to a non-specific DNA control sequence, the norovirus-binding affinity of AG3 was about a million-fold higher. In further tests, the aptamer also showed nearly a million-fold higher affinity for the noroviruses than for the feline calicivirus (FCV), a virus similar in size and structure to noroviruses. AG3 was incorporated into a simple electrochemical sensor using a gold nanoparticle-modified screen-printed carbon electrode (GNPs-SPCE). The aptasensor could detect MNV with a ...
Calicivirin - Wikipedia
Calicivirin (EC 18.104.22.168, Camberwell virus processing peptidase, Chiba virus processing peptidase, Norwalk virus processing peptidase, Southampton virus processing peptidase, norovirus virus processing peptidase, calicivirus trypsin-like cysteine protease, calicivirus TCP, calicivirus 3C-like protease, calicivirus endopeptidase, rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus 3C endopeptidase) is an enzyme. This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction Endopeptidase with a preference for cleavage when the P1 position is occupied by Glu- and the P1- position is occupied by Gly- Viruses that are members of the Norovirus genus (Caliciviridae family) are a major cause of epidemic acute viral gastroenteritis. Meyers, G.; Rossi, C.; Thiel, H.J. (2004). Calicivirus endopeptidases. In Barrett, A.J.; Rawlings, N.D.; Woessner, J.F. Handbook of Proteolytic Enzymes (2nd ed.). London: Elsevier. pp. 1380-1382. Wirblich, C.; Sibilia, M.; Boniotti, M.B.; Rossi, C.; Thiel, H.J.; Meyers, G. (1995). 3C-like protease ...
Nobivac Tricat Trio POM
Live vaccine containing per dose of 1 ml 105.2 TCID50 Feline viral rhinotracheitis virus; 104.7 pfu Feline calicivirus; 104.2 TCID50 Feline panleucopenia virus.
SciCan- OPTIM™ 33TB Surface Disinfectant 4L, 1 4L/Jug - HANSAmed Limited Store
Norwalk-like viruses (Feline Calicivirus), the Polio virus and even the common cold virus (Rhinovirus) are resistant to many surface disinfectants. But OPTIM 33 TB Surface Cleaner & Intermediate Level Disinfectant kills them all in one minute. It also has a one minute claim against: Mycobacterium terrae, Human Coronavirus (SARS), HIV-1, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, Avian Influenza (Bird Flu), Salmonella, E.Coli, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus aureus MRSA and other viruses & bacteria*, and can achieve a 99.999% broad-spectrum kill of vegetative bacteria in 30 seconds!. MSDS. Product Brochure. ...
Genetic characterization of a reptilian calicivirus (Cro1) - Sandoval-Jaime, Carlos, Parra,, Smith,, Green,, Sosnovtsev, -...
Genetic characterization of a reptilian calicivirus (Cro1) : Vesiviruses in the family Caliciviridae infect a broad range of animal hosts including mammals, birds, fish, amphibians and reptiles. The vesivirus Cro1 strains were isolated from diseased snakes in the San Diego zoo in 1978 and reported as the first caliciviruses found in reptiles. The goal of this study was to characterize the Cro1 strain 780032I that was isolated in cell culture from a rock
Browsing Biochemistry and Molecular Biology by Subject Upper respiratory tract disease (URTD)
Mycoplasma agassizii is one of the known causative agents of upper respiratory tract disease (URTD) in Mojave desert tortoises (Gopherus agassizii) and in gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus). We sequenced the genomes ...
DMOZ - Health: Animal: Mammals: Rabbits: Conditions and Diseases: Rabbit Calicivirus Disease
Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease otherwise known as Viral Hemorrhagic Disease (VHD) of Rabbits or Rabbit Calicivirus Disease (RCD). Links and articles of interest to pet owners and veterinarians. ...
Cat Defender: November 2016
They additionally have been liberally infecting the species with the Rabbit Calicivirus Disease (RCD) from as far back as 1991 but since the animals have been able to develop immunities to it that has forced them into developing ever new strains of the killer. What thats (the rabbit eradication biological pipeline plan) trying to do is recognize that we have to put out new strains of the rabbit calicivirus at key points, to keep numbers low, rather than just waiting for numbers to bounce back, going into crisis mode and then trying to do what we can, Andreas Glanzig of the Invasive Animals Cooperative Research Centre (IACRC) at the University of Canberra told the ABC on November 25, 2015. (See Rabbit Control Plan Plays the Long Game to Contain Devastating Pest, Protect Threatened Species.) What the twenty-year plan is all about is making sure weve got new strains of calicivirus coming out every five to eight years, so that when the effectiveness of one strain starts to decrease weve got ...
Elsevier: Côté: Clinical Veterinary Advisor, 3rd Edition · Calicivirus, Feline
Picornaviridae - microbewiki
The picornavirus genome consists of a single molecule of linear, postitive(+)-sense, single-strand RNA. It is non-segmented. The complete genome is 7000-8500 nucleotides long. At the 5-terminus of the genome has a long untranslated region 600-1200 bases in length, which is important in translation, virulence, and possibly encapsidation. There is a shorter untranslated region (50-100 bases in length) on the 3-terminus, which is important in (-)strand-synthesis. The 5-terminus untranslated region also has a clover leaf secondary structure known as the Internal Ribosome Entry Site (IRES), which distinguishes picornaviruses from other RNA viruses; this structure is important in translation and replication. The 5-terminus is modified by a covalently-attached VPg protein (which takes the place of a cap), while the 3-terminus is modified by polyadenylation. (sources: ICTVdB, Bedard, Flynn) ...
Difference between revisions of Picornaviridae - microbewiki
The picornavirus genome consists of a single molecule of linear, postitive(+)-sense, single-strand RNA. It is non-segmented. The complete genome is 7000-8500 nucleotides long. The 5-terminus of the genome has a long untranslated region 600-1200 bases in length, which is important in translation, virulence, and possibly encapsidation. There is a shorter untranslated region (50-100 bases in length) on the 3-terminus, which is important in (-)strand-synthesis. The 5-terminus untranslated region also has a clover leaf secondary structure known as the Internal Ribosome Entry Site (IRES), which distinguishes picornaviruses from other RNA viruses; this structure is important in translation and replication. The 5-terminus is modified by a covalently-attached VPg protein (which takes the place of a cap), while the 3-terminus is modified by polyadenylation. (sources: ICTVdB, Bedard, Flynn) ...
Rhinitis or sinusitis, sometimes called snuffles in laymens terms, is usually characterized by unilateral or bilateral, mucopurulent nasal discharge, sneezing, and congestion. A subtle sign of upper respiratory tract disease can be discharge matted on the paws or the medial aspect of the forelimbs. Discharge may collect here as the rabbit fastidiously cleans its face with its forepaws. In the early stages of disease, discharge may not be evident on the nose or even on the paws, however close examination of…. ...
Other Scholarly Content | SmithAlvin.VeterinaryMedicine.CalicivirusGenusVesivirus.pdf | ID: jq085k78c | [email protected]
The first calicivirus was described 75 years ago in California in a foot- and-mouth--like epidemic in swine. Control measures were slaughter and burial of all affected pigs. However, epidemic spread among swine continued for 24 years, then the disease disappeared. The virus was declared eradicated, but was re-discovered 16 years later in aborting marine mammals in the Pacific Basin Sixty-six years after discovery, the first human infections were published as a blistering disease of the hands, feet and face. This virus (genus Vesivirus) with large, diverse ocean reservoirs in fish, shellfish, seals and whales had become a human pathogen. Pathogenic vesiviruses can be associated with abortion, encephalitis, myocarditis, pancreatitis, blistering, hemorrhagic death and hepatitis among domestic animals, zoo-animals and marine mammals. Human involvement is less defined except for blistering and as we report here, hepatitis. Over 1000 sera collected from blood-donors, both normal and with suspected ...
Toyota Mirai FCV - EPA-estimated performance range announced, 502 km on a single tank of hydrogen - paultan.org
The Toyota Mirai FCV has an EPA-estimated driving range of 502 km on a single fill of hydrogen, making it the distance champ of Zero Emission vehicles.
Formation Continue Vétérinaire - How is Formation Continue Vétérinaire abbreviated?
FCV - Formation Continue Vétérinaire. Looking for abbreviations of FCV? It is Formation Continue Vétérinaire. Formation Continue Vétérinaire listed as FCV
Literature | Ventinova
The first randomized controlled trial on FCV® has now been published, demonstrating that during laryngeal surgery Tritube improves visibility of the surgical site as compared with a MLT 6.0. Moreover, the group of Prof Schumann showed that FCV® improves lung.... ...
Frontiers | Virucidal Activity of Fogged Chlorine Dioxide- and Hydrogen Peroxide-Based Disinfectants against Human Norovirus...
Human norovirus (NoV) is the leading cause of foodborne illnesses in the United States. Norovirus is shed in high numbers in the feces and vomitous of infected individuals. Contact surfaces contaminated with bodily fluids harboring infectious virus particles serve as vehicles for pathogen transmission. Environmental stability of NoV and its resistance to many conventional disinfectants necessitate effective inactivation strategies to control the spread of virus. We investigated the efficacy of two commercial disinfectants, hydrogen peroxide (7.5%) and a chlorine dioxide (0.2%)-surfactant-based product using a fogging delivery system against human NoV GI.6 and GII.4 Sydney strains as well as the cultivable surrogate, feline calicivirus (FCV) dried on stainless steel coupons. Log10 reductions in human NoV and FCV were calculated utilizing RNase RT-qPCR and infectivity (plaque) assay, respectively. An improved antiviral activity of hydrogen peroxide as a function of disinfectant formulation concentration
Figure 1 - Calicivirus Emergence from Ocean Reservoirs: Zoonotic and Interspecies Movements - Volume 4, Number 1-March 1998 -...
Caliciviral infections in humans, among the most common causes of viral-induced vomiting and diarrhea, are caused by the Norwalk group of small round structured viruses, the Sapporo caliciviruses, and the hepatitis E agent. Human caliciviruses have been resistant to in vitro cultivation, and direct study of their origins and reservoirs outside infected humans or water and foods (such as shellfish contaminated with human sewage) has been difficult. Modes of transmission, other than direct fecal-oral routes, are not well understood. In contrast, animal viruses found in ocean reservoirs, which make up a second calicivirus group, can be cultivated in vitro. These viruses can emerge and infect terrestrial hosts, including humans. This article reviews the history of animal caliciviruses, their eventual recognition as zoonotic agents, and their potential usefulness as a predictive model for noncultivatable human and other animal caliciviruses (e.g., those seen in association with rabbit hemorrhagic disease).
C | The Clark Zapper Blog & Rife Digital Machines
To see more information or to purchase click HERE C Cafe-au-Lait Spots: 0.52, 0.60, 2.25, 12.85, 45.03, 222.70, 425.00, 571.00, 839.00, 937.41, Caffey-De Toni-Silvermann Syndrome: (see Hyperostosis, Cortical, Congenital) Caliciviridae Infections: 0.06, 0.49, 0.57, 7.50, 2.50, 30.00, 72.50, 225.75, 419.34, 561.93, Calicivirus Infections: (see Caliciviridae Infections: (Winter Vomiting Disease)) Campylobacter Infections: 0.13, 0.35, 47.50, 159.30,…
Solo-Jec Feline 3 | Revival Animal Health
Solo-Jec Feline 3 vaccine aids in the prevention of diseases caused by Feline Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus and Panleukopenia viruses in kittens and cats.
SICB - 2016 meeting - Abstract Details
Physiological function, and specifically immunological function, in ectothermic vertebrates is often constrained by thermal environments that may negatively affect performance. North American tortoises (genus Gopherus) have been the source of numerous studies investigating baseline immunological parameters (specifically related to upper respiratory tract disease, URTD), yet little is known regarding the nature of acute immune responses and how immune responses are constrained by thermal environments in this taxon of high conservation concern. Herein, we measured immune responses in gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) to simulated acute bacterial infection (lipopolysaccharide, LPS). We performed assays in G. polyphemus that had been acclimated to two different seasonal (and thus thermal) acclimation states of winter and summer to test the hypothesis that seasonal context determines the scope of an immunological response. We measured body temperature, bactericidal ability (BA), plasma iron, ...
Fel-O-Guard Plus 4 + Lv-K | Revival Animal Health
Fel-O-Guard Plus 4 + Lv-K vaccine prevents diseases caused by Feline Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Panleukopenia, Leukemia and Chlamydia in cats.
Australias rabbits face all-out viral attack | New Scientist
Melbourne A VIRUS that could wipe out most of Australias rabbits will be deliberately spread across the country by the end of the month. Australia is pushing ahead with its plan to release the rabbit calicivirus despite warnings by two American scientists that it is playing with dynamite. They argue that the virus could jump …
2015 | MTA ÁOTI
Publications in 2015 The underlined (otherwise all) authors are from the Institute Papers Alkan F, Karayela I, Catella C, Bodnar L, Lanave G, Bányai K, Di Martino B, Decaro N, Buonavoglia C, Martella V. (2015): Identification of a bovine enteric calicivirus, Kırklareli virus, distantly related to neboviruses, in calves with enteritis in Turkey. Journal of Clinical. Microbiology, 53(11): 3614-3617.
4IW3 | Genus
chains in the Genus database with same CATH superfamily 2G19 A; 5LBE A; 5DAV A; 2HBT A; 3NNM A; 2JIJ A; 4UWD A; 5LAS A; 5DAP A; 5L9B A; 3OBZ A; 5LA9 A; 4BQW A; 2Y33 A; 5L9R A; 3KT1 A; 5A3U A; 4XC9 A; 3BVC A; 3W20 A; 4XCA A; 2RDR A; 3OUI A; 4Y5S A; 3KT7 A; 4NHX A; 4NMI A; 4NHM A; 5EQU A; 2RG4 A; 5HV4 A; 3GJB A; 5EP9 A; 5LAT A; 2FCT A; 4MHR A; 3W21 A; 4XCB A; 4KBZ A; 5DAQ A; 5C5U A; 2Y34 A; 4MHU A; 3PL0 A; 4J25 A; 4ZPI A; 5LBC A; 5LBF A; 2RDQ A; 4XAB A; 4XAA A; 4IW3 A; 2HBU A; 5IAV A; 4XAC A; 5IAT A; 5LB6 A; 2V4A A; 5C5T A; 3HQR A; 4NAO A; 4NHK A; 2A1X A; 5EPA A; 5IAX A; 2OPW A; 3NNL A; 3HQU A; 2FCU A; 4JZR A; 3OUH A; 3ITQ A; 5DAW A; 5L9V A; 2JIG A; 3EMR A; 3GZE A; 4NHL A; 3NNF A; 4ZON A; 3OUJ A; 5HV0 A; 3DKQ A; 5M0T A; 4BQX A; 3NNJ A; 4NHY A; 5LBB A; 5DAX A; 3MGU A; 3KT4 A; 2RDS A; 4BQY A; 5ERL A; 2FCV A; 2G1M A; 4Y5T A; 3GJA A; 2RDN A; 4Q5O A; #chains in the Genus database with same CATH topology 2FQP A; 2WO3 A; 1YQ6 A; 1NUK A; 3V65 A; 2OUH A; 1SCS A; 3CZU A; 3I2F A; 2PN5 A; 5A32 B; 3WNN A; 5JOW ...
... Feline calicivirus Vesicular exanthema of swine virus Other, unofficial Vesi-like viruses include canine calicivirus ... Serological relationships between different members are found (among Feline calicivirus). Cross-reactivity is found. Cross- ... Diseases associated with this genus include: respiratory disease, Feline calicivirus (FCV); conjunctivitis, and respiratory ... "Calicivirus isolate Allston 2008/US, complete genome". Retrieved 29 October 2016. "Calicivirus isolate Geel 2008/Belgium non- ...
Cats receive a vaccination that protects them against feline enteritis, rhinotracheitis and Calicivirus. Dogs receive ... Cat breeds such as the Savannah cat, Safari cat, Chausie and Bengal cat are banned from entering Australia, according to the ... Dogs and cats are the most popular types of pets that are shipped. From the total amount of pets shipped via aeroplane each ... "Fees for cat and dog import permit applications - Department of Agriculture". www.agriculture.gov.au. 4 February 2020. "What is ...
Malik YS, Goyal SM (May 2006). "Virucidal efficacy of sodium bicarbonate on a food contact surface against feline calicivirus, ... Lages SL, Ramakrishnan MA, Goyal SM (February 2008). "In-vivo efficacy of hand sanitisers against feline calicivirus: a ... Phenols are toxic to cats and newborn humans Phenol is probably the oldest known disinfectant as it was first used by Lister, ... "Phenol and Phenolic Poisoning in Dogs and Cats". peteducation.com. Archived from the original on 19 September 2016. "PHENOL - ...
Jimenez L, Chiang M (2006). "Virucidal activity of a quaternary ammonium compound disinfectant against feline calicivirus: a ... D'Souza DH, Sair A, Williams K, Papafragkou E, Jean J, Moore C, Jaykus L (2006). "Persistence of caliciviruses on environmental ... Clarke IN, Lambden PR (May 2000). "Organization and expression of calicivirus genes". The Journal of Infectious Diseases. 181 ...
May 2013). "Structures of the compact helical core domains of feline calicivirus and murine norovirus VPg proteins" (PDF). ... The VPg primers of caliciviruses, whose structures are only beginning to be revealed, are much larger than those of the ...
List of fungicides
Malik YS, Goyal SM (May 2006). "Virucidal efficacy of sodium bicarbonate on a food contact surface against feline calicivirus, ...
However, URI in cats can also be caused by herpesvirus, calicivirus, Mycoplasma species, or Chlamydia psittaci. An intranasal ... It is a serious disease of dogs, pigs, and rabbits, and has been seen in cats, horses, and seals. A PCR test for the pathogen ... Cats infected with B. bronchiseptica have been seen with tracheobronchitis, conjunctivitis, and rhinitis (upper respiratory ... Humans are not natural carriers of B. bronchiseptica, which typically infects the respiratory tracts of smaller mammals (cats, ...
"Virucidal efficacy of sodium bicarbonate on a food contact surface against feline calicivirus, a norovirus surrogate". ...
Feline calicivirus (FCV)-a member of the Vesivirus-represents an important pathogen of cats. Sapovirus, Norovirus and Vesivirus ... Caliciviruses naturally infect vertebrates, and have been found in a number of organisms such as humans, cattle, pigs, cats, ... Feline calicivirus "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015. ICTV. "Virus Taxonomy: 2014 Release". Retrieved 15 June 2015. ... Diseases associated with this family include: feline calicivirus: respiratory disease; rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus: often- ...
... feline calicivirus,hepatitis A,lentivirus, influenza A and B,rabies virus,rotavirus,tomato and pepino mosaic virus. Since 2004 ... 2009). "A novel method for concentrating hepatitis A virus and caliciviruses from bottled water". Journal of Virological ...
Feline rhinotracheitis/panleukopenia/calicivirus vaccines should be given as kittens, a year later and then every three years. ... "Vaccine-Associated Fibrosarcoma in Cats" from Pet Cancer Center 2006 Feline Vaccination Guidelines (Summary) Cat Vaccines Can ... A vaccine-associated sarcoma (VAS) or feline injection-site sarcoma (FISS) is a type of malignant tumor found in cats (and ... Vaccine-Associated Feline Sarcoma Task Force (VAFSTF) Vaccines and Sarcomas Informational Brochure from the Cornell Feline ...
Grapefruit seed extract
... examined possible antiviral properties of GSE found that it had no efficacy as a disinfectant for feline calicivirus and feline ...
Domestic cats also transmit diseases to the Scottish wildcat such as feline calicivirus, feline coronavirus, feline foamy virus ... The final report of the Cat Classification Task Force of the IUCN Cat Specialist Group" (PDF). Cat News. Special Issue 11: 16- ... feline herpesvirus, feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus. Scottish wildcats were frequently killed to ... Since 2017, the Cat Classification Task Force of the Cat Specialist Group recognizes Felis silvestris silvestris as the valid ...
... feline calicivirus, leptospirosis, bovine brucellosis, rinderpest and anaplasmosis. During the canine distemper outbreak of ... 357-358 Macdonald 1992, p. 118 Hunter, Luke & Hinde, Gerald (2005) Cats of Africa, Struik, ISBN 1-77007-063-X Savage, R. J. G ... 138-139 Jonathan Scott & Angela Scott (2006). Big Cat Diary: Leopard. p. 108. ISBN 978-0-00-721181-4. Balme, Guy; Hunter, Luke ... estimated to have up to a thousand resident hyenas which survive by scavenging rubbish tips and preying on feral dogs and cats ...
Lisa Roberts (academic)
... feline_calicivirus_infection using profiles including: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Lisa_Roberts4 https://www. ...
List of MeSH codes (B04)
... calicivirus, feline MeSH B04.820.095.887.900 - vesicular exanthema of swine virus MeSH B04.820.110.150 - closterovirus MeSH ... calicivirus, feline MeSH B04.909.777.162.887.900 - vesicular exanthema of swine virus MeSH B04.909.777.270 - encephalitis ... feline MeSH B04.820.650.589.530.400 - immunodeficiency virus, feline MeSH B04.820.650.589.600 - lentiviruses, ovine-caprine ... feline MeSH B04.909.777.731.589.530.400 - immunodeficiency virus, feline MeSH B04.909.777.731.589.600 - lentiviruses, ovine- ...
Accelerated hydrogen peroxide
... accelerated hydrogen peroxide has been reported to show effectiveness against feline calicivirus, a surrogate for norovirus. " ...
Germany Feline calicivirus Female copulatory vocalization Flow control valve Ford Crown Victoria Forest City Velodrome, in ...
... abrogating the requirement of VPg in initial infection whereas studies with feline calicivirus confirmed that the VPg protein ... Burroughs JN, Brown F. Presence of a covalently linked protein on calicivirus rna. J Gen Virol. 1978;41(2):443-446. Van der ... and later seen in caliciviruses. VPg must undergo post-translational uridylylation before it can act as a primer for ... A protein, vpg, covalently linked to 36s calicivirus rna. J Gen Virol. 1980;47(1):215-220. Goodfellow I, Chaudhry Y, Richardson ...
The usual combination vaccination protects against feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR), feline calicivirus (C), and feline ... Such early neutering does not appear to have any long-term health risks to cats, and may even be beneficial in male cats. ... Felines are natural carnivores and do not intentionally consume large quantities of carbohydrates. The domestic cat's liver has ... The enzymes that breakdown amino acids are constantly active in cats. Thus, cats need a constant source of protein in their ...
List of virus species
Feline associated cyclovirus 1 Feline calicivirus Feline foamy virus Feline immunodeficiency virus Feline leukemia virus Feline ... Cassava mosaic Madagascar virus Cassava vein mosaic virus Cassava virus C Cassava virus X Cassia yellow blotch virus Cat Que ... Dobsonia moluccensis polyomavirus 3 Dolichos yellow mosaic virus Dolphin mastadenovirus A Dolphin mastadenovirus B Domestic cat ... HAP1 Hamiltonella virus APSE1 Hantaan orthohantavirus Hardenbergia mosaic virus Hardenbergia virus A Hardy-Zuckerman feline ...
ATCvet code QI06
... feline rhinotracheitis virus + feline calicivirus QI06AA04 Feline rhinotracheitis virus + feline calicivirus + feline ... feline calicivirus QI06AA06 Feline infectious peritonitis virus QI06AA07 Feline calicivirus QI06AA08 Feline rhinotracheitis ... feline calicivirus QI06AD04 Feline panleucopenia virus/parvovirus + feline rhinotracheitis virus + feline calicivirus QI06AD05 ... feline calicivirus + chlamydia Empty group QI06AH01 Live feline rhinotracheitis virus + live feline calicivirus + inactivated ...
"Evaluation of silver-infused polylactide films for inactivation of Salmonella and feline calicivirus in vitro and on fresh-cut ...
... aka feline parvo or feline distemper) Feline viral rhinotracheitis (FHV, aka herpes virus) Feline calicivirus (FCV) Rabies ( ... Feline vaccination is animal vaccination applied to cats. Vaccination plays a vital role in protecting cats from infectious ... Feline Vaccination Advisory Panel Report: Feline Vaccination Guidelines European Advisory Board of Cat Diseases (ABCD): ... Travel plans Underlying disease conditions of the specific cat Pregnant or lactating/nursing cats Multi-cat households or ...
"Three-year duration of immunity in cats following vaccination against feline rhinotracheitis virus, feline calicivirus, and ... Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a virus of the family Caliciviridae that causes disease in cats. It is one of the two important ... Feline vaccination "ICTV Taxonomy history: Feline calicivirus". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). ... Ossiboff R, Sheh A, Shotton J, Pesavento P, Parker J (2007). "Feline caliciviruses (FCVs) isolated from cats with virulent ...
Feline calicivirus (FCV)-a member of the Vesivirus-represents an important pathogen of cats. ... Caliciviruses naturally infect vertebrates, and have been found in a number of organisms such as humans, cattle, pigs, cats, ... Diseases associated with this family include feline calicivirus (respiratory disease), rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (often- ... The name calicivirus is derived from the Greek word calyx meaning cup or goblet, due to many strains having visible cup-shaped ...
Feline viral rhinotracheitis
"Three-year duration of immunity in cats following vaccination against feline rhinotracheitis virus, feline calicivirus, and ... The other important cause of feline respiratory disease is feline calicivirus. FVR is very contagious and can cause severe ... It is also commonly referred to as feline influenza, feline coryza, and feline pneumonia but, as these terms describe other ... Effectiveness was demonstrated in a clinical study with cats experimentally infected with feline herpesvirus: 20 cats were ...
Feline immunodeficiency virus
"Prevalence of antibodies to feline parvovirus, calicivirus, herpesvirus, coronavirus, and immunodeficiency virus and of feline ... Also, while the feline leukemia virus may cause symptomatic illness in an infected cat, an FIV infected cat can remain ... Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a Lentivirus that affects cats worldwide, with 2.5% to 4.4% of felines being infected. ... FIV differs taxonomically from two other feline retroviruses, feline leukemia virus (FeLV) and feline foamy virus (FFV), and is ...
Norovirus, a enciclopedia libre
"Virucidal activity of a quaternary ammonium compound disinfectant against feline calicivirus: a surrogate for norovirus". Am J ... d'Souza, D. H.; Sair, A.; Williams, K.; Papafragkou, E.; Jean, J.; Moore, C.; Jaykus, L. (2006). "Persistence of caliciviruses ... "Organization and expression of calicivirus genes". J. Infect. Dis. 181 Suppl 2: S309-16. PMID 10804143. doi:10.1086/315575 ...
Feral cats and dogs which were originally brought as pets are also known to kill large numbers of birds. A recent (2006) study ... The rabbit calicivirus was illegally imported and released, but it had little lasting effect upon the rabbit population other ... Cats, brought later by Europeans, have had a devastating effect upon the native birdlife, particularly as many New Zealand ... domestic cats, carp and ferrets. It has been suggested that genetically modified organisms (GMOs) as a class should be ...
Cat flu generally refers to feline viral rhinotracheitis or feline calicivirus and not infection from an influenza virus.) In ... cats, seals, mink, and whales also show evidence of prior infection or exposure to influenza. Variants of flu virus are ...
家貓品種列表 - 维基百科，自由的百科
杯狀病毒（英语：Feline calicivirus）. *脂肪肝綜合症（英语：Feline hepatic lipidosis） ... 威爾斯貓（英语：Cymric (cat)）. 德文帝王貓（英语：Devon Rex）. 拉波捲毛貓（英语：Laperm cat）. 頓斯科伊貓（英语：Donskoy (cat)）. 埃及猫. 欧洲短毛猫（英语：European Shorthair）. 异 ... 泰国猫（英语：Thai (cat)）. 传统波斯猫（英语：Traditional Persian cat）. 東奇尼貓（英语：Tonkinese (cat)）. 玩具虎貓（
Cat owners' attitudes toward declawing. Anthrozoos 1991;4:192-197. *^ Landsberg GM. Feline scratching and destruction and the ... Cat owners' attitudes toward declawing. Anthrozoos 1991;4:192-197. *^ Gaynor J. Chronic pain syndrome feline onychectomy. NAVC ... Without the ability to expose its claws, the cat is unable to wear down or groom its claws. For this reason, the cat ... Nationwide legislation was recently enacted that prohibits the declawing of cats except for medical need of the cat. The ...
Grapefruit seed extract
... examined possible antiviral properties of GSE found that it had no efficacy as a disinfectant for feline calicivirus and feline ...
"Cat Anatomy". cat-chitchat.pictures-of-cats.org. 9 July 2008.. *^ Lacquaniti, F.; Grasso, R.; Zago, M. (1 August 1999). "Motor ... The nose helps cats to identify territories, other cats and mates, to locate food, and for various other causes. A cat's ... "Cat claw" redirects here. For the superhero, see Cat Claw. For the plant species, see Cat's claw. ... "The Cat Comes Back". Retrieved 1 March 2010.. [dead link]. *^ "How to Give Subcutaneous Fluids to a Cat". wikihow.com. ...
... household pet cat registry, domestic cat registry, Savannah cat, Bengal cat, Persian cat, Maine Coon cat" (PDF). Tica.org. ... "Welcome to TICA - The International Cat Association, TICA cats, TICA pedigreed cats, pedigreed cats, pedigreed cats registry, ... Domestic cat (Felis catus). The Abyssinian /æbɪˈsɪniən/ is a breed of domestic short-haired cat (ድመት) with a distinctive " ... "Cat Progressive Retinal Atrophy". Vgl.ucdavis.edu. Retrieved 2013-12-27.. *^ Lyons LA (December 2012). "Genetic testing in ...
Cultural depictions of cats
Cats that were favored pets during the Chinese Song Dynasty were long-haired cats for catching rats, and cats with yellow-and- ... Ship's cat. Notes. *^ a b "Cats Domesticated Themselves, Ancient DNA Shows". 2017-06-19. Retrieved 2018-11-06.. .mw- ... "Hermitage Cats". Russian Life. Retrieved 21 December 2017.. *^ "A Chinese Cat-Market". Wesleyan Juvenile Offering. III: 110. ... cat. It is usually a sitting cat with paw raised and bent. Legend in Japan has it that a cat waved a paw at a Japanese landlord ...
The Cat Fanciers' Association. 2010-07-04. Retrieved 2010-10-26.. *^ "Sphynx Cat Wear - clothes for Sphynx cats". sphynxcatwear ... The Sphynx cat is a breed of cat known for its lack of coat (fur). Hairlessness in cats is a naturally occurring genetic ... Allergies to cats are triggered by a protein called Fel d1, not cat hair itself. Fel d1 is a protein primarily found in cat ... "Sphynx Cat History". BeeblebroxSphynx.com. Retrieved 2010-11-17.. *^ a b c "Sphynx Cat Breed-History, Appearance & Temperament" ...
Edwards, Alan (2005) . The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Cats Cat Breeds & Cat Care. Trevor Turner (Consultant) John Daniels ( ... Domestic cat (Felis catus). The Somali cat is often described as a long-haired Abyssinian; a product of a recessive gene in ... "Somali Cats , Somali Cat Breed Info & Pictures , petMD". www.petmd.com. Retrieved 2016-04-15.. ... The cat itself is medium-large in size. Colors and patterns. The usual or ruddy Somali is golden brown ticked with ...
Diseases such as foot-and-mouth disease and bluetongue are caused by viruses. Companion animals such as cats, dogs, and ... including caliciviruses, herpesviruses, adenoviruses and parvoviruses, circulate in marine mammal populations. ...
... sometimes called patty feet or hamburger feet by cat lovers to distinguish them from thumb cat polydactyls. Ordinary mitten cat ... Kangaroo Cats and Squittens Revealed (October 2006) *^ Robinson Roy (1999), "Genetics for Cat Breeders and Veterinarians", ... Such cats have also been called twisty cats; In the late 1990s, several were deliberately bred at Karma Farms, a horse farm and ... The term kangaroo cat is also, rarely, used; this derives from a 1953 specimen known as the Stalingrad Kangaroo Cat. ...
Influenza bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Flu kucing pada umumnya merujuk pada rhinotracheitis virus kucing atau Feline calicivirus dan bukan merupakan infeksi yang ...
Invasive species in Australia
rabbit-proof fence; Myxomatosis; Calicivirus (RHD). Prolific breeders that destroy land. Feral goat (Capra hircus). 1840. ... Feral cat (Felis catus). 1849. Pets. Europe. Throughout Australia, except in tropical rainforests (extensive). High to extreme ... Feral cat bounties in Queensland have also been considered to counter the growing problem. The dingo is subject to various ... "Invasive Species Fact Sheet: The feral cat (Felis catus)" (PDF). Department of the Environment and Heritage (Australia). 2004. ...
List of infectious diseases
Cat-scratch disease Bartonella henselae Cellulitis usually Group A Streptococcus and Staphylococcus ... Calicivirus infection (Norovirus and Sapovirus) Caliciviridae family Campylobacteriosis Campylobacter species Candidiasis ( ...
Domestic cat (Felis catus). The Ragamuffin is a breed of domestic cat. It is a variant of the Ragdoll cat and was established ... Legacy of the cat. Chronicle books, 2001. *^ Breed Standard: Ragamuffin Cat Fanciers Association Archived 2005-12-08 at the ... The first cat association to accept the breed at full show champion status was the United Feline Organization (UFO), and while ... Main article: Ragdoll cat. In the 1960s, a regular, non-pedigreed, light-grey, domestic long-haired cat named Josephine (of ...
Malik YS, Goyal SM (May 2006). "Virucidal efficacy of sodium bicarbonate on a food contact surface against feline calicivirus, ... Lages SL, Ramakrishnan MA, Goyal SM (February 2008). "In-vivo efficacy of hand sanitisers against feline calicivirus: a ... Phenols are toxic to cats and newborn humans. *Phenol is probably the oldest known disinfectant as it was first used by ... "Phenol and Phenolic Poisoning in Dogs and Cats". www.peteducation.com. Archived from the original on 19 September 2016.. ...
Domestic short-haired cat
Domestic cat (Felis catus). A domestic short-haired cat is a cat of mixed ancestry-thus not belonging to any particular ... While not bred as show cats, some mixed-breed cats are actually pedigreed and entered into cat shows that have non-purebred " ... Domestic long-haired cat. References. *^ a b Domestic Longhair (Video). Cats 101. Animal Planet.. .mw-parser-output cite. ... In the cat fancy, and among veterinarians and animal control agencies, domestic short-haired cats may be classified with ...
சோடியம் பைகார்பனேட்டு - தமிழ் விக்கிப்பீடியா
Malik, Y; Goyal, S (May 2006). "Virucidal efficacy of sodium bicarbonate on a food contact surface against feline calicivirus, ...
American Cat Fanciers Association
The ACFA is a cat registry for purebred, pedigreed cats, experimental breeds of cats, and household pet cats. ... ACFA sanctioned cat shows include classes for championship adult cats, championship altered cats, registered kittens from the ... ACFA was founded in 1955 by a group of cat fanciers desiring to show their cats in a democratic association, that is, one where ... The American Cat Fanciers Association (ACFA) is an American non-profit organization formed with the intent of allowing greater ...
Cat Aficionado Association
The Cat Aficionado Association (CAA) is China's largest registry of pedigreed cats and is recognized internationally in ... Chen, Hui-wen (2005). The Mythology of Cats. China: Baihua Literature and publishing house. ISBN 7-5306-4362-2.. .mw-parser- ... CAA's official goal is to publicize and promote pedigreed breeds of cats and to propagate the well-being of all non-pedigree ... CAA is evolving as an organization, with various programs such as cat rescue, and a trap-neuter-return (TNR) effort for ...
The cat flea affects both the cat and the dog worldwide. The cat flea can also maintain its life cycle on other carnivores ... Cat Specialist Group. *^ a b Sue Paterson (16 March 2009). Manual of Skin Diseases of the Dog and Cat. John Wiley & Sons. p. ... Cat fleas can transmit other parasites and infections to dogs and cats and also to humans. The most prominent of these are ... cat flea on the UF / IFAS Featured Creatures Web site. *About Ctenocephalides felis (cat flea): taxonomy, life cycle, ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Calico cats.. *"Tortoiseshell Cat Tortoiseshell Color Pattern, Tortie Cat" at animal- ... Tortoiseshell is a cat coat coloring named for its similarity to tortoiseshell material. Like calicos, tortoiseshell cats are ... "More Cat Color Patterns: Calicos, Tortoiseshell, Tuxedo Cats". Retrieved 2009-01-22.. ... As in humans, these cats often are sterile because of the imbalance in sex chromosomes. Some male calico or tortoiseshell cats ...
... feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV-1), feline calicivirus (FCV), and feline panleukopenia virus (FPV). The decision on whether to ... Feline hepatic lipidosis also known as Feline Fatty Liver Syndrome, is one of the most common forms of liver disease of cats.[5 ... For information about a correct cat diet, see Cat food. Central retinal degeneration. One of the cat diseases caused by ... Feline calicivirus (FCV), the other common viral cause of respiratory infection in cats. ...
Feline Calicivirus Symptoms
Diagnosis of Feline Calicivirus. The vet will perform a thorough physical examination of the cat and consider the cats risk of ... Oral ulcers are often a strong clinical indicator of feline calicivirus. If feline calicivirus is undetected, the vet will ... Sick cats should also be kept away from healthy pets. Prognosis. Although feline calicivirus doesnt lead to death if pets are ... Treatment of Feline Calicivirus. The aim of treatment is to support the cat with IV fluids to prevent dehydration. Although ...
How to Diagnose and Treat Feline Calicivirus (with Pictures)
The feline calicivirus (FCV) is one of several viruses that can cause upper respiratory infections in cats. Like upper ... respiratory infections in humans, the infection will cause most cats to... ... The feline calicivirus (FCV) is one of several viruses that can cause upper respiratory infections in cats. Like upper ... If they determine your cat has calicivirus, they may give you antibiotics, topical ointment, or eye drops to give your cat. ...
9 CFR 113.314 - Feline Calicivirus Vaccine. | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute
113.314 Feline Calicivirus Vaccine.. Feline Calicivirus Vaccine shall be prepared from virus-bearing cell culture fluids. Only ... 1) Thirty feline calicivirus susceptible cats shall be used as test animals (20 vaccinates and 10 controls). Throat swabs shall ... i) If less than 8 of 10 controls show clinical signs of feline calicivirus infection other than fever, the test is a No Test ... be collected from each cat and individually tested on susceptible cell cultures for the presence of feline calicivirus. Blood ...
Early interaction of feline calicivirus with cells in culture | SpringerLink
... attachment to Crandell-Reese feline kidney cells were determined. Maximum binding was observed at pH 6.5. Cells in suspension ... The kinetics and biochemical properties of feline calicivirus (FCV) ... The kinetics and biochemical properties of feline calicivirus (FCV) attachment to Crandell-Reese feline kidney cells were ... Love DN (1976) Feline calicivirus: purification of virus and extraction and characterization of its ribonucleic acid. Cornell ...
Identification and genomic mapping of the ORF3 and VPg proteins in feline calicivirus virions. - PubMed - NCBI
Identification and genomic mapping of the ORF3 and VPg proteins in feline calicivirus virions.. Sosnovtsev SV1, Green KY. ... Two minor proteins with molecular masses of 8.5 and 15.5 kDa were identified in feline calicivirus (FCV) virions. Direct ... protein corresponded to amino acids 961-980 of the FCV ORF1 polyprotein and mapped to the genomic location of the calicivirus ...
Feline Calicivirus (FCV) Overview - Calicivirus - HealthCommunities.com
... common viral disease that affects cats, is characterized by upper respiratory symptoms, pneumonia, oral ulceration (sores in ... Feline calicivirus (pronounced cal-ee-chee virus, also known as FCV), a common viral disease that affects cats, is ... Calicivirus and feline rhinotracheitis virus account for 85 to 90 percent of all URIs in cats. ... Calicivirus is part of the feline upper respiratory infection (URI) complex, a group of viral and bacterial infections (e.g., ...
Feline Calicivirus Treatment, Symptoms | Cat Calcivirus Infection
Feline calicivirus treatment involves use of antibiotics or any other medication. Symptoms are drastic changes in the animal s ... Feline Calcivirus Feline calicivirus is a virus that causes respiratory infection in cats. This infection is a form of cat flu ... Since calicivirus in cats causes a loss of appetite, it is important to make sure that the cat is well fed. You can coax the ... Keep in mind that the cats immune system is able to fight off feline calicivirus and so you need to ensure that their immune ...
Feline Calicivirus: A Cat Upper Respiratory Infection
Calicivirus and other feline URIs are highly contagious infections that can result in mild to severe clinical signs (especially ... Cats can easily transmit URIs, like calicivirus. URIs are the human equivalent of the common cold. Calicivirus and other feline ... Keep your cat indoors and away from other cats so he wont spread calicivirus or any URI. ... Whats the prognosis for calicivirus?. The prognosis for feline calicivirus and for other URIs is good with supportive care. ...
Feline Calicivirus radial colour 4M x mag (WY6SACGJV) by DavidBhella
... on Shapeways. Learn more before you buy, or discover other ... This is a three-dimensional reconstruction of Feline Calicivirus solved by cryo-electron microscopy. It is therefore an exact ... "The cryo-electron microscopy structure of feline calicivirus bound to junctional adhesion molecule A at 9-angstrom resolution ...
NEWStat | Vaccination and group housing impact likelihood of feline calicivirus
Swiss researchers studied both healthy cats and cats suspected of having FCV (FCV-suspect cats) to identify the frequency of ... is a RNA virus that affects both domestic and exotic cats. Some of the clinical symptoms often associated with FCV include ... Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a RNA virus that affects both domestic and exotic cats. Some of the clinical symptoms often ... Swiss researchers studied both healthy cats and cats suspected of having FCV (FCV-suspect cats) to identify the frequency of ...
Feline Calicivirus: A Challenge for Vaccines - WSAVA2004 - VIN
Isolation of feline calicivirus and feline herpesvirus from domestic cats 1980 to 1989. Vet. Rec. 128, 77-80. ... Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a major pathogen of the domestic cat causing upper-respiratory tract infection, oral vesicular ... Vaccination of cats with an attenuated recombinant myxoma virus expressing feline calicivirus capsid protein. Vaccine 20, 2454- ... An isolated epizootic of hemorrhagic-like fever in cats caused by a novel and highly virulent strain of feline calicivirus. Vet ...
Is Your Cat Protected From Feline Calicivirus? | PetCareRx
... is a virus that causes most upper respiratory infections found in cats. Luckily there is a way to prevent your cat from ... Causes of Feline Calicivirus. The feline calicivirus is highly contagious and easily spread between cats. Affected cats shed ... Feline Calicivirus at a glance. *1Feline calicivirus is a virus that commonly causes upper respiratory infections in cats ... Feline Calicivirus Prevention. The number one way to protect your cat from FCV is with a vaccination. The feline calicivirus ...
Stability of feline caliciviruses in marine water maintained at different temperatures.
... feline caliciviruses were employed as a model for the measurement of their stability in marine wat ... Since human caliciviruses are responsible for viral gastroenteritis transmitted by contaminated foods and the viruses barely ... Calicivirus, Feline / growth & development, pathogenicity, physiology*. Cats. Cell Line. Cold Temperature. Humans. Hydrogen-Ion ... Survival of four strains of feline calicivirus in marine water was measured when the seed viruses were diluted 1/10 with marine ...
IJERPH | Free Full-Text | Effect of Temperature on the Survival of F-Specific RNA Coliphage, Feline Calicivirus, and...
... feline calicivirus, and E. coli in normal tap water and in tap water treated to an initial concentration of 50 ppm free ... We compared the survival of F-specific RNA coliphage MS2, feline calicivirus, and E. coli in normal tap water and in tap water ... Effect of Temperature on the Survival of F-Specific RNA Coliphage, Feline Calicivirus, and Escherichia coli in Chlorinated ... Effect of Temperature on the Survival of F-Specific RNA Coliphage, Feline Calicivirus, and Escherichia coli in Chlorinated ...
Calicivirus In Cats - A Most Dangerous Disease
Read my experience of this dangerous and distressing cat disease ... Discover what Feline Calicivirus is and how you can protect ... Treatment of The Feline Calici Virus. Once a cat is infected with the virus all that can be done is for the cats system such ... Calicivirus. Protect Your Pet With Cat Vaccinations. The Calicivirus is associated with the condition known as cat flu, but in ... However any cat that comes into contact with a carrier or infected cat may also contract the calicivirus. ...
Isolation of Enzymatically Active Replication Complexes from Feline Calicivirus-Infected Cells | Journal of Virology
Feline calicivirus capsid protein expression and capsid assembly in cultured feline cells. J. Virol. 73:834-838. ... Ultrastructural studies of the development of feline calicivirus in a feline embryo cell line. Arch. Virol. 48:317-325. ... Electron microscopic observation of feline kidney cells infected with a feline calicivirus. Arch. Virol. 48:213-228. ... Feline calicivirus (FCV), a member of the genus Vesivirus in the family Caliciviridae, is a major agent of respiratory disease ...
Frontiers | Virucidal Activity of Fogged Chlorine Dioxide- and Hydrogen Peroxide-Based Disinfectants against Human Norovirus...
... feline calicivirus (FCV) dried on stainless steel coupons. Log10 reductions in human NoV and FCV were calculated utilizing ... feline calicivirus (FCV) dried on stainless steel coupons. Log10 reductions in human NoV and FCV were calculated utilizing ... Feline calicivirus strain F9 (FCV) was propagated in Crandell Rees feline kidney (CRFK) cells as previously described (Tung et ... FIGURE 2. Efficacy of H2O2 fogging on GI.6 and GII.4 Sydney human NoV and feline calicivirus (FCV) at various disinfectant ...
Epidemiological status of felid herpesvirus type-1 and feline calicivirus infections in Brazil/Situacao epidemiologica das...
Epidemiological status of felid herpesvirus type-1 and feline calicivirus infections in Brazil/Situacao epidemiologica das ... infeccoes pelo herpesvirus felino tipo 1 e calicivirus no Brasil.(microbiologia , texto en ingles) by Ciencia Rural; Earth ... Respiratory infections in cats are frequent and of great importance in feline internal medicine. Feline calicivirus (FCV) and ... Isolation of feline calicivirus from cats in Brazil. Veterinary Record, v.122, n.4, p.94-95, 1988. Andreia Henzel (I) Luciane ...
Molecular characterization of feline calicivirus variants from multicat household and public animal shelter in Rio de Janeiro,...
Feline calicivirus were isolated in CRFK cells and characterized by reverse transcription PCR target to both conserved and ... The aim of this study was to perform the molecular characterization of conserved and variable regions of feline calicivirus ... PEREIRA, Joylson de Jesus et al. Molecular characterization of feline calicivirus variants from multicat household and public ... Fifteen cats had conjunctivitis, three had oral ulceration, eight had respiratory signs (cough, sneeze and nasal discharge) and ...
Feline Calicivirus, Murine Norovirus, Porcine Sapovirus, and Tulane Virus Survival on Postharvest Lettuce | Applied and...
Survival of calicivirus in foods and on surfaces: experiments with feline calicivirus as a surrogate for norovirus. J Food Prot ... Inactivation of feline calicivirus, a Norwalk virus surrogate. J Hosp Infect 41:51-57. doi:10.1016/S0195-6701(99)90037-3. ... Feline Calicivirus, Murine Norovirus, Porcine Sapovirus, and Tulane Virus Survival on Postharvest Lettuce. Malak A. Esseili, ... Among members of the Caliciviridae family, feline calicivirus (FCV) has been the most widely used HuNoV surrogate since the ...
Calicivirus infection: mouth illustration | cats | Vetlexicon Felis from Vetstream | Definitive Veterinary Intelligence
Feline calicivirus disease in cats | Vetlexicon Felis from Vetstream | Definitive Veterinary Intelligence
Find details on Feline calicivirus disease in cats including diagnosis and symptoms, pathogenesis, prevention, treatment, ... Coyne K P, Jones B R, Kipar A et al (2005) Lethal outbreak of disease associated with feline calicivirus infection in cats. Vet ... One of the causes of feline upper respiratory tract disease (cat flu). There are a large number of different strains of feline ... calicivirus with varying antigenicity and pathogenicity Feline calicivirus Feline calicivirus (new strains). ...
Should You Vaccinate Your Cat Against Feline Calicivirus? - WBOC-TV 16, Delmarvas News Leader, FOX 21
... up to eight percent of house cats and 25 percent of cats from multiple cat environments like shelters are calicivirus carriers ... So every calicivirus that mutates into a virulent calicivirus will, as it is passed on to the next cat, ultimately once again ... Should You Vaccinate Your Cat Against Feline Calicivirus? - WBOC-TV 16, Delmarvas News Leader, FOX 21 - Member Center:*Create ... Cats may shed the virus through their saliva, so a single sneeze could blast other felines with it. Even asymptomatic cats ...
Efficacy of 405nm light for inactivation of feline calicivirus : a surrogate for norovirus - Strathprints
405nm light, feline calicivirus, antiviral activity, decontamination , Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine, Virology, ... Efficacy of 405nm light for inactivation of feline calicivirus : a surrogate for norovirus ... Efficacy of 405nm light for inactivation of feline calicivirus : a surrogate for norovirus. In: The 9th Healthcare Infection ... therefore this study was designed to investigate whether feline calicivirus (FCV), the standard surrogate for NoV, can be ...
Translation initiation on feline calicivirus mRNA. - Surrey Research Insight Open Access
The aim of this project was to investigate the mechanism of translation initiation on feline calicivirus (FCV) mRNA. This was ... Gioldasi, Ioanna. (2003) Translation initiation on feline calicivirus mRNA. Doctoral thesis, University of Surrey (United ... Caliciviruses are single-stranded positive-sense RNA viruses. The viral genome is polyadenylated and 7-8 kb in length. Non- ... The most important feature of calicivirus mRNA is the lack of a "cap" structure at the 5 end. The viral mRNA bears a 10-15 ...
Apoptosis in cultured cells infected with feline calicivirus - Surrey Research Insight Open Access
Feline calicivirus and other respiratory pathogens in cats with Feline calicivirus-related symptoms and in clinically healthy...
Feline calicivirus and other respiratory pathogens in cats with Feline calicivirus-related symptoms and in clinically healthy ... Feline calicivirus and other respiratory pathogens in cats with Feline calicivirus-related symptoms and in clinically healthy ... Background: Cats with feline calicivirus (FCV)-related symptoms are commonly presented to veterinary practitioners. Various ... Background: Cats with feline calicivirus (FCV)-related symptoms are commonly presented to veterinary practitioners. Various ...
Genetic diversity and phenotypic associations of feline caliciviruses from cats in Switzerland - Zurich Open Repository and...
Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a common viral pathogen in domestic cats worldwide. The variable regions of the capsid (VP1) gene ... Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a common viral pathogen in domestic cats worldwide. The variable regions of the capsid (VP1) gene ... Genetic diversity and phenotypic associations of feline caliciviruses from cats in Switzerland ZORA Maintenance. Advanced ... Genetic diversity and phenotypic associations of feline caliciviruses from cats in Switzerland. Journal of General Virology, 97 ...
Protein-RNA linkage and posttranslational modifications of feline calicivirus and murine norovirus VPg proteins [PeerJ]
... most notably feline calicivirus (FCV) and murine norovirus (MNV). These are therefore widely used as representative members ... The replication of the calicivirus RNA genome occurs via a double-stranded RNA intermediate that is then used as a template for ... The detailed characterization of the calicivirus life cycle had been hampered due to the lack of robust cell culture systems ... This work provides the first direct experimental characterization of the linkage of infectious calicivirus viral RNA to the VPg ...
A Classification of Feline Calicivirus Isolates Based on Plaque Morphology | Microbiology Society
Summary Isolates of feline calicivirus (FCV) can be divided into four groups according to plaque size under an agar overlay. ... A Classification of Feline Calicivirus Isolates Based on Plaque Morphology * E. Ormerod and O. Jarrett ... Isolates of feline calicivirus (FCV) can be divided into four groups according to plaque size under an agar overlay. All ...
NorovirusDistemperHighly contagiousRespiratory diseaseInfectionVaccinationInfectionsConjunctivitisRhinotracheitis virusContagiousVaccinesChlamydiaSystemicRabiesPeritonitisSurrogateParvovirusUlcersLeukemia virusVirusesHerpesDiseasesImmunodeficiency virusDiseaseStrains of feline calicivirusVaccinationsNasalVaccineCommonlyPanleukopenia virusCommon felineCalici VirusHuman calicivirusesVirusComplete nucleotide sequenceLeukaemiaVirologyDiagnosisDischarge from the eyesCoronavirusPrevalenceVeterinarianSpread calicivirusCapsid proteinAbstractPathogen of catsClinicalFeverSignsProtein
- Because HuNoV cannot be routinely cultured, culturable feline calicivirus (FCV), murine norovirus (MNV), porcine sapovirus (SaV), and Tulane virus (TV) have been used as surrogates. (asm.org)
- However, a number of caliciviruses replicate efficiently in cell culture and have robust reverse genetics systems available, most notably feline calicivirus (FCV) and murine norovirus (MNV). (peerj.com)
- The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of common types of disinfectants/cleaning agents used in health care facilities in British Columbia on surrogate viruses, murine norovirus (MNV-1) and feline calicivirus (FCV). (ubc.ca)
- Sapovirus, Norovirus and Vesivirus have been detected in pigs, making this animal species of particular interest in the study of calicivirus pathogenesis and host range. (wikipedia.org)
- Read Feline Panleukopenia (Feline Distemper) for more information. (revivalanimal.com)
- Known as feline distemper, this virus is common in young cats and attacks the stomach, intestines and brain. (naturalhealthvillage.com)
- Vaccines protect your pets from potentially life threatening viruses and disease such as Rabies, Distemper, Leptospirosis, Parvovirus and Feline Leukemia Virus (FLV). (amandafoundation.org)
- Feline Panleukopenia (Feline Distemper) is a viral disease which causes severe gastrointestinal upset and abdominal pain and is often fatal, especially in kittens. (dogandcat.com)
- Feline panleukopenia (FPV) more commonly known as feline distemper. (wikipedia.org)
- Feline infectious enteritis Also known as feline distemper, this spreads through infected urine, faeces, blood or fleas and can be fatal, particularly in kittens. (comparethemarket.com)
- Also known as Feline Distemper. (stonemountainpetlodge.com)
- Calicivirus and other feline URIs are highly contagious infections that can result in mild to severe clinical signs (especially in immunosuppressed or very young kittens). (pethealthnetwork.com)
- The feline calicivirus is highly contagious and easily spread between cats. (petcarerx.com)
- The next day I was told that the vets suspected the Calicivirus and because of this had put both cats in quarantine as it was highly contagious. (our-happy-cat.com)
- Highly contagious so all kittens and cats are at risk, but the death rate is much higher for kittens. (revivalanimal.com)
- Calicivirus is highly contagious among cats but is not contagious to humans. (vetsecure.com)
- Because FCV is highly contagious, easily spread, and has a carrier state, it can be difficult to eliminate from a multicat household or from a group of cats that goes outside and can be exposed to other cats. (vetsecure.com)
- While vaccines have greatly reduced the incidence of serious respiratory disease in cats, they have not eliminated the highly contagious pathogens that cause them. (cornell.edu)
- Feline calicivirus is a highly contagious and common virus in cat populations worldwide. (cornell.edu)
- Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis and Feline Calici Virus are highly contagious respiratory diseases that are sometimes fatal. (dogandcat.com)
- A highly contagious viral disease caused by the feline parvovirus, usually spread when cats come into contact with the blood, urine, fecal matter, nasal secretions, and even fleas from other infected cats. (stonemountainpetlodge.com)
- Feline calicivirus (FCV), a member of the genus Vesivirus in the family Caliciviridae , is a major agent of respiratory disease in cats. (asm.org)
- The majority of cats with upper respiratory disease recover from clinical disease within 2 weeks of infection. (vetstream.com)
- Gaskell R M, Radford A D & Dawson S Feline Respiratory Disease . (vetstream.com)
- Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a major causative agent of respiratory disease in cats. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Feline calivicirus is a respiratory disease. (animalwised.com)
- 80 - 90% of all feline respiratory disease complex is due to feline calicivirus or feline rhinotracheitis virus (feline herpesvirus). (cat-world.com)
- Feline herpesvirus, and feline calicivirus account for 80 - 90% of all feline respiratory disease complex. (cat-world.com)
- Bordatella bronchiseptica (Kennel Cough): Contagious bacteria that causes respiratory disease among dogs and less commonly cats. (embracepetinsurance.com)
- A tractable surrogate is feline calcivirus, (FCV) a notable veterinary pathogen in its own right that causes respiratory disease in cats. (gla.ac.uk)
- It is one of the two important viral causes of respiratory infection in cats, the other being Felid alphaherpesvirus 1. (wikipedia.org)
- Co-infection with either feline herpesvirus or feline immunodeficiency virus causes a more severe disease. (wikipedia.org)
- Cats on corticosteroids must be monitored carefully for worsening of any upper respiratory infection. (wikipedia.org)
- Feline calicivirus is an infection that causes upper respiratory diseases in cats. (vetinfo.com)
- Since feline calicivirus is contagious, pet owners should promptly diagnose cats that exhibit any symptoms of upper respiratory infection. (vetinfo.com)
- Like upper respiratory infections in humans, the infection will cause most cats to exhibit symptoms such as congestion and eye problems. (wikihow.com)
- Cats with this virus basically develop an upper respiratory infection. (wikihow.com)
- Part of that infection includes your cat having a runny nose. (wikihow.com)
- i) If less than 8 of 10 controls show clinical signs of feline calicivirus infection other than fever, the test is a No Test and may be repeated. (cornell.edu)
- Calicivirus is part of the feline upper respiratory infection (URI) complex , a group of viral and bacterial infections (e.g. (healthcommunities.com)
- Feline calicivirus is a viral infection and so it cannot be treated with antibiotics or any other medication. (pethealthandcare.com)
- Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a major pathogen of the domestic cat causing upper-respiratory tract infection, oral vesicular disease and chronic stomatitis. (vin.com)
- Interestingly, isolates from cats with chronic infection had a lower antigenic relatedness than the acute infection ones (Poulet et al . (vin.com)
- Isolates from cats with chronic infection (stars) have a lower antigenic relatedness than cats with acute infection (circles). (vin.com)
- If your cat does have the virus, treatment will depend on the severity of the infection. (petcarerx.com)
- Cats can remain contagious for 72 days or longer after infection even though they might not show any more symptoms themselves. (our-happy-cat.com)
- In some cats the joints are a site of viral infection causing an acute synovitis with thickening of the synovial membrane and increased quantities of synovial fluid. (vetstream.com)
- Clinically recovered cats frequently become carriers of the virus and act as a source of infection to other susceptible animals. (vetstream.com)
- The majority of cats will still be shedding virus 30 days after infection although some cats are then able to eliminate the virus, and there is an exponential fall off in the number of cats remaining carriers. (vetstream.com)
- Re-infection is possible and is likely to be common in groups of cats. (vetstream.com)
- Viralin activation was measured by assessing infection of a feline embryo cell line (FEA). (strath.ac.uk)
- The aims of this study were 1) to investigate the frequency of FCV in cats with FCV-related symptoms and in healthy cats in Switzerland, 2) to assess risk and protective factors for infection, such as signalment, housing conditions, vaccination, and co-infection with URTD-associated pathogens, and 3) to address the association between clinical symptoms and FCV infection. (uzh.ch)
- FCV infection was present in some healthy cats, underlining the importance of asymptomatic carriers in FCV epidemiology. (uzh.ch)
- Feline Calicivirus (FCV) is a ubiquitous pathogen of cats producing a variety of clinical symptoms, including oral ulceration, upper respiratory tract infection and polyarthritis. (leicabiosystems.com)
- It is the most common cause of upper respiratory infection in cats together with FHV. (animalabs.com)
- Most cats shed FCV in oropharyngeal secretions for 30 days after infection, but there are cases of longer shedding the virus. (animalabs.com)
- Hygiene is very important in managing Feline calicivirus infection. (animalabs.com)
- Feline calicivirus infection is widespread in the general cat population. (animalabs.com)
- However, if your house cat has access to the outside, there is also possibility of infection, which can infect other cats in the household if there are any. (animalwised.com)
- The most common route of infection occurs through objects or spaces the infected cat usually uses. (animalwised.com)
- However, any cat can become infected with the virus, so it is important to keep vaccines up to date and give your cat the care they need in order to prevent infection. (animalwised.com)
- Calicivirus is a common viral infection which causes flu-like symptoms in cats. (cat-world.com)
- Supportive care such as fluids and nutrition while your cat fights the infection. (cat-world.com)
- Calicivirus (FCV) is a common viral infection found in cats that is characterised by the presence of flu-like symptoms such as upper respiratory infection. (cat-world.com)
- Dual infection with both feline calicivirus and feline herpesvirus are relatively common. (cat-world.com)
- The most common mode of infection is direct transmission from an infected cat. (cat-world.com)
- Cats can remain carriers for years after infection, which means even though they have contracted the virus, become sick and recovered, the virus is still shed in excretions, and it is possible to infect other cats. (cat-world.com)
- Several calicivirus strains can affect cats, and symptoms differ depending on the virulence of the particular virus causing infection. (cat-world.com)
- Cats that go outside or spend time around other cats are at increased risk for exposure to FCV infection. (vetsecure.com)
- Most commonly, infection is spread by direct contact with an infected cat that is sneezing. (vetsecure.com)
- Also known as feline herpesvirus , this virus causes symptoms similar to an upper respiratory infection or head cold in humans. (naturalhealthvillage.com)
- Young and adolescent cats are most susceptible to this common infection. (cornell.edu)
- Up to 97% of cats are exposed to feline herpes virus in their lifetime, and the virus causes a lifelong infection in up to 80% of exposed cats. (cornell.edu)
- Commonly referred to as feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR), herpes infection can cause upper respiratory signs (see third paragraph above), ulcers on the cornea (keratitis), and fever. (cornell.edu)
- In acute cases of infection in young cats, antiviral drugs may help treat lesions on the cornea and upper respiratory signs. (cornell.edu)
- Once infected, cats carry the infection for life and may experience recurring bouts of upper respiratory and eye disease. (cornell.edu)
- While most cats infected with calicivirus develop upper respiratory signs (see third paragraph above), the infection may spread to the lower respiratory tract and cause pneumonia. (cornell.edu)
- If your cat has a build-up of fluid in the lungs, the vet may take some of it from the chest for tests which will identify bacteria that is causing the infection. (vetinfo.com)
- We are studying the attachment and entry pathway of FCV to build an understanding of the early stages of calicivirus infection. (gla.ac.uk)
- Feline viral rhinotracheitis (FVR) is an upper respiratory infection of cats caused by feline herpesvirus 1 (FHV-1). (wikipedia.org)
- Feline calicivirus (FCV), the other common viral cause of respiratory infection in cats. (wikipedia.org)
- This virus attacks the immune system and leaves cats more susceptible to infection and illness as well as prone to developing certain cancers. (companioncare.co.uk)
- Spread by the feces and urine of infected cats, this virus attacks their immune system leaving the animal unable to fight infection. (vcahospitals.com)
- a common lentivirus infection of cats considered to share many features in common with human immunodeficiency virus and human AIDS. (thefreedictionary.com)
- a granulomatous skin disease of cats believed to be associated with Mycobacterium lepraemurium infection. (thefreedictionary.com)
- exists in three subtypes, A, B and C. Subclinical infection occurs in many cats, but some become persistently viremic carriers, shedding the virus in saliva and urine. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Calicivirus infection to reduce clinical signs. (viovet.co.uk)
- To reduce FCV-related problems in multi-cat environments, reduction of group size in addition to the generally recommended vaccination are advocated. (uzh.ch)
- Calicivirus can cause transient arthritis in the joints of some infected cats leading to limping (known as limping syndrome ) which has been seen in both calicivirus and also after vaccination. (cat-world.com)
- Vaccination can protect cats from disease associated with FCV. (vetsecure.com)
- The FCV vaccination is recommended for all cats. (vetsecure.com)
- All cats are given a four-way vaccination to protect from Calici as well as other common diseases as soon as they enter the shelter. (pawsandwhiskers.org)
- Vaccination against feline herpes is recommended for all cats. (cornell.edu)
- For cats, this important vaccination helps to protect from the most common feline virus. (amandafoundation.org)
- 828.30 Rabies vaccination of dogs, cats, and ferrets. (flsenate.gov)
- By now, many savvy animal lovers are aware of the dangers of over-vaccination, and are opting against annual boosters for their dogs and cats. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
- In cats and dogs, aggressive tumors (fibrosarcomas) can occasionally arise at the site of vaccination. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
- Many vaccines can be given to pets as young as 6 weeks old, so talk to your vet about setting up the best vaccination schedule for your cat or dog, kitten or puppy. (webmd.com)
- Cats that haven't been vaccinated in the past year will first need a primary vaccination course consisting of two injections given a couple of weeks apart. (companioncare.co.uk)
- Both of these viruses are extremely common in our cat population and the disease can be severe which is why vaccination is considered important for all cats. (companioncare.co.uk)
- Because some problems can be life threatening, vaccination of cats should be done only by a veterinarian or under the supervision of a veterinarian. (maxshouse.com)
- Several types of vaccines are available for vaccination of cats. (maxshouse.com)
- Owners should be aware that vaccinated cats may sneeze and develop mild ocular and/or nasal discharge four to seven days after IN vaccination. (maxshouse.com)
- Vaccinated cats shed vaccine viruses for long periods after IN vaccination. (maxshouse.com)
- Although vaccination may appear to be a simple, innocuous procedure, there are several potential adverse effects and several precautions concerning vaccination of cats that must be kept in mind. (maxshouse.com)
- Onsets of immunity have been demonstrated 1 week after primary vaccination course for rhinotracheitis, calicivirus and panleucopenia components, and 2 weeks after primary vaccination course for feline leukaemia component. (viovet.co.uk)
- The duration of immunity after the last re-vaccination is 3 years for the rhinotracheitis, calicivirosis and panleucopenia components, and 1 year for the feline leukaemia component. (viovet.co.uk)
- Vaccination of FeLV positive cats is of no benefit. (viovet.co.uk)
- Revaccination: - The first revaccination must be carried out for all components one year after the primary vaccination course, - Subsequent revaccinations must be carried out: every year for the feline leukaemia component and at intervals of up to three years for the rhinotracheitis, calicivirosis and panleucopenia components. (viovet.co.uk)
- FCV can be isolated from about 50% of cats with upper respiratory infections. (wikipedia.org)
- Latent or subclinical infections often become clinical when the cat is stressed, such as at the time of adoption. (wikipedia.org)
- In addition, kittens and cats over 10 years of age are at greater risk of contracting viral infections. (vetinfo.com)
- All cats should receive core vaccines to safeguard them from fatal infections. (vetinfo.com)
- The feline calicivirus (FCV) is one of several viruses that can cause upper respiratory infections in cats. (wikihow.com)
- While antibiotics do not treat this disease, they can keep your cat from developing other infections related to the virus. (wikihow.com)
- It is very important to visit a vet as soon as possible as cats have a delicate constitution and infections can often prove to be fatal. (pethealthandcare.com)
- While these symptoms are similar to other respiratory infections, feline calicivirus will also cause oral ulcers or ulcers around the nose. (pethealthandcare.com)
- Feline bacterial pneumonia is one of the most common secondary infections that are caused by feline calcivirus. (pethealthandcare.com)
- before bringing your new kitten home to meet the others, make sure to talk with your veterinarian about the risks of calicivirus, and other upper respiratory infections (URIs) and the importance of isolating your new kitten from your other cats (typically for at least 5-7 days). (pethealthnetwork.com)
- Upper respiratory infections are more likely to occur under certain circumstances: crowded living conditions (e.g., shelters, catteries), unsanitary conditions (e.g., when poor disinfection or poor hygiene are allowed), or during times of exposure to affected cats where bodily fluids are being exchanged by contagious discharge from the eyes or nose (sneezing). (pethealthnetwork.com)
- You and your veterinarian might also consider a supplement called lysine, which is often helpful with feline viral infections and is very benign. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a virus that causes most upper respiratory infections found in cats. (petcarerx.com)
- Feline calicivirus (FCV) is the primary cause of upper respiratory infections in cats. (petcarerx.com)
- Once a cat is infected with the virus all that can be done is for the cat's system such as such as their kidney and liver function to be supported and for treatment of any secondary infections. (our-happy-cat.com)
- Antibiotics are often prescribed to the cat to help with any infections which may arise secondary to the virus. (our-happy-cat.com)
- Epidemiological status of felid herpesvirus type-1 and feline calicivirus infections in Brazil/Situacao epidemiologica das infeccoes pelo herpesvirus felino tipo 1 e calicivirus no Brasil. (thefreelibrary.com)
- Respiratory infections in cats are frequent and of great importance in feline internal medicine. (thefreelibrary.com)
- Upper respiratory infections, oral ulceration, limping and lethargy occur fairly frequently in cats, and may be symptoms of the very common feline calicivirus (FCV). (wboc.com)
- Secondary bacterial infections can complicate feline calicivirus. (cat-world.com)
- While viral infections and their impact are well studied in domestic cats, only limited information is available on their occurrence in free-ranging lions. (nova.edu)
- The goals of the present study were (i) to investigate the prevalence of antibodies to feline calicivirus (FCV), herpesvirus (FHV), coronavirus (FCoV), parvovirus (FPV), and immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and of feline leukemia virus (FeLV) antigen in 311 serum samples collected between 1984 and 1991 from lions inhabiting Tanzania's national parks and (ii) to evaluate the possible biological importance and the interrelationship of these viral infections. (nova.edu)
- Read Upper Respiratory Infections in Cats for more information. (revivalanimal.com)
- Along with the rhinotracheitis virus, feline calicivirus (FCV) is responsible for most feline upper respiratory infections. (vetsecure.com)
- Feline upper airway infections, sometimes called upper respiratory infections , are very common. (vetsecure.com)
- Calicivirus infections commonly cause acute gastroenteritis, which is the inflammation of the stomach and intestines (e.g. the Norwalk Virus). (wikipedia.org)
- Most calicivirus infections do not call for medical attention, but those who are immunocompromised may need to be hospitalized for rehydration therapy. (wikipedia.org)
- Respiratory infections are common in cats, especially in high-density populations such as shelters, breeding catteries, and feral cat colonies. (cornell.edu)
- While these flare-ups are often relatively mild and clear up on their own, infections can, in rare cases, lead to more significant illness and even death in cats with coexisting health problems. (cornell.edu)
- Cats are frequently wounded in fights with other cats, and if punctures and tears caused by bites are left untreated, the wounds can lead to serious infections , including abscesses . (wikipedia.org)
- These are two different viruses which are often grouped as 'cat flu' because together they cause the majority of upper respiratory tract infections in cats. (companioncare.co.uk)
- Treatment for cat flu is based around treating the secondary bacterial infections with antibiotics. (companioncare.co.uk)
- Unfortunately there is no specific treatment, despite supportive treatments cats will often suffer from severe dehydration and massive secondary infections which result in a poor outcome. (companioncare.co.uk)
- During early stages of the disease, cats may not show any signs of illness but as the disease progresses you may notice weight loss, lethargy and other poor health including pale gums, poor coat, fever, diarrhoea and recurrent respiratory tract infections. (companioncare.co.uk)
- These infections usually involve viruses (especially feline herpesvirus and feline calicivirus), bacteria and chlamydial agents. (petplace.com)
- Infections of the feline tooth can allow bacteria to establish in the nasal sinus with resulting inflammation and sneezing. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- Cats with this virus often develop conjunctivitis , which is an inflammation of the inner membrane of the eye. (wikihow.com)
- Fifteen cats had conjunctivitis, three had oral ulceration, eight had respiratory signs (cough, sneeze and nasal discharge) and nine were asymptomatic. (scielo.br)
- FVR is usually diagnosed by recognizing upper respiratory signs in young or unvaccinated cats, or recurring conjunctivitis or keratitis in older cats, combined with the results of various diagnostic tests. (cornell.edu)
- Recurring cases of keratitis or conjunctivitis can often be managed with antivirals, drugs such as corticosteroids, and by limiting stress caused by crowded living conditions, surgeries, the introduction of new cats, or moving. (cornell.edu)
- Conjunctivitis is a common eye problem in cats. (petplace.com)
- Below is an overview of conjunctivitis in cats followed by in-depth detailed information about the diagnosis and treatment options for this disease. (petplace.com)
- Feline conjunctivitis is a common eye ailment, but unfortunately the exact cause of the conjunctivitis is often not defined. (petplace.com)
- In cats, there are a variety of diseases that can result in conjunctivitis. (petplace.com)
- Feline chlamydophilosis This predominantly causes conjunctivitis in cats. (comparethemarket.com)
- Calicivirus and feline rhinotracheitis virus account for 85 to 90 percent of all URIs in cats. (healthcommunities.com)
- The virus is very contagious and so is more prevalent where cats are kept in larger quantities, so catteries and animal shelters have to be very careful and keep their eyes peeled for the first signs of the illness. (our-happy-cat.com)
- This is the most widespread disease of cats and is extremely contagious. (revivalanimal.com)
- Talk with your vet about vaccines that should be administered to cats to protect them from viral diseases. (vetinfo.com)
- Efficient vaccines able to reduce viral excretion would be expected to aid in decreasing FCV prevalence in the cat population. (vin.com)
- Several studies have suggested that modified live strains from attenuated vaccines might contribute to the emergence of new isolates in the feline population (Dawson et al . (vin.com)
- Once you know how horrible this virus can be, I hope you will feel able to speak to your vet about getting your lovely pet protected with the right cat vaccines every year. (our-happy-cat.com)
- My aim is to make you aware of the calicivirus and its symptoms, but most of all to encourage you to speak to your vet about protecting your pet with the right cat vaccines. (our-happy-cat.com)
- The American Animal Hospital Association and the American Veterinary Medical Association recommend that every cat should have or receive immunizations with core vaccines. (revivalanimal.com)
- While antibodies from mom protect kittens for the first few weeks of life, by the time your new cat is six weeks of age, they need vaccines to ensure their health. (naturalhealthvillage.com)
- Vaccines are categorized as core vaccines which are necessary for all cats, and non-core or elective vaccines that are only needed in certain situations. (naturalhealthvillage.com)
- Read on to learn more about the diseases that core vaccines help prevent, and for cat vaccines visit Vet Products Direct for additional information. (naturalhealthvillage.com)
- Vaccines are important to make sure your cat lives a long, healthy life and can also protect you and your family from diseases. (naturalhealthvillage.com)
- The affected cats will be isolated and treated for their symptoms, administered new vaccines, as well as strict cleaning guidelines and limiting any interaction with the public. (pawsandwhiskers.org)
- Your cat should also receive annual booster vaccines to help maintain the proper level of antibodies needed to protect them. (amandafoundation.org)
- A "more is better" philosophy still prevails with regard to dog and cat vaccines. (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
- The concept of "core" vaccines was developed some years ago to distinguish vaccines that every dog and cat should have, from those that are "non-core" (optional or depend on the region/area where the animal lives). (animalwellnessmagazine.com)
- Highly effective vaccines are available, however, and all cats and kittens should be vaccinated as this virus is much better prevented than treated. (companioncare.co.uk)
- 72 (2)(a) For each cat transported into the state for sale, 73 the tests, vaccines, and anthelmintics required by this section 74 must be administered by or under the direction of a 75 veterinarian, licensed by the state of origin and accredited by 76 the United States Department of Agriculture, who issues the 77 official certificate of veterinary inspection. (flsenate.gov)
- he incidence of many infectious diseases in cats has been reduced greatly through the use of vaccines. (maxshouse.com)
- Although no vaccine is 100 percent effective, the proper use of vaccines allows kittens the best opportunity to grow up as healthy, robust cats. (maxshouse.com)
- MLV vaccines should not be administered to pregnant cats. (maxshouse.com)
- In the future, we will probably see a number of unique recombinant vaccines for various infectious diseases of the cat. (maxshouse.com)
- The IN respiratory vaccines are administered by allowing the cat to inhale drops of vaccine into the nostrils. (maxshouse.com)
- Will vaccines hurt my cat? (comparethemarket.com)
- House cats that rarely go out may not need certain vaccines, while multiple cat households might mean cats need greater protection. (comparethemarket.com)
- A form of FCV has been found to cause a particularly severe systemic disease in cats, similar to rabbit hemorrhagic disease (which is also caused by a calicivirus). (wikipedia.org)
- This virus has been called virulent systemic feline calicivirus (VS-FCV) or FCV-associated virulent systemic disease (VSD). (wikipedia.org)
- Prins, a veterinary supplies salesperson from Reisterstown, Md., discovered last November that she ultimately lost three cats to what was confirmed, upon autopsy, to have been a virulent systemic strain of the feline calicivirus. (wboc.com)
- The sickness is called virulent systemic feline calicivirus (VS-FCV). (wboc.com)
- In recent years a more virulent and dangerous strain of this virus has been discovered, called VS-FCV, virulent systemic feline calicivirus. (animalwised.com)
- There is a particularly virulent form known as ' virulent systemic feline calicivirus or VS-FCV ' with a mortality rate of 40% . (cat-world.com)
- One type of FCV, called virulent systemic calicivirus (VS-FCV), causes more serious clinical signs and can cause death in more than 30% of infected cats. (vetsecure.com)
- Read Rabies in Dogs and Cats for more information. (revivalanimal.com)
- Effective against canine parvovirus, feline calicivirus, the rabies virus and more. (revivalanimal.com)
- As with dogs, there is no law requiring cats to be vaccinated in Singapore unless they are imported, in which case they need to have all vaccinations up to date, including rabies shots. (angloinfo.com)
- In the United States, cats make up 4.6% of reported cases of rabies infected animals. (wikipedia.org)
- Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), a fatal, incurable disease caused by Feline Infectious Peritonitis Virus (FIPV), which is a mutation of Feline Enteric Coronavirus (FECV/FeCoV). (wikipedia.org)
- We investigated the efficacy of two commercial disinfectants, hydrogen peroxide (7.5%) and a chlorine dioxide (0.2%)-surfactant-based product using a fogging delivery system against human NoV GI.6 and GII.4 Sydney strains as well as the cultivable surrogate, feline calicivirus (FCV) dried on stainless steel coupons. (frontiersin.org)
- Among members of the Caliciviridae family, feline calicivirus (FCV) has been the most widely used HuNoV surrogate since the 1990s ( 5 ). (asm.org)
- Aim(s)/Objectives: To date, the antiviral efficacy of 405nm light has not been fully determined, therefore this study was designed to investigate whether feline calicivirus (FCV), the standard surrogate for NoV, can be inactivated by 405nm light, and how viral susceptibility may be influenced when suspended in biologically-relevant material. (strath.ac.uk)
- Prevalence of Antibodies to Feline Parvovirus, Calicivirus, Herpesviru" by Regina Hofmann-Lehmann, Daniela Fehr et al. (nova.edu)
- Parvoviruses: canine parvovirus and feline panleukopenia virus. (routledge.com)
- A serosurvey of feline herpesvirus type 1 (FHV-1), feline calicivirus (FCV), and feline parvovirus (FPV) in cats from Ho Chi Minh City area in southern Vietnam was conducted in December 1998, and we compared the results with our previous results in northern Vietnam (Hanoi area). (elsevier.com)
- Oral ulcers are often a strong clinical indicator of feline calicivirus. (vetinfo.com)
- If feline calicivirus is undetected, the vet will perform fluroscein stain testing to diagnose corneal ulcers associated with feline rhinotracheitis. (vetinfo.com)
- While not every cat develops this issue, some cats will develop mouth ulcers. (wikihow.com)
- If your cat is drooling or pawing at their mouth, it may be a sign they have mouth ulcers. (wikihow.com)
- That said, if your cat has corneal ulcers secondary to any URIs, topical eye medications (e.g., terramycin, erythromycin, etc.) may be necessary. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- This time the vet discovered that both cats had terrible mouth ulcers. (our-happy-cat.com)
- The pain of mouth ulcers can cause the cat to stop eating . (animalwised.com)
- Mainly, symptoms will let you know whether it is a case of feline calicivirus, especially when ulcers in the animal's mouth appear. (animalwised.com)
- If oral ulcers are present, calicivirus is most likely. (cat-world.com)
- Also, FCV-associated mouth and tongue ulcers are very painful, causing some cats to refuse to eat or drink. (vetsecure.com)
- Cats infected with calicivirus develop ulcers inside their mouths and on their noses, and they may start to limp as the virus attacks the joints, making them inflamed and painful. (naturalhealthvillage.com)
- In rare cases, susceptible cats may develop inflammation or ulcers in the mouth. (cornell.edu)
- Since human caliciviruses are responsible for viral gastroenteritis transmitted by contaminated foods and the viruses barely propagate in cell culture, feline caliciviruses were employed as a model for the measurement of their stability in marine water. (biomedsearch.com)
- Survival of four strains of feline calicivirus in marine water was measured when the seed viruses were diluted 1/10 with marine water and maintained at 4 degrees C, 10 degrees C, and 20 degrees C respectively. (biomedsearch.com)
- The replication strategy of the caliciviruses has not been characterized as extensively as for many positive-strand RNA viruses. (asm.org)
- Our study was initiated to examine how caliciviruses might utilize this potential combination of elements from the replication strategies of other positive-strand RNA viruses, as well as to identify features unique to calicivirus replication. (asm.org)
- Therefore, the present review aims to gather data on the clinical, virological and epidemiological aspects of both viruses in RS and in several other Brazilian states with an emphasis on the importance of the presence of FCV and FeHV1 in the non-immune population of cats. (thefreelibrary.com)
- The variants circulating in public short-term animal shelter demonstrated a high variability because of the relatively rapid turnover of carrier cats constantly introduced of multiple viruses into this location over time. (scielo.br)
- Caliciviruses are single-stranded positive-sense RNA viruses. (surrey.ac.uk)
- Vertebrate RNA viruses that encode a VPg protein include picornaviruses, astroviruses and caliciviruses ( Goodfellow, 2011 ). (peerj.com)
- Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Picornavirales Family: Caliciviridae Genus: Vesivirus Feline calicivirus Vesicular exanthema of swine virus Other, unofficial Vesi-like viruses include canine calicivirus, San Miguel sealion virus, vesivirus Cro1 and walrus calicivirus. (wikipedia.org)
- In addition, both viruses were isolated from cats that showed no signs of disease . (bvsalud.org)
- Norwalk virus and the subsequently described Norwalk-like caliciviruses (NLVs) have also been collectively described as small, round-structured viruses ( 6 ). (asm.org)
- These viruses are transmitted from cat to cat through contact with saliva, nose, and eye discharge. (dogandcat.com)
- Feline herpes virus and feline calicivirus These two viruses cause what's commonly known as cat flu. (comparethemarket.com)
- Once a cat has had feline herpes it is infected for life and may suffer recurrent flare-ups that are treated with antibiotics and eye drops. (vcahospitals.com)
- Diagnosis of FCV is difficult without specific tests, because the signs are similar to other feline respiratory diseases, especially feline viral rhinotracheitis. (wikipedia.org)
- These samples will then be tested for certain diseases to narrow down what is wrong with the cat. (wikihow.com)
- Causes 40 percent of all respiratory diseases in cats. (revivalanimal.com)
- It provides a pathway for clinicians through this complex field by highlighting the most clinically relevant aspects of a wide range of diseases, and granting them consideration for placement on dog and cat differential lists. (routledge.com)
- This concise reference guide will be an invaluable tool for clinicians as they develop their understanding of, and ability to communicate about, infectious diseases of the dog and cat. (routledge.com)
- The ProVet Logic Spray and Wipe Disinfectant Cleaner and Deodorizer is an easy, fast and effective animal disinfectant spray that kills a wide range of diseases that affect dogs and cats. (revivalanimal.com)
- Caliciviruses cause a wide spectrum of diseases and are a major cause of gastroenteritis in humans ( 7 , 11 , 29 , 30 ). (asm.org)
- Most of these diseases can spread from cat to cat via airborne pathogens or through direct or indirect contact, while others require a vector such as a tick or mosquito. (wikipedia.org)
- Certain infectious diseases are a concern from a public health standpoint because they are a Feline zoonosis and transmittable to human. (wikipedia.org)
- Viral diseases in cats can be serious, especially in catteries and kennels . (wikipedia.org)
- There's no better way to protect your cat from some life threatening infectious diseases than by having it vaccinated. (companioncare.co.uk)
- Drug Therapy for Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat offers a quick and easy guide to treating infectious diseases in dogs and cats. (researchandmarkets.com)
- Drug Therapy for Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat is an ideal user-friendly handbook for effectively and responsibly prescribing drugs to treat infectious disease in canine and feline patients. (researchandmarkets.com)
- Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a virus of the family Caliciviridae that causes disease in cats. (wikipedia.org)
- Although the disease affects cats of all age groups, pets kept at boarding facilities and cats with weak immune systems are more susceptible to it. (vetinfo.com)
- Some symptoms are not specific to this disease, but they show you your cat is sick. (wikihow.com)
- Crandell RA (1988) Isolation and characterization of caliciviruses from dogs with vesicular genital disease. (springer.com)
- Feline calicivirus (pronounced cal-ee-chee virus, also known as FCV), a common viral disease that affects cats , is characterized by upper respiratory symptoms, pneumonia, oral ulceration (sores in the mouth), and occasionally arthritis. (healthcommunities.com)
- Feline calicivirus (FCV) and feline herpesvirus type 1 (FeHV-1) are the main agents of upper respiratory tract disease (URTD) in cats (RADFORD et al. (thefreelibrary.com)
- One of the causes of feline upper respiratory tract disease (cat flu). (vetstream.com)
- The major pro, of course, is that the vaccine may protect your cat against a potentially life-threatening disease. (wboc.com)
- This is because this disease is very common among cats and can be dangerous for them if not detected early. (animalwised.com)
- It is a highly infectious disease that usually affects large groups of cats, because of how easily the virus is transmitted. (animalwised.com)
- Even when they seem to have been cured, affected cats can become healthy carriers, which is where lies the high level of transmission of this disease. (animalwised.com)
- This means that they will not present any symptoms or discomfort, but can transmit the disease to other cats. (animalwised.com)
- Feline Calici Virus (FCAV) is an oral and upper respiratory infectious disease. (dawnsailbio.com)
- Feline calicivirus (FCV) and feline herpesvirus type 1 (FHV-1) are the two primary causes of upper respiratory tract disease in cats . (bvsalud.org)
- It is always a serious disease for cats and can threaten their lives. (vetinfo.com)
- The calicivirus family includes noroviruses and sapoviruses that cause outbreaks of acute gastroenteritis known as winter vomiting disease. (gla.ac.uk)
- The disease may be transmitted from mother to unborn baby, through direct contact between infected cats, as well as by contact with contaminated bowls, bedding, and litter boxes. (dogandcat.com)
- Domestic cats are affected by over 250 naturally occurring hereditary disorders , many of which are similar to those in humans, such as diabetes , hemophilia and Tay-Sachs disease . (wikipedia.org)
- Feline hepatic lipidosis also known as Feline Fatty Liver Syndrome, is one of the most common forms of liver disease of cats. (wikipedia.org)
-  The disease begins when the cat stops eating from a loss of appetite, forcing the liver to convert body fat into usable energy. (wikipedia.org)
- Feline lower urinary tract disease is a term that is used to cover many problems of the feline urinary tract , including stones and cystitis . (wikipedia.org)
- Cats suffering from the disease will experience sudden vomiting and diarrhoea which is often bloody. (companioncare.co.uk)
- The disease can be transmitted from other infected cats by mutual grooming, sharing food and water, bites from infected cats or passed on from a queen to her kittens. (companioncare.co.uk)
- Therefore, a small percentage of cats vaccinated against a particular disease will not be immunized against that disease. (maxshouse.com)
- Pregnant cats can transmit the disease to their kittens whilst they are in the womb. (vcahospitals.com)
- The disease can be fatal, and cats that do survive usually end up with lowered immune systems putting them at risk of other illnesses. (comparethemarket.com)
- Don't vaccinate adult cats for FeLV - even if they have entry to the outdoors - since natural immunity to this disease is very sturdy by the point the cat is ~1 yr of age. (gulfcoastvetspec.com)
- Because this disease is easily transmittable and cats are in relatively close quarters, this immunization is required. (stonemountainpetlodge.com)
- a progressive disease of the domestic cat and other Felidae caused by a coronavirus. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Called also feline granulomatous disease, feline infectious vasculitis. (thefreedictionary.com)
Strains of feline calicivirus1
- There are a large number of different strains of feline calicivirus with varying antigenicity and pathogenicity Feline calicivirus Feline calicivirus (new strains) . (vetstream.com)
- The best way to prevent FCV is to make sure your cat is up-to-date on all its vaccinations and to keep it away from unvaccinated cats. (wikihow.com)
- Regular cat vaccinations offer the best protection against this virus, but just like cat flu there are different strains of the virus out there. (our-happy-cat.com)
- Our young cat, 10-11 months came from a rescue group and she was found as a feral, the rescue people never told me she had calici, even though she has been spayed and had full vaccinations. (catchat.org)
- The best way to stay on schedule with vaccinations for your dog or cat is to follow the recommendations of a veterinarian you trust. (webmd.com)
- For example, your vet may suggest certain non-core vaccinations if your cat or dog is outdoors only or boarded often. (webmd.com)
- Find out how to access vaccinations and veterinary care for dogs, cats and other pets in Singapore. (angloinfo.com)
- What vaccinations does my cat need? (comparethemarket.com)
- The most common form of transmission is through direct contact with nasal and eye discharge of infected cats. (vetinfo.com)
- Results: Oropharyngeal, nasal and conjunctival swabs were collected in 24 veterinary practices from 200 FCV-suspect and 100 healthy cats originating from 19 cantons of Switzerland. (uzh.ch)
- Feline calicivirus can be spread by nasal, oral and conjunctival routes. (animalabs.com)
- 1] Calicivirus usually affects the throat, eyes, nasal cavity and oral cavity in cats although sometimes the lungs, musculoskeletal system, and intestines can also be affected. (cat-world.com)
- To this end, conjunctival and nasal swabs were collected from 302 cats from different locations, including households , breeding catteries, veterinary clinics , animal hospitals and experimental research facilities. (bvsalud.org)
- Feline Calicivirus Vaccine. (cornell.edu)
- 9 CFR 113.314 - Feline Calicivirus Vaccine. (cornell.edu)
- Feline Calicivirus Vaccine shall be prepared from virus-bearing cell culture fluids. (cornell.edu)
- The 20 cats used as vaccinates shall be administered a predetermined quantity of vaccine virus by the method to be recommended on the label and the remaining 10 cats shall be held as controls. (cornell.edu)
- 3) Twenty-one or more days after the final dose of vaccine, the vaccinates and controls shall each be challenged intranasally with a minimum of 100,000 TCID 50 or plaque forming units of virulent feline calicivirus furnished or approved by Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service and observed each day for 14 days postchallenge. (cornell.edu)
- 2003). Mucosal immunization using feline herpesvirus vector containing the capsid gene of FCV failed to improve vaccine efficacy (Yokoyama et al . (vin.com)
- Fortunately, there are ways to protect your cat from the virus, including a vaccine that can be started in kittenhood. (petcarerx.com)
- Thanks to the efforts of Prins and other concerned pet owners and researchers, a new vaccine is available against VS-FCV, a potentially fatal mutation of the feline equivalent of the common cold. (wboc.com)
- As with any vaccine, however, there are pros and cons when it comes to administering it to your cat. (wboc.com)
- While the vaccine will not prevent a cat from contracting FVR, it does decrease how severe the symptoms are and how long they last. (naturalhealthvillage.com)
- This important vaccine should be administered to dogs and cats. (amandafoundation.org)
- Make sure your cat is protected before disaster strikes with this handy vaccine schedule. (petfinder.com)
- In some cases, vaccine virus may be shed from the vaccinated cat to infect other cats that may come in contact with the vaccinated cat. (maxshouse.com)
- In this type of vaccine, a portion of the infectious agent is separated from the rest of the agent and serves to stimulate the immune system of the cat to develop antibodies against the whole virus or agent. (maxshouse.com)
- Feline panleukopenia (FP) vaccine can be given intramuscularly (IM) or subcutaneously (SQ) with equal effect. (maxshouse.com)
- Its seriousness varies from mild to fatal and while the vaccine doesn't guarantee your cat won't get flu, it goes a long way to lowering the severity of it. (comparethemarket.com)
- FCV is commonly diagnosed on the basis of clinical signs, however a definitive diagnosis may be necessary if you wish to breed an affected cat or if the cat is not responding to treatment. (petcarerx.com)
- More commonly, cats experience this severity of symptoms due to common FCV combined with panleukopenia or another respiratory issue. (wboc.com)
- Background: Cats with feline calicivirus (FCV)-related symptoms are commonly presented to veterinary practitioners. (uzh.ch)
- Paws and Whiskers Cat Shelter has temporarily suspended adoptions and intakes of cats and kittens after persistent cases of Feline Calicivirus - commonly known as Calici. (pawsandwhiskers.org)
- Affected cats commonly require supportive treatment as well such as a drip, steam inhalation and nutritional support. (companioncare.co.uk)
- If a pregnant cat is infected with the panleukopenia virus , it will pass to the unborn kittens through the placenta. (naturalhealthvillage.com)
- This loss of appetite along with general malaise and lethargy are two of the most common feline calicivirus symptoms. (pethealthandcare.com)
- Will a new kitten catch calici virus from a young cat? (catchat.org)
- Feline calicivirus (FCV) is an important pathogen of domestic cats and a frequently used model of human caliciviruses. (ox.ac.uk)
- The prototype strain of human caliciviruses is Norwalk virus, which was first described in 1972 associated with an outbreak of gastroenteritis and vomiting involving children and staff at an elementary school in Norwalk, Ohio ( 31 ). (asm.org)
- In persistently infected cats, the gene for the major structural protein of the viral capsid (the outer protein coat of a mature virus) has been shown to evolve through immune-mediated positive selection, which allows the virus to escape detection by the immune system. (wikipedia.org)
- Infected cats usually shed the virus for two weeks. (wikipedia.org)
- Following this period, infected cats never shed the virus again or become latently infected and shed the virus continuously or intermittently. (wikipedia.org)
- The strain of virus that infects pets often determines the severity of calicivirus present. (vetinfo.com)
- The vet will perform a thorough physical examination of the cat and consider the cat's risk of previous exposure to the virus. (vetinfo.com)
- Although feline calicivirus doesn't lead to death if pets are treated with medication, the cat may become a carrier of the virus and shed it during times of stress. (vetinfo.com)
- Your cat may also sneeze, but that isn't quite as common as a runny nose with this particular virus. (wikihow.com)
- This virus can produce muscle and joint pain in your cat, which you may notice if your cat is limping or reacts aggressively to being touched. (wikihow.com)
- It would also be helpful to know if the cat came in contact with another cat who had the virus (such as the cat went outside). (wikihow.com)
- The cats shall be considered suitable for use if all swabs are negative for virus isolation and if all serums are negative for calicivirus antibody at the 1:2 final dilution in a 50 percent plaque reduction test or other SN test of equal sensitivity. (cornell.edu)
- The virus is spreading, even though fewer cats show symptoms. (healthcommunities.com)
- In order to confirm a diagnosis of feline calcivirus , a virus culture test may be necessary. (pethealthandcare.com)
- Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a RNA virus that affects both domestic and exotic cats. (aaha.org)
- Luckily there is a way to prevent your cat from contracting this virus and passing it along to other felines. (petcarerx.com)
- There are at least 40 strains of the virus, and though they vary in severity, any cat can be affected. (petcarerx.com)
- The virus spreads easily in multi-cat environments such as boarding facilities, shelters, breeding catteries, and multi-cat homes. (petcarerx.com)
- That's right -- humans can touch an affected cat and then spread the virus to other cats. (petcarerx.com)
- Most cats carry and shed the virus for 2-3 weeks. (petcarerx.com)
- Some cats will remain carriers for several months while others will carry the virus for life. (petcarerx.com)
- Usually, cats develop symptoms 2 to 6 days after coming into contact with the virus. (petcarerx.com)
- The Calicivirus is associated with the condition known as cat flu, but in its most severe form is a nasty, dangerous virus which can kill your cat. (our-happy-cat.com)
- It is reported that a third of the cat population may be carriers of the virus meaning that it can spread very fast through a community. (our-happy-cat.com)
- RNA purified from virus particles and capped RNA transcripts derived from a full-length cDNA clone are infectious when transfected into feline kidney cells ( 21 , 35 ). (asm.org)
- Cats may shed the virus through their saliva, so a single sneeze could blast other felines with it. (wboc.com)
- Even asymptomatic cats could harbor the virus and then pass it on to others. (wboc.com)
- This is because the calicivirus is an unstable virus, which means it mutates every time it is passed from one cat to the next. (wboc.com)
- The samples were tested for FCV using virus isolation and reverse-transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and for feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1), Mycoplasma felis, Chlamydophila felis, Bordetella bronchiseptica using real-time qPCR. (uzh.ch)
- The replication of the calicivirus RNA genome occurs via a double-stranded RNA intermediate that is then used as a template for the production of new positive sense viral RNA, which is covalently linked to the virus-encoded protein VPg. (peerj.com)
- Virions consist of 1 viral structural protein (major species), or 2 Viral structural proteins (detected in Norwalk virus, amyelosis chronic stunt virus and porcine enteric calicivirus located in the capsid. (wikipedia.org)
- Although the degree of antigenic specificity varies with the degree of relatedness, the antigenicity is distinct from canine caliciviruses, Norwalk virus serogroups of the same genus. (wikipedia.org)
- Furthermore, even cats vaccinated against the virus can get it , given its capability of mutating. (animalwised.com)
- In addition, your cat may sometimes contract this virus chronically, or even become the carrier. (animalwised.com)
- Young cats , animals living on the street, old cats and immunosuppressed cats are more likely to contract the virus. (animalwised.com)
- The maximum cycle of the virus lasts four weeks and most cats recover, although there are healthy carriers and chronic cases. (animalwised.com)
- Approximately 80% of cats stop spreading the virus 75 days after being cured. (animalwised.com)
- Once the cat recovers from calicivirus, he will either stop shedding the virus after two to four weeks or go on to become a chronic carrier and shed the virus from time to time, particularly during stressful periods or when he is sick. (cat-world.com)
- Some cats that recover from FCV become carriers of the virus. (vetsecure.com)
- Fortunately, the virus does not seem to be spreading to the general cat population. (vetsecure.com)
- Cats who spend time outdoors can catch the virus from bites from other animals including other cats, raccoons, skunks or bats. (naturalhealthvillage.com)
- Older kittens and cats that contract the virus will have severe vomiting and diarrhea. (naturalhealthvillage.com)
- CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Yu G, Zhang D, Guo F, Tan M, Jiang X, Jiang W (2013) Cryo-EM structure of a novel calicivirus, Tulane Virus. (wikipedia.org)
- Virus detection was more prevalent in cats that were less than 1 year old, among animals that shared a living space with other cats , and females . (bvsalud.org)
- Feline Panleukopenia is related to what virus? (brainscape.com)
- Jena virus (JV) is a noncultivatable bovine enteric calicivirus associated with diarrhea in calves and was first described in Jena, Germany. (asm.org)
- Pregnant cats with the virus can pass it onto their unborn kittens which can affect their brain development and cause mobility problems once born. (companioncare.co.uk)
- Once a cat has been infected with herpesvirus the virus is rarely cleared from the body. (petplace.com)
Complete nucleotide sequence1
- The complete nucleotide sequence of a feline calicivirus. (microbiologyresearch.org)
- Caliciviruses: Molecular and Cellular Virology. (wikipedia.org)
-  For diagnosis, pay attention to symptoms in your cat, and if you suspect that your cat has been affected, take it to the vet for diagnosis. (wikihow.com)
- In most cases, a diagnosis of calicivirus is based on presenting symptoms. (cat-world.com)
- If you see these symptoms you should get your cat to the vet quickly because early diagnosis is very important for successful treatment. (vetinfo.com)
Discharge from the eyes1
- Calicivirus is spread among cats through respiratory secretions (mucus and droplets from the nose and mouth) and discharge from the eyes. (vetsecure.com)
- 1) If your cat has been exposed to the coronavirus (and remember, there are many strains) in the past, he will have antibodies. (cat-world.com)
- Caused by a coronavirus and is spread by direct cat-to-cat contact or by contact with contaminated surfaces. (revivalanimal.com)
- Read Feline Coronavirus and FIP in Cats for more information. (revivalanimal.com)
- The prevalence is generally broadly proportional to the number of cats in the household. (animalabs.com)
- Treatment by your veterinarian may be necessary, depending on the severity of clinical signs, so when in doubt, a veterinary exam is a must, and always recommended anyway when dealing with a new cat in your home. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- Veterinarian Kate Hurley, an assistant clinical professor at California's UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, studies all forms of the calicivirus. (wboc.com)
- Any new kitten or cat being introduced into the home should be examined by a veterinarian as soon as possible and separated from all other household pets for a quarantine period of at least a few weeks. (vetsecure.com)
- If you notice that your cat is not improving, consult your veterinarian. (petplace.com)
- However, if your cat has other symptoms such as discharge from the nose and eyes, the presence of blood or mucus in the nose, decreased activity or loss of appetite, have your cat examined by your veterinarian. (pethealthnetwork.com)
- This structure was reported in "The cryo-electron microscopy structure of feline calicivirus bound to junctional adhesion molecule A at 9-angstrom resolution reveals receptor-induced flexibility and two distinct conformational changes in the capsid protein VP1" Bhella D, Goodfellow IG. (shapeways.com)
- Western blot: detection of feline Calicivirus (FCV) capsid protein (62 kD) using NCL-1G9. (leicabiosystems.com)
- The capsid protein (ORF 2) at 519 amino acids is smaller than that of all other caliciviruses. (asm.org)
- ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to perform the molecular characterization of conserved and variable regions of feline calicivirus capsid genome in order to investigate the molecular diversity of variants in Brazilian cat population . (bvsalud.org)
Pathogen of cats2
- Clinical signs in cats infected with FCV may develop acutely, chronically, or not at all. (wikipedia.org)
- Phylogenetic analysis based on both conserved and variable region revealed two clusters with an aLTR value of 1.00 and 0.98 respectively and the variants from this study belong to feline calicivirus genogroup I. No association between geographical distribution and/or clinical signs and clustering in phylogenetic tree was observed. (scielo.br)
- Active immunisation of cats aged 8 weeks and older against: - Feline viral rhinotracheitis to reduce clinical signs. (viovet.co.uk)
- Feline panleucopenia to prevent mortality and clinical signs. (viovet.co.uk)
- Since the type of symptom exhibited differs in individual pets, some cats may suffer from runny nose and mild fever. (vetinfo.com)
- For instance, low energy, fever, and not eating can all be signs your cat is sick. (wikihow.com)
- The virulent and non-virulent forms of calicivirus can both begin with the same symptoms -- including the aforementioned oral ulceration, limping and fever. (wboc.com)
- Pay attention to other signs your cat is sick. (wikihow.com)
- What Are the Signs of Calicivirus? (vetsecure.com)
- Cats will present with upper respiratory signs, but as the calicivirus is more injurious, it also attacks other areas of the body. (naturalhealthvillage.com)
- Be alert for signs that your cat has a problem with its eyes. (wikihow.com)
- With FHV, a bit like cold sores in people, even after the initial signs subside, most cats will remain permanently infected and some will develop flare ups later on especially when their immune system is low. (companioncare.co.uk)
- Burroughs JN, Brown F (1978) Presence of a covalently linked protein on calicivirus RNA. (springer.com)
- The N-terminal sequence of the 15.5-kDa protein corresponded to amino acids 961-980 of the FCV ORF1 polyprotein and mapped to the genomic location of the calicivirus VPg. (nih.gov)
- The caliciviruses have certain features in common with picornaviruses (relatedness in nonstructural protein motifs and similarities in infected-cell morphology) and alphaviruses (the presence of a subgenomic RNA for translation of the structural proteins) ( 7 , 29 , 30 ). (asm.org)
- This work provides the first direct experimental characterization of the linkage of infectious calicivirus viral RNA to the VPg protein and highlights that post-translational modifications of VPg may also occur during the viral life cycle. (peerj.com)
- FCV is the only calicivirus for which a protein cellular receptor has been identified - junctional adhesion molecule A (JAM-A). (gla.ac.uk)