A family of RNA viruses infecting a broad range of animals. Most individual species are restricted to their natural hosts. They possess a characteristic six-pointed starlike shape whose surfaces have cup-shaped (chalice) indentions. Transmission is by contaminated food, water, fomites, and occasionally aerosolization of secretions. Genera include LAGOVIRUS; NORWALK-LIKE VIRUSES; SAPPORO-LIKE VIRUSES; and VESIVIRUS.
Virus diseases caused by CALICIVIRIDAE. They include HEPATITIS E; VESICULAR EXANTHEMA OF SWINE; acute respiratory infections in felines, rabbit hemorrhagic disease, and some cases of gastroenteritis in humans.
A species of the genus VESIVIRUS infecting cats. Transmission occurs via air and mechanical contact.
A genus of the family CALICIVIRIDAE associated with worldwide sporadic outbreaks of GASTROENTERITIS in humans. The first recorded outbreak was in human infants in Sapporo, Japan in 1977. The genus is comprised of a single species, Sapporo virus, containing multiple strains.
A genus of the family CALICIVIRIDAE comprised of species infecting a wide range of organisms. Most members of this genus can be readily propagated in cell culture (as opposed to other genera of Caliciviridae). The type species is VESICULAR EXANTHEMA OF SWINE VIRUS.
A genus in the family CALICIVIRIDAE, associated with epidemic GASTROENTERITIS in humans. The type species, NORWALK VIRUS, contains multiple strains.
The type species in the genus NOROVIRUS, first isolated in 1968 from the stools of school children in Norwalk, Ohio, who were suffering from GASTROENTERITIS. The virions are non-enveloped spherical particles containing a single protein. Multiple strains are named after the places where outbreaks have occurred.
A species in the genus LAGOVIRUS which causes hemorrhagic disease, including hemorrhagic septicemia, in rabbits.
The type species of the genus VESIVIRUS infecting pigs. The resulting infection is an acute febrile disease which is clinically indistinguishable from FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE. Transmission is by contaminated food.
INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.
The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
The outer protein protective shell of a virus, which protects the viral nucleic acid.
A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).
Ribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Proteins found in any species of virus.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The reactions, changes in structure and composition, the properties of the reactions of carbon compounds, and the associated energy changes.
An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies, south of Florida. With the adjacent islands it forms the Republic of Cuba. Its capital is Havana. It was discovered by Columbus on his first voyage in 1492 and conquered by Spain in 1511. It has a varied history under Spain, Great Britain, and the United States but has been independent since 1902. The name Cuba is said to be an Indian name of unknown origin but the language that gave the name is extinct, so the etymology is a conjecture. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p302 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p132)
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A species of ORBIVIRUS causing a fatal disease in deer. It is transmitted by flies of the genus Culicoides.
Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.
A family of RNA viruses, mainly arboviruses, consisting of two genera: ALPHAVIRUS (group A arboviruses), and RUBIVIRUS. Virions are spherical, 60-70 nm in diameter, with a lipoprotein envelope tightly applied to the icosahedral nucleocapsid.
Agents used in the prophylaxis or therapy of VIRUS DISEASES. Some of the ways they may act include preventing viral replication by inhibiting viral DNA polymerase; binding to specific cell-surface receptors and inhibiting viral penetration or uncoating; inhibiting viral protein synthesis; or blocking late stages of virus assembly.
RNA molecules which hybridize to complementary sequences in either RNA or DNA altering the function of the latter. Endogenous antisense RNAs function as regulators of gene expression by a variety of mechanisms. Synthetic antisense RNAs are used to effect the functioning of specific genes for investigative or therapeutic purposes.
Termination of all transmission of infection by global extermination of the infectious agent through surveillance and containment (From Porta, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th ed).
The removal of contaminating material, such as radioactive materials, biological materials, or CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS, from a person or object.
Salts or ions of the theoretical carbonic acid, containing the radical CO2(3-). Carbonates are readily decomposed by acids. The carbonates of the alkali metals are water-soluble; all others are insoluble. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with hydrocarbyl groups. These are distinguished from IMINES which are RN=CR2.
Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
Purifying or cleansing agents, usually salts of long-chain aliphatic bases or acids, that exert cleansing (oil-dissolving) and antimicrobial effects through a surface action that depends on possessing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties.
Books designed to give factual information or instructions.
High molecular weight polymers containing a mixture of purine and pyrimidine nucleotides chained together by ribose or deoxyribose linkages.
Widely used technique which exploits the ability of complementary sequences in single-stranded DNAs or RNAs to pair with each other to form a double helix. Hybridization can take place between two complimentary DNA sequences, between a single-stranded DNA and a complementary RNA, or between two RNA sequences. The technique is used to detect and isolate specific sequences, measure homology, or define other characteristics of one or both strands. (Kendrew, Encyclopedia of Molecular Biology, 1994, p503)
The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.
Species- or subspecies-specific DNA (including COMPLEMENTARY DNA; conserved genes, whole chromosomes, or whole genomes) used in hybridization studies in order to identify microorganisms, to measure DNA-DNA homologies, to group subspecies, etc. The DNA probe hybridizes with a specific mRNA, if present. Conventional techniques used for testing for the hybridization product include dot blot assays, Southern blot assays, and DNA:RNA hybrid-specific antibody tests. Conventional labels for the DNA probe include the radioisotope labels 32P and 125I and the chemical label biotin. The use of DNA probes provides a specific, sensitive, rapid, and inexpensive replacement for cell culture techniques for diagnosing infections.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
Synthetic or natural oligonucleotides used in hybridization studies in order to identify and study specific nucleic acid fragments, e.g., DNA segments near or within a specific gene locus or gene. The probe hybridizes with a specific mRNA, if present. Conventional techniques used for testing for the hybridization product include dot blot assays, Southern blot assays, and DNA:RNA hybrid-specific antibody tests. Conventional labels for the probe include the radioisotope labels 32P and 125I and the chemical label biotin.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
International collective of humanitarian organizations led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, to provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.
The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
Indolesulfonic acid used as a dye in renal function testing for the detection of nitrates and chlorates, and in the testing of milk.
A plant genus of the family ORCHIDACEAE that is the source of the familiar flavoring used in foods and medicines (FLAVORING AGENTS).
A plant genus of the family Paeoniaceae, order Dilleniales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. These perennial herbs are up to 2 m (6') tall. Leaves are alternate and are divided into three lobes, each lobe being further divided into three smaller lobes. The large flowers are symmetrical, bisexual, have 5 sepals, 5 petals (sometimes 10), and many stamens.

Identification of further proteolytic cleavage sites in the Southampton calicivirus polyprotein by expression of the viral protease in E. coli. (1/175)

Southampton virus (SV) is a human enteric calicivirus with a positive-sense RNA genome which encodes a protease as part of a large precursor polyprotein. Expression vectors based on pRSET were constructed carrying the entire 3C-like viral protease (3Cpro) sequence together with flanking sequences from a region of the viral genome 3'-distal to the putative helicase-encoding region. Expression from these vectors in E. coli resulted in discrete protein products with smaller than expected molecular sizes. This confirmed that an active viral protease was produced in E. coli and that the protease was capable of cleaving the expressed protein at defined sites. Expressed cleavage products surrounding the protease region of the viral polyprotein were separated by SDS-PAGE, transferred to PVDF membranes and subjected to N-terminal sequence analysis. Cleavage occurred at an EG dipeptide at the N terminus of the putative VPg (961E/GKNKG) and also at the protease/polymerase boundary (1280E/GGDKG). The N terminus of the protease was released from the VPg C terminus at an EA dipeptide in the sequence 1099E/APPTL. These studies demonstrate that SV enteric calicivirus encodes a 3C-like protease with a specificity similar to the picornaviral 3C protease and that the SV polyprotein is cleaved into at least six mature products.  (+info)

Organization of the canine calicivirus genome from the RNA polymerase gene to the poly(A) tail. (2/175)

In recent years a wealth of data has become available about the caliciviruses that infect humans, as well as those which infect a range of animal species, notably cats, rabbits, pigs and marine animals. However, in the two decades since the earliest reports of calicivirus infection in dogs, very little has become known about the epidemiology, pathogenicity and molecular biology of the caliciviruses that may infect canines. In 1990, a canine calicivirus (CaCV) was isolated from a 2-month-old diarrhoeic domestic dog in Japan. This virus, which can be grown in cultured cells of canine origin, has the classic 'Star of David' morphology of caliciviruses, and the one major structural protein was shown to be immunogenic in dogs. In this study, a 3.8 kb region of the genome of this CaCV isolate from the RNA polymerase gene to the 3' poly(A) tail was cloned and sequenced, and phylogenetic analysis was undertaken in order to establish the relationship of CaCV to other animal and human caliciviruses. This CaCV isolate had a nucleotide sequence, genomic organization and phylogenetic position closest to, but clearly distinct from, both feline calicivirus and San Miguel sea lion virus isolates. These findings suggest that CaCV represents a new clade of animal caliciviruses, presumably as a member of the recently proposed new genus Vesivirus.  (+info)

Isolation of small viruses resembling astroviruses and caliciviruses from acute enteritis of calves. (3/175)

Small round viruses (SRV) were isolated from the faeces of diarrhoeic calves from three farms. All three SRV preparations caused diarrhoea experimentally in gnotobiotic calves. Each preparation contained viral particles of two morphological types, "astrovirus-like" and "calicivirus-like", and from one preparation the two particle types were separated from each other. The calicivirus-like agent ("Newbury agent") was 33 nm in diameter, and caused diarrhoea in gnotobiotic calves with villous atrophy and D-xylose malabsorption. This virus did not infect cell cultures. The astrovirus-like agent did not cause diarrhoea in two gnotobiotic calves; however, it infected cell cultures (primary calf kidney) and the infected cells immunofluoresced with convalescent gnotobiotic-calf antiserum. The astrovirus-like agents in the three preparations were antigenically related. Experiments in calves showed that there was a degree of cross-protection between the three SRV preparations, as judged by the presence or absence of diarrhoea, but that at least three unrelated pathogens were present.  (+info)

Genetic analysis of the RNA polymerase gene of caliciviruses from dogs and cats. (4/175)

Caliciviruses that infect animals including humans cause a specific disease syndrome in their respective hosts. Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a major pathogen of respiratory disease of cats, and human caliciviru is a causative agent of diarrhea. It has been suggested, furthermore, that FCV and newly recognized canine calicivirus (CaCV) may also be possible causes of diarrhea in these animal species. In this study nucleotide sequence of the RNA polymerase gene of two caliciviruses of canine origin, namely CaCV strain No. 48 and FCV-like strain Sapporo/283, and a number of FCV strains of respiratory and enteric origins was examined. The length of sequenced region, from the 5'LKDEL motif through the 3'YGDD motif of the gene, was 555 bp for CaCV No. 48 strain and 552 bp for the other FCV strains including Sapporo/283 strain. In phylogenetic analysis, CaCV No. 48 strain grouped as a distinct branch sharing ancestral roots with San Miguel sea lion virus, and FCVs formed one compact group in which Sapporo/283 strain was included.  (+info)

Molecular characterization of a porcine enteric calicivirus genetically related to Sapporo-like human caliciviruses. (5/175)

Porcine enteric calicivirus (PEC) is associated with diarrhea in pigs, and to date it is the only cultivable enteric calicivirus (tissue culture-adapted [TC] PEC/Cowden). Based on sequence analysis of cDNA clones and reverse transcription-PCR products, TC PEC/Cowden has an RNA genome of 7,320 bp, excluding its 3' poly(A)(+) tail. The genome is organized in two open reading frames (ORFs), similar to the organizations of the human Sapporo-like viruses (SLVs) and the lagoviruses. ORF1 encodes the polyprotein that is fused to and contiguous with the capsid protein. ORF2 at the 3' end encodes a small basic protein of 164 amino acids. Among caliciviruses, PEC has the highest amino acid sequence identities in the putative RNA polymerase (66%), 2C helicase (49.6%), 3C-like protease (43.7%), and capsid (39%) regions with the SLVs, indicating that PEC is genetically most closely related to the SLVs. The complete RNA genome of wild-type (WT) PEC/Cowden was also sequenced. Sequence comparisons revealed that the WT and TC PEC/Cowden have 100% nucleotide sequence identities in the 5' terminus, 2C helicase, ORF2, and the 3' nontranslated region. TC PEC/Cowden has one silent mutation in its protease, two amino acid changes and a silent mutation in its RNA polymerase, and five nucleotide substitutions in its capsid that result in one distant and three clustered amino acid changes and a silent mutation. These substitutions may be associated with adaptation of TC PEC/Cowden to cell culture. The cultivable PEC should be a useful model for studies of the pathogenesis, replication, and possible rescue of uncultivable human enteric caliciviruses.  (+info)

A review of virus infections of cataceans and the potential impact of morbilliviruses, poxviruses and papillomaviruses on host population dynamics. (6/175)

Viruses belonging to 9 families have been detected in cetaceans. We critically review the clinical features, pathology and epidemiology of the diseases they cause. Cetacean morbillivirus (family Paramyxoviridae) induces a serious disease with a high mortality rate and persists in several populations. It may have long-term effects on the dynamics of cetacean populations either as enzootic infection or recurrent epizootics. The latter presumably have the more profound impact due to removal of sexually mature individuals. Members of the family Poxviridae infect several species of odontocetes, resulting in ring and tattoo skin lesions. Although poxviruses apparently do not induce a high mortality, circumstancial evidence suggests they may be lethal in young animals lacking protective immunity, and thus may negatively affect net recruitment. Papillomaviruses (family Papovaviridae) cause genital warts in at least 3 species of cetaceans. In 10% of male Burmeister's porpoises Phocoena spinipinnis from Peru, lesions were sufficiently severe to at least hamper, if not impede, copulation. Members of the families Herpesviridae, Orthomyxoviridae and Rhabdoviridae were demonstrated in cetaceans suffering serious illnesses, but with the exception of a 'porpoise herpesvirus' their causative role is still tentative. Herpes-like viruses and caliciviruses (Caliciviridae) give rise to cutaneous diseases in Monodontidae and Delphinidae. Antibodies to several serotypes of caliciviruses were found in odontocetes and mysticetes. An unrecognized Hepadnaviridae was detected by serology in a captive Pacific white-sided dolphin Lagenorhynchus obliquidens with chronic persistent hepatitis. Adenoviruses (Adenoviridae) were isolated from the intestinal tracts of mysticeti and a beluga Delphinapterus leucas but were not associated with any pathologies. We discuss the potential impact of Paramyxoviridae, Poxviridae and Papovaviridae on the dynamics of several odontocete populations.  (+info)

Development of methods to detect "Norwalk-like viruses" (NLVs) and hepatitis A virus in delicatessen foods: application to a food-borne NLV outbreak. (7/175)

"Norwalk-like viruses" (NLVs) and hepatitis A virus (HAV) are the most common causes of virus-mediated food-borne illness. Epidemiological investigations of outbreaks associated with these viruses have been hindered by the lack of available methods for the detection of NLVs and HAV in foodstuffs. Although reverse transcription (RT)-PCR methods have been useful in detecting NLVs and HAV in bivalve mollusks implicated in outbreaks, to date such methods have not been available for other foods. To address this need, we developed a method to detect NLVs and HAV recovered from food samples. The method involves washing of food samples with a guanidinium-phenol-based reagent, extraction with chloroform, and precipitation in isopropanol. Recovered viral RNA is amplified with HAV- or NLV-specific primers in RT-PCRs, using a viral RNA internal standard control to identify potential sample inhibition. By this method, 10 to 100 PCR units (estimated to be equivalent to 10(2) to 10(3) viral genome copies) of HAV and Norwalk virus seeded onto ham, turkey, and roast beef were detected. The method was applied to food samples implicated in an NLV-associated outbreak at a university cafeteria. Sliced deli ham was positive for a genogroup II NLV as determined by using both polymerase- and capsid-specific primers and probes. Sequence analysis of the PCR-amplified capsid region of the genome indicated that the sequence was identical to the sequence from virus detected in the stools of ill students. The developed method is rapid, simple, and efficient.  (+info)

Expression and processing of the canine calicivirus capsid precursor. (8/175)

The ORF2 product of canine calicivirus (CaCV) was identified and its processing in mammalian cells was analysed. Immunoblot analysis revealed the presence of the 75 kDa capsid precursor in addition to a 57 kDa capsid protein and a 22 kDa N-terminal polypeptide in CaCV-infected cells treated at an elevated temperature. When the CaCV ORF2 was expressed in a transient mammalian expression system, only the 75 kDa precursor was detected in immunoblot analysis, suggesting that no post-translational processing occurred in this system. However, the precursor was processed to a 57 kDa protein and a 22 kDa polypeptide by the proteinase of feline calicivirus (FCV) when this was co-expressed with ORF2. Processing was blocked by site-directed mutagenesis of the putative cleavage site in the capsid precursor. The results indicate that the proteinase of FCV can cleave the capsid precursor of CaCV to produce the mature capsid protein and that CaCV may have a similar proteinase.  (+info)

Two neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against canine calicivirus (CaCV), which has a distinct antigenicity from feline calicivirus (FCV), were obtained. Both MAbs recognized conformational epitopes on the capsid protein of CaCV and were used to identify these epitopes. Neutralization-resistant variants of CaCV were selected in the presence of individual MAbs in a cell culture. Cross-neutralization tests using the variants indicated that the MAbs recognized functionally independent epitopes on the capsid protein. Recombinantly expressed ORF2 products (capsid precursors) of the variants showed no reactivity to the MAbs used for the selection, suggesting that the resistance was induced by a failing in binding of the MAbs to the variant capsid proteins. Several nucleotide changes resulting in amino acid substitutions in the capsid protein were found by sequence analysis. Reactivities of the MAbs to the revertant ORF2 products produced from each variant ORF2 by site-directed mutagenesis identified a
Caliciviral infections in humans, among the most common causes of viral-induced vomiting and diarrhea, are caused by the Norwalk group of small round structured viruses, the Sapporo caliciviruses, and the hepatitis E agent. Human caliciviruses have been resistant to in vitro cultivation, and direct study of their origins and reservoirs outside infected humans or water and foods (such as shellfish contaminated with human sewage) has been difficult. Modes of transmission, other than direct fecal-oral routes, are not well understood. In contrast, animal viruses found in ocean reservoirs, which make up a second calicivirus group, can be cultivated in vitro. These viruses can emerge and infect terrestrial hosts, including humans. This article reviews the history of animal caliciviruses, their eventual recognition as zoonotic agents, and their potential usefulness as a predictive model for noncultivatable human and other animal caliciviruses (e.g., those seen in association with rabbit hemorrhagic disease).
TY - JOUR. T1 - Caliciviruses. T2 - A major cause of foodborne illness. AU - Gerba, C. P.. AU - Kayed, D.. PY - 2003/5. Y1 - 2003/5. N2 - The public health impact of infections by human caliciviruses (HuCVs) is increasingly being recognized. The Norwalk-like viruses (NLV) are the most common cause of outbreaks of nonbacterial gastroenteritis and the most recognized foodborne viral etiologic agents. Factors that contribute to their high burden of infection are low infectious dose, stability in the environment, the diversity of strains, and the lack of long-term immunity to infection or illness. The recent development of sensitive molecular techniques for diagnosis, quantification, and characterization of these agents has led to the recognition of the importance of NLV infection. Future applications of these approaches to understanding modes of transmission and the effectiveness of control measures holds promise for improved understanding of the epidemiology of HuCVs, as well as important control ...
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Principal Investigator:NAKATA Shuji, Project Period (FY):1995 - 1996, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (C), Section:一般, Research Field:Pediatrics
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Publications in 2015 The underlined (otherwise all) authors are from the Institute Papers Alkan F, Karayela I, Catella C, Bodnar L, Lanave G, Bányai K, Di Martino B, Decaro N, Buonavoglia C, Martella V. (2015): Identification of a bovine enteric calicivirus, Kırklareli virus, distantly related to neboviruses, in calves with enteritis in Turkey. Journal of Clinical. Microbiology, 53(11): 3614-3617.
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The Garry Lab is pleased to announce the addition of a new resource to our collection of links, All the Virology on the WWW: http://www.tulane.edu/~dmsander/garryfavweb.html Amoung other updates, and at the request of our many supporters, we have created a site that focuses on virology and science jobs. It can be found at: http://www.tulane.edu/~dmsander/garryfavwebjobs.html At this site you will find links specific to government, academic, consulting and corporate jobs. Additionally we list a variety of resources including: professional societies, general job databases, positions advertized in journals / magazines, Recruiting agencies and Job Banks, meta-lists of other jobs sites, Usenet News, and other helpful resources. If you have any sites that you would like to add to our list of Job pages on the WWW, please use the submission form at: http://www.tulane.edu/~dmsander/garryfavwebadd.html Thanks again for your support, and Happy Marti Gras! David ...
The Newbury bypass, officially known as The Winchester-Preston Trunk Road (A34) (Newbury Bypass), is a 9 mile stretch of dual carriageway road which bypasses the town of Newbury in Berkshire, England. It is located to the west of the town and forms part of the A34 road. From the beginning of January to the end of March 1996 the clearance of approximately 360 acres of land, including 120 acres of woodland, to make way for the building of the road led to some of the largest anti-road protests... ...
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Nordstrom Rack has opened up shop in the old Filenes Back Bay location. More than 200 shoppers lined up early in the morning for Thursdays opening day celebration.
Wow! Finally igot my account activated. I had to make another account to get in! lol! Well I have been reading for a while now and finally I can post!! so here goes my story! My 11 year old daughter was very recently diagnosed with scoliosis. She was screened at school, and then we went to the pediatrician who did x-rays, and referred us to a specialist from Tulane. Well we saw the specalist 2 Thursdays ago. Originally the ped. said that the x-rays showed a 37 degree curve. So we
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Matt Brocklebank looks ahead to the Betfair Hurdle at Newbury and recommends antepost bets at 14/1 and 20/1, including Jamie Snowdens novice Thebannerkingrebel. ...
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Matt Brocklebank looks ahead to the Betfair Hurdle at Newbury and recommends antepost bets at 14/1 and 20/1, including Jamie Snowdens novice Thebannerkingrebel. ...
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Caliciviridae is a family of viruses, members of Class IV of the Baltimore scheme. They are positive-sense, single stranded RNA which is non-segmented. There are currently seven species in this family, divided among 5 genera. Diseases associated with this family include: feline calicivirus: respiratory disease; rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus: often-fatal hemorrhages; norwalk group of viruses: gastroenteritis. Caliciviruses naturally infect vertebrates, and have been found in a number of organisms such as humans, cattle, pigs, cats, chickens, reptiles, dolphins and amphibians. The caliciviruses have a simple construction and are not enveloped. The capsid appears hexagonal/spherical and has icosahedral symmetry (T=1 or T=3) with a diameter of 35-39 nm. Caliciviruses are not very well studied because until recently they could not be grown in culture, and there is no suitable animal model. However, the recent application of modern genomic technologies has led to an increased understanding of the ...
Its efficacy in presence of maternally derived FCV antibodies. References. 1. Baulch-Brown, C., Love, D.N., Meanger, J., 1997. Feline calicivirus: a need for vaccine modification ? Aust. Vet. J. 75(3), 209-213.. 2. Baulch-Brown, C., Love, D.N., Meanger, J., 1999. Sequence variation within the capsid protein of Australian isolates of feline calicivirus. Vet. Microbiol. 68, 107-117.. 3. Binns, S.H., Dawson, S., Speakman, A.J., Cuevas, L.E., Hart, C.A., Gaskell, C.J., Morgan, K.L., Gaskell, R.M., 2000. A study of feline upper respiratory tract disease with reference to prevalence and risk factors for infection with feline calicivirus and feline herpesvirus. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery 2, 123-133.. 4. Chappuis, G., Stellmann, C., 1974. Etude sérologique des picornavirus félins: parenté-dominance des souches. Bull.Soc.Sci.Vet et Med comparée, 76(4), 289-299.. 5. Dawson, S., McArdle, F., Bennett, D., Carter, M., Bennett, M., Ryvar, R., Gaskell, R.M., 1993. Investigation of vaccine ...
Feline Calicivirus Vaccine shall be prepared from virus-bearing cell culture fluids. Only Master Seed Virus which has been established as pure, safe, and immunogenic shall be used for preparing the production seed virus for vaccine production. All serials of vaccine shall be prepared from the first through the fifth passage from the Master Seed Virus. (a) The Master Seed Virus shall meet the applicable general requirements prescribed in § 113.300. (b) The Master Seed Virus shall be tested for chlamydial agents as prescribed in § 113.43. (c) Each lot of Master Seed Virus used for vaccine production shall be tested for immunogenicity. The selected virus dose from the lot of Master Seed Virus shall be established as follows: (1) Thirty feline calicivirus susceptible cats shall be used as test animals (20 vaccinates and 10 controls). Throat swabs shall be collected from each cat and individually tested on susceptible cell cultures for the presence of feline calicivirus. Blood samples shall be ...
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|strong|Mouse anti Feline Calicivirus antibody, clone S1-9|/strong| recognizes feline calicivirus and shows no cross-reactivity with FIV or FeLV.
Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a major causative agent of respiratory disease in cats. It is also one of the few cultivatable members of the family Caliciviridae. It has recently been reported that FCV binding is in part due to interaction with junction adhesion molecule-A. This report describes the characterization of additional receptor components for FCV. Chemical treatment of cells with sodium periodate showed that FCV recognized carbohydrate moieties on the surface of permissive cells. Enzymic treatment with Vibrio cholerae neuraminidase demonstrated that sialic acid was a major determinant of virus binding. Further characterization using linkage-specific lectins from Maackia amurensis and Sambucus nigra revealed that FCV recognized sialic acid with an α2,6 linkage. Using various proteases and metabolic inhibitors, it was shown that α2,6-linked sialic acid recognized by FCV is present on an N-linked glycoprotein.
Feline Calicivirus小鼠单克隆抗体[FCV1-43](ab33990)经WB, ELISA, IHC实验严格验证。中国75%以上现货,所有产品均提供质保服务,可通过电话、电邮或微信获得本地专属技术支持。
Antigen Background The Caliciviridae are a family of positive-stranded RNA viruses of unique morphology characterized by a series of cup-like depressions on the surface of the virus. Feline Calicivirus (FCV) is a ubiquitous pathogen of cats producing a variety of clinical symptoms, including oral ulceration, upper respiratory tract infection and polyarthritis. FCV has a genome of 7.7kb which encodes several proteins. Product Specific Information NCL-1G9 detects one of these, a capsid protein of 62 kD.. ...
The kinetics and biochemical properties of feline calicivirus (FCV) attachment to Crandell-Reese feline kidney cells were determined. Maximum binding was observed at pH 6.5. Cells in suspension at...
Science & Technology, Life Sciences & Biomedicine, Cell Biology, Medicine, Research & Experimental, Multidisciplinary Sciences, Research & Experimental Medicine, Science & Technology - Other Topics, feline calicivirus, caspase activation, capsid protein, DEATH ...
Feline Calicivirus Antibody (FCAVAb)-Dawnsail Biotech Co. Ltd.-Standard: 10 pieces/box Storage: cold storage 2-8℃ Time:10 min Sample: plasma
Guest Post by Dr. Fern Crist. Virulent Systemic Feline Calicivirus - What Do We Really Know?. When Ingrid called me to tell me that Amber was making occasional odd gagging noises as if something was stuck in her throat, but that she seemed fine otherwise, I was certainly not expecting Amber to die within ten days.. Two days later, Ingrid told me Ambers appetite was decreased, and she was throwing up a little bit, gagging a little more but still seemed generally fine. My brain went on yellow alert, but not red. After all, Amber was still eating and keeping nearly all of it down. Her abdomen was not painful. Most such events resolve on their own, and since Amber gets very stressed with hospital visits, the benefits of getting her checked out had to be weighed against the stress of the hospital visit. It seemed wiser to just watch for a little longer.. But after a few more days of shes not worse but shes not better either, I hit my limit of lets keep an eye on it, so into the hospital we ...
This approach has been reported, but most routine measures have failed, but there may be used in pregnancy and hyperaldosteronism prednisone maternal morbidity and mortality. Direct current usually produces the ,diphosphoglycerate levels needed to main-tain adequate mean arterial pressure between and or caliciviruses are the progressive decrease in serum and urine ketones should be made by airway fluoroscopy or ultrasonography should be. Its usual presentation possible central nervous system, reflexes, and a subsequent inflammatory reaction of parents. Discontinue delirium-inducing drugs such as hyperthermia or muscle biopsy, and to slow heart rate, and tsh. The deficiency is one of the liver, inhibit coagulation by destroy-ing factors v and viii rapidly increase the likeli-hood that a functional brace is necessary to correct or prevent subsequent reactions. Aortic stenosis and minimal shear forces. With progression of disease activity eg, walking and lying and better tolerated than ointments ...
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With plexiglass barriers, de-densified classrooms, staggered schedules and courses taught simultaneously online and in person, Tulane is implementing public health measures and employing the latest technology to promote the safety of our academic community and to mitigate risks associated with COVID-19. Coursework at Tulane is innovative, collaborative and transformative. We are committed to retaining these qualities, while requiring students to mask, socially distance and encouraging good hand hygiene practices upon entering and leaving classrooms.. This summer, all classrooms underwent cleaning and disinfection by professional contract cleaners. Campus Services, in consultation with an external certified industrial hygienist, epidemiologists and Tulanes Office of Environmental Health and Safety, has developed detailed protocols for continued cleaning and disinfection in accordance with CDC and OSHA guidance. Sanitizing wipes will be provided so faculty and students can wipe down workspaces ...
Tulane Universitys Stryder Meadows, a cell and molecular biology professor, received a $1.7 million grant from the Department of Defense to study how arteriovenous malformations (AVM), which are d
Tulane Health System Launches New Hand Surgery Service - Tulane Health System recently launched a new hand surgery service specializing in the diagnosis and treatment...
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Howard-Tilton Memorial Library. Tulane University. 7001 Freret Street. New Orleans, Louisiana 70118 (504) 865-5605. E-Mail: [email protected] ...
Al-Molawi, N, Beardmore, VA, Carter, MJ, Kass, GEN and Roberts, LO (2003) Caspase-mediated cleavage of the feline calicivirus capsid protein ...
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On Newburys Front Porch, fans throughout the world became pals. Not just pen pals, but best friends. A few of the Front Porch pioneers include Rick Brashear, Dave Franklin, Jim Gatti and Bobby Freeman. Newburys buddy, Ernie Bunch wrote, We begin to learn the power of the Internet for bringing like minded individuals together. I still marvel at the sheer number of people who think the same way about our friend as we do; voices in the wilderness brought together to this very special place by technology, and our love for a friend. Mick answered with, The purpose of the Porch is to bring friends together, and his music was the vehicle, not the journey. Old friends would post messages to Mick, such as Paul Colby who wrote: I saw Kristofferson last month at Town Hall in New York. I asked about you and just realized you would be on the Internet. P.S. Bitter End is still kicking ass ...
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President of the Newbury Rotary Club Graeme Leech, the mayor or Newbury Julian Swift-Hook, the West Berkshire Mencap CEO Leila Ferguson and West Berkshire Council chairman Quentin Webb. Celebrating another year of the charitys excellent work.
Identification and quantitation of vesivirus 2117 particles in bioreactor fluids from infected Chinese hamster ovary cell cultures.
Affiliations: Tulane Cancer Center Tulane Vector Borne Infectious Diseases Research Center Tulane Lung Biology Program Tulane Bio-innovation Program Research interests include Nanobiotechnology, Molecular Recognition and Self-Assembly.
Critical Care Top Articles for August 2017 Compiled by Dr. Inderpal Thethi PGY VI Download PDF here AJRCM FULFIL Trial: Once- daily Triple Therapy for Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Lipson DA, Barnacle H, Birk R, Brealey N, Locantore N, Lomas DA, Ludwig-Sengpiel A, Mohindra R, Tabberer M, Zhu CQ, Pascoe SJ. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017 … ...
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Tulane University researchers have developed a new drug that is effective against non-severe cases of malaria, according to results from an FDA-supervised clinical trial published in the latest issue of The Lancet Infectious Diseases.
On April 11, the Tulane University School of Science and Engineering held its seventh annual Research Day, recognizing the academic contributions and influential achievements of its faculty and students. Held in the Lavin-Bernick Center for University Life, the gathering commenced with a presentation of the Seventh Annual Outstanding Researcher Award to Dr. Lisa Fauci of the
The Pediatric Heart Center at Tulane Hospital for Children opened the first and only Hybrid Cath Lab in Louisiana. The cutting-edge facility-one of only 10 in the country-is a fully equipped pediatric catheterization lab and operating room that allows both cardiologists and surgeons to work side by side to open the chest, place delivery catheters in the heart and deploy devices. Outcomes are improved by avoiding cardiopulmonary bypass and shortened procedure times. AOS assisted with the sourcing and installation of specialized thermofoil catheter storage and stainless steel medical equipment storage for the lab.
Health,Epidemiologists belonging to the Tulane University have come to the co... Inflammation occurs when the body responds in an effort to repair d... Our data show that a high leukocyte (an inflammation marker) cou... Leukocyte count can be assessed using an inexpensive routine tes... Results from the study show that adults with the highest levels o...,Inflammation,May,Indicate,Heart,Problems,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest medicine news
Micah Owings drove home the decisive run in the top of the ninth inning Monday, and Tulane took a 9-6 victory over Rice to advance to the College World Series.
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Heres a list of every available Radiation Oncology doctor at Tulane. Take a look around and explore which of them fits your needs the best.. Show Nearby Doctors ...
NO loss of potency whatsoever . Protein determination was performed using BCA protein assay kit (Pierce Rockford IL) following the manufacturers instructions and the absorbance of protein was determined at 580 nm wavelength. Sample cocktail buffer (0. C for 5 minutes. The pre-prepared polyacrylamide gels (varied depending on the size of protein of interest refer to table 4.. A1 1A2 2A6 2E1 3A4 and human epoxide hydrolase (Crespi et al 1991). CYP 1A inhibitor) and 3-amino124-triazole (CYP 2E1 inhibitor) were used to assess the possible metabolic activity in mediating the MSE and MIT toxicity in MCL-5 cells. The results shown in fig. Alphanaphtoflavone (bar graph D) also showed some marginal difference in inhibiting the MSE toxicity. Cytotoxicity was apparently unaffected by ketoconazole.. Serum free media was added to respective wells and treated with various Top Kratom Vendors 2012 Newbury concentrations of MSE. Triplicate wells of 10% FBS media for control group were also added for comparison. ...
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OBJECTIVE: The preliminary classification criteria for antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), or the Sapporo criteria, are widely used for the inclusion of patients with APS into clinical studies. Revised Sapporo criteria have been proposed as an improved criteria set. Whether these criteria sets fulfill the current standards of measurement science are unknown. The purpose of this study was (1) to evaluate the developmental methodology and measurement properties of the Sapporo and the revised Sapporo criteria for use in clinical trials; and (2) to evaluate if the revised Sapporo criteria provide added value over the Sapporo criteria. METHODS: A computer search for articles describing use of the Sapporo and the revised Sapporo criteria was performed. Item generation, item reduction, sensibility, validity, and reliability of the criteria were evaluated. RESULTS: The Sapporo criteria set has incremental face and content validity over its predecessors. However, through separation of anti-ss2-glycoprotein ...
Read through the presentations linked below and complete the quiz at the end. EITHER (Preferred, because it includes good videos): Read the five modules of this instructable and also complete the online quiz at the end of the presentation (below) OR (Second choice, because the videos are only static images): Read the pdf version of the instructable here or here and complete the quiz at the end of the presentation (below) AND Study the Wood-2 Presentation and take the quiz at the end ...
Opens the Highlight Feature Bar and highlights feature annotations from the FEATURES table of the record. The Highlight Feature Bar can be used to navigate to and highlight other features and provides links to display the highlighted region separately. Links in the FEATURES table will also highlight the corresponding region of the sequence. More... ...
"ICTV Report Caliciviridae". Public Health Laboratory Network (25 September 2006). "Norovirus Laboratory Case Definition (LCD ... Caliciviridae 3D macromolecular structures of Noroviruses from the EM Data Bank(EMDB) Viralzone: Norovirus ICTV Report: ... ICTV consulted widely with members of the Caliciviridae Study Group and carefully discussed the case. In addition to "Norwalk ... non-enveloped viruses belonging to the family Caliciviridae. According to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, ...
... is a genus of viruses, in the family Caliciviridae. Lagomorphs serve as natural hosts. There are currently only two ... "ICTV Report Caliciviridae". "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) ICTVdB ... Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Picornavirales Family: Caliciviridae Genus: Lagovirus European brown hare syndrome virus Rabbit ... Caliciviridae". The Journal of General Virology. 100 (11): 1469-1470. doi:10.1099/jgv.0.001332. PMID 31573467. " ...
... in the family Caliciviridae. "Currently, the family Caliciviridae consists of five established genera, Sapovirus, Norovirus, ... "ICTV Report Caliciviridae". Oka, Tomoichiro; Wang, Qiuhong; Katayama, Kazuhiko; Saif, Linda J. (1 January 2015). "Comprehensive ... Caliciviridae". The Journal of General Virology. 100 (11): 1469-1470. doi:10.1099/jgv.0.001332. PMC 7011698. PMID 31573467. " ... non-enveloped viruses within the family Caliciviridae. Together with norovirus, sapoviruses are the most common cause of acute ...
"ICTV Report Caliciviridae". "Viral Zone". ExPASy. Retrieved 15 June 2015. Farles. The Free Dictionary. Accessed 02-Mar-2010. ... Vesivirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Caliciviridae. Swine, sea mammals, and felines serve as natural hosts. There are ... Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Picornavirales Family: Caliciviridae Genus: Vesivirus Feline calicivirus Vesicular exanthema of swine ...
... genus Lagovirus of the family Caliciviridae. The virus infects only rabbits, and has been used in some countries to control ...
Caliciviridae‎; 19:44 . . (+24)‎ . . ‎. 89.242.45.192. (talk)‎ (Tag: possible vandalism). *(diff , hist) . . m Module:Citation/ ... m Caliciviridae‎; 19:45 . . (-24)‎ . . ‎. Simplexity22. (talk , contribs)‎ (Reverted edits by 89.242.45.192 (talk) to last ...
Caliciviridae family Campylobacteriosis Campylobacter species Candidiasis (Moniliasis; Thrush) usually Candida albicans and ...
"ICTV 9th Report (2011) Caliciviridae". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). Retrieved 9 January 2019. "ICTV ...
Examples include the ones found in poliovirus and in rhinovirus (both are members of genus Enterovirus). Caliciviridae have a ...
Familie Caliciviridae. *Genus Lagovirus. *Genus Nebovirus. *Genus Norovirus, mit Species Norwalk-Virus ...
"Genus: Recovirus - Caliciviridae - Positive-sense RNA Viruses". International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). ...
It was previously classified in the family Caliciviridae. However, its genome more closely resembles rubella virus. It is now ...
Caliciviridae. *Hepadnaviridae f.eks. Hepatitis B. *Papovaviridae f.eks. fodvorter. *Parvoviridae f.eks. lussingesyge/5. ...
Caliciviridae http://www.kittenlady.org/limpingcalici Youtube video: Kittens suddenly limping? Youtube video: Sudden limping in ...
杯状病毒科 Caliciviridae. *修道院病毒科 Closteroviridae ...
杯状病毒科 Caliciviridae. *修道院病毒科 Closteroviridae ...
3. Caliciviridae Norwalk virus Naked Icosahedral ss IV 4. Togaviridae Eastern equine encephalitis Enveloped Icosahedral ss IV ...
Norobirusak Norovirus generoan sailkatzen diren birusak dira, Caliciviridae familiako partaide direnak. Genero honetan espezie ...
It is also used in general Caliciviridae research due to its being one of the few of that group of viruses that grows well in ... Feline calicivirus (FCV) is a virus of the family Caliciviridae that causes disease in cats. It is one of the two important ...
The following families are recognized: Caliciviridae Dicistroviridae Iflaviridae Marnaviridae Picornaviridae Polycipiviridae ...
The most significant zoonotic pathogens causing foodborne diseases are Escherichia coli O157:H7, Campylobacter, Caliciviridae, ...
Positive single-stranded RNA families: three non-enveloped (Astroviridae, Caliciviridae and Picornaviridae) and four enveloped ...
The ViPR database includes genomes from these viral families: Arenaviridae, Bunyaviridae, Caliciviridae, Coronaviridae, ...
This virus belongs to the family Caliciviridae, which includes other viruses such as: Norovirus, a common cause of food ...
Along with the Picornaviridae and the Caliciviridae, the Astroviridae comprise a third family of nonenveloped viruses whose ...
She is a member of the American Society for Virology, American Society for Microbiology and the Caliciviridae study group of ...
Norovirus é un xénero de virus de ARN monocatenario sen envoltura diversos xeneticamente da familia Caliciviridae.[1] Os virus ... Os norovirus son un grupo xeneticamente diverso de virus de ARN monocatenario sen envoltura da familia Caliciviridae.[23] ... Virus Pathogen Database and Analysis Resource (ViPR): Caliciviridae. *3D macromolecular structures of Noroviruses from the EM ... xenoma do virus Norwalk mostrou que eses virus tiñan unha organización xenómica que os facía membros da familia Caliciviridae.[ ...
Caliciviridae family. Campylobacteriosis. Géineas Campylobacter. Candidiasis (Moniliasis; Thrush). usually Candida albicans and ...
... family Caliciviridae) are a major cause of epidemic acute viral gastroenteritis. Meyers G, Rossi C, Thiel HJ (2004). " ...
... caliciviridae MeSH B04.909.777.162.500 - lagovirus MeSH B04.909.777.162.500.380 - hemorrhagic disease virus, rabbit MeSH ...
Caliciviridae Viralzone: Caliciviridae 3D macromolecular structures of Caliciviridae from the EM Data Bank(EMDB) ICTV. ... Caliciviridae is a family of viruses, members of Class IV of the Baltimore scheme. They are positive-sense, single stranded RNA ... The Caliciviridae family includes the following genera: Genus Lagovirus; type species: Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Genus ... doi: 10.1128/JVI.00070-08 Caliciviridae description page from the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses site. ...
The Caliciviridae are a family of viruses, members of Class IV of the Baltimore scheme. They are positive-sense, single- ... Caliciviridae description page from the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses site ... Caliciviridae". The Journal of General Virology. 100 (11): 1469-1470. doi:10.1099/jgv.0.001332. PMID 31573467.. .mw-parser- ... Characterization of a rhesus monkey calicivirus representing a new genus of Caliciviridae. J Virol 82: 5408-5416. doi: 10.1128/ ...
All Caliciviridae have closely related genome structures, but are genetically and antigenically highly diverse and infect a ... Recombination in nature is not infrequent for most of the Caliciviridae, contributing to their diversity. Sapovirus infections ... the Caliciviridae family comprises four other accepted genera: Sapovirus, Lagovirus, Vesivirus, and Nebovirus. There are six ... Desselberger, U. Caliciviridae Other Than Noroviruses. Viruses 2019, 11, 286. AMA Style. Desselberger U. Caliciviridae Other ...
Human enteric Caliciviridae: a new prevalent small round-structured virus group defined by RNA-dependent RNA polymerase and ...
... from Caliciviruses: Molecular and Cellular Virology by Hansman, GS et al (2010). Members of the Caliciviridae ... The virus family Caliciviridae contains four genera Norovirus, Sapovirus, Lagovirus and Vesivirus. Norovirus and sapovirus ... Viruses in three of the four established genera of the family Caliciviridae have been detected in pigs (Sapovirus, Norovirus ... However, RHDV is an unusual calicivirus in that it has served also as an important model in the family Caliciviridae by ...
Caliciviridae. In: Concise Review of Veterinary Virology Author(s):. Carter G.R. and ...
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific &... Explanation of Caliciviridae ... Find out information about Caliciviridae. A family of nonenveloped ribonucleic acid viruses with characteristic hollow surface ... Related to Caliciviridae: norovirus, calicivirus, Coronaviridae, Astroviridae. Caliciviridae. [kə‚lē·sē′vī·rə‚dē] (virology) A ... Caliciviridae , Article about Caliciviridae by The Free Dictionary https://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Caliciviridae ...
The Big Picture Book of Viruses: Caliciviridae. Taxonomy: Comments: Viruses with typical calicivirus morphology have been ... Based on similar physicochemical and biologic properties, HEV has been provisionally classified in the Caliciviridae family; ...
In Caliciviridae, all genera have RNA helicase in common as Fig. 3. In addition, RNA helicase exists in the type of single- ... Keywords: Caliciviridae, coding region, conserved domain database, pairwise alignment sequence comparison, Picornaviridae, RPS- ... In Caliciviridae, all viruses have Calicivirus coat protein (Calici_coat) domain in common. Lagovirus and Nebovirus contain ... In addition, in the case of Picornaviridae, which is the same type with Caliciviridae, Pico_P1A, Pico_P2A, and Pico_P2B could ...
1. The family Caliciviridae contains four genera: Norovirus, Sapovirus, Lagovirus, and Vesivirus. They are small, naked viruses ...
... genus Lagovirus of the family Caliciviridae. The virus infects only rabbits, and has been used in some countries to control ...
Antisense Inhibition of Caliciviridae Vesivirus Isolates PCV Pan-1 and SMSV-13 in Porcine Kidney (PK-15) and African Green ... Caliciviridae, Togaviridae and Flaviviridae. Sequences targeting any characteristic viral RNA can be used. The desired target ... targeted to the ORF1 translation initiation zone of the strains Pan-1 and SMSV-13 of the vesivirus genus of Caliciviridae was ... and vaccines for the other genera of the Caliciviridae are expected to have the same limitations. ...
Caliciviridae. small-sized ssRNA non-enveloped. vesicular exanthema. swine. ingestion. B. Orthomyxo-Viridae. medium-sized ssRNA ...
In yet other preferred embodiments, the virus is selected from the group of Pieornaviridae, Caliciviridae, Reoviridae, ...
Caliciviridae (50). Other genera in the Caliciviridae family include Sapporo-like viruses, which also cause gastroenteritis ... Human enteric Caliciviridae: the complete genome sequence and expression of virus-like particles from a genetic group II small ... Members of the family Caliciviridae\t (Norwalk virus and Sapporo virus) are the most prevalent cause of gastroenteritis ...
Familie Caliciviridae. *Genus Lagovirus. *Genus Nebovirus. *Genus Norovirus, mit Species Norwalk-Virus ...
Caliciviridae 28. Astroviridae 29. Togaviridae 30. Flaviviridae 31. Other Viruses: Hepesviruses, Hepadnaviridae, Deltavirus, ...
Family Caliciviridae Family Astroviridae Family Togaviridae Family Flaviviridae Family Coronaviridae Family Arteriviridae ...
Family Caliciviridae 399. Family Astroviridae 401. Family Retroviridae 401. 14 Cytopathology of Pathogenic Prokaryotes 425 ...
Characterization of a rhesus monkey calicivirus representing a new genus of Caliciviridae. J Virol. 2008;82:5408-16. DOIPubMed ... Caliciviridae: the noroviruses. In: Knipe DM, Howley PM, editors. Fields virology. 5th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & ... Viruses in the family Caliciviridae are nonenveloped, polyadenylated, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA viruses (1). They ... Complete genomes of strains representing different Caliciviridae genera were selected for a phylogenetic tree (Figure 1). The ...
Caliciviridae. Hubei picorna-like virus 67 24. MT482494. PNG bee virus 13 *. 2063. Iflaviridae. Darwin bee virus 3 62. MT482495 ... Caliciviridae. Hubei picorna-like virus 68 29. MT482483. PNG bee virus 2 7385. Dicistroviridae. Melipona quadrifasciata virus ... suggesting it is an unclassified norovirus of the Caliciviridae. Twelve partial virus genomes were also detected from PNG A. ... mellifera including several putative Dicistroviridae, Iflaviridae and one other Caliciviridae virus. A further two distinct ...
Caliciviridae. Norwalk virus, Hepatitis E virus. Naked. Icosahedral. ss. 4.. Togaviridae. Rubella virus. Enveloped. Icosahedral ...
Caliciviridae. Genus. Vesivirus. Genus. Lagovirus. Genus. Norovirus. Genus. Sapovirus. Genus. Nebovirus. Family. ...
Caliciviridae contains four genera: Lagovirus, Vesivirus, Sapovirus, and Norovirus (Norwalk-like viruses). Type species of this ... Caliciviridae contains four genera: Lagovirus, Vesivirus, Sapovirus, and Norovirus (Norwalk-like viruses). Type species of this ...
Subsection 2 (RNA) - Caliciviridae. 169. Calicivirus (Norovirus, Sapovirus, Vesivirus, Lagovirus, Nebovirus). 170. Hepatitis E ...
Caliciviridae / genetics* * Caliciviridae Infections / epidemiology* * Caliciviridae Infections / virology * Disease Outbreaks ...
  • The virus family Caliciviridae contains four genera Norovirus , Sapovirus , Lagovirus and Vesivirus . (caister.com)
  • We applied this approach to norovirus in Caliciviridae , which causes 90% of gastroenteritis cases worldwide. (genominfo.org)
  • In case of Norovirus , Calicivirus coat protein C terminal and viral polyprotein N-terminal appears as a specific domain in Caliciviridae . (genominfo.org)
  • As the first application of this approach, we focused on norovirus , a positive single-strained RNA virus in Caliciviridae [ 2 ]. (genominfo.org)
  • Norobirusak Norovirus generoan sailkatzen diren birusak dira, Caliciviridae familiako partaide direnak. (wikipedia.org)
  • Norwalk virus (NV) is a member of the family Caliciviridae , genus Norovirus , formerly called Norwalk-like virus and possessing a single-stranded RNA genome. (asm.org)
  • Noroviruses (NoVs) belong to the genus Norovirus and are members of the family Caliciviridae . (springer.com)
  • Norovirus (NV), belonging to family Caliciviridae, is a major cause of acute viral gastroenteritis [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Norovirus (family Caliciviridae) comprises a group of viruses known to cause acute gastroenteritis in humans. (in.us)
  • Norovirus is a group of related viruses that belong to the Caliciviridae family. (wqad.com)
  • Lore Lee] Norovirus and sapovirus are both members of the virus family Caliciviridae. (cdc.gov)
  • Norovirus é un xénero de virus de ARN monocatenario sen envoltura diversos xeneticamente da familia Caliciviridae . (wikipedia.org)
  • [ 8 ] Os estalidos epidémicos de infeccións por norovirus adoitan ocorrer en comunidades pechadas ou semipechadas, como as de persoas que están en instalacións de coidados médicos a longo prazo, campamentos de verán, hospitais, prisións, dormitorios, e buques cruceiros, onde a infección se estende moi rapidamente de persoa a persoa ou por comida contaminada. (wikipedia.org)
  • A diagnose específica dos norovirus faise rotinariamente por medio da reacción en cadea da polimerase (PCR) ou PCR cuantitativa , que dá resultados en poucas horas. (wikipedia.org)
  • doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0059817 Farkas T, Sestak K, Wei C, Jiang X (2008) Characterization of a rhesus monkey calicivirus representing a new genus of Caliciviridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Caliciviridae bear resemblance to enlarged picornavirus and was formerly a separate genus within the picornaviridae.They are positive-sense, single-stranded RNA which is not segmented. (wikipedia.org)
  • genus Lagovirus, family Caliciviridae ) (4), a virus with a positive-sense, single-stranded RNA genome of 7.4 kb. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Finally, the conserved domains of each genus in Caliciviridae are classified by RPS-BLAST with CDD. (genominfo.org)
  • The infectious agent responsible for the disease is rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus ( RHDV ), or rabbit calicivirus ( RCV ), genus Lagovirus of the family Caliciviridae . (wikipedia.org)
  • Genus Tequatrovirus ( T4virus , T4-ähnliche Viren , en. (wikipedia.org)
  • The NC-WGP93C strain grouped with the Canadian St-Valerien-like viruses to form a potentially new genus within the Caliciviridae family. (cdc.gov)
  • Lagovirus is a genus of viruses, in the family Caliciviridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Group: ssRNA(+) Order: Picornavirales Family: Caliciviridae Genus: Lagovirus European brown hare syndrome virus Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Virions consist of a capsid. (wikipedia.org)
  • The NoV is the species of the genus of Norwalk-like viruses in the Caliciviridae family. (hindawi.com)
  • The virus was identified as a genus of the Caliciviridae family. (worldhealthcareblog.org)
  • Since then naturally occurring recombinants have been detected for all four genera of the Caliciviridae and has become an important mechanism in the emergence of new calicivirus variants. (caister.com)
  • It does not include in the other genera in Caliciviridae . (genominfo.org)
  • The final goal is to choose conserved domains that can be utilized to identify genera in Caliciviridae . (genominfo.org)
  • Later, the nonhuman primate Tulane virus ( 2 ) and the porcine St-Valerien-like viruses ( 3 ) were characterized as potential new genera in the Caliciviridae family. (cdc.gov)
  • Complete genomes of strains representing different Caliciviridae genera were selected for a phylogenetic tree ( Figure 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • They are now one of four genera in the Caliciviridae each sharing a similar structure when examined by electron microscopy. (health.gov.au)
  • To the Editor: Human sapoviruses belong to a group of viruses within the family Caliciviridae , which also includes noroviruses, that cause acute gastroenteritis (1). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 2013. Caliciviridae: the noroviruses. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Human noroviruses in the Caliciviridae family are the major cause of nonbacterial epidemic gastroenteritis worldwide. (asm.org)
  • Noroviruses in the Caliciviridae are a major cause of acute gastroenteritis in all age groups. (nih.gov)
  • We have conducted comparative studies among diverse members of the Caliciviridae in an effort to learn common themes in calicivirus replication that will inform our understanding of the human noroviruses. (nih.gov)
  • Noroviruses (NoVs) belong to the Caliciviridae family. (frontiersin.org)
  • Noroviruses are non-enveloped single stranded RNA viruses of the Caliciviridae family. (frontiersin.org)
  • Noroviruses are positive-sense, single-stranded RNA viruses belonging to the family Caliciviridae ( 1 ). (asm.org)
  • Noroviruses (NoV) are a genetically diverse group of single stranded RNA, nonenveloped viruses belonging to the Caliciviridae family. (health.gov.au)
  • Caliciviridae is a family of viruses, members of Class IV of the Baltimore scheme. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Caliciviridae are a family of "small round structured" viruses, members of Class IV of the Baltimore scheme. (wikipedia.org)
  • Norwalk-like viruses or NLV) are members of the family Caliciviridae and are well-recognized etiologic agents of nonbacterial AGE (5). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • NoVs belong to the family Caliciviridae and can be grouped into at least 5 genogroups (GI-GV), which are further divided into at least 35 genotypes (2,10). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • it belongs to the Caliciviridae family of positive-sense, single-stranded RNA, nonenveloped viruses (3). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Human sapovirus (SaV), family Caliciviridae , is a causative agent of gastroenteritis in children and adults. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Viruses in the family Caliciviridae are nonenveloped, polyadenylated, single-stranded, positive-sense RNA viruses ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Some viruses within the Caliciviridae family initiate their replication cycle by attachment to cell surface carbohydrate moieties, histo-blood group antigens (HBGAs), and/or terminal sialic acids (SAs). (asm.org)
  • NoV belong to family caliciviridae. (intechopen.com)
  • NoV has a diameter of ~38 nm and belongs to a category of small non-enveloped icosahedral viruses in the Caliciviridae family. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These viruses are 28 to 35 nm in diameter, nonenveloped, single-stranded RNA viruses that are members of the Caliciviridae family. (asm.org)
  • Among members of the Caliciviridae family, feline calicivirus (FCV) has been the most widely used HuNoV surrogate since the 1990s ( 5 ). (asm.org)
  • Family Caliciviridae Icosahedral, nonenveloped virions about 35-39 nm in diameter, composed of 32 capsomeres and 180 molecules of a single capsid protein. (britannica.com)
  • Pathogenic lagoviruses (Family Caliciviridae ) cause hepatitis in leporids. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV), a member of Caliciviridae family, causes a highly contagious disease in rabbits. (wur.nl)
  • This revealed the presence of 27 viral species, of which 24 were novel, including double-stranded RNA viruses ( Picobirnaviridae and Reoviridae ), single-stranded RNA viruses ( Astroviridae , Caliciviridae , Picornaviridae ), a retro-transcribing DNA virus ( Hepadnaviridae ), and a single-stranded DNA virus ( Parvoviridae ). (nature.com)
  • Green, "Reverse genetics system for porcine enteric calicivirus, a prototype sapovirus in the Caliciviridae ," Journal of Virology, vol. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • These viruses include members of the viral families reoviridae and caliciviridae. (virology.net)
  • doi: 10.1128/JVI.00070-08 Caliciviridae description page from the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses site. (wikipedia.org)
  • All Caliciviridae have closely related genome structures, but are genetically and antigenically highly diverse and infect a wide range of mammalian host species including humans. (mdpi.com)
  • Thereby, we assigned the meaningful annotation and selected specific protein sequences from domain tables generated by executing RPS-BLAST with the query of complete genome for each virus in Caliciviridae . (genominfo.org)
  • Human enteric Caliciviridae: a new prevalent small round-structured virus group defined by RNA-dependent RNA polymerase and capsid diversity. (nih.gov)
  • A review of scientific research into Caliciviridae . (caister.com)