Calcium Signaling: Signal transduction mechanisms whereby calcium mobilization (from outside the cell or from intracellular storage pools) to the cytoplasm is triggered by external stimuli. Calcium signals are often seen to propagate as waves, oscillations, spikes, sparks, or puffs. The calcium acts as an intracellular messenger by activating calcium-responsive proteins.Calcium, Dietary: Calcium compounds used as food supplements or in food to supply the body with calcium. Dietary calcium is needed during growth for bone development and for maintenance of skeletal integrity later in life to prevent osteoporosis.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Calcium Channels: Voltage-dependent cell membrane glycoproteins selectively permeable to calcium ions. They are categorized as L-, T-, N-, P-, Q-, and R-types based on the activation and inactivation kinetics, ion specificity, and sensitivity to drugs and toxins. The L- and T-types are present throughout the cardiovascular and central nervous systems and the N-, P-, Q-, & R-types are located in neuronal tissue.Dietary Proteins: Proteins obtained from foods. They are the main source of the ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Dietary Fiber: The remnants of plant cell walls that are resistant to digestion by the alimentary enzymes of man. It comprises various polysaccharides and lignins.Dietary Supplements: Products in capsule, tablet or liquid form that provide dietary ingredients, and that are intended to be taken by mouth to increase the intake of nutrients. Dietary supplements can include macronutrients, such as proteins, carbohydrates, and fats; and/or MICRONUTRIENTS, such as VITAMINS; MINERALS; and PHYTOCHEMICALS.Dietary Carbohydrates: Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)Calcium Carbonate: Carbonic acid calcium salt (CaCO3). An odorless, tasteless powder or crystal that occurs in nature. It is used therapeutically as a phosphate buffer in hemodialysis patients and as a calcium supplement.Calcium Phosphates: Calcium salts of phosphoric acid. These compounds are frequently used as calcium supplements.Calcium Isotopes: Stable calcium atoms that have the same atomic number as the element calcium, but differ in atomic weight. Ca-42-44, 46, and 48 are stable calcium isotopes.Dietary Fats, Unsaturated: Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.Calcium Chloride: A salt used to replenish calcium levels, as an acid-producing diuretic, and as an antidote for magnesium poisoning.Cholesterol, Dietary: Cholesterol present in food, especially in animal products.Calcium Channels, L-Type: Long-lasting voltage-gated CALCIUM CHANNELS found in both excitable and nonexcitable tissue. They are responsible for normal myocardial and vascular smooth muscle contractility. Five subunits (alpha-1, alpha-2, beta, gamma, and delta) make up the L-type channel. The alpha-1 subunit is the binding site for calcium-based antagonists. Dihydropyridine-based calcium antagonists are used as markers for these binding sites.Calcium Oxalate: The calcium salt of oxalic acid, occurring in the urine as crystals and in certain calculi.Energy Intake: Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.Calcium Gluconate: The calcium salt of gluconic acid. The compound has a variety of uses, including its use as a calcium replenisher in hypocalcemic states.Sodium, Dietary: Sodium or sodium compounds used in foods or as a food. The most frequently used compounds are sodium chloride or sodium glutamate.Calcium Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of calcium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Ca atoms with atomic weights 39, 41, 45, 47, 49, and 50 are radioactive calcium isotopes.Food Habits: Acquired or learned food preferences.Iron, Dietary: Iron or iron compounds used in foods or as food. Dietary iron is important in oxygen transport and the synthesis of the iron-porphyrin proteins hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, and cytochrome oxidase. Insufficient amounts of dietary iron can lead to iron-deficiency anemia.Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Phosphorus: A non-metal element that has the atomic symbol P, atomic number 15, and atomic weight 31. It is an essential element that takes part in a broad variety of biochemical reactions.Potassium, Dietary: Potassium or potassium compounds used in foods or as foods.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Calcium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain calcium as an integral part of the molecule.Diet Records: Records of nutrient intake over a specific period of time, usually kept by the patient.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Dietary Sucrose: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.Intestinal Absorption: Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.Calcium Channels, N-Type: CALCIUM CHANNELS that are concentrated in neural tissue. Omega toxins inhibit the actions of these channels by altering their voltage dependence.Egtazic Acid: A chelating agent relatively more specific for calcium and less toxic than EDETIC ACID.Diet Surveys: Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Recommended Dietary Allowances: The amounts of various substances in the diet recommended by governmental guidelines as needed to sustain healthy life.Calcium Channel Agonists: Agents that increase calcium influx into calcium channels of excitable tissues. This causes vasoconstriction in VASCULAR SMOOTH MUSCLE and/or CARDIAC MUSCLE cells as well as stimulation of insulin release from pancreatic islets. Therefore, tissue-selective calcium agonists have the potential to combat cardiac failure and endocrinological disorders. They have been used primarily in experimental studies in cell and tissue culture.Magnesium: A metallic element that has the atomic symbol Mg, atomic number 12, and atomic weight 24.31. It is important for the activity of many enzymes, especially those involved in OXIDATIVE PHOSPHORYLATION.Minerals: Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Nutrition Policy: Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of animals.Parathyroid Hormone: A polypeptide hormone (84 amino acid residues) secreted by the PARATHYROID GLANDS which performs the essential role of maintaining intracellular CALCIUM levels in the body. Parathyroid hormone increases intracellular calcium by promoting the release of CALCIUM from BONE, increases the intestinal absorption of calcium, increases the renal tubular reabsorption of calcium, and increases the renal excretion of phosphates.Random Allocation: A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.Liver: A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.Calcimycin: An ionophorous, polyether antibiotic from Streptomyces chartreusensis. It binds and transports CALCIUM and other divalent cations across membranes and uncouples oxidative phosphorylation while inhibiting ATPase of rat liver mitochondria. The substance is used mostly as a biochemical tool to study the role of divalent cations in various biological systems.Swine: Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).Rats, Sprague-Dawley: A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Nutrition Assessment: Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.Calcium Hydroxide: A white powder prepared from lime that has many medical and industrial uses. It is in many dental formulations, especially for root canal filling.Calcium Sulfate: A calcium salt that is used for a variety of purposes including: building materials, as a desiccant, in dentistry as an impression material, cast, or die, and in medicine for immobilizing casts and as a tablet excipient. It exists in various forms and states of hydration. Plaster of Paris is a mixture of powdered and heat-treated gypsum.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Nifedipine: A potent vasodilator agent with calcium antagonistic action. It is a useful anti-anginal agent that also lowers blood pressure.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Chelating Agents: Chemicals that bind to and remove ions from solutions. Many chelating agents function through the formation of COORDINATION COMPLEXES with METALS.Weight Gain: Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.Meat: The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.Fish Oils: Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.Membrane Potentials: The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).Dairy Products: Raw and processed or manufactured milk and milk-derived products. These are usually from cows (bovine) but are also from goats, sheep, reindeer, and water buffalo.Calcium Citrate: A colorless crystalline or white powdery organic, tricarboxylic acid occurring in plants, especially citrus fruits, and used as a flavoring agent, as an antioxidant in foods, and as a sequestrating agent. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Vitamin D: A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.Rats, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.Fatty Acids, Omega-3: A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.Fatty Acids, Unsaturated: FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.Fura-2: A fluorescent calcium chelating agent which is used to study intracellular calcium in tissues.Bone and Bones: A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.Food Analysis: Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.S100 Calcium Binding Protein G: A calbindin protein found in many mammalian tissues, including the UTERUS, PLACENTA, BONE, PITUITARY GLAND, and KIDNEYS. In intestinal ENTEROCYTES it mediates intracellular calcium transport from apical to basolateral membranes via calcium binding at two EF-HAND MOTIFS. Expression is regulated in some tissues by VITAMIN D.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Food, Fortified: Any food that has been supplemented with essential nutrients either in quantities that are greater than those present normally, or which are not present in the food normally. Fortified food includes also food to which various nutrients have been added to compensate for those removed by refinement or processing. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Potassium: An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.Feces: Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.Calcium Metabolism Disorders: Disorders in the processing of calcium in the body: its absorption, transport, storage, and utilization.Thapsigargin: A sesquiterpene lactone found in roots of THAPSIA. It inhibits CA(2+)-TRANSPORTING ATPASE mediated uptake of CALCIUM into SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM.Absorption: The physical or physiological processes by which substances, tissue, cells, etc. take up or take in other substances or energy.Nutritive Value: An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel: A tetrameric calcium release channel in the SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM membrane of SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, acting oppositely to SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM CALCIUM-TRANSPORTING ATPASES. It is important in skeletal and cardiac excitation-contraction coupling and studied by using RYANODINE. Abnormalities are implicated in CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS and MUSCULAR DISEASES.Lipids: A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Calcium Pyrophosphate: An inorganic pyrophosphate which affects calcium metabolism in mammals. Abnormalities in its metabolism occur in some human diseases, notably HYPOPHOSPHATASIA and pseudogout (CHONDROCALCINOSIS).Sodium: A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.Digestion: The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.Milk: The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.Verapamil: A calcium channel blocker that is a class IV anti-arrhythmia agent.Vitamins: Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.Cytosol: Intracellular fluid from the cytoplasm after removal of ORGANELLES and other insoluble cytoplasmic components.Calcium-Binding Proteins: Proteins to which calcium ions are bound. They can act as transport proteins, regulator proteins, or activator proteins. They typically contain EF HAND MOTIFS.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Homeostasis: The processes whereby the internal environment of an organism tends to remain balanced and stable.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Kidney Calculi: Stones in the KIDNEY, usually formed in the urine-collecting area of the kidney (KIDNEY PELVIS). Their sizes vary and most contains CALCIUM OXALATE.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.TriglyceridesQuestionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Dihydropyridines: Pyridine moieties which are partially saturated by the addition of two hydrogen atoms in any position.Organ Size: The measurement of an organ in volume, mass, or heaviness.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Nitrogen: An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Food Preferences: The selection of one food over another.Lanthanum: Lanthanum. The prototypical element in the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol La, atomic number 57, and atomic weight 138.91. Lanthanide ion is used in experimental biology as a calcium antagonist; lanthanum oxide improves the optical properties of glass.Patch-Clamp Techniques: An electrophysiologic technique for studying cells, cell membranes, and occasionally isolated organelles. All patch-clamp methods rely on a very high-resistance seal between a micropipette and a membrane; the seal is usually attained by gentle suction. The four most common variants include on-cell patch, inside-out patch, outside-out patch, and whole-cell clamp. Patch-clamp methods are commonly used to voltage clamp, that is control the voltage across the membrane and measure current flow, but current-clamp methods, in which the current is controlled and the voltage is measured, are also used.Biological Availability: The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.Hypocalcemia: Reduction of the blood calcium below normal. Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, Chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm. (Dorland, 27th ed)Energy Metabolism: The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.Calcium Channels, P-Type: CALCIUM CHANNELS located within the PURKINJE CELLS of the cerebellum. They are involved in stimulation-secretion coupling of neurons.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Myocardium: The muscle tissue of the HEART. It is composed of striated, involuntary muscle cells (MYOCYTES, CARDIAC) connected to form the contractile pump to generate blood flow.Lactation: The processes of milk secretion by the maternal MAMMARY GLANDS after PARTURITION. The proliferation of the mammary glandular tissue, milk synthesis, and milk expulsion or let down are regulated by the interactions of several hormones including ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; PROLACTIN; and OXYTOCIN.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Diltiazem: A benzothiazepine derivative with vasodilating action due to its antagonism of the actions of CALCIUM ion on membrane functions.Caffeine: A methylxanthine naturally occurring in some beverages and also used as a pharmacological agent. Caffeine's most notable pharmacological effect is as a central nervous system stimulant, increasing alertness and producing agitation. It also relaxes SMOOTH MUSCLE, stimulates CARDIAC MUSCLE, stimulates DIURESIS, and appears to be useful in the treatment of some types of headache. Several cellular actions of caffeine have been observed, but it is not entirely clear how each contributes to its pharmacological profile. Among the most important are inhibition of cyclic nucleotide PHOSPHODIESTERASES, antagonism of ADENOSINE RECEPTORS, and modulation of intracellular calcium handling.Body Composition: The relative amounts of various components in the body, such as percentage of body fat.Linoleic Acid: A doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycosides. It is an essential fatty acid in mammalian nutrition and is used in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and cell membranes. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Caseins: A mixture of related phosphoproteins occurring in milk and cheese. The group is characterized as one of the most nutritive milk proteins, containing all of the common amino acids and rich in the essential ones.Signal Transduction: The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.Receptors, Calcium-Sensing: A class of G-protein-coupled receptors that react to varying extracellular CALCIUM levels. Calcium-sensing receptors in the PARATHYROID GLANDS play an important role in the maintenance of calcium HOMEOSTASIS by regulating the release of PARATHYROID HORMONE. They differ from INTRACELLULAR CALCIUM-SENSING PROTEINS which sense intracellular calcium levels.Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Intracellular Fluid: The fluid inside CELLS.Vitamin E: A generic descriptor for all TOCOPHEROLS and TOCOTRIENOLS that exhibit ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of ISOPRENOIDS.Ionophores: Chemical agents that increase the permeability of biological or artificial lipid membranes to specific ions. Most ionophores are relatively small organic molecules that act as mobile carriers within membranes or coalesce to form ion permeable channels across membranes. Many are antibiotics, and many act as uncoupling agents by short-circuiting the proton gradient across mitochondrial membranes.Hypercalcemia: Abnormally high level of calcium in the blood.Aequorin: A photoprotein isolated from the bioluminescent jellyfish Aequorea. It emits visible light by an intramolecular reaction when a trace amount of calcium ion is added. The light-emitting moiety in the bioluminescence reaction is believed to be 2-amino-3-benzyl-5-(p-hydroxyphenyl)pyrazine (AF-350).Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Calmodulin: A heat-stable, low-molecular-weight activator protein found mainly in the brain and heart. The binding of calcium ions to this protein allows this protein to bind to cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases and to adenyl cyclase with subsequent activation. Thereby this protein modulates cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP levels.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Cholecalciferol: Derivative of 7-dehydroxycholesterol formed by ULTRAVIOLET RAYS breaking of the C9-C10 bond. It differs from ERGOCALCIFEROL in having a single bond between C22 and C23 and lacking a methyl group at C24.Calcitriol: The physiologically active form of vitamin D. It is formed primarily in the kidney by enzymatic hydroxylation of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (CALCIFEDIOL). Its production is stimulated by low blood calcium levels and parathyroid hormone. Calcitriol increases intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphorus, and in concert with parathyroid hormone increases bone resorption.Calcium Channels, Q-Type: CALCIUM CHANNELS located in the neurons of the brain.Strontium: An element of the alkaline earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Sr, atomic number 38, and atomic weight 87.62.Selenium: An element with the atomic symbol Se, atomic number 34, and atomic weight 78.96. It is an essential micronutrient for mammals and other animals but is toxic in large amounts. Selenium protects intracellular structures against oxidative damage. It is an essential component of GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE.Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors: Intracellular receptors that bind to INOSITOL 1,4,5-TRISPHOSPHATE and play an important role in its intracellular signaling. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors are calcium channels that release CALCIUM in response to increased levels of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate in the CYTOPLASM.Fluorescent Dyes: Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.Fatty Acids, Omega-6: FATTY ACIDS which have the first unsaturated bond in the sixth position from the omega carbon. A typical American diet tends to contain substantially more omega-6 than OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS.Ascorbic Acid: A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Electrophysiology: The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.Docosahexaenoic Acids: C22-unsaturated fatty acids found predominantly in FISH OILS.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Carotenoids: The general name for a group of fat-soluble pigments found in green, yellow, and leafy vegetables, and yellow fruits. They are aliphatic hydrocarbons consisting of a polyisoprene backbone.Corn Oil: Oil from ZEA MAYS or corn plant.Oxalates: Derivatives of OXALIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that are derived from the ethanedioic acid structure.Ionomycin: A divalent calcium ionophore that is widely used as a tool to investigate the role of intracellular calcium in cellular processes.Lipid Metabolism: Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.Calcium Channels, R-Type: CALCIUM CHANNELS located in the neurons of the brain. They are inhibited by the marine snail toxin, omega conotoxin MVIIC.Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate: Intracellular messenger formed by the action of phospholipase C on phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate, which is one of the phospholipids that make up the cell membrane. Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate is released into the cytoplasm where it releases calcium ions from internal stores within the cell's endoplasmic reticulum. These calcium ions stimulate the activity of B kinase or calmodulin.Adenosine Triphosphate: An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.Cross-Over Studies: Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Intestines: The section of the alimentary canal from the STOMACH to the ANAL CANAL. It includes the LARGE INTESTINE and SMALL INTESTINE.Soybean Proteins: Proteins which are present in or isolated from SOYBEANS.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Diet, Vegetarian: Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in the DIET, consuming VEGETABLES, CEREALS, and NUTS. Some vegetarian diets called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.RNA, Messenger: RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)alpha-Linolenic Acid: A fatty acid that is found in plants and involved in the formation of prostaglandins.Calcinosis: Pathologic deposition of calcium salts in tissues.Diet Therapy: By adjusting the quantity and quality of food intake to improve health status of an individual. This term does not include the methods of food intake (NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT).Glycemic Index: A numerical system of measuring the rate of BLOOD GLUCOSE generation from a particular food item as compared to a reference item, such as glucose = 100. Foods with higher glycemic index numbers create greater blood sugar swings.Micronutrients: Essential dietary elements or organic compounds that are required in only small quantities for normal physiologic processes to occur.Folic Acid: A member of the vitamin B family that stimulates the hematopoietic system. It is present in the liver and kidney and is found in mushrooms, spinach, yeast, green leaves, and grasses (POACEAE). Folic acid is used in the treatment and prevention of folate deficiencies and megaloblastic anemia.Parathyroid Glands: Two pairs of small oval-shaped glands located in the front and the base of the NECK and adjacent to the two lobes of THYROID GLAND. They secrete PARATHYROID HORMONE that regulates the balance of CALCIUM; PHOSPHORUS; and MAGNESIUM in the body.Weaning: Permanent deprivation of breast milk and commencement of nourishment with other food. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Diet, Sodium-Restricted: A diet which contains very little sodium chloride. It is prescribed by some for hypertension and for edematous states. (Dorland, 27th ed)Adipose Tissue: Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.Cell Line: Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.Isoflavones: 3-Phenylchromones. Isomeric form of FLAVONOIDS in which the benzene group is attached to the 3 position of the benzopyran ring instead of the 2 position.Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.omega-Conotoxin GVIA: A neurotoxic peptide, which is a cleavage product (VIa) of the omega-Conotoxin precursor protein contained in venom from the marine snail, CONUS geographus. It is an antagonist of CALCIUM CHANNELS, N-TYPE.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Phytic Acid: Complexing agent for removal of traces of heavy metal ions. It acts also as a hypocalcemic agent.Beverages: Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Biological Transport: The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.Food, Formulated: Food and dietary formulations including elemental (chemically defined formula) diets, synthetic and semisynthetic diets, space diets, weight-reduction formulas, tube-feeding diets, complete liquid diets, and supplemental liquid and solid diets.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Trace Elements: A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Mice, Inbred C57BLAnimals, Newborn: Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.Safflower Oil: An oily liquid extracted from the seeds of the safflower, Carthamus tinctorius. It is used as a dietary supplement in the management of HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA. It is used also in cooking, as a salad oil, and as a vehicle for medicines, paints, varnishes, etc. (Dorland, 28th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Ion Channels: Gated, ion-selective glycoproteins that traverse membranes. The stimulus for ION CHANNEL GATING can be due to a variety of stimuli such as LIGANDS, a TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE, mechanical deformation or through INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS.Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.Caloric Restriction: Reduction in caloric intake without reduction in adequate nutrition. In experimental animals, caloric restriction has been shown to extend lifespan and enhance other physiological variables.Nitrendipine: A calcium channel blocker with marked vasodilator action. It is an effective antihypertensive agent and differs from other calcium channel blockers in that it does not reduce glomerular filtration rate and is mildly natriuretic, rather than sodium retentive.Blood Pressure: PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.Vitamin A: Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.Blood Glucose: Glucose in blood.

Effect of shellfish calcium on the apparent absorption of calcium and bone metabolism in ovariectomized rats. (1/1438)

Fossil shellfish powder (FS) and Ezo giant scallop shell powder (EG) were rendered soluble with lactate and citrate under decompression (FSEx and EGEx, respectively) and we examined the effects of lactate-citrate solubilization of FS and EG on mineral absorption, tissue mineral contents, serum biochemical indices and bone mineral density (BMD) in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. The apparent absorption ratios of minerals tended to be high in the rats fed with the solubilized mineral sources, those in the FSEx group being significantly higher than in the FS group. There was no significant difference in the tibia mineral content among the OVX groups. BMD at the distal femoral diaphysis was significantly increased by FSEx and EGEx feeding. It is suggested that solubilization with lactate and citrate under decompression increased the solubility and bioavailability of calcium from such natural sources of shellfish calcium as FS and EG.  (+info)

Dietary magnesium, not calcium, regulates renal thiazide receptor. (2/1438)

This study reports for the first time a relationship between dietary Mg and the renal thiazide-sensitive Na-Cl cotransporter (TZR, measured by saturation binding with 3H-metolazone). Ion-selective electrodes measured plasma ionized magnesium (PMg++), calcium (PCa++), and potassium (PK+). Restricting dietary Mg for 1 wk decreased PMg++ 18%, TZR 25%, and renal excretion of magnesium (UMg) and calcium (UCa) more than 50% without changing PCa++, PK+, or plasma aldosterone. A low Mg diet for 1 d significantly decreased PMg++, TZR, UMg and UCa. Return of dietary Mg after 5 d of Mg restriction restored PMg++ and TZR toward normal. In the control, Mg-deficient, and Mg-repleting animals, TZR correlated with PMg++ (r = 0.86) and with UMg (r = 0.87) but not UCa (r = 0.09). Increasing oral intake of Mg for 1 wk increased PMg++ 14%, TZR 32%, UMg 74%, and UCa more than fourfold without changing PCa++ or PK+. In contrast, increasing dietary Ca content from 0.02% to 1.91% did not change TZR, but increased UCa fivefold without changing PCa++. Hormonal mediators (if any) involved in the relationship between dietary Mg and TZR remain to be elucidated, as does the relationship between TZR and tubular reabsorption of Mg.  (+info)

Dietary soybeans intake and bone mineral density among 995 middle-aged women in Yokohama. (3/1438)

To investigate relationship of dietary factors, especially source of calcium intake, to bone mineral density (BMD) among Japanese middle-aged women, a total of 995 healthy women age of 40 to 49 (mean +/- SD, 45 +/- 3), who lives in Yokohama-city, were recruited through convenience sampling by the municipal information paper and health announcement at each 18 public health center in 18 wards for the three-day course on prevention of osteoporosis from October 1996 to March 1998. The BMD of the 2nd metacarpal bone was measured using Computed X-ray Densitometry (CXD) method, by a trained radiologist. Dietary intake of calcium was assessed by self-reporting food frequency questionnaire on calcium dietary sources such as milk, dairy products, small fish, vegetables, and soybeans and carefully checked by trained dietician. An independent gradient of non-adjusted and adjusted BMD for age and weekly calcium intake, through soybeans intake frequency (p = 0.03) was noted. This study suggest soybeans, through possible beneficial effects of vitamin-K, soyprotein, and isoflavonoid, may affect BMD of middle aged women.  (+info)

Taking a nutrition history: a practical approach for family physicians. (4/1438)

The association between nutrition and health has been clearly documented. Primary care physicians are expected to address nutrition and dietary behavior issues with their patients in the context of a brief clinical encounter. This article proposes the use of a short interview form, with specific suggestions for behavior changes that family physicians can use to help their patients meet currently accepted dietary guidelines. Answers to the questions on the interview form provide the physician with an overall sense of the patient's daily eating habits and help to identify major sources of saturated fat in the patient's diet. The patient is asked about the number of meals and snacks eaten in a 24-hour period, dining-out habits and frequency of consumption of fruits, vegetables, meats, poultry, fish, dairy products and desserts. Documentation of dietary changes can be accomplished using the suggested nutrition history form, and improvements in nutritional status can be measured using weight, blood pressure and laboratory test data.  (+info)

Calcium intake is weakly but consistently negatively associated with iron status in girls and women in six European countries. (5/1438)

Several studies indicate that intake of calcium can inhibit iron absorption especially when taken simultaneously. In the CALEUR study, a cross-sectional study among girls (mean 13.5 y) and young women (mean 22.0 y) in six European countries, the association between calcium intake and iron status was studied. In 1,080 girls and 524 women, detailed information on calcium intake was collected by means of a 3-d food record, and serum ferritin, serum iron, serum transferrin and transferrin saturation were measured as indicators of iron status. The mean levels of serum iron, ferritin and transferrin were 15.8 +/- 6.1 mmol/L, 34.5 +/- 19.1 microg/L and 3. 47 +/- 0.47 g/L, respectively, in girls and 16.9 +/- 7.5 mmol/L, 40. 2 +/- 30.5 and microg/L, 3.59 +/- 0.60 g/L, respectively, in women. A consistent inverse association between calcium intake and serum ferritin was found, after adjusting the linear regression model for iron intake, age, menarche, protein, tea and vitamin C intake and country, irrespective of whether calcium was ingested simultaneously with iron. The adjusted overall regression coefficients for girls and women were -0.57 +/- 0.20 and -1.36 +/- 0.46 per 100 mg/d increase in calcium intake, respectively. Only in girls, transferrin saturation as a measure for short-term iron status was inversely associated with calcium intake (adjusted overall coefficient -0.18 +/- 0.08). However, analysis per country separately showed no consistency. We conclude that dietary calcium intake is weakly inversely associated with blood iron status, irrespective of whether calcium was ingested simultaneously with iron.  (+info)

Excessive Ca and P intake during early maturation in dogs alters Ca and P balance without long-term effects after dietary normalization. (6/1438)

Calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P) balance is important for skeletal development. Although the effects of deficiencies are well known, reports on the effects of excessive Ca and P supply are relatively scarce. Epidemiologic data and a few controlled studies have shown that skeletal abnormalities may develop when Ca intake is excessive, particularly in periods of rapid growth. Changes in Ca and P balance during and/or after a high Ca intake are thought to underlie this phenomenon. In this study, the effects of excessive Ca (3.1 g/kg dry matter) or Ca and P (Ca 3.1 g/kg, P 2.8 g/kg) intake on Ca and P balance in young, rapidly growing dogs during (for the period from 3 to 17 wk of age) and after (for the period from 17 to 27 wk of age) high Ca and P intake were compared with findings in age-matched controls with normal Ca and P intakes (Ca 1.0 g/kg, P 0.8 g/kg). Dogs fed a high Ca diet developed hypercalcemia, and food intake and fractional absorption of Ca and P were significantly lower at 15 wk of age, whereas endogenous fecal and renal Ca excretion were significantly higher than in controls. This resulted in significantly higher Ca retention than in controls only at 9 wk of age, and in disproportionate absorption of Ca and P. In dogs fed a high Ca and P diet, normocalcemia was maintained, fractional absorption of Ca and P were significantly lower at 9 and 15 wk of age, but retention of both was significantly higher at 9 wk than in controls. The endogenous fecal Ca and renal P losses were significantly higher, but renal Ca excretion was not different from that in controls. After normalization of Ca and P intake, Ca and P balance did not differ among groups. In conclusion, excessive Ca and P intake during early maturation alters Ca and P balance, but does not influence Ca and P balance after dietary normalization.  (+info)

Morphometric evidence that YM175, a bisphosphonate, reduces trabecular bone resorption in ovariectomized dogs with dietary calcium restriction. (7/1438)

We examined mechanisms by which incadronate disodium (YM175) prevented bone resorption in ovariectomized dogs with dietary calcium restriction using the morphometrical method. YM175 (0.01-1.0 mg/kg) was given to ovariectomized dogs for 18 months. Because lumbar bone mineral density remained constant at month 17, we assumed that the trabecular bone resorption rate was equal to the bone formation rate and that wall thickness equaled resorption cavity depth. YM175 decreased both the bone resorption rate per number of osteoclasts and resorption cavity depth of cancellous pockets which were increased in ovariectomized dogs. These results suggest that YM175 reduces bone loss by decreasing the resorbing activity of osteoclasts.  (+info)

Lifestyle modifications to prevent and control hypertension. 6. Recommendations on potassium, magnesium and calcium. Canadian Hypertension Society, Canadian Coalition for High Blood Pressure Prevention and Control, Laboratory Centre for Disease Control at Health Canada, Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada. (8/1438)

OBJECTIVE: To provide updated, evidence-based recommendations on the consumption, through diet, and supplementation of the cations potassium, magnesium and calcium for the prevention and treatment of hypertension in otherwise healthy adults (except pregnant women). OPTIONS: Dietary supplementation with cations has been suggested as an alternative or adjunctive therapy to antihypertensive medications. Other options include other nonpharmacologic treatments for hypertension. OUTCOMES: The health outcomes considered were changes in blood pressure and in morbidity and mortality rates. Because of insufficient evidence, no economic outcomes were considered. EVIDENCE: A MEDLINE search was conducted for the period 1966-1996 with the terms hypertension and potassium, magnesium and calcium. Reports of trials, meta-analyses and review articles were obtained. Other relevant evidence was obtained from the reference lists of articles identified, from the personal files of the authors and through contacts with experts. The articles were reviewed, classified according to study design, and graded according to the level of evidence. VALUES: A high value was placed on the avoidance of cardiovascular morbidity and premature death caused by untreated hypertension. BENEFITS, HARMS AND COSTS: The weight of the evidence from randomized controlled trials indicates that increasing intake of or supplementing the diet with potassium, magnesium or calcium is not associated with prevention of hypertension, nor is it effective in reducing high blood pressure. Potassium supplementation may be effective in reducing blood pressure in patients with hypokalemia during diuretic therapy. RECOMMENDATIONS: For the prevention of hypertension, the following recommendations are made: (1) The daily dietary intake of potassium should be 60 mmol or more, because this level of intake has been associated with a reduced risk of stroke-related mortality. (2) For normotensive people obtaining on average 60 mmol of potassium daily through dietary intake, potassium supplementation is not recommended as a means of preventing an increase in blood pressure. (3) For normotensive people, magnesium supplementation is not recommended as a means of preventing an increase in blood pressure. (4) For normotensive people, calcium supplementation above the recommended daily intake is not recommended as a means of preventing an increase in blood pressure. For the treatment of hypertension, the following recommendations are made. (5) Potassium supplementation above the recommended daily dietary intake of 60 mmol is not recommended as a treatment for hypertension. (6) Magnesium supplementation is not recommended as a treatment for hypertension. (7) Calcium supplementation above the recommended daily dietary intake is not recommended as a treatment for hypertension. VALIDATION: These guidelines are consistent with the results of meta-analyses and recommendations made by other organizations. They have not been clinically tested. SPONSORS: The Canadian Hypertension Society, the Canadian Coalition for High Blood Pressure Prevention and Control, the Laboratory Centre for Disease Control at Health Canada, and the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada.  (+info)

*Spirulina (dietary supplement)

Cultivated worldwide, Arthrospira is used as a dietary supplement or whole food.[1] It is also used as a feed supplement in the ... Because spirulina is considered a dietary supplement in the U.S., no active, industry-wide regulation of its production occurs ... As an ecologically sound, nutrient-rich, dietary supplement, spirulina is being investigated to address food security and ... Toyomizu, M; Sato, K.; Taroda, H.; Kato, T.; Akiba, Y. (2001). "Effects of dietary Spirulina on meat colour in muscle of ...

*Tayberry

Dietary Fiber 6.5 g 20.3 Calcium 2.5E-14 g , 1 Iron 6.9E-16 g , 1 ...

*Dietary supplement

In order to qualify for the calcium health claim, a dietary supplement much contain at least 20% of the Reference Dietary ... An initial ruling allowing a health claim for calcium dietary supplements and osteoporosis was later amended to include calcium ... "Office of Dietary Supplements, US National Institutes of Health.. *^ a b "Structure/Function Claims". Office of Dietary ... including the Dietary Supplement Label Database,[5] Dietary Supplement Ingredient Database,[102] and Dietary Supplement Facts ...

*Williams syndrome

Dietary changes or medications may be required for high blood calcium. The syndrome was first described in 1961 by New ... Suggestions include avoidance of extra calcium and vitamin D, as well as treating high levels of blood calcium. Blood vessel ... Problems with teeth, heart problems, especially supravalvular aortic stenosis, and periods of high blood calcium are common. ... the most common being high blood calcium. Hypothyroidism has been reported to occur in children, although there is no proof of ...

*Fluoride

"Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D and Fluoride. Washington, DC: The National Academies ... Treatment may involve oral administration of dilute calcium hydroxide or calcium chloride to prevent further absorption, and ... Dietary recommendations[edit]. The U.S. Institute of Medicine (IOM) updated Estimated Average Requirements (EARs) and ... "Overview on Dietary Reference Values for the EU population as derived by the EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and ...

*Bone meal

... once was often used as a human dietary calcium supplement. Research in the 1980s found that many bone meal ... Bone meal, along with a variety of other meals, especially meat meal, is used as a dietary/mineral supplement for livestock. It ... Bone meal is also an excellent source of calcium, but does not provide enough nitrogen to be beneficial to plants. Plants can ... preparations were contaminated with lead and other toxic metals, and is no longer recommended as a calcium source. As a ...

*Gluten-sensitive enteropathy-associated conditions

The role of steatorrhea and dietary calcium in regulating intestinal oxalate absorption". The American Journal of Digestive ... Epilepsy has been noticed in a sampling of coeliac disease patients.[79] One prime example is calcium channel obstruction in ... Such calcium channel blockages can cause visual problems or partial field hallucinations (Paroxysmal visual manifestations).[83 ... The paper finds a link between GSE and IgA Nephropathy, but not between CD and Nephropathy.[102] Calcium oxalate correlates ...

*Kidney stone disease

Sufficient dietary intake of magnesium and citrate inhibits the formation of calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate stones; in ... Unlike supplemental calcium, high intakes of dietary calcium do not appear to cause kidney stones and may actually protect ... Calcium-containing stones[edit]. By far, the most common type of kidney stones worldwide contains calcium. For example, calcium ... calcium oxalate. Some studies[which?] suggest people who take calcium or vitamin D as a dietary supplement have a higher risk ...

*Vitamin D deficiency

"Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D : Health and Medicine Division". www.nationalacademies.org. Retrieved 2017- ... Ross AC, Taylor CL, Yaktine AL, Del Valle HB (2011). Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D. Washington, D.C: ... The body does this by increasing uptake of calcium by the kidneys and continuing to take calcium away from the bones. If ... To maintain blood levels of calcium, therapeutic vitamin D doses are sometimes administered (up to 100,000 IU or 2.5 mg daily) ...

*Rickets

Treatment involves increasing dietary intake of calcium, phosphates and vitamin D. Exposure to ultraviolet B light (most easily ... In the absence of vitamin D, dietary calcium is not properly absorbed, resulting in hypocalcaemia, leading to skeletal and ... Glorieux FH, Pettifor JM (2014). "Vitamin D/dietary calcium deficiency rickets and pseudo-vitamin D deficiency rickets". ... which in these circumstances is attributed to low dietary calcium intakes due to a mainly cereal-based diet. Those at higher ...

*Human nutrition

"Office of Dietary Supplements - Calcium". ods.od.nih.gov. Retrieved 2019-10-31.. ... Main article: Dietary fiber. Dietary fiber is a carbohydrate, specifically a polysaccharide, which is incompletely absorbed in ... a b c Dietary Reference Intakes: The Essential Guide to Nutrient Requirements, published by the Institute of Medicine's Food ... There is a debate[according to whom?] about how and to what extent different dietary factors - such as intake of processed ...

*Bone resorption

Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2011. 3, Overview of ... depending on the demand for calcium. Calcium-sensing membrane receptors in the parathyroid gland monitor calcium levels in the ... Institute of Medicine (US) Committee to Review Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin D and Calcium; Ross AC, Taylor CL, Yaktine ... This leads to a greater resorption of calcium and phosphate ions. High levels of calcium in the blood, on the other hand, leads ...

*Vitamin C

Ascorbate salts such as sodium ascorbate and calcium ascorbate are used in some dietary supplements. These release ascorbate ... In 2000 the North American Dietary Reference Intake chapter on vitamin C updated the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) to 90 ... First, within the normal range of dietary intake without additional dietary supplementation, are people who consume more ... E302 calcium ascorbate (approved for use as a food additive in the EU,[88] U.S.[89] and Australia and New Zealand)[90] ...

*Vitamin C

Ascorbate salts such as sodium ascorbate and calcium ascorbate are used in some dietary supplements. These release ascorbate ... In 2000 the North American Dietary Reference Intake chapter on vitamin C updated the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) to 90 ... First, within the normal range of dietary intake without additional dietary supplementation, are people who consume more ... E302 calcium ascorbate (approved for use as a food additive in the EU,[88] U.S.[89] and Australia and New Zealand)[90] ...

*Vitamin C

Ascorbate salts such as sodium ascorbate and calcium ascorbate are used in some dietary supplements. These release ascorbate ... In 2000 the North American Dietary Reference Intake chapter on vitamin C updated the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) to 90 ... First, within the normal range of dietary intake without additional dietary supplementation, are people who consume more ... E302 calcium ascorbate (approved for use as a food additive in the EU,[88] U.S.[89] and Australia and New Zealand)[90] ...

*Plateletpheresis

Hypocalcaemia can be curtailed by modestly increasing dietary calcium intake in the days prior to donation. Serious problems ... Because the anticoagulant works by binding to the calcium in the blood, a donor's levels of calcium - and especially of active ... While donating, a supply of calcium antacid tablets is usually kept close by to replenish the calcium lost. ... The lips may begin to tingle or there may be a metallic taste; since calcium enables the function of the nervous system, nerve- ...

*Kanker usus besar bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas

"Dietary calcium supplementation for preventing colorectal cancer and adenomatous polyps". Cochrane database of systematic ...

*Vitamin D

DRI, Dietary reference intakes: for calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin D, and fluoride. Washington, D.C: National Academy ... "In Ross AC, Taylor CL, Yaktine AL, Del Valle HB (eds.). Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D. The National ... Ross AC, Taylor CL, Yaktine AL, Del Valle HB (2011). Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D. Washington, D.C: ... "Vitamin D and Calcium: Updated Dietary Reference Intakes". Nutrition and Healthy Eating. Health Canada. December 5, 2008. ...

*Uncle Sam Cereal

... dietary fiber 10 g; soluble fiber 2 g; insoluble fiber 8 g; sugars less than 1 g. It contains the following daily values: ... vitamin C 2%; calcium 4%; iron 10%; thiamin 50%; riboflavin 50%; niacin 50%; phosphorus 20%; magnesium 25%. Ingredients: whole ...

*Dose (biochemistry)

Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D - NCBI Bookshelf". Retrieved 2017-04-07. Calcium, Institute of Medicine (US ... Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D - NCBI Bookshelf". Retrieved 2017-04-07. Calcium, Institute of Medicine (US ... Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D - NCBI Bookshelf". Retrieved 2017-04-07. "Office of Dietary Supplements - ... Calcium, Institute of Medicine (US) Committee to Review Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin D. and; Ross, A. Catharine; ...

*Colorectal cancer

Weingarten MA, Zalmanovici A, Yaphe J (January 2008). "Dietary calcium supplementation for preventing colorectal cancer and ... With regard to dietary fiber, the 2014 World Health Organization cancer report noted that it has been hypothesized that fiber ... There is tentative evidence for calcium supplementation, but it is not sufficient to make a recommendation.[95] Vitamin D ... Several large prospective cohort studies of dietary fibre and colon cancer risk have not supported an association, although an ...

*Weston Price

"Effects of Dietary Deficiencies". The Scientific Monthly, 50(5):463-464 Jones, Isaac H.; et al. (December 1950). "Nutrition and ... In 1925 he was attracted to calcium metabolism when he became an active student of nutrition. In the early 1930s, Price's ... and downplaying the significance of his dietary findings. Likewise, a review in the Journal of the American Medical Association ... research suggested vitamin B and mineral salts were important dietary components to prevent caries. In 1939, Price published ...

*Rickets

Treatment involves increasing dietary intake of calcium, phosphates and vitamin D. Exposure to ultraviolet B light (most easily ... Serum calcium may show low levels of calcium, serum phosphorus may be low, and serum alkaline phosphatase may be high from ... In the absence of vitamin D, dietary calcium is not properly absorbed, resulting in hypocalcaemia, leading to skeletal and ... Strontium is allied with calcium uptake into bones; at excessive dietary levels strontium has a rachitogenic (rickets-producing ...

*Cholecalciferol

"The 2011 report on dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D from the Institute of Medicine: what clinicians need to ... "Office of Dietary Supplements - Vitamin D". ods.od.nih.gov. 11 February 2016. Archived from the original on 31 December 2016. ... The LD50 is 16.8 mg/kg, but only 9.8 mg/kg if calcium carbonate is added to the bait.[34][35] ... Dietary reference intake values for vitamin D (cholecalciferol and/or ergocalciferol) have been established and recommendations ...

*Risk factors for breast cancer

Dietary calcium intake reduces the breast density. High calcium intake is associated with a reduced risk of benign ... In the Nurse's Health Study, a high dietary intake of calcium showed 33% lower risk of breast cancer. Cancer Prevention Study ... 2006). "Low-fat dietary pattern and risk of invasive breast cancer: the Women's Health Initiative Randomized Controlled Dietary ... Hypotheses Calcium reduces cell proliferation and induces differentiation in mammary glands. High calcium intake decreases fat- ...

*German Shepherd

... resorption can occur due to the body withdrawing calcium deposits from the skeletal frame as a last resort to fulfill dietary ... Appropriate calcium levels are vital in developing a strong skeletal system and aid in preventing orthopaedic diseases like ... Vitamins such as A and D also have crucial roles in bone development and maintenance by regulating bone and calcium metabolism. ... Imbalances in calcium and phosphorus levels can result in various skeletal complications.[66] Excess phosphorus can produce ...

*Cauliflower

100 grams of raw white cauliflower provides 25 calories, is low in fat, carbohydrates, dietary fiber and protein (table).[20] ...

*German Shepherd

... resorption can occur due to the body withdrawing calcium deposits from the skeletal frame as a last resort to fulfill dietary ... Appropriate calcium levels are vital in developing a strong skeletal system and aid in preventing orthopaedic diseases like ... Vitamins such as A and D also have crucial roles in bone development and maintenance by regulating bone and calcium metabolism. ... 64] Excess phosphorus can produce lesions in bones whereas excessive calcium can lead to hypocalcaemia and result in excess ...
In this prospective cohort study, total, dairy, or non-dairy calcium intake did not have an overall statistically significant inverse association with cardiovascular risk, except for a likely reduction of MI risk associated with a moderately higher dairy calcium intake. However, this study also suggests that MI risk might be substantially increased by taking calcium supplements.. The association between dietary calcium intake and MI risk has been rarely reported. In our cohort, a moderately higher dietary calcium intake (the third quartile, mean=820 mg/day) was statistically significantly associated with a 30% lower MI risk. However, this inverse association became non-significant for men (HR=0.80; 95% CI 0.56 to 1.14) but more significant for women (HR=0.43; 95% CI 0.22 to 0.82). A possible explanation for this gender-related disparity might be, if we assume that the observed inverse association was false, that a higher dietary calcium intake was associated with certain uncontrolled confounders ...
most emphasized one is the reducing of lipolysis and increasing lipogenesis via reducing parathyroid hormone levels. The present study is designed to evaluate the effects of nondairy dietary calcium on adipogenes is and adipocyte size in male Sprague dawley rats. This experimental study was done from November to September of 2005 at Tehran school of health; nutritiondepartment.48 male Spragu-Dawley rats from Damgostar Company were used in three randomly selected groups. The rats were fed low [0.2% W/W], usual [0.5% W/W] and high [1.2% W/W] dietary calcium based on AIN-93M purified diet. Rats were housed in 12 hours light-dark cycle, 22-25°C room temperature with free access to their respective diets. At the end of the experiment, rats were decapitated and carcass fat content, carcass ash content and mean adipocyte size in testis, peritoneal and subcutaneous fat pads were compared in three groups. The SPSS 11.5 was used as statistical software, running analysis of variance for comparing the ...
The correlation between measures for total daily calcium intake was moderately strong (r = 0.53, P < .001). The CFFFQ estimated greater total daily calcium intake than did the 24-hour recall (mean [SD], 1,021 [624] mg/d vs 800 [433] mg/d, P < .001). As daily calcium intake increased, the 24-hour recall increasingly underreported calcium (r = 0.41, P < .001) compared with the CFFFQ. Cross-tabulation and Χ2 analyses found that the CFFFQ had greater specificity for lower calcium intakes. For calcium classified by food groups, there was moderate correlation for dairy (r = 0.56, P < .001) and fruits (r = 0.43, P < .001). The CFFFQ overestimated mean total calcium compared with the 24-hour recall by 221 mg/d (P < .001), including within racial groups (195 mg/d for black women, P = .04, and 229 mg/d for white women, P < .001). Dairy was the primary calcium source for both groups (55% of intake for black women and 57% of intake for white women ...
New Delhi: June 18, 2016: Calcium is important for maintaining strong bones. It also helps in blood clotting, early developmental growth and muscle contraction and relaxation. Calcium can be easily obtained from natural food sources like leafy vegetables, yoghurt, nuts and cheese. However, the majority of the Indians, specifically in the age group of 14-20 years suffer from calcium deficiency due to lack of efficient absorption. "Calcium deficiency disease, also known as hypocalcemia, occurs when you dont get enough calcium. It is crucial that people are educated about the effects of calcium deficiency on the overall health and wellbeing of people in the long run. Those suspected of suffering from calcium deficiency should not self-diagnose and treat themselves by consuming large amounts of calcium supplements. Instead, it is important that they consult their doctor and together devise a healthy eating plan supported by supplementation," said Padma Shri Awardee Dr KK Aggarwal - Honorary ...
The current findings are consistent with trials of patients with renal failure, in which calcium supplements were associated with an increase in mortality.13 Few comparable data are available from observational studies of calcium supplements. One study reported a 24% increase in coronary heart disease in Finnish postmenopausal women using calcium supplements (with or without vitamin D) compared with non-users.37 Non-fatal myocardial infarction in US men using calcium supplements compared with non-users did not increase significantly, although the relative risk for each fifth of supplement intake ranged between 1.02 and 1.07.38. The relations between dietary calcium intake and cardiovascular events have also been examined. The inverse relation between calcium intake and standardised mortality ratios for ischaemic heart disease in the United Kingdom was strong.6 In two US prospective observational studies, women in the highest fourth of calcium intake had 30-40% lower cardiovascular mortality than ...
Sufficient calcium intake is required for bone health. Recommended daily calcium increases with age, reaching 1500 mg/day by the age of 65 years. Intake of calcium-rich foods tends to be inadequate, with a large proportion of predominantly older women taking high-dose calcium supplements1 to increase the … ...
Calcium is an essential mineral for several important functions in the body of an animal. Calcium is needed for the development of the fetal skeleton as well as for the secretion of milk in lactating females, making pregnant and nursing guinea pigs more prone to calcium deficiency if their increased nutritional needs are not being met. This related type of calcium deficiency usually develops in the one to two weeks before, or shortly after, giving birth. Also at higher risk of calcium deficiency are obese or stressed guinea pigs, or guinea pigs that have already been pregnant several times.
Increased calcium intake is effective in increasing bone mineral density in children, but the effect disappears when calcium supplements are discontinued. Increased dietary calcium from daily food sources may have a greater impact on bone density than that achieved by calcium supplements. However, studies have not yet demonstrated sustained achievement of increased calcium from food sources. In addition, the effects of baseline calcium intake, bone density, and puberty status may influence bone response to increased dietary calcium. This study will develop, implement, and evaluate a Behavioral Modification-Nutrition Education (BM-NE) Intervention Program designed to promote sustained increases in dietary calcium. The study will quantify the impact of increased dietary calcium on bone density during growth and development and will determine whether the presence of risk factors for low bone density influences compliance with the program.. Participants will be recruited into two groups: a group of ...
Calcium: In the past, doctors have recommended a low-calcium diet for those stone formers with high levels of calcium in their urine. The paradox here is that although reducing calcium in the diet does reduce levels of calcium in the urine, it also increases levels of oxalates in the urine. This is thought to be due to the fact that calcium inhibits the absorption of oxalate in the intestines. As mentioned above, hyperoxaluria (excessive urinary oxalate excretion) appears to play a more crucial role in the formation of stones than hypercalciuria (excessive urinary calcium excretion). This means that consumption of a low-calcium diet may actually raise your risk of forming stones, rather than decrease it as previously thought. Therefore, some experts advise eating a high-calcium (or at least normal-calcium) diet, rather than a low-calcium diet as many conventional doctors still suggest. With regards to calcium supplementation, studies have shown that taking calcium supplements between meals may ...
Several reports have found inverse associations between calcium intake and body weight. Few intervention studies have shown that a high calcium diet resulted in a greater body weight loss than a low calcium diet. The mechanism is not clear, but one possible explanation is reduced absorption of fat in the gut, due to formation of insoluble calcium fatty acid soaps or binding of bile acids which impairs the formation of micelles.. The aim of this study is to examined if a high calcium intake from dairy products, in diets high or normal in fat content, have an effect on fecal energy and fat excretion, concentrations of substrates involved in energy metabolism and blood pressure. ...
Question - Bruises on jaw lines and on my back under ribs. Low calcium levels. Due to calcium deficiency?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Calcium deficiency, Ask an Internal Medicine Specialist
The researchers calculated the number of disability-adjusted life years (DALYS) lost due to hip fractures associated with low nutritional calcium intake and the number of hip fractures that could potentially be prevented each year with intake of additional dairy products. The benefits were highest in France with 2023 prevented hip fractures, followed by Sweden (455) and the Netherlands (132). This represents a substantial health cost savings of approximately 129 million, 34 million and 6 million Euros in these countries, respectively. "Our study likely underestimates the potential cost savings of increased dietary calcium in that it relies on existing figures for the senior population and does not take into account the long-term benefits to the younger generation," said Rizzoli. He added, "Adequate nutritional intake and regular exercise during childhood and adolescence, both necessary for the development of peak bone mass, may contribute to bone strength and reduce the risk of osteoporosis and ...
Molecular mechanisms triggered by low-calcium diets - Volume 22 Issue 2 - Viviana Centeno, Gabriela Díaz de Barboza, Ana Marchionatti, Valeria Rodríguez, Nori Tolosa de Talamoni
Calcium Supplements Supplements in general are a good idea as we often dont get enough nutrition from our diets. Calcium supplements offer the follwing.. Calcium is the mineral most likely to be deficient in the average diet. Calcium deficiency is a condition that is now more and more common. Only 21 percent of us are getting the recommended amount of calcium, according to federal government statistics and thats why calcium supplements are a good idea.. The result of insufficient amounts of calcium in our bodies over the long term may be thinning bones, termed osteoporosis or the softening of bony tissue, called osteomalacia. The faulty metabolism of calcium during childhood may result in a condition called rickets. Recent research even points to calcium deficiency as being a possible cause of hypertension (high blood pressure) and of colon cancer. You. ve probably heard it many times before. You need calcium to prevent osteoporosis. But a lack of this mineral means more than weak bones. Key ...
BACKGROUND: Increased dietary calcium intake has been proposed as a population-based public health intervention to prevent osteoporotic fractures. We have examined whether calcium supplementation decreases clinical fracture risk in elderly women and its mechanism of action. METHODS: Five-year, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 1460 women recruited from the population and older than 70 years (mean age, 75 years) who were randomized to receive calcium carbonate, 600 mg twice per day, or identical placebo. The primary end points included clinical incident osteoporotic fractures, vertebral deformity, and adverse events ascertained in 5 years. Bone structure was also measured using dual x-ray absorptiometry of the hip and whole body, quantitative ultrasonography of the heel, and peripheral quantitative computed tomography of the distal radius. RESULTS: Among our patients, 16.1% sustained 1 or more clinical osteoporotic fractures. In the intention-to-treat analysis, calcium supplementation did not
article{8f6de3d8-e8c4-4931-8ade-d90d71d963ba, abstract = {,p,Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death. Little is known about whether prediagnostic nutritional factors may affect survival. We examined the associations of prediagnostic calcium intake from foods and/or supplements with lung cancer survival. Methods: The present analysis included 23,882 incident, primary lung cancer patients from 12 prospective cohort studies. Dietary calcium intake was assessed using food-frequency questionnaires at baseline in each cohort and standardized to caloric intake of 2,000 kcal/d for women and 2,500 kcal/d for men. Stratified, multivariable-adjusted Cox regression was applied to compute hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: The 5-year survival rates were 56%, 21%, and 5.7% for localized, regional, and distant stage lung cancer, respectively. Low prediagnostic dietary calcium intake (<500-600 mg/d, less than half of the recommendation) was associated with a ...
Major signs of calcium deficiency are skeletal problems: osteopenia, osteomalacia, osteoporosis, and rickets. Osteopenia is the problem wherein there is less than regular quantity of bone. If left untreated, it could lead to weakening of bones. Weakening of bones (from words permeable) is the condition where our bones lose its thickness, therefore, coming to be porous as well as brittle. Minor accidents like bumps and also small drops can trigger bone crack, or worse the bone may damage under its own weight.. Osteomalacia, which is rickets in kids, is a failing of the bones to retain minerals, among the clear indications of calcium deficiency, leading to a minimized amount of mineral content of the bone. In this problem, bones come to be soft, versatile, and also conveniently bendable resulting in bowed legs, sunken breasts (pectus excavatum), beaded ribs, sticking out breasts (pectus carnitum), large temples, and hyper extendable joints.. Signs of calcium shortage can appear in other ...
Many women are advised to take a calcium supplement for healthy bones-especially after menopause (when decreasing estrogen levels accelerate bone loss). In fact, the majority of American women over 31 take calcium supplements, says a 2010 study in The Journal of Nutrition.. But new research, published online in the British Medical Journal, might have you second-guessing a supplement. Scientists reported that postmenopausal women who took calcium supplements increased their risk of heart attack by 25 to 30 percent and stroke by 15 to 20 percent. Next: More Information on Calcium Supplements ». [pagebreak] Calcium supplements-unlike calcium-rich foods, such as milk-increase blood calcium levels for a few hours after theyre taken, says Ian Reid, M.D., the studys lead author. This bump may raise risk of heart disease-possibly because the calcium is deposited in the walls of the arteries, making them less pliable. Other experts think womens supplement habits shouldnt change, in part because ...
Calcium aids in development of strong bones and teeth. It also helps your heart, nerves, and muscles. Calcium deficiency often doesnt show symptoms right away, but leads to serious health problems over time. If calcium consumption isnt enough, your body may use the calcium from your bones instead, leading to bone loss.. Experts also believe that calcium deficiencies may be related to low bone mass and weakening of bones due to osteoporosis.. Calcium deficiency leads to convulsions and abnormal heart rhythm which can be life-threatening. Postmenopausal women experience greater bone loss due to changing hormones experiencing troubles absorbing calcium.The best sources of calcium are dairy products such as milk, yogurt, cheese, calcium-set tofu, and small fish with bones. Vegetables such as kale and broccoli also have calcium, and many cereals and grains are calcium-fortified.. ...
The University of Auckland Library Calcium supplements appear to increase cardiovascular risk, but the mechanism is unknown. We investigated the acute effects of calcium supplements on blood pressure in postmenopausal women. The reduction in systolic blood pressure was smaller after calcium compared with the placebo in the hours following dosing. INTRODUCTION: Calcium supplements appear to be associated with increased cardiovascular risk; however, the mechanism of this is uncertain. We previously reported that blood pressure declined over a day in older women, and that this reduction was smaller following a calcium supplement. To confirm this finding, we investigated the acute effects of calcium supplements on blood pressure. METHODS: This was a randomised controlled crossover trial in 40 healthy postmenopausal women (mean age 71 years and BMI 27.2 kg/m(2)). Women attended on two occasions, with visits separated by ???7 days. At each visit, they received either 1 g of calcium as citrate, or ...
Almost all women older than 50 are told to take calcium supplements to prevent bone loss. Hip fractures, spine fractures and other bone problems can cause a lot of pain and misery, not to mention early death. [...] I am reading that calcium pills themselves may lead to heart disease, stroke and premature death. Earlier research has shown that men who take calcium supplements (1,500 mg) are more likely to suffer a heart attack or stroke (JAMA Internal Medicine online, Feb. 4, 2013). The researchers found that those who ate a high-calcium diet (at least 1,400 mg/day) and also took calcium tablets (500 mg each) were more than twice as likely to die during the study as those whose diets contained between 600 and 999 mg of calcium daily. Overall, it appears that relying on dietary sources of calcium is safer and more likely to provide additional nutrients needed for bone strength, such as magnesium, vitamin K and vitamin D. The manufacturer offers this caution: Some people have had changes in behavior
The effect of calcium treatment did not differ by magnesium intake at baseline (test for interactions, P = 0.68). Previously, the study had shown that the effects of calcium supplementation on adenoma recurrence did not differ by baseline dietary intakes of calcium. We found no material change after adjustment for baseline dietary calcium intake. Thus, the suggestion of effect modification by the calcium:magnesium ratio cannot be attributed solely to the baseline dietary intake of either calcium or magnesium. Point estimates suggest that calcium reduces the risk of advanced adenoma regardless of the calcium:magnesium intake ratio level, a null finding that could be due to lack of statistical power. The effect of calcium on the risk of hyperplastic polyps did not differ by baseline calcium:magnesium intake ratio, but a protective effect of calcium on hyperplastic polyps was observed when baseline magnesium intake was below the median (test for interaction, P = 0.05) (eTable1, ...
Dr. G. J. Hofmeyr, of the University of the Witwatersrand/University of Fort Hare,East London, South Africa, and colleagues conducted a systematic review of 12 clinical trials, involving over 15,500 women, that compared at least 1 gram of calcium daily during pregnancy with an inactive "placebo" supplement.. Most of the women were at low risk for pregnancy complications, but they had low levels of calcium in their diet. Compared with placebo, calcium supplementation was associated with less high blood pressure and less preeclampsia, the investigators report in the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.. No overall effect was seen on the risk of preterm birth or stillbirth or infant death before hospital discharge.. "Calcium supplementation during pregnancy for women with deficient dietary calcium intake offers modest benefit for individual women," Hofmeyrs team concludes.. "However, a public health policy of calcium supplementation during pregnancy is unlikely to have a major impact on ...
Of all the bioactive components in milk, it is primarily calcium and vitamin D that have been studied for their effects on body weight and fat mass. A high calcium intake may lead to the calcium-mediated formation of insoluble soaps, which prevent fat absorption by binding bile acids. Other milk components that may also have a favourable effect on body weight include dairy proteins (both casein and whey protein) that have been suggested to decrease visceral fat mass and body weight. Whey seems to have an important role in muscle sparing and lipid metabolism. In addition, reduced lipogenesis and increased lipolysis may explain the favourable impact of dairy on weight and fat mass.. The prebiotic function of lactose may impact on body weight and subsequently also on the comorbidities associated with overweight and obesity. Although not directly related to lactose as a prebiotic, animal studies have shown that prebiotics (fructans) lead to reduced body-weight gain and fat deposition, and protect ...
Consume adequate amount of calcium every day. You can get enough calcium from food items like milk (120mg/100g), yogurt (120 mg/100g) and cheese (700mg/100g) reducing calcium intake may not decrease risk of stone formation but can lead to osteopenia. Moreover, reduced calcium consumption increases oxalate stone formation ...
Eye twitching calcium deficiency - What kind of deficiency causes under eye twitching? Twitching. Mostly excess cafein nicotine low calcium.
Natures Way Alive Calcium 100% whole food calcium & vitamin C plus vitamin D3, vitamin K2, magnesium, boron and synergistic minerals. All of the calcium in Alive! Calcium is from plant sources: Lithothamnion (calcified red algae seaweed) sustainably harvested from pristine Icelandic waters, plus organic kale, spinach and collard greens. Easier for your body to digest While many supplements contain calcium from limestone rock or animal bones, Alive! Calcium provides calcium and 70+ trace minerals in a natural food matrix that may be easier for the body to digest, absorb and utilize. Promote Healthy Bones Adequate calcium intake throughout life, as part of a well-balanced diet and regular exercise, may reduce the risk of osteoporosis. Taking Alive! Calcium provides 1,000mg of calcium. Enhanced Absorption: Vitamin D3 in the formula enhances your bodys ability to absorb & use calcium. Stronger Bones: Magnesium & Vitamin C in the formula help your body maintain bone density. Gets to
The present study showed that a high-calcium diet markedly attenuated the development of experimental two-kidney DOC-NaCl hypertension in rats. Moreover, calcium supplementation not only slowed the rate of ascending blood pressure10 but also had a persistent long-term antihypertensive effect. Also, the DOC-NaCl-induced cardiac hypertrophy was alleviated, thus supporting the concept of reduced cardiac afterload and peripheral resistance after calcium supplementation.23 ACh relaxes arteries via the release of several factors from endothelial cells, the most prominent autacoids being NO, prostacyclin, and EDHF. Subsequently, NO stimulates soluble guanylate cyclase, elevating intracellular cGMP in smooth muscle; prostacyclin acts via adenylate cyclase and cAMP, and EDHF dilates arteries via the opening of K+ channels.15 24 Impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation to ACh has often been observed in studies of experimental hypertension,25 26 27 and in the present investigation, the relaxations to ACh ...
Is your body calcium deficient & are you searching for measures to prevent it? Your search ends here as weve got exhaustive tips to prevent calcium deficiency!
Adcal-D3 Chewable Tablets Fruit FlavouredAdcal-D3 is a dietary supplement containing calcium and vitamin D3 for those needing to increase their calcium and vitamin D levels, for example those with osteoporosis, osteomalacia (softening of the bone), or vitamin D and calcium deficiency. It can also be advised during pregnancy. Calcium supplements may be recommended at stages in your life when your calcium requirement increases, e.g. during pregnancy, while breastfeeding or with advancing age (after the menopause in women), to prevent calcium deficiency. A calcium intake that is twice the recommended daily allowance (RDA) may slow the rate of bone loss and reduce the risk of fractures.Adcal-D3 also contains Vitamin D3. Vitamin D is needed for calcium to be absorbed from the gut - a deficiency can lead to low calcium levels, even if you are getting enough calcium from your diet, which can subsequently lead to a weakening of the bones. Vitamin D3 is primarily obtained from sunlight on the skin, so a ...
Baidyanath Prawal Pishti is used in cough, phthisis (pulmonary tuberculosis), calcium deficiency, rickets, teething troubles of children. Indicated in Raktapitta and hyper acidity. Baidyanath Prawal Pishti Indications: * Cough * Pulmonary Haemorrhage
I trust by now you will have realized that context and form is "everything". By supplying calcium in its biologically appropriate form, there is a huge leeway in terms of amounts of calcium and calcium to phosphorus ratio. That is why you can supply lots of bones or fewer bones in the diet and still achieve the same result. However, there is a certain point at which bone reduction and meat increase becomes critical to bone growth and mineralization. This huge buffering capacity of evolutionary nutrition as opposed to fake industrial food - which has a very narrow window in relation to dietary calcium levels and calcium to phosphorus ratio - cannot be explained in terms of our current scientific understanding. The best we can say is to achieve the results we want, all we need do is follow basic evolutionary principles. When we do that, we can throw away our limited scientific understanding and rely on the genes that we know will respond appropriately to food to which they are genetically designed ...
Weakness in bones? Grab a calcium supplement, advice the doctors. But have you thought about the way intake of extra calcium can affect your body. This important nutrient that is essential for healthy bones may become a reason for heart disease and other complications if taken in excess quantities.. Calcium and bone health. Bone health is dependent on calcium intake but research has indicated that large amounts of calcium consumed by older women may expose the women to heart disorders and even other complications like death.. The Swedish research study. A sample of women who were born in the period from 1914-1948 was collected, and a research study was done on them by Swedish Researchers. The follow-up research was carried out on almost 61,433 women for about 19 years. The researchers prepared a questionnaire to keep an account of the diet taken by the ladies and the intake of the calcium supplements they took. The study confirmed the reasons for death recorded by the Swedish government ...
From an article in Life Extension magazine dated November 2010, I feel better about the calcium supplements I take. On July 30th, 2010 a meta-analysis published in the British Journal Of Medicine reported that calcium supplementation was associated with a significant increase in risk for heart attack. According to the Life Extension Magazine article and comment by Steven Joyal MD, the published analysis was not accurate. In addition four of the contributing authors of the meta-analysis were INVOLVED IN THE PHARMACEUTICAL DEVELOPMENT TRIALS INVOLVING CALCIUM SUPPLEMENTATION, INCLUDING WYETH, MISSION PHARMACAL, SHIRE PHARMACEUTICALS AND NYCOMED. The article goes on to say that in a biased and horrifically flawed analysis, a group of doctors came to the conclusion that calcium supplements increase heart attack risk by 27%. ...
The only external source of calcium for the body is the diet, which has led to assumptions that dietary calcium influences the health of the skeleton. The major food sources of calcium in the UK are dairy products. Other sources include green leafy vegetables, products of white flour (due to its fortification with calcium carbonate), tofu and the soft bones of fish. Table 1 gives examples of some calcium-rich foods.. [[NIP10_table1_57]]. Average intakes for dietary calcium have declined over time, mainly due to a decline in milk and bread consumption. The debate about whether we are eating enough calcium has been ongoing for many years, and the uncertainties that remain are reflected by the differences in the recommended daily allowances in various countries. What is clear is that calcium intake must be sufficient to meet the biological requirement if optimal bone development is to be achieved, and therefore must be sufficient to provide an adequate amount, once absorption efficiency and ...
BEGINNER: Use 5 g (1 level teaspoon) per 150 L (40 US gallons) twice a week. For precise dosing, use the Seachem Digital Spoon Scale. Dissolve in at least 250 mL (1 cup) of freshwater. Check calcium every 2 weeks and adjust amount or frequency accordingly. ADVANCED: Check calcium level, then follow addition regimen above until calcium is adjusted to 380-420 mg/L. Each 5 g/150 L will raise calcium by about 12 mg/L. Quantity or frequency can be adjusted, but do not exceed 10 g/150 L per day. Thereafter, use as required to maintain calcium.. EXPERT: After determining the calcium consumption rate, set up a continuous drip system. Use the following formula to determine how much to add to your top-off water: m=vc/400 (m=grams to add to top off water, v=volume of tank in liters, c=amount to raise calcium in mg/L). [For reference: 1 gallon=3.8 liters, 5 g=1 teaspoon]. DO NOT OVERDOSE: Excess calcium may enhance the loss of carbonate alkalinity. Do not directly mix with any carbonate supplement. Best if ...
Free Shipping on most orders over $60. Great Low Price. Oral calcium & B-vitamin gel with buffer, for hypocalcemic fresh cows. Elevates serum calcium levels. Helps maintain normal calcium levels during freshening and post partum periods. Give one tube at first sign of freshening, then another tube 6-12 hrs. post calving. Repeat every 12 hrs. as needed. Requires 3-tab dosing gun for administration.Cal-C-Fresh Oral Calcium Supplement for Dairy Cows Vets Plus Calcium Gels | Dairy | Farm
Calcium is an important component of bone, and a sufficient intake of calcium is needed for bone homoeostasis. Calcium supplements can reduce the risk of fractures in elderly women who are deficient in calcium and vitamin D, but data on the risk of adverse effects on cardiovascular outcomes have so far been inconclusive. In their accompanying paper, Bolland and colleagues report a preplanned secondary analysis of their randomised controlled trial of calcium supplements in 1471 postmenopausal women. They analysed the effect of calcium supplements on myocardial infarction, stroke, and sudden death.1. Calcium and vitamin D supplements have been shown to reduce the risk of hip fractures in elderly institutionalised women who are deficient in calcium and vitamin D.2 More recent large trials based in the community have been negative, but this may have been the result of poor adherence,3 which is particularly important for calcium to be effective. Benefit has been … ...
As steadfast as they are about their protein intake, bodybuilders often seem to forgo minerals by undermining their importance. As a result, the consequences of doing so come as a rude shock.. Calcium is the most abundant mineral found in our entire body. It regulates the heartbeat and helps in keeping blood pressure steady. It is also facilitates blood clotting, maintenance and formation of bones and teeth, and the conduction of electrical impulses in the nervous system.. A major share of the calcium present in our bodies is stored in the bones and teeth. The rest is usually found in blood, muscles, and other bodily tissues and fluid. In case your meals lack adequate amounts of calcium, the body will source the mineral out of your bones, weakening them in the long run. As a consequence, you may become susceptible to osteoporosis, which is the loss of bone mass. Since bones continually undergo repair throughout your lifetime, adequate calcium intake is necessary, irrespective of your age. Female ...
Do calcium supplements make your bones weaker? As you may know, calcium is critical for the quality of your life, and especially as you age. However, I dont recommend calcium supplements. So, youll likely want to know where to get that calcium. I am repeatedly asked where I get mine, since I eat so little dairy.
Short food frequency questionnaire can discriminate inadequate and adequate calcium intake in Croatian postmenopausal women Journal Article published Sep 2007 in Nutrition Research volume 27 issue 9 on pages 542 to 547 Authors: Zvonimir Šatalić, Irena Colić Barić, Ivana Cecić, Irena Keser. ...
A longterm, double blind intervention trial was undertaken in patients with sporadic adenoma treated by polypectomy to investigate the putative role of calcium as a protective factor in colon carcinogenesis. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of a daily dietary supplementation of 2 g calcium over nine months on cell proliferation measured as proliferation index in colonic mucosa. A total of 48 patients were entered into the study of which 30 were fully compliant. After intervention proliferation index % (mean (SEM) in colonic epithelium was decreased in both the calcium (13.5 (1.5) to 11.4 (1.2)) and the placebo group (13.7 (0.9) to 10.8 (1.1)). The difference in the change between the two groups was not significant (p = 0.7). Changes in proliferation index % of crypt compartments were also not significantly different between the two groups. A significantly positive correlation between soluble calcium in faeces and the total proliferation index % in colonic epithelium at baseline and ...
Calcium supplements work to strengthen the bones but they may break the heart. A new study by the National Institutes of Health finds calcium supplements are linked to heart disease in men.
Dont take chances - take Os-Cal.TITLE: Os-Cal 500 Calcium Supplement, Tablets - 75ea Among calcium supplement brands Os-Cal is: Most doctor recommended;...
Taking too much calcium will actually cause you to absorb less of it. Its the bodys natural way of protecting itself. Take no more than 500 mg calcium at once. Excessive sodium, caffeine and alcohol intake can increase calcium loss, so its important to replace the calcium (and other minerals) you might be losing in these cases. People living in areas with high levels of calcium in the drinking water, or people who consume more calcium from their diet, may not need to supplement as much calcium. Oxalate and phytate compounds found in certain vegetables and grains reduce calcium absorption. If youre trying to get your calcium from vegetables in a non-dairy, non-supplemented diet, you may have to consume a lot more calcium from food than you would from milk or from a supplement.. Thats enough info for one sitting. Stay tuned for part 2 where we will examine the different forms of calcium used in calcium supplements and discover whats what and whats best!. Image by © 2011 Kalinovsky Dmitry ...
On "The Gary Null Show" today, Gary discussed these topics as well as give his own commentary on a few subjects and listens to what you have to say. Click on the links to read after listen to Gary discuss these topics.. Couple Sentenced to Prison for Seeking Natural Remedies for Sons Illness. Consumption of omega-3s linked to lower risk of fatal heart disease. Low CoQ10 levels linked with neurodegeneration: Study. Dose of nature is just what the doctor ordered, scientists say. Eating more broccoli may lower heart disease, cancer risk. Exercise can boost your childs brain power, and help them score in exams. Daily calcium intake of 1,000 or 2,000 mg best for rickets. Probiotics may prevent breast cancer: Study. The healing powers of music: Mozart and Strauss for treating hypertension. Gary goes to a music break and plays this jam: Teddy Pendergrass - I Dont Love You Anymore. Gary returns to discuss some issues. The age Of political stupid by Michael Roberts. Constitutional convention ...
Amid bad press in the latter half of last year, calcium supplement sales declined. But some bone health experts argue that calcium is still essential to bone health-with no cardiovascular risk whatsoever.
Save 36% Pure Essence Labs - Ionic-Fizz Super D-K Calcium Plus Raspberry Lemonade 420 Grams Ionic Fizz Super D-K Calcium Plus Non-GMO Vital Co-Factor Neededs For Strong Bones* Add to Water No Sugar When mixed with water, the citrate, malate, and ascorbate in Ionic-Fizz Super D-K Calcium Plus converts the mineral salts into pure mineral ions. This results in superior absorption and bioavailability. It is formulated with a a balance of calcium and magnesium, vitamin D3 and vitamin K2 (as menaquinone MK-7), and other nutrients that strong bones require. Adequate calcium and vitamin D throughout life, as part of a well-balanced diet, may reduce the risk of osteoporosis.* Ionic-Fizz Super D-K Calcium Plus does not contain artificial colorings or flavorings, GMOs, sugar, yeast, gluten, wheat, and is suitable for vegetarians.
Save 36% Pure Essence Labs - Ionic-Fizz Super D-K Calcium Plus Raspberry Lemonade 420 Grams Ionic Fizz Super D-K Calcium Plus Non-GMO Vital Co-Factor Neededs For Strong Bones* Add to Water No Sugar When mixed with water, the citrate, malate, and ascorbate in Ionic-Fizz Super D-K Calcium Plus converts the mineral salts into pure mineral ions. This results in superior absorption and bioavailability. It is formulated with a a balance of calcium and magnesium, vitamin D3 and vitamin K2 (as menaquinone MK-7), and other nutrients that strong bones require. Adequate calcium and vitamin D throughout life, as part of a well-balanced diet, may reduce the risk of osteoporosis.* Ionic-Fizz Super D-K Calcium Plus does not contain artificial colorings or flavorings, GMOs, sugar, yeast, gluten, wheat, and is suitable for vegetarians.
The recommended dose of iron each day are 8.7 mg for men (19-64 years), 14.8 mg for women (19-50 years), and 8.7 mg a day for women (50-64 years). Foods rich in iron include pig liver, black pudding, venison, red meat, seafood (cockles, mussels, canned tuna in oil), and tahini paste.. Calcium is usually needed for bones and teeth, but it also helps with the release of hormones and neurotransmitters that pass messages from one brain cell to another. Adults (19-64 years) need 700 mg of calcium a day.. Calcium of course, is abundant in dairy products - a pint of milk provides as much as 720 mg calcium. Other calcium-rich foods include green vegetables like kale (135 mg calcium per 100 g) and cooked broccoli (40 mg calcium per 100 g); chia seeds (just three tablespoons can provide an impressive 177 mg calcium); soy beans like tofu (200 mg calcium per 100 g); and sardines (382 mg calcium per 100 g if you eat their bones).. Chromium maintains normal blood sugar levels and activates insulin receptors. ...
The guidelines contain 27 statements that fall broadly into the categories of evaluation, diet therapies, pharmacologic therapies, and follow-up. All patients diagnosed with a stone should have a screening evaluation that consists of dietary intake, medical therapies, serum chemistries, urinalysis, and urine culture, said Dr. Pearle, professor of urology and internal medicine at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas. The evaluation is aimed at identifying medical conditions associated with stone formation, such as primary hyperparathyroidism or type 2 diabetes, dietary aberrations, such as low or high calcium intake or excessive intake of animal protein, or medications such as topiramate, she told listeners ...
By Andrew M. Seaman, ReutersNEW YORK - Older women shouldnt take vitamin D and calcium supplements to prevent broken bones, and theres not enough evidence to say whether it would help anyone else either, says a U.S. government-backed panel. B
Using calcium mined from fossilized coral, chewable Herb Cal® Tab is a superior calcium supplement. Its formulated with concentrated herbal extracts, enzymes, and vitamin D2 to enhance absorption.. Calcium is necessary for building strong bones and teeth.* Adequate intake of calcium may reduce the risk of osteoporosis. Regular exercise and a healthy diet with enough calcium helps teen and young adult white and Asian women maintain good bone health and may reduce their high risk of osteoporosis later in life. Calcium helps the nervous system work properly.* It helps muscles contract and blood to clot.*. A superior calcium supplement, Herb Cal® Tab contains calcium from a combination of carbonate, citrate, and gluconate forms mined from fossilized coral for purity. Many other brands contain calcium from oyster shell, which may contain lead, mercury, arsenic or other heavy metals from industrial run-off. Each tab contains 250 mg of calcium, 25% of the recommended daily value.. ...
Buy Chelated Calcium Magnesium Zinc 250 Caplets & other Calcium Supplements. Puritans Pride offers a high quality Calcium / Magnesium / Zinc supplement.
Calcium is important for bone health, so doctors often recommend calcium supplements for people with osteoporosis. But because calcium deposits are also found…
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Do you need a calcium supplement? Learn about calcium side effects as well as benefits of calcium. The latest womens health advice from LifeScript.com.
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Its often said that one must drink more milk and have dairy products to increase calcium intake. But, do you realize that though milk has calcium, it is not reality easily absorbed by the body
Does the brain have a regular "beat", similar to a heart? Not necessarily a physical throb, but more a repeating set of signals that it sends out regularly? The reason this question came up is I got a calcium deficiency a few days ago, and experience the tell-tale sign of a "regular buzzing". My curiosity was sparked while Looking into this, the buzzing is supposedly caused by nerve signals misfiring in the affected area... but as I read more reports online by people experiencing the same thing, the area of the buzzing could vary significantly, but the timing was almost always the same 3-5 seconds of buzz followed by 3-5 seconds of stoppage. Since the area affected and amount of calcium deficiency is variable, the only commonality for timing seemed to be its connection to the nervous system. So, this got me asking, is this indicative of a regular brain signal, a "brain beat"? That the body would have such a thing makes sense, every part of the body could use the same brain-beat for its timing ...
I switched my laying hens to grower feed because I now have a mixed age flock. I put out oyster shells also. The last week or so, it seems the eggs...
Discover the benefits of organic plant calcium supplements made from organic algae, not limestone. Improve your bone health naturally.
Researchers at the University of Western Sydney reviewed data from 63,897 participants in 29 clinical trials to reaffirm that calcium supplements reduce the risk of fractures in older individuals,published in the August 25, 2007 issue of The Lancet.
Microcrystalline Hydroxyapatite (MCHC) has all the minerals found in bone that can help prevent many health conditions, such as osteoporosis. Its an all natural supplement that contains nothing artificial. MCHC is made from whole bone, so vegans or vegetarians make not look into getting this calcium supplement. MCHC is ideal for all ages because it does not contain any side effects ...
Question - Unable to focus. Given vitamin and calcium supplements. Stopped milk, sugar and wheat. What can be done?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Behavioral disorder, Ask a Psychiatrist, Child
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Older people who take calcium supplements to protect against bone fractures are putting themselves at increased risk of having heart attacks and strokes, new research indicates.
The effectiveness hinges on women taking the recommended dose; some in the first report didnt.Two months after a huge clinical trial concluded that calcium supplements dont do much to protect
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Bone Broth-Bone broth has been all the rage these days, and for good reason. While Im not sure bone broth is a panacea for every ailment out there (as its been advertised in recent trends), I definitely think there are some gut benefits to it. Bone broth can help heal a leaky gut and soothe an inflamed digestive system. Bone broth is also a rich source of calcium, meaning if you have a hard time getting enough of it in your diet, you can certainly use bone broth to supplement calcium consumption ...
Including calcium-rich foods in your familys daily diet helps ensure healthy bones and teeth in kids as well as prevent osteoporosis later in life....
Calcium glycinate like other compounds is used in making good-quality and effective calcium supplements. In addition to assisting in overcoming calcium deficiency in the body, there are some other health benefits of calcium glycinate as well. Lets explore what these benefits are. First of all, people who have used calcium glycinate supplements have reported back…. Details ...
Put your best (and strongest) foot forward and face calcium deficiency head on with Salus Calcium Magnesium liquid. This highly absorbable liquid tonic combines calcium with magnesium, zinc, and vitamin D, promoting maximum calcium absorption where its needed, in the bones,* helping them stay strong and healthy. In fa
... typically results from the intake of bad form of calcium or from your body not being able to utilise calcium properly, due to thyroid weakness, stress, acidosis, adrenal gland weakness, etc. Often calcium at toxic levels is at the same time combined with calcium deficiency, which seems contradictory but is not. This article discusses the good and bad types of calcium...
Safeguarding out bodies against vitamin and pigment deficiencies should be our class one precedence. The succeeding guidelines can forbear if you are on of the 20 cardinal group out there using medication drugs.. Metal. Metal is the ordinal mineral that can be insufficient by action medicine drug. These drugs permit diuretics such as Bumex, Demadex, Diuril, and Lasix, as symptomless as, pearl building drugs equal Fosamax and anti-inflammation steroids Cortef and cortone can be deplete metal in the body. You can ply prevent calcium deficiency by ingestion foods deluxe in metal. Foods abundant in calcium are Cole, Steal, Farm, and crucifer, if you do not spend several servings a day of these vegetables you mightiness count taking a metal attach.. Coenzyme Q10. Coenzyme Q10 is an enzyme indispensable to the crebs ride (Life production pedal in the body), if you are winning sterol medication Statins such as Statin, Statin, Statin, Statin, or Statin you will be at danger of Coenzyme Q10 depletion. ...
Death by Calcium - Proof of the Toxic Effects of Dairy and Calcium Supplements" by Tom Levy, MDby Tom Levy, MD on May 15th, 2014. For the most part, vitamin and mineral supplementation impacts very positively on the overall health of the population, in spite of much of the aggressive and irrational attacks lead by the pharmaceutical industry. However, the evidence is now overwhelming that one of the most popular supplements ever, with the ongoing support of most conscientious physicians and other healthcare practitioners, is in fact very toxic and should never be chronically supplemented. The supplement is calcium, in any form, although some forms are more toxic than others. Furthermore, it is now clear that excess dietary calcium, as is realized with the routine ingestion of milk and other calcium-laden dairy foods, is also a toxic and life-shortening practice. ...
To help you meet your calcium requirement, here are three calcium-packed meals, including a 385-calorie breakfast, a 400-calorie lunch, and a 500-calorie dinner.
Thats the conclusion of one European study. Published in the journal Heart, researchers found that increasing calcium intake might not provide significant...
It is well established that many peoples diets are deficient in the two essential bone-making nutrients, calcium and magnesium, and that low calcium intakes can contibute to osteoporosis. The DoH recommends that women should have an intake of up to 1200mg of calcium per day, a level that is hard to achieve through the diet alone, especially if the diet contains little dairy produce. - Minerals
Many dont realize that a good diet can enhance growth during this vital time. Its very important to eat foods that are rich in protein, calcium, amino acids, and calories. You can find these nutrients in dairy products, red meat, fresh green veggies, and fruit. Calcium in particular is very important for bone health. If you dont see why bone health is important for growing tall, you will once you realize that calcium deficiency, as well as a lack of any vital nutrient, can result in your bones weakening, breaking, and even shrinking, making you even shorter than you were before. However, with a good diet, you can provide your body with the energy it needs to keep you healthy and replenish depleted sources ...
Calcium is essential for many functions in the body, including: Calcium is a mineral found in many foods. Getting enough of this nutrient is important ...
is it normal. i want to ask , can this level of serum calcium may cause problem??please reply as soon as possible. Reply Follow This Thread Stop Following This Thread Flag this Discussion ...
This might be an issue for many of us, who are supplementing Ca in order to adjust for our Vit D intake. http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/20 ... 191154.htm How comes the lable a 30% increase of incidence a modest increase in risk - ...
Information, guidance and support for readers interested in applying the principles of The Blood Type Diet as outlined by The New York Times best-selling author Dr. Peter DAdamo.
Mitochondria: The Hub of Cellular Ca2+ Signaling (not only localize calcium signals, but intook calcium stimulates increased energy production. Thus, calcium may be used by a variety of different processes whose onset will require more energy ...
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Christine Kostbade of Burr Ridge, who lists her age as 70ish, reads health magazines and takes a daily calcium tablet. She works out at The Du Page Club nearly every day, alternating water
Thanks for taking my question. I recently had a CT-Angiogram that revealed a high calcium (CAC) score of 739. My cardiologist has been somewhat evasive as to how bad this is but he did immediately p...
Its well documented that Ca2+ performs a significant position in organic membrane fusion phenomena when other cations listed higher than are ineffective in many this kind of devices. Hence its most suitable with the body. As a result, calcium may be the best suited divalent cation claimed for planning cochleates and consequently used in the existing get the job done. The addition of calcium ions for the SPC and cholesterol vesicles induces fusion of lipid membranes plus the formation of planar sheet which eventually coil about an initial issue of folding to variety cochleates cylinder. The obtained nanocochleates were being bigger in measurement and demonstrated superior EE (76.sixty nine ± three.41%) as as opposed with vesicle. Our report is the main to exhibit the quercetin encapsulation benefits of nanocochleates. Their unfavorable zeta potential is probably a result of the anionic nature from the used SPC ...
Find the best calcium supplements, best sources of calcium, foods and natural sources of calcium and recommended daily intake. All testing done independently by ConsumerLab.com.
- CALCIUM AND GIRLSTwelve-year-old girls given a calcium supplement developed stronger bones that could help lower their susceptibility to osteoporosis later in life, according to a recent study.
Calcium glycinate like other compounds is used in making good-quality and effective calcium supplements. In addition to assisting in overcoming calcium
If shes not eating calcium rich foods or taking calcium supplements that may be something to try, if her doctor agrees. If she can take walks if her pain isnt too bad that will help also. If her doctor can figure out why she has this then that may help decide what treatment would be effective for her ...
AIMS: To measure the nutritive value of pasture in terms of digestible energy intake (DEI) and dry matter (DM) digestibility, and the effects of increased calcium (Ca) intakes on apparent mineral absorption and bone characteristics in grazing weanling Thoroughbreds. METHODS: DM intake (DMI) and DEI were determined in 16 weanling Thoroughbreds grazing pasture from their daily faecal DM output, measured over 8 days, divided by the DM indigestible fraction (1-digestible DM) determined in a 6-day digestibility trial. The DM, gross energy content, crude protein, soluble carbohydrate, acid detergent fibre, neutral detergent fibre, lipid, Ca, phosphorus (P), sodium (Na), potassium(K), sulphur (S) and magnesium (Mg) composition of perennial ryegrass/white clover pasture and faeces were determined and their digestibility and/or apparent absorption calculated. Calcium intake and bone growth studies used 17 weanlings, randomly divided into three groups and fed perennial ryegrass/white clover pasture and ...
1. Chromatography measurements indicated that adult rats converted 25-hydroxycholecalciferol into 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol at a lower rate than that reported earlier for young animals. In serum, less-polar metabolites were found which probably represented vitamin D esters and vitamin D3.. 2. A low dietary intake of calcium resulted in an evident increase in the fraction corresponding to 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol in the kidneys and also in the intestinal mucosa and serum.. 3. Inclusion of 0·67 mmol of cadmium/l of drinking water at a low dietary intake of calcium resulted in an increased accumulation of both cadmium and zinc in the kidneys and liver compared with values at a normal dietary calcium intake.. 4. At a normal dietary calcium intake, cadmium exposure caused inhibited production of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol by the kidneys and an increased accumulation of 24,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol, vitamin D3 and vitamin D esters in the serum.. 5. The inhibitory effect of cadmium on ...
Science is still trying to determine the role of vitamin K2 in bone health, but we know for sure that vitamin D is required for proper calcium utilization, and magnesium is required to activate vitamin D. We also know that magnesium plays an important role in making sure that calcium doesnt calcify the tissues and organs throughout our body.. Other studies also have shown that manganese, vanadium, boron, silica, zinc, and copper in trace amounts are also important for bone health.. Taking calcium supplements without its essential co-factors can have negative health consequences. But with its essential co-factors (especially magnesium), calcium supplements can play an important role in preventing osteoporosis.. Is There a Problem With Calcium Supplements or Is It Magnesium Deficiency?. The big problem occurs when we take vitamin D with calcium supplements. Its true that vitamin D is needed for proper absorption of calcium, but vitamin D also depletes our body of magnesium. Thats because ...
Methods for making artificially sweetened calcium fortified beverages and beverage concentrates, and the stable beverage and beverage concentrates formed thereby; calcium-supplemented beverages and be
The good news is most people can obtain their calcium needs from dairy foods with a few adjustments. First, start with small amounts of milk at meals and slowly increase to what you can tolerate.. Second, eat low-fat dairy products such as yogurt or cheese. These dairy foods contain lesser amounts of lactose.. And finally, lactose-free milk and milk products or calcium-fortified foods are other good choices for meeting your calcium needs.. ...
Recently we have shown that supplemental dietary calcium precipitates luminal cytolytic surfactants and thus inhibits colonic epithelial proliferation, which may decrease the risk of colon cancer. In Western diets, milk products are quantitatively the most important source of dietary calcium. However, they also contain large amounts of phosphate, which has been hypothesized to inhibit the antiproliferative effect of calcium. Therefore, we studied in rats the possible differential antiproliferative effects of dairy calcium, calcium carbonate, and calcium phosphate, supplemented to a Western high-risk control diet. We observed that fecal bile acid excretion was similar in the various diet groups, whereas fatty acid excretion was stimulated by the calcium supplements in the order calcium carbonate , calcium phosphate , milk mineral. In fecal water, concentrations of bile acids and fatty acids were drastically decreased in the supplemented groups, resulting in decreased cytolytic activity of fecal ...
This study included 267 SCA cases and 445 control subjects whose serum calcium levels were measured during routine medical care. All SCA cases had had serum calcium levels measured in the 90 days prior to their cardiac arrest.. The Oregon SUDS collaborates with emergency responders and hospitals in the Portland, OR metro area to identify all cases of sudden cardiac arrest. This enabled researchers to collect comprehensive patient medical history from the time prior to their cardiac arrest.. Each patient`s total serum calcium was corrected by their serum albumin level to estimate a more physiologically relevant corrected calcium level.SCA cases had a significantly higher percentage of African Americans and patients with diabetes mellitus, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and chronic kidney disease compared to the control group.. Cases were also more likely than controls to be on hemodialysis.In addition, diuretics, especially loop diuretics, were prescribed more for cases than for controls ...
Geological substrates and air pollution affect the availability of calcium to mammals in many habitats, including the Adirondack Mountain Region (Adirondacks) of the United States. Mammalian insectivores, such as shrews, may be particularly restricted in environments with low calcium. We examined the consequences of calcium restriction on the least shrew (Cryptotis parva) in the laboratory. We maintained one group of shrews (5 F, 5 M) on a mealworm diet with a calcium concentration comparable to beetle larvae collected in the Adirondacks (1.1 ± 0.3 mg/g) and another group (5 F, 3 M) on a mealworm diet with a calcium concentration almost 20 times higher (19.5 ± 5.1 mg/g). Animals were given no access to mineral sources of calcium, such as snail shell or bone. We measured running speed and performance in a complex maze over 10 weeks. Shrews on the high-calcium diet made fewer errors in the maze than shrews on the low-calcium diet (F1,14 = 12.8, p | 0.01). Females made fewer errors than males (F1,14 = 10
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have considered the dietary influence of vitamin D intake on bone mineral density (BMD). Numerous studies have examined the association between VDR polymorphism and BMD, but no previous study has examined the joint influence of dietary vitamin D intake and VDR polymorphism on BMD. METHODS: We therefore conducted a study in 230 men aged 41-76 years of age. BMD was measured with DXA. A second bone scan was performed on average 2.7 years after the first investigation. Dietary habits were assessed by 14 dietary 24-h recall interviews. The polyadenosine (A) VDR genotypes were determined. RESULTS: Dietary vitamin D intake was associated with BMD at all sites, also after multivariate adjustment. Those in the highest quintile of intake had 9% higher femoral neck BMD (p = 0.004), 6% higher BMD at the lumbar spine (p = 0.06) and 5% higher total body BMD (p = 0.003) compared to men in the lowest quintile of dietary vitamin D intake. However, the positive association between ...
Summary The aim was to meta-analyze randomized controlled trials of calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and fracture prevention. Meta-analysis showed a significant 15 % reduced risk of total fractures (summary relative risk estimate [SRRE], 0.85; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 0.73-0.98) and a 30 % reduced risk of hip fractures (SRRE, 0.70; 95 % CI, 0.56-0.87). Introduction: Calcium plus vitamin D supplementation has been widely recommended to prevent osteoporosis and subsequent fractures; however, considerable controversy exists regarding the association of such supplementation and fracture risk. The aim was to conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials [RCTs] of calcium plus vitamin D supplementation and fracture prevention in adults. Methods: A PubMed literature search was conducted for the period from July 1, 2011 through July 31, 2015. RCTs reporting the effect of calcium plus vitamin D supplementation on fracture incidence were selected from English-language studies. ...
Vitamin D is one of many important body essential vitamins that help balance the body. It is known to be an immune system regulator. Researchers states that, "the active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3], has been shown to inhibit the development of autoimmune diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)." In total reverse of proper Vitamin D intake and low counts of Vitamin D receptors, it can result in accelerated inflammatory bowel disease. Dietary calcium can help trigger the effects of Vitamin D on the immune system because it has its own independent effects on inflammatory bowel disease. Therefore 1,25(OH)2D3 treatment of mice on low-calcium diets can improve the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease.. Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids, the two major physiologically relevant forms of which are vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol) and vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol). Vitamin D without a subscript refers to either D2 or D3 or both. Vitamin D is produced in ...
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Other studies, however, posted no significant change on bone mineral density upon taking vitamin D supplements, researchers highlighted.. "Most healthy adults do not need vitamin D supplements" studys lead researcher, Professor Ian Reid from the University of Aucklands Bone Research Group said. "Our data suggest that the targeting of low-dose vitamin D supplements only to individuals who are likely to be deficient could free up substantial resources that could be better used elsewhere in health care," the researchers wrote in an article published online October 11 in the Lancet.. "This systematic review provides very little evidence of an overall benefit of vitamin D supplementation on bone density. Continuing widespread use of vitamin D for osteoporosis prevention in community-dwelling adults without specific risk factors for vitamin D deficiency seems inappropriate," he added.. The researchers recommend that such supplements should be prescribed only to people who have very low levels of ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparative post irrigation evaluation of calcium loss and its effect on microhardness of radicular dentin. AU - Khosla, Manak. AU - Mala, Kundabala. AU - Shenoy, Ramya. PY - 2017/10/1. Y1 - 2017/10/1. N2 - This study was conducted to compare calcium loss and microhardness reduction of radicular dentin following treatment with 17% EDTA, 10% citric acid, 5% maleic acid, and MTAD, by estimating calcium loss, and radicular dentin microhardness by using Atomic absorption spectrophotometry and by Vickers hardness tester. The results were statistically evaluated using one way ANOVA test and performed at 95% level of confidence and Spearmans correlation test was applied to determine correlation between calcium liberation and radicular dentin microhardness. All the experimental chelating agents bring about calcium loss and reduction in microhardness from radicular dentin.Study concluded that at 5 minutes, 5% maleic acid as a chelating agent causes the maximum calcium loss and ...

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... calcium citrate calcium carbonate online Wholesalers - choose calcium citrate calcium carbonate from 935 list of China calcium ... Food Calcium Fortifier of Sodium Citrate Dihydrate / Calcium Citrate For Dietary Supplement Quick Detail : Calcium Citrate can ... calcium citrate calcium carbonate. 935 Results. All Verified calcium citrate calcium carbonate suppliers & calcium citrate ... Calcium Carbonate and Light Calcium Carbonate Light calcium carbonate also called Precipitate calcium carbonate. It is made of ...
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Vegan diets: practical advice for athletes and exercisers | Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition | Full TextVegan diets: practical advice for athletes and exercisers | Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition | Full Text

... it is the contention of this article that a nutritive vegan diet can be designed to achieve the dietary needs of most athletes ... This included the sufficiency of energy and protein; the adequacy of vitamin B12, iron, zinc, calcium, iodine and vitamin D; ... Dietary reference intakes for calcium and vitamin D. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2011. ... Calcium-fortified foods are also widely available, and examples such as calcium-fortified soy, nut milks and fruit juices are ...
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ČSVV - Position of the American Dietetic Association and Dietitians of Canada: Vegetarian diets  2003ČSVV - Position of the American Dietetic Association and Dietitians of Canada: Vegetarian diets 2003

Thus, various food groups contribute dietary calcium (72,73). Oxalates present in some foods can greatly reduce calcium ... In addition, some studies show that the ratio of dietary calcium to protein is more predictive of bone health than calcium ... Dietary calcium and bone density among middle aged and elderly women in China. Am J Clin Nutr 1993;58:219-227. ... are not good sources of usable calcium despite their high calcium content. Phytate may also inhibit calcium absorption. However ...
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Myths & Truths About Vegetarianism ~ Truth TokensMyths & Truths About Vegetarianism ~ Truth Tokens

Nutritional status and phytate: zinc and phytate x calcium:zinc dietary molar ratios of lacto-ovo vegetarian Trappist monks: 10 ... a) GV Mann, Metabolic consequences of dietary trans-fatty acids. Lancet, 1994, 343:1268-71; (b) MG Enig and others. Dietary fat ... Effect of dietary protein on bone loss in elderly men and women: The Framingham Osteoporosis Study. J Bone & Min Res, 2000, 15: ... Dietary factors and risk of colon cancer: a prospective study of 50,535 young Norwegian men and women. Eur J Cancer Prev, 1996 ...
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Dietary fibre and calcium metabolism. | The BMJDietary fibre and calcium metabolism. | The BMJ

Dietary fibre and calcium metabolism.. Br Med J 1972; 4 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.4.5836.363-b (Published 11 November ...
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Twinlab Cal-Quick Liquid Calcium Dietary Supplement | WalgreensTwinlab Cal-Quick Liquid Calcium Dietary Supplement | Walgreens

Get free shipping at $35 and view promotions and reviews for Twinlab Cal-Quick Liquid Calcium Dietary Supplement ... Twinlab Cal-Quick Liquid Calcium Dietary Supplement at Walgreens. ... Specially designed for rapid assimilation and maximum absorption of calcium and vitamin D *Shatterproof bottle *Contains no ... This liquid version is absorbed faster than hard calcium tablets and works quickly in the stomach. ...
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This study is unique among those focusing on calcium intake in the US population because both dietary and supplemental sources ... Americans may not be getting enough calcium in their diets, according to a new study published in the May 2011 issue of the ... In relating calcium and energy intake, dietary calcium density as well as calcium supplementation play a critical role in ... Although reported calcium supplement use increased with age in both men and women, median dietary calcium intake was lower in ...
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Dietary Trends, American - calcium, food, nutrition, deficiency, body, health, fat, nutrientsDietary Trends, American - calcium, food, nutrition, deficiency, body, health, fat, nutrients

Calcium, Calorie, Cancer, Carbohydrates, Cardiovascular Disease, Careers in Dietetics, Caribbean Islanders, Diet of, ... Given that milk is the primary dietary calcium source, this trend has contributed to low calcium levels. Total soft-drink use ... Many adult women fail to meet the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs) for calcium, vitamin E, vitamin B 6 , magnesium, and ... Dietary Patterns Fruit and vegetable intake, although rising, is still below the five servings per day recommended in the ...
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Dietary risk factors for hyperoxaluria in calcium oxalate stone formers.  - PubMed - NCBIDietary risk factors for hyperoxaluria in calcium oxalate stone formers. - PubMed - NCBI

Dietary risk factors for hyperoxaluria in calcium oxalate stone formers.. Siener R1, Ebert D, Nicolay C, Hesse A. ... Dietary intakes of 186 calcium oxalate stone formers, 93 with hyperoxaluria (,or=0.5 mmol/day) and 93 with normal oxalate ... The aim of the present study was to clarify the role of dietary oxalate in urinary oxalate excretion and to assess dietary risk ... The diets of the patients with hyperoxaluria were estimated to contain 130 mg/day oxalate and 812 mg/day calcium as compared to ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12631085?dopt=Abstract

Slow-Mag Magnesium Chloride Dietary Supplement Tablets with Calcium | WalgreensSlow-Mag Magnesium Chloride Dietary Supplement Tablets with Calcium | Walgreens

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Calcium/vitamin d User Reviews for Dietary Supplementation at Drugs.comCalcium/vitamin d User Reviews for Dietary Supplementation at Drugs.com

Reviews and ratings for calcium/vitamin d when used in the treatment of dietary supplementation. Share your experience with ... User Reviews for Calcium / vitamin d. Also known as: Calcarb with D, Calcet, Calcio Del Mar, Calcitrate with D, Calcium 600 D, ... Oysco D with Calcium, Oyst-Cal-D, Oyster Shell Calcium, Oyster Shell Calcium with Vitamin D, Oyster-D, Oystercal-D, Posture-D H ... Calcium and Vitamin D Powder. Other brands: Citracal + D, Caltrate 600+D, Oyster Shell Calcium with Vitamin D, Os-Cal Calcium+ ...
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Fluoride - Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride - NCBI BookshelfFluoride - Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride - NCBI Bookshelf

Owing to its high affinity for calcium, fluoride is mainly associated with calcified tissues. Its ability to inhibit, and even ... Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin.... Fluoride - Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, ... Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride.. Show details. Institute of Medicine (US ... Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride. Washington (DC): National Academies ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK109832/

Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D : Health and Medicine DivisionDietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D : Health and Medicine Division

However, the public has heard conflicting messages about the benefits of calcium and vitamin D and also about how much they ... The IOM concludes that there is a strong body of evidence that substantiates the importance of vitamin D and calcium in ... Calcium and vitamin D are two essential nutrients long known for their role in bone health. ... Report Release: Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and.... Calcium and vitamin D are two essential nutrients long known for ...
more infohttp://nationalacademies.org/hmd/reports/2010/dietary-reference-intakes-for-calcium-and-vitamin-d.aspx

Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin D and Calcium : Health and Medicine DivisionDietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin D and Calcium : Health and Medicine Division

An ad hoc expert committee will undertake a study to assess current relevant data and update as appropriate the Dietary ... Reference Intakes (DRI) for vitamin D and calcium. ... Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin D and Calcium. Type:. ... Report Release: Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D. November 30, 2010 (10:00 AM Eastern) ... The report "Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D" was released on November 30, 2010. ...
more infohttp://www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/Activities/Nutrition/DRIVitDCalcium.aspx

Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D : Health and Medicine DivisionDietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D : Health and Medicine Division

However, the public has heard conflicting messages about the benefits of calcium and vitamin D and also about how much they ... The IOM concludes that there is a strong body of evidence that substantiates the importance of vitamin D and calcium in ... Calcium and vitamin D are two essential nutrients long known for their role in bone health. ... Report Release: Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and.... Calcium and vitamin D are two essential nutrients long known for ...
more infohttp://www.nationalacademies.org/hmd/Reports/2010/Dietary-Reference-Intakes-for-Calcium-and-Vitamin-D/

Dietary Tips for Osteoporosis Prevention - Calcium, Vitamin D, and MoreDietary Tips for Osteoporosis Prevention - Calcium, Vitamin D, and More

... which helps your body absorb calcium) can lower your chances of developing osteoporosis. ... balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D ( ... Dietary Tips for Osteoporosis Prevention. Calcium, Vitamin D, ... Calcium recommendations from the National Osteoporosis Foundation. Where to Get Calcium. Calcium can be found in a variety of ... The amount of calcium you need during your lifetime changes; for example, you require more calcium as you get older, or if you ...
more infohttps://www.endocrineweb.com/guides/osteoporosis-prevention/dietary-tips-osteoporosis-prevention

Dietary Calcium: Calcium and vitamin D and Colon cancer | HealthDietary Calcium: Calcium and vitamin D and Colon cancer | Health

As we age, calcium is absorbed less effectively.. Calcium and vitamin D and Colon cancer. In the study to investigate whether a ... medicaladvisorjournals.blogspot.com/2013/03/dietary-calcium-calcium-and-prostate_23.html ... Home of Kyle J. Norton for The Better of Living & Living Health Calcium, a trace mineral plays an important role in build and ... intakes of calcium and vitamin D were significantly inversely associated with the risk of colon cancer(29). ...
more infohttp://beforeitsnews.com/health/2013/03/dietary-calcium-calcium-and-vitamin-d-and-colon-cancer-2477300.html

IOF study reveals low dietary calcium intake in Asia and Latin America | EurekAlert! Science NewsIOF study reveals low dietary calcium intake in Asia and Latin America | EurekAlert! Science News

... research committee has found that daily average calcium intake among adults varies widely around the world. Critically low ... resulting in calcium loss of approximately 15 g per year. A major concern is that in countries with sub-optimal dietary calcium ... for the IOF Calcium Steering Committee. Global dietary calcium intake among adults: a systematic review. Osteoporos Int (2017 ... The study Global dietary calcium intake among adults: a systematic review has been published in the journal Osteoporosis ...
more infohttps://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2017-10/iof-isr102617.php

New health-economic model shows benefits of boosting dietary calcium intakeNew health-economic model shows benefits of boosting dietary calcium intake

Low dietary intake of calcium has been associated with decreased bone density and increased risk of osteoporosis, a disease ... "Our study likely underestimates the potential cost savings of increased dietary calcium in that it relies on existing figures ... New health-economic model shows benefits of boosting dietary calcium intake 13.11.2012 ... of daily calcium intake in Western Countries is derived from dairy products. In addition to calcium, dairy products also ...
more infohttp://www.innovations-report.de/html/berichte/medizin-gesundheit/health-economic-model-shows-benefits-boosting-205437.html

Vitamin D and calcium arent the only dietary guidelines that matter. Here are some more - latimesVitamin D and calcium aren't the only dietary guidelines that matter. Here are some more - latimes

... calcium and vitamin D. Weve heard the get more mantra for so long, small wonder a new report on vitamin D and calcium ... Vitamin D and calcium arent the only dietary guidelines that matter. Here are some more. ... Vitamin D and calcium, calcium and vitamin D. Weve heard the "get more" mantra for so long, small wonder a new report on ... Most grains (such as breads, pastas, and unfortified cereals), while not rich in calcium, add significant amounts of calcium to ...
more infohttp://articles.latimes.com/2010/dec/01/news/la-heb-vitamin-d-calcium-20101201

Dietary Calcium Supplementation to Reduce Blood Lead in Pregnancy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.govDietary Calcium Supplementation to Reduce Blood Lead in Pregnancy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov

Dietary Supplement: calcium carbonate daily supplement of 1,200 milligrams calcium (two-600 mg tablets calcium carbonate at ... Calcium, Dietary. Calcium Carbonate. Bone Density Conservation Agents. Physiological Effects of Drugs. Antacids. Molecular ... Dietary Calcium Supplementation to Reduce Blood Lead in Pregnancy. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... placebo-controlled trial of dietary supplements containing 1,200 milligrams of calcium as a means of suppressing bone ...
more infohttps://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00558623

Dietary Calcium and Blood Pressure | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of PhysiciansDietary Calcium and Blood Pressure | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians

Dietary Calcium and Blood Pressure. Ann Intern Med. 1997;126:492. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-126-6-199703150-00017 ... The simultaneous publication of two well-done meta-analyses of the effect of calcium supplementation on blood pressure [1, 2] ...
more infohttps://annals.org/aim/article-abstract/710396/dietary-calcium-blood-pressure

Dietary Calcium and Blood Pressure | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of PhysiciansDietary Calcium and Blood Pressure | Annals of Internal Medicine | American College of Physicians

Dietary Calcium and Blood Pressure P. Scott Allender, MD; Jeffrey A. Cutler, MD, MPH; Dean Follmann, PhD ... Allender PS, Cutler JA, Follmann D. Dietary Calcium and Blood Pressure. Ann Intern Med. 1997;126:492-493. doi: 10.7326/0003- ... because the main effects of other dietary factors known to influence blood pressure are ascribed to calcium. This trial ... Bucher and colleagues included these blood pressure changes in their Table 2 as if they were attributable to changes in calcium ...
more infohttps://annals.org/aim/article-abstract/710398/dietary-calcium-blood-pressure

Frontiers | Ambiguities in dietary antioxidant supplementation compared to calcium channel blockers therapy | PharmacologyFrontiers | Ambiguities in dietary antioxidant supplementation compared to calcium channel blockers therapy | Pharmacology

Ambiguities in dietary antioxidant supplementation compared to calcium channel blockers therapy ... Ambiguities in dietary antioxidant supplementation compared to calcium channel blockers therapy. Théophile Godfraind1* and ... In this opinion paper, we intend to compare some cardiovascular outcomes of dietary antioxidant supplements versus calcium ... Citation: Godfraind T and Salomone S (2015) Ambiguities in dietary antioxidant supplementation compared to calcium channel ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fphar.2015.00010/full

Dietary calcium can counteract low bone density in oral contraceptive usersDietary calcium can counteract low bone density in oral contraceptive users

... Aug 18, 2005, 16:31, Reviewed by: Dr. ... According to the National Academy of Sciences, the recommended dietary allowance of calcium for women age 19 to 50 is 1,000 ... 1,000-1,100 mg calcium a day) and high dairy (1,200-1,300 mg calcium a day).. At the end of the year, women using oral ... The recommended daily allowance of calcium for adolescents age 9 to 18 is 1,300 milligrams a day.. The 12-month study, funded ...
more infohttp://www.rxpgnews.com/research/orthopaedics/osteoporosis/article_2097.shtml
  • However, via the strategic management of food and appropriate supplementation, it is the contention of this article that a nutritive vegan diet can be designed to achieve the dietary needs of most athletes satisfactorily. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In order to ensure that vegan diets meet both health and performance needs, basic dietary requirements have to be met and sport-specific diet-related objectives need to be achieved [ 9 , 14 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Philadelphia, PA - Americans may not be getting enough calcium in their diets, according to a new study published in the May 2011 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association. (chiroeco.com)
  • The diets of the patients with hyperoxaluria were estimated to contain 130 mg/day oxalate and 812 mg/day calcium as compared to 101 mg/day oxalate and 845 mg/day calcium among patients without hyperoxaluria. (nih.gov)
  • Three groups were randomized to receive one of three diets: control (less than 800 mg calcium a day), medium dairy (1,000-1,100 mg calcium a day) and high dairy (1,200-1,300 mg calcium a day). (rxpgnews.com)
  • To investigate the effects of high and low sodium diets on urinary calcium, bone turnover and calcium absorption in pre and postmenopausal women. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The differences for calcium absorption and retention among diets containing DF Blend-I, DF Blend-II and cellulose (control) were found to be non-significant. (springer.com)
  • For the TC method, there were no difference in Ca intake, fecal Ca output, Ca retention and the ATTD of Ca between cornstarch and maifanite diets at the same dietary Ca level. (ajas.info)
  • However, urinary Ca excretion was lower (p = 0.01) in pigs fed low Ca diets without maifanite supplementation compared with other dietary treatments. (ajas.info)
  • For the IM method, there was no difference in Ca digestibility between cornstarch and maifanite diets at the same dietary Ca level. (ajas.info)
  • Although controversy persists and replication of these findings under other clinical circumstances would be desirable, low-calcium diets are not recommended and can exacerbate the well-documented association of hypercalciuria with low bone mineral density and increased fracture rates. (cmaj.ca)
  • Statistics from the most recent National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (which tracks Americans' diets) show that 41% of youth (2-18) and 36% of adults (19+) do not consume the recommended amount of calcium. (osu.edu)
  • While calcium consumption is a concern across all U.S. populations, there are certain groups at high risk for not obtaining enough calcium in their diets. (osu.edu)
  • Research has shown that increasing dairy consumption to recommended levels can eliminate calcium deficiencies in diets. (osu.edu)
  • Excess dietary proteins and "acid ash" diets have been suspected to increase the risk of osteoporosis, but experimental and epidemiological evidence is mixed. (docphin.com)
  • Brown hens (n = 350 each) fed on diets which provided 2.49, 3.07, 3.78 and, respectively, 4.15 g% calcium (Ca) during the laying period. (sciendo.com)
  • In this report, we sought to determine whether dietary Ca also affects icterus associated with supplemental cholesterol diets. (biomedcentral.com)
  • According to the National Academy of Sciences, the recommended dietary allowance of calcium for women age 19 to 50 is 1,000 milligrams a day. (rxpgnews.com)
  • If you don't consume dairy for health reasons (e.g., lactose intolerance) or other personal reasons (e.g., dietary restrictions due to religious beliefs), it is still possible to obtain necessary levels of calcium in your diet through non-dairy food sources. (osu.edu)
  • By Purdue University, Women who take oral contraceptives can counteract bone loss by making sure they have enough calcium in their daily diet, especially early in life, according to Purdue University research. (rxpgnews.com)
  • Getting enough calcium, magnesium, and vitamin D to meet the body's needs from food alone can be particularly challenging, especially for people taking certain medications that can deplete body stores. (endur.com)
  • By far, the most important consideration is to get enough calcium into your body every day. (prebiotin.com)
  • When we don't consume enough calcium, it is salvaged from bones. (osu.edu)
  • A closer look at American dietary trends reveals that parts of the American diet are still lacking in nutritional quality, despite consumer demand for healthier options. (faqs.org)
  • The following sections provide information on the ways that calcium, vitamin D, and other nutrients promote bone health-and simple ways to incorporate them into your diet. (endocrineweb.com)
  • Most grains (such as breads, pastas, and unfortified cereals), while not rich in calcium, add significant amounts of calcium to the diet because people eat them often or in large amounts. (latimes.com)
  • These results suggest that a high calcium intake may be associated with a reduction in risk of recurrent adenomas, especially among individuals on a high-fat diet. (aacrjournals.org)
  • A low Mg diet for 1 d significantly decreased P Mg + +, TZR, U Mg and U Ca . Return of dietary Mg after 5 d of Mg restriction restored P Mg + + and TZR toward normal. (asnjournals.org)
  • Calcium from the diet is generally better absorbed, and this could be another reason that women who got a high percentage of calcium in their food had higher bone densities. (wustl.edu)
  • In the present study, adenomatous polyposis coli (Apc)(1638N/+) mice carrying a heterozygous Apc mutation were fed either an AIN-76A diet, a WD, or a WD supplemented with calcium and cholecalciferol (WD/Ca/VitD3). (pubfacts.com)
  • Importantly, Apc(1638N/+) mice fed the WD/Ca/VitD3 diet did not develop colonic tumors, further indicating that dietary calcium and cholecalciferol have a key role in the chemoprevention of colorectal neoplasia in this mouse model of human colon cancer. (pubfacts.com)
  • Influence of electrolyte balance and acidifying calcium salts in the diet of growing-finishing pigs on urinary pH, slurry pH and ammonia volatilization from slurry. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • A randomized controlled trial (RCT) assigned men with hypercalciuria to follow either a diet low in calcium (400 mg) and oxalate or a diet higher in calcium (1200 mg) with restricted intake of oxalate, protein and salt. (cmaj.ca)
  • 1 At 5 years, the latter group had a 51% lower rate of stone recurrence than those following a low-calcium diet. (cmaj.ca)
  • Following these guidelines will help align your diet with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. (osu.edu)
  • however, they contribute calcium to the diet because they contain small amounts of calcium and people consume them frequently. (nih.gov)
  • It will increase the calcium in your diet and may improve your sleep. (netwellness.org)
  • A diet high in calcium has also been linked with a reduction in blood pressure. (netwellness.org)
  • Thus, elevating cholecalciferol and calcium in aWestern-style diet can reduce inflammation associated with risk for colon tumor development, but interaction of nutrients in this diet can compromise liver function when fed long term. (elsevier.com)
  • 5. The method according to claim 4, wherein a candidate compound, combination of candidate compounds, candidate composition, or combination of candidate compositions is administered to at least one test subject orally as a component of the diet of said test subject or as dietary calcium to said test subject. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • A role for calcium in the regulation of body weight has gained much interest since the early observation that increased intakes of calcium (as yoghurt) increased the loss of body fat and favoured a redistribution of fat away from the abdomen [ 4 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Consult the chart below for recommendations about the amount of calcium you should consume each day. (endocrineweb.com)
  • Bosscher D, Van Caillie-Bertrand M, Deelstra H (2003a) Do thickening properties of locust bean gum affect the amount of calcium, iron and zinc available for absorption from infant formula? (springer.com)
  • Begay, a graduate student at Northern Arizona University, analyzed the amount of calcium in 27 samples of juniper from all over the reservation. (freerepublic.com)
  • This means the amount of calcium we should consume varies throughout the life cycle. (osu.edu)
  • In this Western population of postmenopausal women with normal to high protein intake and fairly high calcium intake, there was no overall association between total protein or RNAE and fracture risk. (docphin.com)
  • High versus low intake of dietary calcium was associated with a marked increase in prostate cancer risk. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The results from this large prospective study suggest that intake of calcium or some related component contained in dairy foods is associated with increased prostate cancer risk. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • The objective of this study was to examine the association between calcium intake and prostate cancer risk. (cdc.gov)
  • We hypothesized that calcium intake would be positively associated with lower risk for prostate cancer. (cdc.gov)
  • Total calcium was associated with lower prostate cancer risk among black men but not among white men in analyses of healthy controls. (cdc.gov)
  • Calcium from food is associated with lower risk for prostate cancer, particularly among black men, and lower risk for high-grade prostate cancer among all men. (cdc.gov)
  • Data on the effects of calcium intake on prostate cancer are inconsistent. (cdc.gov)
  • Nearly all of these studies were performed in populations made up predominantly of white men, even though associations between modifiable risk factors such as calcium intake and prostate cancer risk may differ by race. (cdc.gov)
  • it has been hypothesized that dietary calcium may increase prostate cancer risk by reducing circulating levels of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25[OH] 2 D) (10), which promotes the differentiation and inhibits the proliferation of prostate cells (11). (cdc.gov)
  • The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between calcium intake and prostate cancer risk and determine whether this association is different for blacks and whites or for low-grade and high-grade disease. (cdc.gov)
  • Calcium absorption did not change significantly in either group. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Compared with the lowest quartile, the third quartile of total dietary and dairy calcium intake had a significantly reduced MI risk, with a HR of 0.69 (95% CI 0.50 to 0.94) and 0.68 (95% CI 0.50 to 0.93), respectively. (bmj.com)
  • The amplitude of the calcium transients evoked by KCl depolarization increased significantly from the control of 343 ± 44 nM to 671 ± 51 nM in the presence of 0.5 ppm selenate in FDB fibers. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In parallel, the rate of calcium release during short depolarizations increased significantly from 28.4 ± 2.2 to 45.5 ± 3.8 and 52.1 ± 1.9 μM/ms in the presence of 0.5 ppm NanoSe and selenate, respectively. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Various studies over the last few years have shown that increased calcium intake can significantly fight overweight and obesity . (alpfmedical.info)
  • This exploratory study was designed to determine whether dietary calcium and manganese affect menstrual symptoms in healthy women. (nih.gov)
  • Calcium and vitamin D are two essential nutrients long known for their role in bone health. (nationalacademies.org)
  • But since 2000, the public has heard conflicting messages about other benefits of these nutrients-especially vitamin D-and also about how much calcium and vitamin D they need to be healthy. (nationalacademies.org)
  • Here's a plethora of tables that provide dietary guidelines for vitamins A, C, E and K, thiamin, riboflavin and other nutrients. (latimes.com)
  • Intake recommendations for calcium and other nutrients are provided in the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) developed by the Food and Nutrition Board (FNB) at the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies (formerly National Academy of Sciences) [ 1 ]. (nih.gov)
  • For breast cancer, the list of environmental risk factors includes the individual person's development, exposure to microbes, "medical interventions, dietary exposures to nutrients, energy and toxicants, ionizing radiation, and chemicals from industrial and agricultural processes and from consumer products. (wikipedia.org)
  • To find out whether these foods have calcium, check the product labels. (latimes.com)
  • In this new mouse study, the researchers found that those mice given a substantial amount of dairy calcium enhanced weight loss and body fat loss compared to mice given equal calories but no dairy foods. (runnersworld.com)
  • The chart below provides information on calcium content in various common foods. (prebiotin.com)
  • A "multiple pass" 24-hour dietary interview format was used to collect detailed information about all foods and beverages. (cdc.gov)
  • Foods fortified with calcium include many fruit juices and drinks, tofu, and cereals. (nih.gov)
  • Calcium naturally occurs in some foods and is added to other foods. (healthlinkbc.ca)
  • Higher dietary intakes of Mg and Ca, individually, have been associated with a decreased risk for the metabolic syndrome (MetSyn). (cambridge.org)
  • 2003. Chronic metabolic acid load induced by changes in dietary electrolyte balance increased chloride retention but did not compromise bone in growing swine. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • Calcium is required for vascular contraction and vasodilation, muscle function, nerve transmission, intracellular signaling and hormonal secretion, though less than 1% of total body calcium is needed to support these critical metabolic functions [ 1 ]. (nih.gov)
  • Arora SK, Patel AA, Kumar N, Chauhan OP (2016) Determination of relationship between sensory viscosity rating and instrumental flow behavior of soluble dietary fibers. (springer.com)
  • Bosscher D, Van Caillie-Bertrand M, Van Cauwenbergh R, Deelstra H (2003b) Availabilities of calcium, iron, and zinc from dairy infant formulas as affected by soluble dietary fibers and modified starch fractions. (springer.com)
  • It is found within muscles as selenocystein in selenoprotein N, which is involved in redox-modulated calcium homeostasis and in protection against oxidative stress. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In vertebrates , calcium ions, like many other ions, are of such vital importance to many physiological processes that its concentration is maintain within specific limits to ensure adequate homeostasis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because NHANES is on a two-year data release cycle, this first release of the integrated survey includes dietary data collected in 2001 from NHANES plus data from the integrated survey collected in 2002. (cdc.gov)
  • This goes far beyond failing to consider a confounding variable, because the main effects of other dietary factors known to influence blood pressure are ascribed to calcium. (annals.org)
  • In the current article, therefore, we report on the effects of alterations in dietary intake of Ca and Mg on renal TZR. (asnjournals.org)
  • Therefore, a high calcium intake would counteract the potentially anticarcinogenic effects of vitamin D and thereby promote tumor growth. (cdc.gov)
  • Calcium intake was modeled with restricted cubic splines by a random-effects dose-response model. (biomedcentral.com)
  • 2002. Effects of dietary ingredients on manure characteristics and odorous emissions from swine. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • The effects of calcium on human cells are specific, meaning that different types of cells respond in different ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • Effects of Dietary Calcium Levels on Productive Performance Eggshell Quality and Overall Ca Status in Aged Laying Hens. (sciendo.com)
  • Effects of strain and rearing dietary regimens on brown-egg pullet growth and strain rearing dietary regimens density and feed space effects on subsequent laying performance. (sciendo.com)
  • In light of new research findings and a growing public focus on nutrition and health, the expert panel responsible for formulating RDAs reviewed and revised its approach -- the result: Dietary Reference Intakes. (booktopia.com.au)