Calcium-binding proteins that are found in DISTAL KIDNEY TUBULES, INTESTINES, BRAIN, and other tissues where they bind, buffer and transport cytoplasmic calcium. Calbindins possess a variable number of EF-HAND MOTIFS which contain calcium-binding sites. Some isoforms are regulated by VITAMIN D.
A calbindin protein found in many mammalian tissues, including the UTERUS, PLACENTA, BONE, PITUITARY GLAND, and KIDNEYS. In intestinal ENTEROCYTES it mediates intracellular calcium transport from apical to basolateral membranes via calcium binding at two EF-HAND MOTIFS. Expression is regulated in some tissues by VITAMIN D.
A calcium-binding protein that mediates calcium HOMEOSTASIS in KIDNEYS, BRAIN, and other tissues. It is found in well-defined populations of NEURONS and is involved in CALCIUM SIGNALING and NEURONAL PLASTICITY. It is regulated in some tissues by VITAMIN D.
A calbindin protein that is differentially expressed in distinct populations of NEURONS throughout the vertebrate and invertebrate NERVOUS SYSTEM, and modulates intrinsic neuronal excitability and influences LONG-TERM POTENTIATION. It is also found in LUNG, TESTIS, OVARY, KIDNEY, and BREAST, and is expressed in many tumor types found in these tissues. It is often used as an immunohistochemical marker for MESOTHELIOMA.
Low molecular weight, calcium binding muscle proteins. Their physiological function is possibly related to the contractile process.
The modification of the reactivity of ENZYMES by the binding of effectors to sites (ALLOSTERIC SITES) on the enzymes other than the substrate BINDING SITES.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
Proteins to which calcium ions are bound. They can act as transport proteins, regulator proteins, or activator proteins. They typically contain EF HAND MOTIFS.
The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.
A technique that localizes specific nucleic acid sequences within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells through the use of specific nucleic acid-labeled probes.
Agents, usually topical, that cause the contraction of tissues for the control of bleeding or secretions.
Immunoglobulin molecules having a specific amino acid sequence by virtue of which they interact only with the ANTIGEN (or a very similar shape) that induced their synthesis in cells of the lymphoid series (especially PLASMA CELLS).
The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
NMR spectroscopy on small- to medium-size biological macromolecules. This is often used for structural investigation of proteins and nucleic acids, and often involves more than one isotope.
A localization-related (focal) form of epilepsy characterized by recurrent seizures that arise from foci within the temporal lobe, most commonly from its mesial aspect. A wide variety of psychic phenomena may be associated, including illusions, hallucinations, dyscognitive states, and affective experiences. The majority of complex partial seizures (see EPILEPSY, COMPLEX PARTIAL) originate from the temporal lobes. Temporal lobe seizures may be classified by etiology as cryptogenic, familial, or symptomatic (i.e., related to an identified disease process or lesion). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p321)
GRAY MATTER situated above the GYRUS HIPPOCAMPI. It is composed of three layers. The molecular layer is continuous with the HIPPOCAMPUS in the hippocampal fissure. The granular layer consists of closely arranged spherical or oval neurons, called GRANULE CELLS, whose AXONS pass through the polymorphic layer ending on the DENDRITES of PYRAMIDAL CELLS in the hippocampus.
A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)
Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.
An order of BIRDS with the common name owls characterized by strongly hooked beaks, sharp talons, large heads, forward facing eyes, and facial disks. While considered nocturnal RAPTORS, some owls do hunt by day.
Proteins found mainly in icosahedral DNA and RNA viruses. They consist of proteins directly associated with the nucleic acid inside the NUCLEOCAPSID.
The practice of medicine as applied to special circumstances associated with military operations.
Connective tissue cells of an organ found in the loose connective tissue. These are most often associated with the uterine mucosa and the ovary as well as the hematopoietic system and elsewhere.
Cells contained in the bone marrow including fat cells (see ADIPOCYTES); STROMAL CELLS; MEGAKARYOCYTES; and the immediate precursors of most blood cells.
Bone-forming cells which secrete an EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX. HYDROXYAPATITE crystals are then deposited into the matrix to form bone.
The soft tissue filling the cavities of bones. Bone marrow exists in two types, yellow and red. Yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells. Red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes. Bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.
The female reproductive organs. The external organs include the VULVA; BARTHOLIN'S GLANDS; and CLITORIS. The internal organs include the VAGINA; UTERUS; OVARY; and FALLOPIAN TUBES.
Exogenous agents, synthetic and naturally occurring, which are capable of disrupting the functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM including the maintenance of HOMEOSTASIS and the regulation of developmental processes. Endocrine disruptors are compounds that can mimic HORMONES, or enhance or block the binding of hormones to their receptors, or otherwise lead to activating or inhibiting the endocrine signaling pathways and hormone metabolism.
The hollow thick-walled muscular organ in the female PELVIS. It consists of the fundus (the body) which is the site of EMBRYO IMPLANTATION and FETAL DEVELOPMENT. Beyond the isthmus at the perineal end of fundus, is CERVIX UTERI (the neck) opening into VAGINA. Beyond the isthmi at the upper abdominal end of fundus, are the FALLOPIAN TUBES.
The system of glands that release their secretions (hormones) directly into the circulatory system. In addition to the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, included are the CHROMAFFIN SYSTEM and the NEUROSECRETORY SYSTEMS.

Energy-based de novo protein folding by conformational space annealing and an off-lattice united-residue force field: application to the 10-55 fragment of staphylococcal protein A and to apo calbindin D9K. (1/704)

The conformational space annealing (CSA) method for global optimization has been applied to the 10-55 fragment of the B-domain of staphylococcal protein A (protein A) and to a 75-residue protein, apo calbindin D9K (PDB ID code), by using the UNRES off-lattice united-residue force field. Although the potential was not calibrated with these two proteins, the native-like structures were found among the low-energy conformations, without the use of threading or secondary-structure predictions. This is because the CSA method can find many distinct families of low-energy conformations. Starting from random conformations, the CSA method found that there are two families of low-energy conformations for each of the two proteins, the native-like fold and its mirror image. The CSA method converged to the same low-energy folds in all cases studied, as opposed to other optimization methods. It appears that the CSA method with the UNRES force field, which is based on the thermodynamic hypothesis, can be used in prediction of protein structures in real time.  (+info)

Expression of calcium binding protein D-9k messenger RNA in the mouse uterine endometrium during implantation. (2/704)

To investigate the molecular mechanisms of implantation, we constructed a cDNA library of mouse uteri enriched with pregnancy-induced genes by subtractive hybridization and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). One of the isolated clones was the cDNA for the calcium binding protein D-9k (Cabp9k), which is considered to regulate intracytoplasmic concentration and transport of free calcium ions. Northern blot and in-situ hybridization analyses demonstrated that the Cabp9k mRNA was expressed in the endometrial epithelia, both luminal and glandular, in the uterus at the time of implantation. On pregnancy day 5 it was detected in the luminal, but not in the glandular, epithelia. In the oophorectomized adult mice, progesterone enhanced Cabp9k mRNA expression in the uterus, whereas oestrogen did not. Consistent with this, a nucleotide change was identified in the first intron of mouse Cabp9k gene corresponding to the oestrogen responsive element in the rat Cabp9k gene. Transfer of embryos into the uterine cavity of pseudopregnant mice reduced the expression of Cabp9k mRNA in the glandular epithelium, suggesting that Cabp9k mRNA expression is also regulated by embryonal signal(s). These findings demonstrated that Cabp9k mRNA is expressed in the endometrial epithelia during the implantation period under the control of progesterone and the presence of embryo, and suggest that CaBP9k plays a role in implantation by regulating the local calcium concentrations.  (+info)

Distribution of cholinergic contacts on Renshaw cells in the rat spinal cord: a light microscopic study. (3/704)

1. Cholinergic terminals in the rat spinal cord were revealed by immunohistochemical detection of the vesicular acetycholine transporter (VAChT). In order to determine the relationships of these terminals to Renshaw cells, we used dual immunolabelling with antibodies against gephyrin or calbindin D28k to provide immunohistochemical identification of Renshaw cells in lamina VII of the ventral horn. 2. A total of 50 Renshaw cells were analysed quantitatively using a computer-aided reconstruction system to provide accurate localization of contact sites and determination of somatic and dendritic surface area. Dendrites could be traced for up to 413 microm from the soma in calbindin D28k-identified Renshaw cells and up to 184 microm in gephyrin-identified cells. 3. A total of 3330 cholinergic terminals were observed on 50 Renshaw cells, with a range of 21-138 terminal appositions per cell (mean 66.6 +/- 25.56 contacts per cell). The vast majority (83.5 %) of the terminals were apposed to dendrites rather than the soma. The overall density of cholinergic contacts increased from a little above 1 per 100 microm2 on the soma and initial 25 microm of proximal dendrites to 4-5 per 100 microm2 on the surface of dendritic segments located 50-250 microm from the soma. Single presynaptic fibres frequently formed multiple contacts with the soma and/or dendrites of individual Renshaw cells. 4. VAChT-immunoreactive terminals apposed to Renshaw cells varied in size from 0.6 to 6.9 microm in diameter (mean 2.26 +/- 0.94; n = 986) and were on average smaller than the cholinergic C-terminals apposed to motoneurones, but larger than VAChT-immunoreactive terminals contacting other ventral horn interneurones. 5. The high density and relatively large size of many cholinergic terminals on Renshaw cells presumably correlates with the strong synaptic connection between motoneurones and Renshaw cells. The fact that the majority of contacts are distributed over the dendrites makes the motoneurone axon collateral input susceptible to inhibition by the prominent glycinergic inhibitory synapses located on the soma and proximal dendrites. The relative positions and structural features of the excitatory cholinergic and inhibitory glycinergic synapses may explain why Renshaw cells, although capable of firing at very high frequency following motor axon stimulation, appear to fire at relatively low rates during locomotor activity.  (+info)

Molecular identification of the apical Ca2+ channel in 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-responsive epithelia. (4/704)

In mammals, the extracellular calcium concentration is maintained within a narrow range despite large variations in daily dietary input and body demand. The small intestine and kidney constitute the influx pathways into the extracellular Ca2+ pool and, therefore, play a primary role in Ca2+ homeostasis. We identified an apical Ca2+ influx channel, which is expressed in proximal small intestine, the distal part of the nephron and placenta. This novel epithelial Ca2+ channel (ECaC) of 730 amino acids contains six putative membrane-spanning domains with an additional hydrophobic stretch predicted to be the pore region. ECaC resembles the recently cloned capsaicin receptor and the transient receptor potential-related ion channels with respect to its predicted topology but shares less than 30% sequence homology with these channels. In kidney, ECaC is abundantly present in the apical membrane of Ca2+ transporting cells and colocalizes with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-dependent calbindin-D28K. ECaC expression in Xenopus oocytes confers Ca2+ influx with properties identical to those observed in distal renal cells. Thus, ECaC has the expected properties for being the gatekeeper of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3-dependent active transepithelial Ca2+ transport.  (+info)

Immunohistological studies of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 6-deficient mice show no abnormality of retinal cell organization and ganglion cell maturation. (5/704)

Immature retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) initially show a multistratified dendritic pattern, and, during the postnatal period, these dendrites gradually monostratify into ON and OFF sublaminae. The selective agonist of group III metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluR), L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (L-AP-4), hyperpolarizes ON bipolar cells and reduces glutamate release. On the basis of L-AP-4-evoked inhibitory effects on ON-OFF segregation of developing RGCs, it has been hypothesized that glutamate-mediated synaptic activity is crucial for formation of the ON-OFF network. Gene-targeted ablation of mGluR6 specifically expressed in ON bipolar cells blocks normal ON responses but has been predicted to enhance glutamate release from ON bipolar cells. The mGluR6 knock-out mouse therefore provides a unique opportunity to investigate whether glutamate release and ON responses are important factors in the development of ON-OFF segregation. The combination of several different morphological analyses indicates that ON bipolar cells, as well as several distinct amacrine cells, in mGluR6 knock-out mice are normally distributed and correctly extend their terminals to defined retinal laminae. Importantly, both alpha and delta RGCs in adult mGluR6 knock-out mice are found monostratified into cell type-specific layers. Furthermore, no difference between wild-type and mGluR6 knock-out mice is observed in the maturation and dendritic stratification of developing RGCs. Hence, despite a deficit in normal ON responses, mGluR6 deficiency causes no abnormality in the retinal cellular organization nor in the stratifications of both ON bipolar cells and developing and mature RGCs. Based on these findings, we discuss several possible mechanisms that may underlie ON-OFF segregation of RGCs.  (+info)

Expression of type 2 iodothyronine deiodinase in hypothyroid rat brain indicates an important role of thyroid hormone in the development of specific primary sensory systems. (6/704)

Thyroid hormone is an important epigenetic factor in brain development, acting by modulating rates of gene expression. The active form of thyroid hormone, 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3) is produced in part by the thyroid gland but also after 5'-deiodination of thyroxine (T4) in target tissues. In brain, approximately 80% of T3 is formed locally from T4 through the activity of the 5'-deiodinase type 2 (D2), an enzyme that is expressed mostly by glial cells, tanycytes in the third ventricle, and astrocytes throughout the brain. D2 activity is an important point of control of thyroid hormone action because it increases in situations of low T4, thus preserving brain T3 concentrations. In this work, we have studied the expression of D2 by quantitative in situ hybridization in hypothyroid animals during postnatal development. Our hypothesis was that those regions that are most dependent on thyroid hormone should present selective increases of D2 as a protection against hypothyroidism. D2 mRNA concentration was increased severalfold over normal levels in relay nuclei and cortical targets of the primary somatosensory and auditory pathways. The results suggest that these pathways are specifically protected against thyroid failure and that T3 has a role in the development of these structures. At the cellular level, expression was observed mainly in glial cells, although some interneurons of the cerebral cortex were also labeled. Therefore, the T3 target cells, mostly neurons, are dependent on local astrocytes for T3 supply.  (+info)

Specification of somatosensory area identity in cortical explants. (7/704)

The H-2Z1 transgene is restricted to a subset of layer IV neurons in the postnatal mouse cortex and delineates exactly the somatosensory area. Expression of the H-2Z1 transgene was used as an areal marker to determine when the parietal cortex becomes committed to a somatosensory identity. We have shown previously that grafts dissected from embryonic day 13.5 (E13.5) H-2Z1 cortex and transplanted into the cortex of nontransgenic newborns express H-2Z1 according to their site of origin. Expression was not modified on heterotopic transplantation (). In the present study, whole cortical explants were isolated at E12.5 from noncortical tissues. The explants developed a regionalized expression of H-2Z1, indicating that regionalization takes place and is maintained in vitro. We used this property and confronted embryonic H-2Z1 cortex with presumptive embryonic sources of regionalizing signals in an in vitro grafting procedure. A great majority of E11.5-E13.5 grafts maintained their presumptive expression of H-2Z1 when grafted heterotopically on nontransgenic E13.5-E15.5 explants. However, a significantly lower proportion of E11.5 parietal grafts expressed H-2Z1 in occipital compared with parietal cortex, indicating that somatosensory identity may be partially plastic at E11.5. Earlier stages could not be tested because the E10.5 grafts failed to develop in vitro. The data suggest that commitment to the expression of a somatosensory area-specific marker coincides with the onset of neurogenesis and occurs well before the birth of the non-GABAergic neurons that express H-2Z1 in vivo.  (+info)

Expression of the striatal DARPP-32/ARPP-21 phenotype in GABAergic neurons requires neurotrophins in vivo and in vitro. (8/704)

The medium spiny neuron (MSN) is the major output neuron of the caudate nucleus and uses GABA as its primary neurotransmitter. A majority of MSNs coexpress DARPP-32 and ARPP-21, two dopamine and cyclic AMP-regulated phosphoproteins, and most of the matrix neurons express calbindin. DARPP-32 is the most commonly used MSN marker, but previous attempts to express this gene in vitro have failed. In this study we found that DARPP-32 is expressed in <12% of E13- or E17-derived striatal neurons when they are grown in defined media at high or low density in serum, dopamine, or Neurobasal/N2 (Life Technologies), and ARPP-21 is expressed in <1%. The percentage increases to 25% for DARPP-32 and 10% for ARPP-21 when the same cells are grown in Neurobasal/B27 (Life Technologies) for 7 d. After growth in Neurobasal/B27 plus brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) for 7 d, E13-derived MSNs are 53.7% DARPP-32-positive and 29. 0% ARPP-21-positive; E17-derived MSNs are 66.8% DARPP-32-positive and 51.5% ARPP-21-positive. The percentage of calbindin-positive neurons also is increased under these conditions. Finally, ARPP-21 expression is reduced in mice with a targeted deletion of the BDNF gene. We conclude that BDNF is required for the maturation of a large subset of patch and matrix MSNs in vivo and in vitro. In addition, we introduce a culture system in which highly differentiated MSNs may be generated, maintained, and studied.  (+info)

Inhibitory GABAergic interneurons are important for shaping patterns of activity in neocortical networks. We examined the distributions of inhibitory interneuron subtypes in layer II/III of areas V1 and V2 in 18 genera of anthropoid primates including New World monkeys, Old World monkeys, and hominoids (apes and humans). Interneuron subtypes were identified by immunohistochemical staining for calbindin, calretinin, and parvalbumin and densities were quantified using the optical disector method. In both V1 and V2, calbindin-immunoreactive neuron density decreased disproportionately with decreasing total neuronal density. Thus, V1 and V2 of hominoids were occupied by a smaller percentage of calbindin-immunoreactive interneurons compared to monkeys who have greater overall neuronal densities. At the transition from V1 to V2 across all individuals, we found a tendency for increased percentages of calbindin-immunoreactive multipolar cells and calretinin-immunoreactive interneurons. In addition, ...
DAB staining of tissue with this antibody showed high specificity and very low background at a concentration of 1:2000. For fluorescence staining of tissue. the optimal concentration was 1:1000.. This was also tested on neurons in culture where a clear difference between Calbindin-positive and -negative was seen at a concentration of 1:1000.. This was not tested for IP or WB.. ...
Rabbit Polyclonal Anti-Calbindin D-28K Antibody - Pre-diluted. Validated: IHC, IHC-P. Tested Reactivity: Human, Mouse, Rat. 100% Guaranteed.
Add a real flourish to your favorite room with this decorative table lamp. Featuring hand-painted gold accents on a walnut brown shade, this lamp has style!
Looking for online definition of Epithelial calcium channel 2 in the Medical Dictionary? Epithelial calcium channel 2 explanation free. What is Epithelial calcium channel 2? Meaning of Epithelial calcium channel 2 medical term. What does Epithelial calcium channel 2 mean?
Figure 2: Depression and Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: Expression Pattern of Calbindin Immunoreactivity in Hippocampal Dentate Gyrus of Patients Who Underwent Epilepsy Surgery with and without Comorbid Depression
In dieser Arbeit werden Struktur-Funktionsbeziehungen in der medialen entorhinalen Hirnrinde untersucht. Schicht 2 Neurone im medialen entorhinalen Cortex unterteilen sich in calbindin-positive Pyramidenzellen und calbindin-negative Sternzellen. Calbindin-positive Pyramidenzellen bündeln ihre apikalen Dendriten zusammen und formen Zellhaufen, die in einem hexagolen arrangiert sind. Das Gitter von calbindin-positiven Pyramidenzellhaufen ist an Schicht 1 Axonen und dem Parasubiculum ausgerichtet und wird durch cholinerge Eingänge innerviert. Calbindin-positive Pyramidenzellen zeigen stark theta-modulierte Aktivität. Sternzellen sind vertreut in der Schicht 2 angeordnet und zeigen nur schwach theta-modulierte Aktivität, ein Befund, der gegen eine Rolle von zell-intrinsischen Oszillationen in der Entstehung von Theta-Modulation spricht. In der Arbeit wurden Methoden entwickelt, um durch die juxtazelluläre Färbung und Identifikation von Zellen, die räumlichen Feuermuster von Schicht 2 Sternzellen
1BOC: The solution structures of mutant calbindin D9ks, as determined by NMR, show that the calcium-binding site can adopt different folds.
1IG5: Structural basis for the negative allostery between Ca(2+)- and Mg(2+)-binding in the intracellular Ca(2+)-receptor calbindin D9k.
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Calbindin je termín označující skupinu transportních proteinů v buňkách tenkého střeva a v ledvinách. Tyto proteiny jsou závislé na funkci vitaminu D a umožňují absorpci vápníku ze střeva a ledvinných tubulů do organizmu ...
the equilibrium constant for a solubility reaction. A general solubility equation could be written as: MX (s) M+ (aq) + X- (aq) where MX represents an ionic solid, M+ the positive ion, and X- the negative ion. Since pure solids have an activity of 1, they are not included in equilibrium constant expressions. Therefore, the K expression for this reaction is: Since the concentration of either ion, [M+] or [Cl-] is the amount of MX that dissolved, (in other words, MXs solubility) and the result of multiplying two numbers is called a product, this kind of K expression is called a solubility product, and given the symbol Ksp. Therefore the K expression would normally be written ...
Fast delivery of PPM1K knockout Human Cell Lines for the study of gene function. Created by CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing. Includes matched wildtype control.
Disclaimer: TRIP Database staffs have endeavored to ensure the scientific accuracy of all entries to the database, but cannot take any responsibility for errors ...
DI-fusion, le Dépôt institutionnel numérique de lULB, est loutil de référencementde la production scientifique de lULB.Linterface de recherche DI-fusion permet de consulter les publications des chercheurs de lULB et les thèses qui y ont été défendues.
CALB cells have been used widely in the conversion industry over the past decade. We use them in our vehicles, including our flagship classic SAAB build that continues to get 120-mile range, 85,000 miles and counting. The CA series (grey case) has enjoyed notable improvements over the earlier SE series (blue case) suc
We investigated, by in situ hybridization histochemistry, the cellular localization of the mRNA encoding a vitamin D-dependent calcium-binding protein (calbindin D28) in rat brain and peripheral organs. Using a [35S]cRNA probe under high stringency conditions, specific mRNA was found in tissues well …
Recombinant human Calbindin D9K was cloned from bovine cDNA and expressed inE.coli. It bounds to one Ca and one Ln ion. Two calcium ions are bound in the Calbindin D9K version. The protein consists of Calbindin D9K, mutant P47M (residues 5-79, swissprot a
Although Calbindin-D9k (CaBP-9k), a cytosolic calcium binding protein which has calcium binding sites, is expressed in various tissues, i.e., intestine, uterus, and placenta, potential roles of this...
The vomeronasal organs (VNOs) of two humans, a male neonate and a female adult, were examined for immunolocalization of calbindin-D28k (calbindin) which has been immunolocalized to VNO receptor cells in other mammals. The present study demonstrates that epithelial cells within the VNOs of both subjects expressed calbindin-like immunoreactivity. These results suggest that human VNO epithelial cells of both genders express calbindin during development and in the adult.
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Reagents for the antigen Basalin / S100 calcium binding protein A17 / S100A17 / trichohyalin-like 1 / TCHHL1 / THHL1 stained with Cy5™ in the Antibody Database
Buy our Recombinant Human S100 calcium binding protein A14. Ab101041 is a full length protein produced in Escherichia coli and has been validated in WB…
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Calcium binding protein information including symptoms, causes, diseases, symptoms, treatments, and other medical and health issues.
The structure of calbindin is characteristic of an EF-hand protein, with two helix-loop-helix calcium binding motifs joined by a flexible linker, and a short anti-parallel beta-type interaction between the two ion-binding sites. The structure of calbindin has been solved in the apo (Conformation 1), (Ca2+)(2) (Conformation 2), and (Cd2+)(1) (Conformation 3) states in x-ray and NMR studies. Upon binding of both Calcium ions to the structure, the two ion-binding loops in the structure move approximately 1.00 A together, while the pairs of helices in the structure move approximately 0.45 A together ...
Discussion. Study design. In this study, we describe the analysis of 22K gene expression profiles of macular and peripheral RPE cells. There have been a number of other published studies that had a similar research question but employed different methodologies [8,17-21]. However, all of these studies suffered from one or more relative weaknesses in terms of sample selection, RPE cell handling, target selection, as well as microarray- or bioinformatics methods. Our aim was to avoid these limitations as much as possible (Table 5 and Table 6).. While the number of samples we used was limited, our entire strategy was focused on reduction of gene expression differences between individual eyes. In this study, we detected only consistent differences, more or less present in the RPE of each individual eye. We neither detected transient gene expression differences nor potential differences which co-occurred with high interindividual variation. The complexity of our material was greatly reduced by ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
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Contact us today for a free consultation with the scientific team and discover how Creative Biogene can be a valuable resource and partner for your organization.. ...
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Parvalbumin alpha / PVALB, 0.1 ml. Parvalbumin?is a?calcium-binding?albumin?protein with low molecular weight (typically 9-11 kDa).
pep:known chromosome:VEGA66:3:90511034:90514392:-1 gene:OTTMUSG00000022107 transcript:OTTMUST00000052482 gene_biotype:protein_coding transcript_biotype:protein_coding gene_symbol:S100a1 description:S100 calcium binding protein A1 ...
S100A12 - S100A12 (untagged)-Human S100 calcium binding protein A12 (S100A12) available for purchase from OriGene - Your Gene Company.
Recombinant protein of human S100 calcium binding protein A11 (S100A11), 20 ug available for purchase from OriGene - Your Gene Company.
We have isolated a full-length cDNA clone for a novel 29 kDa protein that is highly expressed in rat enamel cells. The clone… Expand ...
1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] is known to modulate Ca2+ metabolism in several cell types. Vitamin-D-dependent calcium binding proteins such as calbindin-D28K (28 kDa calcium binding proteins) have been shown to be regulated by 1,25(OH)2D3 but the mechanisms controlling calbindin synthesis are still poorly understood in human osteoblast cell culture models. The human bone marrow stromal cells (HBMSC) described in this paper developed a calcified matrix, expressed osteocalcin (OC), osteopontin (OP) and responded to 1,25(OH)2D3. The expression of vitamin D receptor mRNA was demonstrated by reverse transcription-PCR. Calbindin-D28K protein was identified only in cells arising from the sixth subculture, which exhibited a calcified matrix and all of the osteoblastic markers, e.g. OC and OP. It was demonstrated by dot-immunodetection using immunological probes, and by in situ hybridization using labelled cDNA probes. Moreover, vitamin D3 enhanced calbindin-D28K synthesis as well as OC ...
Looking for online definition of S100 calcium binding protein A3 in the Medical Dictionary? S100 calcium binding protein A3 explanation free. What is S100 calcium binding protein A3? Meaning of S100 calcium binding protein A3 medical term. What does S100 calcium binding protein A3 mean?
Animals. Two strains of transgenic mice, each bearing a jellyfish green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter, were used. The mPer1::d2EGFP transgenic mouse (termed here Per1::GFP; a gift from Dr. D. McMahon, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN) was made with the B6C3F1 hybrid mouse as described previously (Kuhlman et al., 2000). The mice used in the present studies were hemizygous for the d2EGFP transgene, which is a degradable form of GFP.. The calbindin-D28K-bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC)::GFP transgenic mouse (termed here CalB::GFP; a gift from Dr. N. Heintz, Rockefeller University, New York, NY) was made by insertion of enhanced GFP (EGFP) (Yang et al., 1997) in the calbindin BAC (Research Genetics/Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) by homologous recombination. The homologous region was upstream of the start codon of the calbindin gene. The first stretch of the sequence included the calbindin-D28K promoter followed by the first linker sequence and then the EGFP construct followed by the second ...
Motor neurons become hyperexcitable during progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). This abnormal firing behavior has been explained by changes in their membrane properties, but more recently it has been suggested that changes in premotor circuits may also contribute to this abnormal activity. The specific circuits that may be altered during development of ALS have not been investigated. Here we examined the Renshaw cell recurrent circuit that exerts inhibitory feedback control on motor neuron firing. Using two markers for Renshaw cells (calbindin and cholinergic nicotinic receptor subunit alpha2 [Chrna2]), two general markers for motor neurons (NeuN and vesicular acethylcholine transporter [VAChT]), and two markers for fast motor neurons (Chondrolectin and calcitonin-related polypeptide alpha [Calca]), we analyzed the survival and connectivity of these cells during disease progression in the Sod1G93A mouse model. Most calbindin-immunoreactive (IR) Renshaw cells survive to end stage but
The encoded protein is a secreted calcium-binding protein which is found in the cytoplasm. It is related to calbindin D-28K and calretinin. This protein is thought to be involved in potassium chloride-stimulated calcium flux and cell proliferation.[6] This protein plays an important role in the release of the stress hormone Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and which only then enables stress processes in the brain. ...
S100 Calcium Binding Protein B Human Recombinant, S100 Calcium Binding Protein B, S-100 Protein Subunit Beta, S100 Calcium Binding Protein, Beta (Neural), S100 Calcium-Binding Protein, Beta (Neural), S-100 Calcium-Binding Protein, Beta Chain, S100 Calcium-Binding Protein B, S-100 Protein Beta Chain, S100beta, S100-B, S100, NEF.
At least three CaBPs are abundant in various types of nerve cells : calbindin-D28, calretinin, and parvalbumin. The sequence of chick calretinin, from cDNA clones, is 60% homologous to that of chick...
The present investigation has demonstrated that ionizing radiation in the therapeutic dose range stimulates a transient cellular generation of ROS/RNS. Temporally coincident is a radiation-induced reversible depolarization of the mitochondrial ΔΨ and decrease in mitochondrial entrapped calcein fluorescence, both hallmarks of the mitochondrial permeability transition. The amount of ROS/RNS generated is relatively constant over the dose range tested, but the number of cells that respond increases with the dose. The radiation-induced ROS/RNS generation, ΔΨ depolarization, and calcein release are inhibited by CsA but not by the structural analogue, CsH. Overexpression of the Ca2+-binding protein calbindin 28K or treatment of cells with BAPTA/AM, an intracellular Ca2+ chelator, also effectively block radiation-induced ROS/RNS. The increased ROS/RNS generation observed with radiation is common to all of the cell types examined but for one important exception, the mitochondrial DNA-less ρo ...
Here, we provided new as well as conclusive supporting evidence indicating that Pax6-dependent mechanisms control the generation of distinct neural sublineages of the MZ, IGLs, and SGLs in the developing cortex and possibly after birth.. In the absence of Pax6, the number of Reelin+/Calretinin+ cells in the MZ of Sey/Sey mutant progressively increases during embryogenesis based on a non-cell-autonomous mechanism that appears to include migration of Reelin- and Calretinin-positive cells accumulated in the OB remnants located in the lateral telencephalon (Jiménez et al., 2000; Stoykova et al., 2003). Because the Emx1-Cre line does not drive inactivation of the early expression of Pax6 in the olfactory placode, Emx1-Cre/Pax6cKO mice have differentiated OBs at a normal location. Despite this, the number of Reelin+, Calretinin+, and Tbr1+ cells in MZ was significantly augmented in these mutants. Several lines of evidence indicated the existence of a common progenitor pool in cortical VZ, capable of ...
The idea of Professors Bolis and Gilles to gather together for a 3 days meeting in the splendid environment of Crans-Montana in Switzerland a limited number of people around the subject of calcium an
Cornelissen, WB; de Laet, AB; Kroese, AB; Adriaensen, DW; van Bogaert, PP; Scheuermann, DW; Timmermans, JP (Oct 1999). Species-dependent features of Dogiel type II neurones in the mammalian enteric nervous system. European Journal of Morphology. 37 (4-5): 241-9. doi:10.1076/ejom.37.4.241.4730. PMID 10477469 ...
casSAR Dugability of Q9DB16 | Cab39l | Calcium-binding protein 39-like - Also known as CB39L_MOUSE, Cab39l. Component of a complex that binds and activates STK11/LKB1. In the complex, required to stabilize the interaction between CAB39/MO25 (CAB39/MO25alpha or CAB39L/MO25beta) and STK11/LKB1 (By similarity). Component of a trimeric complex composed of STK11/LKB1, STRAD (STRADA or STRADB) and CAB39/MO25 (CAB39/MO25alpha or CAB39L/MO25beta): the complex tethers STK11/LKB1 in the cytoplasm and stimulates its catalytic activity.
CAB39 antibody (calcium binding protein 39) for ICC/IF, IHC-P, WB. Anti-CAB39 pAb (GTX110628) is tested in Human, Mouse samples. 100% Ab-Assurance.
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Leyuan Bao, Adam F Odell, Sam L Stephen, Stephen B Wheatcroft, John H Walker, Sreenivasan Ponnambalam].

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It is encoded in humans by the CALB2 gene and was formerly known as calbindin-D29k. S100G, formerly calbindin 3 and calbindin- ... Calbindin 1 or simply calbindin was first shown to be present in the intestine in birds and then found in the mammalian kidney ... Calbindins are three different calcium-binding proteins: calbindin, calretinin and S100G. They were originally described as ... and calbindin 1 has six. Unlike calbindin 1 and 2, S100G is a member of the S100 family of calcium-binding proteins. S100G ...
... Steven Roy Daviss sdaviss at COSY.AB.UMD.EDU Wed Nov 17 09:49:08 EST 1993 *Previous message: ... See Lund and Lewis, JCN, 1993, for description of these in primates.) We found that calbindin-ir neurons were 50-70% increased ... those immunoreactive for CALBINDIN and for CALRETININ. ( ...
Calbindin 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CALB1 gene. It belongs to the calbindin family of calcium-binding ... "Entrez Gene: Calbindin 1". Retrieved 2018-10-04. Noble JW, Almalki R, Roe SM, Wagner A, Duman R, Atack JR (October 2018). "The ... Bauer MC, Nilsson H, Thulin E, Frohm B, Malm J, Linse S (April 2008). "Zn2+ binding to human calbindin D(28k) and the role of ... Tao L, Murphy ME, English AM (May 2002). "S-nitrosation of Ca(2+)-loaded and Ca(2+)-free recombinant calbindin D(28K) from ...
calbindin. Names. RTVL-H protein. calbindin 1, (28kD). calbindin 1, 28kDa. calbindin 27. calbindin D28. vitamin D-dependent ... CSF calbindin concentration is a sensitive biomarker of NPC1 disease Title: Cerebrospinal Fluid Calbindin D Concentration as a ... CALB1 calbindin 1 [Homo sapiens] CALB1 calbindin 1 [Homo sapiens]. Gene ID:793 ... calbindin 1provided by HGNC. Primary source. HGNC:HGNC:1434 See related. Ensembl:ENSG00000104327 MIM:114050 Gene type. protein ...
Notably, increasing DG calbindin levels, either by direct virus-mediated expression or inhibition of ΔFosB signaling, improves ... Hippocampal inhibition of ΔFosB or elevation of calbindin rescues spatial memory deficits in mouse models of AD. The calcium- ... Moreover, levels of ΔFosB and calbindin expression are inversely related in the DG of individuals with temporal lobe epilepsy ( ... However, despite the importance of calbindin in both neuronal physiology and pathology, the regulatory mechanisms that control ...
Calbindin D-28k occurs in all major pathways of the limbic system with the exception of the fornix. Calbindin D-28k is, however ... Springer, Berlin) is very rich in calbindin D-28k. The distribution of calbindin D-28k-positive neurons is very similar to that ... Calbindin D-28k is primarily associated with long-axon neurons (Golgi type I cells) exemplified by thalamic projection neurons ... Calbindin D-28k and parvalbumin in the rat nervous system.. Celio MR1. ...
K. Sooy, J. Kohut, and S. Christakos, "The role of calbindin and 1,25dihydroxyvitamin D. 3. in the kidney," Current Opinion in ... M. Takashi, Y. Zhu, K. Miyake, and K. Kato, "Urinary 28-kD calbindin-D as a new marker for damage to distal renal tubules ... Meso Scale Discovery and Luminex Comparative Analysis of Calbindin D28K. Samer Sourial, Maritha Marcusson-Ståhl, and Karin ... S. Hasegawa, K. Kato, M. Takashi et al., "Increased levels of calbindin-D in serum and urine from patients treated by ...
1IG5: Structural basis for the negative allostery between Ca(2+)- and Mg(2+)-binding in the intracellular Ca(2+)-receptor calbindin D9k.
... calbindin-D9k explanation free. What is calbindin-D9k? Meaning of calbindin-D9k medical term. What does calbindin-D9k mean? ... Looking for online definition of calbindin-D9k in the Medical Dictionary? ... calbindin-D9k. calbindin-D9k. A calcium-binding protein encoded by S100G, which is found in the intestinal epithelial cells. It ... Calbindin-D9k , definition of calbindin-D9k by Medical dictionary https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/calbindin- ...
The effects of Ca2+ binding on the conformation of calbindin D28K. A nuclear magnetic resonance and microelectrospray mass ... The effects of Ca2+ binding on the conformation of calbindin D28K: A nuclear magnetic resonance and microelectrospray mass ...
There is a paucity of information on the effects of calcium binding on calbindin D-28K structure. To further examine the ... Calbindin D-28K is a six-EF-hand calcium-binding protein found in the brain, peripheral nervous system, kidney, and intestine. ... mechanism and structural consequences of calcium binding to calbindin D-28K we performed detailed complementary heteronuclear ... Calbindin D-28K is a six-EF-hand calcium-binding protein found in the brain, peripheral nervous system, kidney, and intestine. ...
... calbindin D28) in rat brain and peripheral organs. Using a [35S]cRNA probe under high stringency conditions, specific mRNA was ... Localization of calbindin D28 mRNA in rat tissues by in situ hybridization Neurosci Lett. 1988 Mar 31;86(2):155-60. doi: ... Using a [35S]cRNA probe under high stringency conditions, specific mRNA was found in tissues well known for their calbindin D28 ... In situ hybridization histochemistry allows the precise identification of cells expressing calbindin D28 and offers a new ...
Calretinin, CR, Calb2, calbindin 2.. Introduction. Calretinin is an intracellular calcium-binding protein belonging to the ...
Rabbit Polyclonal Anti-Calbindin D-28K Antibody - Pre-diluted. Validated: IHC, IHC-P. Tested Reactivity: Human, Mouse, Rat. 100 ... Additional Calbindin D-28K Products. Calbindin D-28K NBP1-35393 * Calbindin D-28K Antibodies ... Home » Calbindin D-28K » Calbindin D-28K Antibodies » Calbindin D-28K Antibody - Pre-diluted ... Blogs on Calbindin D-28K. There are no specific blogs for Calbindin D-28K, but you can read our latest blog posts. ...
Find and compare multiple sources of anti-Calbindin antibody using the Linscotts Directory search engine. Monoclonal, ... Calbindin (Calbindin D28, D-28K, Spot 35 Protein, Vitamin D-dependent Calcium-binding Protein, Avian-type, Calb1). ... Recognizes mouse Calbindin (CALB). Immunogen. CALB (Glu3~Asn261); MRNKKFELGL EFPNLPYYID GDVKLTQSMA IIRYIADKHN MLGGCPKERA ...
Research proven mouse monoclonal Calbindin D anibody. EXcellent for immunohistochemistry, western blotting, ELISA and related ... Calbindin-D, also known as Calbindin 1, is a Vitamin D-dependent cytoplasmic protein in the EF-hand calcium binding protein ... Calbindin-D is widely expressed and regulates calcium homeostasis. Calbindin-D protects neurons from excitotoxic and apoptotic ... Calbindin D staining of paraffin-embedded human cerebellum and frozen rat hypothalamus sections using 25 µg/mL mouse anti-human ...
The solution structures of mutant calbindin D9ks, as determined by NMR, show that the calcium-binding site can adopt different ... CALBINDIN D9K A 76 Bos taurus Mutation: A15D, P20G, P43M Gene Name(s): S100G Gene View CALB3 S100D ... THE SOLUTION STRUCTURES OF MUTANT CALBINDIN D9KS, AS DETERMINED BY NMR, SHOW THAT THE CALCIUM BINDING SITE CAN ADOPT DIFFERENT ...
Expression Pattern of Calbindin Immunoreactivity in Hippocampal Dentate Gyrus of Patients Who Underwent Epilepsy Surgery with ... Depression and Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: Expression Pattern of Calbindin Immunoreactivity in Hippocampal Dentate Gyrus of ...
Calbindin. Calbindin je termín označující skupinu transportních proteinů v buňkách tenkého střeva a v ledvinách. Tyto proteiny ...
We report studies of the human calbindin-D9k promoter. Differences between the reported sequences of the human calbindin-D9k ... Factors involved in the duodenal expression of the human calbindin-D9k gene. Natalie F. BARLEY, S. Radhika PRATHALINGAM, Pang ... Calbindin-D9k is expressed in the cytoplasm of intestinal cells, where it is critical for dietary calcium absorption. Two ... The calbindin-D9k gene contains multiple potential binding sites for homeobox transcription factors; one of these, known as IPF ...
To further investigate the role of calbindin D28k in Alzheimers disease (AD); hippocampus, superior temporal gyrus and ... Calbindin D28k mRNA in hippocampus, superior temporal gyrus and cerebellum: comparison between control and Alzheimer disease ... To further investigate the role of calbindin D28k in Alzheimers disease (AD); hippocampus, superior temporal gyrus and ...
Synthesis of calbindin-D28K during mineralization in human bone marrow stromal cells. Corinne FAUCHEUX, Reine BAREILLE, Joëlle ... Calbindin-D28K protein was identified only in cells arising from the sixth subculture, which exhibited a calcified matrix and ... In conclusion, the studies in vitro described in the present paper indicate, for the first time, a possible role of calbindin- ... Moreover, vitamin D3 enhanced calbindin-D28K synthesis as well as OC synthesis and alkaline phosphatase activity. Uptake of 45 ...
Overall levels of calbindin were higher in the HP of corticosterone-treated birds, due almost entirely to elevated calbindin ... Calbindin-D28k is constitutively expressed in cells of the nervous system but increases in concentration following a neurotoxic ... Calbindin-D28k Expression Increases in the Dorsolateral Hippocampus Following Corticosterone Treatment in Female Zebra Finches ... We hypothesized that treatment of female zebra finches with a glucocorticoid (corticosterone) would increase calbindin ...
Calbindin D-28k and parvalbumin immunoreactivity in the frontal cortex in patients with frontal lobe dementia of non-Alzheimer ... Calbindin D-28k and parvalbumin immunoreactivity in the frontal cortex in patients with frontal lobe dementia of non-Alzheimer ... Calbindin D-28k and parvalbumin immunoreactivity in the frontal cortex in patients with frontal lobe dementia of non-Alzheimer ...
Calbindin 28K and calretinin are very similar calcium binding proteins which are both present in the central nervous system ( ... Calbindin 28K is also present in the endocrine system. We have examined the cellular distribution of calbindin in the ... Calbindin 28K and calretinin are very similar calcium binding proteins which are both present in the central nervous system ( ... Pochet R, Pipeleers DG and Malaisse WJ (1987). Calbindin D 27 kDa: preferential localization in non-B islet cells of the rat ...
Calbindin D-28k Parvalbumin GABA MeSH Terms expand_less. expand_more. Animals Calbindins Calcium Carrier Proteins Cats ... 5. Calbindin D-28k and parvalbumin-immunoreactive cells were round, oval, spindle or polygonal in shape and were 15~20 ... 3. Calbindin immunoreactive cells in the substans nigr were more than twice in number compared to the parvalbumin ... Immunocytochemical Studies of Calbindin D-28k and Parvalbumin-Containing GABAergic Neurons in the Midbrain of the Cat. ...
Although Calbindin-D9k (CaBP-9k), a cytosolic calcium binding protein which has calcium binding sites, is expressed in various ... Reproduced with permission from Yun S-M, Choi KC, Kim IH, An BS, Lee GS, Hong EJ, Son JH, Oh GT, Jeung E-B 2004 Calbindin-D9k ... Yun SM, Choi KC, Kim IH, An BS, Lee GS, Hong EJ, Oh GT, Jeung EB: Dominant expression of porcine Calbindin-D9k in the uterus ... An BS, Choi KC, Kang SK, Lee GS, Hong EJ, Hwang WS, Jeung EB: Mouse calbindin-D(9k) gene expression in the uterus during late ...
Calbindin-D28k Antibody 14479-1-AP has been identified with IF, IHC, IP, WB, ELISA. 14479-1-AP detected 28 kDa band in mouse ... Calbindin-D28k Antibody 3 Publications. Rabbit Polyclonal, Catalog number: 14479-1-AP Featured Product KD/KO validated ... IHC result of Calbindin antibody (14479-1-AP, 1:5000 in 1% BSA 0.3%Tx-100 Tris buffer incubated at 4℃ overnight) with freshly ... IHC result of Calbindin antibody (14479-1-AP, 1:5000 in 1% BSA 0.3%Tx-100 Tris buffer incubated at 4℃ overnight) with freshly ...
A distinct group of calbindin-IR neurons was present in the ventral medulla. Seventy-five percent of these calbindin-IR neurons ... A distinct group of calbindin-IR neurons was present in the ventral medulla. Seventy-five percent of these calbindin-IR neurons ... Immunocytochemistry was used to reveal calbindin, TH, PNMT, and CTB immunoreactivity. Ten calbindin-IR cell groups were ... Immunocytochemistry was used to reveal calbindin, TH, PNMT, and CTB immunoreactivity. Ten calbindin-IR cell groups were ...
Sprekeler, N; Kowalewski, M P; Boos, A (2012). TRPV6 and Calbindin-D9k-expression and localization in the bovine uterus and ... TRPV6 and Calbindin-D9k-expression and localization in the bovine uterus and placenta during pregnancy ... BACKGROUND: Transient receptor potential channel type 6 (TRPV6) and Calbindin-D9k (CaBP-9k) are involved in the active calcium ... BACKGROUND: Transient receptor potential channel type 6 (TRPV6) and Calbindin-D9k (CaBP-9k) are involved in the active calcium ...

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