A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is used for food in NIGERIA.
A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is a fast-growing and soybean-nodulating innoculant.
OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS with the soil fungus FUSARIUM. Typically the infection is limited to the nail plate (ONYCHOMYCOSIS). The infection can however become systemic especially in an IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOST (e.g., NEUTROPENIA) and results in cutaneous and subcutaneous lesions, fever, KERATITIS, and pulmonary infections.
Enzymes that catalyze the dehydrogenation of GLYCERALDEHYDE 3-PHOSPHATE. Several types of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate-dehydrogenase exist including phosphorylating and non-phosphorylating varieties and ones that transfer hydrogen to NADP and ones that transfer hydrogen to NAD.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
A plant genus of the family APIACEAE used for flavoring food.
A plant genus in the family POACEAE. Brachypodium distachyon is a model species for functional genomics studies.
A plant species of the family FABACEAE that yields edible seeds, the familiar peanuts, which contain protein, oil and lectins.
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
Devices for accelerating protons or electrons in closed orbits where the accelerating voltage and magnetic field strength varies (the accelerating voltage is held constant for electrons) in order to keep the orbit radius constant.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that contains LECTINS. Many members have been reclassified into other genera of the FABACEAE family.
A low-molecular-weight protein (minimum molecular weight 8000) which has the ability to inhibit trypsin as well as chymotrypsin at independent binding sites. It is characterized by a high cystine content and the absence of glycine.
Production of a radiographic image of a small or very thin object on fine-grained photographic film under conditions which permit subsequent microscopic examination or enlargement of the radiograph at linear magnifications of up to several hundred and with a resolution approaching the resolving power of the photographic emulsion (about 1000 lines per millimeter).
The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.
Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.
Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.

Sinorhizobium fredii HH103 mutants affected in capsular polysaccharide (KPS) are impaired for nodulation with soybean and Cajanus cajan. (1/30)

The Sinorhizobium fredii HH103 rkp-1 region, which is involved in capsular polysaccharides (KPS) production, was isolated and sequenced. The organization of the S. fredii genes identified, rkpUAGHIJ and kpsF3, was identical to that described for S. meliloti 1021 but different from that of S. meliloti AK631. The long rkpA gene (7.5 kb) of S. fredii HH103 and S. meliloti 1021 appears as a fusion of six clustered AK631 genes, rkpABCDEF. S. fredii HH103-Rif(r) mutants affected in rkpH or rkpG were constructed. An exoA mutant unable to produce exopolysaccharide (EPS) and a double mutant exoA rkpH also were obtained. Glycine max (soybean) and Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea) plants inoculated with the rkpH, rkpG, and rkpH exoA derivatives of S. fredii HH103 showed reduced nodulation and severe symptoms of nitrogen starvation. The symbiotic capacity of the exoA mutant was not significantly altered. All these results indicate that KPS, but not EPS, is of crucial importance for the symbiotic capacity of S. fredii HH103-Rif(r). S. meliloti strains that produce only EPS or KPS are still effective with alfalfa. In S. fredii HH103, however, EPS and KPS are not equivalent, because mutants in rkp genes are symbiotically impaired regardless of whether or not EPS is produced.  (+info)

Protective effect of a 43 kD protein from the leaves of the herb, Cajanus indicus L on chloroform induced hepatic-disorder. (2/30)

Cajanus indicus is a herb with medicinal properties and is traditionally used to treat various forms of liver disorders. Present study aimed to evaluate the effect of a 43 kD protein isolated from the leaves of this herb against chloroform induced hepatotoxicity. Male albino mice were intraperitoneally treated with 2 mg/kg body weight of the protein for 5 days followed by oral application of chloroform (0.75 ml/kg body weight) for 2 days. Different biochemical parameters related to physiology and pathophysiology of liver, such as, serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase and alkaline phosphatase were determined in the murine sera under various experimental conditions. Direct antioxidant role of the protein was also determined from its reaction with Diphenyl picryl hydroxyl radical, superoxide radical and hydrogen peroxide. To find out the mode of action of this protein against chloroform induced liver damage, levels of antioxidant enzymes catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione-S-transferase were measured from liver homogenates. Peroxidation of membrane lipids both in vivo and in vitro were also measured as malonaldialdehyde. Finally, histopathological analyses were done from liver sections of control, toxin treated and protein pre- and post-treated (along with the toxin) mice. Levels of serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase and alkaline phosphatase, which showed an elevation in chloroform induced hepatic damage, were brought down near to the normal levels with the protein pretreatment. On the contrary, the levels of antioxidant enzymes such as catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione-S-transferase that had gone down in mice orally fed with chloroform were significantly elevated in protein pretreated ones. Besides, chloroform induced lipid peroxidation was effectively reduced by protein treatment both in vivo and in vitro. In cell free system the protein effectively quenched diphenyl picryl hydroxyl radical and superoxide radical, though it could not catalyse the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide. Post treatment with the protein for 3 days after 2 days of chloroform administration showed similar results. Histopathological studies indicated that chloroform induced extensive tissue damage was less severe in the mice livers treated with the 43 kD protein prior and post to the toxin administration. Results from all these data suggest that the protein possesses both preventive and curative role against chloroform induced hepatotoxicity and probably acts by an anti-oxidative defense mechanism.  (+info)

Insect odour perception: recognition of odour components by flower foraging moths. (3/30)

Odours emitted by flowers are complex blends of volatile compounds. These odours are learnt by flower-visiting insect species, improving their recognition of rewarding flowers and thus foraging efficiency. We investigated the flexibility of floral odour learning by testing whether adult moths recognize single compounds common to flowers on which they forage. Dual choice preference tests on Helicoverpa armigera moths allowed free flying moths to forage on one of three flower species; Argyranthemum frutescens (federation daisy), Cajanus cajan (pigeonpea) or Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco). Results showed that, (i) a benzenoid (phenylacetaldehyde) and a monoterpene (linalool) were subsequently recognized after visits to flowers that emitted these volatile constituents, (ii) in a preference test, other monoterpenes in the flowers' odour did not affect the moths' ability to recognize the monoterpene linalool and (iii) relative preferences for two volatiles changed after foraging experience on a single flower species that emitted both volatiles. The importance of using free flying insects and real flowers to understand the mechanisms involved in floral odour learning in nature are discussed in the context of our findings.  (+info)

Amelioration of galactosamine-induced nephrotoxicity by a protein isolated from the leaves of the herb, Cajanus indicus L. (4/30)

BACKGROUND: Galactosamine (GalN), an established experimental toxin, mainly causes liver injury via the generation of free radicals and depletion of UTP nucleotides. Renal failure is often associated with end stage liver damage. GalN intoxication also induces renal dysfunction in connection with hepatic disorders. Present study was designed to find out the effect of a protein isolated from the leaves of the herb Cajanus indicus against GalN induced renal damage. METHODS: Both preventive as well as curative effect of the protein was investigated in the study. GalN was administered intraperitoneally at a dose of 800 mg/kg body weight for 3 days pre and post to protein treatment at an intraperitoneal dose of 2 mg/kg body weight for 4 days. The activities of antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST), levels of cellular metabolites, reduced glutathione (GSH), total thiols, oxidized glutathione (GSSG) and lipid peroxidation end products were determined to estimate the status of the antioxidative defense system. In addition, serum creatinine and urea nitrogen (UN) levels were also measured as a marker of nephrotoxicity. RESULTS: Results showed that GalN treatment significantly increased the serum creatinine and UN levels compared to the normal group of mice. The extent of lipid peroxidation and the level of GSSG were also enhanced by the GalN intoxication whereas the activities of antioxidant enzymes SOD, CAT, GR and GST as well as the levels of total thiols and GSH were decreased in the kidney tissue homogenates. Protein treatment both prior and post to the toxin administration successfully altered the effects in the experimental mice. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed that GalN caused a severe oxidative insult in the kidney. Protein treatment both pre and post to the GalN intoxication could protect the kidney tissue against GalN induced oxidative stress. As GalN induced severe hepatotoxicity followed by renal failure, the protective role of the protein against GalN induced renal damages is likely to be an indirect effect. Since the protein possess hepatoprotective activity, it may first ameliorate GalN-induced liver damage and consequently the renal disorders are reduced. To the best of our knowledge, this is probably the first report describing GalN-induced oxidative stress in renal damages and the protective role of a plant protein molecule against it.  (+info)

A 43 kD protein isolated from the herb Cajanus indicus L attenuates sodium fluoride-induced hepatic and renal disorders in vivo. (5/30)

The herb, Cajanus indicus L, is well known for its hepatoprotective action. A 43 kD protein has been isolated, purified and partially sequenced from the leaves of this herb. A number of in vivo and in vitro studies carried out in our laboratory suggest that this protein might be a major component responsible for the hepatoprotective action of the herb. Our successive studies have been designed to evaluate the potential efficacy of this protein in protecting the hepatic as well as renal tissues from the sodium fluoride (NaF) induced oxidative stress. The experimental groups of mice were exposed to NaF at a dose of 600 ppm through drinking water for one week. This exposure significantly altered the activities of the antioxidant enzymes like superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), glutathione reductase (GR) and the cellular metabolites such as reduced glutathione (GSH), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), total thiols, lipid peroxidation end products in liver and kidney compared to the normal mice. Intraperitoneal administration of the protein at a dose of 2 mg/kg body weight for seven days followed by NaF treatment (600 ppm for next seven days) normalized the activities of the hepato-renal antioxidant enzymes, the level of cellular metabolites and lipid peroxidation end products. Post treatment with the protein for four days showed that it could help recovering the damages after NaF administration. Time-course study suggests that the protein could stimulate the recovery of both the organs faster than natural process. Effects of a known antioxidant, vitamin E, and a non-relevant protein, bovine serum albumin (BSA) have been included in the study to validate the experimental data. Combining all, result suggests that NaF could induce severe oxidative stress both in the liver and kidney tissues in mice and the protein possessed the ability to attenuate that hepato-renal toxic effect of NaF probably via its antioxidant activity.  (+info)

Anti-oxidative effect of a protein from Cajanus indicus L against acetaminophen-induced hepato-nephro toxicity. (6/30)

Overdoses of acetaminophen cause hepato-renal oxidative stress. The present study was undertaken to investigate the protective effect of a 43 kDa protein isolated from the herb Cajanus indicus, against acetaminophen-induced hepatic and renal toxicity. Male albino mice were treated with the protein for 4 days (intraperitoneally, 2 mg/kg body wt) prior or post to oral administration of acetaminophen (300 mg/kg body wt) for 2 days. Levels of different marker enzymes (namely, glutamate pyruvate transaminase and alkaline phosphatase), creatinine and blood urea nitrogen were measured in the experimental sera. Intracellular reactive oxygen species production and total antioxidant activity were also determined from acetaminophen and protein treated hepatocytes. Indices of different antioxidant enzymes (namely, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione-S-transferase) as well as lipid peroxidation end-products and glutathione were determined in both liver and kidney homogenates. In addition, Cytochrome P450 activity was also measured from liver microsomes. Finally, histopathological studies were performed from liver sections of control, acetaminophen-treated and protein pre- and post-treated (along with acetaminophen) mice. Administration of acetaminophen increased all the serum markers and creatinine levels in mice sera along with the enhancement of hepatic and renal lipid peroxidation. Besides, application of acetaminophen to hepatocytes increased reactive oxygen species production and reduced the total antioxidant activity of the treated hepatocytes. It also reduced the levels of antioxidant enzymes and cellular reserves of glutathione in liver and kidney. In addition, acetaminophen enhanced the cytochrome P450 activity of liver microsomes. Treatment with the protein significantly reversed these changes to almost normal. Apart from these, histopathological changes also revealed the protective nature of the protein against acetaminophen induced necrotic damage of the liver tissues. Results suggest that the protein protects hepatic and renal tissues against oxidative damages and could be used as an effective protector against acetaminophen induced hepato-nephrotoxicity.  (+info)

Fertility restoration in cytoplasmic-nuclear male-sterile lines derived from 3 wild relatives of pigeonpea. (7/30)

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Purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of urease from pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan). (8/30)

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The effect of Arachis hypogaea and Cajanus cajan diets on the serum lipid profile of 30 female albino rats were evaluated. The rats were separated into 5 groups of six rats each as follows: A- rats fed on normal feed, B - rats fed on 50% Arachis hypogaea diet, C- rats fed on 70% Arachis hypogaea, D - rats fed on 50% Cajanus cajan diet and E- rats fed on 70% Cajanus cajan. The study lasted for 28 days and at the end of the feeding experiment, the rats were bled and serum obtained used for total cholesterol, LDL, HDL, triacylglycerol and VLDL assays using standard biochemical methods. The results of the study showed significant decrease (P,0.05) in total cholesterol, VLDL, LDL and triacylglycerol concentrations of rats feds on Cajanus cajan (groups D and E) when compared to those of the control (group A) and those fed on Arachis hypogaea diet (groups B and C). However, there was no significant difference (P,0.05) observed in the HDL levels of rats fed on Cajanus cajan and those of control (group ...
Daniel Mynheer Cajanus (1704 - 27 February 1749) was a Finnish giant. He made his living by exhibiting himself for money; he appeared in many European countries and attracted the interest of scientists and laypeople, including royalty. After his death, portions of his skeleton found their way into museums, where some parts still remain. Cajanus was born in Paltamo, Oulu, Finland, the son of a clergyman. Finland was at that time part of Sweden, and Cajanus was often referred to as the Swedish Giant. Estimates of his adult height vary and range as high as 8 feet 1.4 inches (2.474 m). Jan Bondeson, a medical professional and author who has researched and written on Cajanus, suggests that his true height was around 7 feet 8 inches (2.34 m), supported by contemporaneous accounts in the London Annual Register. Various unconfirmed versions of his early life exist, but tax records indicate he may have left the country in 1723 or soon afterward, and Finnish and Swedish tradition recounts that he joined ...
Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) is an important grain legume. It is Kenyas third most important legume after common beans and cowpea. The potential yield of the crop in the region has not been realized due to insect infestation that causes losses of up to 65% in severe attacks and Fusarium wilt disease which is the most devastating disease in the region. This important crop has limited genetic variability within its centers of origin and cultivated lines which make it hard for improvement against disease and pests through conventional breeding. Modern biotechnology offers a window to overcome this hurdle. Through genetic engineering, genes from unrelated organisms carrying traits of interest can be transferred to the target organisms in order to improve both quality of the harvested grain as well a,, yield quantity. The objective of this study was to optimize a transformation protocol previously reported by Sharma and co-workers from ICRISAT in India using Agrobacterium ...
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase has been purified from pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seeds and subjected to characterization. The enzyme was purified 123.69 fold with a yield of 21.37% by ammonium sulphate fractionation, PEG-4000 precipitation, CM cellulose column chromatography and DEAE cellulose column chromatography. The catalytically active enzyme is a dimer of 113 KDa with a subunit molecular weight of 55 KDa. Thermal inactivation of enzyme follows first order kinetics at 30°C and 40°C with half life of 6 and 1.5 min respectively. Km value for glucose-6-phosphate and NADP+ was found to be 2.68 mM and 0.75 mM respectively whereas Vmax value was found to be 0.11 U/mL and 0.13 U/mL respectively. The enzyme shows more affinity towards NADP+ than glucose-6-phosphate. The pKa value was found to be 10.41 indicating that the amino acid residue at active site might be lysine. The enzyme exhibited maximum catalytic activity at pH 8.2. The enzyme was found to be highly thermosensitive with gradual loss
Carbohydrates, calcium, iron, and minerals are found in sufficient quantity in it, due to being a pulse crop, it also increases the fertility of the soil. Pigeon Pea Crop Farming Guide - Additional benefits can be taken by growing tur as a mixed crop along with any other crop.It is the main Kharif crop. Pollination: Often-cross pollinated Common Name: Pigeon Pea, Congo Pea, Red Gram, Arhar, Tur 4 5. These are the first genetic linkage maps developed for pigeon pea, and this is the first report of genetic mapping in any grain legume using diversity arrays technology. Chromosome 9 showed high number of matches with chromosomes 2, 12, 3, 11 and 16 of soybean. Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan), an important grain legume, is susceptible to Fusarium wilt (FW), sterility mosaic disease (SMD), and Phytophthora blight. Cajanus/genetics* Chromosome Mapping* Chromosomes, Plant/genetics Pigeon pea [Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp.] It is considered a good crop for areas with less irrigation. Moreover, the effects of ...
Iwu, M.M., A.O. Igboke, H. Unwubiko and U.E. Ndu (1988) Effect of calaminose from Cajanus cajan on gelation and oxygen affinity of sickle cell haemoglobin. [Publication] Full text not available from this repository ...
A trial was conducted to evaluate the influence of antinutritional factors in some feedstuffs on broiler chicks performance and intestinal epithelium. A total of 480 one-day old broiler chicks were allotted to a completely randomized experimental design with four treatments (A= corn and soybean meal based control diet; B = diet containing Leucaena leucocephala - 6% [LL]; C = diet containing Leucaena cunningan - 6% [LC] and D = diet containing Pigeous bean - Cajanus cajan - 20% [CC]), four replicates and 30 broiler chicks per experimental unit. The broiler chicks, which were fed with LL and LC containing diets showed lower weight gain and a worse feed: gain in the periods from 1 to 21 and from 1 to 42 days of age. At 21st days of age only the broiler chicks fed with LC containing diet showed a higher villi size in jejunum and villi: crypt ratio in jejunum and ileum. There was significant increase on the number of Goblet cells in the duodenum and jejunum in the broiler chicks of all treatments at ...
The department of appreciated its former Heads of Department for their exemplary service on Thursday, 23rd November, 2017 front raw fro right Prof Michieka,Prof Mukunya,Prof Mutitu,Prof Waithaka, Prof Cheminingwa and Prof Hutchinson current chairman. ...
A set of forty nine abiotic stress tolerant rhizobia of pigeon pea plant were isolated from four districts of Haryana, India to study plant growth promoting attributes. It was observed that Indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) production was low and varied from 0.16 μg ml-1 to 9.50 μg ml-1. However, only 35% rhizobial isolates were siderophore producer. Interesting results were obtained as 96% of rhizobial isolates form significant zone of P-solubilization on Pikovskayas medium and their P-solubilization index (P-SI) varied from 1.2 to 3.7. Among the forty nine rhizobial isolates, 49% of the isolates showed growth on 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) supplemented plates while most of the isolates showed growth on ammonium sulphate plates. Rhizobium with the plant growth promoting (PGP) attributes have potential for increased tolerance to high salt, water potential, pH and temperature stresses, therefore could enhance production of food and forage legumes in semiarid and arid regions of the world.
ID A0A151R9I9_CAJCA Unreviewed; 418 AA. AC A0A151R9I9; DT 08-JUN-2016, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 08-JUN-2016, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 7. DE SubName: Full=Putative cyclic nucleotide-gated ion channel 19 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYP39025.1}; DE Flags: Fragment; GN ORFNames=KK1_039698 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYP39025.1}; OS Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) (Cajanus indicus). OC Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; OC Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; OC Pentapetalae; rosids; fabids; Fabales; Fabaceae; Papilionoideae; OC Phaseoleae; Cajanus. OX NCBI_TaxID=3821 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYP39025.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000075243}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYP39025.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000075243} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=cv. Asha {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000075243}; RX PubMed=22057054; DOI=10.1038/nbt.2022; RA Varshney R.K., Chen W., Li Y., Bharti A.K., Saxena R.K., RA Schlueter J.A., Donoghue ...
The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan)and (arhar) is a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae. Since its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food grain in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. It is consumed on a large scale mainly in south Asia and is a major source of protein for the population of that subcontinent. The pigeon pea is known by numerous names with different etymologies, tropical green pea, gungo pea in Jamaica, tuver touror arhar in India, red gram, and gandule bean. The cultivation of the pigeon pea goes back at least 3,500 years. The centre of origin is probably peninsular India, where the closest wild relatives (Cajanus cajanifolia) occur in tropical deciduous woodlands. Archaeological finds of pigeon pea dating to about 3400 years ago (14th century BC) have been found at Neolithic sites in Kalaburagi, Karnataka (Sanganakallu) and its border areas (Tuljapur Garhi in Maharashtra and Gopalpur in Orissa) and also the south Indian ...
Al-Whaibi M, Siddiqui M, Basalah M (2012). Salicylic acid and calcium-induced protection of wheat against salinity. Protoplasma 249(3):769-778. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00709-011-0322-1 Ambasta S (2004). National Institute of Science Communication. The useful plants of India. 4th ed. New Delhi pp 94-95. Anaya F, Fghire R, Wahbi S, Loutfi K (2015). Influence of salicylic acid on seed germination of Vicia faba L. under salt stress. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences 17:1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssas.2015.10.002 AOSA (2000). Association of official seed analysts. Rules for testing seeds. Proceedings of the Association of Official Seed Analysts 60(2):39. Apogee Instruments Incorporated (2007). How it works? Retrieved 2007 June 26 from http://www.apogeeinstruments.com. Arnon D (1949). Copper enzyme polyphenoloxide in isolated chloroplast in Beta vulgaris. Journal of Agriculture 2:1-9. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.24.1.1 Azooz MM (2009). Salt stress mitigation by seed priming ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Consensus based on the populations ICPB_2049/ICPL_99050-F2, ICPA_2039/ICPR_2447-F2, ICPA_2043/ICPR_3467-F2, ICPA_2043/ICPR_2671-F2 ...
Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) has been exploited in the commercial pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] hybrid breeding system; however, the molecular mechanism behind this system is unknown. To understand the underlying molecular mechanism involved in A4 CMS system derived from C. cajanifolius (Haines) Maesen, 34 mitochondrial genes were analyzed for expression profiling and structural variation analysis between CMS line (ICRISAT Pigeonpea A line, ICPA 2039) and its cognate maintainer (ICPB 2039). Expression profiling of 34 mitochondrial genes revealed nine genes with significant fold differential gene expression at P ≤ 0.01, including one gene, nad4L, with 1366-fold higher expression in CMS line as compared with the maintainer. Structural variation analysis of these mitochondrial genes identified length variation between ICPA 2039 and ICPB 2039 for nad7a (subunit of nad7 gene). Sanger sequencing of nad4L and nad7a genes in the CMS and the maintainer lines identified two single ...
Maize (Zea mays L.) is a major staple food in Sub-Saharan Africa but low soil fertility, limited resources and droughts keep yields low. Cultivation of maize intercropped with pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L. Millsp.) is common in some areas of eastern and southern Africa. The objectives of this study were (1) to investigate dry matter, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) accumulation in different plant components of maize-pigeonpea intercropping systems and (2) to report the effects of the intercrops on soil fertility. Maize-pigeonpea intercrops were compared to sole maize grown using farmers practices. Intercropping maize and pigeonpea increased (P,0.05) total system yield compared to sole maize in terms of biomass, N and P accumulation. Pigeonpea planted in maize did not reduce (P,0.05) the accumulation of dry matter, N nor P in the maize grain. The harvest indices of maize, calculated on basis dry matter, N or P did not differ either (P,0.05). Total soil C and N contents and inorganic N content, ...
Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.) is cultivated by many farmers in the semi-arid areas of Kenya as a source of food and cash. However, the yields have remained low, ranging between 500 to 800 kg haˉ¹. Apart from ...
Thirty-eight isolates of Fusarium udum obtained frornpigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) plants showing wilt symptoms were collected from various districts in Kenya and tested for variability in vegetative compatibility groups (YCG) and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). Nitrate non-utilising mutants were generated from F. udumisolates by selecting chlorate-resistant sectors on minimal medium amended with 15 g 1.1 potassium chlorate. All the isolates of F. udum were grouped into a single YCG (YCG I) with two subgroups YCG I I and YCG.I Il. The DNA of-the fungal isolates was extracted using CTAB method. The AFLP analysis of 38 isolates using seven primer combinations generated a total of3 is fragments with 102 being polymorphic (32% polymorphism). The isolates could be grouped into one AFLP group with more than ten subgroups based on the analysis of the banding patterns, although most of these subgroups were not significantly distant «50% confidence. interval) genetically. Based on YCG and ...
Sterility mosaic disease (SMD) caused by Pigeonpea sterility mosaic virus and vectored by the eriophyid mite is a serious disease of pigeonpea in almost all pigeonpea-growing areas. Managing the disease with chemicals such as acaricides is very difficult, non-eco-friendly and costly; hence, host plant resistance is the best strategy implemented to manage this disease. In this context, 28 pigeonpea genotypes identified as resistant from preliminary screening of 976 pigeonpea accessions were evaluated in field at eight different agro-ecological locations in India for the stability of their resistance against SMD during 2007/2008 and 2008/2009. Genotype plus genotype × environment (GGE) analysis partitioned main effects into genotype, environments and G × E interactions and showed significant effects (P , 0.001) for SMD percentage incidence. Environment variance had the greatest effect (76.68 %), indicating the maximum variation in the disease due to the environment. At Bangalore, Dholi and ...
How about a living fence that gives you privacy and puts food on the table? Yup, the summer months offer us a perfect chance to screen a hot tub or back yard from view with graceful green growth, lovely red and yellow flowers while providing a steady source of tropical beans savored all over the Caribbean. And when is the last time you bought a privacy fence for about $1 at a grocery store? Go straight to the ethnic foods isle where the Cuban foods are and buy a bag of dried Gandule Beans, also called Pigeon Peas. This tropical perennial legume is known botanically as Cajanus cajan and loves a hot humid climate yet will usually will regrow from the bottom following a freeze here in central Florida. (And if not, spend another dollar!). Just plant one bean about 1 inch deep every foot all along where you wish your fence to grow, and water weekly if there is no rain. While they will grow faster in improved fertile soil, gandule beans do well in most soils once the summer rains kick ...
Elastin is restricted to few amino acids and its protein constitutes blood vessels in the body as well as tumors. It is believed that when the body is deprived of those amino acids that constitute elastin, little amount would be available to constitute those tumors. Five underutilized legumes; Vigna subterranean (A), Cajanus cajan (B), Phaseolus lunatus (C), Canavalia ensiformis (D), Mucuna pruriens (E) were composited to obtain the minimum score of the amino acids that would supply amino acids to build elastin. Response Surface Methodology (RSM), D-optimal model was used to obtain 45 experimental runs made up of these underutilized proteins. Proteins were extracted and hydrolyzed and their amino acids were analyzed with HPLC system. The amino acids score in elastin (AASE) or values were obtained by simply adding up the six constituent amino acids in elastin (glycine, proline, valine, leucine isoleucine and alanine). Subsequently, the legumes that could constitute for such AASE minimum score of ...
The arsenic (As) influence on the relative growth rate (TCR) and on the antioxidant system of four leguminous species: Leucocephala leucocephala, Sesbania grandiflora (woody), Cajanus cajan and Crotalaria spectabilis (shrub), it was evaluated, as well as, the accumulation of this element for these species. After the exhibition of these species to the As, in nutritious solution, they were appraised TCR and the enzymatic activity of the enzymes: superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POX), ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and glutathione reductase (GR) and the accumulation of As for the same ones. Of the woody species, S. grandiflora showed minor influences of the As on TCR, besides presenting larger accumulation of this element than L. leucocephala. The largest tolerance presented by S. grandiflora can be related to efficient of the antioxidant system of the same. S. grandiflora, when cultivated in nutritious solution without addition of As, it presented the largest activities of the ...
Proyecto financiado parcialmente con recursos de la Fundación MacArthur La presente investigación se enmarca en la búsqueda de estrategias que concilien la producción con la conservación de los recursos naturales. Forma parte del programa institucional de El Colegio de la Frontera Sur para impulsar el desarrollo sustentable de las comunidades mayas del estado de Chiapas. El objeto de este proyecto es contribuir al diseño de sistemas agroforestales en comunidades mayas del estado de Chiapas. Se desarrollará el sistema de café y ganadería indígena en cinco comunidades de la zona norte Tzitzil Tzeltal del estado de Chiapas. Para el diseño de un sistema silvopastoril alternativo, se desarrollarán pruebas agronómicas y de valoración nutricional forrajera, con especies promisorias como: Calliandra Houstoniana, Erythrina berteroana, Erythrina peoppigiana, Gliricidia sepium, Guazana ulmifolia, Leucaena leucocephala y Cajanus cajan. En el sistema de café se evaluarán las principales entre ...
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The present investigation was undertaken with a view of expedition of putative restorers for the development of high yielding rabi sorghum hybrids. Three CMS line were tested with ten restorers in line × tester mating design to evaluate seed set per cent and fertility restoration behavior. Restorers AKRB-335-3, Rb-413-1, AKRB-428, AKRB-429, AKRB-430 and AKRB-431 exhibited high fertility restoration ability in the CMS lines and therefore, hybrids viz. AKMS 30A×AKRB-335-3, AKMS 30A×AKRB-428, AKMS 30A×Rb-413-1, AKMS 30A×AKRB-429, AKMS 30A×AKRB-430, AKMS 30A×AKRB-431, AKRMS 45A×AKRB-335-3, AKRMS 45A×AKRB-428 and AKRMS 45A×Rb-413-1 showed high seed set percentage with anther fertility rating (9.0). The inheritance of fertility restoration revealed that observed frequency fits well into Mendelian ration of 3:1 for seed setting indicates that fertility restoration is governed by single dominant gene. Cluster analysis differentiate thirty hybrids in three classes, fully fertile revealed that ...
Cymbidium is a genus of 68 species in the orchid family, with extremely high ornamental value. Marker-assisted selection has proven to be an effective strategy in accelerating plant breeding for many plant species. Analysis of cymbidiums genetic background by molecular markers can be of great value in assisting parental selection and breeding strategy design, however, in plants such as cymbidiums limited genomic resources exist. In order to obtain efficient markers, we deep sequenced the C. ensifolium transcriptome to identify simple sequence repeats derived from gene regions (genic-SSR). The 7,936 genic-SSR markers were identified. A total of 80 genic-SSRs were selected, and primers were designed according to their flanking sequences. Of the 80 genic-SSR primer sets, 62 were amplified in C. ensifolium successfully, and 55 showed polymorphism when cross-tested among 9 Cymbidium species comprising 59 accessions. Unigenes containing the 62 genic-SSRs were searched against Non-redundant (Nr), Gene Ontology
Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Arroz con Gandules y leche de coco (rice and pigeon pea with coconut milk) based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including White Rice, medium grain, Goya Pigeon Peas (Gandules), Extra Light Olive Oil, Coconut Milk (Silk), Onions, raw and the other ingredients in this recipe.
This Paruppu Kozhambu is prepared with Coconut gravy and Tamarind paste. This easy to make dish is different from the regular Lentil or Dal variety. It goes well with plain steamed Rice as well as Jeera Rice. You can have it as a stand-alone soup also.. Ingredients:. To cook Dal:. Pigeon Pea Lentil (Tur Dal) - ½ cup. Onion - 1 (finely chopped). Green Chilli -1 (chopped). Tomato - 1 (finely chopped). Turmeric Powder - ¼ tsp. Asafoetida - 1 pinch. Water - 2 cups. To grind:. Shredded Coconut - ½ cup. Cumin Seed - ½ tsp. Red Chilli - 1. For Tempering:. Oil - 2 tbsp. Mustard Seed - ½ tsp. Black Gram Lentil (Urad Dal) - 1 tsp. Finely Chopped Onion - 1. Curry Leaves - from 1 twig. Asafoetida - 1 pinch. Other Ingredients:. Tamarind - 1 small gooseberry sized ball soaked in ½ cup of water. Salt to taste. Method Take all the ingredients under the to cook Dal table in a pressure cooker. Cook them in the pressure cooker in medium flame for 5 to 6 minutes till the Dal becomes soft. Mash the Dal ...
The genome of 292 pigeonpea lines from 23 countries has been re-sequenced by a global team of 19 scientists. The re-sequencing has ...
Assessing the relationship between socio-cultural factors and varieties richness at household level, no significant association was found between the number of varieties held by household and the age of the respondent, number of years of experience in pigeonpea cultivation, the size of household and number of family members engaged in agricultural activities. This finding does not substantiate our hypothesis and this could be due to the fact that the majority of farmers maintained and cultivated one variety at household level (very low varieties richness). In addition, even though pigeonpea plays an important role in food security, especially during lean season, the crop is not considered by farmers as a priority crop and they do not apply any external inputs and its cultivation does not need special skills. Thus, access to knowledge and resources, which are determined by social cultural and economic factors [3], may not have affected pigeonpea varieties richness. The absence of significant ...
This experiment was conducted to study the beneficial effect of legumes and inorganic quantities of N on maize crop. Different levels of nitrogen i.e. 0, 40, 80 and 120 kg ha-1 were used. Besides maize alone, intercrops were; maize+mungbean, maize+pigeon pea and maize+janter. Maize @ 40, mungbean 20, pigeon pea 50 and janter at 25 kg ha-1 were used respectively. Maximum seedlings emerged m‾2 (40.20) was obtained at 120 kg N ha-1 in maize alone. Maximum days (61.7) to earing were taken by maize intercropped with janter. Maximum days (67.50) to silking were taken by maize+janter intercrop at 0 kg N ha-1. Maximum plant height (165.50 cm) was observed in maize alone at 120 kg N ha-1. Maximum cob length (12.55 cm) was noticed in maize and mungbean intercrop under 40 kg N ha-1. Maximum biological yield (28429.63 kg ha ha-1) was obtained from maize alone by 40 kg N ha-1. Maximum number of grains cob-1 (309) was obtained from maize and pigeon pea intercropping at 120 kg N ha-1. For maximum yield ...
NUI Galway has entered into a Research & Education Alliance with the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). ICRISAT is headquartered in India with a range of research stations in Africa. This Research Alliance will combine efforts, expertise and capacity in order to advance Plant and AgriBiosciences research for poverty reduction in developing countries in the semi-arid tropics (particularly in sub-Saharan Africa). The Alliance will strengthen collaborations between research groups within the NUI Galway Plant and AgriBiosciences Research Cluster and scientists in ICRISAT. The Alliance will conduct research on staple crops of the poor to improve smallholder productivity and food security ...
I Wayan Suanda (1), Ketut Widnyana (2) (1) Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi FPMIPA IKIP PGRI Bali (2) Fakultas Pertanian Unmas Denpasar ABSTRAK Penelitian tentang kemampuan fungisida botanis ekstrak sembung delan (S. Indicus L.) terhadap P.ninfestans secara In-Vitro dilakukan di Laboratorium Mikrobiologi Jurusan Biologi FMIPA UNUD. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kemampuan fungisida botanis ekstrak sembung delan 9S. indicus L.) terhadap P. infestans secara In-Vitro. Dalam skala laboratorium pengujian dilakukan dengan menumbuhkan koloni jamur .... ...
I met this girl environmentalist in where else? Feisbuk. In the beginning it was all philosophy, insight, love for nature, environmental good will. But the misanthropist within was very suspicious. Another case of the Guaynabo City, Scubba Dog Syndrome spreading all over the isle, this time in a far away iconic dry desert town, my favorite away from the populace spot. ...
Of the several antinutritional factors of food grain legumes, protease inhibitors (trypsin and chymotrypsin inhibitors), amylase inhibitors, flatulence causing sugars (oligosaccharides), polyphenols and phytic acid of chickpea and pigeonpea seeds have been studied in our laboratory and the results are summarised in this report.... ...
How species arise is a fundamental and still unanswered question in biology. Under the biological species concept, species consist of populations of interbreeding individuals that are reproductively isolated from other such populations (Mayr 1942). Thus, to understand speciation, we must learn how reproductive barriers evolve between populations. Postzygotic reproductive barriers are commonly found in nature, and occur when hybrid progeny are relatively unfit in comparison to their parents and serve as inefficient bridges for gene flow between populations. Hybrids can be extrinsically unfit, in that they are maladapted to their environment (for example, hybrids exhibit an intermediate phenotype which is unfit in parental environments) or intrinsically unfit, in that they are developmentally abnormal (for example, hybrids are sterile or inviable) (Coyne and Orr 2004).. The Bateson-Dobzhansky-Muller (BDM) model hypothesizes that hybrids are intrinsically unfit due to incompatible gene ...
ICRISAT seeks applications from Indian Nationals for the post of Agronomy / Agro-meteorology / Systems Modelling. The position is based at ICRISAT- Patancheru Hyderabad.. ICRISAT is a non-profit, non-political organization that conducts agricultural research for development in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa with a wide array of partners throughout the world. ICRISAT and its partners help empower those living in the semi-arid tropics, especially smallholder farmers, to overcome poverty, hunger, malnutrition and a degraded environment through more efficient and profitable agriculture.. ICRISAT is headquartered in Patancheru near Hyderabad, India, with two regional hubs and five country offices in sub-Saharan Africa. ICRISAT, established in 1972, is a member of the CGIAR Consortium. For more details, see www.icrisat.org.. Preamble: In the semi-arid agro-ecologies, empowering smallholder farmers to achieve food security and create cash earning agricultural enterprises requires a deep understanding of ...
In this interview with Michael Abberton, Head of the IITA Genetic Resources Centre (or Genebank), he shares his expertise on cowpea, a food and animal feed crop that is grown in the semi-arid tropics particularly Africa, but also Asia, the United States and Central and South America
Are you looking for government jobs in Hyderabad? International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is inviting applications to fill the vacancy of Visiting Scientist. Learn all about the eligibility criteria and apply for the ...
Venkatesan, T., Sridhar, V. Yan, T., Padma, N., Gopinath, V., Rishi, R., Jalali, S.K., Krishnakumar, N.K. and Umesh, K. R. 2011. Genetic differentiation and gene flow among the Helicoverpa armigera collections from chilli pepper, pigeon pea, tomato and cotton. Plant and Animal Genome XX conference to be held at San Diego, California, USA from January 14-18, 2012 ...
General Information: This organism, much like other Rhizobia, forms a symbiotic relationship with a leguminous plant, such as soybean, cowpea or pigeon pea. Expression of nodulation genes results in production of a nodulation signal which the plant cell recognizes inducing root nodule formation. The plant cell provides carbon compounds for the bacterium to grow on. ...
Developing a decision-support process for landscape conservation design, Bonnot, Thomas W., D. Jones-Farrand Todd, Thompson Frank R., Millspaugh Joshua J., Fitzgerald Jane A., Muenks Nate, Hanberry Phillip, Stroh Esther, Heggemann Larry, Fowler Allison, et al. , Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-190. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 66 p., 07/2019, Newtown Square, PA, (2019) ...
Developing a decision-support process for landscape conservation design, Bonnot, Thomas W., D. Jones-Farrand Todd, Thompson Frank R., Millspaugh Joshua J., Fitzgerald Jane A., Muenks Nate, Hanberry Phillip, Stroh Esther, Heggemann Larry, Fowler Allison, et al. , Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-190. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 66 p., 07/2019, Newtown Square, PA, (2019) ...
Development and Characterization of Polymorphic Genic-SSR Markers in Larix kaempferi. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Why we love it: The unique, 2 step mask-serum combo strengthens skin barrier and protects complexion from aging while soothing sensitive skin. Taiwanese Bitter
Aboriginals in the USA, Australia, New Zealand, to name 3 of my favorites, had their land, religion, languages, culture, taken away, way of life destroyed thanks to progress and avarice, in reservations. However a week ago, while I read a long essay about the big deal slavery in the USA, Abe Lincoln, civil war and secession, the big deal of being equal in the constitution, the damn indians are not mentioned once. The injustice is just described, defined for them darkies, as if the aboriginals never existed. As if they do not exist anywhere. ...
Sorghum [Sorghum hirolor. (L.) Mocnch], is an important cereal crop sustaining tllc livelihood of thc rcsourcc poor farmers in the semi-arid tropics, hil, ?lor advanccnlcnts in crop improvement liavc rcsultcd in short-statured, photo-insensitive and high-yiclding varieties suitable for divcrsc agro-cliniatic conditions. Even so, productivity of cultivated sor- ghum continues to bc constrained by various biotic and abiotic strcsscs ( oggctt, IOSS). Wild relatives and progellitor species ofSo) liiojr r-cprcscnt a potential gcnctic rcsourcc that has not been fully cxplorcd 14s-a-vis sorghum breeding. Rcl rcscnlcd by 24 spccics. distributcd in five taxc)nonlic sections (.iorg/iio)i, c,/ iicto.ror.ghiii)i, iretcr.o. or i ioli. UI YOI ; I I I ?I anti s1i )o. oi ;q111 111), mcmbcrs oftllc genus iirc spread across Asia. Africa and Australia (Doggclt 1988 ; Lazol.itlcs I091 ). Tlicsc uild sorgliunis could hc used to cflcctivcly broaden tllc gcnctic basc and proviric alternate sources of rcsist:incc ...
Sooty stripe is a serious disease of sorghum. Caused by a fungus called Ramulispora sorghi, it is particularly severe in areas with 500-1000 mm average annual rainfall. Recent studies indicate that sooty stripe can cause grain losses of nearly 50%. Scientists from several West African countries have joined forces with researchers from the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) to find ways to halt the advance of the fungus. The work began in 1990 in Mali where ICRISATs research team, the West Africa Sorghum Improvement Programme (WASIP) deliberately infected young sorghum plants with sooty stripe in order to detect resistance to the disease. This was done by spraying them with a suspension containing sooty stripe spores obtained from lesions of infected plants. In 1992 the effectiveness of the technique was confirmed by researchers from Burkina Fasos national programme, who modified the procedure by placing the fungal suspension in the whorls of leaves. This ...
Agricultural Biotechnology Jobs as Scientist Officer at CIMMYT-International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
This is the second volume (though actually the fourth to appear) in the series Tropical Trees: Propagation and Planting Manuals. It is about tropical tree seeds - choosing, obtaining, handling and germinating them. As with the previous manuals, it is based on the general biological principles that apply to woody perennials throughout the humid and semi-arid tropics. Thus, rather than listing instructions for individual species, it describes seed propagation environments and methods for raising good seedlings of most kinds of trees, provides advice on useful techniques and includes a check-list for trouble-shooting.. Planting tropical trees is frequently hampered by the difficulty of obtaining enough good seed of the desired species. This manual addresses the many facets of this problem in a practical way by starting from the processes of sexual reproduction in trees, typically both delayed and intermittent, except in relatively few species. The prospects for stimulating flower formation and for ...
Millet is an indispensable food for millions of people inhabiting the semi-arid tropics. It is used primarily for human food and remains a major source of calories and a ..
On paths throughout the Finca we planted hundreds of Surinam Cherry/Pitanga shrubs (Eugenia uniflora), taking advantage of the sunlight and edges created by the paths. This delicious snack fruit produces fruit multiple times a year, so planting them on paths ensures that we know when they are fruiting.. Throughout all of our orchards, bananas and pigeon pea/gondul were planted. They were often planted as part of an establishment guild near 1st year fruit and nut trees to provide shade, mulch, wind protection and a yield of bananas and gonduls edible pea. Gondul is an excellent plant in an establishment guild: it fixes nitrogen, rapidly provides shade to protect tender 1st year fruit and nut trees, produces edible peas in about 8-9 months, and is extremely drought tolerant. While gondul shrubs/trees can live for many years, at the Finca they are generally blown over by wind after one or two years.. Finally, nitrogen-fixing trees were scattered in open spaces throughout the farm. Nitrogen-fixing ...
Voted the Top Cannabis Testing Lab in Canada in 2017, Anandia provides a range of quality control, pesticide detection, and breeding tool services. Anandia employ analytical instrumentation and software from Waters to improve testing capabilities, helping scientists ensure customer safety and product integrity for current and future cannabis products.
As a living, breathing being on this good earth, we tend to take things for granted. The ability to have offspring can be one of them. That is, until the day that a serious medical condition like cancer rears it ugly head and puts childbearing at risk. In addition to the sterilizing effect of cancer treatments, the mad rush to treat the disease often marginalizes efforts to preserve fertility. Fire all the canons and check for collateral damage later.. Fertility preservation seeks to protect men, adolescents and children from a common, serious and impactful side effect of cancer treatment: infertility. The goal of fertility restoration is to empower patients who are cured and potentially infertile to bear children. These related fields have burgeoned recently because medical care is now shifting from curing cancer to improving the quality of life among survivors. And without a doubt, for many, fertility is a key quality of life issue at some point. Thankfully, exciting new methods of restoring ...
Presented by M di-T Sambucus Canadensis.. Sambucus canadensis. S. humilis. S. glauca. S. nigra (Marsh). Elder-bush. N. O. Caprifoliace . Tincture of buds, flowers, tender shoots, and leaves.. Clinical.─Albuminuria. Angina pectoris. Asthma. Blotches. Larynx, dry. Lumbago.. Characteristics.─The indigenous North American Elder grows in rich alluvial soils, flowers in July, and fruits in September. The species, says Millspaugh, is not sufficiently distinct from the European Elder (Samb. nigra, Linn.), differing only in being less woody, and having more loose cymes, larger flowers, and more compound leaves. It has, however, been proved separately by A. Uebelacker, whose symptoms are given in the Schema. The severe chest symptoms and blotched face recall symptoms of Samb. nig., with which it is probably identical in action. The chief Conditions were: , Lying down. , Getting out of bed. , By sweat.. SYMPTOMS.. 1. Mind.─Depression and dread of undefined danger.. 2. Head.─Severe drawing in head ...
Florida Keys History and Distribution: Reported in 1907 by C.F. Millspaugh for the lower sandy Keys. Reported in 1913 by John Kunkel Small for hammocks, pinelands and sand dunes throughout the Florida Keys. We consider this native and extant throughout the Florida Keys ...
In summary, while BAC libraries and BESs should be useful for genomics studies, BES-SSR markers, and the genetic map should be very useful for linking the genetic map with a future physical map as well as for molecular breeding in pigeonpea.
The major thrust of this Management Unit (MU) is to 1) develop food legumes that produce sufficient biomass to assist with conservation compliance regulations for erosion control; 2) develop germplasm and cultivars of cool season food legumes (peas, lentils, chickpeas and Austrian winter peas) that will alleviate damage from diseases, insects, or environmental stresses; 3) use morphological, isozymic and DNA markers to establish gene maps that can be used to locate major genes for disease resistance and quality traits; 4) use genetic maps to identify loci that regulate the expression of quantitative traits such as time to flowering , time to maturity, biomass production, seed size and resistance to environmental stresses. Research conducted by the unit is concentrating on gene systems responsible for disease resistance and the loci that influence the expression of physiological traits. Linkage relationships of the genes for these traits with easily assayed molecular markers are being identified ...
An intermediate approach between the two extremes discussed above can be obtained by using multivariate models where marker effects are allowed to be different but correlated across subpopulations. This approach has been considered in animal breeding applications involving multibreed analysis where it did not lead to a consistent improvement of prediction performance (Karoui et al. 2012; Olson et al. 2012; Makgahlela et al. 2013). However, less effort has been made to investigate the impact of population structure on estimation of marker effects in the context of genome-based prediction in plant breeding. While in animal breeding large clearly separated breeds exist, in plant breeding population structure can have very different forms and origins, including combined analysis of data from multiple, connected, breeding programs, diversity panels, and differently structured mating designs that lead to various forms of multiparental populations.. For genome-based prediction in multiple biparental ...
An intermediate approach between the two extremes discussed above can be obtained by using multivariate models where marker effects are allowed to be different but correlated across subpopulations. This approach has been considered in animal breeding applications involving multibreed analysis where it did not lead to a consistent improvement of prediction performance (Karoui et al. 2012; Olson et al. 2012; Makgahlela et al. 2013). However, less effort has been made to investigate the impact of population structure on estimation of marker effects in the context of genome-based prediction in plant breeding. While in animal breeding large clearly separated breeds exist, in plant breeding population structure can have very different forms and origins, including combined analysis of data from multiple, connected, breeding programs, diversity panels, and differently structured mating designs that lead to various forms of multiparental populations.. For genome-based prediction in multiple biparental ...
DArT is a cost effective and whole-genome genotyping tool. The technology is not dependent on having DNA sequence information, is expandable based on the users needs, and is high-throughput and low cost. DArT arrays have been developed now for groundnut, pearl millet, pigeonpea and sorghum, and are being routinely used.. DArT genotyping service can also be extended to any crop species provided user will bear the array development costs. ...
I am wondering how the removal of adaptor sequences will impact the transcriptome assembly. For example, in 10% of my reads contain adaptors which are not removed. If I try to assemble the transcriptome, will some of my unigene dataset contain adaptors? Besides, will the result be different if I use a genome-guided or de novo asssembly method?. ...
This article examines the driving forces behind farmers decisions to adopt improved pigeonpea and maize and estimates the causal impact of technology adoption on household welfare using data obtained from a random cross-section sample of 613 small-scale farmers in Tanzania. We use seemingly... ...
Cajanus. 37 (3): 160-64. Retrieved 2006-10-26. Payne-Palacio, June R.; Canter, Deborah D. (2014). The Profession of Dietetics. ...
Cajanus spp. Calopogonium spp. Canavalia spp. Carmichaelia spp. Christia spp. Clematis aristata Cleome serrulata Clitoria spp. ...
ISBN 978-1-57215-037-9. Lauri (2008-02-15). "Cajanus tube demystified". LAI Detectives. Retrieved 2016-07-15. "Tom of Finland ... Werner Cajanus First homoerotic stamps produced in Finland and the world: 2014 Tom of Finland stamps First time participating ...
Cajanus cinereus (Benth.) F.Muell. Cajanus confertiflorus F.Muell. Cajanus marmoratus (Benth.) F.Muell. Cajanus reticulatus ( ...
Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cajanus kerstingii Harms Caladium bicolor (Aiton) Vent. Calamus deerratus G.Mann & H.Wendl. Caldesia ...
The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), also known as pigeonpea, red gram, tur, or gungo peas, gungu peas, gunga peas in Jamaica, is a ... Van der Maeson, L. J. G. (1995). "Pigeonpea Cajanus cajan", pp. 251-5 in Smartt, J. and Simmonds, N. W. (eds.), Evolution of ... "Biology of Cajanus cajan (Pigeonpea)" (PDF). Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (India). October 2016. ... The centre of origin is probably peninsular India, where the closest wild relatives (Cajanus cajanifolia) occur in tropical ...
and pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan). Agapophyta bipunctata are known minor pests of coconuts (Cocos nucifera) and sago (Metroxylon ...
Cajanus. 37 (3): 160-64. Retrieved 2006-10-26.. Bibliography[edit]. *. Carpenter, Kenneth J. (1994). Protein and Energy: A ...
Painting of the giant Daniel Cajanus. Painting of Kenau Simonsdochter Hasselaer. One of the double portraits of the Counts of ...
The larvae feed on Cajanus indicus. They feed from within folded leaves of their host plant. Beccaloni, G.; Scoble, M.; ...
The larvae feed on Cajanus cajan. Australian Faunal Directory Australian Caterpillars v t e. ...
"Cajanus cajan (ID 2878) - Genome - NCBI". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 2020-12-31. "Index of /genomes/refseq/plant/Capsicum_ ... "Index of /genomes/refseq/plant/Cajanus_cajan/latest_assembly_versions/GCF_000340665.1_C.cajan_V1.0". ftp.ncbi.nih.gov. ...
The larvae feed on Cajanus cajan. They mine the leaves of their host plant. Global Taxonomic Database of Gracillariidae ( ...
The larvae feed on Cajanus cajan. They probably mine the leaves of their host plant. Global Taxonomic Database of ...
Cajanus cajan. pigeonpea. 5.0. 8.3. Pyrus communis. common pear. 5.2. 6.7. Solanum lycopersicum. garden tomato. 5.5. 7.0. ...
... Willd., a synonym of Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.) Thouars. ...
The larvae possibly feed on Cajanus cajan. Nuss, M.; et al. (2003-2014). "GlobIZ search". Global Information System on ...
Daniel Cajanus was buried in the Sint-Bavokerk when he died in 1749 and a commemorative painting of him now hangs in the lower ... Pieter Langendijk Daniel Cajanus in Haarlem city hall. The regents in 1736 by Frans Decker. The most famous men who stayed in ... the Proveniershuis in the 18th century were Daniel Cajanus, the "Wonderful giant" Finn who was said to be eight feet high, and ...
Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan). *In China the common host plants include *Pigeon pea ([Cajanus cajan) ...
The wingspan is about 10 millimetres (0.39 in). The larvae feed on Cleome, Cajanus cajan and Acacia. They are about 12 ...
Dey PM (April 1973). "Beta-L-arabinosidase from Cajanus indicus: a new enzyme". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - ...
The larvae feed on Atylosia candollei and Cajanus cajan. They probably mine the leaves of their host plant. Global Taxonomic ...
"Genome-wide identification of miRNAs and lncRNAs in Cajanus cajan". BMC Genomics. 18 (1): 878. doi:10.1186/s12864-017-4232-2. ...
The larvae feed on Cajanus cajan, Cicer and Dolichos species. They bore into the seed cavity of their host plant. A small mound ...
... is a species of water mould that infects pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan). It was first described in 1978. Amin, ... K. S.; Baldev, B.; Williams, F. J. (January 1978). "Phytophthora cajani, a New Species Causing Stem Blight on Cajanus cajan". ...
This article is a list of diseases of pigeonpeas (Cajanus cajan). Common Names of Diseases, The American Phytopathological ...
The larvae feed on Cajanus indicus, Polyscias, Zamis and Prunus donarium. They live in the stems of their host plant. Japanese ...
A gene from Cajanus cajan has shown promise when transferred to soybean.​​ This method could be expanded to a wide array of ...
The larvae feed on Cajanus cajan, Crotalaria, Acacia farnesiana and Pithecellobium pallens. They live in the pods and feed on ...
The larvae feed on Cajanus cajan, Indigofera, Robinia pseudoacacia and Parkinsonia aculeata. They feed in the pods. Li, H.-h ...
Cajanus cinereus Cajanus confertiflorus Cajanus crassicaulis Cajanus crassus Cajanus elongatus Cajanus goensis Cajanus ... Cajanus kerstingii Cajanus lanceolatus Cajanus lanuginosus Cajanus latisepalus Cajanus mareebensis Cajanus marmoratus Cajanus ... mollis Cajanus platycarpus Cajanus pubescens Cajanus reticulatus Cajanus scarabaeoides Cajanus sericeus Cajanus viscidus Maesen ... Species include: Cajanus acutifolius Cajanus albicans Cajanus aromaticus Cajanus cajan - pigeon pea, Congo-pea ...
Cajanus kerstingii is propagated via fruit. Cajanus kerstingii is also a perennial, non-climbing shrub, meaning it survives for ... The main constraint to the close relative Cajanus cajan is its vulnerability to a wide variety of pests and diseases. "Cajanus ... It is closely related to the widely utilised Cajanus cajan, otherwise known as pigeon pea. Cajanus kerstingii can be consumed ... Cajanus kerstingii is a widely ignored shrub found mostly in open savannah conditions across western Africa. ...
Genus: Cajanus Sectio: C. sect. Fruticosa Species: Cajanus latisepalus Name[edit]. Cajanus latisepalus (S.T.Reynolds & Pedley) ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cajanus_latisepalus&oldid=7741769" ...
可在维基共享资源获得更多关于Cajanus cajan的多媒体资源。 (zh-hans) - (Please translate this into 中文.) ... Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., Publ. Field Columb. Mus., Bot. Ser. 2(1): 53. 1900, as Cajan cajan, comb. superfl. ... Cajanus bicolor DC., Prodr. 2: 406. 1825, nom. illeg., based on Cytisus pseudocajanus Jacq. ... Cajanus inodorum Medik., Vorles. Churpfälz. Phys.-Öcon. Ges. 2: 363.
Cajanus indicus var. flavus (DC.) Kuntze * Maesen, L. J. G. v. d. 1986. Cajanus DC. and Atylosia W. & A. (Leguminosae). Agric. ... Cajanus cajan var. bicolor (DC.) Purseglove * Maesen, L. J. G. v. d. 1986. Cajanus DC. and Atylosia W. & A. (Leguminosae). ... Cajanus luteus Bello * Maesen, L. J. G. v. d. 1986. Cajanus DC. and Atylosia W. & A. (Leguminosae). Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap ... Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. * Martínez-Bernal, A., R. Duno de Stefano & L. Lorena Can. 2011. Los géneros Cajanus y Rhynchosia ( ...
Draft genome sequence of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan), an orphan legume crop of resource-poor farmers.. Varshney RK1, Chen W, Li Y ...
Cajanus cajan) seeds and subjected to characterization. The enzyme was purified 123.69 fold with a yield of 21.37% by ammonium ... Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase has been purified from pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seeds and subjected to characterization. ... Purification and Characterization of Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase from Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan) Seeds () ... Cajanus cajan) Seeds. Advances in Enzyme Research, 2, 134-149. doi: 10.4236/aer.2014.24014. ...
Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) (Cajanus indicus)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,A0A151TR15,A0A151TR15_CAJCA Putative WRKY transcription factor 75 OS=Cajanus cajan OX=3821 GN=KK1_008706 PE=4 SV=1 ...
Cajanus scarabaeoides: info from PIER from the Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk project (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/). ... Control: If you know of control methods for Cajanus scarabaeoides, please let us know.. Need more info? Have questions? ...
Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] leaves, as well as petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water fractions and the four main ... Keywords: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.; Antioxidant activities; DPPH; β-Carotene Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.; Antioxidant ... Antioxidant Activities of Extracts and Main Components of Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] Leaves. Nan Wu 1,†, Kuang Fu 2 ... Antioxidant activities of the aqueous and ethanol extracts of pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] leaves, as well as ...
Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) (Cajanus indicus)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,A0A151U1A1,A0A151U1A1_CAJCA Dehydration-responsive element-binding protein 2C OS=Cajanus cajan OX=3821 GN=KK1_005709 PE=4 SV ...
Cajanus cajan L. Cicer arietinum L. Pennisetum typhoides L. raindrop size seedling emergence soil crusting sowing depth ... Seedling emergence of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.) and pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoides L.) ... Cajanus cajan L.) and pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoides L.) were investigated. Three drop diameters: 2.75, 1.65 and 0.93 mm ...
Equipped with many useful genes including biotic and abiotic stress resistance, wild Cajanus species provide novel genetic ... Equipped with many useful genes including biotic and abiotic stress resistance, wild Cajanus species provide novel genetic ... Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.), a multi-purpose and nutritious grain legume crop, is cultivated for its protein-rich seeds mainly ... Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.), a multi-purpose and nutritious grain legume crop, is cultivated for its protein-rich seeds mainly ...
Antihyperglycemic effects of Cajanus cajan L. (pigeon pea) ethanolic extract on the blood glucose levels of ICR mice (Mus ... Cajanus cajan, also known as pigeon pea or "kadyos" (Filipino) is a local legume plant that has been used traditionally as ... Antihyperglycemic effects of Cajanus cajan L. (pigeon pea) ethanolic extract on the blood glucose levels of ICR mice (Mus ... Antihyperglycemic effects of Cajanus cajan L. (pigeon pea) ethanolic extract on the blood glucose levels of ICR mice (Mus ...
In this study, we report the antifilarial activity of a leguminous plant Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.) Thouars. The polyphenol- ...
Key words: Pigeon pea, cultivars, multiple shoot bud induction, organogenesis, acclimatization, elongation, Cajanus cajan (L) ... Pigeon pea [Cajanus cajan (L) Mill sp.] is an important legume crop widely grown in tropical and subtropical regions of the ... Mehta U, Mohan Ram HY (1980). Regeneration of plantlets from the cotyledons of Cajanus cajan L. Ind. J. Exp. Biol.18:800-802.. ... In vitro multiple shoot bud induction and regeneration from plumule junction explants of pigeon pea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Mill sp ...
Key words: Pigeon pea, cultivars, multiple shoot bud induction, organogenesis, acclimatization, elongation, Cajanus cajan (L) ... Mehta U, Mohan Ram HY (1980). Regeneration of plantlets from the cotyledons of Cajanus cajan L. Ind. J. Exp. Biol.18:800-802.. ... In vitro multiple shoot bud induction and regeneration from plumule junction explants of pigeon pea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Mill sp ... Eapen S, Tivarekar S, George L (1998). Thidiazuron-induced shoot regeneration in pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.). Plant Cell ...
... ... Effects of Biofertilization on Yield, Physical Characteristics and Chemical Composition of Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan L.). ...
Cajanus cajan diet and E- rats fed on 70% Cajanus cajan. The study lasted for 28 days and at the end of the feeding experiment ... Comparative effect of Arachis hypogaea and Cajanus cajan diets on the lipid profile of female albino rats * AC Nwaka ... The effect of Arachis hypogaea and Cajanus cajan diets on the serum lipid profile of 30 female albino rats were evaluated. The ... Results of the study suggest that Cajanus cajan diet could be useful in protecting against atherosclerosis and its associated ...
Consensus based on the populations ICPB_2049/ICPL_99050-F2, ICPA_2039/ICPR_2447-F2, ICPA_2043/ICPR_3467-F2, ICPA_2043/ICPR_2671-F2 ...
... - Plant Locations - Famine Foods - Plants that are not normally considered as crops are consumed in times of famine - Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana
Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. origins and domestication: the South and Southeast Asian archaeobotanical evidence *Dorian Q Fuller ...
Cajanus bicolor DC., Cajanus flavus DC., Cajanus indicus Spreng., Cytisus cajan L. ... Effect of cooked pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seed meal on the performance of broiler chicks. J. Agric. Social Res., 3 (1): 1-12 ... Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seeds. Datasheet. Description. Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ... Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) for livestock feed on small-scale farms. ILRI Forage Factsheet ...
CAJANUS CAJAN; NUTRIENT TRANSPORT; NITROGEN; PHOSPHORUS; ROOT NODULATION; GROWTH; SOIL FERTILITY; NITRÓGENO; FÓSFORO; ... The lack of response of Cajanus cajan to P in the Río Hato soil was attributed to the high incidence (55 percent) of VA ... Nitrogen and phosphorus requirements for the growth and nodulation of Cajanus cajan in Panamanian soils. ... Inoculation of Cajanus cajan with both Rhizobium and Glomus may be important in low-fertility soils. ...
Genetic data available at LegumeInfo for Cajanus cajan. GBrowse genome browser, Cc1.0. JBrowse genome browser, Cc1.0. Gene ...
Improved Insulin Resistance through Cajanus cajan extract in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus of Wistar Rat. (E-pub Ahead of Print ... The results have drawn a discussion that the ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of the Cajanus cajan leaves might contain a ... Conclusions: Cajanus cajan leaf extract suppresses the oxidative stress and insulin resistance, therefore, improves the blood ... The results have drawn a discussion that the ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of the Cajanus cajan leaves might contain a ...
Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) is an important grain legume. It is Kenyas third most important legume after common ... Genetic transformation of pigeon pea (cajanus cajan [L.] Millsp) varieties adapted to Eastern and Southern Africa. ...
6. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.). Pigeonpea (C. cajan L.) is an important food legume predominantly cultivated in tropical and ... Cajanus cajan L. (Pigeonpea). Asha. 831. pCC1BAC. HindIII. 34,560. 120. 5.0. Mar-dev.. [25]. ... J. Greilhuber and R. Obermayer, "Genome size variation in Cajanus cajan (Fabaceae): a reconsideration," Plant Systematics and ... Cajanus cajan L.), field pea (Pisum sativum L.), Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus L.), and common bean (P. vulgaris L.) (Table 1). ...
Hence it is known that the weed, L. aspara naturally growing in crop fields of Cajanus cajan has some influence over the ... But at low concentrations (5%, 10 and 15%) the same leachates promote both germination and seedling growth of Cajanus cajan. ... on seed germination and seedling growth of Cajanus cajan. The result revealed that the aqueous leachates of leaf, stem and root ...
  • Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (wikimedia.org)
  • Antioxidant Activities of Extracts and Main Components of Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (mdpi.com)
  • Wu N, Fu K, Fu Y-J, Zu Y-G, Chang F-R, Chen Y-H, Liu X-L, Kong Y, Liu W, Gu C-B. Antioxidant Activities of Extracts and Main Components of Pigeonpea [ Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (mdpi.com)
  • Evaluation and identification of promising introgression lines derived from wild Cajanus species for broadening the genetic base of cultivated pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (frontiersin.org)
  • Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (frontiersin.org)
  • An efficient protocol for shoot regeneration and genetic transformation of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L). Millsp. (academicjournals.org)
  • Factors affecting regeneration of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L. Millsp) from mature embryonal axes. (academicjournals.org)
  • Progress in tissue culture and genetic transformation research in pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (academicjournals.org)
  • Agrobacterium tumefaciens mediated transformation of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L. Millsp. (academicjournals.org)
  • Plant regeneration in pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (academicjournals.org)
  • Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) is an important grain legume. (ac.ke)
  • on germination and seedling growth of cajanus cajan (l.) millsp. (journalcra.com)
  • grandifolius, a wild relative of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (icrisat.org)
  • Nutritional Quality of Vegetable Pigeonpeas [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (cgiar.org)
  • Rabia Syed and Ying Wu.A review article on health benefits of Pigeon pea ( Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp ). (escipub.com)
  • Genetic Diversity of Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (scirp.org)
  • Genetic diversity among and between 16 cultivars of pigeonpea ( Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp. (scirp.org)
  • K. Yadav, S. Kumar Yadav, A. Yadav, V. Prakash Pandey and U. Nath Dwivedi, "Genetic Diversity of Pigeonpea ( Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (scirp.org)
  • 10] J. Souframanien, J. G. Manjaya, T. G. Krishna and E. S. Pawar, "Randam Amplified Polymorphic DNA Analysis of Cytoplasmic Male Sterile and Male Fertile Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (scirp.org)
  • Inheritance of sterility mosaic disease resistance to Bangalore and Patancheru isolates in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (ejplantbreeding.org)
  • Sterility mosaic disease (SMD), is an important biotic constraint in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (ejplantbreeding.org)
  • Waterlogging tolerance in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (cambridge.org)
  • Effect of hydrogen peroxide on protein content and catalase activity in cajanus cajan (l.) millsp. (journalcra.com)
  • Pigeonpea ( Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) is one of the major grain legume crops of the tropics and subtropics, but biotic stresses [ Fusarium wilt (FW), sterility mosaic disease (SMD), etc.] are serious challenges for sustainable crop production. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Species include: Cajanus acutifolius Cajanus albicans Cajanus aromaticus Cajanus cajan - pigeon pea, Congo-pea Cajanus cinereus Cajanus confertiflorus Cajanus crassicaulis Cajanus crassus Cajanus elongatus Cajanus goensis Cajanus grandiflorus Cajanus kerstingii Cajanus lanceolatus Cajanus lanuginosus Cajanus latisepalus Cajanus mareebensis Cajanus marmoratus Cajanus mollis Cajanus platycarpus Cajanus pubescens Cajanus reticulatus Cajanus scarabaeoides Cajanus sericeus Cajanus viscidus Maesen, L. J. G. van der. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is closely related to the widely utilised Cajanus cajan, otherwise known as pigeon pea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase has been purified from pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seeds and subjected to characterization. (scirp.org)
  • Antihyperglycemic effects of Cajanus cajan L. (pigeon pea) ethanolic extract on the blood glucose levels of ICR mice (Mus musculus L. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Cajanus cajan, also known as pigeon pea or "kadyos" (Filipino) is a local legume plant that has been used traditionally as functional food. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • in vitro multiple shoot bud induction and regeneration from plumule junction explants of pigeon pea [cajanus cajan (l.) mill sp. (academicjournals.org)
  • Pigeon pea [ Cajanus cajan (L) Mill sp. (academicjournals.org)
  • Analysis of BAC-end sequences (BESs) and development of BES-SSR markers for genetic mapping and hybrid purity assessment in pigeon pea (Cajanus spp. (academicjournals.org)
  • Thidiazuron-induced shoot regeneration in pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.). Plant Cell Tissue Org Cult. (academicjournals.org)
  • High frequency induction of multiple shoots and plant regeneration from seedling explants of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.). Curr. (academicjournals.org)
  • Organogenesis and embryogenesis from diverse explants in pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.). Plant Cell Rep. 13: 417-420. (academicjournals.org)
  • Plantlet regeneration from different callus cultures of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.). Plant Sci. (academicjournals.org)
  • Genotype dependent morphogenic potentiality of various explants of a food legume, the pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.). In Vitro Cell Dev. (academicjournals.org)
  • Effects of Biofertilization on Yield, Physical Characteristics and Chemical Composition of Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan L. (scialert.net)
  • Pigeon pea ( Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth) is one of the most common tropical and subtropical legumes cultivated for its edible seeds. (feedipedia.org)
  • Therefore the aim of this study was to develop a protocol for in vitro regeneration of two pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) varieties, KAT 60/8 and ICEAP 00557 grown in Kenya. (ac.ke)
  • Effect of isolation techniques on the characteristics of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) protein isolates. (escipub.com)
  • This study investigated the effects of salicylic acid (SA) on the germination and early seedling growth of Pigeon pea ( Cajanus cajan L., Fabaceae). (notulaebiologicae.ro)
  • Effects of cadmium and nickel on in vivo carbon dioxide exchange rate of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L. (ias.ac.in)
  • Singh, Randhir (1990) Effects of cadmium and nickel on in vivo carbon dioxide exchange rate of pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan L.) Plant and Soil, 129 (2). (ias.ac.in)
  • Also, the effect of soaking, sprouting and roasting on pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) and Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterna) have been reported (Elegbede, (1998). (bioline.org.br)
  • In this study Pigeon peas (Cajanus Cajan L) were soaked in cold water (1:3 w/v) for 24 hours. (omicsonline.org)
  • The genus Cajanus is a member of the plant family Fabaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is a dicot in the genus Cajanus of the subfamily Faboideae (Fabaceae). (wikipedia.org)
  • 6] J. Greilhuber and R. Obermayer, "Genome Size Variation in Cajanus cajan (Fabaceae): A Reconsideration," Plant Systematic and Evolution, Vol. 212, No. 1-2, 1998, pp. 135-141. (scirp.org)
  • Cajanus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Endoclita malabaricus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Across the globe, Helicoverpa armigera is the most commonly detrimental pest and has been known to attack species within the genus Cajanus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Equipped with many useful genes including biotic and abiotic stress resistance, wild Cajanus species provide novel genetic variations for the genetic upgradation of pigeonpea cultivars. (frontiersin.org)
  • Phytophthora cajani, a new species causing stem blight on Cajanus cajan. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • 12] L. J. Reddy, H. D. Upadhyaya, C. L. L. Gowda and S. Singh, "Development of a Core Collection in Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh] Using Geographic and Qualitative Morphological Descriptors," Genetic Resource and Crop Evolution, Vol. 52, No. 8, 2005, pp. 1049-1056. (scirp.org)
  • The ethanolic extract of the leaves of Cajanus cajan was given by oral route at a dose of 250 and 500mg/kg b.w. (biomedjournal.com)
  • Ethanolic extract of Cajanus cajan , dose dependently reduce, the total acidity, ulcer index, and an increase in pH of gastric juice in pylorus ligated ulcer model. (biomedjournal.com)
  • Antiulcer Activity, Cajanus cajan, Pylorus ligation ethanolic extract. (biomedjournal.com)
  • Cajanus cajan, a leguminosae pulse crop grown in tropical and subtropical areas of the world, is a source of high value protein to vegetarians or very poor populations globally. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The results have drawn a discussion that the ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of the Cajanus cajan leaves might contain a bioactive nature which is hypoglycemic in nature. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Draft genome sequence of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan), an orphan legume crop of resource-poor farmers. (nih.gov)
  • In recent years, however, BAC libraries have also been developed for several pulse crops including mungbean ( Vigna radiate L.), cowpea ( V. unguiculata L.), lupin ( Lupinus angustifolius L.), chickpea ( Cicer arietinum L.), pigeonpea ( Cajanus cajan L.), field pea ( Pisum sativum L.), Lima bean ( Phaseolus lunatus L.), and common bean ( P. vulgaris L.) (Table 1 ). (hindawi.com)
  • Gene effects, heterosis and inbreeding depression in Pigeonpea, Cajanus cajan L. (ejplantbreeding.org)
  • Gene effects, heterosis and inbreeding depression in Pigeonpea, Cajanus cajan L. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding , 3 (1), 682-685. (ejplantbreeding.org)
  • 3] B. G. Nadimpalli, R. L. Jarret, S. C. Phatak and G. Kochert, "Phylogenetic Relationships of the Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) Based on Nuclear Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism," Genome, Vol. 36, No. 2, 1992, pp. 216-223. (scirp.org)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Ureide biogenesis and the enzymes of ammonia assimilation and ureide biosynthesis in nitrogen fixing pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) nodules. (who.int)
  • The pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is grown between the 45oN and 45oS as a summer food legume, and consumed by billions of people in the world. (qld.gov.au)
  • The first set of EST resource for gene discovery and marker development in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajanL. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Evaluation and validation of housekeeping genes as reference for gene expression studies in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) under drought stress conditions. (cgiar.org)
  • However, such specific housekeeping genes have not been reported in the case of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) despite the fact that genome sequence has become available for the crop. (cgiar.org)
  • Aims and Objectives: Aims and objectives are to evaluate the effects of ethanolic extracts of Cajanus cajan (CCEE) leaves on its antihyperglycemic effects on BGL of normoglycemic mice. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • When the model was established accurately then the intervention group was administered orally with the extracts of leaves of Cajanus cajan chloroform extract (270mg/kg), Methanol extract (270mg/kg) and Ethyl acetate extract (270mg/kg). (eurekaselect.com)
  • Treating with (Chloroform extract, Methanol extract, Ethyl acetate extract (270mg/kg) different extracts of Cajanus cajan leaf in the intervention groups the lipid levels of the intervention group significantly increased in case of the Methanolic extract whereas the other extracts were also effective. (eurekaselect.com)
  • The effect of different concentrations of aqueous extracts of leaf, stem, and root of Leucas aspera L. on seed germination and seedling growth of Cajanus cajan. (journalcra.com)
  • C = ração contendo Leucaena cunningan - 6% [LC] e D = ração contendo feijão guandu - Cajanus cajan - 20% [CC]), quatro repetições e 30 aves por unidade experimental. (unesp.br)
  • C = diet containing Leucaena cunningan - 6% [LC] and D = diet containing Pigeous bean - Cajanus cajan - 20% [CC]), four replicates and 30 broiler chicks per experimental unit. (unesp.br)
  • Para el diseño de un sistema silvopastoril alternativo, se desarrollarán pruebas agronómicas y de valoración nutricional forrajera, con especies promisorias como: Calliandra Houstoniana, Erythrina berteroana, Erythrina peoppigiana, Gliricidia sepium, Guazana ulmifolia, Leucaena leucocephala y Cajanus cajan. (gbif.org)
  • Cajanus kerstingii is a widely ignored shrub found mostly in open savannah conditions across western Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cajanus kerstingii can be consumed by humans as a cereal, pulse, fibre or forage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cajanus kerstingii is an erect shrub that grows to be 90-200 centimetres (35-79 in). (wikipedia.org)
  • Cajanus kerstingii is propagated via fruit. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cajanus kerstingii is also a perennial, non-climbing shrub, meaning it survives for more than two years. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is little data describing the pests that Cajanus kerstingii is susceptible to. (wikipedia.org)
  • Few farmers have access to useful experiences regarding Cajanus kerstingii. (wikipedia.org)
  • The present study reports the development of a new CMSsource (A8) with cytoplasm derived from Cajanus reticulatus (Dryander) F. V. Muell var. (icrisat.org)
  • Cajanus CajansandDolichos lab-lablegume starches from Argentine cultivars were investigated under atechnological and nutritional point of view. (uva.es)
  • Cajanus cajan is a major source of protein for the poor communities of many tropical and subtropical regions of the world [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Hypoglycemic activity of Cajanus cajan (seeds) in mice. (escipub.com)
  • The main constraint to the close relative Cajanus cajan is its vulnerability to a wide variety of pests and diseases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Results of the study suggest that Cajanus cajan diet could be useful in protecting against atherosclerosis and its associated diseases. (ajol.info)
  • Conclusions: Cajanus cajan leaf extract suppresses the oxidative stress and insulin resistance, therefore, improves the blood glucose levels in GDM rats. (eurekaselect.com)
  • The present study was designed to investigate the antiulcer potential of ethanolic leaves extract of Cajanus cajan . (biomedjournal.com)
  • Extract of Cajanus cajan may be useful as a natural antioxidant in the treatment of ulcer. (biomedjournal.com)
  • In the second cycle, maize+ Gliricidia sepium , maize+ Cajanus cajan and sole maize with NPK produced more grain than others treatments. (scielo.br)
  • Chemical analysis and missing element trials with Sorghum vulgare L. showed that three Panamanian soils, representative of three great soil groups, were deficient in both nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P). When a greenhouse trial was undertaken to test the response of Cajanus cajan to rhizobial inoculation, N and P fertilization in these soils, no response was obtained in either the Río Hato or Los Santos soils. (cgiar.org)
  • Inoculation of Cajanus cajan with both Rhizobium and Glomus may be important in low-fertility soils. (cgiar.org)
  • In the alley cropping with Cajanus cajan the maize show the larger N foliar concentration, in first cycle. (scielo.br)
  • The lack of response of Cajanus cajan to P in the Río Hato soil was attributed to the high incidence (55 percent) of VA mycorrhizal infection. (cgiar.org)
  • Phytochemical and anti-drepanocytosis studies of Cajanus cajan, Callistemon viminalis, Melaleuca bracteata var. (ukzn.ac.za)
  • Atherosclerosis, Cajanus cajan, Arachis hypogaea and Lipid Profile. (ajol.info)
  • The rats were separated into 5 groups of six rats each as follows: A- rats fed on normal feed, B - rats fed on 50% Arachis hypogaea diet, C- rats fed on 70% Arachis hypogaea, D - rats fed on 50% Cajanus cajan diet and E- rats fed on 70% Cajanus cajan. (ajol.info)
  • Objective: To explore the effect of Cajanus cajan in treating gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Wistar rats. (eurekaselect.com)
  • 2010). A new natural coumarin cajanus lactone has been isolated from the leaves of C. cajan which is a potential antibacterial agent against Gram-positive micro-organisms (Luo et al. (biomedjournal.com)
  • But at low concentrations (5%, 10 and 15%) the same leachates promote both germination and seedling growth of Cajanus cajan. (journalcra.com)
  • Hence it is known that the weed, L. aspara naturally growing in crop fields of Cajanus cajan has some influence over the germination behavior and seedling growth of crop. (journalcra.com)