Cajanus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is used for food in NIGERIA.Sinorhizobium fredii: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is a fast-growing and soybean-nodulating innoculant.Sinorhizobium fredii: A species of gram-negative, aerobic bacteria that is a fast-growing and soybean-nodulating innoculant.Fusariosis: OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS with the soil fungus FUSARIUM. Typically the infection is limited to the nail plate (ONYCHOMYCOSIS). The infection can however become systemic especially in an IMMUNOCOMPROMISED HOST (e.g., NEUTROPENIA) and results in cutaneous and subcutaneous lesions, fever, KERATITIS, and pulmonary infections.Transcription Factors: Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.Petroselinum: A plant genus of the family APIACEAE used for flavoring food.Brachypodium: A plant genus in the family POACEAE. Brachypodium distachyon is a model species for functional genomics studies.Africa, Southern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.Genetic Engineering: Directed modification of the gene complement of a living organism by such techniques as altering the DNA, substituting genetic material by means of a virus, transplanting whole nuclei, transplanting cell hybrids, etc.Transformation, Genetic: Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.Mimosine: 3-Hydroxy-4-oxo-1(4H)-pyridinealanine. An antineoplastic alanine-substituted pyridine derivative isolated from Leucena glauca.Fabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.Cordia: A plant genus of the family BORAGINACEAE. Members contain TRITERPENES and naphthoxirene.Chickens: Common name for the species Gallus gallus, the domestic fowl, in the family Phasianidae, order GALLIFORMES. It is descended from the red jungle fowl of SOUTHEAST ASIA.Rhizobium: A genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that activate PLANT ROOT NODULATION in leguminous plants. Members of this genus are nitrogen-fixing and common soil inhabitants.Poultry Diseases: Diseases of birds which are raised as a source of meat or eggs for human consumption and are usually found in barnyards, hatcheries, etc. The concept is differentiated from BIRD DISEASES which is for diseases of birds not considered poultry and usually found in zoos, parks, and the wild.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Vegetables: A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Synchrotrons: Devices for accelerating protons or electrons in closed orbits where the accelerating voltage and magnetic field strength varies (the accelerating voltage is held constant for electrons) in order to keep the orbit radius constant.Dolichos: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that contains LECTINS. Many members have been reclassified into other genera of the FABACEAE family.Trypsin Inhibitor, Bowman-Birk Soybean: A low-molecular-weight protein (minimum molecular weight 8000) which has the ability to inhibit trypsin as well as chymotrypsin at independent binding sites. It is characterized by a high cystine content and the absence of glycine.Microradiography: Production of a radiographic image of a small or very thin object on fine-grained photographic film under conditions which permit subsequent microscopic examination or enlargement of the radiograph at linear magnifications of up to several hundred and with a resolution approaching the resolving power of the photographic emulsion (about 1000 lines per millimeter).Paleopathology: The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.Archaeology: The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.Germination: The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Plant Dormancy: The state of failure to initiate and complete the process of growth, reproduction, or gemination of otherwise normal plants or vegetative structures thereof.Cicer: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE known for the edible beans.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Manuscripts as Topic: Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)CaliforniaStudents: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Manuscripts, MedicalOrthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention and correction of dental and oral anomalies (malocclusion).United StatesTeaching: The educational process of instructing.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Kwashiorkor: A syndrome produced by severe protein deficiency, characterized by retarded growth, changes in skin and hair pigment, edema, and pathologic changes in the liver, including fatty infiltration, necrosis, and fibrosis. The word is a local name in Gold Coast, Africa, meaning "displaced child". Although first reported from Africa, kwashiorkor is now known throughout the world, but mainly in the tropics and subtropics. It is considered to be related to marasmus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Foodborne Diseases: Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.Protein-Energy Malnutrition: The lack of sufficient energy or protein to meet the body's metabolic demands, as a result of either an inadequate dietary intake of protein, intake of poor quality dietary protein, increased demands due to disease, or increased nutrient losses.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Congenital Hypothyroidism: A condition in infancy or early childhood due to an in-utero deficiency of THYROID HORMONES that can be caused by genetic or environmental factors, such as thyroid dysgenesis or HYPOTHYROIDISM in infants of mothers treated with THIOURACIL during pregnancy. Endemic cretinism is the result of iodine deficiency. Clinical symptoms include severe MENTAL RETARDATION, impaired skeletal development, short stature, and MYXEDEMA.alpha 1-Antitrypsin Deficiency: Deficiency of the protease inhibitor ALPHA 1-ANTITRYPSIN that manifests primarily as PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA and LIVER CIRRHOSIS.Stillbirth: The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.Metabolic Syndrome X: A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)MedlinePlus: NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.Barbados: An island in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies. It is chiefly of coral formation with no good harbors and only small streams. It was probably discovered by the Portuguese in the sixteenth century. The name was given by 16th-century Spanish explorers from barbados, the plural for "bearded", with reference to the beard-like leaves or trails of moss on the trees that grew there in abundance. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p116 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p49)Lettuce: Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Tiopronin: Sulfhydryl acylated derivative of GLYCINE.Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Visual Prosthesis: Artificial device such as an externally-worn camera attached to a stimulator on the RETINA, OPTIC NERVE, or VISUAL CORTEX, intended to restore or amplify vision.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Plant Roots: The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Phaseolus: A plant genus in the family FABACEAE which is the source of edible beans and the lectin PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS.Favism: Hemolytic anemia due to the ingestion of fava beans or after inhalation of pollen from the Vicia fava plant by persons with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficient erythrocytes.History, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.AfghanistanEgypt: A country in northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Libya and the Gaza Strip, and the Red Sea north of Sudan, and includes the Asian Sinai Peninsula Its capital is Cairo.Vicia faba: A plant species of the genus VICIA, family FABACEAE. The edible beans are well known but they cause FAVISM in some individuals with GLUCOSEPHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE DEFICIENCY. This plant contains vicine, convicine, Vicia lectins, unknown seed protein, AAP2 transport protein, and Vicia faba DNA-binding protein 1.Cyclic Nucleotide-Gated Cation Channels: A subgroup of cyclic nucleotide-regulated ION CHANNELS within the superfamily of pore-loop cation channels. They are expressed in OLFACTORY NERVE cilia and in PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS and some PLANTS.Viridiplantae: A monophyletic group of green plants that includes all land plants (EMBRYOPHYTA) and all green algae (CHLOROPHYTA and STREPTOPHYTA).Embryophyta: Higher plants that live primarily in terrestrial habitats, although some are secondarily aquatic. Most obtain their energy from PHOTOSYNTHESIS. They comprise the vascular and non-vascular plants.Ion Channels: Gated, ion-selective glycoproteins that traverse membranes. The stimulus for ION CHANNEL GATING can be due to a variety of stimuli such as LIGANDS, a TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE, mechanical deformation or through INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS.Streptophyta: A phylum of green plants comprising CHAROPHYCEAE (streptophyte green algae) and EMBRYOPHYTA (land plants).Nucleotides, CyclicPolygalaceae: A plant family of the order Polygalales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida.Proteins: Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.Animal Fins: Membranous appendage of fish and other aquatic organisms used for locomotion or balance.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Database Management Systems: Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Parenteral Nutrition: The administering of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient who cannot maintain adequate nutrition by enteral feeding alone. Nutrients are administered by a route other than the alimentary canal (e.g., intravenously, subcutaneously).Parenteral Nutrition, Total: The delivery of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient whose sole source of nutrients is via solutions administered intravenously, subcutaneously, or by some other non-alimentary route. The basic components of TPN solutions are protein hydrolysates or free amino acid mixtures, monosaccharides, and electrolytes. Components are selected for their ability to reverse catabolism, promote anabolism, and build structural proteins.Enteral Nutrition: Nutritional support given via the alimentary canal or any route connected to the gastrointestinal system (i.e., the enteral route). This includes oral feeding, sip feeding, and tube feeding using nasogastric, gastrostomy, and jejunostomy tubes.Nutrition Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to the nutritional status of a human population within a given geographic area. Data from these surveys are used in preparing NUTRITION ASSESSMENTS.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Nutritional Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.Nutrition Therapy: Improving health status of an individual by adjusting the quantities, qualities, and methods of nutrient intake.Functional Food: Components of the usual diet that may provide health benefits beyond basic nutrients. Examples of functional foods include soy, nuts, chocolate, and cranberries (From NCCAM Backgrounder, March 2004, p3).Health Food: A non-medical term defined by the lay public as a food that has little or no preservatives, which has not undergone major processing, enrichment or refinement and which may be grown without pesticides. (from Segen, The Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)United Nations: An international organization whose members include most of the sovereign nations of the world with headquarters in New York City. The primary objectives of the organization are to maintain peace and security and to achieve international cooperation in solving international economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian problems.Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.Food Supply: The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Food Labeling: Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a food or its container or wrapper. The concept includes ingredients, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, directions, warnings, and other relevant information.Hunger: The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Drama: A composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving various characters, usually intended to be acted on a stage and to be regarded as a form of entertainment. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Diarrhea: An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.Diarrhea, Infantile: DIARRHEA occurring in infants from newborn to 24-months old.Sanitation: The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.Teaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.Toilet Facilities: Facilities provided for human excretion, often with accompanying handwashing facilities.Posters as Topic: Single or multi-sheet notices made to attract attention to events, activities, causes, goods, or services. They are for display, usually in a public place and are chiefly pictorial.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Erythrina: A genus of leguminous shrubs or trees, mainly tropical, yielding useful compounds such as ALKALOIDS and PLANT LECTINS.MexicoBrazilArizonaSimuliidae: Several species of the genus Simulium (family Simuliidae) that act as intermediate hosts (vectors) for the parasitic disease ONCHOCERCIASIS.Onchocerca volvulus: A species of parasitic nematodes widely distributed throughout central Africa and also found in northern South America, southern Mexico, and Guatemala. Its intermediate host and vector is the blackfly or buffalo gnat.Living Donors: Non-cadaveric providers of organs for transplant to related or non-related recipients.Phylogeny: The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Activities of Daily Living: The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Species Specificity: The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.Bacteria: One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.Assisted Living Facilities: A housing and health care alternative combining independence with personal care. It provides a combination of housing, personalized supportive services and health care designed to meet the needs, both scheduled and unscheduled, of those who need help with activities of daily living. (www.alfa.org)RNA Viruses: Viruses whose genetic material is RNA.Herbal Medicine: The study of medicines derived from botanical sources.FinlandHelsinki Declaration: An international agreement of the World Medical Association which offers guidelines for conducting experiments using human subjects. It was adopted in 1962 and revised by the 18th World Medical Assembly at Helsinki, Finland in 1964. Subsequent revisions were made in 1975, 1983, 1989, and 1996. (From Encyclopedia of Bioethics, rev ed, 1995)Phytotherapy: Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.Medicine, African Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.Drugs, Chinese Herbal: Chinese herbal or plant extracts which are used as drugs to treat diseases or promote general well-being. The concept does not include synthesized compounds manufactured in China.User-Computer Interface: The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Entomology: A discipline or occupation concerned with the study of INSECTS, including the biology and the control of insects.Hemiptera: A large order of insects characterized by having the mouth parts adapted to piercing or sucking. It is comprised of four suborders: HETEROPTERA, Auchenorrhyncha, Sternorrhyncha, and Coleorrhyncha.Forensic Sciences: Disciplines that apply sciences to law. Forensic sciences include a wide range of disciplines, such as FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY; FORENSIC ANTHROPOLOGY; FORENSIC MEDICINE; FORENSIC DENTISTRY; and others.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Confusion: A mental state characterized by bewilderment, emotional disturbance, lack of clear thinking, and perceptual disorientation.Bodily Secretions: Endogenous substances produced through the activity of intact cells of glands, tissues, or organs.Insects: The class Insecta, in the phylum ARTHROPODA, whose members are characterized by division into three parts: head, thorax, and abdomen. They are the dominant group of animals on earth; several hundred thousand different kinds having been described. Three orders, HEMIPTERA; DIPTERA; and SIPHONAPTERA; are of medical interest in that they cause disease in humans and animals. (From Borror et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p1)Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)MuseumsPortraits as Topic: Graphic representations, especially of the face, of real persons, usually posed, living or dead. (From Thesaurus for Graphic Materials II, p540, 1995)France: A country in western Europe bordered by the Atlantic Ocean, the English Channel, the Mediterranean Sea, and the countries of Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the principalities of Andorra and Monaco, and by the duchy of Luxembourg. Its capital is Paris.Tourette Syndrome: A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a another medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Medicine, Traditional: Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.FloridaAtlases as Topic: Collections of illustrative plates, charts, etc., usually with explanatory captions.Classification: The systematic arrangement of entities in any field into categories classes based on common characteristics such as properties, morphology, subject matter, etc.Dalbergia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members of this genus can cause CONTACT DERMATITIS.Cecropia Plant: A plant genus of the family CECROPIACEAE. Hypotensive and hypoglycemic effects have been observed in animals after ingesting members of this genus. There is no relation to cecropia moth (Hyalophora cecropia) see MOTHS.Bathing Beaches: Beaches, both natural and man-made, used for bathing and other activities.Cervical Atlas: The first cervical vertebra.Brachial Plexus: The large network of nerve fibers which distributes the innervation of the upper extremity. The brachial plexus extends from the neck into the axilla. In humans, the nerves of the plexus usually originate from the lower cervical and the first thoracic spinal cord segments (C5-C8 and T1), but variations are not uncommon.Mozambique: A republic in southern Africa, south of TANZANIA, east of ZAMBIA and ZIMBABWE, bordered on the west by the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Maputo. It was formerly called Portuguese East Africa.Trypsin Inhibitors: Serine proteinase inhibitors which inhibit trypsin. They may be endogenous or exogenous compounds.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Sports Equipment: Equipment required for engaging in a sport (such as balls, bats, rackets, skis, skates, ropes, weights) and devices for the protection of athletes during their performance (such as masks, gloves, mouth pieces).Foot Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving the foot.Litchi: A plant genus of the family SAPINDACEAE that bears sweet fruits. Unusual fatty acids such as cyclopropanoic fatty acids have been identified in the seeds.Poultry: Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.Drug Storage: The process of keeping pharmaceutical products in an appropriate location.Quarantine: Restriction of freedom of movement of individuals who have been exposed to infectious or communicable disease in order to prevent its spread; a period of detention of vessels, vehicles, or travelers coming from infected or suspected places; and detention or isolation on account of suspected contagion. It includes government regulations on the detention of animals at frontiers or ports of entrance for the prevention of infectious disease, through a period of isolation before being allowed to enter a country. (From Dorland, 28th ed & Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)Lupinus: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that is a source of SPARTEINE, lupanine and other lupin alkaloids.Lens Plant: A plant genus of the FABACEAE family known for the seeds used as food.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Newspapers: Publications printed and distributed daily, weekly, or at some other regular and usually short interval, containing news, articles of opinion (as editorials and letters), features, advertising, and announcements of current interest. (Webster's 3d ed)Journalism, Medical: The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.Research Report: Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.Mass Media: Instruments or technological means of communication that reach large numbers of people with a common message: press, radio, television, etc.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Ethics, Research: The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Diffusion of Innovation: The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.Cucurbitaceae: The gourd plant family of the order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. It is sometimes placed in its own order, Cucurbitales. 'Melon' generally refers to CUCUMIS; CITRULLUS; or MOMORDICA.Gossypium: A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. It is the source of COTTON FIBER; COTTONSEED OIL, which is used for cooking, and GOSSYPOL. The economically important cotton crop is a major user of agricultural PESTICIDES.Audiovisual Aids: Auditory and visual instructional materials.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Cotton Fiber: A TEXTILE fiber obtained from the pappus (outside the SEEDS) of cotton plant (GOSSYPIUM). Inhalation of cotton fiber dust over a prolonged period can result in BYSSINOSIS.Araliaceae: The ginseng plant family of the order Apiales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. Leaves are generally alternate, large, and compound. Flowers are five-parted and arranged in compound flat-topped umbels. The fruit is a berry or (rarely) a drupe (a one-seeded fruit). It is well known for plant preparations used as adaptogens (immune support and anti-fatigue).

Sinorhizobium fredii HH103 mutants affected in capsular polysaccharide (KPS) are impaired for nodulation with soybean and Cajanus cajan. (1/30)

The Sinorhizobium fredii HH103 rkp-1 region, which is involved in capsular polysaccharides (KPS) production, was isolated and sequenced. The organization of the S. fredii genes identified, rkpUAGHIJ and kpsF3, was identical to that described for S. meliloti 1021 but different from that of S. meliloti AK631. The long rkpA gene (7.5 kb) of S. fredii HH103 and S. meliloti 1021 appears as a fusion of six clustered AK631 genes, rkpABCDEF. S. fredii HH103-Rif(r) mutants affected in rkpH or rkpG were constructed. An exoA mutant unable to produce exopolysaccharide (EPS) and a double mutant exoA rkpH also were obtained. Glycine max (soybean) and Cajanus cajan (pigeon pea) plants inoculated with the rkpH, rkpG, and rkpH exoA derivatives of S. fredii HH103 showed reduced nodulation and severe symptoms of nitrogen starvation. The symbiotic capacity of the exoA mutant was not significantly altered. All these results indicate that KPS, but not EPS, is of crucial importance for the symbiotic capacity of S. fredii HH103-Rif(r). S. meliloti strains that produce only EPS or KPS are still effective with alfalfa. In S. fredii HH103, however, EPS and KPS are not equivalent, because mutants in rkp genes are symbiotically impaired regardless of whether or not EPS is produced.  (+info)

Protective effect of a 43 kD protein from the leaves of the herb, Cajanus indicus L on chloroform induced hepatic-disorder. (2/30)

Cajanus indicus is a herb with medicinal properties and is traditionally used to treat various forms of liver disorders. Present study aimed to evaluate the effect of a 43 kD protein isolated from the leaves of this herb against chloroform induced hepatotoxicity. Male albino mice were intraperitoneally treated with 2 mg/kg body weight of the protein for 5 days followed by oral application of chloroform (0.75 ml/kg body weight) for 2 days. Different biochemical parameters related to physiology and pathophysiology of liver, such as, serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase and alkaline phosphatase were determined in the murine sera under various experimental conditions. Direct antioxidant role of the protein was also determined from its reaction with Diphenyl picryl hydroxyl radical, superoxide radical and hydrogen peroxide. To find out the mode of action of this protein against chloroform induced liver damage, levels of antioxidant enzymes catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione-S-transferase were measured from liver homogenates. Peroxidation of membrane lipids both in vivo and in vitro were also measured as malonaldialdehyde. Finally, histopathological analyses were done from liver sections of control, toxin treated and protein pre- and post-treated (along with the toxin) mice. Levels of serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase and alkaline phosphatase, which showed an elevation in chloroform induced hepatic damage, were brought down near to the normal levels with the protein pretreatment. On the contrary, the levels of antioxidant enzymes such as catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione-S-transferase that had gone down in mice orally fed with chloroform were significantly elevated in protein pretreated ones. Besides, chloroform induced lipid peroxidation was effectively reduced by protein treatment both in vivo and in vitro. In cell free system the protein effectively quenched diphenyl picryl hydroxyl radical and superoxide radical, though it could not catalyse the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide. Post treatment with the protein for 3 days after 2 days of chloroform administration showed similar results. Histopathological studies indicated that chloroform induced extensive tissue damage was less severe in the mice livers treated with the 43 kD protein prior and post to the toxin administration. Results from all these data suggest that the protein possesses both preventive and curative role against chloroform induced hepatotoxicity and probably acts by an anti-oxidative defense mechanism.  (+info)

Insect odour perception: recognition of odour components by flower foraging moths. (3/30)

Odours emitted by flowers are complex blends of volatile compounds. These odours are learnt by flower-visiting insect species, improving their recognition of rewarding flowers and thus foraging efficiency. We investigated the flexibility of floral odour learning by testing whether adult moths recognize single compounds common to flowers on which they forage. Dual choice preference tests on Helicoverpa armigera moths allowed free flying moths to forage on one of three flower species; Argyranthemum frutescens (federation daisy), Cajanus cajan (pigeonpea) or Nicotiana tabacum (tobacco). Results showed that, (i) a benzenoid (phenylacetaldehyde) and a monoterpene (linalool) were subsequently recognized after visits to flowers that emitted these volatile constituents, (ii) in a preference test, other monoterpenes in the flowers' odour did not affect the moths' ability to recognize the monoterpene linalool and (iii) relative preferences for two volatiles changed after foraging experience on a single flower species that emitted both volatiles. The importance of using free flying insects and real flowers to understand the mechanisms involved in floral odour learning in nature are discussed in the context of our findings.  (+info)

Amelioration of galactosamine-induced nephrotoxicity by a protein isolated from the leaves of the herb, Cajanus indicus L. (4/30)

BACKGROUND: Galactosamine (GalN), an established experimental toxin, mainly causes liver injury via the generation of free radicals and depletion of UTP nucleotides. Renal failure is often associated with end stage liver damage. GalN intoxication also induces renal dysfunction in connection with hepatic disorders. Present study was designed to find out the effect of a protein isolated from the leaves of the herb Cajanus indicus against GalN induced renal damage. METHODS: Both preventive as well as curative effect of the protein was investigated in the study. GalN was administered intraperitoneally at a dose of 800 mg/kg body weight for 3 days pre and post to protein treatment at an intraperitoneal dose of 2 mg/kg body weight for 4 days. The activities of antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR) and glutathione-S-transferase (GST), levels of cellular metabolites, reduced glutathione (GSH), total thiols, oxidized glutathione (GSSG) and lipid peroxidation end products were determined to estimate the status of the antioxidative defense system. In addition, serum creatinine and urea nitrogen (UN) levels were also measured as a marker of nephrotoxicity. RESULTS: Results showed that GalN treatment significantly increased the serum creatinine and UN levels compared to the normal group of mice. The extent of lipid peroxidation and the level of GSSG were also enhanced by the GalN intoxication whereas the activities of antioxidant enzymes SOD, CAT, GR and GST as well as the levels of total thiols and GSH were decreased in the kidney tissue homogenates. Protein treatment both prior and post to the toxin administration successfully altered the effects in the experimental mice. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed that GalN caused a severe oxidative insult in the kidney. Protein treatment both pre and post to the GalN intoxication could protect the kidney tissue against GalN induced oxidative stress. As GalN induced severe hepatotoxicity followed by renal failure, the protective role of the protein against GalN induced renal damages is likely to be an indirect effect. Since the protein possess hepatoprotective activity, it may first ameliorate GalN-induced liver damage and consequently the renal disorders are reduced. To the best of our knowledge, this is probably the first report describing GalN-induced oxidative stress in renal damages and the protective role of a plant protein molecule against it.  (+info)

A 43 kD protein isolated from the herb Cajanus indicus L attenuates sodium fluoride-induced hepatic and renal disorders in vivo. (5/30)

The herb, Cajanus indicus L, is well known for its hepatoprotective action. A 43 kD protein has been isolated, purified and partially sequenced from the leaves of this herb. A number of in vivo and in vitro studies carried out in our laboratory suggest that this protein might be a major component responsible for the hepatoprotective action of the herb. Our successive studies have been designed to evaluate the potential efficacy of this protein in protecting the hepatic as well as renal tissues from the sodium fluoride (NaF) induced oxidative stress. The experimental groups of mice were exposed to NaF at a dose of 600 ppm through drinking water for one week. This exposure significantly altered the activities of the antioxidant enzymes like superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), glutathione reductase (GR) and the cellular metabolites such as reduced glutathione (GSH), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), total thiols, lipid peroxidation end products in liver and kidney compared to the normal mice. Intraperitoneal administration of the protein at a dose of 2 mg/kg body weight for seven days followed by NaF treatment (600 ppm for next seven days) normalized the activities of the hepato-renal antioxidant enzymes, the level of cellular metabolites and lipid peroxidation end products. Post treatment with the protein for four days showed that it could help recovering the damages after NaF administration. Time-course study suggests that the protein could stimulate the recovery of both the organs faster than natural process. Effects of a known antioxidant, vitamin E, and a non-relevant protein, bovine serum albumin (BSA) have been included in the study to validate the experimental data. Combining all, result suggests that NaF could induce severe oxidative stress both in the liver and kidney tissues in mice and the protein possessed the ability to attenuate that hepato-renal toxic effect of NaF probably via its antioxidant activity.  (+info)

Anti-oxidative effect of a protein from Cajanus indicus L against acetaminophen-induced hepato-nephro toxicity. (6/30)

Overdoses of acetaminophen cause hepato-renal oxidative stress. The present study was undertaken to investigate the protective effect of a 43 kDa protein isolated from the herb Cajanus indicus, against acetaminophen-induced hepatic and renal toxicity. Male albino mice were treated with the protein for 4 days (intraperitoneally, 2 mg/kg body wt) prior or post to oral administration of acetaminophen (300 mg/kg body wt) for 2 days. Levels of different marker enzymes (namely, glutamate pyruvate transaminase and alkaline phosphatase), creatinine and blood urea nitrogen were measured in the experimental sera. Intracellular reactive oxygen species production and total antioxidant activity were also determined from acetaminophen and protein treated hepatocytes. Indices of different antioxidant enzymes (namely, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione-S-transferase) as well as lipid peroxidation end-products and glutathione were determined in both liver and kidney homogenates. In addition, Cytochrome P450 activity was also measured from liver microsomes. Finally, histopathological studies were performed from liver sections of control, acetaminophen-treated and protein pre- and post-treated (along with acetaminophen) mice. Administration of acetaminophen increased all the serum markers and creatinine levels in mice sera along with the enhancement of hepatic and renal lipid peroxidation. Besides, application of acetaminophen to hepatocytes increased reactive oxygen species production and reduced the total antioxidant activity of the treated hepatocytes. It also reduced the levels of antioxidant enzymes and cellular reserves of glutathione in liver and kidney. In addition, acetaminophen enhanced the cytochrome P450 activity of liver microsomes. Treatment with the protein significantly reversed these changes to almost normal. Apart from these, histopathological changes also revealed the protective nature of the protein against acetaminophen induced necrotic damage of the liver tissues. Results suggest that the protein protects hepatic and renal tissues against oxidative damages and could be used as an effective protector against acetaminophen induced hepato-nephrotoxicity.  (+info)

Fertility restoration in cytoplasmic-nuclear male-sterile lines derived from 3 wild relatives of pigeonpea. (7/30)

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Purification, crystallization and preliminary X-ray analysis of urease from pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan). (8/30)

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*Cajanus

... cinereus Cajanus confertiflorus Cajanus crassicaulis Cajanus crassus Cajanus elongatus Cajanus goensis Cajanus ... Cajanus kerstingii Cajanus lanceolatus Cajanus lanuginosus Cajanus latisepalus Cajanus mareebensis Cajanus marmoratus Cajanus ... mollis Cajanus platycarpus Cajanus pubescens Cajanus reticulatus Cajanus scarabaeoides Cajanus sericeus Cajanus viscidus Maesen ... Species include: Cajanus acutifolius Cajanus albicans Cajanus aromaticus Cajanus cajan - pigeon pea, Congo-pea ...

*Cajanus scarabaeoides

... is a flowering plant in the genus Cajanus Of the 32 different species within the genus Cajanus, only one ... Cajanus scarabaeoides is a very close wild relative species of Cajanus cajan (common name, pigeonpea). It is a dicot angiosperm ... Romeis, J.; Shanower, T.G.; Peter, A.J. (March 1999). "Trichomes on Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] and two wild Cajanus ... Cajanus scarabaeoides is the closest wild relative to C. cajan, and is one of the easiest wild species to cross with pigeonpea ...

*Cajanus kerstingii

... is propagated via fruit. Cajanus kerstingii is also a perennial, non-climbing shrub, meaning it survives for ... "Cajanus kerstingii". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Missing or empty ,url= (help); ,access-date= requires ,url= (help) "Cajanus ... The main constraint to the close relative Cajanus cajan is its vulnerability to a wide variety of pests and diseases. "Cajanus ... It is closely related to the widely utilised Cajanus cajan, otherwise known as pigeon pea. Cajanus kerstingii can be consumed ...

*Werner Cajanus

Karl Werner Cajanus (1878-1919) was a Finnish forest scientist. He taught philosophy as a doctorate in 1914 and cared for at ...

*Daniel Cajanus

Cajanus was born in Paltamo, Oulu, Finland, the son of a clergyman. Finland was at that time part of Sweden, and Cajanus was ... Cajanus was quite popular in the Netherlands. In 1745 Cajanus settled in Haarlem, Netherlands, where he bought the right to ... Cajanus died on 27 February 1749, leaving a large sum in his will to pay for a lavish funeral and a burial vault inside the ... Cajanus lived for some years at the court of August II of Poland, where he served as a cavalry soldier. Following the king's ...

*Cajanus (family)

Members of this family include: Anders Cajanus Daniel Cajanus (1703-1749) a world-famous giant who was a member of royal courts ... Juhana Cajanus (1655-1681), professor, author of first Finnish-language hymn (still in use), graduated with an M.A. from ... The Cajanus family is an ancient Finnish clerical family that has produced numerous clergymen, government officials, and ... Erik Cajanus (1658-1723), Priest of Paltamo Juhana Fredrik Cajan (1815-1887) Robert Kajanus (1856-1933), Finnish conductor and ...

*Nutrition

Morris, Audrey; Audia Barnett; Olive-Jean Burrows (2004). "Effect of Processing on Nutrient Content of Foods" (PDF). Cajanus. ...

*List of trifoliate plants

Cajanus spp. Calopogonium spp. Canavalia spp. Carmichaelia spp. Christia spp. Clematis aristata Cleome serrulata Clitoria spp. ...

*List of Australian plant species authored by Ferdinand von Mueller

Cajanus cinereus (Benth.) F.Muell. Cajanus confertiflorus F.Muell. Cajanus marmoratus (Benth.) F.Muell. Cajanus reticulatus ( ...

*Cytisus

... cajanus Sessé & Moc. Cytisus candidus C.Presl Cytisus canescens Loisel. Cytisus canescens J.Presl & C.Presl Cytisus ...

*List of plants of Burkina Faso

Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cajanus kerstingii Harms Caladium bicolor (Aiton) Vent. Calamus deerratus G.Mann & H.Wendl. Caldesia ...

*Pigeon pea

REDGRAM ( Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. ) Van der Maeson, L. J. G. (1995). "Pigeonpea Cajanus cajan", pp. 251-5 in Smartt, J. and ... The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan)and (arhar) is a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae. Since its domestication in India at ... The centre of origin is probably peninsular India, where the closest wild relatives (Cajanus cajanifolia) occur in tropical ... January 2012). "Draft genome sequence of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan), an orphan legume crop of resource-poor farmers". Nat. ...

*City Hall (Haarlem)

Painting of the giant Daniel Cajanus. Painting of Kenau Simonsdochter Hasselaer. One of the double portraits of the Counts of ...

*Anarsia omoptila

The larvae feed on Cajanus indicus. They feed from within folded leaves of their host plant. "LepIndex". nhm.ac.uk. Retrieved ...

*Adisura marginalis

The larvae feed on Cajanus cajan. Australian Faunal Directory Australian Caterpillars. ...

*Caloptilia callicirrha

The larvae feed on Cajanus cajan. They mine the leaves of their host plant. Global Taxonomic Database of Gracillariidae ( ...

*Epicephala vermiformis

The larvae feed on Cajanus cajan. They probably mine the leaves of their host plant. Global Taxonomic Database of ...

*Dicymolomia metalophota

The larvae possibly feed on Cajanus cajan. Nuss, M.; et al. (2003-2014). "GlobIZ search". Global Information System on ...

*Proveniershuis

Daniel Cajanus was buried in the Sint-Bavokerk when he died in 1749 and a commemorative painting of him now hangs in the lower ... Pieter Langendijk Daniel Cajanus in Haarlem city hall. The regents in 1736 by Frans Decker. The most famous men who stayed in ... the Proveniershuis in the 18th century were Daniel Cajanus, the "Wonderful giant" Finn who was said to be eight feet high, and ...

*Stangeia xerodes

The wingspan is about 10 millimetres (0.39 in). The larvae feed on Cleome, Cajanus cajan and Acacia. They are about 12 ...

*List of MeSH codes (B06)

... cajanus (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.401.096 --- canavalia (wd , gwp gwe g , in it p) MeSH B06.388.100.401.098 ...

*Beta-L-arabinosidase

Dey PM (1973). "Beta-L-arabinosidase from Cajanus indicus: a new enzyme". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 302 (2): 393-8. doi:10.1016/ ...

*Caloptilia acrotherma

The larvae feed on Atylosia candollei and Cajanus cajan. They probably mine the leaves of their host plant. Global Taxonomic ...

*Ancylostomia

The larvae feed on Cajanus cajan, Cicer and Dolichos species. They bore into the seed cavity of their host plant. A small mound ...

*Phytophthora cajani

... is a species of water mould that infects pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan). It was first described in 1978. Amin, ... K. S.; Baldev, B.; Williams, F. J. (January 1978). "Phytophthora cajani, a New Species Causing Stem Blight on Cajanus cajan". ...
Daniel Mynheer Cajanus (1704 - 27 February 1749) was a Finnish giant. He made his living by exhibiting himself for money; he appeared in many European countries and attracted the interest of scientists and laypeople, including royalty. After his death, portions of his skeleton found their way into museums, where some parts still remain. Cajanus was born in Paltamo, Oulu, Finland, the son of a clergyman. Finland was at that time part of Sweden, and Cajanus was often referred to as the "Swedish Giant". Estimates of his adult height vary and range as high as 8 feet 1.4 inches (2.474 m). Jan Bondeson, a medical professional and author who has researched and written on Cajanus, suggests that his true height was around 7 feet 8 inches (2.34 m), supported by contemporaneous accounts in the London Annual Register. Various unconfirmed versions of his early life exist, but tax records indicate he may have left the country in 1723 or soon afterward, and Finnish and Swedish tradition recounts that he joined ...
Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) is an important grain legume. It is Kenyas third most important legume after common beans and cowpea. The potential yield of the crop in the region has not been realized due to insect infestation that causes losses of up to 65% in severe attacks and Fusarium wilt disease which is the most devastating disease in the region. This important crop has limited genetic variability within its centers of origin and cultivated lines which make it hard for improvement against disease and pests through conventional breeding. Modern biotechnology offers a window to overcome this hurdle. Through genetic engineering, genes from unrelated organisms carrying traits of interest can be transferred to the target organisms in order to improve both quality of the harvested grain as well a,, yield quantity. The objective of this study was to optimize a transformation protocol previously reported by Sharma and co-workers from ICRISAT in India using Agrobacterium ...
A trial was conducted to evaluate the influence of antinutritional factors in some feedstuffs on broiler chicks performance and intestinal epithelium. A total of 480 one-day old broiler chicks were allotted to a completely randomized experimental design with four treatments (A= corn and soybean meal based control diet; B = diet containing Leucaena leucocephala - 6% [LL]; C = diet containing Leucaena cunningan - 6% [LC] and D = diet containing Pigeous bean - Cajanus cajan - 20% [CC]), four replicates and 30 broiler chicks per experimental unit. The broiler chicks, which were fed with LL and LC containing diets showed lower weight gain and a worse feed: gain in the periods from 1 to 21 and from 1 to 42 days of age. At 21st days of age only the broiler chicks fed with LC containing diet showed a higher villi size in jejunum and villi: crypt ratio in jejunum and ileum. There was significant increase on the number of Goblet cells in the duodenum and jejunum in the broiler chicks of all treatments at ...
The department of appreciated its former Heads of Department for their exemplary service on Thursday, 23rd November, 2017 front raw fro right Prof Michieka,Prof Mukunya,Prof Mutitu,Prof Waithaka, Prof Cheminingwa and Prof Hutchinson current chairman. ...
ID A0A151R9I9_CAJCA Unreviewed; 418 AA. AC A0A151R9I9; DT 08-JUN-2016, integrated into UniProtKB/TrEMBL. DT 08-JUN-2016, sequence version 1. DT 25-OCT-2017, entry version 7. DE SubName: Full=Putative cyclic nucleotide-gated ion channel 19 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYP39025.1}; DE Flags: Fragment; GN ORFNames=KK1_039698 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYP39025.1}; OS Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) (Cajanus indicus). OC Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; OC Spermatophyta; Magnoliophyta; eudicotyledons; Gunneridae; OC Pentapetalae; rosids; fabids; Fabales; Fabaceae; Papilionoideae; OC Phaseoleae; Cajanus. OX NCBI_TaxID=3821 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYP39025.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000075243}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYP39025.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000075243} RP NUCLEOTIDE SEQUENCE [LARGE SCALE GENOMIC DNA]. RC STRAIN=cv. Asha {ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000075243}; RX PubMed=22057054; DOI=10.1038/nbt.2022; RA Varshney R.K., Chen W., Li Y., Bharti A.K., Saxena R.K., RA Schlueter J.A., Donoghue ...
The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan)and (arhar) is a perennial legume from the family Fabaceae. Since its domestication in India at least 3,500 years ago, its seeds have become a common food grain in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. It is consumed on a large scale mainly in south Asia and is a major source of protein for the population of that subcontinent. The pigeon pea is known by numerous names with different etymologies, "tropical green pea", gungo pea in Jamaica, tuver touror arhar in India, red gram, and gandule bean. The cultivation of the pigeon pea goes back at least 3,500 years. The centre of origin is probably peninsular India, where the closest wild relatives (Cajanus cajanifolia) occur in tropical deciduous woodlands. Archaeological finds of pigeon pea dating to about 3400 years ago (14th century BC) have been found at Neolithic sites in Kalaburagi, Karnataka (Sanganakallu) and its border areas (Tuljapur Garhi in Maharashtra and Gopalpur in Orissa) and also the south Indian ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class="publication">Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href="http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php">Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) has been exploited in the commercial pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] hybrid breeding system; however, the molecular mechanism behind this system is unknown. To understand the underlying molecular mechanism involved in A4 CMS system derived from C. cajanifolius (Haines) Maesen, 34 mitochondrial genes were analyzed for expression profiling and structural variation analysis between CMS line (ICRISAT Pigeonpea A line, ICPA 2039) and its cognate maintainer (ICPB 2039). Expression profiling of 34 mitochondrial genes revealed nine genes with significant fold differential gene expression at P ≤ 0.01, including one gene, nad4L, with 1366-fold higher expression in CMS line as compared with the maintainer. Structural variation analysis of these mitochondrial genes identified length variation between ICPA 2039 and ICPB 2039 for nad7a (subunit of nad7 gene). Sanger sequencing of nad4L and nad7a genes in the CMS and the maintainer lines identified two single ...
Maize (Zea mays L.) is a major staple food in Sub-Saharan Africa but low soil fertility, limited resources and droughts keep yields low. Cultivation of maize intercropped with pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L. Millsp.) is common in some areas of eastern and southern Africa. The objectives of this study were (1) to investigate dry matter, nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) accumulation in different plant components of maize-pigeonpea intercropping systems and (2) to report the effects of the intercrops on soil fertility. Maize-pigeonpea intercrops were compared to sole maize grown using farmers practices. Intercropping maize and pigeonpea increased (P,0.05) total system yield compared to sole maize in terms of biomass, N and P accumulation. Pigeonpea planted in maize did not reduce (P,0.05) the accumulation of dry matter, N nor P in the maize grain. The harvest indices of maize, calculated on basis dry matter, N or P did not differ either (P,0.05). Total soil C and N contents and inorganic N content, ...
Thirty-eight isolates of Fusarium udum obtained frornpigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) plants showing wilt symptoms were collected from various districts in Kenya and tested for variability in vegetative compatibility groups (YCG) and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP). Nitrate non-utilising mutants were generated from F. udumisolates by selecting chlorate-resistant sectors on minimal medium amended with 15 g 1.1 potassium chlorate. All the isolates of F. udum were grouped into a single YCG (YCG I) with two subgroups YCG I I and YCG.I Il. The DNA of-the fungal isolates was extracted using CTAB method. The AFLP analysis of 38 isolates using seven primer combinations generated a total of3 is fragments with 102 being polymorphic (32% polymorphism). The isolates could be grouped into one AFLP group with more than ten subgroups based on the analysis of the banding patterns, although most of these subgroups were not significantly distant «50% confidence. interval) genetically. Based on YCG and ...
How about a living "fence" that gives you privacy and puts food on the table? Yup, the summer months offer us a perfect chance to screen a hot tub or back yard from view with graceful green growth, lovely red and yellow flowers while providing a steady source of tropical "beans" savored all over the Caribbean. And when is the last time you bought a privacy fence for about $1 at a grocery store? Go straight to the ethnic foods isle where the Cuban foods are and buy a bag of dried "Gandule Beans", also called "Pigeon Peas". This tropical perennial legume is known botanically as Cajanus cajan and loves a hot humid climate yet will usually will regrow from the bottom following a freeze here in central Florida. (And if not, spend another dollar!). Just plant one bean about 1 inch deep every foot all along where you wish your "fence" to grow, and water weekly if there is no rain. While they will grow faster in improved fertile soil, gandule beans do well in most soils once the summer rains kick ...
Elastin is restricted to few amino acids and its protein constitutes blood vessels in the body as well as tumors. It is believed that when the body is deprived of those amino acids that constitute elastin, little amount would be available to constitute those tumors. Five underutilized legumes; Vigna subterranean (A), Cajanus cajan (B), Phaseolus lunatus (C), Canavalia ensiformis (D), Mucuna pruriens (E) were composited to obtain the minimum score of the amino acids that would supply amino acids to build elastin. Response Surface Methodology (RSM), D-optimal model was used to obtain 45 experimental runs made up of these underutilized proteins. Proteins were extracted and hydrolyzed and their amino acids were analyzed with HPLC system. The amino acids score in elastin (AASE) or values were obtained by simply adding up the six constituent amino acids in elastin (glycine, proline, valine, leucine isoleucine and alanine). Subsequently, the legumes that could constitute for such AASE minimum score of ...
The arsenic (As) influence on the relative growth rate (TCR) and on the antioxidant system of four leguminous species: Leucocephala leucocephala, Sesbania grandiflora (woody), Cajanus cajan and Crotalaria spectabilis (shrub), it was evaluated, as well as, the accumulation of this element for these species. After the exhibition of these species to the As, in nutritious solution, they were appraised TCR and the enzymatic activity of the enzymes: superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POX), ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and glutathione reductase (GR) and the accumulation of As for the same ones. Of the woody species, S. grandiflora showed minor influences of the As on TCR, besides presenting larger accumulation of this element than L. leucocephala. The largest tolerance presented by S. grandiflora can be related to efficient of the antioxidant system of the same. S. grandiflora, when cultivated in nutritious solution without addition of As, it presented the largest activities of the ...
Proyecto financiado parcialmente con recursos de la Fundación MacArthur La presente investigación se enmarca en la búsqueda de estrategias que concilien la producción con la conservación de los recursos naturales. Forma parte del programa institucional de El Colegio de la Frontera Sur para impulsar el desarrollo sustentable de las comunidades mayas del estado de Chiapas. El objeto de este proyecto es contribuir al diseño de sistemas agroforestales en comunidades mayas del estado de Chiapas. Se desarrollará el sistema de café y ganadería indígena en cinco comunidades de la zona norte Tzitzil Tzeltal del estado de Chiapas. Para el diseño de un sistema silvopastoril alternativo, se desarrollarán pruebas agronómicas y de valoración nutricional forrajera, con especies promisorias como: Calliandra Houstoniana, Erythrina berteroana, Erythrina peoppigiana, Gliricidia sepium, Guazana ulmifolia, Leucaena leucocephala y Cajanus cajan. En el sistema de café se evaluarán las principales entre ...
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The present investigation was undertaken with a view of expedition of putative restorers for the development of high yielding rabi sorghum hybrids. Three CMS line were tested with ten restorers in line × tester mating design to evaluate seed set per cent and fertility restoration behavior. Restorers AKRB-335-3, Rb-413-1, AKRB-428, AKRB-429, AKRB-430 and AKRB-431 exhibited high fertility restoration ability in the CMS lines and therefore, hybrids viz. AKMS 30A×AKRB-335-3, AKMS 30A×AKRB-428, AKMS 30A×Rb-413-1, AKMS 30A×AKRB-429, AKMS 30A×AKRB-430, AKMS 30A×AKRB-431, AKRMS 45A×AKRB-335-3, AKRMS 45A×AKRB-428 and AKRMS 45A×Rb-413-1 showed high seed set percentage with anther fertility rating (9.0). The inheritance of fertility restoration revealed that observed frequency fits well into Mendelian ration of 3:1 for seed setting indicates that fertility restoration is governed by single dominant gene. Cluster analysis differentiate thirty hybrids in three classes, fully fertile revealed that ...
Full nutritional breakdown of the calories in Arroz con Gandules y leche de coco (rice and pigeon pea with coconut milk) based on the calories and nutrition in each ingredient, including White Rice, medium grain, Goya Pigeon Peas (Gandules), Extra Light Olive Oil, Coconut Milk (Silk), Onions, raw and the other ingredients in this recipe.
The genome of 292 pigeonpea lines from 23 countries has been re-sequenced by a global team of 19 scientists. The re-sequencing has ...
Assessing the relationship between socio-cultural factors and varieties richness at household level, no significant association was found between the number of varieties held by household and the age of the respondent, number of years of experience in pigeonpea cultivation, the size of household and number of family members engaged in agricultural activities. This finding does not substantiate our hypothesis and this could be due to the fact that the majority of farmers maintained and cultivated one variety at household level (very low varieties richness). In addition, even though pigeonpea plays an important role in food security, especially during lean season, the crop is not considered by farmers as a priority crop and they do not apply any external inputs and its cultivation does not need special skills. Thus, access to knowledge and resources, which are determined by social cultural and economic factors [3], may not have affected pigeonpea varieties richness. The absence of significant ...
NUI Galway has entered into a Research & Education Alliance with the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). ICRISAT is headquartered in India with a range of research stations in Africa. This Research Alliance will combine efforts, expertise and capacity in order to advance Plant and AgriBiosciences research for poverty reduction in developing countries in the semi-arid tropics (particularly in sub-Saharan Africa). The Alliance will strengthen collaborations between research groups within the NUI Galway Plant and AgriBiosciences Research Cluster and scientists in ICRISAT. The Alliance will conduct research on staple crops of the poor to improve smallholder productivity and food security ...
I Wayan Suanda (1), Ketut Widnyana (2) (1) Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi FPMIPA IKIP PGRI Bali (2) Fakultas Pertanian Unmas Denpasar ABSTRAK Penelitian tentang kemampuan fungisida botanis ekstrak sembung delan (S. Indicus L.) terhadap P.ninfestans secara In-Vitro dilakukan di Laboratorium Mikrobiologi Jurusan Biologi FMIPA UNUD. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kemampuan fungisida botanis ekstrak sembung delan 9S. indicus L.) terhadap P. infestans secara In-Vitro. Dalam skala laboratorium pengujian dilakukan dengan menumbuhkan koloni jamur .... ...
I met this girl environmentalist in where else? Feisbuk. In the beginning it was all philosophy, insight, love for nature, environmental good will. But the misanthropist within was very suspicious. Another case of the Guaynabo City, Scubba Dog Syndrome spreading all over the isle, this time in a far away iconic dry desert town, my favorite away from the populace spot. ...
Of the several antinutritional factors of food grain legumes, protease inhibitors (trypsin and chymotrypsin inhibitors), amylase inhibitors, flatulence causing sugars (oligosaccharides), polyphenols and phytic acid of chickpea and pigeonpea seeds have been studied in our laboratory and the results are summarised in this report.... ...
How species arise is a fundamental and still unanswered question in biology. Under the biological species concept, species consist of populations of interbreeding individuals that are reproductively isolated from other such populations (Mayr 1942). Thus, to understand speciation, we must learn how reproductive barriers evolve between populations. Postzygotic reproductive barriers are commonly found in nature, and occur when hybrid progeny are relatively unfit in comparison to their parents and serve as inefficient bridges for gene flow between populations. Hybrids can be extrinsically unfit, in that they are maladapted to their environment (for example, hybrids exhibit an intermediate phenotype which is unfit in parental environments) or intrinsically unfit, in that they are developmentally abnormal (for example, hybrids are sterile or inviable) (Coyne and Orr 2004).. The Bateson-Dobzhansky-Muller (BDM) model hypothesizes that hybrids are intrinsically unfit due to incompatible gene ...
ICRISAT seeks applications from Indian Nationals for the post of Agronomy / Agro-meteorology / Systems Modelling. The position is based at ICRISAT- Patancheru Hyderabad.. ICRISAT is a non-profit, non-political organization that conducts agricultural research for development in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa with a wide array of partners throughout the world. ICRISAT and its partners help empower those living in the semi-arid tropics, especially smallholder farmers, to overcome poverty, hunger, malnutrition and a degraded environment through more efficient and profitable agriculture.. ICRISAT is headquartered in Patancheru near Hyderabad, India, with two regional hubs and five country offices in sub-Saharan Africa. ICRISAT, established in 1972, is a member of the CGIAR Consortium. For more details, see www.icrisat.org.. Preamble: In the semi-arid agro-ecologies, empowering smallholder farmers to achieve food security and create cash earning agricultural enterprises requires a deep understanding of ...
In this interview with Michael Abberton, Head of the IITA Genetic Resources Centre (or Genebank), he shares his expertise on cowpea, a food and animal feed crop that is grown in the semi-arid tropics particularly Africa, but also Asia, the United States and Central and South America
Are you looking for government jobs in Hyderabad? International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is inviting applications to fill the vacancy of Visiting Scientist. Learn all about the eligibility criteria and apply for the ...
Venkatesan, T., Sridhar, V. Yan, T., Padma, N., Gopinath, V., Rishi, R., Jalali, S.K., Krishnakumar, N.K. and Umesh, K. R. 2011. Genetic differentiation and gene flow among the Helicoverpa armigera collections from chilli pepper, pigeon pea, tomato and cotton. Plant and Animal Genome XX conference to be held at San Diego, California, USA from January 14-18, 2012 ...
Developing a decision-support process for landscape conservation design, Bonnot, Thomas W., D. Jones-Farrand Todd, Thompson Frank R., Millspaugh Joshua J., Fitzgerald Jane A., Muenks Nate, Hanberry Phillip, Stroh Esther, Heggemann Larry, Fowler Allison, et al. , Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-190. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 66 p., 07/2019, Newtown Square, PA, (2019) ...
Developing a decision-support process for landscape conservation design, Bonnot, Thomas W., D. Jones-Farrand Todd, Thompson Frank R., Millspaugh Joshua J., Fitzgerald Jane A., Muenks Nate, Hanberry Phillip, Stroh Esther, Heggemann Larry, Fowler Allison, et al. , Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-190. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 66 p., 07/2019, Newtown Square, PA, (2019) ...
Using Yet another NSAID just isnt advisable. Sensitivity to drug-linked adverse reactions may differ with the person patient. Dogs that have expert adverse reactions from a single NSAID could knowledge adverse reactions from Yet another NSAID. Carprofen treatment was not linked with renal toxicity or gastrointestinal ulceration in effectively-controlled safety scientific studies of up to ten occasions the dose in dogs. Carprofen Caplets just isnt advisable to be used in dogs with bleeding Issues (e.g., Von Willebrands illness), as safety hasnt been set up in dogs with these Ailments. The safe utilization of Carprofen Caplets in animals under 6 weeks of age, pregnant dogs, dogs utilized for breeding applications, or in lactating bitches hasnt been founded. Reports to ascertain the exercise of Carprofen when administered concomitantly with other protein-sure or in the same way metabolized medicines have not been done ...
Development and Characterization of Polymorphic Genic-SSR Markers in Larix kaempferi. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y descargar libros, documentos, trabajos y tesis universitarias en PDF. Material universiario, documentación y tareas realizadas por universitarios en nuestra biblioteca. Para descargar gratis y para leer online.
Why we love it: The unique, 2 step mask-serum combo strengthens skin barrier and protects complexion from aging while soothing sensitive skin. Taiwanese Bitter
Aboriginals in the USA, Australia, New Zealand, to name 3 of my favorites, had their land, religion, languages, culture, taken away, way of life destroyed thanks to progress and avarice, in reservations. However a week ago, while I read a long essay about the big deal slavery in the USA, Abe Lincoln, civil war and secession, the big deal of being equal in the constitution, the damn indians are not mentioned once. The injustice is just described, defined for them darkies, as if the aboriginals never existed. As if they do not exist anywhere. ...
Sooty stripe is a serious disease of sorghum. Caused by a fungus called Ramulispora sorghi, it is particularly severe in areas with 500-1000 mm average annual rainfall. Recent studies indicate that sooty stripe can cause grain losses of nearly 50%. Scientists from several West African countries have joined forces with researchers from the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) to find ways to halt the advance of the fungus. The work began in 1990 in Mali where ICRISATs research team, the West Africa Sorghum Improvement Programme (WASIP) deliberately infected young sorghum plants with sooty stripe in order to detect resistance to the disease. This was done by spraying them with a suspension containing sooty stripe spores obtained from lesions of infected plants. In 1992 the effectiveness of the technique was confirmed by researchers from Burkina Fasos national programme, who modified the procedure by placing the fungal suspension in the whorls of leaves. This ...
This is the second volume (though actually the fourth to appear) in the series Tropical Trees: Propagation and Planting Manuals. It is about tropical tree seeds - choosing, obtaining, handling and germinating them. As with the previous manuals, it is based on the general biological principles that apply to woody perennials throughout the humid and semi-arid tropics. Thus, rather than listing instructions for individual species, it describes seed propagation environments and methods for raising good seedlings of most kinds of trees, provides advice on useful techniques and includes a check-list for trouble-shooting.. Planting tropical trees is frequently hampered by the difficulty of obtaining enough good seed of the desired species. This manual addresses the many facets of this problem in a practical way by starting from the processes of sexual reproduction in trees, typically both delayed and intermittent, except in relatively few species. The prospects for stimulating flower formation and for ...
On paths throughout the Finca we planted hundreds of Surinam Cherry/Pitanga shrubs (Eugenia uniflora), taking advantage of the sunlight and edges created by the paths. This delicious snack fruit produces fruit multiple times a year, so planting them on paths ensures that we know when they are fruiting.. Throughout all of our orchards, bananas and pigeon pea/gondul were planted. They were often planted as part of an establishment guild near 1st year fruit and nut trees to provide shade, mulch, wind protection and a yield of bananas and gonduls edible pea. Gondul is an excellent plant in an establishment guild: it fixes nitrogen, rapidly provides shade to protect tender 1st year fruit and nut trees, produces edible peas in about 8-9 months, and is extremely drought tolerant. While gondul shrubs/trees can live for many years, at the Finca they are generally blown over by wind after one or two years.. Finally, nitrogen-fixing trees were scattered in open spaces throughout the farm. Nitrogen-fixing ...
As a living, breathing being on this good earth, we tend to take things for granted. The ability to have offspring can be one of them. That is, until the day that a serious medical condition like cancer rears it ugly head and puts childbearing at risk. In addition to the sterilizing effect of cancer treatments, the mad rush to treat the disease often marginalizes efforts to preserve fertility. Fire all the canons and check for collateral damage later.. Fertility preservation seeks to protect men, adolescents and children from a common, serious and impactful side effect of cancer treatment: infertility. The goal of fertility restoration is to empower patients who are cured and potentially infertile to bear children. These related fields have burgeoned recently because medical care is now shifting from curing cancer to improving the quality of life among survivors. And without a doubt, for many, fertility is a key quality of life issue at some point. Thankfully, exciting new methods of restoring ...
Presented by M di-T Sambucus Canadensis.. Sambucus canadensis. S. humilis. S. glauca. S. nigra (Marsh). Elder-bush. N. O. Caprifoliace . Tincture of buds, flowers, tender shoots, and leaves.. Clinical.─Albuminuria. Angina pectoris. Asthma. Blotches. Larynx, dry. Lumbago.. Characteristics.─The indigenous North American Elder grows in rich alluvial soils, flowers in July, and fruits in September. The species, says Millspaugh, is not sufficiently distinct from the European Elder (Samb. nigra, Linn.), differing only in being less woody, and having more loose cymes, larger flowers, and more compound leaves. It has, however, been proved separately by A. Uebelacker, whose symptoms are given in the Schema. The severe chest symptoms and blotched face recall symptoms of Samb. nig., with which it is probably identical in action. The chief Conditions were: , Lying down. , Getting out of bed. , By sweat.. SYMPTOMS.. 1. Mind.─Depression and dread of undefined danger.. 2. Head.─Severe drawing in head ...
Florida Keys History and Distribution: Reported in 1907 by C.F. Millspaugh for the lower sandy Keys. Reported in 1913 by John Kunkel Small for hammocks, pinelands and sand dunes throughout the Florida Keys. We consider this native and extant throughout the Florida Keys ...
An intermediate approach between the two extremes discussed above can be obtained by using multivariate models where marker effects are allowed to be different but correlated across subpopulations. This approach has been considered in animal breeding applications involving multibreed analysis where it did not lead to a consistent improvement of prediction performance (Karoui et al. 2012; Olson et al. 2012; Makgahlela et al. 2013). However, less effort has been made to investigate the impact of population structure on estimation of marker effects in the context of genome-based prediction in plant breeding. While in animal breeding large clearly separated breeds exist, in plant breeding population structure can have very different forms and origins, including combined analysis of data from multiple, connected, breeding programs, diversity panels, and differently structured mating designs that lead to various forms of multiparental populations.. For genome-based prediction in multiple biparental ...
DArT is a cost effective and whole-genome genotyping tool. The technology is not dependent on having DNA sequence information, is expandable based on the users needs, and is high-throughput and low cost. DArT arrays have been developed now for groundnut, pearl millet, pigeonpea and sorghum, and are being routinely used.. DArT genotyping service can also be extended to any crop species provided user will bear the array development costs. ...
I am wondering how the removal of adaptor sequences will impact the transcriptome assembly. For example, in 10% of my reads contain adaptors which are not removed. If I try to assemble the transcriptome, will some of my unigene dataset contain adaptors? Besides, will the result be different if I use a genome-guided or de novo asssembly method?. ...
This article examines the driving forces behind farmers decisions to adopt improved pigeonpea and maize and estimates the causal impact of technology adoption on household welfare using data obtained from a random cross-section sample of 613 small-scale farmers in Tanzania. We use seemingly... ...
Subsistence farmers in the Sahel could protect their crops against grasshoppers by making sprays from locally-grown neem trees. Sprays made from ground neem seeds are effective in reducing the amount of damage done to cereal crops by grasshoppers. Indian scientists showed, as far back as 1962, that sprays made from neem were effective against locusts. But those sprays are made with techniques that are not available to villagers in the Sahel. So trials have recently been carried out in Niger to see if the same sort of protection could be achieved by simply grinding up neem seeds and spraying them on to crops. Field trials were carried out at the Sahelian Centre of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). Seeds collected from locally-grown neem trees were pulverised and shell added to water. Results showed that spray made in this way was not only as effective as the more refined neem sprays but also as effective as the commonly used chemical spray. The trial ...
Citation: Kottapalli, K., Burow, M., Burow, G.B., Burke, J.J., Puppala, N. 2007. Molecular characterization of the US peanut mini core collection using microsatellite markers. Crop Science. 47(4):1718-1727. Interpretive Summary: Peanut is the second-most important legume crop in the United States. A limitation to increased peanut productivity is that peanut improvement is hampered by relatively low genetic variability in the germplasm commonly used by breeding programs. To facilitate accessibility to diverse germplasm sources for breeding applications, a core subset of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) peanut germplasm was previously established that later on was refined to develop a mini core collection consisting of 112 accessions. In this study we determined the genetic diversity of the US peanut minicore collection at the molecular level using microsatellites or simple sequence repeat markers. Microsatellites are well known for their potentially high information content and ...
Fertility restoration after transplantation of frozen-thawed ovarian tissue is a major concern in reproductive medicine. To improve the process, many xenograft models have been used [5]. Indeed, establishing rapid perfusion of the transplant associated with a significant follicular preservation in a mouse model could be very useful in the clinic for human ovarian tissue autotransplantation. This study was undertaken to compare results obtained after ovarian tissue xenotransplantation in two different immunodeficient mice strains. Using a pre-clinical mouse model, we provide evidence that the morphological features of transplanted ovarian tissue could be impacted by the mouse strain. Our results indicate that graft perfusion and follicular preservation were better in ovarian fragments grafted in SCID mice.. The period before revascularization of frozen-thawed ovarian tissue grafts appears to be the main factor responsible for the ischemic damage that decreases the lifespan of the transplant ...
So if you grow potatoes in one area in one year, you would then follow the same area with legumes in Year 2 then brassicas in Year 3 and roots in Year 4. Whichever point you start at, you always follow the same direction of travel. If you do not grow potatoes, then you could replace this with members of the squash family for instance as they also like a rich recently manured fertile soil.. There is a great deal of conflicting advice regarding legumes. Legumes are able to fix their own nitrogen and one of the theories is that if you follow a legume crop with brassicas, the nitrogen is then available for the brassicas to take up. I have also read that this is not true and that you would have to dig the spent legume crop into the soil for the next crop to benefit from nitrogen release. Below are the main and most common vegetable families (in blue, relatively easy vegetables to grow to get you started). When designing a rotation, members of each family can be grouped in one area and with members of ...
As reference genome sequences are becoming available/undergoing for several crops, genotyping by sequencing (GBS) seems to be an option. Efforts are underway to offer GBS for Chickpea, Pigeonpea and Sorghum by using MiSeq. These efforts will be extended to other crops also. ...
Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is an important food legume and heat stress affects chickpea ontogeny over a range of environments. Generally, chickpea adapts to high temperatures through an escape mechanism. However, heat stress during reproductive development can cause significant yield loss. The most important effects on the reproductive phase that affect pod set, seed set and yield are: (1) flow ...
The project to produce ethanol from sweet sorghum undertaken by the International Crops Research for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and Rusni Distilleries, both of India had achieved a breakthrough in their first production of ethanol flowing out the distillery.. The production itself works a milestone in the partnership project. It has generated ethanol as biofuel. The stems of sorghum yield sweet juice that could be processed into bioethanol which could be added to gasoline. The production of ethanol does not compromise food security since the farmers can continue to use the grain for food.. The juice could also be made into syrup, wine and vinegar. The grains can be milled and made into a variety of delicacies. Whole grains can be fed and milled as ingredient in commercial feeds for livestock and poultry. This also serves an additional income to farmers who are looking for a crop that will grow well in drought prone areas.. Growing sweet sorghum has its distinct advantage over other crops ...
Sorghum caffrorum (Retz.) P. Beauv., Sorghum caudatum Stapf var. caudatum, Sorghum dochna (Forssk.) Snowden, incl. var. technicum (Körn.) Snowden, Sorghum durra (Forssk.) Stapf, Sorghum drummondii (Steud.) Millsp. & Chase, S. sudanense (Piper) Stapf, Sorghum bicolor var. drummondii (Steud.) Mohlenbr ...
0165] A further embodiment of the invention is a backcross conversion of wheat variety SJ909-369. A backcross conversion occurs when DNA sequences are introduced through traditional (non-transformation) breeding techniques, such as backcrossing. DNA sequences, whether naturally occurring or transgenes, may be introduced using these traditional breeding techniques. Desired traits transferred through this process include, but are not limited to nutritional enhancements, industrial enhancements, disease resistance or tolerance, insect resistance or tolerance, herbicide tolerance or resistance, agronomic enhancements, grain quality enhancement, waxy starch, breeding enhancements, seed production enhancements, and male sterility. Descriptions of some of the cytoplasmic male sterility genes, nuclear male sterility genes, chemical hybridizing agents, male fertility restoration genes, and methods of using the aforementioned are known. Examples of genes for other traits include: Leaf rust resistance ...
Won the best paper award for a paper based on Ph D work. Ballal, C. R. and Singh, S. P. (2001). Comparative studies on pheromone trap catches of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) in sunflower and pigeonpea ecosystems. pp. 177-179. In Biological Control - Contributed papers - Proceedings of Symposium on Biocontrol Based Pest Management for Quality Crop Protection in the Current Millennium (July 18-19, 2001) at PAU, Ludhiana (Eds. Darshan Singh, M. S. Mahal, A. S. Sohi, V. K. Dilawari, K. S. Brar and S. P. Singh), 224 pp ...
Abbe Mongein. See Uvedales St. Germain. Abondance. See Amour. Achan (Black Achan; Black Bess; Red Achan; Winter Beurre). Fruit medium sized, obovate, ...
ICARDA. 2014. Near-InfraRed Spectroscopy (NIRS) equation: ICARDA faba bean legume crop residue calibration model. Addis Ababa: ...
2011 Postdoctoral Fellowship in the field of Molecular Breeding Genetics at CSIRO in Australia Study Subject:Molecular Breeding Genetics Employer:CSIRO LevPostdoctoral Fellowship in Molecular Breeding Genetics at CSIRO, Australia -% College Degree %sitename%%
Another extremely important legume crop, the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris)is a warm-season crop native to South America but is now one of the most widely cultivated legumes in the world, thanks to its introduction into Europe and Africa by Spanish and Portuguese during the sixteenth century. The common bean remains the most important pulse crop in tropical Africa and America, especially in Brazil. Common beans are harvested in the podded stage (snap beans or string beans) or as shell beans ...
The objective of this research project was to further develop a software system called BESS (Biodegradation Evaluation and Simulation System), which can predict the biodegradability of a compound based on the structural features of that compound and the prevailing environmental conditions. The approach pursued in the development of BESS is based on the iterative use of plausible enzymatic transformations that are hierarchically organized based on knowledge of microbial physiology and ecology. This organization reduces the potentially large number of enzymatic transformations that could apply to a compound, making the approach computationally feasible. Further, only those enzymatic transformations that are most likely to provide anabolic intermediates or energy to microorganisms and thus have evolved through processes of natural selection are used. This further reduces the complexity. BESS employs a fundamentally different approach to the prediction of whether a given chemical will undergo ...
Where can I find on the Web a Monte-Carlo program for conformational analysis of small peptides or small molecules ? Thanks -- Philippe CHAVATTE philippe at icpl2.univ-lille2.fr Institut de Chimie Pharmaceutique BP 83 59006 LILLE CEDEX - FRANCE ...
Basil fusarium wilt is a seed-borne disease that can severely reduce basil yields. The biggest concern, however, is that the pathogen can persist in the soil for ten or more years preventing the future use of the land for basil production. The objective of this study was to develop organic control methods that would allow production in infested soil. Several organic mulches, a biocontrol product (Rootshield), and lime applications were examined on soil intentionally infested with fusarium. Basil plants mulched with a composted pine bark had the lowest incidence of fusarium wilt.
report on PLANT DISEASE RPD No. 650 February 1988 DEPARTMENT OF CROP SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN FUSARIUM WILT DISEASES OF HERBACEOUS ORNAMENTALS Fusarium wilts, or yellows, are
THE SOUTHERN Mindanao Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development Consorium (Smaarrdec) will expand the study in combating fusarium wilt outside the region.. Dr. Reynilo D. Garcia, deputy director of Smaarrdec, said the study, which started in April 2012, is among the flagship projects of the consortium, a body composed of 23 government agencies and state universities and colleges in the region.. "This is to determine how to control the spread of the disease in Cavendish bananas," Garcia told the reporters yesterday in an interview at the centers office in University of Southeastern Philippines (USEP).. The Department of Science and Technology (DOST), through the Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development (Pcaarrd), allocated P34 million for the conduct of the study, which ended in March.. Sheryl S. Bayang, former research assistant of DOST-Pcaarrd funded fusarium wilt program, said they are currently proposing additional ...
Reciprocal hybrids showing different phenotypes have been well documented in previous studies, and many factors accounting for different phenotypes have been extensively investigated. However, less is known about whether the profiles of small RNAs differ between reciprocal hybrids and how these small RNAs affect gene expression and phenotypes. To better understand this mechanism, the role of small RNAs on phenotypes in reciprocal hybrids was analysed. Reciprocal hybrids between Solanum lycopersicum cv. Micro-Tom and S. pimpinellifolium line WVa700 were generated. Significantly different phenotypes between the reciprocal hybrids were observed, including fruit shape index, single fruit weight and plant height. Then, through the high-throughput sequencing of small RNAs, we found that the expression levels of 76 known miRNAs were highly variable between the reciprocal hybrids. Subsequently, a total of 410 target genes were predicted to correspond with these differentially expressed miRNAs. Furthermore, gene
Our approach to sequencing the lentil genome is two-fold. First, we are generating a high quality draft genome for a single lentil genotype (CDC Redberry), including bulk sequencing, assembly of chromosomal pseudomolecules, and gene prediction and annotation. Secondly, we are re-sequencing various lentil accessions from around the globe to reveal the breath of genetic potential present in our germplasm resources. The outcome will give us i) an understanding of how modern breeding has re-shaped the lentil genome, ii) identification of genes and genomic interval that control agronomic traits, and iii) discovery of many genetic polymorphisms for future marker development, that together will add considerable resources to the breeders toolbox for lentil genetic improvement. More importantly, the results of this project will allow us to leverage knowledge of important trait based on conservation of genome-based features with other legume crops (such as Medicago and chickpea). ...
Scientific Name: Glycine max Common Names: Soybean, soya, tofu, miso, tempeh Overview An annual herb indigenous to East Asia, soy was domesticated more than 3,000 years ago for its pods and edible seeds. It is now the worlds most important legume crop and is grown in diverse climates. Foods.... ...
Scientific Name: Glycine max Common Names: Soybean, soya, tofu, miso, tempeh Overview An annual herb indigenous to East Asia, soy was domesticated more than 3,000 years ago for its pods and edible seeds. It is now the worlds most important legume crop and is grown in diverse climates. Foods.... ...
Symptoms - Sudden, inconsistent wilting on stems or over the whole plant. Look for green or olive-brown spots or blotches in the stem around the annual rings of the plant. These may appear as...
Collection of research of the international science leaders in the field Presents the latest research in the field of plant molecular breeding and
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We have utilised simple sequence repeat (SSR) polymorphism to analyse two sets of potential intra-specific hybrids of potato. Two primer pairs were used and both showed that one set of fusion products could not be true ...
KK Genetika dan bioteknologi molekuler bercita cita menghasilkan produk maupun teknologi yang dapat digunakan masyarakat dengan murah, mudah dan ramah lingkungan. Dengan diketuai oleh Dr. Sony Suhandono dan beranggotakan 6 dosen, penelitian di KK ini dibuat menjadi tiga tingkatan yaitu penelitian dasar dibidang biologi molekuler, terutama terkait dengan kloning gen dan karakterisasinya, pengendalian ekspresi gen, genomik, transkriptomik dan proteomik, penelitian dibidang konservasi dan biodiversitas genetik berbasis biologi molekuler, serta mengembangkan penelitian dasar yang mengintegrasika bioinformatika dan sistem biology.. Beberapa penelitian di KK ini meliputi keanekaragaman genetis atau molekuler dari sumberdaya tropis untuk bio-korosi, bio-mining, dan bioremediasi, kemudian perbaikan kualitas dari buah-buahan tropis, seperti misalnya durian unggul, dengan molecular breeding, studi pematangan pisang, dan penelitian terkait dengan penyakit di level molecular melalui perbanyakan vaksin, atau ...
KK Genetika dan bioteknologi molekuler bercita cita menghasilkan produk maupun teknologi yang dapat digunakan masyarakat dengan murah, mudah dan ramah lingkungan. Dengan diketuai oleh Dr. Sony Suhandono dan beranggotakan 6 dosen, penelitian di KK ini dibuat menjadi tiga tingkatan yaitu penelitian dasar dibidang biologi molekuler, terutama terkait dengan kloning gen dan karakterisasinya, pengendalian ekspresi gen, genomik, transkriptomik dan proteomik, penelitian dibidang konservasi dan biodiversitas genetik berbasis biologi molekuler, serta mengembangkan penelitian dasar yang mengintegrasika bioinformatika dan sistem biology.. Beberapa penelitian di KK ini meliputi keanekaragaman genetis atau molekuler dari sumberdaya tropis untuk bio-korosi, bio-mining, dan bioremediasi, kemudian perbaikan kualitas dari buah-buahan tropis, seperti misalnya durian unggul, dengan molecular breeding, studi pematangan pisang, dan penelitian terkait dengan penyakit di level molecular melalui perbanyakan vaksin, atau ...
Knowledge of the inheritance of disease resistance and genomic regions housing resistance (R) genes is essential to prevent expanding pathogen threats such as Fusarium wilt [Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (FOV) Atk. Sny & Hans] in cotton (Gossypium spp.). We conducted a comprehensive study combining conventional inheritance, genetic and quantitative trait loci (QTL) mapping, QTL marker-sequence composition, and genome sequencing to examine the distribution, structure and organization of disease R genes to race 1 of FOV in the cotton genome. Molecular markers were applied to F(2) and recombinant inbred line (RIL) interspecific mapping populations from the crosses Pima-S7 (G. barbadense L.) × Acala NemX (G. hirsutum L.) and Upland TM-1 (G. hirsutum) × Pima 3-79 (G. barbadense), respectively. Three greenhouse tests and one field test were used to obtain sequential estimates of severity index (DSI) of leaves, and vascular stem and root staining (VRS). A single resistance gene model was ...
Fusarium wilt disease is one of the major plant diseases that affect melon production. In this study a total of 23 landraces and breeding lines of melon were collected from different regions of Iran planted in a randomized complete block design with three replications and were studied to find new sources of resistant ones in the tray contained clay، pith mass and perlite in greenhouse. The root of seedlings after reaching at one to two true leaf stages were placed in a high inoculum concentrations of 1×106 spores per ml of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melon for 3-4 min and then، roots were wounded. Root samples from infected plants of all sensitive، semi-resistant and resistant genotypes were taken to examine biochemical changes for 8 days after 2 days of transplanting in 5 times and were kept in −80°C. The root of control plants dipped in tap water. The activity of peroxidase (POX، EC 1. 11. 1. 7)، polyphenol oxidase (PPO، EC 1. 14. 18. 1)، Catalase (CAT، EC 1. 11. 1. 6)، Superoxide dismutase
Fusarium wilt of carnation incited by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. dianthicauses serious problems wherever carnations are cultivated for several years in Greece. Soil fumigants and steaming constitute...
Our approach to sequencing the lentil genome is two-fold. First, we are generating a high quality draft genome for a single lentil genotype (CDC Redberry), including bulk sequencing, assembly of chromosomal pseudomolecules, and gene prediction and annotation. Secondly, we are re-sequencing various lentil accessions from around the globe to reveal the breath of genetic potential present in our germplasm resources. The outcome will give us i) an understanding of how modern breeding has re-shaped the lentil genome, ii) identification of genes and genomic interval that control agronomic traits, and iii) discovery of many genetic polymorphisms for future marker development, that together will add considerable resources to the breeders toolbox for lentil genetic improvement. More importantly, the results of this project will allow us to leverage knowledge of important trait based on conservation of genome-based features with other legume crops (such as Medicago and chickpea). ...
They are the little pieces of paper at the end of a self-made cigarette or a spliff. In the United States of America, they are called roach paper, in Jamaica, tailpaper. Smokers have no further use for them, so they dispose of them and move on...
JP Bessède (Président), Y Saban (Vice-Président), F Disant (Secrétaire Général), G Lamas (Trésorier), O Malard (Secrétaire aux Effectifs), JB Charrier (Secrétaire aux Relations avec les autres Sociétés Savantes), P Boudard (Secrétaire Scienti ...
JP Bessède (Président), Y Saban (Vice-Président), F Disant (Secrétaire Général), G Lamas (Trésorier), O Malard (Secrétaire aux Effectifs), JB Charrier (Secrétaire aux Relations avec les autres Sociétés Savantes), P Boudard (Secrétaire Scienti ...
JP Bessède (Président), Y Saban (Vice-Président), F Disant (Secrétaire Général), G Lamas (Trésorier), O Malard (Secrétaire aux Effectifs), JB Charrier (Secrétaire aux Relations avec les autres Sociétés Savantes), P Boudard (Secrétaire Scienti ...
JP Bessède (Président), Y Saban (Vice-Président), F Disant (Secrétaire Général), G Lamas (Trésorier), O Malard (Secrétaire aux Effectifs), JB Charrier (Secrétaire aux Relations avec les autres Sociétés Savantes), P Boudard (Secrétaire Scienti ...
Presented by M di-T Rhus Toxicodendron.. POISON OAK. N. O. Anacardiace . Tincture of fresh leaves gathered at sunset just before flowering time.. and. Rhus Radicans.. POISON IVY. N. O. Anacardiace . Tincture of fresh leaves gathered at sunset just before flowering time.. [Under the name Rhus Hahnemann published his proving of R. radicans, also called Toxicodendron. Botanists agree in recognising no distinction other than that of habit between the two. Millspaugh (American Medicinal Plants) tells in his masterly account of the plant that he has seen the two varieties springing from the same root-stock. He advises that the tincture should be made from specimens of both. Rhus tox. is a shrub with erect stem from two to four feet high. The stem is devoid of rootlets. Rhus r. has more or less tortuous stems, four to thirty feet high, profusely studded with dark-coloured rootlets, by which it clings to its support.─Our own Ivy (Hedera helix) in the same way may run along the ground, rooting at ...
Recent advances in genomics and associated disciplines like bioinformatics have made it possible to develop genomic resources, such as large-scale sequence data for any crop species. While these datasets have been proven very useful for the understanding of genome architecture and dynamics as well as facilitating the discovery of genes, an obligation for, and challenge to the scientific community is to translate genome information to develop products, i.e. superior lines for trait(s) of interest. We call this approach, "translational genomics in agriculture" (TGA). TGA is currently in practice for cereal crops, such as maize (Zea mays) and rice (Oryza sativa), mainly in developed countries and by the private sector; progress has been slow for legume crops. Grown globally on 62.8 million ha with a production of 53.2 million tons and a value of nearly 24.2 billion dollars, the majority of these legumes have low crop productivity ( ...
Do you want to know how dart betting odds work? ✚ Discover the 3 kinds of betting dart odds as a player ✔ Find out more information in this article!
Background: Timely detection of treatment failure with subsequent switch to second-line regimen reduces mortality among HIV infected people on antiretroviral therapy (ART). This paper aims to investigate the detection of immunological treatment failure and switch rate to second line regimen in Ethiopia. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted among HIV infected patients (age > 15 years) who initiated ART between 2007 and 2009. The required data were collected from patient registers and formats. Data were entered and validated using EpiData software and then exported to SPSS version 20.0 for analysis. Odds ratio with 95 % CI was used to assess whether immunological treatment failure was associated with experiencing unfavorable treatment outcomes (death or lost to follow up). Results: Records of 293 patients were reviewed with a total of 1545 Person-Years of Observation (PYO). The median baseline CD4 count was 115 cells/mm3 (IQR: 64-176). A total of 46 (15.7 %) patients experienced ...
Biocontrol of plant diseases through induction of systemic resistance is an environmental friendly substitute to chemicals in crop protection measures. Different biotic and abiotic elicitors can trigger the plant for induced resistance. Present study was designed to explore the potential of Pseudomonas aeruginosa PM12 in inducing systemic resistance in tomato against Fusarium wilt. Initially the bioactive compound, responsible for ISR, was separated and identified from extracellular filtrate of P. aeruginosa PM12. After that purification and characterization of the bacterial crude extracts was carried out through a series of organic solvents. The fractions exhibiting ISR activity were further divided into sub-fractions through column chromatography. Sub fraction showing maximum ISR activity was subjected to Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GCMS) for the identification of compounds. Analytical result showed three compounds in the ISR active sub-fraction viz: 3-hydroxy-5-methoxy benzene methanol (HMB
Abstract: Etiology of a Mosaic Disease of Radish and Lettuce and Sequencing of the Coat Protein Gene of the Causal Agent in Saudi Arabia
Once the palm is affected by this disease, there is no cure. Currently, there is no method for preventing this disease, either. Based on observations in Florida, the pathogen appears to be spread primarily by airborne spores (conidia) moved by wind, and possibly birds or insects.. Once the disease is established in a landscape or nursery, it is thought that the disease may be transmitted from palm to palm via leaf-pruning equipment. The fungal pathogen is located in the vascular tissue of the leaf. Equipment used to remove leaves from an infected queen palm or Mexican fan palm (chain saw, lopper, pruning shear, hand saw, etc.) will have fungus-infested leaf material (wood dust, plant sap) remaining on the blades. If equipment is not cleaned and disinfected, the next queen palm or Mexican fan palm pruned by this equipment will be exposed to fungus-infested leaf material. It is important to note that a palm could be infected but appear healthy (symptomless) because the disease has not developed to ...
That is the opening sentence of an article called "Trawling in the Collective Subconscious at Chinquapin" by the great Houston newspaper columnist Sigman Byrd. It was published on Sunday, March 11, 1956 in the Houston Chronicle. Byrd is one of the very few writers who actually went out and visited Bess in his shack on East Matagorda Bay and wrote about it. (I went to the microfilm library at the University of Houston to read this column as research for an article chronicling a trip to East Matagorda Bay in search of Besss home.) I greatly admire both Bess and Byrd and was delighted when I learned they had met. That opening sentence, so unlike a good, solid J-school-approved opener, shows why Byrd is such a great writer. He throws us right into the middle of his story with no explanation; he uses an unusual word "shipshape" which happens to describe Bess studio (which apparently had a concrete "prow"); he mixes tequila and coffee in a family newspaper. (Literally a family newspaper--that was ...
Hi, this me again, i post my problem which you can check ne link below http://www.empowher.com/community/ask/do-potassium-help-bowel-movment The problem my stomach get full of gas front of pep

KK1 008706 - Putative WRKY transcription factor 75 - Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) - KK1 008706 gene & proteinKK1 008706 - Putative WRKY transcription factor 75 - Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) - KK1 008706 gene & protein

Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) (Cajanus indicus)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,A0A151TR15,A0A151TR15_CAJCA Putative WRKY transcription factor 75 OS=Cajanus cajan OX=3821 GN=KK1_008706 PE=4 SV=1 ...
more infohttps://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/A0A151TR15

Genetic transformation of pigeon pea (cajanus cajan [L.] Millsp) varieties adapted to Eastern and Southern AfricaGenetic transformation of pigeon pea (cajanus cajan [L.] Millsp) varieties adapted to Eastern and Southern Africa

Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) is an important grain legume. It is Kenyas third most important legume after common ... Genetic transformation of pigeon pea (cajanus cajan [L.] Millsp) varieties adapted to Eastern and Southern Africa. ...
more infohttp://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/507

Influência de fatores antinutricionais da leucena (Leucaena leucocephala e Leucaena cunningan) e do feijão guandu (Cajanus...Influência de fatores antinutricionais da leucena (Leucaena leucocephala e Leucaena cunningan) e do feijão guandu (Cajanus...

Influência de fatores antinutricionais da leucena (Leucaena leucocephala e Leucaena cunningan) e do feijão guandu (Cajanus ... Influência de fatores antinutricionais da leucena (Leucaena leucocephala e Leucaena cunningan) e do feijão guandu (Cajanus ... Influence of antinutritional factors of leucaena (Leucaena leucocephala and Leucaena cunningan) and pigeous bean (Cajanus cajan ... Cajanus cajan - 20% [CC]), quatro repetições e 30 aves por unidade experimental. Houve redução de ganho de peso e aumento da ...
more infohttps://repositorio.unesp.br/handle/11449/30658

EVALUATION OF MEDIUM DURATION PIGEONPEA (Cajanus Cajan) GENOTYPES FOR FRESH VEGETABLE PRODUCTION AND ACCEPTABILITY IN EASTERN...EVALUATION OF MEDIUM DURATION PIGEONPEA (Cajanus Cajan) GENOTYPES FOR FRESH VEGETABLE PRODUCTION AND ACCEPTABILITY IN EASTERN...

EVALUATION OF MEDIUM DURATION PIGEONPEA (Cajanus Cajan) GENOTYPES FOR FRESH VEGETABLE PRODUCTION AND ACCEPTABILITY IN EASTERN ... Evaluation of medium duration pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) genotypes for fresh vegetable production and acceptablity in eastern ...
more infohttp://plantscience.uonbi.ac.ke/node/2948

UniProt: A0A151R9I9 CAJCAUniProt: A0A151R9I9 CAJCA

Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) (Cajanus indicus). OC Eukaryota; Viridiplantae; Streptophyta; Embryophyta; Tracheophyta; OC ... Cajanus cajan), an orphan legume RT crop of resource-poor farmers."; RL Nat. Biotechnol. 30:83-89(2012). CC ... Cajanus. OX NCBI_TaxID=3821 {ECO:0000313,EMBL:KYP39025.1, ECO:0000313,Proteomes:UP000075243}; RN [1] {ECO:0000313,EMBL: ...
more infohttp://www.genome.jp/dbget-bin/www_bget?uniprot:A0A151R9I9_CAJCA

Association of nad7a Gene with Cytoplasmic Male Sterility in PigeonpeaAssociation of nad7a Gene with Cytoplasmic Male Sterility in Pigeonpea

Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) has been exploited in the commercial pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] hybrid breeding ...
more infohttps://repo.mel.cgiar.org/handle/20.500.11766/7369

Tropicos | Name - !Cajanus cajan (L.) HuthTropicos | Name - !Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth

Cajanus indicus var. flavus (DC.) Kuntze * Maesen, L. J. G. v. d. 1986. Cajanus DC. and Atylosia W. & A. (Leguminosae). Agric. ... Cajanus cajan var. bicolor (DC.) Purseglove * Maesen, L. J. G. v. d. 1986. Cajanus DC. and Atylosia W. & A. (Leguminosae). ... Cajanus luteus Bello * Maesen, L. J. G. v. d. 1986. Cajanus DC. and Atylosia W. & A. (Leguminosae). Agric. Univ. Wageningen Pap ... Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. * Martínez-Bernal, A., R. Duno de Stefano & L. Lorena Can. 2011. Los géneros Cajanus y Rhynchosia ( ...
more infohttp://www.tropicos.org/Name/13046795?tab=synonyms

Cajanus - WikipediaCajanus - Wikipedia

Cajanus cinereus Cajanus confertiflorus Cajanus crassicaulis Cajanus crassus Cajanus elongatus Cajanus goensis Cajanus ... Cajanus kerstingii Cajanus lanceolatus Cajanus lanuginosus Cajanus latisepalus Cajanus mareebensis Cajanus marmoratus Cajanus ... mollis Cajanus platycarpus Cajanus pubescens Cajanus reticulatus Cajanus scarabaeoides Cajanus sericeus Cajanus viscidus Maesen ... Species include: Cajanus acutifolius Cajanus albicans Cajanus aromaticus Cajanus cajan - pigeon pea, Congo-pea ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cajanus

Cajanus scarabaeoides - WikipediaCajanus scarabaeoides - Wikipedia

Cajanus scarabaeoides is a flowering plant in the genus Cajanus Of the 32 different species within the genus Cajanus, only one ... Cajanus scarabaeoides is a very close wild relative species of Cajanus cajan (common name, pigeonpea). It is a dicot angiosperm ... Romeis, J.; Shanower, T.G.; Peter, A.J. (March 1999). "Trichomes on Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] and two wild Cajanus ... Cajanus scarabaeoides is the closest wild relative to C. cajan, and is one of the easiest wild species to cross with pigeonpea ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cajanus_scarabaeoides

Draft genome sequence of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan), an orphan legume crop of resource-poor farmers.  - PubMed - NCBIDraft genome sequence of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan), an orphan legume crop of resource-poor farmers. - PubMed - NCBI

Draft genome sequence of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan), an orphan legume crop of resource-poor farmers.. Varshney RK1, Chen W, Li Y ...
more infohttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22057054

KK1 005709 - Dehydration-responsive element-binding protein 2C - Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) - KK1 005709 gene & proteinKK1 005709 - Dehydration-responsive element-binding protein 2C - Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) - KK1 005709 gene & protein

Cajanus cajan (Pigeon pea) (Cajanus indicus)Imported. Automatic assertion inferred from database entriesi ... tr,A0A151U1A1,A0A151U1A1_CAJCA Dehydration-responsive element-binding protein 2C OS=Cajanus cajan OX=3821 GN=KK1_005709 PE=4 SV ...
more infohttps://www.uniprot.org/uniprot/A0A151U1A1

Molecules | Free Full-Text | Antioxidant Activities of Extracts and Main Components of Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]...Molecules | Free Full-Text | Antioxidant Activities of Extracts and Main Components of Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]...

Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] leaves, as well as petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and water fractions and the four main ... Keywords: Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.; Antioxidant activities; DPPH; β-Carotene Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.; Antioxidant ... Antioxidant Activities of Extracts and Main Components of Pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] Leaves. Nan Wu 1,†, Kuang Fu 2 ... Antioxidant activities of the aqueous and ethanol extracts of pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] leaves, as well as ...
more infohttp://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/14/3/1032

Seedling emergence of chickpea ( Cicer arietinum L.), pigeonpea ( Cajanus cajan L.) and pearl millet ( Pennisetum typhoides L.)...Seedling emergence of chickpea ( Cicer arietinum L.), pigeonpea ( Cajanus cajan L.) and pearl millet ( Pennisetum typhoides L.)...

Cajanus cajan L. Cicer arietinum L. Pennisetum typhoides L. raindrop size seedling emergence soil crusting sowing depth ... Seedling emergence of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.) and pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoides L.) ... Cajanus cajan L.) and pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoides L.) were investigated. Three drop diameters: 2.75, 1.65 and 0.93 mm ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02372540

Antihyperglycemic effects of Cajanus cajan L. (pigeon pea) ethanolic extract on the blood glucose levels of ICR mice (Mus...Antihyperglycemic effects of Cajanus cajan L. (pigeon pea) ethanolic extract on the blood glucose levels of ICR mice (Mus...

Antihyperglycemic effects of Cajanus cajan L. (pigeon pea) ethanolic extract on the blood glucose levels of ICR mice (Mus ... Cajanus cajan, also known as pigeon pea or "kadyos" (Filipino) is a local legume plant that has been used traditionally as ... Antihyperglycemic effects of Cajanus cajan L. (pigeon pea) ethanolic extract on the blood glucose levels of ICR mice (Mus ... Antihyperglycemic effects of Cajanus cajan L. (pigeon pea) ethanolic extract on the blood glucose levels of ICR mice (Mus ...
more infohttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Antihyperglycemic+effects+of+Cajanus+cajan+L.+

Frontiers | Evaluation and identification of promising introgression lines derived from wild Cajanus species for broadening the...Frontiers | Evaluation and identification of promising introgression lines derived from wild Cajanus species for broadening the...

Equipped with many useful genes including biotic and abiotic stress resistance, wild Cajanus species provide novel genetic ... Equipped with many useful genes including biotic and abiotic stress resistance, wild Cajanus species provide novel genetic ... Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.), a multi-purpose and nutritious grain legume crop, is cultivated for its protein-rich seeds mainly ... Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.), a multi-purpose and nutritious grain legume crop, is cultivated for its protein-rich seeds mainly ...
more infohttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpls.2019.01269/abstract

Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seeds | FeedipediaPigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seeds | Feedipedia

Cajanus bicolor DC., Cajanus flavus DC., Cajanus indicus Spreng., Cytisus cajan L. ... Effect of cooked pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seed meal on the performance of broiler chicks. J. Agric. Social Res., 3 (1): 1-12 ... Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seeds. Datasheet. Description. Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ... Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) for livestock feed on small-scale farms. ILRI Forage Factsheet ...
more infohttps://feedipedia.org/node/329

Cajanus cajan - pigeonpea | LIS - Legume Information SystemCajanus cajan - pigeonpea | LIS - Legume Information System

Genetic data available at LegumeInfo for Cajanus cajan. GBrowse genome browser, Cc1.0. JBrowse genome browser, Cc1.0. Gene ...
more infohttps://legumeinfo.org/organism/Cajanus/cajan

Nitrogen and phosphorus requirements for the growth and nodulation of Cajanus cajan in Panamanian soilsNitrogen and phosphorus requirements for the growth and nodulation of Cajanus cajan in Panamanian soils

CAJANUS CAJAN; NUTRIENT TRANSPORT; NITROGEN; PHOSPHORUS; ROOT NODULATION; GROWTH; SOIL FERTILITY; NITRÓGENO; FÓSFORO; ... The lack of response of Cajanus cajan to P in the Río Hato soil was attributed to the high incidence (55 percent) of VA ... Nitrogen and phosphorus requirements for the growth and nodulation of Cajanus cajan in Panamanian soils. ... Inoculation of Cajanus cajan with both Rhizobium and Glomus may be important in low-fertility soils. ...
more infohttps://cgspace.cgiar.org/handle/10568/82226

Improved Insulin Resistance through Cajanus cajan extract in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus of Wistar Rat | Bentham ScienceImproved Insulin Resistance through Cajanus cajan extract in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus of Wistar Rat | Bentham Science

Improved Insulin Resistance through Cajanus cajan extract in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus of Wistar Rat. (E-pub Ahead of Print ... The results have drawn a discussion that the ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of the Cajanus cajan leaves might contain a ... Conclusions: Cajanus cajan leaf extract suppresses the oxidative stress and insulin resistance, therefore, improves the blood ... The results have drawn a discussion that the ethyl acetate and methanol extracts of the Cajanus cajan leaves might contain a ...
more infohttp://www.eurekaselect.com/169435

A novel source of CMS in pigeonpea derived from Cajanus reticulatus  - OAR@ICRISATA novel source of CMS in pigeonpea derived from Cajanus reticulatus - [email protected]

Saxena, K B (2013) A novel source of CMS in pigeonpea derived from Cajanus reticulatus. Indian Journal of Genetics and Plant ... grandifolius, a wild relative of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.). The plants of this male-sterility system do not ... The present study reports the development of a new CMSsource (A8) with cytoplasm derived from Cajanus reticulatus (Dryander) F ...
more infohttp://oar.icrisat.org/7055/

In vitro regeneration of two varieties of pigeon pea (cajanus cajan) grown in KenyaIn vitro regeneration of two varieties of pigeon pea (cajanus cajan) grown in Kenya

Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L) Millsp.) is an important multipurpose grain legume that is a good source of protein for ... Therefore the aim of this study was to develop a protocol for in vitro regeneration of two pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) varieties ... In vitro regeneration of two varieties of pigeon pea (cajanus cajan) grown in Kenya. ...
more infohttp://erepository.uonbi.ac.ke:8080/xmlui/handle/11295/76407

Identification and Validation of Expressed Sequence Tags from Pigeonpea Cajanus cajan L. Root - pdf descargarIdentification and Validation of Expressed Sequence Tags from Pigeonpea Cajanus cajan L. Root - pdf descargar

Identification and Validation of Expressed Sequence Tags from Pigeonpea Cajanus cajan L. Root. . Biblioteca virtual para leer y ... Pigeonpea Cajanus cajan L Millsp. is an important food legume crop of rain fed agriculture in the arid and semiarid tropics of ... Identification and Validation of Expressed Sequence Tags from Pigeonpea Cajanus cajan L. Root - Descarga este documento en PDF ... Identification and Validation of Expressed Sequence Tags from Pigeonpea Cajanus cajan L. Root. ...
more infohttp://libros.duhnnae.com/2017/jul6/150031108871-Identification-and-Validation-of-Expressed-Sequence-Tags-from-Pigeonpea-Cajanus-cajan-L-Root.php

A review article on health benefits of Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) - eSciPub JournalsA review article on health benefits of Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) - eSciPub Journals

Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp) Rabia Syed1 and Ying Wu2 1PhD candidate. Graduate Research Assistant. ... Hypoglycemic activity of Cajanus cajan (seeds) in mice. Indian J Exp Biol. 36(10), 1032-3.. 7. Anson NM, Hemery YM, Bast A and ... Germinated Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan): a novel diet for lowering oxidative stress and hyperglycemia. Food Sci Nutr., 4(5), 772- ... A review article on health benefits of Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp). Rabia Syed1 and Ying Wu2 ...
more infohttps://escipub.com/ijfnr-2018-09-0301/

Phytochemical and anti-drepanocytosis studies of Cajanus cajan, Callistemon viminalis, Melaleuca bracteata var. Revolution Gold...Phytochemical and anti-drepanocytosis studies of Cajanus cajan, Callistemon viminalis, Melaleuca bracteata var. Revolution Gold...

Cajanus cajan, Callistemon viminalis, Melaleuca bracteata var. Revolution Gold and Syzygium guineense (from DRC and South ... These included crude hexane and methanol extracts of Cajanus cajan; crude dichloromethane extract of Callistemon viminalis; ... Phytochemical and anti-drepanocytosis studies of Cajanus cajan, Callistemon viminalis, Melaleuca bracteata var. Revolution Gold ... Cajanus cajan showed the presence of fatty acids, one of them was characterized as an unsaturated fatty acid (I). Callistemon ...
more infohttp://researchspace.ukzn.ac.za/handle/10413/8113
  • Aims and Objectives: Aims and objectives are to evaluate the effects of ethanolic extracts of Cajanus cajan (CCEE) leaves on its antihyperglycemic effects on BGL of normoglycemic mice. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • When the model was established accurately then the intervention group was administered orally with the extracts of leaves of Cajanus cajan chloroform extract (270mg/kg), Methanol extract (270mg/kg) and Ethyl acetate extract (270mg/kg). (eurekaselect.com)
  • Treating with (Chloroform extract, Methanol extract, Ethyl acetate extract (270mg/kg) different extracts of Cajanus cajan leaf in the intervention groups the lipid levels of the intervention group significantly increased in case of the Methanolic extract whereas the other extracts were also effective. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Cajanus CajansandDolichos lab-lablegume starches from Argentine cultivars were investigated under atechnological and nutritional point of view. (uva.es)
  • The present study reports the development of a new CMSsource (A8) with cytoplasm derived from Cajanus reticulatus (Dryander) F. V. Muell var. (icrisat.org)
  • Chemical analysis and missing element trials with Sorghum vulgare L. showed that three Panamanian soils, representative of three great soil groups, were deficient in both nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P). When a greenhouse trial was undertaken to test the response of Cajanus cajan to rhizobial inoculation, N and P fertilization in these soils, no response was obtained in either the Río Hato or Los Santos soils. (cgiar.org)
  • C = diet containing Leucaena cunningan - 6% [LC] and D = diet containing Pigeous bean - Cajanus cajan - 20% [CC]), four replicates and 30 broiler chicks per experimental unit. (unesp.br)
  • The present study was designed to investigate the antiulcer potential of ethanolic leaves extract of Cajanus cajan . (biomedjournal.com)
  • 2010). A new natural coumarin cajanus lactone has been isolated from the leaves of C. cajan which is a potential antibacterial agent against Gram-positive micro-organisms (Luo et al. (biomedjournal.com)
  • Conclusions: Cajanus cajan leaf extract suppresses the oxidative stress and insulin resistance, therefore, improves the blood glucose levels in GDM rats. (eurekaselect.com)
  • The conformational changes accompanying thermal denaturation under neutral, acidic and reducing conditions of Cajanus cajan proteinase inhibitor were investigated using near- and far-ultraviolet circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. (naver.com)
  • The lack of response of Cajanus cajan to P in the Río Hato soil was attributed to the high incidence (55 percent) of VA mycorrhizal infection. (cgiar.org)