Caesalpinia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The common name of "Bird-Of-Paradise" is also used for other plants such as Heliconia (HELICONIACEAE) and Strelitzia (STRELITZIACEAE) and some birds. The common name of "Cat's-Claw" is more often used with UNCARIA. The common name of "Pernambuco" also refers to a state in Brazil. Furanoditerpenoid lactones and caesalpin are produced by members of this genus.Plant Bark: The outer layer of the woody parts of plants.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Bauhinia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain isoacteoside, luteolin, indole-3-carboxylic acid.Diterpenes: Twenty-carbon compounds derived from MEVALONIC ACID or deoxyxylulose phosphate.Myanmar: A republic of southeast Asia, northwest of Thailand, long familiar as Burma. Its capital is Yangon, formerly Rangoon. Inhabited by people of Mongolian stock and probably of Tibetan origin, by the 3d century A.D. it was settled by Hindus. The modern Burmese state was founded in the 18th century but was in conflict with the British during the 19th century. Made a crown colony of Great Britain in 1937, it was granted independence in 1947. In 1989 it became Myanmar. The name comes from myanma, meaning the strong, as applied to the Burmese people themselves. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p192 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p367)Plant Structures: The parts of plants, including SEEDS.Gleditsia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that contains gleditsiosides (triterpenoid SAPONINS).Laburnum: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE named after the drooping clusters of flowers.Trifolium: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE.Arachis hypogaea: A plant species of the family FABACEAE that yields edible seeds, the familiar peanuts, which contain protein, oil and lectins.Vaccinium: A plant genus of the family ERICACEAE known for species with edible fruits.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Barbados: An island in the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies. It is chiefly of coral formation with no good harbors and only small streams. It was probably discovered by the Portuguese in the sixteenth century. The name was given by 16th-century Spanish explorers from barbados, the plural for "bearded", with reference to the beard-like leaves or trails of moss on the trees that grew there in abundance. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p116 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p49)West Indies: Islands lying between southeastern North America and northern South America, enclosing the Caribbean Sea. They comprise the Greater Antilles (CUBA; DOMINICAN REPUBLIC; HAITI; JAMAICA; and PUERTO RICO), the Lesser Antilles (ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA and the other Leeward Islands, BARBADOS; MARTINIQUE and the other Windward Islands, NETHERLANDS ANTILLES; VIRGIN ISLANDS OF THE UNITED STATES, BRITISH VIRGINI ISLANDS, and the islands north of Venezuela which include TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO), and the BAHAMAS. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1330)Martinique: An island in the Lesser Antilles, one of the Windward Islands. Its capital is Fort-de-France. It was discovered by Columbus in 1502 and from its settlement in 1635 by the French it passed into and out of Dutch and British hands. It was made a French overseas department in 1946. One account of the name tells of native women on the shore calling "Madinina" as Columbus approached the island. The meaning was never discovered but was entered on early charts as Martinique, influenced by the name of St. Martin. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p734 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p339)Euphorbia: A large plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE, order Euphorbiales, subclass Rosidae. They have a milky sap and a female flower consisting of a single pistil, surrounded by numerous male flowers of one stamen each. Euphorbia hirta is rarely called milkweed but that name is normally used for ASCLEPIAS.Guadeloupe: The name of two islands of the West Indies, separated by a narrow channel. Their capital is Basse-Terre. They were discovered by Columbus in 1493, occupied by the French in 1635, held by the British at various times between 1759 and 1813, transferred to Sweden in 1813, and restored to France in 1816. Its status was changed from colony to a French overseas department in 1946. Columbus named it in honor of the monastery of Santa Maria de Guadalupe in Spain. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p470 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p221)Metschnikowia: A genus of ascomycetous yeast in the family Metschnikowiaceae, order SACCHAROMYCETALES. Its antifungal activity is used to inhibit postharvest decay of fruit.Thioacetamide: A crystalline compound used as a laboratory reagent in place of HYDROGEN SULFIDE. It is a potent hepatocarcinogen.Vitex: A genus of trees in the Lamiaceae family containing assorted flavonoids with possible analgesic and antineoplastic properties. The fruit of these trees is used in herbal preparations.Liver Cirrhosis, Experimental: Experimentally induced chronic injuries to the parenchymal cells in the liver to achieve a model for LIVER CIRRHOSIS.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Gastroenterology: A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the physiology and diseases of the digestive system and related structures (esophagus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas).Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Antidiarrheals: Miscellaneous agents found useful in the symptomatic treatment of diarrhea. They have no effect on the agent(s) that cause diarrhea, but merely alleviate the condition.Castor Oil: Oil obtained from seeds of Ricinus communis that is used as a cathartic and as a plasticizer.Loperamide: One of the long-acting synthetic ANTIDIARRHEALS; it is not significantly absorbed from the gut, and has no effect on the adrenergic system or central nervous system, but may antagonize histamine and interfere with acetylcholine release locally.Symbiosis: The relationship between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other or a relationship between different species where both of the organisms in question benefit from the presence of the other.Nitrogen Fixation: The process in certain BACTERIA; FUNGI; and CYANOBACTERIA converting free atmospheric NITROGEN to biologically usable forms of nitrogen, such as AMMONIA; NITRATES; and amino compounds.Tropical Climate: A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Plant Leaves: Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Antipyretics: Drugs that are used to reduce body temperature in fever.Carbon Tetrachloride: A solvent for oils, fats, lacquers, varnishes, rubber waxes, and resins, and a starting material in the manufacturing of organic compounds. Poisoning by inhalation, ingestion or skin absorption is possible and may be fatal. (Merck Index, 11th ed)Drug-Induced Liver Injury: A spectrum of clinical liver diseases ranging from mild biochemical abnormalities to ACUTE LIVER FAILURE, caused by drugs, drug metabolites, and chemicals from the environment.Carbon Tetrachloride PoisoningSilymarin: A mixture of flavonoids extracted from seeds of the MILK THISTLE, Silybum marianum. It consists primarily of silybin and its isomers, silicristin and silidianin. Silymarin displays antioxidant and membrane stabilizing activity. It protects various tissues and organs against chemical injury, and shows potential as an antihepatoxic agent.Aphrodisiacs: Chemical agents or odors that stimulate sexual desires. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Sexual Behavior, Animal: Sexual activities of animals.Rats, Wistar: A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.Tannins: Polyphenolic compounds with molecular weights of around 500-3000 daltons and containing enough hydroxyl groups (1-2 per 100 MW) for effective cross linking of other compounds (ASTRINGENTS). The two main types are HYDROLYZABLE TANNINS and CONDENSED TANNINS. Historically, the term has applied to many compounds and plant extracts able to render skin COLLAGEN impervious to degradation. The word tannin derives from the Celtic word for OAK TREE which was used for leather processing.United States Department of Agriculture: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with improving and maintaining farm income and developing and expanding markets for agricultural products. Through inspection and grading services it safeguards and insures standards of quality in food supply and production.Agriculture: The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.Information Services: Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Computer Communication Networks: A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Information Systems: Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.Health Information Systems: A system for the collection and/or processing of data from various sources, and using the information for policy making and management of health services. It could be paper-based or electronic. (From http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTHEALTHNUTRITIONANDPOPULATION/EXTHSD/0,,contentMDK:22239824~menuPK:376799~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~theSitePK:376793,00.html. http://www.who.int/healthinfo/systems/en/)Systems Integration: The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Societies, Pharmaceutical: Societies whose membership is limited to pharmacists.Education, Pharmacy, Graduate: Educational programs for pharmacists who have a bachelor's degree or a Doctor of Pharmacy degree entering a specific field of pharmacy. They may lead to an advanced degree.Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Technology, Pharmaceutical: The application of scientific knowledge or technology to pharmacy and the pharmaceutical industry. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation in the manufacture, preparation, compounding, dispensing, packaging, and storing of drugs and other preparations used in diagnostic and determinative procedures, and in the treatment of patients.Students, Pharmacy: Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.Forestry: The science of developing, caring for, or cultivating forests.Sri LankaTrees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.Conservation of Natural Resources: The protection, preservation, restoration, and rational use of all resources in the total environment.Semliki forest virus: A species of ALPHAVIRUS isolated in central, eastern, and southern Africa.Ecosystem: A functional system which includes the organisms of a natural community together with their environment. (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Manufactured Materials: Substances and materials manufactured for use in various technologies and industries and for domestic use.Facility Regulation and Control: Formal voluntary or governmental procedures and standards required of hospitals and health or other facilities to improve operating efficiency, and for the protection of the consumer.Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)United States Food and Drug Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to maintaining standards of quality of foods, drugs, therapeutic devices, etc.Investigational New Drug Application: An application that must be submitted to a regulatory agency (the FDA in the United States) before a drug can be studied in humans. This application includes results of previous experiments; how, where, and by whom the new studies will be conducted; the chemical structure of the compound; how it is thought to work in the body; any toxic effects found in animal studies; and how the compound is manufactured. (From the "New Medicines in Development" Series produced by the Pharmaceutical Manufacturers Association and published irregularly.)Quality Control: A system for verifying and maintaining a desired level of quality in a product or process by careful planning, use of proper equipment, continued inspection, and corrective action as required. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Moringa oleifera: A plant species of the family Moringaceae, order Capparales, subclass Dilleniidae. It is a source of niaziminin and hypotensive thiocarbamate glycosides.Garcinia mangostana: A plant genus of the family CLUSIACEAE. It is the source of the mangosteen fruit.Sapindus: A plant genus of the family SAPINDACEAE that contain SAPONINS.Acacia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. The gums and tanning agents obtained from Acacia are called GUM ARABIC. The common name of catechu is more often used for Areca catechu (ARECA).Plantibodies: Recombinant antibodies produced in TRANSGENIC PLANTS. The plants serve as BIOREACTORS to produce the antibodies for medical use or industrial processes.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Moringa: A plant genus of the family Moringaceae, order Capparales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida.Lettuce: Any of the various plants of the genus Lactuca, especially L. sativa, cultivated for its edible leaves. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)Tiopronin: Sulfhydryl acylated derivative of GLYCINE.Visual Prosthesis: Artificial device such as an externally-worn camera attached to a stimulator on the RETINA, OPTIC NERVE, or VISUAL CORTEX, intended to restore or amplify vision.Ethnobotany: The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.Search Engine: Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Protein Kinase C: An serine-threonine protein kinase that requires the presence of physiological concentrations of CALCIUM and membrane PHOSPHOLIPIDS. The additional presence of DIACYLGLYCEROLS markedly increases its sensitivity to both calcium and phospholipids. The sensitivity of the enzyme can also be increased by PHORBOL ESTERS and it is believed that protein kinase C is the receptor protein of tumor-promoting phorbol esters.Muscle, Smooth, Vascular: The nonstriated involuntary muscle tissue of blood vessels.Myocytes, Smooth Muscle: Non-striated, elongated, spindle-shaped cells found lining the digestive tract, uterus, and blood vessels. They are derived from specialized myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SMOOTH MUSCLE).Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Tocopherols: A collective name for a group of closely related lipids that contain substitutions on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus and a long hydrocarbon chain of isoprenoid units. They are antioxidants by virtue of the phenolic hydrogen. Tocopherols react with the most reactive form of oxygen and protect unsaturated fatty acids from oxidation.Muscle, Smooth: Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)LondonAluminum Silicates: Any of the numerous types of clay which contain varying proportions of Al2O3 and SiO2. They are made synthetically by heating aluminum fluoride at 1000-2000 degrees C with silica and water vapor. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Bentonite: A colloidal, hydrated aluminum silicate that swells 12 times its dry size when added to water.New HampshireClimatotherapy: Relocating a patient to a CLIMATE more suitable for health or for management of a health condition.Indonesia: A republic stretching from the Indian Ocean east to New Guinea, comprising six main islands: Java, Sumatra, Bali, Kalimantan (the Indonesian portion of the island of Borneo), Sulawesi (formerly known as the Celebes) and Irian Jaya (the western part of New Guinea). Its capital is Djakarta. The ethnic groups living there are largely Chinese, Arab, Eurasian, Indian, and Pakistani; 85% of the peoples are of the Islamic faith.Cacao: A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.Phycobiliproteins: Light harvesting proteins found in phycobilisomes.Butylene Glycols: 4-carbon straight chain aliphatic hydrocarbons substituted with two hydroxyl groups. The hydroxyl groups cannot be on the same carbon atom.Titanium: A dark-gray, metallic element of widespread distribution but occurring in small amounts; atomic number, 22; atomic weight, 47.90; symbol, Ti; specific gravity, 4.5; used for fixation of fractures. (Dorland, 28th ed)Sorbic Acid: Mold and yeast inhibitor. Used as a fungistatic agent for foods, especially cheeses.Zinc Oxide: A mild astringent and topical protectant with some antiseptic action. It is also used in bandages, pastes, ointments, dental cements, and as a sunblock.

In vitro antiviral activities of Caesalpinia pulcherrima and its related flavonoids. (1/44)

The aim of this study was to search for new antiviral agents from Chinese herbal medicine. Pure flavonoids and aqueous extracts of Caesalpinia pulcherrima Swartz were used in experiments to test their influence on a series of viruses, namely herpesviruses (HSV-1, HSV-2) and adenoviruses (ADV-3, ADV-8, ADV-11). The EC50 was defined as the concentration required to achieve 50% protection against virus-induced cytopathic effects, and the selectivity index (SI) was determined as the ratio of CC50 (concentration of 50% cellular cytotoxicity) to EC50. Results showed that aqueous extracts of C. pulcherrima and its related quercetin possessed a broad-spectrum antiviral activity. Among them, the strongest activities against ADV-8 were fruit and seed (EC50 = 41.2 mg/l, SI = 83.2), stem and leaf (EC50 = 61.8 mg/l, SI = 52.1) and flower (EC50 = 177.9 mg/l, SI = 15.5), whereas quercetin possessed the strongest anti-ADV-3 activity (EC50 = 24.3 mg/l, SI = 20.4). In conclusion, some compounds of C. pulcherrima which possess antiviral activities may be derived from the flavonoid of quercetin. The mode of action of quercetin against HSV-1 and ADV-3 was found to be at the early stage of multiplication and with SI values greater than 20, suggesting the potential use of this compound for treatment of the infection caused by these two viruses.  (+info)

A new furanoid diterpene from Caesalpinia pulcherrima. (2/44)

A new cassane-type diterpene isovouacapenol E (1) was isolated from the leaves of Caesalpinia pulcherrima, together with the known compounds caesaldekarin A (3), spathulenol (4), caryophyllene oxide (5), phytol, and sitosterol. The structure of 1 was elucidated by spectral data interpretation.  (+info)

Antioxidant activity of Caesalpinia sappan heartwood. (3/44)

Antioxidant activity of Caesalpinia sappan heartwood was studied both by in vitro and in vivo models. The ethyl acetate, methanol and water extracts exhibited strong antioxidant activity as evidenced by the low IC50 values in both 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) and nitric oxide methods. The values were found to be less or comparable to those of ascorbic acid and rutin, the standards used. Administration of the successive methanol and water extracts at 50 and 100 mg/kg body weight given for four days prior to carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) treatment caused a significant increase in the level of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase and a significant decrease in the level of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), when compared to CCl4 treated control in both liver and kidney. These changes observed at 100 mg/kg body weight treatment were comparable to those observed for standard vitamin E at 50 mg/kg treatment. The results support significant antioxidant nature of Caesalpinia sappan heartwood extracts.  (+info)

Antitumor activity and antioxidant status of Caesalpinia bonducella against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in Swiss albino mice. (4/44)

The methanol extract of Caesalpinia bonducella FLEMING (Caesalpiniaceae) leaves (MECB) were evaluated for antitumor activity against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC)-bearing Swiss albino mice. The extract was administered at the doses of 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg body weight per day for 14 days after 24 h of tumor inoculation. After the last dose and 18 h fasting, the mice were sacrificed. The present study deals with the effect of MECB on the growth of transplantable murine tumor, life span of EAC-bearing hosts, hematological profile, and biochemical parameters such as lipid peroxidation (LPO), glutathione content (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT) activities. MECB caused significant (P<0.01) decrease in tumor volume, packed cell volume, and viable cell count; and it prolonged the life span of EAC-tumor bearing mice. Hematological profile converted to more or less normal levels in extract-treated mice. MECB significantly (P<0.05) decreased the levels of lipid peroxidation and significantly (P<0.05) increased the levels of GSH, SOD, and CAT. The MECB was found to be devoid of conspicuous short-term toxicity in the mice when administered daily (i.p.) for 14 days at the doses of 50, 100, 200, and 300 mg/kg. The treated mice showed conspicuous toxic symptoms only at 300 mg/kg. The results indicate that MECB exhibited significant antitumor and antioxidant activity in EAC-bearing mice.  (+info)

Effects of ellagic acid and 2-(2,3,6-trihydroxy-4-carboxyphenyl)ellagic acid on sorbitol accumulation in vitro and in vivo. (5/44)

Caesalpinia ferrea MART. (Leguminosae) called as Juca is one of the medicinal plants in Brazil used for diabetes. From the fruits of this plant, ellagic acid (EA) and 2-(2,3,6-trihydroxy-4-carboxyphenyl)ellagic acid (TEA) have been recently isolated as aldose reductase (AR) inhibitors. In this study, we examined to prove the inhibitory activity against AR of EA and TEA in vitro, and EA in vivo by measurement of the accumulation of sorbitol, which is the product of glucose reduction catalyzed by AR. TEA was not examined in vivo because of its shortage of yield from the fruits. EA and TEA significantly and dose-dependently inhibited sorbitol accumulation in erythrocytes, lens and sciatic nerve under incubating with glucose in vitro. EA at a dose of 75 mg/kg/d showed the most potent inhibition of sorbitol accumulation in erythrocytes, lens and sciatic nerve at 50, 75 and 100 mg/kg/d in vivo. These results suggest that the inhibitory activity of EA against AR causes to inhibit sorbitol accumulation by in vitro and in vivo experiments. EA is distributed in fruits and vegetables, so that taking them might be able to relieve diabetic complications.  (+info)

New cassane-type diterpenes of Caesalpinia crista from Myanmar. (6/44)

Seven new cassane-type diterpenes, caesalpinin MF-ML (1-7), and a new norcassane-type diterpene, norcaesalpinin MD (8), have been isolated from the CH2Cl2 extract of seed kernels of Caesalpinia crista from Myanmar, together with sixteen known cassane-type diterpenes, 7-acetoxybonducellpin C, caesaldekarin e, caesalmin C, caesalmin G, 2-acetoxycaesaldekarin e, zeta-caesalpin, caesalpinin D, caesalpinin E, caesalpinin F, caesalpinin H, caesalpinin I, caesalpinin J, caesalpinin K, caesalpinin M, caesalpinin N, and caesalpinin O. The structures of the isolated compounds were elucidated by the use of spectroscopic techniques.  (+info)

Caesaldecan, a cassane diterpenoid from the leaves of Caesalpinia decapetala. (7/44)

A new cassane diterpenoid, caesaldecan, was isolated from Caesalpinia decapetala with eight known compounds, spathulenol, 4,5-epoxy-8(14)-caryophyllene, squalene, lupeol, trans-resveratrol, quercetin, astragalin, and stigmasterol. The (1)H- and (13)C-NMR spectra of the new compound were completely assigned by using a combination of 2D NMR techniques, namely, (1)H-(1)H COSY, HMQC, HMBC, and ROESY.  (+info)

The isolation and structure elucidation of new cassane diterpene-acids from Caesalpinia crista L. (Fabaceae), and review on the nomenclature of some Caesalpinia species. (8/44)

New cassane diterpene-acids, neocaesalpins H and I, were isolated from the leaves of Caesalpinia crista (Fabaceae), and their structures were deduced on the basis of the spectroscopic and chemical basis. These compounds were characterized as having an alpha,beta-butenolide hemiacetal ring that is rare in nature. The lacking of 5-hydroxy group also distinguished neocaesalpins H and I from cassane diterpenes (caesalpins) occurring in other Caesalpinia species from the phytochemical viewpoint. The nomenclature of three Caesalpinia species was also reviewed, and it was found that some species belonging to the genus Caesalpinia are improperly named and should be changed to valid names.  (+info)

*Caesalpinia

... paniculata (Lam.) Roxb. Caesalpinia rhombifolia J. E. Vidal Caesalpinia scandens Heyne ex Roth Caesalpinia ... Caesalpinia delphinensis Du Puy & Rabev. Caesalpinia homblei R. Wilczek Caesalpinia minax Hance Caesalpinia murifructa Gillis ... Caesalpinia brasiliensis L. Caesalpinia cassioides Willd. 1809 Caesalpinia monensis Britton-Black nicker Caesalpinia nipensis ... How Caesalpinia kwangtungensis Merr. Caesalpinia laevigata Perr. Caesalpinia magnifoliolata Metcalf Caesalpinia nuga (L.) Ait. ...

*Caesalpinia pulcherrima

All seeds of Caesalpinia are poisonous. However, the seeds of some species are edible before they reach maturity (e.g. immature ... Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a species of flowering plant in the pea family, Fabaceae, native to the tropics and subtropics of ... C. pulcherrima is the most widely cultivated species in the genus Caesalpinia. It is a striking ornamental plant, widely grown ... "Caesalpinia pulcherrima". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ...

*Tara spinosa

165-174 P. De la Cruz Lapa (2004). An integral and rational utility of tara (Caesalpinia spinosa-Caesalpinia tinctoria) Rev. ... E. McClintock (1996). Caesalpinia. In: J.C. Hickman (ed.) The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of ... Caesalpinia spinosa tannin derivatives for antifouling formulations. Procedia Materials Science, Volume 1, 2012, pp. 259-265. ... "Caesalpinia spinosa". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ...

*Mezoneuron nhatrangense

Caesalpinia nhatrangense. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 19 July 2007.. ...

*Biancaea sappan

"Caesalpinia sappan L". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ... Chang, T. S.; Chao, S. Y.; Ding, H. Y. (2012). "Melanogenesis Inhibition by Homoisoflavavone Sappanone a from Caesalpinia ... Biancaea sappan leaves flower buds Biancaea sappan fruits Bark World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). "Caesalpinia sappan ... Isolation and absolute configurations of 3,4-dihydroxylated homoisoflavans and brazilins from Caesalpinia sappan L". Chemical ...

*Gelrebia merxmuellerana

Caesalpinia merxmuellerana. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 19 July 2007.. ...

*Paubrasilia

USDA Plants Profile: Caesalpinia echinata Flora Brasiliensis: Caesalpinia echinata (in Portuguese) Instituto de Pesquisas e ... is most often used to refer to the species Caesalpinia echinata, but it is also applied to other species, such as Caesalpinia ... Varty, N. (1998). "Caesalpinia echinata". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1998: e.T33974A9818224. doi:10.2305/ ... The name pau-brasil was applied to certain species of Caesalpinia in the medieval period, and transferred to C. echinata in the ...

*Biancaea decapetala

"HEAR description of Caesalpinia decapetala". Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG). Biancaea decapetala EOL Dressler, S.; ... Schmidt, M. & Zizka, G. (2014). "Caesalpinia decapetala". African plants - a Photo Guide. Frankfurt/Main: Forschungsinstitut ...

*Mezoneuron kauaiense

Caesalpinia kavaiensis. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species Archived June 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.. Downloaded on ... "Caesalpinia kavaiensis". Hawaiian Native Plant Propagation Database. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. Retrieved 2009-10-25. " ... "Caesalpinia kavaiensis". CPC National Collection Plant Profiles. Center for Plant Conservation. 2008-07-22. Retrieved 2009-11- ... "Caesalpinia kavaiensis". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ...

*Libidibia paraguariensis

Caesalpinia paraguariensis. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 9 July 2007.. ...

*Guilandina bonduc

Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. [Internet] Record from PROTA4U. Schmelzer, G.H. & Gurib-Fakim, A. (Editors). PROTA (Plant ... "Caesalpinia bonduc". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ... ISBN 978-1-56164-110-9. "Gray Nickarbean or Sea Pearl Caesalpinia bonduc". A Seabean Guide. seabean.com. Retrieved 2010-12-07. ... "Caesalpinia bonduc". African plants - a Photo Guide. Frankfurt/Main: Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg. ...

*Libidibia ferrea

... , formerly Caesalpinia ferrea, and commonly known as pau ferro, Brazilian ironwood, or leopard tree, is a tree ... Most species of Caesalpinia s.l. have poorly defined growth rings, with isolated vessels arranged in radial multiples. Pitting ... "Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. ex Tul". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United ... Gasson, Peter; Warner, Kate; Lewis, Gwilym (2009). "Wood Anatomy of Caesalpinia S.S., Coulteria, Erythrostemon, Guilandina, ...

*List of Southern African indigenous trees and woody lianes

Bonduc Caesalpinia gilliesii (Hook.) D.Dietr. Caesalpinia merxmuelleriana A.Schreib. Caesalpinia pearsoni L.Bolus Caesalpinia ... Caesalpinia angolensis (Oliv.) Herend. & Zarucchi (Mezoneuron angolense Oliv.) Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. & ...

*List of honey plants

Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. Caesalpinia peltophoroides Benth. Caesalpinia pyramidalis Tul. Caesalpinia microphylla Mart. Copaifera ... Cassia grandis L.f. Caesalpinia echinata Lam. ...

*List of Bohol flora and fauna

Caesalpinia pulcherrima Linn.; bulaklak ng paraiso Comfrey - Symphytum officinale L (tambal sa nuka) cosmos - Cosmos (genus) ...

*List of plants of Caatinga vegetation of Brazil

Caesalpinia bracteosa Tul. Caesalpinia ferrea Mart ex Tul. Caesalpinia microphylla Mart. Caesalpinia pyramidalis Tul. Cassia ...

*Timber trees of Gauteng

Caesalpinia ferrea C.Mart. Calodendrum capense (L.f.) Thunb. Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K.Koch Castanea sativa Mill. ...

*Cuban cactus scrub

Caesalpinia spp., Acacia spp., Phyllostylon brasiliense, Pseudosamanea cubana and guayacán negro (Guaiacum officinale). Tuna ( ...

*List of Australian plant species authored by Ferdinand von Mueller

Caesalpinia nitens (F.Muell. ex Benth.) Pedley Caesalpinia scortechinii (F.Muell.) Hattink Caesia chlorantha F.Muell. Caesia ...

*Ironwood

"Caesalpinia ferrea Mart. ex Tul". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United ...

*Fabaceae

Subfamily Caesalpinioideae: Bauhinia forficata, Caesalpinia gilliesii, Caesalpinia spinosa, Ceratonia siliqua, Cercis ... Brazilwood tree (Caesalpinia echinata) is similar to the previous tree but smaller and with red or purple flowers. The wood is ... The Brazilwood tree (Caesalpinia echinata) has been the national tree of Brazil since 1978. The Golden wattle Acacia pycnantha ... Caesalpinia, Senna, Mimosa, Acacia. Includes the former subfamily Mimosoideae (80 genera and ~3200 species; mostly tropical and ...

*List of plants of Burkina Faso

Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. Cajanus kerstingii Harms Caladium bicolor (Aiton) Vent. Calamus ...

*Erythrostemon mexicanus

ISBN 978-0-292-77070-6. Gilman, Edward F (October 1999). "Caesalpinia mexicana Mexican Caesalpinia" (PDF). IFAS Extension. ... "Caesalpinia mexicana A. Gray Mexican holdback". PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2009-12-03 ... Map 27-N & Map 27-SW, Caesalpinia mexicana Irish, Mary (2008). Trees and Shrubs for the Southwest: Woody Plants for Arid ... "Caesalpinia mexicana Mexican bird of paradise". Arid Plant List. University of Arizona. 2006-03-16. ...

*Handcrafts and folk art in Chiapas

and Canna indica L., FABACEAE: Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jack.) Griseb, Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb., Entada gigas (L.) Fawc ...

*Eurema blanda

Caesalpinia mimosoides and Bauhinia purpurea. List of butterflies of India List of butterflies of India (Pieridae) Kunte, K. ( ...
The dried heartwood of Caesalpinia sappan L. is traditionally prescribed in the formula of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), while nothing is yet known of the active fractions and the underlying mechanisms.This study aims to investigate the effect of the ethyl acetate extract of the dried heartwood of Caesalpinia sappan L. (C-A-E) on induction of ...
Caesalpinia bonducella is an important medicinal plant for its traditional uses against different types of diseases. Therefore, the present study investigated the antimicrobial, antidiarrhoeal, and cy
Pride of Barbados is a small evergreen perennial shrub or tree, from the West Indies, 10 - 15 feet high with alternate, bipinnate leaves. The stem and branches are armed with spines. The red, orange, yellow and pink flowers grow at the end of the prickly branches ...
Yoga was one of those things that I thought house-wives and mystics would while away their time in. The images I saw on the internet certainly supported this view. Its no surprise that I veered away from Yoga. Im a healthy and strong individual dedicated to an all-round gym experience, through this hard work, I […] ...
The Scientific World Journal is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal covering a wide range of subjects in science, technology, and medicine. The journals Editorial Board as well as its Table of Contents are divided into 81 subject areas that are covered within the journals scope.
The empiric use of the aphrodisiac plants such as Caesalpinia bonduc is growing up. The practice of self- medication with natural aphrodisiacs increases the risks of adverse reactions. It is then necessary to undertake studies in sight of reasoned use of these substances. The objective of the current study was a characterization of the sexual behavior of male wistar rats treated or not with 100 mg/kg and 300 mg/kg of aqueous or ethanolic extract of C. bonduc roots, comparatively with Viagra. The survey of the sexual behavior was carried in two sets of observation, each during 15 minutes: the first, 15 minutes after treatment and the second, 105 minutes after treatment. The result of phytochemical screening of C. bonduc roots powder revealed the presence of various compounds including tannins, flavonoids, anthocyans, leucoanthocyans, mucillag, saponosids, anthracemic, heterosids, alkaloids and quinons. At the first observation, no significant difference (P,0.05) was noticed for the mean ...
Objective: The leaves of Caesalpinia bonduc (CB) have been used against various disorders in folk medicine including the liver disorders. Earlier, we have shown the hepatoprotective effect of CB in acute hepatotoxicity model. The present study was designed to evaluate the anti-hepatotoxic and anti-fibrotic effect of the aqueous leaf extract of CB on CCl4 (carbon tetrachloride) induced chronic hepatotoxicity/fibrosis in Wistar rats.Methods: Animals were divided into three groups namely; preventive, curative and prophylactic, which was further subdivided into four groups each: Group I-untreated control, group II-CCl4 control, group III-CB+CCl4 and group IV-silymarin+CCl4. The aqueous extract of CB/silymarin was administered orally once, daily for eight weeks in the curative group and for four weeks in preventive and prophylactic groups respectively. The chronic liver damage/fibrosis was induced by intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 twice a week, for four weeks in preventive and prophylactic groups ...
In recent years, intraarticular inflammation has been recognized to contribute to the symptoms and progression of osteoarthritis (OA). Inflammation in OA is associated with increased levels of catabolic enzymes and inflammatory mediators such as nitric oxide (NO), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). Chondrocytes and infiltrating inflammatory cells, neurtrophils and macrophages, participate in the production of these catabolic mediators [1]. Extract from the heartwood of Caesalpinia sappan and its active components were reported to have antioxidative, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects [2]. The present study was designed to investigate whether ethanolic extract of C. sappan possesses anti-inflammatory activities in an in vitro model of joint inflammation comprising primary human osteoarthritic chondrocytes and differentiated THP-1 macrophage cells.
Completely removes makeup & gently cleanses for refreshingly clean skin. Peruvian Tara Seed bionutrient rich cleanser softens & refreshes. Dermatologist recommended brand. No harsh chemical sulfates, parabens, petrochemicals, dyes, phthalates. Neutrogena Naturals Fresh Cleansing + Makeup Remover completely cleans skin and removes makeup in one step without stripping skins natural moisture. This Peruvian Tara Seed bionutrient rich cleanser leaves skin soft and rinses clean. Developed for gentle eye area. Hypoallergenic. Ingredient: Water, Source: Purified water. Ingredient: Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultaine, Source: Coconut/palm kernel derived. Ingredient: Sodium Lauroyl Sarcosinate, Source: Coconut/palm kernel derived. Ingredient: Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Source: Coconut derived. Ingredient: Glycerin, Source: Vegetable. Ingredient: Hydrolyzed Caesalpinia Spinosa Gum, Source: Peruvian Tara seed. Ingredient: Caesalpinia Spinosa Gum, Source: Peruvian Tara seed. Ingredient: Coco-Glucoside, Source: ...
Wood is an astringent, a decoction of the wood is used against dysentry, diarrhoea and in certain cases of skin affection (Troup, 1921). The active antibacterial principle of Caesalpina sappan is brasilin (Xu-HongXi and Lee, 2004). Its heartwood has long been used in Chinese medicines for treating a variety of immune-mediated pathology and inflammatory disease. Brazilein and Caesalpinia sappan ethanol extract (SME) could distinctly inhibit the proliferation of T lymphocyte stimulated by Concanavalin A (Con A) and the proliferation of B lymphocyte stimulated by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) (Ye-Min et al., 2006). The methanol extract of heartwood has growth-inhibiting activity against Clostridium perfringens. C. sappan heartwood-derived material could be useful as a preventive agent against diseases caused by C. perfringens (Lim-MiYoun et al., 2007). Water and methanol extract of C. sappan shows both cytotoxicity and topoisomerase I inhibition activity in vitro (99.9% of enzyme activity is inhibited ...
ABSTRACT: The present study explores antimicrobial activities of Caesalpinia sappan extracts against three strains of oral pathogenic bacteria; Streptococcus mutans DMST9567 (Smu9), Streptococcus mutans DMST41283 (Smu4), and Streptococcus intermedius DMST42700 (Si). Ethanol crude extract of C. sappan (Cs-EtOH) was firstly compared to that of other medicinal plants using disc diffusion method. Cs-EtOH showed significantly higher effective inhibition against all tested strains than other extracts and 0.12% chlorhexidine with the inhibition zone of 17.5 ± 0.5, 18.5 ± 0.0, and 17.0 ± 0.0 mm against Smu9, Smu4, and Si, respectively. Three fractionated extracts of C. sappan using hexane, ethyl acetate, and ethanol, respectively, were further investigated. The fractionated extract from ethanol (F-EtOH) presented the strongest activities with the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of 125-250 μg/mL. Killing kinetics of F-EtOH was depended on the bacterial species and the concentration of ...
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) merupakan masalah serius dalam pengobatan infeksi sebab bakteri telah resisten terhadap beberapa antibiotik. Agen antibakteri yang dapat melawan MRSA sangat diperlukan untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menguji aktivitas antibakteri beberapa ekstrak tanaman terhadap MRSA dan mengetahui senyawa aktif dari ekstrak dengan aktivitas antibakteri tertinggi. Serbuk kering daun kemangi (Ocimum sanctum), daun sirih (Piper betle), daun pepaya (Carica papaya), bunga cengkeh (Syzygium aromaticum), kayu secang (Caesalpinia sappan), biji pala (Myristica fragrans), dan rimpang lengkuas (Alpinia galanga) diekstraksi dengan metode maserasi menggunakan etanol 96%. Uji aktivitas antibakteri ekstrak dilakukan dengan metode difusi disk menggunakan 1 mg ekstrak/disk. Senyawa aktif antibakteri dalam ekstrak yang paling poten ditentukan dengan bioautografi. Hasil uji menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak dapat menghambat pertumbuhan MRSA. Ekstrak ...
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby ...
More than 200 000 vintage pictures are available from my website: artscult.com poinciana gilliesii - high resolution image from old book. This JPEG image is a high resolution printable scan of an old page (or plate, or engraving, or lithograph) from antique book published before 1923.
COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 231/2012 of 9 March 2012. Definition Tara gum is obtained by grinding the endosperm of the seeds of strains of Caesalpinia spinosa (family Leguminosae). It consists chiefly of polysaccharides of high molecular weight composed mainly of galactomannans. The principal component consists of a linear chain of (1-4)-β-D-mannopyranose units with α-D-galactopyranose units attached by (1-6) linkages. The ratio of mannose to galactose in tara gum is 3:1. (In locust bean gum this ratio is 4:1 and in guar gum 2:1). ...
Active ingredients: Algae extract, pullulan, Dipalmitoyl hydroxyproline (Plant-Derived Anti-Wrinkle & Firming Agent). Inactive ingredients: water, triglyceride, titanium dioxide, ichorium intybus (Chicory) root oligosaccharides, caesalpinia spinosa gum, squalane (from olives), zinc oxide, Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Callus Culture Extract, Acetyl hexapeptide-8 (peptide compound), Tetradecyl Aminobutyroylvalylaminobutyric Urea Trifluoroacetate (tripeptide) (and) Magnesium Chloride (naturally occuring mineral that ads viscosity) (and) Glycerin), zinc oxide, Glyceryl stearate (from vegetable fats), PEG-100 stearate (combination of natural oils and fats), cetyl alcohol (derived from vegetable oils), Polysorbate-60 (sorbital based emulsifier), Magnesium Ascorbly Phosphate (Vitamin C), Sodium hyaluronate, Glycerin, leuconostoc/radish root ferment filtrate, lonicera japonica (honey-suckle) flower extract, lonicera caprifolium (honeysuckle) extract, populus tremuloides bark extract, ...
12905 INGREDIENTS: AQUA (WATER) • C9-12 ALKANE • GLYCERIN • PROPANEDIOL • POLYGLYCERYL-6 POLYRICINOLEATE • SILICA • TITANIUM DIOXIDE [NANO] • C15-19 ALKANE • VP/EICOSENE COPOLYMER • DICAPRYLYL CARBONATE • POLYGLYCERYL-2 ISOSTEARATE • COCO-CAPRYLATE/CAPRATE • DISTEARDIMONIUM HECTORITE • SORBITAN SESQUIISOSTEARATE • PARFUM (FRAGRANCE) • CAESALPINIA SPINOSA FRUIT EXTRACT • ALPHA-GLUCAN OLIGOSACCHARIDE • SODIUM MYRISTOYL GLUTAMATE • STEARIC ACID • SODIUM CITRATE • XANTHAN GUM • ALUMINA • POLYHYDROXYSTEARIC ACID • CELLULOSE • POTASSIUM SORBATE • KAPPAPHYCUS ALVAREZII EXTRACT • POLYMNIA SONCHIFOLIA ROOT JUICE • CITRIC ACID • BUTYLENE GLYCOL • ALUMINUM HYDROXIDE • MALTODEXTRIN • LACTOBACILLUS • TOCOPHEROL • THEOBROMA CACAO (COCOA) SEED EXTRACT • [+/- CI 77491, CI 77492, CI 77499 (IRON OXIDES) • CI 77891 (TITANIUM DIOXIDE) • CI 77947 (ZINC OXIDE)] ...
Benzene, Adult, Aedes, Allergic Reaction, Anopheles, Arm, Bites, Caesalpinia, Climates, Concentration, Concentrations, Crude Extracts, Culex, Culicidae, Diptera, Diseases, Egg, Eggs, Larvae, Mortality
The name Brazil is a shortened form of Terra do Brasil, land of Brazil, a reference to brazilwood, given in the early 16th century to the territories leased to the merchant consortium led by Fernão de Loronha for commercial exploitation of brazilwood for the production of wood dyes for the European textile industry. The term for the brazilwood tree in Portuguese, pau-brasil, is derived from brasa (ember), a reference to the colour, formed from medieval Latin brasa, from Old French brese, "ember, glowing charcoal", in turn from a West Germanic *brasa). The land of what became Brazil was first called Ilha de Vera Cruz ("Island of the True Cross") by the Portuguese captain Pedro Álvares Cabral, upon the Portuguese discovery of the land in 1500, probably in honor of the Feast of the Cross (May 3 on the liturgical calendar). This name is found in two letters, one written by Pêro Vaz de Caminha, another by Mestre João Faras, both written during Cabrals landing and dispatched to Lisbon by courier ...
Balur treatment aimed to leach free radicals overwhelmingly produced in unhealthy body with rubbed over the human body. In Balur used some amino acid and herbal such as Bawang Sabrang (Eleutherine palmifolia (L.) Merr), Kopi Balur (Mixed Coffea arabica L. with Acetosal), Coconut Water (Cocos nucifera L.), Secang (Caesalpinia sappan L.) and "Divine" smoke from cloves (Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L. M. Perry) and Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L). This is an observation research of Balur application in volunteers during four years at Rumah Sehat, Malang, Indonesia. The result suggested that Balur can improve quality of life in male volunteers i.e. 61,54% for Cancer (39 volunteers); 80% for Tumor (20 volunteers); 86,36% for Diabetes mellitus (22 volunteers); 93,33% for Heart (15 volunteers); 92,86% for Autism (28 volunteers); 72,73% for Hepatitis (11 volunteers); 100% neuron disease for (2 volunteers); 93,62% for various of disease (94 volunteers). Moreover imrovement quality of life in female ...
7) Study on Cardioactive Effects of Brazilein /. Excerpts from other source:. General Uses: The water kept in Caesalpinia sappan Linn. (Sappan lignum) heartwood is being used in some parts of Kerala as herbal drinking water for its antithirst, blood purifying, antidiabetic, improvement of complexion and several other properties. The use of heartwood as a colouring agent for liquor, wine, meat, fabric, etc. is well established. It has the potential to hit the market as a safe natural colouring agent with good medicinal value for food products, beverages and pharmaceuticals. Sappan is official in India and the Eastern Colonies for use in place of logwood as an astringent. Seeds used for stomach aches and nervous disorders.. Medicinal Uses: Used for purifying blood, quenching thirst, cures jaundice and cough. Good for respiratory ailments, cures wound. As it has medicinal properties similar to Pterocarpus Santalinus it is used in place of this. Its flower is used as a base in fairness creams. It ...
7) Study on Cardioactive Effects of Brazilein /. Excerpts from other source:. General Uses: The water kept in Caesalpinia sappan Linn. (Sappan lignum) heartwood is being used in some parts of Kerala as herbal drinking water for its antithirst, blood purifying, antidiabetic, improvement of complexion and several other properties. The use of heartwood as a colouring agent for liquor, wine, meat, fabric, etc. is well established. It has the potential to hit the market as a safe natural colouring agent with good medicinal value for food products, beverages and pharmaceuticals. Sappan is official in India and the Eastern Colonies for use in place of logwood as an astringent. Seeds used for stomach aches and nervous disorders.. Medicinal Uses: Used for purifying blood, quenching thirst, cures jaundice and cough. Good for respiratory ailments, cures wound. As it has medicinal properties similar to Pterocarpus Santalinus it is used in place of this. Its flower is used as a base in fairness creams. It ...
I was a professor of botany at the Universidade de Brasilia from 1979 to 1984. During that period I had the same question put to me by Dick Eyde then in the Department of Botany of the Smithsonian Institution. I went around to various goverment offices in Brasilia, and I got the following answers: 1) ipe^ amarelo was the flower national, unofficially, what ever that means. Ipe^ amarelo is the common name for a large number of species of Bignoniaceae. 2) rama de cafe [a branch from the coffee plant] was the symbol of governmental power in Brasil. 3) pau-brasil is officially the national tree. I have a copy of LEI N. 6.607 - de 7 de dezembro de 1978, Declara o pau-brasil arvore nacional, instituti o Dia do Pau-Brasil, e da outras provide^ncias. This short law declares pau-brasil (Caesalpinia echinata Lam.) to be the national tree of Brasil. This is an excellent choice because this is one proposed origin for the name of the country, Brasil. It was also one of the very first exports from Brasil ...
Crotalaria flower. One of the keel petals has been removed to show the reproductive organs. Biological illustrations of tropical flower structure, including caesalpinia pulcherrima, thunbergia grandiflora, aspelia latifolia, crotalaria retusa. Biology Teaching Resources by D G Mackean
Crotalaria, the ovary forms a pod-like fruit consisting of two carpels. Biological illustrations of tropical flower structure, including caesalpinia pulcherrima, thunbergia grandiflora, aspelia latifolia, crotalaria retusa. Biology Teaching Resources by D G Mackean
Genera In Family: +- 730 genera, 19400 species: worldwide; with grasses, requisite in agriculture, most natural ecosystems. Many cultivated, most importantly Arachis, peanut; Glycine, soybean; Phaseolus, beans; Medicago, alfalfa; Trifolium, clovers; many orns. Note: Unless stated otherwise, fruit length including stalk-like base, number of 2° leaflets is per 1° leaflet. Upper suture of fruit adaxial, lower abaxial. Anthyllis vulneraria L. evidently a waif, a contaminant of legume seed from Europe. Laburnum anagyroides Medik., collected on Mount St. Helena in 1987, may be naturalized. Ceratonia siliqua L., carob tree (Group 2), differs from Gleditsia triacanthos L. in having evergreen (vs deciduous) leaves that are 1-pinnate (vs 1-pinnate on spurs on old stems, 2-pinnate on new stems) with 2--5(8) (vs 7--17) 1° leaflets, commonly cultivated, now naturalized in southern California. Aeschynomene rudis Benth ...
Handroanthus impetiginosus, pink ipê, pink lapacho, or pink trumpet tree is a native Bignoniaceae tree of America, distributed from northern Mexico south to northern Argentina. Lapacho is the national tree of Paraguay, and it is also a common tree in Argentinas northeastern region, as well as in southeastern Bolivia. According to Native Trees of Trinidad and Tobago, this tree is not indigenous to Trinidad, it is introduced. It is a conspicuous and well-known species with a long history of human use. Consequently, it has a range of local names: ipê-cavatã, ipê-comum, ipê-reto, ipê-rosa, ipê-roxo-damata, lapacho negro, pau darco-roxo, peúva or piúva. The timber is sometimes traded as "Brazilwood", which properly refers to the unrelated Pernambuco tree (Caesalpinia echinata). The pink lapacho is a rather large deciduous tree, with trunks sometimes reaching 8 dm width and 30 m height. Usually a third of that height is trunk, and two thirds are its longer branches. It has a large, globous, ...
Looking for online definition of radiatio pyramidalis in the Medical Dictionary? radiatio pyramidalis explanation free. What is radiatio pyramidalis? Meaning of radiatio pyramidalis medical term. What does radiatio pyramidalis mean?
Suresh Forestry Network are leading Manufacturer & Supplier of Bauhinia Racemosa Seeds in Chikkaballapur Karnataka India, Bauhinia Racemosa Seeds Manufacturer Chikkaballapur, Wholesale Bauhinia Racemosa Seeds Supplier, Bauhinia Racemosa Seeds Manufacturing Company in India.
Flower-fence` (?), n. Botany|Bot. A tropical leguminous bush (Poinciana, ∨ Caesalpinia, pulcherrima) with prickly branches, and showy yello...
The tommotiid Paterimitra pyramidalis Laurie, 1986, is redescribed based on well-preserved material from the lower Cambrian Wilkawillina, Wirrapowie and Ajax limestones of the Flinders Ranges, South Australia. The material shows that the scleritome of Paterimitra pyramidalis includes three sclerite morphotypes (S1, S2 and L). Detailed shell microstructure studies show striking similarities with both the paterinid brachiopod Askepasma toddense and the tommotiid Eccentrotheca helenia, which strengthens the suggested evolutionary link between tommotiids and brachiopods. Based on the partly articulated specimens and similarities in shell microstructure and sclerite morphology with Eccentrotheca, Paterimitra pyramidalis is reconstructed as a tube-dwelling, epifaunal, sessile, filter-feeder with an organic pedicle-like attachment structure. The proposed reconstruction of the scleritome comprises a basal unit composed of one S1 and one S2 sclerite, as well as an unresolved number of L sclerites lining ...
DNA polymerase eta (POLH) a target of p53 tumor suppressor takes on a key part in translesion DNA synthesis (TLS). is definitely controlled by PCBP1 via mRNA stability. gene is definitely associated with human being syndrome Xeroderma Pigmentosum Variant (XPV) [15-17]. XPV individuals are prone to pores and skin cancer [18-20]. Consistently repression of manifestation […]. ...
BioAssay record AID 602900 submitted by ChEMBL: Vasorelaxant activity in Wistar rat endothelium-intact aortic rings assessed as inhibition of phenylephrine-induced contractions at 10 to 100 uM after 10 to 60 mins.
thee intention ov this blog is to share rare occult elektronikx which may be hard to obtain.. if you are an artist who is not happy with your material being shared on this blog: please leave a comment, and your wishes shall be respected here.. also a request to other blogs out there: we expend some ammount of energy with thee transfers ov thee material we are sharing here; pleaze if you feel thee need to re-post posts from this blog: then have thee courtesy to cite where they came from.. am saying this as a person who is thankfull personally for the material shared here, and wishing to have the continued collaboration ov other writers & artists who are contributing to this blog.. hope to be able to continue to share more occult sonorism in thee days ahead ...
Sklep internetowy szkółki roślin Magda zajmuje się produkcją i sprzedażą wieloletnich roślin ozdobnych (doskonale sadzonki, byliny, krzewy, skalniaki). Kilkuletnie doświadczenie w bezpiecznej wysyłce roślin. Bylina rabatowa, niska, dużo kwiatów.
Exif Keywords: Natur, nature, animals, tiere, kriechtiere, Reptilien, reptiles, Terrarium, Vivarium, schuppenkriechtiere, schildkroeten, turtles, tortoises, Terraristik, ...
The high interest on lanthanide chemistry, and particularly in their luminescence, has been encouraged by the need of understanding the lanthanide chemical coordination and how the design of new luminescent materials can be affected by this. This work is focused on the understanding of the electronic structure, bonding nature, and optical properties of a set of lanthanide hexa-aza macrocyclic complexes, which can lead to potential optical applications. Here we found that the DFT ground state of the open-shell complexes are mainly characterized by the manifold of low lying f-states, having small HOMO-LUMO energy gaps. The results obtained from the wave function theory calculations (SO-RASSI) put on evidence the multi-configurational character of their ground state and it is observed that the large spin-orbit coupling and the weak crystal-field produce a strong mix of the ground and the excited-states. The electron localization function (ELF) and the energy decomposition analysis (EDA) support the ...
... merupakan sejenis pokok kecil (renek) yang berduri dan boleh dijumpai di negara-negara seperti China, Taiwan, India, Malaysia dan Vietnam. Ia merupakan pokok (tumbuhan berkayu) yang mempunyai kayu yang berwarna merah dan jika direndam di dalam air akan mengeluarkan warna merah seakan-akan warna air sirap. Daunnya majmuk bipinat dengan susunan daun berselang. Dalam satu tangkai daun terdapat antara 10 hingga 12 pasang daun. Bunganya mempunyai lima kelopak bunga yang berwarna kuning. Bijinya tersimpan di dalam pod buah. Kandungan kimia yang terdapat dalam tumbuhan ini ialah brasilin, tanin dan minyak terbang (volatile oil) .
Artist: Angela Ho AhoyTitle: From Out The Heartwood Came The CultureMedium: 4 colour Risograph print on 300gsm art paperEdition size: Edition of 15 - Signed and numbered by the artistPrint Size: 26.5cm x 33cmFramed Size: 29.5cm x 36cm The sturdy timber from the heartwood of the Tree Spirit is whittled into fine ins
Sigma-Aldrich offers abstracts and full-text articles by [Xianming Su, Xiaowen Zhi, Ting Cui, Qiaowei Zheng, Shixiang Wang, Yongxiao Cao, Changcong Cui, Weiyi Feng].
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Heartwood House is located at 404 McArthur Ave between Dieppe and Moorvale Avenues. It is serviced by the #14 bus. Bus stop numbers are 7076 going towards downtown and 8662 going towards St. Laurent Boulevard.. Try the OC Transpo Travel Planner for your trip needs to Heartwood House. You can also look up the bus stops in the area, and then use the Bus Stop Schedule feature .. [contact-form subject=[Welcome to Rania Odeh%26#039;s website][contact-field label=Name type=name required=1/][contact-field label=Email type=email required=1/][contact-field label=Website type=url/][contact-field label=Comment type=textarea required=1/][/contact-form ...
Urtica dioica, Taraxacum officinale, Calea integrifolia and Caesalpinia pulcherrima are widely used all over the world for treatment of different illnesses. In Mexico, these plants are traditionally used to alleviate or counteract rheumatism and inflammatory muscle diseases. In the present study we evaluated the activity of aqueous and methanolic extracts of these four plants, on the replication of dengue virus serotype 2 (DENV2). Extraction process was carried out in a Soxtherm® system at 60, 85 and 120 °C; a chemical fractionation in silica gel chromatography was performed and compounds present in the active fractions were identified by HPLC-DAD-ESI/MSn. The cytotoxic concentration and the inhibitory effect of extracts or fractions on the DENV2 replication were analyzed in the BHK-21 cell line (plaque forming assay). The half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) and the selectivity index (SI) were calculated for the extracts and fractions. The methanolic extracts at 60 °C of T. officinale and U.
Water , Glycerin , Butylene Glycol , Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter) , Squalane , Cetyl Esters , Dimethicone , Methyl Gluceth-20 , Polyethylene , Glycereth-26 , Polybutene , Sucrose , Magnolia Officinalis Bark Extract , Sigesbeckia Orientalis (St. PaulS Wort) Extract , Algae Extract , Molasses Extract/Saccharum Officinarum/Extrait De Melasse , Sapindus Mukurossi Fruit Extract , Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7 , Whey Protein/Lactis Protein/Proteine Du Petit-Lait , Palmitoyl Hexapeptide-12 , Trifluoroacetyl Tripeptide-2 , Caffeine , Phytosphingosine , Acetyl Hexapeptide-8 , Palmitoyl Tripeptide-1 , Yeast Extract/Faex/Extrait De Levure , Glycine Soja (Soybean) Protein , Caesalpinia Spinosa Gum , Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer , Glyceryl Polymethacrylate , Sucrose Stearate , Caprylyl Glycol , Peg-8 , Sodium Hyaluronate , Simethicone , Polysorbate 20 , Carbomer , Sodium Hydroxide , Dextran , Hexylene Glycol , Sodium Citrate , Phenoxyethanol , Mica , Titanium Dioxide (Ci 77891 ...
Modified solid-state fermentation (MSSF) of tannin-rich substrate yielding tannase and gallic acid was carried out using a co-culture of the filamentous fungi, Rhizopus oryzae (RO IIT RB-13, NRRL 21498) and Aspergillus foetidus (GMRB013 MTCC 3557). Powdered fruits of Terminalia chebula and powdered pod cover of Caesalpinia digyna was used in the process and the different process parameters for maximum production of tannase and gallic acid by co-culture method were optimized through media engineering. MSSF was carried out at the optimum conditions of 30 degrees C and 80% relative humidity ...
Synonyms for reproductive structure in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for reproductive structure. 38 words related to reproductive structure: agamete, fructification, gleba, hymenium, sporocarp, spore case, blossom, flower, bloom, stamen, anther, pistil.... What are synonyms for reproductive structure?
Any form of hyperalgesia manifests itself by increased pain, which is intensified by stimulation or application of the nociceptor. This is the case when one suffers from dental neuralgia, gingivitis and some cases of otitis. The same applies to all innervated parts of the body, on which manifestations of hyperalgesia are particularly acute, even without applying pressure on the painful area or stimulating it in any way whatsoever. Some types of hyperalgesia may result in severe pain caused by the slightest body movement or the stimulation of a proprioceptor (bones, muscles, ligaments, joints). But there also are other types of hyperalgesia that affect organs like the stomach, liver, kidneys and even the intestines. This is known as colic or abdominal hyperalgesia.. ...
thee intention ov this blog is to share rare occult elektronikx which may be hard to obtain.. if you are an artist who is not happy with your material being shared on this blog: please leave a comment, and your wishes shall be respected here.. also a request to other blogs out there: we expend some ammount of energy with thee transfers ov thee material we are sharing here; pleaze if you feel thee need to re-post posts from this blog: then have thee courtesy to cite where they came from.. am saying this as a person who is thankfull personally for the material shared here, and wishing to have the continued collaboration ov other writers & artists who are contributing to this blog.. hope to be able to continue to share more occult sonorism in thee days ahead ...
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. ...
noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, from Mexican Spanish lináloe, tree yielding perfume, from Medieval Latin lignum aloes, literally, wood of the aloe Date: 1891 a fragrant liquid alcohol C10H18O that occurs both free and in the…
Whorls: 3+. Striatura ferrea has a beautiful, finely-textured shell, appearing almost silky, and it is larger than the other striates. The shell has low radial ridges and delicate spiral striae. The live animal is very dark in color, while the shell is usually silvery or steel gray. The open umbilicus is much narrower than that of its relatives, measuring less than half a millimeter in diameter. The aperture is large and rounded, with a simple lip.. Ecology ...
MyFood Myanmar က ဟင္းခ်က္နည္းေတြ၊ မီးဖိုေခ်ာင္နဲ႔ပတ္သတ္တဲ့ အသံုး၀င္တဲ့နည္းလမ္းေတြ နဲ႔ မိသားစုလိုက္ ခ်က္ျပဳတ္စားေသာက္လို႔ရတဲ့ဟင္းလ်ာေတြအေၾကာင္း တင္ဆက္ေပးထားပါသည္။
We have carried out a theoretical study of the geometrical and electronic structures of a family of planar dimers constituted by zinc(II) pyrazinoporphyrazine and zinc(II) phthalocyanine with peripheral electron-donating and electron-withdrawing substituents R [where R = OH (1), C(CH3)3 (2), CH3 (3), C6H5 (4), H (5), CO2H (7), NO2 (7), and PO3H2 (8)]. The complexes are connected by varying the bridge (B) ligand, where, in 1 9, B is CH= and, in 10 12, B is N=, O , and S , respectively. The CO2H group was included in complexes identified as 9 12. This was done because of the known properties of this group in acting as an anchor to adsorb a dye onto a semiconductor oxide. The aim of this work was to provide a useful theoretical basis for the design and screening of new potential dye candidates to be used in these devices, based on the properties of the dyes suitable for their good performance in solar cells, such as frontier molecular orbital spatial distributions; charge-separated states in the ...
Read "The water‐soluble carbohydrates of grasses. I.-Changes occurring during the normal life‐cycle, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips.
After 3 years of active collaboration with 3 different blogs(radiomolotov,misterioso impossivel,vita ignes corpus lignum) I decided to open my own blog.. My aim is to talk about obscure and rare productions which I accomulated in my personal collection.Some stuff is mine,some other produced by good friends of mine,some other by bands/artists whom I do not know by person.I am only posting here very old stuff that it`s not available now days.. If you are one of those artists and you are not happy to see your tape here then send me a shout and I will remove it as soon as possible.My aim is to get out there this old music that is otherwise forgotten ...
After 3 years of active collaboration with 3 different blogs(radiomolotov,misterioso impossivel,vita ignes corpus lignum) I decided to open my own blog.. My aim is to talk about obscure and rare productions which I accomulated in my personal collection.Some stuff is mine,some other produced by good friends of mine,some other by bands/artists whom I do not know by person.I am only posting here very old stuff that it`s not available now days.. If you are one of those artists and you are not happy to see your tape here then send me a shout and I will remove it as soon as possible.My aim is to get out there this old music that is otherwise forgotten ...
Vellai mantharai or Bauhinia racemosa - Herbal Remedy for Glandular Infections, The decoction prepared by the roots are used for abdominal disorders.
Natalya I. Dikht, Alla B. Bucharskaya, Georgy S. Terentyuk, Galina N. Maslyakova, Olga V. Matveeva, Nikita A. Navolokin, Nikolai G. Khlebtsov, Boris N. Khlebtsov ...
Bauhinia L.), é um gênero da família das leguminosas (Subfamília Cercidoideae[1]) com mais de 300 espécies sendo que no Brasil encontra-se cerca de 200 espécies.[2] Pertence a esse gênero a unha-de-vaca ou casco-de-vaca, árvore muito ornamental muito utilizada no paisagismo e na arborização urbana. ...
Presented by M di-T. GUAIACUM.. Guaiacum officinale, Linn.. Natural order, Zygophylle . Common names, Lignum sanctum, Lignum vit .. Preparation, Tincture of the gum-resin.. Authorities. 1, Hahnemann, Chr. Krankhn; 2, Hartmann, ibid.; 3, Langhammer, ibid.; 4, Teuthorn, ibid.; 5, Bang, Tageb. d. Krank. Haus., 1784 [Not accessible, -Hughes.]; 6, Matthiolus, De morb. Gall., 1537 (p. 63 observation); 7, White, in Edin. Med. Comment., iv, p. 327, observation; 8, Lambert, Casp. Wochenschrift, 1840 (A. H. Z., 20, p. 32), effects of a decoction of 6 ounces of the wood in half a quart of water, drank by two persons in the evening.. MIND. ► Emotional. ► Great fretfulness, [1]. ► Morose mood; he speaks little, [4]. ► Contemptuousness, [1]. ► Obstinacy, [1]. ► Intellectual. ► Loss of ideas; he stands in one place, and looks in front of him without thought, in the morning at breakfast time while standing, [4]. ► Weakness of memory, [1]. ► Weakness of memory; he forgets what he has just read, ...
IsolationofMADS-boxgenesfromAizoaceaeTotalRNAwasextractedfromoralbudsofvariousstagesof developmentusingtheRNeasyextractionkit(Qiagen,http:// www.qiagen.com/).cDNAwassynthesizedusingSuperscriptII (Invitrogen,http://www.invitrogen.com/)accordingtothemanufacturersinstructions.Amplicationoftargetgeneswascarriedout usingdegenerateprimersanddegeneratePCRthermocyclingconditionsfrompreviouslypublishedstudies,(B-classgenes;Kramer etal. ,1998)and,C-class;Stellari,JaramilloandKramer,2004).PCR bandsover500bpinsizewereexcisedfromtheagarosegeland puriedusingtheGenecleanIIKit(QBioGene,http://www.qbiogene.com/).PuriedDNAswereclonedusingtheTOPOTACloning Kit(Invitrogen).Intotal,50100cloneswerescreenedfromeach PCRband.PlasmidDNAswereampliedusingtheTempliphi Cycle(Amersham,http://www5.amershambiosciences.com/),and sequencesweregeneratedonanABI3730XLDNAsequencer ...
The longitudinally directed rectus abdominis is the major contributor to the strong anterior wall. Traversing this thick, strap-like muscle are three transverse fibrous bands called the tendinous intersections, which divide the muscle into four segments. This is the major flexor muscle of the vertebral column. A small, variable pyramidalis muscle also contributes to this muscle group ...
The longitudinally directed rectus abdominis is the major contributor to the strong anterior wall. Traversing this thick, strap-like muscle are three transverse fibrous bands called the tendinous intersections, which divide the muscle into four segments. This is the major flexor muscle of the vertebral column. A small, variable pyramidalis muscle also contributes to this muscle group ...
The longitudinally directed rectus abdominis is the major contributor to the strong anterior wall. Traversing this thick, strap-like muscle are three transverse fibrous bands called the tendinous intersections, which divide the muscle into four segments. This is the major flexor muscle of the vertebral column. A small, variable pyramidalis muscle also contributes to this muscle group ...
Retake price for the 3-day class is $180. Save $30 on attending for three days by registering 30 days in advance. Preference given to students taking all three days. If youd like to take 1 or 2 days ($60 ea), contact Janet two weeks before class to see if there is room on those days. You may bring your own manual, or purchase another one for $20.
Zoofachhandel-Etiketten für die Meerwasseraquaristik. Von Anemonenfischen bis zu Zwerkkaisern, Anemonen & Korallen, Acropora echinata, Korallen und Anemomen. Wählen Sie die passenden Etiketten für Ihre Verkaufsanlage.
Biology: The reproductive structure of an angiosperm is the flower. Flowers differ in their shapes, colors, and sizes. They range in form from the simpl...
Among the microbial plant pathogens, fungus-like and fungal pathogens have well developed thallus consisting of hyphae, asexual and sexual reproductive structures. The morphological characteristics of
Katibu mkuu wa umoja wa mataifa Ban Ki Moon amesema ameikaribisha hatua ya kiongozi wa kijeshi wa Myanmar jenerali Than Shwe kwamba yuko tayari kukutana na kiongozi anaetetea demokrasia aliye kizuizini bibi Aung San Suu Kyi.. Katibu mkuu ameyasema hayo katika mkutano wa baraza la usalama la umoja wa mataifa ambao umeitishwa kwa ajili ya kuipokea taarifa ya mjumbe maalum wa Umoja wa mataifa Ibrahim Gambari juu ya ziara yake ya siku nne nchini Myanmar.. Katika ripoti yake bwana Gambari amesema maandamano dhidi ya serikali ya Myanmar ni kilio cha umma kutokana na ukandamizaji.. Bwana Gambari ameonya kuwa hali nchini Myanmar inaweza kuleta madhara makubwa kimataifa. Jenerali Than Shwe amesema atakutana na bibi Suu Kyi lakini kwa sharti kwamba ataacha mwito wake wa kuihimiza jamii ya kimataifa kuuwekea vikwazo utawala wa kijeshi wa Myanmar.. ...
It is very soft, light, straight grained, even and coarse textured. The wood is creamy white but turns pale greyish brown on exposure. Heartwood is usually absent but in some logs occasionally central portion is reddish brown in colour. Average air dry weight 385 kg/m3. Wood white when fresh cut, turning dark on exposure, very soft, perishable; no heartwood; no annual rings. Pores very scanty, very large, often oval or divided into compartments. Medullary rays fine to broad, numerous, not prominent. Pores and silver-grain prominent on a vertical section (Gamble, 1922 ...
Myanmar, our newest country office, is continuing IPAs global tradition of conducting rigorous evaluations in areas of pressing national concern.
Ingredients: Dipsacus asper root, Panax notoginseng root, Paeonia veitchii root, Boswellia carterii resin, Commiphora myrrha resin, Carthamus tinctorius flower, Daemonorops draco resin, Sparganium simplex rhizome, Paeonia lactiflora root, Caesalpinia sappan wood, Glycyrrhiza uralensis root, Angelica sinensis root, Eupolyphaga sinensis, Paeonia suffruticosa root-bark, Cucumis melo seed, Prunus persica seed, Ledebouriella divaricata root, Akebia trifoliata stem, Drynaria fortunei rhizome, Citrus aurantium fruit-immature, Artemisia anomala herb, Platycodon grandiflorum root, Corydalis yanhusuo rhizome, Curcuma longa rhizome. - Xu duan, Tian san qi, Chi shao, Ru xiang, Mo yao, Hong hua, Xue jie, San leng, Bai shao, Su mu, Gan cao, Dang gui, Tu bie chong, Mu dan pi, Tian gua zi, Tao ren, Fang feng, Mu tong, Gu sui bu, Zhi shi, Liu ji nu, Jie geng, Yan hu suo, Jiang huang ...
An effective pigmentation cream to help even out skin tone, with Bearberry extract renowned for its ability to fade dark "sun spots" on the skin. May be used as a moisturiser on the face if required.. Directions: Massage cream into pigmentation marks 2-3 times daily. May be used as a moisturiser on the face.. Warning:. Do not take internally. Keep out of reach of children and away from eyes.. Ingredients:. Aqua, Pentylene Glycol, Hydrogenated Cetyl Olive Oil Esters, Vegetable Glycerin, Arctostaphylos Uva Ursi (Bearberry) Extract, Niacinamide (Vit B3), Croton Glabellus (Dragons Blood) Extract, Cetearyl Alcohol, Cetearyl Glucoside, Oenothera Biennis (Evening Primrose) Oil, Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Oil, Macadamia Nut Oil, Squalane (Vegetable), Glycine Soja, Daucus Carota (Carrot) Oil, Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil, Beeswax , Panthenol, Linalool, Caesalpinia Spinosa Gum, Triticum Vulgare (Wheat Germ) Oil, Pelargonium Graveolens (Geranium) Oil, Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil, Rosa ...
BioAssay record AID 185258 submitted by ChEMBL: Percent inhibition of sorbitol accumulation in the sciatic nerve of streptozotocin (STZ)- induced diabetic rats at peroral dose of 30 mg/kg (preventive effect).
Wood cells form and grow at the cambium layer under the bark. Within a few weeks of cell division, the cells have reached their mature dimensions and three secondary layers are laid down and lignified. The mechanical properties of the cell wall in the axial direction, which are roughly constant across species, are largely determined by the middle secondary layer, which makes up most of the cell wall (approx. 85%) and has roughly 50 per cent cellulose fibres aligned close to the vertical axis of the cell (10-30° off vertical). Wood tissue has a honeycomb-like structure, with densities ranging from about 75 kg m−3 for low-density balsa to 1300 kg m−3 for the densest wood, lignum vitae. Models for the mechanical behaviour of honeycombs indicate that for loading along the grain, the cell walls deform axially and the modulus and strength vary linearly with relative density, while for loading across the grain, the cell walls bend, and the modulus and strength vary with the cube and square of ...
on the Caelian: opposite the temple of Isis (v. INTER DUOS LUCOS). It was probably close to the boundary betweenRegions II and III, near SS. Quattro Coronati (Rev. Etudes Anc. 1914, 213-214; AJA 1914, 530), and was called pulcherrima at the beginning of the fourth century (Hist. Aug. xxx. tyr. 25). It belonged to C. Pius Esuvius Tetricus, who was defeated by Aurelian in 274 A.D. V. Domaszewski (SHA 1916, 7. A, io; 1918, 13. A, 49; 1920, 6. A, 28) regards the whole passage as a sheer invention.. ...
Thirteen blunt-spined brittle stars [Ophiocoma echinata (Lamarck 1816)] measuring 7.7-11.6 cm from the tip of the longest limb to the center of the body disk were collected from the waters of Southwater Caye, Belize (16°49′6′N, 88°4′51″W). All individuals had all five limbs intact, with no noticeable differences in limb length, indicative of recent autotomy and regeneration. Individuals were placed in the center of a 1.5 m diameter test arena filled with fine sand and water from an area near the capture location. There were no strong lighting gradients, and the mixing of the sand during its deposition into the arena presumably eliminated any chemical gradients or scent trails. Because preliminary trials indicated that stimulation via contact did not increase speed and frequently disrupted steady locomotion, animals were allowed to move voluntarily for five trials each. All trials were recorded at a minimum of 15 frames s-1 via either a Fujifilm Finepix S8100fd digital camera (Fujifilm, ...
Unlike roots, which branch at irregular intervals and do not bear organs such as leaves or reproductive structures, stems have a definite pattern of organization that consists of alternating nodes and internodes. Each node is a point on a stem at which an organ is attached. Adjacent nodes are separated by an internode, a zone that lacks any attached organs ...
Chinas $2.5 billion pipeline project in Myanmar is scheduled to be completed this month. The WSJs Jacob Pedersen tells us about his travels in Myanmar and how the people there feel about Chinas
Chinas $2.5 billion pipeline project in Myanmar is scheduled to be completed this month. The WSJs Jacob Pedersen tells us about his travels in Myanmar and how the people there feel about Chinas
Governments and agencies must be wary of drowning Myanmar with well-intentioned but ill-targeted aid, experts have warned, admonishing the global community to first do no harm.
A man from Myanmar told a reporter from the Associated Press that he was sold by a human trafficking broker…. Continue Reading →. ...
So, well-nigh of us instrument compare attractive ovum food to having bosom disease because a top sterol storey testament perchance hike the endangerment of spu
Preloaded input taper bearings : combined to a state of the art assembly lead to a nearly . L SI 5. 194. 164. 275. 263. 497. 0,8. 2,2 X 1049. 1,51 X 10q. 1,15 X 104 . 100. 140. 150. 22. 10. 96. 80. M10. 125. 11. M12. 110. M8. 233. 16. 115. 51,7 105. 97,5. 15. 20. 85. 70. 83,5. 67,5. 50. M8. 52. 52. 78. 25. 28,3. 8. 30. 25.. ...
The fatigue fracture surface micromorphology of poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) was studied as a function of molecular weight (M), plasticizer content, and residual orientation, with particular attention given to how these variables affect the formation of discontinuous growth bands (DGBs). Discontinuous growth bands, which form on a number of polymeric solids under cyclic loading, represent successive increments of crack extension through a craze zone. As expected, DGB width showed little change in size over the molecular weight range or specimen orientations examined and increased in size with increasing plasticizer content. On the other hand, the cyclic stability of these bands increased markedly with an increase in molecular weight, but to a lesser extent with additions of a plasticizer. The internal structure of the bands became more ragged with increasing M, whereas the addition of a plasticizer reestablished the crisp and well-defined micromorphology associated with DGBs in low-M polymers. ...
About Childhelp Alice C. Tyler Village. Throughout the breadth of 260-acres of naturally lush and inviting land in Lignum, Virginia, the Childhelp Alice C. Tyler Village (the Village) has been providing a healing home environment for severely abused, neglected, and at-risk children since 1993. Producing a true community atmosphere, the Village houses as many as 67 children ranging in age from 5 to 14 years old. The residents live in small cottages and are grouped by age and treatment needs. The children who make their home at the village are referred to this place of healing by various judicial authorities and child welfare offices after the Department of Social Services takes custody of them. They arrive experiencing severe behavioral and emotional problems as a result of their previous abusive or neglectful situations. For many of these children, the Village and its multidisciplinary team (MDT) are their last hope in avoiding placement at a juvenile correctional facility.. It takes a whole ...
The present invention relates to a method of cross-linking a polymeric carbohydrate material with a second material by means of a soluble carbohydrate polymer and a crosslinking agent. The present invention furthermore relates to the resulting cross-linked material, to uses of the cross-linked material, as well as to a kit comprising the soluble carbohydrate polymer and the cross-linking agent. ...
Investigations over three vintages indicated that White Riesling juice processed without SO2 and clarified by ultrafiltration (UF) tended to develop sediments upon storage. This study investigates the possible effect of oxidation (processing with or without sulfur dioxide) and pre-UF treatment of juices with enzymes and fining agents on juice flux, color (browning), composition, and stability. White Riesling juice was ultrafiltered with a Romicon Lab-5 pilot-scale hollow-fiber unit, operated in a batch mode, with membrane of nominal molecular weight cut-off (MWCO) of 10 000 daltons. Grapes were processed with and without SO2, and the effects of treatment of settled press juice with Rohapect VR Super (VRS, mainly pectinase and protease) and of fining with bentonite, gelatin, and silica sol before UF were investigated. Juice parameters evaluated included total protein, pectin, phenol, color (A420 nm), and stability to heat/cold testing. Pre-UF treatment with enzymes and fining increased flux. ...
Some cycadeoids had slender, branching trunks, while others were short and stumpy. Both types had compound leaves. Cycadeoid cones contained both male and female reproductive structures. Earlier researchers thought that the cones of the beehivelike cycadeoids resembled primitive angiosperm flowers, but detailed reinvestigation of the cones showed that this was not true. The cycadeoids became extinct about sixty-five million years ago ...
Flower. Reproductive structure of flowering plants with or without protective envelopes, the calyx and/or corolla; short shoot with sporophylls and with or without sterile protective leaves, the calyx and corolla ...
Botanical Name: Meyna spinosa Roxb. Family: Rubiaceae Subfamily: Ixoroideae Tribe: Vanguerieae Genus: Meyna Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots
... On-line free medical diagnosis assistant. Ranked list of possible diseases from either several symptoms or a full patient history. A similarity measure between symptoms and diseases is provided.
Tagalide A (1) and tagalol A (2), representing dolabrane-type diterpenes with unprecedented ring-A/B/C/D- and ring-A/B/C-fused cores (vii-viii), respectively, were isolated from the Chinese mangrove, Ceriops tagal. The relative and absolute configurations of these dolabranes were unambiguously established by HRESIM
... yog lub npe rau cov khoom qab zib-qab qab, soluble carbohydrates, ntau yam uas tau siv hauv cov khoom noj. Cov piam thaj yooj yim, tseem hu ua monosaccharides
Myanmar has agreed to begin talks with Bangladesh over an estimated 65,000 Rohingya Muslims who have fled Myanmars northwestern Rakhine State since attacks on border posts three months ago, a senior Myanmar official said on Thursday.
Fabaceae has two different meanings; for both meanings, another name is allowed by the ICBN: Leguminosae for the larger family (as used by APG) and Papilionaceae for the more limited family (as used by Cronquist). ...
Cox, Samuel E. and Stushnoff, Cecil, "Temperature-Related Shifts in Soluble Carbohydrate Content During Dormancy and Cold Acclimation in Populus Tremuloides" (2001). ...
Timothy (Phleum pretense L.) pastures of 3 Total mixed ration (TMR) centers in Hokkaido were selected, the first cutting grasses were continuously collected from the same pastures on different harvest days over 4 years (2011-2014), and changes in the water soluble carbohydrates (WSC) content were analyzed to investigate the relationship with weather conditions. The harvest days in the 4-year period were June 17-22, June 24-26, June 27-30, and July 2-5, and grasses on these dates were designated as the harvest date groups. The weather data during the cutting period in each year were utilized. The WSC content tended to change yearly and it was significantly lower in the 4 groups (67.3 - 82.1 g/kg DM) in 2011 than in the groups (101.5 - 130.3 g/kg DM) in 2013 excluding the June 24-26 group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). The WSC content tended to increase as the harvest date progressed in 2011-2013 and it significantly increased even though the harvest date was delayed only in 2013 (P < 0.01). It was
Herbal medicines like Punarnava (Boerhaavia diffusa), Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Gokshur (Tribulus terrestris), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Haridra (Curcuma longa), Daruharidra (Berberis aristata), Nimba (Azadirachta indica), Rasna (Pluchea lanceolata), Guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia), Deodar (Cedrus deodara), Vishwa (Zinziber officinalis), Erandmool (Ricinis communis), Apamarga (Achyranthus aspera), Shalparni (Desmodium gangeticum), Prushnaparni (Uraria picta), Varun (Crataeva nurvala), Latakaranj (Caesalpinia crista), Kachnaar (Bauhinia variegata), Patol (Tricosanthe dioica) and Patha (Cissampelos pareira) can also be used for this purpose. Medicines like Varun and Latakaranj form the mainstay of treatment for this condition, and can be used equally well to treat polycystic ovaries ...

Caesalpinia - WikipediaCaesalpinia - Wikipedia

Caesalpinia paniculata (Lam.) Roxb. Caesalpinia rhombifolia J. E. Vidal Caesalpinia scandens Heyne ex Roth Caesalpinia ... Caesalpinia delphinensis Du Puy & Rabev. Caesalpinia homblei R. Wilczek Caesalpinia minax Hance Caesalpinia murifructa Gillis ... Caesalpinia brasiliensis L. Caesalpinia cassioides Willd. 1809 Caesalpinia monensis Britton-Black nicker Caesalpinia nipensis ... How Caesalpinia kwangtungensis Merr. Caesalpinia laevigata Perr. Caesalpinia magnifoliolata Metcalf Caesalpinia nuga (L.) Ait. ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caesalpinia

Caesalpinia pulcherrima - WikipediaCaesalpinia pulcherrima - Wikipedia

All seeds of Caesalpinia are poisonous. However, the seeds of some species are edible before they reach maturity (e.g. immature ... Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a species of flowering plant in the pea family, Fabaceae, native to the tropics and subtropics of ... C. pulcherrima is the most widely cultivated species in the genus Caesalpinia. It is a striking ornamental plant, widely grown ... "Caesalpinia pulcherrima". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caesalpinia_pulcherrima

Category:Caesalpinia echinata - Wikimedia CommonsCategory:Caesalpinia echinata - Wikimedia Commons

Caesalpinia echinata Pau-brasil Parque das Águas São Lourenço MG by Rodrigo Rios.JPG 5,184 × 3,456; 10.23 MB. ... Media in category "Caesalpinia echinata". The following 57 files are in this category, out of 57 total. ... Caesalpinia echinata - Jardim Botânico de São Paulo - IMG 0261.jpg 2,448 × 3,264; 2.11 MB. ... Caesalpinia echinata - Jardim Botânico de São Paulo - IMG 0347.jpg 2,448 × 3,264; 3.47 MB. ...
more infohttps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Caesalpinia_echinata

Caesalpinia L.Caesalpinia L.

... Common names. caesalpinia in English. nicker in English. poinciana in English. 실거리나무속 in language.. ジャケツイバラ in ... Caesalpinia Name. Synonyms. Biancaea Tod.. Bonduc Mill.. Brasilettia (DC.) Kuntze. Caesaplinia. Coulteria Kunth. Denisophyton. ... Caesalpinia L. Dataset GBIF Backbone Taxonomy Rank GENUS http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ ...
more infohttps://www.gbif.org/species/2958443

Caesalpinia - definition of Caesalpinia by The Free DictionaryCaesalpinia - definition of Caesalpinia by The Free Dictionary

Caesalpinia synonyms, Caesalpinia pronunciation, Caesalpinia translation, English dictionary definition of Caesalpinia. Noun 1 ... Caesalpinia - small spiny tropical trees or shrubs; includes the small genus or subgenus Poinciana genus Caesalpinia rosid ... Related to Caesalpinia: Caesalpinia bonduc, Caesalpinia bonducella, Caesalpinia pulcherrima, Caesalpinia gilliesii, Caesalpinia ... bonduc tree, Caesalpinia bonduc, Caesalpinia bonducella, bonduc - tropical tree with large prickly pods of seeds that resemble ...
more infohttps://www.thefreedictionary.com/Caesalpinia

Caesalpinia pulcherrima - definition of Caesalpinia pulcherrima by The Free DictionaryCaesalpinia pulcherrima - definition of Caesalpinia pulcherrima by The Free Dictionary

Caesalpinia pulcherrima synonyms, Caesalpinia pulcherrima pronunciation, Caesalpinia pulcherrima translation, English ... Noun 1. Caesalpinia pulcherrima - tropical shrub or small tree having showy yellow to orange-red flowers; sometimes placed in ... Caesalpinia, genus Caesalpinia - small spiny tropical trees or shrubs; includes the small genus or subgenus Poinciana ... Caesalpinia pulcherrima. Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: ...
more infohttps://www.thefreedictionary.com/Caesalpinia+pulcherrima

Caesalpinia decapetala risk assessmentCaesalpinia decapetala risk assessment

Caesalpinia decapetala (Syn: Caesalpinia sepiaria Common: Mysore thorn, Mauritius thorn, wait-a-while, cats claw). Answer. ... 1)Listed as a principal weed in the U.S. as Caesalpinia sepiaria.(2)In plantations the weed seriously hampers activities. In ... Caesalpinia bonduc and Kalanchoe pinnata. . [C. bondac is an aggressive species spreading in the natural habitat in Galapagos ... http://www.mediterraneangardensociety.org/plants/Caesalpinia.decapetala.html. 4.08. (1)Deciduous tree ...Fire tolerance in ...
more infohttp://www.hear.org/pier/wra/pacific/caesalpinia_decapetala_htmlwra.htm

Jepson Herbarium: Jepson Flora Project: Jepson eFlora: Caesalpinia gilliesiiJepson Herbarium: Jepson Flora Project: Jepson eFlora: Caesalpinia gilliesii

Caesalpinia gilliesii. © 2014 Steve Matson. Caesalpinia gilliesii. © 2009 Neal Kramer. More photos of Caesalpinia gilliesii in ... Caesalpinia gilliesii. © 2014 Steve Matson. Caesalpinia gilliesii. © 2014 Steve Matson. Caesalpinia gilliesii. © 2014 Steve ... Previous taxon: Caesalpinia. Next taxon: Caesalpinia spinosa. Name Search Contact/Feedback Citation for this treatment: Martin ... Caesalpinia gilliesii. BIRD-OF-PARADISE. Family: Fabaceae. View Description. Dichotomous Key. Genus: Caesalpinia. View ...
more infohttp://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=16498

Caesalpinia Pulcherrima L - Pride of BarbadosCaesalpinia Pulcherrima L - Pride of Barbados

Caesalpinia pulcherrima (yellow). seeds. 1 packet (100 seeds). US$ 41.50. Caesalpinia pulcherrima (pink). seeds. 1 packet (100 ... CAESALPINIA PULCHERRIMA L. - PRIDE OF BARBADOS. Synonym Poinciana pulcherrima, Poinciana bijuga.. Common name Pride of Barbados ... Caesalpinia pulcherrima (orange). seeds. 1 packet (100 seeds). US$ 41.50. ...
more infohttp://tropilab.com/caesal-pul.html

Caesalpinia pulcherrima Yellow  - Yellow Dwarf Poinciana  - SeedsCaesalpinia pulcherrima 'Yellow' - Yellow Dwarf Poinciana - Seeds

5 seeds per pack. Fairly uncommon yellow flowered form of the beautiful dwarf poinciana. Named for its ornate flowers which look much like the Royal Poinciana, yet grow on a small bushy tree, usually only reaching 6-8ft in height. Susceptible to frosts, can be container grown. #276 ...
more infohttp://www.tradewindsfruit.com/caesalpinia-pulcherrima-yellow-yellow-dwarf-poinciana-seeds

PASS-Predicted Hepatoprotective Activity of Caesalpinia sappan in Thioacetamide-Induced Liver Fibrosis in RatsPASS-Predicted Hepatoprotective Activity of Caesalpinia sappan in Thioacetamide-Induced Liver Fibrosis in Rats

J. Hu, X. Yan, W. Wang, H. Wu, L. Hua, and L. Du, "Antioxidant activity in vitro of three constituents from Caesalpinia sappan ... Caesalpinia sappan (CS), commonly named as Brazil or Sappan, belongs to the family of Caesalpiniaceae, a native plant in ... S. Badami, S. Moorkoth, and B. Suresh, "Caesalpinia sappan-a medicinal and dye yielding plant," Natural Product Radiance, vol. ... J. Y. Lee and K. J. Min, "Antimicrobial activity and bactericidal activity of Caesalpinia sappan L. extract," Hangug Hwangyeong ...
more infohttps://www.hindawi.com/journals/tswj/2014/301879/

Antibacterial, antidiarrhoeal, and cytotoxic activities of methanol extract and its fractions of Caesalpinia bonducella (L.)...Antibacterial, antidiarrhoeal, and cytotoxic activities of methanol extract and its fractions of Caesalpinia bonducella (L.)...

Caesalpinia bonducella is an important medicinal plant for its traditional uses against different types of diseases. Therefore ... Ramesh BN, Indi SS, Rao KS: Anti-amyloidogenic property of Caesalpinia crista. Neurosci Lett. 2010, 475: 110-114.CrossRefPubMed ... Caesalpinia bonducella Antimicrobial Antidiarrhoeal Cytotoxicity Electronic supplementary material. The online version of this ... Caesalpinia bonducella L. (Family: Fabaceae) is an important medicinal plant, which is widely distributed in the tropical and ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/1472-6882-13-101

PlantFiles Pictures: Pride of Barbados, Red Bird of Paradise, Dwarf Poinciana, Peacock Flower (Caesalpinia pulcherrima) by htopPlantFiles Pictures: Pride of Barbados, Red Bird of Paradise, Dwarf Poinciana, Peacock Flower (Caesalpinia pulcherrima) by htop

Caesalpinia pulcherrima) at Daves Garden. All pictures are contributed by our community. ... Pride of Barbados, Red Bird of Paradise, Dwarf Poinciana, Peacock Flower (Caesalpinia pulcherrima). by htop Oct 28, 2006 8:43 ... so far as I know, this is the only Caesalpinia with spiny branches... not super sharp spines... sort of like stiff hairs... and ... plant has turquoise leaves and a bit smaller when compared to Caesalpinia mexicana, which I have growing next to it in my ...
more infohttps://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/showimage/131439/

PlantFiles Pictures: Pride of Barbados, Red Bird of Paradise, Dwarf Poinciana, Peacock Flower (Caesalpinia pulcherrima) by MitjoPlantFiles Pictures: Pride of Barbados, Red Bird of Paradise, Dwarf Poinciana, Peacock Flower (Caesalpinia pulcherrima) by Mitjo

Caesalpinia pulcherrima) at Daves Garden. All pictures are contributed by our community. ... Pride of Barbados, Red Bird of Paradise, Dwarf Poinciana, Peacock Flower (Caesalpinia pulcherrima). by Mitjo Oct 13, 2003 6:29 ... so far as I know, this is the only Caesalpinia with spiny branches... not super sharp spines... sort of like stiff hairs... and ... plant has turquoise leaves and a bit smaller when compared to Caesalpinia mexicana, which I have growing next to it in my ...
more infohttps://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/showimage/28691/

Molecules | Free Full-Text | Characterization and Quantification of the Compounds of the Ethanolic Extract from Caesalpinia...Molecules | Free Full-Text | Characterization and Quantification of the Compounds of the Ethanolic Extract from Caesalpinia...

Caesalpinia ferrea Martius has traditionally been used in Brazil for many medicinal purposes, such as the treatment of ... Keywords: Caesalpinia ferrea; HPLC-DAD quantification; HPLC/ESI-IT-MS; hydrolyzable tannins; mutagenic activity Caesalpinia ... Caesalpinia ferrea Martius has traditionally been used in Brazil for many medicinal purposes, such as the treatment of ... Characterization and Quantification of the Compounds of the Ethanolic Extract from Caesalpinia ferrea Stem Bark and Evaluation ...
more infohttps://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/19/10/16039

Antimicrobial Effect of Caesalpinia sappan L. Extract on Foodborne Bacteria | Korea ScienceAntimicrobial Effect of Caesalpinia sappan L. Extract on Foodborne Bacteria | Korea Science

Caesalpinia sappan L.;antimicrobial effect;Clostridium difficile;Listeria monocytogenes;Staphylococcus aureus; ... Antimicrobial Effect of Caesalpinia sappan L. Extract on Foodborne Bacteria - ... Antimicrobial Effect of Caesalpinia sappan L. Extract on Foodborne Bacteria. Kim, Yi-Seul; Shim, Hye-Mee; Kim, Kwang-Yup; ... Antiinflammatory principles of Caesalpinia sappan wood and of Haematoxylon campechianum wood. Planta Med 31: 214-220. ...
more infohttp://www.koreascience.or.kr/article/ArticleFullRecord.jsp?cn=SPOOBG_2016_v45n7_1026

In vitro and in vivo assessment of the anti-malarial activity of Caesalpinia pluviosa | Malaria Journal | Full TextIn vitro and in vivo assessment of the anti-malarial activity of Caesalpinia pluviosa | Malaria Journal | Full Text

Wu ZH, Huang J, Li WD, Wu LJ, Gao HY: Three new cassane diterpenes from the seeds of Caesalpinia minax Hance. J Asian Nat Prod ... Prasad GR: Chemical examination of the flowers of Caesalpinia pulcherrima. Indian J Pharm Sci. 1978, 40: 103-104.Google Scholar ... Caesalpinia pluviosa, commonly named "sibipiruna", is a leguminous of the Fabaceae family that is originated from Brazil. This ... Liu AL, Shu SH, Qin HL, Lee SM, Wang YT, Du GH: In vitro anti-influenza viral activities of constituents from Caesalpinia ...
more infohttps://malariajournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1475-2875-10-112

Caesalpinia - Nicker -- Discover LifeCaesalpinia - Nicker -- Discover Life

... identification and distribution of Caesalpinia - Nicker -- Discover Life ... Caesalpinia L.. NICKER. Life Plantae Dicotyledoneae Fabaceae © Copyright Bobby Hattaway 2011 · 5. Caesalpinia bonduc. Click on ... Caesalpinia gilliesii, Bird of paradise bush. © Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1. Caesalpinia gilliesii, Bird of paradise bush. ... Caesalpinia gilliesii, Bird of paradise bush. © Copyright Cody Parmer 2010 · 1. Caesalpinia gilliesii, Bird of paradise bush. ...
more infohttp://shsu.discoverlife.org/mp/20q?search=Caesalpinia

Caesalpinia digyna - Useful Tropical PlantsCaesalpinia digyna - Useful Tropical Plants

Caesalpinia digyna is a very prickly plant that is variable in shape and can be a climbing or scandent shrub, or a small tree[ ...
more infohttp://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Caesalpinia+digyna

Gallotannin-rich Caesalpinia spinosa fraction decreases the primary tumor and factors associated with poor prognosis in a...Gallotannin-rich Caesalpinia spinosa fraction decreases the primary tumor and factors associated with poor prognosis in a...

... and tumor progression activities of a gallotannin-rich fraction derived from Caesalpinia spinosa (P2Et). The parameters ... Caesalpinia spinosa fruits are well known to be good tannins sources, yet evidence of their cytotoxic or antitumor activity is ... Caesalpinia spinosa pods were collected in Villa de Leyva, Boyacá, Colombia in March 2007 and identified by Luis Carlos Jiménez ... Gallotannin-rich Caesalpinia spinosa fraction decreases the primary tumor and factors associated with poor prognosis in a ...
more infohttps://bmccomplementalternmed.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6882-13-74

Andean Tree Caesalpinia spinosa | Pelle DolceAndean Tree Caesalpinia spinosa | Pelle Dolce

Caesalpinia spinosa is cultivated as a source of tannins based on a galloylated quinic acid structure. It is also grown as an ... Caesalpinia spinosa (Molina) Kuntze, commonly known as tara is a small leguminous tree or thorny shrub native to Peru. ... Caesalpinia spinosa pods are an excellent source of environmentally friendly tannins (tara tannins) most commonly used in the ... Andean tree Caesalpinia spinosa is used in natural skin care products for its stabilization and emulsification properties. ...
more infohttps://www.pelledolce.com/andean-tree-caesalpinia-spinosa-organic/

Cryptic Speciation in the Caesalpinia hintonii Complex (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) in a Seasonally Dry Mexican Forest :...Cryptic Speciation in the Caesalpinia hintonii Complex (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae) in a Seasonally Dry Mexican Forest :...

The Caesalpinia hintonii group comprises six species of endemic shrubs or trees, C. epifanioi, C. hintonii, C. laxa, C. ... The Caesalpinia hintonii group comprises six species of endemic shrubs or trees, C. epifanioi, C. hintonii, C. laxa, C. ... Keywords: Caesalpinia hintonii complex; legumes; Mesoamerica; Mexico; plant phylogeography; population differentiation; ... was carried out for the Caesalpinia hintonii complex. Five of the six taxa of the C. hintonii complex were included. ...
more infohttp://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/aob/mcm213

Methanol extract from Vietnamese Caesalpinia sappan induces apoptosis in HeLa cells | Biological Research | Full TextMethanol extract from Vietnamese Caesalpinia sappan induces apoptosis in HeLa cells | Biological Research | Full Text

This study evaluated the cytotoxic activity of extracts from Caesalpinia sappan heartwood against multiple cancer cell lines ... Kim EC, Hwang YS, Lee HJ, Lee SK, Park MH, Jeon BH, Jeon CD, Lee SK, Yu HH, You YO: Caesalpinia sappan induces cell death by ... Namikoshi M, Nakata H, Saitoh T: Study on the chemical constituents of Caesalpinia sappan . Chem Pharm Bull 1987, 35: 3615-3619 ... Shimokawa T, Kinjo J, Yamahara J, Yamasaki M, Nohara T: Two novel compounds from Caesalpinia sappan L. Chem Pharm Bull 1985, 33 ...
more infohttps://biolres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/0717-6287-47-20

Highly Detailed Caesalpinia Pecorae Divi Divi Tree Fossil Plant LeafHighly Detailed Caesalpinia Pecorae Divi Divi Tree Fossil Plant Leaf

While the Green River Formation is a Lagerstätte most known for its exquisite fish fossils, the fossil flora and fauna are truly diverse, including plants, invertebrates and vertebrates (including reptiles, mammals) with even Eocene stromatolites represented. This willow leaf shows nice venation. There is also a tiny insect, not so well preserved. Insects are not commonly seen in Green River fossils.
more infohttps://www.fossilageminerals.com/products/highly-detailed-leguminosites-regularis-fossil-plant-leaf-54-million-years-old-eocene-age
  • The following species are currently assigned to Caesalpinia but will eventually be transferred to the genus Guilandina once the necessary taxonomic revisions have been published. (wikipedia.org)
  • Caesalpinia homblei R. Wilczek Caesalpinia minax Hance Caesalpinia murifructa Gillis & Proctor Caesalpinia solomonensis Hattink Caesalpinia volkensii Harms The following species are currently assigned to Caesalpinia but may form an independent genus, in which case the name Ticanto Adans. (wikipedia.org)
  • Genus: Caesalpinia L". Germplasm Resources Information Network. (wikipedia.org)
  • Caesalpinia was once much larger, but most of the species assigned to it have been segregated into separate genera. (wikipedia.org)
  • It currently comprises the following species: Caesalpinia anacantha Urb. (wikipedia.org)
  • Caesalpinia rhombifolia J. E. Vidal Caesalpinia scandens Heyne ex Roth Caesalpinia szechuanensis Craib Caesalpinia vernalis Champion Caesalpinia yunnanensis S. J. Li, D. X. Zhang & Z. Y. Chen Some species are grown for their ornamental flowers. (wikipedia.org)
  • About a hundred species of Caesalpinia are native to tropical America, Asia and Namibia, Africa. (unf.edu)
  • The Caesalpinia hintonii group comprises six species of endemic shrubs or trees, C. epifanioi , C. hintonii , C. laxa , C. macvaughii , C. melanadenia and C. oyamae , found in scattered patches of seasonally dry forest in the Río Balsas depression and the neighbouring Tehuacán-Cuicatlán valley, which are part of the Mexican morphotectonic province of Sierra Madre del Sur. (oup.com)
  • Caesalpinia pluviosa , commonly named "sibipiruna", originates from Brazil and possess multiple therapeutic properties, including anti-malarial activity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The Caesalpinia sappan is characterized as small shrubby tree which can grow up to 4-8m tall. (studymode.com)
  • A phylogeographic study based on four highly variable non-coding plastid regions ( trnL intron, trnL-F intergenic spacer, trnH-psbA intergenic spacer, and accD-psaI intergenic spacer) was carried out for the Caesalpinia hintonii complex. (oup.com)