An element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 114. It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING.
Poisoning occurring after exposure to cadmium compounds or fumes. It may cause gastrointestinal syndromes, anemia, or pneumonitis.
A cadmium halide in the form of colorless crystals, soluble in water, methanol, and ethanol. It is used in photography, in dyeing, and calico printing, and as a solution to precipitate sulfides. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
Inorganic compounds that contain cadmium as an integral part of the molecule.
Unstable isotopes of cadmium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cd atoms with atomic weights 103-105, 107, 109, 115, and 117-119 are radioactive cadmium isotopes.
A low-molecular-weight (approx. 10 kD) protein occurring in the cytoplasm of kidney cortex and liver. It is rich in cysteinyl residues and contains no aromatic amino acids. Metallothionein shows high affinity for bivalent heavy metals.
Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)
Poly-glutathione peptides composed of (Glu-Cys)n-Gly where n is two to seven. They are biosynthesized by glutathione gamma-glutamylcysteinyltransferase and are found in many PLANTS; YEASTS; and algae. They sequester HEAVY METALS.
A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.
Spectrophotometric techniques by which the absorption or emmision spectra of radiation from atoms are produced and analyzed.
Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.
A silver metallic element that exists as a liquid at room temperature. It has the atomic symbol Hg (from hydrargyrum, liquid silver), atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. Mercury is used in many industrial applications and its salts have been employed therapeutically as purgatives, antisyphilitics, disinfectants, and astringents. It can be absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes which leads to MERCURY POISONING. Because of its toxicity, the clinical use of mercury and mercurials is diminishing.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.
The total amount of a chemical, metal or radioactive substance present at any time after absorption in the body of man or animal.
Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.
The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)
The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.
A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Tellurium. An element that is a member of the chalcogen family. It has the atomic symbol Te, atomic number 52, and atomic weight 127.60. It has been used as a coloring agent and in the manufacture of electrical equipment. Exposure may cause nausea, vomiting, and CNS depression.
Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.
A potent natriuretic and vasodilatory peptide or mixture of different-sized low molecular weight PEPTIDES derived from a common precursor and secreted mainly by the HEART ATRIUM. All these peptides share a sequence of about 20 AMINO ACIDS.
Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.
Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.
Private, not-for-profit hospitals that are autonomous, self-established, and self-supported.
Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.
Hospitals owned and operated by a corporation or an individual that operate on a for-profit basis, also referred to as investor-owned hospitals.
Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.
Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.
A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.
A condition due to a dietary deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), characterized by malaise, lethargy, and weakness. As the disease progresses, joints, muscles, and subcutaneous tissues may become the sites of hemorrhage. Ascorbic acid deficiency frequently develops into SCURVY in young children fed unsupplemented cow's milk exclusively during their first year. It develops also commonly in chronic alcoholism. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1177)
Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.
A generic descriptor for all TOCOPHEROLS and TOCOTRIENOLS that exhibit ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of ISOPRENOIDS.
Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.
Legally authorized corporations owned and managed by one or more professionals (medical, dental, legal) in which the income is ascribed primarily to the professional activities of the owners or stockholders.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.
The heat flow across a surface per unit area per unit time, divided by the negative of the rate of change of temperature with distance in a direction perpendicular to the surface. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Inorganic compounds that contain aluminum as an integral part of the molecule.
A compound with many biomedical applications: as a gastric antacid, an antiperspirant, in dentifrices, as an emulsifier, as an adjuvant in bacterins and vaccines, in water purification, etc.
A group of adenine ribonucleotides in which the phosphate residues of each adenine ribonucleotide act as bridges in forming diester linkages between the ribose moieties.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A plant genus of the family POLYGONACEAE that is used as an EDIBLE GRAIN. Although the seeds are used as cereal, the plant is not one of the cereal grasses (POACEAE).
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.

Testing their metal. (1/120)

Metals continually rank at the top of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's annual list of agents that pose the greatest hazard to the people of the United States. Metals aren't going away, either. They do not biodegrade, and they often concentrate in human and animal cells and tissue. Many metals are known human and animal carcinogens, while many others are suspected to play a role in cancer. Little is known, however, about the mechanisms by which metals cause cancer.  (+info)

Granulocyte and plasma cytokine activity in acute cadmium intoxication in rats. (2/120)

Changes in the number and ex vivo function of peripheral blood neutrophils were investigated following intraperitoneal administration of cadmium-chloride in rats. Besides a dose-dependent increase in the number of peripheral blood neutrophils, changes were found in the functional state of isolated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs). Increased spontaneous adhesion and activation, and TNF activity in a conditioned medium were observed in cultures of granulocytes in comparison to granulocytes from control (saline-treated) animals. Increased levels of plasma activity of inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were noted following cadmium administration. Cytological signs of pulmonary inflammation were revealed histologically and the majority of neutrophils recovered from the lungs by enzyme digestion exhibited a capacity of nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction. Our data demonstrate that acute cadmium intoxication leads to a systemic inflammatory response characterized by numerical and functional changes in the granulocyte compartment and to increased levels of inflammation-related cytokine activity in the circulation. Correlations between the increased number of peripheral blood neutrophils and IL-6 plasma activity (r=0.776, p<0.00001) and the number of neutrophils recovered from the lung tissue (r=0.893, p<0.00001) suggested that systemic cadmium-induced inflammation might be involved in the pulmonary toxicity of cadmium.  (+info)

Neurobehavioural effects of occupational exposure to cadmium: a cross sectional epidemiological study. (3/120)

BACKGROUND: A patient with unexplained minor behavioural changes associated with an axonal sensorimotor polyneuropathy had a history of chronic occupational exposure to cadmium (Cd). Although animal studies have shown that Cd is a potent neurotoxicant, little is known about its toxicity for the human central nervous system. The aim of this study was to investigate the toxic potential of chronic occupational exposure to Cd on neurobehavioural functions. METHODS: A cross sectional epidemiological study was conducted ina group of Cd workers and an age matched control group. Eighty nine adult men (42 exposed to Cd and 47 control workers) were given a blinded standardised examination that consisted of computer assisted neurobehavioural tests (neurobehavioural examination system), a validated questionnaire to assess neurotoxic complaints (neurotoxicity symptom checklist--60, NSC-60), and a standardised self administered questionnaire to detect complaints consistent with peripheral neuropathy and dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system. Historical and current data on biomonitoring of exposure to Cd, either the highest value of Cd in urine (CdU in microgram Cd/g creatinine) of each Cd worker during work (CdUmax) or the current value (CdUcurrent) of each control, were available as well as data on microproteinuria. RESULTS: Cd workers (CdUmax: mean (range), 12.6 (0.4-38.4)) performed worse than the controls (CdUcurrent: mean (range), 0.7 (0.1-2.0)) on visuomotor tasks, symbol digit substitution (p = 0.008), and simple reaction time to direction (p = 0.058) or location (p = 0.042) of a stimulus. In multiple linear regression analysis, symbol digit substitution, simple direction reaction time test, and simple location reaction time test were significantly related to CdUmax, (beta = 0.35 (p < 0.001), beta = 0.25 (p = 0.012), and beta = 0.23 (p = 0.021) respectively). More complaints consistent with peripheral neuropathy (p = 0.004), complaints about equilibrium (p = 0.015), and complaints about concentration ability (p = 0.053) were found in the group exposed to Cd than in the control group, and these variables correlated positively with CdUmax (peripheral neuropathy: beta = 0.38, p < 0.001; equilibrium: beta = 0.22, p = 0.057; concentration ability: beta = 0.27, p = 0.020). CONCLUSION: Slowing of visuomotor functioning on neurobehavioural testing and increase in complaints consistent with peripheral neuropathy, complaints about equilibrium, and complaints about concentration ability were dose dependently associated with CdU. Age, exposure to other neurotoxicants, or status of renal function could not explain these findings. The present study also indicates that an excess of complaints may be detected in Cd workers before signs of microproteinuria induced by Cd occur.  (+info)

Risk of mortality, cancer incidence, and stroke in a population potentially exposed to cadmium. (4/120)

OBJECTIVES: To follow up mortality and cancer incidence in a cohort potentially exposed to cadmium and to perform a geographical (ecological) analysis to further assess the health effects of potential exposure to cadmium. METHODS: The English village of Shipham has very high concentrations of cadmium in the soil. A previous cohort study of residents of Shipham in 1939 showed overall mortality below that expected, but a 40% excess of mortality from stroke. This study extends the follow up of the cohort for mortality to 1997, and includes an analysis of cancer incidence from 1971 to 1992, and a geographical study of mortality and cancer incidence. Standardised mortality and incidence ratios (SMRs and SIRs) were estimated with regional reference rates. Comparisons were made with the nearby village of Hutton. RESULTS: All cause cohort mortality was lower than expected in both villages, although there was excess cancer incidence in both Shipham (SIR 167, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 106 to 250) and Hutton (SIR 167, 95% CI 105 to 253). There was an excess of mortality from hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, and nephritis and nephrosis, of borderline significance, in Shipham (SMR 128, 95% CI 99 to 162). In the geographical study, all cause mortality in Shipham was also lower than expected (SMR 84, 95% CI 71 to 100). There was an excess in genitourinary cancers in both Shipham (SIR 160, 95% CI 107 to 239) and Hutton (SIR 153, 95% CI 122 to 192). CONCLUSION: No clear evidence of health effects from possible exposure to cadmium in Shipham was found despite the extremely high concentrations of cadmium in the soil.  (+info)

Male infertility and environmental exposure to lead and cadmium. (5/120)

Humans are exposed occupationally and environmentally to metal aerosols including lead (Pb2+) and cadmium (Cd2+). These toxicants accumulate in male reproductive organs. Epidemiological studies have been equivocal about effects of Pb2+ and Cd2+ on hormone concentrations, male fertility and sperm parameters. Comparison of Pb2+ and Cd2+ concentrations in fertile and infertile men are problematic. Problem areas include failure to control confounding variables, but genetic polymorphisms as in somatic diseases may modulate Pb2+ and Cd2+ damage. Multiple calcium (Ca2+) and potassium (K+) channel isoforms have been identified in human testes and spermatozoa. These Ca2+ and K+ channels are involved in early events of acrosome reactions. Ca2+ channel are susceptible to Cd2+ poisoning and K+ channels to Pb2+. These channels offer entry paths for metallic toxicants into mature spermatozoa. Ion channel polymorphisms may cause differential sensitivities to Cd2+ and Pb2+, explaining in part prospective blinded studies showing high Cd2+ in varicocele-related human infertility and high Pb2+ in unexplained infertility. In both forms of male infertility the ability to undergo an acrosome reaction decreases. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assays for Ca2+ and K+ channel isoforms may identify susceptibility subgroups with lower resistance to environmental exposures.  (+info)

Metallothionein-null mice are more sensitive than wild-type mice to liver injury induced by repeated exposure to cadmium. (6/120)

Liver is a major target organ of cadmium (Cd) toxicity following acute and chronic exposure. Metallothionein (MT), a low-molecular-weight, cysteine-rich, metal-binding protein has been shown to play an important role in protection against acute Cd-induced liver injury. This study investigates the role of MT in liver injury induced by repeated exposure to Cd. Wild-type and MT-I/II knockout (MT I/II-null) mice were injected sc with a wide range of CdCl(2) doses, 6 times/week, for up to 10 weeks, and their hepatic Cd content, hepatic MT concentration, and liver injury were examined. Repeated administration of CdCl(2) produced acute and nonspecific chronic inflammation in the parenchyma and portal tracts and around central veins. Higher doses produced granulomatous inflammation and proliferating nodules in liver parenchyma. Apoptosis and mitosis occurred concomitantly in liver following repeated Cd exposure, whereas necrosis was mild. As a result, significant elevation of serum enzyme levels was not observed. In wild-type mice, hepatic Cd concentration increased in a dose- and time-dependent manner, reaching 400 microgram/g liver, along with 150-fold increases in hepatic MT concentrations, the latter reaching 1200 microgram/g liver. In contrast, in MT I/II-null mice, hepatic Cd concentrations were about 10 microgram/g liver. Despite the lower accumulation of Cd in livers of MT I/II-null mice, the maximum tolerated dose of Cd was one-eighth lower than that for wild-type mice at 10 weeks, and liver injury was more pronounced in the MT I/II-null mice, as evidenced by increases in liver/body weight ratios and histopathological analyses. In conclusion, these data indicate that (1) nonspecific chronic inflammation, granulomatous inflammation, apoptosis, liver cell regeneration, and presumably, preneoplastic proliferating nodules are major features of liver injury induced by repeated Cd exposure, and (2) intracellular MT is an important protein protecting against this Cd-induced liver injury.  (+info)

Acute cadmium exposure inactivates thioltransferase (Glutaredoxin), inhibits intracellular reduction of protein-glutathionyl-mixed disulfides, and initiates apoptosis. (7/120)

Oxidative stress broadly impacts cells, initiating regulatory pathways as well as apoptosis and necrosis. A key molecular event is protein S-glutathionylation, and thioltransferase (glutaredoxin) is a specific and efficient catalyst of protein-SSG reduction. In this study 30-min exposure of H9 and Jurkat cells to cadmium inhibited intracellular protein-SSG reduction, and this correlated with inhibition of the thioltransferase system, consistent with thioltransferase being the primary intracellular catalyst of deglutathionylation. The thioredoxin system contributed very little to total deglutathionylase activity. Thioltransferase and GSSG reductase in situ displayed similar dose-response curves (50% inhibition near 10 micrometer cadmium in extracellular buffer). Acute cadmium exposure also initiated apoptosis, with H9 cells being more sensitive than Jurkat. Moreover, transfection with antisense thioltransferase cDNA was incompatible with cell survival. Collectively, these data suggest that thioltransferase has a vital role in sulfhydryl homeostasis and cell survival. In separate experiments, cadmium inhibited the isolated component enzymes of the thioltransferase and thioredoxin systems, consistent with the vicinal dithiol nature of their active sites: thioltransferase (IC(50) approximately 1 micrometer), GSSG reductase (IC(50) approximately 1 micrometer), thioredoxin (IC(50) approximately 8 micrometer), thioredoxin reductase (IC(50) approximately 0.2 micrometer). Disruption of the vicinal dithiol on thioltransferase (via oxidation to C22-SS-C25; or C25S mutation) protected against cadmium, consistent with a dithiol chelation mechanism of inactivation.  (+info)

Heavy metal poisoning in glass worker characterised by severe. (8/120)

The paper presents the clinical description of the masticatory organ and biochemical assessment of dental tissue in a patient employed in a glassworks for 20 years. During 12 years the patient has suffered baldness ("Alopecia areata") and atypical extensive and non-healing cutaneous lesions. Dental examination revealed changes typical of chronic poisoning by cadmium and bismuth compounds.  (+info)

Chest Pain & Foaming at the Mouth Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Inhalation of Cadmium Fumes & Carbon Monoxide Poisoning & Drowning. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Prevention is the key to managing cadmium exposure. No effective treatment for cadmium toxicity exists. For the general public, the primary source of exposure to cadmium is dietary. Smoking tobacco adds an additional burden of cadmium. Nutritional deficiencies can increase the risk of cadmium toxicity. Chronic cadmium exposure primarily affects the kidneys and secondarily the bones. Acute inhalation of fumes containing cadmium affects the lungs.
Cadmium toxicity has been demonstrated in several organs, as discussed later. It targets many systems of the body and can cause a multitude of different symptoms. Under normal conditions, mitochondria, microsomes, and peroxi-somes produce significant amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this article, we have reviewed recent developments and findings on cadmium toxicology. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! The metal transporters involved in Cd transport within plant tissues are also discussed and how their manipulation can control Cd uptake and/or translocation. NLM in various industries. Gender differences in susceptibility, at lower exposure, are uncertain, but some data indicate that Cd has estrogenic effects and affects female offspring [8]. This volume focuses on cadmium (Cd) exposure, its effects on human health, the mechanism of Cd accumulation and the development of mitigation technologies. Heavy metals are ubiquitous and generally persist in the ...
Cadmium poisoning through industrial exposure to inorganic cadmium fumes may produce fatigue, coughing, chest pain, a burning sensation in the throat, and renal damage. The prognosis of persons with cadmium-induced renal dysfunction is unfavorable, with urinary β-microglobulin and urinary protein the most important factors.2 Inhalation of cadmium fumes can lead to pneumonia with acute exposure and emphysema with chronic exposure.3. Cadmium poisoning is predominantly associated with cadmium fumes and/or inorganic cadmium salts that may be present in certain industrial environments. Cadmium and its inorganic compounds are commonly found in industry. Cadmium is utilized in many alloys and metal plating. Inorganic cadmium fumes or dusts are generally associated with heating, welding, and grinding of cadmium-containing metal products. Cadmium exposure in the general populace is derived from dietary intake, averaging 2−200 μg/day, and is only occasionally the precipitant of overexposure. In ...
In a representative US population higher levels of urinary cadmium were found to be significant predictors of lower FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC in current and former smokers but not in never smokers. In addition, variability in urine cadmium levels was found among current smokers. It is not clear whether this finding is related to the dose of cadmium to which smokers are exposed or to variability in the uptake and metabolism of cadmium in smokers. It is possible that the variability in cadmium levels in smokers is related to the intensity of smoking-that is, smokers with higher cadmium levels extract more tar and nicotine out of each cigarette than smokers with lower levels. It is also possible that the variability in lung function in smokers is similarly related to variability in smoking intensity, and that cadmium levels are just a long term marker of tobacco dose.. Cadmium intake in humans is either through ingestion or inhalation, with the major source of exposure in never smokers being ...
Blood and urinary cadmium concentrations together with cadmium in air concentrations from the breathing zone of 18 male workers in an alkaline battery factory were determined at regular intervals for 11 consecutive weeks. Nine of the workers examined were smokers and nine non-smokers. Smokers and non-smokers did not differ in age or years of employment. Cadmium in air concentrations varied, but no definite trend was observed. The concentrations of cadmium in the blood and urine were found to be stable. Exposure to airborne cadmium was identical for smokers and non-smokers but average cadmium concentrations in the blood and urine of smokers were approximately twice as high as those in non-smokers. For the whole group, urinary cadmium was significantly correlated with years of employment, but no correlation was found between blood cadmium concentrations and exposure. For non-smokers, the correlation between cadmium in blood and years of employment was statistically significant (p less than 0.001). ...
The nephrotoxicity of cadmium at low levels of exposure, measured by urinary cadmium, has recently been questioned since co-excretion of cadmium and proteins may have causes other than cadmium toxicity. The aim of this study was to explore the relation between kidney function and low or moderate cadmium levels, measured directly in kidney biopsies ...
Introduction: Cadmium, heavy metal, is causing toxicity. Propolis is a natural product derived from plant resins collected by honeybees. Studies reported this substance is an antioxidant and antitumor. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the effects of the propolis alcohol extract (PAE)...
Concentration of aquatic environment with heavy metals has become a matter of great concern because of their toxicity, persistence and bioaccumulation. Cadmium is widely distributed in aquatic environments
Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental toxicant of widespread exposure and pervasive toxicity. Absorption, systemic transport and uptake of Cd are mediated by metal transporters that the body uses for acquisition of physiologically-essential elements, notably of iron, zinc and calcium. Currently, human ex …
Adams SV, Passarelli MN, Newcomb PA. 2012. Cadmium exposure and cancer mortality in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey cohort. Occup Environ Med 69(2):153-156.. Akerstrom M, Barregard L, Lundh T, Sallsten G. 2013. The relationship between cadmium in kidney and cadmium in urine and blood in an environmentally exposed population. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 268:286-293.. Arnich N, Sirot V, Rivière G, Jean J, Noël L, Guérin T, et al. 2012. Dietary exposure to trace elements and health risk assessment in the 2nd French Total Diet Study. Food Chem Toxicol 50:2432-2449.. Buser MC, Ingber SZ, Raines N, Fowler DA, Scinicariello F. 2016. Urinary and blood cadmium and lead and kidney function: NHANES 2007-2012. Int J Hyg Environ Health 219(3):261-267.. Ciesielski T, Bellinger DC, Schwartz J, Hauser R, Wright RO. 2013. Associations between cadmium exposure and neurocognitive test scores in a cross-sectional study of US adults. Environ Health 12:13, doi: ...
Smoking is a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and causes exposure to cadmium, which is a pro-atherosclerotic metal. Cadmium exposure has also been shown to increase the risk of CVD, even after adjustment for smoking. Our hypothesis was that part of the risk of CVD in smokers may be mediated by cadmium exposure from tobacco smoke. We examined this hypothesis in a mediation analysis, trying to assess how much of the smoking-induced CVD risk could be explained via cadmium. We used prospective data on CVD (incidence and mortality) in a Swedish population-based cohort of 4304 middle-aged men and women (the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study). Blood cadmium was analyzed in base-line samples from 1991, and clinical events were followed up for 16-19 years based on registry data. Mediation analysis was conducted to evaluate the indirect effect (via cadmium) of smoking on CVD. Survival was analyzed by the accelerated failure time (AFT) model and the Aalen additive hazard model. The mean blood cadmium
BACKGROUND: Low-level environmental cadmium exposure in children may be associated with adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate associations between urinary cadmium concentration and reported learning disability (LD), special education utilization, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in U.S. children using National Health and Nutrition Examination Su
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology. (Metallbiologisk forskning) ...
The effects of cadmium on performance, antioxidant defense system, liver and kidney functions, and cadmium accumulation in selected tissues of broiler chickens were studied. Whether the possible adverse effects of cadmium would reverse with the antio
This 24-hour urine test is used to monitor exposure to cadmium. Cadmium is an extremely toxic metal frequently found in industrial places of work. Cigarettes are also a significant source of cadmium exposure. Cadmium may be found in batteries, fertilizers, pesticides, PVC plastics and certain shellfish. Those who work with cadmium pigments are also at risk for cadmium exposure. Cadmium toxicity affects the liver, placenta, lungs, brain, kidneys and bones, which may lead to problems such as fatigue, confusion, depression and cardiac arrhythmias. ...
Whole books and maybe encyclopedias could be written on pigments having the word cadmium in their common name. I dont recommend any cadmium paint because of the potential health hazard. Yes, I know: manufacturers say they are making safe cadmiums…but, in my opinion, who really knows. Therefore I dont press my luck. But, as so many of you use these pigments you should be aware of their virtues and their drawbacks. If you are not using a single pigment PY35 cadmium yellow, be aware of the additional pigment(s). If the additional pigment is an orange pigment the bias of that particular cadmium yellow will be orange. As in the case of a cadmium yellow hue, if the pigments have nothing to do with cadmium pigments, check on the bias of the pigments used to manipulate to achieve a cadmium yellow hue. If cadmium yellow has the word deep in its name, again, be assured that the bias will be orange. All yellow cadmiums made of PY37 are orange biased. Are you confused yet? I know I am. Why should any ...
Citation: Grant, C.A., Clarke, J.M., Duguid, S., Chaney, R.L. 2003. Use of genetic variability in reducing cadmium uptake by plants. Proceedings of the SCOPE Workshop on Risk Assessment and Management of Environmental Cadmium (Ghent, Belgium, September 3-5, 2003) UNEP-SCOPE, Paris. Interpretive Summary: All crops accumulate some cadmium from soils, but some crops accumulate soil cadmium more effectively that others, and some soils are geochemically enriched in cadmium or contaminated with cadmium. Excessive lifetime cadmium consumption can cause renal tubular dysfunction in susceptible individuals, especially subsistence rice consumers. One method to minimize the possibility that consumers will ingest excessive cadmium in foods is to breed crop cultivars which accumulate lower levels of cadmium in the edible plant tissue (e.g., grain). Major or staple foods are of greater importance if breeding for low cadmium is needed, but minor foods which accumulate higher levels of cadmium than most other ...
Cadmium is a soft, malleable metal that, according to OSHA, can cause serious health problems for workers exposed to it. When using this metal, proper personal protective equipment must be worn because cadmium is highly toxic. Exposure to this metal is known to cause cancer and targets the bodys cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal, neurological, reproductive, and respiratory systems, the administration states.. Cadmium is used today in batteries, alloys, plastic stabilizers and solar cells. OSHA estimates that 300,000 workers are exposed to the metal in the United States. Cadmium exposure can occur in all industry sectors, but construction and manufacturing have the highest exposure rates. The following workplace activities can lead to exposure:. ...
Presence of cadmium in drinking water is hazardous to human health. Renal, cardiovascular, respiratory and skeletal effects have been found to be induced by cadmium exposure. Cadmium can induce renal tubular dysfunction leading to renal lesion and irreversible impairment of reabsorption capacity of renal tubules. Combine concentration of metallothionein, a cadmium binding protein, and cadmium…
Combined effects of estrogen deficiency and cadmium exposure on calcified hard tissues: Animal model relating to itai-itai disease in postmenopausal women (2013 ...
Arsenic and cadmium toxicity are serious sources of illness with exposure coming through food, water and industrial sources. Arsenic toxicity causes skin lesions, anemia, increased heart and vascular disease, diabetes and liver damage. Cadmium alters kidney function, causes osteoporosis and osteomalacia and increases cancer risk. S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe), alpha-lipoic acid, glutathione, selenium, zinc, N-acetylcysteine (NAC), methionine, […]. View Post ...
High levels of cadmium, a chemical found in cigarettes and in contaminated vegetables, are associated with higher death rates in patients with influenza or pneumonia, research finds.. High cadmium levels may also increase the severity of COVID-19 and other respiratory viruses, according to the study.. Our study suggests the public in general, both smokers and nonsmokers, could benefit from reduced exposure to cadmium, says lead author Sung Kyun Park, associate professor of epidemiology and environmental health sciences at the University of Michigan School of Public Health.. Long-term exposure to cadmium, even at low levels, may undermine our defense system in the lungs, and people with high levels of the chemical may not be able to cope with influenza virus attacks, Park says.. The associations we found need to be verified in other populations and also studied with respect to cadmiums potential impact on COVID-19 related morbidity and mortality, says senior author Howard Hu, professor and ...
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envisionsolutions/09-27/crusher-1000-tph/ .. .envisionsolutions/09-28/ball-mill-grinder-machine/ .. .envisionsolutions/10-06/stone-crushing-company-in-china/ ... .envisionsolutions/10-22/quarry-rock-crusher/ .. .envisionsolutions/10-31/cadmium-content-of-zinc-ores/.cadmium levels in quarry rock grinding mill china,determination of concentration of some heavy metals in . - IRAJAbstract- Concentration of heavy metals (iron, lead, chromium and cadmium) was determined in road . In places such as flour and sugar mills and coal mines.. ...
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Davison AG, Fayers PM, Newman Taylor AJ, Venables KM, Darbyshire J, Pickering CAC, Chettle DR, Franklin D, Guthrie CJ, Scott MC, OMalley D, Holden H, Mason HJ, Wright AL, Gompertz D, Taylor AJ, et al, Cadmium fume inhalation and emphysema, Lancet, 1988;1:663-667 ...
lead cadmium used_Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Tin and Arsenic in Food2 of 13 Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Tin and Arsenic in Food TOXICOLOGY FACTSHEET SERIES In addition to the overall responsibility placed on FBOs by th
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Cadmium can come in the silver variety, Zinc and Cadmium are related somehow chemically, I believe the the Cad is a by product of zinc or something like that. The Muriatic acid is the hot tip for removing either, after the acid, drop in a solution of 1 lb baking soda per gal of water, that will neutralize and keep the bolt from rusting as it .. ...
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Mar 30, 2006 · um, with a condensation temperature of 430 K at 7.5 × 10 − 7 Pa, is a more volatile element than either S, with a condensation temperature of 684 K, or K with a condensation temperature of 1000 K . Cadmium possesses eight stable isotopes, ranging in mass number from 106 to 116, and has an atomic number Z = 48. Cadmium is therefore the Get price ...
Health effects of cadmium exposure in the general environment in Japan with special reference to the lower limit of the benchmark dose as the threshold level of urinary cadmium ...
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Not only by eating foods but also breathing air contaminated with cadmium affects human health. How bad it could be depends on the exposure.
These glazes contain fritted lead and may yield in excess of 2 parts per million soluble lead and therefore should not be used on the contact surfaces of food or beverage ceramic ware. Cadmium Gloss Glazes 10000C - 10400C. Use on earthenware clay in an oxidising atmosphere - produce glossy colours. ...
Cadmium plated duplicate of OEM block, screw, cotter pin and brass washers used on all Linkert and Bendix carburetors. Standard Size. H-D#27450-36
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An introduction to cadmium plating, its uses, suitability and versatility for various processes and the environmental information you need to know.
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For around the last 9 months of my life, Ive struggled with depression. It was due to a lot of factors, wasnt fun at all. But luckily Im now out of it ...
The ubiquitous food contaminant cadmium has features of an estrogen mimetic that may promote the development of estrogen-dependent malignancies, such as breast cancer. However, no prospective studies of cadmium exposure and breast cancer risk have been reported. , We examined the association between dietary cadmium exposure (at baseline, 1987) and the risk of overall and estrogen receptor (ER)-defined (ER+ or ER-) breast cancer within a population-based prospective cohort of 55,987 postmenopausal women. During an average of 12.2 years of follow-up, 2,112 incident cases of invasive breast cancer were ascertained (1,626 ER+ and 290 ER-). After adjusting for confounders, including consumption of whole grains and vegetables (which account for 40% of the dietary exposure, but also contain putative anticarcinogenic phytochemicals), dietary cadmium intake was positively associated with overall breast cancer tumors, comparing the highest tertile with the lowest [rate ratio (RR), 1.21; 95% confidence ...
Article Urine metabolomics of women from small villages exposed to high environmental cadmium levels. This study aimed to identify urine metabolites in women exposed to high cadmium levels. 21 women exposed to environmental Cd and 12 age‐matched cont...
Protective and curative role of Citrus sinensis peel on cadmium-induced testicular and spermatic damage: a morphometric and immunohistochemical evaluation using monoclonal antibodies against Ki-67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen
Cadmium (Cd) is frequently used in various industrial applications and is a ubiquitous environmental toxicant, also present in tobacco smoke. An important route of exposure is the circulatory system whereas blood vessels are considered to be main stream organs of Cd toxicity. Our previous results indicate that cadmium chloride (CdCl2) affects mean arterial blood pressure in hypertensive rats. We hypothesized that Cd alters the intracellular calcium transient mechanism, by cadmium-induced stimulation of MAPKs (ERK 1 & 2) which is mediated partially through calcium-dependent PKC mechanism. To investigate this hypothesis, we exposed primary cultures of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from wistar kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) to increased concentrations of CdCl2 on cell viability, expression of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs/ERK 1 & 2), and protein kinase C (PKC) which are activated by Cd in several cell types. The results from these studies indicate that CdCl2
Biochemical analyses can point to toxicant presence before its effects can be detected at higher organizational levels. We investigated responses of larval mass and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) to different cadmium treatments in 4th instar gypsy moth larvae from 20 full-sib families. Changes in trait values and trait plasticities as well as their variation were monitored after acute and chronic exposure or recovery from two cadmium concentrations (Cd(1) = 10 mu g and Cd(2) = 30 mu g Cd/g dry food). Larval mass only decreased, without returning to the control level at recovery stage following chronic cadmium challenge. Acute stress did not change trait value but increased genetic variance of larval mass. Significant ALP activity changes, sensitivity of isozyme patterns (Mr of 60, 64, and 85 kDa) and increased variation in ALP plasticity during acute exposure to cadmium point to its possible aplication as an exposure biomarker. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved ...
Environmental cadmium exposure is associated with elevated risk of chronic otitis media in adults[4] Chronic otitis media (COM) is caused by an infection of the middle ear, although it may also be associated with environmental pollutants. Recent reports found that cadmium exposure could be toxic to middle ear cell lines, but the role of cadmium in the development of COM in humans has not been examined to date. We hypothesised that environmental cadmium exposure was associated with an increased risk of COM in the general population. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data for 5331 adults of 20 years of age or above, obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012. We examined the association between blood cadmium levels and COM diagnosed by an otolaryngologist. RESULTS: The highest quartile group of cadmium blood concentration was associated with an OR of 3.33 (95% CI 1.78 to 7.53) for COM, after adjusting for potential confounding factors. Doubling blood ...
Cadmium (Cd) is among the most widespread and toxic heavy metal in several part of the world. Its toxicity in soil is becoming a severe threat to living organism worldwide. It is one of the main pollutants in paddy fields near industrial areas and highly toxic to plant growth and development of the plants. Cd can be easily taken up by plants and enter the food chain. Therefore, precautionary measurements should be done to reduce accumulation of Cd in crops to alleviate the risk of health hazards in response to Cd-polluted soils. Several strategies have been proposed for the successful management of the Cd-contaminated in crops. One approach, applicable on slightly contaminated soils, is selection of plant genotypes with high ability to repress root uptake and shoot transport of Cd which could be a reasonable approach to alleviate adverse effects of Cd toxicity in crops. Moreover, the toxic effect of Cd can be decreased by proper application of essential nutrients such as Zn, S and N fertilizers Cd
Previous U.S. population modeling studies have reported that urinary cadmium (Cd) excretion patterns differ with age, sex, and dietary exposure; associations between Cd exposures and health outcomes also have differed by age and sex. Therefore, it is important to test models used to estimate Cd exposures across an expanded Cd-exposure range.,We estimated relative Cd exposures from both diet and smoking in low- and high-exposure scenarios to provide data for improving risk assessment calculations.,We used a Cd toxicokinetic-based model to estimate Cd exposures based on urinary Cd levels measured for 399 persons in a low-exposure area (Bangkok) and 6,747 persons in a high-exposure area (Mae Sot) in Thailand.,In Bangkok, we estimated dietary Cd exposures of 50-56 µg/day for males and 21-27 µg/day for females 20-59 years of age who never smoked. In Mae Sot, we estimated dietary Cd exposures of 188-224 µg/day for males and 99-113 µg/day for females 20-59 years of age who never smoked. In Bangkok, ...
Cadmium (Cd2+) is a known nephrotoxin causing tubular necrosis during acute exposure and potentially contributing to renal failure in chronic long-term exposure. To investigate changes in global gene expression elicited by cadmium, an in-vitro exposure system was developed from cultures of human renal epithelial cells derived from cortical tissue obtained from nephrectomies. These cultures exhibit many of the qualities of proximal tubule cells. Using these cells, a study was performed to determine the cadmium-induced global gene expression changes after short-term (1 day, 9, 27, and 45 μM) and long-term cadmium exposure (13 days, 4.5, 9, and 27 μM). These studies revealed fundamental differences in the types of genes expressed during each of these time points. The obtained data was further analyzed using regression to identify cadmium toxicity responsive genes. Regression analysis showed 403 genes were induced and 522 genes were repressed by Cd2+ within 1 day, and 366 and 517 genes were induced and
The effect of Cd (10, 100, and 200 μM) on tissue contents of macronutrients (N, P, K, Ca, Mg) and micronutrients (Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn) was investigated in hydroponically grown soybean (Glycine max) seedlin
prepared by Syracuse Research Corporation under contract no. 200-2004-09793; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. : Chemical manager(s)/author(s): Obaid F ...
Only limited data were available on the skin or respiratory sensitization potential of cadmium metal and cadmium compounds. Cadmium chloride did not show any skin sensitization effects at 0.5% in a GMPT test. Cadmium chloride and sulphate were patch-tested in human volunteers but, across several studies, the evidence remained inconclusive. If at all, significant exposure is expected to occur principally in occupational settings.Given the carcinogen properties of cadmium metal and some of the cadmium compounds, risk reduction measures are in place to prevent contact.Therefore, neither skin nor respiratory tract sensitization are expected to be an issue for human health and further testing is not considered necessary, in accordance withAnnex XI (3) of the REACH directive.This is in line with the conclusions of the EU RAR (ECB, 2007). At present, none of the cadmium substances covered in the present assessment is classified for sensitization in Annex I of Directive 67/548/EEC. ...
Introduction Agricultural soils in Iran, as in many other countries, are slightly to moderately contaminated by cadmium. According to some published reports, the average content of cadmium in some agricultural products and soils of Iran was found to be above the FAO/WHO guidelines. Abiotic stresses including cadmium stress can lead to overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) causing progressive oxidative damage and ultimately cell death. In order to reduce cadmium-induced toxicity and alleviate some adverse effects of this metal on plants, a number of strategies including phytoremediation have been developed. Meanwhile, it was found that application of some elements such as calcium could diminish adverse effects of heavy metals in plants. In addition to calcium, selenium due to its potential in mitigation of cadmium toxicity has gained increased attention in recent decades. Selenium, as an antioxidant, plays an important role in the maintenance of human health, and on the other hand, many ...
A Comparative Study of Metallothionein Gene Expression in Peripheral Lymphocytes and Blood Cadmium Level among Die Casting Male Workers
TY - JOUR. T1 - Adverse effects of cadmium exposure on mouse sperm. AU - Oliveira, Helena. AU - Spanò, Marcello. AU - Santos, Conceição. AU - Pereira, Maria de Lourdes. PY - 2009/12. Y1 - 2009/12. N2 - The effects of cadmium chloride exposure on sperm functional parameters were evaluated on eight-week-old ICR-CD1 male mice administered with a single s.c. injection of 1, 2 and 3 mg CdCl2/kg bw. Groups of animals treated with each dose, as well as their respective controls, were sacrificed after 24 h to detect short-term (acute) effects and after 35 days. Sperm cells were collected from the epididymis and several parameters of sperm quality and function were evaluated, namely density, morphology, motility, viability, mitochondrial function, acrosome integrity, together with DNA fragmentation assessed by the TUNEL assay. The short-term effects of cadmium chloride resulted in an increased fraction of sperm with abnormal morphology, premature acrosome reaction and reduced motility. Late term ...
A significant reduction of kallikrein activity in urine (assayed by its amidolytic activity) was found in 64 normotensive workers who had been exposed to cadmium for 11 years on average and whose cadmium concentrations in urine ranged from 2.2 to 33.1 micrograms/g creatinine. The mean (geometric) urinary kallikrein activity (in U/g creatinine) amounted to 0.52 (range 0.11-1.90) in the control group (n = 193) against 0.39 (range 0.10-1.03) in the cadmium group, and the prevalence of abnormally low activity levels (less than or equal to 0.20 U/g creatinine) amounted to 17.2% in the cadmium group against 5.2% in the control group. A reduction of aldosterone release (aldosterone in urine) associated with an increased natriuresis was also observed. This might constitute a compensatory mechanism maintaining blood pressure in the normal range. These biological effects of cadmium were not reversible after removal from exposure. This study indicates that cadmium can induce an irreversible toxic effect in ...
Tan HW, Xu YM, Wu DD, Lau AT. Recent insights into human bronchial proteomics - how are we progressing and what is next? Expert review of proteomics . 2017. doi: 10.1080/14789450.2017.1417847. PubMed PMID: 29260600.. • Huang SJ, Xu YM, Lau AT. Electronic cigarette: A recent update of its toxic effects on humans. J Cell Physiol. 2017. doi: 10.1002/jcp.26352. PubMed PMID: 29215738.. • Zheng W, Xu YM, Wu DD, Yao Y, Liang ZL, Tan HW, Lau AT. Acute and chronic cadmium telluride quantum dots-exposed human bronchial epithelial cells: The effects of particle sizes on their cytotoxicity and carcinogenicity. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017; 495(1):899-903. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.11.074. PubMed PMID: 29137979.. • Xu YM, Yu FY, Lau AT. Discovering Epimodifications of the Genome, Transcriptome, Proteome, and Metabolome: the Quest for Conquering the Uncharted Epi(c) Territories. Current Pharmacology Reports. 2017;3(5):286-93. doi: 10.1007/s40495-017-0103-4.. • Cai NL, Lau AT, Yu FY, Wu DD, Dai LJ, ...
The cadmium (Cd) contaminated rice fields in Mae Sot District, Tak Province, Thailand has been one of the major environmental problems in Thailand for the last 10 years. We used disability adjusted life years (DALYs) to estimate the burden of disease attributable to Cd in terms of additional DALYs of Mae Sot residents. Cd exposure data included Cd and β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) in urine (as an internal exposure dose) and estimated cadmium daily intake (as an external exposure dose). Compared to the general Thai population, Mae Sot residents gained 10%-86% DALYs from nephrosis/nephritis, heart diseases, osteoporosis and cancer depending on their Cd exposure type and exposure level. The results for urinary Cd and dietary Cd intake varied according to the studies used for risk estimation. The ceiling effect was observed in results using dietary Cd intake because of the high Cd content in rice grown in the Mae Sot area. The results from β2-MG were more robust with additional DALYs ranging from 36%-86%
This blood test measures selenium levels. Selenium is an essential trace element. It is widely recognized as a key nutrient in cancer prevention and is a crucial cofactor for the conversion of T4 to T3 in healthy thyroid function. Selenium protects genes from inflammatory disease processes such as dementia, stroke, heart disease, diabetes and asthma. Selenium plays a crucial role by helping the body detoxify naturally from heavy metals such as cadmium. Cigarettes are a significant source of cadmium exposure worldwide. Cadmium has been found in toxic levels in fertilizers, pesticides and PVC plastics. Cadmium toxicity affects the lungs, brain, kidneys and bones and may lead to problems such as fatigue, confusion, depression and cardiac arrhythmias.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of maternal dietary exposure to cadmium during pregnancy on mammary cancer risk among female offspring. AU - Davis, Jennifer. AU - Khan, Galam. AU - Martin, Mary. AU - Hilakivi-Clarke, Leena. PY - 2013/1/1. Y1 - 2013/1/1. N2 - Background: Since heavy metal cadmium is an endocrine disrupting chemical, we investigated whether maternal exposure to cadmium during the pregnancy alters mammary tumorigenesis among female offspring. Methods: From gestation day 10 to day 19, pregnant rat dams were fed modified American Institute of Nutrition (AIN93G) diet containing 39% energy from fat (baseline diet), or the baseline diet containing moderate (75 μg/kg of feed) or high (150 μg/kg) cadmium levels. Some dams were injected with 10 μg 17β-estradiol (E2) daily between gestation days 10 and 19. Results: Rats exposed to a moderate cadmium dose in utero were heavier and exhibited accelerated puberty onset. Both moderate and high cadmium dose led to increased circulating testosterone ...
In studies with mouse and rat, effects on development were observed after oral and inhalatory exposure to cadmium compounds. Neurobehavioural changes were reported in the absence of maternal toxicity but the robustness of these observations was not sufficient to derive an appropriate NOAEL. It is suggested that further studies are needed to better document the possible effects of cadmium on the developing brain (ECB, 2007). No clear evidence indicates that cadmium has adverse effects on the development of offprings from women exposed indirectly via the environment or occupationally. Effects on birth weight, motor and perceptual abilities of offsprings have been reported by some authors. However, these studies suffer from drawbacks either in the definition of the study postulation, the definition of the effects, or in the assessment of exposure. Moreover, it is not clear whether the effects on psychomotor development were related to cadmium or to a simultaneous exposure to other substances such ...
This report contains market size and forecasts of Cadmium Chloride in global, including the following market information: Global Cadmium Chloride Market Revenue, 2016-2021, 2022-2027, ($ millions) Glo...
The accumulation of cadmium in plants cause a variety of physiological, biochemical and structural changes, while selenium that is often used in the process of biofortification of plants can significantly change the plants response to cadmium treatment. The main aim of this study was to determine the effect of cadmium on antioxidant enzyme gene expression in the roots and shoots of two varieties of wheat (Divana and Srpanjka) seedlings enriched with selenium. Enzymes that were observed in this study were glutathione S-transferase, Cu, Zn-Superoxid-Dismutase and catalase The effect of cadmium on antioxidant enzyme gene expression depended on the type of cultivar and the type of plant organ (root or shoot). Cadmium treatment affected the expression of glutathione S-transferase the most.The effect of cadmium on decrease in antioxidant enzyme gene expression was much more visible in the roots than in the shoots. Variety Divana was shown to be more sensitive to cadmium treatment than variety Srpanjka ...
Cadmium is a carcinogenic heavy metal. Urinary levels of cadmium are considered to be an indicator of long-term body burden, as cadmium accumulates in the kidneys and has a half-life of at least 10 years. However, the temporal stability of the biomarker in urine samples from a non-occupationally exposed population has not been rigorously established. We used repeated measurements of urinary cadmium (U-Cd) in spot urine samples and first morning voids from two separate cohorts, to assess the temporal stability of the samples.
Journal of Toxicology is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies in all areas of toxicological sciences. The journal will consider articles looking at the structure, function, and mechanism of agents that are toxic to humans and/or animals, as well as toxicological medicine, risk assessment, safety evaluation, and environmental health.
On the potential exposure to toxic levels of cadmium: I was surprised to learn that one serving (46g) of sunflower seeds contains 23.9 ug (212 nanomoles) of cadmium (ref). The concentrated metal stocks we use for Maxpar labeling are 50 mM. If I did the math correctly, one serving of sunflower seeds contains the same amount of cadmium as 4.3 uL of a 50 mM cadmium stock. Admittedly, the cadmium in sunflower seeds could be much less bioavailable than a cadmium salt solution, but I just want to make the point that were not handling very high levels of metal in a typical CyTOF workflow ...
The aim of this report was to estimate impacts of cadmium in phosphorus fertilizers on a cadmium content and cadmium balance of the cultivated soil, and to assess related human health and environmental risks under Finnish conditions. The assessment was performed by applying, as appropriate, the EU principles on risk assessment of New and Existing Substances, and the guidance document prepared by Environmental Resources Management Limited for the risk assessment of cadmium in fertilizers. The work was carried out on the basis of the available literature and other information relating to the occurrence of cadmium in the environment in Finland, harmful environmental influences of cadmium, as well as its adverse health effects ...
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In this large population-based prospective cohort of postmenopausal women, estimated dietary cadmium was associated with an increased breast cancer incidence. Results by ER subtype were fairly similar, although not statistically significant for ER−. The associations were more pronounced when taking the consumption of whole grain and vegetables into account, foods that account for about 40% of the dietary cadmium exposure, but that are also important sources of phytochemicals with proposed anticarcinogenic properties.. We undertook several steps in the analysis to reveal the possible estrogenic effects of cadmium. First, we restricted the analysis to include only postmenopausal women to avoid the effect of ovary-produced estrogens. Second, because estrogen is mainly produced in adipose tissue after menopause and estrogen-related exposures such as BMI are associated specifically with ER+ tumors (42-44), the analysis was stratified by BMI. This stratification revealed a slight increase in point ...
Cadmium is a kind of metal, which is naturally found as a compound with other elements. There are many uses of cadmium, such as batteries, cigarette smoke, pigments, metal coatings, plastics, and appears a lot in industrial waste. The consequences of u...
Exposure levels and exposure sources. Among subjects in this study, age, sex, smoking, and locality were sources of U-Cd variability. A comparison of observed U-Cd data from males and females who never smoked in the 20- to 39-year-old and 40- to 59-year-old groups in Mae Sot with respective counterparts in Bangkok indicated overall Cd exposure levels in Mae Sot to be 3- to 3.8-times greater than in Bangkok. Evidence supporting diet as a major source of high Cd exposures in Mae Sot comes from a previous report indicating that Cd levels in most staple food (rice) samples from Mae Sot were above the permissible limit of 0.2 mg/kg (Swaddiwudhipong et al. 2007). In another report, Cd content in 524 rice samples was 0.05-7.7 mg/kg, with over 90% of samples , 0.2 mg/kg (Simmons et al. 2005). Further, U-Cd levels were higher among persons who consumed locally grown rice compared with those who consumed rice purchased from other areas (Swaddiwudhipong et al. 2007). U-Cd levels were also higher in Mae Sot ...
Since cadmium compounds are often found in association with zinc ores, cadmium oxide is a common by-product of zinc refining.[15] It is produced by burning elemental cadmium in air. Pyrolysis of other cadmium compounds, such as the nitrate or the carbonate, also affords this oxide. When pure, it is red, but CdO is unusual in being available in many differing colours due to its tendency to form defect structures resulting from anion vacancies.[16] Cadmium oxide is prepared commercially by oxidizing cadmium vapor in air.[17] ...
The refreshed Cadmium Management Strategy explains how and why cadmium will be managed in the future. It describes governance, research, monitoring, management, and education activities. Together, these can lower cadmium in food, soils, and fertiliser. The strategy has been developed to minimise risks of cadmium to the environment and human health.. Tiered Fertiliser Management System for Soil Cadmium (2019) [PDF, 2.5 MB ...
Metallic Salts | Metallic Oxides - Offering metallic salts and metallic oxides like cadmium nitrate, cadmium carbonate, cadmium citrate, cobalt sulphate monohydrate, cobalt sulphate heptahydrate, nickel acetate tetrahydrate, nickel ammonium sulphate, nickel nitrate hexahydrate, nickel oxide, stannous oxalate and cobalt carbonate hydrate.
Results of an epidemiologic study show significantly increased mortality due to total malignancies, lung cancer, and prostatic cancer among cadmium (7440439) smelter workers. The findings of previous occupational studies are confirmed, and cadmium exposure is strongly implicated as a cause of certain types of malignant disease. In light of the ubiquitous nature of cadmium in the environment, furth
Sigma-Aldrich offers Aldrich-202908, Cadmium chloride for your research needs. Find product specific information including CAS, MSDS, protocols and references.
Page contains details about cadmium chloride nanocrystals . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles :
Cadmium (Cd), is a silvery white coloured heavy metal. Resistant to corrosion and abrasion, it is a common carcinogenic chemical with a soft texture that is extremely elastic. It is non-degradable and therefore poses an environmental hazard when discarded as industrial waste. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classifies cadmium and its compounds as Group 1 of carcinogen for humans.[1] When inhaled, cadmium is eliminated from the human body via urine. However, the amount of cadmium excreted daily in this manner is very small.
According to theWorld Health Organization, in 2015, the Serbian population ranked among the highest ones in Europe in terms of smoking habit: 44.3%males and 36.2%females aged 18-64 smoked tobacco. In the last 7 years, 25%of total mortality inmen and 9%in women from Serbia were associated with smoking. Tobacco smoking is one of the most important sources of exposure to many toxic substances in general population. Our study confirmed higher blood levels of two toxic metals, cadmium and lead, in the blood of smokers (3.5 and 1.5 times higher than in non-smokers, respectively). Furthermore, smoking habits, such as number of smoked cigarettes per day, smoking period and cigarette type, along with age, were shown to influence these metals blood concentration. Higher blood levels of Cd and Pb were found in smokers consuming more than 10 cigarettes per day for more than 10 years. The present study also highlighted the importance of the controlled tobacco production, since it was shown that ...
Abstract: Cadmium is very toxic metal for living organisms. It has adverse effects on living organisms mostly is disturb the activities for cells, tissues,...
Cadmium (Cd) Physical character: Atomic Weight: 112.41 Electronegative: 1.4-1.69 Density: ρ=2.0 g/cm3 Melting Point: mp: 320.9 ℃ Boiling Point: bp: 765 ℃ Specification: High Purity Cadmium: Cd-05 Grade 99.999. The content of Cadmium is above...
CADMIUM METALLICUM(Cadmium)MENTAL SYMPTOMS OR CADMIUM pathogenesis METALLICUM1 - () Hypersensitive, irritable. 0 indifferent, and does not want to see anyone.2 Memory weakened.
Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental toxicant of continuing public health concern worldwide, because total diet studies have shown that Cd is present in virtually all foodstuffs. Consequently, foods that are frequently consumed in large quantities, such as rice, potatoes, wheat, leafy salad vegetables, and other cereal crops, are the most significant dietary Cd sources. Moreover, Cd has chemical propensities that confer the potential to interfere with the physiological functions of calcium and zinc. Evidence of a wide range of diverse, toxic effects of Cd is increasingly apparent. In this collection, environmental Cd exposure is linked to an increased risk of chronic kidney disease that is known to be a cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Cd is also implicated in an early onset of menarche and deaths from cancer, especially in the uterus, kidney, and urinary tract. Moreover, Cd-induced kidney injury is replicated in Sprague Dawley rats, as is Cd-induced periodontal disease. Experimental ...
Although welding is an industrial process with well-known health effects, the effects of heavy metal exposure on the respiratory system during welding are largely unknown. In this study, we...
37ml Tube of Winsor and newton Griffin Alkyd Cadmium Orange Hue Cadmium Orange Hue is composed of several pigments closely resembling genuine Cadmium
Cadmium bromide tetrahydrate 13464-92-1 NMR spectrum, Cadmium bromide tetrahydrate H-NMR spectral analysis, Cadmium bromide tetrahydrate C-NMR spectral analysis ect.
Exposure to the harmful metal, which can cause illness and cancer in cases of chronic contact, can be more easily monitored by workers and supervisors with a new OSHA online endeavor.
M. Cd concentration was expressed as mg?g21 wet weight tissue.Determination of H2O2 contentFrozen gill segments (0.1 g) were homogenized in a 1:9 (w/v) 50 mM pH
Cadmium poisoning is a very serious health issue that often goes undiagnosed; its somewhat generic symptoms include things like chronic anxiety, stomach pains, kidney damage and even death. But a cohort of scientific literature reveals that regular supplementation with high-dose vitamin C combined with a healthy diet may help block the absorption of cadmium, and potentially even accelerate its natural detoxification from the body. ...
Cadmium Yellow Deep is a warm yellow opaque pigment. It is a genuine single pigment colour with excellent tinting qualities. A by-product of the zinc industry, Cadmium was discovered in 1817.. ...
"GP Cadmium Poisoning Case". Globalization Monitor. 9 October 2012. Liu, Chenyan (14 December 2006). "Cadmium poisoned workers ... over suspected cadmium poisoning. On 24 August 2010, over a hundred workers protested outside GP's factory in Huizhou. GP had ... Workers at GP factories have been routinely exposed to Cadmium dust, an extremely toxic chemical used in the manufacture of ... promised compensation to workers affected by poisoning but severely reduced the negotiated amount offering a "take it or leave ...
Mitsui Mining began to discharge cadmium into the Jinzū River in 1910. The cadmium poisoned the river, thus poisoning locals' ... The cause of itai-itai disease was determined to be cadmium poisoning in the drinking water from the Jinzū River basin. The ... "Japan Call Mercury-Poisoned Bay Safe Now". New York Times. Retrieved 6 November 2013. "VII. Rediscovery of the Minamata disease ... This meant that they had to ensure the poisoned land was returned to a safe and cultivable state. The first report of Minamata ...
The metals in the beads put fish and other marine lifeforms at risk for lead and cadmium poisoning. Exposure to these metals in ... Eating seafood contaminated with lead and cadmium puts people at risk for poisoning. Beads also can get tangled in trees during ... Cadmium has been shown to be carcinogenic due to interactions with DNA topoisomerase IIα. This enzyme helps facilitate cell ... Lead, cadmium, and other elements have been detected in beads in extremely high amounts through various analytical techniques. ...
Cadmium is a metal byproduct of mining that is toxic to most organisms. Recent animal studies have shown that cadmium poisoning ... Cadmium (Cd) poisoning can also cause softening of the bones and kidney failure. Effective treatments involve the use of ... Itai-itai disease (イタイイタイ病, itai-itai byō, "it hurts-it hurts disease") was the name given to the mass cadmium poisoning of ... Because of this, cadmium is a regular by-product of the zinc ore mining process. Up until 1948, cadmium was discarded as waste ...
It is believed that over 500 cases of cadmium poisoning have occurred in Onsan. Comparisons have been drawn with the Itai-itai ... which caused similar symptoms and was caused by cadmium poisoning from the mining industry in the Toyama prefecture in Japan. ... group of symptoms was termed Onsan illness as a root cause was initially unknown and later thought to be cadmium poisoning. ... While the government maintained their position that poisoning is not the cause of this illness, it did admit to high pollution ...
... inadequate management and regulation of zinc mining has resulted in widespread cadmium poisoning. Wang Jingfeng (March 1, 2013 ...
Lead and cadmium: lead and cadmium poisoning can lead to gastrointestinal, kidney, and neurological dysfunction. The use of ... Either ingestion or faulty metabolic pathways can lead to metal poisoning. Sources of toxic metals include cadmium from tobacco ... Toxic metal poisoning is usually treated with some type of chelating agent. Heavy metal poisoning, e.g., Hg, Cd, Pb, are ... Mercury poisoning can lead to neurological disease and kidney failure if left untreated. Iron: iron toxicity, iron poisoning, ...
The company was responsible for cadmium poisoning on Tsushima Island in the late twentieth century. The company is Japan's ...
It is also used to treat some other gastro-intestinal diseases like shigellosis and cadmium poisoning. The mechanism of action ... Bismuth poisoning can occur and has according to some reports been common in relatively recent times. As with lead, bismuth ... In addition to being a replacement for several cadmium yellows, it also serves as a non-toxic visual replacement for the older ... Poisoning may be treated with dimercaprol; however, evidence for benefit is unclear. Bismuth's environmental impacts are not ...
Octopus heads are high in selenium and are a risk for cadmium poisoning, even in small amounts. In 2010, over 29 mg of cadmium- ... "Poisonous Cadmium Found in Octopus Heads". Arirang News. September 13, 2010. Media related to Octopus as food at Wikimedia ...
Brazing and soldering can also cause metal poisoning due to exposure to lead, zinc, copper, or cadmium.[5] In extreme cases, ... "Cadmium and you - working with Cadmium - are you at risk?" (PDF). Health and Safety Executive. 2010.. ... Zinc or nickel plating can be used instead of cadmium plating, and brazing filler alloys now rarely contain cadmium.[citation ... 2018 Annual Report of the American Association of Poison Control Centers' National Poison Data System (NPDS): 36th Annual ...
... announced the cause of Itai-itai disease as cadmium poisoning. Itai-itai disease (meaning "ouch ouch" disease in Japanese), was ...
June - McDonald's recalled the Shrek Forever After drinking glasses due to risks of cadmium poisoning from the glass' paint. ... Worldwide: June 2007: The Thomas and Friends Wooden Railway toys were recalled due to risks of lead poisoning from the paint ... USA (1986): 1986 Excedrin Tampering A few bottles of Excedrin were poisoned with cyanide. 2 people died, and 1 recovered in the ... Food portal Contamination control Duty to warn FDA Recall Classification Levels Lead poisoning Toy safety Track and trace ...
... "cadmium sheets" (also a "poison") on November 11, 1960, two months before the accident. Corrective actions to the flaking off ... In the case of an ejected control assembly or poison, it is possible for the reactor to become critical on the prompt neutrons ... In the operating SL-1 core, Rods Number 2, 4, 6, and 8 were dummy rods, had cadmium shims after November 11, 1960, or were ... thick cadmium, clad with 80 mils (2.0 mm) of aluminum. They had an overall span of 14 inches (36 cm) and an effective length of ...
... can lead to cadmium poisoning and liver problems. One roost near a phosphate drier was abandoned, and one Christmas Island ... and phosphate mining and resultant cadmium poisoning. If the population trend is maintained, Christmas Island flying foxes are ... Phosphate mining sends dust into the vicinity, which may contain traces of cadmium and suppress plant growth. Ingestion of ... flying fox liver was found to contain 0.69 mg/kg cadmium, which is higher than the 0.06-0.48 mg observed in various lab and ...
... can lead to cadmium poisoning. Pastel artists, who use the pigments without a strong painting binder, are especially ... susceptible to such poisoning. For this reason, many modern pastels are made using substitutions for cadmium, chromium, and ... For example, exposure to cadmium pigments, which are common and popular bright yellows, oranges, and reds, ...
AAS is useful in cases of suspected heavy metal poisoning such as with arsenic, lead, mercury, and cadmium. The concentration ... During poisoning investigations, the detection of specific poisons can give detectives an idea of what to look for when they ... For example, carbon monoxide poisoning would result in bright red blood while death from hydrogen sulfide poisoning would cause ... GC-MS can be used in investigations of arson, poisoning, and explosions to determine exactly what was used. In theory, GC-MS ...
Because of its heavy industry, Stolberg has become associated with diseases of metal poisoning, literally "Gressenich cadmium ...
However, pollution by heavy metals, such as cadmium in irrigation water, has resulted in the poisoning of many acres of ... Liu Hongqiao (1 March 2013). "The Poison Eaters of Gansu Province: Pollution is not a problem some western farmers can choose ...
Cadmium poisoning from industrial waste in Toyama Prefecture was discovered to be the cause of the extremely painful itai-itai ... One of the earliest cases was the copper poisoning caused by drainage from the Ashio Copper Mine in Tochigi Prefecture, ... In the early 1970s, chronic arsenic poisoning attributed to dust from arsenic mines occurred in Shimane and Miyazaki ... disease (イタイイタイ病, Itai itai byō, "ouch ouch sickness"). People in Minamata City in Kumamoto Prefecture were poisoned by ...
Other metals, such as cadmium, mercury, and lead, are highly poisonous. Potential sources of metal poisoning include mining, ... stable cadmium-110 nuclei are successively bombarded by free neutrons inside a star until they form cadmium-115 nuclei which ... Such metals include zinc, cadmium, tin, antimony (here counted as a metal), lead, and bismuth, some of which are quite toxic. ... They include, for example, NaCd2, with 348 sodium atoms and 768 cadmium atoms in the unit cell. Linus Pauling attempted to ...
1912 Itai-itai disease, due to cadmium poisoning in Japan 1948 Donora smog 1952 The Great Smog in London 1970 Ontario Minamata ... mercury poisoning in Japan Release of cyanide, heavy metals and acid into the Alamosa River, Colorado from the Summitville mine ... when toxic Cadmium contaminated the Guangxi Longjiang river (龙江河) and water supply. 2015 Shenzhen landslide China, a landslide ... mercury poisoning in Japan Mercury in fish Ocean acidification due to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions Industrial waste ...
Long-term anticonvulsant therapy Celiac disease Cadmium poisoning, itai-itai disease Biochemical features are similar to those ...
Foster Kennedy syndrome Cadmium poisoning Smoking Neurotropic virus Schizophrenia Pernicious anemia Zinc deficiency Bell's ... Rose CS, Heywood PG, Costanzo RM (June 1992). "Olfactory impairment after chronic occupational cadmium exposure". Journal of ... Rydzewski B, Sułkowski W, Miarzyńska M (1998). "Olfactory disorders induced by cadmium exposure: a clinical study". ... methacrylates and cadmium) Old age Kallmann syndrome Primary ciliary dyskinesia Post-perfusion syndrome Laryngectomy with ...
... and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs Bush regeneration Bushmeat Buy Nothing Day By-catch Cadmium poisoning ... Pest control Pesticide Pesticide misuse Pesticide poisoning Pesticide side effects Pesticide toxicity to bees Pesticides Phagy ... trust Land use Land use forecasting Landfill Law of the Rights of Mother Earth Le Peuple Migrateur Lead paint Lead poisoning ...
768, 771, 774 Neathery MW, Miller WJ (December 1975). "Metabolism and toxicity of cadmium, mercury, and lead in animals: a ... People who survive acute poisoning often go on to display symptoms of chronic poisoning. Chronic poisoning usually presents ... 2008). "The symptoms and treatment of industrial poisoning". Industrial Poisoning from Fumes, Gases, and Poisons of ... Lead poisoning, also known as plumbism and saturnism, is a type of metal poisoning caused by lead in the body. The brain is the ...
Neathery, M.W.; Miller, W.J. (1 December 1975). "Metabolism and toxicity of cadmium, mercury, and lead in animals: a review". ... 2008). "The symptoms and treatment of industrial poisoning". Industrial Poisoning from Fumes, Gases, and Poisons of ... Lead poisoning in a pet dog may indicate that children in the same household are at increased risk for elevated lead levels. ... Animal lead poisoning (also known as avian plumbism, or avian saturnism for birds) is a veterinary condition and pathology ...
It is also carcinogen and dangerous for the skin, eyes and other organs in a large part due to cadmium poisoning. "Cadmium ... Cadmium phosphide can be prepared by the reaction of cadmium with phosphorus: 3 Cd + 2 P → Cd3P2 Cd3P2 has a room-temperature ... The crystalline structure of cadmium phosphide is very similar to that of zinc phosphide (Zn3P2), cadmium arsenide (Cd3As2) and ... Cadmium phosphide (Cd3P2) is an inorganic chemical compound. It is a grey or white bluish solid semiconductor material with a ...
Cadmium is used in nickel-cadmium batteries; these are some of the most popular and most common cadmium-based products. In ... cadmium concentrations may be useful in fatalities resulting from either acute or chronic poisoning. Cadmium concentrations in ... Cadmium poisoning in postmenopausal women may result in an increased risk for osteoporosis. Current research has pointed to ... Any person with cadmium poisoning must seek immediate medical attention. For a single exposure by ingestion, gastric ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... The high radioactivity of lawrencium would make it highly toxic to living cells, causing radiation poisoning. The same is true ... The radioactivity of the actinides generally makes them highly toxic to living cells, causing radiation poisoning. ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... and poisons the central nervous system,[219] which is dangerous as the required dosage of lithium to treat bipolar disorder is ... cadmium, tin, and tungsten, but is much less abundant than rubidium.[57] ... "The Place of Zinc, Cadmium, and Mercury in the Periodic Table" (PDF). Journal of Chemical Education. American Chemical Society ...
arsenic poisoning Nickel Nickel is an essential component of several enzymes, including urease and hydrogenase.[39] Although ... and cadmium have specialized biochemical uses in certain lower organisms, but these elements appear not to be utilized by ... Cobalt poisoning * One serving of seaweed exceeds the U.S. Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) of 1100 μg but not the 3000 μg UL ... Fluoride poisoning Boron Boron is an essential plant nutrient, required primarily for maintaining the integrity of cell walls.[ ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... Niobium and its compounds are thought to be slightly toxic, but niobium poisoning is not known to have occurred. Niobium dust ...
Environmental hazard due to Cadmium - use now virtually prohibited in Europe. Lead-acid. 2.1. 140. Moderately expensive. ... " 3 March 2010. Archived from the original on 16 August 2013. Retrieved 26 July 2013.. ... Nickel-cadmium chemistry.. Inexpensive. High-/low-drain, moderate energy density. Can withstand very high discharge rates with ... Cells of this type (in order of increasing power density and cost) include nickel-cadmium (NiCd), nickel-zinc (NiZn), nickel ...
Mercury and cadmiumEdit. Some button cells contain mercury or cadmium, which are toxic. In early 2013 the European Parliament ... " Retrieved 2018-06-30.. *^ a b c Litovitz, Toby; Whitaker, Nicole; Clark, Lynn; White, Nicole C.; Marsolek, ... " Retrieved 2018-06-30.. *^ Litovitz, Toby; Whitaker, Nicole; Clark, Lynn (2010-06-01). "Preventing Battery ... US-based National Capital Poison Center (Poison Control) updated its triage and treatment guideline for button battery ...
Poisoning by drugs, medicaments and biological substances. Hidden categories: *Infobox medical condition (new) ...
Main articles: Health effects of chocolate and Theobromine poisoning. Chocolate may be a factor for heartburn in some people ... Villa, Javier E. L.; Peixoto, Rafaella R. A.; Cadore, Solange (2014). "Cadmium and Lead in Chocolates Commercialized in Brazil ... Theobromine poisoning is an overdosage reaction to the bitter alkaloid, which happens more frequently in domestic animals than ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... 2 around the patient and, when needed, the medical staff.[90] Carbon monoxide poisoning, gas gangrene, and decompression ... "Oxygen Poisoning in Man: Part I". Br Med J. 1 (4506): 667-72. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.4506.667. PMC 2053251. PMID 20248086 ... "Oxygen Poisoning in Man: Part II". Br Med J. 1 (4507): 712-7. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.4507.712. PMC 2053400. PMID 20248096 ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... 2 around the patient and, when needed, the medical staff.[90] Carbon monoxide poisoning, gas gangrene, and decompression ... "Oxygen Poisoning in Man: Part I". Br Med J. 1 (4506): 667-72. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.4506.667. PMC 2053251. PMID 20248086 ... "Oxygen Poisoning in Man: Part II". Br Med J. 1 (4507): 712-7. doi:10.1136/bmj.1.4507.712. PMC 2053400. PMID 20248096 ...
... cadmium, carbon and hydrogen. ...
"Stop Lead Poisoning in Children". World Health Organization. 2013.. *. "Ten Chemicals of Major Public Health Concern". World ... "McDonald's Recall: 'Shrek' Glasses Contain Toxic Metal Cadmium". Huffington Post.. *. National Research Council (U.S.). ... "National Capital Poison Center. 2010.. *. Chowdhury BA, Chandra RK (1987). "Biological and health implications of toxic heavy ... "Heavy Metal Poisoning". National Organization for Rare Disorders. 2015. Diakses tanggal 11 February 2016.. ...
Cadmium pigments: cadmium yellow, cadmium red, cadmium green, cadmium orange, cadmium sulfoselenide ... Poisons and Pigments: A Talk with Art Historian Elisabeth Berry-Drago on YouTube, Chemical Heritage Foundation ... Some inorganic pigments, such as vermilion (mercury sulfide) or cadmium yellow (cadmium sulfide), absorb light by transferring ... including cadmium reds. Although genuine Vermilion paint can still be purchased for fine arts and art conservation applications ...
... can lead to cadmium poisoning. Pastel artists, who use the pigments without a strong painting binder, are especially ... susceptible to such poisoning. For this reason, many modern pastels are made using substitutions for cadmium, chromium, and ... For example, exposure to cadmium pigments, which are common and popular bright yellows, oranges, and reds, ...
In March 2009, the issue of Uranium poisoning in Punjab attracted press coverage. It was alleged to be caused by fly ash ponds ... To date, the first ten of fifty-five contaminant SGVs have been published, for the following: arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead ...
Main article: Carbon monoxide poisoning. Carbon monoxide poisoning is the most common type of fatal air poisoning in many ... Cadmium oxide (CdO). *Calcium oxide (CaO). *Carbon monoxide (CO). *Chromium(II) oxide (CrO) ... The most common symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning may resemble other types of poisonings and infections, including symptoms ... The American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) reported 15,769 cases of carbon monoxide poisoning resulting in 39 ...
... cadmium, nickel, arsenic, tobacco-specific nitrosamines, and phenols contribute to the harmful effects of smoking.[87] ... a form of nicotine poisoning. When wet leaves are handled, nicotine from the leaves gets absorbed in the skin and causes nausea ...
Drolet, R; Arendt, TD; Stowe, CM (1984). "Cacao bean shell poisoning in a dog". Journal of the American Veterinary Medical ... Villa, Javier E. L.; Peixoto, Rafaella R. A.; Cadore, Solange (2014). "Cadmium and Lead in Chocolates Commercialized in Brazil ... 2007). "Toxic effects of metals". Casarett and Doull's Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons (7th ed.). McGraw-Hill ... Blakemore, F; Shearer, GD (1943). "The poisoning of livestock by cacao products". Veterinary Record. 55 (15): 165. ...
Hamblin, Jacob Darwin (2008) Poison in the Well: Radioactive Waste in the Oceans at the Dawn of the Nuclear Age. Rutgers ... Silvestre, F. et al. (2004). "Uptake of cadmium through isolated perfused gills of the Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis ...
Gelani, S; M. Morano (1980). "Congenital abnormalities in nickel poisoning in chick embryos". Archives of Environmental ... metal hydride batteries-the type currently used in hybrids-are much lower than batteries like lead acid or nickel cadmium ...
Cadmium. Indium. Tin. Antimony. Tellurium. Iodine. Xenon. Caesium. Barium. Lanthanum. Cerium. Praseodymium. Neodymium. ... Wright, I. H.; Vesey, C. J. (1986). "Acute poisoning with gold cyanide". Anaesthesia. 41 (79): 936-939. doi:10.1111/j.1365- ... 2001). "Cholestatic Hepatitis Caused by Acute Gold Potassium Cyanide Poisoning". Clinical Toxicology. 39 (7): 739-743. doi: ...
Cadmium catalyzes the transformation of vitamin C into oxalic acid. This can be a problem for people exposed to high levels of ... may result in kidney disease or even death due to oxalate poisoning. The New England Journal of Medicine reported acute oxalate ... cadmium in their diets, in the workplace, or through smoking. In studies with rats, calcium supplements given along with foods ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... Thus it is a neutron poison: instead of rapidly decaying to the useful 233U, a significant amount of 233Pa converts to 234U and ... "The Place of Zinc, Cadmium, and Mercury in the Periodic Table" (PDF). Journal of Chemical Education. 80 (8): 952-961. Bibcode ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... Parenterally admistered colloidal silver causes acute silver poisoning.[124] Some waterborne species are particularly sensitive ... Most other binary alloys are of little use: for example, silver-gold alloys are too soft and silver-cadmium alloys too toxic. ... The primary decay products before 107Ag are palladium (element 46) isotopes, and the primary products after are cadmium ( ...
... being a mild poison itself) and a major risk of esophagitis and aspiration pneumonia if used to purge corrosive poisons. Having ... Moreover, accidental overdose of ipecac can result when administered in the home.[6] When dealing with poisoning cases in the ... Ipecac root itself is a poison, but in this diluted form, its ability to induce immediate vomiting means that the syrup is ... A 2005 review by an HRSA-funded scientific panel concluded that vomiting alone does not reliably remove poisons from the ...
Arsenic poisoning. *Dimercaprol#. *Succimer. Cyanide poisoning. *4-Dimethylaminophenol. *Hydroxocobalamin. *nitrite *Amyl ...
... has the potential to poison animals, which can then adversely affect human food supplies.[69][70] Plastic ... cadmium, and mercury. ...
Low-mineral water has been implicated in specific cases of lead poisoning in infants, when lead from pipes leached at ... water may also increase the risk from toxic metals because it more readily leaches materials from piping like lead and cadmium ... "Mysterious Glitch Poisons Town Water Supply". Wired.. *^ Miranda, M. L.; Kim, D.; Hull, A. P.; Paul, C. J.; Galeano, M. A. O ...
Kanter MZ (October 2006). "Comparison of oral and i.v. acetylcysteine in the treatment of acetaminophen poisoning". Am J Health ... and cadmium tightly.[18] ...
Cadmium is used in nickel-cadmium batteries; these are some of the most popular and most common cadmium-based products. In ... cadmium concentrations may be useful in fatalities resulting from either acute or chronic poisoning. Cadmium concentrations in ... Cadmium poisoning in postmenopausal women may result in an increased risk for osteoporosis. Current research has pointed to ... Any person with cadmium poisoning must seek immediate medical attention. For a single exposure by ingestion, gastric ...
Serum cadmium levels at delivery were measured in a consecutive sample of 100 mother-infant pairs in Egypt using venous blood ... In utero exposure to cadmium pollution in Cairo and Giza governorates of Egypt  ...
WHO Study Group on Recommended Health-Based Limits in Occupational Exposure to Heavy Metals; World Health Organization (‎Genève : Organisation mondiale de la Santé, 1980)‎ ...
... code-named Cadmium) to engage in illegal lending with Qatar at the height of the financial crisis. ... The toxic nature of the organisations corporate governance may be responsible for its own code word (Cadmium) to describe the ... The SFO dubbed its investigation "Mirror." Barclays refers to it as "Cadmium," named-perhaps ironically-after the toxic ...
... but that cadmium could cause chronic disease was not conclusively shown until the 1940s. In 1950 ... ... The fact that exposure to cadmium could cause severe acute poisoning was known in the last century, ... The fact that exposure to cadmium could cause severe acute poisoning was known in the last century, but that cadmium could ... Piscator M. (1986) The Nephropathy of Chronic Cadmium Poisoning. In: Foulkes E.C. (eds) Cadmium. Handbook of Experimental ...
Tags: anemia, Anosmia, badhealth, cadmium, cadmium exposure, cadmium poisoning, cancer risk, Emphysema, Heavy metals, kidney ...",Cadmium poisoning signs and symptoms: Are you being ... Cadmium poisoning signs and symptoms: Are you being poisoned by this heavy metal?. Wednesday, July 11, 2018 by: Earl Garcia ... some of the most harmful symptoms of cadmium poisoning include:. *Anemia - Like any other heavy metal, cadmium can lead to ...
Guangxi villagers seek government redress for suspected cadmium poisoning Government continues to dodge mounting evidence of ... Villagers of Sanhe village in Guangxi show swollen hands suspected of being caused by cadmium and other pollutants. Photo: ... Villagers of Sanhe village in Guangxi show swollen hands suspected of being caused by cadmium and other pollutants. Photo: ...
Cadmium information including symptoms, diagnosis, misdiagnosis, treatment, causes, patient stories, videos, forums, prevention ... Cadmium: *Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium *What is Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium? *Prognosis of Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium * ... Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium: Introduction. Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium: Cadmium is a chemical used mainly in batteries, ... Causes of Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium *Risk Factors for Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium *Symptoms of Chemical poisoning -- ...
Adidas battery Cadmium poisoning China Climate Change globalization GP JetPower lead poisoning Maersk Ole Wolff WTO More ... Cadmium dangers long known. This is not the first time people have been poisoned by cadmium. The problem was first documented ... Home » Environmental Justice » Heavy Metal Pollution » Cadmium Pollution. Poisoned by cadmium Hunan villagers step up protests ... Both have cadmium poisoning, but her symptoms are more serious. He has already watched his older brother, Shuzhi, die. ...
That cadmium poisoning, toxic effects of cadmium poisoning, toxic effects of cadmium poisoning, toxic effects cadmium! From ... Cadmium poisoning, toxic effects of cadmium or its compounds on body tissues and functions. Chronic cadmium poisoning from the ... The symptoms and treatment of poisoning by cadmium. CADMIUM POISONING. It is usually present in the environment as a mineral ... cadmium poisoning symptoms and. Cadmium as a key factor of the cadmium produced today is obtained from zinc and... After you ...
The study group consisted of 76 males exposed to cadmium fumes and dusts in a cadmium recovery facility (group 1) and 75 males ... group 2) and 109 males (group 3) employed at a nickel/cadmium battery factory. The group 2 subjects had a comparison group of ... Chronic renal effects in populations occupationally exposed to cadmium (7440439) were examined. ... NIOSH-Author; Heavy-metals; Occupational-exposure; Urinalysis; Cadmium-poisoning; Epidemiology; Kidney-damage; Biochemical- ...
Patient history and laboratory studies are vital for the diagnosis.… Cadmium Poisoning: Read more about Symptoms, Diagnosis, ... Acute poisoning, depending on the mode of exposure, can cause life-threatening respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms in the ... Various forms of cadmium poisoning have been documented in the literature. ... cadmium poisoning A condition associated with industrial exposure; cadmium poisoning occurred in Japan due to contamination of ...
Find out how cadmium could be slowly destroying your bones below. ... Are You At-Risk for Cadmium Poisoning?. According to studies, cadmium is present throughout most of the world. The earths ... How to Counteract Cadmium Exposure. Although there isnt much you can do to reduce your cadmium risk (aside from moving if you ... The Dangers of Cadmium. Cadmium is a potentially toxic metal, with many of the same risks as other metals. Metals like aluminum ...
Cadmium Toxicity. (Cadmium Poisoning). by Krisha McCoy, MS. Definition. Cadmium toxicity occurs when a person breathes in high ... Cadmium poisoning. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: ... Cadmium and cadmium compounds. OEHHA website. Available at: ... Anyone can develop cadmium toxicity as a result of cadmium exposure. Factors that increase your chances of being exposed to ...
Cadmium Poisoning Research. [x] Remove Focus on Cadmium Poisoning Filter by Study Type. Animal Study. ... Quercetin in combination with vitamins (C and E) improves oxidative stress and renal injury in cadmium intoxicated rats.Nov 01 ... Vitamin C and vitamin E protect the rat testes from cadmium-induced reactive oxygen species.Feb 29, 2004. ... Vitamin C and rosemary leaf extract showed ameliorative potential to reduce tissue accumulation of cadmium and associated ...
Synergistic chelation therapy or mixed ligand complexes for plutonium and cadmium poisoning? (reply) *JACK SCHUBERT ... Rights & permissionsfor article Mixed ligand chelate therapy for plutonium and cadmium poisoning . Opens in a new window. ... Rights & permissionsfor article Synergistic chelation therapy or mixed ligand complexes for plutonium and cadmium poisoning? ( ...
Cadmium chemical pneumonitis. Chest 86:789-91.. Benton DC, Andrews GS, Davies HJ, et al. 1996. Acute cadmium fume poisoning; ... external icon).The Poison Control Center may be contacted for questions about poisons and poisonings. The web site provides ... Additional sources of information on cadmium.. *American Association of Poison Control Centers (1-800-222-1222 or ... Cadmium fume inhalation and emphysema. Lancet 1(8587):663-7.. Skeletal Effects. Alfven, T., C. Elinder, et al. (2004). "Cadmium ...
Cadmium Poisoning From Hunan Factory Kills 26. by Josh Rudolph , Aug 1, 2013 ... At least 26 villagers have died from cadmium poisoning and hundreds more fallen... ... Cadmium Rice: Chinas Latest Food Scandal. by Josh Rudolph , May 21, 2013 ... in the southern province of Guangzhou released the names of rice producers whose products were found to contain cadmium, a ...
Cadmium-poisoning; Control-measures; Metal-poisoning; Chlorinated-ethanes; Cutting-fluids; Toxicology; Author Keywords: ... the fact that cadmium accumulates in the body over the years and that the long term effects of this accumulation are not well ... it has been determined that exposure of brazers to cadmium (7440439) fumes are potentially toxic at concentrations measured ... understood make it advisable to limit exposure to cadmium as much as possible. Exposures to fumes of copper (7440508), zinc ( ...
Work in or around industry that works with cadmium? There is some good news to learn from this recent monumental study, but ... For everyone, to reduce cadmium exposure to yourself and your family:. * Store products that contain cadmium (nickel-cadmium ... Certain forms of cadmium, cadmium sulfates and cadmium chlorides also dissolve extremely easily in water, so much so that ... Cadmium Poisoning, Which Can Harm Your Kidneys and Reduce Your Bone Density, Surprisingly High. © 2015 Health Realizations, Inc ...
... and cadmium accumulation in selected tissues of broiler chickens were studied. Whether the possible adverse effects of cadmium ... The effects of cadmium on performance, antioxidant defense system, liver and kidney functions, ... Cadmium / blood, pharmacokinetics. Cadmium Poisoning / metabolism*. Chickens / growth & development*, physiology*. Diet. Eating ... Cadmium ingestion did not alter serum creatinine levels. Although the serum cadmium level was not elevated, cadmium mainly ...
Higher than normal concentrations of cadmium in the liver reflect past expo ... Biochemical indicators of renal dysfunction have been compared with liver and kidney cadmium levels measured by neutron ... activation analysis in a group of 37 cadmium smelters. ... Cadmium / analysis*. Cadmium Poisoning / complications. Humans ... A small group of 6 workers exposed to cadmium for only a short time (mean = 4.6 years) had high hepatic cadmium concentrations ...
Cadmium Toxicity: People are increasingly concerned about potential environmental health hazards and often ask their physicians ... There is no effective treatment for cadmium toxicity; chelation therapy has no role in cadmium poisoning. Removal from the ... for cadmium dust, and 0.1 mg/m3 for cadmium fume (cadmium oxide). A 15-minute ceiling concentration of 0.6 mg/m3 for cadmium ... cadmium levels are increased in water stagnating in household pipes. These sources have not caused clinical cadmium poisoning, ...
Cadmium Poisoning Br Med J 1960; 1 :727 (Published 05 March 1960) ... Clostridium welchii Food-poisoning Br Med J 1960; 1 :711 (Published 05 March 1960) ...
Cadmium (Cd), chemical element, a metal of Group 12 (IIb, or zinc group) of the periodic table. atomic number 48 atomic weight ... poison: Inorganic compounds. In acute cadmium poisoning by ingestion, irritation of the gastrointestinal tract is the major ... The most important cadmium compound is cadmium oxide, CdO. It is a brown powder produced by burning cadmium vapor in air, and ... Poisoning results from the inhalation of vapour or dust of cadmium. Friedrich Stromeyer, a German chemist, discovered the ...
There is no specific antidote for acute cadmium poisoning.. *Prevention of further exposure is the most important step in ... Removal from exposure is required if the urine cadmium is greater than 15 µg/gm creatinine or whole blood cadmium is greater ... describe how patients with cadmium related diseases should be treated and. *describe how patients with cadmium related diseases ... Monitoring for Cadmium-Exposed Workers. OSHA requires a program of medical examination and biological monitoring for workers ...
HMD™, Heavy Metal Detox™, has been scientifically proven to successfully detox your body from lead, antimony, cadmium, arsenic ...
Because cadmium has been known as a bad actor for close on 200 years. Almost since it was discovered, in fact. So before we ... Once upon a time - by which I mean the 19th century - people spilled the poison arsenic into their lives with free and merry ... A high dose of the metallic poison arsenic can also bring on severe nausea and painful stomach cramps. Finally, in 1991, one of ... In an earlier post, I wrote about the possible copper poisoning of the great British poet and artist William Blake. The very ...
... of protein metabolism in experimental animals intoxicated with cadmium sulfate and its combination with other poisons, as well ... these poisons reduce the absorption of cadmium that partly can be explained by their protective effect in cadmium poisoning. ... Cadmium and its compounds are polytropic poisons influencing on many functions and systems of the body. In a number of cases, ... The administration of cadmium with the poisons mixture had no changes in figures in the experimental groups and no difference ...
... Arsenic· Juice ... Mother of Lead-poisoned children.. To learn more about my story, please watch this 2.5 minute video: link.. ... The State of Washington considers 40 ppm Cadmium to be unsafe. As a result, by current modern standards this item should not be ... For context: the amount of Cadmium (Cd) considered unsafe in a newly manufactured item today in Denmark is 75 ppm or higher. ...
  • Cadmium toxicity occurs when a person breathes in high levels of cadmium from the air, or eats food or drinks water containing high levels of cadmium. (
  • Acute poisoning, depending on the mode of exposure, can cause life-threatening respiratory or gastrointestinal symptoms in the absence of immediate supportive therapy, while chronic toxicity, mostly through occupational exposure may lead to renal failure, osteomalacia and increase the risk for cardiovascular disease. (
  • Manifestations of Cadmium toxicity may be lessened or delayed by an individualâ s protective and detoxification capacities. (
  • Anyone can develop cadmium toxicity as a result of cadmium exposure. (
  • There is no effective treatment for cadmium toxicity. (
  • On the basis of environmental and medical data, observation of work practices and available literature on the toxicity of substances used in the work areas, it has been determined that exposure of brazers to cadmium (7440439) fumes are potentially toxic at concentrations measured during the survey (up to 0.366 milligrams per cubic meter). (
  • treatment for cadmium toxicity exists. (
  • Nutritional deficiencies can increase the risk of cadmium toxicity. (
  • Cadmium Toxicity: How Should Patients Exposed to Cadmium Be Treated and Managed? (
  • Public health authorities should be notified whenever cadmium toxicity is suspected so that case-finding may be initiated and preventive measures taken. (
  • In addition, patient and worker education is vital in encouraging preventive behavior and in assisting early detection of cadmium toxicity. (
  • These data indicate that the toxicity of cadmium when isolated is greater than at its effects in combination with other poisons. (
  • Doctors can usually check for heavy metal poisoning with a simple blood test known as a heavy metals panel or heavy metal toxicity test. (
  • Cadmium (Cd) pollution is the most prominent HM pollution type because of its high toxicity, strong migration, and the large polluted area globally. (
  • Although this soluble form of cadmium may produce toxicity, overexposure to organic cadmium is generally indicative of isolated, environmental pollution. (
  • The renal toxicity of cadmium metallothionein: Morphometric and X-ray microanalytical studies. (
  • Among the heavy metal pollutants, cadmium (Cd) has become one of the most toxic heavy metals to animals and plants owing to its high mobility and toxicity. (
  • The EPA publicly states that cadmium toxicity through inhalation and oral exposure can cause developmental effects, such as low fetal weight, skeletal malformations, interference with fetal metabolism and impaired neurological development. (
  • Lately there's been a lot of focus on cadmium toxicity. (
  • Cadmium was ideal though expensive, but its possible toxicity in foods required investigation. (
  • In spite of its toxicity, cadmium was used to coat ice trays in electric refrigerators. (
  • Chapters from expert contributors cover topics such as cadmium chemical biology, membrane receptors and transporters for cadmium and cadmium complexes, and targets of cadmium toxicity. (
  • While some of the yellow vintage Tupperware brand items have tested negative (non-detect) for Lead your average consumer (you) cannot tell by simply looking which items might have Lead, Arsenic, Mercury and Cadmium and which might be free of these heavy metals. (
  • Arsenic is poison and you get all three! (
  • Consumer Reports purchased 15 protein powders and drinks and tested multiple samples of each for arsenic, cadmium, lead, and mercury. (
  • Levels in several of the products could, with just three servings a day, result in daily exposure to arsenic, cadmium, or lead exceeding USP limits. (
  • Unfortunately, some of these products turn out to be significantly contaminated with heavy metal toxins such as arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury. (
  • Of the 15 protein drinks tested, three of them contained very worrisome levels of arsenic, cadmium and lead. (
  • Arsenic and cadmium appear to be the most problematic here, as the levels of these two compounds in some cases exceeded maximum "safe" limits. (
  • Fortunately, preventing exposure to toxins like arsenic, cadmium and lead is possible by making sure you're eating as much organic foods as possible, and that includes your protein drinks. (
  • The most common types of heavy metal poisoning are caused by lead, arsenic, cadmium and mercury. (
  • Heavy metal poisoning refers to an overexposure to lead, mercury, arsenic, cadmium, chromium or other metallic elements that causes irritation or damage to the body. (
  • Acute heavy metal poisoning occurs when people are exposed to large amounts of a heavy metal at one time, such as swallowing a lead toy or ingesting a large amount of arsenic. (
  • Heavy metals (mercury, lead, cadmium, aluminium, arsenic, nickel) are a problem because bio-chemically they look very similar to essential trace elements. (
  • At this meeting, newer topics crowded to the forefront: Establishing draft Maximum Levels (MLs) for inorganic arsenic in rice, lead in fruits and vegetables, cadmium in chocolate and cocoa-derived products, and methylmercury in fish, with a Code of Practice for mycotoxin contamination in cereals and spices. (
  • Phytochelatin synthase has contrasting effects on cadmium and arsenic accumulation in rice grains. (
  • Cadmium is a naturally occurring toxic metal with common exposure in industrial workplaces, plant soils, and from smoking. (
  • Due to its low permissible exposure in humans, overexposure may occur even in situations where trace quantities of cadmium are found. (
  • Acute exposure to cadmium fumes may cause flu-like symptoms including chills, fever, and muscle ache sometimes referred to as "the cadmium blues. (
  • Similar to zinc, long-term exposure to cadmium fumes can cause life long anosmia. (
  • citation needed] Spinal and leg pain is common, and a waddling gait often develops due to bone deformities caused by the long-term cadmium exposure. (
  • Cadmium exposure is also associated with the development of kidney stones. (
  • citation needed] Smoking is a significant source of cadmium exposure. (
  • Environmental exposure to cadmium has been particularly problematic in Japan where many people have consumed rice that was grown in cadmium-contaminated irrigation water. (
  • People who live near hazardous waste sites or factories that release cadmium into the air have the potential for exposure to cadmium in air. (
  • In the 1950s and 1960s industrial exposure to cadmium was high, but as the toxic effects of cadmium became apparent, industrial limits on cadmium exposure have been reduced in most industrialized nations and many policy makers agree on the need to reduce exposure further. (
  • Barclays refers to it as "Cadmium," named-perhaps ironically-after the toxic chemical element that can produce adverse health effects following chronic exposure. (
  • The fact that exposure to cadmium could cause severe acute poisoning was known in the last century, but that cadmium could cause chronic disease was not conclusively shown until the 1940s. (
  • It was found that cadmium exposure caused proteinuria which differed from the type of proteinuria induced by uranyl salts. (
  • Since the workers were also exposed to nickel hydroxide, animals were also exposed to nickel, but the nickel exposure did not produce the same changes as cadmium exposure. (
  • Axelsson B (1963) Urinary calculus in long-term exposure to cadmium. (
  • Axelsson B, Piscator M (1966) Renal damage after prolonged exposure to cadmium. (
  • Axelsson B, Dahlgren SE, Piscator M (1968) Renal lesions in the rabbit after long-term exposure to cadmium. (
  • Anosmia - Extensive cadmium exposure is found to cause anosmia, the medical term for the loss of sense of smell. (
  • Kidney dysfunction - A study published in Nephrology and Physiology revealed that exposure to a heavy metal like cadmium may potentially trigger kidney dysfunction in people. (
  • Reduced bone mineral density - High cadmium exposure is also known to adversely affect the bone health. (
  • High prostate cancer risk - A 2008 study conducted by researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center revealed that excessive exposure to cadmium may raise the odds of developing prostate cancer. (
  • According to the research team, cadmium exposure usually comes from smoking and poor diet. (
  • The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry (ATSDR) has created a list of some of the most detrimental conditions linked to high cadmium exposure. (
  • According to the ATSDR, occupational exposure to cadmium may trigger the onset of obstructive lung disease and emphysema. (
  • Studies also show that cadmium exposure is tied to various forms of cardiovascular conditions such as increased systolic blood pressure, depressed atrial natriuretic peptide levels, increased blood aldosterone levels, and sodium and salt retention. (
  • Women who had high occupational cadmium exposure are also found to have higher rates of pre-term labor than those who had lower exposure. (
  • In addition, excessive cadmium exposure is associated with the onset of "itai-itai" or "ouch-ouch" disease in older Japanese women. (
  • Either short-term or long-term exposure to cadmium can cause serious health problems. (
  • After you ' re exposed four hours after exposure chlorine, or sulfur cadmium-polluted areas in Japan most. (
  • Chronic exposure to this heavy metal results in its progressive deposition in the kidneys leading to chronic kidney disease [2], the most important long-term consequence of chronic cadmium poisoning. (
  • Recent studies have shown that exposure to environmental toxins, specifically the heavy metal cadmium, can have a negative effect on your bones- leading to an increased risk for fractures and a reduction in bone density. (
  • Ordinarily, a person would have a low exposure risk to cadmium, because it is a metal only found in zinc and in trace amounts. (
  • Two studies from China and the United States uncovered the link between bone health and cadmium exposure. (
  • The researchers also found that the risk for developing osteoporosis in women jumped from about 30 percent in the control group, to over 50 percent in the cadmium exposure group. (
  • In 2007, researchers from the Albertson College of Idaho in the United States looked at cadmium exposure and the risk for developing bone diseases. (
  • Both of these studies show that cadmium exposure is highly detrimental to the health of your bones. (
  • 1984. Human health effects of exposure to cadmium. (
  • 2000). "Neurobehavioral effects of occupational exposure to cadmium: a cross sectional epidemiological study. (
  • 2003). "Occupational exposure to heavy metals: DNA damage induction and DNA repair inhibition prove co-exposures to cadmium, cobalt and lead as more dangerous than hitherto expected. (
  • Although exposures are sporadic, the fact that cadmium accumulates in the body over the years and that the long term effects of this accumulation are not well understood make it advisable to limit exposure to cadmium as much as possible. (
  • Smoking is a major source of cadmium exposure. (
  • More than 90 percent of people's exposure to cadmium comes from food, according to ATSDR. (
  • Cadmium is also used in manufacturing batteries, pigments, metal coatings and plastics, so living near or working in one of these facilities could increase your exposure through air or water (it's estimated that 4,000 to 13,000 tons of cadmium are released into the environment every year due to such processes). (
  • There are ways to reduce your exposure to cadmium, particularly if you work in a related industry (metal processing, electroplating, battery manufacture, ore refineries). (
  • For chronic poisoning victims, the most important intervention is prevention of further exposure. (
  • Increased medical monitoring and exposure review is required if urine cadmium is greater then 3µg/gm creatinine, or whole blood cadmium if greater than 5µg/l or urine ß 2 microglobulin is greater than 300µg/gm creatinine. (
  • Removal from exposure is required if the urine cadmium is greater than 15 µg/gm creatinine or whole blood cadmium is greater than 15 µg/l or urine ß 2 microglobulin than 1,500 µg/gm creatinine. (
  • Prevention of further exposure is the most important step in management of patients with symptoms suggestive of chronic cadmium intoxication. (
  • Keep in mind that heavy metal poisoning occurs with heavy or frequent exposure, usually over a long period of time. (
  • Occasional exposure won't lead to heavy metal poisoning. (
  • According to a publication of the US Environmental Protection Agency, the effects on human health depend on the exposure to cadmium-contaminated air you breath or food you eat. (
  • Maternal cadmium exposure can cause abnormal embryonic development by interfering with normal zinc ion metabolic activities. (
  • Chronic exposure to cadmium, even at relatively low concentrations, may result in kidney damage, anemia, pulmonary fibrosis, emphysema, perforation of the nasal septum, loss of smell, male reproductive effects, and an increased risk of cancer of the lung and of the prostate. (
  • Exposure to high levels of cadmium may cause liver and heart damage, kidney, and circulatory failure. (
  • Previously found to be contributing to infertility as well as the decline of health in children , the new study explores how dietary exposure to cadmium through 'healthy' food products like bread, cereals, and potatoes is upping your risk of cancer. (
  • According to lead researcher and associate professor Agneta Åkesson, the dietary exposure is due to the fact that cadmium is present in many fertilizers used on farms. (
  • Those with the highest cadmium levels were 3.21 times more likely to have a learning disability than children with less exposure. (
  • DO NOT use it to treat or manage an actual poison exposure. (
  • If you or someone you are with has an exposure, call your local emergency number (such as 911), or your local poison center can be reached directly by calling the national toll-free Poison Help hotline (1-800-222-1222) from anywhere in the United States. (
  • NIOSH Testimony on Occupational Exposure to Cadmium by J. D. Millar, September 18, 1990. (
  • NIOSH recommends that workers with occupational exposure to cadmium not smoke in the workplace. (
  • Low levels of exposure to chromium (7440473), chromium-VI, cadmium (7440439), and nickel (7440020) were noted. (
  • Chronic exposure may cause anaemia, emphysema or renal failure and cadmium may be a risk factor in the development of prostate or lung cancer. (
  • Brazing and soldering can also cause metal poisoning due to exposure to lead, zinc, copper, or cadmium. (
  • Cadmium poisoning through industrial exposure to inorganic cadmium fumes may produce fatigue, coughing, chest pain, a burning sensation in the throat, and renal damage. (
  • 2 Inhalation of cadmium fumes can lead to pneumonia with acute exposure and emphysema with chronic exposure. (
  • Cadmium exposure in the general populace is derived from dietary intake, averaging 2−200 μg/day, and is only occasionally the precipitant of overexposure. (
  • Heavy metal poisoning may occur as a result of industrial exposure, air or water pollution, foods, improperly coated food containers, or the ingestion of lead-based paints. (
  • The algae-based superfood chlorella can help protect the body from toxic exposure to the heavy metal cadmium, studies have shown. (
  • Respiratory irritation and systemic poisoning from exposure to toxic fumes and particles during welding and cutting operations. (
  • If left untreated, or if a high level of exposure continues, zinc poisoning can be deadly. (
  • Cadmium poisoning signs and symptoms: Are you being poisoned by this heavy metal? (
  • Symptoms of cadmium poisoning range from common conditions - such as headache and fatigue - to more alarming conditions such as anemia and a lack of sense of smell. (
  • Some of the more common symptoms of cadmium poisoning include: headache, vomiting, and fatigue. (
  • More detailed information about the symptoms , causes , and treatments of Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium is available below. (
  • Both have cadmium poisoning, but her symptoms are more serious. (
  • With cadmium poisoning, however, symptoms may arise hours after you're exposed. (
  • On the other hand, some of the most harmful symptoms of cadmium poisoning include: Anemia - Like any other heavy metal, cadmium can lead to anemia. (
  • Acute cadmium poisoning is rare but gastrointestinal symptoms have been described after consuming food or drinks contaminated by cadmium from cooking utensils, solders in water pipes. (
  • The symptoms and treatment of poisoning by cadmium. (
  • Recent animal studies have shown that cadmium poisoning alone is not enough to elicit all of the symptoms of itai-itai disease. (
  • Through the respiratory or digestive system studies have shown that cadmium poisoning include: headache, cadmium poisoning symptoms and. (
  • Principal symptoms of acute poisoning after ingestion appear within 15-30 minutes and are abdominal pain , diarrhea , nausea , vomiting , but also muscle cramping , vertigo , bone pain , loss of consciousness, convulsions and even coma [1] [6]. (
  • What are the symptoms of heavy metal poisoning? (
  • The symptoms of heavy metal poisoning vary, depending on the type of metal involved. (
  • Certain types of heavy metal poisoning can cause additional symptoms. (
  • If you have symptoms of heavy metal poisoning, but your blood test only shows low levels, you doctor might do some additional testing. (
  • inhalation of cadmium fumes or dust causes pneumoconiosis, and ingestion of foods contaminated by cadmium-plated containers causes violent gastrointestinal symptoms. (
  • Although as little as 10 - 20 mg of soluble cadmium salts have produced severe toxic symptoms when ingested, death probably requires several hundred mg by oral route. (
  • At low doses over an extended period, cadmium poisoning leads to symptoms such as exhaustion, headaches and neurological disorders. (
  • The problem with any poisoning is that the symptoms are usually non-specific - you have to suspect a problem, then test for it. (
  • As well as chronic systemic poisoning, welding on cadmium-coated steel can cause an acute intoxication without warning symptoms. (
  • The symptoms of zinc poisoning are similar to other types of heavy metal poisoning. (
  • The primary source for cadmium is as a byproduct of refining zinc metal. (
  • Cadmium (Cd) is a soft, malleable, bluish white metal found in zinc ores, and to a much lesser extent, in the cadmium mineral greenockite. (
  • History Most of the cadmium produced today is obtained from zinc byproducts and recovered from spent nickel-cadmium batteries. (
  • Cadmium as a key factor of the cadmium produced today is obtained from zinc and. (
  • According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Cadmium (abbreviated as Cd) is a soft, blue-white metal found in zinc ores. (
  • Most cadmium used in the United States is a by-product of the production of metals like zinc, lead, and copper. (
  • Cadmium (Cd) , chemical element , a metal of Group 12 (IIb, or zinc group ) of the periodic table . (
  • Friedrich Stromeyer, a German chemist, discovered the element (1817) in a sample of zinc carbonate, and, in the same year, K.S.L. Hermann and J.C.H. Roloff found cadmium in a specimen of zinc oxide . (
  • A rare element (about 0.2 gram per ton in Earth's crust), cadmium occurs in a few minerals and in small quantities in other ores, especially zinc ores, from which it is produced as a by-product. (
  • The chief zinc ore, zinc blende, or sphalerite , consists mainly of zinc sulfide, containing from 0.1 to 0.3 percent cadmium. (
  • All methods of zinc production begin with the conversion of the sulfide into zinc oxide by roasting: the cadmium becomes concentrated in the fumes, which are treated in various steps until a product is obtained containing over 99.9 percent cadmium. (
  • Some lead ores also contain small quantities of cadmium, and, if it is present in sufficient quantity, it is recovered by a cycle of operations similar to that used by zinc smelters. (
  • Zinc producers who use the electrolytic process recover cadmium in a somewhat different way, but again the principle is the same, beginning with the roasting of zinc sulfide, followed by the treatment of the flue dusts. (
  • Cadmium is physically similar to zinc but is denser and softer. (
  • The plated cadmium has a smaller grain size than electro-zinc coatings, and deposits tend to be more uniform and smooth. (
  • Alloyed with zinc, cadmium forms solders with good shear strength. (
  • In particular, low zinc concentration (0.01-1 mmol/l ) increases the rate of cadmium absorption in the gut of rats, apparently, due to the induction of biosynthesis of zinc metalotionein. (
  • Higher zinc concentrations, on the contrary, hinder the absorption of cadmium. (
  • It was named after cadmia, ancient term of zinc oxide which is still available today as calamine lotion. (
  • Cadmium is a transition metal bearing atomic number 48 in the periodic table, soft and bluish-white, occurring mainly in zinc, copper and lead ores. (
  • It is also present in the water you drink because cadmium enters the aquatic environment once zinc refinery plants dispose of their residues or garbage are disposed in water bodies. (
  • This applies just as much as essential minerals, like iron, zinc and chromium, as it does to non-essential metals and metalloids, like cadmium and arsenical compounds. (
  • It may also be caused by electroplated surfaces or metal-rich anti-corrosion paint, such as cadmium passivated steel or zinc chromate primer on aluminium aircraft parts. (
  • Cadmium sits below zinc on the periodic table, which means pure cadmium looks and acts like zinc, including having the same shiny finish as zinc. (
  • The report stated that adults showed that the rock and the resulting dust particles last about 14 years in this trade and are often replaced contained iron, zinc, cadmium, nickel, lead, chromium, by their children who themselves become severely ill barium, beryllium, and aluminium. (
  • 29 CFR 1910.252(c)(5) through (10) covers welding operations where workers may be exposed to fluorine compounds, zinc, lead, beryllium, cadmium, and mercury. (
  • We have seen that cadmium is a principal toxic metal which disturbs zinc, copper, and other metals and probably is a major contributor to thyroid disease. (
  • Avoiding cadmium is essential to preserve zinc and copper and normal thyroid function. (
  • At the turn of the century, cadmium was a rather rare metal nearly always associated with zinc, little used industrially, a metallic curiosity with a bluish-white luster quite impervious to corrosion, like tin. (
  • However, being exposed to more than 10 times the amount of recommended zinc can result in zinc poisoning. (
  • Zinc poisoning can be deadly if not caught and treated quickly. (
  • It is unusual for people to experience zinc poisoning due to ingestion of dietary zinc, as long as the dosage recommendations of a doctor are followed. (
  • There are other sources of zinc which can lead to zinc poisoning, however. (
  • Zinc is an intestinal irritant, and the first sign of zinc poisoning is usually intestinal distress. (
  • Zinc is considered a heavy metal, which means that it is dense and that relatively low concentrations of the element in the body may lead to heavy metal poisoning. (
  • citation needed] One of the main effects of cadmium poisoning is weak and brittle bones. (
  • Cadmium poisoning, toxic effects of cadmium or its compounds on body tissues and functions. (
  • Sources of information about the adverse effects of cadmium and the management of people exposed to cadmium. (
  • The mutagenic and carcinogenic effects of cadmium: an update. (
  • The effects of cadmium on performance, antioxidant defense system, liver and kidney functions, and cadmium accumulation in selected tissues of broiler chickens were studied. (
  • Whether the possible adverse effects of cadmium would reverse with the antioxidant ascorbic acid was also investigated. (
  • Effects of cadmium (Cd) intoxication on renal endosomal accumulation of organic cations $(OC^+)$ were studied in rats using $^{14}C-tetraethylammnium$ (TEA) as a substrate. (
  • Acute effects of cadmium on proximal tubular function in rabbits. (
  • Adams RG, Harrison JF, Scott P (1969) The development of cadmium-induced proteinuria, impaired renal function, and osteomalacia in alkaline battery workers. (
  • Bernard AM, Buchet JP, Roels H, Masson P, Lauwerys RR (1979) Renal excretion of proteins and enzymes in workers exposed to cadmium. (
  • Buchet JP, Roels H, Bernard A, Lauwerys RR (1980) Assessment of renal function of workers exposed to inorganic lead, cadmium or mercury vapor. (
  • Chronic renal effects in three studies of men and women occupationally exposed to cadmium. (
  • Chronic renal effects in populations occupationally exposed to cadmium (7440439) were examined. (
  • The authors conclude that of the measured parameters, urine albumin is the most sensitive for detecting renal damage in cadmium exposed males. (
  • Chronic poisoning - Cadmium is known for its very long half-life in the human body (about 15-30 years), and is able to accumulate in the proximal renal tubules, the principal site of its reabsorption after glomerular filtration [1] [7]. (
  • Quercetin in combination with vitamins (C and E) improves oxidative stress and renal injury in cadmium intoxicated rats. (
  • Renal dysfunction in cadmium smelters: relation to in-vivo liver and kidney cadmium concentrations. (
  • Biochemical indicators of renal dysfunction have been compared with liver and kidney cadmium levels measured by neutron activation analysis in a group of 37 cadmium smelters. (
  • they were associated with evidence of renal dysfunction in workers exposed to cadmium for more than 10 years. (
  • A small group of 6 workers exposed to cadmium for only a short time (mean = 4.6 years) had high hepatic cadmium concentrations but normal renal function. (
  • Longitudinal studies are required to establish the natural history of renal dysfunction following cadmium accumulation in industrial workers. (
  • Cadmium affects primarily the renal and skeletal systems. (
  • The prognosis of persons with cadmium-induced renal dysfunction is unfavorable, with urinary β-microglobulin and urinary protein the most important factors. (
  • Prognostic factors of renal dysfunction induced by environmental cadmium pollution. (
  • Transport of inorganic phosphate in renal cortical brush-border membrane vesicles of cadmium-intoxicated rats. (
  • Cadmium inhibits albumin endocytosis in OK renal epithelial cells. (
  • Herak-Kramberger CM, Spindler B, Biber J, Murer H, Sabolic I. Renal type II Na/Pi-cotransporter is strongly impaired whereas the Na/sulphate-cotransporter and aquaporin 1 are unchanged in cadmium-treeated rats. (
  • Acute inhalation of Cadmium dusts, fumes or soluble salts may produce cough, pneumonitis and fatigue . (
  • Poisoning results from the inhalation of vapour or dust of cadmium. (
  • Since 1920 years, there were descriptions of cases of industrial poisoning by compounds cadmium occurring mainly by inhalation [3]. (
  • Inhalation of cadmium fumes causes pulmonary edema with proliferative interstitial pneumonia and various degrees of lung damage. (
  • citation needed] Some sources of phosphate in fertilizers contain cadmium in amounts of up to 100 mg/kg, which can lead to an increase in the concentration of cadmium in soil (for example in New Zealand). (
  • On Saturday and after much public outcry, food safety authorities in the southern province of Guangzhou released the names of rice producers whose products were found to contain cadmium, a toxic heavy metal. (
  • Cigarette smoke also contain cadmium from the paper used to roll the cigarette. (
  • However, this problem is mainly due to the fact that conventionally-farmed produce is frequently grown using fertilizers that contain cadmium, which is then absorbed by the plant through the soil. (
  • Ingestion of a large dose of cadmium can cause severe gastrointestinal effects. (
  • Poisoning may result from the ingestion of an acid food or drink prepared in a cadmium-lined vessel (e.g., lemonade served from cadmium-plated cans).Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and prostration usually occur within 15 minutes after ingestion and subside within 24 hours. (
  • Ingestion of large amounts of cadmium, on the other hand, occurs accidentally by eating food grown in cadmium-rich soil, or intentionally in suicidal purposes [3] [6]. (
  • Cadmium ingestion did not alter serum creatinine levels. (
  • Poisoning in animals may be caused by aerial pollution of pastures or by accidental ingestion of fungicides or anthelmintics which contain the element. (
  • It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING. (
  • Ahlmark A, Axelsson B, Friberg L, Piscator M (1961) Further investigations into kidney function and proteinuria in chronic cadmium poisoning. (
  • Chronic cadmium poisoning from the consumption of food occurred in the 1950s in cadmium-polluted areas in Japan. (
  • Friberg L. Health hazards in the manufacturer of alkaline accumulators with special reference to chronic cadmium poisoning. (
  • However, numerous state and federal regulations in the United States control the amount of cadmium that can be released to the air from waste sites and incinerators so that properly regulated sites are not hazardous. (
  • Doctors finally found an excessive amount of cadmium in his body on May 10. (
  • For context: the amount of Cadmium (Cd) considered unsafe in a newly manufactured item today in Denmark is 75 ppm or higher. (
  • According to one CPSC spokesman, "A very small amount of cadmium can come to the surface of the glass" and the amounts that could be absorbed through the skin were "slightly above the protective level currently being developed by the agency. (
  • citation needed] Complications of Cd poisoning include: cough, anemia, and kidney failure (possibly leading to death). (
  • citation needed] The kidney damage inflicted by cadmium poisoning is irreversible. (
  • These studies are pointing to damage of the mitochondria of kidney cells by cadmium as a key factor of the disease. (
  • And recovered from spent nickel-cadmium batteries mitochondria of kidney cells by cadmium a. (
  • Studies have found that urine levels of cadmium as low as 1 microgram per gram of creatinine may be linked to kidney injury and an increased risk for low bone mineral density. (
  • You ingest certain level of cadmium if you eat shellfish, kidney, liver meat, potato, carrots and other leafy vegetables. (
  • If your daily intake includes shellfish, liver, kidney meats and other foodstuff containing high-level of cadmium, chances are the formation of kidney stones. (
  • Workers at GP factories have been routinely exposed to Cadmium dust, an extremely toxic chemical used in the manufacture of batteries that can cause kidney failure, lung cancer and bone disease. (
  • Cadmium decreases SGLTI messenger RNA in mouse kidney cells. (
  • Accumulation and degradation of the protein moiety of cadmium-metallothionein (CdMT) in mouse kidney. (
  • Herak-Kramberger CM, Brown D, Sabolic I. Cadmium inhibits vacuolar H+-ATPase and endocytosis in rat kidney cortex. (
  • If you have acute heavy metal poisoning - meaning you were … Intoxication with this metal occurs in the form of severe poisoning, long-term contact with it develop chronic lesions of the body. (
  • 1979. Subacute cadmium intoxication in jewelry workers: an evaluation of diagnostic procedures. (
  • Glutathione administration with EDTA might be an effective treatment modality for patients with cadmium intoxication. (
  • Vitamin C and rosemary leaf extract showed ameliorative potential to reduce tissue accumulation of cadmium and associated oxidative stress. (
  • However, ascorbic acid did not ameliorate the growth inhibitory effect of cadmium nor did it prevent accumulation of cadmium in analyzed tissues. (
  • There are three means by which existing and foreseeable uses of the productive soil resource may be lost as a result of cadmium accumulation in soils. (
  • In horticulture, the most rapid rate of accumulation occurs in soils under potato crops, where the estimated period before these soils average 1 mg/kg cadmium is 13 years. (
  • Because of a high accumulation in agricultural crops, the main sources of dietary cadmium are bread and other cereals, potatoes, root crops and vegetables. (
  • Some metals, such as lead, mercury and cadmium are poisons. (
  • Many heavy metals, such as lead, mercury and cadmium have no known physiologic benefit. (
  • The group 1 subjects could be classified into two groups having mean cadmium concentrations of 10.16 micrograms per gram creatinine (microg/g) (HCCG1) and 1.00microg/g. (
  • The group 2 subjects could be classified into two groups having mean cadmium concentrations of 5.88microg/g (HCCG2) and 0.84microg/g. (
  • The group 3 subjects were stratified into groups having mean urine cadmium concentrations of 16.28, 3.67, and 2.46microg/g. (
  • Concentrations of cadmium in Waikato soils have been gradually increasing since the advent of topdressing. (
  • However, this outcome has been observed to occur at soil cadmium concentrations below the current recommended agricultural guideline of 1 mg/kg. (
  • Children are at the greatest risk for lead poisoning, because they are still developing and their small bodies would contain higher concentrations than adults. (
  • Although they can be found in high concentrations in the body, a number of these heavy metals (aluminum, beryllium, cadmium, lead and mercury) have no known biological function. (
  • Other topics briefly noted include air monitoring, medical monitoring and laboratory measurements of blood and urine cadmium concentrations. (
  • In 1950 Friberg presented extensive data on investigations of workers exposed to cadmium oxide dust in an alkaline battery factory. (
  • OSHA requires a program of medical examination and biological monitoring for workers exposed to cadmium for 30 or more days a year at levels of 2.5 µg/m 3 in air or greater. (
  • Various forms of cadmium poisoning have been documented in the literature. (
  • Certain forms of cadmium, cadmium sulfates and cadmium chlorides also dissolve extremely easily in water, so much so that they're rarely found in solid form. (
  • The normal daily intake of organic forms of cadmium ranges from 2−200 μg. (
  • April 19, 2012 - PRLog -- An Illinois-based company is recalling ceramic wine goblets sold nationwide, because they contain more leachable lead and cadmium than the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) considers safe. (
  • Both lead and cadmium are heavy metals found in the environment and accumulate in human bodies. (
  • EMSL Analytical, the nation's leading commercial testing laboratory, provides lead and cadmium testing at over 30 locations across the country," states Shannon Kauffman, Manager of EMSL's Food Chemistry Laboratory. (
  • Lead and cadmium levels correlate with high blood pressure. (
  • Goyer RA, Tsuchiya K, Leonard DL, Kahyo H. Aminoaciduria in Japanese workers in the lead and cadmium industries. (
  • In its compounds cadmium exhibits almost exclusively the +2 oxidation state , as in the colourless Cd 2+ ion, which forms a number of stable complex ions, especially halide complexes. (
  • Even small amounts of cadmium from smoking are highly toxic to humans, as the lungs absorb cadmium more efficiently than the stomach. (
  • Moreover, the term Itai-Itai disease was designated to describe patients who suffer from frequent fractures , accelerated osteoporosis and bone-associated pain due to consumption of foods that were contaminated with high amounts of cadmium [1] [9]. (
  • He gave up the study, and it was not until 1953 that Dr. Isabel H. Tipton found much-but varying-amounts of cadmium in kidneys of all the adult Americans she examined, but little or none in babies' kidneys, thus starting us on our worldwide search for cadmium and its sources. (
  • This testimony contains comments from NIOSH regarding requests for information at an OSHA hearing on cadmium (7440439). (
  • The study group consisted of 76 males exposed to cadmium fumes and dusts in a cadmium recovery facility (group 1) and 75 males (group 2) and 109 males (group 3) employed at a nickel/cadmium battery factory. (
  • The metal was first discovered in Germany in 1817, and has been used for a variety of uses, including the manufacturing of pigments, in nickel-cadmium, rechargeable batteries, solar cells, metal coatings, plastic stabilizers, and corrosion protection for iron and steel. (
  • Keep nickel-cadmium batteries out of the reach of small children. (
  • Nickel-cadmium batteries should be kept out of children's reach. (
  • An important application of cadmium is its use as the anode with either nickel or silver oxide as the cathode and a caustic potash electrolyte in rechargeable electrical storage batteries for uses in which lower weight, longer life, and stability upon storage in discharged condition are desirable as in aircraft. (
  • It is used as anti-corrosive to other metals and alloys and in the production of nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries.These batteries power up mobile phones, laptops, and digital cameras. (
  • Ingested cadmium salts may cause severe and sometimes fatal poisonings. (
  • Visit our research pages for current research about Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium treatments . (
  • What if cadmium is actually the chemical found in those rice importations? (
  • Toxic chemical element cadmium, found in everything from fertilizer to children's jewelry, has now been linked to the development of breast cancer . (
  • Reports are pouring in (via AP ) that McDonald's is voluntarily recalling 12 million Shrek Forever After novelty drinking glasses, after it was discovered that the paint on the sides of the glasses contains the toxic chemical cadmium. (
  • When in doubt, check the label for cadmium or call the manufacturer to find out if the product contains cadmium. (
  • Loading calculations confirm that the dominant source of this cadmium is superphosphate fertiliser, which contains cadmium as an impurity. (
  • Cadmium is used extensively in electroplating, although the nature of the operation does not generally lead to overexposure. (
  • Liver function enzymes, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) activities were not changed by cadmium. (
  • Although the serum cadmium level was not elevated, cadmium mainly accumulated in the kidneys, liver, pancreas, and muscle. (
  • Doctors concerned with occupational diseases have long known that cadmium is poisonous. (
  • The general population and people living near hazardous waste sites may be exposed to cadmium in contaminated food, dust, or water from unregulated or accidental releases. (
  • Inhaled cadmium dust can cause lung inflammation. (
  • Karin Mak's documentary Red Dust follows female workers fighting for medical care from their former employer, China's GP Batteries factory, after suffering years of cadmium poisoning. (
  • The poisoning can happen if you eat or drink something tainted with heavy metals or if you breathe in contaminated dust or fumes. (
  • Inorganic cadmium fumes or dusts are generally associated with heating, welding, and grinding of cadmium-containing metal products. (
  • If you work around cadmium, talk to your occupational health and safety officer to find out if you could be bringing cadmium home on your clothing, skin, hair, tools, or other objects. (
  • Most cadmium produced is electroplated onto steel , iron , copper , brass, and other alloys to protect them from corrosion . (
  • Moreover, in rats the expressed antagonism is mounted on the suction between cadmium and mercury, cadmium and copper [4]. (
  • They are even capable of discriminating between cadmium and copper, as the latter element is an indispensable element in their metabolism, while cadmium is toxic. (
  • Regarding the structural features, the complex formed with cadmium is very similar to that of the Roman snail form, which can efficiently discriminate between the copper ions vital to snails and toxic cadmium . (
  • And apart from simply coping with cadmium -rich environments and selecting copper from other heavy metals, the cysteine-rich metallothioneins are considered as important oxidative-stress-response proteins. (
  • At present, fairly large workers contingent is exposed to cadmium compounds occupationally, as they are widely used in various industries. (
  • The estimate of total workers potentially exposed to cadmium compounds is given as 297,684 for 15,501 facilities. (
  • Cadmium is a naturally occurring metal. (
  • Cadmium is a metal found naturally in the earth's crust, but because it reacts readily with other elements like oxygen, chlorine and sulfur, it's rarely found in pure form. (
  • Cadmium is a naturally occurring, toxic, non-essential and biologically cumulative heavy metal. (
  • Although cadmium is naturally found in much of the soil across the U.S., the heavy metal is also released by battery manufacturers, smelters, electroplating plants, and other industries. (
  • This was bad enough-some atoms of cadmium would naturally slough off every time somebody filled the glass-but became a big problem when summer rolled around and people began drinking fruit juices like lemonade. (
  • AAPC does not provide information about treatment or diagnosis of poisoning or research information for student papers. (
  • The person with Bryonia food poisoning will be complaining of very severe pains, and he'll say that he can't move in any direction, every movement makes him worse, rubbing the abdomen doesn't help and he just feels like there's nothing he can do. (
  • These tests can help your doctor decide if you have heavy metal poisoning, how severe it is, and which heavy metals are involved. (
  • Cadmium is also damaging to the kidneys and can cause softening of the bones ( OSTEOMALACIA ). (
  • The latest action by the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission targeted "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" - themed charm bracelets that released alarmingly high levels of cadmium in government lab tests, suggesting children could be exposed to a carcinogen that also can damage kidneys and bones. (
  • Cadmium raises special concern because it accumulates in and can damage the kidneys, the same organs that can be damaged by excessive protein consumption. (
  • According to ABC News, cadmium also "raises special concern because it accumulates in and can damage the kidneys… and it can take 20 years for your body to eliminate even half the cadmium absorbed today. (
  • He found the kidneys loaded with cadmium-but so were the kidneys of people dying of other causes. (
  • Effects of ascorbic acid on cadmium-induced oxidative stress and performance of broilers. (
  • These data indicate that oxidative stress, induced by cadmium, plays a role in decreasing the performance of broilers and that dietary supplementation by ascorbic acid might be useful in reversing the lipid peroxidation induced by cadmium and partly alleviating the adverse effect of cadmium on performance of broilers. (
  • This study investigated the protective effect of curcumin on a mouse model of cadmium (Cd)-induced hypertension, vascular dysfunction and oxidative stress. (
  • In their turn, these poisons reduce the absorption of cadmium that partly can be explained by their protective effect in cadmium poisoning. (
  • But a cohort of scientific literature reveals that regular supplementation with high-dose vitamin C combined with a healthy diet may help block the absorption of cadmium, and potentially even accelerate its natural detoxification from the body. (
  • Physiological antagonism of cadmium and some other trace elements occur at the level of absorption. (
  • Since it is used as plasticiser for PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) and PVC pipes are installed for drinking water, cadmium is transferred in the fluid. (
  • There is no specific antidote for acute cadmium poisoning. (
  • Acute cadmium poisoning in a foreman plater welder. (
  • The acid will dissolve some cadmium, and in the mid-thirties there were several cases of acute cadmium poisoning with a few deaths from this source. (
  • The daily intake of cadmium through food varies by geographic region. (
  • Smoking more than 20 cigarettes a day can increase cadmium levels tenfold, and the ATSDR says smoking doubles the average daily intake of cadmium. (
  • Buildup of cadmium levels in the water, air, and soil has been occurring particularly in industrial areas. (
  • Serum cadmium levels at delivery were measured in a consecutive sample of 100 mother-infant pairs in Egypt using venous blood from mothers and umbilical cord blood from neonates. (
  • Because cadmium is found in cigarettes, tobacco smoking is a well-known risk factor for chronic poisoning, and urine levels of cadmium have shown to be substantially higher in this population compared to non-smokers [1] [2]. (
  • OSHA Standards - Cadmium external icon - includes a full description of required monitoring and actions required at different cadmium levels. (
  • About 5 percent of people aged 20 and over had urinary cadmium levels at or near levels that may cause health problems. (
  • Drinking water that contains a high concentration of cadmium with differing pH levels demonstrated no damage to the oral mucosa and salivary glands of male Wistar rats . (
  • Levels of mercury and pathological changes in patients with organomercury poisoning. (
  • and urinary cadmium and beta-2- microglobulin levels of individuals. (
  • Obviously, the cadmium levels in the glasses probably aren't high enough to do this kind of damage, but the glasses are still a valid concern for parents. (
  • LOS ANGELES - Federal safety regulators recalled a line of holiday-themed bracelets Thursday, expanding their effort to purge children's jewelry boxes and store shelves of items containing high levels of the toxic metal cadmium. (
  • But while the full extent of cadmium's presence in children's jewelry is not known, the commission is apparently not conducting wider market surveillance to see what other items on store shelves contain high cadmium levels. (
  • I had reason to think of this last month when McDonalds recalled over 13 million Shrek-themed drinking glasses after discovering in them high levels of cadmium, element forty-eight. (
  • Zhejiang authorities found many shark fins sold in the market are artificial products and some contain excessive levels of cadmium, a toxic metal. (
  • All of said glasses recalled by said McDonalds (in both the U.S. and Canada) after it turned out that the pigments used to create those images contained the toxic metal cadmium. (
  • Cadmium sources include gases from burned motor oils, rubber goods and tires, plastic and pigments, and volcanoes. (
  • Cadmium is used to make colored pigments and can leach into foods as well. (
  • Cadmium poisoning is predominantly associated with cadmium fumes and/or inorganic cadmium salts that may be present in certain industrial environments. (
  • Bernard A, Lauwerys R, Gengoux P. Characterization of the proteinuria induced by prolonged oral administration of cadmium in female rats. (
  • If you maintain a vegetable garden, consider having fertilizers tested for cadmium. (
  • Some fertilizers have been found to be high in cadmium, which may then concentrate in your vegetables. (
  • Cadmium is also present in plastic containers and phosphate fertilizers. (
  • Natural News ) Cadmium is a toxic heavy metal associated with a host of adverse health conditions. (
  • Being a heavy metal, cadmium is considered a carcinogen and is a highly toxic teratogenic compound , which negatively affects the development of a fetus or embryo. (
  • Anemia - Like any other heavy metal , cadmium can lead to anemia. (
  • Only after the deaths in May did the villagers realise that the fertile soil they had tilled for generations, the well their ancestors had drunk from, and they themselves were poisoned by heavy metals. (
  • Cadmium is a heavy metal that is toxic and dangerous substance for human. (
  • Were … acute poisoning if you have acute heavy metal that is and. (
  • The small quantities of cadmium added to the heavy metals strengthen them. (
  • Heavy metal poisoning occurs when your body's soft tissues absorb too much of a particular metal. (
  • In the United States, heavy metal poisoning is very rare. (
  • Read on to learn more heavy metal poisoning and whether those OTC detox kits offer any benefits. (
  • Children with heavy metal poisoning may have unusually formed or weakened bones. (
  • While anyone can develop heavy metal poisoning, children are more vulnerable to it, particularly lead poisoning. (
  • How do I know if I have heavy metal poisoning? (
  • Cadmium (Cd) is one of the most toxic heavy metals to organisms. (
  • An estimated 8.3 tonnes of the heavy metal cadmium is currently applied to Waikato soils each year, with the largest single source being superphosphate fertiliser. (
  • Moreover, curcumin has been shown to prevent or reduce neurodegenerative disorders from heavy metal poisoning [ 8 ]. (
  • Chelation means, by definition, grasping and eliminating heavy metal poisons. (
  • Heavy metal poisoning can happen when you're exposed to a lot of certain types of metals. (
  • It was the second cadmium-related recall by the government since an Associated Press investigation earlier this year found that some children's jewelry, including the Rudolph charms, was made almost entirely with the heavy metal. (
  • sea vegetables can prevent assimilation of different radionuclitides, heavy metals such as cadmium, and other environmental toxins. (
  • Biochemical Pathways of Heavy Metals Poisoning BIO101 (Principles of Biology) 6 July 2012 Abstract The biochemical pathways of heavy metal poisoning are routes by which the metals pass in the body as they impair and destroy normal cellular and organ activity. (
  • Spirulina may help protect against the birth defect-inducing effects of toxic heavy metals such as cadmium, according to a study conducted by researchers from Mexico's National Polytechnic Institute and published in the Journal of Medicinal Food in 2011. (
  • Heavy metal poisoning - vital for autistic kids - think of when all else fails! (
  • In clinical UK practice the single most important heavy metal poisoning comes from mercury fillings, mercury preservatives in vaccinations and, increasingly, mercury in fish. (
  • I am reading here about the heavy metal poisoning and can recommend one treatment: Kombucha. (
  • Cadmium is also found in some industrial paints and may represent a hazard when sprayed. (
  • The researchers found that then apoptosis cycle (when cells die to make room for new cells) was induced prematurely when the cells were exposed to cadmium. (
  • Cadmium is rarely found in this pure form--it's usually combined with other elements. (
  • In a number of cases, the toxicological studies have confirmed that changes in health status found in workers are occupationally conditioned and effected by cadmium. (
  • Practically no changes found in the urea content in the experimental groups after 1 and 2 months of administration of cadmium (0.5 mg/kg). (
  • lipsticks have been found to contain high level of cadmium, metal jewelries for children, plastic toys, and paint products as well. (
  • Cadmium has also been found in inexpensive jewelry for kids - damaging the bodies of developing children and subsequently upping their cancer risk. (
  • Depending on what they distill (Tennessee moonshiners once famously and lethally tried poison ivy) the end result can be lethal methyl alcohol instead of the ethyl alcohol found in grain whiskey. (
  • During the 1920's, poisons could be found in abundance in almost any New York apartment. (
  • Looks like McDonalds and Shrek have found yet another way to poison our children. (
  • Cadmium and its inorganic compounds are commonly found in industry. (
  • An international team of scientists has now discovered that the marine common periwinkle, which is widely considered a delicacy, contains the largest version of the protein found yet, with one additional cadmium-binding domain and a one-third higher detoxification capacity. (
  • Whereas only 5 percent to 10 percent of cadmium from food is absorbed into the bloodstream, 40 percent to 60 percent of cadmium inhaled from cigarette smoke is absorbed. (
  • Consequently, good protection is afforded by thin coatings of cadmium, and thus, in spite of its high price, it is frequently used for the protection of precision parts. (
  • The exact point at which soil cadmium has become high enough to cause food standards to be exceeded can be difficult to predetermine, as it depends on crop and soil conditions. (
  • As a result of its high cadmium content, offal from animals older than 2.5 years is not permitted to be sold for human consumption. (
  • Åkesson explains that many 'health' foods could be carrying cadmium incognito, highlighting the need to buy high quality organic items - preferably from a local source. (
  • Emphysema - Cadmium is known to induce extensive lung damage among exposed individuals. (
  • There is no conclusive evidence that cadmium can cause lung cancer, but as a precaution, the United States Environmental Protection Agency has classified cadmium as a probable carcinogen in humans. (
  • 1992. Determinants of lung cancer risk among cadmium-exposed workers. (
  • Lung cancer mortality in a cohort of workers employed at a cadmium recovery plant in the United States: an analysis with detailed job histories. (
  • Shortly after 9/11, some public health officials suggested the lung ailments that rescue workers at Ground Zero developed might be traced to cadmium, since computers and other electronics were vaporized when the twin towers fell. (
  • Ago M, Ago K, Ogata M (2002) A fatal case of n-butane poisoning after inhaling anti-perspiration aerosol deodorant. (
  • Cadmium and cadmium compounds are classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as carcinogenic to humans. (
  • This type of acute poisoning sometimes results when an acidic food or beverage is stored in a container lined with a cadmium glaze and the cadmium leeches into the food or beverage, explains the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. (