Cadmium: An element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 114. It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING.Cadmium Poisoning: Poisoning occurring after exposure to cadmium compounds or fumes. It may cause gastrointestinal syndromes, anemia, or pneumonitis.Cadmium Chloride: A cadmium halide in the form of colorless crystals, soluble in water, methanol, and ethanol. It is used in photography, in dyeing, and calico printing, and as a solution to precipitate sulfides. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Cadmium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain cadmium as an integral part of the molecule.Cadmium Radioisotopes: Unstable isotopes of cadmium that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Cd atoms with atomic weights 103-105, 107, 109, 115, and 117-119 are radioactive cadmium isotopes.Metallothionein: A low-molecular-weight (approx. 10 kD) protein occurring in the cytoplasm of kidney cortex and liver. It is rich in cysteinyl residues and contains no aromatic amino acids. Metallothionein shows high affinity for bivalent heavy metals.Metals, Heavy: Metals with high specific gravity, typically larger than 5. They have complex spectra, form colored salts and double salts, have a low electrode potential, are mainly amphoteric, yield weak bases and weak acids, and are oxidizing or reducing agents (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Lead: A soft, grayish metal with poisonous salts; atomic number 82, atomic weight 207.19, symbol Pb. (Dorland, 28th)Phytochelatins: Poly-glutathione peptides composed of (Glu-Cys)n-Gly where n is two to seven. They are biosynthesized by glutathione gamma-glutamylcysteinyltransferase and are found in many PLANTS; YEASTS; and algae. They sequester HEAVY METALS.Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.Spectrophotometry, Atomic: Spectrophotometric techniques by which the absorption or emmision spectra of radiation from atoms are produced and analyzed.Environmental Pollutants: Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.Mercury: A silver metallic element that exists as a liquid at room temperature. It has the atomic symbol Hg (from hydrargyrum, liquid silver), atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. Mercury is used in many industrial applications and its salts have been employed therapeutically as purgatives, antisyphilitics, disinfectants, and astringents. It can be absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes which leads to MERCURY POISONING. Because of its toxicity, the clinical use of mercury and mercurials is diminishing.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Soil Pollutants: Substances which pollute the soil. Use for soil pollutants in general or for which there is no specific heading.Body Burden: The total amount of a chemical, metal or radioactive substance present at any time after absorption in the body of man or animal.Metals: Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Copper: A heavy metal trace element with the atomic symbol Cu, atomic number 29, and atomic weight 63.55.Metallurgy: The science, art, or technology dealing with processes involved in the separation of metals from their ores, the technique of making or compounding the alloys, the techniques of working or heat-treating metals, and the mining of metals. It includes industrial metallurgy as well as metallurgical techniques employed in the preparation and working of metals used in dentistry, with special reference to orthodontic and prosthodontic appliances. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p494)Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Arsenic: A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Tellurium: Tellurium. An element that is a member of the chalcogen family. It has the atomic symbol Te, atomic number 52, and atomic weight 127.60. It has been used as a coloring agent and in the manufacture of electrical equipment. Exposure may cause nausea, vomiting, and CNS depression.Water Pollutants, Chemical: Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.Ascorbic Acid: A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.Scurvy: An acquired blood vessel disorder caused by severe deficiency of vitamin C (ASCORBIC ACID) in the diet leading to defective collagen formation in small blood vessels. Scurvy is characterized by bleeding in any tissue, weakness, ANEMIA, spongy gums, and a brawny induration of the muscles of the calves and legs.Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.Neutron Activation Analysis: Activation analysis in which the specimen is bombarded with neutrons. Identification is made by measuring the resulting radioisotopes. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Activation Analysis: A method of chemical analysis based on the detection of characteristic radionuclides following a nuclear bombardment. It is also known as radioactivity analysis. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Dental Care for Disabled: Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).Neutrons: Electrically neutral elementary particles found in all atomic nuclei except light hydrogen; the mass is equal to that of the proton and electron combined and they are unstable when isolated from the nucleus, undergoing beta decay. Slow, thermal, epithermal, and fast neutrons refer to the energy levels with which the neutrons are ejected from heavier nuclei during their decay.Library Services: Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.Libraries, MedicalHospitals, Voluntary: Private, not-for-profit hospitals that are autonomous, self-established, and self-supported.Patient Care Team: Care of patients by a multidisciplinary team usually organized under the leadership of a physician; each member of the team has specific responsibilities and the whole team contributes to the care of the patient.Hospitals, Proprietary: Hospitals owned and operated by a corporation or an individual that operate on a for-profit basis, also referred to as investor-owned hospitals.Accreditation: Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.Certification: Compliance with a set of standards defined by non-governmental organizations. Certification is applied for by individuals on a voluntary basis and represents a professional status when achieved, e.g., certification for a medical specialty.Ascorbic Acid Deficiency: A condition due to a dietary deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), characterized by malaise, lethargy, and weakness. As the disease progresses, joints, muscles, and subcutaneous tissues may become the sites of hemorrhage. Ascorbic acid deficiency frequently develops into SCURVY in young children fed unsupplemented cow's milk exclusively during their first year. It develops also commonly in chronic alcoholism. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1177)Vitamin A: Retinol and derivatives of retinol that play an essential role in metabolic functioning of the retina, the growth of and differentiation of epithelial tissue, the growth of bone, reproduction, and the immune response. Dietary vitamin A is derived from a variety of CAROTENOIDS found in plants. It is enriched in the liver, egg yolks, and the fat component of dairy products.Vitamin E: A generic descriptor for all TOCOPHEROLS and TOCOTRIENOLS that exhibit ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of ISOPRENOIDS.Vitamins: Organic substances that are required in small amounts for maintenance and growth, but which cannot be manufactured by the human body.Oxidative Stress: A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).Vitamin D: A vitamin that includes both CHOLECALCIFEROLS and ERGOCALCIFEROLS, which have the common effect of preventing or curing RICKETS in animals. It can also be viewed as a hormone since it can be formed in SKIN by action of ULTRAVIOLET RAYS upon the precursors, 7-dehydrocholesterol and ERGOSTEROL, and acts on VITAMIN D RECEPTORS to regulate CALCIUM in opposition to PARATHYROID HORMONE.Human Body: The human being as a non-anatomical and non-zoological entity. The emphasis is on the philosophical or artistic treatment of the human being, and includes lay and social attitudes toward the body in history. (From J. Cassedy, NLM History of Medicine Division)Air: The mixture of gases present in the earth's atmosphere consisting of oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and small amounts of other gases.Decompression Sickness: A condition occurring as a result of exposure to a rapid fall in ambient pressure. Gases, nitrogen in particular, come out of solution and form bubbles in body fluid and blood. These gas bubbles accumulate in joint spaces and the peripheral circulation impairing tissue oxygenation causing disorientation, severe pain, and potentially death.IllinoisProfessional Corporations: Legally authorized corporations owned and managed by one or more professionals (medical, dental, legal) in which the income is ascribed primarily to the professional activities of the owners or stockholders.Occupational Diseases: Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (U.S.): An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.Thermal Conductivity: The heat flow across a surface per unit area per unit time, divided by the negative of the rate of change of temperature with distance in a direction perpendicular to the surface. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Aluminum Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain aluminum as an integral part of the molecule.Aluminum Hydroxide: A compound with many biomedical applications: as a gastric antacid, an antiperspirant, in dentifrices, as an emulsifier, as an adjuvant in bacterins and vaccines, in water purification, etc.
Testing their metal. (1/120)Metals continually rank at the top of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's annual list of agents that pose the greatest hazard to the people of the United States. Metals aren't going away, either. They do not biodegrade, and they often concentrate in human and animal cells and tissue. Many metals are known human and animal carcinogens, while many others are suspected to play a role in cancer. Little is known, however, about the mechanisms by which metals cause cancer. (+info)
Granulocyte and plasma cytokine activity in acute cadmium intoxication in rats. (2/120)Changes in the number and ex vivo function of peripheral blood neutrophils were investigated following intraperitoneal administration of cadmium-chloride in rats. Besides a dose-dependent increase in the number of peripheral blood neutrophils, changes were found in the functional state of isolated polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs). Increased spontaneous adhesion and activation, and TNF activity in a conditioned medium were observed in cultures of granulocytes in comparison to granulocytes from control (saline-treated) animals. Increased levels of plasma activity of inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were noted following cadmium administration. Cytological signs of pulmonary inflammation were revealed histologically and the majority of neutrophils recovered from the lungs by enzyme digestion exhibited a capacity of nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction. Our data demonstrate that acute cadmium intoxication leads to a systemic inflammatory response characterized by numerical and functional changes in the granulocyte compartment and to increased levels of inflammation-related cytokine activity in the circulation. Correlations between the increased number of peripheral blood neutrophils and IL-6 plasma activity (r=0.776, p<0.00001) and the number of neutrophils recovered from the lung tissue (r=0.893, p<0.00001) suggested that systemic cadmium-induced inflammation might be involved in the pulmonary toxicity of cadmium. (+info)
Neurobehavioural effects of occupational exposure to cadmium: a cross sectional epidemiological study. (3/120)BACKGROUND: A patient with unexplained minor behavioural changes associated with an axonal sensorimotor polyneuropathy had a history of chronic occupational exposure to cadmium (Cd). Although animal studies have shown that Cd is a potent neurotoxicant, little is known about its toxicity for the human central nervous system. The aim of this study was to investigate the toxic potential of chronic occupational exposure to Cd on neurobehavioural functions. METHODS: A cross sectional epidemiological study was conducted ina group of Cd workers and an age matched control group. Eighty nine adult men (42 exposed to Cd and 47 control workers) were given a blinded standardised examination that consisted of computer assisted neurobehavioural tests (neurobehavioural examination system), a validated questionnaire to assess neurotoxic complaints (neurotoxicity symptom checklist--60, NSC-60), and a standardised self administered questionnaire to detect complaints consistent with peripheral neuropathy and dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system. Historical and current data on biomonitoring of exposure to Cd, either the highest value of Cd in urine (CdU in microgram Cd/g creatinine) of each Cd worker during work (CdUmax) or the current value (CdUcurrent) of each control, were available as well as data on microproteinuria. RESULTS: Cd workers (CdUmax: mean (range), 12.6 (0.4-38.4)) performed worse than the controls (CdUcurrent: mean (range), 0.7 (0.1-2.0)) on visuomotor tasks, symbol digit substitution (p = 0.008), and simple reaction time to direction (p = 0.058) or location (p = 0.042) of a stimulus. In multiple linear regression analysis, symbol digit substitution, simple direction reaction time test, and simple location reaction time test were significantly related to CdUmax, (beta = 0.35 (p < 0.001), beta = 0.25 (p = 0.012), and beta = 0.23 (p = 0.021) respectively). More complaints consistent with peripheral neuropathy (p = 0.004), complaints about equilibrium (p = 0.015), and complaints about concentration ability (p = 0.053) were found in the group exposed to Cd than in the control group, and these variables correlated positively with CdUmax (peripheral neuropathy: beta = 0.38, p < 0.001; equilibrium: beta = 0.22, p = 0.057; concentration ability: beta = 0.27, p = 0.020). CONCLUSION: Slowing of visuomotor functioning on neurobehavioural testing and increase in complaints consistent with peripheral neuropathy, complaints about equilibrium, and complaints about concentration ability were dose dependently associated with CdU. Age, exposure to other neurotoxicants, or status of renal function could not explain these findings. The present study also indicates that an excess of complaints may be detected in Cd workers before signs of microproteinuria induced by Cd occur. (+info)
Risk of mortality, cancer incidence, and stroke in a population potentially exposed to cadmium. (4/120)OBJECTIVES: To follow up mortality and cancer incidence in a cohort potentially exposed to cadmium and to perform a geographical (ecological) analysis to further assess the health effects of potential exposure to cadmium. METHODS: The English village of Shipham has very high concentrations of cadmium in the soil. A previous cohort study of residents of Shipham in 1939 showed overall mortality below that expected, but a 40% excess of mortality from stroke. This study extends the follow up of the cohort for mortality to 1997, and includes an analysis of cancer incidence from 1971 to 1992, and a geographical study of mortality and cancer incidence. Standardised mortality and incidence ratios (SMRs and SIRs) were estimated with regional reference rates. Comparisons were made with the nearby village of Hutton. RESULTS: All cause cohort mortality was lower than expected in both villages, although there was excess cancer incidence in both Shipham (SIR 167, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 106 to 250) and Hutton (SIR 167, 95% CI 105 to 253). There was an excess of mortality from hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, and nephritis and nephrosis, of borderline significance, in Shipham (SMR 128, 95% CI 99 to 162). In the geographical study, all cause mortality in Shipham was also lower than expected (SMR 84, 95% CI 71 to 100). There was an excess in genitourinary cancers in both Shipham (SIR 160, 95% CI 107 to 239) and Hutton (SIR 153, 95% CI 122 to 192). CONCLUSION: No clear evidence of health effects from possible exposure to cadmium in Shipham was found despite the extremely high concentrations of cadmium in the soil. (+info)
Male infertility and environmental exposure to lead and cadmium. (5/120)Humans are exposed occupationally and environmentally to metal aerosols including lead (Pb2+) and cadmium (Cd2+). These toxicants accumulate in male reproductive organs. Epidemiological studies have been equivocal about effects of Pb2+ and Cd2+ on hormone concentrations, male fertility and sperm parameters. Comparison of Pb2+ and Cd2+ concentrations in fertile and infertile men are problematic. Problem areas include failure to control confounding variables, but genetic polymorphisms as in somatic diseases may modulate Pb2+ and Cd2+ damage. Multiple calcium (Ca2+) and potassium (K+) channel isoforms have been identified in human testes and spermatozoa. These Ca2+ and K+ channels are involved in early events of acrosome reactions. Ca2+ channel are susceptible to Cd2+ poisoning and K+ channels to Pb2+. These channels offer entry paths for metallic toxicants into mature spermatozoa. Ion channel polymorphisms may cause differential sensitivities to Cd2+ and Pb2+, explaining in part prospective blinded studies showing high Cd2+ in varicocele-related human infertility and high Pb2+ in unexplained infertility. In both forms of male infertility the ability to undergo an acrosome reaction decreases. Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assays for Ca2+ and K+ channel isoforms may identify susceptibility subgroups with lower resistance to environmental exposures. (+info)
Metallothionein-null mice are more sensitive than wild-type mice to liver injury induced by repeated exposure to cadmium. (6/120)Liver is a major target organ of cadmium (Cd) toxicity following acute and chronic exposure. Metallothionein (MT), a low-molecular-weight, cysteine-rich, metal-binding protein has been shown to play an important role in protection against acute Cd-induced liver injury. This study investigates the role of MT in liver injury induced by repeated exposure to Cd. Wild-type and MT-I/II knockout (MT I/II-null) mice were injected sc with a wide range of CdCl(2) doses, 6 times/week, for up to 10 weeks, and their hepatic Cd content, hepatic MT concentration, and liver injury were examined. Repeated administration of CdCl(2) produced acute and nonspecific chronic inflammation in the parenchyma and portal tracts and around central veins. Higher doses produced granulomatous inflammation and proliferating nodules in liver parenchyma. Apoptosis and mitosis occurred concomitantly in liver following repeated Cd exposure, whereas necrosis was mild. As a result, significant elevation of serum enzyme levels was not observed. In wild-type mice, hepatic Cd concentration increased in a dose- and time-dependent manner, reaching 400 microgram/g liver, along with 150-fold increases in hepatic MT concentrations, the latter reaching 1200 microgram/g liver. In contrast, in MT I/II-null mice, hepatic Cd concentrations were about 10 microgram/g liver. Despite the lower accumulation of Cd in livers of MT I/II-null mice, the maximum tolerated dose of Cd was one-eighth lower than that for wild-type mice at 10 weeks, and liver injury was more pronounced in the MT I/II-null mice, as evidenced by increases in liver/body weight ratios and histopathological analyses. In conclusion, these data indicate that (1) nonspecific chronic inflammation, granulomatous inflammation, apoptosis, liver cell regeneration, and presumably, preneoplastic proliferating nodules are major features of liver injury induced by repeated Cd exposure, and (2) intracellular MT is an important protein protecting against this Cd-induced liver injury. (+info)
Acute cadmium exposure inactivates thioltransferase (Glutaredoxin), inhibits intracellular reduction of protein-glutathionyl-mixed disulfides, and initiates apoptosis. (7/120)Oxidative stress broadly impacts cells, initiating regulatory pathways as well as apoptosis and necrosis. A key molecular event is protein S-glutathionylation, and thioltransferase (glutaredoxin) is a specific and efficient catalyst of protein-SSG reduction. In this study 30-min exposure of H9 and Jurkat cells to cadmium inhibited intracellular protein-SSG reduction, and this correlated with inhibition of the thioltransferase system, consistent with thioltransferase being the primary intracellular catalyst of deglutathionylation. The thioredoxin system contributed very little to total deglutathionylase activity. Thioltransferase and GSSG reductase in situ displayed similar dose-response curves (50% inhibition near 10 micrometer cadmium in extracellular buffer). Acute cadmium exposure also initiated apoptosis, with H9 cells being more sensitive than Jurkat. Moreover, transfection with antisense thioltransferase cDNA was incompatible with cell survival. Collectively, these data suggest that thioltransferase has a vital role in sulfhydryl homeostasis and cell survival. In separate experiments, cadmium inhibited the isolated component enzymes of the thioltransferase and thioredoxin systems, consistent with the vicinal dithiol nature of their active sites: thioltransferase (IC(50) approximately 1 micrometer), GSSG reductase (IC(50) approximately 1 micrometer), thioredoxin (IC(50) approximately 8 micrometer), thioredoxin reductase (IC(50) approximately 0.2 micrometer). Disruption of the vicinal dithiol on thioltransferase (via oxidation to C22-SS-C25; or C25S mutation) protected against cadmium, consistent with a dithiol chelation mechanism of inactivation. (+info)
Heavy metal poisoning in glass worker characterised by severe. (8/120)The paper presents the clinical description of the masticatory organ and biochemical assessment of dental tissue in a patient employed in a glassworks for 20 years. During 12 years the patient has suffered baldness ("Alopecia areata") and atypical extensive and non-healing cutaneous lesions. Dental examination revealed changes typical of chronic poisoning by cadmium and bismuth compounds. (+info)
Chest Pain & Foaming at the Mouth Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Inhalation of Cadmium Fumes & Carbon Monoxide Poisoning & Drowning. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search.
Prevention is the key to managing cadmium exposure. No effective treatment for cadmium toxicity exists. For the general public, the primary source of exposure to cadmium is dietary. Smoking tobacco adds an additional burden of cadmium. Nutritional deficiencies can increase the risk of cadmium toxicity. Chronic cadmium exposure primarily affects the kidneys and secondarily the bones. Acute inhalation of fumes containing cadmium affects the lungs.
Cadmium poisoning through industrial exposure to inorganic cadmium fumes may produce fatigue, coughing, chest pain, a burning sensation in the throat, and renal damage. The prognosis of persons with cadmium-induced renal dysfunction is unfavorable, with urinary β-microglobulin and urinary protein the most important factors.2 Inhalation of cadmium fumes can lead to pneumonia with acute exposure and emphysema with chronic exposure.3. Cadmium poisoning is predominantly associated with cadmium fumes and/or inorganic cadmium salts that may be present in certain industrial environments. Cadmium and its inorganic compounds are commonly found in industry. Cadmium is utilized in many alloys and metal plating. Inorganic cadmium fumes or dusts are generally associated with heating, welding, and grinding of cadmium-containing metal products. Cadmium exposure in the general populace is derived from dietary intake, averaging 2−200 μg/day, and is only occasionally the precipitant of overexposure. In ...
In a representative US population higher levels of urinary cadmium were found to be significant predictors of lower FVC, FEV1, and FEV1/FVC in current and former smokers but not in never smokers. In addition, variability in urine cadmium levels was found among current smokers. It is not clear whether this finding is related to the dose of cadmium to which smokers are exposed or to variability in the uptake and metabolism of cadmium in smokers. It is possible that the variability in cadmium levels in smokers is related to the intensity of smoking-that is, smokers with higher cadmium levels extract more tar and nicotine out of each cigarette than smokers with lower levels. It is also possible that the variability in lung function in smokers is similarly related to variability in smoking intensity, and that cadmium levels are just a long term marker of tobacco dose.. Cadmium intake in humans is either through ingestion or inhalation, with the major source of exposure in never smokers being ...
Blood and urinary cadmium concentrations together with cadmium in air concentrations from the breathing zone of 18 male workers in an alkaline battery factory were determined at regular intervals for 11 consecutive weeks. Nine of the workers examined were smokers and nine non-smokers. Smokers and non-smokers did not differ in age or years of employment. Cadmium in air concentrations varied, but no definite trend was observed. The concentrations of cadmium in the blood and urine were found to be stable. Exposure to airborne cadmium was identical for smokers and non-smokers but average cadmium concentrations in the blood and urine of smokers were approximately twice as high as those in non-smokers. For the whole group, urinary cadmium was significantly correlated with years of employment, but no correlation was found between blood cadmium concentrations and exposure. For non-smokers, the correlation between cadmium in blood and years of employment was statistically significant (p less than 0.001). ...
Concentration of aquatic environment with heavy metals has become a matter of great concern because of their toxicity, persistence and bioaccumulation. Cadmium is widely distributed in aquatic environments
Adams SV, Passarelli MN, Newcomb PA. 2012. Cadmium exposure and cancer mortality in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey cohort. Occup Environ Med 69(2):153-156.. Akerstrom M, Barregard L, Lundh T, Sallsten G. 2013. The relationship between cadmium in kidney and cadmium in urine and blood in an environmentally exposed population. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 268:286-293.. Arnich N, Sirot V, Rivière G, Jean J, Noël L, Guérin T, et al. 2012. Dietary exposure to trace elements and health risk assessment in the 2nd French Total Diet Study. Food Chem Toxicol 50:2432-2449.. Buser MC, Ingber SZ, Raines N, Fowler DA, Scinicariello F. 2016. Urinary and blood cadmium and lead and kidney function: NHANES 2007-2012. Int J Hyg Environ Health 219(3):261-267.. Ciesielski T, Bellinger DC, Schwartz J, Hauser R, Wright RO. 2013. Associations between cadmium exposure and neurocognitive test scores in a cross-sectional study of US adults. Environ Health 12:13, doi: ...
Smoking is a strong risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and causes exposure to cadmium, which is a pro-atherosclerotic metal. Cadmium exposure has also been shown to increase the risk of CVD, even after adjustment for smoking. Our hypothesis was that part of the risk of CVD in smokers may be mediated by cadmium exposure from tobacco smoke. We examined this hypothesis in a mediation analysis, trying to assess how much of the smoking-induced CVD risk could be explained via cadmium. We used prospective data on CVD (incidence and mortality) in a Swedish population-based cohort of 4304 middle-aged men and women (the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study). Blood cadmium was analyzed in base-line samples from 1991, and clinical events were followed up for 16-19 years based on registry data. Mediation analysis was conducted to evaluate the indirect effect (via cadmium) of smoking on CVD. Survival was analyzed by the accelerated failure time (AFT) model and the Aalen additive hazard model. The mean blood cadmium
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology. (Metallbiologisk forskning) ...
The effects of cadmium on performance, antioxidant defense system, liver and kidney functions, and cadmium accumulation in selected tissues of broiler chickens were studied. Whether the possible adverse effects of cadmium would reverse with the antio
This 24-hour urine test is used to monitor exposure to cadmium. Cadmium is an extremely toxic metal frequently found in industrial places of work. Cigarettes are also a significant source of cadmium exposure. Cadmium may be found in batteries, fertilizers, pesticides, PVC plastics and certain shellfish. Those who work with cadmium pigments are also at risk for cadmium exposure. Cadmium toxicity affects the liver, placenta, lungs, brain, kidneys and bones, which may lead to problems such as fatigue, confusion, depression and cardiac arrhythmias. ...
Whole books and maybe encyclopedias could be written on pigments having the word cadmium in their common name. I dont recommend any cadmium paint because of the potential health hazard. Yes, I know: manufacturers say they are making safe cadmiums…but, in my opinion, who really knows. Therefore I dont press my luck. But, as so many of you use these pigments you should be aware of their virtues and their drawbacks. If you are not using a single pigment PY35 cadmium yellow, be aware of the additional pigment(s). If the additional pigment is an orange pigment the bias of that particular cadmium yellow will be orange. As in the case of a cadmium yellow hue, if the pigments have nothing to do with cadmium pigments, check on the bias of the pigments used to manipulate to achieve a cadmium yellow hue. If cadmium yellow has the word "deep" in its name, again, be assured that the bias will be orange. All yellow cadmiums made of PY37 are orange biased. Are you confused yet? I know I am. Why should any ...
Citation: Grant, C.A., Clarke, J.M., Duguid, S., Chaney, R.L. 2003. Use of genetic variability in reducing cadmium uptake by plants. Proceedings of the SCOPE Workshop on Risk Assessment and Management of Environmental Cadmium (Ghent, Belgium, September 3-5, 2003) UNEP-SCOPE, Paris. Interpretive Summary: All crops accumulate some cadmium from soils, but some crops accumulate soil cadmium more effectively that others, and some soils are geochemically enriched in cadmium or contaminated with cadmium. Excessive lifetime cadmium consumption can cause renal tubular dysfunction in susceptible individuals, especially subsistence rice consumers. One method to minimize the possibility that consumers will ingest excessive cadmium in foods is to breed crop cultivars which accumulate lower levels of cadmium in the edible plant tissue (e.g., grain). Major or staple foods are of greater importance if breeding for low cadmium is needed, but minor foods which accumulate higher levels of cadmium than most other ...
Presence of cadmium in drinking water is hazardous to human health. Renal, cardiovascular, respiratory and skeletal effects have been found to be induced by cadmium exposure. Cadmium can induce renal tubular dysfunction leading to renal lesion and irreversible impairment of reabsorption capacity of renal tubules. Combine concentration of metallothionein, a cadmium binding protein, and cadmium…
Combined effects of estrogen deficiency and cadmium exposure on calcified hard tissues: Animal model relating to itai-itai disease in postmenopausal women （2013 ...
Arsenic and cadmium toxicity are serious sources of illness with exposure coming through food, water and industrial sources. Arsenic toxicity causes skin lesions, anemia, increased heart and vascular disease, diabetes and liver damage. Cadmium alters kidney function, causes osteoporosis and osteomalacia and increases cancer risk. S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe), alpha-lipoic acid, glutathione, selenium, zinc, N-acetylcysteine (NAC), methionine, […]. View Post ...
Shop for best quality generic for Dilzem, which is used for treating Heart Disease and Hypertension/High Blood Pressure at our pharmacy for $1.14 per Tablet. You can save more on shopping with us on ordering more than a months supply.
envisionsolutions/09-27/crusher-1000-tph/ .. .envisionsolutions/09-28/ball-mill-grinder-machine/ .. .envisionsolutions/10-06/stone-crushing-company-in-china/ ... .envisionsolutions/10-22/quarry-rock-crusher/ .. .envisionsolutions/10-31/cadmium-content-of-zinc-ores/.cadmium levels in quarry rock grinding mill china,determination of concentration of some heavy metals in . - IRAJAbstract- Concentration of heavy metals (iron, lead, chromium and cadmium) was determined in road . In places such as flour and sugar mills and coal mines.. ...
Alleystamp DANIEL SMITH Extra Fine Watercolors - Cadmium Yellow Med - 15ml [DS284600184] - Cadmium Yellow Medium Hue is a rich, bright and intense alternative to Cadmium Yellow. Using a blend of pigments, our chemist has duplicated the brilliance and opacity of Cadmium Yellow with unsurpassed opacity, color strength, durability and lightfastness. It disperses beautifully in water for smooth, rich washes. ASTM Lightfastness Rating: Excellent Transparency: Semi-transparent Staining: Low Granulating: No
Davison AG, Fayers PM, Newman Taylor AJ, Venables KM, Darbyshire J, Pickering CAC, Chettle DR, Franklin D, Guthrie CJ, Scott MC, OMalley D, Holden H, Mason HJ, Wright AL, Gompertz D, Taylor AJ, et al, Cadmium fume inhalation and emphysema, Lancet, 1988;1:663-667 ...
... _Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Tin and Arsenic in Food2 of 13 Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Tin and Arsenic in Food TOXICOLOGY FACTSHEET SERIES In addition to the overall responsibility placed on FBOs by th
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Cadmium can come in the silver variety, Zinc and Cadmium are related somehow chemically, I believe the the Cad is a by product of zinc or something like that. The Muriatic acid is the hot tip for removing either, after the acid, drop in a solution of 1 lb baking soda per gal of water, that will neutralize and keep the bolt from rusting as it .. ...
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Health effects of cadmium exposure in the general environment in Japan with special reference to the lower limit of the benchmark dose as the threshold level of urinary cadmium ...
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Not only by eating foods but also breathing air contaminated with cadmium affects human health. How bad it could be depends on the exposure.
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An introduction to cadmium plating, its uses, suitability and versatility for various processes and the environmental information you need to know.
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Cadmium plated duplicate of OEM block, screw, cotter pin and brass washers used on all Linkert and Bendix carburetors. Standard Size. H-D#27450-36
For around the last 9 months of my life, Ive struggled with depression. It was due to a lot of factors, wasnt fun at all. But luckily Im now out of it ...
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The ubiquitous food contaminant cadmium has features of an estrogen mimetic that may promote the development of estrogen-dependent malignancies, such as breast cancer. However, no prospective studies of cadmium exposure and breast cancer risk have been reported. , We examined the association between dietary cadmium exposure (at baseline, 1987) and the risk of overall and estrogen receptor (ER)-defined (ER+ or ER-) breast cancer within a population-based prospective cohort of 55,987 postmenopausal women. During an average of 12.2 years of follow-up, 2,112 incident cases of invasive breast cancer were ascertained (1,626 ER+ and 290 ER-). After adjusting for confounders, including consumption of whole grains and vegetables (which account for 40% of the dietary exposure, but also contain putative anticarcinogenic phytochemicals), dietary cadmium intake was positively associated with overall breast cancer tumors, comparing the highest tertile with the lowest [rate ratio (RR), 1.21; 95% confidence ...
Article Urine metabolomics of women from small villages exposed to high environmental cadmium levels. This study aimed to identify urine metabolites in women exposed to high cadmium levels. 21 women exposed to environmental Cd and 12 age‐matched cont...
Protective and curative role of Citrus sinensis peel on cadmium-induced testicular and spermatic damage: a morphometric and immunohistochemical evaluation using monoclonal antibodies against Ki-67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen
Cadmium (Cd) is frequently used in various industrial applications and is a ubiquitous environmental toxicant, also present in tobacco smoke. An important route of exposure is the circulatory system whereas blood vessels are considered to be main stream organs of Cd toxicity. Our previous results indicate that cadmium chloride (CdCl2) affects mean arterial blood pressure in hypertensive rats. We hypothesized that Cd alters the intracellular calcium transient mechanism, by cadmium-induced stimulation of MAPKs (ERK 1 & 2) which is mediated partially through calcium-dependent PKC mechanism. To investigate this hypothesis, we exposed primary cultures of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from wistar kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) to increased concentrations of CdCl2 on cell viability, expression of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs/ERK 1 & 2), and protein kinase C (PKC) which are activated by Cd in several cell types. The results from these studies indicate that CdCl2
Biochemical analyses can point to toxicant presence before its effects can be detected at higher organizational levels. We investigated responses of larval mass and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) to different cadmium treatments in 4th instar gypsy moth larvae from 20 full-sib families. Changes in trait values and trait plasticities as well as their variation were monitored after acute and chronic exposure or recovery from two cadmium concentrations (Cd(1) = 10 mu g and Cd(2) = 30 mu g Cd/g dry food). Larval mass only decreased, without returning to the control level at recovery stage following chronic cadmium challenge. Acute stress did not change trait value but increased genetic variance of larval mass. Significant ALP activity changes, sensitivity of isozyme patterns (Mr of 60, 64, and 85 kDa) and increased variation in ALP plasticity during acute exposure to cadmium point to its possible aplication as an exposure biomarker. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved ...
Environmental cadmium exposure is associated with elevated risk of chronic otitis media in adults "Chronic otitis media (COM) is caused by an infection of the middle ear, although it may also be associated with environmental pollutants. Recent reports found that cadmium exposure could be toxic to middle ear cell lines, but the role of cadmium in the development of COM in humans has not been examined to date. We hypothesised that environmental cadmium exposure was associated with an increased risk of COM in the general population. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data for 5331 adults of 20 years of age or above, obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2012. We examined the association between blood cadmium levels and COM diagnosed by an otolaryngologist. RESULTS: The highest quartile group of cadmium blood concentration was associated with an OR of 3.33 (95% CI 1.78 to 7.53) for COM, after adjusting for potential confounding factors. Doubling blood ...
Cadmium (Cd) is among the most widespread and toxic heavy metal in several part of the world. Its toxicity in soil is becoming a severe threat to living organism worldwide. It is one of the main pollutants in paddy fields near industrial areas and highly toxic to plant growth and development of the plants. Cd can be easily taken up by plants and enter the food chain. Therefore, precautionary measurements should be done to reduce accumulation of Cd in crops to alleviate the risk of health hazards in response to Cd-polluted soils. Several strategies have been proposed for the successful management of the Cd-contaminated in crops. One approach, applicable on slightly contaminated soils, is selection of plant genotypes with high ability to repress root uptake and shoot transport of Cd which could be a reasonable approach to alleviate adverse effects of Cd toxicity in crops. Moreover, the toxic effect of Cd can be decreased by proper application of essential nutrients such as Zn, S and N fertilizers Cd
Previous U.S. population modeling studies have reported that urinary cadmium (Cd) excretion patterns differ with age, sex, and dietary exposure; associations between Cd exposures and health outcomes also have differed by age and sex. Therefore, it is important to test models used to estimate Cd exposures across an expanded Cd-exposure range.,We estimated relative Cd exposures from both diet and smoking in low- and high-exposure scenarios to provide data for improving risk assessment calculations.,We used a Cd toxicokinetic-based model to estimate Cd exposures based on urinary Cd levels measured for 399 persons in a low-exposure area (Bangkok) and 6,747 persons in a high-exposure area (Mae Sot) in Thailand.,In Bangkok, we estimated dietary Cd exposures of 50-56 µg/day for males and 21-27 µg/day for females 20-59 years of age who never smoked. In Mae Sot, we estimated dietary Cd exposures of 188-224 µg/day for males and 99-113 µg/day for females 20-59 years of age who never smoked. In Bangkok, ...
Cadmium (Cd2+) is a known nephrotoxin causing tubular necrosis during acute exposure and potentially contributing to renal failure in chronic long-term exposure. To investigate changes in global gene expression elicited by cadmium, an in-vitro exposure system was developed from cultures of human renal epithelial cells derived from cortical tissue obtained from nephrectomies. These cultures exhibit many of the qualities of proximal tubule cells. Using these cells, a study was performed to determine the cadmium-induced global gene expression changes after short-term (1 day, 9, 27, and 45 μM) and long-term cadmium exposure (13 days, 4.5, 9, and 27 μM). These studies revealed fundamental differences in the types of genes expressed during each of these time points. The obtained data was further analyzed using regression to identify cadmium toxicity responsive genes. Regression analysis showed 403 genes were induced and 522 genes were repressed by Cd2+ within 1 day, and 366 and 517 genes were induced and
The effect of Cd (10, 100, and 200 μM) on tissue contents of macronutrients (N, P, K, Ca, Mg) and micronutrients (Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn) was investigated in hydroponically grown soybean (Glycine max) seedlin
prepared by Syracuse Research Corporation under contract no. 200-2004-09793; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. : "Chemical manager(s)/author(s): Obaid F ...
Introduction Agricultural soils in Iran, as in many other countries, are slightly to moderately contaminated by cadmium. According to some published reports, the average content of cadmium in some agricultural products and soils of Iran was found to be above the FAO/WHO guidelines. Abiotic stresses including cadmium stress can lead to overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) causing progressive oxidative damage and ultimately cell death. In order to reduce cadmium-induced toxicity and alleviate some adverse effects of this metal on plants, a number of strategies including phytoremediation have been developed. Meanwhile, it was found that application of some elements such as calcium could diminish adverse effects of heavy metals in plants. In addition to calcium, selenium due to its potential in mitigation of cadmium toxicity has gained increased attention in recent decades. Selenium, as an antioxidant, plays an important role in the maintenance of human health, and on the other hand, many ...
A Comparative Study of Metallothionein Gene Expression in Peripheral Lymphocytes and Blood Cadmium Level among Die Casting Male Workers
TY - JOUR. T1 - Adverse effects of cadmium exposure on mouse sperm. AU - Oliveira, Helena. AU - Spanò, Marcello. AU - Santos, Conceição. AU - Pereira, Maria de Lourdes. PY - 2009/12. Y1 - 2009/12. N2 - The effects of cadmium chloride exposure on sperm functional parameters were evaluated on eight-week-old ICR-CD1 male mice administered with a single s.c. injection of 1, 2 and 3 mg CdCl2/kg bw. Groups of animals treated with each dose, as well as their respective controls, were sacrificed after 24 h to detect short-term (acute) effects and after 35 days. Sperm cells were collected from the epididymis and several parameters of sperm quality and function were evaluated, namely density, morphology, motility, viability, mitochondrial function, acrosome integrity, together with DNA fragmentation assessed by the TUNEL assay. The short-term effects of cadmium chloride resulted in an increased fraction of sperm with abnormal morphology, premature acrosome reaction and reduced motility. Late term ...
A significant reduction of kallikrein activity in urine (assayed by its amidolytic activity) was found in 64 normotensive workers who had been exposed to cadmium for 11 years on average and whose cadmium concentrations in urine ranged from 2.2 to 33.1 micrograms/g creatinine. The mean (geometric) urinary kallikrein activity (in U/g creatinine) amounted to 0.52 (range 0.11-1.90) in the control group (n = 193) against 0.39 (range 0.10-1.03) in the cadmium group, and the prevalence of abnormally low activity levels (less than or equal to 0.20 U/g creatinine) amounted to 17.2% in the cadmium group against 5.2% in the control group. A reduction of aldosterone release (aldosterone in urine) associated with an increased natriuresis was also observed. This might constitute a compensatory mechanism maintaining blood pressure in the normal range. These biological effects of cadmium were not reversible after removal from exposure. This study indicates that cadmium can induce an irreversible toxic effect in ...
Tan HW, Xu YM, Wu DD, Lau AT. Recent insights into human bronchial proteomics - how are we progressing and what is next? Expert review of proteomics . 2017. doi: 10.1080/14789450.2017.1417847. PubMed PMID: 29260600.. • Huang SJ, Xu YM, Lau AT. Electronic cigarette: A recent update of its toxic effects on humans. J Cell Physiol. 2017. doi: 10.1002/jcp.26352. PubMed PMID: 29215738.. • Zheng W, Xu YM, Wu DD, Yao Y, Liang ZL, Tan HW, Lau AT. Acute and chronic cadmium telluride quantum dots-exposed human bronchial epithelial cells: The effects of particle sizes on their cytotoxicity and carcinogenicity. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017; 495(1):899-903. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.11.074. PubMed PMID: 29137979.. • Xu YM, Yu FY, Lau AT. Discovering Epimodifications of the Genome, Transcriptome, Proteome, and Metabolome: the Quest for Conquering the Uncharted Epi(c) Territories. Current Pharmacology Reports. 2017;3(5):286-93. doi: 10.1007/s40495-017-0103-4.. • Cai NL, Lau AT, Yu FY, Wu DD, Dai LJ, ...
The cadmium (Cd) contaminated rice fields in Mae Sot District, Tak Province, Thailand has been one of the major environmental problems in Thailand for the last 10 years. We used disability adjusted life years (DALYs) to estimate the burden of disease attributable to Cd in terms of additional DALYs of Mae Sot residents. Cd exposure data included Cd and β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) in urine (as an internal exposure dose) and estimated cadmium daily intake (as an external exposure dose). Compared to the general Thai population, Mae Sot residents gained 10%-86% DALYs from nephrosis/nephritis, heart diseases, osteoporosis and cancer depending on their Cd exposure type and exposure level. The results for urinary Cd and dietary Cd intake varied according to the studies used for risk estimation. The ceiling effect was observed in results using dietary Cd intake because of the high Cd content in rice grown in the Mae Sot area. The results from β2-MG were more robust with additional DALYs ranging from 36%-86%
In studies with mouse and rat, effects on development were observed after oral and inhalatory exposure to cadmium compounds. Neurobehavioural changes were reported in the absence of maternal toxicity but the robustness of these observations was not sufficient to derive an appropriate NOAEL. It is suggested that further studies are needed to better document the possible effects of cadmium on the developing brain (ECB, 2007). No clear evidence indicates that cadmium has adverse effects on the development of offprings from women exposed indirectly via the environment or occupationally. Effects on birth weight, motor and perceptual abilities of offsprings have been reported by some authors. However, these studies suffer from drawbacks either in the definition of the study postulation, the definition of the effects, or in the assessment of exposure. Moreover, it is not clear whether the effects on psychomotor development were related to cadmium or to a simultaneous exposure to other substances such ...
The accumulation of cadmium in plants cause a variety of physiological, biochemical and structural changes, while selenium that is often used in the process of biofortification of plants can significantly change the plants response to cadmium treatment. The main aim of this study was to determine the effect of cadmium on antioxidant enzyme gene expression in the roots and shoots of two varieties of wheat (Divana and Srpanjka) seedlings enriched with selenium. Enzymes that were observed in this study were glutathione S-transferase, Cu, Zn-Superoxid-Dismutase and catalase The effect of cadmium on antioxidant enzyme gene expression depended on the type of cultivar and the type of plant organ (root or shoot). Cadmium treatment affected the expression of glutathione S-transferase the most.The effect of cadmium on decrease in antioxidant enzyme gene expression was much more visible in the roots than in the shoots. Variety Divana was shown to be more sensitive to cadmium treatment than variety Srpanjka ...
Cadmium is a carcinogenic heavy metal. Urinary levels of cadmium are considered to be an indicator of long-term body burden, as cadmium accumulates in the kidneys and has a half-life of at least 10 years. However, the temporal stability of the biomarker in urine samples from a non-occupationally exposed population has not been rigorously established. We used repeated measurements of urinary cadmium (U-Cd) in spot urine samples and first morning voids from two separate cohorts, to assess the temporal stability of the samples.
Journal of Toxicology is a peer-reviewed, Open Access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies in all areas of toxicological sciences. The journal will consider articles looking at the structure, function, and mechanism of agents that are toxic to humans and/or animals, as well as toxicological medicine, risk assessment, safety evaluation, and environmental health.
In this large population-based prospective cohort of postmenopausal women, estimated dietary cadmium was associated with an increased breast cancer incidence. Results by ER subtype were fairly similar, although not statistically significant for ER−. The associations were more pronounced when taking the consumption of whole grain and vegetables into account, foods that account for about 40% of the dietary cadmium exposure, but that are also important sources of phytochemicals with proposed anticarcinogenic properties.. We undertook several steps in the analysis to reveal the possible estrogenic effects of cadmium. First, we restricted the analysis to include only postmenopausal women to avoid the effect of ovary-produced estrogens. Second, because estrogen is mainly produced in adipose tissue after menopause and estrogen-related exposures such as BMI are associated specifically with ER+ tumors (42-44), the analysis was stratified by BMI. This stratification revealed a slight increase in point ...
Cadmium is a kind of metal, which is naturally found as a compound with other elements. There are many uses of cadmium, such as batteries, cigarette smoke, pigments, metal coatings, plastics, and appears a lot in industrial waste. The consequences of u...
Exposure levels and exposure sources. Among subjects in this study, age, sex, smoking, and locality were sources of U-Cd variability. A comparison of observed U-Cd data from males and females who never smoked in the 20- to 39-year-old and 40- to 59-year-old groups in Mae Sot with respective counterparts in Bangkok indicated overall Cd exposure levels in Mae Sot to be 3- to 3.8-times greater than in Bangkok. Evidence supporting diet as a major source of high Cd exposures in Mae Sot comes from a previous report indicating that Cd levels in most staple food (rice) samples from Mae Sot were above the permissible limit of 0.2 mg/kg (Swaddiwudhipong et al. 2007). In another report, Cd content in 524 rice samples was 0.05-7.7 mg/kg, with over 90% of samples , 0.2 mg/kg (Simmons et al. 2005). Further, U-Cd levels were higher among persons who consumed locally grown rice compared with those who consumed rice purchased from other areas (Swaddiwudhipong et al. 2007). U-Cd levels were also higher in Mae Sot ...
Since cadmium compounds are often found in association with zinc ores, cadmium oxide is a common by-product of zinc refining. It is produced by burning elemental cadmium in air. Pyrolysis of other cadmium compounds, such as the nitrate or the carbonate, also affords this oxide. When pure, it is red, but CdO is unusual in being available in many differing colours due to its tendency to form defect structures resulting from anion vacancies. Cadmium oxide is prepared commercially by oxidizing cadmium vapor in air. ...
Metallic Salts | Metallic Oxides - Offering metallic salts and metallic oxides like cadmium nitrate, cadmium carbonate, cadmium citrate, cobalt sulphate monohydrate, cobalt sulphate heptahydrate, nickel acetate tetrahydrate, nickel ammonium sulphate, nickel nitrate hexahydrate, nickel oxide, stannous oxalate and cobalt carbonate hydrate.
Sigma-Aldrich offers Aldrich-202908, Cadmium chloride for your research needs. Find product specific information including CAS, MSDS, protocols and references.
Page contains details about cadmium chloride nanocrystals . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
Cadmium (Cd) Physical character: Atomic Weight: 112.41 Electronegative: 1.4-1.69 Density: ρ=2.0 g/cm3 Melting Point: mp: 320.9 ℃ Boiling Point: bp: 765 ℃ Specification: High Purity Cadmium: Cd-05 Grade 99.999. The content of Cadmium is above...
CADMIUM METALLICUM(Cadmium)MENTAL SYMPTOMS OR CADMIUM pathogenesis METALLICUM1 - () Hypersensitive, irritable. 0 indifferent, and does not want to see anyone.2 Memory weakened.
Although welding is an industrial process with well-known health effects, the effects of heavy metal exposure on the respiratory system during welding are largely unknown. In this study, we...
Cadmium bromide tetrahydrate 13464-92-1 NMR spectrum, Cadmium bromide tetrahydrate H-NMR spectral analysis, Cadmium bromide tetrahydrate C-NMR spectral analysis ect.
Exposure to the harmful metal, which can cause illness and cancer in cases of chronic contact, can be more easily monitored by workers and supervisors with a new OSHA online endeavor.
M. Cd concentration was expressed as mg?g21 wet weight tissue.Determination of H2O2 contentFrozen gill segments (0.1 g) were homogenized in a 1:9 (w/v) 50 mM pH
Cadmium poisoning is a very serious health issue that often goes undiagnosed; its somewhat generic symptoms include things like chronic anxiety, stomach pains, kidney damage and even death. But a cohort of scientific literature reveals that regular supplementation with high-dose vitamin C combined with a healthy diet may help block the absorption of cadmium, and potentially even accelerate its natural detoxification from the body. ...
Cadmium Yellow Deep is a warm yellow opaque pigment. It is a genuine single pigment colour with excellent tinting qualities. A by-product of the zinc industry, Cadmium was discovered in 1817.. ...
Cadmium un sien cheemsch Verbinnen sünd al in lütte Kunzentratschoon giftig. In Deerversöken is nawiest worrn, dat Cadmium Krebs utlösen kann un dat Arvmaterial as ok de Frucht schaden deit. Inn Lief vun en utwassen Minsch sünd ruchweg 30 mg Cadmium, wat för den Opbo vunn Lief aver gor nich bruukt warrt. Dat höört to de nichessentiellen cheemschen Elementen.. Dat Opnehmen vun lösliche Cadmium-Solten övern Mund kann to Breken un to Stören in Verdauenstrakt föhren, as ok to Lebberschadens un Rammen. Dat Inaten vun Cadmiumdamp löst Koppweh ut un reizt de Atenweeg. Chronische Vergiften mit Cadmium wiest sik inn Utfall vunt Rööksinn, Geelfarven vun de Tähnhalsen, Bloodarmoot un Warvelwehdaag. In en latert Stadium föhrt dat to Schadens ant Knakenmark un to Osteoporoos. In Verroop kamenis Cadmium vör allen siet dat Vörkamen vun de Itai-Itai-Krankheit in Japan, de swore Ännern vunt Skelett veroorsaakt un faken mitn Dood ennt. Sünners slecht is dat Anriekern vun Cadmium in ...
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Nishijo et al. BMC Public Health 2014, 14:702 RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Risk assessment for Thai population: benchmark dose of urinary and blood cadmium levels for renal effects by hybrid approach of
The CSV is a delimited data format that has fields/columns separated by the semicolon character and records/rows separated by newlines. Fields that may contain a special character (semicolon, newline, or double quote), are enclosed in double quotes. For an easier handling, the list of Pre-registered substances is available in four parts ordered by EC number. They contain the same information as the following full list.. ...
Question 5: While the cadmium concentration in both the fuel dissolution liquor and the PUREX_raffinate is very low, the polymeric complex of ________ of diethyl phosphate is shown in the left image. ...
Read at Washington D. C. Convention. The title of this paper is somewhat misleading. I do not propose to deal with the problems met with in plating with cadmium, but rather with a few problems which we have encountered when articles which are already cadmium plated are further handled in the course of a manufacturing process.. I must point out from the beginning that I have limited myself to the kind of plate which is obtained by means of the Udylite process whereby pure cadmium is deposited. This distinction is quite essential in case of some of the topics which I am going to dwell on. We have, for example, experimented with one type of cadmium plate to which solder does not seem to adhere. Another type offers serious complications in regard to lacquering.. All of you gentlemen have doubtlessly noticed how easily some pieces in a tank receive less plate than others; very often considerably less. The reason is often found to be due to oxidation of the hook) or the hook may be bent a little ...
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An excellent specimen of the rare variety Cadimium rich Willemite, from the Tsumeb Mine, Namibia. The specimen displays two areas of rare elongated parallel yellow habit prismatic crystals of Cadmium Willemite measuring to 2.7cm.
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Cadmium levels were considerably high in adolescents with and without metabolic syndrome, and levels had positive but nonsignificant association with some cardiometabolic risk factors and liver enzymes; the associations did not reach statistical significance, perhaps due to high levels of cadmium in both groups or because of the young age of participants ...
Bagi erin, makan 100mg clomid and 150mg clomid x banyak sangat perubahan pada telur. makan 100mg ade 2 biji telur matang. makan 150mg ade 2 biji jugak telur matang + 2 biji telur x matang.telur x matang tu akan pecah ke tidak? ketebalan uterus plak, bile makan 100mg uterus lagi tebal dari makan 150mg (9.7mm vs 8.6mm). so, erin rasa clomid 100mg sudah memadai utk erin.erin bgtau kat dokter, ni last cycle erin on clomid. next nak terus proceed IUI. pastu dokter kate if nak terus proceed IUI kena makan clomid 100mg CD2-CD6 and dtg clinic either CD1, CD2 or CD3 for injection.dokter nak bagi set injection tu skali..huhhh..seram jugak dengar. tapi erin kena get ready la utk inject2 ni kan. nak baby punya pasal. Harapnye kitorg x sempat pon la buat IUI ni. terus preggy. Syukur Alhamdulillah.. ;) ...
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Publikations-Datenbank der Fraunhofer Wissenschaftler und Institute: Aufsätze, Studien, Forschungsberichte, Konferenzbeiträge, Tagungsbände, Patente und Gebrauchsmuster
Landolt-Börnstein - Group II Molecules and Radicals | Volume 29A1 | Book DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-69954-5 | SpringerMaterials 2012
MSRP $$54.95 Capacity: D/SLR body with one lens and accessories For a fast-shooting, single camera/single lens combination, this holster-style bag is the way to go. Slide in your D/SLR with lens ...
A two-DVD compilation of lo-fi rockers Pavements career. The first DVD features the bands 13 videos, plus alternate shoots of three videos, and an (ex...
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Here you can find all of the regulations and regulatory lists in which this substance appears, according to the data available to ECHA. This substance has been found in the following regulatory activities (directly, or inheriting the regulatory context of a parent substance):. ...
GO:0046686. Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cadmium (Cd) ion stimulus. ...
GO:0046686. Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.) as a result of a cadmium (Cd) ion stimulus. ...
The Phillies may have finished third in the National League East last season and again this offseason, but that doesnt mean they have to finish anywhere other than first once the season begins. - Bob Brookover, Philadelphia Inquirer
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A 28-year-old female presented for evaluation of left flank pain and polyuria after having been exposed to cadmium in the jewelry manufacturing industry for approximately 3 years. This patient possessed both elevated 24-hr urinary Î²[sub 2]-microglobulin and elevated blood cadmium levels. Approximately 6 months after initial presentation, the patient resigned from her job due to shortness of breath, chest pain, and anxiety. Exposure to cadmium in the jewelry industry is a significant source of occupational cadmium exposure. Other occupational sources include the manufacture of nickel-cadmium batteries, metal plating, zinc and lead refining, smelting of cadmium and lead, and production of plastics. Cadmium is also an environmental pollutant that accumulates in leafy vegetables and plants, including tobacco. Major toxicities anticipated from cadmium exposure involve the renal, pulmonary, and, to a lesser extent, gastrointestinal systems. These include the development of renal proximal tubular ...
Looking for online definition of Cadmium chloride in the Medical Dictionary? Cadmium chloride explanation free. What is Cadmium chloride? Meaning of Cadmium chloride medical term. What does Cadmium chloride mean?
Cadmium is an element that occurs naturally in the earths crust.ï¿½ Pure cadmium is a soft, silver-white metal.ï¿½ Cadmium is not usually present in the environment as a pure metal, but as a mineral combined with other elements such as oxygen (cadmium oxide), chlorine (cadmium chloride), or sulfur (cadmium sulfate, cadmium sulfide).ï¿½ Cadmium is most often present in nature as complex oxides, sulfides, and carbonates in zinc, lead, and copper ores. It is rarely present in large quantities as the chlorides and sulfates.ï¿½ These different forms of cadmium compounds are solids that dissolve in water to varying degrees.ï¿½ The chlorides and sulfates are the forms that most easily dissolve in water.ï¿½ Cadmium may change forms, but the cadmium metal itself does not disappear from the environment.ï¿½ Knowing the particular form of cadmium, however, is very important when determining the risk of potential adverse health effects.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cadmium exposure exerts neurotoxic effects in peacock blennies Salaria pavo. AU - Naïja,Azza. AU - Kestemont,Patrick. AU - Chénais,Benoit. AU - Haouas,Zohra. AU - Blust,Ronny. AU - Helal,Ahmed Noureddine. AU - Marchand,Justine. PY - 2017/9/1. Y1 - 2017/9/1. N2 - Cadmium (Cd) is considered as an important factor involved in several neurological disturbances. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of Cd in the brain of peacock blennies Salaria pavo, a species used as a bioindicator of water pollution. A sublethal contamination of 2 mg CdCl2 L−1 was performed over periods of 1, 4, 10 and 15 days. Total Cd accumulation was measured in brains and displayed low concentrations throughout the experiment. Partial-length cDNA of different ATP-binding cassette transporters (abcb1, abcc1, abcc2, abcg2 proteins) and acetylcholinesterase (ache) were characterized. mRNA expressions profiles displayed an up-regulation of abcc2 mRNA after 4 days of Cd exposure only while abcg2 mRNA ...
A quick health warning: be cautious of consuming rice in China.. A study has recently found that some 10 percent of rice sold in China is contaminated with cadmium - chemical that leads to softening of the bones and kidney failure.. This heavy metal was mostly detected in rice produced in southern parts of China including Jiangxi, Hunan and Guangdong provinces. This highlights a prominent but ongoing problem of Chinese soil being polluted with heavy metals discharged from massive mining operations and other industrial activities over the years.. Other chemical substances including lead have also been detected in rice, according to a study by Nanjing Agricultural University.. Dozens of residents in Sidi village, Yangshuo county, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, where cadmium pollution is heavy, are suspected of having the symptoms of itai-itai disease, which is characterized by pain in the joints and the spine.. Statistics from the Guilin Institute of Technology showed that the level of ...
Cadmium poisoning can also cause softening of the bones and kidney failure. The cadmium was released into rivers by mining ... Due to the cadmium poisoning, the fish in the river started to die, and the rice irrigated with river water did not grow well.[ ... One of the main effects of cadmium poisoning is weak and brittle bones. Spinal and leg pain is common, and a waddling gait ... Itai-itai disease (イタイイタイ病, itai-itai byō, "it hurts-it hurts disease") was the name given to the mass cadmium poisoning of ...
It is believed that over 500 cases of cadmium poisoning have occurred. The health impact combined with the risk to their ... Comparisons have been drawn with the Itai-itai disease, which caused similar symptoms and was caused by cadmium poisoning from ... While the government maintained their position that poisoning is not the cause of this illness, it did admit to high pollution ... After the government ran blood and urine tests, an official statement pushed back on the theory of poisoning. However, ...
The metals in the beads put fish and other marine lifeforms at risk for lead and cadmium poisoning. Exposure to these metals in ... Eating seafood contaminated with lead and cadmium puts people at risk for poisoning. Beads also can get tangled in trees during ... Cadmium has been shown to be carcinogenic due to interactions with DNA topoisomerase IIα. This enzyme helps facilitate cell ... Lead, cadmium, and other elements have been detected in beads in extremely high amounts through various analytical techniques. ...
... inadequate management and regulation of zinc mining has resulted in widespread cadmium poisoning. Wang Jingfeng (March 1, 2013 ...
Mitsui Mining began to discharge cadmium into the Jinzū River in 1910. The cadmium poisoned the river, thus poisoning locals' ... The cause of itai-itai disease was determined to be cadmium poisoning in the drinking water from the Jinzū River basin. The ... This meant that they had to ensure that the land that was poisoned was returned to a safe and cultivable state. The first ... Mitsui Mining formally admitted that itai-itai disease was caused by their discharge of cadmium into the Jinzū River. Mitsui ...
Lead and cadmium: lead and cadmium poisoning can lead to gastrointestinal, kidney, and neurological dysfunction. The use of ... Either ingestion or faulty metabolic pathways can lead to metal poisoning. Sources of toxic metals include cadmium from tobacco ... Toxic metal poisoning is usually treated with some type of chelating agent. Heavy metal poisoning, e.g., Hg, Cd, Pb, are ... Mercury poisoning can lead to neurological disease and kidney failure if left untreated. Iron: iron toxicity, iron poisoning, ...
The company was responsible for cadmium poisoning on Tsushima Island in the late twentieth century. The company is Japan's ...
Octopus heads are high in selenium and are a risk for cadmium poisoning, even in small amounts. In 2010, over 29 mg of cadmium- ... "Poisonous Cadmium Found in Octopus Heads". Arirang News. September 13, 2010. Media related to Octopus-based food at Wikimedia ...
... announced the cause of Itai-itai disease as cadmium poisoning. Itai-itai disease (meaning "ouch ouch" disease in Japanese), was ...
... can lead to cadmium poisoning. Pastel artists, who use the pigments without a strong painting binder, are especially ... susceptible to such poisoning. For this reason, many modern pastels are made using substitutions for cadmium, chromium, and ... For example, exposure to cadmium pigments, which are common and popular bright yellows, oranges, and reds, ...
However, pollution by heavy metals, such as cadmium in irrigation water, has resulted in poisoning of many acres of ... Liu Hongqiao (March 1, 2013). "The Poison Eaters of Gansu Province: Pollution is not a problem some western farmers can choose ...
Vapour from cadmium-containing alloys is also known to pose a danger to humans. Cadmium poisoning carries the risk of cancer, ... cadmium by weight. The alloy is named for Barnabas Wood. Wood's metal is useful as a low-melting solder, low-temperature ... Wood's metal is toxic because it contains lead and cadmium, and therefore contact with the bare skin is thought to be harmful, ...
Because of its heavy industry, Stolberg has become associated with diseases of metal poisoning, literally "Gressenich cadmium ...
Cadmium poisoning from industrial waste in Toyama Prefecture was discovered to be the cause of the extremely painful itai-itai ... One of the earliest cases was the copper poisoning caused by drainage from the Ashio Copper Mine in Tochigi prefecture, ... "ouch ouch sickness"). People in Minamata City in Kumamoto Prefecture were poisoned by methylmercury drained from the chemical ... In the early 1970s, chronic arsenic poisoning attributed to dust from arsenic mines occurred in Shimane and Miyazaki ...
June - McDonald's recalled the Shrek Forever After drinking glasses due to risks of cadmium poisoning from the glass' paint ... Worldwide: June 2007: The Thomas and Friends Wooden Railway toys were recalled due to risks of lead poisoning from the paint ... USA (1986): 1986 Excedrin Tampering A few bottles of Excedrin were poisoned with cyanide. 2 people died, and 1 recovered in the ... Contamination control Duty to warn FDA Recall Classification Levels Lead poisoning Toy safety Track and trace Mashaw, Jerry L ...
Brazing and soldering can also cause metal poisoning due to exposure to lead, zinc, copper, or cadmium. In extreme cases, ... Cadmium is often replaced by other metals. Zinc or nickel plating can be used instead of cadmium plating, and brazing filler ... It may also be caused by electroplated surfaces or metal-rich anti-corrosion paint, such as cadmium passivated steel or zinc ... "Cadmium and you - working with Cadmium - are you at risk?" (pdf). HSE (UK). External link in ,publisher= (help) http://www. ...
... mercury poisoning in Japan (1950s and 1960s) Ontario Minamata disease in Canada Itai-itai disease, due to cadmium poisoning in ... mercury poisoning in Japan Mercury in fish Ocean acidification due to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions Industrial waste ... severely polluting the Rhine in 1986 Selenium poisoning of wildlife due to farm runoff used to create Kesterson National ...
Long-term anticonvulsant therapy Celiac disease Cadmium poisoning, itai-itai disease Biochemical features are similar to those ...
Foster Kennedy syndrome Cadmium poisoning Smoking Neurotropic virus Schizophrenia Pernicious anemia Zinc deficiency Bell's ... Rose CS, Heywood PG, Costanzo RM (June 1992). "Olfactory impairment after chronic occupational cadmium exposure". Journal of ... Rydzewski B, Sułkowski W, Miarzyńska M (1998). "Olfactory disorders induced by cadmium exposure: a clinical study". ... methacrylates and cadmium) Old age Kallmann syndrome Primary ciliary dyskinesia Post-perfusion syndrome Laryngectomy with ...
The mechanism of toxicity of this substance is related to cadmium poisoning and exposure to borates and hydrofluoric acid. The ... Cadmium tetrafluoroborate may be prepared from the reaction between an aqueous solution of fluoroboric acid and cadmium ... cadmium tetrafluoroborate". Fresenius' Zeitschrift für analytische Chemie. 320 (1): 22-28. doi:10.1007/BF00481073. "Cadmium ... combustion of Cadmium tetrafluoroborate produces hazardous decomposition products including Cd/Cadmium oxide and hydrogen ...
... cadmium concentrations may be useful in fatalities resulting from either acute or chronic poisoning. Cadmium concentrations in ... In extreme cases of cadmium poisoning, mere body weight causes a fracture. The kidneys lose their function to remove acids from ... The kidney damage inflicted by cadmium poisoning is irreversible. The proximal renal tubular dysfunction creates low phosphate ... Cadmium is also present in the manufacturing of some types of batteries. Exposures to cadmium are addressed in specific ...
Neathery, M.; Miller, W. (1 December 1975). "Metabolism and toxicity of cadmium, mercury, and lead in animals: a review" (Free ... 2008). "The symptoms and treatment of industrial poisoning". Industrial Poisoning from Fumes, Gases, and Poisons of ... Lead poisoning in a pet dog may indicate that children in the same household are at increased risk for elevated lead levels. ... Animal lead poisoning (also known as avian plumbism, or avian saturnism for birds) is a veterinary condition and pathology ...
... as the bioaccumulation of mercury in a food chain leading to an increase in illnesses caused by mercury and cadmium poisoning. ... Cadmium is isolated from the zinc produced from the flue dust by vacuum distillation if the zinc is smelted, or cadmium sulfate ... Zinc and cadmium are electropositive while mercury is not. As a result, zinc and cadmium metal are good reducing agents. The ... Cadmium has many common industrial uses as it is a key component in battery production, is present in cadmium pigments, ...
... is used in the control rods of nuclear reactors, acting as a very effective "neutron poison" to control neutron flux in ... Cadmium is a component of some compound semiconductors, such as cadmium sulfide, cadmium selenide, and cadmium telluride, used ... and nitric acid dissolve cadmium by forming cadmium chloride (CdCl2), cadmium sulfate (CdSO4), or cadmium nitrate (Cd(NO3)2). ... Cadmium selenide is a red pigment, commonly called cadmium red. To painters who work with the pigment, cadmium provides the ...
... "cadmium sheets" (also a "poison") on November 11, 1960, two months before the accident. Corrective actions to the flaking off ... In the case of an ejected control assembly or poison, it is possible for the reactor to become critical on the prompt neutrons ... had cadmium shims after November 11, 1960, or were filled with test sensors, and were shaped like the capital letter T. The ... thick cadmium, clad with 80 mils (2.0 mm) of aluminum. They had an overall span of 14 inches (36 cm) and an effective length of ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... The high radioactivity of lawrencium would make it highly toxic to living cells, causing radiation poisoning. The same is true ... The radioactivity of the actinides generally makes them highly toxic to living cells, causing radiation poisoning. ...
Cadmium chloride explanation free. What is Cadmium chloride? Meaning of Cadmium chloride medical term. What does Cadmium ... Looking for online definition of Cadmium chloride in the Medical Dictionary? ... cadmium. chemical element, atomic number 48, symbol Cd; its salts are poisonous. See Table 6. Poisoning in animals may be ... cadmium. (redirected from Cadmium chloride). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. cadmium. (Cd) [kad´ ...
... cadmium concentrations may be useful in fatalities resulting from either acute or chronic poisoning. Cadmium concentrations in ... In extreme cases of cadmium poisoning, mere body weight causes a fracture. The kidneys lose their function to remove acids from ... The kidney damage inflicted by cadmium poisoning is irreversible. The proximal renal tubular dysfunction creates low phosphate ... Cadmium is also present in the manufacturing of some types of batteries. Exposures to cadmium are addressed in specific ...
Serum cadmium levels at delivery were measured in a consecutive sample of 100 mother-infant pairs in Egypt using venous blood ... In utero exposure to cadmium pollution in Cairo and Giza governorates of Egypt ...
WHO Study Group on Recommended Health-Based Limits in Occupational Exposure to Heavy Metals; World Health Organization (Genève : Organisation mondiale de la Santé, 1980) ...
... code-named Cadmium) to engage in illegal lending with Qatar at the height of the financial crisis. ... The toxic nature of the organisations corporate governance may be responsible for its own code word (Cadmium) to describe the ... The SFO dubbed its investigation "Mirror." Barclays refers to it as "Cadmium," named-perhaps ironically-after the toxic ...
Cadmium information including symptoms, diagnosis, misdiagnosis, treatment, causes, patient stories, videos, forums, prevention ... Cadmium: *Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium *What is Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium? *Prognosis of Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium * ... Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium: Introduction. Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium: Cadmium is a chemical used mainly in batteries, ... Causes of Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium *Risk Factors for Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium *Symptoms of Chemical poisoning -- ...
Adidas battery Cadmium poisoning China Climate Change globalization GP JetPower lead poisoning Maersk Ole Wolff WTO More ... Cadmium dangers long known. This is not the first time people have been poisoned by cadmium. The problem was first documented ... Home » Environmental Justice » Heavy Metal Pollution » Cadmium Pollution. Poisoned by cadmium Hunan villagers step up protests ... Both have cadmium poisoning, but her symptoms are more serious. He has already watched his older brother, Shuzhi, die. ...
The study group consisted of 76 males exposed to cadmium fumes and dusts in a cadmium recovery facility (group 1) and 75 males ... group 2) and 109 males (group 3) employed at a nickel/cadmium battery factory. The group 2 subjects had a comparison group of ... Chronic renal effects in populations occupationally exposed to cadmium (7440439) were examined. ... NIOSH-Author; Heavy-metals; Occupational-exposure; Urinalysis; Cadmium-poisoning; Epidemiology; Kidney-damage; Biochemical- ...
Find out how cadmium could be slowly destroying your bones below. ... Are You At-Risk for Cadmium Poisoning?. According to studies, cadmium is present throughout most of the world. The earths ... How to Counteract Cadmium Exposure. Although there isnt much you can do to reduce your cadmium risk (aside from moving if you ... The Dangers of Cadmium. Cadmium is a potentially toxic metal, with many of the same risks as other metals. Metals like aluminum ...
More information on the adverse effects of cadmium and the treatment and management of persons exposed to cadmium can be ... Cadmium chemical pneumonitis. Chest 86:789-91.. Benton DC, Andrews GS, Davies HJ, et al. 1996. Acute cadmium fume poisoning; ... The Poison Control Center may be contacted for questions about poisons and poisonings. The web site provides information about ... Additional sources of information on cadmium.. *American Association of Poison Control Centers (1-800-222-1222 or www.aapcc.org ...
5. Beton DC, Andrews GS, Davies HJ, Howells L, Smith GF . Acute cadmium fume poisoning: five cases with one death from ... 6. Bulmer FMR, Rothwell NF, Frankish ER . Industrial cadmium poisoning, a report of fifteen cases, including two deaths. ... 3. Barrett HM, Card BY . Studies on the toxicity of inhaled cadmium. II. The acute lethal dose of cadmium oxide for man. ... 4. Barrett HM, Irwin DA, Semmons E . Studies on the toxicity of inhaled cadmium. I. The acute toxicity of cadmium oxide ...
... and cadmium accumulation in selected tissues of broiler chickens were studied. Whether the possible adverse effects of cadmium ... The effects of cadmium on performance, antioxidant defense system, liver and kidney functions, ... Cadmium / blood, pharmacokinetics. Cadmium Poisoning / metabolism*. Chickens / growth & development*, physiology*. Diet. Eating ... Cadmium ingestion did not alter serum creatinine levels. Although the serum cadmium level was not elevated, cadmium mainly ...
Higher than normal concentrations of cadmium in the liver reflect past expo ... Biochemical indicators of renal dysfunction have been compared with liver and kidney cadmium levels measured by neutron ... activation analysis in a group of 37 cadmium smelters. ... Cadmium / analysis*. Cadmium Poisoning / complications. Humans ... A small group of 6 workers exposed to cadmium for only a short time (mean = 4.6 years) had high hepatic cadmium concentrations ...
Samples were taken from 6 different lobuli, and lead and cadmium concentrations were not determined by graphite furnace atomic ... Distribution of lead and cadmium was studied in 25 placentas. ... Cadmium Poisoning / prevention & control. Case-Control Studies ... Distribution of lead and cadmium was studied in 25 placentas. Samples were taken from 6 different lobuli, and lead and cadmium ... Mean lead and cadmium concentrations were low, even in the smelter area (geometric means = 10 ng/g and 3 ng/g wet weight, ...
Like lead, cadmium accumulates mostly in bones and teeth.. *Clues to the diagnosis of chronic cadmium poisoning may include * ... Cadmium is transported in the blood bound to metallothionein.. *The greatest cadmium concentrations are found in the kidneys ... Workers in certain industries are generally exposed to higher levels of cadmium than the general populations since *Cadmium air ... Cadmium Toxicity. Assessment and Posttest Instructions. Course: WB 1096. CE Original Date: May 12, 2008 CE Renewal Date: May 12 ...
... you will be able to describe how patients with cadmium related diseases should be treated and describe how patients with ... What are the most effective treatments for acute cadmium poisoning by ingestion?. A. Standard chelation therapy using calcium ... Cadmium Toxicity. How Should Patients Exposed to Cadmium Be Treated and Managed?. Course: WB 1096. CE Original Date: May 12, ... There is no specific antidote for acute cadmium poisoning.. *Prevention of further exposure is the most important step in ...
Cadmium Toxicity. (Cadmium Poisoning). by Krisha McCoy, MS. Definition. Cadmium toxicity occurs when a person breathes in high ... Cadmium poisoning. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114744/Cadmium-poisoning. ... Cadmium and cadmium compounds. OEHHA website. Available at: https://www.p65warnings.ca.gov/fact-sheets/cadmium-and-cadmium- ... Anyone can develop cadmium toxicity as a result of cadmium exposure. Factors that increase your chances of being exposed to ...
There is no effective treatment for cadmium toxicity. Chelation therapy has no role in cases of cadmium poisoning. Removal from ... Potential sources of cadmium are *cadmium fume (cadmium oxide) generated by use of gold and silver solders during jewelry ... One of the major sources of cadmium exposure in smokers is inhaling cadmium from cigarette smoke. The amount of cadmium ... If you suspect cadmium poisoning, what other questions could help gauge the extent of exposure to the patient described in the ...
Cadmium Poisoning Research. [x] Remove Focus on Cadmium Poisoning Filter by Study Type. Animal Study. ... Quercetin in combination with vitamins (C and E) improves oxidative stress and renal injury in cadmium intoxicated rats.Nov 01 ... Vitamin C and vitamin E protect the rat testes from cadmium-induced reactive oxygen species.Feb 29, 2004. ... Vitamin C and rosemary leaf extract showed ameliorative potential to reduce tissue accumulation of cadmium and associated ...
Synergistic chelation therapy or mixed ligand complexes for plutonium and cadmium poisoning? (reply) *JACK SCHUBERT ... Rights & permissionsfor article Mixed ligand chelate therapy for plutonium and cadmium poisoning . Opens in a new window. ... Rights & permissionsfor article Synergistic chelation therapy or mixed ligand complexes for plutonium and cadmium poisoning? ( ...
... you will be able to identify factors that increase the risk of developing disease following exposure to cadmium ... Chronic cadmium poisoning has occurred with which of the following?. A. In certain areas of the globe with cadmium ... This uptake resulted in unusual levels of exposure to cadmium and the development of a severe form of cadmium poisoning in ... Cadmium Toxicity. What Factors Increase the Risk of Developing Disease from Exposure to Cadmium?. Course: WB 1096. CE Original ...
Not only by eating foods but also breathing air contaminated with cadmium affects human health. How bad it could be depends on ... If handled without care, cadmium is poisonous.. Cadmium and cadmium compounds are classified by the International Agency for ... Effects of Cadmium in Human Health. Cadmium is extremely inevitable. It is not an essential element to human life yet humans ... Cadmium was discovered in 1817 by Fredrich Stromeyer. It was named after cadmia, ancient term of zinc oxide which is still ...
Widely-spread cadmium (Cd) pollution in the soil threatens both crop production and human health. How plants deal with the ... Widely-spread cadmium (Cd) pollution in the soil threatens both crop production and human health. How plants deal with the ... Clemens, S., Aarts, M. G., Thomine, S., and Verbruggen, N. (2013). Plant science: the key to preventing slow cadmium poisoning ... 2015). Cadmium-inducible expression of the ABC-type transporter AtABCC3 increases phytochelatin-mediated cadmium tolerance in ...
... or eats food or drinks water containing high levels of cadmium. Cadmium is a naturally occurring metal. It is usually present ... Either short-term or long-term exposure to cadmium can cause serious health problems. If you suspect you have been exposed to ... Cadmium toxicity occurs when a person breathes in high levels of cadmium from the air, ... Cadmium poisoning. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114744/Cadmium-poisoning. ...
Cadmium-poisoning; Control-measures; Metal-poisoning; Chlorinated-ethanes; Cutting-fluids; Toxicology; Author Keywords: ... the fact that cadmium accumulates in the body over the years and that the long term effects of this accumulation are not well ... it has been determined that exposure of brazers to cadmium (7440439) fumes are potentially toxic at concentrations measured ... understood make it advisable to limit exposure to cadmium as much as possible. Exposures to fumes of copper (7440508), zinc ( ...
- Cadmium is a naturally occurring toxic heavy metal with common exposure in industrial workplaces, plant soils, and from smoking. (wikipedia.org)
- Due to its low permissible exposure to humans, overexposure may occur even in situations where trace quantities of cadmium are found. (wikipedia.org)
- In the 1950s and 1960s industrial exposure to cadmium was high, but as the toxic effects of cadmium became apparent, industrial limits on cadmium exposure have been reduced in most industrialized nations and many policy makers agree on the need to reduce exposure further. (wikipedia.org)
- Serious toxicity problems have resulted from long-term exposure to cadmium plating baths. (wikipedia.org)
- Environmental exposure to cadmium has been particularly problematic in Japan where many people have consumed rice that was grown in cadmium-contaminated irrigation water. (wikipedia.org)
- Smoking is a significant source of cadmium exposure. (wikipedia.org)
- Aside from smokers, people who live near hazardous waste sites or factories that release cadmium into the air have the potential for exposure to cadmium in air. (wikipedia.org)
- Approximately 512,000 workers in the United States are in environments each year where cadmium exposure may occur. (wikipedia.org)
- Regulations that set permissible levels of exposure, however, are enforced to protect workers and to make sure that levels of cadmium in the air are considerably below levels thought to result in harmful effects. (wikipedia.org)
- Barclays refers to it as "Cadmium," named-perhaps ironically-after the toxic chemical element that can produce adverse health effects following chronic exposure. (complianceweek.com)
- Recent studies have shown that exposure to environmental toxins, specifically the heavy metal cadmium, can have a negative effect on your bones- leading to an increased risk for fractures and a reduction in bone density. (progressivehealth.com)
- Ordinarily, a person would have a low exposure risk to cadmium, because it is a metal only found in zinc and in trace amounts. (progressivehealth.com)
- Two studies from China and the United States uncovered the link between bone health and cadmium exposure. (progressivehealth.com)
- The researchers also found that the risk for developing osteoporosis in women jumped from about 30 percent in the control group, to over 50 percent in the cadmium exposure group. (progressivehealth.com)
- In 2007, researchers from the Albertson College of Idaho in the United States looked at cadmium exposure and the risk for developing bone diseases. (progressivehealth.com)
- Both of these studies show that cadmium exposure is highly detrimental to the health of your bones. (progressivehealth.com)
- 1984. Human health effects of exposure to cadmium. (cdc.gov)
- 2000). "Neurobehavioral effects of occupational exposure to cadmium: a cross sectional epidemiological study. (cdc.gov)
- 2003). "Occupational exposure to heavy metals: DNA damage induction and DNA repair inhibition prove co-exposures to cadmium, cobalt and lead as more dangerous than hitherto expected. (cdc.gov)
- The chosen IDLH is based on the statement by ACGIH that an exposure to 9 mg/m 3 cadmium fume for 5 hours is a lethal dose [Beton et al. (cdc.gov)
- It has been reported that exposure to 9 mg/m 3 of cadmium fume for 5 hours is a lethal dose [Beton et al. (cdc.gov)
- Is placenta a good indicator of cadmium and lead exposure? (biomedsearch.com)
- It could be used to monitor cadmium exposure, but if pregnancy outcome is to be studied, consideration should be given to the sampling procedure. (biomedsearch.com)
- For chronic poisoning victims, the most important intervention is prevention of further exposure. (cdc.gov)
- Increased medical monitoring and exposure review is required if urine cadmium is greater then 3µg/gm creatinine, or whole blood cadmium if greater than 5µg/l or urine ß2 microglobulin is greater than 300µg/gm creatinine. (cdc.gov)
- Removal from exposure is required if the urine cadmium is greater than 15 µg/gm creatinine or whole blood cadmium is greater than 15 µg/l or urine ß2 microglobulin than 1,500 µg/gm creatinine. (cdc.gov)
- Prevention of further exposure is the most important step in management of patients with symptoms suggestive of chronic cadmium intoxication. (cdc.gov)
- Either short-term or long-term exposure to cadmium can cause serious health problems. (epnet.com)
- Anyone can develop cadmium toxicity as a result of cadmium exposure. (epnet.com)
- What are the potential sources of cadmium exposure for this patient? (cdc.gov)
- If you suspect cadmium poisoning, what other questions could help gauge the extent of exposure to the patient described in the case study? (cdc.gov)
- Should the patient's neighbors be evaluated for cadmium or other heavy-metal exposure? (cdc.gov)
- Chronic cadmium exposure primarily affects the bones and kidneys and possibly the lungs. (cdc.gov)
- Cadmium (Cd) Toxicity: What Factors Increase the Risk of Developing Disease from Exposure to Cadmium? (cdc.gov)
- This uptake resulted in unusual levels of exposure to cadmium and the development of a severe form of cadmium poisoning in elderly post-menopausal females in that area, called "itai-itai" disease. (cdc.gov)
- According to a publication of the US Environmental Protection Agency, the effects on human health depend on the exposure to cadmium-contaminated air you breath or food you eat. (hubpages.com)
- On the basis of environmental and medical data, observation of work practices and available literature on the toxicity of substances used in the work areas, it has been determined that exposure of brazers to cadmium (7440439) fumes are potentially toxic at concentrations measured during the survey (up to 0.366 milligrams per cubic meter). (cdc.gov)
- Although exposures are sporadic, the fact that cadmium accumulates in the body over the years and that the long term effects of this accumulation are not well understood make it advisable to limit exposure to cadmium as much as possible. (cdc.gov)
- More than 90 percent of people's exposure to cadmium comes from food, according to ATSDR. (healthrealizations.com)
- Cadmium is also used in manufacturing batteries, pigments, metal coatings and plastics, so living near or working in one of these facilities could increase your exposure through air or water (it's estimated that 4,000 to 13,000 tons of cadmium are released into the environment every year due to such processes). (healthrealizations.com)
- There are ways to reduce your exposure to cadmium, particularly if you work in a related industry (metal processing, electroplating, battery manufacture, ore refineries). (healthrealizations.com)
- Maternal cadmium exposure can cause abnormal embryonic development by interfering with normal zinc ion metabolic activities. (thefreedictionary.com)
- describe the laboratory evaluation for the possible health effects of chronic exposure to cadmium. (cdc.gov)
- The health effects of both acute and chronic cadmium exposure are well known. (cdc.gov)
- Therefore, there are medical tests that can measure exposure and cadmium body burden as well as standard and specialized clinical tests to measure the health effects of cadmium exposure. (cdc.gov)
- Blood cadmium indicates recent exposure and urine cadmium indicates body burden (ATSDR 1999). (cdc.gov)
- Initial evaluation of patients with known or suspected chronic cadmium exposure should focus on the kidneys. (cdc.gov)
- Evaluation for chronic cadmium exposure may also include a complete blood count to check for anemia and liver function tests. (cdc.gov)
- In cases with renal complications, a set of skeletal X-rays should be ordered to check for bone-related complications of cadmium exposure such as osteomalacia, osteopenia, and skeletal fractures. (cdc.gov)
- With low to moderate chronic exposure, urinary cadmium reflects integrated exposure over time and total body burden (Jarup 2002). (cdc.gov)
- Urinary cadmium levels do not rise significantly after acute exposure and are not useful for testing in the acute setting. (cdc.gov)
- If the kidney's cadmium binding sites all become saturated after chronic high-level exposure, renal dysfunction results and urine cadmium levels increase dramatically. (cdc.gov)
- Identify U.S. guidelines and regulations for cadmium exposure. (cdc.gov)
- Describe the health effects of acute high-dose cadmium exposure. (cdc.gov)
- Identify the health effects of chronic cadmium exposure. (cdc.gov)
- Discuss the factors leading to the development of renal disease associated with chronic low-level cadmium exposure. (cdc.gov)
- Describe the presentation of a patient with acute high-dose exposure to cadmium. (cdc.gov)
- Describe the workup of a patient who presents with chronic low-level exposure to cadmium. (cdc.gov)
- Exposure to high levels of cadmium may cause liver and heart damage, kidney, and circulatory failure. (prlog.org)
- Keep in mind that heavy metal poisoning occurs with heavy or frequent exposure, usually over a long period of time. (healthline.com)
- Occasional exposure won't lead to heavy metal poisoning. (healthline.com)
- The insidious development of cadmium-related renal disease and the secondary effects on bone that can accompany excessive chronic cadmium exposure. (cdc.gov)
- Chronic cadmium exposure has been reported to cause mild anemia, anosmia, and yellowing of teeth. (cdc.gov)
- eating or drinking in the work place or in hobby areas where exposure to cadmium could occur. (cdc.gov)
- Today, acute cadmium ingestion is unlikely to be a clinically significant source of exposure in North America. (cdc.gov)
- Prevention is the key to managing cadmium exposure. (cdc.gov)
- For the general public, the primary source of exposure to cadmium is dietary. (cdc.gov)
- Cadmium (Cd) Toxicity: What Health Effects Are Associated With Acute High-Dose Cadmium Exposure? (cdc.gov)
- In contrast, patients who have more intense exposure to cadmium and do not improve after one to two days may progress in eight hours to seven days to acute chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema. (cdc.gov)
- 10. The acute effects of high dose cadmium exposure by inhalation include which of the following? (cdc.gov)
- Cadmium poisoning through industrial exposure to inorganic cadmium fumes may produce fatigue, coughing, chest pain, a burning sensation in the throat, and renal damage. (labcorp.com)
- 2 Inhalation of cadmium fumes can lead to pneumonia with acute exposure and emphysema with chronic exposure. (labcorp.com)
- Cadmium exposure in the general populace is derived from dietary intake, averaging 2−200 μg/day, and is only occasionally the precipitant of overexposure. (labcorp.com)
- Nephropathy in cadmium workers: assessment of risk from airborne occupational exposure to cadmium. (cdc.gov)
- Workers exposed to cadmium (7440439) in a metal recovery facility in Colorado were examined to assess the quantitative relation between exposure to the metal, various markers of renal tubular and glomerular dysfunction, and disorders potentially related to cadmium and nephropathy. (cdc.gov)
- When compared with a referent population, the increased cadmium exposure experienced by these workers caused multiple renal tubular functional abnormalities including reduced reabsorption of beta-2- microglobulin, retinol binding protein, calcium, and phosphate. (cdc.gov)
- When the cumulative cadmium exposure of the worker exceeded 300mg/m3 days, the probability of multiple tubular abnormalities and raised serum creatinine concentration increased sharply. (cdc.gov)
- Low levels of exposure to chromium (7440473), chromium-VI, cadmium (7440439), and nickel (7440020) were noted. (cdc.gov)
- Chronic cadmium exposure: relation to male reproductive toxicity and subsequent fetal outcome. (cdc.gov)
- The reproductive effects of chronic cadmium (7440439) (Cd) exposure were studied in male rats. (cdc.gov)
- NIOSH Testimony on Occupational Exposure to Cadmium by R. A. Lemen, July 17, 1990. (cdc.gov)
- NIOSH supports the position of OSHA that exposure to cadmium is associated with increased incidence of lung cancer, emphysema, and kidney dysfunction. (cdc.gov)
- occupational exposure to cadmium. (cdc.gov)
- The NIOSH standard on exposure to cadmium (7440439) in the workplace is presented. (cdc.gov)
- A time-weighted average (TWA) exposure concentration of 40 micrograms of cadmium per cubic meter of air for a 10 hour working day (200 micrograms per cubic meter for any 15- minute sampling period) is recommended. (cdc.gov)
- NIOSH Testimony on Occupational Exposure to Cadmium by J. D. Millar, September 18, 1990. (cdc.gov)
- NIOSH recommends that workers with occupational exposure to cadmium not smoke in the workplace. (cdc.gov)
- The duration of exposure of microsomal preparations to cadmium or zinc in vitro influences the inhibition of mono-oxygenases. (cdc.gov)
- The authors conclude that the inhibitory effects of cadmium and zinc in-vitro on microsomal monooxygenases in liver, lung, and adrenal are dependent on duration of prior exposure of microsomal preparations to the metals. (cdc.gov)
- NIOSH Testimony on Occupational Exposure to Cadmium by R. W. Niemeier, October 18, 1990. (cdc.gov)
- This testimony contains the comments of NIOSH regarding the proposed rule on occupational exposure to cadmium (7440439). (cdc.gov)
- This testimony contains a NIOSH summary by occupations of workers exposed to cadmium , the final submission from NIOSH on the measurement of cadmium in blood and urine, and the finalized NIOSH health hazard evaluation on exposure to cadmium at Gates Energy Products, Incorporated. (cdc.gov)
- Evaluation of Research on Cadmium Inhalation Exposure Estimate and Their Significance for Kidney and Liver Cadmium Burden. (cdc.gov)
- The time weighted exposure matrix for cadmium (7440439) suggested in an earlier study was evaluated to identify factors in the association between occupational cadmium exposure and accumulation of tissue cadmium burden that requires additional consideration. (cdc.gov)
- DO NOT use it to treat or manage an actual poison exposure. (medlineplus.gov)
- If you or someone you are with has an exposure, call your local emergency number (such as 911), or your local poison center can be reached directly by calling the national toll-free Poison Help hotline (1-800-222-1222) from anywhere in the United States. (medlineplus.gov)
- While the use of cadmium tetrafluoroborate is limited, concerns about limited or chronic exposure to this substance should be brought to the attention of a physician or other trained medical staff. (wikipedia.org)
- Exposure to Cadmium tetrafluoroborate, via ingestion, contact with the skin or mucous membranes, or inhalation can have lasting and harmful health effects. (wikipedia.org)
- Brazing and soldering can also cause metal poisoning due to exposure to lead, zinc, copper, or cadmium. (wikipedia.org)
- As in humans, animal lead poisoning may be acute (from intense exposure of short duration) or chronic (from repeat low-level exposure over a prolonged period). (wikipedia.org)
- Roman Empire - There is speculation that the Romans, in particular the elite, suffered chronic to severe lead poisoning due to the ubiquity of lead in e.g. lined pots in which acidic foodstuffs were boiled, over and above any mere exposure to lead in water pipes. (wikipedia.org)
- The use of DMSA is not approved for prevention of lead poisoning in anticipation of exposure in known lead contaminated environments. (wikipedia.org)
- Mercury poisoning can result from exposure to water-soluble forms of mercury (such as mercuric chloride or methylmercury), by inhalation of mercury vapor, or by ingesting any form of mercury. (wikipedia.org)
- She died of mercury poisoning at the age of 48 due to accidental exposure to the organic mercury compound dimethylmercury (Hg(CH3)2). (wikipedia.org)
- Manganism, or manganese poisoning, can be caused by long-term exposure to manganese dust or fumes. (wikipedia.org)
- Sources of toxic metals include cadmium from tobacco, arsenic from agriculture and mercury from volcanoes and forest fires. (wikipedia.org)
- In the early 1970s, chronic arsenic poisoning attributed to dust from arsenic mines occurred in Shimane and Miyazaki prefectures. (wikipedia.org)
- The term has particular application to cadmium, mercury, lead and arsenic, all of which appear in the World Health Organisation's list of 10 chemicals of major public concern. (wikipedia.org)
- Arsenic, cadmium and lead may be present in children's toys at levels that exceed regulatory standards. (wikipedia.org)
- Regular imbibers of illegally distilled alcohol may be exposed to arsenic or lead poisoning the source of which is arsenic-contaminated lead used to solder the distilling apparatus. (wikipedia.org)
- Rat poison used in grain and mash stores may be another source of the arsenic. (wikipedia.org)
- The following sections provide historical thumbnails for the "classical" toxic heavy metals (arsenic, mercury and lead) and some more recent examples (chromium and cadmium). (wikipedia.org)
- Substances that can inactivate ("poison") the catalytic sites include arsenic, sulfides and other sulfur compounds, colloidal substances, alkaloids, and material found in living systems. (wikipedia.org)
- Chelation therapy is the preferred medical treatment for metal poisoning, including acute mercury, iron (including in cases of thalassemia), arsenic, lead, uranium, plutonium and other forms of toxic metal poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
- DMSA quickly replaced both BAL and EDTA as the primary treatment for lead, arsenic and mercury poisoning in the United States. (wikipedia.org)
- Europe - numerous incidents of human poisoning due to the consumption of rye bread made from grain infected with ergot fungi 1850s - Swill milk scandal in New York 1857 - adulteration of bread with alum in London, causing rickets 1857 - poisoning of bread with arsenic in Hong Kong targeting the colonial community. (wikipedia.org)
- 1858 - sweets poisoned with arsenic in Bradford, England. (wikipedia.org)
- The relative activities of a series of novel monoalkyl esters of meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (MiADMSA) have been examined as agents for the mobilization of cadmium, lead and arsenic owing to the ability of these monoesters to cross cell membranes. (wikipedia.org)
- Pronounced protective effect in animal poisoning with arsenic and mercury was first shown by I. Okonishnikova in 1962. (wikipedia.org)
- Arsenic is also still used for murder by poisoning, for which use it has a long and continuing history in both literature and fact. (wikipedia.org)
- Dimercaprol has long been the mainstay of chelation therapy for lead or arsenic poisoning, and it remains an essential drug. (wikipedia.org)
- The soil beneath the facility has been polluted with high levels of lead, arsenic, cadmium and other toxic metals. (wikipedia.org)
- While Manganese, Nickel, Arsenic, Cadmium and Caesium were all mobilized slightly after the burrowing process. (wikipedia.org)
- The following substances were found in a ditch near it: PCB compounds, cadmium, heavy metals, cyanide, arsenic, as well as the pesticide HCH, signs of solvents and pesticides such as the herbicide MPCA. (wikipedia.org)
- Iron deficiency may decrease a person's risk of cadmium toxicity. (cdc.gov)
- Cadmium (Cd) Toxicity: How Should Patients Exposed to Cadmium Be Treated and Managed? (cdc.gov)
- Public health authorities should be notified whenever cadmium toxicity is suspected so that case-finding may be initiated and preventive measures taken. (cdc.gov)
- In addition, patient and worker education is vital in encouraging preventive behavior and in assisting early detection of cadmium toxicity. (cdc.gov)
- Cadmium toxicity occurs when a person breathes in high levels of cadmium from the air, or eats food or drinks water containing high levels of cadmium. (epnet.com)
- There is no effective treatment for cadmium toxicity. (epnet.com)
- This Initial Check will help you assess your current knowledge about cadmium toxicity. (cdc.gov)
- Why is the patient described in the case study at increased risk of cadmium toxicity? (cdc.gov)
- What tests would be helpful in further evaluating the patient or in supporting a diagnosis of cadmium toxicity? (cdc.gov)
- Assuming the patient described in the case study has cadmium toxicity, what would be a likely urinary cadmium level? (cdc.gov)
- All of these problems are consistent with chronic cadmium toxicity. (cdc.gov)
- This CSEM focuses on cadmium toxicity. (cdc.gov)
- Take the Initial Check to assess your current knowledge about cadmium toxicity. (cdc.gov)
- Cadmium (Cd) pollution is the most prominent HM pollution type because of its high toxicity, strong migration, and the large polluted area globally. (frontiersin.org)
- Doctors can usually check for heavy metal poisoning with a simple blood test known as a heavy metals panel or heavy metal toxicity test. (healthline.com)
- No effective treatment for cadmium toxicity exists. (cdc.gov)
- Nutritional deficiencies can increase the risk of cadmium toxicity. (cdc.gov)
- Iron: iron toxicity, iron poisoning, or iron overload is well known. (wikipedia.org)
- Although this soluble form of cadmium may produce toxicity, overexposure to organic cadmium is generally indicative of isolated, environmental pollution. (labcorp.com)
- Cadmium (Cd) Toxicity: Where is Cadmium Found? (cdc.gov)
- Among the heavy metal pollutants, cadmium (Cd) has become one of the most toxic heavy metals to animals and plants owing to its high mobility and toxicity. (biomedcentral.com)
- However, its extreme toxicity and incompatibility with other common pigments, including lead and copper-based substances such as verdigris and azurite, meant that its use as a pigment ended when cadmium yellows, chromium yellows and organic dye-based colors were introduced during the 19th century. (wikipedia.org)
- Copper, cadmium, lead, and zinc are common metals that cause olfactory toxicity in fish. (wikipedia.org)
- Although treatment with dimercaprol will increase the excretion of cadmium, there is a concomitant increase in renal cadmium concentration, so that its use in case of cadmium toxicity is to be avoided. (wikipedia.org)
- Angle CR and McIntire MS: Lead, mercury and cadmium: toxicity in children. (wikipedia.org)
- citation needed] While hemlock toxicity primarily results from consumption, poisoning can also result from inhalation, and from skin contact. (wikipedia.org)
- There are no reports online of human poisoning via the yellow pitcher plant, perhaps because only a small portion of the plant contains coniine, or because it does not contain enough to produce toxicity. (wikipedia.org)
- More detailed information about the symptoms , causes , and treatments of Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium is available below. (rightdiagnosis.com)
- Both have cadmium poisoning, but her symptoms are more serious. (globalmon.org.hk)
- inhalation of cadmium fumes or dust causes pneumoconiosis, and ingestion of foods contaminated by cadmium-plated containers causes violent gastrointestinal symptoms. (thefreedictionary.com)
- At low doses over an extended period, cadmium poisoning leads to symptoms such as exhaustion, headaches and neurological disorders. (prlog.org)
- What are the symptoms of heavy metal poisoning? (healthline.com)
- The symptoms of heavy metal poisoning vary, depending on the type of metal involved. (healthline.com)
- Certain types of heavy metal poisoning can cause additional symptoms. (healthline.com)
- If you have symptoms of heavy metal poisoning, but your blood test only shows low levels, you doctor might do some additional testing. (healthline.com)
- The history taken after acute cadmium inhalation usually involves signs and symptoms in the respiratory system. (cdc.gov)
- Recent animal studies have shown that cadmium poisoning alone is not enough to elicit all of the symptoms of itai-itai disease. (wikipedia.org)
- In 1968, the Ministry of Health and Welfare issued a statement about the symptoms of itai-itai disease caused by the cadmium poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
- Comparisons have been drawn with the Itai-itai disease, which caused similar symptoms and was caused by cadmium poisoning from the mining industry in the Toyama prefecture in Japan. (wikipedia.org)
- The symptoms of acute cadmium inhalation can initially resemble classic metal fume fever, a self-limited condition associated with fever, chills and possible decreases in forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1). (cdc.gov)
- Acute inhalation of cadmium may cause symptoms similar to those of metal fume fever. (cdc.gov)
- The mainstays of treatment are removal from the source of lead and, for precious animals who have significantly high blood lead levels or who have symptoms of poisoning, chelation therapy with a chelating agent. (wikipedia.org)
- The more distinctive neurological symptoms of mercury poisoning, including loss of balance and slurred speech, appeared in January 1997, five months after the accident. (wikipedia.org)
- Cadmium is used extensively in electroplating, although the nature of the operation does not generally lead to overexposure. (wikipedia.org)
- Some sources of phosphate in fertilizers contain cadmium in amounts of up to 100 mg/kg, which can lead to an increase in the concentration of cadmium in soil (for example in New Zealand). (wikipedia.org)
- Farmland governed by Xinxiang municipality were also noted for heavy metal contamination by leading China news site Caixin as the epicenter of Chinese battery (some lead & manganese, mostly nickel cadmium) producers. (wikipedia.org)
- Distribution of lead and cadmium was studied in 25 placentas. (biomedsearch.com)
- Like lead, cadmium accumulates mostly in bones and teeth. (cdc.gov)
- April 19, 2012 - PRLog -- An Illinois-based company is recalling ceramic wine goblets sold nationwide, because they contain more leachable lead and cadmium than the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) considers safe. (prlog.org)
- Both lead and cadmium are heavy metals found in the environment and accumulate in human bodies. (prlog.org)
- EMSL Analytical, the nation's leading commercial testing laboratory, provides lead and cadmium testing at over 30 locations across the country," states Shannon Kauffman, Manager of EMSL's Food Chemistry Laboratory. (prlog.org)
- While anyone can develop heavy metal poisoning, children are more vulnerable to it, particularly lead poisoning. (healthline.com)
- Initially, it was expected to be lead poisoning due to the lead mining upstream. (wikipedia.org)
- Lead, cadmium, and other elements have been detected in beads in extremely high amounts through various analytical techniques. (wikipedia.org)
- The metals in the beads put fish and other marine lifeforms at risk for lead and cadmium poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
- Eating seafood contaminated with lead and cadmium puts people at risk for poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
- Either ingestion or faulty metabolic pathways can lead to metal poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
- Mercury poisoning can lead to neurological disease and kidney failure if left untreated. (wikipedia.org)
- Lead and cadmium: lead and cadmium poisoning can lead to gastrointestinal, kidney, and neurological dysfunction. (wikipedia.org)
- The use of unleaded paints and gas has successfully decreased the number of cases of lead heavy metal poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
- Lead (7439921) fumes may cause lead poisoning. (cdc.gov)
- This paper describes laboratory comparisons of precision and accuracy of some widely used methods for the determination of lead in blood and for lead and cadmium on filters. (cdc.gov)
- Confounding of the relation between homocysteine and peripheral arterial disease by lead, cadmium , and renal function. (cdc.gov)
- Lead and cadmium are risk factors for PAD that affect thiol metabolism, and they may partly explain the association of homocysteine with PAD. (cdc.gov)
- Adjusting for blood lead and cadmium levels reduced this odds ratio to 1.37 (p(trend) = 0.13), and further adjusting for estimated glomerular filtration rate and smoking reduced it to 0.89 (p(trend) = 0.87). (cdc.gov)
- In the general population, the association of homocysteine level with PAD can be completely explained by confounding due to smoking, increased blood lead and cadmium levels, and impaired renal function. (cdc.gov)
- The association of lead and cadmium with PAD risk deserves further investigation. (cdc.gov)
- Some metals, such as lead, mercury and cadmium are poisons. (healthy.net)
- Lead and cadmium levels correlate with high blood pressure. (healthy.net)
- Wood's metal, also known as Lipowitz's alloy or by the commercial names Cerrobend, Bendalloy, Pewtalloy and MCP 158, is a eutectic, fusible alloy with a melting point of approximately 70 °C (158 °F). It is a eutectic alloy of 50% bismuth, 26.7% lead, 13.3% tin, and 10% cadmium by weight. (wikipedia.org)
- Hot baths with Rose's and Wood's metals are not in routine use but are employed for temperatures above 220 °C (428°F). Wood's metal is toxic because it contains lead and cadmium, and therefore contact with the bare skin is thought to be harmful, especially in the molten state. (wikipedia.org)
- Because of its heavy industry, Stolberg has become associated with diseases of metal poisoning, literally "Gressenich cadmium cattle-dying" disease and "Stolberg lead children" disease. (wikipedia.org)
- Animal lead poisoning (also known as avian plumbism, or avian saturnism for birds) is a veterinary condition and pathology caused by increased levels of the heavy metal lead in animal's body. (wikipedia.org)
- Lead shot-related waterfowl poisonings were first documented in the US in the 1880s. (wikipedia.org)
- The critically endangered California condor has also been affected by lead poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
- Among condors around the Grand Canyon, lead poisoning due to eating lead shot is the most frequently diagnosed cause of death. (wikipedia.org)
- Also, conservation programs exist which routinely capture condors, check their blood lead levels, and treat cases of poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
- Lead poisoning in a pet dog may indicate that children in the same household are at increased risk for elevated lead levels. (wikipedia.org)
- Lead (from lead azide or lead styphnate used in firearms) gradually accumulates at firearms training grounds, contaminating the local environment and exposing range employees to a risk of lead poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
- Also it is used as a phytoremediator for lead and cadmium. (wikipedia.org)
- Poisoning by lead and mercury has been know since antiquity. (wikipedia.org)
- Lead poisoning or other types of local pollution continue to kill many Chinese children. (wikipedia.org)
- Numerous studies have shown that erythrocyte pyrimidine 5'nucleotidase activity is significantly lowered in patients with lead poisoning, and that pyrimidine 5'nucleotidase activity can be used as an index of lead poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
- Dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) has been recommended for the treatment of lead poisoning in children by poison control centers around the world. (wikipedia.org)
- The chemists learned that EDTA was particularly effective in treating lead poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
- In the 1950s, Norman Clarke, Sr. was treating workers at a battery factory for lead poisoning when he noticed that some of his patients had improved angina pectoris following chelation therapy. (wikipedia.org)
- Dimercaptosuccinic acid is indicated for the treatment of lead poisoning in children with blood level measured above 45 µg/dL. (wikipedia.org)
- The purpose of the law was to phase out the use of mercury in batteries and to provide for the efficient and cost-effective collection and recycling, or proper disposal, of used nickel cadmium batteries, small sealed lead-acid batteries, and certain other batteries. (wikipedia.org)
- citation needed] The not-for-profit Rechargeable Battery Recycling Corporation (RBRC), used by most retailers, reclaims the metals within the old batteries to make new products such as batteries (mercury, cadmium, lead) and stainless steel (nickel). (wikipedia.org)
- Treatment of poisoning by heavy metals such as lead and mercury is more problematical, because the ligands used do not have high specificity relative to calcium. (wikipedia.org)
- Lead, mercury and cadmium salts Aristolochic acid, found in some plants and in some herbal supplements derived from those plants, has been shown to have nephrotoxic effects on humans. (wikipedia.org)
- Lead is a potent neurotoxin that puts children at-risk for learning disabilities, lower IQs and other developmental problems who may have acquired lead poisoning from playing outdoors. (wikipedia.org)
- Although research suggests that even low levels of lead in the body may be harmful to children, it is unlikely that chocolate consumption in small amounts causes lead poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
- Angle is known as one of the nation's leading researchers on lead poisoning. (wikipedia.org)
- Lead Poisoning During Pregnancy. (wikipedia.org)
- The ground water also contains nickel and selenium, while the tap water has high concentration of lead, nickel and cadmium. (wikipedia.org)
- While working with cadmium it is important to do so under a fume hood to protect against dangerous fumes. (wikipedia.org)
- The study group consisted of 76 males exposed to cadmium fumes and dusts in a cadmium recovery facility (group 1) and 75 males (group 2) and 109 males (group 3) employed at a nickel/cadmium battery factory. (cdc.gov)
- Inhalation of cadmium fumes causes pulmonary edema with proliferative interstitial pneumonia and various degrees of lung damage. (thefreedictionary.com)
- The complex picture of the respiratory injuries that inhalation of cadmium fumes can cause. (cdc.gov)
- Acute inhalation of fumes containing cadmium affects the lungs. (cdc.gov)
- Cadmium poisoning is predominantly associated with cadmium fumes and/or inorganic cadmium salts that may be present in certain industrial environments. (labcorp.com)
- Inorganic cadmium fumes or dusts are generally associated with heating, welding, and grinding of cadmium-containing metal products. (labcorp.com)
- However, numerous state and federal regulations in the United States control the amount of cadmium that can be released to the air from waste sites and incinerators so that properly regulated sites are not hazardous. (wikipedia.org)
- Doctors finally found an excessive amount of cadmium in his body on May 10. (globalmon.org.hk)
- According to one CPSC spokesman, "A very small amount of cadmium can come to the surface of the glass" and the amounts that could be absorbed through the skin were "slightly above the protective level currently being developed by the agency. (slashfilm.com)
- Cadmium is utilized in many alloys and metal plating. (labcorp.com)
- In extreme cases, cadmium (present in some older silver solder alloys) can cause loss of consciousness. (wikipedia.org)
- Silver-indium-cadmium alloys, generally 80% Ag, 15% In and 5% Cd, are a common control rod material for pressurized water reactors. (wikipedia.org)
- Visit our research pages for current research about Chemical poisoning -- Cadmium treatments . (rightdiagnosis.com)
- What if cadmium is actually the chemical found in those rice importations? (hubpages.com)
- Identify the chemical properties of cadmium. (cdc.gov)
- Reports are pouring in (via AP ) that McDonald's is voluntarily recalling 12 million Shrek Forever After novelty drinking glasses, after it was discovered that the paint on the sides of the glasses contains the toxic chemical cadmium. (slashfilm.com)
- Cadmium tetrafluoroborate is an ionic, chemical compound with the formula Cd[BF. (wikipedia.org)
- People in Minamata City in Kumamoto Prefecture were poisoned by methylmercury drained from the chemical factory, known as the Minamata disease. (wikipedia.org)
- Cadmium is a chemical element with symbol Cd and atomic number 48. (wikipedia.org)
- Cadmium has been identified as a chemical pollutant identified with toxic abortion in animals. (wikipedia.org)
- They are composed of chemical elements such as boron, silver, indium and cadmium that are capable of absorbing many neutrons without themselves fissioning. (wikipedia.org)
- Chemical elements with a sufficiently high neutron capture cross-section include silver, indium and cadmium. (wikipedia.org)
- Liver function enzymes, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) activities were not changed by cadmium. (biomedsearch.com)
- Preincubation of liver, adrenal and pulmonary microsomes with cadmium for 60 minutes decreased benzphetamine demethylase and benzo(a)pyrene hydroxylase activities in all three tissues. (cdc.gov)
- they were associated with evidence of renal dysfunction in workers exposed to cadmium for more than 10 years. (biomedsearch.com)
- Longitudinal studies are required to establish the natural history of renal dysfunction following cadmium accumulation in industrial workers. (biomedsearch.com)
- The prognosis of persons with cadmium-induced renal dysfunction is unfavorable, with urinary β-microglobulin and urinary protein the most important factors. (labcorp.com)
- Prognostic factors of renal dysfunction induced by environmental cadmium pollution. (labcorp.com)
- The author concludes that the approach taken in the earlier report appears to be the best method for associating occupational cadmium exposures with renal dysfunction. (cdc.gov)
- Artists who work with cadmium pigments, which are commonly used in strong oranges, reds, and yellows, can easily accidentally ingest dangerous amounts, particularly if they use the pigments in dry form, as with chalk pastels, or in mixing their own paints. (wikipedia.org)
- The metal was first discovered in Germany in 1817, and has been used for a variety of uses, including the manufacturing of pigments, in nickel-cadmium, rechargeable batteries, solar cells, metal coatings, plastic stabilizers, and corrosion protection for iron and steel. (progressivehealth.com)
- Cadmium sources include gases from burned motor oils, rubber goods and tires, plastic and pigments, and volcanoes. (hubpages.com)
- Cadmium is used to make colored pigments and can leach into foods as well. (prlog.org)
- In horticulture, the most rapid rate of accumulation occurs in soils under potato crops, where the estimated period before these soils average 1 mg/kg cadmium is 13 years. (waikatoregion.govt.nz)
- Solder poisoning occurs when someone swallows solder in large amounts. (medlineplus.gov)
- This poisoning generally occurs outside of protected areas, but is a leading factor in the population's decline. (wikipedia.org)
- Cadmium is a naturally occurring metal. (epnet.com)
- Cadmium is a metal found naturally in the earth's crust, but because it reacts readily with other elements like oxygen, chlorine and sulfur, it's rarely found in pure form. (healthrealizations.com)
- Cadmium, a rare but widely dispersed element, is found naturally in the environment. (cdc.gov)
- Naturally occurring cadmium is composed of 8 isotopes. (wikipedia.org)
- However, ascorbic acid did not ameliorate the growth inhibitory effect of cadmium nor did it prevent accumulation of cadmium in analyzed tissues. (biomedsearch.com)
- Vitamin C and rosemary leaf extract showed ameliorative potential to reduce tissue accumulation of cadmium and associated oxidative stress. (greenmedinfo.com)
- Some fertilizers have been found to be high in cadmium, which may then concentrate in your vegetables. (epnet.com)
- lipsticks have been found to contain high level of cadmium, metal jewelries for children, plastic toys, and paint products as well. (hubpages.com)
- Consequently, good protection is afforded by thin coatings of cadmium, and thus, in spite of its high price, it is frequently used for the protection of precision parts. (britannica.com)
- As a result of its high cadmium content, offal from animals older than 2.5 years is not permitted to be sold for human consumption. (waikatoregion.govt.nz)
- While the government maintained their position that poisoning is not the cause of this illness, it did admit to high pollution in the area. (wikipedia.org)
- Cadmium ingested in high doses irritates the gastric epithelium. (cdc.gov)
- Cadmium oxide also exists as small particles in air (fume) which are the result of smelting, soldering, or other high-temperature industrial processes. (cdc.gov)
- Octopus heads are high in selenium and are a risk for cadmium poisoning, even in small amounts. (wikipedia.org)
- Cadmium tetrafluoroborate is most frequently used in the industrial production of high-strength steels, its purpose being to prevent hydrogen absorption, a source of post-production cracking of the metal, in the treated steels. (wikipedia.org)
- Hemerythrin affinity for carbon monoxide (CO) is actually lower than its affinity for O2, unlike hemoglobin which has a very high affinity for CO. Hemerythrin's low affinity for CO poisoning reflects the role of hydrogen-bonding in the binding of O2, a pathway mode that is incompatible with CO complexes which usually do not engage in hydrogen bonding. (wikipedia.org)
- In 1994, he co-authored a paper documenting the unusually high level of cadmium in the blood of Inuit cigarette smokers. (wikipedia.org)
- Toxic metal poisoning is usually treated with some type of chelating agent. (wikipedia.org)
- The historical standard method of testing for nitrate is the Cadmium Reduction Method, which is reliable and accurate although it is dependent on a toxic metal cadmium and thus not suitable for all applications. (wikipedia.org)
- Keep nickel-cadmium batteries out of the reach of small children. (epnet.com)
- Nickel-cadmium batteries should be kept out of children's reach. (healthrealizations.com)
- Cadmium use is generally decreasing because it is toxic (it is specifically listed in the European Restriction of Hazardous Substances) and nickel-cadmium batteries have been replaced with nickel-metal hydride and lithium-ion batteries. (wikipedia.org)
- Effects of ascorbic acid on cadmium-induced oxidative stress and performance of broilers. (biomedsearch.com)
- These data indicate that oxidative stress, induced by cadmium, plays a role in decreasing the performance of broilers and that dietary supplementation by ascorbic acid might be useful in reversing the lipid peroxidation induced by cadmium and partly alleviating the adverse effect of cadmium on performance of broilers. (biomedsearch.com)
- Quercetin in combination with vitamins (C and E) improves oxidative stress and renal injury in cadmium intoxicated rats. (greenmedinfo.com)