A cadmium halide in the form of colorless crystals, soluble in water, methanol, and ethanol. It is used in photography, in dyeing, and calico printing, and as a solution to precipitate sulfides. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
An element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 114. It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING.
Poisoning occurring after exposure to cadmium compounds or fumes. It may cause gastrointestinal syndromes, anemia, or pneumonitis.
A low-molecular-weight (approx. 10 kD) protein occurring in the cytoplasm of kidney cortex and liver. It is rich in cysteinyl residues and contains no aromatic amino acids. Metallothionein shows high affinity for bivalent heavy metals.
Inorganic compounds derived from hydrochloric acid that contain the Cl- ion.
A mixed function oxidase enzyme which during hemoglobin catabolism catalyzes the degradation of heme to ferrous iron, carbon monoxide and biliverdin in the presence of molecular oxygen and reduced NADPH. The enzyme is induced by metals, particularly cobalt. EC 1.14.99.3.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
It is a form of protection provided by law. In the United States this protection is granted to authors of original works of authorship, including literary, dramatic, musical, artistic, and certain other intellectual works. This protection is available to both published and unpublished works. (from Circular of the United States Copyright Office, 6/30/2008)
Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.
Economic aspects of the fields of pharmacy and pharmacology as they apply to the development and study of medical economics in rational drug therapy and the impact of pharmaceuticals on the cost of medical care. Pharmaceutical economics also includes the economic considerations of the pharmaceutical care delivery system and in drug prescribing, particularly of cost-benefit values. (From J Res Pharm Econ 1989;1(1); PharmacoEcon 1992;1(1))
A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Enzymes that act at a free C-terminus of a polypeptide to liberate a single amino acid residue.
A ZINC-containing exopeptidase primarily found in SECRETORY VESICLES of endocrine and neuroendocrine cells. It catalyzes the cleavage of C-terminal ARGININE or LYSINE residues from polypeptides and is active in processing precursors of PEPTIDE HORMONES and other bioactive peptides.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
A ZINC-dependent carboxypeptidase primary found in the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM. The enzyme catalyzes the preferential cleavage of a C-terminal peptidyl-L-lysine or arginine. It was formerly classified as EC 3.4.2.2 and EC 3.4.12.3.
Inorganic compounds that contain cadmium as an integral part of the molecule.
The local lymph node assay (LLNA) is an alternative method for the identification of chemicals that have the ability to cause skin sensitization and allergic contact dermatitis. Endpoints have been established so fewer animals are required and less painful procedures are used.
A form of hypersensitivity affecting the respiratory tract. It includes ASTHMA and RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL.
A contact dermatitis due to allergic sensitization to various substances. These substances subsequently produce inflammatory reactions in the skin of those who have acquired hypersensitivity to them as a result of prior exposure.
Inorganic compounds that contain selenium as an integral part of the molecule.
Energy transmitted from the sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation.
Forms of energy that are constantly and rapidly renewed by natural processes such as solar, ocean wave, and wind energy. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A trace element that constitutes about 27.6% of the earth's crust in the form of SILICON DIOXIDE. It does not occur free in nature. Silicon has the atomic symbol Si, atomic number 14, and atomic weight [28.084; 28.086].
Uranium. A radioactive element of the actinide series of metals. It has an atomic symbol U, atomic number 92, and atomic weight 238.03. U-235 is used as the fissionable fuel in nuclear weapons and as fuel in nuclear power reactors.
Pollutants, present in soil, which exhibit radioactivity.

Overexpression of the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1) in human heavy metal-selected tumor cells. (1/347)

Cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the resistance to cytotoxic heavy metals remain largely to be characterized in mammalian cells. To this end, we have analyzed a metal-resistant variant of the human lung cancer GLC4 cell line that we have selected by a step-wise procedure in potassium antimony tartrate. Antimony-selected cells, termed GLC4/Sb30 cells, poorly accumulated antimony through an enhanced cellular efflux of metal, thus suggesting up-regulation of a membrane export system in these cells. Indeed, GLC4/Sb30 cells were found to display a functional overexpression of the multidrug resistance-associated protein MRP1, a drug export pump, as demonstrated by Western blotting, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and calcein accumulation assays. Moreover, MK571, a potent inhibitor of MRP1 activity, was found to markedly down-modulate resistance of GLC4/Sb30 cells to antimony and to decrease cellular export of the metal. Taken together, our data support the conclusion that overexpression of functional MRP1 likely represents one major mechanism by which human cells can escape the cytotoxic effects of heavy metals.  (+info)

N-type voltage-dependent calcium channels mediate the nicotinic enhancement of GABA release in chick brain. (2/347)

The role of voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs) in the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)-mediated enhancement of spontaneous GABAergic inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) was investigated in chick brain slices. Whole cell recordings of neurons in the lateral spiriform (SpL) and ventral lateral geniculate (LGNv) nuclei showed that cadmium chloride (CdCl2) blocked the carbachol-induced increase of spontaneous GABAergic IPSCs, indicating that VDCCs might be involved. To conclusively show a role for VDCCs, the presynaptic effect of carbachol on SpL and LGNv neurons was examined in the presence of selective blockers of VDCC subtypes. omega-Conotoxin GVIA, a selective antagonist of N-type channels, significantly reduced the nAChR-mediated enhancement of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) release in the SpL by 78% compared with control responses. Nifedipine, an L-type channel blocker, and omega-Agatoxin-TK, a P/Q-type channel blocker, did not inhibit the enhancement of GABAergic IPSCs. In the LGNv, omega-Conotoxin GVIA also significantly reduced the nAChR-mediated enhancement of GABA release by 71% from control values. Although omega-Agatoxin-TK did not block the nicotinic enhancement, L-type channel blockers showed complex effects on the nAChR-mediated enhancement. These results indicate that the nAChR-mediated enhancement of spontaneous GABAergic IPSCs requires activation of N-type channels in both the SpL and LGNv.  (+info)

Cholinergic modulation of neostriatal output: a functional antagonism between different types of muscarinic receptors. (3/347)

It is demonstrated that acetylcholine released from cholinergic interneurons modulates the excitability of neostriatal projection neurons. Physostigmine and neostigmine increase input resistance (RN) and enhance evoked discharge of spiny projection neurons in a manner similar to muscarine. Muscarinic RN increase occurs in the whole subthreshold voltage range (-100 to -45 mV), remains in the presence of TTX and Cd2+, and can be blocked by the relatively selective M1,4 muscarinic receptor antagonist pirenzepine but not by M2 or M3 selective antagonists. Cs+ occludes muscarinic effects at potentials more negative than -80 mV. A Na+ reduction in the bath occludes muscarinic effects at potentials more positive than -70 mV. Thus, muscarinic effects involve different ionic conductances: inward rectifying and cationic. The relatively selective M2 receptor antagonist AF-DX 116 does not block muscarinic effects on the projection neuron but, surprisingly, has the ability to mimic agonistic actions increasing RN and firing. Both effects are blocked by pirenzepine. HPLC measurements of acetylcholine demonstrate that AF-DX 116 but not pirenzepine greatly increases endogenous acetylcholine release in brain slices. Therefore, the effects of the M2 antagonist on the projection neurons were attributable to autoreceptor block on cholinergic interneurons. These experiments show distinct opposite functions of muscarinic M1- and M2-type receptors in neostriatal output, i.e., the firing of projection neurons. The results suggest that the use of more selective antimuscarinics may be more profitable for the treatment of motor deficits.  (+info)

Extracellular heavy-metal ions stimulate Ca2+ mobilization in hepatocytes. (4/347)

Populations of hepatocytes in primary culture were loaded with fura 2 and the effects of extracellular heavy-metal ions were examined under conditions that allowed changes in fura 2 fluorescence (R340/360, the ratio of fluorescence recorded at 340 and 360 nm) to be directly attributed to changes in cytosolic free [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]i). In Ca2+-free media, Ni2+ [EC50 (concentration causing 50% stimulation) approximately 24+/-9 microM] caused reversible increases in [Ca2+]i that resulted from mobilization of the same intracellular Ca2+ stores as were released by [Arg8]vasopressin. The effects of Ni2+ were not mimicked by increasing the extracellular [Mg2+], by addition of MnCl2, CoCl2 or CdCl2 or by decreasing the extracellular pH from 7.3 to 6.0; nor were they observed in cultures of smooth muscle, endothelial cells or pituitary cells. CuCl2 (80 microM), ZnCl2 (80 microM) and LaCl3 (5 mM) mimicked the ability of Ni2+ to evoke Ca2+ mobilization. The response to La3+ was sustained even in the absence of extracellular Ca2+, probably because La3+ also inhibited Ca2+ extrusion. Although Ni2+ entered hepatocytes, from the extent to which it quenched fura 2 fluorescence the free cytosolic [Ni2+] ([Ni2+]i) was estimated to be <5 nM at the peak of the maximal Ni2+-evoked Ca2+ signals and there was no correlation between [Ni2+]i and the amplitude of the evoked increases in [Ca2+]i. We conclude that extracellular Ni2+, Zn2+, Cu2+ and La3+, but not all heavy-metal ions, evoke an increase in [Ca2+]i in hepatocytes by stimulating release of the hormone-sensitive intracellular Ca2+ stores and that they may do so by interacting with a specific cell-surface ion receptor. This putative ion receptor may be important in allowing hepatocytes to contribute to regulation of plasma heavy-metal ions and may mediate responses to Zn2+ released into the portal circulation with insulin.  (+info)

Receptor potentials and electrical properties of nonspiking stretch-receptive neurons in the sand crab Emerita analoga (Anomura, Hippidae). (5/347)

Receptor potentials and electrical properties of nonspiking stretch-receptive neurons in the sand crab Emerita analoga (Anomura, Hippidae). Four nonspiking, monopolar neurons with central somata and large peripheral dendrites constitute the sole innervation of the telson-uropod elastic strand stretch receptor in Emerita analoga. We characterized their responses to stretch and current injection, using two-electrode current clamp, in intact cells and in two types of isolated peripheral dendritic segments, one that included and one that excluded the dendritic termini (mechanosensory membrane). The membrane potentials of intact cells at rest (mean +/- SD: -57 +/- 4. 4 mV, n = 30), recorded in peripheral or neuropil processes, are similar to the membrane potentials of isolated dendritic segments and always less negative than membrane potentials of motoneurons and interneurons recorded in the same preparations. Ion substitution experiments indicate that the membrane potential is influenced strongly by Na+ conductance, probably localized in the mechanotransducing terminals within the elastic strand. The form of the receptor potential in response to ramp-hold-release stretch remains the same as stretch amplitude is varied and is not dependent on initial membrane potential (-70 to -30 mV) or recording site: initial depolarization (slope follows ramp of applied stretch), terminated by rapid, partial repolarization to a plateau (delayed depolarization) that is intermediate between the peak depolarization and the initial potential and sustained for the duration of the stretch. Responses to depolarizing current pulses are similar to stretch-evoked receptor potentials, except for small amplitude stimuli: an initial peak occurs only in response to stretch and probably reflects elastic recoil of the extracellular matrix surrounding the dendritic terminals. The rapid, partial repolarization depends on holding potential and is abolished by 4-aminopyridine (4-AP; 10 mM), implicating a fast-activating, fast-inactivating K+ conductance; TEA (60 mM) abolishes the remaining slow repolarization to the plateau. In intact cells, but not dendritic segments, regenerative depolarizations can arise in response to stretch or depolarizing current pulses; they are reduced by CdCl2 (10 microM) in the saline containing TEA and 4-AP and probably reflect current spread from Ca2+ influx at presynaptic terminals in the ganglion. We found no evidence for other voltage-activated conductances. Unlike morphologically similar "nonspiking" thoracic receptors of other species, E. analoga's nonspiking neurons are electrically compact and do not boost the analogue afferent signal by voltage-activated inward currents. The most prominent (only?) voltage-activated extra-ganglionic conductances are for potassium; by reducing the slope of the stretch-plateau depolarization curve, they extend each neuron's functional range to the full range of sensitivity of the receptor.  (+info)

Urea-associated oxidative stress and Gadd153/CHOP induction. (6/347)

Urea treatment (100-300 mM) increased expression of the oxidative stress-responsive transcription factor, Gadd153/CHOP, at the mRNA and protein levels (at >/=4 h) in renal medullary mIMCD3 cells in culture, whereas other solutes did not. Expression of the related protein, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP-beta), was not affected, nor was expression of the sensor of endoplasmic reticulum stress, grp78. Urea modestly increased Gadd153 transcription by reporter gene analysis but failed to influence Gadd153 mRNA stability. Importantly, upregulation of Gadd153 mRNA and protein expression by urea was antioxidant sensitive. Accordingly, urea treatment was associated with oxidative stress, as quantitated by intracellular reduced glutathione content in mIMCD3 cells. In addition, antioxidant treatment partially inhibited the ability of urea to activate transcription of an Egr-1 luciferase reporter gene. Therefore oxidative stress represents a novel solute-signaling pathway in the kidney medulla and, potentially, in other tissues.  (+info)

Effect of melatonin on cadmium-induced hepatotoxicity in male Sprague-Dawley rats. (7/347)

Effect of melatonin on toxicity of cadmium (Cd) was studied in male SD rats co-administered daily Cd (1 mg/kg b.w., s.c.) with melatonin (10 mg/kg b.w., i.p.) for 15 days. Cd alone injection decreased GSH concentrations in the liver and RBC by 35% and 43% compared with those in saline-treatment group, but not in the kidney and whole brain. The activity of GSSG-reductase was significantly decreased in the liver of Cd alone injected rats, while melatonin given in combination with Cd failed to prevent the Cd-induced decreased activity of hepatic GSSG-reductase. However, the hepatic GSH concentration decreased by Cd alone was restored by melatonin treatment, and the melatonin also ameliorated Cd-induced histopathological changes in the liver. Therefore, data indicate that melatonin restores the reduction of hepatic GSH level induced with Cd regardless of GSSG-reductase activity, and suggests that melatonin may ameliorate Cd-induced hepatotoxicity.  (+info)

The electrical properties of auditory hair cells in the frog amphibian papilla. (8/347)

The amphibian papilla (AP) is the principal auditory organ of the frog. Anatomical and neurophysiological evidence suggests that this hearing organ utilizes both mechanical and electrical (hair cell-based) frequency tuning mechanisms, yet relatively little is known about the electrophysiology of AP hair cells. Using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, we have investigated the electrical properties and ionic currents of isolated hair cells along the rostrocaudal axis of the AP. Electrical resonances were observed in the voltage response of hair cells harvested from the rostral and medial, but not caudal, regions of the AP. Two ionic currents, ICa and IK(Ca), were observed in every hair cell; however, their amplitudes varied substantially along the epithelium. Only rostral hair cells exhibited an inactivating potassium current (IA), whereas an inwardly rectifying potassium current (IK1) was identified only in caudal AP hair cells. Electrically tuned hair cells exhibited resonant frequencies from 50 to 375 Hz, which correlated well with hair cell position and the tonotopic organization of the papilla. Variations in the kinetics of the outward current contribute substantially to the determination of resonant frequency. ICa and IK(Ca) amplitudes increased with resonant frequency, reducing the membrane time constant with increasing resonant frequency. We conclude that a tonotopically organized hair cell substrate exists to support electrical tuning in the rostromedial region of the frog amphibian papilla and that the cellular mechanisms for frequency determination are very similar to those reported for another electrically tuned auditory organ, the turtle basilar papilla.  (+info)

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Looking for online definition of Cadmium chloride in the Medical Dictionary? Cadmium chloride explanation free. What is Cadmium chloride? Meaning of Cadmium chloride medical term. What does Cadmium chloride mean?
Only limited data were available on the skin or respiratory sensitization potential of cadmium metal and cadmium compounds. Cadmium chloride did not show any skin sensitization effects at 0.5% in a GMPT test. Cadmium chloride and sulphate were patch-tested in human volunteers but, across several studies, the evidence remained inconclusive. If at all, significant exposure is expected to occur principally in occupational settings.Given the carcinogen properties of cadmium metal and some of the cadmium compounds, risk reduction measures are in place to prevent contact.Therefore, neither skin nor respiratory tract sensitization are expected to be an issue for human health and further testing is not considered necessary, in accordance withAnnex XI (3) of the REACH directive.This is in line with the conclusions of the EU RAR (ECB, 2007). At present, none of the cadmium substances covered in the present assessment is classified for sensitization in Annex I of Directive 67/548/EEC. ...
Page contains details about cadmium chloride nanocrystals . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
Sigma-Aldrich offers Aldrich-202908, Cadmium chloride for your research needs. Find product specific information including CAS, MSDS, protocols and references.
The action of the chemical compound - CdC12 on soft wheat varieties resulted in plant modifications on a number of qualitative and quantitative traits. Genetic analysis conducted on the basis of reciprocal crosses showed that the inheritance of altered traits in mutants is independent of the direction of crossing. Modification of habitus and phenotypes of mutant plants is accompanied by a violation of cell division in meiosis ...
In studies with mouse and rat, effects on development were observed after oral and inhalatory exposure to cadmium compounds. Neurobehavioural changes were reported in the absence of maternal toxicity but the robustness of these observations was not sufficient to derive an appropriate NOAEL. It is suggested that further studies are needed to better document the possible effects of cadmium on the developing brain (ECB, 2007). No clear evidence indicates that cadmium has adverse effects on the development of offprings from women exposed indirectly via the environment or occupationally. Effects on birth weight, motor and perceptual abilities of offsprings have been reported by some authors. However, these studies suffer from drawbacks either in the definition of the study postulation, the definition of the effects, or in the assessment of exposure. Moreover, it is not clear whether the effects on psychomotor development were related to cadmium or to a simultaneous exposure to other substances such ...
For metals, the transport and distribution over the different environmental compartments e.g. the water (dissolved fraction, fraction bound to suspended matter), soil (fraction bound or complexed to the soil particles, fraction in the soil pore water,...) is described and quantified by the metal partition coefficients between these different fractions. The information on these partition coefficients is given under 5.6. Partition coefficients for cadmium in freshwater have been reviewed in the EU risk assessment report (ECB 2008). Based on this experimental evidence, a partition coefficient for the distribution between solid particulate matter and water (Kpsusp) of 130 x 103 l/kg has been defined for EU waters and was used throughout the RAR.. The Kp for the distribution between sediment and water (Kpsed) was estimated in the RAR from the ratio of the average sediment (1.32mg/kgDW)to average water Cd concentrations (0.14µg/l). This best fit Kd yields 10000L/kgDW (ECB 2008). These partition ...
The CSV is a delimited data format that has fields/columns separated by the semicolon character and records/rows separated by newlines. Fields that may contain a special character (semicolon, newline, or double quote), are enclosed in double quotes. For an easier handling, the list of Pre-registered substances is available in four parts ordered by EC number. They contain the same information as the following full list.. ...
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice ...
In vivo effects of cadmium chloride on certain aspects of carbohydrate metabolism in the tissues of a freshwater field crab Barytelphusa gueriniREDDY, S. L. N; VENUGOPAL, N. B. R. K; RAMANA RAO, J. V et al.Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology. 1989, Vol 42, Num 6, pp 847-853, issn 0007-4861, 7 p.Article ...
Abstract: Cadmium selenide (CdSe) have been prepared by the reduction of mixed solution of cadmium chloride (CdCl2), sodium selenosulfate (Na2SeSO3) and diethanolamine ((CH2CH2OH)2NH) at temperatures of 80-200°C under Ar atmosphere. Characteristics of CdSe nanoparticles were analyzed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and x-ray diffraction (XRD) and UV-Vis absorption spectra. CdSe samples prepared at relatively low temperature of below 100°C showed cubic structure while samples synthesized at temperature above 100°C showed hexagonal phase. The increased reaction temperature caused the particle size increase as well as the agglomeration of particles to form a hollow sphere. UV-Vis absorption spectra also showed a red-shift as increasing reaction temperatures due to the gradual growth of CdSe nanoparticles in the solution. The relatively sharp absorption band from samples synthesized at 80 and 100°C can be attributed to homogeneous particle ...
Problem statement: Cadmium is one of the most dangerous occupational and environmental toxins. It is found in drinking water, atmospheric air and even in food. Cadmium is reported to be very toxic to biological systems. Until now in treating intoxication with this metal, chelating Compounds have been used, burdened with numerous undesirable symptoms. For this reason, many researches are carried out in many countries to find natural-made compounds that help in the protection against cadmium induced toxicity with fewer or no side effects. This study was conducted to demonstrate the effect of daily oral Camels milk administration against Cadmium chloride induced toxicity in white albino rats. Approach: White albino rats of both sexes (230-250 g) were housed in standard metal cages (6 rats/cage). The experimental rats (6 in each group) distributed into two experimental groups with a shared control group received only normal saline orally (Group 1). In experimental first group a daily dose (10 mg ...
Ovariectomized (Ovx) sexually mature adult female rats were exposed to sub chronic treatment of cadmium chloride (CdCl2) at a dose of 6 mg/kg/ body we..
Cadmium, Inhibin, Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate, Costs, Emotional Stress, Families, Health, Lip, Palate, Patients, Public Health, Risk, Affect, Annexin V, Anti-mullerian Hormone, Blood, Blood-testis Barrier, Cadmium Chloride, Cells
We recorded from pairs of cultured, synaptically connected thalamic neurons. Evoked excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) reversed at +17 mV and were blocked reversibly by 1 mM kynurenic acid, a glutamate receptor antagonist. NMDA and non-NMDA receptors mediated excitatory post-synaptic responses, as shown by selective block of EPSC components with 50 microM (+/-)-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid and 10 microM 6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione, respectively. Inhibitory postsynaptic responses were evoked less frequently and were blocked by the GABAA receptor antagonist (-)-bicuculline methochloride. The pharmacological profiles of whole-cell calcium currents and evoked EPSCs were compared. With 50 microM cadmium chloride (Cd), whole-cell low voltage-activated (LVA) calcium currents were reduced in amplitude and high voltage- activated (HVA) calcium currents and excitatory synaptic transmission were completely blocked. This suggests that the residual calcium influx through LVA channels into the ...
Title fatal reinstall of FM10 on osx10.5.8 Your post i found deinstalling FM10, then reinstalling same copy from same installer cd on osx10.5.8 (on
When you express interest in a specific study, the information from your profile will be sent to the doctor conducting that study. If youre eligible to participate, you may be contacted by a nurse or study coordinator. If you select a health category rather than a specific study, doctors who have active studies in that area may contact you to ask if you would like to participate. In both cases, you will be contacted by the preferred method (email or phone) that you specified in your profile. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Adverse effects of cadmium exposure on mouse sperm. AU - Oliveira, Helena. AU - Spanò, Marcello. AU - Santos, Conceição. AU - Pereira, Maria de Lourdes. PY - 2009/12. Y1 - 2009/12. N2 - The effects of cadmium chloride exposure on sperm functional parameters were evaluated on eight-week-old ICR-CD1 male mice administered with a single s.c. injection of 1, 2 and 3 mg CdCl2/kg bw. Groups of animals treated with each dose, as well as their respective controls, were sacrificed after 24 h to detect short-term (acute) effects and after 35 days. Sperm cells were collected from the epididymis and several parameters of sperm quality and function were evaluated, namely density, morphology, motility, viability, mitochondrial function, acrosome integrity, together with DNA fragmentation assessed by the TUNEL assay. The short-term effects of cadmium chloride resulted in an increased fraction of sperm with abnormal morphology, premature acrosome reaction and reduced motility. Late term ...
Cadmium at environmental concentrations is a risk factor for many diseases, including cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, in which macrophages play an important role. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of cadmium at low environmental (nanomolar) concentrations on apoptotic processes in THP-1(acute monocytic leukemia cells line)-derived macrophages, with special focus on mitochondrial events involved. Macrophages were incubated with various cadmium chloride (CdCl2) solutions for 48 h at final concentrations of 5 nM, 20 nM, 200 nM and 2 µM CdCl2. Cell viability was measured using flow cytometry. Flow cytometric measurement (annexin V/FITC (annexin V/fluorescein isothiocyanate) and PI (propidium iodide) double staining) was used to quantify the extent of apoptosis. Fluorescence and confocal microscopy were used for imaging of apoptosis process. Changes in mitochondrial membrane potential were monitored using cytofluorimetry after cell staining with JC-1(5,5′,6,6′
Abstract: Background and Objective: Environmental stress such as heavy metal is a major factor affecting reduction in agricultural productivity. Heavy metals at toxic levels hamper normal plant functioning and act as an impediment of metabolic processes by the production of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). Plant has evolved various enzymatic and non-enzymatic mechanism to cope against the ROS produced. This study investigated the biochemical response of S. stenocarpa to cadmium stress. Materials and Methods: S. stenocarpa (Fabaceae) seeds were sown in the control (0 ESV) and the different concentrations (2.5, 5 ESV) of cadmium chloride (CdCl2). The soil samples were collected from 10 different points at a depth of 0-30 cm using a soil auger, pooled together, air-dried and grind to pass through a 2 mm sieve before subjecting to physico-chemical analysis. The five accessions consisted of 3 blocks, 15 treatments per block, two plant per polythene bag arranged in a RBD. Enzymes such as superoxide ...
Cadmium is an element that occurs naturally in the earths crust.� Pure cadmium is a soft, silver-white metal.� Cadmium is not usually present in the environment as a pure metal, but as a mineral combined with other elements such as oxygen (cadmium oxide), chlorine (cadmium chloride), or sulfur (cadmium sulfate, cadmium sulfide).� Cadmium is most often present in nature as complex oxides, sulfides, and carbonates in zinc, lead, and copper ores. It is rarely present in large quantities as the chlorides and sulfates.� These different forms of cadmium compounds are solids that dissolve in water to varying degrees.� The chlorides and sulfates are the forms that most easily dissolve in water.� Cadmium may change forms, but the cadmium metal itself does not disappear from the environment.� Knowing the particular form of cadmium, however, is very important when determining the risk of potential adverse health effects.
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remain the leading cause of death worldwide, including Qatar. Hypertension is one of the most common CVDs that contribute to this mortality. Cadmium is a well-known pollutant that has been suggested to be a risk factor for hypertension. However, the underlying mechanisms are still lacking. Very little is known about the effect of cadmium on the expression of vascular alpha- 1 adrenoceptors in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). This study was therefore undertaken to determine the effect of cadmium on the expression of vascular alpha-1 adrenergic receptors in vitro. Along with that, there are several phenotypic changes could modulate the VSMCs function and contribute to CVDs including hypertension. These changes include hypertrophy, migration and senescence. The second objective of this study was to determine the effect of cadmium on VSMCs phenotype. Human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) were incubated with different concentrations of cadmium chloride for varying
Cadmium (Cd) is frequently used in various industrial applications and is a ubiquitous environmental toxicant, also present in tobacco smoke. An important route of exposure is the circulatory system whereas blood vessels are considered to be main stream organs of Cd toxicity. Our previous results indicate that cadmium chloride (CdCl2) affects mean arterial blood pressure in hypertensive rats. We hypothesized that Cd alters the intracellular calcium transient mechanism, by cadmium-induced stimulation of MAPKs (ERK 1 & 2) which is mediated partially through calcium-dependent PKC mechanism. To investigate this hypothesis, we exposed primary cultures of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from wistar kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) to increased concentrations of CdCl2 on cell viability, expression of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs/ERK 1 & 2), and protein kinase C (PKC) which are activated by Cd in several cell types. The results from these studies indicate that CdCl2
The accumulation of cadmium in plants cause a variety of physiological, biochemical and structural changes, while selenium that is often used in the process of biofortification of plants can significantly change the plants response to cadmium treatment. The main aim of this study was to determine the effect of cadmium on antioxidant enzyme gene expression in the roots and shoots of two varieties of wheat (Divana and Srpanjka) seedlings enriched with selenium. Enzymes that were observed in this study were glutathione S-transferase, Cu, Zn-Superoxid-Dismutase and catalase The effect of cadmium on antioxidant enzyme gene expression depended on the type of cultivar and the type of plant organ (root or shoot). Cadmium treatment affected the expression of glutathione S-transferase the most.The effect of cadmium on decrease in antioxidant enzyme gene expression was much more visible in the roots than in the shoots. Variety Divana was shown to be more sensitive to cadmium treatment than variety Srpanjka ...
0.005 M Cobalt(II) chloride hexahydrate, 0.005 M Nickel(II) chloride hexahydrate, 0.005 M Cadmium chloride hydrate, 0.005 M Magnesium chloride hexahydrate, 0.1 M HEPES pH 7.5, 12% w/v Polyethylene glycol ...
1. The capacity of various primary (unmixed) fixatives to split lipids from lipo-protein complexes was investigated.. 2. The lipoproteins that formed the test-objects of the research were those contained in (a) the acroblast of the cricket (Acheta domesticus), and (b) the endoplasmic reticulum (ergastoplasm) of the acinar cell of the pancreas of the laboratory mouse. The two test-objects gave essentially the same results.. 3. Of the 16 compounds tried, cadmium chloride is the most powerful unmasker of lipids. Mercuric chloride is also a powerful unmasker, and gives much better fixation. Chloroplatinic acid and formaldehyde are moderately powerful unmaskers.. ...
Strochkova L. S. Ultrastructural Examinations of HeLa Cells Exposed to Cadmium Ions, Tsitol Genet., 1990, vol. 24, no. 6, pp. 7-11 ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Heme oxygenase is the major 32-kDa stress protein induced in human skin fibroblasts by UVA radiation, hydrogen peroxide, and sodium arsenite. AU - Keyse, Stephen M.. AU - Tyrrell, Rex M.. PY - 1989. Y1 - 1989. N2 - We have shown that UVA (320-380 nm) radiation, hydrogen peroxide, and sodium arsenite induce a stress protein of approximately 32 kDa in human skin fibroblasts. The synthesis and cloning of cDNA from arsenite-induced mRNA populations have now allowed us to unequivocally identify the 32-kDa protein as heme oxygenase. By mRNA analysis we have shown that the heme oxygenase gene is also induced in cultured human skin fibroblasts by UVA radiation, hydrogen peroxide, cadmium chloride, iodoacetamide, and menadione. The known antioxidant properties of heme catabolites taken together with the observation of a high level of induction of the enzyme in cells from an organ not involved in hemoglobin breakdown strongly supports the proposal that the induction of heme oxygenase may ...
Cadmium Sulphide (CdS) nanoparticles were prepared using microemulsion method using cadmium chloride as cadmium source and sodium sulphide as sulphur source. The obtained nanoparticles structures were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) whereas optical characterization was done by Ultra Violet-Visible absorption. XRD result shows that CdS nanoparticles of hexagonal phase are formed. The TEM result indicates that the synthesized CdS nanoparticles are of variable morphology like spherical, cylindrical, nanorods and nanoneedles. Histograms help to evaluate size and aspect ratio of nanoparticles. UV-Visible spectroscopy reveals that as prepared CdS nanoparticles show a quantum confinement effect with shift in band gap. It is also found that water to surfactant molar ratio (wo) and co-surfactant are vital factors in the morphology and optical properties of CdS nanoparticles.
a as sulfates and chlorides. hydrophilic group. Patented Sept. 30, 1952 I UNITED STATES i 50F STABILIZED DIAZONlUM SALTS PROCESS OF EFFEC EING SAME William von =Glal1n, Loudonv ille and Herman A. Bergstrom, Albany, N.Y.; assignors to General Aniline & Film corporation, New York, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware 3 NorDraswing. iApplicationfDecember29, 1948, serial No. 68,073 8 Claims. (019260 142) 1 This invention relates to the preparation of stable diazonium compounds and refers particuv.la rly to the production of nondusting diazonium salts orFast Color --Sa1ts of abnormal grain or Yr-particle size which can be used effectively as dye-intermediate. t v W In lthe preparation of diazonium -salts, the .diazo compound, asv producedby diazotization of a primary amine, is generally stabilized by form- .ing (1) a complex double salt of the diazonium chloride with an inorganic. salt, such as zinc ch10- ride, tin chloride, cadmium chloride, manganese hloride -or sodium ...
Prevention is the key to managing cadmium exposure. No effective treatment for cadmium toxicity exists. For the general public, the primary source of exposure to cadmium is dietary. Smoking tobacco adds an additional burden of cadmium. Nutritional deficiencies can increase the risk of cadmium toxicity. Chronic cadmium exposure primarily affects the kidneys and secondarily the bones. Acute inhalation of fumes containing cadmium affects the lungs.
Characterization of Chl a Fluorescence of Hydrophytes under Cadmium Stress - Chl a fluorescence;Hydrophytes;Cadmium stress;Fv/Fm;Lemna plants;
PubMed comprises more than 30 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
Cadmium is a soft, malleable metal that, according to OSHA, can cause serious health problems for workers exposed to it. When using this metal, proper personal protective equipment must be worn because cadmium is highly toxic. Exposure to this metal is known to cause cancer and targets the bodys cardiovascular, renal, gastrointestinal, neurological, reproductive, and respiratory systems, the administration states.. Cadmium is used today in batteries, alloys, plastic stabilizers and solar cells. OSHA estimates that 300,000 workers are exposed to the metal in the United States. Cadmium exposure can occur in all industry sectors, but construction and manufacturing have the highest exposure rates. The following workplace activities can lead to exposure:. ...
Our results suggest that functional actin is needed during SC differentiation not only for changes in cell shape but also for abundant expression of myelin-specific mRNAs. The initial step in morphological differentiation, elongation, was inhibited only when higher CD concentrations (0.75-1.0 μg/ml) known to remove stress fibers in other cell types were used (Yahara et al., 1982). At lower CD concentrations (0.25 μg/ml), SC elongation and segregation of axons away from each other occurred, but ensheathment of axons in a 1:1 relationship and spiralization did not occur. Phalloidin staining of CD-treated cultures revealed that actin became increasingly disrupted and aggregated as CD concentration increased. At the time experiments began, all cultures had equal SC densities and SCs displayed a rounded morphology characteristic of their behavior in ascorbate-free medium, which allows SC proliferation but not differentiation (Eldridge et al., 1987; Fernandez-Valle et al., 1993). Therefore, any ...
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Cadmium can come in the silver variety, Zinc and Cadmium are related somehow chemically, I believe the the Cad is a by product of zinc or something like that. The Muriatic acid is the hot tip for removing either, after the acid, drop in a solution of 1 lb baking soda per gal of water, that will neutralize and keep the bolt from rusting as it .. ...
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An introduction to cadmium plating, its uses, suitability and versatility for various processes and the environmental information you need to know.
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For around the last 9 months of my life, Ive struggled with depression. It was due to a lot of factors, wasnt fun at all. But luckily Im now out of it ...
The effects of cadmium (from 7.5 to 75 lM) on chloroplasts of rice were studied at the structural and biochemical level. Loss of pigments, reduction of thylakoids and decrease in oxygen evolution and Fv/Fm ratio occur in leaves following cadmium treatment. However, the amount of photosystem II reaction center proteins and that of its light harvesting complex is not affected, indicating that cadmium does not adversely influence the structural organization of this photosystem. In thylakoids isolated from cadmium-treated plants a loss in the capability to reduce 2,6- hlorophenolindophenol is observed, which is partially restored if diphenylcarbazide is used as an electron donor, indicating that cadmium affects water splitting activity. In thylakoids isolated from control plants and treated with cadmium, diphenylcarbazide preserves most of the photosystem II activity lost after incubation with cadmium; most of the S2 multiline electron paramagnetic resonance signal from the manganese cluster is ...
Introduction Agricultural soils in Iran, as in many other countries, are slightly to moderately contaminated by cadmium. According to some published reports, the average content of cadmium in some agricultural products and soils of Iran was found to be above the FAO/WHO guidelines. Abiotic stresses including cadmium stress can lead to overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) causing progressive oxidative damage and ultimately cell death. In order to reduce cadmium-induced toxicity and alleviate some adverse effects of this metal on plants, a number of strategies including phytoremediation have been developed. Meanwhile, it was found that application of some elements such as calcium could diminish adverse effects of heavy metals in plants. In addition to calcium, selenium due to its potential in mitigation of cadmium toxicity has gained increased attention in recent decades. Selenium, as an antioxidant, plays an important role in the maintenance of human health, and on the other hand, many ...
Previous U.S. population modeling studies have reported that urinary cadmium (Cd) excretion patterns differ with age, sex, and dietary exposure; associations between Cd exposures and health outcomes also have differed by age and sex. Therefore, it is important to test models used to estimate Cd exposures across an expanded Cd-exposure range.,We estimated relative Cd exposures from both diet and smoking in low- and high-exposure scenarios to provide data for improving risk assessment calculations.,We used a Cd toxicokinetic-based model to estimate Cd exposures based on urinary Cd levels measured for 399 persons in a low-exposure area (Bangkok) and 6,747 persons in a high-exposure area (Mae Sot) in Thailand.,In Bangkok, we estimated dietary Cd exposures of 50-56 µg/day for males and 21-27 µg/day for females 20-59 years of age who never smoked. In Mae Sot, we estimated dietary Cd exposures of 188-224 µg/day for males and 99-113 µg/day for females 20-59 years of age who never smoked. In Bangkok, ...
Cadmium poisoning through industrial exposure to inorganic cadmium fumes may produce fatigue, coughing, chest pain, a burning sensation in the throat, and renal damage. The prognosis of persons with cadmium-induced renal dysfunction is unfavorable, with urinary β-microglobulin and urinary protein the most important factors.2 Inhalation of cadmium fumes can lead to pneumonia with acute exposure and emphysema with chronic exposure.3. Cadmium poisoning is predominantly associated with cadmium fumes and/or inorganic cadmium salts that may be present in certain industrial environments. Cadmium and its inorganic compounds are commonly found in industry. Cadmium is utilized in many alloys and metal plating. Inorganic cadmium fumes or dusts are generally associated with heating, welding, and grinding of cadmium-containing metal products. Cadmium exposure in the general populace is derived from dietary intake, averaging 2−200 μg/day, and is only occasionally the precipitant of overexposure. In ...
Biochemical analyses can point to toxicant presence before its effects can be detected at higher organizational levels. We investigated responses of larval mass and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) to different cadmium treatments in 4th instar gypsy moth larvae from 20 full-sib families. Changes in trait values and trait plasticities as well as their variation were monitored after acute and chronic exposure or recovery from two cadmium concentrations (Cd(1) = 10 mu g and Cd(2) = 30 mu g Cd/g dry food). Larval mass only decreased, without returning to the control level at recovery stage following chronic cadmium challenge. Acute stress did not change trait value but increased genetic variance of larval mass. Significant ALP activity changes, sensitivity of isozyme patterns (Mr of 60, 64, and 85 kDa) and increased variation in ALP plasticity during acute exposure to cadmium point to its possible aplication as an exposure biomarker. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of Biofertilizers on Maize and Sunflower Seedlings under Cadmium Stress. AU - Gajdos, Éva. AU - Lévai, László. AU - Veres, Szilvia. AU - Kovács, Béla. PY - 2012/1/1. Y1 - 2012/1/1. N2 - Application of various alternative nutrient supplies can partly be substituted by chemical fertilizers, resulting in economical use with less environmental strains. Biofertilizers containing living microorganisms promote nutrition uptake, but still there are questions regarding their application under stress conditions. One of the main abiotic factors that can induce stress is contamination of soils with toxic elements. In the course of intensive plant-growth conditions, considerable quantities of basic cations are removed from the soil, resulting in acidification and thereby enhancing the uptake of heavy metals by plants. Cadmium (Cd) toxicity is a major problem affecting crop productivity worldwide. The presence of Cd in the rhizosphere can cause stress responses and alteration in ...
The nephrotoxicity of cadmium at low levels of exposure, measured by urinary cadmium, has recently been questioned since co-excretion of cadmium and proteins may have causes other than cadmium toxicity. The aim of this study was to explore the relation between kidney function and low or moderate cadmium levels, measured directly in kidney biopsies ...
Whole books and maybe encyclopedias could be written on pigments having the word cadmium in their common name. I dont recommend any cadmium paint because of the potential health hazard. Yes, I know: manufacturers say they are making safe cadmiums…but, in my opinion, who really knows. Therefore I dont press my luck. But, as so many of you use these pigments you should be aware of their virtues and their drawbacks. If you are not using a single pigment PY35 cadmium yellow, be aware of the additional pigment(s). If the additional pigment is an orange pigment the bias of that particular cadmium yellow will be orange. As in the case of a cadmium yellow hue, if the pigments have nothing to do with cadmium pigments, check on the bias of the pigments used to manipulate to achieve a cadmium yellow hue. If cadmium yellow has the word deep in its name, again, be assured that the bias will be orange. All yellow cadmiums made of PY37 are orange biased. Are you confused yet? I know I am. Why should any ...
Blood and urinary cadmium concentrations together with cadmium in air concentrations from the breathing zone of 18 male workers in an alkaline battery factory were determined at regular intervals for 11 consecutive weeks. Nine of the workers examined were smokers and nine non-smokers. Smokers and non-smokers did not differ in age or years of employment. Cadmium in air concentrations varied, but no definite trend was observed. The concentrations of cadmium in the blood and urine were found to be stable. Exposure to airborne cadmium was identical for smokers and non-smokers but average cadmium concentrations in the blood and urine of smokers were approximately twice as high as those in non-smokers. For the whole group, urinary cadmium was significantly correlated with years of employment, but no correlation was found between blood cadmium concentrations and exposure. For non-smokers, the correlation between cadmium in blood and years of employment was statistically significant (p less than 0.001). ...
Cadmium is a potentially toxic heavy metal that hampers plant productivity by interfering with their photochemistry. Cd causes disturbances in a range of physiological processes of plants such as photosynthesis, water relations, ion metabolism and mineral uptake. Cd pronouncedly affects photosynthesis by alteration of its vital machinery in all aspects. Photosynthesis is a well organised and sequential process fundamental to all green plants and microorganisms which involves various components, including photosynthetic pigments and photosystems, the electron transport system and CO2 reduction pathways. Any damage at any level caused by Cd, critically affects overall photosynthetic capacity. Present review focuses on key effects of Cd on photosynthetic apparatus including chloroplast structure, photosynthetic pigments, Chl-protein complexes and photosystems resulting in overall decrease in efficiency of carbon assimilation pathway.
Cadmium is a kind of metal, which is naturally found as a compound with other elements. There are many uses of cadmium, such as batteries, cigarette smoke, pigments, metal coatings, plastics, and appears a lot in industrial waste. The consequences of u...
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The effects of cadmium on performance, antioxidant defense system, liver and kidney functions, and cadmium accumulation in selected tissues of broiler chickens were studied. Whether the possible adverse effects of cadmium would reverse with the antio
Presence of cadmium in drinking water is hazardous to human health. Renal, cardiovascular, respiratory and skeletal effects have been found to be induced by cadmium exposure. Cadmium can induce renal tubular dysfunction leading to renal lesion and irreversible impairment of reabsorption capacity of renal tubules. Combine concentration of metallothionein, a cadmium binding protein, and cadmium…
Since cadmium compounds are often found in association with zinc ores, cadmium oxide is a common by-product of zinc refining.[15] It is produced by burning elemental cadmium in air. Pyrolysis of other cadmium compounds, such as the nitrate or the carbonate, also affords this oxide. When pure, it is red, but CdO is unusual in being available in many differing colours due to its tendency to form defect structures resulting from anion vacancies.[16] Cadmium oxide is prepared commercially by oxidizing cadmium vapor in air.[17] ...
The refreshed Cadmium Management Strategy explains how and why cadmium will be managed in the future. It describes governance, research, monitoring, management, and education activities. Together, these can lower cadmium in food, soils, and fertiliser. The strategy has been developed to minimise risks of cadmium to the environment and human health.. Tiered Fertiliser Management System for Soil Cadmium (2019) [PDF, 2.5 MB ...
Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Bartom seedlings grown on a substrate without or with zeolite were exposed to 450 and 1,000 µmol of Cd(NO
Concentration of aquatic environment with heavy metals has become a matter of great concern because of their toxicity, persistence and bioaccumulation. Cadmium is widely distributed in aquatic environments
Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental toxicant of widespread exposure and pervasive toxicity. Absorption, systemic transport and uptake of Cd are mediated by metal transporters that the body uses for acquisition of physiologically-essential elements, notably of iron, zinc and calcium. Currently, human ex …
TABLE-US-00001 TABLE 1 m/z No Structure 1H NMR (400 MHz) [MH].sup.+ 1 ##STR00090## (CDCl3) δ 11.75 (s, 1H), 8.38 (m,1H), 8.18 (d, 1H), 7.92 (m, 1H),7.41-7.42 (m, 1H), 7.30 (t, 1H), 7.23(d, 1H), 7.10-7.20 (m, 3H), 5.61-5.73(m, 2H, Jtrans = 16.0 Hz), 4.51 (s, 2H),4.11 (t, 2H), 4.08 (d, 2H), 2.48 (q,2H). 360 2 ##STR00091## (CDCl3) δ 11.81 (s, 1H), 8.15 (m,1H), 8.14 (d, 1H), 7.60 (m, 1H),7.36-7.37 (m, 2H), 7.31 (t, 1H), 7.23(m, 1H), 7.17 (d, 1H), 7.14-7.16 (m,1H), 7.10 (d, 1H, CH), 6.02 (dt, 1H,CH═, Jtrans = 16.0 Hz, J = 5.0 Hz),5.78 (dt, 1H, CH═, Jtrans = 16.0 Hz,J = 5.0 Hz), 4.61 (d, 2H), 4.47 (s,2H), 4.05 (d, 2H). 346 3 ##STR00092## (CDCl3) δ 11.82 (s, 1H), 8.13 (d,1H), 8.08 (s, 1H), 7.94-7.99 (m, 1H),7.50 (d, 1H), 7.36 (t, 1H), 7.30-7.35(m, 2H), 7.22-7.24 (m, 1H), 7.16 (d,1H), 7.12 (d, 1H), 5.78-5.84 (m, 1H,CH═, Jcis = 11.0 Hz), 5.66-5.72 (m,1H, CH═, Jcis = 11.0 Hz), 4.89 (d,2H), 4.45 (s, 2H), 4.15 (d, 2H). 346 4 ##STR00093## (CDCl3) δ 8.54-8.56 (m, 1H), 8.38 (d,1H), 8.32 (d, 1H), ...
Recovery of lead and cadmium ions from metal-loaded biomass of wild cocoyam (Caladium bicolor) using acidic, basic and neutral eluent solutions ...
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82 1,2,4 triazolium N imide 5. 3a d For analytical purity, each residue was rec rystallized from MeOH. (1 Benzyl 1H 1,2,4 triazol 4 ium 4 yl)(tosyl)amide ( 5 .3a ) White crystals (85%), mp 170.0 C (lit. 155 mp 171.0 173.0 C); 1 H NMR (DMSO d 6 ): 9.9 0 (s, 1H), 8.73 (s, 1H), 7.45 7.35 (m, 5H), 7.29 7.19 (m, 4H), 5.47 (s, 2H), 2.33 (s, 3H); 13 C NMR (DMSO d 6 ): 173.7, 145.6, 142.0, 140.5, 133.8, 129.1, 128.8, 128.6, 128.1, 126.3, 54.5, 20.8. (1 Methyl 1H 1,2,4 triazol 4 ium 4 yl)(tosyl)amide ( 5 .3b ). White crystals (83%), mp 203.0 C; 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 ): 9.72 (s, 1H), 8.64 (s, 1H), 7.45 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.24 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 3.93 (s, 3H), 2.33 (s, 3H) ; 13 C NMR (CDCl 3 ): 144.9, 142.1, 140.4, 140.1, 129.0, 126.3, 38.5, 20.8; Anal. Calcd. For C 1 0 H 12 N 4 O 2 S: C, 47.61; H, 4.79; N, 22.21. Found: C, 47.82; H, 4.83; N, 22.27. (1 Butyl 1H 1,2,4 triazol 4 ium 4 yl)(tosyl)amide ( 5 .3c ) White crystals (88%), mp 178.0 180.0 C; 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 ): 10.00 (s, 1H), 7.85 (s, 1H), 7.63 (d, J = ...
Cadmium poisoning is a very serious health issue that often goes undiagnosed; its somewhat generic symptoms include things like chronic anxiety, stomach pains, kidney damage and even death. But a cohort of scientific literature reveals that regular supplementation with high-dose vitamin C combined with a healthy diet may help block the absorption of cadmium, and potentially even accelerate its natural detoxification from the body. ...
Mar 30, 2006 · um, with a condensation temperature of 430 K at 7.5 × 10 − 7 Pa, is a more volatile element than either S, with a condensation temperature of 684 K, or K with a condensation temperature of 1000 K . Cadmium possesses eight stable isotopes, ranging in mass number from 106 to 116, and has an atomic number Z = 48. Cadmium is therefore the Get price ...
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A rapid and sensitive one-vial procedure to determine metallothionein (MT) containing zinc (Zn) and cadmium (Cd) is described. New features of this Cd-saturation method are: high molecular weight...
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Not only by eating foods but also breathing air contaminated with cadmium affects human health. How bad it could be depends on the exposure.
An excellent specimen of the rare variety Cadimium rich Willemite, from the Tsumeb Mine, Namibia. The specimen displays two areas of rare elongated parallel yellow habit prismatic crystals of Cadmium Willemite measuring to 2.7cm.
These glazes contain fritted lead and may yield in excess of 2 parts per million soluble lead and therefore should not be used on the contact surfaces of food or beverage ceramic ware. Cadmium Gloss Glazes 10000C - 10400C. Use on earthenware clay in an oxidising atmosphere - produce glossy colours. ...
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Question: Which Of The Following Is Not A Common Solvent Used For Acquiring A H NMR Spectrum? CDCl_3 CCl_4 CH_3 OH CH_3 OH D_2 O Which Of The Following Is True About The Number Of Signals In A H NMR Spectrum? It Indicates The Number Of Neighboring Protons It Indicates The Electronic Environment Of Neighboring Protons It Indicates The Number Of Different Kinds ...
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Landolt-Börnstein - Group II Molecules and Radicals | Volume 29A1 | Book DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-69954-5 | SpringerMaterials 2012
Here you can find all of the regulations and regulatory lists in which this substance appears, according to the data available to ECHA. This substance has been found in the following regulatory activities (directly, or inheriting the regulatory context of a parent substance):. ...
Cadmium arsenide - Cd3As2. *Cadmium bromide - CdBr2. *Cadmium chloride - CdCl2 ...
Cadmium chloride. Преузето из „https://sr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kadmijum_hlorid&oldid=9296505" ...
An example is the group of fluxes containing zinc, tin or cadmium compounds, usually chlorides, sometimes fluorides or ... alcohol Cryolite and barium chloride Oleic acid Lithium chloride Magnesium chloride Sodium chloride Potassium chloride Unslaked ... Zinc chloride and Ammonium chloride Olive oil and Ammonium chloride - for iron Rosin, tallow, olive oil, and zinc chloride - ... Another possibility is an inorganic flux composed of zinc chloride or tin(II) chloride, ammonium chloride, and a fluoride (e.g ...
Chemicals tested include Nitrates, Perchlorate, Sulfate, Chloride, Coliform, Volatile Organic Compounds, Aluminum, Arsenic, ... Cadmium, Chromium, Iron, Lead, Manganese, Thallium, Vanadium, Zinc, Radium, and Uranium. Most owners received information by ...
The anode reaction is Cd → Cd2+ + 2 e− so that a cadmium chloride (CdCl2) solution is formed near the anode and moves toward ... because the chloride ions are able to move faster, i.e., chloride ions have higher mobility than sodium ions. The sum of the ... For example, in an aqueous solution of sodium chloride, less than half of the current is carried by the positively charged ... For example, the transport numbers of hydrochloric acid (HCl(aq)) may be determined by electrolysis between a cadmium anode and ...
An example is the group of fluxes containing zinc, tin or cadmium compounds, usually chlorides, sometimes fluorides or ... Another possibility is an inorganic flux composed of zinc chloride or tin(II) chloride,[16] ammonium chloride, and a fluoride ( ... The compounds used include metal halides (most often zinc chloride or ammonium chloride), hydrochloric acid, phosphoric acid, ... Acid flux types (not used in electronics) may contain hydrochloric acid, zinc chloride or ammonium chloride, which are harmful ...
... cadmium, chloride, chromium, color, copper, cyanide, iron, lead, manganese, mercury, nickel, nitrate, pH, selenium, TDS, ... Stormwater runoff from roadways has been observed to contain many metals including zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), nickel ...
MgCl2 crystallizes in the cadmium chloride motif, which features octahedral Mg centers. Several hydrates are known with the ... Beryllium chloride. Calcium chloride. Strontium chloride. Barium chloride. Radium chloride Except where otherwise noted, data ... Magnesium chloride is used in nutraceutical and pharmaceutical preparations. Cuisine[edit]. Magnesium chloride (E511[13]) is an ... Calcium chloride damages concrete twice as fast as magnesium chloride.[11] It should be noticed that the amount of magnesium ...
Anderson, N. A.; Owen, J. S. (2013). "Soluble, Chloride-Terminated CdSe Nanocrystals: Ligand Exchange Monitored by 1H and 31P ... CdSe is a component of the pigment cadmium orange. CdSe occurs in the nature as the very rare mineral cadmoselite. Cadmium is a ... sttic.com.ru Media related to Cadmium selenide at Wikimedia Commons National Pollutant Inventory - Cadmium and compounds ... Cadmium selenide is an inorganic compound with the formula CdSe. It is a black to red-black solid that is classified as a II-VI ...
... or from cadmium oxide or cadmium carbonate. Cadmium chloride is used for the preparation of cadmium sulfide, used as "Cadmium ... Anhydrous cadmium chloride can be prepared by the action of anhydrous chlorine or hydrogen chloride gas on heated cadmium metal ... Cadmium chloride is also used for photocopying, dyeing and electroplating. Anatolievich, Kiper Ruslan. "cadmium chloride". ... Cadmium chloride is a white crystalline compound of cadmium and chlorine, with the formula CdCl2. This salt is a hygroscopic ...
Bhat, G. and Maiti, B. (1993). "Effects of Nitrofurantoin and Cadmium Chloride on Spermatogenetic Activity in an Avian Pest, ...
... terephthalate nickel-cadmium battery nickel metal hydride battery lithium-ion battery lead-acid battery polyvinyl chloride ...
"Cadmium Chloride - CdCl2". http://wwwchem.uwimona.edu.jm. Mona, Jamaica: The University of the West Indies. Retrieved 2014-06- ... Zinc chloride. Mercury(II) chloride. Calcium chloride Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their ... "cadmium chloride". http://chemister.ru. Retrieved 2014-06-25.. External link in ,website=. (help). .mw-parser-output cite. ... కాడ్మియం ఎల్లో("Cadmium Yellow") గా వ్యవహరింపబడుతున్న కాడ్మియం సల్ఫైడ్, ఒక స్థిరమైన ప్రకాశమైన పసుపు రంగును ఇచ్చు వర్ణరసాయన ...
Cadmium chloride. Mercury(II) chloride Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at ... The use of zinc chloride as a flux, sometimes in a mixture with ammonium chloride (see also Zinc ammonium chloride), involves ... just as zinc chloride hydrate does. The action of zinc chloride/ammonium chloride fluxes, for example, in the hot-dip ... Zinc chloride is the name of chemical compounds with the formula ZnCl2 and its hydrates. Zinc chlorides, of which nine ...
... via electrolytic or electroless nickel plating on other materials Silver Tin Zinc Infrared crystals Cadmium sulfide Cadmium ... Silicon Sodium chloride Tellurium dioxide Zinc selenide Zinc sulfide The most often requested materials that are not readily ...
Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) or Chlorinated Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Pipe and Piping Components with Tapered Sockets F3329-18 ... Cadmium, Mercury, and Lead in Polymeric Material Using Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry F2618-19 Specification for ... Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Plastic Pipe, Schedules 40 and 80 F442/F442M-20 Specification for Chlorinated Poly(Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC ... Vinyl Chloride) (PVC) or Chlorinated Poly (Vinyl Chloride) (CPVC) Systems F1971-12(2018) Test Method for Electrical Resistance ...
The structure is identical to that of Mg(OH)2 (brucite structure); i.e., the cadmium iodide motif. Strong hydrogen bonds exist ... 2 In the laboratory it can be prepared by mixing aqueous solutions of calcium chloride and sodium hydroxide. The mineral form, ...
The difluorides of the transition metals often adopt the rutile structure whereas the dichlorides have cadmium chloride ... Sodium fluoride and sodium chloride adopt the same structure. For compounds containing more than one fluoride per cation, the ... In terms of its reactivity, fluoride differs significantly from chloride and other halides, and is more strongly solvated in ... Treatment may involve oral administration of dilute calcium hydroxide or calcium chloride to prevent further absorption, and ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... Mercury(I) chloride (also known as calomel or mercurous chloride) has been used in traditional medicine as a diuretic, topical ... Mercury(II) chloride (also known as mercuric chloride or corrosive sublimate) was once used to treat syphilis (along with other ... and elemental mercury.[41] Mercury(I) chloride, a colorless solid also known as calomel, is really the compound with the ...
Cobalt(II) chloride rat, oral 80 mg/kg 0.08 [48]. Cadmium oxide rat, oral 72 mg/kg 0.072 [49]. ... "Safety (MSDS) data for sodium chloride". ox.ac.uk.. [permanent dead link] ... Alkyl dimethyl benzalkonium chloride (ADBAC) rat, oral fish, immersion aquatic invertebrates, immersion 304.5 mg/kg {0.28 mg/L ... August 2006). Reregistration Eligibility Decision for Alkyl Dimethyl Benzyl Ammonium Chloride (ADBAC) (PDF) (Report). U.S. ...
In the US, General Electric made a locomotive with sodium - nickel chloride (Na-NiCl2) battery storage. They expect ≥10% fuel ... metal hydride batteries-the type currently used in hybrids-are much lower than batteries like lead acid or nickel cadmium ... such as nickel chloride and nickel oxide, have known carcinogenic effects in chick embryos and rats.[71][72][73] The main ...
Pacemaker neurons can further be subdivided into cadmium sensitive (CS) and cadmium insensitive (CI) pacemaker neurons. ... Other potassium channels like large conductance calcium-dependent potassium channels and sodium chloride dependent potassium ...
As such, the anion and cation packing are like those in cadmium iodide, in which the cobalt(II) cations have octahedral ... chloride, etc. (the hydrotalcite structure). It is usually obtained as a blue precipitate when a base like sodium hydroxide is ...
Concentrations of heavy metals such as lead, mercury, and cadmium, commonly found in sewage sludge, which is also used as ... and inorganic salts such as sodium chloride, which are also part of the wastes excreted by the renal system. Over-fertilization ... Phosphate ores contain heavy metals such as cadmium and uranium, which can reach the food chain via mineral phosphate ...
Zinc chloride is a common ingredient in mouthwashes and deodorants, and zinc pyrithione is an ingredient in antidandruff ... cadmium, zinc, copper, and mercury) can induce special protein complexes called metallothioneins. Medical uses of silver ... such as silver chloride, also act as bactericides or germicides, but not the much less soluble silver sulfide. In the presence ...
... chloride Mercury (element) Mercury (II) chloride mercury fulminate mercury-vapor lamp Metacinnabarite metal metal halide ... cadmium Calamine Calcite Calcium Calcium carbonate Calcium oxide Californium calomel Calorimeter Canfieldite Carbohydrate ... skeletal formula skin Smectite Smoky quartz Soapstone Soda niter sodium Sodium bicarbonate Sodium carbonate Sodium chloride ... reaction Chemical series Chemical thermodynamics Cheminformatics chemist chemistry Chemistry basic topics Chirality Chloride ...
The inhalation of cadmium can cause severe damage to the lungs and is also known to cause kidney damage.[94] Cadmium is also ... Substances found in large quantities include epoxy resins, fiberglass, PCBs, PVC (polyvinyl chlorides), thermosetting plastics ... These batteries tend to contain between 6 and 18% cadmium. The sale of Nickel-Cadmium batteries has been banned in the European ... The most common form of cadmium is found in Nickel-cadmium rechargeable batteries. ...
To date, the first ten of fifty-five contaminant SGVs have been published, for the following: arsenic, cadmium, chromium, lead ... vinyl chloride, 1,1,2,2 tetrachloroethane and 1,1,1,2 tetrachloroethane, 1,1,1 trichloroethane, tetrachloroethene, carbon ...
The precipitate afforded by potassium cadmium iodide solution is crystalline, mp. 118 °C, while that given by nicotine with ... He then performed a Knoevenagel condensation with acetaldehyde in anhydrous zinc chloride to yield 2-propenylpyridine. In fact ...
MTs have the capacity to bind both physiological (such as zinc, copper, selenium) and xenobiotic (such as cadmium, mercury, ... the participation of inorganic sulfide and chloride ions has been proposed for some MT forms. In some MTs, mostly bacterial, ... ISBN 1-84755-899-2. CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link) Margoshes M, Vallee BL (1957). "A cadmium protein from equine ... Freisinger E, Vašák M (2013). "Cadmium in metallothioneins". Met Ions Life Sci. 11: 339-71. doi:10.1007/978-94-007-5179-8_11. ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... chloride with potassium to form metallic yttrium and potassium chloride.[6][7] ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... which is comparable to the LD50 values of potassium chloride and sodium chloride.[244] Caesium chloride has been promoted as an ... The metal is produced electrolytically from a mixture of fused lithium chloride and potassium chloride.[183] ... potassium chloride).[30] Previously, potassium was generally made from the electrolysis of potassium chloride or potassium ...
Table salt (sodium chloride) is the main dietary source. hypochloremia hyperchloremia Sodium 01500.0001500 2300; NE Quantity A ... and cadmium have specialized biochemical uses in certain lower organisms, but these elements appear not to be utilized by ... Table salt (sodium chloride, the main source), sea vegetables, milk, and spinach. hyponatremia hypernatremia ...
Garrett, Donald E (5. april 2004). Handbook of Lithium and Natural Calcium Chloride. s. 99. ISBN 9780080472904.. ... Legeringer af metallet med aluminium, cadmium, kobber og mangan anvendes til at fremstille flydele.[107] ... Garrett, Donald E. (2004-04-05) (på en). Handbook of Lithium and Natural Calcium Chloride. Academic Press. s. 200. ISBN ...
This experiment was extended to other metals such as nickel, cadmium, and iron, all of which yielded similar results.[6] The ... it is used to etch copper on printed circuit boards as an alternative to ferric chloride solution.[5] This property was ...
response to cadmium ion. • negative regulation of calcineurin-NFAT signaling cascade. • response to copper ion. • negative ... regulation of intracellular calcium activated chloride channel activity. • negative regulation of dendritic spine maintenance. ...
In some designs, the ammonium chloride is replaced by zinc chloride. Molten salt. Molten salt batteries are primary or ... Environmental hazard due to Cadmium - use now virtually prohibited in Europe. Lead-acid. 2.1. 140. Moderately expensive. ... Zinc-chloride. 1.5. Also known as "heavy-duty", inexpensive.. Alkaline. (zinc-manganese dioxide). Zn. MnO2. 1.5. 1.15. 0.4-0.59 ... Nickel-cadmium chemistry.. Inexpensive. High-/low-drain, moderate energy density. Can withstand very high discharge rates with ...
The chemical reaction at the positive electrode is similar to that of the nickel-cadmium cell (NiCd), with both using nickel ... Devices that were designed to operate using primary alkaline chemistry (or zinc-carbon/chloride) cells may not function with ... This method is often used with nickel-cadmium cells, which display a large voltage drop at full charge. However, the voltage ... oxide hydroxide (NiOOH). However, the negative electrodes use a hydrogen-absorbing alloy instead of cadmium. A NiMH battery can ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... For example, ytterbium(III) chloride (YbCl3) is a Lewis acid and can be used as a catalyst in the Aldol[20] and Diels-Alder ... Gale, T.F. (1975). "The Embryotoxicity of Ytterbium Chloride in Golden Hamsters". Teratology. 11 (3): 289-95. doi:10.1002/tera. ... which crystallizes in the same structure as sodium chloride.[8] ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... This makes hydrogen sulfide and barium chloride. The barium chloride is melted and electrolyzed to get liquid barium metal. The ... The barium chloride is melted and electrolyzed, making barium metal. Uses[change , change source]. As a metal[change , change ... Barium carbonate, the other ore of barium, is dissolved in hydrochloric acid to make barium chloride and carbon dioxide. ...
Cadmium 1817 S. L Hermann, F. Stromeyer, and J.C.H. Roloff 1817 S. L Hermann, F. Stromeyer, and J.C.H. Roloff All three found ... Wöhler mistakenly thought he had isolated the metal in 1828 from a volatile chloride he supposed to be yttrium chloride,[62][63 ... "48 Cadmium". Elements.vanderkrogt.net. Retrieved 2008-09-12.. *^ "34 Selenium". Elements.vanderkrogt.net. Retrieved 2008-09-12. ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... For example, germanium chloride and germane (GeH4) are a liquid and gas, respectively, that can be very irritating to the eyes ... Winkler was able to prepare several new compounds of germanium, including fluorides, chlorides, sulfides, dioxide, and ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... Manganese is an important cofactor, and calcium and chloride are also required for the reaction to occur. (Raven 2005) ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... Manganese is an important cofactor, and calcium and chloride are also required for the reaction to occur. (Raven 2005) ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... Bismuth(III) chloride reacts with hydrogen chloride in ether solution to produce the acid HBiCl. 4.[30] ... 18, which is prepared by reducing a mixture of hafnium(IV) chloride and bismuth chloride with elemental bismuth, having the ... It is also used to treat some other gastro-intestinal diseases like shigellosis[64] and cadmium poisoning.[5] The mechanism of ...
Cadmium oxide (CdO). *Calcium oxide (CaO). *Carbon monoxide (CO). *Chromium(II) oxide (CrO) ... Hydrogen chloride. *Hydrogen fluoride. *Hydrogen (molecular). *Hydroxyl radical. *Iron(II) oxide. *Magnesium monohydride cation ...
It is one of the main precursors to other cadmium compounds. It crystallizes in a cubic rocksalt lattice like sodium chloride, ... A thin coat of cadmium oxide forms on the surface of cadmium in moist air at room temperature.[12] Cadmium will oxidize at room ... Cadmium oxide is used in cadmium plating baths, electrodes for storage batteries, cadmium salts, catalyst, ceramic glazes, ... Cadmium oxide can be found as a colorless amorphous powder or as brown or red crystals.[12] Cadmium oxide is an n-type ...
The oxide also may be prepared specially for catalytic use by heating variously a mixture of palladium(II) chloride and ... Cadmium oxide (CdO). *Calcium oxide (CaO). *Carbon monoxide (CO). *Chromium(II) oxide (CrO) ...
Ipecac was used in cough mixtures as an expectorant or an emetic from the 18th until the early 20th century.[citation needed] For instance, Ipecac and opium were used to produce Dover's powder, which was used in syrup form.[citation needed] In 1965, the FDA approved the sale of up to one ounce of syrup of ipecac without a prescription. At the time it was approved, its use was recommended by the AAP, AAPCC, AMA, and the FDA's medical advisory board as a method to induce vomiting "for quick first-aid use in the home, under medical supervision", for use in cases of accidental poisoning.[2][3] Current guidelines from the American Academy of Pediatrics, however, strongly advise against this and in fact recommend the disposal of any syrup of ipecac present in the home.[4] Many toxicological associations have also issued position papers recommending against its use as a first-line treatment for most ingested poisons,[5] because of a lack of evidence that syrup of ipecac actually helps improve the ...
Heating with chlorine and carbon yields chromium(III) chloride and carbon monoxide: Cr. 2O. 3 + 3 Cl. 2 + 3 C → 2 CrCl. 3 + 3 ... Cadmium oxide (CdO). *Calcium oxide (CaO). *Carbon monoxide (CO). *Chromium(II) oxide (CrO) ...
... (trade name Nimelan), also known as N-allylnormorphine dinicotinate, dinicotinoylnalorphine, or niconalorphine, is a semisynthetic, mixed opioid agonist-antagonist which is described as a narcotic antagonist but may produce limited analgesia and sedation at higher doses in opioid naive patients (with limited euphoria and dependence liability).[1][2] It is the 3,6-dinicotinate ester of nalorphine, and is therefore the nalorphine analogue of nicomorphine (which is the 3,6-dinicotinate ester of morphine). As nalorphine dinicotinate is only regulated at the Rx (prescription required) drug, it would be legal to possess with a valid prescription should a patient manage to acquire it.[citation needed] ...
Behavioural and functional neurotoxicological changes caused by cadmium in a three-generational study in rats. Author:. ...
Cadmium chloride for your research needs. Find product specific information including CAS, MSDS, protocols and references. ... Cadmium, Cadmium Salts, Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry, Chemical Synthesis, Crystal Grade Inorganics, Essential Chemicals, ... UN2570 - class 6.1 - PG 3 - EHS - Cadmium compounds, HI: all (not BR) ...
Cadmium chloride explanation free. What is Cadmium chloride? Meaning of Cadmium chloride medical term. What does Cadmium ... Looking for online definition of Cadmium chloride in the Medical Dictionary? ... cadmium. (redirected from Cadmium chloride). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. cadmium. (Cd) [kad´ ... Oncogenicity of rat prostate cells transformed in vitro with cadmium chloride.. Acquisition of apoptotic resistance in cadmium- ...
Cadmium chloride did not show any skin sensitization effects at 0.5% in a GMPT test. Cadmium chloride and sulphate were patch- ... Cadmium chloride did not show any skin sensitization effects at 0.5% in a GMPT test. Cadmium chloride and sulphate were patch- ... Positive patch-test reactions to cadmium chloride and sulphate in human volunteers are summarised by Wahlberg (1977). The ... With regard to cadmium metal and cadmium oxide, the accumulated experience in occupational practice over decades does not ...
Page contains details about cadmium chloride nanocrystals . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, ...
Mutagenic activity of cadmium chloride on the genetic variability of soft wheat * Zh. Zh. Chunetova Al-Farabi Kazakh National ... Mutagenic activity of cadmium chloride on the genetic variability of soft wheat. International Journal of Biology and Chemistry ...
Looking for Cadmium Chloride Hydrate in India, Cadmium Chloride Hydrate Products, Cadmium Chloride Hydrate Suppliers in India, ... Cadmium Chloride Hydrate Products, Cadmium Chloride Hydrate Suppliers in India, Cadmium Chloride Hydrate Manufacturers in India ... Cadmium Chloride Hydrate Manufacturers in India - India Yellow Pages Online? Get Suppliers / Manufacturers / Retailers Company ... Cadmium Chloride Hydrate in India. Looking for Cadmium Chloride Hydrate in India ? Where to Get Cadmium Chloride Hydrate in ...
Abstract: Cadmium selenide (CdSe) have been prepared by the reduction of mixed solution of cadmium chloride (CdCl2), sodium ... of hollow sphere with 30-50nm in diameter have been prepared form the mixed solution of cadmium chloride (CdCl2), sodium ...
In vivo effects of cadmium chloride on certain aspects of carbohydrate metabolism in the tissues of a freshwater field crab ...
... sexually mature adult female rats were exposed to sub chronic treatment of cadmium chloride (CdCl2) at a dose of 6 mg/kg/ body ... Ovariectomized (Ovx) sexually mature adult female rats were exposed to sub chronic treatment of cadmium chloride (CdCl2) at a ... Protective Effect of Selenium against Oxidative Stress during Ovariectomy and Ovariectomy-Cadmium Exposure on Blood Parameters ...
Cadmium, Inhibin, Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate, Costs, Emotional Stress, Families, Health, Lip, Palate, Patients, Public Health, ... Risk, Affect, Annexin V, Anti-mullerian Hormone, Blood, Blood-testis Barrier, Cadmium Chloride, Cells ... Toxicity of cadmium on Sertoli cell functional competence: an in vitro study.. Abstract. ... Research Interests: Cadmium, Inhibin, Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate, Costs, Emotional Stress, Families, Health, Lip, Palate, Patients ...
... or from cadmium oxide or cadmium carbonate. Cadmium chloride is used for the preparation of cadmium sulfide, used as "Cadmium ... Anhydrous cadmium chloride can be prepared by the action of anhydrous chlorine or hydrogen chloride gas on heated cadmium metal ... Cadmium chloride is also used for photocopying, dyeing and electroplating. Anatolievich, Kiper Ruslan. "cadmium chloride". ... Cadmium chloride is a white crystalline compound of cadmium and chlorine, with the formula CdCl2. This salt is a hygroscopic ...
Cadmium chloride. Regulatory process names 6 Translated names 18 IUPAC names 5 Other identifiers 3 ... This database contains use prohibitions of mercury and cadmium above certain thresholds in batteries and accumulators, with ... It also captures certain labeling requirements on such products containing mercury, cadmium and lead above specified quantities ...
Apart from cadmium sulphide, none of the insoluble cadmium compounds(e.g. cadmium sulfoselenide, cadmium zinc sulphide or ... Based on available data and read-across, cadmium chloride and sulphate are currently classified as Muta. Cat. 2; R46 (may cause ... the other highly soluble forms of cadmium (i.e. cadmium nitrate) warrant comparable classifications. ... If cadmium inhibits the repair of DNA damage induced by other agents, this could explain some of the differences in the results ...
Cadmium chloride. Regulatory process names 1 Translated names 18 CAS names 1 IUPAC names 6 Other identifiers 3 ...
Pulmonary changes resulting from subchronic exposure to cadmium chloride aerosol.. Kutzman RS, Drew RT, Shiotsuka RN, Cockrell ...
Next Generation Science Standards and NGSS are registered trademarks of Achieve. Neither Achieve nor the lead states and partners that developed the Next Generation Science Standards were involved in the production of this product, and do not endorse it.. ...
cadmium chloride, ultra dry, cdcl2.h2o, cadmium chloride hydrate, cadmium chloride 1-hydrate, cadmium chloride hydrate, ... cadmium chloride, ultra dry, cdcl2.h2o, cadmium chloride hydrate, cadmium chloride 1-hydrate, cadmium chloride hydrate, ... puratronic, cadmium chloride monohydrate, puriss, cadmium chloride hydrate trace metals basis. IUPAC Name. dichlorocadmium; ... DOTInformation : Transport Hazard Class: 6.1; Packing Group: II; Proper Shipping Name: CADMIUM COMPOUNDS ...
offers cobalt oxide, carbonates, chlorides and nickel oxide. more... EMAIL INQUIRY to 6 Cadmium Oxide/Carbonate/Nitrate/ ... Cadmium Oxide/Carbonate/Nitrate/Chloride Suppliers. Limit companies to: Worldwide USA China India ... is a manufacturer and supplier of cadmium carbonate, cadmium sulfide, cobalt oxide, copper oxide black, sodium silico fluoride ... Synonyms for Cadmium Oxide/Carbonate/Nitrate/Chloride ...
Human thioredoxin C35S,C62S,C69S,C73S mutant showing cadmium chloride bound to the active site. *DOI: 10.2210/pdb3KD0/pdb ... The 1.7 A resolution crystal structure of a cadmium chloride complex with the active site of a mutant human thioredoxin. Hall, ...
Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use. In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible). This material and/or its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste. Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/Safety data sheets.. H301-H330-H340-H350-H360-H372-H400-H410: Toxic if swallowed. Fatal if inhaled. May cause genetic defects. May cause cancer. May damage fertility or the unborn child. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure. Very toxic to aquatic life. Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.. DOTInformation : DOT Class: 6.1, Packaging Group: III. EINECSNumber : 233-296-7. ...
Yellow Pages Directory of Cadmium Chloride, Cadmium Chloride manufacturers, Traders, and Cadmium Chloride, Cadmium Chloride ... Find the list of best Cadmium Chloride suppliers & Manufacturers. ... Deals in Cadmium Chloride, N-butyl Bromide, Thionyl Chloride, iso propyl bromide ... Deals in Cadmium Chloride, Sodium Cyanide Tablet, Zinc Cyanide Powder, Zinc Sulphate ...
Find out information about cadmium chloride. CdCl2 A cadmium halide in the form of colorless crystals, soluble in water, ... methanol, and ethanol; used in photography, in dyeing and calico printing, and... Explanation of cadmium chloride ... cadmium chloride. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia. cadmium chloride. [′kad·mē·əm ′klȯr‚īd] (inorganic ... The source of cadmium ions was aqueous cadmium chloride (Cd[Cl.. Impurity effects of cadmium ions on the fundamental absorption ...
Three high-resolution crystal structures of cadmium-substituted carboxypeptidase A provide insight into the enzymatic function ... CADMIUM-SUBSTITUTED BOVINE PACREATIC CARBOXYPEPTIDASE A (ALFA-FORM) AT PH 5.5 AND 2 MM CHLORIDE IN MONOCLINIC CRYSTAL FORM.. * ...
... hemipentahydrate ImageFile1 = Cadmium chloride 3D balls.png ImageName1 = Cadmium chloride ImageFile2 = Cadmium ... Cadmium chloride ImageFile = Cadmium chloride hemipentahydrate.jpg ImageName = ... Cadmium fluoride. Cadmium bromide. Cadmium iodide. OtherCations = Zinc chloride. Mercury(II) chloride. Cadmium chloride is a ... cadmium - A metal found in several compounds: cadmium oxide, cadmium carbonate, cadmium chloride, cadmium sulfate, and cadmium ...
... and poly aluminium chloride (PAC) was investigated for the first time, with the exploration of removal mechanism and efficacy. ... Cadmium is highly poisonous to mammals and related water pollution incidents are increasing world-widely. Here, the clean-up of ... A combined system of microwave-functionalized rice husk and poly-aluminium chloride for trace cadmium-contaminated source water ... A combined system of microwave-functionalized rice husk and poly-aluminium chloride for trace cadmium-contaminated source water ...
Cadmium chloride (CdCl2) anhydrous was purchased from Sigma Chem. Co. (St. Louis, MO, U.S.A.). Tris/-HCl was obtained from ... Protective effects of Fragaria ananassa methanolic extract in a rat model of cadmium chloride-induced neurotoxicity. Manal F. ... 2018) Protective effects of Fragaria ananassa extract against cadmium chloride-induced acute renal toxicity in rats. Biol. ... The present study evaluated the protective effects of Fragaria ananassa methanolic extract (SME) on cadmium chloride (CdCl2)- ...
The effects and treatment of inhalation of cadmium chloride aerosols in the dog. by Helena Harrison et al. ... The effects and treatment of inhalation of cadmium chloride aerosols in the dog.. *. Helena Harrison, Haley Bunting ... Nitrate and Chloride in the Illinois Waterway. Walt Kelly ISWS + 9 • Oct 21, 2017 ...
... after injection of cadmium chloride in the rat. by Brian P. Setchell et al. ... Changes in the permeability of the testicular capillaries and of the blood-testis barrier after injection of cadmium chloride ... Changes in the Peritubular Tissue of Rat Testis after Cadmium Treatment. *Elena Marettová, M. Maretta, J. Legáth ... FK506, a calcineurin inhibitor, prevents cadmium-induced testicular toxicity in mice.. *Lisa Joy Martin, Haiyan Chen, +9 ...
Cadmium Chloride CAS 10108-64-2 Bekalan Kualiti Cadmium Chloride CAS 10108-64-2 Cadmium Chloride adalah bahan kimia putih, ... Wholesale Bekalan Cadmium Chloride from China, Need to find cheap Bekalan Cadmium Chloride as low price but leading ... Bekalan Cadmium Chloride - pengeluar, kilang, pembekal dari China Kami khusus Bekalan Cadmium Chloride pengilang & pembekal / ... Rumah > Produk-produk > Bekalan Cadmium Chloride(Jumlah 24 produk untuk Bekalan Cadmium Chloride) ...
... cadmium sulphate is also classified in Annex I asT; R25, which is justified given its comparable solubility to cadmium chloride ... On this basis, cadmium chloride has been classified asT; R25 (toxic if swallowed) in Annex I of Directive 67/548/EEC.Under GHS- ... Cadmiumchloride and oxidehave a high acute toxicity by the inhalationroute. The most reliable result for these substances is ... On this basis, cadmium chloride has been classified asT; R25(toxic if swallowed) in Annex I of Directive 67/548/EEC.Under GHS- ...
Treating cadmium-telluride (CdTe) solar cell materials with cadmium-chloride improves their efficiency, but researchers have ... cadmium-chloride, cadmium-telluride, CdTe, cell efficiency, Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Chen Li, chlorine, CNMS, ... cadmium chloride treatment. The increased brightness after treatment indicates higher current collection at the grain ... Cross-sectional electron beam-induced current maps show the difference in cadmium telluride solar cells before (pictured above ...
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Cd Cadmium available elemental form ultra pellets chloride bromide and iodide are also available as ultra high purity beads APL ... Cadmium chloride bromide and iodide are also available as ultra high purity beads. Compounds of cadmium play an important role ... Cadmium is available in elemental form as ultra high purity (99.999%) pellets. ...
... cadmium from pigments has a similar solubility and bioavailability as an easily soluble cadmium salt such as cadmium chloride. ... Barium cadmium calcium chloride fluoride phosphate, antimony and manganese-doped CAS: 68784-55-4, EC: 272-257-9 Add to watched ... Barium cadmium calcium chloride fluoride phosphate, antimony and manganese-doped. CAS. 68784-55-4. ... Cadmium sulfoselenide and cadmium zinc sulphide are used as bright yellow to deep red pigments in artists paint. By rinsing ...
Phase Equilibrium of the Ternary System Cadmium Chloride + l -Threonine + Water at 298.15 K and Standard Molar Enthalpy of ...
  • Cadmium chloride and sulphate were patch-tested in human volunteers but, across several studies, the evidence remained inconclusive. (europa.eu)
  • Positive patch-test reactions to cadmium chloride and sulphate in human volunteers are summarised by Wahlberg (1977). (europa.eu)
  • Cadmium chloride is colorless, odorless and highly soluble in water. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • The only skin sensitization study that could be found was a guinea-pig maximization test (GMPT) conducted with water soluble cadmium chloride, which indicated no contact sensitisation following epicutaneous exposure at concentrations up to 0.5% after intradermal or topical sensitisation (Wahlberg and Boman, 1979). (europa.eu)
  • At present, none of the cadmium substances covered in the present assessment is classified for skin sensitization in Annex I of Directive 67/548/EEC. (europa.eu)
  • With regard to cadmium metal and cadmium oxide, the accumulated experience in occupational practice over decades does not indicate any sensitizing potential (ECB, 2007). (europa.eu)
  • Cadmium chloride did not show any skin sensitization effects at 0.5% in a GMPT test. (europa.eu)
  • The results are not consistent and, according to the authors, the percentage of positive reactions may have varied with the vehicle used for the cadmium solution (ethanol or water) or with possible impurities contained in the test substance. (europa.eu)
  • Cadmium chloride forms crystals with rhombohedral symmetry. (wikipedia.org)
  • It crystallizes in a hexagonal space group P63/mmc with unit cell lengths a = 7.403 Å and c = 18.406 Å, with one cadmium ion having D3d symmetry and the other having C3v symmetry. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cadmium chloride is a white crystalline compound of cadmium and chlorine, with the formula CdCl2. (wikipedia.org)
  • Caesium cadmium chloride (CsCdCl3) is a synthetic crystalline material. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cd + 2 HCl → CdCl2 + H2 Hydrochloric acid may be used to make hydrated CdCl2 from the metal, or from cadmium oxide or cadmium carbonate. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is formed when an aqueous solution of hydrochloric acid containing an equimolar solution of caesium chloride and cadmium chloride. (wikipedia.org)