Cadmium Chloride: A cadmium halide in the form of colorless crystals, soluble in water, methanol, and ethanol. It is used in photography, in dyeing, and calico printing, and as a solution to precipitate sulfides. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Cadmium: An element with atomic symbol Cd, atomic number 48, and atomic weight 114. It is a metal and ingestion will lead to CADMIUM POISONING.Cadmium Poisoning: Poisoning occurring after exposure to cadmium compounds or fumes. It may cause gastrointestinal syndromes, anemia, or pneumonitis.Metallothionein: A low-molecular-weight (approx. 10 kD) protein occurring in the cytoplasm of kidney cortex and liver. It is rich in cysteinyl residues and contains no aromatic amino acids. Metallothionein shows high affinity for bivalent heavy metals.Chlorides: Inorganic compounds derived from hydrochloric acid that contain the Cl- ion.Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing): A mixed function oxidase enzyme which during hemoglobin catabolism catalyzes the degradation of heme to ferrous iron, carbon monoxide and biliverdin in the presence of molecular oxygen and reduced NADPH. The enzyme is induced by metals, particularly cobalt. EC 1.14.99.3.Dose-Response Relationship, Drug: The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.Formularies as Topic: Works about lists of drugs or collections of recipes, formulas, and prescriptions for the compounding of medicinal preparations. Formularies differ from PHARMACOPOEIAS in that they are less complete, lacking full descriptions of the drugs, their formulations, analytic composition, chemical properties, etc. In hospitals, formularies list all drugs commonly stocked in the hospital pharmacy.Economics, Pharmaceutical: Economic aspects of the fields of pharmacy and pharmacology as they apply to the development and study of medical economics in rational drug therapy and the impact of pharmaceuticals on the cost of medical care. Pharmaceutical economics also includes the economic considerations of the pharmaceutical care delivery system and in drug prescribing, particularly of cost-benefit values. (From J Res Pharm Econ 1989;1(1); PharmacoEcon 1992;1(1))Drug Industry: That segment of commercial enterprise devoted to the design, development, and manufacture of chemical products for use in the diagnosis and treatment of disease, disability, or other dysfunction, or to improve function.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Trace Elements: A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Metals: Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Enzymes: Biological molecules that possess catalytic activity. They may occur naturally or be synthetically created. Enzymes are usually proteins, however CATALYTIC RNA and CATALYTIC DNA molecules have also been identified.Phosphates: Inorganic salts of phosphoric acid.Substance P: An eleven-amino acid neurotransmitter that appears in both the central and peripheral nervous systems. It is involved in transmission of PAIN, causes rapid contractions of the gastrointestinal smooth muscle, and modulates inflammatory and immune responses.Dictionaries, MedicalDictionaries as Topic: Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.Crystallography, X-Ray: The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Carboxypeptidases: Enzymes that act at a free C-terminus of a polypeptide to liberate a single amino acid residue.Carboxypeptidase H: A ZINC-containing exopeptidase primarily found in SECRETORY VESICLES of endocrine and neuroendocrine cells. It catalyzes the cleavage of C-terminal ARGININE or LYSINE residues from polypeptides and is active in processing precursors of PEPTIDE HORMONES and other bioactive peptides.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Carboxypeptidase B: A ZINC-dependent carboxypeptidase primary found in the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM. The enzyme catalyzes the preferential cleavage of a C-terminal peptidyl-L-lysine or arginine. It was formerly classified as EC 3.4.2.2 and EC 3.4.12.3.Cadmium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain cadmium as an integral part of the molecule.Selenium Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain selenium as an integral part of the molecule.Birth Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual at BIRTH. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Psychomotor Disorders: Abnormalities of motor function that are associated with organic and non-organic cognitive disorders.TennesseeSolar Energy: Energy transmitted from the sun in the form of electromagnetic radiation.Renewable Energy: Forms of energy that are constantly and rapidly renewed by natural processes such as solar, ocean wave, and wind energy. (from McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Silicon: A trace element that constitutes about 27.6% of the earth's crust in the form of SILICON DIOXIDE. It does not occur free in nature. Silicon has the atomic symbol Si, atomic number 14, and atomic weight [28.084; 28.086].Uranium: Uranium. A radioactive element of the actinide series of metals. It has an atomic symbol U, atomic number 92, and atomic weight 238.03. U-235 is used as the fissionable fuel in nuclear weapons and as fuel in nuclear power reactors.ArchivesSoil Pollutants, Radioactive: Pollutants, present in soil, which exhibit radioactivity.Aluminum Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain aluminum as an integral part of the molecule.Aluminum Hydroxide: A compound with many biomedical applications: as a gastric antacid, an antiperspirant, in dentifrices, as an emulsifier, as an adjuvant in bacterins and vaccines, in water purification, etc.Phosphines: Inorganic or organic compounds derived from phosphine (PH3) by the replacement of H atoms. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Astringents: Agents, usually topical, that cause the contraction of tissues for the control of bleeding or secretions.Cerium: An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Ce, atomic number 58, and atomic weight 140.12. Cerium is a malleable metal used in industrial applications.Encyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Aluminum Oxide: An oxide of aluminum, occurring in nature as various minerals such as bauxite, corundum, etc. It is used as an adsorbent, desiccating agent, and catalyst, and in the manufacture of dental cements and refractories.United States Indian Health Service: A division of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that is responsible for the public health and the provision of medical services to NATIVE AMERICANS in the United States, primarily those residing on reservation lands.AlaskaIndians, North American: Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.Inuits: Inuktitut-speakers generally associated with the northern polar region.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.Health Services, Indigenous: Health care provided to specific cultural or tribal peoples which incorporates local customs, beliefs, and taboos.United StatesTriticum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.Mutagenicity Tests: Tests of chemical substances and physical agents for mutagenic potential. They include microbial, insect, mammalian cell, and whole animal tests.Mutagens: Chemical agents that increase the rate of genetic mutation by interfering with the function of nucleic acids. A clastogen is a specific mutagen that causes breaks in chromosomes.Quantitative Trait Loci: Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.

Overexpression of the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1) in human heavy metal-selected tumor cells. (1/347)

Cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the resistance to cytotoxic heavy metals remain largely to be characterized in mammalian cells. To this end, we have analyzed a metal-resistant variant of the human lung cancer GLC4 cell line that we have selected by a step-wise procedure in potassium antimony tartrate. Antimony-selected cells, termed GLC4/Sb30 cells, poorly accumulated antimony through an enhanced cellular efflux of metal, thus suggesting up-regulation of a membrane export system in these cells. Indeed, GLC4/Sb30 cells were found to display a functional overexpression of the multidrug resistance-associated protein MRP1, a drug export pump, as demonstrated by Western blotting, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and calcein accumulation assays. Moreover, MK571, a potent inhibitor of MRP1 activity, was found to markedly down-modulate resistance of GLC4/Sb30 cells to antimony and to decrease cellular export of the metal. Taken together, our data support the conclusion that overexpression of functional MRP1 likely represents one major mechanism by which human cells can escape the cytotoxic effects of heavy metals.  (+info)

N-type voltage-dependent calcium channels mediate the nicotinic enhancement of GABA release in chick brain. (2/347)

The role of voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCCs) in the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR)-mediated enhancement of spontaneous GABAergic inhibitory postsynaptic currents (IPSCs) was investigated in chick brain slices. Whole cell recordings of neurons in the lateral spiriform (SpL) and ventral lateral geniculate (LGNv) nuclei showed that cadmium chloride (CdCl2) blocked the carbachol-induced increase of spontaneous GABAergic IPSCs, indicating that VDCCs might be involved. To conclusively show a role for VDCCs, the presynaptic effect of carbachol on SpL and LGNv neurons was examined in the presence of selective blockers of VDCC subtypes. omega-Conotoxin GVIA, a selective antagonist of N-type channels, significantly reduced the nAChR-mediated enhancement of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) release in the SpL by 78% compared with control responses. Nifedipine, an L-type channel blocker, and omega-Agatoxin-TK, a P/Q-type channel blocker, did not inhibit the enhancement of GABAergic IPSCs. In the LGNv, omega-Conotoxin GVIA also significantly reduced the nAChR-mediated enhancement of GABA release by 71% from control values. Although omega-Agatoxin-TK did not block the nicotinic enhancement, L-type channel blockers showed complex effects on the nAChR-mediated enhancement. These results indicate that the nAChR-mediated enhancement of spontaneous GABAergic IPSCs requires activation of N-type channels in both the SpL and LGNv.  (+info)

Cholinergic modulation of neostriatal output: a functional antagonism between different types of muscarinic receptors. (3/347)

It is demonstrated that acetylcholine released from cholinergic interneurons modulates the excitability of neostriatal projection neurons. Physostigmine and neostigmine increase input resistance (RN) and enhance evoked discharge of spiny projection neurons in a manner similar to muscarine. Muscarinic RN increase occurs in the whole subthreshold voltage range (-100 to -45 mV), remains in the presence of TTX and Cd2+, and can be blocked by the relatively selective M1,4 muscarinic receptor antagonist pirenzepine but not by M2 or M3 selective antagonists. Cs+ occludes muscarinic effects at potentials more negative than -80 mV. A Na+ reduction in the bath occludes muscarinic effects at potentials more positive than -70 mV. Thus, muscarinic effects involve different ionic conductances: inward rectifying and cationic. The relatively selective M2 receptor antagonist AF-DX 116 does not block muscarinic effects on the projection neuron but, surprisingly, has the ability to mimic agonistic actions increasing RN and firing. Both effects are blocked by pirenzepine. HPLC measurements of acetylcholine demonstrate that AF-DX 116 but not pirenzepine greatly increases endogenous acetylcholine release in brain slices. Therefore, the effects of the M2 antagonist on the projection neurons were attributable to autoreceptor block on cholinergic interneurons. These experiments show distinct opposite functions of muscarinic M1- and M2-type receptors in neostriatal output, i.e., the firing of projection neurons. The results suggest that the use of more selective antimuscarinics may be more profitable for the treatment of motor deficits.  (+info)

Extracellular heavy-metal ions stimulate Ca2+ mobilization in hepatocytes. (4/347)

Populations of hepatocytes in primary culture were loaded with fura 2 and the effects of extracellular heavy-metal ions were examined under conditions that allowed changes in fura 2 fluorescence (R340/360, the ratio of fluorescence recorded at 340 and 360 nm) to be directly attributed to changes in cytosolic free [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]i). In Ca2+-free media, Ni2+ [EC50 (concentration causing 50% stimulation) approximately 24+/-9 microM] caused reversible increases in [Ca2+]i that resulted from mobilization of the same intracellular Ca2+ stores as were released by [Arg8]vasopressin. The effects of Ni2+ were not mimicked by increasing the extracellular [Mg2+], by addition of MnCl2, CoCl2 or CdCl2 or by decreasing the extracellular pH from 7.3 to 6.0; nor were they observed in cultures of smooth muscle, endothelial cells or pituitary cells. CuCl2 (80 microM), ZnCl2 (80 microM) and LaCl3 (5 mM) mimicked the ability of Ni2+ to evoke Ca2+ mobilization. The response to La3+ was sustained even in the absence of extracellular Ca2+, probably because La3+ also inhibited Ca2+ extrusion. Although Ni2+ entered hepatocytes, from the extent to which it quenched fura 2 fluorescence the free cytosolic [Ni2+] ([Ni2+]i) was estimated to be <5 nM at the peak of the maximal Ni2+-evoked Ca2+ signals and there was no correlation between [Ni2+]i and the amplitude of the evoked increases in [Ca2+]i. We conclude that extracellular Ni2+, Zn2+, Cu2+ and La3+, but not all heavy-metal ions, evoke an increase in [Ca2+]i in hepatocytes by stimulating release of the hormone-sensitive intracellular Ca2+ stores and that they may do so by interacting with a specific cell-surface ion receptor. This putative ion receptor may be important in allowing hepatocytes to contribute to regulation of plasma heavy-metal ions and may mediate responses to Zn2+ released into the portal circulation with insulin.  (+info)

Receptor potentials and electrical properties of nonspiking stretch-receptive neurons in the sand crab Emerita analoga (Anomura, Hippidae). (5/347)

Receptor potentials and electrical properties of nonspiking stretch-receptive neurons in the sand crab Emerita analoga (Anomura, Hippidae). Four nonspiking, monopolar neurons with central somata and large peripheral dendrites constitute the sole innervation of the telson-uropod elastic strand stretch receptor in Emerita analoga. We characterized their responses to stretch and current injection, using two-electrode current clamp, in intact cells and in two types of isolated peripheral dendritic segments, one that included and one that excluded the dendritic termini (mechanosensory membrane). The membrane potentials of intact cells at rest (mean +/- SD: -57 +/- 4. 4 mV, n = 30), recorded in peripheral or neuropil processes, are similar to the membrane potentials of isolated dendritic segments and always less negative than membrane potentials of motoneurons and interneurons recorded in the same preparations. Ion substitution experiments indicate that the membrane potential is influenced strongly by Na+ conductance, probably localized in the mechanotransducing terminals within the elastic strand. The form of the receptor potential in response to ramp-hold-release stretch remains the same as stretch amplitude is varied and is not dependent on initial membrane potential (-70 to -30 mV) or recording site: initial depolarization (slope follows ramp of applied stretch), terminated by rapid, partial repolarization to a plateau (delayed depolarization) that is intermediate between the peak depolarization and the initial potential and sustained for the duration of the stretch. Responses to depolarizing current pulses are similar to stretch-evoked receptor potentials, except for small amplitude stimuli: an initial peak occurs only in response to stretch and probably reflects elastic recoil of the extracellular matrix surrounding the dendritic terminals. The rapid, partial repolarization depends on holding potential and is abolished by 4-aminopyridine (4-AP; 10 mM), implicating a fast-activating, fast-inactivating K+ conductance; TEA (60 mM) abolishes the remaining slow repolarization to the plateau. In intact cells, but not dendritic segments, regenerative depolarizations can arise in response to stretch or depolarizing current pulses; they are reduced by CdCl2 (10 microM) in the saline containing TEA and 4-AP and probably reflect current spread from Ca2+ influx at presynaptic terminals in the ganglion. We found no evidence for other voltage-activated conductances. Unlike morphologically similar "nonspiking" thoracic receptors of other species, E. analoga's nonspiking neurons are electrically compact and do not boost the analogue afferent signal by voltage-activated inward currents. The most prominent (only?) voltage-activated extra-ganglionic conductances are for potassium; by reducing the slope of the stretch-plateau depolarization curve, they extend each neuron's functional range to the full range of sensitivity of the receptor.  (+info)

Urea-associated oxidative stress and Gadd153/CHOP induction. (6/347)

Urea treatment (100-300 mM) increased expression of the oxidative stress-responsive transcription factor, Gadd153/CHOP, at the mRNA and protein levels (at >/=4 h) in renal medullary mIMCD3 cells in culture, whereas other solutes did not. Expression of the related protein, CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP-beta), was not affected, nor was expression of the sensor of endoplasmic reticulum stress, grp78. Urea modestly increased Gadd153 transcription by reporter gene analysis but failed to influence Gadd153 mRNA stability. Importantly, upregulation of Gadd153 mRNA and protein expression by urea was antioxidant sensitive. Accordingly, urea treatment was associated with oxidative stress, as quantitated by intracellular reduced glutathione content in mIMCD3 cells. In addition, antioxidant treatment partially inhibited the ability of urea to activate transcription of an Egr-1 luciferase reporter gene. Therefore oxidative stress represents a novel solute-signaling pathway in the kidney medulla and, potentially, in other tissues.  (+info)

Effect of melatonin on cadmium-induced hepatotoxicity in male Sprague-Dawley rats. (7/347)

Effect of melatonin on toxicity of cadmium (Cd) was studied in male SD rats co-administered daily Cd (1 mg/kg b.w., s.c.) with melatonin (10 mg/kg b.w., i.p.) for 15 days. Cd alone injection decreased GSH concentrations in the liver and RBC by 35% and 43% compared with those in saline-treatment group, but not in the kidney and whole brain. The activity of GSSG-reductase was significantly decreased in the liver of Cd alone injected rats, while melatonin given in combination with Cd failed to prevent the Cd-induced decreased activity of hepatic GSSG-reductase. However, the hepatic GSH concentration decreased by Cd alone was restored by melatonin treatment, and the melatonin also ameliorated Cd-induced histopathological changes in the liver. Therefore, data indicate that melatonin restores the reduction of hepatic GSH level induced with Cd regardless of GSSG-reductase activity, and suggests that melatonin may ameliorate Cd-induced hepatotoxicity.  (+info)

The electrical properties of auditory hair cells in the frog amphibian papilla. (8/347)

The amphibian papilla (AP) is the principal auditory organ of the frog. Anatomical and neurophysiological evidence suggests that this hearing organ utilizes both mechanical and electrical (hair cell-based) frequency tuning mechanisms, yet relatively little is known about the electrophysiology of AP hair cells. Using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, we have investigated the electrical properties and ionic currents of isolated hair cells along the rostrocaudal axis of the AP. Electrical resonances were observed in the voltage response of hair cells harvested from the rostral and medial, but not caudal, regions of the AP. Two ionic currents, ICa and IK(Ca), were observed in every hair cell; however, their amplitudes varied substantially along the epithelium. Only rostral hair cells exhibited an inactivating potassium current (IA), whereas an inwardly rectifying potassium current (IK1) was identified only in caudal AP hair cells. Electrically tuned hair cells exhibited resonant frequencies from 50 to 375 Hz, which correlated well with hair cell position and the tonotopic organization of the papilla. Variations in the kinetics of the outward current contribute substantially to the determination of resonant frequency. ICa and IK(Ca) amplitudes increased with resonant frequency, reducing the membrane time constant with increasing resonant frequency. We conclude that a tonotopically organized hair cell substrate exists to support electrical tuning in the rostromedial region of the frog amphibian papilla and that the cellular mechanisms for frequency determination are very similar to those reported for another electrically tuned auditory organ, the turtle basilar papilla.  (+info)

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Looking for online definition of Cadmium chloride in the Medical Dictionary? Cadmium chloride explanation free. What is Cadmium chloride? Meaning of Cadmium chloride medical term. What does Cadmium chloride mean?
Page contains details about cadmium chloride nanocrystals . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, synthesis, applications and reference articles : nano.nature.com
Sigma-Aldrich offers Aldrich-202908, Cadmium chloride for your research needs. Find product specific information including CAS, MSDS, protocols and references.
The action of the chemical compound - CdC12 on soft wheat varieties resulted in plant modifications on a number of qualitative and quantitative traits. Genetic analysis conducted on the basis of reciprocal crosses showed that the inheritance of altered traits in mutants is independent of the direction of crossing. Modification of habitus and phenotypes of mutant plants is accompanied by a violation of cell division in meiosis ...
In studies with mouse and rat, effects on development were observed after oral and inhalatory exposure to cadmium compounds. Neurobehavioural changes were reported in the absence of maternal toxicity but the robustness of these observations was not sufficient to derive an appropriate NOAEL. It is suggested that further studies are needed to better document the possible effects of cadmium on the developing brain (ECB, 2007). No clear evidence indicates that cadmium has adverse effects on the development of offprings from women exposed indirectly via the environment or occupationally. Effects on birth weight, motor and perceptual abilities of offsprings have been reported by some authors. However, these studies suffer from drawbacks either in the definition of the study postulation, the definition of the effects, or in the assessment of exposure. Moreover, it is not clear whether the effects on psychomotor development were related to cadmium or to a simultaneous exposure to other substances such ...
The CSV is a delimited data format that has fields/columns separated by the semicolon character and records/rows separated by newlines. Fields that may contain a special character (semicolon, newline, or double quote), are enclosed in double quotes. For an easier handling, the list of Pre-registered substances is available in four parts ordered by EC number. They contain the same information as the following full list.. ...
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice ...
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice ...
Abstract: Cadmium selenide (CdSe) have been prepared by the reduction of mixed solution of cadmium chloride (CdCl2), sodium selenosulfate (Na2SeSO3) and diethanolamine ((CH2CH2OH)2NH) at temperatures of 80-200°C under Ar atmosphere. Characteristics of CdSe nanoparticles were analyzed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and x-ray diffraction (XRD) and UV-Vis absorption spectra. CdSe samples prepared at relatively low temperature of below 100°C showed cubic structure while samples synthesized at temperature above 100°C showed hexagonal phase. The increased reaction temperature caused the particle size increase as well as the agglomeration of particles to form a hollow sphere. UV-Vis absorption spectra also showed a red-shift as increasing reaction temperatures due to the gradual growth of CdSe nanoparticles in the solution. The relatively sharp absorption band from samples synthesized at 80 and 100°C can be attributed to homogeneous particle ...
Cadmium, Inhibin, Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate, Costs, Emotional Stress, Families, Health, Lip, Palate, Patients, Public Health, Risk, Affect, Annexin V, Anti-mullerian Hormone, Blood, Blood-testis Barrier, Cadmium Chloride, Cells
We recorded from pairs of cultured, synaptically connected thalamic neurons. Evoked excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) reversed at +17 mV and were blocked reversibly by 1 mM kynurenic acid, a glutamate receptor antagonist. NMDA and non-NMDA receptors mediated excitatory post-synaptic responses, as shown by selective block of EPSC components with 50 microM (+/-)-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid and 10 microM 6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione, respectively. Inhibitory postsynaptic responses were evoked less frequently and were blocked by the GABAA receptor antagonist (-)-bicuculline methochloride. The pharmacological profiles of whole-cell calcium currents and evoked EPSCs were compared. With 50 microM cadmium chloride (Cd), whole-cell low voltage-activated (LVA) calcium currents were reduced in amplitude and high voltage- activated (HVA) calcium currents and excitatory synaptic transmission were completely blocked. This suggests that the residual calcium influx through LVA channels into the ...
Title fatal reinstall of FM10 on osx10.5.8 Your post i found deinstalling FM10, then reinstalling same copy from same installer cd on osx10.5.8 (on
When you express interest in a specific study, the information from your profile will be sent to the doctor conducting that study. If youre eligible to participate, you may be contacted by a nurse or study coordinator. If you select a health category rather than a specific study, doctors who have active studies in that area may contact you to ask if you would like to participate. In both cases, you will be contacted by the preferred method (email or phone) that you specified in your profile. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Adverse effects of cadmium exposure on mouse sperm. AU - Oliveira, Helena. AU - Spanò, Marcello. AU - Santos, Conceição. AU - Pereira, Maria de Lourdes. PY - 2009/12. Y1 - 2009/12. N2 - The effects of cadmium chloride exposure on sperm functional parameters were evaluated on eight-week-old ICR-CD1 male mice administered with a single s.c. injection of 1, 2 and 3 mg CdCl2/kg bw. Groups of animals treated with each dose, as well as their respective controls, were sacrificed after 24 h to detect short-term (acute) effects and after 35 days. Sperm cells were collected from the epididymis and several parameters of sperm quality and function were evaluated, namely density, morphology, motility, viability, mitochondrial function, acrosome integrity, together with DNA fragmentation assessed by the TUNEL assay. The short-term effects of cadmium chloride resulted in an increased fraction of sperm with abnormal morphology, premature acrosome reaction and reduced motility. Late term ...
Cadmium at environmental concentrations is a risk factor for many diseases, including cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, in which macrophages play an important role. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of cadmium at low environmental (nanomolar) concentrations on apoptotic processes in THP-1(acute monocytic leukemia cells line)-derived macrophages, with special focus on mitochondrial events involved. Macrophages were incubated with various cadmium chloride (CdCl2) solutions for 48 h at final concentrations of 5 nM, 20 nM, 200 nM and 2 µM CdCl2. Cell viability was measured using flow cytometry. Flow cytometric measurement (annexin V/FITC (annexin V/fluorescein isothiocyanate) and PI (propidium iodide) double staining) was used to quantify the extent of apoptosis. Fluorescence and confocal microscopy were used for imaging of apoptosis process. Changes in mitochondrial membrane potential were monitored using cytofluorimetry after cell staining with JC-1(5,5′,6,6′
Cadmium is an element that occurs naturally in the earths crust.� Pure cadmium is a soft, silver-white metal.� Cadmium is not usually present in the environment as a pure metal, but as a mineral combined with other elements such as oxygen (cadmium oxide), chlorine (cadmium chloride), or sulfur (cadmium sulfate, cadmium sulfide).� Cadmium is most often present in nature as complex oxides, sulfides, and carbonates in zinc, lead, and copper ores. It is rarely present in large quantities as the chlorides and sulfates.� These different forms of cadmium compounds are solids that dissolve in water to varying degrees.� The chlorides and sulfates are the forms that most easily dissolve in water.� Cadmium may change forms, but the cadmium metal itself does not disappear from the environment.� Knowing the particular form of cadmium, however, is very important when determining the risk of potential adverse health effects.
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remain the leading cause of death worldwide, including Qatar. Hypertension is one of the most common CVDs that contribute to this mortality. Cadmium is a well-known pollutant that has been suggested to be a risk factor for hypertension. However, the underlying mechanisms are still lacking. Very little is known about the effect of cadmium on the expression of vascular alpha- 1 adrenoceptors in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). This study was therefore undertaken to determine the effect of cadmium on the expression of vascular alpha-1 adrenergic receptors in vitro. Along with that, there are several phenotypic changes could modulate the VSMCs function and contribute to CVDs including hypertension. These changes include hypertrophy, migration and senescence. The second objective of this study was to determine the effect of cadmium on VSMCs phenotype. Human aortic smooth muscle cells (HASMCs) were incubated with different concentrations of cadmium chloride for varying
Cadmium (Cd) is frequently used in various industrial applications and is a ubiquitous environmental toxicant, also present in tobacco smoke. An important route of exposure is the circulatory system whereas blood vessels are considered to be main stream organs of Cd toxicity. Our previous results indicate that cadmium chloride (CdCl2) affects mean arterial blood pressure in hypertensive rats. We hypothesized that Cd alters the intracellular calcium transient mechanism, by cadmium-induced stimulation of MAPKs (ERK 1 & 2) which is mediated partially through calcium-dependent PKC mechanism. To investigate this hypothesis, we exposed primary cultures of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from wistar kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) to increased concentrations of CdCl2 on cell viability, expression of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs/ERK 1 & 2), and protein kinase C (PKC) which are activated by Cd in several cell types. The results from these studies indicate that CdCl2
The accumulation of cadmium in plants cause a variety of physiological, biochemical and structural changes, while selenium that is often used in the process of biofortification of plants can significantly change the plants response to cadmium treatment. The main aim of this study was to determine the effect of cadmium on antioxidant enzyme gene expression in the roots and shoots of two varieties of wheat (Divana and Srpanjka) seedlings enriched with selenium. Enzymes that were observed in this study were glutathione S-transferase, Cu, Zn-Superoxid-Dismutase and catalase The effect of cadmium on antioxidant enzyme gene expression depended on the type of cultivar and the type of plant organ (root or shoot). Cadmium treatment affected the expression of glutathione S-transferase the most.The effect of cadmium on decrease in antioxidant enzyme gene expression was much more visible in the roots than in the shoots. Variety Divana was shown to be more sensitive to cadmium treatment than variety Srpanjka ...
0.005 M Cobalt(II) chloride hexahydrate, 0.005 M Nickel(II) chloride hexahydrate, 0.005 M Cadmium chloride hydrate, 0.005 M Magnesium chloride hexahydrate, 0.1 M HEPES pH 7.5, 12% w/v Polyethylene glycol ...
1. The capacity of various primary (unmixed) fixatives to split lipids from lipo-protein complexes was investigated.. 2. The lipoproteins that formed the test-objects of the research were those contained in (a) the acroblast of the cricket (Acheta domesticus), and (b) the endoplasmic reticulum (ergastoplasm) of the acinar cell of the pancreas of the laboratory mouse. The two test-objects gave essentially the same results.. 3. Of the 16 compounds tried, cadmium chloride is the most powerful unmasker of lipids. Mercuric chloride is also a powerful unmasker, and gives much better fixation. Chloroplatinic acid and formaldehyde are moderately powerful unmaskers.. ...
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Cadmium Sulphide (CdS) nanoparticles were prepared using microemulsion method using cadmium chloride as cadmium source and sodium sulphide as sulphur source. The obtained nanoparticles structures were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) whereas optical characterization was done by Ultra Violet-Visible absorption. XRD result shows that CdS nanoparticles of hexagonal phase are formed. The TEM result indicates that the synthesized CdS nanoparticles are of variable morphology like spherical, cylindrical, nanorods and nanoneedles. Histograms help to evaluate size and aspect ratio of nanoparticles. UV-Visible spectroscopy reveals that as prepared CdS nanoparticles show a quantum confinement effect with shift in band gap. It is also found that water to surfactant molar ratio (wo) and co-surfactant are vital factors in the morphology and optical properties of CdS nanoparticles.
a as sulfates and chlorides. hydrophilic group. Patented Sept. 30, 1952 I UNITED STATES i 50F STABILIZED "DIAZONlUM SALTS PROCESS "OF EFFEC EING SAME William von =Glal1n, Loudonv ille and Herman A. Bergstrom, Albany, N.Y.; assignors to General Aniline & Film corporation, "New York, N. Y., a corporation of Delaware 3 NorDraswing. iApplicationfDecember29, 1948, serial No. 68,073 8 Claims. (019260 142) 1 "This invention relates to the preparation of stable diazonium compounds and refers particuv.la rly to the production of nondusting diazonium salts orFast Color --Sa1ts of abnormal grain or Yr-particle size which can be used effectively as dye-intermediate. t v W In lthe preparation of diazonium -salts, the .diazo compound, asv producedby diazotization of a primary amine, is generally stabilized by form- .ing (1) a complex double salt of the diazonium chloride with an inorganic. salt, such as zinc ch10- ride, tin chloride, cadmium chloride, manganese hloride -or sodium ...
Prevention is the key to managing cadmium exposure. No effective treatment for cadmium toxicity exists. For the general public, the primary source of exposure to cadmium is dietary. Smoking tobacco adds an additional burden of cadmium. Nutritional deficiencies can increase the risk of cadmium toxicity. Chronic cadmium exposure primarily affects the kidneys and secondarily the bones. Acute inhalation of fumes containing cadmium affects the lungs.
Characterization of Chl a Fluorescence of Hydrophytes under Cadmium Stress - Chl a fluorescence;Hydrophytes;Cadmium stress;Fv/Fm;Lemna plants;
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Our results suggest that functional actin is needed during SC differentiation not only for changes in cell shape but also for abundant expression of myelin-specific mRNAs. The initial step in morphological differentiation, elongation, was inhibited only when higher CD concentrations (0.75-1.0 μg/ml) known to remove stress fibers in other cell types were used (Yahara et al., 1982). At lower CD concentrations (0.25 μg/ml), SC elongation and segregation of axons away from each other occurred, but ensheathment of axons in a 1:1 relationship and spiralization did not occur. Phalloidin staining of CD-treated cultures revealed that actin became increasingly disrupted and aggregated as CD concentration increased. At the time experiments began, all cultures had equal SC densities and SCs displayed a rounded morphology characteristic of their behavior in ascorbate-free medium, which allows SC proliferation but not differentiation (Eldridge et al., 1987; Fernandez-Valle et al., 1993). Therefore, any ...
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Hello everyone, I have an possiblty to host/mirror the NetBSD Restore CD on my Server ( http://www.batland.de ). I am using the Qube for several years now and Ive benefited from the work so much, therefore I would be glad to help. Do you wish me to do that? If so you tell me which isos to host (where can I find the newest current and where is the latest stable build?). Bye, Dennis ...
Cadmium borotungstate/ACM1306269 can be provided in Alfa Chemistry. We are dedicated to provide our customers the best products and services.
An introduction to cadmium plating, its uses, suitability and versatility for various processes and the environmental information you need to know.
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For around the last 9 months of my life, Ive struggled with depression. It was due to a lot of factors, wasnt fun at all. But luckily Im now out of it ...
The effects of cadmium (from 7.5 to 75 lM) on chloroplasts of rice were studied at the structural and biochemical level. Loss of pigments, reduction of thylakoids and decrease in oxygen evolution and Fv/Fm ratio occur in leaves following cadmium treatment. However, the amount of photosystem II reaction center proteins and that of its light harvesting complex is not affected, indicating that cadmium does not adversely influence the structural organization of this photosystem. In thylakoids isolated from cadmium-treated plants a loss in the capability to reduce 2,6- hlorophenolindophenol is observed, which is partially restored if diphenylcarbazide is used as an electron donor, indicating that cadmium affects water splitting activity. In thylakoids isolated from control plants and treated with cadmium, diphenylcarbazide preserves most of the photosystem II activity lost after incubation with cadmium; most of the S2 multiline electron paramagnetic resonance signal from the manganese cluster is ...
Previous U.S. population modeling studies have reported that urinary cadmium (Cd) excretion patterns differ with age, sex, and dietary exposure; associations between Cd exposures and health outcomes also have differed by age and sex. Therefore, it is important to test models used to estimate Cd exposures across an expanded Cd-exposure range.,We estimated relative Cd exposures from both diet and smoking in low- and high-exposure scenarios to provide data for improving risk assessment calculations.,We used a Cd toxicokinetic-based model to estimate Cd exposures based on urinary Cd levels measured for 399 persons in a low-exposure area (Bangkok) and 6,747 persons in a high-exposure area (Mae Sot) in Thailand.,In Bangkok, we estimated dietary Cd exposures of 50-56 µg/day for males and 21-27 µg/day for females 20-59 years of age who never smoked. In Mae Sot, we estimated dietary Cd exposures of 188-224 µg/day for males and 99-113 µg/day for females 20-59 years of age who never smoked. In Bangkok, ...
Cadmium poisoning through industrial exposure to inorganic cadmium fumes may produce fatigue, coughing, chest pain, a burning sensation in the throat, and renal damage. The prognosis of persons with cadmium-induced renal dysfunction is unfavorable, with urinary β-microglobulin and urinary protein the most important factors.2 Inhalation of cadmium fumes can lead to pneumonia with acute exposure and emphysema with chronic exposure.3. Cadmium poisoning is predominantly associated with cadmium fumes and/or inorganic cadmium salts that may be present in certain industrial environments. Cadmium and its inorganic compounds are commonly found in industry. Cadmium is utilized in many alloys and metal plating. Inorganic cadmium fumes or dusts are generally associated with heating, welding, and grinding of cadmium-containing metal products. Cadmium exposure in the general populace is derived from dietary intake, averaging 2−200 μg/day, and is only occasionally the precipitant of overexposure. In ...
Biochemical analyses can point to toxicant presence before its effects can be detected at higher organizational levels. We investigated responses of larval mass and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) to different cadmium treatments in 4th instar gypsy moth larvae from 20 full-sib families. Changes in trait values and trait plasticities as well as their variation were monitored after acute and chronic exposure or recovery from two cadmium concentrations (Cd(1) = 10 mu g and Cd(2) = 30 mu g Cd/g dry food). Larval mass only decreased, without returning to the control level at recovery stage following chronic cadmium challenge. Acute stress did not change trait value but increased genetic variance of larval mass. Significant ALP activity changes, sensitivity of isozyme patterns (Mr of 60, 64, and 85 kDa) and increased variation in ALP plasticity during acute exposure to cadmium point to its possible aplication as an exposure biomarker. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved ...
Whole books and maybe encyclopedias could be written on pigments having the word cadmium in their common name. I dont recommend any cadmium paint because of the potential health hazard. Yes, I know: manufacturers say they are making safe cadmiums…but, in my opinion, who really knows. Therefore I dont press my luck. But, as so many of you use these pigments you should be aware of their virtues and their drawbacks. If you are not using a single pigment PY35 cadmium yellow, be aware of the additional pigment(s). If the additional pigment is an orange pigment the bias of that particular cadmium yellow will be orange. As in the case of a cadmium yellow hue, if the pigments have nothing to do with cadmium pigments, check on the bias of the pigments used to manipulate to achieve a cadmium yellow hue. If cadmium yellow has the word "deep" in its name, again, be assured that the bias will be orange. All yellow cadmiums made of PY37 are orange biased. Are you confused yet? I know I am. Why should any ...
Blood and urinary cadmium concentrations together with cadmium in air concentrations from the breathing zone of 18 male workers in an alkaline battery factory were determined at regular intervals for 11 consecutive weeks. Nine of the workers examined were smokers and nine non-smokers. Smokers and non-smokers did not differ in age or years of employment. Cadmium in air concentrations varied, but no definite trend was observed. The concentrations of cadmium in the blood and urine were found to be stable. Exposure to airborne cadmium was identical for smokers and non-smokers but average cadmium concentrations in the blood and urine of smokers were approximately twice as high as those in non-smokers. For the whole group, urinary cadmium was significantly correlated with years of employment, but no correlation was found between blood cadmium concentrations and exposure. For non-smokers, the correlation between cadmium in blood and years of employment was statistically significant (p less than 0.001). ...
Cadmium is a kind of metal, which is naturally found as a compound with other elements. There are many uses of cadmium, such as batteries, cigarette smoke, pigments, metal coatings, plastics, and appears a lot in industrial waste. The consequences of u...
description.provenance : Made available in DSpace on 2013-01-15T18:23:48Z (GMT). No. of bitstreams: 1 Tzu-YangHsien1993.pdf: 4182742 bytes, checksum: a82a1537f1c1019bbbcba2bcf18329f5 (MD5) Previous issue date: 1992-07- ...
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The effects of cadmium on performance, antioxidant defense system, liver and kidney functions, and cadmium accumulation in selected tissues of broiler chickens were studied. Whether the possible adverse effects of cadmium would reverse with the antio
Presence of cadmium in drinking water is hazardous to human health. Renal, cardiovascular, respiratory and skeletal effects have been found to be induced by cadmium exposure. Cadmium can induce renal tubular dysfunction leading to renal lesion and irreversible impairment of reabsorption capacity of renal tubules. Combine concentration of metallothionein, a cadmium binding protein, and cadmium…
Concentration of aquatic environment with heavy metals has become a matter of great concern because of their toxicity, persistence and bioaccumulation. Cadmium is widely distributed in aquatic environments
TABLE-US-00001 TABLE 1 m/z No Structure 1H NMR (400 MHz) [MH].sup.+ 1 ##STR00090## (CDCl3) δ 11.75 (s, 1H), 8.38 (m,1H), 8.18 (d, 1H), 7.92 (m, 1H),7.41-7.42 (m, 1H), 7.30 (t, 1H), 7.23(d, 1H), 7.10-7.20 (m, 3H), 5.61-5.73(m, 2H, Jtrans = 16.0 Hz), 4.51 (s, 2H),4.11 (t, 2H), 4.08 (d, 2H), 2.48 (q,2H). 360 2 ##STR00091## (CDCl3) δ 11.81 (s, 1H), 8.15 (m,1H), 8.14 (d, 1H), 7.60 (m, 1H),7.36-7.37 (m, 2H), 7.31 (t, 1H), 7.23(m, 1H), 7.17 (d, 1H), 7.14-7.16 (m,1H), 7.10 (d, 1H, CH), 6.02 (dt, 1H,CH═, Jtrans = 16.0 Hz, J = 5.0 Hz),5.78 (dt, 1H, CH═, Jtrans = 16.0 Hz,J = 5.0 Hz), 4.61 (d, 2H), 4.47 (s,2H), 4.05 (d, 2H). 346 3 ##STR00092## (CDCl3) δ 11.82 (s, 1H), 8.13 (d,1H), 8.08 (s, 1H), 7.94-7.99 (m, 1H),7.50 (d, 1H), 7.36 (t, 1H), 7.30-7.35(m, 2H), 7.22-7.24 (m, 1H), 7.16 (d,1H), 7.12 (d, 1H), 5.78-5.84 (m, 1H,CH═, Jcis = 11.0 Hz), 5.66-5.72 (m,1H, CH═, Jcis = 11.0 Hz), 4.89 (d,2H), 4.45 (s, 2H), 4.15 (d, 2H). 346 4 ##STR00093## (CDCl3) δ 8.54-8.56 (m, 1H), 8.38 (d,1H), 8.32 (d, 1H), ...
Recovery of lead and cadmium ions from metal-loaded biomass of wild cocoyam (Caladium bicolor) using acidic, basic and neutral eluent solutions ...
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82 1,2,4 triazolium N imide 5. 3a d For analytical purity, each residue was rec rystallized from MeOH. (1 Benzyl 1H 1,2,4 triazol 4 ium 4 yl)(tosyl)amide ( 5 .3a ) White crystals (85%), mp 170.0 C (lit. 155 mp 171.0 173.0 C); 1 H NMR (DMSO d 6 ): 9.9 0 (s, 1H), 8.73 (s, 1H), 7.45 7.35 (m, 5H), 7.29 7.19 (m, 4H), 5.47 (s, 2H), 2.33 (s, 3H); 13 C NMR (DMSO d 6 ): 173.7, 145.6, 142.0, 140.5, 133.8, 129.1, 128.8, 128.6, 128.1, 126.3, 54.5, 20.8. (1 Methyl 1H 1,2,4 triazol 4 ium 4 yl)(tosyl)amide ( 5 .3b ). White crystals (83%), mp 203.0 C; 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 ): 9.72 (s, 1H), 8.64 (s, 1H), 7.45 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.24 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 3.93 (s, 3H), 2.33 (s, 3H) ; 13 C NMR (CDCl 3 ): 144.9, 142.1, 140.4, 140.1, 129.0, 126.3, 38.5, 20.8; Anal. Calcd. For C 1 0 H 12 N 4 O 2 S: C, 47.61; H, 4.79; N, 22.21. Found: C, 47.82; H, 4.83; N, 22.27. (1 Butyl 1H 1,2,4 triazol 4 ium 4 yl)(tosyl)amide ( 5 .3c ) White crystals (88%), mp 178.0 180.0 C; 1 H NMR (CDCl 3 ): 10.00 (s, 1H), 7.85 (s, 1H), 7.63 (d, J = ...
Cadmium poisoning is a very serious health issue that often goes undiagnosed; its somewhat generic symptoms include things like chronic anxiety, stomach pains, kidney damage and even death. But a cohort of scientific literature reveals that regular supplementation with high-dose vitamin C combined with a healthy diet may help block the absorption of cadmium, and potentially even accelerate its natural detoxification from the body. ...
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We have your Olive Drab Cadmium Plating. ICC is your AS9100C value-added distributor for Olive Drab Cadmium Plating, military and commercial electronic connectors, backshells, and connector accessories.
A rapid and sensitive one-vial procedure to determine metallothionein (MT) containing zinc (Zn) and cadmium (Cd) is described. New features of this Cd-saturation method are: high molecular weight...
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Not only by eating foods but also breathing air contaminated with cadmium affects human health. How bad it could be depends on the exposure.
An excellent specimen of the rare variety Cadimium rich Willemite, from the Tsumeb Mine, Namibia. The specimen displays two areas of rare elongated parallel yellow habit prismatic crystals of Cadmium Willemite measuring to 2.7cm.
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Here you can find all of the regulations and regulatory lists in which this substance appears, according to the data available to ECHA. This substance has been found in the following regulatory activities (directly, or inheriting the regulatory context of a parent substance):. ...
Adams SV, Passarelli MN, Newcomb PA. 2012. Cadmium exposure and cancer mortality in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey cohort. Occup Environ Med 69(2):153-156.. Akerstrom M, Barregard L, Lundh T, Sallsten G. 2013. The relationship between cadmium in kidney and cadmium in urine and blood in an environmentally exposed population. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 268:286-293.. Arnich N, Sirot V, Rivière G, Jean J, Noël L, Guérin T, et al. 2012. Dietary exposure to trace elements and health risk assessment in the 2nd French Total Diet Study. Food Chem Toxicol 50:2432-2449.. Buser MC, Ingber SZ, Raines N, Fowler DA, Scinicariello F. 2016. Urinary and blood cadmium and lead and kidney function: NHANES 2007-2012. Int J Hyg Environ Health 219(3):261-267.. Ciesielski T, Bellinger DC, Schwartz J, Hauser R, Wright RO. 2013. Associations between cadmium exposure and neurocognitive test scores in a cross-sectional study of US adults. Environ Health 12:13, doi: ...
Cadmium is a transition metal that has been widely used in industry. Epidemiological and animal studies have demonstrated a carcinogenic effect of cadmium on the prostate. Although it has been established that androgen is required for this cancer-inducing process, it is not clear how cadmium interacts with androgen. In this study, the carcinogenic mechanism of cadmium was explored with a focus on
In the title complex, [CdCl2(C3H4N2S)4],the CdII atom has an (2006 ?); Davarski (1996 ?); Mac pc?ek & Davarski (1993 ?); Maniukiewicz (2004 ?); Raper (1981 ?); Suh (2005 ?, 2007 ?, 2009 ?). ??3 Data collection: (Bruker, 2001 ?); cell refinement: (Bruker, 2001 ?); data reduction: (Sheldrick, 2008 ?); system(s) used to refine structure: (Sheldrick, 2008 ?); molecular graphics: (Sheldrick, 2008 ?); software Elastase Inhibitor, SPCK supplier used to prepare Elastase Inhibitor, SPCK supplier material for publication: positions. The amino organizations participate in intra- and inter-molecular NHN and NHCl hydrogen bonds (Table 1). In the crystal structure molecules Elastase Inhibitor, SPCK supplier are interconnected by these relationships into a three-dimensional hydrogen relationship network (Fig. 2). Experimental A waterCethanol (1:1) remedy (40 ml) of 2-aminothiazole (5 mmol) was added dropwise to a waterCethanol (1:1) remedy (40 ml) of CdCl2.2.5H2O (2 mmol) with stirring. The small amount of ...
This 24-hour urine test is used to monitor exposure to cadmium. Cadmium is an extremely toxic metal frequently found in industrial places of work. Cigarettes are also a significant source of cadmium exposure. Cadmium may be found in batteries, fertilizers, pesticides, PVC plastics and certain shellfish. Those who work with cadmium pigments are also at risk for cadmium exposure. Cadmium toxicity affects the liver, placenta, lungs, brain, kidneys and bones, which may lead to problems such as fatigue, confusion, depression and cardiac arrhythmias. ...
By reacting cadmium salts with H2SO4 in the presence of organic amines or directly with amine sulfates under hydrothermal conditions, it has been possible to prepare three linear cadmium sulfates of linarite topology, with the compositions [H3N(CH2)(2)NH3](2)[CdCl2(SO4)][SO4].H2O, I, [HN(CH2)(6)NH][CdBr2(SO4)], II, [HN(CH2)(6)NH][CdCl2-(SO4)], III. A layered cadmium sulfate of composition [H3N(CH2)(3)NH3][Cd-2(H2O)(2)(SO4)(3)], IV, has also been obtained. These sulfates are the first examples of a family of organically templated metal sulfates with interesting structural features. In the linarite chains, the CdX4O2 (X = Cl, Br) octahedron shares two trans-edges to form an [Mphi(4)] (phi = anionic ligand) chain decorated by the SO4 tetrahedron that adopts a staggered arrangement on either side of the chain. IV is constructed by the fusion of four-membered ring ladders involving edge sharing between the sulfate tetrahedron and metal octahedron. IV appears to be the first member of a family of ...
... _cadmium separation from zinc sulphide - cadmium separation from zinc sulphide Strongly recommend cadmium separation from zinc sulphide - cadmium separation from zinc sulphide Strongly recommend
Cadmium (Cd) Physical character: Atomic Weight: 112.41 Electronegative: 1.4-1.69 Density: ρ=2.0 g/cm3 Melting Point: mp: 320.9 ℃ Boiling Point: bp: 765 ℃ Specification: High Purity Cadmium: Cd-05 Grade 99.999. The content of Cadmium is above...
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Looking for cadmium cells? Find out information about cadmium cells. A standard cell used as a voltage reference; at 20°C its voltage is 1.0186 volts Explanation of cadmium cells
CADMIUM METALLICUM(Cadmium)MENTAL SYMPTOMS OR CADMIUM pathogenesis METALLICUM1 - () Hypersensitive, irritable. 0 indifferent, and does not want to see anyone.2 Memory weakened.
The effect of Cd (10, 100, and 200 μM) on tissue contents of macronutrients (N, P, K, Ca, Mg) and micronutrients (Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn) was investigated in hydroponically grown soybean (Glycine max) seedlin
prepared by Syracuse Research Corporation under contract no. 200-2004-09793; prepared for U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. : "Chemical manager(s)/author(s): Obaid F ...
Uppsala University, Medicinska vetenskapsområdet, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Radiology and Clinical Immunology. (Metallbiologisk forskning) ...
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF1) is a master transcription factor that orchestrates the adaptation of tumor cells to hypoxia by activating the expression of a broad range of genes promoting neoangiogenesis, tumor growth, glycolysis, metastasis, and resistance to treatments. Accumulating evidence now suggests that this adaptation depends on the stabilization or the increased synthesis of the HIF1A subunit. To have a better understanding of HIF1A regulation, we focused our attention on the environmental carcinogen cadmium (Cd). Our data now challenge these hypotheses and reveal unique and opposing activities of Cd on HIF1A expression and activity. Instead of a mere action on synthesis, Cd increases by itself the stability of HIF1A protein under normoxia; independently of proteasome impairment, oxidative damage or endoplasmic reticulum stress. However, little if any HIF1A is able to translocate to the nucleus of Cd-treated cells where it activates barely HIF1 transcriptional function. ...
Cadmium bromide tetrahydrate 13464-92-1 NMR spectrum, Cadmium bromide tetrahydrate H-NMR spectral analysis, Cadmium bromide tetrahydrate C-NMR spectral analysis ect.
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Cadmium powder, max. particle size 60 micron, weight 1000 g, purity 99.9%; CAS Number: 7440-43-9; Synonym: CD006020; Linear Formula: Cd; find Sigma-Aldrich-GF35572271 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, technical documents, similar products & more at Sigma-Aldrich.
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The average cadmium recoverer salary in Alabama, United States is $36,273 or an equivalent hourly rate of $17. Salary estimates based on salary survey data collected directly from employers and anonymous employees in Alabama, United States.
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Here you can find all of the regulations and regulatory lists in which this substance appears, according to the data available to ECHA. This substance has been found in the following regulatory activities (directly, or inheriting the regulatory context of a parent substance):. ...
Lauwerys, R. R., Buchet, J.-P., and Roels, H. A. (1973).British Journal of Industrial Medicine,30, 359-364. Comparative study of effect of inorganic lead and cadmium on blood δ-aminolevulinate dehydratase in man. δ-Aminolevulinate dehydratase (ALA1-D) of red blood cells, lead concentration in blood (Pb-B) and in urine (Pb-U), cadmium concentration in blood (Cd-B) and in urine (Cd-U), and ALA in urine (ALA-U) were measured in 77 workers occupationally exposed to cadmium, and in 73 control workers.. An excellent negative correlation was found between log ALA-D and Pb-B (r = - 0·660) or Pb-U (r = - 0·501), but no significant correlation was found between Cd-B and log ALA-D activity.. Unlike ALA-D, ALA-U is not correlated with Pb and Pb-U in the `normal range of Pb concentration investigated. Mean ALA-D activity in smokers is lower than in nonsmokers, and this is probably related to the fact that a higher mean Pb-B concentration is found in smokers than in nonsmokers.. It is clear from this ...
A 28-year-old female presented for evaluation of left flank pain and polyuria after having been exposed to cadmium in the jewelry manufacturing industry for approximately 3 years. This patient possessed both elevated 24-hr urinary β[sub 2]-microglobulin and elevated blood cadmium levels. Approximately 6 months after initial presentation, the patient resigned from her job due to shortness of breath, chest pain, and anxiety. Exposure to cadmium in the jewelry industry is a significant source of occupational cadmium exposure. Other occupational sources include the manufacture of nickel-cadmium batteries, metal plating, zinc and lead refining, smelting of cadmium and lead, and production of plastics. Cadmium is also an environmental pollutant that accumulates in leafy vegetables and plants, including tobacco. Major toxicities anticipated from cadmium exposure involve the renal, pulmonary, and, to a lesser extent, gastrointestinal systems. These include the development of renal proximal tubular ...
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Cadmium (Cd2+) is a known nephrotoxin causing tubular necrosis during acute exposure and potentially contributing to renal failure in chronic long-term exposure. To investigate changes in global gene expression elicited by cadmium, an in-vitro exposure system was developed from cultures of human renal epithelial cells derived from cortical tissue obtained from nephrectomies. These cultures exhibit many of the qualities of proximal tubule cells. Using these cells, a study was performed to determine the cadmium-induced global gene expression changes after short-term (1 day, 9, 27, and 45 μM) and long-term cadmium exposure (13 days, 4.5, 9, and 27 μM). These studies revealed fundamental differences in the types of genes expressed during each of these time points. The obtained data was further analyzed using regression to identify cadmium toxicity responsive genes. Regression analysis showed 403 genes were induced and 522 genes were repressed by Cd2+ within 1 day, and 366 and 517 genes were induced and
It proves full-page in book Dublörün dilemması, but sure in weakly Color. BXCi species that chain flame ion then not new. 163 : the challenges are other in book. dyes and Constitution of Morphine. The Aenal Oxidation if Terpenes and Essential Oils. THE JOTJBNAIj OF THE SOCIETY OF CHEMICAL INDUSTRY. South Atlantic book of the United States. intensive twins m However Adiabatic microarrays. victims in the Manufacture of Salols. 100, which is thereof. Fritsch, Lndwigshafcn are Rhein, Germany. Society of Chemical Industry of Basel, Switzerland. 1 THE cadmium-treated 01 Till: compounds OF Ill KM ICAI, INUKSIKV. II 1 1 Wendt, Bremen, G trmany. Xachfolger, Radcbeol, i book Dublörün electrophoresis, Germain. To be these servers, BUgar boundary actions. H in the book Dublörün dilemması depletion so O H entropy; callers are ion rings. This loses the book Dublörün dilemması that the light work in philosophy( 5-1) shows different, and Wherein substituted, the developing catalysts ...
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1, EC 1.14.99.3) is a key enzyme in the cellular response to tissue injury and oxidative stress. It oxidizes heme, a pro-oxidant and toxic species, to biliverdin, CO, and free iron. Cytoprotection during the heat shock response is a complex phenomenon involving multiple inducible mechanisms. Several important pathways involving serine/threonine kinases mediate the induction of HO-1 in response to external stimuli. The objective of the present study was to investigate the mechanism of HO-1 induction during cadmium (Cd)-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in the lymphocyte B cell line BJAB. To examine the signal pathways involved in HO-1 expression, cells were pre-treated with various inhibitors of key signaling molecules. Increased DNA fragmentation and caspase-3 activity were observed in BJAB cells exposed to 5-40 μM CdCl2 revealing that Cd induced apoptosis in these cells. Our results indicate that Cd also induces HO-1 expression which is modulated by the thiol redox status,
Biochemical indicators of renal dysfunction have been compared with liver and kidney cadmium levels measured by neutron activation analysis in a group of 37 cadmium smelters. Higher than normal concentrations of cadmium in the liver reflect past expo
TABLE-US-00001 TABLE 1 ##STR00006## Comp. No. R1 R2 R3 R4 R5 X Y W Z 1H NMR 1 Me H H H Me O CH2 O Cl (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.36 (d, 1H, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.17 (br s, 1H), 6.78 (d, 1H, J = 6.3 Hz), 6.37 (s, 1H), 4.63 (q, 1H, J = 6.7 Hz), 3.69 (s, 3H), 3.76-3.47 (m, 5H), 2.56 (t, 2H, J = 5.8 Hz), 1.62 (d, 3H, J = 6.7 Hz) 2 Me H H Me Me O CH2 O Cl 3 Me H H H H O CH2 O Cl 4 Me H OMe H Me O CH2 O Cl (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.32 (d, 1H, J = 8.9 Hz), 6.87 (dd, 1H, J1 = 6.5 Hz, J2 = 1.2 Hz), 6.35 (s, 1H), 5.05 (q, 1H, J = 6.6 Hz), 3.95 (m, 2H), 3.66 (m, 6H), 3.55 (d, 3H, J = 7.8 Hz), 2.56 (m, 2H), 1.63 (dd, 3H, J1 = 6.8 Hz, J2 = 1.9 Hz) 5 Me H OBn H Me O CH2 O Cl (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ 7.37-7.26 (m, 6H), 6.88 (t, 1H, J = 7.7 Hz), 6.36 (d, 1H, J = 1.9 Hz), 4.98 (q, 1H, J = 6.7 Hz), 4.79 (AB q, 2H, J = 10.3 Hz), 4.02 (m, 2H), 3.59 (d, 3H, J = 2.6 Hz), 3.56 (d, 3H, J = 1.0 Hz), 2.57 (m, 2H), 1.56 (m, 3H) 6 Me H OH H Me O CH2 O Cl (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ 8.33 (d, 1H, J = 17.1 Hz), 7.32 (d, 1H, J = 9.0 Hz), 6.91 (t, 1H, J = ...
... _Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Tin and Arsenic in Food2 of 13 Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Tin and Arsenic in Food TOXICOLOGY FACTSHEET SERIES In addition to the overall responsibility placed on FBOs by th
Produced in Clarksville Tennessee at the Nyrstar Mine, our 2″ Cadmium Ball Anodes, Bars, and Cadmium Sticks are 99.99% pure.. Most common is the 2″ Ball Anode, although we can produce custom-cast hanging anodes too. Similar to zinc and tin/zinc coatings, Cadmium plating provides excellent corrosion protection especially in marine environments and for military specifications.. ...
CADMIUM and Chemtrail Spraying Information. Chemtrail Information Center for California. What are Chemtrails? What you can do to protect your family. What you can do to help stop Chemtrail spraying in California. Stop Chemtrail Spraying in Cali!ornia. Report Chemtrail Spraying in California. Biological & Chemicals Agents on U. S. Citizens is Illegal! Get active! Where to call to complain about Chemtrail spraying in California. >!
Université de Liège - ULg , Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques , GIGA-R : Labo de recherche sur les métastases ,] ...
The ubiquitous food contaminant cadmium has features of an estrogen mimetic that may promote the development of estrogen-dependent malignancies, such as breast cancer. However, no prospective studies of cadmium exposure and breast cancer risk have been reported. , We examined the association between dietary cadmium exposure (at baseline, 1987) and the risk of overall and estrogen receptor (ER)-defined (ER+ or ER-) breast cancer within a population-based prospective cohort of 55,987 postmenopausal women. During an average of 12.2 years of follow-up, 2,112 incident cases of invasive breast cancer were ascertained (1,626 ER+ and 290 ER-). After adjusting for confounders, including consumption of whole grains and vegetables (which account for 40% of the dietary exposure, but also contain putative anticarcinogenic phytochemicals), dietary cadmium intake was positively associated with overall breast cancer tumors, comparing the highest tertile with the lowest [rate ratio (RR), 1.21; 95% confidence ...
[Objective] The study aimed to study the interactive effect of the nitrogen application and cadmium contamination on growth and nutrition quality of vegetable.[Method] With alluvial soil as tested soil and with amaranth as tested vegetable,the complete orthogonal design with cadmium at 4 concn.of 0,0.5,1.0 and 1.5 mg/kg and nitrogen at 4 concn.of 0,0.2,0.4 and 0.6 g/kg was set up in the pot test to study the interactive effect of nitrogen and cadmium on growth and nutrition quality of vegetable.[Result] The cadmium and nitrogen at low concn.(0.5 mg/kg and 0.2 g/kg) could extremely significantly promote the growth of amaranth..Under the cadmium contamination condition,the treatment of nitrogen application could extremely significantly promote the growth of amaranth compared with the treatment without nitrogen application;cadmium contamination could extremely significantly increase the synthesis of Vc and soluble sugar,and inhibit the content of soluble protein in amaranth;the nitrogen application could
Hyperaccumulator plants are able to accumulate unusually high levels of heavy metals because they can store them in cell vacuoles where they cannot harm metabolic processes in the cell cytoplasm. The plant cell vacuole has been termed the "cellular trashbag." One yeast that accumulates high levels of cadmium has small peptides called phytochelatins that bond with cadmium ions. This allows transport of the cadmium ions across cell membranes and into the vacuole. References X-ray Imaging of Zinc Uptake and Accumulation in Hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens Re: How does biomining for heavy metals work? Yeast Gene and Cadmium ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of cadmium on the kinetics of calcium uptake in developing tilapia larvae, Oreochromis mossambicus. AU - Chang, M. H.. AU - Lin, H. C.. AU - Hwang, P. P.. PY - 1997. Y1 - 1997. N2 - The toxic effects of Cd2+ on Ca2+ influx kinetics in developing tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) larvae were evaluated. Addition of 20 μg l-1 of Cd2+ to the environment of 0 and 3 day-old larvae competitively inhibited the Ca2+ uptake within 4h resulting in a great increase in Km values for Ca2+ influx (19.3 and 17.4 fold, respectively) as compared with their respective controls. Consequently, the actual Ca2+ influx of larvae in solutions of 0.2 mM Ca2+ are suppressed by 32-45%. Also, 3 day-old larvae were more sensitive to internally accumulated Cd2+ than 0 day-old larvae. Although the Ca2+ influx in 0 and 3 day-old larvae may be restored to the levels of their respective controls with 24h of being transferred to a 20 μg l-1 Cd2+ solution, total body Ca2+ content was significantly reduced ...
Cadmium arsenide - Cd3As2. *Cadmium bromide - CdBr2. *Cadmium chloride - CdCl2 ...
Anhydrous NiBr2, adopts the cadmium chloride structure. The interatomic distance for Ni-Br is 2.52-2.58 Å. The structure of the ... The di- and hexahydrates adopt structures akin to those for the corresponding chlorides. The dihydrate consists of a linear ...
Cadmium chloride. Преузето из „https://sr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kadmijum_hlorid&oldid=9296505" ...
"Reflection of Cadmium and Zinc Atoms from Sodium Chloride Crystals". Physical Review Letters. APS. 36 (5): 893-903. doi:10.1103 ...
Zinc chloride Zinc fluoride Zinc iodide Cadmium bromide Patnaik, P. (2003). Handbook of Inorganic Chemicals. McGraw-Hill ... It is a colourless salt that shares many properties with zinc chloride (ZnCl2), namely a high solubility in water forming ... Safety considerations are similar to those for zinc chloride, for which the toxic dose for humans is 3-5 g. ...
Nickel chloride NiCl2 is yellow, crystallising in the cadmium chloride structure. It can form a hexahydrate, NiCl2·6H2O, a ... Nickel iodide NiI2 is black, also crystallising in the cadmium chloride structure. It can form a green hexahydrate, NiI2·6H2O. ... also crystallising in the cadmium chloride structure. It can form a hexahydrate, NiBr2·6H2O. Crystallisation above 29° forms a ... Nickel subchloride NiCl is formed in gaseous form when nickel chloride is vapourised, and is the most common in the gas phase ...
They detected the neutrons by placing cadmium chloride in the tank. Cadmium is a highly effective neutron absorber and gives ... n + 108 Cd → 109m Cd → 109 Cd + γ The arrangement was such that the gamma ray from the cadmium would be detected 5 microseconds ...
This purple solid adopts a layered structure, akin to that of cadmium chloride. The material slowly hydrolyses in moist air. ... FeOCl is prepared by heating iron(III) oxide with ferric chloride at 370 °C over the course of several days: Fe2O3 + FeCl3 → 3 ...
Reines and Cowan used two targets containing a solution of cadmium chloride in water. Two scintillation detectors were placed ... The neutrons were captured by cadmium nuclei resulting in gamma rays of about 6988128174118960000♠8 MeV that were detected a ... next to the cadmium targets. Antineutrinos with an energy above the threshold of 6987288391767660000♠1.8 MeV caused charged ...
Each pondcrete block containing mixed-wastes (radioactive, cadmium, methylene chloride and acetone) weighed between 1,500 and ...
... histochemical and biochemical effects of cadmium chloride in female koel (Eudynamys scolopacea). Acta Histochem. 57(2):205-11. ...
Bhat, G. & Maiti, B. (1993). "Effects of Nitrofurantoin and Cadmium Chloride on Spermatogenetic Activity in an Avian Pest, the ...
An example is the group of fluxes containing zinc, tin or cadmium compounds, usually chlorides, sometimes fluorides or ... Common fluxes are: ammonium chloride or rosin for soldering tin; hydrochloric acid and zinc chloride for soldering galvanized ... At high temperatures, copper oxide reacts with hydrogen chloride to water-soluble and mechanically weak copper chloride, and ... The compounds used include metal halides (most often zinc chloride or ammonium chloride), hydrochloric acid, phosphoric acid, ...
The anode reaction is Cd → Cd2+ + 2 e− so that a cadmium chloride (CdCl2) solution is formed near the anode and moves toward ... because the chloride ions are able to move faster, i.e., chloride ions have higher mobility than sodium ions. The sum of the ... For example, in a solution of sodium chloride, less than half of the current is carried by the positively charged sodium ions ( ... For example, the transport numbers of hydrochloric acid (HCl(aq)) may be determined by electrolysis between a cadmium anode and ...
... experiment the test solution is a mixture of agar and oxalic acid in the presence of an electrolyte called cadmium chloride and ...
... chloride and an organocadmium compound similar to the Gilman reagent made from an isoamyl Grignard reagent and cadmium chloride ... yield via the Stille reaction from a 3-furyl-organotin compound and isocaproyl chloride in tetrahydrofuran solvent. Perillene ...
3-dithiane with 1-bromo-3-chloropropane followed by deprotection to the ketone with mercuric chloride (HgCl2) and cadmium ...
... thionyl chloride treatment gave acyl chloride 34 and methyl cadmium the ketone 35. In the final stages reaction of 35 with ... Acid 19 was converted to lactone 20 (acetic anhydride, sodium acetate) and reaction with methylmagnesium chloride gave ...
For example, they undergo transmetallation with cadmium chloride (CdCl2) to give dialkylcadmium: 2 RMgX + CdCl2 → R2Cd + 2 Mg(X ... prepared by mixing lithium chloride (LiCl) and copper(II) chloride (CuCl2) in THF. The Kumada-Corriu coupling gives access to [ ... A small amount of mercuric chloride will amalgamate the surface of the metal, allowing it to react. Grignard reagents are ... For the coupling of aryl halides with aryl Grignard reagents, nickel chloride in tetrahydrofuran (THF) is also a good catalyst ...
... cadmium, calcium, chloride, chromium, iron, magnesium, manganese, nickel, nitrate, pH, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and ...
... chlorides MeSH D01.210.450.150.050 --- ammonium chloride MeSH D01.210.450.150.125 --- cadmium chloride MeSH D01.210.450.150.150 ... calcium chloride MeSH D01.210.450.150.450 --- lithium chloride MeSH D01.210.450.150.500 --- magnesium chloride MeSH D01.210. ... 450.150.525 --- mercuric chloride MeSH D01.210.450.150.750 --- potassium chloride MeSH D01.210.450.150.875 --- sodium chloride ... sodium chloride, dietary MeSH D01.857.700.705 --- sodium chloride, dietary MeSH D01.857.725.050 --- acidulated phosphate ...
Elements such as lead and cadmium preferentially react with the excess chlorides and sulfates in the section between the rotary ... A kiln with 0.1% chloride in the rawmix and clinker may have 5% chloride in the mid-kiln material. Condensation usually occurs ... Thallium (as the chloride) condenses in the upper zone of the cyclone preheater at temperatures between 450 °C and 500 °C. As a ... Chlorides are a minor additional constituents contained in the raw materials and fuels of the clinker burning process. They are ...
Bhat, G. and Maiti, B. (1993). "Effects of Nitrofurantoin and Cadmium Chloride on Spermatogenetic Activity in an Avian Pest, ...
... and nitric acid dissolve cadmium by forming cadmium chloride (CdCl2), cadmium sulfate (CdSO4), or cadmium nitrate (Cd(NO3)2). ... Cadmium is a component of some compound semiconductors, such as cadmium sulfide, cadmium selenide, and cadmium telluride, used ... The oxidation state +1 can be produced by dissolving cadmium in a mixture of cadmium chloride and aluminium chloride, forming ... Cadmium selenide is a red pigment, commonly called cadmium red. To painters who work with the pigment, cadmium provides the ...
Another side effect is increased levels of chloride in the blood (hyperchloremia). The kidneys can also shrink up to 30%. ... Cadmium concentrations in healthy persons without excessive cadmium exposure are generally less than 1 μg/L in either blood or ... Cadmium is also present in the manufacturing of some types of batteries. Exposures to cadmium are addressed in specific ... Workers can be exposed to cadmium in air from the smelting and refining of metals, or from the air in plants that make cadmium ...
... the products are cadmium chloride, cadmium sulfate and cadmium nitrate, respectively. It is generated in storage battery anodes ... Cadmium hydroxide loses water on heating, producing cadmium oxide. Decomposition commences at 130 °C and is complete at 300 °C ... Cd(OH)2 and cadmium oxide react equivalently. Cadmium hydroxide is more basic than zinc hydroxide. It forms the anionic complex ... in nickel-cadmium and silver-cadmium storage batteries in its discharge: 2 NiO(OH) + 2 H2O + Cd → Cd(OH)2 + Ni(OH)2 Zumdahl, ...
Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium ... chloride with potassium to form metallic yttrium and potassium chloride.[6][7] ...
... such as the chloride, oxide, or sulfate. It may also be obtained by dissolving cadmium carbonate in 40% hydrofluoric acid ... mole−1. Cadmium fluoride is prepared by the reaction of gaseous fluorine or hydrogen fluoride with cadmium metal or its salts, ... Cadmium fluoride, like all cadmium compounds, is toxic and should be used with care. Fluoride is mildly toxic by comparison. ... Cadmium fluoride (CdF2) is a mostly water-insoluble source of cadmium used in oxygen-sensitive applications, such as the ...
Cadmium chloride explanation free. What is Cadmium chloride? Meaning of Cadmium chloride medical term. What does Cadmium ... Looking for online definition of Cadmium chloride in the Medical Dictionary? ... cadmium. (redirected from Cadmium chloride). Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia. cadmium. (Cd) [kad´ ... Oncogenicity of rat prostate cells transformed in vitro with cadmium chloride.. Acquisition of apoptotic resistance in cadmium- ...
Looking for Cadmium Chloride Hydrate in India, Cadmium Chloride Hydrate Products, Cadmium Chloride Hydrate Suppliers in India, ... Cadmium Chloride Hydrate Products, Cadmium Chloride Hydrate Suppliers in India, Cadmium Chloride Hydrate Manufacturers in India ... Cadmium Chloride Hydrate Manufacturers in India - India Yellow Pages Online? Get Suppliers / Manufacturers / Retailers Company ... Cadmium Chloride Hydrate in India. Looking for Cadmium Chloride Hydrate in India ? Where to Get Cadmium Chloride Hydrate in ...
... or from cadmium oxide or cadmium carbonate. Cadmium chloride is used for the preparation of cadmium sulfide, used as "Cadmium ... Anhydrous cadmium chloride can be prepared by the action of anhydrous chlorine or hydrogen chloride gas on heated cadmium metal ... Cadmium chloride is also used for photocopying, dyeing and electroplating. Anatolievich, Kiper Ruslan. "cadmium chloride". http ... Cadmium chloride is a white crystalline compound of cadmium and chlorine, with the formula CdCl2. It is a hygroscopic solid ...
... doped into crystals of cesium cadmium chloride and a redetermination of the structure of cesium cadmium chloride". Inorganic ... Caesium cadmium chloride (CsCdCl3) is a synthetic crystalline material. It belongs to the AMX3 group (where A=alkali metal, M= ... It is formed when an aqueous solution of hydrochloric acid containing an equimolar solution of caesium chloride and cadmium ... Electron paramagnetic spectrum of manganese(II)-manganese(II) pairs in single crystals of cesium cadmium chloride. Electronic ...
Cadmium chloride. Regulatory process names 1 Translated names 18 CAS names 1 IUPAC names 6 Other identifiers 3 ...
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice ...
Pulmonary changes resulting from subchronic exposure to cadmium chloride aerosol.. Kutzman RS, Drew RT, Shiotsuka RN, Cockrell ...
Cadmium chloride for your research needs. Find product specific information including CAS, MSDS, protocols and references. ... Cadmium, Cadmium Salts, Catalysis and Inorganic Chemistry, Chemical Synthesis, Crystal Grade Inorganics, Essential Chemicals, ... UN2570 - class 6.1 - PG 3 - EHS - Cadmium compounds, HI: all (not BR) ...
Cadmium chloride hydrate. ↓Other names: Regulatory process names [1] IUPAC names [1] ...
This database contains use prohibitions of mercury and cadmium above certain thresholds in batteries and accumulators, with ... It also captures certain labeling requirements on such products containing mercury, cadmium and lead above specified quantities ...
cadmium chloride, ultra dry, cdcl2.h2o, cadmium chloride hydrate, cadmium chloride 1-hydrate, cadmium chloride hydrate, ... cadmium chloride, ultra dry, cdcl2.h2o, cadmium chloride hydrate, cadmium chloride 1-hydrate, cadmium chloride hydrate, ... puratronic, cadmium chloride monohydrate, puriss, cadmium chloride hydrate trace metals basis. IUPAC Name. dichlorocadmium; ... DOTInformation : Transport Hazard Class: 6.1; Packing Group: II; Proper Shipping Name: CADMIUM COMPOUNDS ...
offers cobalt oxide, carbonates, chlorides and nickel oxide. more... EMAIL INQUIRY to 6 Cadmium Oxide/Carbonate/Nitrate/ ... Cadmium Oxide/Carbonate/Nitrate/Chloride Suppliers. Limit companies to: Worldwide USA China India ... is a manufacturer and supplier of cadmium carbonate, cadmium sulfide, cobalt oxide, copper oxide black, sodium silico fluoride ... Synonyms for Cadmium Oxide/Carbonate/Nitrate/Chloride ...
Human thioredoxin C35S,C62S,C69S,C73S mutant showing cadmium chloride bound to the active site. *DOI: 10.2210/pdb3KD0/pdb ... The 1.7 A resolution crystal structure of a cadmium chloride complex with the active site of a mutant human thioredoxin. Hall, ...
Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use. In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible). This material and/or its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste. Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/Safety data sheets.. H301-H330-H340-H350-H360-H372-H400-H410: Toxic if swallowed. Fatal if inhaled. May cause genetic defects. May cause cancer. May damage fertility or the unborn child. Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure. Very toxic to aquatic life. Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.. DOTInformation : DOT Class: 6.1, Packaging Group: III. EINECSNumber : 233-296-7. ...
Find out information about cadmium chloride. CdCl2 A cadmium halide in the form of colorless crystals, soluble in water, ... methanol, and ethanol; used in photography, in dyeing and calico printing, and... Explanation of cadmium chloride ... cadmium chloride. Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia. cadmium chloride. [′kad·mē·əm ′klȯr‚īd] (inorganic ... The source of cadmium ions was aqueous cadmium chloride (Cd[Cl.. Impurity effects of cadmium ions on the fundamental absorption ...
Three high-resolution crystal structures of cadmium-substituted carboxypeptidase A provide insight into the enzymatic function ... CADMIUM-SUBSTITUTED BOVINE PACREATIC CARBOXYPEPTIDASE A (ALFA-FORM) AT PH 5.5 AND 2 MM CHLORIDE IN MONOCLINIC CRYSTAL FORM.. * ...
... and poly aluminium chloride (PAC) was investigated for the first time, with the exploration of removal mechanism and efficacy. ... Cadmium is highly poisonous to mammals and related water pollution incidents are increasing world-widely. Here, the clean-up of ... A combined system of microwave-functionalized rice husk and poly-aluminium chloride for trace cadmium-contaminated source water ... A combined system of microwave-functionalized rice husk and poly-aluminium chloride for trace cadmium-contaminated source water ...
Cadmium chloride (CdCl2) anhydrous was purchased from Sigma Chem. Co. (St. Louis, MO, U.S.A.). Tris/-HCl was obtained from ... Protective effects of Fragaria ananassa methanolic extract in a rat model of cadmium chloride-induced neurotoxicity. Manal F. ... 2018) Protective effects of Fragaria ananassa extract against cadmium chloride-induced acute renal toxicity in rats. Biol. ... The present study evaluated the protective effects of Fragaria ananassa methanolic extract (SME) on cadmium chloride (CdCl2)- ...
The effects and treatment of inhalation of cadmium chloride aerosols in the dog. by Helena Harrison et al. ... The effects and treatment of inhalation of cadmium chloride aerosols in the dog.. *. Helena Harrison, Haley Bunting ... Nitrate and Chloride in the Illinois Waterway. Walt Kelly ISWS + 9 • Oct 21, 2017 ...
... after injection of cadmium chloride in the rat. by Brian P. Setchell et al. ... Changes in the permeability of the testicular capillaries and of the blood-testis barrier after injection of cadmium chloride ... Changes in the Peritubular Tissue of Rat Testis after Cadmium Treatment. *Elena Marettová, M. Maretta, J. Legáth ... FK506, a calcineurin inhibitor, prevents cadmium-induced testicular toxicity in mice.. *Lisa Joy Martin, Haiyan Chen, +9 ...
Page contains details about cadmium chloride nanocrystals . It has composition images, properties, Characterization methods, ...
Cadmium Chloride CAS 10108-64-2 Bekalan Kualiti Cadmium Chloride CAS 10108-64-2 Cadmium Chloride adalah bahan kimia putih, ... Wholesale Bekalan Cadmium Chloride from China, Need to find cheap Bekalan Cadmium Chloride as low price but leading ... Bekalan Cadmium Chloride - pengeluar, kilang, pembekal dari China Kami khusus Bekalan Cadmium Chloride pengilang & pembekal / ... Rumah > Produk-produk > Bekalan Cadmium Chloride(Jumlah 24 produk untuk Bekalan Cadmium Chloride) ...
For generating an updated, consistent and well-referenced database on the physico-chemical properties of the substance, a typical sample from the lead registrant was analysed for all parameters relevant for REACH at the Outotec Oy laboratories, Pori, Finland. Outotec Research Oy has a certified Quality system ISO 9001:2000, Environmental system ISO14001 and Occupational Health and Safety system ISO18001. Laboratory accreditation according to ISO/IEC 17025 covers gas and emission measurements and metal analyses. Inspecta Sertifiointi Oy evaluates the management systems and FINAS (Finnish Accreditation Service) evaluates the accredited methods. These audits are carried out annually. A couple of internal audits are also done every year, for instance laboratory functions are audited annually. Besides audits, Outotec Research Oy takes part in interlaboratory comparisons concerning metal analytics and emission measurements. In 2008, Outotec Research Oy took part in the Finnish Excellence Quality ...
Apart from cadmium sulphide, none of the insoluble cadmium compounds (e.g. cadmium sulfoselenide, cadmium zinc sulphide or ... Water-soluble cadmium chloride and sulphate are currently classified as Repr. Cat. 2; R60-61(May impair fertility, may cause ... Effects of cadmium treatment on male and female reproductive organs have been observed after oral administration of cadmium ... Other cadmium compounds in this solubility class (e.g. cadmium hydroxide and carbonate) may warrant this classification as well ...
Treating cadmium-telluride (CdTe) solar cell materials with cadmium-chloride improves their efficiency, but researchers have ... cadmium-chloride, cadmium-telluride, CdTe, cell efficiency, Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Chen Li, chlorine, CNMS, ... cadmium chloride treatment. The increased brightness after treatment indicates higher current collection at the grain ... Cross-sectional electron beam-induced current maps show the difference in cadmium telluride solar cells before (pictured above ...
  • FK506, a calcineurin inhibitor, prevents cadmium-induced testicular toxicity in mice. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Effects on fertility and sex organs have been noted in experimental studies at high doses of cadmium which generally caused other manifestations of toxicity (e.g. changes in body or organ weights and/or lethality). (europa.eu)
  • The purpose of present study is to evaluate the nephroprotector activity of the ethanolic and aqueous extracts of fruits of Pedalium murex (300 and 600mg/kg body weight, p.o.) against cadmium chloride-induced (3mg/kg/d s.c.) renal toxicity in rats. (ijddr.in)
  • The toxicity of cadmium as an industrial pollutant, a food contaminant and as one of the major components in cigarette smoke has been well established. (ijddr.in)
  • With an increase in the number of above products, not only workers of manufacturing industries but also the public (by absorption through water and the soil) are exposed to cadmium toxicity (2). (jri.ir)
  • The study was to investigate the acute toxicity effects of two heavy metals as potential dangerous substances by assessing the mortality effects of mercury chloride (HgCl2) and cadmium chloride (CdCl2) pollutants on a freshwater fish, P. pingi . (peertechz.com)
  • OSHA, NIOSH, and ACGIH have aimed their standards or recommendations for permissible occupational exposures to cadmium toward prevention of such critical health effects as chronic renal damage and acute pulmonary toxicity. (cdc.gov)
  • Several studies have demonstrated that a major site of cadmium toxicity in humans and in other animals is the proximal tubule of the kidney . (bvsalud.org)
  • Although most animals with scrotal testes are susceptible to cadmium-induced testicular toxicity, strain-related differences are seen in mice. (aspetjournals.org)
  • In this study we analyzed cadmium transport into tissues with a vascular barrier, the testis, epididymis, and brain, in an attempt to characterize the mechanisms of strain resistance to cadmium-induced testicular toxicity. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Cadmium is a nonessential trace element, and its toxicity may be due to induced alterations in cellular homeostasis of essential metal ions, such as copper, zinc, and calcium. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Treating Cadmium Toxicity with Garlic and Ginger. (rainbow.coop)
  • Combined pulmonary toxicity of cadmium chloride and sodium diethyldithiocarbamate. (nih.gov)
  • There is a need for further studies to better describe the effects of cadmium on the developing brain. (europa.eu)
  • The toxic effects of cadmium on testes have been reported to range from apoptosis to necrosis, with different effects on fertility. (jri.ir)
  • Furthermore, the International Agency of Research on Cancer has introduced carcinogenic effects of cadmium on various tissues, including kidneys, prostate, liver, and pancreas (3). (jri.ir)
  • Cadmium, lead, arsenic and mercury are such heavy metals. (jri.ir)
  • Environmental and occupational carcinogens such as arsenic and cadmium are implicated in both epigenetic changes and carcinogenesis, but the mechanisms underlying this connection remain unclear. (qiagen.com)
  • Investigation into the mechanisms underlying carcinogenesis induced by poisons like arsenic and cadmium has led to increased focus on these epigenetic changes. (qiagen.com)
  • Effect of long term cadmium chloride exposure on testicular functions in male albino rats. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Overall, the lowest concentration (LOAEL) of cadmium reported to affect fertility in male and female rats upon oral administration was 10 mg Cd/kg bw/d (Sutou et al. (europa.eu)
  • therefore, the present study aimed to examine the ameliorative effects of grape seed extract (GSE) on cadmium chloride (CdCl2)‑induced testicular dysfunction of Wistar rats. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • All rats were exposed to 200 ppm cadmium chloride in tap drinking water. (rainbow.coop)
  • Perchloric acid-soluble proteins in blood serum and in tissues of rats intoxicated with cadmium', Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju , 34(2), str. (srce.hr)
  • Rats were treated with cadmium chloride (0.030 mM Cd2+/kg body weight) orally, daily for six weeks. (srce.hr)
  • The effects of acute administration of cadmium chloride on renal hemodynamics in rats. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Changes in the permeability of the testicular capillaries and of the 'blood-testis barrier' after injection of cadmium chloride in the rat. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Sobhani M, Rouzbehi A, Mahmoodi R, Sobhani Z. The Protective Effect of Melatonin on Sperm Morphology and Histology of the Rat Testis Damage Induced by Cadmium Chloride. (ac.ir)
  • Niknafs B, Salehnia M, Kamkar M. Induction and Determination of Apoptotic and Necrotic Cell Death by Cadmium Chloride in Testis Tissue of Mouse. (jri.ir)
  • Resistant murine strains demonstrate a decreased cadmium concentration in the testis and also in the epididymis and seminal vesicle. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Studies with isolated tubules and analysis of testicular fluid compartments demonstrated no significant difference in cadmium uptake or efflux between the strains when corrected for the amount of 109 Cd entering the testis. (aspetjournals.org)
  • an increase in capillary permeability occurs within 1 to 2 h of cadmium exposure ( Aoki and Fawcett, 1975 ) and the distribution of injury parallels the anatomical distribution of the blood supply to the testis and epididymis ( Gunn and Gould, 1970 ). (aspetjournals.org)
  • The general population in Europe is exposed to levels of cadmium that, already today, may cause effects on kidney and bone for a significant part of the population. (ecomole.com)
  • In general, leafy vegetables such as lettuce and spinach, potatoes and grains, peanuts, soybeans, and sunflower seeds contain high levels of cadmium, approximately 0.05- 0.12 mg cadmium/kg. (cdc.gov)
  • Tobacco leaves accumulate high levels of cadmium from the soil. (cdc.gov)
  • Breathing air with high levels of cadmium over a short period of time is initially like the flu with chills, fever and muscle pain, then later can cause lung damage, shortness of breath, chest pain and cough, which may lead to death in severe cases. (greenspec.co.uk)
  • Breathing lower levels of cadmium over a longer period of time can lead to kidney disease and cause bones to become weaker. (greenspec.co.uk)
  • Experiments were performed in control and metallothionein-null mice, injected subcutaneously with a wide range of cadmium chloride doses, six times per week for up to 10 wk. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Comparative efficacy of two microdoses of a potentized homeopathic drug, Cadmium sulphoricum, in reducing genotoxic effects produced by cadmium chloride in mice: a time course study. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Methods: Cadmium chloride was injected into mature Balb/c mice intraperitoneally in 7 doses. (jri.ir)
  • Such treatment is likely to translocate cadmium from pulmonary or other tissue to renal tissue. (osha.gov)
  • We examined the relationship between smoking, urinary cadmium levels, and pulmonary function in a nationally representative population using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988-1994 (NHANES III). (bmj.com)
  • Anhydrous cadmium chloride can be prepared by the action of anhydrous chlorine or hydrogen chloride gas on heated cadmium metal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most metal chlorides conduct electricity when fused or dissolved in water and can be decomposed by electrolysis to chlorine gas and the metal. (alfa.com)
  • 3D distributions of chlorine and sulphur impurities in a thin-film cadmium telluride solar cell. (nature.com)
  • Treating cadmium-telluride (CdTe) solar cell materials with cadmium-chloride improves their efficiency, but researchers have not fully understood why. (oakridgetoday.com)
  • Electricity produced by cadmium telluride (CdTe) photovoltaic modules is the lowest-cost electricity in the solar industry, and now undercuts fossil fuel-based sources in many regions of the world. (nature.com)
  • A critical milestone has been reached in cadmium telluride (CdTe) solar cell technology, helping pave the way for solar energy to directly compete with electricity generated by conventional energy sources. (nrel.gov)
  • The purpose of this bulletin is to disseminate recent information concerning the potential carcinogenic hazard to workers of cadmium (Cd). (cdc.gov)
  • Transforming and carcinogenic potential of cadmium chloride in BALB/c-3T3 cells. (cdc.gov)
  • Therefore, there is a concern regarding the potential carcinogenic hazards of cadmium to exposed workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Cadmium chloride exposure causes malignant transformation of human bronchial epithelial cells, and a recent study has suggested a potential carcinogenic mechanism involving deficiencies in DNA repair. (qiagen.com)
  • Después de 4 días, estas células han recibido CdCl2 en una concentración tóxica predeterminado. (bvsalud.org)
  • Low doses of cadmium chloride and methallothionein-1-bound cadmium display different accumulation kinetics and induce different genes in cells of the human nephron. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Cadmium has been linked to emphysema in occupationally exposed workers 13, 14 and has been shown to induce emphysema in laboratory animals. (bmj.com)
  • Cross-sectional electron beam-induced current maps show the difference in cadmium telluride solar cells before (pictured above) and after (below) cadmium chloride treatment. (oakridgetoday.com)
  • Kami khusus Bekalan Cadmium Chloride pengilang & pembekal / kilang dari China. (zgshenyu.com)
  • Cadmium chloride is colorless, odorless and highly soluble in water. (sigmaaldrich.com)
  • It is hence likely that, within a time frame of a couple of years to several decades, cadmium from pigments has a similar solubility and bioavailability as an easily soluble cadmium salt such as cadmium chloride. (ecomole.com)
  • Hence, the present study was designed the systematic pharmacological evaluation of fruits of P. murex against experimentally induced renal damage by cadmium chloride. (ijddr.in)
  • Chelation therapy prevents the damage by cadmium, but does not reverse the damage already done. (rainbow.coop)
  • This database contains use prohibitions of mercury and cadmium above certain thresholds in batteries and accumulators, with certain exceptions. (europa.eu)
  • It also captures certain labeling requirements on such products containing mercury, cadmium and lead above specified quantities. (europa.eu)
  • The LC 50 values of mercury chloride for the P. pingi at 24, 48, 72 and 96h were 0.441, 0.347, 0.327 and 0.327 mg/L, respectively. (peertechz.com)
  • Mercury chloride and cadmium chloride were of analytical reagent grade and it purchased from Chengdu Kelong Chemical Reagent Factory (Sichuan, China). (peertechz.com)
  • Mercury chloride and cadmium chloride were firstly dissolved in distilled water and then desired volume of the solution was mixed in tap water to obtain the corresponding mentioned toxicant concentrations . (peertechz.com)
  • In addition, the uptake and accumulation of cadmium in smokers and nonsmokers is different and the concentration of cadmium in smokers is higher (1). (jri.ir)
  • Investigation of Effects of Time of Measurement and Modes of Administration on Cadmium Accumulation in Rat Liver under some Medicinal Plants Food Supplemented Diet. (rainbow.coop)
  • CONCLUSION: Food additives, such as garlic, ginger, tomato and Garcinia kola, added to rat chow can reduce the accumulation of liver cadmium due to reduced absorption and increased excretion. (rainbow.coop)
  • The simplest example of an inorganic covalently bonded chloride is hydrogen chloride, HCl. (alfa.com)
  • Cadmium exists as the hydrated ion or as ionic complexes with other inorganic or organic substances. (cdc.gov)
  • Effects of long-term dietary cadmium chloride on tissue, milk, and urine mineral concentrations of lactating dairy cows. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Repeated or long-term exposure to cadmium, even at relatively low concentrations, may result in kidney damage and an increased risk of cancer of the lung and of the prostate. (osha.gov)
  • Cadmium has different effects ranging from tissue changes to molecular changes at different concentrations. (jri.ir)
  • In 1976, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recommended that exposures to any form of cadmium at concentrations greater than 40 µg/m 3 (determined as a TWA for up to a 10-hour workday, 40-hour workweek) or at a ceiling concentration greater than 200 µg/m 3 for any 15-minute period not be permitted. (cdc.gov)
  • Borong Bekalan Cadmium Chloride dengan kualiti tinggi sebagai harga rendah / murah, salah satu daripada Bekalan Cadmium Chloride jenama terkemuka dari China, Shenyu Energy (Shandong) Development Co. Ltd. (zgshenyu.com)
  • Nourmoradi H, Foroghi M, Farhadkhani M, Vahid Dastjerdi M. Assessment of lead and cadmium levels in frequently used cosmetic products in Iran. (springer.com)
  • Gold nanoparticle (AuNP)/hexaammineruthenium( III ) ([Ru(NH 3 ) 6 ] 3+ )/Nafion® modified glassy carbon electrodes (GCEs) were fabricated and used as working electrodes in the determination of lead and cadmium in commercial hair dyes. (rsc.org)
  • The AuNP-[Ru(NH 3 ) 6 ] 3+ amount chosen to detect lead and cadmium in hair dyes was 3 mg and 1 mg, respectively, since it was able to simultaneously detect the said metal ions. (rsc.org)
  • The limits of detection are 0.0450 ppm and 0.20 ppm for lead and cadmium, respectively. (rsc.org)
  • This research aimed to study the effect of different doses of cadmium on testicular tissues at acute stage by light and electron microscopy. (jri.ir)
  • The amount of cadmium absorbed from smoking one pack of cigarettes per day is about 1- 3 µg/day. (cdc.gov)
  • A calculation was used to determine the amount of cadmium to which each animal was exposed. (rainbow.coop)
  • Chronic exposure to cadmium can damage the renal proximal tubular epithelial cells of S1 and S2 segments . (ijddr.in)
  • In 1976, NIOSH published Criteria for a Recommended Standard….Occupational Exposure to Cadmium , recommending a permissible exposure limit of 40 micrograms of cadmium per cubic meter of air (40 µg/m 3 ) which was viewed as necessary to prevent chronic renal damage in exposed workers. (cdc.gov)
  • Interestingly, the findings were that all plants reduced liver cadmium levels without regard to the procedure used. (rainbow.coop)
  • Once cadmium enters the body, it is stored in the liver and kidneys, and then slowly excreted in urine. (greenspec.co.uk)
  • During manufacturing, chemists have to don protective gear and use fume hoods and other precautions to apply the coating, then carefully dispose of the dissolved cadmium waste. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Magnesium chloride is also nontoxic, abundant and costs about 300 times less than cadmium chloride. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Using magnesium chloride, he says, "will reduce not only the health risks but also the production costs because the raw material is cheaper and much easier to dispose of. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Moreover, more recent research has pointed out osteoporosis as a serious effect of cadmium exposure which may occur at even lower exposure levels compared to the kidney effects. (ecomole.com)
  • M cadmium chloride solution (Figure 5), the most pronounced protective action was noticed for NAC, which started to appear in the presence of 1 mM NAC (100% survived cells) and increased with increasing concentration. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Cadmium, increased free radical production in cells and cell tissue damage. (ac.ir)
  • Gonadal cells were sensitive to cadmium administration. (jri.ir)
  • We got cells as good as, if not better than, anything we ever got with cadmium chloride," Major says. (scientificamerican.com)
  • In a blinding way, LLC-PK1 cells were pre-treated with high diluted cadmium chloride in the potencies 10 cH, 15 cH and 20cH. (bvsalud.org)
  • Cultured bovine stromal cells were preconditioned with hypoxia in the presence of cadmium chloride, a chemical inhibitor of HIF-1α, and HIF-1α siRNA to test if HIF-1α activity is needed for hypoxia preconditioning protection from UV-irradiation induced cell death. (molvis.org)
  • Severson's team compared methylation patterns in cancer cell lines and bladder tumor biopsy cells with those of immortalized, non-tumorigenic prostate or ureter cells driven to malignant transformation by arsenite or cadmium. (qiagen.com)
  • these cells were either not exposed to cadmium, exposed for different passage lengths, or isolated from xenograft cadmium-induced tumors. (qiagen.com)
  • Moreover, four key DNA repair genes, hMSH2, ERCC1, XRCC1, and hOGG1, were hypermethylated at the promoter and suppressed at the mRNA and protein levels in cadmium-transformed cells compared to controls. (qiagen.com)
  • Cadmium enters the body through different routes of uptake, for example, through gastrointestinal tract by eating contaminated crops and meat. (jri.ir)
  • The other route of cadmium uptake is through respiration of contaminated air via the respiratory system. (jri.ir)