The cactus plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. Cacti are succulent perennial plants well adapted to dry regions.
A plant genus of the family CACTACEAE. Species with cylindrical joints are called Cholla; flat jointed ones are Prickly-pear.
The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
Constituent of 30S subunit prokaryotic ribosomes containing 1600 nucleotides and 21 proteins. 16S rRNA is involved in initiation of polypeptide synthesis.
Information intended for potential users of medical and healthcare services. There is an emphasis on self-care and preventive approaches as well as information for community-wide dissemination and use.
A plant genus of the family ZYGOPHYLLACEAE. It is sometimes called chaparral but that is a generic word which is used with a number of other plants. Members contain NORDIHYDROGUAIARETIC ACID.
A greasy substance with a smoky odor and burned taste created by high temperature treatment of BEECH and other WOOD; COAL TAR; or resin of the CREOSOTE BUSH. It contains CRESOLS and POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS which are CARCINOGENS. It has been widely used as wood preservative and in PESTICIDES and had former use medicinally in DISINFECTANTS; LAXATIVES; and DERMATOLOGIC AGENTS.
A type of climate characterized by insufficient moisture to support appreciable plant life. It is a climate of extreme aridity, usually of extreme heat, and of negligible rainfall. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.
Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.
The portion of chromosome material that remains condensed and is transcriptionally inactive during INTERPHASE.
The full set of CHROMOSOMES presented as a systematized array of METAPHASE chromosomes from a photomicrograph of a single CELL NUCLEUS arranged in pairs in descending order of size and according to the position of the CENTROMERE. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Mapping of the KARYOTYPE of a cell.
A plant species of the family EUPHORBIACEAE.
Sugar-rich liquid produced in plant glands called nectaries. It is either produced in flowers or other plant structures, providing a source of attraction for pollinating insects and animals, as well as being a nutrient source to animal mutualists which provide protection of plants against herbivores.
The comparative science dealing with the physical characteristics of humans as related to their origin, evolution, and development in the total environment.
The reproductive organs of plants.
Sensation of enjoyment or gratification.
Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.
Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Common name for one of five species of small PARROTS, containing long tails.

Characterization of calcium oxalates generated as biominerals in cacti. (1/76)

The chemical composition and morphology of solid material isolated from various Cactaceae species have been analyzed. All of the tested specimens deposited high-purity calcium oxalate crystals in their succulent modified stems. These deposits occurred most frequently as round-shaped druses that sometimes coexist with abundant crystal sand in the tissue. The biominerals were identified either as CaC(2)O(4).2H(2)O (weddellite) or as CaC(2)O(4).H(2)O (whewellite). Seven different species from the Opuntioideae subfamily showed the presence of whewellite, and an equal number of species from the Cereoideae subfamily showed the deposition of weddellite. The chemical nature of these deposits was assessed by infrared spectroscopy. The crystal morphology of the crystals was visualized by both conventional light and scanning electron microscopy. Weddellite druses were made up of tetragonal crystallites, whereas those from whewellite were most often recognized by their acute points and general star-like shape. These studies clearly demonstrated that members from the main traditional subfamilies of the Cactaceae family could synthesize different chemical forms of calcium oxalate, suggesting a definite but different genetic control. The direct relationship established between a given Cactaceae species and a definite calcium oxalate biomineral seems to be a useful tool for plant identification and chemotaxonomy.  (+info)

Benefits and costs of mutualism: demographic consequences in a pollinating seed-consumer interaction. (2/76)

Interspecific interactions can affect population dynamics and the evolution of species traits by altering demographic rates such as reproduction and survival. The influence of mutualism on population processes is thought to depend on both the benefits and costs of the interaction. However, few studies have explicitly quantified both benefits and costs in terms of demographic rates; furthermore there has been little consideration as to how benefits and costs depend on the demographic effects of factors extrinsic to the interaction. I studied how benefits (pollination) and costs (larval fruit consumption) of pollinating seed-consumers (senita moths) affect the reproduction of senita cacti and how these effects may rely on extrinsic water limitation for reproduction. Fruit initiation was not limited by moth pollination, but survival of initiated fruit increased when moth eggs were removed from flowers. Watered cacti produced more flowers and initiated more fruit from hand-pollinated flowers than did unwatered cacti, but fruit initiation remained low despite excess pollen. Even though water, pollination and larvae each affected a component of cactus reproduction, when all of these factors were included in a factorial experiment, pollination and water determined rates of reproduction. Counter-intuitively, larval fruit consumption had a negligible effect on cactus reproduction. By quantifying both benefits and costs of mutualism in terms of demographic rates, this study demonstrates that benefits and costs can be differentially influential to population processes and that interpretation of their influences can depend on demographic effects of factors extrinsic to the interaction.  (+info)

Allozyme diversity and genetic structure of the leafy cactus (Pereskia guamacho [Cactaceae]). (3/76)

We examined levels of genetic variation and genetic structure in the leafy cactus (Pereskia guamacho) in arid and semiarid zones in Venezuela. We surveyed genetic diversity within 17 populations using 19 allozyme loci. Genetic diversity was relatively high at both the species (P(s) = 89%, A(s) = 3.26, AP(s) = 3.53, H(es) = 0.24) and population (P(p) = 63%, A(p) = 1.90, AP(p) = 2.42, H(ep) = 0.20) levels. A significant deficit of heterozygote individuals was detected within populations in the Paraguana Peninsula region (F(IS) = 0.301). Relatively low levels of population differentiation were detected at macrogeographic (G(ST) = 0.112) and regional levels (G(ST) = 0.044 for peninsula region and G(ST) = 0.074 for mainland region), suggesting substantial genetic exchange among populations; however, gene flow in this species seems to be regulated by the distance among populations. Overall, estimates of genetic diversity found in P. guamacho are concordant with the pattern observed for other cacti surveyed, namely high levels of polymorphism and genetic diversity with one common allele and several rare alleles per locus. Differences in gene dispersal systems between this species and other cacti studied were not reflected in the patterns of genetic diversity observed. The concentration of the highest estimates of genetic variation in northwestern Venezuela suggests a potential reservoir of plant genetic diversity within xerophilous ecosystems in northern South America.  (+info)

Initial net CO2 uptake responses and root growth for a CAM community placed in a closed environment. (4/76)

To help understand carbon balance between shoots and developing roots, 41 bare-root crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) plants native to the Sonoran Desert were studied in a glass-panelled sealable room at day/night air temperatures of 25/15 degrees C. Net CO(2) uptake by the community of Agave schottii, Carnegia gigantea, Cylindropuntia versicolor, Ferocactus wislizenii and Opuntia engelmannii occurred 3 weeks after watering. At 4 weeks, the net CO(2) uptake rate measured for south-east-facing younger parts of the shoots averaged 1.94 micro mol m(-2) s(-1) at night, considerably higher than the community-level nocturnal net CO(2) uptake averaged over the total shoot surface, primarily reflecting the influences of surface orientation on radiation interception (predicted net CO(2) uptake is twice as high for south-east-facing surfaces compared with all compass directions). Estimated growth plus maintenance respiration of the roots averaged 0.10 micro mol m(-2) s(-1) over the 13-week period, when the community had a net carbon gain from the atmosphere of 4 mol C while the structural C incorporated into the roots was 23 mol. Thus, these five CAM species diverted all net C uptake over the 13-week period plus some existing shoot C to newly developing roots. Only after sufficient roots develop to support shoot water and nutrient requirements will the plant community have net above-ground biomass gains.  (+info)

The genetic structure of a columnar cactus with a disjunct distribution: Stenocereus gummosus in the Sonoran desert. (5/76)

Stenocereus gummosus is a columnar cactus endemic to the Sonoran desert that exhibits a disjunct distribution: it is widely distributed in Baja California and restricted to a small coastal area in mainland Sonora. In this paper, we examine the genetic structure and the mating system of this species in order to explore the origin of the disjunction and describe aspects of the pollination biology. Flowers are nocturnal, pollinated mainly by sphingids and self-incompatible. Polymorphism for allozymes (11 loci) was relatively high (P=75%) but moderate levels of heterozygosity were detected (H(o)=0.103 and H(e)=0.261). Sonoran populations exhibited higher levels of genetic variation than peninsular populations. H(e) declined with latitude when just peninsular and two island populations are included. Substantial levels of inbreeding within populations (f=0.60), moderate differentiation among populations (theta=0.10), and no evidence of isolation by distance were detected. The neighbor-joining phenogram showed Sonoran and island populations nested within peninsular populations. Mainland populations showed greater genetic similarity to island populations, supporting a dispersal hypothesis for the origin of the disjunction. Future studies using DNA markers are suggested in order to better understand the forces that have shaped the genetic structure of this species.  (+info)

Effects of benomyl and drought on the mycorrhizal development and daily net CO2 uptake of a wild platyopuntia in a rocky semi-arid environment. (6/76)

The effects of drought and the fungicide benomyl on a wild platyopuntia, Opuntia robusta Wendl., growing in a rocky semi-arid environment were assessed. Cladode phosphorus content, cladode water potential and daily net CO2 uptake were measured monthly in 2000 and 2001 before, during and after the summer rainy period. During 2000, the formation of new roots and new cladodes was severely suppressed in response to a prolonged drought, impairing the development of the symbiotic relationship between the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and the roots. Hence no effect of benomyl application was observed on daily carbon assimilation by this Crassulacean acid metabolism plant. During 2001, drought was interrupted, and new cladodes and roots were formed in response to rainfall. Benomyl was highly effective in suppressing root colonization by AM-fungi; however, daily C assimilation was reduced by benomyl application only in October. Thus, the inhibition of AM-fungal colonization by benomyl did not affect photosynthesis, water uptake and P uptake under prolonged drought.  (+info)

Chromosome doubling in vine cacti hybrids. (7/76)

We performed reciprocal crosses between the tetraploid Selenicereus megalanthus and the diploid Hylocereus species, H. undatus and H. polyrhizus. S. megalanthus x H. undatus gave rise to viable hexaploids and 6x-aneuploid hybrids rather than to the expected triploids. No genuine hybrids were obtained in the reciprocal cross. The pollen diameter of the tetraploid S. megalanthus varied widely, indicating the occurrence of unreduced gametes, while that of H. undatus pollen was very uniform, indicating an extremely low frequency of unreduced gametes. This finding suggests that the hexaploids were formed by chromosome doubling after the formation of the hybrid triploid zygote rather than by fusion of unreduced gametes of the two species.  (+info)

Comparative molecular population genetics of the Xdh locus in the cactophilic sibling species Drosophila buzzatii and D. koepferae. (8/76)

The Xdh (rosy) gene is one of the best studied in the Drosophila genus from an evolutionary viewpoint. Here we analyze nucleotide variation in a 1875-bp fragment of the second exon of Xdh in Argentinian populations of the cactophilic D. buzzatii and its sibling D. koepferae. The major electrophoretic alleles of D. buzzatii not only lack diagnostic amino acids in the region studied but also differ on average from each other by four to 13 amino acid changes. Our data also suggest that D. buzzatii populations belonging to different phytogeographic regions are not genetically differentiated, whereas D. koepferae exhibits a significant pattern of population structure. The Xdh region studied is twice as polymorphic in D. buzzatii as in D. koepferae. Differences in historical population size or in recombinational environment between species could account for the differences in the level of nucleotide variation. In both species, the Xdh region exhibits a great number of singletons, which significantly departs from the frequency spectrum expected under neutrality for nonsynonymous sites and also for synonymous sites in D. buzzatii. These excesses of singletons could be the signature of a recent population expansion in D. buzzatii, whereas they may be simply explained as the result of negative selection in D. koepferae.  (+info)

There are relatively few annually resolved climate proxies in arid and semi-arid regions. Columnar cactuses are common in these regions and the stable isotopes of carbon and oxygen in durable spines record variations in rainfall, humidity and ecophysiology as they grow in series along the sides of cactuses. Despite their spines, columnar cactuses provide important ecosystem resources and services in drought prone areas, however, the impact that long-term climate variability and infrequent storms (El Niño or tropical storms) have on the ecology and ecophysiology of columnar cactus is less clear. Stable isotopes in trees and corals serve as useful proxies of climate and ecophysiological information, but for cactus we lack the most rudimentary information about the isotopic systems and their links to the environment. Here, we present an isotopic framework that begins with developing semi-empirical mechanistic models of δ¹³C, δ¹⁸O and δ²H variation in saguaro cactuses that link physical ...
Literature cited. Almeida OJG, Cota-Sánchez JH, Paoli AAS. 2013. The systematic significance of floral morphology, nectaries, and nectar concentration in epiphytic cacti of tribes Hylocereeae and Rhipsalideae (Cactaceae). Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 15: 255-268. DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.ppees.2013.08.001 [ Links ] Almeida OJG, Sartori-Paoli AA, Souza LA. 2010. Flower morpho-anatomy in Epiphyllum phyllanthus (Cactaceae). Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 81: 65-80. DOI: http://doi.org/10.22201/ib.20078706e.2010.001.185 [ Links ] Álvarez R, Godínez-Álvarez H, Guzmán U, Dávila P. 2004. Aspectos ecológicos de dos cactáceas mexicanas amenazadas: implicaciones para su conservación. Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México 75: 7-16. DOI: http://doi.org/10.17129/botsci.1690 [ Links ] Anderson EF. 2001. The Cactus Family. Oregon: Timber Press Portland. ISBN: 978-0881924985 [ Links ] Arias S, Sánchez-Martínez E. 2010. Una especie nueva de Strombocactus ...
Znajdziecie tu wiadomości związane z roślinami a tym samym z nauką o nich - botaniką. Blog będzie zawierał najwięcej informacji o rodzinach Cactaceae (kaktusowatych), Apocynaceae (toinowatych) oraz Rosaceae (różowatych). Można na nim znaleźć linki do ciekawych artykułów w światowym internecie, spisy treści pism botanicznych oraz zdjęcia roślin. W przyszłości na tym blogu znajdziecie ciekawą literaturę specjalistyczną oraz definicje wielu ciekawych pojęć związanych z roślinnością. Zapraszam. ...
Karyotype analyses in members of the four Cactaceae subfamilies were performed. Numbers and karyotype formula obtained were: Pereskioideae = Pereskiaaculeata(2n = 22; 10 m + 1 sm), Maihuenioideae = Maihuenia patagonica (2n = 22, 9 m + 2 sm; 2n = 44, 18 m + 4 sm), Opuntioideae = Cumulopuntia recurvat …
Estimating all three cells of networks - sites, The Cactaceae. Т.1 busbar and rX - the st are the Symposium and field of the boundary, the validation become both to forecast and encourage lectures, and the likely times to which experiences can send accompanied, using eighteenth concentration, projector of distribution, particle sample and tagasaste pp.. infectious biophotons, much especially as windfalls in a stock of detectors comparative as AbstractNo and utility, will work this investment exhausted subject. This alone publishing role is approximately inadequate and European pleasures.
Free Online Library: Pitahaya (Hylocereus spp.): a short review/Pitaya (Hylocereus spp.): uma revisao. by Comunicata Scientiae; Agricultural industry Native Americans Plantations Real estate industry
Our results indicate that autopolyploidization was accompanied by negative effects, leading to overall disadvantages in plant fitness. These disadvantages included impaired pollen and seed viability, reduced seed germination, smaller fruit size, and lower tetrad number. As expected for such significant morphological and cytological modifications, there were also metabolic changes in the fruits and seeds following genome doubling. In both these tissues, the concentrations of sugars decreased, together with significant increases in the relative abundance of amino acids, TCA cycle intermediates, and organic acids. Targeted analysis of secondary metabolites in the fruit pulp revealed increased abundance of several flavonoids together with decreases in the concentrations of the major betacyanins.. Since plant cell size is correlated with genome size, it may be said that polyploidization is associated with an overall increase in the sizes of cells, tissues and organs [44]. Alterations in cellular ...
This bat roosts in caves, mines and in some cases in abandoned buildings and tunnels, often in colonies of several thousand. It emerges about an hour after sunset to feed on cactus fruit, nectar and pollen of plants in several families (Agavaceae, Cactaceae, Bombacaceae; Fleming and Nassar 2002). It lands on the flowers or may hover for short periods to feed. Night roosts, including buildings, are used after feeding (Reid 1997). It is associated with thorn scrubs, spiny forests and dry forests, and is highly dependent on columnar cacti and agaves (Fleming and Nassar 2002, Nassar et al. 2003). The ecosystem is restricted, fragmented throughout its range, and mostly outside protected areas in all countries. This species is keystone in its ecosystem as a long-distance pollinator and seed disperser of agave and columnar cacti (and other plants associated with the habitat type). Direct and indirect evidence indicate that this species is migratory, however, not all subpopulations migrate annually ...
Seedlings grow very slowly during their first few years and are extremely vulner-able. They are tiny, heat- and frost- tender, soft-spined canteens. Rodents, rabbits, and birds eat the seedlings they can find, and many others succumb to desiccation or winter freezes. Nearly all survivors are located beneath the canopies of nurse plants, where they are sheltered from weather extremes and concealed from herbivores. Most desert plant species not only saguaros must begin life under nurse plants. Creosote bush, bursage, and desert zinnia are among the few perennials that can successfully establish in fully exposed sites.. Even in the shelter of nurse plants, most saguaro seedlings perish from drought, frost, or predation. Significant establishment of seedlings requires several consecutive years of milder and wetter-than-average weather. Such conditions occur only a few times a century in Arizona Upland, and even less frequently in the Lower Colorado River Valley community. This results in saguaro ...
Many of the genera within the Opuntioideae are not monophyletic. Maihueniopsis is highly polyphyletic, appearing in four separate lineages. The two largest genera within the subfamily, Opuntia and Cylindropuntia are also not monophyletic. The classification of the Opuntioideae is thus uncertain as of March 2012[update]; Griffith and Porter say that changes in classification will require broad information (of multiple data types) regarding all species of opuntioid cacti.[8] The ICSG classification divides the subfamily Cactoideae into nine tribes. However, phylogenetic research has not supported most of these tribes, nor even the genera of which they are composed. A 2011 study found that an extraordinarily high proportion of genera were not monophyletic, including 22 (61%) of the 36 genera in the subfamily Cactoideae sampled in the research.[4] Of the nine tribes recognized within Cactoideae, one, Calymmantheae, comprises a single genus, Calymmanthium.[2] Of the remaining eight, only two ...
APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: eudicots • Cladus: core eudicots • Cladus: superasterids • Ordo: Caryophyllales • Familia: Cactaceae • Subfamilia: Cactoideae • Tribus: Trichocereeae • Genus: Echinopsis • Species: Echinopsis schieliana (Backeb.) D.R. Hunt ...
How specialist bees distinguish their host plants from co-blooming non-hosts is not well understood, but it is thought that they may be physiologically limited in their ability to recognize the majority of visual and olfactory cues presented by flowering plants. Species in the genus Diadasia collect pollen from just one of five plant families: Cactaceae, Malvaceae, Onagraceae, Asteraceae, and Convolvulaceae. Assuming a common ancestor for all Diadasia specialized on just one plant, this indicates host-switches in the past, and an ability to recognize more than one flowering plant. I hypothesized that host plants of Diadasia share the same visual and olfactory cues, thus enabling past host-switching to novel plant families, and that co-blooming non-hosts are highly dissimilar in terms of scent and visual appearance. I determined the compounds associated with the scent of Malvaceae and Cactaceae host flowers of North American Diadasia. I also evaluated visual cues for these flowers by measuring
Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2016). An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV (PDF). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181 (1): 1-20. doi:10.1111/boj.12385. ISSN 00244074. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/boj.12385/epdf. ...
Organ pipe cactus (Stenocereus thurberi) in a desert. Photographed at the Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona, USA. - Stock Image B620/0451
Cody, M.L., The Unified Neutral Theory of Biodiversity and Biogeograpy, (S.P. Hubbell, Princeton Univ. Press). Plant Syst. Evol, 231 : 259-260 (2002) .. Cody, M.L., Rebman, J. Moran, R., & Thompson, H.J., The Plants. Ch.4 in Case et al., New Island Biogeography in the Sea of Cortez, Oxford University Press. Publish Date 9/02, 231 : 63-111 (2002) .. Cody, M.L.& Velarde, M.E., The Land Birds. Ch. 10 in Case et al., New Island Biogeography in the Sea of Cortez, Oxford University Press. Date 9/02, 231 : 271-312 (2002) .. Case, T.J., Cody, M.L. and Ezcurra, E. (eds.), New Island Biogeography of the Sea Cortez, Oxford University Press, 231 : - (2002) .. Cody, M.L. & Koehler, G., Notes on Phyllobates lugubris O. Schmidt, 1857 in Nicaragua-Herpetozoa, Wien, 14 (3/4) : 170-171 (2002) .. Cody, M.L., Growth Form Variations in Columnar Cacti (Cactaceae:Pachycereeae), In: T.Fleming & A. Valiente Banuet (eds.) Columnar Cact and Their Mutualists. The University of Arizona Press, 8 : 164-188 (2002) ...
Seasonal reliance on plant-based resources is very uncommon in temperate insectivorous bats. The pallid bat (Antrozous pallidus) is an exception and in the Sonoran Desert switches from an arthropod-based diet to one that includes cactus nectar during spring when columnar cacti bloom. Such cactophily is a common strategy among nectar-feeding phyllostomid bats, including migratory Leptonycteris species that consume nectar and fruit from columnar cacti. Spring nectarivory by A. pallidus begs the question of whether they also consume cactus fruit during the summer, despite lacking morphological and physiological adaptations for frugivory. We recorded foraging behavior of bats at 134 fruits of the cardón cactus (Pachycereus pringlei) in Baja California Sur, Mexico, and used stable isotope analysis to quantify incorporation of fruit into the summer diet of A. pallidus. We found that A. pallidus visited cardón fruits just as frequently as the lesser long-nosed bat, Leptonycteris yerbabuenae(51.0% and ...
J. L. Hamrick, Nason, J. D., Fleming, T. H., and Nassar, J. M., Genetic diversity in columnar cacti, Columnar cacti and their mutualists: Evolution, Ecology, and Conservation. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ, pp. 122-133, 2002. ...
In botany, succulent plants, also known as succulents, are plants that have some parts that are more than normally thickened and fleshy, usually to retain water in arid climates or soil conditions. The word succulent comes from the Latin word sucus, meaning juice, or sap. Succulent plants may store water in various structures, such as leaves and stems. Some definitions also include roots, so that geophytes that survive unfavorable periods by dying back to underground storage organs may be regarded as succulents. In horticultural use, the term succulent is often used in a way which excludes plants that botanists would regard as succulents, such as cacti. Succulents are often grown as ornamental plants because of their striking and unusual appearance. Many plant families have multiple succulents found within them (over 25 plant families). In some families, such as Aizoaceae, Cactaceae, and Crassulaceae, most species are succulents. The habitats of these water preserving plants are often in ...
Fusarium oxysporum was isolated from both Christmas and Easter cacti showing symptoms of basal stem and root rot. Fourteen cultivars of Christmas cactus and three of Easter cactus developed basal stem and root rot after inoculation with an isolate of F. oxysporum from Christmas cactus. Treatment of Christmas cactus cladode transplants with benomyl protected them from infection. No protection was offered by allowing cladodes to air-dry before transplanting.. Keyword(s): Cactaceae, chemical control, Rhipsalidopsis, Zygocactus.. ...
There are approximately 150 genera in the Cactaceae family. They are further divided into three subgroups or tribes. These are Pereskieae, Opunitieae and Cactoidea. Most cacti fall into the Cactoidea subgroup. Two genera, Pereskia and Maihueniahe Persicae make up the subgroup. Cacti in these genera have woody stems and persistent or semideciduous leaves. The areoles are spiny and woolly at the leaf axils. The cacti also have pendulous flowers and fleshy fruit. The Opunitieae are the prickly pear varieties -- Pereskiopsis, Pterocactus, Quiabentia, Tacinga. These varieties have fleshy, branches; the areoles always have fine hairs and the leaves are flat or cylindrical. The fruit is a seedy berry.. ...
Excessive free radical production will lead to oxidative stress. One of the indicators used to determine stress oxidative is malondialdehyde (MDA). Hylocereus polyhizus peel is potential used natural exogenous antioxidant. The aim of this research was to study the effect of n-hexane fraction of H.polyhizus peel on MDA level and to determine the dose that could reduce the MDA level. H.polyhizus peel was macerated with chloroform, fractionated with n-Hexane. Rats were divided into 7 groups : normal, negative, positive control vitamin E (18 mg/ kgbw), positive control quercetin (4 mg/200gbw), H.polyhizus peel extract group treated with dose I (10mg/ 200gbw), dose II (20 mg/200gbw) and dose III (40 mg/200gbw). Each group consist of 4 rats and induced to oxidative stress by 10 minute swimming each day and food restriction for 5 days. Measurement of MDA level are using Spectrophotometer UV-Vis in 532 nm. MDA levels were analyzed using One way Anova and LSD test. The data shown that MDA level at normal,
Sun Corridor Inc., the Tucson regions main economic development agency, tried to get Amazons attention by offering a 21-foot sahuaro to Amazon founder Jeff Bezos in Seattle. The gift was declined and regifted to the Arizona Sonora Desert Museum. Arizona Daily Star 10/21/17. Amazon, promising a dowry of 50,000 jobs, is searching for the perfect match among 238 suitors for a second headquarters. In meeting Amazons October 19 proposal deadline, Tucson threw a saguaro into the ring.. In a publicity stunt questionable as a viable way of positively influencing Amazons decision, the important issue now is, will the cactus survive?. The success rate of saguaro transplants is inversely related to the size of the plant. The smaller, younger plants have a much greater chance of survival, according to Jim Elliott, owner of Arizona Cactus Sales, Inc., Chandler, Az. Over more than four decades, Elliott has relocated a fair number of saguaros.. In fact, he says, it is almost impossible to kill a ...
The purification of thermo-acidic amylase enzyme from red pitaya (Hylocereus polyrhizus) peel for the first time was investigated using a novel aqueous two-phase system (ATPS) consisting of a thermo-separating copolymer and an organic solvent. The effectiveness of different parameters such as molecular weight of the thermo-separating ethylene oxide-propylene oxide (EOPO) copolymer and type and concentration of organic solvent on the partitioning behavior of amylase was investigated. In addition, the effects of phase components, volume ratio (VR), pH and crude load of purification factor and yield of amylase were evaluated to achieve the optimum partition conditions of the enzyme. In the novel ATPS method, the enzyme was satisfactorily partitioned into the polymer-rich top phase in the system composed of 30% (w/w) EOPO 2500 and 15% (w/w) 2-propanol, at a volume ratio of 1.94 and with a crude load scale of 25% (w/w) at pH 5.0. Recovery and recycling of components was also measured in each successive step
More than most plants, the cactus seems perfectly suited to life in an arid climate. The cactus, especially the saguaro, has become emblematic of the American southwest. Eleven species of cactus are found in Canyonlands, though the saguaro is not one of them.. Cacti are plants that have succulent stems, pads or branches with scales and spines instead of leaves. Cactus pads are actually modified stems with a waxy coating. The prickly spines are modified leaves that break up the evaporative winds blowing across pad surfaces, and help shade the stem. Root systems are usually broad and shallow, and rainwater is soaked up quickly. Small rain roots actually grow as soon as soil is moistened by rain, and later dry up.. All plants photosynthesize, collecting carbon dioxide through holes in their leaves called stomata and converting it into sugar and oxygen. Cacti utilize CAM photosynthesis, a process unique to succulents. In CAM photosynthesis, stomata open only at night when the plant is relatively ...
Abstract: This study is part of an effort to establish a baseline assessment of the biotic condition of the City of Scottsdales McDowell Sonoran Preserve. The study area is in northeastern Scottsdale and includes the McDowell Mountain range and areas to the north of the range. In total, 379 taxa in 61 families were identified between February 2011 and September 2013. The McDowell Sonoran Conservancys Field Institute trained volunteer citizen scientists to participate in collecting specimens for the study. Seedbank samples were collected and cultivated in a greenhouse to simulate a wet spring season. Plant families with the largest presence in the preserve include Asteraceae (65 taxa), Poaceae (49), Fabaceae (19), Boraginaceae (22), and Cactaceae (17). Major biotic communities were identified and described. ...
A cactus ( Cactaceae spp. ) is similar to a house cat. Although it requires very little from you, it is not completely self-sufficient. A plant that is wilting or turning brown is begging for attention. You can revive the plant by finding and correcting the problem.
Cacti belong to a large family of plants, the Cactaceae. Relatively little is known about the medicinal effects of cacti, but at least some are known to be medicinally active. For example, prickly pears (Opuntia spp.) are known to possess antioxidant compounds called betalains. A recent Italian study (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15277160&query_hl=1) showed that supplementation with prickly pear has a strong effect on free radicals (the harmful compounds) in the body and that this antioxidant effect is different from the effect of vitamin C, a well-known antioxidant. Another recent study (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15226168&query_hl=1) showed that a prickly pear extract can reduce the risk of a severe hangover from alcohol consumption by a half. Yet another study ...
APG IV Classification: Domain: Eukaryota • (unranked): Archaeplastida • Regnum: Plantae • Cladus: angiosperms • Cladus: eudicots • Cladus: core eudicots • Cladus: superasterids • Ordo: Caryophyllales • Familia: Cactaceae • Subfamilia: Opuntioideae • Genus: Cylindropuntia • Species: Cylindropuntia ramosissima (Engelm.) F.M. Knuth ...
Revista Internacional de BOTANICA EXPERIMENTAL International Journal of EXPERIMENTAL BOTANY Fundada en 1951 por Founded 1951 by Miguel Raggio & Nora Moro de Raggio Editor Fundador: Dr. Miguel Raggio Editor
Znajdziecie tu wiadomości związane z roślinami a tym samym z nauką o nich - botaniką. Blog będzie zawierał najwięcej informacji o rodzinach Cactaceae (kaktusowatych), Apocynaceae (toinowatych) oraz Rosaceae (różowatych). Można na nim znaleźć linki do ciekawych artykułów w światowym internecie, spisy treści pism botanicznych oraz zdjęcia roślin. W przyszłości na tym blogu znajdziecie ciekawą literaturę specjalistyczną oraz definicje wielu ciekawych pojęć związanych z roślinnością. Zapraszam. ...
Macromerine is a phenethylamine derivative. It was first identified from the cactus Coryphantha macromeris.[1] It can also be found in C. runyonii,[2] C. elephantidens, and other related members of the family Cactaceae. The plants may have been used by Tarahumara shamans for their entheogenic effects.[speculation?] ...
Cite this page: Rebutia karrerii Text available under a CC-BY-SA Creative Commons Attribution License. www.llifle.com 14 Nov. 2005. 11 Dec 2017. ,/Encyclopedia/CACTI/Family/Cactaceae/5005/Rebutia_karrerii ...
Shop Official Mark Ashkenazi Banana Life Cactus Hybrid Case For Apple Iphone 6 / 6S (A_F_1A708) at Staples. Choose from our wide selection of Official Mark Ashkenazi Banana Life Cactus Hybrid Case For Apple Iphone 6 / 6S (A_F_1A708) and get fast & free shipping on select orders.
This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Gymnocalycium (family Cactaceae). The record derives from WCSP (in review) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details ...
Arias, S. & al. (2005) Phylogenetic relationships in Peniocereus (Cactaceae) inferred from plastid DNA sequence data. Journal of Plant Research 118 (5): 317-328 ...
25. Cotton blotches on Cactus are evidence of scale insects that make these cottony patches to cover themselves.. 26. The Cochineal scale insect produces carmine dye, and is used as the red dye in foods and cosmetics. Today, red dye is made synthetically as well.. 27. If poked with a stick, sure enough, a red color oozes from the cottony mass.This dye made the red in British uniforms, the Red Coats. Imagine collecting enough of these to dye one uniform.. 28, 29. Not all cactus appearing plants are in the Cactaceae family. Some spiny cactus are in Euphorbiaceae. Cactaceae differ by also having small circles with tiny spines.. 30. Poncirus trifoliata, mock orange, has spines as thick as thorns, and are in the axils of leaves. This plant has small poisonous fruits, causes rashes, blindness, and is invasive!. 31. Mock orange is the rootstock of most orange and grapefruit trees. If a frost kills the grafted tree, the base spouts, and the new stems with long spines have trifoliate leaves while ...
Office: Biological Sci, Lab 110. Phone: +27 46 603 8098. Email: [email protected] PhD Rhodes University (2010). Iain completed his PhD at Rhodes University in 2010. He is currently working on developing new biological control agents for the invasive alien plant, Pereskia aculeata (Cactaceae), commonly referred to as Barbados gooseberry. He has imported two new promising agents for biological control of the weed and has been conducting host specificity testing on both species. The Pereskia stem-wilter, is now designated safe for release in South Africa and will be released soon. The main focus of his job will then change to monitoring the success of the agent in the field and determining whether more biological control agents are required.. He also uses genetic techniques to identify where alien invasive plants originate. By knowing where invasive alien populations originate it is possible to identify the best place to look for biological control agents.. ...
A suitable reference gene is an important prerequisite for guarantying accurate and reliable results in quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analyses. However, there is no absolute universality in reference genes among different species. Its hard to find an ideal reference gene to fit for different tissues and growth periods. Pitaya (Hylocereus) is commercially produced as a new fruit crop at a large scale in tropical and subtropical regions. To date, there is no report on the identification of the most reliable reference genes for qRT-PCR normalization in pitaya. In this study, six candidate reference genes i.e. Actin(1), GAPDH, UBC(1), UBC(2) EF1-α(1) and histone(1) were selected from thirty-nine typical candidate reference genes to determine the most stable reference genes for qRT-PCR normalization in different tissues, temperature stresses and fruit developmental stages of pitaya. Among the six candidate reference genes, Actin(1) and EF1-α(1) were the most stable gene according to calculations of
The present volume covering the Crassulaceae marks the completion of the successful handbook series that presents a complete coverage of the so-called other succulents, i.e. of all taxa of suc- culent plants with the exception of the Cactaceae. It is with pride that this volume is now put before
Los Cactus son miembros de la familia Cactaceae. Su apariencia característica es el resultado de adaptaciones para la conservación de agua en ambientes calurosos y/o secos. En la mayoría de las especies, el tallo ha evolucionado para transformarse en el sector de la planta donde se efectúa la fotosíntesis y el almacenaje del preciado líquido elemento, mientras que las hojas se han convertido en espinas (en aquellos miembros que aún las conservan, las hojas son de forma alesnada y apenas miden de 1-3 mm de largo). Muchas especies son empleadas con fines ornamentales, otras para el forraje, por sus tallos y frutos y para uso medicinal. Todos los cactus son nativos del continente Americano y su distribución abarca desde la Patagonia hasta el sur de Canadá. Sin embargo, las zonas de mayor diversidad se concentran en el norte de México y las regiones tropicales de Argentina y Bolivia. Rhipsalis baccifera sería una excepción, dado que también es nativa del Viejo Continente, creciendo ...
An organ pipe cactus (Stenocereus thurberi) and a saguaro (Cereus giganteus) being nurse cactuses to each other at Grass Canyon in Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona, in February. Also visible are creosote bushes (Larrea tridentata) and chollas (Opuntia fulgida). - Stock Image C023/6949
Abstract:. Introduction: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) are drugs that can control hypertension. Pereskia saccharose Griseb. leaves have been used traditionally as antihypertensive. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the antihypertensive activity through inhibition of ACE activity, the total phenolic content and total flavonoid content of the ethanolic extract of Pereskia saccharose Griseb. leaves and its fractions. Methods: Extraction was done by maceration with 80% ethanol and fractionation performed by liquid-liquid partition. Results: In vitro ACE inhibitory activity assay of the ethanolic extract using ACE Kit-WST Dojindo had IC50 value of 3.448 μg/mL and ethyl acetate fraction had IC50 value of 1.714 x 10-3 μg/mL. Ethyl acetate contained the highest amounts of both TPC (72.991 ± 0.932 mg GAE/g sample) and TFC (61.337 ± 1.612 mg QE/g sample). Conclusion: The results suggest that Pereskia saccharose Griseb. possess ACE inhibitory activity.. ...
In the year after Krakatoa, summer temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere fell 1.2⁰C below average. The eruption violently disgorged tons of ash and sulfur dioxide gas into the stratosphere. Dust particles and sulfuric acid droplets rode winds through the upper atmosphere, conspiring in a haze that reflected sunshine and lowered global temperatures. Though not as disruptive as the year without a summer that followed the eruption of Mount Tambora in 1815, Krakatoas influence was seen and felt around the globe in vivid sunsets and stormy weather. Southern California experienced a water year of record rainfall. Sulfate aerosols in particular can hang out in the atmosphere for years, and Krakatoa released an unusual abundance of sulfur. Typical temperature and weather patterns did not recover for years. For the saguaro, the perturbations appear to have amounted to a collection of just right conditions for new growth.. I started noticing that these saguaro age cohorts followed notable ...
Experts in Finding Rare Objects & Art for Your Collecting Interests. A BEAUTIFUL AND IMPRESSIVE ANTIQUE CEREMONIAL LLIJJLLA OF YURA INDIAN ORIGIN FROM POTOSÍ, BOLIVIA. Origin: Field-collected in Chaquilla Village, Yura Municipal (formerly Cantón Yura), elevation about 11,300 feet, inter-Andean valleys of the Eastern Andean Cordillera, Antonio Quijarro Province, Department of Potosí, Bolivia, South America. The ethnic group from where the textile originates is called Yurajj (Yura), or White, possibly in reference to warriors´ facial paint worn historically. The Yura Indians are among the most traditional of Andes Native Americans and occupy what until recently was an isolated part of the Potosí highlands incorporating fertile valleys with crystal clear streams, thorny-scrub hills, sandy plains, low-canopy forests and steep canyons studded with columnar cactus. The diversity of ecological zones permitted equally varied forms of environmental adaptations.. Some Yura communities specialize in ...
Saguaro Day Spa will hold a one-day Basic Animal Communication workshop with Lynn Schuster on Aug. 13, 10 am - 5 pm. Participants should arrive by 9:45 am. Through a meditative process, Schuster can hear and sense what animals would like to tell us. She is able to speak to all animals, including those who have passed. In this class she will teach participants the method she uses. Bring an open mind and a photo or your animal. There are many things to learn by connecting with your animals: if your animal is experiencing physical pain, fear or anxiety; how they are feeling emotionally; what your animals life was like before they came to live with you; and for animals who have died, what it was like to transition and what its like now.. The class fee is $150. Saguaro Day Spa is located at 3899 Old Highway Road, Sturgeon Bay. For more information or to register, call 920.743.5380.. ...
Best stories, art and poetry about sonoran desert. Authors who write about sonoran desert. Other Red Fez members intersted in sonoran desert.
Who wants to eat a cactus? Just about everyone in the world wants this particular cactus. You may not have heard about the Cactus diet but most people have heard about Hoodia.. The basis of the Cactus diet is a substance called Hoodia. Several diet pills on the market claim to contain the substance. Hoodia is the name of a rather ugly cactus that grows in the Kalahari region of Africa. The Bushmen that live there use the Hoodia cactus, specifically Hoodia Gordonii, to keep them from getting hungry on long hunting trips.. The native tribes eat the plant and can survive for days on little or nothing to eat while they search for food. The Hoodia cactus suppresses their desire to eat. It fools the brain into thinking that they are already full.. The discovery of this plant sent pharmaceutical companies after the secret to stopping the obesity epidemic. Taking Hoodia is supposed to suppress the appetite and therefore lead to weight loss. When hunger does start to kick in, Hoodia users can eat ...
Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico have joined members of the National Park Service in an attempt to find out if air pollution is a possible culprit in the declining saguaro cactus forests of Arizona. The saguaro is the tall cactus with upraised arms that is almost the living symbol of southern Arizona and the neighboring desert of Sonora, Mexico.
IBARGUCHI MENDIA, María de los Ángeles (2008) Toxinas cry de bacillus thuringiensis (berliver) para el control de las plagas de algón. Earias insulana (beisduval) yhelicorecpa armígera (hubner). PhD thesis, UPNA.. Texto completo no está disponible desde este repositorio ...
ANTI-ELASTASE, ANTI-COLLAGENASE AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF THE UNDERUTILIZED RED PITAYA PEEL: AN IN VITRO STUDY FOR ANTI-AGING APPLICATIONS
How can I get my Easter (Sunrise), Christmas, Thanksgiving cactus to bloom? The plants known as Holiday Cactus, Lobster Cactus, Xmas Cactus, Sunrise Cactus, and many other names, belong to several genera...
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Dorsal soft rays (total): 106-111; Anal soft rays: 91 - 96; Vertebrae: 55 - 58. This species is distinguished from all its congeners, except S. hondoensis and S. undatus, by its predominant 1-2-3-2-2 ID pattern. It also differs from both abovementioned species in having smaller eye (5.3-7.9% HL vs. 11.0-14.9% HL in S. hondoensis and 11.5-13.8% HL in S. undatus). This species further differs from S. hondoensis in having 9 abdominal vertebrae (vs. 10). S. megasomus is also distinguished from S. undatus, by having higher fin-ray counts, 106-111 dorsal-fin rays and 91-96 anal-fin rays (vs. 101-105 dorsal-fin rays and 87-91 anal-fin rays) and a uniform straw-colored to dark brown ocular-side coloration (vs. freckled ocular-side pigmentation) (Ref. 82423). ...
Free Online Library: Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties of Cactus Pear (Opuntia) Seed Oils.(Research Article, Report) by Journal of Food Quality; Food and beverage industries Anti-infective agents Analysis Antioxidants Antioxidants (Nutrients) Esters Mass spectrometry Varieties Pears Saturated fatty acids Seeds Unsaturated fatty acids Vegetable oils Nutritional aspects
If there are any terrestrial snails that live in arid Sonoran Desert scrub, I have never seen them. I have no idea where this former snail might have originated, but I found the shell on a rocky hillside under a Saguaro. I wonder if it might have been dropped by a bird either living in the Saguaro or with a nest among its arms.. Update from AÖrstan at Snails Tales:. ...
Discover the LA-based brand and creator/founder that Charlize Theron considers her go to. Robin McDonalds passion and care for the wellness of skin is evident in KINDris mantra which is to not only be kind to your skin but the earth as well.. The cactus is living out its fame lately in pop culture. Mini cacti are becoming the new house plant while images of this prickly plant adorn our clothing, bedding and linens. Perhaps its time to look at this desert-dweller for its health benefits rather than the bedroom theme we swoon over at IKEA.. McDonald points out that potent cactus oil secretions in KINDri Skin Care naturally increase cellular turnover while strengthening your skins ability to take on the elements and stresses of everyday life. Ingredients like organic prickly pear cactus seed oil have multiple anti-aging properties that stimulate collagen and hydrate and plump skin.. Experience this cruelty-free brands collection of oils, creams, mists and cleansers for skin that thrives from ...
The effect of the inclusion of spineless cactus [0, 14.7, 29.4, 44.1, and 58.8% of Dry Matter (DM)] basis in replacement of Tifton hay on the intake and digestibility of nutrients, feeding behavior, and nitrogen compounds balance were evaluated. Five crossbred steers, rumen fistulated, with average body weight of 380±5.3 kg were assigned to a 5×5 Latin square design. The time spent with rumination activity linearly decreased (P| 0.05) with the inclusion of spineless cactus; and the feeding time showed a quadratic effect (P| 0.05), with a minimum time of 195 min d-1 estimated with 35.7% of spineless cactus inclusion. The nutrient intake showed a quadratic effect (P| 0.05), with a maximum intake of DM (8.9 kg d-1), Crude Protein (CP; 1.4 kg d-1), and Digestible Organic Matter (DOM; 5.8 kg d-1) estimated with 33.9, 29.9, and 41.8% of spineless cactus inclusion, respectively. Except (P| 0.05) to Neutral Detergent Fiber corrected to ash and protein (apNDF), the total digestibility of DM linearly increased
Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. ...
The scope of this page is to provide links to information and images of most or all of the plant species native to the Sonoran Desert of southwestern Arizona. Currently, not all the species in this region are on the list, but more will be added from time to time. Information and images for species already on the list are continually being added and updated. Because of this, be sure to check back occasionally.. The plant identification page and the plant images are meant to be only a first step in the identification process. In spite of our best efforts, it is not possible to insure that 100% accuracy in identifying unknown plants can be obtained by using search keys and photographs. When it is of critical importance to be absolutely sure of the identification of a plant, a specimen must be examined by a professional botanist and verified at a recognized herbarium.. * Specie page has photos.. Questions and comments are encouraged. If you have any of these or are in disagreement with any ...
The scope of this page is to provide links to information and images of most or all of the plant species native to the Sonoran Desert of southwestern Arizona. Currently, not all the species in this region are on the list, but more will be added from time to time. Information and images for species already on the list are continually being added and updated. Because of this, be sure to check back occasionally.. The plant identification page and the plant images are meant to be only a first step in the identification process. In spite of our best efforts, it is not possible to insure that 100% accuracy in identifying unknown plants can be obtained by using search keys and photographs. When it is of critical importance to be absolutely sure of the identification of a plant, a specimen must be examined by a professional botanist and verified at a recognized herbarium.. * Specie page has photos.. Questions and comments are encouraged. If you have any of these or are in disagreement with any ...
The definition of a succulent is: a plant adapted to arid conditions and characterized by fleshy water-storing tissues that act as water reservoirs. Succulents are plants with thick, fleshy leaves, as well as cacti.. Succulents are grown for their unique, interesting shapes, stunning flowers and resilience.. Give these plants a sunny window with direct sunlight, the appropriate amount of moisture, some fertilizer and they will grow.. The most important thing to remember when caring for cacti or succulents is that many varieties have a long dormancy period from October to March. During dormancy, it is sufficient to water every six to eight weeks. Watering more often will leave the soil wet, which can cause the plant to rot.. Come March, inside succulents begin to break their long dormancy and again require regular water and fertilizer. At this time of year, the plants are still growing slowly so one application of water and fertilizer once a month is usually sufficient.. Once new growth begins to ...
Photographic image and information about some pale purple, pink or brown flower composites, Asteraceae, in the Arizona Sonoran Desert.
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As of 2010, the cactus moth has not been reported in Texas. However, experts predict that their spread to Texas is expected to occur soon. The cactus moth is so efficient at eliminating Opuntia cacti species that it is used as a biological control agent in areas where Opuntia are invasive. Birds, reptiles, and other insects rely on the cactus as a source of food and shelter. With the decimation and collapse of the native cacti, the surrounding ecosystem could follow suit ...
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Drosophila pachea is a cactophilic fly that feeds and breeds exclusively in necroting tissue of the senita cactus. Based on mitochondrial DNA loci, fly populations are genetically different between the two main regions (Baja and Sonora) of the flys distribution. A single polymorphism Y linked fertility gene exhibit similar genetic patterns of regional differences within the species. Contrasting genetic patterns were observed based on microsatellite markers such that no regional split was identified. The species can be considered as a simple panmictic population along its entire range. High remating frequency was observed in populations of both regions with equal number of offspring per father, suggesting that sperm competition might be limited within the fly populations. However, differential sperm use was observed between populations across the gulf of California. Sonoran male sperm produced more offspring than that of Baja males when females of both regions mated sequentially with males of ...
A small child with arms stretched upwards expects to be scooped up by a loving carer. What does the saguaro cactus expect? Standing tall across the Sonoran Desert of southern Arizona and western Mexico, an army of these cacti giants reach toward a blue sky. They can grow as tall as 40 to 60 feet…
Band 13, Nummer 44, 1845, S. 347 (online). Cactaceae. Jahrbücher der Deutschen Kakteen-Gesellschaft 1941. 1942, S. 12.. ...
Cactaceae. S. 115-120, (online). Yucca, Agave, Hesperaloe. S. 496-497, (online) The Flower of Yucca and its Fertilization. In: ... S. 192, (online). Cactaceae. S 195-209 (online). Daucosma. S. 210-211, (online). - mit Asa Gray Loranthaceae. S. 212-215, ( ... Cactaceae. S. 49-53, (online). Loranthaceae. S. 58-60, (online). Drymaria nodosa. S. 12-13 (online). Talinum calycinum. S. 14 ... S. 438-440, (online). Synopsis of the Cactaceae of the Territory of the United States and Adjacent Regions. In: Proceedings of ...
It did, however, conserve the name Cactaceae, leading to the unusual situation in which the family Cactaceae no longer contains ... It has features considered closest to the ancestors of the Cactaceae. Plants are trees or shrubs with leaves; their stems are ... For a more detailed discussion of the phylogeny of the cacti, see Classification of the Cactaceae. No known fossils of cacti ... A cactus (plural cacti, cactuses, or less commonly, cactus) is a member of the plant family Cactaceae, a family comprising ...
Neuwinger, Hans Dieter (1996). "Cactaceae". African ethnobotany: poisons and drugs: chemistry, pharmacology, toxicology. CRC ... and is in general widespread throughout the Cactaceae. It has also been found in crown gall tumors on Nicotiana sp. In humans, ...
Gustav Fischer publishing house, Stuttgart New York 1883, ISBN 3-437-30382-1 , P. 1881 NL Britton, JN Rose: The Cactaceae. ... The Cactaceae. Courier Dover Publications. p. 153. ISBN 978-0-486-21192-3. Retrieved 3 September 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged ... The Cactaceae: Handbook of cactus science . 2nd Edition. Volume II. ...
The Cactaceae. 4-volume set. Washington, D.C.: The Carnegie Institution, 1919-23. USDA Pomological Watercolor Collection Cactus ... Passmore also painted cacti, and some of her watercolors were printed in a 1919 work entitled The Cactaceae that was published ...
Timber Press ISBN 0-88192-498-9 Bauer, R. (2003) "A synopsis of the tribe Hylocereeae F. Buxb". Cactaceae Syst. Init. 17: 3-63 ... Cactaceae): evidence from hybridization and cytological studies". Ann Bot (Lond) 94(4):527-34. Media related to Selenicereus ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Britton, N. L.; Rose, J. N. (1922). The Cactaceae. Descriptions and Illustrations of ...
Cactaceae Juss. Caryophyllaceae Juss. §Didiereaceae Radlk. Dioncophyllaceae Airy Shaw Droseraceae Salisb. Drosophyllaceae ...
Britton, N. L. and J. N. Rose (1920). The Cactaceae. 2. Washington, D.C: Carnegie Institution of Washington. Turner, R. M.; et ...
Opuntioideae (Cactaceae). Succ. Pl. Res. 6: 9-24. Griffith, M. P. (2003) Grusonia pulchella classification and its impacts on ... Corynopuntia, also known as club chollas (or "perritos" in Mexico), is a genus in the family Cactaceae, established by Knuth in ... Anderson, E. F. (1999) Some nomenclatural changes in the Cactaceae, subfamily Opuntioideae. Cact. Succ. J. (US) 71: 324-325 ... Cactaceae) from Baja California Sur, Mexico. Madrono 53(3):278-281 Donati, D.(2010) Una nuova, eccezionale specie appartenente ...
Pasacana (Cactaceae)". Haseltonia. 11: 18-26. doi:10.2985/1070-0048(2005)11[18:DOFVTE]2.0.CO;2. Hainsworth, F. R.; Wolf, L. L ... Cactaceae), a columnar cactus inhabiting the high subtropical Andes". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 295 (1-4): 129-137. doi: ...
Cactaceae (cactus family). Arizona Sonora Desert Museum. US Forest Service. Index of Species Information. SPECIES: Ferocactus ... "Cactaceae (cactus family)". www.desertmuseum.org. Retrieved 2019-03-23. Fishhook Barrel Cactus Pictures at BioImages. Fishhook ... is a species of flowering plant in the cactus family Cactaceae, native to northern Mexico and the southern United States. It is ...
... , commonly known as the creeping devil, is a member of the family Cactaceae. It is one of the most distinctive ... 124 (1): 123-132 Online Dimmitt, Mark A. (1998). Cactaceae (cactus family). [1] Faucon, Philippe (1998-2005). Creeping Devil ...
Binggeli, P. (2003). "Cactaceae, Opuntia spp., prickly pear, raiketa, rakaita, raketa". In Goodman, S.M.; Benstead, J.P. (eds ...
Cactaceae family 7. Stegnospermataceae family 8. Phytolaccaceae family 9. Petiveriaceae family 10. Gisekiaceae family 11. ...
346 taxa Cactaceae; 1319 taxa The Arboretum at Flagstaff Penstemon (provisional) - Colorado Plateau, Arizona species; 37 taxa ...
The Cactaceae: Descriptions and ... - Google Book Search at books.google.co.za IPNI. Rose. Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. ... and Cactaceae (Cactus Family). He made several field trips to Mexico, and presented specimens to the Smithsonian and the New ... The Cactaceae (1919-1923), illustrated by Mary Emily Eaton (1873-1961). Rose returned to work afterwards at the Smithsonian, ...
International Cactaceae Systematics Group. ISBN 0953813444. Hunt, David, "Appendix I Names and synonyms of the species, ... Cactaceae)", Kew Bulletin, 23 (2): 255-263, doi:10.2307/4108963, JSTOR 4108963 Anderson 2001, p. 286 "Schlumbergera Lem.", ... Cactaceae) and taxonomic implications for Schlumbergera and Hatiora", Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 58 (3): 456-468, ...
Cactaceae (cactus family): 1,500; Araliaceae (Aralia or ivy family): 1,450. Of these, the Orchidaceae, Poaceae, Cyperaceae, ...
2. Description of Forest Trees, and No 3 (co-authored with Engelmann, George). Description of the Cactaceae. IN Reports of ...
Backeb.) F.Ritter - family Cactaceae. A cactus named for German botanist August Weberbauer found in Peru. "What is the longest ... family Cactaceae. This cactus from Brazil could be the longest plant name if the genus Austrocephalocereus was still accepted, ...
s.l.) (CACTACEAE) en Extremadura (España)". Folia Botanica Extremadurensis (in Spanish). 11: 51-75. ISSN 1887-6587. v ...
... is a genus of cactus (family Cactaceae) containing only one species, Blossfeldia liliputiana, native to South ... Bárcenas, Rolando T; Yesson, Chris & Hawkins, Julie A (2011). "Molecular systematics of the Cactaceae". Cladistics. 27 (5): 470 ... Crozier, B.S. (2004). "Subfamilies of Cactaceae Juss., including Blossfeldioideae subfam. nov". Phytologia. 86: 52-64. ... Nyffeler and Eggli in their 2010 classification of Cactaceae placed it in a separate tribe, Blossfeldieae, within Cactoideae. ...
Flora of the Venezuelan Guayana.Volume 3. Spermatophytes: Araliaceae to Cactaceae. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis. 774 pp ...
Cactaceae) Endemic to Haiti. Phytoneuron 2017-29: 1-17 Eggli, U. (2019). Repertorium Plantarum Succulentarum LXVIII (2017) van ... der Meer, M.H.J. (2019). A New Name for Cereus haitiensis A.R.Franck & Peguero (Cactaceae). Cactologia Phantastica 4(2): 13-15 ...
Die Cactaceae 1: 184. 1958 Pinkava, D. J. 1999. Cactaceae cactus family: Part 3. Cylindropuntia. Journal of the Arizona-Nevada ...
... www.llifle.com/Encyclopedia/CACTI/Family/Cactaceae/8004/Echinopsis_eyriesii. ... "The New Cactus Lexicon" dh books, 2006 "Echinopsis eyriesii". http://www.llifle.com/Encyclopedia/CACTI/Family/Cactaceae/25318/ ...
leei, and E. guadalupensis (Cactaceae). In: Barlow-Irick, P., et al, tech eds. Southwestern rare and endangered plants: ...
Blechnaceae) Spicanta fendleri (Hook.) Kuntze (Cactaceae) Echinocereus fendleri (Engelm.) Sencke ex J.N.Haage (Malvaceae) ...
The Cactaceae. Vols. 1-4. Washington, D.C.: The Carnegie Insitiution, 1919-23. "Britton and Rose: The Cactaceae". Lophophora ... The Cactaceae (complete text, downloadable, full color) The Cactaceae (complete text online, black-and-white). ... The Cactaceae is a monograph on plants of the cactus family written by the American botanists Nathaniel Lord Britton and Joseph ... The great majority of color plates in the four volumes of The Cactaceae are by Eaton, with a handful by other artists such as ...
Opuntioideae (Cactaceae)", Succulent Plant Research, 6: 9-24, cited in Griffith & Porter 2009 Griffith, M. Patrick & Porter, J ... The classification of the family Cactaceae remains uncertain as of March 2012[update]. Since the mid-1990s, the system produced ... 100-103 "Family: Cactaceae Juss., nom. cons. subfam. Opuntioideae", Germplasm Resources Information Network, United States ... As of March 2017[update], the internal classification of the family Cactaceae remained uncertain and subject to change. A ...
"Family: Cactaceae Juss., nom. cons. subfam. Opuntioideae", Germplasm Resources Information Network, United States Department of ... Hunt, David (2016), CITES Cactaceae Checklist (PDF) (3rd ed.), ISBN 978-0-9933113-2-1. , retrieved 2017-03-30. ... Opuntioideae (Cactaceae)", Succulent Plant Research, 6: 9-24. , cited in Griffith & Porter 2009 ... As of March 2017[update], the internal classification of the family Cactaceae remained uncertain and subject to change. A ...
Cactaceae. (Cactus Family.). Very fleshy and commonly leafless plants; the stems globose or columnar and angled, or of ...
... Mark A. Dimmitt. The enormous popularity of cacti among gardeners and plant collectors is surpassed ...
1 /ajax/pf_results.php /ajax/pf_results.php?&famil=Cactaceae&genus=Epiphyllum&speci=oxypetalum&url_pag=pf_b ...
Some of the plants that belong to the genus Opuntia (Caryophyllales: Cactaceae) are highly valued vegetables in Mexican culture ... Cylindrocopturus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Conoderinae) Species Associated with Opuntia (Caryophyllales: Cactaceae) Species. ... Cactaceae) Species," Florida Entomologist 99(1), 126-127, (1 March 2016). https://doi.org/10.1653/024.099.0125 ...
Cactaceae. The family Cactaceae is in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). ... A list of all accepted and unassessed names in Cactaceae is available in CSV format (Unicode UTF-8 encoding). ... The status of the 17,007 names (including infraspecific names) for the family Cactaceae recorded in The Plant List. , are as ... includes a further 3,847 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the family Cactaceae. We do not intend The Plant List ...
Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Template:Taxonomy/Cactaceae&oldid=6162276" ...
Cactaceae 仙人掌科 xian ren zhang ke Authors: Zhen-yu Li & Nigel P. Taylor Fleshy perennials, shrubs, trees or vines, terrestrial ... Cactaceae. In: Ku Tsuechih, ed., Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 52(1): 272-285. Cacti are poorly collected and recorded, ...
Cactaceae Embryo rescue Flow cytometry Fluorescent AFLP α-Naphthaleneacetic Ovule culture Thidiazuron ... Tel-Zur N, Abbo S, Bar-Zvi D, Mizhrahi Y (2004) Genetic relationships among Hylocereus and Selenicereus vine cacti (Cactaceae ... Embryo rescue and plant regeneration following interspecific crosses in the genus Hylocereus (Cactaceae). ... Cactaceae). Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult 87:27-32CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
CITES Cactaceae Checklist, ed. 2. Kew. Hunt, D. R. and N. P. Taylor, comps. 1990. The genera of Cactaceae: Progress towards ... Cactaceae Jussieu Cactus Family Bruce D. Parfitt & Arthur C. Gibson Trees, shrubs, subshrubs, or somewhat vinelike, solitary to ... Cactaceae subfam. Pereskioideae]. 1 Pereskia, p. 100. +. Photosynthetic stem leaves absent or rudimentary, usually less than 1 ... Cactaceae subfam. Opuntioideae]. (2). +. Areoles without glochids, persistent spines present or uncommonly absent; seeds black ...
The Cactaceae. 4 vols. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Pub!. 248. REFERENCES: Pinkava, Donald J. 1995. Cactaceae. J. Ariz. - Nev. Acad. ... O The Cactaceae had a New World origin. Only Rhipsalis, a tropical, epiphytic mistletoe cactus with seeds dispersed by birds ... Similarly, flowers of Cactaceae range from the simple, radially symmetric, bee-pollinated flowers of most cacti to the ... The Cactaceae maintain an unusually complete representation of their phylogenetic history. Subfamily Pereskioideae, with the ...
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Cactaceae) are extremely important as ornamentals and are endangered in their natural habitat. However, only a few studies have ... Nyffeler R (2002) Phylogenetic relationships in the cactus family (Cactaceae) based on evidence from trnK/matK and trnL-trnF ... Gibson AC (1973) Comparative anatomy of secondary xylem in Cactoideae (Cactaceae). Biotropica 5(1):29-65CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Eggli U (1984) Stomatal types of Cactaceae. Pl Syst Evol 146:197-214CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
Karyotype analyses in members of the four Cactaceae subfamilies were performed. Numbers and karyotype formula obtained were: ... Karyotypes, Heterochromatin, and Physical Mapping of 18S-26S rDNA in Cactaceae Cytogenet Genome Res. 2009;124(1):72-80. doi: ... Karyotype analyses in members of the four Cactaceae subfamilies were performed. Numbers and karyotype formula obtained were: ...
The occurrence of various types of calcium oxalate crystals was studied in 251 species and subspecies of Cactaceae to determine ... Diversity of calcium oxalate crystals in Cactaceae. Hartl, Walter P.; Klapper, Helmut; Barbier, Bruno; Ensikat, Hans Jürgen; ... whether they are useful characters for Cactaceae systematics. Crystal hydration states were identified by X-ray powder ...
Title: The Cactaceae: Descriptions and .... Publisher: Dover. Publication Date: 1963. Binding: Hardcover. Book Condition: Fine ... The Cactaceae: Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the Cactus Family (in four volumes bound as two). Britton, N. L.; ... 8. The Cactaceae: Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the Cactus Family (four volumes bound as two) N.L. Britton; J.N. ... 2. The Cactaceae: Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the Cactus Family (in four volumes bound as two) N. L. Britton, J ...
Stock images of Epiphyllum oxypetalum, Night-blooming cereus, Dutchmans Pipe Cactus, Cactaceae, orchid cactus, reina de la ... Steven Fosters Images of Epiphyllum oxypetalum, Night-blooming cereus, Dutchmans Pipe Cactus, Cactaceae, orchid cactus, reina ...
The Cactaceae: Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the Cactus Family, Nathaniel Lord Britton. ... The Cactaceae: Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the ..., Volume 3. Nathaniel Lord Britton,Joseph Nelson Rose. Full ... The Cactaceae: Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the ..., Volume 1. Nathaniel Lord Britton,Joseph Nelson Rose. Full ... The Cactaceae: Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the ..., Volume 1. Nathaniel Lord Britton,Joseph Nelson Rose. Full ...
Cactaceae Systematics Initiatives 14:21 25. [ Links ]. Malainine, M. E., A. Dufresne, D. Dupeyre, V. Mahrouz, R. Vuong, and M. ... A revision of the genus Neolloydia B. & R. (Cactaceae). Bradleya 4: 1 28. [ Links ]. Barthlott W. 1981. Epidermal and seed ... Phylogenetic relationship in the cactus family (Cactaceae) based on evidence from trnK/matK and trnL trnF sequences. American ... Structure function relationships in highly modified shoots of Cactaceae. Annals of Botany 98:901 926. [ Links ]. Mooney, H. A ...
lecontei (Ruffner & Clark 1986). Although the floral nectaries are present in the studied species of Cactaceae, the presence of ... Cactaceae). MSc Thesis, Institución de Enseñanza e Investigación en Ciencias Agrícolas. Colegio de Posgraduados. [ Links ] ... Cactaceae usually present floral nectaries, although some species have also extrafloral nectaries, mainly associated to areoles ... 2015). Three different types of nectaries have been proposed for Cactaceae: a) Chamber; b) Annular, and c) Furrow nectaries ( ...
Cactaceae) REGENERADO EN LA REGIÓN SUR DE BRASIL). Claudete Aparecida Mangolin, Maria Celeste de Fátima, Pires da Silva Machado ... Cactaceae): its potential to generate new varieties and broaden the speciess genetic basis. Adriana Resende Gazoli, Claudete ... cactaceae) by areole activation. Maria de Fátima Pires da Silva Machado, José Alberto Prioli ... Somaclones of mandacaru (Cactaceae) with high morphological divergence may generate new varieties of ornamental cacti. Paula ...
... busbar and rX - the st are the Symposium and field of the boundary, the validation become both to forecast ... Т.1. The Cactaceae. OF COURSE PREREQUISITES fluorescence variation below. 201 Intermediate Composition 3 The Cactaceae. of ... Colonial Policy and Practice: A local The Cactaceae. of Burma and Netherlands India. Interim Management The Cactaceae., ... thresholds in these markets remained on urban and various The Cactaceae. Т.1 influences. Some economical The Cactaceae. ...
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2.8.3 Family : Cactaceae. *2.8.4 Family : Caryophyllaceae. *2.8.5 Family : Droseraceae ...
The Cactaceae family is composed by 124 genera and about 1438 species. Pilosocereus gounellei, popularly known in Brazil as ... Cactaceae). Molecules 2016, 21, 11. AMA Style. Maciel JKS, Chaves OS, Brito Filho SG, Teles YCF, Fernandes MG, Assis TS, ... Cactaceae). Molecules. 2016; 21(1):11. Chicago/Turabian Style. Maciel, Jéssica K.S.; Chaves, Otemberg S.; Brito Filho, Severino ... The Cactaceae family is composed by 124 genera and about 1438 species. Pilosocereus gounellei, popularly known in Brazil as ...
Cactaceae) [10,35,39,50]. Hybrids: Devils-tongue hybridizes with other pricklypears (Opuntia spp.), including erect ...
Cactaceae. 山羊百科,林文智老師的植物、山岳、攝影紀錄. ... 取自"http://plant.climb.com.tw/modules/mediawiki/index.php/
  • Some of the plants that belong to the genus Opuntia (Caryophyllales: Cactaceae) are highly valued vegetables in Mexican culture. (bioone.org)
  • Cactus , (family Cactaceae), plural cacti or cactuses , flowering plant family (order Caryophyllales with more than 2,000 species and about 175 genera. (britannica.com)
  • La familia Cactaceae del orden Caryophyllales es un grupo de plantas suculentas representativo de las zonas aridas y semiaridas del hemisferio Oeste, excepto Rhipsalis baccifera (Sol. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In 1984, the International Organization for Succulent Plant Study set up a working party, now called the International Cactaceae Systematics Group, to produce a consensus classification of the cactus family, down to the level of genus . (wikipedia.org)
  • The Cactaceae is a monograph on plants of the cactus family written by the American botanists Nathaniel Lord Britton and Joseph Nelson Rose and published in multiple volumes between 1919 and 1923. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though it was considered definitive in its own day, the taxonomy of Cactaceae has remained problematic, due in part to difficulties in preserving type specimens of cactus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Cactaceae: Descriptions and Illustrations of Plants of the Cactus Family (in four volumes bound as two) by Britton, N. L. (abebooks.com)
  • Opuntia , commonly called prickly pear , is a genus in the cactus family , Cactaceae . (wikipedia.org)
  • PDF] The origins of an important cactus crop, Opuntia ficus-indica (Cactaceae): new molecular evidence. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A cactus (plural cacti , cactuses , or cactus ) is any member of the flowering plant family Cactaceae , native to North and South America and typically characterized by leaves that are reduced in size or ephemeral, enlarged plant stems, and spines that grow from areoles, a structure unique to cacti. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • One contemporary reviewer called The Cactaceae "the most sumptuous botanical publication" since William Rickatson Dykes' 1913 book The Genus Iris. (wikipedia.org)
  • The classification of the Cactaceae thus remains subject to change, from the genus level upwards. (wikipedia.org)
  • Several species of the genus Rhipsalis (Cactaceae) are extremely important as ornamentals and are endangered in their natural habitat. (springer.com)
  • The genus belongs to the tribe Cacteae (Cactaceae) and the most recent phylogeny of this tribe based on rpl16 intron sequence variation places it within a poorly supported clade together with Ariocarpus Scheidw. (scielo.org.mx)
  • We studied the changes associated with autopolyploidization in two systems of somatic newly induced polyploids, diploid-autotetraploid and triploid-autohexaploid, belonging to the genus Hylocereus (Cactaceae). (beds.ac.uk)
  • Molecular evidence for the hybrid origin of Opuntia prolifera (Cactaceae). (semanticscholar.org)
  • includes 13,160 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Cactaceae . (theplantlist.org)
  • The Cactaceae family is composed by 124 genera and about 1438 species. (mdpi.com)
  • Members of Pereskia exhibit some presumably plesiomorphic characters for the Cactaceae including shrubby habit, non-succulent or partially succulent leaves, and in some species, nearly superior ovaries. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • In addition, the members show a transition from perigynous flowers with half-inferior ovaries to those species having true receptacular epigyny (the predominant condition in the Cactaceae). (ingentaconnect.com)
  • The Cactaceae family, with around 2,000-3,000 species and varieties in about 60 genera , was originally native to the North and South American continents, where their range extends from Patagonia to the Canadian - United States border. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Joseph Nelson Rose was an authority on several plant families, including parsley (Apiaceae) and cacti (Cactaceae). (wikipedia.org)
  • Benega-Garcia R, Cisneros A, Schneider B, Tel-Zur N (2009) Gynogenesis in the vine cacti Hylocereus and Selenicereus (Cactaceae). (springer.com)
  • Similarly, flowers of Cactaceae range from the simple, radially symmetric, bee-pollinated flowers of most cacti to the elaborate, bilaterally symmetric, hummingbird-pollinated flowers of, e.g. (swbiodiversity.org)
  • The cacti are curious, often thorny (spiny), succulent-stemmed plants constituting the family Cactaceae, characteristic of and well adapted to dry regions of the Western Hemisphere. (britannica.com)
  • Blog będzie zawierał najwięcej informacji o rodzinach Cactaceae (kaktusowatych), Apocynaceae (toinowatych) oraz Rosaceae (różowatych). (blogspot.com)
  • Gibson AC (1973) Comparative anatomy of secondary xylem in Cactoideae (Cactaceae). (springer.com)
  • Loza-Cornejo S, Terrazas T (2003) Epidermal and hypodermal characteristics in Northican Cactoideae (Cactaceae). (springer.com)
  • Petenaea Lundell (mogelijk Malvales ), en Nicobariodendron (mogelijk Celastraceae ). (wikipedia.org)
  • Cactaceae Cereus gonacanthus Engelm. (ipni.org)
  • 2014). 'Apoptosis Induction in MV4-11 and K562 Human Leukemic Cells by Pereskia sacharosa (Cactaceae) Leaf Crude Extract', Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention , 15(1), pp. 475-481. (waocp.org)
  • The relationship between these three clades and the rest of the Cactaceae remains unresolved, but our data do suggest that Pereskia may be paraphyletic. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • A espécie Pereskia grandifolia Haworth ( Cactaceae ), conhecida popularmente como ora-pro-nóbis, foi avaliada quanto às suas propriedades antioxidantes e susceptibilidade antimicrobiana. (bvsalud.org)
  • The specie Pereskia grandifolia Haworth ( Cactaceae ), popularly known as ora-pro-nóbis, was evaluated for their antioxidant property and antibacterial susceptibility. (bvsalud.org)
  • As of March 2017 [update] , the internal classification of the family Cactaceae remained uncertain and subject to change. (wikipedia.org)
  • The classification of the family Cactaceae remains uncertain as of March 2012 [update] . (wikipedia.org)
  • Together, Britton and Rose published many articles on the stonecrop family (Crassulaceae) before embarking in 1904 on research leading towards The Cactaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The family Cactaceae is in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants) . (theplantlist.org)
  • includes a further 3,847 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the family Cactaceae . (theplantlist.org)
  • See also list of plants in the family Cactaceae . (britannica.com)
  • Hartl WP, Barbier B, Klapper H, Müller P, Barthlott W (2003) Dimorphism of calcium oxalate crystals in stem tissues of Rhipsalideae (Cactaceae)-a contribution to the systematics and taxonomy of the tribe. (springer.com)
  • Diversity of calcium oxalate crystals in Cactaceae. (ebscohost.com)
  • Allison( Boston: Bedford Books, 1995), download the cactaceae. (sara-jordan.com)
  • Barthlott W, Taylor NP (1995) Notes towards a monograph of Rhipsalideae (Cactaceae). (springer.com)
  • A black-and-white reprint of the second (1937) edition of The Cactaceae was published by Dover Publications in 1963. (wikipedia.org)
  • Since the mid-1990s, the system produced by the International Cactaceae Systematics Group (ICSG) of the International Organization for Succulent Plant Study has been used as the basis of many published classifications. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite the great importance that spines have in the classification of Cactaceae, little is known about their micro morphology, anatomy, and chemical composition. (scielo.org.mx)
  • Cactaceae): clade delineation, geographic origins, and reticulate evolution. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Britton and Rose published The Cactaceae in four volumes through the Carnegie Institution between 1919 and 1923. (wikipedia.org)
  • Este estudio muestra que las especies de Turbinicarpus no sólo tienen variación en la morfología de sus espinas, sino también en su micro morfología. (scielo.org.mx)
  • Basándonos en atributos florales observados, como la antesis diurna, la forma infundibuliforme y el color de la flor, proponemos que las abejas polinizan estas especies. (scielo.org.mx)
  • Basingstoke: Macmillan and New York: St. Colonial Policy and Practice: A local The Cactaceae. (horst-schackmann.de)
  • Cactaceae (Britton & Rose) 3: 47, fig. 60. (llifle.com)
  • Cactaceae (Britton & Rose) 4: 30. (llifle.com)
  • Cactaceae (Britton & Rose) 2: 63 (figs. 92-94). (llifle.com)
  • Cactaceae (Britton & Rose) 4: 285. (llifle.com)
  • popularly known as nopal , tunas or prickly-pears, is one of the largest of the cactus family (Cactaceae) with enormous cultural, ecological and economic importance. (botanyconference.org)
  • The Cactaceae family includes 2,000 species in 300 genera. (espacepourlavie.ca)
  • Cactus belongs to the cactaceae family and is usually referred to as the New World plant. (targetwoman.com)
  • Most of the species in this collection belong to the Cactaceae (700 species), Aizoaceae (170), Crassulaceae (160), Liliaceae (115), Agavaceae (60) and Euphorbiaceae (70) families. (espacepourlavie.ca)
  • The first two sub-families are smaller than the Cactoideae, which accounts for about 90% of Cactaceae species, with plants in a tremendous variety of sizes. (espacepourlavie.ca)
  • The vegetation includes 3-8 m-high thorn scrubs with the following dominant families: Cactaceae, Leguminosae, and Capparidaceae (Huber 1997). (worldwildlife.org)
  • The Garden's Cactaceae collection contains 132 genera and 700 species. (espacepourlavie.ca)
  • She strives toward making high quality specimens in difficult groups like Agavaceae and Cactaceae. (verdenews.com)
  • Cactaceae etc. 12(1): 12 (-13) (2002). (ipni.org)
  • Cactaceae come in a wide variety of shapes, from spherical to disk-like, cylindrical or spreading. (espacepourlavie.ca)