4-carbon straight chain aliphatic hydrocarbons substituted with two hydroxyl groups. The hydroxyl groups cannot be on the same carbon atom.
A generic grouping for dihydric alcohols with the hydroxy groups (-OH) located on different carbon atoms. They are viscous liquids with high boiling points for their molecular weights.
A subclass of anhydrides with the general structure of dihydrofurandione. They can be substituted on any carbon atom. They modify and inhibit proteins and enzymes and are used in the acylation of amino- and hydroxyl groups.
Polymers of organic acids and alcohols, with ester linkages--usually polyethylene terephthalate; can be cured into hard plastic, films or tapes, or fibers which can be woven into fabrics, meshes or velours.
Polymers of ETHYLENE OXIDE and water, and their ethers. They vary in consistency from liquid to solid depending on the molecular weight indicated by a number following the name. They are used as SURFACTANTS, dispersing agents, solvents, ointment and suppository bases, vehicles, and tablet excipients. Some specific groups are NONOXYNOLS, OCTOXYNOLS, and POLOXAMERS.
An ethylene compound with two hydroxy groups (-OH) located on adjacent carbons. They are viscous and colorless liquids. Some are used as anesthetics or hypnotics. However, the class is best known for their use as a coolant or antifreeze.
A clear, colorless, viscous organic solvent and diluent used in pharmaceutical preparations.
Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.
Statistical models of the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, as well as of financial considerations. For the application of statistics to the testing and quantifying of economic theories MODELS, ECONOMETRIC is available.
A method of comparing the cost of a program with its expected benefits in dollars (or other currency). The benefit-to-cost ratio is a measure of total return expected per unit of money spent. This analysis generally excludes consideration of factors that are not measured ultimately in economic terms. Cost effectiveness compares alternative ways to achieve a specific set of results.
Procedures for the improvement or enhancement of the appearance of the visible parts of the body.
The infiltrating of histological specimens with plastics, including acrylic resins, epoxy resins and polyethylene glycol, for support of the tissues in preparation for sectioning with a microtome.
Polymeric materials (usually organic) of large molecular weight which can be shaped by flow. Plastic usually refers to the final product with fillers, plasticizers, pigments, and stabilizers included (versus the resin, the homogeneous polymeric starting material). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A shared service which combines the purchasing power of individual organizations or facilities in order to obtain lower prices for equipment and supplies. (From Health Care Terms, 2nd ed)
Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Electropositive chemical elements characterized by ductility, malleability, luster, and conductance of heat and electricity. They can replace the hydrogen of an acid and form bases with hydroxyl radicals. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The interchange of goods or commodities, especially on a large scale, between different countries or between populations within the same country. It includes trade (the buying, selling, or exchanging of commodities, whether wholesale or retail) and business (the purchase and sale of goods to make a profit). (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, p411, p2005 & p283)
The complex series of phenomena, occurring between the end of one CELL DIVISION and the end of the next, by which cellular material is duplicated and then divided between two daughter cells. The cell cycle includes INTERPHASE, which includes G0 PHASE; G1 PHASE; S PHASE; and G2 PHASE, and CELL DIVISION PHASE.
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
Tumors or cancer of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, from the MOUTH to the ANAL CANAL.
Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).
Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.
A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.
Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.
Realm in central Europe consisting of a confederation of German and Italian territories under the suzerainty of an emperor and existing from the 9th or 10th century to 1806.
A sultanate comprised at various times of parts of EUROPE, ASIA, and AFRICA. Its period extends generally from 1301 to 1922.
An ancient city, the site of modern Istanbul. From the 4th to 15th centuries the empire extended from southeastern Europe to western Asia, reaching its greatest extent under Justinian (527-565). By about 1000 A.D. it comprised the southern Balkans, Greece, Asia Minor, and parts of southern Italy. The capture of Constantinople in 1453 marked the formal end of the Byzantine Empire. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)
Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.
Alicyclic hydrocarbons in which three or more of the carbon atoms in each molecule are united in a ring structure and each of the ring carbon atoms is joined to two hydrogen atoms or alkyl groups. The simplest members are cyclopropane (C3H6), cyclobutane (C4H8), cyclohexane (C6H12), and derivatives of these such as methylcyclohexane (C6H11CH3). (From Sax, et al., Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
A subclass of histone deacetylases that are NAD-dependent. Several members of the SIRTUINS family are included in this subclass.
The application of engineering principles and methods to living organisms or biological systems.
Chemicals that are used to oxidize pigments and thus effect whitening.
Derivatives of BUTYRIC ACID that include a double bond between carbon 2 and 3 of the aliphatic structure. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the aminobutryrate structure.

Reduction of serum cholesterol and hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis in rabbits by secoisolariciresinol diglucoside isolated from flaxseed. (1/173)

BACKGROUND: Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) is a plant lignan isolated from flaxseed. Lignans are platelet-activating factor-receptor antagonists that would inhibit the production of oxygen radicals by polymorphonuclear leukocytes. SDG is an antioxidant. Antioxidants studied thus far are known to reduce hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of SDG on various blood lipid and aortic tissue oxidative stress parameters and on the development of atherosclerosis in rabbits fed a high-cholesterol diet. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rabbits were assigned to 4 groups: group 1, control; group 2, SDG control (15 mg. kg body wt-1. d-1 PO); group 3, 1% cholesterol diet; and group 4, same as group 3 but with added SDG (15 mg. kg body wt-1. d-1 PO). Blood samples were collected before (time 0) and after 4 and 8 weeks of experimental diets for measurement of serum triglycerides, total cholesterol (TC), and LDL, HDL, and VLDL cholesterol (LDL-C, HDL-C, and VLDL-C). The aorta was removed at the end of the protocol for assessment of atherosclerotic plaques; malondialdehyde, an aortic tissue lipid peroxidation product; and aortic tissue chemiluminescence, a marker for antioxidant reserve. Serum TC, LDL-C, and the ratios LDL-C/HDL-C and TC/HDL-C increased in groups 3 and 4 compared with time 0, the increase being smaller in group 4 than in group 3. Serum HDL-C decreased in group 3 and increased in group 4 compared with time 0, but changes were lower in group 3 than in group 4. SDG reduced TC and LDL-C by 33% and 35%, respectively, at week 8 but increased HDL-C significantly, by>140%, as early as week 4. It also decreased TC/LDL-C and LDL-C/HDL-C ratios by approximately 64%. There was an increase in aortic malondialdehyde and chemiluminescence in group 3, and they were lower in group 4 than in group 3. SDG reduced hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis by 73%. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that SDG reduced hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis and that this effect was associated with a decrease in serum cholesterol, LDL-C, and lipid peroxidation product and an increase in HDL-C and antioxidant reserve.  (+info)

A new carboxylesterase from Brevibacterium linens IFO 12171 responsible for the conversion of 1,4-butanediol diacrylate to 4-hydroxybutyl acrylate: purification, characterization, gene cloning, and gene expression in Escherichia coli. (2/173)

A carboxylesterase that is responsible for conversion of 1,4-butanediol diacrylate (BDA) to 4-hydroxybutyl acrylate (4HBA) was found in Brevibacterium lines IFO 12171, and purified to homogeneity. The purified enzyme was active toward a variety of diesters of ethylene glycol, 1,4-butanediol, and 1,6-hexanediol. The K(m) and kcat of the enzyme for BDA were 3.04 mM and 203,000 s-1, respectively. The reaction with the purified enzyme gave 98 mM 4HBA from 100 mM BDA for 60 min. The enzyme gene was cloned from the chromosomal DNA of the bacterium. The open reading frame encoding the enzyme was 1176 bp long, corresponding to a protein of 393 amino acid residues (molecular mass = 42,569 Da). The deduced amino acid sequence contained the tetra peptide motif sequence, STTK, and the serine residue was confirmed to be the catalytic center of BDA esterase by site-directed mutagenesis for several amino acid residues. The gene was expressed in Escherichia coli under the control of the lac promoter, and the gene product (a fusion protein with 6 amino acid residues from beta-galactosidase) showed the same catalytic properties as the enzyme from the parent strain.  (+info)

Exposure to flaxseed or its lignan component during different developmental stages influences rat mammary gland structures. (3/173)

Reduction of the highly proliferative terminal end bud (TEB) structures in the developing mammary gland by differentiation to alveolar buds (ABs) and lobules has been suggested to be protective against mammary cancer. Flaxseed is high in alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and secoisolariciresinol diglycoside (SDG). SDG is the precursor of mammalian lignans, which can affect mammary gland structures. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the effect of lifetime, gestation and lactation or after-weaning exposure to 5 or 10% flaxseed or SDG and flaxseed oil components on the mammary gland structures of virgin female rat offspring at post-natal day 50. Lifetime or gestation and lactation exposure to flaxseed altered mammary gland structure development, whereas exposure to flaxseed after weaning had no effect. Lifetime or gestation and lactation exposure to 5% flaxseed caused endocrine changes, as suggested by delayed puberty onset and reduced number of estrous cycles. These changes reduced exposure to endogenous estrogens, leading to atrophy of mammary TEB structures. SDG, but not flaxseed oil, at the level found in 5% flaxseed produced similar effects as 5% flaxseed. This suggested that the lignans were the component in flaxseed responsible for the observed effects. Lifetime or gestation and lactation exposure to 10% flaxseed also caused endocrine changes, as suggested by early puberty onset and lengthened cycles due to prolonged estrus. This increased exposure to endogenous estrogens and stimulated mammary gland differentiation, as indicated by fewer TEBs and more ABs. Thus, lifetime or gestation and lactation exposure to 5 or 10% flaxseed induced structural changes in the mammary gland that may potentially reduce mammary cancer risk.  (+info)

Fermentative metabolism of Bacillus subtilis: physiology and regulation of gene expression. (4/173)

Bacillus subtilis grows in the absence of oxygen using nitrate ammonification and various fermentation processes. Lactate, acetate, and 2,3-butanediol were identified in the growth medium as the major anaerobic fermentation products by using high-performance liquid chromatography. Lactate formation was found to be dependent on the lctEP locus, encoding lactate dehydrogenase and a putative lactate permease. Mutation of lctE results in drastically reduced anaerobic growth independent of the presence of alternative electron acceptors, indicating the importance of NADH reoxidation by lactate dehydrogenase for the overall anaerobic energy metabolism. Anaerobic formation of 2,3-butanediol via acetoin involves acetolactate synthase and decarboxylase encoded by the alsSD operon. Mutation of alsSD has no significant effect on anaerobic growth. Anaerobic acetate synthesis from acetyl coenzyme A requires phosphotransacetylase encoded by pta. Similar to the case for lctEP, mutation of pta significantly reduces anaerobic fermentative and respiratory growth. The expression of both lctEP and alsSD is strongly induced under anaerobic conditions. Anaerobic lctEP and alsSD induction was found to be partially dependent on the gene encoding the redox regulator Fnr. The observed fnr dependence might be the result of Fnr-induced arfM (ywiD) transcription and subsequent lctEP and alsSD activation by the regulator ArfM (YwiD). The two-component regulatory system encoded by resDE is also involved in anaerobic lctEP induction. No direct resDE influence on the redox regulation of alsSD was observed. The alternative electron acceptor nitrate represses anaerobic lctEP and alsSD transcription. Nitrate repression requires resDE- and fnr-dependent expression of narGHJI, encoding respiratory nitrate reductase. The gene alsR, encoding a regulator potentially responding to changes of the intracellular pH and to acetate, is essential for anaerobic lctEP and alsSD expression. In agreement with its known aerobic function, no obvious oxygen- or nitrate-dependent pta regulation was observed. A model for the regulation of the anaerobic fermentation genes in B. subtilis is proposed.  (+info)

Urinary composition and postprandial blood changes in H-secoisolariciresinol diglycoside (SDG) metabolites in rats do not differ between acute and chronic SDG treatments. (5/173)

Although chronic exposure to secoisolariciresinol diglycoside (SDG) was shown to alter (3)H-SDG metabolite disposition in rats, the proportion of measured radioactivity attributed to known or unknown SDG metabolites was not determined. Using HPLC and GC-MS, two experiments were conducted to determine the effect of acute (1 d) vs. chronic (10 d) SDG treatment on major urinary metabolites of (3)H-SDG in female, Sprague-Dawley rats (70-72-d-old) over a 48-h period and if new urinary metabolites were detectable in rats fed nonradioactive flaxseed or SDG. A third experiment was conducted to determine changes in postprandial blood levels of (3)H-SDG metabolites over a 24-h period with acute or chronic SDG treatment. Regardless of treatment, enterodiol, enterolactone and secoisolariciresinol accounted for 75-80% of urine radioactivity. Four potential new lignan metabolites, two of which were detected in the urine of rats fed nonradioactive flaxseed or SDG, were found. Type of treatment had no effect on levels of individual urinary metabolites of (3)H-SDG. As observed for plasma lignans in women fed flaxseed, blood radioactivity peaked at 9 h and remained high until 24 h in both treatment groups, suggesting that blood lignan kinetics might be similar with flaxseed or SDG consumption and that they were comparable between humans and rats. In conclusion, the main urinary lignan metabolites were enterodiol, enterolactone and secoisolariciresinol. Urinary composition or blood levels of radioactive lignans were not affected by the duration of SDG exposure. Thus, while chronic SDG exposure alters lignan disposition in rats, it does not change the metabolite profile.  (+info)

Adverse events, including death, associated with the use of 1,4-butanediol. (6/173)

BACKGROUND: 1,4-Butanediol is an industrial solvent that, when ingested, is converted to gamma-hydroxybutyrate, a drug of abuse with depressant effects, primarily on the central nervous system. After reports of toxic effects of gamma-hydroxybutyrate and its resultant regulation by the federal government, 1,4-butanediol and gamma-butyrolactone, another precursor of gamma-hydroxybutyrate and an industrial solvent, began to be marketed as dietary supplements. We investigated reports of toxic effects due to the ingestion of 1,4-butanediol and reviewed the related health risks. METHODS: From June 1999 through December 1999, we identified cases of toxic effects of 1,4-butanediol involving patients who presented to our emergency departments with a clinical syndrome suggesting toxic effects of gamma-hydroxybutyrate and a history of ingesting 1,4-butanediol and patients discovered through public health officials and family members. We used gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to measure 1,4-butanediol or its metabolite, gamma-hydroxybutyrate, in urine, serum, or blood. RESULTS: We identified nine episodes of toxic effects in eight patients who had ingested 1,4-butanediol recreationally, to enhance bodybuilding, or to treat depression or insomnia. One patient presented twice with toxic effects and had withdrawal symptoms after her second presentation. Clinical findings and adverse events included vomiting, urinary and fecal incontinence, agitation, combativeness, a labile level of consciousness, respiratory depression, and death. No additional intoxicants were identified in six patients, including the two who died. The doses of 1,4-butanediol ingested ranged from 5.4 to 20 g in the patients who died and ranged from 1 to 14 g in the nonfatal cases. CONCLUSIONS: The health risks of 1,4-butanediol are similar to those of its counterparts, gamma-hydroxybutyrate and gamma-butyrolactone. These include acute toxic effects, which may be fatal, and addiction and withdrawal.  (+info)

Secoisolariciresinol dehydrogenase purification, cloning, and functional expression. Implications for human health protection. (7/173)

Matairesinol is a central precursor in planta in the biosynthesis of numerous lignans, including that of the important antiviral and anticancer agent, podophyllotoxin. In this study, the approximately 32-kDa NAD-dependent secoisolariciresinol dehydrogenase, which catalyzes the enantiospecific conversion of (-)-secoisolariciresinol into (-)-matairesinol in Forsythia intermedia, was purified >6,000-fold to apparent homogeneity. The 831-base pair cDNA clone encoding this 277-amino acid protein was next obtained from a library constructed from F. intermedia stem tissue, whose fully functional recombinant protein, produced by expression of this cDNA in Escherichia coli, catalyzed the same enantiospecific conversion via the corresponding lactol intermediate. A homologous secoisolariciresinol dehydrogenase gene was also isolated from a Podophyllum peltatum rhizome cDNA library, whose 834-base pair cDNA clone encoded a 278-amino acid protein with a calculated molecular mass of approximately 32 kDa. Expression of this protein in E. coli produced a fully functional recombinant protein that also catalyzed the enantiospecific conversion of (-)-secoisolariciresinol into (-)-matairesinol via the intermediary lactol. Various kinetic parameters were defined and established conversion of the intermediary lactol as being rate-limiting. With this overall enzymatic conversion now unambiguously defined, the entire biochemical pathway to the lignans, secoisolariciresinol and matairesinol, has been elucidated. Last, both secoisolariciresinol and matairesinol are metabolized in the gut of mammals, following digestion of high fiber dietary grains, seeds, and berries, into the so-called "mammalian" lignans, enterodiol and enterolactone, respectively; these in turn confer significant protection against the onset of breast and prostate cancers.  (+info)

Application of a convenient extraction procedure to analyze gamma-hydroxybutyric acid in fatalities involving gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, gamma-butyrolactone, and 1,4-butanediol. (8/173)

The most common chemicals that can be ingested and lead to greater than endogenous levels of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) in decedents are salts of GHB, gamma-butyrolactone (GBL), and 1,4-butanediol (BD). Results for three deaths involving the ingestion of one or another of these three chemicals, which led to findings of GHB in the decedents, are presented. An extraction procedure that facilitates the quantitation of GHB was developed. If present in the same specimen, both GHB and GBL can be quantitated. To determine the GBL concentration, the specimen is first analyzed for existing GHB, the GBL is then converted to GHB, and the analysis is repeated. The difference between the results in molarity units can yield the GBL concentration. A separate procedure was utilized for estimating concentrations of BD. Specimens analyzed included urine, blood, ocular fluid, brain, and solutions consumed by the decedents prior to death. The procedures were found to be convenient in as much as they are relatively rapid, precise, and economical.  (+info)

2,3-Butanediol fermentation is anaerobic fermentation of glucose with 2,3-butanediol as one of the end products. The overall stoichiometry of the reaction is 2 pyruvate + NADH --> 2CO2 + 2,3-butanediol. Butanediol fermentation is typical for the facultative anaerobes Klebsiella and Enterobacter and is tested for using the Voges-Proskauer (VP) test. The metabolic function of 2,3-butanediol is not known, although some have speculated that it was an evolutionary advantage for these microorganisms to produce a neutral product thats less inhibitory than other partial oxidation products and doesnt reduce the pH as much as mixed acids. . 2,3-butanediol fermentation produces smaller amounts of acid than mixed acid fermentation, and butanediol, ethanol, CO2 and H2 are the end products. While equal amounts of CO2 and H2 are created during mixed acid fermentation, butanediol fermentation produces more than twice the amount of CO2 because the gases are not produced only by formate hydrogen lyase like they ...
The GENO BG™ process, a new biobased process technology to make a naturally sourced 1,3-butylene glycol. This is the latest innovation launched by Genomatica, a widely-recognized leader in bioengineering headquartered in San Diego, California. The GENO BG process has already produced biobased butylene glycol for sampling and Genomatica has transferred the process to 85,000 liter production fermentors.. Butylene glycol, a four-carbon alcohol, is used globally in cosmetics to improve moisture retention and as a carrier for plant extracts. Conventional approaches to make butylene glycol start with fossil fuel-derived acetaldehyde, which is a toxin, an irritant, and a carcinogen. By contrast, Genomaticas biobased butylene glycol is made via fermentation, starting from natural, sustainable, plant-based ingredients. This approach has the potential for high appeal in personal care products.. Additionally, Genomatica has leveraged the power and selectivity of biology to create a process that produces ...
This topic has 4 study abstracts on Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) indicating that it may have therapeutic value in the treatment of Lupus Nephritis, Abdominal Obesity (Midsection Fat), and Adiponectin: Low Levels
Title:Flaxseed and Diabetes. VOLUME: 22 ISSUE: 2. Author(s):Kailash Prasad and Arti Dhar. Affiliation:Department of Physiology College of Medicine University of Saskatchewan 107 Wiggins Road Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada S7N 5E5. Keywords:Flaxseed, flaxseed oil, flax lignan complex, secoisolariciresinol diglucoside, diabetes, oxidative stress, malondialdehyde, glycated haemoglobin A1C.. Abstract:Flaxseed contains 32% to 45% of its mass as oil of which 51% to 55% is α-linolenic acid. Flax lignan complex and secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) have been isolated from flaxseed. Flaxseed and its components have antioxidant, hypolipidemic and hypoglycemic effects. These are mostly due to the SDG content. Oxidative stress has been implicated in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Flaxseed, flaxseed oil and flax lignan complex have not been investigated as to whether they reduce the incidence of diabetes and/or delay the development of diabetes. However, their effects on serum glucose have been ...
Unlock new opportunities in Global Butylene Glycol Industry Market: the latest release from HTF MI highlights the key market trends impacting the growth of theGlobal Butylene Glycol Industry MarketGet reliable information about competitors moves and strategies which are of immense significance for further planning
Background: Dietary plant lignans, such as secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG), are metabolized to the enterolignans, enterodiol (END) and enterolactone (ENL), by gut microbes. Evidence suggests that enterolignans may reduce risk of cardiovascular disease and several forms of cancer. Our aim was to characterize the microbial community involved in enterolignan production by using an in vitro batch culture system to enrich for lignan-metabolizing organisms. Methods: Stool samples from eight participants were incubated separately for ~1 week with a mineral salts media containing formate, acetate, glucose, and 6.55 μM SDG. Daily secoisolariciresinol (SECO), END, and ENL concentrations were measured using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS). Microbial community in initial stool (Day 1) and in vitro-incubated fecal suspensions (final-day) was assessed via Illumina paired-end 16S rRNA gene amplicon and whole-metagenome shotgun sequencing. 16S rRNA gene sequences were taxonomically annotated ...
The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety for human dietary consumption of three synthetic compounds which are potential sources of dietary energy, namely 1, 3-Butylene Glycol (BG), 1, 3-Butylene Glycol Mono-Oleate (BGMO) and 1, 3-Butylene Glycol Mono-Stearate (BGMS), by feeding these compounds to parents and three generations of rats. Previous animal feeding studies had indicated that BG was low in toxicity, but the effects of BG on reproduction had not been adequately established. No relative studies were known of the physiological and toxicological effects of the BGMO and BGMS compounds. Control and test diets were composed of semi-purified ingredients, with the only difference being that 20% of the test compounds were added to the experimental diets at the expense of carbohydrate sources. Thus, all diets contained the same amount of casein, fat, vitamins and minerals. The most significant findings of this study were that BG and BGMS diets supported reproduction and lactation in three
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Brontide is a natural, pure butylene glycol extracted from a sustainable and renewable sugar fermentation process. According to Genomatica, this product is ideal for personal care manufacturers seeking to develop new, natural, sustainable products, o
In working out the action of B lactis arogenes on glucose quantitatively Harden and Walpole (1) found that in addition to the products already noted in the action of B coli communis on glucose (2) a small quantity of acetyl-methylcarbinol CH 3 CH(OH)COCH 3 and a considerable proportion of 2 3-butylene glycol CH 3 CH(OH)CH(OH)CH 3 were formed the latter corresponding Request A Quotation! ...
This report covers the key technological and market trends in the 1,4-Butanediol market and further lays out an analysis of the factors influencing the supply/demand for 1,4-Butanediol, and the opportunities/challenges faced by industry participants. It also acts as an essential tool to companies active across the value chain and to the new entrants by enabling them to capitalize the opportunities and develop business strategies.. Browse Detail Report With TOC @ http://www.hexareports.com/report/global-1-4-butanediol-market-outlook-2016-2021/details. 1,4-Butanediol, colloquially known as BD, is the organic compound with the formula HOCH2CH2CH2CH2OH. This colorlessviscous liquid is derived from butane by placement of alcohol groups at each end of the chain. It is one of four stableisomers of butanediol.. Global 1,4-Butanediol Market Outlook 2016-2021, has been prepared based on the synthesis, analysis, and interpretation of information about the global 1,4-Butanediol market collected from ...
David B. Levine is an orthopaedic surgeon, hospital administrator, professor and historian of medicine who has held positions since 1961 at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York, New York. Levine was born to Sarah and Herbert Levine in 1932 in Binghamton, NY, and attended public schools there. He studied from 1950 to 1953 at Dartmouth College and graduated in 1957 with an M.D. degree from State University of New York Upstate Medical University at Syracuse. From 1957 to 1958, he worked as a Rotating Intern at the Case Western Reserves Metropolitan General Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio. From 1958 to 1959 he was an Assistant Surgical Resident at Beth Israel Hospital (now known as Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center) in Boston, Massachusetts, and also during this year was an instructor in surgery at Harvard Medical School. From 1959 to 1961, he served at the rank of Lieutenant in the U.S. Navy as the Medical Officer aboard the USS Forrestal in the Sixth Fleet. During 1961-1964, Levine served ...
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers and the second most responsible for cancer mortality worldwide. In 2014, in Portugal, close to 27 200 people died of cancer, which 1791 were women with breast cancer. Flaxseed has been one of the most studied foods, regarding possible relations to breast cancer, though mainly in experimental studies in animals, yet in few clinical trials. It is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, alpha-linolenic acid, lignan and fibers. One of the main components of flaxseed are the lignans, of which 95% are made of the predominant secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG). SDG is converted into enterolactone and enterodiol, both with anti-estrogen activity and structurally similar to estrogen; they can bind to cell receptors, decreasing cell growth. Some studies have shown that the intake of omega-3 fatty acids is related to the reduction of breast cancer risk. In animal studies, α-linolenic acid have been shown to be able to suppress growth, size and proliferation of cancer cells
The production of platform chemicals from biomass is the current focus of chemical research. Platform chemicals are the precursors of many household and industrial products. These chemicals can be converted into several high-value products and materials including resins, paints, plastics, adhesives, solvents, and synthetic fibers. Most platform chemicals are currently derived from fossil fuels. One potential source to replace petroleum as a precursor for platform chemicals is plant biomass. Biomass is composed of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. The composition of the component of biomass suggests that it could also be utilized in the production of platform chemicals. Most bio-refinery research has focused on converting cellulose and hemicellulose into ethanol. However, lignin, which constitutes 15-25% of plant biomass, is considered a waste product in bio-refineries. In this project, the feasibility of utilizing lignin for the production of formaldehyde and formic acid is considered. The ...
Définitions de 1 4 butanediol, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de 1 4 butanediol, dictionnaire analogique de 1 4 butanediol (anglais)
Livers from fed and starved rats were perfused with buffer containing radiolabelled R- or S-1,3-butylene glycol. The following parameters were determined: a) uptake of the diol, b) contribution of the diol to ketogenesis, c) contribution of the diol to total fatty acid plus sterol synthesis, and d) conversion of S-1,3-butylene glycol into the (non physiological) metabolite S-3-hydroxybutyrate. Both enantiomers were taken up by the livers of fed or starved rats at the same rate. R-1,3-butylene glycol is mainly transformed to the physiological ketone bodies R-3-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate. Only 29-38% of the S-enantiomer are converted into physiological ketone bodies. The S-enantiomer is further metabolised to S-3-hydroxybutyrate (not a natural compound), lipids and carbon dioxide. ...
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NEW YORK, Feb. 5, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Adam Levine To Debut His Own Signature Fragrance For Men And Women, Adam Levine, Exclusively At Macys.
Release of the funds requires an approval process that is not yet complete but we hope will be complete soon, said John Bland.. Levine said the delay will push back the timeline on completing the planned apartments as well. Everything will slide until were able to restart, said Levine. I hope that its soon.. The park, however, is ahead of schedule and could open by November, Levine said.. ...
Michael L. Levine M.D., F.A.C.S. has expertise in laser eye and glaucoma surgery. Dr. Levine completed an additional year of fellowship training in glaucoma at the prestigious Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital. Being a glaucoma specialist, Dr. Levine is highly trained in the latest advancements in treatment for glaucoma.
A major means whereby oxidative stress promotes aging-related disease is by activating inflammatory pathways. Decreasing oxidative stress and inflammation should ameliorate many of the problems associated with aging, including vascular dementia, Alzheimers disease, osteoporosis, muscle wasting, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Animal and human studies have demonstrated that consumption of vitamin D and phase 2 protein inducers decrease oxidative stress and associated inflammation. The flax lignan secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) is metabolized to enterolactone, a potent phase 2 protein inducer. Animal and human studies have shown that consumption of flax seed or its component SDG decreases hypertension, serum cholesterol, atherosclerosis, the growth of experimentally-induced cancers as well as metastases of human breast tumours implanted into nude mice, and delays the development of type 2 diabetes. Vitamin D plays a role in modulating inflammation, enhancing ...
Adolphe, J.L., et al., Health effects with consumption of the flax lignan secoisolariciresinol diglucoside. The British journal of nutrition, 2010. 103(7): p. 929-38.. Angerer P, von Schacky C. n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and the cardiovascular system. Curr Opin Lipidol. 2000;11(1):57-63.. Arjmandi BH, Khan DA, Shanil Juma, Drum ML, Sreevidya Venkatesh, Sohn E, et al. Whole flaxseed consumption lowers serum LDL-cholesterol and lipoprotein(a) concentrations in postmenopausal women. Nutr Res. 1998;18(7):1203-14.. Arnold LE, Kleykamp D, Votolato N, Gibson RA, Horrocks L. Potential link between dietary intake of fatty acid and behavior: pilot exploration of serum lipids in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 1994;4(3):171-182.. Bergman Jungestrom, M., L.U. Thompson, and C. Dabrosin, Flaxseed and its lignans inhibit estradiol-induced growth, angiogenesis, and secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor in human breast cancer xenografts in vivo. Clinical ...
1GEG: Crystal structure of meso-2,3-butanediol dehydrogenase in a complex with NAD+ and inhibitor mercaptoethanol at 1.7 A resolution for understanding of chiral substrate recognition mechanisms.
pyruvate decarboxylase ^ CO2. a-acetolactate/acetaldehyde-TPP. ,CO2. CO2 diacetyl reductase diacetyl -^ ^ ► acetoin reductase / % . NADH+H NAD. acetoin reductase c. NADH+H. NAD 2,3-butanediol catalyzed by a-acetolactate synthase and requiring high concentrations of pyruvate. The a-acetolactate is unstable in the presence of oxygen and is finally decarboxylated, nonenzy-matically, to form diacetyl. It is important to note that diacetyl is not necessarily the terminal end-product of the pathway. Further reduction of diacetyl can also occur, forming acetoin and 2,3-butanediol, compounds that contribute no flavor or aroma to the product.. Following the addition of the culture, the mix is incubated at 21°C to 22°C for twelve to sixteen hours. At the end of the fermentation, when the titratable acidity has reached 0.85% to 0.90% and the pH has decreased to about 4.5, the product is cooled to 2°C and agitated to break up the coagulum. Salt is usually added, and, if desired, butter granules or ...
South America Bio Based Platform Chemicals Market analysis offers latest trends, growth factors, industry competitiveness, forecast to 2022, top players
By Harry Levine. Prior to now decade, the significance of amorphous water-soluble components has been more and more known in the nutrients and pharmaceutical industries. In reaction, Amorphous nutrition and Pharmaceutical structures brings jointly present best specialists to give a contribution to this particular cross-disciplinary account of the topic. insurance contains: water-compatible amorphous solids (physical, chemical behaviour), low water content material structures (water as plasticizer); functions in meals and pharmaceutical sciences and industries (processing and balance) besides cutting-edge know-how in foodstuff and pharmaceutical structures. This well timed booklet can be welcomed by way of educational and business researchers and pros within the prescription drugs, meals, fabrics and polymer sciences. learn more... content material: advent : development in amorphous foodstuff and pharmaceutical structures / H. Levine -- the idea that of structure in amorphous solids from the ...
David Levine has served as a Health System Counsel at UC Davis Health System since 2005. Prior to joining the Health System, Mr. Levine was a partner in the law firm Benesch, Friedlander, Coplan & Aronoff LLP in Cleveland, Ohio.. Mr. Levines primary areas of practice involve fraud and abuse compliance counseling, federal health care program reimbursement and general healthcare law. He is a graduate of Boston University School of Law (J.D. 1986) and the University of Michigan (B.A. 1982).. ...
Ironically, for someone who has spent his entire adult life working on global infectious diseases that afflict populations in developing countries, prior to age sixteen, the farthest that he had traveled from his birthplace in New York City was to visit his mothers relatives in Baltimore, MD and Richmond, VA. Yet as a child, he voraciously read books on the history of Europe, Asia, Africa, and South America and was jokingly called a walking atlas because of his extraordinarily detailed knowledge of world geography.. Dr. Levine led the team that created the first single dose vaccine against cholera. The World Health Organization estimates there are between 1.3 and 4 million cases of cholera each year, resulting in 21,000 to 143,000 deaths worldwide. After being fast-tracked for approval by the US Food and Drug Administration, the cholera vaccine was approved in the US in 2016, as an important tool in the fight against this deadly disease.. Mike Levine has also been at the forefront of ...
Levine has helped pioneer a dramatic improvement in treating peritoneal mesothelioma cancer over the past two decades, through research and specialization in the HIPEC/cytoreductive surgery combination.. This is a fascinating disease. And the truth is, were able to help most of these patients now, he said. We know a lot more about this disease than we did 10 year ago when it was absolutely uniform and we didnt understand the subtypes of it.. Too often, Levine hears people talk about the gloom and doom of this once untreatable disease, and of patients giving up before finding a specialty center with the latest expertise in treating it.. The molecular underpinnings of this disease are only now being sorted out in detail, he said. To have a patient read something that is totally wrong, then get completely discouraged, just go home and die - when maybe there was treatment available - is frustrating. It shouldnt be that way.. ...
1. Levine J, Barak Y, Kofman O, et al. Follow-up and relapse analysis of an inositol study of depression. Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci. 1995;32:14-21. 2. Levine J. Controlled trials of inositol in psychiatry. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 1997;7:147-155. 3. Benjamin J, Agam G, Levine J, et al. Inositol treatment in psychiatry. Psychopharmacol Bull. 1995;31:167-175. 4. Nemets B, Mishory A, Levine J, et al. Inositol addition does not improve depression in SSRI treatment failures. J Neural Transm. 1999;106:795-798. 5. Chengappa KN, Levine J, Gershon S, et al. Inositol as an add-on treatment for bipolar depression. Bipolar Disord. 2000;2:47-55. 6. Benjamin J, Levine J, Fux M, et al. Double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of inositol treatment for panic disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1995;152:1084-1086. 7. Palatnik A, Frolov K, Fux M, et al. Double-blind, controlled, crossover trial of inositol versus fluvoxamine for the treatment of panic disorder. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2001;21:335-339. 8. Gelber ...
You cant get far on the University of Rochester Medical Center campus without seeing the names William and Mildred Levine emblazoned across an important space. Mr. Levine, co-founder of Alleson Athletic, a Rochester-based company that designs and manufactures uniforms for athletic teams, didnt just believe in high-quality health care; he was an influential supporter of it. Over the years, he and his family gave more than $4 million to the University of Rochester Medical Center, a large chunk of which supports services for children. Mr. Levine, a great friend of Golisano Childrens Hospital, passed away Nov. 4, 2013, at 97 years old.. We are very sad to lose Mr. Levine in our URMC family, but his legacy is one that we should all aspire to?putting our community first, said Bradford C. Berk, CEO of URMC. The Medical Center and, especially, Golisano Childrens Hospital are better places because of the investments Mr. Levine made in them.. Over the years, Mr. Levine has been an incredible ...
Get an in-depth review and ask questions about Mike Levine (UC Berkeley) Part 2: Transcriptional Precision: Shadow Enhancers. See what people are saying about Mike Levine (UC Berkeley) Part 2: Transcriptional Precision: Shadow Enhancers.
Godavari Biorefineries Ltd Earns Usda Certified Biobased Product Label (100% Biobased Content) For Naturobg ® (1,3-butylene Glycol), Acetic Acid Glacial And Crotonaldehyde ...
Alfa Aesar™ 1,4-Butanediol diacrylate, 85+% (Reactive Esters), stab. with 50-105 ppm hydroquinone 5g Alfa Aesar™ 1,4-Butanediol diacrylate, 85+%...
Instructions for use: Press the sponge into the liquid cushion to release foundation Gently pat onto skin for buildable coverage Close inner lid tightly after use to preserve freshness 14g/ 0.5oz. Ingredients: Aqua / Water, Butylene Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate, Methyl Trimethicone, Dimethicone, Diphenylsiloxy Phenyl Trimethicone, Glycerin, Lauryl Peg-9 Polydimethylsiloxyethyl Dimethicone, Pentylene Glycol, Butylene Glycol, Trisiloxane, Peg-10 Dimethicone, Magnesium Sulfate, Acrylates/Stearyl Acrylate/Dimethicone Methacrylate Copolymer, Phenoxyethanol, Dimethicone Crosspolymer, Lauroyl Lysine, Ethylhexylglycerin, Disteardimonium Hectorite, Polyhydroxystearic Acid, Stearic Acid, Alumina, Triethoxycaprylylsilane, Lecithin, Isopropyl Myristate, Isostearic Acid, Ethylhexyl Palmitate, Adenosine, Polyglyceryl-3 Polyricinoleate, Disodium Edta, Phenylethyl Resorcinol, Benzyl Salicylate, Linalool, Benzyl Alcohol, Butylphenyl Methylpropional, Alpha-Isomethyl Ionone, Parfum / Fragrance, [+/ May Contain Ci 77891 /
EWGs Skin Deep® database gives you practical solutions to protect yourself and your family from everyday exposures to chemicals in personal care products.
EWGs Skin Deep® database gives you practical solutions to protect yourself and your family from everyday exposures to chemicals in personal care products.
1, 4 Butanediol, or BDO, is used to manufacture various acetylenic chemicals used in everything from apparel to electronics to lube oils to hairsprays. Hexion serves a base of BDO producers who synthesize our formaldehyde with acetylene in their production process to form 1,4 Butanediol as a building block for Tetrahydrofuran (THF), gamma-Butyrolactone, Polybutylene Terephthalate resins and in polyurethanes. Our offering includes: ...
The US Department of Energy is supporting projects to investigate and recommend promising pathways for advanced biological upgrading of biomass sugars and lignin to hydrocarbons (HC) and co-products to support the DOE BETO 2022 goal of enabling advanced HC fuels at $3/GGE.. In this project, a NREL-led research team is investigating the engineering of Zymomonasfor 2,3 butanediol production; lignin upgrading to muconicacid by Pseudomonas; and improving production of fatty alcohols in oleaginous yeast. Project leader Michael E. Himmel at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory prepared these illuminating slides on the projects promise and progress for the DOE Project Peer Review meetings. ...
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE DESIGN It is impossible to begin a discussion of psychological principles of programming language design without recalling the story of ``Levine the Genius Tailor. It seems that a man had gone to Levine to have a suit made cheaply, but when the suit was finished and he went to try it on, it didnt fit him at all. ``Look, he said, ``the jacket is much too big in back. ``No problem, replied Levine, showing him how to hunch over his back to take up the slack in the jacket. ``But then what about the right arm? Its three inches too long. ``No problem, Levine repeated, demonstrating how, by leaning to one side and stretching out his right arm, the sleeve could be made to fit. ``And what about these pants? The left leg is too short. ``No problem, said Levine for the third time, and proceeded to teach him how to pull up his leg at the hip so that, though he limped badly, the suit appeared to fit. Having no more complaints, the man set off hobbling down the street, ...
Learn more about Butanediol (Bd) uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Butanediol (Bd)
A biological method for the conversion of L-glutamate to 1,4-butanediol that involves a decarboxylation step and avoids production of 4-hydroxybutyrate as an intermediate is described. The method includes: (a) conversion of L-glutamate to L-glutamate 5- phosphate; (b) conversion of L-glutamate 5 -phosphate to L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde; (c) conversion of L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde to 5-hydroxy-L-norvaline;(d) conversion of 5-hydroxy-L-norvaline to 5-hydroxy-2-oxopentanoate; (e) conversion of 5-hydroxy-2- oxopentanoate to 4-hydroxybutanal; and (f) the conversion of 4-hydroxybutanal to 1,4- butanediol.
A 72-hour toxicity test was carried out to determine growth inhibition effects of 2-Oxepanone, polymer with 1,4-butanediol on the green alga Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata. The study was carried aout according to OECD guideline no. 201. Test solutions were created by diluting a stock solution of the test substance in growth media. The duration of exposure was 72 hours and test solutions were kept on a shaking table at 21-24 ± 2°C throughout. Illumination was approximately 100 µE m-2 s-1.m. Six replicates were used for the control and three for the test solutions. The pH was measured at test initiation and also at test termination. Samples for analytical determination of test concentration were also taken from the highest and lowest concentrations at this time. These samples were analysed separately at a non-GLP laboratory. The 72-hour ErC50 of 165 mg/L was found for the response variable average specific growth rate when exposed to 2-oxepanone, polymer with 1,4-butanediol. The 72-hour NOEC ...
1, 4-Butanediol Market - Growing number of global sporting events is expected to augment sport apparel demand, which is likely to reflect in 1,4-BDO market. However, volatile raw material prices coupled with stringent environment regulations, mainly in North America and Europe is expected to be a key challenge for market participants over the next six years. In order to overcome these challenges, the industry has shifted its focus towards developing bio-based 1,4-BDO which along with providing an eco friendly solution also provides cost competitiveness against its synthetic counterpart. Some major companies developing bio-based routes to 1,4-BDO include BASF, Purac, DSM, Mitsubishi Chemicals, Myriant and Genomatica.. Browse Detail Report with TOC @ http://www.hexareports.com/report/1-4-butanediol-market-analysis-and-segment-forecasts-to-2020/details. THF emerged as the leading application for 1,4-BDO and accounted for 29.9% of the total market volume in 2013. Polyurethane, on account of growing ...
Steven M. Levine, M.D. is an aesthetic and reconstructive plastic surgeon in New York City specializing in cosmetic surgery of the face, breast, and body. After 7 years of training in plastic surgery at New York University, Dr. Levine is celebrating his 4th year of practice with his mentor, Dr. Daniel C. Baker. Like Dr. Baker, his early years were devoted to microsurgery and limb reattachment as well as head and neck cancer reconstruction.. Now he is following in Dr. Bakers footsteps, performing aesthetic surgery of the face, nose, eyelids, and breasts, as well as body sculpting and liposuction. Dr. Levine continues to dedicate time to facial cancer and reconstructive surgery.. Dr. Levine has numerous publications on cosmetic plastic surgery, breast reconstruction, facial reconstruction, and liposuction. In addition, Dr. Steven Levine has been invited to present on these topics at both national and international meetings. Read Dr. Levines research publications here.. ...
BUTYLENE GLYCOL ingredient for cosmetics formulations - find latest products launched and their applications in relevant industry news and technical articles
TY - JOUR. T1 - Improved 2,3-butanediol yield and productivity from lignocellulose biomass hydrolysate in metabolically engineered Enterobacter aerogenes. AU - Kim, Duck Gyun. AU - Yoo, Seok Woo. AU - Kim, Minsun. AU - Ko, Ja Kyong. AU - Um, Youngsoon. AU - Oh, Min Kyu. N1 - Funding Information: This research was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of South Korea funded by the Korean Government (2012M1A2A2026560 and 2018M3A9F3079643). Funding Information: This research was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of South Korea funded by the Korean Government ( 2012M1A2A2026560 and 2018M3A9F3079643 ). Publisher Copyright: © 2020 Elsevier Ltd Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2020/8. Y1 - 2020/8. N2 - We previously engineered Enterobacter aerogenes for glucose and xylose co-utilization and 2,3-butanediol production. Here, strain EMY-22 was further engineered to improve the 2,3-butanediol titer, productivity, and yield by reducing the ...
NAD-dependent butanediol dehydrogenase (Bdh1p) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae reversibly transforms acetoin to 2,3-butanediol in a stereospecific manner. Deletion of BDH1 resulted in an accumulation of acetoin and a diminution of 2,3-butanediol in two S. cerevisiae strains under two different growth …
Looking for online definition of 1,4 butanediol in the Medical Dictionary? 1,4 butanediol explanation free. What is 1,4 butanediol? Meaning of 1,4 butanediol medical term. What does 1,4 butanediol mean?
Metabolic Engineering of Thermophilic Bacillus licheniformis for Chiral Pure D-2,3-Butanediol Production Another BDO, 2,3-Butanediol, is also a potential fuel and a platform chemical. Organisms that natively produce the chemical are pathogenic and can only form the product with fermentations at 37°C. To transform the Bacillus licheniformis they had to use a protoplast fusion method. They were able to utilize xylose as a feedstock at 50°C to create 2,3-Butanediol. This will be helpful to utilize lignocellulose substrates as higher temperatures are helpful because of higher rates of degradation and fewer enzymes are need to be added [13]. Metabolic engineering of a thermophilic bacterium to produce ethanol at high yield In this paper the authors used Thermoanaerobacterium saccharolyticum and made knockouts in the genes for acetate kinase, phosphate acetyltransferase, and L-lactate dehydrogenase. Their strain was able to produce high yields of ethanol as the only measurable fermentation ...
Studies conducted in Asian populations have suggested that high consumption of soy-based foods that are rich in isoflavone phytoestrogens is associated with a reduced risk of breast cancer. In the prospectively examined associations between the risk of postmenopausal invasive breast cancer and dietary intakes of four plant lignans (pinoresinol, lariciresinol, secoisolariciresinol, and matairesinol) and estimated exposure to two enterolignans (enterodiol and enterolactone), as measured with a self-administered diet history questionnaire, among 58,049 postmenopausal French women who were not taking soy isoflavone supplements, posted in PubMed, showed that hgh dietary intakes of plant lignans and high exposure to enterolignans were associated with reduced risks of ER- and PR-positive postmenopausal breast cancer in a Western population that does not consume a diet rich in soy ...
ANSEL JL, MORETTI C, RAHARIVELOMANANA P, HANO C (2016) Cosmetopoeia. CR Chimie 19: 1033-1034. BAUDE M et al. (2016) Historical nectar assessment reveals the fall and the rise of floral resources in Britain. Nature 530: 85-88.. BOURGEOIS C, LECLERC E, CORBIN C, DOUSSOT J, SERRANO V, VANNIER JR, SEIGNEURET JM, AUGUIN D, PICHON C, LESELLIER E, LAINÉ E, HANO C (2016) Nettle (Urtica dioica L.) as a natural source of antioxidant and anti-aging phytochemicals for cosmetic applications. CR Chimie 19: 1090-1100.. FANG J, RAMSAY A, RENOUARD S, HANO C, LAMBLIN F, CHABBERT B, MESNARD F, SCHNEIDER B (2016) Laser microdissection and spatiotemporal Pinoresinol-Lariciresinol reductase gene expression assign the cell layer-specific accumulation of secoisolariciresinol diglucoside in flaxseed coats. Frontiers in Plant Science 7: 1743.. HEBRARD C, PETERSON DG, WILLEMS G, DELAUNAY A, JESSON B, LEFEBVRE M, BARNES S, MAURY S. (2016) Epigenomics and bolting tolerance in sugar beet genotypes. Journal of Experimental ...
Dr. Mark Taff & Dr. Brad Levine specializes in using the Cone Beam, CT Scan and 3-D Imaging for advanced views below the surface. Schedule your appointment today to see Dr. Mark Taff & Dr. Brad Levine and get a closer look at your oral health.
12255 INGREDIENTS: ALCOHOL • PARFUM (FRAGRANCE) • AQUA (WATER) • LINALOOL • LIMONENE • ETHYLHEXYL METHOXYCINNAMATE • HYDROXYCITRONELLAL • BENZYL SALICYLATE • COUMARIN • DIETHYLAMINO HYDROXYBENZOYL HEXYL BENZOATE • BUTYL METHOXYDIBENZOYLMETHANE • BUTYLENE GLYCOL DICAPRYLATE/DICAPRATE • ALPHA-ISOMETHYL IONONE • BHT • BENZYL BENZOATE • BENZYL ALCOHOL • CITRAL • ISOEUGENOL • GERANIOL • FARNESOL • TOCOPHEROL • EUGENOL • CI 14700 (RED 4) • CI 60730 (EXT. VIOLET 2) • CI 19140 (YELLOW 5) #12533 INGREDIENTS: AQUA (WATER) • PEG-8 BEESWAX • PARAFFIN • STYRENE/ACRYLATES/AMMONIUM METHACRYLATE COPOLYMER • PEG-12 CARNAUBA • VP/EICOSENE COPOLYMER • STEARYL ALCOHOL • PALMITIC ACID • PVP • STEARIC ACID • AMINOMETHYL PROPANEDIOL • PENTYLENE GLYCOL • POLYBUTENE • PHENOXYETHANOL • BUTYLENE GLYCOL • HYDROXYETHYLCELLULOSE • CAPRYLYL GLYCOL • CRAMBE ABYSSINICA SEED OIL • SODIUM LAURETH-12 SULFATE • PARFUM (FRAGRANCE) • SODIUM ...
Purified water, titanium dioxide, Cyclopentasiloxane, the chilhek silme methoxy cinnamate, siloxane cyclohexanone, methyl siloxy silicate tree, Glycerin, Butylene Glycol rate frills digital camera / digital camera freight, not three tilpi / p Fiji -10/1 dimethicone chikon, digital cameras frills reel carbonate, Butylene glycol, dimethicone blood page -10, methyl methacrylate cross polymer, sodium chloride, distearyl dimonium hectorite, rengeul pentyl glycol, citrus peel extract, I extract, green tea extract , camellia leaf extract, baeknyeoncho fruit extract, sorbitan a source Te rate, mica, tree behenic, beeswax, dimethicone / vinyl dimethicone cross polymer, hexyl laurate, dimethicone, aluminum hydroxide, tri Flick in Chicago frills reel silane, vinyl dimethicone / mechi konsil silsesquioxane cross polymers, silica di methyl silyl acrylate, stearic acid, silica, hydro jeneyi suited castor oil source Te rate, H. dI / tree methylation come hexyl lactone cross polymer, the disodium dithiane a, ...
Br. 23 Natural beige. Signature Real Complete BB krema omekšava nesavršenosti tena, prikriva crvenilo i daje ujednačenost zadržavajući istovremeno prirodan izgled. Sadrži anti-age antioksidanse kako bi dugoročno poboljšala stanje kože.. Hipoalergena, nekomedogena, ne sadrži parabene, mineralna ulja, alkohol, GMO, Triklosan i benzofenone. Ova krema idealna je za osjetljivu i problematičnu kožu.. Njezina formula sadrži ginko vodu i botanički kompleks od 50 prirodnih ekstrakata kao i peptidni kompleks koji daje koži obilje vlage i održava ju nahranjenom.. Odgovara svim tipovima kože.. Način primjene: Nakon njege, nanesite na lice prstima ili spužvicom.. Sastojci: Water, Ginkgo Biloba Leaf Extract, Cyclopentasiloxane, Hydrogenated Polydecene, Hydrogenated Polyisobutene, Butylene Glycol, Propanediol, Phenyl Trimethicone, Butylene Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate, Arbutin, Cetyl PEG/PPG-10/1 Dimethicone, Hydrogenated C6-14 Olefin Polymers, Cyclohexasiloxane, Sodium Chloride, ...
Acetoin (AC) and 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BD) as highly promising bio-based platform chemicals have received more attentions due to their wide range of applications. However, the non-efficient substrate conversion and mutually transition between AC and 2,3-BD in their natural producing strains not only led to a low selectivity but also increase the difficulty of downstream purification. Therefore, synthetic engineering of more suitable strains should be a reliable strategy to selectively produce AC and 2,3-BD, respectively. In this study, the respective AC (alsS and alsD) and 2,3-BD biosynthesis pathway genes (alsS, alsD, and bdhA) derived from Bacillus subtilis 168 were successfully expressed in non-natural AC and 2,3-BD producing Corynebacterium crenatum, and generated recombinant strains, C. crenatum SD and C. crenatum SDA, were proved to produce 9.86 g L−1 of AC and 17.08 g L−1 of 2,3-BD, respectively. To further increase AC and 2,3-BD selectivity, the AC reducing gene (butA) and lactic acid
NAD-dependent (R,R)-butanediol dehydrogenase, catalyzes oxidation of (R,R)-2,3-butanediol to (3R)-acetoin, oxidation of meso-butanediol to (3S)-acetoin, and reduction of ...
Klebsiella terrigena BudR protein: a transcriptional activator controlling the butanediol fermentation pathway in Klebsiella terrigena; MW 32 kDa; amino acid sequence given in first source; GenBank Z48600
0052] An adduct of titanyl phthalocyanine and 2,3-butanediol, for example, an adduct of titanyl phthalocyanine and at least one of (2R,3R)-2,3-butanediol and (2S,3S)-2,3-butanediol can be synthesized in such a manner that titanyl phthalocyanine and (2R,3R)-2,3-butanediol or (2S,3S)-2,3-butanediol (hereinafter also referred to as a butanediol compound) are allowed to react together in any appropriate solvent at room temperature or by heating. For titanyl phthalocyanine serving as a raw material, there can be employed any appropriate well-known synthesis method such as a synthesis method of obtaining from phthalonitrile and titanium tetrachloride, a synthesis method of obtaining from diiminoisoindoline and alkoxy titanium, or a synthesis method of obtaining from phthalonitrile, urea, and alkoxy titanium. A highly pure titanyl phthalocyanine of small chlorine content obtained from diiminoisoindoline and alkoxy titanium is specifically preferable. Further, titanyl phthalocyanine is preferably ...
Lookup HS Codes for Lithuania v 27.11.14 Ethylene, propylene, butylene and butadiene. Avalara LandedCosts helps determine your duty rates and other import taxes for Lithuania.
Skin loss is one of the oldest and still not totally resolved problems in the medical field. Since spontaneous healing of the dermal defects would not occur, the regeneration of full thickness of skin requires skin substitutes. Tissue engineering constructs would provide a three dimensional matrix for the reconstruction of skin tissue and the repair of damage. The aim of the present work is to develop a chitin based scaffold, by blending it with poly(butylene succinate) (PBS), an aliphatic, biodegradable and biocompatible synthetic polymer with excellent mechanical properties. The presence of chondroitin sulfate nanoparticles (CSnp) in the scaffold would favor cell adhesion. A chitin/PBS/CSnp composite hydrogel scaffold was developed and characterized by SEM (Scanning Electron Microscope), FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy), and swelling ratio of scaffolds were analyzed. The scaffolds were evaluated for the suitability for skin tissue engineering application by cytotoxicity, cell attachment,
Chaudhary, D. and Gupta, R. and Hawkins, B. and Bhattacharya, S. 2010. Poly (lactic acid)/poly (butylene succinate) (PLA/PBS) nanocomposites for thin film application, in Mark J Biggs (ed), Chemeca 2010, Sep 26 2010. Adelaide: ICMS Pty Ltd ...
Here is my son Joe. (Here is a second picture.) He graduated with a BS in biochemistry in May,1999, from the University of Iowa, the branch campus of Iowa State University, in Iowa City. He was employed by Pfizer Pharmaceuticals in Groton, Connecticut for two years and an MD at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. Here is a picture of him with his bride Marina (nee Abromovich), who was a classmate of his at Minnesota. Here they are again, the the Drs. Levine. He is currently a medical fellow in hematology and oncology at the University of Minnesota while she is a radiology fellow there. This is my daughter Margo. (Here is a second picture.) She is a graduate of Cornell University where she studied civil engineering and minored in applied mathematics. You think an ISU education is expensive? Well, let me tell you ..... She had an REU at the University of Alabama at Birmingam during the summer of 2001. Here are some pictures of her lecturing on her research: REU Lecture, scene 1 : REU ...
Welcome to our Simple Tooth Extractions page. Contact Meredith Levine, DDS, Inc. today at (310) 286-3111 or visit our office servicing Century City, CA
Dan Witz. Agnostic Front. Oil and digital media on canvas.. Over the weekend at Jonathan LeVine Gallery in Chelsea, New York, the Brooklyn-based artist Dan Witz opened his solo exhibition NY Hardcore, a mosh pit series intricately depicted in a hyper-realistic, trompe loeil technique with oil and digital media. The displayed works are all so purposely consistent - not just in medium, but through the unbound emotions splattered across Witzs many colliding punk youths. One piece bleeds into another, allowing the viewer to escape into New York Citys adrenaline-spiked past.. Unlike typical depictions of the moments of yesteryear, Witz detracts any type of glamorization, and strips the revisit bare, leaving only the dizzying movements of entropy, the addictive intensity that once vibrated off of complete strangers hair and sweat. The artist carves each character uniquely within the masses, and as realistic as physical imperfection goes: the dancing figures grimace mid-scream, exposing tooth ...
Morgan Levine Dolan and its experienced legal team are currently reviewing potential lawsuits for individuals that were exposed to 9/11 WTC dust and who are currently suffering from, and recently diagnosed with, a host of illnesses including various lung conditions, multiple types of cancers other digestive disorders.
Dr. Jeffrey M. Levine has authored numerous articles on topics related to healthcare of the elderly. These include medical history, prevention and treatment of chronic wounds such as pressure ulcers, elder neglect and abuse, and physical restraints. He has also edited a book on legal and regulatory aspects of nursing homes ...
Dr. Jeffrey M. Levine has authored numerous articles on topics related to healthcare of the elderly. These include medical history, prevention and treatment of chronic wounds such as pressure ulcers, elder neglect and abuse, and physical restraints. He has also edited a book on legal and regulatory aspects of nursing homes ...
The Paperback of the Waking the Tiger: Healing Trauma - The Innate Capacity to Transform Overwhelming Experiences by Peter A. Levine at Barnes & Noble.
Good cash management can improve a companys liquidity, reduce costs, and increase profitability. Lederer, Levine & Assoc., LLC can help you maintain optimal cash flow levels by tracking sources and uses, forecasting, and budgeting accordingly. To a business entity, cash flow is something that can make or break the business ability to survive. We can help you analyze your spending, re-balance your budget and/or debts for an optimal cash flow to support your business success. This balance plan would be revisited if and when there were any major changes in your business structure to ensure that you are operating at an optimal level. With our help and guidance, you will always be on top of your finances and ready for the future. ...
Levine Eye Center is your local optometrist in Rutherford serving all of your vision care needs. Call us today at 201-438-4418 for an appointment.
Levine Eye Center is your local optometrist in Rutherford serving all of your vision care needs. Call us today at 201-438-4418 for an appointment.
Dr. Michael A Levine, MD, rated 3.8/5 by patients. 39 reviews, Phone number & practice locations, Urologist in New Hyde Park, NY.
Connect with Dr. Steven Levine, General Surgery, Saint Petersburg, FL. Video chat, send a message, ask a text question, or make a virtual appointment on the doctors Virtual Practice on HealthTap.
Potential Financial Conflicts of Interest:Consultancies: G.N. Levine (Aventis, Schering-Plough, Merck, Pfizer, The Medicines Company), P.B. Berger (BMS/Sanofi, Aventis), T.A. Sanborn (Davax, Boston Scientific, Genvac, Ethicon); Honoraria: G.N. Levine (Aventis, Schering-Plough, Merck, Pfizer, The Medicines Company), P.B. Berger (BMS/Sanofi, Aventis); Grants received: P.B. Berger (BMS/Sanofi, Merck, Cordis Millennium), T.A. Sanborn (X-SITE Medical).. Requests for Single Reprints: Glenn N. Levine, MD, Section of Cardiology 3C-330, Houston Veterans Affairs Medical Center (111-B), 2002 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030; e-mail, [email protected] Current Author Addresses: Dr. Levine: Section of Cardiology 3C-330, Houston Veterans Affairs Medical Center (111-B), 2002 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, TX 77030.. Dr. Kern: St. Louis University, 3635 Vista Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63110.. Dr. Berger: Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905.. Dr. Brown: Beth Israel Medical Center, 16th Street ...
Steven E Levine MD is a Pain Management Specialist who practices in Carmel, IN. Get a full report about this doctors background by clicking here.
William Levine, MD presents the Catalyst CSR™ Total Shoulder System, including two new components, during the 2019 ASES meeting on Saturday, Oct. 19.
Visit Healthgrades for information on Dr. Jeremiah Levine, MD Find Phone & Address information, medical practice history, affiliated hospitals and more.
Candida parapsilosis ATCC ® 22019™ Designation: CBS 604 [CCRC 20515, DBVPG 6150, DMS 5784, IBL 2545, IFO 1396, IGC 2545, JCM 1785, NCYC 601, NRRL Y-12969, UCD 61-27] Application: Assay of itraconzaole Assay of ketoconazole Control strain for identification Degrades hydroxybenzoate Degrades phenol Produces (S)-1,3-butanediol dehydrogenase Produces lipase Quality control Quality control strain Susceptibility disc testing Susceptibility testing Antifungal susceptibility testing Ref Ref
TAL (see figure) is an ideal platform molecule for the synthesis of an array of materials, including bioactive natural products and specialty chemicals. This work sets the stage for complex three-component condensations of TAL that propagate molecular diversity even more rapidly.. Understanding the reactivity of TAL is necessary to realize the full potential of this platform molecule and ultimately to incorporate its reactivity patterns into a computational framework. Accordingly, TAL has been the focus of bio-catalysis advances by companion CBiRC research activities.. TAL contains multiple nucleophilic and electrophilic sites. Acylation of TAL occurs selectively at C-3. In contrast, alkylation of the mono-anion of TAL occurs on the oxygen atom at C-4 and alkylation of the dianion of TAL occurs at the methyl group at C-6. Analogs of pogostone are readily generated by acylation with acids. CBiRC researchers have found that some of chemically-generated analogs are metabolites in the plant that ...
Lignans in flaxseed are known to be part of a macromolecule in which they are connected through the linker-molecule hydroxy-methyl-glutaric acid (HMGA). In this study, the lignan macromolecule was extracted from flaxseed hulls and degraded to its mon
"1,3 Butylene Glycol". Marie, Christine; Bralet, Anne-Marie; Bralet, Jean (1987). "Protective Action of 1,3-Butanediol in ... "1,3-butylene glycol - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. ...
Strecker HJ, Harary I (November 1954). "Bacterial butylene glycol dehydrogenase and diacetyl reductase". The Journal of ... butylene glycol dehydrogenase, diacetyl (acetoin) reductase, D-aminopropanol dehydrogenase, D-aminopropanol dehydrogenase, 1- ...
"Synthesis of elastic biodegradable polyesters of ethylene glycol and butylene glycol from sebacic acid". Acta Biomaterialia. 8 ... Carother's research was incomplete and had not advanced to investigating the polyester formed from mixing ethylene glycol and ... butylene terephthalate), are high-melting semicrystalline materials (m. p. 160-280 °C) that and have found use as engineering ... and monoethylene glycol (MEG). With 18% market share of all plastic materials produced, it ranges third after polyethylene ( ...
... butylene succinate) containing styrene glycol units". European Polymer Journal. 36 (12): 2693-2698. doi:10.1016/S0014-3057(00) ... Copolymerizing styrene glycol with adipic acid and ethylene glycol can result in phenyl side chains being added to PEA. Adding ... Second, a melt condensation of ethylene glycol and adipic acid could be carried out at 190-200 °C under nitrogen atmosphere. ... Adding PEA to PLLA was shown to reduce the brittleness of PLLA significantly more than poly(butylene adipate) (PBA), poly( ...
"1,3 Butylene Glycol".. *^ Marie, Christine; Bralet, Anne-Marie; Bralet, Jean (1987). "Protective Action of 1,3-Butanediol in ... "1,3-butylene glycol - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. ... Butane-1,3-diol[1] OtherNames = 1,3-butylene glycol, butane-1,3-diol, or 1,3-dihydroxybutane ...
The yeasts also help keep levels low by consuming diacetyl and reducing it to acetoin and butylene glycol. Diacetyl production ...
Other enterics subsequently use the butylene glycol pathway to metabolize pyruvic acid to neutral end products. These bacteria ...
Propylene glycol, hexylene glycol, and butylene glycol Aloe vera gel Alpha hydroxy acids such as lactic acid Egg yolk and egg ... Humectants used in cosmetics include triethylene glycol, tripropylene glycol, propylene glycol, and PPGs. Other popular ... hexylene and butylene glycol, urea, and collagen. Glycerin is one of the most popular humectants used because it produces the ... "Safety Assessment of Propylene Glycol, Tripropylene Glycol, and PPGs as Used in Cosmetics". International Journal of Toxicology ...
... butylene glycols MeSH D02.033.455.125.125 - busulfan MeSH D02.033.455.250 - ethylene glycols MeSH D02.033.455.250.130 - chloral ... polyethylene glycols MeSH D02.033.455.250.700.150 - cetomacrogol MeSH D02.033.455.250.700.485 - hydrogel MeSH D02.033.455.250. ... propylene glycols MeSH D02.033.455.706.100 - alpha-chlorohydrin MeSH D02.033.455.706.300 - chloramphenicol MeSH D02.033.455.706 ... propylene glycol MeSH D02.033.455.706.900 - tromethamine MeSH D02.033.455.843 - sphingosine MeSH D02.033.480.300 - ...
... butylene succinate), poly(butylene succinate-co-adipate)and poly(butylene terephthalate-co-adipate) as drug encapsulation ... the reaction between succinic acid and ethylene glycol to form what he named "succino-ethylenic acid". He noticed that this ... ISBN 978-3-642-03286-8. Missing or empty ,title= (help) Xu, J. (2010). "Microbial Succinic acid, its polymer poly(butylene ... Xu, J. (2010). "Microbial Succinic acid, its polymer poly(butylene succinate), and applications". Plastics from Bacteria. ...
... , also called butylene glycol, may refer to any one of four stable structural isomers: 1,2-Butanediol 1,3-Butanediol ...
... ethylene glycol, water and inhibitor mixture polyesters - any of several polymers with ester linkages in the main chain glycol ... and some amine butene isomers of butylene - useful as monomers or co-monomers isobutylene - feed for making methyl tert-butyl ... used in engine coolant and aircraft deicer fluid glycol ethers - from the condensation of glycols acrylic acid acrylic polymers ... via ethylene oxidation ethylene glycol - via ethylene oxide hydration engine coolant - ...
Other popular humectants in cosmetics include glycerin, sorbitol (sugar alcohol), hexylene and butylene glycol, urea, and ... Humectants used in cosmetics include triethylene glycol,[16] tripropylene glycol,[17] propylene glycol, and PPGs. ... "Safety Assessment of Propylene Glycol, Tripropylene Glycol, and PPGs as Used in Cosmetics". International Journal of Toxicology ... "Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Triethylene Glycol and PEG-41". International Journal of Toxicology. 25 (2_suppl): 121 ...
3-butylene glycol in vitro". Acta Dermato-venereologica. R. Rietschel; J. Fowler; A. Fisher Hexylene Glycol. In Fisher's ... Hexylene Glycol Product Page Hexylene Glycol at Jena Bioscience, Hexylene Glycol Product Page Chemicalland21.com Hexylene ... Additionally hexylene glycol is not a strong denaturing agent and thus does not significantly alter the structure of a protein ... When hexylene glycol binds to these different locations, water is removed and the protein crystals anneal, which prevents ice ...
"1,3-butylene glycol - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information (26 March 2005). ...
... oxide is subsequently hydrolyzed in vivo to styrene glycol by the enzyme epoxide hydrolase. The U.S. Environmental ... styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene), styrene-divinylbenzene (S-DVB), styrene-acrylonitrile resin (SAN), and unsaturated ...
... butylene terephthalate) transesterification. II. Structure analysis of the reaction products by IR and 1H and 13C NMR". Journal ... ethylene glycol), PEG). Mutlu, Hatice; Lutz, Jean-François (2014). "Reading Polymers: Sequencing of Natural and Synthetic ...
Styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene (SEBS), used in low self-adhering non-woven applications. Styrene-ethylene/propylene (SEP) ... diurethane bridges resulting from diisocyanate reacting with a small-molecule glycol chain extender). The rigid segments form ...
Test Method for Purity of Propylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether, Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether, and Propylene Glycol ... Test Method for Butylene Analysis by Gas Chromatography D4425 - 19 Test Method for Oil Separation from Lubricating Grease by ... Specification for Propylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether Acetate D4836 - 09(2017) Specification for Dipropylene Glycol Monomethyl ... Test Method for Trace Ethylene Glycol in Used Engine Oil D4292 - 17 Test Method for Determination of Vibrated Bulk Density of ...
In the presence of strong acids, THF converts to a linear polymer called poly(tetramethylene ether) glycol (PTMEG), also known ... Butylene oxide. Cyclotetramethylene oxide. Diethylene oxide. Tetra-methylene oxide. Identifiers CAS Number ...
Unlike methanol or ethylene glycol poisoning, the metabolites of isopropyl alcohol are less toxic, and treatment is largely ... unless co-ingestion with methanol or ethylene glycol is suspected.[33] ...
ഒരു ജൈവസംയുക്തമാണ് അസെറ്റോൺ (Acetone) അഥവാ പ്രൊപനോൺ (propanone). ഇതിന്റെ രാസസൂത്രം (CH3)2CO ആണ്.[14] നിറമില്ലാത്ത, ബാഷ്പീകരണശേഷിയുള്ള, കത്തുന്ന ഈ ദ്രാവകം ഏറ്റവും ലളിതവും ചെറുതുമായ കീറ്റോൺ ആണ്. ജലത്തിൽ ലയിക്കുന്ന ഈ പദാർത്ഥം സ്വന്തം നിലയിലും നല്ലൊരു ലായകം ആണ്. 2010 -ൽ ഇതിന്റെ ഉൽപ്പാദനം 67 ലക്ഷം ടണ്ണോളം ആണ്. പ്രധാനമായും മീതൈൽ മെതാക്രിലേറ്റിന്റെയും ബൈസ്ഫിനോൾ ഏ യുടെയും നിർമ്മാണത്തിനാണ് അസെറ്റോൺ ...
... widely used as an automotive antifreeze as well as higher molecular weight glycols, glycol ethers and polyethylene ... Clockwise from the upper right: its conversions to ethylene oxide, precursor to ethylene glycol; to ethylbenzene, precursor to ... Ethylene oxide is also hydrolyzed to produce ethylene glycol, ... Butylene. *Centalun. *Chloral. *Chloral betaine. *Chloral ...
The yeasts also help keep levels low by consuming diacetyl and reducing it to acetoin and butylene glycol.[5] ...
About BUTYLENE GLYCOL: Butylene glycol (1.3-Butanediol) is a small organic alcohol used as solvent and conditioning agent.. ... Synonym(s): 1,3-BUTANEDIOL; 1,3-BUTYLENE GLYCOL; 1,3-DIHYDROXYBUTANE; 1,3BUTANEDIOL; 3-HYDROXY-1-BUTANOL; ACEROLA EXTRACT BG-25 ...
EWGs Skin Deep® database gives you practical solutions to protect yourself and your family from everyday exposures to chemicals in personal care products.
... sell and distribute its Brontide butylene glycol to the North American personal care market. The partners expect Brontide to be ... Natural, Pure Butylene Glycol from Genomatica Brontide is a natural, pure butylene glycol extracted from a sustainable and ... Genomatica, a bio-based chemical supplier, has appointed Viachem to market, sell and distribute its Brontide butylene glycol to ...
... pure butylene glycol extracted from a sustainable and renewable sugar fermentation process. According to Genomatica, this ... or looking to reformulate existing products by replacing petroleum-based glycol with a natural butylene glycol that delivers ... Brontide is a natural, pure butylene glycol extracted from a sustainable and renewable sugar fermentation process. According to ...
In Europe, 1,3-butylene glycol (1,3-BG industrial quality) will increase €/100 mt, and 1,3-butylene glycol (1,3-BG cosmetic ... 3-butylene glycol products effective October 1, 2015, or as contracts allow. ... 3-Butylene Glycol. Oxea Announces Sales Control on 1,3-Butylene Glycol. Oxea Announces Price Increase for Neopentyl Glycol. ... In Europe, 1,3-butylene glycol (1,3-BG industrial quality) will increase €/100 mt, and 1,3-butylene glycol (1,3-BG cosmetic ...
Butylene glycol dicaprylate/dicaprate is a natural ingredient for use in cosmetics on sensitive skin, ideal for sun care, lip ... Butylene glycol dicaprylate/dicaprate Safety Data Sheet (SDS). Butylene glycol dicaprylate/dicaprate The SDS can be downloaded ... Butylene glycol dicaprylate/dicaprate Technical Data Sheet (TDS). Butylene glycol dicaprylate/dicaprate The TDS can be ... Butylene glycol dicaprylate/dicaprate. Owing to its low irritation potential and its excellent spreadability Butylene glycol ...
My 6 month old pup 5.5kg has injected about a gram of face mask lotion contains the following ingredients Butylene glycol, ... My dog just ate face primer that contains water, dimethicone/vinyl dimethicone cross polymer, glycerin, butylene glycol, ... butylene - Answered by a verified Dog Veterinarian ...
3-Butylene Glycol Market to 2024: Quest to Develop Cost Effective Fermentation Process to Produce 1,3-Butylene Glycol. Tuesday ... 3-butylene glycol.. 1,3 butylene glycol is used as raw material for polyester plasticizers and unsaturated polyester resins ... 178-mn-1-3-butylene-glycol-market-to-2024-quest-to-develop-cost-effective-fermentation-process-to-produce-1-3-butylene-glycol- ... 1,3-Butylene Glycol (1,3-BG) Market forecasted to reach $178.5 million by 2024, according to the study, the global 1,3-butylene ...
3-butylene Glycol industry, 1,3-butylene Glycol analysis and current trends. In XYZResearchs report,XYZ-research offers a ... 3-butylene Glycol market. It also includes discussion on historical trends, current market status, competitive landscape, ... 3-butylene Glycol Market Analysis 2020 with Top Companies, Production, Consumption,Price and Growth Rate has complete details ... 1,3-butylene Glycol Production, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin. *4.3.4 Shanghai Jinjin Industry Co., Ltd. 1,3-butylene Glycol ...
3-Butylene Glycol industry, 2,3-Butylene Glycol analysis and current trends. The research report includes specific segments by ... 3-Butylene Glycol Market Outlook 2021 has complete details about market of 2, ... 3-Butylene Glycol. *1.2 2,3-Butylene Glycol Segment by Type*1.2.1 Global 2,3-Butylene Glycol Sales Growth Rate Comparison by ... Global 2,3-Butylene Glycol Market Outlook 2021 * COVID-19 Impact on Global 2,3-Butylene Glycol Market Insights, Forecast to ...
... is thicker and less of a humectant than Propylene Glycol. Many times plant extracts are dissolved in Butylene ... Butylene glycol (aka 1,3 Butanediol) Good Excellent humectant, and it adds slipperiness. Very similar to propylene glycol [ ... Glycol. It also has some antimicrobial abilities, especially good at killing molds, but only when present in high amounts [ ...
Butylene Glycol Version. Ferula foetida is a perennial shrub that can grow 5 to 8 feet high, and it has been used throughout ... Hibiscus Extract Butylene Glycol can be added to a variety of topical products, including moisturizers and cleansers to promote ... Contains Butylene Glycol. Because of its antioxidative and astringent properties, spotted orchid may help increase tone while ...
Global Butylene Glycol Market 2019: Kyowa Hakko Europe Butylene Glycol Market Global Butylene Glycol Market 2019 report offers ... Butylene Glycol Market to Incur Considerable Upsurge Butylene Glycol is a colorless organic alcohol liquid It is used as skin ... Butylene Glycol Market 2019 Growth Analysis Share Global "Butylene Glycol Market" 2019 Industry Research Report is a ... ethylene glycol 1 2- and 1 3-propylene glycols and 2 3-butylene glycol) in water after derivatization with benzoyl chloride ...
BUTYLENE GLYCOL ,, Skin Deep® Cosmetics Database , EWG. About BUTYLENE GLYCOL: Butylene glycol (1.3-Butanediol) is a small ... Butylene Glycol , Cosmetics Info. Butylene Glycol, Hexylene Glycol, Ethoxydiglycol and Dipropylene Glycol are in the ... Butylene Glycol - The Dermatology Review. 28 Sep 2018 But is butylene glycol really such a bad ingredient? passages if it is ... What Are Propylene and Butylene Glycol, and Are They Safe? - Lab 20 May 2018 Propylene and butylene glycols are found in lots ...
... the latest release from HTF MI highlights the key market trends impacting the growth of theGlobal Butylene Glycol Industry ... Unlock new opportunities in Global Butylene Glycol Industry Market: ... Market Share of Butylene Glycol Segmented by Region in 2017. 9 Global Butylene Glycol Market Analysis and Forecast by Type and ... 7 Global Butylene Glycol Market Status and SWOT Analysis by Regions. 7.1 North America Butylene Glycol Market Status and SWOT ...
Butylene glycol, or lets just call it BG, is a multi-tasking colorless, syrupy liquid. Its a great pick for creating a nice ... Ingredient: Butylene Glycol Please include a reference to back up your feedback otherwise we will not be able to evaluate it. ... Butylene glycol, or lets just call it BG, is a multi-tasking colorless, syrupy liquid. Its a great pick for creating a nice ... Products with Butylene Glycol. AOA Studio A+ Setting Spray Aprilskin Calendula Pha Peel Pads Aprilskin Real Calendula Deep ...
Butylene glycol, or lets just call it BG, is a multi-tasking colorless, syrupy liquid. Its a great pick for creating a nice ... Ingredient: Butylene Glycol Please include a reference to back up your feedback otherwise we will not be able to evaluate it. ... Products with Butylene Glycol. ,, Back to the ingredient description Algenist Hydratant Essence Toner Algenist Hydrating ...
BUTYLENE GLYCOL ingredient for cosmetics formulations - find latest products launched and their applications in relevant ... Articles related to BUTYLENE GLYCOL Jun 18, 2014 ,Article. New Natural Bio-based Cosmetic Ingredients that are Substantive to ... News related to BUTYLENE GLYCOL Aug 25, 2014 ,Product News. Cosmetics Companies to Exhibit Global Skin Care Technologies & ... Propylene glycol (1,2-Propanediol) Alternates - By Vispi Kanga Feb 15, 2008 ,Article. Natural Products and Fragrances - By Nick ...
Butylene glycol dicaprylate/dicaprate: mixture of the butylene glycol diesters of caprylic and capric acids. Safe bc caprylic ...
The truth behind the petrol-derived glutylene glycol, and why using it doesnt always have to be harmful to your skin. Glycol ... 1. We dont put any glycol form directly into our formulas, but we get several active ingredients dispersed in butylene glycol ... Butylene glycol is an ingredient present in some of our formulas. We will try to illustrate with some facts that hopefully help ... If in spite of this you want to use a brand without butylene glycol, and that is more purist regarding naturalness, we invite ...
Shop premier beauty products and skin care on line, including the Foot Care line at Elements Beauty Shop. Applied filters: Butylene Glycol
1, 4-Butylene glycol Name:1, 4-Butylene glycol~Tetramethylene glycol; Abbreviation:BDO; Alias:1, 4-Butylene glycol~ ... Name:1, 2-Propanediol; Alias:1, 2-Propanediol;1, 2-Dihydroxypropane;-Propylene glycol;Propylene glycol (+/-)-1-Glycerol, ...
... we focus on Butylene-Glycol. Butylene-Glycol is an effective solubilizer, or dissolving agent. Xophoria uses Butylene-Glycol to ... Download a PDF about Butylene-Glycol.pdf.. Join Me Today!. Im Adam Green, and I am creating a new team of serious leaders at ... Xophoria Uses Butylene-Glycol For Intensive Skin Repair In Orlando. Welcome to the Orlando skin repair blog. Today, ...
butylene glycol Commonly-used ingredient that has multiple functions in cosmetics, including.... ... propylene glycol Along with other glycols and glycerol, propylene glycol is a humectant (hydrating) and delivery ingredient... ... propylene glycol isostearate A mixture of propylene glycol and isostearic acid. See both. This ingredient is used as an... ... propylene glycol stearate Mixture of propylene glycol and stearic acid used as a skin-conditioning agent and emulsifier. ...
... we focus on Butylene-Glycol. Butylene-Glycol is an effective solubilizer, or dissolving agent. Xophoria uses Butylene-Glycol to ... Download a PDF about Butylene-Glycol.pdf.. Join Me Today!. Im Adam Green, and I am creating a new team of serious leaders at ... Xophoria Uses Butylene-Glycol For Intensive Skin Repair In Inland Empire. Posted on January 11, 2018 by andreakramer ...
... we focus on Butylene-Glycol. Butylene-Glycol is an effective solubilizer, or dissolving agent. Xophoria uses Butylene-Glycol to ... Download a PDF about Butylene-Glycol.pdf.. Join Me Today!. Im Adam Green, and I am creating a new team of serious leaders at ... Xophoria Uses Butylene-Glycol For Intensive Skin Repair In Greenwood. Posted on August 8, 2017 by Beth & Tom ...
Butylene glycol, a four-carbon alcohol, is used globally in cosmetics to improve moisture retention and as a carrier for plant ... The GENO BG™ process, a new biobased process technology to make a naturally sourced 1,3-butylene glycol. This is the latest ... Genomatica to make a naturally sourced 1,3-butylene glycol for cosmetics. September 4, 2017 ... The GENO BG process has already produced biobased butylene glycol for sampling and Genomatica has transferred the process to ...
Propylene and butylene glycols are found in lots of personal care products, especially in skincare. Heres the science behind ... while butylene glycol can be used pure without many problems.. Propylene glycol is a bit more irritating than butylene glycol. ... Propylene glycol contains 3 carbon atoms, while butylene glycol is a little larger and contains 4 carbon atoms. In glycols, the ... Propylene and butylene glycol are both humectant moisturisers.. Propylene and butylene glycol are also commonly used in ...
  • For example, glycerin has almost the same structure as propylene glycol, but with an additional alcohol group. (labmuffin.com)
  • Hibiscus Extract Butylene Glycol can be added to a variety of topical products, including moisturizers and cleansers to promote skin enhancing effects such as improving skin elasticity, providing anti-oxidant qualities through Vitamin C. (formulatorsampleshop.com)
  • A liquid blend of Betula Alba Leaf Extract in Butylene Glycol and Water. (supplysideshow.com)
  • The "scary" anti-freeze that causes poisoning is ethylene glycol, which is much like propylene and butylene glycol, but with only 2 carbons. (labmuffin.com)
  • Same deal with the glycols - ethylene glycol is far more toxic than propylene and butylene glycol. (labmuffin.com)
  • Some of the more commonly used chemicals to produce the theatrical smokes include ethylene-glycol (107211), propylene-glycol (57556), 1,3-butylene-glycol (107880), diethylene-glycol (111466), and triethylene-glycol (112276). (cdc.gov)
  • Ethylene glycol, Diethylene glycol mixture (20). (cornell.edu)
  • Ethylene glycol ethyl ether acetate (34) [2-Ethoxyethyl acetate]. (cornell.edu)
  • Cinnamaldehyde ethylene glycol acetal. (fda.gov)
  • 28 Sep 2018 But is butylene glycol really such a bad ingredient? (alchemistbox.be)
  • Genadvance® Life (Polyquaternium-116 Butylene Glycol) is a hair care ingredient that provides shine and volume without making hair frizzy. (alchemistbox.be)
  • Butylene glycol is an ingredient present in some of our formulas. (sepai.eu)
  • One of the common reader requests I get is for "toxic" ingredient breakdowns, so today I'm looking at two ingredients that are commonly on "avoid" lists: propylene and butylene glycol. (labmuffin.com)
  • Butylene glycol dicaprylate/dicaprate is an ester based on 1,3-Butanediol and caprylic/capric fatty acids derived from coconut oil. (naturallythinking.com)
  • Butylene glycol dicaprylate/dicaprate: mixture of the butylene glycol diesters of caprylic and capric acids. (cosdna.com)
  • What Are Propylene and Butylene Glycol, and Are They Safe? (alchemistbox.be)
  • What are propylene and butylene glycol? (labmuffin.com)
  • What do propylene and butylene glycol do in products? (labmuffin.com)
  • Propylene and butylene glycol are both humectant moisturisers. (labmuffin.com)
  • Propylene and butylene glycol are also commonly used in products as solvents . (labmuffin.com)
  • What's wrong with propylene and butylene glycol? (labmuffin.com)
  • There are a whole bunch of reasons why people tell you to avoid propylene and butylene glycol - let's take a look at them. (labmuffin.com)
  • Butylene glycol " usually means butane-1,3-diol, but sometimes it's also used to refer to the related butane-2,3-diol. (labmuffin.com)
  • Genomatica, a bio-based chemical supplier, has appointed Viachem to market, sell and distribute its Brontide butylene glycol to the North American personal care market. (happi.com)
  • According to Genomatica, this product is ideal for personal care manufacturers seeking to develop new, natural, sustainable products, or looking to reformulate existing products by replacing petroleum-based glycol with a natural butylene glycol that delivers the same benefits. (happi.com)
  • The GENO BG process has already produced biobased butylene glycol for sampling and Genomatica has transferred the process to 85,000 liter production fermentors. (thebiojournal.com)
  • 1,3 butylene glycol is used as raw material for polyester plasticizers and unsaturated polyester resins humectant in cosmetics. (websitegear.com)
  • Butylene Glycol is thicker and less of a humectant than Propylene Glycol. (tightlycurly.com)
  • Butylene glycol (1.3-Butanediol) is a small organic alcohol used as solvent and conditioning agent. (ewg.org)
  • Butylene glycol, a four-carbon alcohol, is used globally in cosmetics to improve moisture retention and as a carrier for plant extracts. (thebiojournal.com)
  • Glycols in chemistry are ingredients that contain two OH (alcohol) groups . (labmuffin.com)
  • In glycols, the alcohol groups are attached to different carbons. (labmuffin.com)
  • Propylene glycol usually refers to propane-1,2-diol (formerly known as 1,2-propanediol). (labmuffin.com)
  • Brontide is a natural, pure butylene glycol extracted from a sustainable and renewable sugar fermentation process. (happi.com)
  • Two in vivo degradation studies were performed on segmented poly(ether ester)s based on polyethylene glycol (PEG) and poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) (PEOT/PBT). (utwente.nl)
  • Godavari Biorefineries Ltd earns USDA Certified Biobased Product Label (100% Biobased content) for NaturoBG ® (1,3-Butylene Glycol), Acetic Acid Glacial and Crotonaldehyde. (somaiya.com)
  • We would be the best answer for where to buy 1,4-Butanediol (Tetramethylene Glycol) (1,4-Butylene Glycol) near me .Chemicals are delivered through out India in 7-10 working days and to buy 1,4-Butanediol (Tetramethylene Glycol) (1,4-Butylene Glycol)at ibuychemikals is just a click away. (ibuychemikals.com)
  • Neopentyl glycol has a wide range of functions, among which the main role is to produce oil freeze, alkyd resin , unsaturated polyester resin , flexible soft foam of polyurethane, insulated materials, print inks, synthetic plasticizers, aviation. (ecplaza.net)
  • On the basis of application, cosmetics & personal care products were the largest application area of 1,3-butylene glycol, owing to increasing consciousness and awareness towards haircare and skincare among consumers. (websitegear.com)
  • 20 May 2018 Propylene and butylene glycols are found in lots of personal care products, that can hold onto water and keep your skin or hair hydrated. (alchemistbox.be)
  • Chapter 5: Production Volume, Price, Gross Margin, and Revenue ($) of Butylene Glycol by Regions (2013-2018). (htfmarketreport.com)
  • cyclopentasiloxane, butylene glycol, ammonium acryloyldimethyltaurate/vp copolymer. (nordstromrack.com)
  • Propanediol is a natural alternative for the often used and often bad-mouthed propylene glycol . (incidecoder.com)
  • The company, whose products in Greece are sold exclusively in pharmacies, started reformulating its entire product range five years ago to remove mineral oil, silicon and propylene glycol. (cosmeticsdesign-europe.com)