Butylene Glycols: 4-carbon straight chain aliphatic hydrocarbons substituted with two hydroxyl groups. The hydroxyl groups cannot be on the same carbon atom.Glycols: A generic grouping for dihydric alcohols with the hydroxy groups (-OH) located on different carbon atoms. They are viscous liquids with high boiling points for their molecular weights.ButanonesSuccinic Anhydrides: A subclass of anhydrides with the general structure of dihydrofurandione. They can be substituted on any carbon atom. They modify and inhibit proteins and enzymes and are used in the acylation of amino- and hydroxyl groups.Polyesters: Polymers of organic acids and alcohols, with ester linkages--usually polyethylene terephthalate; can be cured into hard plastic, films or tapes, or fibers which can be woven into fabrics, meshes or velours.Polyethylene Glycols: Polymers of ETHYLENE OXIDE and water, and their ethers. They vary in consistency from liquid to solid depending on the molecular weight indicated by a number following the name. They are used as SURFACTANTS, dispersing agents, solvents, ointment and suppository bases, vehicles, and tablet excipients. Some specific groups are NONOXYNOLS, OCTOXYNOLS, and POLOXAMERS.Ethylene Glycols: An ethylene compound with two hydroxy groups (-OH) located on adjacent carbons. They are viscous and colorless liquids. Some are used as anesthetics or hypnotics. However, the class is best known for their use as a coolant or antifreeze.Propylene Glycol: A clear, colorless, viscous organic solvent and diluent used in pharmaceutical preparations.Fermentation: Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.Carbohydrate Metabolism: Cellular processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of CARBOHYDRATES.Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)Cosmetic Techniques: Procedures for the improvement or enhancement of the appearance of the visible parts of the body.Carboxymethylcellulose Sodium: A cellulose derivative which is a beta-(1,4)-D-glucopyranose polymer. It is used as a bulk laxative and as an emulsifier and thickener in cosmetics and pharmaceuticals and as a stabilizer for reagents.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Directories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Povidone: A polyvinyl polymer of variable molecular weight; used as suspending and dispersing agent and vehicle for pharmaceuticals; also used as blood volume expander.Facial Nerve: The 7th cranial nerve. The facial nerve has two parts, the larger motor root which may be called the facial nerve proper, and the smaller intermediate or sensory root. Together they provide efferent innervation to the muscles of facial expression and to the lacrimal and SALIVARY GLANDS, and convey afferent information for TASTE from the anterior two-thirds of the TONGUE and for TOUCH from the EXTERNAL EAR.Facial Paralysis: Severe or complete loss of facial muscle motor function. This condition may result from central or peripheral lesions. Damage to CNS motor pathways from the cerebral cortex to the facial nuclei in the pons leads to facial weakness that generally spares the forehead muscles. FACIAL NERVE DISEASES generally results in generalized hemifacial weakness. NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION DISEASES and MUSCULAR DISEASES may also cause facial paralysis or paresis.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Gastrointestinal Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, from the MOUTH to the ANAL CANAL.Pancreatic Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).Marketing: Activity involved in transfer of goods from producer to consumer or in the exchange of services.Cacao: A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.Wound Healing: Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.FloridaHoly Roman Empire: Realm in central Europe consisting of a confederation of German and Italian territories under the suzerainty of an emperor and existing from the 9th or 10th century to 1806.Ottoman Empire: A sultanate comprised at various times of parts of EUROPE, ASIA, and AFRICA. Its period extends generally from 1301 to 1922.Byzantium: An ancient city, the site of modern Istanbul. From the 4th to 15th centuries the empire extended from southeastern Europe to western Asia, reaching its greatest extent under Justinian (527-565). By about 1000 A.D. it comprised the southern Balkans, Greece, Asia Minor, and parts of southern Italy. The capture of Constantinople in 1453 marked the formal end of the Byzantine Empire. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988)Russia (Pre-1917)Organizations, Nonprofit: Organizations which are not operated for a profit and may be supported by endowments or private contributions.IndianaCycloparaffins: Alicyclic hydrocarbons in which three or more of the carbon atoms in each molecule are united in a ring structure and each of the ring carbon atoms is joined to two hydrogen atoms or alkyl groups. The simplest members are cyclopropane (C3H6), cyclobutane (C4H8), cyclohexane (C6H12), and derivatives of these such as methylcyclohexane (C6H11CH3). (From Sax, et al., Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Group III Histone Deacetylases: A subclass of histone deacetylases that are NAD-dependent. Several members of the SIRTUINS family are included in this subclass.Skin: The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.Bioengineering: The application of engineering principles and methods to living organisms or biological systems.Bleaching Agents: Chemicals that are used to oxidize pigments and thus effect whitening.Crotonates: Derivatives of BUTYRIC ACID that include a double bond between carbon 2 and 3 of the aliphatic structure. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that include the aminobutryrate structure.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.EstersKetonesAcetohexamide: A sulfonylurea hypoglycemic agent that is metabolized in the liver to 1-hydrohexamide.Dolichol Phosphates: Phosphoric acid esters of dolichol.Dolichol: Eicosamethyl octacontanonadecasen-1-o1. Polyprenol found in animal tissues that contains about 20 isoprene residues, the one carrying the alcohol group being saturated.Siloxanes: Silicon polymers that contain alternate silicon and oxygen atoms in linear or cyclic molecular structures.HydrocarbonsEthylene Oxide: A colorless and flammable gas at room temperature and pressure. Ethylene oxide is a bactericidal, fungicidal, and sporicidal disinfectant. It is effective against most micro-organisms, including viruses. It is used as a fumigant for foodstuffs and textiles and as an agent for the gaseous sterilization of heat-labile pharmaceutical and surgical materials. (From Reynolds, Martindale The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p794)Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Free Radicals: Highly reactive molecules with an unsatisfied electron valence pair. Free radicals are produced in both normal and pathological processes. They are proven or suspected agents of tissue damage in a wide variety of circumstances including radiation, damage from environment chemicals, and aging. Natural and pharmacological prevention of free radical damage is being actively investigated.Erythema: Redness of the skin produced by congestion of the capillaries. This condition may result from a variety of causes.Erythema Nodosum: An erythematous eruption commonly associated with drug reactions or infection and characterized by inflammatory nodules that are usually tender, multiple, and bilateral. These nodules are located predominantly on the shins with less common occurrence on the thighs and forearms. They undergo characteristic color changes ending in temporary bruise-like areas. This condition usually subsides in 3-6 weeks without scarring or atrophy.Adrenergic beta-3 Receptor Agonists: Compounds that bind to and activate ADRENERGIC BETA-3 RECEPTORS.Scleroderma, Systemic: A chronic multi-system disorder of CONNECTIVE TISSUE. It is characterized by SCLEROSIS in the SKIN, the LUNGS, the HEART, the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, the KIDNEYS, and the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM. Other important features include diseased small BLOOD VESSELS and AUTOANTIBODIES. The disorder is named for its most prominent feature (hard skin), and classified into subsets by the extent of skin thickening: LIMITED SCLERODERMA and DIFFUSE SCLERODERMA.Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists: Compounds that bind to and activate ADRENERGIC ALPHA-2 RECEPTORS.

Reduction of serum cholesterol and hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis in rabbits by secoisolariciresinol diglucoside isolated from flaxseed. (1/173)

BACKGROUND: Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) is a plant lignan isolated from flaxseed. Lignans are platelet-activating factor-receptor antagonists that would inhibit the production of oxygen radicals by polymorphonuclear leukocytes. SDG is an antioxidant. Antioxidants studied thus far are known to reduce hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of SDG on various blood lipid and aortic tissue oxidative stress parameters and on the development of atherosclerosis in rabbits fed a high-cholesterol diet. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rabbits were assigned to 4 groups: group 1, control; group 2, SDG control (15 mg. kg body wt-1. d-1 PO); group 3, 1% cholesterol diet; and group 4, same as group 3 but with added SDG (15 mg. kg body wt-1. d-1 PO). Blood samples were collected before (time 0) and after 4 and 8 weeks of experimental diets for measurement of serum triglycerides, total cholesterol (TC), and LDL, HDL, and VLDL cholesterol (LDL-C, HDL-C, and VLDL-C). The aorta was removed at the end of the protocol for assessment of atherosclerotic plaques; malondialdehyde, an aortic tissue lipid peroxidation product; and aortic tissue chemiluminescence, a marker for antioxidant reserve. Serum TC, LDL-C, and the ratios LDL-C/HDL-C and TC/HDL-C increased in groups 3 and 4 compared with time 0, the increase being smaller in group 4 than in group 3. Serum HDL-C decreased in group 3 and increased in group 4 compared with time 0, but changes were lower in group 3 than in group 4. SDG reduced TC and LDL-C by 33% and 35%, respectively, at week 8 but increased HDL-C significantly, by>140%, as early as week 4. It also decreased TC/LDL-C and LDL-C/HDL-C ratios by approximately 64%. There was an increase in aortic malondialdehyde and chemiluminescence in group 3, and they were lower in group 4 than in group 3. SDG reduced hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis by 73%. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that SDG reduced hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis and that this effect was associated with a decrease in serum cholesterol, LDL-C, and lipid peroxidation product and an increase in HDL-C and antioxidant reserve.  (+info)

A new carboxylesterase from Brevibacterium linens IFO 12171 responsible for the conversion of 1,4-butanediol diacrylate to 4-hydroxybutyl acrylate: purification, characterization, gene cloning, and gene expression in Escherichia coli. (2/173)

A carboxylesterase that is responsible for conversion of 1,4-butanediol diacrylate (BDA) to 4-hydroxybutyl acrylate (4HBA) was found in Brevibacterium lines IFO 12171, and purified to homogeneity. The purified enzyme was active toward a variety of diesters of ethylene glycol, 1,4-butanediol, and 1,6-hexanediol. The K(m) and kcat of the enzyme for BDA were 3.04 mM and 203,000 s-1, respectively. The reaction with the purified enzyme gave 98 mM 4HBA from 100 mM BDA for 60 min. The enzyme gene was cloned from the chromosomal DNA of the bacterium. The open reading frame encoding the enzyme was 1176 bp long, corresponding to a protein of 393 amino acid residues (molecular mass = 42,569 Da). The deduced amino acid sequence contained the tetra peptide motif sequence, STTK, and the serine residue was confirmed to be the catalytic center of BDA esterase by site-directed mutagenesis for several amino acid residues. The gene was expressed in Escherichia coli under the control of the lac promoter, and the gene product (a fusion protein with 6 amino acid residues from beta-galactosidase) showed the same catalytic properties as the enzyme from the parent strain.  (+info)

Exposure to flaxseed or its lignan component during different developmental stages influences rat mammary gland structures. (3/173)

Reduction of the highly proliferative terminal end bud (TEB) structures in the developing mammary gland by differentiation to alveolar buds (ABs) and lobules has been suggested to be protective against mammary cancer. Flaxseed is high in alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) and secoisolariciresinol diglycoside (SDG). SDG is the precursor of mammalian lignans, which can affect mammary gland structures. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the effect of lifetime, gestation and lactation or after-weaning exposure to 5 or 10% flaxseed or SDG and flaxseed oil components on the mammary gland structures of virgin female rat offspring at post-natal day 50. Lifetime or gestation and lactation exposure to flaxseed altered mammary gland structure development, whereas exposure to flaxseed after weaning had no effect. Lifetime or gestation and lactation exposure to 5% flaxseed caused endocrine changes, as suggested by delayed puberty onset and reduced number of estrous cycles. These changes reduced exposure to endogenous estrogens, leading to atrophy of mammary TEB structures. SDG, but not flaxseed oil, at the level found in 5% flaxseed produced similar effects as 5% flaxseed. This suggested that the lignans were the component in flaxseed responsible for the observed effects. Lifetime or gestation and lactation exposure to 10% flaxseed also caused endocrine changes, as suggested by early puberty onset and lengthened cycles due to prolonged estrus. This increased exposure to endogenous estrogens and stimulated mammary gland differentiation, as indicated by fewer TEBs and more ABs. Thus, lifetime or gestation and lactation exposure to 5 or 10% flaxseed induced structural changes in the mammary gland that may potentially reduce mammary cancer risk.  (+info)

Fermentative metabolism of Bacillus subtilis: physiology and regulation of gene expression. (4/173)

Bacillus subtilis grows in the absence of oxygen using nitrate ammonification and various fermentation processes. Lactate, acetate, and 2,3-butanediol were identified in the growth medium as the major anaerobic fermentation products by using high-performance liquid chromatography. Lactate formation was found to be dependent on the lctEP locus, encoding lactate dehydrogenase and a putative lactate permease. Mutation of lctE results in drastically reduced anaerobic growth independent of the presence of alternative electron acceptors, indicating the importance of NADH reoxidation by lactate dehydrogenase for the overall anaerobic energy metabolism. Anaerobic formation of 2,3-butanediol via acetoin involves acetolactate synthase and decarboxylase encoded by the alsSD operon. Mutation of alsSD has no significant effect on anaerobic growth. Anaerobic acetate synthesis from acetyl coenzyme A requires phosphotransacetylase encoded by pta. Similar to the case for lctEP, mutation of pta significantly reduces anaerobic fermentative and respiratory growth. The expression of both lctEP and alsSD is strongly induced under anaerobic conditions. Anaerobic lctEP and alsSD induction was found to be partially dependent on the gene encoding the redox regulator Fnr. The observed fnr dependence might be the result of Fnr-induced arfM (ywiD) transcription and subsequent lctEP and alsSD activation by the regulator ArfM (YwiD). The two-component regulatory system encoded by resDE is also involved in anaerobic lctEP induction. No direct resDE influence on the redox regulation of alsSD was observed. The alternative electron acceptor nitrate represses anaerobic lctEP and alsSD transcription. Nitrate repression requires resDE- and fnr-dependent expression of narGHJI, encoding respiratory nitrate reductase. The gene alsR, encoding a regulator potentially responding to changes of the intracellular pH and to acetate, is essential for anaerobic lctEP and alsSD expression. In agreement with its known aerobic function, no obvious oxygen- or nitrate-dependent pta regulation was observed. A model for the regulation of the anaerobic fermentation genes in B. subtilis is proposed.  (+info)

Urinary composition and postprandial blood changes in H-secoisolariciresinol diglycoside (SDG) metabolites in rats do not differ between acute and chronic SDG treatments. (5/173)

Although chronic exposure to secoisolariciresinol diglycoside (SDG) was shown to alter (3)H-SDG metabolite disposition in rats, the proportion of measured radioactivity attributed to known or unknown SDG metabolites was not determined. Using HPLC and GC-MS, two experiments were conducted to determine the effect of acute (1 d) vs. chronic (10 d) SDG treatment on major urinary metabolites of (3)H-SDG in female, Sprague-Dawley rats (70-72-d-old) over a 48-h period and if new urinary metabolites were detectable in rats fed nonradioactive flaxseed or SDG. A third experiment was conducted to determine changes in postprandial blood levels of (3)H-SDG metabolites over a 24-h period with acute or chronic SDG treatment. Regardless of treatment, enterodiol, enterolactone and secoisolariciresinol accounted for 75-80% of urine radioactivity. Four potential new lignan metabolites, two of which were detected in the urine of rats fed nonradioactive flaxseed or SDG, were found. Type of treatment had no effect on levels of individual urinary metabolites of (3)H-SDG. As observed for plasma lignans in women fed flaxseed, blood radioactivity peaked at 9 h and remained high until 24 h in both treatment groups, suggesting that blood lignan kinetics might be similar with flaxseed or SDG consumption and that they were comparable between humans and rats. In conclusion, the main urinary lignan metabolites were enterodiol, enterolactone and secoisolariciresinol. Urinary composition or blood levels of radioactive lignans were not affected by the duration of SDG exposure. Thus, while chronic SDG exposure alters lignan disposition in rats, it does not change the metabolite profile.  (+info)

Adverse events, including death, associated with the use of 1,4-butanediol. (6/173)

BACKGROUND: 1,4-Butanediol is an industrial solvent that, when ingested, is converted to gamma-hydroxybutyrate, a drug of abuse with depressant effects, primarily on the central nervous system. After reports of toxic effects of gamma-hydroxybutyrate and its resultant regulation by the federal government, 1,4-butanediol and gamma-butyrolactone, another precursor of gamma-hydroxybutyrate and an industrial solvent, began to be marketed as dietary supplements. We investigated reports of toxic effects due to the ingestion of 1,4-butanediol and reviewed the related health risks. METHODS: From June 1999 through December 1999, we identified cases of toxic effects of 1,4-butanediol involving patients who presented to our emergency departments with a clinical syndrome suggesting toxic effects of gamma-hydroxybutyrate and a history of ingesting 1,4-butanediol and patients discovered through public health officials and family members. We used gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to measure 1,4-butanediol or its metabolite, gamma-hydroxybutyrate, in urine, serum, or blood. RESULTS: We identified nine episodes of toxic effects in eight patients who had ingested 1,4-butanediol recreationally, to enhance bodybuilding, or to treat depression or insomnia. One patient presented twice with toxic effects and had withdrawal symptoms after her second presentation. Clinical findings and adverse events included vomiting, urinary and fecal incontinence, agitation, combativeness, a labile level of consciousness, respiratory depression, and death. No additional intoxicants were identified in six patients, including the two who died. The doses of 1,4-butanediol ingested ranged from 5.4 to 20 g in the patients who died and ranged from 1 to 14 g in the nonfatal cases. CONCLUSIONS: The health risks of 1,4-butanediol are similar to those of its counterparts, gamma-hydroxybutyrate and gamma-butyrolactone. These include acute toxic effects, which may be fatal, and addiction and withdrawal.  (+info)

Secoisolariciresinol dehydrogenase purification, cloning, and functional expression. Implications for human health protection. (7/173)

Matairesinol is a central precursor in planta in the biosynthesis of numerous lignans, including that of the important antiviral and anticancer agent, podophyllotoxin. In this study, the approximately 32-kDa NAD-dependent secoisolariciresinol dehydrogenase, which catalyzes the enantiospecific conversion of (-)-secoisolariciresinol into (-)-matairesinol in Forsythia intermedia, was purified >6,000-fold to apparent homogeneity. The 831-base pair cDNA clone encoding this 277-amino acid protein was next obtained from a library constructed from F. intermedia stem tissue, whose fully functional recombinant protein, produced by expression of this cDNA in Escherichia coli, catalyzed the same enantiospecific conversion via the corresponding lactol intermediate. A homologous secoisolariciresinol dehydrogenase gene was also isolated from a Podophyllum peltatum rhizome cDNA library, whose 834-base pair cDNA clone encoded a 278-amino acid protein with a calculated molecular mass of approximately 32 kDa. Expression of this protein in E. coli produced a fully functional recombinant protein that also catalyzed the enantiospecific conversion of (-)-secoisolariciresinol into (-)-matairesinol via the intermediary lactol. Various kinetic parameters were defined and established conversion of the intermediary lactol as being rate-limiting. With this overall enzymatic conversion now unambiguously defined, the entire biochemical pathway to the lignans, secoisolariciresinol and matairesinol, has been elucidated. Last, both secoisolariciresinol and matairesinol are metabolized in the gut of mammals, following digestion of high fiber dietary grains, seeds, and berries, into the so-called "mammalian" lignans, enterodiol and enterolactone, respectively; these in turn confer significant protection against the onset of breast and prostate cancers.  (+info)

Application of a convenient extraction procedure to analyze gamma-hydroxybutyric acid in fatalities involving gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, gamma-butyrolactone, and 1,4-butanediol. (8/173)

The most common chemicals that can be ingested and lead to greater than endogenous levels of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) in decedents are salts of GHB, gamma-butyrolactone (GBL), and 1,4-butanediol (BD). Results for three deaths involving the ingestion of one or another of these three chemicals, which led to findings of GHB in the decedents, are presented. An extraction procedure that facilitates the quantitation of GHB was developed. If present in the same specimen, both GHB and GBL can be quantitated. To determine the GBL concentration, the specimen is first analyzed for existing GHB, the GBL is then converted to GHB, and the analysis is repeated. The difference between the results in molarity units can yield the GBL concentration. A separate procedure was utilized for estimating concentrations of BD. Specimens analyzed included urine, blood, ocular fluid, brain, and solutions consumed by the decedents prior to death. The procedures were found to be convenient in as much as they are relatively rapid, precise, and economical.  (+info)

2,3-Butanediol fermentation is anaerobic fermentation of glucose with 2,3-butanediol as one of the end products. The overall stoichiometry of the reaction is 2 pyruvate + NADH 2CO2 + 2,3-butanediol. Butanediol fermentation is typical for the facultative anaerobes Klebsiella and Enterobacter and is tested for using the Voges-Proskauer (VP) test. The metabolic function of 2,3-butanediol is not known, although some have speculated that it was an evolutionary advantage for these microorganisms to produce a neutral product thats less inhibitory than other partial oxidation products and doesnt reduce the pH as much as mixed acids. . 2,3-butanediol fermentation produces smaller amounts of acid than mixed acid fermentation, and butanediol, ethanol, CO2 and H2 are the end products. While equal amounts of CO2 and H2 are created during mixed acid fermentation, butanediol fermentation produces more than twice the amount of CO2 because the gases are not produced only by formate hydrogen lyase like they ...
The GENO BG™ process, a new biobased process technology to make a naturally sourced 1,3-butylene glycol. This is the latest innovation launched by Genomatica, a widely-recognized leader in bioengineering headquartered in San Diego, California. The GENO BG process has already produced biobased butylene glycol for sampling and Genomatica has transferred the process to 85,000 liter production fermentors.. Butylene glycol, a four-carbon alcohol, is used globally in cosmetics to improve moisture retention and as a carrier for plant extracts. Conventional approaches to make butylene glycol start with fossil fuel-derived acetaldehyde, which is a toxin, an irritant, and a carcinogen. By contrast, Genomaticas biobased butylene glycol is made via fermentation, starting from natural, sustainable, plant-based ingredients. This approach has the potential for high appeal in personal care products.. Additionally, Genomatica has leveraged the power and selectivity of biology to create a process that produces ...
Background: Dietary plant lignans, such as secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG), are metabolized to the enterolignans, enterodiol (END) and enterolactone (ENL), by gut microbes. Evidence suggests that enterolignans may reduce risk of cardiovascular disease and several forms of cancer. Our aim was to characterize the microbial community involved in enterolignan production by using an in vitro batch culture system to enrich for lignan-metabolizing organisms. Methods: Stool samples from eight participants were incubated separately for ~1 week with a mineral salts media containing formate, acetate, glucose, and 6.55 μM SDG. Daily secoisolariciresinol (SECO), END, and ENL concentrations were measured using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GCMS). Microbial community in initial stool (Day 1) and in vitro-incubated fecal suspensions (final-day) was assessed via Illumina paired-end 16S rRNA gene amplicon and whole-metagenome shotgun sequencing. 16S rRNA gene sequences were taxonomically annotated ...
The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety for human dietary consumption of three synthetic compounds which are potential sources of dietary energy, namely 1, 3-Butylene Glycol (BG), 1, 3-Butylene Glycol Mono-Oleate (BGMO) and 1, 3-Butylene Glycol Mono-Stearate (BGMS), by feeding these compounds to parents and three generations of rats. Previous animal feeding studies had indicated that BG was low in toxicity, but the effects of BG on reproduction had not been adequately established. No relative studies were known of the physiological and toxicological effects of the BGMO and BGMS compounds. Control and test diets were composed of semi-purified ingredients, with the only difference being that 20% of the test compounds were added to the experimental diets at the expense of carbohydrate sources. Thus, all diets contained the same amount of casein, fat, vitamins and minerals. The most significant findings of this study were that BG and BGMS diets supported reproduction and lactation in three
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
Brontide is a natural, pure butylene glycol extracted from a sustainable and renewable sugar fermentation process. According to Genomatica, this product is ideal for personal care manufacturers seeking to develop new, natural, sustainable products, o
This report covers the key technological and market trends in the 1,4-Butanediol market and further lays out an analysis of the factors influencing the supply/demand for 1,4-Butanediol, and the opportunities/challenges faced by industry participants. It also acts as an essential tool to companies active across the value chain and to the new entrants by enabling them to capitalize the opportunities and develop business strategies.. Browse Detail Report With TOC @ http://www.hexareports.com/report/global-1-4-butanediol-market-outlook-2016-2021/details. 1,4-Butanediol, colloquially known as BD, is the organic compound with the formula HOCH2CH2CH2CH2OH. This colorlessviscous liquid is derived from butane by placement of alcohol groups at each end of the chain. It is one of four stableisomers of butanediol.. Global 1,4-Butanediol Market Outlook 2016-2021, has been prepared based on the synthesis, analysis, and interpretation of information about the global 1,4-Butanediol market collected from ...
David B. Levine is an orthopaedic surgeon, hospital administrator, professor and historian of medicine who has held positions since 1961 at the Hospital for Special Surgery in New York, New York. Levine was born to Sarah and Herbert Levine in 1932 in Binghamton, NY, and attended public schools there. He studied from 1950 to 1953 at Dartmouth College and graduated in 1957 with an M.D. degree from State University of New York Upstate Medical University at Syracuse. From 1957 to 1958, he worked as a Rotating Intern at the Case Western Reserves Metropolitan General Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio. From 1958 to 1959 he was an Assistant Surgical Resident at Beth Israel Hospital (now known as Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center) in Boston, Massachusetts, and also during this year was an instructor in surgery at Harvard Medical School. From 1959 to 1961, he served at the rank of Lieutenant in the U.S. Navy as the Medical Officer aboard the USS Forrestal in the Sixth Fleet. During 1961-1964, Levine served ...
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers and the second most responsible for cancer mortality worldwide. In 2014, in Portugal, close to 27 200 people died of cancer, which 1791 were women with breast cancer. Flaxseed has been one of the most studied foods, regarding possible relations to breast cancer, though mainly in experimental studies in animals, yet in few clinical trials. It is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, alpha-linolenic acid, lignan and fibers. One of the main components of flaxseed are the lignans, of which 95% are made of the predominant secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG). SDG is converted into enterolactone and enterodiol, both with anti-estrogen activity and structurally similar to estrogen; they can bind to cell receptors, decreasing cell growth. Some studies have shown that the intake of omega-3 fatty acids is related to the reduction of breast cancer risk. In animal studies, α-linolenic acid have been shown to be able to suppress growth, size and proliferation of cancer cells
The production of platform chemicals from biomass is the current focus of chemical research. Platform chemicals are the precursors of many household and industrial products. These chemicals can be converted into several high-value products and materials including resins, paints, plastics, adhesives, solvents, and synthetic fibers. Most platform chemicals are currently derived from fossil fuels. One potential source to replace petroleum as a precursor for platform chemicals is plant biomass. Biomass is composed of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. The composition of the component of biomass suggests that it could also be utilized in the production of platform chemicals. Most bio-refinery research has focused on converting cellulose and hemicellulose into ethanol. However, lignin, which constitutes 15-25% of plant biomass, is considered a waste product in bio-refineries. In this project, the feasibility of utilizing lignin for the production of formaldehyde and formic acid is considered. The ...
Définitions de 1 4 butanediol, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de 1 4 butanediol, dictionnaire analogique de 1 4 butanediol (anglais)
Livers from fed and starved rats were perfused with buffer containing radiolabelled R- or S-1,3-butylene glycol. The following parameters were determined: a) uptake of the diol, b) contribution of the diol to ketogenesis, c) contribution of the diol to total fatty acid plus sterol synthesis, and d) conversion of S-1,3-butylene glycol into the (non physiological) metabolite S-3-hydroxybutyrate. Both enantiomers were taken up by the livers of fed or starved rats at the same rate. R-1,3-butylene glycol is mainly transformed to the physiological ketone bodies R-3-hydroxybutyrate and acetoacetate. Only 29-38% of the S-enantiomer are converted into physiological ketone bodies. The S-enantiomer is further metabolised to S-3-hydroxybutyrate (not a natural compound), lipids and carbon dioxide. ...
Michael L. Levine M.D., F.A.C.S. has expertise in laser eye and glaucoma surgery. Dr. Levine completed an additional year of fellowship training in glaucoma at the prestigious Manhattan Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital. Being a glaucoma specialist, Dr. Levine is highly trained in the latest advancements in treatment for glaucoma.
Release of the funds requires an approval process that is not yet complete but we hope will be complete soon," said John Bland.. Levine said the delay will push back the timeline on completing the planned apartments as well. "Everything will slide until were able to restart," said Levine. "I hope that its soon.". The park, however, is ahead of schedule and could open by November, Levine said.. ...
A major means whereby oxidative stress promotes aging-related disease is by activating inflammatory pathways. Decreasing oxidative stress and inflammation should ameliorate many of the problems associated with aging, including vascular dementia, Alzheimers disease, osteoporosis, muscle wasting, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Animal and human studies have demonstrated that consumption of vitamin D and phase 2 protein inducers decrease oxidative stress and associated inflammation. The flax lignan secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) is metabolized to enterolactone, a potent phase 2 protein inducer. Animal and human studies have shown that consumption of flax seed or its component SDG decreases hypertension, serum cholesterol, atherosclerosis, the growth of experimentally-induced cancers as well as metastases of human breast tumours implanted into nude mice, and delays the development of type 2 diabetes. Vitamin D plays a role in modulating inflammation, enhancing ...
1GEG: Crystal structure of meso-2,3-butanediol dehydrogenase in a complex with NAD+ and inhibitor mercaptoethanol at 1.7 A resolution for understanding of chiral substrate recognition mechanisms.
pyruvate decarboxylase ^ CO2. a-acetolactate/acetaldehyde-TPP. ,CO2. CO2 diacetyl reductase diacetyl -^ ^ ► acetoin reductase / % . NADH+H NAD. acetoin reductase c. NADH+H. NAD 2,3-butanediol catalyzed by a-acetolactate synthase and requiring high concentrations of pyruvate. The a-acetolactate is unstable in the presence of oxygen and is finally decarboxylated, nonenzy-matically, to form diacetyl. It is important to note that diacetyl is not necessarily the terminal end-product of the pathway. Further reduction of diacetyl can also occur, forming acetoin and 2,3-butanediol, compounds that contribute no flavor or aroma to the product.. Following the addition of the culture, the mix is incubated at 21°C to 22°C for twelve to sixteen hours. At the end of the fermentation, when the titratable acidity has reached 0.85% to 0.90% and the pH has decreased to about 4.5, the product is cooled to 2°C and agitated to break up the coagulum. Salt is usually added, and, if desired, butter granules or ...
South America Bio Based Platform Chemicals Market analysis offers latest trends, growth factors, industry competitiveness, forecast to 2022, top players
By Harry Levine. Prior to now decade, the significance of amorphous water-soluble components has been more and more known in the nutrients and pharmaceutical industries. In reaction, Amorphous nutrition and Pharmaceutical structures brings jointly present best specialists to give a contribution to this particular cross-disciplinary account of the topic. insurance contains: water-compatible amorphous solids (physical, chemical behaviour), low water content material structures (water as plasticizer); functions in meals and pharmaceutical sciences and industries (processing and balance) besides cutting-edge know-how in foodstuff and pharmaceutical structures. This well timed booklet can be welcomed by way of educational and business researchers and pros within the prescription drugs, meals, fabrics and polymer sciences. learn more... content material: advent : development in amorphous foodstuff and pharmaceutical structures / H. Levine -- the idea that of "structure" in amorphous solids from the ...
David Levine has served as a Health System Counsel at UC Davis Health System since 2005. Prior to joining the Health System, Mr. Levine was a partner in the law firm Benesch, Friedlander, Coplan & Aronoff LLP in Cleveland, Ohio.. Mr. Levines primary areas of practice involve fraud and abuse compliance counseling, federal health care program reimbursement and general healthcare law. He is a graduate of Boston University School of Law (J.D. 1986) and the University of Michigan (B.A. 1982).. ...
1. Levine J, Barak Y, Kofman O, et al. Follow-up and relapse analysis of an inositol study of depression. Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci. 1995;32:14-21. 2. Levine J. Controlled trials of inositol in psychiatry. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 1997;7:147-155. 3. Benjamin J, Agam G, Levine J, et al. Inositol treatment in psychiatry. Psychopharmacol Bull. 1995;31:167-175. 4. Nemets B, Mishory A, Levine J, et al. Inositol addition does not improve depression in SSRI treatment failures. J Neural Transm. 1999;106:795-798. 5. Chengappa KN, Levine J, Gershon S, et al. Inositol as an add-on treatment for bipolar depression. Bipolar Disord. 2000;2:47-55. 6. Benjamin J, Levine J, Fux M, et al. Double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of inositol treatment for panic disorder. Am J Psychiatry. 1995;152:1084-1086. 7. Palatnik A, Frolov K, Fux M, et al. Double-blind, controlled, crossover trial of inositol versus fluvoxamine for the treatment of panic disorder. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2001;21:335-339. 8. Gelber ...
You cant get far on the University of Rochester Medical Center campus without seeing the names William and Mildred Levine" emblazoned across an important space. Mr. Levine, co-founder of Alleson Athletic, a Rochester-based company that designs and manufactures uniforms for athletic teams, didnt just believe in high-quality health care; he was an influential supporter of it. Over the years, he and his family gave more than $4 million to the University of Rochester Medical Center, a large chunk of which supports services for children. Mr. Levine, a great friend of Golisano Childrens Hospital, passed away Nov. 4, 2013, at 97 years old.. We are very sad to lose Mr. Levine in our URMC family, but his legacy is one that we should all aspire to?putting our community first," said Bradford C. Berk, CEO of URMC. The Medical Center and, especially, Golisano Childrens Hospital are better places because of the investments Mr. Levine made in them.". Over the years, Mr. Levine has been an incredible ...
Get an in-depth review and ask questions about Mike Levine (UC Berkeley) Part 2: Transcriptional Precision: Shadow Enhancers. See what people are saying about Mike Levine (UC Berkeley) Part 2: Transcriptional Precision: Shadow Enhancers.
Godavari Biorefineries Ltd Earns Usda Certified Biobased Product Label (100% Biobased Content) For Naturobg ® (1,3-butylene Glycol), Acetic Acid Glacial And Crotonaldehyde ...
Instructions for use: Press the sponge into the liquid cushion to release foundation Gently pat onto skin for buildable coverage Close inner lid tightly after use to preserve freshness 14g/ 0.5oz. Ingredients: Aqua / Water, Butylene Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate, Methyl Trimethicone, Dimethicone, Diphenylsiloxy Phenyl Trimethicone, Glycerin, Lauryl Peg-9 Polydimethylsiloxyethyl Dimethicone, Pentylene Glycol, Butylene Glycol, Trisiloxane, Peg-10 Dimethicone, Magnesium Sulfate, Acrylates/Stearyl Acrylate/Dimethicone Methacrylate Copolymer, Phenoxyethanol, Dimethicone Crosspolymer, Lauroyl Lysine, Ethylhexylglycerin, Disteardimonium Hectorite, Polyhydroxystearic Acid, Stearic Acid, Alumina, Triethoxycaprylylsilane, Lecithin, Isopropyl Myristate, Isostearic Acid, Ethylhexyl Palmitate, Adenosine, Polyglyceryl-3 Polyricinoleate, Disodium Edta, Phenylethyl Resorcinol, Benzyl Salicylate, Linalool, Benzyl Alcohol, Butylphenyl Methylpropional, Alpha-Isomethyl Ionone, Parfum / Fragrance, [+/ May Contain Ci 77891 /
1, 4 Butanediol, or BDO, is used to manufacture various acetylenic chemicals used in everything from apparel to electronics to lube oils to hairsprays. Hexion serves a base of BDO producers who synthesize our formaldehyde with acetylene in their production process to form 1,4 Butanediol as a building block for Tetrahydrofuran (THF), gamma-Butyrolactone, Polybutylene Terephthalate resins and in polyurethanes. Our offering includes: ...
The US Department of Energy is supporting projects to investigate and recommend promising pathways for advanced biological upgrading of biomass sugars and lignin to hydrocarbons (HC) and co-products to support the DOE BETO 2022 goal of enabling advanced HC fuels at $3/GGE.. In this project, a NREL-led research team is investigating the engineering of Zymomonasfor 2,3 butanediol production; lignin upgrading to muconicacid by Pseudomonas; and improving production of fatty alcohols in oleaginous yeast. Project leader Michael E. Himmel at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory prepared these illuminating slides on the projects promise and progress for the DOE Project Peer Review meetings. ...
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE DESIGN It is impossible to begin a discussion of psychological principles of programming language design without recalling the story of ``Levine the Genius Tailor. It seems that a man had gone to Levine to have a suit made cheaply, but when the suit was finished and he went to try it on, it didnt fit him at all. ``Look, he said, ``the jacket is much too big in back. ``No problem, replied Levine, showing him how to hunch over his back to take up the slack in the jacket. ``But then what about the right arm? Its three inches too long. ``No problem, Levine repeated, demonstrating how, by leaning to one side and stretching out his right arm, the sleeve could be made to fit. ``And what about these pants? The left leg is too short. ``No problem, said Levine for the third time, and proceeded to teach him how to pull up his leg at the hip so that, though he limped badly, the suit appeared to fit. Having no more complaints, the man set off hobbling down the street, ...
Learn more about Butanediol (Bd) uses, effectiveness, possible side effects, interactions, dosage, user ratings and products that contain Butanediol (Bd)
A biological method for the conversion of L-glutamate to 1,4-butanediol that involves a decarboxylation step and avoids production of 4-hydroxybutyrate as an intermediate is described. The method includes: (a) conversion of L-glutamate to L-glutamate 5- phosphate; (b) conversion of L-glutamate 5 -phosphate to L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde; (c) conversion of L-glutamate 5-semialdehyde to 5-hydroxy-L-norvaline;(d) conversion of 5-hydroxy-L-norvaline to 5-hydroxy-2-oxopentanoate; (e) conversion of 5-hydroxy-2- oxopentanoate to 4-hydroxybutanal; and (f) the conversion of 4-hydroxybutanal to 1,4- butanediol.
1, 4-Butanediol Market - Growing number of global sporting events is expected to augment sport apparel demand, which is likely to reflect in 1,4-BDO market. However, volatile raw material prices coupled with stringent environment regulations, mainly in North America and Europe is expected to be a key challenge for market participants over the next six years. In order to overcome these challenges, the industry has shifted its focus towards developing bio-based 1,4-BDO which along with providing an eco friendly solution also provides cost competitiveness against its synthetic counterpart. Some major companies developing bio-based routes to 1,4-BDO include BASF, Purac, DSM, Mitsubishi Chemicals, Myriant and Genomatica.. Browse Detail Report with TOC @ http://www.hexareports.com/report/1-4-butanediol-market-analysis-and-segment-forecasts-to-2020/details. THF emerged as the leading application for 1,4-BDO and accounted for 29.9% of the total market volume in 2013. Polyurethane, on account of growing ...
... DUBLIN September 27 2013 /- ( a href http://www.researchandmarkets.com... (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/2013...,Butanediol,(BDO),Market,Report,2013-2017,medicine,advanced medical technology,medical laboratory technology,medical device technology,latest medical technology,Health
View Notes - Conclusion Lab Unit 08 - Ubiquity of Microorganisms from BIOLOGY 2300 at Georgia State. Conclusion Lab Unit 08 - Ubiquity of Microorganisms Levine 1 AlexisLevine Dr.MaxwellM/W
Buy Biology: Discovering Life, Modular Version. Volume 3 (9780669288421): Plant Systems: NHBS - JS Levine and KR MIller, DC Heath & Co
At Levine Cancer Institute-Blue Ridge, you dont have to choose between receiving life-saving cancer care and staying close to your family and friends. Here, you can access some of the nations leading cancer specialists and keep connected to the community you know best. We offer: ...
An anonymous tipster called LAPD claiming Adam Levine was abusing his infant daughter and wife, but cops found the allegations totally bogus.
Douglas A. Levine, MD, professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, director, Division of Gynecologic Oncology, NYU Langone's Perlmutter Cancer Center, discusses immunotherapy for patients with endometrial cancer.
Mel Levine brought incredible wisdom and experience to understanding the challenges of struggling learners. His approach was a humane approach that viewed learning disabilities, not as disabilities, but as learning style differences. He identified neurodevelopmental constructs that led to better understanding of diverse learning styles and highlighted strategies that promoted successes. He always asked, "where is the breakdown?" when students struggled with the components of learning. He detailed the numerous skills necessary to write a paragraph, to comprehend a chapter, to attend, to remember, and to organize, among other skills. His task analysis for each skill provided valuable information to determine where the breakdown in compentency occurred to then remediate or compensate for the skill deficit ...
The ryanodine receptor (RyR) from cardiac cells and skeletal muscle undergoes a Ca2+-dependent process called adaptation. Adaptation occurs during the slow, spontaneous decrease in the open probability of a channel after it has been rapidly activated by a pulse of cytosolic calcium ([Ca2+]i). RyR activation occurs within milliseconds, whereas inactivation occurs on a timescale of a few seconds. The RyR is said to have "adapted" during inactivation because a subsequent increase in [Ca2+]i produces a nearly identical rise in the open probability. In their 1996 paper, Joel Keizer and Leslie Levine develop a simplified model that mimics the "adaptation" of the RyR, and they investigate its significance for Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release and Ca2+ oscillations in cardiac cells. The mechanism used to mimic adaptation of the RyR is shown schematically in the figure below. States C1 and C2 are closed states and O1 and O2 are open states. Transitions from C1 to O1 and from O1 to O2 are assumed to be ...
Pris: 569 kr. Inbunden, 2009. Skickas inom 5-8 vardagar. Köp Shock Therapy for the American Health Care System av Robert Arthur Levine på Bokus.com.
What a sweet gesture. Christina Grimmies Voice coach, Adam Levine, offered to pay for her funeral in the wake of her devastating death after her June 10 death in Orlando. Get the bittersweet details here.
Jeff Ball, PH.D. founder and executive director of PCH Treatment Centers in West Los Angeles tells RumorFix exclusively,"Pharmaceutical companies are well aware that if they can get someone of the stature of Adam Levine promoting their medication, the general public is more likely to ask for that prescription from their doctor and all too often they comply.". In 2012, ADHD medications were responsible for $9 billion dollars in sales.. "Its a disturbing trend that has been developing in the mental health community for quite some time, where its all too easy to over diagnose ADHD and dispense medication as treatment when in fact a much more comprehensive approach is better for patients," Ball says.. "Our experience at PCH Treatment Center is that most people who are diagnosed with ADHD in fact do not have ADHD," Ball explains. "The only way to properly diagnose someone is through neuropsychological testing. The best approach to treat people who may actually have ADHD may involve individual, ...
Visit Healthgrades for information on Dr. Pamela Levine, MD Find Phone & Address information, medical practice history, affiliated hospitals and more.
Discover the Dr. Herbert J. Levine Foundation at Tufts Medical Center in Boston that provides funding for heart research related to cardiac disorders.
Visit Healthgrades for information on Dr. Larry Levine, DDS Find Phone & Address information, medical practice history, affiliated hospitals and more.
Dr. Levine has been named one of Americas Top Podiatrists and is one of the most internationally acclaimed podiatrists in the industry.
Alexandra Mary Levine MD is a Hematology & Oncology who practices in Duarte, CA. Get a full report about this doctors background by clicking here.
Published: Levine, Ross, 2005. "Finance and Growth: Theory and Evidence," Handbook of Economic Growth, in: Philippe Aghion & Steven Durlauf (ed.), Handbook of Economic Growth, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 12, pages 865-934 Elsevier. ...
Dr. Steven R Levine, MD, rated 4.3/5 by patients. 5 reviews, Phone number & practice locations, Adolescent Specialist in Mount Kisco, NY.
Post a Comment for Flier for a concert featuring The Max Levine Ensemble, What the Kids Want, Haymarket, Aphid Ant Construction, and Nana Grizol at the Notasquat, August 4 ...
Discussion: Read the below information on Wyeth v. Levine 1. Who was the plaintiff in this case? What was the complaint? 2. Who was the defendant? 3. In 2-3 sentences, briefly summarize the case. 4. What implications for a.
Is POTS caused by laziness? Learn more in this elaboration by Dr. Benjamin Levine on the controversy surrounding this condition​.
Learn about healing trauma and PTSD in this interview with Somatic Experiencing developer, Peter Levine, PhD. CE credits (CEUs) available.
From: The Hollywood Gossip-- Adam Levine knows a lot about singing. And he knows a great deal about playing the guitar. And he..
Porsche recently let former FIA World Endurance Champion, Mark Webber get some time behind the wheel of the Mission E electric car and now its followed it up with letting Maroon 5 frontman, Adam Levine spend some time with the future EV.
... is a nationally-recognized surgical oncologist at the Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center in Winston-Salem, North Carolina.
Vichinsky, E., Levine, L., Bhatia, S., Bojanowski, J., Coates, T. and Foote, D. (2012) Standards of Care Guidelines for Thalassemia. Childrens Hospital and Research Center, Oakland.
Sodium Pyruvate is biochemical used in nutrition and Healthcare industry. It is important intermediate for production of Perindopril and Levodopa. Novel Biotransformation process developed using yeast as biocatalyst. Fermentation and Downstream has been optimized from bench scale bioreactors upto10 liter pilot scale.
In a press statement, BDO said the move was intended "to support Japanese mid-tier companies and SMEs interested in operating in the Philippines.". These partnerships were prompted by the memorandum of understanding sealed by BDO with the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) in March, essentially promoting the development and strengthening of a framework to support Japanese mid-tier companies as well as SMEs through Japanese regional financial institutions.. The Japanese regional banks, strategically situated in the various prefectures of the worlds third largest economy, will serve as conduits for SME clients that require banking support when they decide to set up shop in the Philippines.. "As one of the countrys leading financial institutions, BDO can provide the Japanese SMEs financial and non-financial advisory services, and other products that can aid them in their expansion," BDO said.. The banking arm of tycoon Henry Sy said it continued to collaborate closely with JBIC to ...
Max Levine and Matt Schechter met at the Childrens Hospital of Philadelphias Voorhees (NJ) Oncology Clinic in the summer of 2005. Both boys were dealing with cancer - Matt with a high risk form of leukemia and Max with neuroblastoma. Over the months they became friends and when Max entered the same high school as Matt, they found themselves spending lots of time together, especially in the nurses office. They both loved video games, scary movies and roller coasters; and because both were dealing with cancer, they understood the daily challenges each faced. This made their relationship very special, filled with great respect for one another. The friendship between the boys brought our families together as well.. When Max passed away in 2008, the Levine family started the Max Levine Fund for Neuroblastoma Research through Alexs Lemonade Stand Foundation (ALSF). Max had the same disease as Alex and all funds raised went directly toward neuroblastoma. Matt and the Schechter Family were very ...
...DALLAS Jan. 10 2008 Dr. Beth Levine chief of infectious diseases a...Dr. Levine was named a recipient of one of four Edith and Peter ODonne...Dr. Levine received the award for medicine. Holder of the Jay P. Sanfo...Other 2008 ODonnell Award recipients are Dr. Jennifer West of Rice Uni...,UT,Southwestern,scientist,honored,among,best,in,Texas,research,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Neal decides to give Bill a Spin the Bottle tutorial (and there are no special effects involved; Samm Levine took that bottle home to practice with it for hours), and Bill admits his aversion to kissing has nothing to do with hygiene, but with his very prescient fear that girls wont want to kiss him. Hed rather not go to the party than see a girl look disappointed (or worse) if Bills bottle points at them. Neal tries to reassure him, and in a funny ad lib (Levine forgot the line, but his flub was funnier than what had been written), answers Bills question about whether people French kiss during the game by saying, "Some do. Most dont. I do." This then leads to our first Bob Seger montage of the evening, as the geeks get ready to the tune of "Katmandu": Bill obsessively brushes his teeth and experiments with tongue positions in the mirror, Sam ponders fashion disasters like a clip-on tie and the Parisian night suit, and, in maybe the funniest (and/or creepiest) thing Samm Levine ever did on ...
The Levine lab here at the Moran Eye Center has a new publication out in the Journal of Neuroscience and even scored the cover. Specifically, the manuscript was authored by Patrick J. Gordon, Sanghee Yun, Anna M. Clark, Edwin S. Monuki, L. Charles Murtaugh, and Edward M. Levine. The Levine team explored how multipotent retinal progenitor cells […]. ...
MICROORGANISMS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF 1,4-BUTANEDIOL, 4-HYDROXYBUTANAL, 4-HYDROXYBUTYRYL-COA, PUTRESCINE AND RELATED COMPOUNDS, AND METHODS RELATED THERETO - diagram, schematic, and image 236 ...
MICROORGANISMS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF 1,4-BUTANEDIOL, 4-HYDROXYBUTANAL, 4-HYDROXYBUTYRYL-COA, PUTRESCINE AND RELATED COMPOUNDS, AND METHODS RELATED THERETO - diagram, schematic, and image 46 ...
The PHYRIS COLLAGEN FILLER intensive serum immediately targets the typical changes of mature, tired skin and quickly ensures firmer contours. Collagen, an important constituent of connective tissue, improves the elasticity and firmness of the skin over the long term and can support the restructuring of the connective tissue. The collagen contained in COLLAGEN FILLER is of marine origin and is liposomally encapsulated.. Home treatment of PHYRIS COLLAGEN FILLER:. After Cleansing and applying a suitable SOMI, apply one to two pipettes of TIME RELEASE Serum on face, neck and decolleté, apply on top two to three teaspoons TIME RELEASE Serum and remove aft er 10 to 15 minutes.. Package: Pipette bottle. INGREDIENT HIGHLIGHTS:. Maritime Collagen, Anti Age Peptides. Aqua (Water), Glycerin, Pentylene Glycol, Butylene Glycol, Alcohol, AMPD ...
Volume 180ml Ingredients Water, Myristic Acid, Butylene Glycol, Lauric Acid, Disodium Cocoamphodiacetate, Potassium Hydroxide, Glycol Distearate, Glycerin, Sodi
Instructions for use: Apply a single sheet gently against the shiny areas of your skin as needed Ingredients: Kaolin, polysorbate 80, cellulose gum, rosemary extract, trisodium edta, butylene glycol, water, sodium dehydroacetate, fragrance, zinc oxide, ultramirines.
Cyclopentasiloxane (and) Dimethicone (and) Polysilicone-11 (and) Ethylhexyl Hydroxystearate (and) Water (and) Butylene Glycol (and) Decyl Glucoside ...
Close The Infona portal uses cookies, i.e. strings of text saved by a browser on the users device. The portal can access those files and use them to remember the users data, such as their chosen settings (screen view, interface language, etc.), or their login data. By using the Infona portal the user accepts automatic saving and using this information for portal operation purposes. More information on the subject can be found in the Privacy Policy and Terms of Service. By closing this window the user confirms that they have read the information on cookie usage, and they accept the privacy policy and the way cookies are used by the portal. You can change the cookie settings in your browser. ...
Beyond providing Skin Deep® as an educational tool for consumers, EWG offers its EWG VERIFIED™ mark as a quick and easily identifiable way of conveying personal care products that meet EWGs strict health criteria. Before a company can use EWG VERIFIEDTM on such products, the company must show that it fully discloses the products ingredients on their labels or packaging, they do not contain EWG ingredients of concern, and are made with good manufacturing practices, among other criteria. Note that EWG receives licensing fees from all EWG VERIFIED member companies that help to support the important work we do. Learn more , Legal Disclaimer ...
Publikations-Datenbank der Fraunhofer Wissenschaftler und Institute: Aufsätze, Studien, Forschungsberichte, Konferenzbeiträge, Tagungsbände, Patente und Gebrauchsmuster
Samples of several polymers found as everyday plastics are placed into a range of liquids of known density and observed, to see whether they float or sink. From a table of known polymer densities, it is possible to identify each polymer
Even Levine agrees that treadmill desks and their ilk are not the only way to approach the issue. Some people simply wont use one, just as some people will not go to the gym, he says. What you need to do is to create an overall environment of health. Levine is now in the midst of a research project involving four large US companies that will attempt, among other things, to quantify the dollar value to employers of these sorts of movement and health interventions. A pilot study has indicated that there would be indirect savings in terms of preventing future health problems but also direct productivity and profit increases, thanks to increased staff energy, reduced absenteeism and the like ...
As faithful listeners will no doubt recall, Kates treatment consisted of surgery, six weeks of daily radiation and chemo, a month off, and six months (or more) of monthly chemo. Well, she just finished up her sixth round of monthly chemo and at the moment it looks like that will, indeed, be it. Which is a good thing, as the nausea and fatigue, while never completely debilitating, have been getting a little worse each round and this one was pretty bad. So, even though were not out of the woods by any means, we can celebrate the end of treatment for the cancer per se. I hope that as we get further away from chemo Kate will see her energy levels increase and spend less time napping.. This month, though, we learned that steroid-induced hyperglycemia (aka steroid diabetes) is a thing. Diabetes, it turns out, is a condition with multiple causes. Type 1 and type 2 (formerly known as juvenile and adult-onset diabetes) are basically two different diseases, and gestational diabetes is the third ...
Salmonellosis is an illness caused by a bacteria found in raw food, soil, water and the bowel movements of some animals, including reptiles. Find out how to prevent this illness.
My own practice in film and video largely encompasses non-fiction and experimental forms, often in combination. I work with both analogue film and digital video and have exhibited in all kinds of venues, from festivals, screening rooms and galleries to backyards and empty warehouse spaces. I do feel that the projected experience is a singular one and, as I stress to my students, I feel that it is important to consider the kinds of venues our films might be exhibited and to integrate this into the work itself. My analogue format of choice is 16mm and I do my utmost to explore its specific material possibilities. In various bodies of celluloid work, I have subjected the film strip to multiple exposures, scratched emulsion away like paint and developed my own footage by hand. As one might imagine, the results are unpredictable, surprising, sometimes almost magical. Its as if the film itself is talking or fighting back, staking its claim in the physical world. When working with digital video, I am ...
Sedentary behaviors - for example sitting or reclining for lengthy amounts of time - increase the chance of the center muscle shrinking and stiffening at the end of-mid-life and increases heart failure risk. Previous research has proven that elite athletes, who spent an eternity doing high-intensity exercise, had considerably less results of aging around the heart and bloodstream vessels, based on Levine.. However, the six to 7 days per week of intense exercise training that lots of elite athletes perform in their existence isnt a real possibility for a lot of middle-aged adults, which brought Levine and colleagues to review different exercise doses, including casual exercise at 2 to 3 days per week and "committed exercise" at four or five days per week.. "We discovered that exercising only 2 or 3 occasions per week didnt do much to safeguard the center against aging. But committed exercise four or five occasions per week was nearly as good at stopping sedentary heart aging because the more ...
Neurophysiological mechanisms underlying neurodegenerative disorders. Our primary research interests are directed toward understanding the mechanisms underlying neuronal dysfunction in the basal ganglia and cortex in neurodegenerative disorders. The research consists of a multidisciplinary approach combining neurophysiological, morphological and molecular techniques. This research has evolved into several major projects: 1) Examining the physiological changes in mutant mouse models of Huntingtons disease, 2) Assessment of neuromodulation in the striatum as in pertains to Parkinsons disease and assessment of new gentic mouse models of Parkinsons disease and 3) Examining cellular cortical electrophysiological and morphological abnormalities occurring in children suffering from intractable pediatric epilepsy. The first area of research involves using mutant murine models of Huntingtons disease to understand how this neurological disorder physiologically affects cellular function. We study ...
Focusing the perspectives of gender scholarship on the study of empire produces an original volume full of fascinating new insights about the conduct of men as well as women. Bringing together disparate fields - politics, medicine, sexuality, childhood, religion, migration, and many more topics - this new collection of essays demonstrates the richness of studying empire through the lens of gender.
Many dental procedures can be performed while using sleep dentistry, so theres no reason you cant have the dental work you need for the health of your smile while experiencing the comfort of IV sedation. If youre nervous about your next dental visit, theres a solution. Give us a call today to see if sleep dentistry could be right for you. We want all of our patients to be as comfortable as possible ...
Much of what we know about human biology and behaviour is first discovered as we study insects and other animals. Even though flies dont look anything like us, there is a surprising correspondence between many of our genetic mechanisms. For example, we have common genes and biochemical pathways that make up learning and biological clocks and contribute to neurodegenerative disorders. In fact, 67 to 72% of known human disease genes can be found in the fly.. Historically, a number of genetic discoveries made in the fly have translated to humans with great benefit, including a great deal of information about the nervous system. Conveniently, flies also have short life spans, so we can observe patterns in a number of generations in a short span of time.. Using the fly as our template, our lab is exploring how biology contributes to the social choices we make, the quality of our relationships with others and the patterns of relationships that make up our social life. Our work has already begun to ...
I hadnt seen an episode in a gazillion years. Much to my complete and utter shock BURKES LAW didnt hold up. For the first time I started thinking - how much was he on the take to afford that mansion and sweet ride? God, those girls were golddiggers! Its not that he was suave, its that he had bucks. Larry King could have played that part and scored just as well. Every suspect was a loon. In the episode I watched Michael Ansara was a fitness expert who went around with a bow and arrow, Fernando Lamas was an insane guitar store owner, Jim Backus played a guy in a Hawaiian shirt who just kept confessing for reasons known only to the writer, Diana Lynn was a drunk over-sexed widow stuffed into slacks like they were sausage casing, and in his most over the top performance (which is really saying something) -- William Shatner was a beatnik. The only bright spot was Joanie Sommers, one of my favorite singers of the 60s (jazz, pop, Pepsi) doing bot ...
Researchers and companies are bringing movement back into the office with treadmill desks, walking meetings and games. Employees say it has helped them lose weight and be more productive.
James Levine, an obesity expert at the Mayo Clinic came up with the idea of the treadmill desk. He says that since the 1960s, work spaces have been designed to minimize movement. Its a culturally ingrained mindset, he says, which dominates much of our lives today.

Levine is on a mission to get any kind of movement into the workplace and the workday and has consulted with a number of companies nationwide to help them do this. The most popular activity by far, he says, is the walk and talk meeting. Theyre generally shorter, more productive, and people dont fall asleep during walk-and-talk meetings. | this curious life
The dirty secret of Koch Industries is its birth under the centrally-planned Soviet Union. Fred Koch, the founder of the company and father of David and Charles, helped construct fifteen oil refineries for Joseph Stalin before expanding the business in the United States. - As Yasha Levine has reported, Koch exploits a number of government programs for profit. For instance, Georgia Pacific, a timber company subsidiary of Koch Industries, uses taxpayer money provided by the U.S. Forestry Service to provide their loggers with taxpayer-funded roads and access to virgin growth forests. "Logging companies such as Georgia-Pacific strip lands bare, destroy vast acreages and pay only a small fee to the federal government in proportion to what they take from the public," according to the Institute for Public Accuracy. Levine also notes that Kochs cattle ranching company, Matador Cattle Company, uses a New Deal program to profit off federal land for free.. - Koch Industries won massive government ...
The advent of modern neurobiological methods over the last three decades has provided overwhelming evidence that it is the interaction of genetic factors and the experience of the individual that guides and supports brain development. Brains do not develop normally in the absence of critical genetic signaling, and they do not develop normally in the absence of essential environmental input.
NOV 20 2008, 2:39 PM ET. So, as you have undoubtedly heard, the Forward has chosen me as one of its 50 most influential American Jews. Me, Rahm Emanuel, Sarah Silverman, and Lipa Schmeltzer, among others.. This honor has changed my life, especially the magnificent gift of 1,000 shares of AIG stock from the finance committee of the Elders of Zion. It has also caused heartache. Friends are envious, even non-Jewish friends. For instance, Malcolm Gladwell is very upset. When we were roommates a very long time ago, Malcolm used to listen to the klezmer stylings of Giora Feidman on his record player. He is, in other words, very Jewy. He is also deeply wounded. "I am so jealous," he wrote. "Shouldnt there be a parallel list for wanna-bes?". Yes, there should. If the Forward can publish a list of the top 50 Jews, then Goldblog can publish a list of the top 50 philo-Semites. I dont have a philosophical problem with this, by the way: I dissent from the line, first passed on to me by Frank Foer, who, ...
This blog really meant a lot to me, Ken. Im an aspiring comedy writer - currently working as a script coord on a show that shall remain nameless but working around crazy hours, having zero control over my life and the chaos involved have literally made me sick. And instead of any understanding from my bosses, I get either ignored, shut out or the youre not a team player because Im not willing to do this 24 hours a day for 11 months a year. Last night I became very depressed and thought maybe Im just not good enough to be in comedy if Im not willing to give my life up for it. Reading this on this day has made me see that thats insane to think that way and my life/health isnt worth losing over some stupid TV show. Now I just have to find a sane person to work for. Youre awesome, Ken. Keep doing what youre doing. And to anonymous - my heart goes out to you. Just know you are not alone. ...
Dr. Baron-Cohen argues that people can be placed on a continuum from systematic to empathetic. "Systemizing involves identifying the laws that govern how a system works. Once you know the laws, you can control the system or predict its behavior. Empathizing, on the other hand, involves recognizing what another person may be feeling or thinking, and responding to those feelings with an appropriate emotion of ones own.". Baron-Cohen says that males are statistically more likely to be systematic; females, to be empathetic. Some of this difference may be cultural, but there may also be a biological factor, since (a) the difference shows up very early in childhood; and (b) it may be connected to the fact that prenatal testosterone correlates negatively with socialibility in young children. If the level of prenatal testosterone affects where one falls on the empathetic-systematic spectrum (which has not been shown directly), then males would tend to be more more systematic and females would tend to ...
Condoms may be a good birth control option for couples who are responsible enough to use one each time and people who want protection against STDs.
Just as Prozac and other SSRI drugs are no longer seen by many scientists as an improvement in safety and effectiveness over the previous class of antidepressants, psychiatry s highly touted Zyprexa (and other atypical antipsychotics ) turns out to be no great advance over the older problematic anti-ps ychotics such as Haldol. Journalist Robert Whitaker, in Mad in America (2002), details how Eli Lilly s Zyprexa research was biased against the inexpensive Haldol and how claims of improved safety of Zyprexa are difficult to justify. Whitaker reports that in drug trials used by FDA reviewers, 22 percent of Zyprexa patients had serious adverse effects as compared to 18 percent of the Haldol patients. The United States and other nations that have bought psychiatry s and Big Pharma s explanations and treatments turn out to have worse results with those diagnosed as psychotic than those nations who are less enthusiastic about drugs and who care more about community. In 1992, the World Health ...
January 2013 began a year long experiment in joining the BioMicro Center Informatics team and the [http://ki.mit.edu/sbc/bioinformatics Barbara K. Ostrum Bioinformatics and Computing Facility in the Swanson Biotechnology Center of the Koch Institute] in to a single team. Our two teams have been collaborating for several years, sharing computational infrastructure, etc. but this year we will be formalizing and expanding the relationship with the goal of creating a more efficient unified core. The team is now jointly managed by Stuart Levine and Charlie Whittaker and is physically split between 76-189 and 68-317. Informatics analysis requests should still be sent to Charlie Whittaker or to Stuart Levine as usual, but will be spread across the joint team based on expertise and on availability. ,BR,,BR ...
Stephen Fry is amazing, and has been for a long time. When I was in grad school twenty years ago I struck up an email correspondence with him for a short time, in the early days of personal websites when he replied to posts that readers sent him. He was funny, self-deprecating, and supportive of this American trying to become a schoolteacher in his forties. He did write about portraying the typical upper-class twit in Cold Comfort Farm and how excited he was about the possibility of something different; playing Oscar Wilde in the film Wilde. Interesting however, is the fact that he seemed to think that we across the pond really knew much about Wilde. He wrote of the idea of naming the film Wilde Again, and I told him we would probably think it was a romantic comedy about people who couldnt spell. Nice man, and I still have copies of the emails. ...
News at 11: Coffee Drinking Study May Be Flawed Posted: 8/22/11 01:59 PM ET Every so often theres breaking news about the health benefits of coffee. Recently, millions of men breathed sighs of relief over their morning papers. A study on 50,000 men demonstrated that six cups of coffee a day (basically a pot) reduces…
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Afrough, B Agarwal, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, B Allen, G Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, A Amato, A Ananyeva, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, S V Angelova, S Antier, S Appert, K Arai, M C Araya, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, D V Atallah, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, K AultONeal, C Austin, A Avila-Alvarez, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, S Bae, M Bailes, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, S Banagiri, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, K Barkett, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, S D Barthelmy, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, M Bawaj, J C Bayley, M Bazzan, B Bécsy, C Beer, M Bejger, I Belahcene, A S Bell, B K Berger, G Bergmann, S Bernuzzi, J J Bero, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I ...
Desk job will take on a new meaning if Mayo Clinic endocrinologist James Levine has his way. Levine envisions offices of the future being filled with treadmill desks, where employees can keep fit
In the era of effective antiretroviral therapy, treated HIV-infected adults have a greater risk of non-AIDS related morbidity, which includes cardiovascular dis...
We all choose how to read religious texts, says this Vanderbilt Divinity School New Testament and Jewish studies professor who proposes that "what we can do is read graciously in the presence of our neighbor." More →. August 10, 2012 , Comments (9) ...
Steven M. Levine, M.D. is an aesthetic and reconstructive plastic surgeon in New York City specializing in cosmetic surgery of the face, breast, and body. After 7 years of training in plastic surgery at New York University, Dr. Levine is celebrating his 4th year of practice with his mentor, Dr. Daniel C. Baker. Like Dr. Baker, his early years were devoted to microsurgery and limb reattachment as well as head and neck cancer reconstruction.. Now he is following in Dr. Bakers footsteps, performing aesthetic surgery of the face, nose, eyelids, and breasts, as well as body sculpting and liposuction. Dr. Levine continues to dedicate time to facial cancer and reconstructive surgery.. Dr. Levine has numerous publications on cosmetic plastic surgery, breast reconstruction, facial reconstruction, and liposuction. In addition, Dr. Steven Levine has been invited to present on these topics at both national and international meetings. Read Dr. Levines research publications here.. ...
Looking for online definition of 1,4-Butanediol dimethanesulfonate in the Medical Dictionary? 1,4-Butanediol dimethanesulfonate explanation free. What is 1,4-Butanediol dimethanesulfonate? Meaning of 1,4-Butanediol dimethanesulfonate medical term. What does 1,4-Butanediol dimethanesulfonate mean?
Aqua, Sodium Laureth Sulfate, Coco Glucoside, Cocamidopropyl Betaine, Sodium Chloride, Glycerin, PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil, PEG-7 Glyceryl Cocoate, Cocamide DEA; Allantoin, Styrene, Acrylates Copolymer (and) Coco-Glucoside, Parfum, Hoppophae Rhamnoides Oil Polysorbate Esrers; Propylene Glycol, Alcohol, Hamamelis Virginiana Distillate, Panthenol, Butylene Glycol, Arnica Montana Flower Water, Niacinamide, Thiamine HCL, Biotine; EDTA; Avena Sativa Kernel Extract; Retinyl Acetate, Tocopherol Acetate, Linoleic Acid (and) Linolenic Acid, Arachidonic Acid; Butylene Glycol, Pentylene Glycol, Dihydroavenanthramide D; Hydrolyzed Wheat Gluten, Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein; Citric Acid; Benzyl Alcohol, 5-Chlor- 2-Methyl- 4-Isotiazolinone- 3-on; Alpha-isomethyl Ionone, Citronellol, Geraniol, Hexyl Linalool; Benzyl Salicylate.. ...
04399 INGREDIENTS: AQUA (WATER) • SHELLAC • BUTYLENE GLYCOL • PENTYLENE GLYCOL • ACRYLATES/OCTYLACRYLAMIDE COPOLYMER • TRILAURETH-4 PHOSPHATE • TROMETHAMINE • PEG/PPG-14/4 DIMETHICONE • PHENOXYETHANOL • XANTHAN GUM • AMMONIUM ACRYLOYLDIMETHYLTAURATE/VP COPOLYMER • ISOPROPYL ISOSTEARATE • POLYBUTENE • GLYCERYL STEARATE • SODIUM DEHYDROACETATE • PEG-20 METHYL GLUCOSE SESQUISTEARATE • CETETH-20 • [+/- MICA • CI 77891 (TITANIUM DIOXIDE) • CI 77491, CI 77492, CI 77499 (IRON OXIDES) • CI 75470 (CARMINE) • CI 77000 (ALUMINUM POWDER) • CI 77007 (ULTRAMARINES) • CI 77163 (BISMUTH OXYCHLORIDE) • CI 77288 (CHROMIUM OXIDE GREENS) • CI 77289 (CHROMIUM HYDROXIDE GREEN) • CI 77510 (FERRIC FERROCYANIDE) • CI 77742 (MANGANESE VIOLET)] ...
Phyllostachis Bambusoides Juice, Butylene Glycol, Water, Alcohol, Glycerin, Butylene Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate, Dimethicone, Pentaerythrityl Tetraethylhexanoate, Squalane, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract, Cetearyl Alcohol, C14-22 Alcohols, Opuntia Coccinellifera Fruit Extract, Glycine Soja (Soybean) Seed Extract, Nelumbo Nucifera Flower Extract, Hydrolyzed Phyllostachis Bambusoides, Hydrolyzed Camellia Sinensis Leaf, Sodium Hyaluronate, Beta-Glucan, Hydroxypropyl Bispalmitamide Mea, Theanine, Camellia Sinensis Flower Extract, Kaempferol, Epigallocatechin Gallate, Xylitylglucoside, Anhydroxylitol, Xylitol, Stearyl Behenate, Cyclopentasiloxane, Cetearyl Olivate, Stearic Acid, Sorbitan Olivate, Dimethiconol, Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil, Propanediol, Glyceryl Stearate, Peg-100 Stearate, Polyacrylate-13, C12-20 Alkyl Glucoside, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Polyglyceryl-3 Methylglucose Distearate, Polyisobutene, Tocopherol, ...
CNP Laboratory A Clean All Control Moisturizer ingredients explained: Water, Propylene Glycol, Rosa Canina Fruit Oil, Niacinamide, Diglycerin, Glycerin, C14-22 Alcohols, C12-20 Alkyl Glucoside, Panthenol, Butylene Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate, Polyglyceryl-10 Stearate, Butylene Glycol, Sorbitan Stearate, Sucrose Cocoate, Cyclopentasiloxane, Cyclohexasiloxane, 1,2-Hexanediol, Hydroxyacetophenone, Phytosphingosine, Tocopheryl Acetate, Polyacrylate-13, Polyisobutene, Polysorbate 20, Allantoin, Magnolia Kobus Bark Extract, Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract, Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Fruit Extract, Thujopsis Dolabrata Branch Extract, Xanthan Gum, Sodium Carbomer, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer, Disodium EDTA, Madecassoside, Sodium Hyaluronate, Glycosaminoglycans, Pentylene Glycol, Fructose, Citric Acid, Sodium Hydroxide, Maltose, Sodium PCA, Sodium Chloride, Trehalose, Diethylhexyl Syringylidenemalonate, Sodium Lactate, Urea, Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Oil,
14156 INGREDIENTS: AQUA (WATER) • BUTYLENE GLYCOL • GLYCERIN • PROPANEDIOL • SQUALANE • CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE • MEL (HONEY) • CELLULOSE • ALCOHOL • ARACHIDYL ALCOHOL • ROYAL JELLY • FRUCTOSE • C10-18 TRIGLYCERIDES • SYNTHETIC FLUORPHLOGOPITE • SODIUM POLYACRYLATE • STEARALKONIUM HECTORITE • CI 77891 (TITANIUM DIOXIDE) • BEHENYL ALCOHOL • CETYL ALCOHOL • STEARYL ALCOHOL • CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC/SUCCINIC TRIGLYCERIDE • ARACHIDYL GLUCOSIDE • AVENA SATIVA (OAT) KERNEL EXTRACT • CAPRYLYL GLYCOL • PENTYLENE GLYCOL • ZINGIBER ZERUMBET EXTRACT • CHLORPHENESIN • PROPYLENE CARBONATE • SODIUM STEAROYL GLUTAMATE • TOCOPHERYL ACETATE • SODIUM CITRATE • AESCULUS HIPPOCASTANUM (HORSE CHESTNUT) EXTRACT • PARFUM (FRAGRANCE) • ACRYLATES/C10-30 ALKYL ACRYLATE CROSSPOLYMER • CENTELLA ASIATICA LEAF EXTRACT • HYALURONIC ACID • MALVA SYLVESTRIS (MALLOW) EXTRACT • SODIUM HYALURONATE • ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS (ROSEMARY) LEAF EXTRACT • ...
Water, Butylene Glycol, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Titanium Dioxide, Clorella Vulgaris Extract, Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract, Portulaca Oleracea Extract, Lavandula Augustifolia (Lavender) Flower/Leaf/Stem Extract, Ocimum Basilicum (Basil) Flower/Leaf/Stem Extract, Syringa Vulgaris (Lilac) Extract, Houttuynia Cordata Extract, Angelica Keiskei Leaf/Stem Extract, Rosamarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract, Althaea Officinalis Leaf/Root Extract, Sodium Hyaluronate, Sorbitan Sesquioleate, Sorbitan Olivate, Beeswax, Lanolin, Hydrogenated Polydecene, Butylene Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate, Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil, Limnanthes Alba (Meadowfoam) Seed Oil, Tocopheryl Acetate, Polysorbate 20, Propylene Glycol Stearate, Propylene Glycol Laurate, Bentonite, Methylparaben, Phenoxyethanol, Disodium Edta, Allantoin, Sodium Chloride, Propylparaben, Butylparaben, Cl 77491, Cl 77492, Cl 77499, Fragrance ...
INGREDIENTS: Water (Aqua), Cyclomethicone, Ethylhexyl Palmitate, Neopentyl Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate, Squalane, Polyglyceryl-4 Isostearate, Cetyl PEG/PPG-10/1 Dimethicone, Hexyl Laurate, Glycerin, Beeswax, Magnesium Ascorbyl Phosphate, Anthemis Nobilis Flower Extract, Camellia Oleifera Leaf Extract, Citrus Unshiu Extract, Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract, Saccharum Officinarum (Sugar Cane) Extract, Pyrus Malus (Apple) Fruit Extract, PPG-12/SMDI Copolymer, Polyquaternium-51, Sodium PCA, Sodium Hyaluronate, Trehalose, Urea, Ascorbic Acid, Triacetin, Ascorbyl Glucoside, Retinyl Palmitate, Tocopherol, Tocopheryl Acetate, Ubiquinone, Hydrolyzed Elastin, Soluble Collagen, Butylene Glycol, Propylene Glycol, Magnesium Sulfate, BHT, Methylparaben, Isopropylparaben, Isobutylparaben, Butylparaben, Phenoxyethanol, Tetrasodium ...
... widely used as an automotive antifreeze as well as higher molecular weight glycols, glycol ethers and polyethylene ... Clockwise from the upper right: its conversions to ethylene oxide, precursor to ethylene glycol; to ethylbenzene, precursor to ... Ethylene oxide is also hydrolyzed to produce ethylene glycol, ... Butylene. *Centalun. *Chloral. *Chloral betaine. *Chloral ...
The yeasts also help keep levels low by consuming diacetyl and reducing it to acetoin and butylene glycol.[5] ...
Unlike methanol or ethylene glycol poisoning, the metabolites of isopropyl alcohol are less toxic, and treatment is largely ... unless co-ingestion with methanol or ethylene glycol is suspected.[33] ...
"1,3 Butylene Glycol".. *^ Marie, Christine; Bralet, Anne-Marie; Bralet, Jean (1987). "Protective Action of 1,3-Butanediol in ... "1,3-butylene glycol - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. ... Butane-1,3-diol[1] OtherNames = 1,3-butylene glycol, butane-1,3-diol, or 1,3-dihydroxybutane ...
"1,3-butylene glycol - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information (26 March 2005). ...
In the presence of strong acids, THF converts to a linear polymer called poly(tetramethylene ether) glycol (PTMEG), also known ... Butylene oxide. Cyclotetramethylene oxide. Diethylene oxide. Tetra-methylene oxide. Identifiers CAS Number ...
Other popular humectants in cosmetics include glycerin, sorbitol (sugar alcohol), hexylene and butylene glycol, urea, and ... Humectants used in cosmetics include triethylene glycol,[16] tripropylene glycol,[17] propylene glycol, and PPGs. ... "Safety Assessment of Propylene Glycol, Tripropylene Glycol, and PPGs as Used in Cosmetics". International Journal of Toxicology ... "Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Triethylene Glycol and PEG-41". International Journal of Toxicology. 25 (2_suppl): 121 ...
... butylene glycols MeSH D02.033.455.125.125 --- busulfan MeSH D02.033.455.250 --- ethylene glycols MeSH D02.033.455.250.130 --- ... polyethylene glycols MeSH D02.033.455.250.700.150 --- cetomacrogol MeSH D02.033.455.250.700.485 --- hydrogel MeSH D02.033. ... propylene glycols MeSH D02.033.455.706.100 --- alpha-chlorohydrin MeSH D02.033.455.706.300 --- chloramphenicol MeSH D02.033. ... propylene glycol MeSH D02.033.455.706.900 --- tromethamine MeSH D02.033.455.843 --- sphingosine MeSH D02.033.480.300 --- ...
... , also called butylene glycol, may refer to any one of four stable structural isomers: 1,2-Butanediol 1,3-Butanediol ...
Other enterics subsequently use the butylene glycol pathway to metabolize pyruvic acid to neutral end products. These bacteria ...
"1,3-butylene glycol - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. ... 1,3-Butanediol (also known as 1,3-butylene glycol, butane-1,3-diol, or 1,3-dihydroxybutane) is an organic chemical, an alcohol ...
3-butylene glycol in vitro". Acta Dermato-venereologica. R. Rietschel; J. Fowler; A. Fisher Hexylene Glycol. In Fisher's ... Hexylene Glycol Product Page Hexylene Glycol at Jena Bioscience, Hexylene Glycol Product Page Chemicalland21.com Hexylene ... Additionally hexylene glycol is not a strong denaturing agent and thus does not significantly alter the structure of a protein ... When hexylene glycol binds to these different locations, water is removed and the protein crystals anneal, which prevents ice ...
Strecker HJ; Harary I (1954). "Bacterial butylene glycol dehydrogenase and diacetyl reductase". J. Biol. Chem. 211 (1): 263-270 ... butylene glycol dehydrogenase, diacetyl (acetoin) reductase, D-aminopropanol dehydrogenase, D-aminopropanol dehydrogenase, 1- ...
... ethylene glycol, water and inhibitor mixture polyesters - any of several polymers with ester linkages in the main chain glycol ... butylenes and butadienes isomers of butylene - useful as monomers or co-monomers isobutylene - feed for making methyl tert- ... used in the production of polyurethanes propylene glycol - used in engine coolant and aircraft deicer fluid glycol ethers - ... from condensation of glycols acrylic acid acrylic polymers allyl chloride - epichlorohydrin - chloro-oxirane; used in epoxy ...
Butylene Glycol, Glycolic Acid, Mentha Piperita (Peppermint) Oil. ... Pentylene Glycol, PEG-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Salvia ...
Water , Glycerin, Cetyl Ethylhexanoate, Butylene Glycol, Glyceryl Stearate, PEG-100 Stearate, Nelumbo Nucifera Root Extract, ... Propylene Glycol, PVM/MA Copolymer , Allantoin, Carbomer, Phenoxyethanol, 1,2-Hexanediol , Propanediol , Caprylyl Glycol , ...
Centella Asiatica Extract, Glycerin, Butylene Glycol, Cetearyl Alcohol, Glyceryl Stearate SE, Carbomer, Triethanolamine, ... Paraoxivengosanmetil, Cyclomethicone, Dipropylene Glycol, Water. The Brand: With the commitment to ensuring that each Swanicoco ...
Snail Secretion Filtrate, Betaine, Butylene Glycol, 1,2-Hexanediol, Sodium Hyaluronate, Panthenol, Arginine, Allantoin, Ethyl ...
Butylene Glycol, Amodimethicone, Octoxynol-40, Isolaureth-6, Propylene Glycol, Fragrance/Parfum, Sodium Benzoate, ...
Butylene Glycol, Sodium Polycrylate, Polyacrylic Acid, Benzoic Acid, Disodium EDTA, Sodium Benzoate, Citric Acid, Caprylic/ ...
Butylene Glycol, 1,2-Hexanediol, Hydrogenated Lecithin, Hydrolyzed Egg Shell Membrane, Hydroxyethylcellulose, Xanthan Gum, ...
Butylene Glycol, Glyceryl Stearate Citrate, Pentylene Glycol, Methylpropanediol, Argania Spinosa Kernel Oil, Hydrogenated Coco- ... Caprylyl Glycol, BHT, Parfum. Hoiatused ja ettevaatusabinõud. Vältige kokkupuudet silmadega.. Säilitamistingimused. Ärge hoidke ...
Butylene-Glycol, Saxifraga Sarmentosa Extract, Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Fruit Extract, Morus Bombycis Root Extract, Scutellaria ...
Butylene Glycol, Disodium EDTA, Citric Acid, Hexylene Glycol, Caprylyl Glycol, Potassium Sorbate, Phenoxyethanol, Parfum ( ...
Aqua (Water), Butylene Glycol, Polyquaternium-28, Sericin, Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract, Actinidia Chinensis ... Hexylene Glycol, Caprylyl Glycol, Ethylhexylglycerin, Phenoxyethanol, Parfum (Fragrance), Alpha-Isomethyl Ionone, Benzyl ...
Butylene Glycol Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter Caffeine Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract ... Propylene Glycol Free. Free of the vehicle (gives substance) propylene glycol and similar vehicles. ...
Butylene Glycol Calcium Aluminum Borosilicate Caprylyl Glycol Dimethicone Dimethicone/Bis-Isobutyl Ppg-20 Crosspolymer ... Propylene Glycol Free. Free of the vehicle (gives substance) propylene glycol and similar vehicles. ...
Burdock Root in Butylene Glycol - 3222NBG Bio-Botanica, Inc. * INCI Name:. Butylene Glycol (and) Aqua (and) Arctium Lappa Root ... Black Cohosh Root in Butylene Glycol - 3211NBG Bio-Botanica, Inc. * INCI Name:. Butylene Glycol (and) Aqua (and) Cimicifuga ... Caprylyl Glycol (and) Phenoxyethanol Caprylyly Glycol, Phenoxyeethanol (ParbFree™ PCG) is a complete system for paraben esters- ... Black Cohosh Root in Propylene Glycol - 3211NPG Bio-Botanica, Inc. * INCI Name:. Propylene Glycol (and) Aqua (and) Cimicifuga ...
Aqua (water), butylene glycol, butyrospermum parkii (shea butter), dimethicone, parfum (fragrance), steareth-2, alcohol, phenyl ... caprylyl glycol, tocopheryl acetate, butylphenyl methylpropional, acrylates/c10-30 alkyl acrylate crosspolymer, disodium edta, ...
Butylene Glycol. - An emulsifier and humectant. Helps skin retain water content.. Butylparaben (Butyl p-hydroxybenzoate) ...
BUTYLENE GLYCOL, BUTYLENE GLYCOL DICAPRYLATE/DICAPRATE, ORBIGNYA OLEIFERA SEED OIL, BUTYLOCTYL SALICYLATE, CETYL PEG/PPG-10/1 ... Pentylene Glycol, Butylene Glycol, Sodium Hyaluronate, Bht, [+/- : Ci 77891/Titanium Dioxide, Ci 77491, Ci 77492, Ci 77499/Iron ... CAPRYLYL GLYCOL, TRIETHOXYCAPRYLYLSILANE, ETHYLHEXYLGLYCERIN, CITRUS MEDICA LIMONUM (LEMON) PEEL OIL, TOCOPHERYL ACETATE, ... PROPYLENE GLYCOL, PHENOXYETHANOL, VP/VA COPOLYMER, AMINOMETHYL PROPANEDIOL, POLYVINYL ALCOHOL, CHLORPHENESIN, ...
Water, Dimethicone, Butylene Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate, Butylene Glycol, Titanium Dioxide [Nano] / Titanium Dioxide, Zinc ...
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Butylene Glycol Dicaprylate-Dicaprate. *Butylparaben. *Butylphenyl Methylpropional. *Butyrospermum Parkii. *Butyrospermum ...
CAPRYLYL GLYCOL, TOCOPHERYL ACETATE, BUTYLENE GLYCOL, QUATERNIUM-95, PHOSPHOLIPIDS, LACTIC ACID, DISODIUM EDTA, P-ANISIC ACID, ... NEOPENTYL GLYCOL DIHEPTANOATE, ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL, HYDROXYETHYLCELLULOSE, HYDROXYPROPYL GUAR, POLYQUATERNIUM-55, PANTHENOL, ...
Butylene Glycol (hydration), Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer (texture-enhancing), Xanthan Gum (texture-enhancing ...
Caprylyl Glycol, Ethylhexylglycerin, Hexylene Glycol, Butylene Glycol, Phenoxyethanol, Fragrance (Parfum). ...
Butylene Glycol, Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil, Cetearyl Alcohol, Dimethicone, Stearic Acid, Macademia Ternifolia Seed Oil, ...