Mixture of 2- and 3-tert-butyl-4-methoxyphenols that is used as an antioxidant in foods, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.
A di-tert-butyl PHENOL with antioxidant properties.
A group of compounds that are derivatives of methoxybenzene and contain the general formula R-C7H7O.
Antioxidant; also a post-harvest dip to prevent scald on apples and pears.
Antioxidant for foods, fats, oils, ethers, emulsions, waxes, and transformer oils.
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
Carcinogenic nitrosamine that may be formed from preservatives in meats during their preparation or in the liver during metabolism.
A transferase that catalyzes the addition of aliphatic, aromatic, or heterocyclic FREE RADICALS as well as EPOXIDES and arene oxides to GLUTATHIONE. Addition takes place at the SULFUR. It also catalyzes the reduction of polyol nitrate by glutathione to polyol and nitrite.
A class of chemicals that contain an anthracene ring with a naphthalene ring attached to it.
An increase in the rate of synthesis of an enzyme due to the presence of an inducer which acts to derepress the gene responsible for enzyme synthesis.
Substances that influence the course of a chemical reaction by ready combination with free radicals. Among other effects, this combining activity protects pancreatic islets against damage by cytokines and prevents myocardial and pulmonary perfusion injuries.
Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.
An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.
Carbamates in which the -CO- group has been replaced by a -CS- group.
Benzene derivatives that include one or more hydroxyl groups attached to the ring structure.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.
Use of written, printed, or graphic materials upon or accompanying a food or its container or wrapper. The concept includes ingredients, NUTRITIONAL VALUE, directions, warnings, and other relevant information.
Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for processed and raw foods and beverages. It includes packaging intended to be used for storage and also used for preparation of foods such as microwave food containers versus COOKING AND EATING UTENSILS. Packaging materials may be intended for food contact or designated non-contact, for example, shipping containers. FOOD LABELING is also available.
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
A plant species of the genus CITRUS, family RUTACEAE that provides the familiar orange fruit which is also a source of orange oil.
Formation of stones in the KIDNEY.
The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.
Substances made up of an aggregation of small particles, as that obtained by grinding or trituration of a solid drug. In pharmacy it is a form in which substances are administered. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Complex pharmaceutical substances, preparations, or matter derived from organisms usually obtained by biological methods or assay.
Drugs manufactured and sold with the intent to misrepresent its origin, authenticity, chemical composition, and or efficacy. Counterfeit drugs may contain inappropriate quantities of ingredients not listed on the label or package. In order to further deceive the consumer, the packaging, container, or labeling, may be inaccurate, incorrect, or fake.
Native, inorganic or fossilized organic substances having a definite chemical composition and formed by inorganic reactions. They may occur as individual crystals or may be disseminated in some other mineral or rock. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A specialized CONNECTIVE TISSUE that is the main constituent of the SKELETON. The principle cellular component of bone is comprised of OSTEOBLASTS; OSTEOCYTES; and OSTEOCLASTS, while FIBRILLAR COLLAGENS and hydroxyapatite crystals form the BONE MATRIX.
Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.
Articles of food which are derived by a process of manufacture from any portion of carcasses of any animal used for food (e.g., head cheese, sausage, scrapple).
An enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of myo-inositol hexakisphosphate and water to 1L-myo-inositol 1,2,3,4,5-pentakisphosphate and orthophosphate. EC 3.1.3.26.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
Domesticated birds raised for food. It typically includes CHICKENS; TURKEYS, DUCKS; GEESE; and others.
Substances which are of little or no nutritive value, but are used in the processing or storage of foods or animal feed, especially in the developed countries; includes ANTIOXIDANTS; FOOD PRESERVATIVES; FOOD COLORING AGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS (both plain and LOCAL); VEHICLES; EXCIPIENTS and other similarly used substances. Many of the same substances are PHARMACEUTIC AIDS when added to pharmaceuticals rather than to foods.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
A xylosidase that catalyses the random hydrolysis of 1,3-beta-D-xylosidic linkages in 1,3-beta-D-xylans.
Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.
Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.
The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.
Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)
Industrial products consisting of a mixture of chlorinated biphenyl congeners and isomers. These compounds are highly lipophilic and tend to accumulate in fat stores of animals. Many of these compounds are considered toxic and potential environmental pollutants.
Substances or energies, for example heat or light, which when introduced into the air, water, or land threaten life or health of individuals or ECOSYSTEMS.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Naturally occurring complex liquid hydrocarbons which, after distillation, yield combustible fuels, petrochemicals, and lubricants.
A chemical process for separating the components of a liquid mixture by boiling and collecting condensed vapors.
Determination of the spectra of ultraviolet absorption by specific molecules in gases or liquids, for example Cl2, SO2, NO2, CS2, ozone, mercury vapor, and various unsaturated compounds. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A plastic substance deposited by insects or obtained from plants. Waxes are esters of various fatty acids with higher, usually monohydric alcohols. The wax of pharmacy is principally yellow wax (beeswax), the material of which honeycomb is made. It consists chiefly of cerotic acid and myricin and is used in making ointments, cerates, etc. (Dorland, 27th ed)
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
An amorphous form of carbon prepared from the incomplete combustion of animal or vegetable matter, e.g., wood. The activated form of charcoal is used in the treatment of poisoning. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Chromatography on non-ionic gels without regard to the mechanism of solute discrimination.

UVB activates ERK1/2 and p38 signaling pathways via reactive oxygen species in cultured keratinocytes. (1/170)

We have previously shown that hydrogen peroxide is an important mediator of ultraviolet B induced phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor receptor in human keratinocytes. Here we demonstrate that physiologic doses of ultraviolet B and hydrogen peroxide stimulate activation of two related but distinct mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways: extracellular regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2), as well as p38, the mammalian homolog of HOG1 in yeast which is a major kinase for a recently identified stress-induced signaling pathway. The time-dependent activation of ERK1/2 and p38 are distinct, and ultraviolet B-induced ERK1/2 activation is downregulated more rapidly than p38. Using dihydrorhodamine or Amplex as specific fluorescent dye probes, we show that ultraviolet B-induced peroxides can be inhibited by ascorbic acid. Ascorbic acid strongly blocks ERK1/2 and p38 activation by ultraviolet B and hydrogen peroxide whereas pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate and butyl hydroxyanisole are less effective. Pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate was unable to inhibit ultraviolet B-induced p38 activation. Cell death was increased after ultraviolet B when ERK1/2 activation was attenuated by the specific inhibitor PD098059. The distinct time courses and extents of activation and inhibition of ERK1/2 and p38 indicate that these pathways are separate and regulated independently in keratinocytes. Specific types of reactive oxygen species induced by ultraviolet B as well as selective activation or inhibition of specific phosphatases may mediate these responses in keratinocytes. These findings demonstrate that reactive oxygen species are important multifunctional mediators of ultraviolet B-induced ERK1/2 and p38 signaling transduction pathways and suggest that ERK1/2 may play an important part in protecting keratinocytes from cell death following oxidative stress.  (+info)

Patterns of DNA adduct formation in liver and mammary epithelial cells of rats treated with 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene, and selective effects of chemopreventive agents. (2/170)

7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) is a prototype carcinogen that induces a high yield of mammary tumors in rats after a single feeding. We investigated the induction and chemoprevention of DNA adducts in female Sprague Dawley rats receiving DMBA by gavage according to a variety of treatment schedules. The patterns of 32P-postlabeled DNA adducts in liver and mammary epithelial cells were similar to those produced by the in vitro reaction of metabolically activated DMBA with calf thymus DNA. There was a high and statistically significant correlation between dose of DMBA administered to rats (0, 0.6, 2.4, and 12 mg/kg body weight) and levels of DNA adducts in both types of cells. The regression lines relating DMBA doses to total DNA adduct levels were significantly divergent and crossed at 1.5 mg/kg body weight, indicating that, at lower doses, the formation of DNA adducts is more intense in target mammary cells, whereas at higher doses, DNA adduct levels are more elevated in liver cells, presumably due to the greater metabolic capacity of this organ. When the rats were sacrificed 7 days rather than 2 days after DMBA administration, DNA adduct levels were approximately halved in both liver and mammary cells. The observed patterns can be interpreted based on toxicokinetic factors, local and distant metabolism, removal of DNA adducts by excision repair, and cell proliferation rate. Of three chemopreventive agents given with the diet to rats treated with 12 mg of DMBA, 5,6-benzoflavone (1650 ppm) was the most effective, inhibiting DNA adduct formation in liver and mammary cells by 96.5 and 83.5%, respectively. Feeding of 1,2-dithiole-3-thione (600 ppm) inhibited this biomarker by 68.5 and 50.2%, whereas butyl hydroxyanisole (BHA; 5000 ppm) showed a significant inhibition in the liver (46.5%) but was ineffective in mammary cells (29.0%, not significant). These data correlate nicely with the results of a parallel study in which 5,6-benzoflavone, 1,2-dithiole-3-thione, and BHA inhibited formation of hemoglobin adducts by 80.0, 44.0, and 0%, respectively; the incidence of mammary tumors by 82.4, 47.1, and 5.9%, respectively; and their multiplicity by 92.6, 80.0, and 7.4%, respectively. Therefore, biomarkers of biologically effective dose are highly predictive of the efficacy of chemopreventive agents in the DMBA rat mammary model. The selective inhibition by BHA of DNA adducts in the liver but not in mammary cells is consistent with the finding that this phenolic antioxidant stimulated phase II activities in the liver but not in the mammary gland (L. L. Song et al., manuscript in preparation). In any case, the broad-spectrum inducer 5,6-BF appears to be more effective than the two monofunctional phase II inducers, presumably because an enhanced activation of DMBA to reactive metabolites is coordinated with their blocking, detoxification, and excretion.  (+info)

Effects of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) on the acetylation of 2-aminofluorene and DNA-2-aminofluorene adducts in the rat. (3/170)

The effects of the synthetic phenolic antioxidants (butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene) on the in vivo acetylation of 2-aminofluorene and formation of DNA-2-aminofluorene adducts were investigated in male Sprague-Dawley rats. For in vitro examination, cytosols and intact cells, with or without butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene co-treatment, showed different percentages of 2-aminofluorene acetylation and DNA-2-aminofluorene adducts. For in vivo examination, pre-treatment of male rats with butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene (10 mg/kg) 48 h prior to the administration of 2-aminofluorene (50 mg/kg) resulted in 34% and 18%, 29% and 20% decreases, respectively, in the urinary and fecal recovery of N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene, and 34% and 19% decreases, respectively, in the metabolic clearance of 2-aminofluorene to N-acetyl-2-aminofluorene. Following exposure of rats to the 2-aminofluorene, with or without pretreatment with butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene, DNA-2-aminofluorene adducts were observed in the target tissues of liver and bladder, and also in circulating leukocytes. The DNA-2-aminofluorene adducts in liver, bladder, and leukocytes were decreased by pretreatment with butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene. This is the first demonstration that synthetic phenolic antioxidants decrease the N-acetylation of carcinogens and formation of DNA-carcinogen adducts in vivo.  (+info)

Specificity of endogenous fatty acid release during tumor necrosis factor-induced apoptosis in WEHI 164 fibrosarcoma cells. (4/170)

Recombinant tumor necrosis factor alpha (rTNF-alpha)-induced release of endogenous fatty acids was examined in WEHI 164 clone 13 fibrosarcoma cells using a highly sensitive HPLC method. The initial rTNF-alpha-induced extracellular release of endogenous fatty acids was dominated by 20:4n;-6, 22:4n;-6, 24:4n;-6, and 18:1n;-9 showing relative rates of 2.9, 0.9, 1.1, and 1.0, respectively. Release of endogenous AA and DNA fragmentation occurred simultaneously and preceded cell death by approx. 2 h. Methyl arachidonoyl fluorophosphonate and LY311727, specific inhibitors of Ca(2+)-dependent cytosolic PLA(2) (cPLA(2)) and secretory PLA(2) (sPLA(2)), respectively, neither blocked rTNF-alpha-induced cytotoxicity or endogenous AA release. However, both inhibitors reduced rTNF-alpha-induced release of other endogenous fatty acids. In comparison, the antioxidant butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) completely inhibited the rTNF-alpha-induced cytotoxicity as well as AA release mediated through the TNF receptor p55, while the very similar antioxidant butylated hydroxytoluene had no effect. BHA did not inhibit recombinant cPLA(2) or sPLA(2) enzyme activity in vitro. Furthermore, stimulation of cells with rTNF-alpha for 4 h did not increase cPLA(2) enzyme activity. The data indicate that neither cPLA(2) or sPLA(2) mediate rTNF-alpha-induced apoptosis and extracellular AA release in WEHI cells. The results suggest that a BHA-sensitive signaling pathway coupled to AA release is a key event in TNF-induced cytotoxicity in these cells.  (+info)

p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase negatively regulates the induction of phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes that detoxify carcinogens. (5/170)

Phase II drug-metabolizing enzymes, such as glutathione S-transferase and quinone reductase, play an important role in the detoxification of chemical carcinogens. The induction of these detoxifying enzymes by a variety of agents occurs at the transcriptional level and is regulated by a cis-acting element, called the antioxidant response element (ARE) or electrophile-response element. In this study, we identified a signaling kinase pathway that negatively regulates ARE-mediated gene expression. Treatment of human hepatoma HepG2 and murine hepatoma Hepa1c1c7 cells with tert-butylhydroquinone (tBHQ) stimulated the activity of p38, a member of mitogen-activated protein kinase family. Inhibition of p38 activation by its inhibitor, SB203580, enhanced the induction of quinone reductase activity and the activation of ARE reporter gene by tBHQ. In contrast, SB202474, a negative analog of SB203580, had little effect. Consistent with this result, interfering with the p38 kinase pathway by overexpression of a dominant-negative mutant of p38 or MKK3, an immediate upstream regulator of p38, potentiated the activation of the ARE reporter gene by tBHQ, whereas the wild types of p38 and MKK3 diminished such activation. In addition, inhibition of p38 activity augmented the induction of ARE reporter gene activity by tert-butylhydroxyanisole, sulforaphane, and beta-naphthoflavone. Thus, p38 kinase pathway functions as a negative regulator in the ARE-mediated induction of phase II detoxifying enzymes.  (+info)

Examination of selected food additives and organochlorine food contaminants for androgenic activity in vitro. (6/170)

In order to produce a reporter gene assay for androgenic chemicals, a constitutive expression vector coding for the human androgen receptor and a reporter construct containing the firefly luciferase coding sequence under transcriptional control of the androgen responsive MMTV promoter were cotransfected into the androgen-insensitive human PC-3 prostate carcinoma cell line and stable transfectants selected. One colony of transfectants, PC-3 LUCAR+, was characterized further. 5alpha-Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) enhanced luciferase activity in a linear fashion for up to 3 days of culture. The Kd for DHT activation was within the range of 25.0-60.0 pM (r2 values >0.95). Flutamide competitively inhibited DHT activation (mean Ki value of 0.89 microM). Progesterone, estradiol, dexamethasone, and hydrocortisone were weak agonists (100-fold less effective than DHT) and diethylstilbestrol was without effect. The effects of organochlorine food contaminants (0, 0.1, 1.0, and 10.0 microM) on luciferase activity in PC-3 LUCAR+ cells were determined after exposure to the chemical for 18 h in the presence and absence of DHT (50 pM). 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-ethylene (p,p'-DDE) induced luciferase activity in the absence of DHT (100 microM p,p'-DDE equivalent to 50 pM DHT), but in the presence of DHT (50 pM), p,p'-DDE acted antagonistically. 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, kepone, butylated hydroxyanisole, and butylated hydroxytoluene all partially inhibited activation by DHT (50 pM) but alone had little or no effect. Toxaphene at 10 microM induced luciferase activity in the absence of DHT but decreased cell viability. Alpha- and delta-Hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCH) at 10 microM antagonized the DHT effect, but beta-HCH and gamma-HCH mirex, photomirex, oxychlordane, cis- and trans-nonachlor were without effect. Thus, of the chemicals tested, some interact with the human androgen receptor in vitro as agonists, others as antagonists, and some as partial agonists/antagonists.  (+info)

Modulation of the phosphatase activity of calcineurin by oxidants and antioxidants in vitro. (7/170)

Previous research has indicated that oxidants, antioxidants and the intracellular redox state regulate the activities of a variety of protein tyrosine kinases, protein tyrosine phosphatases, phospholipases and transcription factors. In order to explore the redox regulation of the serine/threonine phosphatase calcineurin, we have investigated the effects of a variety of oxidants and antioxidants on calcineurin phosphatase activity in vitro. The oxidants hydrogen peroxide, superoxide and glutathione disulfide inhibited the phosphatase activity of calcineurin in a dose-dependent manner. Incubation of purified calcineurin with the antioxidants ascorbate, ascorbate 2-phosphate, alpha-lipoic acid, N-acetyl-L-cysteine and glutathione increased phosphatase activity relative to untreated controls. In contrast, several other commonly used antioxidants, including butylated hydroxytoluene, butylated hydroxyanisole, TEMPOL (4-hydroxy-2,2,6, 6-tetramethylpiperidine-N-oxyl), Trolox (6-hydroxy-2,5,7, 8-tetramethyl-chroman-2-carboxylic acid) and dihydrolipoic acid decreased the activity of purified calcineurin, possibly through prooxidative mechanisms. Although the antioxidant pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate increased the activity of purified calcineurin, it significantly inhibited the activity of calcineurin present in crude fibroblast lysates. These results support and extend the hypothesis that redox factors modulate the phosphatase activity of calcineurin and suggest that further in vivo studies are warranted.  (+info)

Induction of murine intestinal and hepatic peroxiredoxin MSP23 by dietary butylated hydroxyanisole. (8/170)

Feeding mice with 2(3)-t-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (BHA) induces phase II detoxifying enzymes that inhibit the action of carcinogens. We have found that dietary BHA induces intestinal and hepatic MSP23 (also called peroxiredoxin I), a stress-inducible antioxidant, in a manner similar to the induction of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs). The levels of MSP23 in the proximal intestine and liver, estimated by immunoblotting, increased approximately 1.9- and 1.3-fold, respectively, in mice fed a diet containing 0.7% (w/w) BHA for 7 days. The level of MSP23 mRNA in these tissues also increased more than 2-fold after mice were fed BHA, suggesting that the induction of MSP23 is controlled at the transcription level. Immunostaining of the small intestine shows that MSP23 is expressed mainly in the columnar epithelial cells. The induction of MSP23 may be important to protect the cells and tissues against toxic electrophiles and reactive oxygen species.  (+info)

Butylated hydroxyanisole was tested for carcinogenicity in two experiments in rats and in two experiments in hamsters by administration in the diet, inducing benign and malignant tumours of the forestomach.. Butylated hydroxyanisole was studied in mice and rats for its ability to modify the carcinogenicity of selected chemical agents. When administered with known carcinogens, butylated hydroxyanisole either enhanced, inhibited or had no effect on carcinogenicity.. Butylated hydroxyanisole administered to rats at maternally toxic and occasionally lethal doses during, or before, during and after, gestation induced slight embryotoxicity but no definite indication of teratogenicity. No effect was seen in rabbits, pigs or rhesus monkeys.. In rats, feeding of butylated hydroxyanisole in the diet caused superficial necrosis, ulceration and hyperplasia of the squamous epithelium of the forestomach. Induction of forestomach hyperplasia also occurs in hamsters. Administration of butylated hydroxyanisole ...
Butylated Hydroxyanisole/Butylated Hydroxytoluene is a chemical preservative that is added to oils that are used in dog foods and treats. BHA is a combination of isomers 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and 2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and BHT is a mixture of 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxytoluene; methyl-di-tert-butylphenol; and 2,6-di-tert-butyl-para-cresol.. The ingredient is derived from natural preservatives that are found in all dry dog food. Its added to commercial products to extend the shelf life of the product by up to a year, and is one of the more inexpensive preservatives available. The FDA states that it can be used safely to preserve the fats and oils that are added to the pet food and to prevent them from spoiling or becoming oxidized. Its also easy for dogs to digest, but is known as a possible carcinogen by the State of California. BHA/BHT is commonly used in cosmetics, petroleum, embalming fluids and pesticides. Although its deemed to be safe to use, studies have shown that the ...
Summary The Global Butyl Hydroxyanisole Industry 2017 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Butyl Hydroxy
Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) is a commonly used food additive with demonstrated inhibitory action against chemical carcinogenesis in animals. In order to elucidate the mechanism of the anticarcinogenic action, the effects of BHA on benzo(a)pyrene (BP) metabolism were studied with lung microsomes from female mice. BHA treatment (0.5% in the diet for 7 days) inhibited BP metabolism and altered the ratios among different metabolites as analyzed by high-performance liquid chromatography. The treatment reduced the metabolic formation of 9,10-dihydroxy-9,10-dihydrobenzo(a)pyrene, but not the production of 3-hydroxybenzo(a)pyrene and trans-4,5-dihydroxy-4,5-dihydrobenzo(a)pyrene. Since the gross microsomal cytochrome P-450 content was not significantly affected by the treatment, the change of regioselectivity in BP metabolism was probably due to the alteration of cytochrome P-450 isozyme composition by dietary BHA. General and regioselective inhibition of BP metabolism was also observed when BHA was ...
Monosodium glutamate (MSG, also known as sodium glutamate) is the sodium salt of glutamic acid, one of the most abundant naturally-occurring non-essential amino acids. from Wikipedia. **BHT (Butylated Hydroxytulene) and BHA (Butylated Hydroxyanisole) are both chemically made preservatives, used in products containing fats and oils, to prevent the product from becoming rancid. The acronym BHA or BHT or even both on the same label. They are preservatives commonly found in foods. What kinds of food? You name it: cereals, gum, fast food, processed potatoes, drink mixes, shortening, snack foods, and so on. from The Huffington Post and Healthy Grocery Girl. ***Hydrogenation, complete or partial, is a chemical process in which hydrogen is added to liquid oils to turn them into a solid form. Partially hydrogenated fat molecules have trans fats, and they may be the worst type of fat you can consume. from Smart Balance. Papa Johns has NO trans fats, no MSG, no BHA or BHT, no fillers in its meat toppings ...
1-tert-butyl-4-propan-2-yl-5-(trifluoromethyl)imidazole chemical properties, What are the chemical properties of 1-tert-butyl-4-propan-2-yl-5-(trifluoromethyl)imidazole 129247-52-5, What are the physical properties of 1-tert-butyl-4-propan-2-yl-5-(trifluoromethyl)imidazole ect.
Among the animal segment, the feed antioxidants market was dominated by poultry in 2018. In poultry production, one of the major factors for feed is the cost, hence reducing feed costs per bird is a priority. Poultry production has to be efficient as feed has to be converted into meat and eggs. Feed costs can be reduced by adding feed additives such as enzymes and antioxidants, which increase digestibility and prevent the loss of nutrients, with the result that the poultry gains more nutritional value from the same amount of feed. Companies such as Cargill, Koninklijke DSM N.V., and Kemin provide feed antioxidants such as carotenoids, tocopherols, synthetic antioxidants and citric acid, BHT, butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), and tocopheryl acetate for the poultry industry. BHT, BHA, and ethoxyquin are the most commonly used feed antioxidants for poultry.. Download PDF Brochure: https://www.marketsandmarkets.com/pdfdownloadNew.asp?id=138013648. The dry form dominated the feed antioxidants market in ...
U. K. VET CHEM - Exporter, Manufacturer, Supplier, Trading Company of Pharma And Veterinary Chemicals Ciprofloxacin,Citric Acid,Inositol,Iodine,Calcium Lactate,Furazolidone,Dried Yeast,Bio Yucca,Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA), India
2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethan-1-ol 2-[2-(2-hydroxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethan-1-ol 2-methoxyethan-1-ol 3,6,9,12,15,18,21-heptaoxatricosane-1,23-diol 3,6,9,12,15-pentaoxaheptadecane-1,17-diol 3,6,9,12-tetraoxatetradecane-1,14-diol bis(ethane-1,2-diol) 14-({3-[3-(2H-1,2,3-benzotriazol-2-yl)-5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl]propanoyl}oxy)-3,6,9,12-tetraoxatetradecan-1-yl 3-[3-(2H-1,2,3-benzotriazol-2-yl)-5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl]propanoate 14-hydroxy-3,6,9,12-tetraoxatetradecan-1-yl 3-[3-(2H-1,2,3-benzotriazol-2-yl)-5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl]propanoate tris(17-({3-[3-(2H-1,2,3-benzotriazol-2-yl)-5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl]propanoyl}oxy)-3,6,9,12,15-pentaoxaheptadecan-1-yl 3-[3-(2H-1,2,3-benzotriazol-2-yl)-5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl]propanoate) tris(17-hydroxy-3,6,9,12,15-pentaoxaheptadecan-1-yl 3-[3-(2H-1,2,3-benzotriazol-2-yl)-5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl]propanoate) 2-({3-[3-(2H-1,2,3-benzotriazol-2-yl)-5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl]propanoyl}oxy)ethyl ...
The report generally describes 2-tert-butyl-4-(α-carbethoxytridecyloxy)-phenol, examines its uses, production methods, patents. 2-tert-Butyl-4-(α-carbethoxytridecyloxy)-phenol
Read about the chemical and physical properties of 8-tert-Butyl-5,6-dimethyl-8H-pyrrolo[3,2-e][1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine. Get 8-tert-Butyl-5,6-dimethyl-8H-pyrrolo[3,2-e][1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine molecular formula, CAS number, boiling point, melting point, applications, synonyms and more here.
CAS 2409-55-4 p-Cresol, 2-tert-butyl- * 2-t-Butyl-p-cresol * o-tert-Butyl-p-cresol * 2-terc.Butyl-p-kresol * 2-t-Butyl-4-methylphenol * 2-(1,1-Dimethylethyl)-4-methylphenol * 4-Methyl-2-t-butylphenol * 4-Methyl-6-t-butylphenol * Phenol, 2-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-4-methyl- msds toxicity property
2-tert-butyl-6-(2-phenylpropan-2-yl)phenol | C19H24O | CID 577322 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
4-Tert-butyl-2-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-6-(prop-2-en-1-yl)phenol | C16H25NO | CID 223627 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities, safety/hazards/toxicity information, supplier lists, and more.
4-tert-butyl-3-methyl-phenol - Buyers Guide for Chemicals is a directory of chemicals, chemical suppliers and producers. More than 140,000 products, 270,000 supply sources and 4,400 company addresses. Search for free and find new suppliers for chemical products, pharmaceuticals and APIs.
Pesticide properties for N-((8-tert-butyl-1,4-dioxaspiro(4.5)dec-2-yl)methyl)propan-1-amine, including approvals, environmental fate, eco-toxicity and human health issues
Learn more about tert-butyl-4-5-bromo-1h-indol-3-yl-3-6-dihydro-1-2h-pyridinecarboxylate. We enable science by offering product choice, services, process excellence and our people make it happen.
Learn more about tert-butyl-4-pyrimidin-2-yloxy-piperidine-1-carboxylate. We enable science by offering product choice, services, process excellence and our people make it happen.
2-tert-Butyl-7-fluoro-5-nitro-1H-indole/ACM952664947 can be provided in Alfa Chemistry. We are dedicated to provide our customers the best products and services.
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2-(1-tert-butyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)acetic acid; CAS Number: 1784925-12-7; find Enamine-ENAH03A0E8B0 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, technical documents, similar products & more at Sigma-Aldrich
2-tert-Butyl-1H-imidazole. CAS Number: 36947-69-0. Catalog Number: AA003HUZ. MDL Number: MFCD16618480. Molecular Formula: C7H12N2. Molecular Weight: 124.1836. AA Blocks.
chemBlink provides information about CAS # 152828-25-6, 2-(4-Aminophenyl)-6-tert-butyl-1H-pyrazolo[1,5-b][1,2,4]triazole, molecular formula: C12H11N5.
The CSV is a delimited data format that has fields/columns separated by the semicolon character and records/rows separated by newlines. Fields that may contain a special character (semicolon, newline, or double quote), are enclosed in double quotes. For an easier handling, the list of Pre-registered substances is available in four parts ordered by EC number. They contain the same information as the following full list.. ...
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Recently, copper has been shown to be capable of mediating the activation of several xenobiotics producing reactive oxygen and other radicals. Since copper exists in the nucleus and is closely associated with chromosomes and DNA bases, in this study we have investigated whether the activation of 1,4-hydroquinone (1,4-HQ) and a variety of other phenolic compounds by copper can induce strand breaks in double-stranded φX-174 RF I DNA (φX-174 relaxed form I DNA). In the presence of micromolar concentrations of Cu(II), DNA strand breaks were induced by 1,4-HQ and other phenolic compounds including 4,4′-biphenol, catechol, 1,2,4-benzenetriol, 2-methoxyestradiol, 2-hydroxyestradiol, diethylstilbestrol, butylated hydroxytoluene, butylated hydroxyanisole, tert-butylhydroquinone, ferulic acid, caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, eugenol, 2-acetamidophenol, and acetaminophen. Structure-activity analysis shows that in the presence of Cu(II), the DNA cleaving activity for phenolic compounds with a ...
Rocaltrol (calcitriol) is a synthetic vitamin D analog which is active in the regulation of the absorption of calcium from the gastrointestinal tract and its utilization in the body. All dosage forms contain butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) as antioxidants. The capsules contain a fractionated triglyceride of coconut oil, and the oral solution contains a fractionated triglyceride of palm seed oil. Gelatin capsule shells contain glycerin, parabens (methyl and propyl) and sorbitol. The two known sites of action of calcitriol are intestine and bone. A calcitriol receptor-binding protein appears to exist in the mucosa of human intestine. Additional evidence suggests that calcitriol may also act on the kidney and the parathyroid glands. Calcitriol is the most active known form of vitamin D3 in stimulating intestinal calcium transport. In acutely uremic rats calcitriol has been shown to stimulate intestinal calcium absorption. The kidneys of uremic patients cannot ...
Rocaltrol (calcitriol) is a synthetic vitamin D analog which is active in the regulation of the absorption of calcium from the gastrointestinal tract and its utilization in the body. All dosage forms contain butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) as antioxidants. The capsules contain a fractionated triglyceride of coconut oil, and the oral solution contains a fractionated triglyceride of palm seed oil. Gelatin capsule shells contain glycerin, parabens (methyl and propyl) and sorbitol. The two known sites of action of calcitriol are intestine and bone. A calcitriol receptor-binding protein appears to exist in the mucosa of human intestine. Additional evidence suggests that calcitriol may also act on the kidney and the parathyroid glands. Calcitriol is the most active known form of vitamin D3 in stimulating intestinal calcium transport. In acutely uremic rats calcitriol has been shown to stimulate intestinal calcium absorption. The kidneys of uremic patients cannot ...
Personal care compositions comprising at least one chronic skin care active selected from the group consisting of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), hexamidine, hexyl isobutyrate, menthyl anthranilate, methofuran, 3-butylidenepthalide, cetyl pyridinium chloride, green tea extract, catechins, phytosterols, ursolic acid, and plant extract compounds; at least one acute skin care active selected from the group consisting of particulate materials (including particles, pigments, and cross-linked silicone elastomers), panthenol, pantothenic acid derivatives, and tanning actives; and a dermatologically acceptable carrier. The composition can also comprise the cationic thickener, Polyquaternium 37. The present invention also relates to methods of using such compositions to regulate hair growth and the condition of mammalian skin. Said methods generally comprise the step of topically applying the composition to the skin of a mammal needing such treatment, a safe and effective amount
p-tert-Butylcatechol is used as an antioxidant, stabilizer, and polymerization inhibitor for styrene, butadiene, neoprene, and other olefins and reactive monomers. p-tert-Butylcatechol was nominated by the National Cancer Institute and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for testing based on reports of its increasing levels of production and use and to compare the toxicity of p-tert-butylcatechol with that of similar antioxidants, butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene, which are added to food. Male and female F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice were exposed to p-tert-butylcatechol (greater than 99% pure) in feed for 15 days or 14 weeks. Genetic toxicology studies were conducted in Salmonella typhimurium, rat bone marrow cells, and mouse peripheral blood erythrocytes.. In the 15-day studies, groups of five male and five female rats and mice were fed diets containing 0, 3,125, 6,250, 12,500, 25,000, or 50,000 ppm p-tert-butylcatechol (equivalent to average daily doses of approximately ...
5-[5-tert-butyl-2-[(3-methylphenyl)methyl]pyrazol-3-yl]-3H-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-thione chemical properties, What are the chemical properties of 5-[5-tert-butyl-2-[(3-methylphenyl)methyl]pyrazol-3-yl]-3H-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-thione 306937-16-6, What are the physical properties of 5-[5-tert-butyl-2-[(3-methylphenyl)methyl]pyrazol-3-yl]-3H-1,3,4-oxadiazole-2-thione ect.
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Established Fa32 cells, derived from a rat hepatoma, were investigated for their glutathione S-transferase (GST) induction capacity, which is an important characteristic of the detoxification capacity in normal liver. The cells were exposed to inducers of drug metabolism for 3 days in complete medium (containing 10% fetal calf serum). Neither dimethyl sulphoxide nor dimethyl formamide could be used as a vehicle to transport the inducers into the cells, because they also interacted with GST. Phenobarbital, butylated hydroxyanisole, allyl isothiocyanate and dimethyl fumarate (but not fumaric acid) all effectively increased the total specific GST activity. None of the test chemicals produced a very pronounced induction of specific GST subunits, but subunit 2 and subunit 8 were increased more than the others. The effects of inducers of drug metabolism on the GST activity in Fa32 cells are comparable with those in rat liver. These cells can therefore be used as a valuable alternative model for ...
Antibacterial activity of aqueous and solvent extracts of Euphorbia cotinifolia leaves was tested against some human pathogenic bacteria, viz. Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus cereus, Salmonella typhi, Enterobacter aerogenes and Staphylococcus aureus by agar cup diffusion and broth microdilution methods. Antioxidant properties were evaluated for different solvent extracts by di(phenyl)-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl)iminoazanium (DPPH), nitric oxide (NO) and hydrogen peroxide methods and IC50 values were calculated and compared with the standard ascorbic acid and butylated hydroxyanisole. Among the aqueous and organic solvent extracts, methanol and ethyl acetate showed significant activity against B. subtilis and E. aerogenes, which recorded a maximum inhibition zone of 17.25 mm. Minimum inhibitory concentrations of methanol and ethyl acetate extracts for different bacteria ranged from 0.3-1.25 mg/mL. In DPPH method, IC50 values of chloroform, petroleum ether, ethyl ...
DESCRIPTION MONISTAT-DERM (miconazole nitrate 2%) Cream contains miconazole nitrate* 2%, formulated into a water-miscible base consisting of pegoxol 7 stearate, peglicol 5 oleate, mineral oil, benzoic acid, butylated hydroxyanisole and...
Recently Eon Market Research published another report - Global Phenolic Antioxidant Market Development 2020-2025 gives top-down research on the scope of the present and future marketplace and the layout of the product specification the progress, key kind of product and the evaluation of production deliberating the principle key factors, consisting of Gross, Income, Cost, Margin, and the price evaluation is studied in Phenolic Antioxidant market report.. This repository of market intelligence presents readers with a comprehensive assessment of the global Phenolic Antioxidant market. Everything of the global Phenolic Antioxidant market is evaluated in the element in the report to provide a 360-degree assessment of the functioning of the market for interested parties. The past, present, and destiny increase trajectory of the Phenolic Antioxidant industry is evaluated in the file, with a detailed analysis of the historical trajectory of the market that offers a solid database for dependable ...
Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) Market Size By Application (Food, Animal feed [Poultry, Swine, Fish Feed, Cattle], Lubricating & Specialty Oils, Rubber, Personal Care & Cosmetics, Industrial - Market research report and industry analysis - 12393998
butilidrossitoluene (it); Hydroxytoluène butylé (fr); دی‌بوتیل هیدروکسی تولوئن (azb); Butylhydroxytoluol (de); BHT (pt); بوتیل‌هیدروکسی‌تولوئن (fa); 2,6-二叔丁基對甲酚 (zh); Ionol (sr); ジブチルヒドロキシトルエン (ja); Butil-hidroxitoluè (ca); Butylhydroxitoluen (sv); butylowany hydroksytoluen (pl); butylhydroksytoluen (nn); butylhydroxytolueen (nl); Butil-hidroxi-toluol (hu); Butilhidroxitolueno (es); Ionol (sh); Butyloitu hydroksitolueeni (fi); butylated hydroxytoluene (en); بوتيل هيدروكسي تولوين (ar); Butylhydroxytoluen (cs); ионол (ru) compuesto químico (es); konposatu kimiko (eu); compuestu químicu (ast); compost químic (ca); chemische Verbindung (de-ch); chemische Verbindung (de); komponim kimik (sq); ترکیب شیمیایی (fa); kemisk forbindelse (da); compus chimic (ro); syntetisk antioxidant (sv); תרכובת (he); compositum chemicum (la); kemiallinen yhdiste (fi); kemia kombinaĵo ...
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A P P L I C AT I O N N O T E Liquid Chromatography Author: Wilhad M. Reuter PerkinElmer, Inc. Shelton, CT Analysis of Phenolic Antioxidants in Edible Oil/Shortening Using the PerkinElmer Altus UPLC System with PDA Detection Introduction Phenolic antioxidants are commonly used in food to prevent the oxidation of oils. Oxidized oil and fats cause foul odor and rancidity in food products, which is a major cause for concern to the food industry. Globally, regulations vary, but current maximum allowable levels are as low as 100 µg/g (100 ppm). This application note presents a UHPLC method for the analysis of the ten most common phenolic antioxidants that may be found in such products. The application was carried out with minor modifications to the AOAC Official Method 983.15 (1). This method applies to the analysis of finished food products. A 2.7-μm SPP (superficially porous particle) C18 column was used, allowing one to achieve very high throughput at a back-pressure considerably lower than that ...
Emerging contaminants (ECs) are chemicals that are currently unregulated due to limited understanding of health effects and limited data regarding occurrence. Wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) receive many ECs as components of influent waste and the removal of organic contaminants, such as ECs, occurs primarily by sorption to sludge. Therefore, it is important to develop measures of sorption behavior by ECs to sludge. This study evaluates sorption of three ECs: 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (BHA) a synthetic antioxidant, 1,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,6,6,7,8,8-hexamethyl-cyclopenta(g)-2-benzopyrane (HHCB) a polycyclic musk, and chlorpyrifos a organophosphate insecticide.. Twenty-four hour laboratory-scale sorption experiments were conducted for each compound individually and then in combination, which allowed the quantification of sorption onto wastewater sludge and the affects of multiple compounds. ECs in both the liquid and solid phases were analyzed using a gas chromatograph with flame ionization ...
NOTE: Because of the lack of human studies, BHT should only be used experimentally and as a last resort in situations where other treatments have failed. BHT should not be used casually until further studies are conducted. An FDA-approved preservativ
Persistence Market Research delivers key insights on the global phenolic antioxidants market in its latest report titled Phenolic Antioxidants Market: Global Industry Analysis 2013 - 2017 and Forecast 2018 - 2026, which … Read More. ...
Global Market Study on Phenolic Antioxidants. Persistence Market Research (PMR) provides an exclusive analysis of the global phenolic antioxidants market in its revised report titled
A hollow, muscular, J-shaped pouch located in the upper part of the abdomen to the left of the midline. The upper end (fundus) is large and dome-shaped; the area just below the fundus is called the body of the stomach. The fundus and the body are often referred to as the cardiac portion of the stomach. The lower (pyloric) portion curves downward and to the right and includes the antrum and the pylorus. The function of the stomach is to begin digestion by physically breaking down food received from the esophagus. The tissues of the stomach wall are composed of three types of muscle fibers: circular, longitudinal and oblique. These fibers create structural elasticity and contractibility, both of which are needed for digestion. The stomach mucosa contains cells which secrete hydrochloric acid and this in turn activates the other gastric enzymes pepsin and rennin. To protect itself from being destroyed by its own enzymes, the stomachs mucous lining must constantly regenerate itself. ...
Mequinol (4-hydroxyanisole) is a drug that is used in combination with the drug tretinoin to treat age spots (solar lentigines), vitiglio and other discolorations.
Product name: Fragrance and Flavor Musk Xylol , Musk Xylene sale / CAS 81-15-2 Synonyms 2,4,6-Trinitro-1,3-dimethyl-5-tert-butylbenzene; 2,4,6-Trinitro-5-tert-butyl-1,3-xylene; 5-tert-Butyl-2,4,6-trinitro-m-xylene CAS No.: 81-15-2 EINECS: 201-329-4 Molecular formula: C12H15N3O6 Molecular weight: 297.27 Appearance: White crystalline powder Melting point: 112.5-114.5°C Assay :96%min ...
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice ...
Information on Registered Substances comes from registration dossiers which have been assigned a registration number. The assignment of a registration number does however not guarantee that the information in the dossier is correct or that the dossier is compliant with Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 (the REACH Regulation). This information has not been reviewed or verified by the Agency or any other authority. The content is subject to change without prior notice ...
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses its best efforts to deliver a high quality copy of the Database and to verify that the data contained therein have been selected on the basis of sound scientific judgment. However, NIST makes no warranties to that effect, and NIST shall not be liable for any damage that may result from errors or omissions in the Database ...
Use of this information is subject to copyright laws and may require the permission of the owner of the information, as described in the ECHA Legal Notice.. ...
Buy BHT online at Wholesale Nutrition. Sale price $22, Free priority mail shipping! Each capsule contains 250 mg of BHT (Butylated Hydroxytoluene).
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25OH VitD2 |5 25OH Vit D3 13 Prescribed 20,000 IU one a day for two weeks then one monthly for six months then re-test. Prescription of Fultium have gelatin in them, refined maize oil, butylated...
BHA is derived from salicyclic acid. Personally I dont recommend BHA in a cleanser because firstly, itll irritate your eyes if the clenaser get into them, and secondly, BHA is an active ingredient and it must be left on your skin to work. Before the ingredient bagins to work, it has been rinsed down into the sink. Why would anyone want to spend that kind of money ...
مقدمه: به دلیل فعالیت آنتیاکسیدانی شناخته شده ترکیبات گیاهی و مشتقات آن ها، افزودن آن ها به سامانه های غذایی بسیار مورد توجه واقع شده است. هدف از این پژوهش بررسی اثر آنتی اکسیدانی گیاه بیلهر و همچنین کاربرد عصاره اتانولی آن در میزان به تأخیراندازی اکسیداسیون روغن سویا می باشد. مواد و روش % بر راندمان استخراج، ترکیبات فنولیک و فلاونوئیدی، به دام اندازی رادیکال 96 ها: در ابتدا تأثیر دو حلال آب و اتانول و قدرت احیاء DPPH ) و 2000ppm و 1000 ،500 ،200( کنندگی آهن بررسی شد و در ادامه عصاره اتانولی در چهار سطح آنتی اکسیدان ) به روغن سویای بدون آنتی 200 ppm( در محدوده مجازشان TBHQ و BHA
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EINECSNumber : 202-075-7. Recommended Storage : Store at Room Temperature (15 to 30°C). Store Desiccated. Store under nitrogen.. ...
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POP, ANCA; KISS, BELA; LOGHIN, FELICIA (2013). "Endocrine disrupting effects of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA - E320)". Clujul ... Common reported side effects of the formula of Dutasteride including butylated hydrotoluene are sexual problems, breast ... and butylated hydroxytoluene. A few months may be required before benefits occur. It is also used for scalp hair loss in men ... notably butylated hydroxytoleuene, which is a known hormone axis disruptor, used in the formula for Avodart and Generic ...
... butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA, E320) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT, E321). The most common molecules attacked by oxidation ... Iverson F (June 1995). "Phenolic antioxidants: Health Protection Branch studies on butylated hydroxyanisole". Cancer Letters. ...
Antioxidants include butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). Other preservatives include ... such as butylated hydroxyanisole, butylated hydroxytoluene, tocopherols, hinokitiol, lysozyme, nisin, natamycin, chitosan, and ...
... butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), tocopherols, hinokitiol); antimicrobial enzymes (e.g. lysozyme ...
It can be combined with other preservatives such as butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA). As a food additive, its E number is E319. ... 1993). "Modification of carcinogenesis by -tocopherol, t-butylhydro-quinone, propyl gallate and butylated hydroxytoluene in a ...
It is a synergistic antioxidant with butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA). Octyl gallate at ...
For antioxidants added to food to preserve them, see butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene. In the following ...
Other methods include butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), Rancimat method (rancidification ... are the subject of research into the natural production of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), an antioxidant, food additive and ... The green alga Botryococcus braunii is the subject of research into the natural production of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), ... 8-16, INIST:21511068 Babu B.; Wu J. T. (December 2008). "Production of Natural Butylated Hydroxytoluene as an Antioxidant by ...
... butylated hydroxytoluene and butylated hydroxyanisole) in fish feed and commercially farmed fish". Food Addit Contam Part a ...
... and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) are produced by Friedel-Crafts alkylation of phenols with isobutylene. tert-Butylamine is ... Polymerization of isobutylene produces butyl rubber (polyisobutylene or PIB). Antioxidants such as butylated hydroxytoluene ( ...
... and glutathione transferases that act on 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide and their differential induction by butylated hydroxyanisole ...
Calcium propanoate Sodium benzoate Tricalcium phosphate Butylated hydroxyanisole "Cake flour" in particular is nearly always ...
... butylated hydroxyanisole, propyl gallate, citric acid, glycerin, and/ or propylene glycol. The specific inactive ingredients ...
Iverson F (1995). «Phenolic antioxidants: Health Protection Branch studies on butylated hydroxyanisole». Cancer Lett. 93 (1): ...
Synthetic antioxidants include butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), TBHQ, propyl gallate and ...
... butylated hydroxytoluene, butylated hydroxyanisole and alpha-tocopherol). Avrainvillea erecta was reported to have strong ...
Anethole Bromoanisole Butylated hydroxyanisole Ether Ethyl phenyl ether Phenol 2,4,6-Trichloroanisole (cork taint) Nomenclature ...
... butylated hydroxyanisole and ethoxyquin". Biochemical Society Transactions. 28 (2): 33-41. doi:10.1042/bst0280033. PMID ...
... to plum juice to industrial additives such as butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and propyl gallate ...
... propellant Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) - antioxidant (fat soluble) Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) - antioxidant (fat soluble ...
The molecular formula C11H16O2 (molar mass: 180.24354 g/mol, exact mass: 180.11503 u) may refer to: Butylated hydroxyanisole ...
... butylated hydroxyanisole, dodecyl gallate, tartrazine, or menthol, Examples of foods which may contain these substances include ...
... butylated hydroxyanisole, BHA (food preservative) dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (one of the breakdown products of DDT) ...
... butylated hydroxyanisole MeSH D02.355.601.250 - bis(chloromethyl) ether MeSH D02.355.601.400 - enflurane MeSH D02.355.601.536 ... butylated hydroxyanisole MeSH D02.755.075.536 - guaiacol MeSH D02.755.075.536.400 - guaifenesin MeSH D02.755.075.536.400.500 - ... butylated hydroxyanisole MeSH D02.355.726.453 - guaiacol MeSH D02.355.726.453.400 - guaifenesin MeSH D02.355.726.750 - ... butylated hydroxytoluene MeSH D02.755.239.327 - creosote MeSH D02.755.239.402 - cyclofenil MeSH D02.755.239.493 - ...
... holds the patent for improved process in synthesis of BHA Butylated hydroxyanisole from TBHQ tert- ... CFS has emerged as the largest producer of food antioxidants like TBHQ tert-Butylhydroquinone and BHA Butylated hydroxyanisole ...
... such as butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), tocopherols, hinokitiol, lysozyme, nisin, natamycin ...
... a component of a drilling rig Butylated hydroxyanisole, a food additive BHA (for "Butt-Head Astronomer"), a code-name for the ...
Iverson F (1995). "Phenolic antioxidants: Health Protection Branch studies on butylated hydroxyanisole". Cancer Lett. 93 (1): ...
... hepatocarcinogenicity of aflatoxin B1 in rats by low levels of the phenolic antioxidants butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated ... sometimes alongside butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA).[citation needed] Like many closely related phenol antioxidants, BHT has low ... "ICSC 0841 - BUTYLATED HYDROXYTOLUENE". www.inchem.org. March 1999. KEMI Anställd [KEMI Staff] (1994). "Teknisk beskrivning av ... Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), also known as dibutylhydroxytoluene, is a lipophilic organic compound, chemically a derivative ...
"Intake of Butylated Hydroxyanisole and Butylated Hydroxytoluene and Stomach Cancer Risk: Results from Analyses in the ... Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) is an antioxidant consisting of a mixture of two isomeric organic compounds, 2-tert-butyl-4- ... Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA), CAS No. 25013-16-5 Archived 2010-06-05 at the Wayback Machine, Report on Carcinogens, Eleventh ... hydroxyanisole and 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole. It is prepared from 4-methoxyphenol and isobutylene. It is a waxy solid used ...
Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) - antioksidan (yağda çözülür). *Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) - antioksidan (yağda çözülür) ...
butylated hydroxytoluene, butylated hydroxyanisole also used in food packaging E310-312 gallic acid and sodium gallate oxygen ...
... butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA, E320) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT, E321).[178][179] The most common molecules attacked by ... Iverson F (June 1995). "Phenolic antioxidants: Health Protection Branch studies on butylated hydroxyanisole". Cancer Letters. ...
Botterweck AAM, Vergaen H, GoldBohm RA, KleinJans J, van den Brant PA (2007). "Intake of Butylated Hydroxyanisole and Butylated ... a b Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA), CAS No. 25013-16-5, Report on Carcinogens, Eleventh Edition, National Institutes of Health ... "Synthesis and chemical carcinogen inhibitory activity of 2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole". J Med Chem. 22 (5): 569-71. PMID ...
Butylated hydroxyanisole. *Butylated hydroxytoluene. *2,6-Di-tert-butylphenol. *1,2-Diaminopropane ...
... butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) in Italy: a stepwise approach» Food and Chemical Toxicology ( ...
Other methods include butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), Rancimat method (rancidification ... butylated hydroxytoluene) - a fat-soluble antioxidant and food additive 4-Nonylphenol. a breakdown product of detergents and ... The green alga Botryococcus braunii is the subject of research into the natural production of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT),[ ... are the subject of research into the natural production of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT),[44] an antioxidant, food additive ...
Iverson F (1995). "Phenolic antioxidants: Health Protection Branch studies on butylated hydroxyanisole". Cancer Lett 93 (1): 49 ...
"Intake of Butylated Hydroxyanisole and Butylated Hydroxytoluene and Stomach Cancer Risk: Results from Analyses in the ... Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) is an antioxidant consisting of a mixture of two isomeric organic compounds, 2-tert-butyl-4- ... Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA), CAS No. 25013-16-5 Archived 2010-06-05 at the Wayback Machine, Report on Carcinogens, Eleventh ... hydroxyanisole and 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole. It is prepared from 4-methoxyphenol and isobutylene. It is a waxy solid used ...
Butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene are used extensively as food antioxidants. It is estimated that man ... Butylate Butylate Hydroxytoluene Enterohepatic Circulation Butylate Hydroxyanisole Liver Cholesterol These keywords were added ... Butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene are used extensively as food antioxidants. It is estimated that man ... At levels 500 times this level (50 mg/kg/day), both butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene appear to be free of ...
Butylated hydroxyanisole (WHO Food Additives Series 5) Butylated hydroxyanisole (WHO Food Additives Series 10) Butylated ... Reddy, B.S., Sharma, C., & Mathews, L. (1983b). Effect of butylated hydroxytoluene and butylated hydroxyanisole on the ... Lack of genotoxicity of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). Soc. Toxicol., 4, 10. Witschi, R.P ... BUTYLATED HYDROXYANISOLE (BHA) EXPLANATION This substance was evaluated for acceptable daily intake for man by the Joint FAO/ ...
See Also: Toxicological Abbreviations Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) (WHO Food Additives Series 15) Butylated hydroxyanisole ( ... butylated hydroxyanisole either enhanced, inhibited or had no effect on carcinogenicity.. Butylated hydroxyanisole administered ... tert-Butyl-para-hydroxyanisole * tert-Butyl-4-hydroxyanisole * 2(3)-tert-Butyl-4-hydroxyanisole * Embanox * Protex * Sustan 1F ... hydroxyanisole to humans. 5.4 Evaluation. There is sufficient evidence for the carcinogenicity of butylated hydroxyanisole to ...
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Effect of Butylated Hydroxyanisole Pretreatment on Aflatoxin B1-DNA Binding and Aflatoxin B1-Glutathione Conjugation in ... Effect of Butylated Hydroxyanisole Pretreatment on Aflatoxin B1-DNA Binding and Aflatoxin B1-Glutathione Conjugation in ... Effect of Butylated Hydroxyanisole Pretreatment on Aflatoxin B1-DNA Binding and Aflatoxin B1-Glutathione Conjugation in ... Effect of Butylated Hydroxyanisole Pretreatment on Aflatoxin B1-DNA Binding and Aflatoxin B1-Glutathione Conjugation in ...
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Butylated Hydroxyanisole. BHA is a key ingredient in many processed foods. It acts as a preservative. Like ascorbic acid, BHA ...
Butylated hydroxyanisole, or BHA, is a food preservative you can find both in your favorite breakfast food and in petroleum ...
Butylated Hydroxy Anisole IP / BP, Butylated Hydroxy Toluene IP/BP, Benzalkonium Chloride 50%/80%/Gel IP / BP/ USP and Diethyl ... Generic name : Butylated Hydroxy Anisole. Chemical Name : 2/3-tert-Butyl-4-hydroxyanisole ...
6. Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA) BHA is an antioxidant used as a preservative to prevent rancidity, which is the chemical ... Data on the potential carcinogenicity of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), a related compound, is inconclusive. Choose higher- ... Data on the potential carcinogenicity of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), a related compound, is inconclusive. Choose higher- ...
Park, S., Lee, J. Y., Lim, W., You, S., & Song, G. (2019). Correction to: Butylated Hydroxyanisole Exerts Neurotoxic Effects by ... Park, S, Lee, JY, Lim, W, You, S & Song, G 2019, Correction to: Butylated Hydroxyanisole Exerts Neurotoxic Effects by ... Correction to: Butylated Hydroxyanisole Exerts Neurotoxic Effects by Promoting Cytosolic Calcium Accumulation and Endoplasmic ... Correction to: Butylated Hydroxyanisole Exerts Neurotoxic Effects by Promoting Cytosolic Calcium Accumulation and Endoplasmic ...
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Butylated hydroxyanisole. 25013-16-5. It is used as a food additive (antioxidant). ...
Tissue-specific induction of murine glutathione transferase mRNAs by butylated hydroxyanisole. W. R. Pearson, J. Reinhart, S. C ... Tissue-specific induction of murine glutathione transferase mRNAs by butylated hydroxyanisole. / Pearson, W. R.; Reinhart, J.; ... Tissue-specific induction of murine glutathione transferase mRNAs by butylated hydroxyanisole. Journal of Biological Chemistry ... title = "Tissue-specific induction of murine glutathione transferase mRNAs by butylated hydroxyanisole", ...
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EFSA ANS (2011) Scientific opinion on the re-evaluation of butylated hydroxyanisole- BHA (E320) as a food additive. EFSA J 9, ... EFSA ANS (2012) Scientific opinion on the re-evaluation of butylated hydroxytoluene - BHT (E321) as a food additive. EFSA J 10 ...
Butylated hydroxyanisole. Butylated hydroxytoluene. Gum guaiac. Dilauryl thiodipropionate. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid. Propyl ... Aluminum butylate. Benzoic acid, for use as a component in epoxy resins for coatings not exceeding a coating weight of 4 ... b ) Adjunct for phenolic resins: Aluminum butylate. (vii) Polyester resins (including alkyd-type), as the basic polymers, ...
Butylated hydroxyanisole. Not to exceed antioxidant content of 0.1% when used alone or in any combination. ...
Butylated hydroxyanisole; BHA. Endocrine disruption; stomach cancer; kidney, adrenal and thyroid effects; reproductive system ...
Modifications of chronic hepatotoxicity of pyrrolizidine (Senecio) alkaloids by butylated hydroxyanisole and cysteine. ... Modifications of chronic hepatotoxicity of pyrrolizidine (Senecio) alkaloids by butylated hydroxyanisole and cysteine. / ... title = "Modifications of chronic hepatotoxicity of pyrrolizidine (Senecio) alkaloids by butylated hydroxyanisole and cysteine ... T1 - Modifications of chronic hepatotoxicity of pyrrolizidine (Senecio) alkaloids by butylated hydroxyanisole and cysteine ...
Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA). * Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). * Propyl gallate. * Theobromine. * Secret flavor ingredients ...
  • Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) is an antioxidant consisting of a mixture of two isomeric organic compounds, 2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole. (wikipedia.org)
  • Butylated Hydroxyanisole is an antioxidant consisting of a mixture of two isomers of tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole. (chemicalbook.com)
  • Butylated Hydroxyanisole is used in food preservation as it antioxidant properties pre vent food from becoming rancid. (chemicalbook.com)
  • Butylated hydroxyanisole exhibits antioxidant properties as a scavenger of free radicals. (chemicalbook.com)
  • Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), also known as butylhydroxytoluene, is a fat-soluble organic compound that is primarily used as an antioxidant food additive (E number E321) as well as an antioxidant additive in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, jet fuels, rubber, petroleum products, electrical transformer oil, and embalming fluid. (aashrayafoundation.org)
  • Butylated hydroxyanisole Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), also known as dibutylhydroxytoluene, is a lipophilic organic compound, chemically a derivative of phenol, that is useful for its antioxidant properties. (aashrayafoundation.org)
  • These cDNA clones and an oligonucleotide derived from the sequence of a rat class-pi cDNA clone were used to measure the induction of the mu, alpha, and pi classes of GT mRNA in different tissues of mice that were fed the dietary antioxidant 2(3)-tert-butyl hydroxyanisole (BHA). (elsevier.com)
  • Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA) was the majorly used synthetic antioxidant, accounting for over 13 kilo tons in 2014. (prnewswire.co.uk)
  • Butylated hydroxy anisole (BHA), or 2- tert -butyl-4-methoxyphenol, is a commonly used antioxidant. (angelo.edu)
  • BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) are antioxidant preservatives added to beauty products, as well as foods. (globalhealingcenter.com)
  • Sponsored Listing 99.5% Best Price Antioxidant BHT Butylated Hydroxytoluene(BHT) is a white crystalline solid with a faint characteristic odor. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • GM Williams, MJ Iatropoulos, J Whysner (1999) Safety assessment of butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene as antioxidant food additives. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Find details of companies offering butylated hydroxy toluene at best price. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Listed manufacturers, suppliers, dealers & exporters are offering best deals for butylated hydroxy toluene. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • These include butylated hydroxy anisole (BHA), butylated hydroxy toluene (BHT), and tocopherol. (encyclopedia.com)
  • BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) is a lab-made chemical that is added to foods as a preservative. (aashrayafoundation.org)
  • Butylated hydroxyanisole, or BHA, is a food preservative you can find both in your favorite breakfast food and in petroleum products. (thedailymeal.com)
  • Butylated hydroxyanisole is added as a preservative. (rxlist.com)
  • Both Nrf2 (−/−) and Nrf2 (+/+) mice were fed a control diet or one supplemented with either synthetic cancer chemopreventive agents [butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), ethoxyquin (EQ), or oltipraz] or phytochemicals [indole-3-carbinol, cafestol and kahweol palmitate, sulforaphane, coumarin (CMRN), or α-angelicalactone]. (aacrjournals.org)
  • We also compared the effects of BITC with two other well known chemopreventive agents - butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and sulforaphane. (nih.gov)
  • EFSA ANS (2011) Scientific opinion on the re-evaluation of butylated hydroxyanisole- BHA (E320) as a food additive. (springer.com)
  • The effect of 2(3)- tert -butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (BHA) pretreatment of rats on both aflatoxin B 1 (AFB 1 )-DNA binding and AFB 1 -glutathione has been examined with isolated hepatocytes and in intact rats. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Synthetic antioxidants are Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA), Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT), Propyl gallate and Tert-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ). (medgadget.com)
  • Sep 13, 2019· BHT Butylated hydroxytoluene manufacturers specifications. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • MSDS of BHT Butylated hydroxytoluene manufacturers. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene are used extensively as food antioxidants. (springer.com)
  • V isible-light photo-irradiation of the commercial phenolic antioxidants (PhAs) butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), in the presence of vitamin B 2 (riboflavin, Rf), in methanolic solutions and under aerobic conditions, results in the photo-oxidation of the PhAs. (aashrayafoundation.org)
  • Both carcinogenic and anticarcinogenic properties have been reported for the synthetic antioxidants butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). (aashrayafoundation.org)
  • These antioxidants include the naturally occurring tocopherols ( vitamin E derivatives) and the synthetic compounds butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), and tertiary butylhydroquinone (TBHQ). (britannica.com)
  • It was also observed that pretreatment with bio-antioxidants viz butylated hydroxyanisole (55 μmol/100 μl), quercetin (10 μmol/100 μl), or α-tocopherol (40 μmol/100 μl) resulted in decreases of ROS generation, arrest in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle, and apoptosis. (nih.gov)
  • Synthetic antioxidants such as butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) are common synthetic antioxidants used in food stabilization. (scielo.br)
  • Apart from BHA Butylated Hydroxyanisole and BHT Butylated Hydroxytoluene, we also offer TBHQ Tertiary Butylhydroquinone the main antioxidants for oils and fats. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • We offer BHA Butylated Hydroxyanisole, BHT Butylated Hydroxytoluene and TBHQ Tertiary Butylhydroquinone. (aashrayafoundation.org)
  • When fatty or oily foods are treated with BHA, or its chemical cousin BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene), the preservatives occupy the attention of attacking oxygen molecules in a process chemists. (aashrayafoundation.org)
  • BHA (butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (butylated hydroxytoluene) are widely used by the food industry as preservatives, mainly to prevent oils in foods from oxidizing and becoming rancid. (aashrayafoundation.org)
  • Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) are used as preservatives in a variety of personal care products. (safecosmetics.org)
  • Butylated hydroxyanisole was tested for carcinogenicity in two experiments in rats and in two experiments in hamsters by administration in the diet, inducing benign and malignant tumours of the forestomach. (inchem.org)
  • Butylated hydroxyanisole was studied in mice and rats for its ability to modify the carcinogenicity of selected chemical agents. (inchem.org)
  • Butylated hydroxyanisole administered to rats at maternally toxic and occasionally lethal doses during, or before, during and after, gestation induced slight embryotoxicity but no definite indication of teratogenicity. (inchem.org)
  • In rats, feeding of butylated hydroxyanisole in the diet caused superficial necrosis, ulceration and hyperplasia of the squamous epithelium of the forestomach. (inchem.org)
  • The chronic hepatotoxic effects of mixed pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) from the poisonous plant tansy ragwort (Senecio jacobaea) and the ability of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and cysteine to alter these hepatic effects were studied in male rats. (elsevier.com)
  • 6] Jeong SH et al, "Effects of butylated hydroxyanisole on the development and functions of reproductive system in rats," Toxicology, vol. 208, no. 1, pp. 49-62, 2005. (safecosmetics.org)
  • 7] Masui T et al, "Sequential changes of the forestomach of F344 rats, Syrian golden hamsters, and B6C3F1 mice treated with butylated hydroxyanisole," Japanese journal of cancer research, vol. 77, no. 11, pp. 1083-90, 1986. (safecosmetics.org)
  • Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) and sodium L-ascorbate are capable of promoting chemically-induced forestomach and bladder cancer in male rats. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) adversely and permanently effects weight gain in rats exposued in utero and via lactation. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) exhibits liver toxicity in rats. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) has been used to induce lung and liver toxicity in experiments with rats. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) is associated abnormal changes of the thyroid gland in rats. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) is associated hemorrhagic toxicosis in rats. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) is associated with behavioral and developmental effects in rats in utero and in the lactation period. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • A G i m b h ɁA uDose Response in Butylated Hydroxyanisole Induction of Forestomach Carcinogenesis in F344 rats. (geocities.jp)
  • Butylated Hydroxyanisole (BHA), CAS No. 25013-16-5 Archived 2010-06-05 at the Wayback Machine, Report on Carcinogens, Eleventh Edition, National Institutes of Health Botterweck AAM, Vergaen H, GoldBohm RA, KleinJans J, van den Brant PA (2007). (wikipedia.org)
  • When administered with known carcinogens, butylated hydroxyanisole either enhanced, inhibited or had no effect on carcinogenicity. (inchem.org)
  • When tested in combination with other chemicals (usually known mutagens or carcinogens), butylated hydroxyanisole often modified their DNA damaging, mutagenic and clastogenic activities. (inchem.org)
  • In most studies, butylated hydroxyanisole reduced the activity of indirectly-acting mutagens/carcinogens. (inchem.org)
  • The global butylated hydroxytoluene market has witnessed significant growth due to the expansion of cosmetics industry, as butylated hydroxytoluene is used as a stabilizer in cosmetics. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Specifications of Butylated hydroxyanisole: Butylated hydroxyanisole is a white to slightly yellow waxy flakes with characteristic odor. (aashrayafoundation.org)
  • It is typically supplied in a formulation composed of the active ingredient dissolved in a mixture of mono-di-glycerides of caprylic/capric acid, and butylated hydroxytoluene. (wikipedia.org)
  • b ) Adjunct for phenolic resins: Aluminum butylate. (fda.gov)
  • Enhancement of the peroxidase-mediated oxidation of butylated hydroxytoluene to a quinone methide by phenolic and amine compounds. (cdc.gov)
  • Long term chronic ingestion of butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene may be beneficial in sparing vitamin E and in modifying the acute toxicity of a number of mutagenic and carcinogenic chemicals. (springer.com)
  • However, at larger doses (500 mg/kg/day), both butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene result in certain pathological, enzyme, and lipid alterations in both rodents and monkeys, and butylated hydroxytoluene, in some cases, has been reported to have certain teratogenic and carcinogenic effects upon rodents. (springer.com)
  • Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) activates the lung carcinogenic effect of 3-methylcoholanthrene. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Inactive Ingredients: Butylated Hydroxyanisole, Magnesium Aluminum Silicate, White Petrolatum. (safeway.com)
  • Butylated hydroxyanisole degrades with prolonged exposure to sunlight. (chemicalbook.com)
  • Following a request from the European Commission, the Panel on Additives and Products or Substances used in Animal Feed (FEEDAP) was asked to deliver a scientific opinion on the safety of butylated hydroxy anisole (BHA) for all animal species. (europa.eu)
  • These alterations appear to differ markedly between rodents and monkeys, apparently as a result of differences which exist in the metabolism and excretion of butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene by these two species. (springer.com)
  • Administration of butylated hydroxyanisole by gavage to monkeys was associated with an elevated mitotic index in the squamous epithelium of the distal oesophagus. (inchem.org)
  • Butylated hydroxyanisole was not mutagenic to Salmonella typhimurium , Drosophila melanogaster or to Chinese hamster cells in vitro . (inchem.org)
  • We have recently demonstrated that butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) markedly stimulates the peroxidase-dependent oxidation of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) to the potentially toxic BHT-quinone methide. (cdc.gov)
  • EFSA ANS (2012) Scientific opinion on the re-evaluation of butylated hydroxytoluene - BHT (E321) as a food additive. (springer.com)
  • 8] Botterweck AA, "Intake of butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene and stomach cancer risk: results from analyses in the Netherlands Cohort Study," Food and chemical toxicology, vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 599-605, 2000. (safecosmetics.org)
  • Overall Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) is of higher concern in food. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • Correction to: Butylated Hydroxyanisole Exerts Neurotoxic Effects by Promoting Cytosolic Calcium Accumulation and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Astrocytes (J. Agric. (elsevier.com)
  • At levels 500 times this level (50 mg/kg/day), both butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene appear to be free of any obviously injurious effects. (springer.com)
  • Yet since the ban on the further usage of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) by the FAO in 1980, there have been several reports indicating that BHA and BHT might have both beneficial and detrimental effects. (aashrayafoundation.org)
  • Common reported side effects of the formula of Dutasteride including butylated hydrotoluene are sexual problems, breast tenderness, and breast enlargement. (wikipedia.org)
  • Butylated Hydroxyanisoleas is also used in animal feed, petroleum products, and cosmetics. (chemicalbook.com)
  • Butylated hydroxyanisole is incompatible with oxidizing agents and ferric salts. (chemicalbook.com)
  • We have gained top position in this province by offering our customers supreme quality Butylated Hydroxyanisole This chemical is processed under the strict guidance of adroit experts using excellent quality chemical compounds in adherence with set industry standards at vendor's unit. (chinaadditives.net)
  • Adler, P. N. / Tissue-specific induction of murine glutathione transferase mRNAs by butylated hydroxyanisole . (elsevier.com)
  • They'll be hidden under names like "Butylated HydroxyAnisole" or "natural flavoring. (sott.net)
  • Like butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), the conjugated aromatic ring of BHA is able to stabilize free radicals, sequestering them. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is sufficient evidence for the carcinogenicity of butylated hydroxyanisole to experimental animals. (inchem.org)
  • Approved by Dr. Becky Maes - Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) is bad for the human body because of its prevalence in everyday consumer goods. (steunmijnclub.nl)
  • However, in both animal species, the alterations appear to be physiological responses which are reversible upon removal of butylated hydroxyanisole and butylated hydroxytoluene from the diet. (springer.com)