The group of celestial bodies, including the EARTH, orbiting around and gravitationally bound by the sun. It includes eight planets, one minor planet, and 34 natural satellites, more than 1,000 observed comets, and thousands of lesser bodies known as MINOR PLANETS (asteroids) and METEOROIDS. (From Academic American Encyclopedia, 1983)
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis
Ultrabithorax function in butterfly wings and the evolution of insect wing patterns. (1/710)BACKGROUND: . The morphological and functional evolution of appendages has played a critical role in animal evolution, but the developmental genetic mechanisms underlying appendage diversity are not understood. Given that homologous appendage development is controlled by the same Hox gene in different organisms, and that Hox genes are transcription factors, diversity may evolve from changes in the regulation of Hox target genes. Two impediments to understanding the role of Hox genes in morphological evolution have been the limited number of organisms in which Hox gene function can be studied and the paucity of known Hox-regulated target genes. We have therefore analyzed a butterfly homeotic mutant 'Hindsight', in which portions of the ventral hindwing pattern are transformed to ventral forewing identity, and we have compared the regulation of target genes by the Ultrabithorax (Ubx) gene product in Lepidopteran and Dipteran hindwings. RESULTS: . We show that Ubx gene expression is lost from patches of cells in developing Hindsight hindwings, correlating with changes in wing pigmentation, color pattern elements, and scale morphology. We use this mutant to study how regulation of target genes by Ubx protein differs between species. We find that several Ubx-regulated genes in the Drosophila haltere are not repressed by Ubx in butterfly hindwings, but that Distal-less (Dll) expression is regulated by Ubx in a unique manner in butterflies. CONCLUSIONS: . The morphological diversification of insect hindwings has involved the acquisition of different sets of target genes by Ubx in different lineages. Changes in Hox-regulated target gene sets are, in general, likely to underlie the morphological divergence of homologous structures between animals. (+info)
Interaction of process partitions in phylogenetic analysis: an example from the swallowtail butterfly genus Papilio. (2/710)In this study, we explored how the concept of the process partition may be applied to phylogenetic analysis. Sequence data were gathered from 23 species and subspecies of the swallowtail butterfly genus Papilio, as well as from two outgroup species from the genera Eurytides and Pachliopta. Sequence data consisted of 1,010 bp of the nuclear protein-coding gene elongation factor-1 alpha (EF-1 alpha) as well as the entire sequences (a total of 2,211 bp) of the mitochondrial protein-coding genes cytochrome oxidase I and cytochrome oxidase II (COI and COII). In order to examine the interaction between the nuclear and mitochondrial partitions in a combined analysis, we used a method of visualizing branch support as a function of partition weight ratios. We demonstrated how this method may be used to diagnose error at different levels of a tree in a combined maximum-parsimony analysis. Further, we assessed patterns of evolution within and between subsets of the data by implementing a multipartition maximum-likelihood model to estimate evolutionary parameters for various putative process partitions. COI third positions have an estimated average substitution rate more than 15 times that of EF-1 alpha, while COII third positions have an estimated average substitution rate more than 22 times that of EF-1 alpha. Ultimately, we found that although the mitochondrial and nuclear data were not significantly incongruent, homoplasy in the fast-evolving mitochondrial data confounded the resolution of basal relationships in the combined unweighted parsimony analysis despite the fact that there was relatively strong support for the relationships in the nuclear data. We conclude that there may be shortcomings to the methods of "total evidence" and "conditional combination" because they may fail to detect or accommodate the type of confounding bias we found in our data. (+info)
Inbreeding of bottlenecked butterfly populations. Estimation using the likelihood of changes in marker allele frequencies. (3/710)Polymorphic enzyme and minisatellite loci were used to estimate the degree of inbreeding in experimentally bottlenecked populations of the butterfly, Bicyclus anynana (Satyridae), three generations after founding events of 2, 6, 20, or 300 individuals, each bottleneck size being replicated at least four times. Heterozygosity fell more than expected, though not significantly so, but this traditional measure of the degree of inbreeding did not make full use of the information from genetic markers. It proved more informative to estimate directly the probability distribution of a measure of inbreeding, sigma2, the variance in the number of descendants left per gene. In all bottlenecked lines, sigma2 was significantly larger than in control lines (300 founders). We demonstrate that this excess inbreeding was brought about both by an increase in the variance of reproductive success of individuals, but also by another process. We argue that in bottlenecked lines linkage disequilibrium generated by the small number of haplotypes passing through the bottleneck resulted in hitchhiking of particular marker alleles with those haplotypes favored by selection. In control lines, linkage disequilibrium was minimal. Our result, indicating more inbreeding than expected from demographic parameters, contrasts with the findings of previous (Drosophila) experiments in which the decline in observed heterozygosity was slower than expected and attributed to associative overdominance. The different outcomes may both be explained as a consequence of linkage disequilibrium under different regimes of inbreeding. The likelihood-based method to estimate inbreeding should be of wide applicability. It was, for example, able to resolve small differences in sigma2 among replicate lines within bottleneck-size treatments, which could be related to the observed variation in reproductive viability. (+info)
An ultraviolet absorbing pigment causes a narrow-band violet receptor and a single-peaked green receptor in the eye of the butterfly Papilio. (4/710)The distal photoreceptors in the tiered retina of Papilio exhibit different spectral sensitivities. There are at least two types of short-wavelength sensitive receptors: an ultraviolet receptor with a normal spectral shape and a violet receptor with a very narrow spectral bandwidth. Furthermore, a blue receptor, a double-peaked green receptor and a single-peaked green receptor exist. The violet receptor and single-peaked green receptor are only found in ommatidia that fluoresce under ultraviolet illumination. About 28% of the ommatidia in the ventral half of the retina exhibit the UV-induced fluorescence. The fluorescence originates from an ultraviolet-absorbing pigment, located in the most distal 70 microns of the ommatidium, that acts as an absorption filter, both for a UV visual pigment, causing the narrow spectral sensitivity of the violet receptor, and for a green visual pigment, causing a single-peaked green receptor. (+info)
Molecular cloning of an apoptosis-inducing protein, pierisin, from cabbage butterfly: possible involvement of ADP-ribosylation in its activity. (5/710)We have previously reported that the cabbage butterfly, Pieris rapae, contains a 98-kDa protein, named pierisin, that induces apoptosis in a variety of human cancer cell lines. In the present study, sequencing and cloning of a cDNA encoding pierisin was accomplished. PCR-direct sequencing showed that the gene encodes an 850-amino acid protein with a calculated molecular weight of 98,081. An intact clone at the amino acid level encompassing the entire coding region was obtained by recombination of two independent clones, and the molecular mass of its in vitro expressed protein was about 100 kDa on SDS/PAGE, the same as that of purified native pierisin. The expressed protein induced apoptosis in human gastric carcinoma TMK-1 and cervical carcinoma HeLa cells, like the native protein, indicating functional activity. The deduced amino acid sequence of pierisin showed 32% homology with a 100-kDa mosquitocidal toxin from Bacillus sphaericus SSII-1. In addition, pierisin showed regional sequence similarities with ADP-ribosylating toxins, such as the A subunit of cholera toxin. A glutamic acid residue at the putative NAD-binding site, conserved in all ADP-ribosylating toxins, was also found in pierisin. Substitution of another amino acid for glutamic acid 165 resulted in a great decrease in cytotoxicity and induction of apoptosis. Moreover, inhibitors of ADP-ribosylating enzymes reduced pierisin-induced apoptosis. These results suggest that the apoptosis-inducing protein pierisin might possess ADP-ribosylation activity that leads to apoptosis of the cells. (+info)
Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus L.) use a magnetic compass for navigation. (6/710)Fall migratory monarch butterflies, tested for their directional responses to magnetic cues under three conditions, amagnetic, normal, and reversed magnetic fields, showed three distinct patterns. In the absence of a magnetic field, monarchs lacked directionality as a group. In the normal magnetic field, monarchs oriented to the southwest with a group pattern typical for migrants. When the horizontal component of the magnetic field was reversed, the butterflies oriented to the northeast. In contrast, nonmigratory monarchs lacked directionality in the normal magnetic field. The results are a direct demonstration of magnetic compass orientation in migratory insects. (+info)
Ectopic gene expression and homeotic transformations in arthropods using recombinant Sindbis viruses. (7/710)BACKGROUND: The morphological diversity of arthropods makes them attractive subjects for studying the evolution of developmental mechanisms. Comparative analyses suggest that arthropod diversity has arisen largely as a result of changes in expression patterns of genes that control development. Direct analysis of how a particular gene functions in a given species during development is hindered by the lack of broadly applicable techniques for manipulating gene expression. RESULTS: We report that the Arbovirus Sindbis can be used to deliver high levels of gene expression in vivo in a number of non-host arthropod species without causing cytopathic effects in infected cells or impairing development. Using recombinant Sindbis virus, we investigated the function of the homeotic gene Ultrabithorax in the development of butterfly wings and beetle embryos. Ectopic Ultrabithorax expression in butterfly forewing imaginal discs was sufficient to cause the transformation of characteristic forewing properties in the adult, including scale morphology and pigmentation, to those of the hindwing. Expression of Ultrabithorax in beetle embryos outside of its endogenous expression domain affected normal development of the body wall cuticle and appendages. CONCLUSIONS: The homeotic genes have long been thought to play an important role in the diversification of arthropod appendages. Using recombinant Sindbis virus, we were able to investigate homeotic gene function in non-model arthropod species. We found that Ultrabithorax is sufficient to confer hindwing identity in butterflies and alter normal development of anterior structures in beetles. Recombinant Sindbis virus has broad potential as a tool for analyzing how the function of developmental genes has changed during the diversification of arthropods. (+info)
Sex-ratio-distorting Wolbachia causes sex-role reversal in its butterfly host. (8/710)Sex-role-reversed mating systems in which females compete for males and males may be choosy are usually associated with males investing more than females in offspring. We report that sex-role reversal may also be caused by selfish genetic elements which distort the sex ratio towards females. Some populations of the butterflies Acraea encedon and Acraea encedana are extremely female biased because over 90% of females are infected with a Wolbachia bacterium that is maternally inherited and kills male embryos. Many females in these populations are virgins suggesting that their reproductive success may be limited by access to males. These females form lekking swarms at landmarks in which females exhibit behaviours which we interpret as functioning to solicit matings from males. The hypothesis that female A. encedon swarm in order to mate is supported by the finding that, in release recapture experiments, mated females tend to leave the swarm while unmated females remained. This behaviour is a sex-role-reversed form of a common mating system in insects in which males form lekking swarms at landmarks and compete for females. Female lekking swarms are absent from less female-biased populations and here the butterflies are instead associated with resources in the form of the larval food plant. (+info)
Butterflies are flying insects. Butterflies may also refer to: Butterflies (1993 film), an Indian Malayalam film Butterflies ( ... 2018 Butterflies (Bump of Chicken album), 2016 "Butterflies" (3+2 song), 2010 "Butterflies" (AJ Tracey song), 2018 "Butterflies ... "Butterflies", by 24kGoldn from the 2021 album El Dorado "Butterflies", by Baker Boy from the 2021 album Gela "Butterflies", by ... "Butterflies", by Medina from the 2012 album Forever "Butterflies", by Minipop from the 2007 album A New Hope The Butterflies ( ...
"Butterflies, Flowers, Volume 8". Viz Media. Retrieved April 21, 2014. Aoki, Deb (June 24, 2010). "Butterflies, Flowers Volumes ... "Butterflies, Flowers, Volume 6". Viz Media. Retrieved April 21, 2014. "Butterflies, Flowers, Volume 7". Viz Media. Retrieved ... Beasi, Melinda (December 5, 2009). "Butterflies, Flowers, Volume 1". Manga Bookshelf. Retrieved November 12, 2016. Butterflies ... Butterflies, Flowers (Japanese: 蝶よ花よ, Hepburn: Chō yo Hana yo) is a manga series written and illustrated by Yuki Yoshihara, ...
... is an English-language Dutch drama film about the life of South-African Afrikaans poet and anti-apartheid ... "Black Butterflies". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved November 2, 2021. Official website (in Dutch)[dead link] Black ... Butterflies at IMDb (Articles needing additional references from May 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles ...
Butterflies reaches out directly to over 3,300 street and street connected children in Delhi and Uttarakhand. Butterflies is ... Vanitha Woman of the Year 2012 "Butterflies: About Us". Butterflies NGO. Retrieved 22 July 2016. "In India, Teaching and ... The Ramachandran - Ikeda Award 1999 was conferred on Panicker's organization Butterflies "Butterflies NGO". www. ... Thus was born Butterflies with the core value and belief that it must be a democratic organisation and children's voices have ...
Flowers & Butterflies
Butterflies -Season-2 (အပိုင္း-၂၇-၃)". Rxwab. "1.Flowers & Butterflies Season - 2 အပိုင္း (၅)". Rxwab. "5.Flowers & Butterflies ... Flowers & Butterflies is a Burmese romantic comedy-drama television series. Season 1 aired on Channel 7, from March 18 to June ... "2.Flowers & Butterflies Season - 2 အပိုင္း (၁၁)". Rxwab. v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches ...
"Dead Butterflies" has been described as an arena rock song. ABC.net.au/Double J described the song as still having the band's ... "Dead Butterflies" is a song by British metalcore band Architects. Produced by the band's drummer Dan Searle and lead guitarist ... The music video for "Dead Butterflies" was released on the same day. It was directed by Tom Welsh & Taylor Fawcett, featuring ... Trapp, Philip (20 January 2021). "Architects Drop 'Dead Butterflies,' an Anthemic New Song That Shows Their Growth". Loudwire. ...
The book also contains an addendum compiled by Pyle that lists butterflies described by VN and butterflies named after him. The ... Nabokov's Butterflies is a book edited and annotated by Brian Boyd and Robert Michael Pyle that examines and presents Vladimir ... Nabokov's Butterflies, edited by Brian Boyd and Robert Michael Pyle. Beacon Press, Boston, 2000. ISBN 0-8070-8540-5 (2000 non- ... The book contains a chapter by Boyd discussing the literary treatment of butterflies in VN's work labeled Nabokov, Literature, ...
In 1986, Ocean Butterflies was founded in Singapore as Ocean Butterflies Production Pte Ltd. In 1990, Ocean Butterflies ... Ocean Butterflies International comprises 5 major enterprises Ocean Butterflies Music: music label, artiste management, music ... Ocean Butterflies Music (Chinese: 海蝶音樂) is an independent Asian music and entertainment company specializing in Chinese-Pop (C- ... Billy Koh quit as chief executive officer of Ocean Butterflies 2014 to set up Amusic Rights Management, an international music ...
Bombs & Butterflies
... is the fifth studio album by the Athens, Georgia-based band Widespread Panic. The band started recording ...
Plague of Butterflies
... is the first EP by the melodic death metal/doom metal band Swallow the Sun. It was released on September ... The song, "Plague of Butterflies", runs about 35 minutes in length and is divided into three parts, the first being titled " ... "Losing the Sunsets," second being "Plague of Butterflies" and the last titled "Evael 10:00." The bonus tracks on this EP are ...
The Butterflies (play)
The Butterflies is an American play. It was featured on Broadway in 1894 and starred Maude Adams. Olive May was also in the ... "The Butterflies". Internet Broadway Database. The Broadway League. Retrieved October 2, 2013. Pearson's Magazine. Pearson ...
Wishes and Butterflies
"Wishes and Butterflies" was released on YouTube. "Wishes And Butterflies - Wurld". Last.fm. Retrieved 6 November 2019. Aderemi ... "Wishes and Butterflies" is a song by Nigerian American singer and songwriter WurlD. It was officially released on March 8, 2019 ... WurlD announced "Wishes and Butterflies" in the buildup for his second studio album, Love is Contagious (2019). In a press ... "WurlD - Wishes And Butterflies". Afrobeatnights. 17 March 2019. Retrieved 6 November 2019. (Articles with short description, ...
Evolution of butterflies
Butterfly evolution is the origin and diversification of butterflies through geologic time and over a large portion of the ... The butterflies form the clade Rhopalocera, which is composed of three superfamilies: Hedyloidea (the moth butterfly family ... Of the 220,000 species of Lepidoptera, about 45,000 species are butterflies, which probably evolved from moths. Butterflies are ... Even though butterflies are among the most studied insects, new findings are coming to light almost every month, and the ...
Butterflies (Basia album)
"BASIA Butterflies" (in Polish). audio.com.pl. Retrieved 2018-10-04. Przemo Urbaniak (2018-06-03). "Recenzja: Basia "Butterflies ... To compromise, Basia suggested Be.Pop Butterfly, but ultimately the title was changed to Butterflies. Two songs on the album ... which tells about the Butterfly Lovers from a Chinese legend. The lead single from Butterflies, "Matteo", premiered on 6 April ... Butterflies is the fifth studio album by Polish singer-songwriter Basia, released in 2018 by Shanachie Records. It is her first ...
Feeding Like Butterflies
Feeding Like a Butterfly, Edmonton Journal (24 July 1998). "Feeding Like Butterflies CD release", FFWD Weekly. Archived at the ... Feeding Like Butterflies was founded in the early 1990s by lead vocalist and songwriter Jason O. Johnson, who is also a Film/TV ... Feeding Like Butterflies last known live performance was as the headline act of the 2001 North Country Fair Festival. John In ... Feeding Like Butterflies' is a Canadian folk-rock/Celtic music group from Edmonton. Their songs have been featured on Dawson's ...
Butterflies (2009 film)
Article on Butterflies Documentary by Microfilmmaker Article on Butterflies documentary by Documentarytech Butterflies (Full ... Butterflies was the first feature-length film to explore the lives of viral video stars and one of the first indie films to be ... Butterflies is a 2009 documentary film directed by Czech filmmaker Ester Brymova. The film won the Alan J. Bailey Excellence ... Levine Soulsearcher Action on Film 2009 awards results Butterflies Documentary Movie on YouTube Video on YouTube Butterflies at ...
Burn the Butterflies
... is an Australian 1979 TV movie about a government dealing with the controversy around uranium mining. It ... Burn the Butterflies at AustLit Oral history of Cliff Green, Australian Writers Guild Archived 23 September 2015 at the Wayback ... Machine accessed 13 July 2013 Burn the Butterflies at IMDb v t e (Webarchive template wayback links, Use dmy dates from July ...
Butterflies Are Free
... at IMDb Butterflies Are Free at the TCM Movie Database Butterflies Are Free at the Internet Broadway ... The butterflies are free. Mankind will surely not deny to Harold Skimpole what it concedes to the butterflies." (From Dickens' ... "Film Reviews: Butterflies Are Free". Variety. July 5, 1972. 16. Canby, Vincent (July 7, 1972). "Screen: 'Butterflies Are Free' ... "Butterflies Are Free". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 24, 2019. "Butterflies Are Free (1972)". The New York Times. October 26 ...
Lies and Butterflies
"Lies And Butterflies" en juillet" [[Release] MYSTERY: New Album "Lies And Butterflies" in July]. Music Waves (in French). 10 ... Lies and Butterflies was released on July 14, 2018, the same day the band played in the Night of the Prog Festival in Germany. ... Lies and Butterflies is the seventh studio album by the Canadian rock band Mystery, released in July 2018 on Unicorn Digital. ... "The Butterfly Effect". Prog. Vol. 90. Future plc. p. 49. W., Julie. "Bad news". Retrieved 5 June 2018. "Mystery: Lies and ...
Butterflies and Elvis
"Album , Butterflies and Elvis , Yohanna". eMusic. 2009-05-13. Retrieved 2012-01-10. Butterflies and Elvis album chart ( ... Butterflies and Elvis is the debut studio album by Icelandic singer Yohanna, released by Warner Music in Sweden and still being ... "Butterflies and Elvis" album track listing". Megastore. Archived from the original on 19 April 2012. Retrieved 23 February 2017 ... "Butterflies and Elvis" (Lee Horrocks, Johanna Gudrun Jonsdottir) - 4:49 "Funny Thing Is" (Lee Horrocks, Johanna Gudrun ...
Butterflies (2018 film)
Butterflies at IMDb v t e v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Use dmy dates ... Butterflies (Turkish: Kelebekler) is a 2018 Turkish drama film directed by Tolga Karaçelik. It was screened in the World Cinema ...
Butterflies Go Free
... (French: Papillons en liberté) is an annual exhibit at the Jardin Botanique de Montreal, featuring ... The insects are purchased in caterpillar and egg form from sustainable butterfly farms. The exhibit, which was first shown in ... Press release (in French) Official site Official website List of species present in Butterflies Go Free Wikimedia Commons has ... Butterfly houses, Articles containing video clips, Spring (season) events in Canada, All stub articles, Montreal stubs). ...
Butterflies (1993 film)
Butterflies is a 1993 Indian Malayalam-language comedy-drama film directed by Rajiv Anchal and written by A. K. Sajan. It was ... Butterflies at IMDb (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Use dmy dates from November 2015, Use ... The car race scenes shot for Australia was later used in the opening titles of Butterflies (in the song "Minnaminni Koodum ... Aishwarya had worked in Priyadarshan's Gardish, the same crew was working in Butterflies and Aishwarya was also invited for the ...
Butterflies and Hurricanes
"Butterflies and Hurricanes" (Glastonbury 2004) "Butterflies and Hurricanes" - 4:48 "Butterflies and Hurricanes video" - 4:48 " ... "Muse - Butterflies & Hurricanes" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 20 August 2021. "Muse - Butterflies & Hurricanes ... "Butterflies and Hurricanes" is a song by English rock band Muse. It was released as the sixth and final single from their third ... The title and theme were mainly inspired by the butterfly effect of chaos theory. The theory describes how even the smallest of ...
Butterflies (TV series)
... at BBC Online Butterflies at BBC Online Comedy Guide Butterflies at IMDb Butterflies at the BFI's Screenonline Butterflies at ... The Butterflies theme song, "Love Is Like a Butterfly", is a 1974 single written and originally recorded by American country ... My butterfly didn't get squashed." Ria's husband Ben collects and studies butterflies. The show stars Wendy Craig as Ria ... All episodes of Butterflies are available on DVD in the UK, distributed by Acorn Media UK. Only the first two series are ...
Sleeps with Butterflies
"purchase "Sleeps With Butterflies" from the iTunes Music Store". Retrieved 2005-01-12. ""Sleeps With Butterflies" moves up to # ... "Sleeps with Butterflies" is a song written and recorded by Tori Amos. It served as the first single from her album The ... For the "Sleeps with Butterflies" video, Amos remains mostly stationary, standing, sitting, or lying down, and Kato's work was ... "Tori Performed 'Sleeps with Butterflies' on Late Show with David Letterman". The Dent. Retrieved 2005-02-18. "Tori performs on ...
Butterflies Are Free (play)
The butterflies are free. Mankind will surely not deny to Harold Skimpole what it concedes to the butterflies." After 12 ... Gershe, Leonard (1969). Butterflies are Free: A Comedy in Two Acts. Samuel French. ISBN 978-0-573-60644-1. "Butterflies Are ... Butterflies Are Free is a play by Leonard Gershe. Loosely based on the life of attorney Harold Krents, the plot revolves around ... "Butterflies Are Free": A Play With Two Strong Roles for Young Actors". ThoughtCo. Retrieved 3 December 2022. Barnes, Clive (22 ...
Butterflies (Kacey Musgraves song)
"Butterflies" won the Grammy Award for Best Country Solo Performance at the 61st annual awards ceremony in 2019. On Billboard's ... According to Musgraves, "Butterflies" was co-written with Shane McAnally; however, he was not credited as one its songwriters ... "Butterflies" is a song by American country singer-songwriter Kacey Musgraves from her fourth studio album, Golden Hour (2018). ... The music video for "Butterflies", like the clip for "Space Cowboy", was directed by Courtney Phillips and shot in Mexico City ...
Butterflies (Patti Page song)
"Butterflies" is a popular song, written by Bob Merrill and recorded by Patti Page in 1953. It was released by Mercury Records ...
The Butterflies of Zagorsk
... (1990) The Butterflies of Zagorsk (Use dmy dates from December 2012, Articles with short description ... The Butterflies of Zagorsk was a documentary produced by the BBC, narrated by Michael Dean, and first broadcast in the United ...
Learn more about the National Wildlife Federations Butterfly Heroes initiative and how were helping monarchs and other ... The National Wildlife Federations Butterfly Heroes™ program is bringing awareness to the declining monarch butterfly ... our guides will help you create a healthy habitat garden for monarch butterflies. ...
Breath and butterflies - Google interneta veikals
Panama butterflies cosy up to other species | New Scientist
Butterflies in Central America are providing evidence for inter-species breeding as an evolutionary force ... BUTTERFLIES in Central America are providing evidence for inter-species breeding as an evolutionary force. Contrary to existing ... set out to study the flow of genes between the two genetically and physically distinct butterfly species Heliconius cydno and H ...
Butterfly Senses - EnchantedLearning.com
Butterfly and Moth Senses: touch, sight, hearing, taste, and smell. ... ALL ABOUT BUTTERFLIES!. Butterfly Calendar. What is a Butterfly?. Life Cycle. Butterfly Anatomy. Information Sheets. Glossary. ... What is a Butterfly?. What is a Butterfly?. Butterfly or Moth?. Senses. Defense Mechanisms. Extremes: Biggest, Smallest, .... ... Butterfly Gardens. Butterfly and Moth Senses. Butterflies use their senses of sight, touch, hearing, smell, and taste to ...
15.3.4. Butterfly I C (BFIC) (Deprecated)
... The BFIC block implements the butterfly I functionality associated with the radix-22 ... Butterfly I C (BFIC) (Deprecated) 15.3.5. Butterfly II C (BFIIC) (Deprecated) 15.3.6. Choose Bits (ChooseBits) 15.3.7. ... 15.3.1. About Pruning and Twiddle for FFT Blocks 15.3.2. Bit Vector Combine (BitVectorCombine) 15.3.3. Butterfly Unit (BFU) ...
Butterflies - Gump's
Purple Cremation Urn With Antique Butterflies for Ashes - Etsy
My mother loved purple and black and butterflies have meaning to her and I. This urn was everything and more. Patrick contacted ... The beautiful purple/black marbled look goes well with the pewter butterflies. It is a nice, sturdy & heavy piece. Great ... Beautiful Purple Cremation urn with antique pewter Butterflies.. Adult cremation urn, hand made and very original. Made with ... Purple cremation urn with antique Butterflies for ashes, Zen,Healing,Cremate,Memorial, keepsake ...
New Monarch butterfly breeding pattern inspir | EurekAlert!
New Monarch butterfly breeding pattern inspires hope. Washington State University. Journal. Animal Migration. DOI. 10.1515/ami- ... A count of the Western Monarch butterfly population last winter saw a staggering drop in numbers, but there are hopeful signs ... James is continuing his long-running Monarch tagging program, in which the butterflies are raised and tagged by people in the ... New Monarch butterfly breeding pattern inspires hope Peer-Reviewed Publication Washington State University ...
Psychedelica of the Black Butterfly
Buy Psychedelica of Black Butterfly - Deluxe Bundle BUNDLE (?) Includes 2 items: Psychedelica of the Black Butterfly, ... Hunt the Black Butterflies. - Defeat the black butterflies with the help of your trusty sidearm to unlock special story ... Psychedelica of the Black Butterfly is an unforgettable adventure.. *Choose Your Destiny. - Follow the black butterflies as ... Follow the black butterflies as your choices unlock numerous story paths, a mansion full of fascinating characters, and a ...
Butterfly Conservation | American Museum of Natural History
Find out what threats are facing butterflies, and what we can do to help. ... Virtual Field Trip to the Butterfly Conservatory Butterfly Anatomy Butterfly Metamorphosis Butterfly Behavior Butterfly FAQ ... You can help butterflies by planting your own butterfly garden and giving butterflies a more opportunities to eat, rest, and ... What are the threats facing butterflies today?. Climate Change Is climate change a threat to butterflies? Yes. Changes in our ...
Bangkok Butterfly Garden and Insectarium
Butterfly Activity Book
Butterfly gardens can attract and conserve butterflies as habitat loss and pesticide use decrease their numbers. Learn all ... Threats to Butterflies Even in a butterfly garden, both caterpillars and butterflies will encounter their fair share of tough ... Bothersome Butterfly Bush?. Plants in the genus Buddleia, commonly known as butterfly bush, are popular choices in butterfly ... Because butterflies need warmth to function, it is essential that butterfly gardens receive lots of sun. Butterflies often bask ...
Grassland butterflies - population index (1990 = 100) - European Environment Agency
The latest The Butterfly Effect videos on Dailymotion
Butterfly Rain | Software | Design
Butterfly Rain Props. Requirements:. Poser PP/5/6/7 OR DAZ Studio 1.5, V4. Base from DAZ. NOTE: Hair and skin texture are NOT ... Butterflies. Feathers. Hearts. Roses. Leaves. Snowflakes. - 5 Poses for V4. - 4 Expressions for V4. - 6 Light Sets. - Textures ... Something special for your renders! Pack includes: - 6 special Rain props for Poser and DAZ Studio: Butterflies Feathers Hearts ... Direct Link https://store.payloadz.com/go/?id=56720 https://store.payloadz.com/details/56720-software-design-butterfly-rain. ...
Photo frames. Sunflowers and butterflies
Butterflies of Europe Photo Gallery by Martin en Heleen at pbase.com
Black Butterfly Gifts & Merchandise for Sale | Redbubble
High quality Black Butterfly-inspired gifts and merchandise. T-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more, designed and ... butterfly, colorful butterfly, brown butterfly, black butterfly, white butterfly, dragon fly, butterflies, butterfly tattoo. ... butterflies, butterfly, blue butterfly, blue butterflies, black butterflies, black butterfly, butterfly pattern, nature, pretty ... monarch butterfly, monarch butterflies, beautiful butterflies, beautiful butterfly, butter fly, butterfly wings, butterflies, ...
Sighting 1109936 | Butterflies and Moths of North America
Colorful Butterfly Jibbitz™ charms - Crocs
Butterfly tears by ryuneo | ePHOTOzine
Love the metallic look, must confess didnt notice the the butterflies at first. You have some pretty remarkable stuff in your ... Love the metallic look, must confess didnt notice the the butterflies at first. You have some pretty remarkable stuff in your ... Had to look to find the butterflies but worth it. A good idea subtly executed.. Penny ... Had to look to find the butterflies but worth it. A good idea subtly executed. Penny ...
Monarch Butterfly - Danaus plexippus - NatureWorks
The monarch butterfly is reddish-orange with black vein-like markings. There is a black border around its wings with white ... Each butterfly lives from two to six weeks. The male courts the female in the air, tackles her and breeds with her on the ... The monarch butterfly has also been established in Hawaii and Australia. Habitat. In the spring and summer, the monarch ... The monarch butterfly is reddish-orange with black vein-like markings. There is a black border around its wings with white ...
- The vision of butterflies and moths changes radically in their different stages of life. (enchantedlearning.com)
- Butterflies and moths (like many other adult insects) have compound eyes and simple eyes. (enchantedlearning.com)
- Butterflies and moths hear sounds through their wings. (enchantedlearning.com)
- Kids will learn to identify various butterflies and moths, discover the difference between a proboscis and a palp, and find out about the life cycle of these winged beauties. (doverpublications.com)
- The most frequently implicated insects are moths and butterflies. (cdc.gov)
- Like butterflies, moths are holometabolous organisms, which means that they undergo a complete metamorphosis as they pass through their four developmental stages: embryo, larva, pupa, and imago, or adult. (cdc.gov)
- In this article, you'll learn what caterpillars and butterflies need to survive, determine the requirements of a butterfly garden and gain a few tips on how to create a thriving butterfly sanctuary of your own. (howstuffworks.com)
- But first a quick word on butterfly biology and why caterpillars have the biggest appetite in town. (howstuffworks.com)
- Ravenous caterpillars eat lots of host plants in preparation for their transformation into butterflies. (howstuffworks.com)
- Butterflies look out for their younger counterparts by only laying their eggs where emerging caterpillars are assured an abundant food source when they hatch. (howstuffworks.com)
- The National Wildlife Federation's Butterfly Heroes™ program is bringing awareness to the declining monarch butterfly population and connecting gardeners, kids, and families alike in helping this species and other pollinators thrive. (nwf.org)
- BUTTERFLIES in Central America are providing evidence for inter-species breeding as an evolutionary force. (newscientist.com)
- James Mallet, an evolutionary biologist at University College London, set out to study the flow of genes between the two genetically and physically distinct butterfly species Heliconius cydno and H. melpomene (see below) whose ranges overlap in Panama. (newscientist.com)
- tiger swallowtail , any of several North American species of black-and-yellow swallowtail butterflies. (britannica.com)
- In some areas, butterfly species that declined in the 1900s are more plentiful now. (amnh.org)
- As habitat loss and pesticide use decrease butterfly numbers, enthusiasts are turning to butterfly gardens as a way to attract and conserve the species. (howstuffworks.com)
- Much of what we know about mimicry, evolution , animal behavior and how organisms interact with one another we learned from studying butterflies. (howstuffworks.com)
- PULLMAN, Wash. -- A count of the Western Monarch butterfly population last winter saw a staggering drop in numbers, but there are hopeful signs the beautiful pollinators are adapting to a changing climate and ecology. (eurekalert.org)
- A monarch butterfly visits a patch of orange lantanta. (howstuffworks.com)
- Just as the caterpillar phase is primarily for growth, the adult butterfly phase is primarily for reproduction . (howstuffworks.com)
- Before you can create a butterfly garden alive with a profusion of delicately fluttering wings, you need to know a little about butterfly biology, including how they survive and reproduce. (howstuffworks.com)
- A butterfly's feet have sense organs that can taste the sugar in nectar, letting the butterfly know if something is good to eat or not. (enchantedlearning.com)
- Asters are a good nectar plant for butterfly gardens. (howstuffworks.com)
- Rather than gobble down leaves for growth, butterflies mainly consume nectar for energy to fly. (howstuffworks.com)
- Long-term spatial memory across large spatial scales in Heliconius butterflies. (bvsalud.org)
- Among butterflies , Heliconius have a unique dietary adaptation, actively collecting and feeding on pollen , providing a source of essential amino acids as adults , negating reproductive senescence and facilitating an extended longevity3. (bvsalud.org)
- However, experimental evidence of spatial learning in Heliconius, or any other butterfly , is so far absent. (bvsalud.org)
- Monarchs are iconic and very popular, basically the poster insect when anyone thinks about butterflies. (eurekalert.org)
- Biologists, conservation groups, and other organizations have been supporting their revival by protecting and managing open areas, growing more of the plants the butterflies feed on, and in some cases, raising endangered butterflies and releasing them into the wild. (amnh.org)
- So to put it in the context of the pandemic and how we've lived through the pandemic, and using the butterfly as a metaphor, it's about personal transformation in a way. (cdc.gov)
- To survive they must hunt black butterflies and claim kaleidoscope shards from the horrific monsters surrounding them. (steampowered.com)
- Robert Frost bent down to study a 'dye-dusty wing' nestled in dead leaves and wrote 'My Butterfly,' the poem that later made him famous. (howstuffworks.com)
- You can help butterflies by planting your own butterfly garden and giving butterflies a more opportunities to eat, rest, and reproduce. (amnh.org)
- Find tips for creating a garden for butterflies in your neighborhood. (amnh.org)
- Perhaps the most obvious and popular reason to start a butterfly garden is for pleasure. (howstuffworks.com)
- When designing a butterfly garden, remember that butterflies are not always so attractive. (howstuffworks.com)
- If females can't find the appropriate plant, they will not reproduce, so placing host plants in your butterfly garden is important. (howstuffworks.com)
- Set in a highly unique, surreal atmosphere with contrasts of bright, psychedelic colors and dark, muted tones, Psychedelica of the Black Butterfly is an unforgettable adventure. (steampowered.com)
- Similar to the historic 'canaries in a coal mine,' the declining health of butterfly populations can alert people to a problem in the ecosystem. (howstuffworks.com)
- For references , please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/figures/grassland-butterflies-2014-population-index-1990 or scan the QR code. (europa.eu)
- As the planet warms, many North American butterflies are moving north or higher into the mountains. (amnh.org)
- My mother loved purple and black and butterflies have meaning to her and I. This urn was everything and more. (etsy.com)
- Follow the black butterflies as your choices unlock numerous story paths, a mansion full of fascinating characters, and a multitude of surprising endings. (steampowered.com)
- Find Black Butterfly-inspired gifts and merchandise printed on quality products one at a time in socially responsible ways. (redbubble.com)
- Poetry aside, who can forget Muhammad Ali's famous claim to 'float like a butterfly, sting like a bee? (howstuffworks.com)
- James is continuing his long-running Monarch tagging program, in which the butterflies are raised and tagged by people in the Northwest, including inmates at a prison, then released so they can migrate south for winter. (eurekalert.org)
- Ces résultats semblent indiquer que l'utilisation de l'alun en tant qu'antiplaquettaire oral pourrait faire l'objet d'études complémentaires, en tenant compte des effets secondaires éventuels notamment chez les patients dont la fonction rénale est altérée. (who.int)
- Conveniently positioned, Butterfly Guesthouse offers easy access to Reykjavik's best hot spots. (hotelscombined.com)