A butterlike product made of refined vegetable oils, sometimes blended with animal fats, and emulsified usually with water or milk. It is used as a butter substitute. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A plant species of the family FABACEAE that yields edible seeds, the familiar peanuts, which contain protein, oil and lectins.
Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.
Oils derived from plants or plant products.
A tree of the family Sterculiaceae (or Byttneriaceae), usually Theobroma cacao, or its seeds, which after fermentation and roasting, yield cocoa and chocolate.
A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.
Oil from ZEA MAYS or corn plant.
Substances added to foods and medicine to improve the quality of taste.
Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Raw and processed or manufactured milk and milk-derived products. These are usually from cows (bovine) but are also from goats, sheep, reindeer, and water buffalo.
A plant family of the order Ebenales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida that are tropical trees which have elongate latex cells. Several members bear sweet edible fruits and produce triterpenoid saponins.
Oil from soybean or soybean plant.
Addition of hydrogen to a compound, especially to an unsaturated fat or fatty acid. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
A collective term for a group of around nine geometric and positional isomers of LINOLEIC ACID in which the trans/cis double bonds are conjugated, where double bonds alternate with single bonds.
UNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS that contain at least one double bond in the trans configuration, which results in a greater bond angle than the cis configuration. This results in a more extended fatty acid chain similar to SATURATED FATTY ACIDS, with closer packing and reduced fluidity. HYDROGENATION of unsaturated fatty acids increases the trans content.
A group of compounds that are derivatives of octadecanoic acid which is one of the most abundant fatty acids found in animal lipids. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Measurement and evaluation of the components of substances to be taken as FOOD.
A generic term for fats and lipoids, the alcohol-ether-soluble constituents of protoplasm, which are insoluble in water. They comprise the fats, fatty oils, essential oils, waxes, phospholipids, glycolipids, sulfolipids, aminolipids, chromolipids (lipochromes), and fatty acids. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Fatty acids which are unsaturated in only one position.
A plant genus of the LAMIACEAE family. It is known as a spice and medicinal plant.
Carrier of aroma of butter, vinegar, coffee, and other foods.
The glyceryl esters of a fatty acid, or of a mixture of fatty acids. They are generally odorless, colorless, and tasteless if pure, but they may be flavored according to origin. Fats are insoluble in water, soluble in most organic solvents. They occur in animal and vegetable tissue and are generally obtained by boiling or by extraction under pressure. They are important in the diet (DIETARY FATS) as a source of energy. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A 4-hydroxylated metabolite of AFLATOXIN B1, one of the MYCOTOXINS from ASPERGILLUS tainted food. It is associated with LIVER damage and cancer resulting from its P450 activation to the epoxide which alkylates DNA. Toxicity depends on the balance of liver enzymes that activate it (CYTOCHROME P-450) and others that detoxify it (GLUTATHIONE S TRANSFERASE) (Pharmac Ther 50.443 1991). Primates & rat are sensitive while mouse and hamster are tolerant (Canc Res 29.236 1969).
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Fats containing one or more double bonds, as from oleic acid, an unsaturated fatty acid.
The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.
A group of fatty acids that contain 18 carbon atoms and a double bond at the omega 9 carbon.
Poisoning caused by ingestion of food harboring species of SALMONELLA. Conditions of raising, shipping, slaughtering, and marketing of domestic animals contribute to the spread of this bacterium in the food supply.
A genus herbs of the Asteraceae family. The SEEDS yield oil and are used as food and animal feed; the roots of Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) are edible.
The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.
The time frame after a meal or FOOD INTAKE.
Lipid-protein complexes involved in the transportation and metabolism of lipids in the body. They are spherical particles consisting of a hydrophobic core of TRIGLYCERIDES and CHOLESTEROL ESTERS surrounded by a layer of hydrophilic free CHOLESTEROL; PHOSPHOLIPIDS; and APOLIPOPROTEINS. Lipoproteins are classified by their varying buoyant density and sizes.
Substances capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other deterioration of foods.
Baked food product made of flour or meal that is moistened, kneaded, and sometimes fermented. A major food since prehistoric times, it has been made in various forms using a variety of ingredients and methods.
Containers, packaging, and packaging materials for processed and raw foods and beverages. It includes packaging intended to be used for storage and also used for preparation of foods such as microwave food containers versus COOKING AND EATING UTENSILS. Packaging materials may be intended for food contact or designated non-contact, for example, shipping containers. FOOD LABELING is also available.
Unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or easily liquefiable on warming, and are soluble in ether but insoluble in water. Such substances, depending on their origin, are classified as animal, mineral, or vegetable oils. Depending on their behavior on heating, they are volatile or fixed. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The fatty portion of milk, separated as a soft yellowish solid when milk or cream is churned. It is processed for cooking and table use. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.
The white liquid secreted by the mammary glands. It contains proteins, sugar, lipids, vitamins, and minerals.
Procedures or techniques used to keep food from spoiling.
A form of SILICON DIOXIDE composed of skeletons of prehistoric aquatic plants which is used for its ABSORPTION quality, taking up 1.5-4 times its weight in water. The microscopic sharp edges are useful for insect control but can also be an inhalation hazard. It has been used in baked goods and animal feed. Kieselguhr is German for flint + earthy sediment.
FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.
Unsaturated fats or oils used in foods or as a food.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Oils high in unsaturated fats extracted from the bodies of fish or fish parts, especially the LIVER. Those from the liver are usually high in VITAMIN A. The oils are used as DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS. They are also used in soaps and detergents and as protective coatings.
3,7-Dimethylxanthine. The principle alkaloid in Theobroma cacao (the cacao bean) and other plants. A xanthine alkaloid that is used as a bronchodilator and as a vasodilator. It has a weaker diuretic activity than THEOPHYLLINE and is also a less powerful stimulant of smooth muscle. It has practically no stimulant effect on the central nervous system. It was formerly used as a diuretic and in the treatment of angina pectoris and hypertension. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, pp1318-9)
Botanically, a type of single-seeded fruit in which the pericarp enclosing the seed is a hard woody shell. In common usage the term is used loosely for any hard, oil-rich kernel. Of those commonly eaten, only hazel, filbert, and chestnut are strictly nuts. Walnuts, pecans, almonds, and coconuts are really drupes. Brazil nuts, pistachios, macadamias, and cashews are really seeds with a hard shell derived from the testa rather than the pericarp.
The largest lymphatic vessel that passes through the chest and drains into the SUBCLAVIAN VEIN.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
The extent to which the active ingredient of a drug dosage form becomes available at the site of drug action or in a biological medium believed to reflect accessibility to a site of action.
The art or practice of preparing food. It includes the preparation of special foods for diets in various diseases.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to low density lipoproteins (LDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
Animal reproductive bodies, or the contents thereof, used as food. The concept is differentiated from OVUM, the anatomic or physiologic entity.
Cholesterol which is contained in or bound to high-density lipoproteins (HDL), including CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and free cholesterol.
Uptake of substances through the lining of the INTESTINES.
A class of lipoproteins that carry dietary CHOLESTEROL and TRIGLYCERIDES from the SMALL INTESTINE to the tissues. Their density (0.93-1.006 g/ml) is the same as that of VERY-LOW-DENSITY LIPOPROTEINS.
An unsaturated fatty acid that is the most widely distributed and abundant fatty acid in nature. It is used commercially in the preparation of oleates and lotions, and as a pharmaceutical solvent. (Stedman, 26th ed)
Cholesterol present in food, especially in animal products.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
A diet that contains limited amounts of fat with less than 30% of calories from all fats and less than 10% from saturated fat. Such a diet is used in control of HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. (From Bondy et al, Metabolic Control and Disease, 8th ed, pp468-70; Dorland, 27th ed)
Carbohydrates present in food comprising digestible sugars and starches and indigestible cellulose and other dietary fibers. The former are the major source of energy. The sugars are in beet and cane sugar, fruits, honey, sweet corn, corn syrup, milk and milk products, etc.; the starches are in cereal grains, legumes (FABACEAE), tubers, etc. (From Claudio & Lagua, Nutrition and Diet Therapy Dictionary, 3d ed, p32, p277)
Systematic collections of factual data pertaining to the diet of a human population within a given geographic area.
The phenomenon whereby certain chemical compounds have structures that are different although the compounds possess the same elemental composition. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
A statistical analytic technique used with discrete dependent variables, concerned with separating sets of observed values and allocating new values. It is sometimes used instead of regression analysis.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
A doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycosides. It is an essential fatty acid in mammalian nutrition and is used in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and cell membranes. (From Stedman, 26th ed)
Protein components on the surface of LIPOPROTEINS. They form a layer surrounding the hydrophobic lipid core. There are several classes of apolipoproteins with each playing a different role in lipid transport and LIPID METABOLISM. These proteins are synthesized mainly in the LIVER and the INTESTINES.
The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
A condition with abnormally high levels of CHOLESTEROL in the blood. It is defined as a cholesterol value exceeding the 95th percentile for the population.
The consumption of edible substances.
The selection of one food over another.
Glucose in blood.
A food group comprised of EDIBLE PLANTS or their parts.
The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that utilizes citrate as a sole carbon source. It is pathogenic for humans, causing enteric fevers, gastroenteritis, and bacteremia. Food poisoning is the most common clinical manifestation. Organisms within this genus are separated on the basis of antigenic characteristics, sugar fermentation patterns, and bacteriophage susceptibility.
Physiological processes in biosynthesis (anabolism) and degradation (catabolism) of LIPIDS.
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
A genus of the family Muridae having three species. The present domesticated strains were developed from individuals brought from Syria. They are widely used in biomedical research.
Peroxidase catalyzed oxidation of lipids using hydrogen peroxide as an electron acceptor.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Steroid acids and salts. The primary bile acids are derived from cholesterol in the liver and usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. The secondary bile acids are further modified by bacteria in the intestine. They play an important role in the digestion and absorption of fat. They have also been used pharmacologically, especially in the treatment of gallstones.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Increase in BODY WEIGHT over existing weight.
Lipids containing one or more phosphate groups, particularly those derived from either glycerol (phosphoglycerides see GLYCEROPHOSPHOLIPIDS) or sphingosine (SPHINGOLIPIDS). They are polar lipids that are of great importance for the structure and function of cell membranes and are the most abundant of membrane lipids, although not stored in large amounts in the system.
Gel electrophoresis in which the direction of the electric field is changed periodically. This technique is similar to other electrophoretic methods normally used to separate double-stranded DNA molecules ranging in size up to tens of thousands of base-pairs. However, by alternating the electric field direction one is able to separate DNA molecules up to several million base-pairs in length.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.
Relating to the size of solids.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
A process involving chance used in therapeutic trials or other research endeavor for allocating experimental subjects, human or animal, between treatment and control groups, or among treatment groups. It may also apply to experiments on inanimate objects.
A class of lipoproteins of small size (18-25 nm) and light (1.019-1.063 g/ml) particles with a core composed mainly of CHOLESTEROL ESTERS and smaller amounts of TRIGLYCERIDES. The surface monolayer consists mostly of PHOSPHOLIPIDS, a single copy of APOLIPOPROTEIN B-100, and free cholesterol molecules. The main LDL function is to transport cholesterol and cholesterol esters to extrahepatic tissues.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Specialized connective tissue composed of fat cells (ADIPOCYTES). It is the site of stored FATS, usually in the form of TRIGLYCERIDES. In mammals, there are two types of adipose tissue, the WHITE FAT and the BROWN FAT. Their relative distributions vary in different species with most adipose tissue being white.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.

Differential effects of saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids on postprandial lipemia and incretin responses in healthy subjects. (1/132)

BACKGROUND: Elevations of postprandial triacylglycerol-rich plasma lipoproteins and suppressions of HDL-cholesterol concentrations are considered potentially atherogenic. Long-term studies have shown beneficial effects of monounsaturated fatty acids (eg, oleic acid) on fasting lipid and lipoprotein concentrations in humans. A direct stimulatory effect of oleic acid on the secretion of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) was shown in animal studies. OBJECTIVE: We compared the postprandial responses of glucose, insulin, fatty acids, triacylglycerol, gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), and GLP-1 to test meals rich in saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids. DESIGN: Ten young, lean, healthy persons ingested 3 meals: an energy-free soup consumed with 50 g carbohydrate (control meal), the control meal plus 100 g butter, and the control meal plus 80 g olive oil. Triacylglycerol and retinyl palmitate responses were measured in total plasma, in a chylomicron-rich fraction, and in a chylomicron-poor fraction. RESULTS: No significant differences in glucose, insulin, or fatty acid responses to the 2 fat-rich meals were seen. Plasma triacylglycerol responses were highest after the butter meal, with chylomicron triacylglycerol rising 2.5-5-fold. Retinyl palmitate responses were higher and more prolonged after the butter meal than after the control and olive oil meals, whereas both postprandial HDL-cholesterol concentrations and GLP-1 and GIP responses were higher after the olive oil meal than after the butter meal. CONCLUSIONS: Olive oil induced lower triacylglycerol concentrations and higher HDL-cholesterol concentrations than butter, without eliciting differences in concentrations of glucose, insulin, or fatty acids. Furthermore, olive oil induced higher concentrations of GLP-1 and GIP than did butter, which may point to a relation between fatty acid composition, incretin responses, and triacylglycerol metabolism in the postprandial phase.  (+info)

Plasma clearance of chylomicrons from butterfat is not dependent on saturation: studies with butterfat fractions and other fats containing triacylglycerols with low or high melting points. (2/132)

BACKGROUND: Dietary fats influence plasma lipids, and changes in the clearance and metabolism of postprandial lipoproteins can affect atherosclerosis. Butterfat is considered hypercholesterolemic but contains a multitude of constituent fatty acids. OBJECTIVES: We determined triacylglycerol and cholesteryl ester clearances of lymph chylomicrons derived from butterfat, fractions of butterfat, and other dietary fats. METHODS: Radiolabeled lymph chylomicrons resulting from the intestinal absorption of different fats were reinjected into recipient rats to measure plasma clearance. Plasma clearance of [14C]triacylglycerol was used as an indicator of chylomicron lipolysis whereas clearance of [3H]cholesteryl ester was used as an indicator of chylomicron remnant removal. RESULTS: [3H]Cholesteryl ester clearance was slower from chylomicrons derived from a solid, high-saturated-butterfat fraction than from whole butterfat, but clearance of chylomicrons from other fractions did not correlate with the fractions' saturated fatty acid contents. Clearance of cholesteryl esters in chylomicrons derived from cocoa butter, palm oil, and butterfat was slower than clearance of cholesteryl esters in chylomicrons derived from safflower oil. Hepatic uptakes of cholesteryl esters were generally lower for chylomicrons from all butterfat fractions, cocoa butter, and palm oil. CONCLUSIONS: In contrast with minor effects on the lipolysis of chylomicron triacylglycerols, chylomicron remnant removal was strongly influenced by the type of dietary fat, with slower cholesteryl ester clearances for saturated fats with higher melting points. However, remnant removal and hepatic uptake of chylomicrons from whole butterfat and fractions of butterfat were not correlated with fat saturation. The mechanisms of this apparent paradox remain unknown but may be attributable to acyl arrangements in the lipid classes of chylomicrons that influence the association with apolipoproteins and receptors and hence remnant removal.  (+info)

Food groups, oils and butter, and cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx. (3/132)

To elucidate the role of dietary habits, a study was carried out in 1992-1997 in the province of Pordenone in Northeastern Italy, and those of Rome and Latina in central Italy. Cases were 512 men and 86 women with cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx (lip, salivary glands and nasopharynx excluded) and controls were 1008 men and 483 women who had been admitted to local hospitals for a broad range of acute non-neoplastic conditions. The validated dietary section of the questionnaire included 78 foods or recipes and ten questions on fat intake patterns. After allowance for education, smoking, alcohol and total energy intake, significant trends of increasing risk with increasing intake emerged for soups, eggs, processed meats, cakes and desserts, and butter. Risk was approximately halved in the highest compared to the lowest intake quintile for coffee and tea, white bread, poultry, fish, raw and cooked vegetables, citrus fruit, and olive oil. The inverse association with oils, especially olive oil, was only slightly attenuated by allowance for vegetable intake. Thus, frequent consumption of vegetables, citrus fruit, fish and vegetable oils were the major features of a low-risk diet for cancer of the oral cavity and pharynx.  (+info)

Conjugated linoleic acid-enriched butter fat alters mammary gland morphogenesis and reduces cancer risk in rats. (4/132)

Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) is a potent cancer preventive agent in animal models. To date, all of the in vivo work with CLA has been done with a commercial free fatty acid preparation containing a mixture of c9,t11-, t10,c12- and c11,t13-isomers, although CLA in food is predominantly (80-90%) the c9,t11-isomer present in triacylglycerols. The objective of this study was to determine whether a high CLA butter fat has biological activities similar to those of the mixture of free fatty acid CLA isomers. The following four different endpoints were evaluated in rat mammary gland: 1) digitized image analysis of epithelial mass in mammary whole mount; 2) terminal end bud (TEB) density; 3) proliferative activity of TEB cells as determined by proliferating cell nuclear antigen immunohistochemistry; and 4) mammary cancer prevention bioassay in the methylnitrosourea model. It should be noted that TEB cells are the target cells for mammary chemical carcinogenesis. Feeding butter fat CLA to rats during the time of pubescent mammary gland development reduced mammary epithelial mass by 22%, decreased the size of the TEB population by 30%, suppressed the proliferation of TEB cells by 30% and inhibited mammary tumor yield by 53% (P < 0.05). Furthermore, all of the above variables responded with the same magnitude of change to both butter fat CLA and the mixture of CLA isomers at the level of CLA (0.8%) present in the diet. Interestingly, there appeared to be some selectivity in the uptake or incorporation of c9,t11-CLA over t10,c12-CLA in the tissues of rats given the mixture of CLA isomers. Rats consuming the CLA-enriched butter fat also consistently accumulated more total CLA in the mammary gland and other tissues (four- to sixfold increases) compared with those consuming free fatty acid CLA (threefold increases) at the same dietary level of intake. We hypothesize that the availability of vaccenic acid (t11-18:1) in butter fat may serve as the precursor for the endogenous synthesis of CLA via the Delta9-desaturase reaction. Further studies will be conducted to investigate other attributes of this novel dairy product.  (+info)

Neonatal tetanus associated with topical umbilical ghee: covert role of cow dung. (5/132)

BACKGROUND: Previous studies in Pakistan have shown that ghee (clarified butter) is commonly applied to umbilical wounds of neonates, and have documented that such applications are a risk factor for neonatal tetanus (NNT). In-use contamination of ghee with Clostridium tetani has been demonstrated, but mechanisms underlying the risk of ghee have been incompletely evaluated epidemiologically. METHODS: Detailed information on ghee usage, including fuels used to heat it, was obtained from cases of NNT (n = 229) and their matched controls (n = 687) from a population-based study of NNT in Punjab Province, Pakistan. Design variables were created to evaluate the impact of different fuel sources on risk of ghee applications. RESULTS: Nearly one-third of all infants had ghee applied, and it was nearly always heated before application to umbilical wounds of newborns. After controlling for all factors found to be significantly associated with NNT in conditional logistic regression, only ghee that had always been heated with dried cow dung fuel was significantly associated with NNT. Topical antimicrobials and ghee were never applied together. CONCLUSIONS: Ghee applications to umbilical wounds, when heated with 'clean' fuels, appear to pose no increased risk of NNT, although handling practices undoubtedly result in hazardous microbial contamination. In contrast, ghee heated with dung fuel was significantly associated with NNT. The effective promotion of topical antimicrobials might help reduce ghee use, since the intended purpose of each is to enhance healing.  (+info)

Hydrogenated fat consumption affects cholesterol synthesis in moderately hypercholesterolemic women. (6/132)

To determine mechanisms by which hydrogenated fat influences plasma lipid levels, 14 women (65;-71 yrs with LDL-C >/= 130 mg. dl(-)(1)) consumed, for 5-week periods each, a baseline (BL) diet (39% kcal fat, 164 mg chol. 1000 kcal(-)(1)) and reduced fat diets (30% kcal) where two-thirds of the fat was either soybean oil (SO), low trans squeeze (SQM), medium trans tub (TM), or high trans stick (SM) margarines, or butter (BT). Plasma lipid levels were analyzed at the end of each phase. Fractional synthesis rates (FSR) in pools/day (p. d(-)(1)) and absolute synthesis rates (ASR) in grams/day (g. d(-)(1)) of free cholesterol (FC) were measured using the deuterium incorporation methodology. Plasma total (P < 0.01) and low density lipoprotein (P < 0.05) cholesterol levels increased with increasing degree of hydrogenation or saturated fat intake. High density lipoprotein cholesterol levels (P < 0.05) were lowest on the SM diet when compared to the BT diet. Low trans SQM (0.081 +/- 0.019 p. d(-)(1)) and medium trans TM (0.086 +/- 0.029 p. d(-)(1)) diets elicited responses similar to the SO (0.078 +/- 0.024 p. d(-)(1)) diet, whereas high trans SM (0.053 +/- 0.029 p. d(-)(1)) diet mimicked the BT (0.062 +/- 0.017 p. d(-)(1)) and high fat BL (0.053 +/- 0.023 p. d(-)(1)) diet in its suppression (P < 0.05) of FSR-FC. ASR-FC, which is an approximation of the daily production of newly synthesized cholesterol, showed a trend similar to the FSR-FC data. These results indicate that reduced synthesis is not responsible for the higher plasma TC levels seen with consumption of the SM, BT, and BL diets, and suggest that another mechanism, possibly impairment of the catabolic pathway of cholesterol, is involved.  (+info)

An outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes serotype 3a infections from butter in Finland. (7/132)

In February 1999, an outbreak of listeriosis caused by Listeria monocytogenes serotype 3a occurred in Finland. All isolates were identical. The outbreak strain was first isolated in 1997 in dairy butter. This dairy began delivery to a tertiary care hospital (TCH) in June 1998. From June 1998 to April 1999, 25 case patients were identified (20 with sepsis, 4 with meningitis, and 1 with abscess; 6 patients died). Patients with the outbreak strain were more likely to have been admitted to the TCH than were patients with other strains of L. monocytogenes (60% vs. 8%; odds ratio, 17.3; 95% confidence interval, 2.8-136.8). Case patients admitted to the TCH had been hospitalized longer before cultures tested positive than had matched controls (median, 31 vs. 10 days; P=.008). An investigation found the outbreak strain in packaged butter served at the TCH and at the source dairy. Recall of the product ended the outbreak.  (+info)

Analytical aspects of capillary gas chromatography of lower fatty acids [up to C18]. (8/132)

The principal aspects influencing analytical capillary gas chromatography of fatty acids up to C18 have been evaluated. Selected fundamental problems of interlaboratory exchange of retention data were problems of defined temperature in commercial thermostated air baths, of capillary tubing, and of stationary phases. A modification of commercial thermostats has been proposed in order to secure a defined temperature for glass capillary columns. It has been found that retention data of fatty-acid methyl esters can be measured under standard conditions with the same accuracy as retention data of hydrocarbons on squalane. Metal capillary columns coated with Apiezon L were found to be unsuitable for the analysis of fatty-acid methyl esters when compared with the results of their quantitative analysis in packed Apiezon L and polar capillary columns. Possibilities of a nontraditional statistical evaluation of the results of measurements are suggested. A program in FORTRAN IV language is given for the calculation of Kovats' retention indices for fatty-acid methyl esters.  (+info)

In severe cases, salmonella infection can spread from the intestines to the bloodstream and other parts of the body, leading to life-threatening complications such as sepsis and meningitis. In rare cases, it can also cause long-term health problems, such as inflammatory bowel disease and reactive arthritis.

Salmonella food poisoning is a common illness in the United States, with an estimated 1.2 million cases occurring each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It can affect anyone, but certain groups of people, such as young children, pregnant women, older adults, and people with weakened immune systems, are at higher risk for severe illness.

The symptoms of salmonella food poisoning typically begin within 12 to 72 hours after consuming contaminated food or water, and can last for several days to a week or more. Diagnosis is usually made through a combination of physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests. Treatment typically involves drinking plenty of fluids to replace lost electrolytes, antibiotics to treat severe cases, and supportive care to manage symptoms.

Prevention is key in avoiding salmonella food poisoning, and this includes proper handling and cooking of food, frequent handwashing, and avoiding contact with animals or their environments. Food handlers should also be trained on safe food handling practices, and food establishments should maintain clean and sanitary conditions. Vaccines are also available for certain types of Salmonella bacteria, such as the typhoid vaccine, which is recommended for travelers to certain parts of the world where typhoid fever is common.

Body weight is an important health indicator, as it can affect an individual's risk for certain medical conditions, such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Maintaining a healthy body weight is essential for overall health and well-being, and there are many ways to do so, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and other lifestyle changes.

There are several ways to measure body weight, including:

1. Scale: This is the most common method of measuring body weight, and it involves standing on a scale that displays the individual's weight in kg or lb.
2. Body fat calipers: These are used to measure body fat percentage by pinching the skin at specific points on the body.
3. Skinfold measurements: This method involves measuring the thickness of the skin folds at specific points on the body to estimate body fat percentage.
4. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA): This is a non-invasive method that uses electrical impulses to measure body fat percentage.
5. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA): This is a more accurate method of measuring body composition, including bone density and body fat percentage.

It's important to note that body weight can fluctuate throughout the day due to factors such as water retention, so it's best to measure body weight at the same time each day for the most accurate results. Additionally, it's important to use a reliable scale or measuring tool to ensure accurate measurements.

There are several types of hypercholesterolemia, including:

1. Familial hypercholesterolemia: This is an inherited condition that causes high levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, also known as "bad" cholesterol, in the blood.
2. Non-familial hypercholesterolemia: This type of hypercholesterolemia is not inherited and can be caused by a variety of factors, such as a high-fat diet, lack of exercise, obesity, and certain medical conditions, such as hypothyroidism or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).
3. Mixed hypercholesterolemia: This type of hypercholesterolemia is characterized by high levels of both LDL and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol in the blood.

The diagnosis of hypercholesterolemia is typically made based on a physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests, such as a lipid profile, which measures the levels of different types of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. Treatment for hypercholesterolemia usually involves lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet and regular exercise, and may also include medication, such as statins, to lower cholesterol levels.

There are several different types of weight gain, including:

1. Clinical obesity: This is defined as a BMI of 30 or higher, and is typically associated with a range of serious health problems, such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain types of cancer.
2. Central obesity: This refers to excess fat around the waistline, which can increase the risk of health problems such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
3. Muscle gain: This occurs when an individual gains weight due to an increase in muscle mass, rather than fat. This type of weight gain is generally considered healthy and can improve overall fitness and athletic performance.
4. Fat gain: This occurs when an individual gains weight due to an increase in body fat, rather than muscle or bone density. Fat gain can increase the risk of health problems such as heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

Weight gain can be measured using a variety of methods, including:

1. Body mass index (BMI): This is a widely used measure of weight gain that compares an individual's weight to their height. A BMI of 18.5-24.9 is considered normal, while a BMI of 25-29.9 is considered overweight, and a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese.
2. Waist circumference: This measures the distance around an individual's waistline and can be used to assess central obesity.
3. Skinfold measurements: These involve measuring the thickness of fat at specific points on the body, such as the abdomen or thighs.
4. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA): This is a non-invasive test that uses X-rays to measure bone density and body composition.
5. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA): This is a non-invasive test that uses electrical impulses to measure body fat percentage and other physiological parameters.

Causes of weight gain:

1. Poor diet: Consuming high amounts of processed foods, sugar, and saturated fats can lead to weight gain.
2. Lack of physical activity: Engaging in regular exercise can help burn calories and maintain a healthy weight.
3. Genetics: An individual's genetic makeup can affect their metabolism and body composition, making them more prone to weight gain.
4. Hormonal imbalances: Imbalances in hormones such as insulin, thyroid, and cortisol can contribute to weight gain.
5. Medications: Certain medications, such as steroids and antidepressants, can cause weight gain as a side effect.
6. Sleep deprivation: Lack of sleep can disrupt hormones that regulate appetite and metabolism, leading to weight gain.
7. Stress: Chronic stress can lead to emotional eating and weight gain.
8. Age: Metabolism slows down with age, making it more difficult to maintain a healthy weight.
9. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions such as hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can also contribute to weight gain.

Treatment options for obesity:

1. Lifestyle modifications: A combination of diet, exercise, and stress management techniques can help individuals achieve and maintain a healthy weight.
2. Medications: Prescription medications such as orlistat, phentermine-topiramate, and liraglutide can aid in weight loss.
3. Bariatric surgery: Surgical procedures such as gastric bypass surgery and sleeve gastrectomy can be effective for severe obesity.
4. Behavioral therapy: Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and other forms of counseling can help individuals develop healthy eating habits and improve their physical activity levels.
5. Meal replacement plans: Meal replacement plans such as Medifast can provide individuals with a structured diet that is high in protein, fiber, and vitamins, and low in calories and sugar.
6. Weight loss supplements: Supplements such as green tea extract, garcinia cambogia, and forskolin can help boost weight loss efforts.
7. Portion control: Using smaller plates and measuring cups can help individuals regulate their portion sizes and maintain a healthy weight.
8. Mindful eating: Paying attention to hunger and fullness cues, eating slowly, and savoring food can help individuals develop healthy eating habits.
9. Physical activity: Engaging in regular physical activity such as walking, running, swimming, or cycling can help individuals burn calories and maintain a healthy weight.

It's important to note that there is no one-size-fits-all approach to treating obesity, and the most effective treatment plan will depend on the individual's specific needs and circumstances. Consulting with a healthcare professional such as a registered dietitian or a physician can help individuals develop a personalized treatment plan that is safe and effective.

Give me butter, more butter, still more butter!'); Julia Child said "With enough butter, anything is good." Melted butter plays ... Yak butter is a specialty in Tibet; tsampa, barley flour mixed with yak butter, is a staple food. Butter tea is consumed in the ... Most butter dishes are designed for Elgin-style butter sticks. Outside of the United States, butter is measured for sale by ... Butter made from pasteurized fresh cream is called sweet cream butter. Production of sweet cream butter first became common in ...
... is a compound butter made with butter combined with other ingredients, including truffles or synthetic truffle ... Lucy Lean Made in America: Our Best Chefs Reinvent Comfort Food 2011 Page 53 "How to Use Truffle Butter". D'Artagnan. Retrieved ... Portal: Food v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Spreads (food), Butter, All stub ...
Lotus Biscoff Cookie Butter is the most recognizable brand. However, Trader Joe's Speculoos Cookie Butter is quite popular as ... Granatsplitter (Germany). Cocoa and rum flavoured cookie butter (with butter) covered in dark chocolate. List of cookies Petit- ... Beurre Butter cookie Speculaas Hoe Oma Wapsie uw speculoospasta uitvond ('How Grandma Wapsie invented your cookie butter'), Jan ... The cookie butter is mostly flavoured with cocoa and often includes other types of crumbled cakes. It is sometimes mixed with ...
... titled Butter Miracle, Suite One, was released on May 21, 2021. A second EP, Butter Miracle, Suite Two, will be released and ... Butter Miracle is the eighth studio album by Counting Crows. "Elevator Boots" was released as the first single for the four- ... "Butter Miracle Suite One". All Music. Retrieved 25 May 2021. (Articles with short description, Short description is different ... Enos, Morgan (18 May 2021). "Adam Duritz On Counting Crows' New EP 'Butter Miracle, Suite One' & Finally Catching A Break From ...
In Finland, egg butter is typically spread over hot Karelian pasties. In Estonia, egg butter and leib (dark rye bread) are ... Egg butter (Finnish: munavoi, Estonian: munavõi, Norwegian: eggesmør) is a mixture of butter and chopped hard boiled eggs. It ... ISBN 0781811228 Egg Butter at the Wikibooks Cookbook subproject v t e v t e (Articles with short description, Short description ... List of butter dishes List of pastries List of spreads Food portal Ojakangasm Beatrice A. (1999). The Great Scandinavian Baking ...
From 2006, the butter pie was included in the annual World Pie Eating Championship in Wigan, in the vegetarian category. Butter ... Butter pie Lancashiremade Wallwork, Melanie (12 August 2008). "PNE fans call for butter pies". Lancashire Evening Post. ... "I had another look and I had a cup of tea and butter pie". The butter pie is served in most areas of the historic boundaries of ... In 2010 the butter pie made a return to Preston North End's Deepdale stadium after the huge demand for the pie. This dish is ...
"Butter-Fly" was the theme song to the 1999 film Digimon Adventure, performed as a ballad. "Butter-Fly" was later re-worked as a ... "Butter-Fly". Feel Mee (in Japanese). Retrieved November 1, 2018. "Butter-Fly". Oricon (in Japanese). Retrieved November 1, 2018 ... "Butter-Fly ~Strong Version~". Oricon (in Japanese). Retrieved November 6, 2018. "Butter-Fly~tri.Version~". Oricon (in Japanese ... "Butter-Fly~tri.Version~(初回限定盤)". Feel Mee (in Japanese). Retrieved November 1, 2018. "『デジモンアドベンチャーtri. 第6章「ぼくらの未来」』ED曲は
Schilbe or butter catfishes, a genus native to Africa African butter catfish (Schilbe mystus) Ompok bimaculatus or butter ... Butter catfish is a term for certain catfishes, which look similar but are not particularly closely related: ... This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Butter catfish. If an internal link led you here, you may ... catfish, native to parts of Asia Butter (disambiguation) ...
A butter curler is a kitchen tool designed to produce decorative butter shapes for use in food decoration. It can also be used ... butter curler. page 45. Portal: Food v t e (Food preparation utensils, Butter, All stub articles, Kitchenware stubs). ...
Nut butters include: Acorn butter Almond butter Cashew butter Hazelnut butter Macadamia nut butter Peanut butter Pecan butter ... Soybean butter - made from soynuts (roasted soybeans) Sunflower seed butter Hummus or chickpea spread Nut and seed butters have ... Similar spreads can also be made from seeds not considered nuts in a culinary sense: Pumpkin seed butter Sesame seed butter ( ... Food portal List of spreads Shea butter Shurtleff, W.; Aoyagi, A.. 2012. "History of Soynuts and Soynut Butter... (1068-2012 ...
A butter board is a dish consisting of soft butter, spread over a wooden cutting board, and sprinkled with condiments, ... who media credited with spreading the butter board trend. Hines, Morgan. "How to make a butter board, according to the chef who ... The butter board first appeared in the 2017 cookbook Six Seasons: A New Way With Vegetables by Joshua McFadden. It was ... The dish is served with slices of bread and eaten communally as diners scrape the butter off the board and spread it on their ...
Butter on Opera Musica Markus Butter on Oper Graz Markus Butter on neumarkter-konzertfreunde Markus Butter on JPc Markus Butter ... Markus Butter (born 1973) is an Austrian operatic baritone. Born in Bruck an der Mur, Butter was a member and soloist of the ... Markus Butter on the website of the Bavarian State Opera Markus Butter on the website of the Aalto-Theater Markus Butter ...
The butter burger was popularized by Solly's Grille and Krolls' in 1936. Both restaurants placed a pat of butter on top of the ... Butter burgers are hamburgers topped with butter, either directly on the patty, or on the bun. Likely invented in Wisconsin, ... In 2015, Jack in the Box introduced the "Classic Buttery Jack", a butter burger with garlic herb butter melted onto the patty. ... In 1885, Charlie Nagreen served hamburgers fried in butter, at the Seymour fair, inventing the butter burger in the process. ...
... (simplified Chinese: 酥油灯; traditional Chinese: 酥油燈; pinyin: Sūyóu Dēng; French: La lampe au beurre de yak) is a ... Butter Lamp at IMDb v t e v t e (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, Use dmy dates from ... Aguilar, Carlos (9 February 2015). "Oscars: "Butter Lamp" Director Hu Wei on Tradition and Modernity in Today's World". ...
... at IMDb Duck Butter at Rotten Tomatoes Duck Butter at Metacritic (CS1 maint: url-status, All articles with dead ... "Duck Butter". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 21, 2018. Dry, Jude (April 27, 2018). "Alia Shawkat Made 'Duck Butter' Queer After ... "Duck Butter (2018)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved October 10, 2021. "Duck Butter Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved April ... Duck Butter is a 2018 American independent film directed by Miguel Arteta, from a screenplay by Arteta and Alia Shawkat. It ...
... is high in protein, unsaturated fats and Vitamin B. One tablespoon of unsalted cashew butter provides 94 calories ... Food portal List of spreads Nut butter Peanut butter Natural Solutions. "From fat burning to cancer protecting - which nut ... "6 Alternative Resources For Peanut Butter Nutrition". Retrieved 25 June 2013. Wile, Elise. "Roasted cashew butter". Retrieved ... Cashew butter can be spread on toast, added to smoothies or oatmeal, used as a dip for apple slices or as the base for vegan ...
Roasted pecans, butter, and vanilla flavor are used in butter pecan baked goods. Butter pecan ice cream is smooth vanilla ice ... A variant of the recipe is butter almond, which replaces the pecans with almonds. Butter pecan is a popular flavor of ice cream ... Butter pecan cookies Food portal List of cookies List of ice cream flavors Flavors , Baskin-Robbins v t e (Articles needing ... Butter pecan is a flavor, prominent especially in the United States, in ice cream, cakes, and cookies. ...
Cinnamon is sometimes added to create "maple cinnamon butter". Maple butter can also refer to blending maple syrup and butter, ... The consistency of maple butter is light and spreadable, very similar to the consistency of peanut butter. Its name comes from ... Maple butter, also known as maple cream or maple spread, is a confection made from maple syrup, by heating the syrup to ... a typical recipe made of two parts butter to one part syrup. List of foods made from maple List of spreads Food portal Visser, ...
... is a food spread made from crushed and blended hazelnuts. More commonly found in Europe, hazelnut butter is ... Hazelnut butter contains more than twice as much vitamin E as peanut butter and is higher in cholesterol-reducing ... Hazelnut butter can be used in dishes that call for peanut butter, and as an alternative for those with peanut allergies. ... Hazelnut butter is high in natural fats and susceptible to oil separation, so it should be stirred before use to distribute the ...
... can refer to: Palm butter, a rendering of oil palm fruit used for food and cosmetic purposes Palm butter, another ... made of palm oil designed to imitate dairy butter This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Palm butter ...
Nowadays, when tea leaves, yak butter, and wooden butter churns are not available, people often make butter tea using tea bags ... Wikibooks Cookbook has a recipe/module on Butter tea Wikimedia Commons has media related to Butter tea. Sherpa Butter Tea ( ... Later, butter was added to the tea that was brought from China as butter is and was a staple in Tibetan cuisine. By the 8th ... The butter may also help prevent chapped lips. According to the Tibetan custom, butter tea is drunk in separate sips, and after ...
A demo was then sent to Mike D, who immediately signed Butter 08 to Grand Royal. "9MM" "Shut Up" "Butter Of '69" "Dick Serious ... Butter 08 was a short-lived musical side-project whose members consisted of Yuka Honda and Miho Hatori of Cibo Matto, Russell ... The band released just one album, the self-titled Butter 08 in 1996 on Beastie Boys' now defunct Grand Royal record label. The ... " "Butterfucker" Pop-Catastrophe.co.uk: Butter 08 discography (Articles with hCards, Pages using infobox musical artist with ...
... , or Vologodskoye Maslo (Russian: Волого́дское ма́сло), formerly known as Parisian butter, is a type of butter ... He then labelled his butter "Parisian butter", and it became known as a delicacy in both Russia and Europe. A factory to ... In 1991, after the fall of the Soviet Union, private factories in Vologda started up to again produce Vologda butter for export ... After several years of producing the butter, Vereshchagin took his product to the 1878 Paris Exposition, where it won a gold ...
Wang, Amy X. (July 16, 2021). ""Did 'Butter' Butter Butter?"". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on July 17, 2021. ... ビルボード】BTS「Butter」がストリーミング首位 歴代最多の初週再生回数で [[Billboard] BTS "Butter" topped the streaming list with the highest number of views ... BTS新曲「Butter」が「デジタルランキング」2冠 ストリーミングは初週再生数で歴代1位を記録【オリコンランキング】 [BTS' new song "Butter" wins two digital rankings, Streaming ... "BTS - Butter". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved May 28, 2021. "BTS -
A butter stamp, is a device for stamping a design onto a block of warm butter. They were sometimes commercial but usually ... Butter Stamps[permanent dead link], Museum of Northern Ireland Wikimedia Commons has media related to Butter moulds. Portal: ... Other designs achieved the same effect by carving the design at the bottom of a butter mould. Part of the intent for commercial ... moulds and stamps was to demonstrate consistency in the quantity of butter sold. Both moulds and stamps are now normally ...
... (also known as stone butter) is a soft mineral substance found oozing from alum slates. It consists of native alum ... http://dict.die.net/rock%20butter/-has information from Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913) Rock Butter, from the U. ...
... is a seasoning developed in the late twentieth century for the purpose of combining the flavours found in salt and ... It is a fine, golden powder, originally salt, enriched with butter flavouring. It is often used as a seasoning for popcorn. It ... Food portal Molly McButter Popcorn seasoning "Watkins Official Home Business Opportunity Web Site , Butter Flavoured Salt". ... Foods featuring butter, All stub articles, Food ingredient stubs). ...
... , also known as sunflower seed butter, is a food paste made from sunflower seeds. Sunflower butter is commonly ... "Sunflower Seed Butter and Almond Butter as Nutrient-Rich Alternatives to Peanut Butter" (PDF). USDA. Retrieved 2011-03-02. (All ... Sunflower butter can also be used as a dip for fruit and vegetables, in a sandwich, or in recipes that call for peanut butter; ... Sunflower butter can provide an alternative in schools where peanut butter and other nuts have been banned. However, a small ...
Another type of butter dish, a French butter dish, keeps butter fresh by using water to keep the butter away from the air, ... "Butter Dish". Merriam Webster. Retrieved 18 June 2017. "Dean's Corner-Butter Dishes and Butter: A History". Replacements, Ltd. ... These butter dishes were made to hold the traditional round shape of butter at the time and came with an "ice chamber" to keep ... A butter dish is defined as "a usually round or rectangular dish often with a drainer and a cover for holding butter at table ...
Heavy, yummy, and very peanut-buttery. Youll need lots of milk to eat these!!
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Peanut butter on celery??? You arent in the family way are you?. Chris, celery stuffed with peanut butter is a pretty common ... Peanut butter on celery??? You arent in the family way are you?. Chris, celery stuffed with peanut butter is a pretty common ... Reeses Peanut Butter Cups. Wont touch them.. Pluto will always be a planet to me.. Seti Ambassador. Not to late to order an ... Reeses Peanut Butter Cups. Snickers.... The T1 Trust, PRR T1 Class 4-4-4-4 #5550, 1 of Americas First HSTs. ...
Peanut butter can go rancid in about a year and lose its flavor. While fungi and bacteria wont ruin your peanut butter, ... For comparison purposes, butter from an udder has somewhere in the range of 17 percent water by volume, and must therefore be ... Peanut butter is gooey and delicious, yet it can remain at room temperature for months without spoiling. Low moisture levels ... As peanut butter is exposed to more and more oxygen over its lifetime, it becomes likelier to undergo this decay. ...
Check out the food score for Zanetti Butter, 8.82 Oz from EWGs Food Scores! EWGs Food Scores rates more than 80,000 foods in ... Label for Zanetti Butter, 8.82 Oz captured by LabelINSIGHT on Jan 5, 2023 Tell us if the product name is misspelled. ... Zanetti Butter, 8.82 Oz. EWG assumes no responsibility for the accuracy of images presented. ...
Includes illustrated directions for making butter at home. From the ancient Fertile Crescent to the present day, butter has ... Information about the history, chemistry, manufacture, and storage of butter. ... Butter Sauces · Butter & egg sauces · Quick tips · Recipes · Béarnaise Sauce. 2 shallots, minced. 1/4 cup (60 ml) white wine. 1 ... Clarify the butter [link to clarifying butter page], and let cool for 10 minutes. Briskly whisk the eggs and water into the ...
Smooth peanut butter and two types of chocolate make up this version of the beloved peanut butter cup. ... Smooth peanut butter and two types of chocolate make up this version of the beloved peanut butter cup. ... Drizzle chocolate-peanut butter mixture over bittersweet chocolate, and swirl with a skewer. Refrigerate until firm, about 1 ... Melt milk chocolate with peanut butter in a double boiler or a heatproof bowl set over a pan of simmering water, stirring. ...
Cupuaçu butter is a soft and nourishing emollient, which easily absorbs water. It stabilises emulsions, protects and ... The butter is made up of a variety of beneficial fatty acids (the building block of fats), including omega-9 oleic acid, which ... The cupuaçu fruits used to make the butter in Lush products are farmed by a cooperative in the Amazon rainforest. It was ... The cupuaçu and the cacao tree are relatives (Theobroma genus) and cupuaçu butter is sometimes used to make white chocolate. ...
Lip Butter Balm at Sephora. This silky vegan lip balm hydrates and soothes parched lips in seconds. ...
In a small saucepan, melt the butter. Add the vanilla bean and seeds and cook over moderately low heat until the butter is ... Add the butter and pulse until the mixture resembles coarse meal with some pea-size pieces. With the machine on, drizzle in the ... Beat in the browned butter, lemon zest, nutmeg and salt, then beat in the flour just until blended. ...
This decadent Butter Pecan Cheesecake will impress at any gathering and is a cinch to make. ... Although the rich butter pecan sauce really steals the show, youll be amazed by the silky-smooth texture of this Butter Pecan ... With a nutty graham cracker crust, creamy, slightly tangy filling, and salty-sweet butter pecan topping, this dessert is truly ... Prepare the Crust: Heat 1/2 tablespoons of the melted butter in a small skillet over medium; add chopped pecans, and cook, ...
Get your cookie butter fix with this healthified granola ... Get your cookie butter fix with this healthified granola " ... In a medium sized bowl, whisk the hot water into the cashew butter until the mixture is smooth and blended. Add the maple syrup ... Transfer the granola "cookie" butter to a clean jar and store in the refrigerator. ... "cookie" butter! Enjoy it by the spoonful, spread it on toast, add it to porridge, or eat it alongside some fresh fruit. Who ...
Butter definition: A soft yellowish or whitish emulsion of butterfat, water, air, and sometimes salt, churned from milk or ... Origin of Butter *. From Middle English, from Old English butere ("butter"), from Proto-Germanic *buterô ("butter") (compare ... Idioms, Phrasal Verbs Related to Butter *look as if butter would not melt in ones mouth ... I pushed the door slowly and found a case of water bottles, bread, peanut butter, crackers, cheese and several sealed ...
Find LOST COAST BREWERY Peanut Butter Milk Stout 6pk at Whole Foods Market. Get nutrition, ingredient, allergen, pricing and ...
2 tablespoons chunky peanut butter -1 tablespoon brown sugar -2 tablespoons raisins -1 banana, sliced -1/2 teaspoon cinnamon -1 ... 28-Peanut Butter Cookie Oatmeal -1 cup old-fashioned oats -2 1/2 cups water -1/4 teaspoon salt - ... Remove from heat and add peanut butter. Stir until peanut butter melts. ... In mixing bowl, combine ginger, garlic, peanut butter, broth, soy sauce, chili oil, lime juice, honey and cilantro. Mix well ...
... guns vs butter-a government that wants to produce more armaments is... ... "By Christmas of 1942 a serious shortage of butter and other fats had developed" and throughout 1943 and 1944 butter was ... Guns vs Butter-Crowding In, Crowding Out, and World War II. By Matthew Yglesias ... As a simple rule of thumb guns-vs-butter and tradeoffs works. In the long term, if you keep making more and more guns youll ...
... garlic butter turkey from Waitrose. Find more recipes at Waitrose.com ... Preheat the oven to 180°C, gas mark 4. Put the butter, garlic, lemon zest and parsley in a small bowl. Season well and mix to ... Gently push ½ the butter mixture under the skin of the turkey, being careful not to rip it, then rub the remainder all over the ... To keep the turkey juicy, rub garlic butter under the skin. It adds a wonderful depth of flavour to the meat. For a festive ...
Browse our wide selection of Butter for Delivery or Drive Up & Go to pick up at the store! ... Shop Lulubelles Organic Butter Salted - 16 OZ from Safeway. ...
Recipe developer Hayley MacLean came up with this wonderful recipe for lemon gooey butter cookies, and its an absolute must- ... Start with the butter and the cream cheese. As a reminder, you should have kept them both out at room temperature, making ... In a large bowl, cream together the butter, cream cheese, lemon zest, and lemon juice. Add the sugar and mix until creamy. Add ... Recipe developer Hayley MacLean came up with this wonderful recipe for lemon gooey butter cookies, and its an absolute must- ...
... where well-dressed waiters served peanut butter dumplings alongside expensive wine. These days, though, peanut butter dumplings ... Peanut Butter Dumplings. A unique take on Szechuan dumplings is now a Montreal specialty.. ... If you havent heard of peanut butter dumplings, youre not alone. These steamed meat dumplings-topped with a sauce of peanut ... The addition of Kraft-brand peanut butter (only available in Australia and Canada) was likely an adjustment to North American ...
With this simple compound butter recipe for coffee butter, you can have your morning coffee on your toast or pancakes. ... Coffee Butter With this simple compound butter recipe for coffee butter, you can have your morning coffee on your toast or ... Combine butter, powdered sugar and dissolved espresso in small bowl. Beat until well combined; set aside. ...
This peanut butter-banana cinnamon toast recipe is simple, healthy and delicious. Add this one to your daily breakfast rotation ... What Peanut Butter Should I Use? There are many varieties of peanut butter to choose from at the supermarket. But which peanut ... Can I Swap in a Different Nut Butter? Absolutely! We recommend using nut butters with a natural label; confirm that the ... Sprinkle the peanut butter-banana toast with cinnamon to taste. This spice cabinet staple has been touted for its blood sugar- ...
Make churning butter fun and easy with the glass Dazey Butter Churn, found only at Lehmans. ... Shop our online store for Lehmans Dazey Butter Churn. ... Lehmans Dazey Butter Churn Discover Our Glass Dazey Butter ... Discover Our Glass Dazey Butter Churns. Find Them Only at Lehmans!. Long revered as the best butter churn design available, ... Glass Dazey butter churns are the original, since 1904. We now offer a smaller size with the same Dazey quality that you know. ...
Butter. The collection of seeds contributes to the reduction of the areas destined for manioc plantations and brings ... Beraca Tucumã Butter is rich in lauric acid. It helps maintain skins moisture balance and strengthens hair fiber. Thank to its ... Beraca and Clariant work with communities in the north of Brazil to collect the seeds to produce Beraca Tucumã Butter. The ...
Try this Peanut Butter Mounds recipe, or contribute your own. ... 1/4 c Butter; (1/2 of a stick) * 3 c Quick rolling oats; ... Peanut Butter Mounds 1/3 c Peanuts 1/2 c milk 1/3 c Cocoa 2 ts Vanilla 2 c Sugar 1/4 c Butter; (1/2 of a stick) 3 c Quick ... Mix sugar and cocoa in a large sauceadd butter and milk. bring the sugar mixture to a rolling boil; stir costantly. boil just 2 ... boil just 2 minutes (watch the clock!) remove sugar mixture from heat; add rolled oats, peanut butter, and vanilla. mix ...
BTS drops new track Butter ahead of Billboard Music Awards performance By Chuck Arnold Social Links for Chuck Arnold * View ... "Smooth like butter/Like a criminal undercover/Gon pop like trouble/Breakin into your heart like that," they boast in their ... K-pop boy band BTS released a new dance song, "Butter," and a boogie-filled music video on Friday.. Photo courtesy of BIGHIT ... And as they say in the "Butter" lyrics, the heartbreaking gang of seven definitely "got that superstar glow" as they boogie and ...
... but sometimes you need a simple brown butter chicken dinner. ... Chicken and Potatoes With Brown Butter Sauce. Be the first to ... Meanwhile, cook 3 tablespoons butter in a saucepan over medium-low, swirling pan occasionally, until butter is golden brown and ... Newfangled vegetable bowls and cabbage wraps are great, but sometimes you need a simple brown butter chicken dinner. If thats ... While those roast, youll make a classic French brown butter sauce with chopped parsley, salty capers, and lemon juice to ...
... you cant bring a whole jar of peanut butter through airport security. ... Peanut butter is a liquid, TSA says. Whether its creamy or crunchy, its not allowed in your carry-on. ... I tried to take peanut butter through airport security.. TSA: Sorry, no liquids, gels, or aerosols.. Me: I want you to tell me ... While the TSA website has long warned travelers that peanut butter needs to be under the 3.4 fluid ounce limit for liquids in ...
Spoon the butter onto a piece of wax paper and roll into a long sausage. Twist the ends and refrigerate until it hardens. The ... Beat the butter for 3 minutes or until light and fluffy. Squeeze the soft, roasted garlic out of the skins and add it, along ... Arrange the meat on a warmed platter on top of a bed of steamed green beans and top with a slice of herb butter. Work quickly ... How to use the garlic butter: Select two good quality sirloin steaks without too much fat and rub the meat with the olive oil, ...
  • I have enough peanut butter here to choke a horse. (berkeley.edu)
  • Peanut butter is going the same way as crisps (potato chips). (berkeley.edu)
  • Its getting as hard to find ordinary plain peanut butter as ordinary plain crisps. (berkeley.edu)
  • Peanut butter on celery? (berkeley.edu)
  • Chris, celery stuffed with peanut butter is a pretty common snack for children on this side of the pond. (berkeley.edu)
  • Can Peanut Butter Go Bad? (livescience.com)
  • Peanut butter has a long shelf-life for many reasons, but can it go bad? (livescience.com)
  • You get a hankering for a peanut butter and jelly sandwich, and after rooting around in the pantry you discover a neglected plastic jar of PB - score! (livescience.com)
  • Peanut butter is gooey and delicious, yet it can remain at room temperature for months without spoiling . (livescience.com)
  • Peanut butter can go rancid in about a year and lose its flavor. (livescience.com)
  • While fungi and bacteria won't ruin your peanut butter, oxygenation eventually will. (livescience.com)
  • The axiom that tasty foods are fatty foods is certainly true in the case of peanut butter. (livescience.com)
  • Label-lookers will notice that peanut butter is full of fat, sporting some 16 grams in a two-tablespoon serving. (livescience.com)
  • In addition to its natural peanut oil, peanut butters often contain other vegetable oils such as cottonseed, soybean and rapeseed. (livescience.com)
  • So despite feeling wet and greasy, peanut butter is actually extremely dry, with a moisture content of about 2 percent, according to Lydia Botham, the public affairs director for Land O'Lakes Inc. Without water, most bacteria and fungi can't survive. (livescience.com)
  • Aridity is the chief way that peanut butter and other unrefrigerated comestibles, such as pasta and cereal, hold corruption at bay. (livescience.com)
  • This happens normally in peanut butter and can be resolved simply by stirring. (livescience.com)
  • As peanut butter is exposed to more and more oxygen over its lifetime, it becomes likelier to undergo this decay. (livescience.com)
  • Fortunately, peanut butter is blessed with high amounts of the natural antioxidant vitamin E. This nutrient helps stave off oxidation and prolongs PB's shelf life, according to Richard Faulks, a senior scientist at the Institute of Food Research in Norwich, England. (livescience.com)
  • Health-wise, however, rancid peanut butter is not something to really worry about. (livescience.com)
  • So maybe the peanut butter that you rescued from culinary limbo, which is now cementing your mouth closed as you crush that PB&J, is actually rotten and would taste disgusting to anybody else. (livescience.com)
  • As you reflect on the last few nibbles, you may ponder the biggest question about peanut butter, and one that science can't answer: So which is better anyway, crunchy or smooth? (livescience.com)
  • Smooth peanut butter and two types of chocolate make up this version of the beloved peanut butter cup. (marthastewart.com)
  • Melt milk chocolate with peanut butter in a double boiler or a heatproof bowl set over a pan of simmering water, stirring. (marthastewart.com)
  • Drizzle chocolate-peanut butter mixture over bittersweet chocolate, and swirl with a skewer. (marthastewart.com)
  • Companies recalled foods made with Jif brand peanut butter, such as snack trays and chocolates. (cdc.gov)
  • Recalled peanut butter and foods made with recalled peanut butter should no longer be available in stores, but peanut butter can have a very long shelf life. (cdc.gov)
  • Check any Jif peanut butter you have at home to make sure it was not recalled. (cdc.gov)
  • It's peanut butter and jelly. (yourdictionary.com)
  • I pushed the door slowly and found a case of water bottles, bread, peanut butter , crackers, cheese and several sealed containers of fruits and puddings. (yourdictionary.com)
  • Remove from heat and add peanut butter. (yahoo.com)
  • Stir until peanut butter melts. (yahoo.com)
  • In non-metal container, marinate meat in half of peanut butter sauce 1-2 hours in refrigerator. (yahoo.com)
  • If you haven't heard of peanut butter dumplings, you're not alone. (atlasobscura.com)
  • These steamed meat dumplings-topped with a sauce of peanut butter, soy sauce, Szechuan peppercorns, and sugar-hail from Montreal's Chinese restaurants. (atlasobscura.com)
  • The addition of Kraft-brand peanut butter (only available in Australia and Canada) was likely an adjustment to North American tastes. (atlasobscura.com)
  • According to Saveur, the first establishment to serve recognizable peanut butter dumplings was the long-closed Montreal restaurant Le Piment Rouge , where well-dressed waiters served peanut butter dumplings alongside expensive wine. (atlasobscura.com)
  • These days, though, peanut butter dumplings are a more everyday specialty, and they are heavy enough to be welcome after a night of drinking. (atlasobscura.com)
  • This Chinatown venue seves peanut butter dumplings. (atlasobscura.com)
  • This long-running Chinese restaurant is famed for its peanut butter dumplings. (atlasobscura.com)
  • This satisfying peanut butter-banana toast gets a sprinkle of cinnamon for an extra flavor boost. (eatingwell.com)
  • What Peanut Butter Should I Use? (eatingwell.com)
  • There are many varieties of peanut butter to choose from at the supermarket. (eatingwell.com)
  • But which peanut butter is the healthiest? (eatingwell.com)
  • We recommend using natural peanut butter, which is made with just peanuts and sometimes a little salt. (eatingwell.com)
  • Read more about which peanut butter is best to use . (eatingwell.com)
  • Sprinkle the peanut butter-banana toast with cinnamon to taste. (eatingwell.com)
  • Spread toast with peanut butter and top with banana slices. (eatingwell.com)
  • Try this Peanut Butter Mounds recipe, or contribute your own. (bigoven.com)
  • add rolled oats, peanut butter, and vanilla. (bigoven.com)
  • This Chicken Mole recipe uses peanut butter to make a creamy base. (nih.gov)
  • A prudent, informed consumer is about to open a jar of peanut butter. (cdc.gov)
  • Like most Americans, she always has peanut butter at home. (cdc.gov)
  • If she eats the peanut butter and gets salmonellosis, then she has to pay for treatment and lose work time. (cdc.gov)
  • If she throws out the peanut butter, she will lose its $3 cost. (cdc.gov)
  • If she waits a month, she will incur the opportunity cost of the money tied up in the peanut butter. (cdc.gov)
  • If she waits a month, then the peanut butter might lose taste or nutritional value, or somehow "go bad. (cdc.gov)
  • If she eats from the jar and it has any Salmonella bacteria, she will probably consume some of the bacteria, given how peanut butter is made. (cdc.gov)
  • Given that most Americans eat peanut butter, her chances must be smaller-unless there are problems. (cdc.gov)
  • The objective was to evaluate the associations between nut and peanut butter consumption and the risk of esophageal and gastric cancers and their different subtypes. (nih.gov)
  • Intake of nuts and peanut butter were assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire. (nih.gov)
  • Compared to non-consumers of nuts or peanut butter, participants in the highest category of nut consumption (C3) had a lower risk of developing gastric non-cardia adenocarcinoma (C3 vs. C0 HR=0.73, 95% CI=0.57, 0.94). (nih.gov)
  • This inverse association was also seen for peanut butter consumption (C3 vs. C0 HR=0.75, 95% CI=0.60, 0.94). (nih.gov)
  • We observed no significant associations between intake of nuts or peanut butter and risk of other subtypes. (nih.gov)
  • Conclusions: Both nut and peanut butter consumption were inversely associated with the risk of gastric non-cardia adenocarcinoma. (nih.gov)
  • Recipe developer Hayley MacLean came up with this wonderful recipe for lemon gooey butter cookies, and it's an absolute must-try. (tastingtable.com)
  • With this simple compound butter recipe for coffee butter, you can have your morning coffee on your toast or pancakes. (landolakes.com)
  • With a nutty graham cracker crust, creamy, slightly tangy filling, and salty-sweet butter pecan topping, this dessert is truly over the top. (southernliving.com)
  • Butter and other animal fats and solid margarine may not be the best choices. (medlineplus.gov)
  • When you cook, solid margarine or butter is not the best choice. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Use olive or canola oil instead of butter or margarine. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Fortification of Margarine/butter was reported during the WHO Global Nutrition Policy Review (GNPR) 2009-2010. (who.int)
  • NTP studies on artificial butter flavorings and their components were designed to provide animal toxicity data needed by regulatory agencies to set inhalation exposure limits that will protect workers. (nih.gov)
  • An overview of Genetic Toxicology Micronucleus Rats study conclusions related to Artificial Butter Flavorings. (nih.gov)
  • In a medium sized bowl, whisk the hot water into the cashew butter until the mixture is smooth and blended. (naturespath.com)
  • Gently push ½ the butter mixture under the skin of the turkey, being careful not to rip it, then rub the remainder all over the outside of the bird. (waitrose.com)
  • Mix sugar and cocoa in a large sauceadd butter and milk. (bigoven.com)
  • The butter is made up of a variety of beneficial fatty acids (the building block of fats), including omega-9 oleic acid, which conditions the skin and hair. (lush.com)
  • "By Christmas of 1942 a serious shortage of butter and other fats had developed" and throughout 1943 and 1944 butter was rationed at home to make sure everyone got a little with plenty left over for the troops. (slate.com)
  • Combine butter, powdered sugar and dissolved espresso in small bowl. (landolakes.com)
  • On low heat, add the butter slices, and whisk slowly until all of the butter has melted into the sauce. (webexhibits.org)
  • Although the rich butter pecan sauce really steals the show, you'll be amazed by the silky-smooth texture of this Butter Pecan Cheesecake. (southernliving.com)
  • uncountable) Any of various foodstuffs made from other foods or oils, similar in consistency to, eaten like or intended as a substitute for butter ( preceded by the name of the food used to make it ). (yourdictionary.com)
  • Serve coffee butter on cinnamon swirl toast or your favorite pancakes. (landolakes.com)
  • Clarify the butter [link to clarifying butter page], and let cool for 10 minutes. (webexhibits.org)
  • As Europe went to war in 1939 and the United States started arming itself butter consumption actually went up not down . (slate.com)
  • To keep the turkey juicy, rub garlic butter under the skin. (waitrose.com)
  • Put the butter, garlic, lemon zest and parsley in a small bowl. (waitrose.com)
  • Whisk in the clarified butter in a thin but steady stream. (webexhibits.org)
  • Join in the fun by sending your favorite tips for cooking with butter, or your tried-and-true recipes. (webexhibits.org)
  • Smooth like butter/Like a criminal undercover/Gon' pop like trouble/Breakin' into your heart like that," they boast in their best attempt at some hip-hop swag. (nypost.com)
  • Stir together graham cracker crumbs, brown sugar, cooled toasted pecans, and remaining 6 tablespoons melted butter in a medium bowl. (southernliving.com)
  • It produces oil-rich seeds that can be transformed into a luxurious butter. (lush.com)
  • There is no waste from the fruit harvest: the sweet and sour pulp is edible, the shell is used to make compost, and the seeds are fermented, dried and pressed to obtain butter. (lush.com)
  • Beraca and Clariant work with communities in the north of Brazil to collect the seeds to produce Beraca Tucumã Butter. (clariant.com)
  • Low moisture levels and high oil content keep this butter from going bad for quite some time, but don't go ignoring that expiration date just yet. (livescience.com)
  • Prepare the Topping: Bring brown sugar, butter, cream, and salt to a boil in a small saucepan over medium. (southernliving.com)
  • Start by getting some unsalted butter and cream cheese. (tastingtable.com)
  • Start with the butter and the cream cheese. (tastingtable.com)
  • Results of search for 'au:'Butter, Irene. (who.int)
  • The cupuaçu fruits used to make the butter in Lush products are farmed by a cooperative in the Amazon rainforest. (lush.com)
  • The cupuaçu and the cacao tree are relatives ( Theobroma genus) and cupuaçu butter is sometimes used to make white chocolate. (lush.com)
  • Butter is the principal export, and petroleum, coal and iron the imports. (yourdictionary.com)
  • In the long term, if you keep making more and more guns you'll end up with less butter. (slate.com)
  • Long revered as the best butter churn design available, Lehman's has brought the Dazey churn back after a long hiatus. (lehmans.com)
  • In 2007, artificial butter flavoring (ABF) and two major volatile constituents, diacetyl and acetoin, were nominated by the United Food and Commercial Workers Union for long-term inhalation testing for respiratory toxicity, general toxicity, and carcinogenicity. (nih.gov)
  • Diacetyl is a naturally occurring substance that gives butter its characteristic flavor and aroma, and is often a component of artificial flavoring formulations. (nih.gov)
  • For comparison purposes, butter from an udder has somewhere in the range of 17 percent water by volume, and must therefore be kept at a chilly temperature to retard bacterial and fungal proliferation. (livescience.com)
  • We now offer a size for every occasion, from making a stick of butter for this evening's meal to making big batches to last. (lehmans.com)
  • Just read below to find the Dazey Butter Churn you need. (lehmans.com)