A plant genus of the family BURSERACEAE. Members contain a PODOPHYLLOTOXIN.
SESQUITERPENES cyclized to one 10-carbon ring.
A plant genus of the family SIMAROUBACEAE. Members produce quassinoids.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The unconsolidated mineral or organic matter on the surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of land plants.
A plant species of the genus ARTEMISIA, family ASTERACEAE that has been used in ABSINTHE. The oil contains neurotoxic 1-thujone and d-isothujone.
Oils which evaporate readily. The volatile oils occur in aromatic plants, to which they give odor and other characteristics. Most volatile oils consist of a mixture of two or more TERPENES or of a mixture of an eleoptene (the more volatile constituent of a volatile oil) with a stearopten (the more solid constituent). The synonym essential oils refers to the essence of a plant, as its perfume or scent, and not to its indispensability.
A unicellular budding fungus which is the principal pathogenic species causing CANDIDIASIS (moniliasis).
A plant genus of the family ZYGOPHYLLACEAE. Feruloyltyramine, balanitoside (a furostanol glycoside), and cytostatic steroidal saponins have been found in this genus. B. aegyptiaca fruit water extract is traditionally used as an anthelmintic in the Sudan.
A plant genus of the family FABACEAE that contains julibroside (triterpenoid saponins).
Oils derived from plants or plant products.
Substances that destroy fungi by suppressing their ability to grow or reproduce. They differ from FUNGICIDES, INDUSTRIAL because they defend against fungi present in human or animal tissues.
Resinous substances which most commonly originate from trees. In addition to resins, they contain oils, cinnamic acid and BENZOIC ACID.
A substance, extract, or preparation for diffusing or imparting an agreeable or attractive smell, especially a fluid containing fragrant natural oils extracted from flowers, woods, etc., or similar synthetic oils. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.
A plant genus in the family PINACEAE, order Pinales, class Pinopsida, division Coniferophyta. Balm of Gilead is a common name more often referring to POPULUS and sometimes to COMMIPHORA.
A plant family in the order Sapindales that grows in warmer regions and has conspicuous flowers.
A plant family of the order Sapindales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are resinous trees and shrubs with alternate leaves composed of many leaflets.
The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.
A cluster of FLOWERS (as opposed to a solitary flower) arranged on a main stem of a plant.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. Members contain quinoline alkaloids.
A plant genus of the family RUTACEAE. Some members of Zanthoxylum are reclassified from ELEUTHEROCOCCUS, Melicope, and EVODIA. The twigs are used as dental brushing sticks (TOOTHBRUSHING). Most plants that are called Fagara have been reclassified as Zanthoxylum, however some Fagara were reclassified to MELICOPE (also in the Rutacea family) or to GLEDITSIA (a genus in the FABACEAE family).
The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.
A climate which is typical of equatorial and tropical regions, i.e., one with continually high temperatures with considerable precipitation, at least during part of the year. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The study of plant lore and agricultural customs of a people. In the fields of ETHNOMEDICINE and ETHNOPHARMACOLOGY, the emphasis is on traditional medicine and the existence and medicinal uses of PLANTS and PLANT EXTRACTS and their constituents, both historically and in modern times.
PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
Expanded structures, usually green, of vascular plants, characteristically consisting of a bladelike expansion attached to a stem, and functioning as the principal organ of photosynthesis and transpiration. (American Heritage Dictionary, 2d ed)
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
A genus of brown-rot fungi in the family Coriolaceae. The biologically active ingredients of its species have potential pharmaceutical value.
Seedless nonflowering plants of the class Filicinae. They reproduce by spores that appear as dots on the underside of feathery fronds. In earlier classifications the Pteridophyta included the club mosses, horsetails, ferns, and various fossil groups. In more recent classifications, pteridophytes and spermatophytes (seed-bearing plants) are classified in the Subkingdom Tracheobionta (also known as Tracheophyta).
A plant family of the order Orchidales, subclass Liliidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). All orchids have the same bilaterally symmetrical flower structure, with three sepals, but the flowers vary greatly in color and shape.
The tree which is known for its bark which is sold as cinnamon. The oil contains about 65-80% cinnamaldehyde and 10% EUGENOL and many TERPENES.
Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.
Any of the DNA in between gene-coding DNA, including untranslated regions, 5' and 3' flanking regions, INTRONS, non-functional pseudogenes, and non-functional repetitive sequences. This DNA may or may not encode regulatory functions.
A cinnamon-colored strain of Long-Evans rats which carries a mutation causing fulminant hepatitis and jaundice, with an associated gross accumulation of copper in the liver. This strain is a model for Wilson's Disease (see HEPATOLENTICULAR DEGENERATION).
The prevention of growth and or spread of unwanted plants.
A genus of the family CEBIDAE consisting of four species: S. boliviensis, S. orstedii (red-backed squirrel monkey), S. sciureus (common squirrel monkey), and S. ustus. They inhabit tropical rain forests in Central and South America. S. sciureus is used extensively in research studies.
A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Santo Domingo. With Haiti, it forms the island of Hispaniola - the Dominican Republic occupying the eastern two thirds, and Haiti, the western third. It was created in 1844 after a revolt against the rule of President Boyer over the entire island of Hispaniola, itself visited by Columbus in 1492 and settled the next year. Except for a brief period of annexation to Spain (1861-65), it has been independent, though closely associated with the United States. Its name comes from the Spanish Santo Domingo, Holy Sunday, with reference to its discovery on a Sunday. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338, 506 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)
A genus of large OPOSSUMS in the family Didelphidae, found in the Americas. The species Didelphis virginiana is prominent in North America.
A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.
Small, hairy, moth-like flies which are of considerable public health importance as vectors of certain pathogenic organisms. Important disease-related genera are PHLEBOTOMUS, Lutzomyia, and Sergentomyia.
Personal names, given or surname, as cultural characteristics, as ethnological or religious patterns, as indications of the geographic distribution of families and inbreeding, etc. Analysis of isonymy, the quality of having the same or similar names, is useful in the study of population genetics. NAMES is used also for the history of names or name changes of corporate bodies, such as medical societies, universities, hospitals, government agencies, etc.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.
Tracts of land completely surrounded by water.
Aid for consistent recording of data such as tasks completed and observations noted.

A new and known cytotoxic aryltetralin-type lignans from stems of Bursera graveolens. (1/8)

A new 4alpha-aryltetralin-type lignan called burseranin (1) and a known analogous lignan picropolygamain (2) were isolated along with known triterpenes, lupeol and epi-lupeol from the methanol extract of stems of Bursera graveolens, which showed a remarkable inhibitory activity against human HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells. The whole structure of 1 was established based on combined spectral studies and the absolute structure for 2 was first confirmed by CD spectral evidence. In addition, cytotoxic activities of the stem (methanol) extract and its components are evaluated in this paper.  (+info)

Timing the origin and expansion of the Mexican tropical dry forest. (2/8)

Macroevolution examines the temporal patterns of biological diversity in deep time. When combined with biogeography, it can provide unique information about the historical changes in the distribution of communities and biomes. Here I document temporal and spatial changes of diversity in the genus Bursera and relate them to the origin and expansion of the tropical dry forests of Mexico. Bursera is very old, highly adapted to warm dry conditions, and a dominant member of the Mexican tropical dry forest. These characteristics make it a useful indicator of the history of this vegetation. I used a time-calibrated phylogeny to estimate Bursera's diversification rate at different times over the last 60 million years. I also reconstructed the geographic center and time of origin of all species and nodes from information on current distributions. Results show that between 30 and 20 million years ago, Bursera began a relatively rapid diversification. This suggests that conditions were favorable for its radiation and thus, very probably for the establishment of the dry forest as well. The oldest lineages diverged mostly in Western Mexico, whereas the more recent lineages diverged in the south-central part of the country. This suggests that the tropical dry forest probably first established in the west and then expanded south and east. The timing of the radiations in these areas corresponds to that suggested for formations of the mountainous systems in Western and Central Mexico, which have been previously recognized as critical for the persistence of the Mexican dry forest.  (+info)

The impact of herbivore-plant coevolution on plant community structure. (3/8)

Coevolutionary theory proposes that the diversity of chemical structures found in plants is, in large part, the result of selection by herbivores. Because herbivores often feed on chemically similar plants, they should impose selective pressures on plants to diverge chemically or bias community assembly toward chemical divergence. Using a coevolved interaction between a group of chrysomelid beetles and their host plants, I tested whether coexisting plants of the Mexican tropical dry forest tend to be chemically more dissimilar than random. Results show that some of the communities are chemically overdispersed and that overdispersion is related to the tightness of the interaction between plants and herbivores and the spatial scale at which communities are measured. As coevolutionary specialization increases and spatial scale decreases, communities tend to be more chemically dissimilar. At fairly local scales and where herbivores have tight, one-to-one interactions with plants, communities have a strong pattern of chemical disparity.  (+info)

Parthenocarpy and seed predation by insects in Bursera morelensis. (4/8)

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Sources and sinks of diversification and conservation priorities for the Mexican tropical dry forest. (5/8)

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Macroevolutionary chemical escalation in an ancient plant-herbivore arms race. (6/8)

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Germacrene D, a common sesquiterpene in the genus Bursera (Burseraceae). (7/8)

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Cytotoxic podophyllotoxin type-lignans from the steam bark of Bursera fagaroides var. fagaroides. (8/8)

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The candidiasis caused by C. albicans is a public health problem. The abuse of antifungals has contributed to the development of resistance. B. morelensis has demonstrated antibacterial and antifungal activities. In this work the activity of the essential oil of B. morelensis was evaluated and for its two pure compounds with analysis of the different mechanisms of pathogenesis important for C. albicans. The essential oil was obtained by the hydro-distillation method and analyzed using GC-MS. The anti-Candida activity was compared between to essential oil, α-Pinene and γ-Terpinene. GC-MS of the essential oil demonstrated the presence of 13 compounds. The essential oil showed antifungal activity against four C. albicans strains. The most sensitive strain was C. albicans 14065 (MFC 2.0 mg/mL and MIC50 0.125 mg/mL) with α-Pinene and γ-Terpinene having MFCs of 4.0 and 16.0 mg/mL respectively. The essential oil inhibited the growth of the germ tube in 87.94% (8.0 mg/mL). Furthermore, it was observed that
The genus Bursera produces resin stored in canals in the leaf. When leaves are damaged, some, but not all, species release… Expand ...
beta-peltatin A methyl ether: isolated from Mexican plant Bursera fagaroides; antitumor agent of podophyllotoxin (III) class; RN given refers to (5alpha,5beta,8aalpha)-isomer
Palo Santo Anointing Essential Oil. Bursera graveolens oil, holy wood oil; origin: Peru; method of cultivation: wild crafted; plant material: wood; carrier oil: fractionated coconut; anointing oil : 5% dilution
1 Japa Mala Bracelet 21ct palo santo (Bursera Graveolens) 9mm prayer beads; This aromatic wood belongs to the same family as frankincense and myrrh
This rare 100% pure Palo Santo Essential oil, Bursera graveolens, is distilled in small quantities from sustainably harvested wood from Peru. It has a fine citr
Bursera microphylla (BM), one of the common elephant trees, is widely distributed in the Sonoran Desert in Mexico. The Seri ethnic group in the Sonoran Desert uses BM as an anti-inflammatory and painkiller drug for the treatment of sore throat, herpes labialis, abscessed tooth, and wound healing. Dried stems and leaves of BM are used in a tea to relieve painful urination and to stimulate bronchial secretion. Furthermore, BM is used for fighting venereal diseases. To investigate the effects of the hexane fraction of resin methanol extract (BM-H) on cell growth, the acute myeloid cell line (OCI-AML3) was treated with 250, 25, or 2 ...
Two views of three small trees and a shrub. The trees are, starting from forward left hand corner in the photo directly below are: Matacora (Jatropha cuneata), Torote Prieto (Bursera […]. ...
The average temperature in a tropical dry forest is approximately 63 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperatures are generally higher during most months of the year in these regions....
The Hawaiian Islands are an ideal location to study the response of tropical forests to climate variability because of their extreme isolation in the middle of the Pacific, which makes them especially sensitive to El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO). Most research examining the response of tropical forests to drought or El Niño have focused on rainforests, however, tropical dry forests cover a l ...
The effect of local land use and landscape setting on aerial insectivorous bats in the tropical dry forest zone of Western Mexico ...
Vast sandy deserts nearly devoid of life, almost as desolate steppes, little rain and hard-to-survive summer day heat. This is what Tropical Dry climates feel like.. Continue reading ». ...
crookedvulture writes AMDs next-generation Kaveri APU is now available, and the first reviews have hit the web. The chip combines updated Steamroller CPU cores with integrated graphics based on the latest Radeon graphics cards. Its also infused with a dedicated TrueAudio DSP, a faster memory in...
Gumbo-limbo is a very useful plant economically and ecologically. It is well adapted to several kinds of habitats, which include salty and calcareous soils (however, it does not tolerate boggy soils). Due to this fact and its rapid growth, B. simaruba is planted for various purposes, notably in coastal areas. In addition, gumbo-limbo is also considered one of the most wind-tolerant trees, and it is recommended as a rugged, hurricane-resistant species in south Florida. They may be planted to serve as wind protection of crops and roads, or as living fence posts, and if simply stuck into good soil, small branches will readily root and grow into sizeable trees in a few years. However, it has been noted in Central America that posts do not produce a tap root, only side roots, thus questioning the real value of wind protection as such fence posts would not be as sturdy as a true, naturally occurring sapling. In addition, gumbo-limbo wood is suitable for light construction[7] and as firewood, and the ...
Janet Franklin has been a Professor of Biology and Adjunct Professor of Geography at San Diego State University, where she was on the faculty from 1988-2009. In 2009 she joined the faculty of Arizona State University as a Professor in the Schools of Geographical Sciences and Life Sciences. She received the Bachelors degree on Environmental Biology (1979), the Master of Arts (1983), and the PhD (1988) in Geography, all from the University of California, Santa Barbara. Her research interests include biogeography, landscape ecology, plant ecology, biophysical remote sensing, digital terrain analysis, and geographic information science. She has conducted research on plant community composition, structure, dynamics and spatio-temporal patterns in Mediterranean-climate ecosystems, deserts, tropical dry forests and rain forests. She was the Editor of The Professional Geographer (1997-2000) Board Member of Landscape Ecology (2000-5), and Associate Editor of Journal of Vegetation Science (1999-2006). ...
Instructions for use: After applying [Rahua Shampoo id398922], leave conditioner in for three minutes and then rinse To use as a styling cream, leave in hair and style as usual 275ml/9.3 fl.oz. Ingredients: Aqua, Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract*, Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract*, Rubus Idaeus (Raspberry) Leaf Extract*, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract*, Behentrimonium Methosulfate (Colza Oil), Stearalkonium Chloride (Plant Derived), Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil, Glycerin, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter), Saccharum Officinarum (Molasses) Extract, Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil, Glyceryl Stearate, Oenocarpus Bataua (Rahua, Ungurahua) Oil, Bursera Graveolens (Palo Santo) Oil, Lecithin, Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Wax, Potassium Sorbate (Plant Derived), Tocopherol (Vitamin E), Hydrolyzed Quinoa, Panthenol, Citric Acid * Denotes Organic Ingredient
Research on the gut microbiota of free-ranging mammals is offering new insights into dietary ecology. However, for free-ranging primates, little information is available for how microbiomes are influenced by ecological variation through time. Primates inhabiting seasonal tropical dry forests undergo seasonally specific decreases in food abundance and water availability, which have been linked to adverse health effects. Throughout the course of a seasonal transition in 2014, we collected fecal samples from three social groups of free-ranging white-faced capuchin monkeys (Cebus capucinus imitator) in Sector Santa Rosa, Área de Conservación Guanacaste, Costa Rica. 16S rRNA sequencing data reveal that unlike other primates, the white-faced capuchin monkey gut is dominated by Bifidobacterium and Streptococcus. Linear mixed effects models indicate that abundances of these genera are associated with fluctuating availability and consumption of fruit and arthropods, whereas beta diversity clusters by rainfall
The potential positive effects of herbivores on plants have been the subject of debates for decades. While traditionally, herbivory was considered to have a negative impact on plants, some studies also reported possible mutualism between plants and herbivores. Plant defences, and in particular tolerance and resistance, seem to play an important role in shaping plant-herbivore interactions. The aim of this study is to show how a direct plant compensation mechanism translates into apparent compensation, i.e. the long-term biomass response to herbivory, in simple plant-herbivore models. A special emphasis is then put on how it interacts with resistance mechanisms. A qualitative study of the proposed models shows that they can exhibit different plant-herbivore patterns, including neutral, antagonistic (negative apparent compensation) and mutualistic (positive apparent compensation) interactions. Moreover, it is shown that density dependence plays a crucial role since, for a given system, the realized plant
We are a group of scientists and students from diverse backgrounds with a shared passion for ecology, and for plant communities and forest ecosystems in particular. We study how global environmental changes in climate, land-use (including forest management), biogeochemical cycles, ecosystem trophic structure, and invasions of non-native species affect biodiversity and the structure and function of terrestrial plant communities and forested ecosystems. Our goal is to advance ecological theory and to apply it in improving practices in ecosystem management, restoration, and nature conservation. We are interested in conceptual questions rather than particular plant taxa or ecosystems; consequently, our studies examine diverse plant groups (e.g., trees, herbs, and bryophytes) in varied ecological settings (e.g., temperate conifer and deciduous forests, tropical dry forests, old-fields, and tree-grass ecosystems) and locations (e.g., eastern U.S., Midwest, and the Pacific Northwest; northwestern ...
Longino and and Boudinot (2013) - Knowledge of the biology of the Rhopalothrix isthmica clade of Rhopalothrix is conjectural; a nest has never been recovered and a live specimen never seen. What we know is based on locations and frequencies of capture using various mass-sampling methods. Specimens are known from wet to moderately seasonal forest, from sea level to 2140 m elevation. At higher elevation, they are found in diverse mesophyll forest and in forests with various combinations of Liquidambar and montane oak. In Costa Rica, they are restricted to the wet forests of the Atlantic slope, to 1500 m on the Barva Transect in the Cordillera Volcánica Central and to 800 m in the Cordillera de Tilarán. The genus is unknown from the Monteverde cloud forest at 1500 m, the lowland wet forests of the Osa Peninsula, and the lowland tropical dry forests of Guanacaste, in spite of intensive collecting efforts in these areas. Further north in Central America they can occur at higher elevations. In ...
Wittmackia includes 44 species. Aguirre-Santoro et al. (2016) sampled 41 of these 44 species in their phylogenetic study. The species of Wittmackia are mainly distributed in two centers of diversity. The first area is located in the central corridor of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest in south-eastern Bahia state, with a few species occurring north from Ceara to Sergipe states. The second center of diversity corresponds to Jamaica in addition to a small group of species occurring in the remaining Greater Antilles (except Hispaniola), their adjacent islands west of the Caribbean, and the Yucatan Peninsula. Wittmackia lingulata is the only widespread species in the group, occurring along the tropical Atlantic coast, Panama and the Caribbean, except for the major islands of the Greater Antilles. The species of Wittmackia inhabit a wide variety of environments from hygrophilous mountainous forests to dry habitats in semi-deciduous forests and tropical dry forest. Most species of Wittmackia occur in ...
EN] A genetic model for the parthenocarpy in the strain 75/79 was proposed in 1986 by Nuez et al. This parthenocarpic strain was developed at the Max-Planck Institut by Reimann-Philipp. In agreement with this model, 75/79 would be homozygous for the genes pat-3 and pat-4 wich are partially recessive and with independent segregation. In the agroclimatic conditions of the Spanish south-east, the genotypes pat-3 pat-3 + pat-4 and + pat-3 pat-4 pat-4 would be parthenocarpic as well. The expression of the parthenocarpy seems to be influenced by the environmental factors, and for this reason two new experiments have been made during the 1986 and 1987 seasons. Some problems of characterization have been reported when studying the progenies from crosses between the small fruited strain 75/59 and big fruited varieties. Problems arise from the interference between the fruit varieties. Problems arise from the interference between the fruit weight inheritance and parthenocarpic trait, leading to a ...
It is a lowlands inhabitant of tropical dry and moist forest. Generally associated with seasonal flooded areas where it remains under the ground in the dry season. It can be found in forest, thorn scrub, savannah, and cultivated areas with friable soils. It is fossorial except after heavy rains. Eggs and larvae develop in temporary pools formed by heavy rains ...
A cDNA clone encoding a sesquiterpene synthase, (+)-germacrene D synthase, has been isolated from ginger (Zingiber oYcinale). The full-length cDNA (AY860846) contains a 1650-bp open reading frame coding for 550 amino acids (63.8 kDa) with a theoretical pID5.59. The deduced amino acid sequence is 30-46% identical with sequences of other sesquiterpene synthases from angiosperms. The recombinant enzyme, produced in Escherichia coli, catalyzed the formation of a major product, (+)-germacrene D (50.2% of total sesquiterpenoids produced) and a co-product, germacrene B (17.1%) and a number of minor by-products. The optimal pH for the recombinant enzyme is around 7.5. Substantial (+)-germacrene D synthase activity is observed in the presence of Mg2+, Mn2+, Ni2+ or Co2+, while the enzyme is inactive when Cu2+ or Zn2+ is used. The Km- and kcat-values are 0.88 M and 3.34£10¡3 s¡1, respectively. A reaction mechanism involving a double 1,2-hydride shift has been established using deuterium labeled ...
Its incredible to see that this huge, rich natural reserve is located only 30 minutes from Managua. Montibelli is a private reserve that measures more than 160 hectares. The reserve lies on Managuas sierra and its altitude ranges from 360 to 720 meters above sea level. Most of the area is covered with tropical dry forest, and many different types of animals and plants inhabit the reserve. What to expect. Montibelli has a very rich birdlife. Not only can you find woodpeckers, hummingbirds, parrots, vultures, hawks, golden orioles, and motmots (the national bird); the reserve is also inhabited by an impression population of trogons. These brightly colored birds are rare in Nicaragua and Montibelli is one of the very few places where they can be spotted easily. Furthermore, you can encounter mammals, reptiles, and insects. There live opossums, bats, deer, howler monkeys, squirrels, snakes, frogs, lizards, and many other animals. During the raining season tons of butterflies flutter about. There ...
Because the arrays included both up- and down-regulated genes, the calculation of a microarray-specific normalization factor provided a valuable alternative to the use of external reference controls, which may or may not be influenced by the elicitation conditions [2, 20-22]. The measured Cy5 and Cy3 fluorescence intensities were ranked independently, and after discarding the 12.5% maximum and minimum values, the remaining 75% of the values were summed (adapted total intensity normalization, [1]). The array-specific normalization factor was obtained by dividing the calculated sum of Cy3 values by those of the Cy5 values. The ratios of normalized fluorescence values for Cy3 and Cy5 of each individual spot (expression ratio = ER) and the mean of the four replicate spots for each cDNA (2 for each gene = ER1, ER2) were calculated. ERs were subjected to a t-test to determine if the values differed significantly from 1. A transcript was defined as being differentially regulated if both of the ...
Eturnagaram is a village and a mandal in Jayashankar district in the state of Telangana in India. The mandal area is surrounded by a deep forest which includes a southern tropical dry deciduous type of teak and its associates including thiruman, maddi, and bamboo, while the fauna includes several endangered species including tiger, sloth bear, four-horned antelope, chinkara and black buck. It was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1953 because of its bio-diversity. The sanctuary encompasses approximately 806 square kilometres (311 sq mi) in Warangal district. River Godavari also passes through the outskirts of the village. The climate is usually hot round the year. The temperature often reaches 43 °C during summer. There is a sufficient rainfall in the every year. The annual average rainfall is about 1000 mm District Administration - Formation/Reorganization of District, Revenue Divisions and Mandals in Jayashankar District - Final Notification - Orders - Issued (PDF). Jayashankar Bhupalpally ...
The Hispaniolan amazon or Hispaniolan parrot (Amazona ventralis) is a species of parrot in the family Psittacidae. It is found on Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic), and has been introduced to Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The main features that differentiate it from other amazons are the white forehead, pale beak, white eye-ring, blue ear patch, and red belly. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, and plantations. It is threatened in its home range by habitat loss and the capture of individuals for the pet trade. The presence of this bird outside of its native Hispaniola is due to it being introduced, this in part from a release of birds raised in captivity as a studied rehearsal for the re-colonization program of the highly endangered Puerto Rican amazon. As with other amazons, it prefers forested areas where food is plentiful. This parrot lives in the wood ...
Grazing by domestic ungulates can have substantial impacts on forests in arid and semi-arid regions, possibly including severe loss of carbon from the soil. Predicting net livestock impacts on soil organic carbon stocks remains challenging, however, due to the dependence on animal loads and on soil and environmental parameters. The objective of this study was to better understand grazing effects on soil organic carbon in seasonal tropical dry forests of north-eastern Brazil (Caatinga) by quantifying carbon stocks of the upper soil profile (0-5 cm depth) and greater soil depths (,5 cm depth down to bedrock) along a gradient of grazing intensity while accounting for other influencing factors such as soil texture, vegetation, landscape topography, and water availability. We analysed soil organic carbon, soil clay content, altitude above sea level, soil depth to bedrock, distance to the nearest permanent water body, species diversity of perennial plants and aboveground biomass on 45 study plots ...
Available from online pharmacy chemist.net, Batiste Tropical Dry Shampoo has a deliciously exotic fragrance, reviatlises greasy, dull and lifeless hair between washes.
Some horticulturists regard the royal poinciana (Delonix regia) as the most beautiful flowering tree in the world. A partially deciduous tree from Madagascar, it drops leaves in the tropical dry season. The royal poinciana is grown worldwide in tropical regions, where it is also called flamboyant or fire tree. It matures 30 to 50 feet tall. Anytime from late spring to midsummer, the branch tips bear large clusters of orange-red flowers all across the tree canopy. Each blossom comprises five club-shaped or clawlike petals, the uppermost a bit larger with speckles of white. Large dark brown seed pods follow and persist on branches. Grow it in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10 and warmer.. ...
Lover of triathlon, the great outdoors, music of all kinds, turtles, peanut butter, photography, British comedy, coffee, writing, reading, great food, beer samplers, and yes (gasp!), Survivor. Am the wife and best friend of Nathaniel and Mom to an 18.2 pound tiger, er, cat named Tabbitha. Along the way, weve adopted a mini monster kitty called Anabelle. What I lack in coordination and grace, I try to make up with humor. Lets just say that dismounting your bike at 15 mph in front of a large crowd while sporting a swimsuit isnt that great of an idea. Trust me. Will race for Peanut Butter Cups and Peanut M&Ms ...
tags) Want more? The best-known and perhaps most evolutionarily derived example of parthenogenesis in reptiles occurs within the Teiid genus of whiptail lizards known as Cnemidophorus. Parthenogenesis 1. 2001-07, Vegetative parthenocarpy in the cactus pear, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Parthenocarpy&oldid=994007105, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Most commercial seedless grape cultivars, such as Thompson Seedless, are seedless because of not parthenocarpy but, Parthenocarpy is sometimes claimed to be the equivalent of, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 17:43. Among all the sexual vertebrates, the only examples of true parthenogenesis, in which all-female populations reproduce without the involvement of males, are found in squamate reptiles (snakes and lizards). Home gardeners sometimes spray their tomatoes with an auxin to assure fruit production. Another mechanism typically observed in ...
If you have ancillary papers, upload those to the dropbox individually and create separate links. Finally, send a note to the Systematics Listserv letting everyone know that a paper is available. Introductory PowerPoint/KeyNote Presentation: Introduce your topic with a 10- to 15-minute PowerPoint or KeyNote presentation. Dedicate at least 2/3 of that time to placing the subject into the broader context of the subject areas/themes and at most 1/3 of it introducing paper, special definitions, taxa, methods, etc. Never exceed 15 minutes. (For example, for a reading on figs and fig-wasps, broaden the scope to plant-herbivore co-evolution.). Add images, include short movie clips, visit web resources, etc. to keep the presentation engaging. Although your presentation should not be a review of the primary reading, showing key figures from the readings may be helpful (and appreciated). You may also want to provide more detail and background about ancillary readings which likely have not been read by ...
The amphibian fauna of the Kirindy dry forest in western Madagascar Abstracts of chapter 5 and 6 Living apart together - patterns of tadpole communities in a western Madagascan dry forest Whether communities are established in a deterministic or in a stochastic manner depends to a large degree on the spatial scale considered. In this study we use a tadpole community in the dry forest of western Madagascar to show that when within-site habitat diversity is considered, communities may also differ in two community parameters (species composition and species richness) within one geographic scale. Forest ponds and riverbed ponds are two types of breeding habitat that are both used by anurans but that differ generally in their temporal availability, predation pressure, and environmental characteristics. In forest ponds, tadpole communities were very predictable by the physical properties of the ponds and by their vegetation characteristics. In contrast, the riverbed communities were not predictable. ...
Elephant Tree: Bursera microphylla, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg britannica.com reference. ...
There are a variety of desert flora and fauna in the vicinity of San Ignacio, notably including the elephant tree, (Bursera ... Elephant Tree: Bursera microphylla, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg Sigismundo Taraval. 1967. Indian Uprising in Lower ...
Elephant Tree: Bursera microphylla, GlobalTwitcher.com, ed. N. Stromberg Asociacion de Gestores del Patrimonio Historico y ... Notable among the tree species is the elephant tree, Bursera microphylla. Culturally, the state is known for its popular styles ...
The larvae feed on Bursera gummifera, Bursera simaruba and Persea americana. They mine the leaves of their host plant. The mine ...
Bursera graveolens, etc. Some of the mammals found in this area are: the red brocket, the Guayaquil squirrel, the neotropical ...
Areas associated with charcoal production now feature Bursera and Pisonia fragrans. Savanna areas feature acacias, (Prosopis ...
Creeping charlie Mentha longifolia Mentha suaveolens Pennyroyal Peppermint Schizonepeta tenuifolia Bursera graveolens ...
Another common but rather ambiguous name is palo santo (Spanish: "holy wood"), which it shares with the species Bursera ...
... pine resin and Bursera resin); height: 20.3 cm, width: 43.3 cm, depth: 5.9 cm; British Museum (London) Native American ...
Bursera fragilis), and palo santo (Ipomoea arborescens). Cacti are common, including organ pipe cactus (Stenocereus thurberi), ...
The site itself is covered by white mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa), gumbo-limbo (Bursera simaruba), white poisonwood ( ...
Bursera simaruba) fruit. They make a thick cup nest attached to a fork in a tree branch. BirdLife International (2012). "Vireo ...
The Cahuilla people of the Colorado Desert region of California used the red sap of the elephant tree (Bursera microphylla) as ...
Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg.) praised by the natives for curative properties. In the Nahuatl-Language Jiñocuabo seems to mean " ...
Bursera excelsa (as A. elegans). *Canarium zeylanicum (Retz.) Blume (as A. zeylanica Retz.) ...
Other important species include Alvaradoa amorphoides, Bursera simaruba, Ceiba acuminate, Bursera bipinnata, Bursera excels, ...
... is a hard, brittle, resinous gum, obtained from the West Indian tree Bursera acuminata (family Amyridaceae) and the ...
... a tree species native to the Gran Chaco area in South America Bursera graveolens, a tree species native to South America, used ...
Bursera simaruba) but there are many other trees present that are native to the whole Nicoya Peninsula area. Among the ...
Bursera simaruba) and Ficus species and nectar from Aloe vera, yucca and Croton discolor have been observed. The yellow- ...
Bunchosia Buphthalmum Bupleurum Burchardia Burchellia Burrageara an orchid hybrid genus Burretiokentia Bursaria Bursera ...
Agave rzedowskiana Anthurium rzedowskii Bernardia rzedowskii Bouvardia rzedowskii Bursera rzedowskii Canthon rzedowskii ...
Bursera simaruba), pigeonplum (Coccoloba diversifolia), black ironwood (Krugiodendron ferreum), false mastic (Sideroxylon ...
Bursera simaruba), poinsettias (Euphorbia pulcherrima) as well as the abundant magueys that have been used for centuries to ...
... such as Gustavia superba and Bursera simaruba, causing them generate more branches and possibly additional fruit, and by ...
Examples occur in the genera Pachycormus (Anacardiaceae) Adenium Pachypodium (Apocynaceae) Dendrosenecio (Asteraceae) Bursera ( ...
The Plant List, Bursera glabrifolia (Kunth) Engl. McVaugh, R.; Rzedowski, J. (1965). "Synopsis of the Genus Bursera L. in ... The woodcarvers refer to Bursera glabrifolia as "macho" or male copal, which they like less than Bursera bipinnata, which they ... Bursera glabrifolia is a small tree native to the tropical dry forests of Mexico. It was first described by Carl Sigismund ... Bursera glabrifolia is a species of tree native to central Mexico (Guerrero, Morelos, Michoacán, México State, Puebla, Oaxaca ...
... is a species of plant in the Burseraceae family. It is endemic to Jamaica. World Conservation Monitoring ... Notes on Bursera in South America, including a new species. Studies in Neotropical Burseraceae VII. Brittonia 45(3): 240-246. v ... Bursera aromatica. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Archived June 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Downloaded on 20 ...
... is a small tree. Leaves are bipinnately compound, up to 13 cm (5.2 inches) long. The Plant List, Bursera ... Bursera stenophylla is a Mexican species of trees in the frankincense family in the soapwood order. It has been found in the ...
... , known in Spanish as palo santo ("Holy Wood"), is a wild tree native from the Yucatán Peninsula to Peru and ... Bursera graveolens is found in the seasonally dry tropical forests of Peru, Venezuela, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, ... In 2006, the government of Peru listed Bursera graveolens as "In Critical Danger" (En Peligro Critico (CR)) under Decree 043- ... Media related to Bursera graveolens at Wikimedia Commons Palo Santo reforestation program. ...
Anti-Candida Activity of Bursera morelensis Ramirez Essential Oil and Two Compounds, α-Pinene and γ-Terpinene-An In Vitro Study ... As shown in Table 1, thirteen compounds of the essential oil of Bursera morelensis were identified by GC-MS analysis which ... Table 1. Composition of essential oil of Bursera morelensis identified by GC-MS (Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry) analysis ... Table 1. Composition of essential oil of Bursera morelensis identified by GC-MS (Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry) analysis ...
Bursera graveolens oil, holy wood oil; origin: Peru; method of cultivation: wild crafted; plant material: wood; carrier oil: ... Botanical Name: Bursera graveolens Oil, Holy Wood Oil. Country of Origin: Peru. Method of Cultivation: Wild Crafted. Plant ... Botanical Name: Bursera graveolens Oil, Holy Wood Oil. Country of Origin: Peru Method of Cultivation: Wild Crafted. Plant ... Botanical Name: Bursera graveolens. Country of Origin: Peru. Method of Cultivation: Wild Crafted. Family: Burserace. Plant ...
Bursera Graveolens) 9mm prayer beads; This aromatic wood belongs to the same family as frankincense and myrrh ... Bursera Graveolens. Family. Bursereace. Part used. Wood. Warnings. None. Method of Extraction. Steam Distilled. Beads Colour. ... Wood of Palo Santo "Bursera Graveolens". Guru Beads. Hand-Carved piece of Eco-Ivory Tagua. Brand. EcuadorianHands. ... 1 Japa Mala Bracelet 21ct palo santo (Bursera Graveolens) 9mm prayer beads; This aromatic wood belongs to the same family as ...
... isolated from Mexican plant Bursera fagaroides; antitumor agent of podophyllotoxin (III) class; RN given refers to (5alpha, ... isolated from Mexican plant Bursera fagaroides; antitumor agent of podophyllotoxin (III) class; RN given refers to (5alpha, ...
Bursera graveolens, is distilled in small quantities from sustainably harvested wood from Peru. It has a fine citr ... Botanical Name: Bursera graveolensDescription: Our rare 100% pure Palo Santo Essential oil, Bursera graveolens, is distilled in ... Palo Santo, Bursera Graveolens, is an aromatic tree native to the Galapagos Islands and the dry forests of South America. In ... This rare 100% pure Palo Santo Essential oil, Bursera graveolens, is distilled in small quantities from sustainably harvested ...
The Plant List, Bursera glabrifolia (Kunth) Engl. McVaugh, R.; Rzedowski, J. (1965). "Synopsis of the Genus Bursera L. in ... The woodcarvers refer to Bursera glabrifolia as "macho" or male copal, which they like less than Bursera bipinnata, which they ... Bursera glabrifolia is a small tree native to the tropical dry forests of Mexico. It was first described by Carl Sigismund ... Bursera glabrifolia is a species of tree native to central Mexico (Guerrero, Morelos, Michoacán, México State, Puebla, Oaxaca ...
Bursera aromatica is a species of plant in the Burseraceae family. It is endemic to Jamaica. World Conservation Monitoring ... Notes on Bursera in South America, including a new species. Studies in Neotropical Burseraceae VII. Brittonia 45(3): 240-246. v ... Bursera aromatica. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Archived June 27, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Downloaded on 20 ...
Bursera graveolens, known in Spanish as palo santo ("holy stick"), is a wild tree native to Mexico and the Yucatán Peninsula to ... "Bursera graveolens". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ... 2007). "Essential Oil of Bursera graveolens (Kunth) Triana et Planch from Ecuador". Journal of Essential Oil Research. 19: 525- ... A quantitative analysis of steam distilled palo santo (Bursera graveolens) oil by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry revealed ...
Bursera (50 species) is found in tropical America, with its centre of diversity in Mexico. ... Other articles where Bursera is discussed: Sapindales: Distribution and abundance: ... Bursera (50 species) is found in tropical America, with its centre of diversity in Mexico. ...
The Plants Database includes the following 3 species of Bursera . Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. ...
a b c University of Florida: Florida Forest Trees: Gumbo-limbo (Bursera simaruba) Archived August 30, 2006, at the Wayback ... Bursera simaruba, commonly known as gumbo-limbo, copperwood, chaca, and turpentine tree, is a tree species in the family ... Bursera simaruba is a small to medium-sized tree growing to 30 meters tall, with a diameter of one meter or less at 1.5 meters ... "Bursera simaruba". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States ...
Landscape coevolution of bursera plants and its herbivores. Principal Investigators:. Judith X. Becerra ... Evolution of Mexican Bursera (Burseraceae) inferred from ITS, ETS, and 5S nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences. Molecular ... "Landscape coevolution of bursera plants and its herbivores" is project ID: 4600 ...
Germacrene D has also been found in other Bursera species and some species of Commiphora, the sister group of Bursera, ... suggesting that the production of germacrene D might be an ancient trait in the genus Bursera. ... The volatile components of the leaves of five Bursera species, B. copallifera, B. exselsa, B. mirandae, B. ruticola and B. ... Keywords: Bursera; burseraceae; germacrene D; monoterpenes; sesquiterpenes Bursera; burseraceae; germacrene D; monoterpenes; ...
Bursera Graveolens. Palo Santo sticks. 10-unit. Average lenght: 10cms. This product is elaborated without harming the Palo ... Bursera Graveolens Palo Santo Incense Info. Bursera graveolens, known in Spanish as palo santo ("holy wood") is a tree that ... Incense Sticks Palo Santo Bursera Graveolens 10-unit pack. Bursera Graveolens. Palo Santo sticks. 10-unit pack. Average lenght ... Palo Santo (Bursera Graveolens) is an aromatic wood; Its smoke is used as a repellent to keep off mosquitoes, ants and other ...
Bursera Graveolens. Bursera Graveolens. Palo Santo Sawdust for making cone-incenses (6 kg.). Ground mesh 30 approx. High ... Bursera graveolens, known in Spanish as palo santo ("holy wood") is a tree that inhabits the coast of Ecuador. The tree belongs ... Palo Santo (Bursera Graveolens) is an aromatic wood; Its smoke is used as a repellent to keep off mosquitoes, ants and other ... The Palosanto (Bursera Graveolens) is a tree from the Ecuadorian dry forestes which was used by Chamans to cure many diseases; ...
Found 1 items, similar to Bursera altissima. English → English (gcide) Definition: Bursera altissima White \White\ (hw[imac]t ... Bursera altissima) whose fragrant wood is used for canoes and cabinetwork, as it is not attacked by insect. White cell. ( ... Hasil cari dari kata atau frase: Bursera altissima (0.01095 detik). ...
Elephant tree, Bursera microphylla: Related to frankincense, this aromatic shrub provides perching and food for birds. ...
Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg. seed were subjected to five scarification treatments to determine their efficacy on subsequent ... Germination Rates of Bursera simaruba Seeds Subjected to Various Scarification Treatments Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg. seed were ... Home → Publications → Tree Planters Notes → Tree Planters Notes Volume 59, Number 1 (2016) → Germination Rates of Bursera ...
The Maya also used a Bursera sp. to make incense.[9] However, the Bursera may also be considered an ornamental genus and a ... Second, Bursera simaruba of the Burserinae is a fast-growing ornamental that is one of a few representatives of the primarily ... Bursera simaruba. http://www.plantcreations.com/bursera_simaruba.htm * ^ Carretero, M.E., Lopez-P., J.L., Abad, M.J., Bermejo, ... Naked Indian (also known as gumbo limbo), or Bursera simaruba, in particular, is found in Florida, Mexico, the Caribbean, ...
Bursera excelsa (as A. elegans). *Canarium zeylanicum (Retz.) Blume (as A. zeylanica Retz.) ...
Bursera microphylla Location Baja California, La Gringa, near (Mexico) Comments Elephant tree (Burseraceae) ...
Nuclear ribosomal DNA phylogeny and its implications for evolutionary trends in Mexican Bursera (Burseraceae). ... Nuclear ribosomal DNA phylogeny and its implications for evolutionary trends in Mexican Bursera (Burseraceae). Together they ...
Bursera penicillata (linaloe) oil; litsea-cubeba oil; bay laurel leaf oil; macis oil; marjoram oil; mandarin oil; massoirinde ...
Evolution: Divergence & Distribution. Dates for the split between Bursera and Commiphora vary from ca 120 to ca 60 Ma - c.f. ... 2012, but c.f. some analyses in the latter) found that a monophyletic Bursera was sister to Commiphora; what about B. ... 2012) estimated the age of most species of Bursera in these Mexican forests to be ca 7.5 Ma - more or less as predicted for ... 2016) questioned the monophyly of Bursera, Canarium and Dacryodes. In a comprehensive analysis of Protium and relatives, Fine ...
Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Plant Extracts / Bursera / Antioxidants Limits: Humans Language: ... Full text: Available Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Plant Extracts / Bursera / Antioxidants Limits: Humans Language: ... Los constituyentes químicos de los extractos hexánicos y metanólicos de la corteza de ramas de Bursera simaruba (Burseraceae ... The chemical constituents of the hexane and methanol extracts obtained from the branch bark of Bursera simaruba (Burseraceae) ...
Bursera simaruba. Gum Tree, Gumbo Limbo. Burseraceae. Bursera gummifera L. Bursera ovalifolia (Schldl.) Engl. Elaphrium ...
Bursera simaruba. Gum Tree, Gumbo Limbo. 2. 2. Cajanus cajan. Pigeon Pea, Puerto Rico Bean, Gandul, Dhal, Congo Pea. 4. 2. ...
Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) Purifying wood, used as incense. Spreads a unique, strong and sweet fragrance. Available in ...
Bursera simaruba (Almacigo; Burseraceae) is common in Guanica. The coastal area of Guanica is uplifted ancient coral reef and ...
Protium and Bursera are the most conspicuous Neotropical genera in terms of both diversity and ecological importance. *Bursera ... Synopsis of the genus Bursera L. in western Mexico, with notes on the material of Bursera collected by Sess & Moci o. Kew Bull ... Bursera *Commiphora *Dacryodes *Protium *Tetragastris *Trattinnickia. Useful tips for generic identification. Key to genera of ... Perigynous flowers, with the disc adnate to the receptacle, occur in some species of Bursera and Commiphora. *There are five ...
"神圣的木",属Bursera graveolens genus品种,与乳香同属一个品种。圣檀木精油含有75%-76%
Bursera graveolens, known in Spanish as palo santo ("holy wood") is a tree that inhabits the coast of Ecuador. The tree belongs ... Palo Santo (Bursera Graveolens) 100% pure Essential Oils, Incense & skin products.. Were artisan distillers and only process ...
Bursera spp.. Elephat trees. tree/shrub. Caesalpinea cacalaco. Cascalote. tree/shrub. Caesalpinea pulcherrima. Red bird of ...
Bursera Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg. (Bursera sp.) Cactaceae. Mammillaria Mammillaria nivosa Link (Mammillaria ekmanii Werderm.) ...
  • This rare 100% pure Palo Santo Essential oil, Bursera graveolens, is distilled in small quantities from sustainably harvested wood from Peru. (shamansmarket.com)
  • Botanical Name: Bursera graveolensDescription: Our rare 100% pure Palo Santo Essential oil, Bursera graveolens, is distilled in small quantities from wood gathered on Peru's Pacific coast. (shamansmarket.com)
  • Bursera aromatica is a species of plant in the Burseraceae family. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bursera simaruba , commonly known as gumbo-limbo , copperwood , chaca , and turpentine tree , is a tree species in the family Burseraceae , native to tropical regions of the Americas from the southeasternmost United States (southern Florida ) south through Mexico and the Caribbean to Brazil , Jinotega and Venezuela . (wikipedia.org)
  • Evolution of Mexican Bursera (Burseraceae) inferred from ITS, ETS, and 5S nuclear ribosomal DNA sequences. (ucsb.edu)
  • Becerra, J.X. Germacrene D, A Common Sesquiterpene in the Genus Bursera (Burseraceae). (mdpi.com)
  • [5] Tabonuco ( Dacryodes excelsa ) and gumbo limbo ( Bursera simaruba ) represent the economic, ethnobotanical, and ecological significance of the Burseraceae in the Western Hemisphere, while frankincense ( Boswellia sacra ) and myrrh ( Commiphora myrrha ) represent the same in the Eastern Hemisphere. (eol.org)
  • The chemical constituents of the hexane and methanol extracts obtained from the branch bark of Bursera simaruba ( Burseraceae ) grown in Queré taro , Mexico , were investigated by GC-MS, HPLC coupled to DAD, and NMR techniques . (bvsalud.org)
  • Los constituyentes quí micos de los extractos hexánicos y metano ́licos de la corteza de ramas de Bursera simaruba ( Burseraceae ) recolectada en Queré taro , México, fueron investigados mediante las Cromatografías de Gases acoplada a Espectrometría de masas (GC-MS) y de líquidos de alta resolución ( HPLC ) acoplada a un detector de arreglo de diodos (DAD) ( HPLC -DAD) y mediante RMN. (bvsalud.org)
  • Molecular genetic evidence for intraspecific hybridization among endemic Hispaniolan Bursera (Burseraceae). (treebase.org)
  • Bursera graveolens , known in Spanish as palo santo ("holy stick"), is a wild tree native to Mexico and the Yucatán Peninsula to Peru and Venezuela [1] that inhabits the South American Gran Chaco region (northern Argentina , Paraguay , Bolivia and the Brazilian Mato Grosso ). (wikipedia.org)
  • When used as an ingredient in cosmetics the INCI name "Bursera graveolens wood oil" should be listed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bursera graveolens , known in Spanish as palo santo ("holy wood") is a tree that inhabits the coast of Ecuador. (ecuadorianhands.com)
  • The use of Palo Santo (or Palo Santo) from Bursera Graveolens is reported to be traditional in South America, especially in Ecuador. (ecuadorianhands.com)
  • Palo Santo (Bursera Graveolens ) 100% pure Essential Oils, Incense & skin products. (usenature.com)
  • Agrochemical characterization of vermicomposts produced from residues of Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) essential oil extraction. (nih.gov)
  • Palo Santo (Bursera Graveolens) 100% pure Essential Oil, Incense and Soaps. (aromaweb.com)
  • Bursera graveolens, wood harvested from fallen trees, thus "ethically wildcrafted" from Peru. (naturesgift.com)
  • [1] Bursera simaruba are prevalent in the Petenes mangroves ecoregion of the Yucatán, where it is a subdominant plant species to mangroves . (wikipedia.org)
  • Bursera simaruba is a small to medium-sized tree growing to 30 meters tall, with a diameter of one meter or less at 1.5 meters above ground. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg. (rngr.net)
  • The Bursera Simaruba tree which only grows on certain parts of the island. (aruba.com)
  • The volatile components of the leaves of five Bursera species, B. copallifera , B. exselsa , B. mirandae , B. ruticola and B. fagaroides var. (mdpi.com)
  • Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Variety Bursera fagaroides (Kunth) Engl. (usda.gov)
  • INCI (Bursera fagaroides). (naturesgardencandles.com)
  • It was first described by Carl Sigismund Kunth in 1824 as Elaphrium glabrifolium and then transferred to the genus Bursera by Adolf Engler in 1896. (wikipedia.org)
  • from tropical trees of the genus Commiphora, of the bursera family. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The new phylogenies corroborate the monophyly of the genus, and its division into the two monophyletic subgenera or sections, Bursera and Bullockia. (ucsb.edu)
  • Bursera glabrifolia is one of two species commonly referred to as copal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Notes on Bursera in South America, including a new species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bursera (50 species) is found in tropical America, with its centre of diversity in Mexico. (britannica.com)
  • The Plants Database includes the following 3 species of Bursera . (usda.gov)
  • Bursera cinerea, a species described more than 120 years ago, was neglected by botanists of the present century. (ebscohost.com)
  • I reconstructed a phylogeny of 66 species and varieties of Bursera and 9 outgroup species using sequences of the internal transcribed spacer region (ITS), the 5S non-transcribed region (5S-NTS), and the external transcribed region (ETS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA. (ucsb.edu)
  • This study extends a previously proposed parsimony-based phylogenetic study that used the ITS sequences of 57 Bursera species and five outgroups. (ucsb.edu)
  • The current analyses also identify four main groups of species in section Bursera, and two in section Bullockia, confirming some of the previously proposed groups based on fruit, flower, and leaf morphology. (ucsb.edu)
  • One previously problematic species B. sarcopoda, which has sometimes been placed in Commiphora, is shown to belong in Bursera. (ucsb.edu)
  • Another controversial species, Commiphora leptophloeos, which was thought to belong to Bursera, falls within Commiphora. (ucsb.edu)
  • The Plant List, Bursera glabrifolia (Kunth) Engl. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bark thin and smooth to thick and fissured , shedding as flakes, variously sized plates, or papery sheets (some Bursera ), often lenticellate, sometimes hooped, sometimes red or yellowish (some Bursera ). (kew.org)
  • The woodcarvers refer to Bursera glabrifolia as "macho" or male copal, which they like less than Bursera bipinnata, which they refer to as "Hembra" or female copal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bursera glabrifolia is a small tree native to the tropical dry forests of Mexico. (wikipedia.org)
  • Esta zona pose varias características especiales, pues se ubica en una franja latitudinal con influencia de una corriente marina fría y en menor grado de las masas de agua del Pacífico tropical Mexicano. (gbif.org)
  • Commonly referred to as the Gumbo-Limbo or copperwood, Bursera Sirambula has over the years been used by people from all over the world for its health and medicinal benefits. (islandherbsandspices.com)
  • Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens), or "holy wood" is a tree native to Mexico, the Yucatan Peninsula south to Peru and Venezuela. (scents-of-earth.com)
  • The Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) is a tree native to South America, especially Ecuador and Peru (hence the one we offer). (botanica8.com)
  • El Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) es un árbol nativo de América del Sur, especialmente Ecuador y Perú (de ahí viene el que ofrecemos). (botanica8.com)
  • 25ml of 100% pure Essential Oil, palo Santo (Bursera Graveleons) ideal for aromatherapy. (ecuadorianhands.com)
  • Palo Santo Bursera Graveolens helps to strengthen your immune system. (ecuadorianhands.com)
  • Living trees are never cut down to make our Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) . (purnamarituals.co)
  • Just as coffee beans from different parts of the world can vary in their colour, shape or taste, Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) trees also vary in their aroma depending on their specific geo-regional source. (purnamarituals.co)
  • They are both very lovely & are simply two different varieties of our beloved Palo Santo (Bursera graveolens) wood. (purnamarituals.co)
  • Palo Santo Incense Sticks from Indigo Herbs are 100% natural Bursera graveolens. (indigo-herbs.co.uk)
  • Palo Santo (Bursera Graveolens) is a sacred tree and grows in select parts of South America. (vibeslifestyle.com)
  • Palo Santo, (Bursera graveolens) which means "holy or sacred tree. (sacredessence.co.uk)
  • Palo Santo Essential Oil ( Bursera graveolens ) is a very spiritual essential oil. (experience-essential-oils.com)
  • Here, Palo Santo ( Bursera graveolens ) is protected by the Peruvian government, specifically, the Ministry of Agriculture. (thirdeyewood.com)
  • THe cones consist of Palo Santo (Bursera Graveolens), Opoponax (Sweet Myrrh), Mugworth and a pinch of Rosemary. (innermind.nl)
  • Ingredients include: Pure Palo Santo Essential Oil (Bursera graveolens) Palo Santo wood flakes (Bursera graveolens) Smoked Wood Oil, Alcohol, Distilled Water, Sea Salt. (funkylighting.com)
  • The palo santo (Latin name, Bursera Graveolens ) in this formulation is wildcrafted in Ecuador and sustainably harvested solely from fallen trees and branches. (annmariegianni.com)
  • Spanish for "holy wood," Palo Santo is the wood from the Bursera graveolens tree and its sacred use can be traced back to the Incas. (brevarddesign.com)
  • IMPORTANT NOTICE ON ENDANGERMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY - The Bursera Graveolens tree that Palo Santo wood comes from is in risk of endangerment due to wrongful harvesting techniques. (shamansdawn.com)
  • Ingredients: Citrus Bergamia (Bergamot Bergapten-Free) Oil, Citrus Sinensis (Sweet Orange) Oil*, Lavendula Angustifolia (Lavender) Oil, Bursera Graveolens (Palo Santo) Oil, Citrus Aurantium Var, Amara (Neroli) Oil. (atelerietheshop.com)
  • Palo Santo (Bursera Graveolens) has a long history of use by the native people of South America as an essential tool in sacred shamanic rituals for its energetic cleansing and medicinal healing properties. (crystalkarmabytrina.com)
  • We support responsible, regenerative sourcing practices, & contribute to active reforestation efforts to ensure a long-term supply of the Bursera graveolens tree for future generations. (purnamarituals.co)
  • Copal is an ancient aromatic resin derived from the sap or blood of the Bursera tree hardened over time in contact with the air. (cattywampuscrafts.com)
  • The bark of Bursera Sirambula has also been proven to be an antidote to the extreme rashes that are caused by Metopium toxiferum. (islandherbsandspices.com)
  • Alain, the tree with the white pealing bark is not a Bursera , it's Pachycormus discolor (followed by me asking 'This colour? (pkcactus.info)
  • AromaticScience, LLC Anti-Candida Activity of Bursera morelensis Ramirez Essential Oil and Two Compounds, α-Pinene and γ-Terpinene-An In Vitro Study. (aromaticscience.com)
  • Below, the interesting Elephant tree (Bursera microphylla) which stores water in its trunk and lower limbs as insurance against fluctuating water availability. (bluebrightly.com)
  • Before being adopted as an effective treatment for genital herpes, Bursera Arambula was commonly used in the treatment of gout and the leaves of the plant were brewed to make a pretty effective medicinal tea. (islandherbsandspices.com)