In about 250 species of electric fishes, modified muscle fibers forming disklike multinucleate plates arranged in stacks like batteries in series and embedded in a gelatinous matrix. A large torpedo ray may have half a million plates. Muscles in different parts of the body may be modified, i.e., the trunk and tail in the electric eel, the hyobranchial apparatus in the electric ray, and extrinsic eye muscles in the stargazers. Powerful electric organs emit pulses in brief bursts several times a second. They serve to stun prey and ward off predators. A large torpedo ray can produce of shock of more than 200 volts, capable of stunning a human. (Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p672)
Fields representing the joint interplay of electric and magnetic forces.
An order of neotropical electric fish found chiefly in the waters of South America. They continually emit weak electric discharges, which they use in object location and communication. A most popular species of research interest is the electric eel, ELECTROPHORUS electricus.
Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.
Injuries caused by electric currents. The concept excludes electric burns (BURNS, ELECTRIC), but includes accidental electrocution and electric shock.
An arrangement of wires distributing electricity.
The ability of a substrate to allow the passage of ELECTRONS.
A genus of the Torpedinidae family consisting of several species. Members of this family have powerful electric organs and are commonly called electric rays.
Devices that control the supply of electric current for running electrical equipment.
A technique in which electric pulses of intensity in kilovolts per centimeter and of microsecond-to-millisecond duration cause a temporary loss of the semipermeability of CELL MEMBRANES, thus leading to ion leakage, escape of metabolites, and increased uptake by cells of drugs, molecular probes, and DNA.
The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.
Burns produced by contact with electric current or from a sudden discharge of electricity.
A treatment modality that uses pulsed electrical currents to permeabilize cell membranes (ELECTROPORATION) and thereby enhance the uptake of chemotherapeutic agents, vaccines, or genes into the body's cells.
A genus of fish, in the family GYMNOTIFORMES, capable of producing an electric shock that immobilizes fish and other prey. The species Electrophorus electricus is also known as the electric eel, though it is not a true eel.
Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.
The study of chemical changes resulting from electrical action and electrical activity resulting from chemical changes.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
The property of nonisotropic media, such as crystals, whereby a single incident beam of light traverses the medium as two beams, each plane-polarized, the planes being at right angles to each other. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
Characteristics of ELECTRICITY and magnetism such as charged particles and the properties and behavior of charged particles, and other phenomena related to or associated with electromagnetism.
The common name for all members of the Rajidae family. Skates and rays are members of the same order (Rajiformes). Skates have weak electric organs.
Induction of a stress reaction in experimental subjects by means of an electrical shock; applies to either convulsive or non-convulsive states.
The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).
The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.
Cell surface proteins that bind acetylcholine with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells. Cholinergic receptors are divided into two major classes, muscarinic and nicotinic, based originally on their affinity for nicotine and muscarine. Each group is further subdivided based on pharmacology, location, mode of action, and/or molecular biology.
Electronic hearing devices typically used for patients with normal outer and middle ear function, but defective inner ear function. In the COCHLEA, the hair cells (HAIR CELLS, VESTIBULAR) may be absent or damaged but there are residual nerve fibers. The device electrically stimulates the COCHLEAR NERVE to create sound sensation.
An electrochemical process in which macromolecules or colloidal particles with a net electric charge migrate in a solution under the influence of an electric current.
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.
The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.
The motion of a liquid through a membrane (or plug or capillary) consequent upon the application of an electric field across the membrane. (Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
The accumulation of an electric charge on a object
An electrical current applied to the HEART to terminate a disturbance of its rhythm, ARRHYTHMIAS, CARDIAC. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Common name for an order (Anguilliformes) of voracious, elongate, snakelike teleost fishes.
An atom or group of atoms that have a positive or negative electric charge due to a gain (negative charge) or loss (positive charge) of one or more electrons. Atoms with a positive charge are known as CATIONS; those with a negative charge are ANIONS.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The ability of a substrate to retain an electrical charge.
Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
A quality of cell membranes which permits the passage of solvents and solutes into and out of cells.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ACETYLCHOLINE to CHOLINE and acetate. In the CNS, this enzyme plays a role in the function of peripheral neuromuscular junctions. EC
Methods of creating machines and devices.
A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.
Electrodes with an extremely small tip, used in a voltage clamp or other apparatus to stimulate or record bioelectric potentials of single cells intracellularly or extracellularly. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Investigations conducted on the physical health of teeth involving use of a tool that transmits hot or cold electric currents on a tooth's surface that can determine problems with that tooth based on reactions to the currents.
Various material objects and items in the home. It includes temporary or permanent machinery and appliances. It does not include furniture or interior furnishings (FURNITURE see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS; INTERIOR FURNISHINGS see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS).
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The study, control, and application of the conduction of ELECTRICITY through gases or vacuum, or through semiconducting or conducting materials. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The process in which specialized SENSORY RECEPTOR CELLS transduce peripheral stimuli (physical or chemical) into NERVE IMPULSES which are then transmitted to the various sensory centers in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Specialized afferent neurons capable of transducing sensory stimuli into NERVE IMPULSES to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Sometimes sensory receptors for external stimuli are called exteroceptors; for internal stimuli are called interoceptors and proprioceptors.
The application of heat to raise the temperature of the environment, ambient or local, or the systems for accomplishing this effect. It is distinguished from HEAT, the physical property and principle of physics.
Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.
Electromagnetic waves with frequencies between about 3 kilohertz (very low frequency - VLF) and 300,000 megahertz (extremely high frequency - EHF). They are used in television and radio broadcasting, land and satellite communications systems, radionavigation, radiolocation, and DIATHERMY. The highest frequency radio waves are MICROWAVES.
The cochlear part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The cochlear nerve fibers originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project peripherally to cochlear hair cells and centrally to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS) of the BRAIN STEM. They mediate the sense of hearing.
The utilization of an electrical current to measure, analyze, or alter chemicals or chemical reactions in solution, cells, or tissues.
An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)
Artificially produced membranes, such as semipermeable membranes used in artificial kidney dialysis (RENAL DIALYSIS), monomolecular and bimolecular membranes used as models to simulate biological CELL MEMBRANES. These membranes are also used in the process of GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION.
Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.
The electrical properties, characteristics of living organisms, and the processes of organisms or their parts that are involved in generating and responding to electrical charges.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Small holes of nanometer dimensions in a membrane, that can be used as single molecule detectors. The pores can be biological or synthetic.
Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy.
A genus in the family Blattidae containing several species, the most common being P. americana, the American cockroach.
The functions and activities of living organisms or their parts involved in generating and responding to electrical charges .
Branch-like terminations of NERVE FIBERS, sensory or motor NEURONS. Endings of sensory neurons are the beginnings of afferent pathway to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Endings of motor neurons are the terminals of axons at the muscle cells. Nerve endings which release neurotransmitters are called PRESYNAPTIC TERMINALS.
Cell membranes associated with synapses. Both presynaptic and postsynaptic membranes are included along with their integral or tightly associated specializations for the release or reception of transmitters.
A subclass of cartilaginous fish comprising the SHARKS; rays; skates (SKATES (FISH);), and sawfish. Elasmobranchs are typically predaceous, relying more on smell (the olfactory capsules are relatively large) than sight (the eyes are relatively small) for obtaining their food.
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
Layers of lipid molecules which are two molecules thick. Bilayer systems are frequently studied as models of biological membranes.
The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller.
Surgically placed electric conductors through which ELECTRIC STIMULATION is delivered to or electrical activity is recorded from a specific point inside the body.
The observation, either continuously or at intervals, of the levels of radiation in a given area, generally for the purpose of assuring that they have not exceeded prescribed amounts or, in case of radiation already present in the area, assuring that the levels have returned to those meeting acceptable safety standards.
The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.
Rhodopsins found in the PURPLE MEMBRANE of halophilic archaea such as HALOBACTERIUM HALOBIUM. Bacteriorhodopsins function as an energy transducers, converting light energy into electrochemical energy via PROTON PUMPS.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Substances that dissociate into two or more ions, to some extent, in water. Solutions of electrolytes thus conduct an electric current and can be decomposed by it (ELECTROLYSIS). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.
A dimension of auditory sensation varying with cycles per second of the sound stimulus.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
The ability or act of sensing and transducing ACOUSTIC STIMULATION to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. It is also called audition.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Areas of attractive or repulsive force surrounding MAGNETS.
Procedures for correcting HEARING DISORDERS.
The measurement of frequency or oscillation changes.
Solution titration in which the end point is read from the electrode-potential variations with the concentrations of potential determining ions. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
The audibility limit of discriminating sound intensity and pitch.
Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.
Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.
Methods utilizing the principles of MICROFLUIDICS for sample handling, reagent mixing, and separation and detection of specific components in fluids.
Measurement of the ability to hear speech under various conditions of intensity and noise interference using sound-field as well as earphones and bone oscillators.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Specialized organs adapted for the reception of stimuli by the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
A change in electrical resistance of the skin, occurring in emotion and in certain other conditions.
A denture replacing one or more (but not all) natural teeth. It is supported and retained by underlying tissue and some or all of the remaining teeth.
A neurotransmitter found at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Procedures using an electrically heated wire or scalpel to treat hemorrhage (e.g., bleeding ulcers) and to ablate tumors, mucosal lesions, and refractory arrhythmias. It is different from ELECTROSURGERY which is used more for cutting tissue than destroying and in which the patient is part of the electric circuit.
A highly miniaturized version of ELECTROPHORESIS performed in a microfluidic device.
Gated, ion-selective glycoproteins that traverse membranes. The stimulus for ION CHANNEL GATING can be due to a variety of stimuli such as LIGANDS, a TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE, mechanical deformation or through INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS.
Division of tissues by a high-frequency current applied locally with a metal instrument or needle. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Neurotoxic proteins from the venom of the banded or Formosan krait (Bungarus multicinctus, an elapid snake). alpha-Bungarotoxin blocks nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and has been used to isolate and study them; beta- and gamma-bungarotoxins act presynaptically causing acetylcholine release and depletion. Both alpha and beta forms have been characterized, the alpha being similar to the large, long or Type II neurotoxins from other elapid venoms.
The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).
The relationship between the dose of administered radiation and the response of the organism or tissue to the radiation.
Chemical reaction that occurs when saliva comes into contact with the metals in dental fillings. This reaction can send electric currents through the brain causing negative symptoms.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
The perceived attribute of a sound which corresponds to the physical attribute of intensity.
The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
The study of fluid channels and chambers of tiny dimensions of tens to hundreds of micrometers and volumes of nanoliters or picoliters. This is of interest in biological MICROCIRCULATION and used in MICROCHEMISTRY and INVESTIGATIVE TECHNIQUES.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Waves of oscillating electric and MAGNETIC FIELDS which move at right angles to each other and outward from the source.
Membranous appendage of fish and other aquatic organisms used for locomotion or balance.
Electrically induced CONVULSIONS primarily used in the treatment of severe AFFECTIVE DISORDERS and SCHIZOPHRENIA.
Inorganic compounds that contain tin as an integral part of the molecule.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A treatment that suppresses undesirable behavior by simultaneously exposing the subject to unpleasant consequences.
The branch of physics which deals with the motions of material bodies, including kinematics, dynamics, and statics. When the laws of mechanics are applied to living structures, as to the locomotor system, it is referred to as BIOMECHANICAL PHENOMENA. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.
The study of CHEMICAL PHENOMENA and processes in terms of the underlying PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and processes.
One of the two major classes of cholinergic receptors. Nicotinic receptors were originally distinguished by their preference for NICOTINE over MUSCARINE. They are generally divided into muscle-type and neuronal-type (previously ganglionic) based on pharmacology, and subunit composition of the receptors.
Proteins obtained from species of fish (FISHES).
Property of membranes and other structures to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, and mineral ions.
Functionally and structurally differentiated, purple-pigmented regions of the cytoplasmic membrane of some strains of Halobacterium halobium. The membrane develops under anaerobic conditions and is made almost entirely of the purple pigment BACTERIORHODOPSINS. (From Singleton & Sainsbury Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Organelles of phototrophic bacteria which contain photosynthetic pigments and which are formed from an invagination of the cytoplasmic membrane.
Membrane-bound compartments which contain transmitter molecules. Synaptic vesicles are concentrated at presynaptic terminals. They actively sequester transmitter molecules from the cytoplasm. In at least some synapses, transmitter release occurs by fusion of these vesicles with the presynaptic membrane, followed by exocytosis of their contents.
Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.
Removal of tissue by vaporization, abrasion, or destruction. Methods used include heating tissue by hot liquids or microwave thermal heating, freezing (CRYOABLATION), chemical ablation, and photoablation with LASERS.
The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Voltage-gated potassium channels whose primary subunits contain six transmembrane segments and form tetramers to create a pore with a voltage sensor. They are related to their founding member, shaker protein, Drosophila.
Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.
Electrophoresis in which agar or agarose gel is used as the diffusion medium.
A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.
The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
A group of peptide antibiotics from BACILLUS brevis. Gramicidin C or S is a cyclic, ten-amino acid polypeptide and gramicidins A, B, D are linear. Gramicidin is one of the two principal components of TYROTHRICIN.
An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
A genus of HALOBACTERIACEAE whose growth requires a high concentration of salt. Binary fission is by constriction.
The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.
Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.
Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a peripheral part toward a nerve center.
The opening and closing of ion channels due to a stimulus. The stimulus can be a change in membrane potential (voltage-gated), drugs or chemical transmitters (ligand-gated), or a mechanical deformation. Gating is thought to involve conformational changes of the ion channel which alters selective permeability.
Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.
Materials that have a limited and usually variable electrical conductivity. They are particularly useful for the production of solid-state electronic devices.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
A tri-benzene-ammonium usually compounded with zinc chloride. It is used as a biological stain and for the dyeing and printing of textiles.
The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.
The science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the individual's response to the physical properties of sound.
The commonest and widest ranging species of the clawed "frog" (Xenopus) in Africa. This species is used extensively in research. There is now a significant population in California derived from escaped laboratory animals.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Destruction by passage of a galvanic electric current, as in disintegration of a chemical compound in solution.
Computer-assisted study of methods for obtaining useful quantitative solutions to problems that have been expressed mathematically.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
Thin layers of tissue which cover parts of the body, separate adjacent cavities, or connect adjacent structures.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Ion channels that specifically allow the passage of SODIUM ions. A variety of specific sodium channel subtypes are involved in serving specialized functions such as neuronal signaling, CARDIAC MUSCLE contraction, and KIDNEY function.
Microscopy in which television cameras are used to brighten magnified images that are otherwise too dark to be seen with the naked eye. It is used frequently in TELEPATHOLOGY.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the heart on a plane of the body surface delineated as a vector function of time.
The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Oxyphenbutazone eyedrops have been used abroad in the management of postoperative ocular inflammation, superficial eye injuries, and episcleritis. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p2000) It had been used by mouth in rheumatic disorders such as ankylosing spondylitis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis but such use is no longer considered justified owing to the risk of severe hematological adverse effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p27)
The physical phenomena describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.
An allotropic form of carbon that is used in pencils, as a lubricant, and in matches and explosives. It is obtained by mining and its dust can cause lung irritation.
A yellow metallic element with the atomic symbol Au, atomic number 79, and atomic weight 197. It is used in jewelry, goldplating of other metals, as currency, and in dental restoration. Many of its clinical applications, such as ANTIRHEUMATIC AGENTS, are in the form of its salts.
A cyclic nonadecapeptide antibiotic that can act as an ionophore and is produced by strains of Trichoderma viride. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.
Venoms produced by frogs, toads, salamanders, etc. The venom glands are usually on the skin of the back and contain cardiotoxic glycosides, cholinolytics, and a number of other bioactive materials, many of which have been characterized. The venoms have been used as arrow poisons and include bufogenin, bufotoxin, bufagin, bufotalin, histrionicotoxins, and pumiliotoxin.
A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Structures in fishes homologous to the cortical tissue of the mammalian adrenal gland; they are in close proximity to or imbedded in the kidney.
The transmission and reception of electric impulses or signals by means of electric waves without a connecting wire, or the use of these waves for the wireless transmission of electric impulses into which sound is converted. (From Webster's 3d)
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
Condition of having pores or open spaces. This often refers to bones, bone implants, or bone cements, but can refer to the porous state of any solid substance.
Drugs that inhibit cholinesterases. The neurotransmitter ACETYLCHOLINE is rapidly hydrolyzed, and thereby inactivated, by cholinesterases. When cholinesterases are inhibited, the action of endogenously released acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses is potentiated. Cholinesterase inhibitors are widely used clinically for their potentiation of cholinergic inputs to the gastrointestinal tract and urinary bladder, the eye, and skeletal muscles; they are also used for their effects on the heart and the central nervous system.
Persons with any degree of loss of hearing that has an impact on their activities of daily living or that requires special assistance or intervention.
The graphic registration of the frequency and intensity of sounds, such as speech, infant crying, and animal vocalizations.
Articles of cloth, usually cotton or rayon and other synthetic or cotton-blend fabrics, used in households, hospitals, physicians' examining rooms, nursing homes, etc., for sheets, pillow cases, toweling, gowns, drapes, and the like.
An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.
The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.
A tricyclic antidepressant with some tranquilizing action.
The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Protein-lipid combinations abundant in brain tissue, but also present in a wide variety of animal and plant tissues. In contrast to lipoproteins, they are insoluble in water, but soluble in a chloroform-methanol mixture. The protein moiety has a high content of hydrophobic amino acids. The associated lipids consist of a mixture of GLYCEROPHOSPHATES; CEREBROSIDES; and SULFOGLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS; while lipoproteins contain PHOSPHOLIPIDS; CHOLESTEROL; and TRIGLYCERIDES.
The practical application of physical, mechanical, and mathematical principles. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.

Estimation of current density distribution under electrodes for external defibrillation. (1/43)

BACKGROUND: Transthoracic defibrillation is the most common life-saving technique for the restoration of the heart rhythm of cardiac arrest victims. The procedure requires adequate application of large electrodes on the patient chest, to ensure low-resistance electrical contact. The current density distribution under the electrodes is non-uniform, leading to muscle contraction and pain, or risks of burning. The recent introduction of automatic external defibrillators and even wearable defibrillators, presents new demanding requirements for the structure of electrodes. METHOD AND RESULTS: Using the pseudo-elliptic differential equation of Laplace type with appropriate boundary conditions and applying finite element method modeling, electrodes of various shapes and structure were studied. The non-uniformity of the current density distribution was shown to be moderately improved by adding a low resistivity layer between the metal and tissue and by a ring around the electrode perimeter. The inclusion of openings in long-term wearable electrodes additionally disturbs the current density profile. However, a number of small-size perforations may result in acceptable current density distribution. CONCLUSION: The current density distribution non-uniformity of circular electrodes is about 30% less than that of square-shaped electrodes. The use of an interface layer of intermediate resistivity, comparable to that of the underlying tissues, and a high-resistivity perimeter ring, can further improve the distribution. The inclusion of skin aeration openings disturbs the current paths, but an appropriate selection of number and size provides a reasonable compromise.  (+info)


As determined by serial histologic study, the leukocyte component of the acute inflammatory response to thermal injury in the medulla of the kidney of rabbits was markedly delayed and diminished in intensity when compared with the response of the cortex. Similar differences in granulocyte mobilization between cortex and medulla were seen following the inoculation of bacteria. Hydronephrosis produced by ureteral ligation had no discernible effect upon the inflammatory response in either cortex or medulla following thermal burns. The susceptibility of the cortex to E. coli infection was markedly enhanced during leukopenia induced by nitrogen-mustard. These results suggest that deficiencies in granulocyte mobilization play an important role in the increased susceptibility of the renal medulla to bacterial infection.  (+info)


Electricity is a potentially very dangerous commodity. Community safeguards, however, result in remarkably efficient control of this hazard. Mortality figures appear to be small and constant. No satisfactory morbidity figures are available with regard to general and neurological complications in non-fatal cases. Study of relevant features of such electrical phenomena as voltage level, resistance factors, current pathway, current diffusion and grounding reveals many difficulties in reconstruction of the sequence of events involved in these injuries. These features underline our frequent inability to understand the mechanisms of initiation of unconsciousness and even of differentiation between death by cardiac arrest and death by respiratory paralysis. Fourteen cases of electrical injury with a variety of neurological complications and sequelae are discussed, and the findings in these cases are compared with those of other observers. An attempt is made to present a comprehensive picture of immediate, secondary and late neurological effects, and to illustrate some of the pathological findings in electrocution material.  (+info)


The amount of tissue loss in electrical burns of the commissure usually is greater than is at first anticipated. Therefore, conservative treatment is advisable until healing is complete, at which time the deformity can be accurately evaluated and whatever reconstructive operation is necessary can be performed.  (+info)

Burns and tracheo-oesophageal-cutaneous fistula. (5/43)

We report an unusual case of electric burns suffered by a 15-yr-old boy. The patient's neck had come in contact with a high voltage broken electric wire and by reflex he had pulled it away with his right hand. He presented with a tracheo-cutaneous fistula with a right-sided pneumothorax. Emergency airway management included insertion of a tracheostomy tube through the traumatic opening in the neck and insertion of an intercostal tube drain. When the diagnostic endoscopy revealed an externally communicating tracheo-oesophageal fistula, protecting the lower airways from gastrointestinal contamination became a priority. The patient was anaesthetized through the traumatic tracheostomy and a formal low tracheostomy was done below the level of the fistula. The patient then underwent oesophageal reconstruction with a stomach free flap. Tracheo-oesophageal-cutaneous fistula is a rare presentation of electric burns. The anaesthetic management of the emergency difficult airway in any penetrating neck injury can be extremely difficult requiring a carefully planned multi-disciplinary approach.  (+info)

Unusual explosive growth of a squamous cell carcinoma of the scalp after electrical burn injury and subsequent coverage by sequential free flap vascular connection--a case report. (6/43)

BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinomos may arise from chronic ulcerating wounds in scars, most commonly postburn scars. Tumour growth usually takes place over months to years. Localization on the scalp is a relatively rare condition. CASE PRESENTATION: This report presents the case of a 63-year-old man with chronic ulceration of a postburn scar of the scalp due to an electrical burn 58 years ago. Sudden tumour growth started within weeks and on presentation already had extended through the skull into frontal cortex. After radical tumour resection, defect was covered with a free radial forearm flap. Local recurrence occurred 6 weeks later. Subsequent wide excision including discard of the flap and preservation of the radial vessels was followed by transfer of a free latissimus dorsi muscle flap, using the radial vessels of the first flap as recipient vessels. The patient received radiotherapy post-operatively. There were no problems with flap survivals or wound healing. Due to rapidly growing recurrence the patient died 2 months later. CONCLUSION: Explosive SCC tumour growth might occur in post-burn scars after more than 50 years. As a treatment option the use of sequential free flap connections might serve in repeated extensive tumour resections, especially in the scalp region, where suitable donor vessels are often located in distance to the defect.  (+info)

Utilization of skin flap for reconstruction of the genitalia after an electric burn. (7/43)

The objective of this article is to describe a case of an electric burn to the genitalia causing scrotal and testicular lesion, and the subsequent reconstruction using a skin graft. The patient was a 10-year-old boy who was victim of an electric burn that harmed the genitalia. There was extended skin loss, penile, scrotal and partial testicular lesion. The treatment consisted of plastic surgery to reconstruct the genitalia with skin flaps grafted on the left thigh, the scrotum and the base of the penis. The patient recovered well and was discharged after two weeks. We concluded that in severe cases of electric burns to the genitalia, skin graft offer a good therapeutic option.  (+info)

Survival of an eight-year-old child with a very severe high-tension electrical burn injury: a case report. (8/43)

We present the management and survival of an eight-year-old boy with a severe high-tension electrical burn injury of 68% of total body surface area in a surgical intensive care unit, as a result of a well-planned and applied treatment strategy. Subsequent to escharotomy and fasciotomy operations under general anesthesia, the patient was taken into the surgical intensive care unit. In addition, patient underwent nine more operations including right femur disarticulation and split-thickness skin graftings with homografts from his brother and autografts. The patient was connected to mechanical ventilator for 59 days. By the time the patient was transferred to plastic and reconstructive surgery ward, he was fully conscious, cooperated and hemodynamically stable.  (+info)

Commonwealth Edison Worker Dies of Electrical Burn Injuries from Chicago Work Accident :: Chicago Workers Compensation Lawyer Blog
An electrical burn is a burn that results from electricity passing through the body causing rapid injury. Approximately 1,000 deaths per year due to electrical injuries are reported in the United States, with a mortality rate of 3-5%. Electrical burns differ from thermal or chemical burns in that they cause much more subdermal damage. They can exclusively cause surface damage, but more often tissues deeper underneath the skin have been severely damaged. As a result, electrical burns are difficult to accurately diagnose, and many people underestimate the severity of their burn. In extreme cases, electricity can cause shock to the brain, strain to the heart, and injury to other organs. For a burn to be classified as electrical, electricity must be the direct cause. For example, burning a finger on a hot electric steam iron would be thermal, not electrical. Electricity passing through resistance creates heat, so there is no current entering the body in this type of burn. Likewise, a fire that is ...
Care guide for Electrical Burn In Children (Inpatient Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and support.
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Disclaimer: The information on this web site may include details regarding recent settlements and verdicts the law firm has obtained. This information should not be considered by you as a representation that the same results can be obtained in your case nor as a guarantee of a specific result for your case. Every case is different and must be evaluated on its own merit. Results vary depending on the specific facts of legal circumstances of each persons case. Every case is unique. Any result Walker Law may achieve on behalf of a client in one matter does not necessarily indicate similar results can be obtained for other clients. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of gas channel depth on current density distribution of polymer electrolyte fuel cell by numerical analysis including gas flow through gas diffusion layer. AU - Inoue, Gen. AU - Matsukuma, Yosuke. AU - Minemoto, Masaki. PY - 2006/6/19. Y1 - 2006/6/19. N2 - In order to apply a numerical analysis to design an actual scale separator in polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), it is needed to enlarge the calculation size. In this study, mass transfer and flow in gas diffusion layer were calculated, and gas diffusion layer (GDL) mass transfer approximate model based on the theoretical model was developed. Next, with this model, PEFC reaction and thermal flow analysis model, which enabled us to calculate the case of an actual scale cell, was made. Furthermore, the effects of separator channel depth on output performance and current density distribution were examined with this numerical analysis. As a result, in the case of shallow channels, the oxygen transfer rate to electrode ...
0096] Similarly as with the embodiments in FIGS. 2 through 7, in the embodiment in FIGS. 8 and 9 the different shapes of the electrode surfaces 320, 340, when the first jaw member 30 is in the first working position 301, cause a strong concentration of the current flow with a distinct maximum of current density in the vicinity of the edge 326 on the first electrode 32 and, when the first jaw member 30 is in the second working position 302, the smooth shape of the electrode surface 340 causes a markedly less concentrated current density distribution. The difference between the current density distributions in the working positions 301, 302 of the first jaw member 30 is, however, smaller in the embodiment in FIGS. 8 and 9 than in the embodiments in FIGS. 2 through 7 because the groove 426 on the electrode 42 of the second jaw member 40 corresponding to the edge 326 on the first electrode 32 of the first jaw member 30 partly counteracts the concentration of current density. In addition, the convex ...
Numerical modeling is becoming an integral part of all research and development within the field of electrolytic systems. A numerical model that calculates the current density distribution and concentration profiles of a chlorate cell is presented here, The results are shown as functions of electrolyte velocity and exchange current density. The model takes into account the three transport mechanisms; diffusion, migration, and convection by considering the development of the flow velocity vector through the channel. It was seen that the developing velocity profile influences the concentration overpotentials, which in turn influences current density distributions. Results from the model show that the total current density decreased along the length of the anode, and that this distribution varied more at lower velocities. In addition, it was seen that migration contributes significantly to species transport, even within the diffusion layer. Finally, the model indicates that the hypochlorite ion is ...
Many of the reactants proposed for use in fuel cells are gases. These undergo oxidation or reduction involving charge transfer on the solid surface of a porous matrix in the presence of an electrolytic solution. The purpose of the investigation was to determine where the reaction takes place spacially and what factors control the distribution and rate of the reaction. The variation of current density distribution along a plane, partially immersed electrode relative to the apparent meniscus was measured as a function of total applied current. Measurements are reported for the cathodic current density distribution of O2 gas and aqueous KOH electrolyte on sectioned Ni and Ag electrodes. These measurements show that the current extends well above the apparent meniscus into a thin electrolyte film on the surface of the electrode. The behavior of this system can be predicted by a mathematical model. Author
For the two to start with- and second-degree burns, utilize great jogging water to the region for a minimum of 10 minutes. This can assistance decrease swelling. One of the most severe burns are third-diploma burns. Not only are every one of the levels of skin burnt, but muscle, Excess fat, bone, and various tissues are quickly or completely affected. A 3rd-degree burn needs professional medical focus. Another severe burn up that will need treatment method can be an electrical burn up, like from an influence cable. These sorts of burns might trigger interior damage, even when the burn up doesnt depart a mark over the pores and skin ...
Between these two agents should be from frozen viagra prescriptions get online plasma plasma from whole blood is called a plaque. Safety is an important antecedent factor. Mg/kg/d every h. Propafenone mg/m in doses or mg/kg, administer analgesia standard dosage hydroxyzine. Deafness sometimes occurs. In patients with low-stage medulloblastoma results in a straining infant often leads to bone deformity. Clinical findings three clinical subtypes are recognized promptly and appropriately. Monitored and maintained by the world due to therapy may reduce the incidence of klinefelter syndrome. Plain radiographs can be at risk for. Stridor has been attempted in down syndrome should be reviewed in this case, after bone marrow is very important. Aldosterone blockers epleronone have been less promising. However, results of of higher oxygen requirements and electrical burn may be initially treated by applying slight pressure if pulmonary hypertension or cor pulmonale seen in moderate respiratory distress. ...
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The DMS brand deep muscle stimulator is the premium DMS available, and with that comes a rather high investment. We set out to look at whether or not this..
The deep muscles that affect the knee are generally smaller than those that are directly involved in flexing the knee. The muscles tend to vary in terms of size, length, mass, and thickness.
How to relax and help your body to recover from the negative effects of everydays stress effects by practicing deep muscle relaxation breathing technique?
This is a printable worksheet called Superficial and deep muscles from a dorsal view - Printable and was created by member isy-anderson
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POWER DENSITY AND FAST RECHARGE The power density of a battery is important for the efficiency of electric vehicles. A high power density is required to recapture high amounts of energy in a short time during regenerative braking or fast recharge. This gives a difficult optimization problem, since the system has to cope with very high current densities during recharge and relatively low current densities during discharge. It also relates to the design of the thermal management and the current collectors mentioned earlier. In addition, the design of fundamental battery components such as the electrodes, separator, and electrolyte are of great importance for power density. LIFE, RELIABILITY, AND SAFETY Life is a major consideration where safety and reliability are closely related. Discharge, wear, and failure should occur slowly and in a controlled and transparent way. This is not only an issue of the chemistry of the battery, but also of the design, since uneven current density distribution and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evaluation of the optimal separator shape with reaction and flow analysis of polymer electrolyte fuel cell. AU - Inoue, Gen. AU - Matsukuma, Yosuke. AU - Minemoto, Masaki. PY - 2006/3/9. Y1 - 2006/3/9. N2 - The small polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) was experimented by changing operation temperature and H2 and O2 concentration in supply gas, and the PEFC reaction characteristic model that can express these influences was created. Moreover, PEFC reaction and flow analysis model was made with this reaction characteristic model and thermal flow analysis model. Furthermore, in order to improve the performance and the safety of PEFC, five kinds of separators were evaluated from the viewpoint of state of gas flow, uniformity of current density and temperature, reduction of pressure loss and exhaustibility of liquid water with this PEFC reaction and flow analysis model. In case of parallel separator, flow rate and current density distribution was not uniform, and exhaustibility of ...
TY - CONF. T1 - MEG analysis with spatial filter and multiple linear regression. AU - Okawa, Shinpei. AU - Honda, Satoshi. PY - 2004/12/1. Y1 - 2004/12/1. N2 - A spatial filterlor MEG analysis which does not utilize any temporal and prior information is proposed. The spatial filter is normalized to satisfy the criterion which is derived from the definition of the spatial filter. Due to the normalization, the spatial filter outputs the largest value at its target position. Furthermore, the current density distribution estimated with spatial filter is localized with Mallows Cp statistic which selects an optimum regression model. Some numerical experiments verify that this method estimates almost correct positions of dipoles. It is also confirmed that new method we propose gives more reliable estimation than the conventional method which decides dipole on the position of the largest current density estimated with spatial filter iteratively.. AB - A spatial filterlor MEG analysis which does not ...
We investigate the effect of lattice geometry on the magnetic anisotropy and transport properties of Ni80Fe20 antidot nanostructures. The structures were fabricated using deep ultra-violet lithography at 248nm exposure wavelength. For an antidot array with a square lattice, a fourfold magnetic anisotropy with alternating hard axis and easy axis every 45° was observed. The honeycomb and rhomboid antidot lattice, however, both show a sixfold anisotropy, conforming well to the symmetry of their respective lattices. The magnetic hysteresis and micromagnetic simulation of the spin states at remanence show that the magnetization reversal process is very sensitive to the lattice arrangement of the holes. From the magnetotransport measurements, both the current density distribution and the magnetoresistance behaviour are markedly dependent on the antidot lattice geometry, in agreement with our transport simulations. © 2006 IOP Publishing Ltd ...
Continued From Above... The anterior muscles, such as the quadriceps femoris, iliopsoas, and sartorius, work as a group to flex the thigh at the hip and extend the leg at the knee. Posterior muscles, such as the hamstrings and gluteus maximus, produce the opposite motion - extension of the thigh at the hip and flexion of the leg at the knee. Lateral muscles, such as the gluteus medius, abduct the thigh at the hip while the medial groin muscles adduct the thigh. All of these muscle groups provide powerful contractions to propel the body while making fine adjustments to maintain the bodys posture and balance.. Located inferior to the knee are a number of muscles that move the ankle, foot, and toes. The calf muscles, including the gastrocnemius and soleus, join to form the strong calcaneal (Achilles) tendon of the heel and attach to the calcaneus bone in the heel. These muscles contract to plantar flex the foot - such as when standing on your tiptoes - and flex the toes. Shin muscles, such as the ...
By preventing injuries, self-massage may be the best way for active people to stay active. By best, I mean most effective and least costly. If you’re an active person, you run the risk of
Our massage tools, when used as they are intended, can help you to manage many of the common muscle aches and pains that can come from recreational, physical and occupational stress and overuse injuries. Pressure Positive massage tools and the products we represent, contain no mysterious power, but they do work in a way that lets you manage and take control of your own health and well being on a daily basis.
Tim McComsey, owner of TRyM Fitness and rock-star personal trainer, breaks out another tricep exercise you can easily tag onto the end of any arm workout. This hits all three parts of your triceps muscle group and gets deep into the muscle fibers with the addition of explosive reps. Start with a normal body weight dip
vc_row][vc_column width=1/1][vc_column_text]If youve heard of IMS and acupuncture, you may find yourself wondering what the difference is. After all, they both involve needles! Although the two have the needle in common, the techniques and aims of the treatments are quite different.. Lets take a look at both of these treatments. IMS or Intramuscular Stimulation is a technique that uses needles to find and diagnose muscle shortening and tightening in deep muscles. The goal of the IMS needling technique is to release this deep muscle tension. It works by putting a thin needle into a muscle that is tight. The muscle will then twitch, or cramp, and then it go into a state of relaxation which can help the patient have improved mobility, relaxation of the muscle, and a reduction in pain.. As an example, if you have muscle pain that always seems to be there and if its the type of pain that feels better for a short time, lets say, after a massage, but then tenses back up again then you could be ...
The easiest way to think of this treatment is to relate it to a deep tissue massage. The goal of both treatments is to target deep muscles; however, these structures are often times difficult to treat using only ones hands. Dry needling uses a very fine solid monofilament needle which is inserted into these deep muscles, which causes the muscle to relax. This allows you to move better with decreased pain, ultimately allowing for function to be restored. In addition to using the needle, your therapist may also use electrical stimulation to intramuscularly activate the muscle.. ...
The muscles of the lower back help stabilize, rotate, flex, and extend the spinal column, a bony system comprised of 24 vertebrae that gives the body structure and houses the spinal cord. The spinal cord and its nerves are the means by which the body and brain communicate.
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The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) has popularized our awareness of checking for asymmetries in the body during movement. Muscle strains and joint
These techniques can include: Meditation progressive deep muscle relaxation and self-control of voiding. An appropriate evaluation target date of this change is based on clinical criteria. No yes possible cause recurrent bouts of pain intensity. To move a victim stung in the abdominal wall, may be used to describe thismon type of assistance needed from the lungs, and gastrointestinal toxicity. Interviewing the person and with enough to cover all the dihydropyridines have the strongest impact on the age of 7, 40 per cent effective and relatively high pka of about 70 days. Older women, with imbalances in androgen-estrogen hormones, may have an allergic reaction. Ensure adequate padding and proper position for voiding. Social isolation f. Legal difficulties g. Lack of recognition or rewards 11. 11) to help count the number of pills have been reported. This is the child is still expected to have ingested a known area of the oue. Powerlessness, risk for caregiver burnout. If a deficit in hygiene, ...
Superficial muscles are close to the surface of the skin. Muscles which lie closer to bone or internal organs are called deep muscles.. ...
Table 5 Superficial muscles of the anterior (flexor) compartment of the forearm, Table 6 Deep muscles of the anterior (flexor) compartment of the forearm.
According to bodybuilder Karen Sessions, the deep muscles in the abdominal wall, such as the transversus abdominus and lumbar multifidus, form a belt around the vertebrae that supports posture and helps to control breathing.
The novel design of a deep muscle along the spinal column called the multifidus muscle may in fact be key to spinal support and a healthy back, according to researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.
Strengthening Your Trapezius, Rhomboids and Dorsi With Free Weights. The latissimus dorsi, trapezius and rhomboids are among the main muscles of the back. The lats and traps are large muscles that can be seen superficially, or from the outside. The rhomboids are much smaller muscles that cannot be seen superficially ...
objectives By the end of the lecture you should be able to: Enumerates the group of muscles forming the forearm. Arrange these muscles into anterior (flexors) and posterior (extensors). Enumerate each of these groups of muscles into superficial and deep muscles. Remember the nerve supply and action of these muscles.
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MAIN CHARACTERISTICS 4 1.Single bed and single bulb. 2.Design according to the electric mechanism of middle-size machine.The function is full and reasonable. 3.The high-tension system is of march-past structure.Equipped with afullwave...
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The objective of this study is to explore the magnitude and pattern of electrical injury in Bangladesh. A national survey was conducted between January and December 2003 in Bangladesh. Nationally representative data were collected from 171,366 rural and urban households comprising a 819,429 population. The survey was conducted at a household level with a structured questionnaire. The incidence of fatal and non-fatal injury was found to be 1.6 and 73.7 per 100,000 population year respectively. Compared to females, males were found at a higher risk (RR 1.62; 95% CI 1.37-1.91) and rural people found more vulnerable compared to urban people (RR 5.97; 95% CI 4.71-7.57). The home was found as the most common place for electrical injury, with more than 50% of injury taking place at home. The household source of electricity was found as the most common source of electrical injury. Lightning was also found as major source for electrical injury which constituted more than 25% of the injuries cause by ...
Increased smartphone use among minors makes our population more prone to electrical injury. Despite regulations on electrical home safety standards, smartphones and chargers still pose a risk for severe injury among users. We present a case of a patient with low-voltage electrical burns due to smartphone use in a bathtub. The 13-year-old Caucasian patient was using a smartphone plugged into the electrical grid while taking a bath. We report the burns and their treatment. We discuss the likely burn mechanism. Burn wounds after electrical injury due to smartphone use are rare. The presented case shows the danger of smartphone use in bathtubs.
1.0 1.1 Kym D, Seo DK, Hur GY, Lee JW. Epidemiology of electrical injury: Differences between low- and high-voltage electrical injuries during a 7-year study period in South Korea. Scand J Surg. 2015 Jun;104(2):108-14. ...
Originally from south Florida, John Creagh is no stranger to random electrical storms and, after a stint in the ED at the University of Miami School of Medicine, the injuries they incur. So when asked to present at Grand Rounds at the Johns Hopkins Childrens Center in Baltimore, where he is a pediatric resident, it was only natural for him to choose the acute care and management of electrical injuries as his topic.. Electrical injuries dont happen that frequently up here so I thought it would be good to look at the literature and figure out what pediatricians need to look for and how they should treat patients, says Creagh.. What did he learn?. ...
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Patients with high-voltage electrical injuries had very high rates of infection, morbidity, and limb amputation. The results of early and late flap coverage in these patients were prospectively compared. The patients were divided into two groups, early flap group (≤3 weeks) and late flap group (|3 w
Electrical injury is a physiological reaction caused by electric current passing through the (human) body. Electric shock occurs upon contact of a (human) body part with any source of electricity that causes a sufficient magnitude of current to pass through the victims flesh, viscera or hair. Physical contact with energized wiring or devices is the most common cause of an electric shock. In cases of exposure to high voltages, such as on a power transmission tower, physical contact with energized wiring or objects may not be necessary to cause electric shock, as the voltage may be sufficient to jump the air gap between the electrical device and the victim. The injury related to electric shock depends on the magnitude of the current. Very small currents may be imperceptible or produce a light tingling sensation. A shock caused by low current that would normally be harmless could startle an individual and cause injury due to suddenly jerking away from the source of electricity, resulting in one ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - POTENTIAL INJURY REDUCTION THROUGH USE OF DIESEL EQUIPMENT. T2 - AN ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICAL INJURIES.. AU - Bennett, J. D.. AU - Passmore, D. L.. PY - 1985/12/1. Y1 - 1985/12/1. N2 - The degree of injury and days lost from work due to an injury are examined for selected electrical sources, occurring in conjunction with falls of the injured miner or with selected machinery, that could have been eliminated by use of diesel equipment. Although the number of preventable electrical source injuries is small relative to the total number of injuries during the period examined, many lost-time injuries could have been precluded and thousands of days lost from work could have been avoided.. AB - The degree of injury and days lost from work due to an injury are examined for selected electrical sources, occurring in conjunction with falls of the injured miner or with selected machinery, that could have been eliminated by use of diesel equipment. Although the number of preventable electrical ...
Learn about your options for pursuing compensation for an electrical injury by contacting a Houston personal injury lawyer at The Daspit Law Firm. No fees unless we win your case!
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Definition of deep muscles of back. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Includes medical terms and definitions.
An air injection portable inter-dental toothbrush can be devised consisting of: driving section (10), including air injection pan (14), filter (15) for removing foreign aerial substance from outside, pan motor (16) for bringing in air and supplying it to air injection pan (14), battery (18) as a power for driving the pan and a battery still attached bedding (19); cleaning section (20), including cleansing fluid inlets and hose (24) which is composed of a container (21) for keeping cleansing fluid, where the cleansing fluid container (21) is connected to the hose while the other end of the latter being attached to the center of the gravity so that the fluid inlets and hose can infuse cleansing fluid no matter how the containers position changes, a valve (26) which can control cleansing fluid flow, a stopper (28) by which cleansing fluid being refilled or replaced; injecting section (30), including injecting nozzle 1 (31) where air brought in by driving section (10) and cleansing fluid supplied by
The correct answer is C. Lorraine Lau and Anton Helman covered Electrical Injuries on EM cases this week.. Fortunately, cardiac complications from electrical injury are relatively uncommon with an overall incidence of 4-17%. Atrial fibrillation is the most common arrhythmia. Other ECG findings are bundle branch blocks, AV-blocks, QT prolongation, ST-changes, ventricular fibrillation and asystole. The fatal arrhythmias normally appear directly after the electrical trauma, with a VF more common after a trauma with alternating current and an asystole more common after injury with direct current. Cardiac monitoring is required in the first few hours for all high voltage (,1000V) injured patients, and for low voltage injured patients with symptoms (chest pain or syncope). Troponines are only indicated in patients with clinical presentation of cardiac ischemia and should not be obtained routinely.. ...
Modern human life is driven by technology . We are gradually taken over by gadgets .Heart is not an exception . Implantable cardiovertor defibrillator (ICD ) is major innovation where in , an electrically wayward heart is brought under control by series of automatic shocks . One of my patients with old MI and significant…
May is National Electrical Safety Month and the following information from the National Safety Council can help you get started in assessing your workplaces electrical safety knowledge. Sound safety practices can help minimize electrical hazards and cut down the risk of accidents. The hazard of electricity cannot be eliminated, but it can be controlled through…
Although we all have slightly different stories as to how these symptoms just showed up one day, my acupuncturist now had a really good analogy that made a lot of sense to me. He said our bodies are constantly adapting to the stress, toxins, and abuse we subject them to day in and day out. The often adapt to allow us to keep on feeling good, but not all adaptations are for our overall health benefit. He compared the bodys tollerance threshold for stress, toxins, and abuse as an empty glass. As we subject it to more and more and it goes on adapting and putting up with everything the glass begins to fill up. One day we reach the point where the water begins to overflow because the tollerance threshold has been reached. We can no longer adapt to feel fine any longer and something has to give. Physical symptoms begin to manifest. We are suddenly aware there is a problem, but the truth is it has been in the works for years. When he works on me, he is working to address the many adaptations that were ...
Whether you need exact original equipment specification parts or high-quality replacement parts, you can rely on ACDelco Emission components, Fuel Injection and Control Modules to deliver. With our OE Service and Professional lines, we can keep your GM car, truck or SUV running in tip-top form. Our portfolio includes: Fuel Injectors, Control Modules, Mass Air Flow Sensors, Oxygen Sensors, Exhaust Gas Recirculation Valves, Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensors, Throttle Position Sensors, Idle Air Control Valves and Secondary Air Injection Reaction Systems. This solenoid is designed and manufactured to resolve an issue with the the Original Equipment (OE) canister solenoid. For your protection, this high quality canister solenoid valve kit is supplied with a 12-month/12,000-Mile Limited Warranty. AC Delco is a parts and service division of General Motors. The company has been in the automotive industry for over 100 years and it currently headquartered in Grand Blanc, Michigan. AC Delco is named for ...
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If you have suffered a work injury resulting in scarring or disfigurement, contact the Philadelphia scarring and disfigurement attorneys for a free confidential consultation.
Electrical injuries comprise only a small fraction of burn injuries admitted to specialized centers. High voltage injuries may not be survivable. The flow of current through the body interferes with tissues conducting electricity on their own (nerves, heart) and expends its energy on tissues with highest resistance, the bones, causing high temperature damage from the […]. ...
Working near an electrical hazard is dangerous and can be fatal. Any work on or near energized equipment must be done only when measures are in place to provide protection from electric shock and burn. With adequate safety measures in place, every electrical injury and fatality can be prevented.
This 6-page guide is loaded with beautifully illustrated diagrams with blank labels for a true test of your knowledge. Includes detailed blank-labeled diagrams of: skeletal system, vertebral column & bone structure, skull, vertebrae & nerve structure, lymphatic network, respiratory system & nervous system, endocrine system, digestive system & viscera,colon & urinary system, male & female reproductive system, circulatory system & blood circuits,posterior heart, anterior heart, circulation, nerves & arteries , muscles, deep muscles & muscles of the head, brain (sagittal section) & surface brain, brachial & sacral plexus,hip ligaments, components of the finger,hip & sciatic nerve,knee ligaments, front & back, head: eye, ear, nose & mouth, skin, ear interior, anatomy of the hand and foot ...
Flashcard anatomy of the deep muscles of the back. Learn all about the anatomical features of the deep back muscles with our flashcard images and videos.
One more one particular thats so normally missed will be the deep neck muscles on the front while in the neck, not merely these chaps from the again, everyone knows about These ones that debunks regular rigidity problems but these deep muscles for the entrance around the neck, their occupation is essentially to stabilize and help the neck, and Any time theyre not Functioning perfectly and The pinnacle will get type of floppy and uncomfortable, and which can unquestionably upset the muscles at The bottom of the cranium there and that is that headache that so Loads of folks know ...
Sarah Costonis, L. Ac., has been practicing massage and manual therapy since 1998, and acupuncture since 2005. She weaves a deeply nurturing space for her clients, expertly treating from the superficial fascia and lymph passageways down to the deep muscles, nerves, and brain. Sarah loves to unpack layer after layer of tension, leaving you floating out of the room, and creating a deep memory of relaxation that your body can return to as a new baseline. With acupuncture and craniosacral therapy treatments, Sarah can treat a range of physical and emotional disorders. She specializes in working with headaches and neck pain, anxiety, depression, insomnia, womens health, and immune system and digestive health.. Sarah graduated from the Sarasota School of Natural Healing Arts in 1998, received a BA cum laude in Religious Studies at Macalester College in 2000, and her Masters degree in Traditional Chinese Medicine at East-West College in Sarasota, FL, in 2005. She studied craniosacral therapy ...
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Spine head mount. Perfect for gently massaging the neck and spine. Flat head mount. Full body application - Apply everywhere for a revitalizing feel. Ball head mount. Made for relieving larger muscle groups - A more intense treatment. Bullet head mount. Perfect for deep muscle penetration when pain relief is crucial.
Overview Lateral pterygoid (also called external pterygoid) is a deep muscle located in the face and is part of the muscle group that has a primary role in chewing (mastication). It is short, flat, thick and somewhat conical in shape. … ...
Once fitness instructors and club members discovered that strengthening and stabilizing the body's core is a key component of fitness, the core training scene blew up. And now - with a bit more time at home than usual - the situation is ripe for YOU to turn up the heat on your own core at home.Just as any building requires a strong foundation, your body needs a strong core to improve posture, correct imbalances and enhance coordination when you put the body in motion. This translates to better athletic performance and improved functional capacity.Another reason to love core training is that it's an ideal complement to the Spinning® program. Core strength and stability lead to increased power in the pedal stroke as well as an increased ability to support the spine in jumps and standing positions. Last, but not least, core training conditions the deep muscles of the abdomen and lower back, and strengthening these muscles is key to a healthy back.Lets dive a little deeper into core training,
Versatile wooden massage tool that can be used on hands, feet or other parts of the body. The Massage Stick is efficient for targeted and deep muscle treatment.
Some of the main symptoms of fibromyalgia in women include morning stiffness, deep muscle pain and painful, tender areas on the body, according to WebMD. Additional symptoms can include ongoing...
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The BBA National Burn Awareness Day, organised by the Prevention Sub-committee, will be held on Wednesday 18 October 2017. 6,637 children were burned or scalded in 2016. This figure only relates to the most serious burns and scalds - This doesnt include the thousands of children seen by emergency departments ...
CiteSeerX - Scientific documents that cite the following paper: A.: Applying Specific Clusterization and Fingerprint Density Distribution with Genetic Algorithm Overall Tuning
Figure 4: Molecular structure, electron charge density distribution and docking pictures of 4-(2-Methyl sulfanyl-6-phenyl-pyrimidine-4-yl)-phenol (Molecule No. 8) with Enoyl ACP Reductase (2NTV ...
600,000 per day by use of electric power from projects on the Columbia River rather than local power companies burning more ... The project was undertaken as a close collaboration between General Electric of the U.S. and ASEA of Sweden, and the system was ... The US has a process of designating National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors, and it is likely that this process would ... Although FACTS alternating current have drawbacks for long distances, American Electric Power has championed a 765 kV super ...
Flat iron burns - feet are burned with flat irons. Victims include Cenon Sembrano and Bonfiacio Ilagan. Candle burns. Victims ... Electric shock (also known as the Meralco Treatment) - where electric wires were attached to fingers, genitalia, arms or the ... Manila Electric Co. (Meralco) The Manila Electric Company (Meralco) was one of the largest corporations in the Philippines ... "The Burning of Jolo" (Third Week). Philippines Dispatch. April 1986. Retrieved October 9, 2017. Tan, Kimberly Jane (September ...
"Drifter LG50". Burns London. "Marty Wilde - Antoria electric guitar". British Music Experience. Archived from the original on ... By the late 1950s or early 1960s, they made up to 1,500 slide guitars, 1,600 electric guitars and basses, 2,000 guitar ... Then, they indicated him a Kawai electric guitar and said that "Please manufacture as same as this", and the business had ... 60's Bizarre Guitars 1993, p. 32 フジゲン創成期(エレキギター生産の始まり) [Genesis of FujiGen (beginning of the electric guitar production)]. ...
Burns, Russell, ed. Radar Development to 1945. London: Institution of Electrical Engineers. 2007. Chapter 8 Bawdsey Research ... Leonard Chapman was born on 28 March 1910 to father George Chapman and mother Ellen Cole. George Chapman was serving at the ... after which he attended the Royal Air Force Electrical and Radio School for 3 years. Finally in 1937 he attended the Ground ... the Royal Air Force Electrical and Wireless school for training aircraft apprentices. Subsequently, Chapman attended the ...
Burns, RW (2000). John Logie Baird: Television pioneer. History of Technology. 28. London: Institution of Electrical Engineers ... Peter Labilliere was born in Dublin on 30 May 1725 to a family of French Huguenot descent. He joined the British Army at the ... Burns 2000, p. 205 McLean DF (2014). "The Achievement of Television: The Quality and Features of John Logie Baird's System in ... He installed a small-scale electricity generating plant in a purpose-built outbuilding, to provide electrical power for his ...
Burns, Russell (2004). Communications: an international history of the formative years. Inst. of Electrical Engineers. p. 541. ... Bain's telegraph is installed on the wires of the Electric Telegraph Company on one line. Later, in 1850, it was used in ... "1978: First 'test tube baby' born". BBC. 25 July 1978. Retrieved 13 June 2009. The birth of the world's first "test tube baby" ... It was also the first underground railway to operate electric trains - London Underground Advanced Passenger Train (APT) was an ...
This guitar is the earliest solid body electric guitar to be commercially produced in the UK. Jim Burns left Supersound in ... Day, Paul (Winter 2012). "Electric Dreams". Vintage Rock Magazine Issue 5 p. 90. Day, Paul (1979). The Burns Book. The ... The Supersound Short Scale Standard (1958)] is the earliest known, UK-made, solid electric.... "The different Burns companies ... Jim Burns built the body and neck with the electronics and finished completed by Alan Wootton. Supersound Ike Isaacs Short ...
... electric shocks or burns; being forced to squat or kneel, without moving, for hours at a time; being handcuffed to other ... He also reported that a woman was tortured with electric shocks to her breasts. The Venezuelan Penal Forum also reported ... Electricity Minister Jesse Chacon said 22 vehicles of the company Corpoelec had been burned and that some public property ... Apart from peaceful demonstrations, an element in some protests includes burning trash, creating barricades and have resulted ...
Burns, R W. (1998). Television: An International History of the Formative Years. The Institute of Electrical Engineers (IEE) ( ... Burns, R.W. (2000). The life and times of A.D. Blumlein. IET. p. 181. ISBN 978-0-85296-773-7. Retrieved 5 March 2010. ... R. W. Burns, Television: An International History of the Formative Years, IET, 1998, p. 119. ISBN 0-85296-914-7. Wilfred S. ... Burns, R.W. Television: An international history of the formative years. (1998). IEE History of Technology Series, 22. London: ...
Burns, Russell W. (2004). Communications: An International History of the Formative Years. Institution of Electrical Engineers ... Although the device was a radio transmitter, it resembled an electric generator used to produce electric power in a power plant ... It was produced by General Electric and used by its subsidiary RCA and the US Navy. Bethenod-Latour alternator - This machine ... The Goldschmidt alternator was turned by a powerful DC electric motor attached to the shaft, through a geartrain which ...
Burns, R.W. (1998). Television: An International History of the Formative Years. London: The Institution of Electrical ...
Burns, R. W. (1998). Television: An International History of the Formative Years. The Institute of Electrical Engineers (IEE) ( ... Burns, R. W. (2000). The life and times of A D Blumlein. IET. p. 181. ISBN 978-0-85296-773-7. Retrieved March 5, 2010. ... General Electric's experimental station in Schenectady, New York, on the air sporadically since January 13, 1928, was able to ... R. W. Burns, Television: An International History of the Formative Years, IET, 1998, p. 98. ISBN 0-85296-914-7. Western ...
"Electric Trains to Run on Phila.-Trenton Line". The Evening Courier. Camden, New Jersey. June 23, 1930. p. 6. Retrieved January ... "Eddington RR Station Burns". The Bristol Daily Courier. September 28, 1956. Retrieved December 20, 2015 - via ... The former Pennsylvania Railroad depot at Eddington was burned down in late September 1956 as part of a suspected arson. " ...
Burns with cigarette stubs. Blows by rods on the genitals. Tying up and blindfolding for days. Bites by dogs. Electric shocks ... It describes "more refined techniques" being used: electric shocks and special "small" cells in which a prisoner cannot sit or ... burns by cigarettes; cutting body with razor blades; standing naked for long periods in hot or cold; drenching in hot or cold ... electric shocks and execution. The prisoner was released after 17 days. He is quoted as saying that he had the same treatment ...
Burns, Russell W. (2004). Communications: An International History of the Formative Years. London: Institute of Electrical ... Since the filament eventually burns out, the tube has a limited lifetime and is made as a replaceable unit; the electrodes are ... American Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers. 25: 735-763. doi:10.1109/t-aiee.1906.4764762. Retrieved March 30, ... Other inventions made possible by the triode were television, public address systems, electric phonographs, and talking motion ...
Burns, R.W. (2004). Communications: An international history of the formative years. Institution of Electrical Engineers. p. 77 ...
Burns, R.W. (1998). Television: An International History of the Formative Years. London: The Institution of Electrical ... It claimed to be the biggest indoor rock festival ever staged.[citation needed] After the fire, the burnt-out shell of the ... The Sinclair C5 battery electric vehicle was launched at the palace in January 1985, one week after the closure of the 405-line ...
Burns, R. W. (1998). Television: An International History of the Formative Years. The Institute of Electrical Engineers in ... In 1923, while employed by the Westinghouse Electric Corporation in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Russian-born American engineer ... The electrical charge produced by an image will remain in the face plate until it is scanned or until the charge dissipates. By ... Check date values in: ,date= (help) Burns, R. W. (2000). The life and times of A D Blumlein. IET. p. 181. ISBN 978-0-85296-773- ...
Burns, R. W. (1998). Television: An International History of the Formative Years. London: Institution of Electrical Engineers. ... 4 April: Electric trams introduced. 18 May: Alexandra Palace opens to the public. 20 June: Edward Elgar premières his concert ... October: "Cleft chin murder": U.S. Army deserter Karl Hulten and 18-year-old Welsh-born waitress Elizabeth Jones go on a 6-day ... 3 April: Anguillan-born Norwell Roberts becomes the first black officer in the Metropolitan Police Service. 13 April: The ...
Burns, R.W. (1998). Television: An International History of the Formative Years. London: The Institution of Electrical ... "Television's Opening Night: How the Box Was Born". 19 May 2020. BBC Television. Retrieved 7 June 2020. Missing or empty ,series ...
... born 1844) 26 November - Sir Jervoise Baines, colonial civil servant (born 1847) 17 December - A. N. Hornby, sportsman (born ... London: Institution of Electrical Engineers. p. 264. ISBN 9780852969144. Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library ... born 1851) 14 May - H. Rider Haggard, writer (born 1856) 22 May - John French, 1st Earl of Ypres, World War I field marshal ( ... born 1852) 19 July - John Indermaur, lawyer (born 1851) 20 November - Alexandra of Denmark, queen of Edward VII of the United ...
... electrical shocks with cattle prods, often into the rectum; cigarette burns; sitting on hot grills; acid dripped into nostrils ... near-drownings; mock executions; and an electric chair with a large metal mask to muffle screams. Prisoners were also ...
Burns, Todd (September 1, 2003). "Electric Company: Slow Food". Stylus. Retrieved June 17, 2013. v t e. ... Slow Food is the fifth album by Electric Company, released on April 9, 2001 through Planet Mu. All tracks are written by Brad ...
Burn, Jonathan. "New 2019 Vauxhall Vivaro Life arrives with all-electric version to follow". Auto Express. Retrieved 10 January ... The ProAce Electric, available in passenger (Verso) and cargo versions, is a Toyota-badged twin of the electric vans from ... The ProAce Electric is the first all-electric passenger vehicle offered under the Toyota brand in Europe. Citroen Dispatch (UK ... The electric motor produces 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) and 260 N⋅m (192 lb⋅ft) of torque. The Vivaro-e is available in three ...
"Clutch > Music Videos > Burning Beard". MTV. MTV Networks. 2005-08-01. Retrieved 2008-11-26. "Clutch > Music Videos > Electric ...
Besides electric fencing, efforts to keep elephants at bay have included tree barriers; burning tires; loud noise from sirens, ...
... three-wheel electric vehicle, called the Persuasive Electric Vehicle or PEV, to move both people and goods in central cities. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Mitchell, William J.; Borroni-Bird, Christopher; Burns, Lawrence D. (2010). Reinventing ... The electric car will be capable of climbing grades up to 20 percent. The CityCar was 60% the size of a Smart Car, and its ... The all-electric range is 120 kilometres (75 mi). The lithium-ion battery pack is located in the floor and can be recharged in ...
may cause electrical failures and decreased effectiveness of automobile brakes. has been found in excised tumors of terminal ... contributes to the "greenhouse effect". may cause severe burns. contributes to the erosion of our natural landscape. ...
Burns, A Post-Electric Play". The Washington Post. "Margo Jones Award Recipients". Jerome Lawrence and Robert E. Lee Theatre ... Burns, a post-electric play (2011-12) Craig Wright: Recent Tragic Events (2002-03); Grace (2003-04) Doug Wright: Watbanaland ( ...
The cause was attributed to electrical wiring, and occurred shortly after the final day of the ski season. A new 4,500-square- ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Finn, Natalie (March 30, 2009). "Bruce Willis' ski lodge burns down". E! Online. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Kauffman, Jason (April 1, 2009). "Soldier lodge victim of electric fire". (Ketchum) ...
Less subject to external artifacts, such as electrical noise or signal interference due to metal, because HEG is a measure of ... The heat detected by PIR is proportional to the amount of sugar being burned to maintain the increased metabolic rate necessary ... Currently, the most popular neurotherapy techniques utilize electroencephalography (EEG), which measures electrical brain ...
Landon was born Eugene Maurice Orowitz in the New York borough of Queens on Oct. 31, 1936. His father was Eli Maurice Orowitz, ... General Electric Theater, The Court of Last Resort, State Trooper (to episoder), Tales of Wells Fargo, Tombstone Territory (i ...
For an equivalent amount of heat, burning natural gas produces about 30 percent less carbon dioxide than burning petroleum and ... A pump seal failed at the Cove Point LNG import facility, releasing natural gas vapors (not LNG), which entered an electrical ... For LNG to burn, it must first vaporize, then mix with air in the proper proportions (the flammable range is 5 percent to 15 ... The LNG vaporized and turned into gas, which exploded and burned.. *February 10, 1973, Staten Island, New York, U.S. During a ...
He then pursued graduate studies at Princeton University, where he received his Ph.D. in electrical engineering and computer ... Christos Harilaos Papadimitriou (Greek: Χρήστος Χαρίλαος Παπαδημητρίου; born August 16, 1949) is a Greek theoretical computer ... where in 1972 he received his Bachelor of Arts degree in electrical engineering. ...
The 3-2/2-3 concept and terminology was developed in New York City during the 1940s by Cuban-born Mario Bauza while he was the ... The Africans adapted guajeos to electric guitars and gave them their regional flavor. The guitar-based music gradually spread ...
Wills' band at the time consisted of two fiddlers, two bass fiddles, two electric guitars, electric steel guitar, and a trumpet ... He was born on a farm in Kosse, Limestone County, Texas[6] to Emma Lee Foley and John Tompkins Wills.[7] His father was a ... He commanded enormous[clarification needed] fees playing dances there, and began to make more creative use of electric guitars ... Session rosters from 1938 show both "lead guitar" and "electric guitar" in addition to guitar and steel guitar in the Texas ...
One important rehabilitation tool for muscle atrophy includes the use of functional electrical stimulation to stimulate the ... stress and burning even after a very short ten-minute exposure, when such positioning is contrived during recovery. Muscular ... D.Zhang et al., Functional Electrical Stimulation in Rehabilitation Engineering: A survey, Nenyang technological University, ... burns, liver failure, etc., and the wasting Dejerine-Sottas syndrome (HMSN Type III). Glucocorticoids, a class of medications ...
"Bengal Telecommunication and Electric Company. Retrieved 2006-11-20.. *^ Huq, Mohammad Daniul. "Sadhu Bhasa". Banglapedia. ... Article 1: All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They possess conscience and reason. Therefore, ...
Electric charge • Coulomb's law • Electric field • Electric flux • Gauss's law • Electric potential energy • Electric potential ... Ampere was born in France in 1775. During his childhood, Ampere's father taught him Latin, until he found out that his son was ... Electrical Network. Electrical conduction • Electrical resistance • Capacitance • Inductance • Impedance • Resonant cavities • ... Ampère's law • Electric current • Magnetic field • Magnetization • Magnetic flux • Biot-Savart law • Magnetic dipole moment • ...
"Electrical Storm". How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb. "Vertigo" · "Sometimes You Can't Make It on Your Own" · "City of Blinding ... "Bad" · "Breathe" · "Fez - Being Born" · "Kite" · "Moment of Surrender" · "No Line on the Horizon" · "Stand Up Comedy" · " ...
For example, science might study the flow of electrons in electrical conductors by using already-existing tools and knowledge. ... evidence of burnt animal bones at the Cradle of Humankind suggests that the domestication of fire occurred before 1 Ma;[26] ... Main articles: History of technology, Timeline of historic inventions, and Timeline of electrical and electronic engineering ... but copper ores are quite common and some of them produce metal easily when burned in wood or charcoal fires. Eventually, the ...
The use of a transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation device has been shown to alleviate hyperalgesia.[28][29] ... suppresses spatial and temporal properties of burn-induced secondary Hyperalgesia in man: a double-blind, cross-over comparison ... "Methylprednisolone and Ketorolac rapidly reduce hyperalgesia around a skin burn injury and increase pressure pain thresholds". ... "Effects of oral pregabalin and aprepitant on pain and central sensitization in the electrical hyperalgesia model in human ...
Dennis John Kucinich (/kuːˈsɪnɪtʃ/; born October 8, 1946) is an American politician. A U.S. Representative from Ohio from 1997 ... After Kucinich refused to sell Municipal Light (now Cleveland Public Power), Cleveland's publicly owned electric utility, the ... Kucinich was born in Cleveland, Ohio, on October 8, 1946, as the eldest of the seven children of Virginia (née Norris) and ... He voted for an amendment to the constitution outlawing flag burning and desecration, however he has since taken up the ...
These include trauma centers, burn treatment centers, advanced neonatology unit services, organ transplants, high-risk ... These kinds of tests can be divided into recordings of: (1) spontaneous or continuously running electrical activity, or (2) ...
He started the Electric Equipment Company in 1934 using $3500 of his own savings. The company was sold to the Amana Society in ... Kitchens typically had a large brick hearth stove, a wood- or coal-burning oven, and a 6-foot-long (1.8 m) sink. Though ... Two years later, the Amana Society sold off the Electrical Department to an investment group organized by Foerstner. Renamed ... 1936 and renamed the Electrical Department of the Amana Society, though Foerstner remained as manager. The company was twice ...
It is also formed when nitrogen and acetylene are reacted by an electrical spark or discharge.[11] ... when it burns in oxygen.[20][21] ...
Thinking the explosion was an accident, Goku rescues the boy from the burning room. Alone in his new room, the boy is revealed ... They find some weird electric slime, and they figure out that the five-star dragon, Rage Shenron, is controlling the slime. ... " / "A Violent Ambition!! The Evil Life-form 'Baby' Is Born". Transcription: "Abakareta yabō!! Ja-aku seimeitai Bebī" (Japanese ...
Sometimes smoking is prohibited for safety reasons related to the burning embers produced. Oily waste is piled up after the ... smoking artificial cigarettes made from nicotine patches lit by creating sparks from inserting metal objects into electrical ... by banning the sale of all tobacco products to anyone born in and after the year 2000.[56][57] ...
... was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on January 19, 1902. Shortly thereafter, his parents John and Anna ... using the IBM electric tabulating machines, based on the punched card. This slim book is only 136 pages, including the index. ...
Robert Burns. *Albert Camus, French writer, playwright, activist, and absurdist philosopher, suffered from TB. He was forced to ... Charlie Christian, jazz guitarist; pioneer of the electric guitar. *William Kingdon Clifford, mathematician and philosopher ... Marie Bashkirtseff (1858-1884), talented Russian-born, French-educated painter and diarist, died from tuberculosis at the age ...
... tingling or burning starting at the feet or hands and over time possibly moving up the limbs. A test may show reduced sensation ... of people adversely impacts the heart's electrical conduction system, causing atrioventricular block that often manifests as ...
General Electric Theater, episode "The Golden Key" (1956) as Earl Hall. *General Electric Summer Originals, episode "The Joe E ... Brown was born on July 28, 1891, in Holgate, Ohio, near Toledo, into a large family of Welsh descent. He spent most of his ...
Burning bales of straw soaked in creosote were used to simulate the effects of incendiary bombs dropped by the first wave of ... In addition glow boxes were used to simulate the streets and railways of Bristol, the light bulbs were powered by electrical ...
"I Was Born" (2010). *"The Obituaries" (2011). *"Gates" (2012). *Electric Split (2013) (split with The Bouncing Souls) ... The Menzingers covered "Kate is Great" from The Bouncing Souls, and The Bouncing Souls covered "Burn After Writing" from On the ...
... each electron feels electric repulsion from the other electrons as well as electric attraction from the nucleus.[100] In the ... Lithium burns in air to form lithium oxide, but sodium reacts with oxygen to form a mixture of sodium oxide and sodium peroxide ... of electrical discharge. The ability of cells to produce electrical discharge is critical for body functions such as ... Electrical resistivity at 25 °C (nΩ·cm) 94.7. 48.8. 73.9. 131. 208. ? ...
... he occupied himself with research on the electrical organ of the torpedo genus of electric eels and on nervous organization ... Rudolf Wagner was born at Bayreuth, where his father was a professor in the gymnasium. He began the study of medicine at ...
Born, Max; Wolf, Emil (1999). Principles of Optics (7th expanded ed.). CUP Archive. p. 22. ISBN 978-0-521-78449-8. .. ... The strong electric field of high intensity light (such as output of a laser) may cause a medium's refractive index to vary as ... Since intensity is proportional to the square of the electric field, it will depend on the depth into the material as exp(−4πκz ... That κ corresponds to attenuation can be seen by inserting this refractive index into the expression for electric field of a ...
G.I. Gurdjieff taught that humans are not born with immortal souls but could develop them through certain efforts.[76] ... Manipulations of brain activity can be performed with direct electrical brain stimulation, magnetic brain stimulation using ...
Ron English (born 1959) is an American contemporary artist who explores brand imagery and advertising. Born in Decatur, ... Songs In English - a collaborative music project between artist Ron English and The Electric Illuminati ...
Air is then introduced to burn out the gasses, creating a graded, screened and de-dusted form of activated carbon. This is ... Such materials combine high hydrophobicity and chemical stability with electrical and thermal conductivity and can be used as ... Per adsorption-thermal regeneration cycle between 5-15 wt% of the carbon bed is burnt off resulting in a loss of adsorptive ... and the activated carbon is disposed of by complete burning, forming carbon dioxide (CO2). ...
"What is an Electrical Burn?" Electrical Safety. n.p. n.d. Web. 29 September 2011. . "Electrical Burn Injuries." Department of ... "Electrical Burns: Causes and Treatment." n.d. Web. 29 September 2014. . Docking, P. "Electrical Burn Injuries." Accident and ... and treatment of burns. Typically, an electrical burn patient has a lower affected body surface area than other burn patients, ... and any combination of these categories may be present on an electrical burn victim: Low-voltage burn. A burn produced by ...
Most Burns Electric Bass are eligible for free shipping. ... Get the guaranteed best prices on Burns Electric Bass at ... electric-bass. cat,site1BA. ?pageName=category-page&N=500258. Skip to main content Skip to footer #preHeaderPromoBar { ... burns","countryName":"united states","sortByType":"best match","category":"bass","RefinementValue":"burns"}. ... ":"electric bass","displayPerPage":"30","RefinementName":"brands","pageName":"electric bass","sourceCode":"directsourcecode2"," ...
This can often result in a burn. Learn more about treating electric shock and electrical burns. ... An electric shock occurs when a person comes into contact with an electrical energy source. ... In children, the typical electrical mouth burn from biting an electric cord appears as a burn on the lip. The area has a red or ... Electric Shock Overview. An electric shock occurs when a person comes into contact with an electrical energy source. Electrical ...
Electrical trauma: Presentation and management outcome in aPlastic surgical unit. An… ... Electric burn injury ---muhammad saaiq * 1. 1How to cite this article: Hameed-Ud-Din, M Ibrahim Khan, MuhammadSaaiq. Electrical ... Thermal and electrical burns in Jammu Province. J K Science 2005;7:61-3. 12) Ahuja BR, Bhattacharaya S. Burns in developing ... In our study electrical trauma constituted 5.70% of the overall burn injuryadmissions. This share of the electrical trauma is ...
The term electrical burn is used widely to describe the variety of injuries created by supraphysiologic electrical energy ... voltage burns occur in toddlers who bite electrical cords or in slightly older children who place metal objects into electrical ... If an electrical burn is suggested, certain clues to the type of injury (predominantly findings on the skin surface) may become ... Frequently, an electrical injury of significance, especially one in the extremities, seems more like a crush injury than a burn ...
Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Electrical Burn in minutes with SmartDraw. SmartDraw includes 1000s of ... Electrical Burn. Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Electrical Burn in minutes with SmartDraw. SmartDraw ... Electrical Burn. Cross-section view of skin after electrical burn.. LifeART Collection Images Copyright © 1989-2001 by ...
Burns, A Post-Electric Play. The Simpsons holds a place in the canon of high art in Anne Washburns endlessly fascinating ... Burns, A Post-Electric Play, now receiving its New York premiere at Playwrights Horizons. It seems like a far-fetched notion ... Burns could be appreciated for the sheer scope of its ambition and the breadth of its imagination. In this production, it also ... Burns (Sam Breslin Wright at his creepiest) becomes something distinctly more terrifying in this world still reeling from the ...
Listen to Electric Bush Project on Pandora today! ... Discover Electric Bush Projects top songs & albums, curated ...
Burns: A Post-Electric Play, which debuted on 42nd Street in August and has garnered rave reviews from Time magazine and the ... The Electric Mr. Burns "EX-CELLENT..." Post-apocalyptic survivors reenact a Simpsons episode that revolves around cartoon ... Burns: A Post-Electric Play begins with a small group of battered survivors consoling themselves in the darkness with memories ... Burns, the final act uses the barely remembered Simpsons episode as a framing for the actual apocalypse: "In the third act, ...
Burns, a Post-Electric Play (stylized Mr. Burns, a post-electric play) is an American black comedy play written by Anne ... Burns, a Post-Electric Play at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Mr. Burns, a Post-Electric Play at Playwrights Horizons. ... "Mr Burns, a Post-Electric Play". Woolly Mammoth. Retrieved 12 November 2018. "Mr. Burns, a post-electric play". Lortel Archives ... Burns) as the causes of civilizations decay." "Mr. Burns, a post-electric play". Samuel French. Samuel French, Inc. Archived ...
Burns: A Post-Electric Play, which debuted on 42nd Street in August and has garnered rave reviews from Time magazine and the ... The Electric Mr. Burns. Playwright Anne Washburn 91 wows Broadway with a drama that fuses Euripides with The Simpsons.. By ... Burns: A Post-Electric Play begins with a small group of battered survivors consoling themselves in the darkness with memories ... Burns, the final act uses the barely remembered Simpsons episode as a framing for the actual apocalypse: "In the third act, ...
Burns are caused by the electric cords, outlets and appliances in the household which can be prevented. ... Oral electric burns are more common in young children. ... Oral electrical cord burns in children are rare, but the ... "Due to their curiosity, young children are particularly at risk for oral electrical burns caused by household electrical cords ... Burns. Burn injuries have reached epidemic proportions in recent years. Burn accident statistics show that at least 50% of all ...
... the Volvo C30 EV is a battery electric vehicle, but owners will still need to top off a fuel tank -- provided they want a warm ... Still Gassy? Electric Volvo C30 EV Burns Ethanol For Interior Heating. Still Gassy? Electric Volvo C30 EV Burns Ethanol For ... opting to burn the bio-fuel as a heat source may prove more efficient than attempting to use the electric heater, which is ... Yes, the Volvo C30 EV is a battery electric vehicle, but owners will still need to top off a fuel tank -- provided they want a ...
Care guide for Electrical Burns in Adults (Aftercare Instructions). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard ... Electrical burns are injuries that are caused by an electric current. The electric current can pass through your body and cause ... Prevent electrical burns:. *If you work with electricity, wear clothing that protects you from electric currents. ... An electric current may also jump from an electrical source to you and burn your body. ...
Immediate first aid for burns. *First, stop the burning to prevent a more severe burn. *Heat burns (thermal burns): Smother any ... There are many types of burns.. *Heat burns (thermal burns) are caused by fire, steam, hot objects, or hot liquids. Scald burns ... Burns and Electric Shock. Topic Overview. Most burns are minor injuries that occur at home or work. It is common to get a minor ... layers of skin and tissue are burned. The deeper the burn and the larger the burned area, the more serious the burn is. ...
No fuses are blown, and when we inspected the outlets, two of them were melted and burned. Also, i seem to have phantom lights ... I used 2 appliances at once (microwave and convection oven). My electric went out after that. I lost 4 of the 5 outlets in my ... Re: electrical outlets burning Fixing it will put you in the same spot as before, but if you want to avoid the same situation, ... electrical outlets burning I have an older house, built in the 60s. I have about 15 outlets on one circuit. Five of the ...
This recall involves KitchenAid 1.7 Liter Electric Kettles. The kettles were sold in stainless steel, red, black, white, liquid ... The handle can loosen and separate from the kettle, causing hot contents to spill, posing a burn hazard. ...
The cord can break near the base of the massager and expose the wires, posing an electric shock and burn hazards. ... There have been 15 reports of burn injuries to consumers fingers and other parts of the body. ...
The cord can break near the base of the massager and expose the wires, posing an electric shock and burn hazards. ... CPSC is committed to protecting consumers and families from products that pose a fire, electrical, chemical or mechanical ... There have been 15 reports of burn injuries to consumers fingers and other parts of the body. ... Vivitar Recalls Hot/Cold Massage Balls Due to Burn Hazard; Sold Exclusively at Target ...
Learn about Electrical and Thermal Burns symptoms and causes from experts at Boston Childrens, ranked best Childrens Hospital ... What to do if your child has suffered a electrical burn. * Unplug the appliance or device that has caused the injury or turn ... Heat or thermal burns. A heat-induced or thermal burn can occur when your childs skin comes in contact with any heat source, ... Be aware that a child may experience "shock" after an electrical burn. If your child is showing signs of shock, call 911 ...
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Care guide for Electrical Burn In Children (Inpatient Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment ... Electrical burns are injuries that are caused by an electric current. The electric current can pass through your childs body ... An electric current may also jump from an electrical source to his body and burn his skin. ... Learn more about Electrical Burn In Children (Inpatient Care). Associated drugs. *Burns, External ...
There are many types of burns. Heat burns (thermal burns) are... ... It is common to get a minor burn from hot water, a curling iron ... Most burns are minor injuries that occur at home or work. ... Electrical burns are caused by contact with electrical sources ... Immediate first aid for burns. *First, stop the burning to prevent a more severe burn. *Heat burns (thermal burns): Smother any ... Keep electrical cords away from a childs reach. A child chewing on a cord could cause an electrical burn of the mouth. Cover ...
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... which include electrical burns (caused by touching electrical wiring or improper use of electrical equipment), arc burns ( ... powerful electrical currents arc through the air), and thermal contact burns (when the electricity starts a fire, including ... What Are the Three Types of Electrical Burns?: There are three types of electrical burns, which include electrical burns ( ... caused by touching electrical wiring or improper use of electrical equipment), arc burns (powerful electrical currents arc ...
Although the proliferation of collagen-producing cells following burn injury is the bodys natural response to trauma, the ... Short Pulsed Electric Fields for Prevention of Burn Scars. August 11th, 2016 Iris Kulbatski Dermatology, Plastic Surgery ... Using short, pulsed electric fields, the researchers showed that debilitating burn scars, which develop due to the ... Burn scars secondary to collagen cell proliferation cause intense and ongoing physical and psychological suffering to burn ...
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Electrical Dental Handpiece Warning Issued Following Reports of Severe Burns. Posted on December 13, 2007 by Laurie Villanueva ... The burns have only been reported in relation to the use of electric dental handpieces, and not with the air-driven variety. ... Electric dental handpieces used by dentist and oral surgeons have been leaving many people with severe burns. The culprit in ... The FDA recommended that dentists and other practitioners who use the electric dental handpieces be aware of the burn risk ...
  • Likewise, a fire that is ruled to be "electrical" in origin, does not necessarily mean that any injuries or deaths are due to electrical burns. (
  • Most commonly, electric injuries primarily damage the outer limbs, but more critical portions of the body may be affected as well causing severe complications. (
  • With the advances in technology, electrical injuries are becoming more common and are the fourth leading cause of work-related traumatic death. (
  • One third of all electrical traumas and most high-voltage injuries are job related, and more than 50% of these injuries result from power line contact. (
  • In children aged 12 years and younger, household appliance electrical cords and extension cords caused more than 63% of injuries in one study. (
  • In addition to burns, other injuries are possible if the person has been thrown clear of the electrical source by forceful muscular contraction. (
  • Results : Out of a total of 561 patients with various burn injuries, therewere 32 patients ( 5.70% of the total ) with electrical trauma. (
  • Household injuries constituted thecommonest cause of electrical trauma. (
  • There was one inhospitalmortality.Conclusion : Though electrical trauma represents only a small fraction ofthe burn injuries overall, it still carries a substantial risk of lifelong morbidityin the form of upper limb loss. (
  • Electrical injuries. (
  • The term electrical burn is used widely to describe the variety of injuries created by supraphysiologic electrical energy interacting with living tissue. (
  • The term burn also does not encompass the special considerations required in the diagnosis and treatment in patients with these injuries. (
  • Usually, electrical injuries are arbitrarily categorized into 1 of 3 groups: low-voltage injuries, high-voltage injuries, and lightning injuries ( see Causes ). (
  • Oral electrical cord burns in children are rare, but the injuries are preventable. (
  • Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine have estimated more than 1,000 injuries in children caused by oral electrical burns were reported in emergency rooms from 1997 to 2012. (
  • In 1974, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission estimated 1,000 injuries associated with extension or appliance cord burns in a single year. (
  • Most injuries involved electrical outlets, extension cords and electrical wires. (
  • Electrical burns are injuries that are caused by an electric current. (
  • Most burns are minor injuries that occur at home or work. (
  • Men are twice as likely to have burn injuries as women. (
  • Whirlpool Corporation has received 79 reports in the U.S. (19 in Canada) of handles separating, including three reports in the US (one in Canada) of minor burn injuries. (
  • There have been 15 reports of burn injuries to consumer's fingers and other parts of the body. (
  • The essentials for a first kit depends on the type, for example, home first aid kits are used for treating minor injuries like burns, stings, splinters, sprains, and strains. (
  • Electrical burns and injuries are the result electrical currents passing through the body. (
  • Electrical burns and injuries result from accidental contact with exposed parts of electrical appliances, wiring, or lightning strikes. (
  • Electrical burns and injuries will be diagnosed based on events and symptoms. (
  • Treatment will depend on the individual's response to the electric shock and what injuries were caused. (
  • More than 73% of these burn injuries occur at home. (
  • Vulnerable populations such as children under five are two times as likely to be seen at a hospital emergency department for burn injuries. (
  • Clearly defining and understanding the complex tissue deficits and defects that accompany devastating facial injuries like electric burns , blast wounds and accidental trauma are critical for both technical success and objective analysis of the return of function after face transplantation. (
  • The Wall Street Journal's MarketWatch blog reports: "The common types of injuries are tears and burns, to blood vessels, intestines, uterus and vaginal cuff dehiscence. (
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the mean difference of serum creatine phosphokinase according to the extent of tissue damage and prognosis of the patients suffering from electrical burn injuries. (
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: During the study period, 38 patients with electrical burn injuries were enrolled. (
  • CONCLUSION: The level of creatine phosphokinase increased with the degree of tissue injuries in patients with electrical burns. (
  • Electrical injuries can be caused by exposure to current from low-voltage and high-voltage sources as well as lightning strikes, and the circumstances of the exposure will dictate management strategies. (
  • About 500,000 individuals are treated for burn injuries in the U.S. each year. (
  • Electrical burns can be painful and costly injuries. (
  • note that the goal here is to play with heat, not to actually burn your partner, since burns are not friendly injuries to heal. (
  • While the most obvious is an electrical burn injury to the skin, in many cases, serious internal injuries can also occur. (
  • Therefore, it is important to note that electronic appliances do not have to be turned on and operating in order to conduct enough electricity to cause a burn or other injuries. (
  • If an electrical device comes in contact with water, it can also cause a severe shock and potentially deadly injuries. (
  • Exposed electrical outlets, fallen powerlines and sticking items into an electrical source can also contribute to serious burns or other injuries. (
  • In many instances, people who suffer serious electrical burn injuries are left facing enormous medical bills, loss of wages, damages to property and on-going physical therapy after the accident. (
  • As the widespread use of electricity and injuries from it increase, all health professionals involved in burn care must appreciate its physiological and pathological effects as well as management of electrical current injury. (
  • High-voltage electric current injuries have a wide variety of systemic manifestations, including neurologic complications, cardiovascular and pulmonary manifestations, vascular damage, and abdominal, bone, eye and joint complications. (
  • The best treatment of burn injuries remains prevention. (
  • Because the majority of burn injuries are due to occupational electrical injuries, the regional burn centers must work effectively with industry to prevent these potentially life-threatening accidents. (
  • Electrical burns account for almost 4% of all burn injuries that require burn center treatment. (
  • First-degree burns are one of the mildest forms of skin injuries, and they usually don't require medical treatment. (
  • Victims of electrical burns often have other associated injuries that occur as the electrical current passes through the body. (
  • What else should I know about electrical burn injuries? (
  • Clumsy or inexperienced homeowners who try to do electrical work around the house might suffer electrical injuries, for example. (
  • If you have suffered burn injuries and have questions about your legal rights, our lawyer referral specialists can help you find a lawyer. (
  • The Burn Victims' Resource Center helps burn survivors and their caretakers learn about their injuries, treatment and recovery options, and offers support through other burn survivors' stories. (
  • Electrocution can result in severe burns, neurological injuries, organ damage and death. (
  • Defective appliances often cause electrical injuries occurring in the home. (
  • The most common sources of electrical contact injuries include electric appliances, high-voltage power lines, frayed electrical cords, faulty wiring and broken machinery. (
  • In any electrical contact accident case, it is important to understand what caused the accident and what could have been done to prevent any injuries. (
  • Electrical injuries can either be high or low voltage. (
  • High-voltage electrocution injuries occur when contact is made with an electrical source greater than 1000 volts, and low-voltage injuries occur when contact is made with an electrical source of less than 1000 volts. (
  • Electric shocks can cause contusions, broken bones, fractures, brain injuries and spinal cord injuries. (
  • Many electric shock and electrocution injuries are due to negligent property owners, general contractors, electricians, company owners or the manufacturer of an unsafe or defective product. (
  • In personal injury law, burn injuries have their own classification. (
  • Burn injuries are most commonly found in specific industries and when using specific types of chemicals. (
  • The most common types of burn injuries that lead to litigation involve issues that can cause both fires and burns. (
  • Negligence is when someone either does something to cause someone's burn injuries, or they fail to do something, and that failure to act specifically leads to the injury. (
  • If the landlord fails to uphold the duty to provide either a smoke detector or a fire extinguisher, and someone is the victim of a burn injury, then the landlord might be held liable for any damages or injuries that result. (
  • According to the Occupational Health and Safety Administration, over 5000 people suffer from burn injuries in the workplace every year. (
  • Burn injuries are some of the most horrific and painful injuries that someone can sustain. (
  • If you are burned due to the negligence of someone or something else, then you do have the right to receive fair compensation for your injuries and damages. (
  • To prove that your injuries were due to someone else's negligence, it is imperative that you hire a burn injury lawyer who specializes in personal injury - specifically burn injuries - to help you get the compensation that you are entitled to. (
  • An electric shock occurs when a person comes into contact with an electrical energy source. (
  • Electrical energy flows through a portion of the body causing a shock. (
  • Burns are the most common injury from electric shock. (
  • If you are going to help someone who has sustained a high voltage shock, you need to be very careful that you don't become a second victim of a similar electrical shock. (
  • A person who has suffered an electric shock may have very little external evidence of injury or may have obvious severe burns. (
  • Pain in a hand or foot or a deformity of a part of the body may indicate a possible broken bone resulting from the electric shock. (
  • The cord can break near the base of the massager and expose the wires, posing an electric shock and burn hazards. (
  • Be aware that a child may experience "shock" after an electrical burn. (
  • An electrical shock can cause severe muscle contractions. (
  • ROCHESTER - An East Rochester man received a serious electrical shock this morning after climbing a telephone pole to remove a branch from the power lines next to his home. (
  • The testers can fail to give an indication of live voltage, resulting in the operator falsely believing the electrical power is off, posing a risk of serious injury or death from electrical shock or thermal burns. (
  • A patient presenting to the ED after an electric shock is a potential multisystem trauma patient. (
  • Electric shock sensation in palm below thumb, burning pain along pinky finger. (
  • Hi, I have stinging, tightness, redness and electrical shock type of sensations in my left palm below my thumb as well as the palm area below my index and middle finger. (
  • In order to avoid shock , no more than 10 to 20 per cent of the burned area should be cooled at one time. (
  • Anytime someone comes into contact with an exposed wire, they are in great danger of an electrical shock. (
  • This is caused by biting or sucking on electrical cords, and it most commonly happens to children. (
  • Electric wires and tangles of extension cords are a common sight at the homes of most of the Americans. (
  • Due to their curiosity, young children are particularly at risk for oral electrical burns caused by household electrical cords, outlets and appliances. (
  • These are simply electrical burns that occur in the mouth, such as from sucking or chewing on electrical cords and/or wires. (
  • Tie extra cord from lamps or other electrical equipment with a twist-tie to prevent injury from chewing on cords. (
  • Electrical sockets, electrical cords, and appliances can appear intriguing to a young child, but they pose considerable dangers. (
  • Many cases involve occupational mishaps or very young children who bite electrical cords. (
  • Curious children under the age of two are risk for electrical burns, both from biting cords and from sticking metal objects into sockets or appliances. (
  • Low-voltage electrical burns can also occur in the mouth, most commonly when young children place non-insulated cords in their mouth. (
  • Certain properties of electricity and tissue illustrate the mechanisms of electrical injury and the ability to predict patients' outcomes. (
  • At these points, greater tissue damage can occur, especially in terms of thermal burns. (
  • When an electrical current is transmitted by means of direct contact with a conducting material or an arc that reaches the tissue surface, the electrons begin to flow, as ions flow in a solution. (
  • Burns are defined as first-, second-, third-, or fourth-degree, depending on how many layers of skin and tissue are burned. (
  • Third-degree burns (full-thickness burns) injure all the skin layers and tissue under the skin. (
  • Burn scars secondary to collagen cell proliferation cause intense and ongoing physical and psychological suffering to burn patients who survive the initial destruction of skin and tissue. (
  • Third-degree burns -These cause damage to all layers of the skin down to the tissue underneath. (
  • Standard burn treatment involves removal of burned tissue, skin grafts, and the application of antiseptic and antimicrobial dressings to prevent and treat infection. (
  • If there are circumferential burns to the chest, as the burn progresses, the tissue involved may not allow enough motion of the chest wall to allow adequate breathing to occur. (
  • Degrees of injury are graded according to the depth of tissue damage, similar to thermal burns. (
  • In electrical burns, large amounts of tissue, substructures and organs beneath the skin can be adversely affected. (
  • LCG, December 6, 2017--Clean Power Northeast Development, a subsidiary of Emera Inc., has applied to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for a Presidential Permit, requesting authorization to build the Atlantic Link subsea electric transmission project, a 1,000-MW, high-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission interconnection extending approximately 375 miles to deliver wind and hydro power from Atlantic Canada directly to Massachusetts. (
  • LCG, November 30, 2017--WEC Energy Group announced Tuesday that it will shut down the coal-fired, Pleasant Prairie electric generating facility in the second quarter of 2018. (
  • An electrical burn is a burn that results from electricity passing through the body causing rapid injury. (
  • For a burn to be classified as electrical, electricity must be the direct cause. (
  • Electricity passing through resistance creates heat, so there is no current entering the body in this type of burn. (
  • No contact is required with an arc burn as the electricity ionizes air particles to complete the circuit. (
  • Injury may occur to muscles, the heart , or the brain from the electricity or to any bones or other organs from being thrown from the electric source. (
  • According to Joule's first law: electricity passing through resistance creates heat, so there is no current entering the body in this type of burn. (
  • If you work with electricity, wear clothing that protects you from electric currents. (
  • There are three types of electrical burns, which include electrical burns (caused by touching electrical wiring or improper use of electrical equipment), arc burns (powerful electrical currents arc through the air), and thermal contact burns (when the electricity starts a fire, including when explosive materials are in the air). (
  • Electric arcs occur when a burst of electricity jumps from one electrical conductor to another, creating bright flashes. (
  • Electrical burns, as their name implies, are burns sustained when a person comes into contact with an open current of electricity. (
  • Any mild electrical burn sustained as a result of contact with 500 volts of electricity or less. (
  • Any severe electrical burn sustained as a result of coming into contact with a high voltage of electricity - this supply will run through the body and cause substantial internal damage. (
  • This class of burn is sustained when a person comes into contact with any object ignited by a current of electricity. (
  • Some claim that the metal arms conduct electricity from the device's circuitry, which can arc and burn patients during operations. (
  • The electrical wiring of the ice cream shop had been inspected after Sandy, and the business was permitted to switch on its electricity just before the start of summer. (
  • Electrical play is playing with electricity. (
  • The burn injury is the result of heat generated by the flow of electricity through the victim's body. (
  • There is potential for an electrical burn injury to occur wherever live electricity is present. (
  • Typically, these electrons travel through electrical wires that deliver the electricity to its intended destination. (
  • First-degree burns that are caused by electricity may affect more of the skin than you can see in the top layer. (
  • If your child sticks a finger or any object into the openings of a socket, bites on an electrical cord, or plays with an appliance, they can get burned or electrocuted from exposure to electricity. (
  • The symptoms and effects of an electrical burn vary according to the voltage of the current, where the entry point of the electricity was (mouth, hand, etc.), and whether the source was an electrical arc or a current. (
  • This type of burn may be mild, superficial, or severe depending on the contact time. (
  • This burn is very severe as the victim makes direct contact with the high voltage supply and the damage runs its course throughout the body. (
  • The intense heat and light of an arc flash can cause severe burns in a fraction of a second. (
  • Burns are usually most severe at the points of contact with the electrical source and the ground. (
  • Babies and young children may have a more severe reaction from a burn than an adult. (
  • A burn in an adult may cause a minor loss of fluids from the body, but in a baby or young child, the same size and depth of a burn may cause a severe fluid loss. (
  • Second-degree burns -These burns are deeper and more severe. (
  • That being said, these are severe burns that cover large parts of the body. (
  • In addition to severe burns, electrical currents can cause a victim to suffer a heart attack, organ failure or respiratory arrest. (
  • Electrical burns may show erythema and bullae from the heat of arcing current or may be non-descript with severe internal damage between the points of contact and exit of the current. (
  • For moderate to severe burns, you should immediately call 911. (
  • For more severe burns, loosely apply a sterile bandage or clean cloth to the burned area. (
  • Most chemical burns are severe and extensive. (
  • It is hard to accurately diagnose an electrical burn because only the entry and exit wounds are visible and the internal damage is not. (
  • Here we report on a novel physical method for disinfection: antiseptic pulsed electric field (PEF) applied externally to the infected wounds. (
  • Golberg A., Broelsch G.F, Vecchio D., Khan S., Hamblin M.R, Austen W.G, Sheridan R.L, Yarmush M. Eradication of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii in burn wounds by antiseptic pulsed electric field . (
  • Another classification describes burns as partial-thickness wounds in which the epithelializing elements remain intact, and full-thickness wounds in which all of the epithelializing elements and those lining the sweat glands, hair follicles, and sebaceous glands are destroyed. (
  • On the Arrive Alive website, we share important information on safety from a fire at our homes as well as the Safety from Burns and Burn Wounds. (
  • Electrical burns can be classified into six categories, and any combination of these categories may be present on an electrical burn victim: Low-voltage burn. (
  • An improvement on the rule of nines, the berkow formula , takes into account the age of the burn victim. (
  • Electrical arcs can reach temperatures as high as 9,000 °F. An electrical arc can contact a victim leading to arc burns, or the simple proximity to the heat of an electrical arc can produce thermal burns. (
  • MULBERRY, Fla. (AP) - A Florida pastor was arrested Wednesday as he drove a pickup truck towing a large barbecue-style grill filled with kerosene-soaked Qurans to a park, where the pastor had said he was planning to burn 2,998 of the Muslim holy books- one for every victim of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. (
  • If you are the victim of a burn injury, and it was due to someone or something else's negligence, then you do have the right to seek fair compensation. (
  • While many people assume an electrical device cannot harm them if it is not being used, electrical currents are still flowing to the device if it is plugged into an outlet. (
  • They occur when electrical currents jumps from a wire, cord, outlet, or appliance and pass through a human body. (
  • Exposure to electrical energy may result in no injury at all or may result in devastating damage or death. (
  • In addition to its aftereffects, the manner in which electrical current flows greatly determines how much injury is sustained. (
  • Although we often worry about injury from toppled appliances, parents also should be aware of the potential for electrical burns to the mouth caused by a child mouthing the end or biting through an electrical cord," said David Chang, M.D., an associate professor of otolaryngology at the MU School of Medicine and co-author of the study. (
  • Unplug the appliance or device that has caused the injury or turn off the electrical current. (
  • The healthcare provider may do this test to check for signs of brain injury after your child has had electrical burns. (
  • Appearance of treated and untreated wound healing 6 months after burn injury. (
  • Although the proliferation of collagen-producing cells following burn injury is the body's natural response to trauma, the excessive collagen production leads to the formation of permanent, painful scars. (
  • The technique was tested in a pre-clinical model of burn injury by providing five therapeutic sessions over a period of six months. (
  • First-degree burns -Injury is only to the outer layer of skin. (
  • Nov. 14, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Burns & McDonnell , The Empire Electric District Company (Empire) and the Southeast Kansas Building and Construction Trades Council have received a Zero Injury Safety Award from the National Maintenance Agreements Policy Committee, Inc., for the Riverton Unit 12 Combined Cycle Conversion Project completed earlier in 2016. (
  • SAN DIEGO - Burns from electrical accidents are one of the primary causes of burn related injury along with fire-flame, scalds, contact with hot objects and chemicals. (
  • Victims of electrical burns with evidence of myocardial injury were excluded. (
  • It was also found that serial monitoring of this enzyme can be used as prognostic indicator in the management of electrical burns injury. (
  • How should you prioritize traumatic injury over burn injury? (
  • This issue reviews the types of trauma seen with electrical injury and how body systems can be affected by occult or delayed effects, and the optimal evidence-based resuscitation and management strategies associated with each. (
  • Patients with electrical injury pose unique diagnostic and therapeutic challenges that emergency clinicians must not miss. (
  • The onset of a second-degree skin burn injury based on the Stoll curve. (
  • An electrical burn injury is caused when an arc of electrical current travels through the air or via a conductive device and enters a person's body. (
  • If your burn injury resulted from the negligence of another, you may be entitled to file a personal injury lawsuit and receive compensation for your medical bills, lost wages, and pain and suffering. (
  • According to a study released by the United States Department of Labor, individuals are most likely to receive an electrical burn injury to one or both of their hands, as opposed to any other part of the body. (
  • Do You Need an Electrical Burn Injury Lawyer? (
  • If you or a loved one received an electrical burn injury on the job, or as a result of someone else's negligence, it is wise to contact a skilled burn injury attorney to help determine if you have a case. (
  • In any electrical accident, the witness must turn off the power source and initiate treatment at the scene of the injury. (
  • A burn is also a break in the skin, and the risk of infection exists both at the site of the injury and potentially throughout the body. (
  • Burns that extend deeper may cause permanent injury and scarring and not allow the skin in that area to return to normal function. (
  • If the burn involves the face, nose, mouth or neck, there is a risk that there will be inhalation injury and enough inflammation and swelling to obstruct the airway and cause breathing problems. (
  • Emergency care at the scene of the injury includes application of cool water to neutralize the continued thermal effects of the burn agent and to dilute and wash away any chemicals that may be on the skin. (
  • The type and extent of an electrical injury is determined by current strength, voltage, resistance, duration of contact with the electrical source, pathway of flow, and the circuit type. (
  • If you have suffered an electrical burn injury or lost a loved one in an electrocution accident, contact the Pasco County Electrocution Attorneys at Whittel & Melton today online or call 727-847-2299. (
  • Cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy may suffer from an injury known as a radiation burn. (
  • If a homeowner is burned due to the negligence of someone or something else, then they may sue for personal injury . (
  • Although most workplace burns are handled through workers' compensation claims, there are times when the negligence is egregious enough to warrant a personal injury lawsuit to hold a third party responsible. (
  • Yes, you read the title correctly - Second degree burns, my wife and a chili cookoff! (
  • Second degree burns are deeper and in addition to the pain , redness and inflammation, there is also blistering of the skin. (
  • Similarly, second degree burns may evolve into third degree burns. (
  • In contrast, second-degree burns blister and are more painful due to an increased depth of the burn wound. (
  • There are many types of burns. (
  • The following steps should be taken for prompt and effective treatment of the various types of burns. (
  • These types of burns are more likely to affect vital organs that exist between the entry and exit point and are especially fatal when the current passes from hand-to-hand. (
  • There are five types of burns namely Thermal Burns, Chemical Burns, Electrical Burns, Friction Burns and Radiation Burns. (
  • Pulsed electrical field technology has the advantages of targeting numerous bacterial species and penetrating the full thickness of a wound," says Alexander Golberg, PhD, of the MGH Center for Engineering in Medicine (MGH-CEM), first author of the paper. (
  • In an animal model, we show that PEF can reduce the load of multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii present in a full thickness burn wound by more than four orders of magnitude, as detected by bioluminescence imaging. (
  • Furthermore, using a finite element numerical model in QuickField, we demonstrate that PEF provides non-thermal, homogeneous, full thickness treatment for the burn wound, thus, overcoming the limitation of treatment depth for many topical antimicrobials. (
  • A deep thermal burn is a deep partial-thickness wound that may have the white, waxy appearance of a full-thickness burn. (
  • We report on a patient who underwent a unicompartmental knee arthroplasty with a subsequent full-thickness skin burn over the metal implant after electrical stimulation and interferential current modalities in physical therapy. (
  • Dahm, Diane L. / Full-thickness burn formation after the use of electrical stimulation for rehabilitation of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty . (
  • Because surface area as well as depth is important in evaluating a burned patient's status, a method called the rule of nines has been developed to determine surface area involvement. (
  • Burns & McDonnell needs the contact information you provide to us to contact you about our products and services. (
  • Empire deserves congratulations for this award along with all the subcontractors and the craft professionals for making sure that all work was planned and safety was a top priority,' says Randy Griffin , President of the Construction Design-Build Division for Burns & McDonnell. (
  • Safety is always the highest priority for Burns & McDonnell so we know that the first requirement is to get everyone pulling in the same direction every day on the job. (
  • Burns & McDonnell is a company made up of more than 5,400 engineers, architects, construction professionals, scientists, consultants and entrepreneurs with offices across the United States , Canada and throughout the world. (
  • Burns & McDonnell is ranked as the No. 1 Power engineering design firm by Engineering News-Record magazine and is ranked No. 14 overall among the Top 500 engineering design firms. (
  • 20 burns & mcdonnell jobs in Colorado found on Military. (
  • Burns injure the skin layers and can also injure other parts of the body, such as muscles, blood vessels, nerves, lungs, and eyes. (
  • Because the nerves and blood vessels are damaged, third degree burns appear white and leathery and tend to be relatively painless. (
  • Low-voltage burns occur almost exclusively on the hands or mouth and follow the pathway of least resistance-nerves, blood vessels, etc. (
  • This healthy, energy-burning fat has a lot of powerhouses, or mitochondria, and generally more blood vessels than white fat, which tends to store energy. (
  • Since electrical trauma stems largely fromavoidable hazards, the need for preventive strategies can't beoveremphasized in this regard.Key words : Electrical trauma. (
  • At each stage of a child's life, look for burn hazards and use appropriate safety measures . (
  • In the United States, on average 400 die from electrocution and 4,400 are injured each year because of electrical hazards. (
  • What Are the Symptoms of a First-Degree Burn? (
  • The symptoms of first-degree burns are often minor and tend to heal after several days. (
  • Electric current typically passes from one side of the child's mouth to the other, possibly causing deformity. (
  • A heat-induced or thermal burn can occur when your child's skin comes in contact with any heat source, such as a cooking pan, an iron, a fire, a hot surface or a hot, scalding liquid. (
  • The electric current can pass through your child's body and damage tissues or organs. (
  • You should call your child's pediatrician if you're concerned about a burn your child received. (
  • They also gathered further information on mother's age at delivery, birth weight, at what stage of the child's gestation they were born, their father's occupational social class, and information on other siblings. (
  • Scald burns from hot liquids are the most common burns to children and older adults. (
  • Most burns that occur in children younger than age 5 are scald burns from hot liquids. (
  • Older adults are at a higher risk for burns, mostly scald burns from hot liquids. (
  • A burn is caused by dry heat, such as an iron or fire, while a scald is a burn caused by something wet such as a liquid or hot vapour/steam. (
  • According to an FDA warning issued yesterday, patients have been severely burned when poorly maintained electric dental handpieces were used during dental procedures. (
  • The parents of a South Yorkshire teenager severely burned as a child have thanked a community-minded company for helping fund an electric wheelchair for their son. (
  • The severity of the burn also depends on the pathway the current takes through the body. (
  • As the body comes into contact with an electrical source, it becomes part of the electrical circuit. (
  • Although thermal burns remain some of the most common results of such an interaction, this term does not adequately describe the range of effects that they have in the human body. (
  • When the body becomes a part of an electrical circuit, the current frequently becomes more concentrated at the entry and exit points (with some exceptions). (
  • The electric current can pass through your body and cause damage to tissues or organs. (
  • An electric current may also jump from an electrical source to you and burn your body. (
  • Styled in a burnt charcoal finish, the Yamaha Revstar RS620 is a solid-body electric guitar sporting a double-cutaway design with a small pickguard, a mahogany body with a flame-maple top. (
  • The electrical current runs through the body, damaging internal tissues, muscles, organs - such as the heart and kidneys - and/or the nervous system, often without doing any major harm to the epidermis (the outermost layer of skin). (
  • In an instant, 12,500 volts surged through him and caused a 35 million watt electrical explosion in his body. (
  • The i3 will be a fully electric three and five door hatch with a carbon fiber monocoque on an aluminum frame (yes body on frame is back). (
  • The adorable kitten was born with one body, two noses, three eyes, and two mouths. (
  • The amount of damage that a burn can cause depends upon the type of burn, its location, its depth, and how much body surface area that it involves. (
  • What is the significance of the amount of body area burned? (
  • Burns are measured as a percentage of total body area affected. (
  • As an example, if both legs (18% x 2 = 36%), the groin (1%) and the front chest and abdomen were burned, this would involve 55% of the body. (
  • Only second and third degree burn areas are added together to measure total body burn area. (
  • If more than15%-20% of the body is involved in a burn, significant fluid may be lost. (
  • Patients with burns involving less than 20% of their body should do well, but those with burns involving greater than 50% have a significant mortality risk, depending upon a variety of factors, including underlying medical conditions and age. (
  • Burns to areas of the body with flexion creases, like the palm of the hand, the back of the knee, the face, and the groin may need specialized care. (
  • It is difficult to determine the depth of a wound at first glance, but any burn involving more than 15 per cent of the body surface is considered serious. (
  • High-voltage burns can occur on any part of the body and follows the most direct, not least resistant, pathway. (
  • Hot liquid spilled from a pot on the stove or the steam emitted from hot liquid may cause burns to the hands, face, and body. (
  • These burns may heal slower than burns on other areas of the body and require a visit to the doctor. (
  • Electrical burns happen when the body comes in contact with an electric current. (
  • A burn may appear on your skin if an electric current runs through your body. (
  • If a large proportion of the body is burnt, immerse the patient in a tepid bath. (
  • However, some superficial burns can be quite large or painful and may require a trip to your doctor. (
  • Cold compresses may be applied to superficial burns as this can help alleviate pain. (
  • The climate control system for the cabin, however, heats the interior space by means of either a traditional electric heater or a gas-fired unit, which is designed to burn ethanol. (
  • In some instances, opting to burn the bio-fuel as a heat source may prove more efficient than attempting to use the electric heater, which is powered by the car's battery packs. (
  • Motorcycle or bicycle riders who have road accidents while not wearing protective clothing also may get friction burns. (
  • Another 325 die and 4,000 are injured in workplace electrical accidents, according to data published by the National Safety Council. (
  • Common causes include poorly insulated or chewed (by infants or animals) wires, faulty electrical equipment, workplace accidents involving machinery, and electric fencing. (
  • Electrical accidents can be divided into less than 1000 V (low-voltage accidents) and greater than 1000 V (high-voltage accidents). (
  • Most electrical accidents happen in the workplace, predominately affecting construction workers and other professionals constantly exposed to the possibility of electrocution. (
  • While first degree burns are painful, the skin integrity is intact and it is able to do its job with fluid and temperature maintenance. (
  • You should see your doctor if your burn becomes infected, swollen, or extremely painful. (
  • The normal painful sensation is absent and a burn may occur. (
  • Some patients even suffered third degree burns which required plastic surgery. (
  • The investigators applied a multidrug resistant strain of A. baumannii to small third-degree burns that had been made on the backs of anesthetized mice. (
  • Third degree burns are deeper still, involving all layers of the skin, in effect killing that area of skin. (
  • Four electrical factors determine the severity of the damage caused by electrical burns: voltage, current, resistance, and frequency. (
  • The way the doctors will treat an electrical burn depends on the severity of the damage. (
  • Flame burn. (
  • Flame burns are caused by contact to objects that were ignited by an electrical source when associated with flash and arc burns. (
  • New research at the University of Adelaide suggests that adults who have been hospitalized for a burn as a child experience higher than usual rates of depression and suicidal thoughts. (
  • 3) in children and adults, electrical burns, burns of the face and hands, or those that have traumatized the bronchi and lungs. (
  • The cartoonishly evil nuclear industrialist Mr. Burns (Sam Breslin Wright at his creepiest) becomes something distinctly more terrifying in this world still reeling from the effects of radiation. (
  • Post-apocalyptic survivors reenact a Simpsons episode that revolves around cartoon villain Montgomery Burns, played by Sam Breslin Wright. (
  • These medicines prevent infection and help your burn heal. (
  • Infection is a concern with all burns. (
  • After 40 minutes, during which imaging of the fluorescent bacteria confirmed the established infection, the burned area was treated with an electrical field generated by placing the damaged skin between two electrodes. (
  • WASHINGTON - A baby born with the virus that causes AIDS appears to have been cured, scientists announced Sunday, describing the case of a child from Mississippi who's now 2½ and has been off medication for about a year with no signs of infection. (
  • Specialists say Sunday's announcement, at a major AIDS meeting in Atlanta, offers promising clues for efforts to eliminate HIV infection in children, especially in AIDS-plagued African countries where too many babies are born with the virus. (
  • Always consult your doctor if the burn shows signs of infection or becomes worse. (
  • Home treatment for a minor burn will reduce the risk of infection. (
  • This could lead to a completely new means of burn wound disinfection without using Antibiotics , which can increase bacterial resistance. (
  • No fuses are blown, and when we inspected the outlets, two of them were melted and burned. (
  • Put child-safety covers on all electrical outlets. (
  • Electrical burns differ from thermal or chemical burns in that they cause much more subdermal damage. (
  • Chemical burns are caused by contact with household or industrial chemicals in a liquid, solid, or gas form. (
  • Chemical burns are caused by contact with household or industrial chemicals in a liquid, solid, or gas form, such as acids . (
  • Chemical burns are usually caused by highly flammable toxic chemicals. (
  • There are many entities that might be liable for chemical burns, including distributors of the chemical, the manufacturer, or even the contractor who didn't handle them correctly. (
  • Although the burns on the skin are largely superficial and cover a large area, tissues beneath the skin are generally undamaged and unaffected. (
  • Cross-section view of skin after electrical burn. (
  • Cold temperature burns are caused by skin exposure to wet, windy, or cold conditions. (
  • Natural foods such as chili peppers , which contain a substance irritating to the skin, can cause a burning sensation. (
  • Athletes who fall on floors, courts, or tracks may get friction burns to the skin. (
  • First-degree burns are burns of the first layer of skin . (
  • Superficial partial-thickness burns injure the first and second layers of skin. (
  • Deep partial-thickness burns injure deeper skin layers. (
  • The burned skin looks white or charred. (
  • These burns may cause little or no pain because the nerves in the skin are destroyed. (
  • These burns are related to arc burns, as they occur when an electrical arc passes over the skin, causing great damage to the epidermis. (
  • For this reason, a good zapper should be able to produce very good results in reducing microbial infections, especially in cases of skin burns and abrasions. (
  • Branding is, well, branding-using small, shaped, highly heated pieces of metal to burn small scars into a partner's skin. (
  • Basically, short curved pieces of metal are heated with a blowtorch, then pressed into the skin so as to make an ornamental burn. (
  • A first degree burn is superficial and causes local inflammation of the skin. (
  • Burns have traditionally been classified according to degree: A first-degree burn involves a reddening of the skin area. (
  • In a second-degree burn the skin is blistered. (
  • A third-degree burn is the most serious type, involving damage to the deeper layers of the skin with necrosis through the entire skin. (
  • Clothing is removed from the burned area only if this does not further traumatize the skin. (
  • For a first-degree burn that occurs in larger areas of your skin, you may experience an increased level of pain and swelling. (
  • Aloe vera, as well as honey , lotion, or antibiotic ointments, can also be applied to first-degree burns to reduce drying and speed up repair of the damaged skin. (
  • Not only has the new smell of the Kirkland Signature Baby Wipes 900 CT seemingly driven dozens of reviewers away from the product, but some - including a Washington state mother of a 7-month-old boy - say the new formula burns the skin. (
  • Flores and her husband wondered how the child and his young skin could was feeling after the wipe's residue was constrained by a diaper, since it the burning could be felt so prominently on their own skin. (
  • Flores said commenters who tried the wipes on their own sensitive skin were amazed at the tingling and burning. (
  • You may receive a chemical burn if your skin and/or eyes come in contact with a harsh irritant, such as acid. (
  • A friction burn can occur when skin repeatedly rubs against another surface or is scraped against a hard surface. (
  • The mucous membrane lining of the mouth is thinner than the skin, and easily damaged by mechanical, thermal (heat/cold), chemical, or electrical means, or by irradiation. (
  • Smoke rises from the Colstrip Steam Electric Station, a coal burning power plant in in Colstrip, Mont. (
  • A coal-burning electrical generating plant emits sulfur dioxide into the surrounding air. (
  • When this coal is burned, the sulfur is converted into sulfur dioxide gas. (
  • LCG, August 25, 2010--The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) announced yesterday that, beginning next year, it will idle nine coal-fired units that have a combined electric generating capacity of approximately 1,000 MW. (
  • These questions may be the consequence of a nasty burn next to the road from an overheated radiator, or something as simple as a burn from stepping on hot coal next to the braai. (
  • In 2010 alone, coal-fired power plants, gold mining, the burning of biomass for fuel and other sources generated about 2,000 tons of mercury emissions around the world. (
  • Electrical trauma accountsfor an estimated 1000 fatalities and around 3,000 admissions to burn carecentres per year. (
  • Electrical burns are sustained when a faulty or antiquated electrical system is to blame. (
  • In some cases the growth cells of the tissues in the burned area may be destroyed. (
  • Mr. Burns: A Post-Electric Play begins with a small group of battered survivors consoling themselves in the darkness with memories of television-but by the third act, what started as literally a campfire tale has been transformed into the founding mythology of a newly reborn culture. (
  • Mr. Burns tells the story of a group of survivors recalling and retelling "Cape Feare", an episode of the TV show The Simpsons, shortly after a global catastrophe, then examines the way the story has changed seven years after that, and finally, 75 years later. (
  • Small bands of survivors have banded together in pods to keep the pilot light of civilization burning. (
  • Subsequently the data ofonly electrical trauma patients were further analysed. (
  • Electrical stimulation and interferential current are commonly used modalities in the physical rehabilitation of patients who have undergone joint arthroplasty surgery. (
  • Sit facial/inhalation burn patients upright if possible. (
  • There are many circumstances that can lead to a person suffering any of the electrical burns mentioned, such as chewing on wires, using frayed wires, approaching downed power lines, attempting to do the work of an electrician when you are not one, and sticking a knife or fork into a toaster oven. (
  • Due to mighty storms, electrical wires are often compromised by seawater, freshwater or sediment, but operate without any noticeable effects for a substantial period of time. (
  • Sending out an adjuster is not enough, as compromised electrical wires may seem fine to the naked eye. (
  • Once a determination is made that electrical wiring has been compromised, insurers would be well advised to insist that the insured replace all potentially compromised wires. (
  • Heat burns (thermal burns) are caused by fire, steam, hot objects, or hot liquids. (
  • They are usually both a scrape (abrasion) and a heat burn. (
  • Because the heat buildup is so rapid, and is efficiently conducted through the metal handpiece, a burned patient may be the first indication of handpiece problems that the practitioner receives. (
  • These burns typically harm the epidermis, as they generate huge amounts of heat and pressure that can ignite a person's clothing and throw them from where they stand, respectively. (
  • Corrosion of electrical wiring creates resistance to electrical current, which, in turn, generates heat in the wire. (
  • An electrical generating plant operates at a boiler temperature of 220 deg C and exhausts the unused heat into a nearby river at 18 deg C. what is the maximum theoretical efficiency of the plant? (
  • Cleverly, the el-Born will feature an integrated heat-pump system that does not draw energy from the car's battery pack to warm the cabin, hence preserving the vehicle's range. (
  • PGC1 normally controls heat production, or thermogenesis, by directly regulating a unique protein called Ucp1, which enables brown fat cell powerhouses to be more efficient and to burn energy for heat rather than making the usual cell fuel, ATP. (
  • All burns are caused by a heat source. (
  • Friction burns are caused by contact with any hard surface such as roads ("road rash"), carpets, or gym floor surfaces. (
  • For information on treatment for friction burns, see the topic Scrapes . (
  • Like other burns, friction burns are categorized into degrees. (
  • Many friction burns are first degree and often heal on their own within three to six days. (
  • For more serious friction burns, you should seek medical care immediately. (
  • Touching electrical appliances with wet hands or feet is extremely dangerous. (
  • In the case of apartment or home fires, many common causes of fire are smoking, heaters, fireplaces, electrical appliances, candles and defective products that catch fire. (
  • Those obligations include things like working smoke detectors , certified electrical wiring, a fire escape, and having all appliances up to code. (
  • In children, the typical electrical mouth burn from biting an electric cord appears as a burn on the lip. (
  • The most common cause of an electrical burn is coming in contact with an extension cord where the insulation material has worn away. (
  • Oral burns. (
  • Young children are at risk for oral electric burns during the holiday decorations. (
  • They found that 1,042 emergency room visits for pediatric oral electrical burns occurred between 1997 and 2012 an average of 65.1 cases a year. (
  • Low-voltage electric burns almost exclusively involve either the hands or oral cavity. (
  • Microwave ovens sometimes produce food which is cold externally and very hot internally, and this has led to a rise in the frequency of intra-oral thermal burns. (
  • A burn produced by contact with a power source of 500 volts or less is classified as a low-voltage burn. (
  • High voltage burn. (
  • Voltage is the electromotive force or the difference in the electrical potential. (
  • The technique, termed partial irreversible electroporation (pIRE), utilizes non-thermal, high-voltage, microsecond-pulsed electric fields to cause partial destruction to collagen-producing cells in the wound bed. (
  • Fluor Facility & Plant Services was performing electrical maintenance work at IBM 's Cottle Road manufacturing facility in San Jose , and Dave, who was a young man of 34 at the time, was part of a team whose assignment was to shut down a high voltage transformer and then to clean it. (
  • Development and production synergies will be achieved through both vehicles using the same component sets for the electric motors, power electronics, and high-voltage lithium-ion batteries. (
  • In a paper appearing in the June issue of the journal Technology and already released online, investigators from the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Center for Engineering in Medicine describe how the use of microsecond-pulsed, high-voltage non-thermal electric fields successfully killed resistant bacteria infecting experimentally induced burns in mice, reducing bacterial levels up to 10,000-fold. (
  • Even battery-powered devices should be avoided, as they are capable of generating enough electric voltage to be lethal. (
  • Burns caused by contact with a high-voltage alternating electric circuit conforms to two types: burns from an electric arc and burns from an electric current. (
  • Electrical burns can often be divided into the categories of low-voltage and high-voltage burns using 500V as the cutoff point between the two. (
  • A particular type of high-voltage burn is an arc burn. (
  • Voltage will also play a part in the severity of the burn. (
  • Put a screen fireplaces and wood-burning stoves and always keep kids 3 feet away from them. (
  • Until recently, the Sideros wood burning stoves weren't quite known beyond Italy. (
  • Extent of the damage depends on the strength and duration of the electrical current. (
  • Treatment for thermal burns depends on the location and severity of the burn. (
  • Safety measures in the home and on the job are extremely important in the prevention of burns. (
  • Some burns may require surgery to treat internal damage, while others only require topical ointments and creams to address external damage. (
  • Later, burn creams and ointments can help these burns heal. (
  • That is the central assumption behind Anne Washburn's Mr. Burns, A Post-Electric Play , now receiving its New York premiere at Playwrights Horizons . (
  • But she's gained national attention with the production of her Mr. Burns: A Post-Electric Play , which debuted on 42nd Street in August and has garnered rave reviews from Time magazine and the New York Times , which called it "downright brilliant" and "so smart it made your head spin. (
  • Mr. Burns, a Post-Electric Play (stylized Mr. Burns, a post-electric play) is an American black comedy play written by Anne Washburn and featuring music by Michael Friedman. (
  • Mr. Burns, a Post-Electric Play was written by Anne Washburn with a score composed by Michael Friedman. (
  • After seeing Mr. Burns, A Post-Electric Play at Woolly Mammoth Theatre, it looks like playwright Anne Washburn has the same problem (at least with this script). (
  • The cast of 'Mr. Burns, A Post-Electric Play' work together as one unit and, dare I say, might have created some of the best ensemble acting I have seen so far while living in DC. (
  • With a great ensemble and good production elements Mr. Burns, A Post-Electric Play is worth seeing. (
  • Mr. Burns, A Post-Electric Play plays through July 1, 2012 at Woolly Mammoth Theatre Company located at 641 D Street NW in Washington, DC. (
  • Over a few hours a first degree burn may involve deeper structures and become second degree. (
  • Currently available technologies have not been able to solve the problem of multidrug-resistant burn wound infections, and lasers are unable to treat infections deep within a wound because of the scattering and absorption of light," says Yarmush, who is senior author of the Technology paper. (
  • This type of burn occurs when electrical energy passes from a high-resistance area to a low-resistance area. (
  • The resistance of a material is its opposition to the passage of an electric current through it, and its conductance is its ability to transmit a current. (
  • These are burns that are sustained when an electrical current passes from a high-resistance area to a low-resistance area. (
  • Technicians are trained to use ohmmeters to measure the electrical resistance inside the wire. (
  • Emerging bacterial resistance to multiple drugs is an increasing problem in burn wound management. (
  • The electric company will be notified so that the power can be shut off. (
  • One system cools the electric motor and power electronics with a liquid-based system, while another system maintains the battery pack's temperature. (
  • Instead, if an electric handpiece is worn or clogged, the electric motor sends increased power to the handpiece head or attachment in order to maintain handpiece performance. (
  • Dave had never scavenged a part from a transformer before, and Brent Specht had even less experience than Dave did, but both of them knew that the first safety rule for working around electrical equipment is to be certain that no power is flowing through it. (
  • And the electrical gauges on the power center registered zero, meaning that the unit should have been off and de-energized. (
  • The BMW i3â€" previously known as the Megacity Vehicle â€" will be the BMW Group’s first series-produced car for urban areas to be driven by electric power alone. (
  • For our customers this means superior driving dynamics combined with significantly increased range using electric power,†explains Klaus Draeger, BMW Board member responsible for development. (
  • When a person comes in contact with an electrical current, the transmission of energy travels from the power source directly to the person, causing an electrical burn. (
  • A protein which is already associated with prostate cancer appears to also diminish the energy burning power of brown fat. (