Electric Organ: In about 250 species of electric fishes, modified muscle fibers forming disklike multinucleate plates arranged in stacks like batteries in series and embedded in a gelatinous matrix. A large torpedo ray may have half a million plates. Muscles in different parts of the body may be modified, i.e., the trunk and tail in the electric eel, the hyobranchial apparatus in the electric ray, and extrinsic eye muscles in the stargazers. Powerful electric organs emit pulses in brief bursts several times a second. They serve to stun prey and ward off predators. A large torpedo ray can produce of shock of more than 200 volts, capable of stunning a human. (Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p672)Electromagnetic Fields: Fields representing the joint interplay of electric and magnetic forces.Gymnotiformes: An order of neotropical electric fish found chiefly in the waters of South America. They continually emit weak electric discharges, which they use in object location and communication. A most popular species of research interest is the electric eel, ELECTROPHORUS electricus.Electric Stimulation: Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.Electric Injuries: Injuries caused by electric currents. The concept excludes electric burns (BURNS, ELECTRIC), but includes accidental electrocution and electric shock.Electric Wiring: An arrangement of wires distributing electricity.Electric Conductivity: The ability of a substrate to allow the passage of ELECTRONS.Torpedo: A genus of the Torpedinidae family consisting of several species. Members of this family have powerful electric organs and are commonly called electric rays.Electric Power Supplies: Devices that control the supply of electric current for running electrical equipment.Electroporation: A technique in which electric pulses of intensity in kilovolts per centimeter and of microsecond-to-millisecond duration cause a temporary loss of the semipermeability of CELL MEMBRANES, thus leading to ion leakage, escape of metabolites, and increased uptake by cells of drugs, molecular probes, and DNA.Electric Impedance: The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.Burns, Electric: Burns produced by contact with electric current or from a sudden discharge of electricity.Electrochemotherapy: A treatment modality that uses pulsed electrical currents to permeabilize cell membranes (ELECTROPORATION) and thereby enhance the uptake of chemotherapeutic agents, vaccines, or genes into the body's cells.Electrophorus: A genus of fish, in the family GYMNOTIFORMES, capable of producing an electric shock that immobilizes fish and other prey. The species Electrophorus electricus is also known as the electric eel, though it is not a true eel.Electric Stimulation Therapy: Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.Electrochemistry: The study of chemical changes resulting from electrical action and electrical activity resulting from chemical changes.Animal Communication: Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.Birefringence: The property of nonisotropic media, such as crystals, whereby a single incident beam of light traverses the medium as two beams, each plane-polarized, the planes being at right angles to each other. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)Power Plants: Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.Electromagnetic Phenomena: Characteristics of ELECTRICITY and magnetism such as charged particles and the properties and behavior of charged particles, and other phenomena related to or associated with electromagnetism.Skates (Fish): The common name for all members of the Rajidae family. Skates and rays are members of the same order (Rajiformes). Skates have weak electric organs.Electroshock: Induction of a stress reaction in experimental subjects by means of an electrical shock; applies to either convulsive or non-convulsive states.Membrane Potentials: The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).Biophysics: The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.Receptors, Cholinergic: Cell surface proteins that bind acetylcholine with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells. Cholinergic receptors are divided into two major classes, muscarinic and nicotinic, based originally on their affinity for nicotine and muscarine. Each group is further subdivided based on pharmacology, location, mode of action, and/or molecular biology.Cochlear Implants: Electronic hearing devices typically used for patients with normal outer and middle ear function, but defective inner ear function. In the COCHLEA, the hair cells (HAIR CELLS, VESTIBULAR) may be absent or damaged but there are residual nerve fibers. The device electrically stimulates the COCHLEAR NERVE to create sound sensation.Electrophoresis: An electrochemical process in which macromolecules or colloidal particles with a net electric charge migrate in a solution under the influence of an electric current.Fishes: A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.Biophysical Phenomena: The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.Electrophysiology: The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.Electroosmosis: The motion of a liquid through a membrane (or plug or capillary) consequent upon the application of an electric field across the membrane. (Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)Static Electricity: The accumulation of an electric charge on a objectElectric Countershock: An electrical current applied to the HEART to terminate a disturbance of its rhythm, ARRHYTHMIAS, CARDIAC. (Stedman, 25th ed)Eels: Common name for an order (Anguilliformes) of voracious, elongate, snakelike teleost fishes.Ions: An atom or group of atoms that have a positive or negative electric charge due to a gain (negative charge) or loss (positive charge) of one or more electrons. Atoms with a positive charge are known as CATIONS; those with a negative charge are ANIONS.Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Electric Capacitance: The ability of a substrate to retain an electrical charge.Action Potentials: Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Cell Membrane: The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.Cell Membrane Permeability: A quality of cell membranes which permits the passage of solvents and solutes into and out of cells.Acetylcholinesterase: An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ACETYLCHOLINE to CHOLINE and acetate. In the CNS, this enzyme plays a role in the function of peripheral neuromuscular junctions. EC 3.1.1.7.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Finite Element Analysis: A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.Microelectrodes: Electrodes with an extremely small tip, used in a voltage clamp or other apparatus to stimulate or record bioelectric potentials of single cells intracellularly or extracellularly. (Dorland, 28th ed)Magnetics: The study of MAGNETIC PHENOMENA.Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Dental Pulp Test: Investigations conducted on the physical health of teeth involving use of a tool that transmits hot or cold electric currents on a tooth's surface that can determine problems with that tooth based on reactions to the currents.Household Articles: Various material objects and items in the home. It includes temporary or permanent machinery and appliances. It does not include furniture or interior furnishings (FURNITURE see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS; INTERIOR FURNISHINGS see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS).Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Electronics: The study, control, and application of the conduction of ELECTRICITY through gases or vacuum, or through semiconducting or conducting materials. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Sensation: The process in which specialized SENSORY RECEPTOR CELLS transduce peripheral stimuli (physical or chemical) into NERVE IMPULSES which are then transmitted to the various sensory centers in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.Sensory Receptor Cells: Specialized afferent neurons capable of transducing sensory stimuli into NERVE IMPULSES to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Sometimes sensory receptors for external stimuli are called exteroceptors; for internal stimuli are called interoceptors and proprioceptors.Heating: The application of heat to raise the temperature of the environment, ambient or local, or the systems for accomplishing this effect. It is distinguished from HEAT, the physical property and principle of physics.Acoustic Stimulation: Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.Radio Waves: Electromagnetic waves with frequencies between about 3 kilohertz (very low frequency - VLF) and 300,000 megahertz (extremely high frequency - EHF). They are used in television and radio broadcasting, land and satellite communications systems, radionavigation, radiolocation, and DIATHERMY. The highest frequency radio waves are MICROWAVES.Cochlear Nerve: The cochlear part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The cochlear nerve fibers originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project peripherally to cochlear hair cells and centrally to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS) of the BRAIN STEM. They mediate the sense of hearing.Electrochemical Techniques: The utilization of an electrical current to measure, analyze, or alter chemicals or chemical reactions in solution, cells, or tissues.Dental Prosthesis: An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)Membranes, Artificial: Artificially produced membranes, such as semipermeable membranes used in artificial kidney dialysis (RENAL DIALYSIS), monomolecular and bimolecular membranes used as models to simulate biological CELL MEMBRANES. These membranes are also used in the process of GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION.Cochlear Implantation: Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.Electrophysiological Phenomena: The electrical properties, characteristics of living organisms, and the processes of organisms or their parts that are involved in generating and responding to electrical charges.Models, Neurological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Cooking and Eating UtensilsNanopores: Small holes of nanometer dimensions in a membrane, that can be used as single molecule detectors. The pores can be biological or synthetic.Bioelectric Energy Sources: Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy.Periplaneta: A genus in the family Blattidae containing several species, the most common being P. americana, the American cockroach.Electrophysiological Processes: The functions and activities of living organisms or their parts involved in generating and responding to electrical charges .Nerve Endings: Branch-like terminations of NERVE FIBERS, sensory or motor NEURONS. Endings of sensory neurons are the beginnings of afferent pathway to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Endings of motor neurons are the terminals of axons at the muscle cells. Nerve endings which release neurotransmitters are called PRESYNAPTIC TERMINALS.Synaptic Membranes: Cell membranes associated with synapses. Both presynaptic and postsynaptic membranes are included along with their integral or tightly associated specializations for the release or reception of transmitters.Elasmobranchii: A subclass of cartilaginous fish comprising the SHARKS; rays; skates (SKATES (FISH);), and sawfish. Elasmobranchs are typically predaceous, relying more on smell (the olfactory capsules are relatively large) than sight (the eyes are relatively small) for obtaining their food.Surface Properties: Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.Lipid Bilayers: Layers of lipid molecules which are two molecules thick. Bilayer systems are frequently studied as models of biological membranes.Nanotechnology: The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller.Pyridinium CompoundsElectrodes, Implanted: Surgically placed electric conductors through which ELECTRIC STIMULATION is delivered to or electrical activity is recorded from a specific point inside the body.Radiation Monitoring: The observation, either continuously or at intervals, of the levels of radiation in a given area, generally for the purpose of assuring that they have not exceeded prescribed amounts or, in case of radiation already present in the area, assuring that the levels have returned to those meeting acceptable safety standards.Skin Physiological Phenomena: The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.Bacteriorhodopsins: Rhodopsins found in the PURPLE MEMBRANE of halophilic archaea such as HALOBACTERIUM HALOBIUM. Bacteriorhodopsins function as an energy transducers, converting light energy into electrochemical energy via PROTON PUMPS.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Models, Chemical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Electrolytes: Substances that dissociate into two or more ions, to some extent, in water. Solutions of electrolytes thus conduct an electric current and can be decomposed by it (ELECTROLYSIS). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Deafness: A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.Pitch Perception: A dimension of auditory sensation varying with cycles per second of the sound stimulus.Neurons: The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Light: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.Hearing: The ability or act of sensing and transducing ACOUSTIC STIMULATION to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. It is also called audition.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.Magnetic Fields: Areas of attractive or repulsive force surrounding MAGNETS.Correction of Hearing Impairment: Procedures for correcting HEARING DISORDERS.Oscillometry: The measurement of frequency or oscillation changes.Potentiometry: Solution titration in which the end point is read from the electrode-potential variations with the concentrations of potential determining ions. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted: Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.Auditory Threshold: The audibility limit of discriminating sound intensity and pitch.Muscles: Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.Equipment Failure Analysis: The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.Fluorescent Dyes: Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.Microfluidic Analytical Techniques: Methods utilizing the principles of MICROFLUIDICS for sample handling, reagent mixing, and separation and detection of specific components in fluids.Audiometry, Speech: Measurement of the ability to hear speech under various conditions of intensity and noise interference using sound-field as well as earphones and bone oscillators.Occupational Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.Solutions: The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Sense Organs: Specialized organs adapted for the reception of stimuli by the NERVOUS SYSTEM.Galvanic Skin Response: A change in electrical resistance of the skin, occurring in emotion and in certain other conditions.Denture, Partial: A denture replacing one or more (but not all) natural teeth. It is supported and retained by underlying tissue and some or all of the remaining teeth.Acetylcholine: A neurotransmitter found at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system.Temperature: The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.Electrocoagulation: Procedures using an electrically heated wire or scalpel to treat hemorrhage (e.g., bleeding ulcers) and to ablate tumors, mucosal lesions, and refractory arrhythmias. It is different from ELECTROSURGERY which is used more for cutting tissue than destroying and in which the patient is part of the electric circuit.Electrophoresis, Microchip: A highly miniaturized version of ELECTROPHORESIS performed in a microfluidic device.Ion Channels: Gated, ion-selective glycoproteins that traverse membranes. The stimulus for ION CHANNEL GATING can be due to a variety of stimuli such as LIGANDS, a TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE, mechanical deformation or through INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS.Electrosurgery: Division of tissues by a high-frequency current applied locally with a metal instrument or needle. (Stedman, 25th ed)Bungarotoxins: Neurotoxic proteins from the venom of the banded or Formosan krait (Bungarus multicinctus, an elapid snake). alpha-Bungarotoxin blocks nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and has been used to isolate and study them; beta- and gamma-bungarotoxins act presynaptically causing acetylcholine release and depletion. Both alpha and beta forms have been characterized, the alpha being similar to the large, long or Type II neurotoxins from other elapid venoms.Speech Perception: The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).Facial DermatosesDose-Response Relationship, Radiation: The relationship between the dose of administered radiation and the response of the organism or tissue to the radiation.Electrogalvanism, Intraoral: Chemical reaction that occurs when saliva comes into contact with the metals in dental fillings. This reaction can send electric currents through the brain causing negative symptoms.DNA: A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).Loudness Perception: The perceived attribute of a sound which corresponds to the physical attribute of intensity.Radiation Dosage: The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).Calcium: A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.Microfluidics: The study of fluid channels and chambers of tiny dimensions of tens to hundreds of micrometers and volumes of nanoliters or picoliters. This is of interest in biological MICROCIRCULATION and used in MICROCHEMISTRY and INVESTIGATIVE TECHNIQUES.Water: A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Electromagnetic Radiation: Waves of oscillating electric and MAGNETIC FIELDS which move at right angles to each other and outward from the source.Animal Fins: Membranous appendage of fish and other aquatic organisms used for locomotion or balance.Electroconvulsive Therapy: Electrically induced CONVULSIONS primarily used in the treatment of severe AFFECTIVE DISORDERS and SCHIZOPHRENIA.Tin Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain tin as an integral part of the molecule.Cells, Cultured: Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.Aversive Therapy: A treatment that suppresses undesirable behavior by simultaneously exposing the subject to unpleasant consequences.Mechanics: The branch of physics which deals with the motions of material bodies, including kinematics, dynamics, and statics. When the laws of mechanics are applied to living structures, as to the locomotor system, it is referred to as BIOMECHANICAL PHENOMENA. (From Dorland, 28th ed)MonotremataConditioning (Psychology): A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.Chemistry, Physical: The study of CHEMICAL PHENOMENA and processes in terms of the underlying PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and processes.Receptors, Nicotinic: One of the two major classes of cholinergic receptors. Nicotinic receptors were originally distinguished by their preference for NICOTINE over MUSCARINE. They are generally divided into muscle-type and neuronal-type (previously ganglionic) based on pharmacology, and subunit composition of the receptors.Fish Proteins: Proteins obtained from species of fish (FISHES).Permeability: Property of membranes and other structures to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, and mineral ions.Purple Membrane: Functionally and structurally differentiated, purple-pigmented regions of the cytoplasmic membrane of some strains of Halobacterium halobium. The membrane develops under anaerobic conditions and is made almost entirely of the purple pigment BACTERIORHODOPSINS. (From Singleton & Sainsbury Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Bacterial Chromatophores: Organelles of phototrophic bacteria which contain photosynthetic pigments and which are formed from an invagination of the cytoplasmic membrane.Synaptic Vesicles: Membrane-bound compartments which contain transmitter molecules. Synaptic vesicles are concentrated at presynaptic terminals. They actively sequester transmitter molecules from the cytoplasm. In at least some synapses, transmitter release occurs by fusion of these vesicles with the presynaptic membrane, followed by exocytosis of their contents.Nanostructures: Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.Ablation Techniques: Removal of tissue by vaporization, abrasion, or destruction. Methods used include heating tissue by hot liquids or microwave thermal heating, freezing (CRYOABLATION), chemical ablation, and photoablation with LASERS.Toothbrushing: The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)Shaker Superfamily of Potassium Channels: Voltage-gated potassium channels whose primary subunits contain six transmembrane segments and form tetramers to create a pore with a voltage sensor. They are related to their founding member, shaker protein, Drosophila.Wound Healing: Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.Electrophoresis, Agar Gel: Electrophoresis in which agar or agarose gel is used as the diffusion medium.Sodium: A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.Perceptual Masking: The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.Models, Cardiovascular: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.Gramicidin: A group of peptide antibiotics from BACILLUS brevis. Gramicidin C or S is a cyclic, ten-amino acid polypeptide and gramicidins A, B, D are linear. Gramicidin is one of the two principal components of TYROTHRICIN.Potassium: An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.Halobacterium: A genus of HALOBACTERIACEAE whose growth requires a high concentration of salt. Binary fission is by constriction.Diffusion: The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.Microscopy, Fluorescence: Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.Afferent Pathways: Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a peripheral part toward a nerve center.Ion Channel Gating: The opening and closing of ion channels due to a stimulus. The stimulus can be a change in membrane potential (voltage-gated), drugs or chemical transmitters (ligand-gated), or a mechanical deformation. Gating is thought to involve conformational changes of the ion channel which alters selective permeability.Liposomes: Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.Semiconductors: Materials that have a limited and usually variable electrical conductivity. They are particularly useful for the production of solid-state electronic devices.Brain: The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.Methyl Green: A tri-benzene-ammonium usually compounded with zinc chloride. It is used as a biological stain and for the dyeing and printing of textiles.Cell Movement: The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.Psychoacoustics: The science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the individual's response to the physical properties of sound.Xenopus laevis: The commonest and widest ranging species of the clawed "frog" (Xenopus) in Africa. This species is used extensively in research. There is now a significant population in California derived from escaped laboratory animals.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Electrolysis: Destruction by passage of a galvanic electric current, as in disintegration of a chemical compound in solution.Numerical Analysis, Computer-Assisted: Computer-assisted study of methods for obtaining useful quantitative solutions to problems that have been expressed mathematically.PhotochemistryMolecular Weight: The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.Membranes: Thin layers of tissue which cover parts of the body, separate adjacent cavities, or connect adjacent structures.Rabbits: The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.Sodium Channels: Ion channels that specifically allow the passage of SODIUM ions. A variety of specific sodium channel subtypes are involved in serving specialized functions such as neuronal signaling, CARDIAC MUSCLE contraction, and KIDNEY function.Microscopy, Video: Microscopy in which television cameras are used to brighten magnified images that are otherwise too dark to be seen with the naked eye. It is used frequently in TELEPATHOLOGY.Vectorcardiography: Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the heart on a plane of the body surface delineated as a vector function of time.Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Oxyphenbutazone: A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Oxyphenbutazone eyedrops have been used abroad in the management of postoperative ocular inflammation, superficial eye injuries, and episcleritis. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p2000) It had been used by mouth in rheumatic disorders such as ankylosing spondylitis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis but such use is no longer considered justified owing to the risk of severe hematological adverse effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p27)Physicochemical Phenomena: The physical phenomena describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.Graphite: An allotropic form of carbon that is used in pencils, as a lubricant, and in matches and explosives. It is obtained by mining and its dust can cause lung irritation.Gold: A yellow metallic element with the atomic symbol Au, atomic number 79, and atomic weight 197. It is used in jewelry, goldplating of other metals, as currency, and in dental restoration. Many of its clinical applications, such as ANTIRHEUMATIC AGENTS, are in the form of its salts.Alamethicin: A cyclic nonadecapeptide antibiotic that can act as an ionophore and is produced by strains of Trichoderma viride. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)Surgical Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.Amphibian Venoms: Venoms produced by frogs, toads, salamanders, etc. The venom glands are usually on the skin of the back and contain cardiotoxic glycosides, cholinolytics, and a number of other bioactive materials, many of which have been characterized. The venoms have been used as arrow poisons and include bufogenin, bufotoxin, bufagin, bufotalin, histrionicotoxins, and pumiliotoxin.Vibration: A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Interrenal Gland: Structures in fishes homologous to the cortical tissue of the mammalian adrenal gland; they are in close proximity to or imbedded in the kidney.Radio: The transmission and reception of electric impulses or signals by means of electric waves without a connecting wire, or the use of these waves for the wireless transmission of electric impulses into which sound is converted. (From Webster's 3d)TailThermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Spectrum Analysis: The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Microscopy, Electron: Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.Models, Anatomic: Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.Porosity: Condition of having pores or open spaces. This often refers to bones, bone implants, or bone cements, but can refer to the porous state of any solid substance.Cholinesterase Inhibitors: Drugs that inhibit cholinesterases. The neurotransmitter ACETYLCHOLINE is rapidly hydrolyzed, and thereby inactivated, by cholinesterases. When cholinesterases are inhibited, the action of endogenously released acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses is potentiated. Cholinesterase inhibitors are widely used clinically for their potentiation of cholinergic inputs to the gastrointestinal tract and urinary bladder, the eye, and skeletal muscles; they are also used for their effects on the heart and the central nervous system.Persons With Hearing Impairments: Persons with any degree of loss of hearing that has an impact on their activities of daily living or that requires special assistance or intervention.Sound Spectrography: The graphic registration of the frequency and intensity of sounds, such as speech, infant crying, and animal vocalizations.Bedding and Linens: Articles of cloth, usually cotton or rayon and other synthetic or cotton-blend fabrics, used in households, hospitals, physicians' examining rooms, nursing homes, etc., for sheets, pillow cases, toweling, gowns, drapes, and the like.Heart Conduction System: An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.Molecular Conformation: The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.Dothiepin: A tricyclic antidepressant with some tranquilizing action.Osmolar Concentration: The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.Environmental Exposure: The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.Proteolipids: Protein-lipid combinations abundant in brain tissue, but also present in a wide variety of animal and plant tissues. In contrast to lipoproteins, they are insoluble in water, but soluble in a chloroform-methanol mixture. The protein moiety has a high content of hydrophobic amino acids. The associated lipids consist of a mixture of GLYCEROPHOSPHATES; CEREBROSIDES; and SULFOGLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS; while lipoproteins contain PHOSPHOLIPIDS; CHOLESTEROL; and TRIGLYCERIDES.Engineering: The practical application of physical, mechanical, and mathematical principles. (Stedman, 25th ed)Oocytes: Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).

Estimation of current density distribution under electrodes for external defibrillation. (1/43)

BACKGROUND: Transthoracic defibrillation is the most common life-saving technique for the restoration of the heart rhythm of cardiac arrest victims. The procedure requires adequate application of large electrodes on the patient chest, to ensure low-resistance electrical contact. The current density distribution under the electrodes is non-uniform, leading to muscle contraction and pain, or risks of burning. The recent introduction of automatic external defibrillators and even wearable defibrillators, presents new demanding requirements for the structure of electrodes. METHOD AND RESULTS: Using the pseudo-elliptic differential equation of Laplace type with appropriate boundary conditions and applying finite element method modeling, electrodes of various shapes and structure were studied. The non-uniformity of the current density distribution was shown to be moderately improved by adding a low resistivity layer between the metal and tissue and by a ring around the electrode perimeter. The inclusion of openings in long-term wearable electrodes additionally disturbs the current density profile. However, a number of small-size perforations may result in acceptable current density distribution. CONCLUSION: The current density distribution non-uniformity of circular electrodes is about 30% less than that of square-shaped electrodes. The use of an interface layer of intermediate resistivity, comparable to that of the underlying tissues, and a high-resistivity perimeter ring, can further improve the distribution. The inclusion of skin aeration openings disturbs the current paths, but an appropriate selection of number and size provides a reasonable compromise.  (+info)

ACUTE INFLAMMATION IN THE RENAL CORTEX AND MEDULLA FOLLOWING THERMAL INJURY. (2/43)

As determined by serial histologic study, the leukocyte component of the acute inflammatory response to thermal injury in the medulla of the kidney of rabbits was markedly delayed and diminished in intensity when compared with the response of the cortex. Similar differences in granulocyte mobilization between cortex and medulla were seen following the inoculation of bacteria. Hydronephrosis produced by ureteral ligation had no discernible effect upon the inflammatory response in either cortex or medulla following thermal burns. The susceptibility of the cortex to E. coli infection was markedly enhanced during leukopenia induced by nitrogen-mustard. These results suggest that deficiencies in granulocyte mobilization play an important role in the increased susceptibility of the renal medulla to bacterial infection.  (+info)

THE NEUROLOGICAL SEQUELAE OF ELECTRICAL INJURY. (3/43)

Electricity is a potentially very dangerous commodity. Community safeguards, however, result in remarkably efficient control of this hazard. Mortality figures appear to be small and constant. No satisfactory morbidity figures are available with regard to general and neurological complications in non-fatal cases. Study of relevant features of such electrical phenomena as voltage level, resistance factors, current pathway, current diffusion and grounding reveals many difficulties in reconstruction of the sequence of events involved in these injuries. These features underline our frequent inability to understand the mechanisms of initiation of unconsciousness and even of differentiation between death by cardiac arrest and death by respiratory paralysis. Fourteen cases of electrical injury with a variety of neurological complications and sequelae are discussed, and the findings in these cases are compared with those of other observers. An attempt is made to present a comprehensive picture of immediate, secondary and late neurological effects, and to illustrate some of the pathological findings in electrocution material.  (+info)

ELECTRICAL BURNS OF THE MOUTH. (4/43)

The amount of tissue loss in electrical burns of the commissure usually is greater than is at first anticipated. Therefore, conservative treatment is advisable until healing is complete, at which time the deformity can be accurately evaluated and whatever reconstructive operation is necessary can be performed.  (+info)

Burns and tracheo-oesophageal-cutaneous fistula. (5/43)

We report an unusual case of electric burns suffered by a 15-yr-old boy. The patient's neck had come in contact with a high voltage broken electric wire and by reflex he had pulled it away with his right hand. He presented with a tracheo-cutaneous fistula with a right-sided pneumothorax. Emergency airway management included insertion of a tracheostomy tube through the traumatic opening in the neck and insertion of an intercostal tube drain. When the diagnostic endoscopy revealed an externally communicating tracheo-oesophageal fistula, protecting the lower airways from gastrointestinal contamination became a priority. The patient was anaesthetized through the traumatic tracheostomy and a formal low tracheostomy was done below the level of the fistula. The patient then underwent oesophageal reconstruction with a stomach free flap. Tracheo-oesophageal-cutaneous fistula is a rare presentation of electric burns. The anaesthetic management of the emergency difficult airway in any penetrating neck injury can be extremely difficult requiring a carefully planned multi-disciplinary approach.  (+info)

Unusual explosive growth of a squamous cell carcinoma of the scalp after electrical burn injury and subsequent coverage by sequential free flap vascular connection--a case report. (6/43)

BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinomos may arise from chronic ulcerating wounds in scars, most commonly postburn scars. Tumour growth usually takes place over months to years. Localization on the scalp is a relatively rare condition. CASE PRESENTATION: This report presents the case of a 63-year-old man with chronic ulceration of a postburn scar of the scalp due to an electrical burn 58 years ago. Sudden tumour growth started within weeks and on presentation already had extended through the skull into frontal cortex. After radical tumour resection, defect was covered with a free radial forearm flap. Local recurrence occurred 6 weeks later. Subsequent wide excision including discard of the flap and preservation of the radial vessels was followed by transfer of a free latissimus dorsi muscle flap, using the radial vessels of the first flap as recipient vessels. The patient received radiotherapy post-operatively. There were no problems with flap survivals or wound healing. Due to rapidly growing recurrence the patient died 2 months later. CONCLUSION: Explosive SCC tumour growth might occur in post-burn scars after more than 50 years. As a treatment option the use of sequential free flap connections might serve in repeated extensive tumour resections, especially in the scalp region, where suitable donor vessels are often located in distance to the defect.  (+info)

Utilization of skin flap for reconstruction of the genitalia after an electric burn. (7/43)

The objective of this article is to describe a case of an electric burn to the genitalia causing scrotal and testicular lesion, and the subsequent reconstruction using a skin graft. The patient was a 10-year-old boy who was victim of an electric burn that harmed the genitalia. There was extended skin loss, penile, scrotal and partial testicular lesion. The treatment consisted of plastic surgery to reconstruct the genitalia with skin flaps grafted on the left thigh, the scrotum and the base of the penis. The patient recovered well and was discharged after two weeks. We concluded that in severe cases of electric burns to the genitalia, skin graft offer a good therapeutic option.  (+info)

Survival of an eight-year-old child with a very severe high-tension electrical burn injury: a case report. (8/43)

We present the management and survival of an eight-year-old boy with a severe high-tension electrical burn injury of 68% of total body surface area in a surgical intensive care unit, as a result of a well-planned and applied treatment strategy. Subsequent to escharotomy and fasciotomy operations under general anesthesia, the patient was taken into the surgical intensive care unit. In addition, patient underwent nine more operations including right femur disarticulation and split-thickness skin graftings with homografts from his brother and autografts. The patient was connected to mechanical ventilator for 59 days. By the time the patient was transferred to plastic and reconstructive surgery ward, he was fully conscious, cooperated and hemodynamically stable.  (+info)

An electrical burn is a burn that results from electricity passing through the body causing rapid injury. Approximately 1,000 deaths per year due to electrical injuries are reported in the United States, with a mortality rate of 3-5%. Electrical burns differ from thermal or chemical burns in that they cause much more subdermal damage. They can exclusively cause surface damage, but more often tissues deeper underneath the skin have been severely damaged. As a result, electrical burns are difficult to accurately diagnose, and many people underestimate the severity of their burn. In extreme cases, electricity can cause shock to the brain, strain to the heart, and injury to other organs. For a burn to be classified as electrical, electricity must be the direct cause. For example, burning a finger on a hot electric steam iron would be thermal, not electrical. Electricity passing through resistance creates heat, so there is no current entering the body in this type of burn. Likewise, a fire that is ...
Care guide for Electrical Burn In Children (Inpatient Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and support.
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of gas channel depth on current density distribution of polymer electrolyte fuel cell by numerical analysis including gas flow through gas diffusion layer. AU - Inoue, Gen. AU - Matsukuma, Yosuke. AU - Minemoto, Masaki. PY - 2006/6/19. Y1 - 2006/6/19. N2 - In order to apply a numerical analysis to design an actual scale separator in polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), it is needed to enlarge the calculation size. In this study, mass transfer and flow in gas diffusion layer were calculated, and gas diffusion layer (GDL) mass transfer approximate model based on the theoretical model was developed. Next, with this model, PEFC reaction and thermal flow analysis model, which enabled us to calculate the case of an actual scale cell, was made. Furthermore, the effects of separator channel depth on output performance and current density distribution were examined with this numerical analysis. As a result, in the case of shallow channels, the oxygen transfer rate to electrode ...
0096] Similarly as with the embodiments in FIGS. 2 through 7, in the embodiment in FIGS. 8 and 9 the different shapes of the electrode surfaces 320, 340, when the first jaw member 30 is in the first working position 301, cause a strong concentration of the current flow with a distinct maximum of current density in the vicinity of the edge 326 on the first electrode 32 and, when the first jaw member 30 is in the second working position 302, the smooth shape of the electrode surface 340 causes a markedly less concentrated current density distribution. The difference between the current density distributions in the working positions 301, 302 of the first jaw member 30 is, however, smaller in the embodiment in FIGS. 8 and 9 than in the embodiments in FIGS. 2 through 7 because the groove 426 on the electrode 42 of the second jaw member 40 corresponding to the edge 326 on the first electrode 32 of the first jaw member 30 partly counteracts the concentration of current density. In addition, the convex ...
Numerical modeling is becoming an integral part of all research and development within the field of electrolytic systems. A numerical model that calculates the current density distribution and concentration profiles of a chlorate cell is presented here, The results are shown as functions of electrolyte velocity and exchange current density. The model takes into account the three transport mechanisms; diffusion, migration, and convection by considering the development of the flow velocity vector through the channel. It was seen that the developing velocity profile influences the concentration overpotentials, which in turn influences current density distributions. Results from the model show that the total current density decreased along the length of the anode, and that this distribution varied more at lower velocities. In addition, it was seen that migration contributes significantly to species transport, even within the diffusion layer. Finally, the model indicates that the hypochlorite ion is ...
For the two to start with- and second-degree burns, utilize great jogging water to the region for a minimum of 10 minutes. This can assistance decrease swelling. One of the most severe burns are third-diploma burns. Not only are every one of the levels of skin burnt, but muscle, Excess fat, bone, and various tissues are quickly or completely affected. A 3rd-degree burn needs professional medical focus. Another severe burn up that will need treatment method can be an electrical burn up, like from an influence cable. These sorts of burns might trigger interior damage, even when the burn up doesnt depart a mark over the pores and skin ...
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How to relax and help your body to recover from the negative effects of everydays stress effects by practicing deep muscle relaxation breathing technique?
TY - JOUR. T1 - Evaluation of the optimal separator shape with reaction and flow analysis of polymer electrolyte fuel cell. AU - Inoue, Gen. AU - Matsukuma, Yosuke. AU - Minemoto, Masaki. PY - 2006/3/9. Y1 - 2006/3/9. N2 - The small polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) was experimented by changing operation temperature and H2 and O2 concentration in supply gas, and the PEFC reaction characteristic model that can express these influences was created. Moreover, PEFC reaction and flow analysis model was made with this reaction characteristic model and thermal flow analysis model. Furthermore, in order to improve the performance and the safety of PEFC, five kinds of separators were evaluated from the viewpoint of state of gas flow, uniformity of current density and temperature, reduction of pressure loss and exhaustibility of liquid water with this PEFC reaction and flow analysis model. In case of parallel separator, flow rate and current density distribution was not uniform, and exhaustibility of ...
TY - CONF. T1 - MEG analysis with spatial filter and multiple linear regression. AU - Okawa, Shinpei. AU - Honda, Satoshi. PY - 2004/12/1. Y1 - 2004/12/1. N2 - A spatial filterlor MEG analysis which does not utilize any temporal and prior information is proposed. The spatial filter is normalized to satisfy the criterion which is derived from the definition of the spatial filter. Due to the normalization, the spatial filter outputs the largest value at its target position. Furthermore, the current density distribution estimated with spatial filter is localized with Mallows Cp statistic which selects an optimum regression model. Some numerical experiments verify that this method estimates almost correct positions of dipoles. It is also confirmed that new method we propose gives more reliable estimation than the conventional method which decides dipole on the position of the largest current density estimated with spatial filter iteratively.. AB - A spatial filterlor MEG analysis which does not ...
We investigate the effect of lattice geometry on the magnetic anisotropy and transport properties of Ni80Fe20 antidot nanostructures. The structures were fabricated using deep ultra-violet lithography at 248nm exposure wavelength. For an antidot array with a square lattice, a fourfold magnetic anisotropy with alternating hard axis and easy axis every 45° was observed. The honeycomb and rhomboid antidot lattice, however, both show a sixfold anisotropy, conforming well to the symmetry of their respective lattices. The magnetic hysteresis and micromagnetic simulation of the spin states at remanence show that the magnetization reversal process is very sensitive to the lattice arrangement of the holes. From the magnetotransport measurements, both the current density distribution and the magnetoresistance behaviour are markedly dependent on the antidot lattice geometry, in agreement with our transport simulations. © 2006 IOP Publishing Ltd ...
Continued From Above... The anterior muscles, such as the quadriceps femoris, iliopsoas, and sartorius, work as a group to flex the thigh at the hip and extend the leg at the knee. Posterior muscles, such as the hamstrings and gluteus maximus, produce the opposite motion - extension of the thigh at the hip and flexion of the leg at the knee. Lateral muscles, such as the gluteus medius, abduct the thigh at the hip while the medial groin muscles adduct the thigh. All of these muscle groups provide powerful contractions to propel the body while making fine adjustments to maintain the bodys posture and balance.. Located inferior to the knee are a number of muscles that move the ankle, foot, and toes. The calf muscles, including the gastrocnemius and soleus, join to form the strong calcaneal (Achilles) tendon of the heel and attach to the calcaneus bone in the heel. These muscles contract to plantar flex the foot - such as when standing on your tiptoes - and flex the toes. Shin muscles, such as the ...
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The muscles of the lower back help stabilize, rotate, flex, and extend the spinal column, a bony system comprised of 24 vertebrae that gives the body structure and houses the spinal cord. The spinal cord and its nerves are the means by which the body and brain communicate.
The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) has popularized our awareness of checking for asymmetries in the body during movement. Muscle strains and joint
Superficial muscles are close to the surface of the skin. Muscles which lie closer to bone or internal organs are called deep muscles.. ...
The hand has several muscles. Some make broad, smooth movements, and others make small, finite movements. Its the combination of the exterior and deep muscles of the hand and forearm that allow the hand to perform such detailed tasks.
The novel design of a deep muscle along the spinal column called the multifidus muscle may in fact be key to spinal support and a healthy back, according to researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine.
The latissimus dorsi, trapezius and rhomboids are among the main muscles of the back. The lats and traps are large muscles that can be seen superficially, or from the outside. The rhomboids are much smaller muscles that cannot be seen superficially and are thus called deep muscles. All of these back muscles can be ...
objectives By the end of the lecture you should be able to: Enumerates the group of muscles forming the forearm. Arrange these muscles into anterior (flexors) and posterior (extensors). Enumerate each of these groups of muscles into superficial and deep muscles. Remember the nerve supply and action of these muscles.
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1.0 1.1 Kym D, Seo DK, Hur GY, Lee JW. Epidemiology of electrical injury: Differences between low- and high-voltage electrical injuries during a 7-year study period in South Korea. Scand J Surg. 2015 Jun;104(2):108-14. ...
Originally from south Florida, John Creagh is no stranger to random electrical storms and, after a stint in the ED at the University of Miami School of Medicine, the injuries they incur. So when asked to present at Grand Rounds at the Johns Hopkins Childrens Center in Baltimore, where he is a pediatric resident, it was only natural for him to choose the acute care and management of electrical injuries as his topic.. "Electrical injuries dont happen that frequently up here so I thought it would be good to look at the literature and figure out what pediatricians need to look for and how they should treat patients," says Creagh.. What did he learn?. ...
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Patients with high-voltage electrical injuries had very high rates of infection, morbidity, and limb amputation. The results of early and late flap coverage in these patients were prospectively compared. The patients were divided into two groups, early flap group (≤3 weeks) and late flap group (|3 w
Electrical injury is a physiological reaction caused by electric current passing through the (human) body. Electric shock occurs upon contact of a (human) body part with any source of electricity that causes a sufficient magnitude of current to pass through the victims flesh, viscera or hair. Physical contact with energized wiring or devices is the most common cause of an electric shock. In cases of exposure to high voltages, such as on a power transmission tower, physical contact with energized wiring or objects may not be necessary to cause electric shock, as the voltage may be sufficient to "jump" the air gap between the electrical device and the victim. The injury related to electric shock depends on the magnitude of the current. Very small currents may be imperceptible or produce a light tingling sensation. A shock caused by low current that would normally be harmless could startle an individual and cause injury due to suddenly jerking away from the source of electricity, resulting in one ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - POTENTIAL INJURY REDUCTION THROUGH USE OF DIESEL EQUIPMENT. T2 - AN ANALYSIS OF ELECTRICAL INJURIES.. AU - Bennett, J. D.. AU - Passmore, D. L.. PY - 1985/12/1. Y1 - 1985/12/1. N2 - The degree of injury and days lost from work due to an injury are examined for selected electrical sources, occurring in conjunction with falls of the injured miner or with selected machinery, that could have been eliminated by use of diesel equipment. Although the number of preventable electrical source injuries is small relative to the total number of injuries during the period examined, many lost-time injuries could have been precluded and thousands of days lost from work could have been avoided.. AB - The degree of injury and days lost from work due to an injury are examined for selected electrical sources, occurring in conjunction with falls of the injured miner or with selected machinery, that could have been eliminated by use of diesel equipment. Although the number of preventable electrical ...
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Definition of deep muscles of back. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
An air injection portable inter-dental toothbrush can be devised consisting of: driving section (10), including air injection pan (14), filter (15) for removing foreign aerial substance from outside, pan motor (16) for bringing in air and supplying it to air injection pan (14), battery (18) as a power for driving the pan and a battery still attached bedding (19); cleaning section (20), including cleansing fluid inlets and hose (24) which is composed of a container (21) for keeping cleansing fluid, where the cleansing fluid container (21) is connected to the hose while the other end of the latter being attached to the center of the gravity so that the fluid inlets and hose can infuse cleansing fluid no matter how the containers position changes, a valve (26) which can control cleansing fluid flow, a stopper (28) by which cleansing fluid being refilled or replaced; injecting section (30), including injecting nozzle 1 (31) where air brought in by driving section (10) and cleansing fluid supplied by
Modern human life is driven by technology . We are gradually taken over by gadgets .Heart is not an exception . Implantable cardiovertor defibrillator (ICD ) is major innovation where in , an electrically wayward heart is brought under control by series of automatic shocks . One of my patients with old MI and significant…
May is National Electrical Safety Month and the following information from the National Safety Council can help you get started in assessing your workplaces electrical safety knowledge. Sound safety practices can help minimize electrical hazards and cut down the risk of accidents. The hazard of electricity cannot be eliminated, but it can be controlled through…
Although we all have slightly different stories as to how these symptoms just showed up one day, my acupuncturist now had a really good analogy that made a lot of sense to me. He said our bodies are constantly adapting to the stress, toxins, and abuse we subject them to day in and day out. The often adapt to allow us to keep on feeling good, but not all adaptations are for our overall health benefit. He compared the bodys tollerance threshold for stress, toxins, and abuse as an empty glass. As we subject it to more and more and it goes on adapting and putting up with everything the glass begins to fill up. One day we reach the point where the water begins to overflow because the tollerance threshold has been reached. We can no longer adapt to feel fine any longer and something has to give. Physical symptoms begin to manifest. We are suddenly aware there is a problem, but the truth is it has been in the works for years. When he works on me, he is working to address the many adaptations that were ...
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One more one particular thats so normally missed will be the deep neck muscles on the front while in the neck, not merely these chaps from the again, everyone knows about These ones that debunks regular rigidity problems but these deep muscles for the entrance around the neck, their occupation is essentially to stabilize and help the neck, and Any time theyre not Functioning perfectly and The pinnacle will get type of floppy and uncomfortable, and which can unquestionably upset the muscles at The bottom of the cranium there and that is that headache that so Loads of folks know ...
Sarah Costonis, L. Ac., has been practicing massage and manual therapy since 1998, and acupuncture since 2005. She weaves a deeply nurturing space for her clients, expertly treating from the superficial fascia and lymph passageways down to the deep muscles, nerves, and brain. Sarah loves to unpack layer after layer of tension, leaving you floating out of the room, and creating a deep memory of relaxation that your body can return to as a new baseline. With acupuncture and craniosacral therapy treatments, Sarah can treat a range of physical and emotional disorders. She specializes in working with headaches and neck pain, anxiety, depression, insomnia, womens health, and immune system and digestive health.. Sarah graduated from the Sarasota School of Natural Healing Arts in 1998, received a BA cum laude in Religious Studies at Macalester College in 2000, and her Masters degree in Traditional Chinese Medicine at East-West College in Sarasota, FL, in 2005. She studied craniosacral therapy ...
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Overview Lateral pterygoid (also called external pterygoid) is a deep muscle located in the face and is part of the muscle group that has a primary role in chewing (mastication). It is short, flat, thick and somewhat conical in shape. … ...
Some of the main symptoms of fibromyalgia in women include morning stiffness, deep muscle pain and painful, tender areas on the body, according to WebMD. Additional symptoms can include ongoing...
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The BBA National Burn Awareness Day, organised by the Prevention Sub-committee, will be held on Wednesday 18 October 2017. 6,637 children were burned or scalded in 2016. This figure only relates to the most serious burns and scalds - This doesnt include the thousands of children seen by emergency departments ...
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Electrical injuries most often occur in industrial accidents and, occasionally, with children who curiously play with electrical outlets or cords (chew on electrical cord). About 93% of electrical injury victims are males. The groups highest at risk are electrical and construction workers most commonly injured by generated electricity. Golfers who stay outdoors in summer during lightning storms, comprise a significantly large group susceptible to lightning strikes.There are two types of electric currents: DIRECT (DC) and ALTERNATING (AC). Injuries which result from direct current occur mainly in industrial environments. The majority of homes are supplied with alternating current. The flow of electricity is from the point of contact to the ground. The injury is dependent on the distance and the resistance of the tissue involved. Alternating current is usually much more disruptive to tissue. Direct current produces a smaller entrance wound with a much larger exit.. The greatest threat to life from ...
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Patients with high-voltage electrical injuries had very high rates of infection, morbidity, and limb amputation. The results of early and late flap coverage in these patients were prospectively compared. The patients were divided into two groups, early flap group (≤3 weeks) and late flap group (|3 weeks), according to the length of time from injury to wound coverage with flap. Age, sex, demographic data, time taken for flap coverage, time taken for pedicle division, time taken to discharge, wound infection, range of motion in joints, amputation, mortality, and outcome were gathered in a special questionnaire. This study included 55 patients, 31 within the early flap group and 24 within the late flap group. Of the 55 patients, 94.6% were male; mean (SD) of age was 29.04 (10.11) and of TBSA was 13.8 (10.07). Length of stay was significantly longer in the late flap group. The rates of infection and amputation were lower in the early flap group. There was no correlation between the type and the number of
Electrical injuries have become a more common form of trauma with a unique pathophysiology and with high morbidity and mortality. They encompass several types, as follows: lightning injury, high-voltage injury, and low-voltage injury.
Patients with electric shock and electrical injuries can suffer trauma, external burns, and occult injuries to deep tissues, affecting all body systems.
An hour after a 220 V electric shock a patient who was susceptible to mild vasovagal symptoms in response to emotional stress had a severe episode of cardiac arrest in response to insertion of a cannula. No myocardial damage or conduction abnormalities were detected by serial 12 lead electrocardiograms. Patients with a history of vasovagal reactions may be at high risk of developing lethal sinus node or conduction disturbances after electrical injuries. Psychological stresses should be avoided in the management of such patients. ...
Electrical injury occurs when the body conducts a strong enough current of electricity, whether man-made or from lightning. Read more about symptoms, first aid, and treatment for high voltage injuries.
A separate Straight, No Chaser will address treatment and prevention considerations related to electrical injuries. In the meantime, look before you get shocked.. Thanks for liking and following Straight, No Chaser! This public service provides a sample of what 844-SMA-TALK and http://www.SterlingMedicalAdvice.com (SMA) offers. Please share our page with your friends on WordPress. We are also on Facebook at SterlingMedicalAdvice.com and Twitter at @asksterlingmd.. ...
NASHVILLE - The Tennessee State Fire Marshals Office is highlighting National Burn Awareness Week (February 4-10, 2018) by sharing basic burn and scald prevention tips and reminding consumers that everyday household items can be burn hazards if not used or stored with care.
Electrical defects and burns lawyers in Cleveland, Ohio. Call toll free 888-340-5284 for a free consultation with Bashein & Bashein.
Pressure ulcer (PU) can initiate in deep muscle closer to bony prominences. The recently emphasized deep tissue injury (DTI) mechanism has received increased attention and several studies reported newly developed DTI animal models. However, concerns exist for the clinical relevance and validity of these models. We propose a rat PU/DTI model which is more clinically relevant by implementing an implant on the bone-tissue interface to simulate the bony prominence as well as including chronic SCI condition. Histological analyses confirmed that the condition of chronic SCI had significant effect on pressure-induced tissue injury in this rat PU model and the including of a simulated bony prominence resulted in significantly greater injury in deep muscle tissue. Further integration of the SCI and the simulated bony prominence would result a rat PU/DTI model which can simulate even more accurately the clinical phenomenon and yield more clinically relevant findings.. ...
Its possible to get or download caterpillar-wiring diagram from several websites. If you take a close look at the diagram you will observe the circuit includes the battery, relay, temperature sensor, wire, and a control, normally the engine control module. With an extensive collection of electronic symbols and components, its been used among the most completed, easy and useful wiring diagram drawing program. Trailblazer Secondary Air Injection Diagram. The wiring diagram on the opposite hand is particularly beneficial to an outside electrician. Sometimes wiring diagram may also refer to the architectural wiring program. The simplest approach to read a home wiring diagram is to begin at the source, or the major power supply. Basically, the home wiring diagram is simply utilized to reveal the DIYer where the wires are.. If you cant locate the information, get in touch with the manufacturer. The info in the diagram doesnt indicate a power or ground supply. The intention of the fuse is to ...
Disfigurement of your face due to an accident or assault can have severe psychological impacts. If you have suffered physically and emotionally due to facial scarring or disfigurement then making a claim for compensation could help.
Rhabdomyolysis. Hopefully youre somewhat familiar with this medical condition. Dr. Michael Ray of CrossFit Flagstaff, AZ states Rhabdomyolysis is a medical condition that may arise when muscle tissue breaks down and muscle cells are released into the bloodstream. The destruction of these cells cause a release of breakdown products, one of which is myoglobin - a protein molecule that is harmful to the kidneys and can cause acute renal failure and even death.. There are two key points that wed like for you to understand: what causes rhabdo and what the symptoms of rhabdo are. First, if you understand the causes of this condition, you can avoid having it. Rhabdo is physically caused by crushing injuries, obstruction of blood supply to muscles, electrical injuries, and yes… exercise. Typically, cases of rhabdo that are related to exercise are attributed to infrequent exposure to high intensity output coupled with poor hydration. In other words, an athlete coming from a globo-gym with a ...
Muscles of the Upper Extremities. Muscles of Shoulder and Arm. Muscles That Move the Forearm and Hand. Muscles of the Trunk. Muscles of Respiration. Muscles of the Abdomen and Pelvis. Deep Muscles of the Back
This activates a deep muscle that wraps right around the abdomen rather like a corset. The muscle is called the transversus abdominis. It helps the back muscles protect your spine against injury and pain.. Let your tummy muscles soften and relax and them gently draw your lower tummy (belly button and below) in towards your spine - keep breathing normally. Do this often during the day and gradually increase the length of hold, up to 5 - 10 seconds. Rest and then repeat this exercise 5 - 10 times. You can practice this exercise when lying down on your side, on hands and knees, sitting or standing.. If you cant feel much try this: as you breathe in expand your ribs as much as possible. Hold that expansion while you breathe out and draw in your belly button towards your spine. It may help if you imagine you are trying to do up a pair of tight jeans.. Every time you lift your baby, push/pull or change your position (eg rolling over in bed or going from sitting to standing), remember to first tighten ...
Usually, patients with fracture of the cervical vertebrae suffered a direct trauma or an accident and the healing process has already started, therefore, depending on the type of fracture and precise diagnostic investigations they have particular protective guardians.. When the process of consolidation of the fracture is radiologically proven, it is crucial to start a specific rehabilitation program.. The first goal is the recovery of mobility through cautious passive manual traction performed strictly in line, and stretching into the active form of the paravertebral cervical dorsal and trapezius. To complete this step is also necessary postural correction of the cervical-thoracic spine in seated position and standing in front of the mirror.. Then you can move on to the second phase, the recovery of the strength of the deep muscles of the cervical spine through progressive isometric exercises at first with low intensity to prevent excessive sliding of the vertebral endplates on each other and of ...
Iliocostalis muscle: Iliocostalis muscle,, any of the deep muscles of the back that, as part of the erector spinae (sacrospinalis) muscle group, aid in extension (bending backward), lateral
In February 2009 a team led by Dr Thomas Bochdanksy, head of the department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at the regional hospital in Feldkirch, Austria, studied the effect of the kyBounder on 31 test subjects, compared with a conventional therapy mat.. He tested the instability caused by the mats based on the distance from subjects center of balance. The results showed that exercise on the kyBounder stimulates postural stability far more than on a conventional therapy mat. Dr Bochdansky believes that this intensive way of improving your balance boosts the functions of the deep muscles and, among other things, helps reduce pain, especially in the lumbar vertebrae.. How the kyBounder compares: huge demands placed on your balance system. The data show that greater control is needed to stand still on the kyBounder (= harder work). This is due to the high degree of instability which characterizes the kyBounder, and can be seen on all frequency levels (see graph). According to Bochdansky ...
When you injure your back people will often tell you that you have to strengthen your abdominals. If this is not explained correctly one would take this statement that you need to strengthen your stomach muscles by performing sit-ups.. The statement is correct but doing sit up while you have back pain will actually increase your pain considerably. What we mean is that you need to increase your Transverse Abdominusstrength. This is a very deep muscle that directly supports your lumbar spine. People with lower back pain often have a very week TVA and therefore they have nothing to stabilising their spine when playing sports or when lifting for example.. This set of muscles are initially difficult to exercise, you will need some instruction from your Osteopath.. The benefit of exercising these muscles are:. ...
I need to install a set of Hedman universal air injector tubes into a set of headers, which where not designed for air injection tubes. All I need to...
The long-term need for greener electricity and our timeless winds are why our great-grandchildren may never experience many of our beautiful Wyoming vistas as the indigenous peoples and pioneers did and the way we do now. More likely, they will see an industrialized landscape - one scarred by thousands of bird-smashing turbines, high-tension lines and innumerable utility roads. Where we see the joyous freedom of open space, they will have to peer through a fragmented, tattooed landscape ...
Ive been using Affimer® technology in my research for the past year and the data generated has been remarkable. My interest lies in understanding the mechanisms for blood clot formation and breakdown with the long-term aim of reducing heart attacks and strokes in high risk patients. A number of Affimer candidates have shown significant effects on the clotting process, which will help to develop novel therapeutic targets aiming to reduce thrombosis risk ...
Our shared goal is safer schools and communities.. Letter to Prairie Spirit parents about the Community Threat Assessment and Support Protocol (CTASP) (September 5, 2017).. Prairie Spirit brochure regarding the Community Threat Assessment and Support Protocol.. Prairie Spirits media release about joining the CTASP.. Student Harassment Protocol. This protocol is meant to provide students and employees with a process by which they can successfully address any harassment or bullying behaviours.. Resources. ...
Electrical Injuries and Lightning Strikes can range from the very trivial to the fatal. Discover about Electrical Injuries and Lightning Strikes
Investigating the role of capacitive coupling between the operating table and the return electrode of an electrosurgery unit in the modification of the current density distribution within the patients body", (BioMedical Engineering OnLine 2013) ...
This page is dedicated to help DC personal injury lawyers discover the best ways of dealing with this type of situations. In this article, you will find out how an electrocution injury case should be approached from the best electric shock attorney, Chris Beard.
0215] FIG. 28 illustrates air injection into the slurry line 1902. The pellet slurry exits the cutting shroud 400 into the slurry line 1902 through the sight glass 1906 past the angle elbow 1908 where the compressed air is injected from the air-injection inlet valve 1910 through the angled slurry line 1902 and past the enlarged elbow 1912 through and into dryer 1400. It is preferred that the air injection into the angled elbow 1908 is in line with the axis of the slurry line 1902 providing the maximum effect of that air injection on the pellet/water slurry resulting in constant aspiration of the mixture. The angle formed between the vertical axis of slurry line 1902 and the longitudinal axis of said slurry line 1902 can vary from approximately 0° to approximately 90° or more as obviated by the variance in the height of the pelletizer 900 relative to the height of the dryer inlet 1914 to the dryer 1400. This difference in height can be due to the physical positioning of the dryer inlet 1914 of ...
UCSF neurosurgeons and an MRI physicist have pioneered a faster, more accurate and less invasive surgical technique for treating patients with movement disorders, potentially changing the future of neurosurgery.
Close to 1,000 deaths occur annually nationwide as a result of electrical injuries. The vast majority of these injuries are sustained in the workplace, and with some basic understanding of electrical energy and hazard awareness, employers and employees could prevent them.
For bladder cancer, another key indicator for likelihood to spread is the depth of penetration into the bladder wall. The bladder wall is composed of an inner lining called the urothelium (made up of transitional cells) which rests on a membrane layer called the basement membrane, below which is the connective tissue layer (support tissues) called the lamina propria. Within the lamina propria lies a small amount of muscle called the muscularis mucosa. Deep to the lamina propria is the deep muscle of the bladder arranged in three layers. This layer is called the muscularis propria. Tumors located in the inside, superficial layers of the bladder wall are unlikely to spread. Tumors that grow into the deeper layers (down into the muscle of the bladder wall) are much more likely to spread. Furthermore, there is a definite link between the grade of the tumor and its likelihood of invasion. Low grade tumors are almost always noninvasive, while high grade tumors are usually invasive. In general, ...
So many doctors didnt know about (fibromyalgia). They kept sending me to psychiatrists who asked why I didnt like school.". Alice Norton can think of only one word to describe her daughter Phoebes descent into debilitating pain and fatigue. "Horrible," she says. "Phoebe had constant pain in her back, neck and head. She couldnt do anything. She was home all day and missed almost two years of school. Sometimes she would sleep all day and be up all night. We would go to the doctor two to three times a week, trying to get help. We tried everything we could possibly think of, but nothing made a difference.". A year after being told that Phoebe fit some of the criteria for fibromyalgia - a musculoskeletal disorder associated with deep muscle pain, fatigue and disturbed sleep - Alice found herself down at the Hospital for Sick Children "sobbing and begging for help.". Phoebes diagnosis was confirmed and the 13-year-old was referred to Bloorview MacMillan Childrens Centres inpatient pain service ...
I know that basically I should not be pregnant as I havent had intercourse since then, but on a normal basis Im fairly common and this month has not been significantly demanding and Im not ailing. The aim of a deep tissue massage is to loosen up deep muscle and tissue fibers. Generally, light cramping in being pregnant is caused by pregnanxy small cyst that develops on your ovary early pregnancy endocrinology ovulation. Everything went very nicely, if not a little bit loopy and hectic. If any leg ache persists (particularly with leg swelling), contact your physician immediately. Pregnancy hormones soften your joints and ligaments, which can increase the chance of harm during pregnancy. Bleeding from the vagina in early being pregnant is very common. I had cramping that has been occurring for a week in addition to nausea that began around the similar time. If your cycles are irregular and you arent charting, this isnt a very pregnancy 3 weeks abortion system for you. In case you are ...
Face injuries or disfigurement? You may have a case. Get a free case review from our Pennsylvania attorneys - no fee unless we get money for you.
Only on SkinInc.com: A new study from Rice University indicates that interviewers remembered less about candidates with birthmarks, scars and other facial disfigurements when recalling the interview process. Find out from makeup artist Noreen Young how to best work with these clients in your skin care facility.
Only on SkinInc.com: A new study from Rice University indicates that interviewers remembered less about candidates with birthmarks, scars and other facial disfigurements when recalling the interview process. Find out from makeup artist Noreen Young how to best work with these clients in your skin care facility.
Service Rates for MR Scanner usage has been listed for Human and Animals. Capabilities include: fMRI (functional imaging), MR angiography, Cardiac MRI, Interventional MRI, Neuro Imaging, Musculoskeletal MRI, Whole-body MRI, Multinuclear MRI/MRS, Clinical research trials, Experimental animal disease models.
Designed with professional users in mind, the Husqvarna 365 is a resilient, rugged and versatile petrol chainsaw that offers high performance in the most demanding conditions. A professional chainsaw suitable for a variety of applications, it has a range of user focussed features designed to maximise the pro chainsaw users efficiency.. Helpful features include an X-Torque 70cc chainsaw engine, that improves fuel economy by up to 20% and torque up to 18%, while the chainsaws air injection system cleans the air before entering the engine to reduce both engine wear and air filter maintenance. This chainsaw comes with an optional 18
I am looking for an equation that describes the energy distribution within the space containing a vibrating string. Think of it as being an enclosed evacuated box with a rubber band or piano wire connected to each end, and is vibrating at the primary frequency. I can guess that the length, deflection distance, width, elasticity, and density of the band would all come into play, and no doubt several other parameters which I have not yet thought of ...
I cant belive you had something nice to say. I am happy for Sharron and we see far worse with ppl living with disfigurements. I see ppl so obese that they have a "double wide" electric scooter. I see ppl burned in fires with skin still burnt. I see ppl without legs/limbs. If they are comfortable in their own skin, I say let them be. Llfe is not what body you are born with or are later left with due to circumstances. Life is about living and letting others be free to live without judgement or fear. I know I go hard on what a celeb is wearing or what they say or what they do. Some things are different. This is a different one of those somethings. Everyone needs to stop being so vain and remember that this could happen to us. If my face or body were disfigured I know GOD gave me a personality to back it up. Yes I am LSLH but I did not choose to be, I am who I am and I have a big heart for others.. ...
Were not talking about cutting edge technology here. Im surprised I havent seen this before. Its just a mug that plugs into the cigarette lighter in your car to keep your fluids warm (fluids not included).. It has a little display on the side to inform you of the inside temperature, and even has the decency to shut off when it senses the liquid of choice reaching molten lava temperatures, saving you from the potentially embarassing disfigurement.. It can be had for 29.95$ in a fine establishment like this one.. ...
Scientists have identified the genetic blueprint of a parasite that causes disfigurement and debilitating diseases, an advance which could lead to new treatments, research released Thursday said.
Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a benign bone tumor, with a male-female ratio of approximately 2:1 and mainly affecting long bones. Ten percent of the lesions occur in the spine, mostly within the posterior elements. Treatment options for OO include surgical excision and percutaneous imaging-guided radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Lesions within the spine have an inherent risk of thermal damage to the vital structure because of proximity to the neural elements. We report a novel use of the epidural catheter for air injection for the neuroprotection of nerves close to the OO of the spine. A 12-year-old and 30 kg male child with an OO of the L3 vertebra was taken up for RFA. His preoperative examinations were within normal limits. The OO was very close to the L3 nerve root. Under general anesthesia, lumbar epidural catheter was placed in the L3-L4 space under imaging guidance. Ten ml of aliquots of air was injected under imaging guidance to avoid injury to the neural structures due to RFA. The air created a gap
A compact, hybrid particulate and gas collector that can be used in an ultra-clean air purification, vehicle emissions control system, gas turbine, or in any other application where space and lower cost is important or in applications where sub-micron and nano-particulate filtering is needed such as in clean rooms and surgical suites. A gas flow enters the device in a first chamber and can be immediately exposed to a high-tension corona discharge electric field which typically results in a strong ionic flow by charging and collecting the incoming effluent (oil mist, soot particles, etc.). Subsequently, the charged flow enters a second zone of high-tension uniform electric field that causes the remaining charged particles to migrate to one of the charged electrodes. One of the electrodes can be made of porous filter material that allows the cleaned gas to flow into an exit zone also containing a high-tension uniform electric field where the remaining effluent can be collected prior to the ultra-clean gas
Answer questions about the transmission chance decrease valtrex can of deformity. Mediolateral 1. Incision 25 degrees for several weeks before gbs developed. Complications 1. Progressive excess mucus production, ineffective cough, possible pulmonary edema in the frontoparietal scalp. Management acute bacterial meningitis, subarachnoid or intracranial abscess; spread of the neck at the same time as is needed before discharge. Change the 3 weeks postdelivery. The vomer is then exchanged for a primary injury results from infection or sepsis are essential and should therefore be avoided. The joint position statement of the antrum, which is caused by enlarged lymph nodes facilitates selection of management even when high-pressure inflations are utilized liberally to avoid wearing shoes and stockings or garments after the patient is dysphagic or unconscious, initiate aspiration precautions: Elevate head of the. If the patient to identify the deep muscles of facial expression. 2. Interventions in ...
Needle stimulation (acupuncture) has recently been shown to increase blood flow in the tibialis anterior muscle and overlying skin in healthy subjects (HS) and patients with fibromyalgia (FM). The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of needle stimulation on local blood flow in the trapezius muscle and overlying skin in HS and two groups of patients suffering from chronic pain in the trapezius muscle, i.e., FM and work-related trapezius myalgia (TM) patients. Two modes of needling, deep muscle stimulation (Deep) and subcutaneous needle insertion (SC), were performed at the upper part of the shoulder and blood flow was monitored for 60 min post-stimulation. Blood flow changes were measured non-invasively by using a new application of photoplethysmography. Increased blood flow in the trapezius muscle and overlying skin was found in all three groups following both Deep and SC. In HS, Deep was superior to SC in increasing skin and muscle blood flow, whereas in FM, SC was as effective ...
When something touches our skin, its generally very easy for our brains to pinpoint the exact location of stimulation due to the dense forest of nerves that cover the outside of our bodies. On the contrary, the insides of our bodies have a much less developed sensory system which often makes it hard to describe and locate a potential source of discomfort. Nowhere is this more of a problem than the head, neck, and face. For example, ear pain can be referred from the back of the tongue, the tonsils, the back of the nose, and even deep muscles of the neck.. In this post, I want to touch on a very specific type of referred pain called Sluders neuralgia which are contact headaches caused by a severely deviated nasal septum. Ill begin by summarizing the clinical course of a recent patient. The patient had been suffering from more than 15 years of predominantly right sided headaches. Her headaches werent constant but when they struck, they kept her out of work for days at a time. She didnt have ...
Recent studies have added to the body of knowledge regarding the effects of mechanical load, showing definite physiological and clinical changes2-3 related to TM. An important effect of TM is thought to be its effect on peripheral blood flow. While skin temperature correlates with skin blood-flow studies, skin probes and their effect on the skin are questionable.4 A recent study using dynamic infrared thermography2 compared the effects of a 20-minute massage that included a deep muscle combination of friction, gliding (effleurage), kneading (petrissage), direct pressure and passive stretching to the neck and shoulders versus light touch (just the hands placed in contact with the skin) or a control scenario in which the patient rested quietly in the treatment position ...
There is no specific treatment, cure, or vaccine for hantavirus infection. However, we do know that if infected individuals are recognized early and receive medical care in an intensive care unit, they may do better. In intensive care, patients are intubated and given oxygen therapy to help them through the period of severe respiratory distress.. The earlier the patient is brought in to intensive care, the better. If a patient is experiencing full distress, it is less likely the treatment will be effective.. Therefore, if you have been around rodents and have symptoms of fever, deep muscle aches, and severe shortness of breath, see your doctor immediately. Be sure to tell your doctor that you have been around rodents-this will alert your physician to look closely for any rodent-carried disease, such as HPS.. ...
When you injure your back people will often tell you that you have to strengthen your abdominals. If this is not explained correctly one would take this statement to mean that you need to strengthen your stomach muscles by performing sit-ups.. While the statement is correct, at Blair & Chapman Chiropractic our skilled Chiropractors understand that doing sit ups while you have back pain will actually increase your pain considerably. Whats actually meant is that you need to increase your Transverse Abdominus strength. This is a very deep muscle that directly supports your lumbar spine. People with lower back pain often have a very weak TVA and therefore they have nothing to stabilising their spine when playing sports or when lifting.. This set of muscles are initially difficult to exercise, you will need some instruction from one of Blair & Chapman Chiropractics Chiropractors.. The benefits of exercising these muscles are:. ...
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Introduction: Traumatic lip injuries present major challenges in terms of reconstructive options and the outcome of surgical management. The aetiology of lip injuries includes human bite as interpersonal violence. Bite wounds are always considered to be complex injuries contaminated with unique polymicrobial inoculum. A classification of facial bite injuries has been included and the surgical management of these lesions has also been discussed. We report a rare bite injury on the lower lip that resembled an ulcerative process. Case presentation: A 30-year-old African man presented with a severe tissue defect on his lower lip to a Dental and Oral Department in Tanzania. He explained that 12 days ago he had been involved in a fight and someone had bitten his lower lip. An orofacial examination confirmed a serious loss of lip tissue that resembled a chronic ulcerative process. Accurate assessment of the lesion was made by a thorough evaluation of some parameters such as size, depth, presence of ...
Joseph M. Still, Jr., M.D., dedicated his entire professional life to improvements in the treatment of burn patients. He partnered with Doctors Hospital in Augusta to create the Joseph M. Still Burn Center, one of the worlds leading treatment facilities for burn victims.. His care for patients, however, carried beyond hospital walls. Dr. Still also founded the Southeastern Firefighters Burn Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization devoted to helping burn patients and their families with non-medical necessities. The Foundation operates the Shirley Badke Retreat, a place for people to stay while their family members are in the burn center.. Leadership was a way of life for Dr. Still. At 13, he became an Eagle Scout, and numerous honors and achievements led to his nomination as one of the "Outstanding Young Men in America." A Charlotte, N.C., native, Dr. Still attended Shorter College in Rome, Ga., where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in biology and chemistry. He earned his medical ...
Muscle spindles are skeletal muscle mechanoreceptors that mediate the stretch reflex and provide axial and limb position information to the central nervous system. They have been proposed to play a major role in the pathophysiology of muscle pain. Knowledge about the normal human muscle spindles is needed in order to understand their role in muscle disease or dysfunction.. The aim of this study was to investigate the fiber content and MyHC composition of the muscle spindles in the human biceps brachii (BB) and deep muscles of the neck (DN); to determine whether there are age-related changes in human muscle spindles with respect to structure and MyHC composition; to investigate the distribution of SERCA isoforms and to evaluate whether there is a coordinated expression of SERCA and MyHC isoforms in intrafusal fibers. The myosin heavy chain (MyHC) content correlates to contraction velocity and force and the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) is a major determinant of muscle fiber ...
The present study was conducted to analyze the alterations affecting cyclins D1, E, and A in bilharzial bladder cancer and to assess their potential clinical significance. A total of 125 cases were examined. Histopathological subtypes included 68 squamous cell carcinomas, 55 transitional cell carcinomas, and 2 adenocarcinomas. Immunohistochemical analyses were performed using a panel of well-characterized antibodies. The results were correlated with proliferative index, as assessed by Ki67 antigen expression. The cyclin D1-positive phenotype, defined as the identification of positive immunoreactivity in the nuclei of ,/=20% of tumor cells, was found in 33 of 107 (31%) evaluable cases. A significant association was observed between the cyclin D1-positive phenotype and deep muscle invasion (P = 0.02), high tumor grade (P = 0.02), and Ki67 high proliferative index (P = 0.03). The cyclin E-positive phenotype, defined as per cyclin D1, was found in 79 of 106 (75%) evaluable cases. The cyclin ...
Thermal and electrical burn[edit]. Thermal burns usually result from placing hot food or beverages in the mouth. This may occur ... Electrical burns in the mouth are usually caused by chewing on live electrical wiring (an act that is relatively common among ... Electrical burns more commonly affect the oral commissure (corner of the mouth). The lesions are usually initially painless, ... and this has led to a rise in the frequency of intra-oral thermal burns. Thermal food burns are usually on the palate or ...
Electrical burn. frictional/traumatic/sports. Black heel and palm. Equestrian perniosis. Jogger's nipple. Pulling boat hands. ... Radiation burn. Chronic radiation keratosis. Eosinophilic, polymorphic, and pruritic eruption associated with radiotherapy. ...
Electrical burn. frictional/traumatic/sports. Black heel and palm. Equestrian perniosis. Jogger's nipple. Pulling boat hands. ... Radiation burn. Chronic radiation keratosis. Eosinophilic, polymorphic, and pruritic eruption associated with radiotherapy. ... Other nonsurgical physical procedures, such as high-intensity radiation therapy, may cause burns and alterations in the skin. ...
Burns, Russell (2004). Communications: an international history of the formative years. Inst. of Electrical Engineers. p. 541. ... "Scientists born on October 21st". Retrieved 31 October 2007.. *^ "History of Steam Ploughing". Steam Plough Club. 1998. ... Discovery of the planet Uranus[206] and the moons Titania, Oberon, Enceladus, Mimas [207] by Sir William Herschel (German born ... Demonstrated that electric circuits obey the law of the conservation of energy and that electricity is a form of energy First ...
As with Foxtrot, John Burns helped with production.[10] Burns' technical skills resulted in a good recorded sound and ... "After the Ordeal" is an instrumental written by Hackett; the song originated as more of an electric piece but neither he nor ... Michael Rutherford - 12-string guitar, bass, electric sitar. *Phil Collins - drums, assorted percussion, lead vocals on "More ... The percussion sounds heard at the beginning are Gabriel playing with a talking drum that Burns had purchased from Nigeria.[30] ...
"I Was Born" (2010). *"The Obituaries" (2011). *"Gates" (2012). *Electric Split (2013) (split with The Bouncing Souls) ... The Menzingers covered "Kate is Great" from The Bouncing Souls, and The Bouncing Souls covered "Burn After Writing" from On the ...
Electric Eye. *Turbo Lover. *Freewheel Burning. *Parental Guidance. *Living after Midnight. *You've Got Another Thing Coming ...
"Drifter LG50". Burns London. "Marty Wilde - Antoria electric guitar". British Music Experience. Archived from the original on ... Paul Alcantara (September 2010). "50 Years Of Burns Guitars". Guitar Buyer Magazine (109): 89. "Burns-Weill Fenton (1958?)". ... Especially, Antoria LG-50 played by Hank Marvin in the late-1950s had influenced on the design of Burns-Weill Fenton guitars, ... By the late 1950s or early 1960s, they made up to 1,500 slide guitars, 1,600 electric guitars and basses, 2,000 guitar ...
"Wetmore fire burns hundreds of acres within an hour". www.denverpost.com. The Denver Post. Retrieved 15 June 2014.. ... "Woodland Heights fire caused by electric line rubbed by tree". Denver Post. Retrieved 2012-06-30 ... "National Report of Wildland Fires and Acres Burned by State 2012" (PDF). National Interagency Fire Center. Retrieved 30 August ... Burning since May 13, this 22,400-acre fire is located in the San Juan National Forest north of the Piedra River near Pagosa ...
Burns, Russell, ed. Radar Development to 1945. London: Institution of Electrical Engineers. 2007. Chapter 8 Bawdsey Research ... Leonard Chapman was born on 28 March 1910 to father George Chapman and mother Ellen Cole. George Chapman was serving at the ... after which he attended the Royal Air Force Electrical and Radio School for 3 years. Finally in 1937 he attended the Ground ... the Royal Air Force Electrical and Wireless school for training aircraft apprentices. Subsequently, Chapman attended the ...
"Accompanying 1 photo, from 1972" (PDF). "Metlar Home Burns. Electrical Problem Suspected. Wing Built In 1870 Damaged". Home ...
This guitar is the earliest solid body electric guitar to be commercially produced in the UK. Jim Burns left Supersound in ... Day, Paul (Winter 2012). "Electric Dreams". Vintage Rock Magazine Issue 5 p. 90. Day, Paul (1979). The Burns Book. The ... The Supersound Short Scale Standard (1958)] is the earliest known, UK-made, solid electric.... "The different Burns companies ... Jim Burns built the body and neck with the electronics and finished completed by Alan Wootton. Supersound Ike Isaacs Short ...
600,000 per day by use of electric power from projects on the Columbia River rather than local power companies burning more ... Increasing Wind Energy's Contribution to US Electrical Supply" (pdf): 15. Retrieved 2008-12-11. AEP- American Electric Power ... The project was undertaken as a close collaboration between General Electric of the U.S. and ASEA of Sweden, and the system was ... The US has a process of designating National Interest Electric Transmission Corridors, and it is likely that this process would ...
Assessment of static electrical propensity. *EN 1891 : Personal protective equipment for the prevention of falls from a height ... Determination of resistance to stubbed and burning cigarettes. *EN 1496 : Personal fall protection equipment. Rescue lifting ... EN 50102: Degrees of protection provided by enclosures for electrical equipment against external mechanical impacts ... EN 50119: Railway applications - Fixed installations: Electric traction overhead contact lines for railways ...
Electrical impulses are sent through the nerve and the speed and intensity at which they travel is measured. If there is ... Painful burning, tingling, or numb sensations in the lower legs. Pain worsens and spreads after standing for long periods; pain ... Patients with TTS typically complain of numbness in the foot radiating to the big toe and the first 3 toes, pain, burning, ... Tinel's sign is a tingling electric shock sensation that occurs when you tap over an affected nerve. The sensation usually ...
Burns, Todd (September 1, 2003). "Electric Company: Slow Food". Stylus. Retrieved June 17, 2013. ... Slow Food is the fifth album by Electric Company, released on April 9, 2001 through Planet Mu. All tracks written by Brad Laner ...
Does the Cosmic Shepherd Dream of Electric Tapirs? (2004). *The Penultimate Galactic Bordello Also the World You Made (2004) ... Born to Be Wild in the USA 2000 (2002). *In C (2002) ...
Kerosene lamp, a lamp burning liquid kerosene. *Lamp (electrical component), a replaceable component that produces light, such ... Frank Lampard (born 1978), nickname "Lamps", English footballer. See also[edit]. *Light Airborne Multi-Purpose System (LAMPS), ... Lamp, a fuel burning illumination *Oil lamp, the original use of this term ...
Detlef Ninnemann (born 1944), a German patent attorney and electrical engineer.. JPL · 52294. ... Noam Chomsky (born 1928), an American linguist and philosopher.. JPL · 52270. 52271 Lecorbusier. 1988 RP3. Le Corbusier ( ... Donald Carl Johanson (born 1943), an American paleoanthropologist.. JPL · 52246. 52260 Ureshino. 1982 KA. Ureshino, a city ... Hans-Peter Röser (born 1949), director of the Institute of Space Studies at the University of Stuttgart.. JPL · 52308. ...
Burns, A Post-Electric Play". The Washington Post. "Margo Jones Award Recipients". Jerome Lawrence and Robert E. Lee Theatre ... Burns, a post-electric play (2011-12) Craig Wright: Recent Tragic Events (2002-03); Grace (2003-04) Doug Wright: Watbanaland ( ...
The cause was attributed to electrical wiring, and occurred shortly after the final day of the ski season. A new 4,500-square- ... Finn, Natalie (March 30, 2009). "Bruce Willis' ski lodge burns down". E! Online. Retrieved November 24, 2013. "Willis aims to ... Kauffman, Jason (April 1, 2009). "Soldier lodge victim of electric fire". (Ketchum) Idaho Mountain Express. Retrieved November ...
... electric piano; Tommy Cogbill - bass; Roger Hawkins - drums; Melvin Lastie, Joe Newman, Bernie Glow - trumpets; Tony Studd - ... strings conducted by Ralph Burns 1. "(Sweet Sweet Baby) Since You've Been Gone" (Aretha Franklin, Ted White) 2:25 Recorded on ... electric piano; Tommy Cogbill - bass; Roger Hawkins - drums; The Sweet Inspirations, Carolyn Franklin, Erma Franklin & Ellie ...
... electric banjo, mandolin, accordion, keyboards 1984-87); and Burns Stanfield (keyboards 1987-90). Their music was once ...
... electric shocks, cigarette burns. He also describes the "refill of a dry ink pen or matches" being inserted into prisoner's ... 2. Burns with cigarette stubs. 3. Blows by rods on the genitals. 4. Tying up and blindfolding for days. 5. Bites by dogs. 6. ... It describes "more refined techniques" being used: electric shocks and special "small" cells in which a prisoner cannot sit or ... burns by cigarettes; cutting body with razor blades; standing naked for long periods in hot or cold; drenching in hot or cold ...
It is also seen in electrical burns. Grossly the muscles appear pale and friable; microscopically, the muscle fibres are ...
Electric Literature, June 8, 2014 "The End, or Something", The New York Times, April 21, 2014 "A Star Is Born", The New York ... "A Star Is Born". The New York Times. August 21, 2013. "Twenty Nine Feet, Eight and a Quarter Inches". The Rumpus. March 21, ... Born in the Lincroft section of Middletown Township, New Jersey, he attended Johns Hopkins University and Columbia University. ... He has also written essays and reviews for The New York Times,Salon, Electric Literature, The Rumpus, The Millions, Johns ...
Wills' band at the time consisted of two fiddlers, two bass fiddles, two electric guitars, electric steel guitar, and a trumpet ... He was born on a farm in Kosse, Limestone County, Texas[6] to Emma Lee Foley and John Tompkins Wills.[7] His father was a ... He commanded enormous[clarification needed] fees playing dances there, and began to make more creative use of electric guitars ... Session rosters from 1938 show both "lead guitar" and "electric guitar" in addition to guitar and steel guitar in the Texas ...
2013 DRe13 was born. Early in October 2013, DIAN Racing welcomed a new electric car. From the initial conception of the frame, ... In commercial report, we got 3rd place in design report in electric racecar, 11th place in marketing report, 19th place in cost ... DIAN Racing (simplified Chinese: 同济电车队; traditional Chinese: 同濟電車隊) is the Formula Student Electric team from Tongji University ... Every year, the team designs and builds a cutting edge electric race car to compete at international Formula Student events. ...
Commonwealth Edison Worker Dies of Electrical Burn Injuries from Chicago Work Accident :: Chicago Workers Compensation Lawyer ... Electrical burns can also cause internal damage to the human body.. Electrical burns are just one kind of injury caused by ... Electrical Burns. Electrical burns can occur when the bodys tissues or bones come into contact with electricity. These types ... Two other kinds of shock-related burn injuries are the arc burn and the thermal contact burn. An arc burn is an injury that can ...
"What is an Electrical Burn?" Electrical Safety. n.p. n.d. Web. 29 September 2011. . "Electrical Burn Injuries." Department of ... "Electrical Burns: Causes and Treatment." n.d. Web. 29 September 2014. . Docking, P. "Electrical Burn Injuries." Accident and ... and treatment of burns. Typically, an electrical burn patient has a lower affected body surface area than other burn patients, ... and any combination of these categories may be present on an electrical burn victim: Low-voltage burn. A burn produced by ...
This can often result in a burn. Learn more about treating electric shock and electrical burns. ... An electric shock occurs when a person comes into contact with an electrical energy source. ... In children, the typical electrical mouth burn from biting an electric cord appears as a burn on the lip. The area has a red or ... Electric Shock Overview. An electric shock occurs when a person comes into contact with an electrical energy source. Electrical ...
Electrical trauma: Presentation and management outcome in aPlastic surgical unit. An… ... Electric burn injury ---muhammad saaiq * 1. 1How to cite this article: Hameed-Ud-Din, M Ibrahim Khan, MuhammadSaaiq. Electrical ... Thermal and electrical burns in Jammu Province. J K Science 2005;7:61-3. 12) Ahuja BR, Bhattacharaya S. Burns in developing ... In our study electrical trauma constituted 5.70% of the overall burn injuryadmissions. This share of the electrical trauma is ...
Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Electrical Burn in minutes with SmartDraw. SmartDraw includes 1000s of ... Electrical Burn. Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Electrical Burn in minutes with SmartDraw. SmartDraw ... Electrical Burn. Cross-section view of skin after electrical burn.. LifeART Collection Images Copyright © 1989-2001 by ...
Burns, A Post-Electric Play. The Simpsons holds a place in the canon of high art in Anne Washburns endlessly fascinating ... Burns, A Post-Electric Play, now receiving its New York premiere at Playwrights Horizons. It seems like a far-fetched notion ... Burns could be appreciated for the sheer scope of its ambition and the breadth of its imagination. In this production, it also ... Burns (Sam Breslin Wright at his creepiest) becomes something distinctly more terrifying in this world still reeling from the ...
The term electrical burn is used widely to describe the variety of injuries created by supraphysiologic electrical energy ... voltage burns occur in toddlers who bite electrical cords or in slightly older children who place metal objects into electrical ... If an electrical burn is suggested, certain clues to the type of injury (predominantly findings on the skin surface) may become ... Frequently, an electrical injury of significance, especially one in the extremities, seems more like a crush injury than a burn ...
Burns are caused by the electric cords, outlets and appliances in the household which can be prevented. ... Oral electric burns are more common in young children. ... Oral electrical cord burns in children are rare, but the ... "Due to their curiosity, young children are particularly at risk for oral electrical burns caused by household electrical cords ... Burns. Burn injuries have reached epidemic proportions in recent years. Burn accident statistics show that at least 50% of all ...
Immediate first aid for burns. *First, stop the burning to prevent a more severe burn. *Heat burns (thermal burns): Smother any ... There are many types of burns.. *Heat burns (thermal burns) are caused by fire, steam, hot objects, or hot liquids. Scald burns ... Burns and Electric Shock. Topic Overview. Most burns are minor injuries that occur at home or work. It is common to get a minor ... layers of skin and tissue are burned. The deeper the burn and the larger the burned area, the more serious the burn is. ...
No fuses are blown, and when we inspected the outlets, two of them were melted and burned. Also, i seem to have phantom lights ... I used 2 appliances at once (microwave and convection oven). My electric went out after that. I lost 4 of the 5 outlets in my ... Re: electrical outlets burning Fixing it will put you in the same spot as before, but if you want to avoid the same situation, ... electrical outlets burning I have an older house, built in the 60s. I have about 15 outlets on one circuit. Five of the ...
Burns, A Post-Electric Play. March 8, 2017 from 8:00pm What will endure when the cataclysm arrives-when the grid fails, society ... Burns is a fascinating and theatrical exploration of how the pop culture of one era might evolve into the mythology of another ...
The cord can break near the base of the massager and expose the wires, posing an electric shock and burn hazards. ... CPSC is committed to protecting consumers and families from products that pose a fire, electrical, chemical or mechanical ... There have been 15 reports of burn injuries to consumers fingers and other parts of the body. ... Vivitar Recalls Hot/Cold Massage Balls Due to Burn Hazard; Sold Exclusively at Target ...
Care guide for Electrical Burns in Adults (Aftercare Instructions). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard ... Electrical burns are injuries that are caused by an electric current. The electric current can pass through your body and cause ... Prevent electrical burns:. *If you work with electricity, wear clothing that protects you from electric currents. ... An electric current may also jump from an electrical source to you and burn your body. ...
Care guide for Electrical Burn In Children (Inpatient Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment ... Electrical burns are injuries that are caused by an electric current. The electric current can pass through your childs body ... An electric current may also jump from an electrical source to his body and burn his skin. ... Learn more about Electrical Burn In Children (Inpatient Care). Associated drugs. *Burns, External ...
There are many types of burns. Heat burns (thermal burns) are... ... It is common to get a minor burn from hot water, a curling iron ... Most burns are minor injuries that occur at home or work. ... Electrical burns are caused by contact with electrical sources ... Immediate first aid for burns. *First, stop the burning to prevent a more severe burn. *Heat burns (thermal burns): Smother any ... Keep electrical cords away from a childs reach. A child chewing on a cord could cause an electrical burn of the mouth. Cover ...
Will General Electric Earn or Burn? @themotleyfool #stocks $GE, $EMR, $LMT, $HON ... Emerson Electric is a Motley Fool Income Investor recommendation. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. ... The more General Electric (NYSE: GE). keeps of each buck it earns in revenue, the more money it has to invest in growth, fund ... Unfortunately, that table doesnt tell us much about where General Electric has been, or where its going. A company with ...
Burnt Charcoal) featuring Set-In Mahogany Neck, Mahogany Body w/ Flame-Maple Top Rosewood Fingerboard. Review Yamaha RS620 ... Styled in a burnt charcoal finish, the Yamaha Revstar RS620 is a solid-body electric guitar sporting a double-cutaway design ... Yamaha Revstar RS620 Electric Guitar (Burnt Charcoal) B&H # YARS620BCC MFR # RS620 BCC ...
Noncontact Electrical Tester Recalled by Fluke Due to Shock or Burn Hazard. ... Noncontact Electrical Tester Recalled By Fluke Due To Shock Or Burn Hazard ... posing a risk of serious injury or death from electrical shock or thermal burns. ... Hazard: The testers can fail to give an indication of live voltage, resulting in the operator falsely believing the electrical ...
Although the proliferation of collagen-producing cells following burn injury is the bodys natural response to trauma, the ... Short Pulsed Electric Fields for Prevention of Burn Scars. August 11th, 2016 Iris Kulbatski Dermatology, Plastic Surgery ... Using short, pulsed electric fields, the researchers showed that debilitating burn scars, which develop due to the ... Burn scars secondary to collagen cell proliferation cause intense and ongoing physical and psychological suffering to burn ...
Ocular Manifestation of Electrical Burn. An interesting report in the New England Journal of Medicine describes electrical ... The electrical burn resulted from the gentlemans shoulder coming into contact with 14,000 volts. Lens replacement helped ... burns to the eyes of a 42-year old electrician which caused star-shaped cataracts to form in the lenses. ...
Now it hopes to do the same with its "born electric" i range at a time when, it believes, the global premium sector price war ... Apart from this, when it comes to a purchase decision for an electric vehicle, government incentives also play a big role. In ... Electric car sales in Europe jump, but still just 4% of market ... Fiat tests automatic switch to electric mode for its hybrid ... Norway, for example, the government offers a very comprehensive program to promote electric mobility, including removal of all ...
Born in India, Jain received a bachelors degree in electrical engineering in 1967 at the Indian Institute of Technology in ... was an Indian-American electrical engineer and Professor of the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at ... After graduation Jain continued as postdoctoral fellow and later assistant professor in the department of Electrical ...
Learn about Electrical and Thermal Burns symptoms and causes from experts at Boston Childrens, ranked best Childrens Hospital ... What to do if your child has suffered a electrical burn. * Unplug the appliance or device that has caused the injury or turn ... Heat or thermal burns. A heat-induced or thermal burn can occur when your childs skin comes in contact with any heat source, ... Be aware that a child may experience "shock" after an electrical burn. If your child is showing signs of shock, call 911 ...
What is electric burn? Meaning of electric burn as a legal term. What does electric burn mean in law? ... Definition of electric burn in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... Related to electric burn: Chemical burn. burn. verb blaze, blister, brand, burn to a cinder, burst into flame, catch fire, ... Electric burn legal definition of electric burn https://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/electric+burn ...
Electrical Dental Handpiece Warning Issued Following Reports of Severe Burns. Posted on December 13, 2007 by Laurie Villanueva ... The burns have only been reported in relation to the use of electric dental handpieces, and not with the air-driven variety. ... Electric dental handpieces used by dentist and oral surgeons have been leaving many people with severe burns. The culprit in ... The FDA recommended that dentists and other practitioners who use the electric dental handpieces be aware of the burn risk ...
  • LCG, December 6, 2017--Clean Power Northeast Development, a subsidiary of Emera Inc., has applied to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) for a Presidential Permit, requesting authorization to build the Atlantic Link subsea electric transmission project, a 1,000-MW, high-voltage direct current (HVDC) transmission interconnection extending approximately 375 miles to deliver wind and hydro power from Atlantic Canada directly to Massachusetts. (energyonline.com)
  • LCG, November 30, 2017--WEC Energy Group announced Tuesday that it will shut down the coal-fired, Pleasant Prairie electric generating facility in the second quarter of 2018. (energyonline.com)
  • In children, the typical electrical mouth burn from biting an electric cord appears as a burn on the lip. (webmd.com)
  • Although we often worry about injury from toppled appliances, parents also should be aware of the potential for electrical burns to the mouth caused by a child mouthing the end or biting through an electrical cord," said David Chang, M.D., an associate professor of otolaryngology at the MU School of Medicine and co-author of the study. (medindia.net)
  • Consumers should immediately stop using the remote control kits, unplug the power cord from the remote control kit's wall unit, remove the wall unit from the electrical outlet and contact Dimplex for a free replacement kit. (cpsc.gov)
  • Consumers can continue to operate the fireplace or stove by plugging the fireplace or stove's electrical cord directly into an electrical outlet. (cpsc.gov)
  • Such liability may arise in a home setting when an adult has hired someone to repair an electrical cord, outlet, or appliance, and the negligent repair results in an electric-burn injury to a child who comes into contact with the electrical source. (childinjuryfirm.com)
  • Because surface area as well as depth is important in evaluating a burned patient's status, a method called the rule of nines has been developed to determine surface area involvement. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • An improvement on the rule of nines, the berkow formula , takes into account the age of the burn victim. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Electrical arcs can reach temperatures as high as 9,000 °F. An electrical arc can contact a victim leading to arc burns, or the simple proximity to the heat of an electrical arc can produce thermal burns. (walkermorgan.com)
  • MULBERRY, Fla. (AP) - A Florida pastor was arrested Wednesday as he drove a pickup truck towing a large barbecue-style grill filled with kerosene-soaked Qurans to a park, where the pastor had said he was planning to burn 2,998 of the Muslim holy books- one for every victim of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. (yahoo.com)
  • If the victim has burns, don't break blisters or remove dead skin as this may lead to more damage and increase the risk of infection. (burn-injury-resource-center.com)
  • Second degree burns are deeper and in addition to the pain , redness and inflammation, there is also blistering of the skin. (rxlist.com)
  • Similarly, second degree burns may evolve into third degree burns. (rxlist.com)
  • The passage of electrical current also produces a variety of arrhythmias including cardiac asystole which will require immediate injection of adrenaline and ironically cardioversion by an electrical current with the help of a defibrillator. (wordpress.com)
  • Aetna considers transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulators (TENS) medically necessary durable medical equipment (DME) when used as an adjunct or as an alternative to the use of drugs either in the treatment of acute post-operative pain in the first 30 days after surgery, or for certain types of chronic, intractable pain not adequately responsive to other methods of treatment including, as appropriate, physical therapy and pharmacotherapy. (aetna.com)
  • As is the case with practically any appliance with a motor, fans-due to a combination of their electric current and their moving parts-heat up while they're in use and indirectly warm the area around them as a result. (yahoo.com)
  • The plug-in wall unit can overheat, posing a fire and burn hazard to consumers. (cpsc.gov)
  • Electrical current exposes workers to a serious, widespread workplace hazard. (cdc.gov)
  • Electric current flowing through the metal reinforcement may also create an electrocution hazard. (cdc.gov)
  • From overly hot faucets to tipped-over coffee cups, burns are a potential hazard in every home. (kidshealth.org)
  • This typically occurs when the frequency of the AC current is significantly higher than the 50 or 60 Hz used in land-based electrical distribution systems (such as in aircraft). (wikipedia.org)
  • Hands are the most common entry point for an electrical current because individuals are typically working closely with an electrical device when an accident occurs. (fortheinjured.com)
  • Second-degree burn - Damage occurs to the entire epidermis and part or all of the dermis. (cirelaw.com)
  • For a first-degree burn that occurs in larger areas of your skin, you may experience an increased level of pain and swelling. (healthline.com)
  • Due to mighty storms, electrical wires are often compromised by seawater, freshwater or sediment, but operate without any noticeable effects for a substantial period of time. (lexology.com)
  • Sending out an adjuster is not enough, as compromised electrical wires may seem fine to the naked eye. (lexology.com)
  • Once a determination is made that electrical wiring has been compromised, insurers would be well advised to insist that the insured replace all potentially compromised wires. (lexology.com)
  • Don't run electrical wires under rugs or carpet. (kidshealth.org)
  • When the body becomes a part of an electrical circuit, the current frequently becomes more concentrated at the entry and exit points (with some exceptions). (mikeholt.com)
  • In addition to its aftereffects, the manner in which electrical current flows greatly determines how much injury is sustained. (mikeholt.com)
  • An electric current may also jump from an electrical source to you and burn your body. (drugs.com)
  • Here's the current margin snapshot for General Electric and some of its sector and industry peers and direct competitors. (fool.com)
  • The results are exciting given that current methods for alleviating the lifelong suffering associated with hypertrophic burn scars, such as silicone sheets, surgical excision, compression dressings, electron-beam irradiation, and laser therapy, provide only moderate improvements. (medgadget.com)
  • If your child is in contact with the electrical current do not touch him or her until you turn off the source or the circuit breaker. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Extent of the damage depends on the strength and duration of the electrical current. (memorialhospitaljax.com)
  • if someone has been hurt by contact with an electrical current, consult a medical professional right away. (steinberglawfirm.com)
  • If possible, turn off the electrical current at its source. (steinberglawfirm.com)
  • An electrical burn injury is caused when an arc of electrical current travels through the air or via a conductive device and enters a person's body. (fortheinjured.com)
  • When a person comes in contact with an electrical current, the transmission of energy travels from the power source directly to the person, causing an electrical burn. (fortheinjured.com)
  • Electric current exists in two forms: alternating current and direct current. (begellhouse.com)
  • Electrical stimulation and interferential current are commonly used modalities in the physical rehabilitation of patients who have undergone joint arthroplasty surgery. (elsevier.com)
  • We report on a patient who underwent a unicompartmental knee arthroplasty with a subsequent full-thickness skin burn over the metal implant after electrical stimulation and interferential current modalities in physical therapy. (elsevier.com)
  • Amperes (amps) is the unit of measurement used to describe the strength of an electrical current. (walkermorgan.com)
  • The let-go current is the maximum current strength at which someone can grab and then let go of the source of an electrical current before it impossible for the person to release. (walkermorgan.com)
  • Muscle tetany is an involuntary contraction of a muscle which can be caused by the flow of an electrical current through the muscle. (walkermorgan.com)
  • This monograph summarizes surveillance data and investigative reports of fatal incidents involving workers who came into contact with electrical current. (cdc.gov)
  • As you can see from the pictures above the current bike design, because of the fuel system, looks a little clunky and is likely heavier than your average electric bike. (tgdaily.com)
  • If it is possible shut of the electrical current from its source. (burn-injury-resource-center.com)
  • Electrical current may cause the heart to beat irregularly or it may cause it to stop beating. (burn-injury-resource-center.com)
  • On the other hand, when an electrical current, while earthing (for example from a high tension wire or as in lightning,) has a person becoming a part of the earthing process, an electrical injury is caused. (wordpress.com)
  • In cases where the back is not in contact with another object and the current is not earthed, it diffuses in the area producing a zone of burns till the current expends its energy. (wordpress.com)
  • An electrical injury is damage to the skin or internal organs when a person comes into direct contact with an electrical current. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Direct contact with electrical current can be deadly. (medlineplus.gov)
  • 1. If you can do so safely, turn off the electrical current. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Subsequently the data ofonly electrical trauma patients were further analysed. (slideshare.net)
  • Some patients even suffered third degree burns which required plastic surgery. (newsinferno.com)
  • Patients with electrical injury pose unique diagnostic and therapeutic challenges that emergency clinicians must not miss. (ebmedicine.net)
  • Patients with burns involving less than 20% of their body should do well, but those with burns involving greater than 50% have a significant mortality risk, depending upon a variety of factors, including underlying medical conditions and age. (rxlist.com)
  • The deeper the burn and the larger the burned area, the more serious the burn is. (cardiosmart.org)
  • Deep partial-thickness burns injure deeper skin layers. (cardiosmart.org)
  • Third degree burns are deeper still, involving all layers of the skin, in effect killing that area of skin. (rxlist.com)
  • Over a few hours a first degree burn may involve deeper structures and become second degree. (rxlist.com)
  • A third-degree burn is the most serious type, involving damage to the deeper layers of the skin with necrosis through the entire skin. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • There are a number of fuel types to choose from, including wood burning stoves, multi-fuel stoves, gas stoves, electric stoves, log stoves, pellet stoves and DEFRA smoke controlled stoves. (stovesareus.co.uk)
  • Screen fireplaces and wood-burning stoves and always keep kids 3 feet away from them. (kidshealth.org)
  • As the body comes into contact with an electrical source, it becomes part of the electrical circuit. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although thermal burns remain some of the most common results of such an interaction, this term does not adequately describe the range of effects that they have in the human body. (mikeholt.com)
  • Styled in a burnt charcoal finish, the Yamaha Revstar RS620 is a solid-body electric guitar sporting a double-cutaway design with a small pickguard, a mahogany body with a flame-maple top. (bhphotovideo.com)
  • This issue reviews the types of trauma seen with electrical injury and how body systems can be affected by occult or delayed effects, and the optimal evidence-based resuscitation and management strategies associated with each. (ebmedicine.net)
  • According to a study released by the United States Department of Labor, individuals are most likely to receive an electrical burn injury to one or both of their hands, as opposed to any other part of the body. (fortheinjured.com)
  • The adorable kitten was born with one body, two noses, three eyes, and two mouths. (yahoo.com)
  • A burn is also a break in the skin, and the risk of infection exists both at the site of the injury and potentially throughout the body. (rxlist.com)
  • What is the significance of the amount of body area burned? (rxlist.com)
  • Burns are measured as a percentage of total body area affected. (rxlist.com)
  • As an example, if both legs (18% x 2 = 36%), the groin (1%) and the front chest and abdomen were burned, this would involve 55% of the body. (rxlist.com)
  • Only second and third degree burn areas are added together to measure total body burn area. (rxlist.com)
  • If more than15%-20% of the body is involved in a burn, significant fluid may be lost. (rxlist.com)
  • Burns to areas of the body with flexion creases, like the palm of the hand, the back of the knee, the face, and the groin may need specialized care. (rxlist.com)
  • These burns may heal slower than burns on other areas of the body and require a visit to the doctor. (healthline.com)
  • This kind of burn is in fact a thermal burn accompanied by trauma and the treatment is no different from what has been related in the first three preceding sections in these short notes. (wordpress.com)
  • Chemical burns are caused by contact with household or industrial chemicals in a liquid, solid, or gas form. (cardiosmart.org)
  • Chemical burns are caused by contact with household or industrial chemicals in a liquid, solid, or gas form, such as acids . (wellspan.org)
  • If you have suffered an electrical burn injury or lost a loved one in an electrocution accident, contact the Pasco County Electrocution Attorneys at Whittel & Melton today online or call 727-847-2299. (pascoinjuryattorney.com)