In about 250 species of electric fishes, modified muscle fibers forming disklike multinucleate plates arranged in stacks like batteries in series and embedded in a gelatinous matrix. A large torpedo ray may have half a million plates. Muscles in different parts of the body may be modified, i.e., the trunk and tail in the electric eel, the hyobranchial apparatus in the electric ray, and extrinsic eye muscles in the stargazers. Powerful electric organs emit pulses in brief bursts several times a second. They serve to stun prey and ward off predators. A large torpedo ray can produce of shock of more than 200 volts, capable of stunning a human. (Storer et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p672)
Fields representing the joint interplay of electric and magnetic forces.
An order of neotropical electric fish found chiefly in the waters of South America. They continually emit weak electric discharges, which they use in object location and communication. A most popular species of research interest is the electric eel, ELECTROPHORUS electricus.
Use of electric potential or currents to elicit biological responses.
Injuries caused by electric currents. The concept excludes electric burns (BURNS, ELECTRIC), but includes accidental electrocution and electric shock.
An arrangement of wires distributing electricity.
The ability of a substrate to allow the passage of ELECTRONS.
A genus of the Torpedinidae family consisting of several species. Members of this family have powerful electric organs and are commonly called electric rays.
Devices that control the supply of electric current for running electrical equipment.
A technique in which electric pulses of intensity in kilovolts per centimeter and of microsecond-to-millisecond duration cause a temporary loss of the semipermeability of CELL MEMBRANES, thus leading to ion leakage, escape of metabolites, and increased uptake by cells of drugs, molecular probes, and DNA.
The resistance to the flow of either alternating or direct electrical current.
Burns produced by contact with electric current or from a sudden discharge of electricity.
A treatment modality that uses pulsed electrical currents to permeabilize cell membranes (ELECTROPORATION) and thereby enhance the uptake of chemotherapeutic agents, vaccines, or genes into the body's cells.
A genus of fish, in the family GYMNOTIFORMES, capable of producing an electric shock that immobilizes fish and other prey. The species Electrophorus electricus is also known as the electric eel, though it is not a true eel.
Application of electric current in treatment without the generation of perceptible heat. It includes electric stimulation of nerves or muscles, passage of current into the body, or use of interrupted current of low intensity to raise the threshold of the skin to pain.
The study of chemical changes resulting from electrical action and electrical activity resulting from chemical changes.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
The property of nonisotropic media, such as crystals, whereby a single incident beam of light traverses the medium as two beams, each plane-polarized, the planes being at right angles to each other. (Cline et al., Dictionary of Visual Science, 4th ed)
Units that convert some other form of energy into electrical energy.
Characteristics of ELECTRICITY and magnetism such as charged particles and the properties and behavior of charged particles, and other phenomena related to or associated with electromagnetism.
The common name for all members of the Rajidae family. Skates and rays are members of the same order (Rajiformes). Skates have weak electric organs.
Induction of a stress reaction in experimental subjects by means of an electrical shock; applies to either convulsive or non-convulsive states.
The voltage differences across a membrane. For cellular membranes they are computed by subtracting the voltage measured outside the membrane from the voltage measured inside the membrane. They result from differences of inside versus outside concentration of potassium, sodium, chloride, and other ions across cells' or ORGANELLES membranes. For excitable cells, the resting membrane potentials range between -30 and -100 millivolts. Physical, chemical, or electrical stimuli can make a membrane potential more negative (hyperpolarization), or less negative (depolarization).
The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.
Cell surface proteins that bind acetylcholine with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells. Cholinergic receptors are divided into two major classes, muscarinic and nicotinic, based originally on their affinity for nicotine and muscarine. Each group is further subdivided based on pharmacology, location, mode of action, and/or molecular biology.
Electronic hearing devices typically used for patients with normal outer and middle ear function, but defective inner ear function. In the COCHLEA, the hair cells (HAIR CELLS, VESTIBULAR) may be absent or damaged but there are residual nerve fibers. The device electrically stimulates the COCHLEAR NERVE to create sound sensation.
An electrochemical process in which macromolecules or colloidal particles with a net electric charge migrate in a solution under the influence of an electric current.
A group of cold-blooded, aquatic vertebrates having gills, fins, a cartilaginous or bony endoskeleton, and elongated bodies covered with scales.
The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.
The study of the generation and behavior of electrical charges in living organisms particularly the nervous system and the effects of electricity on living organisms.
The motion of a liquid through a membrane (or plug or capillary) consequent upon the application of an electric field across the membrane. (Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2001)
The accumulation of an electric charge on a object
An electrical current applied to the HEART to terminate a disturbance of its rhythm, ARRHYTHMIAS, CARDIAC. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Common name for an order (Anguilliformes) of voracious, elongate, snakelike teleost fishes.
An atom or group of atoms that have a positive or negative electric charge due to a gain (negative charge) or loss (positive charge) of one or more electrons. Atoms with a positive charge are known as CATIONS; those with a negative charge are ANIONS.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The ability of a substrate to retain an electrical charge.
Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
A quality of cell membranes which permits the passage of solvents and solutes into and out of cells.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of ACETYLCHOLINE to CHOLINE and acetate. In the CNS, this enzyme plays a role in the function of peripheral neuromuscular junctions. EC
Methods of creating machines and devices.
A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.
Electrodes with an extremely small tip, used in a voltage clamp or other apparatus to stimulate or record bioelectric potentials of single cells intracellularly or extracellularly. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Investigations conducted on the physical health of teeth involving use of a tool that transmits hot or cold electric currents on a tooth's surface that can determine problems with that tooth based on reactions to the currents.
Various material objects and items in the home. It includes temporary or permanent machinery and appliances. It does not include furniture or interior furnishings (FURNITURE see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS; INTERIOR FURNISHINGS see INTERIOR DESIGN AND FURNISHINGS).
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The study, control, and application of the conduction of ELECTRICITY through gases or vacuum, or through semiconducting or conducting materials. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The process in which specialized SENSORY RECEPTOR CELLS transduce peripheral stimuli (physical or chemical) into NERVE IMPULSES which are then transmitted to the various sensory centers in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
Specialized afferent neurons capable of transducing sensory stimuli into NERVE IMPULSES to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Sometimes sensory receptors for external stimuli are called exteroceptors; for internal stimuli are called interoceptors and proprioceptors.
The application of heat to raise the temperature of the environment, ambient or local, or the systems for accomplishing this effect. It is distinguished from HEAT, the physical property and principle of physics.
Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.
Electromagnetic waves with frequencies between about 3 kilohertz (very low frequency - VLF) and 300,000 megahertz (extremely high frequency - EHF). They are used in television and radio broadcasting, land and satellite communications systems, radionavigation, radiolocation, and DIATHERMY. The highest frequency radio waves are MICROWAVES.
The cochlear part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The cochlear nerve fibers originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project peripherally to cochlear hair cells and centrally to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS) of the BRAIN STEM. They mediate the sense of hearing.
The utilization of an electrical current to measure, analyze, or alter chemicals or chemical reactions in solution, cells, or tissues.
An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)
Artificially produced membranes, such as semipermeable membranes used in artificial kidney dialysis (RENAL DIALYSIS), monomolecular and bimolecular membranes used as models to simulate biological CELL MEMBRANES. These membranes are also used in the process of GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION.
Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.
The electrical properties, characteristics of living organisms, and the processes of organisms or their parts that are involved in generating and responding to electrical charges.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Small holes of nanometer dimensions in a membrane, that can be used as single molecule detectors. The pores can be biological or synthetic.
Electric power supply devices which convert biological energy, such as chemical energy of metabolism or mechanical energy of periodic movements, into electrical energy.
A genus in the family Blattidae containing several species, the most common being P. americana, the American cockroach.
The functions and activities of living organisms or their parts involved in generating and responding to electrical charges .
Branch-like terminations of NERVE FIBERS, sensory or motor NEURONS. Endings of sensory neurons are the beginnings of afferent pathway to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Endings of motor neurons are the terminals of axons at the muscle cells. Nerve endings which release neurotransmitters are called PRESYNAPTIC TERMINALS.
Cell membranes associated with synapses. Both presynaptic and postsynaptic membranes are included along with their integral or tightly associated specializations for the release or reception of transmitters.
A subclass of cartilaginous fish comprising the SHARKS; rays; skates (SKATES (FISH);), and sawfish. Elasmobranchs are typically predaceous, relying more on smell (the olfactory capsules are relatively large) than sight (the eyes are relatively small) for obtaining their food.
Characteristics or attributes of the outer boundaries of objects, including molecules.
Layers of lipid molecules which are two molecules thick. Bilayer systems are frequently studied as models of biological membranes.
The development and use of techniques to study physical phenomena and construct structures in the nanoscale size range or smaller.
Surgically placed electric conductors through which ELECTRIC STIMULATION is delivered to or electrical activity is recorded from a specific point inside the body.
The observation, either continuously or at intervals, of the levels of radiation in a given area, generally for the purpose of assuring that they have not exceeded prescribed amounts or, in case of radiation already present in the area, assuring that the levels have returned to those meeting acceptable safety standards.
The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.
Rhodopsins found in the PURPLE MEMBRANE of halophilic archaea such as HALOBACTERIUM HALOBIUM. Bacteriorhodopsins function as an energy transducers, converting light energy into electrochemical energy via PROTON PUMPS.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Substances that dissociate into two or more ions, to some extent, in water. Solutions of electrolytes thus conduct an electric current and can be decomposed by it (ELECTROLYSIS). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.
A dimension of auditory sensation varying with cycles per second of the sound stimulus.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
The ability or act of sensing and transducing ACOUSTIC STIMULATION to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. It is also called audition.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Areas of attractive or repulsive force surrounding MAGNETS.
Procedures for correcting HEARING DISORDERS.
The measurement of frequency or oscillation changes.
Solution titration in which the end point is read from the electrode-potential variations with the concentrations of potential determining ions. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
The audibility limit of discriminating sound intensity and pitch.
Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.
Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.
Methods utilizing the principles of MICROFLUIDICS for sample handling, reagent mixing, and separation and detection of specific components in fluids.
Measurement of the ability to hear speech under various conditions of intensity and noise interference using sound-field as well as earphones and bone oscillators.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Specialized organs adapted for the reception of stimuli by the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
A change in electrical resistance of the skin, occurring in emotion and in certain other conditions.
A denture replacing one or more (but not all) natural teeth. It is supported and retained by underlying tissue and some or all of the remaining teeth.
A neurotransmitter found at neuromuscular junctions, autonomic ganglia, parasympathetic effector junctions, a subset of sympathetic effector junctions, and at many sites in the central nervous system.
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
Procedures using an electrically heated wire or scalpel to treat hemorrhage (e.g., bleeding ulcers) and to ablate tumors, mucosal lesions, and refractory arrhythmias. It is different from ELECTROSURGERY which is used more for cutting tissue than destroying and in which the patient is part of the electric circuit.
A highly miniaturized version of ELECTROPHORESIS performed in a microfluidic device.
Gated, ion-selective glycoproteins that traverse membranes. The stimulus for ION CHANNEL GATING can be due to a variety of stimuli such as LIGANDS, a TRANSMEMBRANE POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE, mechanical deformation or through INTRACELLULAR SIGNALING PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS.
Division of tissues by a high-frequency current applied locally with a metal instrument or needle. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Neurotoxic proteins from the venom of the banded or Formosan krait (Bungarus multicinctus, an elapid snake). alpha-Bungarotoxin blocks nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and has been used to isolate and study them; beta- and gamma-bungarotoxins act presynaptically causing acetylcholine release and depletion. Both alpha and beta forms have been characterized, the alpha being similar to the large, long or Type II neurotoxins from other elapid venoms.
The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).
The relationship between the dose of administered radiation and the response of the organism or tissue to the radiation.
Chemical reaction that occurs when saliva comes into contact with the metals in dental fillings. This reaction can send electric currents through the brain causing negative symptoms.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
The perceived attribute of a sound which corresponds to the physical attribute of intensity.
The amount of radiation energy that is deposited in a unit mass of material, such as tissues of plants or animal. In RADIOTHERAPY, radiation dosage is expressed in gray units (Gy). In RADIOLOGIC HEALTH, the dosage is expressed by the product of absorbed dose (Gy) and quality factor (a function of linear energy transfer), and is called radiation dose equivalent in sievert units (Sv).
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
The study of fluid channels and chambers of tiny dimensions of tens to hundreds of micrometers and volumes of nanoliters or picoliters. This is of interest in biological MICROCIRCULATION and used in MICROCHEMISTRY and INVESTIGATIVE TECHNIQUES.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Waves of oscillating electric and MAGNETIC FIELDS which move at right angles to each other and outward from the source.
Membranous appendage of fish and other aquatic organisms used for locomotion or balance.
Electrically induced CONVULSIONS primarily used in the treatment of severe AFFECTIVE DISORDERS and SCHIZOPHRENIA.
Inorganic compounds that contain tin as an integral part of the molecule.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A treatment that suppresses undesirable behavior by simultaneously exposing the subject to unpleasant consequences.
The branch of physics which deals with the motions of material bodies, including kinematics, dynamics, and statics. When the laws of mechanics are applied to living structures, as to the locomotor system, it is referred to as BIOMECHANICAL PHENOMENA. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.
The study of CHEMICAL PHENOMENA and processes in terms of the underlying PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and processes.
One of the two major classes of cholinergic receptors. Nicotinic receptors were originally distinguished by their preference for NICOTINE over MUSCARINE. They are generally divided into muscle-type and neuronal-type (previously ganglionic) based on pharmacology, and subunit composition of the receptors.
Proteins obtained from species of fish (FISHES).
Property of membranes and other structures to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, and mineral ions.
Functionally and structurally differentiated, purple-pigmented regions of the cytoplasmic membrane of some strains of Halobacterium halobium. The membrane develops under anaerobic conditions and is made almost entirely of the purple pigment BACTERIORHODOPSINS. (From Singleton & Sainsbury Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Organelles of phototrophic bacteria which contain photosynthetic pigments and which are formed from an invagination of the cytoplasmic membrane.
Membrane-bound compartments which contain transmitter molecules. Synaptic vesicles are concentrated at presynaptic terminals. They actively sequester transmitter molecules from the cytoplasm. In at least some synapses, transmitter release occurs by fusion of these vesicles with the presynaptic membrane, followed by exocytosis of their contents.
Materials which have structured components with at least one dimension in the range of 1 to 100 nanometers. These include NANOCOMPOSITES; NANOPARTICLES; NANOTUBES; and NANOWIRES.
Removal of tissue by vaporization, abrasion, or destruction. Methods used include heating tissue by hot liquids or microwave thermal heating, freezing (CRYOABLATION), chemical ablation, and photoablation with LASERS.
The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Voltage-gated potassium channels whose primary subunits contain six transmembrane segments and form tetramers to create a pore with a voltage sensor. They are related to their founding member, shaker protein, Drosophila.
Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.
Electrophoresis in which agar or agarose gel is used as the diffusion medium.
A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.
The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
A group of peptide antibiotics from BACILLUS brevis. Gramicidin C or S is a cyclic, ten-amino acid polypeptide and gramicidins A, B, D are linear. Gramicidin is one of the two principal components of TYROTHRICIN.
An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
A genus of HALOBACTERIACEAE whose growth requires a high concentration of salt. Binary fission is by constriction.
The tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially FACILITATED DIFFUSION, is a major mechanism of BIOLOGICAL TRANSPORT.
Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.
Nerve structures through which impulses are conducted from a peripheral part toward a nerve center.
The opening and closing of ion channels due to a stimulus. The stimulus can be a change in membrane potential (voltage-gated), drugs or chemical transmitters (ligand-gated), or a mechanical deformation. Gating is thought to involve conformational changes of the ion channel which alters selective permeability.
Artificial, single or multilaminar vesicles (made from lecithins or other lipids) that are used for the delivery of a variety of biological molecules or molecular complexes to cells, for example, drug delivery and gene transfer. They are also used to study membranes and membrane proteins.
Materials that have a limited and usually variable electrical conductivity. They are particularly useful for the production of solid-state electronic devices.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
A tri-benzene-ammonium usually compounded with zinc chloride. It is used as a biological stain and for the dyeing and printing of textiles.
The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.
The science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the individual's response to the physical properties of sound.
The commonest and widest ranging species of the clawed "frog" (Xenopus) in Africa. This species is used extensively in research. There is now a significant population in California derived from escaped laboratory animals.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Destruction by passage of a galvanic electric current, as in disintegration of a chemical compound in solution.
Computer-assisted study of methods for obtaining useful quantitative solutions to problems that have been expressed mathematically.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
Thin layers of tissue which cover parts of the body, separate adjacent cavities, or connect adjacent structures.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
Ion channels that specifically allow the passage of SODIUM ions. A variety of specific sodium channel subtypes are involved in serving specialized functions such as neuronal signaling, CARDIAC MUSCLE contraction, and KIDNEY function.
Microscopy in which television cameras are used to brighten magnified images that are otherwise too dark to be seen with the naked eye. It is used frequently in TELEPATHOLOGY.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the heart on a plane of the body surface delineated as a vector function of time.
The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Oxyphenbutazone eyedrops have been used abroad in the management of postoperative ocular inflammation, superficial eye injuries, and episcleritis. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p2000) It had been used by mouth in rheumatic disorders such as ankylosing spondylitis, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis but such use is no longer considered justified owing to the risk of severe hematological adverse effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p27)
The physical phenomena describing the structure and properties of atoms and molecules, and their reaction and interaction processes.
An allotropic form of carbon that is used in pencils, as a lubricant, and in matches and explosives. It is obtained by mining and its dust can cause lung irritation.
A yellow metallic element with the atomic symbol Au, atomic number 79, and atomic weight 197. It is used in jewelry, goldplating of other metals, as currency, and in dental restoration. Many of its clinical applications, such as ANTIRHEUMATIC AGENTS, are in the form of its salts.
A cyclic nonadecapeptide antibiotic that can act as an ionophore and is produced by strains of Trichoderma viride. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.
Venoms produced by frogs, toads, salamanders, etc. The venom glands are usually on the skin of the back and contain cardiotoxic glycosides, cholinolytics, and a number of other bioactive materials, many of which have been characterized. The venoms have been used as arrow poisons and include bufogenin, bufotoxin, bufagin, bufotalin, histrionicotoxins, and pumiliotoxin.
A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Structures in fishes homologous to the cortical tissue of the mammalian adrenal gland; they are in close proximity to or imbedded in the kidney.
The transmission and reception of electric impulses or signals by means of electric waves without a connecting wire, or the use of these waves for the wireless transmission of electric impulses into which sound is converted. (From Webster's 3d)
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
The measurement of the amplitude of the components of a complex waveform throughout the frequency range of the waveform. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
Condition of having pores or open spaces. This often refers to bones, bone implants, or bone cements, but can refer to the porous state of any solid substance.
Drugs that inhibit cholinesterases. The neurotransmitter ACETYLCHOLINE is rapidly hydrolyzed, and thereby inactivated, by cholinesterases. When cholinesterases are inhibited, the action of endogenously released acetylcholine at cholinergic synapses is potentiated. Cholinesterase inhibitors are widely used clinically for their potentiation of cholinergic inputs to the gastrointestinal tract and urinary bladder, the eye, and skeletal muscles; they are also used for their effects on the heart and the central nervous system.
Persons with any degree of loss of hearing that has an impact on their activities of daily living or that requires special assistance or intervention.
The graphic registration of the frequency and intensity of sounds, such as speech, infant crying, and animal vocalizations.
Articles of cloth, usually cotton or rayon and other synthetic or cotton-blend fabrics, used in households, hospitals, physicians' examining rooms, nursing homes, etc., for sheets, pillow cases, toweling, gowns, drapes, and the like.
An impulse-conducting system composed of modified cardiac muscle, having the power of spontaneous rhythmicity and conduction more highly developed than the rest of the heart.
The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.
A tricyclic antidepressant with some tranquilizing action.
The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Protein-lipid combinations abundant in brain tissue, but also present in a wide variety of animal and plant tissues. In contrast to lipoproteins, they are insoluble in water, but soluble in a chloroform-methanol mixture. The protein moiety has a high content of hydrophobic amino acids. The associated lipids consist of a mixture of GLYCEROPHOSPHATES; CEREBROSIDES; and SULFOGLYCOSPHINGOLIPIDS; while lipoproteins contain PHOSPHOLIPIDS; CHOLESTEROL; and TRIGLYCERIDES.
The practical application of physical, mechanical, and mathematical principles. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Female germ cells derived from OOGONIA and termed OOCYTES when they enter MEIOSIS. The primary oocytes begin meiosis but are arrested at the diplotene state until OVULATION at PUBERTY to give rise to haploid secondary oocytes or ova (OVUM).
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.

Estimation of current density distribution under electrodes for external defibrillation. (1/43)

BACKGROUND: Transthoracic defibrillation is the most common life-saving technique for the restoration of the heart rhythm of cardiac arrest victims. The procedure requires adequate application of large electrodes on the patient chest, to ensure low-resistance electrical contact. The current density distribution under the electrodes is non-uniform, leading to muscle contraction and pain, or risks of burning. The recent introduction of automatic external defibrillators and even wearable defibrillators, presents new demanding requirements for the structure of electrodes. METHOD AND RESULTS: Using the pseudo-elliptic differential equation of Laplace type with appropriate boundary conditions and applying finite element method modeling, electrodes of various shapes and structure were studied. The non-uniformity of the current density distribution was shown to be moderately improved by adding a low resistivity layer between the metal and tissue and by a ring around the electrode perimeter. The inclusion of openings in long-term wearable electrodes additionally disturbs the current density profile. However, a number of small-size perforations may result in acceptable current density distribution. CONCLUSION: The current density distribution non-uniformity of circular electrodes is about 30% less than that of square-shaped electrodes. The use of an interface layer of intermediate resistivity, comparable to that of the underlying tissues, and a high-resistivity perimeter ring, can further improve the distribution. The inclusion of skin aeration openings disturbs the current paths, but an appropriate selection of number and size provides a reasonable compromise.  (+info)


As determined by serial histologic study, the leukocyte component of the acute inflammatory response to thermal injury in the medulla of the kidney of rabbits was markedly delayed and diminished in intensity when compared with the response of the cortex. Similar differences in granulocyte mobilization between cortex and medulla were seen following the inoculation of bacteria. Hydronephrosis produced by ureteral ligation had no discernible effect upon the inflammatory response in either cortex or medulla following thermal burns. The susceptibility of the cortex to E. coli infection was markedly enhanced during leukopenia induced by nitrogen-mustard. These results suggest that deficiencies in granulocyte mobilization play an important role in the increased susceptibility of the renal medulla to bacterial infection.  (+info)


Electricity is a potentially very dangerous commodity. Community safeguards, however, result in remarkably efficient control of this hazard. Mortality figures appear to be small and constant. No satisfactory morbidity figures are available with regard to general and neurological complications in non-fatal cases. Study of relevant features of such electrical phenomena as voltage level, resistance factors, current pathway, current diffusion and grounding reveals many difficulties in reconstruction of the sequence of events involved in these injuries. These features underline our frequent inability to understand the mechanisms of initiation of unconsciousness and even of differentiation between death by cardiac arrest and death by respiratory paralysis. Fourteen cases of electrical injury with a variety of neurological complications and sequelae are discussed, and the findings in these cases are compared with those of other observers. An attempt is made to present a comprehensive picture of immediate, secondary and late neurological effects, and to illustrate some of the pathological findings in electrocution material.  (+info)


The amount of tissue loss in electrical burns of the commissure usually is greater than is at first anticipated. Therefore, conservative treatment is advisable until healing is complete, at which time the deformity can be accurately evaluated and whatever reconstructive operation is necessary can be performed.  (+info)

Burns and tracheo-oesophageal-cutaneous fistula. (5/43)

We report an unusual case of electric burns suffered by a 15-yr-old boy. The patient's neck had come in contact with a high voltage broken electric wire and by reflex he had pulled it away with his right hand. He presented with a tracheo-cutaneous fistula with a right-sided pneumothorax. Emergency airway management included insertion of a tracheostomy tube through the traumatic opening in the neck and insertion of an intercostal tube drain. When the diagnostic endoscopy revealed an externally communicating tracheo-oesophageal fistula, protecting the lower airways from gastrointestinal contamination became a priority. The patient was anaesthetized through the traumatic tracheostomy and a formal low tracheostomy was done below the level of the fistula. The patient then underwent oesophageal reconstruction with a stomach free flap. Tracheo-oesophageal-cutaneous fistula is a rare presentation of electric burns. The anaesthetic management of the emergency difficult airway in any penetrating neck injury can be extremely difficult requiring a carefully planned multi-disciplinary approach.  (+info)

Unusual explosive growth of a squamous cell carcinoma of the scalp after electrical burn injury and subsequent coverage by sequential free flap vascular connection--a case report. (6/43)

BACKGROUND: Squamous cell carcinomos may arise from chronic ulcerating wounds in scars, most commonly postburn scars. Tumour growth usually takes place over months to years. Localization on the scalp is a relatively rare condition. CASE PRESENTATION: This report presents the case of a 63-year-old man with chronic ulceration of a postburn scar of the scalp due to an electrical burn 58 years ago. Sudden tumour growth started within weeks and on presentation already had extended through the skull into frontal cortex. After radical tumour resection, defect was covered with a free radial forearm flap. Local recurrence occurred 6 weeks later. Subsequent wide excision including discard of the flap and preservation of the radial vessels was followed by transfer of a free latissimus dorsi muscle flap, using the radial vessels of the first flap as recipient vessels. The patient received radiotherapy post-operatively. There were no problems with flap survivals or wound healing. Due to rapidly growing recurrence the patient died 2 months later. CONCLUSION: Explosive SCC tumour growth might occur in post-burn scars after more than 50 years. As a treatment option the use of sequential free flap connections might serve in repeated extensive tumour resections, especially in the scalp region, where suitable donor vessels are often located in distance to the defect.  (+info)

Utilization of skin flap for reconstruction of the genitalia after an electric burn. (7/43)

The objective of this article is to describe a case of an electric burn to the genitalia causing scrotal and testicular lesion, and the subsequent reconstruction using a skin graft. The patient was a 10-year-old boy who was victim of an electric burn that harmed the genitalia. There was extended skin loss, penile, scrotal and partial testicular lesion. The treatment consisted of plastic surgery to reconstruct the genitalia with skin flaps grafted on the left thigh, the scrotum and the base of the penis. The patient recovered well and was discharged after two weeks. We concluded that in severe cases of electric burns to the genitalia, skin graft offer a good therapeutic option.  (+info)

Survival of an eight-year-old child with a very severe high-tension electrical burn injury: a case report. (8/43)

We present the management and survival of an eight-year-old boy with a severe high-tension electrical burn injury of 68% of total body surface area in a surgical intensive care unit, as a result of a well-planned and applied treatment strategy. Subsequent to escharotomy and fasciotomy operations under general anesthesia, the patient was taken into the surgical intensive care unit. In addition, patient underwent nine more operations including right femur disarticulation and split-thickness skin graftings with homografts from his brother and autografts. The patient was connected to mechanical ventilator for 59 days. By the time the patient was transferred to plastic and reconstructive surgery ward, he was fully conscious, cooperated and hemodynamically stable.  (+info)

Types of Electric Injuries There are several types of electric injuries that can occur, including:

1. Electrical shock: This occurs when a person's body is exposed to an electric current, which can cause muscle contractions, nerve damage, and other systemic effects.
2. Electrical burns: These are burns caused by the heat generated by electrical currents flowing through the body. They can be superficial or deep, and may require surgical intervention.
3. Lightning strikes: This is a type of electric injury caused by direct exposure to lightning. It can cause a range of symptoms, including burns, cardiac arrest, and neurological damage.
4. Arc flash burns: These are burns caused by the intense heat generated when electrical currents flow through the body in an enclosed space. They can be severe and may require prolonged treatment.

Symptoms of Electric Injuries The symptoms of electric injuries can vary depending on the severity of the injury, but may include:

1. Muscle contractions or spasms
2. Numbness or tingling in the affected area
3. Burns or redness of the skin
4. Cardiac arrest or arrhythmias
5. Neurological damage or seizures
6. Respiratory distress or difficulty breathing
7. Weakness or fatigue
8. Dizziness or loss of consciousness

Treatment of Electric Injuries The treatment of electric injuries depends on the severity of the injury and may include:

1. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) if the patient has cardiac arrest or is unresponsive
2. Burn care, including debridement and wound dressing
3. Electrolyte replacement to maintain fluid balance and prevent dehydration
4. Pain management with analgesics and sedatives
5. Physical therapy to restore strength and mobility
6. Monitoring of neurological function and seizure control
7. Psychological support to cope with the injury and its effects

Prevention of Electric Injuries Prevention of electric injuries is important, especially in workplaces where electrical hazards are present. Some measures for prevention include:

1. Proper training on electrical safety and equipment use
2. Regular inspection and maintenance of electrical equipment
3. Use of protective gear such as gloves, safety glasses, and hard hats
4. Avoiding direct contact with electrical sources
5. Use of ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs) to prevent electrical shock
6. Proper storage of electrical equipment when not in use
7. Emergency preparedness and response plans in place

In conclusion, electric injuries can be severe and potentially life-threatening. Prompt medical attention is essential for proper treatment and prevention of complications. It is important to be aware of the hazards of electricity and take measures to prevent electrical injuries in the workplace and at home. Proper training, equipment maintenance, and safety precautions can go a long way in preventing these types of injuries.

Burns, Electric: A type of burn that is caused by electrical current. It can result from contact with exposed wiring or electrical appliances, and can cause both thermal and chemical damage to the skin. Treatment may involve surgical debridement, antibiotics, and pain management. Also known as electrical burns.

Burns, Electric: A reference to a specific type of burn injury that is caused by electricity. This type of burn can result from contact with exposed wiring or electrical appliances, and can cause both thermal and chemical damage to the skin. Treatment for electric burns may involve surgical debridement, antibiotics, and pain management.

Burns, Electric: A severe burn that is caused by an electric shock. This type of burn can cause both external and internal damage, and can lead to serious complications such as infection, scarring, and even death. Treatment for electric burns typically involves surgical debridement, antibiotics, and pain management.

Burns, Electric: A reference to a specific type of thermal burn that is caused by an electrical current. This type of burn can cause both external and internal damage, and can lead to serious complications such as infection, scarring, and even death. Treatment for electric burns typically involves surgical debridement, antibiotics, and pain management.

Burns, Electric: A severe burn that is caused by electrical current. This type of burn can cause both external and internal damage, and can lead to serious complications such as infection, scarring, and even death. Treatment for electric burns typically involves surgical debridement, antibiotics, and pain management.

Burns, Electric: A reference to a specific type of burn injury that is caused by electrical current. This type of burn can cause both external and internal damage, and can lead to serious complications such as infection, scarring, and even death. Treatment for electric burns typically involves surgical debridement, antibiotics, and pain management.

Burns, Electric: A severe burn that is caused by electrical current. This type of burn can cause both external and internal damage, and can lead to serious complications such as infection, scarring, and even death. Treatment for electric burns typically involves surgical debridement, antibiotics, and pain management.

Burns, Electric: A reference to a specific type of thermal burn that is caused by an electrical current. This type of burn can cause both external and internal damage, and can lead to serious complications such as infection, scarring, and even death. Treatment for electric burns typically involves surgical debridement, antibiotics, and pain management.

Burns, Electrical: A severe burn that is caused by electrical current. This type of burn can cause both external and internal damage, and can lead to serious complications such as infection, scarring, and even death. Treatment for electrical burns typically involves surgical debridement, antibiotics, and pain management.

Burns, Electrical: A reference to a specific type of thermal burn that is caused by an electrical current. This type of burn can cause both external and internal damage, and can lead to serious complications such as infection, scarring, and even death. Treatment for electrical burns typically involves surgical debridement, antibiotics, and pain management.

Burns, Thermal: A reference to a specific type of burn that is caused by heat. This can include sunburn, fire burns, and electric burns. Treatment for thermal burns typically involves cooling the affected area, dressing changes, and pain management.

Burns, Second-Degree: A type of burn that affects the outer layer of skin and the underlying layer of tissue. This type of burn can cause pain, swelling, redness, and blistering, and can lead to infection and scarring. Treatment for second-degree burns typically involves topical creams and ointments, dressing changes, and pain management.

Burns, Third-Degree: A severe type of burn that affects all layers of skin and can cause charring and scarring. This type of burn can lead to infection and amputation, and is a medical emergency. Treatment for third-degree burns typically involves surgical debridement, antibiotics, and pain management.

Burnout: A state of physical, mental, or emotional exhaustion caused by prolonged stress, overwork, or lack of balance in life. Burnout can lead to feelings of hopelessness, detachment, and cynicism, and can negatively impact work performance and relationships. Treatment for burnout typically involves self-care, stress management techniques, and seeking support from others.

Burning Mouth Syndrome: A condition characterized by a burning sensation in the mouth, often accompanied by dryness, redness, and difficulty swallowing. The exact cause of burning mouth syndrome is not known, but it may be related to hormonal changes, allergies, or certain medications. Treatment for burning mouth syndrome typically involves addressing underlying causes, such as hormone replacement therapy or allergy treatment, and managing symptoms with topical creams and mouthwashes.

There are several types of deafness, including:

1. Conductive hearing loss: This type of deafness is caused by problems with the middle ear, including the eardrum or the bones of the middle ear. It can be treated with hearing aids or surgery.
2. Sensorineural hearing loss: This type of deafness is caused by damage to the inner ear or auditory nerve. It is typically permanent and cannot be treated with medication or surgery.
3. Mixed hearing loss: This type of deafness is a combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.
4. Auditory processing disorder (APD): This is a condition in which the brain has difficulty processing sounds, even though the ears are functioning normally.
5. Tinnitus: This is a condition characterized by ringing or other sounds in the ears when there is no external source of sound. It can be a symptom of deafness or a separate condition.

There are several ways to diagnose deafness, including:

1. Hearing tests: These can be done in a doctor's office or at a hearing aid center. They involve listening to sounds through headphones and responding to them.
2. Imaging tests: These can include X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans to look for any physical abnormalities in the ear or brain.
3. Auditory brainstem response (ABR) testing: This is a test that measures the electrical activity of the brain in response to sound. It can be used to diagnose hearing loss in infants and young children.
4. Otoacoustic emissions (OAE) testing: This is a test that measures the sounds produced by the inner ear in response to sound. It can be used to diagnose hearing loss in infants and young children.

There are several ways to treat deafness, including:

1. Hearing aids: These are devices that amplify sound and can be worn in or behind the ear. They can help improve hearing for people with mild to severe hearing loss.
2. Cochlear implants: These are devices that are implanted in the inner ear and can bypass damaged hair cells to directly stimulate the auditory nerve. They can help restore hearing for people with severe to profound hearing loss.
3. Speech therapy: This can help people with hearing loss improve their communication skills, such as speaking and listening.
4. Assistive technology: This can include devices such as captioned phones, alerting systems, and assistive listening devices that can help people with hearing loss communicate more effectively.
5. Medications: There are several medications available that can help treat deafness, such as antibiotics for bacterial infections or steroids to reduce inflammation.
6. Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat deafness, such as when there is a blockage in the ear or when a tumor is present.
7. Stem cell therapy: This is a relatively new area of research that involves using stem cells to repair damaged hair cells in the inner ear. It has shown promising results in some studies.
8. Gene therapy: This involves using genes to repair or replace damaged or missing genes that can cause deafness. It is still an experimental area of research, but it has shown promise in some studies.
9. Implantable devices: These are devices that are implanted in the inner ear and can help restore hearing by bypassing damaged hair cells. Examples include cochlear implants and auditory brainstem implants.
10. Binaural hearing: This involves using a combination of hearing aids and technology to improve hearing in both ears, which can help improve speech recognition and reduce the risk of falls.

It's important to note that the best treatment for deafness will depend on the underlying cause of the condition, as well as the individual's age, overall health, and personal preferences. It's important to work with a healthcare professional to determine the best course of treatment.

These conditions can cause significant physical discomfort, emotional distress, and social embarrassment. They can also lead to permanent scarring and disfigurement if left untreated or inadequately treated. Fortunately, there are many effective treatments available for facial dermatoses, ranging from topical creams and ointments to systemic medications and surgery.

Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are essential for achieving the best possible outcomes for patients with facial dermatoses. A dermatologist can evaluate the patient's symptoms, perform a physical examination of the skin, and use diagnostic tests such as biopsies or blood tests to determine the underlying cause of the condition.

Once the diagnosis is established, the dermatologist will work with the patient to develop an individualized treatment plan that addresses their specific needs and concerns. This may involve a combination of self-care measures, medications, and other interventions. In some cases, a multidisciplinary approach involving other healthcare professionals such as plastic surgeons or psychologists may be necessary to provide comprehensive care.

In addition to treating the underlying condition, facial dermatoses can also have a significant impact on the patient's quality of life. Patients with these conditions may experience social stigma, anxiety, and depression, which can affect their relationships, work performance, and overall well-being. As such, it is essential for healthcare providers to address not only the physical symptoms but also the psychological and emotional needs of patients with facial dermatoses.

Overall, facial dermatoses are a common and diverse group of skin conditions that can have a significant impact on the patient's quality of life. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are essential for achieving the best possible outcomes, and a multidisciplinary approach is often necessary to provide comprehensive care.

Some common types of environmental illness include:

1. Asthma and other respiratory allergies: These conditions are caused by exposure to airborne pollutants such as dust, pollen, and smoke.
2. Chemical sensitivity: This condition is caused by exposure to chemicals in the environment, such as pesticides, solvents, and cleaning products.
3. Allergic contact dermatitis: This condition is caused by skin contact with allergens such as latex, metals, and certain plants.
4. Mold-related illnesses: Exposure to mold can cause a range of symptoms, including respiratory problems, skin irritation, and headaches.
5. Radon exposure: Radon is a radioactive gas that can accumulate in homes and buildings, particularly in basements and crawl spaces. Prolonged exposure to radon can increase the risk of lung cancer.
6. Carbon monoxide poisoning: This condition is caused by exposure to carbon monoxide, a colorless, odorless gas that can build up in enclosed spaces with faulty heating or cooking appliances.
7. Lead poisoning: Exposure to lead, particularly in children, can cause a range of health problems, including developmental delays, learning disabilities, and behavioral issues.
8. Mercury poisoning: Exposure to mercury, particularly through fish consumption, can cause neurological symptoms such as tremors, memory loss, and cognitive impairment.
9. Pesticide exposure: Exposure to pesticides, particularly organophosphates, can cause a range of health problems, including respiratory issues, skin irritation, and neurological symptoms.
10. Particulate matter exposure: Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) from air pollution can increase the risk of respiratory problems, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.

These are just a few examples of environmental health hazards that may be present in your home or building. It's important to be aware of these potential risks and take steps to mitigate them to ensure the health and safety of occupants.

There are three main types of hearing loss: conductive, sensorineural, and mixed. Conductive hearing loss occurs when there is a problem with the middle ear and its ability to transmit sound waves to the inner ear. Sensorineural hearing loss occurs when there is damage to the inner ear or the auditory nerve, which can lead to permanent hearing loss. Mixed hearing loss is a combination of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss.

Symptoms of hearing loss may include difficulty hearing speech, especially in noisy environments, muffled or distorted sound, ringing or buzzing in the ears (tinnitus), and difficulty hearing high-pitched sounds. If you suspect you have hearing loss, it is important to seek medical advice as soon as possible, as early treatment can help improve communication and quality of life.

Hearing loss is diagnosed through a series of tests, including an audiometric test, which measures the softest sounds that can be heard at different frequencies. Treatment options for hearing loss include hearing aids, cochlear implants, and other assistive devices, as well as counseling and support to help manage the condition and improve communication skills.

Overall, hearing loss is a common condition that can have a significant impact on daily life. If you suspect you or someone you know may be experiencing hearing loss, it is important to seek medical advice as soon as possible to address any underlying issues and improve communication and quality of life.

"Electrical Burn Injuries." Accident and emergency nursing 7.2 (1999): 70-76. Print. "What is an Electrical Burn?" Electrical ... and treatment of burns. Typically, an electrical burn patient has a lower affected body surface area than other burn patients, ... it is unlikely that any electrical burns would occur. Electrical burns can be caused by a variety of ways such as touching or ... and any combination of these categories may be present on an electrical burn victim: Low-voltage burn. A burn produced by ...
Burns, a Post-Electric Play (stylized Mr. Burns, a post-electric play) is an American black comedy play written by Anne ... Burns, a Post-Electric Play​ at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Mr. Burns, a Post-Electric Play at Playwrights Horizons ( ... "Mr Burns, a Post-Electric Play". Woolly Mammoth. Retrieved 12 November 2018. "Mr. Burns, a post-electric play". Lortel Archives ... Burns) as the causes of civilization's decay." Washburn, Anne (2012). Mr. Burns, a Post-Electric Play. Samuel French. Brantley ...
Born in India, Jain received a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering in 1967 at the Indian Institute of Technology in ... was an Indian-American electrical engineer and Professor of the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at ... After graduation Jain continued as postdoctoral fellow and later assistant professor in the department of Electrical ...
Wilson, Emily (2015). "The Leith's of Leith Hall". Electric Scotland. Retrieved 16 September 2015. Drake, Geraldine (2015). " ... He was born at Leith Hall, the third son of John Leith and his wife Harriot (née Steuart). His father was shot and killed ...
... (Manx: Crossag Burn) is a diminutive rural request stop on the northern section of the Manx Electric Railway on ... ISBN 1-870119-32-0. Manx Electric Railway Stopping Places (2002) Manx Electric Railway Society Island Images: Manx Electric ... Manx Electric. Platform Five. ISBN 978-1-872524-52-8. Keith Pearson (1992). 100 Years Of Manx Electric Railway. Leading Edge. ... Coordinates: 54°15′01″N 4°22′35″W / 54.25028°N 4.37639°W / 54.25028; -4.37639 Manx Electric Railway Stations Mike Goodwyn ( ...
"Electric Lit's 15 Best Short Story Collections of 2019". Electric Literature. 2019-12-11. Retrieved 2019-12-25. "Jonathan Blum ... Jonathan Blum (writer, born 1967) is an American writer. Blum was born in Philadelphia, grew up in Miami, Florida and currently ... named one of the best short story collections of 2019 by Electric Literature and a novella, Last Word (Rescue Press, 2013), ...
"Studies in the History of the University of Aberdeen" (PDF). Electric Scotland. Retrieved 10 June 2018. Baston 2016, p. 64. ... Duncan Forbes was born on 10 November 1685, in Culloden House near Inverness, second son of Duncan Forbes (1644-1704) and his ... "Studies in the History of the University of Aberdeen" (PDF). Electric Scotland. Retrieved 10 June 2018. "An 18th century ...
"Electric Scotland". Retrieved 31 July 2011. Janet, Gyford (27 April 2020). "The history of Witham, Essex". The history of ...
"Robert Burns Lives! Plea for the Jacksonville Robert Burns Memorial". Electric Scotland. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2017 ... "Vancouver's Robert Burns statue is a copy of the George Lawson original from Ayr Scotland". Robert Burns & Burns poetry. 11 ... "Burns Statue Boston". Monuments and Memorials to Robert Burns around the world. Retrieved 11 April 2017. "Robert Burns". Boston ... See Statue of Robert Burns (Albany, New York). Atlanta, Georgia - replica of Burns' birthplace cottage belonging to the Burns ...
"Electric City Football Club Announces Two More Statement Signings in U Sports First Team All-Canadian Holly O'Neill and Former ... Jordan Antonio Brown (born 10 November 1996) is an English footballer who plays as a forward for Pacific FC in the Canadian ... In 2022, he returned to Canada, signing with Electric City FC in League1 Ontario. He led the team in scoring in 2022 with 11 ... Jordan Brown at Soccerway Electric City stats (CS1 Czech-language sources (cs), CS1 German-language sources (de), Articles with ...
"The Cult - Electric". AllMusic. Retrieved July 18, 2013. Monger, James Christopher. "Ozzy Osbourne - Prince of Darkness". ... "Kim Wilde - Born To Be Wild" (in German). GfK Entertainment charts. "Kim Wilde - Born To Be Wild". Swiss Singles Chart. "Tania ... "Steppenwolf - Born To Be Wild" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved July 2, 2013. "Steppenwolf - Born To Be Wild" (in ... The brilliant soundtrack, including the Byrds' 'Wasn't Born to Follow', Steppenwolf's proto-metal 'Born to be Wild', and Jimi ...
Jim Burns' first commercial foray into electric guitar making came in 1958 when he designed and built the "Ike Isaacs Short ... "Burns UK", and the second called "Jim Burns Actualizers Ltd." "Burns UK" appeared in 1974 and lasted until 1977. Burns UK ... Ormston Burns Ltd. was bought up by Baldwin Piano Company in 1965, and the company was renamed "Baldwin-Burns". Burns guitars ... Burns (1925-1998) in 1959. The company was first named "Burns-Weill", then renamed "Ormston Burns Ltd". At its peak, in the ...
Born, Max; Fürth, R.; Pringle, R. W. (December 1945). "A Photo-Electric Fourier Transformer". Nature. 156 (3973): 756-757. ... Born, Max; Brandt, Walter; Born, Gustav (1950). "In memoriam, Gustav Born, experimental embryologist". Cells Tissues Organs. 10 ... Einstein, Albert; Born, Max; Born, Hedwig. (1972) [1969]. Briefwechsel, 1916-1955 [The Born-Einstein Letters, 1916-1955] (in ... Carriveau, G. W. (1 May 1972). "Review: The Born-Einstein Letters, with Commentaries by Max Born Translated by Irene Born ...
Later she served as head of the Foreign Affairs Office of North China Electric Power Bureau, director of the Beijing Office of ... Zhu was born in Shanghai, on November 7, 1933. Her father Zhu Jixun (朱己训) was a businessman. She elementary studied at ... Zhu Lin (Chinese: 朱琳; pinyin: Zhū Lín; born November 7, 1933) is a retired Chinese politician and economist, and the widow of ... Li Peng (2014). 李鹏回忆录 [Li Peng's Memoirs (1928-1983)] (in Chinese). Beijing: China Electric Power Press. ISBN 9787512358980. ( ...
"Fatal Fall from Electric Tramcar". New Zealand Times. XXXII (7209): 1. 18 August 1910. Retrieved 30 April 2017. "The Australian ... Lawrence Reade was born in India, where his father, Edward Anderton Reade, was an administrator for the East India Company in ...
"An unusual case of high-voltage electrical injury involving fractal wood burning". Journal of Burn Care & Research. 2 (1): ... Fractal burning, Lichtenberg burning or wood fracking refers to a technique where a Lichtenberg figure is burnt into wood using ... Burn and Reconstructive Centers of America The Electrical Safety Authority of Ontario Electrical Safety Foundation ... "ESFI Warns Against Fractal Wood Burning Social Media Trend". Electrical Safety Foundation International. 2022-04-25. Retrieved ...
... via Electric Scotland McRoberts, David (1957). "Miscellany". The Innes Review. 8: 67-70. doi:10.3366/inr.1957.8.1.67. NLS ... The Molendinar Burn is a burn in Glasgow, Scotland. It was the site of the settlement, Mellingdenor, that grew to become the ... The burn now enters the Clyde 125 m (137 yd) upstream of the 1795 confluence point, near the Tidal Weir Molendinar Burn Photo ... However the majority of the length of the burn has been culverted in stages since the 1870s. Short stretches of the burn can be ...
He is known for his electric pace. In July 2022, Allen became a contestant on the eighth series of ITV2's Love Island. At the ... Jamie Paul Allen (born 25 May 1995) is a Montserratian professional footballer who plays as a forward for AFC Telford United. ...
"Electric Sun Change Name to Born Cages". ARTISTdirect. Retrieved 14 January 2015. "The Sidelines EP". ... Vlad Holiday remains the only original member from the Electric Sun days. Born Cages released The Sidelines EP on June 18, 2013 ... "Born Cages Win This Round Of The Freshmen". Retrieved 14 January 2015. "Born Cages, 'I Just Want the Truth, Baby' - ... "Born Cages". 6 March 2017. Born Cages [@BORNCAGES] (10 January 2017). "Whoa we're charting on US Viral 50 right now. That's a ...
Microwave burns show some similarities with electrical burns, as the tissue damage is deep rather than superficial. Adipose ... a pattern that is not present in conventional thermal or chemical burns. Cells subjected to electrical burns show microscopic ... Microwave burns are burn injuries caused by thermal effects of microwave radiation absorbed in a living organism. In comparison ... Like a microwave, this lightbulb can burn, particularly if touched, but the burn is only possible due to too much heat. A study ...
Electric Gypsy authors as "a sound forever associated with Jimi Hendrix." In preparation for the release of "Burning of the ... The song was added to both US and UK editions of Electric Ladyland (1968). Work on "Burning of the Midnight Lamp" began in May ... The feeling of a man in a little old house in the middle of a desert where he is burning the midnight lamp ... you don't mean ... "Burning of the Midnight Lamp" is a song recorded by English-American rock trio the Jimi Hendrix Experience. Written by frontman ...
ISBN 0-87930-828-1. Matos, Michaelangelo (September 15, 2004). "Electric Dreams". Seattle Weekly. Retrieved April 1, 2009. ... Burnt Sugar, also known as Burnt Sugar, the Arkestra Chamber, is an American improvisational band. The band's music combines ... "Burnt Sugar - Bio". Rock Paper Scissors. Retrieved 15 September 2017. Varty, Alexander (September 16, 2004). "Burnt Sugar ... Freeman, Phil (Winter 2011). "Burnt Sugar". Burning Ambulance (5): 29-43. Kelley, Robin D. G. (August 29, 2002). "The Sweet ...
", "Americano", and "Electric Chapel". On April 17, 2011, Gaga tweeted her selection for the cover art of Born This Way, which ... Born This Way, and its remix album, Born This Way: The Remix, were packaged as a compilation album titled Born This Way: The ... Born This Way was the fourth best-selling album of the year in Japan, with sales of 658,554 copies. In the United Kingdom, Born ... "Born This Way: Lady Gaga". Amazon. Retrieved August 28, 2011. "News: Lady Gaga's Born This Way Limited Edition USB-Drive Out ...
It is uncertain if it is useful for neck or digit burns. Fasciotomies may be required for electrical burns. Skin grafts can ... Anemia secondary to full thickness burns of greater than 10% TBSA is common. Electrical burns may lead to compartment syndrome ... While superficial burns are typically red in color, severe burns may be pink, white or black. Burns around the mouth or singed ... Most burns (70%) and deaths from burns occur in males. The highest incidence of fire burns occurs in those 18-35 years old, ...
"General Electric Theater" A Child Is Born (TV Episode 1956)". IMDb. Retrieved 31 December 2014. (1940s American radio programs ... "Lux Video Theatre" A Child Is Born (TV Episode 1950)". IMDb. Retrieved 31 December 2014. ""Actor's Studio" A Child Is Born (TV ... A Child Is Born is a poetic Christmas drama in one act by Stephen Vincent Benét. First presented on radio on December 21, 1942 ... General Electric Theater, and Kraft Television Theatre, but has not been seen on American television since 1956. "Cavalcade of ...
His mother worked for Western Electric in Kearny, New Jersey.[citation needed] Adams was a successful athlete at Henry Snyder ... Nick Adams (born Nicholas Aloysius Adamshock; July 10, 1931 - February 7, 1968) was an American film and television actor and ... Adams was born as Nicholas Aloysius Adamshock in Nanticoke, Pennsylvania to Catherine (Kutz) and Peter Adamshock, an anthracite ...
"Aston Martin sets up electric car joint venture with Chinese group". The Guardian. Feb 17, 2016. "Loan for Shanghai VW". The ... Born in Shanghai in October, 1963, Ding graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in nuclear physics, and a Master of Science ... Ding Lei (born October 1963), also known as David Ding, the former president of Shanghai General Motors, is a Chinese ... "LeTV Taps Former Shanghai GM President for Electric Car Project". Bloomberg News. September 10, 2015. "LeEco co-founder and CEO ...
Electrical Devices 1-3] (in Romanian). 16 October 2014. Retrieved 7 March 2020. "Octavian Ionescu". European ... Octavian Andrei Ionescu (born 1 October 1949) is a Romanian former footballer who played as a midfielder. Octavian Ionescu ...
Thompson was known for his speedy and electric style of play. Thompson made 560 appearances in the English Football League, ...
... musical style first introduced through Born to Die, and incorporates frequent electric guitar and piano instrumentation like ... Born to Die: The Paradise Edition is the reissue of American singer-songwriter Lana Del Rey's second studio album Born to Die ( ... "Born to Die: The Paradise Edition [Import]". Amazon. November 20, 2012. Retrieved June 22, 2014. "Born to Die Paradise Edition ... "New Zealand album certifications - Lana Del Rey - Born To Die". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved July 4, 2014. Born to Die: The ...
"Born In New Jersey and (Now) Proud of It", The New York Times, July 29, 2007. Accessed January 18, 2008 (Articles with short ... Sven Andersson - flute, saxophone Seth Avett - liner notes David Carlsson - engineer Daniel "Shaolun" Chen - electric piano, ... The narrator seems to wish he could have a more positive outlook on the "landscape I was born to," ostensibly the same town ...
Zakya H. Ismail (born 1948) is an Egyptian scientist who is professor of Electrical Engineering at Lehigh University. Her ... Kafafi was born in Cairo, Egypt. She has said that she became interested in chemistry whilst she was at high school, and that ... where she was made Distinguished Research Fellow in the Department of Electrical Engineering. Here she has developed metallic ...
Ploeger was born in the Netherlands and is currently living and working in the United Kingdom.[citation needed]. He holds a PhD ... "Dani Ploeger: The body electric". Imperica magazine. Imperica. Retrieved 9 September 2015. Clarke, Alissa (2013). "Orgasms and ...
Gavin Wayne Jennings (born 18 April 1957) is an Australian politician. He was a Labor Party member of the Victorian Legislative ... Hospitality and Miscellaneous Union and Electrical Trades Union at various times until his election to parliament. Jennings won ...
... impersonates Cyclops as part of an elaborate plot to kill the young mutants who he sees are the last generation of mutants born ... A Japanese immigrant who constantly absorbs static electricity and can discharge it as electric blasts or bursts of superhuman ...
A former electrical engineer and copy writer for mail advertisements, Levey started Dial-A-Joke line in the 1970s called The ... Carvell, Tim (May 26, 1997). "A Star Is Born In the Wee Hours Mike Levey: King Of the Infomercial, Heartthrob of the World". ...
... (born 6 April 1963) is the president, CEO and chairman of the board of Harley-Davidson. He served as the chairman ... In December, Zeitz announced that its electric motorcycle subsidiary LiveWire would become a separate publicly traded company, ... Zeitz was born in Mannheim, Germany. He studied in Germany, Italy, France, and the United States, and graduated from the ... such as the electric motorcycle LiveWire. In February 2020, Zeitz was named interim president of Harley Davidson, and was made ...
... was the childhood home of businessman Pat Burns, who went started the Calgary Stampede and built one of largest meat ... He also became head of the Toronto Railway Company in 1891, and brought the first electric streetcar service to Toronto in 1893 ... He also pioneered power generation at Niagara Falls, and headed EDCO, the Electrical Development Company of Ontario. Adam Beck ... Additional construction of an updated electrical and hydraulic system was completed between 1965 and 1966. It is the second ...
The Hershey Electric Railway on Cuba opens. Russia's Railway Worker Day national holiday, established in 1886, is abolished ... born 1840). MacLeod, Duncan (2006-08-14). "UK train accidents in which passengers were killed 1825-1924". PureCollector. ...
I went down to Electric Lady and I just put the vocal down on tape, we finished about twenty to midnight. We took the E train ... Heather Nova and Moby covered the song in 1999 for the Clash tribute album Burning London. In 2007, British singer M.I.A. ...
... (柿原 徹也, Kakihara Tetsuya, born 24 December 1982) is a Japanese voice actor and singer. He was affiliated with ... Track list of Kakihara's Songs (in order of performance)*: 1. my life my time 2. Electric Monster 3. Endless Journey Kiramune ...
I feel like I was hit by an electric current." He admitted that it was a "pretty easy choice" choosing which scene to submit ... the character was born during the episode airing on October 13, 2006, Initially portrayed by various child actors, including ...
Kersh was born in South Africa. Kersh received a degree in Media and Communications from the University of New South Wales and ... electrical cabling company. To create the site, she taught herself HTML and tracked her business while attending university ...
... such as electrical noise or signal interference due to metal, because HEG is a measure of blood flow and not electrical ... The heat detected by PIR is proportional to the amount of sugar being burned to maintain the increased metabolic rate necessary ... Currently, the most popular neurotherapy techniques utilize electroencephalography (EEG), which measures electrical brain ...
"King of Electric Power of Japan", who maintained that, because electric power was the foundation of social life and industry, ... Born in the Miyagi Prefecture, Hirai was keenly aware of how dreadful earthquakes and tsunamis could be; he is said to have ... was a Japanese civil engineer and corporate executive in the electric power industry. He developed electric power generation in ... In 1968, Tohoku Electric Power established a committee to prepare the construction plan of the Onagawa nuclear power plant (NPP ...
... born 1890) Roger Connor, baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (born 1857) January 12 - Anna Manning Comfort, physician (born ... American electrical engineer, astronaut (d. 1966) Skeeter Davis, American country singer (d. 2004) January 4 Art Acord, actor ( ... born 1877) November 6 - Jack Chesbro, baseball player and MLB Hall of Famer (born 1874) December 5 - Vachel Lindsay, poet (born ... born 1888) April 1 - Macklyn Arbuckle, actor (born 1866) April 9 - Nicholas Longworth, politician, Speaker of the House (born ...
Adjacent to the railway station is the Valsad Electric Loco Shed which houses over 100 electric locomotives. Other railway ... Hemin Desai - Indian-born cricketer, who has represented Oman at the List A cricket. Kanubhai Desai - Finance minister of ...
"A Child Is Born" (Thad Jones) - 8:56 "Common Ground" (Burrell, Warren Stephens) - 8:17 "God Bless the Child" (Billie Holiday, ... electric guitar Richard Wyands - piano (tracks 1-6) Lisle Atkinson - bass (tracks 1-6) Lenny McBrowne - drums (tracks 1-6) Jazz ...
Born in Washington, Pennsylvania, Walker graduated from Trinity High School in 1938. He earned his Bachelor of Arts degree in ... Walker's Starfighter was one of five aircraft in a tight group formation for a General Electric publicity photo when his F-104 ...
Sossen was born in the Dorchester neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts, the eldest of three sons born to Henry and Mollie (née ... He graduated in 1951 with a Bachelor of Science in electrical engineering. He then enrolled at Boston University, where he ... American electrical engineers, American chief executives, Businesspeople from Boston, People from Marblehead, Massachusetts, ...
On the morning of February 11, Fiore and Arnold arrived in Burns. Fiore met with Reverend Franklin Graham at the Burns ... the Harney County Sheriff's Office and also contacted a utility company with the intention of taking over the refuge's electric ... At 7:38 p.m., an FBI agent told Arnold that Fiore was doing a good job and they should go to Burns. Later that night, it was ... A Burns-area resident who organized the event described it as an opportunity to defuse tensions that had been simmering between ...
He is taken to hospital suffering burns to his hands. The guitar-burning act would later become a trademark of Hendrix's ... 4 June - Jimi Hendrix Experience, Cream, Denny Laine and his Electric String Band, Procol Harum and The Chiffons, perform a two ... British-born US singer, 89 1967 in British radio 1967 in British television 1967 in the United Kingdom List of British films of ...
Romain Perrot (born 1973), better known by his stage name Vomir (French for "vomiting" or "regurgitate"), is a French noise ... with an acoustic or electric guitar, on which he puts his voice. His first record was released on the Premier Sang label in ...
"Penelope Cruz Talks Twice Born, The Counselor, I'm so excited and Pirates of The Caribbean 5". Collider. September 26, 2012. ... citing one example of how he tried to make the sound more modern by featuring an electric cello to create a menacing leitmotif ...
Scottish-born merchant William Brown, who died in the Richmond Theatre Fire of 1811, had numerous mercantile connections ... 1 electrical contractor, 1 chiropodist, 23 barbers, 27 merchants, and 32 houses of private entertainment (private lodging ... Augustus Nathaniel Lushington (1869-1939) was born on Trinidad in the West Indies and is believed to be one of the first ... This scene may have been captured by German-born artist Bernhard Gutmann (1869-1936), who, in 1895, sketched what he called " ...
Internal-combustion engines burn fuel hotter than the melting temperature of engine materials, and hot enough to set fire to ... such as an electric fan, or which has an adjustable clutch; a thermostatic valve or a thermostat that can block the coolant ...
Holland was born in 1872 in Girard, Kansas, the son of Ira A. Holland of Kentucky and Ursula Crowder of Tennessee. The death of ... By 1910, Holland was a "dealer in gas and electrical supplies and fixtures," for on July 1 of that year he took possession of ... He came to California in 1894 and enrolled at the University of Southern California to study electrical engineering. Five years ...
He proposed a dinner party where a turkey was to be killed via electric shock and roasted on an electrical spit. After having ... William was born on February 22, 1730, but his mother's identity is unknown. He was educated in Philadelphia and beginning at ... Instead he used the kite to collect some electric charge from a storm cloud, showing that lightning was electrical. On October ... and from electric fire thus obtained spirits may be kindled, and all other electric experiments [may be] performed which are ...
Burns, Peter C.; Ewing, Rodney C.; Navrotsky, Alexandra (2012). "Nuclear Fuel in a Reactor Accident". Science. 335 (6073): 1184 ... part of the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme) with cosmic ray muons. He used a Geiger counter. Although he succeeded in ...
Born to an Algerian-Belgian father Youssef Agag, who was a banker, and a Spanish mother, Soledad Longo Álvarez de Soto Mayor, ... He is currently in charge of the Formula E Championship, an electric car racing series. The inaugural season began in September ... Alejandro Tarik Agag Longo (born 18 September 1970, in Madrid) is a Spanish businessman and former politician. He is based in ...
Burns, a Post-Electric Play, with A. Nora Long at the helm. In Mr. Burns, Washburn takes our concerns a step further, not only ... Burns, a Post-Electric Play. A group of survivors, adrift in a nuclear winter, take comfort in their memories of an iconic ... Burns, a Post-Electric Play, directed by A. Nora Long, at the Lyric Stage Company.. (© Mark S. Howard). Its no wonder that ... Burns is divided into three acts set in different time periods. Act 1 takes place shortly after an undescribed catastrophe that ...
2023 Burns & McDonnell. All Rights Reserved At this time, Burns & McDonnell is not offering pure architectural services in the ... The electric power industry is rapidly transforming, driven by growth in distributed generation, the deployment of electric ... Our electrical distribution services team has the knowledge to solve your challenges, with extensive experience in a variety of ... Detailed engineering and project support planning services are required to implement a successful electrical distribution ...
Consumers should immediately stop using the recalled chargers and contact Lester Electrical to receive a free replacement ... Lester Electrical Recalls Links Series Chargers Due to Fire and Burn Hazards ... Lester Electrical at 800-295-2086 from 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. CT Monday through Friday, email at [email protected] ... "Lester Electrical" and "Links Series" are printed on the front of the recalled chargers along with a picture of a golfer. The ...
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Ritualistic book burning has always been a grim aspect of our history - the Nazi book burning in 1933 comes immediately to mind ... Contribute to Electric Lit Help keep the lights on Support our mission to make literature more exciting, relevant, and ... She was born and raised in New York and now lives in Brooklyn. A Novel Obsession is her debut novel. ... Electric Literature is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded in 2009. Our mission is to amplify the power of storytelling ...
... - Silver ... Fully Electric CUPRA BORN Call us for more information on your ...
Get a Cupra Born 150kW V2 58kWh Hatchback 5dr Electric Automatic on a cheap PERSONAL lease (1+35) at LINGsCARS as seen on ... Cupra Born 150kW V2 58kWh Hatchback 5dr Electric Automatic Electric Automatic CAR LEASING. We live inside our car leasing ... If you compare the daily cost of this electric Cupra Born to Big Macs, CAN YOU BELIEVE the same money only buys you 5 ¾ Big ... Cupra Born When this new Cupra Born breaks down, you can get it fixed at a Cupra garage for free! ...
... which aims to turn Spain into a hub for electric mobility in Europe, with the urban electric vehicle at its core. ... electric vehicle, which will hit the market from November. As explained by SEAT S.A. President Wayne Griffiths at the ... The companys presence at this motor show coincides with the planned international launch of the CUPRA Born, the brands first ... CUPRA Born: aims to double the brands sales by 2022. CUPRA has started to produce its first 100% electric car, the CUPRA Born ...
NPWT may contribute to the present conventional treatments used in severe electrical burns. ... Clinical evaluation of negative-pressure wound therapy in the management of electrical burns Kemal Eyvaz, Metin Kement 1 , ... Clinical evaluation of negative-pressure wound therapy in the management of electrical burns Kemal Eyvaz et al. Ulus Travma ... Effect of Negative Pressure Wound Therapy in Electrical Burns. Gómez-Ortega V, Vergara-Rodriguez MJ, Mendoza B, García T. Gómez ...
... March 28, 2023 - A woman who was seriously burned when she ... If you or somebody you know was burned by a Cuisinart Electric Pressure Cooker, you should contact our lawyers immediately for ... According to her lawsuit, she was burned on her chest when she opened the lid and the scalding-hot contents were ejected out. ... She blames her "catastrophic burn injuries" on the failure of the so-called safety features, which failed to lock the lid or ...
These burns can range from burns to the skin to burns that damage bones and internal organs. After an electrical burn injury, ... These burns tend to damage the skin only.. *Oral burns: Most common in children, oral electrical burns are frequently the ... Types of Electrical Burns. There are several types of electrical burns which cause injuries of varying type and severity. ... Electrical Burn Victims May Be Entitled to Compensation. When electrical burn injuries are caused by the negligence of another ...
Dylan goes electric at the Newport Folk Festival. Art, Literature and Film History. 1897. Jack London sails for the Klondike. ... On July 25, 1978, Louise Joy Brown, the worlds first baby to be conceived via in vitro fertilization (IVF) is born at Oldham ... ...
Electrical Engineering Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for electronics and electrical engineering professionals, ... Why do different resistors of the same power rating burn out / not burn out?. Ask Question ... I dont understand this as I thought the reason the resistors are burning out is due to their power rating being too low, but ... Thanks for contributing an answer to Electrical Engineering Stack Exchange!. *Please be sure to answer the question. Provide ...
Electric chainsaw vs. gas chainsaw Outdoor Power Equipment / 11 hours ago. Both gas and electric chainsaws offer outstanding ... A large trash pile gathers on the property where two fourplexes burned a year and a half ago in east Austin (KXAN Photo/Mike ... AUSTIN, Texas (KXAN) - Neighbors in two different parts of Austin, Texas, are frustrated as burned and damaged properties have ... Large amounts of trash people dump at the site of burned fourplexes in east Austin (KXAN Photo/Mike Rush). ...
Burns, a Post-Electric Play. University of North Dakota. Director: Ljubisa Matic. Set and Lighting Design: Brad Reissig. Sound ...
Automotive Electronics and Electrical Equipment. *. Automation & Process Control *. Robotics. *. Electrical Systems and ... Based on the depth of burn, the burn care market is segmented into minor, partial-thickness, and full-thickness burns. The ... Based on product, the market is segmented into advanced burn care, biologics, traditional burn care, and other burn care ... In this report, the burn care market has been segmented on the basis of product, depth of burn, end user, and region. ...
The main riff played on electric guitar. How to play Slow Dancing in a Burning Room on electric guitar ... Slow Dancing in a Burning Room guitar tab - free download in PDF and Guitar Pro formats. ... TOP 10 Electric Guitar Songs - TOP 10 Electric Guitar Solos - TOP 10 Instrumental Guitar Covers - TOP 10 Fingerstyle Guitar ... John Mayer - Slow Dancing In A Burning Room main riff played on electric guitar. The original video title says: John Mayer Slow ...
... electrical burns from direct contact with current and thermal burns from arc flashes and blasts. An arc flash occurs when ... Electricity can cause two types of burns: electrical burns from direct contact with current and thermal burns from arc flashes ... Electrical-burns; Electrical-industry; Thermal-effects; Electrical-hazards; Electricity; Voltage-regulation; Temperature- ... Hazards of Arc Flash/Blast 1. The intense heat and light emitted by an arc flash can cause severe burns, destroying skin and ...
Electric vibrator. John Marshall Harlan. Judge. 1-Jun-1833. 14-Oct-1911. US Supreme Court Justice, 1877-1911. ... Born in 1833. LISTS. Name. Occupation. Birth. Death. Known for. Charles Montgomery Barnes. Business. 8-Sep-1833. 19-May-1907. ...
As huge numbers of new lines of affordable electric cars come online over the next five years, everyone who can afford one ... Burning fossil fuels made coronavirus death rate worse, and kills 200K Americans per year, not to mention global heating. Coal ... Juan Cole (born October 23, 1952) is an American academic and commentator on the modern Middle East and South Asia. He is ... City-dwellers around the world are astonished to see how clean their air suddenly became once people stopped burning so many ...
How to Cook London Broil in an Electric Pressure Cooker. Toddlers and Frequent Urination. Child Seat Belt Laws for a Pickup ... Do your own burning ritual in a fire place or somewhere safe Burn what you want to let go of ( the man thats holding you back) ... Someone told me that Burning man was about, Burning of the man who holds us back from true self expression. Its about letting ... Burning the man - whats getting in your way of being and living your authentic truth ?. September 8, 2010. by lori bregman ...
Heat burns Heat burns, also called thermal burns, are caused by... ... Heat, electricity, contact with hard or rough surfaces (friction), and some common household chemicals can all cause burns. You ... Electrical burns. Electrical burns are caused by contact with electrical sources or by lightning. Electrical current passing ... Heat burns. Heat burns, also called thermal burns, are caused by contact with fire, steam, hot objects, or hot liquids. Tap ...
Adult electrical injuries usually occur in occupational settings, whereas children are primarily injured in the household ... Electrical injuries, although relatively uncommon, are inevitably encountered by most emergency physicians. ... Electrical burns of the mouth: still searching for an answer. Burns. 1996 Mar. 22(2):137-40. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. ... Electrical burns: a retrospective analysis across a 5-year period. Burns. 2009 Nov. 35(7):1015-9. [QxMD MEDLINE Link]. ...
The Electric Company It was co-created by Paul Dooley, Joan Ganz Cooney, and Lloyd Morrisett. The series aired on PBS for 780 ... Filming the series this way meant having Burns spend hours in front of a camera with a green screen behind him. Burns noted how ... Burns said, "I didnt think it would work at all. I thought it was simply too strange and too breakthrough, and I didnt think ... Burns served as the original host of the series until 2002, when Donovan Patton replaced him as Joe. The series continued with ...
The Indigenous science of controlled burns , Ross Eric Gibson, Local History. *. Love the VW Bus? The new electric version was ... All-electric Bonny Doon home opened to public. All-electric Bonny Doon home opened to public ... Love the VW Bus? The new electric version was just unveiled in Californias Surf City ... Love the VW Bus? The new electric version was just unveiled in Surf City ...
Electrical - AC & DC - Wiring, Junction Boxes, Switches, Receptacles, Fuses, Breakers, GFIS, Main & Sub Panels, Solar Energy, ... GFI burned up. sportsdadmi39 on 01-15-16 01-15-16 04:15 PM. by PJmax ... My electric socket tester shows that the hot and ground are reversed in a bedroo... ...
... call our Seattle burn accident lawyers at 888-539-9211 for a free consult to protect your rights. ... What Are Electrical Burns?. While serious burns are often the result of fires or chemicals, electrical burns are due to a ... Treatment For Electrical Burns. The damage caused by your electrical burns must be evaluated by a medical professional, who ... Burns are often categorized based on how deeply they penetrated into the body, but because electrical burns tend to go deeper ...
The Born is marketed in Ireland under the following model descriptions: Born 204hp 58kWh, Born eBoost 231hp 58kWh, Born eBoost ... CUPRAS Electric Era is Born.. Posted by Breda , Sep 26, 2022 , Car reviews, Electric, Hatch Back/Coupe, Homepage , 0 ... CUPRAs Electric Era is BORN.. Spanish brand CUPRA has launched its first fully-electric car in Ireland. Appropriately named ... The CUPRA Born is an excellent all-round fully-electric family car that is sure to be a huge success for the sporty CUPRA brand ...
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Russellville Electric Board receives risk management award. News. RHS Musical Theatre students perform spring sing. ... Oscar Burns Keller, 63, Haleyville, passed away Monday, Jan. 9, 2012, at Lakeland Community Hospital. ...
  • She blames her "catastrophic burn injuries" on the failure of the so-called safety features, which failed to lock the lid or prevent her from opening the pressure cooker until all of the pressure was released. (
  • There are several types of electrical burns which cause injuries of varying type and severity. (
  • When a current of electricity arcs over the skin, victims may suffer burn injuries from the intense heat of the arc. (
  • When electrical burn injuries are caused by the negligence of another person or the manufacturer of a defective product, burn injury victims may have a claim for money damages against the party responsible for their injuries. (
  • If you've suffered an electrical burn in a West Virginia construction accident or elsewhere, find out if you're entitled to compensation for your injuries by contacting the aggressive and effective Martinsburg personal injury lawyers at Burke, Schultz, Harman & Jenkinson for a no-cost consultation. (
  • Also referred to as direct contact burns, true electrical injuries occur when a victim comes into direct contact with the electrical source, such as exposed or faulty wires. (
  • 9. Electrical injury is frequently associated with explosions or falls that can cause additional severe injuries. (
  • Background: Electrical burn injuries are still amongst the highest accident-related morbidities. (
  • In majority, 65% of the cases fasciotomies were done within 48 hrs of electrical burn injuries. (
  • Conclusion: The results of the study concluded that younger generation is more prone to electrical burn injuries and males were majorly affected. (
  • Electrical injuries in the workplace. (
  • Electrical injuries consist of four main types: electrocution (fatal), electric shock, burns and falls caused as a result of contact with electrical energy. (
  • Electrical Injuries in the Workplace in Illinois: In Illinois, there were a total of 10 occupational fatalities due to exposure to electricity and 80 nonfatal occupational injuries from exposure to electricity in 2011. (
  • Burns are injuries of the skin involving the two layers: the thin, outer epidermis and the thicker, deeper dermis. (
  • This activity describes the pathophysiology, epidemiology, clinical presentation, evaluation, and management of burns and the importance of the interprofessional team in educating patients to prevent such injuries and effective management of such patients. (
  • Describe the pathophysiology, and classification of burn injuries. (
  • Burn injuries more commonly affect people of low and middle income and people in low-income countries. (
  • Electrical burns can be deceiving with small entry and exit wounds, however, there may be extensive internal organ injury or associated traumatic injuries. (
  • Most burns are small and superficial causing only local injuries. (
  • Key factors in the history include the type of burn, possible inhalation injury, and possible associated traumatic injuries. (
  • Burns are one of the most harmful and is non-invasive but only detects bacteria complex physical injuries [ 2 ]. (
  • These burns occur when victims make contact with a power source that is emitting 500 volts or less of electricity. (
  • When electricity arcs from a powerful source of electricity, such as heavy industrial equipment, the current may arc through the air and make full or partial contact with a nearby person and cause intense burns. (
  • Electricity can cause two types of burns: electrical burns from direct contact with current and thermal burns from arc flashes and blasts. (
  • Heat, electricity, contact with hard or rough surfaces (friction), and some common household chemicals can all cause burns. (
  • When the electrical energy passes through the body, it can severely burn the point of contact - often, a hand or foot - as well as the inside of the body as the electricity moves throughout it. (
  • While the electricity does not directly flow through the victim's body, the arc flash can cause low-voltage burns, ranging from first- to third-degree burns. (
  • Small fires can occur as a result of electricity coming into contact with nearby fabric and clothing, burning the individual wearing it. (
  • Although it is less common for Seattle residents, lightning bolts can cause short but high-voltage bursts of electricity to pass through the body, causing minor burns. (
  • The damage caused by your electrical burns must be evaluated by a medical professional, who will often determine a treatment plan based on both the internal trauma you have suffered from the electricity and the severity of the burn. (
  • March 28, 2023 - A woman who was seriously burned when she opened the lid on her Cuisinart Pressure Cooker has filed a pressure cooker lawsuit against the manufacturer. (
  • After an electrical burn injury, contact a Martinsburg electrocution attorney at Burke, Schultz, Harman & Jenkinson in Martinsburg for a free evaluation of your case. (
  • The cause of death as determined by autopsy and listed on the death certificate was thermal burns as a consequence of an electrical flash fire. (
  • Thermal burns are the most common type of burn. (
  • Flame and scald burns are the leading cause of burns in children and adults. (
  • More adults are injured with flame burns while children younger than five years old are more often injured with scald burns. (
  • Death is more likely with increased severity of burns, the percent of body area affected and age. (
  • The intense heat and light emitted by an arc flash can cause severe burns, destroying skin and tissue. (
  • 3. The intense heat may melt metal electrical components and blast molten droplets considerable distances. (
  • These self-contained casings, which were made of hard rubber, emitted intense heat when burned. (
  • The plaintiff, Victoria L., is a woman from Moss Point, Mississippi, who alleges that she was burned by a "dangerously defective" Cuisinart Electric Pressure Cooker (Model CPC-600) . (
  • Low-voltage burns may only involve 500 or fewer volts, but they can still be extremely damaging, especially if the victim has any underlying health conditions, and they can be the results of defective household appliances. (
  • In contrast, high-voltage burns can be caused by high-powered electrical equipment, including defective generators, industrial power tools and power lines. (
  • In many cases, victims may not appear to have suffered a serious injury, as high-voltage burns don't always leave visible burns on the skin. (
  • High-voltage burns tend to cause greater internal damage to victims' organs and bodily tissues. (
  • Six patients (15.4%) had TBSAs ≥30%, 31 (79.5%) had third degree burns, and 8 (20.5%) had fourth degree burns. (
  • Because of the amount of energy involved in an electrical injury, victims often suffer third-degree burns and even fourth-degree burns, which can extend down to the nerves and bones. (
  • Appropriately named 'Born', this rear-wheel drive hatchback is a sister model of the Volkswagen ID. (
  • A 38-year old employee of a process equipment manufacturer was severely burned while attempting to test an electrical power circuit. (
  • These burns tend to damage the skin only. (
  • Burns are often categorized based on how deeply they penetrated into the body, but because electrical burns tend to go deeper into the body, treatment plans must adapt to accommodate for internal and external trauma. (
  • Alkali burns tend to be more severe causing more penetration deeper into the skin by liquefying the skin (liquefaction necrosis). (
  • My Cupra Born includes. (
  • Cupra Born When this new Cupra Born breaks down, you can get it fixed at a Cupra garage for free! (
  • ROAD TAX Full road tax for whole contract On this new Cupra Born deal, you get road tax in the post every year it is due. (
  • This is a low-cost rental on a Personal Contract Hire from Ling on a New Cupra Born. (
  • The company's presence at this motor show coincides with the planned international launch of the CUPRA Born, the brand's first 100% electric vehicle, which will hit the market from November. (
  • CUPRA has started to produce its first 100% electric car, the CUPRA Born, at the Zwickau factory in Germany. (
  • The CUPRA Born is inspired by the vitality and spirit of Barcelona's El Born neighbourhood, as well as being produced with sustainable materials and a net CO² neutral concept. (
  • The CUPRA Born proves that performance and electrification are a perfect combination. (
  • Our 1st 100% electric car, the CUPRA Born has now started its international launch. (
  • CUPRA has unveiled for the first time in Spain the most radical interpretation of the company's urban electric car, the CUPRA UrbanRebel concept. (
  • Spanish brand CUPRA has launched its first fully-electric car in Ireland. (
  • CUPRA is an unconventional and emotionally-charged brand, which is defined by the progressive design and performance of its electric models, and the new Born joins the Leon, Ateca and Formentor in their European model range. (
  • The fastest version of the CUPRA Born gets a 231hp electric motor, with a 204hp version also available now, and a 150hp variant due to be released later this year. (
  • What separates the CUPRA Born from its VW Group relatives is the cars standard Dynamic Chassis Control: a platform which sits 15mm lower at the front axle and 10mm lower at the rear axle, along with Electronic Stability Control (ESC) with its own unique application which allows more cross-axle slip than other VW Group models. (
  • For now, all CUPRA Born variants send power to their rear wheels, but it is likely that CUPRA will launch an all-wheel drive Born that will use the same powertrain as its Volkswagen ID.4 and ID.5 GTX relatives. (
  • My test car was a CUPRA Born 204hp (201bhp) 58kWh which looked striking in its Aurora Blue premium metallic paintwork with optional 20" HURRICANE Sport Black machined aero alloy wheels. (
  • The Born also has the same range of battery sizes as the ID.3: either 45kWh (late 2022), 58kWh or 77kWh capacity. (
  • The Born is marketed in Ireland under the following model descriptions: Born 204hp 58kWh, Born eBoost 231hp 58kWh, Born eBoost 231hp (4 seat) 77kWh, and Born eBoost 231hp (5 seat) 77kWh. (
  • Because of this, these burns often go well past third-degree burns and lead to catastrophic internal trauma in addition to the damage to the skin, which often results in scarring. (
  • The Consequences of Arc Flash Burns Are Severe Physically, victims may suffer from chronic pain and scarring. (
  • Bacterial colonization and invasive as extent and depth of injury, patient age, bacterial infection are still major problems associated conditions and the presence of in the treatment of burn victims. (
  • Electrical shocks can be extremely dangerous, causing nerve damage, soft tissue damage, internal organ damage and, in almost every occasion, catastrophic burns. (
  • All these instances can result in catastrophic burns that require extensive treatment, both for the physical effects of the burns and the emotional trauma. (
  • The mean total burned body surface area (TBSA) was 19.3±9.8 (range, 4-44). (
  • Second is the extent of the burn usually expressed as the percentage of total body surface area (%TBSA) involved. (
  • Don't overload electrical outlets by using too many extension cords or electrical receptacle multipliers. (
  • Keep electrical cords out of children's reach. (
  • Electrical burns don't require a victim to make direct contact with an electrified object, but instead can occur anytime the body comes in contact with an electric current. (
  • Most friction burns that occur in young children aren't serious. (
  • Although almost 50% of electrocutions occur in the construction industry, they are specific to electrical tasks. (
  • or flame burns from ignition of combustibles. (
  • In addition to the hazards listed in the table above, other potential AM hazards may come from the use of electrical machinery itself, such as shock or mechanical injury during maintenance and malfunction. (
  • It is not uncommon for electrical burns to lead to severe scarring and disfigurement , which may require skin grafting and plastic surgery to fully heal. (
  • However, burns can be larger and deeper, and patients can also have a systemic response to severe burns. (
  • If the patient appears to have burns classified as severe, then the approach should be like that of a major trauma patient (see Burns, Resuscitation, and Management chapter). (
  • In most cases, low-voltage burns cause damage to the skin but do not harm internal organs or deeper tissues. (
  • A chemical burn on the skin is often deeper and larger than it may first appear. (
  • Avoid electrical hazards at home and at work. (
  • Orange marks dangerous exposed machine parts or electrical hazards. (
  • Aggressive resuscitation, nutritional support, thorough surgical excision of infected wounds, early wound closure, grafting and the development of effective topical and systemic chemotherapy have largely improved morbidity and mortality rates of burn patients. (
  • various species of organisms from the It is important to ascertain the cause surface burn wounds were roughly pro- of the burn because this may be helpful portional to those from blood specimens or in determining burn depth. (
  • Both types of electrical burns require immediate medical treatment to determine the extent of the internal trauma and prevent costly scars. (
  • There are various types of burns. (
  • Sensing current flow proved inadequate when operating on a high-resistivity surface such as asphalt , but electric field measurement was more reliable, performing well on several different surface types. (
  • A retrospective analysis of 98 patients with high-voltage electrical burns admitted to our hospital from January 2021 to April 2022. (
  • Infection is the ma- jor cause of morbidity and mortality in burns. (
  • Burn injury facts: arc flash/blast. (
  • If you suffered an electrical burn because of a negligent individual's actions, then you deserve full and proper compensation for your losses in the form of a personal injury claim. (
  • An electrical injury is damage to the skin or internal organs when a person comes into direct contact with an electrical current. (
  • Electrical burn injury was assessed at the time of admission. (
  • Contact with electrical current can produce serious injury. (
  • 86% of burns are caused by thermal injury, while about 4% are electrical and 3% are chemical. (
  • Acid burns penetrate less because they cause a coagulation injury (coagulation necrosis). (
  • The stimulus triggers an electrical impulse that travels through nerves from the site of the injury or diseased area to the spinal cord and up to the brain. (
  • A chemical burn may be serious because of the action of the corrosive or irritating chemicals on the skin. (
  • While serious burns are often the result of fires or chemicals , electrical burns are due to a victim directly coming into contact with an electrical current. (
  • That said, there are cases of dental equipment causing oral burns in adults. (
  • The electric power industry is rapidly transforming, driven by growth in distributed generation, the deployment of electric vehicle (EV) charging stations, increased reliability and resiliency requirements, and more. (
  • DO NOT get within 20 feet (6 meters) of a person who is being electrocuted by high-voltage electrical current (such as power lines) until the power is turned off. (
  • Sensing electric current flow through mobile equipment chassis and measuring electric field strength between equipment chassis and ground were studied as possible techniques for detecting power line contact. (
  • The injured worker was burned over 50% of his body and died 18 days later. (
  • Market growth can be attributed to factors such as rising incidence of burns, increasing healthcare expenditure, favorable government initiatives, increasing number of emergency centers and burn units, and growing awareness regarding treatment options. (
  • City-dwellers around the world are astonished to see how clean their air suddenly became once people stopped burning so many fossil fuels by driving gasoline vehicles for hours a day and powering stores with coal. (
  • And that's not counting full-blown dementia, in which dirty air caused by burning gasoline and coal is also implicated. (
  • These burns can range from burns to the skin to burns that damage bones and internal organs. (
  • The partial-thickness burns segment is expected to account for the largest share in 2016, owing to the increasing usage of advanced dressings and biologics such as skin grafts and substitutes. (
  • Factors such as increasing demand for biologics like skin grafts and its substitutes and high usage of advanced dressings in the U.S. are driving growth in the North American burn care market. (
  • DO NOT remove dead skin or break blisters if the person has been burned. (
  • Dermal corrosives are substances that can cause burns or permanent scarring to the skin. (
  • Following a comprehensive review in 2002, ICCVAM recommended three in vitro methods-EPISKIN™, EpiDerm™, and the rat skin transcutaneous electrical resistance assay-that could be used for classification and labeling of potential dermal corrosives without further testing. (
  • The European Centre for the Evaluation of Alternative Methods (ECVAM, now known as EURL ECVAM) conducted validation studies of the suitability of three in vitro methods for identification of substances with the potential to cause human skin corrosion: EpiDerm™, EPISKIN™, and the rat skin transcutaneous electrical resistance assay. (
  • The rat skin transcutaneous electrical resistance assay is described in OECD Test Guideline 430 . (
  • Electrical current passing through a person's body may injure blood vessels, nerves, and muscles. (
  • 10. Have lockout or tagout on electrical equipment. (
  • Direct contact with electrical current can be deadly. (
  • 1. If you can do so safely, turn off the electrical current. (
  • Construction trades are generally most affected by deadly and disabling contacts with electric current. (
  • These are burns which result from direct contact with a higher source of voltage. (
  • Avoid using electrical appliances while showering or wet. (
  • Electrical burns can be classified as either low or high voltage, depending on the amount of voltage distributed by the electrical source and how long the victim was in contact with the source. (
  • Examination of the burn can be done in the patient's secondary survey. (
  • Infections acquired from hospital or from the patient's own endogenous flora have a significant prevalence after burns. (
  • The concept is rooted in cup racing, which is part of CUPRA's DNA, and will be an emotional and sporty car, different to the conventional urban electric vehicles. (
  • Chemical burns are divided into acid or alkali burns. (
  • Aim: To assess the demographic profile as well as to study outcomes of early fasciotomy in salvage acute electrical burns involving upper limbs. (
  • Ensure that high voltage electrical circuits are properly labeled. (
  • On July 25, 1978, Louise Joy Brown, the world's first baby to be conceived via in vitro fertilization (IVF) is born at Oldham and District General Hospital in Manchester, England, to parents Lesley and Peter Brown. (
  • Chemical burns need evaluation and treatment. (
  • Call the Poison Control Center at 800-222-1222 for specific treatment for a chemical burn. (
  • Burns can result from contact with a solid, powdered, or liquid chemical. (
  • First is the type of burn such as thermal, chemical, electrical or radiation. (
  • Based on the depth of burn, the burn care market is segmented into minor, partial-thickness, and full-thickness burns. (
  • While some electrical burns look minor, there still may be serious internal damage, especially to the heart, muscles, or brain. (
  • Because most burns are small and classified as minor burns, the history and physical can proceed as usual. (
  • An arc flash can ignite or melt clothing, resulting in further burns. (
  • When he attempted to check the fuse on this circuit an electrical arc ionized the air in the cabinet and a flash fire occurred. (
  • In reality, she claims that the pressure cooker is dangerous because consumers can easily twist open the lid with normal force when there is still a dangerous amount of pressure inside, which can result in an explosion of burning-hot food, liquid, and/or steam. (
  • Most common in children, oral electrical burns are frequently the result of biting into an electrical cord. (