A republic in western Africa, south and east of MALI and west of NIGER. Its capital is Ouagadougou. It was formerly called Upper Volta until 1984.
A republic in western Africa, lying between GHANA on its west and BENIN on its east. Its capital is Lome.
The geographical area of Africa comprising BENIN; BURKINA FASO; COTE D'IVOIRE; GAMBIA; GHANA; GUINEA; GUINEA-BISSAU; LIBERIA; MALI; MAURITANIA; NIGER; NIGERIA; SENEGAL; SIERRA LEONE; and TOGO.
A fulminant infection of the meninges and subarachnoid fluid by the bacterium NEISSERIA MENINGITIDIS, producing diffuse inflammation and peri-meningeal venous thromboses. Clinical manifestations include FEVER, nuchal rigidity, SEIZURES, severe HEADACHE, petechial rash, stupor, focal neurologic deficits, HYDROCEPHALUS, and COMA. The organism is usually transmitted via nasopharyngeal secretions and is a leading cause of meningitis in children and young adults. Organisms from Neisseria meningitidis serogroups A, B, C, Y, and W-135 have been reported to cause meningitis. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp689-701; Curr Opin Pediatr 1998 Feb;10(1):13-8)
Strains of Neisseria meningitidis responsible for most outbreaks of meningococcal disease in Western Europe and the United States in the first half of the 20th century. They continue to be a major cause of disease in Asia and Africa, and especially localized epidemics in Sub-Sahara Africa.
Strains of Neisseria meningitidis found mostly in Africa.
Bloodsucking flies of the genus Glossina, found primarily in equatorial Africa. Several species are intermediate hosts of trypanosomes.
Painful URINATION. It is often associated with infections of the lower URINARY TRACT.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM. This is the severest form of malaria and is associated with the highest levels of parasites in the blood. This disease is characterized by irregularly recurring febrile paroxysms that in extreme cases occur with acute cerebral, renal, or gastrointestinal manifestations.
Pesticides designed to control insects that are harmful to man. The insects may be directly harmful, as those acting as disease vectors, or indirectly harmful, as destroyers of crops, food products, or textile fabrics.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
A species of mosquito in the genus Anopheles and the principle vector of MALARIA in Africa.
The status of health in rural populations.
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
The development by insects of resistance to insecticides.
Agents used in the treatment of malaria. They are usually classified on the basis of their action against plasmodia at different stages in their life cycle in the human. (From AMA, Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1585)
The presence of parasites (especially malarial parasites) in the blood. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.
A long acting sulfonamide that is used, usually in combination with other drugs, for respiratory, urinary tract, and malarial infections.
The active insecticidal constituent of CHRYSANTHEMUM CINERARIIFOLIUM flowers. Pyrethrin I is the pyretholone ester of chrysanthemummonocarboxylic acid and pyrethrin II is the pyretholone ester of chrysanthemumdicarboxylic acid monomethyl ester.
A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.
Domesticated farm animals raised for home use or profit but excluding POULTRY. Typically livestock includes CATTLE; SHEEP; HORSES; SWINE; GOATS; and others.
A 4-aminoquinoline compound with anti-inflammatory properties.
One of the FOLIC ACID ANTAGONISTS that is used as an antimalarial or with a sulfonamide to treat toxoplasmosis.
The prototypical antimalarial agent with a mechanism that is not well understood. It has also been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and in the systemic therapy of amebic liver abscesses.
A species of protozoa that is the causal agent of falciparum malaria (MALARIA, FALCIPARUM). It is most prevalent in the tropics and subtropics.
Articles of cloth, usually cotton or rayon and other synthetic or cotton-blend fabrics, used in households, hospitals, physicians' examining rooms, nursing homes, etc., for sheets, pillow cases, toweling, gowns, drapes, and the like.
A republic in western Africa, north of NIGERIA and west of CHAD. Its capital is Niamey.
A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.
The complex of political institutions, laws, and customs through which the function of governing is carried out in a specific political unit.

Transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 through breast-feeding: how can it be prevented? (1/443)

One-third to two-thirds of maternal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection to breast-fed infants can be attributed to ingestion of breast milk. The presence of HIV-1 as cell-free and as cell-associated virus in milk has been documented. Several substances in breast milk may be protective against transmission, including maternal anti-HIV antibodies, vitamin A, lactoferrin, and secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor. The portal of virus entry in the infant's gastrointestinal tract is unknown but may involve breaches in mucosal surfaces, transport across M cells, or direct infection of other epithelial cells, such as enterocytes. Timing of transmission of HIV-1 during lactation should be further clarified. An early rebound of plasma viremia after withdrawal of antiretrovirals was recently detected. This rebound may reduce the benefit of antiretroviral prophylaxis when women breast-feed their infants. Interventions should be viewed from the public health perspective of risks of infant morbidity and mortality associated with breast-feeding versus risks from formula-feeding.  (+info)

Increasing the utilization of cost-effective health services through changes in demand. (2/443)

Attaining efficiency in a health care system with a budget constraint involves increasing the utilization of the most cost-effective services. This can be achieved by adjustments to prices, cost curves, or demand curves. In this paper, the potential for demand curve adjustments is examined by selecting two apparently cost-effective services (prenatal care and childhood immunization against tuberculosis), and analyzing the factors explaining their utilization. Data from recent household surveys in Burkina Faso and Niger are used. A multivariate analysis of utilization employs income, price, and taste variables. Utilization is highly sensitive to the distance which must be travelled to the health facility, a price, and taste variables. Utilization is highly sensitive to the distance which must be travelled to the health facility, a price variable. Members of certain ethnic groups tend to use the services less, other things being equal. The importance of demand-side factors like ethnicity points to certain kinds of policy interventions like information, education and communication activities which could increase the utilization of cost-effective services.  (+info)

Research note: price uncertainty and the demand for health care.(3/443)

 (+info)

Dirt and diarrhoea: formative research in hygiene promotion programmes. (4/443)

Investment in the promotion of better hygiene for the prevention of diarrhoeal diseases and as a component of water and sanitation programmes is increasing. Before designing programmes capable of sustainably modifying hygiene behaviour in large populations, valid answers to a number of basic questions concerning the site and the intended beneficiaries have to be obtained. Such questions include 'what practices favour the transmission of enteric pathogens?', 'what advantages will be perceived by those who adopt safe practices?' and 'what channels of communication are currently employed by the target population?' A study of hygiene and diarrhoea in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, used a mixture of methods to address such questions. This paper draws on that experience to propose a plan of preliminary research using a variety of techniques which could be implemented over a period of a few months by planners of hygiene promotion programmes. The techniques discussed include structured observation, focus group discussions and behavioural trials. Modest investment in such systematic formative research with clear and limited goals is likely to be repaid many times over in the increased effectiveness of hygiene promotion programmes.  (+info)

Performance of village pharmacies and patient compliance after implementation of essential drug programme in rural Burkina Faso. (5/443)

After implementation of a nation-wide essential drug programme in Burkina Faso a prospective study was undertaken consisting of non-participant observation in the health centre and in the village pharmacy, and of household interviews with the patients. The study covered all general consultations in nine health centres in three districts over a two-week period as well as all client-vendor contacts in the corresponding village pharmacies; comprising 313 patients in consultations and 498 clients in eight village pharmacies with 12 vendors involved in dispensing 908 drugs. Additionally patients were interviewed in their households. Performance and utilization of the village pharmacy: 82.0% of the drugs prescribed in the health centres were actually dispensed at the village pharmacy, 5.9% of the drugs were not available at the village pharmacy. Wrong drugs were dispensed in 2.1% of cases. 41.3% of the drugs dispensed in the village pharmacy were bought without a prescription. Differences are seen between the district and are put in relation to different onset of the essential drug programme. Patient compliance: Patients could recall the correct dosage for 68.3% of the drugs. Drug taking compliance was 63.1%, derived from the pills remaining in the households. 11.5% of the drugs had obviously been taken incorrectly to such an extent that the occurrence of undesired drug effects was likely. The study demonstrates the success of the essential drug programme not only in performance but also in acceptability and utilization by the population.  (+info)

Isolation and characterization of Desulfovibrio burkinensis sp. nov. from an African ricefield, and phylogeny of Desulfovibrio alcoholivorans. (6/443)

A sulfate-reducing bacterium, strain HDvT (T = type strain), was isolated from an anoxic ricefield soil. Cells were Gram-negative, non-sporulating curved rods motile by means of a single polar flagellum. Cytochrome c3 and desulfoviridin were present. In the presence of sulfate, glycerol, 1,2- and 1,3-propanediol, dihydroxyacetone, pyruvate, lactate, fumarate, maleate, malate and succinate were incompletely oxidized mainly to acetate. Sulfite, thiosulfate, elemental sulfur, fumarate, maleate and malate were utilized as alternative electron acceptors. In the absence of added electron acceptors, pyruvate, fumarate, maleate, malate and dihydroxyacetone were fermented. The DNA base composition was 67 mol% G + C. The phylogenetic, phenotypic and physiological characteristics of strain HDvT indicate that it is a new species of the genus Desulfovibrio, for which the name Desulfovibrio burkinensis sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is HDvT (= DSM 6830T). Phylogenetic analysis confirmed that Desulfovibrio alcoholivorans was a distinct species supporting the previously published phenotypic data.  (+info)

Population biology of human onchocerciasis. (7/443)

Human onchocerciasis (river blindness) is the filarial infection caused by Onchocerca volvulus and transmitted among people through the bites of the Simulium vector. Some 86 million people around the world are at risk of acquiring the nematode, with 18 million people infected and 600,000 visually impaired, half of them partially or totally blind. 99% of cases occur in tropical Africa; scattered foci exist in Latin America. Until recently control programmes, in operation since 1975, have consisted of antivectorial measures. With the introduction of ivermectin in 1988, safe and effective chemotherapy is now available. With the original Onchocerciasis Control Programme of West Africa coming to an end, both the new African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control and the Onchocerciasis Elimination Programme for the Americas, rely heavily on ivermectin self-sustained mass delivery. In consequence, the need for understanding the processes regulating parasite abundance in human and simuliid populations is of utmost importance. We present a simple mathematical framework built around recent analyses of exposure- and density-dependent processes operating, respectively, within the human and vector hosts. An expression for the basic reproductive ratio, R0, is derived and related to the minimum vector density required for parasite persistence in localities of West Africa in general and northern Cameroon in particular. Model outputs suggest that constraints acting against parasite establishment in both humans and vectors are necessary to reproduce field observations, but those in humans may not fully protect against reinfection. Analyses of host age-profiles of infection prevalence, intensity, and aggregation for increasing levels of endemicity and intensity of transmission in the Vina valley of northern Cameroon are in agreement with these results and discussed in light of novel work on onchocerciasis immunology.  (+info)

Insecticide-treated curtains reduce the prevalence and intensity of malaria infection in Burkina Faso. (8/443)

A large, randomized controlled trial to investigate the impact of insecticide-treated curtains (ITC) on child mortality was conducted in an area of seasonal, holoendemic malaria in Burkina Faso. 158 communities totalling some 90,000 people were censused and grouped into 16 geographical clusters, 8 of which were randomly selected to receive ITC in June-July 1994, just prior to the rainy season. In September-October 1995, at the peak period of malaria transmission, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in 84 of the villages. A random sample of 905 children aged 6-59 months was identified and visited. 763 children (84%) were present at the time of the visit and recruited into the study. Mothers were asked about fever in the past 24 h, the child's temperature was taken, and a sample of blood collected to identify and quantify malaria infections and to measure haemoglobin (Hb) levels. Children protected by ITC were less likely to be infected with Plasmodium falciparum (risk ratio = 0.92; 95% CI 0.86, 0.98) or P. malariae (risk ratio = 0.42, 95% CI 0.19, 0.95). The mean intensity of P. falciparum infections was lower among children protected by ITC (899 vs. 1583 trophozoites/microliter; P < 0.001), while the mean Hb level was 0.4 g/dl higher (P < 0.001). While we found no evidence that ITC had an impact on the prevalence of malaria-associated fever episodes, the confidence intervals around our estimates of the impact of ITC on malaria morbidity were wide. We conclude that widespread implementation of ITC in this area of high malaria transmission led to a modest reduction in the prevalence of malaria infection and to a more substantial reduction in the intensity of these infections which caused increased Hb levels. We were unable to demonstrate any impact of ITC on malaria morbidity, but the wide confidence intervals around our point estimates do not preclude the possibility of a substantial impact.  (+info)

I apologize for any confusion, but "Burkina Faso" is not a medical term or concept. It is the name of a country located in West Africa. The name "Burkina Faso" translates to "Land of Incorruptible People" in Mossi and Dioula, two languages spoken in the region. The country was known as Upper Volta when it gained independence from France in 1960. It was renamed Burkina Faso in 1984 by then-President Thomas Sankara, who aimed to promote a sense of national identity and unity among the diverse population.

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country with a population of around 21 million people (as of 2021). It shares borders with six countries: Mali to the northwest, Niger to the northeast, Benin to the southeast, Togo and Ghana to the south, and Côte d'Ivoire to the southwest. The capital city is Ouagadougou.

The primary languages spoken in Burkina Faso are French (the official language), Mooré, Dioula, Fula, and Gourmanchéma. The country has a diverse cultural heritage with numerous ethnic groups, including the Mossi, Fulani, Bobo, Gurunsi, Senufo, and Lobi.

Burkina Faso faces various challenges, such as poverty, food insecurity, limited access to education, and health issues like malaria, HIV/AIDS, and neglected tropical diseases. The country also struggles with political instability and security threats from extremist groups operating in the Sahel region.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Togo" is not a medical term. It is the name of a country in West Africa, known officially as the Togolese Republic. If you have any questions about medical terminology or health-related topics, please don't hesitate to ask!

"Western Africa" is a geographical region that consists of several countries located in the western part of the African continent. The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 16 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo.

The region is characterized by a diverse range of cultures, languages, and ethnic groups, as well as a variety of landscapes, including coastal areas, savannas, and deserts. Western Africa has a rich history, with many ancient kingdoms and empires having existed in the region, such as the Ghana Empire, Mali Empire, and Songhai Empire.

In medical contexts, "Western Africa" may be used to describe the epidemiology, distribution, or characteristics of various health conditions or diseases that are prevalent in this geographical region. For example, certain infectious diseases such as malaria, HIV/AIDS, and Ebola virus disease are more common in Western Africa than in other parts of the world. Therefore, medical researchers and practitioners may use the term "Western Africa" to refer to the specific health challenges and needs of the populations living in this region.

Meningococcal meningitis is a specific type of bacterial meningitis caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis, also known as meningococcus. Meningitis refers to the inflammation of the meninges, which are the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. When this inflammation is caused by the meningococcal bacteria, it is called meningococcal meningitis.

There are several serogroups of Neisseria meningitidis that can cause invasive disease, with the most common ones being A, B, C, W, and Y. The infection can spread through respiratory droplets or direct contact with an infected person's saliva or secretions, especially when they cough or sneeze.

Meningococcal meningitis is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention. Symptoms may include sudden onset of fever, severe headache, stiff neck, nausea, vomiting, confusion, and sensitivity to light. In some cases, a rash may also develop, characterized by small purple or red spots that do not blanch when pressed with a glass.

Prevention measures include vaccination against the different serogroups of Neisseria meningitidis, maintaining good personal hygiene, avoiding sharing utensils, cigarettes, or other items that may come into contact with an infected person's saliva, and promptly seeking medical care if symptoms develop.

Neisseria meningitidis, Serogroup A is a subtype of the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis, also known as meningococcus. This bacterium can cause serious infections such as meningitis (inflammation of the lining surrounding the brain and spinal cord) and septicemia (bloodstream infection).

The serogroup A designation refers to the antigenic structure of the polysaccharide capsule that surrounds the bacterium. There are several serogroups of Neisseria meningitidis, including A, B, C, Y, and W. Each serogroup has a distinct polysaccharide capsule, which can be identified using specific antibodies.

Serogroup A Neisseria meningitidis is a significant cause of epidemic meningitis, particularly in the "meningitis belt" of sub-Saharan Africa. Vaccines are available to protect against serogroup A meningococcal disease, and mass vaccination campaigns have been successful in reducing the incidence of epidemics in this region.

Neisseria meningitidis, Serogroup W-135 is a subtype of the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis, also known as meningococcus. This gram-negative diplococcus is a leading cause of bacterial meningitis and sepsis worldwide. The serogroups of N. meningitidis are defined based on the chemical structure of their capsular polysaccharides, which are essential virulence factors.

Serogroup W-135 is one of the six primary serogroups (A, B, C, W, X, and Y) that account for nearly all meningococcal disease cases globally. The W-135 serogroup has been associated with several outbreaks and sporadic cases of meningitis and sepsis, particularly in the African "meningitis belt," which stretches across the continent from Senegal to Ethiopia. However, it can also cause disease in other parts of the world, including Europe, America, and Asia.

The W-135 serogroup has been a concern due to its association with travel and pilgrimages, such as the Hajj in Saudi Arabia. The Hajj-associated meningococcal disease outbreaks led to the introduction of vaccination requirements for international travelers attending the pilgrimage.

Vaccines are available to protect against N. meningitidis Serogroup W-135, and they are often combined with other serogroups (e.g., MenACWY or MenQuad) to provide broader protection against multiple serogroups. These vaccines have been instrumental in controlling outbreaks and reducing the overall burden of meningococcal disease worldwide.

Tsetse flies are not a medical condition but rather insects that can transmit diseases. Here is their medical relevance:

Tsetse flies (Glossina spp.) are large, biting flies found primarily in tropical Africa. They are vectors for African trypanosomiasis, also known as sleeping sickness in humans and Nagana in animals. The fly ingests the parasite when it takes a blood meal from an infected host, then transmits the disease to another host through its saliva during subsequent feedings. This makes tsetse flies medically relevant due to their role in spreading these diseases.

Dysuria is a medical term that describes painful or difficult urination. This symptom can be caused by various conditions, including urinary tract infections (UTIs), bladder infections, kidney stones, enlarged prostate, and certain sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Dysuria can also occur as a side effect of certain medications or medical procedures.

The pain or discomfort associated with dysuria can range from a burning sensation to a sharp stabbing pain, and it may occur during urination, immediately after urination, or throughout the day. Other symptoms that may accompany dysuria include frequent urination, urgency to urinate, cloudy or strong-smelling urine, blood in the urine, and lower abdominal or back pain.

If you are experiencing dysuria, it is important to seek medical attention promptly to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment. In many cases, dysuria can be treated effectively with antibiotics, medications, or other interventions.

Malaria, Falciparum is defined as a severe and often fatal form of malaria caused by the parasite Plasmodium falciparum. It is transmitted to humans through the bites of infected Anopheles mosquitoes. This type of malaria is characterized by high fever, chills, headache, muscle and joint pain, and vomiting. If left untreated, it can cause severe anemia, kidney failure, seizures, coma, and even death. It is a major public health problem in many tropical and subtropical regions of the world, particularly in Africa.

Insecticides are substances or mixtures of substances intended for preventing, destroying, or mitigating any pest, including insects, arachnids, or other related pests. They can be chemical or biological agents that disrupt the growth, development, or behavior of these organisms, leading to their death or incapacitation. Insecticides are widely used in agriculture, public health, and residential settings for pest control. However, they must be used with caution due to potential risks to non-target organisms and the environment.

A rural population refers to people who live in areas that are outside of urban areas, typically defined as having fewer than 2,000 residents and lacking certain infrastructure and services such as running water, sewage systems, and paved roads. Rural populations often have less access to healthcare services, education, and economic opportunities compared to their urban counterparts. This population group can face unique health challenges, including higher rates of poverty, limited access to specialized medical care, and a greater exposure to environmental hazards such as agricultural chemicals and industrial pollutants.

'Anopheles gambiae' is a species of mosquito that is a major vector for the transmission of malaria. The female Anopheles gambiae mosquito bites primarily during the nighttime hours and preferentially feeds on human blood, which allows it to transmit the Plasmodium parasite that causes malaria. This species is widely distributed throughout much of Africa and is responsible for transmitting a significant proportion of the world's malaria cases.

The Anopheles gambiae complex actually consists of several closely related species or forms, which can be difficult to distinguish based on morphological characteristics alone. However, advances in molecular techniques have allowed for more accurate identification and differentiation of these species. Understanding the biology and behavior of Anopheles gambiae is crucial for developing effective strategies to control malaria transmission.

Rural health is a branch of healthcare that focuses on the unique health challenges and needs of people living in rural areas. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines rural health as "the state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in the rural population."

Rural populations often face disparities in healthcare access and quality compared to their urban counterparts. Factors such as geographic isolation, poverty, lack of transportation, and a shortage of healthcare providers can contribute to these disparities. Rural health encompasses a broad range of services, including primary care, prevention, chronic disease management, mental health, oral health, and emergency medical services.

The goal of rural health is to improve the health outcomes of rural populations by addressing these unique challenges and providing high-quality, accessible healthcare services that meet their needs. This may involve innovative approaches such as telemedicine, mobile health clinics, and community-based programs to reach people in remote areas.

Malaria is not a medical definition itself, but it is a disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. Here's a simple definition:

Malaria: A mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by Plasmodium parasites, characterized by cycles of fever, chills, and anemia. It can be fatal if not promptly diagnosed and treated. The five Plasmodium species known to cause malaria in humans are P. falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, P. malariae, and P. knowlesi.

Insecticide resistance is a genetic selection process in insect populations that allows them to survive and reproduce despite exposure to insecticides. It's the result of changes in the genetic makeup of insects, which can be caused by natural selection when insecticides are used repeatedly. Over time, this leads to the prevalence of genes that provide resistance to the insecticide, making the pest control methods less effective. Insecticide resistance is a significant challenge in public health and agriculture, as it can reduce the efficacy of interventions aimed at controlling disease-carrying insects or protecting crops from pests.

Antimalarials are a class of drugs that are used for the prevention, treatment, and elimination of malaria. They work by targeting the malaria parasite at various stages of its life cycle, particularly the erythrocytic stage when it infects red blood cells. Some commonly prescribed antimalarials include chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, quinine, mefloquine, and artemisinin-based combinations. These drugs can be used alone or in combination with other antimalarial agents to increase their efficacy and prevent the development of drug resistance. Antimalarials are also being investigated for their potential use in treating other diseases, such as autoimmune disorders and cancer.

Parasitemia is a medical term that refers to the presence of parasites, particularly malaria-causing Plasmodium species, in the bloodstream. It is the condition where red blood cells are infected by these parasites, which can lead to various symptoms such as fever, chills, anemia, and organ damage in severe cases. The level of parasitemia is often used to assess the severity of malaria infection and to guide treatment decisions.

'Anopheles' is a genus of mosquitoes that are known for their role in transmitting malaria parasites to humans. These mosquitoes have a distinctive resting posture, with their abdomens raised and heads down, and they typically feed on human hosts at night. Only female Anopheles mosquitoes transmit the malaria parasite, as they require blood meals to lay eggs.

There are over 400 species of Anopheles mosquitoes worldwide, but only about 30-40 of these are considered significant vectors of human malaria. The distribution and behavior of these mosquitoes can vary widely depending on the specific species and geographic location.

Preventing and controlling the spread of malaria involves a variety of strategies, including the use of insecticide-treated bed nets, indoor residual spraying, antimalarial drugs, and vaccines. Public health efforts to reduce the burden of malaria have made significant progress in recent decades, but the disease remains a major global health challenge, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa.

Sulfadoxine is an antimicrobial drug, specifically a sulfonamide. It is defined in medical terms as a long-acting synthetic antibacterial that is used to treat and prevent various bacterial infections. Sulfadoxine works by inhibiting the growth of bacteria through interfering with their ability to synthesize folic acid, an essential component for their survival.

It is often combined with pyrimethamine (a dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor) to treat and prevent malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum, particularly in areas where there is resistance to other antimalarial drugs. The combination of sulfadoxine and pyrimethamine is known as a "sulfonamide-pyrimidine" or "SP" treatment.

Sulfadoxine should be used with caution, as it can cause serious side effects such as severe skin reactions, blood disorders, and allergic reactions. It is also not recommended for use in people who have an allergy to sulfonamides or who are breastfeeding infants younger than two months of age.

Pyrethrins are a group of naturally occurring organic compounds extracted from the flowers of Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium and Chrysanthemum coccineum. They have been used for centuries as insecticides due to their ability to disrupt the nervous system of insects, leading to paralysis and death. Pyrethrins are composed of six esters, pyrethrin I and II, cinerin I and II, and jasmolin I and II, which have different insecticidal properties but share a similar mode of action. They are commonly used in household insect sprays, pet shampoos, and agricultural applications to control a wide range of pests. However, pyrethrins can be toxic to fish and some beneficial insects, so they must be used with caution.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Ghana" is not a medical term. It is the name of a country located in West Africa, known officially as the Republic of Ghana. If you have any questions about medical terms or conditions, I would be happy to help with those!

I apologize for any confusion, but "livestock" is not a term that has a medical definition. It is an agricultural term that refers to animals that are kept or raised on a farm or ranch for commercial purposes, such as the production of food, fiber, or labor. Examples of livestock include cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, poultry, and horses. I hope this clarifies any confusion. If you have any questions related to medical terminology, I would be happy to help.

Amodiaquine is an antimalarial medication used to prevent and treat malaria caused by the Plasmodium falciparum parasite. It works by inhibiting the growth of the parasite in red blood cells. Amodiaquine is often used in combination with other antimalarial drugs, such as artesunate or chloroquine.

The chemical name for amodiaquine is 4-[(7-chloro-4-quinolinyl)methyl]-1-(4-amino-1-methylbutyl)piperazine and it has the molecular formula C18H24ClN3O. It is available in the form of tablets for oral administration.

Like all medications, amodiaquine can cause side effects, including nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and headache. In rare cases, it can cause more serious side effects such as liver damage, abnormal heart rhythms, and blood disorders. It is important to take amodiaquine exactly as directed by a healthcare provider and to report any unusual symptoms or side effects promptly.

It's important to note that Amodiaquine is not available in all countries and it's use is limited due to the risk of severe side effects, especially when used alone. It should be used only under the supervision of a healthcare provider and with regular monitoring of blood cells, liver function and heart activity.

Pyrimethamine is an antiparasitic medication that is primarily used to treat and prevent protozoan infections, such as toxoplasmosis and malaria. It works by inhibiting the dihydrofolate reductase enzyme, which is essential for the parasite's survival. By doing so, it interferes with the synthesis of folate, a vital component for the growth and reproduction of the parasite.

Pyrimethamine is often used in combination with other medications, such as sulfonamides or sulfones, to increase its effectiveness and prevent the development of drug-resistant strains. Common side effects of pyrimethamine include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, and headache. It is important to note that pyrimethamine should only be used under the supervision of a healthcare professional due to its potential for serious side effects and interactions with other medications.

Chloroquine is an antimalarial and autoimmune disease drug. It works by increasing the pH or making the environment less acidic in the digestive vacuoles of malaria parasites, which inhibits the polymerization of heme and the formation of hemozoin. This results in the accumulation of toxic levels of heme that are harmful to the parasite. Chloroquine is also used as an anti-inflammatory agent in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, discoid or systemic lupus erythematosus, and photodermatitis.

The chemical name for chloroquine is 7-chloro-4-(4-diethylamino-1-methylbutylamino)quinoline, and it has a molecular formula of C18H26ClN3. It is available in the form of phosphate or sulfate salts for oral administration as tablets or solution.

Chloroquine was first synthesized in 1934 by Bayer scientists, and it has been widely used since the 1940s as a safe and effective antimalarial drug. However, the emergence of chloroquine-resistant strains of malaria parasites has limited its use in some areas. Chloroquine is also being investigated for its potential therapeutic effects on various viral infections, including COVID-19.

'Plasmodium falciparum' is a specific species of protozoan parasite that causes malaria in humans. It is transmitted through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes and has a complex life cycle involving both human and mosquito hosts.

In the human host, the parasites infect red blood cells, where they multiply and cause damage, leading to symptoms such as fever, chills, anemia, and in severe cases, organ failure and death. 'Plasmodium falciparum' malaria is often more severe and life-threatening than other forms of malaria caused by different Plasmodium species. It is a major public health concern, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions of the world where access to prevention, diagnosis, and treatment remains limited.

'Bedding and linens' is a term that refers to the items used to cover, clean, and maintain beds and other furniture in medical and residential settings. These items include:

1. Sheets: These are flat pieces of cloth that are placed on top of the mattress and beneath the blankets or comforters. They come in various sizes (twin, full, queen, king) to fit different mattress sizes.
2. Blankets/Comforters: These are thicker, often quilted or filled, pieces of fabric that provide warmth and comfort to the user.
3. Pillows and pillowcases: Pillows are used to support the head and neck during sleep, while pillowcases are the removable covers that protect the pillows from dirt, sweat, and stains.
4. Mattress pads/protectors: These are additional layers placed between the mattress and the sheets to provide extra protection against spills, stains, or allergens.
5. Bed skirts: These are decorative pieces of fabric that cover the space between the box spring and the floor, hiding any storage area or providing a more finished look to the bed.
6. Towels and washcloths: While not directly related to the bed, these linens are often included in the 'bedding and linens' category as they share similar cleaning and maintenance requirements.

In medical settings, such as hospitals and nursing homes, strict infection control protocols are followed for handling, washing, and storing bedding and linens to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Niger" is not a medical term. It is the name of a country located in West Africa, officially known as the Republic of Niger. If you have any questions about medical terminology or health-related topics, please provide more details and I would be happy to help.

I am not aware of a specific medical definition for "democracy" as it is a political science term. However, democracy generally refers to a system of government in which power is vested in the people, who rule either directly or through freely elected representatives. It is based on the principles of equality, freedom, and the rule of law.

In the context of healthcare, the concept of democracy may refer to the idea of patient-centered care, where patients are actively involved in decision-making about their own health and healthcare. This approach recognizes the importance of individual autonomy, informed consent, and shared decision-making between patients and healthcare providers. It also emphasizes the need for transparency, accountability, and responsiveness in healthcare systems and organizations.

Therefore, while "democracy" may not have a specific medical definition, its principles are relevant to the provision of high-quality, ethical, and compassionate healthcare.

An encyclopedia is a comprehensive reference work containing articles on various topics, usually arranged in alphabetical order. In the context of medicine, a medical encyclopedia is a collection of articles that provide information about a wide range of medical topics, including diseases and conditions, treatments, tests, procedures, and anatomy and physiology. Medical encyclopedias may be published in print or electronic formats and are often used as a starting point for researching medical topics. They can provide reliable and accurate information on medical subjects, making them useful resources for healthcare professionals, students, and patients alike. Some well-known examples of medical encyclopedias include the Merck Manual and the Stedman's Medical Dictionary.

I must clarify that I'm a helpful assistant and not a doctor, but I can tell you that 'politics' is not a term used in medicine. Politics refers to the activities associated with the governance of a country or area, especially the debate or conflict among individuals or groups having or hoping to achieve power. If you have any medical questions, feel free to ask!

MedlinePlus is not a medical term, but rather a consumer health website that provides high-quality, accurate, and reliable health information, written in easy-to-understand language. It is produced by the U.S. National Library of Medicine, the world's largest medical library, and is widely recognized as a trusted source of health information.

MedlinePlus offers information on various health topics, including conditions, diseases, tests, treatments, and wellness. It also provides access to drug information, medical dictionary, and encyclopedia, as well as links to clinical trials, medical news, and patient organizations. The website is available in both English and Spanish and can be accessed for free.

The Federal Government, in the context of medical definitions, typically refers to the national government of a country that has a federal system of government. In such a system, power is divided between the national government and regional or state governments. The Federal Government is responsible for matters that affect the entire nation, such as foreign policy, national defense, and regulating interstate commerce, including certain aspects of healthcare policy and regulation.

In the United States, for example, the Federal Government plays a significant role in healthcare through programs like Medicare, Medicaid, and the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which are designed to ensure access to affordable healthcare services for specific populations or address broader health reform initiatives. The Federal Government also regulates food and drugs through agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). These federal entities work to ensure the safety, efficacy, and security of medical products, foods, and public health.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "government" is a political or administrative concept and does not have a medical definition. In general, it refers to the group of people who govern a community or country, or the system by which they govern. This could include elected officials, appointed leaders, and bureaucracies that oversee various functions such as public health, education, and infrastructure. However, in the context of your question, I assume you may be interested in how government policies and systems can impact health and healthcare. If you have any specific questions related to this or another topic, please let me know!

Cricket is also picking up in Burkina Faso with Cricket Burkina Faso running a 10 club league. The music of Burkina Faso ... Africa portal Index of Burkina Faso-related articles Outline of Burkina Faso "Burkina Faso". The World Factbook (2023 ed.). ... Burkina Faso at Curlie Burkina Faso profile from the BBC News. Wikimedia Atlas of Burkina Faso News headline links from ... "Burkina Faso", U.S. Department of State, June 2008. Burkina Faso. The World Factbook "Country Narrative - Burkina Faso". gvnet. ...
... is a town in the Bagré Department of Boulgou Province in south-eastern Burkina Faso. As of 2005, the town ... Burkina Faso articles missing geocoordinate data, All articles needing coordinates, Articles missing coordinates without ...
Burkina Faso), Tapoa Province, All stub articles, Est Region, Burkina Faso, geography stubs). ... Botou is a town in the Botou Department of Tapoa Province in eastern Burkina Faso. The town has a population of 1,173. ...
Burkina Faso), Passoré Province, All stub articles, Burkina Faso geography stubs). ... Yako is a town in northern Burkina Faso, the capital of Passoré Province. It lies 109 kilometres (68 mi) north-west of ... localities in Burkina Faso "Temperature, Climograph, Climate table for Yako". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2018-02-15. v t e ( ...
Yaho is a town in the Yaho Department of Balé Province in south-western Burkina Faso. The town has a population of 3583 and is ...
Nerthulag, Burkina Faso EraEra, Burkina Faso Beka is located approximately 8 km east of Zabre and has a population as of 2010 ... Beka is a town in the Zabré Department of Boulgou Province in south-eastern Burkina Faso. As of 2005, the town has a population ...
... is a village in Rollo Department of Bam Province in northern Burkina Faso, West Africa. It has a population ... It is accessed by a track from Rollo and is very remote, even by the standards of northern Burkina Faso. There are no vehicles ...
Burkina Faso), All stub articles, Est Region, Burkina Faso, geography stubs). ... Pama is a town located in the province of Kompienga in Burkina Faso. It is the capital of Kompienga Province. Citypopulation.de ... localities in Burkina Faso 11°15′N 0°42′E / 11.250°N 0.700°E / 11.250; 0.700 v t e (Articles with short description, Short ...
Biba is a town in the Yaba Department of Nayala Province in north-western Burkina Faso. The town has a population of 3,479. " ...
Bayé is a town in the Solenzo Department of Banwa Province in western Burkina Faso. As of 2005 it had a population of 5,478. ...
Thy is a village in the Tansila Department of Banwa Province in western Burkina Faso. As of 2005 it had a population of 435. ... Burkina Faso articles missing geocoordinate data, All articles needing coordinates, Articles missing coordinates without ...
Yoba is a village in the Tikare Department of Bam Province in northern Burkina Faso. It has a population of 609. Also Pelos is ...
Koin is a village in the province of Nayala in Burkina Faso. Koin has a population of 3.330. "LISTE DES VILLAGES DE LA REGION ... Government of Burkina Faso. Archived from the original on 24 January 2008. Retrieved 12 January 2013. v t e 12°43′10″N 2°50′31″ ...
Banga is a town in the Bilanga Department of Gnagna Province, Burkina Faso. The town is located in the east of the country and ... Burkina Faso), Gnagna Province, All stub articles, Gnagna Province geography stubs). ...
Neiba is a village in the Coalla Department of Gnagna Province in eastern Burkina Faso. The village has a population of 691. ... Burkina Faso articles missing geocoordinate data, All articles needing coordinates, Articles missing coordinates without ... Burkina Faso), Gnagna Province, All stub articles, Gnagna Province geography stubs). ...
... is a village in the Bourzanga Department of Bam Province in northern Burkina Faso. It has a population of ... Burkina Faso articles missing geocoordinate data, All articles needing coordinates, Articles missing coordinates without ...
... is a town in the Pella Department of Boulkiemdé Province in central western Burkina Faso. It has a ...
Yama is a village in the Méguet Department of Ganzourgou Province in central Burkina Faso. The village has a population of 212 ...
... is a village in the Nassere Department of Bam Province in northern Burkina Faso. It has a population of 634 ... Burkina Faso articles missing geocoordinate data, All articles needing coordinates, Articles missing coordinates without ...
Zampa is a town in the Bittou Department of Boulgou Province in south-eastern Burkina Faso. As of 2005, the town has a ... Burkina Faso articles missing geocoordinate data, All articles needing coordinates, Articles missing coordinates without ...
Sangou is a town in the Zabré Department of Boulgou Province in south-eastern Burkina Faso. As of 2005, the town has a ...
... is a village in the Bourzanga Department of Bam Province in northern Burkina Faso. It has a population of ...
... is a town in the Bogandé Department of Gnagna Province in eastern Burkina Faso. The town has a population ... Burkina Faso articles missing geocoordinate data, All articles needing coordinates, Articles missing coordinates without ... Burkina Faso), Gnagna Province, All stub articles, Gnagna Province geography stubs). ...
Oury is a town in the Oury Department of Balé Province in southern Burkina Faso. It is the capital of the Oury Department and ...
... is a town in the Thion Department of Gnagna Province in eastern Burkina Faso. The town has a population of ... "Liste Des Villages De La Region De L'Est". Inforoute-communale.gov.bf (in French). Burkina Faso. Archived from the original on ... Burkina Faso), Gnagna Province, All stub articles, Gnagna Province geography stubs). ...
Daze is a village in the Tenkodogo Department of Boulgou Province in south-eastern Burkina Faso. As of 2005, the village has a ... Burkina Faso articles missing geocoordinate data, All articles needing coordinates, Articles missing coordinates without ...
Douma is a town in the Tansila Department of Banwa Province in western Burkina Faso. As of 2005 it had a population of 1,154. ...
... is a village in the Iolonioro Department of Bougouriba Province in south-western Burkina Faso. The village ... Burkina Faso articles missing geocoordinate data, All articles needing coordinates, Articles missing coordinates without ... Burkina Faso), Bougouriba Province, All stub articles, Bougouriba Province geography stubs). ...
Siby is a town in the Siby Department of Balé Province in south-western Burkina Faso. The town has a population of 3723. ...
Ton is a village in the Fara Department of Balé Province in southern Burkina Faso. The village has a total population of 2,065 ...
BURKINA FASO PILOTING PrEP. For the past four months, Benjamin Sana has been regularly attending the Oasis Clinic in ... They have come for a workshop run by the Association Espoir pour Demain (AED) in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, which aims to ... The hyperactive human rights advocacy worker from Burkina Faso recalls going to a training event and chiding some of the men ... There were 94 000 [72 000 - 120 000] people living with HIV in Burkina Faso in 2017. The HIV prevalence rate among adults aged ...
moon, lunar, phase, phases, phaze, phases of the Moon, new, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, full, coming, historic, future, past, Burkina Faso
Cricket is also picking up in Burkina Faso with Cricket Burkina Faso running a 10 club league. The music of Burkina Faso ... Africa portal Index of Burkina Faso-related articles Outline of Burkina Faso "Burkina Faso". The World Factbook (2023 ed.). ... Burkina Faso at Curlie Burkina Faso profile from the BBC News. Wikimedia Atlas of Burkina Faso News headline links from ... "Burkina Faso", U.S. Department of State, June 2008. Burkina Faso. The World Factbook "Country Narrative - Burkina Faso". gvnet. ...
... région du Burkina Faso; rehiyon; region i Burkina Faso; Burkina Faso; область в Буркина-Фасо; Region von Burkina Faso; region ... of Burkina Faso; regiono de Burkino; rexión de Burkina Faso; Region Este; 東部地方; Région Est; Est Eskualdea; Восточная; Восточный ... nowiki,Región Este; Ekialdea; Regió Est; Est; Източен регион; Est; აღმოსავლეთი რეგიონი; 東部地方 (ブルキナファソ); Est, Burkina Faso; מחוז ... Burkina Faso; Est Region; 東部大區; Rytų regionas; Est Bölgesi; 東部大區; Est; مشرقی علاقہ; Est; Est; Est; 東部大區; Istočna regija
Burkina Faso, Geography of Burkina Faso, History of Burkina Faso and Politics of Burkina Faso ... Burkina Faso - Burkina Faso. Burkina Faso, previously Upper Volta, is a landlocked nation in West Africa. It is surrounded by ... Departments of Burkina Faso History maps. This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Burkina ... Le Burkina Faso, également appelé Burkina, auparavant la République de Haute-Volta jusquen 1984, est un pays dAfrique de ...
Yambo, Burkina Faso is a town in the Bagré Department of Boulgou Province in south-eastern Burkina Faso. As of 2005, the town ... Burkina Faso articles missing geocoordinate data, All articles needing coordinates, Articles missing coordinates without ...
Camera AccessoriesCamera AccessoriesDiscover Sonys wide range of camera accessories, from camera flash to shooting grip, and from shotgun microphone, vertical grip to battery and case. Learn more now!}
Find local weather forecasts for Toesse, Burkina Faso throughout the world ...
Ten police officers were killed and three wounded in an ambush Thursday in northwestern Burkina Faso, the west African ... Burkina Faso has been increasingly hit by deadly attacks over the last three years. ...
Additional delivery information for Burkina Faso. Bank Holidays & Non-Working Days. *Bank Holidays for this year in Burkina ... Additional delivery information for Burkina Faso. Bank Holidays & Non-Working Days. *Bank Holidays for this year in Burkina ... Exporting to Burkina Faso requires customs paperwork for most items. *In order to check that your items are not prohibited or ... Exporting to Burkina Faso requires customs paperwork for most items. *In order to check that your items are not prohibited or ...
The name Burkina Faso, which means "Land of Incorruptible People," was created by combining words of the Mossi and Bobo peoples ...
Human Rights Watch , 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor , New York, NY 10118-3299 USA , t 1.212.290.4700 ...
Burkina Faso Latest World additions:. 231001: Oto Shopping 4 on Thaicom 6. 231001: Oto Shopping 1 on Thaicom 6. 231001: TV ... Hit Radio Burkina Faso. 20.0 E. Arabsat 5C. EMEA. 3827 L. DVB-S2. ...
Burkina Fasos economy was (and to a large degree, still is) dominated by cotton. As part of his bid to promote local industry ... Burkina Faso was a hub for the illicit trade in arms and diamonds that helped facilitate West Africas bloody conflicts in and ... Burkina Fasos parliament has just granted immunity from prosecution to President Blaise Compaore and all of the countrys ... Burkina Fasos cotton industry has been crippled by massive US government subsidies for cotton farmers that serve to suppress ...
One of the poorest countries in the world, Burkina Faso is a former French colony in Western Africa that has traditionally sent ... One of the poorest countries in the world, Burkina Faso is a former French colony in Western Africa that has traditionally sent ... Burkina Faso, and Niger. Recognized as the "W" Transboundary Biosphere Reserve in 2002, this vast territory and surrounding ...
... Updated: 2022-12-10 Prawo , Abortion Pills , Local Organizations , Community Comments , Scam List ... www.howtouseabortionpill.org/abortion-laws-by-country/burkina-faso/ ... 02.10.2022/safe2choose: https://safe2choose.org/abortion-information/countries/burkina-faso. *02.10.2022/howtouseabortionpill: ... 2022/WHO, Global Abortion Policies Database: https://abortion-policies.srhr.org/country/burkina-faso/ ...
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso repatriates fourteen military trainees trained in Côte dIvoire Burkina Faso has decided to ... Burkina Faso Burkina Faso: more than 350 deaths from dengue fever in a month An epidemic of dengue fever, a mosquito-borne ... Burkina Faso: ex-minister sentenced to 7 years in prison for misappropriation of public funds 18/08 - 16:10 ... Burkina Faso: former president Thomas Sankara elevated to the rank of national hero 05/10 - 16:24 ...
Burkina Fasos first plastic recycling centre is paving the way for a new kind of development project. It provides a money ... Burkina Faso: Protecting the Environment by Profiting from Garbage .... Burkina Faso: Protecting the Environment by Profiting ... Burkina Fasos first plastic recycling centre is paving the way for a new kind of development project. It provides a money ... Burkina Faso is one of the worlds poorest countries. The project works by creating an economic incentive to collect plastic ...
To respond to the food crisis in Burkina Faso, the United Nations humanitarian chief today stressed the importance of building ... She cites that thile they are very appreciative of the people and Government of Burkina Faso, they are worried about a number ... With drought and rising food prices have taken their toll in Burkina Faso, food crisis has engulfed the region affecting some ... Amos and Burkina Fasos Minister for Territorial Administration, Security and Decentralization launched an appeal for $126 ...
The Violence Prevention Information System (Violence Info) collates published scientific information on the main types of interpersonal violence. This includes information on prevalence, consequences, risk factors, and prevention and response strategies. It also describes what countries report about their actions to address violence. This version contains most of the major features, but remains a work in progress with more studies to be added. User feedback is welcome, including suggestions for features and additional studies, provided they meet the inclusion criteria (see methodology section on the About page).
Average Rain and Groundwater, Burkina Faso. Year: 2020. From collection: Sanitation and Wastewater Atlas of Africa - Country ...
Burkina Faso, a landlocked country bordering the Sahara Desert, was one of the poorest countries in the world when the compact ... Learn how MCC and Burkina Faso agreed to adjust compact targets due to changes in estimated costs and project progress. ... The Rural Land Governance Project to address issues related to farmers in Burkina Faso lacking legal recognition of land rights ... In 2008, MCC partnered with Burkina Faso to implement a five-year, $480 million compact that invested in agriculture, land ...
For more than 20 years, French beauty brand LOccitane has had a relationship with women who make shea butter in Burkina Faso, ...
Green Works Based on Labour-Intensive Local Technologies in Burkina Faso .... Green Works Based on Labour-Intensive Local ... Demi-lunes (half-moons) in Songodin, Burkina Faso.© ILO-Filinfo, 2022 Context:. The Sahel is faced with increasing ... Human-powered pump for drinking water in Songodin, Burkina Faso. ©ILO-Filinfo, 2022. On the sites, previously barren land has ... Women creating a diguette en terre (earth dike) in Sambtenga, Burkina Faso. ©ILO-Filinfo, 2022. Activities and Achievements:. ...
Burkina Faso - Rapport National COP13 - Liste des espèces de lAnnexe I. 129.24 KB. ... Burkina Faso - Rapport National COP13 - Liste des espèces de lAnnexe II. 191.8 KB. ...
Our Sahel programme operates in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger and Senegal. In Burkina Faso, the project is implemented in three ... In Burkina Faso, more than 10 in every 1,000 children die before their fifth birthday. Malnutrition accounts for a third of ... In Burkina Faso, we aim to develop transformational solutions to climate variability and disasters for one million Burkinabe ... We work with communities in Burkina Faso to help them develop farming techniques which are profitable and can withstand the ...
4256E: 4256 x 2832 pixel CMOS sensor, 36.0mm x 23.9mm, total pixels: 12.87 million, Nikon FX ...
Africas premier B2B news site across 18 industries. Your sectors news, opinions, research, events, jobs and companies.
  • Burkina Faso's military seized power in a coup d'état on 23-24 January 2022, overthrowing President Roch Marc Kaboré. (wikipedia.org)
  • US government subsidies have been blamed for crippling Burkina Faso's cotton industry. (newint.org)
  • Burkina Faso's parliament has just granted immunity from prosecution to President Blaise Compaore and all of the country's other presidents since independence. (newint.org)
  • Burkina Faso's economy was (and to a large degree, still is) dominated by cotton. (newint.org)
  • Burkina Faso's cotton industry has been crippled by massive US government subsidies for cotton farmers that serve to suppress the global price of cotton to levels so low that growing cotton even in impoverished Burkina Faso is barely viable. (newint.org)
  • Burkina Faso's first plastic recycling centre is paving the way for a new kind of development project. (ilo.org)
  • Plastic litter, scattered by wind and rain across Burkina Faso's capital Ouagadougou. (ilo.org)
  • On her two-day visit to country, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Valerie Amos met with Burkina Faso's President Blaise Compaore and other Government officials, with whom she discussed the Government's response plans and review the current efforts of humanitarian agencies based in the country. (newsblaze.com)
  • Earlier this this week, Ms. Amos and Burkina Faso's Minister for Territorial Administration, Security and Decentralization launched an appeal for $126 million dollars for dealing with the food and nutrition insecurity. (newsblaze.com)
  • Gen. Gilbert Diendere sits at the presidential palace in Ouagadougou on Sept. 17, 2015 after Burkina Faso's presidential guard declared a coup, a day after seizing the interim president and senior government members. (ibtimes.com)
  • Burkina Faso's coup leader General Gilbert Diendere has been charged with crimes threatening state security and murder. (ibtimes.com)
  • The UN Security Council on Wednesday expressed "serious concern" over Burkina Faso's "unconstitutional change of government" last month and called for the "release and protection of President Roch Marc Christian Kabore and other government officials. (turkishpress.com)
  • Roughly 20% of Burkina Faso's total land area is considered arable. (worldatlas.com)
  • The World Bank estimated that in 2007, roughly 20% of Burkina Faso's total land area was considered arable. (worldatlas.com)
  • Over Burkina Faso's history, some measures have been taken to improve the country's agricultural industry. (worldatlas.com)
  • One of Burkina Faso's most important crops is cotton which is primarily grown for the export market. (worldatlas.com)
  • Cotton in Burkina Faso gained prominence during the colonial period since the French colonial government realized the benefits that cotton could have to Burkina Faso's growing economy. (worldatlas.com)
  • Burkina Faso's cotton sector was too rigidly structured to cope with the volatility in the global cotton industry. (worldatlas.com)
  • Sorghum is one of Burkina Faso's most important subsistence crops since it is the nation's staple food. (worldatlas.com)
  • Minerals are some of Burkina Faso's most critical natural resources since they contribute significantly to the country's gross domestic product. (worldatlas.com)
  • Several experts believe that the mining industry has the potential to be one of Burkina Faso's most essential industries. (worldatlas.com)
  • The weeklong FESPACO that opens Saturday in violence-torn Burkina Faso's capital goes beyond that to also offer hope, and a symbol of endurance: In years of political strife and Islamic extremist attacks, which killed thousands and displaced nearly 2 million in the West African country, it's never been canceled. (arabnews.com)
  • At least 70 soldiers were killed in two attacks earlier this month in Burkina Faso's Sahel region. (arabnews.com)
  • The briefing traces the rapid decline of Burkina Faso's cotton crop following the introduction of GM Bt cotton. (theecologist.org)
  • Yet within a few months Mali's entire product had been sold on the international market, while most of Burkina Faso's languished awaiting export. (theecologist.org)
  • The story of the decline of Burkina Faso's cotton points to a problem with the GM process in general - that of 'pleiotropic' effects, which means that the inserted GM gene influences other seemingly unrelated genes. (theecologist.org)
  • Meanwhile Burkina Faso's cotton companies have lost patience and have taken matters into their own hands. (theecologist.org)
  • These data summarize vaccine introduction status in Burkina Faso's in the national immunization programme. (who.int)
  • Burkina Faso's head of state officially established the Institut National de Santé Publique of Burkina in July 2018 by signing legislation that merged three existing public health research centers and created three new directorates: emergency operations center, central reference laboratory, and Public Health and Population Observatory. (cdc.gov)
  • For the past four months, Benjamin Sana has been regularly attending the Oasis Clinic in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, where he sees a doctor who gives him a full check-up. (unaids.org)
  • Made from 100% recycled plastic in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. (ilo.org)
  • 2030 Indicators in Burkina Faso and the city of Ouagadougou is with the support and partnership of the Ministry of Culture, Arts, and Tourism and the Mayor's Office of Ouagadougou city with UNESCO. (unesco.org)
  • As part of the preparatory phase, Burkina Faso and the city of Ouagadougou organized their kick off workshop on 7 October 2021, gathering 60 participants, including representatives and institutions from the national and local authorities, as well as civil society organizations, academics, the private sector, and other competent entities whose work is informed by culture and heritage. (unesco.org)
  • The capital of Burkina Faso is Ouagadougou, which is in the centre region of the country. (hostelz.com)
  • Burkina Faso plays host to the International Arts and Crafts Fair, in Ouagadougou, better known by its French name, Le Salon International de L'Artisanat de Ouagadougou. (hostelz.com)
  • Rasmata Ouédraogo-Traoré PhD is the Chief of the Medical Analysis Laboratory of the Charles De Gaulle Pediatric Hospital, which houses the National Reference Laboratory for meningitis in Burkina Faso, and a professor of bacteriology-virology, medical sciences and pharmacy at the University of Ouagadougou. (cdc.gov)
  • Burkina-Faso : notice d' information à l' usage des agents de la Coopération, 1990 / Ambassade de France à Ouagadougou, Mission de coopération et d' action culturelle. (who.int)
  • Biomolecular Research Center Pietro Annigoni (CERBA), BP 364 Ouagadougou 01, Burkina Faso. (bvsalud.org)
  • WASHINGTON, September 28, 2023 - The World Bank today approved $200 million in financing from the International Development Association (IDA)* for the Secondary Cities Urban Mobility and Development Project in Burkina Faso. (worldbank.org)
  • French: [buʁkina faso], Fula: 𞤄𞤵𞤪𞤳𞤭𞤲𞤢 𞤊𞤢𞤧𞤮) is a landlocked country in West Africa with an area of 274,200 km2 (105,900 sq mi), bordered by Mali to the northwest, Niger to the northeast, Benin to the southeast, Togo and Ghana to the south, and the Ivory Coast to the southwest. (wikipedia.org)
  • Burkina Faso , previously Upper Volta, is a landlocked nation in West Africa. (wikimedia.org)
  • The winds of change that blew through north Africa and the Middle East in 2011 also blew through Burkina Faso, with protests over rising prices and unemployment, and mutiny by parts of the armed forces, but Compaore appears (for now) to have weathered the storm. (newint.org)
  • One of the poorest countries in the world, Burkina Faso is a former French colony in Western Africa that has traditionally sent thousands of seasonal migrants to Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana. (migrationpolicy.org)
  • For more than 20 years, French beauty brand L'Occitane has had a relationship with women who make shea butter in Burkina Faso, a landlocked country in West Africa, by purchasing the raw material at a fair price. (theglobeandmail.com)
  • The economy of Burkina Faso, like most of the economies in Africa, is hugely dependent on its natural resources. (worldatlas.com)
  • According to research by the Food and Agricultural Organization cotton in Burkina Faso was likely introduced from two areas either the eastern section of Africa or from India . (worldatlas.com)
  • In a move that could help decide the future of GM crops in Africa, Burkina Faso has abandoned GM Bt cotton. (theecologist.org)
  • Burkina Faso is a small country in West Africa. (hostelz.com)
  • Burkina Faso is also ranked as the most illiterate country in Africa. (hostelz.com)
  • Possible Impact of COVID-19 on Children in Africa, Reflections from Italy and Burkina Faso. (bvsalud.org)
  • They had gathered at a health drop-in centre that also acts as a network hub for various HIV networks in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, to discuss the following evening's plan: HIV testing among their peers at selected sites. (unaids.org)
  • They have come for a workshop run by the Association Espoir pour Demain (AED) in Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, which aims to create a space for young people to learn about sexual health and to train some to become peer educators. (unaids.org)
  • Ten police officers were killed and three wounded in an ambush Thursday in northwestern Burkina Faso, the west African country's security ministry said. (voanews.com)
  • Coup leader Lt. Col. Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba has been recognized as the president of Burkina Faso since January when President Roch Kabore was deposed, the West African country's Constitutional Council said in a statement Thursday. (turkishpress.com)
  • Some of the crops grown in Burkina Faso are considered perennial crops and they cover approximately 13% of the country's total agricultural area. (worldatlas.com)
  • After Burkina Faso gained independence, the government focused on growing the country's cotton industry. (worldatlas.com)
  • Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) achieved independence from France in 1960. (cia.gov)
  • Previously called Republic of Upper Volta (1958-1984), it was renamed Burkina Faso by President Thomas Sankara. (wikipedia.org)
  • Formerly the Republic of Upper Volta, the country was renamed "Burkina Faso" on 4 August 1984 by then-President Thomas Sankara. (wikipedia.org)
  • A former French African republic, Burkina Faso used to be known as the Republic of Upper Volta, but was renamed in 1984 to mean "the land of the upright people" in the two most popular native languages, Mossi and Dioula. (hostelz.com)
  • Several militias, partly allied with the Islamic State (IS) or al-Qaeda, operate in Burkina Faso and across the border in Mali and Niger. (wikipedia.org)
  • Le Burkina Faso est limitrophe de six pays : le ► Mali au nord, le ► Niger à l'est, le ► Bénin au sud-est, le ► Togo et le ► Ghana au sud et la ► Côte d'Ivoire au sud-ouest. (wikimedia.org)
  • The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) said that at least 15 million people are estimated to be at risk of food insecurity in Sahel region, including 5.4 million people in Niger, three million in Mali, 1.7 million in Burkina Faso and 3.6 million in Chad, as well as hundreds of thousands in Senegal, the Gambia, and Mauritania. (newsblaze.com)
  • Our Sahel programme operates in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger and Senegal. (christianaid.org.uk)
  • The yield in Burkina Faso was high - in the most recent growing season, it produced over 700,000 MT of cotton, while neighbouring Mali produced only 500,000 MT. (theecologist.org)
  • Fécondité au Burkina Faso : niveaux, tendances et facteurs explicatifs : Atelier régional d' analyse des enquêtes démographiques et de santé pour l' Afrique francophone du 24 mai au 16 juillet 1993, Bamako, Mali / présenté par Sinare Tinga et Ouoba Pagari. (who.int)
  • In Burkina Faso, we aim to develop transformational solutions to climate variability and disasters for one million Burkinabe through improved climate prediction, behaviour change and the sharing of expertise and resilience technology. (christianaid.org.uk)
  • Due to the close historical ties between Burkina Faso and France , the French government contributed vast sums of money to develop the Burkinabe cotton sector. (worldatlas.com)
  • Burkina Faso has been severely affected by the rise of Islamist terrorism in the Sahel since the mid-2010s. (wikipedia.org)
  • These traditional techniques are well-known in the northern regions of Burkina Faso and the Sahel in general. (ilo.org)
  • To support the wider use of these techniques as part of the GGW initiative, the EIIP implemented a pilot project in the Centre-Nord Region and the Northern Region of Burkina Faso, as part of a regional joint program initiated by the United Nations System in the Sahel. (ilo.org)
  • The Bura culture was an Iron-Age civilization centred in the southwest portion of modern-day Niger and in the southeast part of contemporary Burkina Faso. (wikipedia.org)
  • Land is the basis of nearly all economic activities from farming to financial speculation on cotton production - in and along the periphery of an internationally protected park that spans parts of Benin, Burkina Faso, and Niger. (migrationpolicy.org)
  • In May 2022, the ILO's Employment Intensive Investment Programme (EIIP) initiated a project in Burkina Faso to demonstrate, document, and analyse traditional soil restoration techniques to capture the necessary data on costs, inputs and labour productivity needed for formulation, planning and implementation of policies and programme at a larger and more systematic scale. (ilo.org)
  • Visit the Burkina Faso country page for more data and related resources. (unaids.org)
  • To respond to the food crisis in Burkina Faso, the United Nations humanitarian chief today stressed the importance of building resilience in the country for future emergencies. (newsblaze.com)
  • Despite the vast amount of arable land in Burkina Faso, the country is not considered self-sufficient in agriculture. (worldatlas.com)
  • Burkina Faso achieved peak sorghum production in 2010 when the country produced nearly 2,000,000 tons of sorghum. (worldatlas.com)
  • The world has painted Burkina Faso as a red country. (arabnews.com)
  • Get the mobile country codes for calling Montserrat from Burkina Faso. (countrycallingcodes.com)
  • We hope Country Calling Codes has been of help to you in finding the Montserratian calling code for your international call from Burkina Faso to Montserrat. (countrycallingcodes.com)
  • This study is based on a panel survey of 10,800 households from the sub-Saharan African country of Burkina Faso. (lu.se)
  • In Burkina Faso, the project is implemented in three regions: East, Centre North and North. (christianaid.org.uk)
  • Results of search for 'su:{Burkina Faso. (who.int)
  • Le Burkina Faso , également appelé Burkina, auparavant la République de Haute-Volta jusqu'en 1984, est un pays d'Afrique de l'Ouest sans accès à la mer. (wikimedia.org)
  • There were 94 000 [72 000 - 120 000] people living with HIV in Burkina Faso in 2017. (unaids.org)
  • In 2017, the International Monetary Fund ranked Burkina Faso as the 171st largest economy in the world by its per capita gross domestic product which was roughly $1,884. (worldatlas.com)
  • From 1960 to 2016, sorghum production in Burkina Faso fluctuated greatly. (worldatlas.com)
  • Le Profil de Santé du Burkina Faso présente un aperçu de la situation et des tendances des problèmes de santé prioritaires, ainsi que le profil du système de santé, y compris une description des cadres institutionnels, des tendances de la réponse nationale, et des principaux problèmes et défis. (who.int)
  • The largest ethnic group in Burkina Faso is the Mossi people, who settled the area in the 11th and 13th centuries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name Burkina Faso , which means "Land of Incorruptible People," was created by combining words of the Mossi and Bobo peoples. (britannica.com)
  • According to Al Jazeera , Diendere led a coup in Burkina Faso and took over as head of the National Democratic Council along with members of the powerful Presidential Security Regiment (RSP), who took interim President Michel Kafando and Prime Minister Isaac Zida hostage on Sept. 16. (ibtimes.com)
  • ECOWAS, which suspended Burkina Faso from its governing bodies following the coup, has asked the military authorities to rapidly propose a timetable for the restoration of constitutional order. (turkishpress.com)
  • National Influenza Reference Laboratory, Unité des Maladies à Potentiel Epidémique, Maladies Émergentes et Zoonoses, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé. (bvsalud.org)
  • The northwestern part of present-day Burkina Faso was populated by hunter-gatherers from 14,000 BCE to 5000 BCE. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wolfram Vetter, the European Union ambassador in Burkina Faso, called the film festival "an important contribution to peace and reconciliation in Burkina Faso and beyond. (arabnews.com)
  • The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration on Thursday affirmed that Ghana's Ambassador to Burkina Faso, Chief Dauda Mandiaya Bawumia was safe and had not been subject to any personal attack. (ghanabusinessnews.com)
  • During the 1980s, cotton growing in Burkina Faso declined sharply due to several factors with the main one being the decline in global cotton prices. (worldatlas.com)
  • The Lobi, an etnie of Burkina Faso characterized by a stable and well developed social structure has as its main religious and esthetic manifestation the creation an extremely expressive statuary once that it incorporates the spirits of their ancestrals and the historical memory of their own people. (bvsalud.org)
  • Arable land for growing crops such as cotton and sorghum and mineral deposits such as gold are the major natural resources of Burkina Faso. (worldatlas.com)
  • After a run of low quality GM cotton crops with unusually short fibres, Burkina Faso has ended its love affair with Monsanto's Bt cotton, writes Claire Robinson. (theecologist.org)
  • Here, we compare the situation in severely hit Italy with that in less hit Burkina Faso , focussing on the differences in epidemiological, geographical, demographical, cultural and medical conditions to highlight how a full-blown war on the pandemic can impact on other, equally important aspects of global child health . (bvsalud.org)
  • Burkina Faso is a member of the United Nations, La Francophonie and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. (wikipedia.org)
  • The study uses a nationally representative panel survey of farmers, collected by the National Institute of Statistics and Demography in Burkina Faso. (lu.se)
  • With drought and rising food prices have taken their toll in Burkina Faso, food crisis has engulfed the region affecting some 2.8 million people. (newsblaze.com)
  • She cites that thile they are very appreciative of the people and Government of Burkina Faso, they are worried about a number of things. (newsblaze.com)
  • The livelihoods of the most vulnerable people in 353 targeted villages in Burkina Faso are improved by appropriate and sustainable interventions to reduce their vulnerability to variability, climate extremes and disasters. (christianaid.org.uk)
  • I would like the people of Burkina Faso to find a solution to this crisis through dialogue. (ibtimes.com)
  • Burkina Faso is one of the least developed countries, with a GDP of $16.226 billion. (wikipedia.org)
  • This section holds a short summary of the history of the area of present-day Burkina Faso, illustrated with maps, including historical maps of former countries and empires that included present-day Burkina Faso. (wikimedia.org)
  • Burkina Faso is one of the world's poorest countries. (ilo.org)
  • Like its neighbouring countries, Burkina Faso is experiencing rising temperatures, making it more vulnerable to drought. (christianaid.org.uk)
  • Many hope FESPACO will help boost domestic unity and strengthen ties with other countries, at a time when anti-French sentiment is on the rise in Burkina Faso. (arabnews.com)
  • Burkina Faso is one of the most impoverished countries in the world. (hostelz.com)
  • The Constitutional Council also indicated that as of Jan. 24, 2022, Lieutenant-Colonel Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba is president of Faso. (turkishpress.com)
  • Between September 2021 and February 2022, oropharyngeal and/or nasopharyngeal swab samples of consecutively selected COVID-19 symptomatic and apparently healthy workers from the Wahgnion mining site in the South-western Burkina Faso who consented to the study were collected according to the two weeks shift program and tested for SARS-CoV-2 using RT-PCR assay. (bvsalud.org)
  • Mutinous soldiers in Burkina Faso also attacked Ghanaian traders at the Ghana-Burkina Faso border. (ghanabusinessnews.com)
  • Traditional restoration techniques used in the project included the demi-lune (half-moon), zai (soil pits), diguette en pierres (stone dike), diguette en terre (earthen dike) and digue filtrante (filter dike), all of which can help retain nutrients and rainfall, thus restoring the degraded land. (ilo.org)
  • Based on labour-intensive local restoration technologies, the Burkina Faso project would support the region's environmental rehabilitation. (ilo.org)
  • The project planned to use traditional techniques to restore 42 hectares of degraded land in Burkina Faso, as a demonstration for more widespread use of these techniques and their benefits. (ilo.org)
  • He liberalized and privatized, and made Burkina Faso one of the first 'beneficiaries' of the debt relief and poverty reduction programs of the IMF and World Bank. (newint.org)
  • We list every single hostel in Burkina Faso and the world. (hostelz.com)
  • Burkina Faso has been increasingly hit by deadly attacks over the last three years. (voanews.com)
  • Occult Hepatitis B Virus Infection and Associated Genotypes among HBsAg-negative Subjects in Burkina Faso. (bvsalud.org)
  • The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of SARSCoV-2 infection in Burkina Faso and to use the initial cycle threshold (Ct) values of RT-PCR as a tool to monitor the dynamics of the viral load . (bvsalud.org)
  • When Burkina Faso first grew GM Bt cotton in field trials, officials were initially satisfied with the quality of the cotton, the briefing states. (theecologist.org)
  • Western-friendly Compaore immediately assumed power and has been president of Burkina Faso ever since. (newint.org)
  • Interim President Michel Kafando was reportedly reinstated two weeks ago after the Burkina Faso army intervened. (ibtimes.com)
  • Water is a very rare resource in Burkina Faso," said Salif Samake, the club's president, in an interview ahead of a UN conference on water opening in New York on Wednesday. (modernghana.com)
  • The experience of Burkina Faso makes clear that focus on yield is not the defining factor of a crop's success. (theecologist.org)
  • travellers to Burkina Faso can experience both. (hostelz.com)
  • To better develop leadership and management, DGHP also supported a peer to peer visit for Burkina Faso NPHI leadership to France and Belgium. (cdc.gov)
  • Burkina Faso is an African nation that is situated on the western edge of the continent where it spans an area of roughly 106,000 square miles. (worldatlas.com)