A plant genus of the family APIACEAE that is the source of bupleurum root and of bupleurotoxin and is an ingredient of sho-saiko-to.
A pentacyclic triterpene that occurs widely in many PLANTS as the free acid or the aglycone for many SAPONINS. It is biosynthesized from lupane. It can rearrange to the isomer, ursolic acid, or be oxidized to taraxasterol and amyrin.
The aglucon moiety of a saponin molecule. It may be triterpenoid or steroid, usually spirostan, in nature.
A type of glycoside widely distributed in plants. Each consists of a sapogenin as the aglycone moiety, and a sugar. The sapogenin may be a steroid or a triterpene and the sugar may be glucose, galactose, a pentose, or a methylpentose.
A plant genus of the family GENTIANACEAE. It is a source of swertiapuniside and IRIDOID GLYCOSIDES.

B-cell proliferation activity of pectic polysaccharide from a medicinal herb, the roots of Bupleurum falcatum L. and its structural requirement. (1/36)

Pectic polysaccharide fraction (BR-2) containing pharmacologically active pectic polysaccharide, bupleuran 2IIc, which was prepared from a medicinal herb, the roots of Bupleurum falcatum L., was administered orally to C3H/HeJ mice for 7 consecutive days. Proliferative responses of spleen cells were enhanced in the presence of the purified pectic polysaccharide, bupleuran 2IIc, but another B-cell mitogen, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) did not give a similar effect. In vitro studies using spleen cells showed that bupleuran 2IIc also stimulated lymphocytes, depleted of adherent cells or T cells. Bupleuran 2IIc treatment increased subpopulation of CD25+ and surface immunoglobulin M-positive (sIgM+) lymphocytes. Non-specific immunoglobulin secretion of spleen cells treated with bupleuran 2IIc was increased according to the culture time, and coexistence of interleukin-6 (IL-6) enhanced the secretion more than that of bupleuran 2IIc alone. These results suggest that bupleuran 2IIc proliferates B cells in the absence of macrophages, and the resulting activated B cells are then induced into antibody-forming cells in the presence of IL-6. Among the structural region of bupleuran 2IIc, ramified region (PG-1), which consists of rhamnogalacturonan core rich in neutral sugar chain, showed the potent mitogenic activity suggesting it to be an active site. Mitogenic activity of bupleuran 2IIc was reduced in the presence of antipolysaccharide antibody (antibupleuran 2IIc/PG-1-IgG), which recognizes the ramified region of bupleuran 2IIc as the antigenic epitope. Mitogenic activity of bupleuran 2IIc was also reduced by the addition of beta-d-GlcpA-(1-->6)-beta-d-Galp-(1-->6)-d-Galp or beta-d-GlcpA-(1-->6)-d-Galp, which are a part of the epitopes of antibupleuran 2IIc/PG-1-IgG. These results suggest that the epitopes in bupleuran 2IIc act as active sites of the polysaccharide during mitogenic activity.  (+info)

Purification of saponin compounds in Bupleurum falcatum by solvent partitioning and preparative LC. (2/36)

Saponin compounds (saikosaponin c, a, and d) in Bupleurum falcatum were partially purified by solvent partitioning of the herbal extract using diethyl ether, distilled water, n-butanol, and acetone. After separation of the saponins by preparative LC, the purity of each saikosaponin was more than 94%. The identities of purified individual saikosaponins were confirmed by TLC, analytical LC, and fast-atom bombardment mass spectrometry.  (+info)

Effects of a herbal compound containing bupleurum on human lymphocytes. (3/36)

Bupleurum-containing compounds, such as KY88 Liver Livo are thought to have immunomodulatory effects. This study investigated the effects of KY88 Liver Livo on the mitogenic induction of lymphocytes in vitro. Fifteen healthy human adult volunteers, aged between 20 and 50 years, provided peripheral blood samples from which lymphocytes were obtained by Ficoll-Hypaque centrifugation. The separated lymphocytes were stimulated by phytohaemagglutinin and KY88 Liver Livo in varying concentrations for 72 hours, with greater cluster and colony formation evident compared with lymphocytes in a control preparation. KY88 Liver Livo was also found to induce the secretion of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor in a dose-dependent fashion. These preliminary in vitro studies suggest that KY88 Liver Livo may have potential clinical value in the treatment of chronic viral infection and in the management of immunocompromised patients.  (+info)

Cytokine production by human lymphocytes stimulated by a herbal compound containing Bupleurum (KY88 LIVER LIVO). (4/36)

AIM: Compounds containing Bupleurum possess immunomodulating effects. KY88 LIVER LIVO (KY88) is a blend of such compound. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of KY88 on the production of cytokines by lymphocytes in vitro. METHODS: Seventy Sprague Dawley rats were used of which 40 were orally fed with 4 mg purified KY88 for 35 d. Normal human lymphocytes were isolated and cultured in standard conditions. The culture medium was collected at zero and 72 h after the KY88 treatment. The cytokines, including interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and interferon-gamma, were measured by ELISA kits. RESULTS: TNF-alpha levels in the supernatant of cultured human lymphocytes significantly increased after the treatment of PHA and KY88. The mean levels were (855+/-251), (399+/-145), and (176+/-49) ng/L after the treatment with KY88 at the concentrations of 10, 1 and 0.1 g/mL respectively. However, the level in the control group without specific treatment was only (68+/-4) ng/L. The difference between KY88 10 g/mL and control groups was significant (P<0.05). All other cytokines did not show significant variations between KY88 and the control groups. KY88 may regulate the immune function through the induction of TNF-alpha expression.  (+info)

Antiproliferative constituents from Umbelliferae plants VI. New ursane-type saikosaponin analogs from the fruits of Bupleurum rotundifolium. (5/36)

The MeOH extract of the fruits of Bupleurum rotundifolium showed inhibitory activity against human gastric adenocarcinoma (MK-1) cell growth (GI(50): 6.25 microg/ml). From this extract, 10 new ursane-type triterpene glycosides viz. three 3-O-triosides (called rotundifoliosides A, I, and J) of 13beta,28-epoxy-3beta,16alpha-dihydroxyurs-11-ene, two (G and H) of 13beta,28-epoxy-3beta,16alpha,23-trihydroxyurs-11-ene, two (E and F) of 13beta,28-epoxy-3beta,16alpha,21beta-trihydroxyurs-11-ene, two (B and C) of 3beta,11alpha,16alpha,28-tetrahydroxyurs-12-ene, and one (D) of 3beta,11alpha,28-trihydroxy-15alpha,16alpha-epoxyurs-12-ene were isolated in addition to 16 new oleanane-type triterpene glycosides (rotundiosides J-Y), echinocystic acid 3-O-sulfate and 3 known oleanane-type triterpene glycosides (rotundiosides A, F and G). The isolation, structures and antiproliferative activity of the new ursane-type triterpene glycosides against MK-1, human uterus carcinoma (HeLa), and murine melanoma (B16F10) cell lines are described with some comments on the structural requirements for their activity.  (+info)

Development of an assay system for saikosaponin a using anti-saikosaponin a monoclonal antibodies. (6/36)

For immunization, saikosaponin a (SSa) was conjugated with bovine serum albumin (BSA). The hapten number in an antigen conjugate was determined to be eleven by matrix-assisted laser adsorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF Mass). Hybridomas secreting monoclonal antibodies (MAb) against SSa were produced by fusing splenocytes immunized with SSa-BSA conjugate and a hypoxanthine-aminopterin-thymidine-sensitive (HAT) mouse myeloma cell line, P3-X63-Ag8-653. A high specific MAb against SSa was selected from hybridomas using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) analysis. Weak cross-reactivities occurred with saikosaponin c, b(2) and d, which are stereochemical and/or functional isomers of SSa, but no cross-reactivities were observed with other related steroidal glycosides. The full range of the assay extends 26 ng/ml to 1.5 microg/ml of SSa. Good correlation of SSa concentrations in a crude extract of Bupleuri radix between ELISA and HPLC methods was obtained after hydrolysis of acyl saikosaponins by treatment with a mild alkaline solution. The newly established ELISA has been applied for the quantitative assay of SSa in the Bupleuri radix and the Kampo medicines (TCM) prescribed with Bupleuri radix.  (+info)

Phylogenetic relationships in Bupleurum (apiaceae) based on nuclear ribosomal DNA its sequence data. (7/36)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The genus Bupleurum has long been recognized as a natural group, but its infrageneric classification is controversial and has not yet been studied in the light of sequence data. METHODS: Phylogenetic relationships among 32 species (35 taxa) of the genus Bupleurum were investigated by comparative sequencing of the ITS region of the 18-26S nuclear ribosomal DNA repeat. Exemplar taxa from all currently accepted sections and subsections of the genus were included, along with outgroups from four other early branching Apioideae genera (Anginon, Heteromorpha, Physospermum and Pleurospermum). RESULTS: Phylogenies generated by maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and neighbour-joining methods show similar topologies, demonstrating monophyly of Bupleurum and the division of the genus into two major clades. This division is also supported by analysis of the 5.8S coding sequence alone. The first branching clade is formed by all the species of the genus with pinnate-reticulate veined leaves and B. rigidum with a unique type of leaf venation. The other major clade includes the remaining species studied, all of which have more or less parallel-veined leaves. CONCLUSIONS: These phylogenetic results do not agree with any previous classifications of the genus. Molecular data also suggest that the endemic Macaronesian species B. salicifolium is a neoendemic, as the sequence divergence between the populations in Madeira and Canary Islands, and closer mainland relatives in north-west Africa is small. All endemic north-west African taxa are included in a single unresolved but well-supported clade, and the low nucleotide variation of ITS suggests a recent radiation within this group. The only southern hemisphere species, B. mundii (southern Africa), is shown to be a neoendemic, apparently closely related to B. falcatum, a Eurasian species.  (+info)

Seasonal branch nutrient dynamics in two Mediterranean woody shrubs with contrasted phenology. (8/36)

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Mediterranean woody plants have a wide variety of phenological strategies. Some authors have classified the Mediterranean phanaerophytes into two broad phenological categories: phenophase-overlappers (that overlap resource-demanding activities in a short period of the year) and phenophase-sequencers (that protract resource-demanding activities throughout the year). In this work the impact of both phenological strategies on leaf nutrient accumulation and retranslocation dynamics at the level of leaves and branches was evaluated. Phenophase-overlappers were expected to accumulate nutrients in leaves throughout most of the year and withdraw them efficiently in a short period. Phenophase-sequencers were expected to withdraw nutrients progressively throughout the year, without long accumulation periods. METHODS: To test this hypothesis, variations in phenology and leaf NPK in the crown of a phenophase-overlapper Cistus laurifolius and a phenophase-sequencer Bupleurum fruticosum were monitored monthly during 2 years. KEY RESULTS: Changes in nutrient concentration at the leaf level were not clearly related with the different phenologies. Nitrogen and phosphorous resorption efficiencies were lower in the phenophase-overlapper, and accumulation-retranslocation seasonality was similar in both species. Changes in the branch nutrient pool agreed with the hypothesis that the phenophase-overlapper accumulated nutrients from summer until the bud burst of the following spring, recovering a large nutrient pool during massive leaf shedding. The phenophase-sequencer did not accumulate nutrients from autumn until early spring, achieving lower nutrient recovery during spring leaf shedding. CONCLUSIONS: It is concluded that phenological demands influence branch nutrient cycling. This effect is easier to detect by assessing changes in the branch nutrient pool rather than changes in the leaf nutrient concentration.  (+info)

Bupleurum is a genus of plants in the family Apiaceae, also known as the carrot or parsley family. The name "Bupleurum" refers to several dozen species of herbaceous plants that are native to Europe, Asia, and North Africa. Some species of Bupleurum have been used in traditional medicine in various cultures for centuries.

In particular, Bupleurum chinense and Bupleurum falcatum have been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for thousands of years. These species are known as "Chai Hu" or "Radix Bupleuri" in TCM and are believed to have various medicinal properties, such as regulating the flow of Qi (vital energy), reducing fever, relieving cough and asthma, and treating liver disorders.

The active compounds found in Bupleurum species include saponins, flavonoids, and essential oils. Some studies have suggested that these compounds may have anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antioxidant effects, but more research is needed to confirm their therapeutic potential and safety.

It's important to note that while some Bupleurum species have been used in traditional medicine for centuries, they should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice or treatment. Before taking any herbal supplements, it's recommended to consult with a healthcare provider to ensure their safety and effectiveness.

Oleanolic Acid is not a medical term, but a chemical compound. It is a triterpenoid, a type of organic compound that is widely distributed in the plant kingdom and has been found to have various biological activities, including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anticancer properties.

Oleanolic Acid can be found in various plants such as olive leaves, eucalyptus, and some fruits and vegetables. It is a white crystalline powder that is soluble in alcohol, ether, and chloroform but insoluble in water. In the medical field, Oleanolic Acid has been studied for its potential therapeutic effects, particularly in the treatment of liver diseases, cancer, and bacterial infections. However, more research is needed to fully understand its mechanisms of action and safety profile before it can be used as a standard therapy.

Sapogenins are steroid-like compounds that are naturally occurring in some plants, particularly in the sap of certain species. They are aglycones (non-sugar components) of saponins, which are glycosides (compounds with sugar molecules) known for their foaming properties.

Sapogenins have a steroidal structure and can be further categorized into two groups: spirostanol sapogenins and furostanol sapogenins. These compounds have potential therapeutic applications due to their anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and cytotoxic properties. However, more research is needed to fully understand their mechanisms of action and potential benefits in medical treatments.

Saponins are a type of naturally occurring chemical compound found in various plants, including soapwords, ginseng, and many others. They are known for their foaming properties, similar to that of soap, which gives them their name "saponin" derived from the Latin word "sapo" meaning soap.

Medically, saponins have been studied for their potential health benefits, including their ability to lower cholesterol levels, reduce inflammation, and boost the immune system. However, they can also have toxic effects in high concentrations, causing gastrointestinal disturbances and potentially damaging red blood cells.

Saponins are typically found in the cell walls of plants and can be extracted through various methods for use in pharmaceuticals, food additives, and cosmetics.

"Swertia" is a genus of flowering plants in the family Gentianaceae. It includes around 150 species, many of which are native to Asia and have been used in traditional medicine for their potential health benefits. Some active compounds found in Swertia species include xanthones, swerioside, and amarogentin, which have been studied for their anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial properties. However, more research is needed to fully understand the potential medicinal uses and safety of these plants. It's important to consult with a healthcare professional before using any herbal remedies.

... freitagii Rech.f. Bupleurum fruticescens L. Bupleurum fruticosum L. Bupleurum gansuense S.L.Pan & P.S.Hsu Bupleurum ... Bupleurum chaishoui R.H.Shan & M.L.Sheh Bupleurum chevalieri Cherm. Bupleurum chinense DC. Bupleurum citrinum Hochst. Bupleurum ... Durieu Bupleurum multinerve DC. Bupleurum mundii Cham. & Schltdl. Bupleurum muschleri H.Wolff Bupleurum nanum Poir. Bupleurum ... Bupleurum ranunculoides L. Bupleurum regelii Lincz. & V.M.Vinogr. Bupleurum rigidum L. Bupleurum rischawianum Albov Bupleurum ...
"Bupleurum fruticosum - L." Plants For A Future. Retrieved 4 August 2017. "Bupleurum fruticosum". Royal Horticultural Society. ... Bupleurum fruticosum or shrubby hare's-ear is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae. It is endemic to the ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bupleurum fruticosum. v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ... different from Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Commons link from Wikidata, Bupleurum, Plants described in 1753 ...
... , the small hare's ear, is a plant species of the genus Bupleurum. Wikimedia Commons has media related to ... Wikispecies has information related to Bupleurum baldense. v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ... different from Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Commons category link from Wikidata, Bupleurum, All stub ...
... , the slender hare's-ear, is a coastal plant of the family Apiaceae. Bupleurum tenuissimum (Slender Hare`s ... Bupleurum, Plants described in 1753, Taxa named by Carl Linnaeus, All stub articles, Apiaceae stubs). ...
... is a plant species of the genus Bupleurum. Flora Croatica Database Wikimedia Commons has media related to ... Wikispecies has information related to Bupleurum veronense. v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ... different from Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Commons category link from Wikidata, Bupleurum, All stub ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bupleurum elatum. Gianguzzi, L.; La Mantia, A. (2006). "Bupleurum elatum". IUCN Red List ... Bupleurum elatum is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae. It is endemic to Italy. Its natural habitat is ... Bupleurum, Flora of Italy, Critically endangered plants, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, All stub articles, Apiaceae stubs ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae known by the common name lanceleaf thorow-wax. It ... Bupleurum, Flora of Malta, All stub articles, Apiaceae stubs). ...
"Bupleurum aureum in Flora of China @ efloras.org". www.efloras.org. Retrieved 22 July 2022. v t e (Articles with short ... "Bupleurum aureum Fisch. ex Hoffm. , Plants of the World Online , Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 22 July ... Bupleurum aureum is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae. The plant is native to Xinjiang, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia ... Bupleurum, Flora of Kazakhstan, Flora of Kyrgyzstan, Flora of Mongolia, Flora of the Russian Far East, Flora of Siberia, Flora ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae. It is endemic to the Pyrenees and the Cantabrian ... "Bupleurum angulosum". RHS. Retrieved 21 May 2019. v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from ... Wikidata, Articles with 'species' microformats, Bupleurum, Flora of Spain, All stub articles, Apiaceae stubs). ...
... is native to East Asia. The leaves of the plant are long and thin and resemble fennel. The root of B. ... Bupleurum chinense (Chai Hu, Chinese: 柴胡; pinyin: chaí hú; Jyutping: caai4 wu4, Thorowax) is a plant of the family Apiaceae. ... Bupleurum chinense roots, also known as Radix Bupleuri, contain polyacetylenes and saponins/triterpenoids. Chinese Herbal ... Abe H, Sakaguchi M, Odashima S, Arichi S (September 1982). "Protective effect of saikosaponin-d isolated from Bupleurum ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bupleurum dianthifolium. Cuttonaro, P.; Gianguzzi, L.; Romano, S. (2011). "Bupleurum ... Bupleurum dianthifolium is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae. It is endemic to Italy. Its natural habitat is ... Bupleurum, Flora of Italy, Critically endangered plants, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, All stub articles, Apiaceae stubs ...
Bupleurum (Bupleurum chinenseL., Bupleurum falcatum) Lee B, Yun HY, Shim I, Lee H, Hahm DH (2012). "Bupleurum falcatum Prevents ... Bupleurum falcatum has been used in Chinese medicine for over 2,000 years as a "liver tonic". Bupleurum falcatum has been found ... Bupleurum falcatum, also known as sickle-leaved hare's-ear, Chinese thoroughwax, sickle hare's ear and sickle-leaf hare's ear, ... "Bupleurum falcatum". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of ...
... , hare's ear or hound's ear, is a species of flowering plant in the genus Bupleurum, native to Morocco, ... Pl.: 236 (1753) "Bupleurum rotundifolium L." Plants of the World Online. Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae. It is endemic to western Crete, an island which is ... The plant is taxonomically isolated within the genus Bupleurum. It was classified as 'critically endangered' in the IUCN Red ... Fournaraki, C.; Thanos, C.A. (2011). "Bupleurum kakiskalae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T61611A12522056. doi: ... Bupleurum, Critically endangered plants, Endemic flora of Greece, Taxonomy articles created by Polbot, All stub articles, ...
"Bupleurum handiense (Bolle) G.Kunkel". www.gbif.org. Retrieved 2022-08-11. "Tropicos , Name - Bupleurum handiense (Bolle) G. ... "Bupleurum handiense - (Bolle) Kunkel". eunis.eea.europa.eu. Retrieved 2022-08-11. Media related to Bupleurum handiense at ... Bupleurum handiense, the Jandía anise, is a species of flowering plant in the Apiaceae family. It was described by Günther ... Bupleurum, Flora of Lanzarote, Flora of Fuerteventura, Endemic flora of the Canary Islands, All stub articles, Apiaceae stubs) ...
... is a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae. It is referred to by the common name dwarf hare's ... "Bupleurum sintenisii Asch. & Urb. ex Huter". Plants of the World Online. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. n.d. ... Bupleurum, Endemic flora of Cyprus, Taxa named by Paul Friedrich August Ascherson, Taxa named by Ignatz Urban, Taxa named by ...
"Bupleurum semicompositum L. - Encyclopedia of Life". eol.org. Retrieved 2022-02-04. Mifsud, Stephen (2002-08-23). "Bupleurum ... Bupleurum semicompositum, the dwarf hare's ear, is a species of annual herb in the family Apiaceae. They have a self-supporting ... Licensed under CC0 (license statement/permission). Text taken from Bupleurum semicompositum​, . Encyclopedia of Life. " ... Bupleurum, Flora of Malta, All stub articles, Apiaceae stubs). ...
The leaf blade is usually dissected, ternate, or pinnatifid, but simple and entire in some genera, e.g. Bupleurum. Commonly, ... though a minority are woody shrubs or small trees such as Bupleurum fruticosum.: 35 Their leaves are of variable size and ...
"Bupleurum lancifolium". MaltaWildPlants.com. Retrieved 2022-01-04. Mifsud, Stephen. "Bupleurum semicompositum". MaltaWildPlants ...
... bupleurum (柴胡; cháihú), cinnamon (cinnamon twigs (桂枝; guìzhī) and cinnamon bark (肉桂; ròuguì)), coptis (黄连; 黃連; huánglián), ...
... indigenous Genus Bupleurum: Bupleurum capitatum (L.f.) Thunb. accepted as Hermas capitata L.f. Bupleurum ciliatum (L.f.) Thunb ... indigenous Bupleurum quinquedentatum (L.f.) Thunb. accepted as Hermas quinquedentata L.f. Bupleurum rotundifolium L. not ... accepted as Hermas ciliata L.f. Bupleurum giganteum (L.f.) Thunb. accepted as Hermas gigantea L.f. Bupleurum mundii Cham. & ... indigenous Bupleurum villosum L. accepted as Hermas villosa (L.) Thunb. Genus Buprestis: Buprestis gigantea (L.f.) Spreng. ...
The larvae feed on Bupleurum fruticescens. They mine the leaves of their host plant. The mine consists of a corridor, mostly ...
The larvae feed on Bupleurum falcatum. They spin the leaves of their host plant together to create a shelter from which they ...
They can combine well with plants of the genus; Cistus, Salvia, Rosmarinus, Eriocephalus and Bupleurum. In the Baleares, it has ...
The larvae feed on Bupleurum falcatum. Fauna Europaea lepiforum.de Wikispecies has information related to Depressaria ...
The larvae feed on Bupleurum rigidum species. They initially mine the leaves of their host plant. The mine has the form of a ...
Visnaga Mill., synonym of Ammi in GRIN Bupleurum L. Hohenackeria Fisch. & C.A.Mey. Aegokeras Raf. Aegopodium L. Carum L. ...
The larvae feed on Bupleurum fruticosum and Bupleurum rigidum. They mine the leaves of their host plant. The mine consists of ...
Apiaceae) Bupleurum linczevskii Pimenov & Sdobnina (Asteraceae) Steptorhamphus linczevskii Kirp. (Lamiaceae) Perovskia ...
jordanoffii, Brassicaceae Bromopsis moesiaca, Poaceae Bruckenthalia spiculifolia, Ericaceae Bupleurum aristatum var. karglii, ...
Bupleurum freitagii Rech.f. Bupleurum fruticescens L. Bupleurum fruticosum L. Bupleurum gansuense S.L.Pan & P.S.Hsu Bupleurum ... Bupleurum chaishoui R.H.Shan & M.L.Sheh Bupleurum chevalieri Cherm. Bupleurum chinense DC. Bupleurum citrinum Hochst. Bupleurum ... Durieu Bupleurum multinerve DC. Bupleurum mundii Cham. & Schltdl. Bupleurum muschleri H.Wolff Bupleurum nanum Poir. Bupleurum ... Bupleurum ranunculoides L. Bupleurum regelii Lincz. & V.M.Vinogr. Bupleurum rigidum L. Bupleurum rischawianum Albov Bupleurum ...
... rotundifolium L. Thorough-wax Jänönputki Pyöröjänönputki Harört *Bupleurum rotundifolium; [RK], 320; [GMBOT], 617; [ ...
Bupleurum fruticosum is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2.5 m (8ft) by 2.5 m (8ft) at a slow rate. See above for USDA hardiness. ... Bupleurum octoradiatum. Perennial. 0.8. - LMH. SN. M. 1. 1. 1. Bupleurum rotundifolium. Hares Ear. Annual. 0.4. 5-9 LM. N. DM ... Bupleurum fruticosum is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2.5 m (8ft) by 2.5 m (8ft) at a slow rate.. See above for USDA hardiness ... Bupleurum chinense. Bei Chai Hu. Perennial. 1.0. 3-7 LMH. SN. DM. 2. 3. 1. ...
Bupleurum is a flowering plant species of the Apiaceae family, commonly referred to as thoroughwort or ... Bupleurum. Bupleurum is a flowering plant species of the Apiaceae family, commonly referred to as "thoroughwort" or "bupleurum ... Potential Side Effects of Bupleurum. While Bupleurum has many potential benefits, it is important to note that it can also ... Bupleurum is generally used in tinctures, capsules, and powders, and for this purpose, the leaves, stem, and root of the plant ...
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Bupleurum has antiseptic, antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, antioxidant, antipyretic (fever-reducing), diuretic, sedative, ... Bupleurum is used in Herbal Medicine to help support liver function. ... Bupleurum is used in Herbal Medicine to help support liver function. Bupleurum has antiseptic, antimicrobial, antifungal, ... Bupleurum is used in Herbal Medicine to help support liver function. Bupleurum has antiseptic, antimicrobial, antifungal, ...
Bupleurum radix chinensis Common Name: English: Thorowax Root Also, known as: Bei Chai Hu,Bupleuri, Bupleurum Chinese, Upleurum ... chinense, Thorowax, Saiko, Hares ear, Radix Bupleuri Chinensis, Bupleurum, Hares Ear Root, Radix Bupleuri , Bupleurum ... Bupleurum has long thin leaves rather than the lacy appearance of fennel and dill leaves. The Chinese name for bupleurum, chai ... Bupleurum is also known as Hares Ear. Bupleurum Root is one of the most important herbs used in Traditional Chinese Medicine ...
Bupleurum Soothing Liver Formula Traditionals Dietary Supplement STANDARD FORMULA ORIGINALLY NAMED Chai Hu Shu Gan Tang ... Tangerine dried rind of mature fruit, Bupleurum root, White peony root, Sichuan lovage rhizome, Bitter orange mature fruit, ...
Capture the essence of nature with our Bupleurum rotundifolium notebook. Adorned with a stunning close-up photo in soft, gentle ...
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Bupleurum & Peony Formula Capsules - Jia Wei Xiao Yao San - 加味逍遙散 $25.80 ... Jia Wei Xiao Yao San - Bupleurum & Peony Formula Granules - 加味逍遙散 $25.88 ... Home → Products → Bupleurum & Rehmannia Combination Capsules - Chai Hu Qing Gan Tang - 柴胡清肝湯 ... Bupleurum & Rehmannia Combination Capsules - Chai Hu Qing Gan Tang - 柴胡清肝湯. #FeaturedMedia-product-template-6606178517058 { max ...
Bupleurum Root (Chai hu) 8.89g. Pinellia Tuber (Ban xia) 5.56g. Scutellaria Root (Huang qin) 3.33g. Jujube (Da zao) 2.22g. ... Home / Formulas / Xiao Chai Hu Tang (Sho-saiko-to), Minor Bupleurum Formula, T09. ...
Yellow-green bupleurum flowers dangle like stars on these simple drop earrings. ...
Chai Ping Tang 柴平湯 - Bupleurum and Calm the Stomach Formula ... Chai Ping Tang 柴平湯 - Bupleurum and Calm the Stomach Formula ...
Bupleurum open naturally dried flowers with a length of about 55 cm. Available per bunch at the nicest webshop for dried ... Bupleurum open 55cm SB natural ( x 3 ) or Bupleurum open 55cm natural ( x 17 ) Order dried flowers for business use at a ... Bupleurum open natural dried flowers with a length of about 55 cm. Available per bunch from the best webshop for dried flowers ... Bupleurum open natural dried flowers , Length ± 55 cm , Available per bunch. €9,90 Incl. tax ...
Bupleurum chinense DC., Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz, Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch., Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf, Zingiber ...
Tytuł projektu: Udostępnianie cyfrowe zasobów polskich czasopism z nauk przyrodniczych i rolniczych w bazie AGRO. Nr umowy: POPC.02.03.01-00-0038/18-00 (okres realizacji 2018-2021). Kwota dofinansowania: 7 442 980,00 z. W ramach Programu Operacyjnego Polska Cyfrowa na lata 2014-2020, Oś Priorytetowa nr 2 "E-administracja i otwarty rząd" Działanie nr 2.3 "Cyfrowa dostępność i użyteczność informacji sektora publicznego" Poddziałanie nr 2.3.1 "Cyfrowe udostępnienie informacji sektora publicznego ze źródeł administracyjnych i zasobów nauki (typ projektu: cyfrowe udostępnienie zasobów nauki)" Instytucja Finansująca: Centrum Projektów Polska Cyfrowa ...
Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem. is historical garden weed; some toxic (e.g., Conium). Note: Mature fruit generally critical in ...
Chamomile is known for its soothing powers. It is often used as a tea to promote relaxation.. However, this herb has other beneficial uses as well.. Chamomile has anti-inflammatory properties. Chamomile tea is helpful for a variety of digestive complaints, including heartburn, and bowel inflammation.. When cooled chamomile tea or chamomile lotions or tinctures are applied to the skin, they can sooth rashes, sunburn, and other minor skin irritations.. Active chemicals in chamomile work much like anti-anxiety medications. Chamomile tea is good for reducing anxiety, and can help people with insomnia relax and sleep.. Chamomile has properties which are anti-spasmodic, allowing muscles and nerves to relax. People with menstrual cramps and muscle strains are often helped by chamomile.. Azulene, one of the active chemicals in chamomile, is a strong anti-bacterial agent, capable of fighting both streptococcus and staphylococcus.. While most people are familiar with chamomile tea, chamomile is also ...
Bupleurum; Boronia; delicate Limonium; Trachelium; waxflower; rice flower; ladys mantle; Hypericum; Berzelia/Brunia; ...
Bupleurum falcatum Butea frondosa Butea monosperma Buxus sempervirens Caesalpinia crista Caesalpinia pulcherrima Caesalpinia ... Bupleurum chinense *Bupleurum falcatum *Butea frondosa *Butea monosperma *Buxus sempervirens *Caesalpinia crista *Caesalpinia ...
per stem MX long 3.00 bunched 5s GU 17.50 ---BUPLEURUM: MARKET STEADY. per bunch CB long 9.50-10.00 mostly 10.00 EC long 12.00- ...
Bupleurum and Peony Formula Jia Wei Xiao Yao San tang-kuei, peony, bupleurum, gardenia, atractylodes, moutan mental agitation, ... tang-kuei, lycium, bupleurum, rehmannia, cornus, moutan poor eye sight Cnidium and Tang-kuei Combination Xiong Gui Bu Xue Tang ...
Angelica, Ashwagandha, Bala, Balarishta- Vitality Tonic, Bhringaraj, Black Cohosh, Blue Cohosh, Bupleurum, California Poppy, ... Amritarishta (Amrutharishtam), Bhringaraj, Blue Vervain, Brahmi - Gotu Kola, Bupleurum, Dong Quai, Guduchi, Jasmine Flower, ...
The Wizard Series is an excellent example of the new developments of coleus, it is the best seed raised strain for bedding and containers. From the brilliant apricot-bronze Sunset, to red-veined maroon Velvet Red, each is a distinctive work of art. The heart-shaped leaves show their colour early and keeps its hues right through the worst summer heat and humidity. Available in single colours or as a mix.. ...
... Sprays of fluffy pale-yellow flowers open in star-like clusters on thin stems clad in blue green, exquisite, tiny, transparent foliage of maidenhair-shaped leaves, giving the whole plant a light, delicate appearance. This dwarf rarity grows on rock ledges and shaley outcrops, high on the mountains of Afghanistan, Turkey, Russian Armenia, Iraq, Iran, Syria, Afghanistan and the Altai Mountains. Few viable seeds collected.
Bupleurum, Italian Ruscus, Salal, Solidago Kale Green Trick Dianthus Yellow Daisy Pom. Orange Roses Yellow Tulips ...
Bupleurum is a famous example.. Yin and Yang Self Analysis Test. In order to best take advantage of the Chinese tonic herbs, it ...
  • Bupleurum is a large genus of annual or perennial herbs or woody shrubs, with about 190 species, belonging to the family Apiaceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bupleurum is a flowering plant species of the Apiaceae family, commonly referred to as "thoroughwort" or "bupleurum. (lovetofeel.com)
  • Balansa Bupleurum condensatum R.H.Shan & Y.Li Bupleurum constancei Nazir Bupleurum contractum Korovin Bupleurum croceum Fenzl Bupleurum dalhousianum (C.B.Clarke) Koso-Pol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bupleurum falcatum L. Bupleurum faurelii Maire Bupleurum ferganense Lincz. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bupleurum fruticescens L. Bupleurum fruticosum L. Bupleurum gansuense S.L.Pan & P.S.Hsu Bupleurum gaudianum Snogerup Bupleurum gerardi All. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bupleurum fruticosum - L. (pfaf.org)
  • Bupleurum fruticosum is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2.5 m (8ft) by 2.5 m (8ft) at a slow rate. (pfaf.org)
  • Bupleurum longifolium L. Bupleurum lophocarpum Boiss. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tangerine dried rind of mature fruit, Bupleurum root, White peony root, Sichuan lovage rhizome, Bitter orange mature fruit, Cyperus rhizome, Chinese salvia root and rhizome, Chinese licorice root (honey-fried). (dralexrinehart.com)
  • Bupleurum is propagated from seed in spring or by root division in autumn and requires well-drained soil and plenty of suns. (alpineherb.ca)
  • Bupleurum Root is one of the most important herbs used in Traditional Chinese Medicine and is one of China's "harmony" herb. (alpineherb.ca)
  • Bupleurum is used in Herbal Medicine to help support liver function. (naturesante.ca)
  • Bupleurum radix chinensis is a perennial herb grows in China and cultivated throughout the central and eastern part of the country and also found in other parts of Asia. (alpineherb.ca)
  • Yellow-green bupleurum flowers dangle like stars on these simple drop earrings. (beimpressedbynature.com)
  • Bupleurum open naturally dried flowers with a length of about 55 cm. (myflowers.shop)
  • Bupleurum open 55cm SB natural ( x 3 ) or Bupleurum open 55cm natural ( x 17 ) Order dried flowers for business use at a bargain price! (myflowers.shop)
  • Additionally, it is important to note that Bupleurum may affect blood sugar levels, so those with diabetes should use caution when supplementing with this herb. (lovetofeel.com)
  • While Bupleurum has many potential benefits, it is important to note that it can also cause some side effects such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. (lovetofeel.com)
  • The health benefits associated with Bupleurum are numerous. (lovetofeel.com)